Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Back Cover

Title: Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00281
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Series Title: Florida architect.
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: March-April 1990
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00281
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Table of Contents
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
    Back Cover
        Page 37
        Page 38
Full Text

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A Strong Volume Spinning Through Space 14
On an island near Sarasota, Carl Abbott has created a
hierarchy of spaces with breathtaking views.
Diane D. Greer

New Life For A Symbol of Freedom 16
-- Architect Richard Heisenbottle's restoration of Miami's
Freedom Tower insures the survival of this important landmark.
Esther L. Perez
March/April, 1990
Vol. 37, No. 2 Architecture For The Good Life 20
Sandy & Babcock's Mediterranean Village on Williams Island
is a Mediterranean Revival luxury resort which beckons
a bygone era.
Heather Koenig

Shaping Both Site and Structure 22
The Credit Union at McDill Air Force Base was designed by
KBJ Architects to enhance a desolate site.
Leslie Roberts/Diane D. Greer

Site Preservation As A Design Imperative 26
The Architect's Studio has nestled 27 condominium buildings
into an environmentally sensitive landscape.
Diane D. Greer

Editorial 7
News 9

Legal Notes 13
Chapter Awards 31

Florida Architect, Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American Institute
of Architects, is owned and published by the
Association, a Florida Corporation not for
profit. ISSN-0015-3907. It is published six
times a year at the Executive Office of the
Association, 104 East Jefferson St., Tallahas-
see, Florida 32302. Telephone (904) 222-7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not
necessarily those of the FA/AIA. Editorial
material may be reprinted only with the ex- Cover photograph of Miami's Freedom Tower is by Dan Forer. Architects: Richard J. Heisenbottle, AIA.
press permission of Florida Architect.
Single copies, $4.00; Annual subscription,
$19.08. Third class postage.

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Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Post Office Box 10388
Thllahassee, Florida 32302
Publisher/Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE
Diane D. Greer

Assistant Publisher
Director of Advertising
Carolyn Maryland
Design and Production
Peter Mitchell Associates, Inc.
Boyd Brothers Printers
Publications Committee
Roy Knight, AIA, Chairman
Henry Alexander, AIA
Keith Bailey, AIA
Gene Leedy, AIA
Will Morris, AIA
Don Sackman, AIA
H. Dean Rowe, FAIA
Editorial Board
Ivan Johnson, AIA
Dave Fronczak, AIA
Roy Knight, AIA
Larry M. Schneider, AIA
25 Seabreeze
Delray Beach, FL 33483
Vice President/President-elect
Raymond L. Scott, AIA
601 S. Lake Destiny Road
Maitland, FL 32751
Bruce Balk, AIA
290 Coconut Avenue
Sarasota, Florida 34236
Past President
H. Dean Rowe, FAIA
100 Madison Street
Tampa, Florida 33602
Regional Directors
John M. Barley, AIA
5345 Ortega Boulevard
Jacksonville, Florida 32210
James A. Greene, FAIA
254 Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 1147
Oviedo, Florida 32765
Sr. Vice President/Membership
Services Commission
John Tice, AIA
909 East Cervantes
Pensacola, Florida 32501
Vice President/Membership
Services Commission
Ross Spiegel, AIA
2701 West Oakland Park Blvd., Suite 300
Oakland Park, Florida 33311
Sr. Vice President/
Public Affairs Commission
Henry C. Alexander, AIA
Smith Korach Hayet Haynie
175 Fontainbleau Road
Miami, Florida 33172
Vice President/
Public Affairs Commission
Joseph Garcia, AIA
3300 S.W. Archer Road
Gainesville, Florida 32608

A faculty member in the School of Architecture at Florida A & M University recently
handed me a chart, which at first glance appeared so confusing that I almost handed
it back. Closer scrutiny of the maze of arrows, dotted and parallel lines, however, indicated
that the chart was the result of someone's research into the personal and professional
relationships between architects from 1850 to the present. The chart begins with Thomas
Jefferson and works its way downward in lots of short spikey branches on a giant
architectural tree that ends with our contemporaries Tigerman, Graves and Gwathmey.
What goes on in between is very interesting.
The intent of the chart is to establish graphically the relationship, as either employer,
mentor or partner, between the leading architects of the eighteenth, nineteen and twentieth
centuries. In reality, an intriguingly straight line runs down the side of the page shooting
an arrow (which denotes employer or mentor) from Jefferson to Alan Greenberg. The
arrow passes right through the likes of Latrobe, Hunt, Furness, Sullivan and Wright. And
you thought Classicism was dead. Not according to this chart.
Other than Jefferson, who influenced the style of virtually every architect who came
after him, it is interesting to count the "mentor" arrows and see who had the most influence
on his peers. Many arrows project from Richard Morris Hunt. Not surprising since he was
the first American graduate of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. The roofs Hunt designed
when he returned to the U.S. were varied and based on French prototypes, but the tall
mansards also accommodated the mechanical equipment of the time and eventually found
their way onto such highrises as the 1857 New York Tribune Building. VanBrunt, Peabody
and Steams, Frank Furness, and ultimately Louis Sullivan, all took their cues from Hunt's
training in the Ecole.
Another mentor whose influence is marked by arrows shooting in every direction is
Louis Kahn. According to this chart, Kahn influenced everyone he came in contact with,
most notably Venturi. Only the cluster surrounding Gropius, and beneath him, Breuer, is
as dense, or as interesting. The groups are on opposite sides of the page and they look like
tight little enclaves of classicism on the left and the International Style on the right.
Who's in the middle, fighting the good fight for balance in all things? Bernard Maybeck
who was not as Wrightian as Wright, Eero Saarinen who felt that the architecture of the
Bauhaus as understood in this country lacked drama and Kevin Roche and John Dinkeloo
whose work has been described as looking like "a gleaming white Beaux Arts palace with
two equal wings flanking a central rotunda." If that description of the General Foods
Headquarters doesn't place their work somewhere in the middle of the design spectrum,
I don't know what does. And, of course, it leads us right back to where we started. With
Mr. Jefferson, the ultimate advocate of order, beauty and purpose. DG

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Computer Program
Minimizes House Fire

When it comes to fires, com-
puter programs can be especially
helpful in pinpointing the origins of
a blaze. After the 1980 MGM Grand
Hotel fire in Las Vegas, investiga-
tors used a fire modeling program to
identify the conditions that contrib-
uted to the deaths of 84 people.
Now government researchers say
they have a program that will pre-
vent fires before they start, particu-
larly in the home.
The Center for Fire Research
(CFR) at the National Institute of
Standards and Technology says
"Hazard I" will revolutionize the
way buildings are designed and
engineered for fire safety. Using a
standard personal computer and
Hazard I software, an architect can
judge how house and its occupants
will fare in a fire.
First the architect creates a floor
plan, entering into the computer

-- i

physical dimensions for rooms,
doors, windows and other building
characteristics. An on-screen fire is
triggered, and Hazard I quickly
calculates, and visually portrays, the
fire's impact, the course of the blaze,
how quickly it spreads, smoke and
gas levels, and rising temperatures
that are indicated by changes in
Because Hazard I can instantly
determine the effect of moving a
window or changing construction
material, the architect can use infor-
mation provided by the simulation
to revise the design. The program
even calculates how long it would
take occupants to escape the blaze,
and predicts the possibility of injury
or death based on age and gender.
With more sophisticated com-
puter technology on the horizon,
researchers will expand the pro-
gram's calculating abilities to larger
commercial buildings. In the mean-
time, CFR is looking at a three-
dimensional display system that will
provide greater realism in the quest
for fire safety. AIA News Service

New Technology Allows
Architects To See Unbuilt

Even the name sounds bizarre-
virtual reality.
Compared to the physical reality
perceived by our senses, virtual
reality is perception created by
computer. Now in its early stages,
scientists speculate it may one day
change the way medical students
are taught surgical procedures;
enhance our understanding of the
interaction between molecules; and
profoundly influence the way archi-
tects design buildings.
For architects, virtual reality
means direct interaction between
design and designer. Some archi-
tects now use computer technology
to take clients on a walking tour
through a realistic, three-dimen-
sional image of a building design.
Seated in front of a computer screen,
they "walk" from room to room,
studying the effects of window
placement and assessing the desira-
bility of room locations.
The virtual building can also be
placed in the midst of a virtual land-
scape, giving the client a curbside
view of the finished product.
In the future, architects will slip
on a computerized glove that allows
them to "reach" into the on-screen
image to reposition doors, windows
and walls.
VPL Research in California
manufactures the DataGlove, the
DataSuit (a full-body extension of
the DataGlove capability) and vir-
tual reality goggles known as
EyePhones. The goggles immerse
the user in virtual reality by replac-
ing visual input with tiny screens
that display images in color and
3-D. The image for each eye is
controlled by a separate computer,
which tracks head movement and
makes appropriate adjustments to
the highly realistic image.

While virtual reality technology
offers boundless potential, it is also
expensive. A VPL package retails
for about $130,000 for a single user.
It may be some time before users
can don EyePhones and DataSuits
and walk into their favorite arcade
AIA News Service

UBC Earthquake
Provisions Seminar
in Orlando

The International Conference of
Building Officials (ICBO) is offer-
ing a one-day seminar focusing on
the new 1988 Uniform Building
Code earthquake provisions. The
1988 UBC contains the most sig-
nificant changes to the seismic de-
sign provisions since the 1971 San
Femando earthquake influenced the
1973 UBC. The new earthquake
regulations reflect the latest state of
the U.S. seismic design practice
patterned after the document 'Ten-
tative Provisions for the Develop-
ment of Seismic Regulations for
Buildings," developed by the Ap-
plied Technology Council (ATC).
The one-day seminar will pro-
vide an overview and perspective
on the new and revised earthquake
regulations, including discussion of
some of the ramifications of the
changes on building design and
construction in areas of seismic risk.
The discussed changes will be pre-
sented in conjunction with an illus-
trated guide to be given to seminar
participants. The program is a
"must" for engineers, architects and
structural review planners.
The seminar will be given in
Orlando on March 23, 1990.
To register, please contact the
ICBO Education Department at
(213) 699-5041.


UM Architecture
Complex Officially

The groundbreaking ceremony to
celebrate the construction of the Ziff
Tower, the first building in the
University of Miami's new School
of Architecture complex, was held
in December. The complex will be
the first American project designed
by internationally-known architect
Aldo Rossi. Rossi is perhaps best
known for his II Teatro del Mondo
(The Theatre of the World) built for
the 1979 Biennale in Venice. He is
also an important architectural theo-
retician and his published works i
include The Architecture of the City
and Scientific Autobiography.
Rossi is familiar with the Univer-
sity of Miami campus and the Uni-
versity's plans for the future. He
Left to right: Tom Regan, former Dean of the University of Miami School ofArchitec-
served as a juror in UM's 1986 ture, Rossi, SanfordZif, Jr. Photo courtesy of Univ;of Miami.
Campus Master Plan Competition.
Rossi was commissioned to de-
velop schematic designs for a com-
plex of buildings for the School of
Architecture which will provide
significant public spaces, including
an auditorium, an exhibition space
and a reference library.
The Ziff Tower will contain three
very special rooms. Each is a funda-
mental Platonic shape: cube, sphere
and cone. No other building in the
world contains rooms of all three
The first floor of the tower will
be open and serve as a gateway to
the school. The second floor cube-
shaped room will contain an 80-seat
auditorium with a mezzanine gal-
lery, and the third floor sphere-
shaped room will have a hemisphere
ceiling and stepped seating in the
round on the floor. The cone-shaped r
room at the top of the tower will
penetrate the roof with a cone of

Rossi's sketchfor Ziff Tower. ?

Is A Mile-High Building
On The Horizon?

Frank Lloyd Wright believed that
someone would eventually build a
mile-high skyscraper so much so,
in fact, that in 1956 he unveiled his
own design for a 528-story, mile-
high building for Chicago.
It was a revolutionary concept
for its time, but 30 years later,
Wright's vision seems more fact
than science fiction. Leslie
Robertson, a New York engineer
who has collaborated with archi-
tects on three of the world's five
tallest buildings, says that current
technology makes the concept en-
tirely possible. If there are any
technical issues involved, Robertson
believes they revolve around terri-
bly uninteresting things like plumb-
Chicago's 110-story Sears Tower,
designed by SOM, has held the title
of "world's tallest building" since
1974. First and second runners-up
are New York City's World Trade
Center Towers (also 110 stories)
and the Empire State Building at
102 stories. Chicago is currently
considering approval of a 125-story
office tower designed by Cesar Pelli
& Associates. If approved, it would
overshadow Sears by 460 feet, soar-
ing to a height roughly equivalent to
five football fields stacked end zone
to end zone.
The greatest concerns facing
architects and engineers in design-
ing such buildings are accounting
for wind and seismic conditions and
the type of foundation upon which
the building is to be located. Differ-
ent compositions of stone and soil
require different structural systems.
To contend with the high wind loads
that affect I.M. Pei's Bank of China
in Hong Kong, Robertson designed
a 1209-foot megastructure that dis-
tributes gravity and the wind load to
the four comers of the building,


giving it the stability to endure high
winds and ground movement.
Some of the present or near-fu-
ture technologies that may shape
the future include super-strength
concrete; robots that can carry out
hazardous or routine maintenance
and construction; computerized
planning and design systems that
immediately alert the structural
engineer of changes by the archi-
tect; and elevators that "count" to
make sure the number of passengers
does not exceed the number of floors
requested. AIA News Service

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Florida's New Design/Build Law for Local Governments
By J. Michael Huey, Esq. and C. Scott Dudley

During the 1989 Legislative
Session, Senate Bill 1068 was
filed for consideration by Sen-
ator Howard Forman (D-Holly-
wood). This bill attempted to clar-
ify the provisions of the Consultants'
Competitive Negotiation Act (Sec.
287.055, ES.) as it related to the
use of design-build contracts by state
agencies, school boards, and city
and county governmental entities.
Throughout the course of the Ses-
sion, Senator Forman worked with
the Florida Engineering Society, the
Florida League of Cities, the Florida
Association of Counties, and the
Florida Association of the Ameri-
can Institute of Architects to resolve
many questions raised by his bill.
Ultimately, these parties developed
a statutory process that allows cities,
counties and school boards to accept
design-build proposals, while main-
taining the integrity of a qualifica-
tions-based selection process for
professional design services.
The new design-build law (Chap-
ter 89-159, Laws of Florida) does
not alter the provisions of the CCNA
as it relates to the acquisition of pro-
fessional landscape architectural,
land surveying, engineering, and
architectural services by state agen-
cies but does direct state agencies
to adopt rules for the awarding of
design-build contracts. Municipali-
ties, political subdivisions, and
school districts must also adopt rules
for the awarding of design-build con-
tracts, and these rules must include
specific minimum procedures out-
lined in the bill. These minimum
procedures include:
1) Requiring the local govern-
ment agency seeking design-build
proposals to employ a design cri-
teria professional to prepare a
design criteria package. A design
criteria professional is a firm au-
thorized to practice architecture or
landscape architecture (pursuant to
Chapter 481, ES.) or to practice en-
gineering (pursuant to Chapter 471,
ES.) and who is employed by or


under contract to an agency for the
provision of professional services.
The design criteria package prepared
by the design criteria professional
must include specific performance-
based criteria, such as the legal de-
scription of the sites, survey infor-
mation concerning the site, material
space requirements, interior quality
standards, schematic layouts and
conceptual design criteria of the
project, cost or budget estimates,
design and construction schedules,
and other such information as may
be necessary.
2) Selection of the design criteria
professional based on objective
criteria identical to those provided
for in the CCNA which evaluate the
qualifications and competence of
the design criteria professional. The
design criteria professional selected
to prepare the design criteria pack-
age is not eligible to render services
as part of the design-build firm
which is awarded the design-build
3) Requiring that the design-
build contracts be performed by a
single firm which is certified to en-
gage in construction contracting
and is certified to practice or offer
to practice engineering, architec-
ture, or landscape architecture.
4) Providing for the selection
of the design-build firm based on
qualifications, availability, tech-
nical, and design aspects of the
proposal for the project, and the
past work of the design-build firm.
At least three design-build firms are
selected from those responding to
the design criteria package proposal
using a competitive selection and
negotiation process, and then a de-
sign-build firm is selected from those
three top qualifying firms using
price and other weighted factors.
5) Requiring the design criteria
professional to review and evalu-
ate the construction of the project
to determine compliance with the
design criteria package.

6) Authorizing an agency to
enter into negotiations with the
best qualified design-build firm
available at that time in the case
of a public emergency. This decla-
ration of an emergency due to a de-
termination of danger to the public
health, safety, welfare or other sim-
ilar reason, allows the agency to
circumvent the competitive nego-
tiation process to choose a design-
build firm.
Another element of the design-
build concept which was passed dur-
ing the 1989 Session was the enact-
ment of Senate Bill 567 by Senator
Toni Jennings (R-Orlando). This law
(Chapter 89-162, Laws of Florida)
modified the architect, engineer,
contractor and landscape architect
licensing acts to clarify that these
professionals are not "practicing"
outside the scope of their practice
if they render or offer to render de-
sign-build services. However, these
professionals must retain the appro-
priate licensed professional to render
those services that are a part of the
design-build which require a licensed
professional to perform. Whereas
Senator Forman's bill (Chapter
89-159, Laws of Florida) requires a
separate design-build contract with
a city, county or school board, the
Jennings' design-build law clarifies
that any architect, engineer or con-
tractor may negotiate to offer and
actually provide design-build ser-
vices without creating a separate
design-build firm if the design-build
contract is not entered into with a
city, county or school district.
By authorizing only "design-build
firms" to. enter into design-build
contracts with "political subdivi-
sions," specifying that the design
criteria professional be selected
based on objective selection criteria,
and maintaining the design criteria
professional's traditional level of
judgment and control over a project,
Florida has developed one of the
most comprehensive design-build
laws in the nation.

Michal Huey is a principal in the
Tallahassee law firm ofHuey, Guil-
day, Kuersteiner andTcker. C. Scott
Dudley is a Legislative Consultant
with Huey, Guilday, Kuersteiner and

A Strong Volume Spinning Through Space

Putterman Residence
On an island near Sarasota

Architect: Carl Abbott Architect
Engineer: A.L. Conyers
Job Captain: Michael O'Donnell
Landscape Architect:
Joel Putterman, ASLA
Interiors: Carl Abbott and
Joel and Florence Putterman
Owners: Joel and Florence

T his bayfront residence was
designed for a nationally
recognized artist and her husband.
The solid roadside entry and the
form of the building give the ap-
pearance more of a gallery than a
residence. The feeling of
permanence of the outside walls,
however, does not prepare one for
the totally contrasting openness of
the water side of the house with its
view of the bay beyond.
The dominant view lines across
the bay determined the form of the
plan with its many angles and
large expanse of terraces. The
house sits on a small lot and is
screened by a colonnade of royal
palms which separate it from a
parking courtyard paved with
shells. After passing through
wooden doors bearing the owner's
artwork, one enters a clean, simple
courtyard containing sculpture.
Entry to the house is on axis to
the front door with a view of the
lagoon on the same axis. At a 30-
degree angle to this axis is a forest
preserve and the pool is on axis to
the forest angle. The water side of
the house is a series of angles
which set up view lines so that the
eye constantly sweeps back and
forth and the angles cause you to
read a fractured series of transpar-
ent planes. All of these planes are
contained within the solid shell of
the exterior forms.
The roof planes of the house
step backward, creating a continu-



9. .1

ous flow of space. The bedroom
has the lowest ceiling at eight feet.
The ceilings then get higher as the
hierarchy of space progresses
through the dining room, living
room and finally to the painting
studio with its 14-foot ceiling.
Thus the building cascades
upward, seeming to spin through
space and throw the viewer out
into the site. All of the rooms are
sized on a grand scale and
frequently used for entertaining.
The exterior of the house is
stucco blown on concrete block
and glass. The strong plan axes
create a volume with spaces that
fan out and open wide to the
magnificent view.Diane D. Greer

Photos of north elevation and entrance,
opposite, and southwest elevation and
pool by Steven Brooke. Axonometric
courtesy of the architect.


* *

New Life For A Symbol of Freedom

The Freedom Tower
Miami, Florida

Architect: R.J. Heisenbottle
Architects, P.A.
Principal-in-Charge: Richard J.
Heisenbottle, AIA
Project Architects: Timothy
Jay Baisdon, William Medellin
(Banquet Facility)
Preservation Consultant:
Charles E. Chase, AIA
Consulting Engineer: 1
Maurice Gray Associates, Inc.
Mechanical Engineer: Dalla-Rizza
& Associates, Inc.
Landscape Architect:
David Scully, ASLA
Interior Design: Tessi Interiors
Owner: Zamico International
General Contractor: Lear
Construction Management Corp.

A s you enter Miami on Bis -
cayne Boulevard, its
historic Freedom Tower can be
seen in the distance flanked by
newer I.M. Pei and SOM-
designed skyscrapers. The former
Miami News Building is a 17-
story Spanish Baroque Revival
tower designed by architects A _
Schultze and Weaver. The idea to
build the tower was born on the
ambitions of James Cox, former
governor of Ohio and owner of
the Miami News. Caught up in
the momentum of Florida's land L _-
boom and spurred by his faith in
Miami's future as a center of
commerce, Cox developed the
Miami News Building which
opened in July, 1925. ZI / 1I I

Photos of main facade as it faces Bis- I "!...
cayne Boulevard and detail of lantern i
by Dan Forer. Site plan courtesy of
R.J. HeisenbottleArchitects. Opposite
page, "Freedom Hall" banquet facility
with restored groin vaults and mural.by Dan Forer.
Photo by Dan Forer. a


NE 6th SI

The architects fashioned the
building after the Giralda Bell
Tower in Seville, Spain. They
designed a rectangular three-story
base from which rises a 12-story
tower. A two-story setback at
level thirteen creates a terrace
surrounded by a paneled parapet
with four finial-topped pilasters at
each corer. At level fifteen, the
tower is reduced to an octagonal
base from which emerges a two-
story belvedere. A ribbed-copper
dome and lantern complete the
In 1957, the Miami News
moved to larger headquarters and
most of the building stood vacant
until April, 1962. It was then
leased by the General Services
Administration and used as a
Cuban Refugee Center until the
early 1970s. Thus, it earned its
new name, Freedom Tower, and
came to symbolize the freedom
sought by the nearly one-half mil-
lion refugees fleeing Castro's rule.
From 1974 until restoration began
in 1987, the building remained
vacant with its future in question.
Today the Freedom Tower is
listed on the National Register of
Historic Places. With its textured
stucco walls drenched in sunlight
by day and illuminated at night,
the building enjoys a new life as a
speculative office building and
home of Freedom Hall, a popular
650-seat banquet facility.
Restoration of the Freedom
Tower to its original architectural
splendor was a massive undertak-
ing. The challenge lay not only in
planning the extensive structural
repairs, but in meeting current
code requirements without
changing or compromising the
character and historic authenticity
of the building.
Restoration involved the grant-
ing of a 40-year re-certification of
the building's structure, installing
three new sets of stairs, five new

Photo of restored Lobby and stair by Dan Forer.


elevators and repairing or replac-
ing all damaged concrete and de-
teriorated steel.
A number of ,i_ lirir discover-
ies were made during the restora-
tion process. One of the first sur-
prises came when a portion of the
original tower wall was found
completely intact under layers of
earlier restoration and repair work.
For the first time, the original
wood and steel windows became
visible and the restoration team
discovered paint on richly
textured stucco walls that had
been long hidden in concealed
Myriad architectural details
which had been removed or de-
stroyed during the building's 54-
year history had to be recreated.
Aided by original drawings and
historic photographs, craftsmen
were able to recreate the missing
ornament. Above the new four-
inch thick oak entry doors, a cast
iron transom was replicated from
the original. Cherubs again grace
the swan's neck pediment and
quatrefoil windows replace the
square aluminum windows that
were installed during an earlier
restoration. Once again, 15 eight-
foot tall cast stone obelisks are
lined up atop the tower's cornice
and 44 cast concrete obelisks
complete the upper level parapets.
In addition, eight finials and
numerous cast stone balusters
have been restored to the tower.
All have been designed to
withstand hurricane force winds.
The restoration of the Freedom
Tower was completed in the Fall
of 1989 and Miami has been given
back one of its landmark build-
ings. The restoration was
recognized by the Florida Trust
for Historic Preservation for the
"Outstanding Restoration of a
Non-residential Building" and
was given a Merit Award by the
Miami Chapter/AIA.
Esther L. Pere:


Detail of main entry portal shows
restored oak doors, quatrefoil win-
dows, cherubs and railings in inset bal-
cony. Photo by Dan Forer. First floor
plan by R.J. Heisenbottle.

Architecture For The Good Life

Mediterranean Village at
Williams Island
Williams Island, Florida

Architect: Sandy & Babcock Inc.
Architecture Planning &
Interior Design
Developer: Williams Island
Structural Engineer: Kimley-
Mechanical-Electrical Engineer:
Hulrc N iLolc ld,
Landscape Architect: Bradshaw,
Gill, Fuster & Associates
Contractor: Williams Island
Associates Ltd.

M editerranean Village repre-
sents the second residential
phase of a luxury condominium
resort located on an island in the
midst of Florida's Intracoastal
Waterway. The masterplan was de-
veloped to successfully integrate
the new phase into an already es-
tablished resort community.
The first phase of the develop-
ment consisted of condominiums
in a Mediterranean-style tower
which afforded occupants a view
of the Waterway. The second phase
of three building complexes,
which was completed in May,
1989, focuses inward to a smaller
body of water, hence the desire for
a smaller-scaled design. The prox-
imity of the new buildings to the
residential towers, however, meant
that their rooftops were a focal
point and the architects had to pay
particular attention to making them
an attractive feature of the project.
All of the buildings in the com-
plex are located near the world-
renowned Williams Island Club.
They are sited around the U-
shaped bulkhead for the deepwa-
ter marina and oriented so that
each unit enjoys expansive water
views. The single-loaded
corridors in each building allow
windows on both the front and
rear of the structure for good


cross-ventilation. The elevator
cores service two units per floor
for greater privacy and a sense of
individual entries.
The 107 units in Phase II range
from two-bedroom, two-bath units
of 1,928 square feet to 5,229-
square-foot penthouse units with
three bedrooms, three-and-a-half
baths and a study. The units are
set in mid-rise, Mediterranean-
style buildings, sited around an
ornate pool which serves as a
dramatic focal point for the
Heather Koenig

The author is a San Francisco
writer specializing in architecture.

Opposite page, Phase II conominiums.
This page, top left, entry court. Top
right, condominiums and marina from
southwest and below, condominiums
and central pool. All photos by Steven
Brooke. Site plan courtesy of the ar-


Shaping Both Site and Structure

Headquarters/MacDill Air
Force Base Credit Union
Tampa, Florida

Architect: KBJ Architects Inc.
Project Architect: Will Morris,
Mechanical/Electrical Engineers:
VanWagenen & Beavers
Structural Engineer: Smith,
Hardaker, Huddleston & Collins
Landscape Architect: Hilton
Meadows, ASLA
Contractor: Ron Molles
Owner: MacDill Air Force Base
Credit Union

T his 62,000 square foot build-
ing occupies a suburban site
adjacent to MacDill Air Force Base.
Unlike so many of the environmen-
tally sensitive sites which are being
developed in Florida today, this site
was so desolate that a retention pond
was selected as the central natural
feature that the building should
accommodate. Nearly all of the
offices in the two-story
building overlook the pond- a view
which is enhanced by the use of blue
Once the decision was made to
make the retention pond the focus
of the design, the task of shaping
the building around it proceeded.
Construction is steel frame and the
precast concrete which was used
has a stone-like quality which
contrasts with the wide expanses
of highly reflective blue glass.
On the interior, 18-foot-wide
canopied walkways provide
sunshade in the areas where tinted
non-reflective glass was used.
The owner wanted all of the cus-
tomer-related services, such as the
large banking lobby, real estate
offices and travel agency, to be
easily linked, yet completely

Photos show views of the building from
across the retention pond from, top,
the northwest and below, the southeast.
Opposite page, canopied walkway.
Photos by Steven Brooke.




separate, from the credit union's
corporate headquarters. To that
end, those functions, including
operations and executive offices,
are located on the second floor. I I
Aesthetically, the credit union
presents an interesting profile as it
literally zigzags across the reten-
tion pond before darting off in
wings which create a 90-degree
angle with the building entry. The
main entrance is incised into the -
southwest comer of the L where
the canopy motif was repeated to
tie entry to corridor. Where the -
building sections are progressively
stepped and set on columns which
seem to rise from the water, the-
building has a light, floating
quality. This is in contrast to the
weightiness and sense of solidity
which the precast concrete imparts
to the user. Leslie Roberts and I -
Diane D. Greer

Leslie Roberts is a Jacksonville
writer specializing in architecture.
First floor plan and site plan courtesy of the architects.





- ..

i I

~i r
i1i I

Site Preservation As Design Imperative

Old Ponte Vedra Beach
Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida

Architect: Curts/Meares/
The Architect's Studio
Tampa, Florida
Structural Engineer: H.M. Long
& Associates
Mechanical Engineer: O'Neal
Engineering Services
Landscape Architect: R. Glen
Mitchell & Associates
Interiors: Catlin Interiors and
Contempo Limited
Contractor: The Stellar Group
Owner/Developer: Gatelands

n 14 acres of dramatic
sand dunes near Jackson-
ville, 27 buildings containing 106
residential units are priced from
$189,000 to $328,000. At 7.69
units per acre, the project is both
dense and pricey. It is also
environmentally sensitive.
Without a doubt, the largest
design constraint for the architects
was sensitive placement of the
buildings in the existing landscape
without destroying the dunes.
This was accomplished by
creating a basic structural
configuration which allowed the
location of the units to be shifted
vertically following the slope of
the dunes.
The 4-unit building clusters
were conceptualized with
footprints that are small compared
with total square footage. The
exterior fabric is cedar, laid in
horizontal bands of lapped siding.
Extensive decking and copper
roofs add to the project's veracu-
lar look.
Since the basic structure of the
buildings is a four-plex of two-
over-two, this allows the units to
slide front and rear or up and
down along the center party line.
This feature was critical to fitting
the buildings into the topography


Photo by George Cott. Condominium elevations show two and three bedroom
schemes. Drawings courtesy of the architect.



of the dunes. Once placed, each
unit had essentially custom-
designed entry and patio deck.
The concrete pilings, on which
a precast deck and traditional
wood frames rest, also allow the
dunes to flow below the buildings
with little disruption. Additional
factors affecting the design of the
project were the requirement that
it withstand a 140 mile-an-hour
windload, the corrosive nature of
the salt water atmosphere and the
dramatic temperature changes
from freezing to sub-tropical. The
tropical conditions made energy
management in the project
essential. The extreme heat and
sun exposure are balanced by the
design's capability to capture
breezes from the ocean. The
project also called for heavy insu-
lation, glass block lighting, insu-
lated windows that allow natural
air cooling, high-efficiency heat
pumps and ceiling fans.
Retaining walls and erosion con-
trol were used extensively to pre-
serve the natural vegetation.
Square footage in the individ-
ual units ranges from 1,381 sf to
2,400 sf and every unit has its
view of the ocean maximized by
long expanses of glass. The
architectural style of the buildings
mimics coastal vernacular,
particularly in the choice of cedar,
copper and coquina-shell stucco
as exterior materials.
This 2,000-foot-long stretch of
oceanfront property contains what
the developer and architect
believe to be virgin coastal live
oak trees and dunes rising to
heights of 50 feet above sea level.
Fortunately, for everyone
involved, the significance of the
site was realized at the outset and
careful, sensitive design has
helped to ensure its preservation.
Diane D. Greer

Photos by George Cott.


peter albrecht corporation




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Auditorium/Concert Halls
Arenas/Convention Centers
TV and Movie Studios
Restorations and Renovations

Telephone: 414-421-6630 Facsimile: 414-421-9091
Circle 8 on Reader Inquiry Card


Perma Crete'" Stucco is a quality-
controlled, pre-blended portland cement
and selected aggregate composition
which includes a waterproofing agent,
fade-resistant pigments, and other chemi-
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Available in white and many beautiful
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For further information write or call C.L. INDUSTRIES, INC.
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(407) 851-2660; 1-800-333-2660; FAX: (407) 240-2743 Circle 26 on Reader Inquiry Card



Preservation: Palm Beach Style
April 27-29, 1990

Brazilian Court Hotel
Guided Tours, Boat Cruise, Polo
Call for Brochure



&BeachCOU Florida
A Toust Development funded project.
A Touritt Development funded protc.

APRIL 26 & 27
Registration 7:30 8:30 AM April 26
Seminar 8:30 AM 5:00 PM
$185.00 Early registration (closes April 6)
$210.00 Late registration
Course Materials
Lunch Both Days
Coffee Breaks
Course covers overview of commercial real estate business-user
brokerage & Investment analysis as taught In the
prestigious CCIM program
(407) 422 5143



SINCE 1974
Circle 24 on Reader Inquiry Card


Palm Beach Chapter/AIA

The Palm Beach Chapter/AIA presented its 1989 Design Awards to a variety of projects ranging from a private residence to a school science building.
The jury, whose chairman was John McCormick, AIA, selected six projects for the award.

Retail Store, Palm Beach Mall
Palm Beach Gardens, Florida
_Architect: Rex Nichols Architect & Associates, Inc.
This is a very strong solution to a simple problem. The vaulted ceiling,
mirrors and columns create a sense of grandeur which is not often seen in
small retail spaces. The detailing and spatial arrangement work very well.

Multi-family Housing Photo by Steven Brooke

Woodfield Country Club
Boca Raton, Florida
Architect: Rex Nichols Architect & Associates, Inc.
The jury felt that the massing of the buildings was good and that space
was well articulated. In its entirety, the project offered a sense of serenity
which the jury felt was conducive to a residential environment.

,g~ ,e"'~ : -:Science Building on High School Campus Photo by Steven Brooke
Palm Beach County, Florida
Architect: Barretta & Associates, Inc.
The jury was intrigued by the absolute simplicity of this project. The
straightforward use of thin slab concrete and simple columns and the
clean spaces, both interior and exterior, make a strong statement. The
relationship of design elements to plan contributes significantly to the
success of the project.

County Agricultural Extension Services Center .
Palm Beach, Florida t-
Architect: Gee & Jenson Engineers-Architect-Planners, Inc. 3
The exterior of this project suggests the nature and use of the building.
The interesting placement of buildings creates a circulation pattern which
is appropriate to various user functions and the architectural style is re-
sponsive to the Florida climate.

Yacht and Golf Club House Photo by Schuamberger & Asso.
Palm City, Florida
Architect: Jeffrey K. Lowe, AIA
Schwab, Twitty & Hanser Architectural Group, Inc.
This project has great eye appeal which is heightened by the use of
strong roof shapes. The project appears to have satisfied client impera-
tives without compromising the environment along the water's edge.

Photo by Steven Brooke 2,-
Renovation of a 1926 Single Family Residence j.
Boca Raton, Florida
Architect: Rex Nichols Architect & Associates, Inc.
The restored house maintains its Florida "boom" appearance while
adapting to contemporary needs. The dramatic window treatment recalls
earlier styles without diminishing the interior spatial quality. Interior
modifications did not compromise the function of the house.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT March/April 1990 31

* FlfT, yC0K CaOrACr WAS A OWt
FAC THe1.l you IUFP
CtP'6 OF-DE49PS 9y --HO ftO4, 'A
!"lWL-iy youi kmA UP W-'i' oWN CP-
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SMAL-(-~R PPPVrU.L-6..., c-4-uGB
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Avoid Costly Misunderstandings.



Make sure you and all the members of the building
team have legally sound agreements that pinpoint
responsibilities from design through completed con-
struction. There are more than 140 AIA contracts and
forms that clarify your rights and those of the client,
the contractor, and the consultant, and FULL
can help with construction project 1 DISTRIBUTOR
management. Contact usdocuments
for further details. docU m nltl s

Florida Association/
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
P.O. Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
FAX: (904)- 224-8048 (credit card only)
Tel (904) 222-7590
Ask for Scarlett Rhodes

AIA Documents... the foundation for building agreements.
01989, AIA

Architect/Designer for research,
development, design, construction,
alteration or repair of real pro-
perty. Must be familiar with thin
shell construction design. Salary
for a 40 hr. work week Mon-Fri,
9 am-5 pm is $26,000 yrly. Appli-
cants with Bachelor's degree in Ar-
chitecture and 1 yr. exp. in the job
send resumes only to:
Job Service of Florida
701 S.W. 27th Ave.
Rm. 15
Miami, FL 33135
ref: Job Order # FLO205677.

Senior Project Manager
HHCP Architects' rapidly growing
Leisure and Hospitality Design Di-
vision has an opening for a Senior
Project Manager of Hospitality Proj-
ects. The qualified candidate will
work with the Director of the Divi-
sion yet must possess the ability to
work under minimum supervision
and be a self-starter. Approximately
10 years experience in the design
of hotels/motels is required. He/she
should be astute in contract prepara-
tion and negotiation, as well as
being people-oriented and willing
to travel. Excellent company bene-
fits. Send resume in confidence to:
Larry Ziebarth, HHCP Ar-
chitects, Inc., 222 West Maitland
Blvd., Maitland, FL 32725.








Randall I. Atlas, Ph.D., AIA, CPP
600 NE 36th St., Suite 1522
Miami, Florida 33137

(305) 576-6029
FAX (305) 576-1390

Circle 19 on Reader Inquiry Card

For more information about
Kohler Plumbing Products
see these Kohler distributors:

Lawrence Plumbing
Supply Company
5700 W. Flagler St.
Miami, Florida 33144
(305) 266-3338

31 S.W. 57th Avenue
Miami, Florida 33144
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405 N. Flagler Avenue
Homestead, Florida 33030
(305) 248-7020

8712 S.W. 129th St.
Miami, Florida 33176
(305) 251-7022

Wool Plumbing
Distributors of Plumbing
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4340 SW 74th Avenue
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6778 N. Military Trail
West Palm Beach, FL 33407
(305) 863-7788

Circle 6 on Reader Inquiry Card


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fold-up seat. And with five barrier-free models (including a bath), there is a Kohler"
shower to fit virtually any special application. So why go "institutional" when the
Freewill Shower gives any area a distinctively residential look?


The New

Individual Non-Cancellable

Disability Program

Endorsed by Your

Guaranteed renewable
Level premiums
Long term benefits
No group increases
Pays for total and partial disability
in your occupation as an Architect
and/or loss of income
Premium discount to membership
Liberal underwriting
H. Leslie Walker, FAIA
Chairman, FA/AIA Insurance Trust

For more information call
Shirley Sandler, CLU
Southern Benefits LTD
or mail coupon below
DI Form 686 Circle 36 on Reader Inquiry Card

Mail to:
name Shirley Sandler, CLU
Southern Benefits LTD
2424 N. Federal Highway
Suite 366
Boca Raton, FL 33431
birthdate phone
best time to call

When you get roofing plans that read
..."or equivalent quality" you can
afford to use Bender concrete roof
tiles to add quality that's more
than just "equivalent:' Because
Bender quality and color run
all the way through
every tile! J

Double weather checks
are clean and precise

Color consistency
(no exposed edges)

Nail hole completely through

* Manufacturing process Reinforcement ribs
allows consistency in
weight and thickness
* Assures more even Double wi
looking roof installation go all the
* Lightweight up to 35% lighter (assures c
than most concrete tile
* Fungus Retarding top coat
* Color throughout

Specify superior quality and value with Bender Roof Tile.

Nail hole punched through
-- -- at top of curve (less cracking)

Seats raise tile
from battens
(minimizes contact area)
. i.


weather checks ,,i
way across
complete seal)

SBCCI No. 8736

For more information contact:

3100 S.E. County Road 484 P.O. Box 190 Belleview, Florida 32620
(904) 245-7074 FAX (904) 245-1873 1-800-527-5808 Florida Only

Circle 43 on Reader Inquiry Card


PBy a~"eq u lya q3ll~r

l Manufactured in Lakeland, Florida
48-hour Delivery
Fast, Simple Installation by One Sub-Contractor
Reduced Construction Time
All Necessary Building Code Approvals
Long Uninterrupted Spans
U Unbeatable Fire Ratings
U Excellent Sound Attenuation
U Monolithic Construction
N Distributor/Installers throughout Florida

Contact in Lakeland

Eleven Talbot Avenue. Rankin PA 15104
PHONE 412/351-3913
TWX 710-664-4424

Circle 22 on Reader Inquiry Card

36 FLORIDA ARCHITECT March/April 1990

Smart clients want smart solutions...
that reduce energy costs. New natural gas technologies offer lower initial
investment, lower operating costs and shorter payback periods. That makes
gas the perfect energy source for your client's commercial cooling needs.
DESICCANT COOLING SYSTEMS provide supermarket refrigeration and
cooling at lower humidity levels with substantial cost savings over conventional
systems. GAS ENGINE-DRIVEN CHILLERS provide improved cooling efficiency
and comfort at client pleasing cost savings of 30 to 60 percent.
Another cool technology is COGENERATION. Cogen systems use gas to
power an on-site generator to provide cooling, heating, hot water and electricity.
Several packaged systems for hotels, restaurants and other commercial opera-
tions are already on the market. And more are on the way. The cost savings
can be substantial. And clients won't have to worry about power interruptions
or surges affecting sensitive operations.
Look Smart! Get your next job with our cool new technologies. Call your local
natural gas utility or write:
Florida Natural Gas Association PO. Box 533432 Orlando, FL 32853

A .

Florida Natural Gas Association
Circle 10 on Reader Inquiry Card

Monier...The Source For Roof Tile

No matter whether the choice is roof tile that
looks like slate, wood shake, Mediterranean
classic or traditional Spanish "S,"
Monier has you covered.

. . .-.. .-.- ,

1-om 11s two plaV nfs liikII ind and
Ft. Lauderdale Al' oier can ui pply a
Han; c oi r l i' stutle in -stadard and
L u t,,oIm 1 I ii Hi.;i hii t' i i ill/ other
S'li/l ftia lltt it.' 1t Fl -ilai \ hy not
St 1- .01- iI t' t'lI I of tlht G lla d. Aurora
1 1- .'. 1a'a' ';d a, pthi A l.ntier Tile
- 1()/' I/0o y i 'wlt job.

Call tolda.i fmi *imples and
product literature.

., Ir -i, orea'l:- I.r iquiry Card


FLORIDA: 4425 U.S. Highway #92 East, Lakeland, FL 33801 (813) 665-3316



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