f INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANTAGES
Table of Contents
Part A---Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B---General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail Market 3
4. Manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3
1. Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data 4
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Power 4
4. Fuel 4
5. Sewage'and Waste Disposal 5
6. Water Supply 5
7. Communications Facilities 5
8. Educational Facilities 5
9. Health Facilities 6
10. Recreational Facilities 6
11. Police Protection 6
12. Fire Protection 6
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 6
16. Retail Facilities 7
17. Wholesale Facilities 7
18. Housing Conditions 7
19. Hotels and Restaurants 7
20. Newspapers 7
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 7
22. Civic Organizations 7
23. Churches 7
DE SOTO COUNTY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
Revised: Tallahassee, Florida
Part A---Natural Resources
Location: Arcadia is in South Florida, 85 miles southeast of Tampa and 176
miles northwest of Miami.
Chief topographical features: Flat. Peace River runs through west side of
city. Elevation at center of city, 60 feet,
(Based on U. S. Weather Bureau records for a 41-year period.)
Annual January April July October
Normal temperature 72.8 63.0 72.1 81.6 75.1
Normal rainfall 50.16 2.19 2.19 7.64 3.79
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 4;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December 18; average length of
growing season, 317 days.
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: Longleaf pine, cypress and sweet gum are available throughout the
county. D. H. George, E. M. McIver, J. L. Newton and G. M. Rodgers operate
Minerals: Sand aggregate is available one mile from town. Road building
clay is available three to ten miles from town. Pebble rock phosphate was
formerly produced along the Peace River. The supply is not believed to be
Agricultural products: Citrus is the principal agricultural product.
Approximately 1,500,000 boxes are produced in the county each year. About
500 acres are planted in general truck crops.
Other: (Yearly average) Range cattle, 40,000 head; hogs, 3,000 head; dairy
cattle, 300 head; milk, 219,000 gallons; cream, 325 gallons; chickens,
50,000; eggs, 104,000 dozen.
Part B---General Economy
Est. 1949* 1945 1940935 1930
County total 6,045 6,854 7,792 8,170 7,745
City total 4,075 4,456 4,055 4,077 4,082
Negroes in county 1,025 1,437 1,593 1,492 1,497
Negroes in city 892 1,161 --- 1,142 ---
*Local estimates, based on city and county records.
Predominant nationalities: Native-born white, Negro.
Unions: International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers represents electri-
cal workers employed by Florida Power and Light Company and Inter-County
Telephone Company. The Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners has a local
Female employment: Approximately 30% of total employment is female. Approx-
imately 1,000 women are employed in industries during the citrus packing
and canning season.
2. Labor (cont'd)
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled male, 650; unskilled female, 550;
skilled male, $1.25. No women are employed in skilled trades. There is
no differential in the wages of white and Negro workers of equal skill.
3. Retail Market
General: Arcadia is the retail trade center for DeSoto County.
1948 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $4,015.*
1948 Estimated total retail sales in county, $5,744,000.*
1948 Estimated retail food store sales in county, $1,454,000.*
1948 Estimated general merchandise store sales in county, $228,000.*
1948 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $171,000.*
*Copyright 1949, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further repro-
duction not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries
General: Number of manufacturing establishments, 9; total manufacturing
Principal manufacturing industries: Arcadia Novelty Works, jellies, jams,
marmalades; Bishop Manufacturing Company, power movers, lawn sprinklers;
Christ Building Supply, doors, sashes, cabinet work; City Ice and Fuel
Company, ice; Coca-Cola Bottling borks, carbonated beverages; DeSoto Canning
Company, canned citrus juice, jellies; DeSoto Chemical Company, roach hives;
Gar-Park Cattle Squeeze, cattle brakes; Nocatee Crate Company, fruit and
vegetable containers; D. H. George Lumber Company, lumber supplies.
5. General Remarks on Economy
Arcadia has a prosperous, diversified economy.
Officials: Mayor, S. C. Smith; City Recorder, C. E. Gibson; City Attorney,
Special departments: The city has an active building inspector, electrical
inspector, plumbing inspector, street and sanitary department and water
Zoning: City has a zoning ordinance in effect.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 14 mills, debt service, 26 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 18 mills; debt
service, 21 mills.
City basis of assessment: 100% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $1,792,000.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: $10 $25.
City utility tax: 10%.
Other major city taxes: Garbage collection fee, $1 per month.
2. Finances (cont'd)
Current county tax rate: Operations, 23.0 mills; debt service, 0.7 mills.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 20.79 mills; debt
service, 1.31 mills.
Special district: Property within the city is subject to special district
taxes of 33j mills.
Bonded debt: City, $1,381,000; county, $845,000.
Other long-term obligations: City, $29,000 (water revenue certificates);
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data
Maps: City street, trunk water main, trunk sewer and zoning maps are avail-
able at the city office. Power distribution system map is available at
Florida Power and Light Company office.
Reports: Booklet on city and county is distributed by Chamber of Commerce.
2. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: Arcadia is on main lines of both the Seaboard Air Line Railroad
and the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. Both railroads have daily passenger
and freight service. Pick-up and delivery service is available for less
than carload freight.
Express: Railway Express Agency, Inc., provides rail express service.
Direct air express service is not available. Free pick-up and delivery
service is available for express.
Highway: U. S. Highway 17 and Florida Highways 31, 70 and 72 pass through
Local bus service: None.
Intercity bus service: Tamiami Trailways has eight buses daily through
Intercity trucking facilities: Tamiami Trail Tours provides statewide
trucking service. All cities in Florida east of Tallahassee can be reached
by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Arcadia Municipal Airport is l miles from town. It has 3,750 square
feet of hangar space and five runways, the longest of which is 3,300 feet.
The field is open to private planes. Charter cross-country flights are
available. Scheduled commercial air transportation is not available.
General: Arcadia is served by the interconnected system of Florida Power
and Light Company. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's
Coal: Coal is not used in this section, except by railroads.
Gas: Neither artificial nor natural gas is available.
4. Fuel (cont'd)
Bottled gas: Davis Hardware Company distributes propane rated at 98,000
B.t.u. per gallon. Delivered cost is $10 per 100 pounds. Green's Fuel
Company distributes butane rated at 102,000 B.t.u. per gallon. Delivered
cost is 300 per gallon for first 10 gallons, 280 per gallon for next 50
gallons, and 220 per. gallon for all over 60 gallons.
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewage: Both storm and sanitary sewers empty into Peace River. Sewage is
Industrial waste disposal: Industries use private dump grounds to dispose
of waste. City does not have an ordinance on industrial waste disposal.
Garbage: Garbage is collected daily in business section and twice weekly
in residential section.
6. Water Supply
Source: Stream and wells. Present source is considered adequate for
Treatment: Ammoniation, aeration, coagulation, sedimentation, chlorination,
filtration, mixed, softened and treated to reduce taste and odor.
Consumption: 900,000 gallons per day.
Pumping capacity: 1,000,000 gallons per day.
Chemical analysis: Chemical analysis is not available.
Per 100Q Gallons
4,000 gallons or less (minimum charge), $2.20.............
Over 4,000 and up to 10,000 gallons....................... $.30
Over 10,000 and up to 50,000 gallons...................... .25
Over 50,000 and up to 300,000 gallons..................... .20
Over 300,000 gallons.................................. .15
7. Communications Facilities
Telephone service: Inter-County Telephone and Telegraph Company operates
a manual exchange.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8:30 a.m. to noon and
1 to 5:30 p.m. on weekdays and 9 to 11 a.m. and 3:30 to 5:30 p.m. on Sundays
and holidays. Service through Koch's Drug Store until 8:30 p.m. daily.
8. Educational Facilities
Number of schools 2 1
Present enrollment 679 278
Present capacity 800 400
Number of schools 1 1
Present enrollment 275 75
Present capacity 400 150
8. Educational Facilities (cont'd)
*Grades 1-8 are classified as elementary and grades 9-12 are classified
as high school.
Vocational training for white students: Shorthand, typing, bookkeeping,
home economics and industrial arts.
Vocational training for Negro students: Home economics.
Library: Woman's Club Library, 6,800 volumes.
9. Health Facilities
City health department: Staff of one doctor. Assists with district clinic
of State Board of Health.
County health department: Staff of one doctor, one sanitary officer, one
nurse, and one secretary. Assists with district clinic of State Board of
Hospital: Arcadia General Hospital, a private general hospital, has 27 beds.
10. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: Municipal Park has tennis and shuffleboard courts.
Athletic fields: Municipal Athletic Field has baseball diamond and football
Other: Recreational Youth Center Building, lighted softball diamond and
11. Police Protection
City: Force consists of four policemen. City has one police car, without
radio equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained
at night. City jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
County: Sheriff's office, with staff of three persons, provides protection
outside city. County jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
12. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of one full-time and 12 volunteer firemen. City has
two engines and one station.
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 2; NBFU, Class 7.
County: No fire protection is available outside city.
13. City Streets
Mileage: Total, 32 miles; paved, 16 miles; gravelled, 0.
General: Clay base with asphalt top is the principal type of surfacing
used. 100% of the streets are curbed and about 80% have sidewalks. About
12 miles of streets should be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the
next five years.
14. Banking Facilities
General: DeSoto National Bank of Arcadia, total resources, $3,741,868.
15. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 4; architects, 0; land surveyors, 1;
general machine shops, 2; machine repair facilities, 2; foundries, 0;
automotive repair facilities, 8; consulting engineers, 0.
16. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 5; department stores, 0; grocery
stores, 15; drug stores, 3.
Parking: City has 140 parking meters and no parking lots.
Vacant stores: There were 2 vacant stores in the business district at
the time of this survey.
17. Wholesale Facilities
General: Arcadia is the wholesale distribution center for this area.
Special markets are operated for the sale of livestock and citrus. Com-
mercial cold storage, commercial freezing and public warehousing facilities
are not available.
Deficiencies: A wholesale meat processing plant and a wholesale grocery
business are needed.
18. Housing Conditions
General: Some apartments are available but more are needed. Additional
homes are also needed.
19. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 3; rooms, 150.
Restaurants: Number, 6; seating capacity, 300.
Weekly: The Arcadian, circulation, 2,000.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: Number, 2.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 3.
22. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: DeSoto County Chamber of Commerce,
H. A. Riidiger; Kiwanis, Charles Hill; Rotary, George Leitner.
All principal denominations except Hebrew are represented.