Around the college
 New faculty
 Grants awarded through Division...
 Book beat
 A note from the chair


CLAS notes
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073682/00134
 Material Information
Title: CLAS notes the monthly news publication of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- College of Arts and Sciences
Publisher: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: November 1999
Frequency: monthly
Subjects / Keywords: Education, humanistic -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
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serial   ( sobekcm )
General Note: Subtitle varies; some numbers issued without subtitle.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 11 (Nov. 1988); title from caption.
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001806880
oclc - 28575488
notis - AJN0714
lccn - sn 93026902
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Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Around the college
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    New faculty
        Page 9
    Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
        Page 10
    Book beat
        Page 11
    A note from the chair
        Page 12
Full Text

November 1999


Sometime in the future a history
will be written about the University of
Florida, at which time the Lombardi
years will be given a certain perspec-
tive. It's much too early now. JVL was
too strong a character, and the memo-
ries are too intense for any detached
evaluation at this time. Only the foolish
would try. Such as a dean who served
during all of Lombardi's term.
As anyone knows who met Lombardi
for five minutes, he was a mercurial,
charismatic leader. His style was not
for everyone, but the vast majority saw
in him a passionate, tireless advocate
for UF, a president who did not cotton
to those whose vision of UF was less
demanding than his own. And his time
in office brought indisputable proof of
his success. This university has moved
far beyond the UF of 1990, increas-
ing its academic reputation, its public
and private funding, and its output of
superbly educated students. For this,
Lombardi has to be given due credit.
Presidents don't do all this by them-
selves, but they make it possible for
The Lombardi years were full of
excitement, enthusiasm, and opti-
mism, coupled with no small measure
of controversy. The train was always
pulling out of the station, heading for
the next destination, and those who
tarried were lucky to catch on to the
caboose. For example, with very short
notice, he broke the news about his
universal computer mandate for stu-
dents, to which colleges had to respond.
We said, "No way, too soon, gotta be
kidding." He said, "Do it."-So, of
course, we did it, as he knew we would.
It was the Lombardi way.
He also applied business principles to
the operation of the academic enter-
prise, which many said was not pos-
sible, and it was certainly not easy. But
easy was not JVL's style. If he believed
in something, it was full steam ahead
and damn the torpedoes. And when he
See Musings, page 12


Vol. 13 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences No. 11

Interviewing Vampires
Historian Luise White's new book examines the social and
political significance of African vampire stories

conducting an interview with a
vampire might sound like pure
Hollywood, but it's all in a day's
work for Luise White. A professor of Afri-
can history, White conducted field research
on vampirism in Africa for her new book
Speaking With Vampires: Rumor and His-
tory in East and Central Africa (Studies on
the History of Society and Culture), which
will be published by the University of Cali-
fornia Press early next year.
White first encountered African vampire
stories while writing a book on prostitution
in Nairobi, Kenya. Interested in writing
a history using rumors, she began collect-
ing vampire stories in Kenya, Zambia,
and Uganda, and examining records in
Congo and Tanzania. "I wanted to see how
Africans' fears and fantasies about colonial
rule could be used to describe wider social
and historical processes," she says.
Although African vampire stories have
evolved to fit changing times and differ-
ing locales, the shape of the stories is the
same-someone or iullnl.io/"i. takes blood
against a person's will and leaves that
person for dead. And according to White,
the stories often function as descriptions
of abuses of power and authority. During
the colonial era, for example, whites were
said to employ Africans to bring them
blood. A more recent twist in vampire lore
posits that vampires steal blood for re-sale
to wealthy nations and individuals on the
international black market.
The meaning of blood and its im-
portance in the body plays a crucial role
in vampire stories. "[Long ago], many
societies told stories about bad people who
consume flesh or drink blood," White says.
"Back then, for peoples without a concept
of circulation, the idea of sucking blood
might have been gross, but it didn't carry
notions of fatality." Some Africans still
interpret vampire reports in terms of these

Luise White, History
older ideas. "In fact," says White, "most
of the people that I'm writing about use
blood as a way to talk about other impor-
tant fluids... sexual fluids and those body
functions you don't talk about in polite
But Africans comprehend and employ
vampire stories in more than one way. In
addition to incorporating the old ideas,
present-day accounts of vampirism-like
Count Dracula tales familiar to Ameri-
cans- also reflect contemporary ideas and
concerns about the body, including the
circulation of blood. "Here, vampires are
a symbol of evil, a separate race that feeds
on the blood of others, with modern no-
tions of blood (coming out of 17h and 18th
century advances in science) factored in,"
says White. "So these stories straddle the
realms of the supernatural and the scien-
Unlike Dracula, however, contempo-
rary African vampires are not imagined as
See Vampires, page 6

This month's focus: History

Around the College


Anita Spring was invited to Georgetown University to discuss
entrepreneurial activities in Africa, April 9, 1999. She traveled
to the University of Wageninen, the Netherlands, April 16-19 to
participate in the founding of the International Consortium on
Gender, Agriculture and Rural Development (IGARD).

African and Asian Languages and Literatures
During Chauncey C. Chu's sabbatical leave (1998-1999), he de-
livered invited keynote lectures at the 1998 Annual Research Fo-
rum of the Hong Kong Linguistic Society. He also gave lectures
at eight academic institutions in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and China.
He was an invited lecturer at a summer institute of linguistics
at Heilongjinag University, China, where he was conferred an
honorary visiting professorship.

Joseph S. Davis presented a paper entitled "The brine biological
system and its management in the seasonal solar saltworks" at
the Sixth International Conference on Environmental Science and
Technology, in Samos, Greece held August 30 to September 2.
At the post conference symposium, he presented an invited paper
"Solar saltworks, an environmentally friendly industry."

On September 9, William Louis Stern presented an invited
lecture in London before members of the Linnean Society on the
anatomy, systematics, and relationships of the vanilla orchid tribe
entitled "Anatomical Contributions to Vanilleae." The paper was
read in the same lecture theater where in 1858 Charles Darwin
and Alfred Russel Wallace gave their views of natural selection
and the origin of species in plants and animals.

William Logan's poem "Dear DD" appeared in the October 4
issue of the New Yorker.

Chris Snodgrass presented a paper "Representing Salome in
the So-Called Decadence" to open an Arts of the British 1890s
conference held in Washington, DC in September and sponsored
by the Freer Gallery of Art, the Smithsonian Institution, the
Georgetown University English Department, the William Morris
Society, and the National Gallery of Art.

Roger M. Thompson attended the 12th World Congress of
Applied Linguistics AILA 99 in Tokyo, Japan (August 1-6) and
presented the paper "Basketball Taglish: The Informalization of
Filipino English."

In September, Edward J. Malecki was an invited participant
in the International Symposium on Knowledge, Education and
Space, held in Heidelberg, Germany. He presented a paper en-
titled "Knowledge and Regional Competitiveness."

Physics Gives Luncheon in
Honor of Former Chair

On October 21, the Phys-
ics Department honored
CLAS Associate Dean of
Research Neil Sullivan
(above center) with a lun-
cheon to commemorate his
term as chair of the depart-
ment (1989-1999). Fac-
ulty, staff, retired faculty,
students and researchers
attended the sit-down af-
fair, along with Dean Harrison and (pictured above)
President Lombardi and Provost Capaldi.

Bob Hatch presented an invited paper, "Teaching & Learning
& the Web: Real, Possible & Alternative Worlds," at the Fourth
Biennial History of Astronomy Conference (University of Notre
Dame, July). Last March his website received special recogni-
tion from the History of Science Society ers/rhatch/>.

In July, Krishnaswami Alladi, Jane Larson, William Mitch-
ell, and Andy Vince participated and gave invited talks at a
conference in memory of Paul Erdos held at the Hungarian
Academy of Sciences in Budapest. The late Paul Erdos, a
legend of twentieth century mathematics, was a regular visitor
to UF and collaborated with many members of the mathematics

Robert Baum gave the keynote address, "Getting Down to
REAL Cases: The Devil is in the Details," at the National
Conference on Philosophical Issues in Ethics Across the Cur-
riculum in Rochester, New York, in October. The Conference is
sponsored by the Fund for the Improvement of Post-secondary

Around the College

Workshop on Cultural Preservation Focuses
on Computer and Video Programs
Allan Burns
(Anthropology) was
invited by the Crow
Tribe of Crow Agency,
Montana to conduct a
workshop on cultural
preservation, especial-
ly through the devel-
opment of computer
and video programs.
The workshop was
held at Little Bighorn
College of the Crow Allan Burns (foreground) and members
Tribe. Projects during of the Crow and Lakota tribes work on a
the workshop included cultural preservation video.
a documentary about
the Indian perspective on Custer's last stand, a video on intertribal
trade, and a project on Crow migration history. The workshop
was sponsored by the Crow Tribe and the National Park Service.

Anthropologist Elected AAAS Fellow
In October, CLAS anthropologist John Moore was named an
American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow.
Moore is an expert on the kinship and demography of hunting
Sand gathering societies and is currently chair of
the North American Committee of the Human

Since 1874, the AAAS Council has annually
elected new members whose "efforts on behalf of
the advancement of science or its applications are
scientifically or socially distinguished." Moore,
who was elected for "distinguished contributions
to the field of ethnology and the explication of fundamental pro-
cesses of ethnologists," will travel to Washington, DC in February
to be presented with a certificate and rosette at the Association's
Annual Meeting.

Sigma Delta Pi Reception

Celebrating its 50th anniversary this year, Romance
Languages and Literatures' Beta Rho chapter of the
Hispanic Honor Society Sigma Delta Pi held its fall
initiation on October 13.
Beta Rho members (left to 1,. I, Lisa Ward, Meze-
da Meze, Jennifer Volmar, Elinor Marsalisi, Jennifer
Carvalho, Jennifer Kraham, Charlotte Arana. Not
pictured: Diana Serrano.

Seahorse Marine Laboratory Christens
New Research Vessel
On Saturday,
October 9, The
Seahorse Key
Marine Laboratory,
directed by zoology
professor Harvey
Lillywhite, held a
special ceremony
to christen its new
research vessel, the
R/V Discovery, a
42-foot custom-built
Newton dive boat Seahorse Key director Harvey
equipped with navi- Lillywhite (Zoology, left) and Frank
national electron- J. Mature (Seahorse director from
ics. Among other 1970-98) prepare to christen the
things, the craft will RN Discovery.
be used for various
collecting procedures (trawling, dredging, seining), for
on-board instruction or research, public education, and
for diving and access to offshore sites and coastal rivers.
R/V Discovery can transport more people (about 30) in
a greater range of weather conditions than the Marine
Laboratory's older, smaller boats.

Guests arriving at Seahorse Key (from Cedar Key) aboard
the lab's new research vessel. Over 80 people attended
the christening celebration, including faculty, staff, stu-
dents, donors and city officials.

Study Abroad with CLAS

International Studies programs continue to thrive
Carol Murphy, Associate Dean of Academic Affairs

This past summer CLAS students and faculty participated in a
record number of CLAS-sponsored UF programs in France,
Italy, Greece, Germany, Holland, Russia, England, Morocco,
Israel, Mexico, Brazil, and China. Profiles of some of the study
abroad ventures follow.
The UF in Provence program, in its first year, brought 44 students
to France from June 13-July 23. They were accompanied by Sylvie
Blum, George Diller, Susan Read Baker and Carol Murphy (RLL)
and took an array of multi-disciplinary courses in French at Avignon
and in both French and English at Aix-en-Provence. Students lived
with host families and participated in several excursions which in-
cluded visits to many sites on the French Riviera as well as historical
and archaeological sites in the south of France. Program Director
Gayle Zachmann (RLL) looks forward to another very successful
program next summer.
Thirty-six students from UF, representing each of the colleges of the
University, studied on the CLAS/CFA Rome Program. Co-directed
by Michael Paden (RLL) and Barbara Barletta (CFA), they were
joined by Gerald Murray (ANT) and Gianfranco Balestriere (RLL).
Students took courses in Italian, anthropology of
religion, or Etruscan and Roman art history. Classes
were supplemented with field trips to Florence and
Pompeii and a number of on-site lectures at museums,
churches and synagogues.
The students were housed in
a two-star hotel in the heart of
ancient Rome, a five-minute
walk to the Pantheon. Prepa-
rations are underway for next
year's program, which coin-
cides with the Catholic Church's Anthropology g
designation of the Holy Year, a terberger with
pilgrimage initiated by Boniface Orozco de Tuy
VIII in 1300 and now held every 25 interestingly, ta
lan Burns to sp
years. students each
During Summer B, 17 CLAS stu- in their home i
dents spent six weeks in Mannheim,
Germany, taking both beginning and intermediate
German language and culture courses. Students
were assigned German conversation partners
from the University of Mannheim, with whom
they met twice a week to introduce them to the
local culture and improve their linguistic abili-
ties. Also, the students enjoyed a cruise on
the Rhine, excursions to Bonn, to nearby
Heidelberg, and to Speyer. One of the
highlights of the program, according to Pro-
gram Director Chris Overstreet (GSS), was a
four-day stay in the exciting new capitol of
reunited Germany: Berlin.
Now in its 19th year, the highly success-

I t

ful Rio program
attracted 24 students o
for six-weeks of
Portuguese language
study at the IBEU
Language Institute in
Rio de Janeiro, Bra-
zil. Students were
hosted by local fami-
lies and participated
in excursions to local
historical, cultural
and geographical Students on the CLAS/CFA summer Rome
sites, like Sugar Loaf program pictured in the beautiful Piazza San
Mountain. Co-direc- Pietro.
tors Charles Perrone and Elizabeth Ginway (RLL) look forward to
recruiting for next summer's program.
During the 1998-1999 academic year, more than a dozen UF students
studied at Israeli universities in Jerusalem, Haifa, Tel Aviv and Beer-
sheva. The new Director of Jewish
S. nt Studies, Kenneth Wald, is actively in-
volved in promoting 2000-2001 study
abroad for one year, one semester or
the summer.
The Merida program is a 15-year old
Th program that attracted 30 students
to the Universidad Autonoma de
Yucatan this past summer. Students
had the choice of a course in Tropi-
cal Ecology, with Mark Brenner of
aduate student Alayne Un- Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, or
ias Tuyub (left) and Seferina a course in Anthropology of the
b (center). The Tuyubs (who, Yucatan with Allan Burns, chair of
ght CLAS Anthropology chair Al- UF's Anthropology Department. All
k Maya 30 years ago) host UF students also studied Spanish at the
summer for a Mayan food picnic
:he village of Ticul, Yucatan. beginning, intermediate or advanced
levels. The UF program is integrated
with the local culture; faculty from the Universidad make frequent
guest lecture appearances in the UF courses, and students are hosted
by local families. Students spend two or three days in local villages
or different ecological zones.
The Utrecht program (July 5 August 13) attracted 17 UF students,
one of whom was a University Scholar researching minorities in the
Netherlands and Germany. The program, directed by Sharon DiFino
(GSS), covered European and Dutch cultures. In addition to a three-
day trip to Antwerp and Brussels, UF participants took Friday field
trips with a group of 60 other international students to various loca-
tions including their favorite, den Haag (Hague).
The application deadline for these and other Summer 2000 UF Study
Abroad Programs is March 1. Please have interested students contact
the UF International Center, 123 Grinter Hall. l

NOTE: Because many faculty have expressed interest in joining study abroad t i. i. i,. this spring a full issue of CLAS-
notes will be devoted to presenting the varied international opportunities for faculty ;, ....1. 1 CLAS and UF

Bones of Contention

Historian Maria Todorova employs unusual case study to explore the mechanisms
of hero worship, nationalism and the processes and politics of historical memory

V asil Levski is no ordinary histori-
cal figure. Revered by Christian
and atheist, left and right alike,
he is the only uncontested national hero
of Bulgaria, and his story is chock full of
conflict and intrigue. Perfect for a novel or
biography. Or, in historian Maria Todo-
rova's case, a theoretical inquiry. As the
center of Todorova's new project, Bones
of Contention: the Making of a National
Hero, Levski provides the CLAS professor
a focal point around which to examine the
mechanisms of hero worship, nationalism,
and the processes and politics of historical
Levski (1835-1873) became a revolu-
tionary hero when Bulgaria was still under
Ottoman rule. He organized an intricate
network of committees against the Otto-
man Empire, but in 1873 he was caught,
hanged and buried in a criminal graveyard.
Five years later Bulgaria gained indepen-
dence, and in the half century following
independence, Levski gradually won the
status of national hero. "This doesn't
mean he wasn't a hero before that," says
Todorova, "but the fact that he became
the sublime, the greatest, the pinnacle of
the pantheon of heroes happened 50 years

In a recent paper, Todorova analyzed
the dynamics of Levski's heroicization by
looking both at text books and fiction and
by visiting classrooms. "It was clear that
Levski was introduced primarily through
the texts of poems and short stories writ-
ten about him by the greatest epic writer
of the 19th century, Ivan Vazov. Children
were (and still are) socialized to this im-
age of the hero in literature, and then they
reproduce it as adults. When the works of
this particular writer became part of the
canon of Bulgarian literature, Levski was
symbolically 'canonized' in the process."
Reflecting Levski's "sublime" status,
in the late 1920s, rumors spread that surely
the Bulgarian nation had not been indiffer-
ent enough to let their hero rot in common
grave. Instead, according to the legend, on
the very night Levski was hanged, his body
was removed from the criminal graveyard
and reburied in the apsis of a Sofia church.
When Bulgaria became communist
after WWII and the government began
building what Todorova calls "huge Stalin-
ist monstrosities" in Sofia-including big
hotels, department stores and the large
Central Committee building -the mystery
of Levski's remains resurfaced, literally.
Archeologists conducting excavations on

Maria Todorova's 1997 book, Imagining the Balkans, is now available or near
completion in eight languages (English, Serbian, Bulgarian, Greek, Croatian, Turk-
ish, Romanian and German), and the French and Italians hope to publish her book
in their countries, too.
Todorova translated the Bulgarian edition and edited the others,
supplying new introductions meant for each particular public. She
also traveled to each country to introduce the book. Although this
extra work has been time consuming, delaying other projects,
Todorova says it's been quite gratifying to see her word spread-
She explains: "The central idea of Imagining the Balkans is
that there is a discourse, which I term Balkanism, that creates
a stereotype of the Balkans, and politics is significantly and
organically intertwined with this discourse. When confronted
with this idea, people may feel somewhat uneasy, especially
on the political scene."
But overall, she says, the book has received good reviews, not only in the
academic community, but in political circles as well-there were even a couple of
US Senators carrying around the book during the Balkan crisis. "The most gratify-
ing response to me came from a very good British journalist, Misha Glenny, who
has written well and extensively on the Balkans. He said, 'You know, now that I
look back, I have been guilty of Balkanism,' which was a really honest intellectual

Maria Todorova, History

the grounds of a small 14th or 15th century
church located right in the middle of So-
fia's construction zone uncovered a burial
site. Dissent erupted almost immediately
as to the origin and age of the bones, with
some archeologists labeling them late Ro-
man despite evidence of modern burials
which fed persistent lay sentiment connect-
ing the remains to Levski.
"In mean time, during the excava-
tion and removal of artifacts (which took
several years)," explains Todorova, "they
managed to lose the bones! So now you
have this wonderful story with all the facts,
but none of the facts because the bones are
missing." Ironically, she continues, when
Levski became a revolutionary (he was
previously a church deacon), he cut off his
long hair and gave it to his mother, who
preserved it. This means that if the bones
had not been lost, conclusive DNA testing
would now be possible.
In the 1980s, the controversy re-ig-
nited yet again when a popular Bulgarian
writer published several books that not
only maintained the Sofia bones were, in
fact, Levski's, but also chided the arche-
ologists for conducting sloppy work. "The
archeologists flung accusations back at the
writer-that he and his supporters were na-
tionalists and dilettantes," says Todorova.
See Todorova, page 9

History Department

History Staff

The History Department staff includes (clockwise from top left)
Senior (Chairs) Secretary Betty Corwine, Department Secretary
Linda Opper, Senior (Graduate) Secretary Barbara Guynn, and
Office manager Laurie Hoopaugh. On October 29, the History staff
was recognized by chair Fitz Brundage and faculty member Alice
Freifeld at a reception recognizing the Honor Society (see photo and
caption, below) for their hard work and assistance in maintaining the
strength and momentum of the UF chapter.

History Honor Society Turns 50, Wins International Honor

Gamma Eta, the UF Chapter of the Phi Alpha Theta International
History Honor Society, recently won Best Chapter in the Society's major
universities division. The award comes with a $250 grant toward books
for UF's library. "Most US universities have chapters of the History
Honor Society, as do some institutions in foreign countries," explains
Assistant Professor Tim Cleaveland who is Gamma Eta's co-advisor
(with Assistant Professor Alice Freifeld). "The international organiza-
tion publishes an academic journal called The Historian, grants scholar-
ships, and sponsors research at the undergraduate and graduate levels."
The UF chapter organizes educational lectures, co-sponsors the
Bridget B. Phillips Scholarship Fund, and assists the History Department
in various activities, such as administering the John Mahon Undergradu-
ate Teaching Award.
Membership in the local chapter, which celebrated its 50' year last Gamma Eta students pictured with faculty supporters
spring, is open to all history majors with a 3.1 History GPA and at least a (back row from left): Susan Jean, Sarah Ryon, history
3.0 overall. "Our chapter has about 50 active members and few thou- chair Fitz Brundage, history professor Tim Cleaveland,
sand alumni," says Cleaveland. history professor Alan Bliss, Patrick Boner, (front row
from left) Crista Hosmer and Tamara Liedel.

Vampires, continued from page 1

creatures from the grave. Instead, those accused of vampirism
are often associated with particular professions. In Nairobi, for
example, firemen are accused of sucking blood, while in Zambia
game rangers suffer that reputation. In some places even Catholic
priests, whose sacraments include references to blood and body,
are suspected of vampirism.
As one would expect, "vampire" is a hard label to live down.
Although a Ugandan policeman White spoke with took pleasure
in dubiously suggesting that he had abducted people to have their
blood sucked, most of those accused of being vampires abhor
their reputations. Firemen in particular lamented that children
often ran screaming away from them.
While researching in Kampala, Uganda, White recounted a
Kenyan story about prostitutes accused of digging holes in their
rooms in order to trap their customers for vampire firemen. Al-
though this foreign story shared nothing in common with Ugan-
dan vampire accounts, the local audience was willing to entertain

the possibility that it was valid, and several people in Kampala
suggested to White that she do research on that matter. "[Vam-
pirism] is anything but lore to the people who talk about it," she
says. "It's a subject requiring investigation and research and
thorough rethinking."
But White also stresses that not every listener, or even every
teller, takes vampire stories literally. "It's not so much a question
of belief vs. non-belief, but rather what the stories offer through
the telling," she explains. "Because these stories are told orally,
they are continually re-evaluated and re-negotiated. The whole
point of Speaking with Vampires is that African people tell vam-
pire stories because it's a very accurate way to talk about tensions
and contradictions in social relationships. Social imaginings are a
powerful way to discuss what ails them."%
-John Elderkin

Rituals and Spirits

Interdisciplinary conference will explore religious encoun-
ters in 16h-18th century Americas
by CLAS historian Jon Sensbach

Cuban Santeria, Hopi Catholicism,
Brazilian Pentecostalism, and
storefront church revivals are no
religious oddities in a rapidly-changing
modem world. They are new religions,
echoes of a distant time, the fruits of five
centuries of spiritual evolution and inven-
tion in the Americas. Like all faiths, they
grow and attract followers because they
meet someone's spiritual needs. Together,
these and many other vigorous forms of
worship show how the European arrival in
1492 ushered in one of the most dramatic
eras in world religious history.
To explore the impact of that period, the
Department of History will sponsor a two-
day symposium on October 6-7, 2000, on
religious encounters in the Americas dur-
ing the early modem period, roughly the
sixteenth through the eighteenth centuries.
Called "Rituals and Spirits: Religious
Contact and Change in the Early Atlantic
World," the symposium will bring together
scholars from history, religious studies,
art history, and anthropology
to consider the
implications of or virtually a
the confrontation,
melding, and ad- and newcomer
aptation of belief times, there v
systems wrought
by European line between s
colonization in gious culture; t(
the Americas.
The funneling religious. The
together and the Americas, t
clashing of
diverse and of- involved both
ten antagonistic reconciliation c
religions in the
western hemi- played out in tt
sphere changed quest and
forever the way
millions of people
For many years, early American
religious history kept largely to a familiar
narrative of Puritan founders establishing
their "City on a Hill" in Massachusetts as
a model of divine law for the world. That






storyline, worthy and powerful though it
remains, has given way in recent years to a
more complicated and morally ambiguous
one. Instead, we might conceive of a long
"religious frontier" between Canada and
Florida and-to extend both the metaphor
and its geographic boundaries even fur-
ther-stretching as far south as Argentina.
Along this frontier, a huge array of people
met or, more often, collided with each
other: indigenous people, Europeans, and
enslaved Africans, all of them the products
of many religious worldviews.
That encounter between people from three
continents, unprecedented in world history,
gave early American history its dynamism.
For virtually all those natives and new-
comers in premodem times, there was no
dividing line between secular and religious
culture; to exist was to be religious. Their
encounters in the Americas, therefore,
largely involved both the clash and rec-
onciliation of spiritual ideas played out in
the arena of conquest and colonization.
At the same time as thousands
of European im-
those natives migrants founded
settlements of re-
Sin premodern ligious sanctuary
s no dividing in America, many
Indians adopted
?cular and reli- Christianity
exist was to be in defensive
response to
* encounters in the invasion
erefore, largely of their lands.
the clash and Africans, survi-
spiritual ideas vors of the slave
trade, likewise
e arena of con- began to blend
Dlonization. their spiritual
traditions with
both Catholicism
and Protestantism,
creating dynamic Afro-Christian
hybrids. On the other hand, in Brazil,
Muslims from West Africa, clinging to
their faith, staged one of the largest reli-
giously-inspired American slave rebellions.

The confronta-
tion, fusion, w
or reworking i
of all these
beliefs created
new faiths for
a new world.
To help John Sensbach
explore what
this blending of religions meant to the
Americas, we have the rare opportunity to
offer our symposium in conjunction with
an exhibition at the Ham Museum of Art,
"Intimate Rituals and Personal Devo-
tions: Spiritual Art Through the Ages,"
on display from July 16, 2000, to January
14, 2001. That exhibition of about 140
objects culled from numerous collections
will feature religious art from the past two
millennia used in personal worship and
ritual in many world religions, including
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, as well
as the religious traditions of Africa, native
America, and Asia. These objects are as
diverse as Congolese carvings, Turkish
prayer rugs, Byzantine crosses, Peruvian
altars, and Hopi dolls. The symposium
will use the exhibition as a backdrop to
explore the era of spiritual collision, loss,
and renewal in the early modem Americas
by examining spiritual art as a mirror on
religious change.
Participants will address such dimen-
sions of religiosity as the implantation of
Catholicism in Indian communities, the
flourishing of African sacred art in a hemi-
spheric context, the impact of Islam on the
Americas, and comparative perspectives on
changing practices of ritual and worship.
The "Ritual and Spirits" symposium won't
be able to discuss all the world religions
represented in the exhibition, nor can it
begin to address the continuing creative
influence of American religious diversity
in more modem times. But by shining a
spotlight on that earlier world of the spirit,
we can perhaps reconsider how that era
still shapes us today.%

Faculty/Staff Campaign Report

A report from Jennifer Denault
CLAS Director of Development
and Alumni Affairs

O nce again the faculty and staff at the College of
Liberal Arts and Sciences have shown the rest of
the university why it is we are so successful. Dur-
ing the Faculty-Staff Campaign- \ ly Performance
Jennifer Denault
Counts"-CLAS raised more than any other college
in gifts and pledges from current and retired faculty
and staff. The percentage of participation is one of the highest among all
the colleges with 398 current faculty and staff and 54 retired individuals
making contributions (see graphic, below). University wide, the Faculty-
Staff Campaign has raised over $18.7 million since it began in April, far
exceeding the original goal of $10 million. Faculty and staff from the
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences alone contributed $4.6 million, 25%
of the total dollars raised for the campaign.
"We couldn't be happier with the results of the Faculty-Staff Campaign,"
says Carter Boydstun, Senior Director of Development at the University
of Florida Foundation. "The best part about this is
that the departments are the direct beneficiaries of
this tremendous display of generosity. All of these
gifts will be put to use in the area for which they were
intended and in the end the entire college benefits.
We have a lot to be proud of when it comes to our
staff and faculty in the College of Liberal Arts and
Carter Boydstun

CLAS Faculty/Staff Campaign Total: $4,667,705



T 3133,033

1 Stae Ma1 t iin. Mcey

Tolal $1534,672


French Professor's Bequest
Will Endow Visiting Professor-
ship in Humanities

"UF is my home," says French professor
William Cali, explaining why he recently
made a large bequest to CLAS. "I wanted to
show my commitment to this fine university."
Dr. Calin has been
professor in the
Department of
Romance Lan-
guages and Lit-
eratures since 1988,
when he was hired
from among the
scores of outstand- i e
ing international
scholars who applied for the prestigious post.
"He publishes and lectures widely and with
distinction, is a superb teacher, and an unusu-
ally engaged professional citizen within the
University of Florida and beyond it," says
Geraldine Nichols, romance literature and
languages department chair.
Calin's bequest will endow the "Wil-
liam Calin Visiting Professorship," which
will rotate yearly among the six disciplines
closest to its benefactor's intellect and heart:
French, German, religion, Spanish, history,
and English. \ iiunng professors have been
a rarity in CLAS, and more's the pity, since
they benefit their hosts in so many ways,"
says Nichols. "They bring new ideas and
standpoints to students and colleagues, and
they take away a new appreciation for their
host departments and universities."
"It's always a good idea to bring in
fresh minds, distinguished scholars from the
outside who can invigorate and enrich us,"
agrees Calin. "I'm also interested in forging
more interdisciplinary connections within the
humanities, to bring the humanities together
so to speak. I hope this will encourage others
to make gifts of a similar nature."

Cuxenl UF Faculty aid Stai Relted LF Faflly
4MLPadm Matim F'Pfkipami

New Faculty

Bernard Hauser, an assistant
professor of botany, comes to
UF from the University of Cali-
fornia-Davis, where he worked
as a postdoctoral researcher.
He received his PhD in botany
from the University of Georgia.
His research focuses on ovule
and seed development. "I ana-
lyze genetic mutations that alter
the development of seeds,"
he explains. "By thoroughly
examining the phenotype of a
mutant seed, I can hypothesize
the role that the mutated gene
plays during seed formation.
The information from these
studies could furnish insights
into how seeds develop and
tools for improving crops."
Hauser's outside interests
include playing soccer, brewing
beer and bicycling.

Assistant professor of geogra-
phy Joshua Comenetz earned
his PhD earlier this year from
the University of Minnesota.
During his doctoral study,
Comenetz worked as a cartog-
rapher for the Institute on Race
and Poverty at the University
of Minnesota Law School.
He's interested in cartography,
population, geography and
geographic information sys-
tems and his current research
includes assessing demographic
data quality, developing new
cartographic techniques and
mapping ethnic and Jewish
populations. He's currently
teaching courses in cartography
and population geography. In
his free time, Comenetz enjoys

Assistant professor of linguis-
tics Ratree Wayland comes to
UF from University of Alabama
at Birmingham (UAB) where
she was an NIH post-doctoral
fellow after earning her PhD
from Cornell University. Her
research interests include
experimental phonetics, second
language acquisition, sound
symbolism and languages and
cultures of Southeast Asia.
Current projects include experi-
mental research on the acqui-
sition of English consonants
and vowels by native speakers
of Spanish, the acquisition of
tones by speakers of non-tonal
languages as well as acoustic
investigation of phonation
types (modal, breathy voices)
in Southeast Asian languages.
Her outside interests include
reading, cooking, crafts and
playing with her two children.

Fred Hamann, an associate
professor of astronomy, earned
his PhD at the State University
of New York at Stony Brook
and comes to UF from the
University of California-San
Diego, where he worked as
research physicist. Hamann
is interested in quasars, active
galactic nuclei, the quasar-host
galaxy connection, star forma-
tion and galaxy evolution in
the early universe. He enjoys
classical music, theater, biking,
hiking canoeing and getting to
know Gainesville and Florida.

Todorova, continued from page 5

Their heated debate raises a new line of inquiry in her case study.
"Are dilettantes allowed to speak for history? This dynamic
concerns all of us, not only there in Europe, but to us here in the
university and everywhere," she says. "Are professional histori-
ans entitled to monopolize the way one thinks and writes about
history or not? So my project also encompasses historiography,
methodology, the profession of history and so on."
Another fascinating aspect of Todorova's case study concerns
the malleability of historical interpretation. A boggling array
of political parties and social groups continuously appropriate
the great Bulgarian hero for their causes. "Levski is the hero
of conservatives, of arch nationalists, even of the near fascists,"
says Todorova. "He is also the hero of the extreme left, of both
Christians and atheists, republicans and monarchists. It is very
interesting to see exactly what these conflicting groups manage to

carve out from his material and writings to tailor Levski to their
After two extremely busy years, due in large part to the suc-
cess of her last book, Imagining the Balkans (see sidebar, page
5), Todorova is in the process of applying for funds to support a
year off to complete and write up the Levski study. "It is turn-
ing into quite a fun project," she says. "The case I think is very
attractive--among other things, it allows me to look at different
theoretical problems in an analytical way, such as nationalism, the
mechanism of historical memory, hero worship or other com-
parative processes within a Balkan or general European context.
But also, I wanted to experiment with the genre and how one
can squeeze good analytical problems out of an attractive narra-


(through the Division of Sponsored Research)

September 1999 Total: $2,492,139

Investigator Dept Agency

Katritzky, A.
Powell, D.
Randles, R.

Burns, A.
Norr, L.
Gustafson, B.
Shyy W.
Mukherjee, J.
Andrew, W.
Mulkey, S.
Bowes, G.
Bowes, G.
Jones, D.
Gordon, D.
Angerhofer, A.
Bartlett, R.
Benner, S.
Benner, S.
Bowers, C.
Blackband, S.
Butler, G.
Colgate, S.
Duran, R.
Eyler, J.
Powell, D.
Martin, C.
Eyler, J.
Schanze, K.
Winefordner, J.
Zerner, M.
Waylen, P
Hodell, D.
Gallant, T.
Cheng, H.
Cheng, H.
Dufty, J.
Harris, F
Kumar, P
Meisel, M.
Paul, A.
Trickey, S.
Albarracin, D.
Ohn, Y.
McGorray, S.
Shuster, J.
Shuster, J.
Pollock, B.
Brockmann, J.
Osenberg, C.

Alter, N.
Bullivant, K.
McMahon, R.

Scicchitano, M.
Carter, R.

CHEM Multiple Companies
CHEM Dow Chemical Company
STAT Archimica Inc.


BOT UF Foundation




US Air Force






Award Title

1,010 Miles compound contract.
4,700 Mass spectrometry services.
6,663 Archimica statistical internship.


Graduate Research Fellowship Program-cost of education allowance.
Power: nutritional consequences of social hierarchy: diet, status, gender, & health in the prehistoric Americas.
Cosmic dust research.
Florida Space Grant Consortium training grant-non-UF recipients.

3,500 Canopy biology program in Panama.




Graduate Research Fellowship Program-cost of education allowance.
Graduate Research Fellowship Program-cost of education allowance.
Florida native turfgrass investigation II.

Ultrafast switches for pulsed SUB-MM radiation.
Polynitrogen characterization: DARPA-AFOSR proposal extension.
Darwin chemistry.
Functional nanostructures supplement.
Proposal to establish an optically polarized noble gas NMR & MRI program at NHMFL.

Dispersion, agglomeration & consolidation.
CVT development.
Engineered particulates.
Acquisition of a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer.

99,744 Nanomaterials in secondary battery research & development.




GSS UFF Howard Foundation

HIST UF Foundation

POL State of Florida
STAT University of South Florida

Development of a transient cut-off grid for focus Schlieren.
Advanced measurements & characterization.
Multi-scale simulation of materials behavior through integrated computational hierarchies.
Benefit of incorporation ENSO forecast into reservoir operation & hydroelectric power distribution procedures.
Collaborative research: building marine sediment analogs to the polar ice cores in the south Atlantic sector.
Criminal justice, violence & dispute resolution in the British Empire: the Ionian Islands, 1817-1864.
Nano-machining via ion-surface interactions.
Multi-scale simulation of materials behavior through integrated computational hierarchies.
Multi-scale simulation of materials behavior through integrated computational hierarchies.
Multi-scale simulation of materials behavior through integrated computational hierarchies.
Fringe benefits reimbursement for Pradeep Kumar-visiting scientist/program director.
Low gravity plant growth experiments using high magnetic field gradient levitation.

Multi-scale simulation of materials behavior through integrated computational hierarchies.
Change, maintenance & decay in HIV prevention.
Partial financial support for the 2000 Sanibel Symposium.
Statistical data: evaluation of isochemic heart disease in women-clinical centers.
Phase I clinical trials in children-statistical office.
Pediatric Oncology Group- statistical office.

4,000 Graduate Research Fellowship Program-cost of education allowance.
10,372 Detecting ecological impacts: effects of taxonomic aggregation in the before-after control-impact paired series.

20,000 The essay film.

10,350 Sam Proctor fellowship fund.

1,500 State applied research for surveys.
28,000 Birth vital statistics: survival low birth weight & morbidity outcomes.

Miscellaneous $49,1
McElwee-White, L. CHEM
Yelton, J. PHY
Anderson, L. POL
Fuentes, V.
Scicchitano, M. POL
Stewart, A. PSY
Hollinger, R. SOC
Chapman, L. ZOO
Chapman, C.

AM Chemical Society
Harvard University
Inst. for Study of World Politics

Multiple Sponsors
Psi Chi Fac. Advsr. Res. Grant
Multiple Sources
Wildlife Conservation Society



American Chemical Society division of organic chemistry fund.
Optical study of liquid hydrogen using a diamond anvil cell.
The politics of post-disaster reconstruction: a study of governance & regime change in Honduras.

Outside applied research for surveys.
Predicting post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in car crash survivors.
Security research project.
Recovery of plant & animal communities in the Kibale corridor.

Age and Inequality: Diverse Pathways Through Later Life
Angela M. Rand and John C. Henretta (Sociology) Age
Westview Press and

(from book jacket) Inequality
Age and Inequality examines the structural and individual DA P..w
bases of inequality and aging in the United States, especially
in recent decades. The interplay of the employment system
with public and private social insurance systems operates to ^AZi M.,.'1
structure the shapes of work careers and the patterns of exit
from these careers in late adulthood and old age.
Gender inequality across the life course is an important
element of age inequality. Labor market structure, state poli-
cies, and life-course factors, such as fertility and the division
of household labor, systematically differentiate men's and women's work careers
and retirement statuses.

...Recent decades are notable for the decreasing importance of age for the
conduct of more and more social roles. The age at which marriage, full-time work,
childbearing, and retirement begin, and at which schooling, the work career, mar-
riage, childbearing, and family care end, have become more variable. Historical
circumstances have introduced succeeding cohorts to changing life conditions and
new uncertainties, leading to a loosening of the association between age and social
Increased variability in the life course is also associated with increased eco-
nomic inequality.... The United States exhibits among the highest levels of inequality
across the age span, including perhaps the highest relative inequality among the
elderly when compared to other nations.

critical practice.

Poetics/ Politics: Radical Aesthetics for the Classroom
Edited by Amitava Kumar (English)
St. Martin's Press

(from book jacket)
On the contested terrain of cultural studies, the debate has
often focused on the blurring of the line between the poetic
and the political. The future of the academic profession,
the move toward a return to "literary readings" and the
function/usefulness of art and poetry today are all tied up
in this issue. The real need, however, is to complicate the
argument between the two, and this volume address that
need by using the classroom as the specific site for that

First, we need to invent, and keep inventing,...those strategies that reveal the
fault lines of the real. This cannot only be a traditional, academic practice of ideol-
ogy critique. By insisting upon the performative, I want to underline the importance
of other practices, some more private but others emphatically more public, more
spectacular, sometimes more ludic, and at other times more (or less) artful....
What kind of theater is a classroom? How precisely is a critic an actor? Why,
and in what manner, should we consider writing, any writing, a performance?

Book Beat

Kick Ass: Selected Columns of Carl
Edited by Diane Stevenson (English)
University Press of Florida

(from book jacket)
Beginning with "Welcome to South
Florida," a chapter full of such everyday
events as animal sacrifice, riots at the
beach, and a shootout over limes at the
supermarket, this collection organizes
more than 200 columns into 18 chap-
ters, chronicling the events and defin-
ing the issues that have kept the South
Florida melting pot bubbling throughout
the eighties and nineties. [Stevenson's]
tory essay
provides an ia
overview of
career and
outlines his il i
concerns as
a journalist.

and its accompanying corruption...
occupy one side of Hiaasen's clearly
articulated system of right and wrong,
while unspoiled wilderness lies on the
other. The two are separated by what
Skink, in Double Whammy, perceives
to be "the moral seam of the universe"
as he gazes at the dike separating a
contaminated development from pris-
tine swampland. Against this backdrop,
events play out in Hiaasen's novels and
columns, the moral landscape mak-
ing almost tangible certain basic and
universal values: we should be loyal
to our friends, behave with civility and
decency, earn our paychecks honestly,
experience shame if we steal, preserve
the world for our children, and never
surrender-either our belief in these
values, or to anyone who would violate
them for personal gain. As Hiaasen
says, "You try to be a good citizen
wherever you live. Plant mangroves
and don't piss in the water."

Musings, continued from page 1
found others not as enthusiastic about
some of his ideas as he was, he could be
"difficult." Well, actually, he could be
downright unpleasant. But it was hard
not to admire the deep passion that he
brought to the job. No one fought harder
for the University of Florida.
Lombardi was a president with na-
tional visibility. Active in many profes-
sional areas and touting high profile
projects, he made the Chronicle, the New
York Times, and other media. Usually
for things we were pleased to read about,
though not always. But the University
of Florida, under his leadership, became
known as a university where things
were happening, an up-and-comer, one
that Education-beat writers learned to
follow with interest, which benefited UF
No president I have ever known, and
I have known a few, was even close to
Lombardi in communication with his
constituencies. He had this chameleon-
like ability to transform himself for the
audience at hand, adjusting (but not
basically changing) his message. And
most went away as believers. Over
almost a decade of listening to Lombardi
speeches, I still admired his rhetorical
skills. Standing in the back of a room,
listening to one of his stemwinders for
the umpteenth time, I could still find
myself strangely moved by the mes-
sage. John had a way of making the
adrenaline flow, first in himself and then
in others. A number of years ago I asked
him to speak to a national meeting of
Arts & Sciences deans, not the warmest,
fuzziest of audiences. But he blew them
away, of course, and no one ever forgot
the experience.
Big shoes to fill. But there is no ques-
tion in my mind that the next talented
leader of UF is somewhere out there
waiting to bring his or her new vision to
this great university. The presidency of
UF is a very attractive position for the
right person, and the process of identify-
ing candidates is under way. With the
able and proven leadership of Interim
President Charles Young, we are in good
hands during the transition.
Now we wait with anticipation for that
person who will build on the legacy of
John V. Lombardi. And thanks, John, it
was a hell of a ride.

Will Harrison,

A Note From the Chair

Fitz Brundage, History

change over time is the time-honored cliche that
describes the historian's charge. In recent
years, the Department of History at UF cer-
tainly has experienced change. Indeed, we confront
two significant transitions, one ongoing and one rapidly
Like other departments at UF and countless other
universities, the Department of History continues to
explore ways to preserve a commitment to rigorous
pedagogy while contending with burgeoning student en-
rollments. Specifically, in keeping with our discipline's
roots in the humanities, our department continues to
stress the importance of writing in our courses, whether
at the survey or upper level. Our faculty remains
committed to laboring through stacks of undergraduate research essays, circling vague
pronoun antecedents, pointing out awkward sentence constructions, and marking run-on
sentences because the skills we teach (rigorous thinking and clear writing) are at least

...In keeping with our

discipline's roots in the

humanities, our depart-

ment continues to stress

the importance of writing

in our courses, whether

at the survey or upper


as important as the content we impart. And at a
time when secondary schools all too often fail to
teach these skills, our obligation to teach them
takes on added urgency.
Regrettably, we no longer enjoy the luxury of
offering classes with enrollments so small that
teaching fundamental skills is comparatively
effortless. Instead, we must satisfy institutional
pressures to grow enrollments while simultane-
ously preserving, whenever possible, teaching
techniques that have stood the test of time, such
as the Socratic dialogue and substantial ana-
lytical writing assignments. Given the current
circumstances, we individually and collectively
must experiment to adapt these techniques to
classes of 50, 75, or 100 students. Fortunately,
our limited enrollment junior colloquia remain
a centerpiece of our undergraduate program.
In these courses, the small number of students

allows for a degree of intimacy between faculty and students as well as rigor that is espe-
cially valuable at a large university like UF. Consequently, we are zealous in preserving
and, when possible, expanding our small, limited enrollment classes.
The second transition, as I noted above, is rapidly approaching. We are waiting ea-
gerly to abandon Turlington Hall and to move to our new home, Keene-Flint Hall. Lore

has it that Turlington is an award-win-
ning building. (Having once lived in an
award-winning dorm designed by Walter
Gropius, I am deeply skeptical of archi-
tectural awards.) Be that as it may, we
will gladly and without regret undergo the
ordeal of moving in order to be united in
space as attractive as Keene-Flint will be.
The move to our new home should have
tangible benefits for both faculty morale
and pedagogy (e. g., natural light in offices
and classrooms). I trust that we can be
excused for anticipating our new home as
the Promised Land.%


CLASnotes is published monthly by the College
of Liberal Arts and Sciences to inform faculty and
staff of current research and events.

Contr. Editor:
Copy Editor:

Will Harrison
Jane Gibson
John Elderkin
Jane Dominguez
Bill Hardwig