National journal
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073661/00001
 Material Information
Title: National journal
Uniform Title: National journal (Washington, D.C.)
Physical Description: v. : ; 50-59 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Peter Force
Place of Publication: Washington D.C
Creation Date: July 21, 1825
Publication Date: 1823-
Frequency: semiweekly (triweekly during the sessions of congress)[july 17, 1824-1832]
semiweekly[ former 1823-july 14, 1824]
normalized irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 12, 1823)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased Jan. 23, 1832.
Numbering Peculiarities: Prospectus issued Aug. 23, 1823.
General Note: Editor varies: Peter Force, 1823-1830; John Agg, 1831-1832.
General Note: Publisher varies: Peter Force, 1823-1830; George Watterston, 1830; Thom. L. Thruston, 1830; William Duncan, 1830-1831; William Prentiss, 1831-1832.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09311731
lccn - sn 82016406
System ID: UF00073661:00001
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national journal
Preceded by: Washington Republican and Congressional examiner (Washington, D.C. : Triweekly)

Full Text



Je~~ La~i


S "" In adlUiI r partdll our pale%- % l, n i..... .. ..
ample and interesting? description of that beau-
tiful tract of country, lying North of the river
La' Pla-ta, and known.by the name of ,Banda Ori-
ental, to which we beg leave to call the attention
of our readers.
We yesterday published a letter from one of the
proprietors of the New-York Daily Advertis-er, now
on a tour in England, giving a br:;f, but spirited
description of Literporl, Oxford, Stratford upon
Avon, and London. We this day publish a second
letter from the same- ourtce, giving a description,
pFrfectly fa phic and faithful, of one of the most
splendid exhibitions of which London can boast.
That overgrown city may well be proud of its pub-
lic charities, and especially of its charity schools.-
SSuch, a scene a, the one presented in' this letter,
hnast be but imperfectly conveyed to the reader, by
even the liveliest powers of description. The cor-
respondent of the Advertiser has done it consider-
able justice, and his account will be perused with
no inconsiderable interest, by every class of our
The fatal consequences of drinkinig cold water,
during the excessive heats of summer, have receiv-
'ed some melancholy illustrations during the last
Week. In Boston, the deaths from exposure to the
heat, and drinking cold water, were calculated at
from 25 to 30. One physician was called, within
a few hours, to visit 13 persons, who had been at-
tacked in consequence of drinking cold water. At
the request of the Mayor of Boston, the master
builders have agreed to abstain from labour, during
this warm weatirten, fiom 12 to .5 o'clock. On the
Monday, and Tuesday.of last week, the thermo-
meter, at its lowest range during the night, was at
783; and at its highest on both days, at 100, in the
At New-York, about the same number of deaths
have occurred, from the snme cause. On one day,
the Coroner took an inquest on 23 persons, most
of whom died from being overheated, and from the
effects of cold water. The workmen in that city
have been obliged to abandon their labour in the
heat-of the day. At Albany, 7 or 8 deaths have
taken place, in consequence of the same impru-
den'ce; amonst whom was Mr. Bennett, a teacher
of respectability.
The Boston Medical Intelligencer has created
some alarm, by stating a report that the yellow
fever has made its appearance in New-York. We
notice the report for tha purpose of expressing our
4 hope.and belief that it may be regarded only as
one of the idle rumours of the day.
Commodore La Borde.---By the arrival of ship
Farmer, of Cadiz, Gon, La Borde, commander of
the Spanish frigate!Sabina, received-his appoint-
pents as General of Marines, ,vhich gave much sa-
tisfaction to the inhabitants of Havana.

peace which hal rt' enuy ueen iiiconciuiu e e.v.
the British Coloty and tile Ashantees, will increase
the security, add, consequently, the prosperity of
the American settlers. We understand that a very
inconsiderable sum has yet been received from
the collections made at the recent Anniversary. It
is believed, however, that collections have been
made which will assist the views of the Society;
judging from the general approbation of its ob-
jects which has been expressed throughout the
country, and the spirit with which most of the
religious de-nninalatilvs ..have taken up the sub-
ject of promoting its views and increasing its
The citizens of Gorham, in Maine, celebrated
the 4th of July, by turning out en masse, and put-
ting up a-new frame building and out-houses for a
neighbour, who had recently'been burnt out. The
ladies of the town prepared, and supplied them
with refreshments, through this laudable work.

Very late from Key VWest..-A letter from otur
correspondent at Key West, dated 23d tlt. informs
us, that the Island still continued unhealthy. The
late law of Cuba, relative io Spanish vessels, had
completely paralized thie trade 'of that port ; no-
thing was doing there at the date of our letter, and
there was no hope of a revival of trade, unless a
repeal of the law alluded to should take place.
The frigate Constellation, Commodore Warring-
ton, was still at the Island, to sail in a few days,
destination unknown. The corvette John Adams,
Captain Nicholson, sailed the preceding week for
Lieutenants Barton, and Ross. of the Marine
Corps, came home in the vessel that bore our cor-
respondent's letter.
The new Hospital, erecting in a more central
part of the island, was about half finished. Tihe
Contractor for the Light-House had been com-
pelled to suspend his operations until next fall,
in consequence of the sickness of his men, when
the walls 'were about two-thirds finished.-Nor-
folk Beacon.

Captain Hall, of the brig Exchange, arrived at
Norfolk, informs that he was boarded, while at St.
Thomas, by an officer from the United States Ship
Iornet, Captain KENNEDY, and informed that se-
veral piratical barges had been destroyed by boats
from said ship, on the South side of Cuba. The Hor-
net sailed 2d inst. for Cuba, to touch at Porto Ri-
co--Officers and crew all well.

A Pirate.-A Dutch ship arrived at Havana
which had succeeded in beating off a piratical
launch with about 20 men on board, when near
Matanzas. The Captain reserved his fire until
the piratical vessel was nearly alongside, when he.
opened his broad-side and musketry upon them,
which killed 10 men, and wounded 2 or 3---the
wind being light enabled the remainder to encape.

Olaneta inUpper Peru, General ?I.?'"%.. uM'ii
command of the whole country, hail issued a decree
from Potosi, for the meeting of a pmeral assembly
of deputies, to be elected by the j ntas of parishes
and provinces, which was to be hiId at Potosi, ont
the 25th of May. Bolivar was en)octed in Upper
Peru in the beginning of May.
We learn from 'aptain Green,af the schr. John
S. Spence, in 11 days from Gape laytien, that the
Emigrants were very much diss tisfied with their
situation, and were anxious to reirn to the United
States. [i' rfolk beacon.

On one of the western turnpiljs there is a Stage
Coach Company, whose inventor" in stages, horses,
harnesses, &c. amounts to 170)00. *

A letter from the United'Staps Consolar Agent
at Port Spain, Trinidad, states that on the 20th
June, there appeared at his opcee Noah Gales, an
American seamen, stating him ~f to be the only
survivor of the schooner Rebp ca, George Chase,
master, of and from Baltimo with a cargo of
Hour, staves, &c. bound for nat port. On lie
night of the 7th June, when eideavouring to wea-
ther a point in the Serpent's Flouth at the Somith
West part of the Island, the schooner struck on at
reef of rocks during a thunder tormi, and in about
three quarters of an hour, we t to pieces.-The
crew consisted of.the captain, inate, and two sea-
men, lost: himself escaped fir)in the wreck on the
topsail yard, and gained the land after being in tihe
water two hours. Nothing/could be seen of the
wreck on the following manrtitg.
Sale of Shcep.-The Saxon Sbheep, imported by
Messrs. G. & T. Searle, ltere sold yesterday by
public auction, at Brightdn, by Messrs. Coolidge,
Poor, and Head. The niimber of competitors for
tlte purchase was large, nimny of whom were from
the neighboring .States; and the price fi;r which
the sheep weresol-d shows the high estimation in
which they ate held. The highest price given for
a single sheep, was four hundred and fifty dollars.
-Another was sold at $'425, attd the average
price of the whole, including lambs, we believe was
near a hundred and sixty dollars each. The pur-
chasers were mostly, it not all, gentlemen experi-
enced in the raising of sheep, and well acquainted
with their value. It may be presumed, therefore,
that these e hoiceanimals, distributed throughout
the country, will, in the course' of a few years,
have a material effect in improving the quality of
our flocks.-Boston D. Adv.
Another fatal warning against dressing small
children in cotton outer garments, was given to
our town yesterday morning. A fine little girl.
about eight years of age, was sent by her another to
a neighbour's house to obtain fire, and while in the
act of getting it, her clothes took fire, and before
assistance could be obtained, she was burned sc
dreadfully, that she expired in about two hours.
[Alexandria Gaz.

A COLOURED female servant for doing tioiework in
genenl,onie of ii'llde ac would be pief'ered. l will
be necessary that they cons well recommended for industry,
lionestly, iad steady habits, and none other need apply-good
wages will be gitlin. Apply at tie office ofthe Journal.
July 19.

SUAPED from T1 e f gaol of Allegany 'C.fory
E about 6 o'clock this morning, Gth of July
a citizen of said county, who was committed to said
gaol in May last, for the murder of Bennet M. theyy -
DRAKE is in height about five feet eleven inches, or
six feet high, of slender figure, his face sharp, and at
,all times pale, but rendered still more so by his recent
confinement. His age cannot be accurately stated, but
supposed to be from twenty-seven to thirty. The cir-
cumstances under which the alleged murder upon they
was committed, are such as to call loudly upon every
citizen for the utmost exertions in order to the re-ap-
prehension of him. Whoever willapprehend and deli-
ver him to me in Cumberland, or secure him in some
convenient gaol so that I get him, shall receive of me
a reward of thirty dollars, if apprehended within ten
miles, or if at any greater distance or out of the State
the above reward of fifty Dollars.
Sheriff of A1lgany County Md.
July 6, 1825.-law3w
The whole in ONE DAY, By the improved Mode of Draw-
ing, secured by Letters Paoeni under the Sealof lthe U. S.
The whole to be completed in OsN. DAY, and will Mpositivel)
take place il the City of BallinmUe, on the 27th ofJuly.
Highest Prize $40,000.



prize of

21,043 prizes

40,000 tickets. Not

$40,000 is
10,000 is
5,000 is
1,000 is
100 is
50 is
20 is
10 is
6 is
4 is




one Blank to a prize.

'l'lie Brilliancy of this scheme, (beiln- on the l,1)"ruved
venturers will remark the low rate of ickets.--he very tri
flint rh sk incurred, (the:e not being one blank to a pi ie) andt
lit 'lthe capital pIrize ofFOT THOUSAN D DOLLARS
is of a maginiauiie ith ero ti np r.edented for so saIl :a s1 Inl
invietedmahove alI, however, is the CERTAINTY OF UB-
TAINING A'S. LEAST ONE PRIZE by the p rchase oIf Iwo
t kcets or two shaures-(one odd and one cniii numlif:r) aid
i thie snnae ratio of rcerlinty iin the purchase ofr greater
number of tickets or shares.
Whole 'Tickets, -
Halves, 50
Quarters, 5
Eighhs 62
To be had in the greatest vat iy f Nos.odd and even,J at
Lottery S Exchange-Office, 114 Market-st. Bnlt.
MVielei i the late State Lollterics, were sold the Gireat Ca-
pitals of ,100,00 40,000 2 of 20000 3 o 10,000, 3 of
sides no i-S tl.in twelve capiials of 5000 dols. &t. andl
where more capital prizes have been obtained than at any
other office in Amnerina.
SOrdersfron any parofheUnited States or Territo-
ries, e losi ca or prizes i an of the Lolteries,
(post paid) will nicet our accustomed prompt attention. Ad-
dressed to
J. I. COIIEN, Jr-Baltimore.
Baltimore, July 1, 182 5.--2aii'vt-.
Neatlyand promptly executed at this Office.

i Piize of $40,000' is 440,000"-t""
1 10',000 10 lO
10 1,Co0 1l,000'
S0 100 S,000
50 50 2,;UO
200 920 4,'00 0
250 10 2,500
500 6 3,000
20,00 4 80,J00

21,04, Prizes. $160,000
40,000 Tickets. Not one blank to a Prize!
Wlble Tickets S5 ; Halves y 5U; Quarters $1 25.--
Eighths 63.

I CLASS NO 1--aOR I1 :
To be rawn on the 17nthi iay of Aiguasi next, and finished is
i tI few mimmues,
1 prize of 25,000 is 25,000
I 1 10,000 10,000
1 5,000 5,000
2 2,500 5,000
S1 2,360 / 2,360
20 5V 10,000 .
30 /50' 7,500
52 50 2,600
156 25 3,900
1,248 10 12,480
10,608 5 53,0A0

12,120 prizes $ 136,880,
22,100 ilhanks
Whole Tickets $5; Halves g2 50 ; Quarters 35 235
Eighths 63.
L-P patIkages of 20 tickets), amhimacing all the tomubina-t
tio no. from i to 60, which i st of necessity 'arliia l t ast
nt with so many chances for the.'ie a pis z. itay
.ii i' a dtat theS am, r ti:e, viz : .1 I o. .,* I i, f e 1 e 100-
'20 tilves $50-'- 0 Q (i't'rs .. ..-. t. ghilih '1- 2 0. -of
T1il.ets mmd u IEarc im1 chili Lottery Irm saile III a iVaiety oft
,, be a :t

...... ALLEN'S
Lottery and Exchange Office,,
Pe lIisylvallm A4 v ', t i't\ 'il- lgtoln (' ty.
SOrlrt'rs by tuail, -post p aiid, will receive punctual attlen--
ion, and infornitiun of the fite ltiuckets gi'en, mi usle itu ans
toon asIdrawn. July 20-

Coninue to inrn in succession, between
Ne'to-York, Alexandria, Washington,4 Georgetown,
jHEY tare iiavigatel by men experienced in the trade.-
The Ves-,els consist of tile following, vil:
Schooner XCIHANGE, H. HARRIS, Master.
Sluop JAVA A .i(DBIRD), i(t.
Sloop A\RMAl)A,'E. KIRTLAND, do.
The Public may rest assured, that the above named Vessels
wNill riim regihl:irly as heretofore.
For Freight or Passge, (lming good acconsnodatious on
board,) 1ply to JOEL CRUTTENDEN,
AgNt at G,'orgetowin.
A,,ent- at Alexandria.
Agents at New-Yotrk.
N. B Ifati any time there siolu noI t )e a ntacket cut tIle
wharf, Goods may be sent to e Packet Ohffie in (.i her placa,
and be orewarded agreeable to direction.
j titune 8'-awGw

S ,'
/ .' '

, -

*: I

,iu ,

o/' iii


PETER FORCE. on ctt -' 1Y. AND OUR o v;rt.'s FIE;t .-' ( JULY 21, 1%25.

The NAtrIONAL JoOatAI, is published by PETER FORCE The excavatiori of the Farmiington Canal in We copy from the St. Louis Repuliai tle 'l- Alr. Clay.-This v:rtnous and accomplished states. Cufir Dys.itery.--A deoction of the roots of
ilie Proprietor and Editor,) on the mortinlgs of Tuesday, Massachusetts was commenced on the 4th instant, lowing correspondence between Crlonel BENTON matn, has, e' are ple;;sed to learn, left the seat of gov- Blaclerry buses is a safe, sure arnd speedy cure for
Thursday, and Saturday, each week tl by Governor Wolcott, who, assisted by the Presi- and the SECRETARY OF VAi.t, on the subject of a eria it. and returnedto the boson ofhis fa ti y. Ie d eatery. -This receipt was oLbilned from the
Thursday, and Saturday,.in each week. rs' "aso eWe wiere, Irons an intimate acquaintance with every Oni [Itdians.
aThrpe p i aper dvancnm aire Dollars; orsmonhs eedent of tihe Canal, began the ceremony of dggiing, Military Post, at the point where the traders from n circumstance occurring in hIis public life, always pre- Th Ioregoing, copied from an Americati netspiper,
For tlla e DALY A NL Jo T Dollars per an after the usual solemnities had been gone through. Missouri to Internal Mexico, are in the custom of, pared to see himn moing atny sacrifices for the welfare remit s s of another medicine for ,yseatery, deriv ed

auni; Six Dollars for six months. .., s As soos soon as the opening of the excavation had bteon crossing the Arkansas rive Te tne of the d, to findt'lim balaci in one d self-aran- w fr mt esal intruded io the edion e chests set
w'4 er tm d h p m : y S r. stifftc e arl y raised ato fin i l eli wsha s ilc i vi on e h s setf-ag ue t g i n ci i occ dsto the.iBisto l Cly a i e cheats sent
Adertisementsmade, the company, partook of a dinner, after ply d by the Secretary of War,sfficiently idi- dizeniet, and tie wishes o' few of his csuets, to e est Indies fro Bisto, by a physician of that
S which many toasts suitable to the day and the occa- cates the wish 'f the General Govertinient to give and all the seducing temptations of ambition-and in city, w'se name tve do not resulle':t, aud, being very
.i, '.s--'.79 .T a,' a *...... ........ ..fl *"i the otter., his ditty'to tis cotntrv, himself, aod all that effi'cac n, was much intnirted for after his death, setle-
rsion were drank. Amongst others, we noticed the every lacility to the viewsiof the inthalhitants of Mfis- ie Iteri detr ; .dii in ever tre o ihse even temor of fnif years o. uc It i aq orunnuaicated to it e
following: souri; and there can be no doubt that every dis- his course-like his illustrious pattern, the immortal writer ftlhis article by the daughter-.i>Is. Letham,
1u EDNES.UAY MORNING, JULY 20 20, 185. The President of the United States--His adpmini.traiion position, which can b- cai ri...1 n ie efficient opera- Vashtinigton, preferring to anc as his conscience directed who i also been dead some years. It consists simtp-
S. will settle the. point that ani extended Reputblic is the best for the present and future benefit of his country; pur- Ivofr ie cominon blackber'ries, gathered when ripe.
CURT-MARTIAL and srongest government on earth.- tion, w ill be made to go., i n. to the enterprise suing lhat right line of policy based on lis country's Th ere putinto an oven, not very hot, to exhale all
.i .I. ,trril o ioement and Manufacnres--The great sonr- or citizens: '.. wellice, rather than listening to the suggestions of a the ot asture from tl'im ; and when quite crisp and dry,
ELEENTa DD\-Tu-T du, Juhl'. to cesof Nationat wealth, hand of real lndrepndeince. iSeim Bo.t, ,.;B ".r Bi.,', ] ia, 1825 faction, whose inordinate ambition only serves, in sob wiere r dnced to pow er, aind then kept in well closed
The Cowit a.seu blelt 2 o-'clhck. Amonerican Farn -he u alogists who find te : The ihabitaots ,.t Il... ,,,,,, their petitions measure,toaccount fortheir npinipled conduct. /tle \ ,e not inrmed wh quantity made a
Tedat ,ha e e.d root or eye re her bbarimn g seed--CaimsIsi wi conduct tir to Congressfoi h n itt i e'tht "e iosti iieasii rento iw e rnitt forde tac h id icirents ii tilt, hit ip i sh coil it te iare n at i sfr n bed xibs I qu utity ,ade a
,The prcei-*f tr a ai read., puo *d e to Cot.gress Ior i'...'i-,-...l to the inland trade with thte It is not by detached incidents in the history of a pub- dose nt tve olten it should be exhibited, but we are
The proceedings e yesterday having been read, Sprodn thtates. Ite [ tnternire Pr.oet d. ,i ohie.i. prayed, among other lie character's life, trlat we rnrn our opinion of hi ex- assue th tit operates as a powrftial and safe eniedy
the Judge Advocate. ommnnicatod to the Court. thuigs,or the ,, ihl,,r l i .i'uhtary post, at or near rcellence; but by tie whole circumstances when taken mechanic'ss Oracle
Iah- iAd-iatier esacressedibytii-e[together.(nOracle
that head transmuted die questions proposed yes- Thle Deti ,.it Gu,- tte states that the number of the place si .- A .. v.er is crossed by te together. In Mr. Clay's political course, we are some-
... ,_" -i .. -. '- caravans.i.. ....i i, I .t .. ....... The committee limes dazzled, but never sinprised. Every person o'f AEXANDRIAY SHIP NEWS.
terday by the Cour or he opinion of the Attorney emigrants whIuLh i1.e arrived, at that port, during of the S,.. ., il,.i m tie i"'.ii..,. Were referred, sound judgment bas some innate (if we n py be llow- A A.RRIVED, JULY 17.
General of the Unite Sites, and had received a the present t.ea tso, an y be estimated at 3,000. A deemed ti, -. '" In -a 'l-. Le.. i t.. lined taking ed the expression,) ideas of right and wrong; and ti' schr. Only I ulhter, Burrell, 'homaston, 16days; li
repy, from the Secrt ry of.the. Navy, enclosing considerable nuthber have also landed in other any egis i/l .... /.t : ,n tegron ccout r any line of polie pirsed by this disint- in,. o l,,h. i i Tt1 yo..
i.u n ehcir ''i oni thesLhoitth ei-'rrcorrectJui.course.andwe. iveilcitatthtsheony

.,i I t ake myself theIorg.an of te inhabitants: .. ...late c n i, I --v e and Co.
the letter of the Secretary to. thf Au.rtuney t.'5ne' ,it 50 per centatu. Si ce the ist.day of May, thtd Missouri, in transferring their rernest, for the post in dental question, and prognosticating, with a liberal., : SAILED,
ral, and the reply of the latter. In thii reply, the sales, of public lands, athe Land Office in Detroit question, fromi thle legislative to the.execultive branch hand, the ligation of lis constituents. But how Sloop Fannay, Mitelell, DBahimore,
Attorney General, after acknowledging tle receipt alone, was 4,.052 acressaand the value 60,319 dol-of the government, and play you to obtain the Presi- completely lhas the ase be reversede nd le has re-
of the questions proposed to him, de lined giving lars. COngiderable sales ave also been made at Very respectfully, sir, itvnur ob't.servant, wherever lie has stopped upon his route ; civic proces- t'ehrtl.er's Ingenuiy, Crowell hence,' at Phihdelphia,
any opinion thereupon, on the ground thas he was the Southern Land Office of the Territory. De- THOMAS I. BENTON. sions have been formed, and festivals have been institu- on hie 16 inst 5 days.
boun' b the Si-a ,1.t. H<1Ilon. Mr. BAtnour., Secretary of Wil. led for thle iman of thle people:-and finally, e he as had l, i 8 Olvi'.p.a, Souihier,neI'ce,ACr St. Thoias, as spoken
bound' by the Cu.nltution to give his opinions, troit itself is a gr.,w'ng pl ,c-; ,mand, at this moment, the protd satisfaction tf finding that his upright and 27Bh mult 2odaysout, lat. 19.. :i... 65,:t0
when called upon by the President of the United boasts of a theatre; a magician who ents fire ; and Dep.riment ofri., May 231, 1025. independent course had aliko won the gratitude and The Pioneer, Greenleaf, tic ,.. ,. Liverpool s d June for
States, or the Heads of D.part.n,.-ut;, for their, twomtenageries, the wild beasts in which are more Sm: Your letter of the 18th ofMarch, was not re- minqiti(ed approbation of his constituents. Here is h" llrt
t tes, ,t teaseived at this Department for weeksalter its date. Im- the end ofall the patriot's toils. As the representative iy- MUSEUM.-The Stockholders in the
guidance; but that lie could not, with propriety, attractive to the Indians than even whiskey. The mediatelyy on its coming to hand, aftur its contents were of the people, delegated with powers necessarily en- Stockof thie New Museum, are requet'ied to mee at Browns-
give opinions for the guidance of Courts Martial, crops are all good, and in a forward state ; and it communicated to the President, it vas referred to Maj, trusted to him for the people's good,-cafter his duties Hotel, 'Th-s Afternoon at fie o'cock. Business of imnpour"
since such a course would lead to a multiplication was said th.t some of the tables, on the 4th of July, Gen.Brown for thie purpose of aseeaining the practi- have terminated, e has the eIlest confidence that ohe taeceltt 1h esented for Ntheiro ;. e U ER, Seciy.
ability for complying wi)ith the wises of the people of has elicited the approbation and gratitude of his conu- July 20, 1325.
of the duties of his deparlineul, neither contem- would be supplied with bread of the present year's Missouri, to establish a military pot on tile Alkaunsas trvmen.-Suhi is Mr. Clay's enviable lot.
plated by the Constitution, nor' re uncileable to growth. A Gazetteer of Michigan is in the press, River, convenient to the route of tie caravans trading What aisttikingconrast appears between this volunti. THIRTY THOUSAND DOLLARS I
the proper duties whiich devulved upon it. anid may be expected to come out about the 1st of to MIexico. In performance of th-, duty assigned tihe ry tribute,given by the high-minded people of the West A few tickets in tu!e
As as the letter of the Attorney General next onh. General, he states that e hisaddssed letters to ir to tis distinguished mau, and the dark unhallowed ma- NEW-YORK LITERATURE LOTTERY,
As-so as the letter of the Attorney General next month. different officers of intelligence conimanding i quar- ligity of those whose only object appears to lay pros- (whi s ill daw this d) my be tid on ecv .lition
had been readCommodore Porter rose, and re- inVirinia recent liberated 88 ters enabling theTn to give the best ilformnation as to the irate their otherwise happy coutiy, and elevate them- TYLER'S rEMPL O FO U.E. Caial 'ie
quested permission to witdrw is objections to A in Virgiia recently liberated 88 object desired, by which he will be apacitated to ex- selves upon its ruins-whose constant exertions are di- $30000 ,737
the second arge and its sp o aogehe slaves, and paid their, passage to Liberia. fhis ecute the duty assigned hiu, and, without which, his in- ected to promote theobject of their own unchastened 20 f 1000
the second charge time and its peccruble tothe Curt. He munificentexample 6fbenevolence, which puts to formation is not sufficient to recommend the measure ambition. 15,000 20 of 1000
in order to save tim ad trole to the Court. He asked. So soon as this difficulty is moved, the sub- We could hardly, for the honour of our country, re- 10,000 30 of 500 &c.
be d the Court to bieve, that the objections shame the worry zeal of a thousand theorists in ject will be submitted to the Presiden for his decision. dit our senses, when e observed in the newspaper call- Whole tickets 11 shares io proporo.
whih had beenmil hadn't originated wi piety and philanthropy, has been followed by a The points on which information is wanting, ar'e the ed thie lleghany Democrat," printed in Pittsburgh, Jly2 --3t ---
reverend gentleman in North-Carolina, who has distance from the highest post noyw established to the (Penn.) an editorial paragraph, stating that the Editor
him, but wihh hisvCounsel. He had always felt a crossing place, and the facilities witl which supplies declined exchanging his paper with any other, advo- JUST RECEIVED
repgnance to this course; and he begged now to just liberated 11 of his slaves for the same put'- can be transported to the ost proposed, tIe number and caring Mr. Clay.-Alleeing, as a reason, that lie had Froh Philaddlphia, a Consignment of
pose. This voluntary mode of putting an end to character of Indian tribes-in that quarter, and what por- done so "under the fullest conviction, that no one who AIR T MATRASSES, donble and single, fot
be understood as hdrain the objections; andslavery ill we ope,find increasing proselytes. It ions of the garrsons no establish in that widely ld take his part, could bean honest uan.-We sale o the mostodateterns, for cash.
if.be Court would give him i miion he wo violates no rights, real or imaginary; it inflicts in- endedregion ad outry, eight sfey detached were at first in doubt whether the ravings of this unhap-
don to-morrow, scurite ii wrig te reas jury on no interests nor feelings; it displays a spirit terest. Your particular knowledge ofibe country will bit subsequent reflection tas led us to believe, that as 1 ver M t-, : MAHOGANY. .1EDSTEA
adoption of this-course. worthy of the freest people in the world ; and it enable you to give some information O this point- this hallucination has been brought on him entirely by STIRAM V MATFAIS ES
The Court.. hIlimang asserted to the request of oves toemostration tha whili particularly the three first. Any comntnication thereon his own folly,-our proper course is to leave him to that COTS, and other Furnitn're, generally found in a Commis-'
Com Porter, to r cei in writing his rea- oes o tat wile we a tenacious ch you ca conveniently make, wl be thankfully jnst punishment he has so esevedly consigned ged hum .sion ttoe.
sCommore i orler, rcti ons k w haon the subject of our own freedom, we are desirous received, self to, by his intemperate zeal in son worthy a cause. JOHN PEABODY.
sonsfor withdrawit hEs noj,,etions, asked at what of extending its blessings to all classes of the lihu- I offer you assurances of my most respectful consi- It is truly gratifying to find the ranks ofthat utiprin- Georg.town,.ly 18-cl -t
our he w ld be pepard with his cument man race, evenatthe sacrifice of some of our own and, on his stalinCthat Is rply would beready by personal interests. ', [n. TIAS H.BENTON, indignation, and the execration of every good citzen. '.ME AND CNANCE HAPPEN TO ALL,
10 o'clock, the Court adjourned until that hour The prospects of the Colony, according to the st. Louis, MtIisso'i. no [Louisana Gazette. who put dtmiel,si. r.s oy-a av,,ryeic,<,enrchne i cnow
"[Lui. [ siaa u o pered G ihieeli'u.s" ja-a 'i T l.by l't. clini ,,.
-.-morrow. -. I. latet,-tccomnrts, are 'flourishing ; and the treaty of Buenos Ayres papers received at Boston, men- ------- mie. i i.X -ETAIN o .,,s4' ...T
Tr ..... i- .. ... ..-... i ...! ..be fonn nd .... ,_ ." ...... 1. ;I .It... ,,1, ],t, ',, o t ... i-. .1..- -!- ... .- .l ,- ".- r T T- f -t T T T T) I. T? 7 A 1- 1' Z1'n1n.D' "'. l b> r '. d1J tn.EA! ;.-v draw F, .-1 r' I

one can remain long in Plattsburgh without sharing If any should incline to the opinionthat M;jor Lee warp, bt witm a a:y suspicion 1st tthe whale was.
: oo ich '.e i the y s h Utld ael uc' ive 1 or near : t n; it leaped f om theo I n ater, c d laid
"AT O NAhi '. OURAlT the pleasures of social intercourse with some vet ry inlged i ly a oss th e bo at, as it wer e in h in ik-
Sgreeable people. on : <1 s.e Xllc ,roduced it. and ey lig f d t. The boat's crew diseutanged tthem-
etters ri~ .. .n / .m k 1Ofl the trade and resources of this vQ.lage, it m ust l.,'l to r ,<:'e,.'t aiv n:,; ..;;r ilte 'li gs of n n, a' l -elves t. e welcome e visier ; aitd took to the ava-
Letters rten on a our the vc uty o e be sai, tht hitherto its prosperity ha s been sound- eutr c'. istiiy hi t e has "dhere C t tro i, a't t. : l ied ai s the bot about two
Champlain, Sc. ed upon factitious causes. The station of an ntrY pp)ears car,' irl o am -;.:ne niotihing o, douhbtftul ',e- s mitutev.. hen s: ; a ff, tail fo emtost, tito the ocean,
T T E III generally calls around it a sufficient number of mer- mii.es. A spirit < ..nudour preNs ils lhriiglioiout and -a k. ',x boat wn, left by the whale up-
LE TTER III. chants and tradesmen to supply the waits and ab- lit- strictures. T iT. ':.!i he visits the cnemy t" his side ... the i.:-., with gr, at lubour, gained hier,
\ Pi\TTSBURGst, MAY 13, 125. sorb the money wnich the officers and troops muit !father with ,lerit claEti;en>t, ih, seem- not and pl;1 .'i.selit I her bottom. It was with
Dear C. IIaving to remain here a day two necessarily expetnd. But when ttht tempo r, only willing, bitt tiitc I, to dlo alti! j stice to mnch d; they .,, Ittnemselves il this unsafe re-
previous to going on my tour into the ierior, source of profit retires, it must be sensibly fet. Tie a i tTit reat, e p,.c eery ;mtt ent to hei swt. atwned toi ,n
as the gentleman who is to accompany mt ,annot merchants had turned, their attention to lamib.,r. service. i ho wT e r cf this dues not regret th five Iflig vin they el le hepiily relieved hv a boat
make it convenient to leave here before T /rs~ay, and have hitherto traded largely in that article in occasion which i.iate rise to these stricttes. whii h distve t them' at a. lisiace. Two of thle crew
I will. apply part of ny time in giving yo a rnore the Canadian markets, previous to the completion roused the energilts of a writer, who is excelled by badly cd by hong on to the boat, and one
minute account of this place thainl have one in of the Champlain Canal, and since that peri d to no one in his country on historical subjects, and severely ot, by a stroke, front the whole. The
mry former letters. Albany and New-York. This, and pot atd pearl las placed mn -.y interesting facts on record, which whale rose on ,- second or third day. It was about 80
Plattsburgh is situated most delightfully, n each ashes, form the staple commodities of the place.- eight have been lost. HUM feet long. AlEh,,) this account is not so calamtions
side of the river Saranacat its entrance in Lake But while merchants have thusenriched themselves. / ats miglt huiave hbr, et it shuovs the hazardous nature
Champlain. The village is irregular, and n bhaid- the mainspring of prosperity has been neglected. Greece.-It is wihi -:eat satisfaction that we of the business f i.kiing whales, and iwe have often
somly built. his irreglarity is oeasi y Agriclture, this vicinity, has by no means publish the following i. fiom Zaute, May ,giving wondered that tal accidents do not occur to
S somely built. lThis irregularity is occasi fu,, ny ginu tr, n i vicu 11 f led ^ ,t of tihe sccessfl ope- those engaged in tl; oiisiness. The bo-it's crew con-
the running of the streets along the bank the i- kept pace with the growth of the village. Although a detailed andl tt co it of the an s veders sisfed those engaged i. P unmer, Daniel NoonTn, S ephen
ver, which is very crooked. TIhe numberofitih in a new county tlumbering and the manufacture t southns of tI G reek We ti ve th n Egyp eat i corn- Clark, Johnss Russell, nC. ln Stpphen arkn, r.Stephenl
bitants in the town, is about three to four tl usan&, of potashes are accessary to clearing thie land-as "in thu t the shio urki.a. w er will e a foufi- Clark, af Rssell, ter remainihe in of te boat or soe
The church is very large alnd commnous and a the straight and clear timber is converted into spars dnime ant filly overiinown. Tuihe inutlligence of the time, attempted to swini to t' shoie; but afer pro-
.spacious Court-House and jail, with eveiy other ir eamis, while the remainder produces aslhes for discoinfiture of thi Egyptian Pachia on thie on side, ceeding about a quarter of a. iltr, Utding lie could not
S convenient appendage to a prosperous village, add. nothi-yet, if agriculture does not advafice in a and ofRescntiu Pachia o1 tle otier, las reached us thiro' reach hei shore, lie returned lto tle bot, andh took lis
16 the consequence of the place. / equal ratio as the forests recede, the profits are but 'so many channels, and with such tninuteness, partictl- (orinter position among his snitreing l .'i.-n i, Befoe
\ any very valuable mills are plipelled by the temporary, and are in no train to re-produco them- larly the former, tnau we cannot entertain a doubt on he left the hoat, lie shook hands tiilt all hins asso' iates,
water of the Saranac ; and vast quantities of lur- selvestin the ordinary operation of nature. Pros- the subject. The Bouton Dauly Aldvertiser, which re- expecting never agiin to see them. The person who
ber are carried. from them to'maiket. The perity, in such cases, is individual, and not general. publishes these details r t Pat is papther of te tht of relieved therm, was Captin Joseph Wass, of the itot
village labours under the inconvenience of a mo- The'nmerchant gains his profit, his labourers receive Jne, thie latest reteicv, says it is ifutler stated that Star, by whose assistrboue tr.e whale as owed into
-, -uopoly, in this respect, as all tile mill situations are third wages,.anud the land has lost its wood, with- th Greeof fleet had bttced the fEgyptian, hi the wa- Prse pect Harbour.
Sowned-by-onemndvidual,who holds privileges at so..hbeing putn..a tramorp orducng furtlier profit veral transport vessels, and Itaid d high a rate, that enterprise is.-nuch damped, and on capital exerted upon it. A great number o'f Anotheir account says that iutllis, after a battle uf book worm, is a description of thle celebrated Italian
the advantages of the place but partially called into men are employed in cutting, floating, and binding eleven hours, near Suda, took eight Tu uksh vessels, lagliabechi, given in a letter 'rom Lord Raby, to the
action. A fine fall of water pours over .the dam together the timber; in burning the wood for the and burnt and sunk thirteen others. T'm orn three ac- g S a
but a few rods further tp than the bridge which production of potash, in the remaining operation ; counts confirm the defeat of Renchid '.,ba. princess Sophia olEngland.
connects the two portions of the village. Below the hnd in carrying both to market. To these men [.,N. Y. Com. dv. Mons. Leibnitz had desire me to make his compli-
.dam, und near the Lake, very fine salmon are large sulims of money are paid, but in few instances [oNAN tIsuS-Z Ate, iay o. P hilosopher, who did me sthe honor t o carry me all
Sought in abulndance, from one of which I have do these expe ditures re-produce themselves by Pieat corr'espwewe- Igave yon in-Zne ofmy red. over his little ouse which was adorned wit carry the same
$. r '-dined this day. Indeed no fish can be finer than .being applied to agriculture ; they merely su port in letters all ith b mais of tl ente'.pris,. of ti Egy 'iu iln furniture, of double and treble Rows of bound books
t7 those taken iu this Lake, and time rivers that empty the men, and are expended by them. Thus th. sooth of thu rse, to te 9 of Atd, i.l i i" in the sid's, and strewed within unbound ones on the
into it. 'The largest salmon I ever saw was caught labours of those/persons are. beyond the im.nedi- E,1f1. marked yo hi, ..1 ... ..;... h...t de o'tiu, otwiih' (lloor, so that one saw nor touched nothing but Books,t
near the mouth of the 4usace-full three times ate object ofei tela, unproductive ; like water pour- stPding certain pt ....,. ti ..--.. e, hiu as a philanthro- Even his little dirty staircase was strewed and piled up
the size of those commonly taken in the St. Law- ed upon the ground. This has been too much the sir. After avi burnedthe village of lies, ic with books. His three rooms above stairs were ador-
too mrw ucuuim,. itc had been ibandoft d )V ltie inhabitilln s 'it ls a p troauh, li ei b. t hrsn e I omnPr an ll hiosbddi was ihee uilut-
rence. The pike is also very delicious, and is the case in this place, and consequently the farms a prt epared to maircil ovard,timnking, as he lad o Iar -:eeed ed i the same manner, and allnis bedding was tIle ui-
same fish known in Canada as the poison d'or : few in comparison tto the expectation one would edh lie should ftin before him nohin;i but Bedouina and Nu- bow;)t tb';olks, on which he lay, with a slight Run or
shad is plenty, and many other kinds, which a gour. f>rm, from the appearance of the village-for I binU, lie tihug:t to be able to tkit N's a, i. a ce k for Cover o throw over his Fest ; otr ne never pulls off his
mand would be able to enumerate: I cannot. always judge by the aspect of an inland town, of He had sealing ildersnadhe toartu u bya snaul, snli d e:.ires- e i saw him ios Daogeenes could be, and as vain in hist
Of all thle military who were formerly stationed the-country in its vicinity. If the former is thrifty ted ihe expedition to Colonel S.ive, a enegdo, mt lh,, bear extra rdminaj v orld Way of Living as that Grecian was
here, but ore officer and one soldier remain. Ma- and busy, I conceive that the latter is fertile and i;ntie o' ol niman. As to I it P heemy is adan dob ias grethat as he other's
jor Halsey has charge of.the government property, well cultivated ; and vice versa. some Europ an mgiabongds, and l'ullowi d by pionee-s plan d could hlie, since there is scarcely any Book extant int Eu-
whichis of considerable value. Hie resides in the Plattsburg is, however, destined to flotuisli. Its under thle ordeisoi ccerini euineeis, who do not muerir thi- rne that he hasnotread,anJ cangiveyou a particular ac-
Sgovernment house, is one of the most gentlemanly, situation is most advantageous. There is much Ime, h an who it is ut f m, tines so atyumcqnuaede saa el viiu cwi f I ased hint fier m, Eglis Book in folio,
Shospivtble men you can inagine,and has an amiable good land in its vicinity, and agriculture must in- these adventurers. but it is now certain thatthey received n" ihieh hI s id he had, and wouki show me; so, taking
r Ind interestirtg family. I visited' at his residence re- crease. Besides, the resources of thlie country are dif' erre a 'oitinn mt to ,ti,, in folii, hle bad me thurst my arim in as
d+ lk li'tra I Fach1, having arrived before Navarin, profited fil" as I eol!(, which I did. and brought out the book
p.,-.;..,, during f' l' former stay here, and have scarcely known, and have not as vet enjoyed the y he d night ke his separation" foran o.h- f ol o the book
walked with him this morning over the fort which proper development. The people are eniterpris- sault, on the success of which he dt'pened.l so much, that in asked hih was very siuriinp that a Man of
once defended us front an invading enemy, but ing and industrious, and those qualities are impor- aiste' teller adde to s, hue l uon ed ssh rsi t ano of
w h n n n Tl tint, without lesiatimt, that the conutlest oh the Penopnuesueis ti tge shortld. have so great "tnt, nuory, to direct mnit so
which is now in ruins. The emnbankments are gra- tant elements in lthe constumnmalion of prosperity. ,as at haind-on which account r.joicings were madc at soon to the Book I mentioned, considering how many
ually falling away, and the ditches filling up with The scenery from the shore is peculiarly heauti- Sm yrna and Cons;antinnple. T'ii Greeks, informed f tile thousands he had, which seemed to be all scattered a-
:sand. Still, at a distance it looks warlike, and bears ful. Crab-Island and Valcour are on the right, and dogs (f tr enemy, ntt'elluld Ii to advance, pre-imginble. This pu
J" some testimony of what it was ; particularly on a vista between them allows the eye to stretch up uponlieba barianst.... 1.. reachleid thp Irapet.'i nano ilue in mind to tell hin that f had heatdthe QOieen,
Sunday, when the Major makes a practice of hoist- the lake, without finding land to rest upon : in niteo the terror ... '-... cannon were loaded wit; your Daughter, talk of him at her table with pleasure,.
ing the star-spangled flag, on the staff at the en- front is the scene of (lie naval action of which I cti"at Ife. It';, Ie 1 t oeely she d tios asscai Bind ;parliculrl.v mnientioniug the seeing disorder rf his
Stance of the principal fort. Near the main forti- spoke in my last, beyond which lie the fertile shores him with ilcir defeat. At the foot of le ramparts vwerc ; at at soetines, to comn at those he atute,
fiction is another, rather in advance, which is very ,f Grand Isle, ove, topped by the far-off rampart more 0than tur hund'ed Egyptians, nioes, au smmae' he I as obliged to grobie to the bottom of those which
killed or si uggliig wilh demuhb, fr the iturks were not able lay ou the floor, and t come at then, was forced to stand
Smuch:defaced, as the sandy soil, of which the em- of the snow-crowned Mansfield. On the left, t take awa, any of their wounded, almost upon his head in his books, as a Duck of-
bankments are made, soon crumbles down. At stretches a beautiful bay, from the mouth of t The Dm'ha Ibialin, furious at this defeat, orIered a se- ten does mn the Water. This pleased hiin infinitely,
S, rl a halfa mile from the fortifications, a fence, Saranac; closed in by the narrow headland so tile I t toi li as ster
, ivwhlich thme ft ceka sne IC l~ were tilpItuig'to celebrate witl suitable si,.
.. ,j made of pointed posts, driven into the ground close well known as Cumberland Head. From this shore solemnities During the nighn, Anagnostaros, who occu-
.to each other, with occasional apertures for mus- to Cumberland Head, the bay is about two miles pied the Islind of Sphacteria, with seven hundred muen, sent a The ensuing description of singular edifices, is taken
e :' -r still remains. This was intended as the in width, and one in indenture. A ride from this FoHdl relCm it IS' ao te grnis if that Pac front the account of an embassy sent,in 1463, from Hen-
'.f -.... N ot, aete ul-,M ssedithe fveand place round the bay to the Head-is delightful, the landed a realt tirt of their marines and soldiers, and tile ry 8, kig of Castile, to T.artary.
-h---- ie fortificatiuns, i the Avw. Not far road in summer being oin the hard sandy beach. Turks having made a furious attcl, wer received by a well And without the said town were two towers, as high
ept at ire, amld very few escaped tme curl'age. These ywho
havoc was made by a detachment of our militia, farm which s in full siht, given by the tae o} .l -pft,, r t..-IVer1 ^ttd became au thr a s ma of clay autd t's
aTmiog a party of the enemy who had crossed the Vermont to Commodore M'Donough, in testimony me silo rough te -tar .al e.. ecises, carry bags filled ground; and the heads of which thie tors were made
Sarac at the fording place, some distance above of his henint services, performed in sight of the arl'oed n t u1u le b utlicinu t ice ti is hnue ssse uf somIe tr ibes called White Turtanrs, wiho
cried for quarter. The America s, being raw nui- I had almost forgotten to say, that I have found "Hlrahit, convinced thit it was impossible to attempt a Now, when Tamerlane departed from Sebastria, which
trl misnat teuim the sie,p', hv tausig thirete haterties to be hie hid entered, an el c o D utuascus, uhih when le
/, litia, and. not hearing plainly the'call T-fur quarter, here a rustic Mlartinnant.* Fotquet's house, where ti-rid ssii, b`''gaf th b r batires he had entered, and usent to Dunasues, which wen he
continued firing. A British officer stepped front I now stay, is positively the most comfortable I i' lhat al each mighi have been made in three das; a nd givin t rac people
the ranks, and displayed a white handkerchief on ever fell in with in the country. He is a native of ane of the rons beiug broken, thalscaling might have been ;auton battle, overthrew them, and took many
thucessful. A decisive attack was an ticitiated, but athu of them prisoners, whom he sent to the land of Damno.
the point of Iis sword, as a signal If.surrender.- Canada ; a custuiier magnifique, as au fait in the Hellenian garrison, which was now twelve hundred men gan, that they might dwell and multiply therein, as the
TIhe signal was, not understood, auld a deadly fire science of the palate, as possible. He wears a red strong, without sulferiingthemselves to bediscouraged, habeur- said land was thinly peopled. Whereupon they travel-
was poured.in upon the devoted en my. fhe offi- toque or bonnet rouge, after thie fashion of a maitre ed ('tta so tI h success during the night, that they filled led thither, and gathering themselves together, lived as
cer then lifted his hat upon his ,sw d, which was d'hotel of France. He is very accommodating, Working ght atd dy,i hep built casnemeuts, ath city they used to do in the fields and as soon as they hd
again disregarded, and he was sho dead. Not un- and a great joker. So piquant do I find his jokes somed an pect of delence, which seemed impossible, by the all united, as it were, into one body, they wished to re-
til most of the elieiny -were killed did the militia and his dishes, that I advise you to call, should yout activity of ie Christins who were again to conquer by hem turn to their own country ; iipon which they set them-
understand what the signals m.-ant .anud mit'y view- come out, and also give your friends a hint to that ed nst en t s after in these me forces of selves torob to ravage whatever they found, i their
...' ed their slaughtered foes with 'ore than usual effect. ty that U celebraed te funeral of John Mouro-ichais. "'a and proceeded as far they as cold towards their
compassion, whose lives lid been w icrificed tu an Until return f nt e wrote I fe his death a touching letter to his father, his home. But being still near the said city, they were
compassion, whose ives had been crificed to an unti y return from the interior, I leave you as relationsal his friends. overtaken by the host of their Lord, Tamerlane, which
S error. 0u the spot wbh-e this inc' ent took place, ever, yours truly, E. V. S. The 2 of Ap il, eight thousand Greeks, sent by the Sen- routed them, and killed the as many as there could be
I is a filne rwrith of shrub-oaks, of vtnich very fine 3r.Martiomant istheleseeoftheMontreal mansoHouse, ate, alpelaidonthe surrounding munttins; Ithe were cAnu- fon
walking sticks are made. I pi'rocud a couple, for the most genteel establislhneniti, Montreal. Huisgetlnanlile "lcu byaCoIstutiell But rn 'i, w 4h d etia Mmefrso- dl a n the id lu te, that wlsone ac-i
toe a d e p or tm e n t a nd ssicu h o u s at te iui otio t im th et I nul u o f S tra it -
the sake of the sot her the deprt t, ad assiduous attention to tthof the spot where thet groeh, a l e heousnd, wrri, i, from ad pnse-rea c orol bt m tue id tlum e, wihone war Tla ner c he,
hve heard the story of the i cidunts that oc- sanst n advantageous situation for the traveller. Alhou h rld shtl i'ute rn e ohturt s u Botzaris, as f id several cp- and another of clay. And, moreover, Tamerlahne
S' -. t red, when this place was bel gered by Sir Iti is ver'v well known throughnlut lie Uritei States, I cannt i a caused it to be proclaimed, that whoeverook a White
SGeot' Provost, told by thosi, wl went through ain f come1g hisi hi ose ito travels rot I te sg but it a a lt O i f Tntar prison, should kill him wh eer ight
tnost'ii times at : soth, tis thmt : v.tict I hmae i-joyu um atenft, rIeceiv ethu elis eue Oeg u piedt It s' hu hsIl- Ints,e ti h tuungof r s i na. ti be, at in so it w is done ; For thus troops, on hIt eat-
tois -times a ul t vicissitudes, which ie d the courage c1d more attention, n, and been better sattisficA'd thatn il at, 0y 0 The derllis ere ocu1 r ied by ti'e Heclhlnians, anll i passages pen to be, and so it was done; for the troops, on heir-
of mien, amd ihe fortitude of fe'oales I have hearrd with which I have met. elv s i h ,,i t, thir hands. Th tis the Tuik.sh atiny fIundihem- i ng this order, wherever they went killed as many White
an eye-witiess describe those heart breaking scenes Greeks. 11 ainlis keeps uhe sea wi th tvei ty-lr vesses. Hehere were
of distress whlih are consequent dpon the attack [For the National Joit ial.] andedat N va in with einitocement of Islanders from to e un along tle road, in one place 10,
Inpsta and pezzia iii another 20, in alnot her 30 or 40 dead bodies ; iii
of a town, among the weaker portions of fimi- A carcful perusal of Lec's Strictures upon John he C ..- .......... ante, wishinmto reconnoitre which way, as the Tartars say, more than '0,00 were
lies, from whom the husbands and fathers had son's Life of Gricne, has induced mie to form a Ic iustem i' u v rt ri' ek and Ttrkish arhis' k]ihed. Andt the peopleof this city declare, that many
torn themselves, to join 'he scanty forcewhich we very high opinion of tIhe tents of" the writer. The vess eln d au eat i hic ti Tn a ;s a, times ding the night lights are seen around the said
had to oppose to ten thousand. disciplinedveterans. circumstances which called forth these strictures. un kill' d anili masv wounLded. The affair was not general; towers.
t cannot contemplate the situation of wonen under are well calculated to make a deep impression i no' the Gseeks lo ot ceae- tim lmsrass the enemy, swho iwet'e ui i'
such circumstarces-amid all thu doubt and fear every generous mind 1ii iroustpartsurroundtled and redaued to a tldese.it.e defence. The following interesting relation is fiom the me
for themselves, their sons, their husbands, their lov- The high renown of Colonel Lee fills some of res. The m eill is te hst thie Tur ks. Greece i tut of ie Gel is. M de Rouefort
I-s, oritme free and 1.idpundent; i t s fint re glory is imnmense.- <"lauglt of thi Ma is of St. Pouten a sister of Ma-
ars, o"i their anildrenn-without rt-flctingliuw many the fairest pages in the history oh ilos country; iy \Ve litter ourse'hes tlhe hisori'n of Ite R. generation uof dame de Belincour, entertained an affection for her
with machingd earth and gter-dinme ie te vcrflowed bravery and military talent, he was excelled by no i'tecem, will cosecrame to ns some of his pages; the niobhl. cousin thie Count de Rochefort, and was beloved in ren-
leith mingled fear and gmicf i thse days f t rou- tune of his grade, i thle war which: secured ur in- dead imm**.a ami o-Miai laus, is w ort to be recorded uith itt m, but was compelled by her father to take monastic
bleon e very spot shre Indow it, hile dependence. No one encttuteredJ greater dangers, gdy o' ate repiesenhtd at the tdraIre of Andros.s.
ve sT h. p e p pp ess r was more distinguished ftor sutccessfill enterprises. vWe orm ac.\'.ed thau tn1. 1Utie, infornmf ifthe ,!de;sns of hatpy during the t .o firsfyears of her pr ofession, but
W' the b ge was tee ost otly cntested point. His lofty spirit sought distinction by deeds of herot- ilsehett Alu yP.tlah,ofrfoin ig an indelendent st,>i,.hu;, eypti, at last became. perfectly resigned m to her .t e; she was
,et isho top ched int. the town, the ism and devotion to his country" th" wold ao o" grat ari.M b oreig ower is accused by the Forte thirty years old when arrived at Orrigny,and an excel.
hmilitia sho had, cted as outposts retreated be oteued t'irtflushable fante, in the best days of ,,,,m dmatuh i-sli to the v'metImnis iio ur' n Enylht- t eitur, utspon tns eoftendoferlh ser,madame
them; and, crossing the hnridge, took up the planks, Greece atd Romep The memory of this distin -}tat theii' r bas Ilunnt has beaen exacte t s v e e f th e i teir oh litt derly,and fio whom
;1S they retrogaded. This was a difficult task. ished and tlritoriosni vizier's tdelily. We are assured that very senous trouble. once a year she received little presents, wvl;n:h deliht-
WIen the enemy arrived opposite the bridge bu. gret injustihceby Judie Joins'o 'tr ieedt ih e ihle it mit tul- hno mmmu :uu iihi tis Led the i nuus-, half of the planks lu been removed, and tie r Greo. t tbl tact its atration in ihe south o'the orea, is also onm mielt Ierm all s0rs of worh elone it the tre andt perfect io
manderwas dont e under a galling fire of v usketr a ci vor to ,e mli- w ut elation wit ile sige 0 aatras. Count Adost i her a ifhout relor done int the care and perfectionf tat C t Ad
by which one officer ad sgvralling fire o' uskltr 1 y character of Colonel Lee, were withheld, Metaxa, who is at Gasiouni, comiiues to prepare bi-cui frn a of which lnuns alone seem to be capable. Mulaaome de
On the hhillabove ffice bridg Sev r and eom ahdie'e kl. oers were mwi relesented, and some I.lngs were hads.tndo 1s,000 gnn who sn pit Iedy a rsee b ed i uoche t nmade me promise that when I went to Paris,
contineltl above thuos bridge, an itcet ig is stlaoi against hmin, withoutt the semblance of truth. The e,,eut oa rather the murderer of Churistians Bar- r would requestt Madam de Belincoure to de -and per-
w cottnpletely out bt-oops posted a piece of trtihlery, otnetl Lee, with most of his ctnnatriots, h-d (thod,,, meily ihtuhhlloh' the E[aghlish Consul'ttin t ue uttruis, fio f I heI'lctoi to e
derrb avoc'among the enemy, whens-ft the stage of hut-mauna, amid Jer s stied lately it Leptunto, i t hoturrible stne' s"e. A drcdul apm- "'it of her health to pass three or four mUtnhs with her

a detachment attempted to cross on the string Johnson eid ot kos, u tamt lters lived ap soigeplexyv ias ,'eetilaunnith reio this wicke',i man. r .tiunily; that is to say, with her beloved sister-a ier-
Spieces of the bridge. Detachments of our militia was amnlely quEalified t o li a sont wtuti et "'l s sruath complete siate anarchy t.-riT e partisai.n mission sldomt refused to a person of the age ad sta-
i. were posted in' the mills non the southeast sde itof the his anoutrd afatieer. to in irSe nt er tist, 'i thie oTt o et e. lt, is m e lth e O n ne tion of Madame de Beincour and for pesns no were
river, po did much annoying action upon the should hL g, ond hs dest eyed tI ehe in plesnumutip e to thu tirone-- to longer young. I found leans to interest M.anmd
enemy from these positions. Considerable part ot ,Col. Lee's mih Iritut recun, 'et the meorde ials of This hes.conwhoasedipscoin saeman Madame de Be incouir, in favor of i admiuesde Roctie-
the towu was burnt, andt many of the houses bear. annals of lis coturyt 'e. wne reshould h in tho A -y fort, and (dthey ehiuinvited her to cotme.-Shet, patssedy four
atthis nmoIent, marks of the work of destrnctio. :hat no An icao could pass over tle theatre ofi.s noerFishStory.-On Monday, the 20th of June, and happiess ; Bht i o. de BelilOU, one day carried
ehavitg m en perl orated by lte shot front the diflr- brilliaut services, ,without calling them to mind a wning coplds tuny, dat Prospect Harbour, it the toavu Ier to the house of y oing peausantu girl named Nicole,
itadrties- a^ fG o m consciousness that then ave ele o Ghlsoroagh, dtiscosvered a whale oi the Harbour, who he hd given asav in marriage four years before.
he urbanity andt feeling a conospitality of tscious peopleess that they gave elev a- atd went in pursuit of uit. They soon got within a Tlhis picture of thie rustic union aind perfect felicity oh
Platsbiirg have been well known for maiy yearsople of standtois too n character. The re t nation of Lee opera distance, and fastened to the n ster of the Nicole, in the midst of her happy family, antd surround-
PlGaity and sburg cial pleasure wei rekn formerly yearomoted Johrison-it couldn't be reached by the shafts o deep, secundumt artlem. The 'whtle, not well pleased ed by her three infants, aud her youug husband, and
baiety nth e large number of United Sfomites' ry icernot stda- when so-it c ould nt be cnsideiret as i dange, with time uncivil salutation, made thie best of its way out her father and mother, recalled to the tuind of the nn-
by tihe lmrge number of Uinited tt, oriers stta- wien it every other A enrican it fimuds a dfein- to sea, propelling the boat by the force of the warp fortunate nuni her first love;and lhonesof huapiness one
t'ioned lust-s whose intler-oturre wieith Ibo ato,,nt,,I-- -~'~" in" ,t U~.....et taIs rt.

habitants made .the society Ipeasant andnuro.-f rr-. s b tas t ended to its body. After proceedinIg, in ihis unom n- beyond return! And while every one was contemipla
Since the removal of ts y pesai and nume ., a jot Lee has not only vindicated the character portable situation four or five mitles, thle animal became ting with pleasure that interesting spectacle-she faint-
an thesmal the -military, their old friends of his ttherL, but he has visited the assailant will \veak fromI loss of' blood, and the company then ihaul- ed. The thought was to her a death-wound-she fell
suamong the cities often lament the loss they have retribuive justice. Errors in matters of fact are elin the warp, in order to get within a proper distance rapidly into a mortal consumption, and never re-
ti i, 1 comparatively small number of detected an to throw the lances. They inflicted repeated wounds, turned to her convent! Her father, hio, Idoubtless
hmpt e a'tndcirle. Yet the spirt of fomer times gamr, andof the most ord violation f itil the huge creature seemed entirely exhausted. and fo r his piuisinnent, still lived, came to carry his dying
s not etsocial irled with those spirit who sh red i timed no position anof te st ordiry rues of ct snk to the botl of the ocean. After witiing the daughter itinto Attvegne, to an estate. where, shortly
has not retired with tho who shared it i ad no position, ate occasionally noted in thi t strictures, usual time for the body to rise, they hegan to haul in the after, she expired in his arr

LFor the NationaliJournai.j
On attend,
Vo li 'er Itou iart, wvhm these delights can touch.
\\'hose candid bosom the refining love
Of' nLure walals..Oh listed to my song ;
.\ ,d 1 will lead thee to her favorite walks,
And teach thy solitude her voice to hear,
And point her loveliest features to thy view.-AKENSIDI
I love to wander o3 a summer's mnoru,
Just as bright ol ;ipon otn mother earth
Imparts his rays it warm her dewy breast.
*V m *
To where the plo.igh-boy whistles o'er the plaint
Clann'd with tht pleasures of his imiInilile lot;
Or wnIere the pine, the monaich of the wood,
Looks do'nt, in grandeur, %n the pigmy group
Tliht rounal iltbot him bow bencaili his frowns
Myl rap. ur'd fancyv bids me to repair:
And when I waneler, hIt me, .too, bnt gaze
Upon the spot where flowers spontaneous grow,
Nurb'dl by ile kindness of Aurora's hand ;
And let my ears-cars which are never deaf
To heavenly n.nsic's sweet, enchanting sound-
Be fi:it 'd ih notes soft as the voice of love :
Or where the lark, with wide-extendid wings,
Rises to HeaV'n,a d showsher yellow breast,
A itf to kiss, or hail thle rising sun,
Pourt forth her songs to animate her young,
And fill their tender breasts Mith notes of joy:
Or wIhere the whistling partridge swells Ilis throat.
And tells his tale unto the listi'ning vale,
And the poor dove in plaintive notes deplore
Tie loss of his departed, dearest, mate;
I too must rove and rest me for a while.-
I J.:sic fir some has charms-for others none :
'I he blLk-bird's melody- hlie sparrow's chirp-
Thile lively inmo king-bird's eiignginig notes,
And the hoarse ie makingg of the ill-urmed frog,
All charm alike the unpoetic ear-
I would not have an ear that would not hear
Tie voice of music, wheii in solitude :
I wou d not lav fte e'/e-ihLat.,wo'uld not dwell
On Nature's works w.th wonder and delight :
I would not have ;a tongue that would not speak
What irfason dictates, and good sense approves--
But amongg my wand'rings let me not forget
The thoughts thatstrike met on t.e river's shore,
Whene'er I chance to muse an evening there-
To look a nimoment oil tihe rolling Wave,
in all its pomp, and majes:y, adn, miglt,
That beats ;.gains: the rock, and then rebounds;
It tells me life is but a fea (tiul dream-
The li title bark wiich on its bosom rides,
Fearless andtcalai, as if but sporting there',
Shows me how man rides on the sea of life,
As if no danger hiver'd o'er his late.
'Thlie little bhark, 'tis true, may glide along,
1ann'd by the winds that play atontg its sails;
The happy crew may sing dheir clieerful songs,
And make e'eii Neptune hide his gloomy brow,
But still a moment may destroy them all-
The calm blue sea, convals'd by angry winds,
May, with gigantic, fury roll its waves
Against its infant strength, and dash it into
Atoms-lte helpless crew, by its restless powv'r,
Borne from the human sight, are known no ore,
But sleep beneath the waves on which they once had tode.
But man, proud man, unmindful of these fears,
Ma\ pass through life without a moment's pai :
Until the fell destroyer of his race
Marks him as his, and slays him as his prey-
Oil dien he falls, a warning to mankind,
Wreek'd on Time's ocean, like the little bark!
These are the thoughts of meditation ;
Thoughts that to every breast should be endear'd,
And kindle feelings of the purest kind.
Life is a shadow Man is but mortal!..
Sometimes, a viper to his only hope,
Ht aimt his venoin at the virtuous heart,
And sells the jewel from the virgin's breast.
God offers pardon to his guilty sou I,
If to repentance he will bow his head;
But heads can' bow when hearts remain untouched :
Bitt, let him recollect, though said it is,
That on hib io: ehad are ensgrav'd Iese words-
Dust art thou, nutit, to dust slalt thou return."
These solemn words-the words of God to man;
That God before whom worlds are but specks,
And haughty monarchs, in their rich attire,
But mere woi an, tyrannic, kingly, wornits,
Loaded with guilt, with .infamy and sin-,
Tell to mankind the course they should pursue,
Ere tld last trump, whose hoarse, tremendous soand,
Louader tl:min thunder, will convuelse the eartI,
Break open graves, and call the dead to life-
4 4
Were I HERACLITUS, whlo often wept
For mankind's sake..I could not feel the more.
The heart that cannot feel, must curse !
The soul that has no friend, must perish!
Ieaven once wept itself; anti with is tears
O'erspread the earthll and drown'd the human race.
Save himt who was tihe tenant of the arlk,
And spread deep desolation o'er the earth;
Creating rivers, that the lofty pine
Might ride upon their bosoms and convey-
''he wealth of nations to far distant worlds,
Wlein'er another race should spring to life:
Tearing the bowels-ofourt mother earth,
And sweeping them with vengeance yet unfelt,
Until they rose and swell'd themselves to mountains.
roman wvheni e has sprung thy majesty, oh ALPS ?
Front whence, ihou APPENINES andlPynFENNEES,
Didst thou receive thy bitrh ? 'Twas friin Heaven;
It wept, and forni'd thee witli a flood of tears,
Which fell :o drown mankind, and sin destroy.
Alas! 'twill never weep again No, never,
But will an anger kindled into fire,
Will lay waste kingdoms, and o'erthrow
Mountains which stand as wonders of the age.
S 4 *
Man, man! thoun imut die! fhe debtofnature
Remains unpaid The armn that boasts ofstrength
Must moulder into dust, from whence it sprung.
Diamond s must loose their lustre-wealth its idols-
Kings their hrones ; and -atons vanish into nought..
Ilhou may'st boast of life-the iunect too
Can arrogate a little name like this,
Whe n glitl'ring i llthe sunshine of delight-
B;it i lhoiui'rt no insect. No! Not hIalf so happy
trMan lives to suffer, Insects live no more.

Singular Lelhargy.-Htfeeland, the celebrated phy-
sician, has caused the following article to be inserted
in a Berlin paper of the 23td ofFebruary :-" The pub-
lic prints, lately spoke of a retnarkable lethargy, which
has las ed for some tie6 That or a young girl of *
Nedeback, in lYlstphalia, may be counted still more
astonishing, it aving lasted 451 days. As this seems
to bc more frequent thIan formerly, I took it upon me as
an imperaitive duty to recall to mind thle elects of gal-
vanism, which is certainly in such a case the most efli-
cacious remedy, of which I had positive proof in a case
in which I was concerned twenty years ago at Berlin.
A young girl, 20 years of age, had already passed six
weeks.in a sleep-like death. It was with the greatest
difficulty that shIe was made to swallow some thIin grueL
1Her pulse could hardtlly be felt. All manner of exter-
nal irritation had been applied, in vain; at last I had
recturse to galvanism-at first it had little effect, but one
ofthe conductors having been placed on thle pit of the
stoniarhI, aind tlie other in tlIe left ear, in about two ini-
tnUcs her face, which till then had been pale, colored--.-
her eyes opened, the young ,girl sat upright, and pro-
nonuced the word" father." She has since perfectly
recovered hter activity, and the lethargy has not again
retuined.-Journal des Delibats.

From FkPhiladelphia, a Consignment of
ITAIR MATRASSES, double and single, fim
-a.aL tl sail oi the most teod rate.lettis, for cash.
COTS, and other Furniture, generally fondl in a Connmis.
sion tore.
Georgetown, July 18-d7t

r COLOURED fesnit servant for doing liouscork in
1.-t gen' ati ], , nIces.say ,h,1 m.,,ey nco e, wei w ll rec1,,n 0,,ed at id ,str
honestly, and st nady hablus.and tnomt,, t (her teolt| tdp n-gi
N i 1s ill be give, Ap, ,l at y tt',, e tl ; of the.lour:,; l. '
Julyl 19.

- ., --- ;~'

The North-Carolina.-We have seen a letter I
from a gentleman on board the U. S. ship North-'
Carolina, to his friend in this ciiy, dated Gibraltar
Bay, May 18th. The writer says they had a tine
run across the Atlantic ; and that the ship proves
to be a remarkably fine vessel, and much faster
than was anticipated, having gone eleven and
twelve knots without ll her sails set. It was be-
lieved generally on board that she would out-sail
the Constitution, and if so, would be the fastest
vessel in the service.
Governor O'DoNNELL,of Algeziras, had paid a
visit to the ship ; he expressed himself highly pleas-
ed with the appearance of the vessel and crew ;

Commodore Porter gave in a document, which, and, tendering his thanks to the officers for his po-
with the permission of the Court, was read by his lite reception, offered his best services to the Com-

Counsel. '
This document, as will be seen by our report of
yesterday, contained the considerations by which
Commodore Porter had been induced to waive his
objections to the second charge and its specifica-
tions. It commenced with a general waiver of the
objections as i preliminary measure, reserving the
right to resume them in a general defence. The
document then proceeded to comment on the reply
made by the Jaide, Advoc,.te.
In this stage, the Judge Advocate took exception
to the document as being a reply to his argument,
-which reply was prohibited by the decision of the
'Court on ivMondny. The Court was then cleared
forridehbe a L"r n -,*u4l.... ...
On the doors btin- re-opened, the decision of
the Court was pronounced, by which (he different
paragraphs which referred to the rejoinder of the
Judge Advocate were stricken out. Tie reading of
the document was then concluded ; the latter part
containing merely a request th'atTommodore Por-
ter should be either furnished with a copy of the re-
joinder of the Judge Advocate, or should be allow-
ed access to the original on the records of the.
Court. .
The Judge Advocate then proceeded to give in
the evidence in support of the second charge, in the
order of the specifications.
On. the first document being read, which was a
certified copy of a letter from Commodore Porter
to the President of the United States, dated April
17, '1825, the Counsel for the accused demanded
that the original letter be produced.
On this question, the Court was cleared'for de-
liberation; and %I hieu thedoors were re-opened, the
decision of the Court was pronounced, that no cer-
tified copy.of a letter was admissible as evidence.
The Judge Advocate then called on Commodore
Porter to produce certain correspondence which
took place between him and Mr. Monroe, late Pre-
sident of the United States, in the month of March,
1825. .
To this demand ,the Counsel of Commodore
Porter put in a written reply, declining to produce
such correspondence.-
His reasons for this refusall were in purport as fol-
lows : The correp -. .ni-ce, between Commniodore
Porter and Mr. Monroe was private and unofficial;
and it was asked, by what inquisitorial power could
.private correspondence be called for ? By what,
authority could correspondence of this character
be made the subject of criminal charges ? How
could unpublished letters be made the subject of
accusation ? It wis contended that the Judge Ad-
vosate was bound to specify fur what purpose he
required the production of this correspondence,
and to show its relevancy to the matter of the charge.
It would be, necessary to do this;. and it would be
still further necessary that he should produce.from
Mr. Monroe his, consent for the giving publicity to
the part which he possessed of a correspondence,
which was guarded by all the sacred forms of a con-
fidential correspondence, before the Judge Advocate
could call upon- Commodore Porter to decide upon
the propriety of giving up to' the Court that part of
the correspondence which was in his possession.
The Judge Advocate then put in a demand on
Sthe Court for authority to, take the deposition of
iMr. Monroe, on the subject of this correspondence.
The Court was cleared for deliberation; and onthe
doors being re-opened, its decision was announced,
by which authority was given to the Judge Advu-
cate to take lhe deposition of Mr. Monroe, by trans-
'mitting to lim interrogatories, together with such
to transmit ; and that Mr. Monroe be requested to
send his answers, made on oath before some neigh-
boring magistrate. ,
%The Counsel for the accused then put in a re-
quest that the Judge Advocate be 'required to fur-
nish to the accused a specification of the precise
object of these interrogatories,; and the point to
.-..vhicial y would be directed, in order that the ac-
cused might tie enabled-to -.uonrtatuxa t.o.git of the
change which was to be founded on this, correspon-
dence, and to shape his interrogatories accord-
The Court was then again cleared for delibera-
tion ; and on re-opening the doors, it was announc-
ed that the application of the Counsel for the ac-
cused, was rejected.
The Court thin adjourned till to-morrow morn
inn, at 11 o'clock.

General LA FAYET'rTE arrived in Philadelphi:
Son.Saturday evening. He vas received with great
enthusiasm, and is lodged at Franklin House, whici
is appropriated exclusively for his reception. Th
M;vayor, Recorder, and City Councils, dined wit!
him on the dy of his arrival. ie was to attend
at the dinner given yesterday by the citizens ti
Mr. RusH.

We yesterday noticed a sale of Saxon sheep, a
Brighton, Mass. The whole flock consisted of 8S
rams, 57 ewes, and 29 lambs; and the sales pro
diced between 25 and 30,000 dollars.

Thle ship was to sail in a week from the Bay.

Signor FERDINANDAO LUCCHESI is appointed
Neapolitan Consul General, to reside in the United
States. It is expected lihe will soon arrive in New-
Cotton.-A letter from Beaufort, (S.' C.) of the
5th -instant, says of the cotton crops-" The pre-
sent appearances of the coming crops of Sea
Islands are certainly verygloomy. The heavy
winds and incessant rains we have had, have very
materially injured the crops all round us. The
same complaints on this Island, are heard from
hilton-Head, and St. Helena, and I fear extends
every whee, on the-sea-board."
Cub a.-The follow ing article, relative to the un-
settled state of matters in the Island of Cuba, ap-
pears in the British'Traveller of the 26th May:
'All the recent communications from Cuba have
given note of an approaching change in the govern-
ment of that Island ; and letters from Havana, re-
ceived this morning, fully corroborare the probabi-
lity of that event. In the latest of these advices.
'dated April 20th, it is stated as an unequivocal fact,
thait there is a decided unanimity of sentiment
throughout the island for throwing off the yoke of
Old Spain, and forming a union with Colombia. It
is added, that a Colombian squadron was hourly
expected, for the purpose of affording protection
against any hostile attempt from Spain. Letters
from Jamaica of the 12th, state the rumour of a
separation between Cuba and the mother country
to have been so generally. credited at that date,
that the ships of war on the Jamaica station had
received orders to cruise off Cuba, for the protec-
tion of the British trade in that quarter.
Errata.-The leader is requested to make the following
corrections in the article headed Monte Video, in our paper of0
yesterday. In the 2d paragraph, for the imaginary line
drawn by Alexander VI. in [1522,]" read 1492."
In the 2d column, where the writer is speaking of the Trea'-
ty of Badajoz, in .1801, it should read-" the boundaries in
A1ncerica should continue to be as they were then."
Omissions in the Letter, published yesterday, to
a young friendjust setting out in Life.--After the
words, "but never incarcerate his body; suffer
the loss of all first," should be added :-
Without the clearest proofs of a villanous pur-
pose to defraud ; and when the clearest evidence
exisst to satisfy,thatnothing short of such a measure
can elicit the exerciseofapower which you know thie
party to possess to do you justice, if he would,--
But upon these points be very clear-and then it
will not bid deemed unmerciful, even thus to coerce
a recognition of justice. Under such circumstances
-a notoriously fraudulent character-proofs of
the exercise of cunning, and stealth, to put away
from your reach the means to. pay you a just debt,
which you really need-and after every resort hIas
failed amicably to awaken in the conscience of such
a.one, a,sense ofjustice-nobody will deem it wrong
in you toinflictthe punishment of imprisonment; but
onlythen,as a means toget what is your due. Butlifthe
wretch is found to be proof against even this, after a
thir trial, then keep himnot there, but let thepoor devil
go. There are, however, few such cases of har-
dened villainy to be met width; yet I believe they
sometimes occur. My beseechment reaches to the
powerless debtor, out of whom the rack and the
gibbet could force nothing-one of whom all would
say, lie does not pay, because he cannot-not be-
cause he will not.


The Commission of Do n AUGosTIN LETA-MENDI,
as Spanish Consul at St. Augustine, in East Florida,
has been lately revoked, by order of his Sovereign.


The Court niet at 10 o'clock.

ry being, of cousidleratle undetstanuing aniu com-
mon education. She lclivot'red a discourse, which
occupied about an hour andl a half, was concise in
her arguments, affording a clear connexion of' ideas
in the arrangement of lher subject, of a happy and
easy delivery, (excepting a fewi iaccuracies of ex-
pression,) solemn but mild il her address, and
graceful in her gestures. She takes no text, but fre-
quently makes quotations from" holy writ, and po-
etic authors, by way of evidenciu and ornament.-
She says she is induced to travel under conviction
of duty, having been visited and instructed to the
task by the divine spirit, about three years ago. Shei
is about 35 years uld, slender form, and pilgrim
like, she travels entirely on foot, utterly refusing
the offers of conveyance. WiV are told she carries
with her none other than the dothes which she has
immediate use for, depe-nling'entirely upon having
her wants supplied when necessity may require.




Again: Should have been added, after the words [Fromn L'Histuire des Chieus Celebres."] ht
-.It is seldom seen that a man who has suffered The Dog of expedients.-Ote of the ioun-
privations has imprisoned his fellow-man-and I taineers of Auvergue, w se trade it is to exhibit live
venture to aver it that no Christian er d monkeysand dancing bears, iad also trained a half
venture to avr it, that o Christian ever a dozen s to difrent exercises. Onett mounted
the following: guard, willhi a gun and little sabre; another made
Unless in such cases as I have excepted, perilous leaps; a third jumped like a frog ; a fourth,
clad in a black robe and placed in a chair, maii-
PitLADELPHeiA, July' 19.-Yesterday morning a tainted a thesis, by howling incessantly at the others,
Committeeofthe Association forthecommemoration who replied in return, by barking at him. In short,
of the landing of Williani Penn, consisting of Messrs, this little corps of foiur-footed comedians formed
P. S. Duponceau, R. Peters, jr. J. S. Lewis and the revenue of their' master with two ; for man-
John Bacon, their Treasurer, waited on Gesn. LA kind pay better fir what anmuses them, than for
FAYETTE, and presented to him a printed copy, lessons of wisdom and prudence. Through a jea-
handsomely bound, .-of their Proceedings and Con- lousy, too common among people of the same trade,
siitittion, which the General cheerfully accepted, another dealer in bears, poisoned five of the dra-
and subscribed his name as a member of the Insti- matis personue of his rital, who, afflicted at so so-
tution, by which' he will be numbered among its rious a loss, (for five dancers cannot be made in a
Founders.-Poulson. day,) fell sick and took to .his bed. HIaving no
means, and being in extreme want, the poor devil
Hudson,'. 1.-We are-glad to see,in til "Repub- hd recourse to tid following expedient :-He
licasn"oftile 14th ultinio, an account of sone of the h reous t t awn ;biet
mannufactures carried on in this small, but exceedingly trainetd his remaining Spaiel toa carry I billet, on
it..,. .in, 'and beautiful city, located on the Hudson, which were written the following verses
117 miles ftromN. York, and to which the river is navi- For my sicknmaster in'hismied,
gahblefor the largest ships. No people appear better Mourniiig o'cerhliisiactorsldead,
fitted to succeed in such establishments than those of iAll spectators, give y flead.,
tiHudson'-for there is not a more industrious aid com- id spectators, give m e.
Sfortble community any where. The-animal, who was very sagacious, had learnt
There are three cotton wills within the city-two in his part in less than a week, when his owner said,
* operation, inmd tile omher not yet finished. The two go b'apajou, anid save the life of your master. Sa-
will annually produce 550,000 yards of coarse cotton p"jou was a little marmozet, that mounted the
Goods, valued at 1s cents, or $70,200, and 360,000, at log's back and laboured with him in his minmic cx-
24. cents, or $86,400-together 156,000 dollars. And hibition The dog accordingly received the mon-
when the three mills ate i operation, it is supposed that key on his back, dressed in a rose coloured gown
they will give stipport to 57 families, of 9 persons each ey oms hi rban thensgeided by the little son of
S-in tall 513 persomms, ant a blue turban, theu guided by the little son of
S There are six satinet mantfactories, which employ the mountaineer, lie went to the place Belle Cour,
455 persons, consume 256,400 Ibs. wool, and make 554, and crowds ran to see the sport. On this, thea
o 000 yards of cloth per ann. Also a flannel mianttac- monkey alighted, and seized a stick, drove them to
Story, employing 830 persons, consuming 15,500 lbs. wool, a certain distance, where they formed a circle.-
and tmahing 4S,800t yards of very superior goods every The ground being cleat', the dog performed, by
year; adjacent to this there is a morocco and skin dress- ay of prelude, several of his customary tricks-
d ing establishment. The carpet imanufactory employs le then danced a nminuet with the monkey-he
o 20 persons, consumes 12,000 lbs. of wool;. and makes King, the Queen, and the Count d'Ar-
10,000 yards per tinuin,besides 1.100 yards diaper, and leapt for te conclusion of hisue tricks, he took a
doing occasional jobs for thie citizens, tois, and at thie conclusion of his tricks, he took a
The capital actually employed in these work% is es- hat between his paws, and made a collection, as lie
t timated at more than half million ofdolllars. The ad- solicited respectfully the delighted spectators. he
jacent country (beyond the limits of the city) also a farthings, penuteys, and even pieces ofl silver fell in
t Lontmds with manufactories, whose products tmaijly cen- such abundance, that the sick master got money
- tre at Hudson, to be disposed of at Netw-sYork, or else- enough to cure himi, arid in a little time set up ano-
wvhere.-Niles' Register. other corps of comedians,

On Wednesday the scaffolding in front of the
tird story window of a house erecting in Broad-
ay, between Houston and Blecker-street, gave
'ay and precipitated a bricklayer to thie bottom of
ie area. lIe fell in a manner to bring himn in a sit-
ng pasture upon thie stone step, and did not break
single bone ; but lie was internally wounded, so
iat lie died in about an hour. The deceased was
native of England, named Underwood, aged abont
orty years.-N. Y. Mer. Ado.
The township of Fraimpton, 10 leagues from
Quebec, has. lately been visited by a great many
Bears, wsich have destroyed some cattle, and consi-
erably, lacerated others.

-' CHANCE. s '
-ho put themtse'es in its way-a very excellent chance is n ow
offered ir theGRAND STATE LOTTERY, No. V, whele-
Vy the ipirchaser of two tickets i two shares, ione odh and
oie even mnier, is CERTAIN OF OBTAINING AT
LEAST ONE PRItZE, and may draw THREE'

Quarters 5 SI :tr the-'

Penn. Avenue, (opposite Brown's I',list',
Waishiit'n g :.,.
Letters (post paid) enclosing the cash or prize licets;
carefully observed.
Julv 21- Washintton City
Office of the Commissioners for Draining the I ow
Grounds, ,c. July 9th, 1825.
PROPOSALS will be received at this office unt 'I -,y,
21'2d last. for setting the Curb Stone and pa m.4 ihe
Fooltwy on the South side of Pennsylv.ia Avenue, trot' lhie
house lately erected in square B, by VWn. A. Bradley, to third
street West; said proposals to state the lowest price pry square
Vard for their pavienit, ntand per ihe foot running nmasutie for
'the Curb Stone, contractor finding all niateritkis, which are
to be of the best quality. The pavement to ibe lad down in at
least six inches of sharp river sand, the whole to be executed
in a workmanlike manner
Proposals will also at the same time b'e received for some
thouisand feet of railing, similar to thliat in front of sue De-
partmenit lf State, with tree rtils instead of ',vo, cedar posts
anid good utateialsa, which are to. be found by the cotiraclor.
The aosts to be eight feetiapart, iand five feet high. Proposals
to state tI price per running foot or yard.
By Orderoflihe Com'rss, THOr L NO vtES

[From their Y. Statesman.] Messrs. Stanley, Wortley, and Denison, the tlreo OBITUARY.
The Liverpool le.i cury, of the l7th May, con-. Members of the British Parliament who lately trae. We have seldom been summoned to pay the last lion-
tains a review of C. J.. tngrsoll, Esqr's Oration be- yelled through this country, voted on the great Ca- ors to a departed friend more worthy or eftimlble. than
fore the American Philosophical Society ; and af- e, t. HENRY WAD, late of the Navv of the United
ter many quotations, and some animnateld praises o tholic question in favour of emancipation. Their Stats, whose remains were interred with military hon-
the orator and his country, ctiouicdes by transcrib- names are recorded among the majority in the ors, nd attended by a large circle of friends, on the
ItIth4ist.;''Tilewriterof this iniperfect sketch, was a
ing the following complitrentary article from House of Commons, and is ai proof of their liberal elsntC, and has always been otthe ost intimate
the Edinbirni Oberver. Wre will merely remark "e-s"tc, and has always been on the most intimate
the Edinburgh Observer. V will m..rely enaik, sentiments ad good principles. [N. Y. Gaz. and friendly terms with him, has seen inuch of him in
that these observations ale only a new expression domestic life, has always found him the ardent and sin-
of that liberality towards the U ited States, which. Matter for the Curious.-A gentleman now in lere frieidI tihe ost aind and affectionate husband;
has characterized a considerable portion of te this city (New-Orans) as a collection of bones, friends iotohly to irrepamiable andoss, t bu devoted wife and
newspaper press of Scotland. this ci hs set yearasa trio frons a riendns isolye a irrepaiable loss, but in him has his
newspaper press of Sc'tdand. that he has spent one year in disiritbrring from a country also been deprived of the services of a valuable
STATE OF AMERICA. beach about forty miles from the moth of the Mis- officer. 1e possessed all tie energy, ambition, cool-
In forty years the Americans have quadrupled their sissippi. He has expended his all in their obton- ness, aidinirepidity tecessaiy to form the character of
population, and stretched their territory from tile w>et- ion ; and as the magnitude of the bones is calcu- an officer. Lieut; WARD was actively employed dn-
ters of the Ohio and Mississippi, to the Pacific. They lated even to confound the most expert osteologists, ring the late war, ard bore his share of the hnour int the
have assumed, as if by instinct, a mighty system ofl pri- hle citizens will be amply gratified by spending a capture of the Java; served in the 1iediterranean in
vate law ; bold precision of diplomacy ; a large code its each, f the sigt, a advantage of the 1815 oard the f ship of Cor Bainbridge, and
of commerce and national interests. They have akenbw bits each, lwho unites wight, a ood shardvante of under- when this accomplished officer was again appointed to
the lead in vigour of improvement and practical swo- ttites with a good share 01 under'- b cti nom of tiep squadron in 1819, lie applied for
ence. Mendicity is almost unknown; the demand of standing, a pleasing deportment. Lieut. WA, for hom ie had tile gt regard, to
labour is immense, and its rewards abuilant. Clmrch emayransack thennals ofLinmneus-we may be attached to his flag ship. On the sics idron being
dissensions are heard of, only in the history of foreign- search Goldsmith from index toappendix-we may fitted out to cruize against the pirates in 13'A, or 1823i
ers; slavery itself, the plague spot of human society, is go the entire routine of natural histories--we may iis anilbition immediately prompted him toseekthis ser-
fast verging to decay. Agriculhire, the mechanic arts, resort to all kinds of monstrosity---and refer to Jef- vice, and in which he contracted the disease that has
and manufactures, are advancing with mighty strides. fersunian descriptions and exaggerations of Imar- deprived his disconsolate wife of the tendelest of hus
The bowels of the Alleghanies are pouring forti their moth, yet all will fall short of the preselit wonder, bands, ti companions of an estimable friend, the navy
treasures of iron, coal, and lead; and the huge western which is at least the eighth of the world. The ac- ofan active, eneigetic officer.-Boston6 deinel.
Savannahs, tronden a little while ago only by the bison, counts given of the manunioth, the elephant, the
the cougar, or the wolf, are echoing the noises of forges, e ALEXAN
looms, and bloomeries. Since 1808, the export trade whale, the sea-serpent, &c. are more bagatelles in ALEXANDRIA SHIP NEWS.
ofthe Union has advanced from twenty-three millions comparison to tltgenuine description that this ati Ar.RVED JULY 19.
of dollars, to more than eighty millions. Their ton- tlial admits bf, from the dimensions of the parts o- Slobp Armadi Kirtland, New-York, 8 days ; freight for ithi
nage amounts to more than a million and a half; being skeleton, as already obtained. Of District. y
nearly a treble increase since the beginning of the pre- One of the bones is eighteen feet in length, with ywine, 9 day; to Wo.
sent century. In the Hudson alone, tie number of a corresponding breadth ; the lai;gest extremity evi- SitealmboatPotonac, Tenktins, Norfolk ; with ptssengerS.
merchant vessels is atl this hour nearly equal, andtwelve dently answers to the hut uai scapula ; it tapers off ite selr ising sus, CdagpSil er,of Salem. fri, ed p Brndwe.
years ago, was ch superior to the whole shipping of to a point, andretains a flatnessto theterminations; Thismakesthel00thvoyage which Capt ilerhas ndeto'
Scotland. Their steam vessels ahno.:Etoubledin numer- from these facts we may infer that this bone con- this District.
ical anonnt, and far surpass in tonnage and velocity, d d;
the vapour ships of Brittin,. Brefrre tthe extent oritheir stituted a fin, or feeder ; one of its edges, from al-
caials, the eilolts of the modern world shrink into in- tornate exposures to Dhe tide ant sitiicante: nay, the mighty ways and aqueducts of become spongy or porous, but, generally, it is in ai ATiENTION !--A Company meeting for- 4the-
imperial Rome herself are blroII htl into hazardous coit- perfect state of osification. It is evident that there transaction of busi,,ess will be held this evening in the schliol-
parison. The number is at .east twenty ; and the was a corresponding filn, or fender; therefore, the ro fMr N .Bas acri Virginia r ens'ae, at 8 o'clock,
greatest length stretches to tluie hundred tind sixty animal must have been fifty feet in breadth from T hose les, as of becoming Alenshers of il. Coipanr; atri
miles. Yet the ihgest of these majestic dcts was aco- one extremity of a fin to the other, allowing for in't't also 10 tind at the above hour and plhiSe.
complishetl at thesole charge ofa State of little more wear and tear, as well as a disproportionate width fui**4t, July21- By Order.
than a single million of iihabitarts. Theavy of the of the back to the length of the fins.
Union amounts to more than twety ships of tile line These are several of tho Dorsal Vertebr&, and THEATRE.
besides ntnmerous frigates and pn boats. Ai the "Last N t ut '
whole of this enormous mass of vigour, wealth, ati po- one of the lumbar, and a bone answering to the LaPt NiV's. hbut OTe.
pulation, issecurelv defended by a standing army of lit- cocygis in our anatomy. The Vertebra are sound, FRIDAY 'VENINGCx.July 22, 1825,
tie more than five thousand men. Nor are there any in- and corresponding inisize to the largest bone ; the Will be pr itecd the Musial D.asa of
ternal taxes; any hateful prying into income or do- protttberances of the Vertebrze are three feet in ex-. ROB ROY, or Auld Lang S>,e.
mestic privacy. The provincia governments alone tent; they lead to the supposition that the animal After which,'he Billet of
levy a direct impost of about a dollar on each inhlabi- had considerable protuberances on the back; 'the JACK IN DISTRESS; Or The \ app ng Land
tant. This it is to be a free people. This iis is to have .body of each Vertebrae is at least twenty inches in C D lady. appng
spring from the boson of the Bitish emnpire,'rike Pal- diameter, and as many in length; the tube or ca- The whole toconclude with a GEERAL DANCL
htis from the braiin of Jove, ftll 'grown and armed in libre, for containing tie spinal marrow, is six inch- -...-: .. -.. -....
proof. D o we turn sick at these advances. T he m i- tu eErn d-a meteh ltso oe od t d araer i sa d nerv
tual trade of the United and British empire, now ex- es in diameter; some of the arterial and nervous DELAWARE STATE LOTTERY.
ceeds fifty millions of dollars; an amount quite equal to indentations or courses, are yet visible. TI here is.
the trade of the Republic with all the rest of the globe, a bone similar to our os ealcis, one foot in length, Price of Tickets only 3 Dollars!
And is this any food for jealousy? It is as it ought to and, I suppose, eight inches in diameter. From all Halve' $'1 0 \
be, the strongest cement of friendship. We rejoice those circumstances, it was evidently an animal that For either of these small sums an opportunity may icha
in this growing up of freedom and power in the fierce surpasses any that history has made us acquainted to take
solitudes of ile western world. We glory in this living with in the animal kingdom. If the skeleton was 1000 DO ARS.
bulwark against the worse than Pagan incursions of collected, and the bones all put in entire, it wouldoo
legitimate fanaticism. We look forward with joy to the compensate us for a pilgrimage at least to Mecca. :- 2000 "
illustrious period, when the growing tide of population e a -ebi,-usorca".e.u1,!,-1u"
1 ^ Whether it was herbiferous or caraiferous, aqua-' l t^;
shall have fully fertilized the barbarity of the western Wh oeter et wa er u ca rcde a ,t151
wilderness: and a mighty race, one in' sentiment, one tic or terraneous, we cannot decide; yet, we think 12 clamtcesifo 1,000
in virtue, one in interest, speaking in no more thIan a that Doct. Mitchell will place it among the amphi- i for o0
double tongue, shall be busied in lighting up and trans- bia: we should think that mythology holds out its A,, 60s 20s 6 and 3s to match.100
mitingl the laimp of knowledge, without interruption, ancestry in the Leviathans of the deep--that it would Only 14 bl-nks ton a pize.
from the wolves' dens of" Oonalashka," to the eternal have despised a relationship with the mammoth, This tetuldful little o ie Lotteryill drai into
fires of Horne. with the whale, the elephant, and the unicorn, we Del. on the 3d o S A.gust, and be conilleted in) fie ,i,,tes
are well convinced. We will content ourselves for J. B. Y AT1ES & A. Mi'1iNTYRE U a1'1gt,.
SntAWsx r-Tows, (Ill.) June 25. the present, by supposing it an innominata, as it is urPackagesc f 12s ekts, embracing the 3banbers cf the
A Female Preacherl'-A gentlewoman of de- quite anomalous to all animals that have come un- with so i'iav chances f,,b capitall prizes, a be liad icr S:;6.
cent appearance, who is travelling through the der our scrutiny. We think that it will bring Doct. l'hose w o m iefer p-iing -,,Nl th dtlifferei'e betweenithe
country preaching, (otr rather exhorting,) visited Mitchell to his ne plus ultra in genus to give it adprice fcan 'aagve a, dtitficate a package's atrof ant i iitt'
our town bn Wednesday last, seems an extraordina- class, or trace out its lineology. [Louis. Gaz. Wo.le Tickets for ,52e 2, o
my b. .t.g.f c d am t, c Otof 6QS

1 Plize of $40,000 is $40,000 July 15. becretary,
1 10,000 10,o000
1 5,000 5,000
30 100 3,000 A few tickets in the
200 20 4,000 (which will draw Ihis d;.y) .na' ybe hadUinl earl .'piciition.
5o0 10 2,500 at TYLER'S fEMPLE 0Il' FOR'IU.E. capi-ai Prizes
500 6 3,000 $ 30,000 $5,37
0,000 4 80,000 15,000 20 of 1000O
1-- 0,000 30 of 500 &c,
21,043 Prizes. $160,000 Whviole tickets $11; shares in proportion.
July v2-3t
40,000 Tickets. Not one blank to a Prize!c of the Uitd Sta
THE WHOLE TO BE DRAW IN ONE DAY! Bcw V of the U.itcd States, 8
ON s IViN1SDAYv vie, -27t> INSTASNT. Ju, I4th, 1825.
VWhole Tickets o ; halves 250; Quarters $125.- OICE is herehy giveauto the Stockoiu l rs. of the -i ,uk
W hoigdTllu 63.v 0 ofh ht I ti lted St.atesjthat, it ie p i t Ua c if mite s lti ,- h
Shth 63. iartnicle of the eleventh section ', Ite act ol' r.coi porat a
,.c carlt meeting of the Stoakhol '.s will i l heiid a, eur
WASHINGTON CANAL LOTTERY, Tiankig Hous<, in ttme ity Of Philiiphia, on r. ,
CLASS NO. I-FOR 1825. list tday'of September next, amt..o'lo.ck-tn t memirui.by
To be drawn oi the 17th day of August next, and finished in 'order of the Board. TIIOMAS VILSN, Cash'r.
a few inuiutes. extract from ithe said 13th Article.
1 prize of 25,000 is 25,000 And once inevery three years the Directors shall lay be.
1 10,000 10,000 fore in etokholders at a general meeting, tor their info, na-'
1 5,000 5,000 tioa "tut exact aid particular state en t of thin ile"dbs ii ilm
1 5,000 5,000 ~t have remained unpaid after the expiration of the origin-
Sst500 5,000 credit, Ifor a period of treble the mtearo that credit, dd
1 2,360 2,360 of theisurp'i s oi the profits, if any, afte .deducting losses an
20 500 10,000 dividends. '
30 250 7,500
52 50 2,600 FOR RENT,
152 25 3900 A THREE S IORY BRICK HOUSE,' situated
15 105 12,'900 on the Capitol Hlill, and within a shoi't distance
1,248 10 12,480 of the Capital square. This iscone of the most con-
10,608 5 53,040 M Lvenient dwellings in the.Civ, having an out kitch-
en, i i k- mid simokhe house,an id garden attached to it '1 le
12,120 prizes 136,880 ren illhe very moderate, and possessio n had immediately.
1,120 pies 1 8 Also, for sale, a tframe house one stomy and a half high, on
22,100 blanks east Capitol street, advatuagcousIV situated for business.
Whole Tickets$ 5; Halves $2 50 ; Quarters $1 5 G. 'GEO. WATTERSTON.
hoe Tic Eighths 63. July 2-3aw3 ..
97"Packages of 20 tickets, amtraciing all their centrbiit, "-.
tin, mnos. from I to 60, whil hnust of necessity draw at. lea. Port Tobacco, (Md.) July 4, 1825.
's. net. with sot many chances for tlhe capetaf oprize0 'nl -fHE undersigned tenders his professional ser
20 halat thesae30 rat2 v .Quarters'25-- Eigh.hls o12 50. vices t the citizensof Charles County; also lothe ci
Tickets d shares i either Lottery for sae in.a variety ens of S May's, Clvertand Prince George ,
nmiaitis, at PHILIP B. KEY,
numbersat ALLEN"S July 16-3as6wv Attorney at La-w.
Lottery and Exchange Office,
Pennsylvania Avenue, Wahlingtoi City. PRINTI '
Orders byl u'til pistyIai, will reeci'e )ipnctual atteu-
t-i, and r .atiusefteate of tickets gac, "if dsi Neatlyand promptly executed at this Offie
'ion as drawnJOY 2I.0-




[For the National Journal,]
This City and the adjacent Province hate been,
for the two last months, the theatre of wir, and,
0 was to have ben expected, public curiosity has
b ien excited. ;To gatify this. desire to kipw the
hisory of theiBanda Oriental, as the Projince is
no%called, the following sketch has been carefully
made from various documents. .
Passing oer the Bull of Pope Martin V. in
1432, afterwrds confirmed by Eugene IV.Nichol
as V. and S'xtus VI. by which were granted to the
Fortuguese prown all lands that should be discov-
ered by it's objects south and west of Cape Boja-
dor,. and di regarding the imaginary line drawn by
Alexander VI. in 1522, we know, that by the
treaty sig ied at Saragosa, in 1529, and ratified at
Lerida th year following, on the. parts of Charles
V. of Sp in, and John Ill. of Portugal, that a pr -
vious arrangement madeiat Phorderilhas, between
Alphonstis IV.of Spain,'and John II. of Portugal,
should continue, in force. What that previous ar-'
rangemq lt was)is nodtinown, as.the original docu-
Sments disappeared from the Portuguese archives a
few years afterwards, when Portugal was subject,
to the Spanish yoke.
It is, however, well known, that Charles V. int
is instructions to Sebastian Cabot, in 1524,dnirect-
d- .. not to settle on the north side of the river La
SPlata, as it was a Fortuguese possession. Cabot, in
consequence of tins, founded Buenos Ayres on the
*. south side of this river, in the same year.
Previous to this, in 1501,.Americus Vespuccius.
-. : then in the service of Portugal, was preseOt at tihe
erection of al land-mark on the Bay of SvAlatthias,
-. by the Pprtun ese, in latitude 44. martinn Alfon-
a de Sousa, he first Portoguese pr-irnetor that set,
tied in the sluth ofriazil,erecte Pnother, in 1531,
S on the islwid of Gorrity, (ItA de Gorrity,) that
[ sbheltrsfide ByY otf Maldo o-, In a letter from
SJohn )1. to Sousa, the s5ne instruction is repeat-
ed oni that coast fri Pernambuco to the Rio de
aia/Plata' It is evident, then, that the north side
o this/iver was,in those tinis, considered to be a
crt of the Pquguese donminions. It was also so
nsaldered wX6n Portugal was under the Spanish
oke tfrol/1580 to 1640; the Spaniards from
/Beenos Aiyres never having made settlements on it,
S/ a will be shown.
f / "When; by the treaty of 1668, after a war of
twenty years, the independence of Portugal was re-
cognised, the Portuguese, having been secured in all
their An erican possessions by its second article,
determined to settle some places on tltiir borders.
It was thlenin m1679, that a I-4iunuese fleet under
Lobo, arrived -rt thie Island olV.1r i Gabtiel, that de-
fends the port of Colonnia do SilNramcutto. Here
the Portuguese began t6 found a town, and to fortify
it. When the building of thilis town was known ai
BuenobsAyres, which is only separated by the river,
S '30 miles broad, it was immediately claimed under
the possession held by the King of Spain, when
Portugal was under her dominion. With this
quilibet in their mouth, and 3,000 Guarancies from
th, nri-n.-,il,-e', captured the place in 1820, killed
all thePortuguese, excepting sixteen, razed every
S, thing to the ground, and scut Lobo to Lira, where
be died in prison.
'"As soon as information of this was received at
'sb;.. ,, complaints weere snt to Madrid, and it was
agrec L,* lie prace should be restored ; that tile
; Governor of Buenos Ayres should be .punish(-d;
and that the Spaniards should hunt, fish, feed their
cattle, cut wood, and burn charcoal, in the neigh-
.boiring territory, as they had done befor-. The
question of propriety was referred to commission-
ersi,'and lately tif the Pope, who never decided it.
But Lancastro, the second in command under Lobo,
took' possession of the country in 1681, and forti-
fled it.
-- Without settling tile question of the right of pro.
.-- perty, the Portuguese continued in quiet possession
.-of Colonnia, s it was commonly called. 'TJey had
farmts sixty miles from tile city, and commerce with
brazilian ports flourished. A few years before tlw
war of Spanish succession, Prado, Gpoverntor of
'Btreios- Avres, fearing that the Dutch might estab-
: lish themselves along the river La Plata, applied io
SSebastian do Veiga, the then Governor of Coloifnia
to assist him against the invaders, and advised him
to fortify Monte Video, which was direct proof that
the Portuguese right to the north side of the river
was rfrcogaised by both parties.
In' tihe succeeding general war, this place was
taken possession of by Vulder, from, uelnos Ayres.
It'had been previously abandoned by Veiga, who
retired to Rio de Janeiro. At the peace. of Utrecht
it was restored, and Treitas was sent from Rio de
Janeiro to found and settle Monte Video, in 1723.
Lavalla, theri Governor of Buenos Avres, bearing
of this, sent troops against the Portuguese, wiho, as
they were few in number, abatund.oed the fortifica-
tions. T1he Spaniards theln, fir thi, first time, began
to build in this country. They were aided by the
Guarancies, comomandckd by their aown missionaries.
Thi-Court of Madrid continued to disregard all re-
monstranoes frqi the Portuguese Minister'residcnt
at that Court, .
Thesp-renmonstrances irritated both governments,
and -Sal&edo was appointed Governor of Buenos
S. Ayres, withll. secret orders from. the Court cf Ma-
drid. At his iitla.1. he invited Vasconcellos, the
Governor of Col.nauia, to settle thie bortdaty ilte.
This the latter declined, as he htad no order. As
war was expected, in consequence of the insuilth of-
ferred to the Portuguese Minister at Mildrid,by the
seizure ,f some of his servants in his own house,
Salcedo ordered the Portuguese to abandon all
their settlements ir the country. On the return of
his troops from Paraguay, whither they I, hal been
senrit to suppress a popular tumult, he declaited war,
and, by proclamation, ordered the Pdrtuguese to
leave thle country immediately, con trary to the
article of peace at Utrecht, allowing to each party
six months to leuve the country of the other. Ih'
.commenced war by capturing merchant vessels,.
and approached the city wih an army of 6,000,
principally Guarancies, from the missions, under
the command of Werle, a Bavarian by birth, and a
SBefore Salcedo arrived in siglt of the plce, he
-ad laid d-.me L'\ery thing-ho ses, clI aels, pl ii-
St.ations, vineyards-all were destroyed to gratify'
this barbarian, who even declared every one found
utinder arms:to be a slave. But he soon found that
lthe advice of the Bishop of Buenos Ayres, not te
go t war wts god. le hmselywts, wonded,

go to war, was good. He himself was wounded,
Werle was killed, a naval victory was gained by
tht. Portuguese, and when lie received information,
in 1737, that war had not been declared between
the two nations, he retired with lhaino and re-
Ferdinand VI. now succeeded to the Spanish
ilone l and brug married to a Portuguese prin-

1 ^

wa-. \

Scet,s the two crowns thought to terminate, at once, L[For thel rta ional J ur'ual.J how necessary is it when it is known, that even
the qutesioti oflimits inAeri ea. nThe Porlugese Extract ofc letter fron to a young friend, our
hving been secretly inf-nred of the existence ofi ust seig out in life. ,i, e,,, ,ee;o--
some m Intains in the interior, containing rich "Iam veryglad to earn that the Society at- Errors and inorances are, thereteire, to be over-
mines of gold, aceded to, and signed the treaty of is so agretiable, and so mr;nl. lBut even here a loed, and ile party errng feeling most, cre
limits, as it was calli'd, by which they ceded to the ,young man is in danger-imninenCt danger., ociet- n, ,old be taen par sooth that feelingby othe kind-,
Spanish Colonnia, n their rigt to the north sie like ine, absorbs fcuies which sud be ic it is in our power t show, that
of the river, and received, in return, the district ed to labour ; and the snare to a young mlan, wo we know it was error. Servants-low ofien do lese
where the gold was supposed to exist, and some ofh bus to rely on lhis p oie. sion, is the more c-rtain to act amiss i m ignorance. Shall we fly nto t passion
the Guarancy missions, entrap him, because it is the more concealed. and ithreten, and confound, or sl ssh those poor
This last condition was fatal to the two contract- Drunkenness and ing parties. The missions were in a very floiurish- ruinous vices : these are the scylla-the vortx, 11 word wih we y deem to be amiss? Think
ing state, and their missionaries were not disposed which the bodies and souls of men are engulphed- of trdhihe prayereeto iss ? Think
.o cede them, although the Portuguese professed I may say iitl/out remedy. Bat then there is : no f tle priyt r-
the same religion. less fearful Charybtdis,-and every young getnle- That meeiy shw to me."
This cost the Portugueseand Spaniards two re- man should beware of this also. And this reaches even to the brutes. Man is their
gular campaigns, and the evacuation of the missions Polite and gre leso y has cha which ttecor. Th have no signs to spk their feel-
was never effected. So strong was the opposition, lead off from the tweged paths of science and tail. igs. They oilfn suier piins ato sickness, when
that, by a Convention at Madrid, in 1761, it was till he spirits ,et absorbed, iind all relish for the ct. i more brutal s-ii, flying into a passion, in-:
*>greed to annul the treaty of 1750, and to suffer substantial mnployn, Ints of life, upeon which men ficts blows to ca ,.; their obedience, at sight of
things to remain in status quo, as-belore the treaty build honour. atiind/ m, and indpendenc, is lst.hichce at sight of
was signed. Portugal then continued in posses- Bewaie, there-fo.'e, jh'lfascinations, even of the no -" Mercy repss"
sion of Colonia, and retained its right to the north ral and polite --iespeci then:, and cherish ai prope "I hloo; upon every man who is cruel to his do-
-ide of the river although the Spaniards remained fueling fir such courtesies, atid i masters of Monte Video, and of some settlement.. of thln----but remnembir the a c.'M 'n finte and in ti man ; and as meriting ihe contempt of society.
in the interior. Rio Grande, that had-' been taken dependence is ;t, ecp and rugge.t; :ind that, however Mercy is the darling attribute of heaven; and so
from the Portuguese, was rc taken after the last you may think oitherVaise, the wirld hold in hi.ghci it should b of earth.
Convention. esteem the youth who is seen elmnibering, andI til- Slirit is right, in the right place. You would
This originated fi-esh disputes between the ing up those heights, and evenlthat very circle tha not stop t, chastise a dt unkard who might call you
two governments, till I~orida Blanca, in the war of seeks to count. him a member for the purposes if by vtlgar inams, allhouglh you would kick a fool,
American Indepniidence, determined to settle them merriment and pleasure, than it does. the mosi if in hirs s uses, for the same thing, should he place
with the sword ; and two nations, at peace in Eut- agreeable whio:unite ivithi it in the rounds of fash- thimselif in your wy-but then only from your
rope,fought battles in the south of Brazil. The ion and social igratificltion. Take the advice of irese.co. Vulgnrity is always thie accompaniment
Portuguese made some prisoners,-and -the paniards expericence---It is un less th- advice of flierdslrip ',f a fool. Y.u are not to follow it, to chastise it;
seized St. Catharina and Colonia, in 1777.- Look at the eminence your friends would h,lve yyou all you have to do is to kick it out of your way
Cevallos, the Spanish General, heated the prison- reach---fix yourieye steadfastly upon it---decide il- when it obt Lides into it. But, on this head,
ers with great cruehy. While he was making great on the most approved and direct route to its apex. T "lie- rile
preparations to follow up his conquest, he received anmid having marked it out, let vour watch-worni Is, -uT aroidfo o,;
orders to suspend hostilities s, as the pirelimninaries of Ibea -"onward." Let no difficulties tire---i,. Aid i t ur aentiire vl(here
a treaty had been signed. The treaty was accoid- claners appal. Taiugh your feet bleed by the 'e vugar ae.
ingly signed-in 1777 by which Portugal ceded Co- ruggedness of the wty,lct your purpose be still- I mean, to associate with such. Polite society
--on-iia -t Spiain, and her right to the navigation of : onward." Tihu deciding, ind thus acting, your will never inflict a wound on your feelings-if you
the La Plata and Uraguay. The interior bounda- thme and your fortune a-c sure. And hare you no ordy keep wihd stch, your feelings will, therefore,
ties gave the Sevenlith Missions back to Spain. incentives to this? Tink of your Father Turn eve g beandui beard.
The question was now settled, and peace was to your Mother, and your sisters, andt see their eyes "Avoid .goig in dtbt-and beware how yu
restored ; but in 1800, when Portugal was invaded fixed pon you.---hteir hopes, although these mw:y strike a suety even for a fiend-and beware whto
by a Spanish army, war broke out, once more, in have been now and then warred upon by their you make your friend. Ills innunmeibhe arise out
those countries. The Seventh Missions, and a fears, still they 7 pe. Will you permit these hopes of a waut of a proper discretion in thse things.
great back track of country, were taken possession to die, at last ? The death ,if a Mother's hope is ltak e h-ed thieeore lItlp out' fiind frely.
nf by the Brazilians. sad and calamitos affair--and if its murderer bhe ir With iyour irse : but whin that is empty, wait till
By the treaty of Badajoz, in 1S01, it ws stipu- son, how sllockirg I .. . Merci itu re filed ato hel an er lone (as far as you are able)
lated that, in America, the boundaries should con- ful God! what a lass did I sustain in a beloved min- oun disres tohelp ood Sa (as taritan ias yoth are able)
tinue to be as they were before the Brazilian con- their, when but 10 years old !--.-But thus it pleased in distress. 1 le good Sana ium is the pattern
quest. God.---Never wail there be offaced from the tablets Never su, a man tlhss cnn c/arly discover hit
By that treaty, Portugal lost, in Europe, Oliven- of in my memory ite countenince of that fond parent. :t work to deraud ; and if you do this, you ugh
za ; and the Portuguese diplomatists thnight them- So mild---so sweet.---With fecIinns so gentle and so to si cure yiorselh-but never incarcerate his body.
selhes aantlhrized to keep, as an equivalent, what tender. But her spirit, that never was seen Siffer- the lossIf ih ltiSt. ere is in thisaac itt
alhey had gained in Anmerica. i.hld ty ihose canitacs an.d breaks wthl-h covers with dliusgice the an ar capable of it.
From that time till 1807, when the Court of \ iicl Ittmluor inrc'rposed too often makes," Good inun and angels weep over the sight, For
Portugal escaped to Rio de Janeiro, diplomatic ne- was too pure and spotless to sojourn.it long in th t'ithe correct view of this, look into your bialie-see
gotiations were carried'on between the two guv- world ; and so it sought its native Hea'en, -rie ile judgment of the Deit3 upo n sch brutal doiugs,
ernments, but by which nothing was eflicted. she had coruunie her anine-and-twentieth year, leav- lie only man in the world whom God has itol
In 1810, the provinces of Rio de l:% Plata declar- ing me bereft of endearments which I loved, and of Jor'idden to drag, (or order to be dragr-ed.) his fel-
themselves independent of Spain, aud forced the that counsel which she was was so eminently qua- blw to a jail, is le who has never himself ha,d oc-
Spanish General to abandon Monte Videto, in lilied to impart...... .. .But si'c is blest. casion to icreive forgiveness at the han bIS, either
1814. Who rightly estimates the value of a mother ? of God or men. Amu who knows sa ha tone ?-
A few months afterwards, Artigas, who had pre- That guardian if our ininncy-the devoted, anx- It is seldom seen that a man wlo h;is suffered
viously proclaimed 'himself independent of Buenos ious, watchful, sufllerinig, support of our childhood ; privations has imprnhied his fellow-man-; d I
Ayres, captured. Monte Video, and thence made and thie being in wsei heart Ilope rstablish.'s her venture, to aver it, that no C-ristian ever did. I
incursions into the territories of Brazil. An army empire ; and whose fancy lights up the d'atirest know this is done, someiines, by those a\iho go to
was sent against him, Monte Video was seized, and prospects rf eOr future years-those delightful dHy, Churcl, and evrn lake lthe Sacrament-ltit there
one ofithe conditions of the capitulations was. that to come, whi n the solt whom she had nourished is not a novice in Gospel doctrines in Christendom
the city should never be surrendered to any gov- and brought up, will r ilpay all her toil, and almost who rhies not see in such a one a spirit as much at
ernment.; but that, if the Brazilian troops should give back the large drtitnIs whiih lie hid maid< upon variinice with the doctrines of tlie Saviour, as if
ever abandon the place, it should be delivered ip her life, by a lofty, an bhonorable, and a prospero'ns they were to frequent tihe highway to rb and plun-
to the local authorities. The Bandl Oriental, course, ainrd by ya 'irt' tnuis life. hle sees ir hhn, de" and kill-instead of the table taf the Lord to
therefore, has continued in the possession of Brazil, not. only the prop of hiner declining years, but the commemorate his love to man. A tree is known
since 1817. pillow, too, for the repose of her last hours. And by its fruits. Show me a man with a spirit capa-
Since this province was made part of Brazil, two our sisters, too-helpless, affectionate, and anxious, ble of sustaining the shock of ordering a fellow-
thousand persons have remained ii Bt-aziliaii pay, They, too, unito in their tenderness, andil lare in the being to jail, Tor debt, and I will show you a man
until this time; and the Government of Buenos- anxieties aindthe hopes ofa mother. What yotlh, capable of being hardened into whatever other act
Ayres has permitted it to become settled, finding with the hleartiof honor pulsatingin his bosom, would of inhumanity, or vice, in which lie may choose to
itself relieved of 2000 of the fauished. consent to wringthose hearts into agony, and spread indulge, which the Gospel forbids. THE WORLD
From this concise sketch, we draw these conclu- desolation over such feelings-imerely for the poor SHOUtLD FROWN INDIGNANTLY UPON SUCH.
sions: gratification of a spendthrift-debauclhee; or a gay Nevar, my dear friend, i ill our, free America be
That the north side of the river do La Plata was sort of a socinia-bttterfly? But there are other consi- entitled to thie epithet of freedom whilst the dis-
formerly considered a Portuguese'possession, and derations--anU these appeal to his own selfishness, graceful statue which permits imprisonment for
consequently, Brazilian. What is at mani when self-esteem dies in Itim ? t debt, ren:mrins upon our books. For whilst it is
That in the treaty of 1750, this right was clearly What is lie after all his youthful fooleries, with there, we have, and must expect to have, brutes
recognized. those whio are as'simple as himself, in dancing ithe enough, in the shape of men, to avail themselves of
Thlintyviolence alone could usurp that right in the frivolous and' giddy round of evenly istnrocent its provisions. rie oaly -emedy is its expunge-
tre-at of 1777. amnusements,"as they are called,(butfiuls, ly called,) ment-and our honour would be promoted could
'Flint Artigas was master of the Province, when when an age of weariness and satiety overtakes we obliterate from our records the actsofincarcera-
it was taken from him in lawful war, that had been him, and finds him penniless and fr ietidless ? A tion under it, which have spotted the character of
declared by him. very sneak is such a one, to whom any corner of our country since we nobly dared to be "Free and
That the G>avernmenr of Brazil, since 1817, has any, even the ineauirsl, hovel, or the worst inn's Independent States."
maintained 2000 persons of this province, and has worst roonI," is ni it too loathsome to hide him from Once more. Fear God, and trust hia. Prac-'
probably expended ten millions of dollars on the thle view of hose whose very look withers him. Need tise obedience upon the system of the Gospel. Wit-
military establishments belonging thereto. I ask what lie is, if hIl descends from the elevation lings are getting ashamed of their jests. It was
That the Republic of Buenos-Ayres owes its pre- and dignity if a m.in, aind, casting behind him his once fashionable, but that day of folly has gone by,
sent peace and internal quiet, to time occupation of high and noble facuitis, comes down to swillit with at least in this country. Ile must be a fool indeed,
this Province by the Brazilians. tie boasts ? I. .n1 :': is inadequate to the de- who would sport and jest over a book to which the
If to all these plain and forcible reasons, it 'be scription of such a ntbrte. le needs only to be world is indebted for its perceptions of ah life and
added, that Monte Video, geographically belongs to seen to be instinctir'ly despised. lHis health, his immnortalilty."
the continent on the North side of the river, andt cliharacter, his happss, and his hope-all gone "I will close, by earnestly repeating, and soli-
ihat the Republic of Buenos-Ayres cannot be as- -his miseries are of thie keenest and thIe bitterest citing it of y.u, as Ian aftfir of the utmost impor-
sailed, except at that point where foreign troops kind. As to ltis world, his case is desperate-as tance- to your happiness-NEVEtR ;O IN DEBT.
may debark, it follows necessarily, that this Pro- to thl nex I.xti -reat God Blit what ? Let a In haste, I am your friend,
vince must remain in the possession of the Govern- veil be drawn over the frightful condition of such ---- --
ment of Brazil, if general peace e the true wish an one, when ontier thle pljine-is made; that last [* The writer means, of coti-se, not to include such legal
of those professing to be the friends of mankind, plunge of a sottisli andi brultified soul! processes o is mnay be inecessairy to adjust lities, &c lbut to con-
and benefactors of the mhuinn race. a 'F These views are put before youi, ny youing fine his cautioiin to the t practice of instituting suits for debt.t
friend, for beacons, and not beCaiuse I doubt yonr \'e ge' wi-l tihe writer in tile nilai i crondetln)iig Ihe
WHAT KIND OF MiEATS ARE. MOST DIGESTIBLE. correctess of" pUp|oas. I hope mnilch from viOu. piratti'ce a;s it is iow varna'itl Yet, eea ir cvicses of debi,
[Tllustmraed by Sir ,rstley Cooper's Experimens.] But you have yore destiny in your own hands sits miay sanetiaes lie inecessay, even where tle deiear
Exp, 1.-Four dogs were severally made to swallow Feiartlll trust i 'Tlake care. Beware of every stle e an, ai ntns i oneiui ie ria>sno srili debngarei
tvo pa rt, long tmd iatrow, of ior', Iiiitoni, s-aut att 's'ou tn ke. Look wals to where it hr tads, be foare yo' n ar nar hi a utm 'th no then r e son frsun ena a eb Ot
beef. On il g ithni, an aterw s, th o akent;a die;y. ,snoroy lwayto ,,,,,,,,,, ,,l,,a,,,,
ihe beefnone. success in an i; profession. Tlihe p:iths iarn h-set -t. *'!' eri a '.taris Io us n er jus is as mucli reason for suie-
a'i ... ... ri uth difficulties, and tlhcy are steep. Diligence aid inag tiredeid, oce:lt the obji wt is Ituo liind by ai judgment any
Luxuriesin eating.-In 'tlhe ten years of the reign ol ["nnor are they whiich iviteii all, and r irtutie points tfuti ure pro rit y of whiic h thle deltor airity become possessed.
Erw]titard IV. 1470, (. Neville, brother to the Earl of thie wavitothut Theym are uny der her guardianship. But if he be hounesr Ie will I t fail to spare froni it a't iihat
rarwiek, at I ias insialmneint into the archliepiscopal see Never forsake thelim. Deceive lint yourself by Ie can spare frnom hIis nec'essary denisunts-Andil who is there
of York, entertained most oftlie nobility and plicipani thinking that you con foirsake, and then return It that corld 'tquire more? Naine ut a brute. And it' the
clergy, whlen his bill of fire was 300 quarters.of wtle t, them. II orrid dhelusion It is possible, I know- debtor bie dire lineh d to pay any such ;arireara;ges, it is easy
350 runs of ale, 104 tuns of wine, a pipe of spiced but then, tIhe risk I WVhat equals it ? VYou enough fr him o keep hiimself dIspsesse.d of liis proplertyv
wines 80 fit oxen, 6 wild balls, 1004 wetliers, 300 bogs, aight cut a summerset across the ridge-piole of ai and hold it is the n:alre if' a neis. si, lio esl or not, the
10 peaocks, 200 cranes, 200 kids, 2000 chickens, sharp-roofed ten story hocse, an id fuid, posibl, a practice of sinag, as i is carried on too generally, is, tosa
'1000 pigeons, 400 rabbits. 204 bitterns, 4000 ducks lp-me ohld s os crc d, 2 o in: ^as ds iC is voins. If rite rlajial
200 phleasaits, 500 patridges, 2000 woodcncks, 400 place to h-ld to, in y,,ur slippery descent-bnut wiho t lea o s d ra as it is etio If he oljeeis
plovers, 100 curlews, 100 quails, 100 egrets,200 rees,400 otuld dare it ? Safety, ill both cases, is about alded cruaon ]-e it sor.
backs, does, iand roelbuncls, 1500 hiot venison pastries, equally certain,-and who would dream it to belpos-
4000 coldl do. 1000 disbes ofjolly parted, 4000 dishes of sible in either ? lThe only difference is that which Cottnreas o te hnricia Famt-r 'or Jul, 15
jelly, plain, 4000 acold custardls, 2000 hot custards, 800 arises out of the vast disparity between the destruc- Corl. J. f .1. erin o c,,1 !>ierin 1on
pikes, 300 breamins, 8 seals, 4 porpoises, 400 taits. At lion of the hady, and the loss of the sonul. And m I o dy r
liris fcasut the ErmI of Warwick wais stewird, tile Eah Ian body conmeive hios great tiat udisirit is ? Native Cattle, No. S-Lorainns lhtsbandry, out
oif B eIodfod tetatumr, arnid Lotcl Fa:Si -pl itt iste^ cacuo losea stu ls s tn hot-iS, Cattle, Shasn &.-O the use of Flaxseed
withl many more noble officers; 1000 survinots, 62 mi Sthe t Wld veil to oo s L lor Fatenini Cattle-Query on Feeding with Lin-
conks, 515 menial aparitors in the kitchen. But such ne th nsaerse i seed-Aoriculture in nglund-Sutperior Merino
rwas ie fortune of this ma, thattt after this Bextreme ." Gauard well your omrpcr, in all your ittercouirse lati of Mr. Wadsworih-Pinnok's Catechism of

!....,n.i ,.,i, lie died in the most abject but unpitied po-. with society. A meek and a quiet spirit iS 01 'i'Cii- I oluded- Recipes-Si Ra g-
verty--vinctuisjacuit in summa inopia. culable value as well to one's happiness as to the ditaoil,,pospect of Cropes-Pries Current.
opinions and regards of society. A fretful and Current.
riendship.-When I see leaves drop toum thi e ireces ipevish man is ai f)ill any where; aund is sure to The it) tihe eg iutiug, of' Autumn, jrst stch, thinks I, is the be despised, besides keeping within himseit f con- Thor e the i pas-ion fgo i, an r their love of long
('I icuasint i fant rIte it ota- W ti; thinsiltof nta interact ar t.p t ortratlher their l passion for it, and their love ofa longi
lasts, mylfricites sworld., in ab d a pnce n but l tena c stant sourct- of un a;jpphness. T1his temper (I mean words, ofron leads Ithenm into laughable m nnstakes. A
lsts, ofmy need lthev leave tm i e nakdne, but ii things ai i nei k cnIi daiale temper) should be exercised gentleman Hi an inn, asked the black hostler what ttnite
man liat hallr a trn-e friend in his need-but he is ilre towards every thing, and every body. 1Front our e generally opened the *aihles; he replied that le nal-
truly hlilay that hIlh no need of t lis friend.-(Arthur companions to iur sr iv;mits, and even down to the ways slept theie, ita order to e.mgraunidae gettlhemen
Warwick.) brutes. Good will to all should govern it. And ou urgent business,"

[From the New-York Daily Advertiser.]
Extract of a letter from one of the Proprietors,
dated London, MAay 31stf, 1825.
I have not been so much gratified at any thing
that I have seen since I have been at London, is I
was this day at an exhibition atit St. Paul's Church.
On Thursdayy next is the anniversary meetiu,. of
the Charity chihlren belonging to the various
schools in andi] about London. To-day the children
all appeared for rehearsal. I really wish you could
have been here. Temporary seats were erected
under thile dome of this great building, running from
tlte floor to the height of about twenty-five feet,
around tile whole area, representing a great amn-
plhideiatre. These seats were divided by iron rait-
ing or rods, running from the floor to the highest
hienches, so as to give to each school certain space.
Th le children were marched in line into the Church,
and to tile place allotted to them; the boys occupy-
ing ten or filieen benches from the top, and the
giils the remainder of lhe benches immediately be-
l,;w them. In this way were seated about eight
thousand childr,.n. The children of each school
were differently dressed: some of the boys were
dressed wholly in red, others in blue, light blue,
brown, grey, dun colour, &c. The girls were also
dressed in various coloured garm ntis fir frocks, but
all of tihi wore aiihite aprons, white handkerchii-fs
around their necks and over their bosoms, and white
caps with borders.; but every school was distinguish-
ed by a different coloured ribbon around their caps.
The whole of, the children wore brass badges of
five or six inches in circunif rence.-The whisper-
ing of these childer-te, amid of.,4.-spepctators, with
the noise of footsteps, caust d a constant roar in this
wonderful building, which resembled the roar of'a
thousand waterfalls, and struck me with astonisl:-
ruent. For the purpose of having a full and unol:-
structed view of this most sr lendid scene, I made
my way up to what is called the Whispering Gal-
leryv. which is about 160 feet above the children
,ind 'which runs around thle dome, with iron rail-
ings, over which a person can look upon the scene
below. I have no language to describe the scene
I looked down upon. Thle distance was too great
to distinguish the faces of the children. The va-
rious schools of females were distirncly marked,
and I can only compare them and th-ir movement
to rich beds of tulips, fanned by a gentle breeze.
Sometimes, when no motion was preceptible, tl.e
child en, of one school, would resemble an immense
b' spread, elegantly ornamented with various col-
ours, which their gowns, their white aprons, the
colout of the ribbon on their caps, and their faces.
would form. Looking in another direction, the
children appeared like so many hundred rolls of
cotton which had been carded and stood up in rows,
each roll having an ornament on the top, and when-
ever the whollo of thtm rose up, the motion appear-
ed as though the wind had gently bended over their
heads; and when they sat down, as if their heads.had
again become righted.
The appearance of the male children also had a
most singular effect. Sitting close together, at the
distance I n.ked upon them, each school appeared
ti lie one solid mass, and, varying from each other
in their dress, earh could be distinctly seen. They
appeared to me like laige squares of most elegant
fl',.'or cloth : their dresses, their white neck cloths,
(worn with so much regularity,) their faces and
heads, foi ming the various colours. The whole ap-
pearance of these children was truly deceptive to
thle eye, yet most beautiful. But when they all
sung together, and with such precision as to time-
that not a' discordant or misplaced notewas heard,
accompanied by lie great organ,-which is almost
immediately under thie dome, how can I convey to
you the effect of eight thousand voices and the
sounds of the organ, all ascending the. great dome,
upon my ears. It was deafening, yet so sweet, and
so full of melody, and so distinct withal, that every
word of the psalms was heard. The vast concave-
seemed ready to burst with the melody, which pass--
ed the gallery where I stood, and ascended to its
top, which is nearly four hundred feet above those-
from whom the music proceeded. Truly, such a.
scene as this I never expected to witness, but it was
my good fortune to be present, and never, never can
it be elTicred fromn my memory.
It was a considerable time afier I reached the
gallery, ere I could look over the railings upon the
srene below, such appeared the distance and so
alarmed were my fears lest by dilapidation tie rail-
ing might give way, and send me down upon tile
mass beneath. These fears, however, gradually
subsided, as I saw others, and females, standing in
crowds against the railings, but more particularly
as my feelings were moved and soon interested with
tile heavenly sounds, arising as though it were
almost to tlte very skies, from eight thousand living
voices, returning thanks to GAd for those great
charities which they were receiving through his in-
finite goodness and mercy. I remaitied until the
whole ceremony was finished. On Thursday it
will be repeated, when the Royal family, and the
nobility of England, will probably be present.
In addition to the children, there were from 4 to
6,000 persons pi sent. These occupied benches piec-
ed immediately under the dome on the floor in t!.e
centre of the children, and which run along one of
the great halls, or passages, the back seats being
elevated, giving the spectators a full view of the
whole. In the centre of these benches is a pulpit,
but not elevated, where the service is performed.
One person directs the whole of the singing. lie
uses so aething in Ins hand like ;i-tile, vhich lie ec-

seen ba "ttle organist in a tatiria)" netar the orIaan,
which directs him when to play. I shall endeavour
to get in on Thursday, if possible. The members
of the Church, &c. are allowed to eive a ticket a-
way, but the w hole number of citizens admitted is
snaill, in consequence of the room required by the
v-.-it- .- .- ...
Port Tobacco, ( 3id.) July 4, 1S25.
"pItE iundersigned tenders Ins proliesi.:'iol ser-
JL ,ll:- ii it r-liy, rii' i ,ir 'li'S Curu' Iy; also a t l[ie cii-
t'HIL1.' B KEY,
July 1C-3;ww .w Attorney at Law..

Ojfice of the Commissioners for Draining the Low
(Grountds, 'c. Jul/ 9thi, 1825.
O)ROtPSALa will ln' re-re.inel aii ris.oftici intil Fuitdu'
iY 2Cd iiel. lorii seaieig Ihe (uil) [Io in i nc rd ]ia ii"r tir
tooiwa;.y on the routai side l" Itta'iiusr |,n',i;n Aveinlue., 'iroma the
houn-e nai' e ec' tel iI square B,bi m\ m. a- \a' ,o luirt
stcrno t est; sal i.1op sals loslirs te eiowiv''- ricoper s-uare
all ld tir tha painvaiiru'sr, ;iabA li' illh- ino I' iirila inn -iii -ure ior
lie Cu'b btone, .. ..... .;: aih ni>alrian r which are o
1 bio ofl tihe besi .' l I.. i, i 'non iiit e lI laid dowii in ai
iat six orr!ei s oi lhi r'r river .s andi., llu u iV)!t Io be execate',!
l a oi uu kmarirtta Ik-- niniih r

1'po:al," will also oi1 ia he same limen b i' rl ceivedi fir solne
thollausaad feet o ra 'aliii. similar to that in fir ltm o'f hlie De-
)ai tn'eint oi i iait, aviai i it re e itirS is tiii of io v, a cedar tose;
and pad lildaiatiiak, w'aitt a re to be a"II lay ue con'rt"Iclr'r.
i lie in) r1 to e ii sln fiCCteet ainlli, alld iivi'e 'r'i liigl, kProposali:
to ita ie tih |iiWe pi' r nnh' iii lIotor yaard.
By) Orderofthe C wj'i,

July 15.

'1110, T. NVOYES,