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The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.
Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
S- AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CEiTER
IFAS, University of Florida
Route 1 Box 2G
Immokalee ARC Research Report M182-3
PEPPER VARIETY TRIAL RESULTS SPRING 1982
Paul H. Everett and Karen A. Armbresterl
A replicated field trial was conducted at the Agricultural Research Center,
Immokalee, Florida, during the spring season (Jan. May) of 1982 to evaluate
the performance of ten pepper cultivars and/or breeding lines. Table 1 is a
list of entries and corresponding seed sources used in this trial.
Entries and Seed Sources
breeding line Seed Source
Early Calwonder Asgrow Seed Company
Big Bertha Peto Seed Company
PSR 3475 Peto Seed Company
Gator Belle .i Peto Seed Company
Citadel Peto Seed Company
LiCX 4012 loran Seeds, Inc.
1IOX 4013 oran Seeds, Inc.
Skipper Asgrow Seed Company
Shamrock Asgrow Seed Company
Sharina Asgrow Seed Company
All entries were seeded into Speedling trays (1i inch square cells) on
December 16, 1981, and were transplanted to field plots on January 26, 1932.
Field plots were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three
replications. Each plot consisted of 24 plants in a double row with 10 inches
between plants and 12 inches between rows on raised plant beds spaced 6 feet on
centers. Plant beds were irrigated with an open ditch seep system with lateral
ditches spaced 40 feet apart. Reported yields are based on 7,260 linear bed
feet per acre. On Jan. 25, all plots were fertilized with 5-3-3-1.3 + micro-
nutrients at 6.9 lb/100 linear bed feet and 13-0-25 at 13.8 lb/100 linear bed
feet. The 5-3-8-1.8 fertilizer was spread in a 30 inch band on a pre-bed then
bedded over to a depth of 4 inches. The 13-0-25 fertilizer was banded on each
stioulder of the finished bed 9 inches from the plant rows. The finished bed was
then mulched with black plastic film. Fungicides were applied on a 5-7 day
schedule and insecticides were applied on a need basis. Diseases or insects were
not a serious problem in this test. Fruit were harvested on April 13, Hay 3, and
May 18, 1932. At each harvest fruit were counted, weighed and graded into
marketable or cull fruit.
Professor and Biologist, respectively, IFAS, University of Florida,
Agricultural Research Center, Immokalee, FL 33934
The general weather conditions during this trial are given in Table 2.
Table 2 Temperatures and Rainfall During Growing Season
Table 3 shows the yields for each of the 10 entries. First harvest yields
were higher for 'Gator Belle', PSR 3475, 'Skipper' and 'Big Bertha'. The lowest
first harvest yield was with IOX 4013. Second harvest yields from 'Gator Belle'
and PSR 3475 were higher than yields from other entries at the second harvest.
With 'Gator Belle', third harvest yield was slightly higher than second harvest
yield and was significantly higher than the third harvest yield from the other
entries. For total yield 'Gator Belle' was significantly better than all other
entries, followed by PSR 3475, 'Big Bertha' and 'Skipper'.
Average weight of fruit (Table 4) held up well over three harvests for
PSR 3475, 'Gator Belle', 'Big Bertha' and 'Skipper'. The percent fruit with 3 or
4 lobes is also shown in Table 4. 'Citadel' had the highest percent fruit with
4 lobes, but it was considered too flat with overall poor fruit shape. Although
'Gator Belle' had a high ratio of 3 to 4 lobe fruit, it graded high with respect
to overall appearance.
Table 5 gives a few comments on each entry concerning overall fruit shape,
appearance and length to diameter ratio at the first harvest.
In summary, the most promising entries in this trial included 'Gator Belle',
'Skipper' and PSR 3475.
Table 3. Marketable Yields for 10 Bell Pepper Cultivars or Breeding Lines
Cultivar or Harvest
breeding line 1ST 21D 3RD Total
------------------25 lb bu/Acrel-----------------
Early Calwonder 1185bcd2 497c 163c 1845cd
Big Bertha 1286abc 581c 412bc 2279bc
PSR 3475 1350ab 842a 398bc 2590b
Gator Belle 1426a 810ab 860a 3096a
Citadel 1016d 621bc 256bc 1893cd
NCX 4012 1048d 485c 351bc 1884cd
MOX4013 S36e 581c 337bc 1754d
Skipper 1310abc 502c 456b 2268bc
Shamrock 1162cd 517c 325bc 2004cd
Sharina 1109d 587c 363bc 2059cd
IBased on 7,260 linear bed feet/acre
2Hlean separation by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level
Table 4. Average weight of fruit, number of fruit/bushel and number
of lobes/fruit, for 10 pepper cultivars or breeding line
Average Wt./fruit No. fruit/25 Ib bu
Cultivar or Harvest Harvest Lobes1
breeding line 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd 4 3
Early Calwonder 5.7abc2 4.5bcd 4.1bc 70 89 98 43 52
big Bertha 5.9ab 4.8bc 4.6ab 68 83 87 53 44
PSR 3475 6.0 5.6a 5.0a 67 71 80 56 44
Gator Belle 6.1a 4.9bc 4.5ab 66 82 89 38 60
Citadel 4.7d 4.1d 3.9bc 85 98 103 69 31
NCX 4012 5.1bcd 5.1ab 4.0bc 78 78 100 36 61
liOA 4013 4.5d 4.0d 3.5c 89 100 114 59 41
Skipper 5.1bcd 4.6bcd 4.5ab 78 87 89 55 44
Shamrock 4.8cd 4.1d 4.1bc 83 98 98 64 35
Sharina 4.9cd 4.3cd 4.2bc 82 93 95 64 34
1lst harvest only
2Iean Separation by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level
Table 5. Annotation
Early Calwonder Standard variety. Blocky, mostly 3 or 4 lobed with length to
diameter ratio of 1.01.
Big Bertha Hybrid. Not blocky. Large fruit, mostly 3 and 4 lobed but long
and tapering. Length to diameter ratio of 1.51. Fruit walls tended to be
PSR 3475 Experimental hybrid. Not blocky. Large fruit, mostly 3 and 4 lobed.
iot as long and tapering as Big Bertha. Length to diameter ratio of 1.29. Fruit
sized well at second and third harvests.
Gator Belle Hybrid. Blocky. Large fruit, mostly 3 and 4 lobed, but heavier
toward 3 lobed. Length to diameter ratio of 1.05. Very high yielder, with third
harvest equal to second harvest. Rated best in trial.
Citadel Hybrid. Hedium to small fruit that tended toward flatness, with a
length to diameter ratio of 0.35. Rated poorest in trial, due mainly to fruit
HCX 4012 Experimental hybrid. Blocky. Medium size fruit, mostly 3 and 4 lobed,
but heavier toward 3 lobes. Length to diameter ratio of 1.10. Fruit somewhat
irregular in shape. Slow to flower 33% of plants with open bloom 33 days after
transplanting. Other entries ranged from 80-100%.
iOX 4013 Experimental hybrid. Blocky. Medium to small fruit, mostly 3 and 4
lobed, with length to diameter ratio of 1.12. Lowest yielder and smallest fruit
Skipper Hybrid. Blocky. Medium size fruit, mostly 3 and 4 lobed, with length
to diameter ratio of 1.09. Good yielder.
Shamrock -- Hybrid. Blocky. Medium to small fruit, mostly 3 and 4 lobed, but
heavier toward 4 lobed. Length to diameter ratio 1.11.
Sharina Hybrid. Blocky. Medium to small fruit, mostly 3 and 4 lobed, but
heavier toward 4 lobed. Length to diameter ratio 1.07. Very similar to Shamrock.