Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Back Cover

Title: Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00258
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: May-June 1986
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00258
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 6a
        Page 6b
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    Back Cover
        Page 45
        Page 46
Full Text

,#Y/JUN, 198


. .I . .. ..



Until now, about the only
way you could reduce the heat of
the sun was with windows that
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That made for buildings that
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They block the sun's heat 2 V2
times better than ordinary
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Talk to the right people
and learn the fascinating story.
Andersen High-Performance
Sun windows are distributed by
SFlorida Huttig Sash & Door
Company andare available from
lumber and building material
S dealers. Check the Yellow Pages
under "Windows."
1 Distributed by Huttig
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Come home to quali~ty. "


86921 1986 Andersen Corp.
Circle 1 on Reader Inquiry Card

May/June, 1986
Volume 33, Number 3



New Clinic Envisions The Future Of Eye Surgery 14
The Orlando Eye Clinic is HHCP's design solution
for the growing needs of out-patient eye surgery.
Alexander Stone, AIA

Home Is The Sailor, Home From The Sea 18
Barnett & Froncak's masterful restoration of
the Gibson Hotel transformed it from a midtown
eyesore to a town square showpiece.

Manhattan to Miami... A New Store For Bloomies 22
William Morgan Architects designed a south
Florida home for Bloomingdale's which gives a new
look to an old marketing concept.
Diane D. Greer

A Downtown Terminal That's City Sculpture 28
Architect's Design Group designed a colorful,
sculptural, horizontal bus terminal in the heart of
downtown Orlando.
Diane D. Greer

Downtown Midrise Captures Upscale Market 30
Orlando condos succeed in an overbuilt downtown
market ... Fugleberg Koch's sensitivity to privacy
and security may be the reason.
"De" Schofield

Towers Billow In Broward 32
The Nichols Partnership designed Fort Lauderdale's
Broward Financial Centre with a strong nautical
Paulette LePelch


Editorial 3
News/Letters 4
FA Interview 8
Tom Lewis... on Florida's growth management legislation
Viewpoint 43

On the cover- Bloomingdale's in Miami was designed by William Morgan Architects. Photo by Dan Forer.


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Circle 2 on Reader Inquiry Card


Florida Associalion of Ihe
American Institute of Architects
1114 East Jetfferrurn Street
Po[t Offi.:e B.:.\ i13:3._
Tallaha--see. Florida 3:2.1Y2
Publksher!Eiecultie ice Presideni
Geirgt-e A Aflen. C,\E
Diane D. Greer
Assistant Publisher
Director of Advertising
Carolyn Maryland

Design and Production
Peter Mitchell Associates, Inc.
Editorial Board
Ivan John~.n. A I A. Chairman
Carl Ahbb.tt. AIA
Stuart L. Bender. AIA
Bill Hegenrt, AIA
John Totty, AIA
J.am 'sJ. .-nrie,--in. AIA
74.1 Ashlev T,.wer
Ili") S A. hle Dri.-,
Tampa, Florida 33602
Vice President/President-elect
John Barley, AIA
P. O. Box 4850
Jacksonville, Florida 32201
J,.hn Ehrig, A.IA
2:331 E Bay Pri
Suit: 221
Clearniter, Fhn.t3 3.3>A6
Past President
Mark Jaro: zedicz. FAIA
Iiniver.sit of Florida
College o 01' Arcu lct re
331 Ar hitr-_ture Buriding
Gaine ville. Flonde :32l 1
Regional Direclors
Glenn A. Buff. FAIA
I.21 SW 9'th Alniue
Mi-ami. FI,,r.l.a: 33157
Mark Jtr:-zevcicz. FANIA
IUi er.ti or I- .lnd.,
Cull<-g- ol Ai-..ut- .t Lir-
331 Architecture Building
Gainesville, Floride 32611
Since Presideni for
Professional Socielr
Larrm S:hre,.i-r. A IA
115 \V'.idland R.od
Palm Spnring., Flonda .3.'A61
\ ice PresidenI ror
Governmental Relations
Lee Ramos. AIA
~)I0i S.A n2nd A. rnue. Suite 510
M1iami, Flonida .3311..
Vice President for
Professional Deselopmeni
Dean Ron -, AIA
777 S. Harbor Idl.ind Blvd.
Suwe 31i.)
Tampa. Flnda,3.361i2
\ ice President for
Public Relations/Communications
Don Sackiman, A IA
2.'6P S. W. 27th A' rnu,,
Cocnui Grn.ve Flonda 3:31.33
General Counsel
.J. Michael Hue.. Esquire
Sutte 51ii. Lewis State Bank
Posit Oftfie Bo" 17-41
Tallahassee, Florida 32302

I was in Miami recently for meetings. After living there
as a child, I hadn't been back in years except to fly in
and fly out. Thank heavens for Miami Vice. . it's kept
me current on the look of the city, along with recent
editions of every morning news program from CBS
Morning News to Phil Donahue. According to the exec-
utive director of the CBS Morning News, "Miami is the
hot city in America now. You can't pick up a magazine
without seeing something about Miami the fashions,
Miami Vice, the new mayor." He didn't say, "the archi-
tecture," but I know he meant to.
The question arose at one of the meetings I attended
about whether all this publicity, especially the Miami
Vice variety, is giving the city a bad name. Why couldn't
they have named the show "Miami"? Like Dallas. But,
Miami Vice. It's so seamy. It implies a Miami that har-
bors prostitutes, drug dealers, big crime. Actually, I'm
not sure there is any city the size of Miami that doesn't
harbor most of those things. Nevertheless, we're talk-
ing national image here. Image is important when you're
trying to promote tourism. "Come to the city of vice"
just doesn't cut it.
In reality, Miami is an upbeat, exciting place to visit,
and probably to live. I found the downtown exciting and
stimulating. The architecture is diverse and going up
everywhere. It's a city on the rise, but it's a city that
looks clean and appealing. It looks new, actually, and
compared to comparable cities up north, it is. Therein
lies some of Miami's appeal, I suspect. It's a sunny, clean
looking place, not at all dingy like so many of its sister
cities. It looks fresh, diverse, colorful.
As far as all the publicity, Miami Vice and otherwise,
is concerned, I feel this way. Publicity is publicity. It
keeps the city in the public eye and what a great opening
shot a pan of the city, the beach, a building by Arqui-
t ectonica. I doubt that shot has hurt their image nation-
%wide. It sure got my attention. I hope it will get yours at
the FA/AIA Fall Convention which convenes in Miami
in September.



September 26-28, 1986

~c~nP~ a


Dear Editor:

It has been brought to our at-
tention that the City Council of
the City of Plantation. Florida
is requesting an amendment to
Section 28.1 of Art icle X V III of
the Comprehensive Zoning Or-
dinance "to promote an aest he-
tic standard of interior design"
to buildings where public assem-
blage is invited or expected. ar-
guing "that the public, through
its city government, has t he duty
to impose reasonable regulate ions
upon the interior design of such
building or structure."
Aside from the immediate and
obvious question of whet her there
is a need for such legislation, the
subjects are raised of who is qual-
ified to impose a personal taste
to a pluralistic society, and how'
can this policy be implemented
without creating additional bur-
den to tax payers and phenome-
nal bottlenecks in a specially
created bureaucracy.
We think this ill-conceived and
ill-advised projected legislation
on taste is not only morally and
aesthetically wrong, but also ab-
solutely unenforceable.
Paul R. Nunez, AIA

Dear Editor:

I was very happy to see that
the inappropriate reference to
landscape architects was brought
to the reader's attention in your
"Letters To The Editor" section
of Florida Architect. While I am
not a landscape architect, I did
immediately notice this error in
your September '85 issue. Rec-
ognizing the overall high quality
of the Florida Architect publica-
tion, I fully supported Frank
Meroney's decision to bring this
matter to your attention. Your
acknowledgement reinforces my
strong feelings about the mutual
respect and cooperation that's
required for both professions to
be effective.

Henry Skokowski, AICP

Cd y Park Place in Ft. Lauderdale by Tuthill and Vick Architecture.


Davis & Associates Architec-
tural Division received a Gold-
en Brick Award from the Orlando
Downtown Development Board
for its design of the Regional
Crime Lab in Orange County. m
Schwab & Twitty Architects, Inc.
received a "Best in American
Living Award" for their design
of Oceanside Village at John's
Island. The award is sponsored
jointly by Better Homes and
Gardens Magazine and Profes-
sional Builder Magazine. a Stu-
dio One, Architecture, Planning
and Landscape Architecture re-
ceived six awards in the Top
Brass Awards Competition.
Sponsored by the Daytona Beach
Homebuilders Association, the
awards program recognized
"standard-setting design." The
Florida South Chapter/AIA pre-
sented its Silver Medal to Jerome
Filer for "his accomplishments
in his practice, his works of ar-
chitecture, his leadership and
service to the profession and his
inspiration to his fellow archi-

tects." The Silver Medal is the
highest honor the Chapter can
bestow on a fellow architect.
The Broward County Chap-
ter of the AIA gave its 1985
Honor Award to Bob Tuthill and
Bob Vick of Tuthill and Vick
Architecture for their design of
the law offices of Sobo, Wellens
and Balocco in Ft. Lauderdale.
Merit Awards were given to Don
Singer for Temple Beth David in
Palm Beach Gardens, Tuthill and
Vick for the architectural inter-
iors of their own offices in Ft.
Lauderdale and Linda Finch of
Michael Shiff & Associates for
Royal Palm Park in Oakland
Park. Catherine D. Lee, AIA and
Shepard Associates, Architects
and Planners, Inc., Jacksonville,
were given an award for Design
Excellence in Historic Preser-
vation for their restoration work
on the Stranahan House in Ft.
Lauderdale. m KBJ Architects,
Inc. of Jacksonville was the re-
cipient of three Design Recogni-
tion Awards sponsored by the
Jacksonville Chamber of Com-
merce and the Arts Assembly of
Jacksonville. Awards were re-

ceived for Two Prudent ial Plaza,
Reddi-Arts and the Chapel at the
Southern Bell Tower. George
L. Powell & Associates designed
the renovation of the Jefferson
Building in Orlando and received
a Gold Brick Award from Down-
town Orlando, Inc. for the unique
design and innovative use of an
existing building.

New and Newly

Reorganized Firms

The Obst Associates is now
Smith Obst Associates. Architects/
Planners in West Palm Beach. m
The newly formed firm of Arnold
Prato Associates will offer serv-
ices in architecture, planning, in-
terior and graphic design in Jack-
sonville. Eans Associates. P.A.
is a new firm of architects and
planners in Pembroke Pines. m
Robert J. Bitterli + Associates has
just been formed in St. Peters-
burg and will offer services in ar-
chitecture, facility planning and

New Commissions

Harper Buzinec Carreno Ar-
chitects/Engineers designed the
Southeastern College of Osteo-
pathic Medicine in North Miami
Beach for which groundbreaking
took place in early March. The
50,000 s.f. building is scheduled
for occupancy in fall of 1987. m
Barretta & Associates is doing
,the site planning and architec-
tural design for the Schmidt,
Raines, Trieste, Dickenson,
Adams & Company Headquar-
ters in Boca Raton. Arthur Wil-
liam Dearborn is principal-in-
charge of the project.
Arquitectonica International
Corporation has designed a $31
million maritime office/restau-
rant/retail complex on Dodge Is-
land in Miami called "A Seamark
at the Port." Developed by Miami
Seaport Partners, Ltd., the 13.8-
acre port expansion is the first
private undertaking in the Port
of Miami's history. Arquitecton-
ica has designed a reflective sil-
ver tile and glass complex com-
bining two new cruise terminals
which will be equipped to service
two to three new cruise ships by
August, 1986. The Stewart
Corporation-Architects was con-
tracted by the City of Tampa to
renovate t he H illsborough River
Water Treatment Plant Boiler
House. The Boiler House is ad-
jacent to the Treatment Plant
which is on the National Regis-
ter of Historic Places. Use of the
Boiler House was discontinued
several years ago and the build-
ing will be renovated into offices
and workshops for the City of
Tampa Water Department. mAn-
other National Register site, the
historic Frances-Carlton Apart-
ments built in 1924, will be re-
stored by Sasaki Associates of
Coral Gables.
H. J. Ross Associates, Archi-
tects-Engineers/Planners has been
awarded the contract to design
The Renaissance, a 2.8 million
s.f., mixed-use development pro-
posed for Altamonte Springs.
The entire project is to be built in
three phases over a five-year
period. 0 Keith C. Hock, AIA, Ar-


Baretta & Ass o l. diesig, for Ihe Sch m idl Ra ines Trieste Dickenson Adams & Co. Headquarters in Boca Raton.

chitect will design the Fellowship
Hall of the Ormond Beach Pres-
byterian Church. m Currie Stub-
bins Schneider Architects, AIA,
PA, have been selected to design
the new Catalina Centre resort
and hotel in Boynton Beach.
When complete, the facility will
have 168 hotel rooms as well as
retail, commercial and office fa-
cilities. The Kirkland Group
Architects and Interior Designers
has recently completed Paragon
Crossing Retail Center in St.
Petersburg. The retail center is
part of a multi-use development
of retail shops, apartments and
office buildings.
George L. Powell & Associates
w-ill be the architects fIr the ren-
ovation of The Gurney Building
in downtown Orlando. m Anstis-
Ornstein Associales. Architects
and Planners. Inc. has just com-
pleted contract documents for




Sasaki Associates is restoring the historic Frances-Carlton Apartments
built in 1924.
the Club Olympiad in West Palm ity which will serve as the focal
Beach. The facility will be 40,000 point of the City's government
s.f. and completion is scheduled center. Architects Design
for fall, 1986. Briel Rhame Group, Inc. and Clements, Rum-
Poynter & Houser Architect-En- pel, Goodwin, d'Avi have been
gineers, Inc. has designed the selected to perform a detailed
City of Boca Raton Police Facil- analysis of the Marion County

Southestern (',/ll g' lr O ,l,,'' 'l 1' Medicine in North Miami Beach was designed by Harper Buzinec Carreno
Architects/Engineers, Miami.


Judicial System located in Ocala.
The study will identify the cur-
rent and future needs of the
County Court, Clerk and other
judicial departments and result
in the suggestion of possible so
lutions. Construction has be-
gun on the new Leon County
Justice Complex in Tallahassee.
The $32 million structure hous-
ing both county government and
judicial services in 255,000 s.f.
was designed by Barrett Daffin
and Carlan, Inc., Architects, En-
gineers and Interior Designers.
Barrett Daffin is also currently
finishing the Radisson Hotel
Tallahassee and design work is
underway in their Montgomery,
Alabama office on several proj-
ects including the new Coast
Guard Facility at Demopolis In-
let and the Cochrane B3ridge in


The Leon County Justice Complex inT ,i. ,i. t ,gd b, Bornit Dft ,,, i 1d Cir rlr,,. I ',.. Arcih i-cts.
Engineers and Interior Designers.


FLORIDA ARCHITECT magazine will publish a special Convention 87 issue in conjunction with hosting the 1987 National
AIA Convention in Orlando. This special issue will be published in May, 1987, and distributed to all attendees at the AIA
Convention, making readership of that issue nationwide.
The scope of the special issue is statewide and includes Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Submitted projects can be
of any completed buildingss, interior or related structure. Restorations and retrofits are also acceptable. Projects must have
been completed by a member of the FA/AIA and they must be submitted under the name used as "Architect of Record" on
the original drawings. You may submit up to three projects, but only one will be published. Previous publication in FLORIDA
ARCHITECT magazine does not preclude publication in this special issue and we encourage previous design award win-
ners to submit winning projects.

Entries will be submitted with a completed entry form. Entry forms are available from the FLORIDA ARCHITECT office
by either calling or writing and they may also be picked up at the registration desk at the Design Conference. May 16-18, at
Howey-in-the-Hills. Along with the completed entry form, certain materials, which are listed on the form, must be submitted
in a binder of your choice. There is no entry fee. Projects not selected for publication will have materials returned by
September, 1986. Selected projects will be kept in the magazine office until May, 1987. Do not submit materials you will
need prior to May, 1987.

June 1, 1986 Deadline for receiving your entry form. If you want your project published, don't wait. Call or write
for an entry form NOW.
August 15, 1986 Deadline for receipt of submitted projects in Tallahassee.
September 2, 1986 FA/AIA Publication Committee meeting in Tallahassee and selection of projects for
publication. Decision by the Publications Committee and the Editor of FLORIDA ARCHITECT is final.

Read the entry form carefully and follow the directions for submission exactly. I anticipate many projects being sub-
mitted and in order to fairly assess each project, the projects must be submitted in like manner. Send the best photographs
of your project that are available. Text in this issue will be minimal and good photography is critical.
This is an excellent opportunity to get your work before a national readership. I'll be glad to assist you in any way I can.
Call me if you have questions.




I _


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Tom Lewis... on Florida's growth management legislation

Last July Governor Graham
appointed Tom Lewis, Jr., Ar-
chitect, Secretary of the Depart-
ment of Community Affairs.
Lewis is a graduate of Georgia
Tech where he received both his
Bachelor and Master of Archi-
tecture degrees. In 1971, he en-
tered private practice in Orlando
and in 1974 he formed his own
architecture firm. From 1979 to
1982, he was a Special Assistant
to Governor Graham in a part-
time capacity, but in 1981 he left
the practice of architecture to
take on the job full-time. In Au-
gust of that year he became the
Director of Preconstruction and
Design at the Florida Depart-
ment of Transportation and was
appointed Assistant Secretary
of Transportation in May, 1982.
In July, 1985, he was appointed
Secretary of the Department of
Community Affairs. It is in
that capacity that he was inter-
viewed by FA/AIA past presi-
dent Jim Anstis, AIA.

ANSTIS: What is your opinion
of the intent of the 1985 legis-
lation dealing with growth
LEWIS: I think the intent of
the legislation was to learn from
the experiences we've had since
1972 when Florida began pursu-
ing growth management legisla-
tion. I also think the intent was
to establish an effective process
for ensuring an integrated com-
prehensive planning process at
the state, regional and local lev-
els and third, to delineate a num-
ber of significant polices to guide
future land development activi-
ties in Florida. Some of these pol-
icies involve growth paying its
fair share of growth, moving
back from the coast, providing
infrastructure concurrent with
the impacts of development and
managing all growth equitably.
ANSTIS: Do you think the legis-
lature intended to inhibit growth
or to provide a framework for
dealing with growth by solving
growth-related problems?
LEWIS: There is no question in

my mind that the latter was the
intent. Florida will continue to be
a major growth state and that's
a desirable characteristic. Flor-
ida also has innumerable unique
and fragile natural resources and
it is these very resources that
make Florida such a popular des-
tination for visitors and new
residents. Estimates are that
Florida will add a "51st state" in
the next 15 years as we increase
our population by some 5.7 mil-
lion people. The "new" state we
add within our borders will be
equal in size to Georgia. The new
growth management legislation
is a quality growth program.
It certainly isn't a no-growth
ANSTIS: How will the Depart-
ment of Community Affairs man-
age the interface between units
of local government and the re-
gional planning agencies so that
the objectives of the 1985 legisla-
tion are met?
LEWIS: This interface is criti-
cal. I believe that part of the in-
terface is mandated in the new
legislation since local comprehen-
sive plans must be determined to
be consistent with comprehen-
sive regional policy plans pre-
pared by the regional planning
councils (RPCs). Our depart-
ment will make that decision,
and we won't do it in a vacuum.
We plan to provide technical
assistance as the process pro-
gresses and, in fact, the regional
planning councils will be required
to ensure broad local input into
the development of those re-
gional plans. The department
contracts with those councils for
certain services. We will ensure
in those contracts a reinforce-
ment of the importance of their
character to RPCs which should
encourage such interface. At
least two-thirds of their mem-
bers are locally elected officials.
The RPCs must also establish an
informal mediation process to re-
solve differences between local
governments in their region.
And finally, the real key may be
how the Department of Com-

munity Affairs reasonably and
effectively administers the re-
view process of all local govern-
ment plans, including determin-
ing their consistency with both
the state comprehensive plan
and the appropriate comprehen-
sive regional policy plan. This is
a new role for DCA. In the past,
our role was review and com-
ment. Today our role is review
and approval. The new process
focuses on the local and regional
management of growth, follow-
ing a state blueprint for growth
in the State Comprehensive
Plan. We intend to work very
hard to keep the focus at the local
level consistent with carrying
out that blueprint.
ANSTIS: How will the various
regional planning agencies be
able to develop policies that pro-
vide for dramatic differences in
development patterns in various
areas within their jurisdiction?
For example, any agency with
jurisdiction over counties that

range from clearly rural and
agricultural next to a county that
is developing rapidly.
LEWIS: This is a typical prob-
lem for most regions and many
counties. The RPCs will be de-
veloping policies in many ways
including special technical or
community workshops, public
meetings, coordination with lo-
cal plans, surveys, analyses and
the like. I believe most will seek
to ensure that these techniques
will be used to develop policies
for both urban and rural condi-
tions and environments. While
the needs of and the pressures on
rural and urban areas may sig-
nificantly differ, there is nothing
about this difference that says
that a regional plan can't address
both. I also believe planning is at
its best when it is used in a non-
static environment. While such
differences will be a challenge to
planning, I am confident our re-
gional planning councils will meet
that challenge.
Continued on page 12


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project :
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Kansas City, Missouri
consulting Engineer:
jeiger Berger Associates
architect :
bim Lindsley, AIA
hallmark Cards, Inc.
photographer :
'aul Kivett

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Circle 9 on Reader Inquiry Card

ANSTIS: Do you feel that the
1985 legislation provides any re-
siliency to units of local govern-
ment and regional planning
agencies for future revisions
that would provide for more
growth should a local govern-
ment choose to go in that direc-
tion? How?
LEWIS: I don't know of any lo-
cal or regional plan that is cast in
concrete. In the past, many plans
were not locked into anything.
They were on the shelf, ambigu-
ous or so inflexible as to not be
an effective usable tool for man-
aging growth at any level. Many
of them changed so frequently
that it was difficult to keep up
with the latest version. In many
cases, they weren't really plans
for the future at all, but rather a
documentation of historical ac-
tions which had occurred in a
disjointed, day-to day land use
decision process. The 1985 legis-
lation supplies predictability
and utility without rigidity.
Changes in plans can occur, but
more thoughtfully than in the
past. The Local Government
Comprehensive Planning and
Land Development Regulation
Act, for example, clearly spe-
cifies that local plans may be
changed, but limits change to
not more than two times a year,
with certain exceptions. That
act also states "the planning pro-
gram will be a continuous and on-
going process . it is the intent
of this act that adopted compre-
hensive plans be periodically up-
dated through the evaluation
and appraisal report . ." The
state and regional planning act
contains similar language requir-
ing plan evaluation and updating
every three years. So, I would
say that not only are there pro-
visions for updates relative to a
local government's decision on
more growth, but such updates
are required and are a basic part
of the new legislation.
ANSTIS: The 1985 legislature
requires the installation of infra-
structure simultaneously with
development. Explain how you
think the legislation provides
reasonable requirements for de-
velopments to mitigate their
own impact while not being re-
quired to also mitigate the im-
pact of previously approved
developments that escaped the
requirements of this legislation.

LEWIS: The new statute con-
tains several references to infra-
structure concurrent with de-
velopment. For example, it is
specifically mentioned in the
Florida Quality Development
and Areawide Development of
Regional Impact section and
in the statutory criteria for the
coastal management element of
local comprehensive plans.
There are also several places in
the new growth management
legislation where there is clearly

an intent through the new inte-
grated comprehensive planning
process to require infrastructure
concurrent with the impacts of
development. The State Com-
prehensive Plan addresses it.
I also believe there is a basic
intent that growth's responsibil-
ity for dealing with the impacts
of growth does not include a re-
sponsibility for addressing the
existing infrastructure deficien-
cies. As to the specific instances
within this new legislation, there

is a section that requires a local
government to collect an exac-
tion for development impacts
from all types of development if
it intends to require such exac-
tion from any type of develop-
ment. This section goes into ef-
fect July 1, 1986, and after that
date any local government that
has not enacted an impact fee
ordinance will not be able to
exact impact monies from (DRI)
Continued on page 36

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little more than electric.
Get the facts from your local
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Circle 10 on Reader Inquiry Card

New clinic envisions the future of eye surgery

Florida Eye Clinic
Altamonte Springs,

Architect: Helman Hurley
Charvat Peacock/Architects,
Project Designer: Alexander W.
Project Manager: Wayne F.
Construction Administration:
Robert S. Szafranski
Interiors: Tom Scherer
Landscape Architects: Herbert/
Halback, Inc.
Structural Engineer: Allan and
Conrad, Inc.
Mechanical Engineer: Bobes
and Associates
Contractor: Aagaard Juergen-
sen, Inc.
Owner, Mitchell Shapiro, M.D.

The Florida Eye clinic, a25,000
s.f. ambulatory surgery cen-
ter located in Altamonte Springs,
is the largest facility in Florida
specializing in nearly every ma-
jor type of eye surgery that can
be done on an out-patient basis.
Located a few blocks south of
a major hospital, the site is es-
sentially a flat, barren rectangu-
lar property with large open
fields on three sides and an ex-
isting two-story medical office
building on the north side. Ac-
cess to the site is gained from an
arterial street which is fed by a
major six-lane thoroughfare one
block to the north. Without any
strong site influences, the re-
sulting design is largely due to
climatic response and the inter-
action of zoning regulations and
client program requirements.
The owner requested maxi-
mum development of the prop-
erty, a covered drop-off for pa-
tients and covered parking for
doctors and staff. The covered
parking, shielded visually from
the privacy approach, deter-
mines to some degree, the loca-


Photo, top left, night view of north
facade shows covered drop-off and
the transparency of the stair en-
closure. Bottom left, section cour-
tesy of HHCP Architects. This
page, top: at right, interior lighting
reveals lobby stair tower enclosure
and elevator. Left, view from
T within optical sales department
looking toward finance window.
7---- : Mirrors relfect portion of waiting
area and visually enlarge the
space. Photos by Alex Stone.


tion of certain spaces in the in-
terior which do not require (or
should not have) natural light,
such as the surgical suite, exam
rooms and equipment rooms.
The covered drop-off is on the
north side of the building, and is
immediately visible upon ap-
proaching the site. The main
lobby, adjacent to the drop-off,
is a two-story atrium covered
for protection from sun and rain,
but left open to the natural
breezes of Florida's temperate
climate. The focal point of this
space is a 15-foot Rhapis palm, il-
luminated by sunlight from a cir-
cular skylight.
Subordinate to this, and defin-
ing the lobby on the west side,
is an elevator, clearly articulated
as a single vertical shaft with an
adjacent steel stair enclosed in
clear glass block. The glass block
shields the stair from wind and
rain and yet, because of its trans-
parency, is easily recognized as
a vertical circulation component.
From the atrium, one may also
enter the main waiting area for
the clinic. A feeling of spacious-
ness is achieved here by a wall of
floor-to-ceiling glass, forty feet
long, which visually opens onto a
landscaped buffer.
The use of glass block seemed
particularly appropriate in a
building devoted to optics. With
this in mind, a curved glass block
wall was also used on the interior
as a subtle divider between the
waiting area and an optical sales
The internal layout has a sim-
ple "racetrack" circulation with
doctors and business offices on
the perimeter for natural light
and a central core of service/staff
functions located for optimum
efficiency. The exterior of the
building, in addition to fixed
glass and glass block, is stucco
with reveals differentiating the
floor and roof planes. The build-
ing has a structure of load bear-
ing masonry on the exterior and

steel columns, beams and joists
on the inside.
The use of seven-foot wide
overhangs for both floors pro-
vides a sheltering appearance to
a building located on a basically
barren site. The overhangs, in
combination with eight inch steel
channel sunscreens, block all di-
rect sunlight penetration into
the building during normal
working hours.
The "same-day" surgical facil-
ity will become more common as
technological advances in laser
instruments and highly sophisti-
cated operating microscopes en-
able physicians to perform major
surgical procedures on an almost
routine basis. Reduced hospital
costs and patient recuperation
time in familiar non-institutional
surroundings are significant ad-
vantages of the out-patient clinic.
Alex Stone

The author was project designer
for the Florida Eye Clinic.

-- ----------- --



Top, first floor plan and above, east facade (front) showing glass block stair enclosure, deep
overhangs and steel channel sunscreens. Photo by John Markham.


Architectural Masonry Units




Home is the sailor, home from the sea...

The Gibson Hotel
Apalachicola, Florida
Architects: Barnett + Fronczak
Project Designer: Dave
Fronczak, AIA
Structural Engineer: Dawson
Copeland, P.E.
Interiors: Bass & Bass, Ltd.
Contractor: Vick Griffin
Construction Company
Owner: The Gibson Venture
Apalachicola, Florida is a slow
paced water oriented com-
munity whose contemporary
claim to fame is its annual Sea-
food Festival. It is located
where the Apalachicola river
meets the Gulf of Mexico, mid-
way between Tallahassee and
Panama City. The town has one
of only a handful of National
Register Historic Districts to
be found around the State, and
this one boasts a fine collection

of late Victorian residences, the
John Gorrie Museum and the
only Egyptian Revival building
extant in Florida which is still in
use as a high school. Surround-
ing the district is a modest, and
slightly rundown shopping area
and an abundance of fishhouses.
The Gibson Hotel has, since
its construction in 1907, occu-
pied the best commercial site in
downtown Apalachicola. It is in
what might be called the "town
square." Known originally as
the Franklin Hotel, and built by
turpentine magnate Franklin
Buck as a house with rooms to
rent, the hotel underwent nu-
merous changes through the
years. Eventually the structure
fell into a state of disrepair and
was closed to the public except
for a few street level shops
which continued to operate.
The hotel was originally con-
structed with a veranda, a sec-
ond floor balcony, mansard roof
with dormers, a ventilating bel-
vedere and rooftop balustrade.

Drawing of southeast elevation of
restored hotel courtesy of the

Traditional furnishings were used
throughout the hotel interior as seen
on the opposite page in a typical
bedroom/parlor suite. Photos by
Bob Martin.




A two-story ancillary building
was located immediately adja-
cent to the north. During the
1930's and 40's, two wood stove
chimneys were added and a se-
ries of second floor bathrooms
were infilled on the original bal-
cony. At various times through-
out its history, rooms were
added to the north side of the
hotel to accommodate mechani-
cal and kitchen facilities. Of
these, only a concrete founda-
tion wall, brick rubble from a
former chimney and large boiler
tanks were still in evidence.
Heart pine flooring and stair
risers were covered with lino-
leum and dry wall partitions and
paneling had been insensitively
placed in curious locations
throughout the hotel. The origi-
nal lobby and grand staircase
had been enclosed, infilled and
obscured to accommodate a flor-
ist and hairdresser.
Victorian in character, the
original Franklin Hotel had sim-
ple eclectic detailing and minor
classical references. The man-
sard had been removed between
1907 and 1920, probably to in-
crease the size of the rooms. The
belvedere also disappeared dur-
ing this period for unknown rea-
sons. As the balcony and veranda
deteriorated with the passage of
time, they were either covered
over, infilled or removed. Rem-
nants of the original building
were in various states of disarray
at the time the present owners
purchased the building.
In order to accomplish an ac-
curate restoration, architects
Barnett and Fronczak used his-
toric photographs of the building
as well as those fragments of the
original building that were still
intact. For example, the balcony
and veranda columns were repli-
cated from one existing column.
Turned newel posts were reused.
An original exterior staircase
was reoriented to provide better
emergency exiting. The existing
structure had a balloon frame
and this, in conjunction with
door transoms and third floor

ceiling vents created a perfect
flue for any potential fire. It
was estimated that if a fire had
started, the entire structure
would have been involved within
ten minutes. To prevent any
such devastation, the studs were
blocked, the convective paths
were closed, a sprinkler system
was added, four-panel fire re-
sistant doors to match the origi-
nals were added at each bedroom
and staircases at the third level
were enclosed with fire resistant
material. A diverse group of
state regulatory agencies, such
as the State Fire Marshal, the
Division of Archives, History
and Records Management and
the Hotel and Restaurant Com-
mission, were all involved in the
permitting of the building. The
present design reflects a com-
promise of all of their concerns
and sometimes conflicting inter-
ests. The design intent was to
restore and/or reconstruct the
building with minor functional
additions to its 1907 appearance
without the original mansard or
dormers on the third floor. The
hotel now contains 30 rooms on
the second and third floors and
lobby, conference/guest room,
restaurant and lounge on the
first floor.
The original structure, though
intact, had shifted laterally and
the flooring had jagged deflec-
tions. The brick pier on grade
foundation had settled signifi-
cantly. Brick piers were rebuilt
with original material or re-
pointed. Deteriorated founda-
tion beams were replaced and
the structure was leveled to the
maximum extent possible. Built-
up beams were dismantled, rein-
forced with steel and recon-
structed. Undersized second and
third floor joists were supported
by additional beams to handle
normal loading. The veranda,
second floor balcony and belve-
dere were reconstructed from
photographs and minor rem-
nants. The original exterior
beaded and bevel siding was
covered sometime in the 1930's

by an application of cypress
shakes. The original siding had
only been painted two different
colors before being covered.
Placing fragments under the mi-
croscope told us that the original
colors were bright yellow with
dark green trim. Considered too
bright by the new owners, a
more sedate full bodied blue
with white trim was chosen for
the restored building. First
floor entrances have double
doors with a single beveled light
above a dentilled drip and carved
wood festoon. The two-over-
two double-hung windows have
blown glass. They also contain a
brass brad with location number
in the jamb. Unfortunately, the
exterior window trim had been
sandblasted during the 60's.
Door and window trim is
either plain or fluted with bulls-
eye corners. Inside the hotel,
heart pine and cypress were
used on all surfaces.
The public space on the first
floor was opened to its original
width and is now half lobby and
half lounge. The lobby and
lounge are divided by a wainscot
wall with operable shutters.
The space is unified by five Tus-
can columns which support an
incomplete grid of beams which
run to become wall moldings.
A considerable amount of at-
tention was originally lavished
on the construction of the pri-
mary staircase with its newel
post, railing and paneled walls.
During restoration, the wood-
work was meticulously stripped
by hand and varnished. New
walls were constructed to reflect
that they are new and allow for
easy removal if desired in the fu-
ture. All mechanical and electri-
cal systems are new. The
HVAC is a water source heat
pump with boiler and cooling
tower located at grade level be-
hind the kitchen.
Bill Sabella, AIA

The author is an architect in the
office of Barnett + Fronczak


Top, Southeast facade of the re-
stored Gibson Hotel taken from the
town square. Middle, lobby lounge
and dining room and bottom, main
staircase in lobby which was repli-
cated from one existing post that
was found. Photos by Bob Martin.


Manhattan to Miami, a new store for Bloomie's


Architect: William Morgan
Consulting Engineer, Mechanical
and Electrical:
H.J. Ross Associates, Inc.
Interior Designer: Hambrecht-
Terrell International
Developer: The Cortelis
General Contractor: Kroll
Construction Company
Owner: Bloomingdale's

If you're in New York and
you've got time to kill, ask any-
one where to go and they'll
unanimously tell you, Blooming-
dale's. . "Bloomies" to the
regulars. Well, now if you're in
Miami and you want the ultimate
shopping experience, just ask
anyone where to go and they'll
tell you, Bloomingdale's.
Designed by William Morgan
Architects, the Miami Blooming-
dale's is the first in the Southeast '
and it was designed with the
store's merchandising program
in mind. The original Blooming-
dale's in New York developed
from a small shop on 59th Street
that kept growing and buying
up other shops on the block until
it finally grew into the giant store
it is today.
Bloomingdale's in Miami was
designed as a series of shops with
a perimeter pathway and two
major market streets that con-
verge at a central atrium which
serves as a point of transition
from horizontal to vertical move-
ment to any level in the store. It
was the owner's requirement
that for ease of interior planning,
the building be confined to three
floors, seven bays by eleven
bays of 32 square feet. Photos of North elevation of Bloomingdale's by Steven Brooke.







North Elevation

South Elevation

The Falls Mall, in which
Bloomingdale's is located, is a
one-story, wood-frame mall that
was already in existence at the
time the department store was
commissioned. The existence of
the mall and the placement of
Bloomingdale's between it and
a three-story parking garage
posed special problems for the
architect. The major site amen-
ity at the mall is a system of
waterfalls, pools and landscap-
ing that winds through the prop-
erty. In deference to the small
scale of the existing shops, the
new store's mass is reduced by
carefully proportioned project-
ing and receding one-story vol-
umes. Extensively landscaped
terraces and balconies further
relieve the elevations. Cascades
and pools were introduced at all
entries from the parking garage,
recalling the major watercourse
in the mall.
Anchoring the mall on its east
end, Bloomingdale's has 225,000
s.f. of usable space. The precast,
prestressed concrete frame uti-
lizes double-tee decking and cast-
in-place concrete slab on grade.
Spread footing foundations were

Photo this page and facing page by Dan Forer.


- - - -


0 7- 1

constructed on five feet of com-
pacted fill. The exterior walls
are composed of textured insula-
tion panels on metal studs. In-
teriors consist of gypsum wall
board partitions and soffits with
suspended acoustical ceilings.
One 400-ton roof-mounted di-
rect-coil penthouse unit provides
air conditioning with variable
volume boxes controlling air
quantity to individual spaces.
Glazed openings are minimized
and are protected by projecting
building masses. In the interest
of energy conservation in the hot
South Florida climate, the build-

First Floor Plan

ing's exterior walls are composed
of textured insulation panels to
form a highly insulated building
mass. Exterior surfaces are off-
white in color to reduce the in-
tensity of the bright sun. Mass-
ing of the exterior corners and
entry portals depends on the
sharp contrast of light and sha-
dow for definition. A centralized
three-story skylight atrium pro-
vides visual interest, a means of
orientation and vertical circula-
tion by means of escalators.

Diane D. Greer


at "



.. .. . ...
4",' 4'


Centrally situated elevator is point of transition between horizontal and vertic
Photos by Dan Forer.
A.j' '. tvy..
A .: -'. ': i. -:. ., -. -i--
.,_ r,.- -..- w. ..

Centrally situated elevator is point of transition between horizontal and vertic,
Photos by Dan Forer.


the store. Top right, kitchen shop and bottom, dining room.


A downtown terminal

that's city sculpture

Tri-County Transit
Downtown Passenger
Orlando, Florida

Architects: Architects Design
Group of Florida, Inc.
Project Designer: I.S.K.
Reeves, V, AIA
Structural Engineer: Don Moe
Engineering: G.R.G. Engi-
Landscape Architect: Herbert/
Halback, Inc.
Owner: Tri-County Transit

Architect Keith Reeves en-
oyed designing the Tri-
County Transit Downtown Pas-
senger Terminal in Orlando.
What evolved from a design
charette involving Transit Au-
thority representatives, consul-
tants, landscape architects and
architects from ADG, is "more
than a bus shelter," according to
Reeves. "It's a good piece of
During the design stage, the
project evolved to a logical con-
clusion as specific criteria were
dealt with. Aside from the obvi-
ous requirements of offering
protection from the elements for
waiting passengers, the termi-
nal offers a visual reprieve from
the predominantly vertical ele-
ments in downtown Orlando.
The facility is freespan so there
are no sitelines and it runs paral-
lel with the Interstate as it tra-
verses the downtown.
The passenger terminal is
protected by a large, basically
"column-free" roof. The covered
area protects passengers from
sun and rain, but also from pi-
geons, a significant health haz-
ard common to most downtown
environments, but seldom con-
sidered during the design of a
building. The solution to these
design criteria was a structural
system that occurs above the
roof and which consists of two

major steel pipe trusses span-
ning 208 feet and supported by
columns, clad in stainless steel,
at each end. The pipe trusses
ADG used created one of the
longest freespans in the United
States. Considered by the archi-
tect to be a "gutsy solution"
to the design problem, the
standards for pipe elements
used in the trusses are so new
in terms of stress, that they had
to use offshore oil rig technology
that has evolved from major
pipe elements used in similar
Large skylights, running par-
allel with the trusses, provide
natural light in the center of the
facility and eliminate dark areas
and reduce the need for artificial
lighting during daylight hours.
The complex includes an Ad-
ministrative/Dispatch building
with video, audio and electronic
monitoring of the terminal. In-
coming buses are electronically
registered on a console located in
the dispatcher's area. Status
lights indicate exactly which
buses are at their stations, a re-
quirement for "pulse-scheduling"
when all 20 buses simultaneously
enter the terminal, load and un-
load, then depart at the same
time. This process occurs twice
each hour.
The Administration Building
contains waiting rooms, lounge
and restroom facilities for driv-
ers and staff with separate rest-
room facilities for the general
public. An office, storage spaces
and an information office are ad-
ditionally contained in this area
with the information personnel
electronically controlling access
to the public restrooms.
The site in downtown Orlando
is relatively small for a terminal
with a 20-bus capacity. Large
paved areas have been softened
by the utilization of natural light


A -7-.

~ 4b~K

(skylights), differing paving ma-
terials and patterns such as con-
crete for buses and brick for pas-
sengers, and the utilization of
color. Yellow, recognized as hav-
ing the psychological ability to
make heavy items appear lighter,
is the predominant color. The
trusses, because of their size and
color, help to add some excite-
4"-ement to the relatively colorless
concrete and glass environment
S which surrounds the facility.
Diane D. Greer

A Adanuc Bank

'~.. ~-. j- Drawing courtesy of the archi-
,- tect, and photos byJ. Kevin
F I A I T y, H s.
.... ...M. -,-u 1

".... -..-- -.- Drawing courtesy of the archi-
& i----'. tect, and photos by J. Kevin
.,... -' Haas.


Downtown midrise captures upscale market

This page, top photo: A 13-foot pri-
vacy wall surrounds Reeves House,
allowing total privacy and security
for occupants. Photo by Bob Braun.
Lower photo shows the main en-
trance lobby with its updated art
deco theme. Photo by Britt Runion,
courtesy of Donna Kirby & Associ-
ates, Inc. Opposite page, an open
floor plan in the living/dining room
and irregular-shaped bedroom
suite in the Reeves House models
take advantage of a skyline view of
downtown Orlando. Photos by Bob
Braun, courtesy of Fugleberg Koch

Reeves House
Orlando, Florida

Architect: Fugleberg Koch
Structural Engineer: Allan &
General Contractor: Vector
Constructors, Inc.
Interior Designer: Donna Kirby
& Associates, Inc./Common
Areas; Berta Hall & Associates/
Model Units
Owner: Pilot Properties, Inc.

Deeves House is a new 40-unit
midrise condominium in Or-
lando's already overbuilt mar-
ket. Whether through innovative
design or skillful merchandising,
or both, Reeves House has sold
well. At a time when there are
seven or eight buyers per unit in
the $250,000 and up range, all
four Reeves House penthouses
sold at $335,000, as did 14 other
units ranging from $159,000 to
$224,000. The project's prime
location on Lake Eola, coupled
with a design solution that ac-
complished the developer's ob-
jective that all of the units have
a view of the Orlando skyline,
has been credited with a large
degree of the project's success.
The seven-story, concrete
frame building is situated on the
bias of a 9/10-acre site. To meet
the developer's requirements
for ample, secure underground
parking, the building sits side-
ways on top of the rectangular
parking garage. The building-
on-top-of-building approach al-
lows every unit in the building
to enjoy an unobstructed view
as well as affording safe under-
ground parking with remote-
controlled garage doors.
Because the developers be-
lieved there was a limited market
for luxury, multi-family housing
in downtown Orlando, the proj-
ect was kept small scale with 40
units ranging in size from 1,200
to 1,365 s.f. Living spaces were
designed with little or no wasted
space, hallways were kept to a


minimum and tall doors in living
and bedroom areas expand the
spaces visually.
In addition to extensive
amenities, there was abundant
attention to detail throughout
the project. There is state-of-
the-art fire protection and a
13-foot high privacy wall which
offers total security and privacy.
Exterior balconies punctuate
the gray stucco exterior walls
and add a touch of color. The total
project exudes an upscale, con-
temporary feeling consistent
with its location in the heart of
downtown Orlando.
"De" Schofield

The author is a freelance writer
specializing in architectural


f-,. -~--C

Towers billow in Broward

Broward Financial
Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Architect: The Nichols Partner-
ship, Inc.
Partner-in-Charge: James R.
Scott, AIA
General Contractor: Bob R.
Starnes Construction Co.
Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Lehr & Associates
Structural Engineer: Cagley,
Riva, Braaksma
Landscape Architect: Bruce
Howard & Associates
Interior Designer: Richard
Plummer Design
Owner: Bob R. Starnes
Development Group

A "smart building," in current
puter-operated brain that can
monitor and adjust the envir-
onment inside the building. The
computer can patrol the building
for afterhours security and can
even keep its eye on stairwells
and monitor lighting efficiency.
Broward Financial Centre,
covering an entire city block in
downtown Fort Lauderdale, is
an example of just such a build-
ing. Inside, a three-computer
brain monitors 280 thousand
square feet of office space. It
tracks and controls the "talking"
elevators that climb the 24-story
building and performs a variety
of functions.
Broward Financial Centre
was designed by the Nichols
Partnership of Coral Gables and
built at a cost of $25 million for
the Bob Starnes Development
Group. When viewed from Fed-
eral Highway toward the west,
the building silhouette is felt by
some to suggest the shape of a
ship. Its core, stepped back at
three different levels, rises like
a superstructure above the main
rlaok with nn4harnm onanare
gently rounded to buffer effects
of strong winds. There is a park-
ing garage on either side of the
core structure. These garages
provide parking on the second



Schematic courtesy of the architect.

through the sixth floors, while
the entire lower level is lined
with a curved blue canopy en-
couraging easy access to street
level retail establishments.
The architects used blue strip-
ing above the windows on each
floor. The stepped-back design
at the 10th, 13th and 19th floors
provides broad terraces rimmed
with railings in a manner remi-
niscent of the promenade deck of
a cruise ship.
Atop the building is one of the
few elements which seems, un-
deniably like a ship's motif. It is
the funnel-shaped elevator shaft
which rises from the building's
top deck and is enircled with

three broad, colored, steamship-
style bands.
There are two interesting ele-
ments about the construction of
the building which make it some-
what unique in Florida. First,
the glass curtain wall on the ex-
terior adheres directly to the
structure, eliminating the need
for vertical and horizontal mul-
lions. Second, its post-tensioned
concrete structure, which shaved
2% feet per floor from the tradi-
tional beamed skeleton, allows
eight foot, six inch ceilings com-
pared with the usual eight feet
in an eleven foot per story spac-
ing. With an overall savings of
50 feet on the building's height,
Broward Financial Centre is a
full 24 stories without the bulk
normally associated with a struc-
ture that size. The 23rd and 24th
floors are compact 4,500 s.f.
penthouse suites which rise be-
side the elevator shaft and cool-
ing system towers.



The structure has a total of
280,000 s.f. of office space on
floors seven through 24, and
36,000 s.f. of retail shops which
completely encircle the plaza
level. Rising above the shops, on
both north and south sides of the
tower, are five levels of parking,
with space for about 900 cars.
The parking garages are enclosed
with the same glass wall cover-
ing used on the main structure,
completely disguising their utili-
tarian nature.
Above the garages, the sev-
enth, eighth and ninth floors each
contain 24,000 s.f. The step-back
design then creates terraces for
the 10th floor, wrapping halfway
around the building, while re-
ducing interior space to 20,000
s.f. for this and the two stories
above. A 13th floor set-back pro-
duces more terraces, and 15,000
s.f. per floor, through the 18th
floor. This six-story rise is the
strongest vertical element in the
core structure. The uppermost
terrace loops around the 19th
floor where apartments have el
9,000 s.f. of interior space, as do
those on the three stories above.
The step-back design, succes- .
sively broadening floor space
from a minimum of 9,000 s.f. per
floor at the top to 24,000 s.f. on
lower levels offers prospective ,
tenants, who require relatively
modest space, an opportunity to
occupy their own floor in a down-
town building without biting the
bullet on excess footage.
A computer-controlled climate
system, coupled with the build-
ing's reflective skin, combines
high energy efficiency with a
sensitivity to human comfort
levels. Amenities include full-
service restaurants and a health
spa with whirlpool, sauna and
steam room, all on the first level.
In addition, the parking garage
contains a fully-enclosed car
wash system and in-house gas
pumps for the convenience of
building occupants.
Paulette Le Pelch
Paulette Le Pelch Photos of Broward Centre, street
The author is a partner in the level shops and elevator lobby
The author is a partner in the by Steven Brooke.
Miami-based firm of Cosgrave by Steven Brooke.
Le Pelch Partners, Inc.


E H Underlayment

U.L. Fire-Rated Systems
Sound Control
IE Lightweight
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gtribte6 -.
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Continued from page 12
In another action, ~h-ro io a
requirement that local govern-
ment not approve a DRI unless
the conditions of the develop-
ment order make adequate pro-
visions to mitigate the impacts
reasonably attributable to that
development. In general, I am
saying that growth is responsi-
ble for its fair share of the im-
pacts of growth and general
government is responsible for
the deficiencies that exist today
in our infrastructure systems.
Obviously, the dividing line is
not clear. Current residents are
certainly going to use the new
roads provided by growth. New
residents are going to utilize the
current roads that will be im-
proved by general government,
but I think the essence of the di-
vision of responsibility is what
has been intended by the Legis-
lature in passing these new laws.
ANSTIS: What is the DCA doing
to clear up the complex and often
conflicting requirements of vari-
ous codes that govern building
construction? Do you have any
proposals for consideration for
consolidation of codes?

LEWIS: This is a two-part issue.
The first relates to the number of
codes that are currently allowed
under Florida statutes. The sec-
ond relates to the issue of vary-
ing interpretation even when
there is only a single code. Sev-
eral months ago, I appointed a
Uniform Building Code Task
Force on which the FA/AIA is
represented. I charged this task
force with evaluating the ques-
tion of whether it was time for
Florida to pursue adoption of a
single uniform statewide build-
ing code. The results of that task
force's activities are being re-
viewed at the present time by the
1986 Legislature. Our objective
was, at a minimum, to obtain the
authority to pursue the develop-
ment of a single code. It was not
our intent to develop and propose
the specifics of such a single code
to this year's session. I personally
believe it is time for such consol-
idation and hope that we will be
successful during this session in
getting the authority to pursue
development and adoption of
such a statewide code over the
next year.
ANSTIS: Does DCA have any

proposals for consolidating en-
forcement authority into the
hands of well-trained and quali-
fication-certified agencies?
LEWIS: No, not at this time. My
priority issue related to codes is
the issue stated in the preceding
ANSTIS: How can the State of
Florida provide a mechanism for
bringing about more uniformity
of interpretation of the building
LEWIS: Whether we are talk-
ing about Florida's current code
structure of five codes, with lo-
cal governments free to choose
the one they want or a single
statewide building code at some
point in the future, the best ap-
proach to promoting uniformity
in code interpretations on a day-
to-day basis is through a compre-
hensive education and training
program. Such education and
training programs should be en-
couraged and, to the extent that
funding is available, sponsored
and conducted by the State. I
have asked that our staff look
into this matter for inclusion in
our next budget requests to the

Additionally, the Florida Board
of Building Codes and Standards,
at present, has authority to is-
sue advisory opinions regarding
interpretation of the State Min-
imum Building Codes. The De-
partment's Task Force on Uni-
form Building Codes is currently
considering a recommendation
that the Board be authorized to
promulgate official binding in-
terpretations that would be ap-
plicable statewide. I have also
asked staff to investigate the
need for and feasibility of estab-
lishing a state "hotline" to provide
rapid input and response to local
governments on code interpre-
tation issues.


Solid Oak

Hartco Acrylic Impregnated
Solid Oak Parquet costs a little
more than carpeting in the
beginning. But long after all
those footsteps have worn a
path and your client has paid
to have that carpeting re-
placed and replaced, Hartco is
still beautiful. This means it
is less expensive in the long
run perhaps the least ex-
pensive floor you can specify.
Tough acrylic and stain are
forced inside the wood for a
beautiful finish that resists
scratches and wear. Color
never wears off. Never needs
For further information call
or write
Jim Westman, V.P.
Walton Wholesale
7110 N.E. 4th Court
Miami, FL 33138
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In business for over 29 years.
Refer to Sweets No. 9.22/HAT.


Selecting the right lighting
is more than just
flipping a few switches.

Lighting is the "tool" for creating architCtIural\-
integrated luminous e m ironments.
In planning \cur lighting la\out, the space
must be analyzed in terms oA" desired
brightness, patterns.

\\'hich oblects or areas are to he
toi-cal points? And finishes ot the tloor, % alls, and ceilhn
mu".t be ,cns,dcrcd.
Our lighting o .uMiltant.1 mnill team%-up ith \ ou to re ic\\
the Jdecred efect, and then make recommendations that
\ll pro\ ide \our client \\ith illumination that \\ as
dc.signcd to till a specific need.
Like Lightoliers Manor series Crafted in sohd brass and
rich in die tradition and tlavor ot an English manor
\Ve stock Liiuhtolier and most other
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1850 N.E. 146 St., Miami, FL 33181
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," *i 1 ,:,',' Cl , l,,u,r,- i


Formwal Traffigard is a fiber-
glass reinforced gel coat system
designed for roofs, balconies and
decks. This waterproofing sys-
tem is designed to withstand pe-
destrian and light vehicle traffic
and a warranty of up to ten years
is available from the manufac-
turer. The product is normally
available in white, beige and
gray, but can be mixed to most
colors with a minumum order.
The system has an Underwriters
Laboratory's Class A rating. For
complete literature, contact:
Hitchins America, Inc., P.O.
Box 3449, Longwood, FL 32779.
Enduracolor Hardwood Floor-
ing has introduced Plank floors
to its line of colored wood floors.
Planks are 3, 5 and 7 inches wide
laminated oak and are available
in 12 pastel shades as well as
black and white. Finish is a tough
urethane coating designed for
long wear. Special coloring is
available at slight upcharging.
Contact: Enduracolor, 18460
N.E. 2nd Avenue, Miami, FL


I am researching the Florida
work (built & unbuilt) of Frank
Lloyd Wright and am interested
in related facts, recollections,
correspondence, drawings, pho-
tos, etc.
Please contact Randolph C.
Henning, AIA, 1675 NW 41 St.,
Oakland Park, FL 33309. (305)
491-7729/(305) 771-4900. Thank

Louis Knoop, South African
architect (age 42), seeks employ-
ment in the United States. Ex-
perience includes commercial
and residential. For resume,
contact my U.S. sponsor: Frits
Forrer, P.O. Box 24663, Tampa,
FL 33623 (813) 886-2220.

At H.J. Ross Associates, we take pride
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ing discipline including Civil, Trans-
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Coastal Zone Protection Act of 1985 mandates new design

and construction requirements

Under Florida's Coastal Zone
Protection Act of 1985, new
requirements are in place begin-
ning March 1, 1986 for construc-
tion within the Coastal Building
Zone. The Coastal Building Zone
is the land area extending from
the seasonal high water line land-
ward to a line 1,500 feet landward
from the coastal construction
control line as established pur-
suant to Section 161.053, Flor-
ida Statutes. For coastal areas
fronting on the Gulf of Mexico,
Atlantic Ocean, Florida Bay or
Strait of Florida not included in
Section 161.053, the Coastal
Building Zone extends to a line
3,000 feet landward from the
mean high water line.
Section 161.55(1), Florida Sta-
tutes, outlines the structural re-
quirements for major structures
which include houses, mobile
homes, permanent buildings,
condominiums, motels, hotels,
restaurants and other types of
residential, commercial or pub-
lic buildings. Such major struc-
tures must conform to the Stan-
dard Building Code and must be
designed and constructed to re-
sist the anticipated wave, hydro-
static and hydrodynamic loads
accompanying a 100 year storm
event period. Further, major
structures must be securely fas-
tened to their foundation and the
foundation adequately braced
and anchored in such a manner
to prevent flotation, collapse or
lateral displacement during a
100 year storm event. Design
wind load requirements man-
date that major structures be
designed and constructed to
withstand a wind velocity of no
less than 140 miles per hour up
to a height of 30 feet above the
average surrounding ground
level. Appropriate shape and
internal pressures must be con-
sidered in the design of such
structures. Major structures
must be elevated in such a man-
ner as to locate the Building Sup-
port Structure above the design
breaking wave crests or wave up-
rush as superimposed on a storm
surge of a 100 year storm. The

Building Support Structure is
defined as any structure which
supports floor, wall or column
loads and transmits such loads
to the foundation, and includes
beams, grade beams or joists
and the lowest horizontal struc-
tural member exclusive of piles,
columns or footings.
Foundation design and con-
struction of a major structure
shall consider all anticipated loads
resulting from a 100 year storm
event, including wave, hydro-
static, hydrodynamic and wind
loads acting simultaneously with
live and dead loads. Further, ero-
sion computation for foundation
design must account for all verti-
cal and lateral erosion and scour-
producing forces. Additionally,
foundation design and construc-
tion shall provide for adequate
bearing capacity, taking into con-
sideration the anticipated loss of
soil above the design grade.
No substantial walls or parti-
tions shall be constructed below
the level of the Building Support
Structure of a major structure.
This does not preclude stair-
ways, shearwalls perpendicular
to the shoreline, shearwalls par-
allel to the shoreline which are
limited to a maximum of 20% of
the building length, screens con-
structed of fiber or wire mesh,
wooden lattice work not greater
than 3/4 of an inch thick and 3
inches wide, elevator shafts,
breakaway walls or substantial
walls constructed above the
wave action and storm surge of
a 100 year storm event where
the Building Support Structure
is above the minimum permit-
table elevation.
These new requirements may
substantially affect design and
construction in Florida's coastal
Mark T. Reeves

The author is a registered archi-
tect and an attorney with the law
firm of Sparber, Shevin, Shapo,
Heilbronner & Book P.A. No-
thing herein should be construed
as the giving of legal advice or be
used as such.


FA/AIA Legislative and Governmental Issues and Positions

Professional Liability
In 1985, there was a strong
yet unsuccessful push to repeal
the Joint and Several Liability
Doctrine. This was part of an
overall effort to reform Florida's
tort law and consequently mini-
mize the amount of litigation and
place a reasonable cap on dam-
ages, thus reducing professional
liability rate increases.
Florida's joint and several lia-
bility doctrine seeks to protect
the individual who has a legiti-
mate claim for damages, but can
place an unfair burden on other
individuals simply because they
may happen to be financially re-
sponsible. Those with "deep
pockets" face substantial and in-
equitable liability if they have
large assets or insurance poli-
cies, regardless of their degree
of fault. The FA/AIA supports
legislation which would repeal
or modify the current Joint and
Several Liability Doctrine.
The Department of Insurance
has drafted legislation that may
help stabilize soaring profes-
sional liability insurance rates by
giving Insurance Commissioner
Bill Gunter new regulatory pow-
ers including the ability to over-
rule business liability insurance
rate hikes. The passage of that
bill, coupled with the repeal of
joint and several liability, would
do a great deal in leveling off the
spiraling cost of professional lia-
bility insurance.
One important proposal, HB
172, sponsored by Represen-
tative Sam Bell (D-Daytona
Beach), would abolish the legal
doctrine of joint and several lia-
bility. The bill provides that each
defendant is liable for damages
only to the extent that he is found
to be at fault.
This bill has the full support of
the FA/AIA.

Uniformity in
Building Codes
Following the 1985 Legisla-
tive Session, Governor Graham,
with support from Tom Lewis,
AIA, Secretary of the Depart-
ment of Community Affairs, ap-
pointed a special task force to

study the problem of the multi-
plicity of codes and standards
which affect the building indus-
try in Florida. With the help of
two FA/AIA members who were
appointed to the task force, we
hope to emphasize the following
benefits of a uniform code:
a consistent enforcement and
interpretation of codes;
streamlining of the permitting
elimination of unnecessary, re-
strictive regulations and a reduc-
tion of costs that can result when
individual jurisdiction, within a
state, impose different standards;
and significant cost savings to
manufacturers throughout the
state with the ushering in of con-
sistent requirements.
Secretary Lewis is seeking
changes in Florida's Construction
Code as an integral part of help-
ing to make the growth manage-
ment efforts successful. Many
elements of the growth manage-
ment legislation, which passed
last session, is being dealt with
by his agency. The FA/AIA is a
proponent of this legislation.

Threshold Buildings
The threshold building law, en-
acted in 1983 as a result of the
Harbor Cay collapse, proved to
be a nightmare for local govern-
ments and the construction in-
dustry. Accordingly, in 1984,
Senator John Vogt and Repre-
sentative James Ward undertook
responsibility for rewriting this
law to better accomplish the Leg-
islature's intentions.
There is still concern regarding
provisions relating to shoring and
reshoring and special inspectors.
Pursuant to those concerns, the
FA/AIA has endorsed recom-
mendations brought forth by its
Codes and Standards Committee.
Liability in the permitting pro-
cess already lies with the archi-
tect and/or the engineer of rec-
ord. Simplification is required
so that this responsibility and
liability remain solely with the
architect and/or the engineer of
The FA/AIA recommends that
only the certified architect and/or

engineer of record, or their rep-
resentatives, be the special in-
spector, and should still require
a separate contract with the
owner. All shoring and reshor-
ing design and documentation
should be prepared by the engi-
neer of record as part of the con-
tract documents.

New legislation should be de-
veloped to provide construction
administration (inspection ob-
servation) on all work/construc-
tion requiring an architect and/
or an engineer of record. The
FA/AIA endorses the Depart-
ment of Professional Regulation
as the licensing entity and would
like to see the agency charged
with day to day consumer advo-
cacy protection, whereas the
State Boards of Architecture and
Engineering would provide the
mechanism to implement peer
review for level of competency
and adequacy of construction

Workers Compensation
The FA/AIA is seeking legis-
lative relief under the workers
compensation law to exempt de-
sign professionals from liability
in cases where a construction
worker is injured as a result of
an employer's failure to comply
with safety standards.
House Bill 717 was recently
filed by Representative Winston
"Bud" Gardner (D-Titusville), at
the request of the FA/AIA. The
bill will preclude injured work-
ers from filing third party suits
against architects or engineers
on the basis that the architect or
engineer had a duty to protect
the injured worker on the job
site. A companion measure will
be filed in the Senate.
This piece of proposed legis-
lation is an effort to give some
relief in the area of professional
liability and contractors are al-
ready exempt from liability when
an employee is injured on the job
and files a workers compensa-
tion claim. Design professionals
are not responsible under ordi-
nary circumstances for safety
measures on construction sites,

but end up being the target of
third party suits. The FA/AIA
feels design professionals should
be immune from suits along with

Sales Tax Exemptions
A House Finance and Taxa-
tion Subcommittee has approved
legislation which would repeal
sales tax exemptions for profes-
sional services. Professional
services include architectural
design fees; engineering fees;
legal fees; and a list of services
that if the sales tax exemptions
were removed, would bring about
an estimated additional $1.2 bil-
lion to the State of Florida.
If the sales tax exemption on
professional services is repealed,
architects would be required to
collect and report sales tax on all
design services. They would also
be required to pay sales tax on
engineering fees and any other
professional service they may
As it is now written, the bill
would call for the sunset of sales
tax exemptions on professional
service fees July 1, 1987. The
FA/AIA stands opposed to this
measure because it would seek
to bring in additional tax reve-
nues from a relatively narrowly
defined group of taxpayers. It
would also add significantly to
the cost of construction and would
pose a burden of increasing over-
head costs to architectural firms
which may prove to be difficult
to recover from clients.

Asbestos Abatement
A bill filed this year in the
House Governmental Operations
Committee, would create a study
commission, charged with re-
porting methods to neutralize
the asbestos threat in state build-
ings. The commission would
have to report back by March 1,
The committee will be com-
prised of eight state government
representatives, along with four
appointees from industries in-
volved in asbestos removal. The
FA/AIA advocates that one of
the four be an architect. The


committee will be responsible
for surveying all state buildings
and recommending which ones
need asbestos removed and
which could have the asbestos
The committee will also rec-
ommend ways of monitoring state
employees for development of
respiratory ailments related to
asbestos exposure. The FA/AIA
will encourage the Legislature to
address the problems and liabil-
ities which will confront archi-
tects and engineers if they are
held responsible for asbestos

Professional Licensing
of Others
A bill filed in the House would
define a "residential designer"
and exempt them from regula-
tion under the construction con-
tracting law. The term "resi-
dential designer" is defined in
the bill as "persons whose ser-
vices are limited to planning,
preliminary study design, and
working drawings and specifica-
tions for 1-family or 2-family res-
idences, townhouses and domes-
tic outbuildings related to small
residences, farm buildings, and
small buildings costing less thar
The FA/AIA position is that
this definition is unnecessary
and if approved could expand the
regulation of design into areas of
the construction industry where
none exists. If the legislature
feels that expansion of regula-
tory enforcement is needed in
the design of family residences
and farm buildings, the mecha-
nism and authority is available
to provide this through the Ar-
chitectural Practice Act, F.S.
Chapter 481.
There has been discussion
over the years regarding possi-
bilities for regulating the inter-
ior design profession under a
state Board of Examiners of
Interior Designers. As you re-
call, during the 1985 session, a
lobbyist was hired to initiate
such legislation which failed to
pass the Legislature. A similar

attempt at that legislation will architects. If an interior designer

most likely occur this session.
The FA/AIA opposes any leg-
islation which would call for the
licensure of interior designers on
the basis if it in any way dilutes
the responsibilities called for in
the Architectural Practice Act.
Design specifications of building
interiors are made by registered

wishes to make such specifica-
tions, licensure as an architect
under the provisions of F.S. 481
must be achieved. The Archi-
tectural Practice Act sets forth
the educational, experience and
testing criteria for design pro-
fessionals to follow in order to
become licensed by the state to

protect the health, safety and
welfare of the public in the build-
ing process. It is the FA/AIA's
position that this protection of the
public should not be diluted in any




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prints of articles that have appeared in Florida Ar-
chitect over the past five years are available for use
in mailings and presentations. These custom promotion
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