Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Post it
 In memoriam
 From Pakistan to UF
 Gene therapy trial for blindne...
 Sex education
 Research briefs
 Sirus' surgery
 T-shirts for charity
 Building diversity at UF
 Fighting TB in churches
 Grants & gifts
 Health-care heroes
 In memoriam
 Taking the scenic route
 Back Cover


The Post
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073869/00036
 Material Information
Title: The Post
Uniform Title: Post (Gainesville, Fla. 2001)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Health Science Center
University of Florida -- Health Science Center. -- Office of Public Information
Publisher: HSC Office of Public Information
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: December 2007
Publication Date: 2001-
Frequency: biweekly
Subjects / Keywords: Health occupations schools -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Statement of Responsibility: The University of Florida Health Science Center.
Dates or Sequential Designation: July 27, 2001-
General Note: Title from caption.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 47826372
lccn - 2001229452
System ID: UF00073869:00036
 Related Items
Preceded by: Friday evening post (1989)


This item has the following downloads:

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
    Post it
        Page 3
    In memoriam
        Page 4
        Page 5
    From Pakistan to UF
        Page 6
    Gene therapy trial for blindness
        Page 7
    Sex education
        Page 8
    Research briefs
        Page 9
    Sirus' surgery
        Page 10
    T-shirts for charity
        Page 11
    Building diversity at UF
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Fighting TB in churches
        Page 16
    Grants & gifts
        Page 17
    Health-care heroes
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    In memoriam
        Page 21
        Page 22
    Taking the scenic route
        Page 23
    Back Cover
        Page 24
Full Text




On the Cover Table of Contents

HSC leaders hope to build a more diverse faculty 0 POST-it
and student body. Photo by Sarah Kiewel. 0 In memorial: Dr. J. Robert Cade
0 Patient care: From Pakistan to UF
0 Research: Gene therapy trial for blindness
Research: Sex education
Patient care: Sirus' surgery
m Extraordinary person: T-shirts for charity
Cover story: Building diversity at UF
Research: Fighting TB in churches
Jacksonville: Health-care heroes
l Distinctions
Profile: Taking the scenic route

4 a




The College of Public Health and Health
Professions will celebrate its 50th anniversary in
2008. When the college opened it was the first of
its kind located within a health center and it
became a prototype for health professions
education. The college's impressive beginnings
are largely credited to founding dean Darrel
Mase, Ph.D., (right) who served as dean from
1958 to 1971.

2 | U U Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events.



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Click. Send. Repeat. Click. Send. Repeat. That's about as in-depth as most
of us wantto get with a wireless network. Luckily, there's a branch of the
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need a network or have other connection woes, don't despair, just call the
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352-273-5300orcontactyour designated IT person.


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A little glucose,

a little sodium, one

Saying goodbye to the man whose

invention put UF on the map

By April Frawley Birdwell

h ey gathered in the basement
lab, Dr. J. Robert Cade and the
Three research fellows. It was
nighttime, and the four scientists
worked quickly, mixing the sodium
and glucose.

According to Cade's calculations, the basement-brewed
concoction would restore electrolytes the body loses
during sports and exercise. Naming the drink was easy -
they called it Gatorade. Tasting it was not.
"We clinked our glasses together, took a swallow and we
all got nauseated," Cade said in 2005 of the first batch of
Gatorade. "My fellows were standing right by the sink and
they spit in there. I swallowed mine and vomited.
"We went over to the Thirsty Gator, which was the local
watering hole at the time, and got a pitcher of beer. If you
ever have nausea from drinking glucose and salt water,
beer is the perfect cure for it. It just takes one glass. We
drank a whole pitcher."
Cade, who passed away Nov. 27 at the age of 80, liked to
tell stories like these. He had a sense of humor, a quirky one
at that, friends and colleagues say of the man who led the
team that invented Gatorade and whose research,
philanthropy and leadership helped countless people during
his more than 40 years at the UF College of Medicine.
"Today, with his passing, the University of Florida lost a
legend, lost one of its best friends and lost a creative
genius," said Edward Block, M.D., chairman of the
department of medicine in the College of Medicine, on
Nov. 27. "Losing any one of those is huge. When you lose
all three in one person, it's something you cannot recoup."
Gatorade obviously worked out for Cade, his fellows and
the university. But the sports drink was just one of many
inventions brewed in Cade's lab. His imagination worked
sort of like Pandora's box. Once opened, the ideas never
stopped coming. He invented a nutritional ice pop for sick
children, a high-protein milk drink called Gator Go!, a
hydraulic football helmet, a round shoe polish can and a
beer called Hop'n Gator, which was on the market for
about 10 years. An old newspaper article describes how he
tested the durability of the hydraulic helmet he invented
by hitting an assistant in the head. She was wearing the
helmet, and it, of course, worked brilliantly.
A nephrologist, he also studied and treated kidney
diseases and spent years studying the use of dialysis as a
cure for schizophrenia as well as the links between diet
and autism in children.
"He continued to do research until he was 79," said
Richard Johnson, M.D., the J. Robert Cade professor of
nephrology and division chief of nephrology. "I had the
pleasure of writing a paper with him a few years ago.
"He thought outside of the box. He was a maverick in
his time."
A native of San Antonio, Texas, Cade attended medical
school at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical
School. He came to UF in 1961 as an assistant professor for
the College of Medicine's renal division. He was UF's first
kidney specialist and one of the university's first true
clinical and translational researchers, said Bruce Kone,

4 | U U Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events.


M.D., dean of the UF College of Medicine.
"He had a wide range of research interests," Kone said.
"He was a very creative scientist. He was the perfect blend
of imagination and practicality."
Cade and the research fellows working in his lab began
experimenting with Gatorade in 1965. They wanted to
create a drink that would help keep UF football players
hydrated on the field. The mixture of glucose and sodium
formed the perfect combination to increase the body's
ability to absorb liquids.
But there was still the problem of taste, something that had
to be resolved before they could test it on the team. Cade's
wife, Mary, suggested they add lemon juice to the mix.
"We got lemon squeezers' cramp after five lemons," Cade
joked in 2005. "We liked the taste of it though no one else did.
Then we made it sweet and we thought it tasted very good."
After a sports reporter exposed how the invention was
helping the football team with the headline, "One Lil' Swig
of That Kickapoo Juice and Biff, Barn, Sock It's Gators,
8-2," Gatorade was no longer a secret.
"Never in a million years did we think much was going
to happen with it," said Jim Free, M.D., one of the fellows
who co-invented Gatorade with Cade. "We were just doing
this to help the Gator team."
Gatorade bred a multibillion-dollar sports drink
industry and has brought in more than $150 million in
royalties to UF since its invention 40 years ago. The money
has funded numerous projects and programs in the UF
College of Medicine. Cade also used some of his share of
the royalties to fund scholarships and an endowed chair in
the college.
"Without that funding, the College of Medicine would
not be where it stands today," Kone said.
Despite Gatorade's success on the football field, Cade
often said he was more proud of its success in homes and
doctors' offices, particularly that it has helped sick children
stay hydrated.
"(After it became public) we started getting letters from
mothers asking if we thought it would help with their
children," Cade said.
Cade is known for Gatorade, but former students
remember him a little differently as a good teacher and a
researcher who took on any problem that intrigued him,
whether it had to do with medicine or not.
In 1980, he received the Hippocratic Award, the highest
honor a graduating medical class bestows on one of its
teachers each year.
"I feel fortunate to have been with Dr. Cade," Free said.
"If you needed anything, he was always there and willing to
do it."
Block also describes Cade a man who collected
Studebakers, quoted Wordsworth and Tennyson and doted
on his six children and numerous grandchildren as a
role model for how to behave like a gentleman.
"We talk about the Gator Nation, Gatorade put the Gator
Nation on the map," Block said. "Everybody knows who we
are because of that."
Dr. Cade is survived by his wife, Mary Strasburger Cade,
of Gainesville; two sons, Michael, of Texas and Stephen, of
Gainesville; four daughters, Martha, of Gainesville, Celia
Cade Johnson, of Oregon, Emily Morrison, of Boston, and
Phoebe Miles, of Washington, D.C.; 20 grandchildren; and
eight great-grandchildren. O



UF celebrates

invention of Gatorade

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historian, to a crowd gathered in front of
the Stephen C. O'Connell Center in
November. "Our faculty and staff truly
believed Gatorade was a magic elixir."
Two weeks before Dr. J. Robert Cade
passed away, UF unveiled its first
historical marker, a plaque celebrating
the invention of Gatorade at UF more
than 40 years ago. Sitting in his

Dr. Robert Cade, who led the College of
Medicine team that invented Gatorade, was
honored Nov. 16 at the dedication of a
historical marker celebrating the creation of the
sports drink. Dr. Cade is pictured in the
wheelchair at right.

wheelchair, Cade listened as UF leaders and others regaled the crowd with tales about the drink he
and three research fellows invented in a lab more than 40 years ago.
"Who would have thought that an assistant professor and three research fellows would create
something which will soon be a $400 billion product worldwide?" said Jim Free, M.D., who co-
invented the drink along with Cade, Dana Shires, M.D., and A.M. de Quesada, M.D.
Aside from being the first, Gatorade is unlike any other sports drink on the market, said Winfred
Phillips, UF's vice president for research.
"Buckeye juice didn't have it," he joked to the crowd.
Cade's team realized the need for a product like Gatorade when it was brought to their attention back
in 1965 how the Florida heat was taking a serious toll on the UF football team. They asked then-coach
Ray Graves if they could use some of his players for research purposes, and he agreed to let them use
the freshmen, saying that if it would help the Gators win football games, he would allow it.
In return for their time, Free says players were awarded free dinners at General Gaines
Steakhouse, where Free joked they probably each ordered enough for two people.
Gatorade got its name when Free put a sign on the door of Cade's lab reading, "Dr. Cade's lab,
home of Gatorade handmade by licensed physicians." The name stuck, and Free loves the fact that
"Gator" is everywhere because of the drink.
Dr. Bruce Kone, dean of the College of Medicine, said Cade is known not only for his research
contributions, but also for his large heart. Among other things, Cade has endowed two professorships
and a number of lectureships at UF.
"I'm enormously grateful to the Cades," Kone said.
After everyone had spoken, the Gatorade marker was unveiled. Cade, in a maroon beret cocked to
the side, sat quietly beside it in his wheelchair as photos were snapped. His wife, Mary, stood beside
him, smiling for the cameras.
After the pictures were taken, Cade sipped orange Gatorade his favorite flavor. His wife's best
friend, Toni Boccardy, who has known the Cades for 20 years, handed him a chocolate chip cookie.
"Were you happy, Bob?" Boccardy asked.
Cade smiled and shook his head yes. 0

Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events. U I U U3 J 5

A world away -

Fund helps family travel from Pakistan to UF for care

n;.. -. --,

Noreen Naveed and her son, Taha, 4, traveled from Pakistan to UF this fall to see
Dr. David Weinstein, a UF pediatric endocrinologist and expert on glycogen storage
disease. Taha has a form of the disease.

By April Frawley Birdwell

N oreen Naveed kept three alarms by

her bed. Every two hours, day or

night, they rang. She's lived this way

since her 4-year-old son, Taha, was a baby.

"If I don't get up, Taha has seizures," Naveed said, glancing at her
son scampering across the room in his Spiderman sneakers. "He's had
20 seizures."
Her husband lost jobs. His employers didn't understand their son's
health problems and why he needed to leave work to go to the hospital.
Taha couldn't go to school, either. No school wanted to take
responsibility for him, Naveed said. And even worse, no doctors had
ever been able to properly diagnose or treat Taha's condition. Naveed
knew was her son had a form of glycogen storage disease, a genetic
condition that prevents those who have it from properly storing and
processing glucose, but she didn't know what type.
After e-mailing David Weinstein, M.D., a UF pediatric
endocrinologist who leads the world's largest glycogen storage disease
program, Naveed knew what she needed to do. She needed to bring
Taha to Gainesville for treatment. The question was how? Their home
in Pakistan was more than 7,000 miles away, and the family didn't have
enough to cover the costs of the trip or the treatment.
Luckily, there was Alyssa's Angel Fund. Because GSD is rare, many
doctors are not familiar with it or how to treat it, even in the United

States. But not all patients can afford to travel to UF to see Weinstein,
an expert on the disease. Established by the family of one of Weinstein's
patients, Alyssa's Angel Fund helps these families get to UF. Once the
families are here, Weinstein contributes his services for free.
"We couldn't imagine someone slipping through the cracks because
of a dollar amount," said Gayle Temkin, whose family started the fund
this year. "We gain so much from him, shouldn't other families have
that benefit?"
So far, five patients have been helped, including Taha.
"When we created the GSD program (at UF), we wanted to make
sure all children get taken care of," said Weinstein, who transferred his
practice and research program to UF from Children's Hospital Boston
in 2005. "Without this fund, these children would have suffered. Some
of them probably would have died."
With help from Alyssa's Angel Fund at UF and from the Glycogen
Storage Disease Foundation, Naveed and Taha trekked from Pakistan
to UF this fall. But Naveed had to face a few other challenges, too. She
didn't know anyone in the United States, and women in Pakistan do
not typically travel without their families or husbands, she said. Her
husband could not make the trip because his passport was delayed, so
they decided Naveed would take Taha by herself. Her family questioned
the decision, she said.
"They said you can't go," said Naveed, a former college English
instructor. "I said I'm no more a sister, I'm a mother now. I have to do
Naveed and Taha spent two days with Weinstein and his staff at UF
in November. Weinstein was able to pinpoint what type of glycogen
storage disease Taha has and figure out the best treatment.
Patients with glycogen storage disease are treated with precise doses
of cornstarch, generally mixed in with food or drink, given at specific
times during the day. Naveed was already giving Taha cornstarch, but
realized at UF that she had been giving about twice as much as what he
actually needed, causing his blood sugar to fluctuate.
"I had a lot of misunderstandings about GSD," Naveed said. "I had
no information."
She also learned more about what Taha should eat. Because of his
condition, Taha has never eaten sugar. But at UF, Naveed learned he
can have some things, such as milk.
"He doesn't know the taste of sweet," she said. "He's never had a
birthday cake."
Most of Weinstein's patients travel to Gainesville once a year for a
check-up. For patients coming to UF through Alyssa's Angel Fund,
Weinstein works with their doctors at home to make sure these patients
are staying on track.
"I feel really fortunate that this fund was created," Weinstein said.
"That's why I got into medicine, to help children. Children shouldn't
suffer because they don't have the resources."
For Naveed, who, along with her husband, spent years searching for
information and doctors for their son, the trip was the end of a long
journey. She will still have to set her alarms to give Taha his cornstarch
every four hours, but the condition seems manageable now, she said.
"Dr. Weinstein is the answer to my prayers," she said. "Many doctors
do this for prestige, but he's very dedicated and he really cares. And to
the people who started Alyssa's (Angel) Fund, I just want to say thank
you." 0

6 | 1 U l Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events.








Gene therapy trial for childhood
blindness under way

Using a model of an eye, Dr. Shalesh Kaushal describes a
medical technique used to transfer genes.

ByJohn Pastor
fr ree decades have passed since gene therapy
pioneer William W. Hauswirth, Ph.D., and his UF
colleagues began work on a virus that could
safely deliver corrective genes into living animals.
It's been six years since a multi-university team
used gene therapy to give sight to puppies born
with a defect that causes blindness.
Now the gene-transfer technique is being tested
for safety in people in a phase 1 clinical research
study conducted by the University of Pennsylvania
and UF with support from the National Eye
Institute of the National Institutes of Health.
A young adult with a form of hereditary
blindness called Leber congenital amaurosis type
2, or LCA2, received an injection of trillions of
replacement genes into the retina of one eye in
November, making the volunteer one of the first WILLIAM W. HAUSWIRTH, Ph.D.
people in the world to undergo the procedure. Shalesh
Kaushal, M.D., Ph.D., an assistant professor of ophthalmology at UF, performed
the gene transfer.
In all, six adults and then three children between the ages of 8 and 17 will
undergo the gene-transfer procedure at UF over the next year or more before
safety data are fully evaluated. Names are not being disclosed for privacy reasons.
Potential risks are discussed with prospective participants as part of an extensive
screening and informed consent process.
"This is the first study of its kind to investigate inherited blindness," said
Barry J. Byrne, M.D., Ph.D., a professor of molecular genetics and microbiology
and director of UF's Powell Gene Therapy Center. "The accomplishment reflects
a great deal of work and dedication on the part of Dr. Hauswirth, as well as many
other scientists and physicians, including Samuel G. Jacobson, M.D., Ph.D.,
professor of ophthalmology of the University of Pennsylvania, and literally dozens
of people who were involved in manufacturing and safety testing the gene transfer

agent here at UF."
Hauswirth and Jacobson the trial's principal investigator were among a
multicenter team of NEI-supported clinicians and scientists that first established
proof-of-concept for gene transfer for LCA in rodent models of the disease and in
a breed of vision-impaired dogs called Briards. Restoration of visual function in
dogs occurred in 2001 and has been described as remarkable and long-lasting.
Six years have gone by since the Briard puppies "Lancelot" was the breakout
star, going on to shake paws with lawmakers on Capitol Hill acquired sight.
"The idea of the therapy is simple," said Hauswirth, UF's Rybaczki-Bullard
professor of ophthalmic molecular genetics. "If cells are missing a gene for a vital
function, such as vision, the therapy is to replace that gene."
In LCA-type diseases, photoreceptor cells are unable to respond to light.
Researchers have found that LCA2 is caused by mutations in the RPE65 gene,
which produces a protein with the same name that is vital for vision. This trial
will evaluate the use of a modified adeno-associated virus an apparently
harmless virus that already exists in most people to deliver RPE65 to the
"Viruses have evolved a way to get into cells very efficiently, more efficiently
than anything else we know to deliver a piece of genetic material to a cell,"
Hauswirth said. "So all we're doing is using evolution to our advantage in this
case, to deliver our therapeutic gene."
The actual medical technique used to transfer the gene is not unusual, said
Kaushal, who directs the vitreoretinal service in the UF College of Medicine.
"The procedure involves two incisions that give the surgeon access to the
surface of the retina," Kaushal said. "Then, fluid containing the virus is injected
with a syringe and it creates a bubble. The virus will then be taken up by the
photoreceptor cells and the retinal pigment epithelial cells and will theoretically
produce the protein that these patients are missing."
LCA2 affects about 2,000 people in the United States and is one of several
incurable forms of blindness collectively known as retinitis pigmentosa, which in
turn affects about 200,000 Americans.
Children with LCA2 experience major visual disability that can lead to total
vision loss in adulthood. Although vision loss is severe, the structure of the retina
- including its connection to the brain can remain relatively intact for
decades before the photoreceptor cells degenerate. O

Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events. I 1 8. 0 7


. ,...-. .; -....ao it
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AUF study reveals sex education programs in
Florida's public schools vary widely in content

and often are afforded little class time and

many students miss out altogether.

The findings were presented at the American
Public Health Association's annual meeting in
Washington, D.C., in November.
"What we found was quite concerning,
particularly in light of the fact that levels of
sexually transmitted infections and unintended
pregnancies continue to rise in Florida and the
state ranks second in the nation in terms of
annual incident HIV infections," said lead
investigator Brian Dodge, Ph.D., formerly of the
College of Public Health and Health Professions.
Florida's rates of gonorrhea, chlamydia and
syphilis have risen from 307 cases per 100,000 BRIAN DODGE, Ph.D.
residents in 1997 to 399 in 2006, a 23 percent increase, according to the Florida
Department of Health.
Although Florida is technically one of 23 states that require schools to teach
sex education and HIV prevention classes, it is unclear whether scientifically
accurate and comprehensive information regarding the risks and benefits of
sexuality is being offered to students, said Dodge, who is now associate director
of the Center for Sexual Health Promotion at Indiana University Bloomington.
There are no requirements or standards for the course content and, until the
study, little was known about what topics are typically covered.
To find out, in 2006 the research team performed the first statewide
assessment of sex education in Florida's public middle and high schools, funded
by The Picower Foundation. Data were collected from surveys completed by
instructors who are most commonly responsible for sex education those
teaching health, science, physical education or family and consumer sciences.

The survey was developed with input from a scientific advisory committee and
a community advisory committee that included teachers, public health workers,
nurses, doctors and school administrators from across the state.
"Given the sensitive nature of this topic, it was essential that the study had
guidance from the people who really understood how Florida school systems
work, and how state and local policies impact the teachers' ability to educate
their students," said researcher Ellen Lopez, Ph.D., an assistant professor in
PHHP's department of behavioral science and community health.
The results of the study, based on 479 responses from participants, showed
that 87 percent of the teachers surveyed acknowledged that sex education, in
some form, took place in their schools in the 2005-2006 school year. However,
sex education was a requirement for all students in only 16 percent of the
respondents' schools, and most teachers reported that parents or caregivers were
able to control whether their children participated in the classes. In a third of
the schools, parents need to opt in, rather than opt out, for their child to receive
sex education.
The sex education course content overwhelmingly fell in line with the state of
Florida's official "abstinence-only until marriage" policy. Nearly every
respondent stated they taught abstinence from sexual activity as the only way to
avoid unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.
In addition, teachers in North Florida were twice as likely as teachers in
Central Florida and three times as likely as those in South Florida to teach an
abstinence-only curriculum, which typically does not cover the risks and
benefits of contraceptives, said research team member Frank Bandiera, a
graduate of UF's Master of Public Health program and a doctoral student at the
University of Miami.
"Most people are aware that there are major cultural differences between, say,
Miami and Tallahassee," Bandiera said. "What we found in terms of sex
education, though, is that these places may as well be on different planets."
The investigators also discovered many differences in the source of curriculum.
"Respondents reported using everything from formal state guidelines to
random Internet information and outdated county curricula," Dodge said. "In
short, there appears to be no uniformity in terms of underlying value systems or
philosophical foundations for sex education in Florida." O

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Risky business?

UF study examines risks of ADHD medication

Just say no

Club drugs inflict damage similar

to traumatic brain injury

By April Frawley Birdwell
What do suffering a traumatic brain
injury and using club drugs have in
common? UF researchers say both
may trigger a similar chemical chain reaction
in the brain, leading to cell death, memory loss
and potentially irreversible brain damage.
A series of studies at UF over the past five


years has shown using the popular club drug
Ecstasy, also called MDMA, and other forms
of methamphetamine lead to the same type of
brain changes, cell loss and protein
fluctuations in the brain that occur after a L
person endures a sharp blow to the head,
according to findings a UF researcher presented at a Society for Neuroscience
conference held in November in San Diego.
"Using methamphetamine is like inflicting a traumatic brain injury on
yourself," said Firas Kobeissy, Ph.D., a postdoctoral associate in the College
of Medicine department of psychiatry. "We found that a lot of brain cells are
being injured by these drugs. That's alarming to society now. People don't
seem to take club drugs as seriously as drugs such as heroin or cocaine."
Working with UF researchers Mark Gold, M.D., chief of the division of
addiction medicine at UF's McKnight Brain Institute and one of the
country's leading experts on addiction medicine, and Kevin Wang, Ph.D,
director of the UF Center for Neuroproteomics and Biomarkers Research,
Kobeissy compared what happened in the brains of rats given large doses of
methamphetamine with what happened to those that had suffered a traumatic
brain injury.
Kobeissy and other researchers in Gold's lab used novel protein analysis
methods to decipher how drug abuse alters the brain. They discovered that
methamphetamine seems to set off a chain of events that injures brain cells.
Protein damage in the brain led to brain cell death, a similar problem the
researchers had already seen while studying traumatic brain injury in rats.
About 1.3 million people over the age of 12 reported using
methamphetamine in the previous month, according to the 2006 National
Survey on Drug Use and Health. People who use drugs of abuse often think
the effects wear off in the body the same way the effects of common
medications do, but that may not be the case, Gold said.
"These data and the previous four years of data suggest some drugs,
especially methamphetamine, cause changes that are not readily reversible,"
Gold said. "Future research is necessary for us to determine when or if
methamphetamine-related brain changes reverse themselves." Q

By Linda Homewood
timulant medications used to treat children with attention-deficit
hyperactivity disorder may be responsible for an increased number of visits to
the emergency room or doctor's office because of cardiac symptoms, but deaths
or serious heart complications are rare, reveals a new UF study published Dec. 1 in
the journal Pediatrics.
"Treatment decisions are always a risk-benefit assessment for doctors," said Almut
Winterstein, Ph.D., an assistant professor of pharmacy health care administration at
the UF College of Pharmacy. "We know about the benefits of central nervous system
stimulants. There are a lot of advantages to the patient improved concentration, the
improved ability to interact socially but the risks have been very poorly defined."
Despite concerns about the risks of taking medications such as Adderall and Ritalin
for the treatment of ADHD the drugs are known to raise blood pressure and heart
rate, and other members of this drug class, such as methamphetamine, are associated
with serious adverse effects use of the drugs has steadily risen over the past decade.
Winterstein, a pharmacoepidemiologist, led a team of researchers in pharmacy,
pediatric medicine and psychiatry who analyzed records from 55,000 children ages 3
to 20 who were undergoing treatment for ADHD between 1994 to 2004. The UF
study, which sought to assess the effects of these drugs on the risk for heart disease,
relied on the Florida Medicaid database of more than 2 million youth, cross-
matched with vital statistics records. It's the first study of this magnitude in ADHD
safety research.
Children who used central nervous system stimulants were 20 percent more likely
to visit an emergency clinic or doctor's office with cardiac-related symptoms, such as
a racing heartbeat, than children who had never used or discontinued treatment, the
findings show. The researchers also reported that the rates of death or hospital
admission for serious heart conditions were no different than the national rates
among the general population, but the total number of events was too small to allow
definite conclusions.
Since 1995, the number of patients newly diagnosed with ADHD has grown at a
fairly constant rate, Winterstein said. Today, nearly one-third of these patients
- more than 5 percent of American children chronically take stimulant
Approximately 3 million to 4 million youngsters in the U.S. are prescribed
stimulant medications for ADHD, said Daniel Safer, M.D., an associate professor in
psychiatry and pediatrics at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
"In fact," Safer added, "more parents than previously are requesting such
treatment if their child is having serious problems in school."
The UF research team's recent findings raise several important issues that
warrant further investigation, Winterstein said. Critical concerns include stimulant
safety in populations with cardiac risk factors and in those who use the drugs for
several years. O

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t us surgery

UF has offered unique brain surgery for animals for seven years

By Sarah Carey

anks to UF veterinarians, Tennessean
Marc Mandeville will again celebrate
Christmas with his beloved boxer, Sirus,
who is recuperating at home in Knoxville after
successful treatment this fall for a brain tumor.

"Sirus loves Christmas," said Mandeville, who plans to give his 6-year-
old boxer plenty of Frisbees and other favorite toys and treats this year.
"The night before, he is always restless because he knows there will be
presents under the tree for him."
So far Sirus is doing well and is seizure-free, Mandeville said.
"His medication has him hungry and thirsty, but beyond that, there are
no recurring issues," Mandeville said.
The procedure Sirus received in Gainesville at UF's Veterinary Medical
Center known as stereotactic radiosurgery, or SRS is not available

Sirus the boxer gets checked out at the UF College of Veterinary Medicine on
Oct. 25, the day before he underwent a sterotactic radiosurgery procedure to
treat a brain tumor. Standing with him (from left) are Steve Tutela, a junior
veterinary student and Marc Mandeville, Sirus' owner.

anywhere else in the Southeast.
Sirus' problems first became apparent when Mandeville returned home
with him after their morning walk. Sirus typically would lie down on the
tile kitchen floor while Mandeville began working from his home office.
But that day, he came over and leaned against Mandeville, giving him a
strange look. Almost immediately, the dog collapsed on his side and went
into a seizure.
When the seizures continued, Mandeville took Sirus to the University
of Tennessee's College of Veterinary Medicine. A CT scan of Sirus' brain
revealed a mass, which a biopsy and an ultrasound identified as an

oligodendrocytoma of the left forebrain, an aggressive tumor common in
Mandeville searched the Internet to learn more about treatment options
and discovered an article about an advanced method of obliterating tumors
and lesions with a single session of potent and pinpointed radiation that
UF veterinarians are using to help animals through a unique relationship
the veterinary school has with UF's McKnight Brain Institute.
"In a nutshell, the 25 or so dogs I kept track of for the UF study seemed
to do about as well or better than those that received conventional
radiation therapy, but SRS has several important advantages over
conventional radiation," said Chris Mariani, D.V.M., a former UF
veterinary neurologist who studied SRS as a treatment for dogs with brain
tumors while at UF. "It's a single treatment, which means one anesthesia,
and it's potentially an outpatient procedure or one overnight stay as
compared to weeks of treatment and multiple anesthesias."
The side effects associated with SRS are almost nonexistent, particularly
when compared with conventional treatment, UF veterinarians say.
Almost 20 years after Dr. Frank Bova and Dr. William Friedman,
professors in the UF College of Medicine's department of neurosurgery,
initiated radiosurgery treatments in people using their patented system
known as the LINAC Scalpel, SRS has evolved to become the treatment of
choice for people with certain types of intracranial tumors. In the past
seven years, UF veterinarians, working in close collaboration with Bova
and his staff, have treated nearly 100 cases, including animals with tumors
located within the brain, nose and mouth and certain tumors of the limbs.
"We will irradiate any tumor within the cranial vault regardless of what
type we think it is," said Dr. Tom Schubert, chief of the UF veterinary
college's neurology service.
Neurology cases receiving SRS have CT and MRI images taken. Those
images then are merged and analyzed with special software, so
veterinarians can pinpoint the tumor and determine the proper dose of
radiation to be administered.
In the early days, a head frame was used to help veterinary radiologists
obtain accurate targeting images. The process was cumbersome, however,
and a new method was devised that makes use of a dental mechanism
known as a biteplate. The method was developed at UF for human use and
then readapted at the McKnight Brain Institute for use in veterinary
radiosurgery cases. The biteplate is custom molded to the animal's upper
teeth and a set of reference markers are then attached. During treatment,
these markers are tracked by a stereoscopic infrared camera and software
developed at UF
"The combined system allows the delivery of small high-intensity
radiation beams to the tumor, with an accuracy of approximately .25
millimeters," Bova said. "This system also allows normal tissues to be
avoided with the same precision."
Mandeville and his wife, who do not have children, said they view Sirus
as a family member.
"He is, in a sense, our child," Mandeville said. "He is a very loving dog
and has always been the neighborhood's favorite dog, both in Tennessee
and when we lived in Florida. In fact, it's not unusual for kids to come by
and knock on the door to ask if Sirus can play, even when most of the kids
have their own dogs.
"In our minds, the cost was a small price to pay for a member of our
family," he added. "What we do know is that we did everything that we
could have possibly done to help him, and that we feel good about. When it
comes right down to it, we weren't ready to give up." Q

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Student takes spay-neuter

message to T-shirts

By Sarah Carey

ot style? UF veterinary senior Allison
Montague, also known as "Top Dog" of
aWEARness Clothing, not only has it, she
can also tell you where to get it and help animals
at the same time.
Montague, a former advertising account executive, started the business
two years ago. Through her Web site, www.aWEARness-clothing.com, she
sells T-shirts and other clothing to promote the responsible spaying and
neutering of pets. Montague recently decided to donate all profits from her
clothing sales to the UF College of Veterinary Medicine's shelter program.
The program, through which veterinary students gain surgical experience
by spaying and neutering animals from the Alachua County animal shelter,
has been threatened by recent county budget cuts.
"After getting into veterinary school, I learned that a small percentage of
pet owners actually spay and neuter their pets," Montague said. "In school,
we learn the benefits of these types of programs."
Three million to 4 million dogs and cats enter animal shelters each year
in the United States, and roughly half of those animals are euthanized,
according to the Humane Society of the United States.
As school unfolded, Montague discovered the shelter medicine program
didn't just help animals it also enabled her to hone surgical skills and
better prepare for private practice.
"I've done a few externships where the doctors were impressed with the
surgical skills I know I would not have had were it not for the shelter
program," Montague said. "My first day in the shelter medicine rotation, it
took me an hour and a half to do a spay, but on my last it took me 20
minutes. Everything improved tremendously, and my confidence did, too.
Everyone's nervous the first time they perform surgery."
Montague developed her Web site with help from her brother, Matt
Montague, and classmate Crystal Hmielewski.
"Crystal and I did our senior projects together, and in our free time, we
sketched ideas about what we wanted the Web site to look like and who we
wanted to reach," Montague said, adding that she wanted to create a "look"
for her clothing that was stylish, contemporary and "wasn't cheesy."
So she came up with catchy slogans such as "Neutering makes dogs less
nuts" and "Cats can't add, but they're great at multiplying" to include on
her shirts. Meanwhile, Hmielewski established the Web site, capturing
visuals that include photos of some of Montague's classmates modeling
various items. Then she went to Premier Productions in Gainesville, a


Veterinary student Allison Montague (front) sells T-shirts and clothing to raise
awareness about spaying and neutering animals. Modeling a few of her T-shirts
are fellow veterinary students (from left) Tiffany Holcomb, Katie Home and
Heather Baginski.

custom design and printing company.
"We worked together on some of my ideas and came up with some
layouts," Montague said. "We ended up with between 600 and 700 items in
multiple designs, sizes and colors."
Shirts start at $15 a piece, and are available on her Web site.
Just a week after Montague sent a collegewide e-mail about her plan to
donate proceeds from sales to the shelter program, she already had raised $100.
"What Allison did by donating all the profits from the sale of her spay/
neuter aWEARness T-shirts is phenomenal," said Dr. Natalie Isaza, the
shelter program coordinator. "The program received so much support from
our students, both current and former, when they learned the program
might lose funding, and Allison's generosity illustrates how much the
students appreciate this clinical elective."
Staff members in the Office for Students and Instruction were impressed
enough with Montague's efforts that each of its members wore an
aWEARness T-shirt on Nov. 1.
"When we received Allison's e-mail about her company donating
proceeds from the T-shirt sales to the shelter medicine program, we
thought, 'what better way to support our students?'" said Erin Sanetz,
program assistant. "The phrases on these T-shirts are very amusing, and
certainly grab peoples' attention. We were so impressed with Allison's
initiative and generosity that we decided that, as an office, we would show
our support for her product, for shelter medicine and for our students." Q

Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events. a M I 3 1 11

T Vie yavadmothev, a black womav in hevy fos,
seemed surprised when Domna Palker, M.D.,
walked into the ioom at the Alachua County
Health Depaitmenvt. It was 14 years ago, but Paikey still
Iememvbers the woman's exact words:
"You're the first black doctor I have ever met."
"Not first black female doctor, but first black doctor," recalls Parker, now an assistant
dean of minority affairs in the UF College of Medicine. "That was in Gainesville, with
Shands right here."
In a perfect world, this sentence would say a conversation like that doesn't happen
Times certainly have changed. More black and Hispanic students are entering
medicine and other health-care fields today than in prior years. Health care, in general,
is more diverse, especially in fields such as public health.
But, "more diverse" is relative. Only 6 percent of the country's practicing physicians
are Hispanic, black or Native American, while these groups comprise 26 percent of the
population, according to an Association of American Medical Colleges report.
Within the UF Health Science Center, the number of underrepresented minorities in
the student body is encouraging in the College of Nursing, for example, the number
of black, Hispanic and Native American students is above the national average for
nursing professionals. But when HSC students walk into a classroom, the chances of

"If our graduates

don't vefletf

the diversity

oF tihe overall

population, t-he

we haven't doiVm

ouv job."
Douglas Bawel-t, M.D.,

12 I-I 33 Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events.


finding a minority professor are slim. There is only one black
professor in each of the colleges of Nursing and Dentistry,
and out of the 973 faculty members in the College of
Medicine, only 15 are black and 44 are Hispanic.
Why? The answers aren't simple. The number of minority
students entering academia is small, and institutions are
competing for these recruits. Retaining minority faculty
poses unique challenges, too. And faculty members say some
potential recruits may shy away from UF because of the low
numbers of minority faculty members or because of
Gainesville's small size.
The problem is complex, but it's one HSC leaders aim to
solve. Last April, the HSC established a new office geared
toward increasing the number of underrepresented
minorities in the faculty.
"If our graduates don't reflect the diversity of the overall
population, then we aren't doing our job," said Douglas
Barrett, M.D., senior vice president for health affairs. "We're
taking this seriously. Talking about it is nice, but measuring
it at the end of the day is what's important."
Diversity matters, not only because it adds to the value of
education, bringing in different points of view, but because
studies have shown it goes a long way toward improving
health disparities, says Rebecca Rainer Pauly, M.D., the
associate vice president for diversity and equity in the Health
Science Center.


Gloria McWhirter, a UF professor of
recruit minority students to the college
them on track when they're here.

HSC leaders hope to promote more events similar to the AAMC Minority Faculty Career Development
Seminar several UF College of Medicine faculty members attended earlier this year. The faculty
members who went included (from left) Dr. Winston T. Richards, Dr. Donna Parker, Dr. Mildred
Maldonado-Molina, Dr. Kendall Campbell, Dr. Michelle Jacobs-Elliott and Dr. Albert Robinson.

"We want students to be able to look up to faculty with whom they can identify," Pauly says of diversity's
impact. "Also all faculty should have equal opportunity, and with cultural competence and consciousness, better
outcomes are seen in health care. Patients are more compliant. There's better preventive medicine."
Already, strides are being made. Pauly has established an advisory board of UF and Gainesville community
leaders charged with tackling issues related to diversity. She's investigating programs that work and has already
started a program with UF's P.K. Yonge School to encourage middle schoolers from different backgrounds to
enter science.
"Once students are in the pipeline, then hopefully we will be able to encourage them to stay in academics,"
Pauly says. "We want to build a culture that is accepting and promoting of all."

An inescapable PROBLEM
SPauly has always been tuned in to issues related to diversity, but the problem became achingly apparent to her
last year while working on the College of Medicine's accreditation.
"That's when it really hit me that we are deficient in our diversity as a faculty," Pauly said. "I took those
numbers to Dr. Barrett and we discussed this real need."
For Gloria McWhirter, the problem is inescapable. As the only black faculty member in the College of
Nursing and the college's director of minority retention and recruiting, McWhirter sees the need for more
diversity every time a student knocks on her door asking for help. And they do, all the time.
It's important for students to be able to see faculty who look like them, especially for minority students who
are often the first in their families to go to college, McWhirter says. Because there are fewer black and Hispanic
,_r faculty members than there are students, many minority faculty members become "overburdened with
mentorship," says Parker. The students McWhirter mentors aren't always from her college, but she says she can't
turn anyone who needs help away.
"I seek out the students of color and make sure they're doing what they need to do," McWhirter says. "I know
how to get to them."
Allyson Hall, Ph.D., an associate professor of health services research, management and policy in the College
of Public Health Professions, says minority students tend to seek out mentors they can relate to more. It allows
i them to see how they can achieve the same things.
nursing, helps
"They know intuitively that I really want them to succeed," Hall says. "I feel a real sense of responsibility to
e and keeps
mentor them."
Mentorship also makes a big difference in student achievement, Parker says. The College of Medicine Office
of Minority Affairs, which was established in the 1980s by HSC students, sends e-mails to students before exams
to encourage them.

Continued on PAGE 14

Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events. aa ~7S 13

Continued fvom PAGE 13

"If (diversity is) vot out

thiee as a tav et, tien vno

ovne is gomg to think of

covninm tofeteK."

Rebecca Rainev Pauly, M.D.

"Research has shown students will do better just by knowing there is someone
expecting them to do well," Parker says. "We know they have the ability, otherwise
they wouldn't have been accepted here. But there are other factors that can lead to
success or a lack of success.
"We still have students who are told they are only here because of affirmative
action. These are bright students who have sometimes come through the junior
honors medical program. They get downhearted, which is another reason why the
(minority affairs) office needs to be here so they have a place to voice these kinds of
actions that take place."
Part of the problem, faculty and administrators say, is the mindset some people
have about diversity, seeing it as a numbers game meeting quotas to check off a box
- and not understanding the value differences add to education and to the workforce.
"Excellence and diversity go hand-in-hand," says Bruce Kone, M.D., dean of the
College of Medicine. "You can't teach students to be effective doctors without

Plainting SEEDS
When it comes to increasing diversity in academia and health-care, what happens
before a student even starts college matters more than many realize. Students whose
parents didn't go to college or who live in poor areas mav not even think of college or
Ihc hcallh p!..l! i. ,n a an ..p ..!n
"\\ hj%' I.- F,, I.- Iih m !JJL h,,,l,, jnJ ,h..'. k!J, Ihc!i !, m,,! i.- I i !lk ihjn
hjik l hjI I jnJ j ,I I." ii m \\' ,j\ "\\' hj I lJ>h I h!i 1 "j I
llk juj~. I' n VKrYi ,- 1 j rr J I I 1 I hi Ih.,,, I, in I h, ,l i jnJ h. uju !I hji a
i j !jI \ jnJ I ,,rIrnIm !jIhI\ Ji.\ i ,. ,I uJ rni h[,J\ l'ju\ hp. Ih. pih Ijr! m ,h. !,

Dr. Rebecca Rainer Pauly was appointed associate vice president of the new
HSC Office of Equity and Diversity in April. Pauly is focused on improving
diversity in the HSC's faculty.

14 : I = I I, Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events.

The number of minority students is improving in the six health colleges.
Second-year medical student Nicole Nicophene listens to a guest
lecturer in Dr. Paul Gulig's class.

establishing with the school will help nurture students' interests in science.
The UF College of Medicine Office of Minority Affairs also brings in high
school students for programs that expose them to research, medicine and
other health professions.
"Some students don't even have the ability to dream that this is something
they can do," Parker says. "I encourage my patients to dream about other
things than just what they see in their communities."
Minority students are also more likely to need help learning tools to get
into college, like test-taking skills, McWhirter says.
Abi Adewumi, a UF assistant professor of dentistry who hails from Nigeria
and advises the group for dental students focused on multicultural issues,
says, "I empathize with kids who haven't had that upbringing. If you have no
hope you have nothing to hold onto."
Admissions based solely on race have not been allowed in Florida since the
One Florida law was passed in 1999. But Pauly says UF should try to attract
qualified minority students who may have skills that sometimes go unnoticed.
The goal is to give these students more tools to achieve.
Financial reasons could keep some students and faculty from UF, too. More
money for scholarships, salaries and bonuses could help, faculty members say.
UF also has to battle misconceptions. McWhirter plants seeds about UF
when she attends national conferences, but because of the university's lagging
numbers in minority faculty, some people have doubts about UF. Parker has
noticed this too. Some, they say, have referred to UF as "a racist school."
Then there's the Gainesville factor. Gainesville isn't a sprawling metropolis,
and some recruits don't get to see what's available while they're here. Pauly
has been working with the minority community to change these perceptions.
Hall agrees, saying, "Gainesville has a wealth of opportunities. I do salsa
dancing here. Once I found that group I was fine. Once you start digging
deeper, you will find what you're looking for."

In November, the HSC held its first "Diversity Dialogue," an event Pauly
designed to help bring diversity to the forefront. Faculty members say talking
about the university's diversity needs is an important first step. It's a topic
people often avoid or "dance around," McWhirter says.
"What's wrong with race? Put it out on the table and talk about it," she says.
The discussions also allow colleges and faculty to learn from each other and
from the community, Pauly says.
"A lot of people have been thinking about diversity and not saying it," Pauly
says. "To me, a real concrete accomplishment in response to the November
diversity dialogue is Dean Kone's desire to highlight diversity as a core value
in the missions statement of the College of Medicine."
McWhirter says she also hopes more programs will be developed to nurture
minority faculty and students. Because minority faculty members spend so
much time mentoring and working on committees, they often get behind on
tenure goals.
Becoming more diverse may take awhile, Pauly says. But the ball is rolling,
especially now that an office is in place to focus on these issues across the
health center.
"If it's not out there as a target, then no one is going to think of coming
together ... it's sort of that consciousness. The next step is to put it into
practice." Q

Dive sity i



By Lauren Edwards
Martha Barnett, J.D., grew up in a segregated neighborhood. Her father, a
doctor, was "colorblind," but he was forced to keep separate waiting rooms
for his patients. Many of them did not feel the way he did about race.
When she started her own career in law, Barnett, an advocate for survivors of the
racially charged Rosewood Massacre, says she realized how much of a problem
diversity was in her own professions too, she expla!nJ I i.. Ia ..mlul .II TI1( ILJJLI
Nov. 14 at the McKnight Brain Institute.
"Diversity is beginning to permeate all aspe i, ..I ..ui .l i\." 'J!J Ii: ne I. j
partner at the Holland & Knight law firm. "It', Ihe rnjm I him I- .J.."
Barnett's talk was part of the first "Diversity I J!il..-u." J I I I i ..I k'...ihp, I hat
are being held at the HSC to raise awareness abh uil '!ui, I LIJIL J i. Jdiu 'i1i\ jnJ
equity. The HSC's new Office of Equity and D !\ ll\ i, pr..n, rnI i h Ihh i!L

- It,: tl,, IN ,: ,,,1:,, I I- ,, :,=1 1,= .,11 II ,'- ,, ,- .,,,,t I,= ,., .I,= ,

"I I 'h ,....i kl h..p hi i, I hI .l uI. I- I J ', i1I I \ I.. I h I I.. n ." JJ
kji i PIn I'ul\. M\I I Ih. J .I '.II. !Ji \ IiI p!r !J ni ..I L.quII\ inJ J i ii\ I h
Jd!\ II\ JdJ l u k i uI, krn.'. Lu1i Lupp I i rn ...I k l nJ jIid ,I u'. i ILji r i I!.m LJLh
,,I h.i ', I \pe !I nL -
Paulv savs she chose Barnett, a UF alumna and the sec .nJ i'...mrnj i.. hc president
S.I ih ,\ me! !i n Bar Association, because she "leads by exJm npk" J, jn .Jvocate for
ie!i uill rI- nJ etaining women and minorities.
,\, lIi ', Jre m.graphics change, diversity in education an J ihe '... kpl!Jc is more
!mp.. i inl ihjn ever, Barnett said. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, minority
!-.up, i. r'.1 mike up 50 percent of the population by 2050.
"\\V ha\, Lu reflect the communities we want to serve," P'ul\ ] J\ 1 "It's easy to talk
about it ... it's very hard, institutionally, to do it."
College of Medicine Dean Bruce Kone, M.D., who spok. i I i hL \ nt during a
panel discussion, said cultivating a climate of acceptance in Ihe mrnLJ cal field is
crucial. He's working to make this a reality at UF.
"In health professions, diversity is really a core value," he says.
The next diversity dialogue will address mentoring and -,. 11 hL h IJ 1 I1 a.m.
March 12

Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events. a WP a 0 15


faith AND



UF students raise TB

awareness in churches

Hilda Salisbury and Atiba Nelson (top, from left) send the
message that covering a cough can help prevent the
transmission of disease. Milton Persons, John Faryna,
Evelyn Meece and Lottie Elliott (bottom, from left) chat
about the role of spirituality in medicine.

By Ann Griswold
Last summer, John Faryna needed something to do. So
Faryna, a second-year medical and public health student,
perused a few Web sites, searching for a worthy cause.
Finally, a UF Area Health Education Centers posting caught his
eye: Two students were needed to conduct summer research on
spirituality and tuberculosis in the black community.
Faryna, who describes himself as "a fairly spiritual guy," thought it would be fun to learn about
religion and promote community health. Little did he know that across the HSC complex, a second-
year public health student named Atiba Nelson was reading the posting and thinking the same thing.
Faryna and Nelson met for the first time in May when they were paired up on the summer project,
a joint effort between the Rural Women's Health Project, the Alachua County Health Department
and the Suwannee River AHEC.
On first glance, the pair share a lot in common: both are 20-something, energetic, outgoing and
pursuing careers in the health sciences.
But on Sundays, Faryna a white guy from Umatilla, Fla. heads to Catholic Mass, while
Nelson a black guy from Toronto settles into a pew at the Baptist church. Their differences
made for an interesting summer.
The project's goal was enticing but vague: Determine what role, if any, spirituality plays in the
health of black people in the Gainesville community.
Getting started was the hard part. They needed a motto. They needed accessories. They needed a plan.
Once they decided on "Think TB" as their logo, Nelson says things started falling into place.
"We designed a sticker that showed a stick figure coughing," Nelson said. "Basically, we want
people to pass on knowledge. The caption was 'spread the word, not the disease.'"
The duo also emblazoned their logo and a list of tuberculosis symptoms on packets of facial tissue,
hoping it would encourage people to pass on information in addition to, well, Kleenex.
The next challenge was deciding whom to visit and what to say. They decided on two churches, the
Williams Temple Church of God and the Springhill Missionary Baptist Church. For good measure,
they also visited the Thelma Boltin Community Center, which hosts a daily elderly care luncheon.
"It was a little unnerving to figure what to say and how to say it," Nelson said. "But I think being
sensitive to the issue when we first went in there and saying, 'Look, we don't want to offend anybody,
we just want to hear what you have to say,' eased our transition into the churches."
Each visit began with a 30-minute presentation on tuberculosis. After the talk, Nelson and Faryna
gathered information from the audience via a question-and-answer session about the role of prayer in
health. That exchange was usually followed by a nice meal, interspersed with informal discussions
and tales of church members' experiences with tuberculosis.
The pair found that most people strike a balance between health and faith.
"It's not like, 'I believe only God can heal me and I won't go to the doctor,' or, 'I only believe the
doctor can heal me, so I won't pray,'" said Nelson. "It's a mixture of both. People go to the doctor and
have faith that a higher power will help their doctor know the best course of action to take."
Once they'd been around the block a few times, it became apparent that the churches are the
gateways to the people who live in those neighborhoods.
"Leaders of African-American churches are often leaders of the community. It's a very effective
way to disseminate information to this population," Faryna says. "The churches are phenomenal
tools to address different concerns."
Especially health.
"A lot of African-American churches in the community incorporate their spirituality into all
aspects of their members' lives, including things like health care and finances," Faryna says. "So a lot
of them have health ministries that bring in people on a regular basis to address these kinds of
The pair says their eight-week foray into medicine and spirituality taught them at least as much
about the power of faith as they taught the people in these communities about the power of passing
along information to prevent the spread of disease.
"Everybody wants information," Faryna says. "Once you empower yourself, you're no longer
reliant on someone else. That's one of the coolest things I learned." 0

161 U3 JU 33 Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events.


UF to study new therapy

for language problems

caused by stroke

ByJill Pease
UF researchers have received a $900,000 grant from the National
Institutes of Health to study a new treatment for language
problems that commonly occur after a stroke.
Led by Bruce Crosson, Ph.D., a professor of clinical and health

These fMRI images, taken before and after a pilot study of the aphasia
treatment, demonstrate that the right side of the patient's brain became
more active following therapy and the patient's language skills improved.

psychology in the College of Public Health and Health Professions, the
research team will investigate the effectiveness of a new therapy for the
language disorder known as nonfluent aphasia. Patients with nonfluent
aphasia have trouble finding the right words to communicate their
meaning, speaking in sentences, or saying more than one or two words
without stopping.
About 750,000 Americans experience a stroke annually, according to
the National Stroke Association.
"Approximately 25 percent of strokes are associated with aphasia and
only 21 percent of these patients eventually recover normal language
function," Crosson said. "Thus, it is estimated that more than 1 million
Americans experience chronic aphasia that substantially limits their
ability to work, affects relationships with friends and family and
degrades quality of life for survivors."
Researchers will employ the concept of neuroplasticity the idea that
the brain can be reorganized so that other parts of it can take over lost
functions. Because the left side of the brain is responsible for language
in right-handed individuals, a stroke on the brain's left side can damage
its language production centers. In the UF study, investigators will
attempt to shift language production to the right side of the brain in
patients with stroke by having research participants complete a series of
verbal exercises.
To measure changes in right brain function, participants will undergo
functional magnetic resonance imaging scans before therapy begins, at
the end of the treatment period and three months after treatment is
To participate in the aphasia research study, participants must have
been right-handed prior to their stroke and be native English speakers.
For more information, call 352-376-1611, ext. 5395. Q

This fall, entrepreneur Edward T. Quinn (center) donated $2 million
to the UF College of Dentistry to establish the M. Franklin Dolwick
University Chair in honor of Dolwick (left), a UF professor of oral
and maxillofacial surgery. UF Senior Vice President for Health
Affairs Doug Barrett is at right.

Early holiday gift for

College of Dentistry

By Lindy McCollum-Brounley
ongwood, Fla., entrepreneur Edward T. Quinn has made a $2
million gift to the UF College of Dentistry in honor of M. Franklin
Dolwick, a UF professor of oral and maxillofacial surgery.
The gift will create the M. Franklin Dolwick University Chair and is
eligible to receive dollar-for-dollar matching funds from the state of
Florida Trust Fund for Major Gifts. The permanently endowed chair is
the largest ever established within the college, and is one of a handful
funded at this level universitywide.
"Dr. Dolwick has dedicated his life to this profession and to his
patients," Quinn said. "I was his patient also, and how he treated me, and
all of his patients, became the driving force behind my desire to honor
him in this way. It is important to me."
The M. Franklin Dolwick University Chair will support a permanent
faculty position held by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, appointed by
the dean of the College of Dentistry, with an academic rank of associate or
full professor.
M. Franklin Dolwick is a pioneering surgeon in the development of
temporomandibular joint diagnostic and surgical procedures. His
research on TMJ disorders garnered the prestigious Research Recognition
Award from the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
in 1993. Dolwick is internationally recognized as an outstanding educator,
scientist and clinician. The gift honors his 35-year career as an oral and
maxillofacial surgeon, 22 years of which have been invested in resident
education and patient care at the University of Florida.
"I am honored but at the same time humbled by Mr. Quinn's
generosity," Dolwick said. "His gift will assure oral and maxillofacial
surgery at the University of Florida remains a leader in resident education
and patient care." 0

Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events. ZoU, 17



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Robert Nuss, M.D., dean of the regional campus in
Jacksonville and the UF associate vice president for health
affairs, earned the Lifetime Achievement Award the
program's highest recognition reserved for only one hero.
In June, after devoting 35 years to developing, funding,
promoting and supporting the growth of the UF Health
Science Center in Jacksonville, Nuss was named UF's first
dean of the regional campus. The journal recognized him for
"putting Jacksonville on the map in terms of providing
leading academic, clinical and research facilities for those
who live in Northeast Florida and Southeast Georgia" and for
"working diligently to ensure that the UF Health Science
Center-Jacksonville continues to grow in order to meet
Florida's need for additional physicians, nurses, pharmacists
and dentists."



UF's Miren Schinco, M.D., and Kamela Scott, Ph.D., along
with Shands Jacksonville's Julia Paul, R.N., were recognized
in the emergency medicine category as a team of emergency
medical providers who made a difference by speaking out on
behalf of Jacksonville crime victims. The three organized
"Youth and Domestic Violence: A Community Epidemic," a
daylong forum that brought Jacksonville leaders together to
discuss the issue. Schinco is an associate professor and
division chief of trauma and critical care surgery. Scott is an
associate professor of surgery and program director of
psychological services/acute care. Paul is Shands
Jacksonville's trauma program manager.

* S *
)0.'-:81 1 I I I-I Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news c
Je e.***'.

Described as "a scientist with a mission: to improve the lives
of cancer patients, especially those with breast, prostate and
bladder cancer," Steven Goodison, Ph.D., was named the
scientist "hero." An associate professor in the department of
surgery whose grant funding tops $4.2 million, Goodison is
the inventor on two issued patents and two patents pending
and the author of 72 peer-reviewed research articles. He was
recognized for "helping scientists worldwide better
understand tumor biology, use genes to help detect and
diagnose cancer, examine the role infection plays in cancer
and analyze specific genes in tumor progression."

When patients don't know where to turn, UF's Eric Stewart,
M.D. is there, according to the Jacksonville Business Journal.
Stewart, an assistant professor of family medicine who also
serves as vice president of community affairs and community
clinics for Shands Jacksonville, "practices and demonstrates a
zeal and passion for the little people, those who silently suffer
or fill up emergency rooms because without a primary care
physician, they are unable to determine if the symptoms they
have are life-threatening or just another pain." A "hero" in
the physician category, "he opens his office at 5:30 a.m., and it
is not uncommon to visit his office at 6 a.m. and find the
waiting room full."

Another "hero," Nancy Price Mendenhall, M.D., is a
practicing radiation oncologist who saw the need to improve
the odds for cancer patients treated with external beam
radiation. She saw proton beam therapy as a promising
treatment tool. And "based upon her recommendation in
1998 and her ongoing leadership and persistence through the
2003 groundbreaking and 2006 opening, Jacksonville is now
home to the University of Florida Proton Therapy Institute
- the only proton therapy facility in the Southeast and
currently one of only five in the nation." Q

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Targeting bladder cancer

Researchers hope to improve
detection, monitoring

By Patricia Bates McGhee
UF researcher Steve Goodison, Ph.D., an associate professor in the
department of surgery in the College of Medicine-Jacksonville,
recently received $1.1 million from the National Cancer Institute for a
study aimed at improving early detection and monitoring of bladder cancer.
During the four-year study, Goodison and colleagues Charles Rosser, M.D.,
an assistant professor in the department of urology in Gainesville, and Virginia
Urquidi, Ph.D., a research associate professor in the department of medicine in
Jacksonville, will use proteomics or analysis of the protein profile in a cell or
tissue to identify proteins specifically associated with the disease.
"We will use comparative glycoprotein and phosphoprotein analyses to
determine which factors in the bladder may indicate the presence of bladder
cancer," Goodison said. "Being able to identify these cancer biomarkers could
really assist clinically because it would help us screen both asymptomatic
people for early detection and people with a history of bladder cancer for
recurrence all with the hope of helping the patient in a tangible timeframe."
The new grant extends Goodison and Rosser's ongoing Florida Department
of Health-funded studies on bladder cancer, which aim to identify the genetic
characteristics of bladder cancer tissues. The project will also involve
collaborators at the University of Michigan and the core facilities of UF's
Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research.
In the United States, bladder cancer is the third leading tobacco-related
disease after lung cancer and heart disease. Bladder cancer is a
predominantly male disease, with women accounting for only 20 percent of

diagnosed cases.
"The general public knows how smoking can affect the lungs and the heart
but probably knows little about its effects on the bladder," Goodison said. "But
the same toxins produced by smoking that hurt the lung also get into the
bloodstream, are excreted into the urine and then sit in the bladder, sometimes
for extended periods of time."
Goodison believes there is a definitive pattern of protein expression in tumor
cells that can be defined.
"Because new techniques allow relatively large-scale screening of cellular
proteins, it's now feasible to compare the protein complement of cells from
different disease states," he said. "Furthermore, if we identify specific proteins
that are associated with bladder cancer, we can gain insight into the tumor
biology and start to understand the molecular basis of tumorigenesis and
progression, which, in turn, could open up other avenues of basic research." O

Fighting a global killer

F or the second year in a row, UF's Rainbow Center for Women,
Adolescents, Children and Families hosted Jacksonville's
S ;. citywide kickoff event for World AIDS Week. "A Celebration of
I l ife, a Lifetime of Hope," was held Nov. 26 at Shands Jacksonville to
r J lse HIV/AIDS awareness among women and children affected by the
Ai J disease in Northeast Florida. Jacksonville is one of the few communities
S in the nation that hosts awareness events for the entire week.
The Rainbow Center serves about 1,400 people with HIV/AIDS. Each
w\ ar, center staff help about 150 children under the age of 2 exposed to
I IIV. Pictured from left are Rainbow Center volunteers Sheila Mathew,
chair of the center's community advisory board; event speaker Gloria
( .*on; and Jessica Joyce Long, UF Rainbow Center executive director.

Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events. a :a: 02 19


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retired associate professor
of community health and
family medicine and senior
vice president for planning
and development, was
recently recognized for his
years of distinguished service
to UF. The UF College James McLamb
of Medicine-Jacksonville
Executive Committee honored McLamb with a
special resolution celebrating his achievements.
McLamb joined the UF faculty in 1986. He was
instrumental in establishing the UF Primary Care
Physicians Advisory Board and served as medical
director of the UF Primary Care Network. He also
served as senior vice president for planning and
development for Shands Jacksonville and the UF
Health Science Center-Jacksonville; as chairman
of the Planning and Development Committee
of Shands Jacksonville and University of Florida
Jacksonville Healthcare, Incorporated; and as a
member of SJ/UFJHI Managed Care.


an associate professor of
biochemistry and molecular
biology, received the Howard
Hughes Medical Institute
Distinguished Mentor Award
in honor of his continued work
in mentoring outstanding
undergraduate students in Robert McKenna
research. Past recipients of
the award include faculty members Michael
Bubb, M.D., Barbara Battelle, Ph.D., and Mavis
Agbandje-McKenna, Ph.D., all professors in the
College of Medicine.

vice chair of the department
of surgery and chief of the
division of cardiothoracic
surgery, was recently
elected to be a director
of the American Board of
Thoracic Surgery. There are
12 directors at any given Curtis Tribble
time, and Tribble is only the
second director ever elected from Florida. The
board's purpose is to ensure that new surgeons
entering the field of thoracic surgery meet the
high standards expected of professionals in this


M.S.N., R.N., a clinical
assistant professor of nursing, --
was recently elected to
the National Black Nurses
Association Board of Directors.
McWhirter teaches nursing
courses to undergraduate

students and also serves as the coordinator of
academic student services in the college. She
also developed a preparation program for the
National Council Licensure Examination for
Registered Nurses. McWhirter devotes much
of her time to the recruitment, mentoring and
retention of students from minority groups or
disadvantaged backgrounds. McWhirter also
acts as the liaison between the college and the
Bethune-Cookman College of Nursing in a
pipeline program that is focused on developing
opportunities for nursing students from BCC to
pursue graduate study at UF.


NAMI S. YU, a rehabilitation
science doctoral student,
received the Annual Student
Paper Award from the
Foundation for Life Care
Planning Research. Yu
was awarded $500 and
free registration and travel
expenses to present her paper Nami S. Yu
at the 2007 International
Symposium on Life Care Planning. Her article
will be also published in the Journal of Life Care

TODD FRASER, the coordinator
of administrative services in the
department of occupational
therapy, was named the
college's 2007 Employee of
the Year at the annual faculty/
staff appreciation dinner Oct.
26. Fraser, who is considered
the "go-to" person in his
department, was recognized for
his problem-solving ability, his dedication and his
willingness to assist employees and students, even
in difficult situations. Wrote one nominee, "Todd
is a pleasure to work with and his positive attitude,
humor and openness promote a feeling of 'family'
within the department."


a second-year resident in small
animal surgery, won first prize
in the research category of the
Resident's Forum at the annual
American College of Veterinary
Surgeons meeting, held Oct.
17-21 in Chicago. Coomer,
who also is pursuing a master's Alastair Coon
degree at the college, was
honored for a presentation titled, "Intramuscular
Murine Model for Radiation Therapy of Canine

assistant scientist with the
Aquatic Animal Health
program, will chair the
Manatee Rehabilitation
Partnership. The partnership
consists of a consortium
of scientists, educators,
government agencies, Iske Lar
wildlife organizations, zoos
and aquariums, all of which are involved in
rehabilitating and monitoring released Florida
manatees. The group's goal is to monitor released
manatees to ensure their survival in the wild,
to provide new data to improve rehabilitated
manatee survivorship and to continue to learn
about manatee natural history.


M.D., the associate vice
president for equity and
diversity, was recently selected
as co-chair of the Florida
Alliance, an organization
that was established to
increase diversity in the health I
professions and reduce Rebecca Rainer Paul)
disparities in health care. The
Florida Alliance consists of health-care and
university leaders, including those from the state's
other major research universities.

JOHN HARVEY, D.V.M., Ph.D., a professor and chair of the UF
College of Veterinary Medicine's department of physiological
sciences, has received the American Society for Veterinary Clinical
Pathology's lifetime achievement award. The award was presented
during the group's annual meeting, held Nov. 10 in Savannah, Ga.
A Kansas native, Harvey earned both his bachelor's and D.V.M.
degrees from Kansas State University and his doctorate from the
University of California-Davis. He is board-certified in clinical
pathology by the American College of Veterinary Pathologists. A
former president of the American Society for Veterinary Clinical
Pathology, Harvey also served as president of the International
Society for Animal Clinical Pathology. He has published more than
140 journal articles and book chapters concerning comparative
hematology and has presented more than 210 scientific and
continuing education talks and seminars. He has been a member of
UF's veterinary faculty since 1974.

201 "* I, J 3 Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events.


l ll


HSC remembers several former faculty


W. Perry

I than W. Perry, Ph.D., who
U; served as chair of the department
o of clinical and health psychology at
SI the UF College of Public Health and
Health Professions for more than 20
years, died Dec. 1 in Tallahassee. He
was 75.
"Nate Perry was a major force for
the advancement of psychology at the
University of Florida and throughout
the nation," said Michael G. Perri,
Ph.D., interim dean of the College of
Public Health and Health Professions.
"His leadership blazed a trail that
enabled others to make important clinical and research contributions
in health psychology. The success of our department of clinical and
health psychology stands as a lasting legacy of Nate Perry's pioneering
Perry received his doctorate in psychology from Florida State
University in 1963 and joined the UF faculty that same year. He was
chairman of the department of clinical and health psychology from
1977 until his retirement in 1998. Perry was a leading advocate at the
national level for the "scientist-practitioner" model, which called for
psychologists to be trained in both the underlying science of the
profession as well as in clinical practice.
In his own research, Perry focused on vision and cognition and he
was considered an expert on measurement of brain function and
cognition using visual evoked potentials to measure electrical activity
in the brain in response to visual stimuli.
"Nate was truly a giant in the field of clinical psychology; he was not
only a crackerjack administrator and department chair, but he was also
a first-rate scientist, performing some key early work on brain
electrophysiological responses to complex visual stimuli," said Russell
M. Bauer, Ph.D., chair of the department of clinical and health
Perry served as president of the Florida Psychological Association,
the Southeastern Psychological Association and the Society of Clinical
Psychology, and was a member of the American Psychological
Association's board of directors. He received the Florida Psychological
Association's Lifetime Achievement Award in 1998.
Perry is survived by his wife, Suzanne Bennett Johnson, of
Tallahassee, Fla.; his brother, Kenneth Eugene Perry, of Maryville,
Tenn.; six children, Kathy Lynn Hope, of Lilburn, Ga., Warren Keith
Perry, of Gainesville, Kevin Lee Perry, of Camden, S.C., Karol Hanson
Tutton, of Lone Tree, Colo., Erika Marion Perry, of Hoboken, N.J., and
Marissa Clara Perry of New York, N.Y.; and six grandchildren.
A scholarship fund has been established in Perry's honor. Please
make checks payable to the UF Foundation, attention: Nate Perry
Memorial Scholarship Fund, P.O. Box 14425, Gainesville, FL 32604 or
call Marie Emmerson at 352-273-6540 for more information.
Jill Pease

members who passed away recently

SFranklin L. Debusk

i r. Franklin L. DeBusk, who spent nearly 30
L years at UF as a professor of pediatrics, passed
S" away Nov. 27 in Brevard County. He was 84.
DeBusk, a Gainesville native, graduated from UF
in 1943 and went on earn his medical degree from
Johns Hopkins University.
After serving as a chief of pediatrics in the U.S.
Army and spending several years in private practice
in Pensacola, Fla., DeBusk came to back UF in 1966,
where he was named an assistant professor of
pediatrics in the College of Medicine.
He served as division chief of general pediatrics for
nearly 20 years, from 1966 until 1985. He also held a variety of positions, including
director of the UF birth defects center.
DeBusk spent significant time working with students and residents. In 1982, he
received the Hippocratic Award, considered the highest honor senior medical
students give one of their teachers.
As a researcher, Debusk was best known for his studies on progeria. The genetic
disease leads to premature aging in children. He also worked in and ran rural
clinics in North Florida until his retirement in 1994.
DeBusk was preceded in death by his wife, Elizabeth Anne Tisdale DeBusk.
He is survived by daughter Lynn DeBusk; sons William F. DeBusk and Thomas
A. DeBusk; grandchildren Monique D. DeBusk and Kathryne A. DeBusk; and
step-brother Aden K. Sowell. -Lauren Edwards


16 in Gainesville. He was 83.
Borndistin guished formerlis,
professor at the UF College of
Medicine, passed away Nov.
16 in Gainesville. He was 83.
Born in Minneapolis,
Gifford received his doctorate
in microbiology in 1955 from
the University of Minnesota,

where he began his teaching
career. Soon afterward, Gifford came to Florida, where he was one of the founding
faculty members in the UF College of Medicine.
Gifford served as a professor in the department of microbiology and held other
positions within the college, including acting chair of the department of
microbiology and associate dean for graduate education.
Gifford, known best for his research with the cancer-fighting agents interferon
and tumor necrosis factor, took his work around the world as a visiting professor in
Jerusalem and as a fellow in London. He also received grants from the American
Cancer Society and the National Institutes of Health.
Gifford retired from UF as a professor emeritus in 1991.
He was preceded in death by his wife, June, and is survived by a son, Charles, a
daughter, Sheryl, and grandchildren Kyle, Nicholas and Tiffany Byrne and their
families. -Lauren Edwards Q

Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events. U, I 31 1 21



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Gift will promote drug discovery at UF

By Linda Homewood
An internationally recognized scientist and graduate
research professor whose career in drug design and
delivery spans 40 years is giving a $600,000 gift to
promote drug research at the UF College of Pharmacy. Dr.
Nicholas Bodor, Ph.D., executive director of UF's Center for
Drug Discovery, and his wife Sheryl, wish to create a
professorship in drug discovery to continue the area of
teaching and research that he enjoyed for nearly 25 years at
UF's College of Pharmacy. The Bodors' gift will allow the
college to apply for state matching funds that will result in
something even bigger a $1 million endowment.
During his tenure at UF, Bodor supervised the training of
more than 150 graduate students and postdoctoral associates.
"Today, my students are working in all parts of the world
- including Europe, Asia and even Iceland," Bodor said. "It's
like seeing your children grow and become successful in their
own careers."
One former graduate student, Marcus Brewster, Ph.D., now
a distinguished research fellow at Johnson & Johnson
Pharmaceutical Research & Development in Belgium, recalls
his professor's mentoring back in the 1980s at UF.
"I learned so much working with Dr. Bodor," Brewster
said. "The science was the most important, but he provided

the full package for a future scientist, including how to
present your work and influence people on your points of
view. I learned networking, and how to problem-solve."
In 2000, Bodor took a leave of absence from his academic
posts to accept a position as senior vice president of basic
research and drug discovery at the IVAX Corporation. He
served as chief scientific officer of the IVAX Corporation for
four years.
Bodor's main research interests include design of drugs
with improved therapeutic index, design of new chemical
delivery systems, computer-assisted drug design, drug
transport and metabolism, and theoretical and mechanistic
organic chemistry. He has published more than 500 research
articles, has more than 180 patents and serves on the editorial
boards of several international scientific journals.
In 2004, Bodor was awarded the Gold Cross of Merit of the
Hungarian Republic the country's highest state honor.
The following year, he received an honorary doctorate from
UF. This November, Bodor accepted the Distinguished
Pharmaceutical Scientist Award from the American
Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists. The AAPS research
award recognizes researchers whose accomplishments
influenced pharmaceutical sciences and technologies. O

221 ;L* U I J U 3 Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events.

^ Ja. 17-18

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Christy Carter and husband Drake Morgan, an assistant professor of psychiatry in the College of Medicine, met on their first day
of graduate school at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. They've since gone from being classmates to colleagues,
often collaborating on similar research projects.

By Ann Griswold

If there's one thing Christy
Carter, Ph.D., has learned, it's
that you never know where
you're headed. When she first
walked the halls of Louisiana State
University as a college freshman,
she wanted to study medicine

and become a neurosurgeon.

"My dad was so excited because he was thinking,
'OK, she's going to buy me a Porsche when she
becomes a brain surgeon,'" recalled Carter, now an
assistant professor of aging and geriatrics and the
associate director of research for the Malcom
Randall Veterans Affairs Medical Center Geriatric
Research, Education and Clinical Center.
So much has happened since then.
Carter eventually did surprise her father with a
Porsche when he turned 50 ... but by then, her
dream of becoming a neurosurgeon had become
something of an inside joke. The virtual Porsche
she sent was bright red and rolled smoothly into
her father's inbox.
But if her choices elicited raised eyebrows at any
point during her younger years, most would agree
those decisions make perfect sense in hindsight.
"Memorizing stuff for the premed classes wasn't
appealing," Carter said. "I was working to put
myself through college and I had a car payment,

and I just didn't want to study anymore. I wanted to have fun."
So she dropped out of college and retreated about as far as one can retreat from the medical
field, at least in Shreveport, La.: to an upscale fabric store, where Carter spent long days
helping wealthy clientele select fabric for their spring wardrobes.
"It's really the best move I ever made because I had a lot of fun that year. I'd go out on
weekends and sometimes during the week, because all I had to do was get up and work," she
said. "It was nice not having that pressure."
But after a year, she'd had enough.
"I couldn't see myself working at a fabric store for the rest of my life," Carter says.
After trying her hand as a biology major at Northeast Louisiana State University and as an
English major at Louisiana Tech University, she finally packed up and moved to Colorado,
where she enrolled in college for the fourth time in three years, this time as a psychology
"The rest of the time during college, I was really focused -nose to the grindstone, studying
all the time. I needed to make up for those bad grades I'd gotten. But for me, (settling down)
was a relief; it was actually pushing me forward."
Her early experiences taught her to keep one eye on the path ahead and to take a step back
every now and then to make sure she was still headed in the right direction.
"Sometimes I didn't like where I was going and I needed to come up with a new path that
would make me happy," she says. "A huge part is just being in a particular place at a particular
time. You have to take advantage of opportunities that come your way, and those don't just
happen every day."
Today, Carter says she's pleased with where her decisions have led her, although the path
often seemed daunting and unpredictable. Now a researcher who studies aging, she seeks to
understand why even the most physically fit people lose muscle and gain fat as they age. She
still gets to perform brain surgery, but for now she's restricted to operating on rats.
"I wouldn't have imagined myself in this position, even 10 years ago," Carter says.
Maybe not, but according to her long-term mentor Marco Pahor, Ph.D., the director of
UF's Institute on Aging, Carter is a perfect fit for the job.
"Dr. Carter's enthusiasm and passion for research impressed me the first time she
interviewed in September 1999 for a postdoc position at the Sticht Center on Aging at Wake
Forest University," Pahor said. "Since then she has continued to pursue her keen interests in
scientific discovery with zest and wit. I am extremely proud of her achievements." Q

Visit us online @ http://news.health.ufl.edu/ for the latest news and HSC events. a-.. .I ZO3 L1 23

Staff members from the College of Dentistry and HSC said goodbye to one of
their favorite coworkers in November when Lindy McCollum-Brounley (center),
director of communications for the college, left for a position at the UF College
of Law. Posing for this shot with Brounley are (from left) Emel Ozdora, Tom
Fortner, Catherine Jenkins and Dr. Teresa Dolan.

UF Master of Public Health students Cuc Tran and Carmen
Glotfelty won the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of HIV/
AIDS Condom Art Competition held in honor of World AIDS Day.
The contest was open to all Florida colleges and universities. Each
participating school was given 2,000 condoms, and students were
required to use all of them in their art projects. UF's winning entry,
"United We Test," depicts Albert and Alberta getting tested for HIV.
The umbrella they are holding signifies protection.

The College of Nursing gets festive for the holidays by adorning a Santa Claus
hat atop the bust of founding Dean Dorothy M. Smith.

Published by
UF Health Science Center
Office of News & Communications
Senior Vice President,
Health Affairs
Douglas J. Barrett, M.D.
Director, News &
Tom Fortner
April Frawley Birdwell

Senior Editors
Melanie Fridl Ross, John Pastor
Mickey Cuthbertson
Staff Writers
April Frawley Birdwell, Tracy Brown,
Sarah Carey, Anney Doucette, Ann
Griswold, Linda Homewood, Lindy
McCollum-Brounley, Patricia Bates
McGhee, John Pastor, Jill Pease,
Melanie Fridl Ross

Contributing Writers
Lauren Edwards

Sarah Kiewel
Support Staff
Cassandra Jackson, Beth Powers,
Kim Smith

The POST is the monthly internal
newsletter for the University of
Florida Health Science Center, the
most comprehensive academic
health center in the Southeast,

with campuses in Gainesville
and Jacksonville and affiliations
throughout Florida. Articles feature
news of interest for and about HSC
faculty, staff and students. Content
may be reprinted with appropriate
credit. Ideas for stories are welcome.
The deadline for submitting items to
be considered for each month's issue
is the 15th of the previous month.
Submit to the editor at afrawley@ufl.
edu or deliver to the Office of News &
Communications in the Communicore
Building, Room C3-025.

F Health Science Center



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