Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 What caused this situation?
 The question of reciprocity
 Ten steps to stardom
 Some pros and cons of reorgani...
 The FAA members honored by...
 Questionnaire for candidates
 Today's pronouncements on yesterday's...
 Memoranda of procedure - part...
 News and notes
 Advertisers' index
 Art, architecture, and atrocit...
 Message from the president
 Back Cover


Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00070
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: April 1960
Frequency: quarterly
Subjects / Keywords: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
System ID: UF00073793:00070
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
        Page 3
    What caused this situation?
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    The question of reciprocity
        Page 7
    Ten steps to stardom
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Some pros and cons of reorganization
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
    The FAA members honored by fellowships
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Questionnaire for candidates
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Today's pronouncements on yesterday's forecasts
        Page 24
        Page 25
    Memoranda of procedure - part II
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    News and notes
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
    Advertisers' index
        Page 36
        Page 37
    Art, architecture, and atrocities
        Page 38
    Message from the president
        Back Cover 1
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

W A A Flo

This- publication- is. copyrighted. by- the- Florida.
Association. of. the. American. Institute. of-
Architects- and- is- an- official- journal- of- the-

Limited permission to. digitize- and make this- electronic-
version available- has- been- granted- by the. Association-
to- the- University- of- Florida- on- behalf- of- the- State-
University- System* of F lorida.

Use- of- this- version- is- restricted- by. United- States-
Copyright- legislation- and- its- fair use- provisions.- Other-
uses- may- be- a vi olati on -of- copyri ght. protect ons.

Requests- for- permissions- should- be- directed to- the-
Florida- Association- of. the. American- Institute. of-
Architects.- Contact- information- is- available- at- the-
Association' sweb site.

illA '[ilfi
AS F T o t A I

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^

j?,etat 57ozm 74e 6amO a4 ...

U/F Alumni

Because the Unier.ily of
Florida i; a State-operated
and financed inst.tutlon it
cannot budget nor borrow
funds needed to pro, ide the
one-to-nine matching sum
necessary TO assure an allo-
cation from the National De-
fense Loan Fund Thus do-
nations must be relied upon
to raise the 190000 needed
to establish a basei for the
total re%,')ling fund required
for student aid during the
next four ears Hence this
appeal for alumni help

- Everywhere!

* Your University needs $90,000. That sum is required
to provide funds on a matching basis so students at your
University can take advantage of the National Defense
Loan Fund established by the U. S. Government. For each
dollar from the University the NDLF will allocate nine
to provide a revolving fund of almost a million dollars to
help struggling students complete their education.

* The U/F student body has pledged its help to raise
some $20,000 of the sum needed. Students are looking to
you alumni for the remaining $70,000. A gift from each
of you will reach the goal-and every dollar thus donated
is tax deductible.

* There's no better time than right now to help your Uni-
versity-and there's no better reason for helping your
University than to make sure that some fine, up-and-
coming youngster gets the loan he needs in time to help
him over the rough financial spots on the road to a college
degree. And who knows-maybe the boy your dollars aid
today will be serving your business later with the skill
and knowledge you helped make it possible to acquire.

* Remember your own college days. If you had a rocky
financial path to walk-give so others may find the going
easier. And if things went smooth and fine for you-give
so that others can avoid some of the frustrations and
heartbreaks you didn't know existed.

Write a check today to:
University of Florida Endowment Corp.
And send it promptly to:
University Alumni Association; P. O. Box 3535
University Station, Gainesville, Fla.



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APRIL, 1960


Florida Architect

Ie 74 Ia e ----

What Caused This Situation? . . .
The Question of Reciprocity .. .....
First of a Series on Florida's Registration Law
Ten Steps to Stardom ............
By Wilbert Schafer
Some Pros and Cons of Reorganization . .
Six Commentaries on "A New Structure for the AIA"
Three FAA Members Honored by Fellowships .
Letters . .
Questionnaire for Candidates . . .
Three Gubernatorial Hopefuls Answer Five Questions
Today's Pronouncements on Yesterday's Forecasts .
Memoranda of Procedure Part II . .
By Thomas Larrick, AIA
News and Notes ..............
Advertisers' Index .............
Art, Architecture and Atrocities . . .
Guest Editorial by George Farkas, NAID
Message From The President . . .
By John Stetson, AIA

John Stetson, President, P.O. Box 2174, Palm Beach
Verner Johnson, First Vice-President, 250 N. E. 18th Street, Miami
Arthur Lee Campbell, Second V.-Pres., Room 208, Security Bldg., Gainesville
Robert B. Murphy, Third Vice-President, 1210 Edgewater Drive, Orlando
Francis R. Walton, Secretary, 142 Bay Street, Daytona Beach
Roy M. Pooley, Jr., Treasurer, Suite 209, 233 E. Bay Street, Jacksonville

BROWARD COUNTY: Robert E. Hall, Jack W. Zimmer; DAYTONA BEACH:
David A. Leete; FLORIDA CENTRAL: Eugene H. Beach, Anthony L. Pullara,
Robert C. Wielage; FLORIDA NORTH: Turpin C. Bannister, FAIA, M. H.
WEST: W. Stewart Morrison; FLORIDA SOUTH: James L. Deen, H. Samuel
Kruse, Herbert R. Savage; JACKSONVILLE: A. Robert Broadfoot, A. Eugene
Cellar, Taylor Hardwick; MID-FLORIDA: Charles L. Hendrick, James E.
Windham, III; PALM BEACH: Kenneth Jacobson, Jefferson N. Powell.

Verna M. Sherman, Administrative Secretary, 414 Dupont Plaza Center, Miami

This month's cover one of the calmest processed so far this year was
the design idea of a Fourth Year architectural student at U/F who signed
himself simply "PARAS".....Our grapevine tells us these student-designed
covers are being very well received by the magazine's readership and that
Bill Wedemeyer, Student AIA Chapter president, plans to appoint a committee
to keep them coming. More power to us all!

. 4
. 7

. . .13
. 21

. 18
...... 20
. 21

. 24
. 26

...... 30
...... 36
. 38

. 3rd Cover

The FLORIDA ARCHITECT, Official Journal of
the Florida Association of Architects of the
American Institute of Architects, is owned by
the Florida Association of Architects, Inc., a
Florida Corporation not for profit, and is pub-
lished monthly, at 7225 S. W. 82nd Ct.,
Miami 43, Florida; telephone MOhawk 5-5032.
Editorial contributions, including plans and
photographs of architects' work, are welcomed
but publication cannot be guaranteed. Opinions
expressed by contributors are not necessarily
those of the Editor or the Florida Association
of Architects. Editorial material may be freely
reprinted by other official AIA publications,
provided full credit is given to the author
and to The FLORIDA ARCHITECT for prior use.
. Advertisements of products, materials and
services adaptable for use in Florida are wel-
comed, but mention of names or use of illus-
trations, of such materials and products in
either editorial or advertising columns does not
constitute endorsement by the Florida Associ-
ation of Architects. Advertising material must
conform to standards of this publication; and
the right is reserved to reject such material be-
cause of arrangement, copy or illustrations.
. Accepted as controlled circulation publi-
cation at Miami, Florida.
Printed by McMurray Printers




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APRIL, 1960

- I~ ~----~-.~~- :i.::- .....

4201 St. Augustine Road
P.O. Box 10025, Jacksonville, Florida

in Tallahassee I.r.l Yateiis

What Caused This Situation-

Coincidence or Cowardice?

The following letter and the pub-
lished item to which it refers are
carried here for three reasons. First is
to publicize the FAA Secretary's denial
of meddling "in Tallahassee affairs."
Second is to expose one of the means
by which flames of controversy may be
fanned. The third is to deplore the
mentality of anyone who would seek
to insult and embarrass a colleague
under the cloak of a stupid and craven

The Democrat,
Tallahassee, Fla.
I just received in the mail a clip-
ping of an item from your "Mail
Box," carrying a headline "Applauds
Courage of Sitdowners" and signed
by someone using my name. This
clipping was sent to me by an un-
known writer who wrote across the
front in red pencil "You stupid bas-
tard-why don't you stick to the
practice of architecture in Daytona
and stay out of Tallahassee affairs?"
I did not write this piece which
you published; and, on careful exam-
ination of the work, it appears to
have been done by a professional jour-
nalist using language, vocabulary and
style unfamiliar to me. Your records
will, no doubt, indicate to you the
source of the original writing. In this,
I am not really interested.
The architects of this state- have
many and varied views on many sub-
jects; and in my voluntary work to

Here is the item be-
hind the letter. We agree -..
with Mr. Walton he d ? 1
doesn't write like this; ..,
and so the signature was *"'
quite possibly a coinci- on-
dence. But the writing ,
across it wasn't. The man
who scrawled it didn't
hurt Mr. Walton only r,
himself. We hope he may ., u,..-
if slh 1ttim f ploP R
come to see this-and =M U".
be ashamed. -.f Nf M..

help build the organization and im-
prove its effectiveness, I would not
(as an officer) inject myself into
sensitive areas of this kind.
By sheer coincidence, a meeting
is to be held next weekend at Wa-
kulla Springs of the Board of Directors
and officers of The Florida Associa-
tion of Architects, which I had plan-
ned to attend. If the local architects
who feel strongly about this, as my
unknown correspondent does, I might
expect to be met at the County line
with tar and feathers. At least, the
relations with local members of your
A.I.A. Chapter will be less than cor-
dial if they continue to believe that
I wrote this piece.
I would appreciate very much your
taking the time and trouble to call
two architects in your town and clear
up this misunderstanding with them.
One of these men is the Chapter
President, Mr. Lawrence Evans
(phone No. 2-3770) and the other
is Mr. James Stripling, whom I have
known for many years in association
I am sending a copy of this letter
(along with a photostat of the clip-
ping) to the editor of our publication,
The Florida Architect, in hopes that
he may verify to the membership my
statement that I have not meddled in
your Tallahassee affairs.
Thank you.
Yours very truly,
Secretary, F.A.A.


a --- ---- -. ---

EDWARDS, McKIMMON & ETHEREDGE, Raleigh, N. C., Architects;
EZRA MEIR & ASSOCIATES, Raleigh, N. C., Engineers;
WILLIAM C. VICK, Raleigh, N. C., Contractor.

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WHATEVER YOU BUILD The professional advice of an architect or engineer can save
you time and money and provide the integrity of design that means lasting satisfaction.

APRIL, 1960




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~- ,n"~ 'I

- E(1 1_ ~11~-91

* '

*i~ ~;
?F *

'nocw Ton State actw...

The Question of Reciprocity

Many otherwise well-informed
architects seem to believe that the
State Board of Architecture not only
recognizes reciprocity of registration,
but has adopted the practice as one
of its regulatory policies. This is not
the case.
The misunderstanding has probably
been created by the substantial num-
ber of registrations granted to archi-
tects who do not maintain an office
in Florida; many after registration
move away from Florida but retain
Florida registration. Florida architects
who are registered in other states may
do the same sort of thing. But this
is by no means an indication of any
reciprocal registration practice or
policy of the State Board. Registration
requirements are set by the State
Board, through its official Rules and
Regulations, which requirements the
law charges the Board with determin-
ing (Ch. 467.06), and are fixed by
the general provisions of the Statutes
referring to examinations and admis-
sion to registration for architectural
practice without examination (Ch.
467.08 and Ch. 467.11). It is this
latter classification registration by
exemption which has given rise and
apparent substance to the reciprocity
rumor. The real facts are these.
Section 467.11 of the State law,
prohibits registration to practice archi-
tecture in Florida without examina-
tion except, under two clearly stated
qualifying conditions but under
neither does the Statute require the
applicant to be a resident of Florida.
Under the first, an applicant must
have passed an NCARB examination
and furnish to the Board "satisfactory
evidence of continued honorable pro-
fessional conduct .". The second
involves the applicant who holds an
unexpired registration to practice in
another state or country. He is eligible
for registration provided the require-
ments of his current registration
". .are found by the Board to be
the equivalent of the requirements for
registration in this state by examina-
tion; and provided further that the
APRIL, 1960

applicant submits satisfactory evid-
ence of his present ability and integ-
Once the Board determines the out-
of-state applicant has met the various
requirements of the Statute and the
Board's regulations, then it can grant
the applicant registration to practice
in Florida. While in Section 467.11
it is stated the Board "shall issue"
registration, this does not mean the
Board has no discretion. While the
word "shall" is legally construed fre-
quently to mean "may", the Board
does not act arbitrarily or unreason-
ably in its determination. It was not
intended by the Statute to make the
Board a legal rubber stamp. Neither
does it imply that the Board has no
discretion. On the contrary, the law
charges the Board to use its judgment
relative to "satisfactory evidence" of
both competency and conduct on the
part of each applicant for registration
by exemption. Thus the Board is re-
sponsible for determining first if the
sum total "evidence" of an applicant
fully meets the established technical
requirements and professional stand-
ards; and if it does, the Board has the
added responsibility, under the law,
of authorizing a registration.
This double responsibility is
accepted with the utmost seriousness
by the Board. Each application is
handled as a separate and distinct
case. Statements are subject to cor-

roboration; experience records are
checked as to type, extent and com-
prehensive character. In the case of
an NCARB certificate application,
past examination grades are scrutin-
ized in comparison with the Board's
established standards for Florida; and
often the Board will not grant regis-
tration without weighing evidence
additional to that furnished with an
application. In some cases this may
be further clarification on experience.
In others it may involve a personal
appearance of the applicant before
the Board which often includes a
critical evaluation of drawings and
specifications a n d photographs of

Finished work to determine that abili-
ties are fully "satisfactory" within the
provisions of the law.
Contrary to popular belief, not all
such applicants are granted registra-
tion by exemption by the Board. In
a number of cases the character of
an applicant's experience has been
the basis for withholding approval.
In others the type and character of
the applicant's submitted work which
has been reason enough for refusal.
And in one recent case, the Board
having found a technical deficiency in
one experienced applicant's record,
required the satisfactory passing of
part of the written junior examination
before approval for registration could
be given. In all instances the pros
(Continued on Page 8)

This is the first of a continuing series of articles on the Archi-
tects' Law of Florida -Chapter 467 of the Florida Statutes.
The series has been designed to bring to practicing architects
and others clarification of various provisions of the law. Some of
these provisions have been the subject of misunderstanding on
the part of many practicing architects. To make certain that
explanations of them are both clear and accurate, these articles
have been submitted to members of the Florida State Board of
Architecture prior to publication.

~__ i

(Continued from Page 7)
and cons of each situation are fully
discussed; but over the course of many
years the Board's final decision to
grant registration has been by unan-
imous action of its members.
Aside from the provisions of the
law which the Board is sworn to
administer, the Board has no obliga-
tion, express or implied, to grant regis-
tration by exemption meaning, of
course, without the examinations the
law requires. This State has no reci-
procal agreements with other states

regarding architectural practice regis-
trations. The non-resident architects
now registered in Florida have pro-
vided valid evidence of full technical
and professional competence. The
standards they have been required to
meet are now among the highest in
the nation. So, if they sometimes com-
pete with resident practitioners, at
least the competition is on a level of
the honorable professional conduct,
integrity and technical ability neces-
sary to safeguard the public and
thus to meet the basic requirement
which our Florida statute was
designed to establish.

Ten Steps to Stardom

President, Draftsmen's Club of Miami

Anyone who has ever sat on a stool
and pushed a pencil knows that the
drafting room is the power plant of
any architect's office. Here is where,
ultimately, a design is made or broken.
Here is where a profit is made or lost.
And here, too, is developed the dif-
ference between a cooperative, closely-
knit, productive organization what
the printers call "a happy shop"-
and a group of clock-watchers to
whom payroll means much more than
The key to this difference -the
spark-plug of the power plant is the
head of the drafting room. His respon-
sibilities are direct, varied and mani-
fold. And the authority he wields to
balance these responsibilities ap-
proaches, in many cases, the absolute.
What should be the measure of
this man? One important part of the
answer was expressed in a recent issue
of the MONTHLY REPORT, issued by
The Draftsmens' Club of Miami. It
is reproduced here-with appreciation
-by permission of that organization.
It originally was published in the
department of the MONTHLY REPORT
called "The President Has A Word."

The other week the secretary of a
certain architectural office called and
said that they needed a senior drafts-
man. Would the Club send somebody
for an interview with a sample of his
work. DICK CRANFIELD and I called a

number of members who were out of
work and when they heard the name
of the office the answer was the same:
"No thanks, I'm not that hungry."
I don't know what makes an adult
act like a child. But I do know that
a tantrum is out of place in the Draft-
ing Room. If the automobile in front
of you in a long line of traffic stalls,
you can blow your horn and cuss the
driver-but it will only agitate him
and compound his errors.
Anyway, this made me stop and
think about this all important job:
the head of the Drafting Room. If you
are willing to read on, I have listed
some qualities that I think he should
He should be-or aspire to be-an
artist and have a profound knowledge
of, and a sympathy for, the sister arts
of music, literature, painting, theater,
He should "believe in" each project
and infect the whole office with this
He should have that self respect
which gains its stature through respect
for others. He should habitually use
the same set of manners-showing the
same respect, deference and courtesy
to his fellow workers and salesmen
calling at the office that he shows to
clients. (It should not be necessary
for me to point it out, but so that
there is no doubt, I am not talking
about the approach of the "Win
(Continued on Page 37)

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day- right here in Florida! Let us tell you
about them.
APRIL, 1960


_ _

Curtain Walls Made with Trinity White Southland Center, Dallas

* Orientation View. The Ipc.d.urr
and Ihe e ter..:r endi -:.1 bi.th the
Southland Tv, rr a.'d ShAral.:.n Dallai
ar-e Curlan '.alll made .,-, Tr.r..y

( Close-up. LI: 1.ng uE ard 5'50
ieet GI Curfa.r .all r:n ihe 4b 1. :r
Southland L.ie buld.r.ng

1 -

Owners: Southland Life Insurance-Co., Dallas
Architects & Engineers: Welton Becket,
FAIA, & Associates, Los Angeles and Dallas
Curtain Walls: Manufactured by Wailes Pre-
cast Concrete Corp., Los Angeles and Dallas

A Product of
Chicago Chattanooga Dallas Fort Worth Houston
Fredonia (Kan.) Jackson (Mich.)
Tampa Miami Los Angeles

The advantages of concrete curtain walls' S
are well established. To these advantages
Trinity White Portland Cement makes s' ,
an added contribution-the beauty of ,
purest white and truer colors. .

A-4!, ., M



I i

4 ltea' Seracro 576%e ?74 ,444...

Some Pros and Cons of Reorganization

At the AIA Convention in San
Francisco this month the AIA Board
of Directors will present a proposal for
a radically new structure for the In-
stitute. This proposal was described
in a pamphlet issued early this year
to every AIA member. During the
past several weeks it has been the sub-
ject of much discussion between indi-
viduals and at Chapter meetings
throughout the State.
Following so closely the Board's
action in declaring Florida a District
of the AIA, it was inevitable that the
proposal-which, among other things

would rescind Florida's present status
and make it a part of an even larger
district than formerly (nine states in-
stead of four) should raise ques-
tions among Florida's AIA member-
To sound out the feelings of this
membership, and thus, perhaps, to
clarify some of the points embodied
in the proposal, The Florida Archi-
tect asked for comments from six of
the profession's leaders in the State.
Four of these have been- one still
is- President of the FAA. Of these
one is currently an AIA Director, an-
other is the 1960-61 Director-Nominee

from the Florida District. Both of the
others have served on AIA national
committees; and all six have served
as Chapter Presidents and have other-
wise demonstrated their interest in,
and loyalty to, the purposes and ob-
jectives of their professional organiza-
Obviously, commentary of six indi-
viduals does not constitute a cross-
section of opinion of the AIA Board's
proposal. But it does offer a basis for
constructive discussion not only in
the Florida District, but also else-

Commentary No. One...

Jacksonville Chapter

In compliance with your request,
here are my opinions with reference
to the pamphlet "A New Structure for
AIA" which has recently been received
by all AIA members. There are two
basic premises upon which my opin-
ions are established:
1. Entirely too many vertical sub-
divisions of the Institute have
grown up in recent years; and it
is important that any plan for In-
stitute reorganization streamline
rather than add still more "steps
in the ladder."
2. Attendance at conventions has
generally been on a haphazard
basis, with the selection of those
going to the convention being based
on the proximity of location of the
convention, the financial ability of
the members to take the time to
go and other factors quite often
having no relation at all to the
members' factual knowledge of the
issues to be resolved. As in our
Federal Governmental organization,
APRIL, 1960

we have long since out-grown "Gov-
ernment by Convention"; and a
true delegate system should be es-
tablished to control the destinies
of the Institute.
It is not my intent, in making the
following suggestions, to detract in
any way from the value of technical
and professional meetings held at the
Chapter, State or National level. Cer-
tainly, meetings of this type should be
continued and would be attended, I
believe, by many in the profession
who have no interest in the business
matters. I do question the wisdom or
necessity for such meetings at the dis-
trict level, since every state now has
at least one AIA Chapter.
Using the various parts of the book-
let "A New Structure for AIA" as a
basis for my opinions, I list hereinafter
my suggestions for a reorganization of
the AIA:
The Chapter (page 7)-Eliminate
reference to "Divisions." In my opin-
ion all subdivisions below the State

Organization should be "Chapters."
Otherwise the proposal in the booklet
is acceptable to me.
The State Association (pages 7 and
8)-The description of this subdi-
vision is well done-except that I
would eliminate the word "Division"
wherever it appears.
The District Council (page 9-
Eliminate entirely.
The Board of Directors (pages 9,
10 and 11)-Eliminate reference to
the National Council and to election
of the District Vice Presidents by
their own Districts. In my opinion
the President should be eligible to
succeed himself. Remainder accept-
The National Convention (page
11)-Eliminate entirely and substi-
tute in lieu thereof:
The House of Delegates--This
should be the parent governmental
body of the Institute. It should be
composed of approximately 150 In-
stitute Members elected for two year
staggered terms by each State Orga-
nization on the basis of one dele-
gate to represent each 100 members,
or any fraction thereof. It should meet
annually and at special meetings on
(Continued on Page 14)

Some Pros and Cons...
(Continued from Page 13)
the call of the President, or by peti-
tion of 10% of its membership. It
should be the policy-making body;
and all activities should come under
its control and scrutiny. It should
elect the officers of the Institute and




Since, by the time
published, the Conve
tically be in session, it
to review some of the
have occurred at the I
I find that most of
discussed are reoccurri
tions at the Chapter
Since at first I foun
agreement with the
over the course of a
found the plan so m
plained that I am no
with it-rather than r
of correspondence, let'
part of this corresj
Arthur Odell, Jr., D
South Atlantic Distric
ough criticism of th
counter proposal. In
letter I summed up
ments in favor of th
condensed a form as i
is my answer:
"Your reaction to
reorganization was th
when I first heard
after taking part in
cussions about it, I
that the principles o
proposed plan were cc
in favor of its immed

the Directors (one Director from each
of the six districts) from within its
own membership. Speaking and voting
should be restricted to the members
of the House of Delegates; and voting
by proxy should not be permitted.
The accompanying chart illustrates
the proposed governmental organiza-
tion structure as described above.




ary No. Two...

,ard County Chapter, AIA District Director

this article is "Your fears as to 'representation'
nation will prac- sound familiar because they were the
might be good same ones I first thought of in con-
discussions that nection with the plan. My first point
Board meetings, of view was to make comparisons with
the points we political or governmental organization;
ng in conversa- and on this premise 'representation'
level, means power and authority to force
d myself in dis- 'legislation.' But in terms of an
plan-and then ethical and educational organization I
year's meeting found (after some experience on the
modified and ex- Board) the problems that needed de-
w in agreement cision were truly national in scope;
review a long file and I should have the same point of
s get to the last view whether I came from Florida or
pondence. Mr. New York or Wisconsin. By careful
directorr of the observation I found this was true of
t, wrote a thor- the other Board members.
ie plan and a "It seems now to me that geo-
answering his graphical representation is useful to
my own argu- the administration of the Institute in
e change in as keeping close communication with
possible So here Chapter and State organization. Since
the new structure provides a forum
the proposed for the State Organizations to meet
e same as mine and discuss ways to increase this com-
of it. However, munication, I feel the new structure
many long dis- provides us with the proper two ad-
finally decided ministrative functions: (1) a small
f the presently Board, meeting frequently to keep
correct and voted national affairs in order; and (2) a
iate adoption. forum for states' presidents to have

personal contact with the national
Board and officers to discuss im-
portant issues, explore the basic di-
rection of the Institute and take back
to the Chapters in each state direct
information on what is going on.
"I would think the method of elect-
ing six Vice Presidents, one from each
region, at the National Convention
should produce a Board of men who
had really gained sufficient national
prominence in AIA activities to war-
rant being elected Vice Presidents. In
other words, looking at the national
officers over the past 10 years or so,
I'd say the Convention has done a
pretty good job of electing the right
men and I think can be trusted with
the election of the Regional Vice
Presidents. You anticipate the Reg-
ions would privately each elect their
Vice President, whereas I think the
Regions might nominate their selec-
tion, but the actual election would
occur at the National Convention.
"Perhaps it is this one point-the
method of election of the six Vice
Presidents-that you are really con-
cerned about. I'm in complete agree-
ment that this part of the proposed
plan is not spelled out; and I think
it should be.
"The new super-region State Pres-
idents or Chapter Presidents (if only
one Chapter in a state) should con-
stitute a nominating committee to
nominate a man for Vice President
from the region. Then, at the Na-
tional Convention other nominations
could be made from the floor (the
only proviso being that the nomina-
tion be a person living within the
region) and the Vice Presidents
elected for each region just as the
other national officers.
"I like the assembly of State Pres-
idents as an advisory group, twice a
year, because (being a former State
President) I'd like to be able to talk
first-hand with other State Presidents
and the National Board while I was
State President rather than work
through a state representative.
"Like all such quasi-legal problems,
there can be all kinds of terrible fore-
bodings raised on an 'if' basis. Some
of them are valid troubles. But my
own attitude at this time is to believe
the general method proposed by the
Board is good; and I'd like to see it
accomplished. I know that we'll never
have done with revising and improv-

Commentary No. Three...

Fla. South Chapter

Granted that the organizational
structure of the AIA requires some
change, I do not agree that all those
set forth in the Board's proposal for
"A New Structure for the AIA" are
equally workable. For example, it
appears to me that members govern
the Institute through national con-
ventions less and less each year. Con-
ventions do not offer opportunity for
full debate on any important matter
of professional government. As a mat-
ter of fact, recent conventions have
been so streamlined that actions have
been little more than ratification of
Board recommendations except in the
very few instances where organized
support or opposition was maneuvered
by a politically strong minority.
In view of this I see little justi-
fication for setting up a new "Na-
tional Council" in addition to a
Board of Directors. I doubt that the
Board would ever allow the Council
to become anything but a gripe ses-
sion, for certainly two groups cannot
make policy. Also, I doubt the ef-
fectiveness of the Council as a "grass

roots" body, for it could certainly not
be regarded as truly representative of
the AIA membership-numerically or
otherwise-as proposed.
The current trend in AIA affairs
seems to be one of enlarging members'
contacts with national affairs through
committees and Board memberships
-but assigning the job of making
policies and directing programs to
relatively small steering groups or ex-
ecutive committees. My suggestion for
Institute reorganization would be to
strengthen that trend-increase the
number of individual architects ap-
pearing at the national level, but
decrease the actual number making
AIA policy.
Let policy-making be in the hands
of the Board's executive committee.
But let the Board itself increase as
a result of more and more states
becoming regions. The executive com-
mittee would meet as often as need
be; the Board would meet once a year
to approve or disapprove the commit-
tee's policies and to select committee-
men. The annual convention, then,

In commenting on the New Struc-
ture for AIA I assume that most of
the architects have seen the movie and
read the pamphlet sent out by Octa-
gon. Therefore I shall refrain from
elaborating on the details.
The part of this New Structure
which I feel might be dangerous is
the plan for freezing the number of
Board members and the number of
Districts. Members belonging to a
State District such as Florida have
the most to lose, because under the
present set up we have direct repre-
sentation on the National Board at
all times. Before Florida was a District
we had representation on the board
every nine years; under the new struc-
ture we would have representation
every 27 years. This lack of represen-
tation could cause small Chapters and
States to lose interest in the national
organization, thereby weakening the
APRIL, 1960

national structure.
Streamlining our organization as set
forth, places a great deal of power
in a small group. Often a small group
can be swayed and controlled by one
very strong domineering personality.
Then what would we have?
We all have a tendency to complain
about the inefficient and cumbersome
set up of large boards and committees,
but our present structure parallels the
structure of our National Government
and that is democracy.
Those who have a voice in our na-
tional governing body are very re-
luctant to give this up. Many more
are requesting direct representation on
the Board. If we expect to maintain
the Democratic way of life, we must
listen to the voice of the members
and hope to find a solution to our
problem without placing the power in
too few and too small boards.

would only need to consider those
matters which would basically change
the structural character of the Insti-
tute but would not involve the oper-
ating policies and routines of Institute
The result of this might ultimately
be quite close to the set-up of the
new proposal with the Executive
Committee functioning in the same
way as the newly-proposed 10-man
Board; and the entire Board-with
a top potential membership of 55-
acting to provide the regional "repre-
sentation" proposed for the new Na-
tional Council. But it would have
the virtue of growth along a current
trend line. And it would avoid what
I foresee to be grave difficulties in the
functioning of the six super-regions
as now proposed.
One illustration will clarify my
point. Directors of one-state districts
even now have a time-consuming job
to do what they rightfully should to
serve their region and national inter-
ests as well. How much more difficult
would it be for one of the new super-
region directors to do likewise. How
could one man possibly attend the.
meetings of chapters; state organiza-
tions, district councils, national coun-
cil and AIA Board-let alone covering
his district's committee interests-and
still practice his profession?
Some important committees of the
Institute are now functioning along
the lines of my suggestion. The Public
Relations Committee, for example,
is as large as the AIA Board. But
most of the planning and policy-mak-
ing is done by a small steering com-
mittee which reports to the entire
group, explains its actions, justifies
its position and gets its job done. The
arrangement works well. Everybody is
kept informed; everybody can have
his say. But things don't get bogged
down; and decisions can be made
and actions taken when needed with-
out either lagging or confusion.
As to the State Associations, their
growth should be fostered-and here
I completely agree with the new pro-
posal. My one basic proviso, however,
concerns the inclusion of Associate
members as a recognized classification
fo "AIA Members." Otherwise, it is
probable that the local influence of
state organizations would diminish as
an effective geographical unit between
the AIA chapters and the Board.
(Continued on Page 16)

Commentary No. Four...

Fla. South Chapter, AIA District Director Nominee

Commentary No. Five...

Florida Central Chapter

Pursuant to your request for com-
ments both pro and con on the pro-
posed change in structure for the AIA,
let me first say that the general
method of attack on the problem is
to be commended. A great deal of
thought on the general problem has
been condensed into a workable plan:
The sense of urgency, however, as in-
dicated in the text, disturbs me. The
change, being a radical one, will need
a "shakedown cruise" before all of
the facets of its operation, both good
and bad, may be seen.
For clarity, I will try to follow the
Institute pamphlets' format and com-
ment where I foresee either fallacy or
good results.
The Chapter: No comment.
The State Association: I believe the
State Convention should be a definite
requirement so that each state repre-
sentative could get first hand legisla-

tive ideas to take to the National and
District Council.
The District Council seems to be a
good administrative link, but it ne-
gates and overlaps the function of the
State Associations in many ways. In
addition, the proposed districts are
extremely unfair as to distribution. For
example, why should Utah, Wyoming,
Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico
go to a District Convention? Texas,
on the weighted vote premise, could
always dictate the district policy. The
same exists in Districts one and six. If
the State Organization represents all
Chapters within the State, why not
let the State Representative elect the
District Vice President on a single
vote basis? This would possibly insure
rotation but would eliminate "poli-
The National Council proposal is
near and dear to my heart, as it rep-

resents true democracy at work. The
Council would allow each member of
the Institute, through his Chapter
and then his State Association Repre-
sentative, to have a direct voice in
Institute affairs. The one fallacy I ob-
serve is again the weighted vote, but
this could be overcome if on a fair
basis. The National Council should,
I believe, determine policy without
the Board of Directors having veto
power which, while not specifically
stated, is in my opinion, implied.
The Board of Directors should be
the executive body which would im-
plement, not control, the policies es-
tablished by the National Council-or
it might even meet concurrently with
the National Council and study prob-
lems on a "Senate-House of Repre-
sentatives" basis. I cannot concur with
a "Board of Governors" type of board.
The terms, number of meetings, etc.,
proposed will need more clarification.
I am against an autocratic board, with
the powers implied-that of saying
"Good idea National Council; but go
to hell!"

- .k..in.: n-... ... ,..

Commentary No. Six...
Palm Beach Chapter, President, FAA

The new structure as proposed for
the AIA may, or may not, be an
improvement. At any rate it should
not be adopted this year. There is
too little time for a careful analyliza-
tion of its purposes, problems and
advantages. Definitely some change is
past due; but many members of the
FAA fear that we are sacrificing much
we have gained should some revisions
not be made in the plan as now pro-
Admittedly the Institute needs
streamlining. However, this should not
be done at the expense of well organ-
ized, properly functioning subdivis-
ions of the Institute-whether they
be Chapter or State Organizations.
Florida has several Chapters doing
more for the Institute and the profes-
sion as a whole than some State and
Regional groups. Under the new struc-
ture the Chapter is demoted; and this
fact would encourage these active
groups to adopt the same lackadaisical
attitude as others with whom they
are thrown.

Good points of the new structure,
as I see them are:
1. Recognition of State organiza-
2. Reduction of number on Board
of Directors (actually Executive
3. Elimination of regional conven-
Bad points:
1. Prevents a president from suc-
ceeding himself. (No man learns
the job adequately the first
2. Creates a board of directors em-
powered to "run the Institute"._
a board on which possibly as
many as six vice presidents (con-
stituting a majority vote of the
board) could have been elected
from small Chapters or State
Organizations through a courtesy
rotating system and all of
whom, while honest practition-
ers, could be basically ignorant of
the complexities of the business
of the Institute.

3. The new structure still does not
recognize nor provide for mem-
bers other than of a corporate
4. It suggests the creation of a
division below a State Organi-
zation-but not necessarily a
Chapter. Any division immedi-
ately below a State Organization
should be a Chapter. If Chapter
areas are large, then this division
should be broken up into di-
visions, councils, or other prop-
erly designated titles. A State
Organization, to be recognized,
should consist of at least two
As now established, the District
Councils would consist in every case
of one or more powerful State groups
or Chapters and several weak groups.
These weaker divisions would natur-
ally expect to elect a vice-president
in turn. Experience has shown that
too often this produces the wrong
man for such a high Institute position.
The result, as noted previously, could
possibly produce a board of directors
below the caliber required for a prog-
ressive, professional, national organi-
(Continued on Page 36)




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for service!

Reinforcing Steel
Structural Steel
Complete Engineering &
Fabricating Facilities
Bar Joists
Aluminum & Steel Sash
Steel Doors & Frames
Miscellaneous Iron &
Ornamental Iron
Steel Roof Deck
Highway Products
Metal Culverts
Polyethylene Plastic Film



TAMPA 8-0451
ORLANDO GArden 2-4539
MIAMI NEwton 4-6576
JACKSONVILLE EVergreen 4-5561
FORT MYERS EDison 4-5262

Three FAA Members

Honored by Fellowships

This year three more Florida ar-
chitects were accorded the privilege
of wearing the red ribbon of Insti-
tute Fellowship. All are long-time
members of the Florida South Chap-
elected to Fellowship on the basis of
Public Service; ROBERT M. LITTLE
and ROBERT LAW WEED, both elect-
ed on the basis of Design. None of
the three is a native-born Floridian;
but each has operated his own office
in Miami for many years Smith
since 1931, Little since 1933 and
Weed since 1922. All have made sub-
stantial contributions to the advance-




ment of their profession and commun-
Institute member since 1934, has held
many South Florida Chapter commit-
tee posts and served as president dur-
ing 1952. His record of community
service in and for Miami and Dade
County as a member of planning and
zoning boards and various other state
and civic organizations has been out-
standing for many years. Most recent-
ly he served as chairman of the Design
Committee of Interama.
ROBERT M. LITTLE has been a
Florida resident since 1925; and since
organizing his own firm in 1933, has
been particularly active in the devel-
opment of the University of Miami
campus and other educational institu-
tions in the Caribbean area. His In-
stitute membership dates from 1942.
He served as the South Florida Chap-
ter president in 1947 and as FAA
president in 1950.
membership dates from 1929. His
.practice has been wide and varied in
Florida; and his firm has done much
government work both in this country
and elsewhere. Though his Fellow-
ship was awarded for Design, he has
long been active in community and
professional affairs. Currently he is
serving as a member of the Florida
State Board of Architecture.


Exclusive "Executive House" in downtown Chicago ...

country's tallest concrete frame and floor

building rises 40 stories in 371 feet!



-'' *. I


-;1W ---------

M %-0- -, iZs 7X W

'' '' "" ~,rts

This impressive $6,000,000 building
with its 446 apartments brings luxury
living to Chicago's business district.
On the 100 ft. x 150 ft. lot, space was
at a premium. To make the most of it,
architects Milton M. Schwartz & As-
sociates, Inc., and the Miller Engineer-
ing Company, both of Chicago, chose
concrete. With it, apartments are big...
ceilings a full eight feet. Yet floor to
floor height is only 8 ft. 10% in. Plaster
is applied directly to the concrete.
And concrete saved money-an esti-
mated $500,000. It saved time, made
easier scheduling, too. Concrete's al-
ways ready on short order.
Executive House sets a U.S. height
record for concrete. Today, for high-
rise buildings and monumental struc-
tures, more and more architects and
engineers are turning to concrete.

.4 '1 4~'4i

Four concrete shear walls extending across
the width of the building provide necessary
resistance to wind forces.



APRIL, 1960

1612 East Colonial Drive. Orlando. Florida
A nationut urguniiation to iiprovc and extend the uses of concrete


Senator Doyle E. Carlton, Jr.
State Headquarters, San Juan Hotel,
Orlando, Florida
This will acknowledge with thanks
your letter of March 9th in answer
to the questionnaire enclosed with
my letter of March 4th.
I confess to a feeling akin to dis-
appointment as I read your answers
to some of the questions asked. I
recognize clearly the fact that any
gubernatorial candidate cannot un-
duly commit himself to action along
many lines-particularly those which
involve a variety of self-seeking pro-
grams. However, there are certain
questions touching on the status of
Florida and the public good of its
people about which firm convictions
can be held-particularly in view of
current conditions and the historical
backgrounds which surround them.
These convictions, of course, must de-
velop from an individual knowledge
and understanding of the problems
they involve.
Thus your answers to the questions
regarding: A-the regulatory statute
for contractors, B-the need for a
uniform state building code, and C-
the vital necessity for a construction
industry educational building at the
University of Florida suggest a certain
lack of contact with construction in-
dustry matters and problems which
directly concern the well-being of the
public and a progressive improvement
in the future development of our
It is, of course, understandable that
no one individual would be equally
well informed on all phases of Flor-
ida's economy or activity. I do com-
mend your open-mindedness in sug-
gesting a cooperative study of the uni-
form state building code situation.
I am sure you can count on the
complete cooperation of every phase
of the building industry relative to
However, I was taken aback by your
apparent ignorance of the 10-year
need for the educational building at
the University of Florida. The situa-
tion here has a long history of inade-.
quacy and inaction; and indeed has
been the subject of political contro-
versy in Appropriations Committee

bills for the two past legislatures in
which you have served. I respectfully
urge that you inform yourself on this
matter, learn of the important influ-
ence that a continuation of existing
conditions can have on the future con-
struction operations of our state and
come quickly to a realization that un-
less some positive action toward con-
structing these needed facilities is
taken in the 1961 Legislature, Florida
will probably achieve a status in tech-
nical education among the very low-
est in our 50-state nation.
Thanks much for your interest and
cooperation in answering our ques-
tionnaire. Please be assured of any
help we may be able to give you
toward the end of providing you with
full information on any phase of our
activities and knowledge of building
industry activities.
Most cordially yours,

The Florida Architect
Thank you for your letter of March
15th. I very much appreciate your
criticisms of my reply and am sure
they were offered in a constructive
The fact is that I don't make any
pretense of knowing all about the
construction industry in Florida that
I would like to know. Being in this
position, I certainly don't feel it ap-
propriate to try to make detailed and
specific commitments on legislation
which I would support as governor.
If I am nominated in the May pri-
maries, it will be my purpose to meet
with leaders of all industries with
legislative problems for the balance
of this year in order that I can offer
to the Legislature in the spring of
1961 an intelligent and detailed pro-
gram. I certainly would not offer or
agree to legislation without a de-
tailed understanding of it.
Accordingly, in answering your
questions, I intend to convey the
thought of my desire to work for con-
structive improvement of the con-
struction industry with all due caution
which should be observed in not act-

II = 7__

Indentical letters and a
copy of the Questionnaire
were sent to the six men
appearing to be the most
prominent candidates for
the office of Governor in
the 1960 elections. Three
of these men Messrs.
David, Burns and Dickin-
son did not acknowl-
edge our letter nor reply
to any of our questions.
Replies from the other
three are published in
full The questions
they answered by no
means cover all matters
of importance to archi-
tects and the construction
industry. But they cover
a wide enough field of in-
terest to let readers know
the attitude of each can-
didate answering them.

ing without the benefit of proper
I would certainly not seek the
support of the architects of Florida
under any false pretenses and, obvi-
ously, at the present time, I am not
as abreast of the detail of the prob-
lems as the members of the profes-
sion are. However, I assure you that
when the time is available, I will sit
down with the leaders of your group
to draw from you the benefit of your
With respect to the educational
building of the University of Florida,
I would like to say that I am not
ignorant of the need. However, I am
also aware of other great needs at the
University. Unless the governor is
going to try to be a one man show,
I feel he must bring into his adminis-
tration competent people to serve
with him. It is my desire to follow
the policy of appointing outstanding
people to such positions as the State
Board of Control, and then to de-
pend to a great extent upon their
recommendations as to priorities at
the University.
I assure you that I would appreci-
ate any other comments or suggestions
which you might have from time to
Very truly yours,

1 MECHANICS' LIEN LAW This is now generally
regarded as an inequitable, ambiguous statute, revision of
which has been sought for many years.
Question: Do you recognize the need for a complete
study and redraft of this law- and if so, will you
appoint an interim legislative committee for this pur-
pose, subsequently giving leadership to passage of a
new and more satisfactory lien law?
No standards of competence or operation for contractors
now exist on a state-wide basis. Thus the public has no
enforceable protection against incompetence and irrespon-
sibility in contracting.
Question: Do you realize the growing need for such
a regulatory measure and would you support a bill
creating a State Board of Contractors empowered to
set standards of competence and to curb violators?
3 STATE BUILDING CODE No uniformity of build-
ing code requirements now exists on a state-wide basis.
The result of this situation is technical confusion, in-
creased and widely variable construction costs and hardship
to public and building projects alike.
Question: Do you favor complete study of this matter

by competent technicians and if so, would you
promptly appoint a Uniform Code Commission em-
powered to develop a uniform state building code?
our State requires more state-wide, long-range planning
than has yet been done to conserve natural resources,
develop and maintain effective and efficient communica-
tions and provide for varied public facilities adequate for
future needs throughout the State.
Question: Do you recognize the need for such coordi-
nating Authority and would you offer firm leadership
toward passage of enabling legislation relative to it?
housing the College of Architecture and Fine Arts -
which embodies Departments of Building Construction,
Architecture and Interior Design are virtually a campus
slum. Replacement by adequate facilities, now planned for,
is vitally needed, but appropriation for it has thus far been
passed over.
Question: Will you give all possible support toward
assuring, during the 1961 Legislature, definite appro-
priation of funds necessary for immediate construction
of this vital educational facility?

Questionnaire For Candidates...



As an attorney I have long been
aware of the inadequacies of the
Mechanics' Lien Law, and have been
committed over several sessions of the
Legislature to an effort to improve
that law, probably by outright repeal
and the adoption of one of the lien
laws which has worked better in other
states. You realize, of course, that this
law was adopted by the Legislature
many years ago when it was believed
that it was going to become the uni-
form Mechanics' Lien Law for the
nation; but that after Florida adopted
it, no other state has followed its
lead and it has been abandoned as
one of the recommended uniform laws
of the nation.
We should appoint a legislative
committee to make a thorough study
of this matter to accomplish the ob-
jective of protecting legitimate con-
APRIL, 1960

tributors to the mammoth construc-
tion industry, which is the keystone
of Florida's economy. This committee
could probably follow the leadership
of the Florida Bar Association with
consultation with all those involved
in the construction trade.
I cannot give you a categorical as-
surance on the creation of a State
Board of Contractors unless I under-

stood what kind of qualifications were
going to be established. I am, of
course, intensely concerned over the
improvement of the quality of those
engaged in the construction industry.
But I am likewise opposed to the
imposition of any regulations which
would have the result of achieving a
closed shop in that or any other field.
The failure of this State and its
communities to establish uniform
building code requirements is one of
the most ridiculous and unrealistic
failures which we have perpetrated.
Back before the war it was my priv-
ilege to be engaged for a short time
in the home construction industry,
both as a house builder and later
as the administrator of a Federal Say.
ings and Loan Association. I became
keenly conscious of the variety of
building code requirements, the an-
cient nature of some of those require-
ments and the additional cost which
was imposed upon the building indus-
try without benefit to anyone by
reason of the multiplicity of these
(Continued on Page 22)

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I would favor a complete study of
the building code matter by compe-
tent technicians and would be happy
to enlist the Florida architects and
all those engaged in the construction
industry to establish a uniform code
for submission to the Legislature for
its approval.
The necessity for planning on a
regional basis is one of the truly
critical needs of Florida. We shall
soon live in a State where one city
extends from Fernandina to Home-
stead-and another city from Daytona
across to Orlando to the West Coast.
Most of this city will be without the
confines of municipal limits and pres-
ently will be unregulated by county
zoning ordinances.
If regional authorities are the an-
swer to this problem, I shall anxiously
support them. We should, however,
give some thought to the possibility



Your letter of March 4 enclosing a
questionnaire on various subjects in
which Florida architects are interested
is acknowledged. The following are
my views:
Mechanics' Lien Law-I do recog-
nize the need for a complete study
and redraft of this law. The Gover-
nor cannot, however, appoint any leg-
islative committee-that would be ap-
pointed by the legislature. However,
I would be happy to give leadership
to passage of a new and more satis-
factory law.
Regulatory Statute for Contractors
-It is undoubtedly in the public in-
terest to have some regulation of con-
tractors. My mind is open, however,
as to whether such regulation should
be on a local or a state basis. I would
not be in a position to pass upon this
phase of the question without further
information and study.
State Building Code-I would be
happy to sit down with a representa-
tive group of leading persons from the
building construction industry of Flor-
ida to study this matter. If this study
indicates that the p u b ic interest
would best be served by a uniform
state building code, I would be glad
to provide the leadership to see that

of stimulating uniform and interlock-
ing action between existing govern-
ments, if that is possible. I am hes-
itant always to impose another level
of government on those already exist-
ing and would certainly want to
explore the possibility of achieving
broad-scale cooperation between exist-
ing governments to achieve this pur-
pose before resorting to the estab-
lishment of another level-although
I would do that if necessary.
In my campaign platform on higher
education the only specific building
need that I have mentioned-and it
by way of example-is that of the
need for building for the Department
of Building Construction, Architec-
ture and Interior Design. In my judg-
ment, this is a top priority need at
the University of Florida; and I expect
accordingly to give it top priority in
my request to the Legislature in 1961.

it is adopted. Again, however, if my
study indicates that the public inter-
est would best be served by leaving
this matter in the hands of local
authorities, I would follow this course.
Regional Planning Authority I
am very much in favor of this and
would be happy to work toward the
creation of such an Authority or series
of Authorities.
Educational Building at U/F-On
matters of appropriation of funds for
all of the needs of our institutions of
higher learning, I would be guided by
the recommendations of the leaders
of the universities and the State Board
of Control as to priority for expendi-
tures of funds.





I certainly do appreciate the fact
that construction represents one of
the great industries of Florida ranking
right next to tourism and agriculture.
As Governor, the needs of the con-
struction industry will certainly re-
ceive my close attention.
I know your industry does face
problems. You set forth some of them
in the questionnaire which accom-
panied your letter. Frankly, I do not
feel it would be possible to answer
all of the questions you posed in
final and detailed form at this time.
Answers to questions of such major
import should be based upon compre-
hensive study and research.
In a general way, though, I will
give you my thoughts briefly on each
Thanks again for your interest. I
can assure you that the future of the
construction industry in Florida is a
matter of major concern to us all. It

has been a pleasure to cooperate with
Mechanics' Lien LawThis law must
be studied and revised. I so stated in
both my Work Program and My Key-
note Address.
Regulatory Statute For Contractors
-At this time I would not want to
commit myself to the creation of
another State Board to regulate
another business category. Establish-

ment of a state agency does not always
solve an existing problem. This situ-
ation currently is being handled to
a degree by City and County Exam-
ining Boards.
State Building Code-I feel that
this matter should definitely be stud-
ied by a representative group from
the building industry. However, I
think you will agree there are many
debateable questions involved. It is
my feeling that the need of a state
building code would depend to a
great extent upon the findings of such
a study group.
Regional Planning Authority-The
question, as set forth, is quite general
and involves many factors. I feel fur-
ther amplification would be needed
before giving a reply.
Educational Building at U/F- I
am in emphatic agreement with you
on the need for a new building to
house the College of Architecture and
Fine Arts. The temporary frame
buildings now housing this College
are indeed inadequate-certainly they
are not in keeping with the standing
of the College, nor the University of
which it is a part.

eer as a striking base for a
wall garden like this one
at the entrance to a Miami
Beach cooperative apart-
ment Smartly toned in char-
coal and silver gray light-
weight FEATHEROCK is
building's most distinctive
facing stone

featheroct ,


APRIL, 1960 2E

Yoltimf~e 4~ a 3houiad U& Aew

7owatd 7aet tave Gte O Woldt.,

Today's Pronouncements

on Yesterday's Forecasts

The perennial small house problem
will be solved in the sixties and
the solution will be in terms of mass-
produced components ordered by the
prospective owner from his local
"building store."
That's the opinion of MONTGOM-
ERY FERAR, partner in the industrial
design firm of SUNDBERG-FERAR, INC.
Speaking from Detroit, the national
core of the mass-production concept,
Mr. Ferar had this to say about hous-
ing developments in the coming dec-
"Technological advances already
achieved in other fields are going to
be applied to housing construction.
New materials and new ways of using
them will result in better products at
lower cost just as has already hap-

opened in the automobile and appli-
ance industries.
"A battle of materials is already
shaping up between steel, light met-
als, plastics, ceramics and the like, as
leaders of each industry eye the tre-
mendous tonnage potential available
in those still relatively unexploited
fields housing and furniture. Such
materials, coupled with technological
advances, will bring about the break-
"The materials used will largely de-
termine the form and structure of to-
morrow's homes. Plastics, for example,
will be employed increasingly. Used
today as insulation and for surface
finishes, they will be used tomorrow
for structural members as well.
"The pre-fabricated 'plastic-sand-

which' panel that is, an insulating
sandwich of plastic foam between fin-
ished exterior and interior surfaces -
is likely to become the basic building
unit. By the modular system of con-
struction (the so-called 'skyscraper'
technique) walls and roofs of these
panels can be erected in one-third the
time required for conventional con-
struction, and at a fraction of the
cost. Costs can be further cut by in-
corporating window and door frames
in these panels.
"Many economies and conveniences
are possible with this plastic-panel-
type construction. Electro-luminescent
lighting, for example: the panels will
carry their own internal electric cir-
cuits, and their interior surfaces will
spread a soft, diffused light through
the entire room. Rearranging the color
scheme of such rooms will be a lot
simpler. There'll be no need for buck-
ets and brushes and messes. Only
the lighting surface will need to be
changed to substitute one color for
"Heating and cooling of these
panel-built houses will similarly be
achieved by means of thermo-electric
devices within the panel walls. With

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this system, an electric current cours-
ing in one direction will warm the
interior surface; reversing the direction
of the current will cool the house.
"Important changes will also take
place in the kitchens and bathrooms
of tomorrow's homes. These will be
bought as package units and inserted
complete, into the house. The bath-
room especially lends itself to package
treatment for lower-cost production.
Unitizing these two rooms will cut
the cost of kitchens and baths in half
and lower the cost of the whole house
by about 10 per cent. This in turn will
bring quality housing within reach of
millions of more American families-
thereby substantially broadening the
home construction market.
"Tomorrow's bathroom, delivered
as a complete unit, will include such
conveniences as built-in towel warm-
ers, towel cabinets, sunlamps, scales,
shower doors, and even the home
laundry equipment. Since 90 per cent
of the family wash originates in bed-
rooms and baths, locating the auto-
matic washer-dryer unit in close prox-
imity will save thousands of needless

"To provide American families with
quality housing at a price they can
afford, tomorrow's homes must be
"But mass production doesn't nec-
essarily imply sameness or monotony.
There'll be scores of master plans, cre-
ated by the nation's top designers, for
the prospective owner to choose from
-plus a limitless number of variations
to suit his individual whim.
"Guided by an expert factory repre-
sentative, the home-seeker will make
his personal selection at the local
building 'store.' His order will be tele-
typed to the factory, the schedule of
parts. and materials will be compiled
from punch cards by an electronic
computer, and the order filled and
shipped. Once the components have
been delivered to the building site,
the new home will be put up in jig
time by factory-trained erectors."
Much of what Mr. Ferar sees ahead
echoes with remarkable fidelity fore-
casts on the technology of building
construction and equipment made
more than 30 years ago by BUCKMIN-
STER FULLER. The stymie to these
forecasts proved to be psychological

rather than material. The Dymaxion
bathroom, for example, was a prefab-
ricated, completely equipped package-
unit, requiring only a "plug-in" con-
nection to utilities for installation.
Several prototype models had proved
its practical efficiency; and estimates
of mass-production indicated a retail
pricing of about $300 with adequate
profit margins for all concerned. On
the basis of its publicity demonstra-
tion alone, orders for several thousand
units rolled in even before production
programming could be done.
This project died aborning pri-
marily because the powerful plumbers'
union would have none of it; and
widespread labor strife in the build-
ing trades appeared probable if in-
stallation were to be attempted by
In the light of such history, the
target date for acceptance of the in-
dustrialized housing components Mr.
Ferar visions may be much longer
than the decade-hence he has set.
Progress in the technology of building
is still somewhat less speedy than the
development rate of guided missiles
and orbiting sattelites.


Celcure and nly Ce ge you positive
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APRIL, 1960

_ L_ Y_ II

Memoranda of Procedure... II

Professor of Architecture,
College of Architecture and Fine Arts, U/F

Material published here is an up-dated revision of that first compiled from the AIA
"Agenda for Architects," 1927 edition, for use as text material in the author's course,
Professional Administration. Since then it has proved so helpful as a checklist of archi-
tectural practice that Professor Larrick has graciously made it generally available in
the revised form presented here All references not specifically noted are to the
1958 edition of the AIA "Handbook of Architectural Practice" Space limitations
have made it necessary to publish the Memoranda of Procedure in two parts. Part I
appeared in the March issue of The Florida Architect.

Section 6
Date of Mailing invitation to bid or advertisement
for bids, instructions to bidders, and blank forms of
proposal. (Record Dates) Also record to whom mailed.
(If invitation is by telephone, also record that date.)
Date of Issuing and Return drawings and speci-
fications. (Record dates) Also record to whom issued. See
p. III-10.16.
Take Receipts for all drawings and specifications as
issued and record amount. See p. III-10.16.
During Time of Bidding see to it that no verbal in-
structions are given to any bidder. All communications
must take the form of bulletins or addendum and one
copy of each must be sent simultaneously to each bidder.
See "Instructions to Bidders," p. III-7.06.

Section 7
Proposals Received Record time, place, and from
whom for each proposal received. See Book III, Art. 7.09,
"The Letting."
Proposal Schedule On a schedule or tabulation form
tabulate all bids in detail when opened. See p. III-10.13.
Submit Proposals and copy of Schedule or Tabulation
of all bids to Owner.
Examine Lists of Sub-bidders with great care. See
Book III, Arts. 7.02, "Competitive Bidding," and 7.04,
"Separate Contract System."
Submit Proposals as to award of contract. Care
should be exercised that award be made only to con-
tractors who are reliable and competent in order to protect
interests of Owner.

Watch date of expiration of validity of proposals and
keep Owner informed.
Give the successful bidder notice as soon as Owner
makes an award. See Section 9, "Notifications," of this
memoranda of Procedure.

Section 8
Form of Agreement Use an A.I.A. Standard Form
of Agreement. See A.I.A. Documents No. A-101, pp.
A-16.03 through 16.07, for stipulated sum contracts; No.
A-11, pp. 16.35 through 16.39, for cost plus fee contracts;
and No. A-107, pp. 16.41 through 16.45, short form
for small construction contracts.
Legal Details See Book I, Art. 3.06, "Contracts."
Special Clauses In contracts on a stipulated sum
basis, include in the long blank on last page any clauses
special to the Agreement in hand, such as acceptance of
alternates or inclusion of material covered by addenda.
Signing Drawings -The Drawings, General Condi-
tions, Specifications, and Addenda, if any, should be
signed by both Owner and Contractor. Each is entitled
to a signed copy for his records. See Art. 2 of the
General Conditions of the Contract for the Construction
of Buildings, A.I.A. Document No. A-201.
Date of Execution of Agreement between Contractor
and Owner. (Record Date)
Dates of Delivery of Agreement to Contractor and
to Owner. (Record Date)
Dates of Signature of the Drawings, General Condi-
tions, and specifications by Owner and by Contractor.
(Record dates)
(Continued on Page 23)

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APRIL, 1960

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This unit will bring about substantially
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APRIL, 1960 "

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3. Prepare a letter for Owner's signature authorizing
appointment of Project Inspector or Clerk of the
Works, giving his name, salary, stipulating such
reimbursements for travel and minor expenses as may
be necessary.
4. Record date of appointment of Project Inspector or
Clerk of the Works, and enter his name in the
"Directory" of those connected with the work.
5. Issue Project Inspector or Clerk of the Works a
copy of all contract documents, including all bulle-
tins and addenda forming a part of the contract.
6. If any general instructions as to his duties are to
be issued to Project Inspector or Clerk of the
Works, issue them in writing.
7. Supply Project Inspector or Clerk of the Works
with necessary equipment and supplies for carrying
out his work.
8. Keep Project Inspector or Clerk of the Works
informed in writing of all changes, approvals and
interpretations made regarding Agreement, General
Conditions of the Contract, Drawings and Specifica-
tions for project to which he is assigned.
Testing Agencies -Appoint agencies or experts for
testing as may be required by Supplementary General
Conditions of the Contract or by Specifications. Enter
names and addresses of those appointed in "Directory"
of those connected with the work, and dates of their
appointments. See p. III-10.08.
Ascertain in case Owner is a corporation:
1. Name and address of person legally authorized to
sign orders for changes in the amount of contract
and enter his name and address in "Directory" of
those connected with the work.
2. Name and address of person to whom notification
of issuance of certificates of payment should be sent.
Enter them in the "Directory of those connected
with the work.
Status of Architect Bear in mind that upon the let-
ting of a contract, Architect takes on additional duties
and responsibilities; and in regard to certain of these
duties and responsibilities, status of Architect changes. See
Book III, Art. 1.02, "The Architect's Status," and p.
III-20, Comment on Art. 38 of the General Conditions.

Section 10
Distribution Whether there may be one or several
direct contractors, care must be taken to see that each
is furnished with all copies of drawings necessary for
proper conduct of his work; that is for his office, for the
foreman, and for his subcontractors. When there is a
Project Inspector or Clerk of the Works, see that he
receives a copy of each drawing. Record distribution of
Schedules Schedules may frequently be used in place
of detail drawings. See Book III, Art. 4.06, "Schedules."

Section 11
Changes in Contract Sum -For information on
changes in the amount of contract and for a change
order form, see Book III, Art. 9.05, "Changes in the
APRIL, 1960

Work," and A.I.A. Document No. G-701, "Change
Order," p. A-16.29. Also see Art. 15, "Changes in the
Work," and Art. 16, "Claims for Extra Cost," in the
General Conditions. The Change Order form should
contain a place for signature of Contractor in acknowl-
edgment of it as a binding addition to original contract.
Note that it may be necessary to tactfully advise Owner
to make no orders for changes in the work except as
prescribed in Art. 15, of the General Conditions.
Information of Clerk of the Works Send to Project
Inspector or Clerk of the Works, a copy of every change
order in all direct contracts on project, and copies of all
other orders, letters and such information bearing on
discharge of his duties.
Applications for Payment -For information on
applications by Contractor for payment and form of
Application of Payment, see Book III, Art. 9.06, "Applica-
tions for Payment," and A.I.A. Document No. G-702,
p. A-16.31.
Certificates for Payment For information on certi-
ficates of payment and form of Certificate for Payment,
see Book III, Art. 9.07, "Certificates for Payment," and
A.I.A. Document No. G-703, p. A-16.33.
Bill for Services At time of issuing certificates for
payments to direct contractors, send Owner a bill for
services of administration and supervision based on the
work completed as indicated by Certificates of Payment,
and for such reimbursements as may be due.

Section 12
Release of Liens Obtain from Contractor release of
all liens, receipts and/or affidavits that may be required
for compliance with Art. 32, "Liens," of the General
Conditions. Do not issue final certificate of payment until
Contractor has submitted satisfactory evidence that all
payrolls, material bills, and other indebtedness connected
with the work have been paid in accordance with Art. 5,
"Acceptance and Final Payment," of the Agreement
Between Contractor and Owner for stipulated sum
Owner's Set of Drawings -Provide Owner with a
complete set of drawings for his files. Secure copies of
all guarantees called for in Contract Documents.
File for Future Reference the signed contract set of
drawings and specifications, the "Record Copy" includ-
ing shop drawings and schedules, the job Project Record
Book, correspondence both incoming and outgoing as
well as tracings, and a copy of each detailed drawing.
Directory From records kept during design and con-
struction stages of the work develop and file for future
reference a "Directory" of those connected with the
work. See Book III, Chapter 10, "Summary of Project
Record of Transactions From records kept during
design and construction stages of the work file for future
reference a record of principal transactions. See Book III,
Chapter 10, "Summary of Project Procedures."
Final Statement Fill out and file for future refer-
ence a statement of the total construction costs of project.
Also fill out and file for future reference a summary of
"Architect's Expense Data" for project from "Job Expense
Account." See p. III-10.24.




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News & Not

A "Quotable Quote" .
The first plank in the gubernator-
ial platform of FARRIS BRYANT dealt
with higher education. It contained
the following paragraph:
"There are a number of serious de-
ficiencies in the facilities of our uni-
versities in Tallahassee and Gaines-
ville. For example (and only as an ex-
ample) the College of Architecture
at Gainesville is in danger of losing its
accredited status unless we immedi-
ately provide adequate permanent
quarters; and this we must do. One of
the greatest factors in the economy
of Florida is its building industry of
which architecture is the keystone;
and we are pound foolish if we fail to
train the most competent technicians
to design and guide that growth."

Small House Committee
JAMES L. DEEN, Florida South
Chapter, has been named as chair-
man of a new FAA special Commit-
tee on Small Houses. Membership in-
cludes JAMES E. WINDHAM III, Brow-
ard County, ROBERT C. BROWARD,
Jacksonville, JOHN M. EVANS, Broward
County, and HAROLD A. OBST, Palm
FAA President JOHN STETSON has

New Government Center Planned for Orlando

.* -.' ...
-7 A,

More and more city fathers throughout Florida are realizing the need for
planning for the future growth of their communities. In Orlando where a
comprehensive city plan is being developed by George Simons of Jacksonville -
Fred G. Owles, Jr., of the Mid-Florida Chapter, has presented to the Muni-
cipal Planning Board this preliminary layout for a Government Center. In addi-
tion to the existing City Hall, the scheme which has been integrated with
Simons' program would include a Municipal Justice Center, a Federal Office
Building, a Main Library, a professional office and courts building and a new
Convention Hall to accommodate 8000.

charged the Committee "to study
what could be done to encourage ar-
chitects in the design of small houses;
to provide good but simple services
for those who are financially limited
in employing architects; and to gen-
erally study the part played presently
by architectural firms in the small
house field."

Symposium at Gainesville
The Department of Architecture at
U/F will sponsor a symposium and
panel discussion during the afternoon
and evening of April 21 in the Law
Auditorium, Gainesville. Chief speak-
er will be DR. J. VAN ETTINGER, Di-
rector of the famed Bouwcentrum, in
Rotterdam, Holland. Subject of the
meeting will be "Toward a Habitable
World"-also the title of a new
book by Dr. Van Ettinger.
JAMES T. LENDRUM, head of the
U/F Department of Architecture, has
issued an open invitation to all archi-
tects in the State. The first session of
the meeting will start at 2:00 p.m.,
April 21.
Symposium Chairman will be WAL-
TER RAYMOND. Panelists will include
(Continued on Page 33)




Florida architects have done much to up-grade home-building
standards. The Medallion Home award is another incentive for
their creative talents in furthering modern living ."Better Liv-
ing-Electrically." It offers a challenge in designing All-Electric
Kitchens, planned for modern electrical appliances, plus modern
Light-for-Living throughout the house.
Regardless of size, type, or price, the Medallion Home award is
given by Florida Power & Light Company to any home that meets
the following electrical requirements:

ALL-ELECTRIC KITCHEN-LAUNDRY that includes at least 4 major
electrical appliances water heater, range, and the choice of clothes
dryer, dishwasher, or other "Reddy-servants."
FULL HOUSEPOWER (100-200 amp service) with large enough wire
and ample circuits, outlets and switches for maximum convenience and
efficiency... now and in the future.
LIGHT-FOR-LIVING properly planned for every part of
the house and outdoors, for decorative beauty and utility.

Helping Build Florida
APRIL, 1960

The Medallion Home campaign
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Home buyers in Florida are swinging fast
to oil house heating. Many home owners
have switched to oil to escape budget-
busting bills for high-priced fuels. Hun-
dreds of Floridians were sold on oil home
heating by neighbors who had learned
from experience that oil is far cheaper,
safer, more dependable. Still others got
the word from ads like this one. You'll
find quick and grateful acceptance of
your specification for oil heating in the
houses you design. If you need more in-
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us at Buildorama, Dupont Plaza Center,

News & Notes
(Continued from Page 30)
Professor RICHARD DEWEY, sociolo-
gist, University of New Hampshire;
MARTIN H. SMITH, director of the
City Planning Commission, Savan-

TCAA Award Jury Named
Final selection has been made for
a jury to pick the winner in the
$1,000 Tile Design Competition of
the Tile Contractors' Association of
America. It includes ARTHUR LEE
CAMPBELL, FAA's North Area Vice
President, W. MAYBERRY LEE, of the
Jacksonville Chapter, and KENNETH
D. EARLE, president of TCAA. All but three of Florida's 10 AIA Chapters were represented at the Daytona
Judging of entries from FAA mem- Beach meeting of the Florida District P/R Committee, chairmanned by Edward
bers and their associates has been G. Grafton. Reports from Chapters indicated healthy P/R activities in most
planned for May 10. Presentation of Chapter areas. The AIA film library is being extensively used; speakers' bu-
reaus have been established in Jax and Fla. South; and architects are serving
the Award will be made May 11 dur- on various local boards and commissions. Photographed above by Kay Walton
ing "Architects' Day" of the TCAA are, standing, left to right, W. Wade Setliff, James Y. Bruce, Norman
Annual Convention at the Robert Freedman, Mrs. Roy Pooley, Jr., Robert S. Hall, Ralph Spicer, Charles Broward,
Meyer Hotel in Jacksonville. Dead- David Leete, Roy M. Pooley, Jr. Seated, Francis R. Walton, Robert B. Murphy,
line for submission of entries is mid- A. Wynn Howell, Mrs. Verna M. Sherman, FAA Administrative Secretary,
night, April 15. These should be sent Edward G. Grafton and A. Eugene Cellar. Not included, but attending the
morning session of the meeting, was Myrl Hanes, Fla. North. No representa-
(Continued on Page 34) tives attended from the Florida Northwest, North Central or Palm Beach Chapters.

Designs for
Modern Living

CotcecaQed feQephon0

New homes sell easier when provided with facili-
ties for additional phones as they are needed.
Buyers today are quick to recognize the ad-
vantages of telephone planning. The idea of
adding phones, or moving them to new loca-
tions easily and neatly is an important "plus"
feature to prospective buyers.
For more information on the advantages of
concealed telephone wiring, just call your Tele-
phone Business Office.
You will get the full benefit
when the 10% Federal Tax on
S southern Bell Telephone Service is removed.

APRIL, 1960 33

News & Notes
(Continued from Page 33)

to Tile Contractors' Association of
America Design Competition, 764
May Street, Jacksonville 4. A detailed
story of the TCAA award program
was carried in the January issue of
The Florida Architect.
The design-award program of the
TCAA was initiated to encourage
wider and more imaginative employ-
ment of tile in architectural design.

Economic Time Bomb
The Federal Urban Renewal Pro-
gram has been labeled an economic
time bomb by ALBERT M. COLE, for-
merly administrator of the FHHA and
currently executive VP of the Rey-
nolds Aluminum Service Corp. He
coined the phrase in a recent talk be-
fore the Miami Chapter of the Pro-
ducers' Council.
"When this bomb explodes," Cole
said, "the impact on the national
economy will be of tremendous signi-

Cheerfully viewing dis-
plays of 12 awards at the
4th Annual Craftsman-
ship Awards Program in
Ft. Lauderdale is Clinton
Gamble, AIA, Robert
Todd, AIA, Ch. of the
Chapter Awards Cor.,
Wm. Bigoney, Broward
Ch. president, and L. E.
Davis, v-pres. of R. H.
Wright, Inc., and presi-
dent of the Broward
Builders Exchange which,
with local chapters of the
AIA and FES, sponsored
the award program. This
year more than 79 nomi-
nations for craftsmanship
excellence were received
by the Program's five-
man award committee.

ficance. It is estimated that each Fed-
eral dollar spent in urban renewal re-
sults in a local expenditure of five
Cole noted also that urban renewal
projects energize other economic ele-
ments. He said that "city after city ex-
pects increased tax returns from urban
renewal areas ranging from 250 to
1000 percent."
"Urban renewal is here to stay," the
aluminum executive stated. "It is not
only good business, but a necessary

Revision of Controversial
Article 20 Clause Voted
By AIA-AGC Committee
Among important matters discussed
at the January 27 meeting of the
AIA-AGC Joint Cooperative Com-
mittee was the revision of the clause
added last year to Article 20 of the
AIA General Conditions, by which
contractors in Florida were apparently
exposed to a 20-year liability for
faulty materials or workmanship.
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Mrs. Billie Thompson, above, is the
first President of the Architectural
Secretaries Association, which with a
membership of 30 was formally or-
ganized at a meeting February 25 at
the Miami Woman's Club. Other offi-
cers of the new club which hopes
to promote organization of similar
groups throughout the State are:
1st VP, Lucy Munzer (Wahl Snyder);
2nd VP, Marjorie Svaldi (Lewis M.
Hitt); Recording Secretary, Pat Lis-
cus (Frese, Camner Assoc.); Corres-
ponding Secretary, Viola Lewis (Pole-
vitzky, Johnson & Assoc.); and
Treasurer, Gwen Magruder (Dean Par-

cedures, argued for the retention of
the provision which sets the liability
of a contractor as a period equal to
the legal limit of liability in the state
where the work was performed.
However, the Committee finally
voted unanimously to recommend to
the AIA Board a change in the cur-
rent wording of Article 20. Recom-
mended changes are as follows with
new words in italics:
"The Contractor shall remedy any
defects due to faulty workmanship or
materials furnished by him or by his
subcontractors and pay for any dam-
age to other work resulting therefrom,
which shall appear within a period of
one year from the date of substantial
completion, or from the date of the
Owner's substantial usage or occu-
pancy of the project, whichever is
earlier, and in accordance with the
terms of any special guarantees pro-
vided in the contract. The Owner
shall give notice of such observed de-
fects with reasonable promptness. All
questions arising under this Article
shall be decided by the Architect sub-
ject to arbitration, notwithstanding
final payment."
Note that the controversial clause
(Continued on Page 36)
APRIL, 1960

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News & Notes
(Continued from Page 35)
referring to local limits of liability has
been omitted.
FAA President JOHN STETSON, who
attended the Washington meeting as
a member of the Institute's commit-
tee, reported that a recommendation
was also made to add a paragraph to
Article 23 relative to the "Contract-
or's Right to Stop Work or Terminate
the Contract". He expressed the opin-
ion that the AIA Board will not ap-
prove the paragraph since it would
make it possible for a contractor to
tie up a job and get out from under
a contract he found to be undesirable.
Among other subjects discussed was
delegation of an architect's authority
for job supervision to an employee or
partner. In the FAA President's opin-
ion this is a matter which should be
carefully studied by the FAA Board
relative to possible legal implications
in Florida.

Changes ...
ACH, both of Florida South Chapter,
have announced removal of their pro-
fessional offices from Miami Beach to
721 N. W. 21st Court, Miami 35.
A. HERBERT MATCHES has moved to
a new office at 1451 North Bayshore
Drive, Miami. His office was also for-
merly on Miami Beach.

Pros and Cons ...
(Continued from Page 16)
The National Convention should
reflect the wishes of the membership.
The business meetings, now a rather
haphazard gathering of delegates inter-
ested mostly in the business of the
moment, should be reorganized into
a more efficient and potent part of
the Institute's structure. Delegates,
now elected by the Chapters on the
basis of attendance at the National
Convention, should actually be listed
as Chapter representatives, elected for
a minimum of two years, with stag-
gered terms. Here should a Chapter
be heard, not at a District or Regional
meeting, necessitating the transfer of
the business to national level by a
second or third party.
In the interim between conven-
tions, there should be a meeting (at
least one) of the State presidents.
(Continued on facing page)


"SINCE 1921"



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F. Graham Williams 37
R. H. Wright, Inc. 27


Possibly they could elect three of their
number to serve on the Executive
Committee of the Institute. This com-
mittee should be composed of the
president, first vice president, second
vice president, secretary and treasurer,
plus the three representatives of the
State Organizations. The business of
the State Organizations' presidents
meeting would be to screen out and
formulate the new business of the
Institute for presentation to the Con-
vention and/or the meetings of the
Executive Committee. The voting
power of a State President would be
proportionate to the number of mem-
bers he represented.
I fear the return of the region
composed of several states. Geograph-
ically and politically, the state better
represents the membership. Any level
higher than this-just as in the Con-
gress of the United States-should be
only a national level.

Ten Steps to Stardom...
(Continued from Page 9)
Friends and Influence People" set.
These clever people have discovered
a quick way to success without all
of this bother with scholarship, the
arts, and good manners.)
He should have knowledge of the
work-so much knowledge that he
can afford to admit when he is wrong.
He should be able to think clearly
and have the ability to explain with
words and pencil sketches the problem
at hand. Failure here is responsible for
most of the misunderstandings in the
drafting room.
He should have the magnanimity
to recognize that human frailties are
the rule rather than the exception-
and common to him as well as others.
He should be efficient-able to
budget his time and the time of his
staff. The drawings are not the end
product, but the means to the end.
They should look neat and profes-
sional; but there is a point beyond
which fussing with them is wasting
time--and they never did put enough
hours in a day.
He should encourage creative work
from his staff.
He should have a sense of humor.
He should have a staff and clients
who appreciate all of these fine qual-
ities in him.
APRIL, 1960

JOHN F. HALLMAN, JR., Pres. & Treasurer JACK K. WERK, Vice-Pres. & Secretary



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Art, Architecture

and Atrocities

This first of a planned series of guests "
editorials is by an internationally
famed, award winning designer who for -- i
many years has been a Florida resident.


Art, Architecture and Atrocities was Miles of shelters--serviced with
not to be named as a play of words, chain stores-have blossomed out of
incorporated within each other be- the ground bulldozed of trees. The
cause of the initials. But they are shelters chain thoughts with space
incorporated and so exist-physically, provided with push buttons to process
emotionally, professionally and finan- food. There is space for super-bath-
cially. Art alone, architecture alone, room equipment to clean ourselves,
atrocities alone can exist and do. Art cubicles to rest during the night, or
and architecture should exist together; to dream, and shelters for one or
but any other variation, wherein atroc- two units of transportation and status
ities are added, should be banned by provided by Detroit-which, after a
common sense and the human mind. couple of years, are traded-in for shiny
We live, probably, in the most new models of self-security.
confused era in the history of Art- Where is the corner for meditation?
where "anything goes." We must find Yes, there was, and maybe still is,
the road to go on, which is our final a boom in even more expensive dwell-
test of survival. ing shelters bearing the stigma of the
We are assigned by Nature to live year's architectural fads. Just as the
with fortitude. We have proof of our feminine fashion designers provide
maturity and world responsibility, newness by lowering the waist line; or
America's brilliant constellation of the wine dealer pushes a new vintage.
architects, composers, painters, con- We have emerged from the era of
ceived the meaning and crystallized the ranch house into the age of
the audio-visual expression. Let's not intricate and lacy stone-where the
play around Art, as we don't play basic mistakes of composition can be
around Religion-when we have the covered with a screen of cast concrete
guidance of Masters in both. Let's not or glittering and colorful aluminum-
build future slums-which are already influenced by Mondrian. The more
slums at birth in an architectural era ambitious devotee combines both-
in which hyperbolic-paraboloid roof Mondrian and stone.
construction is to be the common Excessive functionalism, with great
shelter. Let's not adore-or fall in concern and emphasis on saving steps,
ecstacy-before a new kind of music has, instead of increasing the free and
produced by composer-delinquents- easy flow of life in homes, created
when we have guidance by Masters. bottle-necks, static formations like
Create new-yes! But let's not "conversational areas" eliminating
forget the past, our heritage, all possibilities of a human being's
If we fail, we will lose the most changing moods, regardless of the
precious possession-luxury. And we "area."
reduce our life to comfort. Jean Coc- Laughter and tears are vital values
tcau wrote, in "A Letter to Amer- of our lives. We need a corner in
icans," "You have comfort; you lack which to cry and not be ashamed
luxury. It is the reward of those who of our tears. Let us leave some stone
have no fear of discomfort." unturned.

Mtesagle roww 74 Preacdent.. .

We Can Teach People

To Know Good Design

Florida Association of Architects

There are many articles appearing
in today's magazines and newspapers
concerned with the deterioration of
our society. Juvenile delinquency, law-
lessness, lowering of moral standards
and worship of material things-all
are recognized as potent enemies of
our way of life. Perhaps our way of
life needs a face lifting to slow up
this downsliding of morals and cul-
ture. The design professions and art
groups could do much, not only to im-
prove culture, but also to improve their
individual financial rewards through a
concerted drive to educate the public
in good design, art and music.
Poor taste is not class conscious.
There are just as many, proportion-
ately speaking, to be found among
the rich who lack even a basic knowl-
edge of good design, as there are
among the poorest members of our
society. This individual weakness of
the buying public enables the un-
trained and non-professional design-
ers to sell the public miserable cre-
ations which in an educated society
would not be tolerated. Demand cre-
ates good products and designs. Even
with the art appreciation and basic
architectural classes now found in
some of our schools, we are still gen-
erations away from better design
unless we immediately begin a pro-
gram aimed at the adult members of
our communities. Sincere appreciation
of good art and design will never be

unless the parents understand and
encourage their children to under-
stand these requisites of a broad edu-
The home purchased in the average
large development is far from con-
ducive to improvement of artistic
tastes. Design-wise these homes are
"boxes" with identical roofs and
minor exterior detail changes to dif-
ferentiate one from the other. Color
is misused to the extent of purveying
complete color blindness. How can we
expect future business from men and
women raised in such communities?
Their parents need help and a stim-
ulus to provide landscaping, color
harmony and individaul details for
the homes. They should be encour-
aged to develop individuality along
the lines of good taste.
The style of architecture or music
-or the art technique or school-
should not influence the creation of
a poor product. Every change of style
has brought with it very bad examples
created by poor designers covering
their lack of ability by the newness
and unfamiliarity of the result. An
uneducated buying public gullibly
buys bad products and bitterly accuses
designers as a whole for mistakes
they themselves cannot comprehend.
There is much that architects, ar-
tists and musicians of our State can
do to improve the situation. Program-
ming should begin at community

level. If the schools have not initiated
art appreciation classes, they should
be encouraged to add these to their
curriculum. Civic groups should spon-
sor art appreciation programs cover-
ing individually architecture, art and
music each year. Radio and television
stations should be brought into the
program by providing time for dis-
cussions by professionals. Most of all,
local newspapers should institute ar-
ticles directed at elementary design,
art and music appreciation with dia-
grams, pictures, etc. Visual education
is mandatory.
Until the buying public demands
good design, the architect or the artist
can not reach the pinnacle of profes-
sional success. The value of the serv-
ices rendered will forever be an
unknown quality. It is an unfortunate
fact that in a land as rich as ours,
so many know so little about that
which makes a building good or a
painting better than one "manufac-
tured" by the untrained or untalented.
You, as individual architects and
through your Chapters, have an ex-
cellent opportunity-with a program
of this type-to create the good pub-
lic relations we are all anxious to
achieve. Set up a meeting to which
other design and music groups are
invited. Analyze your community and
work out a program to help your
neighbors. You will be helping your-
selves more than you realize.


. The first Convention of the new decade -
which some are already calling "The Sizzling
Sixties" will be at Hollywood in November.
The Broward County Chapter will be the host;
and members are already at work developing
the theme "Architecture for Our Climate" into
a program which promises to be both provoca-
tive and unusual. It's not too early to plan
for the 1960 FAA Convention right now.
There's a good chance you'll be invited to par-
ticipate as well as to attend .

-T '1

I II ?:
I It


L ""

~-~-- 't~:"r'