Special Issue: WINTpER SOLDIER HEARINGS
Iraq and Afghantistant vets tell their role in the occupations
U.S. war veterans speak at
Winter Soldier hearing
Winter Soldier: Iraq and Afghanistan
was held March 13th through March
16th, 2'008 at the National Labor Col-
lege in Silver Spring,' MD. It was
sponsored by Iraq Veterans Against
the War, with the help and support of
Veterans for Peace, Vietnam Veterans
Against the War, Military Families
Speak Out, and others.
The term "Winter Soldier" comes
from Thomas Paine, during the
American Revolution, when he spoke
of and gave thanks to those "Winter
Continued page 2...
Camilo Mbl~raga-Lewy, 9, protests the
5th anniversary of the war in Iraq. at
University and 13th St. He said, "It is
never too late to learn that it is norgood
tonight others] of your same species. or
any other species for that matter."
March 26, 2008 -Former U.S.
Marine Corps machine gunner John
Michael Turner leaned over the
microphone, his voice choking with
emotion, the words barely forcing
i themselves out, the tears barely held
There's a term 'Once a Marine,
Always a Marine,'" he said, ripping
Soff his medals and throwing them
to the ground. "But there's also
the expression 'Eat the apple, f* @
the Corps, I don't work for you no
more." Continued page 15 ...
Some of the 200 Winter Soldiers, veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghani-
stan, gather for a group photo at the Winter Soldier: Iraq and Afghanistan
hearing in Maryland, March 13-16. Photo: Mary Bahr., Veterans for Peace.
Soldiers" who stayed past their en-
listment, fought during the winter at
Valley Forge and helped turn,the tide
and win the Revolution.
In 1971, during the American war
against the people of Vietnam,
American veterans, sponsored by
Vietnam Veterans Against the War,
held the first "Winter Soldier Inves-
tigation," (WSI) "An Inquiry into
American War Crimes."
The idea was that the American pub-
lic had a right to know the true nature
of the conduct of the war against
Vietnam, that the American public
was not getting that information from
the American government, and that
it was the duty of Patriotic American
I was onte of the Vietnam Vet-
erans who testified at the jirst
Winter Soldier Investigation in
1971. I went there supporting
the war but believing the public
had a right to the truth.
Veterans to continue to serve our
country, after serving in Vietnam, by
providing the public with the reality
of the war as carried out by us, the
troops on the ground, with our first-
I was one of the Vietnam Veterans
who testified at the first Winter
Soldier Investigation. I went there
supporting the war but believing the
public had a right to the truth. Dur-
ing the course of 3 days, the environ-
ment allowed me grow personally
and politically. During my inter-
views with filmmakers, I was asked
questions in a non-threatening man-
ner that I had never been asked and
had never thought about before.
The process of thinking about the
questions and giving honest answers
allowed me to come to the realization
streaming tears every day.
While thinking about writing this
article, I am overwhelmed by the fact
that there is so much to tell about the
testimony and I will only be able to
relate a small portion of what I heard.
At the first Winter Soldier,' we came
as we we're. Most of us had long
hair, beards, wore T-shirts and jeans,
and testified using all of the profanity
that we were used to.
At Winter Soldier: Iraq and Af-
ghanistan, everyone who testified
was dressed in business-type attire
and, because of the live coverage,
there was very little profanity. This
approach allows those who judge
people by their looks and language
to be more open to the information
that these veterans have brought with
their first-hand accounts. This was a
Winter Soldier: Iraq and Afghanistan
lasted 4 days and.consisted ~of 13
panels. The panels were:
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that the war was wrong. I also made
the decision to join with the other
veterans there to help turn Vietnam
Veterans Against the War into a na-
tional organization known as VVAW,
Inc. and to work against the war.
It was our hope that we would not
only end the war but thirt our country
would learn from the mistakes of
Vietnam and never allow this to hap-
pen to another American generation.
So it was with mixed feelings that
I attended Winter Soldier: Iraq and
On one hand, I am very unhappy, to
say the least, that my government
has done to my children's generation
in the sands of Iraq the very same .
thing that it did to my generation in
the rice paddies of Vietnam. The fact
that I and many other good citizens
have been helpless in our attempts to
control our government has also been
very discouraging. .
On the other hand, I know what it
is like to be a combat veteran who
wants to educate
the public and
stop the war and "cD's" Tee
who does not
have support of
other veterans. Seilzn n
I could not let
that happen to BOB MARLEY T
this generation's MUDCLOTH -
combat veter- ETHNIC BELTI
ans. So I am BUTTER -OILS
proud to support BASKETS FLA
and stand -by Natural Hair Style
the members of
Iraq Veterans G
Against the War.
I thought that I Hours: Wed.-Fr
would be able Phone: (35:
to handle the
testimony but E-mail: E
I found myself It's Own Or Be O
IGUANJA, kPRIL 2008, PAGE. 2
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understanding and support. This
allows us to make ourselves vulner-
able, open up and bare our souls.
This is very therapeutic for us and is
as important to me as is giving the
public an accurate picture.0f what we
are doing on the ground.
My good friend Zollie Goodman
testified on "The Crisis inVeter-
ans' Healthcare" panel. Zollie and
his wife Daisy have become good
friends of my wife Sherry and~ me.
They stay with us whenever they vis-
it Gainesville. Zollie testified about
Many of us feel that civilians
will not understand us, that they
do not understand the real na-
ture of warfare, or that they will
how, while he was deployed, Daisy
started having complications with her
pregnancy.. She was unable to get
medical help and lost their child.
Daisy sat with us during Zollie's
testimony and was devastated. Later,
I asked them why they had never told
us about this. Daisy said that it was
a private matter and they did not tell
people about it because it was too
painful. They did not intend to share
this story when they went to Winter
Soldier, but the Btmosphere there,
with everyone opening up and mak-
ing themselves vulnerable, allowed
them to also open up and get some
of that weight off of their shoulders.
This is the magic that I am talking
On the same panel, Joyce and Kevin
Lucey testified. Their son, Corporal
Jeffrey Lucey, was having psycho-
logical problems after coming home
from Iraq. He tried to get help at the
VA. The red tape, run-around and
long delays in being, able to get help
ended when Joyce and- Kevin came
Winter Soldier and the Legacy of GI
Rules of Engagement: Part 1
The Crisis in Veterans' Healthcare
Corporate Pillaging and Military
Rules of Engagement: Part 2
Aims of the Global War on Terror:
the Political, Legal, and Economic
context of Iraq and Af'ghanistan
Divide to Conquer: Gender and
Sexuality in the Military
Racism and War: the Dehumaniza-
tion of the Enemy: Part 1
Racism and War: the Dehumaniza-
tion of the Enemy: Part 2
Civilian Testimony: The Cost of War
in Iraq and Afghanistan
The Cost of the War at Home
The Breakdown of the Military
The Future of GI Resistance *
I have 24 pages of notes from these
4 days and I am going to touch on
some of the things that impacted me
the most. There was a kind of magic
at the first Winter Soldier that was
repeated at the second.
When veterans come home from war,
they become dispersed throughout
our civilian society. Regardless of
which war we fought in, we tend not
to share our painful experiences with
others, especially those who are close
to us. Many of us feel that civilians
will not understand us, that they do
not understand the real nature of war-
fare, or that they will be judgmental.
We don't want to burden our loved
ones with our pain so vie keep it in-
side of us, where sometimes it festers
and explodes in fits of anger that we
don't even always understand. This
is not healthy and some of our PTSD
(post-traumatic stress disorder)
spreads. to the very loved ones we try
to protect with o~ur silence.
At Winter Soldier, we become sur-
rounded by others just like ourselves.
We know that there will be lots of
IGUANA, APRIL: 2008, PAGE 3
didn't matter -- he was violating the
rules by being out there at night and
so it was okay to shoot him.
I was surprised to learn that people
-carrying shovels were legitimate tar-
gets because they use shovels to bury
explosive devices: You don't want
Sr to go out on your roof with your cell
phone to get better reception because
people using cell phones on a roof
top are legitimate targets since cell
phones are used to set off explosive
devices. Some soldiers carry shov-
els and extra rifles with them (called
at the drop weapons) so they can drop them
oh dead bodies to justify the kill-
ing. I guess you might call this an
improvement from Vietnam since
we did not have to plant weapons to
justify our killing.
It does not matter what you think
or believe about a war or what your
intentions are before you get there.
Once you are there and the reality of
war hits you, you change. As soon
as you see friends getting killed and
wounded, the Mission changes. The
new Mission becomes Survival; you
want you and your buddies to make it
home safe and sound.
The nature of a war of occupation
is such that things only get worse.
When you cannot tell the difference
between the people who support you
and the people who want to harm
you, you make mistakes. Everyone
is a potential enemy. You tend to err
Son the side of safety for you and jrour
A Marine named Jason Washburn
told how a woman was coming to-
ward them carrying a large bag. He
raised his hand to motion her to stop;
she did not. Acting out of fear of an
explosive, they killed her. The bag
turned out to be groceries; she was
bringing food to thedi. Not only does
I~ ~ I
Winter Soldiers Chyfton HicksF (of Gainesville) and Ste~ven Casey testify
hearings. Photo: Mary Bahr.
home to find their son Jeffrey dead -
- he had hung himself. Kevin told us
how the night before, Jeffrey asked
his dad if he could sit on his lap.
His father rocked Jeffrey, a combat
Marine, on his lap as they held on to
each other. It was Jeffrey's last place
of refuge. In his suicide letter, he
apologized to his parents and asked
them to please rememb,er him as the
happy kid he was before he went into
The Luceys spoke about how when
Jeffrey was in Iraq: they worried and
prayed for his safety. They thought
once he got home he would be fine.
The son who came home was dif-
ferent from the son who left and he
had more psychological pain than he
could live with. The Luceys never
realized that their son's psychological
damage could be fatal-
This made me think that most people
who have loved ones serving in Iraq
and Afghanistan are only think-
ing about their physical safety and
aren't prepared for the psychological
damage that their loved ones will
come horite with. This is a hidden
epidemic -- its surface is just being
scratched. The majority of those
who have served in Iraq and Afghan-
istan are still serving; of those who
halve gotten out of the service, 33%
have filed with the VA for PTSD.
According to a CBS study, "~One age
group stood out. Veterans aged 20
through 24, those who have served
during the war on terror. They had
the highest suicide rate among all
veterans, estimated between two and
four times higher than civilians the
same age." The study also found "In
2005, for example, in just 45 states;
there were at least 6,256 suicides
among those who served in the
armed forces. That's 120 each and .
every week, in just one year "
Rules of Engagement
The testimony from the Rules of
Engagement panels was very similar
to Winter Soldier 1.
Jeff Smith of Orlando testified that
the turning point for him came when
a farmer was shot and killed while
irrigating his crops at night. The
reason he was irrigating his crops
at night is that that was when the -
electricity came on and provided the
water. What upset Jeff the mb~st was
that his superiors knew that was why
the farmer was out there, but that
IOUANA, APRIu 2008, PAGE 4
ing. Liam Madden, a Marine, said,
"Making the enemy into something
iless than huimanl is fundamental to
prosecuting a war."
The Cost of the War at Home
Adrienne Kinney, a former NSA
(National Security Agency) employ-
ee, spoke about how they broke the
rules, spied on Americans and were
told not to mention it in their reports.
Once you are there and the real-
ity of war hits you, you change.
As soon as you see fends get-
ting killed and wounded, the
Mission changes. The new Mis'-
sion becomes Survival;
They spied on journalists, the Red
Cross and NGOs (non-governmental
organizations). She spoke of how all
of these things are now legal and the
destruction of the U.S. Constitution
is the most damaging cost of this war.
Carlos Arredondo, whose son Alex
was killed in Iraq, spoke with anger
about how the military is allowed to
come on high school campuses and
"seduce" the children. When the,Ma-
rines came to his home to notify him
about his son's death, Carlos ordered
them to leave. When they refused,
he took a can of gasoline and burned
their vehicle. He got caught in the
fire, received 3rd degree burns and
was taken to the hospital. His bill
was $42,000 and the hospital put a
lien on his house to get their pay-
Divide to Conquer: Gender and
Sexuality in the Military
Jeff Key, a Marine, spoke about the
idea that showing your emotions and
-crying is somehow "feminine" or
Margaret Stevens said that for many
female recruits, their first sexual
this scar our troops but you better
believe that the family and friends of
that women are no longer supporting
ouk troops. You end up with what
is called a dead man's spiral. The
harder our troops fight to survive, the
more they err; the more people they
drive into the arms of those trying
to kill our troops, the more casual-
ties we take. This is the opposite of
"Winning Hearts and Minds".
A number of the people who testified
made public apologies to the Iraqis
for what they had done.
The fact of the matter is that we
invaded Iraq and destroyed their way
of life to impose upon them a way of
life that our government in its conde-
scending arrogance considered better
for them. We did this in violation
of international law and in my mind
in violation of ethical and moral
conduct. What our government now
hopes to accomplish for the people of
Iraq is a country that is stable, where
the different factions are not trying
to kill each other, where there is no
tolerance for Al-Qaeda or Hezbollah,
where the people have running water,
electricity, food in the stores, medli-
cine in the hospitals, physical safety
on the streets. We would want them
to be secular rather than fundamen-
talist. This is what our government
would consider victory and this is
exactly what the people of Iraq had
under Saddam Hussein.
I know of no way that we can, with
Force of arms, take this society that
we smashed and crippled and give
the people back the stability that they
The Racism and War: the Dehu-
manization of the Enemy panels
show us another side of war. In
order for our troops to be willing to
kill others, they must be trained to
believe that the lives of our people
are more valuable than the lives of
the inhabitants of the country we
happen to be occupying. They must
believe that the other side has it com..
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 5
Winter Soldier panel Rules of Enganement 2. Phoro: Mary Barl,; W/~re-rans for Pearce.
ericounter is with their recruiter. In
the West Los Angeles VA Healthcare
Center, 41% of woman veterans
have reported being sexually as-
saulted while serving in the military.
According to the Department of
Defense, in 2006 there were 2947
sexual assaults in the military and in
2007 only 8% of the accused rapists
were referred for Courts-Martial.
Anyone think that the military is a
good career choice for your daugh-
Corporate Pillaging and Military
Kelly Dougherty, who served as an
'MP, spoke about how her unit would
use deadly force to protect KBR
(Kellogg, Brown & Root) vehicles
and when the vehicles would break
down, they would abandon them and
destroy them on a daily basis. Since
all of the no-bid contracts are cost
plus contracts, the contractors get
back all of the money for their cost
including replacement of abandoned
vehicles and, on top of that, they get
a percentage of all their costs. So the
more they waste, the more money
The privatization of the war has
made the use of mercenary forces
from companies like Blackwater
very profitable for the private sector
and, since they get paid an enor-
mously larger salary than the troops,
this drives up our cost as taxpay-
ers. These mercenaries also operate
outside the rules of wlar and are not
hel.d accountable for their actions. In
fact, they have immunity. It was the
killing of 4 Blackwater contractors
in Fallujah that resulted in the turn-
ing of Fallujah into a free fire zone
resulting in the death of thousands
of Iraqis and many Marines. The
uncontrolled conduct of these con-
tractors has actually undermined our
efforts and the safety of our troops.
It seems to me that we need a con-
stitutional amendment that says that
any time American troops are in a
war, all corporations that supply the
troops and the war effort must do so
at cost; in other words, no war profi-
teering permitted! If our children are
asked to prove their patriotism by
being willing to give up their lives
and safety for their country, why
shouldn't-the corporations be willing
to prove their patriotism by giving up
their profit for their country in time
Aims of the Global War on Terror:
the Political, Legal, an~d Economic
context of Iraq and Afghanistan.
This panel was about the obvious
-- that this is really a war for oil and
that this war is illegal. Amy Good- .
man, host of "Democracy Now!,"
hit the nail on the head. She spoke
about how the consolidation of the
media has narrowed the spectrum of
opinion that used to allow us to see
different sides of an issue. She spoke
of how private corporations use the
public airways for profit and power,
not for the public good.
I remember in high school when they
used to teach the proud history of
our revolutionary heritage, we were
taught that the press was actually the
4th branch of the government and
the press's duty was to be the public
eye on the other three branches. The
consolidation of the media has taken
away our public eye and replaced it
with corporate government propa-
It was the exposure of the massacre
at My Lai, March 16th, 1968 (with
photos in Life Magazine) that led
to the first Winter Soldier. The last -
day of the Winter Soldier: Iraq and
Afghanistanz testimony took place on
the 40th anniversary of this tragic
The first Winter Solder Investigation
had 3 days of panels; they were all
recorded on film. The film was made
into a 93-minute documentary called
IGvUANA, APRIL 2008, PAG 6
Students Against War are
coordinating a Florida Winter
Solider hearing to be held on
Tuesday evening, April 8th at
the Presbyterian Student Cen-
ter, 1402 W. Univ. Ave. Info:
uftakingastand @ yahoo.com or
call Terry, 850-748-2127
SOLD HELEN WARREN
ERA Trend Realty
ERIA Gainsv81, FL.32606
expenien~e fhis anciendt andf
"Winter Soldier." All of the rest of
the film was destroyed in a fire, lost
forever; all we have left today is
that 93 minutes. The press ignored
our Winter Soldier so, until recently
when the film was re-released on
DVD, most people had never even
heard of it. This time, Winter
Soldier: Iraq and Afghanistan was
streamed live and blogged all over
the world via the Internet and even
though the "main stream corporate
press" of the United States ignored it,
internationally, Winter Soldier: Iraq
and Afghanistan was the number one
news story on the first day of testi-
There is no way that this history can
be covered up.
The Civilian Testimony: The Cost
of War in Iraq and Afghanistan
panel was another heartbreaking
panel. As a parent, it made me angry
to hear mothers speak about how
"terrifying" it was for their children
having armed soldiers breaking -
down their doors in the middle of the
night pointing guns and screaming
at them while the men of the fam-
ily were bound, hooded and taken
away. Every time they spoke of
how "terrorizing" it was for their
children, it stung my soul. I wonder
how many Americans would be okay
with this happening in our homes to
our children. It struck me that if the
drsn' mha mak ues hne tter ed, ts
The Future of GI Resistance
Camilo Meija said it all, "We are
still soldiers. We are just not their
soldiers anymore. We are the new
Winter Soldiers." ,
For more information on Winter Sol-
dier: Iraq and Afghanistan go to:
http ://w ww. afri. org/~vetpe ace/
Scott Camil was a Marine .
in Vietnamn. He currently l(
of Veterans for Peace.
Mary Bahtr, another
Gainesville Veteran I
for Peaces blogged
throughout the event.
Hier blog is at www.
Her record of events
h lpd Scott with this
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 7
Emmanuel continued: "We took fire
while trying to blow up a bridge.
Many of the attackers were part of
the general population. This led to
our squad shooting at everything and
anything in order to push through the
town. I remember myself emptying
magazines into the town, never
identifying a target."
As other panelists nodded in
agreement, Emmanuel spoke of
abusing prisoners who he knew were
innocent, adding, "We took it upon
ourselves to harass them, and took
them to the desert to throw them out
of our Humvees, while kicking and
punching them when we threw thert
TIwo other soldiers testified about
planting weapons or shovels on
civilians they had accidentally shot,
to justify the killings by implying
the dead were fighters or people
attempting to plant roadside bombs.
Jason Washburn was a corporal in
the Marines and served three tours in
Iraq, his last in Haditha from 2005-
"We were encouraged to bring 'drop
weapons' or shovels, in case we
February 2004-2005 in the city
of Baquba, 25 mi. northeast of
Baghdad. He said his first experience
in Iraq was being on a patrol~that
killed two Iraqi farmers as they
worked in their field at night.
"I was told they were out in the
fields farming because their pumps
only operated with electricity, which
meant they had to go out in the
dark when there was electricity," he
explained. "I asked the sergeant, if
he knew this, why did he fire on the
men. He told me because the men
were out after curfew. I was never
given another ROE during my time
Another veteran of the occupation
of Iraq on the panel was Vincent
Emmanuel. He served in the Marines
near the northern Iraqi city of al-
Qaim during 2004-2005. Emmanuel
explained that "taking potshots at
cars that drove by" happened all the
time, and "these were not isolated
March 17, 2008-Garret
Reppenhagen received integral
training about the Geneva
Conventions and the rules of
engagement during his deployment
in Kosovo. Buyin Iraq, "much of
This was thrown out the window," he
'"The men I served with are .
professionals," Reppenhagen told the
audience at a panel of U.S. veterans
speaking of their experiences in Iraq
and Afghanistan. "They went to Iraq
to defend the U.S. But we found
rapidly we were killing Iraqis in
horrible ways. But we had to in order
to remain safe ourselves. The war is
The event, which has drawn
International media attention, was
organized by Iraq Veterans Against
the War. It aims to show that their
store's of wrongdoing in both
countries were not isolated incidents
limited to a few "bad apples," as the
SP'entpgon claims, but were everyday
The panel on the "Rules of
Engagement" (ROE) during the first
full day of the gathering, named
"Winter Soldier" to honor a similar
gathering 30 years ago of veterans
of the Vietnam War, was held in
front of a visibly moved audience of
several hundred, including veterans
from Iraq, Afghanistan, and Vietnam.
SWinter soldiers, according to UI.S.
founding father Thomas Paine, are
the people who stand up for the soul
of their counti-y, even in its darkest
Reppenhagen served in Iraq from
Live radio coverage of the hearings, by Pacifica
Bahr, Veterans for Peace.
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE g
Iraq vet: Rules of Engagement
' Thrown out the window'
APR lI 2; ~RD A N UAL
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508 N.W. 35th Terrace Phone: (352) 371-2333
Gainesville, FL 326i07 Fax: (352) 371-9203
EMILY FPANCK HCDEN PhD
253 N.W. 41st STREEL GAINESVILLE. FL 32606
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accidentally shot a civilian, we could
drop the weapon on the body and
pretend they were an insurgent," he
said. "By the third tour, if they were
carrying a shovel or bag, we could
shoot them. So we carried these tools
and weapons in our vehicles, so we
could toss them on civilians when
we shot them. This was commonly
Washburn explained that his ROE
changed "a lot."
"The higher the threat level, the more
viciously we were told to respond.
We had towns that were deemed -
'free-fire zones.' One time there was
a mayor of a town near Haditha that
got shot up. We were shown this as
an example because there was a nice
tight shot group on the windshield,
and told that was a good job, that was
what Marines were supposed to do.
And that was the mayor of the town."
Jason Wayne Lemue is a Marine who
served three tours in Iraq.
"My commander told me, 'Kill those
who need to be killed, and save those
who need to be saved,' that was our -
mission on our first tour," he said
of his first deployment during the
invasion nearly five years ago. .
Lemue continued, "After that, the
ROE changed, and carrying a shovel,
or standing on a rooftop talking
on a cell phone, or being out after
curfew [meant the people] were to
be killed. I can't tell you how many
people died because of this. By my
third tour, we were told to just shoot
people, and the officers would take
care of us.'.
John Michael Turner served two
tours in the Marines as a ~machine
gunner in Iraq. ...Turner explained
one reason why establishment media
reporting about the occupation in
the U.S. has been largely sanitized.
"Anytime we had embedded
reporters, our actions changed
drastically," he explained. "We did
everything by the books, and were
To conclude, an emotional Turner
said, "I want to say I'm sorry for the
hate and destruction that I and others
have inflicted on innocent people. It
is not okay, and this is happening,
and until people hear what is going
on this is going to continue. I am no
longer the monster that I once was.''
E ilns-in or Takeout
Best Chinese Food in Town
Open seven days a week
M-Th.: 11 am- 10:30pm
Fri, Sat.: 11am 11pm
Sunday: noon 1.0:30pm
421 NW 13th St.
(352) 336-6566 .
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 9
Call if this includes misinformation or inaccurate phone numbers: 378-5655.
Edible Plant Project Local collective to create
Environmental Action Group www.grove.uff.
Florida Coalition for Peace & Justice State-
wide organization; PO Box 336, Graham, FL
32042; fcpj.org; 352-468-3295.
Florida Defenders of the Environment Restore
the Ocklawaha and preserve Florida's other
natural resources; 378-8465, www.fladefenders.
Florida Free Culture UF student group promot-
ing cultural participation, public interest intellec-
tual property policy. http://uf~freeculture.org
Fla School of Traditional Midwifery Clearing-
house for information, activities & educational
programs. Info: 338-0766.
Food Not Bombs Direct action group to redis-
tribute food to hungry. Food prep. Saturday
12-2pm, serves food at 2:30, downtown plaza
Frontrunners Active group for gays, lesbians
& friends; meet for run/walk Sundays &
Wednesday (call for time), Thomas Center.
Gainesville Area AIDS Project Dedicated to
funding social events for people infected and
affected by HIV/AIDS; events, drop-in center:
Gainesvi~te Citizens for Alternatives to the
Death Penalty Meets Ist Tuesday of month at
St. Augustine's Hurley House, 6 pm; execution
vigil info: 376-1077; general info: 378-1690, PO
Box 13024, Gainesville 32604.
Gainesville Community Alliance Socially
oriented group for gays, lesbians, bis & friends.
Info: 373-3557; www.gcaonline.org.
Gainesville-Cuba Friendship Network Local
group opposing embargo &r promoting normal-
ized relations with Cuba; info: 386-418-3791.
Gainesville Women's Liberation The first
women's liberation group in the South, formed
in 1968. Teaches radical feminist ideas and
theory through consciousness-raisings ,speak-
outs, actions, community classes, the Redstock-
ings Women's Liberation Archives for Action,
an 2h 7 udt Br wmEn rwmt n olrsIp
Gator Freethought an atheist, agnostic &
freethinking student association, http://www.
Gator Gay-Straight Alliance Anti-discrimina-
tion organization at www.gatorgsa.org.
Gator NAACP To inform youth on problems,
affecting blacks & minorities, and develop
intelligent & militant youth leadership; naacp@3
County's population of older adults. Info: http://
groups.yahoo.coln/grouplCCOAGroup or Sr.
Services at 264-6700-
Civic Media Center Reading room & library
of the non-corporate press, 1021 W. Univ. Ave;
2-8 pm, Mon-Th., 2-6 Fri & Sat. Info: 373-
0010; www.civiemediacenter.org. `
Code Pink: Women for Peace Women-led
grassroots peace & social justice movement uti-
lizing creative protest, non-violent direct action,
and community involvement; contact jacque@
Communist Party USA, North Fla Section '
Marxist-Leninist party of the working class
founded 1919; info: firstname.lastname@example.org-
Community Coalition Against War & Terror-
ism Gainesville's umbrella peace group. Meets
at Wilhelmina Johnson Center, 321 NW 10th St,
6 pm on the 4th Thursday of each month. 377-
4601 www.civicmediacenter.org/ccawt- -
ConservaticonTr~ust for Florida, Inc. A non-
profit land trust working to protect Florida's
rural landscapes, wildlife corridors, and natural
areas. P.O. Box 134, Micanopy, PC 32667, 352- .
CopyNight Gainesville Monthly social meetup
for people interested in copyright reform. All
ages. Artists, lawyers, technologists especially
welcome. www.copynight.org, gainesville@
Critical Resistance Working on issues of pris-
ons &r prisonuer rights; www.criticalresistance.
org or call 338-1140.
P.O. Box 13761, Gainesville, 32604
Cultural Arts Coalition Promoting educational
and cultural activities in Gainesville's African-
American community for over 15 years. Contact
Nkwanda Jah, 372-0216.
Democratic Party Center of Alachua County
Open 12-3, M-Th. and 12-6 Friday at 901 NW
8th Ave., Suite A-3 (blue door) 373-1730.
Demcrc fr Aom ca e owat s et nking,
The Dignity Project Inc. Non-profit that
provides the economically disadvantaged with
vehicles and computers. Low cost vehicles
available for purchase also. 371-6792
Drinking Liberally social networking group
for moderate and left-leaning individuals.
Promoting Democracy One Pint at a Time 4th
Wednesday at Brophy's Irish Pub 7-9pm. www.
Acrosstown Repertory Theatre Grassroots,
cross-cultural theater at 619 S. Main St. (Baird
Ctr). Info: 375-1321; www.acrosstown.org.
Alachua County Coalition for the Homeless
and Hungry Meets 3rd Wednesdays, SeFraticis
House, 9 am; www.acchh.org, 378-0460.
Alachua County Labor Party Just Health Care
committee works on universal health care; P.O.
Box 12051, Gainesville 32602; 375-2832.
Alachua County NAACP Meets 4th Thursdays,
1105 NW 5th Ave. Info: Michael Bowie, 392-
9196, ext. 21.
All-African People's Revolutionary 14lrty Pan-
African socialist party working for African libera-
tion worldwide. 352-514-7364 email poorvida@
American Civil Liberties Union ACLU defends
Bill of Righits; board meetings open to public, 3rd
Wednesday, 7 pm, SFCC Downtown boardroom.
Info: 338-7727; PO Box 1534, Gainesville 32602.
Amnesty International Gainesville chapter of
worldwide human rights movement; UFAmnes-
Animal Activists of Alachua Raising awareness
of animal exploitation semi-monthly meetings;
Asian Student Union Umbrella organization
including Chinese, Filipino, Korean & Vietnamese
student groups; contact 392-1665 x 325
Black Student Union Organization of African-
American students at UF: 392-1665, ext 321.
Books for Prisoners Meets Mondays, 7 pm, at
Books, Inc; PO Box 12164, Gainesville 32602;
Bridges Across Borders Fla-based international
collaboration of activists, artists, students &
educators supporting cultural diversity & global
Campus Am. Civil Liberties Union Defends
personal freedoms & civil rights. Info: caclu@
Campu d ntrp emeC llc ve- ase cu
Central Labor Council of N. Central Florida
Representing the working people of affiliated
unions in 13 Fl'a counties. Info: 352-372-6888.
Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction Syn-
drome Support Network 352-281-8244.
Community Coalition for Older Adults Area
citizens helping solve problems for Alachua
IGUANA, SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2007, PAGE 10
Ig uantaDirector y
National Lawyers Guild Dedicated to basic
and progressive change in the structure of
our political and economic system. The Guild
works locally, nationally and internationally
as a political and social force in the service of
the people. Meets first Thursdays of the month,
6:30-7:30 p.m. at Southern Legal Counsel,
1229 N.W. 12th Avenue, Gainesville. Info:
National Organization for Women
Campus NOW: email email@example.com
Gainesville Area NOW: for meeting info,
contact Lori at 377-2301.
Judy Levy NOW: for meeting info, contact
Laura Bresko 332-252s.
NORML UF www.norml.com
North Florida Friends of Air Americit Radio
Promotes listening to this network of progres-
sive radio talk-show hosts, political cbmmen-
tators and entertainers. Blog, stream, listen
live and become an 'Air American' at www.
airamerica.com. Also on XM Satellite Channel
167. Join the mailing list: airamnericafriends@
North Florida Homeschoolers Association
Pax Christi Local chapter of national Catholic
peace & justice movement; supports local
Catholic Worker House. 271-6941
Peace Alliance. Advocating the principles of
non-violence through education and conflict
resolution in the community and nationally.
Meets 3rd Mondays at the 2nd St. Bakery 7
p.m. Brian 256-8202.
Pride Community Center of North Central
Florida at 3131 NW 13th St. resources for the
Rural Women's Health Project Local health
education organization developing materials
for migrant & rural women on health, AIDS &
empowerment. Info: 372-1095.
Sierra Club Meets first Thursdays, 7:30 pm
at UF Entomology & Nematology Building,
Room 1035. Info: 371-1991.
Solar City meets Thursdays at noon at Books,
Inc. to discuss alternative energy.
Students Against War Meets Tuesdays 7pm
bn campus in the amphitheater by Reitz
Union email: UFTakingAStand@ yahoo.com
Check out our facebook group page.
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
meet Mondays at 6:30 pm at Civic Media Cen-
Students Making aade Fair offairtrade@
Students Organizing for Justice & Action
Student led coalition at UF supporting goals
& practice of affirmative action: listsery at
Gay Switchboard Referral line Mon/Wed/Fri,
3-7 pm, Saturday 12-4 pm. Info: 377-8915.
GI Rights Hotline Advising military .
personnel & recruits on service-related issues:
Graduate Assistants United Represents all UF
grad assistants. Fighting for improved working
conditions, community involvement, and aca-
demic freedom. 238 Norman Hall, 392-0274.
Green Party Meeting times & places vary.386-
Greening UF Advocating campus sustainability
through waste reduction & recycling; 273-1174;
www.sustainable.ufl .edu '
Habitat for Humanity Building low-income
homes in Alachua County; Sat. work days. Info:
Harvest of Hope Foundation Distributes emer-
gency and educational financial aid to migrant
farmworkers and their families across the country.
Philip Kellerman, 352-372-1312 or www.harvest-
Hemlock Society Local chapter of right-to-die
organization; info: 373-9732.
Human Rights Awareness on Campus wolf7@
Human Rights Council of N.C. Fla Not-for-
profit educational organization dedicated to
fighting bigotry &r anti-gay propaganda. Info:
Humanist Society of Gainesville Monthly
discussion group on variety of topics. Info: 373-
5377; www.gainesvillehuman~ists.org .
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
Gainesville General Membership Branch.
Call Jaime 372-2705.
Interweave Gay/les/bi & allies educational &
support group, based at Unitarian Fellowship.
Gator Linux Users Meets to support "open
software," a free alternative to proprietary ap-
plications imposed by the Microsoft monopoly.
Visit www.gatorlug.org, email info~gatorlug.org
or call 373-0023.
Mahogany Revue Regional black newspaper:
"'Mama Raga" Lesbian identified newsletter at
PO Box 141674, G'ville, FL 32614. mama_raga_
firstname.lastname@example.org or www.mamaraga.com.
Matagalpa Sister City Project Info: Robin,
Mind Over Matter Economic development,
community organizing & revitalization; 392-
Nakba 48 Advocacy group for Palestinian
TRXI to the
will be shown at the
Friday April 11 through Thurs-
day, April 17., 7 and 9 p.m.
Students for a Human Soclety Dedicated to
fostering improvement of the human condition as
a central theme in student life. www.studentsfo-
Sustainable Alachua County For more info,
UF Pride Student Union A group of gay,
lesbian, bi and straight students &r non-students,
faculty and staff Info: 392-1665, ext. 310; 310
E JWRU, Gainesville FL 32611; http://sg.ufl.
United Nations Association Info: 378-1560.
United Way 2-1-1 is an information &r referral
service that links people with questions to re-
sources with answers, using community database.
To give or get help call 2-1-1 or 332-4636. www.
Vegetarian Events A non-profit educational
organization in Alachua County. Info: 386-454-
Veg-4-Life Vegan Potluck. First Saturday of
each month, 6 p.m. at the Unitarian Fellowship.
Veterans for Peace Meet monthly. Info: 375-
2563 or PO Box 142562, Gvl, FL 32614; www.
Virgil Hawkins Pre-Law Society whiterozl4@
Volunteers for International Student Affairs
(VISA) Umbrella organization of international
students & ethnic minorities at UF. 392-1665
Vox: Voices for Planned Parenthood Local
chapter dedicated to educating the community
about threats to reproductive & sexual rights and
freedom. president~ufvox.org; www.ufvox.org
IGUANA;, SEPTEMBER/OcroBER 2007, PAGE 11
WUFT-FM (89.1) now broad-
casts Fresh Air, noon, Mon-Fri;
also Alternaztive.Radio now airs
at 6:30 pm on Mondays.
Alt. Radio: Richard Grossman
on "Rolling Back Corporate
Power", WUFT-FM, 7 pm.
Emmanuel Xavier, Reitz
Union Grand Ballroom, 7-9
pmn: part of Pride Month; info
Maxed Out is CMC film, 8 pm.
A Crude Awakening:
The Oil Crisis is CMC
film, 8 pm.
Prog. Caucus meets, .1st & 3rd
Monday, 8 pm, Presby St. Ctr;
SeG'ville Activist Network
caedrfor updated activities
Anti-war protests in
Melrose, Mons, 5-6 pm,
corner of State Rds 26 & 21.
Alt. Radio: Julian D~arley, "The
Post Carbon World"; 7 pm,
What I're Learned About US
Foreign Policy The War on the
Third World is CMC film, 8 pm.
5 Final Exams at UF & ~SFCC
good luck, y'all!
Venezuela Bolivarianta is CMC
film. 8 pm.
Jakoville's public radlio station
has gone talk during the day it's
Located at 89.9 on the FM dial.
Weekday schedule: 10 am-12: Diane Rehm
(interview & call-in); noon-1 pm: Terry Gross,
~Fresh Air; 1-2 pm: Day to Day host Alex Chad-
wick; 2-4 pm: Talk of the Nation. Terry Gross's
Freshz Air repeats at 7 pm.
Check out This Americanz Life,
Saturday 2 pm, Sundays I pm
WGOT low-power FM on the air
-tune in at 94.7
Doug Clifford Sundays,
9-10 am; WSKY-97.3's
one hour of lefty talk per week.
Taxi to the Dark Side is Hipp
film, runs I Ith-17th. .
Gram Parsons bio author David
N. Meyer booksigning at
Goering's, 2-3:30 pm.
Tab Benoit at Common Grounds:
doors 6, music 7:30 pm.
Rhinoceros last night, Constans,
20 In 1Marjorie's Wake is
vHipp film, runs 18th-24~th.
Gandhi Study Group begins
3rd-Sunday meetings at Holy
Trinity Episcopal Church, 100
NE 1st St, 3-5 pm.
Sweetwater Unitarian Univer-
salists meet at Civic Media Ctr,
10:30 am, Ist & 3rd Suns.
Family-friendly Green Fair at
UUFG, 4225 NW 34th St,
27 Arranged ~. is Hpp ilm '
Women in Black vigil every
Sunday, 4-5 pm, NW 43rd St &
16th Blvd; men are welcome,
signs are not.
Women's First Sunday
.Brunch at Crone's Cradle
Conserve (near Citra), 10 am-3
pm; info: 352-595-3377.
'"The Politics of Gender" -
Erikson lecture at Unitarian
Universalists, 4225 NW 34th St,
features Manish Mishra, hliman
rights advocate who worked on
behalf of transgendered L~argo
city manager; 5 pm: 376-7074.
SCounty Farmers' Mkt
on N 4141 by Hwy Patrol
Tues/ Thurs/Sat, 8 am-noon.
Alachua County Commission
meets 2nd & 4th Tuesdays, 9
am: citizens comment, 9:30 am.
Anti-war sign-holding at Univ.
& 13th, 4-6 pm.
Florida Winter Soldier -
testimony by Iraq/Afghanistan
vets at Presbyterian Student
Ctr, 1402 W. University Ave,
7:30 pm; see p. 7
Diablo Cody at CPA, 8 pm.
15Veg Fest, Plaza of thb
Americas: food from
area restaurants, 11 am-2 pm.
Anti-war sign-holding at 34th
St & Archer Rd, 4-6 pm.
Farm Sanctuary author Gene
Baur, Keene/Flint rm 50, 6:30.
School Board meets Ist & 3rd
Tues, 7 pm, 620 E. Univ. Ave,
"Know Your Rights: Training
for Activists & Demonstrators"
by Nat'I Lawyers Guild, 7 pm,
CMC, 1021 W. University Av~e.
22 Alachua County Com-
mission meets, see 8th,
Eath0Day events, North Lawn'
Anti-war sign-holding, 2nd &
4th Tues, Univ. & 13th, 4-6
Alachua County Labor Party
meets: topic: pres. candidates'
health care plans; 6:30 pm, 618
NW 13th Ave; info, 375-2832.
Killing Us Softly IHI advertis-
ing &r body images documen-
tary: CM,, pm.
Woodboss (former Weary
Boys) & 2 other bands at
L~ightnin' Salvage, 8 pm, $6.
School Board meets Ist &
3rd Tues, 7 pm, 620 E.
Anti-war sign-holding at 34th
St & ~Archer Rd, 4-6:30 pm.
NWI 13th St, 9
Wed; also at P;
NW 6th St, 4C
every Wed, Dt
2nd & 4th Wec
Reitz Union A
meets, 7 pm, C
sion mtg room
"Spirit of Uga
dance at Phillil
First Lady of t
by Barbara Ob
meetup, 7-9 p
Pub, 60 SW 21
Open` Mike M
Tim & Terry'
7 pm: cal
for info on live
listings as wvell
can fit. Pick it
12Native Plant Sale at Morning-
side Nature Ctr, 8:30 am-noon,
"Solutions to Violence" workshop
on "Gifts". 10- 11:30 am, 152 1 NW
Taxi to the Dark Side (Academy
Award winner for best documentary)
at Hippodirome Cinema, April 11-17:
not to be missed.
3rdhAnnual Reggae se sion atts&
Lg tning Savage: dtis on ti
other music a. Gain sville s best junk
@9 Friends of the Library Book
SSale, 9 am, 430 N. Main St. -
bring boxes! (continues thru 4/23).
5th Ave Arts Festival (Fri-Sun):
check Sun for details.
Organizer/Activist Burnout Work-
shop at Wilhelmina Johnson Ctr, 321
NW 10th St, sponsored by Critical
Resistance: 11 am, $5-25 slide.
Wayward Council 10th Anniver-
sary Carnival, 2nd St Bakery, noon-
6 pm: family friendlyfun
Farm to Family Music: www.farmto
familymusic.com, or 386-462-54r79.
Impossible Shoelace, Early Twen-
ties, and Rachel Miles in concert at
Civic Media Ctr, 9 pm.
M ay ~May Day. Florida NOW state conference, G'ville Peace Forum at C'ivic
downtown plaa Palm Beach Hilton, 2nd-4th: Media Ctr, 2 pm: representatives
SDS-sponsored free store, 2-6 info, 1-800-5 F~LANOW. from groups &/or individuals always
pm: speaker- s & music from Gvl Umoja Orchestra &r Morningbell welcome.
Liberation Orlchestra, L.ars D~in, in concert at Atlantic, 10 pm. Veg 4 Life ist Saturday potluck, 6:30
D~irty Fist, Kjiiks, Cassette, & The pm at Unitarian Universalist Fellow-
Horror, 5-8 pm, ship, 41225 NW 34th St: 375-7207.
Sierra Club gen'I meeting. topic
TB1A, at U~F Entomollogy Bldg
1035. 7:370 p"'info.48 1-2048.
Open Poetry at CMC, 9:30 pm.
Humanists of Fla Ass'n Con-
Sference in Sarasota, 9th-1 1th:
Feminist Friday atStatchel's, 7 pm.
/IGUIANA Deadline for May-
Junec issue is May 9th; call 378-
5655 w\ith events, advertise-
ments, group updates & info.
afidential walk. I
hood clinic, 914
ide Ctr, I107
pm on 1st & 3rd
awn Plaza, 4-7 pm -
nst War meets
nesdays, 6 pm,
108 Solar City meets at Books
Inc, noon on TIhursdays.
CMC Vols meletingp. 5:30 pm.
'"The Real Kazakhstan: Beyond
IBorat" Rausban Mustafina at
SFCC( NW WA-104, 3:30 pm.
UF College Democrats meet.
e~very hulrsday, 7 pm:
Open Poetry every T'hurs at
CMC:, 9:30 pm: Gv~l's longest-
r-unning poetry~ jam. open to all;
informal & weclcoming to both
readers & listeners.
Civic Media Center.Annual
Springboard Fundraiser -
this year to be held at the Matheson
Museum. 6-10 pm. Enjoy a vast -
array of food fr~om areca restaurants.
silent auction, door prizes, etc: guest
speaker- Otton Solis will address
"Corporate Media & Resisting the
Washington Consensus"' see p. 17.
Books for Prisoners book-packing
parties at Wayward Council, 807 W.
. University Ave), 6-9 pm; for info,
, New African
la film at
ry, 7 pm.
nda" music &
>s Ctt for
r Roosevelt &
n Rights: The
e World" talk
(by ball field), 4
;t at Brophy's
.usic Nights on
. Club Red and
for Peace meets,
Music in G'ville.
zine has great
- more than we
up each month.
17League of Women
Voters luncheon: speaker
Cy\nthia Barnett o~n water issues;
Sweet water Inn, 625 E. U~niver-
sity Ave, I 1:30 am-1 pm.
CMC' Volunteers meet, 5:30 pm.
Venezuela presentation fr~om
recent trip at CMC:, 7:30--9:30
Open Poetry at CMC, 9:.30 pm.
"Art for a Change" at 2nd
St. Bakery, 7-9 pm, $3.
featuring Dave Lippman and Gieorge
Shrub at CMIC, 8 pm, $10 adv/$12
door: see, p. 24
Wayward Council 10th anniversary
celebration at 1982: live music.
Congratulations, all Wayward
24 cue vomoters mee'
CCAWT meets. 6 Pmn, WJ C`tr.
Gvl Area 10W meets: topic,
"F~airness fo(r All Famnilies"
(opposing state anti-gay:-marriage
constitutional amendment); 6:30
pm. Pride Ctr,.3131NE; 137th St.
Open Poetry at C:MC'.9:3() pm. '
25 Critical Mass Bike Ride, 5
pm from Plaza of Americas;
probable endpoint at Kickstand
Collective, 722 S. Main St, for
Hu Dost & George Tortorelli m
concert, Sanctuary Yoga. 8 pm.
Jazz every Friday/Saturday outdoors
at Maude's Caf6, next to Hipp~-
drome. Friday & Sats, 10 pm-1 ath.
-6 A Lesb';ian VaietyShow Boltin
SMarc6. internat'l touring. G'ville-
based singer-songwriter, in concert at
CMC, 9 pm, $;5-10 sliding Seale.
Food Not Bombs servings
10Weds. 7 pm, Sat. 3:30 pm :
Info: hailierudig @riseup.net
"The Word is Spoken" at Tim &
Terry's, Saturdays, 8-10 pm: spoken
word open mike.
Senior Playwrights Fe tival winners
9th-1 Ith, 7 pm.
SSierra Club Outing to
Cedar Key: plant seagrass
& mangrove. 8 am-4 pm; open
to ihe public. carpool info 375-
CMC Volunteers meet. 5:30 pm.
OpnPoetrdy at ( MC`. 9:30 pm,
The soldiers spoke of~confusingrules of
engagement, of the inability to discern
.violent insurgents from peaceable
civilians, and ofgood-nature~d, patriotic
Americans moved to violence by fear
and anger at Iraiqis who sought to drive
them from their country.
Several of the men said they opposed
the' war from the beginning but
volunteered for service in Iraq because
they wanted to speed the US mission to
its conclusion or help the Iraqi people
recover from the invasion. But some
said attitudes soon changed.
"It's not so much about the mission
anymore," said Steve Mortillo, who
served as an infantryman in a cavalry
unit in Iraq in 2004. "It's about doing
what you have to do to make sure you
don't have to stand in another formation
and listen to 'Amazing Grace' played
on bagpipes one more time."
This article was first published on
guardian.co.uk on Monday March 17
2008. @ Guardian News and Media
has on the young men and women who
volunteered to fight it.
Event organizers said the [soliders']
service records and stories were
carefully vetted for accuracy, a job
made easier since the Vietnam era by
the proliferation of inexpensive digital
cameras. Some said US soldiers in Iraq
carry them like side-arms.
The men hailed their comrades -as
typically well-meaning individuals,
saving their criticism for the planning
and execution of the war and the rules
of engagement they said yielded civilian
"It's criminal to put such patriotic
Americans who have sworn an oath
to protect and defend the constitution
of the United States of America in
a situation where their morals are at
odds with their survival instincts," said
Adam Kokesh, who vvas a Marine Corps
sergeant in Falluja in 2004.
Kokesh served on a civil affairs team
tasked with winning over Iraqi hearts
and minds. He said his unit joked with
other soldiers, "We care so you don't
'IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 14 -
CIt's not so much
about the mission
Silver Spring, Maryland- The
order came over the radio: "Charlie
Mike," US army jargon for "continue
Cliff Hicks' team of soldiers patrolling
a typically friendly neighbourhood
had mistaken celebratory gunfire at a
wedding for a hostile attack and had
shot up a house, wounding two people
and~ killing a little girl.
The troops didn't want to linger in
the house, and their command centre
ordered them out.
"We didn't even have a translator, we
didn't speak Arabic, we couldn't even
say sorry," said Hicks, 23, a tank driver
and machine gunner. "We just hopped
in our vehicle and rode off."
Hicks and otheryoung veterans testified
this weekend at a conference sponsored
by zraqVeterans Against the War. Titled
"Winter Soldier," the conference at the
National Labour College was modelled
on a similar affair in 1971 in which
Vietnam veterans spoke up about
mayhem in that conflict.
The three-day forum is intended to draw
attention to problems caused by the US
occupation of Iraq, at a time when most
Americans think the war was a mistake
and~not worth the cost.
The sad-eyed men, one wearing service
medals pinned to his suit jacket, spoke of
deadly weapons fired indiscriminately
on civilians' vehicles and homes, of
daily, humiliating harassment oflraqis,
and of the dehumanising effects the war
Testimony... continued from page 1
Turner was one of more than 200
veterans who came the Winter .
Soldier hearings organized by Iraq
Veterans Against the War (IVAW).
Like the other veterans assembled,
Turner spoke openly about what he
saw and did during his tours in Iraq.
"April 18, 2L006 was the date of my
first confirmed kill," he said. "Hke
was innocent, I called him the fat
man. Hee was walking back to his
house and I killed him in front of his
father and friend. My first shot made
him scream and look into my eyes,
so I looked at my friend and said,
'Well, I can't let that happen,' and
shot him again. After my first kill I
Not Just Bad Apples
When he was done speaking, Turner
received a standing. ovation from
the crowd of Iraq, Afghanistan,
Vietnam and Gulf War veterans.
The ovation went on for over two
minutes. Turner's comments, and -
the response vias typical of the three
day gathering, which Iraq Veterans
Against the War hoped would show
that well-publicized incidents of U.S.
brutality, including the Abu Ghraib
prison scandal and the massacre of
an entire family of Iraqis in the town
of Haditha, are not isolated incidents
perpetrated by "a few bad apples," as
many politicians and military leaders
have claimed. They are part of a
pattern, the organizers said, of "an
increasingly bloody occupation."
Corporal Jason Waashburn did three
tours in Iraq including the invasion.
Over the course of his service,
Washburn was stationed in some
of the most dangerous areas of
Iraq: Najaf, Sadr City, and Anbar
Province. A squad in his unit was
responsible for the massacre of 26
civilians in Haditha in November
Washburn told the gathering his
commanders encouraged lawless
"We were encouraged to bring 'drop
weapons' or shovels, in case we
accidentally shot a civilian, we could
drop the weapon on the body and
pretend they were an insurgent," he
"By the third tour, if they were
carrying a shovel or bag, we could
shoot them. So we carried these tools
and weapons in our vehicles, so we
could toss them on civilians when
we shot them. This was commonly
Meager Media Coverage
These gripping, often tearful personal
testimonies were broadcast in their
entirety through IVAW's website,
the satellite station Free Speech TV,
and Pacifica Radio (whose three-
day live broadcast I co-hosted) but
they mostly went ignored by the .
These grassroots outlets reached a
much larger audience .than organizers
expected. IVAW's website received
more than 30,000 unique views
every day during Winter Soldier.
Warcomeshome.org, the site I edit
for Pacifica Radio, received hits from
internet users in over 110 countries
and moving comments from veterans
and active duty service members and
their families. The progressive print
and online media also paid attention:
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 15
articles ran in In These Times, The
Nation and AlterNet.
Winter Soldier also received wide
play in the military press, with
favorable stories published in Stars
and Stripes and the Military Times
chain of newsweeklies. The IVAW
has posted media coverage of the
hearings on its site.
Success in alternative and military
outlets was tempered, however,
by a nearly complete blackout by
the mainstream media. Though the
gathering was timed to coincide with
the fifth anniversary of the invasion
of Iraq and was held in Silver
Spring, Maryland less than 10 miles
from the White House, the personal
testimony of hundreds of Iraq and
Afghanistan war veterans garnered
scant mainstream media coverage,
with the notable exceptions of Time,
National Public Radio's All Things
Considered, the Boston Globe and
The Washington Post, which buried
an article on Winter Soldier in the
Metro section. Meanwhile, The New
York.Times, CNN, ABC, NBC, and
CBS ignored it completely.
Instead, these media outlets proffered
stories produced by embedded
journalists citing "progress" in Iraq,
supposedly thanks to the so-called
"surge." The contrast between the
raw, honest words of these veterans
and the coverage on TV was
Waking up at my suburban
Washington hotel Sunday morning,
I turned on Good Morning America,
and saw a live shot from "Camp
Victory" (formerly Saddam Hussein
International Airport) where the
reporter excitedly reported "more
troops is just one reason for the drop
No mention was made~of the 4,4783
Americans who've been killed in
Iraq and Afghanistan, or the one
million Iraqis researches at Columbia
University and~ Johns Hopkins
University believe have died. No
mention, either, of more than 69,000
American soldiers the Pentagon
reports have been wounded, injured,
or fallen ill in Iraq and Afghanistan.
There was also no mention of the
nearly 300,000 Iraq and Afghanistan
war veterans who have gone to the
Department of Veterans Affairs for
treatment; nor of the 250,000 who
have filed a disability claim with the
Five years into the war, we appear
to be back where we started in
terms' of media coverage, where a
cowed media blindly follows the .
spmn coming from the White House.
After Winter Soldier concluded, the
media watch group Fairness and
Accuracy in Reporting released an
alert to its members asking them
to "contact' the broadcast networks
and ask them why they decided to
ignore the Winter Soldier hearings
while carrying the less-informed
observations on Iraq of John McCain
and Dick Cheney."
Troubling Polling Data
It's not surprising then that when
asked by the Pew Research Center
Earlier this month, only 28% of
respondents correctly said that about
4,000 Americans have died in the
war. Most thought the member was
closer to 2,000 or 3,000.
According to the same survey,
overall media coverage of the war
dropped from an average of 15% of
stories in July 2007, to just 3% in
At Winter Soldier, veterans I spoke to
found these developments upsetting,
but not discouraging. They note
that when. Vietnam veterans held a
similar forum on war crimes in 1971
it was also roundly ignored by the
mainstream' press. But that did not
cause the story to go away, because
word got out through military and
veteran circles got out that resistance
within the ranks was building a
development most members of Iraq
Veterans Against the War see as even
more important than mainstream
media coverage and lobbying on
"We don't need to rely on the
mainstream media," said Aaron
Hughes, a former Illinois National
Guardsman who drove convoys in
Iraq. "We can rely on the grassroots
networks that we're building through
events like Winter Soldier. People are
posting on blogs and organizing in
their'workplaces and in their schools..
That's what's important."
Hughes and other members of Iraq
Veterans Against the War were
also excited to see the extensive
coverage they were given by military
papers like Stars and Stripes and.
Gobael Fir Trade Market Pmsce
from one world
4203-N.W. 16th Blvd
(Millhopper Publin She ifng Canter)
SMon. Sat. 1-7, Sun 1-5
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 16
THINK GLO SALLY,
CIVlc Media Center i3
Friday April 11th, 6pm SPRINGBOARD DINNER at Matheson
Museum with Ott6n Solis. Advance tickets at Omni Books and
Wild Iris Books.
Monday April 14th, 8pm "Maxed Out" recent documentary
on the seductive hazards of credit cards, and the industry which
Tuesday April 15th 7pm "Know Your Rights; training for
activists and protesters by National Lawyers Guild
Thursday April 17th, 7:30pm Presentation on Venezuela with
Iguana editors Jenny Brown and Joe Courter
Friday April 18th, 8pm Concert with Dave Lippman and George
Saturday April 19th, 9pm Music with Impossible, Shoelace,
Early Twenties, and Rachel Miles
Monday April 21, 8pm "A Crude Awakening a well researched
film about fossil fuel addiction and the "peak oil' crisis
Tuesday April 22nd, 8pm Killing Us Softly III; Film on
advertising and women body image.
Wednesday April 23rd A series of short films by Anthropology
Saturday, April 26th 9pm Locally Touring artist Marc6 in
Monday, April 28th 8pm Film: "What I've Learned About US
Foreign Policy (the War Against the Third World)"
Monday: 6pm Students for a Democratic Society
8pm documentary films
Wednesday: 6pm Community Computer Class
Thursday: 5:30 Volunteer meetings
9:30 Poetry Jam
First Saturdays: 2pm Peace Forum
Civic 1Media Celnter
S1021 W. University Ave.,
Gainesville, FLC 32601
the Army Times. IVAW also bought
advertisements in both papers in
advance of the event with an eye
to boosting their membership and
increasing the.amount of opposition
to the war within the U.S. military.
Changing the Whole Nation
"That's getting to the veterans and
GIs who oppose this war but maiy
feel like they're alone," he said.
"As long as we keep building that
it doesn't matter if the mainstream
media is covering this or not because
we're going to change this whole
nation but what we are doing."
Already 30 Iraq and Afghanistan -
have contacted IVAW since the
Winter Soldier gathering began
on March 13 and hundreds of
other veterans who were already
members of the organization have
stepped forward offering to add their
testimony to those who testified in
"This time we came with 200
veterans," Hughes said. "The next
.time we'll come with 400 veterans
and then 800. We will not let up until
this occupation is over."
Independent journalist Aaron
Glantz, a Foreign Policyr In Focus
contributor, has reported extensively
from Iraq throughout the U.S.
occupation. HFTe is author of How
America Lost Iraq (Penguin). He co-
hosted the Pacifica radio broadcast
of the Winter Soldier hearings,
along with veteran Aimee Allison.
Full archives of Winter Soldier are
available at warcomeshome.org ~and
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 17
people who like to garden.
But advocates say that this supposed
criminality of the homeless is
only the most obvious sign of a
widespread antipathy among people
with homes to addressing economic
In the Commission meeting after
the rally, after presentations by
city staff outlining the lengthy 3-
year process of siting the GRACE
Marketplace, residents and business
representatives from the North Main
~and Stephen Foster areas assailed
the plan as the "right idea, wrong
Along with projections of
construction cost over-runs and
questions about the legality of the
T HE KIKKST AND
The Gainesville Community Bicycle Project, The Kickstand,
aims to establish a non-profit organization that will pro-
vide free or- inexpensive bicycle-related services to all
persons without discrimination. Since we believe that
the bicycle represents the most affordable, healthy, and
environmentally sound form of transportation and recre-
ation, we seek to encourage people to learn to maintain a
bicycle themselves and to use it in a responsible manner.
VWe will provide assistance in acquiring a reliable bicycle
and scheduled access to knowledgeable volunteers and
quality tools. It is our belief that by providing these ser-
vices we can help build neighborhood Involvement and
create greater paths for communication and cooperation.
~QLUNTEER MEETINGS THIURSDAYS AT 7PM
,~ - .; .-~
Cycle Tracks will abound in Utopia. -HG Wells
"We stand here today in support of
people in our city who are also under
siege, satid~ Rev. Griner at a rally on
the steps of Gainesville City Hall this
past April 3. The city commission
was to vote that evening on a zoning
change for property designated for
the city's GRACE Marketplace One-
As part of the city and county's much
vaunted GRACE 10 Year Plan to
End Homelessness, there has been
incremental movement toward the
establishment of a One-Stop Center,
which would provide counseling and
support facilities for people without
April 3 was also the 40th annive ar
of D~r. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s
last speech, the day before he was
To the crowd of just under a
hundred people, Reverend Griner
drew parallels between King's
"Mountaintop" speech in support
of sanitation workers in Memphis, .
TN, and the calling of people
of conscience to "not stop until
compassion rules here in the city of
Compassion has not been evident
lately, according to advocates.
Commissioner Braddy ranktled many
two weeks ago by requesting GPD
arrest statistics that allegedly show
a correlation between homelessness
and ~criminality. But University of
Florida Law Professor Joe Jackson,
who also spoke at the rally, said the
numbers show that the homeless are
actually arrested less often than one
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 18
would expect, an observation also
made by Mayor Hanrahan in the
The number of arrests is surprisingly
low, said Jackson, because many
activities that housed people take for
granted, such as sleeping, drinking
alcohol and urinating, are illegal on
Talong into account the large number
of these misdemeanor offenses,
people without housing are no more
inclined to violence or anti-social
behavior than any other population,
such as mortgage brokers, say, or
April 3 rally against homelessness
recalls King's last speech
proposed zoning change, the citizens
also presented anecdotal evidence
that their neighborhood is already at
risk from people camping in woods
nearby, a problem they say would be
worsened by establishing the center
in the industrial park at 3335 N.
For advocates and city staff who
have been involved in this process
since the city adopted the GRACE
plan, the parade of opposition from
passionate tax-payers must have been
wearily familiar. In March 2007,
the N. Main location was adopted
almost by default, when organized
opposition from East Gainesville
effectively disqualified city-owned
property on Waldo Road, north of NE
.In that meeting, residents pointed
out that the east side of the city
already hosts a concentration of the
area's "undesirable" social services,
such as the County Jail on NE 39th
Ave. These facilities are faulted for
discouraging development that would
benefit the community, and are
seen by some as evidence of bias in .
In comments after citizen testimony,
Commissioners Henry and Bryant
both alluded to prejudices at
play in the city's search for a
location. Apparently addressing
the historically more working
class Stephen Foster area, Bryant
said, "I don't see us trying to
put this on the west side, I just
don't," while Commissioner Henry
expressed pointed frustration
that East Gainesville might even
still be considered, in response to
Commissioner Donovan's comment
that he still favored the Waldo Rd.-
location. "To even bring this up at
this point, that's not moving toward
dispersal of services."
- ---5 &' .3
Rev. Milford Griner speaks April 3 to a rally outside City Hall. Around 100
attended the rally and City meeting to express support for the needs and
rights of homeless people in Gainesville. Photo: Joe Courter'
Ironically, residents and business-
owners of the Stephen Foster
neighborhood and North Main
industrial park were enthusiastic
in offering an alternative site for
the One-Stop Center, and quick to
profess their support for the city plan,
as long as it was located elsewhere.
On hearing someone from the rally
outside ask about people with "right
idea, wrong location" badges, one
resident sitting nearby turned to
snap, "excuse me, we are not anti-
This conflict between residents and
advocates is not new. Homelessness
has been polarizing residents of this
town for a while now, and the halls
of city government have been in the
middle of the fray.
In 2006 the city commission
agreed to settle with Fire of God, a
ministry on NE 23rd Ave, rather than
risk a costly court battle over the
constitution~ality of a church serving
food to its congregation. And this
year the city, under pressure from
some business owners and a small
group of residents, is reviewing
its regulations for churches with
respect to serving food and offering
shelter to those in need. Even the
GRACE 10 Year Plan has benefited
from the enlightened self-interest of
businesses who champion reduced
visibility of the poor, presumed bad
But making homelessness invisible
isn't the same as ending it. The
good citizeris of Gainesville may be
forgiven for being confused by the
housing issue. National discourse on
the topic in the last twenty years has
been short-circuited by addressing
it primarily as a law enforcement
issue, without inquiry into the origin
of such widespread desperation.
Local fears of predators among the
homeless are a good distraction from
thornier questions of how and why.
Homelessness on the scale that
we see today dates to the 1980's.
Although they rarely become'a part
of policy debate, the origins of it are
not mysterious. Affordable housing
everywhere has disappeared.
i GAINESVILLE, FELORIDA
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, iHGE 19
In the six years leading up to 18682,
the federal Department of Housing
and Urban Development built V4 of n ,: f~
a.million new public housing units.
But in the 25 years since 1983, under
both Democratic and Republican
administrations, HUD built only a 1/4
In other words, averaging over time C F9~S 1~ 1C~ l
there were more than 12 times as
many new public housing units built
before 1982 as in the last two and a
half decades. L E')c ~
To make matters worse, in recent
years 200,000 private sector housing .
units have been lost every single Arupe Freeman speaks at the April 3 rally. Photo: Joe Courter.
year, while 1.2 million unsubsidized
Combined with the crumbling of becomes a logical consequence of a
affordable housing units vanished
manufacturing, public sector, and public policy that favors corporations
other employment possibilities for and punishes the poor.
working Americans, homelessness
Coordinator of the HOME Van,
Arupa Freeman said, "it's time to
stop hating people for being poor."
But public policy that favors thie.
wealthy is as old as government, if
not its primary responsibility. On the
question of housing, only the people
of Gainesville can change that.
I L~ IOne UF student drew the loudest
. laughter of the meeting when she
said, most of the "public urination in
Gainesville is by university students,
and no one is talking about banning
- university students." Tongue in
cheek, Mayor Hanrahan quipped,
"that's a whole other meeting."
In the end, perhaps it isn't that the
homeless are criminal, predatory,
e stubbornly self-destructive or bad for
Perhaps it is just easier to suspect
S1017 W. University Avenue that there must be something
wrong with people who have
New sport's bar & pub nexCt-door to the lost their means. Easier than to
Civic Media Center in the old Shamrock location! address the problem. Easier than to
admit how close we are to similar
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 20
CELEBRATE INTERNATIONAL LAnBOR DAY!
THI..RSDAY, IVAY 1 sT, 2008
. GAINESVILLE DowNTowN PLAZA,
a 2:OO PM FREE STORE (Pur oNJ BY SDS)
5:OO 8:OO PM SPEAKERS AND LIVE MUSIC
.- a (GLO),
INVITED SPEAKERS INCLUDE
T IDS ~AL WORKERS OF THE
UF PROFESSOR BOB ZIEGER
ALACHUA COUNTY LABOR PARTY
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Open: 7 AM 10 PM Mon1.Fri. .Scn tr
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circumstances, as Commissioner
Henry said, "just one catastrophic
medical emergency away." Perhaps
at issue is that homelessness reminds
us of the brutality built into our .
battered economy, even here in a
carefully-landscaped southern town.
In his last speech, 40 years before
this Gainesville City Commission
meeting in which the needs of the
homeless were tabled for further
discussion, Dr. King talked of a
trip he took with Mrs. King from
Jerusalem to Jericho, down the steep
winding road that became the setting
for Jesus' most famous parable, about
an injured man and those who passed
"That's a dangerous road," said King.
Maybe the priest and the Levite
were afraid that the "robbers were
still around," said King, or that the
bleeding man was "merely faking" in
oi-der to do them harm.
Prophetically, and speaking on behalf
of the striking sanitation workers
of Memphis, King said that like
the Samaritan, we are called on -
not to ask, "if I stop to help these
people, what will happen to me? The
question is," he said the day before
'he was shot, "if I don't stop to help
them, what will happen to them?"
These days there are signs of even
harder times ahead. With more
than 200,000 home foreclosures
every month since the end of 2007,
this may be the beginning of a
new epidemic of homelessness
and desperation. These days, what
we need to ask is: "if we don't
stop to help these residents of our
community, what will happen to all
*Source: U.S. Congress & Joint
Center for Housing Studies
of Harvard University (2006).
America's Rental Housing: Homes
for a Diverse Nation; Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University, quoted in
"Without Housing" by the Western
Regional Advocacy Project, http://
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 21
KATIE WALTERs 321-4274)OO6
JOE RICHARD 352-246-2240
NORTH CENTRAL FLORIDA'S GREEN HOME STORE
GREEN SOLUTIONS FOR A HEALTHY HOME
SIGN UP: NEWSLETTER~~lNDIGOGREENSTORE.COM
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JEMN HUElS, GRI
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,,downent sevrsem tmes our size:
independent committee of student,
faculty, and alumni representatives to
advise UF's Board of Trustees on the
socially responsible investment of
This elected committee would have
full transparency, but would be
obligated not to disclose any trade
secretes. Their meetings would
be open to the public, and their
recommendations to the Board (and
Board's responses) would be in the
public domain. ~Additionally, the
public would have full retroactive
transparency, in that the entirety of
the previous year's holdings would
be made available to anyone curious
enough to ask for them.
We collected signatures and
eventually got a referendum question
on the last student government
election ballot. In the election, 81%
of voters indicated their support for
the creation of our ~proposed advisory
committee. And why shouldn't
they? With UF positioning itself as
a leader in the area of sustainability,
with our incredibly inclusive non-
discrimination clauses, and with a
mission of "operating to promote
the public good," there is a lot of
room for us to examine how our
investments live up to these vahles.
Contact UF Responsible Endowment
Coalition at FloridaREC@gmail.com
wanted to be technical, it's a private
corporation (University of Florida
Investment Corporation) created by a
private corporation (UF Foundation)
created by a public university that is
investing what will always be public
Our initial position was that UF
needs to fully open up its books
to public scrutiny, but in hindsight
this was a somewhat naive stance
to take. UF fears transparency
for two reasons, one that's rather
reasonable.and another that's quite
objectionable. The reasonable reason
is that UF's endowment has shown
such amazing results (22% growth
last year) that full transparency
might invite copy-cat investors,
thereby watering down our success.
The objectionable reason is that
investment transparency invites
advocacy groups seeking to ensure
UF's money is not invested mn such
and such a way..
Of course,. at a public university,
discourse about the role of the
university in society (including the
principles guiding its investments)
is a healthy practice. But we still
had to appease their first fear.
Our solution turned out to be the
exact same model used by several
prestigious private universities with
Recently student activists with
the UF Responsible Endowment
Coalition (REC) have taken on arr
ambitious campaign to change the
way UF handles its money. As a
member of this diverse coalition,
I was asked by The Iguana to
contribute a short piece about our
The REC campaign always appealed
to me because of its potential to
bring together people from all sides
of the political spectrum with its
almost universal message. At UF
the campaign was first hatched by
a handful of students who wanted
to identify university ties to war-
profiteering companies. The most
obvious place to begin the search
was with UF's 1.2 billion dollar
We soon found out that UF has
absolutely no transparency or
accountability when it comes to its
endowment, despite being a public
university. This would seem to be in
contradiction of Florida's Sunshine
laws, but UF found some creative
ways around these. You see, it's not
a public university that's doing the
investing; it's a private corporation
created by the university that's
investing the money. Actually, if you
M. M. PARRISH,
3870 NW 83rd Strret
Gainesville, FL 32606
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 22
Coalition wants UF to engage
18 SOCIally responsible investing
Eac Os Isndepend n
nY '" ~Pt
Thurs., April 1 7, 7:30 p.m.
at the Civic 2Media Center, 1021 W. Untiv. Ave. Info: 373-0010
conservation-- Black and Indig-enous pride--compensatioti for
Latin AmericanI ~ "G
unity--and a 1; e
president who .~ -
tells the truth BL~t 3 '*-h:
The world's best kept secret of democracy
Discussion and report with Joe Courter, Jenny Brown, and Dave
Lippman on what's happening in Venezuela
IGUANA, APRIL 2008, PAGE 23
-IL I I
'T. HE:.WO R 1'8 ONLY KN OWN SINGING~ C.IA. AGENT'
Fr~iday, April -18, at 8~ p.m.
at the Civic.Media Center, 1021 WV. Univ. Ave.
Ticket $i advance. $12 at door. Advance: tickets at Wild Iris Books
and Q iniBooks, Benefits The Gainesrville Iguaona Info: 378-.5655.
h ttp ://ela ve Iip pm an.c o m
P.O. Box 14712
Gainesville, FL 32604
US POSTAGE PAID
PERMIT # 358
I uana benefit April 18
features Dave Lippman
Political satirist Dave Lippman,
shadowed by his darker side, "George
Shrub," the anti-folksinger from the
:t~ "~fgqmittee to In-
t Friday, April
L 18th at the
is a musician and comedian who has
been skrewering the powerful with
parody for decades. In addition to new
:"":i'""'Dcars candibd tes G and
ration with Lawrence Ferlinghetti and
Martin Niemoller that neither of them
ever heard about.
He has been called everything from "a
national treasure" (L.A. Herald Examin-
er) to "a one-man satirical barn-burner"
(Toronto's Now Magazine).
But who is George Shrub? The
world's only known singing CIA
agent, George Shrub has been travel-
ing throughout~ his globalized domain,
sharing his Point of View (the Right~
One) so that people won't need their
own. He employs anti-folk songs and
interventionary anthems to explain (and
enforce) that the business of America is
none of your business, that unions are
never civil, and that the proper place for
himself, like Wal-Mart, is everywhere.
"Viciously funny"-GCuardian (Eng-
Dave Lippman and George Shrub
will perform together (if not simultane-
$10-20per year or free to lo w/no income
'Call (352) 378-5655
or write to address above.
IGUANA, APRIL 20i08, PAGE 24