Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Design teams remaking America
 Clearwater city hall
 Ft. Lauderdale city hall
 Court decisions
 Architects in public affairs
 Back Cover


Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00182
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: August 1969
Frequency: quarterly
Subjects / Keywords: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
System ID: UF00073793:00182
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
    Design teams remaking America
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Clearwater city hall
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Ft. Lauderdale city hall
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
    Court decisions
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    Architects in public affairs
        Page 22
    Back Cover
        Page 23
        Page 24
Full Text


,::" The Florida Architect


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It has become clear in both moral and economic terms that our nation can no
longer afford or pretend to intervene in the political and military affairs of nations
throughout the world, maintain a military and weapons establishment of unlimited
size, explore the moon and, at the same time, rebuild our decaying cities, provide
an adequate supply of housing, and finance domestic programs needed to solve
pressing social problems.




One. We call upon the President and the Congress to assume responsibility for a
comprehensive reexamination and reordering of our national priorities, recognizing
that we have neither unlimited wealth nor wisdom, and that we cannot sensibly
hope to instruct other nations in the paths they should follow when we are
increasingly unable to demonstrate that we know how to maintain a
viable society at home.
Two. We call upon our leaders, at all levels of government, to recognize that an
efficient and humane environment is basic to the maintenance of a harmonious and
prosperous society and that the skills to produce it are well within our grasp. At the
same time, we wish to remind our representatives that neither hope, time, nor
technology will solve the problems that presently make urban life a dirty, difficult
and dangerous experience. Only a wholehearted commitment of will and money
will enable us to apply the skills needed to erase the shame of urban America.
Approved and adopted by The American Institute of Architects at its annual
convention in Chicago, Illinois, June 26th, 1969.
The American Institute of Architects
1735 New York Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006

August 1969 / Volume 19 / Number 8

Design Teams
Remaking America

Clearwater City


Advertisers' Index

Ft. Lauderdale
City Hall

Court Decisions

Architects in Public

Left: Clearwater City Hall. Right:
Ft. Lauderdale City Hall. Photos
by Kurt Waldmann.








Broward County Chapter
Donald I. Singer-Joseph T. Romano
Daytona Beach Chapter
David A. Leete-Carl Gerken
Florida Central Chapter
Jack McCandless-James R. Dry
I. Blount Wagner
Florida Gulf Coast Chapter
Edward J. Seibert- Frank Folsom Smith
Florida North Chapter
Charles F. Harrington-James D. McGinley, Jr.
Florida North Central Chapter
Mays Leroy Gray Forrest R. Coxen
Florida Northwest Chapter
Thomas H. Daniels Richard L. MacNeil
Florida South Chapter
Robert J. Boerema- George F. Reed
Walter S. Klements
Jacksonville Chapter
Albert L. Smith- Herschel E. Shepard
Charles E. Patillo, III
Mid-Florida Chapter
Wythe David Sims, II Donald R. Hampton
Palm Beach Chapter
Howarth L. Lewis-Rudolph M. Arsenicos
John B. Marion
Director, Florida Region, American
Institute of Architects
Hilliard T. Smith, Jr.
1123 Crestwood Blvd., Lake Worth

Executive Director, Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
Fotis N. Karousatos,
1000 Ponce de Leon Blvd., Coral Gables
H. Leslie Walker, President
706 Franklin St., Suite 1218
Tampa, Florida 33602
Harry E. Burns, Jr., Vice President/President
1114 Prudential Bldg.
Jacksonville, Florida 32207
James J. Jennewein, Secretary
Exchange National Bank Bldg., Suite 1020
Tampa, Florida 33602
Myrl J. Hanes, Treasurer
P. O. Box 609
Gainesville, Florida 32601

Charles E. Patillo, III
Russell J. Minardi
Wythe D. Sims, II
Fotis N. Karousatos / Editor
John W. Totty /Assistant Editor
Helen Bronson / Circulation
Howard Doehla / Advertising

Journal of the Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects, Inc., is
owned and published by the Association, a
Florida Corporation not for profit. It is
published monthly at the Executive Office of
the Association, 1000 Ponce de Leon Blvd.,
Coral Gables, Florida 33134. Telephone: 444-
5761 (area code 305). Circulation: distrib-
uted without charge of 4,669 registered archi-
tects, builders, contractors, designers, engineers
and members of allied fields throughout the
state of Florida-and to leading financial in-
stitutions, national architectural firms and

Editorial contributions, including plans and
photographs of architects' work, are wel-
comed but publication cannot be guaranteed.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not
necessarily those of the Editor or the Florida
Association of the AIA. Editorial material
may be freely reprinted by other official AIA
publications, provided full credit is given to
the author and to The FLORIDA ARCHI-
TECT for prior use Controlled circula-
tion postage paid at Miami, Florida. Single
copies, 75 cents, subscription, members $2.00
per year, industry and non-members $6.50 per
year. February Roster Issue, $10.00 . Mc-
Murray Printers.


Design Teams


Men who study people are joining
architects and engineers in a new
wave of city building led by design
Design teams are at work in dozens
of American cities coast to coast un-
snarling civic controversy and plug-
ging citizen needs into highways,
schools, neighborhood revival and
new communities.
The American Institute of Architects
says the team concept shows the
greatest promise of any recent inno-
vation in providing American cities
with variety and choice.
From highway corridors in Seattle,
Los Angeles, Boston and other cities
to entirely new towns for 125,000
persons, teams are matching building
projects with needs of people.
"The horizon for this kind of ap-
proach is absolutely unlimited," says
architect John Weese, AIA, who
managed a massive team attack on
Baltimore's freeway problems.

"Any project where you're dealing
with an impact on the community is
subject to the design team treat-
ment," Weese says. Design teams
form when architects, engineers, land-
scape men and decorators-the tradi-
tional design profession-join sociolo-
gists, economists, psychologists and
community workers. Goal: to work
with residents, using a variety of skills
and experience. Objective: a project
that builds individuals and neighbor-
hoods, fills public needs, and protects
man and his limited supply of land,
air, and water.
"This is the future of urban design,"
says San Francisco architect John
Fisher-Smith, AIA, head of the Insti-
tute's Urban Design Committee.

In Chicago, a design team converted
an eight-lane elevated "stiltway" into
one-way depressed expressways with
room in the middle for new homes,
stores and light industry. Controversy
over the $157 million first phase of
the giant Crosstown Freeway evap-
orated as citizens helped the design
team plan.

At Baltimore, the design team was
brought in by the State Roads Com-
mission of Maryland, and in two
years won radical change in 18 miles
of freeway which would have dam-

aged historic Federal Hill and sliced
two other neighborhoods. The team
showed how two neighborhoods could
be saved by alternate routes and a
third revived by building on air rights
over the freeway. A tunnel will be
used through choicest parts of a park
and a freeway diversion will carry
around 45 percent of the traffic away
from the area.
The $1.5 billion Cross Brooklyn
Linear City spine of houses, schools,
clinics proposed along an Interstate
Highway line, Phoenix's Papago Free-
way joint development and Seattle's
10-mile downtown highway corridor
are getting intensive study by design
Smaller cities like Gainesville, Geor-
gia (pop. around 40,000) are using
design teams, too. A dozen Georgia
Tech architectural majors are work-
ing with local residents and officials
to redesign a 60-acre poverty pocket.
The Department of Transportation
(DOT) has a $1.4 million team
study underway in Atlanta, Pitts-
burgh, Seattle, Dallas, and Denver
"to get transportation improved
downtown in a short time." Twenty-
one other cities will use this informa-
tion, DOT Secretary John Volpe said
last month.
New York City this spring unveiled a
$1.1 billion Battery Park City with
room for 55,000 inhabitants and 35,-
000 workers on Hudson River land-
fill. It was drawn by a design team
and includes low-income housing.

A unique new school that will be
scattered through Hartford, Connecti-
cut's South Arsenal neighborhood was
invented by a team. Called the
"everywhere school," it will include a
community center, clinic, library,
adult education as well as instruction
for children. The school will become
the community.

"Success for the design team," ac-
cording to architect Weese, "depends
on the political environment" even
more than money, time or available
land. "Is the city interested or not?
Will it support and accept the team

Architects have always consulted the
people who pay for buildings and
often with those who will use them.
And architects must collaborate with
engineers, market analysts, investors,
decorators, contractors, suppliers, and
landscape men before a building can
be finished.
Continued on Page 20 -

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Clearwater City Hall

The City Hall site, perhaps the
most dramatic in the city, is a
bluff overlooking Clearwater Bay,
the Islands and the Gulf of Mex-
ico, one block from the down-
town shopping area.

The City Administrators voiced a
strong desire to express in this
new facility the spirit of optimism
and vitality of this expanding
community. They wanted to es-
tablish a place to which the citi-
zens and guests to the city would
enjoy coming.
The Program for City Hall in-
cluded these departments: a. City
Engineering b. Building Inspec-
tion and City Planning c. Civil
Service d. City Clerk e. Parks
and Recreation f. Finance and
g. City Attorney. Also included
were offices for the City Man-
ager and Assistant Manager,
Mayor's office, Commissioner's
Conference Room and Commis-
sion Room, this being public
space in which Commission meet-
ings are held.

The program was resolved by ar-
ranging the four departments
most frequented by the public
on the first and second floors.
These departments are separated
by a two-story entrance lobby, in-
tersected by a bridge at the sec-
ond floor. The Commission Room
is the most dominate space of the
third floor. The remainder of this
floor houses Administration and

The third floor perimeter is en-
tirely glass set in 2' deep precast
concrete frames, allowing dra-
matic views with optimum sun
shading. The 2-story high en-
trance lobby is open also on both
entrance and bay side with a full
expanse of glass.

The building structure is primar-
ily cast-in-place reinforced con-
crete, which is expressed through
out the exterior. The walls en-
closing the 2-story high elements,
to either side of the lobby, are
of split faced Italian grey marble
precast in 5' wide panels The
20' wide terrazzo surfaced ter-
race surrounding the building is
planted with cherry laurel trees.

K. Whitney Dalzell, Jr., AIA

Phnton- Kurt Waldmann

Two Miami brothers, eight years
out of Cuba, recently received
architecture degrees from the
University of Florida and the
Catholic community in Miami
may benefit from their work.
As a degree requirement, Jose
and Juan Puentes had to develop
an architectural design and model
that would make a contribution
to the field.
Jose, 26, designed a new school
plant that could be used for a
planned expansion of his alma
mater, Belan Jesuit High School.
Juan, 22, contributed a model for

a meditation center for Catholic
laymen. It is a new concept since
such retreats normally are re-
stricted to the clergy.
A prime feature of the school
campus is the transfer of the cha-
pel from within the main building
to a solitary position on an outer
perimeter of the grounds. Jose's
thought for doing this was that
religion should be taught as part
of the daily curriculum.
It was designed for the Dade
County area "for those people
helping Cubans to integrate into
American society without losing
their Cuban identity," says Juan.


Our "Architectural Program"

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P.O. Box 170-33134



Burns Elected President
Harry E. Burns, Jr., AIA and current-
ly Vice President of FAAIA was re-
cently elected President of the South-
ern District of the National Council
of Architectural Registration Boards.
This district serves 11 southern states
and Panama. Congratulations, Harry.

Barrier Free Architecture
The AIA will conduct ten such work-
shops throughout the country this
fall. The one scheduled for the South-
east will be held in Atlanta, Georgia,
November 12-13 at the National
Communicable Disease Center, 1600
Clifton Road. There is no fee to
attend except for your luncheon, re-
ception and coffee breaks. Informa-
tion on the program was announced
in AIA Memo Nos. 401 and 403.
Mail application to attend to the
North Georgia Chapter, AIA, 203
Peachtree Street, N.W., Atlanta,
Georgia, 30303.

12- 13
4th Cover

Walton buildingg products, Inc.

Continued from Page 8
Jacksonville Construction
Career Day
Earlier this year the Jacksonville local
chapters of the AIA, Engineering Soc-
ieties, AGC, CST, PC, WIC with
public/private schools/colleges and
organized labor cooperated in spon-
soring a Construction Career Day.

The Career Day was set aside to
acquaint the people of high school
age with opportunities for exciting
careers in construction. The objective
of the program was to fire the imag-
ination of young people with the
challenge of the construction industry
whereby the visions of the architect,
the engineer and the scientist are
transformed into the realities that
serve the needs of communities. In
addition, the program was estab-
lished to enhance the general public's
image of the construction industry by
creating a better understanding of
its functioning.
Chairman of the Construction Career
Council was Fred W. Bucky, AIA of
the architectural firm Kemp, Bunch
& Jackson.

The Program, held at Jacksonville
University, provided for Information
Center Exhibit Booths by each of
the professions and construction
trades. In addition, seminars were
held along with a tour of a building
under construction.

The Construction Career Day was
considered to be a successful program.
Perhaps this action by Jacksonville
will stimulate other metropolitan
areas in Florida to initiate plans to
conduct a similar program.

A High-Rise Load-Bearing Concrete
Masonry seminar is being sponsored
by the Florida Concrete & Products
Association, Inc. with cooperating
sponsors being the ACI, FAAIA, FES,
CSI & PCA. The date for this meet-
ing is Tuesday, October 7, 1969, at
the International Inn in Tampa, be-
ginning at 9:00 a.m. and adjourning
at 4:30 p.m. The registration fee is
$20.00 per person which includes
lunch, Design Manual and other li-
terature. The program will include:
Films-"Building the 13 Story
Catamaran Towers"
"Testing Reinforced Concrete
Masonry in the Vertical

Topics-"The Concept of High-
Rise Load-Bearing Design"
"Reinforced Concrete Mason-
ry-Quality Control, Con-
struction Techniques, De-
tails, Design Consideration"
"Design Problems Utilizing
the NCMA Design Manual"
Program brochures and registration
forms are available from the FAAIA

Urban League and AIA
Announce Joint Program
A national program to increase the
number of qualified technical person-
nel available to solve the architec-
tural, urban, and environmental prob-
lems facing the country has been of-
ficially established by the National
Urban League and The American In-
stitute of Architects.

Announcement of the program, de-
signed to aid disadvantaged young
people, was made by Adolph Holmes,
Director of Program Operations for
the Urban League, and AIA Vice
President Francis D. Lethbridge,
FAIA, at a press conference in Wash-
ington, D.C. They said that a major
objective of the joint program is
Continued on Page 14 *-

Proud Constructors of The Ft. Lauderdale City Hall

and Many Other Fine Projects Throughout Florida





933-2821 566-8325 949-2291

William Parrish Plumb, AIA and
Paul Robin John, AIA in joint
D. E. Britt Associates, Inc.
John Ullman, Jr. & Associates
Edward D. Stone, Jr. & Associates
E. Wells Jones for the City of
Fort Lauderdale
Robert Stoetzer

Ft. Lauderdale City Hall

The basic design criteria for this
building was to house all the func-
tioning departments (except po-
lice, fire and utility) of the city
administration on a restricted site
in an eight-story building to be
approximately 80' x 80'.

Essentially the architectural form
is an expression of the complex
interrelated but diverse functions
and space requirements of the
various departments as well as
the desire of the architects to
avoid a static cube form.

There are some eighteen depart-
ments as well as the commission
meeting and conference areas,
public spaces, employees dining
room and lounge, and sublevel
and roof-level mechanical, service
and storage areas. Departmental
interrelationships are handled
both horizontally and vertically
-the latter aided by three pass-
enger elevators and a service el-
evator, dumbwaiter and a pneuma-
tic tube system. Many hours were
spent analyzing, surveying, and
projecting departmental require-
ments, and taped preliminary
conferences were held by the
architects with each of the de-
partment heads.

The physical flexibility dictated
by the changing requirements of
administering a growing dynamic
city are handled throughout with
a movable partition system, a
flexible integrated ceiling system,
and a flexible electrical and
phone outlet system.

The materials and detailing are
simple, dignified and under-
stated; gray quartz aggregate
precast panels, dark bronze-ano-
dized aluminum and bronze-
tinted glass are predominant,
with teakwood used extensively in
the ground floor public spaces.
A gray rustic terrazzo floor flows
out from the commission meet-
ing room onto the landscaped
plaza with its benches, pool and
sculpture, and on out to the
street curbs giving a sense of
unity to these areas used most by
the public.

The building is frankly out of
scale with its neighbors. It is sited
in, and looks upon, a decaying
senile downtown area-and it is
hoped that this new city hall will
be the impetus for, and the nu-
cleus of, a revitalized downtown
neighborhood. U

10 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / August 1969

Photos: Kurt Waldmann


"When you figure how reasonable our daily
operating cost for electric air conditioning is, it's
easy to see why we use and enjoy it in our home.
The whole family not only feels better, but the house
stays quieter and cleaner. We feel it's a most
economical investment in good living for our family."

MR. HARRY E. SHAW OF TAMPA:"I just could
going to the trouble and expense of building a he
we wouldn't be completely pleased with... that'.
why we built a total electric Gold Medallion hom
MRS. SHAW ADDS HER VOTE: "It's so convenii
With electric heating and air conditioning our hor
stays so much cleaner. Less dirt means less work,
and more time for leisure. And you needn't wor
about gauges, or running out of fuel on a cold ni!
Another advantage of our Gold Medallion home i
the lighting. Our system was planned by the expe
at the Electric Company, and it's wonderful."

Four more

votes for

Gold Medallion


/edallion home is always up to the job. My little girl
nd the neighborhood children are in and out of
ie house all day, sometimes forgetting to close the
oor. But our electric heating and air conditioning
Iways maintains a comfortable temperature. And I'm
ery pleased with the electric water heater, which
Iways provides plenty of hot water. We are proud
f our Gold Medallion home."

ou can't argue with the people's
hoice... not if you hope to profit in
ny business related to housing. And
ie people's choice is Gold Medallion.
you want to know more about
ie advantages to you of the
iold Medallion Home Program-and
II the sales promotion support it gives
ou-contact your electric utility.
lo obligation. Except to your clients
nd your profit sheet.

to advise how much we enjoy the convenience
in our new Gold Medallion home. This was our first
custom-built home, and having been closely
associated with the building industry, you can be
certain we researched and chose each item very
carefully. Our choice of total electric was concurred
with by our architect and our builder. We especially
enjoy the controlled heating and cooling with our
reverse-cycle electric air conditioning system."

Florida's Electric Companies...
Taxpaying, Investor-Owned




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And now Permadeck roof decks are
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At the plants, a rigid testing program is
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Accurate job records concerning applica-
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Continued from Page 9
to provide greater opportunity for
disadvantaged young people to be-
come technically qualified.

Mr. Holmes said that a 44-week
technician's on-the-job training pro-
gram in architectural offices will be
set up. Fifty training places in ten or
more cities will be located by the
Urban Design and Development Cor-
poration, the non-profit corporation
established by AIA in February, 1969,
which is co-sponsoring the program
with the Urban League.

According to Mr. Lcthbridgc, the
architectural offices selected will be
responsible for selecting and hiring
the trainees, working with them in
accordance with a training schedule,
mutually set up with the trainee and
the Urban League OJT office, evalu-
ating the trainee's progress to dctcr-
mine if he should continue, or has
successfully completed, the program,
increasing the trainee's salary after
22 weeks, guaranteeing a full-time job
to trainees who successfully complete
the program, and carrying out ethical-
ly, and in good faith, the intent of
the U.S. Department of Labor's train-
ing contract with the National Urban

Mr. Iolmes said that the National
Urban League will recruit and screen
potential trainees, assist in the prepa-
ration of the training schedule, aid
and counsel the trainee, place the
trainee in another job or program if
he is unsuccessful in the first one, pay
part of the costs of supervisory train-
ing for 44 weeks, and provide all of
the administrative support and train-
ing guidance needed by the trainee.

The Urban Design and Development
Corporation, in addition to locating
50 training places in ten or more
cities, will assist in the preparation
of training guidelines and obtain the
endorsement and support of the pro-
fession to expand the program.

Mr. Holmes explained that the trai-
nees will be screened by the Urban
League's local OJT office, but sel-
ected and hired by the practitioner.
lie said that any disadvantaged per-
son is eligible, but that it is expected
that the majority will be minority,
disadvantaged, young people who have
a substantial high school education or
Continued on Page 16 -*

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The new Gulf Life Tower overlooking Jackson-
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munity within itself. And a Caterpillar Diesel
engine is helping to make it so.
With dependable standby power furnished by
the Caterpillar engine, this 430-foot tower is

actually insured for power failures. Should
outside power fail, the Gulf Life Center is kept
active and functioning with standby electricity.
The Caterpillar D343ATA Standby Electric Set
generates this standby power automatically,
five seconds after power failure.
Truly reliable power is a must for the Gulf Life
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concrete structure in the nation.
Why not insure your operations for power
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See your Florida Caterpillar dealer about
standby power or prime power. Whatever your
operational needs, your Florida Caterpillar
dealer will engineer to fit them.


Caterpillar, Cat and Traxcavator are Registered Trademarks of Caterpillar Tractor Co.

111 1- rrl I' I I I II

Continued from Page 14
Accoridng to Ralph G. Schwarz, pres-
ident of the Urban Design and De-
velopment Corporation, architectural
firms are encouraged to notify the
Corporation of their interest in work-
ing with trainees. He said that al-
though 50 places are the immediate
goal for the program, they hope to ex-
pand it in the future.

The program is one of several worked
out by the Urban League and AIA in
response to Urban League's Exec-
utive Director Whitney M. Young's
challenge to the architectural pro-
fession in his keynote address at the
1968 AIA Convention in Portland.
At that time, he urged the architects
to commit themselves personally and
professionally to an improvement of
the urban environment in line with
the "principles of democracy and the
Judeo-Christian ethics."

Insurance Against Strikes
Strike insurance designed to stiffen
the resistance of employers against
unions in construction and related in-
dustries now seems certain to be op-
erative by next year.

Brainchild of the Associated General
Contractors of America, the proposed
insurance is to be handled by Lloyd's
of London and is to be available to
all employers allied with the construc-
tion field-whether union or non-

As adopted by the AGC convention
in Washington in mid-March, the
plan calls for the creation of a sort of
"mutual fund" to be managed by the

Employers allied with the building
field would pay into this fund annual
premiums ranging from $3,000 to
$360,000, depending upon the size
and needs of an individual employer.

In return, the employer would be
eligible for payments ranging from
$500 to $120,000 a day for each day
of labor-related work stoppage. The
higher the premium, the larger the

On the theory that even the weakest
employer could withstand a 10-day
strike, no payments would be made in
the first 10 days of any shutdown.

Payments to cover the employer's
losses would be minimal for the first
70 days of a labor-related shutdown.
And since normal nonworking days
are not counted, the 70-day insurance
period would make the employer fi-
nancially strike-proof for 14 five-day

The insurance is to be made available
not only to contractors, but also to
subcontractors, equipment makers,
suppliers of materials, project own-
ers-virtually anyone who wants pro-

An employer is eligible for payments,
under the plan, even if his shutdown
is caused by a strike in the plant
for a supplier of materials or equip-
ment, and not by any action of his
own workers.

A seven-member advisory committee
composed of policyholders is to keep
a continuous check on the operations
of the program.

The plan calls for an arbitrator to
make final and binding decisions in
disputes between the insurer and the
policyholders as to liability.

Under the proposed agreement, the
insurance company is given the right
of subrogation to recover losses it
pays to those insured. It may take
over any cause of action the insured
may have for damages against any
person or organization that caused the
interruption of construction.

Architects Carve Role
In New Highway Plans

The nation's architects are moving
to influence America's new federal
highway system.

The $62 billion Interstate road net-
work authorized by Congress in 1956
had hardly any contribution from
architects. Critics claim these free-
ways sometimes damaged cities by
splitting neighborhoods and wasting
land. Now a new road web-which
could cost around $50 billion from
1975 to 1985-is under consideration.

The American Institute of Architects'
Urban Design Committee has em-
barked on a study and action program
to help guide the post-Interstate roads.

AIA President Rex Whitaker Allen of
San Francisco announced the Stern
Family Fund, a New York City
based foundation, has granted $10,000
so the committee this year can study
the best highway design. Institute
funds will be used to advise Con-
gress, government agencies, and the

New traffic carriers will have strategic
impact on older cities plus the rings
of urban growth sprouting around
U.S. cities, pointed out Jaquelin T.
Robertson, AIA, the committee's
transportation chairman.

The AIA wants Congress to enact
highway legislation that will allow de-
sign by teams of architects, engineers,
planners, and social scientists. The
Institute also wants to encourage
joint use of highways with other
construction such as schools, industry,
stores and housing so as to conserve
land and tax resources for American

Architects are also convinced high-
ways can blend better with the look
and scale of cities, avoiding Chinese
wall affects. 0


Architectural credits for The Mu-
tual of Omaha Building were in-
correctly listed in the July issue.
The architects were: Houstoun,
Albury, Baldwin Cr Parish.

16 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / August 1969

Conrt g

Pick a card. Any card.

New PCA computer programs cut your design time on plain
or reinforced concrete, give you more design options, provide
an accurate check on your work.
You don't have to know too much about computers or computereze
to use them.
Simply select the program that covers your problem and contact
your PCA man. He will advise you on the computerized cards
that cover the program, plus input sheets and any explanations
you may need.
Then just send the input sheet to your favorite computer.
If you have none, your PCA man will furnish you a list of computer
service companies.
The computer will provide you with the answers you want
in minutes. The answers that it takes you days-perhaps
weeks-to calculate by hand. Another reason why
concrete is good for you.
Call your PCA man today.

Suite 205, Essex Bldg.,
3101 Maguire Blvd., Orlando, Fla. 32803



Revenue Service Gives
Up On Professional
After losing several court decisions,
the Internal Revenue Service an-
nounces it "is conceding that or-
ganizations of doctors, lawyers, and
other professional people organized
under state professional association
will, generally, be treated as corpo-
rations for tax purposes." Following a
decision by the Solicitor General of
the U.S. not to appeal two recent
cases, the Justice Department and the
Revenue Service concur. IRS says the
government will not press appeals
presently pending before the Fifth and
Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals.
"Also no appeal will be prosecuted
in other pending cases decided adver-
seyl to the government on the same
issues involving similar facts," IRS
says. "Finally, all similar cases now
in litigation or under audit will be
reviewed to see if they should be
conceded." The Revenue Service re-
serves the right to proceed in any
case that "reflects special circum-

Institute Advocates
New Approach To The
Codes Problem
Testifying before the Senate Banking
and Currency Committee, Robert Pi-
per, the Chairman of AIA's Commit-
tee on Building Industry Coordina-
tion, said the Institute supports the
establishment of a National Institute
of Building Sciences to develop build-
ing standards.

Such an organization is proposed by
S. 2368, a measure sponsored by
Senator Javits (D-N.Y.), and H.R.
12946, a similar bill proposed by
Rep. Moorehead (D-Pa.). Both bills
are patterned after a recommendation
of the National Commission on Ur-
ban Problems, the so-called Douglas
Commission. The National Institute
of Building Sciences to be established
by the legislation would:

develop standards affecting all
building materials;

develop standards for use in
local building codes; and

promote, coordinate and pub-
lish testing of new building
products, equipment, tech-
niques, and systems.

Piper said the AIA believes there is a

critical "need for a more rational
system to conceive, test, and evaluate
criteria for processing and accepting
building materials, systems and tech-
nological innovations." He noted that
the "AIA does not favor a national or
Federal code; however, a set of na-
tional policies encouraging uniformity
of testing and evaluation procedures
to be adopted locally is extremely

Court Decisions

Labor Board Upholds A-E's
Right to Specify the Right
Product For The Job
An architect and engineer, retained
by a hospital to design an additional
building, specified in their plans that
heating and cooling should be pro-
vided by prefabricated fan coil units.
The mechanical contractor was aware
of the specification when its bid was
submitted. The specifications also
provided that the architect was to
"interpret the specifications . .and
decide all other questions in con-
nection with the work."

Despite the specifications, the union
insisted that its members were en-
titled to assemble the fan coil units
on the job because the collective bar-
gaining agreement between the union
and the contractor provided that "all
pipe two inches (2") and under . .
(was) to be cut, threaded and in-
stalled by employees on the job." To
settle the dispute, the contractor pro-
posed to the architect that the piping
be fabricated at the construction site,
but the architect rejected the propo-
sal and insisted that the units be
shipped pre-assembled.

The National Labor Relations Board
held the union's conduct to be a sec-
ondary boycott, an unfair labor prac-
tice prohibited by the National Labor
Relations Act. The practical impact
of the Board's decision is that man-
ufacturers of products installed at
the construction site will be able to
seek relief from union refusals to
install their products. Therefore, if
architects or engineers specify a par-
ticular manufacturer's product or fac-
torq fabrication of a product, it will
be unlawful for the union to refuse
to perform work for the contractor
installing the product.

[Local 636, United Association (Me-
chanical Contractors Association of
Detroit, Inc.), 177 NLRB 14 (July
4, 1969)].




Revised Editions

of all


Contract Forms

and Documents

are available

from FAAIA


1000 Ponce de Leon Blvd.

Coral Gables, Fla. 33134


305 444-5761



18 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / August 1969

Today's systems

Use natural gas to pro-
duce your own electric-
ity? It may have been a
thought a century ago.
Today, it's a proven
operation. And it's called
Total Energy...a rugged
and dependable system
using natural gas burn-
ing engine/generators
to produce electrical
needs. It even goes an-
other step further. Heat
given off by the engines

is captured to produce
heating, water heating
S. and even air condi-
tioning, thru absorption
cooling. Sound exciting?
It is.

Find out how your
next major project can
be self-sustaining with
Total Energy. Check the
facts with your local
Gas Utility. He's in the
Yellow Pages.

Winter Park, Florida

For a free 11" x 14" print of the Solar Gas Machine, send your name and address
to Patent, Advertising Department, Florida Gas Company, P. O. Box 44, Winter Park, Florida.

Design Teams
(Continued from Page 4)

Design teams are an extension of this
consultation plus three added dimen-

--Architects are calling in social
scientists to determine how the
project will affect people and the
environment. Economists, psychol-
ogists, opinion researchers, doctors
and teachers have signed in.

Citizens are telling needs, offering
ideas and reacting to plans before
blueprints are drawn. They are in
the process at the start. They be-
come part of the client which for-
merly may have been solely a
banker, public works director, in-
dustrialist or school board.

-Joint uses for the new facility are
sought. Object: increase economic
return and cut waste, build a
neighborhood, and save money
and space.

What are the extra costs in time and
money caused by the new approach?

Construction cost will go up one half
to one and one half percent, esti-
mates Weese.

S But added returns could more than
offset this, he added.

Rescuing land can yield property
taxes to a financially periled city,
Weese said. Social dividends--the
preservation of a neighborhood or. of
institutions like churches and stores
are hard to figure but can be size-

Future use of air rights and surplus
rights of way, if thorny legal and
financing questions can be settled,
might help pay for the project.

Changes in highway and urban re-
newal plans could save low income
housing and thus ease a city's hous-
ing shortage. Even in new growth
cities like San Jose, Calif. (now the
nation's 31st largest), highways have
aggravated severe housing shortages
by demolishing cheap rentals, social
workers claim.

The design team process, particularly
the public participation clement, does
take longer than the old, single plan-
ner method, some city officials feel.
It also can offer an excuse for offi-
cials to avoid decisions.

But if a costly and longwinded law
suit is prevented, it could be viewed
as a short cut. Bitter public hearings
and referendum elections also could
be averted. Such suits and elections
have stopped needed highway solu-
tions in numerous cities. San Fran-
cisco and Washington, D.C., for ex-
ample, have not yet settled highway
battles a design team might be able
to resolve.

In Philadelphia, the AIA Chapter is
urging Mayor James Tate to "retain
an interdisciplinary team" to get the
Crosstown Expressway moving in less
harmful ways to residents. As long as
the project is cloudy, property in the
highway zone deteriorates, said the

A design team uncovers information
often overlooked in the past: What
persons will use a project? What will
it cost in disruption as well as con-
crete? What alternatives exist? How
can it be combined with something

A team may set up field offices, hold
meetings (the Baltimore team held
around 125), survey opinion. "We
listen, talk, walk, see, and feel," ex-
plained Norman Klein, AIA, on the
Baltimore team.

Teams can introduce new technolo-
gies and methods in land use, traffic
circulation, building materials and
construction, or machinery.

The DOT study now underway will
determine the market for improved
central district transit, then go to
manufacturers to see if equipment
can match demand. DOT is expected
to be asking Congress for billions of
dollars to help urban transportation
in the next decade so those findings
could be crucial.

Unexpected fallout from the team's
work can include: pressure on a city
to adopt a good master plan and up-
grade its planning staff or changed
Federal, state and local regulations.
From early opposition, Federal and
many state highway departments have
swung to firm support for the design
team concept.

Even older neighborhoods can benefit
from design teams.

Pullman, a model city built from
1880 to 1884 on the far south side
of Chicago, is getting help from a
current team. Here the goal is to safe-
guard schools, trees, landscaping -
the qualities of a contained commu-

nity-from new land uses that threat-
en them. Renovation of homes is
stressed as well as the value of a
stable, well-established village amid a
huge metropolis.

Entire new cities are being designed
by teams. :.

Columbia, Maryland a successful
18,000-acre New Town midway be-
tween Washington, D.C., and Balti-
more wasn't started until developer
James Rouse had a 60-member team
at work for eight months deciding
"what is the ideal system for health,
transportation, education . ."

"The real shafts of light brought into
this discussion came from rather ord-
inary people," recalls Edwin W.
Baker, AIA, manager of planning and
design for Columbia.

"A lady suggested a small bus system
to safely take children to school" and
prospective buyers said schools should
be small, Baker said.

AIA's Urban Design Committee says
design teams should be widely used
in the future. Whatever Federal high-
way system will follow the $62 billion
Interstate network is a logical arena
for the teams. New airports are an-
other target. The Air Transport Asso-
ciation says at least $2.5 billion will
be spent on U.S. airports before 1976.
Yet aviation writer Robert Lindsey
points out: "There's not an airport
in the country that's ready for the
Jumbo Jets. And architects should im-
mediately realize they can't design
the jetports without much more con-
sultation with airline traffic control-
lers, users and others."

Already 18 conservation organizations
plus the United Auto Workers are
battling a proposed $250 million jet-
port 50 miles west of Miami. They
say it will destroy Everglades Na-
tional Park.

This latest controversy resembles in
some aspects hundreds that have en-
gulfed U.S. cities as money and tech-
nology confront people and a toler-
able living space. The conflicts-plus
some that may have not yet surfaced
-look like tasks for a design team.

"Public opinion can no longer be
ignored and antiquated practices
must give way to common sense and
changing needs," says AIA's Past
President George E. Kassabaum,
FAIA, of St. Louis. "Participation is
the order of the day and that's after
all the essence of democracy." N

20 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / August 1969


353 truckloads of Lehigh ready-mixed concrete
in one continuous placement from Friday to Sunday

A major portion of the 3200 cubic yards of concrete In this foundation was placed by a mobile hydraulic crane with belt conveyor system. Two
Lehigh trucks discharged concrete at one time into the hopperfeeding the belt. Three cranes carried concrete in buckets to specially formed sections.
At the perimeter, concrete was discharged directly into the forms from trucks.

The huge foundation slab for the Florida Gas Transmission
Company's new building in Winter Park had to be placed
as a single unit. As many as six Lehigh ready mix trucks
were discharging concrete at one time during the 41.5
hours required to complete the massive foundation.
Average thickness of the 134' x 134' slab is 43/%'. Here, as in
important construction around Florida, pin-point timingof
concrete deliveries from a nearby Lehigh plant helped the
contractor complete this complex concrete placement as
scheduled. When you plan a building, consult your nearby
Lehigh plant. For a reliable source of supply. For technical
assistance that can make the job easier and smoother.
Owner: Florida Gas Transmission Company, Winter Park, Fla.
Architects: Murphy and Hunton, A.I.A., Orlando, Fla.
Design Consultants: Neuhaus and Taylor, A.I.A., Houston, Tex.
Structural Engineer: Kenneth A. Thigpen, Orlando, Fla.
Contractor: Frank J. Rooney, Inc., Orlando, Fla.
Ready Mix Supplier: Lehigh Portland Cement Company, Orlando, Fla.
As this rendering indicates, the new central Florida headquarters
for Florida Gas Transmission Company will be concrete above L H I
ground as well as below. Another fine example of concrete serving E..I E
both structurally and architecturally. CEMENTS
LEHIGH PORTLAND CEMENT COMPANY 0 P.O. Box 16937, Jacksonville, Fla. 32216

Architects Told to Take
Part in Public Affairs

(Reprinted from Miami Herald by
Eli Adams, Real Estate Editor)

The future of modern architecture
lies with public affairs, says Prof. Rob-
ert Geddes, dean of the School of
Architecture and Urban Planning at
Princeton University.

And architects must take a role in
decision-making, not only in the needs
for today, but also in those of to-
morrow, Dean Geddes told the Flor-
ida South Chapter of the American
Institute of Architects.

"The problems of urban planning
are our greatest challenge today," he
said. And it is up to the architect to
meet that challenge, he added.

Dean Geddes said Princeton Uni-
versity has been able to bring the
fields of architecture and public af-
fairs together in its curriculum, pro-
viding the social as well as the phys-
ical fields of design for living.

He noted that students today are
seeking to create their own frame-
work and are capable of social imag-
ination as well as observing social
conventions. Geddes said students see
architecture and public action as a
tool to create a better world.

The Princeton educator, who also is
a consultant for the Miami-Dade
Downtown Governmental Center,
said working in the realm of public
affairs is a continuing but difficult

But he added that despite the diffi-
culties there is no idea of quitting,
rather to seek solutions to problems
which confront the planners.

"We intend to apply first-rate ideas
in the public decision-making realm,"
he said.

Geddes cited the work of his firm
(Geddes, Brecher, Qualls and Cun-
ningham with offices in Philadel-
phia and Princeton) in the Town
Center project for Rockville, Md., as
an instance where the architect was
retained as a decision-making arm.

"We served as public architects for

public works," he said, "and in do-
ing so we helped set up the budget,
work priorities the whole public
works framework."

Geddes sees the role of the architect
as one to "absorb information and
give it back to community officials
in the form of physical proposals."

He termed the architect's role as
one of a "translator," in which the
architects work with policy commit-
tees of city, county and state which
bring forward proposals for govern-
ment centers."

Geddes characterized the Miami-Dade
governmental center project as one
which requires a different approach
from other projects in other parts of
the country. He said centers in cities
will be used as a basis for planning
the Miami-Dade project.

The question of design competition
for the center was brought up. C.
Frasuer Knight, president of the
AIA chapter, said the group has gone
on record favoring design competition.

George Reed, Coconut Grove archi-
tect, said that "only recently have we
seen mounting public interest in de-
sign. Architects, too, are becoming
more aware of this as well as the
news media."

He concluded that he favors a design
competition for such a project.

In answer to other questions, Geddes

The small architect does not have the
time or the facilities to carry on work
in public affairs. "Projects need ten-
der, loving care. And unless these
projects are built into the structure of
work." It's too big a job, he added.

It is natural for a city to have a down-
town area, but outlying areas play a
vital role, too.

The fact that people still want to be
together is a hopeful sign. "We have
to have interaction of people this
is the nature of human society." N

22 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / August 1969

The George A. Smathers Plaza
in Miami. The architect was
Robert Bradford Browne, AIA;
the contractor was Apgar &
Markham Construction Co., Inc.,
and the concrete was supplied
by MPS Industries, Inc.

The George A. Smathers Plaza, a public housing project in
Miami, won a Merit Award issued by the Florida Association
of the American Institute of Architects. The solution is a
cast-in-place concrete building complex, in which structure,
form and finish are combined in a single building operation.
Forms were designed to be moved in huge, completed assem-
blies, allowing for a greater perimeter and the introduction
of curves and angles without penalty. The exterior concrete
walls were stained and waterproofed with a transparent coat-
ing to allow the beauty and texture of the concrete to show
through, leaving it with a permanent "wet" look. Here again,
concrete provides the versatility, economy and permanence
required for modern construction.


Division of
General Portland Cement Company

1000 Ponce de Leon Blvd.
Coral Gables, Fla. 33134
Accepted As Controlled Circulatii
Publication at Miami, Fla.
Ft. Lauderdale City Hall
Architects: William Parrish Plumb &
Paul Robin John

University of Florlia Libraries
Gainesville, Fla. 10

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