Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 AIA officers 1974
 Small office practice series: How...
 University of Florida student...
 The bugaboo of style
 One practitioners view of the management...
 Back Cover


Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00213
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: May 1974
Frequency: quarterly
Subjects / Keywords: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
System ID: UF00073793:00213
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
    AIA officers 1974
        Page 4
    Small office practice series: How to make a final payment
        Page 5
        Page 6
    University of Florida student project
        Page 7
    The bugaboo of style
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
    One practitioners view of the management of our profession
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Back Cover
        Page 19
        Page 20
Full Text

W A A Flo

This- publication- is. copyrighted. by- the- Florida.
Association. of. the. American. Institute. of-
Architects- and- is- an- official- journal- of- the-

Limited permission to. digitize- and make this- electronic-
version available- has- been- granted- by the. Association-
to- the- University- of- Florida- on- behalf- of- the- State-
Uni versity- System* of F lorida.

Use- of- this- version- is- restricted- by. United- States-
Copyright- legislation- and- its- fair use- provisions.- Other-
uses- may- be- a vi olati on -of- copyright- protect ons.

Requests- for- permissions- should- be- directed to- the-
Florida- Association- of. the. American- Institute. of-
Architects.- Contact- information- is- available- at- the-
Association' sweb site.

6 The Florida Architect

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The Florida Architect
Volume 24 Number 3 May/June 1974


Small Office Practice Series
How To Make A Final Payment
H. Samuel Kruse, FAIA

University Of Florida Student Project


Frank R. Mudano, AIA, President
1189 N. E. Cleveland Street
Clearwater, Florida 33515
(813) 446-1041

James E. Ferguson, Jr., AIA, Vice President
President Designate
2901 Ponce de Leon Boulevard
Coral Gables, Florida 33134
(305) 443-7758

Nils M. Schweizer, FAIA, Secretary
P.O. Box 1120
Winter Park, Florida 32789
(305) 647-0545
Arthur A. Frimet, AIA, Treasurer
208 South 28th Avenue
Hollywood, Florida 33020
(305) 981-0545
Thor Amlie
James Anstis
John M. Barley, II
Howard Bochiardy
William Brainard
Ellis Bullock
Bill G. Eppes
Robert G. Graf
Mays Leroy Gray
Robert B. Greenbaum
James A. Greene
F. Jack Harden
Thurston Hatcher
Al G. Kemmerer
Robert H. Levison, FAIA
Steven C. Little
Bryon G. Mclntyre
Robert A. Morris, Jr.
Roger Pierce
Henry A. Riccio
Roy L. Ricks
William L. Rivers
George L. Rumpel
Craig H. Salley
Nils M. Schweizer, FAIA
Donald I. Singer
Frank F. Smith
Francis R. Walton, FAIA

The Bugaboo Of Style

One Practitioners View Of The
Management Of Our Profession
James E. Garland, AIA


American Institute of Architects
H. Leslie Walker
1000 N. Ashley Street, Suite 806
Tampa, Florida 33602
(813) 229-0381
Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
Fotis N. Karousatos
7100 N. Kendall Drive
Miami, Florida 33156
(305) 661-8947
(Branch Office)
Mike Huey
1020 E. Lafayette St.
Tallahassee, Florida 32301
(904) 878-3158
Frank Sheehy, Chairman
Lyle Fugelberg
Isaac Keith Reeves
Fotis N. Karousatos/Editor
John W. Totty/Assistant Editor
Kurt Waldman/Photography

THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT, Official Journal of the Florida Associa-
tion of the American Institute of Architects, Inc., is owned and pub-
lished by the Association, a Florida Corporation not for profit. It is
published bi-monthly at the Executive Office of the Association, 7100
N. Kendall Drive, Miami, Florida 33156. Telephone (305) 661-8947.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of the
Editor of the Florida Association of the AIA. Eltorial material may
be reprinted provided full credit is given to the author and to
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT and copy is sent to publisher's office.
Single Copies, 75 cents, subscription, $6.50 per year.

F/A 3

The American Institute of Architects
elected Louis de Moll, FAIA, of
Philadelphia to the office of first vice
president and president-elect, by
acclamation. The election was held during
the AIA's 106th national convention.

William Marshall, Jr., FAIA, of Norfolk,
Virginia, who will succeed to the
presidency of the Institute in December,
was elected during the 1973 AIA
convention in San Francisco. De Moll will
succeed Marshall in the office in
December, 1975.

The AIA also elected a secretary, Hilliard
T. Smith, Jr., FAIA, of Lake Worth,
Florida, and three vice presidents: Elmer
Botsai, FAIA, of San Francisco; Carl L.
Bradley, FAIA, of Fort Wayne, Indiana,
and John M. McGinty, of Houston.

De Moll is board chairman of Ballinger,
Architects and Engineers, in Philadelphia.
He has served as vice president of the
Institute in 1972 and 1973; is currently
chairman of the AIA Commission on
Institute Affairs, and has chaired the
Institute's Task Forces on Structure,
Commissions, and Future Conventions.
He was also chairman of the 1973
Convention Committee and of the
national AIA Committee on Architecture
for Commerce and Industry.

He was a member of numerous other
national AIA committees and task forces
and is a past president of the Philadelphia

Hilliard Smith, who has been serving as
the Institute's secretary since 1972, was
re-elected to a second two-year term. He
is a former regional director of the AIA,
and a past president of the Florida
Association AIA. He has served on many
committees and task forces at the

national, state, and chapter levels, and is
currently a member of the national Labor
Liaison and Advertising Task Forces.

Elmer Botsai is a partner in the San
Francisco firm of Botsai, Overstreet
Associates. He has served as treasurer of
the Institute and of the AIA Foundation,
chairman of the national Finance and
Dues Structure Committees, and member
of numerous national committees. He has
been active in various groups concerned
with the formulation and modification of
building codes and regulations. Active in
Institute affairs at the local and state,
level, he has been a director of the
California Council, AIA, and president of
the Northern California Chapter.

Carl Bradley is vice president of
Archonics Corporation, a firm with
offices in Fort Wayne and Terre Haute.
He is a former regional director of the
Institute, and has served as chairman of
its Commission Professional Practice and
of Production Systems for Architects and
Engineers. He has lectured on practice
management at numerous universities and
at meetings of professional groups.

John McGinty, a principal of The
McGinty Partnership in Houston, is
currently a vice president of the Institute.
He has been appointed by the AIA
president to coordinate the work of
various Institute. groups charged with
implementation of the 1975 national
convention. He has taught design at the
University of Houston and Rice
University; has served on numerous
Houston Chapter and Texas Society of
Architects committees, and is a past
president of the Houston Chapter. He was
a member of the AIA delegation to the
USSR in 1973, and in 1967-68 was a
White House Fellow and assistant to then
- Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall.


Pictured are newly elected national officers of The American Institue of
Architects who will begin 1 year terms in December, 1974. Left to
Right, Hilliard T. Smith Jr., FAIA, of Lake Worth, Florida (Secretary),
Elmer E. Botsai, FAIA, of San Francisco, California, John M. McGinty
of Houston, Texas, Carl L. Bradely, FAIA, of Fort Wayne, Indiana
(Vice-President), and Louis de Moll, FAIA of Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania (First Vice-President and President elect).

& .C~i


It has become increasingly important thatL
final payment to a contractor for a"
building project be made in such a
manner that the project is free and
unencumbered for a clean title. The costs
involved in the delay of closing a
mortgage are increasing every year and
coupled with the exponential rise in
building costs, make time of the essence:
time for completion of the construction
and time for closing the mortgage

For these reasons, the architect's role in
the administration of construction
projects has a dual function; to assure the
client (1) that the physical development
of the project reflects the intent of the
building contract and (2) that payments
are made properly, especially final
payment. This paper will describe the
steps in the procedure, the alternatives
and the implications of the architect's
participation in the final payment for a
construction project.

It must first be assumed that the architect
has administered the construction
contract in strict compliance with
Chapter 84 (Mechanics Lien Law) of the
Florida Statutes. At the beginning of the
project the Owner, or the architect as his
agent, has filed a Notice of
Commencement with the County Clerk
and has posted it on the project site. In
response to this notice and during the
course of the construction of the project,
the Owner, and the architect if he has
been named as a recipient on the Notice
of Commencement, will receive Notice to
Owner from persons or firms (not in
privity to the Owner) furnishing materials
or services for the building project,
placing the Owner on notice that, should
they not receive payment for their work
on the project, they will place liens on
the Owner's property. Although these
notices do not constitute liens, they do
place lienors in privity with the Owner
and set priority privileges. Laborers and
persons and firms having contracts
directly with the Owner are not required
to serve notice as a prerequisite to
recording claims of lien on the Owner's
property. However, except laborers, the
Owner is under no obligation to pay to
any person not in privity with him from
whom he has not received a notice.
Laborers and those who have served
Notice to Owner have the priority for
payments by the Owner, or the court,
should the claim for payment have to be
determined by the courts. This priority
also holds if the Owner requires the
contractor to furnish a payment bond
which exempts the Owner from many
provisions of the lien law. Claims of lien
must be recorded in the country clerk's
office any time during the progress of the

F/A 4








work, but not later than 90 days after
final furnishing of labor or services or
materials by the lienor, and action to
enforce the lien must be taken in a court
of proper jurisdiction within one year,
otherwise the lien is not valid and is not

Knowing his client's, Owner's obligations
under the lien law, the architect is obliged
to authorize payments in such a way to
assure the smooth and complete
conclusion of the construction function,
that the Owner may conclude his
financial arrangement without delays, and
that the building can be promptly used as
intended. Even when the Owner has
required the contractor to obtain a
payment bond which relieves the Owner
of many obligations and assures an
eventual resolution of claims and
conflicts, the architect's actions prior to
the final payment can pave the way to a
pleasant as well as an assured conclusion
of the construction project.

The architect's first step starts with the
next to the last payment or second to the
last if necessary. The lien law provides
that the Owner retain the last payment

due or 10 percent of the original contract
price, whichever is larger, until the
contractor has shown that all outstanding
accounts are paid. The architect, for this
reason, must be alert that at least 10
percent of the original contract price is
the amount of the last payment. He
might have to temper the last three
payments to obtain this residual or, as
most frequently done, retain 10 per cent
of all payments.

When the final payment to the contractor
is due, the contractor is required to give
the Owner an affidavit giving an
accounting of all lienors, that they have
been paid in full or otherwise and the
amounts paid and not paid. The Owner,
and the architect as his agent, has the
right to rely on the contractor's affidavit
in making final payments, unless there are
* lienors who have given notice who are not
listed on the affidavit. If there are missing
lienors on the contractor's affidavit, then
there are three options open to the
(1) Make no payment to the contractor
until waivers of lien have been obtained
from the known lienors missing form the
contractor's affidavit.

(2) Pay the unlisted lienors with the
written consent of the contractor.

(3) Give the contractor 10 days written
notice of his intention to pay the lienors
and the amount he intends to pay, which
sums will, of course, be deducted from
the amounts due the contractor.

The complications of payments can be
avoided by the architect if he will give the
contractor in advance of the final
payment a list of the lienors who have
given notice and request that the list be
matched with releases of lien of waivers
of lien, and duplicates of the signed
payrolls of the last 90 days of
construction. With these submitted with
the contractor's affidavit, the Owner is
assured that he is making no improper
payment and the contractor's affidavit
cannot be a burden to the Owner. Neither
can the Owner nor the surety,

H. Samuel Krus6, FAIA


underwriting the payment bond, if any,
claim dereliction on the part of the

Should a lien be recorded against the
Owner's property which is part of a
dispute as to the validity of the lienor's
claim, then the lien can be removed using
of three options:

(1) Wait until the year has expired during
which action must be taken in the courts,
or force action in the courts with Owner's
Notice of Contest of lien sent to the
lienor and filed in the clerk's office. (If
lienor does not respond in 60 days, the
lien is extinguished automatically.)

(2) The Owner can file in the Clerk's
office, a bond or deposit money equal to
the amount demanded in the claim of
lien, plus 6 per cent interest for three
years, plus 100 dollars to apply on any
court costs which might be incurred.

(3) The Owner could satisfy the claim,
valid or not, because it is small and the
implications of delay and cloud on the
property more costly to the Owner.

Many times the architect is partially
responsible for disputes causing
materialmen and subcontractors to resort
to claims of lien. If an architect withholds
payment from a contractor because of
workmanship not of the specified
excellence, and the contractor also
refuses payment to the subcontractor
involved for the same reason, a dispute
must be resolved. If it is not resolved, at
the time of final payment, there will be
an unpaid subcontractor ready to exercise
his lien rights to protect his interests. It is
best to resolve these well in advance of
final payment. If the architect provides
the leadership in resolving the
controversy, rather than solidifying
positions, better relations and, probably
betterperformance will result.

One important aspect to final payments,
and especially reliable final payments
satisfactory to all, must be mentioned -
the architect's final payment follows! *

F/A 5

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F/A 6


Al Cordova of Tampa is learning
architecture through the seat of his pants
and building a reputation at the same

Sweat, patience, know-how, cardboard,
glue and balsa wood were turned into a
$100 prize-winning design and another
rung in the ladder of an architectural

Cordova designed a soon-to-be-built
Visitor's Center near Interstate 75 as part
of his senior design class at the University
of Florida.

"I tried to make the building as clean and
uncluttered as possible so the people
would want to use it. It is open so the
visitors can see into the building and
know what they are getting," Cordova

The soundness of the design and general
concepts of the model accomplished
those goals that is the opinion of the
panel of eight architects judging
Cordova's best of the 33 projects in his
class. All the students were given the
same requirements design a visitor's
center which could be built near
Interstate 75 west of Gainesville for
$15,000 with much of the labor donated.

Cordova said "real problems," like
designing the visitor's center, helps a
student become more competent than
those who work strictly with theoretical

"The real problems make for a better
understanding of architecture. I would
have thought many of the problems
thrown in theoretical design projects
couldn't be for real, but they are. In fact,
the real ones are often worse," Cordova

"I ran into overhanging power lines,
competitiono" from existing buildings,
access and traffic patterns I would not
have believed if this had not been a real

"You can't really teach advanced design,
you have to learn by doing it and having
it critiqued. It gives you a chance to test
innovative ways to cope with the
problems," he said.

The 28-year-old senior plans to enter
graduate school after he receives his
bachelors degree in June. If he is
successful, the Tampa Bay area's real
problems will be a day-to-day activity.

A graduate design studio is working with
the Tampa Bay Regional Planning
Council to organize a comprehensive
developmental plan for the five-county
area. "I hope to work with the studio. It
will be great experience when I go back
to Tampa as an architect," he said.

At the rate he is going, Al Cordova will be
an architect with a reputation by the time
he graduates. u

F/A 7

The twentieth century may very possibly
go down in history as the Age of Labels.
For some reason, perhaps having to do
with the peculiarly twentieth century
phenomenon of grand-scale advertising,
we feel more comfortable with ideas and
things if we can put a label on them. The
labels do not have to be particularly
accurate either. Just short and easy to
remember. Thus, we have such
phenomena as "Early American" TV sets,
"French Provincial" split-levels, and
"Colonial" gasoline stations. Surely, the
incongruity of such labeling must be
apparent to the most casual observer who
thinks at all about his surroundings. What
in the world is the purpose of it all?
There are some indications that this is a
phenomenon of the last hundred years or
so. Prior to that, architects and landscape
gardeners, city planners and cabinet
makers tried very hard to each do their
own thing in the very best way they
could, using the stylistic vernacular of
their particular time.

No Demand

The furniture makers of the Baroque and
Rococo periods, perhaps the most
individualistic in history up to that time,
would not have dreamed of equipping
their villas and castles with an earlier
historic style, say Egyptian, or
Romanesque. For one thing, there was no
demand for it. Their clients, who were
mainly the aristocracy and wealthy
merchants of the time, wanted only the
very latest designs and were not in the*
least interested in anything old-fashioned.
Certainly, they used designs based on
classical motifs, but the uses to which
these motifs were put were entirely
inventive and contemporary. How times
have changed.

The problem of style particularly
compounds the difficulties facing the
owner interested in restoring a very old
property, say 100 years old or more.
Here, the number one problem is to
execute the new construction in the same
manner as it would have been done when
the building was originally built. Unlike
those of our own era, the moldings and
doors, fire-places, wall finishes and
hardware of these older houses must
usually be selected from a fairly narrow
range of designs which were in common
usage in that place and time. And this is
where our habit of labeling gets us in
trouble. Most of the millwork and
hardware and other items offered on the
market today as "colonial" or "French
provincial" or whatever are simply not
going to be appropriate in these older
houses. It takes a lot of shopping and
custom-making to really do the job right.

Little Connection

If you will check the For Sale Houses
columns of the Sunday paper, you will
see houses of every stylistic description.
"French Provincial," "Ranch Style,"
"Colonial" are popular appellations. If
you then get in your car and drive out to
see the houses thus advertised, you will
find precious little connection between
the label used and the house it is used on.
One dealer's "French Provincial" looks
more "Ranch Style" than another
advertised as such. In truth, most of them
will look pretty much alike; one story,
steep roof with a break at the eaves,
shuttered aluminium windows, across the
front and a "Colonial" entrance, a style
all too familiar to Louisiana, since we see
it in all our best (and worst) subdivisions.
One wonders if, perhaps, we have not in
fact created our own indigenous style,
something which might be called Bayou
Blighted. If, then, we are going to turn
back on erstaz Spanish and Provincial and
Colonial, what can we cleave to as an
acceptable stylistic style? I would suggest
something which might be called "good"
Good architecture is architectural design
that does not depend on the trappings of
fake styles for acceptance. It is an
architecture which serves a purpose. It is
designed to meet the living needs of a
particular family on a particular piece of
property in a particular region or area, for
a particular budget. As such it cannot
possibly look exactly like another house
designed for totally different people, with
differing requirements of family,
property, local and budget, now can it?

Technologically Sound

Good architecture is technologically
sound. That is to say it is built of
materials and using construction
techniques which are most practical,
efficient, and economical for the job. The
little cosmetic touches which spell
"style" to today's builders largely do not
fit this definition. There is no practical
reason for building a colonial cupola
unless that is the most practical way to
ventilate the roof (most of them do not)
or unless you seriously intend to raise
pigeons. Shutters are not a bad idea in
our climate, but for heaven's sake, let
them be operative.

The last, and certainly the most
important, requirement of good
architecture is that it look good. It is
relatively easy to design houses that will
function well and that are structurally
correct. But to mold all that into a
structure that is well proportioned, in
harmony with its site and its neighbors
and interesting to the eye is very difficult,
indeed. The design of good architecture is
an art, and it is this art that separates the
real from the spurious, the well-designed
house from the run-of-the-mill. I suppose
this is the real reason for our reliance on
labels and tack-on stylistic ornaments.
These are what we substitute in the
market for art. Real art costs too much
and is too difficult to achieve, so we kid
ourselves into thinking that, it we can
only select the right label that in itself
will be sufficient.

But, it is not architecture.

The Bugaboo of Style

F/A 8

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8 of tfief.
glass b(oidings. ;. -:
Its skinis nearly all
Yet the press has tb.~e
it as "...the. mot energy-
efficient building i:D DaiHla."'
This is not in spite of
being glass, but because it is
PPG Solarban 480 Twindow
insulating glass.
In planning this building
the design team saw (as you
can see on the chart) that
about 50% of the energy
would go to light it.
Another 14% to run the
fans, elevators and various
office machines.
About 7% to heat it.
Ia And because it's Dallas,

Cooling 29%

Heating 7/<

Equipment 149,%

Lighting 50%1


S Twindow reflective insulating
'- gs has a shading coeffi-
S'qient of 0.22.
This reduces solar heat
gain by 78% compared to
: Single laed,9ear glass.
And th1 double glazing .
drastically reduces the con-
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through tie skin of the '
buiding .
The innovative, air-air
mechanical system saves.
both energy and money.
It reclaims heat from the
lighting and large interior
a ,p f~ ei meter heating when
.. jdhe simplicity of its
hiio ves even more
-iAthe Herman Blum
".C~rtjng Engineers put it:
'If94ii6 going to use an
Wi 'Stem in a high-rise
Sit i. you've almost got
f *- i h high-perform-
gibnratln. f
9,hglae "isth
there is a flurry'- '
fBI.ass invective.

,r:" ; '5:


People would have you
think that less glass used
means more energy saved.
Not necessarily so.
It's really a question of
quality, not quantity.
And buildings likethe
First International Building
prove it.
'Our graph illustrates one
irmiotant point to keep in
mind with "allgass"
A building that's 70%
Solarban 480Twindow
insulating glass (and that's
70% vision glass we're .
talking about) is more energy.
efficient than the sanme *
building using cramped liW t
clear glass windows toting
only 20o vision area ( ~ -:
that's an 80% opaq u, )-.

If a glass wall cai~S
instead of an opaque w it'
obviously better.
It's transparent.
SExperienced owner
ee that tenants find a
building much more desirable
(^n they can see the out-
si from the inside. And
certainly an important mea-.

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t iS ucess of any
n 'i the effect it has
the satisfaction of its
4 -- ifqhahts
Sa '-; Economically, estheti-
I Call, psychologically-no
Smatter how you look at it-
glass is a building material of
remarkable potential.
Single Clear Glass Especially in conserving
energy. An important point
to remember.
# PPG High Performance
Glasses come in a wide
'range of performance values
a to suit your building's
economic and esthetic
Solarbronze Write PPG Industries,
TwindOwl Units Inc., One Gateway Center,
Pittsburgh, Pa. 15222.
The First International Building. Dallas.
Owner First National Bank in
Architects Harw
Soiarban 48020(2) E
Twindow' Units

0 60 80
ent of exterior v\all area

-.: iiq;


Our Florida State Board of Architecture
is a child of the Florida Legislature. It
was created by Chapter 467 Florida
Statute 1915. The only reason to justify
the creation of a registration or licensing
board (any of the 27 boards in Florida,
including medicine, engineering, etc.) is
to have a means of better guaranteeing
the health, welfare and safety of the
citizens of the state not to "protect the
status quo" of an established interest
group. The five members that constitute
the Florida State Board of Architecture
are appointed by the governor and their
terms are staggered. There are provisions
for minimum qualifications contained in
the Statute.

This Board maintains offices in
Tallahassee, Florida, at 315 South
Calhoun Street, telephone 904-488-6685.
The Executive Secretary, Herbert Coon,
Jr., is an architect. This is very important
in terms.of the nuances of his duties.
Since the Board's function is to "see to
the protection of the citizens", its
priorities are to (A) monitor the
education and experience of individual
architects ... (B) monitor the proper
practice of the profession. Everything the
Board does is directly related to some
facet of (A) and/or (B) except for the
general category known as

The Board's activities are now organized
into truly efficient routines; efficient for
government that is. The reason I say "for
government" is that typical practitioners
just can't comprehend the complexity of
accomplishing apparently simple tasks in
a hurry. Laws, budgets, government
processes just don't acknowledge civilian
problems such as cost of delay or
impatience of clients, etc. The point here
is that impatience on whose part? The
lack of apparent action on the Board's
part does not necessarily mean
inefficiency on the Board's part.

Service by a Board Member requires two
commitments; first, to be available to the
profession for explaining, expediting and
participating in all meetings. Continuity
and unemotional consistency are very
important. There are many otherwise

James E. Garland, AIA, Chairman of the Board of Connell Associates
and a partner in Connell, Pierce, Garland, Friedman, Miami,-is in his
sixth year of service on the Florida State Board of Architecture. For
the last ten years he has served the FAAIA on various commissions
and committees concerning the education of student architects. Jim
is a native Florida son born and reared in Polk County. He is a graduate
of Lakeland High School, The University of Florida in Architecture and
James E. Garland, AIA The University of Miami with a Masters in Education.

One Practitioners View of the
Management of Our Profession
really good professionals who just don't diligently what the laws of Florida
manage to always be in their chairs with require, takes the services of the
their minds on the problem at hand. You Executive Director and three full-time
say unreasonable to ask? I say ... workers. Total budget (which must be
maybe but Archie Parrish gave that submitted through the State budget
kind of service for over 18 years. Harry process) is $146,000.00 per year. This
Burns has done it for 12 years. A board surplus difference has been accumulating
member's second commitment is to apply in a trust fund managed by the State
compassionate common sense to the Trust Officer.
deliberation. The function of the Board is
to upgrade, monitor, lead, watch and The FSBA cannot touch the money in
encourage; not to chop, cut, stomp or this fund, except by approved budget
bellow! amendment by the budget commission,
even though all funds in it constitute
The Florida State Board of Architecture residual from registration money paid by
(FSBA) is supported entirely from the architects in our State. Policy of
registration fees paid by Architects. There FSBA is to hold this trust fund at one
is absolutely no tax money (from other year's budget ($146,000). Should it get
than architects) that is in any way used larger, the registration fees would be
by this Board. The Board rents its office reduced the following year. There is no
space, pays its help, pays all operating rational of "making money or empire
expense and pays actual travel expense building of any kind" as a result of the
plus regular state rate per diem to its registration process. On the other hand if
members. In addition, members draw we had no trust, and if the FSBA should
$20.00 per day salary for the days they run out of money, there would be no
are in official meetings. legal way to get any and we should be
forced to terminate our personnel thus
There are 1868 architects registered in abrogating our legal responsibilities.
Florida who live in Florida. There are Therefore, caution must be our by-word.
2051 architects registered in Florida who
reside in one of the other 49 states or 6 By the state constitution (actually by
territories. There may be one or two omission from the Federal constitution)
architects registered in Florida who reside and historically by States rights, the
outside of our country. Registration is governors and State governments are
$25.00 per year. In addition, if an responsible for the health, welfare and
architect practices as a legal entity other safety of the people of the State. This
than as an individual (partnership or responsibility passes down to the State
corporation), this practicing entity must Boards, but cannot be abrogated in favor
likewise be certified by the FSBA. of a national directive. So any and all
Certification fee is $75.00. The reason for activities or regulative policies of a
the fee is the ligh legal cost to the FSBA national group become consenting as far
for cautiously and completely checking as individual states are concerned. In the
the details of this entity. face of this, the compelling need for
reasonable uniformity led to loose
For instance, our citizens must be able to consenting conferences which in turn
sue this foreign entity in court for led to a national council forum, and,
damage without undue complications. We finally, to the formation of the National
must be able to assure the citizens of our Council of Architectural Registration
state that they have been protected to the Boards (NCARB).
extent of the law.
As capable architects through the years
All these fees add up to about applied their sense of organization and
$120,000.00 per year.The exam process lqgical design to the development of this
(in and out) amounts to another National Council, the NCARB first took
$30,000/year. The cost of operating the on the job of writing and directing a
services, maintaining records, doing national examination. Then a national file

F/A 12

of architects who applied to have their
professional dossier prepared suggested
the necessity of models for individual
State Law designs ... and so into the
present. Now NCARB maintains dossiers
called Blue Covers on 15,000 certificate
holding architects. National offices are at
the Octagon (the A.I.A. Headquarters in
Washington). The Staff numbers 20. The
Evaluation of the records of individual
architects is made by Sam Balen, A.I.A.
Executive Secretary is Hayden Mims.
There is a board of directors? officers, and
many committees who each year address
themselves to various problems of
practice as these problems are identified
throughout our nation. NCARB finances
itself by receiving dues from each of the
50 State Boards of Architecture and six
territorial Boards of Architecture. In
addition, a large part of NCARB's income
is from the examination and from the
processing of Blue Covers. (The Cover in
which the individual dossier is

Prior to the blue cover process, a
registered architect in one state might
gain registration in another state by direct
negotiation. The problem was always one.
of the State Board in the receiving state
exercising due diligence in protecting the
citizens of that state from the possibility
of an unqualified man being permitted to
practice. This required time-consuming
investigations. NCARB now has been
organized to accomplish this investigative
process nationwide, as an extension of
the Blue Cover process. Now, most states
will accept applications for reciprocity
licensing only via the NCARB Blue Cover
process. This has allowed each state to
reduce its cost of "investigation" while
improving the resulting procedures. Again
... the Blue Cover is only a dossier
containing factual information about a
Professional Architect. It is updated each
year directly from him andi his home
state. An individual State Board still
deserves the right to turn down an

The opportunity to practice architecture
in a state is a privilege granted by the
citizens as represented by their governor
- not a right of an individual. The State

Boards want the people in the state to
have the opportunity to hire the very best
- so there is no desire to "keep
potentially good practitioners out ...
only the sworn duty to try diligently to
prevent unqualified persons from entering
the profession in the state". There is right
of legal recourse against the ruling of a
board should an individual feel aggrieved;
however, there is also legal and moral
commitment by the board members to
exercise due diligence in protection of
health, welfare and safety of the citizens.

On the international 'situation, NCARB is
attempting to establish a process for
verifying equal education, equal
competence, and ethical qualities for
applying architects in some foriegn
countries. Each country presents a
different problem. So far, NCARB has
drawn a reciprocity agreement with the
Royal Association of British Architects,
and the National Association of
Australian Architects.

These agreements make it possible for.
qualifying individuals from these
countries to have an NCARB Blue Cover.
This cover must still be accepted by a
specific State Board in order for the
holder to be able to practice in that
specific State. NCARB is working with a
number of other countries and there will
be additional agreements for reciprocity.
The one country, Canada, which seems a
most logical target for reciprocity seems
also to have rather severe internal
problems; there is not yet reciprocity
between the provinces of Canada. This
may take time, but progress is being

The record keeping capabilities of
NCARB and the State Boards, the
increasing efficiency of
inter-communication among the State
Boards as the boards get more and more
competent executive secretaries, and the
migratory tendency of architects, are all
encouraging architects to get an NCARB
certification young architects realize its
importance. Practitioners work at
broadening the scope of their operations.
Practitioners should appreciate the
problems of paper work and sensitive

management in this connection.
Practitioners should also know that
currently in any other profession, this
reciprocity would be much more difficult
or even impossible. NCARB and the
individual state boards are dedicated to
making the process easier. To this end the
national annual convention is a time of
resolving individual differences, without
violating the State rights principles. In
session, the discussion is deliberately
concerned with better service to the
individual state boards, the public and the
individual architects in that order.
There is discussion of trends,
requirements, and developments in the

The National Council of Engineer
examiners has essentially a parallel
operation. It might be interesting to
observe here that the National Council of,
State Boards of Landscape Architecture is
now in the formative stage. This group is
following somewhat the organization
processes and forms of NCARB. This is
good. The planners and interior
decorators are emerging as professions.
Perhaps they, too, will generally follow
the NCARB track. Much later perhaps
ten years from now, parallel processes
will make interfacing of the professions
much easier and more effective.
The formal educational and experience
process which a high school student
follows to emerge years later as a fully
registered architect serving our society
in the creation of an acceptable
environment, is at best a long, tedious,
nurturing one. The single most important
thing this student can learn is represented
by the word synergism, that is, learning
the planning process by using, and
recombining basic systems in
ever-increasing complexity thus creating a
"whole" which exceeds the sum of the
parts to help solve the environmental
requirements of man in an orderly,
effective manner. Basic comprehension in
many disciplines become necessary parts
of this process, so these "tools" can be
encompassed into the total in a sensitive
manner. While the schools have designed
a program of systematic exposure of the
student to successive sets of controlled
conditions, thereby stimulating learning,
the true pragmatic process requires that
the student also be able to separate
possible projects from those not
practically possible. This part of the
educational process we call practical
experience. This practical experience
record, is required for admission to take
the examination for registration. Learning
to lead, inspire and gain the confidence of
people within the systems of construction
is an absolutely necessary ingredient in
the total planning process, if a student is
to make viable contributions to our

F/A 13

Practitioners View, Continued

With the above as preamble, and in line
with the purposes of NCARB, there exists
an accrediting body known as the
National Architectural Accreditation
Board. This board is jointly supported by
National Council of Architectural
Registration Boards, the American
Institute of Architects, and the
Association of Collegiate Schools of
Architecture. The accrediting Board
maintains offices in the Octagon. It has a
highly competent executive secretary and
staff. Members are appointed by the three
supportive organizations. These members
in teams visit schools of Architecture and
accredit those schools that maintain
adequate standards that indicate that
graduated students can be expected to
serve our society in a professional
manner. There are presently 76
accredited schools of architecture in our
country. These schools vary widely in
curriculum, but in all cases, the
professional degree is at least a five year
system. Many of these are now six year
systems. In all cases, the required proven
competence as demonstrated by written
examination in the schools at the end of
each course, covers the basic planning
process plus subject matter knowledge
which, in the opinion of the school and
of NAAB is necessary to reasonably
assure "protection of health, welfare and
safety of the citizens of the state."

The profile of a hypothetical or typical
architectural student is a study in itself.
The manifest talent is the capability to do
reasonable drawings, The real talent is...
drawing which manifest a good planning
capability. The curriculum however places
severe requirements on his scientific
capability. This results from the
requirements that he be schooled in
structural engineering, mechanical
engineering, surveying, electrical
engineering and air conditioning. There
are also projects in acoustics and physics.
In some schools many of these courses
are given by the school of engineering, so
the competition here is severe. At the
other end of the talent scale, the art
courses are just as demanding. So ... this
student must be above all else a
hardworking, dedicated, intelligent
person. His talents must cover a broad
range. (see diagram)

Finally, his leadership role in the planning
process, his ability and sensitivity in
handling people, that is, selling himself
and his leadership, should be a very
important part of his training. The seven
demands on his time to fulfill the
curriculum leave very little time to
expose himself on campus in the "learned
leadership" role. It is significant that
there are very few student architects who
become presidents of classes or elected
student leaders compared to students of
about equal competence in other fields of
study. If we concede that the ability to
lead is a learned response to stimuli, that
is, the opportunity to participate in
campus activities and being looked upon
by ones peers as a leader, then we must
agree that this important aspect" of
architectural training is less structured
(and perhaps considerably less effective)
than the more formalized disciplines like
structural engineering, or delineation.

There should a continued study of the
accomplishments of those students who
stay on in school for extended study. It
would seem that improved opportunity
to develop leadership capability might'
generate a graduate student who would
be likely to progress as a potential leader
in our society, and, in propotion to his
technical competence, might help to
create the manifestation of a modern
Plato's Republic. The actual present
situation seems to suggest that often the
architectural student finds it very
difficult to assume the level of leadership
in our society commensurate with his
learned level of capability to perform
architectural skills. This phenomena is
not peculiar to architects, but suggests
generally less sensitivity to the consensus
of fellow citizens on social or political
problems than some other professional
groups who have perhaps developed
greater capability to detect consensus but
really might have less ability to formulate
worthwhile goals after they were elected
leaders. It would seem desirable to
remedy this situation by adjusting the
curriculum, a task which is anything but


A very great percentage of architectural
practitioners have been teachers. The
instinct and desire to teach seems very
strong in the academically more
competent students and many of these
young men do move directly into
teaching. If this takes place before the
registration process is complete, these
men have an atypical process with which
to contend. They have various levels of
success. The time lapse before they take
the examination is extended and the
pass-fail consequences are much greater.
Assuming they finally pass,(and most
architectural faculty should be licensed)
there seems to be much less academic
acknowledgement than that gained by
"more degrees" or writing a book. Those
who really want to make teaching a
career seem to have serious problems
growing in a current meaningful
experience area while at the same time
going up the academic ladder, getting
registered, staying current and vital and
meeting classes and simulating young
sharp minds to be sharper!

Certainly, tenure as a condition of
employment must somehow be kept from
becoming tenure a mind conditioner.
Some categories into which people fall
A. The young man who teaches a few
years is exciting to the students
does some very fine work while
on the faculty then leaves to
become a highly successful
B. The older successful, acknowledged
professional, who returns to teach
and is a vital exciting leader of
young men. He and these young
students in teams often make very
fine contributions in the state.

C. Young men who really want to
teach.( They stay in the system
often in spite of financial and
locational disadvantages. Some
manage to climb up the academic
educational management ladder.
Some grow by just being really fine
academically-oriented teachers.
Some combine teaching with a
specialty like acoustics or planning.
This specialty, they sell essentially
as a part of a total architectural
service. That is, they serve in their
special expertise area generally by
the hour, for a practicing architect.
A few, a very few, have a terrible
time keeping the world from
passing them by. The profession
really owes it to the teachers to
first acknowledge, then actually
help these teachers maintain their
"brain muscle tone" by folding
them into current real problems.i
There will be all manner ofr

F/A 14


reactions to the above statement.
Suffice to say, I have lived through
two complete explosions where the
profession complained so strongly
to the educational leadership that
rules were passed at the University
which made it almost impossible
for a tenured teacher to keep
participating in the ongoing private
sector! Each time, we lost good
teachers and damaged the

I have lived through one very severe
experience where one of our top
educational leaders became so busy with
his outside work that his full time
education job was very neglected.

The problem is serious really warrants
deep consideration if we want the very
best total situation in our State.

In recent years the architectural
leadership throughout Florida has been
very close to the FSBA in philosophy.
There have been many joint meetings.
The major ideas and and directions of
state boards have been reviewed the
professional leadership. This has been
particularly fortunate in:
A. Passage of the corporate practice
laws: Prior to 1969 architects could
legally practice only as individuals,
or in partnerships where all the
partners were either registered
architects, registered professional
engineers, or registered landscape
architects. This situation essentially
denied architects the business
opportunities inherent in the
corporate structure. These
opportunities had to do with the
accumulation of an estate. Since
changing this law, architects have
the opportunity to manage the
business of the profession as a
business, yet they remain
professionally responsible for the
profession! The FSBA now
concerns itself with the professional
only, while other general laws cover
the business practice.
B. Florida has in recent years been
most fortunate in that the
educational leadership in the state
has been very active in the
professional Architectural field.This
has led to more and more
practitioners actually visiting
and/or teaching at the schools. Out
of this activity has come the formal
establishment of an Architectural
Guild at each school. These Guild
Chapters have officers and sponsor
programs aimed at cementing ever
stronger the link between students
and practitioners.

C. The FSBA by formal action has, for
the last five years, retained Arnold
Butt, A.I.A. Architect the head of
Department of Architecture,
University of Florida and
successively, the head of the School'
of Architects, University of Miami,
(for past two years, Ralph
Warburton A.I.A. has had this
position), as educational advisors.
These school heads have been able
from this experience to offer a
meaningful refresher course to
State Board examinees on the
examination as well as reflect this
experience in the school teaching
programs. This has greatly
benefited the profession.
Conversely this close relationship
has generated exceptionally fine
support by the profession of the
schools. The profession has been
very active in urging the University
of Florida and University of Miami
administrations to give "College
status" to the school of
architecture, and to provide
necessary capital outlay for
increasing the capacity in these
facilities. Progress at the University
of Miami includes designation of
Ralph Warburton A.I.A. as
Associate Dean. The University of
Miami has also committed itself to
"a full" school status as enrollment
increases. The University of Florida
administration is attempting to find
a Dean for the College of Arts and
Architecture who is a registered
For years our architectural leaders and
our engineering leaders have been great
friends done business together, socialized,
or done civic work harmoniously. The
minute they sat across the table and be-
gan discussing these two laws and
what was architecture or what was en-
gineeing, they became true antagonists.
As a result, the transgressors on each
side were aggressively attacked in court
by the attorneys for the other board.
Much time, much money, and much
thought was used by each board attack-
ing the very few unethical men in the
other profession. Meanwhile the joint
professional problems were receiving little
serious joint effort.

What has become known as The Florida
Joint Resolution between the Florida
State Board of Architects and Florida
State Board of Engineer Examiners was
written. -This resolution was built on a
very few basic foundation stones:
1. For the FSBA to discipline and
engineer, required the FSBA to go
into court. For the Florida State
Board of Engineer Examiners
(FSBEE) to discipline an architect
required the FSBEE to go to court.
On the other hand, each by law
could discipline his own merely by
calling him into a board meeting,
hearing the evidence and deciding
on a punishment. So the first
foundation stone is that each board
agreed that it would receive
evidence and seriously investigate.
and adjudicate this evidence when
such was brought. Each
acknowledged the sincerity of the
other and agreed to abide by the
findings and disposition of the case
by the other board.

2. The second foundation stone was
that a person was actually
registered as a professional, and
essentially licensed to sell to the
public that which he could show by
reason of education and experience
his competency to deliver. If he
sealed a work product which he
could no; technically explain, he
was in truth committing an
unprofessional act. For this he
could and should be disciplined by
the board that granted him
professional status in the beginning.
There is no way for a professional
to seal a work product which he
cannot personally check for
technical accuracy and safety and
yet maintain he has this right
because he has been granted the
right by a board! Such use of his
seal is an unprofessional act!

3. The third building stone is that the
boards would meet in joint session
in January of each year in an effort
to continue improving relations. At
these meetings joint problems are

4. The fourth building stone is that
proposed changes in the laws would
be discussed so there would be no
surprise to either board at the

This resolution has now been adopted in
a number of other states; however in
some states, as much as $25,000 per year
is still being spent between the two
boards of that state attacking the other's

F/A 15

Practitioners View, Continued

The most immediate result of the joint
resolution was that the two executive
secretaries investigate mutual problems
together. They talked to the alleged
transgressor together. We found that a
very small group in each profession was
doing most of the transgressing. When
these few problems were handled, the
entire state scene quieted down. We have
been able to turn attention and resources
to other problems.

One of the most pressing joint problems
is that of helping the building department
officials do their job better by helping
them resolve the overlapping professional
problems and otherwise assist them to
promote a better quality of service. This
whole subject matter is one in which the
joint boards could truly render a service
state-wide, which would be right in the
line of their assignment to protect the
health, welfare and safety of the citizens.
There should be a state-wide conference
by members of the joint boards and the
building inspector's leadership. The
subject matter should be wide, but should
particularly address itself to how to bring
up the quality of service at the bottom of
the scale, rather than being so concerned
about proper division at the top of the

There is one difference in the FSBA rules
and the FSBEE rules which will continue
to cause a "nettling": the FSBA rule very
specifically states that buildings built in
Florida must be sealed by an architect
registered in Florida. They further state
that all plans must be created under the
direct,supervision of the architect. FSBA
Rules go so far as to require a registered
architect in full attendance in any office
which practices architecture. Thus no
brance offices unless this process is met!
This wording leaves no room for hedging
on responsibility.

The engineers' current policy provides
that a professional engineer registered in
Florida may "review" another's work and
write a letter qualifying his review. Then
permits may be processed and the
structure built. This situation needs a
deep-think session between the
professions to consider bringing the

variance into concert. Perhaps it can be
resolved; however, the current practice
seems to be inconsistent across the state.

Directions Trends or Drifts

The twenty to forty professional years an
architect is privileged to practice is also,
obviously, the time frame in which he
takes his part of the profession from an
older man carries it through his own
life and at the end hands it to a
young man. The architectural profession
has been nurtered and perserved by the
diligent work of many professionals
through many generations. It comes to
this generation a well defined discipline! It
comes to this generation with a
wonderful, expanding role. This
generation's link in the chain might well

A much more integrated system of
connecting education and practice.
Perhaps a student could look forward to a
total system starting with FSBA
sponsored monitored positive counseling
in high school.

The FSBA might appoint a career teacher
in each school of architecture in the state
to a continuing relationship with the
FSBA as career consultants to students.
The FSBA would undertake to make
them experts in the subject matter.

These men would be privileged to attend
and participate in some FSBA meetings,
and some NCARB meetings. They would
receive all NCARB and FSBA
information concerning the education
and experience requirements. They would
have use of a secretary at the FSBA office.
This secretary would identify counselors
in each high school and provide accurate
information as directed by the career
consultants to these high schools
counselors. All records and mail-outs
would be handled by arrangements with
the University of Florida Computer
Center. The first record would come
when a student enrolled in specific
agreed-to pre-architecture courses in the
junior colleges or at the universities. An
initial letter would be sent giving him

basic information and alerting him to the
existence of the career consultants. The
students would be followed by the
computer report on course work -
and/or, by the secretary. His course
selection and general progress would be
advised on/or monitored by the career
consultants or his appointed counselors.
When he became a third year student
(either enrollong initially in one of the
Universities in the State having schools of
architecture or attending one of the many
junior colleges or one of the other State
Universities or coming from out of state)
he would have had the best chance of
making his time to that point count!

Sometime during his first semester in
Architecture School, the career

consultant would
information, and
become NACRB
thereafter, his
monitored and
counceled once
activity would be

interview him, get basic
start the file that will
blue cover. Each year
progress would be
he would be career
a year. His summer
evaluated at the time.

On graduation, the career counselor and
the executive secretary of the FSBA would
consult and certify to his future NCARB

A. He graduated from and accredited

B. He accumulated some number of
months of acceptable experience.

This graduate would go over his plans for
externship with the career counselor. His
requirements would be identified, and a
plan jointly developed for his externship.
The graduate would be resopnsible for
keeping in touch for monitoring purposes
with the career counselor (current
address, employer, etc.). On completing.
externship the graduate would file for
State Board Examination. On passing,
that fact onfy would be entered in his
computer record, along with the other
information, part of which is now
collected by the pre-examination

The newly registered architect would now
have in his NCARB computer file, as
properly certified by the executive
secretary of FSBA the record required for
NCARB Blue Cover. He could then get
his NCARB certificate merely by
application and fee payment to NCARB.
Note The above presumes that by
the time this system is functioning,
the record of ALL architects
registered in any state would be on
computer tape, maintained by
NCARB. Those who have current
blue covers would have recorded,
extra information. Any state board>

F/A 16

would be able to get instant recall
on any registered architect by
computer terminal or overnight
report by other electronic means.

The experience record of the newly
registered architect would continue to be
monitored and recorded similarly to
present NCARB system.

As this professional architect grows, his
first commitment to the profession would
be to join the Architectural Guild in
support of his School of Architecture. He
would be an active member of this guild
as long as he is in practice. The one duty
of the guild is to serve as a vehicle in
channeling assistance and support of all
the practitioners for the School of
Architecture. This help is divided into:

A. Bringing the practicing group back
to the school for current teaching
experience sharing.
B. Supporting and encouraging
students through big brother
(Guild) activity, summer work, etc.
C. Relating professionally with the
teachers so that the teachers are
encouraged to participate in real
projects, getting real pay for real
The writing seems to be on the wall
concerning continuing education. I
believe that within ten years all
professions will by law be required to
have some annual formal/refresher study
or continuing education If this is true, it
will have to be handled by the State
Board NCARB system in association
with the societies. This might take the
form of another joint board created from
A.I.A., NCARB and ACSA to design the
programs, then monitor these thru the
State Boards. The State Boards keep
accurate legal records and have hard legal

If this comes to pass, the only reasonable
way to manage the actual teaching will be
through the Schools of Architecture,
using the National Architectural Accredit-
ing Board (NAAB) contract and the State
Board secretaries. The computer record
system, the computer notification process
and the computer record of registration
will all come into play. The system will
no doubt follow the Army Reserve
Officer system of points for required and
elective courses.

This occurrence will also bring the practi-
tioner closer to the Schools. The system
will be efficient, fast with strong support
from the profession and strong leadership
in the schools. Accomplishment of re-
quired points certified by the Execu-
tive Secretary of the State Board would
be a prerequisite to re-registration each

year. Monitoring all this cross notification
to states where registration is by recipro-
city the resulting domino effect -
notification of registrants warnings,
etc. for 50,000 professionals with
120,000 registrations in 50 states and 6
territories is something to contemplate,
but it will most likely be on us in five
years! When the system becomes as
routine as pictured above, almost all these
architects will apply and have an NCARB
file. This will make them even more
mobile ... but our profession will be
serving our society in a most efficient and
effective manner!

At the other end of the scale, the joint
boards must concern themselves
immediately with the quality of service as
manifest by the quality of the permit
documents being presented to building
departments. Building department
officials now have all the work they can
do. They do not have time to stop the
process and wait on state boards to "look
at" situations. They are under the gun by
municipal attorneys not to risk legal
action unless there is good clear cause.

In their assignment ... certainly the
"welfare" aspect suggests upgrading. If a
good planning session with the building
officials could be arranged, a system
embodying some of the following might

FSBA and FSBEE would appoint one
representative practicing in the
jurisdiction of each building department
in our state. These two men one
architect and one engineer would act as
a minute man committee to "look" at
any problem when they were called by
the head of that building department. If
the problem related to an architect then
the minute man architect would call the
executive secretary of FSBA and suggest
he review the situation. If the problem

related to an engineer, the minute man
engineer member would call the executive
secretary of the FSBEE, who would then
look at the situation. At this point the
minute man committee would be
through! The executive secretaries would
take over. Further, the building permit
process would not stop. There would be
no hold up no liability, yet the boards
could gradually clean up the problem
areas. In a few years things would be
immeasureably better.

Side benefits would include:
A. More team spirit between the
professionals and the building

B. A greater understanding for each

C. Development of a statewide group
of professionals who would relate
much better with their State Boards
than now.

D. No extra cost to the building

In closing if I have learned one thing
... it is that most professionals are
sincerely trying to behave ethically. When
they don't, in most cases, a simple
straight-forward discussion will cause
them to correct their actions. They will
benefit by having the discussion. The very
few who are dishonest will transgress
more than once ... it is worth the effort
for the first time to be a warning.

As Board Members, our function is to
monitor lead and encourage the
upgrading of architectural service to the
citizens of Florida .. to be diligent in
the protection of the health, welfare and
safety of the citizens of our State. R

F/A 17

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RQUET 16400 south lathrop avenue.
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Medical Facilities Architect. The Florida
Division of Health, Bureau of Health
Facilities, has a position open for a
Medical Facilities Architect. The position
entails architectural consultation, plans
and construction review. Florida
registration or NCARB certification
required. Write in confidence to Mr.
Richard C. Rosenvold, A.I.A., Bureau of
Health Facilities, Florida Division of
Health, Post Office Box 210,
Jacksonville, Florida 32201, or call Area
Code 904-354-3961.

Dantzler Lumber & Export Company, Inc.
2 (Second Cover)

Dunan Brick Yards, Inc.
19 (Third Cover)

List Industries, Inc.

McPhilben Lighting

PPG Industries

T-Square of Miami

F/A 18

F& O A4E~F/ W~t41

AZMN5 0q AW AN 3*HEn



6LAY *qT MOM PAW A A4 V~-~ -A


ITEA ~ ~ ~ TO NUOZ0 OV-r~- F12E



-55 69Z 1570( 5 73-49 SS 8A11E:

7100 N. Kendall Drive
Miami, Florida 33156
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Architecture and Allied Arts Library

University of Flor
S Gainesville, Fla,

An Administrator' Prayer
S~G if rh' the t erf-~ivaten tssb ktoinowhbnestty what
.aniwhat l,can,do. and what ltalcrinot .
SGrant -me-the judgment to channel my energies, into
Sthdse .averfuesv Which :best utilize my abilities snd;do -
rklqu r_ alits hch. dc n i p~sss; -
S Grant me -the- wisdom cheerfully toadmit error and.,;
e etr frort -my experiences; that tI may- grow and -
M .e r de-aeTop a ldprpetttiot 6f` o istakes, ...
SGrant te the humility to: learn from others, even
thouftR they 'be younger; less --experienced; or. of
il : U rir stafidn theh i; ;

G- Grunt .me, the courage. to-make; decisions whenever-
S" they are necessary -and to avoid rashness'when, they-
5 are rfot; m .. . .. :: . ..

'Grat rame the sensitivity to judge the reactions of
Sothers- that- I- may- modify my actions to -meet the.
:k"' ietd bftfR affectedd'" : : '

zat r me.tehe cnsideratiorn to recogqi.etbteworth f o
iew individual, and toirespect all those-with whom. I.
C Y -

have contract, neither stifti ng-their-development.nor-
'eartinl rnyself'at theire'PenS; -

-Grant ma: the.perspicacity;"t6 acknowledge Tiat [cap
Sbe no more effective than-suboFdinates: enable me to-.
Sbe, -and- to 'deal with tem so-~hat they can help men i
S .y efpti ing therpts el t'es; ; -. -, -* :" : "

:Grant me the tolerance to recognize .Tstakse ,ps, a.
cost -of true learning and to stand behind.- my .
S'sabbr tinatds, accepting4 my respbsibifity- for their
7 actibos; ` .- r .

Grant -me the: insight- to, -develop -a, personal
'philsosphy, that 'my 'life may have more meaning and-
i satiffactio an'l't at h 1 by Vkid ceaprieiOus etiorf -
.under the pressure ff 'xpedciPV ', :

"Grant mne the patience- to live-realisticaHly with-' rm
crcurpstanlF, ; ttrMng ~intways fr the better, but
,recognizing- the .perJl, pf top rpid; qr ,tOi arFlie
-change; .

SGiaht h dIl'theSe' things, dear Lord, that I may live a
.. n.ore.ue iUl it e,troiigb e.v"ing Pmy fel.o~ .nen, ..nd ;,
Through them, serve Thee..' : h .