The Dean's musings
 Around the college


CLAS notes
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Title: CLAS notes the monthly news publication of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
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Creation Date: December 2003
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Table of Contents
        Page 1
    The Dean's musings
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Around the college
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
Full Text
December 2003 / January 2004
Vol. 17 / Vol. 18

The University of Florida
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

In this Issue:

Florida Blue Key
Honors CLAS Faculty........................3

Summing up the Genome .............. 4

Around the College ....................... 6

G rants............................ ........... 8

Bookbeat ...................................... 10

A Happy 150th Birthday................ 12

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
News and Publications
2008 Turlington Hall
PO Box 117300
Gainesville FL 32611-7300

CLASnotes is published by the College of Liberal
Arts and Sciences to inform faculty, staff and stu-
dents of current research and events.

Contributing Editor:
Design & Photography:

Neil Sullivan
Allyson A. Beutke
Buffy Lockette
Jane Dominguez
Brenda Lee
Kimberly A. Lopez
Garry Nonog

Additional Photography:
Cover Illustration: Garry Nonog, Jane Domin-
guez; DNA model courtesy Doug Lundberg;
data courtesy Connie Mulligan
Courtesy Department of Astronomy:
p. 6 (Kandrup)

The Dean's


Focusing on the Basics

As we close out the calendar year and prepare for new university
leadership, it is a good time to reflect on what is most important
for the college and our programs to accomplish in the future.
Above all, quality must be our first consideration. We are judged
on our standards of teaching, writings and scholarly contribu-
tions, so we must focus on selected areas where we can build
a mark of distinction that would set UF apart as a recognized
leader. We cannot do this in all disciplines, and must be careful to
select areas of promise and fields of study relevant to the modern
needs of the nation and the state.
As the state seeks to develop new high-tech industrial growth
in such areas as biotechnology, it cannot succeed without a truly
high-quality university environment to provide the leadership,
the new workforce and the public awareness that is required. The
long-term future of the state depends on how successful we are in
building a first-class research university enterprise in the next few
The new biotechnologies developed in the genetic sciences,
including genomics and bioinformatics, will play a major role in
the future of UF and the new industries in the state. The keys to
unlocking the methods for understanding inheritable diseases, the
aging process, and how to develop new agriculture crops will be
generated by the new generation of biochemists, mathematicians,
cell biologists, geneticists, statisticians and biomedical engineers
who are now focusing on research at the most fundamental levels.
As advances are made in genomics, and we learn how to handle
and interpret the complex data, major applications important to
health and the quality of life are sure to follow.
Basic science is not the only important component for suc-
cess. The ethical issues of handling personal records and research
studies will require the involvement of ethicists and social scien-
tists to a degree previously not encountered. They will be respon-
sible for developing new paradigms to protect the rights of the
individual in this brave new world. It is the great universities that
provide the atmosphere and the liberty for this research and these
discussions, and UF must be in a leader in these new areas.

Neil Sullivan
sullivan@phys. ufl. edu

On the Cover:
UF geneticists and statisticians are examining the relationships between DNA and gene functions
by using complex data analysis methods, an area known as statistical genetics. Read the full story
on page 4.
CLASnotes December 2003 /January 2004

Printed on
recycled paper

page 2

Florida Blue Key

Honors CLAS Faculty

During the 2003 Homecoming
festivities, three CLAS professors
were honored for their outstand-
ing service and dedication to UE
Chemistry Professor William Dol-
bier, Psychology Professor Carolyn
Tucker, and Political Science and
Jewish Studies Professor Kenneth
Wald were three of the four win-
ners chosen from across campus
to receive a 2003 Distinguished
Faculty Award from Florida Blue
Key (FBK).
Each year, a commit-
tee selects honorees based on
nominations endorsed by college
deans. The committee is generally
composed of students, faculty,
an administrator and the current
FBK advisor. Jonathan Kaskel, the
2003 committee chairman, says
the award highlights the accom-
plishments of faculty members
who have reached out to the com-
munity, beyond their disciplines.
"Florida Blue Key seeks to recog-
nize faculty who have contributed
not only to their academic field,
but also to the university commu-
nity. Recognizing and rewarding
faculty for their vital role on cam-
pus is one of Florida Blue Key's
stated goals, and this award is one
way of demonstrating the respect
we have for our professors."
The winners were recognized
at the annual FBK banquet,
which this year featured a keynote
address by Attorney General John
Ashcroft. Honorees also were

showcased in convertibles during
the Homecoming Parade.
Dolbier received his under-
graduate degree from Stetson
University and a PhD from Cor-
nell University. In 1966, he joined
the Department of Chemistry
and has since served in numerous
capacities, including department
chair. He has been recognized for
his work in fluorine chemistry
and his dedication to teaching,
receiving the Professorial Excel-
lence Program Award and Teacher
of the Year from his department.
"As someone who has been
on the UF faculty for 36 years, I
consider this an honor to be par-
ticularly recognized for my teach-
ing accomplishments," Dolbier
says. "Although I certainly enjoy
doing research, I have always
loved teaching."
Tucker has taught at UF
since receiving her PhD from the
State University of New York at
Stony Brook in 1976 and, as a
clinical psychologist, specializes in
research on contributors to cultur-
ally sensitive healthcare and the
predictors of mental and physical
health among children in minori-
ty and low-income families. She is
a UF Distinguished Alumni Pro-
fessor and has received numerous
other honors, including a 2003
Doctoral Dissertation/Mentoring
Award. A veteran of academic
awards, Tucker says the FBK
award is a "treasured blessing"

because it comes from students,
faculty and administrators. "The
award validates my strong belief
that if you strive for excellence in
all that you do, and in the process
remember to reach out and touch
somebody's heart and somebody's
hand each day, you will be con-
tinually blessed."
Since coming to UF in 1983,
Wald has served as chair, 1989-
1994, and graduate coordinator,
1987-1989, of the Department
of Political Science. In July 1999,
he became the director of the
Center for Jewish Studies. He also
has served as a Fulbright profes-
sor at the Hebrew University of
Jerusalem and as a visiting profes-
sor in Scotland and Israel. Wald
received his bachelor's degree
from the University of Nebraska
and earned his graduate degrees
at Washington University in St.
Louis. His research focuses on the
intersection of religion and poli-
"The rewards of this pro-
fession are rarely direct and
immediate, so when students and
colleagues take the time to honor
you, it's especially nice," Wald
says. "I hope I received the award
because my career at UF has
emphasized teaching, scholarship
and service. Then again, maybe
they just thought I would look
cool in a convertible during the
Homecoming Parade."
-Kimberly A. Lopez

CLASnotes December 2003 / January 2004



page 3

Summing Up

the Genome:

Statistical Genetics
Collaboration Examines

Wealth of New Data

"If you do the experiment right the first time, you don't need to use statistics" is an old
adage among scientists that might make statisticians cringe. But while some scientists still
choose to analyze their own data, many have realized they need a more sophisticated statisti-
cal approach to obtain better results. "Researchers might be looking to associate a trait, such
as height, weight or growth, with a certain gene, but many geneticists cannot get by any-
more by doing simple statistical t-tests," says George Casella, chair of UF's statistics depart-
ment. "Now, we're dealing with much more complicated data sets, so a more complex analy-
sis must be done, and this is where statistical genetics plays a role."

Anthropologist Connie Mul-
ligan and statistician Rongling
Wu are collaborating on a
genetics study using advanced
statistical analysis software.

At UF, a group of more
than 40 faculty members and
students from across campus
who work as geneticists and
statisticians have formed the
Statistical Genetics Group. "A
few years ago, we started having
a weekly seminar series where
we would come together and
talk about what we do and how
we could assist each other,"
Casella says. "We've brought
together folks from CLAS, IFAS
and medicine, and sometimes
we would have a scientist give
a basic lecture about DNA
and RNA, and then we would
review some basic statistical
analysis techniques. Now, some
of us have started collaborating
on various projects, and we're
working with researchers at
other universities in the US and
For the non-geneticist or
non-statistician, a brief history

lesson might help explain why
this field has become even more
important during the last 20
years. Genetics has its origins
with Gregor Mendel (1822-
1864) who derived basic laws
of heredity such as: hereditary
factors do not combine but are
passed intact; each member of
the parental generation trans-
mits only half of its hereditary
factors to each offspring (with
certain factors "dominant" over
others); and different offspring
of the same parents receive dif-
ferent sets of hereditary factors.
Mendel's work became the
foundation for modern genetics.
Statistical genetics has its
origins in the work of R.A. Fish-
er, S. Wright, and J.B.S. Hal-
dane in the 1920s and 1930s.
They realized that observable
genetic variation could be inter-
preted using probabilistic mod-
eling, rigorous statistical analysis

and well-founded scientific
Statistical genetics has even
more relevance today, since the
Human Genome Project was
completed in 2003. The project,
which began in 1990, is a scien-
tific effort to map and sequence
the three billion chemical pairs
that make up human DNA and
identify the roughly 100,000
genes that comprise a person's
genetic code. The challenge cur-
rently facing scientists is finding
a way to organize and catalog
this vast amount of information
into a usable form. They are also
trying to understand the genetic
variation within and among
individuals, populations and
species. Both of these goals are
intrinsically statistical and fall
within the realm of statistical
"The completion of the
Human Genome Project has

CLASnotes December 2003 /January 2004

page 4

resulted in a wealth of new data
that must be .. -.. : analyzed
in order to reap the promised
benefits of the project," says
Connie ..:: .... an assistant
professor of .- '. : and
associate director of UF's Genet-
ics Institute. :- complicated,
but it's the next logical step if
we're going to start determining
relationships between certain
genes and certain diseases.' Mul-
: who worked at the Nation-
al Institutes of Health (NIH)
before coming to UF in 1999,
has worked on several studies to
determine which genes possibly
increase or decrease the risk of
i.. was at NIH, we
looked for genetic variants that
increase or decrease the risk of
developing alcoholism," she says.
variants, ADH1B and
ALDH2, had been ;.
that appear to protect against
alcoholism. These gene products
have altered kinetic activity that
results in the accumulation of
acetaldehyde, which produces
facial :: ...... an accelerated
heart rate and nausea, known
as the :: : response.'These
variants are present at high
numbers in Asian populations,
and the ':. ... : response makes
drinking unpleasant, so people
don't drink, and there is a lower
risk of alcoholism."
Now, : .:: is !:- at
additional variants in the same
two genes in a .- popula-
tion, American Indians, to deter-
mine if there are other variants
that could lead to alcoholism.
She is using a new statistical soft-
ware package developed by UF
statisticians to analyze the i.' of
clinical data. "This new program
incorporates epistatic effects.
I .i we assume that each
gene acts independently, when
in fact that is probably not the
case. F is when two genes
interact, so their net effect is

more or less than the total T -
would be if you just added those
two effects .. 1 1 ... Mul-
' .. says a good example of this
type of effect is evident in the
recent research :".. .. related
to hormone replacement therapy,
where estrogen in humans seems
to have the opposite effect of
estrogen in rats, in terms of heart
disease and cancer. "In this case,
it may be because in the clinical
studies, an extra hormone was
added for humans that may have
interacted with the estrogen and
modified its effects," explains

Associate Professor of Sta-
tistics .. .. W u i : .: 4
with ( ... .. Ma, from
the( i of Medicine, and
Casella to develop the model.
Wu says the software took about
six months to develop. :
designed for high-resolution
mapping of complex traits and
can help geneticists precisely
identify the location of genes (for
diseases, plant size or milk yield)
on the genome. This model is
one of the most advanced in
the genetics literature." Wu says
traditional models for : :
complex traits are a combination
of genetics and statistics, whereas
this new model represents inte-
gration among genetics, statistics
and general biology.
:.' .,. says without the
software, she would have stopped
her study. "We published one
: this summer, but I -! -- 1 -
I was finished with that data
set," she says.
it's worth pursuing
because there is a
new way to analyze
the data and pos-
sibly obtain more f :
meaningful results. stat
It would have been
almost .. .. WOL
to analyze these tean
data further without
a more sophisticated

Another faculty member
who has utilized the Statisti-
cal Genetic Group's consulting
service is Assistant Professor of
Zoology Marta Wayne. Wayne,
who !' in evolutionary
genetics, is no stranger to ::
orating with statisticians. Since
she was a postdoctoral research
i. at North Carolina State
University, Wayne has collabo-
rated with a statistical geneticist
on various projects. "I collaborate
with Lauren Mclntyre at Purdue
University, and it's a longstand-
ing :: : .. nearly 10
years. Even though I teach at
NC State's Summer Institute
in Statistical Genetics, I am an
empirical geneticist, not a statisti-
cian. My specialty is :.:. .: the
theory to the data, but to do the
hard stuff, i need my collabora-
Wayne has brainstormed
with ( ::. on a study she
would like to pursue involving
LD melanogaster, or fruit
flies. "There is an overall pattern
we see in fruit flies of! :. eggs
over the course of their lifetime.
The majority of female fruit ::=
have their peak of laying eggs
earlier in life, but sometimes
the flies lay eggs constantly, and
sometimes it's reversed with the
most eggs .. later in life.
These exceptions .. to be
genetic, but we need to develop
a way to statistically evaluate this
pattern and the variances within
it." Since fruit i. are a model

organism, Wayne's research on
timing of reproduction could
have implications for other
organisms, 1 ..i... people.
In addition to collaborating
with researchers from UF and
other universities, Casella says
another main goal is to establish
a PhD program in statistical
genetics at UE "The new UF
Genetics Institute .:i help us
bring in faculty in this area, and
we're already teaching some sta-
tistical genetics courses. A strong
PhD program would put UF on
the map as a place of research
and teaching in this growing
. i "( :: and Wu also are
writing a textbook, Statistical
Genetics of Complex Traits, which
,ii be published in 2004.
Within the next decade,
Casella says he expects the field
to advance even more. "We're
starting to understand more and
more about the genetic, !.i of
humans and how this relates to
health and disease. .. example,
one day, we'll be able to take a
drop of blood from someone
which contains their DNA and
. : that person what.
tion would work best based on
their genetic make-up. it's an
S. : ...: direction for scientists
and statisticians to be moving in
since the demand for this type of
research .ii only increase, and
much of it can only be accom-
i.1' i using the expertise of
each other."
-Allyson A. Beutke

new UF Genetics :!.'..- I.' help us bring in
.:" in '.'. area, and we're ,. teaching some

istical genetics courses. A strong PhD pr.- .-,ram

ild put UF on the map as a; .:' ,. of research and
:.- :'' in this growing m...' "

CLASnotes December 2003 / January 2004

page 5

Upcoming Events
Leading scholars of history, English, French, art his-
tory and religious studies from across the US will visit
UF for the symposium Other Enlightenments: Gen-
der and the Long Eighteenth Century on January
29-31. The event is sponsored by UF's Center for the
Humanities and the Public Sphere, the France-Florida
Research Institute, the Office of Research and Gradu-
ate Programs, the Center for the Women's Studies and
Gender Research, the Department of History and the
School of Art and Art History. For more informa-
tion, contact Melissa Hyde at 392-0211, ext. 245 or

The 17th Annual Women's Leadership Confer-
ence will take place on Sunday, February 8, at the J.
Wayne Reitz Union Rion Ballroom. Organized by
the Women's Leadership Council, this year's theme is
"What Women Want: It's Our Prerogative." The con-
ference will be held from 9 am to 4:30 pm and is open
to everyone, for a $25 registration fee. Organizational
discounts are available. To register online, go to www.
dso.ufl.edu/wlc/registernow.html or pick up an appli-
cation at the Dean of Students Office in Peabody Hall,
room P202. The registration deadline is January 28.
For more information, call 392-1261, ext. 235.

McQuown Scholarship
Applications Due in February
The college is currently accepting applications for the
2004-2005 0. Ruth McQuown scholarship program,
created in honor of the first woman associate dean in
CLAS, O. Ruth McQuown. The scholarship recog-
nizes outstanding female students in the humanities,
social sciences, women studies and interdisciplinary
studies in these areas, and is open to current under-
graduate and graduate students, as well as incoming
graduate students. Up to five undergraduates will be
awarded between $500 and $3,000 and two graduate
students, one incoming and one current, will receive
$8,000 plus tuition. The deadline to apply is February
20 for current UF students and February 6 for incom-
ing graduate students. Application forms are available
in 2014 Turlington Hall and online at www.clas.ufl.
edu/scholarships/ruthmcquown.htm. For more infor-
mation, contact Yumiko Hulvey at yhulvey@ aall.ufl.
edu or 392-6800.

CLASnotes encourages letters to the editor. E-mail edi-
tor@clas.ufl.edu or send a letter to CLASnotes, PO Box
117300, Gainesville FL 32611. CLASnotes reserves the
right to edit submissions for punctuation and length.

page 6


the College

In Memory

Astronomy Professor Henry Kandrup died of
natural causes on October 18 at his home in
Gainesville. The 48-year-old astrophysicist had
taught at the university for 13 years.
Born in New York City, Kandrup earned an
AB in physics from Princeton University in 1976
and a PhD in physics from the University of Chi-
cago in 1980. He had appointments at the Uni-
versity of California, Santa Barbara; the University
of Texas, Austin; the University of Maryland,
College Park; Syracuse University and Oakland
University before coming to UF in 1990.
Kandrup taught graduate courses in cosmol-
ogy and galactic and extragalactic astronomy, as well as the undergraduate course,
Exploring the Universe. In 1994, he received a UF Teaching Improvement
Program Award. As a researcher, Kandrup was a member of the UF Institute
for Fundamental Theory and studied gravitational astrophysics, supported by a
National Science Foundation grant.
"Henry Kandrup was an invaluable faculty member of both the astronomy
and physics departments," says Stan Dermott, chair of the Department of
Astronomy. "Student evaluations of his classes show clearly that he was one of
our leading teachers. He was also one of our most productive scholars. By nature,
he gave the impression of being somewhat reclusive. However, he formed close
and long lasting friendships with all of his many graduate students and they, and
the rest of us, will miss his brilliance and humor."
The astronomy department held a memorial service for Kandrup at the
Baughman Center on December 6. A conference also is being organized in his
honor on the astronomical applications of non-linear dynamics and should take
place in 2004.

John K. Mahon, former chair of the history department, died at his Gainesville
home on October 11 at the age of 91.
Born February 8, 1912, in Ottumwa, Iowa, Mahon was called to active
military duty in 1942, delaying his entrance to academia. After his discharge in
1946, he received his PhD in history from the University of California at Los
Angeles. Mahon came to Gainesville in 1954, accepting a teaching position in
the Department of History. He served as chair of the department from 1965-
1973 and retired from UF in 1982.
A military historian by specialization, his book, The History of the Second
Seminole War, was published in 1967, and is still regarded as the authority on the
subject. Mahon also was president of the local chapter of the Sierra Club, board
member of the Alachua Conservation Trust and the Seminole Wars Historic
Foundation, and president of the Florida Historical Society.
UF History Professor Eldon Turner remembers Mahon's role as a military
historian who understood the history of warfare was fundamental to the great
movements of power among nations. Turner says Mahon led the Department of
History with a "no-muss, no-fuss style that reflected his personality." Upon his
retirement, an annual teaching award was named in Mahon's honor.
CLASnotes December 2003 /January 2004


H. Russell Bernard received
the 2003 Franz Boas Award for
exemplary service to anthro-
pology at the 102nd annual
meeting of the American
Anthropological Association in
November. Bernard is a lead-
ing figure in both quantitative
and qualitative research meth-
ods. He received the award
in part for maintaining the
holistic tradition of anthropol-
ogy exemplified by Franz Boas,
an early founder of American

Helen Safa also was honored
at the meeting. She received
the 2003 Conrad Arensberg
Award from the Society for the
Anrl-.. .p. .1. .;' of Work for her
pioneering studies on work,
class, gender and development
with an emphasis on Latin

Also at the meeting, two fac-
ulty members assumed elected
offices in the association. Anita
Spring will serve as the applied
anthropologist on the ethics
committee, and Susan D. Gil-
lespie is chair-elect of the arche-
ology division. In addition, J.
Richard Stepp was honored for
his two years of service on the
executive board.

Alan Katritzky presented a
keynote lecture at the Scientific
Partnership Foundation Inter-
national Conference in Mos-
cow in October, where he was
awarded the Crystal Globe and
a diploma for his outstanding
contributions to world sciences.
He also was recently elected as
a foreign member of the Indian
National Science Academy.

Jennifer A. Rea gave a lecture
titled "Temples and Treasuries
in Roman Politics and Litera-
ture" at Stetson University on
November 10.

Criminology and Law
Alex Piquero will participate
in a two-year project funded
by the National Science
Foundation called "Setting a
National Agenda for Research
on Race/Ethnicity, Crime, and
Criminal Justice." The purpose
of the project is to develop a
national research agenda on
the interrelationships among
race/ethnicity, crime and
criminal justice. Piquero will
participate in several national

James Haskins has written 59
sidebars in the Encyclopedia
Civil Rights Chronicles, covering
the period of 1950 to 1969, Jim
Crow laws, race and the crimi-
nal justice system. He also has
been appointed as a member of
the editorial advisory committee
for the Online Encyclopedia of

Mark A. Reid presented the
paper "When Sue Wears Red:
The Black Femme Fatale in
Cinematic Horror" at the
conference Black American
Cinema Re-Considered: The
Contemporary Scene, held
at New York University on
November 7-8.

Peter Hirschfeld visited the
Interdisciplinary Center for
Theoretical Studies of the Chi-
nese Academy of Sciences in
Beijing in October and gave a
series of lectures titled "Inho-

mogeneity and Quantum Inter-
ference in Disordered Cuprate

Hendrik Monkhorst has
received two patents for dis-
covering a new type of energy
conversion from nuclear fusion.
Different from proposed meth-
ods of obtaining electric power
from a fusion reactor, Monk-
horst has found a technique
that will extract this power non-
thermally, increasing efficiency
from 40 to 80 percent. This
technique will be used at the
Colliding Beam Fusion Reac-
tor in Lake Forest, California,
which was built to test this
process, and will help make
nuclear power safe, clean and

Chris Stanton has been elected
as a fellow of the American
Physical Society for his theoreti-
cal contributions to nonequi-
librium phenomena in semi-
conductors and applications
to ultrafast laser spectroscopy.
Only half of one percent of the
total APS membership is select-
ed for fellowship in the society
each year. This year, a total of
215 new fellows were elected.

Political Science
Leslie Anderson recently
presented a paper in Spanish,
"Parties in the Nicaraguan
Democratic Transition: The
Contribution of Pre-democratic
Parties to a New Democracy,"
at the First Central American
Congress of Political Science in
San Jose, Costa Rica. The paper
will be published in the new
book Selected Proceedings of the
First CentralAmerican Congress
of Political Science, which will be
printed in 2004.

Dana Byrd, a doctoral can-
didate in developmental psy-
chology, has been named the
national recipient of the Ruth
G. and Joseph D. Matarazzo
Scholarship from the Ameri-
can Psychological Foundation
and the Council of Graduate
Departments of Psychology. She
has received $3,000 to continue
her research examining the
neurological components of

Romance Languages
and Literatures
Spanish Professor Andr6s Avel-
laneda has been appointed
chair of the Bryce Wood Book
Award Committee of the Latin
American Studies Association,
which honors the best book
published in English on Latin
American Studies. He also
recently published three articles:
"Recordando con ira: estrategias
ideol6gicas y ficcionales argen-
tinas a fin de siglo," in Revista
Iberoamericana; "Eva Per6n:
cuerpo y cadaver de la litera-
tura," in Evita: mito y represen-
taciones; and "Bioy mirando al
sudeste," in Homenaje a Adolfo
Bioy Casares.

Spanish Professor Geraldine
Nichols was the keynote speak-
er at the Mid-America Confer-
ence on Hispanic Literatures,
held at the University of Colo-
rado in Boulder in October. She
spoke on the representation of
the Spanish Civil War in the
novels of several contempo-
rary women authors. She also
recently published two reviews
and an article on a new genera-
tion of novelists in Mujeres nov-
elistas: jdvenes narradoras de los
noventa in Madrid.

Read CLASnotes online at http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu

CLASnotes December 2003 / January 2004

page 7

- B. 6l6vso o Slcsoe Rs c Oco-e i* 6r60 T l $ 06

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page 8

CLASnotes December 2003 /January 2004

voucning to yuni

Smoking is the number one cause of preventable deaths in the
US, killing more than 440,000 people a year. Of the estimated
46.5 million Americans who smoke, 70 percent would like to
quit, though few are able to do so. Psychology Professor Jesse
Dallery, aided by a grant from the National Institutes of Health,
has developed an innovative new way to help smokers kick the
"You have to increase their motivation not to smoke,"
Dallery says. "The question is, what kind of incentive is power-
ful enough? If your health, the cost of cigarettes, the stains to
your teeth and clothes isn't powerful enough, what will provide
enough incentive for a smoker to quit? My research argues that
if you deliver immediate incentives of a great enough magni-
tude, you can compete with smoking."
Dallery's answer is offering the smokers in his research
study vouchers to shop online at Target, Wal-Mart, Barnes &
Noble, Amazon, Gap, JCPenney, Best Buy, Chili's and many
other vendors if they uit smoking and sustain cessation. The
longer participants maintain
abstinence, the greater the dollar
amount of their vouchers. Once
they have enough voucher money
saved up to buy a product they
ant from any of the 21 partici-
pating vendors, participants simply
submit a request to Dallery, who
orders the product and ships it
directly to their door.
"This is one innovative
ay to reach hardcore smokers,"
Dallery says. "The study is geared
toward heavy smokers who have
been smoking for a long period of
Jesse Dallery time and really have no motivation
to quit. These are the people who
are not reachable through current
But for those chain-smokers out there who think they can
walk away with the prizes and still continue smoking, think
again. The study does not operate on the honor system. Dal-
lery has designed a program that is virtually cheatproof. Using
a carbon monoxide monitor, participants have to take a breath
test every night under the watchful eye of a Webcam. They
simply blow into the monitor-which calculates how much
carbon monoxide is in their lungs-and show the results to the
Webcam, which records the whole process. They then e-mail
the video clip to Dallery. The whole process takes a matter of

minutes and frees participants from traveling to the lab for time-
consuming tests.
To participate in the study, individuals must have a long
history of smoking-at least five years-with no successful quit
attempts. They must smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day and
have no intention to quit. They cannot be on the patch, Zyban,
use nicotine gum or any other variety of smoking cessation aids.
Dallery has conducted the study for the past four months, and
many of the participants so far are hardcore chain-smokers, con-
suming about three packs a day. "To get any sustained period of
abstinence with these people is pretty remarkable," he says. "And
so far, it's working."
Dallery has received NIH funding to continue the study at
$100,000 a year for two years. Once the results are in, he plans
to research more economical ways to use incentives to help peo-
ple stop smoking. He also wants to look at how using products
like the nicotine patch and Zyban, along with incentives, will
increase a smoker's ability to kick the habit.
-Buffy Lockette

Read the full grants listing at http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu/news.shtml in this month's issue of CLASnotes online.

CLASnotes December 2003 / January 2004


page 9

Bookbeat Recent publications from CLAS faculty

f Orange Journalism: Voices from Florida Newspapers

alt Disney World, Cape Canaveral,
the 2000 presidential election and Hur-
icane Andrew. When you are working for
a newspaper in Florida, there is never a
hortage of things to write about. Known
as the breeding ground of some of the
P world's best journalists, including 37
lPulitzer Prize winners, Florida is recog-
b ized throughout the industry for pro-
ducing some of the most outstanding
Julian Pleasants, Oral History, newspapers in the country.
author of Orange Journalism, lorida roal a
University Press of Florida. "Florida probably has more
good newspapers than any other state,"
says Julian Pleasants, director of the Samuel Proctor Oral History
Program and author of Orange Journalism, a new book offering the
inside scoop on the Florida newspaper business. Published this fall
by the University Press of Florida, the 339-page book is a compila-
tion of interviews with newspaper publishers, editors, writers and
editorial cartoonists-from huge conglomerates to small indepen-
dents-discussing many issues and concerns of the 900 weeklies
and 375 dailies printed in the state.
Comprised of interviews collected by the Oral History Program,
the book is divided into 15 chapters, each including an introduction
by Pleasants, followed by a transcript of an interview. The project was
funded by the Florida Press Association, which gave the oral history
program $23,500 to interview as many Florida newspaper pioneers as
Over the course of four years, a host of the state's leading print
journalists were interviewed, including Al Neuharth, founder of
USA Today; Carl Hiaasen of the Miami Herald, and Lucy Morgan

of the St. Petersburg Times. Representatives from medium-sized
papers such as the Sarasota Herald Tribune were interviewed, as well
as weekly papers like the Polk County Democrat. The minority press
was also highlighted with the African American paper Miami Times
and the Hispanic publication Diario las Americas.
Lively and engaging, the interviews offer insight about the sta-
tus of women in a traditionally male profession, the impact of new
technology on newspapers, and management differences between
large conglomerates and state papers. M_ AL __W_
One of Pleasants' favorite passages in :i r ,
Orange Journalism is included in the 19- .i
page chapter on the 1996 Pulitzer Prize
winner Rick Bragg, a former Miami Her- -
ald reporter. "A story is what it's really all BoTmu
about, and that's all I really care about," L l
Bragg says. "The thought of running
some small newspaper somewhere, of try- ;-'-'
ing to put together the kind of newsroom .I
where reporters are excited about their .
work-you know, the kind of place where
they slap high fives when they come back
from pinning the city councilman up against the wall with their
question, or writing a lead so good they have to get up from their
terminal and walk it off-that is very seductive."
"I love the way he says that because it talks about his love of
journalism and his love of writing," Pleasants says. "To me, that
kind of sums up what the newspaper business is all about."
-Buffy Lockette

Vietnamese Tone: A New Analysis

"he Vietnamese language heavily relies
In the speaker-a different tone of voice
nay produce different word meanings. A
ang-standing myth, however, is that pitch
determines the tone of the language. Pro-
essor Andrea Hoa Pham seeks to disbar
his falsehood in her new book Vietnamese
Tone: A New Analysis.
This reader-friendly version of
Pham's 2001 doctoral dissertation
presents her research, which studies
breathiness and creakiness as the basis
for tone in Vietnamese. Pham says alter-

sis, Routledge. ing breathiness and creakiness in tone
changes the settings, which ultimately
changes the meaning. For her research, Pham spent time in her native
Vietnam and specifically studied the country's northern dialect.
Pham came to UF in 2002, and she teaches Vietnamese lan-
guage courses. Recognizing the different levels of proficiency based on

culture, Pham created a heritage and non-
heritage course. She says the different classes
allow non-Vietnamese students to learn
a new language they have probably never
been exposed to while giving Vietnamese
students a further exploration of their own
culture. Currently, Pham teaches Vietnam-
ese I and II and hopes to develop a litera-
ture course.
"While I do not teach my research in
class, as a language teacher, I am able to test
my hypothesis on my students," Pham says. "Students have differ-
ent reasons for wanting to take the course; dating in the Vietnamese
culture, spreading the culture, or simply learning the language. So it is
now or never to maintain high enrollment in both the non-native and
heritage classes to ensure future development of the program.
-Kimberly A. Lopez

CLASnotes December 2003 /January 2004

Andrea Hoa Pham, African
and Asian Languages and
Literature, author of Viet-
namese Tone: A NewAnaly-

page 10

Memory: Explor-
ing Its Functions
in Everyday Life,
edited by Susan
Bluck (Psychol-
ogy), Psychology
Press ,,

This special issue
of the Psychol-
ogy Press journal
Memory aims
to encourage research that uses a functional
approach to investigate autobiographical
memory (AM) in everyday life. The papers
in this issue include theoretical and empiri-
cal work by individuals who have made
central contributions to our understanding
of memory functions in their programmatic
work. Previously hypothesized functions of
AM fall into three broad domains: self, social
and directive. Each paper addresses how AM
serves one or more of these functions and
thereby examines the usefulness and adequa-
cy of this trio.

Radical Space:
Building the
House of the
People, Margaret
Kohn (Political
Science), Cornell
University Press

political events




are often remem-
bered for their
spatial markers:
the fall of the
Berlin Wall, the storming of the Bastille,
the occupation ofTiananmen Square. Until
recently, however, political theory has over-
looked the power of place. In Radical Space,
Margaret Kohn puts space at the center of
democratic theory. Kohn examines different
sites of working-class mobilization in Europe
and explains how these sites destabilized the
existing patterns of social life, economic activ-
ity, and political participation. Her approach
suggests new ways to understand the popular
public sphere of the early twentieth century.
-Book jacket

Paternalism Incor-
porated: Fables of
American Father-
hood, 1865-1940,
David Leverenz
(English), Cornell
University Press

Between the Civil
War and World
War I, the corpo-
rate transforma- i
tion of American
work created widespread desire for upward
mobility along with widening class divi-
sions. In this book, David Leverenz examines
several significant narrative constructs that
emerge at the intersection between paternalist
practices and more democratic possibilities
for self-advancement. From Mark Twain's
Laura Hawkins in The GildedAge to Willa
Catcher's Alexandra Bergson in 0 Pioneers!,
Leverenz finds that "daddy's girl" constrains
the emerging threat of the career woman
even as it articulates the lure of upward
mobility for women. By surveying the figure
of the "daddy's boy," Leverenz examines ten-
sions between young men's desires for upward
mobility and older men's desires for paternal


Tales of the Heart
and Other Brain-
less Organs, Rob-
ert J. Scholes
(Professor Emeri-
tus, Communi-
cation Sciences
and Disorders),

A soldier who
shoots a moose to
fulfill his training,
a husband who makes a movie witi
Japanese porn star, a garage mechai
seeks wives through mail-order brick
a beach blanket serial killer, a pedo]
school English teacher, an aging scl
looks for fulfillment in the sex marl
Bangkok, a young professor who fi
truth is not what schools are after,
malevolent picture frame that bring
anyone whose image it embraces-
other misguided searches for love a
ness are explored in these short store

Messy Beginnings:
Postcoloniality and
Early American
Studies, edited
by Malini Johar .
Schueller (Eng-
lish) and Edward
Watts, Rutgers
University Press

When scholars M A s Bayn
imagine American ^t EDnRD am
they think either of contemporary multi-
culturalism or imperialism since 1898. This
narrow view has left more than the two
prior centuries of colonizing literary and
political culture unexamined. Messy Begin-
nings challenges the idea of early America's
immunity from issues of imperialism and of
its separation from European colonialism. By
addressing a range of literary texts and exam-
ining the work of key postcolonial theorists,
the contributors to this volume explore the
applicability of such models to early Ameri-
can culture. They argue against the idea that
the colonization of what became the United
States was simply a confrontation between
European culture and a singular "other."

Their analyses reveal that the formation of
-Book jacket America resulted from messy or unstable
negotiations of the idea of "nation."
-Book jacket

Globalizing the
Sacred Religion
Across the Ameri-
cas, Manuel A.
VXsquez (Reli-
gion) and Marie i I II
Friedmann Mar-
quardt, Rutgers
University Press

Drawing on case
h a famous studies in the
nic who United States
le services, and Latin America, Manuel A. Visquez and
phile high Marie Friedmann Marquardt explore the
holar who evolving roles of religion in the Americas in
kets of the face ofglobalization, transnational migra-
nds that tion, the rapid growth of culture industries,
ad a the rise of computer mediated technologies,
;s death to and the crisis of modernity. Combining eth-
these and nographic research in local congregations,
nd happi- studies of material culture and sacred space,
-ies. textual analyses, and approaches to mass and
-Publisher electronic media, the authors challenge domi-
nant paradigms in sociology of religion.
-Book jacket

CLASnotes December 2003 / January 2004

page 11


Happy 150th Birthday

For the 2003 UF Homecoming Parade on November 7, the College
Colg of Liberal Arts and Sciences Student Council (CLASSC) built its first
S ever float. Led by political science sophomore and CLASSC execu-
tive-at-large Jason Goldman, the CLASSC Homecoming Committee
Spent nearly three weeks building the float, a giant birthday cake pay-
ing tribute to UF's 150th birthday celebration in 2003. Many of the
S25 student organizations under CLASSC helped construct the float.
S, CLASSC president Andrew Hoffman, a junior psychology major, says
the final 12 hours of float building were the most intense. "We had a
final wrap-up the day before the parade, and about 10 of us worked
from 5 pm Thursday night to 5 am Friday morning, and we got about
, two hours of sleep! But it was worth it!"

Left to right: Jason Goldman (executive-at-large and Homecoming
Committee chair), Andrew Hoffman (president) and Joshua Gellers
(executive-at-large) ride on the CLASSC float.

Honoring the past, shaping the future
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