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F.P. Blair ( City of Washington D.C )
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l21y paper, by we year .lt0 0
for esi, than a year, 1 rer imnoth.
Bemil-week.y paper by ithe year a 0}
"lor lerv than a year, 50 ,en, pirnimonih
flunbstription, ,,,. mi Jally f.,r ia ithan itw. or to ie Remi
weekly for lesstra.n iour months. in i .rit- I re'elve.j.
Bluscrlbere may diBc'ntinue tihiri T.ipcrat ntnytimTe by pay.
In for ihe oime they have reeelted ii,'im; &ut not r ithist.
titn who iP bwartbe I-,r a ), an,,j ,-1 riiL, ti i ,e' tine ol
ulbscribina or'r a diuc.'rliin'ia.'r,' i ,- erind f it, will Ip
eCnia.ldred ilbarriter Uinul in.:y uorder 'tirp p..'r -n t-eu.tI | ei
and pay arreawag'
paio Foi AIvDBTIIeieI.
Twelve linea. (r les,, three Inia'']te, 1 ut
Every nitdtimal imiierinloo0 . 20
Longer a'venrttm-ntii carl.t In pr-rl.oru'.n.
A Llberel dlamuruitr made in iLCO wit-' itnial'r btiy itie year.
AlUpaysmemii to e made in u-ran.:i. rh-a wh,, hhie riril
an npponrturiliy Ot paying OLihrwie, iiti rprmiit bymrini. at,,r
rtsink. potrage paid. The P,. t.i'saei'eC.i'ii' ir .ii 'tisn re.
j lnljance shall eB eul ,l.eri ecreipt the rei.r. Tr ue roiteof iy
*pecle.payi>n bank will b. t e'tei,-
No atlenuirn itttl pren C ton i ordetr,unieiv the mim,
o a Patmasti' erscearticiIa ut haii iih e htn t.,?'it(, at.
essia nies ,1t.
-Latter i ti ihe Proprftore, charged itolh psmftg, IrO'F
M 1 taken mul of the Poit Offi(e

'December 13, 1837.
"T is respectfully m ,de known that merchandise
or other commodities received at tio s Depot,
or delivery in thir city, or to be forwarded to Bal-
t more, or to pointiq on ire line of the road, wilt
hereafter be subject to the il.'liiw r 'nilari'n, of
which those interested will l ea-P take noeii:cr
1st. The freight and charges on all goods con-
signed to individuals in this city tr is vicinity must
be pail before iheir remn.,val from ihe Depot.
2d. Commnodiie (.fl'-rd fur irAn-pnrlaiiton musI
beditiatcily marked, an. be accomt.patied by a,
list, in duplicate of ihe number and description el
packlaees t,, be for'n .'l.!d, the name of lip c it.-
Mignee, and of ite p r.y forwarding the sam-,
otherwise they cannot be received.
The Compwiiyv til not b" responsible for damage
ar-mag from leat;ase, r hteak-e ", inor will they be
responoiice fur dainag' alleged to have been re-
c'lved by any good. i- ort crmmodit;e< transported by
them unle., ihe ci i11 hali be made before the
removal 01ot thie g.' ft.ial the D, pt. Furher,
if gocil which ahli t..Ive been transported oni this
road benot :ceiv',1 or taken away by their con-
signee or owners on the day of their arrival at the
Depot, the Company will not be responsible for
or pay any claims for loss or damage which may
be sustained by such goods, in other words, if
goods, as above described, be permitted to remain
in or on the cart on tha railway, or at the Depot,
one or note night- after their arrival, they will re-
main so at the exclusive ritk of the owners or con-
The hour for rec(.ivlng an.) delivering goods will,
until further notice, be from 9 a. m. until 4 p. m.
Oct 13-tf Agent.

p'scneer car will be despatched daily (except Sun-
day) with the tonnage train, which leaves Wash-
ington at I Ii o'clock, a. m. By.thii conveyance
pasbnngers are afforded on opp.'rtunity of reaching
Baltimore in time to conrec, witht the evening train
of cars for Ph'In-,l ilhi6, or with ,he Western mail
train at the Relay tlouise, And thus enabiim2 them
to reach Philadelphia by 11, and Fiederick by 81
o'clock the sanie nl-.hl
Oct 13 Agent.

Oil 'W e ne.i a r, ri x x', ih- li..n I nii'rr, the
E'eningTiain of Pa-sengp.:r Cars ii,.r Ialtimore
will be despalched rnt 4 o'clock, inecatl nl 5i
o'clock, the present irurr r'f departure; .fI which
travellers will please take nouee.
Dec. 14-Lf Agent.

WNOI0E.-Th, iptambh.'at
J. JOHNSON, until Iuirther
notice, will run a. follows,
At 10i and 12 a. m. At 91 and Ili a. m.
And at 3 p. m. And at 2 p. m.
Dec 12 IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.

The evening train from Baltimore for
Philadelphia having been discontinued, the noon
train from this city for Baltimore is withdrawn
until lurth'r notice.
By order: SAM'L STET rINIUS,
Dec 19--1' Agent-

J RAILROAD beitig now open throughout its
whole exent, tle Presiderit and Directors have
That on Saturday, the 26 It instant, and daily
Ihereafiter, at ih 'cklc.k, a m. a train of cars will
leave the cinmpar.n' depoi, i.t Annapolis, and reach
the junction ot it, ra'oraIl with thp Baltimore and
Washingtn railroad in time to connect wi h the
train which leaves, Wa:hin;ttii for Baltimore at
the same hour.
The returnrmng train will leave the company's
rdepot, at the junction oi the iio roads, immediate,
ly alter the arrival at that place of the train which
leave- Baltimore for Wh-rhii on at 9 a m.
A 3 u'c'ock p. m ano her train will leave the
dep t at Annapolis, an,] teach the depot at the
junction in time to conni:ct with the evening trains
from Baltimore anti Wahington, and will return
to Annapolis mhetlatlely alter exchanging passen-
gelr- wit iho.e Irain'.
The company's locom.tives are in charge of
skilful and experienced eri'inr'r. Its cars are
comino,lious aid well bulI. E eiy possible alten-
tion will be i s to the c,.mfori of passetengers. All
possible care will Ibe al.rn by the company to
ensure the &a e iansportati .n and delivery of bag.
Tne rates for transportation of passengers are as
fol o ars:
For the whole distance between the cities of An-
napolis and Bdiltimore, $2 00.
For the whole distance between the cities of An-
aapolis and Washiitttin, $2 50.
Fot any shorter distance, at the rate of six and a
quarter cents per mile.
Tickets may be obtained at the offices of the Bal-
timore and Ohio Railroad Co -pany, in Baltimore
and Washinmton, which will enable the holders to
travel free ul all other charge throughout the line
to Annapoli -. And in like manner at the office of
this company, in Annapolip, travellers may obtain
tickets which will enable them to travel free of all
other charge to Baltimore tr Wa ihr.enn
Annapoli., DMe 2-d i Preiderint..

from the city of Washii-gion, about half a
mile distant trom Rock Crepl; Church, f.rrmirlv the
property olri Major T. P.', cortainar- 115
acres of land, in a It, h state of cultivation, under
good fencing, plrnly of wool rand water, with good
and comfortable diwelitnt lih-ie,tobacco house, and
every othpr necr'.ary bntilinrw required for a plan,
tanion of iLt siwe; aiout 8i.'.t apple and peach trees
of well sct lecied fruit, r.baine.l rom the best or-
chards in Nsw Jersey, the greater part of which are
now and will he in full bearing in a few years
As this property is well known in the civy of Wash.
laglon and Maryland, it is deemed unnecessary to
give a further description.
The land, with the crop of tobacco, corn, horses,
cattle, hogs, and plantation utentsil, will be sold on
along credit, wih unquestinabhle 'eeurili.
Terms made known on application I.- the sub-
scriber resivhng on the premises.
Dec.i 7-lawtf

RLICA. A memoir, hi-.tarical an.] political, o
that and the adjacent terrnioites, 1 vol. utriavo, by
Robert Greenhow. Tran, lator and Librarian to the
Departmentof State, illuairatid by a map and a
geographical view of those countries. Just pub.
limhed, and this day received for sale by
January 7. F. TAYLOR.




P ROPOALS for publishing, in the town of rarity of our success, which will inspire new vigor
SAbingdon, Virginia, a newspaper, entitled the into the hearts of those who are battling for princi
LlrrTLE 1ENNESSEEAN. ples, in contr;distinctiin to those who have none
In establishing a new Democratic ptes; in West- except log cabins, coon skinrts, and hard cider, which
ern Viermia, it becomes us to state briefly the me are entirely unworthy of tfe descendants of thr
ive.s which induce this step, They refer them- fathers of the American Revoluion. All subseri-
selves chiefly to the two considerations of place bmrs must pay us in advance, because
and time. This portion of the Old Dominion has we cannot, and will not, incur the respons'-
been hitherto an impregnable fortress of Democra- bility of booking so many small accounts
cy. Tiet.sriegn,il, hab r-, the feelingsof its people, 'hicli necessarily occur in newspaper esta.
are e.sientiaiyi r'-pir.t. an. They preserve in a great blishments. We have incurred considerable ex-
degree the simplicity, the energy, and the equality of pense in procuring an entirely new establishment,
their hardy and enterprising progenitors. They and placed ourselves on the outer walls of the Con-
are not influenced by the traditionsof aristocracy, stitution,nas faithful sentinels, ready to sound the
they are n, t enervated by tie corruptions of lux- tocsin of alarm to Old Virginia, whose principle
nry, nor separated into widely distinct classes, by a are identified with the character of her illustrious
disproportionate dtitribution of wealth. Hence, as Jefferson.
we have already. ..;d, the manly yeomanry of E. B. ROBINSON,
W',slern Virginim aie essentially Democratic, and _______ JNO. U. MOULDER.
will remain so at heart, at least, until their eircum- HE ALBANYARGUS.-(DAILY, SEM-
stances and habits shall have un.-i.-ne a tior. nli J| WEEKLY, AND WEEKLY.)-The pro-
change. The enemies of popular rights are aware prierrs of the Argus beg leave to Rssure heir
of thi-s; and hence their hostile approaches are friends and the reading arid advertising public
insidiomti and deceptive. It is under the guise and generally, that they have made arrangements for
name of Democrats, that they seek to seduce the the enlargement of their several papers, and for
people ot Western Virginia from their alliance 'heir continuance in their past spirit and vigor.
to their ancient taith and principles. For the pur- They are impelled to this, as a matter of gratitude
pose of effecting their itshni.e-st end., ilihy a-,ume for the liberal support and large circulation ex:
the mask and affect the language of Democracy, as tended to this establishment for a long period of
epiesnt.roduce themselves into the opposite camp years, and with a view to add to the utility and
to discover tis weakness and plan its de-truction, charac'erof their publications.
This design has now become the settled policy f. Ti.- value of the Argus-as a political journal
the enemies. of Democracy every where. Iisprinci- and a general newspaper-they submit to the
ples are so just, and have found such favor with judgment of a discriminating public. It will beais
the pe,.ple, that its foes have renounced in despair aim to secure a still further manifestation of ih-
the p!an of open opposi;in. It is as Republicans confidence ofits friends. It will 'ipiteno p-in.
that they seek to crush forcvrr the Republican to give variey and muerest to the pasicr. It will
party. Itis as pre'ended Democrats that they seek iake the usual arrangement for full and accurate
to destroy every thing which is valuable in Demo- reports ot thie legislative proceedings, and for the
cracy. They fight under a false flag, and pour prompt dissemination of intelligence. It will em.
their fire from a masked battery. But, fellow- brace o! course ihe intelligence of the day, politics,
citizens, in order to detect them, you have only to tati tcs, miscellanv,a eompendof the proceedings
apply th- te t of principles and practice. This is a of Congress, and full legislative r ports. Every
comparison which the plainest and most simple- effort will be made to render it valuable to allclass-
minded man among you can mnike with success, es of readers-to the professions-to ths Merchant,
There can be in this country but two great poll- the Farmerand the Mechanie.
tical patties-the popular or Democratic, and the DAILY ARGUS-$8 per annum-containing
aristocratic or Federal. Democracy is founded the latet intelligence, full reports of the legislative
upon the equality of human rights; Federalism upon proceedings, official documents, miscellany, &c.
individual power and privilege. The Republican Valuable as a medium of advertising.
or Democratic pariy is in favor of a strict construe- SEMI-WEEKLY ARGUS-$4 per annum-
tion of the Constitution; of the rights reserved to, or containing all the reading matter of the daily paper.
rather by, the States; of mild and equal laws which Also valuable, from its extensive circulation, as a
create .0 r.',-,n,. no ditinction of men or creed; medium of advertising. Persons procuring and
of a policy which regards the integrity and becoming responsible for five subscribers, shall be
welfare of the whole people, rather than the sudden entitled to an additional copy without charge.
enrichment of particular classes by means of priv- WEEKLY ARGUS-Thispaper containingall
ileges as corrupting as they are unjust. reading master of the Daily and Semi-W-ekly
The Apostle of American Demodracyhas painted Argus and excluding advertisements, is, in its
its features so vividly, yet justly, that we cannot re- present shape, one of the cheapest in the Union.
rain from presenting them in his own beautiful It is the intention of the proprietors, early in Janu-
language: ary, to change the form of the paper, from a folio
"Equal and exact justice to all men of whatever to a quarto of the largest size, and to unite it with
state or persuasion, religious or political: peace, the Rough-Hewer, under the title of the Weekly
commerce, and honest friendship with all nations, Argus and Rough-Hewer. By this improvement,
entangling alliances with none: the support they will be enabled to add to the quantity
of the State Governments in all their rights, as the of .matter, and to give to the paper a more
most comp lent administrations for our domestic portable s ze for immediate use and for preserva-
concerns, and the surest bulwarks against anti-re- tiot. They intend also, as soon as the type can
publican tendencies: the preservation of the Gene- be prepared, to bring out this paper, as well as
ral Government, in its whole constitutional vigor the Daily and Semi-Weekly, in an entire new dress,
as the sheet anchor of our peace at home and safe- 'tie payment for this paper is invariably in ad
ty abroad; a jea'oun caFteot the right ot election by vance. Six copies will be sent one year for $10.
the people-a mid and safe corrective of abuses 4:=By the-e alteratiLmns, the proprietors hope to
which are lopped by the sword of revolution, where renter the Argus, in either form, more acceptable
peaceable remedies are unprovided: absolute acqui- to its readers and friends, and worthier of the par-
escence in the decisions of the majority-the vital tality and support it has been its pride and effort
principjeof Republic%, from whichthere isno appeal to deserve. As they will involve a large additional
but to force-the vital principle and immediate parent expense, not only immediately, but annually, they
of despotism; a well-disciplined militia, our be-l re- rely upon an increased subscription, and the con.
liance in peace, and for the first moments of war tinued and active exertions of their friends.
till regulars may relieve :hem: the supremacy of CROSWELL, VAN DYCK & Co.
the civil over the military aithoriity i ,, ALANY, December 14, 1840.
ihe public expense that labr.r iniv he i:rhlv tur Dec 29-dlm
thened: the honest payment of our debts, and acted
preservation of the public faith; encouragement f *lHE GENUINE VEGETABLE PILLS.-
of agriculture and commerce as its handmaid: J1 An effectual cure for Gonorrho-r', Giceets,
the diffusion of information, and atm.u-timent of Strictures, &e. Of all the remedies yet discovered
all abuses at the bar of public reason: freedom of tor the cure of these complaints, the Vegetable
religion, freedom of the press: and freedom of Pills have been the most effectual, as they have
person, under the protection o1 the habeas corpus, never been known to fail to effect a permanent
and trial by juries impartially selected. These cure. They are mild and pleasant to take, yet
principles form the bright constellation which has powerful in their action, and may le taksn wibh-
gone before ns, and guided our steps through an out the knowledge, of the most intimate friend.
age of revolution and reformation. The wisdom Phe.e Pills are put up in square boxes, with full
of our sages and blood of our heroes have been de- directions accompanying each box. For sale at
voted to their attainment. They should be the JOS. FRANCE'S Cigar and Fancy Stoie, Penn.
creed of our political faith; the text of civic instruc- avenue, between 3 and 4i streets.
tion; the touchstone by which to try the services of W. KIRKWOOD'S, corner 12th street and the
those we trust; and should we wander from them avenue.
in moments of error and alarm, let us hasten CHARLES STOTT, corner of 7th street and
to retrace our steps, and regain the road which the avenue.
alone leads to peace, liberty and safety." In Georgetown, by 0. M. LINTHICUM.
These, fellow-citizens, are our principles, Oct 29- I1_V_
and we are sure that they are also yours RANDJEAN'SCOMPOSIl'ION FOR THE
Let us briefly apply them as a "touchstone" '1 HAIR.-Not unfrequently have we had
to the doctrines of the party to which we are reason to commend to public notice the talents
opposed, and which seeks to persuade you that,it and skill of M. Auguste. Granjean, of No. 1 Bar-
maintains the ancient Republican faith. The large ay street. His treatise on the hair is a produce.
majority of that party is in favor of a Bank of the tion ,both learned and eloquent; it shows that he
United States, which was the first and grossest vio has studied deeply, and that he has full ability
ladtion ot the Constitution; which is a great anti- satisf.c'orily to make known the result of his in-
republican monopoly; which traded upon the reve- investigation It is an old adage, "the proof of the
nue and centralized the capital of the country; which pudding is in the eating." On this principle, th,
by its dangerous power over the currency, produced best mode of testing the truth of M. Grandjean's
plenty or want, at pleasure; which corrupted the theories, is to make trial of the preparation which
leaders of the press, and retained as its feed advo- he so ably recommends. Experiment, it can be
cates some of the first statesmen in the country, averred, has already, in many instances, proved
The Federal or Opposition patty is in favor of a the virtues of the compositions tos which we refer,
gigantic scheme ol internal improvements by the and we feel confident that all future experiment
General Government, without warrant of the Con- will but serve to establish their great reputation.
stitutton; a scheme which would lavish the re- The preparation known as "Grandjean's Corn-
sources of the country upon every wild and abor- position" has been so long a favorite, that it is al-
tive project; 'which would introduce the most most useless to praise it; but the "Eau Lustrale"
corrupt bargaining in Congress; and which is a recent invention, and demands that faithful
would create the nec-ssity for a heavy taxa- notice to which its merits aspire. It cleanses and
lion, or a vast and accumulating national at the same li-ne beautifies the hair, giving it a rich
debt. The Federal party, whatever name it may curl and an exquisite gloss. One of its chief pro-
assume, is generally in lavor of a protective tariff, pertie (and this will recommend it especially to finds no sanction in the Coristitutior; w.ieh the ladies) is, that it kteps the hair safely in what-
i- an indiret taxation ot the most oppressive kind; e1. r style it may be dresed, t'isling bo-h motion
which -xalts uie porion of the couniry by the de. and moisture. Thus much have we thought proper
pression of the other; which is fatal to the t say; but if we go on writing for a month, we
prosperity of the planting Stats; which de- could not present such convincing arguments in
stroys all harmony among the diff rent sections favor of the compositions a' the use of them would
ot the Union, and which has once brought us to wiuld sp, edily furnish.--.. Y. Evening Signal.
the brink of civil var. The Federal party is in The above Composition is constan ly kept for
favor ot giving up ihe national income to institu- sale at 8'ationers' Hall, by W. FISCHER,
tions not known to the Constituti n, nor created or
controlled by Coneress, that it may be employe't K) E CAREFUL OF YOUR COLDS.-Many
to stimulate specutation at the expense of pri- 5173 people -are very apt to consider a cold but a
vate morals, solid prosperity, and the pub trifling matter, and to think that "it will go away
lie security and welfare. Thb' modern Fe- of itself in a day or two," and they give themselves
deal party is in favor of an assumption no trouble about it. But to such-we would say, "be
of the debts of the States, direeu,or indirect through careful of your colds"-do not tamper with your
a division of the proceeds of the public lands; a constitutions. If you desire to live to "a good old
project, unjust, partial, and corrupting; and which age," be careful to take such remedies as will
would impose upon every poor man in the country, effect an easy and a speedy cure. Da.
the burdensome consequences of all the follies of SWAYNE'S COMPOUND SYRUP OF PRUNUS
a period of wild speculation. VIRGINIANA, or WILD CHERRY, has cured
But it is impossible to enumerate in so brief a more colds than any other medicine offered for
space, the characteristics which identify the present sale in this country. The certificates of cures
Opposition with the early enemies' of Republican- effected by this invaluable medicine, which the
ism. This party is strengthened, at this time, by proprietor is daily receiving, are of the most grati-
various factious elements which are united olily by fying character, and tend to show its sanative pro-
thcbondof aeommon hatred. Among these themost perties, and the high rank it holds in pulblic estima-
dangerous are Abolitionism, which would over- tion.--fedical Dejintr.
leap the Constitution to foment insurrection and se- For sale at the book store of R. FARNHAM,
ver the Union; and Antimasoary, whichwould sub- between 9th and 10thstreets, sole agent for the city
statute for the freedom of mind, an inquisitorial ty- of Washington.
ranny. --
To all these principles and all these objects, fel- mI[ REASURY OF KNOWLEDGE.-Price re-

fow-ciiiit r-, Democracy is hostile. It represents "J duced to $3 75 by F. TAYLOR, in two
and appeals to the plain sense and honest feelings volumes, of over one thousand pages each; contain-
of the mass of the community. It has faith ing a complete Classical Dictionary; Law Diction-
in the people, confidence in self-government, ary; Universal Gazetteer; Dictionary of Quotations
and conviction that public prosperity can only be from the Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, &c. &c.
promoted by the same causes and means which of phrases and sentences in common use with their
produce private happiness, viz: integrity and in. translations; an English Grammasi English Dic-
dustry. This is our profession of faith, and this tionary; a complete Chrinol. y an-.l History; Max-
will always be the creed of the LITTtLE Tsimrs- ims and Proverbs from all languages, with transla-
sEAN." .tion.*; a CyclrI m a of Science; Biographical
In embarking in the present arduous enterprise, Dicuo-rnar; atI utirli other useful and valuable
we are well aware of tha importance of our posi- matter, too extensive for the limits of an advgr-
tion, and the 'repn ibtliiv we shall incur; but, in- tisement. Handsomely printed and boundin full
piled1 with those principles which our fathers have leather. Price for ilie et $3 75, (published at six
bequeathed us as a legacy worthy of perpetuation, dollars.)
we shall boldly and fearlessly discuss those prinei- Jan. ,14
pies without hesitation or reservation; and we mu't ----
here impress upon our Iriends the absolute neces-, I- UCK'S THEOLOGITAL DICTIONARY,
siay of their marching up boldly and ltainin us, S cheap, I volume of 624 closely printed pa-
not yith the mere form of subscribing, hut with th ge., in full leather binding; price 62 cents.
ncsarand the niefuljul. Thi; is the surest gia- Nov28 F. TAYLOR,
i I i

LEOGE-Bming, in its coneise and compreitensive
character, in its general utility, beauty, and cheap-
ness, the most
Ever issued from the press; comprising, in the
space of sixty-four printed pages, the substance of
what in ordinary book making might be extended
to two 'housand pages.
With portraits of all the Presidents, drawings of
sgricultiral and other machines, and engraved
maps, in miniature, of the twenty-six States of the
U ion, showing the form, boundaries, and general
outline of the States, counties, courses of the prin-
cipal rivers, t .was, lakes, mountains, &c. of all
the different States.
In the American Pocket Library is condensed
the gleanings from several hundred volumes of
the most distinguished writers in this country and
in Europe, with original amendments and additions,
written expressly for this work.
It is offered to the American public as a compre-
hensive plain,
In matter of Agriculture, Law, Medicine, Na-
tional Education, Temperance, General Politics,
Silk and Sugar Beet Culture, with a miscellaneous
synopsis of National History, Geography, Popu
lar Chemistry, Domestic Economy, and House-
wifery, Dentistry, &c. &c.
Impressed with a sense of the paramount impor-
tance, in an individual and national point of view,
of Agricultural pursuits, il will be a great object to
condense into this department ot the Library, such
in 'orinatien as will aid the tiller of the soil in se-
curing from his land the greatest amount of its an-
nual productions, without impairing its quality.
The best agriculturists, both at home and abroad,
have been consulted, and practical advice, recipes.
useful directions, hints and general information de-
rived upon the nature, treatment, and improvement
of various soils; the choice, management, &c. of
live stock; treatment of fruit and other trees, grain,
manures, &e.
The general principles of Law, derived from the
practice of the courts of the different States, the de-
cisions of the most eminent judges, the whole care-
fully revised and made a safe guide, by a r.ember
of the Philadelphia bar. Designed for the general
information and use of the citizens of the United
In this department will be condensed the best
medical experience, in the preparing of which none
but the highest authority has been consulted. Plain
familiar directions will be given for most cases of
sudden emergency, as drowning, poisoning, wounds,
fits, and the various casualties to which the human
frame is daily liable. To every family the advice
here given may be at times of important (
while in cases where a physician may not be at
hand, it may be the positive means of alleviating
distress and prolonging life. A large portion of this
department will be derived from the combined la-
bors of an Association of Physicians, while the en-
tire work will be submitted to the examination of
several of the most experienced Professors in Jef-
ferson College, and in the University of Pennsylva-
nia. The object principally to be considered being
that while the cure of disease is doubtless a matter
of great importance, the PRESERVATION of
health is still greater.
Among the subjects embraced under this head
wi I be the duties of parents, the government and
discipline of schools, the best methods of imparting
instruction, the evils arising from ignorance in a
Republic, and the advantages of knowledge, with
other pertinent mater. de.;iailed to impress upon
the nation the imr.rta,,ice of it.' truth that "the
knowledge which invigorates virtue, and renders it
more surely useful, is the greatest ubjet which be-
nevolence can have in view," or that patriotism
can accomplish.
Furnishing a brief view of the present condition,
progress, and pros:,ects of the ,reat temperance
reformation in the United S ates, with the recim-
mendatry appeal to the Young men ol the Unit, d
States, signed by Ex-President Madison, Ex-Presi-
(lent J. L. Adams, and Ex-President Jackson, to-
gether with other matters of interest connected
with this subject.
In this division will be presented the Constitu-
tion of the United States, with the amendments;
also the population of the several States, chief
towns, with other statistical and miscellaneous in-
formation, corrected from the census of the United
States for 1840, condensed and revised from official
documentsat Washington.
The full and plain directions for the entire pro-
cess of silk growing, embraced in the Manual on
Silk, of which the Senate and House of Repre-
sentatives of Pennsylvania each ordered a large
edition, will be given in this work entire.
It will receive such additions as the more
recent experience in this country may render neces-
sary, and will be revised expressly for this work by
he author.
Ample instructions will be furnished for cultivat-
ing the sugar beet, and the process of manufacture
fully explained.
Under this head will be given a mass of valua'
ble and useful information, in a plain, concise form
upon each of the following subjects, viz: Dentistry,
with the best mode of cleansing and preserving the
teeth in a sound and healthy condition. Popular
Chemistry,, for practical purposes. The Cultiva-
tion of Flowers. A brief compendium of Natu-
ral History, Geography, &c. Housewifery, em-
bracing a large number of plain, useful recipes for
cooking, preserving, cleaning, and other matters re-
laiing to household economy and domestic comfrt.
Tue Pocket Library will be printed with clear,
distinct, and beautiful pearl and nonpareil type,
cast expressly for the occasion. Tee paper used
will be made for this work, and will be of the finest
and strongest texture.
The whole is the result of more than six years'
refltction and persevering re -earch. It has been
condensed with great care from authentic sources.
Every department of the work will be submitted to
the severest scrutiny, in order to ensure the greatest
possible accuracy, and warrant the most entire
public confidence.
The work will not be ready for the press much
before the ensuing spring. The announcement is
made thus early in order that those who may pos-
sess information of a really useful and valuable
character, which, from philanthropic, patriotic, or
other motives, they would like to see circulated
throughout the country in an extensive and perma-
nent manner, may communicate with the publish-
er. The extraordinary chaacter of the work, its
cheapness, sterling merit, and universal utility, to-
gether with the extensive arrangements making for
agencies throughout the United States, warrant the
determination of printing an edition of not less
than one hundred thousand copies. All communi-
cations in relation to the work must be post paid,
and addressed to THOMAS C. CLARKE,
ir^i Price only 50 cents!
The above valuable and popular work will be
delivered to subscribers in Washington, George-
town, and Alexandria, by the undersigned, at FIFtr'
CENTS PER COPY, without any extra charge.
Postmasters and others in'the country, who will

forward to the undersigned five dollars, will be en-
titled to twelve copies of the work, and in the
same proportion for larger amounts; and they will
be carefully packed in good strong paper and for-
warded by mail, the postage being only sixteen to
twenty-four cents each, according to the distance.
The undersigned is Agent for the District of Co-
lumbia. Those iwho hold his sub-cniplion papers
will pleas* return them to him by the middle of
January next. EDMUND F. BROWN, Agent,
At the Globe Ofice..
WASINGoTON CITY, Nov. 26-law3t

received by F. TAYLOR,
Dec 14 Immediately M tof QRdsby's.

subcriber has on hand,'fir sale, as usual, a T PHIA SATURDAY CHRONICLE--i
large stock of Old Mrdeira and Sherry Wines, fur- accordance,with the econ imical spirit of the age.
n shing a se'ection as choice as can be found within ai well as from a desire to extend their sphere I f
the United States. tiuefulness, by placing it within the means of every
They are of various brands, most of them of one to procure an UNEXCEPTIONABLE FAMI-
great maturity and fine flavor, and carefully packed LY NEWSPAPER, have resolved to furnish the
in convenient boxes of one and two doz'n each. Chronicle hereafter at the following unprecedent-
Also, Champagne, of various approved brands; ed;y low rates, viz:
Red Hermitage, very old; Otard and Seignette For 10 copies for 1 year, sent to one address, $10
Brandy, in convenient cases; 33 hampers Wine 4 9" t 5
and Porter Bottles; 10 casks choice Edinburgh Ale; For 2 3
2,000 bls. Turks Island Salt, bright, and of supe- 1 "t 2
rior quality. WALTER SMITH, T,:e public will remember that the S a urda.Vy
Dec. 7-ilweolm Georgetown. Chronicle is the largest family newspaper pxbtithed
-_______ _____in Philadelphia, and that it contains weekly thIilty-
&W INES, AT REDUCED PRICES.-The two columns of closely printed matter, embracing
TV subscriber has just received, of hiS own every variety of choice LITERARY; SCIEN-
importation, 200 baskets of pure and superior TIFIC, and NEWS MATTERS, of a character
Champagne wine, together with a large assortment calculated to prove instructive and entertaining to
of other Wines and fine Brandies, Segars, etc. the family circle. The Chronicle has now been
which he will sell on pleasing term-, and invites several years in existence, and the publ.s-err
members of Congress and strangers thzt wi!l visit believe that, without vanity on their pa-t, they
Washington this season, to call at No. 3, Pennsyl- may ,a'ely atsert that it has earned fcr itself a
vanta avenue. Reputation for Excellence in all its departments of
All goods delivered free of charge, and with the Useful ,lfirmation, Sound Philosophy, High Toned
shortest notice. EDWARD SIMMS. Morals, ant" raisee and Valuable Vmeiey, sur-
Drce9-w3w passed by no other newspapag in the United
De 9--wStates.
R. VAN PATTEN cures the toothach, in The leading.contents of the Saturday Chronicle
almost every case, in a few moments, by an are-
application to its sensitive part, which subjects the Literary Tales, The Fine.Arts, Agriculture, Science,
patient to no pain or inconvenience, and leaves the Travelling Skqtches, lMananers and Customs, Ladies'
carious tooth in a fit condition to be filled, and thus Department, Biography, History, Education, Popular
Preserved for life. Statistics, Letters from broad .NJew Publications,
No charge unless suece-ful. Moral Readings, Mtulic, e ics of /ke Day, Sfe.
Office third door west of the Capitol on PRnnsyl- B-sides these prominent features, the Chronicle
vani. avenue. Jan 4-3awtf will be found to contain a carefully corrected
________ BankN ote List-a List of ol .New Countorfits-the
IsMIAN0S, MINERAL CASES, AND MA. P, ices J Stccks-Prices ,j Mark:ling-and a Com-
Vi HOGANY FURNITURE.-We have en plete Pfices Cutrrentof Forei;n and Domestic Pro-
hand, and for sale at private sslI, two very hand dtte s, thus rendering the paper of great value to all
some new German Piano Fortes, of best workman- engaged in Mercantile, Mechanical or Agricultural
sh'p an'd finish, and of very fine tone. L-dies and pursuits.

gentlemen wanting such articles, (a great bargain,)
will please call and examine them.
Tree Mineral Cases, with glass doors, formerly
used by Professor Hall, with a lot of good new M.-
hogany and other Furniture, such as Mahogany
Sofas, Chairs, Wardrobes, Toilet and Pine Bu-
reaus, Mahogany Pier Tables with marble tops,
Centre Dining and other Tables, high and low
Bedsteads, Pine Wardrobes, Washstands, etc.
All the above will be sold low for cash, or on
short time for good endorsed notes, bearing inte-
rest. E. DYER & CO.
Jan 16 Auctioneers.
G UITARS -W. FISCHER has just received
a great variety of plain and ornamental
Guitars, with patent screws, square and flat heads.
with or without cases, at prices from five to sixty
dollars each.
Also, constantly on hand, the best Pianos, from
the unequalled manufacturers, Messrs. Cnickering
and Mackays, Boston. Violins, Flutes, ClarionetF,
Flageolets, Fifes, and Accordions with semi-tones,
with the most approved instruction books lor eac'
NANCE.-Mortimer's Commeicixl Dcrrionary.
0,_dn'.i American Tariff tor 1841 and 1842
E. lell'; Industry of Nations, 2 vols. London,
1840. Macpherson's Annals of Commerce, 4
vols. quarto, London. Jeremy Bentham's Ration-
ale of Judicial Evidence, 5 vols. London. Ben-
tham on Legislation, 2 vols. H. C. Carey on the
Rate of Wages, and on the Condition of the Labor-
ing Classes throughout the Wor d. H.C. Carey
on the Production and Diirnibuni,:on of Wealth.
Carey on the C.edit System of Fiance, Great Bri-
tain ana the Uniied States. Carey on Population,
and the causes which retard Improvement it the
Political Condition of Man. Veithake's Political
Ec,,nomy. Vethake's edition of MeCClloch', Com-
mercial Dictionary. Gouge's History of Paper
Money and Bsnking in the United S&ates.
FP,,r sale by F. TAYLOR.
January ]5.
I Tne creditors of Nathan Smith, are hereby
notufled that a third and final dividend of two pet
cent a3-etts in hand, wilt be paid to them respe.-
lively, upon application at the Auction Store of
Edward Dyer and Co.
Ti rS. BLAGDEN, T.rse.
Corner Second ste-t stand Pennsylvania avenue,
Washington City.
RP RENCE.-T. Sewall, M. D., H. L ndly, M.
D., P. May, M. D., N. P. Caunin, M. D.

1AGES-Just published and this day re-
ceived for sale by F. TAYLOR, Miss Leslie's
Birthday Stories; the Children's Fireside Book,
translated from the French of M. Berguin, author
of the cekbrted "Children's Friend;" the Chil-
drea's Companion, by the same author; the Juve-
nile Forget Me Not, a souvenir for youthfor 1841;
Sowing and Reaping, or What Will Come of It, by
Mary Howitt, London, 1841; S'rive and Tnrive,
by Mary Howilt, L-mdon, 1840; Hope On, Hope
Ever, or the Boyhood of Felix Law, by Mary
Howi;t, London, 1840; the Fairy Gift, a collection
of new tairy tales, 1840, with two hundred en-
gravings; the Girl's Week Day Book, published by
the London Religious Tract Society; Stories for
1841, illustrated with many engravings; the Youth's
Keepsake, a juvenile souvenir for 1841; Stories
and Rhymes for 1841; new editions of "Sandford
and Merton," of "Evenings at Home," of "Pa-
rent's Assistant," of "Rhbin on Crusoe," each .pub-
lished in the small quarto size; with very numerous
engravings; all the Peter Parley books, all the
R'llo books, and a vatty of several hund. ed
other esteemed works fur youth; colored toy books
in great variety. Dec 22
W INES.-MADEIRA. 25 half pipes, quarter
pipes, and cases Madeira Wine, from the
respectable house of Messrs. Symmington & Co.
Madeira, on consignment.
CLARET. 150 ca-es of the following brands: Me-
doc, St. Julien, Chat Beychevilte, Leoville 1834,
Larose 1834, Chat Latour, first growth 1834, Cha-
teau Lafitte, and Chateau Margaux, from the highly
respectable house of Messrs. Craze and Horsch-
field, Bordeaux.
CHAMPAOGE. 225 baskets Anchor, Key, Duo de
50 baskets Cabbenitt brand daily expected.
The above Clarets and Champagnes are of our
own importation, and which we warrant equal to
any imported of the same brands.
The Madeira Wines are of very choice quality.
Jan. 5-2aw2 SEMMES & MURRAY.
FOR RENT, and possession given im-
mrdtately, tte west house of the blockol
.iLL buildings erected by Count de Menou, on
square No. 250, fronting on H street north, between
13M and 14tn streets west. It is in a central and
healthy position, contiguous to the public offices,
with the be-. 'hdrani water in the neighborhood,
and hav'.ia bacilt buiil in', carriage-house, stables
&c. In short its arrangement, location, and excel
lent condition, render this one of the most desirable
dwelling-houses in this city.
For terms please apply to James Lamed, or to
Richard Smith. Nov. 27-diftf
UST received by the Subscriber;
Guerlam's Almond Soap
Piver's do do
Betterson's Almond Cream Paste for shaving
Ta) lor', Shaving Soap
Oger's and Lubin's Essences
Oger's Almond Cream
Also, Chapman's celebrated Razor Strops
A general assortment of Nail, Tooth, Hair, and
other Brushes, Combs, Perfumery, &e. &c.
Dec 28 Corner 14th .ntd lE s,,-"..

has returned to town andI resumed the prac-
tice of his profession. Third stt. 0th OGt. 1840.

As an additional atiaction, and for the especial
graiilication of ladies, the music of some popular
air, melody orbalad, will be frequently inserted,
5o that our readers in the interior will have the
advantage of possessing new and favorite music
for the voice or piano, almost as soon as it is is-
sued in the large cities. This novel feature will
doubtless prove agreeable to the patrons of the
The Chronicle being the cheapest paper published
in the Union, a rigid adherence to the following
terms will be insisted upon in all case,.
For ten copies, for one year, sent to one ae-
dre.s, $10 00
For four copies, for one year, 5 00
For two copies, for one year, 3 00
For a single copy, one year, 2 00
No orders for subscription will be attended to
unless accompanied by the money, and po.t paid,
and at the expiration of the time paid far, the
paper or papers will be stopped, unless the sub-
scription be renewed.
Agents will please endure their letters and
Postmasters frank infull.
To constitute a frank, it is necessary to write the
name of the Postmaster in full and the word free"
Notes of a!l tolveit banks are received for sub-
scriptions .t p r.-.'ee our Bank .Nole List.
The Postmaster General has decided that a
"Postmaster may endorse money in a letter to the
publisher of a newspaper, to pay the subscription
of a third person, and frank the letter, if written
by him-elt."
MATTHIAS & TAYLOR, Publishers,
No. 86 South Second Street Philadelphia.
3j OORE'S LIFE OF BYRON.-Just pub-
l lihed, a new edition of the Life of Lord
Byron, with his letters and journals, by Thomas
"As a composition it deserves to be classed
among the best specimens of English prose which
our age has produced."
"Tue letters, at lea.t those which were sent from
Italy, aie among the best in our language. They
are less affected than those of Pope and Walpole;
they have more matter in them than those of Cow-
"And if the epistolary style of Lord Byron was
artificial, it was a rare and admirable instance o'
that h ;,hest art which cannot be distinguished frt.m
nature."-.Macautlay's .Miscellanies, page 388.
Complete in 2 octavo volumes, handsome edi-
tion, with portraits. rice $3 25. Just received
Oct. 28

establish a semi-monthly newspaper under the above
name, to be devoted to the following objects, viz:
1. The security of the right of suffrage, by addi-
tional laws to punish bribery and fraud.
2. An exposure of abuses and corruptions in go-
vernment, wherever known to exist.
3. An exposition of the principles of modern
banking, and its effects upon labor, trade, morals,
and government, embracing the nature and uses of
money, and a history of the origin and progress of
paper money in its various forms.
To these will be added all the topics common in
the newspapers of the day, with a summary of
news carefully compiled, forming an accurate his-
tory of passing events.,
Avoiding all personal altercations, this paper,
while it will not conceal its preferences for men,
will confine itself chiefly to the elucidation of face's
and principles, leaving the ruder portions of politi-
cal controversy to younger hands.
The Expositor will be printed in the neatest
manner upon a royal sheet, folded in octavo form,
each number making sixteen pages, with an index
at ihe end of each volume embracing one year. It
will thus form a bo. k containing a history of the
times with much other useful and entertaining
in advance. No accounts will be kept, and the
paper will not be sent until the money be actually
Bank notes will be taken at their specie value.
To those who collect and forward ten dollars, an
additional copy will be sent gratis.
Postmasters are permitted by law to forward
subscription money in letters written by them-
All letters to the Editor must be free or post
I t'3As the postage on this paper will be but
one cent to one and a half each number, it is in the
power of every man to procure all the important
news, and a vast deal of other useful matter, at
not exceeding ONE DOLLAR AND THIRTY-
Jan 12-dim
Charles Lawton, executor of James Darley, dec'd
The United States of America.
HEREAS the heirs of James Darley, de-
ceased, have not filed any bill of revivor in
this cause, in pursuance'of the order of this court,
made on the 20th day of July last; and whereas
more than five months have elapsed since the date
of said order; therefore, on motion of the District
Attorney frr the United States, it is ordereJ that
the said heirs appear and cauve themselves to be
made parties to this cause, by bill or revivor or
otherwise, on or before the second Monday in July
next, or that the bill will be dismissed, or a decree
against them granted: Provided, That, in the mean
time, a copy of this order shall be published once
a week for six months successively, as directed by
the said order, made on the 20th day of July last.
Dated at St. Augustine, January 1, 184 1.
U. S. Judge for Dist of E, Florida.
A true copy:
JoltN BEARD, jr. sleek.
Jan 19-w6m
NESIA.-Forrsalehy C. H. TAMES,
Dee. 26 Corne 14th and E sts.

" two rooms -vacant. Gentlemen wishing to
be accommodated will please apply at corner of
15th street and Pennsylvania avenue, opposite
Fuller's Hotel.____
,1The steamboat PHENIX
4N 1111 will resume her trips to Wash-
S ington THis DAY, and leave
&gM& M at the following hours, viz:
Leave Alexandria at 9, 11, and 3 o'clock.
Leave Washington at 10, 12, and 4 o'clock.
January 15-2w
land poppy of a dark brown color, while
breast, white at the end of his tail and fore feet, or
foot. A reward will be given. Inquire at this
office. Jan 12.
subscriber respec fully informs his friends and
customers, that he has added to his stock an entire
fresh supply of Snuff, Segars, and Tobacco, which
he intends to keepconstantly on hand. 'lhe Se-
gars are of superior brands, and the Snuff put up
by an old established house, consiting in part of
as follows, viz: Conprese, Demi Grap, Senator's
Mixture, Macabau, Rappee, &e.
The public are respectfully invited to callandex-
amine tor themselves.
Penn. avenue, between llth and 12 strecti.
Jan. 14-3.aw4w

TIES.-Handsomely located Building Lots,
in square 5f4, fronting on Massachusetts avenue,
Second and Third and G streets, can be had, on ap-
plication to the subscriber, on aer-oromodaing terms.
Several lots in the above tquarte tave now been
sold, and the whole of the baiane" will be sold as
soon as possible. to purchasers to suit.
January 18-3t E. DYER.
History of Christian Martyrdom, from the
commencement ofChtistianity to the latest period
of Pagan and Popish p.-'rEecuir.ns; 1 volume uf515
nagrs. with numerous erinervi aq, in fll iutamber
mndine. Price G2 cents. F. TAYLOR.
Jan 14
SALE.-The proprietor .., a Republican S
press in North Carolina, wishir ,,IVhaige his pur-
suits, will d,.pn:e ol hi enat,,it-m:niton very rea-
sonable terms to a person of his own political prin-
ciples. For a man with a small capital and busi-
ness habits, this would be an excellent situation.
Enquire of the Editor of the Globe for further
particulars. Dec 19-2awlm

D. S. GREGORYkS Co. AMangers.
40,000 dollar. !
Cr tss A, petc. 1840.
To be drawn at A^.ii dra.r, Va. on Saturday.
February t;, 1841.
$40,000, 41 -.0On,
5,000 dollars 1 i .'l u lollais,
3,000 dollars 1 2 297 dollars
__'. 50 Ptizus of 1 000 dollars.
o.1 e1 *J j -, : 'f-1. \\ 11 .
Tickets ifl- lla t ,. '- '. ,i lt 2 Sri .'
Certificates .. p r l ka.- , I t i' l t.-- 1l3i
Do do 26 h.lf do 65
Do do 26 (arter do 32 5)

$35,395-40 of $1,500.
Class B, for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturdayt,
13 h February, 1841.
0,115- I t), 1t --5 (i" 1-1-$4 000-$3,500-.
$3,035-$3,000-40 prizes of $1 500, &c.-50 of
$200, &c.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets,$130
Do. do. 25 half do. 65
Do. do. 25 quarter do. 32 50
30,000 Dollas!
And 25 Prizes of $2,000.
Class B lor 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, the
20th of February, 1841.
$30,000-$10 000.
6,000 dollars 2,500 dollars
5,000 dollars 2,195 dollars
3,000 dollars
25 Prizes of $2.000, &c.
Tickets $]10-Halves $5-Q.uarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 Whole tickets $130
Do do 25 Half do 65
Do do 25 Quarter do 32 50

50,000 Dollars
In prizes of $10 000
And fourteen drawn numbt ri out of seventy-five.
Class B for 184t,
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, the
O7th February, 1841.
I of $10,0001
1 of 10.000 1 5 Prizes of $10,000,
1 of 10 000 i- Amnuntiii. to
1 of 10 000 1 $50,000.
1 of 10,000J
2 prizes o0 $5,000-$2,500-12,120.
25 priz-s of $1,000.
20 of $500-20 of $400.
30 of $300-40 of 250, &e.
Tickets $10-Halves .05-GQiarierm 9. 50.
Certificates ot Packages o1 r:, Wnols Tkkrts "120
Do. do. "25 Hal" d'i. 60
Do. do. 25 Quarter do. 30
For Tickets and Shares, or Ceitfireates of Pack-
ages in the above splendid Lotteries, address
D. S. GREGORY & 00. Managers.
Waihiuticn, D. C.
Drawings sent immediately atie-r they are over
to all who order as 'above.
January 20-d&er 3w

W ATER COLORj -Just received at Station-
ets' Hall an addliiaonal ,upply of OsIprae's
superior Water Colors, comprising every size in
boxes, and all kinds of Colors in cakes.
Dec c3 W. FISCHER,

Iwo complete in one octavo volume of 70f
pages, handsomely prineil anIl neatly bound.
Price $1 75. For sale by F. TAYLOR.
Janl8 1:

, I

: I

, 1,

HUGH, (from London ani EJinburgh,)
Wi' and Scalp maker, 207 Broadway, New York,
respectfully Intimates to the ciuzens, visitors, and
members of Congres& at Washington, that he will
be in thatL city about the tirset week of February,
with an exten.,ive assortment of his newly invent-
ed Gossamer, Ventlating and perpetual fitting
Wigs and Scalps.
CLIREHUGH invites all wearer; and connois-
seurs to wait his zrnrval and inspect his newly in.
vented venlilating and perpetual fittin Wigs,
which for elegance, lightne's and duranilli'y, may
be placed among the nrst productions ol mtdernt
art. In .he.r manufacture they differ fr-m all
others ever made be'e; the hair bfing singly tii.ert.
ed, and so equally di.trbtn'ee, an to appear just is-
suing from the skin. In their form they cover no-
mrre of the brow than the natural hair does. Com-
posed of hair which never loses its curl, rnl by
the use of the flat elastic spring, (made expressly
for himself,) which neither corrodes nor loses its
elasticity, they fit so closely to the head,.tbat the
most critical observer cannot penetrate the decep-
Will be heard of at S. PARKER'S Dressing
Room, Gadsby's Hotel.
January 8-tawtf
FOR SALE OR LEASE, for a term of years,
the House and Lots now occupied by ihe
Secretary of State, with or without the principal
part of the furniture. A summer residence conve-
nient for the use of a Southern family would be
taken in part payment, if situated in a healthy and
pleasant neighborhood.
Inquire of F. STUaas, 9.h between P andG
streets. *Jan 15-eo2w
LOST, yesterday, between Capitol Hill and the
Navy Yard, a check drawn by Sylvester
Spencer on the Mechanics Bank of New York, in
favor of J. L. C. Hardy. Whoever has found te
same, and will leave it at Mr. Spring's, Capitel
Hill, will be .-uitably rewarded. Jan 15-3t


T[E&DAY, January 12, 1841.
Toe bill to establish a permanent prospective
pre-emption ystem,in favor of settlerson the pub-
lic lands, who shall inhabit and cultivate the same,
arnid aise a log cabin thereon, being the special
order (.t the day, was taken up, the question being on
the proportion of Mr. CiatTrnENn to recom-
mit the bill, with inslruci' n" to report a bill to dis-
tribute the proceed. of ihe sales of the public lands
among the Slates, which Mr. CALHOUN offered to
amend, by substituting a bill to cede the public
lands to the States in which they lie, upon certain
co)ndil or,,. -
When Mr. CALHOUN had concluded his re-
marks as even in our paper of Thursday last-
Mr. HUBBARD called for the yeas and noes on
the adoption of the substitute of the Senator from
South Carolina.
After a few words between Messrs. CRITTEN-
DEN, CLAY of Alabama, and MERRICK-
The PRESIDENT again stated the question,
The CLERiK commenced calling the list, but he
had not proceeded further than the name of Mr.
ALLEN, wi1h voted for the substiute of the Senator
from South Carolina, when
Mr. CRITTENDEN rose and observed that he
had hardly ever felt mere surpried than in listen-
iug to the amendment proposed by the Senator from
South Carolina. In offering the amendment which
he himself had proposed, his simple and unobtru-
sive purpose had been merely to put on record the
views he entertained, and what he was willing to
do on this subject of pre.-emption. He had been
desirous that his views should not be misunderstood
or perverted, and he had drawn up and offered his
amendment for the purpose of showing that he was
willing to go forpre-eiption,if itwascombined with
the just distribution among the States of the proceeds
of the sales of the public lands. For these two
measures, if united, he was willing to vote. He
had been desirous of putting this on record, and
that was his whole purpose in offering his amend-
ment. For the audacity of making such a pro-
posal, he continued, I-no, not I-but my pro-
position itself has been denounced in all the
variety of epithet which the eloquence of the hono-
norable Snator could supply. Ithas been pronounced
to be "idle, unjust,or foolish." This was the senten-
tious condemnation passed upon by the Senator
from South Carolina [Mr. CALHOUN.] The Sera-
tor from Missouri [Mr. BENTON] had directed
against it a storm of epithets yet more ponderous.
According to the thunder of that gentleman's eltcu-
tion, the proposition was "eitrnmous!" "monstrous!"
So montrous and so enormous was it that I shrank
from all attempt at defendingg it, and the honorable
Senator did n.t wordei! Now these argumenta-
tive epithets of the Senator will, I rather imagine,
make no very great impression oa the understand-
ing of the country or on the Senate. It is not by
epithets that either of those gentlemen, high as they
may believe themselves to stand, can put down
measures in this body. Great as may be their
power of animadversion, it is not on that power
that the fate of this measure is to depend. The
gentlemen may suppose I shrink from the very
thought of defending my amendment, because I
do not choose to occupy an hour or two in debate-
on what? On a measure new to the Senate? Not
at all. The bill before us is to grant a prospective
pre-emption on the public lands. Did the honora-
ble Senator expect I was about to take up
the time of this body in unfolding the ad-
vantages and disadvantages of a measure of
this kind? To him, at least, all such discus-
sion must be, in an eminent degree, fiat, stale,
and unprofitable. Pre-emption and graduation
have been abundantly argued, both now and here-
tofore; there remains but one more proposition to
be considered, which is distribution. Is that to be
debated now? Does the gentleman suppose that I
am going to debate that question with the vain
hope of carrying it now? Surely not; and yet, be-
cause I have abstained from this, I am accused of
shrirdilo,. (em the defence of my amendment. I
thought miat it would be abusing the patience of
tlaSanaie-il at ,utd aLiempit .u:h a thitg. And
thungh, Ir m ithe manner 01 ihe honorable Venaio,
from Mi ., ui, my frankness must have &urprined
the Senti, he ha; multiplied a repetition of his
thanks for my proposal of a measure perfectly stale
from repetition. The propositions have been re-
peated ,tr ;o' s. What is there about them so
monstrouss?" Is it pre-emption? Is that so atrc-
cions? It it distribnwion? Is that "idle, unjust, or
foolish?'" If it be, let Congress take the burden of
these denunciations on themselves. Pre-emption
laws we have passed again and again, and a bill
for distribution passed both the Senate and House
of Representatives by triumphant majorities, and
would have been the law of the land long ago but
for a most extraordinary and unparalleled instance
of Executive interposition. .Was this the measure
that was so "monstrous," so "enormous," so
"outrageous," as to deter any gentleman from even
San attempt at its defence?
But the honorable gentleman from Missouri
seems to consider this proposition so monstrous and
so outrageous, as a measure over "cunning," that
I will now say a word or two on that point. It is,
on my part, no cunning proposal. I have very
little of that quality in my composition; it is a thing
I know not in my public course; to work by cun-
ning is a thing I leave to older and more practised
politicians than myself. It was not my purpose or
design to do any thing cunning when I offered the
amendment to the present bill; I wished, as I have
said, to put myecxact position on record, that all
might see it. I do not see any thing so very "cun-
ning" in this. I knew, before I had said a word,
that all who will not yield their unquestioning as-
sent to depredations on the public lands may calcu-
late on being denounced here as enemies of those
hardy and adventurous men who are our precursors
in subduing the wilderness. I never was their ene-
my. I amn the son of a pre-emptioner, and was
myself born on a pre-emption; and if I have been
restrained from going the full length with gentle-
men on this subject, it is frcm no enmity towards
the pre-emptioners, but from a sense of duty to the
Union, as one of the trustees to whom has been
confided the pnanagemcntof their common proper-
ty. I rejoice to find that there is now a way in
which I may at once gratify my sympathies with
the industrious and hardy settler, and at the same
time do my public duty to all the States; that I can
make a compromise between the rights of the settler
and the rights of the Union. Iam now ready and
willing to give a pre-emption "right of 320 acres
of the public land to every real bona fide set-
tIer who is not worth over one thousand dollars.
I am prepared to protect him in his possession
against the host of rich and grasping speculators
who, under the pretext of your pre-emption law,
and under the deceptive mask of an intention to
settle and improve your lands, are seeking to get
the public domain into their possession, that they
may convert it into an engine to enrich themselves.
Is there any thing in this proposition so very un-
reasonable-so "monstrous"-so "enormous"-so
"cunning?" If we are to have a pre-emption at
all, for whose benefit is it to be granted? Gentle.
men, in very moving tones, demand our sympathies
and demand our bounties for the poor and needy.
This proposition meets their sympathies and com-
plies wilh their demands; it holds out a bounty to
the poor and the needy-a larger bounty than the
gentlemen themselves propose to give; and all it
asks is a guard that this bounty shall not be
eiven to the rich. Is that "monstrous?"' What do

gentlemen desire? What would they have? Do
they want to give pre-emptions to the rich? To make
the rich richer? If not, why do they reject my pro.
position? Mine has the very essence of a pre-
emption law; and it is the only sort of a pre-emp-
tion law that can be honestly vindicated. Few
men worth over a thousand dollars seek for them-
selves a home amongst the distant wilds of the public
lands. Very small indeed is the number whom
such a restriction will exclude; but it will shut
out the men who make their wealth out of the pub-
lic plunder. Do gentlemen resist it on that ac-
I would not occupy a moment of the Senate's
time were I not bound to show that I am not
ashamed of the measure I have proposed, and
have no thought of "shrinking" from its defence.
What objection can be urged against that part of
my amendment which proposes to unite wit pre-
emption the princip'P of distribution? It would be
idle at this time to repeat the history of the cession
to the Union of the public domain-on which ces-
sion restis thle right of the States to a participation
in its proceeds. These lands were ceded, be it re-
membered, in 1784, at a time when the old confe-
deration was the fundamental law of the Union-
when the Treasury was supplied by requisitions on
the States, according to the amount oi territory iq
each State; it was ceded with the express purpose
that it should be and remain for the common bene-
fit of all the States. The proceeds were to be di-
vided according to the quota furnished by each

State to the expenses of the General Government;
and how was that quota regulated? According to
an estimate of the amount of improved lands in
the several States. But is that the rule of the
States' contribution now? If the proceeds of the
public lands go into the Treasury, does each State
get its share now in this proportion? No; not un-
less the'taxeswere in exact proportion to the lands
in each State. This rule has been alierecd. You
have changed the means of taxation. Bat you
cannot change the words of the acts of cession
under which you hold your public lands; and the
only way to fulfil the intent and meaning of that
ce-sion is to go according to the terms in which it
is expressed. The revenue from the public lands is
not like the rest of the revenue under the Constitu-
tion. Those land, were ceded to us, not under the
Constitution, but under the Confederation; and the
purpose of the ceision can only be fulfilled by as
near an approximation to the very words of the
deed as circumstances now render possible.
But this proposition is very "dangerous."' The
honorable gentleman from Missouri reminds us
that when, some years ago, we were about to distri-
bute the surplus then in the Treasury by depositing
it wi Ih the States, he uttered the prophecy that the
practice ofdistribution wouldn't stop there; ihatif the
States once began to lap that blood, it would event il-
ly become their common food; that the General Go
vernmeht would be stripped of its revenue; that
the States would seize upon the money in the Trea-
sury, and would have the General Government to
collect the deficit as it could; in a word, that the
States, having once got the taste of blood, would
fasten on the General Government like so many
vampires, and would drain its veins of the last drop
of their vitality. Well: the honorable Senator last
up seems to think (and I concur with him) that we
ought to repose the fullest confidence in the good
faith of the States, and rely without hesitation on
their fulfilling all their contracts. But what does
the argument of the Senator from Missouri imply?
Confidence in the fidelity of the States? What a
magnificent compliment has the honorable gentle
man paid to the States of this Confederacy! In
his opinion, they are so many vampires-they are
to lap the blood of the Government-they are to
feed upon its strength and suck its veins. Why,
what is the General Government? Is it not their
own offiplring? And is the parental sentiment so
weakened, so destroyed, so reversed, that the pa-
rent will devour the child? The States, it seems,
are not to be trusted; they are a set of vampires;
they will lap the heart's blood of the Government,
and drain its veins. That is the Senator's opinion
of them. I believe no such thing, but he does; and
we were told all this, yea, and a great deal more
The States, if they once get their hands upon this
monet, will apply it to unwise purposes; it will
corrupt them-destroy their dignity and sense of in-
dependence! In our pure hands alone there is no
contamination. The States are a pack of idle
spendthrifts, tempted by the sight of money, intoxi-
cated by the touch of their own property, corrupted
by its possession, and led into all sorts of folly and
mischt-f; therefore, we, as a sort of wise guardians,
must keep these our little wards from juvenile in-
discretions-must defend them fiom themselves, by
-keeping their inheritance!
The States have a right to demand this distribu.
tion; and if they have, their circumstances render
it desirable that they should have what is their due.
They have debts to pay; and under such circum-
stances, thinkyou that they do not, like private in-
dividuals, like to receive what is due them? We
are their debtors; we owe them this money; and
they ought to have it. If it is their just right, then
it is no argument to say "we need this money; we
cannot spare i; our Treasury is at a very low ebb,
and if we take out this amount to pay it to them,
we shall have to lay taxrs to make up the defi-
ciency." We have no right to use their property
for our purposes. We possess ampler modes of
raising funds than the States do; and, if paying
your just debts leaves you with a deficit, it is much
easier for you to supply it than for the States to lie
out of their dues. That is my answer to the hoac-
rable Senator, and all he says about the monstrosi-
ty of my proposition.
It is said to be "idle" to pay over this money to
the States if by taxation we must raise an equal
sum. But that is a fallacy. I have shown that
the rate of distribution is to be regulated by the
principles which prevailed under the old Confede-
r-Lin, and i ut-cording to the ratio of taxation
ristablihhed by the Federal Constitution. Titeprin-
ciple of distribution applying to the proceeds of
these lands is special and not general; it is re-
gulated by the terms of the original cession,
which was made while the Confederation was yet in
force; but we have gone very wide from the rule
then laid down. Give this money to its States,
and every man in the Stairte, rich an-i poor, wil-
share in the benefit. It is their right, and they ought
to enjoy it. I might stop there, without going into
any question of consequences. But if, by dis-
tributing to the States the proceeds of their own
property, we are driven to taxation to make up the
deficit, have we not ample means? Are there not
luxuries on which a very small tax will be suffi-
cient for this purpose, without reaching the poor
man at al.? ,Lay your tax on these luxuries of lite,
and you tax the rich only. This you can do if
your Treasury is in straits. I hope, too, that the
abstraction of this money may operate to bring
back the Government to a just and economical ad-
ministration-such an afldmipistration as gentlemen
ail profess to desire. But how has it been admi-
nistered during* the expiring dynasty? Has the
little stream of money flowing in from the sale of
the public lands bad any other effect than to in-
crease the extravagance of the Government? More
than thirty millions a year has been expended during
the Van Buren administration. It would seem that
this landed revenue, of which the gentleman from
Missouri talks to us so solemnly, has done little
but feed their extravagance. Theie is nothing,
rely upon it, that so promotes extravagance in ex-
penditure as to feel plenty of money in one's pocket.
I do not want this Government to have any such
feeling. I wish it to have no money flowing insen-
sibly into itspos ession.. I want it to have none
but what it gets by taxation-so that the people
may know and feel where the money comes from.
Give a Government an income independent of tax-
es1 and the people do not feel what they ate pay-
ing. Such a mode of filling the Government cof-
fers must be dangerous. I do not desire it to con-
tinue; and I hold, therefore, that justice and expe-
diency alike require that this great subject of the
public domain shall be settled as soon as possible.
Give the amplest provision you please to the poor
bonafide settler; I do not object to it; I am ready to
do it, and I will do it freely and cheerfully; but
while I do this, I would at the same time do justice
and discharge my duty to the Siates, by giving
them their just shares in the proceeds of the whole
I hold this to be greatly preferable to the scheme
of cession proposed by the Senator from South Ca-
rolina. I was, I confess, greatly surprised by many
of the deinonstratiosi. of that honorable Senator. He
reduced the value of the one hundred and sixty
millions of acres of the public lands, lying within
nine States of this Union, to twenty-six millions pf
dollars! He reverses the position that each acre
of that land is worth a dollar and a quarter, and
holds, on the contrary, that not an acre of it is
worth that prices.
Mr. CALHOUN explained. He had meant to
bh understood that the lands were none of them
worth a dollar and a quarter cash in hand value; and
that none were worth that butsuch as could now be
purchased in market.
Mr. CRITTENDEN. The Senator thinks he
can reduce the total value of the whole domain to
its value as a rum in hand; and he insists that this

sum, put out at interest, will bring us more than
the lands will. Why, what is the value of land
covered with the ocean which no man can drain?
Or what is the value of land with no human being
to cultivate it or to enjoy the fruit of it? What is
the value in hand, of land so situated? Yet the
Senator concludes that, because such land is
of no value now, we ought to sell it now for
nothing. That is the substance of his argument.
What is the selling price of land under the sea,
not drained, or land at present inaccessible to set-
tlement? No man can get at the ene or wan s the
other-and, while things so remain, it has no pre-
sent value at all. But would a prudent man, or
a prudent Government, therefore, part with it for
nothing? The value of a thing consists in the use
of it- that is the value of land, and that only.
Its value depends on the demand for it. Till the
demand advances, we mnst content ourselves to
wait. When it comes to be wanted, then it will
have its value.
It is disgraceful to witness the manner in which
matters are now proceeding-to see the sale of
valuable lands postponed as it has lately been.
The sale is advertised to take place in the midst of
cold inclement weattier,and,when this is complained
of, the Secretary then writes a most gracious letter
declaring that, though he is in very great want of
money, yet he will condescend to put off the sale
a little longer. The Treasury wants a little mo-
ney: does not know where to get it, until it is re-
solved to get up a pre-emption law: then Mlr.

Secretary, in all haste advertise the lands fur
sale, at a time proper or improper, no matter. Just
?s a spendthrift hastens to sell off a piece of his
patrimony to-day to pay for the extravagance of
yesterday, and to get what he needs for more ex-
travagance to-morrow.
The whole basis of the honorable Senator's ar-
gument is perfectly idleand visionary. To talk of
the pie-ent value of one hundred and sixty millions
of acres of land, when every body knows that not
more than five millions of it are wanted in a year?
What demand is there for one hundred and sixiy
millions of acres of land? What is the price such
a tract will bring if put up to sale? Had we not
better husband it and sell it off, little by little, as it
is needed? Can we not holly the property and sell
it off for homes to settlsrs as homes are needed?
Can,we not keeplit for posterity,when they will want
homes too? This is not a subject to which to apply
the calculations of annuities. The land is not
wanted now, and therefore there is no ground on
which to calculate its value at this moment.
But this notable scheme of cession is to remove
at a stroke all our evils. This to put an end to
our angry debates; this to put far away the danger
of the lands falling into the hands of the settlers,
or of theIs S'ates. No morn jealousies are to be
felt between te"w and old States; no more Erecu-
tire patronage is to be felt in this body or elsewhere;
no more landed bribes are to be offered by ambi-
fiu% seekers of the Presidency-nothi g of all this
is to be felt any more-all, all is to be at an end;
and moreover, the cession is to bring you in more
money for your land! Now, I differ entirely from
the learned Senator in all these calculations. I will
show you how it is he makes the land pro luce us
more money; by calculating, in the first place, what
the land would fetch, if set up at auction when n)
one wants to buy,and then contrasting this wilh what
we are to get for it from the States to which we are
to cede it. But will this remove one solitary evil
of all those he has enumerated? The States will
be our debtors, and they are to promise to pay.
Can the gentleman's perspicacity see no possible
matter of controversy in the interpretation, and in
the compliance with this contract? We have here
individual States asking us for graduation and pre-
emption laws, and it produces a vast deal of pro-
longed and angry debate; if we substitute money
tor land, will that diminish the debates? Shall we
not have all the angry controversy then we have
now? Andmore? Now, the General Government
acts on individuals; it grants pre-emption to A and
B, and it has them in its power; an 1 yet he says
there is the utmost danger of resistance, and of our
losing the lands; but give up the whole and take a
State bond, and then all will be peace andt quiet-
ness. Why, will there not be as much danger
when all who might oppose our authority are con-
solidated in'o one, as when we could deal wi'h them
as individuals, and take them one at a time? Can we
act on a mass with more effect than on single man?
Is it so easy to dial with States and to compel them
to fulfil their engagements? Was it found so in
the days of the Confederation? Under the Confe-
deration you acted on Sates--oy# States who had
made promises; and did the plan work well? Was
it perfectly easy to raise the respective quotas of the
States, even under the most urgent pressure of the
wants of the continental army, fighting for the
liberties of us all? No; it wes found to be a con-
test of Government against Government, and it was
found that Governments are not as likely to pay as
individuals; and, if they refused, it was much hard-
er to coerce them. Hence that form of govern-
ment was changed; and our Revolutionary fore
fathers were so "idle, or unjust, or foolish" as to
think they gained by the exchange! and the Federal
Constitution'st'Ands a monument oftheir wisdom to
this day. But now, forsooth, we are to t avel
back again to the principles of the old exploded
Confederation! We are to give up the land which
is ours, and in the sale and management of which
we have to do with individuals only; and we are
to convert this vast and wide landed inheritance
into edebts of particular States. I do not distrust
the honesty of the States, or their good intentions;
but we know that it is not always convenient to pay
to-day. Do debtors never ask indulgence as to terms
or as to time? If we take these State bonds, are
we perfectly sure they will never become a subject
of controversy? May the States not say the pro-
gress of graduation is too slow? it keeps our people
waiting too long; give us a modified graduation
law with shorter periods of reduction, so that we
may get the land at nine pence the acre so much
the sooner? His peace-making proposition only
changes the' ground of controversy, it does not re-
move it. Its whole operation is to part with all the
grounds of controversy we know, and look out for
new sources of discord at present unknowri Shall
we leave the ground we have so long trod, and with
every foot of which we are familiar, to plunge
into a sea of troubles new and untried? I say no.
And then we are to purchase all this trouble at a
A few years ago the proposition of the honorable
Senator was to give up half the public lands. Was
this fair, to surrender by cession to the use of a few
that which is equally the property of all? To pa-
cify the clamors of nine States, shall we give up
one-half of 160,000,000 acres of land? Is not such
a price rather high? And have we a right to pay
it? I hold we have not. The entire scheme seems
to me to be one of the wildest, most wastei'ul, most
visionary conceptions that ever entered into the
brain of a statesman.
But the object of the scheme is to get rid of Ex-
ecutive patronage. Now, I am not an advocate of
Executive patronage. But, let me a'k, what a vast
patronage will there not be exerted by giving away,
in one single act of generosity, an entire moijety of
the public domain. Seldom, indeed, is one indi-
vidual so fortunately placed as to be able, by a sin-
gle act of magnificence, to make a present of eighty
million acres of land-a vast and royal donation,
to be sure. Yet the honorable Senator, while
making this pop ilar largess of eighty million acres
of land belonging to the whole Union, is terribly
opposed to patronage; and he tells u, as one of his
"demonstrations," that, if we refuse to make this
gift, nine States will be able to seize and carry off
the whole property in a body, against the will of
the other seventeen States. The "demonstration,"
I confess, does not to me appear to be very ao-
gical. I do not believe these States ilI ever be
so unjust, so rapacious, so profligate, as to atr
tempt thus to seize spon the property of their
fellow-citizens. But if there Is such great and immi-
nent danger that these States will thas seize upon
the lands, if we refuse to cede them, can not the
honorable gentleman suppose, on the same ground
of reasoning, that the States may tear up the bonds
"if we do cade them? If he considers them so ut-
terly unprincipled, so impudent, and shameless as
to seize upon and appropriate to themselves lands
which belong to the white family of confederated
States, what will there be to restrain them ir ',, va-
cating their boeids after we have surrendered the
land into their possession? One part of the gentle-
man's argument supposes the States to be all vir-
tue and good faith, the other all rapacity and vio-
lence. There is great danger, imminent danger of
our losing the whole domain, and we must give if
-away before the States take it by force; but when
these entire lands shall be converted into the shape
of a bond, then these States are to be all purity, all
honesty, all fidelity. For my part it seems to me
that if we cannot depend on these nine States for
their fulfilment of their constitutional obligation to
the Union, we cannot depend on any voluntary en-
gagement they may now enter into.
I apprehend no such danger. I do not call up-
on the Senate to cede the public domain on anay
such ground. If that is to be the ground of our
procedure, I say let the lands go. I will not be tne
to encourage the spoilers. I will never be one to

say this thing must be done and will be done. On
their own heads be it. I will take neither part nor
lot'in the responsibility.
I repeat that I have no objection whatever to
consent to pre-emption, provided the rights of all
the States can be respected. That is all I ask.
That was allmy amendment proposed. Iam sen-
sible that I have occupied too much of the time of
the Senate, but, challenged and called out as I have
been as one who had offered a proposition so out-
rageous, so enormous, so monstrous, that I shrank
from all attempt to defend it, I could not refrain
from saying a word in explanation and reply. Th-
whole subject I know is perfectly stale. Not
a word can be said upon it that has not been better
said already. Yet, as my proposition was pro-
nounced an enormity, I wished to show thai I did
not shrink from its avowal and defence. The
enormity of which I have been guilty is a simple
act of obedience to the instructions of my Siaie Le-
gislature. The plan is before the country, and de-
nounced as it may be, and outrageous as it has
been called, it is a plan which has received the pub-
lic approbation wherever I have been. My own
State has pa-sed a solemn resolution giving it the
seal of her approval. In offering it here, I have
but obeyed her voice, and no denunciation, how-
ever loud and swelling, shall turn me aside from
the course she has marked out for me to pursue.
She understands her interests; she judges calmly;
she asks'nothing but her plain recorded right, and I
ask nothing more in her name,

Mr. BENTON said that a part of the remarks
of the Senator from Kentucky [Mr. CRITTEN'DEN]
were in reply to a poor speech made by himself
(Mr. B.) some days before, and were of a nature
to require some answer from him. He would give
the answer which the case require,'; but before an-
,werin the arguments of that Senator, he wished
D) set him right on a couple ult small points on
which he had fallen into error.
Tne Senator suppose,said Mr. B. that I applied
the term cunning to him some days ago-that I
poke of him as a cunning man;: and under this
oppositionn, he repulses a term which he feels to
be injurious. The Senaito.r is c- riainly right in the
repulse, tf such a terni was applied to him; for
certainly there is nothing in hi. character to war-
rant the application. But I do not think it was so
applied. have no recollection of it. Certain I
am that I never ih--,ught it, and I am not .pt to
peak what I do not think. Cunning is a quality
which I had never thought of attributing to the
Irank and high minded character of that gentle
man. On the contrary, if there was any defect in
his character, (and what human character can be
without some alloy?) if there was any little de-
fect in his, it was the reverse of cunning-it
was the excess of his amiability-and the
obliging facility of his temper. I have thought
him not quite cunning enough not quite
sharp enough to keep himself out of scrapes
which others contrive; and that, on the pre-o.
sent occasion, he has given evidence of that
amiable facility by standing father for a very ugly
child which is no son of his. The Senator appears
as the present mover of the land distribution bil!;
a measure bad enough at all times, but too bad for
its own author to move in at the present time,
when the Treasury is so nearly empty, and when
the proposition to abstract the land revenue from
the annual income, and distribute it among the
States,-and supply its place by new taxes, is about
equivalent to a proposition to put an end to the
Constitution, and to let Congress go on to do what
it pleases, without a guide to its steps or a restric-
tion upon its will. I think if the Senator had been
a little more cunning, be would not'have moved
that bill at this time; anxious as he might have
been to oblige a friend, I think he should have de-
murred to the time,rand begged off until the Trea-
sury was full.
Mistaken as the S.nator was in the supposition
'hat the term cunning was applied to him, he has
been equally so in the application of a term of his
own to this side of the chamber, and doubtless in
tended for me-that of older politicians who could
give him lessons it cunning. The Senator sup-
poses that politicians older than himself-giving to
the phrase a pointed application by a smiling glance
in this direction-would be masters of a cunning
to which younger politicians, himself for example,
could not pretend. Now granting that there may
be old politicians who are too cunning for that Se-
nator, yet I deny that there are any such on this
side of the chamber; and especially affirm .that I
am not. It is not on this side, but on his own side
of the chamber, that he should look for these wily
elders. There are none of them here. We are
all his juniors. Between himself and myself
he is most respectably my senior.' He was
here long before me. I remember very well
to have read with much satisfaction-the
4iore, because the speaker was then on my
own side in politics--the lively speeches of the
Senator from Kentucky, delivered on this floor,
long before Missouri was admitted into the Union
-when I myself was a mere provincial attorney
in the Territory of Missouri. The gentleman was
therefore a politician, a distinguished one, of rank
Senatorial, when I was nothing but a provincial
attorney! This settles the question of political
seniority between that Senator and myself. It
leaves him far ahead of me. I believe I can also
settle it up quickly for all the members on this side
of the chamber. Immediately before me (point-
ing to Mr. KiNo of Alabama) sits the oldest sitting
member of the House-not the oldest gentleman
by any means, merely the oldest sitting member.
The gentleman is not yet married, and it would be
doubly wrong to wrong him in a question of time.
The united terms for which he has been elected
amount to twenty-.ight years, six of which remain
yet to be served. He has been here twenty-two
year; lie is the longest sitting member. He has
seen many exits and entrances upon the Senatorial
boards; but he has not been here long enough to
have seen the firt appearance of the Senator from
Kentucky. That Senator had made his first en-
trance, and his fist exit also, before the Senator
from Alabama hai taken his first seat here. He had
served out a term, and was gone, before the oldest
sitting member now here, had reached this floor.
[Mr. CRITTENDEN said: I have never been a poli-
tican since.]
Mr. BENTON continued: It is not on this side,
but on his own side of the chamber, that the gen-
tleman's remark can find its application. He must
look on his own side-in his own neighborhood-
on his right hand-for a view of the only Senator
on his floor to whom his remark pcan apply.
Having disposed of these two small matters, Mr.
B. would -proceed to larger ones, and first would
express his regret at having so signally failed in
almost the only quality in public speaking which
he aimed at; and that was intelligibility. He did
not say perspecuity, for that was a high quality in
speaking and in writing, and one to which he did
not pretend. But intelligibility he did pretend to.
He aimed at being intelligible-at being understood
-at making his hearers comprehend his meaning;
and in his aim at this quality, meritorious though
humble, he greatly regretted having so signally
failed. The Senator from Kentucky is astonished
at the violent denunciation of a measure which has
been so long before the country: he is astonished
at the violent epithets which are lavished upon ihe
land distribution bill-a bill for years before the
Senate, and often recommended by State Legisla-
tures. He is astonished at this denunciation, and
these epithets; but hcs wholly failed to understand
why I used them. I endeavored to make mysel(
intelligible on this point, aqd therefore dwe't par:i-
cularly upon the chronology of his movement.
Bad and indefensible as the distribution of the land
revenue was at all times-unconstitutional ard
mischievous as such a measure must forever be-it
seemed to me to be stamped with peculiar enormi-
ty at the present time, and in the present circum-
stances of the Treasury. In was in respect to this
time, and these circumstances, that I felt myself
called upon to steak, and to speak in language
which the Senator qualifies, perhaps very truly, as
violent, unexpected, and uncalled for by the occa-
sion. He understands me as directing all this vio-
lence against the measure itself; no part of it as
being induced by the time and circumstances under
which it is moved. Yet, upon these latter points,
I intended to be full and pointed-explicit and em-
phatic; and upon these points I expected to hear
from him; I expected to hear from him on
the point of bringing forward a distribution of the land
revenue at a time when the Treasury needed every
dollar of the money; .and when, if the abstraction
should be made, an immediate resort must be had to
loans or taxes to fill the chasm thus made in the
public income. I expected to be understood on
these points-to be replied to upon them-and the
denunciation shown to be unfounded, if unfounded
it was, which qualified this conduct as a naked,
flagrant, breach of the Constitution! as much as if
we levied taxes, or borrowed money, in the first in-
stance, and by name, to be distributed among the
Stales. I considered this conduct as flagrantly un-
constitutional-as admitting of no argument-as
being an exercise of our revenue-raising power, not
for the Union, but for the States-not to support

the Federal Government, or to pay its debts, tbut to
support the State Governments, and to pay their
debts. I relied upon the time and circumstances
to give this flagrant character to the present move-
ment in favor of the land bill; and upon these
points I wished to,be understood, and to have an an-
swer. The Senator has not answered me: I pre-
sume he has not understood me-that I have not
been able to make myself intelligible to him; othe -
wise he could not have bean so entirely silent on
the main points, while so profuse of answers on
small ones.
The Senator has been dead silent upon "the charge
of flagrant unconstitutionality in creating a defi-
ciency of revenue by distribution, -for the purpose
of supplying it by taxation. He has not denied
but that it is equivalent to an original imposition of
taxes for the purpose of distribution. He has nei-
ther answered this charge ner denied this proposi-
tion, Nor has he done another thing which I called
upon him to do: he has not told- us in what man-
ner he would have the deficiency supplied-whether
by loans, or taxes, or issues of Treasury notes.
The gentleman shakes his head at this last alterna-
tive; he seems to eschew the Treasury notes. If
so, we hall be together that point; fr a Trea-
sury note issue is to me worse than loans or taxes
The gentleman would not tell his resource-whe-
iher to borrow or to lay duties; but, without the be
nefit of a declaration from him, I believe I am suf-
ficiently acquainted with his alternative. I believe
I can name it for him. I think I have heard enough
upon this Ioor to be able to name it. It is a tax
upon luxuries--upon silks and wines-Dpon French

silks and French wines-which is intended to sup-
ply the place of the land revenue. This is the re-
sort and the resource. He hopes to make his tax
palatable by la3 ing it on luxuries. Bat lht me say
to the Senator, that, in point of unconstitutionality,
there is no difference between taxes on luxuries and
on necessaries. The point of expediency is op'n
between them; but in coni-itu auihi.rity there
is no difference. It i; jist a ,t; nc nihtuiional to
lay taxes upon silks and wices, for the sake of
raising revenue for the States, as it would be to
raise the same revenue by a tax on sugar and salt.
As to the expediency of doing so, that is another
question. When revenue is needed for a constitu-
tional object, a luxury presents itself as a proper
subject for taxation; but when it is not needed, a
tax upon any thing is unconstitutional. As to
French wines and French kilks, a systematic
effort has been going on for some time, to
have them taxed. To any one who will
look at the table of the importation of these
articles for a few years past, a reason may be seen
for the efforts whi'h are made out of doors to sub-
ject them to future duty. The importations have
been immense-sufficient to supply the c untry for
two or three years to come, and the effect of a
lax would be to enrich present holders, not to re-
p!enish the Treasury. Present holders of silks
and wines would add tle duty to the price of the
articles imported free of duty; new importerscouil
not contend with thrni; for they m ght be under-
,old, anui ruined; and thus a tax upon silks and
wiaes, while enriching individuals who have been
accumulating these articles, woul I add but little for
some tim- to the Trasumy receipts. The only
effect would be to enrich individual-, and injure
commerce, without material immediate benefit to
iheTreasury. The importations would be diminish-
ed until the present stocks were sold off; this dimi.
nation would be an injury to commerce and navi-
gation-an injury to Southern commerce and to
Northern navigation. The injury would fall upon
the South and West-upon Southern and Western
cotton and tobacco. Large quantities of these ar-
ticles go to France. Nine pounds out of ten of the
foreign cotton which she consumes, and four
pounds out of five of the foreign tobacco which she
uses, go from the United States; and how does she
pay for them? Like other nations-in her pro-
ducts; and these products are chiefly silks and
wines. Diminish the import of these silks and
wines, and you diminish the export of cotton and
tobacco, and besides dry up, or lessen one of the
sources for obtaining spec e. For these silks and
wines, received in return for tobacco and cotton,
are many of them exported from this country-car-
ried to foreign countries-to the West Indies,
Mexico, South America-there to be exchanged
for specie, or valuable productions; and thus be-
come the means of supplying us with money, while
giving double employment to cur navigation.
Mr. B. said it was an easy business to lay taxes;
it required but little capacity, or knowledge, or
thought, to draw up an act to lay so much per
centum on the importation of a foreign article; but
there was something else which eas not quite so
easry--which required judgment, knowledge,
thought, It was to trace the workings of that tax
;'i its multiplied consequences-.through its
ftir-cl on agriculture, on commerce, on navigation,
and on the present pursuits of individuals. I do
not profess to be able so to trace the operation of
our taxes; but I can say that I have the annual
document of our commerce and navigation for
twenty years back-that I keep it at my room in
this city-and that not for show, bat for use. I
study it from time to time, and endeavor to follow,
and to understand, the vast subject of our foreign
commerce, its connection and dependence on aeri-
culture, and the effect of legislation in relation to
it; and I am now ready to say, that let this ques-
tion of taxing silks and wines-French silks and
French wines--(for these are the kinds often men-
tioned, and always intended;) let this question
come when it may. I shall hold myself ready to
prove a tax on silks and wines to be a tax on
Southern and Western productions-on Southern
and Western agriculture-on Southern and Western
cotton and tobacco. All that I have to say at this time
is, that if this tax is to be laid for a necessary and a
constitutional purpose, the people of the South and
the West will be ready to pay it; but if proposed to
be laid for an unconstitutional and unnecessary pur-
pose-for the purpose of raising money, either di-
rectly or indirectly, to be given to the States, and
chiefly to the States which raise no cotton or tobac-
co-then I say that they ought to resist the propo-
sition-ought to oppose the tax by the united voice
of their delegations in Congress, and should sum-
mon their brethren in every part of the Union to
desist from a measure fraught with ruin to the
Constitution, and injury to the one-half of the
The Senator from Kentucky [Mr. CaTTENDEcN]
is pleased to remember an expression which I used
some days ago, and which was only a repetition of
what I said four years ago, when the distribution of
public money among the State' was first proposed
in this chamber. He remarked upin my expres-
sion that if the States once began to lap that blood,
they would, in the end, prefer it to all other food,
and suck it until the last drop was drawn away.
I certainly said it, and not merely a few days ago,
bpt four years ago. I used the metaphor, coarse,
but strong; and I used words in their literal sense at
the same time. I said if the States once brgan to
receive supplies of money from the Federal Trea-
sury, they would go on to supply themselves from
that source, until the Federal Government was
stripped of its property and its money, and left in
the helpless and defeuceless condition of the old
Confederation, dependent upon the States for its
support, and destined to die of inanition. I said
then that the deposit with the States was a distri-
bution-that not a dollar of it would ever come
back to the Federal Treasury-that from dividing
surplus revenue, we should come to the division of
that which was net surplus-that the States would
take what they wanted, and let the Federal Go-
vernment supply itself as it could-that the public
defences, and all the proper objects of Federal ex-
penditure, would be stinted and sacrificed, that the
money might be taken to be divided among the
States. This is what I said four years ago; and
short as the time has been, we have seen it more
than realized. The twenty-seven millions depo-
sited with the States until needed for the uses of
the Federal Government, have been needed, are
now needed, and cannot be had. They are gone
forever! The public man is not in existence who
dares to call for it, or any part of it. lven those
who reproached me for saying it would not be re-
turned, cannot venture to ask its return; and if they
did, they would be told it could not be paid-that
the States, far from being able to refund what they
had received, were compelled by their necessi-
ties to call upon us for more! The pub
lie defences have almost disappeared from
public view. I endeavored for some time to make
a stand upon this point; I endeavored to rouse the
Senate and the country to the necessity of attend-
ing to the public defences. With what effect?
None, but to make myself an object of derision !
to be literally laughed at, and cried down under
the clamors for distribution 1 My worthy col-
league [Dr. LINN] now ventures to mention it
again, as a proper direction to be given to the pub-
lic land revenue: he makes the proposition as the
antagonist of distribution: the friends of distribu-
tion will overwhelm his proposition. Sir, I saw
and foretold many evils from the commencement
of this distribution policy; but I did not foresee all
the evils of it. Things have taken place already
which my imagination, gloomy as it was, and bod-
ing evil as it did, could not foresee. I did not fcre-
s-e that, in six short months after the first deposit
bill passed, a second one should be offered, and not

oaly offered, but saddled, contrary to all parlia-
mentary rule-contrary to all fair legislation-upon
a bill of a totally different character-upon a forti-
fication bill, which was actually sunk and lost un-
der the foreign and unnatural load. I did not
foresee this in June, 1836, when I declaimed
against the evils of the distribution scheme; but I
did see it in January, 1837, when it actually hap-
pened Neither did I foresee an accusation of
fraud against the United States for not depositing
nine millions more, when she had nothing to depo-
site or to use, and was driven to the issue of Trea-
sury notes for her daily support. Neither did I
foresee the motion of this day-the motion of the
Senator from Kentucky to make distribution of the
land revenue at a time when the Federal Treasury
was in want of every dollar which the lands, and
the'customs, and every other source of revenue
can bring to it. I did not foresee these things; but
they have happened. They have come upon us;
and they confirm me in my original opinion, that
this distribution policy is the most fatal step ever
yet taken in onr Government. It brings the States
ispun us for their supplies; it makes them look to us
for all the money which they want; anti they have
ihe power io take what they plea-e. The Union
has no Senators or Representatves ia Congres.s;
the.e lunctinaries belong to the Staies. In every
question between the Staies and the Union, the
delegation of every State must take part with is
own State. Demand what the States please, and
they muot have it. First, surplus revenue; then

the public lands; then current revenue; then
taxes laid for their benefit; then loans mad,-
for them, credit stretched for them, and debts
assumed to .t-lain Ihem We mest all vo'e
the wishes ('f our Siatic, or give place 1o the e
who will do it. There will be none to defend the
Union-none to project i s exL-Lence-none to fl.rm
a life guard ar-unI her. The Presidirnti iS the only
part of the legi.-lative power which is elec'ed by th'
Union, and responsible to the whr.l- Union. H-
has a negative voice upon our legislation, and is
peculiarly bound to exercise that voice when the
safety of the Union i4 en.latgrced by ,he encroach-
ment of the States. He, anti he a, n., is the re-
presentative of the Union. fHi veto power ba-
lances two-:hirds of the two Houses; and as the
representative of the Union, he should use it when
the Union is cnrlangered. e have had one
President to do this-one President to prevent the
passage of a land distribution bill-and to protect
the property of the Union from the seizure of the
Sates. We have had one to do it; and for doing
it, we hear him daily denounced by those to whom
the late elections have transferred all power. We
have had one President to discharge his duty to tht
Union which elected him; he is denounced for it;
and according to all that we can see and hear, we
are net to have another for four years to come
at least. Sir, the danger is reversed. Formerly
the States were in danger from the Federal Go-
vernment; now the Federal Governm(nt is in dan-
ger from the States. It is now a moneyed, and not
a political action, which creates the danger. Th'
encroachment of the Federal Government upon
the Slates was political; that (,f the State. upon the
FeJeral Govt rment is pecuniary. The S ates go
for the men:y, and for the property of the Federal
G, government. They help themselves to i ; they
take what th-y please. No veto power is now to,
arrest theicir arm. Twenty-'ix States fasten them-
'selves upon the bosom of thie Federal Govein-
ment; they hang themselves upon every vein and
artery which circulates life-blood through her body.
How long will itbe before they sutck her dry, and
leave her dead?
Mr. B. touched again upon the public defenses.
He lamented the loss of the twenty-seven milli( ns
which had gone to the States, and which had been
to them what a prize drawn in a lottery is to a
thoughtless young man-the mere incentive to ex-
travagances, which lead to debt and misery.
Every State is worse off since she received this
money. The Union has lost it fri.m the defences,
and to the Slates which received it, it. has been a
carse. More than that: it has destroyed all
thoughts of national defence! Banished all idea
of fortifications, armories, foundries, steam ship.,
and the whole armor of defence. The cry for dis-
tribution stifles the voice of patriotism; and in do-
ing so, invites the foreir n powers to intrude and
trample upon us. The nation, like the man,
which will not use its means for defence, invites
aggression. It invites insult, depredation, outrage,
war. This is enough for me to .ay at th's time.
I will not give to the general remark an individual
application. I have forborne to speak of the boun-
dary question, so often agitated here, and which I
consider as nothing but one link in a chain of
question%. Though a Senator for twenty years,
and this question a prominent theme the whole
time, I have forborne to speak upon it. I have sat
silent, and observant, while all sides of the cham-
ber were eager to speak out. Why have I done
this? Because I had no opinions? Certainly not;
for I have never been without a decided opinion.
Because I was afraid to avow it? Nit at all. I
have no reason to be afraid of my countrymen,
and still less of foreigners. Why, then, not speak
out? Because the public mind is net ripe for the
reception of my sentiments! because the public ear
is not ready to hear them It would be nonsense
to speak my sentiments on the English questions-
I will not limit myself to the boundary question-
but speak in the plural; it would be idte for me, in
the present state of the public mind, to speak out.
We must await the progress o events. In the
mean time, I shall take the liberty to say that Con-
gress is inviting asgresion by neglecting defence.
and crippling ih! Union lhy surrendering its money
and its property to the States.
We have jilt had one humiliation, said Mr. B
and we do not want another. We have seen what
no Government has experienced before. It was
believed that the degradation of Governments had
reached their lowest point, when a company of
English merchants were seen in Asia dethroning
princes for the balance of an account, and seizing
kingdoms in payment of a note of hand. The ima-
gination ol7 Sheridan and Burke could conceive
nothing beyond that; thlie magnificent oriental dra-
ma of the trial of Warren Hastings could pre-
sent nothing beyond it. But we have seen something
beyond it. We have seen the election of an Ameri-
can President made a stockjobbing operation on
the London Exchange, We have seen English
bankers and money dealers "turning their attention
to the internet politics of America," and "t'ing a
change of the Aomerican Executive," in order that
stocks might rise, and themselves pocket per cen-
teurns on the American securities which they held!
We have seen this; and it seems to me that, to have
the "change of the American President,' converted
in'p a stockjobbing operation on the London Ex-
change, is to reach a point of humiliation which
no Government has ever seen before.
Mr. CRITTENDEN. The Senator has based
his whole reply to my remarks on the assumption
that the States do not possess the "right to demand
o! the General Government a distribution of the
proceeds of their common estate in the public
lands. I went on the assumption that they have
that right. That is not denied, and has not been
disproved. True, the money has to pass through
the Treasury, but still it is their money. This point
the Senator has not touched; everything has been
argued but the principal point in the argument, on
which all the rest hangs and turns.
The honorable gentleman, in his concluding re-
marks, made a very extraordinary assertion in-
deed. Alluding to the late Presidential election,
and the influence of foreigners in this country, he
ascribed the change in the Executive Administra.
tion of this Government to the bankers and stock-
jobbers in England and in this country. Can thu
be possible? Sure I am that, if such an influence
does exist, it has' not reached the part of the coun-
try where I reside; nor can it have operated where
the honorable Senator himself lives, as the vote of
his State for Marin Van Boren conclusive proves.
It is not at that end of ihe Union, then; and I am
sure it is nut in ihe centre: where, then, is this
dangerous and irresistible influence which has
revolutionized our whole party history? Where,
I ask, has it boen at work? Here are collected
representatives of every portion of the entire
Union; to each Senator I put the .|itltue.n. Was it
your Sta'e whose vote has been contrr'llil by the
trickling, stockjobbing capitalists of Europe?
Which of the States is it that lies under this foel
stigma? Or is it branded on the forehead of the
whole American people? Is this entire Republic to
be considered as justly charged with this dishonor?
Is it true that the two or three millions of voters
who constitute that majority whose votes have
brought in a new Administration, have been influ-
enced, swayed, bought up with foreign money?-
the meanest and basest of all influences, Where
is the evidence that fixes a blot like this to the
American name? F'r myself and my constituents,
for the noble and beloved State I represent in part
on this floor, I put the charge far from me. If
there has been such an influence at work, it has
not been among us. No one man 6f the twenty-
six thousand majority of votes cast in Kentucky
for General Harrison has acted, as I in my soul

believe, from any such base, unworthy, degrading
influence. Loth I am to believe that any free-born
American citizen has acted so unworthily of his
name and his birthright. And again I asi, where
is.the proof of it? Does the Senator believe that
proof to be found in a correspondence between an
agent in the State of Missouri and some financier-
ing gentleman in England?
Mr. BENTO.. A director of the Bank of Eng-
Mr. CRITTENDEN. Well; a director of the
Bank of Eiad'an.I, with respect to the sale of a
portion of M,f,,c.ut stock? Is that what the Sena-
tor relies on? The agent here writes to his cor-
respondent in England as to the influence likely to
be exerted by public events in this country on the
price of American stocks. Is there any thing ,o
wonderful-any thing so "monstrous," so "out-
rageous" in this? Can any thing be more natural,
more in course, than such a correspondence on
such a subject? Suppose, instead of *peaklin, of
the price of stocks, he had, been writing about the
probable price of cotton, might he not have re-
ferred to a probable change in our financial system
as likely to affect that article of trade? Does not every
body know that the very slightest change in public
affairs has ari effect on the commercial world, and
immediately affects the state of prices in the mar-
ket? And why should not this be mentioned in
regard to stocks as well as any thing else for sale
in the market? That is allAte proof I have heard
in support of this mighty charge about British
stockjobbing influence in American elections.

Mr. BENTON. Not the lenth, not the hundreth
part of the proof.
Mr. CRI ITENDEN. No: I will tell the hono-
rable Sena'or what has pitduced this astounding
political change. The gentleman shall not escape
from the argniment-from a fact so notorious. It
would irndcdi be but a melancholy consolation to
the gentleman and uhis trend,, to ascribe their de-
feat to the dishonor of their native country. Were
I in their situation, sooner than can't a stigma like
this on the land of my nitiivity, and on so large, so
vast a majority of my c.,ur,r3 nirn, I would admit
that my party had mismanaged public affairs, or
that at least the people thought they had; or, some-
how or other, their had lost the public confidence.
Never, never since the foundation of the Govern-
ment, did so many American freemen cast their
votes with one sp, cial and specific understanding
as to the grounds of their united c.,-n. That is
my opinion. The resnit of the late election is not
the effect of British gold, but the sense of the Ame-
rican people as to the management of their public
affairs, publicly and palpably expressed. Let not
gentlemen attempt to get out of the position in
which that election has placed tlun by stigma-
tizing the people of the Unilt-] SS,:) 1c wi h corrup-
tion. No, no: this exprsion of'opinion comes from
-he 11 t,-nurn II. -put-lican :-mrl ,-hocet up theGo-
verrimnitn iit i a sF.nrk frc-oin ilit,' t i. Revolutionary
flint, and it has lilnn the geriilemn sky high. Let
themnot, now tiI i they base reached iheground, and
arerubbing their L rut-el ani brokenn limbs, try iodis-
guise from themselves lhe truih a' to what hurt
them. Strange indeed woul.-i it be, could the magic
wand c-f British gold be applieI mu produce such a
result. All the natural causes, on that sul-ject,
seem to point the other way. We might expect
that Kings and Presidents, who try to be, and to
live, like King;r. feel a natural -yiiraihy with each
other. They i,) not seek to put Jdown the throne
to rai-ce the ciotitage. If the real truth could be
come at to ile matter, I verily believe that there
was more fr.reign sympathy wi h the reigning Pre-
sident than with his plain, humble, Republicanup-
ponrtent. There is not a Stant,, n.i, ncor a county,
through this wide Uni,-.n, that was swajed in is
late vote by any influence from the London Ex-
change. Gentlemen are s.i.lly piuzztled to account
for the result. Some .i/, "Oh, it wai all the woik
of British gold !" Oih,-rs -ay, "Ii was nothing but
the senseless cry about I cabin and hard cider."
All sorts of devices are u:c.l ti >diguie a fact so
appalling. Some say it uas a I ;he elleci of coon.
skins. And one ver' dt..ineiunhed, intellectual,
argumentative Senator a..nrrJ us that, if lihe prin-
ciples of the Whig party were to le carried out,
they would lead only to thi-, that we should pull
down this magnificent Capitol, the proud hall of
American ', audt build in it' place a log ca-
bin hunground withcoon-skins Bit ihe gentlemen
do not, or will not, understand what they 'ee. It is
no cry about log cabins or hard cider that has thus
moved, as one man, almost the whole American
people. It was oineihing greater, higher, deeper.
I know that the e lecii.n ol' William Henry Harri-
son i- to 'lie politician. a -.iumbiine llok, and to the
Van Buren men fooiishnei; but to any unbiassed,
candid, intelligent observer, I, must appear to be
the wisdom and the power of a great people. I can
tell the gentlemen that it is not so very politic to
sneer at log cabins. They are the emblem, he
vitib'e type, of the p .-wer of the people. Long will
it continue to be dear lu them a; a remem'rancer
of the fact that they were awoe, by the p-aceiul fiat
of their will, to take the man they loved Ifrom a log
cabin, and set him i7 he palace c-f their dominion.
It is the practical, visible, taneible symbol of their
power-which may God preserve! Think you to
win their favor by treating it with and derision?
You forced it on u: by jour taurMs; ,ou laughed at
our candidate as thb, inma'c ofa cabin; and you have
seen, and you now feel, the effect of your own wil;
and, if I am not very much mimiatmen, you will
never need another leton to teach you the danger
of sneering at log cabin*. The people are coming,
on the 4th of March, to hox:, you what it is to sit
your foot upon themni. Tney ar. bringing the man
of the log cabin, and ihey mean to place him in
yonder White H-oue. You puzze your heads
sadly to account for it; but we w,1 work out the
sum for you.
Mr. BENTON rose again initmcdiattly after
Mr. CRITTEDEMN, and said that he had again
failed at the point of intelligitility-had again
failed in the only quality which he aspired to in
public speaking-hj.l again failed in the humble
effort ot trying to be undertool. The Senator
from Kentucky mistook him. He had Dnt attri-
Sbuted lh.' result of rbe lale Presidential eteeation to
any one cau'e, much lessI to the sole interference of
British bankers He spoke of t-c ,lJr[adation to
-which we were 'ubj.-cied wh a thec money deal-
ers had the audacity to inicmrtere II Iur Presidential
electio-i in order to rate ihe price of ihemi stocks.
It was the d-sgrace mI the int-ttfrenee i.f which he
spoke, and not the effcu of the iri(.r. frence. The Se-
nator from Kentucky was mistaken in supposing
that he had attributed the result in every State to
the interferenceof the London money dealers. He
(Mr.,B.) knew very well what Le hhad .aid; and
what he had said he was able to piovre, and meant
to do it on a proper occaslob: He had the dvi-
dence on band, and that not merely in the Huth
letter, and in the London high Tc.ry papers, butI
in more formal and considerate productions. I
said that the change of the American Execuiive
had been made a stockjobbing operation on the
Lond< n Exchange-that English money dealers had
interfered in our election, and interfered for the
purpose of raising the price of stocks-for the pur-
pose of Enabl;ng the-n to pocket per ceritums. Tiis
is what I -aid. I was Fpeaking of national dis-
grace, and- not cfl'eleciion results. Doubtless ihese
i cictnerc-.niibtumcd much to that result; but I
have never aitrouiel the Wholt to them. I ascribe
the result to many causes; but sincee 'he official
returns. hare come in, I confess the result is, 10to
nie, inmco'mprehrn-.:ble. The-.e re urns show the
Den-iocratic eandidlaie to have been defeated afler
rtc.ivingan immense, andi almi-st incredible in-
crease of v-tc.s. Mr. Van Bur-n received, in
1840, no le-., 'hat 370,0010 voices more than he re-
ceivud in 1'i36, he received nearly dunble as many
as General Jar k'on ueceied at enher of hia elec-
tions; he wou
  • as vo-es equal t, the increase of Ihe who e voting
    populamurn; he ha-i received all IhiS, aul.I still he is
    defeated! Thi-, -ir, m' incomprehm-nsible to me.
    Perhals the Federal crnsus may ibhow some light
    on the enigma.
    The qursiion ne.w recurring*'on the amendment
    moved by Mr CAiusiLUN-
    Mr. CLAY o1 Kentucky rnmiinl.-d Ihe Senate
    that ithe auienelniernt c rmraie,I a blank which
    should b.e lille,| before lh- v.-te was laki n.
    Mr. CALIIOUN said he Iltt the b'ank to be
    filled by the Senate as i nitmiti t nk proper. If
    the amendment shi.-o:d preys-I, ine bla-k might be
    filled afterward'.
    Mr. CLAY of Alabama 'atI there was no need
    of fittmi ,e bank at tli moment.
    Mr. PRESTON said the proposition was one of
    imp--rtance, and he required a little time to reflect
    before he voted upon it; and he th'reutpon moved
    that the Senate adjourn.
    The motion prevailed, and
    Th- Senale adjourned.
    _.'-We arereequsedu u calm tne attention of
    our readers tc he advertisement, in another co-
    lhmn, of the Rcv.J. COVER r'S BALM OF LIFE
    -which, as we are informed, has become one of
    the most celebrated temedies now in use for the
    ASTHMA, WHOOPING COUGH, and all dis-
    eases of the LUNGS AND WINDPIPE. It is

    also highly recommended a' a r-medy for DYS-
    Judging from ili num,:rou: te;-iimnonals which
    we have teen in the circulars ir, the hands of the
    venders,we sht-.uld th.rik 1t we:l rr rtEd the con-
    fidence cflihe public, and eipp'ially i hc aitentio I
    of all invalids. Among the rerinfirates we see the
    names of some of the mn.i diitr,.i-nrhed gentlemen
    an-1 cl-reym.-n ofi our cunitfy.
    Thi. melicine may b-. had c.f mt-st of the Drug-
    gists in the District ofl' Columbia, and throughout
    the country, where circulars may be had giatis.
    Nov 36-d4m
    SINVALIDS,-and e-pecially atl persons ?uF-
    fering from DYSPEPSIA, LIVER COM
    PLAINT, orany di.eac ol ihe t BO. ELS, are
    informed that they may otitain almost rertai n relief
    from the use of Dr. Ph'lps's COM'IPOUND TIO.
    MATO PILLS, which may lie had of most of the
    Druggists in the District of Columbia, as well ae
    throughout the country'. Ac. an ordinary PAMILY
    PHYSIC they are believed to b. uniquatlied; being
    mitd in their operation, anrid pfirtitcy safe. They
    have been extensively parr-nized and rEcommend-
    ed by Physicians, Cirrsymen, anrd other, whose
    testimonials, &e. may be seen by application to
    any of the agents.
    "., See Dr. Phelps's advertisement in another
    panr o thi, paper. Nov 28-d4m
    IN RS PARItEt. navig just received the very
    J laie-I French Plales, tis n.w ready to have
    oxecumed all kinds of Millenery in the nealest alt l
    mBost fashionable style.


    Tl'ST.-y, January 21, 1-41.
    Mr. SMITH ol Indiara pW.riL(t.d a memorial of
    citizens of Indiana, pra)itri Cc'nrei. to take mea-
    sures for ih-' re,.-pniiniori ot if-e independence ol
    Hayti, and the c t'ili hm.-.n of commercial re-
    lationq %jibh ihat Rrptbl c
    Mr. S. also presented a memorial of citizens ot
    Indiana, praying such an amendment to the Cun-
    stitution a4 1u make white freemen the basis of re-
    The quei.--.n of r,'ceiving these memorials, was,
    On m h.%.i, t'. ;L'VIER, laid on the table.
    Mr. BUCI.LN.tN presented the memorial of
    D. W. Prescott, praying that the duly on certain
    goods destroyed by flie r-:ay be relunded; which
    was referred to th' Committne'on Finance.
    Mr. MERRICK present ed th- following memo-
    rial signed by'a large number of the citizens of
    To Ilat llonotiabli the Senate and Howse if Represen-
    ative: :
    The uaderiir: r,,l citiz -ne of the United Statev, in-
    habitants of tile city of Wa hiuw't. t, beg leave
    respectfully to protest against ie [ r in i;
    present shape, or the bill now be...rc tbe Seriie,
    entitled "a boLl to nm-n.i and cont nue in force the
    act to ineorp'.ra e ih., inhabitants of the City of
    Wa.hingiwui," 1 .. I-cauee it to give the
    right c iulftfiar- it ,ill persons, with ri j...l' .
    Iron oiher lhan a r-elve mon'h's :, ii ai.l
    with no protection against fraudulent voting by pre-
    vious reeiirv, and other runflleent safeguards: 21.
    Because it prpses to maLe all persons -il ,.' to
    theMayoralIty and ,- the C...ards of Aldermen and
    Common C'.uncil, wi h--it any p:'pert1 q I.tliiJc I-
    lion, or other stakeor in iere:L in the city ihan minere
    residence; ihus, in an incoporai-..n f prr-perivy,
    placing the power ol taxation, and 1he property of
    the fixed and permanent inhabitani rof h'he c'yv, at
    the dtipomal and mercy of those wh.i have n.-.inirg
    themselves, an.i are ti'en mere birdsof passage:
    3d Bfcau-e it p.r- pozs to submit the appoint-
    ment or maeitrat( aiid other police officers, to
    popular election, with no checks on them, no re-;iy, n.' r. -wer of removal for t-l,- .rndlut
    ur delinqtter.ct, nn-I no corrective vi, iiire-rer
    of thoze toniirval. r; of the peace and order of
    the city, other than what is furnished by the said
    popular election: And because the said bill does
    Dot contain, as it ought, various powers andi provi-
    sions which experience under the existing charter
    has shown to be necessary and proper for tie better
    protectiun of property, ard the better preservation
    of public order. For these reasons, (and for otihrs
    which might be urged, but wi h which it is not
    necessary to trouble your honorable bodies, a3
    these are insuperable and -ffictfrt,) the under-
    signed respectfully pray that ithe ail bill may not
    pass into a law, and that no other may be passed
    which has not the assent and conference of the
    people of Wa hiao't.n, for whose government the
    act is designed, and whose wishes, tt is presumed,
    ought therefore to oe consulted.
    The memorial was read, and ordered to be
    Mr. HUBBARD, from the. Committee on
    Claims, repvrt-d a bill for the relief of Andrew J.
    Johnson and Samuel M. Love; which was read,
    and ordered to a second reading.
    Mr. MERRICK, from the Committee on
    ClIime, reprtr, a bill for the relief of the heirs of
    Robert Fultior; which was read, and ordered to a
    second ierd.nig
    On motion by Mr LINN, the bill supplementa-
    ry to an act entit'ed "An act to amend an act for
    the appointment oif commissioners to adjust the
    claims to resetraii i. of land under the treaty of
    1S3t0 with the .v Indians," was taken up,
    and recommitted o10 the Committee on Private
    Land Claim
    Mr. MERRICK pr.-.'rie I 'e memorial of a
    number ol ciliz rei.- i PI' tiri -r.-'_ county, Ma-
    ryiAn., engaged in ih.' pla-ti r, and cultivation of
    tobacco, praying the adoption of measures by the
    General Gwvrnnrtri.,. for'the purpose of relieving
    their staple froi the burdensome duties imposed in
    foreign coumnries.
    Mr. M. acrcompanied thepresentation of the me-
    morial with som- remarks, which were replied to
    by Mr, CALHOUN,when,without taking the ques-
    tion on its reference, the Senate passed to the con-
    sideration of the special order-the
    The bLJ u tesiallih a pernma0eei rio peciive pre-
    empri-rn system, in favor oat s.elters c., the public
    lands,who stall inhabit and cultivate the iarme, and
    rat-c a lo,-cabin the', cn',w;,s taL-r, up, and having
    been lead through, [lie queSiitOn being on the mo-
    lion of Mr. CnirrEFrQiDL 10 reromirit -h.! bill, wi'h
    instruction to rnprri a bill four ine i intlbution of
    the proceeds ofl the salesc of the public larind among
    the Sinte-.
    Mr. MANGUM addressed the Senate at much
    length in opposition to the bill, and in favor of the
    Mr. BENTON followed, confining his remarks
    principally to the estatliahment of the fact of
    foreign interference in the recent Presidential elec-
    Mr. TALLMADGE replt.l, and
    On motiin by Mr. CRITrENDEN,
    The Senat- adjourned.

    Turrntv, Jani.ary 26, 1841.
    Mr. TILLINGIIAST, i-.n leave, from the Com-
    mitlee on Mainufaciure r.:ported a bill to repeal
    so much of the art erntiitile-i "An act, to alter andi
    amend the several acts imposing dnties on ins-
    poris," approved July lj,, 1832, as exempts pins
    of foreign manufacture firru the payment of duti"f;
    and proposes to .-ibjrci te-uni, wten imported, after
    the lirst day of April teX, .to a duty of twenty per
    cent. ad valorent.
    The bill was rrad a firit and ',c.-ii I iMac, and
    committed i1 a C.,nimnuc.. of the'Wh-...i en the
    state of the IJnit,,n..
    Mr. POPE a.f-d the ciisent of the Hruse to
    present the res.hliitrjn, tol he Lrci:lajt, of Ken-
    tucky, on the suhjeci ol the liulilic lands, etc.
    that they might tie on the ta!le, ani be printed.
    Objection being male,
    Mr. POPE mo~ed it upendd the rules for that
    purpose; but the moitun was negatived.
    On motionbf Mr. J. W. JONES, the House re-
    solved itqelf into a C.umnnitmee of the Whole on the
    tatue of the Union, Mr. C.. tyin the Chair, and re-
    sumed the constderaiitn ot the bill authorizing the
    issue of Gy, mrilti' ns.r.f
    Mr. DUNCAN l.etin. entitled t i the floor, re-
    named his remark tront yesterday in favor of the
    bill, and in rtp'y ti the niimerous charges of the
    oppontion again-i thie financial policy of the Ad-
    minnstrari-on. With th'-. v-,.., he took a review of
    ih' of thr corrupt trait acvi.ns of the United States
    Bank,arid fled to act as judges against the present party in
    Mr. D. then at somc Ilnith went into an exami-
    Bation at the bankrupt sy,-iem tn general, and the
    exclusive prtvileges and -upetor alvantrges which
    aoch tmcorpi-rated irin.stiutin.s po.-eased over indi-
    viduals. He i nied that the Utl aaLing system was
    the offspring of ,he D -mocr tilt party, a'id in proof
    thereof referred to the voLe taken at tite i.1-t session
    on the bill for re-chatifring ihe Di-itiLt Banks.
    The record woulId show that bhe DLem,.ratio patty
    in the Hou e refut.or in gr.snt a renewal of the
    chartes Wiih the u.ual privtilege', unlc.s tii,.e

    banks would fir't pay iheirJ debt-.
    In the cuure uof hts re-narks, Mr. D. intimated
    that by way of il:uitr.aiitng his arguments inrela-
    lion to the Whip,, Le hadl aleh the ib r ny of call-
    ing upon h1, .,.
    Several nwcmter" desired that the poe-ry rmght
    be read.
    Mr. bUNCAN %aid n,. it would not do; for were
    he to a'tempt to read nt ihet.: he would be called to
    crder. Be-idei, the po-irsy was to be sung.
    A member de. ired to h nuv if it-would be ian order
    to have the poetry surne. It so, he should desire it.
    Mr. DUNCAN coultl not oblige the gentleman;
    but they would Fee the pi-etry in print, when his
    remarks were pubilihc.l. Eat ho had n* objection
    to inform their that iLte pt, try was set to the tune
    Borilm Camile.
    Before concludire, Mr. D. adverted to a letter
    from Mr. K-lly, A lich aptpieared in the National
    Intelligence ..mne Ii a-,-., denying that General
    Harrison had refiu,:d 1. cit e pledges, etc Mr. D.
    produce.] evilcnce fr,.,a an authentic source,
    showing that the iatrnimrnts of said letter were not
    true, all which w'ilI be giren when the speech shall
    be published ir. full
    Ihen Mr. DUNCAN had finished his remarks,
    he read trI m the Intelligencer the foiio% inrg, as re-
    ported in that paper:
    "Mr. W. C. Joints-.,N suhmitted to ili Chair
    whether it was in orler f..r an nidividdal to charge
    General Harrisc'n with c,,wardice, who had himself
    been branded as a cowar I on thi-,s flooil?"
    hispaper was put in his hand a moment '-el ore

    he commenced speaaking. He had dl.-'fefr.l- saying
    any thing ou the subject until he -hrould-I tinih
    hib remarks. exprecting thai some denial would
    be made, or sime correction of the report
    ordered. But thatl n-i being ,done, he de-
    nouncfl 1it. author (poin'inz to Mr. WM. COST
    'JioiNO',) a base liar. a contemptible puppy, a
    scoundtil, and an infamous coward. Now', sir,
    a .1 Mr D. I heir I n, ra-t of the matter so re-
    pO.rtd, a. aphtid tu miynlIt; and I ask the chair-
    anin, w-ho wv-,s necrer to Mi Ju.,l-..'N, i. whether or
    n,-i he heard the -,-. exprems himi irl
    The chanitman IMNr C'..i rELL] r,.pr.J.'i that
    he heard no such remark.
    Tnteii,:,al Mr. D. if a'dl at all it mu-t have
    been muttered, and not .',.eIl heard.
    Mr. JOHNSON roe it-au.I *ni he was correctly
    reported. He had made the remark, and justi-
    fied it. He read a part of a speech which purport-
    ed to have been delivered in support of the resolu-
    tion whnch hal been introduced to expel Mr. D. for
    the publication ot certain letters, posting certain
    members therein named. Mr. J. made some other
    remarks in justification.
    Mr. I UNCAN said that resolution and
    its support was founde- in ba~e cowardice.
    It was manufactured, nas he was informed,
    and had reason to believe, in a cancus;
    and the objects was to relieve tha membcr
    posted in the said letters from disgrace, whsch they
    had not the courage to relieve themselvs fiom.
    When the resolution was introduc-d, it was inti-
    mated that the publication of the.r.e letters was
    postponed until afier the passage (fithe law against
    duoline. As soon as, that in.timaaion was uttered,
    Mr. D. said he prsi.ounced the man who im-
    puted such a motive to him, a ba'e soundrel
    and a liar. The member from Kentucky,
    [Mr. MENtpFs'] intimated the same; hIe, too,
    said Mr. D. I .pointed out instantly, and prr-
    nounced a contemptible scoundrel, and told
    him that the duelling law only operated
    over ten miles square; and in ten or twelve
    -hu.rt lays we would be out of these ten miles
    ,-liarp, and any gentleman who felt himself ag-
    grieved, might call on him: he should be mti,
    and have such redr s- as he might hav- the
    courage to ask. Mr. D. disclaimed having
    charged General Harrison with cowa-dice, in
    any remark he had made; he had presented no fact
    et statement but what the political history of the
    country and of ithe lat war warrntel anid sustain-
    ed.- Tnoc who heard him. andi tlhooc who mitrht
    read him, could draw. their own conclusionst. And
    to conclude, once'for all, said Mr. D. 1 repeat and
    fix upon the member [Mr. JunssON'] the charge" I
    made upon him. He is welcome to make the best
    of it.
    Mr. DAVIS of Kentucky nextobtained the floor,
    and went into an examinat on of the estimates sub-
    mitred by the Secretary of the Treasury; conend-
    ing that, at the c'oe ef 1841, there would be a de-
    ficit of ten millions of dollars, and tlhat it was the
    the duty of Congrese to make more ample provi-
    sion for the present year than had yet been pro-
    posed. Mr. D. spoke at some length in favor of
    fortifyir g the country, and increasing the stitenglt
    of the navy, &c. and concluded by expressing his
    that the amendmenatof Mr. BARNAao (to tix wines,
    silks, etc.) was Ihe best means yet proposed for
    raising the nece sary revenue to carry on the
    operations of theGovernment for the present year.
    The commi tee then rose, reported progress, and
    asked leave to sit again.
    Mr. CRABB, on leave, presented the preamble
    and resoluii s of the Legi!slature of the Slate of
    Alabama, protesting against the revival of a pro-
    tective tatiff; which were laid en the table, and or-
    dered to be printed.
    Mr. C. also asked leave to present a memorial
    Iha, i.- reference to claims for military services.
    But objection being made,
    Mr. C. moved to nsuspend the rules.
    Pending which motion,
    The House adjourned.

    Third nighlit ol' Mr. BCOTH.
    On WEDNESDAY, January 27, 1841,
    Will be acted
    Bertram Mr. Booth.
    After eihich the
    Doors open 4 before 7, and commence A past 7.

    TION--The public are most respccttully
    informed that those as'.oni,-,hint, performers on the
    Harp, Concertina and Violin, the Masters
    HUGHES, wi!l give a CONCERT at Carusi's Sa-
    loon on Ttinr -Ii ., r.,fir:. January 28th, to com-
    mence at half past 7 o'clock.. Tickets $1 each;
    children half price; or five tickets for $3. For
    ftJthn'r r'ui'-,.ar s'e ihaidbills.
    J,:,t '2,,- ->

    NATURE.-Messrs. MOORE & WARD
    have the honor to inform the ladies and gentlemen
    ,-f Wa'.hini:t,,i cily, that they propose to remain at
    Urtitw'. H-i. I for a few days, where they will 1,e
    prepared to take Dr.,,i rr.-.,ip.' likenesses in a su-
    perior style, which being the reflected forms of the
    objects themselves, far surpass in fidelity of ret em-
    blance, any thing which can be accomplished by
    the e3e and hand of the artist.
    Likenesses by diffused light, can be taken by
    them in any kind of weather, during the day time,
    and sitters are not by this kind of liht subjected to
    "iuc-, ,]ihtiit I incitnvenience, or unpleasant sensa-
    tions, as has often proved the case, in attempts by
    others, to obtain miniatures by -the Daguerreo-
    Persons wishing to perpetuate the true resem-
    blance of themselves or friends, have now an oppor-
    tunity of doing so, at a very moderate expense, and
    are Y,, p',r.iiuuly invited to call and examine for
    hl n.-:.I'c. Jan. 26--o2w

    KOHAUS & CO. (A-. ni,:) importers of French
    Goods fiom New York, have the honor to in-
    form the ladies that they have just received from
    Paris, and opened a sp'endid assortment of the new-
    eat style of Lace and Muslin Embroideries, Blonde
    Pelerimes, go'd and silver Laces,, Berthe Scarf.,
    Veils, Caps of every kind, Flowers, Feathers, Ball
    Dresses and Coiffures, assorted Fond de Maltes
    and imitation Laces, Jewellery and fancy articles
    in great variety, &c.
    At Mrs. JANE TAYLOR'S, over F. LACY'S
    Shoe Store, six houses east of Gadsby's Hotel.
    Jan 26-Glv
    variety of Hull's Trusses sold and applied
    at C. H. JAMES'S Drug Store.
    Dr. HULL'S RADICAL CoRta TRossEs, a recent in-
    ventiou, aud his AsnoMirNan, Surto'aTER, a ladies'
    truss, received ihe gold medal from the American
    Institute, in October last, and were reported by the
    usiedical commission of that body as "entirely su-
    perior to all other trusses in use." It is the only
    truss patronized by the medical profession gent-
    rally. AMOS G. HULL & Co. New York.
    Jan. 26-2m

    C ass No. 2.
    To be drawn in Baltimore on Thursday, 28th

    100 prizes of $1,000 are lu, 11111,.
    Besides many smaller prizes, amounting in all to
    Whole Tickets 5., shares in proportion.
    For which, apply to
    JAS. PHALEN & CO. Aesenw,
    Penn. Ave. near 4A street.
    Don't forget that the capital prize of $10,000, in
    the above lottery, Class No. I, drawn January 16,
    was sold by J. Phalen & Co. Jan. '25-3t
    V31 KEY, GRAPES, BUTrER, &c. &e.-
    On Wednesday next, the 27th instant, at 12 o'clock
    im. we shall sell at public auction, positively, the
    following articles just received from the North:
    1 pipe Holland Gin and 4 barrels Peach Brandy
    5 half pipes Cognac and Champagne Brandy
    5 quarter casks French Madeira Wine, good
    3 casks Winter and Fall Lamp Oil
    15 barrels Monongahela Whiskey, first proof
    5 do do do fourth do
    34 quarter kegs Grapes and 17 small pui Grape-
    30 baskets Champaene Wines, various brands
    20 firkins Glades Butter, for bakers
    3 dozen Alicant Ma's, with many ih..-r articles
    in the grocery line
    Will be added, b7 request-
    I quarter cask superior M ilmsey Madeira Wine
    3 eigh'hs of Madeira arn.l- 3 bales Feathers
    Terms: All sums of and under -.425.- cash, over
    $25, a creditof 4 months, for nie saisfaciortly E. DYER & CO.
    Js 26--l2t Auctioneers.


    TUESDAY EVENING'JAN. 26, 1841.

    Tha Hon. W. W. WICK, we regret to learn, has
    been confined to his room, for the last three days,
    by serious illness. His frequent absence from the
    House, during the present session, has been occa
    signed by precarious health.

    TtIs COMPANY.-M.r. Clay's sieeceh sinsl the Bank
    (f the United Stales in 1811.
    The whole context is full of instruction as to
    present movements. We therefore give it:
    "The power of a nation is said (continued Mr.
    CLAY) to con ist in the sword and the purse.
    T .e specie circulation of the United States is esti-
    mu ted by some calculators at I ,I1.1tm i111,11, and if it
    be no more, one moisety is .11 tie %.ritiit of this
    Banir. May nut the tim, arrive when the
    concentration of such a vast portion of the
    cireu'-'iric medium of the country in the
    ,l,: L.I any corporation, will be dangerous
    to our libtrfics? *By whim is this inmilnse
    power wielded? By a body who, in derogation ot
    the great priuc-ple of all our institutions, responsi-
    bility to the people, ii amenable only to a few
    stockholders, and they ehiefly foreigners. Suppoe
    an attempt to subvert this Governmeat-wou d not
    thle traitor first aim by force or corruption to ac-
    quire the treasure of this company? Look at it in
    another aspect. Seven-tenths of this capital are in
    he hands of foreigners, and these foreigners chiefly
    Enrlti subjects ; but we are possibly on the eve of
    a t u p i i e with that nation. Should such an event od-
    cur, do you apprehend that thie EnAlish Premier
    would experience any difficteul y in obtaining an en-
    tire control of this institution? Republics above all
    other nations ought most studiou ly to guard against
    foreign influence. .81i history proves that the infernal
    dissensiine rixci'eJ by foreign inti iues htve produced
    the oxwf ill o/ almostt vr-y free GovernmntIt that has
    h.iterio-existeid, arl ypt tteiltemen contend that te a -e
    beefied byli the possess.i a of thisfireign capital?"
    What a contrast does this present with Mr.
    CLAY'S present course?
    Mr. CLAY, whIn a Democrat, relied upon the
    honest, unbiassed feeling of the people fsr support.
    HIe then denounced the National Bank, and all the
    corrupt f1 ie.'ii influence associated with it, as dan-
    gerous to the p-rmanency of our free and pure in-
    stitutions. HIe then declared that all power is "'ie
    solvable into that of tie purse," and repelled it as
    threatening the worst of despotisms to hig country.
    With this avo-wal recorded, so honestly and
    proudly made whsn in the early da;;s of his un-
    tainted political virtue and patriotism, be stood
    up for the rights of the multitude against
    the corrupt inlluerice of moneyed classes-
    with what a premeditated and openly admitted
    abandonment of true Republican principles does
    he appear the champion of every sordid, selfish
    scheme, calculated to enlist the mercenary, and mo-
    ney-mongerin?, speculating classes in his support.
    All his plans look to the distribution of treasure and
    epnils, to bin them together as a standing
    army, to carry measures in detail against the prin-
    ciples of our Government, and the interests of what
    may be considered the unembodied militia of the
    country. The banking classes-the joint stock
    capitalists-the stockjobbing and speculating tribes
    -are the disciplined corps that seek to resolve
    all government into the power of the purse. By
    subjecting the Governments, b 'th State and Na-
    tional, under the yoke of debts, and the people neces-
    sarily under the yoke of taxes, it follows that the
    credit system gantry-who become creditors by
    lending their paper and credit in the semblance of-
    money-become in fact the masters of the Govern-
    ment and the people. To these interests, although
    once denounced by Mr. CLAY as utterly repugnant
    to free Government, when assuming a political as-
    pect, he lhas for years devoted all his efforts to give
    the preponderance.
    His present scheme of distribution, is, how ever
    disguised, in effect to take the public domain from
    the Government of the Union, to which it was
    given by compact anti the Contstitution, to those
    money mongering classes. To withdraw it from
    the National Treasury, and divide it among
    the States, is directly reversing the disposi-
    tion made of it by the Constitution. But this
    is in fact but a deception. The design of the
    surrender, is to make over ilth public lands to
    the foreign, holders of the State bonds a; a real es-
    tate fund, to which those creditors may look for
    the deficiencies of the interest which the State taxa.
    tion shall not supply. And what is the result of
    The case of Maryland, as set forth by her able
    andl honest Governor, afbfords an example. Thv
    interest on her bonds next year will be about six
    hundred thousand dollars-her share of the pro-
    ceeds of the public lands about eighty thousand
    dollars. The distribution of the proceeds will not
    pay one-sixth part of the interest due from this
    State, and its condition, we think, is about a fair ave-
    rage of the indebtedness of the States generally. It
    is evident that th, whole public domain will not, at
    the rates at which it heretofore has sold, pay more
    than the sixth part of the interest on the present
    amount of State debts. The holders of these State
    debts, through the banks and their other agents
    and emissaries whom they will send among us,
    will take care, like other mortgageestto buy in
    this real estate at the annual sales, and hold it up
    for higher prices, under their private management.
    The nid ol'this system will b- to invest the fee
    simple of the whole public domain in the hands d
    the holders of State scrip, to pay which it will be
    sold, and the land of the new States, instead of be-
    ing disposed of under the fostering policy of the
    General Government, will in fact become the pro-
    perty of great non-resident capitalist", who will
    tenant it, or sell it out only at the highest prices,
    when a great increase of population shall increase
    the demand for it.
    Antl will the new States acquiesce in a palpa-
    ble violation of the Constitution, which shall trans-
    fer their dearest interest tram the management of
    the parental Government, to whom it belongs, to the
    foreign mercenary and aristocratic classes? If the
    United States thus in effect surrender the right of

    domain, will not the sovereign States within which
    the lands lie, insist that their own natural right
    springs up and excludes all other foreign intrusion,
    under whatever specious disguise it may be as-
    Mr. CLAY but a few days since insisted that the
    present Congress should do nothing touching any im-
    portant, permanent policy. He said that this had
    been superseded by anew administration, and a new
    majority returned by .the people; that the results of
    the census, which ought to be taken into conside-
    ration, and have its weight in the making of all laws
    which were to i(fleet the whole country, ought to
    be known. We are astonished that this suggestion,
    coming from himself, should have no influence on
    his conduct. He urges his distribution bill, by
    apr. ali to the old States pressed with debts,
    while they have more than their due share
    of representation in Congress, and would sacri-
    fice the dearest and most en-luring inter-'i.-
    of the n'w Stales, before they are admitted to 1hi
    easily increased repe.eniation to which he well
    inows the late census will ent;ile them. Fie would
    have the oldi Sta'es treat the new as the mother
    country did the colonies-sactifice their rights as
    a ftee people, by di-posing of Uiemin in violation of

    the Constitution, and when they were virtually de-
    prived of the exercise of that right which only could
    give thesemb ance of jusuficeation to an unconati-
    tutional act--the rihit of being heard by the full
    representation to which their number. entitle them.
    He disregards all the considerations growing ocut ui
    this circumstance, which he was the firt o1. notice
    and would now oppres, the new States, beloie lhe)
    can bring halfl it'ir ireneth tnto the contest, ,-y a
    great and final trmea-are affecting them prospecti.:--
    ly and forever.

    IDNSTITTr,-Mr. Clay has been arguing in the
    Senate against foreigners being allonu.] to settle on
    the public land's of the UnitedStatei.
    Among the amendments to the United States
    Constitution, proposed by theHartford C.vetiii, ..n
    in .1814, was this:
    "No person who shall hereafter be naturalized,
    shall be eligible as a member of the Senate or
    House of Representatives, nor capable of holding
    any civil office under the United States."
    IZ' One of the principal measures of "reform,"
    avowed by the Federal party that has elected Gen.
    Hlarrison, is to render the President ineligible after
    one teim.
    The Hartford Convention, in 1814, proposed the
    following amendment of the Constitution:
    4 1rhe same person shall not be elected President
    of the United States a second time, nor shall the
    Piesdent be elected from he arn-e State two terms
    in snccesaion."-Boston Post.
    NoTE.-Another of the prominent recommenda-
    tions cf the Hartford Convention was to prevent
    slave representation in the South.
    How much like Abolition!

    Governor REED'S message, from which we make
    an extract, contains important information in rela-
    tion to the Florida war. It explains the causes of
    the arrearages due to the Florida militia, and fur-
    nish's other facts which ought to be known to Con
    gress, while legislating in regard to the condition of
    that Territory.

    Felliw citizens of the
    Legislative Council of Florida:
    Upon coming into office, I was struck with the
    defericeless situation of the country and the grow-
    ing audacity of the enemy, and very soon perceived
    the interposition -of the Territorial authority was
    necessary for tBe protection of the settlements,
    atong a line extending from St. Andrews Bay to St.
    Augustine. The means within my control were
    very limited, but the determination was formed to
    exert them to the utmost. Relying upon the justice
    of the General Government to sustain what should
    be done to prevent the incursions of the enemy,
    and the horrors that ever accompany them, the Ex-
    ecutive proceeded, under several acts of the Le-
    gi'lative Council, to borrow money, and raise such
    a force as was required by the object in view.
    There was no difficulty in obtaining the service of
    volunteers: a patriotic and valorous spirit urged
    more men into the field than could be accepted, and
    instead of .ix hundred men, to which the force on
    this side the Suwannee amounted, as many thou-
    sand might have been easily obtained Tne volun-
    teers brought into service and officered, under exist-
    ing Territorial laws, were tendered to the United
    Slates General then in command, under the hope
    they would be received by him, and the Territory
    released from the trouble and expense of retaining
    such a force. The General declined, however,
    to accept them; and it then became a question of
    deep solicitude with me, whether they should "ot
    be immediately discharged, and a sole reliance
    placed upon the military operations of tie
    United States. Advice and counsel were re-
    sorted to, from tho-e who better underst ,od the
    geography of the country and were better arquaini-
    ed with the exposed situation of the settlements tnan
    myself, and the conviction was forced upon me,
    that if the militia were discharged, the county would
    be at the mercy of the enemy. The war of posts
    then carrying on, had produced no good result, and
    it was obvious, under that system, more men were
    required to keep the Indians in check, than the ar-
    my of the United States, and the militia of the
    Territory could furnish. The six hundred men
    were retained therefore, on this side of the Suwan-
    nee-and though th-i Indians made their appear-
    rance sometimes on the frontier, anl lives and pro-
    perty were lost, yet it is confidently believed there
    has been less of murder and devastation for the
    last twelve months, than has occurred during any
    one year since the commencement of the war.
    This assertion is not made in an arrogant and self-
    sufficient spirit; the credit is due to Col. Bailey who
    commanded the forces; to Colonel Blackburn-the
    brave officers and men who served under them-
    and to the indefatigable and energetic Colonel Col-
    lins, who occupied the head of the Quartermas-
    ter's Department. For nearly eight months,
    these troops were employed in guarding the per-
    sons and property of our citizens, or in pursuing
    the enemy, and the hardships they endured without
    murmuring, the Indians captured and slain, and
    the camps broken up and destroyed, stamped upon
    then a character for fileiLty, valor and subordina-
    tion,such as any volunteers, in any country, might be
    proud to bear. It soon became obvious that the
    Eastern District needed a protection, which, owing
    to the expiration of enlistments and of the term of
    service of a regiment of volunteers, could not be
    afforded by the regular army. The Commanding
    G:-neral called upon the Executive for five compa
    nie- of footmen-orders were issued to the proper
    officers to cause them to be levied; but it was im-
    practicable; they could not be obtained by volun-
    tary enlistment, and a draft would have been tfol-
    lowed by inextricable embarrassments. Four com-
    panies of horsemen were therefore ordered into the
    Terri'orial service; two of them west of the St.
    Johns, and two east of that river. There was
    some difficulty in keeping up this force,-from the
    want of funds; for the loins to the Territory had,
    with the exception of a single draft upon the North,
    been in Union money, which is almost valueless in
    East Florida. These measures, it affords me plea-
    sure to say, have been approved by the Secretary
    at War, who at first ordered a regiment of volun-
    teers into the service of the United States, and sub-
    si-equently a brigade, receiving the Territorial
    dronps as a portion of the same, and giving me
    assurances that these should receive pay from the
    time of entering the Territorial service, and that
    the just claims of our citizens for forage and sub-
    '.istpnce, would be allowed by the Department.
    At this moment, these pledges are in the course of
    fulfllment; officers of the army are in Middle and
    East Florida collecting the claims and putting them
    in a train for payment, and it is not considered
    questionable, lhat our troops will be paid for their
    services, and the debt contracted to support the
    war, by the Executive, discharged, both principal
    and interest. It was with rehrsrtance a resort was
    had to the mode of raising money by bends, but
    there was no alternative-the statute prescribed the
    security to be given, and a stern necessity required
    the money. There is a wide difference between
    bonds for the defence of the people, and bonds in
    aid of moneyed corporations. I thought then as I
    think now: the country must be defended, and
    forms and even doctrines are but a "feather in the 1

    scale," when weighed against imminent danger to
    the lives and property of our citizens. It is a
    source of gratification to know, that up to the mo-
    ment when the Territorial troops were transferred
    to the United States service, every thing had been
    done that could be done by the Executive to defend
    and protect the people of Florida; and every thing
    is now doing: the brigade under Brigadier General
    Read will, it is supposed, soon be in a state of perfect
    organization, and the army under Gen. Armistead is
    reported to be engaged in an active warfare against
    the enemy. The scheme of posts is understood to
    be abandoned, except as depots and places of refuge
    for the sick and wounded, and defensive and
    offensive operations, are, in a great degree, wisely
    separated, and placed in different hands. It seems
    to me, however, that these services should be alto-
    gether distinct; to the militia of the country, its de-
    fence should be entrusted, while to a strong army,
    composed of regulars and volunteers, should be
    given in charge, the pur'uilt, capture, and destruc-
    tion of the Indians. Under the present plan, the
    service, so far as the volunteers are cotncerned,
    might be rendered more efficient, by providing I,
    with a Commissariat and Surgical Department of
    its own; by extending the term of service to twelve
    ni.-iih or during the war, and by the multiplica-
    lion ot mustering officers, to be posted [at cone.
    nient positions. The termiof enlistment being only
    -hree month', a regiment, or brigade, is 5circely in
    ser ce before it Li discharged, and vexations
    and delays occur in musteriag in and oui of ser-
    vice. Indeed, considering the nature of the strug-
    gle in which we are involved, (one much more ar-
    duouv, tbonrh the numbers we brvc to contend

    - with arecomparatively few, than if we were war-
    I ring against hcris c .f civilized met,) ih- Fede-
    ral Gi/oernmce it w(uld more certainly com.
    mand 4scr,s, by ricreantiag the pay of the ar-
    my or Fir,,da, miti l.y offering a bounty in lands
    r., It :h oilihers ari-I unerp, at the conclusion of the
    ,ar It al.-i appT-ir- to me thatsome plan shoul.l
    I.,: i--rnt.: i..r ithe ,-:tilement ofthe,t'-land;
    mttti be civen it, ihr-.e ho willocrupy uite:r, n.d
    ai-t.a'i-- n1...r ibis p ,rpose, famrnished with arms
    al rid a.n ti tlihe G'vernnent until thelr labors
    can otiia i mrini th.? .-oil a sufficient support to
    di pens": wiih th la i. Money should not be an
    ot.jte,, in -...tipar ....n with the absolute necessity of
    subduing and removing the ravages-to effect
    which, the United States are bound by every obli-
    gation which their own honor, and justice to this
    unfortunate T nri,-ir, can impose.
    With the view of making it useful in, the present
    war, an attempt has been.imade to organize the
    militia; the orders for that purpose accompanying
    this message. I regret to say but little has been
    done, in coimpiance with them. Perhaps the dis-
    tractions and embarrassments belonging to the
    times, have interfered to prevent the proper action,
    on the part of the officers commanding the miitia;
    but my efforts shall not be relaxed-Florida, it is
    evident, from her position upon the map of the
    United States, required, more than any other por-
    tion (if the Union, an effective militia. In foreign
    wars she will Le easily assailed from wtithut-and
    should the Abolitionists c.,tmet ito entertain their
    vile visions, and tress their -. r,.. :i ii schemes-
    she will be most vulnerable ioitir. Ai,, amnend-
    ment of the militia laks by you, v. ill .? h artily
    concurred in by me; it seems to me that such laws
    should be clear, explicit and praclica6'e; the per-
    plexity of details, some times defeats the most salu
    tary measures.
    There is abundant authority in the existing laws
    to enable the Executive, and even subordinate ofi
    cars, to call out the militia in caser of emergency,
    and this authority has been several times exercised
    by me. Upon a late occasion in East Florida,
    when the volunteers were engaged in a distant
    scout, and Coacoochee and his banditti murdered
    several United States soldiers, and sacked a planta-
    tion within two miles of the most ancient city in
    the Union, Brigadier General Hernandez was or-
    dered to bring the militia into the field; before the
    order could be complied with, the volunteers re-
    turned, ihe Indians departed, and it was counter-
    manded. iWhienever the n''y exists, I shall
    not fail to call upon the people to protect them-
    selves, with the full belief that the General Govern.
    meant will support me in every measure proper to
    be resorted to for the purpose of averting a threat-
    ening or impending danger.
    Our settlement. are scattered; it is impossible to
    place an armed force at every man's door. Citi-
    zens who select i emote and exposed situations,
    must endeavor to protect themselves. This can
    only be done by supplying themselves with arms,
    and using them fearlessly; when a crisis arrives. It
    is known by experience,that one determined man can
    defend himself, from a house, against many Indians.
    There is another defence which is too often neglect-
    ed. The Indians, emboldened by their good for-
    tune, not only attack houses in solitary places, but
    often appear in thickly settled neighborhoods; every
    homestead should be, in fact, a castle-and pali-
    sades or pickets be thrown around every dwelling.
    Carefulness and a cautious preparation would pre-
    vent many a massacre by the eneioy.
    Injustice would be done to my own feelings, and
    to thie truth of the case, were I not to say, that
    since I have been in office, the Presidtnt of the
    United States, and the' Secretary of War, have ma-
    nifested every dispo ition to promote and advance
    the interests of this Territory-especially has the
    war with the Indians been a subject of deep con-
    cern wi:h them. It is very easy to complain of
    those in authority, and to heap obloquy and
    reproach upon the army of the United Slates;
    but, lault finding is often err neou-, and the ac-
    cusations of malice and invective any thing but
    truth. If the Administration has at any time erred,
    it is because it, agents upon the sput have been
    waiting in soundn-ss ofjudgm(nt, aitid conveyed to
    it injudimcious speculations It the army has been
    at any time remiss, it is becauseopportuniies have
    not been afforded of proving how deeply it is im-
    bued with patriotism and the love of glory. Of
    both regulars and volunteers now in the field, it is
    but justice to say they appear to be most anxious
    to perform their duty, and to do good service to this
    country in her "bitter day."
    My own accounts of money borrowed and dis-
    bursed, are in a state of forwardness, and will soen
    be submitted to you: it is believed they will be
    found entirely correct. The Executive is proudly
    conscious of a steadfast zeal to perform its duty to
    the United States and to the people of Florida. It
    may not have possessed the ability to carry out ius
    wishes; but public calamity and domestic affliction
    have not been permitted to interfere with incessant
    efforts to shield the country from a ruthless foe, and
    to advance its prosperity.

    From the Pittsfietld (Mass.) Sun.
    With heartfelt sorrow we record th-e death of one
    of the purest, the best, and moet worthy of men-
    JOHN LELAND, of Cheshiri--!he patriot and
    divine, a distinguished advocate of civil and reli-
    gicus freedom.
    The melancholy event occurredil at North Adams,
    at tihe house of David Darling, E-q. on Thursday,
    January 14, at half past eleven o'clock, p. m. The
    illness of Mr. Leland was brief. Six days prior to
    his death he deliver 1 an excellent discour e in that
    '.i.l -'. and, when summoned by the grimn mes-en-
    ger, was engaged in the work of his Hfeavenly
    Ma'.ter, which had been so long his del-ght.
    Mr. Leland was born at Grafton, in Worcester
    county, on the 14th of May, 1754, and at the time
    of his decease was eighty-six years and eight
    months old. He was gathered to the grave in the
    ripeness of years and alter a long andt useful life.
    The deceased removed into Cheshire in Februa-
    ry, 1792, where, with the exception of sixteen
    years passed in New Ashford, hlie has principally
    resided ever since. He commenced preaching in
    1774. In 1775 he went to Virgiuia, where he re-
    matted for most of the time until 1790, when he
    returned to New England. He was married in
    1776, Septemnber 30th, and his wire preceded him
    to the grave in 1837, October 5th, after living with
    him in marriage sixty-one years, and left more than
    one hundred and fifty living descendants.
    In November, 1801, Mr. Leland visited the seat
    of Government, in behalf of the Detmoerat; of
    Cheshire, and presented to his warm and ardent
    friend, Presadent Jefferson, the celebrated mammoth
    Mr. Leland was a firm and decided pa'riot.
    Schooled in the Revolution, h' partook in an uin-
    common d -grec of the spirit whizh actuated the
    men who pledged their all in the service of their
    country, and through whose more than Spartan
    energies our Independence was secured. His ac-
    quaintance with the history of the Republic was
    full and ample-gained without the aid of books-
    and no one was ever more ready and willing to im-
    part his knowledge to others.
    During his residence in Virginia, Mr. L. became
    intimately aeqainted wi-h the great exemplars of
    the Democratic creed-Mr. Jefferson and Mr. Ma-
    dison-with whom he corresponded while they
    lived; and it is this fact, perhaps, which gave him
    such an unwavering faith in the capacity of man
    for self-government, and the extensive influence he
    possessed-an influence he exerted most beneficial-

    ly, and which will hereafter be referred to by. his
    friends with feelings of regard and veneration.
    The,iirisiraiions of Jefferson, Madison, Jack-
    son and Van Buren, met his cordial approval, as
    numerous communications from his pen, published
    in our columns( and to whichte we might refer,
    abundantly testily.
    When the senior Editor of this journal com-
    menced the publication of the Sun, more than forty
    years since, no one rendered him more efficient aid
    than did Mr. Leland. Through his kind exertions
    the circulation of the paper was increased, and his
    pen was always prompt to assist in the promotion
    and furtherance of the great and fundamental prin-
    ciples we have constantly and fearlessly aimed to
    The friendship so long since begun was never
    for a moment impaired; and it has been a matter of
    satisfaction to us to know that the political course
    of the Sun met with his constant approval. This
    fact will remain a gratifying reminiscence to us;
    and though we shall no longer have the benefit of
    the personal aid of the deceased, the bright exam-
    ple he has left will continue to cheer and sustain,
    and to urge tqzeal and activity in :he glI.ri-..u' work
    in which we are enlisted.
    The efforts of Mr. Leland as a divine, have been
    great-were Herculean. No man, probably, ever
    labored more zealously in the holy calling; and the
    sincerity of his religious faith, none v-ho knew the
    individual would ever question. On the 17th of
    August, 1834, the number of persons he had bap-
    tized-as we learn by a work from his pen-
    amounted to 1,524; and many more were subse-
    quently added to the list.
    On the 14th of January, 1825, he wrote: "I have

    Reached in 436 meeting hc.uses, 37 couri-hc-uses,
    several capitols,. many academies and schooll
    houses, barns, tobacco houses, and dwelting-hou'e-,
    and many hundreds of limes on ,rar-es in the i.pen
    air. Not the place, but ihe presence 01o Chir., ant
    a right temper of mind, makes preaching solemnly
    easy and prcfiable. My crgrurai,:,n have con-
    siStied o from five hearers tii ier, ,hut-in.-.
    '-Sinte I began to preach, in 1774, 1 have travel-
    led distances whrch, together, would form a girdle
    nearly sufficient to go round the terraqueous globe
    three times. The number of sermons which I have
    preached is not far from 8,000. The number of
    Baptist ministers whom I have p-rsonally known
    is 96?. Those of whom I have heard preach, in
    number, make 303. Those who have died (whose
    deaths I have heard of) amount to 300. The
    number that have vitited me at my house is 207.
    The pamphlets which I have written, that have
    been published, are about 30.
    "We hope that an extended notice of the life and
    .'ervccs of Mr. Leland will soon appear, fiom the
    pen of some person ful'y conversant with his his;-
    toiy. The writings of the deceased, if collected,
    would form an interesting and instructive volume
    The funeral of Mr. Leland wAs attended on
    Sunday, at Cheshire, by a large number of mourn-
    ing relatives and friend,. It was matter of regret
    to us that thie storm should have prevented so many
    front this Eection from fulfilling their intenimion of
    uniting in the payment of thie lau office of kindness
    to one so much beloved, and whose departure is so
    deeply regretted.
    Said the deceased, in th work to which we have
    allud-d-"If my friends think best to rear a Ittile
    monument over my body, "Hlere lies the body of
    JOHF.V LELAND, who laburel----* years to prouitte
    piety, ard vindicate tire civil and srtliaicus rights of
    almten," i-.the sentence which I wish to be engraved
    ep itn it."
    The wish will be complied w:tb; but in the hearts
    of the Democracy of this R'public-of the friends
    of civil and religious freedom-a monument, im-
    perishable as time, ih already reared to the memory
    of JoH0t LELAND.

    *It is now (1831) 57 years.

    From the Baltimore American.
    January 14, 1841.
    A fire broke out yesterday about 2 p. min. in the
    house adjoining the office of the New Orleans
    Courier, and immediately opposite the office of the
    Bee. One dwelling house was completely de-
    stroyed, and two others, including the residence of
    the proprietor of the Courier, considerably injured.
    Hal the fire occurred at night, oue of the most
    valuable squares in the city would have undoubt-
    edly been consumed. It was the work of incen-
    diarism, as the building in which it originated was
    By the arrival of the steamship Naichez, papers
    from Havana were received to the 9ih inst. There
    is nothing special in them except the confirmation
    of the loss of the British steamer Argyle, which
    sailed from Vera Cnr z with a party of pleasure
    some weeks since, and was driven by a violent
    norther on a reef, and totally wrecked. All the
    persons on board were saved except two.
    The news from Mex co is to the 8th ult -from
    the Capital to the 1t. A mist tremendous ht:ri-
    cane had been felt along the southi-rn coast of
    Mexico, by which a tract ot country, 23 leagues in
    legith, and 7 in width was completely devastated.
    Corn, Sugar Cane, Palm teices, and rven vegetables
    were completely swept away The inhabianis
    were destitute of food, and a famine was feared
    unless speedy succor should arrive.

    HAVANa.-Late accounts from Havana state
    that a new Governor has been 'appointed by the
    Spanish Government, for the Island of Cuba. Gen
    Valdeii takes the place of the Prince rof Anglona
    [Balt. Republican

    FATAL d.cciDt.NT -A lad named William R iach,
    as kiil ed by a wall telling upon hum, corner ot
    Lombard and Calvert streets. Tne wall was left
    standing by some workmen, who were engaged-in
    tearing down some eld buildings. Some of the
    men narrowly escaped the fate of the poor boy.
    [Baltimore Republican.

    Tia MAILS.-We were about to blow away on
    the subject of the non-receipt of our Southern ex-
    changes, but we received yesterday morning some-
    thing less than a cart load of papers, in one of
    which we find the following which explains the
    cause of delay:-"The rains continuetrofall heavi-
    ly, and the roads in every direction must be very
    bad."-Baltimore Republican.

    TuBt ELnnDiOE JuRY.-One of the jurors having
    applied to be >i ditr.' I on account of mindispoi
    lion, tvwo-physicians -ere requested to examine into
    ihe state of his health, who reported that he was
    ab!e to bear further confinement. The jury, of
    course, was continued.-Batlti:tore Repubtil can.

    GENERAL HARRISON.-We learn from the Cn-
    ciunati Republicau that General Harrison is to set
    out for Washington city to-day, the 26th. He is
    to go to Pittsburgh in the newsteanmboat Benjamin
    Franklin. Let our Whig friends bL on the alert,
    or the "knowing ones" will get the -tart of them.
    [Baltimtre Republican.

    ActtriTTIL.-Cap'ain Meekin of the schooner
    Time, from Elizabeth city, Norh Carolina, who
    was arrested and committed in Savannah, a short
    time since, has been tried for the offence before the
    Supreme Court, Judge Henry presiding, and hono-
    rably acquitted. Two of the crew, named Win.
    Hooper and S. Pew, committed at the same time,
    have not yet been tried.-Baltimore Republican.

    EscAPED.-The celebrated Dr. Hineshas effected
    his escape, in company with another prisoner, from
    the Baton Rouge Penitentiary.-Bah. Republic.

    TExAs.-According to the New Orleans Courier
    the accounts from Matamoras received there, con-
    tradict the report from the capitol of Texas, that
    several detachments of the Mexican army were on
    their march to Bexar and Gtliad Tee e last re-
    pirts render it more probable that the Mexican Go-
    vernment will accept the mediation -f England,
    and patch up a peace with the Texans.
    [Baltimore R'publican.
    ThE AFRIUaN SQUaDaR N.--We learn, says the
    New Yoret Herald, "that the United States armed
    brig Dolphin,- of ten guns, Commn nder Chas. II.
    Bell, sails today for Liberia and ihe coast of Af-
    rica, to take her station with the United States
    schooanr Grampue, Lreut. Coin. Paine, who is now
    there. The recent impudent seizures of American
    merchant vessels by British cruisers are not o be
    borne any longer, and accordingly the Government
    has hurried off the Dolphin with fresh instructions
    to protect our commerce from further insult and ag-
    gression in rhat quarter."--Baltmsre Republican.

    RlsOMPTtONr.-The banks of this city have agreed
    to resume on the same day that those of1Vitginia
    do-the 1st of February. If our banks can re-
    sume on that day, why could they not have done so
    on the 15th instant, and thereby prevented the dis-
    grace of being forced to do that which they should
    have done of their own accord?-Baltsaore Reptrb.

    NUE.-By virtue of a deed of trust to me, dated
    the 9th June, 1839, for the piarp:.-e; therein men-
    tioned, I shall proceed to sell, at public auction, to
    the highest bidder, on Montday the 15A/ day of Febru-
    ary next at 4 o'clock p. m-All tnat part of Lot
    numbered 19, on square numbered 75, fronting on
    Pennsylvania avenue-beginning for tho same at
    the end of three feet measured from the northeast
    corner of said lot, and running thence westerly
    with said avenue 42 feet 9 inches, or thereabouts,
    to the property of William Wonrthineton; thence
    southerly with the east side of Worthington'sI
    ground to a 30-foot alley; thence easterly with said
    alley 42 feet 9 inches, or thereabouts; and thence
    northerly to the said avenue and place of beginning,
    with the dwelling houses and other improvements
    thereon, and all the rights, members, and appurte-
    nancees o the same belonging. The above proper-
    ty is immediately opposite the Six Buildinni, on
    Pennsylvania avenue, and very advantageously lo-
    cated for private residences, or for business.
    Terms-one-third cash; one-third in three, and one.
    third in six months, with interest.
    At the same time, I shall sell Lot No. 11, in
    square No. 75, frosting 58 feet on 221 street, by
    100 feet deep. This is a very desirable lot. Terms-
    three, six, nine, and twelve months, for notes satis-
    factorily endorsed, with interest.
    THOMAS SMITH, Trustee.
    E. DYER & CO. Auctionteer.
    aJan -'2l-3taw&3idbi

    TtMso&v, January "2f, 1'. l.
    Mr. MamNom having the floor, coniniel the de-
    bate, in the Senate to-day on the PRE-EMPTION BILL.
    He was glad, he said, of having, through the
    courtesy of the Senate, the further >ppornniiy of
    delivering his sentiments and opinion p-mn the
    subject under'sion, and particularly to re-
    fute1 the singular and ill-1fundd aszumptions of
    some of the advwcat, and defenders t.f -be law
    sought hereto te enacted. Mr. MANOLIM went at
    considerable length into an examination of the
    arguments adduced in support of the pre emption
    measure; (a measure to which he said he must
    ever interpose his feeble opposition;) but he
    more particularly and pointedly argued against the
    proposition of Mr. CALHOUN to cede the public
    lands to the States in which they lie, upon certain
    conditions, as the mpst threatening and dangerous
    to the nation of any great public measure ever
    brought before the American Copvre"s.
    He also took upon himself to deft n.i the cause
    6f his friend [Mr. WEBSTaR] in his vote in resist-
    ing the proposition tI raise an appririptioni for the
    defence of the country, introduced here some years
    since. An allusion had been made to what Mr.
    WsEaSTERa had then said about his intentions-that
    he wall sooner see the enemy of hi c.unlry battleing
    down the walls of the Capitol than give Iis vole for
    seti an appropriation; and Mr. MASGuM, in alluding
    to the reasons then operating in his own mind ofa.
    similar chaiactr, ,u ipr...e.-l h;s great regret that the
    declaration thus made had soon after been re-
    peated unddenounced in the other end of the Capi-
    tol, and that it had also been unfortunately intro-
    duced into this debate.
    After some father views in defence of the princi-
    ple of the distribution bill, Mr. MANGUM concluded,
    and Mr. BENTs'roN replied in one of the most wither-
    ing, convincing, matter-of-fact speeches ever before
    emanating from the giant intellect of that eminent
    and eloquent statesman. He referred to the very
    dangerous, the threatening, the increasing, and
    alarming influences of British stockjobbers, and
    other bankers, over the entire business affairs of
    this American Republic. He read from a book
    recently published in London. He called it the
    Doomsday Book, being' the survey by a London
    banker of all the property, all the stocks, and all
    the moneys, means, and effects cf the American
    people, to show how eagerly, watchfully, artfully,
    and cautiously, British capitalists and money bro-
    kers had fixed their inquiring and scrutinizing eye
    upon every measure and every moneyed movement
    on this side of the water.
    Mr. BENTON alo read a private letter from
    London banker to the directors of the Bank of
    Missouri; and, also, various extracts from the Lon-
    dn journals, showing, and most clearly demon-
    strating, the wanton and ridiculous interference of
    British bankers and London money agents in the
    politics and business of the people of this Ameri-
    can Union. These disclosures were truly startling,
    and Mr. BENTON enfo-csd his clear and conm-
    prehensive views upon the subject, wilh all
    that warmth and ability which he is known
    so eminently to possess in public discussion.
    He did not .top to repudiate thie mere id e notions
    o1 th' opponen's of the bill, but he waded into the
    very mist of the foreign instruments that had been
    put in active motion to pull doAn the present Ad-
    mmntstratuon, and to rear upon its tn ns a tremen-
    dous moneyed dynasty in this country. He fol-
    lowed up t he very severe end well placed blows of
    Mr. Ait LEN of Ohio, given 3' ,o u-;nr..- ih
    secret workings of the Bit'-h P.'thame,,T-ihe
    British nobility-the British press, and the British
    capiialists of E glaiJ, who had thrown over
    the people of this country the protecting care
    of their stockjobbers and bankers upon the
    London Exchainge-the guardian security of
    a Giovernmen that bad long had a maor!igaze upon
    an important portion of the means and Il-principles
    of the American p-ople. The disasirons influence
    (f such a tremendous and ovrah-lmning power-a
    power to control .ur election., to regulate our po-
    licy-to fix our opinions, and to put a price upon
    our property and effects, was such as to rally every
    friend of liberty to his country's standard, to repel
    the insidious workings of a spirit that was thus
    lurking and undermining our free institutions, and
    which would soon, if not restrained by the strong
    arm of the Government, plunge this continent into
    all the horrors of a moneyed despotism, of anarchy
    and confusion.
    When Mr. BrENTON had sat Wn, Mr. TALL-
    MADOS took the floor, and denoun,-et the attack oC
    ihe gln'iemtan from Missouri with4teat indigna-
    tion and vehemenee-adverting t) the past elec-
    tions and to the causes that led to the great result
    that had just terminated the contest.
    It being now 5 o'clock, on motion of Mr. CaiT-
    TENDEr, the Senate adjourned.
    Mr. DtUNCAN proceeded to conclude his remarks
    upon the Treasury note bill, and to assign at
    lcng'h the reasons that urged the adoption '
    of the measure desired as that temporary source
    of relief to the Government which the present
    condition of the public revenue demanded. Mr.
    DUNCAN wai not content to permit the broad and
    extravagant denunciations of the enemies of the
    Administration, which had been so abundantly
    poured down upon the head of the Scretary eC
    the Treasury and the Pre tIn', to escape a
    prompt anid m-rited correction and rebuke
    from their friends upon t',at floor. He
    referred, with greit emphasis, and with that
    spirit ot independence so well known to belong ta
    his character, to the vile slaniters of the opponents.
    of the Administration; to thiii r.',ineir-. used to
    idefitme and to prostrate it; to the past and present
    general prosperity of the Union; and to the existing
    state and conliiion of things from the accumulated
    oppressions of the'tcombined interests of stockjob-
    bers, British influence, and the ten thousand corpo-
    rate corruptions that had united in a mercenary
    war of conquest ever the freedom, the liberty and,
    happiness of the American people.
    ' Mr. DUtNcaN discu-sed generally, and at length,
    the provisions of the bill, and when he had con.
    clouded his speech upon all the points he intended
    to touch in his remarks, he made an allusion to a
    circumstance of an entirety personal character,in re-
    ference to ihe reported remark of a member from.
    Maryland, the particulars of which it is not neces-
    sary here to recapitulate.
    Mssrs. Davs and Pope of Kentucky each sub-
    sequently obtained the floor, the ferst of whom con-
    cluded his remarks. Mr. POPE will speak to-
    ABSTINENCE SOCIETY, wi 1 hold a meeting
    in the Fu'i,.d,' Chanel, to-morrow evening, (Wed-
    nesday,) a' 7 u'clock. Addresses will be delivered
    and several interesting questions discussed, Thie
    public are respectfully invited to attend.
    By order:
    CHARLES H. NOURSE, Secretary.
    January 26.

    cial meeting of the Association will be held at the
    Franklin engine house, on Thursday evening next,
    January 28, at 7 o'clock.
    The Hon. Mr. WELLnR, of O'uo, will deliver an
    Address on the principles of Dimocraly ia the
    course of the evening.
    The members of the Junior Democratic Associa-
    tion and citizens generally are respectfully invited

    JOHN WARD, President.
    C. W. C. fur NuroroN, Secretary.
    AS.-OCIATION.-A general meeting of this Asso-
    ciation wtl be held in St. Mattf-ew's Churbch, cor-
    ner of 15th and H streets, on Wtdnesday evening,
    27tb; at 6i o'clock, p.m. Punctual attendance of all
    the members from the City, Navy Yard, and
    Georgetown, is requested, as business ot impor-
    tance will be laid before the Association.
    By order of the President:
    Jan 25-2t J.A. CHYNCH, Sec'y.
    0'6O THE LADIES.-S. PARKER, having
    just returned from New York, will open on
    Tuesday, the 19th instant, an assortment ot French
    goods, per the the ship Duchess of Orleans, direct
    from Havre, consisting of-,
    The best kid Gloves, long and short, all co-
    Lace and nt do very richly embroidered
    Do Mitts do for the
    Figured and plain Bruseel, for evening dresses
    Turbans, Cap', &c. &c.
    An assortment of very rich articles, of the latest
    French pattern '
    Gold and Silver Cords and Tasseals for the
    Silk do do do
    A new style of Shell and Buffalo Sidecomb, a
    beautiful article
    One ease of French Perfumery, consisting f eq-
    tracts, soaps, oils f.-i the hair, &c.,
    'rine French Flowers.

    ,w -

    IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
    REN, President Of the United Statee of Am-ri-
    ca, do hereby declare and make known ihA'
    p public sales will be held At th- ui.dt,,enior, ed
    and offices, in the State of Artkansas, at the pe-
    riod, h, reinall ter designaied, to wit:
    At the land office at Helen., commencing on
    Monday, the rifeeaLth day ol February next, to
    thp disposal of the public lands within the limits of
    the nadermenuoned townships. to wit:
    Sotth ofthe ban line and west of the meiidion.
    The fractional sections twenty-nine, thirty,
    thirty-one, and thirty-two, in township eight, on
    the sutti ride of Arkansas river, of ratige oine.
    The fracltiounal bec tonus twenty-five, twenty-six,
    thtrly-five, and thinrty-six, on the south side of Ar-
    kan-as. ri-r, in townshtp eight, of range two.
    Township eigh'eeu, of range two.
    At the land i office at Lnttle Rock, commencing
    on Monday, the twenty-second of February next,
    for the di-po-al of the public lands within the
    limits of the underminentioned townships, t wit:
    South of the base line and west of the meridian.
    Towrn.h.p fourteen, of range even.
    Township two, of range eight.
    Tow n.hip three, of range nine.
    Aerth of the base line and west of the meridian.
    1 ownship seven, north of old Cherokee boun-
    dary, of range fifteen.
    At the land office at Batesville, commencing on
    Mon ay,the first day of March next, for the dis-
    posal .1 the public lands within the limits of the
    under entionedtownships, to wit:
    'ort of the base An and woist of the meridian.
    Tow- lhp eleven, of range thirteen.
    Town lip eleven, of range fourteen.
    At the and office at Johnson Cturt-house, com-
    mencing (a Monday, the eighth day of March
    next, for the disposal of the public lands within the
    limits of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
    .Mrth of the base line and west of the meridian.
    Townships eight and nine, of range eighteen.
    Townships eight and ten, of range nineteen.
    Township eight, of range twenty.
    Townships two and three, of range twenty-
    Townships three and five, of range twenty-three.
    Townships two, five and six, of range twenty-
    Townships six and seven, of range twenty-five.
    At the land office at Fayetteville, commencing
    on Monday, the,fifteenth day of March next, for
    the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
    the undermentioned townships, to wit:
    North of the base line and west of the meridian.
    Townships seventeen and eighteen, of range
    Township eighteen, of range twenty.
    At the lani office at Washington, commencing
    on Monday, the twenty-second day of March next,
    for the disposal of the public lands within the
    limits of township eleven south, of range thirty-
    two west.
    Lands appropriated by law, for the use of
    Schools, military, or other purposes, will be exclu-
    ded from sale.
    The sales will be kept open for two weeks, (un-
    less the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no long-
    er;, and no private entries of lands in the townships
    so offered, will be admitted until after the expira-
    tion of the two weeks.
    Given under my hand, at the city of Washing-
    ton, this fourth day of November, anno Domini
    By the President:
    JNO. M. MooRE,
    dIeting Commissioner of the General Land Offee.

    Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
    to land in any of the townships designated in this
    proclamation, in virtue of the provisions of the act
    of 22d June, 1838, as extended and modified by
    the act of 1st June, 1840, or of the provisions of
    the latter act granting certain privileges to another
    class of settlers, is requested to prove the same to
    the satisfaction of the Register and Receiver of the
    land office, and make payment therefore as soon as
    prwticable after seeing thil notice, and before the
    day appointed for the commencement of the pub-
    lic sale of the land as above designated; otherwise
    such claims will be forfeited.
    JNO. M. MOORE,
    Ading Commissioner f the General Land Office.
    Nov 5-lawtMarch2g
    * SLF MATO PILLS!-The vegetable remedy
    ) '-aB- at ising from Impurities of the Blood,
    Djyep .pia, -crotula, and all Chronic Diseases: al-
    so a .Rti-tluie lor Calomel as a Cathartic in Fe-
    vers, and all Bilious Affections.
    Thest Pills are no longer, if they ever were,
    am ,,tg those of doubtful utility. They have passed
    away o-m'in those that are daily launched upon the
    tide of etoeriment, and now stand before the pub
    lie as high i'i reputation, and extensively tmplosed
    in all parts of the United States, ihe Canada., and
    Texas, as any medicine ever prepared for the ielie-
    of suffering man. They have been extensively
    Trescrihed by the Medical Faculty wherever they
    have been introduced; and theie are but few town'
    that c nnot produce some remarkable cases ot
    tkeir curative effects. The numerous certificates
    which have been presented to the proprietor iron:
    professional men and others, evince in an extraor-
    dinary manner the extensive applicability of thi..
    remedy to diseases generally. Professional men,
    and those of sedentary habit., loudly applaud ihvir
    hygiene properties in obviating those evils incident
    to th-ir occupation, and the want of exercise.
    Often have the cures performed by this medicine
    been the subject of editorial comment in various
    newspapers and journals, and it may with truth be
    asserted that no medicine of the .kind has ever re-
    ceived testimonials of greater commendation than
    are attached to this.
    They are in general use as a family medicine,
    and there are thousands of families who declare
    they are never satisfied unless they have a supply
    always on hand. They have no rival in curing
    bilious diseases, dyspepsia, liver complaints, sick
    headacthe,l aundice, rheumatism, heartburn, acid
    stomach, palpitation, loss of appetite, costive-
    ness, &c.
    Taken either a short time before or after expo-
    sure, they render the system less liable to contract
    contagious or epidemic diseases, and should be te-
    sorted to by persons residing in low and marhby
    situations, or when travelling or exposed to conta-
    gion; also, persons attending the sick, who, by long
    watching and fatigue, or exposure to the effluvia
    of the sick room, become debilitated and lose their
    appetite, will find great assistance from these pills,
    in renovating and purifying the system, and restor-
    ing the functions to a healthy s'ate. Persons
    debilitated by intense and long application to busi-
    ness and study, and those also ot sedentary habits,
    will derive great benefit from an occasional use of
    Those who, from idiosycrancy of the constitution,
    or from a previous injudicious use of Calomel, are
    prevented trom using that remedy, will find in these
    Pills a vegetable substitute, which in most cases
    will produce the desirable effects of that mineral,
    "without its deleterious consequences.
    Fpr that congested and deranged state of the sys-
    tem which occurs in the winter and commence-
    ment of spring, these Pills are particularly appli-
    cable in preventing rheumatism, coughs, congestion
    of the lungs, &c. and have prolonged many a life
    that otherwise would have been a sacrifice to the

    changes of the season.
    Those persons liable to sore throat, swelling of
    the glands, coughs, and other symptoms indicating
    scrofula, or consumption, should take warning in
    season, and embrace a remedy which, while it is
    searching out and eradicating disease, makes no
    deductions from the vital powers of the system.
    Recommendations from physicians in every va-
    riety of climate in the United States, Texas, and
    the Canadas, bear witness to the peculiar and po-
    tenit effects of this medicine; in fact they are pre-
    scribed by physicians generally, in preference to any
    other cathartic and alterative medicine-and hav-
    ing acquired an unprecedented celebrity as an
    MEDY; and this reputation being fully sustained
    by the high character of its testimonials, and the
    increasing demand for the medicine-it is only ne-
    cessary for the Proprietor to continue the caution,
    thit the public may not mistake other medicines
    which are introduced ss tomato preparations for the
    ,% Inquire for PHELPS'S TOMATO PILLS,
    and be particular to observe that the label is signed
    G, R. PIEVLP, M D. Price 376 cents.
    Sold by moit of the Druggists in the District of
    Columbia, as well as throughout the country.
    Nov 28-4mi
    E E RTEK AND NOTE PAPER, (superior.)-,
    W. FISCHER has just ope-ned a variety ot
    superior Le, ter and Note Paper of English, French'
    S" antd American manufacture, iuch as .- s not to be had
    S* in any oiher store in the Distri',; with every other
    article of superior quality in the Stationery
    kept constantly for sale at Stationers' Hall.
    S pee10

    .:" .. t.>t

    C OTTON GIN.-Meta Cylinder GConan OiM
    with the latest improvement, n anulacLtured
    by Wm Idler, of Philadelphia, in Willow street
    ri door below Sixth It is well knowu
    ,hat the cylinder on which the saws are fasseneu,
    anti fixture o. gin ribs, are the most essential par
    of a gin. The >,aw. have heretinore been fastened
    tin wood, in different ways, but the shrinking sae
    giving of wood in e'ry weather, and expanding i*
    damp cause the saws to deviate more or less.
    For this reason many do rot pass in the centre oi
    the space between the gin r'bs, and pass too near. on
    one or the other side of the gin ribs, which naps tht
    cotton in pas-ns- arnd forces it into the teeth of the
    saws, and causes the many little knots which soon
    ruins the gn and hurts the cotton. This difficulty,
    which injures the cotton and the gin, is now over-
    come by the meta cylinder. The whole fixture of
    the saw cylinder is metal, with strong shafts, best
    polished east steel saws, of entire circles, fastened
    by a metal which causes the saws to keep always
    straight, and prevents them from buckling by
    strains, invented by Jacob Idler, for which he
    received a patent. The saws cannot vary the least,
    and must pass directly in the centre of the space
    between the gin ribs; every saw must do its duty,
    and cannot nap or hurt the cotton; and therefore
    gin faster, and make good cotton, and last for a
    long time, as every part is strong and of the best
    materials, with moveable boxes to set it to any
    one's taste, As soon as the gin ribs begin to be
    worn, the cylinder can easily be r- 'ed one fourth
    of an inch, and set as before, in order to change the
    passage for the cotton between the ribs a little
    above or below the former worn place, and the ribs
    will last three timeslonger than the old way. The
    brush shaft is made to traverse a little, and does
    not strike the saws always atone fixed point, and
    lasts much longer. When the brushes are much
    worn they can be dipped with a straight edge, and
    the brush moved forwards; and, as they have move-
    able boxes, will theo answer the same as new ones.
    The boxes have oil caps, which prevent the danger
    of fire by friction.
    Also, Hand Gins, from eighteen to twenty saws,
    to suit the South American market.
    Also, improved Iron Portable Horse Power to
    drive gins, so constructed that it can be placed in
    or outside the gin house, as the weather has no
    effect on it; it takes a lever from 9 to 14 feet, can
    be set tip or taken down in a few hours; no part
    weighs more than 230 pounds, and can be carried
    by mules over a mountainous country.
    Also, Portable Iron and Wooden Presses, to
    pack cotton into small bales to suit the South
    American and West India markets. No part
    weighs more than a mule can carry. Also large
    The subscriber has many certificates and letters
    from those who have the gins, ect. in use.
    The subscriber respectfully calls the attention of
    the cotton planters to a repeating cotton cleaner
    forseparating the leaves, sand, trash and dirty
    Particles from seed cotton, before it passes to the
    gin, newly invented by Jacob Idler, Philadelphia,
    for which he has received a patent.
    It is well known that the price of cotton is in
    proportion to its cleanliness and quality; if the
    early or first picking has many broken, dead leaves
    and small thrashy particles in it, it is worth, ac-
    cording to the greater or less quantity it contains,
    from 1 i to 4 cents less than that which is clear and
    free of it.
    It is also well known to the skilful planter, that
    saws will carry the principal part of the dead
    leaves, dirt, and small trashy particles through
    with the cotton, and according to the greater or less
    quantity in it fixes the price of the cotton.
    The repeating cotton cleaner is a strong, com-
    pact, iron framed machine, as long as the gin
    stand. It is set on the floor in the cotton loft above
    the gin, soplaced as to throw the cleaned cotton
    down into he hopper of the gin. It runs very
    light with a slack band of 4 or 5 inches, drove by
    the same drum which drives the gin, and with the
    same speed; bat if preferred bya separate drum.
    This machine makes the cotton so loose and
    lively that the gin runs much lighter, and gins
    about one third faster that it will with cotton in its
    raw, unprepared state, as it comes from the field:
    and owing to the looseness of the cotton after it hat
    been cleaned of the trash, it was fully ascertained
    that it required rather less power to drive the
    cleaner and the gin, than it did to gin the cotton in
    its raw, uncleaned state, the cotton being so loose
    and lively the roll seldom breaks, and gives less
    trouble o feed the gin.
    The beneficial effect on cotton by this repeating
    ck aner has been amply tested on the plantati. n
    oi P. M. Lapice, esq. in Concordia, opposite to
    'Natchez, one of the ablest and most skilful planters
    He gave it the first trial, and had reserved about
    7000 pounds of partially trashy seed cotton; and to
    prove the effect of this machine, he weighed oft
    two equal parcels; one he ginned on one of his
    seventy-saw gins; in its raw state by itself; and
    ,he other was passed through the cleaning machm,
    and ginned on the same gin; and to prove its effects
    sul litither, he had some of the la e cotton remain-
    ing in the fielt in February last, and that whicl.
    was thrown about on the ground by the wind and
    rains, gathered in the dirty state it was. He ha.
    also sime of that ginned in the raw state and kept
    separate, and the rest was passed through thi
    cleaner. The difference between the two was
    great. He had 2ol them put in operation, also J.
    E. Davis, an eminent planter, and many others.
    There have been various kinds of thrashing ma
    chines, but all twist the cotton and clean but little
    per day, and that only partially; but this repeating
    cleaner cannot twist or hurt ith- cotton in the least.
    as it gives only a tossing up, and forward, and
    backward motion.
    By the many trials, it proves to be the best way
    to get the cotton cleaned of the trashy particles and
    improve the quality.
    They are made of different sizes, some right
    and some left hand, to suit a right or left hand
    gin; they are very strong, and not liable to get out
    of order when managed by the most awkward ne-
    gro; they are simply set plumb and straight on the
    floor in the cotton loft over the gin, or on two
    short pieces of 2 or 4 inch wood, laid on the floor, so
    placed so as to receive the band, and that the ct-
    ton can drop or slide down to the gin. To feed
    the cleaner is light work for a weak steady hand;
    the operation is simple; he fills a long trough or
    measure moderately full with seed cotton, and
    throws it into the hopper of the cleaner, and after
    the cotton has revolved for about two seconds, ac-
    cording to the trashiness of the cotton, he then
    draws a string by a ring to catch into a hook which
    opens the front door, and the cleaned cotton passes
    out said door, and the dead leaves, dirt, and trashy
    particle. have passed throughopen gatesand sieves
    down under the cleaner; boxes may be put there to
    receive it, and during the time rhe cleaned cotton
    passes out, he fills his trough asain, and as soon as
    it has passed out, he unhooks she ring which shuts
    again the front door; at the same time he throws in
    the next trough full, but not before the previous
    one has passed out, because it two troughs full are in
    at one time, thecotton has in that case not room
    enough to be cleaned well of leaves, trash, &c and
    so he continues regularly, by putting in a trough
    full at a time. The cleaners are cased in so close
    that the person who feeds them has less dust than
    by ginning raw cotter; the dust is drove down
    into the magazine, under the cleaner, into boxes; by
    applying a flue, all will pass down through it.
    The cotton ought to be well dried; the drier it is,
    the better it will clean off the leaves and trashy.
    particles from it. It takes out all the dead leaves,
    except some small flakes, where the cotton has

    wrapped itself completely around it, or enveloped
    it. These few pass out with the cotton, their num-
    ber being so small, and having been crumbled by
    the motion, the most of them pass off with the
    seeds in ginning.
    When the seed cotton is put into the feeding
    trough, nailsor any hard substance toinjure the
    gin-saws are discovered.
    It is also well worth the attention ofSea Island
    cotton planters, to free cotton of small trashy
    particles; the machine separates the section of cot-
    ton andcannot break er injure the staple the least
    and will pass the rollers in more equal parts.
    These machines are made with 2, and some
    with 3 cylinders; both kinds answer the purpose,
    as the diameter of those with 2 are larger than
    those with 3 cylinders, the latter is preferable foit
    very trashy cotton, but costs proportionably more.
    July 20-6mn* W. IDLER.
    SIXTH CONGRESS.-This day published, and
    for sale at the bookstores of Messrs. Fischer, An
    derson, Morrison, Taylor, and at my office, A Con-
    gressional Directory of ths second session of the
    Twnty-sixth Congress. Price 121 cents.
    N. B.-The Pocket Directory will be published
    in a few days.
    Dec 91-3t

    sale by C.H. JAMES,

    EAsTrraN Ma-I closes daily at 9 p.m.; arrives at 61
    p m ; ite, arts t 6 &. m.
    POUTHER14 Mail el sea daily at 8 p. mi.; arrives
    at 6 in ; departs at 12 night.
    Wsturxiar Mail closes daily at 9 p. m.; arrives
    at 12 nion; departs at 6 a. m.
    BALTIMOREa Mail (extra) closes at 3 p. min.; ar-
    rives at 12 noin; departs at 31 p in. daily.
    ROCKVILLE Mail closes at 9 p. mn. M-nday, Wed-
    nes(lay, and Friday, and departs at 2 a. m. next
    morning, arrives on Monday, Wednesday, and
    Friday, at 7 p. inm.
    LarSBVaa Mail closes at 8 p. m. on Monday,
    Wednesday, and Friday; departs at 3 a. m. next
    morning, arrive, on Sunday, Wednesday, and Fri-
    day, at 7 p. inm.
    ANNAPOLIS Mail closes at 9 p. m. on Sunday,
    Tuoe day, and Thursday; departs at 6 a m. next
    morning; arrives at 4 p. m. Tuesday, Thursday,
    and Saturday.
    PaTy Tosscc Mail closes at 9 p. min. on Sun-
    day and Wednesday, departs at 6 a. min. next morn-
    ing; arrives on Wednesday and Saturday at 5 p. m.
    BRa OKVILLE Mail closes on Thursday at 9 p nm ;
    departs at '5 a. min. next msrnine; arrives on Sun-
    day at 4 p inm.
    WAnIRnNTOM, Va. Mail closes on Monday. Wed-
    nesday, and Friday, at 8 p. m.; departs at 3 a. m.
    next morning; arrives on Sunday, Wednesday, and
    Friday, at 7 p. in
    WiNctis',-ica Mail closes at 8 p. m. on Monday,
    Wednesday, and Friday; departs at 3 a. min. next
    morning; arrives on Sunday, Wednesday, and Fri
    day, at 7 p m.
    A mail is made up for Winchester and Harper's.
    Ferry, daily, via Baltimore and Winchester Rail
    road, closing and arriving with the Eas-ern mail.
    GEOROoTowN Mail closes at 7 p. mn. and 9 p. in.,
    arrives at 5 mC. and 7 p. min daily.
    The Post Office is open for business, daily, from
    8 a. m. till 9 p. m. except on Sunday; on thai day
    it will be open from 8 to 9 a. m. from 12 in. to 1 p.
    min. and from 8 to 9 p. m.
    designed will open a Grammar School, on a popu-
    lar and useful plan, in the Conference room of the
    Methodist Pr..tesiant Church, on 9th street, be-
    tween E and F, on Tuesday evening, November
    16. The exercises wil occupy from 7 to 9 o'clock,
    on Tuesday and Friday evenings; and a favorable
    opportunity will be afforded to adults and youths,
    of both sexes, to improve themselves in English
    Grammar, an important branch of knowledge.
    No pains will be spared to preserve order in the
    school, and to secure the improvement of the
    Terms: $3 per quarter, or $2 50 in case more
    scholars than one are sent from a family. A
    French or Hebrew class will be attended to also,
    and on moderate terms.
    The object of this enterprise is to assist the
    church of which he is the Pastor, in an effort to re-
    lieve itself from an oppressive debt; and the un-
    dersigned hopes, in this useful manner, to earn the
    relief he will procure. A. WEBSTER,
    Nov 3-tf Pastor of the M. P. C.
    NANCE, &c. &c.-For sale by F. TAYLOR.-
    Lieber's Political Ethics, 2 volumes. Lieber's Le-
    gal and Political Hermeneutics, 1 volume. Cur-
    rency and Banking, by Condy Raguet, new edition
    1 volume. Condy Raguet's Register of Currencl
    and Finance, Commercial and Banking Statistic-,
    2 volumes. Raguet's State Right Documents, I
    volume. Raguet's Free Trade Advocate and Poli
    tical Economy, 2 volumes. Raguet's Principles of
    Free Trade, 1 volume octavo, 1840. Inquiry inta
    the Principles and Policy of the United States Go.
    vernment, by John Taylor, of Carolinecounty, Va.
    1 volume. Tyranny Unmasked, by the same au
    thor, 1 volume octavo. Albert Gallatin's Conside-
    rations on the Currency and Banki g System of the
    United Slates. Albert Gallatin on the Maine
    Boundary, 1 volume, 1840, with eight maps. Le
    gisative and Documentary History of the Bank or
    the United States and of the Original Bank of North
    America. 1 octavo volume of 800 pages, giving the
    entire Proceedings, Debates, and Resolutions of
    Congress upon the various bills and project for a
    National Bank, since the formation of the Go ern-
    ment. History of Banks, European and Ameri-
    can, 1 volume. And many others of the same
    1 of literature and science. Dec. 14
    N EW RoOKS.-Ltters of A. Adam*, W i
    of John Adams, with a memoir by her grand-
    son, Charles Francis Adams, 2 volumes; third vo-
    lume of Bancritt's hist,,ry of the United States,
    an additional supply; Armstrong's Notices of the
    War of 1812 2 volumes; an additional supply of
    "Q. odlibt;" Monstrelei's Chronicles of the Civil
    warn between the Houses of Orteati:s and Burgun-
    dy, beginning at the point where Droissart rini hes,
    2 oct'vo vlIumes, London, 1840; the dramatic
    weiorks of Wychtrley, Concreave, Vanbrugh, and, complete in I la ge oc',vo volume,
    edited by L.-teh Hunt, Landon, 1840; Howiti's
    Rural L',e in Eogland; Hoeitt'sVisits t, remarka-
    ole plat- s; R,-rort of the Trial of the D'Hauteville
    Case; C'artimin, by Carlyle. Juist received by
    Jan 12. F. TAYLOR.
    AWS OF ETIQUETTE, or Short Rules
    and Reflections for Conduct in Society: by
    a gentleman. 1 pocket volume, price 50 cents.
    Also, The Canons of Good Breeding, for gentle-
    :nen: by the author of Laws of Etiquette. 1 small
    volume, price 50 cents. Giving hints on personal
    appearance and apparel, on manner, on conversa-
    tion, behavior on particular occasions, -on good
    breeding, on morning calls, evening visits, on re-
    ceiving company, &c. &c. &c. For sale by
    June 2 F. TAYLOR.

    chear-last edition, (1840,) large octavo,
    830 closely printed pases, with two hundred En-
    gravings; containing, also, a Commercial Dtctsona-
    ry, and much other useful and valuable matter
    not usually contained in works of this class, hand-
    somely printed, one large v, luae, in full leather
    binding, for sale by F. TAYLOR, for *2 75;
    (published at p5.) Nov 2
    ( 1HARTI M, by Thomas Carlyle. "It never
    smoke but there is fire."-O;d Proveib. Car
    lyle's Life of Schiller, with an examination ifand
    Extracts from his works; 1 vol. Goethe's Novel
    of Wilielmeisier, translated by Carlyle. Car-
    lyle's French Revulusson; a history, in 3 vols
    Will be receive I in a day or two, Miscellanies,
    in 4 volumes; and Sartor Resartus, in one volume,
    by the lame author. F. TAYLOR.
    Nov 19
    RICH FANCY GOODS.-We have just re-
    ceived, in addition to our rtock on hand-
    4 cartoons handsome worked Collars
    2 do rich Satin Shawls
    4 pieces wide black Silk for Mantillas
    40 do dark figured Poult de Sile, bought at
    auction at 30 per cent. less than usual price
    15 very superior Brocha shawls
    Cherry, white and pink Silk, for lining
    Dec 26-3t

    BRARY, immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel,
    is regularly supplied with a number of copies of
    every new work, (novels and others,) immediately
    upon publication. Dec 8

    Marryatt's Novels, ten in number, all con-
    tained ifi two large octavo volumes, well printed,
    and full bound in leather, price for the whole $2 50,
    published originally at an average price of *l 50
    for each novel.

    of Gadsby's, will receive, and open ihis day,
    titee cases splended Beaver Hats, from the cele-
    brated manufactory of Leary & Co. of New York,
    to which he respectfully calls the attention of gen-
    ilemen in search of a fashionable article.
    Jan. 19-3tif
    --I have received from New York, on coa2
    signment, an entire case of Worked Collars, Pele-
    rines, and Mantillas, on Muslin and Linen Cam-
    bric, which I will sell at one-fourth of the original
    cost to import them. The ladies are intiied to call
    and examine them. D. CLAGETr.
    Jan. 20-3t

    Sof the Trial of the D'Hauteville case, with
    all the evidence, letters, &c. &c. Just published
    in pamphlet and this day received for sale by
    Dec.18 F,TAYLOR.

    TIL JUNE 1841-Whereas, the Executive has
    been advised by gentlemen representing the S;ate
    o! Ohio in the Congres of the United States, and
    by a memorial from a large number of members
    of the Legislature of the same State, that the times
    heretofore prescribed for the public Sales of the
    Wabash and ErieCanal lands in the State of Ohio,
    (which were made early, with special reference to
    the wants of the Treasury during the first portion
    ot the ensuing year,) can be advantageously post-
    poned ax regards ithe convenience of travel to pur-
    Sha-ers generally, ad the examination of the soil.
    and at the same time that such postponement will
    be likely to result inan increased product to the
    revenue from such sales.
    N-tice is therefore hereby given, that the times
    of commencement of the public sales of the United
    States' alternate sectins of land on the line of the
    Wabash and Erie Canal, (Maumee Valley,) in the
    aforesaid State, advertised by proclamation bearing
    date the first day of October last, are directed to be
    postponed, and that the public sale at Bucyrus
    will commence on Monday, the seventh day of
    June noex', and the sale at Lima on Monday, the
    fourteenth day of thesame month.
    Given under my hand at the City of Washing-
    ton, this ninth day of January, anno Domini,
    By the President:
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.
    MENCE .JUNE 14,1811.
    Jvrth of the base line, and east of the first principal
    The whole of sfeions two, four, eight, ten,
    twelve, fourteen, and eighteen; the whole of sec-
    tion twenty, except the sounh half of the norhwest
    quarter; the wh- le of section twenty-two; the west
    half of the northwest quarter of section twenty-
    four; the north halt ol section twenty-eight, and the
    whole of section thirty: all in township two, of
    range one.
    The whole of sections two and four, the south
    halt of section six; the whole or sections eight, ten,
    twelve, fourteen, eighteen, and twenty; the whole o1
    -ecuon twenty-two nor h of th- river; the south halt
    of section twenty-four south of the river; the whole
    of section twenty-six; the northeast quarter north
    oifthe river, and the southeast quarter south of the
    river, of section twenty-etght; the south half of
    section thirty two, and the northeast quarter south
    of the river, of the same section; the whole of sec-
    tion thirty north of the river; and the whole of sec-
    tions thir'y-four and thirty-six: all in township
    three of range one.
    Toe whole of section thirty-six: in township
    four, of range one.
    Tne north half of section two; the whole of sec-
    tions four, six, and eight; the nLrthwest quarter of
    section ten, and the whole of section eighteen: all
    in township two, of range two.
    The whole of section two north of the river; the
    north half and the southwest quarter north of the
    river of section four, the whole of section six; the
    south half and northwest quarter section of eight,
    and the west half of the northeast quarterof thesame
    section; the north half of section ten, and the south
    half south of the river ef the same section; the
    south half of section twelve, and the northeast
    quarter south of the river of the same section; the
    whole of section fourteen; the southeast quarter
    south of the river, the north half north of the river,
    and the west part of the southwest quarter north of
    the river, of section eighteen; and the whole of sec-
    tions twenty, twenty-two, twenty-four, twenty-six,
    twenty-eight, thirty, thirty-two, thirty-four, and
    thirty-six: all in township three, of range two.
    The east half of the southeast quarter of section
    twelve; the south half of section fourteen; the
    south half of section twenty; and the whole of sec-
    tions twenty-two, twenty-four, twenty-six, twenty.
    eight, thirty, thirty-two, thirty-four, and thirty-six:
    all in township four, of range two.
    The whole of section four; the south half of sec-
    tion six south of the river, and the east half of the
    northeast quarter of the same section; and the
    whole of sections eight, eighteen, twenty, and thir-
    ty: all in township three, of range three
    Tie whole of section two; the south half and
    northeast quarter of section four, and the south
    hall of the northwet quarter of the same section;
    the whole of sections eight, ten, twelve, fourteen,
    eighteen, and twenty; the northwest quarter of sec-
    tion twenty-two; the whole of section twenty tour
    north of the river, except the southeast quarter of
    the southeast quarter; the whole of section twenty-
    six; the south, ast part of the east half, the south-
    west quarter south of the river, and the northwest
    quarter north of the river, of section twenty-eight;
    he whole of section thirty; the whole of section
    thirty-two south of the river, except the north part
    of the northeast quarter; and ihe whole of section
    thirty-four: all in township four, of range three.
    The east half and southwest quarter of section
    thirty-four, in township five, of range three.
    The whole of section two; the northeast part of
    the north half, and the northeast part of the south
    half, ot section four; the whole of sections six and
    eight; the east half of section ten, and the east hall
    and northwest quarter of the northwest quarter of
    the same section; the whole of section eighteen; and
    the north half of section twenty, and the part of the
    southeast quarter north of the river ot the same
    section; all in township four, of range four.
    The southeast quarter of secti n twenty-;ix; and
    the whole of section thirty-six, in township five, of
    range four.
    The whole of section twe; the west half and
    southeast quarter of section four, and the west hall
    of the northeast quarter of the same section; the
    whole of sections eight, ten, and twelve, all in town-
    ship three, of range five.
    The whole of section two; the east half of section
    four; the whole of section six; the west half of the
    northeast quarter, and west half of the southeast
    quarter, of section eight; and the whole of sections
    t vi-nty six, thirty.four, and thirty-six; all in town-
    sh p lour, of range five.
    The east haif of the northeast quarter of section
    twenty-two; the whole of section twenly-s x; the
    north aest quarter of suction twenty eigh'; she west
    half of the northeast quarter, the west half of the
    southwest quarter, and the east half of the south-
    east quarter, of the same section; the south half ot
    section thirty; and the whole ot aecti. ns thirty-two,
    thiriy four, and thinty-six: all in township five, of
    ranse five.
    Tne hole of section six; the northwest quarter
    of section etaht, and the we.t. half cf the northeast
    quarter, and west half of the southwest quarter, of
    the same section; and the northwest quarter of sec-
    tion eighteen: all in township three, or range six.
    The whole sections of twelve, twenty, and twen-
    ty-two; the northeast quarter of section twenty-
    four, and the east half of the southeast quarter and
    s,,uthwest quarter of the sounheast quarter of the
    same sectin, and the whole of sections twenty-
    eight, thirty, and thirty-two: all in township four,
    of rage six.
    The southeast quarter of section six; and the
    whole of sections eighteen, twenty, thirty, and thir-
    ty-six: all in township five, of range six.
    The east half of the northwest quarter of section
    twenty-two; the southwest quarter of section
    twenty-eight; and the whole of suction twenty-six,
    except the east half of the northeast quarter: all in
    town.-hip six, of range six.
    The whole of section six; the westhalf of section
    eight; the whole of section eighteen, except the
    west half of the southwest quarter; the west half of

    section twenty; and the north half of section thirty:
    all in township four, of range seven.
    The whole of sections fourteen, twenty, and
    twenty-two; the whole of section twenty-four, ex-
    cept the east half of the northeast quarter; and the
    whole of sections twenty-six, twenty-eight, thirty,
    thirty-two, thirty-four, and thirty-six: all in town-
    ship five, of range seven.
    The whole of sections twenty, twenty-two,
    twenty-four, and twenty.eight, in township six, of
    range seven.
    'The north half of the northeast quarter, and
    north half of northwest quarter of section six, in
    township four, of range eight.
    The whole of section fourteen; the whole of sec-
    tion eighteen, except the southwest quarter of the
    southwest quarter, and east half of the northeast
    quarter; the whole of section twenty; the east half
    of section twenty-two; the who'e of sections twen-
    ty-four, twenty-six, twenty.eight, and thirty; the
    whole of section thirty-two, except the southeast
    quarter; and the north half of section thirty-four
    all in township five of range eight.
    The fraction of section twelve, southwest of the
    Ottawa reserve; the south half of section ten; the
    routh half ot section eight; the whole of sections
    ourteen, eighteen, twenty, and twenty-two; and
    the whole of section twenty-four west of the Otta-
    wa reserves: all in township six, of range eight.
    JUNE 7, 181.
    SN'ort of the base line, and east of the first principal
    The northeast quarter and southwest quarter o

    section twenty4our; and the northeast quarter of
    section thirty-two: all in township five, of range
    The east half and southwest quarter of section
    twelve; and the east half and southwest quaitei
    of section fourteen: all in township seven, of range
    The north half of the northwest quarter of sec
    lion two; the northwest quarter of section ten; and
    the whole of section eighteen: all in township five,
    of range ten.
    Tee west half of the northwest quarter of sec-
    tion thirty-six, in township six, of range ten.
    The south half of section six, in,
    of range ten.
    The west half of section eighteen, in township
    wix, of range eleven.
    In the reserve of twelve miles square at the foot of the
    The northwest quarter of section twenty-eish';
    and the whole of section thirty: all in township
    The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
    (unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
    longer; and no private entries of land in the sec-
    tions so offered, will be admitted until after the ex-
    piration of the two weeks.
    JantaIy 16, 1841 law'June7.
    N pursuance ot law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
    REN, President of the United States of Ame-
    rica, do hereby decare and make known, that
    public sales will be held at the under' ntioned
    land offices in the State of Michigan, at the reti-
    odshereinafter designated, to wit:
    At the land office of Genes'e, commencing on
    Monday, the tenth day of May next, for the dis-
    posal of the public lands lying within the limits
    of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
    .Noi'th of the base line, and west "of the meridian.
    Towsnships twenty-one, twenty two, twenty-
    three, twenty-four, tweniy-five, twean-y-six, and
    twenty seven, of range one and two.
    ,North of the base line and east of the meridian.
    That part of :ownship fourteen, situated
    south and west of the Indian reserve I ne, fraction-
    al township fifteen, bordering on Saganaw Bay,
    and townships twenty-six and twenty-seven, of
    range four.
    Fractional sections eighteen and nineteen, bor-
    dering on Saganaw Bay, in township fifteen, and
    township twenty-seven, of range five.
    Township twenty-seven, of ranges six, seven,
    eight and nine.
    Fractional township twenty-seven, bordering on
    Lake Huron, of range ten.
    At the land office at Ionia, commencing on Mon-
    day, the twenty-fourth day of May next, for the dis-
    posal of the public lands within the limits of the
    undermentioned townships, to wit:
    .North of the base line and west of the meridian.
    Township tweniy one, fractional townships twen-
    ty two and tweniy-three, bordering on Maskego
    Lake, fractional township twenty-four, and town-
    ships twenty-five, twenty-six, and twenty-seven, of
    range three.
    Township twenty one, fractional township-
    twenty-two and twenty-three, bordering on Maske-
    go Lake, fractional township twenty-four and town-
    ships twenty-five, twenty-six, and twenty-seven, of
    range four.
    Townships twenty-one, twenty-two, twenty-three,
    twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty six and twenty-
    seven, of range five.
    Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
    military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
    The sales will each be kept open for two weeks
    (unless the lands are sooner disposed of) and no lon-
    ger; and no private entries of land, in the town-
    ships so offered, will be admitted until after the ex-
    piration of the two weeks.
    iven under my hand, at the city of Washington,
    this fourteenth day of December, anno Domini,
    one thousand eight hundred and forty.
    By the President:
    Commissioner oflhe General Land Office.

    Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
    to land in any of the townships designated in this
    proclamation, in virtue of the provisions of the
    act of 22d June, 1838, as extended and modified
    by the act of 1st June, 184d, or of the provisions
    of the latter act, granting certain privileges to
    another class of settlers, is requested to prove the
    same to the satisfaction of hia Register and Re-
    ceiver of the proper land office, and make payment
    therefore as soon as practicable after seeing this no-
    tice, and before the day appointed for the com-
    mencement of the public sale of the land as above
    designated, otherwise such claims will be for-
    Commissioner f the General Land Office.
    Dec. 15-lawtMayl4
    Sores, Syphilis, and the host of painful and hith-
    erto incurable affections resulting th'-reftom; White
    Swellings, Diseases of the Liver and Skin, General
    Debility, &c. and all diseases arising from Impurity
    of the Blood.
    This medicine is particularly recommended as
    an alterattwe and a purifier of the Blood. It gives a
    tone and vior to debilitated constitutions which in-
    valids are unconscious of until they have experi-
    enced its effects.
    It is also recommended in Diseases where the
    Lungs and Breast are supposed to be affected, and
    also where the constitution is broken down by the
    use of Mercury or Quinine.
    The Swaim's Panacea is an accredited antidote to
    the diseases peculiar to tropical latitudes. It is made
    use ot on all plantations, and proves a speedier, a
    mere certain and less expensive medium of perfect
    restoration than any other medicine hitherto known
    or employed.
    Tiiis medicine has the singular fortune-a just
    tribute to its great merit-of being recom'nended by
    the most celebrated practitioners of medicine in the
    United States and Ewope; whereas not one of the
    spurious mixtures made in imitat on of it has the
    eiest support from the medical faculty. This fact
    offers an argument so plain and conclusive that it
    needs only to be m ntioned-to enforce conviction.
    Swaim's'Panacea is recommended to all those inva-
    lids for whom physicians prescribe Sarsaparilla
    Syrups, Extracts, &e.
    Swaim's Panacea is in round bottles, fluted longs
    tudinally, with the following word blown in the
    glass, "Swaim's Panacea, Philadelphia," having
    out one label, which covers the cork, with the sig-
    nature of Win. Swaim on it, so that thecotik (bear-
    ing also upon it, as a seal, the impression, Win.
    Swaim") cannot be drawn without destroying the
    signature, without which none is genuine. The
    medicine may consequently be known to be genuine
    when the signature is visible; to counterfeit it will
    be punished as forgery.
    Prepared at SWAIM'S LABORATORY, Phila-
    delphia. HENRY JOHN SHARPE, General
    Agent, No. 46 Pine street, New York; and sold by
    every Drusgist in the United States.
    Oct. 10-eodlm WM SWAIM & SON.

    The London Forget Me Not for 1841.

    The Book of Beauty for 1841.
    The Youth's Keepsake for 1841.
    The Letters and Poems of N. P. Willis, in one
    small quarto vol. with numerous splendid En-
    gravings. London, for 1841.
    Stetrne'i Sentimental Journey, with one hundred
    Engravings. London, 1840.
    Friendship's Offering for 1841. The Gem for 1841.
    The Annualette for 1841. The Literary Souvenir
    for 1841.
    The Gift for 1841. The Shakspeare Gallery. The
    Byron Gallery.
    The Book of Common Prayer, with several hun-
    dred superb illustrations.
    Illustrations of the Bible.
    And many other works of the same class and
    description, far too numerous for the limits of an
    Bibles, Testaments, and Prayer Books, English
    and American editions, of every size, in rich bind-
    Finh editions cf standard Historians. Illus-
    trated Books of Travels.
    Miniature ornamental editions of the most popu-
    lar authors in Poetry and Prose.
    Albums,Drawing Books,and a very full collection
    of Juvenile Books, for all ages, many of them en-
    tirely new.
    All at the lowest pric. Just rece-ived by F.
    TAYLOR; many of then imported by himself.
    Dec. 19
    ACARD -The subscriber will render to all
    hit customers their accounts up to the lot of
    January. Their respective accounts will be thank,
    fullyW eived, D. CLAiETT.

    C OVERT'S BALM OF LIFE--This. cele-
    brated article, which for the last two-years
    has proved itself so valuable a remedy for coughs,
    colds, consumption, bronchitis, asthma, whooping
    cough, and all diseases of the lungs and windpipe,
    may now be had of Druggists and Mcrchauts in
    most of the towns in the Northern and Eastern
    HOADLEY, PHELPS and Co. Wholesale
    .Druggists, 142 Water street, New York, have been
    appointed General Agents, and are prepared to sup-
    ply venders on the Proprietor's best terms. Price
    one dollar per bottle. A liberal discount made to
    The following (out of a great number of testi-
    monials received by the proprietor from gentlemen
    of the highest rtepectability) are submitted to con-
    vince the public of ihe safety as well as certain
    efficacy of this medicine, and to show them that
    it is not to be ranked with the irresponsible nostrums
    of the day.
    from the Boston Medical Jourtal of lug. 28th 1840.
    The following is an extract from an article in
    that paper on the 'Mo.rbus Laryngeus Concionatu-
    rum," or Bronchitis, by Frank H. Hamilton, M. D.
    Professor of Materia Medica and General Patho-
    logy in Geneva Medical College.
    "The Rev. I Covert's Mixiure, also now u'.ed
    so extensively for this afftcti n by clergymen, be-
    longs to the same class of stimulating expectorants,
    being one of those lucky combinations of medical
    agents wh ch, while it promotes expectoration, does
    not impair the tone of the stomach. Of this me-
    dicine, we leel at liberty to sp-.ak, since its compo-
    sition is not held from the Profession, and we hope
    the proprietors will soon see fit to give it to the
    public We venture to recommend it therefore,
    having employed it in our own case, and in the cases
    of many wther, with decided benefit.
    From tho "Atbiira Conference ani Family RecoirdTer," ofSRp.
    teriher 4, I189.
    "Covert's Balm of Life bids lair to rank among
    the first of specifics lor most cases of pulmonary
    disease. Fromt having tested its salutary tenden-
    cy, and more especially from the knowledge that
    it has won the eonfidenre and received the recom-
    mendations ot many highly respectable medical
    itintlemen, some of whom are well known as the
    ornaments of their profession, we have no hesita-
    tion in speaking wedl of it. We have reason to be
    lieve that it is employed in the practice of some of
    the most scientific and judicious of the physicians of
    this place. The Rev. Mr. Covert, the inventor and
    proprietor of this valuable medicine, is a respect
    ble local Mminister of the Methodist Episcopal Church
    in this place."
    The nature of the composition of the Rev. I.
    Covert's Balm of Life having been fully explained
    to the following medical gentlemen, they have con-
    sented that they way be referred to as authority for
    its utility as an expectorant in those chronic cases
    of pulmonary diseases in which that class of reme-
    dies is indicated.
    D. M. Reese, M. D. Professor of the Theory and
    Practice of Medicine in the Albany Medical Col-
    J. McNaughton, M. D. Profef-or of Anatomy
    and Physiology in the Fait field Medical College.
    Malk Stephlnson, M. D. New York city.
    Dr. M. McKnight, do
    J. Mitchell, M. D. Philadelphia.
    This certifies that, having examined the Rev. I.
    Covert's Balm of Life in all its component parts,
    we do believe it to be one of the best compounds
    for coughs, consumption, chronic inflammations,
    etc. of which we have any knowledge, and do most
    cordially recommend its use to all afllic:vd with the
    above named diseases.
    Gordon Needham, M. D. Onondaga.
    E Lawrence, M. D. Baldwinsville.
    J. W. Daniels, M. D. Sa ".
    W. J. Lovejoy, M. D.I"ana.
    The following, from the Rev. L. Halsey, D. D.
    Professor of Ecclesiastical History, etc. in the
    Auburn Theological Seminary, has just been re-
    Rev. I. Covert: My Dear Sir: In reference to
    your medicine, I deem it my duty to state that I
    had for a lonz time been afflicted with a chronic
    bronchitis, and its usual accompaniments, and was
    induced to try your preparation, oh the assurance
    from medical men that it contained no hazardous
    ingredients. The result has been the allaying fe-
    brile irritationw, and the gradual restoration of
    healthy functions to the throat, so that I am enabled
    to return to the labors of the desk. I think the me-
    dicine entitled to the attention of all persons simi-
    larly afffted. Yours, truly,
    Auburn Theological Seminary,
    March 9, 1840.
    The following named individuals have also given
    their testimony in favor of the medicine, whose
    certificates, together with many others, may be
    seen by application to any of the agents:
    Rev. ILaac Stone, Lysander, New York; Dr.
    Soseph T. Pitney, Dr. E. Humphreys, N. Weaver,
    M. D Auburn, New York; Rev. T. Stow, Eltbridge,
    New York; J. 0. Shipman, M. D. Fayetteville;
    C. D. Townsend, M. D. Albany; A. H. Newcomb,
    M. D. Salina, Dr. Avery J. Skilton, Troy, Rev. I.
    Hopkins, Auburn, New York; Rev. D. Moore,
    Aurelius, New York; Rev. H. Bannister, Cazenc-
    via, New York; Win. Morris, M D. Utica, New
    York; R. Glover, M. D. New York city; John
    Wilson, M. D. Albany; R. Kirby, M. D. New
    Yorh city; A Sreeter, M. D. and L. Streeter, M.
    D. Troy, New York; Dr. T. S. Barrett, Yew YoIk;
    Francis J. Oliver, evq. Boston.
    For sa e by
    B. Old.., 278 Broad street, Newark; Higgins,
    Bootkseller, Elizabethtown; Watsons, Druogists,
    Rahway; Thomas G. Humphreys, Providence;
    Lee and Butler, Hartford; P. W. Grubb, Rich-
    mond, Virginia; J. and J. H. Peck and Co. Bur-
    lington, Vermont; Dr. J. M. King, Morritstown,
    New Jersey; J. J Sayers, Alexandria; 0. M. LAnihi-
    cum, Georgetown; Roberts and Atkinmon, Market
    street, Baltimore; J. C. Allen, 180 South Second
    street, Philadelphia; B. Emerson, Norfolk;
    And in most of the towns in the United States-
    where pamphlets, containing particulars and nume-
    rous testimonials, may be had gratis.
    For sale by most of she Druggists in the District
    of Columbia. Nov 26-4m

    of Richmond, Kentucky, cures by his mode of
    operating on the ear, about four cases out of five
    of deafness. He has restored to hearing a number
    of individuals after its loss, to a great extent, fron.
    ten to twenty years, and in one instance for near
    forty years; and this individual now hears well.
    The length of time deafness has existed is not con-
    clusive evidences that hearing cannot be re-
    From the fact that a great majority of the large
    number deprived of the inestimable faculty ot
    hearing, can be restored by his mode if operating
    and treatment, in some instances by a single opera-
    tion, and at farthest in-a few weeks or months,
    he invites all those who are deaf to come and be
    restored. Cases from a distance will not be re-
    quired to remain longer than a few days.

    2 vols. Stokes's Lectures on the Theory and
    Practice of Physic, with notes, and twelve addi.
    tional Lectures, by John Bell, M. D. 1 vol. Mis-
    cellanies on Homenopaihy, by an association of
    Homiceopathic Physicians, 1 vol. Scoutetten on the
    Radical Cure of Clubfoot, 1 vol. Warren's Surgi-
    cal Observations on Tumors, with cases and ope-
    rations, I vol. Burdell on the Structure, Physiolo-
    gy, Anatomy, and Diseases of the Teeth, 1 vol.
    The Philosophy of Human Nature in its Physical,
    Intellectual, and Moral Relations, by H. McCer-
    mac, M. D. London; The Comparative State of
    Medicine in France, England, and Germany, by
    A. Muehry, M, D. of Hanover, 1 vol. Tweedie on
    Fevers, Inflammation and Diseases of the Skin, 1
    vol. just received, together with many other medi-
    cal and surgical works, and for sale at the lowest
    prices by F. TAYLOR.
    Also, the latest numbers of Bell's Medical Li-
    brary, of Dunglison's Medical Magazine, of the
    American Journal of Medical Sciences, and of the
    New York and Baltimore Medical and Surgical
    Journals, for each of which the advertise? acts as
    agent, and will have them regularly forwarded to
    any part of the United States.

    ERCEDES, aRomance of the Days of Co-
    M lumbus; in 2 volumes; by the author of the
    Spy, Pioneers, Pilot, &c. The Budget of the Bubble
    Family; in 2 volumes; by Lady Bulwer;, are just
    published and this day received for sale by F.
    TAYLOR, or for circulation (along with all other
    new books) among the subscribers to the Waverley
    Circulating Library.

    M A.-Containing his book entitld the
    Religion of Protestants, a sats way to salvation,
    together with his Sermons,. L.ers. Discoures, Con-
    troversies, &c. with his Life by Birch; first Ameri-
    can, irom the twelfh English edition; complete in
    one volume, is just received, and for sale by W
    MORRI10N, four doors vest of Brown's Hotel.

    OWAIM'S VERMIFUGE-The moat umafal
    S Family Medicine ever offered to the public.
    This well known Anti-Dysenieric and Worm
    Medicine has proved successful these twelve years
    past, and is universally acknowledged by all who
    have tried it, to be lar superior to any other medi-
    cine ever employed in the diseases for which it is
    recommended. It is perfectly safe, and no child
    will refuse to take it.
    Worms being especially apt to infest persons of
    debilitated digestive organs and emaciated constitu.
    tions, much mischief is otten done by the ordinary
    worm medicines, which generally consist of the
    strongest purgatives, calomel, that destroyer of the
    constitution, bitters, pink reot, spirits of turpentine,
    wormseed oil, &c. &c. Articles of this kind may de.
    stroy woims, but they debilitate the stomach, and
    often materially injure the general health, without
    removing the cause. Swaim'si Vermifuge has the
    pecuitaradvantage or removing the cause of werms,
    by giving vigor and healthy action to.the stomach,
    bowels, and organs of digestion, thereby relieving
    measles, croup, whooping cough,&c. This medicine,
    by invigorating the internal functionsR, strenathening
    the organsofdigestion, and removing the primary
    cause which creates morbid secretions, will relieve
    Bowel Complaints, Cholic, Dysentery, Dyspepsia,
    and the whole train of biliary affectins, 8cck
    Headache, Acidity of the Stomach. Foul Breath,
    Bleeding Piles, &c. It is an antidote in the early
    stages of Fever and Cholera Morbus. As a general
    family medicine, it stands unrivalled, as it is ap-
    plicable to moit of the diseases to which children
    are subject. Swaim's Vermiluge will b, found of
    some utility to persons who occasionally indulge
    in the conviviality of the table; a dose taken be.
    fore dinner will anticipate the effects ot acidity ot
    the stomach, not unfrequiently produced by wine.
    In the neglect of ths, however, a dose in the
    morning or the following morning, will, in moal
    in.tanees, restore the tone ot these omach.
    Families resident in the c untry, and isolated i)
    a measure from medical advice, travellers jour.
    neying to the tar West, or bound to distant p rts,
    seminaries and all public institutions and charila',
    ble associations, will find this remedy, constantly
    at hand, of great utility.
    Prepared at SWAIM'S LABORATORY. Phila-
    delphia. HENRY JOHN SHARPE, General
    Agent, No. 46 Pine street, New York; and sold by
    every Druggist in the United States.
    Oct 20-3m WM SWAIM & SON.
    I This extraordinary medicine s a Purgative
    Medicine so justly balanced, and withal so natural
    to the human constitution, that they cannot possibly
    inj uran even the most delicate; at the same time,if used
    in such a manner as to produce free evacuations by
    the bowels, it is absolutely impossible for pain tl
    distress, of any kind, to continue long in the body.
    The reason is plain: they cleanse the system ol
    those humors which are opposed to health, and
    therefore invalids may use them with a cetainty of
    always obtaining relief, and persevere in the use ot
    them, with an equal certainty of being cured.
    In all disordered motions of the blood, called In
    termittent, Remittent, Nervous, Inflammatory, and
    The Indian Vegetable Pills will be found a certain
    remedy; because they cleanse the Stomach and
    Bowels of all bilious matter, and purify the blood
    consequently, as they remove the cause of every
    kind of disease, they are absolutely certain to cure
    every kind of Fever.
    So also when morbid humors are deposited upon
    the membrane and muscle, causing those pains, in'
    flammations, and swellings, coiled
    The Indian Vegetable Pills may be relied on as
    always certain to give relief, and if persevered with
    will most assuredly, and without fail, make a per-
    fect cure of-the above painful maladies. From
    three to six of said Indian Vegetable Bills, taken
    every night on going to bed, will, in a short time,
    completely rid the body of all morbid and corrupt
    humor: and rheumatism, gout, and pain of every
    description, will disappear as if by magic.
    For the same reason, when, from sudden changes
    of atmosphere, or any other cause, the perspiration
    is checked, and those humors which should pass
    off by the skin, are thrown inwardly, causing head-
    ache, nausea and sickness, pains in the bones, wa-
    tery and inflamed eyes, sore throat, hoarseness,
    coughs, consumption, rheumatic pains. in various
    parts of the body, and many other sympidtoms of
    The Indian Vegetable Pills will invariablygive im-
    mediate relief. Three or lour pills, taken at night
    on going to bed, and repeated a few times, will re-
    move all the above unpleasant symptoms and re-
    store the body to even -(.tndIsr health than it was
    before. The same may be -ai.E of nirricuLr or
    BREATHINO, or ASTHMA. The Indian Vegetable
    Pillb will loosen and carry off, by the stomach and
    bowels, those tough phlegmy humor% which stop up
    the air cells of the lungs, and are the cause of the
    above dreadful complaint.
    It should also be remembered the Indian Vege-
    table Pills are certain to remove pain ia the side,
    oppression, nauseau and sickness, Ioss of appetite,
    costiveness, a yellow tinge of the skin and eyes,
    and every other symptom of .
    Because they purge from the body those eorrupi
    and stagnant humors which, when deposited upon
    the Liver, are the cause of the above dangerous
    complaint. They are also a certain preventive of
    Because they carry i.ff those humors which, oh.
    structing the circulation, are the cause olt a rus!t
    or determinaticri of bh, od to the head--giddinesso
    especially on turning suddenly round-blindness-
    drowsiness-ioss of memory-inflammation of ihd
    brain-insanity, and every other disorder of the
    Those who labor within doors should remember
    that thty frequently breath au atmosphere whicl
    is wholly unfit for the proper expansion of th4
    lungs, and at the same time, owing to want of ex
    er-se, the bowels are not -ufficiently evacuated-
    the blood becomes impute, and headache, mudiges
    ion, palpitation of the heart, and many other dis-
    agreeable symptoms, are sure to follow.
    Being a cleanser of Stomach and Bowels, and
    a DIRaCT's PuRiPia qf Ihe Blood. are certain not
    only to remove pain or dimire.. of every kind.feom
    the body5 lut, if used oecacionag, so as to keep
    the body free from those humor which are the
    CAusr of EvERY MALADY uEnza HEAVEN, they
    will most assuredly te surih a JuSt and equal
    circulation of the Blood, that those who lead a se-
    dentary life will be enabled to enjoy
    And the fluids of the bor'v will be restored to such
    a stare of purity, that DISt ASE (iF NY KIND
    agenfs.-RiRn.av. FPABRBnM, WASnINrTOn CiT,;
    Wm G. Cook, North Gay sirvel, Blttmore.
    Race street. PHILAIDELPHIA Feh 7--1y

    J. continues to undertake she agency of claims
    before Congress, and other branches of the Go.
    vemrment, including commis..ioners under treaties,
    and the various public offices. He will attend to
    pre-emption and other land claims, the procuring
    of patents for public lands, and the confirmation

    by Congress of grants and claims to lands; claims
    for horses and other property lost in, or taken for,
    the service of the United States; property destroyed
    by the Indians, or while in the possession of the
    United Statics; invalid, revolutionary, navy, wi-
    dows' and half-pay pensions; claims for Revolu-
    tionary services, whether for commutation, half-
    pay, or bounty lands-as well those against the
    State of Virginia as the United States; all claims
    growing out of contracts with the Government, or
    damages sustained in consequence of the. action or
    conduct of the Government; and indeed any busi-
    ness before Congress or the public offices, which
    nay require the aid of an agent or attorney. His
    charges will be moderate, and depending upon the
    amount of the claim and the extent of the service.
    He is also Agent for the American Life Insu-
    rance and Trust Company, which has a capital of
    wo millions of dollars paid in; and for the Balti-
    more Fire Insurance Company.
    Mr. F. A. Dickins is known to most of those
    who have been in Congress within the last few
    years,or who have occupied any public station at
    His office is on Pennsylvania avenue, second
    door from 151h sireel.
    All letters muil be post paid. July 18-dly

    DUY. in two volume. ociavo, Price (for the
    set) five dollars, in ceif bin.dng.-Aif additional
    supply this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR,
    of the Course of Legal Study, addressed to stu-
    dents and the profusion generally by David Hoff-
    man, second edition, rewritten and much enlarge4