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F.P. Blair ( City of Washington D.C )
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Dily patl er, b] th', year 8110 0
ior Iee ,han year, *t per month
ami-week y peper bv it.- year 6 ,)
or leas than a )ear, t cor lt.r moainh.
Co flioTe oiiL hi. be du tiog ithe se & ir, riG Ciri-t I t
Appendli to diii. I Ii
iihbaripiior. W Luhe L)aly C-r les Lhan two, or to the Sael,
weekly for lessihar fnur iontba., ill noL be rfcive.J.
iabpcrnbera may d,'aon.,nue their pap-re aL any Lime by pay-
ing lor the Limi ihey have received tieim, ..ul notr wi.tdt
niole who shburtbe fir a yea.. aid .In oi, W th6 Lime 01
.uDneibina urder a dji-riLirnuflurC dl i h,' end I itn, wits ue
luidared snbcarnbera untLI Luey order the paper o1,0bBei'p.ed,
and pay afrrfaages
mPo0 FOR AVavtaU9e
Twelve liom or lea, three ianarloni , 11 00
Every additional irair ion, 0 25
Longr advenraement charged in proportion.
A ilIberal diaerri male to Lhnii who nadi ertia by the year.
Aa payment t0o be nhade ti Oar ance. Tiose who hefe not
a o0-rponunity -.I rtayire otherwise, mariy remit y [Prail, a' our
rik,. poilafe pad The P.itLmatei'- .-.rLfiuaLe S.i auch re
iiLLanca hall a C fforileiil rece.I-t th reriur. The n ,tee Oi'an)
apeiea-paymne bihk will bte received.
.Vo allenei-o wtll oe iVeln I oany order, unless the niony,
r a Pormailer' eri atei thal it ho ,Oeen re7nlrid, ad-
companies i.
"- Letters to the Preprilver, charged wiA paatag, will
not 6e taken cur of the Post Ofce.

March 10, 1840.
OTIC9 is hereby given, that sealed proposals
j. for the job printing, stationery, and bind ng
or this Depattmient and for the Pa'ent Office, for
one }ear from the 1st of April next, will be re-
ceiwvd from residentO of Washington, District of
Columbia, until the 28th instant. Offers will be
required to be made separately for the printing, the
.,iatliooery, arid the binding tf each branch, as num-
bered below.
Payments will be made upon t'ie delivery by the
contractor, and approval of the Depariment, of the
articles contracted for, reserving in all cases ten
per cent. as security for the faithful performance of
the contract, and on the satisfactory completion
thereof, the amount so retained will be paid. If
not satisfactory, the Department will be at liberty
to discontinue the contract at any time, and the ten
per cent. retained will be forfeited. The head or
the Depariment is to decide, in all cawes, whether
the terms of the contract have been complied with,
and to be at liberty to reject any article which in
his estimation may be inferior to the quality con-
tracled for.
In case of a refusal to furnish any articles of
stationery, when ordered, the Department will
cause the same to be procured, and the differ-
ence in price between that paid therefore, and that
agreed on by contract, will be charged to the
A refusal or neglect to execute any printing, or
binding, in due time after it has been ordered,
disregarding the instructions as to the man-
ner of its execution, a slovenly execution
of the work, or any attempt to evade the
true meaning of the contract, will be a forfeit-
* .thereof, and of the ten per cent. retained; and
the Department will get the work done else-
where, and the difference in cost, if any, will be
charged to the contractor.
Each proposal must be accompanied with am-
ple testimonials of the ability of the bidder to ful-
fil the tontraci, and mast specify the price of every
item eda thimed in the advertisement, of the branch
for which the proposal is made, otherwise it will
not be considered.
The proposals to be addressed to "The Depart-
ment of State and to be endorsed "Proposals for
Printing," lStationery," or "Binding," (as the case
may be,) "for the Department of State," or "For
the Census," or "for the Patent Office."j
Printing fir the Deparltment.
Blanks on folio post paper, per ream.
Do do do per quire.
Do on foolscap paper, per ream.
Do do do per quire.
Do on quarto post paper, per ream.
Do do do per quire.
Circulars and Treaties on foolscap paper:
I1 page, per ream.
I do per quire.
2 pages, per ream.
2 do quire.
3 do ream.
3 do quire.
4 do ream.
4 do quire.
Circulars on 4to post:
1 page, per ream.
1 do quire.
9 pages, per ream.
2 do quite.
3 do ream.
3 do quire.
Book or other similar printing on printing paper.
Composition, per 1000 ems
Royal, presswork and paper per token
Medium, do do do
The paper to be of the best quality, hand made,
and of linen material.
Cqpprplete Printing. Plates furnished by the
Blanks on folio post, bank note paper.
1 page per ream
I do quire
2 pages per ream
2 do, quire
Blanks, &c. on parchment, Terry's prepared, of
best quality, of the following sizes:
19 by 161 inches per piece
18 by 13i do do
17 by 16 do do
171 by 14 do do
171 by 1Ii do do
16 by 11i do, do
161 by 131 do do
151 by 131 do do
The parchment to be furnished by the printer.
Binding for the Departnset.
Record books, medium size, with index, in full
Russia, ruled and faint lined, with spring backs.
Same of and over four quires, per quire.
Same of two and under four do do
Same under two quires do do
Same, in calf, with extra bands and spring back.
Same of and over four quires, per quire.
Same of two and under four quires do
Same under two quires do do
Record books, demv size, in fall Russia, ruled
and faint lined, with spring backs and index.
Same cf" and over four quires, per quire
Same of two aad under four quires do
Same under two quires do
Same, in full calf, with extra bands, spring
backs and index.
Same of and over four quires, per quire
Same of two and under four quires do
Same under two quires do
Record biok, of foolscap Size, in full calf, ruled
and laint lined, with spring backs and index.
Of and over four quires, per quire.
Of 2, and under 4 do do
Under 2 quires do
Same half bound, with index
Over 2 quires, per quire
Nfit exceeding 2 quires, per quire
The paper for the above to be of the best quality,
mouth surface, band made, and of linen.
Binding in full calf printed books of folio, quarto,

octavo, and duodecimo sizes, spring backs.
Folio, per volume
Quarto, per volume
Octavo, per volume
Duodecimo, per volume
Hafir binding folios;, per volume
Qua to, per volume
Duodecimo, per volume
Binding, in full calf, manuscript papers, spring
backs, per volume.
Same, half bound, spring backs, per volume.
Half binding newspapers, daily, per volume, in
half yearly volumes.
Same, tri and semi-weekly, in volumes of one
year, per volume.
All to be lettered and numbered.
Papers of the best quality, hand made, and of
linen, viz:
Folio post, satin finish, laid, to we;gh not less
than 181 lbs. per ream, trimmed.
Sau e, plain finis'i, faint lined.
Fool.c .p, saint finish, laid, to weigh not less
than 16 Ibs. per ream, trimmed, 131 by 16 inches.
Same, faint line to pattern.
lame, faint lined, wAlth s'ops.
CQLuarto post, laid, satin finish, to weigh not less
than 9 Ibs. per ream, trimmed.
Same, wove, same weight.
Fatin lining quarto po.l, on two sides, additional
Do do three sides, do
The picm to be stated o ithe above papers,
both wViA ud bim.




Best drawing paper, 27 by 40 inches, per sheet
Do do 31 by 52 do do
Do tracing paper, 18 by 24 do do
Do do 26 by 38 do do
Super royal envelope paper, hand made, of linen,
smooth surface, yellow, per ream
Do do white do
Do do buff do
Medium do white do
Double cap envelope parer, of like quality and
surface, white
Blotting paper, royal
Quills, per 1,000, stating the weight
No. 80.
Metallic pens, per dozen cards
Black lead pencils, per dozen
Red do do
Ivory letter folders do
Tape, red, the various numbers, per number and
Pounce boxes, per dozen
Sand boxes do
Inkstands, glass, cut
Fountain, with moveable top, per dozen
Do without moveable top, do
Wafer stands do
Erasers, Rogers and Sons do
Penknives, do 4 bladed do
Do do 2 bladed do
Ink, black in quarts, per dozen
Do red dp do
DoStephens's blue do do
Do do changeable do do
SWafers, per pound
Black sand, per bushel
Pounce, per pound
Taste, green, blue, and pink, per dozen
Wafers for office seal, per 1000
Do seal U. S. do
Sealing wax, best extra superfine scarlet, per
Sealing wax, superfine scarlet, per pound
India rubber, prepared do
Terry's best prepared parchment, largest size,
per dozen skins
Twine, gill net, per pound
Do seine do
Do coarse packing, per pound
Paper shears, Rogers and Sons' per dozen
Scissors do do
These articles are all to be of the very best qua-
lity which can be had from the best manufacturers,
and the Department is to have its choice of the va-
rieties in market.
Prltsingfor the Patent office, on paper of best quality.
1000 circulars, composition per 1000 ems.
Paper and press work per token.
1000 laws, composition per 1000 ems.
Paper and press work per token.
Circulars, or blanks, per ream (1 page)
Do. do per quire (1 page)
Blank Bocks-binding for th Patent office.
Record books
Received letters
All to be lettered and numbered.
Stationery for the Patent Office.
Quarto post paper, ruled to pattern, per ream
Foolscap do do do
Quills per 1,000
Taste, per dozen
Tape, do
Steel pens, per dozen cards
Inkstands, per dozen
India rubber, per lb.
Wax, per pound
Wafer, do
Lead pencils, per dozen
Envelope paper, per ream
Sand boxes.per dozen
Folders, do
Penknives, do
Erasers, do
Paper shears, do
Copperpte prtnKig frr the Pat, fi .....
500 impressions on parchment from copperplates
furnished by the Patent Office.
Printing, Binding, and Slationery, for the Sixth
Pr nting Circulars, on foolscap paper
1 page per ream
1 do quire
2 pages ream
2 do quire
3 do ream
3 do quire
4 do ream
4 do quire
Printing blanks, on foolscap paper
1 page per ream
1 do quire
2 do ream
2 do quire
Blank schedules, on folio post paper ruled and
faint lined, with printed captions, per ream.
Printing oa royal printing paper
Composition per 1000 ems
Pres, work and paper per token
Half binding: blanks and manuscript papers
foolscap size, spring backs, and
lettered, per volume
Do shedu!es of folia post, not folded,
spring backs, and lettered, per
Stationery, viz:
Paper, foolscap, best linen, hand made, satin
finish, faint lined, to weigh not less
than 16 lbs. per ream
Do envelope, superroyal, of like quality,
plain finish, buff
Do do medium size, same quality, white
Blotting paper, royal
Metallic pens, per doz. cards
Black lead pencils do
Red do do
Penkniv< s, Rogers and Sons' best four bladed,
per dozen
Erasers, do per dozen
Ivory folders, do
Stephens' blue ink, in quarts, do
Cut glass inkstands, fountain, with moveable top
In case any printing, binding, or stationery, that
is not herein specified, be ordered, it is to be done
at a price to be fixed by the Department, propor-
tionately equal to that of the kind which is most
like it.
The Department reserves the privilege of pre-
scribing in what letter its printing shall be executed.
Bonds, with sufficient sureties, for the faithful
performance of the contract, will be required in ali
cases. A neglect for three days to give them when
notified, will be considered as a refusal to take the
contracts, which will then be offered to the next
best bidder. March 11-dtd

7'HE subsriber, Superintendent of Chim-
h.ney Sweeps, First Ward, respectfully
requests that notice may be left at his residence,
should he have failed to call upon all persons re-
quirine their chimneys to be swept.
He requests, also, that in all cases, the cost of
sweeping may be paid immediately after the work
is done, as it is troub'esome to prepare, present,
and ihen not be able, perhaps, to collect these
small sums, not above fitly cents in most cases,
and as his time is constantly occupied in doing the
work, he cannot be expected to7 furnish silver
change for every five dollar no'e that may be

offered in payment of a trifling bill of fifty cents,
especially as silver commands a premium.
Corner of H and 18ih streets north, First Ward.
March 17-3td
N subscriber respectfully informs his friends,
and the public generally, that he has commenced
laying in his spring supply of Wood, and that he
re'rds selling at the following prices: Pine $4 25;
oak #5 25; hickory $6, (delivered.) Hiehest prices
given for oak, pine, and hickory. Wood Yard near
14th st. bridge, Tiber. Residence, 1Oth street, be,
tween D and B. street.
N. B.-2 Rooms, 2d story, corner 13th strdat
and Pennsylvania Ave e, Equire i as above.,
M4 S6-3awtf

d ["l ACRES OF LAND in
X J5 X ^Ly Mason and Jackson coun-
ties, in the State of Virginia, lying near the junc.
lion of Great Kanawha and Ohio rivers, selected
by good judges in the years 1795 and 1796. The
title will be guarantied. The proprietor has cer-
tificates of gentlemen well known, who own lands
and reside near his lands, showing that a large por-
tion of these lands are worth from two to five dol-
lars per acre. He proposes to make a joint s ock
concern of the above mentioned 65;000 acres, eiti-
mated at one dollar per acre, to be divided into
sixty-five shares, of one thousand acres per share;
each share may be subdivided into sections ot
two hundred and fifty acres. Several per-
sons may unite in one share. One-tenth
part, or one hundred dollars on each share, to [e
paid on becoming a shareholder, the residue to be
pa.d on becoming a purchaser, in equal instal-
ments, in one, tAo, three, and fonr years, without
interest, until said instalments shall have become
payable. The certificate of the proprietor of the
receipt of the first payment, or one hundred dollars
on each share, shall be evidence of the title of the
holder, or holders, to a share in Ihe concern. When
fifty shares shall be taken, and the sum required
paid in, the holders of certificates may choose
every three months, from their own number, trwo
persons, who, with the proprietor, shall be an ex-
ecutive committee to have the lands surveyed
and prepared for sa!e, reerving all exposures of
coal and iron ore for the use and benefit of the
shareholders. When the lands are so prepared
for sale, the said executive committee shall give
public notice in the newspaper publishedatCharles-
ton, Kanawha county, Virginia, in one published
in the city of Washington, and one in the city of
New York, of the lime and place of sale, and to
manage the whole business to its final terminaion.
The amount realized over and above one dollar per
acre on the lands sold, together with all sums re-
ceived for the reservations of coal and iron ore,
before mentioned, after deducting the expenses of
preparing the lands for market, shall be divided
among the shareholders according to their respec-
tive original interests; and shareholders who do
not become purchases, shall be refund-d the
amount originally paid, with legal interest thereon.
The titles and certificates referred to will be shown
at Fuller's Hotel, Washington city.
March 16-4t*

Wanted by
March 17-3t Comrner Penn. av. anJ 13th street

PUBLIC SALE.-By virtue of an order from
Montgomery County Court, the subscribers,
Commissioners appointed by said Court, will sell
at public sale on SATURDAY, the 4ih day of
April next, at 12 o'clock, M. at the late resi-
dence of Zepaniah Offutt, 'deceased, the whole of
the Real Estate of said deceased, lying in Mont-
gomery county, about four miles from Rockville,
on the road leading to the Great Falls in Potomac,
and thirteen miles from Georgetown, containing
261 acres of land, more or less. The improve-
ments are a comfortable Dwelling house, and some
other necessary buildings, a quantity of fiuit trees,
a good suply of wood, and a quantity of locust.-
The soil is believed to be well adapted to clover
and plaster, and is located in a healthy neighbor-
hood. The above Estate will be sold entire or di-
vided, to suit purchasers. Terms of sale: one hun-
dred dollars to be paid on the day of sale, or on the
final ratification thereof to the commissioners, and
the balance in three equal payments of six, twelve,
and eighteen months, with interest from the day of
sale, the purchaser or purchasers giving his, her, or
their bonds, under seal, with security, to be approv-
ed by the Commissioners, to the State of Maryland,
for the amount of the balance of the purchase mo-
ney, and on the payment thereof the Commission-
ers will, according to law, convey to the purchaser
or purchasers, his, her, or their heirs or assigns, the
property and estate, to him, her, or them sold, at the
exienu.c of the puwthazer or purehaterf.
March 14--eedi4Ap
.I TOGA SPRINGS.-The subscriber in-
tends to lea,,e the above establishment for a term
of years. It embraces an entire block of ground,
with every accommodation of out buildings and
gardens, situated in one of the pleasantest locations
n the village. The well known Flat Rock Spring
is in the immediate vicnity, and its position is cen-
tral between the other celebrated mineral fountains.
The establishment will accommodate 350 persons,
as has been demonstrated by the overflowing pa-
tronage of the past season. The house is also
well supplied with furniture, which will be sold to
the tenant at a bargain. The rent will be mode-
rate, affording to a person wishing to engage in the
business the most certain competency. As it is
presumed persons will examine the premises be-
fore leasing the same, a further description is unne-
cessary. The nelt profits of the large hotels for
many years past have not been less than from 5 to
$20,000 for the season.
Application may be made to ALEX. L. Mc-
DONALD, 83 Liberty street, (3d story,) New
York, or at the premises. March 14-2w
scriber intending to relinquish his occupation,
offers for sale his share of the Office of the "Cin-
cinnati Advertiser and Western Journal." The
subscription is large, and daily increasing, and the
advertising and job patronage is good. The ad-
vantages this establishment offers, is not equalled
by any in the West, if in the Union. For terms
apply to GEO. FISHER.
CINCINNATI, March 11, 1840-1m
7 0 COAL, now landing at Blagden's Wharf,
from the schooner Mai tin Van Buren. This coal
is of the best quality, and will be sold low on ap-
plication at the wharf aforesaid, or of the under-
signed, at the Lumber and Coal Office oppo ite the
west end of the Centre Market House.
March ll--eod3t"* J. FUGITT.
A CARD.-Two handsomely furnished parlors
and chambers may be secured by early ap-
plication on B street, South Capitol Hill, next door
west of the late residence of Judge Thruston.
The near approach of spring and summer makes
the location pleasant and desirable. Boarding will
be furnished. Feb 20-tf
amount of post notes of the City Trust and
Banking Company, New York, of the denomina-
tion of $50 and $100, bearing interest, at five per
cent; also, a large amount of Certificates of De-
positei, payable to E. P. Watts, dated February,
different dates, have been purloined from the insti-
tution, and will, in no case, be paid by the bank.
March 13-3t A. ABBOT, Cashier.
fWHE House which the Judges of the Supreme
S Court occupied (in Elliot's riw, five doors
east of 4i street) is now vacated. Its central situ-
ation, and pleasant apartments, is desirable for a
summer residence, being on the north side of Penn-
sylvania avenue. Mrs. MOUNT promises any
who may call on her, comfortable accommodations;
a good cook, with all other attendants.
March 13-3t
finder, or the Inland Sea, a novel by the
author of the Spy, &c. is just published and re-
ceived for sale at GABRET ANDERSONS.
Penn. avenue, between 11th and 12th streets.
county, towit:-Richard Mason and William
Hanson, have applied to the Hon. Win. Crarich,
Chief Judge of the Circuit Court for the District
of Columbia, to be discharged horn imprisonment
under the act for the relief of insolvent debtors
within the District ot Columbia, on the 25th of
March, inst. at nine o'clock, a. m. at the court
room, when and wheje his creditors are requested
to attend. VM. B8BTW Clerk.
March 18-3t

OO aGRlNSS OZN ALT,.' try let the question as to his motives be judged of,
Si A and whether I can be justly chargeable with the
REPLY OF Ma. DAVIS TO MR. BUCHANAN slightest injustice towards him.
Z After many comments, when called upon so to
On the third day of March, Mr. Bccme, ', 'I do, the Senator pointed out two paragraphs in my
Pennsylvania, entered into an argum. nti. in tiS- -.speech to which he took exception. His remarks
nate of the United States, to prove that hit viens were so d ffuse upon wages, labor, and olher topics,
and op nions were misrepresented in a ,pecr rf that I was not ab'e to astertain with satisfactory
Mr. DAVis, of Massachustts, delivered .i ihp 31 precision of what he did complain, n,"--am I able
of January last in reply to Mr. B. on the sub-Trea-. now to comprehend it so ditnnc', yt'"l could
sury bill. wish.
The following is the reply of Mr. Davis to the I will ask h:m if he has any objections to that
charge of misrepresentation: part of my reply relative to the causes of dis press
Mr PaESIDENT: The morning following tho re- in the country? We seemed to be agreed that it
marks made by theSenator f, om P-nn.vlvana[Mlr. was owing to the derangement of the currernc;
BuCHANAN] upon my print-ed 'peeih in re, h' tin a ihut, in the caus' of thii derargement we .l.rc.l.
speech ofhis, I asked perm.'on nf 'he' S. nat . If he has any, I wish hion to state it now, asI can
re-state my observations in r-pl', as I hid reiw'n reply more understandingly if better informed.
t') believe some of them had b-en mnapprehendei, [The Sena'or declined answering ]
and to add some further remark.. ar I hal then I commented upon the remarks of the Senator
had an opportunity to run .ver he ,pesluhei ai I upon banking in the United States--upon exces-
shruld endeavor thus to plare the wtl-oe mailer ,n sive issues of paper-upon the amount of rirculat
a footing that could not be mi.Aprr.h'r, nded ing medium-upon credit-upon speeulatfon-
The Snate being then anxious to proceedin the upon excessive impors, and upon the increased
unfinished business of the day, signified its wish cost of production and the rate of wages, said to
that I should embrace another opportunity, *nd I be produced by banking. I understood the Smna-
now seize the earliest moment which has presented tor to dwell upon all these matters in his speech-
itself to discharge that duty. This, I am aware is t) speak of them as ev Is calling for correction.
a subject that ought not to occupy time in this If there be any thing objectionable in my remarks,
place, and my apology is that I did not introduce I should be better pleased to have it distinctly
it, and claim only the right of viadica'ing myself pointed now. In the course of his observations
against the extraordinary statement's of the member the other day in support of his complaint, he used
from Pennsylvania. this expression: "All I can say is, that I used no
In order io R full un.-lerinandine r fhe relation such arguments." I regret that he declines spct;-
which events connectd wwith ihn -ut.jci havewith flying hs objections, because I was then, and amin
each other, I -hall recall to mind the occurrences now, at a loss to understand what precise arguments
as they happened, he alluded to in that declaration.
A few days before I replied to the member from I understand him to speak particularly and
Pennslvania, I made some remarks upon several stronglyy of the manufacturing interest, ascribing its
topics of interest which seemed to connect them- embarrassment to the cost of production, or, in other
selvew with the discussion, and the Senator from words, to h;gh wige,; for labor create production,
Mississippi (Mr WALKEa) and the Senator from and the cost of production depends upon that of
Pennsylvania replied. I then rejoined that I un- labor. Every laborer knows that, as a general
derstood, from what had been said, that opinions principle, the cost of production cannot be dimi-
had been advanced that it would be beneficial to nished, except by lowering wages, and that wages
the country to reduce the value of property and and production go up and down together. I under-
wages, and that I might, in the course of the stood him to impute our want of success to the
debate, make known my views upon the subject, if great cost of production, and to argue that we
a suitable opportunity occurred. To this no should succeed in obtaining possession of our own
response was made. Soon after the Senator from markets, and be successful competitors for the
Missiecippi [Mr. WALKERa] delivered his speech, market's of the world, if the currency could be so
The Senator from Pennsylvania followed him, and reduced as to bring down the cost of production to
was followed by the other Senator from Missis- the standard of prices throughout the world. I un-
sippi, (Mr. HENDnBsoN,) who spoke at large in derstood him that this was the corrective and the
reply to him upon 'he topic of wages. The Sena- remedy for the manufacturers at least. I thought
tor from Indiana (Mr. SMITH) next took the floor, this a near approach to hard money alone; andI
and spoke also briefly to the same point. Mr how far it is consistent wi'h his declarations of
MERariCK, of Maryland, succeeded him, and went friendship to a mixed currency, others can judge as
much into the subject of the reduction of wages, in well as I can.
reply to the Senator from Pennsylvania, as I As the Senator has declined to specify, and as I
understood him, reading the tables of wages, to am left to proceed by such lights as I have, I
illustrate what the laborer received where the sha'l now read some parts of the printed speech of
cost of production was least. The Senator from the Senator, and leave others to judge how far they
Kentucky, (Mr. CRITTENDEN,) some days after, sustain the view I took of his arguments.
while another topic was under d.cuj. i n.'i replied [Here Mr. D. read several passages from the
to the remarks of the member from Pennsylvania speech, showing the general current of argument
on the same topic. To none of these speeches, or upon banks, banking, and excessive issues of papsr;
the comments of the debaters, did I hear any ob- alo relating to credits, speculation, &c. which it
section or reply, though I thought they understood is unnecissaiy to repeat ]
the speechtowhichtheymade anzwer,munlchasIdid. Sir, I cannot detain the Senate by reading fur-
When the Senator from Maryland closed his re other, and I have drawn attention to the e para-
marks, the day was far spent, but the Senate graphs to show, what I am sure the member will
having manifested a determination to take the not question, that he treated of banking as it exists
final question, by refusing to adjourn, late as it in the United States as highly objectionable, and
was, I rose and assured the Senate that, while I bringing upon the public evils which demanded a
felt it to be a duty I could not omit, to reply to remedy.
some of the arguments in which doctrines were I pass to another part of the printed speech,
advanced relating to great and monentous interests which I de'm more material, as it relat s to those
among those I represented, yet I should limit my- matters wh ch induced me chiefly to reply to him.
self to a reply, and a reply only. I think it was The Senator said:
well understood to what my attention was chiefly "Sir, I solemnly believe that if we could but
directed, and I thus gave distinct notice to all who reduce this inflated paper bubble to any thing like
felt any interest in what I might say, of my specific reasonable dimensions, New England would
object, become the most prosperous manufacturing coun-
I then proceeded, in the presence of the member try that the sun ever shone upon. Why cannot we
from Pennsylvania, who sits near where 1 stood, manufacture goods, and especially cotton goods,
and commented upon his arguments a large pot.r- which wi 1 go into successful competition with
tion of ihe time I was speaking. He best knows British manufactures in foreign markets? Have
whether he was in his seat all the time, but I we not the necessary capital ? Have we not the
saw him there much of it, and have reason to be- industry? Have we not the machinery? And,
iere he was there, ior near there, the whole of it. above all, are not our skill, energy, and enterprise,
I-He .1t1 nn_ iniirrnp mimn ,.n the PrZs of my proverbial throughout the world? Land is also
remarks to correct any statement of hi. areumr-ut, c.,evp.1r here than in any other country on the
nor did he suggest that I livn o, .--' ,.f th. earth. We possess every advantage
his sent ment, nor did he make any reply, though which Providence can bestow upon us for the
he had ample opporLunity to do it when I took my manufacture of coton; but they are all counter-
seat. My remarks were upon his speech as deli- acted by the folly of' man. The raw material
vered here, and as I comprehend it from that deli- costs us less than it does the English, because this
very. I spoke of his arguments as I understood is an article the price of which depends upon foreign
them, being aided by some rough minutes noted markets, and is not regulated by our own inflated
down as he was speaking. This occurred on the currency. We, therefore, save the f eight of the
23d of January, and, in about a fortnight, my cotton across the Atlantic, and that of the mann-
speech was published, having been thus delayed by factored article on its return here. What is the
the sickness of the Reporter. His appeared a little reason that, with all these advantage s, and with the
earlier. The speech I delivered is the same in protective duties, which our laws afford to the
every essential and material particular as that in domestic manufacturer of cotton, we cannot obtain
print. The words cannot, I know, be entirely the exclusive possession of the home market, and
same, but all else is. The arguments throughout successfully contend for the markets of the world?
are identical, and, Mr. President, as you were an It is simply because we manufacture at the
attentive listener, as well as many others sitting nominalprices of our own inflated currency, and
here now, I appeal to you andthem, if any varia- are compelled to sellat the real prices of other nations.
tion has been detected, to make it known. The Reduce our nominal to the real standard of prices
member from Pennsylvania has not ventured to throughout the world, and you cover our country
suggest any. These are facts about which there with blessings and benefits. I wish to Heaven I
cannot and will not be any controversy, could speak in a voice loud enough to be hear t
And here I repeat that I spoke of the speech throughout New England; because, if the attentions
delivered in this place as it fell from his lips, and of the manufactu-ers could once be directed to the
could speak of nothing else, for it had not been subject, their own intell gence and native sagacity
published. I spoke of it as I understood it in the would teach them how injuriously they are affected
deliver', gathering his sentiments and~reasoning by our bloated banking and credit system, and would
from him as he proceeded. My comprehension of enable them te apply the proper corrective.
his views was the only guide I could have. In "What is the reason that our manufactures
my reply I spoke of it in his presence, in yours, have been able to sustain any sort of competition,
and in that of the Senate and the public-making even in the home market, with those of British
every statement, every argument, as clear and origin? It is because England herself is, to a
distinct as I was able to do. No objection was great extent, a paper money country, though, in
made to any thing I said. What more could I do? this respect, not to be compared with our own.
What more can any one do? What other as- From this very cause, prices in Eng'and are
surance could I have of my correctness, or of th' much higher than they are upon the continent.
acquiescence of the member from Pennsylvania in The expense of living is there double what it costs
it? None whatever, unless the manuscript report in France. Hence, all the English who desire to
had been submitted to his revision and correction. nurse their fortunes by living cheaply, emigrate
I could have no reason to believe that it was pos- from their own country to France, or some other
sible for me, under such circumstances, to mistake portion of the continent. The comparative low
or misapprehend him. I had, on the ontrary, as prices of France and Germany have afforded such
strong reason for believing, as we ever have in de- a stimulus to their manufactures that they are now
I bale, that I wes right; for it is the custom in this rapidly extending themselves, and wauld obtain
body to correct debaters on the spot by explana- possession, in no small degree, even of the Eng-
iions-a rule belonging to all deliberative bodies, lish home market, if it were not for their protecting
and to the justice of which no one yields a more duties. Whilst British manufactures are now
cheerful obedience than I do, for I am willing that languishing, these of the continent are springing
members should expound their own views. Under into a healthy and vigorous existence. It was but
these circumstances, the sp-ech went to the public, the other day that I saw an extract from an Erg-
and I shall leave that public to determine with lish paper, which stated that whilst the cutlety
what justice a charge of misrepresentation can be manufactured in Germany was equal in quality
sustained, or if there can be theslightest ground for with the British, it was so reduced in price that the
complaint, latter would have to abandon the manufacture
Yet, sir, six weeks after all this, his speech and altogether."
mine having in the mean time been widely circu- What do we gather from this? What is the
lated and read, the Senator came into the Senate, obstacle to the success of the manufacturer, in the
and without the sightest previous intimation, direct opinion of the Senator? Whit prevents him
or indirect, to me, of his purpose or dissatisfaction, from obtaining exclusive possession of our market,
rose and declared here his astonishment at the and sharing those of the world in the sale of his
manner in which he was represented in my reply; prodnu'ions? It is the inflated paper bubble; It is
and this he did in erms hashand discourteous. I "because we manufacture at the nominal prices
thought he might have pursued a course much of our own inflsed currency, and are compelled
more suitable to correct a misunderstanding, if to sell at the real p ices of other nations." Such,
there was one, and that was his only view. The in his view, is the cause of our embarrassment and
lapse of tine and the circumstances give to this failure in success. Now, sir, what is the remedy
movement an extraordinary character, and mark a proposed by the Senator? "Reduce (says he) our
deficiency in that decorum which signalizes the in- nominal to the real standard of prices throughout the
tercourse of the members of the Jgenate. I sec world, and you cover our county with blessings
nothing in my course in the alieh si degree dis- and benefits." We are to take exclusive poases-
respectful to the member-nothing bordering upon sion of our own market, and enter those of the

injustice, or from which it is possible to infer the world successfully-and by what process? By
existence of a motive to wrong him; and there was reducing the cost of our goods "to the standard of
none. But, sir, he has chosen his time and place, prices throughout the world;" by bringing wages
He came here, and not to re, ltr redress, and here down as low as those who manufacture cheapest;
he has made his appeal. If it could be his pur- for by no other process can we enter the markets
pose to come upon me by -urpr -.c, he succeeded; of the world in successful competition. The Sena-
tor no one could have less'd any corn- tor shows us that England is carrying on an
plaint or cause of complaint. If it could be his unsuccessful competit on, in the manufacture of
purpose to conceal his griefs, and make his attack cutlery, with Germany, because of the paper
so suddenly that I might be found with the subject money of England. Germany, he allege%, is a
dismissed from my mind, with neither his nor my hard money country, and the costs of production
speech by m-, nor any thing to refresh my memory, or wages is lower, and she therefore manufactures
or to enable me to compare facts, he accomplished cheaper. Now, sir, what is the standard of price-
his purpose, and had the full benefit of it; for I throughout the world? It must be a tan-lar.I
was indebted to the voluntary kindness of a friend which will enable us to sell as low as others-to
for the copy of his speech, handed to me at the produce as low as the nation that produces lowei,.
moment, from which I read some of his remarks. or we cannot get the exclusive possession of our
Such is the coarse chosen by the member. Here own market, and enter the markets of the world in
he has made his appeal, and here and in the con- tumoesful competition. We must go down lto the

wages of France, Germany, and other countries that
produce lower than our laborers, or those of England
It I can understand language, the paper bubble is to be
reduced till this result is reached. TheSena or says
She is for a mixed currency, but goes for the reduc-
tion of it till it brings prices to this standard. Of
what consequence is it, Mr. President, whether it
shall be mixed or unmixed, hard money, or hard
money and paper, if the reduction is to go on till
this effect of couig down to the standard of price,
t'.rooghout the world is produced? None whatever:
and yet, so confident is the Senator in the sound-
ness of his policy, that he exhorts the manufac-
lurers to take the corrective into their own hands,an.l
to bring th s result about ; and yet he complains of
me as representing him as too much of a hard-mo-
ney man. I supposed in all this the Senator lo ked
really to hard money; but whether he did or noct is o
little consequence, as the effecton labor and business
will be the same. I was led to this conclusion, for I
thought he would not wish to be understood a
viewing one currency as most useful to the manu-
facturers and another t) the country. If there be
confusion in the matter, I am not answerable Ifo
that, for I replied to s'sh opinions as were ad-
vanced. It appeared to me that the evil complain-
ed of was the expansion of the currency, arid the
remedy proposed a reduction to this standard ot
prices throughout the world. I know the Senator
has spoken much of his friendship for laborers; but
it is his practical views of policy, his means to be
employed to secure prosperity, that I examined. I
did not consider the part of his speech from which
he has readt, and considers the foundatCon of'*,tnJast
ie', arc elsritehre, as an important or material por-
tion of his leassning. Such is the d. cUrn'c..r,iain
ed in the printed speech. It is before the world,and
let them judge of it, and see whether I have brought
the member nearer to being a friend of hard mo-
ney than he brings himself.
But the Senator pointed out two paragraphs in
my reply which he says do him injustice. If so,
it was not my purpose. On the first page, he
alleges that, in a general summary which I make,
(riot of his exclusive views, as the paragraph
shows,) I impute to hiar an opinion that the Sub-
Treasury will have a greater influence over banks
and banking, and reduce the currency beyond-what
he ever thought or has contended it would do, not-
withstanding I expressly state, ia another place,
when I speak of him alone, that he declares him-
self the friend of well regulated banks and a
mixed currency. On this point, I shall only say
it is the last on which I could have anticipated
complaint, after all the reasoning of the Senator
to prove the expediency of reducing the currency,
because of the evils of banking. But the effect
of the bill is matter that never entered my mind
as of any moment. It was not the measure of in-
fluence which it would have that I discussed, or
thought important, as I alluded to it only in a
summary way. It was the opinions and doctrines
advanced in the argument, the general scope ot
policy advocated by the member, upon which I
commented, and to which I replied. I could not
misunderstand him in expressing the opinion that
the bitl would have it; influence, as a corrective,
and I am indifferent what degree of influence is or
may be ascribed to it.
The Senator laid hold of another isolated para-
graph of my reply at the thirteenth page, and sup-
ros:s I meant to assert that he and his friends con-
tended that the bill would reduce the value of pro-
perty and wages one-haltf. I assured him the other
day, and now do it again, that such is not my
meaning, nor does it ,eem to me to be the just or
fair construction of the language. The language
is t'tis: I do not impute this power to the bill, but
it is enough for ms that its friends do." What
power? He alleges the power to reduce wages and
property one-half. I say the power to reduce
wages and properly, and to improve our relations
to foreign trade, without assigning any particular
proportion of reduction. The Senator draws the
the proportion from a hypothetical case stared by
mi in illustration of the general proposition under
consideration, that a reduction of wages would be
beneficial to the laborer. This I combated, and
in the hypothesis assumed a case in which wages
ware supposed to be reduced one-half. Having
gone through with this, which appears on the face
of it to be, what it i, hypothetical, and not founded
on propositions intended to be imputed to any one
as use I in agum- nt. I return by a new paragraph
to the bill, and use the language I have read, not
intending to re'er to the hypothesis, or the propor
tion of reduction in it, but to the general proportion
under consideration. He therefore gives a meaning
to my remarks never designed or thought of by me
until I heard his construction. He dees not read the
speech as I understand it, and meant it should be un-
derstood. This explanation is ihe same I gave the
other day, and is what the Sena'or called a dis-
c'almer. It is a disclaimer of nothing but his con-
struction of my language and meaning. It that is
what he meant by a disclaimer, I amcontent with
it, but I wish to be rightly understood. If you
take the paragraphs alone which the Senator read,
it may be understood as ha represents; but that
is not the inference as it appears to me from the
whole text.
But the Senator went further, and read from my
speech the next sentence, which is, "What re-
sponse will the farmers, mechanics, and manufac-
turers made to such a fligitioui proposition?" and,
seeing upon the word flagi i usused in no sense of-
fensively, not having the remotest personal appli-
cation to him, but applied to the general proposi-
tion to reduge wages, &c. and not to the hypothesis
or any thing contained in it, inquires of the Senate
if he might not pronounce this statement a flagi-
tious representation of his reanark5? I wish him
now to state whether in employing that language
be meant to reflect on me personally? (Mr. D.
paused a moment; and the Senator not making an
answer, he added,) if he did, then I hurl back the
imputation with the scorn and contempt `anruaee
so unirerited and unprovoked deserves, and sus-
pend further remarks till I hear the member.
Tallahassee, February 28, 1840.
Having been informed that the Legislative Coun-
cil wilt probably adjourn in a few days, your at-
tention is respectfully invited to the measures pro-
per to be adopted for the further prosecution of
the savage war in which we are involved.
Since you have been in session, a number of
our people, among them a woman and her ciildrsn,
have been literally butchered by the Indians,
many of whom occupy the swamps and other fas'-
nesses of Western Florida, from the Apalachicola,
and even beyond it, to the Suwannee; while, in
East Florida, the recent murder of the mail car-
riers, within a few miles of St. Augustine, prove
how unavailing has been every effort to restrain
the enemy ia that quarter. Indeed, it would seem
that these wild beasts-for so they deserve to be
regarded-their cruelties and thirst for blood, place
them beyond the pale of humanity--hese wild
beasts are becoming more and more audacious,
their deeds of horror are rather accuiutatring than
diminishing; they venture to asail hou.--., and
appear in our public roads in the open day; they
pre's beyond military posts to perpetrate their
murderous purposes, and start up like evil spirits,
when least expected, to destroy the brave, the vir-
tuous and the innocent. The number of
Seminole Indians in the country can only
be conjectured, but it is believed to be greater
than is generally supposed. There are probably
many Creeks and Cherokees; and even some of the
S-tic,.. e', departed to the West, it is said, have

returned; but be the number great or small, ev -
ry thicket and deep forest is liable to be oecu-
pid by them; they elude pursuit-to drive .h'ni
thoroughly from one part of the country to an-
other, is impracticable; and it is ascertained that,
during the past year, they have planted and made
crops within a few miles of military stations. Our
situation is verging upon desperation-men sleep
witi arms under their pillows-a sense of inse-
curity accompanies the traveller in his j urney on
the highway-every neighb.,rhot.,d has its tale oi
blood, and those who re in auihouty 1- 'lI around
with pain and distress, because they are poweles-.
to afford an adequate temedy for the evils throng-
inig upon them, in every ,iteciion.
This -i. no exaggerated picture of our present
crndmon. Romance lags far behind the sad re-
ahties we daily witness, and it becomes our duLy


Who can read thb.s extract, from the letter of a
highly respectable gentleman, without anguish?
Who can witness such atrocities without admitting
it to be lawful to use bloodhounds against such
hell hounds?
The introduction of these animals is entirely, it
is believed, a Territorial measure. It is creditable
to the officer with whom it originated, and whose
ample justification is the stern necessity which re-
quired it.
A citizen, remarkable for Ids piety, integrity and
intelligence, lately exclaimed in my presence, "I
would use devils, if I could, gain'.t such an ene-
my;" and I am compelled to yield asent to the
It is matter of regret to me, that before commu-
nicating these views to you, I have not had an op-
portunity of personally conferring with. the officer
i-.nmmanmling the United Stade. troops in Flunorid,.
From hi' experie'jc and military skill I had ex-
pected to derive much aBd, and this communication
has been delayed by the hope to avail myself of
The opinions now expressed have been former ,
after -'.me ileliberatiom, and it isa my sincere belint.f
that the scheme proposed, will, if adopiedby the
General Gjvernmerii. and rig-rously enforced, put
an end to our d iboutIieF. It is my solemn c..,nic.
ion, thai the unh. mode of roniqu, r-ng 'he Irilia'.,
is i. huii an.lp,,rue them in eiery diecti.ri, wiin
i c. mfpeleni ore', of brave anid haidy men, tie-
oe I tLu theserntice, and generuusly retard,d by
iheircounl.ry for the reril and PrivaLi.ns Ithev eta

/ ^(.t

4C;-7 7-14A

to cntider what shall be done for the relief of thi
To such measures as shall be adopted by the
Federal Government for 'ihe pacification of Flo-
rida," I am quite sure we shall lend a hearty con-
urrsnee and support. But, beingupon the spot-
vith the .li.-atr..u' circumtiancts near to the view
-any plan of orer.atinn. r. c mnimended by the au-
thoritieof F'.lndla, will doubles meet an atten-
ive consideraiJon aL WVa'hington.
I am persuaded that, if it were in the power of
he Government to fill the country with an over-
whelming force, and to humnt ar,.d pure the In-
Iians in every direction, vexed, tired, and ha-
raszed, they would soon 3,ell to such terms as
might be imposed upon them; but as it is not proba-
ble that, under existing circumstances, a large ar-
my will be thrown into the Territory, some other
course, more practicable in its character, must be
devised. I am inclined to think, ihen, that three
brigades, acting with energy, and under that diuci-
plane which b.'fis the peculiar service to which
they would be called, m'ght be competent to the at-
tainment of the otbje':L we all have so anxic'u;ly at
Two of these brigades should be of volunteers,
and the other of ieelar<, t11l enlisted during the
war, with the pay 01" cavalry or dragoons, and a
bounty of land--320 acres to each private, and to
the officers in proportion-to be bestowed upon the
fital es'ablishument of pace. The regiments com-
posing the brigades should eaph'consist of ten or
twelve companies, of fifty men each, formed ac-
cording to the organization of the regular army of
the United States.
The volunt-ers could not 1e better commanded
than by lie briahlieri or the Territory, who have
received their ei,,i.m..-.n from the President, and
who have boh i;V.r_,,i; hed themselves daring the
present disa'troous ornlct. If there were no other
events in which they have been prominent, ihe
gallant and successful enterprise tf the blockhouse
on the Wtthlacoochie, and the capture of King
Philip and the Euchee Chief, will secure to these
Floridians a bright page in the history of this devo-
ted land. These officers would of course be under
the command of the General commanding the
United States brigade. One third, perhaps one
fourth, of the whole number of men shouldd be ca-
valry, and the rest infantry; for the latter are better
calculated for Indian fi hiirg The Indians act on
I foot, and on foot they i-ut.hid be followed. Their
apparel is light, and so should be that of their pur-
suers; they are able to encounter fatigue, hardship,
and hunger, and those who c.pp. s. them should be
trained to endure the same difficulties and priva-
With these troops-always in action--ever in
search of the foe, pressing him sorely wherever he
may be found, and f,..ii..w.n hill through the
swamp and hammocks ."' he country, the war
could not be of long continuarce-the more especi-
ally, should the regulars and volunteers cultivate a
good understanding with each other and open their
hearts to the emotions of a generous rivalry, fer-
vent patriotism, and a valorous determination to
win that glory, which must belong to those who
shall rescue Florida from her grievous and bitter
It is with masses of men as with individuals: let
'he superiority of mental and physical power be
what it may, nothing can be accomplished without
a spirit-let it be called enthusiasm, if you will-
which brings every energy into play, and vigo-
rously bends it to the accomplishment of the de-
sired purpose.
S jpp.,-. n- the plan proposed should be adopted:
the coimipanie at p, Fi.-eni in he Territorial service,
would I- nrtd ir. the army of volunteers, and
the Terri.r)y savwJ ih, expenditure to which
it is now ., i L.jF.i;at experd.,r ,re callidl forby thene-
cessity of thecase, and for the reimbursement of
which, the Territory must look to the General Go-
The militia laws should be enforced-the people
well armed, and every company divided into de-
tachments, each ready to proceed, at a moment's
warning, against the Indians, should they appear
in its vicinity. For these services, whenever called
for, and p rforme t, the miltiii should be entitled to
pay,upon due proof uof tie exigency, and of the
service performed.
With our people armed, acting in concert, and
always prepared for the strife, it is believed that
many of the benefits expected from "the armed oc-
cupation bill" now before Congress would be ex-
perienced, and the martial tone anti it *acy dI-
manded by the crisis, would belong to.' hI Lharar ter
of our citizens.
SNo occasion has yet occurred for tenting the uLe-
fulness of the dogs brought from Ciuba. Ii i mll
believed, however, that they may b,- u-ed with -I-
fect; and why should they not be used Ii' rubbers
and assassins assail us, may we not defe-id our pro-
perty and our lives even with bloodhounds? Shall
we look upon cur ruii e I dwellings-upon the mur-
dered and mangled bodies of men, women, and
children, and then meekly say, "the poor Indians
have done this; we must be merciful and humane
to them; we will not set our dogs upon them; oh!
no, that would be more horrible than these butch-
eries." Th -e who are safe from In.i'an alarn,
in distant cities and peaceful land', may indule ,n
gentle strains of humanity and brotherly love-
were they dwellers in the log cabins of Florida,
they would atune their notes to harsher measures.
Let these men, in whose hears there is such a gush
of the "milk of human kindness," consider atten-
tively a scene recently exhibited upon the Apala-
chicola. Mr. Harlan's dwell;i- was burned, and
his family murdered, in "he afternoon of the 29th
of January last. Mr. H. was absent, and an eye
witness gives the following account of the return
of the unhappy man, with an armed party, on the
day after the occurrence.
"On arriving at the spot, we found every house
reduced to ashes; and at the kitchen door, the bones
of a human b.e-na nearly burnt up. Afor examin-
ing all'around, we sawthe track of moccasins,
making ingress and egress the same course. On the
trail not far off, we saw articles of clothing, pota-
toes, and papers dropped. About twenty-one per-
s ins, armed, now arrived from Iola, amongst them
Mr. Harlan, who, in a wretched state of feelings,
proceeded to examine the burnt bones, which he
believed to be those of his wife and a son, whose
knife he fi.'unt them. One of the com-
pany, in -earching behind the garden, about 100
yardsoff, called omt, 'CCme he.-, Harlan, here is
your wife.' Joy imneildaih -prana io my bosom,
and I ran ti. Se. the dead in itie, where there
was a general rush. But, lo! I found Mis. H.
lying prostrate on the ground, behind some pine
I' gs, with her throat cut, a ball shot through her
aim, one in her back, and a fatal shot in the head,
which must have been very near, as the patch of
the ball was sticking to her head. Her youngest
son, say eight years old, lay near her side, with his
skull fractured by a pine stick, which lay near him.
He exhibited signs ot life, and I had him carried to
a shelter, water given him, and his fact, which
were cold, put in warm water; and faint hopes
are now entertained of his recovery. Had
you witnessed the heart-rending sight of Mr.
Harlan embracing his little son, and calling
him by his nickname 'Buddy! Buddy! Buddy!'
with the solemn sound of parental affection, sunk
to the lowest ebbofdejection, and then running to the
corpse of his wife, with his arms around her, crying
out, 'My wife! my dear wife! Oh, my dear wife!'
I know your feelings would have given way as
mine d~d; I had always felt a sympathy for these
merciless savages, but my heart now assumed a
stern fortitude, foreign to its nature, and I felt like
not leaving an Indian foot to make a track in the
as-hs of the desolation th'y have made."


Froms the AIugusta (Me.) Age.
Agreeably to previous notice, the Democralic
members eofthe Legislature of thigs 8a e as emnbled
in the Representatiuves' Hall, on Thursday evening,
March 5, 1840.
Mr. Tobin of Hartford called the Convention to
The Convention was then organized by the
choice of Hon. Stephen C. Foster, President,
and John W. Dana, and Benjamin D. Eastman,
On motion of Mr. Hamlin, of Hampden,
Voted, That the members of the Executive Coun-
cil, and other departments present, be invited to
participate in the deliberations and doings of the
Oa motion of Mr. Carey, of Houlton,
Voted, That a committee of five be appointed
to receive, sort, and count the votes for a eandi-
date to be supported for Governor for the ensuing
Messrs. Carey of Houlton, Barker of York,
Gross of Cumberland, Wilson of Thomaston, and
1. P. Haines of Paasadumkeag, were'appointed said
Cn motion of Mr. Perkins of the Senate, a com-
mittee of seven were appointed to draft and report
resolutions for the consideration of the Conven-
Messrs Perkins of York, Hammons of Oxford,
Delesdernier of Baileyville, Robinson of Corinth,
Blackstone of Belfast, Weeks of Clinton, and
Otis of St. George, were appointed said committee.
The committee appointed to receive, sort and
count the votes for a candidate to be supported fot
Governor at the next annual election; having at-
tended to that duty, reported,
i,.. That the whole number of votes thrown, was
one hundred and sixty-sx, all of which were for
On motion of Mr. Shaw of the Senate, Voted,
That a committee, consisting of one from each
county, be chosen to wait upon the Hc.n John
Fairfield, to inform him of his nomination by this
Mears:. Shaw of York, Merrill of Waldo, Mil-
]ett ofMinot, Main of Belgrade, Prince of Buck-
field, Kelsey of Calais, Blake of Penobscot, Hill of
New Portland, Kimball of Thomaston, Caswell of
Farmington, Douty of Sangerville, Lake of Bucks-
port, and Leavett of Symrna, were appointed said
The committee having attended to the duty as-
signed them, reported, That the Hon. John Fair-
field had signified his acceptance of the nomina-
tion of the convention, in a written communica-
tion, which they asked leave to lay upon the table.
The communication was then read, and is as fol-
To the Democratic members qf both branches of the
Legislature, now assembled in Convention:
GzNTLMENN: I am informed by your committee
that you have been pleased again to nominate me
for the office of Governor, and request an answer.
lam truly grateful, gentlemen, for this renewed
expression of the confidence of my fellow-citizens,
and if you believe that our common principles, and
the public good, can be promoted by again urging
my name as a candidate, you are at perfectly li-
berty so to do.
I am, gentlemen, very respectfully,
Your fellow-citizen,
On motion of Mr. Bradley, of Penobscot,
Voted, That a committee of five be appointed to
receive, sort, and count the votes for two candi-
dates to be supported for electors at large, of Presi-
dent and Vice President.
Messrs. Bradley, of Penobscot; Bolster, of Ox-
ford; Poster, of Freedom; Lord, of South Berwick;
and Shaw, of Windham, were chosen said com-
This committee having attended to the duty as-
signed them, reported, that the whole number of
votes thrown were 150, of which Jonathan P. Ro-
gers and Job Prince, each had 149, and were nomi-
The following gentlemen were appointed as de-
legates to the Baltimore Convention:
Jrihn T. Paine, of Sanford; Hannibal Hamlin,
of Hampden; Joha G. Perkins, of Kennebuak-
port: John Anderson, of Portland; Edward O'Brien,
if Watren; Hezekhah Williams, of Castine; Samuel
Wells, O6 H 'lowell; David Hammons, of Lovell;
James Sell, ci Monson; gnd Alfred Marshall, of
Mr Perkins, from the committee appointed to
draft resolutions for the consideration of the con-
vention, reported the following, which were unani-
mously adopted:
Resolved, That the blessings of civil and reli-
gious liberty, under the allotments of Providence,
have fallen to us in pleasant places, and are the le-
gitimate offspring of our inalienable rights, recog-
nised and guarantied under the Constitution of our
Government; and, as American citizens, we tre
bound to guard them, with an eye of vigilance,
and protect them with an arm of patriotic devo-
tion, in gratitude for their inheritance, and in fideli-
ty to ourselves and our posterity.
Resolved, That In the enjoyment of our political
rights, upon the broad platform "of the greatest
good to the greatest number," we have found, as
well as our fathers, that we must encounter a spirit
of monopoly that would confer this good upon the
few. Hence a division into political parties, and
the unceasing struggle between them for the preva-
lence of principles, and for power to carry them
out in the administration of the Government.
Resolved, That even common observers can iden-
tify in the political action of our opponents, this
spirit of monopoly, and nursery of an aristocracy,
and that an appeal to history will show, that, as a
party, they have ever been the advocates of the
privileged classes, pleading the validity and para-
mount obligation of their chartered rights and
privileges, while the Democratic party, imbued and
animated with a spirit of antimonopoly, have bold-
ly plead the cause of equal rights and common
privileges, guarantied, under their great common
charter, the Constitution.
Resolved, That Democracy abhors this spirit of
monopoly, with all its legitimate offspring of privi-
leged classes, and eschews it under all its dis-
guises. Under the assumed name of "National
Republican," it attempted in vain to hide its politi-
-cal deformities; and with no better success has it
seized upon the patriotic name of "Whig."
Resolved, That Democracy acknowledges among
her sons no privileged classes, save those distin-
guished for virtue and intelligence, who have al-
-ways the privilege, without regard to origin, of
raising themselves, or o( being raised, according to
their respective merits, to her highest gifts of trust
and honor.
Resolved, That we protest against the recent Fe-
deral perversion of the names of Whig and Tory.
As we cherish the memory of our patriot fa-
thers with respect and veneration, who bore the
name of Wsig, we object to the illegitimate use of
it, by the Federal party, in taking it to themselves,
and thus desecrating it, and dooming it to dishonor
and shame. We also object to their calling us by
the name of Tory, chiefly because, as a name of
merited infamy, they would wipe away its reproach,
which they have so long and so justly borne, and
thus make it a name of honor, by their despicable
Resolved, That we cheerfully accord to our Fe-
deral opponents the exclusive right, under their
avowed policy of "availability," to adopt the noted
sentiment of their late chief and distinguished
Leader, as a maxim for their political conduct, to

"If we cannot alter things,
By we'll change their names, air.,'
But so long as they remain the same unchanged
patty. we shall hold them to their old party name
-of Federalist" which they bore of choice, as long
as they had the honesty to avow their own princi-
Resolved, That lime and space would fail us, to
advert to the innumerable humbug expedients of
our political opponents, to keep up the drooping
spirits, and waning fortunes of their party. They
have severally had their day-and where are they?
Being the worse for wear, they are consigned, or
are rapidly on their way, to the receptacle of
things lost," for party purposes.
Resolved, That as the stock of cur opponents is
now below par, in their panic movements, from
the stoppage of their great panic engine, and
grand regulator of the currency, made stronger
under its new charter; there is a lull in the political
elements, from the exhausted state of their re-
slources, and from their being in straits for availa-
1 e political capital.
Resolved, That the tremendous Federal alarm
about "an exclusive metallic currency," yes, ex-
elusive, for so they will have it, so terribly to be
deplored, does not frighten us out of our wits.
Let it come at its worst, we are afraid it will sink
uas. We do not even deprecate its approach te the
greatest extent practicable, with any party horror.
Our faith comfort Bus, a their terrible pprehen-

liong, that we may possibly gel though tot a sub-
sianial specie basis to our currency.
SResolved, That ihe lale Federal t"ha and cry"
of ruin, ruin to their fondly cherished bloated "cre-
dit system," does not disturb us, because a sub-
stantial specie basis to our currency may depre.s it,
and prevent anuLher bank paper illustration of its
excellence; its. chief beauties being exemplified un-
der a pure system of an extended and multiplied
bank enginery with the speculating and stock job-
bing gentry fur bank engineers.
Resolved, That last of all, (and most horrible!
say our Federal opponents,) comes that "bill of
abominations," the Sub-Treasury scheme of Mar-
tin Vaa Buren." Verily, it is to be feared, it will
subvert (most woful!) the bank system of alternate
expansions and contractions of the currency to an
alarming degree! For it denies to the bank ma-
nagers the use of the Government revenues
(consummate effrontery!) that have been (when
deposited in their charge) a great part of their
necessary fuel to raise their bank steam power
t0 a full desirable height, even to bursting, when
necessary for political effect.
Resolved, To deprive the bank gentry, in any
measure, of their power to raise and depress prices
by denying them the uae of the public money
for banking purposes, is such an outrage upon
their enjoyed rights of making easy fortunes, that
they cannot bear it, without being reduced to the
more regular earnings of some steady bu iness, to
the great injury ef their favorite pursuits.
Resolved, That the Opposition cry of corruption,
corruption, in the Administration, that we have
heard, loud and long, with a vociferating din of
confident vaunting, that they would expose It, i'
they could once get the power, has come down to
an ominous silence-since the report of the Wise
committee's investigation.
Resolved, That in their recent elections, the peo-
ple have met the vaunted issue of "Sub-Treasury
or no Sub-Treasury," and have pronounced it
worthy only of him who, with a like firmness of
purpose; and integrity of principle, to carry out
the great Democratic measure of independence of
all chartered monopolies, may, in truth, be said
"to follow in the footsteps of his illustrious pre-
Resolved, That the establishment of the "Inde-
pendent Treasury system," by law, and as we trust
it is soon to take place, will be a memorable era of
Democratic triumph over the combined foices of
Federalism, under the avowed Websltertan policy
of political tactics, "the prevention of all positive
good" by any act of the Administration.
SResolved, That we are solemnly admonished by
the lale Harrisburg and New Jersey violence upon
-he elective franchise, of the desperate madness of
our political opponents for power, and that the
ballot-box is no longer the bulwark of our strength,
unless carefully guarded by the Democratic senti-
nels, constantly on duty, and alive with their
watchword: "eternal vigilance is the price of li-
Resolved, That-who could have thought it?-
even old Massachusetts has sent us a message of
her partial escape from Federal thraldom, profound
and eloquent in the great principles, and truly De-
mccratic spirit that animates her on her victory.
And among the auspicious omens of her complete
success in her next gteat political conflict for supre-
macy, is the flag of her Federal forces flying, union
Resolved, That we have full confidence in the
firmness, integrity, and patriotism of Martin Van
Buren. And that he has evinced the sagacity, pru-
dence and wisdom of a statesman, wilh the coolness,
decision, intrepidity, and skill of an able and ac-
complished chieftain, the chosen leader of the peo-
ple, who in their recent mighty conflict for the
supremacy of Democralic principles in the admi-
nistration of their Government, have successfully
met and foiled the whole Opposition forces with
every ism in their ranks, from old fashioned Fede-
ral-uam down to modern Conservative-ins, in con-
junction wi'h their bank allies, under the charge of
the'r great Money King, N. B. and marshalled and
led on anew by their redoutable champion of
"sword, pestilence, and famine."
Resolved, That Governor Fairfield has expressed
the united voice of the Democratic patty, and we
trust will be sustained by the people of the State in
the declaration that, "though Maine has not yet
taken military possession of the disputed territory,
a continued disposition on the part af the British
Government to delay a settlement of the boundary
question, will not fail to induce such a step, what-
ever may be the consequences, should she not be
relieved from that respon-ibility by the action of
the General Government.
Resolved, That we cordially recommend the Hon.
John Fairfield to the citizens of Maine as a candi-
date for the office of Governor, and that in present.
ing him again for their suffrage, we feel the fee-
bleness of our voice in commending him to an in-
telligent people, compared with his own official
commendation to their support, by the signal abili-
ty, efficiency, patriotism, and prompt tude with
which he has discharged his duties as Governor of
The convention was eloquently addressed by
Messrs. Hamlin of Hampden, Talman of Bath,
and Burnham of Orland.
Mr. Perry of Oxford offered the following reso-
lution, which was adopted:
Resolved, That strict adherence to regular no-
minations should characterize every true Demo-
crat and lover of his country, as a departure from
that long established principle endangers our rights,
our liberties, our country, our all.
On motion of Mr. Delesdernier, of Baileyville,
Daniel Williams, of Augusta; W. B. S. Moore,
of Waterville; Amos Nourse, of Hallowell; Lot
M. Morrill, of Readfield; and George M. Weston,
of Vassalboro; were appointed a State Central
On motion on Mr. Delesdernier,
Voted, That the gentlemen chosen av delegates
to the National Convention be notified by the Pre-
sident and Secretaries of this convention.
On motion of Mr. True, of Waldo,
Voted, That the doings of thisconvention, signed
by the President and Secretaries, be published in
all the Democratic papers in the Stale.
The convention then adjourned.
John W. Dana, B. D. Eastman, Secretaries.

ORPnANs' CORT, March 13, 1840.
District of Columbia, Washington County, to wit:
O RDERED, That letters of administration on
the estate of James L. Anthony, late of
Washington county, deceased, be granted to Tho-
mas Carbery, unless cause to the contrary be shown
on or before the first Tuesday in May next.
Provided, A copy of this order be published in the
Intelligence and Globe newspapers once a week
for three successive weeks previous to said first
Tuesday in May next.
True copy-Test: ED. N. ROACH,
March 19-w3w Register of Wills.

hibiting in the Congress Library, of the First Five
- Presidents of the United States. A few of these
beautiful copies are this day received for sale by
F. TAYLOR, Bookseller, and may be examined
at his store, immediately east of Gadsby's Hotel.
The number of copies is limiteti, the plates having
been destroyed by contract, after the printing of a
limited number.
These engravings are to be distinguished from
the American copies of them, which have been re-
enttyvcircnlating through ;he Unite 1 States.
March 19

cheap.-Xenophon's whole works, translated
byooper, Spilman, and others, one handsome
volume of 758 large octavo papes, with portraits,
$2 50; the whole works of Tacitus, by Murphy,
742 pages, with portrait, price $2 50; the whole
works of Livy, by Baker, two large octavo vols.
with portrait, $4 00; Smith's Thucydides, one oc-
tavo volume, with portrait, $1 50; the whole works
of Caesar and Tallust, complete in one vol. octavo,
two portraits, price $1 50. The above are all
neatly bound and finely printed, and copiously
supplies with notes, illustrations, supplements, in-
dexes, &c. for sale by F. TAYLOR,
March 19 Immediately east of Gapsby's.

OHAN POTATOES.-The subscriber has
It yet part his crop of Rohan Potatoes for sale,
warranted pure from any admixture. The nume-
rouns experiments which were made the last season
with the Rohan Potato, confirm the high character
under which it came before the public, and entitle
it to the praise of being the most prolific potato yet
known, and also fully answering expectation in re-
spect to large size and fine flavor.
Orders are filled at the Northern rates.
The potatoes are carefully packed in ba-'els or
boxes, and forward as required.
Brookeville, Montgomory co. Md.
FIb 11-law3mcp

Fom tit lw )aanpjsir Gazettle, arah 9.
Th- subject of a repeal of the salt tax and the
consequent abolishment of the Fish;ng buntirs, is
again a suhiject of interesting discussion in the Uni-
ted States Senate. On a late motion of Mr. Ben-
ton from the Committee on Finance, to print sun-
dry documents containing important information
in relation to the salt trade and salt manufactures,
with the abuses and fiauds practised by the mono-
po'izers of the salt region ia the west, with a varie-
ty of statistics, and other matter relative to domes-
tic and imported salt, the p inting was objec'ed to
on the part of Mr. C!ay of Kentucky, and other',
when a long debate of four or five hours took place
Mr. B3enton vigorously supported his position in fa-
vor of a repeal of the tax, though a motion for
printing did not admit of going into the merits of
the question.
'"Mr. B. sail he never felt more hearty in any
cau,-e than in his attack upon the salt tax, its mo
nopo'y and aba es. Not even in the most glorious
expunging yreso'ution, did his feelings and judg-
merit go more ardently together. He was an ene-
my to a salt lax by itse'.f, and to a monipolv by
it- elf; but here both the tax and the monopoly went
together; the two abuses were united, and produced
unmeasured mischief to the community; and he
pledged himself to the Senate and the people to
make lbattle against these abuses until they were
abolished, or until his capacity for battle ceased.
What he now said was nothing. When he got the
papers printed, he should bring out the facts, which
would be worthy of the public attention. In this
nineteenth century, the facts and the reasons were
all that was wanted. Regular built orations were
now nothing."
The same proposition ot Mr. Benton, when
introduced last winter, was made a sort of e'ec-
tioneering hobby by the Federal papers in this
quarter, with the hope of a-ousing the cupidity of
the fishermen against the repeal oft ihe bounty; and
many thought it might have a tendency to throw
the weight of the fishing interest into the Federal
scale. We, for our part, thought otherwise, and
hesitated not to advocate openly the repeal both of
the tax and the bounty. We then appealed to the
good sense, the justice of those concerned in the
fisheries, to say whether there was any consistency
or right in continuing the bounty, after Ihe tax
should have been abolished? and whether there was
any justice in continuing to tax one of the princi-
pal necessaries of life, to all the rest of the commu-
nity, for the purpose of bestowing exclusive boun-
ties on one branch of enterprise, or whether, in
the r opinion, any man would ever have thought
of asking for a bounty, except by way of offset to
the tax?
The result of the last year's election in this vi-
cinity, proved that we had not miscalculated in re-
earl to our views of the consistency, justice, and
high-mindedness of this branch of our community.
They are perfectly sensible that the system of boun-
ties was founded on the circumstance of their be-
ing considered the greatest consumers of salt, and
therefore the greatest tax payers on this article;
that the existence of the bounty has always de-
pended on the existence of the tax-lhat when the
duties were taken off the salt under Mr. Jeffer-
son's administration, the bounty was repealed.
And again, when the tax was removed, the bounty
followed, as a thing collaterally connected with it.
This is perfectly understood by all the reasonable
part of the community engaged in the fisheries.
We have conversed with some who are deeply
interested in the business, who declared they had no
expectation or wish for a continuance of the boun-
ty, if the tax weie removed. Nor do they think
that the tax should be continued on the rest of the
community, for their benefit. Some few are dis-
posed to be clamorous, for electioneering purposes;
but it ii, in truth, an up-hill business here, since
the matter is properly explained, to get up any po-
litical excitement about it.
On the first introduction of this subject by Mr.
Benton, at the present session, we were a little in-
clined to think, that inasmuch as the general sub-
ject of the tariff must be shortly taken up, and the
receipts of the Treasury, in consequence of the
gradual reduction of the tariff under the compro-
mise act, would be necessarily reduced, perhaps
below its actual wants, the repeal of the salt duty
might be dispensed with until taken up in thegene-
ral arrangement which must be permanently ad-
justed before 1842.
Mr. Calhoun, under this view of the subject, has
expressed sime desire to postpone any action upon
it at present, and also in consequence of the small-
ness of the amount of duty, 6 or 8 cents a bushel,
which would be constantly diminishing. But on
the o her hand we see it slated by Mr. Benton, os
the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury, that
fur this )ear the tax exceeds the bounties and al-
lowances only $110,000, and after 1842, when th
compromis-e act takes full effect, it will fall short
of these bounties and allowances about one half
We can therefore no longer heailate tos gv e full
assent to Ihe immediate repeal of th' tutlies.
Tne compromise act oa Mr. Clay, for which the
Federal party have bestowed on him so much
praise, was at best but a hasty and patch-work
piece of busirwss, to say nothing of the numerous
obstacles it has thrown in the way of the collec-
tion of the public revenue, from the want of ma-
ture aid specific explanations of its intended ope-
rations: it made no provision in the reduction du-
ties for a corresponding reduction of drawbacks
and allowances; so thai, under its operation,
though the duties were diminishing from year to
year, the money paid back to the merchants,
under the name of drawbacks on exportation,
and to fishermen as allowances and bounties.
are as great as they were under the operation oi
the excessively onerous tariff of 1828. In
regard to the comparatively small duty on
salt, under the existing tariff, said to be six or
eight cents a bushel, even this sum is stated
to be a tax of nearly one hundred per centum
I Turk's Island sail; and upwards of one hundred
on Portuguese and Spanish salt; and nearly two
hundred per centum on Italian and Adriatic salt;
and that the price of Alum sail, as shown from the
documents required to be printed, was from eight
or nine cents down to two and a half and three
cents a bushel.
These facts, together with the numerous abuses,
frauds and monopolies existing among the salt
manufacturers at the West, represented to be
grossly outrageous, and of which we at the North
know very little, render it highly important that
the tax should be abolished. If salt coul' be re-
duced to the prices at which it might be afforded
on a total reduction of the duty, it would be the
farmer and the agriculturist who would be the
grtat st consumers of that article, and not the
fishermen. When salt can be obtained cheap,
unshackled by a tax, it will prove one of the most
important sources of wealth to the husbandman.

On Monday, the 23d instant, in front of the Auc-
tion Store, at 5 o'clock, p. m. I shall sell, by order
of the Orphan's Court, a gray filly, four years old
this spring, by Eclipse; dam by Sir Charles; a full
sister to Champagne, with a filly at her side one
year olh this spring, by an Eclipse colt, out of
same mare: pedigree, &c. satisfactory to all, wil
be produced on the day of sale. It is probable
oth.1r blooded stock will be offered at the same
time, of which due notice will be given. The
above will be sold on the following terms: one
fourth cash, the balance in six and twelve months.

for notes satisfactorilyendorsel, bearing interest.
March l1-eots EDW. DYER, Auct.
PUBLIC AUCTION.-On Saturday next, the
21st inst. at 5 o'clock, p. m. I shall sell, in front of
the premises, that very valuable house and lot on
Pennsylvania avenue, a little east of Gadsby's Ho-
tel, now occupied by Mr. James Riordan as a
Bookstore and Lottery Office. Tne lot fronts
about 16 feet on Pennsylvania avenue, and runs
back to an alley. Upon the lot (part of 3 in square
491) there is an excellent well finished three story
brick house, covered with slate. It is rarely such
very valuable property is brought into market.
Any person wishing a desirable situation for busi-
ness of any kind, has now an opportunity of ob-
taining one; and it may be the last for many years
in the same vicinity. Title good, and the terms
will be made known on the day and place of sale.
March 17-dts t E. DYER Auct.
I OUSE WANTED.-A gentleman, with no
1 other family than h;s wife and servant, is
desirous of obtaining a house in the Second Ward,
any where north of F street. He would prefer a
modern built house, with a small stable, and lot,
andwould be willing to take possession immedi-
ately. Address V. V. Treasury Department.
March 18-3t
p0fOR JACK, by Captain Marryatt, to be
S brought out in numbers like the works of
"Boz." The first number illustrated by three
engravings, aid this 4day received for sale; price
12coats. F. TAYLOI.


From the .MW Orleams Daily Times, Feb 28.
The delegates appointed to represent their Demo-
c'a:io fellow-cit zms, in convention, in the city of
Near Orleans, m't on the 22d day of February,
].ir, at the State House, in the hallof the House
(, Repre cniaiite,.
John R Grs mes, esq. was called to the chair;
Th. ruis Green' Davidson, esq. was requested to
act as secretary.
The c)nvenlisn unanimously elected the fol-
l -wans officer':
Pre'ieJni--Bernard Marigny, esq.
Vice Presidents-Denis Prieur, George Blair,
Cvrat Ratliff, C. Mouton, E. G, W. Butler, T.
W. SL-. ir.
Secretaries-Horatio Davis, P. A. Morse, E. A.
Canon,;M. Morgan.
Mr. Heriart offered the following resolution,
which was adopted:
Resolved, That the Democratic members of the
General Assembly, and such other Democrats as
are now present, be respectfully invited to join this
convention in their deliberations.
Mr. Heriart offered the following resolution,
which was adop'el:
Resolved, That the delegates from each electoral
district compose committees to nominate the elec-
tors of Piceide ,t and Vice President of the United
States ta represent ihe'r electoral district, and that
they report forthwith.
Whereupon, a recess of the c-nvention took
place; and the d-legates from the different dis-
tric's having consulted on the subject, presented
the ftilowing names as candidates for Electori of
President and Vies President of the United
1st District-General J. P. Plauche, elector; the
Hon. Gilbert Leonard, substitute.
2J District-The Hon. Thomas W. Scott, elec-
tor; Thomas G. Davidson, substitute.
3d D strict-Tra-imondl Landry, elec!or; St J.
Tournillcn, senr. substitute.
4th District-S. Hirnart, elector; Cesarie Mou-
ton, substitute.
5th District- General P. E. Bossier, elector; Gen.
W. H. Ovetton, substitute.
The reports of the aforesaid committee were
adopted; and the gentlemen recommended were
Mr. Richardson offered the following resolution,
which was adopted:
Resolved, That a committee of five members be
appointed to suggest suitable persons to attend the
Democratic convention to be held in Baltimore, to
select suitable candidates for President and Vice
President of the United States.
Whereupon, the president named Messrs. D
Pier,, Win. R. Barrow, R. Reams, S. Hiriart, and
J. N. T Richardson.
The following resolution was adopted:
Resolved, That ten delega'e3, two of whom to be
named by the delegates of each electoral district, be
appointed to represent the Democratic party of the
State of Louisiana, in the Baltimore Convention,
to nominate candidates for President and Vice Pre-
sident of the Uniled Sta'es.
Major Downes offered the following resolution,
which was adopted:
Resolved, That a committee of ten be appointed
to draw up resolutions for the consideration of this
Whereupon, for the 1st district, Messrs. S'idell
and Canon were appointed.
2d district, Messrs. Davidson and Slone.
3d t" Kenner and Tuepanier.
4ih Hiriart and Mouton.
5 h Downes and Richardson.
The committee having returned, Maj. Downes,
the Chairman reported the following resolution',
which were unanimously adopted.
Resolved, That in the principles avowed by the
present Administration, we distinctly recognize
those which illustrated the administrations of J1f-
lerson, Madison and Jackson-that their intrinsic
excellence and accordance with the Constitution
consecrated as they are by the sanction of those
great names, commend them to the support of eve-
ry Democratic Republican, and the measures re-
commended and adopted by the present Executive,
entitle him to thanks of the whole country, furnish-
ing fresh incentives to rally to his support with un-
divided strength.
Resolved, That the political intrepidity display-
ed by Martin Van Buren throughout the last Presi-
dential canvass, and his memorable declaration to
political Abolitionists: "I must go into the Presi-
dential chair the inflexible and uncompromising op-
ponent of every attempt to abolish slavery in the
District of Columbia, against the wishes of the
slaveholding States, and also with a determination
equally decided to resist the slightest interference
with it in the States where it exists;" together with
his ratification of those noble sentiments in his in-
augural address, mrit the potufount respect, admi-
ration, end gratitude of every lover of his county,
and in a crisis like the present, give him unqualified
claims to the applause and stipport of every South-
ern patriot, without reference to the pailty with
which he may be classed.
Resolved, That while we view party divisions
when conducted upon liberal principles, as en tan-
g-ring neither our Republican institutions nor ihe
union of our Confederate sovereignty-yet, with
the venerated father of his country, we must ever
deplore all lines of party, designated by geographic
limits, and we do especially regard, with just in-
dignation, and serious concern, the efforts of law-
less fanatics to heave their firebrands into the
midst of sister Co mmonwealths, reckless alike of
every social duly and the solemn precepts of the
Con-titut on, to kindle the flames of servile revolt
in our dwellings, and jeopardize the peace, the hap-
piness, and the union of these States.
Resolved, That we look upon political Abolition-
ism, as a corroding cancer on the vitals of our
country; that we deem such organization of party
as not only mischievous and revolting, but anti-
social, anti-national, anti-constitutional; that we be-
hold in all its movements, and its principles, an
utter disregard of those sacred compromises, in
which the Constilution "lives, moves, and has its
being;" the certain rupture of those fraternal lies
which held together our fathers throughout all the
storms of the Revolution, and eventually brought
the triumph of freedom and independence.
Resolved, That we deem it a further duty to in-
vite the attention of the people in every section of
our country to the fact that William H. Harrioen
has been nominated to the Presidency, in the face
of his recorded avowals that it would be expedient
to violate the Constitution by Federal exactions to
raise a surplus revenue beyond the wants of the
Government, and appropriate the revenue so
raised to the uncon-titutional purpose ofpurchasing
from Southern planters their own slaves, with their
own money, on visionary and impracticable pro-
jects of general colonization.
Resolved, That we 1eel it our solemn duty to de-
clare our conviction, in the face of the whole
world, that the selection of its candidate, by the
Harrisburg convention, resulted from a condition
and compromise of principles unparalleled in the
annals of American partiesl--that in that assembly
we have witnessed, for the first time since the foun-
dation of the Government, a national political con-
vention, organized of such discordant and belli-
gerent elements, that it shrunk from an exposition
of the principles of the candidate whom it recom-
mended for the Presidency, and with a disregard
for public opinion, unsanctioned by the usage of
party, proclaiming that political availability was

the virtue in their candidate which prompted them
to adopt him.
Resolved, That when it be taken into considera-
tion that, in addition to the many causes of solici-
tude for the dearest and most sacred rights of the
South, arising out of the reckless conduct of a set
of fanatics, Great Britain, naturally jealous of the
only power that has always, both in commerce and
in war, by land and sea, contended successfully
with her, has recently assumed an attitude more
equivocal on this delicate subject; and that we have
at this moment pending with her, in the most criti-
cal state, a negotiation, which, from its very na-
ture, is calculated to shake the fabric of the Fe-
deral compact to its very foundation, and on
which half the territory of an independent, sove-
reign sister Slate depends: all feeling of personal
preference should be laid aside, and every Ameri-
can citizen, whatever may have been his opinions
heretofore, should now, with one voice, unite on
the man, of whose opinions, on those several sub-
jects, there is no doubt, and whose consummate sa-
gacity, address, firmness, prudence, and success,
with regard to them, have extorted from his most
bitter opponents unqualified approbation.
Resolved, That all Southern men-even the
warmest Whigs-have, within the short space of a
year, zealously opposed, and ought now unani-
mously to oppose the election of General Harrison,
net only on account of his objectionable opinions
on Southern rights, but atso because it is univer-
rally known that he is wanting to those high intel-
lectual qualities and attainments, possessed in so
eminent a degree by every President we have had
since the adoption of the Colstition; and that,

therefore, It eleetaw, he would ne.sessatily be corm-
pelled to throw himself into the arms of thoae who
h ive been so repeatedly repulsed by the people
or into the arms of others unknown; an alternative
eually to be avoided.
Resolved, That if we are to have an honorable
peace, which is the inte est and the wish of every
go ;d citizen, who isso likely to secure it as Martin
Van Buren, who thus far, almost against hope at
certain periods, and against the strong sym-
pathies of a large portion of his native State,
and of his warmest supporters, has pie-erved
it? And if we are to have war, which
God in his infinite mercy avert, but which
we mu-t and we will meet as our fathers be-
fore us d d, if it does come; who among un, Whig
or Democrat, would net feel himself humbleI, and
his energies paralysed, by the reflection that, at
such a crisis, when a great name is equal to an
army, William Henry Harrison, whose name is
connected with so much that is disastrous to Ame-
rican arms, and with not a single incident of their
glory-a hero without an exploit! a soldier by pro-
fession, who retired in the hottest of the fight--
should be placed before the word at the head of
American affairs I
ResolvedWThAt we will support the Independent
Treasury bill, as passed by the Selate of the Uni-
ted States, because it i; calculate I to diminish ex-
ecutive patronage; to relieve the Governmvnt and
the people from a Slate of dependence upon the
banks; to-diminish bank power, which has come
to exercise a pernicious influence upon the morals
of the people, the purity of elections, and the
honesty of legislation; to increase the proportion
of precious metals in our currency, the only safe
plan of sustaining and regulating a paper circula-
tion; and to enforce a direct responsibility upon
the fiscal agents of the Government.
Resolved, That we openly unfurl the banner of
Bank Reform, and respectfully invite all good citi-
zens of every party to rally around the standard,
solemnly pledging ourselves to employ all honora-
ble means for electing to the Legislature those who
will vote for eradicating the abus-s which have
crept into the administration of many of the banks
and for making them amenable to the laws of the
country, which they have heretofore wantonly
Resolved, That we highly approve of Ihe frequent
recommendations of the President and adopted now
as the policy of the Administration, tending to en-
courage actual settlers on the public lands by pre-
emption laws, and also by the gradual diminution
of the price of the public domain, promoting the
growth of the new Slates and the prosperity of the
whole United States. Both nature and a generous
philanthropy indicate such an appropriation of our
rich, but unsettled regions of the West, whilst the
distribution of the process's of the public lands
among the States would create an irresistible inte-
rest to enhance the price to the utmost ability of
the settlers to pay, and thus retard more than any
other cause the growth and prosperity of our
Resolved, That the services rendered to the State
of Louisiana in the perilous crisis of 1814 and
1815 by Gen. Andrew Jackson, merited the lasting
gratitude of the people of Louisiana, and the mem-
bers of this convention have viewed with sincere
regret and decided reprobation the course adopted
by a majority of the House of Representatives of
Louisiana, in rejecting the resolution of the Senate
thereof, to receive Andrew Jackson on his late
visit as the "guest of the State."
Resolved, That Martin Van Buren is the unani-
mous choice of this convention, for the office of
President of the United States, and we do hereby
pledge ourselves to use all honorable means to
procure the vote of this Slate for him to that high
office; and further, that for the office of Vice Pre-
sident we will abide by the choice of the National
Convention to be convened at Baltimore; that we
hereby appoint for the
1st District, Messrs. J. Slidell and T. M. Wads-
21 do M. Slo-ane, D. J. Flucker,
3d do R. C. Nichotas, Thos. Cottman,
4th do Alex. Mouton. E. G. W. Butler,
5th do A. Lecomte, J. M'Henry,
as delegates to said convent-on, and will support by
all proper means for the second office in the Re-
public, the candidate who shall be nominated by
that convention.
Resolved, That all the members of this conven-
tion are Lhereby constituted a general committee
of vigilance and correspondence, and that it be
earnestly recommended to all the parishes in the
State, to organize Parish Committees of Vigilance
and Correspondence, for the promotion of the ob-
jects of this convention; and further, that John R
Grymes, E. A. Canon, Wm. R. Barrow, St.
Julien Tournillion, sen. and Judge Labranche, be
appointed a committee to prepare and publish an
address to the people of Louisiana, on the subject
of the ensuing Pr;teasl'.,i] elertian; and further,
that Solomon W. D,.-rn,., Judge G. Leonard,
Isaac T. Preston, and A. Lecompte, be appointed
a committee to prepare and publish an address to
our fellow-citizens on all subjects of importance to
the Democratic party of the State of Louisiana,
and that said address be published in both lan-
Mr. Wadsworth offered the following resolution,
which was adopted:
Resolved, That we hereby nominate as the can-
didate for Givernor, at the next election of the
State of Louisiana, Alexander Mouton, as a gen-
tleman worthy of the confidence of the Democratic
Major Downes presented the following resolu-
tion, which was adopted:
Resolved, That the proceedings and resolutions
of this convention be signed by the president, vice
presidents, and secretaries, and be published in the
Democratic papers of this State.
Mr. Grymines offered the following resolution,
which was adopted:
Resolved, That the thanks of this convention are
due to the president, vice presidents, and secreta-
ries, for the manner in which they have presided
over and conducted its deliberations.
On motion, the convention adj .urned sine die.
How much better were it for many, if they gave
preference to the intellectual or useful maihemati-
cal exercises, instead of mere ideal, physical, or
sentimental luxuries! The latter inspires its victim
with a love of useless and degrading amusements,
and gradually subjects him to intemperance and
effeminacy; while the former preserves, improves,
and elevates all the powers of its fortunate votary.
The most useful knowledge, hitherto imperfectly
acquired through years of intricate studies, may
now be obtained perfectly in one week, by an en-
tirely original method, the result of an acknow-
ledged natural ability of instruction, requiring only
a familiarity with the first five rules of common
arithmetic; being a new system of of" novel" and
exceedingly simplified improvements, the whole
sufficient for the qualification of immediate and
successful practice in the important profession of
an accomplished surveyor and civil engineer.
All other methods are very tedious and defec-
tive. The above is adapted to the reasoning facul-
ties. and presents at once a demonstration of com-
plete success to the student.
The instruction may be obtained upon imme.
diate application at the private room, second door
west of Mr. J. S. Hall's Virginia Coffee House,
opposite the General Post Office, Pennsylvania
avenue, at the hours of 9 a. m. and 4 p. m.
TERMs.-Surveying complete, ten dollars; in-
cluding the part required only in engineering;
architecture, &ec. five dollars more; each payable
in advance.

.ilahor of the above method, and a mathematical
A deliberate recommendation, from competent gentle-
men, after they had learned the above system:
"We recommend Mr. Hackman as fully ab'e
to perform all that he proposes. His method is
the most efficient and time-saving that could be
adop'e !; the whole course of instruction, the most
useful, easy of comprehension, application and re-
collection-a greaqlaccommodation,and the acquire-
ment of it a very important accomplishment.
F. Sumter, South hCarolina; J. L. Barnhill,
James M. Moigan, Benjamin F. Morsell, General
Land Office; George M. Davis, Teller Bank of the
Metropolis; Henry Anderson, Merchant, Washing.
ington city, D. C.; G.JDay, Teacher of High School;
F. A. Muhlenberg, Jr. Teacher of Classics and
Mathematics, Lancaster, Penn.
GEO. M. KEiM, Wm. T. STEiaERua, principal Clerk
of Surveys, General Land Office.
March 19-3t
ed from the unrivalled manufacturers, Chick-
ering and Mackay's, Boston, one of their best rose-
wood Piano Fortes, made expressly to order, with
harp pedal, and ornamented iron frame. Those
wishing a superior instrument would do well to call
early at Stationer's Hall:
March. 14 WW. W.MHBR


TUEsDAYV Mgrch 17, 1810.
Tni, C II IR srituoe. a petition of the administrator of
J :.-i-n r, iL ei. .. .ta.ei i -i/yti ,: c,.ni,.eo .iri i..r liet .*'i'n riiir
tisi, -., Athlt:a a't.4 tlei .,j I,. ihi,. L-',mrrltte .,i R i ulti., n.
ry Claims.
Mr. LINN press nted a memorial of a number of citizens of
St. Lot i pr.) infe i,, e-re':i.-,-o a .- l'o ,.rr,..,e atl Iliat it A,r.
which w i rior I,:. th,- (-'rrrniiir u I_. r-ir I',
Mr. BUCHANAN presented the memorial of a number of ci-
tize ns of Philadelphia, praying the passage of a general bank.
rupt law; which was referred to the Committee on the Judi-
Mr. WALL presented the memorial of a number of citizens
of the United Siates, praying an increase of the duties on fo-
reign silks; which was referred to the Committee on Finance.
Mr. WILLIAMS presented the memorial of a number of ci
tizens of Bangor, in the State of Maine, ptrdyirc Ii,.. I-a' -.e ,a
a bankrupt law; which was referred to Lt, te..(n5niitke ,u, the
Mr. CUTHBERT presented the memorial of a number of
citizens of the State of New York, praying the passage of a
general bankrupt law; which was referred to the Committee on
the Judiciary.
Mr. I.INN, from theCommittee on Private Land Claims, to
which was referred the petition of Enoch Evans, reported a bill
for his relief; which was read, and ordered to a second reading.
Mr. YOUNG, from the Committee on Roads and Canals, to
whom %,d- rre-tr h.i i'or to ,l att' ithp r.u, rihel r.1,i t
for theli.,,..J .-i i it i, i, l.',' i. mi P .i' a... 1 l. ii.
pany, reported it with an amendm-ni r-. di l.o )uirtiiiao] a B{.
cial ieport on the subject; which %,u ....l*I. i -,. b .11111in ...
one t iotnand adJit'o ial copies were ordered to be printed.
Mr. STURGEON, from the Committee on Revolutionary
Claims, to which was referred the petition of Eliza Causin, re-
ported a bill for her relief; which was read, and ordered to a as-
cond reading.
Mr. S. from the Committee on Revolutionary Claims, report.
ed a bill for the relief of Captain William Williams; which was
read, and ordered to a second reading.
Mr. HUBBARD, from the Committee on Claims, to which
was referred the petition ol Zacharialt and Robert W. Williams,
reported a hill for their relief; which was read, and ordered to
,,., I ri .li,; and the report ordered -, bI f.ii.iw.r
M, I 11 ii-t...r, the same committee, e.j..-t-il ill AIfor the
relief of Clements, Bryan and Company; which wasread, an,
..,.l ,. I ..- (rr .ri -rS.1l .-
Mr Mr%1A il0%o 1 .--.. i.J notice, asked and obtained leave i11 a...t..c the claim of John 'lBaptiste La.
** L-... I. .. 1. ,1 Louisiana; which was read twice,
anti i referred to the Cominittee on Private Land Claims.
Oa motion by Mr. RUGGLES, it was ordered that the bill to
provide for the better security of the lives of passengers on
board of vessels propelled in whole, or in .,rt i. am, be
r,, t ri.. ".- .i -t .i..r -ifirit Ia, fer M onday iit,,tJl \
MI. N I. rE.l.L .,r... ..,. i- following motion, which was
Ri 1 . I tIl It t.',,n,,.ir,?..i, i ',,h t. minstracted to i-r
rI.,' ,,,.. i,, ..*..l;,..I- .. ,... kn.: provision to compensate
such i 1.1.1. ,,,,-.., 'a,.t.,,,'. t..r losses of property taken
or destroyed by the enemy in the late war with Great Britain as
have not received such compensation; and that the memorialol
the Legislative Council of the Territryol Michigan on the sub-
jI e 111. .'.. J h' Nl'. r from 11- rJf. ., r, .r i Ii '...tnihil .. |
Mr. WALL submitted the following motion for consideration:
Resolved, That the Secretary ofthe Navy be requested to ap.
h.a l..i ,r I ..i,-;,.i.,h. .-C ,-a y and marine officers, to witness
,- rktlt-iL .i *r, -..-t itri.i ....I hIoarding pistols and rifles invent-
1.| n 'a a IIt. Il-i .:.1 ai[, si I. ..-TL the results in detail for the in.
forniation of Congress; together with th-ir opinion of the advan-
tages to be derived from the adoption of the same for these.
vices of boarders and marines.
On motion of Mr. YOUNG the, Senate resumed the conside-
ration of the bill for the continuation of the Cumberland road
in the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.
Mr. CLAY of Alabama moved that its further consideration
i., i... ....>i. ii tM.-..lay next; which was disagreed to-ayesI
M, '\ i L LL pr..posed a new section to the bill, making
appropriations for the further prosecution of the improvement
of all the roads, rivers, and harbors, which have been heretofore
commenced by the General Government.
Mr. N. said that the proposed amendment embraced appro-
priations for works already begun, and that these appropria-
tions were founded upon estimates communicated to Congress,
in the early part of this session, by the War Department.
lie had omitted two items for light houses, because they
properly belonged to another bill, which, it was probable,
would, in a short time, be reported to thIe Senate by the Com.n-
mitiea on Commerce, of which he had the honor to be a mem-
ber. lIe was fully aware that the Treasury was in an ex-
hausted condition; and he would, under these circu instances,
however reluctantly, consent to defer at least some of those ap-
propriations, if the Cumberland road bill were not press-
ed upot us. But if we had to borrow five millions of
dollars, or to authorize the issue of that sum in Treasury
notes, to enable us to go on with that expensive work, and to
replenish the eachequer for other purposes, he thought that it
would be equally right and proper to borrower issue ten mil.
lions, instead of five, to enable us to improve the harbors, rivers
and roads in other States, for the completion of which he con-
sidered the faith of the Government more evidently pledged
than for that of the Cumberland road. The former works were
commenced, anti to be continued out of the general funds in the
Treasury. The Cumberland road was to be made out of a spe-
cial fund, which had been run out long since. He desired that
the amendment might be printed, in order that the Senate
should have an opportunity to examine it, and to seace that it
conformed to official estimates made by the topographical and
military bureaus. IHe appealed to the Senators from Indiana
and Illinois to permit this course to be taken, and to allow the
further consideration of the bill to be postponed until to-
After some remarks from Mr. TAPPAN, Mr. YOUNG, and
Mr. SMITH of Indiana, in opposition to the motion for post-
Mr. NORVELL regretted that the Senator from Indiana[Mr.
SMITH] would not concur in the motion to postpone for a single
day, and to print the amendment. The delay could not mate-
rially retard the progress of the bill, and would afford the Se-
neale an oppor .'".itv i., i.. iie Ib,,'e .u' .Ijr a ,,.,ar- 'is,,airr
consideration. li n h .-i ri.'i ...i 0 h- tri hi- bill W.uiJd ,ii-
up al this m omr 1.,., ,,] .1 ,,, ... | L i'-rri,:- l -,' ip r e.-it t.0- 1ri.r i
views which l,. h, i., .-...,I . htok .--I ti[e ill a..-J th-' o alrr,
meant. The Senator from Indiana had pledged himself to vote
for the appropriations embraced i, I, ir.,lin-l,. if hr.-jelt
up in a separate bill. But did i, ihi,- 8, r.ia .r I h'eiic e, ,l-l ,e
r, It,, -.- i'a'h.'.ts a-.rT.. idtiai.-.r, admitted by him to be so
i -..l ,.- ~-. 1'. i,,- i,,rets, o' uldl fail, if detached from
those proposeil for the Cumberland road It would be vain for
- r,- ia.i.h-lT,- i.. the delusion, or to aff rct i.- .-. e. ha, it,
',. .... t propositions, so naturally -..r-.,,.' l ... .n ,.
cure the success of both: it miniht be fatal to tIate ofeither.
The estimate fur the Cumberland road hadi come to us in the
same report, under the same head, in the same table, with the
estimates for the other roads, rivers, and harbors, for the com-
pletion of which the amendment which he hadsubmitted pro-
posed to make appropriations. Why, then, should the Senate
a.. .b-:i4 ..i i.-.'i. detach it from the others of kindred na-
iu- -4 n,L.o it ,h.- ,avoredand favorite work forGoverement
i tr.n,,c.. \\., ihi, just? was it equal? was it national
flow coitld such a course as this be reconciled with that princi-
pIr- .-.f ,:.-.'rr ,.,'.,,:..", .,, .i.i,, ,I i,,.] A- )ll,|,T I ril Ihe .,
Ll',,.hh l,v'l'- F, 1ral, nti. :i ar tit ail. -.
t .1, .w - 1.. i r ,n 1 ]III .-..,L r I 1..r iV t ,odtj,
r, [ arI .I i *- *'t,-' isi .,, a, L- .k-pt separate and distinct
from others, of which he entertained great doubt, the practice
had been improper and unjust, and should be arrested. flow-
ever, without wishing to embarrass the bill by unnecessary de-.
lay, he moved to postpone the further consideration of the sub-
ject until Thursday next, and to print the amendment.
The question was then taken and decided in the affirmative-
ayes 20, noes 14.
So the further consideration of the bill was postponed until
Thursday next, and the bill and amendment were ordered to
be printed.
The bill to provide for the payment of damages sustained by
individuals by the wars with Indian tribes since 1830, was ta-
ken up, and, after being debated by Messrs. CLAY of Alabama,
HUBBARD, and GRUNDY, and several amendments adopt-
ed, it Was ordered to be printed.
The bill more effectually to secure public money in the hands
of officers and agents of the Government, and to punish public
defaulters, was taken up,and, after several amendment were
adopted, it was informally passed over, and' the Senate pro-
ceeded tothe consideration of Executive business.
After which, the Senate resumed the consideration of the bill
granting pension to Lemuel White; but before taking a ques-
tion thereon,

WEoNEsnDv, March 18, 1840.
The CHAIR submitted a report of the Secretary of the Trea-
sury, made in obedience to a resolution of the Senate, in rela-
tion to the imports and exports of gold and silver coin and bul-
lion; which was ordered to be printed.
Mr. SOUTHARD presented the memorial of Bliss and
Creighton, chronometer manufacturers, of the city of New
York, praying the adoption of measures for the encouragement
of the manufacture of chronometers in the Untied Stales;
which was referred ti the Committee on Naval Affairs.
Mr. IIUBBARD presented the memorial of the Legislative
Assembly of the Territory of Wiscons'u, prayinga donation ol
public land, to be applied to the establishment of manual labor
schools in that Territory; which was referred to the Committee
on the Pub'ic Lands, and ordered to be printed.
Mr. H. also presented the memorial of the Legislative Assem-
bly of the Territory of- Wiscousin, praying a donatioi of public
land for the improvement of the navigation of ihe Neena, Wis-
consiu, Rock, Peekatonic, Platte, and Four Lake Rivers; and
also an appropriation for removing the bar at the mouth of
Grand river, in that Territory; which was referred to the Com-
mittee on Commerce, and ordered to be printed.
Mr. SOUTIIARD submitted the following motion for consi-
deration; which was agreed to:
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Navy be directed to fur-
nish to the Senate copies of such parts of the correspondence
of the Departntent in relation to the construction of steam ships
of war as he may regard as proper for publication, and useful
for public information.
Mr. SOUTHARD also submitted the following resolution:
Resolved, T1,.r ii,.r Se r..iirv ,.f the Navy be directed to in-
form the Senat-, I WV ii at ,h rank and commission which
Lieuienaci ar. ti-j a,. ,ii-- ,, a,,. LieutenantWilliam L. Itud-
S.-,, i,, [ h -I.1 i. i r,, . r,. ,:,.-.. the Usited States; lWhe-
i,.' hnt iai.] officers, or either of them, received from the De-
partment or otherwise, before they left the United States, any
other commission or authority as naval ofltcers,or in any other,
and in what respect or character, than as lieutenants in the na-
vy; 3, Whether the Department has information that either, or
both, of said officers have, since their departure from the United
States, assumed and used any other, and what, uniform or flag
above that ttf lieutenant, or lieutenant commanding, and if they

have I. .-., riit .-r r lti l i 0. same has been done.
Mr. ) IN., ,..,,I i i. .-rniie on Roads and CanalsIto
which was referred the bill granting to the Mississippi andRock
River Canal Company a portion of the public lands for ithe pur-
poses therein meniione ,reported it withoutamendment.
The bill for the relief of Captain Snodgrasa's companyof
mounted volunteerswaa read a third time, and passed.
The bill for the relief of Lemuel White, was ordered to be en-
After the consideration of Executive business,
The Senate adjourned.
WEDNESDAY, March 18, 1840.
Mr. PETER D. VROOM, Representative from the State of
New Jersey, appeared, qualified, and took his seat.
On motion of Mr. Mr. TILLINGHAST, the resolution adopt.
ed by the Legislature of Rhode Island, in relation to the public
lands, was taken from the SPEAKER's table and referred to the
Committee on the Public Lands.
The CHAIR announced that the business first in order was
the resolution reported from the Committee of Elections by
Mr. CAMPBELL, their chairman, proposing to print all the testi-
mony connected with the New Jersey contested election; and
the amendment of Mr. R. GARLAND of Louisiana, to print
other testimony referred to that committee, subsequent to its
Mr. BROWN of Tennessee, a member of the Committee of
Elections, being entitled to the floor on this question, spoke in
continuation of his remarks nn yesterday, and in reply to the
gentleman from Maryland, [Mr. JmIFERa.] IIe concluded, from
the remarks of that gentleman, that it was his purpose to create
the impression before the country that the committee had trans-
cended -its duties under the standing rules of the House. Mr,
B. read the resolution referring the subject to the committee, by
which heshowed that the committee had, to the letter, complied
with the requirements of the House, and had not transcended to
the least degree its powers. Mr. B. in reply to Mr. JNsinEa's
charge, that the committee had notconsidered the credentials ot
the Governor, said, and showed by the reading of the journal
that they were considered; that the certifieates'were twice read
and fully investigated, and the parties fully harO on the ma
tar; yet the gentleman has by hisremarks, eat inne ,mpressstio,
abroad that the committee had reported without su,:h ineatiga.
Lion. The gentleman from Maryland had, said Mr. lB fur-
the charged that the ,ommIute n l Mnot omO erd the

LtuiM b efore mihklng the nlo oht u I wlai i .1o
rJallman had a majority of the lawtl v'e In prlor tha the
charge was without r-undatins, he read from thejournal ofthi
. .'m .taee, ahowlig that Lhs te titmory wa laken up and con-
i.l. red, to tlie reooluiuon offered ty Mr BOTTrra Of Virginia, U
Resolved, That we will rnow Lake up the tLetimony which
has been referred to the,-eii ire case of ilia New Jer-
sey question.
Mr. B. then read ito-n pages 74.7, 75, ;6, 7, 79, 61,83. 84 5,
86,87, 8S, and 89, of ,Ih- same journal, p .i-nsa ol ithe record,
showingtile fact that ',.J-r it, r,-ol_ iLhe LtestPImony wasa
taken up, and read, a-i-iJ ,.,,a.d, an-d tAint ihe parei wesre
heard ot the same. li- a iid i-rni me tunal, n -n age l9 iha
entry, "and no furtlhe. titdencc tbei r "blre iha cummntee,"
on a resolution introduced by Mr. Uortr she cummitslud ts'
ce-ded to other business, EC.
Tni- griilal tnar, Ir.m t-ar land. m i-i. Mr B male the chaigp
'hat in'h coririrnile na-t crlieri d coliii t.'-It de tuthe parties w1o
.n.d lat n nerrL h--n'e i-ka. ,usiiti,',n,, tilm4 ia souird rJoi makea
i -..r,, u I Ji ielmt r reir ,lr, 'n d 'aihdl IL na- 'l vi ti -Id that piJge by
-rslk t- a ir-ott il l their tbeiaite. Mr B. tea] ir-,m the '27th
p i t, (J ilte j.i uro .I t Lh L c ..ltiriLttee i h i rtaol lUi- in, a il ow ing,
conclusively, thitthe partres had been -lonfi-d that ihe cim-
mittee reserved to itself the right to make a preinmisary report
at any time it thought proper to do so. tie showed, alse, Lhai
he parties were present after the resoilun-n had been imro.
duced into the lHouse requiring the comm times to niike a preli
minary report.
Mr. B. wasgoing itnt., an exirr-inii.:,n oriihe oiher charges of
Mr. JNIFERn.and i't'- a hicr t 01 ithe pruieedings uf ihte corn
nit-L .r.,nh6e .e .i'6itrr, ri.l,- V
Mr J W JON-El, a%,h tlhalshe morning hour had ex-
.i-,', and .- tia., i- r te -r-Iers of ihie ddy.
t ri .-es- t ihr'. .s-,eveLr,
tjhe -?PFAKER ll nIi.eiore '.ea Hoose a communircanon from
t ht : at'im L-r| n w' 0tii, erO h-t irit a repi,-ri flom 'i e rief En-
f'in cr 5, i -ui|. ritr c l.i ret 1lu tor- i 4'-"h Fe ruiary, 18 9,
irr-iret ham ininty a % .tib. tii. pr.-it.ity of J iseph H.
t. aiterr. rt-i- a,-rtcte -i tihie Fripeitantg nn Cae rFear
Tvtr, N..,iit Cae'i.da,. wttiaht wee read, an-i appropuiaiaiy re. -
Also, a report from the Secretary of War, in compliance
with a resolution of the House, showing the probable amount
of claimsagainst the United States, growing outof theFlorida
war; which was,
On motion oh Mr. L. WILLIAMS, teirre]L to the C ommittee
of Claims, and ordt rad to be printed.
Al'.-. d a nmrrucaiino,' fim iha Treaury Department, in
:.irp cin-L I,{tt a I'Js -ii*t| ol a [ tie ISl., Januiary, IW', en-
closing a statn t.:r.i .-' tlt di,-,mir. i ri.mpera iion., whether
as fees or ott-,ii -e, a t,,rr It,v iJe-r r .-rel/tod by as h h min cit
attorney, dist;,- L 't, ar marl-.l. o ithe lniited idnletaes, dur-
iug iht v-'si l-' w .1M w h:h ic .k or .i-. ,i.tiA ely r ltrrrel.
O., illm.1,.'.A Mr C' SHINGI'.- Il-.u ie thca reomlted Itself
into a CommliiTt ..- ih t. I.l& a, the elate ut Ihe t'itun i Mr.
DAWSON in ( ',, .,,,. ii. ,i, k,-
III: rREA -.l Mt KINr a.I ii A . -, 1t m i..cerevi 'ite;"'r o the United
ItSr-ls 'met rilrouJ rrit, si-i n.-,'w ta- -ma a Bart eftherurmen
i ,, T-rr c- irI le,' l ai si t im,, frt r i0 Suee bills rf edit
rd.-i n-.i :t ..ih ['m int t ,,'i htttn-I c nuil wa ,'iualiay wihhe doy
te,' ee ,.-rii r. ,l1., t1. r- ,,, .1 [hti r .,,rt ,ti..r, Mr K s sa ilhi,
instead of i. -,, in.: o ii-t ,unirv, Treaury noises mbatrrafssed it.
Whenever a outiL t.f i'.t-.,lllit--he l-ta In-i 1a-',tal an ihess
notes, the operation w,,ilr,,t,, -,,t ar-urn curr-ny nram rcreula
nation, and banks are obliged to refuse their customers se as to
accommodate this great beggarly creditor--the Government.
Instead of this being a measure ef relief, it was turning the
screw once more around. Mr. K. read from President Jack-
eon's message portions of it toptiove that a deep laid policy of a
Government bank originated with the "Hero of Orleans," and
also read extracts from Pres-.itih \ ar. % i -i e late airiual mes-
sage to prove that he also .i i. .r ..r .i R tra tLarik, founded
upon the revenue of the G-j'-eriirenIr lie teourictid the dub
Treasury and Treasury note bill as a part of thie scheme to
bring about such an establishment. He contended that the spe-
cie clauses of the first named bill would be found to be impact,
Mr. K. concluded by condemning the effect which he be-
lieved would result from the establishment of the Independent
Treasury, and its tendency to reduce the price of the lands of
the West and all the productions of the country; and said the
people had been cheated, deluded, and deceived, in respectto
the cry of a separation of Bankand State.
Mr. K. then offered as a substitute for the Treasury Note
bill, a bill authorizing a loan of five millions of dollars at a
rate of interest.
Mr. BOND followed in opposition to the issue of Treasury
notes, and in a general attack on the policy of the past and
present Administrations; but before concluding his remarkts,
gas e way to
SMr. UNDERWOOD, on whose motion the committee rose,.
reported progress, and asked leave to sit again.
Mr. UNDERWOOD then moved that the House adjourn;
on which
Mr. LEWIS demanded the yeas and nays; which werero-
dered, and were-yeas 3d, nays.56; no quorum voting.
Several motions were then made for calls of theHouse ane
lor adjournment, on which the yeas and nays having been or-
dered, were withdraw, when,
Mr. PROFFIT moved that tihe House adjourn, and demanded
the yeas and nays on the motion; which not being ordrel,
The House then adjourned.
I THURSDAY, March 19, 1840.
Mr. TALLMADGE presented the memorial of a number of
citizens of Oswego, in the State of New York, praying the
passage of a bankrupt law; which was referred to the 1 ommk-
Stee on thie Judiciary.
Mr. T. gave notice that, on some future day. he would aesk
leave to bring in a bill establishing a general bankrupt law.
Mr. WRIGHT presented the memorial of a number of citi-
zens of Brooklyn, N Y. praying the passage of a bankrupt
law; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
Mr. CLAY of Kentucky presented the petition of inhabitants
of the counties nf Jefferson and Belmont, Ohio, praying an in-
crease of the duties OR foreign eilkts; which was referred toh
Committee on Finance.
-Mr. TAPPAN, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, to
which was referred the claim of James H. Clark, reported a
bill for his relief; which waa read, and ordered to a second
Mr. TAPPAN aleo, from the same committee, reported a hill
granting a pension to Jacob Greaves; which was read, and or-
dered to a second reading.
On motion by Mr. SMITH of Indiana, the bill to arrange the
circuits of the Federal court, was taken up, and Mr. S. sub-
mitted a substitute for the bill; which was ordered to be
IMr. CLAY of Alabama, in pursuance of notice, asked and
obtained leave to introduce a bill to provide compensation for
injuries to property committed by marauding Indtians- which
was read twice, and referred to me Committee ou Idrian A&
Mr MOUTON. irom the Cnmmtyriieet n Privaiu Land Clatms,
-, hh:h i-a itcinred itt-- bill conrijrmin.g he claim of John
Bif. t,- Lc.,pi, 1 iin d ira-:ti land in Louinldna. reported the
same without amendment.
Mr. WILLIAMS, from the Committee atv Naval Affairs. te
which was referred the petition of John Nan,, mnade an ad
verse report thereon; which was ordered to be printed.
Mr. LINN, agreeably to notice, asked and obtained 1ve to
introduce a bill for the relief of Reuben E. Gentry, William
Monroe, and others; which was read twice, and referred to tItb
Committee on Indian Affairs. .
Mr. L. submitted the following resolution; which wa
agreed to:
Resolved, That the Committee on Private Land Clalmnfue
instructed to inquire into the expediency of confirming to
William Tr;rieule his ciain, LO a cerin tract of land in the St.
Louis',r, t Jiditli-L'- itie ,'. r4i mii ,unri.
Mr. LUMPKIN submitted the following motion:
Resolved, That during the remainder of the present seson
of Congress, the daily meetings ef the Senate shall comnienc
at 11 o'clock, a. m, until otherwise ordered.
Mr. NORVELL submitted the following motion; which was
considered and agreed to.
Resolved, That the Committee on Military Affairs be instruct.
ed to inquire into the expediency of re-establishing a miliary
post at Detroit, and of erecting barracks and constructing fortl-
ficationsfor the protection of the same; for improving the fibrs
at Gratiot, Mackinac, the Sault St. Marie, and Green Bay.
The resolution submitted yesterday by Mr. SortraAn was
agreed to.
The bill for the relief of Lemuel White was read a third
iia,, a ir.ti trsed.
Ti.- ijili .. provide for the payment of damages sustained by
r,.h..,iJaals it, the wars with the Indian tribes inrce t1i, wai
ordered to be engrossed for third reading.
The Senate then went into Executive esion, and aflerwatrd

THiRSDnAY, March 19,1840.
Mr. PARMENTERlaid before the House other testimony in
rela ion to the contested election of Massachusette: which was
referred to the Committee of Electioas.
The CIIAIR announced that the business first is order wee
the resolution reported from the Committee of Elections by
Mr. CAstEBaLL, their chairman, proposing to print all the tati-
mony connected with the New Jersey contested election; and
the amendment of Mr. R. GARLAND of Louisiana, to print
other testimony referred to that committee, aubaequent to its
Mr. BROWN of Tennessee, a member of the committee, b-
ing still entitled to the floor on the above question, spoke in
continuation of his remarks of yesterday. The burden of the
remarks of the gentleman from Maryland, [Mr. Jasnvan,] it
seemed to him, was, that this mysterious package, this new
evidence, was not read before the committee. That evidence,
or document, said Mr. B. never wasbefore the committee, pre-
vious to the adoption of their report. It was sealed up and
couldiuot be inspected by the coimiittee,1without committing an
act of great impropriety. This mysterious package was brought
into the committee by the gentleman from Coon. {Mr. SMIrs,]
and a proposition was made that it should be opened by the
chairman. The Chair said the package having been addressed
to the rPBAKERof the House, and it not having been referred to
the committee by the House, he hath no authority to break the
seal. The con mntnee, save two, (Whigs,) coincided with the
chairman that he had no right to open the package. It was
then sutt to the House and referred to the committee after the
report was made, which report was only adopted by the com-
mittee and submitted to the Ilouse, after a foll investigation of
all the testimony before it. These gentlemen who complain
that this testimony was not examined, never intimated til now
that it comprised evidence of illegal votes, but was understood
to be evidence merely going to show that the polls of South
Ambi y were irreguisinv it,..J This criy that there~waf evi.
dence of illegal votee V.i ..-, rr-ihr.hght
Mr. B. further said, that when the gentleman from Cou-
necticut.fMr. SMrav] broncht forward in committee a resolution,
that the sealed package should be sent to the SBA'KaB tobe
opened by him, and be referred to the committee, only two be-
longing to the Opposition voted for the adoption of the reeolu-
ron. 1Mr. B. said that this testimony was a part of that
now being taken to settle the ultimate right of meemrs to
sears under a resolution adopted by the ,.'-niitiiih and was
not the evidence on which to dedje it,, prs,,afaei' right as
to who ought to be the sitting members. Mr. B. maintaIned
that the Chair would have been liable to pains and penathiee
if he hod opened thatsoa'ted package. He thee adverted tothe
expestfaeco law which had been passed by the Legislature
of New Jersey to meet this particular cae. That law makes it

the duty of the commissioner to take testimony to seal it
up, and to deliver it in persor, or to'transmit it, to the Speaker.
Instead of this package taking the course indicated by the law
of New Jensey, it was found on the desk of the chairman of
the committee, without having been first sent to the Speaker,
or withouthis knowledge that it was in the city. It was, under
such circumstances, emphatically denominated a suspicions
package. It seems that it came to this city enclosed in an en.
velope addressed to a private individual, in i-iaiion of the
law above alluded to. The only thing certain tr known about
it was that it appeared on the table of the chairman of the
committee. The opinion of the chairman and the committee
was a correct opinion, that it would have been highly unjust
and improper to break the seal and act on the testimony, with-
out the knowledge ofthe House thatit was before the commltee,
particularly when the evidence was taken to decide another right,
and rot the right which the committee was then called upon to
report. He said the committee had toiled by night and byiay In
investigating the evidence en which its report was based, and
before it was made. The majority of the committee, after that
investigation, were utterly astonished that any doubt had ex-
sted that the Democratic claimants were elected and entitled to
the seats. Tite "foul deed" of depriving the State of New
Jersey of her doe representation, of which tiati HouMe hbad
heird so much, was committed by ihe G.-'.eror of New Jer
sey. That officer knew that the genltmeinn he c.;mmisioned
hid n't received a inajrily of the votee. and ihat they were
i-.-)t irci-Li TIhe p .r-..' i i t.ait (tioernor aid his Privey
'FUacI. a rrc.,rd ilf" tWhKI.V,iS h. rf-..r tihe committee, and the
c--ri.,-, ile ,--.,I ichrh-r..t .i ir,5 m .i l t- 1, Od[toi:alls irlto lueston.
,h-,tat iirtm TCI The .-iw .f New Jersey rtluired the O0-
.-ir i-afenrl i-rte dnOerit return, he imsued l s rertJ-fi.
.-tlra lr t C-. .-rrer Inlled.l i 1 0, In ithis l epeCL as ihe IBaSS
1,1t hlis btih rique]J hin. t, lJ. lie knew that by tiing cear.
iif'-airq hc could niaKci members or a ittle timS,'Lto'CTarry out
hi. [ihlfi,.i- tiJ Ilhe i ,'orI [T which ie thfors advere] pro,.
ed t.-)ind -a.l ih' i, i G.vtrinor arntl Privy Coancil had no
lout Mtai mr, e t Ir.ulil rt be p rmitted i ri hold their seats per-
mananity I ,rtiue 0 ihase certidcatesi. The commlmae, there-
lorei O. iI5 a&Marl, ait' which cerLatn gentlemen so loudly con-
plaie ., ,tad i'n.: niin mrrc than realize the prophecy of
the Governor, by rlacmng the Democratic claimants in the va.
cut mas, Taeu night to seam co ulJaye b decadaBd sby a qd


L A&Ildm t'akh&r ate ho tUtaton? haid ben sub.
IS VAd to hll. inlhlTemllged by nlnit but lthe committee lhad
bhea four weeks 'eertaIong ihe fact, and yet getijemen of
the OppOBiLlon complained that i had acted wilt, pisciunanry
BilL e cbhier comrplatnt of ie gnetieman fron, Neow \'ri
l1r. FiLLIMoRaMI and ouhvr- acing wiith hnim, in rel.iLun Iv the
report ol the cjrnmltsed, a" n.ih ilhasi the a 111 I tle t..dlv "I
the report were uritin-, 1-ut ihl ih- itl, pagst. w,.. %r.-r., be
cause it contialn-d tie w .,rd I la .1il ie .ias :..n,.,rriL itra
the people w.uld ltok ne ,,r.d the title paae i it It ep.,.ri iLt.
wiuld pa into the tily of &iW oa-c..etarI, m "rite Ii ., iA, the ...] the gent rl Olf rLr.We or, it, I, would
avail them Out lil 6
The commllite, to making tihe report a i, thlich fit ibit.liri.
anti had ihe .r elass num tr, li i t ,u i ,l-s. i kt at il -.941
Otl 'l, r pron e.ilnI the reet,lt,'rr a...piel I, the parl-It 6-n'e
ofrlrir ptoceeditn. ithai a tie t .is, i , ccr tiv .jit'.t z1
offi'ei. aIting ti c-.nt.iIt.I ,V wih tae were tiina wtl.,..: e
gal," until ine crtrary ,uld be't,..-. or, Now elie ita a re
solution aaiptied unarltmouii, b. itv, '.[itntilt., aso a i.. I- r
th i uiuri a rl.n art wa .l b ] Wh cr, tl i lrnt.o.- Le, crupilouidly ttt
luw.d in ItIeIr rep,,rt, ari yet Retrileni r,,." pTreaid i id
thal tlli Ctli'inilee acted wIINhoutL ,v. .,jrcl, e.:.
havme, in maSkinge i, 1ti itt.i j II i ti'c maI.
have lorgorter, ithi r'eolmu'hn w11,-1 LhtV ihemn-eloo hal I
adopted Trhe rp.3rt of the committee, therefore. was but an
echo and erb'.-iyne.i0 of tihe prir.Iple e'rimaireil ir. that rei-
lution Mr B A ernl, iLf i" t i8 a Ii oteat, i ,,ItI he t i.,o.J
ingg orth hIumtri,,ee ,o-h-ow the ininpd rr.inl itor ,-r, irt iti
way Oy tho iar er n nlor w wl.., r.uh"[i l[ie ill ihj iey b1a1 it
nr.ed Wliiti.ut pr' er ri ,,ishlerhiiom',; liui t.ft-li, t.F C.,jr t ,Jcd
hIe remarks, (w'tich will b putI.hiti d i i'li re il f, i It,, as
a. reaLsJ t.v
Mr. J W' JONEd. wh.o Pid iithe mormirnili tuu hd tfplari,
and, atle i. fr he rders o' ih, da,
Tne SPEAKER emrcDse.d ithi, upr'.lurniy, and laid b ftr-
the INHuS the flitowinr ,; .:mmuiuratiio i
I A ii.L itom ih- rP.'rm. 6-rr .G r l, in conrl nr. trr iil,
the ree tlullon tt.ihc |l ,ne,.t R-i.r. -. .t e i i, ( 'I.r, ir,'
relative it lie rim al .3 ih rilv r'J' uifi.:o. t,,.:h t a f i, fl"
red to the CoIrrmiiitee on int. PuDic B,,IIuinrp
2 A loiterfionm the Sicreiarv of I.% r. Ltr'h. iniir,n it. r'.
pirl ofthe Thir, A .liioi'r, in ritjly It. ih i s, iuriar .'. ithe
ou. m -.-I Rtpt-. uiat iisa' r.1 i-,.. ft h 0,.i t r,|,t I,. 'he t in
iltnieni fir Otn tia.l '.. r t.i .. I ..i dJir.g the late hostilities
With uime Ceia eal .I ,r,.jlt. I,,.hr.t ,1. A.abamaand Florida,
by the Alsttamt voluarti-r, reitri.J i., ij.e Committee on Miltli.
liar) Alffait.
3. Alti, i lettiier iromn it e, re ary o, 'War. irar-, a re-
p-ni o1 tht .im. ner ..I bmidiai %G ifA. If. i Ii., ..
*i.UL/jO of ihe H"ouse ,i fir- .-? iI l Jl iii,,1,.
falling upori Ihe t, r DrpaIm i,I nr--o''nn il.'lI..,,,l ''ii.ti. r.
mioLnI aS IL me.y De p.j'eswcd 01. rWli-e .. Lf earrai ri-,,.ir
ing tr", i I, I t i-jm3rd he r- m. r., .-I ,, ,',.n iri l J .',, I- I
Desl Mines nrvr a e. re l, ih i ,.n, l'. ,,l.-..l,.o i,,,, rldiiit
4 Tte mcni.ritl i I.-m u l t .'1., I.., .J ,'.,r,, ir :- ....
tells in Lle nktL~i 4 ,,it ureemt..ail D 61f" ,"I daC;ini.,L IIl i 100 -i Ili
m )r, Bakelr 1.,0 s eal the iit e i. i' i,[.r,tj iidltl IF, f]rl,.J
t, the .'nnttoItm e it E'r.',rle.
5 A letter from the P am,.t-.-i GqIiEr.!, train4L1;it i re-
r..rto ali,.ah ,er. msB nmd. i. e..-i r-Lin.,' i ot i ll mI. i e, end. l-
irlgthC htl July, 1839, &C ljI.j i. the a.l.I1A, -,J r.l ... be
6 Leiter rrom the cirretar 'r I ithr, Tzesasiry. Ii or.,-.lipr, I '
a reau'ulriu ca mh i. H,'ue ., I [ti['preiLtdL r ,, :)i I t i.r I ,
LrarImmtrtirtA I -r Sal'elI nl oS1 n...O s ir,-, i, o .] i1e ii1, i1 ...,, *.f
the e versl ISidLtte Idi-.l i it t, t I.-, , .Utrr,. i,. t. ri tr.r .1
7 L ier 'froit 'he r-crelorl i:.l ire Nov,.1 .. ,i
tihe rinooluii..t otlhe I.,r1, -,i R, r,.-.-,atii .ai it, .i,, .
Iraeilnlt i-Ip,.1 ihr fui d. L -'m, nfi ..- 111 111. in, It Nt.'
Department belife, Ai.r,,ral Baudln,of the French navy, and
Comr,..dore W B. Snut.,,.k i inhe L'i.-,, l ,air- r r- %, P..,.
aa olad J tFig iFt. ti rfi, iho I luhe 1.-1 I.J ., ilir Itlbii find r
-Iraled to he pr mn.d
6 DeptoiiLtuiiin it, reel.-n I" 'he New Jersey election.
Onr moAh 6r,1 Mr Rll. E GARLAND, ordered to lie on the
Mr CHINN gate n..tiCerhE h- wi.e J, ai o pr'r.r time, in.
trIuduce a bill I-, atbnlsit, it'.e tr. t in. eir.' iin, I.- ui s,i known as
Ihe OFeeno burg at,. Sou t-.'a-&tirf, .,it.-il a,-,J L i sablish a
new one, 1o tie dIc1 iiaed tIho -- ,ti,.:ri, ar,. for other
on motion. the House re..IveJ imnalif into Committee of the
Wholea on the lat" oLtihe tlinri., irar DAWSON in the chair,)
atid to,,k its,
Mr. BOND, who wa entitled to the floor, spoke in continu-
ation of hits remarks of yesterday. He examined the policy of
tIhejl-aand Adnziijt.,t"'.., and denounced it asinju-
riOBn LW the beal irt.tee'iL, -. l i', l'ntnirv.
Mr VANDER-POEL ,.ln,.w.,l ii 't[,tl \..'Me'or. CuSHINO,
BOMD, a0n.1 ir, G io h i. p ull i-t.- i.. k .w an. iln an able
ioDdicatorno the I( ra a. rad .re.e,, i ',kdil,'raii.inB from the
chargesol thos e'nfllelaintt i iel.-eI I. ,,l i tl'. ieIse of the
Teary ris Oa< c.,iai.aiirtia, .-jattending that that right
was inrlviVj in t tie nri1it .i it,, G_..eenment to borrow money,
whi. :to 'oe of Ithe0ie `'Iirin,,e. .1.'ri..J it had the power todo.
lie showed from trftic. i d.,t-.,nr r,. Ii reply to the argument
of Mr CISteHiN, Lthat Mie cr-..d>tures of the Govern-
meat during the past and present Administrations had not
increased in a greater ratio than the increase in the popfila-
tion and resource, of the country. He also showed that one
great cauM of the increase of the civil list was the extravagant
lcre-e of the contingent expenses of the House, growing out
of the system put on foot by the Opposition,of printing panic
and electioneerng documents. His remarks will be published
hereafter in full.
Mr. TRUMBULL next obtained the floir, on whose motion
the committee rose, reported progress, and asked leave to sit
On motion of Mr. ANDREWS,
The Houe then adjourned.

03 PRINTERS !-A special meeting of the
Columbia T) pogiaph;cal Society will be held on
Saturday evening next, at the usual hour of meet-
ing. Business of the most vital importance to the
interests of the craft will be up for consideration;
and it is therefore earnestly hoped that all the mem-
ber* will be present. W.H. DELANO,
March 19 Secretary.
formerly from New York, and lately from
Georgetown, has the honor to inform the Ladies of
Washington and its vicinity, that she has on hand,
at her residence, on 13thstreet, 4 doors from Penn-
sylvania Avenue, east of the Theatre, colored and
white sain, jeans, and linen Corseis, of easy pat-
terns, already well known to ladies that can appre-
ciate them. Also, Corsets of an extra large size,
Shoulder Braces for both sexes, at school, Nursing
Corsets, a la Paresseusse, for ladies in delicate
health; and always on hand, the French Corset,
(lately called the Victoria,) from $1 50 to $2 50.
WANTED-A good Seamstress, at the above
named place. Also, a Young Woman as an ap-
prentice. She will receive pay for her work.
Gentlemen's Patent Shoulder Braces, at Mr.
Nixon's, watch maker, next door to my residence.
March 19-eod3w
PER CASES, &c.-Oa Saturday morning,
at 10 o'clock, I shall sell, in front of my Auction
Store, a good lot of Household Furniture, such as
Magogany hair-seat Sofas, Cane Chairs,
Sideboards, Bureaus, Washstands, &c.
Card, Centre, Dining, and Breakfast
Handsome Cut Glass Decanters, Wines, and
China Tea Sets, Crockery Ware, Knives, and
Wardrobes, Toilet Tables, Window Curtains,
and Ornaments,
Bedsteads, Beds, Mattresses, with other articles.
At the same time:
A lot of Books, Book Cases, and Paper Cases,
Chairs, Fenders, &c. from one of the public De-
partments. Terms cash.
On Monday next, the 23d inst. at 5 o'clock, p. m.
I shall sell, ia front of my Auction Store:
1 excellent close Family Carriage and Harness,
in good order,
1 Hackney Carriage and Harness,
1 Buggy Wagon, with top and double Harness,
r Avery bhaurtlul Blooded Filly, four years old,
and wound make a first rote saddle-horse. Also,
an excellent Dray and a"Cart, small Market or
Baggage Wagon, and Wheelbarrow.
Terms liberal, and at sale.
March 19--3t EDW. DYER, Auct.
W P. McCONNELL, Dentist, corner of
Second street and Pennsylvania avenue,
Washington aity.
References: T. Sewall, M. D., H. Lindsly, M.
D., F. May, M. D., and N. P. Causin, M. D.
Mr. MCCONNELL would inform the profession
that he can supply them with teeth of the first
quality; and, from a very extensive practice, can
warrant them as fire-proof.
March 19-eodIm

scriber has just received from Philadelphia, and
offers at private sale, 10 barrels prime old Monon-
gahela Whiskev. fourth proof, and of superior
quality,which will be sold bargain forcash. Also,
an additional supply of Scott's Fire proof Safes, so
celebrated for, and on account of, their perfect se-
curity against fire and thieves. Gentlemen wishing
such articles, (and men of business should never
be without them,) will please call and make a se-
lection. They will be sold low for cash, or on
time. EDW. DYER,
March 19-3t Auctioneer.
l this title EASTMAN, FISHER, and Co. propose
to publish simultaneously in Washington and Bal-
timore, until the next Presidential election, a new
weekly paper as an antidote to the Federal poison
now issued in the slanderous sheets devoted to Abo-
lition and Harrison Whigery. It will be under the
editorial supervision of several distinguished poli-
tical writers, and no pains will be spared to make
it an efficient advocate of sound Democratic princi-
ples. It will be printed on a royal sheet, at the
unusually low price offifty cents for-a'single number,
eleven copes fox five dollars, and twenty-three co
pies for ten dollars-paiable in all cases upon tha
reception of the first number. Those wt receive
their papers by a carrier will be charge' twelve
aniI a half cents in addition lo the above,
Washington, March 17, 184u 6ts a'
I ANTED to purchase or hire a likely ne-
V gro girl between the age of twelve and
eighteen, fot the use of a small family. For one
teat is active and of a good disposition, a liberal
price will be given. Persons having such a one
I> part wiih, and wi-hing her kept in the District,
would find it Lo their interest IPto apply to
March 17-4 Wigh st. Georgetown!




By and with theadvice andt consent of the Senate.
CALVIN BLYTHE, Collector of the Customs for
the D strict of Philadelphia, vice George Wolr, de-

The Senate has been engaged, to-dlay, in secret
session, on an Indian treaty.

In the House to-day, Mr. BROWN, from Tennes-
see, gave the Federal apologists for the New Jer-
sey fraud a thorough settling. Mr. BROWN was a
member of the committee, and produced its jour-
nal, showing conclns:vely that the posi ions as-
sumed by the minority in the House, were in direct
conflict with iheir own votes in the committee,
upon points now put in issue by them before the
House. The only advantage to be counted on by
the Oppcsition is, that with their multitude of
presses, and other excessive activity in circulating
their misrepresentations, they may reach many who
will never see the refutation.
Mr. BOND of Ohio occupied the floor of the
House, in Committee of the Whole, on the bill re-
ported by thie Committee of Ways and Means, pro-
viding for the appropriations. While we were
present, he was employed in --g time, in read-
ing old newspapers for the edification of the Hode.
The Opposition have had this discussion all to
themselves, from Thursday last, when the chair-
man of the committee made his statesman-like ex-
position of the subject. He has not been replied
to by any except Mr. CSHiNti-the o'her Federal
Ists who followed him have been talking about
every thing else. Their speeches are for the use of
the central c'ub, and to be circulated by the central
fund, of which Mr. JOHN C. CLARK'S letter gives aa
Since writing the above, we learn that Mr. VAN-
DERPOEL made a brief, but able, response to the
Opposition. Mr. TRUMBULL has the floor.

It will be recollected that the patriots, Messrs.
GRAVES, CURTIS, and PHILLIPS, issued a secret cr-
cular as an Executive Committee ofa Congressional
caucus, to levy contributions to the amount of
$20,000, to pension a press more despicably
partisan than the National lnitliig-.- r, ato do the
dirty work of the party in this city. The MADiSO-
NIAN, then using the hypocritical cant of represent-
ing the Administration more truly than the Globe,
was selected by the Federal party for the office of
tender to the Intelligencer. It was known
that it put on its mask but to betray the De-
mocracy which it pretended to serve, and it was
enabled to scatter its gratuitous sheets among the
Republicans, first by Federal subscriptions and af-
terwards from the public Treasury, through the
bargain and abuses in regard to the public printing
contrived by the Conservaives and Federalists.
It has no patrons among, the peop'e-no hold in
principles-no character in its Editor to sustain it;
and now this organ of Federal deception and tra-
duction is to be scattered throughout the country
by a new levy of contributions among the office
holders, would-be office holders, and political specu-
lators of thz Federal train-bands. They always
begin this work by charging it as an offence
against their opponents; and hence it is that
Mr. TALIAFERRO sent his circular into his district,
but a short time since, imputing to us the crime of
being supported by a tax on office holds. But the
reader will see, in the letter of JOHN C. CLARK, in
what light Mr. TALIAFERO'S party really consider
the imposition of a tax on office holders for the
support of their paity organ. Mr. CLARK, in his
circular, shows that the whole body of office hold-
ers in Congress on the side of Whigery are turned
into a club, and have not only, as such, "contributed
a central fund," which has been used "to place the
Madisonian on a most respectable footing," but are
levying contributions on their office holders and
partisans all over the Union, for the same purpose
-and this to a prostitute press, beginning with the
most hypocritical cant in favor of the Administra-
tion, and ending in being the falsest and most fla-
grant of all its libellers. It is now "to be placed an
the most respectable footing!"
Mr. CLARK scarcely disguises the mercenary ap.
peal he makes to his fellow political speculators.
We have only to look to his own example for the
explanation of whatever is left ambiguous, in the
following most tempting exhortation:
Think not of the hardness of the times. We shal
be amply repaid for our light sacrifices, in the greatly
increased prosperity consequent upon the expulsion of
the 'Tarquins' fronm the Capitol. We are buoyant
with hope, and rich in expectation of glorious rs-
If the Bank of the United States was now enjoy-
ing the "prosperity" it boasted when certain Con-
servatives visited Philadelphia, and, forsook the
party by whom they were eleted, those to whom
he appeals might indulge the faith he would in-
spire. They might be "buoyant with hope, and rich
in expectation." But as the promised "spoilt" are
only now to be obtained by the surrender of the
Government on the part of the people, to the Bank
speculators for plunder, that hope is of a kind
so long deferred, that Whigery must be too heart-
sick for even Mr. CLARK'S animating zxal to
enliven it.

New Hampshire has addled the egg of amalga-
mation, which the Vice President of the Hatris.
burg Convention (Mr. WILSON) promised would
hatch a wonder for Harrisonism in New England.
Wh'gery and Abolition together, with Mr. WIL-
SON'S oratory, were to make a great revolution for
the certificate hero; and to make matters worse
for the Democracy, as the Federalists Ihought, the

New Hampshire delegation in the House voted
to reject Abolition petitions, which furnished a
pretext to the HARRISON Vice President, to pro-
claim through the State lhat they had violated the
"constitutional right of petition."
Well, we have now the result of all these fortu-
nate conjunctions for Whigery. It turns out that
there is an increase of at least twenty-five p'r cent.
to the great Democratic majority-of last year. It
will be between 8 andJ9000. This proves that the
identification of Federalism with Abolitionism is
gradually adding strength to the true party of the
Constitution. The Abolitionists are deserted by
some honest men of their sect who detest Federal-
ism, and honest Federalists abandon the r political
leaders, rather than embark in a cause which tends
to a dissolution of the Union.
Frcm the north of New York, we have some let-
ters before us which shows that the Democrats
here, as in New Hampshire, will support their re-
presentatives in rejecting the Abolition petitions.-
An influential Republican wries thus to his repre-
sentation in Congress:
"FORT COVINGTON, March 9, 1840.
"My DEAR SIR: 1 assure you that your vote on
on the Whig resolution, rejecting Abolition peti-
titions, is heartily approved of by the Democracy

of Prankli coutly, t o -r' as I hive knowledge.
For myself, I do not perceive howyou could have
voted otherwise, under the circumstance's in which
the House was placed, when that vote was tak n;
for if I understood the situation of the H rs8 a-
the time, the principle of the Patton and Artherton
rest lotions had been voted down: if so, there was
no other altle native but to vote to reject, which,
after all, is the true ground for the Democracy to
occupy on that question You will not lose caste
by that vole; they should have taken the Abolition
bull by the horns, and held the animal up to the
view of the people, who neither fear his horns, his
bellowings, or the dirt he kicks up, whether he
comes by order of the King of England, or by
order of the King of Queens countyy"
Ant their friend writes:
"POTSnDAM, March 9, 1840.
"I have no hesitation in saying, that while I
should have preferred the same disposition of the
Abolition petitions which was made in the House
last year under the Atherton resolutions, yet under
the circumstances existing when the Thompson
resolutions were adopted, I could not have voted
otherwise than as you dii. I should have preferred
the Atherton resolutions, for the reason that their
adoption would have afforded the Wh:gs no new
material for noise and excitemealnt, and not because
I supposed either those or Thompson's were any in-
fringement of the right of petition, or of any provision
of the Constitution."

The Unite] States Gazette promulgates the fol-
lowing oracular encouragement to the worshippers
of i's great patron:
"The Globe makes a loud flourish at the Loco
Foco suerets in New Hampshire, as if any body
dreamt that the Whigs should succeed, or try to
succeed, this spring; it was not looked for-
scarcely wished for; other plans are on foot, and
the Globe might as well huzzI at any unconstiltu-
tional act of the Government as at the Van Buren
suceessin New Hampshire. Both are in the na-
ture of existing things. The remedy for both is
being prepared, and next fall will setle all the dif-
"The other plans on foot," after the experience
Which the people of the United Sta'es have had
in the scheme for plundering and controlling them
whibh have already emanated from Philadelphia,
may well excite some curiosity. It is, however,
the most important feature of these plans, that their
victims are not permitted to learn any thing about
them, except from their destructive influence upon
their means of comfort when carried into opera-
tion. They would bestripped of their injurious in-
fluence by becoming publicly known beforehand.
"The remedy which is being prepared" in the secret
recesses of the Bank of th' Uni'ed States, is
doubtless of the same character as those heretofore
administered from the same laboratory to compel
the people to change their responsible agents, by
"SUFFERINGS" inflicted upon the productive indus-
try. Heretofore they have failed in producing any
important effect, except upon those credulous dupes
who have undertaken to cram them down the
throats of the people. Quacks who swallow their
own medicines are proverbially fools. The
revolution, bloodless as yet," which was brought
into operation by the panic of 1834, mainly in-
jured the dependants of the Bank. The paroxysm
of speculation into which the whole country was
thrown by the unprecedented torrent of paper cur-
rency issued by and through the influence and ex-
ample of the Great Regulator in 1835 and 1836,
was indeed universal in i's destructive effects, as it
gave occasion to the suspension of 1837, and the
consequent stoppage of commercial intercourse
throughout the country. The design of these
"plans" became apparent only when the rallying cry
of paper currency for thepeople and gold and silver for
office holders was -simultaneously raised in every
quarter, for the purpose of exciting the people to
resist the execution of the laws. The merchants
who took the leading part in executing these plans,
were rewarded by measures adopted by the Bank
to destroy them, by monopolizing our great sta-
ples. The autumn of 1839 was signalized by the
achievements of the Bank in elections, a specimen
of which will doubtless be shown in due time by
the country, by the expedients pursued to secure
the return of its favorite NvAYLORa to Congress, in
defiance of the suffrages of the people. The gene-
ral character of these exploits has been fully ex-
hibited to the world in the attempt to seize upon
the government of Pennsylvania by force, in car-
rying out the official notice that "the election will be
treated as though it had never taken place." But the
climax of the destructive schemes of the Bank
was reached in 1839, when the deliberate and
concerted effort was made to ruin all the sound
banks in the United States, and to plunge our ma-
nufactures and commerce into general confusion.
When its plans had been secretly carried out by
the sale of post notes and foreign exchange at
tempting rates for several months, and many mil-
lions of gold and silver had been drawn from the
banks and exported, the Pennsylvania election ar-
rived, and its grand plan was at once developed.
The Bank stopped payment, and endeavored to
compel all the 'other banks to follow its example.
Throughout a large portion of the Union, the evils
inevitable from the absence of a sound circulating
medium were renewed. The productive interests
of the country were subjected to vast sacrifices for
the purpose of re-eatablishing the political capital
of bankrupt politicians.
With reward to any body's dreaming that tfle
Whigs wotld succeed, or try to succeed, this spring," in
the New Hampshire election, we are informed from
an undoubted source, that several manufacturers
in that Stale, who have been swindled of great
sums by the profligate management of the Bank,
manifested the most disinterested devotion to its
political plans by endeavoring to dragoon the ope-
ratives in their employment to vote against the Ad-
ministration candidates. No doubt the Bank ma-
nagers have been greatly encouraged to adopt
other plans" by such loyal subservience, in
spite of being shaved to the tune often or twenty
per cent. by Philadelphia financierirg. Whether
Ihese managers can securely depend upon the
continuaics of this suicidal course on the part
of ihe manufacturers and great corporations,
remains to be seen. "The other plans on
foot," if carried out, unless we wholly mis-
understand them, must involve property and
industry to a far greater extent than any of the
disastrous experiments of the Bank since 1834.

Feeling a strong desire that all the great inte-
rests of the country may co-operate within their
proper spheres in promoting the general prospe-
rity, we hope individuals concerned in the ma-
manufacturing and banking corporations will
soberly deliberate upon the consequences, before
they make common cause with the Bank of the
United States in the continuance of its warfare
upon the people of the Union. "The other plans
on foot" are doubtless like those plans from the
same quarter, of which the country has had so
much dear bought experience.

This State was carried for the Democracy, by
the reaction against Whigerv in Sussex. The
signs there are favorable for another triumph,which
will give us the Senator.
Extract from a letterjust received from Sussex by a
member of Congress.
Old Sussex is erect; no disaffectiou creeps into
our ranks here, nor does any exist. If I were to
undertake to describe our prospects, the niost
glorious picture I could draw would far short of
the truth. The tide in our affairs seems to have
been taken at the flood,for it certainly is leading on
the most glorious victory. Every man of us will
' come up to the rack, fodder or Ao fodder.'"

tt ItiarT oe PTintov. by C. COL'TON, 41t1t
of Four Years tin Great Britain, tic.
This pamphlet is written with much candor and
ability. It embraces a broad and practical view
of the right of petition, and presents the main
points of the question in a clear anL.I strong light. It
exposes the absurdity of the ultrai, dJi..pates the
distempered dreams of the fanatic, and fortifies
those principles which'plant themselves in the
common sense of mankind. The calmness of its
tone, the elevation of its spirit, with the clearness
and force of its thoughts, must commend it strongly
to the attention of the general reader.

ZANESVILLE, (0.) March 14, 1840.
Extra:t from a letter, dated
I have just witnessed the largest Democratic
meeting that was ever held in Zanesville: the c..urt-
house was filled to overflowing, and many, vvr)
many, could not get in. We passed a pr-amt.le
and resolutions of a spirited kind, all of which
will cheer your heart, and impart new vigor into
you:. bosom. I never was so elated to see that the
Democracy is determined upon doing their duty.
It is decreed that old Muskingum will this fall be
herself once more.
Mr. BLAIR: The following letter is taken from the
New York Herald of the 29th ult. It will ba re-
collected that when the Philadelphia banks stopped
payment, at the instigation of the Pennsylvania
Bank of the United States, they were all extremely
anxious that the Eastern banks should play the
same insolvent game, so that it might not be mani-
fest that they were the only bankrupt institutions
north and east of the Delaware. But the bankers
of New York were not bankrupt; and they were
unwilling to declare themselves insolvent, even
through courtesy; consequently the example of Phi-
ladelpLia, with a trifling exception, has, not been
followed by any of the banks of New York or New
England. Now, what do we find to be the result
of the Philadelphia manceuvre?
We have seen one individual reported a debtor
to the Bank of the United States for more than six
hundred thousand dollars, with which he had spe-
culated in beef, and raised its price so high in Phi-
ladelphia, Baltimore, Washington, &e. &c. that
poor people were literally denied the uwe of it.
Other speculators had purchased up pork, with
borrowed bank paper, irredeemable, so that for a
time pork seemed, in the opinion of these worthies,
to be too good for poor people. Butter, too, was
bought up with bank rags, and many had to seek
a substitute for it. Wheat, also, was monopolized.
In one case it was stated that a single miller had
borrowed, from a bank, four hundred thousand
dollars, and by this, and kindred operations, poor
people could scarcely get as much bread from the
baker for ten cents, as they had purchased for six
cents, before the monopoly was effected, or in ope-
rati-n. And so of various other productions,
clas-ed among the necessaries of life. The salt
documents explain the salt monopoly.
Then specie was required to pay oar foreign
creditors, because the great regulator at Philadel-
phia had declared that our first obligation is due to
foreign creditors; and this was considered .'ound
morality, and a sufficient excuse by the banks, ge-
nerally, lor ruining domestic creditors! Our work-
men must stand still, to enable these bankers to
send out our means to keep foreign workmen em-
plo yed!
Anon we are told, in a tone of exultation, by
the Whig presses, that the manufacturers are dis
charging their workmen; and the reason assigned
for this is the want of the very regulator that has
produced the mischief!! We did not find, how-
ever, after the first suspension, that importation of
foreign goods were diminished; there was specie
enough to pay any balances for them-but the do-
mestic manufacturer must put up with depreciated
paper until his profits are nearly absorbed by dis-
counts, and this even after long credits: hismachine-
ry is worn out in unprofitable service; and his
workmen are emigrating in quest of employment
that will afford subsistence for their families.
It is stated in the paper from which I copied it,
that the letter "was answered by the Philadelphia
banks'in no other way than by a simple acknow-
ledgment of its receipt. They carefully kept it
from the Philadelphia public, lest it might open
their eyes to the monstrous fraud they are endea-
voring to perpetuate!!"
GENTLEMEN: The subscribers, agents for the sale
of Amer can manufactured goods, and others in-
terested therein, beg leave to represent to you the
severe losses which we are sustaining in conse-
quence of the suspension of specie, payments by
the banks of Philadelphia.
At the time of the suspension, on the tenth day
of October, we held contracts, arising out of the
sale of our manufactures to individuals of your
city, to a very large amount, payab'e at dif-
ferent periods, according to the system of long
credits, to which we have been compelled to
accede. The notes and drafts arising out of
these contracts have, for the most part, been
discounted by our banks, in the expectation of their
being paid, according to their tenor, in sPictn, or a
currency representing specie. When the banks of
Philadelphia suspended payments in specie, it be-
came a question whether these notes and drafts
should be allowed to bh protested for non-payment,
and return upon us as they fell due, or whether we
should authorize the banks to receive the Philadel-
phia currency on our account, with our guarantee
against the loss which might arise on it. We had
no hesitation in deciding upon the latter course. So
far as oar banks are concerned, we could make no
objection to their requisition. There was no rea-
son why they should not require from us the same
currency which they had paid to us when the paper
was discounted, and which, by irs negotiation, we
had guarantied to them, It is, therefore, apparent
that the suspension of the Philadelphia banks throws
upon us a direct lost to the extent of the depreciation
on the currency of your bank notes.
It is now two months since the suspension, du-
ring which the depreciation has varied from eight to
fifteen per cent. a direct loss to that per ceniage
upon the whole amount of our contracts falling due
during this period.
We are not disposed to go into an examination
of the cueston, whether the banks of Philadelphia
were justifiable in suspending specie payments, but
suppose it will be admitted by all, that its conti-
nuance should be limited by its absolute necessity.
The losses wh~ch this measure is now inflicting
upon us can be palliated upon no other supposition.
Our object, therefore, in addressing you, is to in
quire how long this state of things is to continue.
We make this inquiry under a full belief that you
yourselves are hardly aware of the injury which
this measure, apparently so popular in ymur city,
is daily inflicting upon us. We cannot believe that
there is any good reason why a resumption should
not take place immediately. The experience of
New York and Boston is conclusive, that all diffi-
culty in maintaining specie payments has cease.
The foreign exchanges have reached the point at
which no inconvenient drain of specie for export is
required by the natural operations of trade. Why,
then, should not Philadelphia resume? It is repre-
sented that your banks retain their usual quantity
of specie. The banks of New York and Boston

are abundantly supplied, and have no wish to in-
crease their stock. They can have no motive to
call upon you for specie, provided you restore your
currency to the specie basis.
Booton and Philadelphia are connected by the
strongest ties of mutual interest. We furnish
the manufactures which Philadelphia has been
in the habit of distributing through a large
portion of the United Stales. We wish to
continue this trade, so mutually beneficial; but it is
apparent that it will be impossible for us to do so,
whilst it is so uncertain what will be the value
of the currency in which we shall be paid, and
which uncertainty will make it impossible for us
to negotiate the paper growing out of the transac-
tions. We, therefore, fully believe that it is essen-
tial to the best interests of Philadelphia, that she
should resume specie payments without delay. We
believe she can do it with little or no inconveni-
Should any apprehension be felt on acer unt of
the balances now due, or falling due in this'city,
we have no hesitation in saying that an extension
can be arranged on the most liberal terms.
We would also suggest, as an additional motive,
the force of your example, and the effect it will ne-
cessarily have in restoring our currency, and with it
our trade, through the whole region of the South
and West.
In conclusion, we would express our earnest
hope, that you will, at least, without much delay,
fix absolutely the period in which resumption shall
take place.

10 TH EDITOR 6# TS 1111LO,9
March 21, 1840.
SiR: By inserting the following communication,
you will peitform a n2aet of justice to an insulted ia-
dividuil. Respectfully,
SIR: On the 1st of February, 1840, 15th and
291h ot ihe same month, I received, under cover of
your frank, three Madisonian papers of the above
dates, and a valedictory of the honorable H. L
White. These papers came to me under your
franking privilege. Is it not a most shameful
abuse of your privilege, to frank such miserable,
6lse, and ridiculous papers as the Madisonian
and the letter of H. L. White, as] public docu-
ments? You must labor under a very great mis-
take, if you can, for one moment, suppose that any
individual of the Buck-eye State can, or will,
swallow such miserable humbugs. No, sir; it may
answer some depraved Whig appetite, who is ac-
cutuim-nd to nothing in the shape of truth. Ican-
nrat force myself into a belief that a gentleman
would send an individual, whom he never saw,
such trash, unless it was for the purpose of insult-
ing his understanding. I will not consume any
more time on the subje-t with you, but will close
by informing you, that should I receive any more
of them from you, I will send them to the Speaker
of the House, with a request that that body may
take action on it.
I wold be thankful to you if you wonld give my
compliments to the honorable ChrLs'opher Morgan,
for franking to me the "outlines of the life and
public services, citil and military, of William
Henry Harri.on, of Ohio;" and that if be shoutl
send another, I would sincerely wish he would
send me a copy containing the truth, the who'e
truth, and nothing but the truth, as the one he sent
me does not contain any. Also, that history af
fords to me a sufficiency of the civil and military
services of General Harrison, to justify m- to
vote for Martin Van Buren.
Muskingum co. (O.)March 14, 1840k
SIR: By inserting the following communication,
you will oblige us. We have no acquaintance
with either you or the person to whom our commu-
nication is addressed; but the matter will explain
itself. Respectfully,
Sia: Some time since we received, under cover
of your frank, a document, entitled "Letter of the
Hon. John C. Clark of New York to his constittu-
ents, on the necessity of efficient political action
and organization" This John C. Clark is, I un-
derstand, a turn-coat Democral; or what, in fash-
ionable parlance, is termed a Conservative.
You, we understand, are the Representative of
the Hartford Convention District, in the Slate of
Connecticut. Ominous union! The Hartford
conventionists and the Conservatives of 1839!!
It is not our purpose, at present, to lecture you
on the impropriety of thus abusing your privilege
as a member of Congress by franking into a dis-
tant State from your residence such miserable,
senseless, false, and slanderous articles as the letter
of John C. Clark; nor to put the query to you
how you can conscientiously construe such a con-
cern isto a public document. A discussion of
these matters would, we fear, be lost upon
you; for we cannot c.'ncive that a man of
a nice sense of honer would send to individuals
he never saw, of whom he knows nothing, pa-
pers so false in every particular, and so con-
temptible in their matter and manner. Why, there
is not a wooden clock pedler in the West,who hails
from Yankee land, but can beat this pot.r and
puerile effort of the two champions of Hartford
Convention Federalism and Tallmadge Conserva-
But, sir, we'do not intend to spend much time
upon you. Oar only object in writing is, to request
you to keep your miserable sang for your own
From the Albany Argus.
That the Federal members of Congress are ex-
ceedingly industrious in flooding the country with
the Madisonian and other political pub ications, has
been long known. How they have performed this
service in past years, is also well known; and how
they propose to perform it now, and to replenish
the "Central Fund," wilt be learned from the fol-
lowing letter, from the Hon. John C. Clark, mem-
ber of Congress from the Chenango district of
this State-a Conservative adjunc' of the Federal
party, who, finding that the Democrats were desti-
tute of that important stimulant to patriotism and
fidelity, a "Central Fund," either at Washington
or Philadelphia, deserted the political friends by
whom he had been elected, and has since per-
formed service where doubtless, through ihese
"central" aids, he has realized the truth of Mr.
Bloodgood's intimation, that in certain quarters,
partisans (including apostates of course and par-
ticularly) were better paid than in others.
So long as the Bank was in the field, seeking the
renewal of its charter through subsidies of the press
and largesses to members of Congress, these ex-
penses, and the support of newspaper establish-
ments requiring eleemosynary aid, were included
among the incidental expenses of that virtuous and
honest institution. A capitation tax, or a general
contribution or levy upon the Federalists, through-
out the Union, was not required, since the burden of
supplying the "Central Fund" for the uses of defi-
cient members, and the circulation of party "intel-
ligence," was thrown upon the stockholders of the
Bank, of which the United States was one to a large
amount It was their privilege, in those palmy
days, to "loot the bill," and keep the "Central
Fund" constantly replenished. In addition to this
source of revenue, the contract between the Madi-
sonian, the offspring of apostacy, and the National
Intelligence, an establishment owned and con-
-trolled by the Bank, threw in the large means de-
rived from the public printing, an amount swollen
to an unprecedented sum by the efforts of the com-
bined factions to sustain presses, and reward in-
struments from the public purse. These sources,
however, having been measurably dried up, the
Mad'sonian and the Intelligencer, by a joint com-
pact, such as that by which the Federal member
from the Niagara district of this State sought to re-
vive, through General Green and the National In-
telligencer, bing no longer in possession of the
printing for the House, and the Bank being literally
hers du combat, the patriotic commissioners or keep-
ers of the Central Cotruption Fund appeal to their
partisans far and near, through such missiles as we
- quote below.
Bat ,the specific object of this movement is to
sustain the .Madisonian. This rickety offspring of
Conservative Federalism-started in deception-
professing "unchanged" Democracy, and yet
league, body and soul, at the moment, with the
enemies of the Democracy-can no longer sustain
itself. It demands the contributions of the Fede-
ral friends of the Bank. Its godfather boldly
avows that it must be sustained from the Corrup-
tion Fund. Surely that fund could be put to more
appropriate uses. But we shall see how far the
contributors will allow Mr. John C. Clark, and the
conductor of the eleemosynary Madisonian, to dis-
pose of their party offerings as they may conceive
will best subserve their interests, even though they
promise to reward them with copies of the Madiso-
nian under frank !

But there is a moral in all this-corrupt as the
design is-which we trust will not be lost upon the
Republicans of the Union. And the remark is ap-
plicable particularly to Democratic members of
Congress. They cannot be ignorant of the great
efforts of the Federal members, and the activity
with which they are put forth. They must not
shut their eves to the fact, that these require coun-
teracting efforts-not through the agency of a Cen-
tral Corruption Fund, i or by ar-p as to sustain
those through whose instrumentality it has been
drawn from its party contributors, and by whom if
not upon whom it will be expended: but by a vigi.
lant discharge of their duty as Representatives-
by the free circulation of the pab'ic documents,
and the speeches of Democratic members-by the
active and untiring dissemination of truth as the
true corrective of falsehood and error.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 18,1840.
DEAR sIR: I enclose prospectus for Madisonian,
circular, and sample of paper. The members of
Congress, feeling the deep importance of a general
diffusion of political information, have CONTRI-
BUTED, to the utmost of their ability, to a "CEN-
crease it to an amount required by the wants of the
whole community. We wish to devote it exclu-
sively to the publication of political tracts, pam-
phlets, lives of Harrison, &e. for gratuitous dis-
tribution. For the purpose of placing the Madisonian
on the mount respectable footing, we are compelled for
the present to use a portion of it.
We hope that the patriotic liberalit! f our

friends in tho nuntry, by subterlptions to that pa-
per and to the fund generally, will enable us to re-
imburse it. If so, we shall employ some able
writer of political tracts, &c. The tax on each
Whig member of Congress, in supplying his own
district, is not light. It is cheerfully borne; but
it must be remembered that one-half of the dis-
tricts are represented by Loco Foco members.
These should be supplied. Every friend of his de-
graded country will give something, even should it
demand a curtailment of the ncessaries of life,
to expel fiom power the men who so shamelessly
abuse it. The Madisonian is the cheapest paperin
the country. Ten dollars subscribed by a "club,"
give six weekly papers, and six copies of all
pamphlets published by the committee. What a
trifle! It is to be hoped that every town will form
these clubs. These six papers, with little trouble,
could pass through many hands. This is the last
chance of reform Think not of the hardness of
the times. We shall be amply repaid for our light
sacrifices in the greatly increased prosperity conse-
quent upon the expulsion of the "rarquins" from
the Capitol. We are buoyant with hope and rich
in expectation of glorious results. But we must
be vigilant and relax no effort. We are contend-
ing with an enemy abounding in the means of cor-
ruption, and disposed to use Ithem to perpetuate is
power. The Republic expects every man to do hi,
duty. Let it be done, and victory will perch upon
the banner of the Constitution.
Please return the prospectus as soon a; conve-
nient, and the paper will be forwarded UYDER
FRA.NK. Please also give names in the different
towns to whom pamphlets, &c. may be usefully di-
recteld. Your obedient servant,

Every one has hoard the proverb, that "Birds o1
a feather will flock togetherr" but the Whig party
of the present day makes it very clear that the
maxim does not hold good in all respects in refe-
rence to politicians.
'I he heterogeneous combination of the odds and
ends of defeated factions of every hue, together
with disappointed, ambitious politicians, aristo-
cratic Federalists, American and British Aboli-
tionists, &c. &c. that have flocked together at the
present day, can exhibit every variety of political
plumage. In one sense, however, ihe maxim still
holds good in regard to them; they have a feather
in common, but only one, namely: determined hos-
tility to the Government of their country.
The amalgamated composition, and variegated
aspect, of this political flock, may probably ac-
count, in some degree, for the gross inconsistencies
and absurdities they run into in attempting to op-
pose the salutary measures of the Government.
Take, for instance, the following: It is a favorite
theme with many of their leading prin's and ora-
tots to declaim against a hard money currency, on
the ground that it will, by making labor cheap, as
they call it, greatly increase the profits of the
planters; and, in the same breath, they attempt to
excile the hostility of the laboring classes, by as-
setting that a hard money currency will diminish
their earnings.
Here is a gross'absuidity, for the interests of the
planters and the laboring classes throughout the
country are identical in regard to wages.
At the South, the planter owns his laborers and
their earnings. Their earnings constitute his in-
come. If, therefore, his income is increased, must
it not arise from an increase of those earnings of
his laborers? And is it not perfectly plain to any
one with half an eye, that if the planter's laborers
can clear more for him, that other laborers can
c'ear morefor themselves?
The above is only a sample of tLe absurd trash
that the cameleon party are attempting to palm off,
with a view to defeat the measures before Con-
gress, the object of which is to change the currency
of the country to money, instead of the rags and
printed falsehoods, promising to pay, that we now
have to receive as the price of our labor.
From the Louisville Public advertiser.
We find in a late New Orleans Commercial
Bulletin the following remarks, in relation to the
exposed condition of the frontier of Louisiana:
"The exposed condition of "our frontier setsle-
ments on ihe West, has attracted the notice of the
Legislature of the State. No little apprehension
has for some time bean felt for the safety of the
parishes near the Texan boundary. The adjacent
wilderness is occupied by turbulent tribes, smarting
from the infliction of fancied wrongs, and thirsting
for revenge against the white men, who have driven
them from their homes East of the Mississippi into
the wilderness and wild exile. At present the fron-
tier of Louisiana is in a de'eccrless state. Alongits
whole extent there is not a garrison capable of op-
posing the march of a thousand savages. In case
of an invasion, the only reliance of the settlers
would be upon their own resources. The militia
of the country are, no doubt, capable of defending
themselves, if properly organized, and prepared for
hostilities. But the onsets of the Indians are always
sudden. Their plan of warfare is to take the
enemy by surprise; and, alter having spread havoc
and massacre through the settlement, to fly and
make their escape, before the inhabitants have an
opportunity to assemble a sufficient force to pursue
them. On that account a regular garrison is
needed, which can furnish troops ready for sudden
emergencies: The process of assembling militia is
slow and difficult. It takes time to complete their
organization; and, in the meanwhile, the enemy
may do all the mischief, and fly beyond reach. For
this reason, and others that might be mentioned,
the establishment of a strong military post on Red
Rivqr, in the vicinity ef Alexandria, becomes a
matter of no small importance."
We are astonished to find the Bulletin contend-
ing for the establishment of additional military
posts, when Mr. Clay is calling on the Senate for a
material reduction of the regular army, notwith-
standing the Florida war and the warlike disposi-
tion manifested by the Indians on our whole west-
ern and northwestern fiontier. That the danger to
which the Buhetin refers is not magnified, we readi-
ly admit, and we applaud the Legisla'ure of Loui-
siana for calling the attention of their representa-
tives to it. Tney are Whigs, and instead of endea-
voring to prepare for the defence of their cost tu-
ents, have probably been joining in the cry: "Li!
the poor Indian!" and endeavoring to make politi-
cal capital out of the circumstance of the employ-
ment of bloodhounds in Florida. Even Mr. Rice
Garland, though his constituents are menaced wilh
the tomakawk and scalping knife, seems to have
been so much engrossed in supporting the glorious
cause of Whigery, as to be unable to think, even
for a day, of the dangers which surround his own
fireside. Instructions from the Legislature to such
gentlemen may cause them to remember that they
were sent to Washington for other purposes than
papers suffer more from the irregularities of the
mails than any other alass of people. But, much
as we are vexed at our present grievances, we can-
not attach blame to any one, so general has been
the sweeping away of bridges, and so almost im-
passable have become our roads. Between here
and Peoria, there is not a bridge remaining. The
contractors on that route have been necessitated to
build a ferry across the O'Plain at their own ex-
pense, before they could pass it. Between here
and Galena, there is no bridge, except at Elgin.
lBelow St. Charles, all the bridges and uhe dams at
Aurora, Oswego, and Green's Mills, are gone. On
the Milwaukie road, the ground is much overflowed,
and several horses have been drowned, and a num-

ber of persons narrowly escaped. The fact is,
more snow fell this winter than was ever known
before, and the weather has been full as cold. The
falling of our late heavy rains upon this mass of
snow and ice could not but be expected to do much
damage. Whilst such general suffering pervades
the country in consequence of this state of ihii-,
it would be very ungenerous in us to censure the
contractors for irregularities which we bave no
doubt the Department itself will consider unavoid-
able.-Chicago Morning Democrat of .Mareh 4.
Is the title of a weekly quarto publication, devotedd
to the support of the Democratic principles of Jeffer-
son," edi ed by an association of Republicans, and
issued from the office of the Richmond Enquirer.
It will be printed upon a new type, at $1, until
after the Presidential campaign. It will be, judg-
ing from the specimen number, and judging also
from the character of every thing emanating from
the head quarters of the Democracy of Virginia,
an able and spirited publication, of gieat value at
the present crisis." We shall be happy to re-
ceive subscriptions for this timely publication;
giving the Republicans of this State the assurance,
at the same time, that although far (ff, its content,
will come home to them in principle and feeling.
[Albany Jrgus.

the constitution by a judicious ts of Dr. Phelps's
Tomato Pills;. .

March 7, 1840.
abstractt from the journal of the. week ending this day.
South Mi 1-', Camden co. N. C.
Twelve Mile, Pickens dist. S. C.
Planters', Aita'a co. Miss.
Santangy, Crawford Co. 0.
Burton, Parke co. Ia.
Oneco, Stephenson co. Ill.
Cooke's Corners, Erie co. 0.
Plea'ant Gap, Pittsylvania co. Va.
Donnelsville, Clark co. 0.
Three Fturk, Monongalia co. Va.
Parsons' Mills, Guilford co. N. C.
Fancy Hill, Ire.lell co. N. C.
Chunalauska. Floyd co. Ga.
Enech, Monroe co. 0.
Middle Moun'ain, Botetourt co. Va.
Lebanon, Searcy co. Ark.
Shocco, Oktibbehah co. Miss.
Farrowton, Putnam co. Ia.
Marion, Linn co. Iowa Ty.
Pequot, Calumet co Wise. Ty,
Union, Rock go. Wise. Ty.
Fayette Hill, Simpson co Mi's.
Kinniconick, Lewis co. Ky.
Edmeston Manor, Otsego go. N. Y.
Coloctin, Crawford co. Ark,
Fort Dale, Butler co. Al.
Kendallville, Jefferson co. Al.
Cottonville, Marshall co. A'.
Shady Grove, Benton co. Al.
Rocky Mount, Autauga co. Al.
Double Springs, Cherokee co. Al.
Cedarville, Muscatine co. Iowa Ty.
Corowaugh, Isle of Wight co. Va.
Ukriok's Mil's, Tuscarawas co. 0. to Uhr.clhs-
Columbus Corners, Chenango co. N.Y. to South
Edmeston, Otsego co.
Rock Hall, Kent co. Md. to Eastern Neck.
Marshall Parks, jr. South Mills, Camien co.
North Carolina.
John W. Myton, McAlevy's Fort, Huntingdoa
co. Pa.
Jonathan Goudy, Franklin, Baltimore co. Md.
William H. Blakely, Ewington, Effingham co.
James L. Fox, South Edmneston, Olsego co.
New York.
James H. Ambler, Twelve Mile, Pickens dist.
South Carolina.
Alanson Nash, Planter's, Attala co. Miss.
Wi liam Snyder, Olantangy, Crawford co. 0.
Jo-ephus Burton, Burton, Park co. Ia.
John K. Brewster, Oneco, Stephenson co. Ill.
Belcher W. Tyler, Alexander, Washington co.
John A. Bailey, Tutlley Valley, Onondaga co.
John Fitzgerald, New Sweden, Clinton co, N. Y.
Lyman Woodworth, Peru, Clinton co. N. Y.
John Watt, Carlisle Springs, Cumberland co.
George W. Paddock, Ruggles, Huron co. 0.
Alexander S. Palmer, Brooklyn Cuyahoga co.
Simeon A. Bagley, West Liberty Muacatne co.
Daw Higley, Buffalo Grove, Ogle co. III.
Thomas Dickey, Fairfield, Jefferson co. Iowa
Samuel H. Row, Port Hudsun, E. Feii,.ia# par,
Charles C. Horton, Raleigh, Smith co. Miss.
Thomas Palmer, Charli.tte, Dickson ca-Te.
Robert C. Nabb, Paradi.a, Ctles aw IL
Ambrose Laceur, Boi.leauz, Avoylles par.
Jeremiah Andrews, Noble C. H. Noble co. la.
Cornelius S. Whitney, Chester, Randolph co.
Angus W. Ayres, Lexington, Holmes co. Miss.
Julius Jackson. Bassvile, Madison co. Miss.
Henry Bull, North Hebroa, Washington co.
New York.
Ransom Fisk, Dunstable, Middlesex co. Mass.
Edward Richards, New Middletown, Columbi-
ana co. Ohio.
Patrick McDowell, Centretown, M-.">er co. Pa.
Appleton H. Butterworth, Cowder port, Potter
co. Pennsylvania.
Lester Vandercook, Cooke's Corners, Erie co.
Peter R. Bailey, Pleasant Gap, Pit'sylvania co.
Benjamin D. Hubbard, Donnelsville, Clarke co.
Abner C. Smith, Mount Clemens, Macomb co.
Benjamin Collier, Prospect Riere. Pike co. Al.
William A. Andrews, MoUnt Jefferson, Ciant.
bersco. Alabama.
Washington S. Murphy, Cyprees,'Datrlington
district, South Carolina.
Joseph Brisbois, Prarie DuChien, Orawfurdco.4
Wisconsin Territory. .,
Thomas Green, Green Bay, Bro.wn co. Wis. Ty.
Marcus R. Haskins, Uhricksville, Tuscarawas
co. Ohio.
Isaiah Ashley, Eastern Neck, Kentco. Md.
Joseph Parrill, Three Fork, Mononugalia co. Va
Frederick Elliott, Parson's Mills, Guilford co.
North Carolina.
James Mears, Fancy Hill, Iredell co. N. C.
Joseph J. Price, Chunalauska, Floyd co. Ga.
John Libby, North Prospec', Waldo co. Me.
Thomas F. Robinson, Freedom, Beaver c i. Pa.
Winslow M. BurJick, Point Peninsula, Jeffer-
son co. N. Y.
L. M. Lawson, May's Lick, Mason co. Ky.
Jacob P. Downing, Washington, Mason co. Ky.
Thomas Ingles, Augusta, Bracken co. Ky.
William Turner, Candia, Rockingham co. N.H.
John Udell, Enoch, Monroe co. 0.
Stewart Rowan, Middle Mountain, Boletourt co.
Thomas H. Boyce, Lebanon, Searcy co. Ark.
Thomas J. Moore, Shocco, Oktibbehah co.
M ississippi. '
Alexander S. Farrow, Farrowton, Pttnani co. Ia.
Luman M. Strong, Marion, Linn co. IowaTy.
Thomas Commuck, Pequot, Calumet co. Wise.
Samuel Lewis, Union, Rock co. Wise. Ty.
Lewis Babcock, Ware, Hamshire co. Mass.
Robert Clark, Clark's Ferry, Perry co. Pa.
Samuel Satterly, Lawrenceville, Tioga co. Pa.
William Ed wards, Russell's, Craven co. N. C.
Archibald F. Murphy, Gravelly Hill, Bladen co.
North Carolina.
Wade H. Sale, Walkerton, King and Queen co.
Lorenzo D. Eadimaa, Burlington, Racine co.
Wisconsin Territory.
Booker Foster, Albertson, Tippah co. Miss.
Henry N. Rayburn, Coffeeville, YallabushA co.
William Guerrant, Birch Pond, Fayette co. Te.
Pliny Pearce, Manetoowoc, Manetoowoc co.
Wisconsin Territory.
Ralph Austin has been convicted of having
robbed the Express Mail between Elyton and
Montgomery, Alabama, on the 8th day of April

Finrs imposed, and deductions made, from the pay of
contractors, for the week ending the 7th March,
Fines : 1,089
Deductions 320


gestion and Dietetics will be given to-mor-
row (Friday.) evening, in the vestry in the rear of
10th street Church, at half-past seven o'clock. Ad-
mittance e5 cents, to be paid at the door.
March 19

PRIVATE SAL1.-At private sale, lots
No; 3 and 5in quaree No. 558. Upon lot No. 3,
there is a very neat and ciml'oriatle frame dwel-
ling, wih 1 *o rooms and passage on the lower
floor, and three chamber,; up siairs, aad on lot No.
5, there is a, comfortable two story brick house,
with two rooms and passage on each floor. Both
of these houseS have recently undergone a tho-
rough repar,pamnng, &c. and are now int complete
,rlr. The grounds are substantially enclosed.
The place is admirably calculated for a market
gar.len, having been arranged and cultivated ai
uch If r the last two il three years. Grapes, rasp-
berries, and strawberries are on it, of the best kind.
The propertty will besold separately, or together.
For terms and conditions apply on the premises or
to me. EDW. DYER,
March 18 Auctioneer.

LIST OF LETTERS B LffIh S INDIAN HAI OIL-This ae6- 16 HE INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS.- Poo Orp t D Altm oW, rr:niing, ire, as far, a ppliable, to be ncorpO- O R IB U"ft. ,
wemaitning In the Office. Washingitcn City, Toad John Payne Thompson Mrs. _K" get article has been in general use for thr t This eii-aordinary medicine is a Pergatve _Mareli M840 rat<,d into the contract for istaionrry.
March 15, I<0. Tod t William H. Tubman Peter D. last ten years ard the conuim ell demand for it is Medicine se,,justly balanced, and withal lo natural p ROPOSALS FOR PRINTING, BINDING, The bids for paper must give th prices per
U:J.persons inquiring for IL-ters in the f0llowiog Thomas Francis Thruston CadetGeo. au evidence that its good qualities are duly appre- 1o the human constitution, that theycapnot possibly P. AND STATIONERY. leamexcept >rpeinganddrawingpaper,whichth r ut
lst, %ill please say they are adverted. Ihom as M Is. Mitry Annthompoo John ciaied. The \mni.\n HAIR OIL is highly recom- injurcevtn .he MOb.liriaie.alie'ame i'-uied PRINT|"G. be PIced by he quire or sheet. Prices mugt re v^he~ -- csiu dP
A. Thompson J. : on *' T .or A. F\imended for nourishing and strengthening the hair, in such a maGt net a; to prodluce free dvacuaii,.s y Sealed proposals wit I be received at the Postt annexed to every itemi contained in c the advertise A FIRST RATE S[EAMBOAT wll lear
Auld HenryA. Audubon: J. J. Thomas Mrs. Amelia and preveniiug it from falling out or turning gray, t, ihe bowels, it is absolutely impossible for pain ir Officn Department unltl the 31st March inst. for the t ment.i he lower ed of Spear's wharf, Blimoie,
Acosta Domingo Anderson Mrsm U. giving it strength and causing it luxuriantly to grow, distress, of any kind, to continue long in the body. following descriptions of Printing to be executed The contracts for printing, binding, and station ovel il loWs and Crad mc.rTlg,
Addison John Ashton Mrs. Mary Upshur John even on bald places where the roots of the hair The reason is plain: tmey cleanse the system of when ordered at any time prior to the lit day of ry, will be let separately to the lowest bidder, pro- le concts w hrt0 ot Rnd the s
Anderson Leonard J. 3 Ambuh Mrs. Henrietta V. have not been de-troyed. T"hs oil removes the ihose humors which are opposed to healh,anrl May, 1841, viz.: i perlY vouched Rcording to law.
Armstead Miss Caroline Alexander Charles A. Vonsmith P. Venanda;Aaron dandruff, and gives a glossy softness to the locks therefore invalids may use them with a certainty of Blanks and circulars, not over one page, og n peonIcase any of the articles furnished shall be n James rie bo' for Pei urg and Rchmond.
Armstrong Samuel W. Alexander Oscar Vanhart Capt. Van Wick Barlow truly beautiful. It has also singular pr,.pei~i always obtaining relief, and persevere in the use of quarto post paper, in the judgment of the Superinto dent inferior to This is he oo f,0l' ute goin South.
Adams Richard Ashmeade John W. Vansantvoid Alfred of making light or red hair, whiskers, and eye- them, with an equal certainty of being cured. Same, over one and not over two pages, the specimen, the Department reserves the right to ,. it wI be te e ;ostsy "h p to
Anderson Capt. R. 2 Ander-on Mrs. Eleanor W. brows, several shades darker in color. It i- plea- In all disordered motions of the blood, called In Same, over two and not over three, purchase of others for its immediate use, charging s t r l e ltaol, ,ha Jn twe four yca
Adams Miss ArM H. AldenLt. B. Wade John K. Wa'ker S.D. .santly perfumed for dressing the hair in general, termittent, Remittent, Nervous, Inflammatory, and Same, ruled and figured. any surplus of cost over the contract price to th e ther lfe no in h ben uost*
B. Wipe Charles L. 2 Walcott Saml. B. and for keeping it in curl it is much esteemed. Putrid Blanks and circulars, on foolscap paper, of one, contractor. nor W. ha, Agent.
Brown Mies Mary Bowling John Wood Win. Wimselt James Price 50 cents. FEVERS, two, and three pages, as above; ats luled and The lowest bidders will be ascertained as follows F i W BN e
Bruce Cornelia A. Bard. n Henry White Thos. B. Whitney Reuben M. ROMAN KALYDOR. The Indian Vegetable Pills will be found a certain figured. viz: before the bids are opened, the Department
Brown Miss Harriet Bartley Mies Ann Walts Mrs. Sarah Ann Washburne E. B. For removing Pimples, Freckles, Tan, Sunburn, remedy; because they cleanse the Stomach and Mail contracts, on folio post paper, three pages. willestemnae, as accurately as practicable, the NOTICE
Bell John Bayly Win. E. Wagoner An hony Wilson Noah L. Blotches, Redness of the Skin, Morphew, Tetter, Bowel.; of all bilious matter, and purify the blood; ,"ame, do. do. four pages, quantity of printing. binding and stationery of 1 1 1 The Stmboat PHOENIX
Belle Stein A. Bowers Shinan Williams Edward S. Wagler Mrs. Catharine Ringworm, and other obstinate cutaneout affec- Col,-,,quenily, as they remove the cause of every Blanks for "mails received" on small royal pa- ch description advertised for which will be will make fer trips aday be.
Behr Baron de Burnley Albert T. Williams John F. Warfield (Chas. A. tions, this is a safe and certain preparation, and givE k,, ,d ol disease, they are absolutely certain to cure per, both sides ruled, wanted during the year. These quantities will be tesn Washmntn,n and AIeT.
Boyle James Beiksiresur Rev. Gco. Waller A.B. 2 Williams Amanda a clearnea-s to the skin truly beautiful. No lal3's. elcry kind.l Fever. Same for "mails sent," do. do. do. multiplied by the prices contained in the bids, and andria, on and after he fct
Broom Mrs. Catharine Barney W C. Y. toilet should be without it. So also when morbid humors are deposited upon Same for "mails received" for distributing offices, the products added together. That bid whih as follows
BriggS. S. Bonaparte J. Young Alex. C. INDIAN HAIR DYE. the membrane and muscle, causing those pains, in- do. do. produces the lowest aggregawe rsult, will be taker Leave Wa hisgion at 9 a. m, and I,. and
Bslt Win. 3 Buller Win. Z. Warranted, with one application, to change laminations, and swellings, coiled Same for "mails sent" do. do. do. as the lowest bid. 5 p. m.
Brown Jonathan Bamnard Edward Zell Barnard gray, light, or red hair, to a handsome brown or RHEUMATISM, GOUT, &c. Same for newspapers and plmphlets received, March 6-td AMOS KENDALL Leave Aexandriaat8and10a.m. Sand4p. *
Brooks Mrs. Ann M. Barton Mrs. Louisa SEIThe inland postage on all letters intended jet black in a few hours, without staining the skin The Indian Vegetable Pills may be relied on as do. do.
Blount Thos. M. 3. Brittle John to go by ship must be paid, otherwise they remain or injuring the texture of the hair; the color is per- alwa) 4 certain to give relief, and if persevered with Same for "accounts current" on folio post paper. W HEREAS on the production of a generl JOHN WILSON Master.
Brown Win. F. Brnghtweil Thomas in this office. J. S. GUNNELL, P. M. manent, and will not rob off or soil the finest linen; will most assuredly, and without fail, make a per- Same for do. do. on foolscap paper. v power of attorney from John Lowden re Feb28-dgw&3lawgw
Belt T. Bailey Chester March 15-3t if the dye is applied at night, on going to bed, the feet cure of the above painful maladies. From Pest bills, on foolscap, 6 on a sheet, with signa-rentgwer of t he f rom John Lowden,
Brown Henry H. B~eecker Dr. W. W. MPORTANT TIO THOSh AFFLICTED change will be complete by morning; this prepara- three to six of said Indian Vegetable Bills, taken ture. Jones, and at the same time several letters froh P
Bright John Bayliss Buokatw 2 IlionASSOT ELN conain no castc an ma ber~ use withen everd night on going teoois bedSS wilina im, am d. d. o
Borst Jo hartJhn B. Ba yiBilvini Nicholas n k er2 I W N P P RvWITH DISEASESI.OFco ER TH E LUNGSBALANDo perfect safety by ladies or gentlemen; whiskers may completely rid the body of all morbid and corrupt Same do. 12 do. do. Gerg L. J hnSh rurden, a st bislat ein t13, urecgrin him
Borst~~INDPhE.REV Bl.nihoa COVERT'S^!^^ BALM OF o.d Mr. John Sherburne as his agent, urging hm o 3B a SM ^.
Blight Geooge Boiler Charity LIFE: A new andvaluable remedy for the care of be dyed with great facility, humnors: and rheumatism, gout, and pam of every Same do. 12 do. without bring the business to a closelns soon as possible, i TASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD
Boyd Charlotte E. Branson Maria COUGHSCOLDS,'CONSUMPTION, ASTHMA, MICHAUX'S FRECKLE WASH. description, will disappear as if by magic, signatures. the cour (li, supposing the levers and power of
Buchanon Mrs. Fanny BoArman Sylvester B. BRONCHITIS CROUP WHOOPING COUGH This is a disovei y of the celebrated Dr. Charles For ihe sme reason, hen, from sudden changes Two books of proposals for mail contracts 175 throrney wee both from the sme peron, ordered daily start ae follows,viz;
Berry Archibald Bryan Mr-. ELzabeth and all diseases'of the LUNGS and WINDPIPE; Michaux, formerly Professor of Anatomy at L-.ege, (if atmosphere, or any other cause, the perspiration pages each, more or less, 1,500 to 2,000 copies of that letters of administration be granted to sai RM WASHINGTON FOR BALTIMORE,
Bowman Jesse Bri.omnifld Nathan extensively used and recommended by the Medical in Flanders, and may safely be recommended as a is checked, and those humors which should pass each. Snerburne;and,onhisrepre-entation thatnomo
Bradley John 2 Brimmer Richard M. 2 Facuty to whom e Recipe has been fr certain remedy for Freckles, as well as other affec- off by the skin, are thrown inwardly, causing head- A table of post offices, about 18,000 copies, rule received, thercourt ordered thathlettere l-e RoM BALTIMORE FOR WASHINON,
Barnard, jr. Edt. F. Braiden Miss E. made known, tions of the skin, as Tan, Sunbuin, &c. Gentle- ache, nausea and sickness, pains in the bones, wa- and figure work, should theDepartmentfindittnw- gated as prayed for, provided he give a b ih At 9 o'clock, a. m. and at 4 o'clock, p. m
Batchlor Charles Badby Mr. HOADLEY PHELPS Co. wholesale Drug- men who are troubled with Blotches or Pimples on tery and inflamed eyes, sore throat, hoarseness, eessary to order its publication, penalty of .ve hundred dollars. Jannett Taylor Passengers by the morning train, if proceeding
Bynum Mrs. Emelpne. Boomer M. gists, 142 Water street, N. Y. General Agents. the face, of.en occasioned by the use of strong at- coughs, consumption, rheumatic pains in various Specimens of each kind of blanks may be seen s et, a caveat, setig forth tha -etwardly, can connect with the Western train
SC. COVERT & Co. Proprietors, Auburn, N.Y. kaline soaps in shaving, will find this an excellent parts of the body, and many other symptoms of in the messengers room.
Crooks Ramray Carico James The proprietor of this medicine, having witness- remedy. CATCHING COLD, If any printing not herein described be ordered, Sherburne had no caimto o the administration,ati
CuttsSterhen Corell Wm. W. ed, wth much pain, the great and increasing de AROMATIC ROSE TOOTH PASTE. Te Indian Vegetable Pills will invariably give im. it is to be done at a price to be fixed by the Depart- thatateatwherburne nowadmits dollars the e thtleave at 12 o'clock, noon,or Harpert
Cook Richard W. ConawayWin. struono fff To those who value handsome teeth this prepay. mediate relief. Three or four pills, taken at nigh! meon, proportionately equal to that of kind which wl1 be e 12,000, or b15,000 received from a Da- Ferry, in time for the evening train to Winchester,
Cress John Craigmiles Pleasant M. s o be Confumi on, Brons and the ration will be found very valuable. It gives a on going to bed, and repeated a few times, will re- is most like it. wi b N ,00 or an 5,000reeived froma
Cripp;, Fr. Geo. Churchwell G. W. fvarous andgnumerConustoterdiseasesdof theLus pearly whiteness to the teeth, firmness to the gums, move all the above unpleasant symptoms and re- Paper will be furnished by the Department in nish claimr,) and thereforepyed a revocation o i epss trellieaswal y ar
Crpps M A. Maria Cmpbell Achibald a Windpipe asm used to diect his ates fragrance to the breath, and stops the progress o store the bdy to even sounder health than it was all cases, to be receipted for and accounted for by said letters; the court then ordered said Sherbu to to Philadelphia n
Coyle Miss Mary A. Chapman Mad. H. L. ta inquiries to the discovery, of a more efficacio decay in the teeth. It is so perfectly safe to use bef,,re. The same may be said of DIFFICULTY Or- the Printer on demand,.by a n da vin t ied o dy so detenin limorka adelhia n
Clarke Miss Ma~y Ann Cooper Win. us that no caution is required, and being free from the BRAwTHIo, or ASTHMA. The Indian Vegetable Bids for blanks must specify the prices asked pergivea anew bond. He having failed bt do so, it is plnshing the e nne to N
Cults Samuel 23 Cla ra Co oper Wm. edy than has heretofore been presented to the grit of tooth powders, it will not scratch or destroy Pills will loosen and carry off, by the stomach and ream and per quire, when less than a ream is or- hereby ordered by the court that said letters be
C l a e M~ n C l y r D .R i h m c are, consAnntation, and st.udy h e h as the enam el; from its form it is not lia ble to w aste bow els, those tough phlegm y hum ors w which stop u p dered; a nd those for book w ork m ust specify the they w te hereby revoked. N w Y r n o e d y
Coell John Carter Bernard F. 3 Wthmuh are mdconsultatichhon, presndts tudeas or spill, and is therefore convenient and econo, the air cells of the longv, and are the cause of the prices asked per thousand eros for composition, and NAecoy THANELP.CUy, 11S.b eae eodtehorfxdfrsatn.I
C arr W m n Cam breling M r. mtravare nta nde di sc eringepubhichhn w i hr then utms to n m ical above dreadful com plaint. per token for press w ork. There orepespe tfulyJsu gest d tht39.
Cralle Richard Cary J hn J. ,inwidience ind iscvirnis ng sublcessith the curemostLN'S PNAEU It should also be remembered the Indian Vega- Prices must be annexed to each item contained Test; EDWARD N. ROACH,
Carless Mrs. Catharine Cooper, Jr. W d forwhichitisre X table Pils are certain to remove pain ien the side, in the advertisement. M 1 re them t ich the peio ee t a
Costigan Sylvester J. Cutler dise sfwhingito subm it rt temo stnded--nd oppression, nausea and sickness, loss of appedie, The Department reserves the privilege of pre. o T ll half past seven o'clock, p.m. Byorder
CherrynDr.yGeo.sW. CuthingMrs. H. B. c t o suboostiveness, a yellow tinge of the skin and eyes, scribing on what letter its printinghall be exe-" ROTHERJONATHAN, the largestnd SAMUELSTTTnS A
CooerryWDr. GS. W nh ir. .. izing test of the Medical Faculty, and to rest its EM and every other symptom of ow~ed. B most beautiful newspaper in the world
Corin. Corsrn Job reputation upon their decision. I i I U N LIVER COMPLAINT; All the work must be done in the best manner, larger, by fifty square inches, than any other news-
Comey Mrs, Hetty CardozaW. H. constitution under any circumstances. It will be a t This elegant shaving soap Becanse they purge from the body those corrupt The bids must be accompanied by ample trsti- paper in the United States-published Saturdays,
Clements At1yus Channing Win. Fe l ondgrstly s, anal has beniueo umb and stagnant humors which, when deposited upon monials of the ability of the bidder to perform the at 162 Nassau street, New York. Price three do
D n fudisreatysesroiteablegsinCodsBCoughia uhafyas, anda] has beeiivu e fr4no abthe Liver, are the cause of the above dangerous work. lars a year. Two copies for five dollars.
Dodd Miss Mary Jane Davidson John Win. Pdisie, sthe Whos apingcouCsru psofeharsandio as a giv e complaint. They aref also a eertwn preventiveof Ten per cent. on the price of the work executed The proprietors of this mammoth shet-BANHA
Dodge Col. W. W. Davis Maj. A. L. Pii ,Acu t hmad Whoopicnlmaing ougthCrupgmuchdstise facthiona n y ev r oeed APOPLEXY AND SUDDEN DEATH; will be retained until the close of the contract, as "Great Wes'ern" among the newspapers--haeT spo.,oDto, "
Day J. W. Delaney Michael Acueindp Croicpe.amatonoo the Lugsadb~leothkindevr-f ferearhad Because they carry off those humors which, ob. security for its faithful performance. the pleasure of spreading before the reading publcDsme 3 87
Done R.Rev.G.W.. Dougla Capt. JohT. B YSPEPICithasbeen usedTwithpde-oteryublientoratricha srneting the circulation, are the cause of a rush A refusal or failure t execute any printing in a weekly periodical, containing a greater am(rmree t s
Dorr R.-L. Daingeifield W mn. H. cidedB dvat age ,aDYS E T Citshsberi e nabl e d wt h p ero sl- wve nory emol ie tla p ntherw ih or determination of biod to the bead- .giddiness, due time after it is ordered disregarding the in-" and variety of useful and entertaining miscellany
Dickins Jas.1J. Dnlaney Capt. Win. W. boring ndera dvantayeand is dric e daoprsong aie, andfryily miud and especially on turning suddenly round-blindness- structions of the Department, as to the manner of than is to be found in any similar publication in ote rad l
De Faria Chevalier Can- Donway Willam to the direction. To the CONSUMPTIVE, it has shng properties which prevent irritation of the drowsiness-loss of memory-inflammation of the its execution, slovenly execution of the work, the o f the or be point o the line road, wil.
dido" Davidson S, C. invariably afforded almost immediate relief, and in skin often occurring after the use of the razor, this brain--insanity, and every other disorder of the failing to account for paper handed over to print Fach number of the paper contains as large a eefe esbett h olwn euaiko
DemntWilliam DeHa ap.- i.C. S ~ ~ ^ ^ ^ ofcs ^ m0 ^ reading matter^^^ as isfon i ol
Demet Wtlis De'art aptwin C.several instances has wrought, a permanent cure. soap can be safely recommended. It is pleasantly mind. upon on demand, substituting other paper, or any amountofrangmtea ifudi ouesf ihtoeitrseds.1peetkeoie:
Durham flames H. Dorsett James M. It is not, however, expected to effect a cure upon perfumed, and therefore combines the Ut ile cum ONE WORR TO THE SEDENTARY!r other attempt to evade the true meaning of the ordinary duodecimo, which cost $2, and more hasi getoidiuasnthsiyortsiiiy
Dickins Hugo L. Davaughn Mrs."Louista such as are in the last stages of the disease; but Duke" in an eminent degree. It is put up in neat Those who labor within doors should remember contract, or to defraud the public, will be a forfei- is contained in a volume of Irving's Columbuso
E even to such, it will be found to give much relief, covered jars, answering all the purpose of a shav- that they frequently breath an atmosphere which ture of the contract, and of the ten per cent. re- Bancroft's History of America, which cost I3 2 d C o redti r red for t heiDpot .
E~vans stick EarhatGeorge and greatly prolong that remnant of life which has iag box, and will last a year to a person who shaves is wholly unfit for the proper expansion of the tain d. volume; and all for three dollars a year. For e
Everett Alexr. Edinbur Mrs. Sophia become so nearly extinguished by the dread de- every day. lungs, and at the same time, owing to want of ex- BINDING. two copies will be forwarded one year, or one coyitndulceo enmbradesipont
"Erkson Ga crete Emmons W illiam sto e.N B ihti o p u dtelte sm d nercibe, the bowels are not sufficiently evacuated- Seated proposals will, in like manner aend for two years.
Elaw lpha. Eaton Nathan sThpro preto snwreciig lms l, h ae N.dB. nothithis bompondtherela bther i prae.onthe blood becomes impure, and headache, indigos- the same time, be received for binding l6lf the fol- Since the publication of our original prospectcpcae ob owretenm ftec
heparing the beard for the razoreand makingthe often b any iee Brother ofat theh aantyasrwbrdinvnaegdeo
E~~ans testimonials of the highest respectability from phy- rrn hebagro h azradmaigt eofenipableypitomatinofte sheartofomanyow. herd iorlow te i rgdsritiofnsa,whn8odeedtnyiim.-ieample before, has been so much increaseohrlate antb eev
F, M T, ^ .ii~r^.n. sicians, clergymen, and others, who have become painful operation of shaving one of comparative ageal s r s&r to o pi Ro the first or than 18e fil.b
Fleet Mrs. Julia Ferrall Thomas acquainted with its nature and effect, among pleasure. THE INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS Supe!r royal blank books, in full Russia, faint mothintemhmresthangltherature rqaty of the dayCmpn wllosereposim fr rgg
Ford Mr. Fochaux Mr. which are the following: he Saponaceous Compound is composed of in- Being a cleanser of the Stomach and Bowels, and lined, extra ruled, with printed captionsandhead- ok
F.Iiz Dr.1J.M. FanetisD. "IaheCexamin ad gredients so admirably compounded, tha shaving a DRECT PURIFIER Of the Blood are certain not ings of columns, with spring backs, lettered and in its immense capacity. Selections from allh eibe f ord mgd t heen o -
Faj e Mi-s Ann Foley Miss Mary theBavmofLieminr eherhand ompoundIsalleo-withtsoan iabs o mpoundedUh.shattng only to remove pain or distress of every kind from numbered. s inent ad ueless we of t
Fagan Joseph Fwar William vertalofhave tofstite thatcndsidfev.Itsafac ndwt "The Saponaceous Compound is the best prep-i the body, but, if used occasion y, so as to keep Same, without captions and headings, and width arsist in swelling its ontents; and whatever is r ethe a r
Grt usenl combination of medicines calculated to be ration extant for shaving purposes. Itisexiensively thebovfree from those humors which are the alphabet rch, of rare, is immediately transferrediialm nf f goods tepo)t
Grimes Leoeyefd 2 Goldmuer William asey cb ina roncds of e lu ad tronzed, and de vesobe; every gentleman US Of EVEYMALAD D HEAVEN, they Same, in calf, with extra Russia bands. columns. All the contributions to periodicals of be not weceired on this
Gates James v Gaiber John a fr passiges AVERY J. SKILTON, who shaves himself should buy t ."-Pv ladelphia will most assuredly promote such a o uch anjust and equal Royal blank books, in full Russia, faint lined Amrcan writers of repute appear in its pagesrs ore d or tae d ay of their a
Grear Samuel Gatton Z. Tro, June 27 1839 Physician and Surg Gazt. circulation of the Blood, that those who lead a se- ruled, indexed, and lettered, with printed captions, :h i sso orelgu de p ot the day ol the rival it tht
Green Gardner Gardner J. McLaw Troy, u We beg to call the attention of the bearded por dentary life wi eenabledatoen and spring backs. ns s nasreceivr in this country. fom l ot be r oib
Gus, William B. Griffin Georg# 2 I fully concur in the above recommendation. WSOUND HEcaLTHt, attenioniofotutbeardexesr deteryiscfewilnebuesabledtoienjoyrydDsprigtbant,
G aves J M. Gordon John M. T. S. BARRETT, ion of our subscribers to the Saponaeeous CornAdte lisoUNDtheAbdywllbretord, osuh Same, withoutcindeons, adwihine esMin lsest lattntionuspi;and Linaltherayselatectherpaan aisfrlsordmewhh y
Grimes Mrs.' Octavia Go-Imtrmant. W. D. Physician and Surgeon, New York city. dound. It is, without exception, the be,,t shaving andtatheoflpurityotheaboDyIS EASEstOF reYKIDtosuehaSate, v tolutm apeos.anawitindies inaclosetatntriuioni s pa i ct;care inalhesedevotin e andb uhgos nohrwrs f
10iberson Squ're Glasgow and Harrison This certifies that having examined the Rev. I.' sap we ever used.--PhiladelphiaTranscript. WILLaBE uittAtBDSOU ELYIPSSBE.O Y IDSaeparatevlfwihe xtaRusbad.avdoriginall ct a o uchibutonsstithae oinos deotef ogos saoedsrieb emte orm
Gossler W. J. Goaglraer Utgh Covert's Balm of Life in all its component parts, The Saponaceous Compound for shaving is the AWILL RBE TFANABSLTL MPOSSHIGO I TY;. Sameink calf, winh fal Russia, iba srndspartyin aeligitma oncor upoli thioiincs.n ao n h aso heriwy r tteDpt
we do believe it to be one of the best compounds best~perhaps ttoe very best article in use for Wi.G. Cook, 3Nr thBGa y F treet, WaltimGore bc ks, rDuy ledand bof sintalnRessianwthspindegd Epertyienrelhaintagho rpltius, tehraortnghteaehteadar triayli
H or coughs, consumption, chronic inflammationsscraping the beard from the human face divine.WFFICEooADGNo Eta LsErPOT, 1 69 Sameore ba ndexedebutwiti oonsindened. Experieearselvingu we had marked aI n atthe elusive ote o or
Hall Miss Elizabeth .Hubbard Matthew 2 ,tc.. of which we have any knowledge, and do' What with a keen razor and this compound, you OFCEADGEEAL EOp6ie ,ideebl ~hotcptosan u ingho t aptofollourele, intheiohealsrtsJo fen-athagneE
Haines Andrew Harper Andrew most cordially recommend its use to all afflicted noany s hae wourd.ace i n halfto tme yoilnu aepo ae; sretPILDEPIAkse rl Mdum leeank book anside, onineiani fullobea olRutlssiia, wintthurhr otce spforin.g.tmi
HayesMissAnnorMrs. Hatmi W. F bouncing the word. It is an anomaly in language; backs, ruled, red and faint, and indexed. el gu erry, serious, witty, smoothdash- Pm. B order,
Cassady Hermon Dunnan M. 3 w.W.bDaCmedseases it is a very good shave, and yet no shave.-Boson HE high bred stallion, DRONE, will make Same without ruling. Der1mrSAM.wt, o8, Aset,
Hall Mr. Thos. H.- Hanson T.M. IW.J. LovlNogy M. eD.Saina. DailyoTimes.llege iSs s-son for the present year, 1840, at the Same, in calf, with extra Russia bands, with Ing, interesting, inspired, and incomparable news

? *EdlW J. Lo iio I%^tt^ --------- Itss S ^ESI;^ shall bea tu e do s iro w e
Hall William Howel John H. GORDON NZheirM, M. D. Onondaga. The above articles are for sale by the sole pro- Kendall course, near Baltimore, at thirty dollars and without ruling. paper. Ir sha ll be pe nd o n a ll
Hood Thomas 2 Hulbert J.P..a w to.etir. prietor, L. W. Glenn, manufacturer and importer the season; fifty dollars to insure a mare to be in Foolstap blank books, in full Russia, with he world wil stand reflected. It shall contain he su p le nrrivep
n ier o. The nature of the composition of the Rv. I. of Perfumery, Cosmec Fancy Soaps, &c. No. 82 foal, or parted from; with a fee of one dollar to spring backs faint lined and ruled, bano bhstan m s- beauifl a Ttforelovers odSteori e p o laty
Henderion Mrs. Ann Horsey Miss Ann E Covert's Balm of Life, having been Ioly explained and 84 South Third street, opposite the Exchange, the grooen in all cases. Manualsor Handbooks half bound. foe fy th Th esh arycter of the mar- OTdankUFea nd Rmpy
H iagang M ala chi. 2rise o n M. D r. w ho has alw ays or h and h m os tens i ne s to k D fs a ll N of D P8 3 w hon e bea u- Fold i stite pe cuti g avetlous- -L e ge nds for a ntiquarianso- P asquinap e s of e st.L . ,*OW L

Hario H. SE. AUPMS han thern mos exeniv ,,nes; DESRITIO like a El rea-iro, iusa an beau-eh Fodig p satitcing cuetdting and quaterbnd ^ elOingone ogepaaino stnro b .I~osqec fhscntn esnittn
HorrLs W .n. L L HeringtondMrs.Henrietta nto t tefo mal gentemen, atheyhv on-of articles in his linetobe found in the United tifulchestnut, full fifteen hands three inches high, 18,000 copies of the table of post officesin the for witmongers--Nutsand Raisinsfor short-wintde fo be gl ee
'Henry Patrick M. Hopkins Ellisonl 2 et Dtha t antey petre astauthose ro r States, and at prices which cannot fail to please. tend'ears old this spring; was sired by the unri- United States, should the Department order its pub- readersSerenades for musical lovers-Son tt iate a ns h en l
H age rm ar H H arris B ethei v ariou arti.les h, h asex e forsn.t Yd b r ak e r ow he s da y tak n wi h the thr ush T n h iso c r n oth v a i u a for fatnn l n a nd ru ng r lall e c it em ent i a d i nte forest, o st pa h re sStatis i s on lphin, nd oho friend s through Un,
Harry nw.C.iHickmanc Mordecai M. ofipulmonaryidisese, in which that class of reme- forwarded to those who desire them, and a variety Colonel Wynn's celebrated brood mareIsabella, Folding, sutchig, and cutting 1,500 to 2,000 co- for politicians--and Lectures, Sermons, Critici ms
Harris 0. C' LHolbrook D. B. dP.i B ated.Dof beautiful showbilts furnshed gratis to custo- by Sir Archy, whose producegis more proverbial as pies each of two books of proposals for mail con- Epigrams, &c. &c. &c. for all the world.
Sand Practe ofM roe ssore oftheA heoryM i mer e. The above articles may e had of many of racers than that of any other mare in America; tracts of 175 pages each, more or less. lndo Letters should be addressed to he has n w on of sd c sn tl
Jon#$ W ashin g D Johnsts Abrah amrfnders Jn ohio Mers Dicine.ini Albany.e di cafi trhwas dinghi slfl bro tohDrone, who was Spe sace timenso, blan reoi s now irrnitwa user may The W SON par CO MPA N, to Din th irg, CRIG S k s of every patern &ndCdeY
Jones Mrs. Olivia E. Jnkins Archibald J. M'NAtTONroN, M. D. Professor f Anatomy pat cities and towns in the United States. sold to Batie Peyton, of Tennessee, for $6,0001%een in the various offices and divisions of the De- Th havif Ne nor
James Mrs. Eliza Ann Johnston Lt. Joseph E. and Physiology in the Fairfield Medical College. 0.3='For sale by LEWIS JOHNSON, four doors Harkaway, by Merlin; Marlha. Washington, by apartment. Mrh1-awfewok. bityotewrmnspadelg ceffis.
Jett Miss Roberts Johnson Fiorm MARK STEIinBsito, M. D. New York city. east of the City Post Office, Pennsylvania avenue. Sir Charles; Pieton, by Luzboough, for which The paper will be furnished as to the printer; In enis el tence of aro ci ce h
Jamer~son Weorgen4Drool Mi s Martvi Ann Dct. M. McKSIGoD, New York cityY.Feb A1-d3mP $12,000 might have been obtained th fall he was nd the conditions annexed to the advertisement frXTRA OHIO STATESMAN.-We inaeetre a ote tt ni
three years u ld. Her youngest ones are of equal printing are, as far as applicable, to be iorpo- to issue our Extra from the first wee n aae t
Jeffersonian Editor Of LJ. MItCHEL, M.-D. Philadelphia. promise, which is evidence that Drone sprang from rated into the contract for binding. April until the Presidential election, in Novemer hin g c an

Mille Her ifm erefolowin nalbymedtofdthedruggils hav Walso ig-dngivewhnrgrdcofrtatiei dms cntienoxytntnio, sitisgeealylyae, amaantln oneater.andafllbeiflnahruerigpe dmntr ceropyme If 30aP"618<" ."._
K.its ch H Man Mr s J. M aryo win g nametsindy ivorualst h aemedici re a a family that bears the Strictest scrutiny, and when The i bids for binding blank books must speaint l, weel y, c t o ne dla r pr bo rl, of 30 madu the veiy of lab r will se e r
Marten A.bS.ysyt iy tei mabe of li pen.o to- hia on the prd e per quire hers os upwards: It wi b e printed on am
King Enos Kelly Bernard tificates, together with many others, may be seen must prove the sire of racers. It was the opinion moth sheet, in fair type, and contain nothing t ut e ec of last year.
King Henry Meade Kitiidge Dr. Geo. W. 2 by application to any of the agents of the veteran, Col. W. R. J. that Drone at three The bids for folding, stitching, &c. laws and in- reading matter.
Kerr Dr, Robert E. 2 Ketchum Reov. S. Rev. ISAAC, S oE, Lysander, N. Y. years old had no superior,after his race at Norfolk, structions, and mail proposals, must specify the The character of these e X aT R OoHe ,tA e A ods tul r a p r
K ting W an. K. Keeton John M. Dr. JOSEPN T. PlTNzy,) in the fall of 1833, which he won, beating good prices per copy. e pesume, is t inct to the non,
LieNtail LevyDaid4r. EAV H D. Y,]-Abr, ..ones; but, like all creation, human and brute, he Pree iut etnnhedtaeahvieerotanedWement.u Ohi nedoi onto welepneedonnoa ftlonghteorexpeolobanationd ofoneqenc oihs cnsanenrsoalatai
ee athaGeo 2 yalidewa nt N. M.o. t we st aloof from misfortune; from the spring he f p Ad the deep im pt ae of ts P
T A-iQ 14 M. Lansdale MrAnd Marv 2ost of D. o wns Aurelius the UnYted TH .n. fparetmarent riesedde t ho righten operwe. nThe Federal iportanye owr-e Presequ ental- tonn tothe businessTn P hiladelphia, h is abletul

Led er y M.oh McLanseMrs.n Mary aue whRev D.ples Mo on aiin parreh u la, N.Y. wuTecsig a en n em ade four yn pearsance, ubyi the waewthdrawn, ohr eBesten dr n ae,2 y4nhs a nd ofnFebruary- mrgni st pressne iseir can- The sty dersfignish an workandhipteot anyheretoore
MLyanc h DaidLay M rs, o sn e Wn. PMe on etmnialmyb a rs, M. D.wn Utya callin atfftWodadsS o re horse, oewithe haie war noredter areh e ngaed; thSgase, 0b 5nhs,rop conida e rsto n toe p eoperymaderia n gr tie n, p a nuadectur eed at Amhe ofrste Massachs tts.
e M^Do.nLmdsle Mcan lolm A. Dec. 4T6mo_______n_ Factor, Pennsylvani avenue be e 0 h m rundnin g i o ngtan d gaweepsakes, and stnd theady sto Se a pr osacin paper difrnt lies mtnrhdf roug Otobercountry-boasredof iei pomp a ndsorbingof the varion, batnheshots nofatice.h d
Al LD,,e,,l.John BcllaM JO. SntPMA M.D.FaetevDl,..Y IMPROVE CtHEMICAL t bKe acriple Hsrae ih own decitoso ttoeyadaewe l.Te ae hadthei ^^S tateonvntions or- he iost sueror maner, as f anr and wrc iale, bhe

Moore Jaes MelsrJhant Saue Boo rand Sainr M- re D. u SMOKINGs CIM A N EaYS.oTher in eto sof nine tescnharnahidn7.5-;tis S efntiedtopatteriu were mthrownasides fr the pompeande prad of th evrpiu erls are waleead eonstane, tly o dsn~handtee
Micoss Ch. B. M urrl a K ye Mober A.BrH.Nwown, Motel Salin___ acN.Yki fared o tpbic andsot ha mving claim pon tpimplen- waspslest prprthognoths la. re ditable racc oae D. Bshadmdo. quropostls a in,brilesaned awitocraconfihing thoe"lasty ohic puros-e wows oetrtisiiinmysn
Mordan Win.E. Maersha ll Wham. O. 3 |JMO. L bereuaGeorgterow vn. s an dvdlsemandtages cr of b oth, nsitho e bethei dfertseands others whos e peensionse as r1egrd bloot and Sae- Mdu, qandpst li, oiyo their Staew n d bnaooney which exheyton thollh bee 19ttte tt

Ogden Inos. L. fram the earliest period, a book for daily and im- ing and healing sores and wounds; for preventing turned in good order, or no charge will be made Royal. Between these two parties the people have to o1 eaen quarer.
Phelps Gen. D. patton Win. 2 mediate reference on all questions of universal his- and curing cutaneous diseases, particularly in in- for their keeping, except in cases of disease or ac- Paper for post office blanks, viz: judge-the great masi of freemen form the tribu- Terms moderate. Payments quarterly, i ad-
Pope Nahshniel Pierpont Miss Eliza story, chron, loey, biography, dates, etc.; one fans; for bleaching muslins and handkerchiefs, and cident, for which the proprietor incurs no respon- Small royal paper, trimmed edges, nal to decide after hearing the arguments. The vance .
IPopt Charle. H. Perrine John A. volume, or 332 pages, in full leather binding, for the removal of grease, paint, tar, &c. from sibility. The season will commence on the 15th Single cap paper, do. Extra Statesman will devote its columns excht- The undersigned will continue to give, in the
Porell Thomas Patterson Mrs. Naome C. Price 50 cents. F. TAYLOR. clothing. It is also much esteemed as a shaving of February, and close the first day of July, 1840. Double cap paper, do. sively to the broad questions at issue. The ablest evening private lessons in the above languages as
Parkinon T ohnmas Prter Miss MariNa 'VRSA ITORbyTyterns soap. Prepared only by F.HOWARD, He is a remarkably sure foal getter', Qtuills per 1,000. speeches in Congresi, &e. will first appear n its th Germa, Italian, and Spanish.
remer Lt s. Chemist, Washington. Feba20-2aw4w JAS. B. KENDALL. Metallic pens, per dozen, columns, bearing aloft and abroad the great priori- RuraRENCEs-Messrs. Alexander Dimitry, J. H.
:Pa'merLt. Wn. R. Parker Johln A .... small volumes, running from the creation For sale at many of the drug and fancy stores at -------------Lead pencils, blaek, per dozen, pies of Republican freedom, and the conquering Ofiy, J. S. Wilson, and his numerous pupils now
O*. an koriming of the world to 1820, a part of Harper's Washington, Baltimore, and throughout the United oICiy o fW Co siOnSgOn. PFBLIC BUtD,1 aa4. Do. red, do. power of Democratic doctrines. To the people, receiving private lessons, a list of whom ay he
Queen L. Fmily Lbraryis jus publihedyanofor.salenby StatesFLette7foldes,4do
uenN.L. F y Library, is just publ.hed and forage by Stes. ROPOSALS will be received at this office un. Lee f on whose sober judgments and patriotic and virtu- seen at the academy.
R.David 0dickDavid W. W. MORIBBON. Feb 21-2awlmif P til the 1st of April, for supplying the bill of Redtape, wide, do. ous intentions, this vast Government, with itA ES D
Ralph and E. Falconer Rodgers Robert S. 3 MT HITE SULPHUR WATER-From the m/TRS. GARDINER'S INDIAN BALSAM marble, stated below, for the interior steps of the D d s of s ouls to pranches of a or for a n
Robb Joh Reeder John W White Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier coun- lu OF LIVERWORT.-For the cure of new Patent Office building erecting in this city, the Pounce boxes, do. say READ To the laboring man, on wo nr y bne fa plite a can nem-
Ry J Robinon Mrs. S. ty, Virginia. The undersigned announce to the Coughs, Colds, Whooping Cough, Phthisic, Sore marble to be of a good quality, suitable for hang- Sd o oo. strdy na lth and poerb dres t Sen the Di l of Ca, g iing
Rice Mrs; E. W. Rateliffe Richard public that they are extensively engaged in trans- Stomach, pain in the side, and all diseases of the ing steps. W boxes do. To th teas on we ay R]
a. porting this celebrated water both in Bottles and Lungs. For the above complaints, this medicine The proposals must state the price per cubic or Inkstands, do. To the mechanic, on whose arm of ircu rre aOl eha o
Smith James L. Stryker James Barrels, as may be desired by purchasers, stands unrivalled for its efficacy-it is prepared running foot, delivered at one ef the wharves near Erasers, do. glory of a free country so strongly rest of erred.--tf
Scott Mrs. Elizabeth B. Scheimerhorn Peter They deem it proper to inform the public that wholly from vegetables. Also, its efficacy for the the long bridge in this city; the time of delivery not Letter stamp, do. bay READ To the cool, collected tille O T
Smith Miss Ann L.E. Stevens John the result of long and extensive experiencee has ful- cure of the Liver Complaint, is full established. I to exceed the month of May next. Rodgers and Son's penkniver, two blades, pr. doz.The soil whose green fields and lowing herdsria e ai
Slade Mr. *: tmatrsh D.A. ly established the fact, that by carefully depriving mention the names of but a few of thousands who For further particulars, address the Commis- Do. four do. do. hin to rely on the kink aid of divine power ahis He is anon
Smoot DrBSaminel<. geymron William the wood of which the barrels made, of allIl acid, have been cured by this invaluable medicine-for ioner of Public Buildings. Ink, black, per quart, in bottles, own industry, and not on the uncertainty of hstoims e dAM. H e is a
SneedMiss iarahD. Sptrray John Johnsc la and otherwise preparing it for the purpose, the places of residence, see inside directions. Price 50 Bill of steps, dimensions in rough marble. Do. red, do. do. promises and the smiles of Government gratuities, irises high, s tort eye, an d as a
SpearDr.A. Siorer Bellamy barrel is rendered completely effectual for trans- cents. 2 steps 12 ft. 6 in. long, 171 in. tread, 10 in. high. Wafers per pound, including canisters. we say READ! And tothe prefessiotiav his we s a ys rihte alndasoaMr. Wb ,
Scott Charles). Shurway Henry C. porting and preserving this water in its purity and C. Ellis, M. D. Elisha Horton, D. F. Woodbury, steps 11 ft. long, 171 inch tread, 10 in. high. Sealing wax, red, per pound, say, also, READ-thatyou may not separateM ays co enty, Mr bt.M
Smith SamueiEt Smallwood Daniel medical efficiency. Thos. Haskins, jr. B. F. Brown, Horace Gall, 2 steps 9 ft. long, 171 inch tread, 10 in. high. Black sand, do. selves from the great multitude of virtue and
Smith ,Mist Magaret Sibley Win.J. Persons wishing the water it bottles, can obtain Miss L. Howard, and E. Williams. 2steps 7 ft. 81 in. long, 171 in. tread, 10 in. high. Prepared India Rubber, per pound, in pieces, trp, without whose sweat and labor you could nanot teb 28-Iaw3h He Ng man .
Shedd Jade,, Saanders John it from our wholesale agents: Alexander Duval, For sale at 2 steps 7 ft. 1 in. long, 17m1 in. tread, 10 in. high. Pounce, per pound. exitut a day. Feb of-- Iaw-w----NR--TAYLO-.:
Smith Mrs.Maria Stewart W. D. Richmond, Virginia; J. L. Peabooy, Washington; Jan 29 TODD'S Drug Store. 2 steps 6 ft. 7 in. long, 17 1in.iuead, 10 in. high. The-e articles are all to be of the very best qua- o:nrkndpaceth e cu in the of e
Smith Wil cl Sutherland J. B. Richard Norris, Baltimore; Rushton and Aspin- 6 steps 16 ft. 3 in. long, 15 m. tread, 10 in. high. lity, which can be had from the best manufacturers;ourriends, and they must judge what is tended as a manual to aid he student, adt
Scott M i' .. Sanders Mrs. Mary Ann wall, New York; Charles Ellis and Co. Philadel- RHEUMATISM-Persons subject to this pain- Thirty-two winder steps 6 ft. 5 in. long, 19 in. and the Department is to have its choice of the va- do with it. Its cheapness prevents us omprofesonal man in prepare himself for sefl-
Smith John S. : Sommers Mrs. Susannah phis. Those wishing to obtain it in barrels must ful disease may assurredly expect its recurrence at large end, and 13 in. at small end, tread 10 in. rieties in market. ing any thing in return to those who ciruli neswih an inuroducton, ilu-ring rs uhhty
Smith Pessed Mid. W. Shearaml Maj. F. W. sand their orders to the undersigned, who will de- about these days of changeable weather and tem- high. Specimens of paper will be prepared by the Su- The names of subscribers should be sent in aslyethod of Ro. JLh Todd, p r of
TaylorD Shoemaker Mbls Caroline hvr tt at any convenient shipping point to which perature. Its attacks can always be prevented by Feb10-2aw [Nat. Int.] perintendent, with which he will carefully compare as possible. S. & M. H. MEDARI he Edwards Church, Norhampron, fourth edion,
Swan Thos a B M jas. it Ray be ordered. the timely use of Dr. Phelps's Compound Tomato each parcel as it is delivered, and. reject it if in- ,SUBUSnM wrtch, 18i4 e" 0. th Glb of- is for sale at the Book and Siaionery Store 01 W.
SmtThoom WM.-11CALWEL a~daQo. Pill& Price 371 cents. For agencies et adver GRAVEL cured in a short t: c by usirg Dr.frior. .Subscriptions will breceived attheG eo.eor.
oplurnioEdward Wpirs BUI1BA gmuigs, Y4.!w .P p' Tmtif~i The couditlow amileJ wo thfdrerummeae forn murch 13---(n