Group Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Title: [Inventory of industrial advantages
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 Material Information
Title: Inventory of industrial advantages
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 39 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida State Advertising Commission
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: 1948-1949?]
General Note: Issued separately for Florida cities in cooperation with local chambers of commerce and varied agencies.
General Note: In loose-leaf binders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00075576
Volume ID: VID00013
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001689269
notis - AJA1305

Full Text

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Highlands County

Table of Contents


Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2

Part B---General Economy

1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 3
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3

Part C---Government

1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal 4
6. Water Suoply 5
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 6
10. Recreational Facilities 6
11. Police Protection 6
12. Fire Protection 6
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 7
16. Retail Facilities 7
17. Wholesale Facilities 7
18. Housing Conditions 7
19. Hotels and Restaurants 7
20. Newspapers 7
21. Laundries and Dry Clenners 7
22. Civic Organizations 7
23. Churches 7

Revised By:

Avon Park, Florida


Tallahassee, Florida



Part A---Natural Resources

1. Geography

Location: Avon Park is 80 miles southeast of Tampa and 80 miles south of

Chief topographical features: In the "Ridge Section" of South Florida, an
area of rolling hills, with many fresh water lakes of varying size. Sandy
soil. Elevation, 145 feet above sea level.

2. Climate

(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau temperature observations for a 51-year period
and rainfall observations for a 144-year period.)

Annual Januar April July October

Normal temperature 73.0 63.2 72.4 81.5 75.3
Normal rainfall 52.22 2.22 2.37 8.18 4.04

Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, January 12;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December 25; average length of
growing season, 347 days.

3. Local Raw Materials

Timber: Considerable saw timber is available.

Minerals: No minerals are known to be available in commercial quantities,
other than sand.

Agricultural products: Citrus is the principal agricultural crop in this
section. Avacados, mangoes and truck crops are also grown in commercial
quantities. Large quantities of beef and dairy cattle are raised in this

Other: Flowers and lily bulbs are grown in commercial quantities.

Part B---General Economy

1. Population

Est. 1949* 1945 1940 1935 130

County total 17,000 16,220 9,246 10,912 9,192
City total 6,400 4,962 3,125 3,869 3,355
Negroes in county 3,000 2,885 1,944 3,123 2,677
Negroes in city 914 914 1,282 -

*Estimate by Avon Park Chamber of Commerce.

Predominant nationalities: Native-born white; Negro.

2. Labor

Unions: No national unions have been established in local industries.

Female employment: Approximately 15% of total employment is female. Approxi-
mately 250 women are employed in citrus packing and canning.

Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white male, 75#; unskilled Negro male,
650; unskilled white female, 500; unskilled Negro female, 400; skilled white
male, $1.50; skilled Negro male, $1.25; skilled white female, $1; skilled
Negro female, 900.

General: Labor is of excellent quality, readily adaptable to training in new
types of work. The supply is ample for considerable industrial or commercial



2. Finances (Cont.)

Bonded debt: City, $1,400,000; county, $212,000 (plus $325,000 that is being
paid without local taxes).

Other long-term obligations: City, 0; county, 0.

Part D---Community Facilities

1. Available Data

Maps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sewer and power distribution system
maps are available .

2. Transportation Facilities

Rail: Daily passenger and freight services are provided by the Seaboard Air
Line Railroad and the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. Pick-up and delivery service
for loss than carload freight is available.

Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Direct
air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery of express is

Highways: U. S. Highway 27 and Florida Highway 64 pass through the city.

Intercity bus service: Greyhound Lines operates 16 buses daily through Avon
Park. Direct service to Orlando, Jacksonville, Miami and Saint Petersburg is

Intercity trucking facilities: Hunt Truck Lines provides service to central
Florida communities, with connections in Tampa for other sections.

Air: Avon Park Airport, municipally-owned, is 1- miles from center of town. It
has 19,200 feet of hangar space. All runways are paved and 100 feet wide. Runwa:
lengths are 3,800 feet, 3,750 feet and 4,000 foot. The field is open to private
planes, Charter flights are available. Scheduled commercial air transportation
is not available.

3. Power

General: Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating and dis-
tribution facilities. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's

4. Fuel

Coal: Very little coal is used in this section.

Gas: Neither artificial nor natural gas is available.

Battled gas: Liquified petroleum gas, rated at 3,300 B.t.u. per cubic foot, is
distributed for both residential and commercial use. One gallon equals 31.8
cubic feet. Approximate delivered cost is 300 per gallon for the first 10 gallons
and 200 per gallon for all additional.

Other: Fuel oils are available from local distributors.

5. Sewage and Waste Disposal

Sewage: Practically all commercial establishments and hotels and some residential
sections are served by a sanitary sewerage system. Septic tanks and sludge beds
are used for treatment. Extensions to present sewerage system are planned. At
present, operation of the system is paid for by the city operations tax.

Garbage: Garbage is collected daily in the business section and three times a
week in the residential sections.



6. Water Surply

Operator: City.

Source: Deep wells (1,100 feet). Present source is considered adequate for

Treatment: Due to the purity of the water, no treatment is necessary.

Consumption: 500,000 gallons per day.

Pumping capacity: 1,880,000 gallons per day.

Chemical analysis:


pH, 7.8
Color, 12
M Alkalinity (CaC03) 122
Chlorides (Cl) 7.1
Total hardness (CaCO) 116
Free carbon dioxide (002) 4*0
Turbidity 2
Iron (Fe) Trace
Manganese (Mn) 0
Silica (Si) 21.8
Total solids 124


Rate #12. per month Per 1,000 Gallons

First 4,000 gallons, $1,25 minimum
Next 10,000 gallons 304
Next 10,000 gallons 254
Next 10,000 gallons 200
Next 66,000 gallons 150
Over 100,000 gallons 100

7. Communications Facilities

Telephone service: Inter-County Telephone and Telegraph Company operates a
manual exchange serving 550 company-owned stations, 150 rural stations and
20 toll circuits.

Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. on
week-days; 9 to 11 a.m. and 3:30 to 5:30 p.m. on Sundays and 8:30 to 10:30
a.m. and 3:30 to 5 p.m. on holidays.

8. Educational Facilities

Elementary Junior High High


Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 527 188 166
Present capacity 550 190 150


Number of schools 1 1
Present enrollment 200 31
Present capacity 250 50


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8. Educational Facilities (Cont.)

Vocational training for white students: Commercial subjects, home economics,
manual training and shop work.

*Negro high school students attend the E.O. Douglas School in Sebring.

Vocational training for Negro students: None.

Library: Public Library, 6,000 volumes.

9. Health Facilities

City health department: None.

County health department: Staff of one doctor and two nurses. Operates a
clinic in Avon Park and three clinics in other sections of the county.

Hospitals: Walker Memorial Sanitarium and Hospital, a modern 100-bed general
hospital, located three miles north of Avon Park, serves this area. It is
operated by the Florida Sanitarium and Benevolent Association, an affiliate
of the Seventh Day Adventist Church.

10. Recreational Facilities

Public parks: A public park extends the full length of Main Street, a dis-
tance of one mile. Donaldson Park, site of the Winter Tourist Club, is on
Main Street, on the shore of Lake Verona.

Athletic fields: Head Field, a modern baseball park, has a concrete grand-
stand and is lighted for night games. A lighted football field with steel
bleachers is maintained by the local schools.

Other: Two tennis courts and shuffleboard courts.

11. Police Protection

City: Force consists of four policemen. City has one patrol car, without
radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at
night. City jail is not approved for quartering Federal prisoners.

County; City police do not provide protection outside city limits. The
county sheriff is responsible for protection outside the city. The county
jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.

12. Fire Protection

City: Force consists of two full-time and 20 volunteer firemen. City has
three engines and one station.

Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.

County: The city fire department provides protection in the area immediately
adjacent to the city.

13. City Streets

Mileage: Total, 46 miles; paved, 23 miles; sand clay, 23 miles.

General: Asphalt is the principal type of pavement used. About 50% of the
streets are curbed and about 20% have sidewalks. About 50% of the streets
should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.

14. Banking Facilities

General: Barnett National Bank of Avon Park serves the area.



15. Construction and Service Facilities

Type and number: General contractors, 3; architects, 1; land surveyors, 2;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0; automotive
repair facilities, 12.

16. Retail Facilities

Type and number: Dry goods stores, 5; department stores, 1; grocery stores,
12; drug stores, 2.

Deficiencies: A gift shop and a stationery and office equipment store are

17. Wholesale Facilities

General: Avon Park is a wholesale distribution center for such items as
gasoline, beverages, groceries, feed and motor parts. Commercial cold storage
facilities are adequate for present need. Public warehousing facilities are
not available.

Deficiencies: An ice cream and dairy products plant is needed.

18. Housing Conditions

number of

Some houses are for sale and a few are for rent. A considerable
furnished apartments are for rent. The city could probably meet an
demand for housing for an additional 50 families.

19. Hotels and Restaurants

Hotels: Number, 6; rooms, 260.

Restaurants: Number, 3; seating capacity, 200.

20. Newspapers

Weekly: Avon Park Sun, circulation, 920.

21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners

Commercial laundries: Number, 1.

Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 3.

22. Civic Organizations


American Legion
American Legion Auxiliary
Beta Sigma Phi
Business & Professional Women's Club
Chamber of Commerce
Exchange Club
Firemen, Inc.
Garden Club (Founder's Circle)
Garden Club (Hibiscus Circle)
Rotary Club
Woman's Club
Junior Woman's Club


John C. Church (Commander)
Mrs. Marion Nelson
Miss Ouida Fields
Miss Millie Pearson
R. R. King, Jr.
Roy Seims
Wilborn W. Giddens
Mrs. C. P. Anderson
Mrs. E. P. Loomis
Alton Elder (Governor)
Vaughn Driggers
Mrs. Charles F. Kenney
Mrs. Floyd Wells

23. Churches

Denominations: Assembly of God, Baptist, Christian Science, Church of Christ,
Church of God, Congregational, Methodist, Church of the Nazarene, Episcopal and
Seventh Day Adventist.

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