Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Back Cover

Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00152
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: February 1967
Frequency: quarterly
Subjects / Keywords: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
System ID: UF00073793:00152
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
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    Back Cover
        Page 57
        Page 58
Full Text

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The Florida Outdoor Adver-
tising Association recently ap-
pealed to a legislative subcom-
mittee on highway beautification
to "circumvent federal restriction
on billboards in Florida by allow-
ing counties to zone 1100 miles
of highway roadside to commer-
cial use.
The Federal Highway Beauti-
fication Act, passed in 1965, im-
poses a 10% reduction of federal
aid to highway construction on
any state not having effective
control of erection and mainten-
ance of billboard advertising
within 660 feet of its interstate
and primary road systems. The
act permits such advertising in
commercial and industrial zones.
The obvious intent of this pro-
vision was to include established
and needed urban commercial
and industrial zones which these
highways commonly pass
through. Certainly there was no
intent on the part of our Con-
gress to include all the suburban
and rural areas of the country-
The Act includes adequate
provisions for orderly compliance
without undue hardship by not
requiring compliance until Janu-
ary 1, 1968 and permitting most
to remain until July 1, 1970. The
act also provides that just com-
pensation be paid upon removal
and that the federal share of
such compensation would 75%.
The Congress of the United
States, therefore, feels strongly
enough about the value of natu-
ral beauty to our nation, that it
has committed these millions of
tax dollars to restore and main-
tain it. But in Florida, selfish,
greed-motivated interests are ask-
ing that our legislature license

them to further depredate our
rapidly diminishing natural
The architects of Florida, who
by training, experience and sen-
sitive understanding are the plan-
ners of our visual environment,
recognize their responsibility to
the community and do, there-
fore, call upon our elected repre-
sentatives to accept their respon-
sibility and dedicate themselves
as responsible guardians of this
important part of our visual en-
vironment. We also suggest that
they will find many other selfish
interests within our midst, who
have and will, if permitted, con-
tribute to. further deterioration
of our irreplaceable and priceless
natural beauty.
The Board of Directors of this
Association has voted to take
steps to initiate a "Governors'
Conference on Natural Beauty."
The architects of Florida have
therefore accepted a challenge to
provide leadership to such a
movement. We recognize the
enormity of the task and seek
out the support of others.
To all of the many responsible
citizens and groups who are in-
terested in orderly development
and the future of Florida's beau-
ty, we issue a call to take a for-
ward step to these ends and join
the battle, with determination
and enlightened dedication.
To our Governor, we respect-
fully urge that he accept the
challenge and bring the full
force of the influence of his high
office to bear on the preservation
of all of Florida's natural re-
sources, and provide leadership
and support to any and all who
seek to improve our visual en-

oilcial journal
of Ieflorilae
ol Ihe amerlcan
insitlule ol


Hilliard T. Smith, Jr., President
1123 Crestwood Blvd., Lake Worth, Florida
Herbert R. Savage, President Designate/Vice President
3250 S. W. 3rd Avenue, Miami, Florida
Myrl Hanes, Secretary
P. O. Box 609, Gainesville, Florida
H. Leslie Walker, Treasurer
Citizens Building, Suite 1218, 706 Franklin St., Tampa, Fla.


Broward County e Charles R. Kerley / Robert E. Todd
Daytona Beach David A. Leete / Tom Jannetides
Florida Central J. A. Wohlberg / Ted Fasnacht
James J. Jennewein
Florida Gulf Coast Frank Folsom Smith / Jack West
Florida North F. Blair Reeves / William C. Grobe
Florida North Central Forrest R. Coxen
Florida Northwest e Ellis W. Bullock, Jr.. / Thomas H. Daniels
Florida..South Robert J. Boerema / James E. Ferguson, Jr.
Francis E. Telesca
Jacksonville o A. Robert Broadfoot, Jr. / Roy M. Pooley, Jr.
John Pierce Stevens
Mid-Florida Wythe D. Sims, II / Joseph M. Shifalo
Palm Beach Jack Willson, Jr. / John B. Marion
Richard E. Pryor
Director, Florida Region, American Institute of Architects
H. Samuel Kruse, FAIA, 1600 N. W. LeJeune Rd., Miami
Executive Director, Florida Association of the American
Institute of Architects
Fotis N. Karousatos, 1000 Ponce de Leon Blvd., Coral Gables

Donald Singer / Milton C. Harry / Lowell L. Lotspeich

Fotis N. Karousatos / Editor
Eleanor Miller / Assistant Editor
Ann Krestensen / Art Consultant
Black-Baker-Burton / Photography Consultants
M. Elaine Mead / Circulation Manager

THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT, Official Journal of the Florida
Association of the American Institute of Architects, Inc., is owned
and published by the Association, a Florida Corporation not for
profit. It is published monthly at the Executive Office of the
Association, 1000 Ponce de Leon Blvd., Coral Gables, Florida 33134.
Telephone: 444-5761 (area code 305). Circulation: distributed with-
out charge to 4,669 registered architects, builders, contractors, de-
signers, engineers and members of allied fields throughout the state
of Florida-and to leading financial institutions, national acrhitec-
tural firms and journals.
Editorial contributions, including plans and photographs of archi-
tects' work, are welcomed but publication cannot be guaranteed.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessarily those of the
Editor or the Florida Association of the AIA. Editorial material
may be freely reprinted by other official AIA publications, pro-
vided full credit is given to the author and to The FLORIDA
ARCHITECT for prior use. . Controlled circulation postage
paid at Miami, Florida. Single copies, 50 cents; subscription, $5.00
per year. February Roster Issue, $2.00 . McMurray Printers.

Inside Front Cover

by Donald I. Singer, AIA

by Charles Reed, Jr.,
Consulting Architect,
North Carolina Board of Education
by Charles Colbert, FAIA
by Robert L. Geddes, AIA

Revision Agreement Reached
Report on Fees

FRONT COVER--Harvard University's Carpenter Center
for the Visual Arts, designed by architect Le Corbusier. Class
shown in Design Fundamentals . a workshop course to
train students to visualize in space and develop sensitivity to
form, structure, space, text, color, and construction
experiments. *


February 10
Engineering Laboratories Work-
shop, 9 a.m., Langford Hotel,
Winter Park.

February 11
FAAIA Council of Commissioners
meeting, 10 a.m., 1000 Ponce de
Leon Boulevard., Coral Gables,
(FAAIA Headquarters).

February 23
FAAIA/Association Evaluation
Committee meeting, 10 a.m.,
Sheraton Inn, St. Petersburg
(6800 34th Street South, U.S.
February 23
Seminar-Florida School Systems
Project, sponsored by the Florida
State Department of Education.
Speakers: Dr. John Boice, Project
Director, California SCSD Project,
Stanford University; Heery &
Heery, Architects and Engineers,
Atlanta, Georgia; Dr. Harold L.
Cramer, Project Director; and
James Y. Bruce, AIA, Project Ar-
chitect. Time: Thursday, Febru-
ary 23, 1967, 9 a.m. Place: Audi-
torium of the Florida Union, Uni-
versity of Florida campus, Gaines-

February 24
FAAIA/FES Joint Committee
meeting, 9:30 a.m., Sheraton
Inn, St. Petersburg.
February 25
FAAIA Board of Directors meet-
ing, 9:30 a.m., Sheraton Inn, St.

February 28
South Florida Chapter of Produc-
ers Council meeting. Cocktails
6:15 p.m., dinner 7:15 p.m.,
Coral Gables Country Club.
Speaker: Dr. John N. Ott, chair-
man and executive director of
Health and Lighting Research In-
stitute. Subject: "Influence of
Light on Environmental Health."

March 10- 11
"Design Accomplishment Semin-
ar," sponsored by FAAIA, at
Thunderbird Motor Hotel, Jack-
sonville. (See page 12 in this

Commission on the
Professional Society
Clearwater, Florida
Committee on Chapter Affairs
Commission on Education 6 Research
Gainesville, Florida
Committee on Education
Miami, Florida
Committee on Scholarships
Ft. Lauderdale, Florida
Committee on Internship &
Continuing Education
Jacksonville, Florida
Committee on Licensing
Vero Beach, Florida
Committee on Research for Architecture
Task Force on Primary
& Secondary Education
Commission on Professional Practice
Lake Worth, Florida
Committee on Office Procedures
Miami, Florida
Committee on Specifications
Jacksonville, Florida
Committee on Building Regulations
Commission on Architectural Design
Tampa, Florida
Committee on Collaborating Arts
Miami, Florida
Committee on Housing
Gainesville, Florida
Committee on Historic Buildings

Commission on Public Affairs
Miami, Florida
Committee on Architecture for
Commerce & Industry
Palm Beach, Florida
Committee on Religious Architecture
Miami, Florida
Committee on School & College
Coral Gables, Florida
Committee on Government Liaison
South Miami, Florida
Committee on International Relations
Miami, Florida
Committee on Public Relations


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Chattahoochee, Town of Chattahoochee
Chipley, City of Chipley
Clearwater, City of Clearwater
Clermont, Lake Apopka Natural Gas District
Cocoa, City Gas Co.
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Delray Beach, Florida Public Utilities Co.
Eau Gallie, City Gas Co.
Eustis, Florida Gas Co.
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Fort Pierce, City of Fort Pierce
Gainesville, Gainesville Gas Co.
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Live Oak, City of Live Oak
Madison, City of Madison
Marianna, City of Marianna
Melbourne, City Gas Co.
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Mount Dora, Florida Gas Co.
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Ocala, Gulf Natural Gas Corp.
Opa Locka, City Gas Co.
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Palatka, Palatka Gas Authority
Palm Beach, Florida Public Utilities Co.
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Panama City, Gulf Natural Gas Corp.
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Perry, City of Perry
Plant City, Plant City Natural Gas Co.
Port St. Joe, St. Joe Natural Gas Company
Rockledge, City Gas Co.
St. Petersburg, United Gas Co.
Sanford, Florida Public Utilities Co.
Sarasota, Southern Gas and Electric Corp.
Starke, City of Starke
Tallahassee, City of Tallahassee
Tampa, Peoples Gas System
Tavares, Florida Gas Co.
Titusville, City Gas Co.
Umatilla, Florida Gas Co.
Valparaiso, Okaloosa County Gas District
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Winter Garden, Lake Apopka Natural Gas
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Winter Park, Florida Gas Co.


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uolumDla, lampa


Regardless of point in time, we are always
on one sort of threshold or another, waiting to
take four giant steps forward into the abstract
second chapter we have named the future. The
paradox of the future is that however well we
do at guessing what it will be and preparing
for it, when it comes we will more likely than
not be behind at the point of beginning. At-
tempting to solve the problems of tomorrow by
using today's context and frame of reference
is usually the largest and most consistent
stumbling block.
In this issue of the FLORIDA ARCHITECT,
the future is explored in terms of the training
of architects and the people who will comprise
the architectural offices, or their counterparts,
of the next century . a century which, it
might be well to add, may well bring about
problems in building of time differentials in
light years, of total energy systems, varying
gravitational systems, adjustable weather con-
ditions, total artificial food production, molecu-
lar assembly systems, and so on and so on. Add
to this the probability of a totally re-oriented
social-work structure and it makes one wonder
about the relevancy of a school set up to teach
the fundamentals of cast iron pipings and fos-
tering debate on "what is really pretty this
week in architecture." Complicating the picture
are the political and social bureaucracies which
institutions of any kind are always embroiled
in and which schools of architecture have no
immunity from.
The young lady at the left shown working
on a three-dimensional design problem at Har-
vard University's Carpenter Center for the Vis-
ual Arts follows a curriculum which has been
set up for her and her contemporaries by the
educators who are charged with the task of
preparing her for the next 50 years of her life.
The seal population of the arctic has been de-
pleted twenty percent in the past two years
alone by poachers. What we hope to question
here is, what preparation will be necessary for
what?, and how will the preparation be best
When asked by this magazine what signifi-
cant developments could be forseen in the
practice of architecture in the next fifty years,
Percival Goodman, head of the graduate design
department at Columbia University, replied:
"In the next generation . the growth of
the large firm to suit greatly increased scale of
commissions. There will always be the smaller
project, but the middle sized office will be
swallowed up. The generation following may
well revert to the older notions of the architect
as the individual artist designing the occasional
fine building. However, in both cases, genius
will do what it does."
Says Dean Jim Lendrum of the University of
Florida when asked what aspects of architectur-
al education in America today might be con-
sidered archaic, "I am not at all sure but what
the entire system is archaic. It never really was
planned. It just grew."
Donald I. Singer
Chairman, Publications Committee


By CHARLES REED, JR./Consulting Architect/

Board of Education/State of North Carolina

The work of Charles Reed, Jr.
is known to many people in
Florida, and especially South
Florida. After an association
with the office of architect
Igor Polevitzky, Mr. Reed held
forth his own architectural
practice until joining the
Board of Public Instruction of
the State of North Carolina in
1964 as Consulting Architect.



The fact that our buildings and
cities have grown increasingly ugly
indicates that there may be forces at
work that are not being considered
in the training of new architects. The
assumption is that architects do,
somehow, have a role in influencing
the prenature of the constructed en-
vironment. Agreeing with the assump-
tion leads one to the notion of beauty
as an unspoken ideal of professional
training. This writer once suggested
to a group of colleagues that to de-
liberately strive for beauty as a pri-
mary goal of architecture was an
obsolete and sentimental pursuit.
The historical notion of beauty is
no longer valid if it ever was. Be-
cause it is still the basis of the tradi-
tion that persists in the training of
new architects, much of our current
design is neo-eclectic. At a time when
all fields of art and science are ex-
panding and producing discomforting
questions, the trade school approach
to educating architects can be criti-
cally examined.
There is a rapidly increasing inven-
tory of understanding, based on stud-
ies beginning about fifty years ago,
that the effects of space and an en-
vironmental space/time continuum
are observable on people as well as
animals. It is probable that ill-con-
ceived interior and exterior spaces
can be biologically detrimental to
Perhaps the finely tuned artist-
architect has always been more
successful than not in defining by
intuitive means the most appropriate
environmental continuum. However,
most decisions shaping the construct-
ed environment cannot be made by
means of great artistic short-circuits.
More reliable means must be devised
so that the larger and changed role
of the architect can be justified in
conditioning biological response.

Already, many other individuals
and organizations governmental,
commercial, industrial free of the
educational and professional constric-
tions of the architect, are influencing
the prenature of the constructed en-
vironment with a high degree of con-
sciousness of their power. Usually the
architect finds himself occupying a
supporting role rather than a leading
one because of his general profession-
al body of knowledge and attitudes
limited to concepts of environment as
buildings only. He cannot achieve and
maintain a desirable image as an en-
vironmental expert unless he is allow-
ed a degree of specialization during
the training period. Actually, there is
specialization now because most
schools of architecture are oriented
to produce designers. Thirty percent
or more of the total credit hours is
devoted to design and its presenta-
tion. Another thirty percent is gener-
ally devoted to technique and math-
science methodology. The balance is
assigned to a limited view of history,
professional procedures and electives.
Some schools are now involved in
expanded courses requiring under-
graduate four year degrees before en-
rolling in professional masters cours-
es. This does extend the educational
period to six or eight years. But could
it be that the candidates will receive
just more of same five year program?
If we are to continue the trade
school approach, then curricula must
be altered to meet the circumstances.
For example, very few architects
spend much time involved with de-
sign. In most offices, design is in-
cidental to the completed product, in
spite of conversation to the contrary.
The greater amount of time and in-
terest involves production and man-
agement. This will continue to be so
for some time regardless of ne-

cessary newly evolving techniques of
representing building ideas. There-
fore, there is a need for persons of
trained talent in the vital areas of
managing the responsibility of large
sums of private and public money,
with emphasis on public because of
increasing activity in that sector.
Many good students are unreason-
ably relegated to inglorious status
positions or asked to transfer because
of marginal ability to coordinate hand,
eye, and imagination in design cours-
es. Some of these people could pos-
sibly develop into the professional
executives and managers that are
now needed in almost all offices. By
providing them with a sympathetic
and discriminating attitude toward ex-
cellence of design, they could go a
long way in providing and smoothing
the way for those with artistic archi-
tectural ability who generally are
somewhat inept in these other areas.
Now concerning the techniques of
building, an entire new group of pro-
fessional specialists is required who
are capable of realizing and interpret-
ing an incredibly fast-expanding body
of technical knowledge. This body of
knowledge is not limited to the man-
ufacture and fastening together of
hard and soft inert materials. It now
involves measurable quantities of
multi-dimensional space, light, form,
color, sound and qualities related to
the human biological and psycho-
logical response. No designer can any
longer be sure of his ground without
other architectural specialists to ad-
vise him. These advisers and partners
must be design oriented.
Another path that seems to hold
greater promise deals with the edu-
cation of comprehensivists, those who
have very broad, general knowledge
and are capable of conceptualizing
environment. Let us imagine a pro-
gram combination of university-pro-
fessional activity in which one has
the maximum freedom of choice and
movement between the life of an ex-
tended period of technical, artistic,
and theoretical concentration and that
of being paid for applying one's archi-
tectural knowledge. After enrolling in
such a program, one would be per-
mitted to advance at a rate commen-
surate with one's interests and
natural rhythm. At several points dur-
ing a one to eight or ten year con-
tinuous program or series of programs,
one could cross over into several de-
grees of professional activity with
certified competence. Certification
would vary from that of some form
of architectural technician to master
planner or constructivist.
Programs would be imagined as
corollary and cooperative with reg-
istered professional activities. Several

programs would be almost entirely
supporting building in practice.
Professional activities would now
be considered as curricula and uni-
versity activities as regularly available
learning and informational resources.
The active architect could freely cross
into the school program at scheduled
entry points and partake of a con-
tinuous program. This would allow
him to adopt a broad or specific ser-
ies of courses to suit changing needs.
He may choose to review past ground
in order to reinforce areas of profes-
sional activity that experience has
proven to be weak. Other or advance
certificates of competence could be
acquired depending upon one's need
for specialization or comprehensive
knowledge. The divisions that now
exist between student and practicing
architect, and between one profes-
sional and student generation and
another, would be minimized.
Various interest groups could con-

duct a mutually beneficial continuous
dialogue which may provide a com-
prehensive basis for conceptualizing
total environment. Various other re-
lated colleges of arts, sciences, pro-
fessions may be brought in on a ten-
tative discussion basis.
This total process would involve a
different look at traditional and habi-
tual university educational activities.
Courses of study would now evolve
around basic social needs for defin-
ing environment. For example, the
usual curriculum would become-
Communications (Language, writ-
ing, electronics, printing, graphics)
Ecology (Biology, anthropology,
conservation, geography)
Traditions and customs (morals,
Science (physics, chemistry)
Government (politics)
Arts, Music, Drama
Learning Resources (instructors,

professors, library, equipment, audio-
visual, college buildings)
It would be the hope that one's
generation of learning could be re-
inforced by continued involvement
rather than becoming obsolete be-
cause of a university background
heavy with specifics before their rea-
son fqE being could be appreciated.
It is necessary to realize the uni-
versity must first undertsand its own
organizational and administrative
shortcomings in which most learning
activities are seen to be convenient
and habitual rather than educational.
The university needs to rely on its
own vast intellectual resources for
which it is consulted and admired but
rarely believes in itself.
In an epoch when the idea of work
can no longer be the basis for social
organization, a university, conducting
programs the sole purpose of which
is to trade for market value, becomes
an anachronism.


City Planner/City of New Orleans, Louisiana

Charles Colbert, former Dean of School of Archi-
tecture at Columbia University, first delivered this
address at the recent FAIA Annual Convention in
Miami Beach. For the past three years, Mr. Col-
bert has also served as supervising architect and
director of the Office of Planning and Construc-
tion, Orleans Parish School Board.



I believe that my reason for being
here is to provoke you into comment
regarding learning as it is associated
with environment.
Let me start with definitions. En-
vironment, as I interpret the word,
includes all the sensory perceptions
we obtain from our surroundings of
inert material, living organisms, natu-
ral phenomena, and man-made as-
semblages. It is the aggregate of all
external conditions and influences af-
fecting our lives and development.
Learning is the acquisition of knowl-
edge for the purpose of improving
the condition of man on earth, par-
ticularly internal conditions and in-
fluences as they effect self.
Since I am neither scholar, his-
torian nor etymologist (evolution of
words), I cannot help being condition-
ed by the phrases and currents of
our time. With this preface I will
start by stating my concern for the
qualitative issue of our times and
proceed to relate this to our mutually

dependent cultural and educational
cycles. The automatic conditioning
influences of education as I know
them will be compared to what I feel
is a superior method, for progress
lies in individual learning. The essen-
tial element of "wanting" and the
appetites of the vitally driven, ego-
centric young barbarian will lead me
into the apparent contradiction of
"moral-materialism." This basis of
judging and being judged by our
handiwork, even our physical objects,
obviates the pressing need for a new
kind of learning and intimates a
weakness in our "university" system
of education. I will then timidly pre-
sent a utopian proposal for improv-
ing architectural education. It pro-
poses what I hope you will inter-
pret as a departure in the architec-
tural learning environment-a deep-
er concern for the total reality of the
objects we create.
It is with an architectural eye that
I view our social, political and eco-

nomic systems. Because of this, per-
haps, I continue to be amazed at our
tolerance for quantitative condition-
ing. Why even a trace of the qualita-
tive remains in our nature is in many
respects a mystery. Our psyche is
bombarded by public opinion polls
and so-called statistical facts. The
morning horoscope often appears to
be our only escape from the purely
quantitative statistic in the daily
For me the term "Gross National
Product" is particularly seditious. The
N.A.M., labor, my best clients, min-
isters, even my children cling to its
supposed revelations as though they
glimpsed a final moment of truth. If
anyone were so incautious as .o ask
for its natural corollary "The Net
Quality Product", we can imagine the
stunned reaction. Apparently quality,
since it is not finitely measurable, is
I am told that predictable measure,
with units like the cubic foot, is the
essence of all science. According to
our religiously accepted economic
statistics, such a measure related to
the dollar frees our human psyche as
well as our productive capacity. But
all human vaules are mercurial. The
cubic foot can contain inert material,
such as concrete, or, by my calcula-
tion, the thinking and idea exchange
(the cerebrium) of thirty or forty
human brains. These may vary from
Copernicus to Cassius Clay. Thus a
cubic foot might hold the physical
origin of all the really great ideas of
human history. But, the judgment of
value between inert matter and ideas
does not lend itself to specific

It is obviously difficult to quantify
the qualitative. It is equally neces-
sary. Especially for architects, who
deal in things of material reality (ob-
jects and artifacts), is a standard of
qualitative judgment is our only ulti-
mate reality. Our service to the up-
ward progress of man is otherwise as
meaningless as "The Gross National
Our personal definition of quality
is our measure. Our personal and in-
nermost standards of judgment rep-
resent our ultimate worth. It is very
probable, it seems to me, that the
value we place on understanding and
growth within ourselves will be more
revealing in the future than the mis-
interpreted remains of the Hotel
Deauville by future social historians
and archaeologists.
We are the captives of our en-
vironment and culture. A culture finds
its objectives and simultaneously
projects an educational system to
propagate them. Usually, a spiraling
cycle of educationally conditioned cul-
ture begets a culturally conditioned
education. Somerset Maugham is cur-
rently pertinent on this point as he
describes a rural people he had met
in his travels (before television I'm
sure). He writes: "Their peculiarities
had been given opportunities to de-
velop unchecked. In great cities men
are like a lot of stones thrown to-
gether in a bag; their jagged corners
are rubbed off till in the end they are
as smooth as marbles. These men
had never had their jagged corners
rubbed away".
This almost automatic cycle of
cultural-educational repetition is mu-
tually reinforcing and apparently can
only be broken by almost fanatic and
barbarously energetic iconoclasts and
non-conformists not those with
beards, guitars, buggered concrete
and Sartre under the arm, who softly
retreat into cosmetic rebellion, but
those with ugly jagged corners who
really believe that they know a way
to redirect the upward development
and happiness of the human race . .
even by the proper design of ashtrays
and buildings.
To break the automatic thought
reflex that so conditions us to what
is the barbarian in each of us must
search for sounder reason and the
latent potential at our individual core.
Joseph Woods Krutch in the "Measure
of Man" wryly says: "Perhaps Hamlet
was nearer right than Pavlov Perhaps
the explanation "How like a God!" is
actually more appropriate than "How
like a dog!" . Perhaps we have
been deluded by the fact that the
methods employed for the study of
man have been for the most part
those originally devised for the study
of machines or the study of rats, and
are capable, therefore, of detecting
and measuring only those character-
istics which the three do have in
We have every right and even the
obligation to revitalize our own

deeper potentials. If possible, it is
immoral not to be different, not to
do better. An adequate society should
demand it of us.
But, Krutch continues: "Any soci-
ety which not merely tells its mem-
bers that they are automata but also
treats them as though they were, runs
the risk of becoming a society in
which human capacities atrophy be-
cause they are less rewarded, or even
tolerated, as well as less and less
acknowledged. Every time it is pro-
posed that schools should undertake
propaganda along a certain line, the
question of the difficult distinction
between education in some old fash-
ioned sense and "conditioning" defi-
nitely arises."
Education today, its institutions
and organizations, is administratively
top-heavy and dominated by the so-
cial and professional conformist. The
hierarchy of righteousness runs from
city college to state land grant col-
lege to Berkeley to Yale to Harvard
to Oxford to, I suppose, God. But in
all our upward intellectual climbing
we fail to release the full potential
of men's fuller mental capacities. We
only direct and condition our students
for automatic social utility.
To paraphrase Lewis Mumford, we
are too often "seeking to do better
what should never have been done at
all." The group, the mean, the norm-
ative syndrome of the mechanistic
sociologist or professional automaton
is becoming the computerized educa-
tional objective. The inner individual,
the ultimate unit of measure, is lost
in the undercurrents of institutional
competition and individual compli-
ance. This failure is of ultimate mo-
ment, for in learning, the transcend-
ent tolerance of the ego (acknowl-
edging selfishness within self) must
always remain supreme. We are a
universe within ourselves and I
recommend the recent science fiction
movie, "Fantastic Voyage", to you for
free thought. Learning, coupled with
ego, is always the prime mover of
change. Alfred Norton Whitehead
writes: "The ultimate motive power,
alike in science, in morality, and in
religion, is the sense of value, the
sense of importance. It takes the var-
ious forms of wonder, of curiosity, of
reverence, of worship, of tumultuous
desire for merging personality into
something beyond self." This motive
power cannot be applied from without
but must be generated from within.
This is the challenge to you and to
Necessity is no longer the mother
of invention, if it ever was. Nor can
it be induced through the intermin-
able inculcation of factual knowledge
or the bait of financial gain, or even
the lure of the "Do-Gooder."
Krutch again makes my point for
me when he says: "Perhaps man is
not, first of all, a Reasoning Animal;
perhaps something else that he does
with his mind is even more obviously
unique than reasoning. But what,

then, shall we call this thing; what
is it that it is hardest to imagine a
machine doing for us? . We might,
I suppose, call it 'WANTING!'. Cer-
tainly even the stupidest man is cap-
able of desiring something, and the
cleverest machine, no matter how
brilliantly it may solve differential
equations (quantitative problems),
does not."
The power of "wanting" is the first
cause of learning. Education, to
achieve its purpose, must recognize
this essence of personal reward, and
relent in putting its faith in the auto-
matic right answer. Great, even simply
right, responses can never be auto-
matic. They must recognize the in-
tangibles and unpredictable of indi-
vidual character and drive.
Our institutions must differentiate
between education and learning. The
current rash of testing, supposedly
leading to a clear reflection of poten-
tial academic brilliance (including
such dead-ends as National Merit
Scholarships, and the omnipotent I.Q.
score) produce only the all american,
good-for-nothing, pseudo developed,
reflex oriented, conformist (A suc-
cessful "firm-man"). Instead of such
prepackaging programs, the task of
the true teacher is to take what he
finds and maximize the potential of
each individual. Conditioning, cate-
gorizing and labeling students for fu-
ture usefulness may be the purpose of
an executive, flight instructor, or
bureaucrat, or social psychologist but
not for a teacher. The building of
desire, want, the will to do best, cer-
tainly does not cannibalize personality.
If a teacher can help a student
"want", the student will "find" for
It is also pertinent to remember
that most great ideas and departures
from convention, occurring in the past,
have stemmed from what might be
called "a vital ignorance". The temer-
ity to risk playing the part of the fool
is a characteristic of almost all inno-
vators. (Wilder says: "For it is only
by taking a leap into the unknown
that we know we are free".) The
generation of adequate energy to
achieve a great departure or idea may
even necessitate a raucous and over-
developed ego. In any event, it is cer-
tainly usual in many innovators that
they verge upon cupidity and seem to
grow from a foundation of both arro-
gant importance and deeply intuitive
knowledge. This informed "ignor-
ance", tenacity and even rebellion of
great minds does not usually include
polished social graces.
At this point we must again be
certain that we understand the dif-
ference between education and learn-
ing. Education, is what is done to us.
Learning is what we do to ourselves.
The teacher who does not understand
this and puts any issue beyond moti-
vation and preparation for self-in-
struction operates in error. Above all
we must teach to want. Heredity
takes care of the rest.

Words are peculiar; so simple,
subtle and dangerous. Materialism"
is such a word. It is a word that
strikes at the core of our socio-politi-
cal dilemma, our architectural quan-
dry and even our own personalities.
It involves our urban wastelands, our
junk jungles and our department
store merchandise.
Originally the word was applied to
systems of philosophy which asserted
that reality consists only of matter, as
opposed to idealism. During the 18th
and 19th centuries it came into
prominence again with the develop-
ment of mechanist science. The twen-
tieth century has thoroughly degrad-
ed it for polite usage through associ-
ation with Marxism. It is almost as
evil as "intolerance" and "prejudice"
-and certainly more prevalent.
In general usage "materialism"
refers to a system of values by a
nation, class, or individual, which em-
phasizes money, commerce, comfort,
power, and possessions, and mini-
mizes art, culture, ethics and religion.
In contrast the word "moral" is
defined as that which concerns the
principals of right and wrong conduct.
It pertains to character, intentions,
and social relations.
Our times, our conditioning and
our culture make both words obtuse.
But together, in sequence, as MOR-
MORALISM, they represent for me a
deep hope for social, political, and
perhaps even personal salvation. As an
architect, I deal with large sums of
inert matter. I plan for, and some-
times physically surround, people,
classes and even communities with
materials only made possible through
human effort, suffering and death.
This responsibility is severe but even
more challenging is the knowledge
that my handiwork must eventually
release or restrain generations yet
unborn. For you and me then, as ar-
chitects, a brick has a moral com-
ponent as compelling of concern as
is mass and cost. Objects formed by
man do have character, intention and
social relations. They do have a moral
essence even if it is only through
The moral ingredient in the design
of artifacts and buildings should be
as evident as its shape. Further, it is
my personal conviction that properly
interpreted, and assuming the rarity
of individual responsibility for its de-
sign, an artifact or a structure reflects
a clear image of the purpose even
the morality-of its designer. It bears
a clear, hard, jagged resemblance to
the character of the architect.
The morality of the maker resides
within the material of the thing
made. Metaphysical, though it sounds,
an observable factor of MORAL-MA-
ISM lies within all man-made arti-
facts and structures.
As professionals, we must realize
above all else that we are judged, by

those who can, by what we do. Or
you may prefer to remember the car-
toon by W. Steig and say "I am
blameless." Perhaps architects should
have it tatooed on their forehead and
be embalmed with it there to join
their buildings in posterity.
Bergson, the French philosopher,
said "Material objects are necessarily
kinds of scoriae (refuse from melt-
ing pots) of the substantial thoughts
of the Creator, which must always
preserve an exact relation to their
first origin; in other words, visible
nature must have a spiritual and mor-
al side". Emerson put it similarly;
"Every object rightly seen unlocks a
new faculty of the soul. If reason be
stimulated to more earnest vision,
outlines and surfaces become trans-
parent and are no longer seen; causes
and spirits are seen through them."
Emerson goes on to say: "He (man)
is placed in the center of beings, and
a ray of relation passes from every
other being to him. And neither can
man be understood without these ob-
jects, nor these objects without man.
Sensible objects conform to the pre-
monitions of Reason and reflect the
The life-enhancing characteristics
of our works infer a moral factor.
The materials we use should be sub-
consciously translated into human life
and energy as we use them. To waste
human life is immoral. It is vicarious
murder. The phrase MORAL-MATER-
IALISM represents a concern for this
aspect of the design function. If it
is in fact a conundrum perhaps
will state it more precisely.
After fretting about quality, bela-
boring our cyclic dilemma on our
lives, holding forth the hope of a new
barbarian and puttering into the realm
of the mystic, I come to my more
immediate concern the state of
architectural education and our uni-
versities. Appraising our graduates
and the fruit of their womb, on main
street or roadside, it is time for seri-
ous appraisal and change . particu-
larly architects.
We must take a closer look at that
sacrosanct agglomeration of the west-
ern world THE UNIVERSITY -
that Frenchy Rosenberg's Italian Ha-
cienda boarding institution located
between Elysian Fields and Valhalla
near Paradise. It is the mysterious
American resting place of wisdom,
opportunity, truth, reality, equality
and hope; too seldom the burial
grounds of scholars and motivators;
and quite often the wallowing hole of
faculty incompetence, frustration and
poverty.To evaluate these Shangri-Las,
we must judge their presidents who
overview the cosmos of creation and
synthesize either state legislatures or
half a dozen corporate boards while
seeking out a few annual million by,
or for, organized athletics. Let us re-
view their interchangeable score card
point systems, their standardized test-
ing mazes, (moral-materialism, if you
will) on their physical plants and en-

virons for lusty and hopeful youth.
Let us study their admissions policies,
honor systems, anti-trust arrange-
ments, degree paraphernalia, and mil-
itary deferrment potential. Let us visit
their zestful faculty clubs and
thoughtful cloisters. Visit the AAUP
representative, read the tenure pro-
visions,"listen to the munificent don-
ors, eat in the stimulating environ-
ment of the tile-lined common's
cafeteria. Try to understand their
"confidential" multi-level budgets,
attend a family faculty tea. Study the
jungle carefully for, with all its faults,
and little deserving public respect, al-
ready, it still remains our prime lever
to move the American people to up-
ward development and happiness.
But what might a university be?
What might its least consequential
component, Architecture (or Environ-
mental Design if you really are lo-
cated West of Elysian Fields), be . .
with a little hope, vision, money, pro-
fessional support and risk-taking.
In investigating this yet untapped
potential, perhaps we should make a
few primary assumptions. Let us as-
sume that a University does not ne-
cessarily have to view all things, all
systems, all creation and the entire
cosmos simultaneously. Perhaps we
can set our aims with more restraint
and even limit our aspirations to an
in-depth, single field of thought, as
forming a system of self-inclusive
and independent organization. We
could limit our thought to a broad
physical end-product such as Archi-
tecture, or even Environmental De-
sign if we need a new ambiguity.
But here I must admit a preference
for the larger, more comprehensive,
if archaic term, Architecture. To es-
cape unfortunate comparisons and the
sly eye of the university establishment
we can even call our disinstitution an
Certainly less grandiose than "Uni-
versity", our "Archiversity" is also of
bastardized coinage. But by defini-
tion, it does connote a return to first
principles or point towards the state
of being first, principal, chief, a
turning to a state of pre-eminence.
It is even part Latin.
It would be wise in our new ven-
ture to cling to the financial umbilical
cord of a parent university much
as the medical centers have done.
But we do not command pain and
forestall death and will find it more
difficult to maintain autonomy in
these surroundings. We have no
choice, if we are to survive and grow...
we must escape, probably to the sub-
urbs or the anachronistic rural areas
There on a hill-top we will plant
our seed. We will stake-out our fu-
ture and establish our idea of what
might be as a single, but universal,
aspect of learning. The sign at the
entrance will read: THE ARCHIVER-


Our symbol will be a large black ball
- the admittedly limited and ulti-
mately physical universe of the ar-
In the beginning, as it should be,
we will be housed by only the sky
above and tents below. We will select
a Head Leader and with the archi-
tectural judgment born of painful,
building experience, give him a gen-
eral program and let him, as an indi-
vidual, design a material future for
our dream.
We can only hope that several im-
peratives will guide him. He will
select young-minded Leaders, regard-
less of age, for his faculty. They will
be adequately paid but given no
guarantees beyond annual contracts.
There will no academic title and an
individual can only be known for his
creative work. The Leaders will be
uniformly assembled because of their
egocentric thirst to learn, to under-
stand, to want. They will live in resi-
dence. Many will hopefully be bar-
barians and difficult to organize.
The Leaders will come from many
backgrounds of competence and em-
phasis, (academic disciplines) and
represent a near spectrum of total
human knowledge. Each, upon accept-
ing employment, will take an Ar-
chiblastic Oath (Embryonic egg) to
devote his energy, beyond necessary
ego satisfaction, to a deeper under-
standing and transmission of knowl-
edge regarding the physical accouter-
ments and surroundings of our physi-
cal environment. We will freely admit
the physical object as a natural end
or stopping point or way station to
polemics and controversy. Acts of de-
sign are interpreted to encompass
both objective and intrinsically per-
sonal and intuitive standards of judg-
ment. Objects will be related to their
creators and creators to their objects.
Collaborative intercourse will be cul-
tivated in all possible ways except
that the actual synthesis of all ideas
in an object or structure must be the
work of one prime individual and one
only. Collaborative projects and juries
of judgment (organized disharmony)
will not be permitted. Responsibility
of each evaluation will be fixed. All
projects will be separately discussed
by individual members of the faculty.
Grades will not be given. Each Leader
must develop one project annually
and submit it to the same treatment
rendered Learners. All must expose
their knowledge as well as their rate
of growth and synthesis. Time in resi-
dence is at the sole discretion ot
the Head Leader. Degrees and certifi-
cates will not be issued.
Learners will consist of graduate
and registered architects. This single
prescription will be adhered to, ex-
cept in rare cases where it may be
waived by the Head Leader. The
Head Leader is an Architect. All
Learners will agree to live in isolated
residence for one year. There will be
3 or 4 Learners per Leader. Learners

will live in temporary squatters camps
with huts designed and built by them-
The Archiversity of The South has
etched upon its symbolic black ball
three overlapping circles like Bal-
lantines Beer labels. One of the fol-
lowing words is inscribed in each
overlapping circle: LEARN DO -
SEARCH. The Leaders are required to
perform all three functions simultan-
eously. Learners will be exposed to
each as separate exercises and in
combination. In time Leaders may
choose to specialize.
To LEARN means to help others
teach you while you "learn them".
To DO means to design, execute, ex-
perience and evaluate actual artifacts
and buildings or perform support ac-
tivities related thereto. To SEARCH
means to return to first principles
and work forward; to anticipate hu-
man appetites and to search for deep-
er applicable knowledge concerning
physical things. It also means to read
and to look and to objectively judge
the handiwork of others . things-
not personalities.
Leaders of Architectural back-
ground (and licensing) will be ex-
pected to initiate working offices, for
profit, part-time. They will undertake
commissions for the Archiversity it-
self and for actual clients outside. In
the beginning, this phase of their re-
sponsibility will be within the Ballan-
tine Ring labeled DO, though it is
also presumed to include some
SEARCH and some LEARN. Learners
will work in offices and in classes in
all phases of LEARN, DO AND
SEARCH activity. As the Leaders grow
in prosperity and scale, their
tions in office and classroom will de-
crease and their DOING functions
will increase in the office. At a point
of mature development decided by
the Head Leader, the office will move
off campus to a new tent down the
hill. A Leader has thus left the incu-
bator, at least for the time being,
but he may still teach some. Medical
schools call such activity, teaching on
"geographic part-time". While the
Leader's office is a part of the Archi-
versity, it is called teaching on "geo-
graphic full-time".
Leaders and Learners will eat to-
gether. Married Leaders and Learners
may have homes down the hill but
admission requirements are heavily
weighted against marriage, at least
during the first year. Leaders repre-
senting primary disciplines in the
social, political, and physical sciences
will be allowed to teach as much as
half-time in other institutions, after
the first year; however, their prime
library and office must remain on
the campus of the Archiversity.
A few years after our tent Archi-
versity is in operation, a generalized
campus organization, or plan, will be
formulated. Thereafter all structures
will be designed and supervised by
selected Leaders through their private

offices, at conventional fees and by
conventional method. The continuity
of search, planning program, concept,
design, criticism, development, exe-
cution, use, judgment and extended
analysis, even direction, will be set in
motion. Based upon the experience of
the London County Council, the
world's greatest experiment in archi-
tectural-planning education to date,
the proposal is tantamount to using
the physical facilities of the Archiver-
sity as an experimental but living
cadaver. Continuous exposure, disec-
tion, experience, association and first
hand judgment will constitute the
basic design criteria.
Learners and Leaders will be con-
tained within the body of their own
creations. The non-illusory selfhood of
their own handiwork will be subject
to continuous analysis and self ap-
The current project system used in
our architectural schools will be car-
ried forward but with the essential
added dimension of reality and inti-
mate post construction analysis. Proj-
ects not located on the Archiversity
campus will uniformly be real projects
involving real inter-disciplinary ex-
change. All academic projects will be
undertaken as research or study grants
financially supported by recipients of
the service.
The Archiversity may be viewed as
a gigantic, interrelated, and recycling
aero-space activity. It is seated in the
ultimate reality of immediate chal-
lenge the end product itself. It is
a group activity sowing individual in-
centives. The real, the actual, the
immediate is tempered in a world of
overlapping academic disciplines and
contesting viewpoints. It is not a re-
treat to Utopia but an advance toward
the coordinated conceptual and build-
ing opportunities of our times.
Archiversity graduates will of
course graduate to a world quite for-
eign to their campus. But their ex-
periences and insights of a new po-
tential should lift them to a level of
performance much above their peers.
They would have been intimately ex-
posed to the wonder, the power, the
possibility and the contradictions in-
nate within physical objects. These
qualitative insights could trigger the
revolution which architectural educa-
tion has been approaching for so long.
It happened in medicine with the
Medical Center concept. It could hap-
pen to architecture. It is not remote-
ly utopian.
Our existing medical schools have
already gone beyond this limited
dream.Through pain they have achiev-
ed inordinate opportunity, respect,
security, and even governmental sub-
What can we do with ecstatic
pleasure and a real vision of what
might be! Here, in the Archiversity,
come one continuous human act. It is,
at once, the cause and the purpose of
our life.


AIA Education Research Project

Now midway in its assigned dura-
tion of two years, the AIA Education
Research Project will develop over
the year ahead curricula tentatively
rooted in a 2-4-6-8 approach.
"Although specific new curricula
and course descriptions will be in-
cluded in the recommendations of the
project, they are intended as illus-
trations of a method rather than a
model to be copied by the schools,"
Robert L. Geddes, AIA, project direc-
tor, explains in a recent progress
The 2-4-6-8 arrangement is de-
scribed in a section of the report
which says:
"A first draft has been prepared
of a projection for the overall gen-
eral structure of environmental de-
sign education. This draft is intended
as the basis for continuing discussion
and analysis during the coming year
S. .and will be developed into one of
the final recommendations of the
"The projected structure visual-
izes a coordinated series of academic
programs for technicians (2 years)
technologists (4) professionals (6)
and specialists (8). It is designed to
encourage the training of a broad
spectrum of skills to graduated levels
of professional responsibility without
restricting the diversity of the ap-
proach to education among the
"This scheme will allow people to
enter the field from a number of
diversified preparatory paths; to
change direction and emphasis during
their academic careers without severe
penalties; and to reach many different
kinds of stopping points in their edu-
cation before employment."
Geddes points out that the diver-
sity characteristic of environmental
design education in America is ex-
pected to continue but methods for
defining objectives, describing tech-
niques and evaluating results will have
been "clearly established."
Geddes, dean of the School of

Architecture at Princeton University,
is assisted in the $100,000 project
by Bernard P. Spring AIA, senior re-
search architect, Princeton. Architec-
tural schools across the nation also
have been involved in the undertak-
ing in one way or several. To date,
the Geddes report indicates, consider-
able information from the schools,
their faculty members and their stu-
dents has been gathered and ex-
Architects, too, have been part of
what Geddes describes as concentrat-
ed efforts during the first year
toward "the classification of the
problems and objectives of environ-
mental design education." This fall,
however, the scope has been widened
to include clients and members of
other design professions.
The report tells of planned meet-
ings with "representative clients" and
education consultants "in order to
further clarify the needs and direc-
tions for change."
To date, however, it is the schools
that have had by far the most in-
volvement with the project. Many of
the schools, influenced by the work
of the research staff as well as by
the increasing dialogue developing be-
tween themselves, are working out
curriculum changes or hastening the
implementation of changes already
The report says the project has
defined major problem areas in ar-
chitectural education, developed a
preliminary "structure" for educa-
tion, enlisted the cooperation of some
60 schools in the project, charted
113 curricula (existing and proposed)
from 79 schools, obtained statements
from representatives of 70 schools,
conducted a study of design education
developments in England, made grants
available to eight schools for studies
of project interest, held conferences
with architects and obtained records
or reports of salient discussions
among students at 11 schools.
Project plans entail the continua-

Robert L. Geddes, AIA, is
Dean of the School of Archi-
tecture, Princeton University,
New Jersey. Mr. Geddes was
asked by the AIA to undertake
this vital research project.



tion of many of these activities,
among them the conferences with
architects, over the coming year.
The major problem areas as de-
lineated by the project are con-
tinuity, or education on the nature of
the environment beginning in high
school to continuing education for
the practicing environmental designer;
scope, which involves a balance be-
tween breadth of understanding and
depth of skill; method, or the widen-
ing of scope without excessive exten-
sion of time in training; reality, or
the practical difficulty of keeping in
balance preparation for dealing with
today's problems, flexibility to meet
the challenge of change, and a vision
to anticipate the future; number, or
the problems attendant to the devel-
opment of designers sufficient in
number to serve society's needs.
Grants of varying amounts totaling
$15,000 have been offered to eight
schools to help finance special studies
which Geddes says "are aimed at the
crystallization of educational ob-
jectives in specific areas."
St. Louis' Washington University,
for example, is investigating techno-
logical education in the schools. Vir-
ginia Polytechnic Institute will pre-
pare detailed descriptions of an
introductory two-year sequence for
architectural students.
Oklahoma State University is in-
volved with another sequence study
as pertaining to an integrated pro-
gram; the University of Kentucky
with a joint architectural-engineering
curriculum in environmental design;
the University of New Mexico with a
rational basis for determining form;
the University of Oregon and the Uni-
versity of California at Berkeley with
analysis of a new, rigorous program
of programming and problem solving;
the University of Virginia with objec-
tives and methods of research archi-
tecture in a program combining the
social and physical sciences.
One of the architect contacts the
project has made, according to the
Geddes report, was a day-long con-
ference with 20 leading architects. All
participants during the meeting filled
out questionnaires, and Geddes said
analyses of these gave "a rather clear
picture of the changes in academic
training and apprenticeship that this
group of practitioners would like to
"There was great emphasis on the
need for more intensive training and
specialization in areas of practice be-
yond what is commonly called con-
ceptual design. In a roundtable
discussion, each participant gave his
views of the most significant issue:,
that should be considered in planning
curriculum change."


SThis drag line is
quarrying limerock
at the Florida Port-
land Cement Dade County Plant
near Miami. Combined production
of this plant and the Tampa Plant
accounts for the greatest per-
centage of all the portland and

masonry cements manufactured
in Florida. In addition to utilizing
Florida's raw materials, Florida
Portland Cement contributes sub-
stantially to Florida's economy by
material purchases, plant invest-
ments, operating expenditures,
payrolls and taxes.




FEBRUARY, 1967 1

- -

Iia~k~~rww ii



'Itv i chv

-rv v" s --,--- .I- -------

N &

The FAAIA has coordinated the
SEMINAR as part of your "continu-
ing education program."
The intent of this educational semi-
nar is to indicate the effort and corre-
lation between "Design" and "Ac-
complishment." To achieve this
intent, the seminar will utilize the
Gulf Life Center, a 27-story tall build-
ing on a 12-acre St. John's River-front
site across from downtown Jackson-
ville. The building is also the tallest,
pre-cast, posttensioned concrete struc-
ture in the nation.

Presentations by the panelists will
place emphasis on design and how
various offices and people resolved
the production of the design. There
will be no staging as such. Panelists
will "sit with" participants all on the
same level in a juxtaposition. A high-
light of the two-day seminar is a com-
plete tour of the Gulf Life Center on
Saturday (buses provided).
Jan C. Rowan, editor of PRO-
be the dinner speaker.
All participants are urged to be
present both days of the seminar and
to attend all sessions. The registration
fee of $17.00 includes two lunches
and the dinner. Table-top exhibits by
Producer Council members and other
invited guests also will be featured.
Regardless of whether you are a
principal of a firm or an architect/
employer, your place on March 10 and
11 is in Jacksonville at the Thunder-
bird Motor Hotel (5865 Arlington Ex-
pressway). Room reservations should
be made directly with the hotel.

Registration forms to FAAIA mem-
bers are in the mail now.

FRIDAY -MARCH 10, 1967
8:00 AM Registration / Coffee / Visit Exhibits
9:30 AM Prologue: Introductions
9:45 AM CLIENT: Approach, Method, Problems
Henry M. Schley, Vice President-Building,
Gulf Life Insurance Company
10:15 AM Audience Discusison / Jan C. Rowan, Moderator
10:45 AM Coffee Break / Visit Exhibits
11:15 AM ARCHITECT: The Design and Concept Story
George S. Hammond, Project Architect,
Welton Becket & Associates
12:15 PM Audience Discussion
12:45 PM Cocktails (Cash Bar) / Buffet Lunch / Visit Exhibits
2:00 PM ENGINEER: Structural- Mechanical Innovations
Richard Bradshaw & Associates
3:00 PM Audience Discussion
3:30 PM ARCHITECT: Production & Administration
George S. Hammond, Project Architect,
Welton Becket & Associates
4:30 PM Audience Discussion
5:00 PM Seminar Recesses
6:00 PM Cocktails (Cash Bar) / Visit Exhibits
7:30 PM Dinner
8:30 PM Speaker: Jan C. Rowan, Editor
8:00 AM Coffee / Visit Exhibits
9:30 AM CONTRACTOR: Problems & Difficulties
Wilbur Glass, Vice President, The Auchter Company
10:00 AM Audience Discussion / Jan C. Rowan, Moderator
(Busses will be provided)
12:45 PM Cocktails (Cash Bar) / Buffet Lunch / Visit Exhibits
Client / Architect / Engineer / Contractor
3:00 PM Audience Discussion
3:30 PM EPILOGUE: Moderator, Jan C. Rowan
4:00 PM Adjournment

A correction should be made to the Organizational Chart which
appeared in the January issue of "The Florida Architect."
James Y. Bruce is Chairman of the Institutional Design Committee.




,0-ft moo ME V
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4" A
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Aa tdopted *164 Al at OW 90

ARTICLE 1. THE ORGANIZATION e,.d iabill Associationis the State f
Section 1. Name.
a. The name of this piga=tion ii the Ft4uvj c. _'ne domain of:the,,jke&ii:hA.zbe.,a:s,.dcsignated
by,.: th _1 titute.
Aisom!rx& 0rAxcmTxcTs Or- TnwAmiiUCAN I e, ns
-profit in corporate, State 0 r, is:
oF ARcKrTECT&,.,INC., 9, TIOn c & J$c memberft orgairA itolnemers, Roarcl
ganization chartered by The American Institute of Atchi- of Directors, (bcrein.caHicd*hd Board), officers and cora-
tects and 1he Stite. of FWda-, however,. excepting for mittees with dues, privileges andclassifications. of n'1eT*_
ents, prxTty tmrida an&lransactiow,, -responsibilities of the Bbtrd and
reports to, governtu bership; functions and
requiring legally -correct identification, the-name for, committees; and the qualifications and duties of officers,
CommUff use shaHbe oontracied to: Florida Association- An as set fortk hereinafter.
of TU Arnerim: Institute
Ii. In: these bykvnthecorpmation is called theAiso -ARTICLE, I t, A-EMB IP -
ckdon, the American Institute of ATchitects.Thel."Stitute, soction 'I.
and the Articles, of Pkeincorporat"., the Chartorw and Members Emeritus-
,All Corporate Memb
Section % Purpows. '6f all.Chapters or Sectious of IMap" the Americai
1. Ustitute of Architects within the State of Florida $bail
o6 The pui n orga-
'poseof the Associatio shall be bl:
automatically be Members of the Association.
:nze and unite in% feflo"hip the architects of the State of
'Florida. to combine their efforts so as to promote 'All-Trofmsional Associates and Associates of all
aes het
't it, ici6ri he American, Insti
and, racticai efficiency of th 'Chapters, or Sections of Chapters of P
fession;jo 2dv I ance the scien ce a nd art of planning tute of Architects- witJiin the State of Florida shall auto
qcia and Associates of,
buildixig byadvancing.the-.standard of architecturalodu.. inatically be:.ft. al tes t
cation, training and.prattleet, to coordinate the bdffding
industry and the profession of architecture to.iasnre the:
advancement of the living. standards, of out people through
A 4rchit ctural school or conege:in
their improved envMinmW4 'and to make theprofessi6n student m an, I e
of ever-increasing service -to society... the State. of F1or*_wh1D is a Student Amciaft of The
lt The Association 40 function as.* staknMe Institute is a Student Associate of the Association,
representative of an unifyin body for thelvailoristh p 1 b! : The Association or any- Chapter may estaVish
an spo en -tm in
d wor t Chapters in schools of archito.
tm and, Sections of Chapters of Th& American Institate
Florida under condition established by The Institute.
:4 Architects chartered within the Staft of Florida on
-.,.,:Matters 4 statewide and reporial.mWest affecting.th& When spoimrship is by a Ch*m the StudotiChapftr,
interests ofsch::Cha$ :,4n is related to-ffie Association thtougli the_spotsqnn
Chapter. Whw the Association sponsors a $6deut Chap.
C., lie Associatic;,. = and, lend money- and. < -z"r, the Tdationship will bed*tlywit1tAhe',8oard.wbich
own. property or ovable, a4 7'
ex activities, which: may be Mcidental to'. any wW. -wipervise the preparation of its mwtitution A04 by-
engage in. oth I'm nd obtain approval 4 them from- The Institute,
of the:,ab6vepqrpows
4.1 The. Association May: get, as trustee for.i&, Sakthm 3.-, Aft4imbet Smeritum.-
ShTs, endowments ortrusts:::of philantfixopc nx A rnembii,, 4o qualifies- for stptus as Member 19,men
ev is: enummatlon 11 9 purpos be con- tus of The- Institute, sba'll he a Umhvrxmritus of Ittr
stl asarn orresWicting in any marmbir the poiveft- Association and "I be exempted from payment- of dni0h,
of this Associa 'but the Association shall have all 4 thc. _Wt his rights and Privileges, benefits and o
powersand4atbority which full membership shall remain, unabridged
profit, corporations under the.proviisionsof.tha, ws Vt
the:State of Florida.. 4. Nonorcwy- Okum
picnou cemi& -cbar ",6` _not 19
of est, s, Igi.
Sectlon 3. Consposition. ble for orpo b
conw .0 has rendered a to -flw
7%e, Association 914 f At rn rs ...of distir setvM, '-*i
Te chaptti 'IQ tions or M ",'IWrNteCtnre-o _"to'6_ and xie011a
the State of F1 may bee e an- Honotaiy Amd4w_
14 THE

16, M& nowag IAC'Hoaordy Amociatc and Anocft -iu
Wow, 'tAO
A* of avy, owmftte of the
W BMd _M
vW by lbr uominat" .,add the ExMil.

ift 'SMM m affajxs In 4dditiuu, the
"e as iohafiissn ofsueh
o*ua if tb- -a
m at my meeting, of the
_:w lalititr
aod tb Ow
vfft qi# oi
bessal at Meft_ -busi"M Of the 6 t u t-, o r f] h te v o m -
An 140ow WIA641' 6f flw',Aap-6-
Ot, bola jj#jpr 4 dired IR-
Am 6 -4 JoPak Aw

'Ad AM;M
U _ni4 not voio f&_Fcat nor

1 S ga iaiwl
A"`-a Am- "W'doub

lu shau 6f 'a', me, w-, Ilw- admftw --POM- -an 6m-
a -bw
-rw Zljaa togwl 'I Da
401f the r c
0!=0014 hall
,*,AsaO.qatioq, ,alid The bltr_

kj6il vid
tD the Aj*#4 Qpi
WretO'ADf usulok U
A W $W_46 _

t3y At
i* at ak *k,

wi AW
A h lu
'Ai Ifte

''fis*4 0
ltip_ Of
be li It "10

too$" 1*)Vol*Wl -0
-Mi.W R vbi-,_
A d"'Jolf _Tl

of the Zoar& sWU include'such committee and $06" _14t4w.
special reports as the Board deems aNsable.- MW -C a,
V -by _,affiM1aSo_** 'Oe by
f. Approval by the Convention' of- the, Annual- Re- roll-call, is-ri6q*(W 7
ports -and the recommendation,& c6nta ed, the shall a roll- caU, vote
CODStitftff COOV.MbOn MdO=ment -of- the pohcies and e 4101:
sban -W- the votes;-ior-:,
proposals reflected by the report_ -his -
0 e-A, 'i
New Officers for tht-,ons= ejeW Vut Chap" shall not b& *q-6ir6dj 'Val Tu
to succeedthose whose terms, are about to fn!pire, _%06pfer may Vote-, P-ro C.
(1) Nominafion shall be made Aun'ng_ the ''first offic& of the, Aisi*idtioii'" be u~
businem stssim-bfthe Convention.
The- uaminathig-eommiftee sw rt its -the Shall
nominations to'the Convenf ion following' which"nom I iba- event of a tic.
-the R64-, I tjjc Nomiij PAN
tionsmay' be made _froiil. Mlmuni AM Tp I Nk4 or_
Committee fiu& the membtr wminated'frora, Roo U t ep& bYL
eligible to hold office and his nomination is. se"_ ` b Hal Cqqv6 it Pt: _f
Y_ io
twor ameditea Aelegates from Aiffotera Ch, ciafitu- iw' _t1w _1GOO _WYA,
he is n6niin-ated for ce. -of atli
(3) In the event no contest devele o 'deci- -sWl be b the conc g-, V,,A
,ps, the acftqu- I Sion
6tay bc declared- by acOanuition.
A "norml'i for a -weeimg- jlic` Ms-
,Jfl, For' contested elections, voting 4h
ballot tousig o nor, ss than, lp9T
ballots-made available to, a, legafi6n: _boi:
shall -b en- f'r after whi a nweti ffi least" o
e op for voting noflds ftu-Jont hours ng ere is at,:! W-1,11 One
nominations "have bm--elo's -Mmber ftum a rity 44 C -*,
President shall an-nmmm the reults of Sli L
_,W tiug at the *t b4isines Smio-4_ e,
26d declafi_- all, elections.
$"Oon, 7.
56dian ;2. $pockC
a, A special-meetiug of t1fe AssoaiatjonrShAhe held
if W theref9r, Oating is ruadt
Inc bY,
d, by concurring vo
(2) Te Row te of t*,nF,4:b
the Board.
(3) Not Im than one-half -of _WeChi4pterk-Orov
%chsnch`Chapter-ha6`obtafned fhe" co" of
thantwoAhir& of,
Ot --1ntmbeWTip'.of its
afely force again.,
mAing body:-
(4) written petition to the Hi)aed signed -by- n
Amnat W., #q,4v OF-WO 0" 0' 0",4"
less than tvvrnty-five per cerit--- of -tbe total -blimbo -Of
xnembe6 in, -good, standing of Jht Moqiatio#.' -Soatolft- 1'. -Mlainu
1 be'- I a. Thm -sh*- b 2 t6 wl-ot
te, Wl-
-"nder ffie same' xule governing i laws reftrp6etd,
Wation. 'J,
v; of,40,00 fes- ft* tAeb C O`rvdvef 4wciorlil
e- the samen for the-. list preceding C,6&0itiOM
4D _`,Ojj lod
C A mew Chapter s4sc"enf- _,
pmYiow Convelwou G)641:6
M danc the' Se Mcb
Cbq60tftt6-N1=betwin 604'sWadtag f ifteen -ckyi
TO, -_imm z
tile speC,31 Meeting,
t b.
of *e flW
'Notice Couv6pfiod w _r
Msocialiousball,'-e s a by,
fhp Asspelafion erqrjug Af 1)
ofice ofr ffit. d
1*ejq W, ;ach,,
not 1* Q_ &Ys dor 1006WN9, jt4, A*W
before, such iTie'etin
set" 4.1 RUNS Of
Ml`jo s iM conducted W,
S Anles of Ordei.

44,ochim* Z'

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"lik WIVM-1
-Out ven



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1111,111, Jill

a *.I-

............. . . . . . . ..........

gatts it- each annual meeting and other
swract:-P. its recording, spatta y-aird its ODMVonding and td'the
secretary atid, at the se t9y. of t46- mce6ff, t1 Association if required.Each report shall -
oard And: Execu ouum e sball-, .:desen anc a.
ciatibul.1the B ve"C H; fin ial condition of the Association
vrerfUrin,Ahe: dAitieSns" and incidental-to his office and ';Omparison of the, budget to appropriations'as of I the "date,
the duties that are r to be perform of the ed by the law,. ePort, the income and dqicrrdjtur,2s: for the pcxloa,,,
the Charter tkee- bylaws atid- -fttR*_ PX the repor4 4ud -ft T-reamrerls: -ieeorri I mendatiuns ou
to. imby the Spiro financial matters,
-Specific Duties, ofthe. C. -of le Treasurq., The' Treasurer, per- -
WWI bf P, r 40na Y, sha0 not be liable fot-any decr6ave o0he
ctitdy_ rY__ capitaL
I in ome., balanceor reserve of an fup& A(=uut71,-
and ShA safeguard and shall keep miorderan":--_0 us c Or
I : I - of his acts performed in'
0401* of the:. Association, cmept thatproppr Anp Y
,with 'itsulting from any good
-wlii& theTr rer- is charged. ponducting the usual business of his office.-AWen a uew,.,,..
(2y- Issue No-fices. "fie shafl'be 'iespon'slue for! the Jr=uTcr takes office, the retiring treasurer shall ,C)Vtr
b6h 41-id. issuance notices and 0 calls and to his successor a copy of the dolt' audit of the tteasuq
notices Of 411 t666finjs of: t6-Assoda#on, the' and all -the records a-ad books-of a;coujit 4nd-9 I nione
the Executive securities, and other valuable items- and,, PaIr-r-S belqA&g
to the Association that are in his custody and possc n.:
(3) Coadiict- 0, spotiA
om erfcp,4d Maintain Records.,
He sh I a] I conduct the. co frespoudence, keep the m ber The incoming treasurer shall cbeck the
correct, shallgive the retiring treasurer tect
minutes, annual reports. 6 4fi8ref0t
6hii Poll arid corporate records,
a ily
S and a complete-'release of the retiring treasurer froin
and:-Sign Papers., He shall, keep the Wability thereafter with respect thereto,
-thle-Association afid- affix it on such inshum"WU as
A. Delegation of Duties. The Treasa may not
roquire, i an sign.-. all pa -11"
_,,,that prc the attest
4gPi6vaI vu flw Association ,gothorize any person to sign any financial iristrumeri4l
oil A 11,C
flfice or agreeme t of the Ass6 fb XeqU
repam the, lRoird's- AqmlatReporL in c'olla siguature of the Treasurer, uuSL Such:
Oori b the Offic(,rs-cffthe ation, be shall piepar pitssly pernlitted, b -A)t
theAnUUal:rep6kf.-oi the ...... ht e Board, but he may delegate to' asitl" T.17 -AJVJEM,
(6)_ meetinv, Hd I have charge of all rnatte* rniance, of the clerical, bookknil'stg,
to the. or aod', of ficj
Arr Iectiri& and recording work of his
designated assistants to sign, uiidej
&Ies, records voucliers reccipt
7);:: S41e shall 6b n from all Chapters of -anzi otli
Tbe AmeriOn Institute of Architects in, the $tate of Flor- _iUch is not prohibited by the- bylawsT
ida Febru tiolls -.alld
bT ary of each year the name"L Tke, Tmsurer s1fall, serve term:-Of ou&, j&.
addresses of all the Cliapter-Covpoiate, Professional Asso-:
so0ates an rh&n-tas in good
ciatt-s-, As d E Members Standing v4vt
the fik jahinry of that year.
o st day 44,
C Delegatiorf, of lb es, Delegation
sice o us uties five of the ccre_, Uotkbn 1. Composition.
I is the -preroga
-4 t _h 4all ri .There shail be an Ekecutive Oonililitte`,Df-
arY, owevff he s. ot delegate his responsibility for, the So4d
j*operty, ot:the: Association, or affixing the sa of the co osed of the Presideut,,the P
Aw ti Ah ki of any attestation or ccrtifjca -President), the Secretary, the Treasurer, the-]D* ,-Of-
fibn requiii6d. to Ix given "by' him, or, the signing of jj the Florida Region and the immediate, Nstrrf balN
shall servtou the Executive Committee the-year'fl QWM
Se Cct. r serv,,e 4:16*
d. The, "Y hi -term as President.
2. POW46rS D66"d to
Sectiom6 5. T" T Iii1r6r,
Tbc Executive cominittee sbAu ha)r6, h4v
ral Nties of the Treasurer, The Treasurer' -
Aight a d power to act for the Boauf &n
gol be an administrative officer of the Association and 6'veen Board meetings on O'matters excepfjh*jt I
iliall exercise general supervision of its financial aff lrs"_.
the records and books of account thereof. He',
49'ePing e (1) adopt a gencral 'budgb,
shall assist the Finance and BudgetL Committee, to piepu
hall 2 rifles of Bi6i4i
q, -the budget, collect amounts due the Association and s :,*nge -the: politiop
"havve the custody of its securities, funds and moneysmaking_".:;'. -bylaws;
3) makc an oA 'nor,
t4qdisburserneuts for the AssociatioVk therefrom. He shall a
ve charge of all matters relating' tor insurance, taycs,, 4 purchase, sell, lease, or 4* cate
bon& dris ments a d ppers involving firtaricial traM_
n propertr,
actiqhs,, He shall conduct- the correspondencerolatk Jo_ '(5) form an affiliation;
hit' diti I sign all instruments of the Association'
(6) fix assessments qn -249 -04
ofi'his signature is required, and perform 411 4ntici
shall be allowed to act'forf
reqtt t6 'be performed by bi by law, tbet bylaws,
plaing tqatterS
and the duties that., are:. properly assigned to him bv the
ifically to it ()-Y XWO-t" OW,
-Rep6rts, 0 theVf6irer, The' Ti6er i4all S-cfion 3. ',*r
rt to the- Board 04
Maie- a writtenrepo ts, rep ar rneetirip Tbe, L

JL-Iea ond Accouuting F-4n .- He''da coo,
hAAO legaTOO accounting hinctiom 'Of- the Mstioil
otni cafty Out dbectivft:Of tbe,'BOW.'
Jw A quomin of tw6o-tj "to
U"Sary to hunct tm Futchons with-S
Coio;, 41W
---dt the t%0646vt the Flmida
Iiih V U-I'Atlin `090ctiv'_ 'With-
,PaPX4 Of-Mc subject -to, the dhv -and
C,_ ..Iu 9260ittwe go n 4 -the officem of the
Oder Am
tb fh AXOiiMv* 0040i*-

moo4,0i; Otoolluk,
7 WIN Otmatv t0i tile gxebutfe Ditectm
-40, ,
ftExePutive DirectqT 49 the

:Tit w*jenw pov-
prqs'4't,- of, -tho, Am6ciafion'
The -administxiOvi:
-,in tbt dj'=,o M 60 _
the Dfitdor
&`Mploy 4a iepw 10,- _,gvm:a4vim =d bwAselle-Ahe,

an related to- tbt or the ]Pmt***L b*,
A DO 0 -&Mt jj$

W4 ow P

-hia eXOCOtiV, DffKO:bf the Aid AA
-AiAve, -An awgmxerA of the' Of At *"'ft'A
Uu% ubject to 0 41tbe -- I
80ai,& and thes4ffT6n of 0;61'
Jk _Ilan
owe Sawa
_W W '01
the respqgab its

t6 Lbjp
'Ojai" Oj cItMMUJS I
h' 4 the MW tov, pf ,Mff ice 4,
'Sot ;It, e In"
-flKAX; fi Ii 'M --of The As$*-

w A traW
th6ft Of
OP'T 3w US06ftL W "Ch

ttiiioit i*d Aw tl
4 w ..... .....



Year -,hdll be-presented totAe,13 rd
'e.: -The, Co issioti on: Pf6f 69 pki666e AA 'fistal' oa at',its--Jtgular
jurisdictionmer counna yofaqctimx t4OfttD meeting immediately prior to the,. Couv4phuo. of _the
die practice of architectum.:,.: Association for Board approval. and lqid _The &VY,
chairman for the- subsequent fiscal y,ar
Tle CommissicM on Architectural Design shall
jurisdiction over committees whose functions, relate at a business WWiup of the prcccdi#j
:to..arcbitcctural design. f. The- President may.' at any tivke- ftcontiriUC11W,
'e. Ile Commission ou Pitblic Affaim shall have Cial COMMd "S, L alter classificatiqut, ort pukpL a* _,dmo
jurisdiction over committees -whose functkms, relate-. in'the pers6xula -Of SO"* J 64 ao it-
public affairs o govemmental, relati tik* std jepmt 040 acti6n", J
f. A list of Commission-Cpain ittee"jurisdiction shah
be published in the Rules of the Board or in a'suppla- ww
Mentmary publication thereof. of tbe Chapter O*vitte_peif onrnng.f be 14=tiong
of tte Association Committee at the
S"-Hoo 2- Komlnwlnq canuffltt".
Thm shall 4-N 4nitte
'V6 Association
duty shall to nomi ate mem tih good
gional commiftes,' of Special Committem retluired- for n
The Institute, the Chapter'aud'the. Qoc
specific -short term wthitici 6UtheA.%6d&6On--gUdStM& to becoUle toffieeWLifi7 the lot'
ing Committees,, est;tblished bylaws, of tWo types-
bythese, Of ft =' about -'tb *be vacata
FAAIA Standing C*mMft&ft WWdisem
(1) The B qazd, at -16A sixty dqrs befo
Rxcial needs, of the Association and zoopenft With'sinom
tion of thc'Assodiati6a tlect diet-166"*hQ*'AW"l-
-Chapten. orSm
committees of the tiom of, CbVters, of riOrn
posed -of chairman an
The Institute located in the S.tabeof FI(Xida. 'an _-M
gc hl,(Jl 4M AvgH
P 3T `)%
e Corporate
(2) -'Standing CorrunittiDes which are eiquhndent
shafl b
those Chapter and 4nstitute 6ornmittets with similg tides
c. The Comwittt-`-,,hall the
and duties.
their nominations, prior to the,
b. Regional Judichaw,09
tio and shall report their nomirlAfioo
cimy Comm con
itee shall duct initial he s on, 4 -first. b6sW smsio,
Of uuprofessioual conduct agains`t*C
have beeft
the As,(CigtiQn it-by,` ao 4
Institute and which h Shall be, aUCWjft""*4'
hearing -on
--- _% 4,
to the bylaws and Rules of theIR of ihe_ on c6iftl 4&_11"' '_W F
'nie Rcgimal Judiciary Committee shall"N,- wra-
14M -o$
a. Them shall be 1011
posed of three Corporate Members, elected to senv (*tt WoW dl#y Shagbo to p;gwer`t
for the
gered three year ternA and an AhmiRA,- elected. to Serve
a one ycar term-Members and Alternate shall be peObc a
in" gow standing ifi, The, lustif6fp, sball blxb'tn'-r t
are SCrVing or ave SirVIO
chapters if) the Region, the R00onal h
Director nor Offloers of the C6pt6v, lie-_" or 4*
Offied in the -Asmfir 4
.:7,The Institute. tW Bo.
C. Special Committees mayi be.creat64, 1* tho Presi
by, the Boar& When "created- 1[ the Lp re$r oll weners )t on,- year,
dent or -throe years.
raember for
the Board, at its next imeeting thereafter, shall review umtitshall be- made 'for -tht
such action and may continue-or discontinue SEK64CO 4,
=13MW SW de$*OJt4e Onet Of the
mittees, or make chanp&, in personnel as. Wamy 4pew as dmuM=
The 004
1), Special Committees 4hall tvqdm with, thefiscal
year but may be xecreated to I pontinuejo function intlo
the following fiscal Y, ear,
(2)' ChairmQn' and memberg for- s emmitte"
shall be appointed-from the membwhip and-ttheirterim
shall expire with the Committft.
ia th, fisw e=
_d. ,FAAU &anding Gommitt6m. be, aNoMi.
ft'd Mt -A pr4DW
nating CommittmCowmittec on Finanim =#4_ _BodgP4 aooilL taW
Commitfc, n Govermnentil Relatiow orauatoe, lor W
Publications, Corrimittee for Oouventioa%,114tditbftlb
joint Coopc;iative counefl. and atwr f6aci4
(1) 'The- membership of these 6ofaMittces fin4m
selected bjAe Prs&nt from the-menibersIcip, accordig 20 ih
g "'mom 14%
to thse -bylawsaad _Pishe4,by theBo
Tle PresiddatD P,
voAb_-- Moe-

Pep Atponal, jikfidaq Conimittee
nl and by,
"uim&- Thc Iftsti-
d ty 0 tk6 EiQmtve, meew therwf.
Wip t
P ifid
mg ft
itcc& i i&
C, w6rt-S, t-9 jhp
to forvm "$ti wa*

Omb 0-

-byt' TI h
tw b,Ii Inr
haV be 4 i&, v Af-T
I MM -
It sbaU-- 'f-,d
0, ber-oO,
N -, ml
VIE 7 17,

to Oe, (L

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Am Ilk' 96i&
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or by, other appt6ptiate intbUjuent s :by.-Oid 4ncur phligatiou fbr, V* AssocktWhi which in -tlM
or-: his Chaptit year,,excee timated iucoini
44gregate Gfa es
01i.: IV a,,coTporation W'm in A such- year.:
7 b' ack
_Chaptet.'ahd the Association for non-payment in full df::. c. Eac e a mol -and t. Awu6lal-
his dues and assessments at- the end of the fiscal year, the liability of*fl)e.Aisocii:saAbe-evidenoed.by-a
'Secretary shall so z advise the Institute, and request the or persons autli thi& expense -oi,-U"
terinination of his membership. Copies of such notice and except petty cask, M Wbieh hW ;bt s
:.request shall be sent tolthe delitqueat member and to the the', approval of the Treofflo W-Aavb
64 bis c40*.- against- appropriated -And/ofJ
k. Te n of. tmbership for any Q: orpo
Mer4er shall k ml byaction of ne institute The Wded A authorize 4
J-. Each, Chaper treasurer shall collect dues -front:6R611 b audit th books a ui`da'ac-
meml6er assigae& to his Chapteranct shall-promptly ten0:.,. the M miaddii for report At the fint'O 4
dues collwted-to..thc Treasurer of the Association at the each fiscotyear,
ci At the option of any 66ni
6ffioe vthe Mio ation ponent
Chapter of the Association, the,,Treasirrerof the -Assbeia- ARTICU4 AMJENDMD,4TS,,
Non coll ptersqJd.-JWoa tion dues from each Seto" 1'. BY-Mowr4saf tfm Aswd*004t.--,
miinberoft .,haoters which elect the option, and -shall
T1w,,C%4rW and Byla wis of the, My,
,-promptly remit ujzs hilpt wm to their meetitit of IN,-, U
amcl 'at annual or special
respective trvasurers ciation provided:
Sudkw., 3w-l CaMrib oft.: (1) 'Written no6ce stating the pi
-The Board- r,'APV::_ ar meeting, b 4 coacu'=- Z' foreach proposed, amendment is s-en t- to
vote ot t" irds' 6f' the m6mbers preterit, 'or at any and Associate Member- tint less hah,_
special meeting-called therefD4 may. authorize the talsill-, prior to the date of the -meetinj_4-4MA_ tlie
of, and thereupon, raise, money by vbluntary contribution dment is to -be yo
amen ted on. A copy,
0 A
from its members, in ad"Pn,'t_0.:.*nnual dues, for any amendmtnts shall be included with the
_:Aesignated special purpose tomWerrt with the objective as sttfofth ift-the Chatter.
'be thL -Can- ,gy . ....
of, the Association, and presm --mannet irCivhlcli (Z) V6ting shall' be tr soll
Ilected. Non-paym
su&: contributions shall h cd 4 cmi;urring of
contributions shall not abvidM-susprencl, or-ter-m-inate-the of tbei t661 4degaies-voi6i At-:
privileges an& rights of any -Membcr of-
3, Every resolution ormotiou
Funds and $ecurittes, anien8ing it Charter or Bylaws's
the AS if and
a. -All:moneys.received by be 'become effective only
fxm, n itory AmerjCan I_ "We of A=biteet.
wmptly deposited, 'in origma a ns
approved by the Board. Imme &W following, _PUQA of,
h. Every disbursftnf of rtione lution or motion, the Settetafy,"shalt
cob, sball be by check of the Association, signed by;A the amendment andAhe -res6lu:60h tothp, -4,
E*utive Director. an&:Icoantersigned by the Tkemad Institute requesting v
oi: by another offiqq d d-by the, boarl of such Approval, the Secretary shall enter e,
d- its-approval iriie pr ce-
to The Trewirer shall establish petty cash: A tft an V&(,
as authorized by the BoarAI Ilese funds shall be disbursed Mefi& with the date- Of the -arn et,
Jbi the usual petty cash purposes, by the persm named Secilah 2. n3fitaAW.'
in the Board's authorization of the account. Statements of
Tbe InstitU,,Ntmle,,,; the sh "Wild
aqxnditures shall 'be duly recorded, and. -the expenatures -my P Tovision 0 aws wLett- MsM`,`A
approved by the Treasurcr before- the account is rc- -,, 7-
to, enact ame4idmeuti properly reqAlf-S.t4'., 4L,,Tlw'lpiadt6.- -
bed. Each amendment inad6 by Ili Ifts
r _& , "
Reserm o funds in excess of i saw forW jo e Ct as if ma _bYjhe'_,Ajo6atjP
funds shall be deposited by the Treastrer in an interest- shak, be" effi, edi OK-6111
r, Emir ately on I tcei
:,,bearing deposiiory approveA'by the Board. Or when In *onto fh"
of the Secretary of Me s ning: Le,
authorized by the Board, such funds MAY be invested in ment. The Secre" shall enter sffdh 466ndija ift AW
short term:vVer,"nerlt. or, bond. or quivalqpt A
proper place in these Bylavrs ord -p
securities. 'he. change.
S": TIft _*j"dAjjg1
I" &Mwl RU to an
_c6-: The Board shall adopt an annual budget at its Tle Secictaty may reatran retift'jo r-
fks g each year, by a concurring vote -of not Im &Vi e-Mrs' _iij
t meetin correct ous
than two-thirds of its membership present- Ile Budget paragraph ew %
s of th Bylaws :At biciin- -1*6 sW-W,
sb4w detail the anticipated income and expen-di
fhe. Ass&iation for the fiscal year. ARTt.CLV X11. RAs "I"
4,-, 7
Ii. Uilas authorized and directed to do so At ia
Cbrivention or-'special meeting of the Association, this or' 7
-Board vybudget make any appropfia- bpund4a-4TxY:*996,
in pof=ity
any expenditomoHn.aur wayobligate


"'M PIP*
L, We
y OF




American Insdtut of
Iftclucles all
Cbrp6rate McmheA of -t4o AIA
8L4 _UjiaptWia fl,51W
AIA Maptm lrCF)6rkti-.

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4i f Ltmn St., LA e
4*, L&noK-St. ToMPA-33604-l,

d"djW% Ayer4 CjeSnW-,
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OP -----
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no mdbi'"-I' for

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i:,?.;, l:. .i:. :~II. '.i:.I:ij,

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2;.. ..@:;


r t


Biscayne Tower Apartments
Interior Designer: Ted Stahl, Assoc. A.I.D.

Kader C7 Assoc.


Yes! Imaginative, creative
and original design is the
heart of every residential
interior by Richard
Plumer. But design is only
one of the many good
reasons our clients return
with project after project.
Beautiful furnishings, un-
usual art objects, fine
materials, attention to de-
tail and white-glove in-
stallations are irresistible

from good interior design
just as it does from good
architecture. And business
interiors by Richard
Plumer are recognized as
expressions of success by
all who see them. So, with
this in mind, consider the
interiors of your next
project for a moment ...
now may be the most ad-
vantageous time for you
and your client to discuss
them with us.



Lobby/Biscayne Tower Apartments Black-Baker




Telephone 751-9775

-"0 S4ZVINGs

ALL-ELECTRIC buildings
are for the


Among Florida's financial institutions,
the "interest" is decidedly toward all-
electric buildings that pay "dividends"
in comfort and convenience, safety
and savings.
The integration of lighting, heating
and cooling into a combined electrical
space conditioning system provides
greater flexibility in design and in-
creased revenue-producing space.
In any type of commercial building,
all-electric construction can save
money in initial costs and long-time
maintenance. You and your architect or
engineer are invited to consult your elec-tr
tric utility company, without obligation.



t ____

Mr. Warren B. Jarvis, its President, says: "Several
economic and efficiency factors figured in our
decision to go all-electric. But the primary reason
was that we simply liked the comfort and con-
venience of an all-electric building. Our homes are
equipped for total-electric living, so why should
we settle for anything less in our business?"

S Donald R. Jones, its President, says: "We chose
electric air conditioning for its automatic controlled
comfort which benefits our customers and em-
- ployees. Our building has the newest and most
modern lighting and 70 tons of year-round, re-
S verse-cycle air conditioning. Along with other
benefits, we have been especially pleased with
our two electric kitchens for the convenience of
our employees."

"Being a banker, I cannot overlook the savings
that are built-in by reverse-cycle electric cooling
and heating, the efficient exterior and interior
lighting, and other electric aids at my disposal.
Therefore, it's no wonder we fully enjoy the many
advantages of our total-electric building," says
Mr. J. P. Toole, Executive Vice President.

I ,,
I 7 '-~-.1 "'

WUL *M W. snw-~-

A flameless electric heating and cooling system
maintains ideal year-around temperatures and
spotless cleanliness for customers and employees
alike in this impressive new branch office of the
First Federal Savings and Loan Association of
Panama City, Fla. All areas of the building also
have high-level illumination which provides a
major portion of the heating requirements.


U JI m

-hj :. ~j~?~~.. j?


Revtaione r4teemwet Readeced

A-201 General Conditions

Representatives of the AIA, AGC
and the insurance industry, meeting
on January 10th, agreed on a re-word-
ing of 4.18.3 which makes the docu-
ment usable and which should end all
controversy that has taken place in
the field. The new wording, approved
by the Executive Committees of both
AIA and AGC, is deemed fully insur-
able by the insurance industry.
The new wording, which replaces
sub-paragraph 4.18.3 as printed in the
November 1966 revision of A-201
document, is as follows:

"4.18.3 The obligations of the
Contractor under this Paragraph 4.18
shall not extend to the liability of the
Architect, his agents or employees aris-
ing out of (1) the preparation or ap-
proval of maps, drawings, opinions,
reports, surveys, change orders, de-
signs or specifications, or (2) the
giving of or the failure to give direc-
tions or instructions by the architect,
his agents or employees provided such
giving or failure to give is the primary
cause of the injury or damage."

This new sub-paragraph clearly
eliminates any responsibility of the
Contractor to indemnify the architect

from liability arising out of the draw-
ings, specifications, change orders,
etc., which the Architect originates.
This is entirely consistent with the
original principles underlying the in-
demnification provision. It does not
dilute the protection from unfair
claims arising out of the construction
operations which are the Contractor's
basic responsibility.

Until the next printing of Docu-
ment A-201 by the Institute, the
FAAIA, which stocks AIA documents,
has prepared an addendum to be en-
closed with the A-201.

How much

did you pay for heat

last year?

CLEARWATER $ 40.30 $ 66.57 $135.40
GAINESVILLE $149.97 $186.84 $429.85
JACKSONVILLE $ 98.35 $147.07 $355.82
OCALA $ 63.38 $ 88.43 $173.08
ORLANDO $ 48.30 $ 82.11 $135.80
SARASOTA $ 48.32 $ 96.30 $133.85
ST. PETERSBURG $103.92 $170.45 $386.00
TALLAHASSEE $144.50 $152.64 $499.30
TAMPA $ 62.72 $114.41 $205.16

.These figures were compiled by an independent various Florida communities using the three major
engineering research corporation. They represent fuels: oil, gas and electricity.
the average yearly cost of heating a typical3-bedroom How much did heat cost you last year? In all cases,
residence (1600-1800 square feet of floor space) in oil heat cost less.

modern safe clean economical OILHIM OIL FUEL INSTITUTE OF FLORIDA





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EE -77,


ftorida t"th C, h- ca&intij
'R 600'NW, eletm Ro Miami 26 Sweet, John t 51 Sm, 59 5 1:33:143
oik Al tt ------------------ ----- 92
-4180 1eganza Ave., Coconut Grove B3133 Tannor, John R. (E) --- ---- A46d'Royal NlmAve, Mfimt
.-Rowell, Donafd------7770.0. Pox 447, Shoroah Sta., Miami 331,45 Telosca, 4"',
Russell T. Francls, E ---------- ---- - -- 1451115riekott
Salman, Gerar ------- 8331 -SW 14 St, Miami 5314-4 Treliter, Kenneth----- --- ------------- 655 N.W, aml 3313f
Sampson, James P--`-'--------9410 5V 60 Terrace,- Mianif 33143 TrhAnt, Henty f0f &E 7, $t4-MlArhi 33 18
Savage, Herbert ------ 34250 S.W. 3 Ave, Miamtl 8-`l 29 Triplk', johta A,----`-----'---- -L2919 -Cora('Wa, Mi,rrlj 23 1`4
Schiffing, Jerome ----- ---- -------- 1270 NC. 102 St- Miami 33138 Tsitturny, WiHiam-9 --------------- 2346
Schneider, Rouben S-.; flamingo, Way Hiaf0l aNIO VA"R, Chaelos _1<)oPonce de toon Ellyd. Coral Gpbles 33134
Roy -------- ----1431 Flamingo Way, 1 -33010 Vann, Loyd F ------ ------------ NI N.W. 12 Av,., Waml 331 Z8
C6rat Wa, h fj" 3 i 45 Vensefjames -2
Suverud, Gordon --------- 3143
M. Totty--- 3138 'Ok, Viatilpar
----------- -------- --?T UE. 39 A., Mi6m V Ifel 2- ami 33156
Sftrum,'Robert tM 5 Couet,'Narth k(iaml'33111 yfxxa, bonqF& 7521, S^: famf35T,43
i, MjaMjL_4138 WMkor; poemah L.-I. --------------- 129
Sfiufli. Frarik H --------- 1-t1---L.: ------ ;Ma N.E. 2 Ave -950- 22 1 lam
Simberg. A J. (0- -----s4js sv4 stWI 33135 Wation, ftank E., FAIA ------------- 1600 NM Te e hll
Simm"s, Jerry-P ------ LLL--L- 1777 Biscayne Blyd., Mlamf 3,3M wi6p ------------ 99 NE. 118 St, Nbeji
R _ L82BO_ 5,
St., Mi- - I _i .. .. ... W.
Shriqnh6ff, ---- ------- 5250 S.W. 84 nrn 3 4: oym6n 17 A'eWlaml SjIBI
l5Ays- Dr.' kf,mf,31 j-1 4-
Skrlp, d J R.Uft L.,, --------- --------- -- ZO mcketi,
Rith 7- ----- L-273 Coral Wa, Miami Il(bed, d've., mltnl 33134
'Snvfth, Donald G ---------- ----724 NWI ZICou' _,3 f,5 *01demayer, Wiiiiam-( j ------- -1 ig Anticfqeri Ave;; CWz( r.bles 48f14
'Snyder, Wa hi J, It, IFAIA---L-z --- ------ 1117 N.E 74 St, Miaeil&,.331,g WeInftairb Maurica S-350 Lincoln Road,-Suite 316-18-Miarni 136ach"351.iq
Spent' 'Roy W, )Y ------ W. 125 St., MLi' M CL 4(5-
-------- I 55)r S. DL
-0 S 5 W'05,r bert ICanndy--.- OTal
Spillis, Peter ---- ------ L-2575 S. 13"viy4fort! Orfc, Watmi S31L3 -Woo, Shirley' a., Jr ----- 9WCbF6l way"w6mi 8 41
Sa 4 knot, Carl M-----------,L---- 462 S. Dixib Hwy., Coral GablesBiTAT6 Wight, Corson, m' lm 6 0,
fd .......... T702 Dupont Plaza Cefifdr, Aiarnt 3fl af Jtabfin B 40
Succop, Wray G ------ 100 Ponce de Leon 13ty-cf,, Coral Gables 3r3l.34 3,3 60
-Coconut r 33
Swain, Joseph D- -3625 Solana Road, G ovaSl
SwaAb aCh Lr3140, i 2'
r9l Robert ---,--4014 ClIase Ave,'MIAmi Be M F t;h
37WAve Mla' i ieah-ikf4O

Decker, Harol ------- 15875 SW. 79 C rt, Mia i 331 9 POCV, --3"Suh(f$q:D0V,-,-KeY lscL406
-Et260 NM. 169Tr aw, ------- '165 SW 9,T6r -ai
-Gard*, Juisto,' Jr --------------- L 6i 33054 -----------
4 -- *k - -- -
rWd-5.L__ __,740, Op
H.ba- 'Ephraim --------- Dixii `if8158 foi ,
1473'teitato,' r4drt M W(
6W, VOU61.1 . . . 2052
Jaek- -------------- R C**drjL tojyld, 5 USfflrf
fcmidt, William' 4 ----------- Coral Way C6464bie, 3!,S:4 iiroso;,"'m"d A.----------- -------
Llano, Sw 97 st- miarni 3sr5r, Sarille- rejo;tho_ 5011 MIdheTArkj6f(5--L Me, f_
meyer, JeO--- 203 S.W,- 11 5t., Miami 35T O Walk&, Sidney M ---------- 3 11 Ejrjea[j ft -

Allen, BartfoJ - -------- -- +D61 Ventura- AV6,
Andr '4-f tfdr
22 Ave,;Aia-
------ Tet t 16 J9 45
Afirap; Luiv ----- ------- - -- ------ 955 5 W; Witter, )(j
BarnettAkhaird -- ---------- 2931 BridgepioiI Ave.; Coc6iibf 06,e a- 133 Murphy, wiffia"i C--,
Chor6ws" Mo;;L --------- 15-17 Lonox'Aye., Apt. G,'Miami -Bea.c':M3(7 Ker ------------ -- -
S-W, 83 Court, Miaml 3,T56 t46to*if%,, -Bay-Ro,.O; M
Daniel, Hamer F.----
Fried, Allan Roy------- 3W S.W 82 St, Villa 23-H, Miami 33143 R"e, Bvron S 144
Rog", erbetf-6 -Bd)c-67
Gracida, Rdna M.- ------ 6301 F a,
rituen, Mix --------- 88'25 S.W.' T-8 Tbrricv,, Warr! 351 G A r',O, -447, ----------- ---------- hiiftiodoah'Sta- a T45
Ronald 3,31 5 G,---
-ar !- 1244iFfl
Heamd" --c'Iss S.W- -- ----- Off
ffqgef, C- !;.W 'tqjrj g_
Art" M ---------- ------ - 6420 hte)o 10eldans ti
G, Jr. t--
V, ,Miiffii Seach3140 -Str
Wywavig, Charies --------- 4531 Prairld'A e T ytd,,'"
ff*"baion, Robert C --------- 125 S.W 170, S., Mj Orn! 4&Ji


j :7:



nv.# 4C r

_WaIttIrAk- chel F. ShcpaH
Chules'&T i jfrl Tr;eq,v"rtv` Ted R P"apNS

A444, James' Dona fd-- _4071 WoD(16,k )r, 'Suite, i te _27 Jaaffoni Wi0laft K- --------- -1320 Coast Une Bldg, JAasonvilla,3= 42
:04'ronfZfnr PQbet tpxAm IUO1011 Xempr, jojjft'o- acksonvIle,32ZW
Woodcock DrIve,, Suite 2K J.
Da,4d IL ------- -"197,4 Sanhtarbo- Blvd, Jackacwffla 3=7 Kamiy; IW-1"kaff -420 CDh5t Lno,
John m-a Arfinft oo jV Yb 0i
-------- -764 May St., JacUbnvfil6322
,'%,WiWfo0tL,,A. Fi*bcrt,- Jr____,_-_632l rt -A-dirqtDn Rod, J ackorijfFd 32ZI I wm;$m, J4;--' -
21_ Fetcb r V,6." Jackso6viJla 3.Z207 P& s n e 22
-A Mr, k0pial4l__ ih_- ----- ___5461 N. Niver Road, Jac$ o Jff B 07
AT cfaW St-.- _'J 3207
Vancouver Drive,
Jr. ---------- 'KO Arlin'pton Io
1-320 Coast-Uhe`13 44m j
cl'i-Sack5bnVifle 32202: wo, X, Jr --:--P.O. Box 485G,
_1 611 OCan Blvd, Aflarifo 5
IbP, -------- ------- 4833 Colonfal, AyaWe,, 0-
Fottifl6, Oaftk f- tlf_ _06 W. 2w
PonAw, Cirty ftrida Nat'l Bank Bldjj4,J&ok?5
04, pQijUiII T.eeq6ro C__ forsyth St., Jacksonville 3 2202
------- -------- I I -,-Florida( National Bank Bldg' jacks,nville,32?02
or" IFL-Limar_ ------ ------ _ _W. Famyth St. Jacksonvijle:2202
--Pe*v, W Kenyon it) 237 W Fbrsyth St, jad Upoftat E., Jr.
-185, o#! _,A0
41li 0 _4,51
-N*man SaIn M3rt6rTHv&,'-,M
-I'Fryo, Aftn 0 ----------- r ------- __45q KinIey AvtLI-'Orihwrp",
Stanly ------------------ 2b6'w,'f'&r J-., oft -_1649 Aflarific Blvd., )acksonv[Pe,51267
4Gweloyj John -------- - 1012 Florida -rltleolft, 14C5.ohvlffe 3220Z 3
,,!Gra*es, John P -------- ------- 13ZO Co4st Line Rldg.,.Jacksonvifle 3Z202' siev-ms, J" -PIONG ---- ------- 13051)- Ark ftoton:Roa(f,
Mellenr e_., FAtA (t) 6_457 -Pottsburg Drive M Riyersid Ve J VfOo'
,',Jfaas, J. -Brooks---.----- rAYlor;N4ltbr`,q ----- -------- I'a co tjh3
105,p, reerside Ave Ia yijlo-S 20 ast Lrhio,Wd.,Jsckponvi -3=
Y .. 7- 4 "L, 100bk,
)Ordwkk taylof __764 UY:It-ja kmnvme,-z04_ r*tlta-."
........ c prhgtf _-- erside Ave., -Jarksb 1)4
Henry, Warrqnc., Jr ---------- 1320 Lj
CWj$, Jr. o, IIk Aidems St J' V q
'V_"Wotth, F. A. (E) ------- Va eft5q,! He
_46 --fdisort Ave, jacfsb He
Loulk C., Jr --- 315 71 NOM -jatkonqi 50 Ito ---- -- --------- 105 St. GelbrQe St, St. A4914tne
0* ------------- --- 38 W. -V, monro5 tt,
-4 jack!Qhv 46

------ ------ ___p 'a RQX "50,'-J* illc:4izorr Park&, r4 _-_32 M a i06 32
5"N I n St., Jacksorrv ZDZ
PQarWttr Jkj"rd W., Jr._'
dor -__237 W, Foryjh t"-4aksorii(Ala 1,22,0'2 Vassar lt6aCr, JaCksohVj'fleL3""20_[
BeaCh 3 -Rwam"o N OrV
---------------- 360 yeL abh Avo."-Attanfi am ----I I I I Gtynlea P"'aC J*tkl
-1**"t-,Lr .................... r 4628 Crecaft -S Townsertd Blvd, Jacksorwllle'il P
----------- ____I$4 May -SIjT 4H6 j'
--------- 7022 Diamond'Heid Road, Jacksonvilfe 32 1 2T6
---40'77 Woodotk t&, su6, 114`Ljcks=-Rld- 2207 It` ... .. . ...... Pq. 80,X 4 20f '
------ k4jh(5ri&.AvL., rffthursf, .111, 60126 T Florida Nafi6nal 'Baok Bldg, at
Z2LIJ t"amjs,_jjon__: _.
"A( w ---------------- 2ol ) _O#f'Aarr La"a, Jacksonvil le 3 -- ------ BoX
-A.-40*041 Pua.e w ------ ____ ___764 LhAav St, la6qrwvme tn" watw, k6ifton, PO, Sox 485D jatWwWIq
a'* Dewitt CaOik' R-obeff 'k-nviffL 4il 6
t,-Or,ve, Jarksorivifie 3 n I I Wise ------------ ---1"3 Ravbisti 04,ve, yi,
Byron -0 & -- JaC,VM422 'j_
---------- ---- ---- P .- 13tiw '0, Jacks6nvjlfe32;Ql W"t"'t6n, 'rt D ----- --- 201+ Arcildia Pfocp,
Bo.X qne ZttjoV, J-*, nj--------- ------ IOW Rlverslde Ave., Ja4ktorYAfle-921a4

-iffa4iotba W. 16116 Natl 0ank "IW-I 7-OZ, Box 460, J acki6nvi ne $izbi
-- ------ 20% Nibrfck Dr., Apt. - ------ 3762: Rogero, Road, j"ksonville azi I
Maptottn oad, facksonvlllL'7201 _Aemoro, J6&09 A_- ------- Pfawer Br
C Jr-,.__-_5534 piffiri&ribr&,6 North, Jacksonville !fh*h, J horV. 1782 'MayfaIrRoad, iackw,A

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marr. -.. T ary-.. ,:.*' ... ... uepr. O T X rTC urO I, Mllv ri..- rta:Inp qf
Lab, David Eugene (SCI) --- --.. 000 SW.- B3Av 6A,C MIat am33H4 1 a... .. .:.. .. ;-heavH 2601
Lamp, Veramn D. (SC) .....---- ..... 1909 N.W. 14 St., MTaml 33725 Meriydai, Reiry 0J& DA .-.265 iwtfolrAve., Dayto1baBeah 32018 -
Landr.a, Clifford Reenman (SC) _-,14101 S.W. 87 Ave., Miami 33158 MarwrninaidTraN (Oal. ..-112 utliand B k.jStf tetlaiurg 33701
Lane, Ronald L. (PPA..... -- 3018 PairaCesltd., iCmtavilla, Alae 35805 Me :JeineSph is t(c I ....4'SkthSt. Sithb ttPeteralbu0 33WI
Lngleey, John B. iMC) .. .--- P.0. Box 796 Winter Park 32790 Meyer, Joel'1SPA).~--. i ;-- ,---. S.W 3,.s-at30
Lapidui, Morti. (SC) -.. --168 Meridianl AVm, Miam:i -eachI 391 Mitut.s,-tadl Cif- a-.-. -,. ED,, la-.m.: 9101
Larrick, Thomas (MCI-Dept. of Architecture, -Lniv'F Phe, CoaineivHlle 32601 Mikton, Aloxaniler (WSI -( 9-45W SW- $4,Miemi83155
Larnon, Vioor A' !BC) -....311-4 S. Andrew Ave, Ft.:Lauderdae.3l6 M:i An: tSAI-,,.. 4..-236 :SW. 2- fre1T.; M.tiI4S .
Lastra, Aide P. (CCO-------- --_- -_,--__40a0&jiBmon St., Tampi 35609 MIHer imWer; Nt(blSC) .3 E fi)odrer PNT11, ocahut iroa-133
Lawrence, C. Eugene, Jr. (PC). -_-205 Worth Ave., Palm Beach 33482 tMlntd -l) I .1..---.i.. 29'93*-rBt 8 F 360
Lee. Sames Dona (C)--------_--. -341 .ia Dr. Miami 33133 TM. fi .
Lee StuartA. (DAL_,- -.----V 83 Par.c Aves,,bytdma feech 820]S MlU as*aeLt L (MSk .... Jl21WN Woodlrlsntd#1 a.,lihddlfE l I
Lee, W; Maybery (JCL..--- -...-..- 764 May St., Jacksatvle: 2204 M. .itE.t A .wt _i242- .i2428Mhck amag t i'f
LUte .David A. (DC) ----.-- _406 Orange Ave.; Daytant Biach.201.4 Mbisle, Slai. .4BC --- -..--.192 *y.lrSt .1 W apt .
Leggett, E. ELl (CC) ----- -----323 South Boulevild, TaMpI 33606 Moe, RalphS., ,t (IPC)-.. :tj.. .Di.iN.; I e, tlw. iW:-.,.:
Lieah, Hugh J. (NWC-. .O.(-WC- ...Dc P Box 928, Pe acle 2502I :. MelleIr, Dnald H. (BC) .-----C--.-...;Mayo Sr., olywod-l !
SLemona, Rteard Loauh (MC) .-_2222 S, Washington Ave., TituwAle ...30 Mi ,e.S.Be CQ.E.-C-) .-- 4005 1C.5fre ~ Hwy.; t. tiue -aro *'
Landrum, James nT. (NCL..-2306 S.W. 13 St.,. Apt.- 1201. ,nesvi~.e.iD- Mor.:. ,Alvin KL SC) E).--....-- -.-1554-18sTre ., ;pe. 38it
Leauiiil, Dustk W. (IPA)-----__?------ 64:lMy, St; J~ frBa Moore, Jak h I _..- .... -.. .- 06 Neb iFir, St-t, :alnlefl. i .
Levine, Rihard M. (SC-)---1034 Eucldt r:., i* itl9 Muamnu ft. JPAL-- -- ...B,, l .-.e -Q. 3256
Lerhon, RobeD H. (CC) ...-----425 S. Gde Ave. ,Caa wnt iiiSs -m ,, -- .. 6T1 eat1 Bta. a lB20
Lewis, foarth L. Jr. (PCI----V_400 Royal Palm Wy. Palm 6 ih:34c *i ..--------, D teaa .-A
Liheman, Henrian ; (SC ----------4--990 5;W., 5 St.,Miamt. 3148 -ilj.-; ) ---708 ifth An.'S9athbla:.
SIsle, Ftresf F., Jr. (CPA).-,- -- --- 318 N.W. 24-S, Gainesvllte 32601 M...i, ll;..tli (. ;f .IWC ... -A-i;. 1..i unf Mn'
LtRles Robert M.; PIAI (SC)-------- -2180 Brickell Ave., Miami 33129 Ml.e*ihliM.4.fk tCCt ---- .,.-171,, e
Lile, Stephen Cart (SC)------------31 5 N.W. 27 Ave., Miami :3125 Mtrp'i. RoLert B.MC)--- -..--.2-I *dpI^ atg'40r* ,
Llano Fair Jgrome (SPA)----------.--..7980 ,W; 97 St. .MismiS33156 Murphy, WisC. A) ..--"n7; 07 ..' LW. a88:1.- iMtt3 '
tlremte, Rauil ISA__-- ---- 29017 S.W. 22 Av .;MiartB13t45 Myer, WayneP. (MCA--a_.-I 50 fIfui on air : a
.Lo6ale, Charles K. (SCL_ ..--....2280. S.W. 22 Ave., MWaml 831T3 ... .. .
Look, Jamenr tenry (NWC,.-- ---I T Br.eret Anics, er 'acal,' I.. "'' -
Looke, Thomas- Dudle (CC .---39b -14 Lw.t L ESt-PtlS p-itiS L. 1, : rhi
Lepaiolt.IaSfaed 4MC.. .1- 4 47 W. L. k . . .. ..rt ......
LohpeloI, LOtwell L(M.. ( -- _2P.A) 25 I .. -. ... -.t)a9%,,W
Loft, M. Winfild (CC) --- .... 2707- 5 Avene t 'T W.-~ r,
Laolock. Ralph P. (MC) ---------- .O. BSw 236, WintdrPark 7 ..
Luge. Wlllam F. (NA) .- 1112 Winifred Dr., Tallahassee 32303 7 f_ T:t C. -
Luken. BaEyard C. (BC) ( r--------1533 Adamr St., Hollvwood 33020 Notnwits, Ba r SAl--2901 North fiM i
S.Lyel Johnd t ISC) -. .. _3135 S.W. .3 AvE:Mami 3129 NHlt, ErnSt'IL C) ...C)... _.104 V_ Ae.'l, W
Lynter, GeoffreyB. (SOCL.-__-....--.. 4405 S.W ,84Cort,: Mftt i.3 ....... .5 -. .. :. .
Lyavlk, Ja.e B. * H, -4, V. 0C ....

Mai-Neillu Itiad id IN ) .--------325 aIt s sat o -.W.. -. tl, *: '
.MO. Ka id < ,ef id K c^ WiswSis!i''''' I ''0 ------ -32 ------*040vwkay f i fP .
Maddef, Tfosaa J., ir. (SCL_--- 2W-----40 M. 17*4 iutflhD" 2 i240 W93 A 27 A.h,*N;itril5
Mamne M ar ia I. FAIA (SC) E. .O-----. BOX 5, mimi- rader. 1.1 a MC) Jm '. f i
art, an e Migu (CC- -_---4004 North Blv d., Tamp 3363 O wanr, mr :, ..10 A e.
Marihearn, Arred. (SC1 ______.---.20600 N.. 20 Ct.. Miami 33162 O wl 6-ed W.C) (1lQtl.ndo32
Marion, John W (PC) --230 Royal Panl Way, Palm Beach 33482
Manira"teh, Emer (SC ) -333 University Dr., Apt. 329, Coral ables 33134 9Pan t ;i0 i, .... Siun br. ,.!cye.
Marshal, Sarn M. (NWC1 ----------- 25 Palafti St., Pensmacoi m.325 i .0 H p.t .: A.
Marshall, Willam i. (JC __ --.---- 458 R .iveriide Jd.a, ltfJ* : ,*iW l -----.2'1 AM.i 'SiWI .i -
.Martelasonald loeiph (JC), ------ 5 6i N, River Rd., i1iv -" *."a. .-.. .1t4R*st i rae ,
Maiu y;Richanrd (MCC- -.--- --- -516a WardSt,'faltneaha3et8 ..-.. Vii ` oii DW .v
My ailJ Lh (BC) -500 W. Hallandile ai0i6tc lIV., Haillandile 380069 PannioastkI att. (A 7 i iMlamI B3311
May l Ater (NC).... -- -----606 Nri.First' St.. Gainesvile 326401 Pappas, T;d P. 'i C-..- -C- a n eia ~ "ronville 32210
.Mayt, Robi.et. titt-.....---___-.- E Colelge Ave., Tallahasse' ..3~ Pa, Archie 6, FAA t.- ri an h.r':.
"MayBse,:a'itrKlips BA>) ---...- 1000 N.E. 14 Place, Ft. Lauderdale 33304 liliIDo.id.ld CPA .112 .tani4, St.'eta brlo01 A
Maylr ; e r j;.:BumSli-):_-- .. ___980t S.W. 70 Ave., Miamril 3356 PMrit, L .Lt : .l-u* ri"'.-_ 71 Rla ia 33 Mi h 58138 h
MeAlp Chales, i,. (C) .. -----iuliding L, 3038 N. Federal~ Pa.'a*: -Mf .-.- .-292. S .. Nlat ..
.N... . P. auderdfale rS- R - P.a ity
Meer a; James BeolM (COC_).....-,20l:OMca-br ., B M-;: ikl--.,-F+;g mii .:.SS9
McCa;. Toward E. (PCOI-__-----__-- 211 *S.E. irt Ave, ocRaMi i V W' 'l (WA2. .t ll22
McCandtes Jlaf (CC) ---939 Bealch Drive .,S-. Peterdui- 33'O Pesee, Deja l -. I7' gla' Mal
McClugh.Joe Lmoub (CPA) ,--1215i Drw St., Su:te 5-B, Clea en e 3ViR S Pai iri, JIlr Dgl'Y t(;:i .-99 lf9 li' 1r-. 0 ,2Sntarmusig t''!4
MeCormicik,Johia R. (CA)----...----. 0T5 Horato St.,lTampa 3609 Pajse6oiisi Aan ,k Cb-:,I.. AZ--Sl. S. .
MCoy, Chiarles veMit, F. (SC) ------200'-Hitori aveiV; y WeS 33040 .Patt Crlethirb A 2T- .Wt&tW.2ftt,
MCu.pl, Faui e I, Jr. (J .. 440 V ancouer. D., Jaa:.sonvltlle .220 Pa. tkiin, i'W' n S: .: PA ..fltM
MeDaniel, John L., (MA) -----..-- ..T253.. tidd RiL, Orland o32808 0.i-y fir.Bes arifsl (SC) 2 am.2t.-.,Bu- tal
McDoniald, James A. -SC) ---_--_-59497ArhilnuW la- l ditinlll 32211 Ined i, C l -.i
MDonald, Robatr-Eugene;ip fPAL_1814 N.E. 17 Terr, 'f. k-auderddle3335 -. Peud. S.i--hsf -Mt:...3 vm~~-iC !
a ;Ei M tx, R..Siege L .CC) -- __410 M.ari aitl Bidgtaripe 852 SA iin
Menteuitahpd oel; C C..- ... o206r.. ,,ei. st, ma.a-o' s alt r M 2: Y -"
Mtelilytsm Byron (JPA) -_....0... B. 480, Jeaionle. .0" =04. ""-.. r a-..s:"
Mtkeai, Dorothy (SC-.. --- -L. ..PA. Box 407,. Coci.. Grove3S33 .'*L..d-P. Box ,." Wi" i i-
McKaiad, Paul A. (PeL._- ...30 N. Federal Hwy .B e Rton 33432 ,- htr, jg )-.------.--;; ~5 d
MiLtaE, E. ernk, Jr. (CC) -- 205 W. Brorelt SI;, Thpr-893606 Perot, Sar (MA) 80 ti ri
Mae, A inam Andre (MC-_ 903...:.Silver Springs- Bvd,-cala.l .67~ Pi4urti Asthur (SPA)
W d. A:rthur W-)-----3 379 Mayfic ~rr St,-Sarita.8i .
MiesaaJmires A., r. (IC<. .-.z P.O. Bc (4850 k:dcabniitwtl.fl M J*'aX
Medgmson, Gena.e .Maic .(.MC) -..-.-.....-222i-Wbbl,.h.i. l-.i- bt--Slta *." 4
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tte6nj,'Jlohn, EdW (CC) -------- _41 0 MmrirW Sinj 81
Steq err,. M rtin.. G. i $A- _T 1244 Film- o re St., Hoil, twood,3-3,020
t4 St' 4'
Wph:om w"Its L, ut) ---------- 594 Edg "ta*,L
Stpm, Id R. (CPA) ------
Stetson, Frank It'. (-PA) ------ L.42 e6ilto Sti"Wi P'Lff'im 646i 041)
steftairl, 4obA, FAJA -- --------- 249 Pertjy]Ar+ Ayo, PAmjlaafk_:P, -TI
_ja 08"
Piw" 4JC __5 K#"" 'toa
Staward, Harow lki ------------ f4btlfw'
wam; *hafles, twandoiw
t (CM
a Ti
$tid* -1, (14C
Unps! V --- 456
29 N, $6
j'_ 40',
Sricko, NWAT) ---------- PMTRox tDBO,,' Ff-
ptew, Gporgo a., *ii,, (OLM,__
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TWO 14
St;,ggser Kaay f4wAL) ---------------- P.0; Box 46,-Oisrm6lf& 320;- "T

Orman 10
ll* n., gt Ed )f.L - T7%
L, 14
P -0 4
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251 S. W. c St.,
swfot, John R. a,
htart, jr, (TMPA), _4 r*"
T.L6f,, Cfq T()Zg Tco *i
Tanner, JohiviR.L, M__ 44450 Poyat Palm Avb",-W,et" jb4r,40,
TOYTO r-,_RhodQrWF. (MC) __ -Routs 2, Box 69, -MelbbuMe 329M,
I j2G CaSt_ ljna_ Bldg_
I d2b Mjraclin'Mjle `Ver5;;,
ra" L ip,

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Thompok 40-c 46cy,
ThOM '043-O. 4,' -Au th, 84",
--1800 N.f tl Male, 3"08 'DS
S' jt- (PAJ ---Florida -Nat Bank _BTdq,, JAckk Me, R-2,26i
Tk"r;'W. C. MAY_ _430 W. 5 Ave., A3W
4BC)___TLL__:_-_I7GOTNiE-. Secood3t, PonvAn6TSeaiftT53060
T*nk' --'_6ZO3 SW"2a'Rj
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During the last decade, many thousands of new homes, apartments, commercial buildings and industrial plants have been built
in Florida. Architects and engineers, working with progressive builders, have translated the new concepts in electrical distribution
systems into the comforts and conveniences of total electric living and working environments.

Alachua Lakeland
Bartow Lake Worth
Blountstown Leesburg
Bushnell Moore Haven
Chattahoochee Mt. Dora
Clewiston Newberry
Ft. Meade New Smyrna Beach
Ft. Pierce Ocala
Gainesville Orlando
Green Cove Springs Quincy
Havana St. Cloud
Homestead Sebring
Jacksonville Starke
Jacksonville Beach Tallahassee
Key West Vero Beach
Kissimmee Wauchula
Lake Helen Williston

Electrically heated and cooled offices, plants, schools, apartment buildings, and Medallion Homes
cost less to build and own. There's no need for boiler rooms, fuel storage space or chimneys.
Electric heat ends dirt... saves frequent, expensive redecorating... means lower maintenance

The thirty-four members of the Florida Municipal Utilities Association salute the architects of
Florida who are helping to bring our industrial customers the total benefits of modern manu-
facturing and processing; contributing to our commercial customers' prosperity through such
innovations as high-level lighting, year-round air conditioning and electrical merchandising; and
keeping our residential customers aware of the growing number of comforts and conveniences
electricity can offer.


FEBRUARY, 1967 45

AIA Recommends

6% Limitation Repeal

The requirements of modern design and building con-
struction have made the 27-year-old federal limitation of
6 percent on architectural and engineering fees for govern-
ment work obsolete and detrimental to the economic
interests of both the government and the design pro-
This is a conclusion reached by The American Insti-
tute of Architects and contained in a study of statutory
architect-engineer fee limitations delivered today to the
General Accounting Office.
The AIA position paper, prepared to assist the GAO
in its government-wide study of interpretations and appli-
cations of fee limitations, urges repeal of the 6 percent
limitation originally established by Congress in 1939.
The Institute points out that for nearly three decades,
the fee limitation has been written into law for other
agencies without any recorded Congressional examination
of the rationale for the limitation or of changed condi-
Among other findings, the study maintains that:
The cost of architectural services has risen faster than
the cost of construction, due primarily to the complexity
of today's buildings and component systems;
The limitation, while considered fair in 1939 for rela-
tively simple structures, is now completely unrealistic for
laboratories, electronic facilities, remodeling and rehabili-
tion services and specialized structures, such as nuclear
Because of the limitation, an architect frequently can-
not allow as much time for research and design as the
project needs, thus preventing possible cost-cutting design
The AIA report, containing statements of architects
throughout the country, concludes also that the increasing
probability of financial loss works against the best interests
of the government because of a resultant loss of interest
in federal projects by outstanding professionals.
A long time-lapse between conception of a project and
completion of the structure, with the architect's fee based
on an estimated construction cost, which does not take
into consideration changing economic factors during the
design and building process, discourages many profession-
als from accepting federal work, the study asserts.
The AIA report to GAO calls for repeal of the statu-
tory limitation and suggests instead that an architect's
fee should be negotiated on the basis of the size, nature
and complexity of specific projects, the usual procedure
with private clients.
The Institute also recommends a government-wide
review of construction practices, including methods of
negotiating fees, to provide for uniform procedures
throughout all agencies. Different procedures used by sev-
eral agencies are inefficient and expensive, the report


Using Zonolite Masonry Fill
is the easiest, most economical
way to insulate walls like these.

Zonolite Masonry Fill Insulation reduces ther-
mal transmission through these walls up to
50%, significantly raises indoor wall temper-
atures, eliminates radiant heat exchange and
chilly downdrafts.
Result: Vastly increased comfort, a whop-
ping savings on fuel bills. And initial costs are
lower too because you install smaller, more
efficient heating and air conditioning systems.
So when it comes time to cut corners don't
cut out the Zonolite Masonry Fill Insulation.
It's only expensive when it's left out.
For more information consult your Zonolite




Through this new system
you may design for room
rearrangement at will while
maintaining environment standards



Here is a sea of space, air and light. And in this sea;
heating, cooling, ventilation and illumination are
furnished from above ceiling plane, in such disper-
sion that they do not restrict the possible arrange-
ment of rooms. Then too-the structural system is
so precise that by shifting movable partitions or
operable walls, a great many room plan arrange-
ments are feasible, present and future, while always
providing environment matching or exceeding that
with fixed partitions.
This is no pipe dream. It is Space GridT--a system
of integrated structural and mechanical systems
representing the cooperative design development
of a unified structural/mechanicals system by five
national manufacturers*; each highly qualified in
their own specialties.
Now, instead of spending frustrating days inte-
grating a half-dozen mechanical systems which
were designed without relation to one another, you
start with your total structural/mechanical instru-

ment, and proceed to design for the maximum effi-
ciency of all component systems.
Space Grid is one of the successful solutions to
the much-publicized SCSD** performance specifi-
cation for California school construction. But the
range of resources represented by the collaborat-
ing manufacturers comprising Space Grid extends
its application to manufacturing, administration,
commerce, recreation, rest homes and other simi-
lar end uses. Fast construction and single responsi-
bility are bonus benefits. For further details, refer
to Sweet's File 2A/Bu. Or write direct to Architec-
tural Systems Department, Butler Manufacturing
Company, 7418 East 13th Street, Kansas City,
Missouri 64126.
*Butler Manufacturing Company, E. F. Hauserman Company,
Lennox Industries Incorporated, Owens-Corning Fiberglas Cor-
poration, and other cooperating manufacturers. Space Grid is
a trademark of Butler Manufacturing Company.
**SCSD is the School Construction Systems Development proj-
ect of the Educational Facilities Laboratories.


Florida SCHOOL

(EDITOR'S NOTE: "The Florida
Architect" believes the potential of this
program is .far-reaching. We believe it
was a function of this publication's in-
formational service to the profession
and to the people of Florida to publish
this report, at the request of the project
team. The FAAIA has not subscribed
to this program and, as additional in-
formation becomes available, "The
Florida Architect" will again bring the
facts to the profession and .to the

Recent years have brought many
new, additional and unexpected de-
mands on the nation's schools.
From the ungraded memorize-and-
recite concept in a home or a one-
room schoolhouse, education has pro-
gressed through the graded system in
a self-contained classroom. First this
was a multi-floored, double-loaded
corridor school, later becoming a
single floor, finger plan type. Now
the complex, multi-experience-various
size education groups-along with
new teaching techniques, new pro-
grams and innovations require a
completely new type of educational
With rapidly developing education-
al aids and communications tech-
niques, modular scheduling and com-
puter programming, the school cen-
ter wihch is planned today to take ad-
vantage of these concepts as they are
made available on the local level will
greatly accelerate and popularize their
use, thereby making a real contribu-
tion to the over-all educational pro-
gram. This is most important to our
total educational environment and the
total community of Florida.
Planning these complex facilities
takes time and money. Too little
of the architect's time can be spent
in the development and planning
stages of a school because too much
of his time is required for solving the
problems concerned with putting to-
gether the thousands of specialized
parts that are now prerequisites in a
building. The architect needs time to
study the educational specifications,
carefully and deliberately, to develop
a well coordinated plan for the pres-
ent and have that plan be flexible
enough to meet the constantly chang-

Perspective of Fowler Drive Elementary School, Athens, Georgia. Architect: Heery &
Heery, Architects and Engineers.

ing educational requirements that
come upon us more rapidly every day.
It is and has been common prac-
tice for architects to design a public
building to last 30 to 50, or more,
years. Who would have thought in
1937, let's say, that education would
be hammering to get out of a self-
contained classroom as it is today;
that education would rapidly move
toward the extended day as well as
year-round programs; that education
would swing toward modular sched-
uling; that computerized techniques
would be available; that groupings
would change drastically in size, in-

creasing and decreasing in the same
day. The problem is further aggra-
vated by the tremendous amounts of
school construction that will be yet
required in Florida and by the ina-
bility of so many districts to even stay
current with space demands. So it is
rush, rush, rush, with insufficient
time for proper planning and the
pressures of budgets with too little
monies to keep up with demands for
space, that now cause many of our
school facilities to be out of date be-
fore they are completed and occupied.
All sorts of attempts have been
made to ease this time-money pres-

cafeteria / multipurpose
speech therapy
teacher's lounge
book storage
audio visual
activities area
class room
paved play
future class room pod
school bus loading
automobile loading
paved walk

~q :





Fowler Drive Elementary School plan.



sure in the designing of schools, of
good economy and in less time. Stock
plans, prefabrication, panelization and
modular approaches have all been
tried at one time or another. All of
these approaches have their draw-
backs, and few, if any, have seen
success in the United States.
The components approach, which
forms the basis of the Florida SCHOOL
SYSTEMS PROJECT for the State De-
partment of Education, has proven
successful in England and California.
The components approach attempts to
resolve the building by developing a
systems of parts that all work to-
gether. The sought-for gain in a
component system for the architect is
the reduction of production time dur-
ing the working drawing and super-
vision phases of his work. This then
leaves him with additional time avail-
able for design/development. Speed
of construction time and coordination
is the contractor's gain. While the
Owner benefits from all those features
mentioned, the major benefit to the
Owner is in flexibility of space within
the confines of the exterior wall line.
England, at the end of World War
II, was faced with a large backlog of
needed schoolhouse construction. The
British conceived a modular systems
approach to produce school buildings
quickly and economically. The Educa-
tional Facilities Laboratories (EFL),

New York City, a Ford Foundation
supported agency, sponsored a project
using a similar technique which was
initiated in California in 1961 involv-
ing 13 school districts, 22 separate
buildings, over 2 million square feet
and an estimated 30 million dollar
budget. The Stanford University School
Planning Laboratory and EFL set up
a group to handle the project, School
Construction Systems Development
(SCSD). The project was limited,
generally, to secondary schools and to
six systems of components: 1. Struc-
ture; 2. heating, ventilation and air
conditioning; 3. lighting and ceiling;
4. fixed, movable and operatable in-
terior partitions; 5. storage units and
laboratory furniture; and 6. book
The first step in the SCSD pro-
gram was to prepare educational spe-
cifications broad enough to cover the
requirements of all the school districts
that joined the project. Project staff
architects then used these as a basis
for developing detailed performance
specifications for the 6 component
systems. Manufacturers placed unit
price bids for the components design-
ed to meet the requirements of the
performance specifications. By exer-
cising their judgment in evaluating
cost and solution to problem, the
project staff chose the best bid.
Individual member school districts

Discussing SCSD components are Harold L. Cramer, EdD (left), project director, State
Department of Education; and James Yates Bruce, AIA, (right), project architect,
State Department of Education.

developed educational specifications
for specific school plants and their
architects provided designs using the
component systems. Bids were taken
on the buildings, from general con-
tractors, as is normally done, with the
exception that the bids of the systems
producers were based upon unit prices
previously established with the SCSD
The purpose of Florida SSP is to
"build better schools and build them
more economically." This sounds great
but of more importance are the edu-
cational specifications that become
the backbone for the performance
specifications that sets forth the sys-
tems requirements.
A system that because of its so-
phisticated integration of components
allows a physical plant to be built (as
plant requirements dictate) at a cost
picture commensurate with less so-
phisticated building projects, thereby
affording built-in value in quality of
finishes, distribution of audio visual
and mechanical systems, complete
flexibility of space, clear span column
free spaces, etc., is not only contrary
to "stock plans" but adds scope to
potential educational value of any
given project designated under Florida
Florida SSP proposes to achieve a
fully flexible component system by
way of performance specifications that
will produce: (a) overall lighting var-
iable at levels between 70 fc and 2CO
fc as well as variable between direct,
semi-direct and luminuous ceilings;
(b) flat or coffered ceilings either
hard surface or acoustical surface;
(c) air conditioning flexible enough
to serve areas as small as 450 sq. ft.
and as large as 3600 sq. ft, with
proper distribution methods as well as
proper controls; (d) systems of par-
titions including fixed, movable and
operatable partitions, each with a
variety of surfaces and finishes; (e)
and a structural column and spanning
system capable of maintaining a
"sandwich" thickness, from top of
roof to bottom of ceiling, not to ex-

A 1 ~.A ilk

El Dorado High School perspective, Placentia, California. Architect: William E. Blurock & Associates.

ceed 3' deep with spans up to 70'.
In spans over 70' for the gymnasium,
and like, the depth shall not exceed
5'. All lighting, air conditioning, and
structures shall be integrated within
the "sandwich" thickness while all
partitioning shall fasten into the ceil-
ing-lighting system on its grid pat-
The totally integrated component
system shall allow partition arrange-
ments on a 4" module, the ceiling/
lighting grid on a 5' module and a
vertical column module of 2' between
10' and 26'. Steel, concrete and wood
manufacturers of structural systems,
as well as air conditioning, ceiling/
lighting and partitioning systems man-
ufacturers, are being interviewed con-
tinuously to gather reactions toward
participation in the program, with
considerable success.
At this time, it appears a construc-
tion budget of $20,00,0,000 to $40,-
000,000, over a two or three year
building period, will be necessary to
offer industry the proper incentive to
become involved since the research
and development monies will be con-
siderable. The construction budget
monies will be required during July
1970 through July 1972 or 1973. Ten
large school districts and one small
school district have shown more than
passing interest in the project to date.
It is not the project staff's intent or
suggestion that these interested coun-

ties pool all of their capital improve-
ment budgets into the program, but
each participating district should take
one or more new schools or large ad-
ditions out of their regular program
and commit same to Florida SSP on a
"let's see how this program works"
basis. If the results are as favorable
as it appears they will be, more dis-
tricts may wish to participate and the
participating districts may wish to in-
crease their participation in the pro-

The first report of the project staff
to the Superintendent, State Depart-
ment of Education, is due prior to the
meeting of the Legislature in April.
The first report will advise the Super-
intendent as to the acceptability by
the various school districts, school ar-
chitects, school contractors, and school
orientated industry of a project such
as this. The first report will also ad-
vise the Superintendent as to proceed-
ing further with a project of this type
and magnitude.

S" ..... .. "".
,-,, '-U

-L_L ............ ..

Plan of El Dorado High School.

People who Wein GA houses..

MR. ARCHITECT: With the tremen-
dous advances in gas service resulting
from the industry's multi-million-dollar
research program, your natural gas
utility can provide convincing evidence
that natural gas is not just highly com-

petitive but actually superior cost-
wise, performancewise, safetywise! So it
just doesn't make sense to turn all the
homework over to one jack-of-all-trades
service when









0F I
Outside i
Temp. I

BTU/Sq. Ft. HR. 'F.

I--- I 8" Masonry Wall

Thermal resistance calculations are analogous to electrical
problems in that under a constant temperature differential
(voltage drop) a higher resistance will reduce the heat flow
This heat flow (summer and winter) must be paid for in
higher fuel costs and in larger heating and air-conditioning
mechanical equipment.
The increased insulation provided by Solite masonry units
substantially reduces the cost of heating and air-conditioning.
A secondary benefit of using Solite masonry is the warmer
inside wall temperatures that protect against cold, sweating
walls. Condensation starts when inside wall temperature drops
below the dew point of the interior air.

Lightweight Masonry Units and Structural Concrete
Atlantic Coast Line Building, Jacksonville, Florida 32202


"Not at all, Tommy.
It's the modern way to keep
thermal environment
in step with
changing needs." '


"Isn't this

S"Thermal environment,
silly. It's what
keeps you awake.
Isn't it, Miss Jones?"

S 1,:,. bl: 'A JiI ]',:,ur[ ; .,:,. E F. Hi u ,: rrr, r, C:.m r" nr,

New Lennox Direct Multizone System

-keeps comfort in step with changing interior spaces

-Movable walls have been dividing and
expanding interior space for some time.
-But because heating and air condition-
jng systems were "locked" to the floor,
it has been hard for comfort to follow.
'" Now the Lennox Direct Multizone Sys-
tem provides the final step in space flexi-
bility. Its fiberglass ducts plug or unplug
anywhere into the ceiling. Moving
around, as the walls move, to maintain
-the proper thermal environment in each
new area. As a result, today's lecture hall
becomes tomorrow's "complete" 1st
grade classroom. A change typical of
many modern buildings- industrial
plants, office buildings, clinics, stores-
wherever space can't afford to be static.

Lennox DMS unit is a sleek, 42" low,
roof-top system that heats, cools and
ventilates at the same time. Thus it can
cool a crowded, sun-washed, window-


walled room while it heats a room look-
ing north.
It can, in fact, deliver 12 different
temperatures of air to 12 different
rooms, at the same instant. And at any
temperature under 570, the DMS brings
in outdoor air to provide "free" cooling.
Each unit delivers up to 22 tons cool-
ing and 500,000 Btuh heating.
The Lennox DMS is a complete, fac-
tory-assembled package, including all
components, wiring and controls. We
offer total, single-source accountability
for its performance.
For information write: Lennox Indus-
tries Inc., P. O. Box 340, Decatur,


X~ I~( (
. i


A*/6'z / .L



Houdaille.Span precast, prestressed concrete slabs complete one entire floor
in one day !






M,,AA.cr,, tfl-1.,O


years of


t7 aluminum doors
112- 32nd Avenue West, Bradenton, Florida

Engineering Laboratories
ORLANDO-Guest speakers from
Atlanta and Washington, D. C., will
be featured at an Engineering Labor-
atories Workshop in Winter Park on
February 10, sponsored by the Engi-
neering Laboratory Practices Commit-
tee of the Florida Engineering So-
George Nelson, P.E., of Atlanta,
currently president of the American
Council of Independent Laboratories,
will discuss "Selection of Engineering
J. R. Dise, of Washington, man-
ager of the Cement and Concrete
Laboratory of the National Bureau
of Standards, will describe "Services
of the National Bureau of Standards
of Interest to Engineering Labora-
The workshop is being held for
officers and key personnel of engineer-
ing laboratories throughout the State,
as well as interested engineers, archi-
tects and contractors. It will be held
at Winter Park's Langford Hotel.
Registration will begin at 9 a.m.
The program will run from 10 a.m. to
4:30 p.m. including a group luncheon
at noon. There will be a nominal
registration fee.



We can fill all your design needs
for any type, size or shape of
cast bronze or aluminum
plaques, name panels or dec-
orative bas-reliefs

3737 N. W. 43rd Street, Miami


s. .,-

---- "

(7) Terrazzo floors add a note of luxury. (8) Con-
crete block walls with special exposed surfaces provide
decorative effects throughout the building. (9) Con-
crete block units are also used in partition walls.




Work Together in This
New College Building

The new Center Campus Building of Fairfield
University blends a wide variety of concrete
techniques to produce a design of unusual
interest. It shows how cast-in-place concrete
combined with precast concrete can so easily
conform to an architect's ideas. He is almost
unlimited in his freedom of design.
Lehigh Cement was used in the ready mixed
concrete for both precast and cast-in-place
concrete. Precasting of wall panels, columns
and miscellaneous units was done on the job
site by the E & F Construction Company.
With such a wide variety of construction
techniques, uniform dependable quality of the
ready mix was of vital importance. Coupled
with the skill and ingenuity of the contractor,
it permitted the rendering of a most unusual
and interesting new structure. Lehigh Port-
land Cement Company, Allentown, Pa. Dis-
trict Sales Office: Jacksonville, Fla. 33216.
Owner: Fairfield University, Fairfield, Conn.
Architect: J. G. Phelan & Associates, Bridgeport, Conn.
Robert H. Mutrux, Associate in charge
Contractor: The E & F Construction Company,
Bridgeport, Conn.
RIM: Silliman Company, Bridgeport, Conn.
Concrete Block: Milford Concrete Products, Inc.,
Milford, Conn.


(10) West facade of building features sculptured cast-in-place walls
below cantilevered beam construction. (11) Beams over recreational
area in this structural system are post-tensioned. (12) Large precast
wall panels enclose the second floor area.

(1) A system of concrete walks, some of exposed aggregate sur-
faces, encircle the building. (2) Taking advantage of the terrain,
a cast-in-place post-tensioned bridge carries the walk to the main
entrance. (3) Precast columns and wall panels are used through-
out the structure, providing both interior and exterior architectural
effects. (4) Lower level exterior walls on east facade are bush-
hammered. (5) Roof decking is precast. (6) Spandrel at top of
building and the fireplace chimney units are precast.

JOHN F. HALLMAN, JR., Pres. & Treasurer
MARK. P. J. WILLIAMS, Vice-Pres.

G. ED LUNSFORD, JR., Secretary


Butler Manufacturing Co.
(Buildings Division)



"Beautiful and Permanent Building Materials"

TRINITY 5-0043





We are prepared to give the fullest cooperation and the best
quality and service to the ARCHITECTS, CONTRACTORS and
OWNERS on any of the many Beautiful and Permanent Building
Materials we handle. Write, wire or telephone us COLLECT for
complete information, samples and prices.

Represented in Florida by

10247 Colonial Court North

Jacksonville, Florida 32211

Telephone: (904) 724-7958

Certified Plumbers of South Florida
Back Cover

Cline Aluminum Products, Inc.

Florida Caterpillar Dealers
Inside Back Cover

Florida Foundry & Pattern Works

Florida Gas Transmisison Co.

Florida Investor-Owned
Electric Utilities

Florida Municipal
Utilities Association

Florida Natural Gas Association

Florida Portland Cement Division

Houdaille-Duval-Wright Co.,
Division of Houdaille Industries, Inc.

Lehigh Portland Cement Co.

Lennox Industries Inc.

Oil Fuel Institute of Florida

Richard Plumer Business Interiors

Solite Corporation

F. Graham Williams Co.

Zonolite Div., W. R. Grace & Co.







...Cat engines see to that

For year 'round processing of Florida orange
juice, the H. W. Given Company of Deland
relies on the year 'round dependability of three
Caterpillar natural gas engines.
These three engines drive three low tempera-
ture refrigeration compressors and at half
the cost of outside commercial electric power.
The cold storage compartment temperatures

are kept down as low as 150 below zero.
The Given Company has the power they need
and the economy they want with these Cat
No matter what your needs prime power or
standby power contact your Florida Cater-
pillar dealer. He can assist you in engineering
Caterpillar capabilities to fit your needs.


Caterpillar, Cat and Traxcavator are Registered Trademarks of Caterpillar Tractor Co.

Return Requested
1000 Ponce de Leon Blvd.
Coral Gables, Fla. 33134
Accepted As Controlled Circulation
Publication at Miami, Fla.

Un lvrsity of Floria Libraries
Ga i ,ivi1 i Fia.

An Association of Certified Master Plumbers and
Certified Journeymen, members of Plumbers
Local 519, who indicate through their contribution
of time and money that they are concerned with
the proper installation of plumbing for the pro-
tection of Public Health and Safety.

See Our Display at the Galerie of Building Products, Douglas Village.