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F.P. Blair ( City of Washington D.C )
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3l.y paver, by me year $1000
ibr les ihati a year, @I pr month.
Semi week.y arpeI by LiWe ye.r 5 00
"tor I7C.0 than a year, 50 cer's .per mooth
I8lb ptiion rn o,,s lsily f ,r Isd itan I rw or L.O re Semi-
weekly (for linaetns lour monlthE. will rio tw rrCeil-,1
Subscribers may diVoCr1` i,'.J itiinr "a[.pra at .iy urne hby pay-
lnD lot the time they hae received them, but noM
Thows who subscribe Ior a ayeari',l dio inO9, ai ire time Oi
subcribinig order a .ia.-o.rmiiuar'ce at ihe en .t I4 1 l, njii I-
gonsidered subscrberb r ief ti they order tie ,iper 1E re rlup.-e ,J
and pay anrearages
Twelve lines, or less, three insertion, 01 00
]Every additional insertion, 0 215
Longer advertisements charged in proportion.
A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the year.
All payments to be made in advaee. Those who have not
an opportunity of paying otherwise, may remit by mail, at our
ralleostage pawd. The Postmastet's certificate of such re-
mittance shall be a sufficient receipt therefore. The notes ofany
specie-paying bank will be received.
No att ntfswill be given t oany ordersunleas the money,
or a Postmaster's certificate that it has een remitted, ac-
wpainies ,t.
ti Letters to the Proprietors, charged with postatge, wilt
et be taken out of the Post Office.

SThe steamboat JOSEPH
5JOHNSON, having resumed
mher trips on the above route,
will depart as follows, viz:
At 10 and 12 a.m. At 9 and 11 im.
At 2 and4p m. At 1 and 3 p. m.
Until further notice.
The trips from Georgetown are discontinued for
the season. IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.
Oct 15


Via the Chesapeake Bay.
run their splendid STEAMBOATS,
In connection with the PORTSMOUTH and ROANOtE
RAILROAD, leaving Baltimore, from the lower end
of Spear's wharf daily, in accordance with the fol-
lowing sched ule:
Leave BALTIMORE at 9 a. m.
Arrive at Portsmouth, Virginia, 180 miles, at or
before 11 p. m.
Leave PORTSMOUTH at 11l p. m.
"Arrive at Weldon, N. C. (80 miles,) at 6 a. m.
Leave Weldon, at 6j o'clock, a. m.
Arrive at Wilmington (161 miles) same eve-
ning. Leave immediately, and arrive at Charleston
(170 miles) next day before noon. Thus com-
pleting nearly 600 miles in about 50 hours, with
but three changes of person and bagsa ., and cornm-
paratively no fatigue, while, on any other inland
route, there are not less than ten changes in the
same distance.
Travellers preferring the Southwestern to the
Southern route-that is, not going through Charles-
ton-can have instant accommodation at Weldon,
by stage twelve miles to the Raleigh railroad,
which places them precisely where they would be
were they to go through WASHINGTON, FRE-
and GASTON, without any more expense, and
one half the fatigue.
Passengers for Richmond, who leave BALTI-
MORE by this line on Monday, Wednesday or
Friday, sleep on board the Bay boats, and dine in
Richmond the following day.
Nor the North, one of the above boats leaves
Portsmouth immediately on the arrival of the
Cars from Welden, and frequently puts passengers
into Baltimore in time to go on to Philadelphia by
the afternoon train of Cars. Those, therefore, who
select this line, are sure of arriving here as early as
by any other route, and stand a good chance of
HOURS in advance.
This despatch cannot be accomplished by any
other route than the CHESAPEAKE BAY-NOW
Preat. Md. and Va Co.
Aug 18-dtlst Jan


T 'HE "Baltimore Steam Packet Company"
Announce to the travelling public that they
have succeeded the Maryland and Virginia Steam-
boat Company, and are now carrying on the above
line in connection with the Portsmouth and Roan
oke Railroad and Roanoke, Wilmington, and
Charleston Railroad and Steamboat lines.
The following fast an4 superior steamboats are
employed on the Chesapeake:
One of which leaves the lower end of Spear's
* wharf, Baltimore, daily at 9 o'clock, a m. and
arrives at Portsmouth at 11 to 1Ii o'clock same
Cars are on the wharf waiting for travellers who
intend going further South. The moment the
baggage and passengers can be transferred, they
are off, and arrive at Weldon (80 miles) in ample
times to take the cars for Wilmington, where they
arrive same evening in time for the steamboat for
Charleston, arriving in the latter city next morning;
being about 50 hours from Baltimore, a distance of
600 miles.
ICj'This is the only route connecting with the
Wilmington Railroad at Weldon.
Travellers who prefer the Southwestern route,
that is, not going through Charteston,can have in-
stant accommodation at Weldon by stage 12 miles
to the Raleigh Road, which places them precisely
where they would be were they to go through
Gaston, without any more expense, and less than
one.half the fatigue.
Passengers for Richmond and P tersburg, by
leaving Baltimore in ihe boats of this line on Mon-
day, Wednesday5 or Friday, sleep on board, and
arrive in Richmond next afternoon about 3 o'clock.
Agent Baltimore Steam Packet Co. Bait.
Oct 22

The Passenger train on this read will
daily start as follows, viz:
From Washington for Baltimore at 6 o'clock a.
m. and at 54 p. m. From Baltimore for Washing-
ton at 9 o'clock a. m. and at 4 p. m. Passengers
by the morning train, if proceeding Westwardly,
can connect with the western train on the Baltimore

and Ohio Railroad at the R-lay House, reach Fre-
derick in time for the Western stages that leave
there at 2 o'clock p. m. for Harper's Ferry in time
for the evening train for Winchester. While pas-
sengers travelling Eastwardly, are conveyed
through to Philadelphia in time for the evening
line to New York, and they accomplish the journey
from Washington to New York in one day.
Under no circumstance, whatever, can the train
be delayed beyond the hour fixed for starting. It
is therefore respectfully suggested that passengers
precure their tickets the previous evening, to ena-
ble them to do which, the office will be kept open
till half past seven o'clock, p. m.
Oct 13 Agent.

passenger car will be despatched daily (except Sun-
day) wiih the tonnage train, mh:ch leaves Wash-
,,intn at 114 o'clock, a m. By this conveyance

PROPOSALS for publishing, in the town of
Abingdon, Virginia, a newspaper, entitled the
In establishing a new Democratic press in West-
ern Virginia, it becomes us to state Irtefly the mo-
tives which induce this step. They refer them-
selves chiefly to the two considerations of place
and time. This portion of the Old Dominion has
been hitherto an impregnable fortress of Democra-
cy. The origin, thehabits, the feelings of its people,
are essentially republican. They preserve in a great
degree the simplicity, the energy, and the equality of
their hardy and enterprising progenitors. They
are not influenced by the traditions of aristocracy,
they are nu t enervated by tIe corruptions of lux-
ury, nor separated into widely distinct classes, by a
disproportionate distribution of wealth. Hence, as
we have already said, the manly yeomanry of
Western Virginia are essentially Democratic, and
will remain so at heart, at least, until their circum-
stances and habits shall have undergone a thorough
change. The enemies of popular rights are aware
of this; and hence their hostile approaches are
insidious and deceptive. It is under the guise and
name of Democrats, that they seek to seduce the
people of Western Virginia from their allegiance
to their ancient faith and principles. For the pur-
pose of effecting their dishonest ends, they assume
the mask and affect the language of Democracy, as
spies introduce themselves into the opposite camp
to discover its weakness and plan its destruction.
This design has now become the settled policy of
the enemies of Democracy every where. Its princi-
ples are so just, and have found such favor with
the people, that its foes have renounced in despair
the plan of open opposition. It is as Republicans
that they seek to crush forever the Republican
party. It is as pretended Democrats that they seek
to destroy every thing which is valuable in Demo-
cracy. They fight under a false flag, and pour
their fire from a masked battery. But, fellow-
citizens, in order to detect them, you have only to
apply the test of principles and practice. This is a
comparison which the plainest and most simple-
minded man among you can make with success.
There can be in this country but two great poli-
tical -parties-the popular or Demciatic, and the
aristocratic or Federal. Democracy is founded
upon the equality of human rights; Federalism upon
individual power and privilege. The Republican
or Democratic party is in favor of a strict construc-
tion of the Constitution; of the rights reserved to, or
rather by, the States; of mild and equal laws which
create or recognize no distinction of men or creed;
of a policy which regards Ahe integrity and
welfare of the whole people, rather than the sudden
enrichment of particular classes by means of priv-
ileges as corrupting as they are unjust.
The Apostle of American Democracy has painted
its features so vividly, yet justly, that we cannot re-
frain from presenting them in his own beautiful
"Equal and exact justice to all men of whatever
state or persuasion, religious or political: peace,
commerce, and honest friendship with all nations,
entangling alliances with none: the support
of the State Governments in all'their rights, as the
most competent administrations for our domestic
concerns, and the surest bulwarks against anti-re-
publican tendencies: the preservation of the Gene-
ral Government, in its whole constitutional vigor,
as the sheet anchor of our peace at home and safe-
ty abroad; a jealous care of the right of election by
the people-a mild and safe corrective of abuses
which are lopped by the sword of revolution, where
peaceable remedies are unprovided: absolute acqui.
essence in the decisions of the majority-the vital
principle of Republic., from which there is no appeal
buttoforce-the vital principle and immediate parent
of despotism; a well-disciplined militia, our best re-
liance in peace, and for the first moments of war,
Ill regulars "niay relieve them: the supremacy of
the civil over ,he military authority: economy in
the public expense that labor may be lightly bur-
thened: the honest payment of our debts, and sacred
preservation of the public faith; encouragement
of agriculture and commerce as its handmaid:
the diffusion of information, and arraignment of
all abuses at the bar of inublie reason: u..- t of
religion, freedom of the pies : en I freed( m of
person, under the protection cl the habeas corpus,
and trial by juries impartially selected. These
principles form the bright constellation which has
gone before us, and guided our steps through an
age of revolution and reformation. The wisdom
of our sages and blood of our heroes have been de-
voted to their attainment. They should be the
creed of our political faith; the text of civic instruc-
tion; the touchstone by which to try the services of
those we trust; and should we wander from them
in moments of error and alarm, let us hasten
to retrace our steps, and regain the road which
alone leads to peace, liberty and safety."
These, fellow-citizens, are our principles,
and we are sure that they are also yours.
Let us briefly apply them as a "touchstone"
to the doctrines of the party to which we are
opposed, and which seeks to persuade you that it
maintains the ancient Republican faith. The large
majority of (hat party is in favor of a Bank of the
United States, which was the first and grossest vio-
lation of the Constitution; which is a great anti-
republican monopoly; which traded upon the reve-
nue and centralized the capital of the country; which
by its dangerous power over the currency, produced
plenty or want, at pleasure; which corrupted the
leaders of the press, and retained as its feed advo-
cates some of the first statesmen in the country.
The Federal or Opposition party is in favor of a
gigantic scheme o1 internal improvements by the
General.Government, without warrant of the Con-
stitution; a scheme which would lavish the re-
sources of the country upon every wild and abor-
tive project; which would introduce the most
corrupt bargaining in Congress; and which
would create the necessity for a heavy taxa-
tion, or a vast and accumulating national
debt. The Federal party, whatever name it may
assume, is generally in favor of a protective tariff,
which finds no sanction in the Constitution; which
is an indirect taxation of the most oppressive kind;
which exalts one portion of the country by the de-
pression of the other; : which is fatal to the
prosperity of the planting States; which de-
stroys all harmony among the diff--rent sections
of the Union, and which has once brought us to
the brink of civil war. The Federal party is in
favor of giving up the national income to institu-
tions not known to the Constitution, nor created or
controlled by Congress, that it may be employed
to stimulate speculation at the expense of pri-
vate morals, solid p,'n-r.erly, and the pob
lie security and v.-lfar.-. The modern Fe-
deral party is in favor of an assumption
of the debts of the States, direct, or indirect through
a division of the proceeds of the public lands; a
prejecr, unjust, partial, and corrupting; and which
would impose upon every poor man in the country,
the burdensome consequences of all thl follies o1
a period of wild speculation.
But it is impossible to enumerate in so brief a
space, the characteristics which identify the present
Opposition with the early enemies of Republican-
ism This party isstrengihened, at this time, by
,arious factious elements which are united only by
the bond of a common hatred. Among these themost
dangerous are Abolitionism, which would over-
leap the Constitution to forment insurrection and se-
ver the Union; and Antimasonry, which wIuld sub-
stitute for the freedom of mind, an inqsisitorial ty.
To all these principles and all these objects, fel-
fow-citizens, Democracy is hostile. It represents

and appeals to the plain sense and honest feeling*
of the mass of the community. It has faith
in the people, confidence in r-ePi-g.vernterni,
and conviction that public pri.'perirv can only be
promoted by the same ca i'*- anrI means which
produce private happiness, viz: rutf.ri'- and in-
dustry. This is our profession i.-i 'h, and this
will always be the creed of the "LiTTLz TENNES-

pa-sengers are afforded on opportunity of reaching BEEAN." in time to connect with the evening train In embarking in the present arduous enterprise,
of cars for I h'ladelphia, or with the Western mail we are well aware of the importance of our posi-
train at the Relay House, and thus enabling them tion, and the responsibility we shall incur; baur, in-
to reach Philadelphia by ll and Frederick by 81 spired with those principles which our fathers have
o'clock the same night. bequeathed us as a leacy worthy of perpetuation,
By order: SAM'L STETTINIUS, we shall boldly and fearlessly discuss those princi
Oct 13 Agent. pies without hesitation or reservation; and we must
here impress upon our friends the absolute neces-
NiTOTICE.-EDWARD MAYNARD, DENTIST, sity of their m wrchinc up boldly and sustaining its,
S has returned to town and resumed the prac- not with the mere form of subscribing, but with th-
Ie of his profession. Third st, 20th Oct. 1840. nwmiAe and the needle. This is the surest gua-


An effectual cure for Gonorrhosi, G eets,
Strictures, &e. Of all the remedies yet di-covered
for the cure of these complain's, the Vegetable
Pils have been tte most eff-ctual, as they have
never been known to fail to effect a permanent
cure. They are mild and pleasant to take, yet
powerful in their action, an 1 may be taki-n wi-h-
oit the knowledge of the most intimate friend.
These Pills are put up in square boxes, with full
directions to-,rmpunan .; ah box. For sale at
JOS. FR \NCE.'S ('gr andl Fancy Store, Penn.
avenue, between 3 and 41 streets.
W. KIRKWOOD'S, corner 12Jh street and the
CHfIARLES STOTT, corner of 7th street and
the avenue.
In Georgetown, by 0. M. LINTHICUM.
Oct 29-1y

partment.-The Lectures will commence in
this Institution on the first Monday of November
next, in the New College Edifice, in Filbert above
Eleventh street.
Anatomy and Physiology, SAMUEL GEORGE
The Theory and Practice of Medicine, WIL-
Materia Medica and Pharmacy, SAMUEIiCQL-.
Obstetrics and the Diseases of Women and
Chemistry and Natural Philosphy, WALTER
The Students of Pennsylvania College are admit-
ted to the Practice of the Pennsylvania and Block-
ley Hospitals on the same terms as the other Stu-
dents of the city. They besides have the advan-
tage of attending the daily demonstrations from
cases of disease at the dispensary of the College in
Filbert street.
Sep 8-3tawtN2 No. 15 south Seventh street.

ranty of our success, which will inspire new vigor
into the hearts of those who are battling for prince.
ples, in contradistinction to those who have none
except log cabins, coon skins, and hard cider, which
are entirely unworthy of tue descendants of the
fathers of the American Revolution. All subscri-
bers must pay us in advance, because
we cannot, and will not, incur the responsi-
bility of booking so many small accounts
,hieh necessarily occur in newspaper esta-
blishments. We have incurred considerable ex-
pense in procuring an entirely new establishment,
and placed ourselves on the outer walls of the Con-
stitution, as faithful sentinels, ready to sound the
tocsin of alarm to Old Virginia, whose principle
are identified with the character of her illustrious

jWAIM'S VERMIFUGE.-The most useful
0 Family Medicine ever offered to the public.
This well known Anti-Dysenteric and Worm
Medicine has proved successful these twelve years
past, and is universally acknowledged by all who
have tried it, to be far superior to any other medi-
cine ever employed in the diseases for which it is
recommended. It is perfectly safe,,and no child
will refuse to take it.
Worms being especially apt to infest persons of
debilitated digestive organs and emaciated constitu-
tions, much mischief is often done by the ordinary
worm medicines, which generally consist of the
strongest purgatives, calomel, that destroyer of the
constitution, bitters, pink reot, spirits of turpentine,
wormseed oil, &c. &c. Articles of this kind may de-
stroy worms, but they debilitate the stomach, and
often materially injure the general health, without
removing the cause. Swaim's Vermifuge has the
peculiar advantage of removing the cause of worms,
by giving vigor and healthy action to the stomuch,
bowels, and organs of digestion, thereby relieving
measles, croup, whooping cough,&c. This medicine,
by invigorating the internal functions, strengthening
the organs ofdigestion, and removing the primary
cause which creates morbid secretions, will relieve
Bowel Complaints, Cholic, Dysentery, Dyspepsia,
and the whole train of biliary affections, Sick
Headache, Acidity of the Stomach, Foul Breath,
Bleeding Piles, &c. It is an antidote in the early
stages of Fever and Cholera Morbus. As a general
family medicine, it stands unrivalled, as it is ap-
plicable to most of the diseases to which children
are subject. Swaim's Vermifuge will be found of
some utility to persons who occasionally indulge
in the conviviality of the table; a dose taken be-
fore dinner will anticipate the effects of acidity of
the stomach, not unfrequently produced by wine.
In the neglect of this, however, a dose in the
morning or the following morning, will, in most
instances, restore the tone of the stomach.
Families resident in the country, and isolated it
a measure from medical advice, travellers jour,
neying to the far West, or bound to distant ports,
seminaries and all public institutions and charita-
ble associations, will find this remedy, constantly
at hand, of great utility.
Prepared at SWAIM'S LABORATORY, Phila-
delphia. HENRY JOHN SHARPE, General
Agent, No. 46 Pine street, New York; and sold by
every Druggist in the United States.
Oct 20-3m WM. SWAIM & SON.

l ished, a new edition of the Life of Lord
Byron, with his letters and journals, by Thomas
"As a composition it deserves to be classed
among the best specimens of English prose which
our age has 'produced."
"The letters, at least those which were sent from
Italy, are among the best in our language. They
are less affected than those of Pope and Walpole;
they have more matter in them than those of Cow-
"And if the epistolary style of Lord Byron was
artificial, it was a rare and admirable instance of
that highest art which cannot be distinguished from
nature."-XMaeaulay's Miscellanies, page 388.
Complete in 2 octavo volumes, handsome edi-
tion, with periraits. Price $3 25. Just received
Oct. 28
S HAWLS.-I have on band a large assortment
of Shaws, consisting of
Rich Cashmere Shawls, white and mode colored
Do. do. black grounds
Fine Brobcha Shawls, all colors
Medium and low-priced do
Blanket Shawls
Kabyle do
Plain Thibet Shawls, black and mode colors
Rich black velvet Mantillas
Do colored do
Do cut velvet do changeable
Black and colored plush Mantillas
Rich silk do
Black satin do
Oct. 26-3t D. CLAGETT.
October 12, 1840.
SOTICE is hereby given, that the Library of
Congress will be closed on Tuesday) the 27th
instant, and will not again be opened until Tues-
day, the 24th of November.
JOHN S. MEEHAN, Librarian.
Oct 12-3tawlm

December 13, 1837.
T is respectfully mAde known that merchandise
or other commodities received at th's Depot,
for delivery in this city, or to be forwarded to Bal-
timore, or to points on 6,e line of the road, wilt
hereafter be subject to the following regulations, of
which those interested will please take notice:
1st. The freight and charges on all goods con-
signed to individuals in this city or its i ,,e,,ir must
be paid before their removal from the D[ie.r
2d. Commodities offered for transportation must
be distinctly marked, and be accompanied by a
list, in duplicate, of the number and description ot
packages to be forwa.ded, the name of the cn-
,ignee, and of the per;y forwarding the same,
otherwise they cannot be received.
The Company will not be responsible for damage
arising from leakage or breakage, nor will they be
responsible for damage alleged to have been re-
ceived by any goods or commodities transported by
them unless the claim shall be made before the
removal of the goods from the Depot. Further,
if goods which shall have been transported on this
road be not received or taken away by their con-
signee or owners on the day of their arrival a' the
Depot, the Company will not be responsible for
or pay any claims toe loss or damage which may
be sustained by such goods, in other words, if
goods, as above described, be permitted to remain
in or en the cars on the railway, or at the Depot,
one or more nights after their arrival, they will re-
main so at the exclusive riik of the owners or con-
The hour for receiving and delivering goods will,
until further notice, be from 9 a. m. u'tr.I 4 p. m.
Oct 13-tf Agent.

-EDWIN C. ESTES, at No. 167 Pearl
street, offers his services to merchants, planters,
and others, in the purchase of every description of
foreign and domestic merchandise, as well as in
the sale of cotton.
He promises fidelity and promptness in filling
any order sent to him, and making returns for any
property entrusted to him for sale, and refers to
Hon. R. Chapman, M. C. City of Washington.
Jos. Brewster, New York.
Lester, Holmes and Co. New York.
P. Fanning, Norwich, Connecticut.
George and A. B. Hager, Boston.
Fuerson, Dale and Co. New Orleans.
Keyes and Roberts, 3 New Orlens
Gen. J. W. Garth, Decatur, Ala.
John J. Massey, Pickensville, Ala.
Hon. David C. Neal, Wetumka, Alt.
Bull and Files, Mobile, Ala.
I. D. Fuller, le Ala
Hon. J. L. Martin, Tuscaloosa, Ala.
C. C. Norvell, Nashville, Tenn.
D. A. Smith, esq. Jacksonville, Ill.
Jas. Brown, Oxford, Miss.
R. M. Williamson, Jackson, Miss.
Win. T. Lewis, Woodville, Miss.
Aug 13-2aw6m*
COLUMBIA-The Lectures in the Medical
Department of this Institution will commence on
the first Monday in November, annually, and con-
tinue until the first of March.
During this period, full courses will be delivered
on the various branches of Medicine by
THOMAS SEWALL, M. D. Professor of Pa-
thology and the Practice of Medicine.
THOMAS P; JONES, M. D. Professor of Che-
mistry and Pharmacy.
HARVEY LINDSLY, M. D. Professor of Ob-
stetrics, and the Diseases of Women and Children.
THOMAS MILLER, M. D. Professor of Ana-
tomy and Physiology.
JOHN M. THOMAS, M. D. Professor of Ma-
teria Medica and Therapeutics.
J. FREDERICK MAY, M. D. Professor of
Surgery; late Professor of Surgery in the Univer-
sity of Maryland.
SAMUEL C. SMOOT, M. D. Demonstrator
of Anatomy.
The Medical College is situated at the corner ol
10th and E streets, equi-distant from the Capitol
and the President's House.
In the arrangements of this building, and the
organization of the school, particular reference has
been had to the study of Practical Anatomy, a
branch which the student will er, ),y peculiar facili-
ties for cultivating.
The Professor of Surgery will show all the ope-
rations upon the recent subject, and afford the stu-
dent an opportunity of repeating the more impor-
tant ones withhis own hand.
The Professor of Chemistry has a complete
Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus.
The Professor of Obstetrics will illustrate his
lectures by obstetrical apparatus, and an ample
collection of preparations and drawings.
As there are many young men of talent and
worth in different parts of our country who, from
restricted circumstances, are unable to avail them-
selves of the benefit of public lectures, the Profes-
sors have resolved to admit, gratuitously, two such
students from each of the States, and one from
each of the Territories. In order, however, to
guard against individuals whose education and cha-
racter do not quality them to become useful mem-
bers of the profession, the selection is placed in the
hands of the Senators and Delegates of Congress,
each of whom has the right to select one student
from his respective State or Territory, and whose
certificate of selection will be a passport to all the
lectures, by paying only, on entering the school,
the usual matriculating fee of five dollars.
The entire expense, for a Course of Lectures by
all the Professors, is $70. Dissecting Ticket $10;
optional with the student.
The requisites for graduation are, that the can-
didate shall have attended the lectures of each Pro-
fessor two full courses, or one full course in this
school, and one in some other respectable institu-
tion. He shall have entered his name with the
Dean of the Faculty as a candidate for graduation,
and delivered to him an inaugural dissertation on
some medical subject, thirty days before the
close of the session, and pass a satisfactory exami-
All persons who have attended two full courses
of lecture in this school, are entitled to attend suc-
ceeding courses free of expense. ,
The degrees are conferred by the authority of
the Columbian College, incorporated by an act of
Congress of the United States.
Good board can be procured at from three to
four dollars per week.
Dean of the Faculty.
City of Washington, June 2, 1840-2awtlN
ORPHAN'S CcaRT, Nov. 3, 1840.
District of Columbia, Washington County, to wit:
Of N application, it is ordered that letters of ad-
S ministration on the estate of John L. Ball
late a Lieutenant in the Navy of the United States,
deceased, be granted to James H. Causten, unless
cause to the contrary be shown on or before th-
first Tuesday in December next: Provided, a copy
of this order be published in the Intelligencer and
Globe newspapers of this city once a week for three
successive weeks previous to said first Tuesday is
December next. NATH'L P. CAUSIN,
Judge Orphans' Court.
Test: ED. N. ROACH,
Nov 4-w3w Register of Wills.
r|1HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE, That the sub-
U scriber has obtained from the Orphan's
Court of Washington county, in the District of
Columbia, letters of administration on the personal
estate of John Barry, late of Washington county,
deceased. All persons having claims against the
deceased, are hereby warned to exhibit the same,
with the vouchers thereof, to the subscriber on or
before the 20th day of Oetober next. They may
otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of
said estate.
Given under my hand and seal this 20th day of
October, 1840. JOHN FOOTE,
Oct 20-law3w Administrator.

OaPHANS' CoUaT, October 20; 1840.
Ordered, that the administrator of John Barry,
late of Washington county, deceased, give the no-
tice r-quired by law to the creditors of said de-
ceased, by advertisement once a week for three
weeks in one of the newspapers ot the city of
Washington, D.C.
Tist: ED. N. ROACH,
0ta21--1aw3w Regis'er of Wills.
NEW SILKS.-I have jlst opened-
10 pieces rich striped changeable. Gros de
4 dress patterns Chenia Silk
20 pieces rich changeable Gros dc Algiers
10 do striped,Gros de Naples
Wh ch, with my former steck, which is very
large, I will offer at very low prices.
Oct 26-3t D. CLAGETT,

2 vols. Stokes's LacturiSwtlt Thefory and
Practice of Physic, with noteW, a 'twelve addi-
tional Lectures, by John Belf,AM. D. 1 vol. Mis-
cellanies on Homaeopathy, by an association of
Homoeopathic Physicians, 1 vol. Scoutetten on the
Radical Cure of Clubfoot, 1 vol. Warren's Surgi-
cal Observations on Tumors, with cases and ope-
rations, 4 vol. Eurdell on the Structure, Physiolo-
gy, Anatomy, and Diseases of the Teeth, 1 vol.
The Philosophy of Human Nature in its I', .'-il,
Intellectual, and Moral Relationh, by I1. McCor-
mac, M. D. London; The Comparative State of
Medicine in France, England, and Germany, by
A. Muehry, M. D. of Hanover, 1 vol. Twecdie on
Fevers, Inflammation and Diseases of the Skin, 1
vol. just received, together with many other medi-
cal and surgical works, and for sale at the lowest
prices by F. TAYLOR.
Alvo, the latest numbers of Bell's Medical Li-
brary, of Dunglison's Medical Magazine, of the
American Journal of Medical Sciences, and of the
New York and Baltimore Medical and Surgical
Journals, for each of which the advertiser acts as
agent, and will have them regularly forwarded to
any part of the United Sla'es.
N OTICE.-This is to give notice that the sub-
L scribers hath obtained from the Orphan's
Court of Charles County letters testamentary on
the personal estate of William Budd, late of said
county, deceased. All persons having claims
against the said deceased, are hereby -.A, t.i-. I to
exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the
subscribers, on or before the twenty-tifth of March
next. They may otherwise by law be excluded
rom all benefit of the said estate.
Given under our hands this 25th day of Septem-
ber, 1840. ARTIMACIA BUDD,
Oct 1-law4w Executor.
ORPHANS' COURT, September 22, 1840.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Washington county, ts wit:i:
N the case of William S. Nicholls, administra-
tor de bonis non of James Kincaid, of said coun-
ty, deceased, the said administrator, with the ap-
probation of the Orphans' Court, has appointed the
second Tuesday in April, 1841, -for the final settle-
ment of said estate, and for payment and distribu-
tion, in the court's direction and control, of the as-
sets in said administrator's hands to the legal repre.
sentatives ef said deceased; at which time and place
the said legal representatives are requested: Pro-
vided a copy of this order be published once a
month for three months previous to said second
Tuesday in April next, 1841.
Sept. 29 Register of Wills.
SOTICE -This is to give notice that the subt
scriber has obtained from the Orphan's Cour-
of Washington County, in the District of Columbia,
letters of administration, with the will annexed, on
the personal estate of Samutel Kendall, late of said
cot nty, deceased. All persons having claims
against the deceased, are hereby warned to exhibit
the same, with the vouchers thereof, to the sub-
scriber, on or before the 15th day of October next.
They may otherwise by law be excluded from aill
benefit of said estate, and those indebted to the said
estate will please to make immediate payment to
Given under my hand this 15 h day* of October,
Oct 16-law3w Administratrix.

scriber has obtained from the Orphans' Court
of Washington county, in the District of Colum-
bia, letter of administration, with the will annexed,
on the personal estate of Elizabeth A. Greenfieldl,
late of "Washingtoncounty aforeAid, dceasad. AHl
persons having claims against the deceased are
hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouch-
ers thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the 28th
day of March next: they may otherwise by law be
excluded frem all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand, this 281h day of March,
Oct. 26-law3t Adm'r, will annexed.

OaRPHANS' COURT, March 28, 1840.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIa, Washington Csunty, to wit:
Ordered, That the administrator, with the will
annexed, of Elizabeth A. Greenfield, late of Wash-
ington county, deceased, give the notice required
by law to the creditors of said deceased, by adver-
tisement, once a week for three weeks, in one of
the newspapers of the city of Washington, D. C.
Test: ED. N. ROACH, Reg'r Wills.
Sff'IHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE, that the sub-
scriber hath obtained from the Orphan's
Court of Charles County, in Maryland, le'ters of
administration on the personal e'tste of Thomas
Jones, late of Charles county, deceased.
All persons having claims against the said de-
ceased, are hereby warnedto exhibit the same, with
the vouchers thereof, to the subscriber, at or before
the 10th of May next-they may otherwise by law
be excluded from all benefit of the said estate.
Given under my hand, this 27th day of October,
Oct 2S-w4p Exonlita'
SHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE, that the sub-
scriber has obtained from the Orphans'
Court of Washington county, in the District of Co-
lumbia, letters ot administration on tI.e personal
estate of Win. W. Edwards, late of Washington
county, deceased. All persons having claims against
the deceased,are heresy warned to exhibit the same,
with the vouchers thereof, to the subscriber, on or
before the 13th day of November ncx'; they may
otherwise, by law, be excluded from all benefit of
said estate.
Given under my hand this 131h day of Novem-
ber, 1840. J. L. EDWARDS, Adm.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIt, Washingtin county, to wit:
Ordered, That the adminis.ralor of William W.
E Awards, late of Washington couny, deceased,
give the notice required by law to the creditors of
said deceased, by advertisement once a week for
uhree weeks in one of the newspapers of the city of
Washington, D. C.
Tesa: ED. N. ROACH,
Nov. 13-law3w kbegisitr of Will.
A CARD.-If John Reynolds, John Claypool,
or Samuel B. Chandler, who on the 14th
July, 1835, entered at Galena the east half of the
southeast quarter of section 22, township 16 north,
range 11, east of the fourth principal meridian, will
either of them give information to the -ubscriber,
or to William Lowry, esq. of LaSalle, Ill. whether
they have sold the same, or still hold it, they will
confer a great favor upon Mr. Lowry. A letter di-
rected to Mr. L. at La Salle, La Saslle co. Illinois-,
or the subscriber, at the same place, willbe re-
ceived with great pleasure.
Sept 30-4w*5
SPUATT, Profes'or of Muiic, (12th street,
south of Pennsylvania avenue,) has just received a
rosewood Piano, superior to any instrument sent to
this District. Its exterior i. a perfect specimen o(
beautiful cabinet work. I's rich and magnificent
tone equals in power the largest grand pianos ; i!
has a third pedal, producing tones. of inconceivable
sweetness, for which Messrs. Gilbert have obtained
a patent. It is not possible to give an adequate
idea by description. Professors, amateurs, and
others, whether wishinig t,) purchase or not, are

Ar*^ f<



--- --- _*m_ .- -

Sores, Syphilis, and the host of painful and hith-
erto incurable affections resulting therefrom; White
Sv.elti.ri.-, diseases of the Liver and Skin, General
Debiliv. &i. and all diseases arising from Impurity
of the Blood.
This medicine, is particularly recommended as
an allerative and a purifier of the Blood. It gives a
tone and vigor to, debilitated constitutions which in-
valids are unconscious of until they have experi-
enced its effects.
It is also recommended in Diseases where the
Lungs and Breast are supposed to be affected, and
also where the constitution is broken down by the
use of Mercury or Quinine.
The Swaim's Panacea is an accredited antidote to
the diseases peculiar to tropical latitudes. It is made
use of en all plantations, and provesa speedier, a
more certain and less expensive medium of perfect
restoration than any other medicine hitherto known
or employed.
This medicine has the singular fortune-a just
tribute to its great merit-of being recommended by
the mist celebrated practitioners of medicine in the
United Stales and Europe; whereas not one of the
spurious mixtures made in imitation ef it has the
least support from the medical faculty. This fact
offers an argument so plain and conclusive that it
needs only to be mn tioned to enforce conviction.
Swaim's Panacea is recommended to all those inva-
lids for whom physicians prescribe .i,rtrfariln
S, fiif ., Extracts, &e.
Swaim's Panacea is it round bottles, fluted longi-
tudinally, with the following word blown in the
glass, "Swaim's Panacea, Philadelphia," having
but one label, which covers the cork, with the sig-
nature of Wmn. Swaim on it, so that thecoik (bear.
ing also upon it, as a seal, the impression, "Win.
Swaim") cannot be drawn without destroying the
signature, without wh;ch none is genuine. The
medicine may consequently be known to be genuine,
when the signature is visible; to counterfeit it will
be punished as forgery.
Prepared at SWAIM'S LABORATORY, Phila-
delphia. HENRY JOHN SHARPE, General
Agent, No. 46 Pine street, New York; and sold by
every Driu:i,.i ;i, the United States.
Oct. li--.....l,n WM. SWAIM & SON.
GELO ha 'n" taken the three story house east side
of 6th street, between E and F streets, will open on
the first Monday of October next a Day School for
a very limited and select number of young ladies,
to whom, with the assistance of other competent
instructors, a thorough English education will be
imparted, together with Music on the Piano or
Guitar, after the true Italian school, and the French
and Spanish languages, if required.
These: sir u, .2. iualsoba taught in class to
:,'i -l:inrii ti-ni 7 1., I1 o'clock in the evening,
.,-!r hi. favorite practico-theoretical method, by
which the w.ii;,., scholar, endowed with but com-
mon understanding, will, in the course of three or
four months, be able to perfect himself in the lan-
guage he is .in.. :; .., without the assistance of a
teacher. H. v ill need no grammar, nor be
obliged to commit any thing to memory; he will
only want a blank book, in which to insert a few
essential rules, which differ from those of his native.
tongue, and a class book, which will aid him at the
same time in pronunciation, oiilh .-_a1 t', transla-
tions, analysis, &e. Conversation, writing under
dictation, and other exercises, as useful as pleasant,
will chipfly be upon subjects iw. r.:. Gi, to the mer-
ohant, the lawyer, the physician, &c. Latin and
Italian will also be taught, in class or privately,
at his residence or abroad, and accommodating ar-
rangements made with public institutions. Trans-
lations in Erecl, hi, French, Latin, ItaJiaqo and
O1t.,-r, ..i .: -.vilh exactness and despatch.
-- Prr',.-;, or Compositors desirous of hbe-
comingactiainted, in a few lessons, with the French,
Spanish, and Italian orthographies, to spell with
ease and correctness those languages on manuscripts
entrusted to them for publication, could form a
separate class.
Terms made known on application.
Mr. 8. an inhabitant, during seventeen years, of
the United States, of which he became, in 1823, a
naturalized citizen, thinks to have had sufficient
time to learn upon what basis the best system of a
Republican education should be grounded; and
formerly a Professor of Languages in the Columbia
r', tt-" of New York, and a director of renowned
literary and scientific institutions during six years
in New York, two in Mexico, and five in New Or-
leans, finding himself in possession of a volum-
nous repertory of the most flattering testimonials
from persons of the hibhert standing in both worlds,
i b.hi, ,! well his lit .: ;, ..r t-e task as the re-
-r.r-',,-Ii..i,, of his character, refrains here from
,., ,1. ; .I i r : ef-rences.

ORPHlAN's CouRT, Sept. 25, 1840.
DJistrict of Columbia, Washington county, to wit:
O N APPLICATION, it is offered, that letters
of administration be granted to John Foote,
on the estate of John Barry, late of Washington
county, District of Columbia, deceaFed, unless
cause be shown to the contrary en or before the
third Tuesday of October next: Provided, a copy
of this order be published in the Globe and Intelli-
gencer newspapers once a week for three succes-
sive weeks previous to said third Tuesday in October
next. True copy-Test:
Oct 8-w3t Register of Wills.
of Richmond, Kentucky, cures by his mode of
,rr..:,-.n ,.a the ear, about four cases out of five
n .t. .i.-r-.-. aHe has restored to hearing a number,
of individuals after its loss, to a ti. at '.-uteni., fron>
ten to twenty years, and in one ii-.,,ihep for near
forty years; and this individual now hears well.
The length of time deafness has existed is not con-
clu-ive evidences that hearing cannot be re-
From the fact that a great majority of the large
number deprived of the inestimable faculty of
hearing, can be restored by his mode if operating
and treatment, in some instances by a single opera-
tion, and at farthest in a few weeks or months,
he invites all those who are deaf to come and be
restored. Cases from a distance will not be re-
quired to remain longer than a few days.
;f .k. i h of the origin and rise of the wi.rl,-its-
In.,i.', ,iv in the city of New York, by Hobirt
Berrian, is now offered for sale at the printing office
of Win. Greer, on F, near 9th streets. Price 6 cents
single copy, 50 cents a dozen, and $3 a hundred.
geon Dentist, respectfully announces to the
slitres and g- ntlemen of Washington and its vi-
c nity, that he has e.tabli.hed himself permanent-
ly at the corner of Pennsylvania avenue and Se-
cond street, east of ihe railroad depot, where he
may be consulted three ughout the year, in the va-
rious branches of his profession.
Determined to render complete satisfaction to
ithoe who may favor him with their patronage,
Mr. McCONNELL has labored assiduusly for Se-
veral years in acquiring a thorous.h knowledge of
the mechanical and surgical branches of his profes-
sion; besides which, he has derived the benefit of
the closest personal observation during a recent
tour of nearly seven years in Europe.
T. Sewall, M. D. H. Lindaly, M. D.
F. May, M. D N P. Caosin. M. D.

Norbeck Mr,. Mary Nevius J. S.
Nottingham Mrs. Mary
Orme Mrs. Maria W. OA tM i% 0. C.
Oliver Miss Margaret ,

Page Sarah Ann
Perris Thos. A.
Putnam Stiliman
Petit Adonis
Parker Mr. U. S. N.
Philips John
Patton Wm. W.

Reeves R. B.
Reidl John 2
Radd Joseph T.
Read Miss Fanny
Roose George
Reid Mrs. Mary
Rhind John

Eiekrell Thomas
P.i..' r; W qiiri
Poindexter r-.i
Philleo Dr. t i,.ilo
Parker Wro. H.
Peters Mrs. Louisa
Parker Gan.
Riley Miss Elizabeth B.
Ridgley J. S. U. S. N.
Renner Dr. Geo. A.
Russ.Il Ellison
Rudolph Miss Rebecca F.
Rabbitt'Mrs. Mary

Smith Philip Scott Dr. J.
Sears Miss Charlotte Seawell Capt. W.
Slade Mr. Sewall C.
Smoot Mrs. B. M. Sanderson Nicholas G.
Stump Mrs. Catharine Shaclefort Miss Ann
Spence Mrs. Maria Sanders Matthew
Scott Miss Mary C. Spillman Mrs. Rachel
Smith Mrs. Ann Sherman Leonard B.
Smith J. L. Sagar Hiram
Sloan James Stedman Miss
Twig Mrs. Maria Tompkins Capt. D. D.
T'homas John Throckmorton Miss C. S.
Thompson John Thruston Chas. M..
Taylor Lt. R. D. Talburt Geo. W.
Wright Thomas Wird Francis
Wood Mrs. Sutan Worthington W. M.
Wade Nelson 2 Wilson Thadeus D.
Wade Hamilton Williams Col. Samuel
Waughjr. Beverly Judge Wallis Henson
Ward Napoleon B. Wilkinson William 2
Wood Henry S. Williams Miss Julia M.
Wells Capt. C. Wilson William
Wnite Henry Windsor Lorenzo B.
S Young Richard L.
d='The itiland posage on all letters intended to
go by ship must be pai 1; ottie, ri r-. ,h-v remain in
this office. J. S. tuUNNCLL, P. M.
Nov 15, 1840

N EW MUSIC.-Just received, at the old esta-
blishcd Store, two doors east of the City Post
Office, a very extensive collection of New Music,
(too numerous to enumerate,) amongst which are
the f."h. ,r,e--
Tii Farmer of Ntir.h Bend-the most popular
ng extant
TipandTy; Pleasing Pair-composed by Haydn
Bunker Hill Song; Softly steals the fading light
The Evergreen-poetry by G. Morris, esq.
Land Hot (o do
Love',, Memories-a beautiful ballad
B'est-sed is he that eometh-from the Oratorio of
My flock, my friends, farewell do do
'ris well my brother do do
Come gentle sleep do do
SG od-byr-i favorite ballad
The past, the past-composed for the Monumen-
tal Pair
Tne better land--ly Mrs. Hemans,
Fairy Ronfido-by Fiorini
Favorite French Air-an easy lesson
Tell me Soldier-arranged as a Rondo
Fantasia-wiih variations on'the admired Scotch
Air of Roy's Wife of Aldivalloch
Boston Mu ical Souvenir
Frankford March-by R. Breiter
Col. Greenough's GLuick Sti p
.Eo;us Wal.z and Gallopade
Zrena Waltz-by Krn.,'lt
A Grand Waltz-by 0. inrihi
Darces Brillanter-by Knlliwoda
Es}er DLnc- s complete iia sets witit-,irnentev to
each. W. FICHER.
Nov 12

5'OF LIVERWORT.-For the care of
Coughs, Colds, Whooping Cough, ,%th4ic, Sore
Stomach, pain in the side, and all diseases of the
Lungs. For the above complaints, this medicine
stands unrivalled for its ejil.,aci-ii is prepared
wholly from ve.erables. Also, it. efficacy for the
cure of the Liver ,'.rqpl Air.,. t. full established. I
aenetion the name,- r,,t.i a I of thousands who
-nave been cured by ;,i. invaluable mfedicine-for
dlaces of residence, see inside directions. Price 50
C. Ellis, M. D. Elisha Horton, D F. Woodbury,
T'hos. Haskiiin, jr. B. F. Brown, Hlorace Gall,
Vliss L. Howard, and E. Williams.
For sale at
Jan 29 TODD'S Drug Store,


,^^ ^

Bright Jacob
Brown J. R.
Brown Miss Ann
Betner Jas. E.
Berry Mrs. Eliza T.
Burrass Mrs. Jane S.
Bryan Elizabeth
Beveridge Miss H. M.
Bellinger Elizabeth
Boswell William

Crown James C.
Clark John
Crane Corn. Win. M.
Clark jr. Henry
Coke William
Clarke Sophia
Collier Richard
Candee Charles

Dale George
Drake William E.
Diggs Charles
Denham Z. W.

Emory Mrs. Deborah
Evans Susan
Essen, W. V.

Flynn Cornelius
Ferris Mrs. Mary
Franzoni John C.

Grant Titus A.
Guiner, Mrs. Mary
I-. i.taii-r Miss Mary
Gaiteit George
Hall Lt. F. C.
Hunt Edwin F.
Hord Thomas
Hill Dr. Jonathan
Hall Mrs. Julia Ann
Hood John
Hughes Mrs. Ann 2
SHood Mrs. Hannah
Holtzman Miss Mary H.
Harvey Richard
Henry Miss Charlotte
Haslett Samuel 2
Houston Robert
Howard Geo. A.
Havell Robert

James Mrs. Emma F.
Jones Geo. W.
Jewelt Mrs. Chas. H. 2
Knight Caleb
Keys Benjamin" C.
Knapp Samuel B.
King Mrs. Virginia
Knight E R.

Louge Francis
Lee S. S.
Lewis Henry H. U. S.N
Lowry James H.

Moore William 2
Murphy Mary
Martin Mrs. Judge
Miller George
Murphy Patrick
Mason Dr. D.
McLean John
McDuell John
McKissack Capt. W. M,
McClellan Capt. J.

Burcbenal James
Bordray Nathan
Braiden Miss E.
Burton Charles
Bucknor Mrs. Louisa H.
Bredekamp J. G.
Barber Joseph
Br'scoe Mrs. Sarah
Bryan Joseph
Basilisco Miss Josephine
Cooper Benjamin
Collins Capt. Charles 0.
Calvert Charles
Conly John T.
County Dolly
Cutter Thos B. 2
Cowan Hughey
Colom Anthony
Dorsey Clement
Deneale James C.
Deringer Calhoun M.
Dugan Alexander
Elmore F. H.
Edwards Dr. H.
Fugate James
Fowler Miss Katharine

0Iorden John
Gordon Capt. Thos. A.
Gordon Charles
Garner James
Hopkins Mrr. Sarah
Hepburn J. M. 2
Hixton Dr. W. W.
Henderson Annett
Hanna Francis
Hagan Elizabeth
Hastings Richard F.
Hodges Geo. W.
SHandy, sen. Samuel
Heaton David H. 2
Hewitt Mrs Susan L.
Harper Miss Ellen
Henry John
Hoover John

Johnson Isaac
Innes Judge

Keller Otho
Kendall Martha Ann
Keating Mrs. Sarah
Keliso Charles W.

Loveless James
Leman Morris
.Latiferal Miss Ann M.
Lamson Silas '
Mickum Mrs. Mary
Marshall John W.
Mason Joseph
MustanJohnL. 4
Medara Mrs.
Minor Nancy
McPherson Mrs. Eliza
McDermott William
- McSwelligan Georga
MacDowell Dr.

HE POCKET' LAWYER-JUt received tor
tale by F. TAYLOR, compl te in one ve-
lume of 142 pc-Z,, price ;7 cent* comprising
forms necRs Sr) aii au mercaniie id money tran-
actions, including every direction esseniid to the
masgis.rateand private individual, lail down in so
pain a manner, as t) en-,ble every pr rsn to trans-
act his own concerns. To which i addled a LAw
Dictionary, compiled by a p iil mn iof the Phila-
delphia bar. Sept 26
(2'ARPE rINGS, &c--We have ju t received,
in a iditi n to a large stlck new on hand-
12 pieces handsome English ingrain Carpeting
very cheap, with Rues to match
Also, gilt Rod. for curtains, wi h rings and or-

respectfully invited to cail.
W. P. has for sate several other Pmanos, the best
and cheapest ever offered, all warranted.
G.rman and other instruments taken in ex-
change. O Oi 2a2-eolw
U1TARS -W. FISCHER his jist received
a great variety of plato and ornamental
Gaithrs, with patest screws, square and flat heitds,
wirh or without ca-es, at prices Irom five to sixt)
dollars each.
Also, c.n tanilt on hand, the lest Pianos, from
the unequalled manufacturers, Messrs. C it li-i c
and Mackays, Boston. Violins, Fiute, <'lr.-. ,
Flageolets, Fifes, and Accordions with semi-tones,
with the most approved instruction books tor each

Remaining in the Post Oflee," Washington Cityi
November 15, 1840.
0:7 Persons inquiring for letters in the follow-
ing list, will please say they are advertised.
Adams George A. 3 Addnqon John
Alexander Mrs. Eliza Ames Mis Sarah
Addison Mrs. M. Ellen

i is frequently asserted that General !!arntson
entertains precisely the same opinions in relation
to a National Bank which were entertained by
Mr. Jefferson. Below we give Mr. Jefferson's
views on this subject, as officially given to General
Washingtoni, when the first United States Bank
was chartered. Mr. Jefferson was then one of the

To aid in the management of the national
finances, the Secretary of the Treasury had pre-
viously recommended the establishment of a Bank;
and in February, 1791, an act passed for that pur-
pose. The preamble disclosed the principal rea-
sons for its adoption, declaring "that it would be
conducive to the successful conducting of the na-
tional finances, give facility to the obtaining of
loans for the use of the Government in sudden
emergencies," and would also be "productive of
considerable advantage to trade and industry in
The capital stock of the Bank was ten millions
of dollars; two millions to be subscribed for the
benefit of the United States, and the residue by in-
dividuals. One fourth of the sum subscribed by
individuals was to be paid in gold and silver, and
three fourths in the public debt. By the act of in-
corporation, it was to be made a bank of discount as
well as deposit, and its bill', which were payable
in gold and silver on demand, were made receiva-
ble in all payments to the United States. The
Bank was located at Phi!adelphia, with power in
the directors to establish offices of discount andti de-
posite only, wherever they should think fit within
the United States. The duration of the charter
was limited to the 4th of March, 1811; and the
faith of the United States was pledged, that during
that period no other bank should be established un-
der their authority. One of the fundamental arti-
cles of the incorporation was, that no loan should
be made to the United States for more than one
hundred thousand dollars, or to any particular
State for more than fifty thousand, or to any foreign
Prince or State, unless previously authorized by a
law of the United States. The books were opened
for subscriptions in July, 1791, and a much larger
sum was subscribed than was allowed by the char-
ter, and the Bank went into successful operation.
This measure was not adopted without warm and
violent debates.
It was said in opposition, in the first place, that
Congress had no power, under the Constitution, to
create this or any other corporation-, in the second
place, that so large a moneyed institution would,
in its effects, be highly injurious to the community.
Its advocates, on the other hand, contended, gene-
rally, that the establishment of an institution of
this kind, though not within the express words of
the Constitution, was among the incidental powers
contemplated hy that part of the instrument which
enabled Congress to make all laws necessary and
proper for carrying into execution the powers ex-
pressly granted.
The President, before approving the bill, re-
quested the opinions of the members of his Cabi-
net, in writing, as to its constitutionality. The Se-
cretary of State, and Attorney General, were of
opinion that the bill was unconstitutional, while the
Secretaries of the Treasury and War were of a
different opinion, and concurred with the majority
in Congress. Mr. Jefferson was decidedly and
warmly opposed to this institution, not only on ac-
count of its unconstitutionality, but on account of
the danger to be apprehended to Government from
the exorbitancy of its power, and the injury which
it might inflict on community. Tha ' z is
his official opinion on the constitutional question.
The bill for establishing a National Bank, un-
dertakes, among other things,
1. To form the subscribers into a corporation.
2. To enable them, in their corporate capacities,
to receive grants of land; and so far is against the
laws ofJl.tfortmain.
3. To make alien subscribers capable of holding
lands; and so far, is against the laws of alienage.
4. To transmit these lands, on the death of a
proprietor, to a certain line of successors; and so
far, changes the course of descents.
5. To put the lands out of the reach of forfeit-
ure and escheat; and so far is against the laws
of forfeiture and escheat.
6. To transmit personal chattels to successors in
a certain tin,; and so far is against the laws of
7. To give them the sole and exclusive right of
banking under the fedmial authority; and so far
is against the laws of monopoly.
8. To communicate to them a power to make
laws paramount to the laws of the States; for so
they must be construed, to protect the institnuti*n
from the control of the State Legislatures; and so,
probably, they will be construed.
I consider the foundation of the Constitution at
laid on this ground, that "all powers not delegated
to the United Sates by the Constitution, ror pro-
hibited by it to the States, are reserved to ,ihe States
or to the people."-(Twelfth amendment.) To
take a single step beyond the boundaries thus spe-
cially drawn around the powers of Congress is to
take possession of a boundless field of power, no
lon-rr susceptible of any definition.
Trihe incorporation of a Bank, and the powers
assumed by this bill, have not, in my opinion, been
delegated to the United States by the Constitution.
I. They are not among the powers specially enu-
merated. For these are,
1. A power to lay taxes fPr the purpose of paying
the debts of the United States. But no debt is paid
by this bill, nor any tax laid. Were it a bill to
raise money, its origination in the Senate would
condemn it by the Constitution.
2, To "borrow money." But this bill neither
borrows money, nor insures the borrowing it. The
proprietors of the Bank will be just as free as any
other money-holders, to lend or not lend their mo-
ney to the public. The operation proposed in the
bill, first to lend therh two millions, and then bor-
row them back again, cannot change the nature of
the latter act, which will still be a payment, and
niot a loan, call it by whlt name you please.
3. "To regulate commerce with foreign nations,
ctd among the States, and with the Indian tribes."
To enact a bank, and to regulate commerce, are
two very different acts. He who erects a bank cre-
ates a subject of commerce in its bills; so does he
who makes a bushel of wheat, or digs a dollar out
of the mines. Yet neither of these persons regu-
lates commerce thereby. To make a thing which
may be bought and sold, is not to prescribe regula-
tions for buying and selling. Besides, if this were
an exercise of the power of regulating commerce,
it would be void, as extending as much to the in-
ternal commerce of every State as to its external;
for the power given to C ngress by the Constitu-
tion does not extend to the internal regulation of
the commerce of a State, (that is to say, of the
commerce between its citizens,) which remains ex-
clusively within its own Legislature, but to its ex-
ternal commerce only; that is to say, its commerce
with another State, or with foreign nations, or with
the Indian tribes. Accordingly, the bill does not
propose the measure as a "regulation of trade," but
as "productive of considerable advantage to trade."
Still less are these powers covered by any other
of the special enumerations.
II. Nor are they with either of the general
phrases, which are the two following:
1. "To lay taxes to provide for the general we!-
fare of the United States;" that is to say, "to lay
taxes for the purpose of providing for the general
welfare;" for the laying of taxes is the power, and
the general welfare the purpose for which the power
is to be exercised. Congress are not to lay taxes

ad libituam, for any purpose they please, but only to
pay the debts or provide for the welfare of the Union.
In like manner, they are not to do any thing they
please to provide for the general welfare, but only
to lay taxes for the purpose. To consider-the latter-
phrase, not as describing the purpose of the first,
tut as giving a distinct and independent power to
do any act they please which might be for the good
of the Union, would render all the preceding and
subsequent enumerations of power completely use-
less: It would reduce the whole instrument to a
single phrase, that of instituting a Congressa with
the power to do whatever would be for the good of
the United States. As they would be the sole
judges of the good or evil, it would be also a p:wer
to do whatever evil they pleased. It is an esta-
blished rule of construction, when a phrase will
bear either of two meanings, to give it that which
will allow some meaning to the other parts of the
instrument, and not that which will render all the
others useless. Certainly no such universal power
was meant to be given them. It was intended to
lace them up straightly within the enumerated pow.
ers, and those without which, as means, these pow-
ers could not be carried into effect. It is known
that the very power now proposed as a means, was
rejected as an end by the convention which formed
the Constitution. A proposition was made to them
to authorize Congress to open canals, and an
amendatory one, to empower them to incorporate.
But the whole was rejected; and one of the reasons
of rejection urged in the debate was, that they then
would have a power to erect a bank which would
Tender the great cities, where there were prejudices

and jealousies on that subject, adverse to the recep-
tion of the Constitution.
2. The second general phrase is, "to make all
laws necessary and proper for carrying into execu-
tion the enumerated powers." But they can all be
carried into execution without a bank. A bank,
therefore, is not necessary, and consequently not au-
thorized by this phrase.
It has been much urged that a bank will give
great facility or convenience to the collection of
taxes. Suppose this were true; yet the Constitu-
tion allows only the means which are "necessary,"
not those which are merely "convenient," for ef-
fecting the enumerated powers. If such a latitude
of construction be allowed to this phrase as to give
any non-enumerated power, it wilt go to everyone:
for there is no one which ingenuity may not torture
into a convenience, in someway or other, to some oneI
of so long a list of enumerated powers. It would
swallow up all the delegated powers and reduce the
whole to one phrase, as before observed. There-
fore it was, that the Constitution restrained them to
the necessary means, that is to say, to those means
without which the grant of the power would be nu-
But let us examine this "convenience," and see
what it is. The report of this subject states the
only general convenience to be the preventing the
transportation and re-transportation of money be-
tween the States and the Treasury. (For I pass
over the increase of circulating medium aseribd to
it as a merit, and which, according to my ideas of
raper money, is clearly a demerit.) Every State
will have to pay a sum of tax money into the Trea-
sury; and the Treasury will have to pay in every
State a part of the interest on the public debt and
salaries to the officers cf Government resident in
that Stata. In most of the States there will still be
a surplus of tax money, to come up to the seat of
Government, for the officers residing there. The
payments of interest and salary in each State may
be made by Treasury orders on the State Collector.
This will take up the greater part of the money he
has collected in his State, and consequently prevent
the great mass of it from being drawn out of the
State. If there be a balance of commerce in favor
of that State, against the one in which the Govern-
ment resides, the surplus of taxes will be remitted
by the bills of exchange drawn for that commercial
balance. And so it must be if there were a bank.
But if there be no balance of commerce, either di-
rect or circuitous, all the banks in the world could
not bring us the surplus of taxes but in the form of
money. Treasury orders, then, and bills of ex-
change, may prevent the displacement of the main
mass of the money collected, without the aid of any
bank; and where these fail, it cannot be prevented,
even with that aid.
Perhaps, indeed, bank bills may be a more con-
venient vehicle than Treasury orders. But a little
difference in the degree of convenience cannot con-
stitute the necessity which the Constitution makes
the ground for assuming any non-enumerated
Besides, the existing banks will, without doubt,
enter into arrangements for lending their agency,
and the more favorable, as there will be a compe-
lion among them for it; whereas this bill delivers
us, up bound to the National Bank, who are free to
refuse all arrangements but on their own terms,
and the public not free, on such refusal, to employ
any other bank. That of Philadelphia, I believe,
now does this business by their post note?, which,
by an arrangement with the Treasury, are paid by
any State collector to whom they are presented.
This expedient alone, suffices to prevent the exist-
ence of that necessity which may justify the as-
sumption of a non-enumerated power, as a means
for carrying into effect an enumerated one. The
thing may be done, and has "been done, and well
done, without this assumption; therefore, it does
not stand on that degree of necessity which can
honestly justify it.
It may be said, that a bank, whose bills would
have a currency all over the state, would be more
convenient than one whose currency is limited to a
single State. So it would be still more convenient
that there should be a bank whose bills should
have a currency all over the world. But it does
not follow from this superior conveniency, that
there exists any where a power to establish such
a bank, or that the world may not go on very well
without it.
Can it be thought that the Constitution intended,
that for a shade or two of convenience, more or less,
Congress should be authorized to break down the
most ancient and fundamental laws of the several
States, such as those against mortmain, the laws of
alienage, the rules of descent, the acts of distribu-
tion, the laws of escheat and forfeiture, and the
laws of monopoly? Nothing hut a neoesity invin-
cible by any other means, can justify such a pros-
tration of laws, which.constitute the pillars of our
whole system of jurisprudence. Will Congress be
too straightlacad to carry the Constitution into
honest effect, unless they may pass over the foun-
dation laws of the State Governments,for the slighted
convenience to them?
The negative of the President is the shield pro-
vided by the Constitution to protect against the in-
vasions of the Legislature: Ist, the rights of the
Executive; 2d, of the Judiciary; 31, of the State
and State Legislatures. The present is the case of
a right remaining exclusively with the States, and
is, consequently, one of those intended by the Con-
stitution to be placed under his protection.
It must be added, however, that unless the Pre-
sident's mind, on a view of every thing which is
urged for and against this bill, is tolerably clear
that it is authorized by the Constitution, if the pro
and con hang so even as to balance his judgment,
a just respect for the wisdom of the Legislature
would naturally decide the balance in favor of
their opinion. It is chiefly for cases where they
are clearly misled by error, ambition or interest,
that the Constitution has placed a check in the ne-
gative of the President.

There is one class of our fellow-citizens whose
bearing and course in the recent political struggle
in our country, deserve to be held in perpetual re-
membrance. I refer to those who work for wages.
It is true, that, in the general revulsion in business
and prices, consequent upon the bursting of
the bubble of speculation, the nominal rate of wages
has been reduced. Day laborers do not, in general,
receive as many shillings per day as they did when
the sitting-rooms and saloons of the Syracuse House
were filled with a knot of speculators, who were
making from five to fifty thousand dollars per day,
by swapping vacant corner lots located within the
corporation of Syracuse-and which will, many of
them, remain vacant until long after the sods of the
valley rest upon those who fancied themselves sud-
denly rich by buying and selling them! I say, the
laborer does not generally receive so many shil-
lings per day as he did then; and for months has it
been thundered in his ears, not only by Whig ora-
tors but by some of his fellow-citizens of intelli-
gence, whom he had been accustomed to regard as
men oftruih1 that it was the object of the General
Administration to reduce his wages to the lowest
possible point. Messrs. BuchananiTappan, and
other distinguished members of the Democratic par-
ty, were deliberately falsified, by imputing to them
sentiments and expressions, which they over and over
again declared they had never entertained or uttered.
More than that: In their speeches, as the leaders of
the Standard well know, those eminent Democrats
expressed views and opinions directly opposite;
they declared the belief that the Independent Trea-
sury plan as adopted on the 4th July last, would
prove a benefit to those who work for wenes; and

argued to show wherein. But stilt, the s-ystem of
falsehood was persevered in by the Whig leaders
until the last moment. This fraudulent game was
even attempted upon one so humble as myself; and
the Federal papers promised to "Keep it before the
people," but for some reason known to those who
control it, failed to do so. I think an increase of
about 50 in the Democratic majority in the town of
Camillus is not a bad commentary upon the labors
of the Federal Assembly candidate on this point.
But under all these circumstances, so well ca'-
culated to confuse and mislead the judgments of
those laboring men, they stood as firm as the
rocks upon which some of them toil, in the sup-
port of the candidate and measures of the Demo
cratic party. Neither falsehood, nor sophistry,
however artful, could make them believe that
their happiness, or their prosperity, would be pro-
moted by conf ring exclusive and valuable privi-
leges upon the Whig Aristocracy, to be enjoyed
by them, at the expense of the laboring men
themselves! If they could have been made to be-
lieve that, then they would have voted the Whig
ticket. But as the independent laborers of Onon-
daga believe in equal rights and equal laws, and as
they do not believe in the Federal doctrine, "take
care of the rich, ahd the rich will take care of the
poor," they very wisely voted to sustain Martin
Van Buren and the Independent Treasury.
The farmers have been appealed to, to abandon
the Administration because the prices of produce
have fallen. It is a fact, that there are some farm-

ers,'*ven among the intelligent population of
Onondaga county, who actually believe that the
administration of Martin Van Buren has caused
wheat to decline from two dollars per bushel, to
seven shillings. But at the same time, it is passing
strange that they wholly omit to give Mr. Van
Buren credit for the high prices of 1837 and 1838.
If they condemn him for low prices, why not ap-
plaud him for high? The average tells well for
the producers-just the same and no more, than it
would with an Independent Treasury and a stable
currency$ with uniform prices. Now, those farm-
ers who condemn Mr. Van Buren for low prices,
and do not w the same pertinacity and boldness,
approve hi jrr the high prices under his admi-
nistration, ine guilty of a palpable inconsistency,
and, if I a ot mistaken, they are guilty of gross
But whfareo te facts? In 1830, (says the De-
mocratic Review,y the current credit of the
banks of the Union, (bank notes in circulation,
and deposits, so called, taken together,) amounted
to $116,000,000. By the 1st of January, 1832,
to $170,000,000. By the 1st of January, 1835, to
$187,000,000. By the 1st of January, 1836, to
$355,000,000. By the lst of January, 1837, to
$277,0000,000. By May of that year, they were
reduced to $242,000,000. Then by the first of Ja-
nuary, 1838, to $211,000,000. Then by the lVt of
January, 1839, they swelled to .is-"2,1'ri',r11., and
by the 1st of January, 1840, they were reduced to
$182,000,000, or, if we make suitable deductions for
the discount on the notes of the suspended banks, to
one hundred and fifty or one hundred and sixty mil-
lions in specie value.
These statements of fact, in regard to bank ex-
pansions and cuntractions, are taken from the re-
ports of the condition of the banks in Ithe several
States of the Union, which, by a resolution of Con-
gress, are annually made by the Secretary of the
Treasury. Every intelligent reader knows, that if
the currency is increased or diminished, O? other
things being equal, prices will in the same proForttoni
become higher or lower. Money is the measure of
value. If the size of the bushel measure were to
be lessened one-half, there would of course be at
once twice as many bushels of grain in the country,
while at the same time not a kernel of grain would
have been added. The quantity of grain remains
the same; the number of bushels has been doubled,
yet is the nation any better off? Now let us sup-
pose that the proportion of currency demanded by
the business and population of the United States,
as compared with the rest of the world, to be
$100,000,000. Suppose that wheat is $1 per bu-
shel. Then the banks issue $100,000,000 more of
their notes, and wheat is $2 per bushel, and other
things in proportion. Is any thing more added to
the wealth of the country than there would be in
tho instance of doubling the number of bushels of
wheat in the country by diminishing the size of the
bushel measure one-half? Certainly not.
Now we ask the farmers to apply their judgment
and common sense to the facts and the law ef prices,
both of which I have presented for their considera-
tion. For the past twenty years, these expansions
and contractions in the currency have been taking
place, prices have been perpetually fluctuating, and
good times and hard times have followed each other
in rapid alternation. These results, which all must
admit are disastrous to the producing classes, have
been produced 6y the natural operation of a Bank
of the United States, and the want of such a che-k
as the Independent Treasury furni hes uipon the
natural tendency of the State banks to over action.
The Bank of the United States has been the main
cause of the emnbarrasmeat of the past few years.
We are now, under the Independent Treasury, gra-
dually recovering from them. Eastablish another
National Bank, and the same round of high prices
and low prices, of speculations and sheriffs' sales,
of good times and hard times, can be gone over,
until, upon some climax of ruin and suffering, the
delusion shall be shaken off, and Ihe whole system
torn from its foundation, never to be resuscitated.
Elements now exis', which, if acted upon by a new
National Bank of fifty millions, would bring swift
anrfterrible destruction upon thq best interests of
our country-constituting at once a signal, and we
would fain hope final, rebuke of that spirit of
avarice and folly which leads those animated by it
to believe that the happiness and prosperity of a
people can be augmented by a known violation by
the legislative power, not only of the natural laws
of trade and industry, but of the eternal principles
of equity and justice.
Persist, then, Democrats, as you value the pros-
perity and happiness and elevation of the produc-
ing classes, as you love your country and her glo-
rious institutions, persist in your hostility to a Na-
iional'Banuk,and toe urIu.IIeciton of Bankand State.
Church and State-Bank and State-both rest up-
on the same principles, and both are alike subver-
sive of the true interests and happiness of the
American people. Church and State poisons re-
ligion; Bank and State converts trade into gam-
If I rightly understand the objects for which the
Democracy of the Union are contending, they are
for equal laws and equal privileges; for freedom in
trade, freedom in politics, as we now have free-
dom in religion. We are contending for the prac-
tical application of the theory of our Constitution,
that all men are politically equal. We are con-
tending against the doctrine that the legislative
power has the right to confer special privileges up-
on the few, at the expense of the many. Demo-
crats of Onondaga have I the liberty to say, when
out of the limits of our own noble county, that
such are your doctrines? If such are our doctrines,
then the battle never, NEVER ends until they tri-
umph. And triumph they must.
But our Democratic young men, ardent and en-
thusiastic, will say that the aristocratical doctrine
ofspeciallprivileges has triumphed in the election of
General Harrison. Thie, in one sense, is true; but
how has it triumphed? Has it not triumphed by
"stooping to conquer?" Have not the aristocracy
"stooped" below the noble reason of man, and
have they not, at a moment when the people were
embarrassed, perplexed, wearied, ay, lacerated,
with the pecuniary troubles which the Bank pro-
duced, appealed to their selfish feelings, and to
their passions? Must not those feelings and pas-
sions soon subside? When the occasion which pro-
duced this temporary phrenzy in some, and doubt,
confusion and dismay in others, has passed away,
does any intelligent young Democrat doubt that
the intellect will again resume its empire? If
there can be a particle of doubt on this point,
then there is no truth in philosophy or common
It is perfectly natural, however, that at first
blush, many young minds should look upon the
sort of "whirlwind," as John ,uincy Adams terms
it, with which General Harrison comes into power,
as an item of discouragement to the advocates of
Democratic truth. This is far from being the case.
In 1838 and 1839, the people deliberately approved
the policy and measures of Mr. Van Baren's ad-
ministration. In 1840, in a "whirlwind" of passion
and excitement, harassed, and severely suffering
from the evils of the bank suspension of 1839, they
elect General Harrison over Mr. Van Buren.
Now, with a nation, as with an individual, the
first thing which usually occurs after doing a silly
thing, is to be ashamed of it. This instance, rely
upon it, will not form an exception. The people
have decided infavor of no fundamental principle
or policy by the election of General Harrison. If
the Harrisburg Convention which nominated him,
had declared in favor of a National Bank, he could
never have been elected.
Upon the subject of the election of Gen. Harri-

son, and the consequent defeat of Mr. Van Buren,
I have no doubt you will copy the just and elo-
quent article which appeared in the New York
Evening Post a few days since. It is an epitome
of the opinions, feelings, and resolution of the en-
tire Democracy at the present juncture.
I can scarcely think of adding much to the re-
marks therein made in reference to Mr. Van Bu-
ren. If that eminent statesman, who never proved
false to the interests of the workingmen of the
United States, has not been actuated by designs
and motives, while President of the United States
which makes him rather a subject of envy than
pity, then he is not the man I have ever supposed
him to be. No Chief Magistrate of our nation
has ever been surrounded by circumstances of dif-
ficulty and trial which can be compared to those
he has met and overcome. In 1837, when doubt
and dismay filled so, many minds, when the timid
of his own supporters honestly wavered, and the
venal and ambitious dentiounced and deserted him
how calmly and firmly, did he guide the ship of
State! With what intrepidity, what coolness, what
a sublimity of moral courage, did he breast the
storm of wrath heaped upon him by the talented,
yet worthless, graceless speculators of the country,
as enraged and embittered by disappointment, they
saw Mr. Van Buren placing himself between
them and what they considered their lawful prey-
the earnings of the honest workingmen of the
country. The trump of fame will spread and pro-
long a knowledge of the civic virtues and moral
heroism of Martin Van Buren, generations and
ages after the names of 'William Henry Harrison
and those who now use him as an instrument, to

accomplish their selfish scheme;, shall have sunk
iito an eternity of forgetfulness. He has main-
tained inflexibly the rights and liberties of the
masses, at a time when many stout hearts quailed;
and doing thus, to him shall be offered the incense
of honor and gratitude from myriads of noble
hearts. W. L. C.
From'a speech of Mr. 8. I. Tilden, at New Lebanon, October
3d, t840.
Every one who has examined the subject, knows
that the currency is to business what the blood is to
the animal system. Such fluctuations in it as I
have described, could not fail to keep business prices
vibrating between the highest elevation, and the
lowest depression. Bat to present a practical and
conclusive testimony, I propose briefly to review
the history during the period in which a National
Bank was in existence.
I have said that the fluctuation in the currency,
business, and prices, which occurred in 1817, '21,
when we had a National Bank, and of which, in-
deed, that institution was a main cause, was far
more disastrous than the fluctuations which have re-
cently occurred. I am aware that present objects
appear quite differently from those which are seen
only in the dim distance of memory-the last hot
day is the hottest we ever knew, ard the last cold
day the coldest. Appealing, then, from the indi-
tinct recollections of those who may be inclined to
question my ;ka'r t..o, I cite for my witnesses the
authentic :tc i 1 i, f ih time; and I produce from
them a testimony, not of vague impressions, but o1
fact, which shall bear with them a decisive com-
mentary to every mind.
PARALLEL BETWEEN 1817, '21, AND 1836, '40.
The increase of the currency, in the expansion
which reached its height in the middle of 1818 was,
according to Mr. Gallatin, 50 per cent.
The increase of the currency, in the expansion
which reached its height at the close of 1836, from
its state two years previous, when it was about on
a level, was, according to the returns of the banks,
about 43 per cent.
The same universal overtrading and speculation
prevailed at both periods, as is shown by the jour-
nals of the dlay, and is sufficiently illustrated by a
single instance. The excess of imports over ex-
ports, as exhibited by the custom-house returns in
the four years ending 30:h Sept. 1818, was $165,.
000,000; and in the four years ending 30th Sept.
1837, it was $135,000,000.
The same high prices prevailed in both expan-
sions; those of 1817 rather exceeding those of 1836.
The price of flour at Philadelphia reached in
March, 1817, $14 25; and at its highest point in
March, 1837, $11. The price of wheat in Roches
ter, according to a table prepared by one of its
most eminent millers, rose in its highest extreme in
1816, '17, to ,2 25a$2 50; and in its highest ex.
treme in 1836, '7, to $2a$2 15.
The contraction of the currency from its greatest
expansion to Jan. 1820, was, according to Mr. Gal.
latin, 331 per cent.; that to Jan. 1840, is about 28
per cent.
The contraction which preceded 1820 was uni
versally regarded as an adequate cause of the pros-
tration of business and prices, by which it was ac
companies and followed,
Niles's Register, a weekly magazine, published
in Balimore, and an impartial record of the facts
it stated, thus describes the pres ure on business:
"From all parts of the country we hear of a se-
vere pressure on men in business, a general stag.
nation of trade, a large reduction in the price oi
staple article. Real pbopeityjs rapidly depreciat.
ing in i's nominal value, and its rents or profits
are exceedingly di,-inishing. Many highly respect
table traders have become bankrupts, and it is
agreed that many others must go; the banks are re-
fusing the customary accommodations; confidence
among merchants is shaken; end three per cent
per month is offered for the discount of promissor)
notes which a little while ago were considered at
Good as 'old gold,' and whose makers have no
since suffered any losses to render their notes less
valuable than heretofore."-- iles's Register, April
10, 1819.
A committee of the Senate of Pennsylvania, in
a report made on the 29th January, 1820, state thai
"a distress unexampled in our country, since the
period of its independence, exists in our Common.
wealth;" and they enumerate among its forms:
"1. Ruinous sacrifices of landed property at she-
riffs' sales, whereby lands and houses have beer
sold at less than a half, a third, a quarter of their
former value, thereby depriving of their homes
and of the fruits of laborious years a vast number
of our imlostriouo farmers.
"2. Forced sales of merchandise, household
goods; and utensils, at prices far below cost, by
which many families have been deprived of the
common necessaries of life and of the implements
of their trade.
"3. Numerous bankruptcies among the agricul-
tural and manufacturing as well as mercantile
"4. A universal suspension of all large manufac-
turing operations "
Concluding a very long enumeration:
"12. A general inability in the community to
meet with punctuality the payment of debts even
for family expenses," [and by those who are
Gov. Clinton, in his mrssag's, Governors of the
other States, Mr. Crawford, the Secretary of the
Treasury, and committees of the various Legisla-
tures, give similar testimony as to the extent and
severity of the distress which then prevailed; and a
testimony which is not biased by the zeal of party
Niles's Register thus describes the want of em-
ployment by the laboring classes:
'It is estimated that there are 20,000 parsons
daily seeking work in Philadelphia; in New York,
10,000 able bodied men are said to be wandering
about the streets looking for it; and if we add to
them the women who desire something to do, the
amount cannot be less than 20,000; in Baltimore
there may be about 10,000 persons in unsteady
employment, or actually t-rit,,w, because they
cannot get into business."-Niles's Register, ,August
7, 1519.
A committee of the citizens of Philadelphia re-
ported on the 2d of October, that in thirty manu-
facturing and mechanical branches of trade which
gave employment to 9,672 in 1816, there were but
2,137 persons employed in 1819.
A committee of the citizens of Pittsburgh reported
on the 24th of December, that certain trades in their
city and vicinity which .:miitl-... -1 1,960 persons in
1815, employed only ('.- ,n 1- lj
The depression of prices was most extreme in the
West. I give from Mr. Niles's Register state-
ments from the personal knowledge of its editor,
and extracts quoted by him from two other pa-
"A gentleman in Western Virginia directs the
Register to be stopped, because- he used to pay f it annually with one barrel of flour, but that three
will not do it now. Another, a miller ,in Ohio, on
paying his advance to my agent, observed that he
had sold/four barrels of flour to obtain the note of
$5 which was remitted."-.'iles's Register, Sept.
15, 1821.
"Corn in Cincinnati, 10 cents a bushel; wheat in
Harrison county, Ohio, has fallen to 25 cents a
.bushel, and in some instances 121. A letter from
Greenfield, Ohio, dated May 3, sta-es that esheat
was sold at 12i cents a bushel, and that whiskey
was dull at 15 cents a gallon."--United States Ga.
rette (Philadelphia) lael 23, and June 23, 1821.

"A late Pit r.i,.-h (Penn.) Mercury says: 'Floar
barrel $1; whiskey 15 cents a gallon; good mer-
chantable pine boards, 20 cents a hundred fee:;
sheep and calves $1 a head. F.-r. ,:-n goods at the
old prices. One bushel and a sii.1 .if wh-at will
buy a pound of coffee; a barrel of flour will buy a
pound of tea; twelve and a half barrels will buy one
yard of superfine broadcloth.-Ailes's Reg;s'er, dMay
I read from a table of the prices of wheat at a
large flouring establishment in Eastern Ohio.
Wheat in Eastern Ohio,
1820, 15-25 ets. per bushel.
1821, 25-37 do
1822, 37-40 do
The prices of fl' ur in various places in April,
May, and June, 1821, are thus stated in a table
compiled by Mr. Parrish of Ohio:
New York $4 50 per bbl. Charleston, 4 25 per bbl.
Philadelphia, 4 50 Richmond, 3 87
Boston, 4 87 Mobile, 3 75
Baltimore, 4 50 N.Orleans, 3 12
The state of prices in our own region during the
same period, is exhibited by a table which has baen
carefully prepared from the most authentic source;.
The prices in Philadelphia are taken from a table
in Hazard's Registers; those in Rochester from
one prepared by Mr. H. E!y, of that place; those
in New Yoik from the sales book of a freighting
establishment in Hudson; and those in New Le-
banon from the book of a merchant in this town.
Philadelphia. Rochester.
Flour in March, per bbl. Wheat, bu. range ave.
1820, 5 00 44-52 52
1821, 3 76 34-50 40

New York. New Lbainoa.
Average of the year.
Wheat. Rye. Corn. Oats. Rye. Corn. Oat&.
1820, 65 50 37 31 51 47 30
1821, 68 44 54 27 45 45 30

The depression of business in the inter or con-
tinued severe for the three or four following years.
I take from the numerous testimonials an extract
from a speech of Mr. Clay, in March, 1824, in
which he thus dasesribes the condition of the coun-
try :
"In casting our eyes around us, the most promi-
nent circumstance which fixes our attention, is the
general distress which pervades the whole country.
It is indicated by the diminished exports of native
produce; by the depressed and reduced state of our
foreign navigation; by our diminished commerce;
by successive unthresbed crops of grain, perishing
in our barns and barnyards for the want of a mar-
ket; by the alarming diminution of the circulating
medium; by the ruinous bankruptcies, not limited
to the trading classes, but extending to all orders of
r society; by a universal complaint of the want of
employment, and consequent reduction of the wages
of labor; by the ravenous pursuit after public situ-
ations, not for the sake of their honors and the per-
t lormance of their duties, but as a means of private
subsistence; by the reluctant resort to the perilous
Suse of paper money; by the intervention of legis'a-
tion in the delicate relation between debtor and cre-
ditor; and, above all, by the low and depressed
state of the value of almost every description of
f the whole mass of the property of the nation,
Which has, on an average, sunk not less than about
50 percent. within a lew years."
In the commercial part of the country, business
had been gradually gathering materials for the new
revulsion which occurred in. 1825, and to Mr. Bid-
dle'.s description of which I have already adverted.
SThe commercial distress was very great. A large
Number of banks failed. It was estimated that of
four thousand weavers employed in Philadelphia
in 1825, not more than one thousand were employ-
ed in May, 1826.
S The prices of agricultural products which, al-
though somewhat improved, had continued de-
Spressed through the intervening period, were re-
duced nearly as low on the whole, and in some in-
stances, even lower than in 1821. The tables to
Which I have before referred, give their state thus:
Philadelphia. Rochester. New York. New Lebanon.
Flour Wheat. Rye. Corn. Oats. Rye. Corn. Oats.
in March. Average. Av. of the year.
bbl. busus., us b us. bus. bus. bus.
IS 25. 5 12 73 41 44 22 50 55 22
1826. 4 50 59 54 60 36 53 50 30
In the close of 1828 there was another revulsion,
which Mr. Biddle in an essay, which he published
s to explain its causes, ascribed to "overtrading,
Brought on by overbanking."
In a letter to the Secretary of the Treasury, da-
ted July 18th, 1829, he says that the branch at
t Portsmouth N. H. "was nearly prostrated last
Year, in the general ruin which spread over that
country;" and he states that one-third of all its
loans was protested, and one-quarter would be final-
ly lost.
The Providence Literary Subaltern of July,
S1829, described the distress which prevailed, thus:
"The embarrassments which have been suffered
din this immediate neighborhood, have had no pa-
s rallel in the history of the Republic. Men who for
the last forty years have stood firm, erect, and un
Dismayed before the tempest of the times, are now
Stuttering on the verge of bankruptcy and ruin.
f Within the last ten days in the circle of the ten ad
Sjacent miles, upwards of twenty-five hundred per-
s sons have been suddenly and unexpectedly, thrown
South of employment."
s The Providence Herald said: "The situation of
Some, and indeed most of these families, is mise-
e rable in the extreme-reduced almost to starva,
y The prices of agricultural products were again
s reduced.
t Philadelphia,March,1830. Rochester, April. 1830.
Flour, $4 50 bbl. Wheat, 75 bus.
New York. Corn, 35
Flour, 5 00 Oats, 20
Beef 6 00 Potatoes, 18
t Pork, 9 00 Beef, 2 50,3 00
e Pork, 4 00
S It is difficult to compare the prices of wool at
different times from the variations in the quality of
Seven the same flocks; but I am informed by those
n who were then, and are now, largely interested in
r the business, and whose means ofjndgment entitled
s them to unqualified confidence, that for a period of
r three years preceding 1830, the prices of wool were
ten or fifteen per cent. lower than now; and these
Statements are verified by my own personal know-
y ledge of the business.
Mr. Webster, in his recent speech in New York
s in favor of a United States Bank, selects the ten
years between January, 1820, and January, 1830,
to illustrate the beneficial influence of such an in-
stitution, and bases his whole argument on the ex-
cellent condition of the currency and business dur-
Sing that period.
I have caused an accurate average to be made
from the authentic tables already referred to, of the
prices of the principal agricultural products during
these ten years, and the year 1830-which is usu-
ally selected for the same purpose by the advocates
of a National Bank, and when prices were little
above the average of the other years; and give you
the result, compared with the prices of the same
articles in the same places at the present time. The
prices of beef and pork are taken from the actual
sales in New York of a merchant in this town.
TABLE showing the average prices at different places
of the principal agricultural products during the
period of even years, commencing January, 1820,
and ending December, 1830; and also the present
prices of the same articles at the saine places.
Average of the eleven Oct. 1, 1840. Advan-
years, from 1820 to tage of the present
1830, inclusive, prices over the ave-
rage of the eleven yrs.
New York. bush. bush.
Rye, 53 62 17 per cent.
Corn, 50' 58 16 "
Oan's, 30 40 25 "
New Lebanon.
Rye, 55 66 20 "
Corn, 50 63 26 "
Oats, 31 38 22 "
Average of the eleven Average of 1840.
Wheat, 82 85 4 per cent.
Average of the eleven Cc'. 1, 1840.
New York. bbl. bbl.
Mess beef, 8 77 13 38 53 per cent.
Prime beef, 5 72 9 88 73 "
Mess pork, 12 54 15 75 26 "
Prime pork, 8 90 13 75 54 "
And yet Mr. Webster, who selects this very pe-
riod to d m mitrate that a National Bask is indis-
pensable, ant that the contrary policy of the Ad-
ministration is ruinous, goes among the farmers of
old Suffolk, with tears in his eyes, as the Whig pa-
pers stat-, mourning over the present low state of
prices, and urging the adoption of the Whig policy
as the oly remedy. I leave the comment to the
spontaneous impulses of every farmer who hears
The period which I have briefly reviewed, in-
cludes fifteen of the twenty years of the charter of
the United States Bank, and fourteen of the nine-
teen during which it was in operation as a "regu-
lator." The remaining five years were distinguisb-
ed by the revulsions of 1832, and the panic of
1834. The connection of that institution in the

last year of its existence in its national character,
and in its present character, with the revulsiors of
1837, and 1839, I have already sufficiently exhibit-
ed. I submit to the farmers of the country to de-
termine, whether they will again return to the do-
minion of such a "regulator" of the currency, of
business, and of price-.

The money powers have made a most desperate
struggle to overcome the people, and the indications
are that they have prevailed. Should such be the
case, that Democracy must organize for another
campaign, and in doing this, let us assume the true
position. Let us fight the enemy in his own way;
they have charged the Democracy with opposition
to the banking intere its, and they should now be
met on that ground. The Democracy should come
out in opposition to every kind of special privilege,
and meet the rag barons upon their own ground.
We can then make them feel our power at a point
where they wiil require all their force to defend.
The people must make war upn the monster spe-
cial privilege, or their liberties will be destroyed.
It is a war ofextermination; special privileges must
be destroyed, or they will destroy our liberties.-
[.New Londoni Gazette

MONEY MARKET.-There is more demand for
money at New York, though the banks complain of
the want of good paper. At Richmond they say
they are easy, and quote Farmers Bank stock at

The Pennsylvansan, in summing up the reverses
of the Democratic party in the late campaign, and
speculating upon the probable causes which brought
about the unfortunate result, has the following re-
marks which must strike the mind of every reader
as well-timed and altogether appropriate:
"The long and anxious struggle is at last over-
Democracy has been defeated, and it may now be
announced that William Henry Harrison is the
President elect of the United States. There are
many reasons which render this result one deeply
to be deplored, but still defeat is not disgrace, nor
does a temporary failure in the cause of principle
prove either that our doctrines were unsound, or
that they will not hereafter prevail, triumphing the
more effectually and the more gloriously for having
been obscured by the shade of momentary re-
verses. Such at least is our firm conviction, and
we are sure that the same feeling animates the
whole Democratic party. There is a power in
truth which bids defiance to hostility. It may for
the time be beaten down-prejudices and delusions
may dig pit-falls in it path; but the day of its su-
premacy can only be deferred. It must in the end,
force its way to the convictions of men, and under
this assurance, we may calmly observe the effects
of the "change" which has been brought about by
he efforts of our opponents.
"Painful as it is to find that so large a portion of
the people have swerved from their support of that
policy-which we believe of vital imporia-ce to the
purity and welfare of the Republic, and serious as
may be the evil consequences which are likely to
result from surrendering the reins of power for four
years to a party which never held authority but to
abuse it, yet we are satisfied that eventually good
will follow. We have been defeated, not by ar-
gument or demonstration-not by convincing the
public mind that our mode of administering the af-'
fairs of the nation was inconsistent with its pros-
perity, and by pointing out another system more
likely to be productive of that end, but by inces-
sant, unwearying appeals to the love of change-
by creating a vague feeling that new men and new
measures might in some unknown way be indivi-
dually beneficial, and that all who had suffered
from the excesses of the banking system would find
a better era dawning upon them if their votes were
cast for the candidate of disguised Federalism.
This undefined idea was aided by the wild excite-
ment, inconsistent with thought and calm reflec-
tion, which the immense means of our opponents
enabled them to continue throughout the canvass.
In the midst of turmoil and agi'aion-while ca-
lumnies were poured in an unceasing torrent upon
the principles of the Administration-when all that
its friends uttered was perverted and falsified, and
every nook and corner of the Union was crowded
with hired orators and flooded with appeals to pre-
judice and passion, the truth was for the moment
overwhelmed. But the storm has passed away,
and with it goes the time for the use of such hollow
pretences as those by which success has been ac-
complished. Harrisonism is now to be brought to
the test of action-to make manifest its policy,
and, by deeds, to demonstrate its superiority to all
that has preceded it. What its course will be we
shall not venture to predict; but we feel assured
that like an unskilful warrior, in whose hands vic-
tory has been placed by accident, the new Admi-
nistration will be sorely embarrassed with its tri-
umph. If it does nothing-if the Idependent
Treasury is allowed to remain the law of thel and,
it is a confession that the whole movem.- i ao;.r-i
Martin Van Buren was nothing more iba. a ,- it
ish and discreditable struggle for power and place.
If it plunges into the Federal system of creating an
enormous National Bank, of obeying the orders of
foreign capitalists by the assumption of State debts,
and embarks in monstrous schemes of expenditure,
such as those advocated under the rule of the
younger Adams; if it unsettles the tariff compro-
mise, the country will be made to set forth on the
same career of unnatural, fleeting prosperity and
quick disaster, from which we have but just reco-
vered. Difficulties, springing direct from its elec-
tioneering system of false pretence,, environ the
friends of General Harrison at every step. They
have promised much, and we are yet to see how
those promises are to be fulfilled.
"As for the Democratic party, though now labor-
ing under adverse circumstances, it has at least the
proud satisfaction of knowing that it has fought the
battle upon principle alone-'.hat it has descended
to nothing unworthy of its name, and has appealed
to the country with arguments which have never
yet been refuted. It is therefore prepared to take
its new position with cheerfulness and unrelaxed
energy-to oppose what is wrong, and to give pro.
per credit to what may be right, in the conduct of
its opponents. The coming tour years are in fact
but a portion of the trial to which the Demecratic
faith is to be submitted. It is part of the ordeal;
for those who are its enemies, are now to prove by
contract, if they can, thit it is unsound and dan-
gerout. The r assertions to that effect have been
long and loud-the time for actual proof is at hand,
and it may be sincerely said that we have no fears
for the result. The advocates of Harrisonism
come into power at a fortunate period for them-
selves, and have every advantage that they could
desire. Under Mr. Van Buren's wise and patrio-
tic Administration prosperity has been restored-
business of all kinds is reviving, and industry every
where receives its due reward. Let us see who
their, by any course of legislation, his assailants
can accomplish better results than these, or pre-
tend to have fulfilled their pledges without claiming
as their own deed that which was effected by the
energies of the country, while the reviled Inde-
pendent Treasury was in existence.",

Now that the political contest is settled, it be-
comes a serious question to know what shall be
done with the itinerant orators;lthe locomotive bal-
lad singers, and the whole tribe of electioneering
agents; whose services have been in such requisition
for the last six months. Their occupation i gone;
there is no further demand for their services; what
will they do for their further support? Return to
their former trades and occupations? That is im-
possible; six months of idleness and frolic have im-
paired thdr habits of industry, and unfitted them
for business application. Many of them who at-
tached themselves to the successful party, will no
doubt stick to its skirts, in hopes to receive, ip their
distribution of favors, a share equal to their patrio-
tic exertions in its behalf. The largest mouth
takes the greatest quantity to fill, and as there are
many mouths to supply, some must necessarily get
less than their appetites demand.
The slighted patriots, disappointed in their ex-
pectations, will retire, disgusted, impressed with
the conviction that they have been most ungrate-
fully dealt with by a country whose salvation was
owing to their unsleeping t.sine- and self-deny-
ing sacrifices. Of the same class of gentry of the
unsuccessful party, amateurs and professional, we
know not what is to become; there are no offices
for them, and consequently there can be no expec-
tations. The best that we can recommend, is to
emigrate; their country will not need their services
for the next four years, and will probably be bene
fi ed by their expatriationu.Philadelphis Ledger.
Extract of a letter from a distinguished masn,
October 18.-So you see we are beaten. This
result was unexpected, I believe, to both the friends
and opponents of the Administration in Georgia.
The most sanguine Whigs did not certainly calcu-
late on so large a majority. We entertain but lit-

tlie doubt that the most outrageous frauds have been
committed in this election. It is impossible that it
should be otherwise. There was a full vote for
Governor last year, and seven thousand votes more
were cast in the late Congressional election than in
that. Oar ticket has received a larger vote than
Governor McDonald did last October, and it is still
beaten four thousand votes. In some counties fifty,
sixty, and as high as two hundred more votes were
cast, it is said, than there were voters.-The Crisis.

"Get thee a Coon, and trudge the land,
The leader of a jugglter band."
That is not exactly the way Sir Walter wrote it,
bat it's the way it should read now. The present
day may be considered an epoch in the history of
our country, from which will be dated the first step
of national degradation. There is no stronger evi-
dence of the degeneracy of the times than the sight
of a gteat people captivated by empty parades and
shows. Where is the intelligent ciliz n, who has
at heart the advancement of his country in great-
ness, virtue, and independence, that Will not blush
at the recollection of the means used to change the
policy of the Administration, andt o establish other
prinaiples?-The Times.

We learn from an intelligent friend in East Ten-
nessee, that in the large Whig counties in that sec-
tion the most egregrious frauds were openly prac-
tised at the elections, and could not have been pre-
vented without a general melee, in which the Whigs
would have been to the Democrats as ten to one.
This is "freedom of elections" with a vengeance.
[YVashvitle Un1on.

Prom the Trenton (N. J I Emporium and' True Americain.
It appears from the papers that two of the stu-
dents ot Union College, Schenectady, have been
arrested for swearing in their votes at the late
election in the Third ward of that city, and that
the Rev. Dr. Nott, the distinguished President of
that institution, appeared a; a witness on behalf of
the people, and destined that these students were ia
Schenectady merely for the purposes of education.
It appeared, too, that their names had been given
in and placed upon the catalogue with other places
of residence, one being a resident of Caz,'novia,
Madison county, New York, the other of Milford,
At the late election in the township of Princeton
and county of Mercer, a number of students be-
longing to the Theological Seminary were brought
to the polls, and cast their votes. That these vols
were illegal, no person who examines the matter
can for a moment doubt. In the first place, they
had not been assessed; when the duplicate was
handed over by the assessor to the collector, their
names were not upon it. At the October election
they were not considered as voters, and did not
vote; and yet, to swell the majority at the electoral
election, their names were placed upon the dupli-
cate, and their taxes paid for them.
2. These young men were not residents of the
county. They are here for the purposes of educea
lion. The institution has been in existence for
nearly thirty years, and it is the first time that it
has been asserted that students, who are here for
a transient period, are entitled to mingle in the
elections of the State. They were challenged as
they presented themselves at the polls, and swore
in their votes.
3. That these students were not residents, is fully
proved from the circumstance, that in the catalogue
of the institution, published within the year, they
gave in their names with the proper place of their
residence attached; and it will not be pretended
that a man can have two places of residence at the
same time.
It is understood that these misguided young men
were prevailed upon by the leaders of the Whig
party thus to deport themselves in opposition to the
opinion and wishes of such of their professors as
had been consulted. It is improper to do more at
the present time, than simply to state the facts as
it is expected that the matter will undergo a legal
investigation at the approaching term of the Mercer

From the St. Louie Daily Arguse.
Public attention is now directing itself to the
source and fountain-head of the astounding frauds
in elections which have just come to light in New
York, and which go to destroy confidence in the
elective system, and to furnish monarchists with an
argument in favor of hereditary government. This
fountain-head is found to be in Philadelphia, and
in the marble palace of the Bank of the United
States. From that source all the foul work has
flowed. Thence comes the money-thence come
the Hlessians-thence comes the experienced dare.
devils, who can fight their weight in wildcats-
swear their way through all the voting places-and
vote in every ward of the three cities of Philadel-
phia, New York, and Baltimore. Thence comes
all this mass of villany, and there it is that reside
the officers of a city government who preside over
these trainbands, and direct them from State to
State, from city to city, from ward to ward, from
precinct to precinct. Philadelphia is the head-
quarters of these villains; the Bank of the United
States is their mother; and to this institution, bear.
ing and polluting the sacred name of oar country,
we are now indebted for a scene of iniquity--a
scene of bribery, perjury, false voting, and high-
handed villany which the annals of no country has
ever exceeded. This institution now stands before
the country as crowning all her former doing
amongst legislators and editors-as adding 'o all
her vast loans and fair business transactions with
Congressmen and editors-the astounding crime of
retaining a corps of trainband ruffians in the city
of Philadelphia, to be employed in elections at
home and abroad, and to fight, swear, and vole
wherever wanted, in Baltimore, New York, or Phi-
delphia itself-voting ashigh as sixteen times a piece
in the wards of a single city, in the course of one
single day! thus making these hell hounds of the
Bank the arbiters of elections in three great cities.

N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU,
REN, President of the United States of Ameri-
ca, do hereby declare and make known, that a pub-
lic sale will be held at the Land Office at Winamac,
in the State of Indiana, commencing on Monday,
the first day of March nexc, for the disposal of
the public lands within the limits of the under-
mentioned townships, to wit:
North of the base line and west of the second principal
Townships thirty, thirty-one, and thirty-two, of
range one.
Townships thirty, thirty-one, and thirty-two, of
range two.
Sections six, seven, eight, ani seventeen, to twen-
ty-four inclusive, and sections twenty-seven and
twenty-eight, in township twenty-nine, of range
Sections one, two, three, four, five, eight, nine,
ten, eleven, twelve, nineteen, and thirty, to thirty-
six inclusive, in township twenty-nine, of range
Sections one to eleven inclusive, the northwest
quarter of section seventeen, the southwest quarter
of section twenty, and sections eighteen and nine-
teen, and thirty, thirty-one, thirty-two, thirty-four,
thirty-five, and thirty-six, in township thirty-four,
of range seven.
Township thirty-five, except section two, of
range seven.
Township thirty-six, except sections twenty-
five, twenty-six, thirty-five, and thirny-six, of range
Sections one, two, three, four, eleven, twenty-
three, twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-
seven, and thirty-two, to thirty-six inclusive, in
township thirty-four, or range eight.
Sections six, nineteen, twenty, twenty-one, twen-
ty-two, twenty-three, twenty-seven, twenty-eight,
and thirty-one, to thirty-six inclusive, in township
thirty-five, of iange eight.
Township thirty-six, of range eight.
Sections five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven,
fourteen, fifteen, twenty, twenty-one, twenty-two,
twenty-six,, twenty-eight, twenty-nine,
thirty-two, thirty-three, and thirty-four, in township
thirty-three, of range nine.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of
schools, military, or other purposes, wilt be ex-
cluded from sale.
The sale will be kept open for two weeks (unless
the lands are sooner disposed of) and no longer;
and nio private entries of land, in the townships so
offered, will be admitted until after the expiration
of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washing-
ton, this twenty.third day of November,
anno Domini 1840.
By the President:
Commissioner of the Geunera Land (Ofce.

Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to land in any of the townships designated in this
proclamation, in virtue of the provisions of the act
of 22d June, 1838, as extended and modified by
the act of 1st June, 1840; or of the provisions of
the latter act granting certain frivilege4 to another
class of settlers, is requested to prove the same to
the satisfaction of the Register and Receiver of
the proper land office, and make payment therefore
as soon as practicable after seeing, fii notice, and be-
fore the day appointed for the c-.:mmencement of
the public sale of the land as above designated;
otherwise such claims will be forfeited.
Commissioner of the General Land Offict.
Nov 23-wtlMarch

MARSHAL'S SALE.-In virtue of a writ of
fieri facias, issued from the Clerk's office
of tne Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for
Washington county, and to me directed, I shall ex-
pose at public sale, for cash, on Monday, the 30th
day of this month, at 11 o'clock, a. am. before the
court-house door of said county, the following real
property, viz: Fqcare No. Ill, in the city of Wash-
ington, wi'h the improvement's thereon, being a
two story brick dwelling and out-houses. Also,
Square No. 110, in the city of Washington, and
also Square No. 133, in said criy. Seized and
taken as the property of William O'Neale, and sold
to satisfy Jud'cials No. 49 to November term, 1840,
in favor of the Bank of Metropolit, use mt John Ij.
Nov 6-dts Marshalof District of Columbia,





How proud is the position of Democratic Virgi-
nia. While Stare after State has wheeled or been
cheated into the arms of Federalism, corruption, and
fanaticism, the gallant Old Dominion, the mother
of States-beset on every side with arguments ad"
dressed to her supposed fears, her prejudiced, and
her interests-has firmly maintained her ancient
faith, and kept the vestal fire of pure Demo-
cracy brilliantly burning upon her domestic
altars. Like the virtuous LoT, surrounded
by the moral depravity of the devoted Sodom, her
virtue, her patriotism, the firmness with which she
has withstood the ruthless assaults that have proved
triumphant elsewhere, only shine with a brighter
lustre by the striking contrast which every
wheie obtrudes upon the notice of the observer.
The stern Democracy and virtues of her people
have borne her to a noble triumph, in an issue pe-
culiarly fraught with mighty consequences to her
future destiny. Her principles, her safety, her
interests, her domestic policy, like that of her
Southern sister, who were wholly blind or ssns6"
less to its importance, were suspended in doubt
upon the determination of the great struggle. Un-
like them, she has formed no treacherous alliance
with her most dangerous foe, with- the enemy most
peculiarly armed to inflict a deep and deadly wound
upon Southern happiness. She has not placed her-
se'f in hostile array against her natural and faithful
friends, the Democrats of the free States-has not
joined with her whole power in an unnatural union,
to strike down the last, the only effectual
barrier, wh;ch hitherto has afforded any. pro-
tection against the fell spirit of a fanaticism
more dangerous to their firesides than the wanton
brand of a foreign invader. No charge of ingrati-
tude lies at her door for having deserted her own,
her self-sacrificing protectors, to join the common
enemy. She knew her rights, knew her interests,
and her friends. She has cherished and supported
them all. Spurning alike the arts, the tricks, and
the delusions which sought to inveigle and ca-
jole her from the path of honor and gratitude,
her conduct contrasts nobly with that of her
misguided and deceived sisters, who have
yielded with more than a generous-yes, with a
reckless-confidence, to the evil counsels of ill-
directed ambition. What others have done, and
how great is the value of this, the proudest act in
the whole history of the ancient Commonwealth,
may be seen and felt in the.perusal of the follow-
ing extract. It speaks the bitter feelings which the
unholy union between Abolition and Federalism
has wrought, not in one, but in the bosom of all the
most prominent defenders of Southern rights living
in the free States.
Extract from a letter, dated,
WAniEN, (0.) Nov. 15, 1840.
DzAR Si: The result of the recent elections is a
painful matter to either think or write upon.
At times I am almost persuaded that there is
danger of the perpetuity of our happy form of Go-
mernment. Many an honest Democrat, for the
first time in his life, has serious doubts. For my-
self, I yet firmly believe that a free, independent,
and equal form of Government can, and will be
maintained. True, disappointment has met me in
every quarter. Above all, I am the most di'ap-
pointed at the South. I could not believe that a
union would take place between the Abolitionists of
the North and the slaveholder of the South. Yet such
is the fact. The Democracy of Ohio lost its pow-
er by the open, frank, and generous stand we took
against Abolition. When the resolution upon the
question of Abolition was proposed in our
State convention on the 8th of January last,
we well knew its passage would hazard the result
in Ohio. Yet we felt that it was for the interest
and welfare of oar sister States of the South that
S the sacrifice be made, and it was done.
Again, when Kentucky knocked at our doors for
the passage of laws 'to protect their property, the
Democracy of Ohio obeyel the summons. Those
two measures lost us Ohio. Yes, and for fear our
overthrow would not be sure, Kentucky has sent
her most talented men through our State during the
campaign, to aid in the work. Deeply will she re-
-elt it.
It will lea difficult task for us to fight for the in-
terests of the South, when we have this convincing
evidence they haye gone over to the common enemy
True it is, that it will be difficult for the North-
ern Democracy to continue to fght for Southern
protection, when the evidence shall become palpa-
ble, that the whole South has not only abandoned
them, but gone over to the enemy, and joined in the
war against their generous friends. Who can but
appreciate the feelings ofourOhio friends, smarting
under the unkind return which Kentucky has ren-
dered for their generous devotion to her welfare,
for their prompt, chivalric compliance with the de-
mands of her commissioners in 18387
The State has so acted as to show to the Aboli-
tionists that they hold the balance of power. The
result of the election fully proves that but for them,
the Federal party, with all its banks and corporate
allies, would not, even with the enormous aid of
the pipe layers, have overpowered them. It has
shown to Abolition its real strength. That party
now know that they number more votes than the
majority which either of the other parties have re-
aeived in any of the free States of this Union, and
that they can turn the scale in favor of that
one which is so recreant to principle as to
court their alliance. What could Southerners rely
upon to prevent Northern Democrats from with-
drawing from the field, when the half of their own
forcedoes worse than to give way? Will the entire
devotion to principle which Northern Democia s
have hitherto manifested, still protect the South,
when she discards and disarms those in whose
success the South is most deeply interested? The
cup of Abolition contains nothing poisonous to
Noetherp constitutions; it is in fact harmless there.
Its poison consists in its capacity for destruc-
tion in another quarter. Virginia and South Caro-
lina offer a healing balm, an antidote to the
fretting pain of the wounds inflicted by
the conduct of Kentucky and her associate
States. It is a proud pre-eminence. It offers a
pledge of fidelity to principle which atones much
for the conduct of such as have turned their backs

upon those who were never called upon for pro-
tection in vain-upon those who have been sacri-
ficed for answerin; the call. No then and South-
emrn Federalism has formed with Northern and
Western Abolition a blind but perfect union.
Yet these two States have stood forth to
denounce the banns. That they stand alone,
is to be deplored, not less than the proud
eminence on which they are thereby placed
is to be admired. If Kentucky has joined
her enemies-if Tennessee, Maryland, and all
the other members of the Confederacy south of the
Potomac have followed suite, and blindly nurtured
the serpent best calculated to inflict a mortal sting
upon the bosom that thoughtlessly warmed it into
life, and gave it strength-if by so doing they have
earned the fame of ingratitude to their best
and faithful benefactors, they have only furnished
a contrast which redounds to and consummate5
the honor of these, their less credulous, but
more patriotic, sisters. Henceforth, let Virginia
stand, as of old, upon the exalted ground of truly
representing Southern principles and interests.
Let her act remain a pledge, that in yielding a
thoughtless alliance with Northern factions, under
the treacherous impulses of a "enerou cmfi-

fence," and abandoning their suffrage to the work
ef destroying the defences against the dreaded in-
roads of misguided philanthropy, they committed
the serious error of sinning against themselves in
ignorance of what they did.

From the Boston Liberator.
NANTUCKET, Nov. 9,1840.
In arriving at my views, it is scarce necessary to
add, that I have not assumed General H. to be less
hostile to emancipation than Mr. Van Buren. To
save words, I have admitted both to be as bad as
any one chooses to have them. I ought, however,
to say, I am not aware that Harrison "stands
pledged to resist" an Abolition bill, should a majo-
rity of Congress pass one. I rather consider him
pledged not to exercise the veto power at all, which
would be consistent with his practice when Go-
vernor of Indiana. Mr. Clay avows it as a Whig
measure, to take that power out of the hands of the
Executive. The limitation of Harrison's service to
a single term, will leave him freer to act out his
views of right, than any of his predecessors can
have been.
This BADBURNa, from whose letter we quote the
above, is a member of the Massachusetts Legisla-
ture, and was elected by the Whigs and Abolition-
ists. He introduced a bill at the last session of the
Legislature, to legalize the amalgamation of'the
white and black population, which, if we recollect
aright, received the votes of Whigs and Abolition-
ists, and was only defeated by the veto of Govy.
MoRToN-that same Gov. MonRTON whose Aboli-
tion doctrines were so heinous in the sight of South-
ern Federalism that they were never forgiven him
by those chivalrous sons of the South who were
content to march "cheek by jowl" with SLADE,
GATES, JOHN C. CLARKE, and "others of that
ilk," in their unhallowed crusade against the
administration of Mr. VAN BUREN. BRADBURN
"is not aware that HARRISON stands pledged to re-
sist an Abolition bill, should a majority of Con-
gress pass one," but presumes that he will be a
passive tool in the hands of a Whig Congress;
which Whig Congress will be obliged to sacrifice
the rights of the South, in order to obtain the sup-
port of the Abolitionists for the United States
Bank. We shall see another bargain between the
blackleg and puritan.
The county of Sangamon, Illinois, with 2600
white males over 20 years of age, gave 3200 votes;
six HUNDRED more than there were voters, admitting
that boys of 20 years, and every male above that
age, are legal voters, were all present and actually
cast their votes. Verily this was doing a "big
business." This takes the shine off from the LoosNEv
counties of Ohio. This was pipe laying with
a vengeance. Thank God the Democracy
are not cursed with a victory won by such
shameful means. Their defeat is more glori
ous, more to be desired, infinitely more acceptable
than success thus secured. If Democrats had
swindled themselves into power by such a whole-
sale system of fraud and corruption, thefefor of rot-
tenness would have followed them forever. It
would have been like the poisoned shirt of NEssus.
Thank God their skirts are clear and pure. We
envy not Federalism the glory of her triumph. It
is a triumph over truth and virtue, won by means
conceived in sin, and brought forth in iniquity, and
unless the principles of hard cider have reversed
the established laws of nature and morality, it can
produce no good.
Read the letter.
From the Chicago Morning Democrat, Nov. II.
Extract from alette, t l ,.- : .1 ii,. ,. : Democrat
dated 1.,,,-, .
"You have, doubtless, heard the election news
ere this. We are badly beaten in all this part of
the State. The Federalists have increased their
majorities immensely, particularly in this Con-
gressional district, where they will probably have
a majority of about three thousand votes. The
causes of this increase are, in part, inexplicable.
The Latter Day Saints have done much towards
it, particularly in the Military Tract. They have
voted for Harrison, although nearly all of them
are Democrats and will a-t in future with the De-
mocratic party. In every county, as far as heard
from, the Democrats have increased their votes since
the August election, and yet the Feds have in-
creased their majorities. Such is the case in this
county. Van Buren has received more votes than
any of our candidates did in August, and still the
Federal majority has been increased 150 votes.
Where these additional votes came from, no-
body knows. According to the census which has
just been completed, Sangamon county contains
only two thousand sBi hundred white male persons
over twenty years of age, and has given three thou-
sand t vo hundred votes. I understand many other
counties show the same result. This matter must
be investigated and explained. From all the infor-
mation I can collect, I am satisfied that an exten-
sive system of fraudulent voting has been prac-
tised by the Federal party at the late election,
and that their increased number of votes is to
be accounted for in that way. Thanks to God,
they may not have carried their frauds quile
far enough to carry the State. I hope the State
is safe for us by a majority between one and two
thousand in this election, and I believe that our
majority would not have been less than seven
thousand if there had been no imported votes, no
double voting, and, in short, no illegal voting. Be
not disheartened Our prospects for ultimate suc-
cess were never brighter. The eyes of the people
will be opened by the enormous frauds of the Fe-
deral party."

The first article, entitled "The History and Mo-
ral Relations of Political Economy," contains very
many good thoughts, and others which are aot
good. On WAYLAND'S "Elements of Political
Economy," more prale is bestowed than the book
deserve'. As a compilation it is well enough for
schoolboys; but the sophislictl manner in which
banking is therein treated, ought to cause those pa-
rents who wish their children to know the truth on
this important subject, to put other authors than
WAYLAND into their hands.
The commendations th, reviewer bestows on RA
UUET'S "Treatise on Currency and Banking," and
VETHAKE'S "Principles of Political Economy,"
make amends, in some degree, for his misplced
praise of WAYLAND'S compilation. But classing
these authors, who are original thinkers, with WAY-
LAND, who, in political economy at least, is a mere
book-maker, is doing them great injustice.
Towards the close of the article, RICARDO is spo-
ken of as one who has contributed much to the
advancement of this branch of science. His true

character may be found in the preface to the
"Dissertation on Value," by the author of the "Es-
say on the Formation of Opinions." RicARDo has
done more towards obfuscating the science of Poli-
tical Economy than any man that ever wrote, ex-
cept, perhaps, HENRY C. CAREY.
The next article is of a lighter character, and
entited "The Death of DoN PEDRO," by the author
of "The Brothers," "Cromwell," etc. It is good, no
doubt, though we have not had time to read it.
This is followed by a notice of a work entitled
"Two Years Before the Mast," in which the suf-
ferings of a sailor's life are described. From the
extracts given, it would seem that the masters of
some of our American merchant vessels are as
very despots as are the petty kings of the interior
of Africa.
An interesting and instructive discourse, entitled
"A Lay Sirmon at Sea," by A. DAVEZAC, esq.
succeeds the notice of "Two Years Before the
The next article is entitled "The .Question of
Prices." As this question loses none of its interest
through the result of the election, we intend, if we
can find room for it, to republish this article.
The author of the thouShts "On the Intelligence

Sof the People," evidently belongs to one of the
schools of Jhe transcm.dentalita. As such it may
be presumptive in us to judge him; but many of
his thoughts are very good, and if obscurity hangs
over others, it may be attributed to the difficulty
writers of this class find in expressing their ideas
in common English.
"Fragments of the Unpublished Reminiscences
of Edward Livingston," close the number. These
are very interesting.

It will be seen from the copy of the letter
published below, received by the Secretary of
War from the General commanding the army in
Florida, that the recent efforts of the Government
to terminate the war with the Seminole Indians by
negotiation, though the intervention of some of the
mostinfluential of the chiefs of that tribe'who had
been removed West, has failed in consequence of
the usual treachery of the Indians.
Fort King, Nov. 15, 1840.
Sin: Early this morning, I was informed by the
Arkansaw delegation, that some of the prisoners in
camp had disappeared during the night. On send-
ing out to the Indian encampment, it was discovered
that all the Indians had gone.
Thus has ended all our well grounded hopes of
bringing the war to a close by pacific measures;
confident in the resources of the country, the enemy
will hold out to the last, and can never be induced
to come in again.
But the day before yesterday the chiefs not only
expressed a willingness but a desire to emigrate to
the West. Acting up in full faith to the promises
I had made to them, their conduct is only to be at-
tributed to the faithless disposition which has ever
characterized them.
The partial delay caused by the armistice has not
tended to the injury of the operations in Florida,
inasmuch as it has been conducive to the health
of the three regiments which have suffered so se-
verely-they will now be enabled to take the field
in larger force.
Immediately upon the withdrawal of the Indians,
orders were transmitted to commanders of regi-
ments to put their troops in motion, and before this
communication reaches you they will be scouting in
every direction.
Having left nothing unattempted with the means
in my power, I shall now press the war with in-
creased energy, and hope soon to apprise the De-
partment of the capture or destruction of some of
the enemy.
1 have the honor to enclose to you a copy of the
order issued on the renewal of hostilities.
I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Brig. General Comn. Army of Florida.
Hon. J. R. POItSETT, Secretary of War,
Washington, D. C.
Sti Wonder what Mr. Van Baren now thinks
of the "sober second thoughts of thc people"? Are
they still "right" and always efficient" ?
[Raleigh (N. C.) Star.
Wewould advise the Editor of the RaleighStar that
he is walking on ticklish ground when he thus ven-
tures to twit Mr. VAN BUREN with the repetition of
his noble sentiment. The less the Whigs say about
"sober second thoughts," the better; for we opine
that they have not enjoyed many sober thoughts of
any kind since the opening of the late campaign
with a champagne frolic by the delegates of the
Harrisburg Convention, which has been followed
up by hard ciiter revels allover the country.
sent us by the General Agent for the work, (Mli.
T. R. HAMPTON of this city,) is very interesting.
Twenty odd pages are filled with "The American
in London," by the .mnerican is Paris. The
Crayon Papers, by WASHINGTON IRVING, are con-
tinued in this number, and are more than usually
attractive. A tale by J. B. MooRE, entitled "T'he
Winnipiseogee Huntsman," will be found ex-
ceedingly interesting; and among the several fine
poems, is "The Retreat of 76," by FLAcCts, which
is both long and good. We pronounce this one
of the best, if not the very best, of American peri-
odicals, whether considered as to size, execution,
or contents.
The November number is also received by the
son of the Agent, who may be seen at his office,
near the City Post Office.


B ...: L .., h in ,,
">.rin M inI
( ,1 . -i '

New Haven,
New London,
r..ii ,-,.J.
t% l.,jrdhr,,

V.B. Hliar. Counties. V. B. lI Har.
4959 4043 Coos, 1051 353
6755 5352 -
5026 2750 31,919 25,483
4727 8753 25,483
2280 3657
2154 2129 V. B. maj. 6,435
4967 3152
V.B. Har. Counties. V.B. Htar.
4504 6221 Middlesex, 2275 2775
3849 4940 -
3856 4S68 24,883 31,212
3143 3813 24,883
3571 4319
1513 1993 iHar. maj. 6,324
2177 2784

The following is the highest vote on each ticket.
Neither ticket varies more than 10 votes between
the highest and lowest.
Counties. V. B. Iar. Counties, V. B. tHar:
ii-.. ,,, 1003 1271 Cecil, 1314 1448
\%% 2.., .,., 2290 2485 Kent, 475 678
Frederick, 2624 2958 Queen Anne's 661 778
Montgomery, 665 1099 Talbot, 683 749
Anne Arundel, 1384i 1605 Caroline, 537 690
Carroll, 1610 1554 Dorchester, 39 13tSt
Prince George, 609 1017 Somerset, 848 1516
Charles, 502 841 Worcester, 691 1494
St. Mary's 415 896 -
Calvert, 425 494 Total, 28,759 33,533
Baltimore City, 7326 7296 28,759
Baltimoieco'ty, 2620 1941 -
Hartford, 1248 1342 IHarrlison's majority, -,774
We have received for publication the following
communication. It comes from a responsible
source; but we forbear remarks, because we are in-
formed that the facts are communicated to the Exe-
cutive, and will, no doubt, be communicated to the
POND TowsN, 4ih Nov. 1840.
MEssRS. EDITORS: I regret to inform you that, on
yesterday, a most daring outrage was perpetrated
upon the rights of freemen, by Thomas Sullivan
and his crew. At the election on Monday, we
polled three hundred and thirty-eight votes majority
t'or Van Buren at this precinct. On yesterday
morning, when the returns were taken to Americus,
to be consolidated, they were taken from the ma-
nagers conveying them, and they (the managers)
severely beaten. After this, the returns were pub-
licly burned in the Court-house square. This was
done by Thomas Sallivan, the man who, a year
since, made such dreadful complaint about FRAUD
in the elections. Respectfully, yours, &c.
[illtedgeville (Ga.) Union.
-At a late splendid dinner given to Mr. McDoffie
at Columbia, the following was given as one of the
standing toas's:
"Virginia: In '98 she roused the States to a sense
of the danger to be apprehended from assumed
authority; now, as well as then, she is expected to
be true to the cause of Democracy and the Consti-
In '98 she roused up the States against the Fede-
ral dynasty. In 1840, she has proved herself true
to her principles. In 1841, she is ready again tI
be the flag-bearer, and to raise the consecrated
standard. "We are where we ever have been, and
ever mean to be." Let chivalrous South Carolina
depend upon THAT!-Richmond Enquirer.
Extract of a letter received in this city, dated Key
West, Nov. 10, 1840:
"Tue ship Norway, of Biston, from Havre for
New Orleans, with a valuable cargo, is totally lost
on Key Sal Bank; her passengers were taken offby
a brig, and arrived here on the 7th inst. About
eight or ten of our wrecking vessels left immediate-
ly for the wreck. The passengers report the ship
bilged-no lives lost.
"The Indians are becoming more and more bold
every day. Two vessels, engage i in turtling, were
chased by Indians, in three canoes and one whale
boat, taken at the burning of Indian Key. This
occurredd in the bay, and a short distance from Key
Vacas. Unless the Government send some force
here, I should not be in the least surprised if we re-
ceive an attack."--New Orkans Courier.

Prom the London Morning Chronicle.
Dr. Bowring's report on Syria, which has just
been distributed, supplies a valuable body of infor-
mation on the state of that country, much of which
is new to the British public. Syria is estimated to
contain about 50,000 square miles-the whole pc-
pulation seems somewhat under a million and a
half. The revenue for 1835, amounted to about
640,000 sterling. The expenditure exceeds the
revenue by about 500,000. Dr. Bowring say.:
"It cannot be doubted that the possession of Syria
is very onerous in a pecuniary point of view to the
Pacha. It is a generally received opinion that the
35,000 purses (.175,000 sterling) which are paid
in tribute to the Porte, and which do not appear in
the statement furnished by the Government, are
usually paid by Egypt. Thus an enormous amount
of the surplus revenues of the Viceroy's territories
in Africa are swallowed up by his Asiatic posses-
All accounts agree that the population is de-
creasing,l in consequence of the conscription and
the forced labor to which the industrious classes
have been subjected.
"Mr. Moore," says Dr. Bowring, "estimates the
military forces of Syria at from 40,000 to 50,000
men. The last conscription added about 15,000
men to the army, and between 7,000 and 8,000
had reached Syria and Egypt. Since the Egyptian
conquest there have been three conscriptions.
They ate carried on in the most irregular manner,
by a sort of general arrest, which is conducted
about the streets, in the fields, and inathe dwellings
of the people. A medical examination takes
place. The suitable men are detained, and the
others dismissed; but those who are dismissed ob-
tain no security against a second capture. Every
new conscription adds to the difficulty on the part
of the Government, and the dread on the part of
the people. They almost invariably detest the mili-
tary service, of which banishment from their coun-
try and enrolment for life are the common con-
ditions. * * Like, as in every other
part of the East,the exhaustion of the population by
constantly returning conscriptions is perpetually
checking the tendencies towards improvement. In
scarcely any parts of the rural districts are hands
enough left to cultivate the soil. Almost all the
young and strong male population has been drafted
into the Nizam, and there were some villages in
which a fourth part of the inhabitants had been so
taken possession of.
"There is indeed no grievance so universally
felt among the Mussulman population in Syria as
that of the conscription, 'which,' says Mr. Wessy,
'is effected forcibly, without reference to the wants
of families for the service of the youth, or any other
consideration, beyond choosing the stoutest and
most able-bodied for the military service.' The
service is for an unlimited period. Conscripts ar
obtained with great difficulty, and against the will
of the mass of the population. No conscription
had taken place since the beginning of th3 winter
of 1835, until the general one of this year; the for-
mer I calculated at 27,000, the numbers obtained
from a person attached to the Egyptian army; but
I added 18,000 more making the total of ths con-
scriptions at about that period 45,000, though the
former was the military return.
"As to the question whether population is in-
creasing or decreasing, and the causes of its aug-
mentation or decline, Mr. Wessy says it has been
ascertained from the 'Ferdeh Register' that the po-
pulation of the great towns and villages has de-
creased. The principal cause is the conscription,
though the numbers taken for the service do not
make the difference. Emigration may be consi-
dered as filling up the wanting numbers; and had
this cause not existed, I am of opinion that the po-
pulation would have increased; but when it is con-
sidered that a majority of the young and more ro-
bust part of the male population is taken for the
military service-and of those who escape the con-
scription a great proportion emigrates-this alone,
without other considerations which check the pro-
pagation of the human species, is a sufficient cause
lor a decline of population."
We can easily believe that "it requires great
suffering to induce the farmers to quit their horses,
and fly to a strange country." 'n-.,niin r-
tract from a representation At t'..- British iierc an-
tile firms at Aleppo, speaks volumes as t.. n- m .-
ry caused in Syria by the iron rule of the Pacha.
Among the grievances complained of, are:
"The seizing of camels and mules by Govern-
cent for its own purposes, without giving notice,
without leaving portions for the purposes of trade,
and % i'hint rremiti'erain-ir 1h. owners; the conse-
quence. '.1 v uhi '; r-, ihr i'h- cameliers and mule-
teers, being compelled to give so much labor gra-
tis, increase, the price of their labor to the mer-
chants in proportion to what they lose by the Go-
vernment. That the seizures often happen when
large stocks of 2.-..1; are landed at the coast for
transmission to Aleppo, rnd being left there for
lack of conveyance, we suffer loss of interest, and
often loss of market; and in the same way, when
stocks are here for shipment to the coast, that the
seizing system is aggravated by the practice of
seizing camels and mules going down, under ac-
twl contract with the British houses to bring up
their goods, and in some cases even when loaded
with British property; and we think that the after
admission by the government of the army does
not compensate us for the loss, nor that such ad-
mission, in each case, while such cases are continu-
ally recurring, gives any evidence that there is a
real desire to abandon the system.
"The system of seizing conscripts for the army
from all classes by force, and for a period of inde-
finite service in a foreign country, produces to us
these consequences:
"Debtors flee to hiding, and are often taken for
soldiers, whereby our debts are often endangered,
and always delayed.
"A large proportion of the able and industrious
youth ate taken from the cities-the agricultural
producers from the villages-decreasing the indus-
try and production of the country, and by conse-
quence the consumption of British goods.
"But the evil of this system is wider and deeper
spread-debtors flee, and debts are endangered-
the earners of wages are taken, and the incomes of
families reduced. But the Turks suffer more from
the insolence of the men employed to take away
their young men-the robbery of their women,
when (as has frequently occurred) their houses are
forcibly entered-and the general destruction of
their peace and security; so that many families are
emigrating from the cities and villages, and, to em-
ploy their own phrase, 'they have no heart to buy.'
We find that, under such circumstances, the Turk-
ish population entirely neglect the decoration of
their persons and houses; and as they are our best
customers for the better sorts of British manufac-
tures, the market for these descriptions of our Im-
ports is lamentably deteriorated by the recent con-
Ii were needless to multiply proof of the calami-
ties occasioned by the endeavor of Mehemet Alt to
make himself a powerful ruler. The boasted im-
provements of Mehemet Alt seem to reduce them-
selves to this, that, having a large and well organ-
ized army; there is no spot saved from his oppres-
sitn. Under the former state of things, there were,
no doubt, many irregularities, and the peace of the
country was frequently disturbed by the quarrels of
rival chiefs. Bet the people were used to these irregu-
laritiee,andbhadmanyia ,ip,,-.ii... s. in. '.r..
But they are altogether without defence against the
grinding oppression of Mehemet Ali. The rule of
Mehemet Alt does nut benefit the Syrians, and is
positively injurious to himself. The resources of

Egypt are wasted on Syria and his other Asiatic
conquests. We are, therefore, utterly at a loss to
understand how matters can be made worse, as the
French journals pretend, by compelling the Pacha
to give up Syria. No state of things can be worse
for the inhabitants of Syria than the present. And
as for the Pacha himself, Syria can only be of im-
portance to him as a means of aiding his views in
Turkey. If lie wish to remain at peace, he would
be better off with Egypt alone than with Syria add-
ed to it. The inhabitants of Syria would seem un-
der their former Government, bad as they were, to
have enjoyed a considerable share of happiness.
Dr. Bowring describes the laboring classes as better
off than the same classes in England:
"The condition of the laboring classes," he says,
'is, comparatively with those in England, easy and
good. They feed on mutton at three piastres per
oke, several times a week, bread daily, sometimes
rice pillaus, and always bulgur pillaus. Bulgur is,
a preparation of wheat, husked and bruised, or half
ground, after having been moistened and dried.
Their pillaus are made either with butter, olive or
sesam oil, leboa, joghoutrt, cheese, egg-', olives, va-
rious dried fruits, and an abundance of vegetables,
teets, roots, turnips, and radishes, preserved in
brine or vinegar, and cucumbers and capsicums in
vinegar, for winter use. Their clothing is not very
coarse. The fine climate permits them to wear
1 ght cotton and other similar apparel; .l irn ih-
short winter they are generally well cover .i. Th,-,r
".,-I,:ri is good. Generally each family h-, a -ifrp-
rate house, or a set of rooms; in the town and vil-
lages a house. The prices of lodgirt-,' acn.rd-
ing to locality. Lodging generally in S) na 1'r all

classes is cheap, comparatively, with most other
The condition of the inhabitants of Mount Le-
banon in particular, seems to have been enviable.
"They are," says Dr. Bowring, "an active and
labcrious race, who turn to good account such
parts of their soil as are suited to agricultural pro-
duction. Their personal bearing is far more proud
and independent than that of the Syrians in gene-
ral. In many parts of the mountain range the land
is laid out in terraces, much resembling the almost
horticultural cultivation of Tuscany and Lucca
~* There is no part of Syria in
which there is so obvious an activity-none in
which the inhabitants appear ss prosperous 6.r so
In Egypt the inhabitants have, in all time, been
subject to task-masters, and a very small force can
enforce submission. But Syria can never be go-
verned on the same system, and the expenditure of
the revenues of Egypt in an endeavor to introduce
that system, may cause unspeakable misery, but
must prove abortive. The French journals talk of
the inability of the Sultan to enforce submission in
Syria. The French are constantly confounding
strong governments with national welfare. What
if the Government of the Sultan be not stronger
than it has been? A country, of which the labor-
ing classes are better off than the same classes in
England, with mountainous ranges like Lebanon,
exhibiting high cultivation by an industrious and
spirited population, was not a condition generally
to be pitied; and it appears that the people of Sy-
ria would gladly return to the old state of things,
which suited them much better than the iron rule of
the Pacha.
From the Sunday Morning News, (a Whig print.)
Excitement, with our people, is the order of the
day. The result of the Presidential election being
sufficiently ascertained to satisfy one party that
they are successful, and the other that they are rout-
ed, horse, foot, and dragoons, they return to the fa-
mous-we ought rather to say the iafanious-Glent-
worth papers and the fiauds of '38.
Our opinions have undergone no change-our in-
dignation no abatement. Mr. Glentworth has been
the miserable tool of corrupt party politicians, who
knew his venality and price; who regularly bought
him for political purposes, and paid him by giving
him the place of tobacco inspector as the price of
infamy-forgetting that by this movement they com-
mitted themselves, and made their slave and tool
for the present, their master for the future, and
placed in his hands a scorpion lash, with which he
could severely chastise them, if at any time there-
after they thought fit to break "the honorable com-
pact," express or implied. True, it may not be
brought home to the higher powers, or the "elite"
of the party; but, unless something was rotten in
the Whig administration ranks, would he dare to
threaten them with public exposure and disgrace,
if they removed him from office? Would they
submit to be taunted by the creature they had
made, unless they knew they were in his pow-
er? It is contrary to nature and opposed to
political practice. If they were not in his
power, the response would have been, "off with
his head," and execution would have been done
upon the insolent incumbent. The Whig partisan
papers endeavor to create a false issue. It is not
germain to the inquiry whether the court was le-
gally constituted or not? whether the Recorder
transcended his powers, or used his situation for
political purposes? They have every opportunity
of rebuking or disproving the charges, of carrying
up the question of the constitutionality of the Court,
and impeaching the Recorder; but there is some-
thing in the obstinacy with which he continues to
pursue the investigation, after his party has been
signally defeated, which looks to us very much
like moral honesty and judicial firmness, and for
this we support the Recorder. We say, let the in-
I. .1.1 i1 go on; let it be thorough, searching, and
complete, until the whole conspiracy is unravelled,
and all the actors and doers arraigned before the
public. If the Recorder and his party commenced
the game for political capital, we would go on and
have it finished for national goo], the purification
of the ballot box, and the protection of the right of
suffrage. We say, therefore, to the Recorder, if he
is satisfied that he is legally right, to go on, not-
wilhstanding the sneers of his associates or the vio-
lent attack of partisan papers. The mas of the
people of both parties, honest at the core and igno-
rant of frau'l-disdainirng all participation in
i0'M--TI'li ,upp..-r him, and he will carry with
him a reward greater than all others, the conscious
ness of duty frihully discharged. We give the
conclusion of his address to the jury, and we com-
mend it to the sober consideration of the peope- or not, it is patriotic and correct-ard as
we have never blindly followed in the wake of the
party in their hours of gloom and despondency, so
will we not ndw bend before them when they are
flushed with political success. Proscription and
denouncement will prostrate in a short time any
party who venture to act contrary to public opinion.
We go with the people.

WHO UPHOLDS PRAaUD?-One class of Whigs try to
throw off the odium of the frauds and wickedness
which has been practised by their leaders, by say-
ing, "the Loco Focos are just as bad"-that they
cheat and defraud. When we see or hear any such
remark, no matter by whom made, if he does not
produce the proof we know him to be a villain.
Give us the proof, give us the evidence of fraud by
any Democrat, and we will denounce and expose it
a; openly as if it were committed by an opponent.
The man who would undertake to shield culprit',
and excuse their villany, would commit the same
crimes himself.-Niles (Xlieh.) I.i,., :fe,',r

New York paid from ten to twenty dollars a day
for "pipe layers," which is the Newgate term for
laborers in the Whig cause who vote sixteen times at
one election. Who doubts that they are in favor
of high wages?--Nites (.lich.) Intelligencer.

Dr. Elidridge, who was accused of a number of
forgeries, has been tried at Philadelphia, and ob-
tained a verdict of not guilty.

BEAMs.-Among the 'standing products of New
England, next to ice and pumpkins, beans take the
lead. Vessels fitted out in that part of the country
carry a barrel of beans to every half barrel of
bread, and a quintal of codfish to every ten pounds
of beef. A Beverly captain once hoisted his colors
at half mast on the wide ocean, and thus operated
on the humanity of another captain, who ciime
down and boarded him. There was found bread
enough, water enough, fish enough, beef and pork
enough-but only three barrels of beans ten
men, who had yet a month's passage before them.
It is unnecessary to say that the circumstances of
the case authorized the signal of distress.

The cotton market, on Saturday last, continued
to maintain the same steady character noticed in
our review of that morning; and the demand was
tolerably fair, the sales having amounted to about
3,000 bales. On Monday there was a considerable
increase in the number of buyers, and the market
exhibited a much more animated appearance than
for some time past, as well as an increased degree
of firmness; the sales reached to upwards of 6,000
bales. Yesterday there was again a very active
inquiry, and fully 4,000 bales were disposed of at
rather fuller prices, in most instances, than were
before current, though we do not feel authorized in

making any change in our previous quotations.
English buyers and the agents for our Northern
manufactoties have been the chiet operators; but
there has been more business doing on French ac-
count and for the continent than last week.
[J'ew Orleans Courier, .Nov. 11.

DEATH OF ZAnHAaRAH LEwIs.-It is our melan-
choly office this morning to announce the death of
Zactliariah Lewis, esq. who departed this life on
Saturday, at his residence, Brooklyn Heights, in
the 68th year of his age. Mr. Lewis was sen of
the late venerable Dr. Isaac Lewis, of Greenwich,
Crnnecticut, who died a few months since at the
advanced age of 96. He (Mr. Z. L.) was educa-
ted for the Christian ministry, and took orders in
the Presbyterian church at an early age.
Fie was an excellent scholar, and was for a time
in the family of General Washington as private tu-
tor. In the month of February, 1803, he succeed-
ed the now venerable Dr. Noah Webster, as editor
of the Commercial Advertiser and New York Spec-
tator, at the head of which he remained seventeen
years, retiring at the close of March, 1820.
[N. Express.
The Cincinnati Republican seems to be exces-
.,tly anxious to prove that the forged letter to
1,thur Tappan originated with the friends of Mr.
Van Burep. The same hand that forged the tri-
umphant reply of Harrison to Randolph, probably
torged the letter of Harrison to Tappan.
[Luisville ,advertiseer,

The following has been transmitted to the De-
partment of State by the Consul of the United
States at London:
21st Oztober, 1840.
Notice is hereby given, that a beacon has been
experimentally placed upon the southeastern part of
the Goodwin Sands, with the object of affording
means of safety to persons who may unfortunately
suffer shipwreck upon parts of these dangerous
Sands, from which this beacon is accessible at low
water; and mariners are hereby cautioned, that be-
ing situate a considerable distance within the south-
eastern edge of the sand, this beacon is not, on any
account, to be regarded as a beacon of direction;
and they will observe that from it
The South Sand Head Light Vessel bears S. W.
by W. Westerly. Distant about 64 miles.
The South Foreland Upper LightIouse W. S.
W. t W.
The Gull Light Vessel, N. W. 4 Njortherly.
Distant about 3M miles.
The Goodwin Light Vessel, N. E. by N. Dis-
tant about 51 miles.
Notice is also given, that a beacon for direction
is now preparing, and will be placed with all prac-
ticable expedition upon the Eastern Spit of the
Goodwin Sand, which forms the south point of the
Swatchway, leading into Trinity Bay from the
eastward; further particulars respecting which will
be duly notified.
By order:
J. HERBERT, Secretary.
From the Philadelphia Public Ledger.
In the address delivered inOctober last,by Nicho-
las Biddle, esq. at the Philadelphia Agricultural
Exhibition, there was the following paragraph:
"With regard to wages, it may sound strangely,
yet I believe it to be true, that the real interest of
all farmers is, that wages should be high, and for
this reason: A laboring man is not a mere machine
-a human poor-bbix, into whose mouth is put a
daily number of cents never to re-appear, but a
living bring with wants and desires, which he will
not tail to gratify the moment he possesses the
means. If he can earn only a scanty pittance, just
enough to keep him alive, he starves on according-
ly-his food bread and water, a half f'd, half clad,
wholly uniaght animal, with a useless mouthful
of carnivorous teeth But if his wages increase,
heir-.tiantl employs them in comforts; in clothes
for hi-,:.l t and family; and, as he rises inthescale,
ventures on the taste of meat. He employs a tailor
-a shoemaker-a hstter-a butcher-and these
in turn purchase the materials of their trade from
the farmer himself. The laborer becomes thus a
customer of himself, and the paver of other cus-
tomers-and the farmer receives back, with abun-
dant interest, the difference which he advances in
the first instance between high wages and low
wages. It is for this reason that one of our
shrewdest farmers used to say, yes, give our labor-
ers good wages, and they will buy our beef. Thus,
too, the bounties of Providence go round a beniefi-
cent circle-and, after making the laborer better
fed, better clad, better taught-in short, a better
man, the farmer himself is richer for the very be-
nefits he dispenses. Depend upon it, there is no
surer sign of national prosperity than high wages
-and God grant that for many a long year it may
be the lot of our countrymen, who subsist by the
labor of their hands, to work well-to be paid well
-and to live well."
It is a fanlt too common with our countrymen,
and even with many who are highly intelligent, to
permit other people to think for them, instead of
thinking for themselves; and by this means gross
errors are often propagated, to the great mis-
chief of the community. This is especially the
fact, when the public thinking is left to men who
have a celebrity which gives a currency to what
they say; for in such case the hearers do not take
the trouble to ascertain whether the doctrine pro-
claimed is sound or unsound, and hence they are
as liable to be imposed upon as persons are who
receive bank notes indiscriminately, without exa-
mining whether they are genuine orcounterfeit.
In the above remarks of Mr. Biddle there is a
mixture of truth and error. It is a truth that a
labot ing man is not "a mere machine, a human pocr
box," and it is also a truth that a laboring man
cannot live as well upon low wages as upon high
wages, and that when he receives high wages, he
will live with more comfort than when he receives
low wages. But it is an error to maintain that "the
real interest of all farmers is that wages should
shouldd be high," if by this is meant, as we suppose
it to be, that higher wages should be given by
farmers than the rate established by the competi-
tion of the market, that is, by the proportion which
the demand for agricultural labor bears to the
number of persons who are willing to engage in
such labor. To make this clear, so that any one
may understand it who can do his own thinking,
let us take a particular illustration, and not deal in
The proposition is this, that it is for the interest
of farmers, who can hire laborers for a dollar a day,
to give them a dollar and a half; that is an advance
of fifty per cent. and for this reason, that the labor-
ers, by employing more tailors, shoemakers, hatters,
and butchers than before, will raise up customers who
will pay to the farmer a higher price for his produce
than he could before obtain. This "circle" looks
very plausible, but whether it will be a "beneficial"
one or not remains to be seen from an examination
into the effects that will be produced among all
classes of the community.
And; first, how will it operate on the farmer? If
the farmer pays fifty per cent. more for wages, he
must get fifty per cent. more for his beef. If he
were to get more than this, the buyers of beef would
be losers by the arrangement. If he were to get
lets, he would be a loser himself, and therefore it
would not be his "real interest" to pay the increased
wages. If he were to get precisely fifty per cent.
more, he would neither be a gainer nor a loser, and
consequently the result-would bs exactly the same,
as if he had paid the old wages, and sold his beef
at the old price. Sit much for the farmer.
Secondly, how will it operate on the tailor-, shoe-
maker, hatter and hulcher? The answer is plain.
They must pay fifty per cent. more for beef than
before. This they cannot do unless they can get, in
exchange for their work, fifty per cent. more than
they used to get. To the extent that they canaotdo
this they would be losers, and as no tradecan stand
long under constant losses, some of them would be
driven out of business, and thus give those that re-
mained a chance of raising their prices by diminish-
ing the supply of clothes, shoes, hats, and beef.
Thirdly, how will it operate upon the agricultu-
ral laborers? The answer is equally clear. They
would have to give fifteen dollars for a suit of
clothes that used to cost ten, a dollar and a half fc-
a pair of shoes that used to cost one dollar, three
dollars for a hat that used to cost two, and fifteen
cents for a pound of beef that used to cost ten. Thus
"what they gained in dancing, they would lose in
turning round," and, at the end of the year, would
find themselves precisely in the same position they
were in before.
But, in examining this question, there is another
party whose interests are to be oonsulted in all

questions of this sort, although they are generally
overlooked by the dealers in generalities; that i,
thepulilic How will it operate upon the rest of the
community, that is, upon those who are neither
farmers, agricultural laborers, nor tradesmen who
deal with these latter? How will it operate upon
the inhabitants of cities, upon manufacturers, me-
chanics and operatives of every kind, male and fe-
male? If their wages are not raised at the same
time that the agricultural wages are raised, they
must be impoverished by having to pay dearer for
their beef than they did formerly. If they are raised
equal to the increased expense of living, then they
gain nothing by the process, so that, turn itas you
may, nobody would in the end be gainers. Tne
result would be exactly the same as if every body
in Philadelphia, for the sake of getting an increased
price of fifty per cent. for what they had to sell,
were to agree to use Mississippi bank notes, of
which fifteen dollars would be equivalent to ten
dollars of Philadelphia bank notes, all laborers at
the same time raising their wages in the same no-
minat proportion.
We have no, space for entering more into detail
in relation to this important subject, but what we
have said we trust will be sufficient to satisfy our
reader that the laws of free competition cannot be
departed from with benefit to the community, nor
even, in the long run, with benefit to the parties
who are supposed to be most interested in the de-
LAND SALE -The amount of money received for
public lands in ten day's sale, in Burlington, Iowa
Territory, is said to be $8U,397 38.

We find he following insulting and abn-ive epi-
thets applied t. ihe honest, tartl-woiking Getman
population of Wes-'ern Virginia, by the Edior of
the Richmond Whig, one ti athe leading presses of
the Harrison party. We iru.t that our German
journals will give publicity to it in order that they
may see some of the beauties of Federalism. In
speaking of the result of the recent election in Vir-
ginia, he says:
"The Anglo-Saxon race-tyrant haters them-
selves, the descendants of tyrant haters through
five centuries, have had their voices stifled in this
great struggle for liberty-by-not the descendants
of the Dutch, who whipped Philip of Spain, and
maintained their independence against the com-
bined Catholics of the world-but by the descend-
ants of Suabian Dutch, whose .history was never
written, whose Government has been mediatised
and their landmarks erased from the map of Eu-
rope, and who never understood or could be made
to understand, the first principle of civil liberty.
These have overruled the low lands and the chi-
valrous spirits of the mountains, and given the day
against us. While the reflection which the fact
inspires, is in some respects humiliating, in others
it is cheering-brute force and error cannot long
maintain the unequal combat against intelligence
and truth.
"But even this solid mass of assinioity had avail-
ed nothing, had only the true and legitimate voice
of the people of Virginia been heard. To this,
however, we must submit for the nonce; and we do
so only because the great result-the election of
General Harrison-has not been affected by it.
But if there be power with the people, the repetition
of such usurpation will be prevented in future."
A repeal of the naturalization laws is here plain-
ly hinted at in the last sentence. Naturalized citi-
zens, mark this threat from a leading Harrison

AUCTION.-T. PALMER, intending to close his
Carpet business, will offerflon Wedn. siav. 25h No.
vember, at 10 o'clock, a. m. at h.i Warehouie,
No. 108 Baltimore street, his extensive stock of
Carpeting, consisting of Saxony, Wiion and Brus-
sels, with Rugs to match; also, English, Venitian
Ingrain, and three ply Carpetings. The whole of
which will be sold without reserve.
Baltimore, Nov 20-4t [Intel]
_K PROVED PROPERTY.-By virtue of a
deed of trust from Richard Wright to the subscri-
betr, dated the 28!h day of January, 1839, and re-
corded in Liber W.'B. No. 41, folios 147,148, 149,
150 and 151 of the Land Records of the county of
Washington arid District of Columbia, I will offer
for sale at Public Auction, on Monday, the 30th
day of November inst. at 4 o'clock, p. m. in front
of the premises, all the west half of the Lot of
ground No. 2, in square No. 320 of said city cf
Washington, with the three story brick Dwelling
and other improvements thereon, and the appurte-
nances thereto belonging. The above House is
one of the best three story buildings, fronting south
on F street, between 11th and 12th streets, and now
occupied as a boarding house by Mr. Galabran.
Terms and conditions made known at the time
and place of sale.

hardly a disease which destroys the human body so
much as the epilepsy. No greater desire, there-
fore, can be wished, than to be enabled to get rid of
this disease, for which I hereby offer the remedy.
I am at the same time able to prove that this reme-
dy is applied with the happiest effect, and favored
by the most eminent physicians of Berlin and Ger-
many, as Huseland, Harn, Bartels, etc. under
whose guidance of four years' duration I have
finished my studies.
The patient is to commence with this remedy se-
veral days before the commencement of the full
moon; and then the moon has certainly more influ-
ence upon epilepsy than upon any other disease of
the human body.
Hours of consultation from 12 to 2.
Nov 21-4.4 Office South Capitol street.

500 barrels MESS BEEF
300 do. No. 1, do.
200 do. prime do.
400 do. MESS PORK
100 do. Prime do.
50,000 lbs. SIDES BACON
30,000 do. HAMS
5,000 do. JOLES
10,000 do. SMOKED BEEF
2,000 do. do. TONGUES
200 kegs No. 1. LEAP LARD
20 bis. do. do. do.
Also-BEEF, PORK, and TONGUES in half
barrels, all warranted of superior quality, and for
sale at reduced prices, by
Lexington street, opposite the Market House.
Baltimore, Nov. 13-4t

D. S. GREGORY 8 Co. .Managrs.
For the benefit of the town of Wellsburg.
Class No. 10 for 1840.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, the
5!h of December, 1840.
$2,500-$1,995--.41,50-.30 of $1,000-.50 of
$250-75 of $200, &e.
78 No. Lottery-14 drawn ballots.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Q-uarters $2 50.
Certificate of package of 26 Whole tickets $130
Do do 26 Half do 65
Do do 26 Quarter do 32 50

5 prizes of $10,000.
14 drawn ballots out of 75.
For endowing the Leesburg Academy and for
other purposes.
Class No. 10, for 1840.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, the
12ih of December, 1840.
5 prizes of $10,000, amounting to $50 000.
2 of $5,000-$2,500-$2,120-25 ofl $1,000
25 of $500-25 of $44
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets, $120
Do. do. 25 half do. 60
Do. do. 25 quarter do. 30

3 prizes of $25,000!
Making 75,QO dollars.
Class C, for 1840.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Saturday,
19th of December, 1840.
3 prizes of $25,000 amounting to $i75,000.
50 prizes of $1,000-$300-$250
13 Drawn Nos. out 78.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5-Quarters 2 2 (
Certificates of packagerr.f M6 whole tickets, $140
Do do .,, 1.a'f do 70
Do do -26 quarter do 35 ..

For the benefit of the Monongalia Academy.
CLASS NO. 11, Fon 1840.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday,
Dec. 26th, 1840.
$30,000, $10,000,
6,000 dollars 3,000 dollars
3,140 dollars 2,500 dollars
200 dollars
D3 50 Prizes of 1,000 dollars.
20 of $500-20 of $300, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets $130
Do do 25 half do 65
Do do 25 quarter do 32 50
For Tickets and Shares, or Certificates of Pack-
ages in the above splendid Lotteries, address
Managers, Washington City, D. C.
Drawings sent immediately after they axe over,
to all who order as above.
Nov. 17-3wd&cp

C ORCORAN & RIGGS have for sale-
6 per cent. Washington Corporation stock
5 do do do
Treasury Notes
Bank of Washington stock
Do the Metropolis do
Nov 19-tf -'



IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN I
REN, President of the United States of A
rica, do hereby declare and make known, that [
lic sales will be held at the undermenuioned I
offices in the State of Arkansas, at the per
hereinafier designated, to wit:
At the land office at Johnson Court-house, c
menacing on Monday, the twenty-third day ofI
venber next, for the disposal of the public Ia
within the limits of the undermentioned towns
to wit:
.N'rth of the base line and west of the meridian
Township two, of range twenty-one.
AFownship five, of range twenty-two.
Township two, of range twenty-three.
Townships three and seven, of range twet
Township five, of range twenty-five.
At the land office at Washington, comment
on Monday, the twenty-third day of Noven
next, for the disposal of the public lands within
limits of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
South of the base line, and west of the meridian
Township twelve, of range twenty-eight.
Fractional township fourteen, north of Red ri
of range twenty-nine.
Fractional townships thirteen and fourteen, m
of Red river, of range thirty.
Fractional township fourteen, north of Red ri,
of range thirty-one.
At the land office at Little Rock, comment
on Monday, the twenty-third day of Novern
next, for the disposal of the public lands within
limits of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
South ofthe base line, and west of the meridian,
Township one, of range eight.
Township one, of range nine.
Township fifteen, of range seventeen.
At the land office at Helena, commencing
Monday, the thirtieth day of Nevember next,
the disposal of the public lands within the limit
the undermentioned fractional townships, to wi
South of the base line, and east of the meridian.
Fractional township nine, north of Arkas
river, of range one.
Fractional township four, except the north I
of section two, and sections three, four, five,
nine, and ten, of range three.
South of the base line, and west of the meridian
Fractional township nine, north of Arkansas
south of White river, except sections two, th
and twelve, of range one.
At the land office at Fayetteville, cemmea
on Monday the thirtieth of November next, for
disposal of the public lands within the limit
township sixteen, north of the base line, of ra
eighteen, west of the meridian.
Lands appropriated by law forthe use of scho
military, or other purposes, will be excluded ft
The sales will each be kept open for-two we
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) anc
longer, and no private entries of land, in the to
ships so offered, will be admitted until after the
piration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand at the City of Washi
ton, this seventh day of August, anno Dot.
By thePresident:
Commissioner of the General Land Ofi

Every person claiming the right of pre-emp
to land in any of the townships designated in
proclamation, in virtue of the provisions of
act of 22d June, 1838, as extended and modi
by the act of 1st June, 1840, or of the provisi
of the latter act, granting certain privileges
Another class of settlers, is requested to prove
same to the satisfaction of the Register andI
ceiver of the proper land office, and make paym
therefore as soon as practicable after seeing this
tice, and before the day appointed for the co
mencement of the public sale of the land as ab
designated, otherwise such claims will bef
Commissioner of the General Land Office
Aug 10-law30N
IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN I
REN, President of the United States of Ai
rica, do hereby declare and make known, t
public sales will be held at the undermentiom
Island offices in the State of Michigan, at the peri
hereinafter designated, to wit:
At the land office at lonia, commencing on M
day, the twenty-third day of November next,
the disposal of the public lands within the limits
the undermentioned townships, to wits
.orth of the base line, and west of the meridian
Townships twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and thiu
of range three.
Townships twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and thit
cf range four.
Townships twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and thiu
rangefi e.
Townships wenty-emgi., ,ensty-nine, and thil
4 f range six.
Townships twenty-seven, twenty-eight, twer
nine, and thirty, of range seven.
At the land office at Genesee, commencing
Monday, the twenty-third day of November na
for the disposal of the public lands within the lin
of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
.Morth of the base line, and west of the meridian
Townships twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and thil
of range one.
Townships twenty-eight, twenty-nine, and thil
of range two.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schoc
military, or other purposes, will be excluded fr
The sales will each be kept open for two wee
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and
longer; and no private entries of land, in the tot
ships so offered, will be admitted until after the
piration of the I wo weeks.
Given under my hand, At the City of Washit
ton, this third day of August, anno Domini, 184
By the President:
Commissloner of the General Land Off

Every person claiming the right of pre-emptior
land in any of the townships designated in this p
declamation, in virtue of the provisions of the act
' 23d June, 1838, as extended and modified by
act of 1st June, 1840, or of the provisions of
latter act granting certain privileges to anoti
class of settlers, is requested to prove the same
the satisfaction of the Register and Receiver of
proper land office, and make payment therefore
soqn as practicable after seeing this notice, and bef
the day appointed for the commencement of
public sale of the land as above designated; oth
wise such claims will be forfeited.
Commissioner o the General Land Off0
Aug 4-lawt23N

-IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN .VAN BU-
J.. REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known, that a
public sale will be held at the land office at Ge-
nesse, inthe State of Michigan, commencing on
Monday, the seventh day of December next, for
the disposal of the public lands within the limits
of the undermentioned townships to wit:
.North of the base line, and east of the meridian.
Townships twenty-one, twenty-two, twenty-three,
twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-seven,
and twenty-eight, of range one.
Townships twenty-one, twenty-two, twenty-three,
twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-seven,
and twenty-eight, of range two.
Townships twenty-three, twenty-four, twenty-
five, twenty-six, twenty-seven, and twenty-eight, of
range three.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
sale. 0
The sale will be kept open for two weeks (un-
less the lands are sooner disposed of) and no lon-
ger; and no private entries of land, in the town-
ships so offered, will be admitted until after the ex-
piration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
this twenty-ninth day of August, anno Domini
one thousand eight hundred and forty.
By the President-
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to land in any of the townships designated in this
proclamation, in virtue of the provisions of the act
of 22d June, 1838, as extended and modified by the
act of 1st June 1840, or of the provisions of the lat-
ter act granting certain privileges to another c'ass
of settlers, is requested to prove he same to the sa-
i faction of the Reister and RweiTver of the Lad
A7-' -7-

SOffice, Abd make payment here(er as soow apmo-
BU- ticable after seeing this notice, and befoibre the day ap-
Me pointed for the commencement of the public sale
pub- of the land as above designated, otherwise such
and claims will be forfeited.
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
om- August 29-lawtDec7
ips, lN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
I REN, President of the United States of Ameri-
ca, do hereby declare and make known that
public sales will be held at the undermentioned
land offices, in the State of Arkansas, at the pe-
riods hereinafter designated, to wit:
nty- At the land office at Helena, commencing on
Monday, the fifteenth day of February next, for
the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
sing the undermentioned townships, to wit:
fiber South of the base line and west of the meridian.
the The fractional sections twenty-nine, thirty,
thirty-one, and thirty-two, in township eight, on
S the south side of Arkansas river, of range one.
The fractional sections twenty-five, twenty-six,
yer, thirty-five, and thirty-six, on the south side of Ar-
kansas river, in township eight, of range tw..
north Township eighteen, of range two.
At the lan'l office at Little Rock, commencing
rer, on Monday, the twenty-second of February next,
for the disposal of the public lands within the
ring limits of the undermentioned townships, t!) wit:
iber South of the base line and west of the meridian.
the Township fourteen, of range ,even.
Township two, of range eight.
Township three, of range nine.
North of the base line and west of the meridian.
1 ownship seven, north of old Cherokee boun-
dary, of range fifteen.
on Ai the land office at Batesville, commencing on
for Mon. ay,the first day of March next, for the dis-
s of posal .t the public lands within the limits of the
t: tnder.) entioned townships, to wit:
.MNor l 4 of the base line and west of the meridian.
Isas Tow. hip eleven, of range thirteen.
Town hip eleven, of range fourteen.
half At the and office at Johnson Court-house, corn-
six, menacing cn Monday, the eighth day of March
next, for the disposal of the public lands within the
limits of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
and .Mrth of the base line and west ofthe meridian.
ree, Townships eight and nine, of range eighteen.
Townships eight and ten, of range nineteen.
sing Township eight, of range twenty.
the Townships two and three, of range '.wenty-
s of two.
.nge Townships three and five, of range twenty-three.
Townships two, five and six, of range twenty-
ols, four.
rom Townships six and seven, of range twenty-five.
At the land office at Fayetteville, commencing
eks, on Monday, the fifteenth day of March next, for
I no the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
wn- the undermentioned townships, to wit:
ex- North of the base line and west of the meridian.
Townships seventeen and eighteen, of range
ing- nineteen.
ini, Township eighteen, of range twenty.
At the land office at Washington, commencing
J. on Monday, the twenty-second day of March next,
for the disposal of the public lands within the
limits of township eleven south, of range thirty-
ice. two west.
Lands appropriated by law, for the use of
'S. schools, military, or other purposes, will be exclu-
tion ded from sale.
this The sales will be kept open for two weeks, (un-
the less the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no long-
fled er; and no private entries of lands in the townships
ons so offered, will be admitted until after the expira-
to tion of the two weeks.
the Given under my hand, at the city of Washing-
Re- ton, this fourth day of November, anno Domini
sent 1840.
orm- By the President:
ove JNO. M. MOORE,
for- Acting Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to land in any of the townships designated in this
proclamation, in virtue of the provisions of the act
3U. of 22d June, 1838, as extended and modified by
me- the act of 1st June, 1840, or of the provisions of
hat the latter act granting certain privileges to another
ned class of settlers, is requested to prove the same to
ods the satisfaction of the Register and Receiver of the
land office, and make payment therefore as soon as
-. practicable after seeing this notice, and before the
for day appointed for the commencement of the pub-
s of lic sale of the land as above designated; otherwise
such claims will be forfeited.
rty. .Acting Commissioner of the General Land Office.
S Nov 5-lawtMarch22

IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known, that
a public sale will be held at the land office at
Du Buque, in the Territory of Iowa, commencing
on Monday, the eleventh day of January, one
thousand eight hundred and forty-one, for the dis-
posal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned townships and fractional town-
ships, to wit:
North of the base line and west of the fifth principal
Fractional townships ninety-three, ninety-four
and ninety-five, of range three.
Townships ninety-three, ninety-four and ninety-
five, of range four.
Townships ninety-three and ninety-four, of
range five.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
The sale will be kept open for two weeks, (un-
less the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
longer, and no private entries of land, in the town-
ships so offered, will be admitted until after the ex-
piration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand at the city of Washing-
ton this twenty-third day of September, A. D. 1840.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to land in any of the townships designated in this
proclamation, in virtue of the provisions of the act
of 22d June, 1838, as extended and modified by the
act of 1st June, 1840, or of the provisions of the
latter act, granting certain privileges to another
class of settlers, is requested to prove the same, to
the satisfaction of the Register and Receiver of the
proper land office, and make payment therefor as
soon as practicable after seeing this notice, and before
the day appointed for the commencement of the
public sale of the land as above designated;
otherwise, such claims will be forfeited.
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Sept 24-lawtJll

lic sale of the lands within the limits of frac-
tional township four, south of the base line, of
range three east of the meridian, ordered to be held
at the land office at Helena, in the State of Arkan-
sas, pn Monday, the thirtieth day of November
next, by proclamation issued on the seventh day of
August last, is postponed until further notice.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washing-
ington this twentieth day of October, A. D. 1840.
By the President:
Acting Com'r of the General Land Office.

AND DRIAWERS.-Gentlemen wishing to
supply themselves with under shirts and drawers,
are respectfully informed that we have received a
very large supply, embracing every kind adapted
to the approaching season, such as-
Merino Shirts, fine, single and double breasted
Merino Drawers, extra large and medium size
Heavy Lambswool Shirts
Heavy Lambswool Drawers
Extra heavy Shaker Net Drawers and Shirts
Silk Shirts and Drawers, every kind
Lambswool, Merino, Vigonia Half Hose, and
Gloves of every description.

,/, ALCOM'S TRAVELS in Southeastern Asia,
_id embracing Hindostan, Malaya, Siam, and
China, with Notices of numerous Missionary Sta-
tions, and a full account of the Birman Empire,
with Dissertations, Tables, &c, by Howard Mal-
com. Second edition. Just published and for sale
by W. M. MORRISON, four doors west of
Brown's Hotel. Nov 2

IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known that
public sales will be held at the undermentioned
land offices in the State of Arkansas, a4 the peri-
ods hereinafter designated, to wit:
At the land office atBatesville, commencing on
Monday, the fifth day of October next, for the dis-
posal of public lands within the limits of the un-
dermentioned townships, to wit:
.Morth of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
Fractional township nineteen, on the south side
of White river, of range fifteen.
Township eighteen, of range sixteen.
Township nine, of range seventeen.
At the Land Office at Little Rock, commencing
on Monday, the twelfth day of October next, for
the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
the undermentioned townships, to wit:
South of the base line, and west of the principal meri-
Townships three and four, of range six.
At the Land Office at Johnson Court-House,
commencing on Monday, the nineteenth day of Oc-
tober next, for the disposal of the public lands with-
in the limits of the undermentioned townships, to
.North of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
Township three, of range eighteen.
Fractional township six, on the north side of
Arkansas river, of range twenty.
Township ten, of range twenty-four.
At the Land Office at Fayetteville, commencing
on Monday, the twenty-sixth day of October next,
for the disposal of the public lands within the
limits of the undermentioned townships and frac-
tional townships, to wit:
.North of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
Township fourteen, of range thirty.
Fractional townships eighteen, nineteen, and
twenty, bordering on the Cherokee boundary line,
of range thirty-four.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
The sales will each be kept opera for two weeks,
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
longer; and no private entries of land, in the town-
ships so offered, will be admitted until after the ex-
piration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand at the city of Washington
this twentieth day of June, anno Domini, 1840.
By the President,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to land in any of the townships designated in this
proclamation in virtue of the provisions of the act
of 22d June, 1838, as extended and modified by the
act of 1st June, 1840, or of the provisions of the
latter act granting certain privileges to another
class of settlers, is requested to prove the same to
the satisfaction of the register and receiver of the
proper land office, and make payment therefore,
as soon as practicable after seeing this notice, and be-
fore the day appointed for the commencement of
the public sale of the land as above designated;
otherwise such claims will be forfeited.
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
June 26-lawt260

N OTICE is hereby given that the public sale of
lands ordered to be held at the land office at
Natchitoches, in the State of Louisiana, on Mon-
day, the tenth day of August next, by proclama-
tion issued on the fourth day of April last, is post-
poned until, and will commence on, Monday, the
twenty.third day of November next.
The lands to be then offered, are described as
Township numbered twenty, of range nine.
That part of township seventeen situated north
of Red river, of range thirteen.
Fractional sections three, nine, ten, eleven, four-
teen, fifteen, and twenty-one, section twenty-two,
and fractional sections twenty-three, twenty-six,
thirty-five, and thirty-six, all situated south of Red
river, in township tv enty, of range fourteen.
Given under my hand at the city of Washing-
ton this fourth day of August, anne Domini 1940.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
August 7-lawtN23


16th November, 1840.
ROPOSALS, sealed and endorsed, will be re-
ceived at this office until 3 o'clock, p. m. of
the third of December next, for furnishing and de-
livering at the navy yards at Portsmouth, N. H.
Charlestown, Mass. Brooklyn, N. Y. Philadelphia,
Washington, D. C. Gosport, Va. and the Baltimore
naval station, such quantities of the following arti-
cles as may be ordered or required from the con-
tractors by the respective Commandants of the said
navy yards, or navy agents, during the year 1841,
for the use of the Navy of the United States, viz:
1.C ld rolled Copper
2. Round, flat, and square Iron
3. Superfine Flour
4. Ship Biscuit
5. Whiskey
6. Butter
7. Molasses, Vinegar, Rioe, and White Beans.
It is distinctly understood, however, that persons
who may offer are not to have any claim or privi-
lege to furnish any further quantity of any article
than may be expressly ordered or required, as the
Board will probably advertise for specific quanti-
ties of some of the articles, or prefer supplying the
wants of one station by transfer of surplus quan-
tities at others.
It is also to be understood, that when persons re-
side at other places than those near which they en-
gage to furnish articles, they will be expected to
appoint and duly authorize some person resident at
or very near the place ot delivery, to receive and
act upon the requisitions or orders which may be
And it is further understood, that in case the
person who contracts, or his agent, shall neglect or
fail to comply with the "requisitions or orders he
may receive for articles under his contract in pro-
per time and of proper quality, the officers or
agents of the navy shall be authorized to purchase
the same, and the contractor shall be liable for any
excess of cost over the contract price.
Separate proposals must be made for each Navy
Yard, and for Baltimore; the blank offers furnished
to individuals must have all the blanks filled up,
and must be subscribed as directed in the note on
the face of each form, and they must be unqualified
and unconditional.
Bonds with two approved sureties in one third
the estimated amounts of the respective contracts
will be required, and ten per centum in addition
will be withheld from the amount of each payment
to be made, as collateral security for the due and
faithful performance of the respective contracts,
which will on no account be paid until the con-
tracts are complied with in all respects. After
deducting ten per centum, payment will be made
by the United States within thirty days after the

said articles shall have been inspeced and received,
and bills for the same presented to the Navy Agent,
approved by the Commandants of the respective
navy yards aforesaid, according to the terms of the
The Board reserve to themselves the right to re-
ject all offers from persons who have heretofore
failed to fulfil their contracts.
Blank forms of offers for each denomination of
articles will be furnished by the respective Navy
Agents or Commandants of navy yards, to persons
applying for them, and upon which all offers
should be made, strictly conforming to the directions
which they contain. Samples of the biscuit are
lodged with the Commandants of yards. They are
of the same quality as those for 1840, being made
from superfine flour.
To be published three times a week in the Globe,
National Intelligencer, Army and Navy Chronicle,
Eastern Argus, New Hampshire Patriot, New
Hampshire Gazette, Boston Statesman, Boston
Morning Post, Republican Herald, Hartford Times,
Vermont Gazette, New York Evening Post, Tren-
ton Emporium, American Sentinel, Pennsylvanian,
Pennsylvania Reporter, Baltimore Republican,
Norfolk Herald, Norfolk Beacon, and Old Domi-
nion. Nov. 16

Ing a Personal Narrative of a Life at Sea,
in one volume; being No. 106 of Harpers' Fami:
ly Library, is this day received for sale by

IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known, that pub-
lic sales will be held at the unaermentioned Land
Offices in the State of Ohio, at me periods hereinaf-
ter designated, for the disposal ot a number of the
alternate sections reserved to the United States,
along the route of the Wabasn and Erie canal, and
on both sides of the Manmee river, in that State:
To be sold under the provisions of the act of Con-
gress, approved July 7, 1838, entitled "An act to
authorize the sale of certain public lands of the
United States near the Wabash and Erie canal, in
the State of Ohio," at a price not less than two dol.
lars and fifty cents per acre, not -subject to entry
under any pre-emption law of Congress," to wit:
At the Land Office at Lima, commencing on
the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
the undermentioned sections and parts of sections,
to wit:
.North of the base line, and east of the first principal
The whole of sections Two, oFUn, EIGtOHT, TEN,
TWELVE, FOURTEEN, ani EIGHTEEN; the whole of
section TWENTY, except the south half of the north-
west quarter; the whole of section TWENTY-TWO;
the north half of the northeast quarter, and the
west half of the northwest quarter, of section
TWENTY-FOUR; the north half of section TWENTY-
EIGHT, and the north half of the southwest quarter
of the same section; the whole of section THIRTY;
and the north half of the northwest quarter and
north half of the northeast quarter ot section
THIRTY-TWO; all in township TWO, of range ONE.
The whole of sections TWO and FOUR; the south
half of section six; the whole of sections EIoGHT, TEN,
whole of section TWENTY-TWO north of the river;
the south half of section TWENTY-FOUR south of
the river; the whole' of section TWENTY-SIX; the
northeast quarter north of the river, and the south-
east quarter south of the river, of section TWENTY-
EtIGHT; the south half of section THIRTY-TWO, and
the northeast quarter south of the river of the
same section; the whole of section ntHIRTY north of
the river; and the whole of sections THIRTY-FOUR
and TUIRTY-SIX; all in township THREE, of range
The whole of section THIRTY-SIX, in township
FOUR, of of range ONE.
The north half of section Two, and the north
half of the southeast quarter, and the north half of
the southwest quarter, of the same section; the whole
of sections FOUR, six, and EIGHT; the northwest
quarter of section TEN, and the north half of the
northeast quarter of the same section; and the
whole of section EIOHTEEN : all in township Two,
of range Two.
The whole of section Two north of the river; the
north half and the southwest quarter north of the
river of section FOUR; the whole of section six; the
south half and northwest quarter of section EIGHT,
and the west half of the northeast quarter of the
same section; the north half of section TEN, and the
south half south of the river of the same section;
the south half of section TWELVE, and the north-
east quarter south of the river of the same section;
the whole of section FOURTEEN, the southeast quar-
ter south of the iver, the north half north of the
river, and the west part of the southwest quarter
north of the river, of section EIGHTEEN; and the
whole of sections TWENTY, TWENTY-TWO, TWENTY-
TWO, THIRTY-FOUR, and THIRTY-SIX : all in township
THREE, of range TWO.
The east half of the southeast quarter of section
TWELVE; the south half of section FOURTEEN, the
south half of section TWENTY; and tha whole of
and THIRTY-Six: all in township Foun, of range
The whole of section Fourtnthe south half of section
six south of the river, and the east half of the
northeast quarter of the same section; and the
wholeof sections EIGHT, EIGHTEEN, TWENTY, and
THIRTY: all in township THREE, of range THREE.
The whole of section TWO; the south half and
northeast quarter of section FOUR, and the south
half of the northwest quarter of the same section;
the whole of sections EIGHT, TEN, TWELVE, FOUR-
TEEN, EIOHTEEN, and TWENTY; the northwest
quarter of section TWENTY-TWO; the whola of sec-
tion TWENTY-FOuR north of the river, except the
southeast quarter of the southeast quarter; the
whole of section TWENTY-SIX; the southeast part
of the east half, the southwest quarter south of the
river, and the northwest quarter north of the river,
bf section TWENTY-EzIHT; the whole of section
THIRTY; the whole of section THIRTY-TWO south of
the river; except the north part of the northeast
quarter; and the whole of section THIRTY-.FOOUR:
all in township Foun, of range THREE.
The east half and southwest quarter of section
THIRTY-FOUR, in township FIVE, of range THREE.
The whole of section Two; the northeast part of
the north half, and the northeast part of the south
half, of section FouR; the whole of sections six and
EIGHT; the east half of Section TEN, and the east
half and northwest quarter of the northwest quar-
ter of the same section; the whole of section EIGH-
TEEN; and the north half of section TWENTY, and
the part of the southeast quarter north of the river,of
the same section: all in township FOUR, of range
The southeast quarter of section TWENTY-SIX; and
the whole of section THIRTY-SIX, in township FIVE,
of range FOUR.
The whole of section Two; the west half and
southeast quarter of section FOUR, and the west
half of the northeast quarter of the same section;
the whole of sections EIGHT, TEN, and TWELVE, the
north half of the northeast quarter, and the north
half of the northwest quarter of section FOURTEEN:
all in township THREE, of range FIVE.
The whole of section Two; the east half of sec-
tion FOURn; the whole of section six; the west half
of the northeast quarter, and west half of the
southeast quarter, of section EIGHT; and the whole
sIX: all in township FOUR of range FiVE.
The east half ot the northeast quarter of section
TWENTY-TWO; the whole of section TWENTY six;
the northwest quarter of section TWENTY-EIOHT;
the west half of the northeast quarter, the west half ol
the southwest quarter, and the east half of the
southeast quarter, of the same section; the south
half of section THIRTY; and the whole of sections
township FIVE of range FIVE.
The whole of section six; the northwest quarter
of section EIGHT, and the west half of the north-
east quarter, and west half of the southwest quar.
ter, of the same section; and the northwest quarter
of section EIGHTEEN: all in township THREE of
range six.
The whole of sections TWELVE, TWENTY; and
TWENTY-TWO; the northeast quarter of section
TWENTY-FOUR, and the east half of the southeast
quarter and southwest quarter of the southeast
quarter of the same section; and the whole of sec-
in township FOUR, of range six.
The southeast quarter of section six: and the
whole of sections RIGHTEEN, TWENTY, THIRTY, and
THIRTY-SIX : all in township FIVE, of range six.
The east half of the northwest quarter of section
TWENTY-TWO; the southwest quarter of section
TWENTY-EIGHT; and the whole of section TWENTY-
"six, except the east half of the northeast quarter:
all in township six, of range six.
The whole of section sIx; the west half of section

E GOHT, and the north half of the northeast quarter
of the same section; the whole of section EIOH-
TEEN, except the west half of the southwest quar-
ter; the west half of section TWENTY; and the north
half of section THIRTY: all in township FOUR, Of
range SEVEN.
The wholm, of sections FOURTEEN, TWENTY, and
TWENTY-TWO; the whs-e of section TWENTY-FOUR
except the east half of the northeast quarter; and
the whole of sections TWENTY-SIX, TWENTY-EIGHT,
all in township FIVE, of range SEVEN.
The whole of sections TWENTY, TWENTY-TWO,
TWENTY-FOUR, and TWENTY-EIGHT, in township six
of range SEVEN.
The north half of the northeast quarter, and
north half of northwest quarter of section six, in
township FOUR, of range EIGHT.
The whole of section FOURTEEN; the whole of
section EIGHTEEN, except the southwest quarter of
the southwest quarter, and east half of the north-
east quarter; the whole of section TWENTY; the
east half of section TWENTY-TWO; the whole of sec-
and THIRTY; the whole of section THIRTY-TWO, ex-
cept the south half of the southeastquarter; and the
north half of section THIRTY-FOUR: all in township
FIVE, range EIGHT.
The fraction of section TWELVE, southwest of
the Ottawa reserve; the south half of section TEN;
the south half of section EIGHT, and the south half
of the northwest quarter, and south half of the
northeast quarter of the same section; the whole of
TY-Two; and the whole of section TWENTY-FOUR

west of the Ottawa reserves: ill in township sirX, of
range EIGHT.
At the Land Office at Bucyrns, commencing on
for the disposal of the public lands within the limits
of the undermentioned sections and parts of sec-
tions, to wit:
.North f the base line, and east of the first principal
The northeast quarter,and southwest quarter of
section TWENTY-FOU and the south half of the
northwest quarter, and north half of the southeast
quarter, of the same section; the north half of the
northeast quarter of section TWENTY-SIX; and the
northeast quarter of section THIRTY-TWO: all in
township FivE, of range NINE.
The east half and southwest quarter of section
TWELVE, and the east half and southwest quarter of
section FOURTEEN: all in township SEVEN, of range
The north half of the northwest quarter of sec-
tion Two; the northwest quarter of section TEN; and
the whole of section EIGHTEEN: all in township
FIVE, of range TEN.
The west half of the northwest quarter of section
THIRTY-SIX, in township six, of range TEN.
The south half of section six, in township SEVEN
of range TEN.
The west half of section EIGHTEEN, in township
six, of range ELEVEN.
In the reserve of twelve miles square at the foet of the
The south half of the southwest quarter of section
TWENTY-TWO; the northwest quarter of section TWEN-
TY-EIOHT, and the north half of the northeast quar-
ter of the same section; and the whole of section
THIRTY: all in township FOUn.
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
longer; and no private entries of land in the sec-
tions so offered, will be admitted until after the ex-
piration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand at the City of Washing-
ton, this first day of October, anno Domini 1840.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Oct 5-lawts
N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known that pub-
lic sales will be held at the undermentioned land
offices in the State of Illinois, at the periods here-
inafter designated, to wit:
At the land office at Chicago, commencing on
Monday, the ninth day of November next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of
the undermentioned townships and fractional town-
ships, to wit:
North of the base line and east of the third principal
Townships forty-two, forty-three, and forty-four,
of range ten.
Townships forty-two and forty-three, of range
Fractional townships forty, north of the old In-
dian boundary line, except sections one to six in-
clusive, townships forty-two, and fractional town-
ship forty-three, except the northeast quarter of
section ten, of range twelve.
Fractional townships forty and forty-one, lying
north of the old Indian boundary, and fractional
townships forty-two and forty-three, bordering on
Lake Michigan, of range thirteen.
Fractional township forty-one, north of the old
Indian boundary line, and bordering on Lake Mich-
igan, of range fourteen.
At the land office at Palestine, commencing on
Monday,' the sixteenth day of November next, for
the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
township five, north of the base line, of range four-
teen, west of the second principal meridian.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
longer; and no private entries of land in the town-
ships so offered, will be admitted until after the ex-
piration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand at the City of Washington,
this twenty-third day of July, anno Domin
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to land in any of the townships designated in this
proclamation, in virtue of the provisions of the act
of 22d June, 1838, as extended and modified by
the act of 1st June, 1840, or of the provisions of the
latter act granting certain privileges to another
class of settlers, is requested to prove the same to
the satisfaction of the Register and Receiver of the
proper land office, and make payment therefore as
soon as practicable after seeing this notice, and before
the day appointed for the commencement or the
public sale of the land as above designated; other-
wise such claims will be forfeited.
Commissioner of the General L'nd Office.
NOTICE is hereby given that the public sale of
lands ordered to he held at the land office at
Chicago, in the Stale of Illinois, on Monday, the
ninth day of November next, by proclamation issued
on the twenty-third day of July last, is postponed
until, and will commence on Monday, the eighth
day of February, one thousand eight hundred and
The lands to be then offered, are described as
townships forty-two, forty-three, and forty-four, of
range ten.
Townships forty-two and forty-three, of range
Fractional township forty, north of the old Indian
boundary line, except sections one to six inclusive,
township forty-two, and fractional township forty-
three, except the northeast quarter of section tea, of
range twelve.
Fractional townships forty and forty-one, lying
north of the old Indian boundary, and fractional
townships forty-two and forty-three, bordering on
Lake Michigan, of range thirteen.
Fractional township forty-one, north of the old
Indian boundary line, and bordering on Lake Mi-
chigan, of range fourteen.
All situated north of the base line, and east of
the third principal meridian.
Given under my hand, at t'ie city of Washing-
ton, this sixteenth day of September, A. D.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
A COLLECTION of Political Writings of
William Leggelt, selected and arranged,
wilh a preface, by Theodore Sedgwick, in two
volumes, is for sale by
April 14 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel
L AWS OF ETIO.UETTE, or Short Rules
and Reflections for Conduct in Society: by
a gentleman. 1 pocket volume, price 50 cents.
Also, The Canons of Good Breeding, for gentle-
men: by the author of Laws of Etiquette. 1 small
volume, price 50 cents. Giving hints on personal
appearance and apparel, on manner, on conversa-

ion, behavior on particular occasions, on good
breeding, on morning calls, evening visits, on re-
ceiving company, &c. &c. &c. For sale by
June 2 F. TAYLOR.

STAND.-W. FISCHER has just opened
a newly patented filtering instand, which, in seve-
ral sizes, he has imported direct from the patentees,
Mesirs. James Perry and Co. This novel and
useful invention insures an instantaneous supply ol
clear, filtered ink in the cup of the filter, which can
be returned into the inkstand at any moment, where
it is secured from injury, and not affected by the
atmosphere. The ink, thus protected, never
thickens or moulds, and remains good for any
length of time, in any climate. The process of fil-
tration causes the coloring matter to be held i sus
pension. Hence the trouble and inconven; .ce oc-
casioned by unsuitable ink, generally fo'-i.d in or-
dinary inkstands, are completely obvij,'ed by the
use o'f the filter inkstand. One of mo'-erate size
will contain sufficient ink for six or tv ive months'
Testimonials from all the principal papers and
periodicals published in England, may be seen at
Stationer's Hall. Aug 26-3taw4w
- comprised in a series of original disserta-
tio, arranged and edited by Alexander Tweedieu
MI. D., F. R. S. Fevers and Diseases of the Skin,
is this day published and for sale by

continues to undertake the agency of claims
before Congress, and other branches of the Go.
vernment, including commissioners under treaties,
and the various public offices. He will attend to
pre-emption and other land claims, the procuring
of patents for public lands, and the confirmation
by Congress of grants and claims to lands; claims
for horses and other property lost in, or taken for,
the service of the United States; property destroyed
by the Indians, or while in the possession of the
United States; invalid, revolutionary, navy, wi-
dows' and half-pay pensions; claims for Revolu-
tionary services, whether for commutation, half-
pay, or bounty lands-as well those against the
State of Virginia as the United States; all claims
growing out of contracts with the Government, or
damages sustained in consequence of the action or
conduct of the Government; and indeed any busi-
ness before Congress or the public offices, which
may require the aid of an agent or attorney. His'
charges will be moderate, and depending upon the
amount of the claim and the extent of the service.
He is also Agent for the American Life Insu-
rance and Trust Company, which has a capital of
weo millions of dollars paid in; and for the Balti-
more Fire Insurance Company.
Mr. F. A. Dickins is known to most of those
who have been in Congress within the last few
years, or who have occupied any public station at
His* office is on Pennsylvania avenue, second
door from 15th street.
All letters must be post paid. July 18-dly
This extraordinary medicine s a Purgative
Medicine so justly balanced, and withal so natural
to the human constitution, that they cannot possibly
injure even the most delicate; at the same time,if used
in such a manner as to produce free evacuations by
the bowels, it is absolutely impossible for pain (r
distress, of any kind, to continue long in the body.
The reason is plain: they cleanse the system of
those humors which are opposed to health, and
therefore invalids may use them with a certainty of
always obtaining relief, and persevere in the use of
them, with an equal certainty of being cured.
In all disordered motions of the blood, called In
termittent, Remittent, Nervous, Inflammatory, and
The Indian Vegetable Pills will be found a certain
remedy; because they cleanse the Stomach and
Bowels of all bilious matter, and purify the blood;
consequently, as they remove the cause of every
kind of disease, they are absolutely certain to cure
every kind of Fever.
So also when morbid humors are deposited upon
the membrane and muscle, causing those pains, in-
flammations, and swellings, coiled
The Indian Vegetable Pills may be relied on as
always certain to giva relief, and if persevered with
will most assuredly, and without fail, make a per-
fect cure of the above painful maladies. From
three to six of said Indian Vegetable Bills, taken
every night on going to bed, will, in a short time,
completely rid the body of all morbid and corrupt
humors: and rheumatism, gout, and pain of every
description, will disappear as if by magic.
For the same reason, when, from sudden changes
of atmosphere, or any other cause, the perspiration
is checked, and those humors which should pass
off by the skin, are thrown inwardly, causing head-
ache, nausea and sickness, pains in the bones, wa-
tery and inflamed eyes, Tore throat, hoarseness,
coughs, consumption, rheumatic pains in various
parts of the body, and many other symptoms of
The Indian Vegetable Pills will invariably give im-
mediate relief. Three or four pills, taken at night
on going to bed, and repeated a few times, will re-
move all the above unpleasant symptoms and re-
store the body to even sounder health than it was
before. The same may be said of DIFFICULTY OF
BREATHING, or ASTHMA. The Indian Vegetable
Pills will loosen and carry off, by the stomach and
bowels, those tough phlegmy humors which stop up
the air cells of the lungs, and arc the cause of the
above dreadful complaint.
It should also be remembered the Indian Vege-
table Pills are certain to remove pain in the side,
oppression, nauseau and sickness, loss of appetite,
costiveness, a yellow tinge of the skin and eyes,
and every other symptom of
Because they purge from the body those corrupt
and stagnant humors which, when deposited upon
the Liver, are the cause of thI above dangerous
complaint. They are also a certain preventive of
Because they carry off those humors which, ob-
structing the circulation, are the cause of a rush
or determination of blood to the head-giddiness,
ep,. ,.." on turning suddenly round-blindness-
drowsiiebs-ioss of memory-inflammation of the
brain-insanity, and every other disorder of the
Those who labor within doors should remember
that they frequently breath an atmosphere which
is wholly unfit for the proper expansion of the
lungs, and at the same time, owing to want of ex-
ercise, the bowels are not sufficiently evacuated-
the blood becomes impure, and headache, indiges-
ion, palpitation of the heart, and many other dis-
agreeable symptoms, are sure to follow.
Being a cleanser of tIe Stomach and Bowels, and
a DIRECT PURPIFER of the Blood, are certain not
only to remove pain or distress of every kind from
the body, but, if used occasionally, so as to keep
the body free from those humors which are the
will most assuredly promote such a just and equal
circulation of the Blood, that those who lead a se-
dentfary life will be enabled to enjoy
And the fluids of the body will be restored to such
a state of purity, that DISEASE OF ANY KIND
Win. G. Cook, North Gay street, Baltimore.
Race street, PHILADELPHIA. Feb 7-ly

f Sppl indid Carriages.
'~M.5J1jPUFA.CTOR. JYVos. 388 anrd
MHS13-B--290, Race st.-L. KNOWLES,
for A. KNOWLES, begs leave very respectfully
to return his grateful than ks to the citizens of Phila-
,lelphia, and to his friends throughout the Union,
for the large and increasing patronage he has re-
ceived since he commenced business, and informs
them that he has now on hand, and is constantly
finishing, CARRIAGES of every pattern and de-
scription, which he will warrant both as to the du-
rability of the workmanship and elegance of finish.
In consequence of various circumstances, such
as the entire saving of the cost of transportation
and the expense of the damage incident thereto,
the saving of large commissions to agents, and the
reduction in the price of labor, he will sell car-
riages and other vehicles, manufactured in a first
rate and superior style, at thirty-five per aent. un-
der the prices of last year.
All orders thankfully received and promptly
In consequence of his constant personal atten-
tion to the business in Philadelphia, he is able to
Svarrant that all carriages shall be in a superior
style of finish and workmanship to any heretofore
etanuiactured at Amherst, Massachusetts.

Carriages boxed up and sent to order to anry part
3f the Union, at the shortest notice.
N. B. York wagons of every pattern, finishedin
the most superior manner, on hand, and will be
sold far below the prices of any which have been
heretofore offered for sale in this city.
L. K. having made arrangements with the
Trenton manufactory of Carriage Pows and best
Felloes, he will keep constantly on 'and a general
assortment of all sizes and patterns of those arti-
cles, made of the very best materials, which he will
dispose of at reduced prices.

S ACHE!!!-WM. BROWN, Chemist, 481
Washington street, Boston, Mass. has invented an
article that will remove this tormenting pain-re-
move all soreness of teeth, and fit them to be filled;
and will remove all unpleasant smell of the breath
when occasioned by defective teeth. It is consi-
dered by the inhabitants of Boston a gleat and
valuable discovery; thousands have already availed
themselves of this never failing remedy. For the
genuine article, call for "Win. Brown's Extract of
Qall and Kreosote," and observe my signature
For sale at TODD'S Drug Store.
received from the celebrated manufacturers,
Jesiup and Brother, 100 reams blue wove hand
made Letter Paper, ruled on three sides-a most
excellent article, for sale at Stationer's Hall, where
the very best writing paper, either of English or
American manufacture, are constantly kept for sale.

N OVEL INKSTAND.-"eAn Englishmal
named Perry has invented an inkstand
which prevents the ink becoming mouldy or eva-
porating. He has applied the principle of the air-
pump in such a way that by turning a screw the
cup of the inkstand is instantly supplied with pure
filtered ink from a reservoir below, into which re-
servoir the ink in the cup descends again, when a
reverse turn is given to the screw. On its journey
upward, it passes through a small sieve of fine silver
wire, by which all impurities are excluded. The
contrivance is ingenious, and works admirably;
giving to the filter inkstands a manifest superiority
over any other kind in existence."-Ballimore
The above novel inksta-d of various sizes have
been imported direct from the patentees, Messrs
James Perry and Co. by Mr. WM. FISCHEP
proprietor of Stationers' Hall in this city, from
whom they can be had at wholesale or retail, on
the most reasonable terms. Sept. 29.
SIAN APERIENT, for dyspepsia 'or indi-
gestion, nervous debility, giddines, headache, aci-
dity of the stomach, habitual cost veness, cutane-
ous diseases, gout, gravel, &c. and much valued as
a gentle cooling pu,,. e.
This desirable preparation has received the pa-
tronage of many eminent members of the profes-
sion, and from a discerning public many respecta-
ble and unsolicited testimonials of its efficacy as a
medicine have been elicited. With all the pleasing
qualities of a glass of soda water, it possesses the
active medicinal properties of the most approved
salinous purgatives; is pleasant to the palate, and
grateful to the stomach.
SWe are not in the habit of making out certifi-
cates of commendation for unlicensed quackeries,
but we do know of a nostrum, approved, too, by
the Faculty, that cannot be recommended too high-
ly to the attention of every family during the pre-
sent warm weather. It is denominated "Butler's
Effervescent Magnesian Aperient," and its medi-
cinal properties are admirably adapted to the alle-
viation and removal of the numerous bodily com-
plaints incidental to the summer season. We
doubt whither the whole Pharmacopie offers a
more innocent and effective remedy, or a more
pleasant and palatable preventative. Having
seenits virtues tested in cases of severe headache
and threatened Choleia Morbus, we can conscien-
tiously testify concerning its utility.-Ed. .Mew York
Evening Journal.
For sale at Todd's Drug Store
July 31

B people are very apt to consider a cold but a
trifling matter, and to think that "it will go away
of itself in a day or two," and they give themselves
no trouble about it. But to such we would say, "be
careful of your colds"-do not tamper with your
constitutions. If you desire to live to "a good old
age," be careful to take such remedies as will
effect an easy and a speedy cure. DR.
more colds than any other medicine offered for
sale in this country. The certificates of cures
effected by this invaluable medicine, which the
proprietor is daily receiving, are of the most grati-
fying character, and tend to show its sanative pro-
perties, and the high rankit holds in public estima-
tion.-.Medical Definer.
For sale at the book store of R. FARNHAM,
between 9th and 10th streets, sole agent for the city
of Washington.

1.1 STOVE-Fer producing an equal distribu
s..ri heat in Rooms, Halls,Academies, Churches,
Steamboats, Railroad Cars, &c. Also, for warm-
ing several apartments by one stove.-Combining
allthe advantages of the Stove and Furnace.
A lot of the above invaluable Stoves has been
received, and for sale at Francis Naylor's Tin
and Sheet Iron Factory, Pennsylvania avenue,
south side, near Third street, west. Comfort,
economy, and neatness, combined; all who have
an eye to those three essentials, would do well to
call and examine before purchasing other Stoves.
1. Durability.-The case can never burn out.
The interior Stove is rendered stronger and more
durable by the patent flance conductors.
2. Comfort.-It (lii.tribut,-3 a mild, summer-like
temperature equally in every part, so that it is not
uncomfortable near the Stove, from the heat, nor
uncomfortable at a distance, from the cold.
3. Economy.-A considerable amount of fuel s
saved by securing the radiated heat usually lost.
4. Security.-No injury is done to furniture or
goods by radiation.
5. Convenience.-Several apartments may be
heated agreeably by one Stove. Though intended
for the Parlor and Hall, it may, if preferred, be
used to heat them from below, in the manner of a
6. Cleanness.-No dust from the coal is thrown
out, nor does the exterior of the Stove lose its color
rom heat.
7. Ease of management.-The management is
simple and similar to that of a common Stove.
8. Ventilatlon.-I has an arrangement for ad-
mitting the air to be heated, in any tay desired.
From J. B. Burleigh, esq. No. 29, Fayette street,
"Mr. Miller put up his Patent Air-heating Stove
in my office about two months ago. It keeps up a
lively circulation of heated air, and has decided
advantages over any that I have ever seen in use
in regard to health, comfort, and economy.-March
From Rev. E. Hutchinson, Principal of j.cademy,
Fayette street, Baltimore.
"I have used Mr. Miller's newly invented Air
heating Stove for several months, and am con-
vinced that it is much superior to every other Stove
that I have seen. It is so constructed that it may
be made to heat several rooms with very little extra
expense. I cordially recommend it to the public."'
From Mr. D. Barnum, Proprietor of the City Hotel,
"I put up two of Mr. Miller's Air-heating
Stoves in my City Hotel, and have found them
admirably adapted both to large and small rooms,
in preserving an equallity of temperature,, and in my
opinion more conducive to health and comfort than
the ordinary Stoves. I think them also much more
economical in respect to saving of fuel."
From Messrs. .MLauglin and Stannard.
"We have used Mr. Miller's Air-heating Stoves,
and our opinion coincides with that expressed
abo e by Mr. Barnum.--Baltimore, Feb. 1839.
Extracts from Public .Notices.
"The invention of Mr. James Miller of this
city strikes us as being unsurpassed by any of the
modern apparatus for warming apartments. It
diffuses a mild and uniform heat throughout the room,
and is so constructed that two apartment may be
heated with it at about the same expense of fuel as
is required in ordinary Stoves for one."
Baltimore Transcript and Corn. Gazette
We attended the examination of an Air.heat-
ing Stove placed in the Reading room of Mr. Bar-
num's City Hotel. It has a decided superiority
over every other Stove which we have seen.
[February, 1839.-Balt. Republican.
From Rev. ./. C. Thomas, Philadelphia.
"I have had opportunities of witnessing the ope-
ration of Mr. Miller's Air-Heating Stove, and have
no hesitation in recommending it for several desira-
ble qualities: 1st, The inconvenience and discom-

fort of radiation is nearly avoided, thus a.iJapting
the stove to school rooms and meetings for public
worship, and 2d, the fuel consumed is considerably
less than was required to produce an equal degree
of heat, by the Stove removed to make room for
Mr. Miller's improvement.-March, 1839.
Extract from a letter, of Rev. S. W. Fuller, Phila.
"DEAR SIR: The model of Air-Heating Stove,
submitted to my examination last winter, led me
to believe that in several essential provisions it
was decidedly superior to any Stove I had ever
seen, and I am happy to add, that my belief in its
superior properties was soon after fully confirmed
by seeing one of the Stoves in operation. Your ef-
forts and success in providing a Stove so well cal-
culated to promote the comfort ot your fellow-eiti-
zeus, deserve, and I doubt not will receive the pa-
tronage of a discerning publi."---May, 1839.
From the Proprietors of the Globe.
We are now using Miller's Stoves in our office,
and consider them superior to any we have ever
For sale at F. NAYLOR'S,
Nov 8-ly Pennsylvania avenue.

Its operation is often immediate. The Li.
niment has frequently cured rheumatic affections,
of years standing, in four-and-twenty hours, and is
recommended with confidence as one of the best ap-
plications known for chilblains, stiffness of the
joints, numbness, sprains, and bruises. Pice, 50
cents per bottle. For sale at
April 10-3m TODD'8 Drug Store,