INVENTORY OF INDUSTRIAL ADVANTAGES
Table of Contents
MAR 49 Page
Part A---Natural Resources
1. Geography 2
2. Climate 2
3. Local Raw Materials 2
Part B---General Economy
1. Population 2
2. Labor 2
3. Retail market 2
4. manufacturing Industries 3
5. General Remarks on Economy 3
1, Administration 3
2. Finances 3
Part D---Community Facilities
1. Available Data 3
2. Transportation Facilities 4
3. Po-ver 4
4. Fuel 4
5. Sewage and Waste Disposal L
6. Water Supply
7, Communications Facilities
8. Educational Facilities
9. Health Facilities 5
10. Recreational Facilities 5
11. Police Protection 5
12. Fire Protection 5
13. City Streets 6
14. Banking Facilities 6
15. Construction and Service Facilities 6
16. Retail Facilities 6
17. Wholesale Facilities 6
18. Housing Conditions 6
19. Hotels and Restaurants 6
20. Newspapers 6
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners 6
22. Civic Organizations 6
23. Churches 6
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
FLORIDA POWER CORPORATION
101 Fifth Street South
Saint Petersburg 1, Florida
FLORIDA STATE ADVERTISING COMMISSION
Revised: 311 North Calhoun Street
June/48 Tallahassee, Florida
Part A--Natural Resources
Location: Apopka is in Central Florida, eight miles from Orlando. It is on
Chief topographical features: Hilly. Elevation, 120 to 150 feet.
(From observations at Orlando, Florida.)
Annual January April July October
Normal temperature 71.9 60.7 71.1 81.9 74,0
Normal rainfall 52.35 2.45 2.55 8.15 4.61
Growing season: Usual date of last killing frost in spring, February 3;
usual date of first killing frost in fall, December 14; average length of
growing season, 314 days.
3. Local Raw Materials
Timber: Most timber is now hauled 20 to 30 miles, Consumers Lumber and
Veneer Company manufactures orange crates and vegetable containers.
Agricultural products: Citrus and celery are the principal agricultural
Other: Ferns are grown in commercial quantities.
Part B---General Economy
Est. 19A8 1L 9 190 1932 1930
County total 91,900 86,782 70,074 58,184 49,737
City total 1,350 1,252 1,312 1,450 1,134
Negroes in county -- 19,832 16,940 13,731 12,226
Negroes in city 244 --- 381 --
Predominant nationality: Native-born white.
Unions: Consumers Lumber and Veneer Company workers are members of a C.I.O.
Female employment: Approximately 30% of the total employment is female.
About 150 women are employed in manufacturing industries.
Approximate hourly wages: Unskilled white male, 750; unskilled Negro male,
750; unskilled white female, 650; unskilled Negro female, 500; skilled white
male, $1.25 to $1.75; skilled Negro male, $1.25; skilled white female, $1;
skilled Negro female, $1.
General: Majority of labor is employed on a seasonal basis. Many Negroes
live outside city limits and are not included in population (Part B, Section
1). Negro male population of city and immediate vicinity is estimated at 400
3. Retail Market
General: Apopka is the retail trade center for Piedmont, Plymouth and Zell-
3. Retail Market (Cont.)
1947 Effective Buying Income per family in county, $4,072.*
1947 Estimated total retail sales in county, $105,629,000.*
1947 Estimated retail food stores dales in county, $19,779,000.*
1947 Estimated retail general merchandise store sales in county, $14,759,000.*
1947 Estimated retail drug store sales in county, $3,852,000.*
*Copyright 1948, SALES MANAGEMENT Survey of Buying Power. Further reproduc-
tion not licensed.
4. Manufacturing Industries
Principal manufacturing industries: Consumers Lumber and Veneer Company,
crates and baskets; Stauffer Chemical Company, insecticides; Vacuum Foods,
citrus products; Plymouth Citrus, citrus products.
5. General Remarks on Economy
General: Apopka is primarily a residential section. It is the school center
for the northwestern portion of Orange County and is the center of a large
citrus producing area. It serves as the residential and business section for
Plymouth, four miles away, where Plymouth Citrus Growers Association and
Vacuum Foods, Inc., have large plants.
Officials: Mayor, Dr. C, H. Damsel; City Attorney, Troy C. Musselwhite.
Special departments: City has an active street department.
Zoning: City does not have a zoning ordinance in effect, but hopes to adopt
one during 1949.
Current city tax rate: Operations, 16 mills; debt service, 5 mills.
Average city tax rate for last five years: Operations, 16 mills; debt
service, 5 mills.
City basis of assessment: 60% of actual value.
Total assessed value of real property in city: $1,167,795.
City license tax on manufacturing plant: $5.
City utility tax: 10% ($5 maximum on any one utility).
Other major city taxes: None.
Current county tax rate: Operations, 25 mills; debt service, 2 mills.
Average county tax rate for last five years: Operations, 20 mills; debt
service, 3 mills.
Bonded debt: City, $61,000; county, $7,006,500.
Part C---Community Facilities
1. Available Data
Maps: City street, trunk water main and pover distribution system maps are
2. Transportation Facilities
Railroad: Apopka is served by an Atlantic Coast Line branch line with two
freight trains daily and a Seaboard Air Line branch line with one freight
train daily. Pick-up and delivery of less than carload freight is not
Express: Railway Etpress Agency, Inc., provides rail express service. Air
express service is available from Orlando. Free pick-up and delivery of
express is not available.
Highway: U. S. Highway 441 and Florida Highway 436 pass through Apopka.
Local bus service: None.
Intercity bus service: Orlando Transit Company has six buses daily to
Orlando. Greyhound Lines operates four buses daily through Apopka.
Intercity trucking facilities: Central Truck Lines provides service to all
sections of Florida. Atlanta, Jacksonville, Tampa and Tallahassee are among
the principal cities that can be reached by an overnight truck haul.
Air: Ryan Municipal Field, 1- miles from town, is the nearest airport.
Hangar space is available. Field has one 2,800 foot runway. Field is open to
private planes. Charter cross country flights are available. The following
scheduled commercial air transportation is available from Orlando Municipal
Company Number of Flights Daily
National Airlines 4
Eastern Air Lines 14
Florida Airways 12
General: Florida Power Corporation owns and operates the generating and dis-
tributing systems. Copies of rate schedules can be obtained at the company's
Coal: Coal is not used in this section.
Gas: Neither artificial nor natural gas is available.
Bottled gas: Green's Fuel, Natural Gas, Protane Bottle Gas and Vapo Gas of
Florida, Inc., distribute butane and propane. Delivered cost is approximately
300 per gallon.
Other: Number 1 and Number 2 fuel oils are available from Standard and Gulf
5, Sewage and Waste Disposal
Sewage: Storm sewers are installed. City has no sanitary sewerage system
but a system is planned and surveys have been completed.
Industrial waste disposal: Local industries use septic tanks for waste dis-
posal. City has no ordinance on industrial waste disposal.
Garbage: Garbage is collected twice weekly.
6. Water Supply
Source: Artesian well. Present source is considered adequate for expansion.
7. Communications Facilities
Telephone service: Florida Telephone Corporation operates a dial exchange.
Telegraph service: Western Union has office hours of 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. on
week-days. The office is closed on Sundays and holidays.
8. Educational Facilities
Elementary Junior High High
Number of schools 1 1 1
Present enrollment 431 174 91
Present capacity 251 175 100
Number of schools 1 0 0
Present enrollment 350 -
Present capacity 200 -
Vocational training for white students: All types of vocational training are
available at Orange County Vocational School, Orlando,
Vocational training for Negro students: None.
9. Health Facilities
City health department: Staff of one nurse. Does not operate a clinic.
County health department: Staff of two doctors and seven nurses. Operates a
Hospitals: There is no hospital in Apopka. Orange General Hospital, a 263-
bed general hospital in Orlando, serves the area.
10. Recreational Facilities
Public parks: William Edwards Field and Apopka school grounds. A gymnasium
and children's playground equipment are available at the school grounds.
Athletic fields: William Edwards Field has a concrete grandstand, locker
rooms, showers, a ball diamond and a football field.
Other: A municipal bathing beach is maintained at Dream Lake.
11. Police Protection
City: Force consists of three policemen. .City has one police car, with radio
equipment. Patrolmen are uniformed. Regular beats are maintained at night.
City jail is not approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
County: City police provide police protection only on city property outside
the city limits. Sheriff's office provides protection in other sections.
County jail is approved for quartering Federal prisoners.
12. Fire Protection
City: Force consists of 20 volunteer firemen. City has one engine and one
Insurance rating: SEAU, Class 3; NBFU, Class 9.
County: City fire department answers calls outside the city limits. Also,
there is a forest fire station mile from town.
13. City Streets
Mileage: Total, 11 miles; paved, 7 miles; clay, 2 miles.
General: Brick is the principal type of surfacing used. About 50% of the
streets are curbed and about 20% have sidewalks. None of the streets need to
be rebuilt or extensively repaired during the next five years.
14. Banking Facilities
General: State Bank of Apopka, total resources, $2,600,000.
15. Construction and Service Facilities
Type and number: General contractors, 2; architects, 0; land surveyors, 0;
general machine shops, 1; machine repair facilities, 1; foundries, 0; auto-
motive repair facilities, 3; consulting engineers, 0. Services not available
here are available in Orlando.
16. Retail Facilities
Type and number: Dry goods stores, 3; department stores, 0; grocery stores,
12; drug stores, 2.
Parking: City has no parking meters and no parking lots.
Vacant stores: There were no vacant stores in the business district at the
time of this survey.
Deficiencies: A department store is needed.
17. Wholesale Facilities
General. Apopka is not considered a wholesale distribution center. Commercial
cold storage facilities are available and adequate for present needs. Commer-
cial freezing and public warehousing facilities are not available.
18. Housing Conditions
General: There is an acute housing shortage.
19. Hotels and Restaurants
Hotels: Number, 2; rooms, 54.
Restaurants: Number, 3; seating capacity, 125.
Weekly: West Orange News, circulation, 900.
21. Laundries and Dry Cleaners
Commercial laundries: Number, 1.
Commercial dry cleaners: Number, 1.
22. Civic Organizations
Organization and name of president: Rotary, R. G.
Commerce, C. Jack Camp; Lions, Curtis L. Clements.
Pittman, Jr.; Chamber of
Denomination: Methodist, Baptist, Episcopal, Presbyterian,
Church of Christ.
Church of God, and