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&UTAW'5 AFRANMG8 P, BLAIR.
II~ ~P. &LAIR& *jOHN C. RIVES,
'* B B '.
Daily papr by the year .. t OO
.o 'foo iealuha.a year, 50 cSnts per month.'
C iodnaionat Globe during the session or Congress -'81 00
.: Appffdi.u dtio 1 00
ttubaCriptioni to the Daily for les than two, ur" to the Semi-
W'.a k(....u1813i1an %.ur months, will not be received.
p irta ay dicouim" t"e papets at any time by
yjit f the time thoy fare feexiredtin; but not without.
b! .WfHMbho acMribe z a yetr.,anl doDnoE at *e time of
..bwtiblng order a discobtinuanie at the ul of it, will be con-
sidored sulbcrioers uatJ Wy order the paper to be stopped,
and pay ar.fdaf&aL
Twle.le or es taI. n bt w neo, 81 00
yddi@OsaliBrtt~n;- 0 26
ljM~lla m- H me fagepdilaFroportwn.
A MlWi.et mde to tAosa who ailvertise by the year.
4tI o bem4 in advance. Thse. wth have nut
D mpaarfg~eriatrty remit by niiail, at our
lH f|aM* Tf ePotnaster's ceruticase of suc ?a-
an a auAejent receipt therefor. The notes of
-. sl g bank h w1 be reeived.i'
16 gWteo anl order, snteas the money.
SI au e cr tcale, that U &a been remitted, m-
Stc- the ? Prelorietors charged with Postage
"ao be gas of the Pasa Qice
^ yVENIN., APRIL 9, 1839.
0 WA4DE',t3ACK CADE.
|'J igemcer of this morning has
a dlil eWt o t it calls "Loco-Foco-
ismifb it tepr.ints as embodied in SnHAKS-
Cektadt is,-it seems to us, rather a
repra t ow some of the principles of modern
..)P ,f'aiber w6F;a Mortimer," says Jack, "my
m.otrher &.l atagaait, may *ife descended of the
.Wi FAad Jaek boasting of his connection
ity and ryalr, Just azwmodern Whigs do
h& Me lvesine; nwhinuthey W, fn hd
si_ enough to listen to them.
9't I am--I am able to endure much-I
fear sword nor fire. Be brave then, for your
pae, and vows rformaiion.'1
thi is like the speeches of certain
Sb higs in Congress. We need not
M mes. The reader's memory will supply
uia shall be no money,"
'Whig doctrine exactly. To what to do all
the. usrt of the Whigs tend, but to leave the coun-
trjcthou a standard or measure of value-to
bah gold and silver-and leave us with nothing
pf'paper? Jack was evidently no friend to the
Tht he wis a cordial supporter of the "credit
system," is plain frim the -follopwing passage:
"~b~i*. My lord, when shall we go to Cheap-
side, dtake up commo.lities on our bills?
.'"C.I. Marry, presently.
YML. 0 brave!".
ierewe find Jack and'all his comrades support-
tog the political economy of the National Intelli-
geocer. "'There" shall be no money, and we will
talk up .cmmodities on our bi!ls." The credit
sykWmt*thly. Whiggery to the back bone And
yet the Editor of the rntelligencer wishes to have
tbifs pimitive opponent of metallic medium, and
cordial supporter of "the credit system," regarded
aesabodyimg the spirit of "Loco Focoism!"
r*givie eWow an extract showing the conve-
nineeuandeBommodation of the Branch Mint in
North Carolitaio the farmers there, who turn their
AJ4iO to gathering the particles of gold out ot
#the 0--Tbere is no doubt that the prompt assay-
ing a4 cinage of their ore stimulates the industry
of)wiose lands contain it; and in this way the
Mfinh exert a most useful influence, adding largely,
amlusly, to the circulation of. the precious metals
MB us. But this system of making money of
.a value, drawn from the earth with the
*~~~~ MWM B~iy Sl11tEYf tr~Efapt thieexcbanri&'
of commerce, is looked upon with~great jealousy
by those who would supplant the currency of gold
aoisilver by an exclusive paper currency, made
current by a sort of patent right, without reference
to'its convertibility. These schemers of the corpo-
rations are weak enough to believe that they can
find the philosopher's stone in their charters. It is
a fatal mistake. The -mints form the only sure
foundations on which the banks can stand. We
were amazed, therefore, when we found the whole
National Bank party in Congress striving to break
down the Southern mints, and still more astonished
to find that their partisan functionaries in the South
would aid them in the effort. Mr. MONTGOMERY,
of the Raleigh district, in an able address to his
constituents, exposes this attempt,; which he so
effectually contributed to arrest in the House of
Extraet from Mr. Montgomery's circular.
"Who does not know that the individuals, as
well as Governmenti, that depend least upon bank
paper credits, and rely mostly upon a specie circu-
lation, are most free from panic and pecuniary
embarrassments? Look to Great Britain, with her
long experience and talents. She has a specie cir-
ullation of four hundred millions of dollars.
Ranice has one hundred and fifty millions, mostly
small coin, and there money pressures rarely occur.
The United States has from eighty to one hundred
millions, and about forty millions of this has been
imported into this country since the passage of the
dd. bill in 1834, against which the Bank men
votd. We have had deposited, to be coined, gold
from the mines of the United States since 1824,
P0X98,26. Of thiIi :um $2648,500 were from
the mines of North Carolina. During the year
,18, there were coined at the mints $15,780,311
piee.,a amounting .in value to $4,206,540. Yet,
stiamge2 to tell, but true, these branch mints
were violently'attacked in Congress by a North-
eri Antimason-Abolitibn-Bank Whig, and a pow-
erful effort made to close all three of the
suhi'ern branch mints, and stop their further coin-
age. And, what may seem more strange, is the de-
claration of his excellency Governor Dudley, in
his, -late message to the Legislature, page 6, in
which hisexcellency uses this language: "We have
already-a mint without coin, an arsenal without
ned, collectors and hosts of custom-house officers
at all our ports of entry, as postmasters like the
toeCsts of Egypt," &c. This passage, coming from
Ihe high source it did, was. greatly relied on by
Northern Whigs, and all those opposed to Southern
institutions. But, notwithstanding the powerful
and unexpected attack from the North, aided, as it
wasby the message of his Excellency. we met
"THE WORLD IS GOVAINED TOO :MUCH."
CITY OF. WASHINGTON. -SIEi .ii/.--
*.;" ,_____ ___ W f iR 1'* -- k **-* ;
THE PENINSULA OF Vi.n1,-,.
Great is the error which has prevailed as to the
'ralue and importance of this peninsula. It is a di-
vision of our territory of great commercial, agri-
cultural, political, and military importance, and
the highest considerations ofnationaJ policy require
it to be reclaimed from the savages, covered with
our population, and made subservient to all our
views of strength, security, and interest.
In the first place, it is a country of great extent,
not less than forty thousand square miles, counting
whatis east of the Suwannee, up-to the Georgia
'ine. This great extent of country is, what its de-
scriptive appellation imports,.almost an island, be-
ing surrounded by'the .sea, except where it touches
Georgia and West Florida, It-presents a sea coast
of/nearly one thousand miles in circuit, and must
necessarily hare maritime interests and a maritime
population, engaged in commerce, in the fisheries,
in the coasting trade, and in trade -with the West
Indies. Independently of the pursuits of agri.
culture, it- will support a, numerous population.'
In the next place, it is a salient angle of the coun.
try; it is a tongue of land projecting itself.,.three
'attndr!d iiles beyond the genera li # aour
Southern frontier, and extending itself dWwn to the
neighborhood of the British possessions io the Ba-
hama Islands, and the Spanish possessions of Cubal
and it is surrounded by islands and keys belonging
to the United States, and? which must be possessed
and defended by us, of which will be occupied by
others- to our annoyance, and to their domination in
the Gulf of Mexico. In a military point of view,
the complete possession, occupation and defence of
the whole peninsula of Florida, is of the highest
importance to the Southern 'States, and to the se-
curity of all our interests on the Gulf frontier. No
military eye can overlook this peninsula in pro-
viding for the common defence of the country; and
now, that we -have undertaken to reclaim and pos-
sess it, no earthly consideration should induce the
abandonment of that plan.
In the third place, and contrary to all previous
belief, *ere is a great deal of good land in this
peninsula, capable of forming compact and,strong
agricultural settlements, and extremely valuable
on account of the productions which it admits of.
On this point we present the following extract
from Dr. LAwsoN'S letter, which, being the result
of perisonaLobservation, may be fully confided int
"There is an extensive range of country and of
very good land between the cove of the Withlacoo-
chee and Silver Spring branch, at the head of navi-
gation on the Ocklawaha, and there are many good
tracts between these two rivers, extending to the
Indian settlement called Pilaklikaha, where there
is another body of good land.
"This section of country is capable of supporting
several thousand inhabitants; there is a plenty of
game in it, and the rivers and lakes in the vicinity
afford fish in-'abundance; and, withal, it has the
advantage of water communication by the Withla-
co .'chee with the Gu f of Mexico, and through the
Ocklawaha and the St. Johns river with the Atlan-
tic. In additionto these considerations, there are
several healthy points in the country, particularly
in the vicinity of Fort King; and here a large set-
tleinent should be made, as it-will,.be the barrier
between the Indians and the white elements and
constitute the base ifopferations.
*"' rwe.-aerwvm W*bod "adatds on PaNlukehwpto
both necf'the head of Ahe river were it is called
Pease Creek, and on the lower banks near the
head of Charlotte's harbor.
"There are three or four good tracts on or near
the banks 'of the Coloosa-Hatchee, particularly in
the vicinity of Port Thompson, at the great cross-
ing of the river. Fish and game abound, I believe,
-in this region. I am not so satisfied as to the
healthfulness of this section of the country; but it
should be occupied at all risks, as it is on the line
of the nearest practicable route between the Gulf
and the Atlantic 'side of the peninsula.
"A few good tracts can be gotten on shores, and
on the islands within Marcus sound, near Cape
"There is a beautiful tract of land on Pavilion
river, ten or twelve leagues southeast of Cape Ro-
man, and some parcels of good land may be found
on the banks of Shark river, and on the shores
of Lake Manitou, ten leagues still farther east.
"At Cape Sable there is a beautiful 'spot for a
military post and depot for a colony, which should
be established on a prairie,running east and by north
from that Cape ,along the coast towards Cape Flo-
rida. This prairie runs-immediately on the sea
shore for thirty-five miles, then !urns a little north
and to the interior of the country. From what I
saw of the products of the land on the cape and
the islands in the vicinity, I am induced to believe
that the soil of this prairie will produce in great
perfection grain and vegetables of every kind, with
sugar cane, cotton, &c &c. Through the prairie
mtere are numerous clumps anca groves of trees.
which will afford both fuel and building timber
for the settlers. The keysand sand-bars in front
of the cape make an excellent harbor for steam-
boats and vessels drawing from six to ten feet wa-
ter. The waters along this coast are full of turtle,
and fish of every kind, and the prairie and woods
around abound in game.
* "The immediate site of Cape Sable is evidently
healthy, as are almost all situations directly on the
sea board; and I have no doubt that healthy posi-
tions can be gotten on the prairie, as the climate is
delightful even in the summer season, from the
prevalence of the sea breeze, or trade winds.
"There are a ls good tracts of land on New
River, and a great body of it on Indian River, both
on the Atlantic tide of the peninsula; and near
this last river, on St. Lucie's sound, another set-
tlement should be made. This section of country,
being within the influence of the sea atmosphere,
should be healthy; fish abound in the rivers and
sounds about, and game perhaps is plenty in the
General HERNANDEZ, a native of St. Augustine,
and every way well acquainted with East Florida,
and the peninsula, also,, thus speaks of it in a let-
ter to the Military Committee of the Senate:
gree, independent of the West .Indies, except in the
at ticle of coffee, which, I think, cannot be there
raised,'owing to the blighting winds of autumn
passing across the narrow peninsula. Sugar, Cuba
tobacco, and all the otherstaples and fruits of those
islands, I believe will be cultivated in great abun
dance in Florida. These articles, together with
the orange of the country, which is more highly
valued than that of other places, with tle aid of
steamboats and railroads, can be sent to the North-
ern and Western States in full perfection.
"That Florida is also destined to be a great silk
producing country is placed beyond a doubt."
How different is the idea which these rsponsi-
ble letters give us of East Florida from that -which
had been previously entertained. Heretofore the
whole peninattla was thought to be uninhabitable
swamps, or barren sand and pine lands, and the ex-
tremity of the peninsula especially a low, sunken,
wet, dreary waste of sand and ,swamp. Instead of
this we find large bodies of rich, dry land, capable
of producing sugar, cotton, and Cuba tobacco;
the pine barrens, as we would call them, capable
of producing the most valuable tropical fruits;, the
orange, lemon, fig, plantain, cocoa, and the mul-
berry tree, in such perfection that, bearing leaves
nine months in thejear, it .po*ul*4 three gene-
rations of silkl worms in the year, and consequently
give three crops of cocoons. Going to the extreme
poini of the peninsula, and there is found, in a sin-
gle body, sixty miles of rich land, by twenty wide,
all high and dry, with a lime rock foundation, like
the Bahama islands possess, with a good harbor for
vessels of light draught. All this 'presents the pe-
ninsula of Florida as a valuable country in a mere
agricultural point.of view; an aspect under which
its contemplation must, by no means, be confined.
Fourth. The peninsula of Florida is valuable for
its fisheries. All the officers who have served in
that quarter, speak in terms of admiration, both, of
the quantity and the excellence of the fish which
are taken there, and that both oh the Gulf and At-
lantic shore. General JEsUP, in relation to these
fisheries, usesthis strong language: "The coasts of
Florida afford as valuable fisheries, in proportion to
their extent, as the banks of JNewfoundland." Great
is the number of vessels, mostly Spanish, which
are now engaged in fishing on these coasts. They
fish nearly the whole year round, salting down the
parcels as fast asthey are taken,-and pushing off fo
Cuba, and other islands, to make sale of their car-
go as soon as the vessel is filled; thus finding a
market within a few days' sail. With the peninsu-
la settled, all this valuable fishing would fall into
the hands of our citizens, and would be a great
source of profit to them, and a fine nursery of sea-
men for the country. &reat, also, are the supplies
of turtles and oysters-in this quarter. It is the best
turtle ground on this side of the South seas, and
New Orleans and the West Indies, and some At-
lantic cities, now derive large supplies from them.
D:r.The Spaniards, who now fish in this quarter,
are a main cause of the Indian hostilities. Upon
the co'ntiiuance nf these hostilities depend "the con-
tinuance of their lucrative occupation, with all the
attendant advantages of plundering wrecked ves-
sels. From these Spanish fishermen the Indians
obtain abundant supplies ofarms and ammunition,
and are encuraged tetfntin'ue the kar. They
and the Indians can hardly be told apart; and many
officers are fully of opinion that they are engaged
in many of the massacres which take place about
the point of the peninsula.
Fifth. Florida is valuable for its forests of pine
and live oak, the former for the lumber trade, and
the latter for the navy.
Sixth. In connection with the keys and islands
which line the coasts and belong to it, this penin-
sula is also to be of great value for salt. It ap-
proaches within two degrees of the tropic of Can-
cer, and has the same advantages which most of
the Bahama islands is the chief, for the manufac-
ture of this prime necessary of life. Sunshine and
sea water are the elements of this production, and
theseare possessed by the Southern extremity of
the peninsula and the circumjacent ishs and keys.
Seventh. This part of Florida is the o part
of the United States which will produce the famous
Cuba tobacco, generally worth about thirty dollars
a hundred in the United States, and the fine flavor
of which has made us so largely tributary to Cuba
for cigars and snuff.
Eighth. All the coast of the peninsula is healthy.
This is attested by all the officers who have been
there. In this, the coasts, and especially the ex-
treme point, resemble the islands of the West
Indies, being open to the healthy, cooling, and in-
vigorating breezes of the sea. The health of the
interior -parts depends'upon local causes, and may
be considered on a par with the neighboring parts
of Middle Florida and Georgia.
Ninth. Th, peninsula of Florida is the only part
of the United States which possesses a tropical cli-
mate, and which can produce the tropical fruits
and other products, for which we are now so large-
ly tributary to foreign countries.
From these views, it is evident that the peninsu-
la is not the uninhabitable morass, the barren pine
waste, and the insalubrious climate, whichr it has
been thought to be, but that it is intrinsically valu-
able in itself, able to sustain a large population in
the various pursuits of agriculture, commerce, fish-
ing, lumbering, etc. and, from its position and
form, indispensably necessary to be possessed, set-
tled, protected, and defended by the United States.
Strong military works should be at or near Cape
Sable, and on other parts of the coast, and in con-
-. -' '*. --------- 11 TT.. -1 N ^- r
MONEY M KET.-
The following expositio pf the true causes of
the exciting pressure in the money market will be
regarded with much defere- e'by"all wh6 are fami-
liar with the talent and sag -ity of the 'Editor of
the Charleston Patriot po all subjects connected "
with commerce and finance It is indeeA lamenta-
ble that our commercial "iA should bo punished
for the mismanagement ofl h -banks as have en-
grossed a great portion of e cottorn crop. The
merchants are now reapingn on a smdall-scale, the
-fruits of their short-sighted mor for rdief. What
would have been the preset -ndition of the coun-
try, had the schemes of M' 'CLAY, BTDDLE, and
WEBSTER, in 1837, been lted? Tha State of
Mississippi, with its great k and it littlHie banks,
all grinding the people as, tween the upper and
nether millstones, may rd the people of the
other sections of (he Unif a slight idea of the
blessings of paper relief.
The Northern papers loef from the existing
pressure for money, that banks geftrally have
resumed specie paym-nts it to early .a.fperid. In
this conclusion we cannotf:i ling
scArcity o1. money is dojib 6wbV'w.a back-'
wardness in shipptng the co
for the period it continuesat a deficiency in the
crop, or to a fall in its valne'in the foreign market,.
The amount of funds lockeup in consequence of
speculative operations in t article throughout the
United States, and heavy ad nces in the Southern'
ports, on country accountfor parties who are
holding over, su.licienIly ac nt for the pressure on
the' money market, without p1.oking to extraneous
causes for that pressure. ,son as shipments of
the great medium of paym*llts for our foreign im-
portations are made on a sale commensurate to
the receipts, almost. instan1neous relief will be
felt. Those importations h'te not been so much
beyond the resources of th. country as to occa-
sion any thing but a teinpory inconvenience. If
the value in the foreign market of our principal
staple, should not advance i a corresponding de-
gree with the deficiency in ts quantity, the large.
amount of American securitiwhich has been sold
in the Londotr market, will lWave a sum in British
funds to draw against, that will more than restore
the balance and equalize theexchainges.,
Extract from a recent article-in the United States
Gazette, as to its new ass -iates in politics,and
-their complaints. It is lawful at times to be taught
by an enemy. I
From the United Stes Gazelle.
It is surprising to observeljtow soon past events
are forgotten, wholly or pa*alhy, and how easily
men slide into errors, and indulge themselves in
At the celebration of the iftieth anniversary of
the Constitution of the UniteiStates, Colonel John
Campbell gave the following toast: "The first
Treasury system under the present Constitution; the
work of James Madison andof-Alex'ander Hamilton;
it has never been improved by subsequent legisla-
tion, and under proper regulations, it.can never be
How is it possiblee that my man of a tolerable
acquaintance with our history can call the first
Treasury system the work of James Madison and
of Alexander Hamilton! So far i.- this from the
ruth, that James Madison -opposed the most im-
portant articles in that system, with all his powers.
Mr. Madisoa proposed the plans of DISCRIMItA-
TION; that is; that in funding. _e debts of the United
Sitateorthe- original ,holdlW-af "eertifieales should
receive a part of their value, although the certifi-
cates had been alienated. He also opposed the
assumption of the State debts. On both these ar-
ticles' Mr. Madison made long speechesin direct
opposition to Mr. Hamilton's scheme. The
speeches may be found in the Gazette of the
United States. On discriminatwion, three colums
and a half in the paper of March 3, 1790; and in
opposition to the assumption, more than five co-
lums in the paper of May 19, 1790.
Equally surprising, is the ignorance or misrepre-
sentation of men in regard to the origin of the
proscriptions, or removals from office for party pur-
poses. One leading Whig paper in Washington
announces, again the guillotine is at work," and
another, the reign of terror," "where are we!'
Do we live under a f, ee Government, or under a de-
spotism?" And then follows a long tirade about
the injustice and demoralizing tendency of these
proscriptions, just as though this practice were now
just began, in the displacement of the postmasters
in Washington and Albany. If the men who
wrote these paragraphs do not-know any better
than to denounce Andrew Jackson and Martin
Van Buren as the'authors or beginners of this prac-
tice, they are certainly very incompetent to direct
public opinion on this point.
No, gentlemen, this is not a novel proceeding.
The process was commenced by Mr. Jefferson,
thirty-eight years ago. In a letter to Col. Monroe,
dated March, 1801, he writes thus: "I have firmly
refused to follow the counsel of those who have
desired the giving offices to some of their leaders,
in order to reconcile (the Federalists.) [have given,
and will give only to Republicans, under existing cir-
cumstances. But 1 believe with others, that depri-
vations of office, if made on the ground of political
principles alone, would revolt our new converts, and
give a body to .leaders who now stand alone.' Some,
I know, must be made. They must be as few as
possible, and done gradually, and bottomed on
some malversa ion or inherent disqualification
Where we shall draw the line between retaining
all and none, is not yet settled, and will not be, till
we get our administration together; and perhaps
even then we shall proceed a tatons, balancing our
measures according to the impression we perceive
them to make."
Here we have disclosed to us the policy of the
man. He was deter gained to reward his supporters,
but the was afraid to go too fast; he thought it ne-
cessary to make some removals, but as few as pos-
sible, and thus feel along to ascertain the effect of
his proscription on his new converts.
And what did he do? Why, he removed Mr.
Kittera, Mr. Hodgdon, ard Mr. Miller, the two
latter old public servants; Mr. Harrison, Mr. Giles,
Mr. Fish, Mr. Sands, Mr. Watson, of New York,
some of them old officers of the Revolution; Mr.'
Goodrich of New Haven, Col. Chester of Wethers-
field, Mr. Whittlesey of Middletown, Mr. Otis of
D >J T1 ty I _P/ _-1
aiond af fhe reshe ra tinwhichmixtheattn mretie o hecu.Tei O aLUvt i. Ttt LU o wlJ 41 Ctu6 UL Jt 0.L
tion.of the reader, and bring the matter so directly without exception, show similar changes. The true aided the Government in coercing a resumption in
home, that the candid and intelligent mind cannot spirit is evidently at work among them1 and nothing Philadelphia, and there is every reason to believe
avoid yielding to the conviction that this. is the can check-it. It is in the cities and manufacturing they will adhere to the policy which has heretofore
broad and general truth, towards which the world districts -that the delusions of 'Federalism have governed them; and while the Democrats are in the
has been so long and so painfully tending, hitherto been most successful. We have already ascendant in Pennsylvania,,Mr. Biddle may not be
S[Pennsylvanian. taken from the ePemy two of the cities, Middle- willing to hazard th ,consequences of another sus-
Th- p'an" ra town and New London, and came very near carry- pension. The banks of New.. Orleans, it is,to be
The panic produced by the intemperate Whig ing a third, besides reducing the majorities very hoped, are now convinced they are able to pay their
speeches in Congress on the Maine question, and: much in all the rest. .As for the Democratic far- debts without the aid of a currency furnished by
by their proceedings elsewhere in relation to the mirs, they stand as they always have stood, firm as Mr. Biddle; and unless New York, Philadelphia
same subject, is not the only cause of the present} the everlasting hills. Our friends abroad may rest and New Orleans lead theway another general
stagnation of trade. There is another reason ope-, assured that the Democracy of'old Connecticut is -suspension cannot occur under existing- circum-
rating powerfully to the same end, for which the' unterrified, and of good cheer; well organized, rea- stances.
Whigs also are exclusively accountable. It is the; dy and anxious for another fight, and determined The threats and predictions of 'Whig leaders on-
combination formed by Mr. Biddle with the South-. never to leave the field till they come off con- ly disclose their wishes. They desire the destruc-
ern banks, in concert with other speculators, to querors. tion of the State banks, and will destroy* henm, if.
keep back the cotton crop of -the country, with a Some of thWhigs deny that they had even permitted to control-them.-,' -
view of forcing up the prices on the other side of
tie water.fr ien, or heard, or read, any of Copeland'. Aboli- .
^, ,., 'tin iptps ahoiffhthp hae hpn nhIsh The'Baltimgore Sun, a neutral paper, makes the,
The quantity which could at once be sent for- tion letters, although they have been published The Baltingoremark Sun, a neutral paper, makes rh
ward is immense, and, at present prices, sufficient, weekly for Ihe last three months. No one has had, follwig remarks upon the biographer fM.
to pay our indebtedness there. By keeping itback so much to say on the subject for the last three, Clay, and jester of"all the decency" party:
the rate ourf exchange between the two countries s months as this "Whig" representative from the "We have neither seen nor heard any thing of
thforced up to the point at which speie maktwo countries the' town of Hartford-a fellow totally unfit for the. that gentleman since, to .convince us to the contrary;
forced up to the point at which specie makes the' Kn^ ^ teirc^^^ adfolCnetcuwud reclaim her fugi-
best remttance. The banks are daiy drawn on place-who was not the first choice of twenty free- and if old Connecticut old 'reclaim her fugi-
besfor that r pean i s one af t rh ass that men in town, but who was palmed upon them, like tlivesd from public justice, old Kentucky 'and the
or that purpose, and it is one otl ie causes that rumbull by the old Bank. It was thought ne- press would be relieved of one of the most consumn-
The attes compt to raise thdue their dic f oun great sta-. cessary to secure the votes of free-niggJrism, and, mate blackguards that ever disgraced the pr6fes-
The attempt to raise the price'of oni great sta.;e daTrm f^^ so.ndoewoarwl escae engcgdi
pIe by artificial means may enrich a few, but the' the Whigs did as Trumbull and the juuta decreed,' gson, and one who narrowly escaped being 6aged in -
healthy action of trade is embarrassed, and the re- and elected an Abolitionist to represent Hartford. the Hartford penitentiary, by leaving that quarter
healthy action of trade is embarrassed, and the re-,adeetda 6toM 0 ^^btentody.
gular trading merchant is the sufferer. [Hartford (Ct.) Times. between two days. -)
This combination to raise prices has been met by' OPINIONS OF JEFFERSON.-A writer in a late Public anxiety is still on thd stretch for news-
one in England to keep them down.-.Mew York number of the Cobourg Star, who boasts of having, frqm Mexico. We want to hear how.it ha;' fated
Evening Post. "resided in the United States during twenty years, with Tampico, and whether the Central Govern-
SOattempting to trace what he calls the progress of. meant has thought proper to ratify the late conveh-
GREAT COTTON CARGOES.-The ship Talleyrand our "atrocities," thus alludes to the Presidency of lion with France. As late as the 20th niutL no in-
cleared at Natchez on the 29th ult. with a cargo of* Jefferson: ; telligeace of the ratification had been, received at
two thousand one hundred and sixty bales of cot-', "It was not until the Presidency of Thomss Jef-1 Vera Cruz; but there had been barely lime for the
ton, weighing eight hundred and eighty-five thou- person, a man in whom all the vices of. ,ataline courier to go and' coni' between that city and the
sand and six hundred pounds-the largest cargo were predominant, that the ascur.ed leaven of De-"capital. It is probable Bustamente may have taken
ever taken frhm Natchez. mocracy irretrievably corrupte4, -t.. public, mind, several days to consider, before approving the con-
The GrandGulf Advertiser states that the ship and brutalized nearly the whole Wale population." ditions.--V. 0. Courier of April 1.
Franklin, which left that port on the 25th ult. had This is truly afine outburst of indignation from, '
on board one thousand eight hundred and eighty- a man who has lived here unlynched and unhug' It is evident to our apprehension tha: the greatest
six bales cotton, weighing seven hundred and iine. for twenty years! What a gentlemanly desciipi chance for the recovery of political power by the
ty-nine thousand nine hundred and ninety-on e tion, too, of one of the first men of the age in whlichi Tories in England would be the involvementof
pounds.-Baltimore Ameican. ile lived. Jefferson aCatiline! Verily we congra- that country in war. During peace the work of
-_ '' ~~~~~.%..- _C r --^*i-ro cA*, mJI A** n- n n fi-nn l 1 rp /"i nn!,kPfc f tn
- 1 ~u~- ~
l- .*pU FROM LATE FOREIGN 0tNAl.
,JmrT op SPZEED ON RAILWAYS.-Dr.: LardnWtetas
d e't.atverql,'y experiment., recrnily made ona the
LiverpoOl anid MNarche-twr rAilway,ihati the a1n- -G
If'hbe^ e is an pltneni uf rai)-way yNecti-n formi-
Sab an hts ver been .su.peci:dl. 4t Lhiry-iwoU
r:" ...i t' a san h- ur, the r',s-.siiance iti cifers-i.is nearly
S" .-: "T ,'rx. IVper cetit- of all that the steam power has to,
S" eitijunir; auidit increaai. in apropoitiop so enur-
.. .' '* .i'ii '. 'i -' .. .. ... ....i r mtously greater than l the speed .hat there is not the --
VO IY,.. 7"slightest Possibility of any uc6 velocily of transit
-VOL. 1X" 1T..J0. 37 being gained as some (and among them rinne more
"': ....' ardently than Dr. Lardoei'-hhnseltf)' have anltici-
SN P t I -pated. It is ascertained that even forty mni0 : an
THURSDAY EVENING, A PHIL 11, 1839. hour cannot be maintamed except'at a ow i .,
-, ,,\, __,___r__-__, _.amounts practically lto a prohibition,. -
From the Charleston Courier, JAprii 1. From L/ dthv. Hmn(Com,.) Rgiter. AVERAhE OF A MILITARY LLFE.-The Saavi,"es a
DEATH OF C-IANCELlX)t DESAU8SURE. THE" ELECTION, human ie.in.ainaiimilitary alish s ,
This venerable man and useful citizen departed EAT DEMOORATIo AINS!! in our eastern sessions and estirn 'Coloi ls
inou estrnpo.sessioths, an~d irestern cot ..es i
this life'on Friday last, in this city, having passed The Federalists still maintain their ascendancy immense. The averige lite of a soldiers', WBi-
the boundary. of three score and ten, and reached in Con0ecticut, thu6agh by a majority greatly re- abroad, is not more tb*S even years; thus w0.gv
the advanced age of seventy-five years. In the duced from what it was last year.. Ouar gains, in to raise,a fresh army always.in tIbI riefjL.i
dawn of manhood he participated in ourRevilu proportion to the votes est, are about the same as In Sierra LeoIe it is not.mrer t lhi w "
tionary struggle, having gallantly borne arms in de- they were in Maine andm New Hampshife; but as thus, fort a settlement the. mO-st uisPdeo1 1 4
fence of Charleston against the invading foe. After we had met with greater, duiaier iai the panic, and greatest expense is lncriret, and tthe d-
the achievement of oir independence, and the, or- had more votes to overcome, we have not obtaiae' struciion is .the comequenef. Thias a|8 -
ganizationof our. present system of Government, enough yet to put us into a majority.' Governor worthy p. serious ondtraion ao
he received ftom the Father of our Country the ap- Ellsworth's majrlty will be about 1,300; last year pism; political economists are t o "41s-
gointment of Director of the Mint at Philadelphia, h majority was more han 4i000. Our gain on weigh it in its irite light. .. .'.*.... ..-
having been the second to fill,that office, (the Ve- the Governor vote, wil aot be far from 3,000. .31 CH-Ps.--Thi '' A '"
nera be and celebrated Rittenhouse haviiig pre- Jodge itea has taken a grieter Democratic vote AU 16 CHEaPS.-ThI1
ceded him,) and we learn that he retained and took tB!A any man ever obtained before in Connecticut. 'qiac), or spersitioh-wio .
pleasure 40 the last, in exhibiting to his friends the Federalists had only abused him a little buidht -ile Abrbthmw i~ lbi
and acquaintances a piece of his own Wnaye, harder, we should haV pot him in, One more hi..we u .must hAve seeni44e. ss-slt.
(one of the first gold coins ever str a" the s.ch victory would fin abt.i Federal party. In C'yer dtheysojonrned in E.-1 t;'Cak
-Mint, the very first one having been presented, the House of Repre at4tt we have more than hee4' .at objectMoesan he.r&.t
by him t' Washington,) in evidence of this in-. doubled our strength we tave already elected 87 ie.lwtsrght 'fastlh.y quieted th. 1lnd ...
cident in h s life. Thi s office he did not retain Democrats, tAe Fed-lists bive chosen 101 4mumn- Peaow gri.wotls, A.of teadw; the Claio m .
among, but returning to Charleston and resuamimj bers, theCoaservatiMye 4, and there are-20 more'tt.,a been Ugoal g fi etioil-,."14olsaatt.na b .
-e-" ecosn, Lg e bt %ipnlgr~msed to i ts oot, ann 0~d a
the practice of the law, he rose to eminence in his. et to be chosen. Last year there were but 3 p ,guised to.i-. f..oo. ad kea.d a ,ai
pr sessionn. In 1797-8, he filled the muwcipal Democratic members to 174 Federalists. In Vie monance!tors idbeore m .,
office of Intendant (or Mayor) of CbaisstA, andState Senate, 0 Democrats are chosen aOd 12 ty; and now, two stiaigerTnMfrmi a
for a number of years acted as chair an of the Fedeialists. Ltt .year we had but one.-Democrat of the ancients, Britain, 'Ovired- f1elh.lie,.
board of commissioners of thatnoble institution of to 20 Federalists in the senate. We lo. our six world by a w r'y lige rwhiobeheyolw ,ifA .
bevevolence, the Orphan Hous- of6 Charleston members o Colgrews. Fprur of the by meagre pio ,t 'ran. ad4 ,ere. .- -,
!'lie cookingg round, a es ,rt W ki
IHe bore a part in the convention of this State majorities, ranging from less than a hundred to cookingg round, see a T.es r t .-e
which adopted the Contsiitntienof the Uited Siates, about two hundred. A handful of voles would cuud capt towers,. the gor a atee'- .
Sad.also in that which framedtlibe preat Ign g -have turned fe the other .t B. But when we temples aon tma.rbs vf Meaphnus a sro6se
[ion of this &ateiwas a metb.r of-ihlaw Ler insiderr the immen se d .ii-Id.-0 ihat we41 b1ay, 4 wisdom dwelt among hqi a.
latnire, and was one of -the founders 4of the South given ia thecofmtltas eomN 4bpogSlI.'3an aca--i.lay n o,, 5 .. .
Carolina College, an institution which he-cherished one yeaiago, it is surprising thatour -. a, p y 11 711"d nig Arn
with parental care. In December, 180I he was battled them down to the point at which they now 1?
elected cne of the Chancellors of the State, and &lfd. No State in the Union, defeated by such F,,im, t .LouMJei ."4U .
continued to-fill that high office for a period of. overwhelming nuauberv. as bore down twelve We denounced yesterday thi ,onduct tn?"o
twenty-nine years, until December, 1837, when qanibs ago, was er able to get into &8.iflajoty aks as have embarked in aWg i l,,Jt ".,
increasing physical infirmity compelled him to ten- in lesi than two years. We have; dpnq woaderir., ,viso;, c. The prac..ce .i o o. ..nwe ( e
der his resignation to the Legislature. .,for the first campaign of the two-and, though we Mr. led the way in t, danel Bt.S
S. had strong hopes 6f carrying the day on this first nici-uq.laovation on the rights ar---',-
OW THI ENEMY INTERP.RET's IT.-T- Peters- tUial f strength, yet the historyof al other sticb mercantilecommunity, and it h is E fei W
burg Intelligencer (Whig) republishes parts of the defeats as that: of last year, tell u that another Tennessee, Mississippi, A.. -,,.
Conservative address, and says: "We believe that' baittl must be the price of 'ur-victory. we believwe,- in Arka hi.asandin Chimt..r i^.
if the Democrats will read this appeal of their Our friends arein excellent spirits-they have ankswhen thu s s inSw as. .
brethren, it will convince them that thi present #d-' enlisted for the war; none of your "twelve meniths, selves and defraud -e a oi- t '
mintstration is no longer deserving their support". men;" and our flag&'nailejt.o themiast,"stillU floats -press the M11co,0u'- Wmio
If this' be true, what species of Democrats ,would- dailyy in the breeze.. The sit Federalists elected to ed wsgg--go, l ? ., -
they be who made such an appeal? If they can put Congress are of the fnull-blooded, Abolition sort, fronimet) 1 0 utofthe 41*
down "the present Administration," as -the Whig" and wll form an excellent corporal's guard to Mr. tencotto Iss mq
paper says this address is calculated to effect, then Slade, otVermont, pleaded to abolish slavery in y. these,.ves. 'By e .,,
it is far better for such Conservatives to leave our! .the District of Cltnbi'-;to v-ote against Florida tions can mooolie pork, f
ranks than remain in them. The time, indeed, hasu as a State to be, admitted ,ito the Union-in favor ,cle andregulate the priceof-u. .- ..
come when there can be no neutrals, 1o armedl o( the negro nation of Hayti, and, in favor of all prohitngtalsfo thsY
neutrals," even; but those who are "not for us ar.e the other schemes of their Abolition supporters, can ,prevent intolerable.abus$. a- ....
against us."-Richmond Enqutrer. though they may drench the Southern country in Banks have not commeiee thehsi.iess of-nme.
The r blood, and dissolve the Union. Their votes, nexi cndising in .. Kentucky, Indiab, o issf.l (
Th.itsu...esst_._tiron: winter, will show this.. Let the Whigs of Virginia Ohio a few "operations" have ben-"adeby~sphxm
steamboat in this country, of American iron, isl and the i South mar kit. Thu, while Mr. Clay de- of the smatl conCru, but i he strung bank*
now building at the-Washington works in that .ounces the .Abolitionists in his speeches in the Se Ste hav b at n a
... iT; i,* .- ... g_ "/ none "Ufthe AUbohtloUstb m his U speecheso II theC S. St|| iat have f~ bee, ian c' le-.,. I--o.- wil-h-- ,tlv n
city, by Robinson and Mims. Her keel is 140 feet, ...".....v,-' '
city, by Robinson and Mims. Her keel is 140 feet, e his supporters here swallow the creeds thai the law. I tt ois but one insti- t eio- "l' r
deck 172 feet, 25 feet beam and 6 feet hold; she is:,' ,h, ,,,, hr swallow m, crieia law. uu one intitutton ( ,0 l.i-
deck 172 feet, 25s..feet eam and6f. eet ho.sh.e i are proposed to them by these same Abolitionists. cao bran -ispmeted of ihe fol y of.
to measure over 220 tons, and will be finished by and have given satisfactory assurances that they to .tread -Ig^ o o'f Mr .. ,-i .
the 4th of Julv next e n aegvnstsair ss urane toa onent0- ra itlctp
the 4th of July next. will vote accordingly in Congress. OMr opponents ,rust should th4 prove welly5|
PHILADELPIIA M-ONEY MARKET.-The North have stuck at nothingin their desperate efforts for he parent i."ieiwr l
American of yesterday says: power. Thsy have gsed money free as watei. work of refr -" :- '. ', .'
"We have no change of any mom. ht to note. Men were hired by the' day, "and found,1' to go to wn.en -ii .
The demand for money was a shade less than on the polls and vote the Whig ticket, all over the them do. &f
Th eadfrmnywas a, shade less than on th. ".' em down .-w Fr's .
Saturday, though at the same rates, and stocks! State. In on instance, a Wig candidate in hey Will soon0 l'rit to im B^Ce'jf,
generally advanced a trifle. We heard of a sale neighboring town, who professes to lbe a religious c w co,,nW e'-e'ycau e*fe.m.'li
of 50 Vicksburg at 57i B.- 10d after the 2d board. man, hired. another, ON THE- SABATH, to atcnd and by withholding :s front et*
The Manufacturers and Mechanics Bank of,.0re the next day, and actually took out iS pocket would be in their wi '2 lndeedi m sll
"-bookt to pay him, when another person happened to sa w irer ~ ~ wu~
Belleville, New Jersey, has suspended specie pay- ..book to paynm eai aoter *son hape hre bank racing .ui bnIr-,
metts. p ome P and the caniate t e t oneta- permitted to engage in coinmerc o. .-u
-Tehihp"cso beef are t tion to a religious subject. Whit a hypocrite! cumstances -- ..', i_
The high prices,of beef are the subject, of Steamboat loads, not of "cattle," were brought into But there is "" other miie b e lhiet 't' ^^
versal complaint in the cities of New York, Phlla- the State- from New York, to vote the Federal banke spon with the sida'lT 'a#f'r s
delphia, and Baltimore. In the former city the ticket-their passages, paid, their votes received, :abie, M violation of the mftri ". o'i .
butchers have come to the determination not to and the next day they were returned to that city, We alhide to gambtmh" uiratios in %A,, Well
pay the exorbitant rates demanded by the drove's, to vbte in the charter election next week. In thib as Mi".' -ddll is continually .engafiu'4, ia ,
and in Philadelphia it is proposed to remedy the town, a- lot oF-hiry voters, at one time, came _i9-i9a to'iudalen eotrairions and Nx ii I
evil by avo~hng the consumption o. .ee The: the bow from New Yor^kh. pf gaa a ,lM. ..itiii.,-. .- b
high prices p$
to pay the rates demanded by the drover, or go would fill a paper should we -repeat the'many' in-. moneyof him. To his a' -n, and et4e tro:i"s on
without the means of supplying his customers, stances which the money was brought to bearh. Not-rtheaslern eudttnd -'e ma-anri,,e ,1e
t f [Sul iscustme-U m the moss unprincipled manlier, against the moral existing pressuin of thmoney arkei be the
~vIE. -In power, in this election. We have no doubt athat, a Aag" a.d ,A" el ,esuir- increased, the
BOSTON QUARTERLY REVIE.-In several re- least 1,500 Federal voters were thrown urpon this Wg.e poliriMn.. e;ianF^&' revive, a-d 'n -
spects the Boston Quarterly Review strikes us as, State from abroad-a number fully equal to Goev. to predict that a general suspension would.-l '
one of the ablest of the periodicals of the day. Its Ellsworih's majority. But even with such odds place, which would convince the people of the
editor, Mr. Brownson, is a writei of extraordinary; against us, we have gained immensely. tt impracticailt ofglatgurrency
vigor and of great originality, and his powers are' There is one very gratifying circumstance which- without the agency of a National Bank. u
used for the lofty purpose of disseminating the the turns show. It is that the manufacturing We have, however, in the attitude of parties in
principles of sound Democracy. When he touches towns and districts, all exhibit great changes in New York, and in the principles of the dominant
on this subject, he speaks with a force of manner favor of the Democratic party. They wilt soon party in Pennsylvania, a strong guaranty against
and a freshness of illustration, which fix the atten- emerge entirely from the cloud.i Thfe cities, too, o,,nho, non. nnr, "Tho ho^l-, ro...o "~i
- .4 A
properly to be viewed as a temporary one, to con- could do it most mischief, and promote his own in-
tinue in' operation until the action of Congress on terest most effectually, by usifg "HIS PENETRA-
the wholesubjgct could be obtained; and that the TION AS TO THE OBJECTS OF THE PARTY, HAS KEPT
President himself, .s shoiwiby the evidence of his
message at the commence nW of the session, at- HIM HANGING LOOSELY UPON THEM FOR SOME TIME."
tached no importance to its optionn as a perma- "Two YEARS AGO HIS SUSPICIONS," (those which
nent rule of p y." generated his previous hostility',) "WERE STRENGTH-
It will. be observed that in the lines marked in ENED." This puts the date of the disaffection be-
itaitis in the first quotation, he pledges himself, at yonid the present Administration. "Six months"
the moment of making his proposition, to accom- only -elapsed when the strengthened suspicions, of
pany it with another measure, which was to per- more than two years old, were ripened into absolute
farm &the office of the Specie Circular in arresting conviction, and he expressly informs his friend,
speculaion,'and preventing the conversion of the privately, "THAT, AS A PUBLIC MAN, HE HAD LOST.
public domain into bank paper. The bill alluded ALL CONFIDENCE IN MR. VAN BUREN AND HIS
to by him, was- that afterwards, by arrangement MEASURES ;" and yet, long after this, he was con-
with him, made the preliminaryy measure to the stantly assuring the Republican party that he dif-
Currency bill, his substitute,' with lir. EWING'S feared only in a single point of policy, and was as-
original resolution, by the report of the committee, siduous in all the personal courtesies calculated
being consigned to the table of the Senate.. In the to persuade the PRESIDENT that he was his friend.
very act of making the bill to prohibit the sales of How are we to understand this? Was it that he
public lands to any but settlers the precedent mea- might be in a position to profit by "his penetration
a Ike admits that] the Spiie. Circular, or some as to the objects of the party'?" or was he "hanging,
other equivalent provision, was necessary topre- loosely upon them," to give the greater effect to such
vent w tthrougtha means of extraordinary bank attacks as that made on Mr. WOODBURY, on a call
i ,ueshad been propagated like an epidenmic,and was for information, and without waiting to get it?-an
negrosingthe public lands. He admits the too great attitude that gave him the advantage of appearing
expansion of bank circulation, and could not but as a sort of State's evidence against his old friends,
know that taking off the salutary restraint of the- and claiming the votes of their enemies to keep
Specie Cireclar without -some legislative check in him in officein reward for the service.
is stead, mWt at once open the way to the specu-
Slation ad, expansion whieh the Specie Circular
iftf could not keep within bounds.. Mr. RtIvzs,
by consenting to make hii proposition of repeal: .
dependent upon one which was to follow up, by NEWu LIg FO ,HE SOUTH.
a total prohibition, the-tendency of the Specie' DAYLIGHT-NI NIGH Tr.RAVEL,.
Circular to restrain land ipeculationT,adm iUd that i LANt`.A'RO'TXE.-Ia addition to the swiftll
5He S Circular was useful and not unneces- (great mail) line daily for Richmond, Peters-
sary,4 -n tat its office was no(f accomplished, but burg, Wilmington, and Charleston, S. C. the pro-
*t" 'h ntinnd i a more effewtnal form. But -petors will, hereafter, run a day line tri-weekly,
Si '. referred to, and
I passage to point to the injustice done to the late i
CITY OF WASHINGTON. PRESIDENT. He is charged with violating "the
......- -.- ... vital principles of representative Gevernment," because
SUPREMACY Op THE LAWS AND 'THE CONSTITUTION." he did not obey "tht almost unanimous expression
WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 10, 1839. of opinion agaelsmt the continuance of the Specie circular
by the 'two Houses of Congress." We have
MR. RIVES-NO. V. already shown how that 'unanimity was produced.
REPEAL OF THE SPECIE CIRCULAR. The real'friends of the PRESIDENT would never have
The policy adopted in regard to the Specie Circu- voted for the repeal of the Specie Circulars but
lar, mvzks the epoch of the reversal of all the views for the understanding that the joint measure, the
Sof Mr. Ravzs il, connection with the Admi- bill prohibiting the sale of public lands to specula-
nistration. His course on the distribution bill tors, was to go with it. Afterentering into the views
showed his readiness to adopt Mr. CLAY's of those in the Senate who considered this a sine
sordid system of ,acquiring influence. It was qua non with apparent alacrity, Mr. RIVES now
a means by which he meant to. secure, sup- shows that he held the exigency at end& which
port in a certain section, where circumstances required it, and the whole body of his friend
would notmake its growth spontaneous, by a grant were found voting against it, after his own
of an unequal share in a pecuniary bounty, while bill passed, for which he had used the Land
other well inclined sections were to be propitiated bill as the pioneer. His object was to in-
by smallt-, but, nevertheless, very acceptable gratiate himself with the banking interest, and
portion, rendered necessary by embarking in exten- he did not therefore wish the bill to prohibits
sivqprojects of improvements, andl which, coming the conversion of their paper iato the public do-
b 'Inexpectedly at such an hour of exigency, diffused main to become a law. He voted for it only to
too much gratification to allow the inequality and carry his own measure through the Senate without
injuaiioe- of the division to be narrowly scanned, bringing him into collision with the mass of the
Int thiJ measure, Mr. RIvzs, in regard to party, did friends of the Administ ation there, and to carry
not intend to do more than throw off from the Ad- it to that point in the House, where, by an
ministration certain "impracticables," who would adroit and concerted movement, the bills
not consent to make the General Government a might be made to change places, and the
machinery by which pecuniary means, drawn by one passed without suspicion that the other
indirect taxation from the people, were to be ap- would be dropped. This was all dexterously ac-
plied,.topropagate political influence. complished, and thePREsIDENT had no way left
But when Mr. RivBs came to press the. action of but to withhold or to veto the bill, and thus place
mercenary interest to the utmost, by attaching the himself in a hostile attitude to his, friends in
eight hundred State banks as a part of the ma- the two Houses who had voted for the measure,
chinery, making their paper the currency of the Go- under the expectation that it would take its salvo
vernment, he abandoned the fundamental principle in that to which it had been allied in the Senate,
ofrewrrin which he presented as the essential feature where .blh originated.
o ftiocratic policy-the restoration of the Gcivern- The consequence of an Executive veto would
meat to its simple constitutional function in main- have been possibly a fatal schism among the Re-
taining the standard of value, and keeping it in publicans. This schism Mr. RrvEs still hoped to
constant circulati, b6 y excluding every thing but produce, by urging President VAN BUREN on the
iecie ift GovernmenAt v.. Conscious of this, when 7th 6f April, 1837, to rescind the Specie Circular.
Mr. RtvEs proposed the'repeal of the Specie Circu- On the 10th of May following the banks suspended,
air, to propitiate the banks to his interests, he did it and all the Government money was turned into
with great'profession of regard. for the policy unavailable funds. -If the .PRESIDENT had
of thI'XPREsIDENT. In abandoniing his principles, if followed the advice of Mr.. RivEs, the banks,
bI# ad shown-hostility to those with whom he had by having the national domain to bank -upon,
united to maintain them, 'the. motive would have which might have given credit to their currency
been too apparent, andmthe inconsi*ncy too re- some months longer, would only have been
volting,. tempted to swell the mass of unavailable funds,
'W make some quotations from his speeches of transferring thereby an immense extent of territory
1837, proposing aud, pressing the recision of the to speculators. Why Mr. RivEs was willing to
Specie Cireultr, to show the disguise in which he bring this ruin upon the public, the PRESIDENT and
approached his purpose. They should be associated hisparty, is explained by one of his intimates, who
by the reader with our -naked narrative of Mon- quotes his language in a letter recently addressed
day, taken from the reported proceedings, to Mr. GILMER, Speaker of the Virginia House of
In his speech proposing his substitute for Mr. Delegates, and-which has not been denied. The date
E*IeO's resolution to rescind, he says: given to Mr. RIVEs's hostility, two years before the
"It [the Specie Circular]k As designed to date of the letter, was precisely the epoch of the
meet that state of things, and i ave been passage of Mr. RivEs's bill, and the strangling of
wile'and sahltary a aa gemptB t to ope- its companion in the House of Representatives:
tt until the meeting gres, while its
'Aotiiniuance as .. a. tle flative rule As regards the idea (says the gentleman,
would be in. exnt himself addressing Mr. Gilmer) that Mr. Rives may, if
ewdettly re^. L .^is message elected, join again in support of this Administration,
at the 11co1111 11submits the [ assure you I speak from authority to be relied
whole subject or th'e Congress, upon, when I tell you such a thing is impossible.
.ad while h gecommni earnestly the Mr. R's hostile feelings towards the party in power is
-bplitltofso mreasure'- tngthe sales of not a late thing. He has never been fully admitted
,gluoc ln dhe attache tf'ile importance to into the secrets of their councils, but his penetration
flM^ tt sition of specie in payments for as to the objects of the party, has kept him hanging
sou., I beg leave to say in advance, that loosely upon them for some time. Two years ago, his
m'f d equal measure;& which shall be di. suspicions were strengthened; and only' six month.
LM byl fe genilenis of the W to prevent the subsequent to the period of the present Chief Ma-
grat evil qf a moniepn of the public domain in the gistrate's entering upon the duties of his office, he
heMds .f peculators, shalt meet with my hearty concur- felt no hesitation in declaring to some of his friends
rene,. A bill for that purpose is already before us, "that, as a public man, he had lost all confidence
and.withouthaving examined, or being prepared to in .Mr. Van Buren and his measures-that he had
exprep aj!ipinion of, its details, I hope it "will re- been deceived in the policy which he intended to
ceive'1ahmptponsideration and action ,of Con- prir4w,, and. uiless he listened to different counsel. I
:, gres., l .... y- that '] c^itl not te bisaidfiartfotefilg princi
-- 'hissp ec of January 17 e says- pies and measures whiel, in his own judgment,
A..n m s J.. threatened such mischief to the country, and which,
"W.en I had the ., some days ago, said had reason to believe, were repugnant to the
Mr. I" of addressing t. ew remarks to the Senate dishess of a large majority of the citizens 'of his
oi'this subject, I saidhat I take great pleasute .State." -
now in repeating that j. Whatever different lights .
-ih* operation oftjte Treasury circttilr may have' It is this recent testimony of a devoted friend,,
beenviewed, of one thing I was thoroughly per.- bearing witness to the very words of Mr. RIvEs,
suaded-that the motives which had induced the- and quoing them, and, therefore, we presume, hay-,
high. functionary at the head of the Government to t i
direct the issuing of it/were in perfect consonance ing them in writing before him, which has enabled
with that elevated and patriotic spirit which lad so us to interpret his conduct. "Mr. RIvEs's HOS-
conspicuously marked the -whole course of his pub- TILE FEELINGS towARbs THE PARTY IN POWER is
Ji life; and that no defect of legality, in my estima- NOT A L.T THING." A desire only to be in a po-
ti, .had been shown in the authority under which ito t s s t to d
it was issued. I'added, also, that the measure was sition to s some fit occsOn to desert when he
veiling from Hartford to Albany.
Before the first letting alluded to, certain persons
living on the route got up a new line, represented
at the Department by Harvey Holmes. Associated
with him, as part owners and directors, were War-
ren Wheelr, sen.Edward A. Phelps, M. A. Kellogg,
and Francis Woodford.
Between these companies there was at the time
of the first letting a severe competition.
After the route was advertised for reletting, steps
were taken to put an end to the rivalry between the
two companies, and prevent competition for the
By whom the compromise was first suggested
does not clearly appear. The evidence shows that
it was suggested to Warren Wheeler, sen. of the
new line, by William H. Holcomb, of Pittsfield,
who said "the mail was about to be relet; that they
could get a high price for carrying it, if there was
a compromise." Mr. Wheeler says, the main ob-
ject was "to prevent competition at the reletting of
the mail." Of the same tenor were all the conver-
sations, so far as proved, which took place on the
subject prior to the Sheffield meetings. T. H.
Marshall, in his letter to Harvey Holmes, dated 16th
January, 1838, says:
"If it [the compromise] is not made before the
mail is taken out, it will not be likely to be made
at all. If your company will come forward and
buy us out, you can get a good price for'carrying
the mail; but if the mail is taken out at a low price,
there will be the same difficulty iu compromising
there was before. I hope you may be able to pro-
fit by past experience.",
After much conversation and correspondence, a
meeting was held at Sheffield on the 23d January,
1838, attended by T. H. Marshall, R. B.
Cowles, and Moses Forbes, of the old line, and
Augustus Toby, Harvey Holmes, and Warren
Wheeler, sen. of the new line. Mr.. Wheeler says:
"The subject was talked over and agreed upon the
,principles of a compromise, the object of which was
to get someA hig pretty handsome for the mail." They
then adjourned to meet again on Tuesday, the 26th.
The second meeting was attended by M, 0.
Walker and Moses Forblies, of the old line, and
Harvey Holmes, Warren Wheeler, sen. Augustus
T>^ih 1Xr;11;s -T~nnp snd -1 A- Dhlmzln< f tho'
We have been requested to publish the following t
document for the information of those who are, or E
propose Co be, contractors for the transportation of 2
the mails. c
DECISION OF THE POSTMASTER GENERAL UPON p
THE CHARGE OF COMBINATION AT THE LETTING
- OF MAIL ROUTE 430, HARTFORD, CT. TO ALBANY, t
N. Y. ON TIHE FIRST DAY OF FEBRUARY, 1838.
In January, 1837, the Post Office Department
advertised the several post-routes in New England N_
and iew York, to be let for four years, to corn- A
mence on the first day of July of that year.
On the route from Hartford to Albany, the ser- c
vice required was six trips a week in four horse n
post coaches, from Hartford to Sheffield; and thence p
to'Albany three trips by way of Egremont, Spencer, e
&c. and three by way of Great Barrington, West t
Stockbridge, &c. to be run in nineteen hours in i
the summer, and thirty-two in winter, f
The bids for this service, were as follows, viz: c
Ellis Baker, $2,800 per annum
Edward Whalen, 2,880 "
Harvey Holmes, 1,400 or 2,000 improved c
T. H. Marshall, 3,000 C
The bid of Harvey Holmes at $1,400 was ac- t
cepted, and on the first day of July, 1837, he corn- I
menced the service accordingly.
Holmes's improved bid was a proposal to in- f
crease the speed, and run by New Marlboro, cover- v
ing another route advertised as No. 379. ,These
changes appeared to be important to-the public; (
and the Department, not deeming it proper, if C
legal, to adopt them by a private .arrangement, and t
being much pressed on the subject, finally deter- t
mined to advertise the route to be re-let, with the (
proposed improvements. The service called for '
in the new advertisement was six trips a week, it- t
four-horse post coaches, from Hartford to Win- t
chester; thence to Albany three trips a week, by t
Norfolk, Sheffield, Egremont, &c. and three trips a '
week by Colebrook, New Marlboro, &c. to run E
through in seventeen hours in summer, and twenty- i
one in winter, with a sulkey mail three times a r
week from Winchester by Norfolk, Canaan, and t
Sheffield, to Great Barrington, to commence March, E
1st, 1838. Bids were to be received until the 31st
January, 1838, inclusive, and the contract awarded
the next day.
The bids for this service were as follows,'viz; t
Baker and Walker, $8,400
Moses Forbes, 8,900
Harvey Holmes, 8,490
Richard B. Cowles, 8,280
John Babcock, 7,300 1
Elisha Wadsworth, 6,000
Cornelius Delano, 5,900
James Whelpley 3,750
James Whelpley's bid had no guaranty as re-
quired by law, and could not be considered. That 1
of Cornelius Delano, being the next lowest, was
accepted, and he commenced the service.
Under date of 17th February, 1838, the Post-
masters at Colebrook, New Marlboro, and Harts-
ville, officially informed, the Department, that they
had reason to believe a combination existed I
at the recent letting of this service, in vio 1
lation of the twenty-eighth section of the Post
Office law of 1836; and having in a subse-
quent communication stated such particulars as,
in conjunction with the records of the Department, E
induced a suspicion that their charge was well (
founded, E. L. Childs, esq. principal clerk in 1
the appointment office, then acting as special
agent of the Department, was instructed to investi-
gate the matter, and having done so', has made his
report, accompanied by the evidence collected.
The provision of law alleged to~have been vio- t
lated in this case is as follows, viz: W
SEc. 28. .ind be it further enacted, That no con-
tract for the transportation of the mail shall know-
ingly be made by the Postmaster -General, with
any person who shall have entered into any corn- t
bination, or proposed to enter inty any combina-
tion, to prevent the making of any bid for a mail
contract by any other person or person, or who
shall have made any agreement, or shall have
given or performed, or promised to give or per-.
form, any consideration whatever, or to do or not
to do any thing whatever, in order to induce nny
other person or persons not to bid for a mail con-
tract. And if any'person so offending be a mail
contractor, he may be forthwith dismissed from the I
service of the Department: Provided, That when- s
ever the Postmaster General shall exercise the pow- t
er conferred on him by this section, he shall trans-
mit a copy or statement of the evidence on which
be acts, to Congress at its next session. <
'.Theservice advertised fortwas the improved ser--'J
v'ce proposed by Harvey Holmes at the preceding I
getting with the addition of the sulkey mail from
Winchester to Great Barrington, worth perhaps
$500; and on the face of the transaction, it appear-
ed singular, that Holmes should- ask about $8,000 I
at the second letting for a service which he had vo-
luntarily offered to render for $2,000'at the first. I
This extraordinary change in his views is clearly
explained by the evidence now reported.
For several years the firm of Baker and Walker
had been mail contractors and had run a line ofi
stages between Hartford and A'lbany. They had i
several partners, among the most active of whom 1
were Moses Forbes, R. B. Cowles, and T. H. Mar-
shall. This line occupied about two days in tra-
gular, because that line was then running an oppo- i
sition to him on the road from Hartford to New I
Haven, and because about the time his bid was t
made, he sought an interview with Holmes, saw
a.copy of the Sheffield agreement, and elicited his s
views. It cannot be doubted that Babcock was
acting in concert with the old line, and that the op- z
position, which commenced running in January
and ceased in Febrary, was a rmere sham to cover
their designs. Butthis bid was not destined to
take the contract..
Among the bids i one by Elisha Wadsworth at i
$6000, upwards of $2000 less than the lowest of
the joint bids. It improved that this bid originated r
and reached the Department in the following man- 1
ner: Messrs. Wociford and Kellogg, of the new
line, called on Mr.Wadsworth, of the same con- I
cern, and under th4 allegation that the old line
would probably actjn bad faith towards the new,
induced him to prepare this bid in blank, which 1
was handed to Hollies to carry to Washington, i
with authority to us it or not, according to the opi-
nion he might fori as to the purpose of the
old line. He states, iat in the forenoon of the 31st,
he agreed with a mon to meet him at Brown's ho- I
tel about 10 o'clockthat night to receive and put I
this bid into the City Post Office, and that becom-
ing perfectly satisfied late ia the evening, that
Walker and Cowles-were playing a double game,
he retired from their room a few minutes, met his
agent, filled up the bid with $6000, and sent it to
the City Post Office. But neither was this bid des-
tined to take the contract.
Among the bids is one by Cornelius Delano at
$5,900. The history of this bid, as far as develop-
ed, is as follows: .
Mr. Delano lives at Northampton, and is a part-
ner of Baker and Walker on the route from Alba-
ny to that place. Under an idea, as he says, that j
the service advertised for might rival that route, he
visited Baker a.ndA. ilk at. Albany, and confer-
red with them At Pittgfield on his way back, he
conferred with Jason Clapp, another of their part-
ners, who had taken an active part in promoting
the Sheffield compromise. There he prepared this
bid in blank with Jason Clapp and Lyman Warri-
npr na hia ourarantnor qsnt it tn -rArthamrintn (40
o be charged to the road on which it occurs, as also all failuress t
nitharges whatsoever; and the sulkey mail between Great
Barrington and Winchester shall be carried, or. caused to'be fr
arrived, by the partiesjointly. All andeach otthe pelsonkpartiez bt
ereto shall be liable and responsible for the fulfilment of-'th $
fregoing stipulations; further, that the procuring .efsaid midl-
ontract, in any event, by either or any of'said parties, ir ax- th
pense and interest, shall be paid.and mutually shared by each it
In witness whereof the parties have hereunto set their names,
his 231 day ofJanuaty, 1838. In presence of J. Sumner.
IARVEY HOLMES, FRANCIS WOODFORD, c(
WARREN WHEELER, BAKER &WALKER, t0
&UGUSTITS TOBY, MOSES FORBES,
E. A. PHELPS, R. B. COWLES, it
VILLIAM JONES, T. H. MARSHALL. q
A. M. KELLOGG, C
By this agreement, if executed in good'faith,, all w
ompetltion between the two companies, and the 01
numerous individuals of whom they were corn- i
posed, would be effectually prevented; but it was bi
essential to the object to keep off competition from th
he rest of the community. With this view, the cl
individuals composing the second meeting at Shef- th
field not only agreed to keep the compromise se- hi
cret, but, the more effectually to deceive, they e1
agreed also to go into the bar-room of the hotel i
here their meeting was-"held, and have a sham c(
quarrel, or a "blow up," as they called it. Ac- tr
cordingly, they went into the bar-room, declared bi
hat they had attempted to' make a compromise, but 01
had not succeeded; abused each other; avowed a e,
determination to continue their opposition as lone h,
is they could get stock to run with, and separated' fi
apparently more hostile to each other than ever. p
So well was this scene acted, that the public were- 0
completely deceived. It is in proof that at least u
mne individual, Eli Ebsign, of Sheffield, was de- U
erred from putting in abid by this "blow up." He Ii
estifies that, having heard that the companies had g
:ompromised, he prepared a bid for the service ad- d
rertised; but having afterwards been informed that E
hey had not compromised, and had separated h
busing each other, he threw his bid aside, in the p
relieff that the competition between the companies
vould reduce the mail pay below what he could b
afford to carry for. Asithe last Sheffield meeting E
vas on the 26th of Janiuary, and the last day for s
receiving proposals at Washington was the 31st, ,
here was not time for the truth to develop itself, -
although a considerable number were in possession c
)f the F-ecret. -
ITo deceive the Department, it was deemed not a
only necessary to withhold from it all knowledge of it
this compromise, but also to get up a show of corn- C
petition. It was accordingly agreed at the last
Sheffield meeting, that finr bids should be put in; n
one by Baker and Walker, one by Richard B. |h
Cowles, one by Moses Forbes, and one by Harvey j,
Holmes. The bid of Moses Forbes was prepared li
at that time, in the handwriting of M. 0. Walker. f
On the next day, Harvey Holmes went to Hart- f
ford, on his way to Washington, and there saw and c
conferred with Francis Woodford, and M. A. Kel- a
ogg, of the new line, and T. H. Marshall,and Moses a
Forbes of the old line. It war, by them, deemed o
important that either Baker or Walker should go to h
Washington with the joint agents, because they a
generally attended at the mail-lettings in their sec- c
tion, and their absence might be noticed by the De- a
)artment. A letter was written to them according-
ly, requesting that one of them would meet the joint b
agents at New York. t]
From Hartford, Mr. Holmes went to New Ha-
ven; conferred with John Babcock at his reques ; I
showed him a copy of the Sheffield agreement, and h
consulted him as to the price which they ought to b
iave for carrying the mail. t'
Thence Mr. Holmes and Mr. Cowles went to 0
New York, where they put up at different houses,
est their friends should suspect their compromise. _
The next day they went to Philadelphia, where I
they were joined by M. 0. Walker, and the three t
came to Washington together.
Lest the Department should suspect their good
understanding, Walker and Cowles put up at Gads-
by's, and Holoies at Brown's; and, by agreement,
:hey called separately at the contract office. (
On the evening of the 31st January, the three a
met together in Cowles and Walkert room, and f
arranged the four bids as had been agreed upon. In c
sealing them different stamps were used, lest even a
the sameness of stamps might be observed, and ,
create suspicion in the Department. Walker, p
Cowles, and Holmes, then went to the City Post
Office together and deposited the four bids. This .
was about 9 to 10 o'clock, p. m. Returning, the T
three remained together in the same room, with s
short intervals, until 1 o'clock, the time for re- g
eeiving bids at the City Post Office expiring at 12. ,
So far the parties seemed to have carried out the [
Sheffield agreement in good faith towards each
other. Btit, as generally happens in combinations ^
'or illegal or disiXonc, purpuses, n-either rarty ap- g
ears to have had the least confidence in the good
aithof the other, and each had.taken steps to cir- l
cumvent the other or avoid being circumvented. l
Among the bids is one by John Babcock at $7300, t
nearly $1000 below the lowest of the joint bids. It e
s proved, that thin.bid was delivered by Babcock ,
to Cowles, one of the joint agents, unsealed; that d
Cowles showed it to Walker, or conmunicated to
him its contents; that they agreed to conceal it, and -
lid conceal it from Holmes; and that Cowles put t
it into the City Post Office at the same time that
the joint bids were put in. It is, therefore, evident, r
that they intended this bid should take the contract r
in fraud of the new line, and, apparently, in fraud f
of the old-line also. This concert between Bab- !
cock and the agents- of the old line is the more sin- I
n cases of this kind under the post office law, the
illegality depends entirely on the motive. The
language of the law is, "that no contract for the
transportation of the mail shall knowingly be made
by the Postmaster General with any person who
shall have entered into any combination, or pro-
posed to enter into any combination, to prevent the
making of any bid for a mail contract by any other
person or persons; or who shall have made any
agreement, or shall have, given or performed, or
promised to give or perform, any consideration
whatever, or to do or not to do any thing whatever,
n order to induce anti other person or persons not to
bid for a mail contract." -It will be seen that all de-
pendson the motive. "Combinations" are not il-
egal unless the motive be "to prevent the making
)f any bid for a mail contract;" "agreements," or
promises, to do or not to do this thing or that, are,
iot illegal, unless the motive be "to induce any
other person or persons not to bid for a mail contract."
uBat if the motive be to'prevent competition in tak-,
ng mail contracts, then "combinations," "agree.
ments," gifts, performances, promises, any thing
lone or omitted to be done, whatever may be their
abstract character, become illegal, and expose the
parties to the disqualifications and penalties of this
An agreement to enter into partnership is an
agreement to do' something. In itself, such an
agreement is not illegal; its illegality depends on
the motive. If the motive be merely the conve-
nience of the paries in raising capital and carry-
ing on the business, then the agreement is legal.
If it be to prevent any person or persons from
bidding for a mail contract, it is illegal. Even
general partnerships, formed for the purpose of
preventing any member of them, or any other per-
son, from bidding for a mail contract, are clearly
within the ban of the law. But in this casse there
is no general partnership. It is a combination, of
two partnerships, each retaining its separate interest
in every thing but the mail. Each was to run its
own stock, receive its own passenger money, and
manage its own business; and nothing was to be
divided but the mail money. In effect, the agree-
ment was no more nor less than this: We will not
bid against each other for the mail contract; we will
-- *-*. --it I-- ---.. -- -
he price of the mail, and that the marks ranged n
rom $2,000%.to $4,000. He thinks that had there ,
een to compromise, he should have bid $2,000 to c
3,00' Of On the whole, it is fair to conclude that I
he'mail was let at least $2,900 per year higher than ti
would have been had no compromise been ef- v
It is maintained that Mr. Delano was not a
concerned in the Sheffield combination, and F
hat his interests ought not to be affected by "
S It is admitted that so far as the dis- p
qualifications and penalties of the law are a
concerned, there is nothing in the evidence e4
which involves him directly and personally, as si
me of the conspirators. Nor is there proof suffi- L0
ent to justify the Department in deciding that his h
id was but a bid of the old line in .disguise, al- e;
hough there is much evidence tending to that con- ei
usion. But there is proof enough to. authorize v
he conclusion that his bid, however intended by 13
im, was, in effect, but the partial consummation t(
f a fraud on the Department. The bid was found 13
i the hands of M. O..Walker, one of the leading a
conspirators, who, it appears, had so far the con- ti
ol of it as to fix on the sum with which it should ti
e filled ip. This he did with a perfect knowledge c
F the four joint bids, and of Babcock's, if not tl
yen of Wadsworth's bid. Having managed, as
e supposed, to prevent any lower bid, this" bid,
lied up on his advice, can be considered only as a r
art of the grand scheme of fraud and extortion, a
nly differing from the joint bids in being a fraud c
pon his co-conspirators, as well as the Depart- r
Rent. Nor is Delano himself free from suspicion, s,
F he intended to enter into fair competition with o
laker and Walker, and others upon this line, why a
id he not fill up his bid, and send it directly to the f
)epartmeni? Why did he suffer it to go into the c
ands of Walker, who had an opposite interest? i
Ie says he left it with Alvan Rice, at Pittsfield, c
with directions to send it by mail to Mr. Haight; c
ut does not explain what Rice actually did with it. r
By. entrusting it to Rice, he made himself respon- I
ible for the use which Rice made of it. If Rice e
ent it to Walker, the legal effect is the same as if
)elano had sent it to Walker himself. Can the s
circumstances be explained upon any other sup- t
position, than that Delano and Walker, or Rice I
nd Walker, understood each cther, and were act- s
ng in concert? Delano, so far as his contract is t
concerned, must be held responsible for Rice's and i
Valker's conduct in relation to his bid, which r
must be considered as much a part of the fraudu-
ent combination as if it had been concocted by the I
nint agens of the two companies. That the old
ine was to profit by it is to be inferred, not only t
rorn Walkei's prior control over it, but from the (
.ict that Delano soon afterwards became the pur- i
haser of all the stock of the old line on the road, at
& credit of eighteen months, without security, and i
.11 the former proprietors became his agents, with- I
ut any specific agreement as to compensation, and i
rave ever since managed the business. He could
afford to be liberal with them after Walker-had pro-
ured the contract for him at $2,900 a year above I
. fair price.
Mr. Walker denies all knowledge of Delano's I
bid; but he is proved to be mistakenon more points
han one. He says:
"I did not carry on the bids of John Babcock, i
Elisha Wadsworth, or Cornelius Delano, nor do I 1
:now who did, nor did I know of either of the three
ids lest named being made until I saw the bids after
hey were opened and recorded in the Department
In relation to Mr. Delano's bid, Mr. Haight says:
'My impression is, that it came enclosed to me in a i
better from Delano."and "that it was received from I
he hands of Mr. Walker, of the firm of Baker and i
Walker, of Albany." And he further says: "I I
was advised to put in the bid $5.900 by Mr. i
In reference to John Babcock's bid, Richard B.
Cowles states, that he informed Walker of the
amount of Babcock's bid. And when asked the
allowingg question, viz: "When you showed Bab- .
cock's bid to Walker, was it agreed between you
ind Walker that Holmes should be kept ignorant
of the bid," he answered, "It was so agreed."
MVoreover, the words "seven thousand three hundred
dollars," in Babcock's bid, appear to be -in the
handwriting of Walker. James Whelpley, D. S.
Kettle, and Isaac M. Conihie, postmaster at Troy,
.wear that they have often seen him write, are well
acquainted with his handwriting, and believe the
vords "seven thousand three hundred dollars" in
Babcock's bid to have been written by him.
When asked, "Are you acquainted with James
WVhelpley? If ?o, where does he reside?" Walker
tinswered, "I do not know ani such man."
James Whelpley states, that he has kept the Co-
umbian Inn in Albany about four years; that Ba.
rer and Walker had at one time held out the idea
hat they would run to his house; that he had rent-
d a stable to them; that he had often seen Walker
vrite, and had considerable of his writing,, receipts,
Ikc. in his possession.
It is impossible after this exhibition to confide-in
WValker's statement that he knew nothing, of Dela-
Some of those who signed the Sheffield agree-
neat seem to think that, in so doing, they violated
ao law, because it is lawful to form partnerships
borcarrying the mails. They deceive themselves
>y not discriminating between the act and the motive.
an official intercourse of three years, Mr. Walker
should have ventured to approach him, however
indirectly, with such means of influence. If he
could be deterred from the performance of his pub-
lic duty through fear of a- false charge, or the expo-
sure of a real error, he would have just reason] to
fear Congressional investigations, and the censures
of good men as well as bad. He does not claim
exemption from error; much less does he expect to
prevent errors among his numerous subordinates
Conscious integrity of purpose is all he claims; and
that is an armor of defence which nothing will in-
duce him to surrender. It is by preserving it on
all occasions, no matter by what personal or poli-
tical considerations he may be tempted to relin-
quish it, that the Postmaster General expects to
promote his own happiness, advance the good of
his country, recommend the Administration to the
favor of the American people, and repel all attacks,
From whatever motive inspired, or by whatever
The Sheffield agreement, as well as this letter, are
signed by "Baker and Walker." The name of
the firm was used in these cases by Mr. Walker,
and Mr. Baker disavows the acts altogether. He
states that he disapproved the Sheffield compromise,
and all other plans of compromise in that case, and
thinks that but for his sickness at the time, none
would have been made. Without any positive tes-
timony in contradiction of this statement, it would
not seem right, from circumstances only, to involve
Mr. Baker personally in the consequences of Walk-
er's guilt, especially as those consequences are
highly penal. The injurious consequences which
may result to him, by operation of law, from his
connection with such a man, are not to be averted.
In view of the fasts and circumstances herein dis-
closed, it is deemed to be the duty of the Postmaster
General to re-let mute 430, and dismiss Martin 0.
Walker from the service of the Department. There-
Murdered, That route 430, Hartford, Ct. to Alba-
ny, N. Y. Cornelius Delano, contractor, be adver-
ti-ed to be relet, service to commence on'the 1st
day of July next, lower bids for the service on that
route having been prevented st the letting of Fe-
hrin-.- let I,, iQaQ 16,0 "nn.ih;__ft;^_ 0__4 frft.- ;n
meeting to avoid the adoption of any resolution
which the Government shall construe as forming a
combination for the purpose of monopoly," &c.
Yet, ini some of their other resolutions, the. conven-
on adopt measures tending as effectually to pre-
ent competition in taking mail contracts at the
citing then approaching, as if the members had
greed and resolved not to bid against each other.1
'or instance: in their sixth resolution, they say,
the subscribers composing the present convention
ledge themselves in HONOR, that they will go against
nd discountenance any opposition to regular establish-
d stage routes, at all times giving their influence and
support to the old and established stage proprietors and
ieir respective routes, and that they will strictly ad-
ere to the rates of fare hereafter mentioned to be
established, the object being to sustain ourselves and
ach other against all foreign or domestic encroach-
nents; in further assurance of which, we respective-
y pledge our word, in HONOR, strictly and faithfully
o regard," &c. It was also "resolved unanimous-
r, that the foregoing resolutions take effect from
nd after the 31st day of December, 1836, and con-
nue in full force and binding upon the whole un-
i dissolved by a general public meeting, to be
ailed by the secretary, on a written application for
The mail letting in that section was in May, 1837.
Now, this convention might just as well have
resolved and pledged their honor, that they would,
t the approaching mail letting, ."go against and dis-
ountenance any opposition to regular established stage
outes," in bidding for the mails, "the object being to
sustain themselves and each other against all foreign
r domestic encroachments," in taking mail contracts
nd raising the price of mail transportation. The ef-
ect of such a resolution upon the mail service,
could not have been more effectual or direct. And
t can scarcely be doubted, that one leading object
of this convention and combination, was to prevent
competition *at the mail letting of 1837, in that
egion of country, and secure an increased com-
pensation for mail service. Such was the undoubt-
It is not throughjthe Department alone, but in
tage fare for travelling, that the public interest has
been affected by this combination. Forty-one stage
proprietors then and there combined to raise the
stage fare, as. well as to keep off competition on
heir respective routes; and if the resolutions and
)ledges of honor have been regarded, the commu-
nity must have been taxed by passenger money in
in enormous sam beyond what would have been
)aid under a system of free competition.
It is the interest of the public, and the duty of
the Department, as far as it has the power, to put
lown such combinations to raise stage fare and
nail pay. It would not be an unreasonable con-
clusion if the Department were to consider every
member of that convention as guilty of combina-
ion in violation of the act of 1836. It will be its
mperative duty to hold them as disqualified to take
contracts hereafter, if they continue to regard them-
selves as bound by their resolutions and pledges not
to run stages on any routes now occupied by other
contractors, however long established. Competi-
tion in taking mail contracts and carrying passen-
gers should be perfectly free from combinations or
pledges, and all the legal authority of the Depart-
ment ought to be, and will be exerted, without fear,
favor or affection, to assert and maintain that
It is therefore hoped that the members of the
Brattleboro convention will consider thei> associa-
tion dissolved, as one created in opposition to just
policy, if not in violation of law. If they persist in
maintaining it, the Department will probe the mat-.
ter further, with a view to prevent its future effects
upon mail transportation, and will hold each mem-
ber bidding for mails individually responsible for
its injurious bearings in that respect.
There is another matter growing out of this in-
vestigation which must not pass without notice.
Attempts were made by some of the parties charged
to elicit evidence of partiality for Harvey Holmes
on the part of the Department, from political con-
siderations; and it was proved that clerical errors
had been committed in tilling up the penalty of his
bonds in two instances. -After the examination of
witnesses at Hartford had closed, M. 0. Walker,
using the name of Baker and Walker, wrote a let-
ter from New York to Gideon Welles, esq. post-
master at Hartford, alluding to these portions of
the testimony; professing attachment to the Admi-
nistration; regretting that "any thing should have
been drawn out reflecting in the least on the De-
partment;" expressing fears that~the circumstances
"might tend to furnish capital to such men as the
Hon. H. A. Wise to cry .out bribery and corruption,
be mader-he subject of rtich adda for. egfet, aBd
with long speeches call om a Congressional ela-
mination of the whole matter;" stating that he had
consulted his partner, secured the minutes of evi-
dence, cautioned his associates, "separate and
alone, against making talk," &c. &c.
Mr. Welles, as was no doubt intended, very pro-
perly communicated the contents of this letter to
the Postmaster General, at whose request it was
left in the Department, and filed with the case as
one of the strongest evidences of Mr. Walker's own
guilt. It was believed that no man not consciously
guilty, and dreading exposure, could refer to such
considerations as means of deterring a public offi-
cer from performing his duty; and there was no
other conceivable motive for writing such a letter.
The Postmaster General is mortified that, after
variety of all other articles in her line. A few
choice Mousseline Delaines, at her store, Bridge
iA ISS MORLEY. has just returned from New
H York with a good assortment of French Mil-
linery and Fancy Goods, which will be open for
exhibition on Wednesday, April 10, to which she
invites the attention of the ladies-coliciting i. con-
tinuation of the l'ibetal patronage she hpaB livedd
from them hitherto, and is happy to acknowledge.
April 8-3t '
F OR RENT, and possession given immifte
ly, that large boarding house over the tWres
of Mess.rs. Semmes and Phillips, and corner of 7th
street west, and north of Centre.market pce.
From its central position, convenience to crket,
and construction of the house, it may be conaid
one of the best houses ink the city for that purple.
For terms, ,apply to D
ANNE P. DF.RMOW.
FOR SALE, on accommodating terms, 1&0. in
square 725, with improvements, (a desirable fivate
residence,) let 15, in square 729, fronting weft on
Capitol square, lot 2, in square 705, and lot 8, in
square 288. Enquire as above.
April 1-dtf t-
NEW GENERAL POST OFFICE BUILDING.
OMCE OP THE COMMISSIONER Op PUBLIC DBUUDINGU,
UMBER.-Proposals will be received at this
office until the.12th day.ofAprifw-a r 7"ihe
deffvery at such place as may bedesignated by the
Commissioner, the following bill of lumber:
200,000 feet of white pine inch common cul-
20,000 feet of 3 by 4 yellow pine merchantable
studding;, 10, 16, 18 and 20 feetlength
20,000 feet of joist, yellow pine,3 incha s thick
Sby 8, 9,10 wide, from. 161o 24 ft. -long
20,000 feet ark 2 inch white pine for saf-.
VALUABLEg LAND F B SA lE.
"juTICEa is hereby given, that sealed propo-
jN' sals-wil be received at Chicago, Illinois, for
the sale of all the -southwest fractional quarter of
section ten, at the mouth of Chicago river, on Lake
Michigan, recently claimed as a pre-emption right
by J. B. Beaubien, aani decided by the Supreme
Court of the United States to belong to the United
States, with the exception of the block including
the light-house, and such adjacent lots as the agent
shall deem proper to retain fori the use of the Go-
vernmenf. This land being within the corporate
limits of Chicago will be sold in town lots.
An agent will be appointed to conduct the sale,
who will be at Chicago, prepared to receive propo-
sals, by the first Monday in June next, and autho-
rized to open and accept them. Payment in full
will be required on the day of the acceptance of a
bid by the agent, in default of which the land will
be again offered, arnd n-, future bid will be received
from the person making default of payment.
No bid for a lot will be received.after jrin. of
the day preceding the day appointed for opening
the bids fur such lot, but lots unsold onAbe day as-
signed for opening the proposals therefor, may be
bid for at any subsequent day of thefale.
The sale will commence on the second Monday
in June and continue two weeks, and, in order to
give persons who may fail to secure a lot on the
first day an opportunity to bid for anotlt* lot on the
succeeding day, notice Will be given of i! day on,
which the bids for each lot will be opened,'o that a
portion of the bids may be decided on each day of
Persons wishing to purchase more tmik one lot
must file a separate bid for each lot, and designate
the lot on the back of each sealed proposal.
All purchases must be riade with tie under-
standing that the United States will not prosecute,
ur permit to be prosecuted in their name,'a private
individual for removing within ferty days any fix-
tures which he may own, situated upon the land;
and in case a lot shall be purchased by -.the owners
of substantial 'improvements situate there nnthe
agent wili be authorized, in his d-iretionJ allow
a credit for two-thirds of the purchase'B W. y,good
security being given, payable in equal installments,
with interest, in six and twelve monthsrf'tom the
day of sale. "
Printed blanks, for proposals, will blfmrnished
by the agent, who will exhibit plats of<-the land to
be sold, and give proper certificates.of purchase
By direction of the President:
April 10-dtjunel J. R. PO[N8S1T.
To be published in the St. Louis', o.)
Argus, Buffalo (N. Y.) Republican, icago
(Ill.) Democrat, Vandalia (111.)' Register, Jounis-
ville (Ky.) Advertiser, Albany (N. Y.) rg4us,
Detroit (Mich.) Free Press, Richmond ,(Va.)
Enquirer, Columbus (0.) Statesman, Cian. nati
(0.) Advertiser. ,
A MOS' VALUABLE FARM FOR SALE.-
By virtue of a decree of the High Court of
Chancery, the subscriber as trustee, appointed for
the purpose, will expose to sale by public auction,'
at the court -.house door, iitLeonardtown, St. Mary's
county, Maryland, on Thursday, the 9th of May
next the following valuable property, lying on
Wiccommico river a'nd Chaptico bay, in St. Mary's
county, being the most valuable part of the real es-
tate of the late Philip Key, deceased, and commonly
known as "Hamburg," and consisting of bis inte-
rest in the following lands, to wit- Gravelly Hills,
part of Bond's 1C-st, part of Labyrinth and Widow's
Purchase, supposed to contain in all about eight
hundre& and fifty-one acres, more or less. Much of
this land is the best river bottom land. The greater
part of the upland is. will covered with wood; and,
as far as it has been cleared, has proved itself to be
superior tobacco land, and has some swamps which
could easily be made good meadow.
The improvements are in a considerable of
decay, but at a small expense,a vajlable dwdlng
House and out houses, two good Barns, Stable and
carriage House could be made to answer the pur-
poses of the estate; there are alko'mne out tene-
ments on the uplands.
The whole estate is now rented out. and has
been for many years past, and will be sd ithV the
rent of this year.
Terms of sale are as follows: one-third ,ef th.
purchase money to be paid^ipfone year friJi the
day of sale, one other third itt two ycarsa he re-
maining third in three years from the day'of sale,
the whole to bear interest from oj:e day of ateh, and
to be secured by bond with surety, to be approved
by the trustee, on the payment of the wlc.e of the
purchase mcAn1.liiid interest *A." deed. will be
made to the purchaser. rt*..
H. G. S. EEY, Trustee.
Leonardtown, Md. March 26, 18^39. .Ap4
TO THE LASSE$. ,
MBRS. ANNE H. CLARK will open, on Wed-
Lnesday next April 10th, a very select and
splendid assortment of Spring Millinery, consist-
ing of all the varieties of the season-Florence
Braids, Superfine Straws, and the latest style Silk,
Drawn and Honeycomb Bonnets; French Turbans
and Dress Caps; variegated French Flowers, very
superior; Lattice work Bonnets; Net Scarfs; Shal-
leys do ; Ribands of the newest style, with a great
CITY OF WASHINGTON.
"SUPREMACY OF THE L.iS AND THE CONSTITUTION.'
THURSDAY EVENING, APRIIl 11, 1839.
MR, RIVES--NO. 'VP.
EPINODE-HIS COURSE IN RE[,TION 4O THE EDI.
TOR OF THE GWOPE.
Our last article brought 'the narrative- of Mr.
SRIVES'S relations with the Administration down to
the .close of the Congress, 4th of March, 1837.
It presents him as an avotwd adherent of the Ad-
ministration, btut a dissentient from it on the main
,questions. of policy-the Distributioni bill and
Si Circular. The Opposition co-operated hear-
tily ii is views, and, according to Mr. WISE, he
yielded 'Ipost reluctant help against them in the
precedea.t measure-the expunging resolution.
This aJqlanderstood, but not the friends of the
Adlt* "ltiop. The latter still had faith in Mr.
R;vVs incerity and'fidelity, notwithstanding his
dIte with the Administraticn on the two prin-
e p points of policy'. His motives were not sus-
pectedfy the PRESIDET nnor his friends, and -none
yieLd a more confiding faith in him than the
of the Globe.
Without the slightest personal acquaintance, we
Informed strong predilections 'for Mr. RivEs be-
fore we came to Washington, from his displays in
Congress on the side of the Republican party, and
,General JACKSON as its leader, in the contest with
Mr. ADAMS., Qn his return from France he called
Ion u's-,introkuced himself, beforewe (a novice from
T 'Akwoods) -'ad made up our mind to venture
ci necessary advance in etiquette, to make up
an naintance with a minister just from France,
aptjfcictorious negotiator. We were flattered by
hlku4eseeasion, and delighted with his familiar,
-I and pleasing conversation. Not long af-
'.l treaty, which had been assailed by Mr.
in the seci et session of the Senate, was drawn
( til public discussions, and it gave us pleasure
only to vindicate the course and applaud the
Sa1pd success of Mr. Rt'vs, but to visit on Mr.
Y the opprobrium which his attack, prompted
envy and personal hate, deserved. Afttr Mr.
vzs left the Senate, Mr. CLAY, during the session
of 1835; jn a solemn report from the Committee on
- .eign Relations, not content with animadversion
on the treaty, inbtlged in ridicule and invidious re-
nretions upon what he called the self-complacency
.'of the negotiator, to which he ascribed, in some
degree, the difficulties encountered in the pay-
ment of the indemnities, We again, devo-
ted the columns of the Globe to the defence of
the absent Senator. Throughout the contest waged
ithAt Mr. LEH, our utmost efforts were given in
"~t Bp1rt of Ihe. pretensions pf Mr. RivEs, He had
been driven from his seat for his 4omrse in the
Senate on the removal of the deposits. The
Richmond Enquirer had not approved of the act,
and wi, Therefore, under some constraint, and
could net give that unlrammelled strength to his
: w which wouldd have rendered useless the aid
"mf another press. Under the circumstances, the
Globe was surrendered with an almost exclusive
zeal io hib*ryice. He triumphed before the peo-
Sple# and came back to the Senate. No one wel-
-Qm- hhni with more cordiality than we did.
ii unabated kindness, every occasion was
'ed to exhibit his public conduct in the best light
W )eAmericatijpeople. Even his speech on the
e. ?gf resolution, discussing simply the powers
of.he Senate.to justify the votehe was pledged to
Sif*, and defending the instructing resolutions of
f ia *'QJdS restored him to his 'plaejwas
hailed with applause as a noble earnest of that.
full argument Bf the merits which he promised, but
'tailed, jo make. No reproach for this neglect was
ver.uttereditpfeed, such was our confidence, that
it was not '-etu remembered as an evidence of
weuing zeal in the cause, until referred to recently
by the Opposition as proof that his heart was
-secretly with them from the hour of his return to
the Senate until, at the threshold of the last.
session, he appeared openly in their ranks. ,His
course throughout the sessions of 1836 and 1837,
although differing with the PRESIDENT, and severing
the party on the two most important topics, in re-
gard to which recent events have unveiled his mo-
tives, did not shake our confidence in him. He
was aware of this; and therefore in the last few
weeks of the session of 1837, came, with his usual
promptitude, when he required the aid of the press,
to ask a favor at our hands. In an encounter with
Mr. CALHOUN, (at which we were not present,) it
seems some expressions had fallen from him which
' Hisaid had been misinterpreted by Mr. CALHOUN,
Sand misrepresented in the Telegraph. He desired
us to expose the matter to the public by an edito-
rial notice, accompanied with his remarks, as re-
ported for the Intelligencer. This we did, with an
asperity which could only be justified by a
- warmth caught from the indignation of an injured
friend. The article in which we repelled the wrong
of which Mr. RivzS complained, will be found in
. the Globe of the 11th of February, 1837. The fist
few lines will show the zeal with which we entered
-on Mr. RivEs's defence: "We give to-day Mr'.
RrvEs's remarks, replying to Messrs. WEBSTER
and CALHOUN, on the subject of Abolition, which
were so grossly misrepresented by tha Telegraph.
SThis organ, which so exactly represents the last
named individual, while it misrepresents every
body whom it suits its purposes to falsify, charges
Mr. RiVES with declaring," &c. We go on, then,
to present the matter as explained to us. This,
however, did not accomplish all Mr. RIVEs had in
view; A few days after the correction appeared,
he requested us to attend him to the Library of
Congress, where he produced Sir ROBERT FILMER'S
work, referred to by him in the sparring between
himself and Mr. CALHOUN, and pointed us to va-
rious passages in a printed speech of Mr. PICKENS,
which he had marked as containing the principles
advanced by'Mi' CALHOUN, in what he characte-
was plotting our destruction as a uic main.
Only a few days after these articles appeared; a
friend hinted that we had somehow given offence
to Messrs. RIVES and TALLMADGE; and that they
had manifested arwish to supplant us in our em-
ployment as printer to the Senate, by Mr. ALLEN,
now editor of the Madisonian. Conscious of the
alacrity with which we had, at Ihe request of Mr.
RIvEs, confronted his antagonists, and believing it
impossible that he would ask kindnesses from us,
and at the very moment repay us with secret enmi-
ty, we did not doubt but there was some misun-
derstanding in the matter. We therefore called,
successively, Mr. Rivzs and Mr. TALLMADGE out
of the Senate into a committee room, and inquired
if we had given any cause of dissatisfaction. They
seemed surprised; admitted that they had expressed
some discontent with some article in the Globe in
the course of the preceding summer, charging those
who had voted for the Distribution bill as actuated
by corrupt motives; but spoke of it as a matter that
had gone by, as the effect of hasty zeal, and not a
thing to be remembered as a ground of personal
difference between qs, as their conduct had shown.
" These remarks instantly recalled to recollection
an'article written by Mr. WHITNEY, and published
in the Globe of July 21, 1837, during our absence
in Virginia at the marriage of a s&O. Mr. WHIT-
NEY had been, permitted to defend the banks for
which he was agent, in the columns of the Globe,
against the attacks of the Whigs, both by commu-
nications, and articles which, when appro% ed, were
admitted editorially. The article in question be-
ing headed Deposite Bill, was, in our absence, ad-
mitted by our partner without being r.ead-the ti-
tle importing a connection with Mr. WHITNEY'S
agency for the deposit banks. This article, of a
column, was filled with derogatory imputations
against those who passed the bill in question. It
was pointed to as one "to encourage all kinds of
speculation, peculation, log-rolling, and corruption,
among the politicians, thereby the people will be de-
frauded," "c. -
It concluded with this paragraph:
"We ask the people to ponder well upon this sub-
ject; speak to their Representalives in a voice not to be
misunderstood; and when their opinions have been ful-
ly and openly expressed, we do not despair of the re-
peal of this most corrupting measure."
Immediately on cur return from the coun-
try, we upbraided WHITNEY' for taking ad-
vantage of our absence to insert such an
article in the Globe, and twp 'days after its
appearance, on the 23d of July, after allud-
ing to our absence, repelled the suggestions of
the disavowed article-insisted that the Republi-
can*,who voted for it intended to make it, in good
faith, a deposit with, not a distribution among, the
States; and repudiating the proposition of "RE-
PEAL," by which WHITNEY endeavored to make
an issue to enter into the elections and divide those
Republicans who had voted for it from those
who opposed it, before the people, we said: "It
is the duty of the Democracy to consider the late depo-
site act as a measure to be maintained and carried
out in good faith upon the principles avowed on the
face of it. If the money confided to the keeping of each
State should be held by them as a sacred deposit, and
with an honest intention to return it whenever the ex-
igencies of the General Government require it, then
all the mischievous tendencies to be apprehended from the
disposition of the present surplus, would be avoided," &c.
Again we said, in the conclusion of the same
disavowing article, "The labors of the Opposition
to transform the deposite act into an act of distri-
bution, must be-met and counteracted. It will be
counteracted by the yery array of parties which
the new ground taken by the Federal par-
ty necessarily produces. The Democracy will take
its stand .po. afe~iintou^d^ateion aid j~ui ful ~evecv-
tion of the law. It will not require the REPEAL
of an act which, if faithfully observed, is innocent," etc.
In our conversations with Messrs. RIvEs and
TALLMADGE, we gave this explanation to them
They recollected the offensive article; but the dis-
claimer had escaped their notice. They were per-
fe'ctly satisfied, and assured us of their friendly re-
gard. Before parting with Mr. TALLWADGE, he de-
sired the favor of us to take some fit occasion to
insert, with an editorial approval, a passage from
a speech which he would send us, showing that he
was of the class of Democrats who had advocated
the Deposite act upon the principles of the party as
set forth in our paper repelling the imputations of
WHITNEY. We complied with his wish. Our no-
tice will be found headed "'Endorsement of. Mr.
TALLMADGE, No." 1."
We would now invite the attention of our read-
ers to the use to which these gentlemen turned the
confiding kindness of which we had given them
uninterrupted proof from the 'first hour of our
acquaintance. They ceased their machinations
against us in the Senate, finding our friends there
too staunch, and that the simple and honest
explanation we made, would counteract them if
they persisted. They merely put in their bal-
lots for Mr. ALLEN as printer, to keep his name
before the public. These two votes (all he got) we
ascribed to Gen. MCKEAN and Mr. MORRIS. The
first we knew was opposed to the PRESIDENT perso-
nally; the other to our views of Abolition. We have
since ascertained that the ballots of these gentlemen
(personally from the first named) Were not given to
ALLEN. We did not even suspect that they were
given by Messrs. RivEs and TALLMADGE, after the
friendly assurances we received 'from them but a
few days before. We do not doubt now that the
two ballots given for ALLEN in March 1837, were
cast by the same Conservative hands that gave
him the two votes 'at the late .session, notwith-
standing he has forfeited every pledge of sup-
port to the Administration paraded in his
prospectus, and the print now conducted by WHIT-
NEY and himself, has become the most malignant
Opposition print in the Union. This very recent
support of the Madisoniaa press, since its open
treachery, renders perfectly obvious the Machiave-
lian policy, by which w'e were entangled through
an overweening confidence in -Messrs. RiVEs,
TALLMADGE, and their follower, WHITNVEY, under
from house to houseelectioneering to expel the pub-.
lishers of the Globe from the office 4hey held in thtj
House ofRepresentatives; and it was \k-co we felt be,
effect of our devotion to Mr. RIVEs in waeing h;-
war against Mr. PICKENS. This gentleman, du 1mi-
.the three days,'-balloting for Printer, in a 'spirit of
just resentment, fully retaliated what he consi-
dered the wanton attack of the Globe on himt
at thie close of the previous session. Mr. RIVES
had the full benefit of that eloquence in a powerful
speech against us, to which we had been inhced
to expose ourselves for his sake; and but for the
personal influence of MLjPICcENS with his friends,
(not one of whom could have been reached by the
sordid bargain which- brought the Federalists and
Conservatives together in the sale of the printing
of-ahe House,) ALLrd could not have been elected.
The lath denouements which have laid open the
-motives of Messrs. RIvEs and TALLMADGE, have
enabled us to detect and pursue the train of policy on
which they conducted the intrigue of "the third par-
ty." The manoeuvre of dividing the greater party,
and drawing to the minor division the whole
Opposition, succeeded in electing a Wrinter, and
Mr. Rivzo firmly believed that the same contri-
vance might elect.a President. He calculated that
CLAY, WEBSTER, and HARRISON, being run down,
he, at the head of "the armed neutrality," was to
become the candidate of the Whigs,becausehe could
bring with him a fraction of the Democracy. His let-
ter to Mr. GARLAND, which we publish to-day, shows
thathe counted upon the defeat of thke Whigs, with*
their old candidates, in Pennsylvania anl Ohio, (to
whose unpopularity he attributes it,) as rendering
some new head of Opposition necessary; and
that was "the p-osiliu he defined" for himself.
Mr. CLAY had penetrated his designs, as appears
from the article we quote from the Reporter of the
19th of September, and resolved to throw him off.
Mr. RivEs's letter to Mr. GARLAND on the 28th of
October, was the consequence of this article. When
they met at Washington, these two rivals found
themselves too weak to act separately. Mr.
IVEts fell that he could not even he Sena-
"tor without the aid of Mr. CLAY, and the latter
had no chance for the Presidency, without the help
of Mr. RivEs. Their mutual hate was therefore
immediately buried, in meeting at Washington, as
in the case of Messrs. ADAMS aud CLAY. The
blackleg and Puritan again embraced. The
one was to be President, the other Senator, with
the safe precedent in prospective. -
MR. CLAY vs. MR. RIVES,
THRuOUGH THE LEXINGTON REPORTER.
THE CONSERVATIVES.--MR. RivEs-We some
time since hazarded the opinion that the Conserva-
tives of.New York would become incorporated with
the Whig party. This seems to have been fully
consummated. At the same time we thought that
the Virginia Conservatives would get back tO the
Van Buren party. We feel strengthened in this
opinion by the late exposition of his opinions by
Mr. James Garland, who, it will be remembered,
is the member of Congress from Mr Rives's dis-
trict, and 'who may be regarded as the accredited
organ of that timid Senator. Mr. G. thinks that if
the issue should be between the Sub-Treasury and
a Bank of the United States, he would prefer the
This annunciation nmay be considered as the
first fruits of Mr. Van Buren's pleasture trip to VAir
ginia. Believing, as we all along have, that Mr.
Rives' late course had its origin in personal pique
and disappointed ambition, we have been prepared
to witness his return to his party whenever the
President held out the olive branch, and gave him
hnpes of future preferment. We venture now to
assert that the next session of Congress will
find Mr. Rives full of painful apprehensions at the
idea of a Bank of the United States, and fully re
united to his ancient comrades in resisting t-at
abominable monster. How his comrades will receive
him we know not, and, as one of the Whig party,
we care not.. Of one thing we can assure the edi-
.tQr- of th Ricabna'ed nqvhrcr, rhiet his beloved PET
has added nothing to his political character by his
late puny effort to show off a little independence.
His motives were too shallow to escape the obser-
vation of the least sagacious. We advise the hono-
rable Senator never to set up for a leader again.
Nature has denied him the moral and political in-
trepidily. We do trust thatthe Whigs of the Vir-
ginia Legislature will take any body for their Se-
nato'r sooner than such a political trimmer as Mr.
Wm. C. Rives,"
MR. RIVES vs. MR. CLAY,
THROUGH MAJOR GARLAND.
From the Fredericksburg Alrena.
The Albemarle district is in a strange state
of confusion. The rival candidates, General
Gordon and Major Garland, had a bout on
the 1st inst. at Charlottesville, and the Ad-
vocate says, "We have rarely seen the wool
flyv more profusely."' There was bitter and
offensive personality, and the General is said
to have demolished Garland. We do not
see how the Whigs can well vote for either.
Gordon holds the Whig doctrines generally, but is
rabid on the subject of the Sub Treasury, which,
having broached, he consistently supports. That
the Whigs will have greater difficulty in voting for
Garland will be- apparent from the following ex-
tract front the Advocate:
This letter was written by Mr. Rives to Major
Gai land on the 28th of October last, soon after
the election in Ohio and Pennsylvania, and
was endorsed "strictly, confidential." In it, Mr.
R. undertakes to account for the triumph of
the Administration party it these two States."
"It is to be attributed, says he, not to the
popularity of the Sub-Treasury scheme, but
to the unpopularity of Mr. Clay and the Whigs.
Disconnect the Sub-Treasury wi'h them, and
it would ba condemned by the almost' unani-
mous voice of the people. The result &f the
elections in these two States will, I trust, teach the
Whigs a lesson of humility, of which they *tand so
much in nPed. I would advise you to 'take' no
farther notice of the Globe, unless specific
charges are made against you in it. It is a vulgar,
scurrilous paper, unworthy the notice of a gentleman.
Cease to denounce your former political friends andi
associates, and endeavor to conciliate them by alI pro-
per means. As to the Whigs, neither you nor I
have any right to expect any thing from the leaders
or the great body of the party. Of the correctness
of this opinion I have lonu since been satisfied, and
the late unprincipled nmanceuvring of some of the
leaders of the Whig party has only tended to con.
firm me in it."
DISTRESSING ACCIDENT.-A young gentleman,
whose name we have been unable to ascertain, was
killed yesterday in the neighborhood of the Pon-
chartrain railroad, while saving the life of a lady
who was in imminent danger of being run over by
a runaway horse attached to a dray. The lady
escaped unhurt.-Louisianian of April 3.
.ft leaAing Republican friends of Mr. Rtivey, to
'wfXOve (Oat they properly appreiated Colonel Ben
Ioo.' vices, and thaI the only rivalry which
i. yldt (xmst between him and Mr. Rivs would be
",n tnear r Ibtual efforts in the cause of Democracy
causes which so much relies on their united ta-
lents and worth for its support.
ENDORSEMENT FOR MR. TALLMADGE, No. 1.
From tihe Globe of March 11, 1837.
The Federalists seek to make distribution the
exhausting pipe, which, while it wastes the reier-
voir of the Treasury, is' to open up all the sources
of the tariff to replenish it, and to awaken the in-
ternal improvement and manufacturing interests
for a new struggle to build up that partial policy,
which consists in sacrifiing the body to the active
The Democratic par y in both branches of
Congress are utterly opposed to this scheme. .
We give some passages from the speech of Mr.
Tallmadge, (who was ote of the earliest and most
earnest advocates -of tdmdeposite bill,) to show the
true objects of the authors of this measure. By
adhering to the plain, sinple and honest intention
in which the measure originated, it may be ren-
dered useful alike to he States and the nation.
Its perversion to the *jects of the Opposition,
wauld make it pregn at with mischiefs to the
"I will not now say ay thing of the constitutional
question, farther than toexpress my opinion that
Congress has no powerilo-.raise revenuefor the pur-
pose of distribution.. Bl||when we find a surpluson
our hands, without any Jlesign from our legislation
to produce it, it present# different question. The,
time has now arrived, the contingencies have now
happened, whdn the Ptisident anticipated such a
surplus; the surplus isbnn hand, and it will con-
Stinue to increase far bond our appropriations. It
is i, vain to shut our lees to the fact; we may de-
ceive ourselves, but we cannot deceive others.
This surplus cannot bqdisposed of by appropria-
tions, unless of the- ito extravagant character.
Will the people tolerate -appropriations for the
mere purpose of getting rid of a surplus No, sir,
I apprehend not. They will justify their repre-
sentatives in making liberal appropriations for all
objects of national defence. Extravagant expen-
ditures, for"the sole object of disposing of the sur-
plus revenue, are, in mT judgment, far more dan-
gerous than any obj ions .which I have heard
urged against a distriftion amongst the Statei.
These expenditures beget the necessity of continu-
ing them, and, by and-by, we shall be obliged to
raise the tariff, and increase the burdens of the
,people, for the purpose carrying out the'extrava-
gances with which weliprovidently commenced.
Sir, the people.of this country will never approve
such a principle. What, then, shall be done? We
have a large surplus on hand. It will be much larger
on the first of January next. It is in vain to wish
we had it not. It is on owr hands, and we must dis-
pose of it. /'o matter by tWhat means we got it-no
matter whether by indiscret or improvident legislation.
We have the surplus-call it accidental or incidental
or unavoidable; the question is, what shall we do with
it? Shall we throw it into the ocean? Nm. Shall
we burn it up? No. What, then, shall we do
with it? Shall we leave it to accumulate in the
deposit banks? There are weighty objections
against it. There is no reason for keeping in those
banks any more than is required for the current
disbursements of the Government. That will
always be a large amount. Beyond that, it is
neither profitable to the banks, nor useful to the
"Sir, thereis no constitutional objection to this
bill. The most refined sophistry cannot show any.
Gentlemen nmay attempt to confound it with a distribu-
tion. But it is no more nor less than a simple deposit
of the public money with the States. It avoids tihe ob-
jections which would exist to a general system of distri-
bution. That implies that, a surplus shall be created
for the purpose of distribution. This does net even
distribute a surplus, accidentally and tunatbidably
on hand. It d*osites it with the States. It still
remains the property of'the Government, and the
Government can use the money whenever it is re-
quired for the public service. It creates no de-
pendence, on the part of the States, on the General Go-
vernment, as a distribution system might'do. It mtre-
ly provides for the present emergency. It disposes
safely of a surplus for which, at present, we have
no use, and with which we know not What to do.
If gentlemetn would satisfy me of any other pro-
per diilposilion of it, I would embrace any propo-
sition that would seem to meet the exigency of the
case. But I hearuaf nolje, except to splnd it all
by extravagant approprfttions, or leave to accu-
mulate in the deposit banks."
ENDORSEMENT rO h Mil. TALLMAD1, No. &.
From the Globe of June 24, 1837.
THE DAILY MISREPRESENTATION.
This morning'ss Intelligsnce'r, willing' to flatter
Mr. Tallmadge that he had torn his party asunder,
(a flattery which Mr. T. will duly appreciate and
despise,) says that the 'Senator of New York, "in
one of the most effective speech, p'i-haps, ever deli-
vered in the Senate, tore to shreds and scattered to the
winds the absurd theory of a currency purely metal-
tic;" and then the editors 'add: "Considering this
a mere family quarrel, to which we had no right to in-
terfere in, we had not intended to introduce it into
our columns," &c. But the honest editor does in-
troduce it, and interferes wiiha comment, for the
sole purpose of making it a "family quarrel." An
inimical editorial subaltern imagines that his good
word thrown to one Senator, and illt Word to
another, will set them on each other in strife, about
a feigned issue! He gives the signal With as
much confidence as if he were trumpeter at a
tournament, and the sound of his brass would send
the champions whom he selects full tilt'at each
other for the gratification of their common enemies.
Our principal object, however, is to notice the
ever-recurring assertion that one portion of the
Democratic party is in favor of "'a currency exclu-
sively metallic," while another is fixed in opposition
to "restoring the constitutional currency of gold and
silver," because they concur, with the Opposition in
considering it "a humbug." The differing opinions
thus attributed to distinguished men of the Demo-
cratic party, by the Opposition press, are nothing
but extravagant perversions of the actual senti-
ments of the individuals to whom they are imputed.
Neither President Jackson, President Van Buren,
Colonel Benton, or any other holding a position to
give weight to his views., as representing those of
the Democracy, ever proposed "a currency exclu-
sively metallic." On the other hand, we do not un-
.dcrstand Senator Tallmadge as holding that "the
constitutional currency oif gold and silver" ought to be
repudiated as "a humbug." Gen. Jackson's policy,
which Col. Benton and Mr. Tallmadge. alike sup-
ported, proposed only to supersede paper by gold
and silver in- what may be characterized as the do-
mestic dealings, of the country, as contra.'istinguish-
ed from greater mercantile or commercial trans-
actions. Their common object has been to fill those
channels of circulation throughout the Union, here-
tofore glutted with paper of alldenominations, from
one to twenty dollars, with gold and silver. Mr.
Tallmadge says, in the paper copied in the Intelli-
"IN SUCH MEASURES OF REFORM I WILL GO AS FAR
AS HE WHO GOES FARTHEST, PRESERVE AND REGU- .
LATE, BUT NOT DESTROY, I1 MY MOTTO. ENLARGE
YOUR SPECIE BASIS; INTROD CE, AS FAR AS PRACTICA-
BLE, A GOLD CURRENCY, Y THE PROHIBITION OF
SMALL NOTES; PROVIDE MEANS FOR COINING AT THE
MINT: TAKE ALLT.T. PROPER. MEASURES TO PREVENT EX-
tion as a standard of value for every thing-bank
notes not excepied-to legalize the tender of nothing
else; and in provide, as t,'r as practicable, by le-
ei0slarion, against a cotiditnn of things which shall
cTrimpl the community io submifit to an inconverti-
ble paper medium as a substitute. To effect this
desirable end, we have no doubt that every Repub-
lican n Congress, however disposed to indulge the
trading classes with a medium suited to their pur-
poses-with bank facilities-will unite cordially
in rendering the Government and the great body of
the people as independent of them as possible.
ENDORSEMENT FOR MR. GARLAND.
From the Globe of March 28, 1837.
This gentleman, who- was chairman of the In-
vestigating Committee, in which Messrs. Wise and
Peyton figured so much, being extolled by those in-
dividuals, was supposed by some to have favored
their outrageous proceedings. This was doing Mr.
Garland great injustice. His report and resolu-
tions show that he properly appreciated the con-
duct of these'men,and the merits of their groundless
accusations. Since the appearance of this docu-
ment we have had no more of the lavish praise of
those who doubtless hoped, by such means, to turn
the edge of that reproof which they had reason to
expect. The result has shown, that while Mr.
Garland was willing to give the utmost latitude to
the inquiry proposed by Wise and Peyton-cer-
tainly much beyond the limitations of the resolu-
tions under which it was held-yet this was only to
make more manifest the utter recklessness of th
charges alleged against the late President and the
Administration. Mr. Gailand. is a friend to truth-
a sound republican; and may, therefore, in our
opinion, be safely relied on as a true friend to the
ENDORSEMENT FOR MR. MAY.
from the Globe of June 21, 1837.
HON. WILLIAM L. MAY.
A number of the Illinois Republican has been.
forwarded to us by a voter* in the Uqn. William
L May's district, desiring us to -say, whether his
course in Congress justly subjects him to the
charge of having deserted the Democratic party.
The journals of the House of Representatives
ought to have rendered such an interrogatory su-
perfluous. Mr. May, however, has not only by
his votes, but his zealous support of the leading
measures of the Administration, placed himself
amongst the most decided of its friends. During
the sessions of Congress, we have been in habits
oF daily intercourse with Mr. May and his co'-
leagues, and with pleasure declare that a suspicion
of defection on his part was never excited, in our
mind; and we co-fess that we were much surprised
in finding the imputation in the Illinois Republi-
can. If facts exist to justify it, we are ignorant of
*Mr. MAY himself.
Mr. WHITNEY attempts to relieve his friends,
Messrs. TALLMADGE and Riv.cs, of the odium which
his connection with their organ, the Madisonian,
attaches. He has no other occupation at Wash-
ington but that which keeps him daily engaged at
the office of that paper. How he ib paid for his
services, the following detected circular will ex-
"WASHINGTON, July 16, 1838.
"SIR: It has become evident that the course of
policy of a hostile character towards the banks and
the commercial interests of the country is to be
persisted in. In the continued conflict, it has been
considered of the utmost importance that there
shall be one paper at the seat of Government that
will, among other things, defend, in particular,
those great and important individual and national
interests. That it may be rendered more efficient
in that undertaking, it has been deemed essentially
important that practical knowledge and experience
in banking and currency should be enlisted in the
cause; and I have consented, for some time to
come, to be a contributor to the Madisonian, (as I
have been occasionally heretofore) of articles con-
nected with, and bearing on,financial subjects; pro-
vided sufficient patronage shall be extended, by
those whose interests are so immediately and deep-
ly connected, to justify it.
"The greater the number of subscribers that can
be obtained, the more extensively will thefts the
Madisonian will cnrtaln be circulated, and the
better will the people be made ac nointe4 with the
true question at issue.
"Doubting not that yourself, and those associated
with you in the institution with which you are
connected, will feel an interest in the success of
the Madisoriian, I venture to solicit, in behalf of
the proprietor, your patronage and that of your
"Be good enough to forward any subscriptions
to the editor and proprietor, THOMAS ALLEN, Esq.
"I am, respectfully, your most obedient ser-
Joseph Surface, in the Intelligenoer this morn-
ing, appears anxious to disavow the purely Whig
doctrines by which Jack Cade endeavored to esta-
blibh a regime of exclusive privileges and vested
rights by means of incendiary appeals to the cupi-
dity of the ignorant. Joseph now laments the de-
leterious influence of those doctrines which invite ra-
pine and sanctify robbery." Who, we would ask,
have, within the last two years, not only preached,
but practiced upon these doctrines Upon a scale so
magnificent as to have deeply impaired the security
of property, not only among our commercial
men, but throughout all classes of society?
Whose artifices and contrivances have practically
impaired "the light of every man to the enjoyment
of the fruits of his OU*n indulstryi and the savings
of his own frugality?" We have seed the legal
measure of value at once banished from circula-
tion by the simultaneous and concerted movements
of the real disciples of Jack Cade, in order that
all the productive interests of the community might
be exposed to their unhallowed plunder. The State
of Mississippi at the present moment presents a
faint picture cf the condition into which the Whig
leaders had evidently designed to involve the whole
Union; and yet, forsooth, the Intelligencer rolls up
his eyes in contemplation of misrule and anarchy!
But the most disgusting portion of this morn-
ing's article is the barefaced attempt to revive the
alarm for the destruction of churches and burning
the bibles among the weak and credulous, which
was originally directed against Mr. JEFFERSON,
during the Federal reign of terror. The subject of
individual feeling on religious topics is the very
last one to ba introduced into. political discussions.
To those acquainted with the orthodoxy of the Edi-
tors of the Intelligencer, it cannot fail to be suffi-
ciently amusing to witness their assuming them-
selves to be the exclusive champions of Christiani,
ty against Atheism!
We have been furnished for publication the fol-
From the Loulsaian of Aprl 3.
LATER FROM MEXICO. '
Private letters from the'most respectable house.,
in Mexico, announce in positive- terms that the
treaty of peace concluded" by Admiral' Baudin andi
the Mexican plenipotentiaries, has been ratified by
the Mexican Government. One of those letter,
informs us that the army of Gen. Cos was routed
near Tuspa-n by Gen. Mexia,'with the loss of 300
prisoners. It further appears that Bustamente wat
marching upon Tampico.
We guaranty the accuracy of this intelligence.
Since the above was committed to type, we have
received byr a schooner arrived frtm Tampico a
confirmation oflhe news of the triumph of Gen.
Mexia. The battle was fought on the 15th:March,
near Tuspan, and the whole loss of the Govern-
ment troops was 600 prisoners and 400 killed.
Gen. Cos escaped in a wonderful manner by
means of a disguise, in which he clothed himself.
This victory gave rise to great. rejoicings at Tam-
Arista was about to depart from San Luis Poto-
si for Tampico with 1000 men, but it was supposed
that the defeat of Cos would'make him retrace his
steps. They were well prepared to receive him at
The -'schooner Sarah Ann arrived at Tampic
on the 18th, aid the Creole was off the bar oi the,
We have received by the steam packet /Cabaj
which arrived here yesterday, the Houston Tele-
graph of March, 28, and papers of other towns of
The Rtedander of Nacogdoehes publishes the
incipient proceedings of the trial, which took place
in that town, of eight Mexicans, accused of having
in the month of August last, raised their arms
against the Republic, and of having excited the sa-
vages to bosti'ities. -
It appears that the trade between New Orleans
and Texas, by way of the Sabine, is rapidly in-
creasing. Msr4of the people in the eastern part of
Texas obtailn their goods'by that route. The mer-
chants of Nacogdoches, who formerly were sup-
plied by the Rrd river, now have recourse to. the
The country between the GuadalUppe and the
Colarado is rapidly filling up witir firms. Many
immigrants arrive daily. The settlements extend
beyond Gonzales, and the people of that territory
are choosing new sites for towns and villages..
A beautiful specimen of native gold was found
in the mountains about 150 miles northwest of
Bexar. Steatite and sulphuret of iron was found
on the banks of Rio Prio. The last mentioned ore
Was found in large quantities, and was at first sup-'
posed to be Oilver ore. 4
From t Hartford (Comn.) Times.
The Globe calls upon the Democratic papers in
several of the States to ascertain the facts in rela-
tion to the system pursued by the Federal Whigs
where they have the power-to know whether
they actually practice proscriptimon, and to what
extent. As a specimen of their princIples, their
practice and their professions, we need state but a
Of the twenty-four judges of our county court all
but four were swept from office by the last Legis-
There are seventy-two- judges of probate courts,
forty-seven of whom were removedby the same
Federal Legislature for political reasons only.
The three directors of the State prison were re-
moved for the same cau e.
;.We do not know the exact number of justices
of the peace proscribed, to use their own words,
but it cannot vary far from'three hundred-embra.
cing generally the most intelligent and efficient
magistrates in the State.
The Quartermaster General, one of the most
,estimable men in the State, was removed, to make
place for one of the family, a nephew of the "Go-
vernor and Commander-in-Chief.
The auditors of public accounts, the State direc-
tors in banks, and the bank commissioners, were
every one removed.
Commissioners on roads, bridges, ferrieR, c.
where they were Democrats, were swept away.
We cannot state the precise number of offers
who were made 'the victims of Federal' mdice,
often at a great sacrifice of the public interest, bit
'he Qumber .cauoot be los'0am. si.L.Oep)2etve .B
tired of every grade within their reach. Such is,
and always has. been, Federalism in Connecticut.
When the Democrats first carme into power in this
State, there were but four of their number in the
humble office of justice of the peace, and one judge
of ,probate, owt of all the civit officers in the Slate,
being about one thousand. For twenty-five ytarr-
they were excluded froth all office-from the bench,
and to a great extent, from the jury box. Othet
States have talked of proscription-we have felt it
At this moment, not a man in Hartford is per-
mitted to hold any place-to serve as a watchman
-to receive employ as a laborer, who is a Demo-
fBOARDING -The subscriber caa
accommodate citizens or persons vi-
siting the city with board and lodging
by the week or day, or board alone.
The house is pleasantly situated on the north side
of Pennsylvania avenue, between 3d and 41 streets,
the white front next door to Polk's boarding house.
M. A. CLEMENTS.
April 11-3t [Mad. and Int.]
L EWERI'S Republication of the British Re- c
views and Magazines, consisting of the Ame- e
rican Reprints of the London Quarterly, Edin- W
burgh, Foreign and London, and Westminster Re- f
views, Blackwood's, and the Metropolitap Maga- c
zines, and Bentley's Miscellany. I
The January numbers of the Reviews and Fe-
bruary of the Magazines, are now in course of pre- d
paration, and will be issued from the press with all (
possible expedition; In making this announce- s
meant, the publisher takes the opportunity of ex- t
pressing her gratitude for the liberal support which d
she has received, thus enabling her to carry out, to a
the fullest extent, the plans laid down by the late
Mr. Lewer, and which she will pursue without devi-
ation. The establishment has now been under her
sole control,for upwards of six months, during F
which the publications have been issued with regu-p
larity and despatch; and by diligent personal super- ]
vision, she has so systematised her business ar-
rangements, as to insure equal punctuality in the
performance of all her engagements.
These works have been so long before the pub-
lic, that it is needless to enlarge on their value, or
the talent with which they are conducted. As new
volumes of several of the Reviews and Magazines
commence with the present numbers, a favorable
opportunity is presented for those who may wish to
TERms.-The numbers of each work are issued
separately, and aie printed with good type, on a
large octavo page, and on paper of a superior qua-
.lily. Blackwood's Magazine and Bentley's Miscel-
lany are fac-similes of the original work, and the
size of the Metropolitan Magazine and the Reviews
differ very little from the European editions, and
their execution is quite as good in every parti-
BtrTl .-qrt I MAGAITMNESL
O N SATURDAY, the'il3th inmar, at 'C '
at the Exchange, by ordY. of theAdminis-
trattrs of the late Robert Barry,' a Ictg twelve
pound Brass Gun, as it now lies at the yard of Mr.
Denny, ship-joiner, corner -of Wilk and Malket
streets, Fell's Point, where purchasers are requested
to examine it. *
Baltimore, April 11-d3t
F RENCHEI LAWNS AND MUSLINS.-Just
opened, 5,000 yards Lawns and Muslinus,
bought at a very depressed state" of the market,
which will be sold low. -
April 11-3t BRADLEY&CATLETT.
W HITE, STRIPED. A '-LAID MUS-
V LINS AND CAMBRICSJust received,
200 pieces plaid and siriptd MVilins
200 do do do Cambrics
200 do plain Cambric Muslins,
April 11-3t BRADLEY &CATLITT.
FIGURED AND PLAIN SILKS.-Jast opena-
10 pieces rich figured black Silki "
10 do do colored do
20 do .plain colored Poult de Sole
10 do blue-black do
April 1l-3t %BRADLEY & CATILt.
pqREATISE ON CRIMINAL LAWbvJ 3.
T A. G. Davis, (Professor of(J aw is tse TiUi-
versity of Virginia,) with an Exposition of tbs0f-
flce and Auihority of Justices of t Penace in Vir-
rinia, including Forms of Practice, in I vol. 8vo,.
Just published and received for sali by
Apiil 11 F. TAYLOR.
SITUATION WANTED.-A youngmn a -V.
feels himself qualified to discharge the duifh
of any ordinary business, is desirous of obtainint-a
situation. He can produce the most satisfactory
testimonials, not only of his capacity, but of tmA.
racter. A letter addressed to S. T. Wsinugtb
city, will be attended to. April 11-,-3t
Lt IME.-500 bbls. of lime ofsupelior-4nH.j
L just received fresh from the kilns, (in WN V -
ington county, Marylant) Mechanics aAd a'-
ers are invited to call and examine this linneiore
they purchase elsewhlre, as it will be',ti ain c-
commodating terms. -..', "
Also on hand, Oak and Pine Wood I' Wahbraite
Coat,&c. which will be sold low for i, o to
punctual customers. ,
Also, a lot of fine Liafor manure, if taken
away immediately. '"
April I.-eo3t. 12th and C st. southwest coiner.
L EW MEDICAL PAME*ULETS..j4st pub-
LI lished-and this day received by F.-IAYLOR
$rodie's Pathological and Suuigical Obsmtions,
relating to injuries of SpinaJ Cotd; price 5'cents.
Observations gn the Comparaifve State of Medi-
che ipAraneeEnogland, and Germany, by Doctor
A. Muehry of MiCover; price 62 cents. *
Essay on Cataract, by J. Mannoir, M. D. of
Geneva; 25 cenfs. '
Carmic4ael and Colles, on Venereal; 25 cents.
Medicaland Surgical Monographs, by Messrs.
Andral, Beck, Brodie, Louis, Itait, Dabois, and
Burne, published together in one thick 'pamphlet
of 200 pages; price 50 cents. ''
A'few copies of each only received.. ,
PASSAGE FOR CHARLBBTON, SOUTH ChAROLINA.
BY fM ATLANTIC STEAM PACKETS.
pf p lar Sa S eamn-
.I in ,. ll u ,a n d
Sou b' ,Ieing xmox in
compete c abyr1 ae1o Lsof
C,)ngress., d d wi j 'e- prero.e for
passengets ,rammeses eirrega. be-
tween NNor Charleston .
LEAVING NO. a "
South Carolina, Capt. Coff 13th
April., tI P A& am
"Georgia, Rollins, ." ', O&Ap Li.
South Carotina,. .Affee, ..-17 -_
Georgia, Capt. Rollins, Saturday, 13th April.-
ribth Carolina, ", Coffee, "'t., 20th -l
Georgia, Rollins, '^. 27.h
Ajadi S oqm alternately EVERY .SAI aDAY Yfroni
-I'ywfylc~and' frp eharfrstgn. .*----
E Passengers by this line for Charleston, leav-
ing New York on Thursday an. Ph'ladep~hia by
Thursday evening's steamboats and Eriday morh-
ing cars for Baltimore, will be in tinie to 'take the
Daily Norfolk Boa, on Friday evening at three
o'clock for the Charleston Steam Packets, waiting
at Norfolk for the arrival of the Baltimore boat on
Carriages and Horses taken in the Georgia, and
small packages of freight in either boat. For fur-
ther particulars apply to -
T. SHEPPARD, Treasturer,
Baltimore, April 9, 1839-Aplld
GENERAL POST OFFICE BUILDING.
OFFICE OF THE COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS,
March 21, 1839. j
ROPOSALS will be received at this office un-
til the 254W of April next, to furnish the
best quality of td%'gf ,white marble, or granite, or
ree stone, [as ma fe.reafterbe termined on by the
loard of Commioibters on'-0T'M tbblic Buildings,]
or facing'the extitor walls of the.new General
Post Office building, about to be. erected in this
city; the quantity wanted will b from sixty to
eighty thousand cubic feet; thrte-fourths of the
hole quantity in blocks from 8 to 15 cubic feet
or ashler, and one-fourth in blocks from 15 to 25
:ubic feet for pilasters and cornice,for, all of which
bills of dimensions will be given.
The proposals must state the price per cubic foot,
delivered at such wharf or the railroad depot as the
Commissioner of Public Buildings may direct, and
state the time the first delivery could be made, and
the quantity of cubic feet per month until all shall be
delivered. The offers must be for the stone either in
a rough or dressed state.
To be published in the National Intelligencer;-
Alexandria Gazetj; Richmond Enquirer, ,'Citizen,
Frederick city, Md.; Mail, Hagerstown, Md.; Re-
publican, Baltimore, Md.; Genius of Liberty,
Leesburg, Va.; Pennsylvaniflr,' Philailphia; Eve-
nling Post, New York; Morning Post, Boston;
Eastern Argus, Portland, Me; and Gazette, Ports-
mouth, N. H.
CITY POST OFFICE.
POST OFFICE WASHINGTON CiTY,
Aprit 4, 1839;
T 3 HIS office wi'l be open for the delivery of
letters and papers daily from 7 a. -nm. to 9
p. m. except on Sunday. On that.day the filow-
inghours wilJ hereafter be observed: The offi f
will be.opened at 71 a. m. and remain Upen until 9
a. m. and from 12 m. to lI p. m. for ithe delivery
of the first Baltimore mail; and from' 8 to 9"'p. m.
for the delivery of the Eastern mail.
April 5-3t J. S. GUNNELL, P. M.
rLK'S HOUSE.-Ladies and gentlemen visi-
ting or nasaing thronuh the city of Washin,.
,#' VWI,.- ilLdoe*
by the. pro'er 'ht of. '-....... d his earnest wish thatthe neces iry step may be'promptly taken party taint. But a subject of this vast importance
0 0 fl B 0 AT.. b the proper authorities ofMaachuettawto enforce a due obe- ouhytt be fully examined and considered.
dience to the terms of the existing arrangement between the oh te
dnt Governnment of the United States and that of Great Britain in re- At the time of the late movement there had been
SPEECH OF MR. SALTONSTALL, gaid-to the disputed territory." no recent change of circuinstances. Nothing had
OF? "M~snuET' rThe subject of complaint was, that our land been done by the United States or by Great Brita:n
OF M SSAOHlUSZ'rrs, agents had permitted persons to cut timber, and since the close of ihe last session of Congress. The
Sa.4he House of Represeitatives, Mlarch 2, 1839-On" that they had entered into contracts for opening two late movement on the part of Maine has produced
the subject of the Northeastern Boundary. roads, which would intersect the Restook river. I do the present crisis. It is deeply to be regretted; and
vMra. SALTONSTALL said he rose under unfa- not contend that there is any thing, so far, to show I must fearlessly say tha', in my judgment, it was
vorable circumstances, on account of the time at what was the existing arrangement, or that it was indiscreet-unfor.tunate, to say the least of it.
.whiWh Athe important subject was brought forward, understood by our Executive to be'as extensive as Might not the consequences have been foreseen?
ana" he symptoms of impatience which had Been that now set up. But let us, proceed. Wculd not a different course have effected the ob-
shown. He should not have attempted to address The next communication, a copy of which was ject, without risking such consequences
the committee, but that no one from Massachusetts enclosed, is one from Mr. Maclauchlen to Sir A. Sir John Harvey has the reputation of being an
had taken part in the debate. 1 shall (said Mr. S.) Campbell, Lieutenant Governor of New Bruns- honorable, as well as a gallant officer; might there
presently own views, from the best consideration wick, stating the grievances of which he corn- not safely have been a communication with him, or
I have been able to give the subject, on my own plained: with our Government, as to the trespasses? Both
responsibility.. There has .been no consultation "RESTOOK, Sept. 28,1833. arti ar nidr as ointl interested in
among the Representatives of that State. ((SiR: I feel it my d ity, as the officer in char-e of the territo' parties are to be considered as jointly interested in
It is not necessary for me to remark the deep ryin dispute between the Government of his Majesty and that the territory in dispute. The course taken pro-
It i no necessary or me to rema e deep of the United States ofAmerica, o bring under the early consi- ceeded, I have no doubt, from a deep smnwe of in-
stake Massachusetts has in this subject, not only as deration of your excellency a subject which I am fearful may Thir int t ha n nlte th
a member of this Union, but her separate interest shortly lead to a misunderstanding between the two countries. jury. Their interests had been neglected: they
as oiStowner f thewhoe disputed territory-a "Since I had the honor of the appointment of warden of the have made complaints, and have given intimations
territorywhin embraces t 0,000 sure milerrirsy and territory, I have endeavored as much as possible to prevent of the course they should feel compelled to pursue.
teritorv;which embraces 10,000 square, miles, and trespasses from being made by the cutting of pine timber, &c.
6,000,060 acres of land. I shall differ from my and which, I am happy to say, has been generally effected, as it It is still possible, I trust, that the course taken
friend who has just sat dow, [Mr. M.ENEE.] is well known,that there are now large quantities still standing will not lead to the consequences some appreheni;
frienwhohasust sat dow, Mr. MNFEE adjacent to ihe line from Mars hi!l to the Great falls, which it may lead to a settlement of the boundary ques-
Theie, is noQhonorable member who would not go wbuld odie wise have been removed. And the only timber of may uled toa ette et f til boundrtnqte
with that gentilemim to the utmost extent, if it was any aorseqwtence, that has been manufactured, was on the Res- tion. Should that be the case, it will be fortunate.
took river, by persons settled there, without any intention of The first step was a secret session of the Legisla-
a cleat case that national honor required resort to making business of it, but each getting small quantities (and ture, and the passage of the resolve which led to the
national arms.' Who would dare to raise his in many instances off land they held in possesaon) for the main- i lto t
ice ch a tenance of their families, which were actually in want, owing expedition. Any one knowing the state of feeling
voice, in uchf a case, against immediate recourse to the cropsofthe last year being destroyed by early frosts. of this subject, on both sides of the line, might well
to ar^ .Who would ntrot risk his person, his all, "The subject to which I must now beg the honor to call the apprehend what woul follow. The people of
in such a cause? But is this such a case? Has the attention ofyour excellency isthat of an infringement of the un- apprehend what woul ow
crisis arrived? That is the question. Whether Con- derstanding betweenthe Governments of Great Britain and the Maine have great spirit and courage-they will do
crss a t ,a !S te aqcourses wh o isalI IUnited States, during the settlement of the question ofbounda- what they say-I ,know them well; therefore, I
grss oWght ~o0Jo take a course which is all, or may ry by the land agents ofthe State of Massachusetts and Maine,. of with the greatest
,.be consideiedl& be .ll,, but -an actual declaration who are not only holding out inducements to the subjects of both look at the present s ate of things with the greatest
of war? countries to cut pine timberon the territory in my charge, by concern. There was a secret session-then a posse.
e paying them a duty of two shillings and sixpence a ton, but Who ever heard of such a posse before? It had
Thie-i mpirtance of th's question can hardly be have entered into contracts for opening two roads to intersect, th
overstated. When has one so important arisen? one fifty miles from its confluence with the St. John, and the the appearance of a military expedition. They
I. comes forward at the la.t moment of the session. other thirty miles, both of which are either to be completed this still remain at the Aroostook, where they are ,n-
r comes forward at the last moment of the session falt.or early in the next season. trenching themselves-for what? Todispere tres-
It reqiresdays and nights of anxious thought, yet "It is unnecessary, and probably might be considered im- themselves-or hat? pere ire
we are called upon to act at once. proper, on mry -part, to animadvert on. the conduct of those passers?
e mn q o b e te natio agents, but your Excellency must be well aware of the trouble This course may embarrass the boundary ques-
he main question between the two nations all it occasions in the performance of my duty; and certainly there tion, by bringing forward, prominently, a new and
here understand, it Was placed in such a clear light by does appear something exceedingly inconsistent, that the land'
the tort in. the Senate last year. The controversy agents of these States should attempt to counteractthe wishes, collateral one, as stated by the gentleman fom
e relo ind Senate last year. Tie controversy nay, I may almost say, the instructions of both Governments Pennsylvania.
is of long standing. For a long time it excited but loan officer who has been appointed to prevent collision be. A great and new question is now presented,
little attention. When the treaty of peace was teen them. I have the honor to be, &c &c.
tade, that whole territory was a wilderness; the "T. A. MACLAUCIILEN, whether an indiscreet siep of a State shall involve
e1, "Warden of the Disputed Territory. this nation in a great and tremendous war ? War
j!pu lation of the District of Maine was only a few "His Excellency Maj. Gen. Sir A. CAMPBELL." between these two nations will be DO child's play;
tl'tiads there were only a few scattered settle- This letter was communicated by Sir Archibald wen the to nations wil no chd p
*%ets along the shore eastof the Kennebec. But Campbell to the British Minister, and by him to all say, that once begun, it will belon-that it
it ha s dally become a ttestion of magnitude our Goveriment. Is there nothing here to show may be -f ten years' duration-ten years of strife,
and importance tw both parties: 'to Great Britain, that the Governor of New Brunswick considered of suffering, and of bloodshed.
asedurilng a connection between her provinces; the UNDERSTANDING as extending over the WHOLE What, then, should this Government do? We
and to us, as embracing a large extent of territory territory? Here we have the title "Warden of the should do nothing which may have a tendency to
l)iseuted Territory," and his claim of jurisdiction excite unnecessary irritation-nothing which may
ligble for ettlement.Our claim, under the treaty suted Territory," and his claim of jrisdictio unnecessarily tend to produce war. I have no
of 1783, -as shared-the fate of other deferred over the whole, with the assertion that the land fears of being reproached with want of spirit and
claihms.. It ha4 bedoie obscured, but itis now un- agents of Massachusetts and Maine had counter-
derstbod. It is easily ulerstpod. I believe dit to acted tho wishes, nay, he might almost say, the instrtw- courage. Grea Britain knows well with whom she
S be; perfectly well founded. It Is not more compli.i lions ofboth Gore ,aents to an officer who was ap- is to contend; that we are of her own blood, her
c te4tan many land causes, and, in my judg- pointed to prevent elision between them. But this takown a new start in the fresh soilof generated but who haverld.
menL,, ,rop what examination I have been able to is notbtll. Thia.ubject received the prompt atten- taker own a nexperience, also, has tart ught the fresh soilitofthis new wisrd.
make, no jury of intelligent, disinterested men tion of the GoVernor of Massachusetts, who ac- Henot from fear that weence, arelso, has taughinclined to hat it is
could hesitate upon it. I mean our.-caim uylr knowledge the receipt November 1, 1833, accom- not from fear that we are inclined to a pacific
the4reaty of 1783. I go heartily, therefore, for panied by a distinct protest against this claim of course. No;it is from other, from higher conside-
thl part of the bill which provides for, nd- exclusive jurisdiction, rations; from our abhonrience of war between thes-
inga special ministerto Engla. Itss eess, "I cannot but earnestly protest against the authority of any wo kindred nations, as a great and terrible ae
hoiwg ra scll deliae#dmto Epo.hth ICara e" of appointment on tho behalf of his Majesty's Government, which lamity. And at this time, when we have been
how'%'ever, will depnd much upo the character of may be regarded as a claim to the exclusive protectionof this h oping that the facilities of intercourse between
the minister. This question should not be affected property, or be deemed an acquiesccence on- the part of the P at the aciities o intercourse eween
by any considerations of party; it should be eleva- United States in interference, under color of a 'Wardenship of nations, and the improvements of our day, had pro-
ted fariabove thema. Such a man as might and the Disputed Territoty,' with that direction to its improvement duced more enlightened views and better feelings
ed bovehm. Such a man as might and which the Governments of Massachusetts and Maine respec- on the subject of war we had flattered ourselves
ought to be selected might present our rights in a tively may see fit' to give'their agents." u aere ourselves
manner which would be irresistible. I believe the Can it be pretended 9hat this claim was not then that there had ben great change a great advance
G6oernment of Great Britain could not meet 'and brought directly to the notice of our Government in true civilization, and that the history of the next
answer the argument such a minister migitprepare and that it was asserted to be by an arrangement two hundred years would not be written in blood,
in the quickest passage ever made across the At- between the two nations? The Governor of Mas- like that of the preceding. Who would resort to
lantic Still, it is to be considered and treated as a sachusetts had no difficulty in understanding the war, except literally as the last resort-war between
serious question between two.nations. extent of the claim, and his protest distinctly in- two great nations, bound together by the strongest
: ~mutual interest, as well 'as by the indissoluble ties
The-great, the main question is, vhat is the true formed the Secretary of State that he did so under- mutual interest, as well asy the indissoluble ties
boundary lne under the treaty of peasy* The stand it.. of common ancestry, language, literature, and reli-.
boundary Nole u~der the treaty of peasyl, The stand it.
question : was-originally one of construwto'n merely, The land agent of Massachusetts was immedi- gion?
dmnsB ng on theAerms of the .aty. IIhas been ately called on for information by the Governor, Some things in this debate have surprised me.
d9Syd, until a question, eeediugly simple at who says: No one, I trust, desires war; why, then, connect
OWYd"Itt hao alradys:~ tent r
dlshabcm a 4usiod temdingl na imon e atr
fist, has become a I standing natroni heritrgh o"I have already Written to Mr. McLane, protesting against this with other subjects? Who connect it with the
versy. the right of his aiesty's provincial officers to interfere with dispute at the mouth of the Columbia river, or any
vry. -any directions which ..e Government of the States of Maine rs An w ; i
At the last session of Congress, application was and Massachusetts may think proper to give to their agents, in other difficulties? And what reason is there to
made for an imrtediate'survey of th botaiary the management of their property in the territory over which suppose that Great Britain has sent armies into Ca-
Adistn s zT Main the British Government has recently extended her extraordi-_ nada or the West Indies, or fleets to the Gulf of
line A distinguise edcitze ot Maine was here nary and unfounded claim; but at the same time expressing a M co, for the purpose of military warfare against
for Ike purpose pressing theJitmportance of an willingness to respect the wishes of the General Government Mexico, or the purpose of military warfare against
im settlement of this qestio which w abstaining from any facts of exclusive occupancy during the United States? May it not have been thought
i at, setlemt. tis.e question, wth ch was the tendency of measures to bring the subject of controversy wise to guard against the possible effects of aboli-
be'loinrone of-exciting interest in that State. A to an amicableissue." o tion in the West Indies? And are not their 16,000
bill was intlw uced to provide for surveying the In that officer's reply to theGovernor, November or 25,000 troops in Canada necessary to keep those
Northpaawn boundary line of the United States,, 8, 183,A he states,: r p inana d nsa r ep
aacuordit to the provisions of the treaty. ofpeace'of "As to the charge of holding out inducements to the subjects colonies from disturbance? And has England dis-
1783. That bill was comaltited in the Senate arid of both countries to cut pine timber on the territory in dispute, covered no confidence in this Government? Her
the able rennt was m ..d to which T hav^ referred, sofar ascoIwernsmy agency, itis entirely: groundless. I have whole Canadian frontier has been in a state of
,a.n opin, received repeated applications for pormitsoto cut timber, and I alarmnon account of incursions from our territory;
witht r sblutioris expressing an opinion, without a have invariably answered" that I would not grant any until thea
doubt,"ib'favor of the justice and validity of the dis pteshbhi&lB settled, and if any timber was cutI should and yet it has not disturbed the friendly relations
t;tle U,. nited STT" es t, the ull ex.- ten t o.fall '-he order lt'selsed. Winter before the last, I caused some timber of the two nations.
title f- u ath Une StatW I te fallxtet Ot all, ,the tebe seized upon the Aroostook river, and, a short time after, Think of the connection between thes two n-
-'" territ6ifyiwi tttthilt it wasi practical. lto-n Utu ijer w.a theBoil-Ink b the e sako the connection between theee two na-
,the line'aecor4fft to the treaty- and "han" earne'i' pebrsothat'EprsIeravs uats, onji t, or' purstt^tt to B Orders, none, our constant intercouse, our mutual corn-
'" S-" "" = : "p... a- SLn" Tb "le timber was afterwards sold,' and the amount, whatever merce, more than between any other nations on the
desire' maC te .pendmg negotiation shptlt4.b i.may haey. been, went into the hands of the officers of the globe our competition in Ihear commeree and
brought to a close, and (he final decision*"6f'the Cotonyof New Brunswick. It i apparent, thereiory,that our e our competition in the arts commerce, and
das atracticable.o.herenp.,rt interest iato prevent timberbeing cut, rather than toInduce the manufactures. Is it surprising that there should
dispute, --,ad' ,as soo,, cu ,,,-, .. ..., t .. .tin-." .. arise occasional causes of difficulty and irritation?
stated that the important preliminaries of a emrven- This letter was transmitted to the Secretary of. Will the not haen among the most honorable
to'n between' the two Governments, for the purpose State Nov. 15th. men in the transactions of business?
of eploring and sllrveyfng the disputed lines of the daoiher'complaint was made by the "Warden" But, Mr. Chairman, the question now i, what
treatyy, had been adjusted, andexrpresseda confident to t he Lieutenant Governor Nov. 22, 1833, who shall' bedoneinhr te ny al
:hope that the pending negotiation might be prbdtuc-' transmi~ted it, through the British Minister, to our: leave Manedone in this oesnt estgec? N;Shel mus
?,rnU^^^^^^leave Maine alone in this contest? No; she must
tire or The mit' happy resolb, 4nd that'the bill,' Government. The subject was the opening of a be protected. Is it expedient to pass this bill? I
thtereore, oughth not to pass;.""" ,oad to. the Aroostook river. Sir A. Campbelt believe the provisions of the act of 1795 are suffi-
The Government of Maine 'was determined to' wrte. cient for the occasion. That authorizes the Presi-
show that she W&'s in earnest. The attention of /"Yo'r Excellency is aware that the territory thus virtually dent to call out such part of the militia as he may
Con-'esywaS brought to tbe subject; it was fully awarded, though often claimed as American, has never ceased
examined, and made the subject ofalegislative re-. to be under the recognized jurisdiction of Great Britain, and deem necessary to resist invasion, or in case of
,UI.. A,* -, Jae '" c.. tinuing to look tamely on at this systematic and unprovoked poses the whole -responsibility upon the President.
This controversy was therefore left as it'was be- violation of our rights." "
b and i appears, from Thiswas communicatedbyMr.Vaughan toour I am willing, therefore, to go further-to go for the
f~Ct.ea regotoiihtib t our-t first section of the bill, or for a resolution to the
thiixe-keuit.Lve re~p~ort, on-,th~e subje"Ct df our territo- Governmhent.. same effect. -I hold that 'Maine, is to be protected.
rial relations with Great Britain; that as a na'tioal All this took' place in 1833. Was not this claim Why? B ecause there has not been phtex.
.. Wh~y'/"Bcueteehsntbe such an ex-
S question, (and: it is one,) it remains unchanged, of' exclusive jurisdiction brought to the notice of plicit arrangement or understanding as is asserted.
Nothing has beendone by the qejeral Goveroment,, our GoVernment? And did they instantly repel' There is some misunderstanding of the matter; and
bu; ^ Maine^. ^ ha a edeo isioei t eplre
bujt Maine has appo- ted commsioners to explore it? Is there 'any evidence of this until long after- I believe it will be found either that Sir John Har-
the temitory. Legislature had passed 'ar wards? vey has mistaken his instructions, or that they were
solve, providing that if 'the bill then pending before' Are gentlemen ready to rush into war at once on founded in misapprehension, and that the British
Congress shourtd fail, and no decisive movement was account of this claim, as a. false and groundless Government will be satisfied that there was no
made by'tho Genera!'Government, either alone ior. pretence?' In the present state of this question, express or to be from
in conjunction with Great Britairi, the time would WA tht obscurity there-is about it, instead of doing the diplomatic Intercourse between the two Govern-
then have arrived" for -Maine to assume an inde-' or encouraging any act which may tepld to bring ments.
petdet attitude; and to commence the work :of as- on war between these two great nations, with all
certaintrig, running, adid locating the Northeastern, its treiamndbus evils, should we not anxiously desire RO CTU TH NRT AR
boundary line; and, in that event, it was. made t give time forexplanation AOSPECTUS OF "THE NORTH CAROLd-
the imperative. duty pf the, 'Governor to appoint "'The resolutions of the Legislature of Massachu- subscber ths da
S forthwith the commissioners for, that purpose. and settlls of March, 1836, forwarded to the National purchased of the proprietors the presses and types
"cause the same to be carri0d into operation.", executive (Doc. 199, 24th Cong. 1st sessionr) leave of lhe "North Carolina Journal," begs leave to
Three commissioners were accordingly appointed no doubt as to the understanding of that Legislature announce to the public, that he intends, as soon as
with intructos to explore aapi m;e'the necessary arrangements can be made, to corn-
witf, intmretions to -explore a, particular paxt' :of on thigh point. They are as follows:
P--rw di--tl ....a "tot--n w .... '-mii:--arni nch w ,, .. r -i: mence tlie weekly publiatton of a paper at thLS
the 'isputed teritory. A communications ws "Whereas a large tract ot the Northeastern territory of th ence the weekly publication of a paper at this.,i,
S made by the Governor of Maine to the Lieutenant! United States, belonging in common to the States of Maine and plac', under the above title.
S Governor of New Brunswick, cbntaiiinng,'th sub- Massachusetts, and. lying within the limits of the former State, Duly sensible of the importance of newspaper
-aucdof the i .stittionis. The. ns er of .Sir.John has, for many yearspast, in consequence of a claim of Great publications to the community at large, and of
"stance 01t ine .t Uttlon. .a answer~o O.o .e Britain, been surrendered to the exclusive custody of the Br. ,. .i-. ,
(a Gv, (GO. "ent states in; esage i Janua- tish Government; and whereas it appears from the report of a lie corresponding responsibilities of editors, the
r" Ia t-, "altop.h c..^uced inurteous ...anguage- 'committee appointed by the last Legislature of this Common- editor of the "North Carolinian" only here promi.
- with ". well-known high an. hnr. b"l wealth, to make personal examination into the state of our pub. s, its raesrlis his industrious efforts and nprs'
.ae uding Wt i wc-nOn and honorable lie landss, that great Inconvenkences and gross abuses have re- reaes s usious eors an pese-
clrao.er* that 9fice, will yet doubtlss cor- suWted from sovaluable portion of eurdomain, being left inthe vering application, to, make the paper a useful
md y4tWtj#;" u-mt d deliberate consa,.rationn keeping'of agents over whom we have no control: therefore, channel of correct intelligence, upon all subjects of
Seiuie ae nguage "Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives n ulic intrt falling within theran f his limit.
4 Gnd decided language, the Genorat court assembled, That, in the opinion of thisLegie. pbc interest, falling within therange of his limit-
ch. r and extent of'his instructions relative tq nature, it is due to'the rights and interests of Maine and.Mawar ed experience, observation and research.
:tjjg '-hu ,,t .fh deiid pwil setts that, nmeaures should he taken by the ExecUtive of the' The columns of the North Carolinian will be
.-n-- g--- C ^--. .,.. 4 6 uW fnitted States to secure a speedy settlement of this long pro. freel dvted t he heart, hut-temnprate and
kmlt-" .^ *? tr'actedc6nfroveriy; sothat these States may be reinstated in reely devoted to the hearty, but temperate and
i'. eI u mijoners went on and explored th( ,the*e enjoyment ofutpro erty which wa so long in tkeir tn- candid support of the measures -of the present Ad-
teidlhirre,'ort KThis was the firs ^~.'ad t0es / i-so indiaputablytheirs. ministration of the General Government, on the
Sdi. e teir ..... '. eResolvedI"rlat in case mthereb a prospect of further una '
~,ground that the edttorbehieves the principles, upon
p~M~o0mo Maine after the proceedings i vodedelda in thedettlement of thiE ontr6versy, it is essen ground that the editor 'believes the principles upon
S ''.,- *' *. ttialtotre-.nsmof Juttice thatmeasureahoild be taken by the which they are wounded, to be the same which
-'.*i" mt done? n amed body of men, Executivi'ofthe United States to obtain a representation of the .tawas governed the. great body of the D-mo-
S qtoxt adone? An armed oy of M* interests and right of Maine and Massachusetts in the agency r'. aRes ov te dc u t Deio-
tlw a pa... of the dipttted territory and guAtdi*iAW) of the territory in -estioan." cratie Republicans ot the country, as contradis-
s, and this has been followed by h Conibnt od these resolvEt is unnecessary. They tinguished from the Federal or National Republi-
-., between the Govirntments,:of Maiin htNv 'eWialy orderedd by ,the gentleman from cans, who mainly constitute and give character to
and Ne Mswic which h producedd thepe Piylvia, tM BrL. This claim and the the opposition party, or self-styled Whigs.
" an d. ,moswick which hq~v,*od-ad the~pe P mylfvhii," jkMi Bi6.ti- Tis li and the .. ..". "
st .-W-reIe ki bif the 'd rt-i ted territory to the exclusive It shall be an object of paramount consideration
..... .. .~~~. .. .. ve I binm thn e ,tod a b c t e to
'N- Govemor of New Brunswick tis -up Lhl Cust6d of-"th itish Governmentpm the very in publishing this paper, to draw public attention
clefd to q dl oeession and jurittiion of th tieanc'(itd of... (That istthe ground O tor and concentrate public opinion more zealously
c& to q h .lObuession n jursit I khtevance bdMVi~ ~ o.,Ta stegon o n the...'. .... .
disputed te.ry, cordin-t -hi it 'teutos. It staed to b the very object upon, the peculiar interests of North Carolina as
m hl itu '-erdri t ---int' ht!-mn th fre whitph h t nselv stted to ben the. "nrratt an independent State, by often presenting to the
m i l i ~ l t l e m t t ~ ~ t ~ ~ n I h f r w i c h l b e n ~ o t r @ t t ~ m n t f "t h e P r o t r ar t e a n i n d e p e n d e n t S t a t e b y o f t e n p r e s e n t i n g t o t m e
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT,
IApril 6, 1839.
Abstract from the Journal for the week ending this day.
POST OFFICES ESTABLISHED.
Madison C. H. Madison co. Fior. T.
Vischer's Ferry, Sarotoga co. N. Y.
Doansburg, Putnam co. N. Y.
Ha w kinsville, Sussex co. Va.
Long Rapids, St. Lawrence co. N. Y.
North Sterling, Cayuga co. N. Y.
Salmon, River, Oswego co.-N. Y.
Tremont, Clarke co. 0.
North Hampton, Clarke co. 0.
SGraysville, Huntingdon ca. Pa.
Mujlview, Fauquier co. Va.
Palestine, Greenbrier co. Va.
Good Hope, Walton co. Ga.
Union Point, Greene co. Ga.
Rehobothville, Morgan co. Ga.
Anderton, Greene co. Ia. z
Dunkley'1 Grove, Cook co. Ill.
Salibrity, Pickens dist. S. C.
Bowlesville, Fluvanna co. Va.
Barber's Cross Roads, Isle of Wight co. Va.
Cross Roads, Bedford co. Va.
South Westport, Bristol co. Mass.
POST OFFICES DISCONTINUED.
Severn Creek, Owen co. Ky.
Jones's Store, Pontitoc co. Miss.
Mouth of Chucky, Jefferson co. Te.
Concord, Tippecanoe co. Ia.
Carrol ton, Carroll co. Ia.
Licking, Fleming co. Ky.
Hatchville, La Grange cI. Ia.
Grantsville, Noxubee co Miss.
Brussells, Morgan co. II
Martin's Cross Roads,C rk co. Miss.
Stump Bridge, Madison o. Miss.
Rosseau, Columbia co. qa.
CHANGE OF NAME I POST OFFICES.
Clear Ridge, Bedford co,
Snowsville, Orange co. V't. to Braintree.
Mouth of Sac, Rives's p. Mo. to Oceola.
Van Buren, Marshall co. Ala. to Marshall.
Great Mills, St. Mary'sco. Md. to Clifton Fac-
Mattocks, Tatnall co. GCa. to Surrency's.
APPOINTMENT OF POSTMASTERS.
Thomas M. Dean, Wtst Almond, Allegany co.
Nathan Fletcher, jr, West Bradford, Essex co.
Edmund J. Baker, Milton, Norfolk co. Mass.
William B. Smith, Throopsville, Cayuga co.
William E. Hawks, North Bennington, Ben-
nington co. Vt.
Robert Davis, Concord, Merrimack co. N. H.
Sardine Y. Collins, Grand View, Washington
E. McFarland, Cherokee, Logan co. 0.
Abraham Crepwell,.Shaver's Creek, Huntingdot
Thomas J. Riddle, Carthage, Hamilton co. 0.
William McKee, Lockport, St. Joseph co. Mich.
Henry C. Orendorff, Michigan Centre,' Jackson
Orman L. Kimbrough, Carrollton, Carroll co.
Edmund W. Howd, Fischer's Ferry, Saratoga
co. New York.
Christian A. Snyder, Mattsville, Bucks co. Pa.
Joseph B. Pierce, Grass Lake, Jackson co.
Jacob Houser, Fort Littleton, Bedford co. Pa.
Alonzo R. Angell, 'Salmon river, Oswego co.
Benjamin Doane, Doansbttrg, Putnam co. N. Y.
Benjamin E. Hawkins, Hawkinsville, Sussex co.
Lorenzo Fenton, Long Rapids, St. Larence co.
Win. T. Churchill, North Sterling, Cayuga co.
Andrew C. McLaughlin, Tremont, Clarke co.
Daniel Roffensperger, North Hampton, Clarke
Samuel Jones, Graysville, Huntingdon co. Pa.
John M. Fant, Millview, Fauquier co. Va.
Thomas C. M. Alderson, Palestine, &reenbrier
James Richardson, Good Hope, Waltrn co. Ga.
William P. Lawson, Union Point, Geene co.
HiramlPendergrass, 1ehobothville, Morgan co.
G e o r g i a -.. . ..
Charles Rose, West Windsor, Brome co. N. Y.
Morgan H. Jone% Bryant's, Fayette co. Pa.
Charles Butler, Village Green,, Delaware co. Pa.
Matthew Thompson, East Liverpool, Columbia-
na co. 0.
Samuel H. Patterson Fountain of Health, Cum-
berland co. Pa.
Benneville Yoder, Trexlertown, Lehigh co. Pa.
Asahel Medbury, Youngstown, Trumbull co. 0.
Hugh Edams, Andalusia, Bucks co. Pa.
George S. Fullerton,. Bloomingburg, Faye'tte co.
Solomon B. Murphy, Irwinton, Wilkinson co.
Daniel Pitchford, Mqunt Gonah, Habersham co.
James T. Teays, Coalsrnouth, Kanhawa co. Va.
Jacob P. Welch, Hebron, Washington co. Geo.
David Dunn, Andertpn, Greene co. Ia.
James E. Sheegog, 0xford, Lafayette co. Miss.
Jeab Wilson, Estank1a, Haywoo! co. Tenn.
George S. Capers, Narkeeta, Kemper co. Miss.
Calvin Bridgman, IWchertown, Hampshire co.
George K. Steele, Dickson's Mills, Parke co. Ia.
Edward Means, Buqkhead, Fairfield dist. S. C.
Robert A. Read, Pern's Store, Patrick co. Va.
Charles H. Hoit, Dukley's Grove, Cook co. Ill.
Matthew Vandenbui gh, Port Jackson, Montgo-
mery co. N. Y. -
Albert Bliss, Georgi, Franklin co. Vt.
Ahmed Rucker, Wincheater, Morgan co. Ill.
John F. Harper, Wishington, Adams co. Miss.
Lyle Cholwell, Uppr Red Hook, Dutchess co.
Moses Wallace, Wft Topsham, Orange co. Vt.
Phinehas Kingsly, Bast Sheldon, Franklin co.Vt.
Robert C. Surrency,aXatlock's, Tatnall co. Ga.
Allen Fuller, Salubrty, Pickens dist. S. C.
Nathan H. PayneBowlesville, Fluvanna co.
James C. Doson, !arber's Cross Roads, Isle of
Wight co. Va.
Isaac James, jr. Cris Roads, Bedford co. Va.
Thomas Anderson, iMadison C. H. Madison
co. Flor. Ter.
Frederick Brownel South Westport, Bristol
Jared Beardsley, Scpio, Cayuga co. N. Y.
Samuel S. Greene, jr. Medford, Middlesex co.
Fiederick A. Penn, prattsrille, Greese ce. N.Y.
Joel B. Bennett, Welington, Onondago co; N.Y.
Philander' Corset, Town Line, Erie co. N. Y.
Peter Sanborn, Deq|ield, Rockingham co. N. H.
William Guthrie, Clark, Mercer co. Pa.
David BeI)knap, Shfrodsville, Carroll co. O.
Obadiah Pellet, jr. Augusta, Sussex co. N. J.
William D. Clark, ]ew Wilmington, Mercer co
Thjob nidns, Pe, in, Carroll co. O.
John L. '6le, We" s Stokes co. N. C.
From the Democratic Review.
OLD IRONSIDES ON A LEE SHORE.
BY AN EYr WITNESS.
It was at the clo.-e of a stormy day in the year
1835, when the gallant frigate Constitution, under
the command of Captain Elliott-having on board
the late Edward Livingston, late Minister at the
Court of France, and his family, and manned by
nearly five hundred souls-drew near to "the chops"
of the Englih channel. For four'days she had
been beating down from Plymouth, and on the
fifth, at evening, she made her last tack for the
The watch was set at eight, p. m. The captain
came on deck soon after, and having ascertained
the bearing of Scilly, gave orders to keep the ship
"full and by," remarking at the same time to the
officer of the deck, that he might make the light on
the lee beam, but, he stated, he thought it more.
than probable that he would pass it without seeing
it. He then "turned in," as did most of the idlers
and the starboard watch.
At a quarter past nine, p. m. the ship headed
west by compass, when the call of "Light 0!" was
heard from the foretopsail yard.
"Where away?" asked the officer of the deck.
"Thiee points on the lee bow," replied the look-
out man; which the unprofessional reader will rea-
dily undefttand to mean very nearly straight ahead
At this moment the captain appeared and took the
"Call all hands," was his immediate order.
"All hands," whistled the boatswain, with the
long, shrill summons familiar to the ears of all who
have ever ben on board a man-of-war.
"All hands," screamed the boatswain's mate;
and ere the last echo died away, all but the sick
were upon deck.
The ship was staggering through a heavy swell
from the Bay of Biscay; the gale, which had been
blowing several days, had increased to a severity
that was not to be made light of. The breakers,
where Sir Cloudesley Shovel and his fleet were de-
stroyed, in the days of Queen Anne, sang theirsong
of death before, and the Dead Man's Ledge replied
in hoarser notes behind us. To go ahead seemed
to be death, and to attempt to go about was sure
The first thing that caught the eye of the captain
was the furled mainsail, which he had ordered to be
carried throughout the evening; the hauling up of
which, contrary to the last order that he had given
on leaving the deck, had caused the ship to fall off
to leeward two points, and had thus led het into a
position on a "lee shore," upon which a strong
gale wAs blowing her, in which the chance of safety
appeared to the stoutest nerves almost hopeless.
That sole chance consisted in standing on, to carry
us through the breakers of Scilly or by a close
graze along their outer ledge. Was this destiny to
be the end of'the gallant old ship, consecrated by
many a prayer and blessing from the heart of a
"Why is the mainsail up, when I ordered it set?"
cried the captain, in a tremendous voice.
"Finding that she pitched her bows under, I took
it in, under your general order, sir, that the officer
of the-deck should carry sail according to his dis-
cretion," replied the lieutenant in command.
"Heave the log," was the prompt command to
the master's mate. The log was thrown.
"How fast does she go?"
"Five knots and a half, sir."
"Board the main tack,' ir."
"She will not bear it," said the officer of the deck.
"Board the main tack," thundered the captain.
"Keep her full and by, quartermaster."
"Ay, ay, sir !" The tack was boarded.
"Haul aft the main sheet," shouted the captain,
and it went like the spreading of a sea bird's wing,
giving the huge sail to the gale.
"Give her the lee helm when she goes into the
sea," cried the captain.
"Ay, ay, sir! she has it," growled out the old
sea dog at the binnacle.
"Right your helm; keep her full and by."
"Ay, ay, sir! full and by she is.," was the prompt
answer from the helm.
"How fat does she go?"
"Nine knots and a half, sir."
"How bears the light?"
"Nearly a beam, sir."
"Keep her away half point."
"How fast does she go?"
"Nine knots, sir."
"Steady, so!" returned the captain.
"Steady," answered the helmsman, and all was
.-Jha gsena .sef_ he gj-rav, eipn t.t ...owA...,l' ,
except the howling of the storm, for a space of time
that seemed to my imagination almost an age.
It wos a trying hour with us; unless we' could
carry sail s5 as to go at the rate of nine knots an
hour, we must of necessity dash upon Scilly; and
who ever touched those rocks and lived during a
storm? The sea ran very high, the rain fell i'
sheets, the sky was one black curtain, illuminated
only by the faint light which was to mark de-
liverance, or stand a monument of our own de-
structfon. The wind had got above whistling, it
came in puffs' that flattened the waves, and made
our old frigate settle to her bearings, while every
thing on board seemed to be cracking into pieces.
At this moment the carpenter reported that the left
bolt of the weather fore-shroud had drawn.
"Get on the luffs, and set them on all the wea-
ther shrouds. Keep 'her at small helm, quarter-
master, and ease her in the sea," were the orders
of the captain.
The' luffs were soon put upon the weather
shrouds, which of course relieved the chains and
channels, but many an anxious eye was turned to-
wards the remaining bolts, for upon them depend-
ed the masts, and upon the masts depended the
safety of the ship; for, with one foot of canvass
less, she could not live fifteen minutes. -
Onward plunged the overladened frigate, and at
every surgeshe seemed bent upon making the deep
the sailor's grave, and h2r live-oak sides his coffin
of glory. She had been fitted out at Boston when
the thermometer was below zero. Her shrouds of
course therefore slackened at every strain, and her
unwieldly masts (for she had those designed for the
frigate Cumberland, a much larger ship,)' seemed
ready to jump out of her. And now, while all was
apprehension, another bolt drew!-and then ano-
ther!-until at last our whole stay was placed upon
a single bolt less than a man's wrist in circumfer.
ence. Still the good iron clung to the solid wood,
and bore us alongside the breakers, though in a
most fearful proximity to them. This thrilling in-
cidentrhas never, I believe, been noticed in public,
but it is the literal fact-which I make not the
slightest attempt to embellish. As we galloped on
-for I can compare our vessel's leaping to nothing
else-the rocks seemed very near us. Dark as
was the night, the white foam scowled around their
black heads, while the spray fell over us, and the
thunder of the dashing surge sounded like the aw-
ful knell that the ocean was singing for the vic-
tims it was eager to engulf.
At length the light bore upon our quarter, and
the broad Atlantic rotaed its white caps before us.
During this time all were silent, each officer and
man was at his post, and the bearing and counte-
nance of the captain seemed to give encourage-
mnent to every person on board. With but a bare
possibility of saving the ship and those on board
he relied on his nautical skill and courage, and by
carrying the mainsail, which in any other situation
would have been considered suicidal, he weathered
the ice sh/o.wds&mAxmj t, f ^mll.i^
small iroI bolo weath-r cilly, onlthe night of I'hrblELAY ,NOT, for fortunes must now ut maue.
the I11th of May, 1835. D The following splendid prizes will be diftri-
buted in- a few days, (20th April inst.) Dame For-
NOTE.-During the gale, Mrs. Livingston inqu'- tune will be at hqme on that day, and, of course,
red of the captain if we were not in great danger, the large prizes will be distributed at
to which he replied, as soon as we had passed Scil- FORTUNE'S HOMfE,
ly, "you are as safe is you would be in the aisle of Sixth street, first door from Penifsylvania" avenue,
a church." It is singular that the frigate Bos.on, Gadsby's Hotel.
Captain McNeal, about the close of 'he Revolution, RICH AND SPLENDID LOTTERY-A mam-
escaped a similar danger while employed in carry- moth scheme, to be drawn at Alexandria on Sa-
ing out to France Chancellor Livingston, a relative turday, 20th April, 1839.
of Edward's, and also Minister to the Court of St. r, Capital prize, $80,000
Cloud. He likewise had his wife on board; and 1 prize of 25,000
while thevessel was weathering a lee shore, Mrs. 1 do. 20,000
Livingston asked the captain-a rough but gallant It ], do. 15,000
old fire-eater-if they were not in great danger, to 1 do. 10,000
which he replied: "You had better, madam, get 1 do. 9,000
down upon yoar knees and pray to God to forgive 1 do. 8,000
you your numerous sins; for if we don't carry by 1 do. 7,500
this point, we shall all be down in five minutes."0 1 do. 7,(16
S4 do. -3
00 5 o .o. '-,0 --
O ]^ 10 do. 0
A 20 do. 1,50,0
Likewise 50 prizes of- 1,060
&c. &c. &c.
Tickets only $20 00.
The above scheme is the best ever offereMto The
public. Persons at a distance will do welt tq order
their tickets early, for there is already a great de-
mand. All orders addressed to me will meet with
the most prompt attention, and the drawing sent
Certificates of packages of whole tickets, #260 00
'Do do halves do I 10 O
Do do quarters do 65 '00
Da do eighths -A 50
JOHN DUKE EMACK,..
April 3 Washington city, D, C.
From the Richmond Enquirer.
The Whig of yesterday morning has touched
upon the relations which have subsisted between
Mr. Rives and ourselves. Delicacy might have re-
strained the hands of other editors, (R, M. Whit-
ney excepted.) Justice might have guided the pen-
cil. But from the Richmond Whig, under the evil
star which now guides its unhappy course, what
better treatment could we expect to receive?
It is true, that we have been bound to Mr. Rives
by strong social and political.ties.
It is true, that we agreed on the Sub-Treasury
question, though we differed about the substitute.
It is true, that we have given some evidence of
the sincerity of our feelings towards Mr. R. nriot
only by attempting his defence against s6rne of his
enemies, and by restraining others, but by perform-
ing the best offices of friendship, in stating what we
believed to be the truth, and in making such sug-
gestions as seemed to us best calculated to direct
We left him in no mistake or doubt about our
own course. We went against the Sub-Treasury.
but we went no further. We went for Martin Van
Buren, as the exponent of our principles and of our
measures in other respects. .4t all events, we went
against Henry Clay, and we would not go with the
Whigs. Mr. Rives was as aware as any of our
friends, that the moment hlie went off from the Ad-
ministration, and with the Whigs, we would not go
after.him, We should be compelled to differ with
him, and go against his course. Sooner than desert
his friends, and accept his office at the hands of the
Whigs, we earnestly advised him to retire. Such
was the course that we marked down for ourselves.
We hesitated long before we would despair of
hlm. We long forbore to take decided part against
him. But when we found that the Whigs were
going, for him; 'that Mr. Clay was for him; that
then, the Richmond Whig was going for him; that it
was trying to bring the Whigs over; forgetting its own
reckless opposition; the bitter changes it had recent-
ly made against the expunger-when they were
thus changing, what were we to do? Affiliate with
the Whigs? Never. Co-operate with Mr. Clay?
Never. Put down the Republican Administration,
and put up the Whigs? No, no.
If, then, we have changed towards Mr. Rives--
what has the Whig done? It changed first. From
a reckless enemy, it was converted into a brawling
partisan-not, as it now insidiously says, because of
the respect it feels for Mr. R's independence; but
because, as it boldly and unblushingly avowed be-
fore the election, it might put him in, in order that
his friends might assist in putting down this Re-.
publican Administration. This is the whole secret
of its policy, its movements, its exertiofs for Mr.
Rives, and niot from any virtue it now assumes;
and the very semblance of which now so awkward-
ly sits upon him. And was it expected of up, to
join in such a low intrigue-such an unhallowed
association? The Whig may abuse us for our con-
duct to Mr. Rives. It is not the'first foolish charge
it has made against us, by several thousands. But
if we are satisfied with the course we have taken,
what care we for the calumnies of a press that
spares no one?
From the .Ilbany Irgus.
THE CORRUPT MEANS OF FEDERALISM.
FACTS OF THiE PEOPLE!
We stated a few days since, that enormous and
palpable as were increased expenditures of the city
of New York for municipal purposes, under the
corrupt rule of Federalism, the sameless manner in
which they had controlled and- carried the elections
by selecting their active electioneers as peace of-
ficers, and paying them from the public treasury,
f'"- bri'-ng -"pp he F
motratic ehoctors, exceeded even 'the usual turpi.
.tude of their conduct, and was entitled to a sepa-
The facts are as follows. Both at the charter
election a year ago, and at the last fall election,
notwithstanding the hundred thousands of dollars
raised through the Federal subscriptions, and not-
withstanding the vast increase of the army of
watchmen, lamplighters and employees of every
sort, the Federalists still felt insecure in th'e posses-
sion of their ill-gotten power. Without the least
scruple it was resolved to place the public money
and the power of the police in the hands of their
tnost active and violent partisans at the poll.
This shameful outrage was perpetrated under
the pretence of quelling expected riots; and the
peaceable electors who were not precisely of the
party for which these convenient "peace officers"
were performing service, in more than one instance
found themselves rudely thrust from the polls by
the "official" bullies of a party that did not hesi-
tate thus to depredate upon the treasury, and
to trample upon the rights and interests, of free-
The late report of the Chamberlain discloses
many an astounding fact, but none more so than
the amount of the people's money expended by the
Federal Common Council upon their bullies at the
polls. The items, as stated in that report, as paid
for "peace officers attending the polls," and "peace
* officers to prevent nots during the election," amount-
ed last year to $5,737 50. Of this sum, $1,140 was
expended at the charter election, and $4,389 50 at
the fall election, the expenditure increasing with
the importance of the contest; and the belief that
even more than the corrupt and flagrant prac-
tOces of the spring were required to save them from
It will be seen that at the fall election nearly
1,100 persons, (allowing $1 50 per head for the
three days,) upwards of 60 in each ward, were
paid from the city treasury,.under the pretence of
keeping the peace, and preventing riots, hut really
with a view to surround the polls with a police force
of Federal bullies, with -official staves in their
hands, to bring up the Federal votes, and to keep
out, as far as possible, the votes of the Democratic
Mr. Clay is attempting to prove that he is not
an Abolitionist, and that he has never entertained
views on the subject of slavery hostile to the inte-
r'sts of the South: We are not surprised at this.
Mr. Clay will deny any thing for the sake of popu-
larity. For the last sixteen years, or since the time
that he bargained for the office with Mr. Adams,
his course has been so grossly inconsistent as' to
destroy all confidence in his political honesty. He
has done much to produce excitement on the slave
question, and now thatthe finds his interference in
thentaUer likely to injure his political aspirations,
he turns about Jim Crow like. and dhannnr.na th,
RICH AND SPLENDID LOTTERY.
80,000 Dollars !-$25,000-$20,000--15,000.
Class No. 2, for 1039.
To be drawn at Alexandria D. C. positivehE o6
Saturday, 20th April, 1839k' T.
MAGNIFICENT PRIZES, 4
1 Prize of $80,000 2 Primzes of (,000
I do 25,000 3 do 4,600
1 do 20,600 4 do 3,000
1 do 15,000 5 do ,aft0
1 do 10,000 10 do 2,00
1 do 9,000 20 do 1,0
I do 8,000 50 do 1,000
1 do 7,500 50 do ,750
1 do 7,016 133 do 500
Besides Prizes of $250-$200-$1.50-$100-
$80-$6 )-$50-$40, and lowest Prize $20. "
13 drawn numbersout of 78.
Tickets only $20-Halves $10---Quarters $Sr.
Eighths $2 50..,
Certificates of packages of 26 Whole Tickets 20
Do do 26 Half do 130
Do do 26 Qaarter do 65
Do do 26 Elghth do 32,50
Djr Orders for Tickets and Shares or .eatifi-
cates of Packages in the 'above splendid scheme,
will receive the most prompt attention; and those
who order from us, may rely upon .having the draw-
ing sent them immediately after it is over. Send
orders early, and address
D. S. GREGORY & Co. Managers,
March 4-d' -n Washington City, D. C.
R ICHARD FRANCE'S OLD ESTABLISH-
ED PRIZE OFFICE, WASHINGTON.
Distant customers are requested to forward
their orders as early as possible for tickets in the
following scheme, as the demand will'be great,
and, no doubt, all the tickets sold at an -early day.
All orders addressed to R. FRANCE, Washingto
City, will meet with prompt attention, and the
drawings forwarded as soon as over.
CLASS No. 2, FOR 1839.
To be positively drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Sa-
turday, the 20th April, 1839, at 3 o'clock, p. m.
D. S. GREGORY & CO. Managers.
1 prize of $80,000 2 prizes of #&00
1 25,000 3 "N SO00
1' 20,000 4 3.000
1 15,000 5. I,500
1 10,000 10 2,000
1 9,000 20 1,500
S1 8,000 50 )00
-I 7,500' 50 750
1 7,016 133 "t 500
Whole tickets $20-Ha yes $10-Qoarters .-
Eighths $2 -0.
Certificates of packages ol 26 whole tickets, $260 00
Do do 26 half, do 130 00
Do' do 26 quarter do 65 00
Do do 26 eighth 6.4 32 50
Persons holding prize tickets can; at all times,
get them cashed by forwarding them to my oflce
or have them renewed in some othe good scheme
March 7-ep 2aw4w
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the Monongalia Academy.
Class No. 2 for 1889.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday,
13th April, 1839.
75 No. Lottery-15 Drawn Ballots.
H1^ 10 prizes of $500!
15 of $250-182 of $200, &c.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5.-Quarters $2 .
Certificates of packages of 25 Whole Tickets $10 '
Do do 25 Half. do 60
Do do 25 Quarter do 30
VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the town of Wheeling.
Class No. 3 for 1839.
To be drawn at Alexandria (Va.) on Saturdiy,
27th April, 1839.
78 number lottery-13 drawn ballots.
GELAND SCHEME .."
Capital $40,000-$15,006-10,000--. $6t006-
30 prizes of $1,000-60 of $500-60 of ,#Is -
129 of $200, etc..
Tickets only $10-Halves $5- QtarMrs 60.
Certificates of packages of 26 Whole Tickets 9130
do do 26Half do -65
do do 26Quarter do ,351
JXt'Orders for tickets and shares or certifiats, of
packages in the above magnificent scheaes, will
receive the most prompt attention, ind an. oial
account of each drawing sent immediately after it
is over to all who order from us. Address,
D. S. GREGORY & Co. KAP,
March 28-d&cp Waishingtowoity. C.
T 0 CLA., AINTrS.-PFAl.U Gi8 A. DIONAI 8
continues to undertake the ageoy of c! ms-
before Congress, and other branch, ,of, the ,(o-
vernment, including commissioQners under treaties, '
and the various public offices: H *ill att djto
pre-emption and other tafid claimsW ihi po Ig
of patents tor public lands, and.,l fosi oa
by Congress of grants and claims n laid-. dlim,
* ~lS ~
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