Around the college
 Grants awarded through Division...
 Book beat
 A note from the chair


CLAS notes
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073682/00141
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Title: CLAS notes the monthly news publication of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- College of Arts and Sciences
Publisher: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: June 2000
Frequency: monthly
Subjects / Keywords: Education, humanistic -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
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serial   ( sobekcm )
General Note: Subtitle varies; some numbers issued without subtitle.
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Holding Location: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
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notis - AJN0714
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Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Around the college
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
        Page 10
    Book beat
        Page 11
    A note from the chair
        Page 12
Full Text

A Grand Opportunity
During this past academic year, fac-
ulty and administrators from the College
of Education and CLAS have been
working together to plan an exciting
new venture, Pathways to Teaching, that
should benefit both colleges, and more
importantly, the students for whom the
initiative is intended.
Beginning this fall, entering fresh-
men will have the opportunity to enroll
in this inter-college program to attract the
best students to a career in teaching. The
training of teachers is naturally within
the purview of the College of Education,
but with the recent renewed emphasis
on enhanced course content for teachers,
CLAS will now partner with Education
for what should be their mutual gain.
Faculty from the two colleges will
work closely together in permitting
students to obtain both a CLAS degree
and teaching certification in four years.
CLAS will also develop specialized new
courses for Education students. In addi-
tion, we will help market the new pro-
gram to incoming students. This could
be a most important venture for UF.
Florida faces a critical teacher short-
age already, and the continued population
growth can only make this problem of
greater concern. Anything we can do
to attract more students into the profes-
sion of teaching should be a high prior-
ity. Many students graduate from high
school having some interest in teaching
as a career, but we are probably not
pro-active enough in helping them fol-
low these aspirations. And meanwhile,
with so many other high-profile majors
dancing before their eyes, few students
end up in the teaching profession. With
the partnership between CLAS and
Education, we can do better.
Preview and academic advising
sessions for new students will include
a focus on the teaching profession.
Pathways to Teaching will serve to alert

June/July 2000


Vol. 14 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences No. 6-7

Teaching Hebrew

"It's an interesting mix of students," says professor Galia Hatav

The first year Galia Hatav offered a
course in Biblical Hebrew, interest-
ed students were required to have
at least one semester of modem Hebrew
as a prerequisite, but she soon realized this
was too great a demand. "I thought we
lost students that way, students who would
be willing to work hard," she explains.
Hatav quickly dropped the language
requirement, and now finds her courses
filled with students majoring in every-
thing from anthropology to linguistics to
criminology. "It's an interesting mix of
students," she says. "I'm always surprised
at the types of people who want to study
the Hebrew Bible."
To effectively decipher Biblical
Hebrew, Hatav says "you just have to
learn--you know, like traffic lights-you
have to learn the signs. And that doesn't
take long. They come here and work with
me the first week or two and master the
alphabet. At the beginning, they feel very
intimidated, scared, and unsure of them-
selves, but within a week they go, 'Oh,
I'm doing it!'"
Deciphering text is one thing.
Speaking Hebrew is an entirely different
matter. "We are not sure how Biblical
Hebrew sounded back then," says Hatav,
who also teaches courses in modem
Hebrew language. "We don't have record-
ings from that time, so we can only guess.
There are many theories about how you
are supposed to read it-what certain let-
ters and symbols mean or how they're
pronounced-and Jews from the different
diasporas would read it completely differ-
ently than people from Arab countries or
people from Israel."
Israel's turbulent political history has
compounded the problem. "After Biblical
times there was an exile when people
stopped speaking Hebrew and spoke

Born in Tunisia, Galia Hatav (above)
was a young girl when her parents
immigrated to Israel. She earned
her BA and MA at Hebrew University
in Jerusalem and her PhD from
Telaviv University. Hatav joined the
UF faculty in 1993.
Aramaic, instead. Then they returned to
Israel and spoke Hebrew again, but there
was another exile where, for about 2,000
years, Hebrew nearly became a dead lan-
guage," says Hatav.
As a result, until just a little over 100
years ago, almost no one spoke Hebrew
except for reading the Torah in the syna-
gogue or conversing with fellow Jews
from other countries. But at the turn of the
20th-century, the long marginalized lan-
guage was revived in Israel. "Now," says
Hatav, "we have fourth and fifth genera-
tions whose mother tongue is Hebrew, so
it has become almost a normal language
again. Of course, this is a new "Israeli"
Hebrew and is as different from Biblical
Hebrew as modem English is from the
language of Chaucer. But in language
there is always change."
Hatav's Hebrew language students

See Hatav, page 9

This month's focus: African and Asian Languages and Literatures

See Musings, page 12

Around the College

Jim Haskins' book The Geography of
Hope: Black Exodus From the South
After Reconstruction (Millbrook Press,
1999) has received an Honor Award 2000
from \i-''',,. Stones, a Multicultural and
Ecological Children's Magazine, in recog-
nition of its contribution to multicultural
and ecological awareness in children's

Roger Thompson presented the work-
shop "Hex and Reflect: Strategy Training
for Vocabulary Development" at the
V Conference on Applied Linguistics:
Psychological Aspects held at the
University of the Americas, Cholula,
Puebla, Mexico, May 19-20.

Jay Gubrium conducted a four-day semi-
nar on forms of qualitative analysis, May
8-11 at Tampere University in Finland.

Geoffrey Giles gave a plenary presenta-
tion in May at a symposium in Berlin on
the continuities and breaks in policies
and in the history of science and scholar-
ship in Germany over the last century.
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
(German Research Council) invited over
one hundred scholars to debate the future
course of research in this area. The sym-
posium took place in the former headquar-
ters of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the
Promotion of Science, which since World
War Two had served as the officers' mess
of the US Army in Berlin. The buildings
have now been restored to the German
scientific successor organization, the Max
Planck Society, and opened as a confer-
ence center this summer.

Tom Emmel won a national prize from
the National Council of Garden Clubs for
his work in conservation.

CLAS Awards Study Abroad Scholarships and
Recognizes International Students
In two separate evenings,
the College recently recognized
the importance of international
study and exchange. On April 18,
in a ceremony organized by the
UF International Center (UFIC),
CLAS awarded $12,500 in schol-
arships to 24 undergraduate stu-
dents who will be studying abroad
n April 1 in theLeft to right: Associate dean of the graduate
this sumen ert or during the upcom- school for academic programs and student
ing academic year. Winners will affairs Ken Gerhardt, Monika Bigler, Maruja
be traveling to Italy (Rome), Torres, and Interim Provost David Colburn at
France (AixenProvene nce and the UF International Students Academic Award
Avignon), Germany (Mannheim) Ceremony.
England (Cambridg e and London), Russia (\Aw ardw), $ Mexico (Merida),
Switzerland, Mali, and Japan (Osaka) to pursue their studies.
On April 19, in the Reitz Union Ballroom, Associate Dean Carol Murphy
presented certificates to 83 international graduate and undergraduates students
in CLAS who were nominated by their departments for outstanding academic
achievement. Provost David Colburn welcomed the students and their fami
lies, and Kenneth Gerhardt, Associate Dean of the Graduate School, was the
invited speaker. One of two Alec Courtelis Awards, a $500 scholarship, was
presented to Monika Bigler, a doctoral student in the counseling program in
the Department of Psychology. The Alec Courtelis Award given annually to
exceptional international graduate and undergraduates by Louise Courtelis in
honor of her late husband, Alec Courtelis, a well-known financier and former
chairman of the Board of Regents.
See for more information on the UF International
Center and Study Abroad Programs.

bre' n ak
** m There'sjno lacelike BilJ


Fields Medalist and Waynflete
Professor Daniel Quillen of
Oxford University deliver-
ing the second Mathematics
Erdis Colloquium on April 10,
2000 at UF.

.- -

*- .-:.

The leading movie
at the box office
for two weeks
last month was
Gladiator. Lewis
review of the
film appeared on
the cover of the
Gainesville Sun's
'Daybreak' section.
"The Roman 'sword
and sandal' movies
of the 1950's and
early 60's are back
with a vengeance,"
he says.


Around the College

2000 Dissertation Fellowship Winners

Every year, CLAS invites students pursuing PhDs to apply for dissertation fel-
lowships for the spring and summer terms. Awardees receive tuition waivers
and $3,150 stipends for one term.

Gerson Dissertation Fellows
Lisa Frank, History
Duk-Young Kim, I ,,.t i,. ,
Ilya Pogorelov, Physics
Audley Reid, Political Science
Alyssa Waters, Psychology

Gibson Dissertation Fellows
John Ashbrook, History
Eva Kort, Philosophy
Charles Parks, Physics
Larissa Baia, Political Science
Francisco Bustamente, Romance
Languages and Literatures
Lara Foley, Sociology

Massey Dissertation Fellows
Alexandra Shapiro, Botany
Nivedita Majumdar, English

McGinty Dissertation Fellows
Susan Warshauer, Anthropology
Elisha Polomski, Astronomy
Heather Milton, English

Nutter Dissertation Fellows
Keith Walters, Chemistry
Amy Vanderbilt, Mathematics

O'Neil Dissertation Fellow
Marixa Lasso, History

McLaughlin Dissertation Fellows
James Conley, Political Science
Vilma Fuentes, Political Science
Jessica Baker, Psychology
Michelle Simmons, Psychology
Carla Edwards, Sociology
Sunghyun Hwang, Sociology
Robert Duncan, Zoology
Carlos ludica, Zoology

Russell Dissertation Fellows
Flordeliz Bugarin, Anthropology
Lauren Jones, Astronomy
Frank Hering, English
Taeil Yi, Mathematics

Threadgill Dissertation Fellows
Joseph McClellan, Chemistry
Bill Hardwig, English
Janet Puhalla, Geography
Douglas Tompson, History
Richard Pietri-Santiago, Physics
Marian Currinder, Political Science

Yardley Dissertation Fellows
Matthew Curtis, Anthropology

Maurice Coffyn Holmes Memorial
Scholarship ($1575)
Maria del Carmen Martinez, English

Women's Studies Art Show

"Mother Earth, I Salute You!" an art
exhibit featuring oil paintings by Sister
Dolorosa Kissaka, is now showing at the
Center for Women's
Studies and Gender
Research, Room 3357
Turlington Hall. Sister
Dolorosa's paintings
will be on display until
August 11, 2000. For
more information call

....................................................... I i I i

Promoted Professors
Effective Fall 2000

Distinguished Professor
Alan G.Agresti, Statistics
David B. Tanner, Physics
Neil D. Opdyke, Geology

Bo A. Gustafson, Astronomy
Daniel R.Talham, Chemistry
Frank Garvan, Mathematics
J. Eric Enholm, Chemistry
J. G. Booth, Statistics
James Boncella, Chemistry
KhandkerA. Muttalib, Physics
Michael Binford, Geography
Peter Schmidt, Anthropology
Philip Williams, Political
Richard Elston, Astronomy
Robert D'Amico, Philosophy
William Marsiglio, Sociology

Associate Professor
Clifford Russell Bowers,
David Foster, Geology
James P. Hobert, Statistics
Jane Douglas, Dial Center for
Written and Oral
Jeffrey L. Krause, Chemistry
Jon Martin, Geology
Jon Sensbach, History
Jon Stewart, Chemistry
Kathryn J. Burns, History
Louise M. Newman, History
Marian Borg, Sociology
Monika Ardelt, Sociology
Philip Boyland, Mathematics
Sidney Dobrin, English
Timothy Olson, Mathematics

Associate Instructor
Brent Nelson, Astronomy
Lynn O'Sickey, Academic

Erik Deumens, Chemistry

Instructional Technology at UF

Provost appoints committee to plan Florida's IT future
From Jack Sabin, CLAS Director of Information Resources & Technological Programs

I'm happy to report that the
provost has decided that
Instructional Technology
(IT) has become such an inte-
gral part of campus life that
the UF IT structure should be
regularized. Consequently, he
has rounded up a committee to
look into how the organization
and execution of IT should be
carried out at UF. The com-
mittee's charge is to: "Provide
an analysis of the current infor-
mation and technology envi-
ronment at UF and generate
recommendations on how IT
services, support, and budgets
should be organized (consistent
with the University's aspira-
tion to join the country's top 10
public institutions in teaching,
research and service)."
The committee is chaired
by vice provost Chuck
Frazier, and includes Paul
Avery (Physics) and me from
CLAS. Additional commit-
tee members include Donna
Johnson (Business), Ed
Poppell (Administrative
Affairs), Eleanore Kantowski

(Education), Fedro Zazueta
(IFAS), Gerhard Ritter
(Engineering), Mike Conlon
(Medical School), and Victor
Yellen (Academic Affairs).
As many of you are
aware, computing support and
administration here at UF are
badly splintered. NERDC and
CIRCA are vaguely University-
wide facilities that academic
folk come into contact with but
which have no apparent con-
nection to one another. Most
of the bigger colleges (CLAS,
IFAS, Medicine, Engineering,
etc.) have their own IT staffs.
There are several administra-
tive units such as the registrar,
finance and accounting, the
libraries, RGP, and the office
of the CIO, that also have their
own IT hubs. While many of
these units perform well, there
is no coherent, long-term plan
for the development of orga-
nized, consistent IT on campus.
Worse, there is no coherent
support for research comput-
ing; faculty members must
pursue their own initiatives and

acquire resources without the
benefit of an extensive infra-
structure that they could lever-
age. As a result, the committee
plans to recommend an IT
structure to the provost which
will facilitate communication,
planning, and the provision of
services to the University fac-
In order to make such
a recommendation, we need
to know what you feel to be
important. I have already got-
ten a small committee, chaired
by Erik Deumens (Chemistry),
to provide me with a report
of their view of the important
components for a campus-wide
IT plan, but, in addition, the
provost's committee needs
input from individual faculty
members. Thus, I invite you
to communicate directly with
Paul Avery and/or me, either
by e-mail edu> , or
in person, to make your views
known. You may also choose
to e-mail the whole commit-
tee at or

Jack Sabin

you can e-mail any individual
member of the committee with
your ideas.
In light of the incredibly
fast pace at which IT is chang-
ing-high-speed network-
ing, wireless, voice-over-IP,
etc. -it is very important that
we include your input in this
planning process, so I urge you
to contact us with your ideas.
The committee's recommenda-
tions will likely be announced
late this summer.k

CLAS recently
hired three new
technical support

Kevin Griffith
Computer Support Analyst
Computer contact for Social
Science departments.

Sherri Tathum
Computer Support Analyst
Computer contact for Mathematics
& Botany departments.

Michael Morgan
Systems Programmer
Maintains Language Learning Lab
& NT Server; Computer contact for
language departments.

Cultivating Non-Western Knowledge

An interview with Haig Der-Houssikian

Haig Der-Houssikian teaches ,,.ii. h and Swahili language in the Department of
African and Asian Language and Literature (AALL). The chair ofAALL for its first nine
years, Der-Houssikian came to UF in January of 1967. He was born in Egypt, where he
was raised speaking four languages.

Cn: Do both your teaching and research
center around the Swahili language?
HD-H: I teach Swahili language in AALL,
and linguistics through the Program in
Linguistics. So I have a leg in both pro-
grams. My research involves the language
Swahili itself, along with other languages
in the sub-Saharan Bantu family of lan-
guages. Swahili attracts graduates and
undergraduates who are interested in East
Africa as well as those who wish to meet
their language requirement, so I work with
a nice variety of people.

Cn: Are there fundamental differences
between Africans' use of language and
the way Americans use language?
HD-H: To answer that I first need to
clarify that our conditions here in the US
are not all that different from the circum-
stances in any given
African country. Our
differences are a mat-
ter of degree. For Maintaining
instance, in many
places, America is a sending this
diverse society. But
you'd be more aware ern] body o
of this in New York is absolutely
City than in, say,
Gainesville. on a modern
However, a
country like Kenya, campus, es
typical of sub-Saharan with UF's a
nations, is much more
diverse than America. for greatne,
The diversity of ethnic
groups and language -Haig
communities is so
great that use of lan-
guage has a qualitative
impact on society. Choice of language
becomes a socio-political factor quickly
and intensely in a place like Kenya. When
you and I speak English to each other,
the only purpose it serves is to commu-
nicate information. As soon as choice of
language serves purposes beyond mere
communication, it immediately becomes a

participant in the socio-political dynamism
of the society.

Cn: Are most people in sub-Saharan
Africa multilingual?
HD-H: Yes, they have to be. A typical
Tanzanian, for example, speaks at least
two or three languages. They speak their
own ethnic language, perhaps the language
of a neighboring ethnic group or two, their
national language-Swahili-and probably
the language of colonial legacy. It's not
typically different from circumstances in
Miami, where proximity and necessity
have made speaking both English and
Spanish a part of life there. If a group
speaking a third language moved there in
large numbers, people in Miami would
surely pick that language up, too.
It's important to know that there are

and repre-


f knowledge

y essential

n American

pecially one



er Houssikian

not "thousands" of lan-
guages in sub-Saharan
Africa, as many people
seem to think. One
reason for this mis-
conception is that
different people have
given different names
to the same languages.
You had missionary
groups and colonial
administrators, for
example, each naming
a language without
consulting one another.
You have dialects of
the same language
which for political rea-
sons assume "separate
language" status. Soon
the impression arises

that there are five or six languages in a
place, when in fact, it's just one.

Cn: How has the department changed
since it was created?
HD-H: The department started in 1982
with three professors: Chauncey Chu,
who teaches Chinese and linguistics and

Haig Der-Houssikian (above) has
been with the Department of African
and Asian Languages and Literature
since it's inception.
is the current acting chair; Tim Vance,
who taught Japanese and linguistics; and
myself. Dr. Vance is no longer at UF.
Now we have 12 full-time faculty
members and five lecturers. And we've
grown so that we thoroughly cover East
Asia, the Middle East, and sub-Saharan
Africa. That's Chinese, Japanese, Hebrew,
Arabic, Yoruba, Swahili, and Akan. And
we hope to add Zulu in the near future.
I'm also pleased that as we've grown,
the department has maintained a balance
between the linguistics and literature; we
have a more or less equal number teaching

Cn: AALL works closely with other CLAS
disciplines, right?
HD-H: Yes. All of our linguists teach-
ers are loaned to the Linguistic Program
for specific courses. Departments from
all over CLAS -Anthropology, English,
Computer Sciences-contribute to the
Linguistics Program. AALL also works
closely with three other programs: the
Center for African Studies, which is con-
sidered one of the three best of its kind in
the nation; the Center for Jewish Studies,
which contributes to our Hebrew element;
and the Asian Studies program, which
nicely complements our East Asian com-

Cn: What is the most noteworthy aspect
of the AALL department?
See Der-Houssikian, page 8

Innovative Student Advising

Glenn Kepic wins national advising award

CLAS academic advisor Glenn
Kepic was named the 2000
Outstanding Advisor of the Year
by the National Academic Advising
Association (NACADA) in ground-
breaking fashion. "Glenn did what no
one else has ever done," says Associate
Dean for Student Affairs and Director of
the University Advising Center Albert
Matheny. "In order to be nominated
for the award, he first had to win the
1999 CLAS Advisor of the Year and
UF Advisor of the Year. Both of these
award committees were made up entirely
of faculty members, and they had never
given the award to a professional advisor
But Kepic's advising career has been
full of firsts and innovations. A frequent
speaker at NACADA's national conven-
tions who will be honored at their next
meeting in October, he is well-known at
UF and within NACADA for his com-
mitted and creative work. One of his
recent initiatives, the Advising Center's
Learning Services Center (LSC), reflects
his energy and vision. "The LSC grew
out of our work with readmission stu-
dents. These students were returning
to UF after having academic difficul-
ties, but there were no specific services
designed to help them get back on the
right track," Kepic explains. He designed
a program of counseling and instructional
services -including workstations with
video and CD-ROM instruction on such
topics as procrastination, note-taking, and

Kepic and Genette Britt (Computer
Engineering) explore the CD-ROMs available
in the Learning Services Center.

test preparation
skills-that all
readmitted CLAS
students now take
part in.
also serves as a
mini-career center.
\\ lthi ut dupli-
cating what the
Career Resource
Center does, we
specifically try to
address concerns
and interests
about liberal arts Glenn Kepic in th
majors," Kepic
says. The career
opportunities data has wide appeal,
and not only to current CLAS students.
"Parents, prospective students, and even
community college counselors who have
questions about where a CLAS major
might lead find this information reassur-
ing," he says.
Among the resources available is
the "Gator's Guide to Exploring Majors
and Careers in CLAS," yet another
resource that Kepic was instrumental in
developing. The guide gives thorough
information on each major in the college,
describes the different models within each
major, and also offers general information
about university policies.
Matheny says he is particularly
impressed that Kepic not only initiated
and designed the learning center, but he
also pursued funding for it. "Glenn goes
the extra mile for the students," says
Matheny. "He really lives the job. In
addition to the LSC, he has helped devel-
op our Web pages and e-mail advising
services, he is our sole liaison with the
1600-student Department of Psychology,
and he works on university-wide commit-
tees for student issues. Glenn was born to
do this work."
Before coming to UF five years ago,
Kepic worked as a student-athlete coun-
selor at his alma-mater, George Mason
University. "I was on the wrestling team
in college, and that experience led me into
counseling. And to be honest, the stu-

e Advising Center's Learning Services Center.

dent-athlete and the typical student face
many of the same issues," says Kepic,
who thinks that his biggest challenge in
working one-on-one with students is get-
ting them to come to terms with issues of
personal responsibility. "I look for ways
to get students to see for themselves that
action or inaction on their part is often
what causes academic problems." Kepic
will lead a pre-conference workshop on
this issue entitled "Can I Petition That?"
at NACADA's upcoming national meet-
"We cover a lot of ground in aca-
demic advising, and we are very lucky to
have great support from Dr. Matheny and
Dean Harrison. They have both been very
enthusiastic supporters of our expanding
services. And I feel fortunate to work
with the other professional advisors and
staff at the advising center, they are ter-
rific," Kepic says.
Responsible for advising 12,000 stu-
dents, the ten full-time CLAS advisors
are currently immersed in PREVIEW,
the freshman orientation program. This
year UF expects a record 6,600 new
students to enter during the Summer B
and Fall terms. Matheny estimates that
the Advising Center's Web site receives
15,000 hits per month and that counsel-
ors see roughly 36,000 walk-in visitors
each year. "I'm so proud of our advisors.
Just seeing students every day would be
enough for most operations like this, but
our center takes pride in doing more."
-John Elderkin

East Asian Studies at UF
T he Department of African and Asian Languages and Literatures offers a BA
in East Asian Languages and Literatures (EALL). Among public institutions
in the southeast region, the major is unique for providing a full four-year
program in both Chinese and Japanese. In addition to advanced language train-
ing as preparation for graduate specialization, the BA includes lecture courses in
the areas of literature, linguistics, film studies, and culture. Library collections in
Chinese and Japanese have been built with a view toward the eventual develop-
ment of graduate-level courses.
Study abroad is also coordinated by the EALL faculty. Students in Chinese
may elect overseas study in Taiwan (National Taiwan University) or the PRC
(Shaanxi Normal University). In Japan, tuition-exchanges are available in Osaka
(Kansai Gaidai University) and Tokyo (Kokugakuin). There are five faculty mem-
bers of professorial rank for the two programs, among whom Cynthia Chennault
and Yumiko Hulvey are both engaged in premodern literary research. Cynthia Chennault (left) and Yumiko Hulvey (right).

Cynthia Chennault
ynthia L. Chennault is an Associate Professor of Chinese
Language and Literature. Her recent research includes a
multigenerational study of an elite lineage of China's medieval
period ("Lofty Gates or Solitary Impoverishment? Xie Family
Members of the Southern Dynasties," T'oung Pao 80: 1-79;
1999), and a book manuscript under review about genres of fifth
century poetry. In fall 1999, Chennault accepted a four year
term as editor of the journal Early Medieval China, which she
describes below:
A question often asked by colleagues outside Asian
Studies is what "medieval" means in the Chinese context.
Chronologically, the period begins with the decline of China's
first great empire, the Han, at the turn of the first millennium
A.D. The end point is usually given as the eighth century of the
Tang dynasty, by which time the civil service examination had
become the regular channel to government office, replacing court
appointments and referrals by regional judges.
There are rough parallels with the Middle Ages in Europe.
Waves of invaders from Central Asia and the northern steppes
("barbarians" in Chinese eyes) eventually forced native rule to
seek refuge below the Yangzi, far from the heartland of clas-

sical civilization. On either side of the river's
divide, political fragmentation marked most of the
medieval era's eight centuries. A consequence was
that locally prominent families assumed functions
normally carried out by the state. The leadership
exercised by this top stratum of endogamous "great
families," in government, as well as in the literary
and cultural spheres, has been likened to the role
of the hereditary nobility in Europe.
But theories about medieval China are con-
tinually evolving. Early Medieval China serves
as a forum for scholars from the P.R.C., Taiwan,


1e 9

Japan, the U.S., and other countries to present new scholarship on
the period. Interdisciplinary collaboration tends to characterize
the new research. The journal was founded in 1994 at Western
Michigan University. Thanks to funding from a private founda-
tion, and support received from CLAS and the Office of Research
and Graduate Programs, the journal will now be not only edited
at UF but also published and distributed from Florida.

Yumiko Hulvey
Yumiko cites her bicultural heritage as the impetus for
choosing to study classical Japanese poetry and prose at
the University of California, Berkeley. "I was inspired to learn
Japanese because I wanted to read my mother's letters, written
in a strong, flowing calligraphic hand. People of both China
and Japan believe that a good hand indicates character and
breeding, so coming from a background in studio art and art
history, I was naturally drawn to the visual aspects of calligra-
Although she teaches modem Japanese language classes,
her specialty centers on masterpieces of the Heian (794-
1185) and Kamakura (1185-1333) periods written in vernacular
Japanese by women who served at the royal court in Ky6to.
During that time, men wrote in the borrowed language of
Chinese, while women tapped the vernacular to produce mas-
terpieces like The Tale of Genji, until the rise of the warrior
class forced women to stay their brushes in the ensuing chaos
of war. But Yumiko was also trained by two of the leading
scholars of war tales, William H. and Helen Craig McCullough,
and offers a course focusing on the tales of samurai warriors
as another aspect of gender research. "I think students need
a solid foundation in premodern Japanese culture, since this
knowledge is critical to the proper interpretation of mod-
ern and postmodern Japan, to say nothing of the language
they spend so much time studying."
She also teaches a class on waka (traditional Japanese
poetry) that is the key to male-female relations in the
premodern period, since poetry was the medium through
which courtship rituals were conducted and was the only
time during which both men and women wrote simultane-
ously in the vernacular. As such, poetry is the language of
Love in premodern Japan.
Currently, Yumiko is completing revisions to her transla-
tion and study of a thirteenth-century poetic memoir written by
a woman known as Ben no Naishi, who served the 89th sov-
ereign Go-Fukakusa, forthcoming from the Comell East Asia
Series press. She is also working on a volume of translations,
The Old Woman Who Eats Flowers and Other Stories by Enchi
Fumiko (1905-86), that is being considered for publication as
part of a series, Japanese Women Writing, by M.E. Sharpe, Inc.

CLAS Background Aids Medical Careers

Tampa-born physician endows pre-med scholarships
W hen Tampa native Peter Sones first created a scholarship for pre-med students at
the University of Florida, he wanted the award to reflect his belief that a liberal
education provides an important broadening experience for those pursuing a
career in medicine.
The retired Atlanta radiologist's recent addition to the Peter J. Sones Scholarship does
exactly that by annually giving $1000 for up to three UF pre-med students who maintain a
3.8 GPA while majoring in one of the liberal arts.
Sones attended Emory for both undergraduate and medical schools. While in college,
he struggled to choose a major until a counselor gave him what he calls some of the best
advice he ever received. \ ly academic advisor suggested I develop my non-science inter-
ests," Sones explains, "so I chose to pursue a degree in political science." He now credits
this decision with making him a better doctor. "Having a good foundation in liberal arts
gives a doctor other ways of understanding people," he says. "Frankly, my knowledge of
political science helps me relate to what goes on in my patients' lives."
Sones' interests extend to numerous fields, including aviation. He is a former president
and current board member of the Flying Physicians Association. "I flew T-33s and T-34s
in the Air Force in the 1960s and I've been flying ever since. I now pilot a Piper CheyenneDr. Peter ones
all over the country," he says.
Sones initiated the Sones fund in 1996, after the death of his mother. Eleanor Dyson Sones was a long-time Florida resident
and Sones wanted to give family and friends a worthwhile place to make gifts in her honor. "I contacted Carter Boydstun and
Dean Harrison with a cold-call about setting up a scholarship fund, and working with the University has been an absolute pleasure
ever since."
"Peter Sones' own career serves as a ready example that the highly quantitative fields of medicine and science are comple-
mented and made more human by an appreciation for the liberal arts," says Dean Harrison. "Through the Sones Scholarships he is
encouraging other students to follow this path."
Senior Heather Davis, a 1999-2000 Sones Scholar who is majoring in French while taking pre-med courses, agrees with the
rationale behind the award. "I think my liberal arts background will be invaluable in the medical field," she says. "I think the key
to being a successful doctor is being able to treat each patient as unique. The French major is not only about language; it's about
people. Studying French has taught me to respect and admire other cultures and peoples."
Sones' donation is part of UF's "It's the Performance That Counts" fundraising campaign. As of June 1, the campaign has
raised $710 million of its $750 million goal.%
-John Elderkin

Der-Houssikian, continued from page 5

HD-H: We are the only department on campus that is totally
devoted to non-western languages and cultures. Other depart-
ments have non-western scholars, but we are UF's repository
for non-western knowledge and traditions. Maintaining and
representing this body of knowledge is absolutely essential on a
modern American campus, especially one with UF's aspirations
for greatness. We have been very fortunate to have the college's
full support on this point.
Within this context, I think it's fair to say that our depart-
ment is also unique in the unmatched attention we give our
students. The number of students fluctuates somewhat with the
amount of media attention our regions receive, but our languages
will never draw the number of students that Spanish and French
get. However, I'm confident that even if we can't play the quan-
tity game, we can match anyone in the quality game.

Cn: Describe your current work.
HD-H: I'm working on two major projects. I want to put out a
book on the structure of Swahili that could be used by either the
learners of the language or by people interested in its structure.
I'm also working on a project that I hope will result in a book
called The Sociology of Language in Africa. This deals with the
whole of language and the dynamics of African society-though
I'll be dealing with the six or seven countries where I have pro-
fessional and intimate knowledge. This project is nice because
it's grown out of a course I teach called "Language and Society."
For the last few years almost everything I've done contributes to
one of these two projects. My work is in harmony; each aspect
supports the others.%
-John Elderkin

AALL Staff

Rosie Hall (left), Office Manager,
and Jeanette Flander (right), Senior
Secretary, run the main office of the
Department of African and Asian
Languages and Literatures in Grinter

Hatav, continued from page 1

are fairly easy to categorize. Many take
Beginning Modem Hebrew to fulfill the
language requirement. But why Hebrew
instead of, say, Spanish? "Because they
are Jewish," says Hatav, "or because their
parents are Israeli and
want them to study
Hebrew, or maybe
because they think
it will be easy since This was j
they took it in Sunday derful bece
School. They're also
interested in the lan- know anytl
guage because they're Chri ni
interested in Israel and Chrisianity
the culture-they've are suppose
traveled to Israel or
lived in a kibbutz." from their
Alternatively, her s
Biblical Hebrew course Shouldn't g
attracts Jewish Studies you know!'
students as well as non-
Jewish students inter-
ested in other cultures
and other religions,
especially Christianity.
Many want to learn
more about the Hebrew Bible, since it
is a holy book for three major religions:
Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Hatav
says the mixture is wonderful. "These
are the best students ever because they
are really interested, they don't need the

course, and they work hard and are usu-
ally very good students."
Often, says Hatav, such students
have provided her with new insight into
the text. For example, one of Hatav's

iust won-

use I don't

thing about

. Professors

;ed to learn


'o one way

-Galia Hatav

Biblical Hebrew stu-
dents wrote a paper dis-
cussing how Christians
interpret parts of the
Hebrew Bible differ-
ently than Jews. "This
was just wonder-
ful because I don't
know anything about
Christianity. Professors
are supposed to learn
from their students-it
shouldn't go one way
you know!" says Hatav.
"She showed me all
kinds of things that
Christians find in the
Hebrew Bible, like
they believe that Jesus
was announced there
already; of course the
Jews don't believe that.

It was quite interesting."
The same student compared the
Mishnai (Jewish secular law) with
American Secular law. "She was a
criminology major so she took an
American law course," explains Hatav.

"She showed that though the words and
examples are different, the cultures' legal
boundaries are quite similar. In modem
law you get a lot of rigid language: 'If
a person finds an article not belonging
to him/her, s/he should...' In this very
boring way," says Hatav. "The Mishna,
however, may say the same thing in story
form: 'Two people were riding a camel
and one of the saw a golden book in the
sand...' It give you situations which are
like case studies, and now in modem
times we can substitute a cell phone for
a book, for example." It's all interpreta-
tion, but we have to do that with modem
law, too-it's the same," she says.
"After all," Hatav concludes, "Life
is a lot richer than the rules we make for
-Jane Gibson

Each summer, Hatav travels to Tel Aviv to
research, write and work with linguists and
Hebrew colleagues there. "In my classes I
teach culture along with the language, but
I'm a pure linguist in my research," she
explains. In a current paper, which Hatav
says came out of her work with CLAS
AALL colleague Muhammad Muhammad
(Arabic), she compares Hebrew with
Arabic to demonstrate similar linguistical


(through the Division of Sponsored Research)

April 2000 Total: $2,525,877

Investigator Dept Agency

Corporate ....................... $146,709
Katritzky, A. CHE Dow Chemical Company
Katritzky, A. CHE Multiple Companies
Katritzky, A. CHE Multiple Companies
Katritzky, A. CHE Multiple Companies
Schanze, K. CHE Am Chemical Society
Wagener, K. CHE Medtronic Inc

Monkhorst, H. PHY Tri Alpha Energy Inc
Scicchitano, M. POL Agricultrl Labor Program Inc
Scicchitano, M. POL West Coast Inland Navig Dist

Federal ............................ $2,008,349
Gustafson, B. AST US Navy
Hamann, E AST NASA
Duran, R. CHE NSF

Scott, M.
Kennedy, R.
Ohr, Y.
Richardson, D.
Tan, W
Winefordner, J.
Wright, D.
Binford, M.
Gholz, H.
Malecki, E.
Corney, F
Dranishnikov, A.
Hager, W
Davis, T.
Zapletal, J.
Stanton, C.

Sullivan, N.
Blackband, S.
Hackenberg, T.
Rowland, N.
Stehouwer, D.
Tucker, C.
Fennell, R.
Agresti, A.
Kepner, J.
Shuster, J.
Chapman, C.

Chapman, C.

CHE Am Cancer Society









Foundation ..................... $271,427
Burns, A. ANT UF Foundation
Dermott, S. AST UF Foundation
Vala, M. CHE Mellon Foundation
Clark, I. ENG UF Foundation
Mcmahon, R. HIS UF Foundation
Townsend, M. MAT Mellon Foundation
Thiele, L. POL UF Foundation
Branch, M. PSY UF Foundation
Nichols, G. RLL UF Foundation
Radelet, M. SOC UF Foundation
Brockmann, J. ZOO UF Foundation

Award Title

2,500 Dowelanco compounds agreement.
4,682 Software research support.
5,000 Miles compound contract.
23,532 Miles compound contract.
1,226 ACS editorialship.
70,000 Metathesis and metathesis-associated technologies as they relate to the synthesis application
of branched telechelic.
26,000 Support for the research and development of the colliding beam fusion reactor.
5,500 Community needs assessment.
8,269 Boat-use characterization study for Charlotte Harbor, Florida.

25,628 Cosmic dust research.
37,652 The ultra-high velocity (56,000 km/s) absorber in the QSO.
47,000 An REU in chemistry at the University of Florida.

185,284 In vivo chemical monitoring using capillary separations.
20,000 Election nuclear dynamics of molecular energy transfer.
85,000 Catalytic oxidation of mustard simulants in basic solution.
217,275 Glutamate bioanalysis; precise determination of glutamate with high sensitivity.
336,813 New approach for biomedical imaging.
49,628 Studies on inhibitors of phosphatidyl inositol-3-kinase.
22,581 Land-use land-cover change: decadal-scale dynamics of land ownership land management
carbon storage patterns.
121,752 The infrastructure of the internet: telecommunications facilities and uneven access.
30,000 Writing October: memory and the making of the October Revolution.
23,843 Asymptotic topology of metric spaces.
17,750 Innovative sparse matrix algorithms.

61,431 Large cardinals and the methodology of mathematics.
83,000 The ultrafast dynamics of coherent and incoherent electrons and phonons in condensed
matter systems.
224,385 Magnetic resonance imaging user facility.

209,780 Quantification of species differences in adaptive choice.
43,034 Psychobiology summer research for undergraduates.

21,845 Unrestricted donation.

35,823 Statistical inference for sparse categorical data.
28,003 Molecular markers of prognosis in medulloblastoma.

3,000 Determinants of colobine abundance: implications for theory and conservation research
experience supplement.
77,842 Determinants of colobine abundance: implications for theory and conservation.

6,356 Dissertation fellowships.
3,178 Dissertation fellowships.
143,941 Proposal for the cost effective uses of technology in teaching.
4,753 Dissertation fellowships.
9,534 Dissertation fellowships.
78,241 Proposal for the cost effective uses of technology in teaching.
9,534 Dissertation fellowships.
3,178 Dissertation fellowships.
3,178 Dissertation fellowships.
6,356 Dissertation fellowships.
3,178 Dissertation fellowships.

Miscellaneous......... $99,392
Falsetti, A. ANT Miscellaneous Donors 24,000 Unrestricted donation.
Lieberman, L. ANT Fl Clinical Practice Assn 3,750 Center for Research on Women's Health.
Bowes, G. BOT William L. Stern 1,000 Miscellaneous donors.
Eyler, J. CHE UF Foundation 3,178 Unrestricted donation, dissertation fellowships.
Kennedy, R. CHE Marine Biological Laboratory 2,500 Work performed by Dr. Sung-Kwong Lung per agreement with the agency.
Mossa, J. GEOG St Johns River Water Mgmt Dist 35,000 For determination, design, and collection of golf course water use data and data
collection assistance.
Mossa, J. GEOG St Johns River Water Mgmt Dist 25,000 Interagency agreement for collection, verification, and mapping the public water supply
Mueller, P GEOL Miscellaneous Donors 1,400 Unrestricted donation multiple sources.
Craig, S. POL American Univ 2,000 Improving campaign conduct.
Brockmann, J. ZOO Miscellaneous Donors 1,200 Unrestricted donation.

Book Beat

Recent publications from CLAS faculty

Political Participation in the United States
M. Margaret Conway (Political Science)
CQ Press

(from cover)
Who takes part in American politics, and in what types of political action do people engage? This new third
edition of Political Participation in the United States examines these important questions and offers explana-
tions for the patterns of political participation found in American public life. The book analyzes symbolic and
instrumental forms of participation, from the simple act of saluting the flag to the more demanding action of
running for office. In addition, it examines who the participants are, what forms of participation they choose,
and what they hope to accomplish through their actions.

Il I

The news media have a direct impact on one form of political participation-voter turnout. Citizens' percep-
tions and attitudes, and ultimately their decisions about whether to vote and for whom, can be influenced by the campaign coverage
in news broadcasts, candidate-sponsored (and-financed) advertisements, and television programs devoted to debates among candi-
dates or public forums. The media also affect turnout by predicting election outcomes before and on election day

Cailla~ie and i Liafniatlve cra chs&

Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches
H. Russell Bernard (Anthropology)

(from cover)
At last a social research methods text for students and future researchers who will need to use both words
and numbers in their research. Using actual examples from psychology, sociology, anthropology, health,
and education, the book provides readers with both a conceptual understanding of each technique as well
as showing them how to use the technique.

H Russell Bernard (excerpt)
I want you to know, right off the bat, that social science is serious business and that it has been a roaring
success, contributing mightily to humanity's global effort to control nature. Fundamental breakthroughs by
psychologists in understanding the stimulus-response mechanism in humans, for example, have made pos-
sible the treatment and management of phobias, bringing comfort to untold millions of people.
The same breakthroughs have brought us wildly successful attack ads in politics and millions of adolescents becoming hooked on
cigarettes from clever advertising. I never said you'd like all the successes of social science.

Justice in Africa: Rwanda's Genocide, Its Courts,
and the UN Criminal Tribunal
Paul J. Magnarella (Anthropology)

(from cover)
Justice in Africa describes the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) the first
international court created to try persons for genocide and violation of the humanitarian law of non-interna-
tional armed conflict. The book begins with an explanation of the causes of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.
It then discusses the UN Security Council's creation of the ICTR and the Tribunal's organization, functioning,
accomplishments and shortcomings. The author explains how the Tribunal has gained custody over sus-
pects who had fled to other countries in Africa, Europe and the United States. Justice in Africa analyzes the
ICTR's first several cases and describes the unique contributions the Tribunal is making to the expansion of
humanitarian law.

In short, the sine qua non of the Rwandan genocide was the increasing imbalance in land, food, and people that led to malnutri-
tion, hunger, periodic famine, and fierce competition for land to farm. Rwanda's leaders chose to respond to these conditions by
eliminating the Tutsi portion of the population. They employed the weapons of indoctrination to convince the Hutu masses that this
strategy was right. However, they failed to employ the kinds of demographic and economic policies that would have addressed these
problems in a peaceful and more effective way These policies would have included birth control, economic diversification into non-
agrarian sectors, requests for significant foreign food aid, sincere negotiation with the RPF and attempts at a regional solution to the
refugee problem.


Musings, continued from page 1

and inform students about the opportuni-
ties and personal gratification that teach-
ing can bring. Interested students will
be given a venue to meet and interact
with others with similar interests. We
also hope that the combined efforts of the
two colleges will add additional prestige
to the program. By emphasizing the
importance and significance of teaching,
faculty and advisors should attract more
This venture has been led with high
energy by Associate Dean Carol Murphy
in CLAS and by Education's Ben Nelms,
who also happens to be the new Interim
Dean of the college. Carol and Ben
have received strong support from other
faculty, which will be required for this
program to succeed. To celebrate the
new program, a reception was held a
few weeks back in the Keene Faculty
Center where participants and support-
ers of the program gathered to celebrate
what they have brought to fruition. I
was impressed by discussions there with
many faculty who obviously believe
strongly in making this work.
That it will succeed is not a sure
thing. This is surely not the first time
that Education and Arts & Sciences pro-
grams have come together, and no grand
success record is out there. Inter-college
programs require constant oversight and
an abundance of good will on both sides.
There is, however, good reason to believe
that both these criteria may be met this
time. Given the great needs in our public
schools, failure should not be an option.
And no matter how successful, inno-
vative academic training alone cannot
solve the teaching crisis in our public
schools. We can attempt to draw the
best and most dedicated students into the
profession, but until we decide to reward
teachers in a manner more closely related
to their critical importance in society, our
hopes for education enhancement will
not be realized.
Some very good people in CLAS
and Education are going to do their best
to make a difference in delivering a high
quality student product to our schools.
If you wish to help, call Dean Murphy.
Pathways to Teaching is well worth our
best effort.

Will Harrison,

A Note From the Chair

Chauncey C. Chu, Acting Chair
African and Asian
Languages and Literatures

T he Department of African and Asian Languages
and Literatures (AALL) at UF is composed of
a diverse group of faculty, whose interests vary
geographically from East Asia (Japanese and Chinese)
through the Middle East (Arabic and Hebrew) to Africa
(Swahili, Akan and Yoruba) and whose expertise extends
from modem languages and linguistics to medieval and
ancient literature and cultures. They are, however, unit-
ed by a common goal-to impart true knowledge of the
non-Western world in this global village.
While language-teaching is one of the basic mis-
sions of the Department, languages are not taught as mere skills without any cultural back-
ground. Very often, after a student has taken the first semester of the beginning language
class, he/she goes on to related courses in the curriculum. Those latter courses in the
Department don't just consist of the traditional literature and cultures, but they also exam-

As the only teach-

ing unit completely

devoted to non-

Western civilization,

AALL is trying to

tip the scale of an

otherwise heavily-

biased Western edu-

cation at UF.

ie more modem aspects of non-Western life. For
example, studies of African, Japanese and Chinese
films have proven to be very popular subjects among
undergraduates. More recently, courses in business
Chinese and Japanese have been added to the cur-
riculum in cooperation with the College of Business
One important aspect of our mission in non-
Western education is achieved by our study-abroad
programs. For virtually every language taught in our
Department, there is a study-abroad program to gain
first-hand experiences in the target language and cul-
ture. Our students are sent to China and Taiwan for
Mandarin Chinese, to Japan for Japanese, to Israel
for Hebrew, to Morocco for Arabic and to Tanzania
for Swahili. The stay in the foreign culture varies
from a summer or semester to a year or two. While
studying abroad is not required because of the high
costs involved in some programs, it is highly encour-
aged, and most of our majors spend at least a summer
or a semester abroad. Some of them go back there to
pursue their career dreams.

On the basis of its undergraduate major and non-major programs, AALL is planning
to expand into the offering of a Master's degree in the near future. At present, many of its
faculty participate in other graduate programs,
and all faculty conduct research projects in
their own fields. In this respect, they have UNIVERSITY OF
been reasonably successful in attracting exter- FLO R ID A
nal grants despite the fact that research support
in humanities is hard to come by. Just as their CLASnotes is published monthly by the College
students, the faculty often spend their research of Liberal Arts and Sciences to inform faculty
time abroad and their productivity has been and staff of current research and events.
quite visible.
Dean: Will Harrison
As the only teaching unit completely Dean: l. J Harrison
Editor: M. Jane Gibson
devoted to non-Western civilization, AALL is Contr Editor: John Elderkin
trying to tip the scale of an otherwise heav- Graphics: Jane Dominguez
ily-biased Western education at UF. I believe Copy Editor: Bill Hardwig
we are doing something truly meaningful for
the UF community and the humanities profes-
sion. --