The globe


Material Information

The globe
Physical Description:
F.P. Blair ( City of Washington D.C )
Publication Date:

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 8786354
System ID:

Full Text

.. .. -',' / /.
*" ., i ". - H^ .' .... ^ Taylor ALtrd Tabler M rs. ElieafctiH
EDITED BY FRANCIS P. BLAIR. t ayo Miss ana TrosottJoh
TE RMS.WotWlm, WiatWn..
Daily pa.r, L, e^ l .. . . 81000 b
D ly.r l 9 th".,' your- $1 p month. Wood GO. W. Washington B.
it ":.~~~~ev I. thill,, a l ,, r, Ni i-erev I t I r ).:nth ll lf lll..
I L*... fird,,,,t..n.. .. . to o BY BLAIR & RIVES. THE WORLD I GOV E D TOO MUCH. VOL. IX ..... No. 211
uIEcrt..iK.ri. .,. ally fir lean than two, or to the Semt __ ___ .. "-----:__!. ^ *111T*^ 11 ..... White J. H. "Wainwrght Mrs. M.
wwhly I-L.[ ligm, Lh i,, four ..... 1~ ., .,. ~ r.:-.- ,,iig t sAn netatrJo n .
[ l S ^-Vp1); CITY OF WASHINGTON. '-- IIV-- MON DAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 17, 1840. Wolt ^ obia W:i e.A.
elll f iiw e &h- s U ''l{t-cr i Jc' r-t all - I j .. I a. .L in r.e.
C,,tm lar.i J--uher-b--re 1111t1.11 .ll--f,------------------ W hite Samuel 2 W walker Joseph
and pay armarage W"iU ORDER OFTH E ORPHAN'S COURT."~ < SEED AND HOLITICULTUIAL VIRQINUA-At a Circuit Superior Court of Law RANDD EXHIBITIONS, to be given every LIST OF LETTERS WardWm. H. Wainwrght Samuel
Twel ve *avtCrmt. jj[j -r'hg i t g noie (hat the subscriber, of WAREHOUSE N.,.97 Chesnut street, and Chancery of Fauqnier county, held on the J evening in the well heated and splendid hall Remaining in the Post Onies, Washington City, Wallis Jofn Williamscn John
Twdlvdlitior lertheirioni - $100 P0 2 ..5., county, Maryland, hath obtained from the above Third, Philadelphia. The sub- 19th day of October, 1839. of the Muleum, 46 street, to open positively on February 15, 1840. Waller Wi. Joseph 3 Wheeler Samuel B,
- 'qi A ^tiniem~rtLzar.,Ji'r" opor0inn. Orghan's Court of Charles country, in Maryland, scribers offer for, sale a flesh and full IN CHANCERY. Thursday, February 6. 0 Persons inquiringfor letters in the following il
A i-.rai dn-.,Mntr..t..ei., J,...i >,....etdvrti6 bythe year. leiteis testamentary on the personal estate of Mr. assortment of warranted Garden, Seeds, of their Thomas Priest and Jemima Winn, plaintiffs, A beautiful Electric Telegraph exhibited in ac- list, will please say they are advertised. Witt len Whiston F..
I pll. mu nit:,.)-;-. i ,I)e,nI..,r,%.!. T I.,owhoh..not George Roterison, late of Charles county, de- own growth, and finest quality, including all the against lion, first lime in ihis country. Passengers also A. Williams Calvin G.
riali., .f.a. T.; T ..-,-a ....'... ,., .-.1....uch re- ceaed. All persons having claims against said newest and most approved varieties. Thomas S. Priest and Mary Priest, admr. and carried on railroad by electro-magnetism, with other Ault Henry Ames Angelo
mt,.ir,.".e f t;ll.i 4,ifflC.,ihr t"..*,.. t...r,. ..r, The note8 of any decoaed, are hereby warneJ to exhibit the same, Field, Farming, and Grass S'eds. admx. of Lewis Priest, deceased; Henry Priest, highly interesting phenomena in this science, exhi- Austin Rev. Mr. Alexander Win. B. Young William Yost M. B.
A'ir, '," .. "..*v .... , -. it h. vouchers thereof, to the subscribe., at or Flower Seeds, the largest cotleetion for sale in surviving administrator, with the will annexed, of bated by maehiuery, and explained by Mr. F. Austin Mr. of Mass. Anger F.
Crll Arianiet'..', ,-, .. ,*,. /,^ ...It... .- i,,.rr. it, e .rst day of August next. .Troy may Philadelphia. Thus. Priest, sr. deceased, and in his own right; Coombs, to whom was awarded the first premium Armistead Gen. W. K. 2 Adams Thos. D. to go by ship must be paid, otherwise they remain
mpitterstothe. ,l uF,, ', "o. iby law be excluded from all benefit of Bulbous Roots, in uncommon variety, imported George Conrad, and Mary Ann his wife, Samuel at the last New York Fair, for the fist locomotive Addison Henry Allen James*
na aken outof the .'.. "Sd ,'a e. W. B. STONE, annually from the first Florists in Grinany, Hamrickr, and Sarah his wife; Julia Priest, James magnetic machine carrying passengers. Adams Geo. A. 2 Feb 15-3t
... Exceitor of George Robertson, deed. France, and. England, and of our own growth. H. Priest, Frances Priest, Elizabeth Priest, and The Minstrels of the Rhine will also give a series B. FO- THE SOUTH.
n*H "."" '* -- Feb 7, 1840-law6w Superb Double Dahlias,ione of the largest and Thomas Priest, infants, by William F. Poillhi-, i.f iheir much admired national, vocal and instru- Blacks James Bowling John
emS .'' ?' ,' .- "finest collections ever offend for sale. Our Dahlias their guardian, ad litet, defendants, mental concer s, every evening, in conjuution with Brooke Gideon Butler J. Wolkins 3
HI-rS'. 'i' 11'_ rh"lms is t) give notice that the subscribers of took the first prize at the Pennsylvania Horticul- ^fU^ the motion of the plaintiffs, by council, ihe above. Boyle Hugh S. Burns Hugh
-Chariescounty, Maryland,have obtained from tural Society's exhibition in 1839. leave is given to amend their bill and make Also, views of sixty-six of the principal cities in Boy Mrs. E. S. Barnard Edward
IW ASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD. l-1,h rph. .,,Is Court If Charles county, in the Sate Green and Hot House Plants, of the most supe- Peter P'riest a defendant; wherenpan the bill was the world. Brown James But~er J. W. 2
The Pas-' trains on this> road will of Matyland, liters le,tainpilary on the personal rier kind. amended accordingly, by interlining it; and this Season ticket 63; which also entitles the purcha- Bergh Mr. Henry 3 Burrito Samuel L. 2 |1e RATE E AMBOAT will eave
daily start at follows, viz: estate of, Major Alexander Gcer, late of Charles Farming and Fancy Garden Tcol;, Publica- cause came on to be heard on the papers formerly ser to a chance of thirty prizes, two of which are Boyd Mr. Baker John M. eery Monday Wtdns-ay and Friday morning,
PRUM WASHINGTON FOR BALTIMORE, county, deceated. All persons having ciaems tion<, &c. read, and the report of Aquila Glascock and Isaac worth $1,0011, c..mrri. 1, 1 1he whole of the two ex- Brown John Burrows E.W. at lock lbr o kh u
At 6 o'clock, a.m. and at 3 o'clock, P. m. against deceased, are hereby warned to exhibit the French Sugar Beet, Ru'a Baga and Mar,?el Lake made pursuant to the decree of the 12th of hibitionx; to be I .rll d I r on the 22d February. See Burke J.M. Bencini Dr. A. i,,e cotrnects with the PorsmnthRailroad, andthe
FPOM BALTIMORE FOR W%-HINiG'T,11N, -ami wilh the vouchers thereof, at or before the WautzelSeeds-, crop 1839. M tiy 1838, to which there is no exception, and small bills. Ball Lt. John L. Bowie Allen P. James river boa's forPetersrandRehmond
At 9 o'clock, a. m. and at 4 o'clock, p. m. first day of August next; they may otherwise by Rohan Potatoes, Chinese Tree and other rrie- was argued by counsel; On consideration where@f, Admission 50 cents. Subscribers fies to all the Bonds Levy Bixly Nathaniel P. This is th in. I comfortable routegoing South.
Passengers by he nw-.rn;ng train, if proceeding law be excluded from all benefit of said estate, ties of early Corn. the Court doth approve of and confirm the said performances. Open at 4 o'clock, and also at Burch Miss G. A. Bryan Samuel N.B (i th" safetyof thebay lineof st,,am.
westwaidli, can c,.noeei win the Western train on By order of the Orphan's Court. Fresh Bird Seeds, Canary and other Song Birds, report; and it being suggested to the Court that every evening. The concert at 8. Brown H. H. Bicker Capt. Walter
thU Balimvre sati, Ohio rail road at theRelay hose, W. 1-1. MITCHELL, Bird Founts, fancy and plain Cages, Bulb Glasses, James Priest, a son and legatee of Thomas Priest, It is hoped the Christian and philanthropist will Brown h.M. Ber boate whe be ffie toatis thepl i to
reach Frederuclc in t-ine for the Western stages' W. B. STONE, Globes for Gold 'Fish, Hand.-Glasses for forcing sr. deceased, departed the Commonwealth of Vir not object, to the raffle or chance in the distribution Blunt Passed Mid. S. F. BowzerThos. running, feather life nor limb has been lost
that leave there at 12 o'clock, noon, or Harper's Executors of A. Greer, deceased, plants, ginia more than twenty years ago; that he has not of the prlzeF, as their co-operation is earnestly re- Beach Alex. Benedict N. J.W BROWN Agent
Petry, in time for the e. r,.in; train to Winchester, Frb 7-law6w Somhern and Western customers supplied with since been heard of- that he is supposed to tave que-.ted in this great national object of obtaining Brown Miss Susan Bailey Mrs. Maria Peb 8-dtf
wile pasngeris traveilm- eastwardly are con- Seed& at the lowest prices, by the pound, or neatly died intestate, without wife, children, or d& scld- a motive power, if possible, to prevent the Burke James
eyed hrornih to Phiil,' pilha %&iih,-.,' .,: *jr, .r BRADFORD COUNTY, SS. put up in packages, labelled for retail by the 100 ants; that letters of administration have nii t een h.rro, frightful catastrophes, which are now of 0. T0SEPH CROiK, Upholsterer and Paper-
i detention at Bain morc, ehip l in Te i of P vaia to the r f of or 1000. giated upon his estate; and that, if dead, -he per- wh frequent recurrence by the use of steam. Conner William Cropl.yMr
< tim e fo r rine e ve uning h rn lu N re r" Y ',r h.; a-r,.I ih n [L .] i d C eun t y, t ,: .... rI' C atalogu es fo rw a rd ed to an y p a rt of th e U n ited son s en titled to th e leg acy b eqd u ea t hei to h ei b y h F eb r-eo l mr b tp l C ol o. stea m e H r. 78i M areet srts b et w ee n H o ap er -
accomplishing the journey frora',:i to "]F ELNATHAN GOODRICH make you se- Slates. AssorCmentsarranged frrevery climate, the said Thos. Priest, sr. are Thomas Priest, Je- CraHgmfle' P.M.- Camera onB. R. .-ao,.;D:. a.d U,.h..Lt~iv Gu.od.. aba 'n'u
New York in one day. I cure of prosecuting his claim, then we com- -HIRST & DEER, haima Winn, Thos. S. Priest, Mary Priest, ((he OFCOF -.'-'. -..' ." PUBLIC BUILDINOS, Clary Miss Cooper James '._ *-,r,,,'h-. ;i ilo *h', r'e.tac'. -i. ^
Under n ciercumstances whatever can the train tniand you that you summon, by good and lawful Jan 8 Nurstrv and Seedinen. two last being administrator and administratrix of Ciay ,.i %%.i I..., Feb. 70t, ],840.
be delayed beyond the hour fixed for starting. It summons, Lyman Alexander and Minerva Alex- Lewis Priest, deceased,) Henry Pries%, and Peter P ROPOSALS will be recetveat thisofceu Chambers lames 2 Cooper G.C M.tore F~bi12r4trih "
is, therefore respectfully suggested that passengers wander, who has for her guardian ad item Stephen W RS. GARDINER'S INDIAN BALSAM PIe; or, instead of the saidPeter, his children, f td he Ist of April, for supplying the bill of Canan. Col. Wm, B. Calves t Charles B.o tha Dm ,
procure their tickets the previous even;n,; to ena- Pi,.rce, late of your county Yeomnl, so that they in OF LIVERWORT.-For the cure of Mary Ann Conrad, wife of George Conrad, Sarah marble, stated below, for the interior steps of the Corley A. Collins Mrs. Sarah f i a dee d of tstte b
ble them toido which, the office will be kept open be and ap-ear before our judges at Towanda, at Coughs, Colds, Whooping Cough, Phthisic, Sore Hamrick, wife of Samuel Hamrick, Julia Priest, new Patent Office building erecting in this city, the Cool ey A Coke Mrs Earah sr esa tsee r h not t a anr
till half past seven o'clock, p. m. By order, our county court If common pleas, there to be held Stomach, pain in the side, and a4 diseases of the Thomas Priest, Frances Priest, and Elizabeth marble to be of a good quality, suitable for hang- Crogan Henry B. Coke Miss Emily I dendof asesitow at the an
May 3 SAMUEL STETTINIUS, Agent. the second Monday of February next, to show Lungs. For the above complaints, this medicine Pr est-the Court doth adjudge, order, and decree, ing steps. Cullison Cornelius 5 Clinch Gen D. 20 willepadover,upon appicatiottaa heauctn
wherefo~e,, they, iha aforesaid Eluhan, ,tands unuivalled for its f ih.w.,, -it is prepared that a publication be made in some newspaper of The proposals must state the price per cubic or Culberson Lt. M.S. Coyle Mrs. Matilda sore o er.
M t^ BS if f.. e> -' and ihe aforesaid Lyman and Mineiva, who has holly from vegetables. Also, its efficacy for the general circulation, printed in the city of W ash- running foot, delivered at one of the wharves near Carroll W illiam Clarke W in. M 2DWA RD.DFR
eS a^ for her guardian ad l;te. Stephen Pierce, together cure of ihe Liver Complaint, is full estabi-hed. I lgton, once a week for three months, subsibed the long brdg< in this city; the time of delivery not Cragswell Pearson Clarke Henry A. F. BLAGDEN'
tem ^^^^S -^^_-.' p .and undivided, do hold in unequal shares a tiact mention the names of but a few of thousands who by Henry Priest, surviving administrator, with the to exceed the month of May next. Coreoa Mrs. Ann Miss C ai M. Feb 13--dtTrustees .
WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD of' land situate in Columbia township, in said h?-vebeen cuied by this invaluabe mEdicine-for will annexed, of Thomas Priest, sr. deceased, set- .For trherprtcuas, address the Comm assanave Peter Coss John 2.
TRANSioPTATION DEldOT, county of Bradford, containing one hundred and places of re-dence, see inside directions. Price 50 ting forth his death; that he died in the county of stoner of Public Buildings. Car ter B. Fa t. I ITl O F COL UMBIrn has aplie
em er 13, 1837 s xty aerei of land with the appurtenances, bounded cents. yFauquier, in Viginia, seized and possessed of real B. ste, d m^ s io n no umale. C are r B.F. Clark Lt. Geo o .on w iiar Brns hie Ju d
IT is respectfully made known that m.i cli, ici l: o the north by lands of widow Cog~dell, on the C, Elli_, M.D. Elisha Horton, D F. Woodbury, and personal estate; that James Priest, his son, de- 2 steps 12 ft. 6in. long, 171 n. tread, 10 in. high. Colem Cralie R.K. iot Cun. flr thenDi ,rict ef C udge o be
Ioroher ommodities received at;',, D east by lands ofJas. Lamb, on the south by lands Thos. Haskins, jr. B. F. Brown, Horace Gall, parted the Siate of Virginia more than twenty 2 steps 11 ift. long, 171 inch tread, 10 in. high. CorbinA. K. Coolidge Franklinidichargedfro tiepDisonient
for delivery in this city, or to be forwarded to Bal- of Jere Advmrn on the wrst by lands of Eli Baird, Ms L. Hard and E. Williams. ago; that no intelligence has since been re- 2 steps 9 ft. long, 17D inch tread, 10 in. high. C*aiborne . H, debt withi the aitrict
timore, or to points on the line of the road, will The srame Lyman and Minerva, who has for her For sale at ceived of him; requiring him, if living, or, if he be 2 steps 7 ft. 81 in. long, 17 in. tread, g Drain Mrs. R. Davenport Mrs. E. A.of inson M o rs whe D istrct
hnweafter be subject to the following regulations, of guardian ad litem Stephen Pierce, partition thereof Jan 29 TODD'S Drug Store. dead, his legal representative%, to make himself or 2 steps 7 ft. 1 in. long, 17 in. tread, 10 in. high. Drain Mrs. Davnor Mrs. nine o'Clock, on M. na y the o f roo, at
which those interested will please take notice: between them to be made, (according- to the laws [N E M R I G ,o h oei hcad themselves known; to set forth any claim which 2 steps 6 ft'. 7 in. long, 17A in. tiead, 10 in. high. Dodds Mrs.DavsDws~nohnAaronpwheneoeoehseedtr"m.ta the usedOr tt natndh n an
]at, The freight and charges on all goods con- and customs of this ..m ,,eihin such case NEM RRAE 14or3 the BR Eeplerk
sigedto individul bfrteirneoalo this ciyepit ot.; be done, do not permit, very unjustly, and against result fr(,m certain unions, and Deformity, Disease, ho sretrdead;dgigntcehati Thirgetw wind er and p 61f.3 in. atsa loend red10 in. Dunn, Jseph. DE. Fi. Danrie Lt. J.
must be paidtbefoffre d the r treoansportiom mtheDpt the ame laws anrd customs, (as tis i ad, etc.' and and Inwanity from others, demonstrated by delinea- he or they shall fail, before the next terfn, to make atlage nad1hn.tsml nted1 n Dumnou Count .F Deoughty Lte Chevalier OOSAN HOS vr
2d, S~ Comdte fee o rn sportation m 31 himSi^ Sself^ orK ^ thmele known thatp-EP1 theEEPSiN Court evirlo
be distinctly marked, and be accompanied by a have you then and there this writ. tions of the structure, and forms and descriptions himsef to disposees kofwny iteret while C ourt w Feb hg.w [NtDIt]emSednu Chas. Do Frsaey Roderaick 3. ee sig tn-omsae HT
listinst, licate, o n he nu m paned, dsitno W neshhonorable Ji N Conynham, of the functions and capacities which each parent oey to dhaveiptoeo estate of t he sad Thorma Feb10- _w_[atIt.-----din-Cas Dorsey Robeit e aeT R arte, rceived at uusupplyo
president of our said Court at Towanda, this 19th In every pair bestows on children, in conformity sE. ll
packages to be forwarded, the name of the dayo feeme,-89 with certain natural laws, and by an account of Priest, sr. deceased. And the Court doth further r 'HE INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS.- Evans Estwick kEihthal Le Baron G. lwpieLde'Mrcosipr rm7
gnee, and of the party forwarding the same, da, in 1oa a a d o ra d eh a c t r i r d r d
otherwise they cannot be received. DAVID CASH, Prothonotary, per e,,_ .,h,: lee intereitgoaim ls;adjudge, order ofn the cm sriee, o th is aaCcourt, Meiie so Thisetrariay baan edn ithal so naturgatiecnsl 1 hc ocOwligsosfo l
The Company will nottbe responsible for damage J. M. WAT[TLES, Deputy. -v" 'h .:,gh ,-Imra~ire, Drawings, by A~exander 6faenby potone of the Ce mstate r of Thom s P oriet, srMotediciane onjstiytbaiance, ant wthecannsontua possible Mr.LF.
arising from leakage or breakage, nor will they be All persons interested in the premises above de- Walker. A fresh supply thii day received, and 6f any which hafs not heretofore been iestr, injuryeven t he m ost delicate, at the same tyme~if used ply ch John F.r Sor in 5 .
reposilefo dmae llge to have been re- scribed, will take notice of the above wilt and its for sale by W. M. MORR1LON, deeaed whc ha no hereomssorer been dtai- injurcee a b m one s to prdue frea te evacuatimeofnse lby J ohn"" Fowle SearesnBg ''t~eyl have y one case tlna P of gellmn' lg t Fench
responsible fo .............. . .......... ......... buted; and that the said com missioner w. ti, uc a m anner as to produce free evae a o by F rh r R h rda r hid L g ab ot ey n a .
ceiedbyan god orcomoitesi nsp reuiemnt. H SEPEN, taf.Frazer S. Pletcher Charles B.
eeiv0d by ny oo orcmmoditiestlansported b requirements. 1. H. STEPHENS, Shff. ----- AITMENT OV TATE,: t he legatees or distributees of Thomas Priest, de- the bowels, it is absolutely impossible for pain ",^ orrMi n New Yorkfir, t preO~ium slippers. Also, the water.
thm, unlessthelaim shal 0 made beforetle Sheriff's Office,'Towanda, Dec. W0, 1S39. Washington, Feb. 7, 1840. ceased, interested in the same, and the portions distress, of any kind, to continue log in the body. Freeman Joh Faowlr Mpo leather-soled India lubber shoes for ladies
rem. val of the goods from the Depot. Further, Dec 30-w6wcp BNFORMATION has been received that, in ton- 'thereofto which they are respectively entitled, and The reason is plain: ti-y cleanse the system of F r hagan Nerms cash.
if go.hichsahave been transporte on t] formity to at adjustment which ha- been ef- that the commissioner make report of his proceed- those humors which are opposed to health, and FentonO.R. Opposite S. J.Todd's drugRstore, Pennsylvani
road be not received or taken away by their con-H AP, TONIC.-For producing a fine growth elected with the British Government of the amount inis to the Court, stating specially any matter therefore invalids may use them with a certainty of Gu Graham Lt. Campbell
signers or owners, on the day of their arrival at the IB. of Hair, many testimonials accompany each to be paid to the owners of the slaves in the cases that he may deem pertinent, or that may be re- always obtaining relief, and persevere in the use of Guy WMaria Greenfield Henry aPenIe. Fe CHECKt
Depot, the Company will not be responsible for bottle. The following is from a disinterested of the Comet and Encomium, payment has been quired by any party to be so stated, them, with an equal certainly of being cured. Grse Miss L. M aria Geel d and
or pay any claims for loss or damage which may source, is worthy of attention. made to the bankers of the United States at A copy-test. WM. F. PHILLIPS, Clk. In all disordered motions of the blood, called In Gberson Gilbert L. Garlic, M. D. Theodatus anD
be sustained by such goods; in other words, if JAYNE'S HAIR ToMc.-We hav, heretofore Lrndon. Jan 6-law3m termiltent, Remittent, Nervous, Inflammatory, and Goddard Thomas Gardner Jos. B. wt bY
[goods, as above described, be permitted to remain numbered ourselves among those who believed that To enable those concerned to bring forward their NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 9, 1839. Putrid Gehon H. Mr2. CHARLES wantedRbE
i or on the ears on the railway, or at the Depot, "Alibert's Hair Tonic," sold by Dr. Jayne, was claims, the basis upon which the adjustment was OFFICE OF THE GRAND REA, ESTATE LOTTERY. FEVERS, H. F f HAL ,. H0arM--,
one or more nights after their arrival, they will one of the many quack nostrums whose virtues made is here stated. he Indias regeived Prom willcbe00 ty el500c.rtaigaeilleMissn-is ha n bd nW nBOusrcv M.
remain so at the exclusive risk of the owners or are never seen beyond the fulsome panffis of their 1. The whole number of slaves shipped on board (fHE depositing- of the numbers in the wheels remedy; because they cleanse the Sctomach and ^ hmsLeHl~t at zke ~ ob .TYOteHr oko
cotsigners. authors. We are willing, at length, to make pub- the Comet, in the District of Columbia, was 164, 1 commenced on the 2d inst. in the City Er- Bowels of all bilious matter, and purify the blood; Haile Dr. ThomasLee HaleGt. Capt. Ezekiel Cri ng, the Ha rd Book on
Thehours foi.Tweceiving and delivering good lie acknowledgment of the error of our belief. An and a child was born on the passage, making in all change, in New Orleans, in presence of Lucielo consequently, as they remove the cause of every Huesndr w 4 Hutchiwon Rev. E. C.a2vBook o': Hand of Dond
will, until further notie,e be from 9 a. m. until intimate friend, some twoor three months since, 165. From this number 19 were deducted for Hermann, esq. notary public, and will be conti kind of disease, they are absolutely certain tocure Hall P. H. Howard Capt. W. A. mesf Medicine,,, I. ga, of Short Hand,
4 ,m By order, all the top of whose cranium was as bald as a whom no compensation was allowed, v;z: 11 that nued from day to day until all the numbers, from every kind of Fever.
Slec'13 SAM. 11TETTINIU, Agent. piece of polished marble, maugre all our jesting escaped from the vessel as fugitives, while in cus- No. I to 100,000 are deposited therein; iame- So also when morbid humors ate deposited upon Hill Miss Mary Harrison Thomasiley e ra ldry itself, of izto be Gardied ia
*' and ritleule of the Idea .of attempting to cultivate tody of their owners, and before seizure by the co- diately after which the drawing of the lottery will ihe membrane and muscle, causing those pains, in- Hace cassing t e p i- Hicks Misby Harriet Hawkins James az to Fe 1
.plendid (Tarr*--s, so barren a spot, purchased a bottle or two of the ,onial authorities; 5 that returned to servitude in take place. During this period, which will proba- nammationD, and ,wellings, coiled Hicks Mis T.rC.e2Harwly Col. Win. poeke-.-Fe----
S air Tourlc Dr. Ja n.-, and according to his the United States, and did not remain at Nassau, bly take about four months, and as long as there RHEUMATISM, GOUT, &c. Hindman L. B. Hary W. W.
PHILADELPHI.a CO./CB ,lirEcti.un; anp.'.-d it. During the present week and, that died, (including the infant boin on the are tickets on hand, they will remain for sale. The Indian Vege-able Pills may be relied on as Hende rEPENDENCE OF THE UNITED
X.M.1UMF. CTORY,Nlos.288and the same friend ushered himself into our presence, passage,) leaving 146 of the Comet's targo to be False a&d calumnious statements' Egain',- ih'i always certain to give relief, and if persevered wilh Hepburn John M. Hilton John
*Bila B- 2vul, Race st.-L. KNOWLES, aud uncovering his hitherto naked head, astonished paid for. Insurance having been made on that lottery, calculated to create a want of cornfihj:nci 'will most assuredly, and without fail, make a per- aset R B. Houlhau Robine TATEd f thERItAla By Gerge Ale ,
for A. KN0WLES, begs leave very respectfully us with a thin, though luxuriant growth of hair, number, valued at $70,000, that amount was taken with persons residing at a distance from this city, feet cure of ihe above painful maladies. From Haso T 'Mountjoy Hos alk Mrs. Emity '., : seventh edition, revised and corrected, iu
to return his grateful thanks to the citizensof Phila- from one to two inches in length-upon the very as the value of the 146 slaves lor whom compensa- having been published in one or two newspapers three to six of said Indian Vegetable Bills, taken o s , --.. for sale at the Book and Stationery
delphia, and to his friends throughout the Union, premises we had believed as unyielding to cultiva- tion was to be made of the Comet's cargo, in United States, and from them copied into every night on going to bed, wll, in a sh rt time, Hopkinson Dr. Joseph Henderson Mrs. L. A.
for the large and increasing patronage he has re- tion as the trackless sand that skirts the Atlantic. 2. The number of slaves on board the Enco- others, and which ei her originated from ignorance completely rid the body of all morbid and corrupt Over P. Humphreys H.oe fe
neared since he commenced business, and inorms This is no puff, but is religiously true, and, t those mium was 45. For 33 of these only compensation or mnalice, the subscriber, in order to satisfy the humors: and rheumatism, gout, and pain of every Jone Won. T. Inle Dr. Edward1
them that he has now on hand, and is constantly who doubt, the gentleman can be pointed out. What was made, on the ground that 12 had returned with most sceptical as to the good faith with which th:s description, will disappear as if by magic. Jones D Walter Jeffres Mathias
finishirg, CARRIAGES of every pattern and die- is more in favor of this "Tonic," the case here their owners to the United States. Of the whole undertaking is conducted, has entered into the fol- For the same reason, when, from sudden changes on D. Wle J a AorerR' Pecuharto aac usash desirableidgellingthein
scription, which he will warrant both as to the du- cited was not one of temporary baldness-no sud- number 13 only had been injured, at the value of lowing arrangement with three of the first banking of atmosphere, or any other cause, the perspiration James Aaron E. JohnsonMiss E. the Frst ward, F street, (adjoining Col.lldwards'
ability of the workmanship and elegance of finish, den loss of the hair-but was one or'years' stand- $6,200. Assuming the same rate of valuation for institutions in this city, namely: the Union Bank is checked, and those humors which should pass Jones Gen W. Jeers Mos. E. Commissioner ot Pensions and in the immediate
In consequence of various circumstances, such ing, though the gentleman is but forty-five years of the residue, the amount allowed for the cargo of the of Louisiana, the Citizens Bank of Louisiana, and off by the skin, are thrown inwardly, causing head- William 2 Johnsongandeco.REdw. "icniy of the Attorney General's,) he proposes
as the entire saving of the cost of transportation age.-Philade'phiaSpirt ofthe Times of Oct.21,1839. Encomium was 15,739. To these snms interest at 4 t w Orlean: Canal and Banking Company ache, nausea and sickness, pains in the bones, wa- Jarenting it by the month, with the furniture, incld-
and the expense of the damage incident thereto, For sale at per centum, from the time of seizure until the pro- These banks will receive special deposiles for any tory and inflamed eyes, sore throat, hoarseness, Joh ing a first rate piano, wih is well selected, the
the saving of large commissions to agents, and the Nov."2 TODD'S, Drug Store. bable time of payment, estimated at 27,360, was quantity of tickets, in amounts of not less lhan coughs, consumption, rheumatic pains in various ohnson oe V. same as new, and complete throughout. Also the
reduction in the price of labor, he will sell car- - 0 LAIMANT. FRANCI A DICK1NS added, and for expenses at Nassau $1,900. one hundred dollars, and give, in return, a cetif- parts of the body, and many other symrptoms of domestics, groceres, wood, coal and vegetables,
riages and other vehicles, manufactured in a first CLAIMANTS.-FRANCIS A. DICKINS Those interested in the cargoes of the above at of the following tenor: CATCHING COLD, Keysrden ce wil. S g wBj C Ka
rate and superior style, at thirty-five per cent. u11- Received from Mdr. the sum of ) do. The Indian Vegetable Pills will'invariably give im- Kerrs Miss Eizabeth Kerr and MrLane Pan private premsdes whll do w ll ba
der the prices of last year. before Congress, and other branches of the Go State the evidence necessary to establish their right lets, as a special deposit-, to remain to his credit mediate relief. Three or four pills, taken at night
All orders thankfully received and promptly indemnity, and to enable the Department to until all the prizes which form the scheme of the on going to bed, and repeated a few times, will re- Kirkwood Thomas W p Jh A made known The house is brick and two story,
executed. and the various public offices. He will attend to make an apportionment of the money to be paid; Grand Real Estate Lottery of Property situated in move all the above unpleasant symptoms and re- L F L. exclusive of the basement, and well finished garret
In consequent of his constant personal atten-pre-emption and other land claims, the procuring which will be taken into consideration as soon as New Orleans, of which Schmidt and Hamilton are store the b'dy to even sounder health than it waF Lynch Miss Elly Lyons Lucius 3 rooms Feb. 10 5t
tion to the business in Philadelphia, he is able to of patents !or public lands, and the confirmation Lhe claimants for each vessel, re cpecti3elye eaaee, efire. TThesamomayybesaidr a s .. rI FUAT enop
"Itecamnsfrec esl epciey managers, sh. 11 have been transferred, free of anD hLaie.eThesamesmaMbe sadOOfRDFFICUOTROSALE.JohheLtsmescriberM
warrant that all carriages shail be in a superior by Congress of grants and claims to lands; claims fikd iheir applications at the Department. The encumbrance to the trustees of said INttery: J. B. BREATHING, or ASTHMA. The Indian Vegetable LeetJo n
style of finish and workmanship to any heretofore f horses and other property lo.t in otakenfor pt invested are earnestly requested to attend Peault, esq. cashier of the Ctizens Bank of Lou- Pill. will loosen and carry off, by the stomach and LtGen Win. 2 Lowry James H. -ihisbusiness
manufactured at Amherst, Massachusetts. the service of the United States; property destroyed 10 this notice without delay. Feb ll--eol~t isiana; Amedee A. Baudoin, cashier of the Conso- bowels, those tough phlegmy humor which stop up LihelEda eryJrma Sei hi w~uenDll eetdsok rcre n tr
ofth nina te hrtstn tice. United States;^ inairvltoayPay i ROPOSALS for carrying the mails of the ldte ssoito fBnesof Louisanjonyte ar els te ln% n are the oause of the Mil Joh W. S ^ ^ MasyMssEiaet fte nxiedtr f he ndahf ya
N.B o rkhwagonatts of eer pttrn finished in dows' and half-pay pensions; claims for Revolu- United States from the 1st of May, 1840, to withLouis SItit saidl trsusteeemsre taeItii Vgg as pereL; above dreadfullseofthestnd. Toaoypelonaihnnt.
the. most superior anner, unhand, and willb tionary services, whether for commutation, half- the 30th of June, 1842, on the following post en^^^^tbePlsaecrant eoe ani h ie avlcalsM n/ gage in the grocery business, this presents a fine.
sold far belowth~e prcs of ahy wic have been pa, or bounty ,ands--as well those against the route, will be received at the Department until the the 2d May, 1839,whesacidr~ m --opplasshf t e Plsin narse eraindt rckem~ove p fappin i t e side, aon. e nAB2opruiyo bann is-aesado a
heretf re feedfrsal ti city State of Virginia as the United States; all claims 1st day rf April next, at 3 o'clock, p. mn. to be de- sad otteyon hs ndrsing tis certificate eotteness, a yellow tinge of the skin and eyes, Maxel John MelnA.B ess, ogether withagod ru of uto.The
L. K. having made arrangrements with the growing out of ontraets with the Government, or cided by the next day. r-n Sand every other symptom of uetcal Ralph MrrtiTo mixasn hse isonte corner of F and 15th streets, oppo-
Trenton manufactory ofCarraeBwSn etdmgsssaue ncneuneo h cino IN KENTUCKY. New Orleans, 18 __ LIddVER FOPAITr ank Murray r Mite Anne raur nlm. Fo atclr
Felos, hwill eep constnl nhn eea conduct of the Government; auni indeed any bust- No. 3306. From Rusllil, by Greenvil~e resfrtet ,n e Cabov e r.em LIVE CO PAeT Becats they nerg Treomr buldng Fody ,h~ orp J mt ya H T ~ "CA paErtiars
a _ortmet of al-size-and-paterns-f-thos arti ness befo e ngrs for t~he T ^ puli ofiewic P'aryvisc Mandisonvle, ; andonerr y wayve Pofi- Orer for tekuisian a th ebve Cher wa esq Because they pargeyfoff thoe bodumorse whchorrp Wn g MiormiCapJ. W~. inqore ofntheen' drsuscad riber.n.Aso a
W Hes JRS, maeo h ,eybs monterls, Lwhe a hd wqilmy reur hMi fa gn r tony i ecAhad C^arlo an d LogoF~~ri an- a ddressed of at mrhaei New Orleans Cana aby B andkin g nthuoswi, endpiedpnMaernad Smith^^ %^^^ Mobsle Jame H.- b1-3 HA.E PEM
dis Rpos e r of atrdee rcaes, deie nte h aemrges wilre moderante, C panyd deedn pont .fil,9 m.rives atd boractie aW-ekdne s tares ad remi-tance o the cashiers of thislter taouw oumedspecLially one thrningusdenl rof he bovedangeros MCellartinS? F. B.caiW ill ^lwt ,i^^^
Deewto Pr9 v amniCacllrsCut o untMr oF. the Dclais knd w the e moe t of th o serie days ofb eeky trip s tobm.fomdb the a anks owt h rede^h rick Fray esq cs hie r osJ -s of thmopan.T ey more-nlso a mmer a tinprene of te" ^ -F -2 K r onFb73f
re ixhsur ales Bnh Bi out w o h Ageb ent in onres itheA rian Life lasu- ofe Providne Mraned Tuendlys and Sonedyayo o a t4 hes Ciizn s Ban^ oLuiaa;B.Chweq.Beraunisanithy, candevry off thoer hu sorsderch ofbth McKen on of ? Y. Me~oymc Mr. Hotme l, a e and eaatasortmetof__ot__ap

C~mmon Pleas, Court of Review, &c. fully and years, or who have occupied any public station at a. m. arrive at Russellville Thursdays and Toes- tes and the partes inerstedtherinre knonbrain-in saiy ndveyohrdsodro.h Me "rego r Jh H Mc~ricjr. BJa--------es---
a-Arately reported by eminent batmisters expressly Washington. days by 10 . m. rbetoni fidsadheD ioloe ONE WORR TO THE SEDENTARY t McPherson Henry H. McGlue John B.
for this work. His office is on Pennsylvania avenue, second iProposals for ira-weekly service, in stages, on scie to notify ^Tos hio labord withi ther publld reeoe los p"nln TN.m isClmi n flH a ^
penwe; in this series they will all be given forteven All letters must be post paid. July 18.-dly Prop(osals for tii-weekly service, in four horse LOUIS SCMiDT ta t is thely feuentl foreathe apr tospher e whan ion Nofth e Mor s.aoeJBors Mis AColumlbiaT
dollars per annum, in twelve large monthly num _- --- - -- -- post coaches, will also be considered; the bidder Acting Manager. iswolyuf o the prope r li e, xpngt ansio of te- NorrsonM. Anthny Neo Jorhn
bets, with the farther advantage of getting tbem T-ENETIA.--By D'tsraeli, author of Vivian stating the day of departure and airival for the Ne ren s, Dee.2 l! 13. ugs nd the boesame otimefociengtly evantofed- NesnMs n Neisborner John
much earlier than they have heretofoie been sup- V Grey, priee 50 cents; published at 1 .25. third weekly trip. Dee 21-2- w.n------er---,-e, the bk o w eoms, ipreo suaiintd headacuaeidie-- wn ^ O. S
plied to the profession. Henrietta Temple, by the .same author, pr.ce 50 Proposals for semi-weekly service, in stages, [TIEW OF THE STATE OF EUROPE din- tide, palpitadion of the heart, and many other dis- Overstreet James lF. Ogden David B.
The first numbers may be examined at F. TAY- ceats; published at 1 25. r vr from Hopkirsyille, via Mad sonvi'le, to Henderson, ^r ing the Middle Age;, by Henry Helium, agreeable symptoms, are sure to follow. -. P"ra rW S^S 3 y ^ SI
LOR'S B.r.k, -ore, where subscriptions wilt be re- Jan 10 __ ____ TAYLOR. 64 miles and back, wall also be considered, from the sixth London edition, complete in 1 vol. THE INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS Pi ?rce B-..,, Parbam Dr. Win.K^g^ ^a~~^ .
coined, and the work forwardedl to any part of the prf HE FARMER'S COMPANION.-By Jesse Proposals for tin-weekly service iu states, or in is for sale cheap at the Book and Stationery Store Being aecleauser of the Stomach and Bowel!-, and Payne Lawrenc p.rr' jSamelh f.[I.'1 -*^ ^"B Bli''~^
United States, strongly enveloped, and at a trifling I a Buel. late E,'itor of The Cultivator; being four horse post coaches, wilt al-o be comidered, of W. M. MORRI'SON', a DIRECT PURaIFIER of the Blood, are certain not Pag Gd. W. r~' r P~a~i t n Josephl :' ^^.i -i*^^/'S fl

postage. Jan 4 Essays on the principles and practice of American NOTES. Dee 30 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel. only to remove pain or dis%1res of every kind from ............ ............ "', --:- '-rs-.-'-S:. ..l,"j.q",ai'i"
Hanry; containing also many valuable ta- 1. The role, the sum, the mode of service, and- the body, but, if used occasionally, so as to keep o Pa Enc Picei Gn K.
STREET ACADEMY, CLASSICAL AND blesUand othertmatter useful to the Farmer-is ust the residence of the bidder, should be distinctly NGLISH SYNONYMES, with copious II- the body free if use umorswhich are the Pemtt nertngee Wm ..
MI' M ATH- EMATICAL, NEAR TWELFTH published, price one dollar, and this day received _,tated in each bid. E lustrations and ,Explanations, drawn from CAtUSE Of EVERY MALADY UNDER HEAVEN, they Preston Miss Sally -:--_3-4--. __- =--_
1^^ IEAICL ER ^^ , .^ "1110 ^ ^ ^ ^R. -H'B'AMMOND'3 IMPROVED "PATENT
STREEr, OPPOSITE KRAFFT*S BAKERY. for ale )y F. TAYLOR. 2. No proposal will be considered unless it be the best writers. A new edition, enlarged, by will most assuredly promote such a just and equal R p Miss Catharine 1 FIRPLACE FR THE CURE OF'
BThn.Et~,gda gradate oBAf. he USBAersitYor -aieij--accompanied by a guarantee, signed by one orr Gene Crabb, M. A. author of the Uhrverfa circulation of the B:ooJ, that hosewholead a se-
T heE W KOVE L. -T he ? p:. ', by Captain m ore responsible persons, in the U ni:. I foir "F. rt, .,.'. -g ,el Dictionary and the U niversal Itao- den tr y l in eje a R u ser M iss Em ily M oK IN G CH IM N EY S T his invention is of .
-V Ree NOVE.-Th Ruper Captain mor resotedl pesos tie pubhi f.s hfvrug Dictonar upon the Unvrsltten-e aesRisml
Vienna, has opened a school for the instruction of Cbamier, author of the Lile L.,a Sailor, Jack viz: drcal Distionary, is for sale by y SOUND HEALTH, Reed Robin Rurert Gideon C.
pupils irI the various branches of a thorough edu- Adtams, &c. in 2 vols. Jumt received and for sale "The undersigned guaranty that if W. M. MORRISON, nd the fluds of the body will be restored to such Ray Miss Mary Ricketts Richard ion of all who regard comfort at their domestic
caton. Among these wibl be taught the Greek W W. M. MORRISON, his bid for carrying the mail from to Dec 30 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel. astate of purit, that DISFASE OF ANY KIND Rowe Dr. Samuel A. s J W. firesides. It unites in i.sWcousruct.on the principles
LaDi, and French languages, Mathematics and-be accepted by the Postmaster General, WIL-LB S TELY I MPIBLE. Rose, jr. Arthur B. 2 Ridley Win. M. S.of the rae and open fireplace; possessing all the
Drawing. ORINCIPLES OF STATISTICAL INQUI- shall enter into an obligation prior to the st day o1FLES, MUSKETS, PISTOLS, &c. &c.- WILL BE ABSOLUaTELYFM, O N IT :; Rbin John W. Ruby Miss Mary Ann advantages of beth, without their defects, and is
French is to be, as far as practicable, the la n- V RY, as illustrated in proposals for uniting an May nt, with good and sufficient sureties to per- ItR N, p & Co., No. 134, North 2d g.- ORTm Remmington Wm. Rogers Miss BridgeFt warranted to cure, or no pay. Peons desire
guage of conversation. Examination into the Resources of the United States fomhes street, Philadelphia, Manufacturers of Firearms of W G Cook,3NorhG A sret, Richard Robert K. 2 Ramsay Capt. Wri. H. (f i,, ,chr,-,.g Slate of County right, will apply
The number of scholars is to be limited, and, as with the Census to be taken in 1840, by Archibald "DaD ,18I0." every description, and, from their extensive facili- OFFICE O ,e ut .*,it.r., post paid, DPhephrdOTn, Va.
several are already engae.I, it is desirable that Russell, just published and for sale by .Tis hold be accompanied by the certificate of ties and long experience, can fill all orders en- Race street, PHILADELPHIA. I Feb 7-1y Shaw and Co. T.J. Scott Gastavus DOGT. THGS AMMOND.
thin who wish toonir ih institntiou may send W. M. MORRISON, a ostma'terorotherequivalent testimony, thatntrested to thean ith promptness, and on the best -6mSmith Thos. D. Smith James The casii .M b. seen, and terms made
in their names at an early day. i te h n HEAP DRY GOODS.-Bing desirous of the guarantors are men of property and able to ter6s.DmOOTHACHE! TOOTHACHE!! TOOTH- Smyth John Smilley Wm. R. known, t, c.,li~ng at Clement Woodward'sStove .
Public examinations will be instituted reducing our stock preparatory to taking an makegood this guarantee. pTORR AND MORTIMER, of New Bond ACHE!!!-WM. BROWN, Chemist, 481 Sloan William l aory, Pennsylvaa avene between 10 and
ofTermsmoderate. Payments quarterly, iuad- Invetory, we now offer our goods at ten per cent. PlaThis guarantee being required by law, no S street, London, manufacturing silversmiths Washington street, Boston. Masq. has invented an Smith Ge. W. Swigard Michael llth streets, who wiU act as agent for the patented.
vainoe. rlee.s than former prices, and r," qurellly request exemptioncan be allowedin favorof oldcontractors, and jewellers, beg leave to announce that they have article that will remove this tormenting pain-re- Swann Mrs. Louisa Stewart W. H. Feb-4--od--
The -undersigned will continue to give, in the our customers and purchasers generally to call and railroad companies, or any other companies or per- just arrived, with a new and fashionable assort move all soreness of teeth, and fit them to be filled; Smith Mrs. Ann T1'. Simms Gustavus
evening, private lessons in the above languages, as examinefor themselves. sons whatsoever. meant of Jewellery, Plate, and plated articles, of the and will remove all unpleasant smell of the breath Simms Miss Elizvbeth S.olon Edward[-'-
in the Getman, Italian, and Spanish. Dee g21--eo6t A. W. & J. E. TURNER. For the prohibition against entering into combi- very best quality and workmanship, which are now when occasioned by defective teeth. It is consi- Swan Miss Sarah Sanford John .. yR .,-contalns a t wo o lumes,
iiese ssinIi Aleandepa m ir J H. nations to prevent bidding, and for the terms and ready for inspection at their rooms, 20 Warren dered by the inhabitants of Boston a great and Smith jr. W. Sans ory James W. antai st a mount of doc um
Rn111e s-J. -M.sWison, andehis num itrous p .i now; OREIGN REVIEWS.-Subscribers to the conditions of the contracts to be entered into, see street, near Broadway, New York. valuable discovery; thousands have already availed Smoot Jas. H. 3 Shaekelford James reports an, istics, exgish of Eu -
Oey,J. S.Wilson,andhis nmerousrpupinow bication of the London Quaarterly, Fo- the last annual advertisement in Kentucky, Ten--themselves of this never failing remedy. For theSword Capt. 2 Spedden Edward ,n, ,nthu,< p.- ev.:lu thilg of Curr
reeivngprat e lessons.a lst of whommaybe n, Edinburgh, London and Westminster Re. nessee, and other States of the Southwestern see- ENDERICH'S PORTRAITS of the President, genuine article, call for "Wm. Brown's Extract of scott Geo. StrotherJoieph T.,an te.oadcmpn'a ry that oa ever
CHARLES KRAITSIR, M.D. views, B~ackwood's Magazine, Bentley's Miseel- fion, issued on the 6th of June, 1837. The bids J ? Vice Piesident, Messrs. Rives, Forsyth, Be'" "all and Kreosote," and observe my signature. Smith John L. 2 Saltmarsh D. A. 2 ra n M a docul entary tha raHiea t has ever
P.CS. HARgi LESam. t ahth rd-lany and Metropolitan, are hereby respectfully should be sealed and directed to the first Assistant ton, Webster, Clay, Kendall, Tallmadge, Wood- Fo s a TODD'S Drug Store. Shadh Benufander Strader Capt. Chas. M.! 2 b F. T AYLor
naPy.bah S. pg. hle eo m n, anintem- informed that their subscription tor the year 1839 Postmaster 'General, endorsed "Proposals," with bury, Poinsett, Wall, Calhoun, Southard, Polk, Jan 30 Smith ames S., Suepherlad Ba.eb.TAYLOR.
nary branche of ah route.e edrunii.y, can finy otesemlo hm aw Smith Jamues T. Shepherlad J..ThOUOUomFaTOs raiaedfo
poenar irncthes fmiyo f a grl e r e mJcinan residing has expired, and, unless the In ice of each woik is the number ofterue.Gnad ayohesalo the rue rny n ayohralo hm acknow---------------mh~ul8 abra(..SRFLU FETOSeaiae rm
had eird andvunce, (a the ply1ite tferms, nor AMSKNAiegdtsete etprrisee rdcd nteJsp hlyG-.J
ploymenti l he faimly c,l" a geunteman residing paid iu advance, iagi~aably to the terms,) nO AMOS KENDALL. lodged to be the best portraits ever produced in the iMufrputblisbed, the pateiotic Speech of Pober Steel Jnsph Shelby G>-. J. ,heer.nsiii,,ioonby a jitdiciotmsase ofDr. Ihelps't
near the Ditrictnt of Columbia, by applyinle to the PaTaUTpbihdteptitcSeeho oe te
subscrib able to teach music ah6.o would be further numbers wdl be received at Stationer's POST Oricz DEPAIITMNMT, United States, are just received, and for sale by ( Emmett, in a neat form for framing. For .Tomao Pills.
*)rshmd able Hall. W. FISCHER, Febrwry.4, 1840. S law4w Jan 1 F. TAYLOR. sale at FOY'S Refectory, Thore Lewis 2 Taylor John T.
pwl~~l~flk tVt^S


TMUCsMAY, February 13, 1840.
Mr. CLAY presented the petition of Michael
It. Barton, praying for the abolition of slavery.
He said that he presented this rapt r in deference
to the right of petition, which he admitted in its
full force. He thought the crisis of this unfortu-
nate agitation was passed; it was certainly passed
when Congress convened in December last.
Whether the political uses which have since been
made of it may not revive it, and revive it in a
more imposing form, he was not prepared to say
Mr. C. took occasion to express the grat fiction
which he had derived, during the last summer,
from the perusal of some valuable works from
Northern pens on the subject of Abolition, and he
considered them the ablest derences of Son-hern
institutions which he had seen. He designated
"The Review of Dr. Channirg Reviewed," by
a distinguished citizen of Boston; "Abolition a
Sedition;" and "Some Thoughts on Domestic S'a-
very;" which were sold at Mr. Frank Taylor's
book store on the avenue, this side of Gadsby's.
In the last named work, which contained many
profound philosophical truths, the propositicn was
presented with uncommon force, that two commu-
mities of distinct races cannot live together with-
out the one becoming more or less in subjection to
the other. Mr. CLAY had called the writer's atten-
tion to the illustration given to his argument by
Lord Durham, in his report on the condition of
Canada, ibmitted to the British Government. He
expressed the firmest conviction that whoever
would read that report would come to the same
ctnlusion which was arrived at by the author of
C 'Thoughts on Domestic Slavery." Lord Dur-
ham states, as his decided opinion, after much ob-
servation of the French and British residents in
Canada, that they cannot live together harmoni-
ously, and that it is utterly impossible to hope for
peace and tranquillity in these provinces, except
by making one portion of the inhabitants subordi.
nate to the other.
Mr. CALHOUN said he rose to exp:.ess the
pleasure he felt at the evidence which the remarks
of the Senator from Kentucky furnished of the pro-
gres of truth en the subject of Abolition. He had
spoken, with strong approbation, of the principle
laid down in a recent pamphlet, that two races, of
different character and origin, could not co-exist
in the same country, without the subordination of
the one to the other. He was gratified to hear the
Senator give assent to so important a principle, in
application to the condition of the South. He had
himself, several years since, stated the same, in
more specific terms; that it was impossible for two
races, so dissimilar in every respect as the European
and African, that inhabit the Southern portion of this
Union, to exist together in nearly equal numbers,
in any other relation than that which existed there.
He also added, that experience had shown that
they could so exist in peace and happiness there,
certainly to the great benefit of the inferior race;
and that to destroy it, was to doom the later to de-
struction. But he uttered these important truths
then in vain, as far as the side to which the Sena-
tor belongs is concerned.
He trusted the progress of truth would not, how-
ever, stop at the point to which it has arrived with
the Senator, and that it will make some progress in
Regard to what is called the right of petition.
Never was a right so much mystified and magni-
fied. To listen to the discussion, here and e'se-
where, you would suppose it to be the most essen-
tial and important right: so far from it, he un-
dertook to aver that, under our free and popu-
lar system, it was among the least impor-
tant of all our politicalrights. It had been super-
seded, in a| great degree, by the far higher right
of general suffrage, and by the practice, now so
common, of instruction. There could be no local
grievance but what could be reached by these, ex-
cept it might be the grievance, affecting' a mino-
rity, which could be no more redressed by petition,
than by them. The truth is, that the right of peti-
tion vould scarcely be said to be the right of a free-
man. It belongs to despotic Governments more
properly, and might be said to be the last right of
of slaves. Who ever heard of petition in the free
States of antiquity? We had borrowed our notions
in regard to it from our British ancestors,
with whom it had a value, from their imper-
feet representation, far greater than it has
with us; and it is owing to that it has a place
Sat all in our Constitution. The truth is. that the
right has been so far superseded, in a political
point of view, that it has ceased to be what the Con-
snitutuon contemplated it to be-a shield to protect
against wrongs-and has been perverted into a
sword to attack the rights of others-to cause a
grievance, instead of the means of redressing
grievances, as in the case of Abolition petitions.
The Senator from Ohio [Mr. TAPPAN] has viewed
this subject in its proper light, and has taken a truly
patriotic and constitutional stand in refusing to pre
sent these fire-brands, for which I heartily thank
him, in the name of my State. Had the Senator
from Kentucky followed the example, he would
have rendered inestimable service to the country.
Mr. CLAY said it was very true that the Sena-
tor from South Carolina might be the original in-
ventor of the idea respecting the two races, but,
like some other inventors, he had not derived much
.profit from the discovery. However, he had not
so much commended the idea as the manner in which
it, has been illustrated and enforced, by the auth'ir
of whom he had spoken. As to the right of peti
tion, he did not consider it a matter of such small
importance, or why was it guarded with such sedu-
lous care by the framers of our Coas'itution? He
was for respecting it; and he believed that if these
Abolition petitions were received and reported on,
and not so much harshness of language used in re-
gard to them, there would have been much lest ex-
citement than had been on this subject. But his
remarks were not in reference to the vote in the
House, but to the politicians and political newspa-
pers. With regard to the compliment paid to the Se-
nator from Ohio, [Mr. TAPPAIr,] it was well merit-
ed, and the merit was somewhat enhanced by the
understanding that that gentleman had heretofore
cnte.tained opposite sentiments.
Mr. TALLMADGE said that his views of the
right of petition had been submitted heretofore,
but he could not permit the remarks of the Senator
from South Carolina to pass without remark.
The Senator had said that we had derived this
right of petition from England anterior to our
struggle with that country, and that it had been
superseded, and rendered of trivial mpottance, by
the right of suffrage. It had been always consi-
dered a matter of the highe-t importance, both
before the Revolution and since that event-from
the first struggle of liberty in this country down to
the present time. In proof of this, he referred to
the sentiments on the subject which pervaded all
the public meetings immediately previous to and
during the Revolution, and which were expressed
in their resolutions and reports. With the same
object, also, he referred to that amendment to the
Constitution which guards the rieht, and prohi-
bits Congress from doing any thing to abridge it.
This was one of the amendments, the adoption of
"which was made by New York an express condi-
tion antecedent to her ratification of the Constitu-
tion; which event was principally to be ascribed
to the talents and eloquence of Alexander Hamil-
ton, who was described on this fIbor the other day

as being a man of only second rate abilities, and
an imitator. The right of petition went behind the
Constitution. The citizen has a right-to petition
even for that which Congre-s is prohibited by the
Constitution from granting. They may petition
for an alteration of the Constitution, so that you
may be enabled to grant it to them. His views on
Abolition were not changed; but he said, and said
four years ago, if they had not resisted the right of
petition there would have been infinitely less of
Abolition than had been.
Mr. CALHOUN. The Senator who has just
taken his seat, has assigned a very sen-
sible reason why our ancestors, who framed
the Constitution, placed so high a value on
the right of petition. It performed a promi-
nent part in the contest leading to the Revolu-
tion. Then we were subject colonies, and, as far
as the Government of Great Britain was concern-
ed, had no other mode of being heard but by peti-
tion. We had no representation in Parliament. But
the case is different now. Our Government, in every
Department, is under popular control. The people
have aright to speak directly to their public func-
tionaries; and it is absurd to say, under this
changed condition, that the r'ght is as important
as it was then, when it was our only weapon, and
that the right is so sacred as to be without limita-
tion. I ask the Senator whether he is ready to
carry out his theory of the right. I put three ques-
tions to him: Would he presents petition that vilified
this body, or any of the individuals of which it is
composed? Or would he present *a petition to
bolish the Bible and the Christian religion? Or

to legalize murder? I wish an answer to these
Mr. TALLMADGE. Ths Senator asks, would
I present a petition that would vilify this body. I
,ell him I woald not. S hIf-defence would prevent
me. As to a petition to abolish the Christian reli-
gion, I do not think there wi uld be much harm in
the presentation, if he could have it presented to a
committee of which the Senator would be chair
Mr. CALHOUN. Will the Senator go home and
tell hisconstituents that he is ready to present a pe-
tition to abolish Christianity? If so,and I do noti
mistake their character, they would soon abolish
him and his right of petition. But he ha' acknow-
ledged that the right has limitation. He would
not present one vilifying this body or Its members,
because self-defence would not permit it. But
why not receiveit, and put it down by a report, as
he propt-ses in the case of Christianity? Again, is
the principle of self-defence limited to this body? Is
not the defence of religion, morals, the Constitution,
and the character and right- of your constituents
and the State you represent, as important as that of
the defence ofourselves? And why not meet the one
at least as promptly and indignantly as the olhei?
Why not cldoe the door, on the principle of self-de-
fence equally against all'? It is useless to attempt
concealment. The presentation of these incendiary
petitions is itself an infraction of the Constitution.
All acknowledge-the Senator himself-that the
property, which they are presented here to destroy,
is guarantied by the Constitution. Kow, I ask, if
we have the right under the Consttution to hold
the property, (which nrine question,) have we not
also the right to hold it under the same sacred in-
strument in peace and quiet? Is it not a direct in-
fraction, then, of the Constitution, to present peti-
tiors here, in the common council ot the Union,
and to us, the agents appointed to carry its
provisions into effect, and to guard the rigit'
it secures, the professed aim of which is ti,
destroy the property guaranteed by the intrument?
There can be but one answer to these question-
on the part of those who pr;.?ent such petitions;
that the right of petition is higher and more
sacred than the Constitution and our oaths to pre-
serve and defend it. To such monstrous result
does the doctrine lead.
Sir, I understand this whole question. The great
mass of both parties to the North are opposed to
Abolition: the Democrats almost exclu-ivelyi the
Whieslessso. Very few are to befoundin the ranks
of the firmer; but many in that of the latter.
The only importance that the Abolitionists have,
is to be found in the fact, that their weight may be
felt in elections; and thii is no small ad-
vantage. The one party is unwilling to lose
their weight, but, at the same time, unwilling
to be blended with them on the main question; and
hence is made this false, absurd, unconstitutional,
and dangerous collateral issue on the right of petition.
Here is the whole secret. They are willingto playthe
political game at ourhazard and that of the Constitu-
tion and the Union, for the sake of victory at th2
elections. But, to show still more clearly how little
foundation there is in the character of our Govern-
ment for the extravagant importance attached to
this right, I ask the Senator what is the true relation
between the Government and the people, according
to our American conception ? Whch is principal
and which agent? which the master and which
the servant? which the sovereign and which the
subject? There can be but one answer. We are
but the agents-the servant's. We are not
the sovereign. That resides in the people
of the States. How little applicable, then, is this
boasted right of petition, under our system, to politi-
cal questions? Who ever heard of the principal
petitioning his agent-of the master his servant-
or of lhe sovereign his subject? The very essence oJ
a petition implies a request from ani inferior to a su-
perior. It is not, in tact, a natural growth of our
system. It was copied from the British bill of
rights, and grew up among a people whose repre-
sentation was very imperfect, and where the sove-
reignty of the people was not recognized at all.
And yet, even there, this right so much insisted on
here, as being boundless as space, was restricted
from the beginning, by the very men who adopted
it in the British system, in the very manner which
has been done in the other branch, this ses-
sion; and to an extent far beyond. The
two Houses of Parliament have again and again
passed resolutions against receiving petitions even
to repeal taxes; and this, those who formed our Con-
stitution well knew, and yet adopted the provision
almost identically contained in the British bill of
rights, without guarding against the practice under
it. Is not the conclusion irresistible, that they did
not deem it inconsistent with the right of "the citi-
zens peaceably to assemble and petition for a re-
dress of grievance," as secured in the Constitution?
Toe thing is clear. It is time that the tiuth should
be known, and this cant about petition, not to re-
dress the grievances of the petitioners, but to create
a grievance elsewhere, be put down.
Mr. BROWN said he had not had the remotest
idea of entering into a discussion on this subject;
but, as a Senator representing a Southern State, he
could not in silence hear the decisions of another
branch of this Legislature denounced for an act
which he deemed eminently judicious and patriotic.
It is time that this persevering effort to interfere
with Southern institutions should be put an end to.
When Congress become satisfied that, under the
forms of the Constitution, and to attain objects
clearly unconstitutional, efforts are making to de-
s roy the peace and happiness of a portion of the
States of this Confederacy, they have a right, nay,
it is their duty, to arrest a course so fraught with
pernicious consequences. But gentlemen say that
this question has been uied for political purposes.
By whom has it been used for political purposes ?
The first knowledge he had of the mingling of this
question with politics, was in the councils of the
Hartford Convention. A portion of the No them
Federalists then endeavored to produce the same
prejudice against the Southern States, for political
effect, which at this day was attempted in the same
quarter, for the same purpose. The Democracy of
the Norzh were then, and still continue, true to the
Union and the principlesupon which it was founded.
I agree with gentlemen that it has been used by
politicians in more modern times. And by whom?
Why, true to their vocation, by the Federal party,
though he admitted there were many honorable ex-
ceptions. What have the Democratic party to
gain by a connection with these fanatics? Nothing!
And ms this annoyance never to ceas-? Gentlemen
say, receive and refer these petitions, 'and have a
report on them, and then they will cease. Sir, this
spirit will never cease while ambition exists, and is
ready to seize upon any subject as the means of
Mr. B. should not have alluded to this branch,
if it had not been alluded to in connection witth the
political affairs of the country; and he would have
been recreant to duty, if he had not attempted ti
defend his Democratic brethren of the North, who
had acted so nobly on this question, from the as-
sault which, elsewhere more especially, had been
made upon them on this question of Abolition.
There was no State north of the Potomac, in
which the Federal party had obtained an ascen-
dancy in the Legislature, in which resolutions in-
sulting to the South had not been pa-s-d; while in
every instance where the friends of the Adminis-
tration had the ascendency, resolutions of a pre-
cisely opposite character had been adopted. But
from whom do these petitions come? It is gene-
rally known, from persons ho-tile to the Democra-
tic patty? When the question for the admission
of Arkansas into the Union was decided in this

body, every Democratic Senator from the Norh
voted in favor of her admission, while some of ihe
other party voted against it. In the other House,
in voting on the same question, parties stcol. in
the same attitude towards each other, as far as re-
garded the Northern representation.
I know that, notwithstanding all these fact,
staring them in the face, there are gentlemen from
the South who still doubt, or affect to doubt, who
are their friends on this question. The time for
doubt is passed: the facts which decide the case are
numerous and conclusive; and I now make this
declaration, that if, with my knowledge of circum-
stances, I should assist in attempting to delude the
people of the South, on a question so vitally impor-
tant to their interests and safety, I should consider
myself guilty o.f treason to the best interests of that
people. If, as a Southern man, with the knowledge
I possess in relation to the parties in the North, I
should attempt to delude the people of the South
as to who were their true friends, I should consider
myself, I repeat it again, guilty of treason to their
best interests.
Mr. TALLMADGE said he regretted' the intro-
duction of this question here as much as the Sena-
tor from. North Caro'ina, but it had not been intro-
duced through his in-trumentality; but when the
Senator talks of any political party in the North
being an Abolition party, he talks of what he does
not comprehend. There was no such political
party there; there was no leading public man there,
of any party, who was not willing to maintain the
constitutional rights of the South. For himself, he
considered the rights of the South on this subject as-
sacred as his right to his private property. But

instanced the case of Louisiana, in which the gentleman is now a member, bun which he thought
French Creoles and the Anglo Saxon races had a nob'e vind cation of the principles of liberty
commingled; and said that good Government was gaintSt bank usurpation, was the expunging resolu-
all that was necessary to produce this result. HIe tion. Ard was nout the gentlemen shoulder to
spoke not of coltors-that was a distinct question shoulder with us in that transaction? An act
He thought the arguments of Lord Durham on this which he no doubt would fain expunge from
subject, which had been alluded to, were founded his history, as his Federal friends have shown
neitherin reason nor'philosophy. such readiness to forgive what, to them, at one
Mr. BROWN returned his thanks to the Senator time, was viewed as an unpardonable trans-
r. BPeN fretred hithanstoh senator gression. But by whom are we taunted with bow-
from Pennaylvania for withdrawing his motion, its down to Executive usurpation? By the slaves
and enabling him to say a few words in reply to of bankingcorporations-by those who have show
rh Senator from New York [Mr. TALLMaD themselves ready, in effectby those who havwlede s-hown
The Sena'or from New York dcnits that there is selves edy i effect o acknowledge th -
any party in this country associated with Abolition. premacy of bank rule in this count.y. It ill be-
Notwiyh-tanding that den ,he still Abolie tin came them to taunt those with being the slaves of
Notwilh-tanding that denial, he still believed that the Executive will, who had been, and were now
Abolition was made use of in the elections in that enctite till, who had been, and were now,
tei.endeavorieg to preserve to tho people of this coon-
State. Lastyear, the popular branch of the Legis. try their own sovereity, and the right to rule
lature of that State, which was of thatparty not themselves, instead of" being ruled by a combina-
long since assuming the name of Wlig, but which tion of political and moneyed interests.
[ suppose he would now call Democratic and to
whth others give a different name, passed a Mr. SMITH of Conn. said he should not have
series of resoliions, which, if carried out, would ask,,d the indulgence of the Senate to express his
have shaken this Union to its centre. But when views upon this subject, had he not supposed that a
they were sent to lhe other branch of tie Legisla- wrong construction might be given to his motives
lure, which contained a majority of the frietids of for the vote which he felt bound to give upon the
this Administration, they were rejected, or at any motion before the Senate. The honorable Senator
rate deprived of their obnoxious character by from New York [Mr. TALLMADOE] would seem to
amendments, indicate, by the warmth of his answer, on my at-
Here, sir, was the Democratic, Conservative, Fe- tempting to obtain the floor, that I was attempting
deral Whig branch, introducing and passing these to trench upon the time he had marked out for his
resolutions;andonitheotherhand,whathecalledthe own consumption. The gentleman need not fear
Democratic members of the other branch, placing any such disposition or attempt on my part. I was
their veto on them. This needs no commentary aware of the importance he had attached to the po-
And what i the course of parties in Congr:l liticeal character which he is attempting to susiain,

the g-Enutman says hie considers the pretieaotttin t One r 11n t piii10nF, Je'ating them, and
these petitions es an insult. I hope he doe-. .t0 1B ahnr the qiaecn'1: the other endeaoiting to
consider it an insult in toe person who pre er.L' hrret-i a8- aTii. and to allay excitement. There
them. Why were not h. e ret tliijfn treated now .r vt ri .1 *t-"' c-'.lshe,.J d,-,tlean f the O,pose.
as they were in the ea,. ol it,.: Firs' CLrer"- ? tion party-he would not ,- .)'t what branch of
Tnen, a petito-i was presented from thie .-,t: -_1- Covgress--ho p esents hundreds of these p;'i.
very Society of Pennsylvania, of vh;ch P-,.jiimn lions, aitd makes the moist inflammatory speeches;
  • a committee, of which James Madtson was If yuu tike their own declarations; none of hh ,.
    chairman, who reported that Congress L-ad no are Abolidonists! But the gentleman [Mr. TALL.-
    powerover thesubject. If these petitionsweretr, ated MlaDGoo] has alluded to a party-the Loco Focoe
    in the same way, there would be no more danger party, es he calls thcm-existing in New York,
    of these petitioners 1t.':., ;! the property of the which, he sA3s, are in favor of a division of pro-
    people ot the South i-hi, it ,.e would be of taking pery; and says, such is his regard ffr the right of
    hs property; and if they took th- latter they would petition, if they enit p-tit'ons here for that purpcs-,t
    probably not get much in these Loco Foco timt.'? he w.iuld deem it his duty to present them. The
    He regretted that ie Senator from South Carolina PtFdcral party is the pary who support the priuici-
    had characterized the right of petition as he had. phies spul,en of by the Sena'tor, by asserting the
    He said the people were sovereigns, antd, thereore, stiupremacy of corporaiiois, and ju itl'i,-. their
    had no neces ity to petition their slaves! Why abuses. This is the party who are cl.stroylri, the
    these metaphysics? The Senator scemnel to have in lights of propesit, uhile the Dem-cratic party
    his head the idea of his presenting a petition to one wish to preserve iherm, by establishing a preer
    4f his own slaves. Was that the analogy? Mr. T. standard of value. 'Ihe party who uphillihepaper
    said he rejected it. The people of ihe United States s3stin, in all its abases-they are the real agra-
    are sovereigns, and their representatives are called tans, who trample the rights of properly under
    public servants. When they p titiou, it is the ptii- foot. But We have heard much of the right of pe-
    tion, not of masters to slaves, but of freemen to tition, and the example of Gre'at Biitain is referred
    their public servants, and which tho.e s-rvants are to.l He would rot quo!e British examples on this
    bound to hear. The gentleman asked if the right floor for imitation, unless they came recommnendeJ
    of petition was ever heard of in the represetita- by principle and reason. Abolition (.t ,, i e.l int
    tive Governments of ancient Greece and Rome? England, sni he was not disposeI to h, .*'t it 11 a.
    From what little knowledge he possessed of the country for examples, sf often quoted by a cet.iin
    histories of those countries, there was but a very party hertz. He considered the British Government,
    short period in which they possessed representative whi'e favorable to the nobility and gentry, as the
    Governments. He wtuld say again, as he had in st rapacious and dcspotic on earth in i-s opera-
    said before, that he did not differ in senti- tons on the great mass of the people-iu plunder-
    ment with the Senators from North and South ing the many for the benefit of the few, and as the
    Carolina, [Mr. BRowN and Mr. CALHOUN.] most perfect invention in any age, by means of
    as to their coni titulional right to hold ih:s species which the earnings of labor were appropriate to
    of property, but deemed them as sacred as hi own i..l _-.1.'l.-' :
    rights to private property. As to thi remarkls of lBt ; L., heard much of abstractions. Sir,
    the Senator from North Carolina about the Demo- the abstractions come from the other side. We go
    cratic party, he would tell him that the Deaocratic lfor a prat practical g.'od, while tho e in opposition
    pirty was now in the asc-ndency in the Empire theirselves deal in abstractions. Fir years the Fe-
    State. They have the three blanches of the Go- derail pa-ty to theNorthhaveattemptedtotdelude the
    vernm.ent in that State. We have put down the pecpe of tlis country by t. '.,ri', it,1 i the sliht
    old Federal parny of 179S, and we intend to kvep of petition was endangered. Tr',) .kn" that they
    them down; and we will not permit the rights of the cannAit exist a day without a panic, either in te-
    States to be interfered with. guard to banks, Abolition, or something else; and
    Mr. BUCHANAN said he did not rise to make now that all other subjects have been worn out,
    a speech, but to submit a motion. Before he did they strive to get one upon the abstract right of
    this, however, he would take leave to make a very pe'itioa, in order to enlist partisans under their
    brief explanation. Although hlie had ever care- banner.
    fully avoided to speak of his own pa t conduct in T.1. .t-i |l... F,',.r.. 1 ','%p li.i theDetmo-
    the Senate in terms u which might appear like self eratic party is now in the asceindency in New York.
    commendation, yet, upon the present occasion, he He will find all the surviving mminbers of the
    deemed it necessary to refer to his former course Hartford Convention in what he now calls the
    up ,n the subject of Abolition. Demracltic party, but which, in former times, was
    In the ses-ion of 1835-'6, said Mr. B. when an called the Fe-leral party. Nay, the Secrerary of
    alarming excitement prevailed on this subj-ct the Hartfoid Convention was the Editor of ani or-
    ,hroughout a large portion ofthe country, I took a gan of that patty, in the city of N'ew York, not
    decided stand against the Abolitionists. 1 ihen pre- long since; and one of the latest productions, lie was
    sented a memorialfrom the Cain Q,narterly Meeting informed, of that distinguished personage, was a
    of the highly respectable religious so,(ty of life of Thomas Jefferson, but which, in reality, is
    Friends in Pennsylvania, asking Congress to ani infamous libel on the character of that eminent
    ,tboli-h slavery in the District of Columbia; and at patriot.
    the time of its presentation, I declared that, upon Mr. TALLMADGE sad there were Loco Fo-
    its reception, I should immediately move that the coi among his constituents who believed in thL
    prayer of the memorialists be rejected. This me- propriety of a division of property; and if they
    moral was received by a vW e of 36 to 10; and my would send a petition here, he would present it,
    motion to reject the prayer of it prevailed, with but and if he could get the Senator from North Caro-
    six Ii. .:r.iii, voices. Since this decision, the Se- lina to move its reference to a select committee, it
    iate had adopted a practice which I think has would be quickly disposedI of. He repeated that
    proved eminently beneficial, because it has afforded there Abolition connected with the political
    us peace and quiet upon this subject. The memo- party of which he was a member. His mo.t bit-
    rial is presented, objection is made to its reception, ter opponent was the Editor of the Friend of Man.
    and a motion to lay the question of reception upon This editor, in conjunction with the Loco Fecos,
    the table is then immediately made and adopted, had done all he could to prevent his election; and
    This precludes all debate and all agitation, when they came to nominate candidates, the leader
    Now, said Mr. B. in consequence of my con- of the Loco Focos nominated Gerrit Smith, one of
    duct here throughout that session, I have borne the the principal Abolitionists, as his antagonist. Mr.
    brunt of the Abolitioni-ts at home. I agree with T. said that when the leaders of the Democratic
    the Senator from Kentucky that the ..1 1 has party had turned offfrom the old track, he had kept
    passed away, at least in Pennsylvania. 1 e "tis s straight ahead. Even before he left it, there was so
    is now over ; and the fanaticism which threatened much blue light Federal sm in it, that he frequently
    to invade -h.. .-..r, ht,,l tiLhl, of the South, and thought he smelt brimstone. Indeed, it has bren
    to di&selve the I.n,,..,,, h.t, 1. .n ,,.aily extinguished, thought that the object of the President in visiting
    The battle has been fought, where it must ever the Sulphur Springs some time since, was to repla-
    be fought, not in the South, but in the North. It nish his stock.
    is we of the North who must ever sustain the shock Mr. BROWN said, in having introduced t'i,e
    in such a contest. Under these circumstance, I subject of party politics in collection with this
    appeal most solemnly to Senators from thM slave- question, he had but followed the examples of the
    holding States, whether they ought not to be go Senatots from Kentucky at- New Yorkl [Messrs.
    verned, in a great degree, by our advice as to the C.AY and TAet.LntMc.] But ilie Senator from
    mode in which these Abolition petitions shall be New Y trk L[Mr. TALLis.a1t] says the Abol tion-
    treated. It is impossible, after all which has passed, ists belong to the political pirty of which I am a
    that they can doubt our devotion to the consitu- member. Sir, now-ada- s, tnohing need surprise
    tional rights of the South. Let me assure them, us that comes from a po itic an; and after whit he
    then, that our greatest danger is from agitation has just said, and with the facas b-fore us nothing
    here. Excitement is the element in which Aboli-hat can come from that heorable gentleman on
    tion tivea, and moves, and has its being. A flane this subic, or any other, herc er, will sl prise
    kindled in the Capitol would soon pervade the me. He says the Legislature er, will seprisedm
    Union. Let a question now be raised upon the was Democratic, and thatte c partyopposed to
    abstract right of petition-let the enemies of Aboli him was the Abolitiri party, &Ce. If he says so,
    tion in this body divide upon this question, as they any declarations which he may make hereafter
    probly would, and they will jeopardy the great cause, will not satisfy me of their correctness.
    to the maintenance of which they are all devoted, st sfey me of thter correctn e oess
    in this most unprofitable strife. The discussion of l aut wtem the patty r hat f e has gone o ver to
    the bolihad attempted to throw firebands into the Sena'te,
    the Abolition question here can do no possible who were they that voted them d6* Wi e they
    good, and may do much positive harm. When did not the re ty that votd thm drn? ei they
    fanatacism ever yield to the voice of reason? Lt h ends of sad that it was a axim among lawyers,
    it alone, and it will soon burn out for want of the ti the sare orat n t was a maxim among lawyers,
    fuel or. which it leed>. that The record Dever lius. On the question of the
    Deeply and solemnly impressed with a coic- admission of Arkansas into the Union, the jour-
    Deeply and solemnsly impressed with a cotnvie- imals of theSeriate show that every Democratic Se-i
    tion of the truth of th-se sentiments, and for the nate from the Senate show that every Democratic Se-
    purpise of arresting this debate, I make the accus. ato e th vte r it, while the ve-.
    roined motion, which cannot be debated, that the in opposition to it were entirely from the enemies
    question on the reception of this memorial be laid of the Administration. In the House ofRtprs.n-
    upon the table, tative-, almost the entire Democratic vote of te
    Ntith was given in favor of the same measure,
    Mr. BROWN here interposed, in the most earnest while the opposition vote from the same quarter was
    manner, and urged Mr. BUCHANAN to withdraw found recorded pretty .r..,.airv against it! Here
    his motion, to afford him an opportunity of an- wasa great pracical test question, on the admis-
    swering remarks which he considered personal to sion of a slave Stateinto the Unionwhich exhibited
    himself. After much solicitation from him, parties to the North on the Abolition question in
    Mr. BUCHANAN reluctantly consented to their true positions, and about which there could
    withdraw his motion, at the same time declaring be no mistake, unless it was among tho-e who
    that he would renew it on the very first opportunity chose either to be deceived themselves, or to deceive
    after the Senator had made his remarks, other !
    Mr. WEBSTER said he could not permit the The gi itleman, he thr.Uph-, ui-t rely largely on
    opinions expressed by the Senator front South his powers of p.'ri- i..'i, he supposed that he
    Carolina on the right of petition, to pans without a could sneteid in making the impression which his
    remark. He says that our instirnioas have, in a tremarks were intended to make. Is there a single
    great degree, superseded the right of petition. It is Legislatore, with a majority of tte party to which
    strange, if it were so, that those who formed those the gentleman has gone over, arod been received
    institutions should have been so careful in introduc- with open arms, which has passed resolutions cal-
    mgit. He thought it surprising that the Constitution cutated to quiet this irritating subject. On the
    should be so construed as to supersede that portion of c intrary, was thene a single Democratic Legisla-
    the instrument which was most cautiously guarded. ture to the North that had not sustained the righ s
    With the s ame propriety might be explained away o' the South on this question?
    the correlative rights of freedom of tle press and But the ertntleman says that the Abolitionists are
    liberty of conscience. The right of petition is only not ht' friends. Thea they are not so cdidltiten-
    worth using in representative Governments; in nary to him, as he was to them, But did not the
    despotisms, !the subject is permitted to crawl to party which elected hint, elect Mr. Bradish, an
    the foot of the throne; but this could not be called a open ant avowed Abolitionist, as Lieutenant Go-
    right of petition. But the Senator says the right o" vetsor of the State of New York? I am aware of
    suffrage and the right of inslructioa render this Federal ingenuity anl trickery. It is by the Abo-
    right of pelition unnecessary. Ntow, the Constitu- litionists, with hem, as it is by the Federalists. It
    tion expressly secures the r;ght of petition, but says one Federalist, out of a hundred, comes over to the
    not a word about the right of instruction. He Democratic ranks it is immediately pointed out by
    was content to hold on to the Constitution, and let federal papers and Federal orators as an evidence
    gentlemen indulge their p-islilr notions about that the old Federalists are all members of our
    the right of instiuctioi? liut ,1 ,is asked, does a party! Andso, if one out of a hundred ofhit Abo-
    master petition a servant? No individual is a ma-- hitionists, acts the Administration party, why,
    ter of Congress. He petitions a power which has the aceordig to Federal l'gic, it is conclusive to show
    capacity to redress his grievance. He would say that the Abolitionists are acting with the Demoecrats.
    one word as to the remarks of the Senator from He believed there was not an iatelligent Fe e-
    South Carolina, [Mr. CALHOUN,] and his friend racist in the Union, whatever opinions they may ad-
    from Kentucky, [Air. CLAV,] that two dis'inet races V'ence to the contrary, for political effect, that did
    of men cannot live in the same community without net kneow the Abolitionists, as a body, were generally
    one being subject to the other. He had notaword political atixiliariesof thseirown party, and enemies
    to say about distinction of color, as in that case the of the mecuratic party. But we are taun'ed wi h
    proposition might be true. But the general props- bowing down to the Execu ice yoke. Sir, the
    sition that two laces cannot live in the same corn- greatest act of subserviency to Executive will,
    inunity, was a sentiment that he revolted at. He charged by Ihe orgins of the party of which the

    can be induced to adopt the.Abolition faith, which
    is now and then the case, but very seldom, ihe
    straightway goes to the Federal party, and unites
    his vote, politically, with theirs, and is as much of
    a stranger to Democracy thereafter, as if he had
    never known it. The honorable Sena'or [Mr. TALL-
    MADGE] said, if I understood him right, that the
    Abolitionists formed no distinct political party, and
    that they did not act with the party that he did. He
    seems to be very anxious, apparently, to keep them
    at arm's length, and push them off; and why is this?
    If their combination and objects are laudable and
    commendable, why repudiate them? Why not re-
    ceive them with open arms, and embrace them,
    not only as political, but patriotic and philanthro-
    pic brethren, and firmly wed and unite them to
    their party? The reason is perfectly obvious, why
    they dare not openly receive them, while they pri-
    vately have their aid. They are aware that their
    cause is viewed by the great body of the people
    as an unjustifiable and unholy one, fraught with
    danger to this Gaverument: and no political party
    dare openly to embrace them, more than they
    would the bohon upas; it will be equally deadly
    in its poison, to whom or whatever it comes in
    contact with. That political party which shall
    receive it will feel its blight, and with-r undei
    its influence. The honorable Senator says the
    party to which hlie belongs has never had the
    benefit of the Abolition votes; that they have never
    been united with theirs. I would ask lhe Senator,
    why in selecting candidates for the two first offices
    in the State of New York, one was taken, from
    the Abolitionists, and one from the anti-Abolition-
    its? I would ask him further, whether eitherpol

    by showing that he is a Democrat; and hence his
    mreat anxmey 10to give the impression at this time.
    I am sure, for one, I should feel disposed to give
    tirm all the time and opportunity he d 'sired (or that
    psrpo-e; for, as it regards myself I need no
    utme, here o: elsewhere, to impress that fact upon
    the public mind. All who knuow me, know I am
    a Democrat; let it be to my credit (r discredit, no
    one will question it, friend or foe; and no expi stre
    or arguneant ofmlne would make it more satifac-
    ti.ry. I should, therefore, have n to mu ite for
    taking up the time lie deemed so precious, to give
    hitmref a political character, for which he seemed
    to fear he had not full credit. Sr, I am disposed
    to approve of the rule adopted in the other end of
    the Cap til, in relation to Abolition petitions. WA'nien
    this ec timg question was before tbe Senate,and dis-
    cu.sed during tihe -' -,l ; ,I; fi.po. I to re-
    ceive the "eiliiIn. sr.h ia, themron mei tt ltidi -. in
    more with tl.:in Whcn the mot--n iid, iii,.i-'ii.
    lay the ihoion for reception on the table, I voted
    against that motion, hoping if the petition was re-
    ceived,and laid on the table, and nothing further
    done wih it then, the petitioner would consider it
    as a determination of the Senate not to investigate
    the subject and, thereafter, desist petitioning Con-:
    gress for relief of ..-i.p..,:l d a,.... when Con-
    gress had, on ma'ui. dLt-lst-,-..n, decided that if
    the petitioners c.mnsideretd slavery a moral evil,
    then it Was nit such a grievance as Congress could
    take cognizance of. But, sir, I am satisfied, and
    am constrained to say, that, in my belief, regard.
    less of cor, sequences, which I fear would be a dis-
    solution of tie Union, with the countless evils
    and misery which wou'd follow ini i's train, that
    the Abolitionis'.s are determined to agitate this qtres-
    tion, however Indulgent, and however much Con-
    gress may be disposed to '-,t i.1- petitioners,
    short of setting itself about rat. rIc -l .very in
    the States, which i- .,;-, ly .i.,i -ign and inde-
    pendent of tire t' r, nat G.s..,:i t in regard to
    that subject; and over which the Goverament has
    no more control than it has over the f-ee States,
    tocoerce them to institute and maintain slavery
    against their will. I am, therefore, fir -hiitn'
    the doorwholly against, and excladon,; h- nrer.dI -
    ary petitions; and though many of the petitioners
    may be, and probably are, honest, many, I have
    reason to fear, are not so. H,,wever the Northern
    people may deprecate the existence of slavery inh tie
    States, and however anjeus illey may consider it
    in inme abstratt, I cannot believe that intelligent and
    honest men can think they are doing justice to the
    people of this happy Republic, when they so ob-
    stinately and perseveringly persist in presenting
    their inflammatory petitions upon this sult j'ect, after
    Congress has so many times, and so decidedly, ex-
    pressed its d;l1 '-i- i-p,..a1 of them, and its unwil-
    r._.- Ito ri-., m a -.bheme fraught with such
    danger; and upon grounds both of uncons itution-
    alily and inexpediency. I do not intend, Mr. Pre-
    sident, to deny the right of any citizen of the United
    States to petition his Governmeat for a redress of
    any real or supposed grievances. I i.,i to
    award to him the right in its fullest extent. i have
    no doubt, sir, but inherent right in anyciti-
    zen of a Republican Govertmsent like this, and
    which is not strengthened in the least, in my opi-
    nion, by a grant of the right in the Constitution.
    The political power which moves the Governmient
    of the people in all its operations is placed, and
    res:des in the people; every citizen of the Republic
    holds a portion f it in his own hands; and those
    who administer the Government, are bul the agents
    or servants of the people, authorized only to wield
    this power temporarily during the time the people
    have confided it to their hands, but not make a final
    disposition of it; and they have, at any time, an
    undobtble right to approach their agents, the pub-
    1c functionaries, with any complaints or grievances
    they may have to lay before them. But if the Go-
    vernmenut think their grievances are not real, and
    of which, among other things, they are selected
    and authorized by the -people to judge, they
    have a right to make such a disposition of
    them as, in their opinion, is r'ght and just:
    but still, if the people feel themselves aggrieved
    by the decision of their agents, they have a
    remedy at the balklt box, and which they wili
    take care to exercise. Sir, il is claimed by thie Se-
    nator flrom New York [Mi. 'tALLMiDae] that the
    Aboliti'Onists at'e not known as a political patty.
    Peltical panrici are natural consequences of a
    Republican and Representative Government; their
    regular formation shows the political boly to be iu
    healthy action; they act as sentinels over the iwiti-
    tttions and rights of the people; it is by these poli-
    tical conflicts and strikes that the official conduct of
    the people's servants, their funetionarids, Is itves-
    t :,,i, and Lxposelt to the view of the people, and
    ii i enables ihem mo'e correctly to judilge who
    are worthy of confidence and faithful to thtir trust,
    and who are not; and by their agency, the alarm is
    given to the people when their rights are invaded.
    No man ought to desire that we should be free from
    political p-reies; no i- ...... -rr I,,.i -t can existwith-
    out them; At the same iticne ti am fre to admit that
    political parties cairy along with them their evils
    as well as their benefits, but the latter vastly pre-
    There cannot be, in the nature of parties aris'ing
    under and growing out of a free Government, but
    two; each .'avriit,. for its object, professedly, the
    good of the p.. p -, but disageemin in the mode in
    which the good shall be produced; all others par-
    take, in their sentiments and in their tendencies, of
    oine or the other, and are auxiliaries to them,
    and finally melt into and become united to that
    party to which their princip:(s naturally iinclint
    them. Every man has a right to choose for him
    ,elf which party he will unite himself w-th, and no
    one has a right to say, Why do ye so? Ever,
    man who means to make bimselit useful, will
    unite himself with one or the other of the parties;
    and, if he is a patriot and philanthropic, will en-
    deavor to promote that t inu of government which
    he believes will be productive of the greatest good,
    and dispense to man the greatest degree of social
    happiness. The political parties which exist here
    are coeval with the Government; they have been
    of long standing; their principles were early formed,
    and have undergone no change; they are now
    well understood by the people1 and their re-
    ia;tiv merit easily estimated. The pridc -
    pIes of the Federal party were fully deve-
    loped urder the elder Ada ss, and rejected
    by the people. S~nee then, that party, knowing
    that their principles were not acceptable to the peo-
    ple, have laid aside bhiir principles, amid kept them
    concealed behind A closely drawn curtain, and
    have acted altogither upon expedients; while the
    Democratic party hive kept on in the even tenor of
    their way, and endeavoring, by all who'e'ome
    means, at all tines, to fully developed, and bring lio
    the full view of the people, their principles. It i-
    the object of one paety to comnceal their principles;
    and of the Other, to give as great publicity to theirs
    as pos-ihile. The party which acis ;,,,,n principle,
    has nothing to do but first to ascertain w,.at the prin-
    cipres are, and then follow then; and hence the party
    is never -rtel.-et-d. or broken up, by a difference
    in opinion as to expedients most proper to be
    adopted for i'i guldaice tendency of the other party, which acts by expe-
    dients, is ever to separate; and though none of the
    sub-parties ever lose sight of their principles, which
    they intend to act upon, if they gain the ascen
    deny, they many times pticeed without much
    union or harmony in their actions. It is fir this
    reason that none of the sub-parties are eve;
    auxiliaries to the Democratic party, or ever,
    in the end, unite with them; they have
    no natural affinity for that party. It is
    a we'l known fact, that whenever a Democrat

    concluded, [Mr. CLAY,] with deep regret. I
    make no impeachment of motive, but am com-
    pelled to say that what he has said, and the course
    he so strongly recommends in regard to these peti-
    tions, are calculated, especially at this moment, to
    do much harm. If we should have the folly to
    adopt it, to receive these slanderous and incendiary
    petitions, to take jurisdiction over the subject, and
    to argue ihe case with their authors, as the S-nator
    advises, it would, in the end, prove fatal to us. I
    know this question to the bottom. I have viewed
    it under every possible aspect. There is no safety
    but in prompt, determined, and uncompromising
    defence of our rights-to meet the danger on the
    Frontier. There all rights arestrongest, and more es-
    pecially this. The moral is like the physical world.
    Nature has encrusted the exterior of all organic
    life, for its safety. Let that be broke through, and
    it is all weakness within. So in the moral and po-
    litical world. It in on the extreme limits of right
    that all wrong and encroachments are the most
    ,ensibly felt and easily resisted. I have acted on
    ,his principle throughout, in this great contest. 1
    'ook my lessons from the patriots of the Revolution.
    they met wrong promptly, and defended right
    against the first encroacbment. To set here, and
    hear ourselves and constituents, and their rights
    ind institutions, (essential to their safety,) assailed
    from day to day-denounced by every epithet cal-
    culated to degrade and render us odious; and
    to meet all this in silence, or, still worse, to
    reason with the foul slanderers, would eventually
    destroy every feeling of pride and dignity, and sink
    us, in feelings, to the condition of the slaves they

    tl ese ofhccrs could have been elected, but for the
    Vaes of the Abolii mists l I would ask him again,
    whether the ticket was not so arranged, for the ex-
    press purpose of obtaining the Abolition vote? 1
    wuult ask hin ftuither, %he her General Harrison
    could have been nominated for the Presidency, had
    it not b-ten for Aboli, ionists, ant whe her he could
    have been nominated without the iv ai'd aid
    of Mr. Weed, their State printer at Air-.mrv, in
    ;'riti,, itall the Aboiltioiints this a dI? j'he ae a e
    : h .' ri peak for themselves; and there is little
    use in denyir g them. The Democrats undrsiand
    they have not had their votes, and the Federalists un-
    derstand they have hadihem. The honorable Sena-
    tor here said that Ben. franklin was an Abolitioni-t;
    this is but the echo sf all the Abolitiou papers; this
    has been blaze pied fP.,ih in lil their -al. r-. in cap, .1
    letters. Do ihm8 v tbell t- irtt ,I i.t Fatil hi.
    was lidw Al ive, irumi what ihey knew of his cha-
    racter as a patriot, statesman, and philosopher,
    that he would join them in t eir mad career,
    in a crusade against the peaceful in-
    habitants of t.e slave States t and unite wirh
    them in tb.p. il1,t: them of their property which
    was guarantied to them in the political com; act
    uI.delr which so many of people are enjoy-
    int the moat perfect civil aid religious liberty?
    Doctor Franklin was understood to be such an Abo-
    litionist as nearly all the Northern people are, anl
    perhaps a great share of the Southern people.
    They believe slavery to be a political evil; ar.d,
    without taking inito-eonsiieration the moral cha-
    racter of it, they a'- willing, so far as thdy can
    conisituiimnallyj to aid in removing it from our
    l]nid, at less, as a civil inconvenience or evil. But
    they understand the right to hold this species of pro-
    perty in the States existed at the time our Consli-
    tution was formild; and that that right was never
    sttrirndered by the States,or taken away from them;
    and however it may be viewed in a political or
    moral point of vyew, it is beyond their reach; and
    therefore they consider all officious iterm'.ii;t
    with it as tending to destroy the Union, and to in-
    volve the whole nation in ruin. As mittch as I de-
    precate the ex stence of the evil, I believe, as it is
    here among us, it is munch better for the S'aves,
    and much better for the whole conirriunily, that ne-
    groes should remain slaves. So flir is I amn
    acquainted with them, either in the free or slave
    States, the slaves appear the most moral, most
    cheerful, and most useful. There ate probably
    nearly three mil ions of slaves in the United States,
    uneducated, and unused to taking care of them-
    sclves, and probably a Ino.,.ther incompetent to do
    it. tfthey *ete all emancipated at once, they
    weuld forih about as large a population as the
    whole Union had at the close of the Revolutionary
    war; their tendency would be to the North, where
    they are taught to believe their peculiar friends
    are. They would be nearly twice as numerous as
    the whole population of the New England States.
    What could be reasonably expeired to result from
    thelr diffusion over the S-ates, other than vices and
    crit es of the most pernicious and destructive cha-
    racter. It is, I believe, ascertained that a great
    proportion of the convicts in the various prisons of
    the States are ignorant and unlettered men, and
    that most of the crimes c i emitted are ascribed to
    that circtmstiance. 'Iif. would be commingled
    with the now peaceful anid wholesome inhabitants
    of the Nornh, and their Vices communicated wher-
    ever the people were susceptible of itnfilling our land
    within a hioral malaria; and instead of congratulat-
    ing ourselves with being at least as moral as any
    part of this Union, or of the world, we should be a
    perfect sample c0' immorality.
    The honlorable Senator from New York says
    there is a clsss of Leco Foc -s in the city of New
    York who are agrarians, and are endeavoring to
    bring about such a stale of iotiety as will enable
    them to divide the property of the wealthy people,
    and take a portion of it to themselves. This has
    been so long used by the Federal party, as a bug-
    bear to frighten the timid, that there ist n)w no man
    Sso ignorant but he will liu1h at the man who is
    l'y enough to declare it. Bi thie Senator nays, if
    such people were to send him a peitiildn lot that
    purpose, to be persented to Congress, he wvoi'd do
    it. This case, I sujipose, is presented for the pur-
    pose of i 1 itration; and 1 think it very judiciously
    selected. There would be as much reason in pre.
    .'.-lit this to Congress, and asking its aid, as th-
    At...oi n petitions, and I think would not be more
    absurd. I think it a very fair illttstratiuon. I think
    it makes perfectly clear that which to but few ap-
    peared doubtful defore-And that is, mfiese Abolition-
    iss are titli'd to no relief here, in the manner
    asked f..r. P.t the honorable Se-nator over the
    way, [Mr. WEBSTER,] in the discussion of this
    question, has asked whether Englishmen, French
    men, and others speaking different languages, could
    not live together in these States peaceably, harmo-
    niounly an.J pr-.peroualv, each retinir-c his origi-
    nal larguaF., nI raonhl li biLn. He does not make
    the direct app ieation, and seems rather to deny that
    he has any disposition to have the whites and blacks
    amalgamate; but he, at heart, muis'. intend to inculcate
    the idea that the black race can live here with the
    white, and mingle with them in all the social en-
    joyments of life, except to amalgamate; and this
    case represents, I presume, an illustration of their
    position. But I will take the case which the hono-
    rable Senator has supposed; and what wmuld have
    been our condition as a nation at this time, had all
    the foreigners who have emigrated to Ihis country
    retained their original language, and national pre-
    judices and habit,, Ind taught and impressed them
    upon thiatir children. .Can anyone doubt but we
    would have presented a second Babel? Sir, place
    in juxtaposition the whites and blacks, and make
    them all equally eligible to high social stations-
    you have only to look to Mexico for the conse-
    quences, where you will have a perfect illustration
    of it. A people occupying the fairest portion of the
    g'obe, with all the natural advantages necessary to
    make one of the most powerful nations on earth,
    so mixed up, divided into casts, and degraded,
    that they are incapable of binding themselves
    together, and forming such a Government as to
    give any security to party or person.
    Mr. CLAY of Kentucky said he thought th'
    day had been very unprofi'ably spent, and ha did
    not intend to prolong the discussion, but he wished
    to make a remark in reply to the Senator from
    Massachusetts, as to the mingling of the French
    and Anglo-Saxon races in Louisiana. He said
    there had been considerable diffculty in preserving
    ,eaceteul relations among them, and nothing but
    the greatest forbearance on the part of the Ameri-
    cans, and on the part of some of the French, hal
    prevented collisions. He said that both the great
    parties had occasionally profited by Abolition,
    and instanced the recent election of a Demo-
    cratic Governor in Massachusetts by their
    aid. He believed that, if put to the vote, there
    was not a single Senat -r who wOild not vote
    no wT:;'uamr the rights oe the South. Their in-
    stitutions, whether right or 5Vrdng, were, irom their
    nature, incurable. But he did not wish to mix it
    up with collateral questions. He alluded to the
    resolutions passed by ihe Housi; and said when he
    first heard ofli' passage, Me had fP ired, and he yet
    entertained fears, about its operation, amid thought
    its would be to increase, instead of allay-
    ing, excitement. Heretofore, Congress had acted
    as a safety valve in passing off this excitement.
    He never had believed there was auy danger, if
    we conducted ourselves here as wise and prudent
    statesmen: but why should we identify Abohition
    with rights guarantied by the constitution. If we
    desire safety, let its stand dpbu the broad platform
    of the Con-titution, and this would be the best
    guarantee of protection for the rights of the S.rUth.
    Mr. CALHOUN. I rise to say that I have
    heard the remarks of the Senator who has iust

    betrs had done, and his object was accomplished in
    giving the facts. He knew n t what either party
    in the Legislature of the present year were doing
    Upon this subject, except that he had noticed in the
    public papers that some res. lu'ions had been intro-
    duced into the popular branch of that Legislature,
    by a prominent Federal member, censuring those
    who had voted for the rule lately adopted in the
    House of Representatives. If there had been ac-
    tion upon them, the accouLt of it had not met his
    His honorable colleague had di.sussed at some
    length the politics of their State, and of the various
    parties in it; the questions, which were Democratic,
    and which Federal; which were, and which were
    not Abolit'on; and the like, and had pronounced
    his conclusions with some positivene s In doing
    this, he had, as Mr. W. thought, done injustice to
    a political friend of his, or he would not have en-
    tered into the discussion. He understood his hono-
    rable colleague to say that the member of the
    popular branch of the present Legis!ature of their
    State, who was, at its organization, the candidate
    for Speaker of the Administration party in the
    House, had, upon the late election of a United
    States Senator, and when his colleague was elected,
    voted for a prominent Abolit;rinil, a gentleman by
    bhe name of Gerrit Smith. If" he correctly under-
    stood the remarks of his colleague, this vole was
    'aid to have been given by the gentleman alluded
    to upon the p.reIL ViV vofe voe tfor Senator in tbh.

    would eanelipate And this th1 Senator advises
    us to d&. A :0o t it, m n t the two Hnusen would be
    converted into ha'ls to debate our r ghis to oar pro-
    ,ppriy, aid whether, in holding it, we were not
    thieves, robbers, and appears; and we are to
    submit to this in order to qiiet the No'th! I tell the
    Senator that our Umuon, and our h-gb moral tone of
    feeling on this subject at the Sotih, are Inflin.lely'
    mroe imporiafit to as than Any possible diflefet t ihat
    his course cold h:ive at the N-..r h; and that, if we
    could have the weakness to adopt his advice, It
    would even fail to effect th. otjct intended.
    Itis proper to speak out. If this qnes.ion is left to
    It elf, unresited by us, it cannot buit teninia'e
    fatally to us. Our safety and honor are in the
    opposite direction-to take t.e ih,ghcst gn f und,
    attd maintain it resolutely. The Noili wIl altss,
    like lpo-itit n below us, be ours high or low. they
    wi'l yield all tIat we will, and ,.-iwihing more.
    If we go for rejection, they will at frbt insist
    on receivinrig, on tee ground of respect for
    petition. If we yield that point, and ryetive per'-
    tions, they will go for reference, on the gr.,und th t
    it is absurd to receive and not to act, as it uu'y Is.
    If we for that, they will ,next iisit iR
    ieporting and ci, and, i' that, the
    next step will be to make concession-to
    yieid the point of abolition in this District; and
    so on, till the who'e process is consummated, earh
    snrcee lin, pr: v'nu more ea-y than its predecessor.
    she n".n,-r ,-I s--i The Abolitionists understand
    their game. They throw lthir vuote io the patty
    miost disposed to favor thiim. riowv. :,I, in the hdt
    contest of patty in the Nonthern section, en which
    the ascendency in their several States and the Ge-
    nerial Governmeht, maiy depend, all the pas-ions
    are roused to the greatest height ini the violent
    struggle, and aid .ought in every quarter. They
    would forget u in the heat of battle; yes, the suc-
    cess of the election, for the time, would Ie more
    important than our safety, unless we, by our deier-
    mineJ stand on our rights, cause our weight to be.
    felt, and satisfy both parties that they have nothing
    to gain by courting those who aim at our desitruc'
    Lion. 8ls fat- as this n evternunti *is conciratd, hatl
    is oir only remedy. If we yield that, if we fwltei
    our stand to permit partisains 3Io w .Q thi aid Uf
    those Who are inking at our interests, we shall
    commence a descent, in which there is no stopping
    place short of total abolition, and with it our de-
    A word in answer to the Sena'or from Massa-
    chusetts, [Mr. WElSTERv] He atcni,,eI td show
    that the "hi of petition was ye :ulitar to free GM-
    vernment. So far is the assertion from being true,
    that it is more appropriately the right of despot'c
    Government-; and tha more so, the more absolute
    and austere. So far from being peculiar, or conge-
    nial, to free popular States, it degeneratts un-
    der them, necessarily, into an instrument, not of
    rediess for the grievances o1 thh peidmon-cet, but,
    as has been remarked, of assault on the ,iehte of
    others, as in his case. That I am right in making
    the assertion, I put it to the Senator-have we not
    a light, under the Constitution, to our property
    in our slaves? Would it not be a violation of
    the Coistiltution to divest us of that right?
    Have we not a right to enjoy, uaiter thle Co.stist-
    lien, peaceably and qietlet, Ot.' acknoiwl,: lge il rights
    g nur,,,i'i. ,-. it, wihoht a'n'tyanc' The tenaitor
    r ,: r. I1- does but justice to his candor and in-
    telligence. Now, I ask him, how can he assent to
    receive petitions, whose object is to annoy and dis-
    tuib our right, and, of course, in direct infraction
    of the Constituttonu
    The Senator front Ohio [Mr. TAI ,u, in refus-
    ing ito present these incendiary and unconstitutional
    petitions;, has adopted a course truly constitutional
    and patriotic, and, in my opinion, the only one
    that is so. I 'deeply regret that it has not been
    followed by the Senator from Kentucky in the pre-
    sent instance, Nthing short of it can put a stop
    to the mischief, and do justice to one-half of the
    gates of the Union. Ifadoptel by others, we shall
    soon hear no more of Abolition. The repansitblity
    of keeping alive this agitation, must ret nrn ih.)ise
    who may refue lo follow so noble An exaniple
    Mr. WRIGHT said he had never before, he be-
    lieved, attempted to address the Senale when an
    A bolitisn petition was undir consideration. If he
    jus ly appreciated his duty, it was quite likely
    he should remain silent now, though he had not
    risen to discuss Abolitionism, or to protract this
    very desultory debate. Still, some remarks Bad
    fallen from his colleagde, and fromtti the Senaipt
    from Kentucky, [Mr. CLaY,] which his duty to ab-
    sent friends seemed to him to require him to notice,
    The honorable Senator [Mr CtvJ has taken
    the liberty to refer to a vote lamely given in the
    other branch of Congress in reference to me dispo-
    sition of these petitions; to allude to the fact that
    some of the members of ih New fork delegation,
    ;he political friends of Mr. W. had voted for Ih#
    rule adopted in he House; and then had stayed that
    all parties in the Legislature of the State were now
    expressing their decided "eprehension of that vote.
    He should not feel at libe:iy ta nmake the action of
    either of these legislative bodies the of is.
    mark upon this Occasion, had h? not been fired to
    do so by thie course pursued by the honorable ..ena-
    tor; and he wished it to be distinctly understood, that,
    in making the short reply he intended, he was not
    acting as the authorized apologist or defender of
    the friends who had given the vote complained of.
    If the vote required apol< gy, they would be found
    ready to make it fuor themselves. If it
    required defence, they Were much better able,
    Prom character and talent and influence,
    to defend themse!vws, than he was to defend them.
    Tney were responsible for their acts to the consti-
    tuents who had sent them here, not to himselft or
    to this body.
    Still, as the honorable Senator had referred to the
    vote and to the action of the State Legislature, not
    this year simply, but the last also, it was proper in
    itself, and due to those who were censured, that he
    should state the facts, as he aade:stood them to
    exist. The Senator had spoken of the expression
    of he Legis a'ture of New York last year, upon this
    subject of the dispoti ion of Abolition petitions in
    Congress, as having followed a political revolution
    in the ktate, and of the form of that expression.
    He must remind the gentleman that the expfession
    to which he alluded as having been made last year,
    was made in but one branch of the New York Le-
    gidlature. The political revolution of which lie
    spoke had not then tbached the State Senale; ad
    that body did not unite in the expression in favor
    of these petitioners. The House of Assembly, the
    popular branch of the Legislature, was then in the
    hands of the political Iriehds of the Senator; and it
    did make a strong exprrnion, supposed to fav r
    the Abolitionists. It did declare the ATHearToS re-
    solutions, so called, a denial of the right of petition.
    He did not now recollect the exact form of the re-
    solutions, or the substance of the expression beyond
    this point, But as td this he was sine he coukl non be
    mistaken. The ArmWRor resolutions were rt.
    nounced, because it was said they were a denial of
    the right of petition. What disposition did the
    ATEmmTOs resolutions make of Abolition petitions?
    They were to be received arid immediately laid
    upon the table, without reading or printing, arid
    without debate. This was the denial of the right
    of petition last year. according to the expressed
    sense of the Whigbranch of the New York Le-
    Now, certain of the Democratic meftibers of th6
    House ol Repre-entat wes item hat Ste.te, had voted
    to establish al rule of that House, pressed upon
    them upon mhe motions of prominent Whigs, by
    which these petitions were riot to be received. Ia
    other wolds, they had voted for a rule which waa(
    in fact and in terms, just what their opponents in
    the Legislature of their State, one year ago, de-
    clared to be the true and practical effect of the
    ATaBRTON resolutions. Toris Was what these mnem-

    House of which the geatleman was a member. Did
    S his colleague si state?
    I Mr TiLTisM.tione replied yes, that was the way
    I un 'er-,.jJ it ]
    Mr. W. said he had not made this inquiry thus
    minutely, for the pu-pose ,.f... a-ra i.. n ,z it upon
    his own responsiliiity, as he had no personal know.
    leJge how the fact was; but he had done so fior the
    purro e of esipr 3'_tg his belief that the statement
    Waia erroneous, .aLd giving the grounds of that
    HIe we!l retmenmbered that, pending the pro'ced-
    ings in the Legislature of the State, touching tie
    elect'ou of a Senator, a report sprang up in this cili
    and in one wing of this Capitol, that all the friend-
    t" the Ad.rinistration in the popular branch of that
    Lei.laiure had voed for this ardent AIo'i inii-t
    tini Gerri 4Srtiil, a-. their candidate for the Senate
    of the United States, 'I he rumtor p oduced,('eep
    fe-ling here. He was called upon by a great num
    her of members of Congeis, from all quarters of
    the Union, for information as to the fact. He had
    Aone to communicate. He had received no inti-
    mation of "uy such action on the part of hii poli-
    tsal frierA,; but tie matls from the North were
    deranged by the stormy and severe weather of the
    period, and he was unable to say %h it action had
    been bad, or what information others might have
    received. He exertained the most confident belief
    that the report was false, and so sitwed to I s
    friends, but he could not give it authorized contra
    diction. The's report, however, necessaarily led h;m
    to examine that vote with deep interest ai I gieai
    care, when ii did reach him. The Albany Argus,
    a pl bic journal tot which his collea-uO had allude 1
    as a lnafling Federal paper, was hii au hority, aid
    as it Federal, Democratic, or Democratic Repub-
    liean; which last his colihague sene I to suppose
    the real neatie of his party, ii was Authority upon
    which he te'ied with a quiet cotfihlince. Ihe v, ic
    given, upon the el etion of a Senator, in both
    branches of the Leeislalure, he found in th' co-
    lims of that paper in detail; the naiiitt f ever-
    member voting, and the ntme of the candidate
    vited fo,iby each, being d-,tincity stated. He ex-
    aamined t ie account with car and could not say he
    felt iti-.t surpri.-h when he perceived that not one
    single individual of ally party iAd given his vote
    for the supposed formidable Abolition cai.itdate
    Gerrit Smith.
    He could not, however, in justice to hi-s own
    fielhn.. Itai.e ili,. i,,itter here, and permit the in-
    fl'ieec'- iht -h- ii-inah- e of hiS colle gue was wholly
    1" th-ut fuLuaaaii...n. He would, therefore; relate
    what he had inn.l.-r.,i, ...I had taten place at some
    stage of the proceedings preliminary to the elec-
    tion of a Senator. He suppose I the account hag
    alpeared in the public papers, but he had net seen
    it there, and related it from mere report. It was
    'hi., a law or resolution was before the Legislature,
    design d te pre-itLe the time and manner of elect
    i1ag SA e-natr. To meribers ol' the minority of
    the House, other candidates, taken from the ranks
    of their political opponents, were more acceptable
    than his colleague. Some of these members pro-
    posed to make the election directly, by inserting
    the name of the Senator in the bill or resolution
    and thus declaring the election, instead of prescrib-
    ing the time and manner for future action. Pur-
    Suing this feeling, the names of a variety of can-
    didates were proposed, and among them Gerrit
    Smith, his Abolitionism out of the question, a
    most bitter opponent of this Administration. Tiat
    name might have come from the gentleman alluded
    to by his colleague, but it was under such circum-
    stances, and for such objects, as he verily believed,
    if it camp from him at all, which fact he could not
    assert. It was a choice among his enenmiies, not
    his voluntary preference as a politician, or a citi-
    zen, as his viva voice vote upon the election should
    have been. This explanation of the error of his
    colleague he had given, as he had before stated,
    rather from rumor than trom any referable autho-
    rity; but he did not doubt it was the real explana,
    tion, and the only one of which his statement was
    suscep Ible.
    H7 was now brulh I. ahe apparent object of
    the remarks of hii, cult- l. a.u, and that was the
    point of most materiality and most delicacy, the
    interests of others having been disposed of'. Why
    was the statement of h~s colleague made, but to
    show that his friends, and the friends of the Ad-
    ministration in Ihe North, are the Abolitionists
    there He could see no other object, and o'her por-
    o0ns of the remarks of his colleague seemed to
    im into have a similar object and tendency.
    In terlcren.:e to all such remarks, calculated to
    produce peisunal irritation, he would take this
    occasion to say to his colleague, that it was now
    something more than six'years since they had
    taken their seats together ina. this body; that their
    public acts had been known to the Senate, if not
    i their c anttiuu:nis aiid the c-.,uniI that it was,
    therelfore, i.-lly f,.r ihum tu discuss the question
    here whrch was a Den,..acrat, which was a Fede-
    ralist, or which was a Democratic Republican in
    pu itic-. Their acts, not their words, must deter-
    mine that puini, and the Senate itself would judge,
    independent ly of their impressions, what the proper
    eClasifiaati.n of each wap. So also with the que.-
    tion of Abolitionism. His action upon that dis-
    tuirbing subject was known to this body and the
    country. If it uaade him an Abolition;st, it was in
    vain for him to reason against the conclusion. It'
    it did not, any reinonstiances and declarations from
    him against the charge, come from what quarter it
    Sight, was unnecessary here. So with the Presi-
    eat of the United States. His declarations and
    acts and votes as to these pelt ions, ani this whole
    subject, were perfectly known to every individual
    they addressed; and was it necessary for him, as
    the avowed personal and political friend of that
    oflicert as ha had been since hlie had had the honor
    of a seat here, and still continued to be, was it
    necessary for him to defend the President against
    the charge of Aholitionisnm? Not here! not here !
    Why, then, Mr. W. asked, were these poin's de-
    bated here, upon such an occasion, and thesecharges
    directly mide, or impliedly made, by his colleague?
    During the whole of their public service together
    hithrto, howler wide might hive been their
    political differences of opinion, it gave him sincere
    pleasure to state that there had not been one par-
    tic'S of personal unkindness between his colleague
    and himself. This condition of their personal re-
    lations he earnestly hoped might continue; and
    to that end he would now, as he had upon all
    former occasions, carefully abstain trom all re-
    mn irks calculated to excite unkind feeling. He
    hoped his ceaileague would imitate him in this, and
    relieve them from the necessity of disturbing the
    Senate by their personalorlocaldilferences. They
    had both had experience enough in the body to
    know that all such c allis.ons were unpleasant to
    the members of the Senate. Should they, then,
    thus afflict them? For himself, nothing but a sense
    of self-respect could induce him to do i'. When
    they came there together, they were political friends
    Those members from other States, whom he had
    fo6iad there as political friends, and who yet re-
    mained there, with very few exceptions, were yet
    personal and political friends. Those whom he
    had found as political opponents, with exceptions
    Still less numerous, were at this moment his re-
    spected oppdnetnts in the body. Still he had ex-
    perienced personal kindness from all, as he knew
    his colleague had also; and should they now strive
    to make all unhappy by their personal or local col-
    lislonsh He would not lead iii such a course, and,
    if ccipelled to follow, it would be with reluctance
    at t regret.
    He had never charged Federal-sm upon his
    colleague, nor had he charged Abolitionism upon
    his party, notwithstanding their course in the last
    Legi-lature. He was not in the habit of characte-
    rizing mea or parties by names, ax epithets. He

    chose to state fact;, and let conclusions follow.
    His colleague had referred, with some triumph, to
    a political revolution in the State. As a fact, he
    could state that that revolution brought into office
    and place a Lieutenant Governor, who was an
    Abolitionist, as far as his responses to the Abolition
    committee could make him one. Yet he was not
    disposed, e:en upon that fact, to pronounce the
    , hle party Abolitionists, nor would he do so. He
    preferred to let acts and principles and associations
    determine these point, as he did, who were Demo-
    crats and who were Federalists. The truth and
    the facts were his material reliance for himself and
    hh fiends.
    Mr. TAL.LMADG"C aid he would take the ex-
    plana'ion of his colleague, as he thought the va-
    riation was of no material importance. He coin-
    c 1.,l in the sentiment that this was not the proper
    place for political explanations between himself
    and cullrapuue. His colleague, some years since,
    in his usual complacent way, told him that as to
    their political differences, theircommon constituents
    would setlle that question. They have settled it,
    and seotledl it ihree times over. They have pro-
    nounced their opirifn of this destructive Admini'-
    iran oin, and -.f the Sub-Treasury bill, which, in his
    haste to geL it thr-.iugh this body, the patriotic
    zeal of the chairman of the Committee on
    Finance had im[pellel him to override the
    common courte.ies tof leg; latl n The per-
    sonal lelalion. of him-elf a,,l .- c alleagae had
    always beea of a friendly nature, and on liN part
    they sbold continue so; but he was not to be ,aitlt

    lerurei to by his colleague, and it was not neces-
    ,ary to remind him of their personal relations.
    Mr. WRIGHT said he was aware of his tres-
    pass upon the feelings of the Senate in again
    throwing himself before it. He lose to reply to a
    single remark of his colleague, and buit ore; and
    he did that because he was convinced, without an
    explanation, that remark would be misutdersto d
    and misconst ued to the prejudice, as well of his
    a., l',a aae as himself.
    Tir- remark to which he alluded was, that he
    had bt-en wanting in coutesy in his action in rela-
    tion to the Independent Treasury bill. If his co!-
    league referred to courtesy to the Senate, as to-
    wa', ds those wiho were members of the body when
    that bill was acted upon, he had to siy to him
    that those were points he c u'd not discuses with
    him; that the Senate, as it Was at the time, and
    these who ware Senators at the time, were his
    judges as to the propriety or impropriety of his
    course upon the passage of the bill in question. If
    any of those gentlemen, who were his co-actors
    and his witnesses, had charges to make against
    him for the manner in which his duties were dis-
    charged in relation to that measure, it would be
    ids duty, as it would his pleasure, to listen to them,
    and to admit their justice or s.ow thitir injustice,
    as the facts might warrant; but by others he could
    not be called to account for his courtesy, or want
    of it, to them .
    It his c lUta.-ur intended to charge want of cour-
    irsy to yards himse f, at h-, Mr W. was info mnad,
    ha- charge had been made by friends of his col-
    league at the seat of Government of their S&ate,
    it was proper that ih- Senate, and their common
    cinstitueus, should I understand upon what fonuda-
    lion such a charge mu-t rrst, and tipon what facts
    it must be sustained, if sus'amed at all. To make
    that explanation was his present object.
    The bill in question finally passed the Senate on
    Thurs lay of the week, he believed thie 23,1 day of
    January last. The order for ergtoss-nent was
    ;2ad,'vo the Friday previ us. By the mail which
    arrived from the ^v:t, on the evening of Satur-
    day, the 25th of Janumry, he reccr;cd from his
    tl.lh.,: a a letter, dated at tle Astor H-use, in tie
    city of New York, on the 23d day of the mtn h.
    ihe very dy on which the bill 'i .i pa-sed the
    Senate. This letter gave him the hrsttinformation
    of the ill health of his colleague, And of his hav-
    ing been detained by sickness, whsn ou his way to
    take his s-a'e here. The letter cotitadned a request
    from his coleague to himself to have the linal qutes.
    tion uron this bill postponed, until ie could be in
    hIs pla(e. In a few moments after the letter reached
    hts hands, he I earned that the same conveyance
    which brought the letter to him, birtught also his
    .',-I. amu. to the cily.
    'li are the fact-'. He had spoken ofdates
    iotm memory, but believed he was not mistaken.
    And urder this sta'e of fac'shhe was well informed
    that a friend of his colleague had reported at
    Albany that this ri qplest bad been madtte from his
    colleague to him, and that ho had +efused the
    delay asked for. He would not suspect his col-
    league of having been instrumental in giving ex-
    istence or circulation to the falsehood, but, without
    this explanation, thoze who had heard the state-
    ment, and should see the remark of his c..ii-au.,
    to which h.e was now replying, would be likely to
    connect the tirasent tlar-e ..i want of courtesy,
    wi h this story of the letter; and to all, such his
    silence under the charge would be considered as an
    admission of ils tri;h, and of its appli. ittiti v to
    the report referred to. To prevent that conse-
    quience to his colleague or himself, was his present
    object, and having aecomnplisheid that, he had
    nothing more to say.
    Mr. TALLMADGE said he intended noallu-
    son to his letter in ihe remarks he had made, nor
    was any statement of the kind, mentioned by hIs
    c-..ti e. ,, made < n his (Mr. T'a) authority. IHe
    acknowledged that the letter reached Washington
    tie same evening as he did him' elf.
    Mr. HUBBARD remarked, that he wished to
    say a few words upon this subject, and the Senate
    might rest assured that they should be but few at this
    hour of the day-(4 o'clock, He deeply
    regretted that this debate had so unnecessarily
    arisen. HIe was of opinion that it was better to let
    well enough alone, than further to agitate this ex-
    citing question. But a debate had arisen, and had
    arisen in consequence of the presenmaion of a me-
    morial to the Senate by tke honorable Senator
    from Kentucky, [Mr. CLAY,] upon the subject oh
    domestic slavery and the slave trade; and instead
    oat al,-ti a a--' that memorial according to the
    1.ell ietiat.hthd practice of the Senate, an extra-
    ordinary discussion had grown out of its present-
    ment, which,for one, he deeply regretted. Buit so
    it was; and he could not noto permit this debate to
    end, and the question to be put to rest, at thi's time,
    without replying to some observations which had
    be-n made by Senators, touching the course,
    which some of his particular friends, and
    a portion of the delegation from his own
    State in the otliher House, had recently la-
    ken upon the resolution presented by an hono-
    rable memberfrom the State of Maryland upon this
    disturbing subject. He was satisfied with the
    coarse which ithe Senate had'adopted for its guid-
    ance in relation to this description of memorials;
    and he was wedl assured that the people perfectly
    well understood the necessity, propriety, and effect,
    of the rule of prcicee which had been adopted for
    the action of this body upon Abolition petitions. rule ha-I, in his judgment, produced the most
    happy and quieting re.'uits; and, for one, he would
    not feel disposed, unnecessarily, to interfere there
    with. What have been the result-? If Senator.,
    will only consult the journals of this body, they
    cannot entertain one stiitary doubt that the most
    beneficial results have already been produced. Is
    it not a fact that the very memorial offered thi,
    omoraing is among the very few which have found
    their way to this chamber during the present sei-
    sion? How was it formerly? How was it before
    the adoption of the rule? Not a morning, scarcely,
    passed, but memorials following memorials,
    asking for the abolition of slavery, were pressed
    upon the consideration of the Senate.
    Such, then, had been the effect most distinctly
    experienced under the rule of practice already
    adopted. What is the practical operation of the
    rule? Are the petitions read? Are they printed?
    Are they referred? .No. In truth, whether they
    ever find their way to the Secretary's table, is
    doubted by some. The question to receive is not
    directly put, but a sideway movement is made at
    once to lay upon the table the motion to receive, so
    as to prevent all debate, and thus ends the mailer;
    and it may be asked, what earthly benefit do these
    memorialists now realize from sending these Abo-
    lion memorials to the Senate? None. The Senate,
    - by their action, most emphatically say they will not
    act upon them; that these memorialtsts ask for a
    redress of grievances, which are imaginary, not
    real, in noway aftecting them, and with which
    they, in truth, have no concern. The Senate say
    that these memorialists ask for that which it would
    be dangerous to the peace, harmony, and perpetuity
    of the Union, to consider. They therefore, unhesi-
    tatingly, so dispose of them as in effect to
    prevent all consideration and action up in them.
    This is now the course of the Senate upon Aboli-
    tion memorials; and, as he ha-h before observed,
    the effect had bhea most salutary. It had pre-
    vented all agitation here upon this subject; and
    agitation waes what was desired, was what was
    even declared to be a desirable object; and, as de-
    bate and discussion could not now arise under the
    rule of practice of the Senate, as niotv understood,
    Abolition memorialists had almost entirely ceased
    to press their complaints here in this branch of
    Congress. He perfectly agreed with the Senator

    from Kentucky, [Mr. CLAY,] that there was no
    diversity of opinion among the States of New
    England as to the constitutional right of the slave-
    holding States to maintain their comeslic institu-
    tions undisturbed. Thie sentiment was general, if
    not universal, in his section of the Union, that it
    would be a flagrant usurpation of power, and a
    gross violation of the Constitution, to interfere
    directly or indirectly with this right of property in
    the slaveholding States. Slavery there exists;
    and it is not tha feeling of New England,
    as far as he was advised, to take any course
    which should disturb the relation subsisting between
    master and slave. New England has no system of
    involuntary bondage sanctioned by her laws; and
    the Senator of Kentucky is right when he says that
    there is no general disposition in the North to inter-
    fere with the rights of property, as they exist in the
    South. But he differed altogether with the Senator
    as to the course which these petitions ought to take.
    He differed with him entirely as to the effect pro-
    duced upon the public mind by the discussion, or
    by the agitation, in any form, of this question here.
    Nothing, in his, tended more to alarm
    the feats, and to disturb the tranquillity of the
    slaveholder, than debate upon these Abolition peti-
    tions in either branch of Congress.
    Nothing, in his judgment, tended more to give
    encouragement, and no inspire confidence among
    the lead ng Norihern Abolitionists themselves, than
    a discussion upon their memorials. And he, anxious
    forpeace within ourborderse, lamented the debate which
    had recently tal.-n place in the Homte of fiepre-
    .eniatiiesi upji Al,. hittiti petitions.

    the debate, In his judgmeuf, was uncalled for,
    and ill-advised. It could do no good; it might pro-
    duce great evil in the North, if not in the South.
    The resolutions offered at the last sts ion in the
    Eo-ise of Repr, sentatives, by his iriend Mr.
    AtiHERTON, had been offered to quiet the public
    mind upon this distracting subject, to prevent ex-
    citementnt, and to show to theSouththhit theNorthein
    let iih was generally opposed to ary ac ion by
    Congress upon Aboltion petitions. These resolu-
    tions, thus presented, and for such an object, de-
    signating merely the nmode of deposing of this class
    of memorials, had met with the most determined
    oppo'i ion from every quarter. That opp sition
    was not' confined to the non-slaveholding States.
    They met with a most extraordinary oppoeiion
    from another quarter. The auhor, in the North,
    had been vilified as the destroyer of the right of
    petition. He was chiirged at home, within the
    limits of his native State, with having, by a shame-
    ful derelict ion of public duty, prostrated and ren-
    dered of no effect one of the dearest rights cf the
    people. That charge he had met, fearessly met,
    before his people; and that people had recently
    passed a commentary upon his cour.,e, most grati-
    fying to hii feelings. They had returned upon
    the issue a verdict with which he has every
    reason to be satisfied. Gei:tlemen fion slave-
    hotlding States had denounced Mr. ATHER-
    TON'S resolutions as wholly inefficeet, and de-
    structive of S ,uthern rights. The resolutions
    were presented for the purpose he had stated, and
    contemplated the adoption of a rule of practice in
    relation to this cla-s of memorials, precisely similar
    in effect to that what ha. bfen in use in the Sena'e,
    and from which much benefit, in his judgmWnl, had
    already resulted. Experience hasshown that, so
    violent was the opposition to the resolutions, by
    some :roam the slaveholding States themselves,
    it was rendered altogether impracticable to re-enact
    them at the present session for the guidance of the
    House of Representatives. A month of angry and
    useless debate in that branch of Corgress, gave dis-
    tinct evidence that some thing must be done, and
    done without delay, to give tranquillity to the pub-
    lic mind. And what was to bedone? Would it have
    answt,ed further to delay, and put off action upon
    the all important pu,'ic business before that branch
    of Congtess.would it have answered longer to
    have con-iimed the public tim-, and t, have ex
    hausted .th' public Treasury, in offering and dispos-
    ing of ih.'sem-r-m. r,.I, nat.. is ,,t for the abodlition of
    slavery, as they .ti Q,:'' .r,l be presented?
    Was alcourse like this to be tolerated? Str6 he was,
    that the response of his own State would most 0m-
    phatically be, No! And for what object was oppo-
    sition made to the adoption of any rule of practice
    which would, i in effect, dispose of Abolition me-
    morials, when offered without any debate or de-
    finite action,. To save; it was said, the right of
    petition-to protect this high privilege o'f the ciltiz'n.
    He uteily denied that the general right of petition
    was impaired under the role of practice, as adopted
    by both the House and the Senate at the last, or
    as established by the House at its present, session,
    in relaiioni to'the' mode ofdiporine, of Abolition me-
    morials. That general r.- r.n',,.:- undisturbed,
    untouched, by this recent a..i ..t -ithe House of Re-
    presentatives. The ATHERTON resolutions and the
    recent rule have the same general object in view-
    to prevent debate-to save all action upon this
    particular class of petitions. It was not believed,
    or even supposed by any one, that under either rule
    tire House would bestow the least con-ieration
    upon these petiions-they were to mset'the same
    fale there, that they experienced here-they we're
    in no sense to be received for any purpose of le-
    gislative action-they were, without reading, with-
    out printing, without referring, to receive their
    quietus; and, mystify this matter as you may, this
    was the sum and substance of the action of both
    HousesoI C..nre- .r, relation to Abolition petitions,
    But in noway is the general right of petition thereby
    impaired,nor, in truth,is the. pantie ulirrigh! of peti-
    tion upon the self same subjects, thereby infringed;
    Both the Senate and the House have distinctly in-
    dicated that they will not consider-that they will
    not act upon-these memorials; and this is all they
    say. They take away no right of petition-they
    do not thereby prevent the people from assembling
    and asking, at any time, for a redress of griev-
    ances. They distinctly say that, as far as it respects
    petitions asking for the abolition of slavery in the
    D strict of Columbia, coming from persons with-
    out the District, they will not take them for legisla-
    tive action. This is all; and had he, at the time,
    been a member of the House of Rep-esenmtatives,
    under existing circumstances, he should have voted
    as the majority of the delegation from his State
    voted upon the resolution offered to the House by
    the honorable member from Maryland, [Mr. JOHN-
    SON.] He would have done this as the only course
    left him, iu order to put to rest this agitating ques-
    tion; and, in doing thus, he could not have supposed
    for a single moment that he was thereby abridging
    the general right of petition. In his opinion, it was
    due to the interests ol the public to put this ques-
    tion to rest-to stop debate, and to avoid action
    upon this subject. He, therefore, was free to say
    that he entirely approved the course which his
    friends in the other House had seen fit to take; and
    he ente:tainried no doubt that their course would be
    approved by their conslit-uncy. His own course,
    since he had been a member of Congress, upon lhb
    subject of Abolition petitions, was well known at
    Some, and well understood here. He had been in
    favor of that proposition which contemplated
    the least possible disturbance of this agitating
    subject. His language had been, Hands
    off." Let this whole matter alone. No po.-
    sible good could result: if, by entertaining the
    eI eitions of the Abolition memorialists-even if
    Congress should carry into effect the prayer of
    these memorialists, and slavery should be even
    abolished in the District of Columbia, there would
    not be oneslave theless. His opinion had been, and
    still was, agitate not this question. Let this sub-
    ject alone, had been his appeal at home, his doc-
    rine here. ]t concerns not those who send up to
    the Senate, periodically, their peit:ons. if
    grievances exist, arising from the institutions ofdo-
    mestic slavery, they cannot effect those States in
    which no such institutions are established. If
    slavery be a great moral evil, let that evil be con-
    fined to the region where it is tolerated. If rights
    exist, growing tut of the elation, he would not in-
    terlere therewith. In r.o sense, in his judgment,
    can the Abolitionists of the North be justified in
    their unhallowed efforts-efforts tending to destroy
    :he r'ghs of property, and tending to rend a under
    this Confederacy. He would now say to the non-
    slaveholding communities-as he had repeatedly
    before said-let this whole matter alone.
    And is he obnoxious, or are his particular friends
    in the House, who voted for Mr. JoHNrsos's reso-
    lution, obnoxious to the charge of abridging the
    general right of pe;ilion by the course pursued?
    How has he, or how have they, impaired that
    right? No man is more in favor of the righ's of the
    people than himself; and this right of petition, he
    believes, is ons of their dearest rights. But how
    has he impaired that right? Does it follow because
    that he, in the exercise of a sound discretion,
    sees fit to withhold a petition sent him from
    his constituent, that he thereby abridges the
    right of that constituent? 2vo: not in the least.
    The constituent has a clear, und.?putad right to
    send his memorial heme; but does it follow that the
    Representative is bound, at all hazards, to pre-e,,t
    it; or does it follow that the bojy to which it is ad-
    dressed is bound, at all events, to receive it? Not
    so. The Representat ve and the body must act
    upon his and their responsibility. Would it be
    said that he was bound to present a petition, com-
    ing from his constituents, asking for the aboli-

    tion of slavery in the State of Virginia?--a request
    undermining the foundations of this Government?
    Can it be contended that the Senate would be
    bound to receive such a petition? No. The Abo-
    litionist h myself would hardly conten I for this.
    There is, then, of necessity, some limitation to this
    right of petition.
    He would not deny to his constituent the existence
    of this right in its broadest sense; but the Representa-
    tive has not only a duty to perform to his immediate
    constituents, but to the country. The petitioner
    may ask for that which itwould be most dangerous
    to the peace and security of the Union to grant.
    Should a petition of this character be received and
    considered? The Representative, and the body to
    whom the memorial shall be addressed, must ex-
    ercise their own discretion anid judgment. If the
    doctrine be correct, as contended for by Senators
    upon the other side, the Senate is bound to receive
    every memorial, coming from whom it may, and
    asking for what it may; otherwise the right of pe-
    tition is impaired. If the right of petition implies
    an absolute and unqualified obligation to receive,
    does it not follow, with equal force, that th- right
    imposes a corresponding obligation to consid-er aind
    to act?
    If this general right of petition is thus abridged,
    then it follows that, at all events, and under any
    circumstances, Abolition petitions coming up here,
    and all others, must not only be received, but con-
    sidered and acted upon by the body to which they
    may be addressed. The Legislature of his own
    State h4d, on frequent occasions, given such an ex-
    pression of thmir own opinion as relieves hint and

    his ftrieni from all difficulty and eitnbarrassmielton
    this question.
    His own State had so repeatedly, through her
    Legislature, declared the palpable injustice of any
    action by Congress upon the subject of slave-
    ry, as it exists in this Di.triet, unrequested by its
    iihabilants,thathe could not, nor could his friends in
    the other House, for a moment believe, that by his
    and their course upon the subject of Abolition pe-
    titions, he and they were depriving them of one of
    their dearest rights. How is this decirine attempt-
    ed to be supported? It is said that this sacred right
    of petition is expressly guarantied by the first arti-
    cle of amendments to the Constitution of the United
    States In his judgment, that article has no particular
    bearing whatever upon the question. This right,
    as it now exists, so it has existed long before the
    Constitution itself was formed. What is the arti-
    cle to which reference has been made?
    "Congress shall make no law respecting an esta-
    blishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exer-
    cise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech or
    of the press, or of the right of the people peaceably
    to assemble and to petition the Government for a
    redress of grievances."
    Now, he utterly denied, that by the coure he
    had pursued here, or by the course his friends had
    pursued elsewhere, that he or they were lending
    their aid in the passage of any law abridging the
    freedom of speech or of the press, or to prevent
    the peop'e peaceably assembling together to ask
    The Government for a redress of grievances. He
    would go !zs far as he who would go farthest
    against the passage of all such laws. He was ut
    tcrly and absolutely opposed to any such legitla-
    lion. How, then, has hie, or hov have his friends
    in the oilier House, by his and their course of con-
    duct upon ihese memorials, exposed themselves to
    the charge of impairing the general right of peti-
    tion?-a right well understood by his people, and a
    right which he would not disturb or abridge-a
    right which, he rejoiced to add, was so universally
    enjoyed, and which could be so properly exercised
    by the freemen of this country.
    After some remarks from Mr. HENDERSON,
    which will be given hereafter,
    On motion of Mr. BUCHANAN, the motion to
    receive the petition was laid on the table.


    MONDAY, february 17, 1840.
    Mr. J. W. JONES; chairman of the Committee
    of Ways and Means, Would, by the permission of
    the gentleman from Ohio, (Mr. Ct wtN,] move
    that the House would, on to-morrow, at ihe hour
    of one o'clock, resolve itself into Committee of the
    Whole on the state cf the Union, for the purpose
    of considering the bill for the payment of Revolu-
    tionary and other pensioners, and that it be made the
    special ordcr for that and the succeeding day, in
    preference to all oiher business, until disposed of.
    Mr. LAWRENCE, before the qtistion was la-
    ken, and in order that the Hoose might understand
    ihe position of this bill, would, by i-s permission,
    make a few remarks. The amount of the pension
    fand, now applicable to the payment of the pensions
    becoming due on the 4th of March, was $1,294,000,
    which was in the hands of fo: ty-ofe agents appointed
    the Government. There was no law for tie trans-
    fer of these funds from one agency to another.
    There were, to be sure, general laws for the trans.
    fer of appropriations, which gentlemen supposed to
    apply to the pension fund, but they did not; and
    the:e was no law by whictt these moneys could be
    transferred from one point to another. In conse-
    quence of this, if this bill is not passed by this
    Houe in the next forty-eight hours', the pensioners
    will not receive what is their due. Thes' pen
    signers are -cattered all over the United States,
    and'lhere were now left but fifteen days in which
    to make the transfers. Under thfs circumstances,
    Mr. L. appealed tu gentlemen on both sides of the
    House not to discuss this bill. It must pams; and
    if gentlemen wished to arraign the Administration,
    he hoped they would do it on some other question
    than th:s. I make these remarks, said Mr. L. be-
    cause it is due to ourselves and to the country that
    this bill shouldd pass to-day or to-morrow, and to
    let these pensioners have tLe money on which they
    subsist. He would move to take up this bill now,
    as it could be passed in a few minutes, but as the
    chairman of the committee [Mr. JoNEs, of Virginia]
    had suggested to-morrow, he was willing to wait
    until that time.
    'Ihe SPEAKER said that the motion of the gen-
    tleman from Virginia could only be received by
    general consen'.
    Mr. WADDY THOMPSON said he objected to
    the motion, and woulil continue to object to taking
    up arty bill while the bill for the protection of Flo-
    rida, where the Indians were scalping our women
    and children, was lying on the table.
    Mr. JONES of Virginia then moved a suspen-
    sion of the rules, to enable him to offer his motion,
    and called for the yeas and nays.
    Mr. RUSSELL suggested to the gentleman from
    Virginia the expediency of modifying his motion so
    a< to make the bill the order of the day for twa
    o'clock, instead of one to-morrow. It was well
    known that Ihe standing committees had not had
    an opportunity of reporting from the commence-
    ment of the session until now. Mr. R. then moved
    to amend the motion of the gentleman from Vir-
    ginia, so as to make the bill the order of the day for
    two-o'clock to-morrow.
    The CHAIR said the motion of the gentleman
    from New York was not in order, the rules not
    having yet been suspended, and the motion of the
    gentleman front Virginia not before the House.
    The question was then put and carnied-yeas
    166, nays 1; so the rules having been suspended,
    Mr. JONES of Virginia submitted the following
    resolution, and moved the previous quest on on it:
    Resolved, That this House will, on to-morrow, at
    one o'clock, resolve itself into a Committee of the
    Whole on the state of the Union to consider House
    bill No. 3, and that it be the special order at that
    lime, and at the same hour every succeeding day,
    until the ill be disposed of, and that it take prece-
    dence of all oiher business.
    The resolution having been read, the call for
    the previous question was seconded by the House,
    when the main question was put,and the resolution
    was adopted without a division.
    Mr. SERGEANT, from the Committee on the
    Judiciary, reported without ametndment the bill
    from the Senate to amend the act providing for tak-
    ing the sixth census, and moved to refer the same
    to the Committee ef the Whole House on the State
    of the Union; which motion was adopted.
    After some conversation between Messrs. COR-
    WIN, LINCOLN, and the SPEAKER, whether
    the subject under discussion, on Saturday last, was
    the first thing in order to-day,
    Mr. CORWIN, to avoid any discussion on a
    point of order, moved that the subject then before
    the House be now taken up for consideration,
    which was agreed to; when
    The SPEAKER announced that the ques-
    tion before the House was the motion of
    Mr. CasEY to refer the memorial of the National
    Road Convention, held at Terre Haute, Indiana,to
    the Committee of Ways and Means, with instruc-
    tionii to report a bill appropriating 150,000 to each
    of the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, to be
    expended on the Cumberland road.
    The substitute of Mr. PicKEas for sail instruc-
    tions, as follows:
    "And that the memorial be committed to the
    Committee of Ways and Means, with instructions
    to consider the expediency of reporting a bill in fa-
    vor of the measure."

    And Mr. ManvIN's amendment to the original
    proposition and substitute for Mr. PicKEN's amend-
    ment, as follows:
    And that the Committee of Ways and Means
    be instructed to report bills in accordance with the
    est mates contained in the reports from the Chief
    Engineer, and the Chief of the Topographical
    Engineers, to the Secretary of War, and communi-
    cated to Congress by the President, making appro-
    priations for the year 1840, for the continuation of
    the construction or improvements of harbors and
    roads the navigating of divers, for which appropri-
    ations have been heretofore made.
    Mr. CORWIN, who was entitled to the floor, in
    continuation of his remarks on Saturday, re-
    plied at great length to the constitutional objections
    of Mr. PtCKENS to the passage of any bill
    making appropriations for this road. That
    gentleman, he said, had congratulated him-
    self and the country, that the Constitution,
    which had been administered in such a way that it
    was entirely different from what it was intended
    by its fiamers, was about to be restored to its pu-
    rity. If that gentleman's position was correct, he
    conceived it very unfortunate and most extraordi-
    nary that the framers of that instrument had com-
    mitted such gross ertors in expounding and ad-
    ministering it for so many years; for he believed
    that Washington and his cabinet, and Madison,
    Jedl. rwn, and Monroe, as would be seen from their
    recorded opinions, were in favor of this road, and
    conceived it perfectly cositituttioal, Mr, C. then

    argued at great .eng to show the existence ot a
    ctattract between the Governmenat and the new
    States for the completion of this road, and that
    the contract had not been complied with on the
    part of the Government. No one could deny, or
    dared deny, that the agreement did exist, which
    was all the friends of the measure wanted-
    and unless the opponents of it could show
    that the contracting parties had no right, under the
    Constitution, to make the agreement, it was obli-
    gatory on the part of the General Government to
    fulfil its provisions to the letter, by constructing
    this road to and through the State of Ohio. Those
    States through which the toad runs, as a partly to
    the contract, gave up the right to tax 122,000,000
    of acres of land, subject to taxation by them. Iit
    was an object of the most earn st anxiety by the
    Federal Government to get the States to relinquish
    this right-a right which Mr. Ga latin said they
    possessed, not only to tax land sold by the Govern-
    ment, but also that remaining unsold. Four sove-
    reign S'.ates gave up this right, for five years, to
    tax this quantity of land, which, at $2 per 100
    acres, amounted, in round numbers, to 12,200,000
    dollars. The amount expended in the States, un-
    der the contract, he was understood to say, was
    little over three millions; and thus the Government
    had cleared about 8,000,000 by the operation. He
    wished the State Rights party to remember this
    when they compared these States to mendicants at
    the National Treasury, because they demanded a
    fulfilment of the obligations of the agreement.
    Mr. C. maintained that the Cymberland road was
    a great national and military road and commercial
    highway; and that the same reasons existed for the
    continuation of it now, as there did when it was
    commenced, as a means of defence of the Western
    frontier; and instanced the large body of Indians,
    60,000 strong, now concentrated on the frontier, to
    which it was intended this road should be carried.
    He did not claim thie appropriation as a-matter of
    favor, but on the ground of justice and right. As
    jt seemed that the greatest objection to making it at
    this time, was on account of the low state of the
    Treasury, he examined the estimates, and showed
    that sufficient curtailment could be made on unne-
    cessary object,, to progress with this road, and yet
    keep the expenditures of this year within the gross
    amount of the estimates. He also showed the loss
    which the Government would sustain if an appro-
    priation was not speedily made.
    The SPEAKER said that there was an impor-
    tant communication from the Executive, on his ta-
    ble, which he would beg leave, at that time, to lay
    before the House; which was read, as follow,:
    To the House ofRepresentatives:
    I submit to Congress a communication from the
    Secretary of the Treasury, repeating suggestions
    contained in his annual report, in regard to the ne-
    cessity of an early provision by law for the protec-
    tion of the Treasury against the fluctuations and
    comitigencies to which its receipts are exposed,
    with additional facts and reasons in favor of the
    propriety of the legislation then de hired.
    The application assumes that although the means
    of the Treasury for the whole year may be equal
    to the expenditures of the year, the Department
    may, notwithstanding, be rendered unable to meet
    the claims upon it at the times when they fall due.
    This apprehension arises partly from the circum-
    stance that the largest proportion of the charges
    upon the Treasury, including the payment of
    pensions, and the redemption of Treasury notes,
    fall due in the early part of this year, viz: in
    the months of March and May, while the
    resources, on which it might otherwise rely, to
    discharge them, cannot be made available until
    the last half of the year, and partly from the fact
    that a portion of the means of the Treasury crn-
    sists of debts due fiomr banks, for some of which
    delay has already been asked, and which may not
    be punctually paid.
    Considering the injurious consequences to the
    character, credit, and business of the country,
    which would result from a failure by the Govern-
    ment for even so short a period, to meet its en-
    gagements-that the hnppsmng of such a contin-
    gency can only be effectually guarded against by
    the exercise of legislative authority-that the pe-
    riod, when such disability must arise, if at all,
    and which, at the commencement of the ses-ion,was
    comparatively remote, has now approached so near
    as a lew days, and that the provision asked for is
    only intended to enable the Executive to fulfil ex-
    isting obligations, and chiefly by anticipating funds
    not yet due, without making any additions to the
    public burdens, I have deemed the subject of suf-
    ficient urgency and importance again to ask for
    it your early attention.
    WASHINGTON, 17th February, 1840.

    Feb. 15, 1840.
    SIRa: The duty entrusted to this Department of
    supervising the execution of such laws as ate con-
    nected with the fiscal operations of the Govern-
    ment, induces me to make to you the following
    In the annual report on the finances, submitted
    to Congress near the commencement of its present
    session, I had the honor to state, in substance, that
    if the new appropriations should not exceed in
    amount the estimates then offered, ant if the in-
    debted banks should meet their obligations with
    punctuality, the receipts for the whole year would
    probably equal the expenditures.
    After the lapse of nearly three months, thone
    views remain unchanged, except so far as subse-
    quent events, heretofore communicate d to you and
    to Congress, may in some degree affect them. But
    whether those events, viz: new constructions of
    the tariff laws by the courts, and increased embar-
    rassments of business in consequence of the sus-
    pension of specie payments by the banks continu-
    ing over a large part of the Uuiled States, will
    reduce the revenue so much as to render new
    means on those accounts indispensable, cannot yet
    be decided wi h certainty. But it may be ascer-
    tained before Congress adjourns, and can then, if
    necessary, be suitably provided for.
    It was also stated in the annual report, that the
    uncertainty of receiving prompt payment from
    the banks, and the convenience of having a larger
    balance on hand ii the Treasury than was likely
    to exist, as well as the fact that the greatest debts
    due from the banks were not payab'e till the last
    half of the y-ear, while the largest expenditures
    were charged on the first half of it, and particu-
    larly on the month of March, required some ade-
    quate provision of means to meet those contingen-
    cies and inequalities, and rendered "the earliest
    attention to new leg-slation on this subject" $'highly
    prudent, if not indispensable, for the effectual se-
    curity of the public credit."
    The prompt adoption of such precautionary
    measure was further urged, on general grounds of
    expediency, considering the existing embarrass
    mcnts ofthe country, the suspension of specie pay-
    ments by many of the banks, and the fluctuations
    and uncertainties to which our receipts and expen-
    ditures were, from various causes Ihen enume-
    rated, constantly exposed. The experience and
    occurrences during nearly one-fourth of a year,
    which has since elapsed, have strengthened the
    impression then entertained on this point; and in
    official communications since made to the appro-
    priate committees of Congress and yourself, I
    took the liberty to repeat my conviction of the
    continue I urgency and importance of the measure
    previously recommended in relation to it.
    But no action having yet taken place concerning
    this subject, though the period Is near at hand,
    when the due maintenance of the public credit
    seems most imperatively to require it, I shall
    proceed to state, with more mituiene-s than here.

    tofore, some of the circumstances which make such
    a provision so esseat:al at the pres-ent moment.
    Ear y as the 5th and 7th of March, a very large
    amount of pensions and Treasury notes become
    due, in addition to other and ordinary demands.
    They will exceed, in the aggregate, two and one-
    quarter millions of dollars, and for the payment of
    which funds are yet to be advanced by the Trea-
    sury to the amount of about $1,450,000
    On the 13th of March, more Treasury
    notes fall due, not yet redeemed, com-
    puted at 250,000
    Others fall due and are redeemable
    in the rest of March, April, and
    May, estimated at 1,150,000

    These constitute an aggregate of burdens but
    little short of three millions, beside other payments
    for ordinary objects.
    The estimates of all the receipts and all the ex-
    penditures, for these and other objects, during that
    period, with the available balance of money now
    Son hand in the Treasury, are detailed in the state-
    ment annexed, marked A.
    From those particulars it will be seen that, in
    order to be able to discharge all anticipated claims
    punctually, and retain on hand the appropriate
    balance of about two millions for common pur-
    poses, a provis on oh means is expedient to the ex-
    tent of four and three-fourths millions of dollars,
    subject to be used in whole or in part, as may v be
    found necessary to meet the public exigtocics, un

    der all thir uncertainties to which our financial ope
    rations are liable.
    At this late day, a power to issue Treasury
    notes, instead of those heretofore or hereafter re-
    deemed, or to make a temporary loan to that ex-
    tent, subject to be redeemed after sixty or ninety
    days' notice, seems the best, and, in fact, the only
    effectual method of providing such means, until the
    receipts, in the last half of the year, or subsequently,
    may enable the Department to extnguith any debt
    An increase of the tariff, or a recall of deposiie-
    from the States, would be too slow in their opera-
    tions lor obtaining adequate funds seasonably, as
    some of them will be needed within two or three
    To confer an efficient power, to procure necee
    sary means, would make no addition to the public
    burdens, but merely aid the Executive branch of
    the Government to execute the laws wi-h fidei'y,
    by discharging appropriations already imposed by
    Congress; and to the prompt payment of which the
    public faith has been solemnly pledged. The pro-
    priety of doing it, therefore, seems too obvious to
    require further comment.
    Having submitted Ihese views, in addition to
    those heretofore presented on the same subject, this
    Department, except under new authority fiom
    Congress, can accomplish nothing more than to
    continue to meet the public engagements to such
    an extent as may be practicable, however imper-
    fectly, under the existing laws and the means al-
    ready at its disposal. Respecifaflly,
    Secretary ef the Treasury.
    To the PRESIDENT of the Uniteit State!.

    Money in the Treasury 10th of February, 1840,
    available for general purposes, computed to be
    about $1,700,OUO, but at the end of the month ii
    will probably be reduced to $1,300,000
    Not over two-thirds of this will he
    situated on the seaboard, and conve-
    nient for use to pay pensions, and re-
    deem Treasury notes.
    Receipts, in March, April and May,
    from customs and lands, estimated
    at 3,600,000
    Receipts from banks in those months,
    indebted in 1837 as depositories,
    estimated at 200,000

    Now and before the 1st June, conm-
    puted aggregate means -e .lt1i.,ai,

    Expenditures for pensions required by
    5th March, as estimated by the
    War Department at $1,763,000, of
    which will then be needed, besides
    what has been recently advanced,
    about $900,000
    Treasury notes falling due by March
    0,7ih, not yet redeemed 550,000
    Treasury notes falling due by March
    13th, not yet redeemed 250,000
    Treasury notes falling due in the rest
    of March, April and May, and oth-
    ers then redeemable 1,150,000
    Ordinary expenditures in March, April
    and May, out of appropriations al-
    ready made, and new ones which
    are expected to pass, and are re-
    quired to carry into effect existing
    laws for ordinary objects, before 1st
    of June, est mated at 4,500,000

    Last balance usually proper to have
    on hand at various points, near as
    well as remote $2,000,000
    Add for the 1st of June, to meet what
    is immediately due under the many
    new appropriations passed near the
    close of the session 500,000

    Deduct the computed meantis -

    - 5,100,000

    Amount of additional means appear-
    ing expepient now and before the
    1st of June $4,750,000

    On motion of Mr. JONES of Virginia,
    Ordered, That it be referred t) the Committee'of
    Ways and Means, and be printed.
    ( Remainder of the proceedings given to-marrow.)
    MR. EDITroa: The report in the Globe of the 13th
    instant, of my remarks, made in response to a
    question of Mr. PsOFFIT, put to him in the course
    of his speech, is inaccurate in two points:
    1st. In my description of the modern Whig
    2d. In my remarks connected with the name of
    Mr. CLAY.
    I said: "I did not belong to the Whig party; that
    the same was not to my taste; that as I understood
    the matter, it was composed of the ancient Fede-
    ral party, the fragments of obsolete and evanescent
    parties, the vanguards of nascent parties, stung.
    gling for existence, and a few Democrats, who,
    from personal preddlections, suffer themselves to
    act with them to whom they do not belong."
    I am reported in the Globe as having said, that
    from the time when I was on the CLAY electoral
    ticket in Indiana, he [Mr. CLAY] had "repudiated
    his old Democratic principles."
    I d d not say this. I am not here to discuss, ot
    criticise, the political character or course of Mr
    CLAY or any o'her gentleman, not now before the
    country. What I did say was thii, viz: That
    at the time when I was on the Clay electoral ticket in
    Indiana, .Mr. Clay's orthodoxy as a Democratic poli-
    tician had never been doubted."
    Very respectfully,
    W. W. WICK.
    HousE or RERESENTATIv'rvs, Feb. 17, 1840.

    In St. Louis, on the 30th of January last, Miss
    MARY H. MAURO, third daughter of Col. P.
    MAURO, formerly of this city.
    In the death of this estimable young ladv,soo-
    ety, learning, and the church, have each I,:I ,irer
    of the brightest of their ornaments. Her course
    has been a short but brilliant one; and, though
    called early from amongst us, she has left behind
    her many enduring monuments, which bear the
    impress both of her superior genius and superior
    goodness. Nature endowed her wiih extraordi-
    nary talents, and propitious circumstance favoring
    their development, she succeeded to the highest de-
    gree of cultivation, embracing, in her acquire
    ments, and in her great stretch of thought, the whole
    tango of modern learning. To these admirable
    abilities and accomplishments were added all frank-
    uess and goodnes of heart; qualities, which en-
    deared her not only to her relatives, but to all who
    knew her; and, above all, she was a devoted
    Christian. In this community the deceased ti.- well
    known. It was here that her mind and h-'r af
    factions ripened to their great maturity, e\cmng,
    in their successive changes, an admiration a,.-I a
    friendship which last beyond the life of their la-
    mented object. To her numerous acquaintances
    here, the melancholy tidings of her death" come
    with an appalling sadness. Peace to her gentle
    spirit !
    "Light be the turf on thy tomb I
    No lovelier spirit than thine
    E'er berst from its mortal control
    In the orbs of the blessed to shine !" M.

    DITRINIIY CHURCH.-The Right Reve-
    rant Bishop MxADE, of Virginia, will preacgb in
    this church to-morrow (Tuesday) evening at 7

    cond Assembly will take place at Caru-t,-.
    Saloon, on Thursday, Feb. 27.
    Hon. Win. C. Preston Hon. W. C. Johns&h
    Gen. Alex. Hunter Hon. James MonrIe
    Gen. Gecrge Gibson Aaron Vail
    Hon. Richard Biddle Maj. Wm Turnbull
    Joseph Gales, jr. Poilip T. Ell.- .it
    Win. A. Bradley Dr. Jut. Ftie le -ck May
    Richard Wallach Charl s L. Jones
    Henry May Lt. J. R. Guldsb, rough
    Morris S. Miller Richard Wainwr,&bght
    Robert S. Chew Richard Hill
    P. Pemble Paulding Win. T. Winn "'
    J. Mandeville Carlisle Gilbert Rodman
    Subscribers will procure their tickets of alitti'-
    sion at Fi-cher's and at Gadsby's Hotel. "
    Gentlemen desirous of subscribing, and stranper-
    visiting the city wishing to procure ticke:., can do
    so by application to the managers.
    .No ticket can be procured at the doo4 on the evening
    of the assembly.
    Carriages will approach the Saloon by lith
    street, and depart by C street. Feb 17-3t
    W ANTED, as a House Servant, a smart -
    ltive colored boy; on-', well recommended,
    til bear ofa good situation ny appli-stion nat h.
    Cltrk's room, tGlobe OQfci, 'eb



    MONDAY EVENING, FEB. 17, 18410.

    We give the Abolition debate got up by Mr.
    H. CLAY, ia i.. Sernati, a few days since. Ina the
    course cf it, our readers will perceive that the apos-
    tate TALLMADOE was treated,by Mr. BRowN of North
    Carolina, with the severity he to well merited.
    All parties in the Senate now, we think, are very
    well pleased to ste him get his deserts.

    We publish to-day fresh instances of the wanton
    and cruel barbarities committed by the Indians of
    Florida; and while we are called upon daily to re-
    cord their deeds of blood, the peaceable and quiet
    citizens of Philadelphia are signing memorials
    against the employment of bloodhounds to track
    these ruthles savages to their lurking places.
    "Dreadful (say these memorialists) aA are the evils'
    attendant upon a state of warfare, even in its most
    mitigated form, to aggravate them by the introduc-
    t on of so barbarous and inhuman a measure, we
    view as an outrage upon every fee'ing of huma-
    aiiy, against which we are hound to protest." De-
    ceived by sounding words, and the romance
    of history, the memorialists characterize as an out-
    rage upon humanity, the use of dogs, to serve as
    guides in directing the pursuers to the dens of these
    savages, who glory and delight in blood. Are all
    the sympathievsof the humane and generous to be
    lavished on the assassins who, with unsparing
    hand, destroy the aged parents, and wives and chit.
    dren of our fellow-citizens in Florida? The inha-
    bitants of Florida are not suffering the evils of a state
    of warfare in any form as it is understood by the
    memorialists and by all civilized communities.
    They are exposed to the attacks of prow:iig sa-
    vages and midnight assassins,who fire their dwellinLs
    and butcher indiscriminately their fathers, and m,-
    thers, and wives, and children. We should like to
    -ee less sympathy excited by words and more by
    facts, which appeal strongly to the feelings. The
    Floridians are ina truth entitled to the warmest sym-
    pathies of the humane and generous throughout
    the Union, while the savages of that Territory
    have, by their wanton barbarites, merited their just
    abhorrence. It would, in reality, be an outrage
    upon every feeling of humanity,to deprive the former
    of what they beleve to be an effective means ot
    protection, because their dogs, whose unerring sa-
    gacity will discoverthe hiding places of the Indians,
    are called bloodhounds, and were used in former
    times to overtake and hold at bay, or drive into
    trees, unarmed savages.
    We understand that it is intended to hold these
    dogs by a leash when in the field, and to use them
    only as guides to follow the tracks of the Indians.
    To let them loose against the armed Semiao!e,
    would be only to send them to be shot or toma-
    hawkel. In a war beta-een a body cf Indians-
    armed with knives, tomahawks, and rifles-and
    dogs, we should think all the sympathies of the
    tender hearted should be on the side of the dogs.

    Extracts from the annals of Jamaica, by the Rev.
    GEORUE WILSON BRInDGES, A. M. vicar of the
    parish of St. ditAn, Jamaica.
    "In a lucky moment it was suggested to work
    upon the well known fears of the barbarians, by
    the use of dogs. From Cuba was sought and ob-
    tained the assistance of habitual chasseurs, who, in
    the mountains of Besucal, and in their country's
    service, are employed, with their trained blood-
    hounds, in the pursuit of the numerous banditti
    which i tuf:t thal i Laid.
    "The ctUa--.ur% arrived; the leaetics of the
    hounds were never sl pped, but the t rror which
    their approach inspired, effected mure than the
    arms of ten thousand warriors; and the maroons
    hastened to capitulate upon any terms. General
    Walpole had succeeded to the command ,.f the
    troops, and the simple terms which he proposed
    were instant y acceded to by the deputies sent to
    treat. a 4
    "The Eatil hastened to the spot, that he might
    ratify the terms; but the imaginary apprehensions
    of the maroons, who dreaded him almost as much
    as the hounds, the real difficulty of collecting their
    scattered body, and the time required by the igno-
    rant barbarians to communicate the information to
    each other, detained them beyond the day ap-
    pointed for heir surrender. Impatient of the de-
    lay, for which he would listen to no excuse, the
    Lieutenant Governor again ordered the hounds
    into the woods, when the terrified rebels resigned
    themselves as s[ree.-lily as they could reach his
    quarters; yet he made their temporary failure a
    ple.a to infringe the article of the treaty, by far the
    most important in their consideration, and with
    their six captains in confinement in St. Ann, they
    were all banished to Nova Scotia, where a succes-
    sion of difficulties opposed their s-'tlement, and
    they were finally removed to Sierra Leone."
    NoTEI. these hounds are very similar to those
    of Mount St. Bernard, in the Alps, and are so
    trained as to piur,,.-,tui not to injure, the object of
    their search. ..Whsn they overtake a fugitive,
    they make the.woods echo with their hideous yell,
    guard him with a watchful eye, but touch him not,
    unless he tfet nii to move or resist. The follow-
    ing is an instance of their services in Cuba: A
    fleet from Jamtaica, passing through the Gulf ot
    Mexico, beat np on ihe north side of Cuba. when
    tone of the -hip.. which was manned chiefly by
    Spantnli rene.-gades, was purposely run ashore by
    her piratical crew. All the British sailors on board
    were in'uisly mturderr-d, atn the assassins retired
    withtia'ii b. 'y t., w.e mountains, intending to
    penetr'e through the woods to come remote settle-
    ment on the sounh side, where they hoped to se-
    cure their treasure, and elude pursuit. Early in-
    teiata nee of tlte crime had, however, been convey-
    ed to the, and the murderers were pur-
    sued by a detachment of the Chasseurs del Rey,
    with their hands. In a few days they were all
    brought in an.aesca-auted; but not one of them wans
    hurt by the dl.'.t tt/iti captured them.

    ,-i ST. JosEnP, Jan. 29.
    |,\,w ,'--An expLe.- has just arrived (Tuesday
    morr,,n i i'r, i .la. u iih a letter from Mr. J. L.
    Smalls ,..,l, merchant of that place, stating that on
    Mnalay nichit it,,e family of Mrs. Harlan, about
    six niia l ir,.s lola, were all murdered and the
    pnisr ,l,-tut, by a party of Indians, supposed
    to be about fttenty in number. The citizens of
    that ati.ialitlhci.J were without arms or ammuni-
    tion, and call i-or assistance. The Indians will
    either remains, the Appalachicola swamps, or make
    IS Ihe easterp arnl of St. Andrew's Bay. A com-
    pan, h-'rn.:-, u'ilr"r the command of Colonel Fitz-
    pAtrick, hs- c~pe 11t pursuit of them.

    a t Aa'rta-.n.'L.A, (E. F.) January 29,1840.
    :'We thas n,,n-itrg received the ainsresing intelli-
    genc- that ihe family of Mr. Rowlett, at Rowlett's
    Mill-, in ihi. courny, about thirty miles from this
    city, were massacred by a party of Indians lust be-
    fore sundown last evciing. Mr. P. W. Rowlett
    and a mulatto man were Shot down by the Indians
    before they had show themselves. The Indians
    ten appt.'-.arhe.I the laiuse, and ih- inmates were
    a,..ti dowi, an r.r,[JaVu''rng o10 mate their escape.
    -Mrs. Holl,., a dau.hi, r -i Mr. Daniel Rowlett,
    lwas seen t0 iurn -inaie distance from the hose be-
    fore s.e ;ell. A na'ag)t man wa. shot near the
    tiouse. OCt. at .i'id.,al, a Mr labauson, we be.
    lif e, who ,,., tear the prt mi-F-, ak-lne escaped to
    tell the Sltary. The elder Mr. Rowle't andI one of
    llissons were from home uh ithe massacre took
    p ace -G.,artcle.

    $1OO) REWARD-Ther were stolen
    10 lat nigti, Letween nine and ten
    a.7tucK, frumI the pa'-age of a dwelling house on
    ri.arh F aire t, t.eiwecrn I ih and 141h ireets wes',
    being on ihe -quaie (-n which the Naliiinal
    sland,. and almost directly back .f i, tuo OVER-
    COATS; one a dark drab, sith outmde pocktti
    and pocket flaip-; he t.iher a blue, lined wih
    check -red worste-l cloilh, aced on the breast wi h
    velv t. and a vorlvel cltar.
    Tt., alive ire-iaid v ill btn pal f6r the er.ars and.
    the r'thii nn ti il' the thief, or filly dollars will he
    pa,.l tir tre delivery ef Uhe coals alone, at the
    Glube rci:.n. JaB 12--dilf

    WITH DISEASES OF THE LUNGS AND j4 STOVE-Per producing an equal distribu
    "INDPIPE.-REV. I. COVERT"1 BALM OF tion uf heat in Roomi, Haitlts,Academi', Churches,
    LIFE: A new and valuable remedy for the cure of 8leaa.biiat, Ratirrad Cars, Ac. Also, for warnm-
    COUGHeS,OLDS,CONSUalIPTION,ASTHMIA. in several apartments by one stove-Combining
    BRONCHITIS, CROUP, WHOOPING COUGH, allthe advantages of the Store and Furnace.
    and all diseases of the LUNGS and WINDPIPE, A lot ut the above invaluable Stoves has been
    extensively used and recommended by the Medical received, and for sale at Francis Naylor's Tin
    Faculti, to whom the Recipe has befn freely and Sheet Iron Factory, Pennsylvania avenue,
    made known. -.outh side, near Third street, west. Comfort,
    HOADLEY, PHELPS & Co. wholesale Drug- economy, and neatness, combined; all who have
    gists, 142 Water street, N. Y. General Agents. an eye to those three essentials, would do well to
    I. COVERT & Co. Proprietors, Auburn, N. Y. call and examine before purchasing other Stoves.
    The proprietor of this medicine, having witness- ADVANTAGES.
    ed, with much pain, the great and increasing de- 1. Durability.-The case can never burn out.
    struetion of the life and health of so many of his The interior Stove is rendered stronger and more
    fellow beings by Consumption, Bronchitis, and the durable by the patent flange conductors.
    various and numerous other diseases of the Lungs 2. Comfort.-It distributes a mild, summer-like
    and Windpipe, was induced to direct his attention temperature equally in every part, so that it is not
    and inquiries to :he discovery of a more efficacious uncomfortable near the Stove, from the heat, nor
    remedy than has heret-tofore been presented to the uncomfortable at a distance, from the cold.
    public. 3. Economy.-A considerable amount of fuel is
    With much care, consultation, and study, he has saved by securing the radiated heat usually lost.
    prepared a medicine, which he now presents to an 4. Security.-No injury is done to furniture or
    intelligent and discerning public, with the utmost goods by radiation.
    confidence in its virtues and success in the cure of 5. Contenicnce.-Several apartments may be
    the diseases for which it is recommended-and heated agreeably by one Stove. Though intended
    which he is willing to submit to the most scruti- for the Parlor and Hall, it may, if preferred, be
    nizing test of the Medical Faculty, and to rest its used to heat them from below, in the manner of a
    reputation upon their decision, furnace.
    It contains no ingredients that can impair the 6. Cleanness.-No dust from the coal is thrown
    constitution under any circumstances. It will be out, nor does the exterior of the Stove lose its color
    found greatly serviceable in Colds, Coughs, and all rom heat.
    diseases of the Lungs and Bronchia, such as 7. Ease of management.-The management is
    Phthisic, Asthma, Whooping Cough, Croup, simple and similar to that of a common Stove.
    Acute and Chronic inflammationsof the Lungs and 8. Ventilation.-I has an arrangement for ad-
    Windpipe. mitting the air to be heated, in any way desired.
    By the DYSPEPTIC it has been used with de- TESTIMONIALS.
    cided advantage, and is serviceable to persons la- From J- B. Burleigh, esq. No. 29, Fayette street,
    boring under debility of any kind, if used according Baltimore.
    to the directions. To the CONSUMPTIVE, it has "Mr. Miller put up his Patent Air-heating Stove
    invariably afforded almost immediate relief, and in in my office about two months ago. It keeps up a
    several instances has wrought a permanent cure. lively circulation of heated air, and has decided
    It is not, however, expected to effect a cure upon advantages over any that I have ever seen in use
    such as are in the last stages of the disease; but in regard to health, comfort, and economy.-March
    even to such, it will be found to give much relief, 1839.
    and greatly prolong that remnant of life which has From Rev. B. Hutchinson, Principal of .academy,
    become so nearly extinguished by the dread de- Fayette street, Baltimore.
    stroyer. "I have used Mr. Miller's newly invented Air-
    The proprietor is now receiving, almost daily, heating Stove for several months, and am con-
    testimonials of the highest respectability from phy- minced that it is much superior to every other Stove
    sicians, clergymen, and others, who have become that I have seen. It is so constructed that it may
    acquainted with its nature and effect, among be made to heat several rooms with very little extra
    which are the following: expense. I cordially recommend it to the public."
    "I have examined a recipe for a compound called From Mr. D. Barnum, Proprietor of the City Hotel,
    the Balm of Life, in the hands of Rev. Isaac Co- Baltimore.
    vert, and have to state that I consider it a safe and "I put up two of Mr. Miller's Air-heating
    useful combination of medicines, calculated to be Stoves in my City Hotel, and have found them
    very beneficial in chronic diseases of the lungs and admirably adapted both to large and small rooms,
    air passages. AVERY J. SKILTON, In preserving an equallity of temperature, and in my
    Troy, June 27, 1839. -Physician and Surgeon. opinion more conducive to health and comfort than
    I fully concur in the above recommendation, the ordinary Stoves. I think them also much more
    T. S. BAnMs:ETTr, economical in respect to saving of fuel."
    Physician and Surgeon, New York city. From .Messrs. McLaugtin and Stannard.
    This certifies that having examined the Rev. I. "We have used Mr. Miller's Air-heating Stoves,
    Covert's Balm of Life in all its component parts, and our opinion coincides with that expressed
    we do believe it to be one of the best compounds stoe by Mr. Barnum.-Baltimore, Feb. 1839.
    for coughs, consumption, chronic inflammations, Extracts from Public Notices.
    etc. of which we have any knowledge, and do "The invention of Mr. James Miller of this
    most cordially recommend its use to all afflicted city strikes us as being unsurpassed by any of the
    with the above named diseases. modern apparatus for warming apartments. It
    J. W. DANIELS, M. D. .. e iffuese a mild and uniform heat throughout the room,
    W. J. LovxIov, M. D. -Salnna. and is so constructed that two apartment may be
    GORDON NEEDHAM, M. D. Onondaga. heated with it at about the same expense of fuel as
    E. LAWMEsCE, M. D. Baldwinsville. is required in ordinary Stoves for one."
    The nature of the composition of the R,.-v. I. Baltimore Transcript and Com. Gazette.
    Covert's Balm of Life, having been fullyexplained "We attended the examination of an Air.heat-
    to the following medical gentlemen, they have con- iug Stove placed in the Reading room of Mr. Bar-
    seuted that they may be referred to as authority for nuim's City Hotel. It has a decided superiority
    its utility as an expectorant in those chronic cases over every other Stove which we have seen.
    of pulmonary disease, in which that class of reme- [February, 1839.-Bait. Republican.
    dies is indicated. From Rev..A. C. Thomas, Philadelphia.
    D.M. REESE, M. D. Professor of the Theory "I have had opportunities of witnessing the ope-
    and Practice of Medicine in the Albany Medical ratien of Mr. Miller's Air-Heating Stove, and have
    College. no hesitation in recommending it for several desira-
    J. M'NAvGHTON, M. D. Professor of Anatomy ble qualities: 1st, The inconvenience and discom-
    and Physiology in the Fairfield Medical College. fort of radiation is nearly avoided, thus adapting
    MASK STxgPENSO, M.D. New York city. the stove toschool rooms and meetings for public
    Doct. M. McKmonHT, New York city. worship, and 2d, the fuel consumed is considerably
    J. MITCHnUEL, M. D. Philadelphia. less than was required to produce an equal degree
    The following named individuals have also given of heat, by the Stove removed to make room for
    their testimony in favor of the medicine; whose cer- Mr. Miller's improvement.-March, 1839.
    tiflcales, together with many others, may be seen EZLxtrat from a letter of Rev. 8. W. Fuller, Phila-
    by application to any of the agents, delhia
    Rev. IsAAC STosz, Lysander, N. Y. "DEAn Sin: The model of Air-Heating Stove,
    Dr. JosEPH T. PiTNerY,) submitted to my examination last winter, led me
    Dr. E. HuMrH nEys, Auburn, N. Y. to believe that in several essential provisions it
    N. WEAVER, M. .3 was decidedly superior to any Stove I had ever
    Rev. D. Meoom, Aurelius, N.Y. seen, and I am happy to add, that my belief in its
    Rev. H. BANNIST'Ra, Casenovia, N. Y. superior properties was soon after fully confirmed
    WM. MonRIS, M. D. Utica, N. Y. by seeing one of the Stoves in operation. Your ef-
    R. GLOVER, M. D. New York City. forts and success in providing a Stove so well cal-
    Rev. TIMOTHVY STOW, Elbridge, N.Y. eulated to promote the comfort of your fellow-citi-
    JOHN WILSON, M. D. Albany, N. Y. zeus, deserve, and I doubt not will receive the pa-
    3. 0. SHIPMAN, M. D. Fayetteville, N. Y. tronage of a discerning public."--May, 1839.
    S. R. Kinar, M. D. New York City.
    C. R. KIB TOWN N, M. D. Albany, N.City. From Proprietors of the Globe.
    C. D* TOWNENDa M. D. Albany, .We are now using Miller's Stoves in our office,
    A. STTEETEa, M. D. Troy, N.Y. and consider them superior to any we have ever
    L. STREETER, M- D. tse
    A. H. Nuwoosa, M. D. Salina, N. Y. seen.
    For sale by most of the druggists in Washing- For sale at F. NAYLOR'Savenue.
    FrslbyNov 8-ly Pennsylvania avenue.
    ton; by
    0. M. LINTHICUM, Georgetown. MDN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
    J. F. CLARx, Baltimore. J. BEN, President of the United States of Ame-
    J. C. ALLEN, 180 South Second st. Philadelphia. rica, do hereby declare and make known that pub-
    B. EszMERSO, Norfolk. lic sales will be held at the undermentioned land
    And in most of the towns in the United Stat.i offices, in the State of Lou'siana, at the periods
    where pamphlets, containing particulars and nu hereinafter designated, to wit:
    mnerous testimonials, may be had gratis. At the land office at Ouachita, commencing on
    Dec 4-6m Monday, the eleventh day of May next, for the dis-
    ________________________________________________. unnnrnratpi'l vaeant.-...sin ,dq.,In

    FOR SHAVING.-Ring's celebrated VERBE-
    NA CREAM SOAP, the best article ever
    offered for shaving: for sale by Dr. Watkins, S, J.
    Todd, Charles Stott, J. L. Peabody, R. S. Patter-
    son, W. Kirkwood, E. H. and C. H. James, F.
    Howard,in Washington; 0. M. Linthicum, George-
    town, and W. Stabler and others, in Alexandria.
    medicine ia now offered to the public, as the best
    remedy now in use for thecure of the above named
    diseases. It is extensively recommended by Phy-
    sicians, Clergymen, and others, towhom the recipe
    has been freely made known.
    See circulars containing particulars, and nume-
    rous certificates which may be had gratis of all
    the agents. Hoadly, Phelps, and Co. Wholesale
    Druggists, 142 Water street, New York, are ap-
    pointed General Agents, and are prepared to sup-
    ply venders on the Proprietor's best terms.
    I. COVERT & Co. Proprietors,
    Auburn, New York.

    TO PILLS.-These Pills continue to main-
    tam the celebrity which they so rapidly and exten-
    sively acquired, and have proved themselves an
    ufneqalled remedy as an alternative in Dyspepsia,
    Chronic, and Glandular diseases, and as a Cathar-
    tic in all Bilious affections, and Family Physic;
    as from their nature and composition they are par-
    ticularly mild and salutary in their operation.
    The testimonials of their superior beneficial effects
    from Physicians and distinguished individuals,
    places them beyond the doubtful remedies of the
    day, and warrants the proprietor in claiming for
    them superior consideration.
    %* As there are other and different Tomato
    Pills now advertised, and some even as "Phelps's"
    those wishing the genuine should be particular to
    get those signed G. R. Phelps, M. D. Hartford,
    Conn. For testimonials see pamphlets in the
    hands of all those who sell them.
    For sale by the proprietor, Hartford, Connecti-
    cui; and by agents in moat of the principal towns
    in ihe United States.
    FOR SALE AS ABOVE. Dec. 4-d6m

    DlEBATES in the several State Conventions
    ,in the adoption of the Federal Constitution,
    as recommern.led by the General Convention at
    Phila-leiphia in 1787; together with ihe journal of
    tiv Federal Conventinn, Luther Mart n's Letters,
    Yales's Minuaes, Congres-tonal Opinions, Virginia
    and Kentucky Resolutiuns of '98-'99, and other
    illustrations of the Constitution; second edition,
    with considerable additions, collected and revised
    from cr, temnpoiraly publications, by Jonathan
    El'itl, published under the sanction of Congress,
    is focr sale at the Book and Sttion.ry store of

    Sat the fir.t, second, and third sesinns or the
    Tweniy-Fifth Congre", of Mesais. Calhoun. Clay,
    Buchanan, Berntion, Rives, Tallmadge, Whster,
    Allen, and other members of the Senate and House
    of Representatives, on the Sub-Treasury and other
    iiporiLant subjects, in pamphlet form, for sale at
    Jan 10 Pa. Av.bethen llth tad 13th %a.

    ousai ut tlhe uinapproriv cua vacuant puuiu ja ua, to
    which no "private claims" are alleged, under ex-
    isting laws, within the limits of the undermentioned
    townships north of Red river, viz:
    .Nor& oft/e 31st degree of latitude, and east of the
    Townships fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen, of
    range five.
    Townships fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen, of
    range six.
    Township fifteen, of range eight.
    Township thirteen, of range nine.
    Township thirteen, of range ten.
    At the land office at Natchitoches, for the n-rth-
    western district of Louisiana, commencing on
    Monday, the eleventh day of May next, for the dis-
    posal of the unappropriated vacant public lands to
    which no "private claims" are alleged under ex-
    isting laws, within the limits of the undermentioned
    townships and fractional townships, viz:
    .North of the 31st degree of latitude, and wes of the
    The fractional township fifteen, situated on the
    north side of Red river, of ranges eleven and
    The fractional township sixteen, situated on the
    north side of Red river, of ranges twelve and thir-
    The fractional township eighteen, situated on the
    south side of Red river, of ranges thirteen and
    Township nine, of range six.
    At the land office at Opelousas, commencing on
    Monday, the eleventh day of May next, for the dis-
    posal of the unappropriated vacant public lands to
    which no "private claims" are alleged under exist-
    ing laws, within the limits of the undexmentioned
    township and fractional township, viz:
    Nbrth ofthe 31st degree of latitude, and west of the
    Township three, and the fractional township
    four, situated on the south side of Rid river, of
    range one.
    Lands appropriated by law for the use of
    schools, military, or other purposes, will be ex-
    cluded from sale.
    The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
    (unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and n ,
    longer; and no private entries of land in the town-
    ships so offered will be admitted until after the
    expiration of the two weeks.
    Given under my hand at the city of Washing-
    ton, this tweniy-ninth day of January, anno
    Domini, eighteen hundred and forty.
    By the President:
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.

    Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
    to any of the lands designated in the above pro-
    clamation, is requested to prove the same to
    the satisfaction of the Register and Receiv-
    er of the proper land office, and make pay-
    ment iherefor, as soon as practicable after seeing
    this notice, in order that the claim maybe adjudica-
    ted by those officers agreeably to law, in due time
    prior te the day appointed for the commence-
    ment of the public sale; and all claims not duly
    made known and paid for prior to the date afore-
    said, are declared bylaw to be forfeited.
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.
    Jan 30-law I I May
    GRAVEL cured in a short time by uhiag Dr.
    Wpa'i Tomato Pill,

    hereby given, that the public sale of lands ordered
    to take place at Burlington, in the Terrioty of
    Iowa, commencing on Monday, the fourth day of
    November nex, by proclamation of the President
    of the United States, bearing date the second day
    of July last, is declared to be postponed until, and
    will commence on, Monday, the ninth day of March
    Notice is also given that the sale of the follow-
    ing described lands, ordered by the same procla-
    mation to commence on Monday, the twenty-first
    diy of October next, is declared to be postponed
    until, and will commence on, Monday, the twenty-
    third day of March next, viz:
    .North of the base line and east of the fifA/ principal
    Fractional township seventy-seven, of ranges
    one, two, and three.
    .North of the base line and west oq the fifth principal
    The fractional township Six, in fractional town-
    ship seventy; fractional townships seventy-one, se-
    venty-two, seventy-three, and the fractional section
    thirty-one, in fractional township seventy-four, of
    range one.
    Fractional townships sixty-eight, sixty-nine, and
    seventy; township seventy-three, and fractional
    townships seventy-four, seventy-five, and seven-
    ty-six, of range tAo.
    Fractional township sixty-eight, townships seven-
    ty-one, seventy-three, and seventy-four, of range
    Fractional township sixty-seven, and townships
    sixty.eight, seventy-four, seventy-five, seventy-six,
    and seventy-seven, of range four.
    Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
    this 27th day of September, anno Domini 1839.
    By the President:
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.
    N pursuiance of law, 1, MARTIN VAN BU-
    REN, President of the United States of Ame-
    rica, do hereby declare and make known that pub.
    lic sales will be held at the undermentioned land
    offices, in the State of Michigan, at the periods
    hereinafter designated, to wit:
    At the land office at lonia, commencing on Mon-
    day, the eleventh day of May next, for the disposal
    of the public lands within the limits of the under-
    mentioned townships, viz:
    ,North of the base line and west of the principal
    Townships fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen, of
    range three.
    Townships thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen,
    and seventeen, of range four.
    Townships eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen,
    fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen, of range five.
    Townships eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen,
    fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen, of range six.
    Townships eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen,
    fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen, of range seven.
    Townships even, tivelve, thirteen, fourteen,
    fifteen, sixeen, and seventeen, of range eight.
    Townships eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen,
    fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen, of range nine.
    Townships eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen,
    fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen, of range ten.
    At the same place, in continuation, commencing
    on Monday, the twenty-fifth day of May next, for
    the disposal of the public lan Is within the limits of
    the undermentioned townships and fractional
    townships, viz:
    .North of the base line, and west of the principal
    Townships eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen,
    fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen, except section
    eighteen, in township thirteen, of range eleven.
    Townships eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fif-
    teen, sixteen, and seventeen, except section thirty-
    five, in township thirteen, of range twelve.
    Townships eleven, twe;ve, thirteen, fourteen, fif-
    teen, sixteen, and seventeen, of range thirteen.
    Townships twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen,
    sixteen, and seventeen, of range fourteen.
    Townships twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, six-
    teen, and seventeen, of range fifteen.
    Townships twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fiftien, six-
    t n, and seventeen, of range sixteen.
    Townships twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen,
    sixteen, and seventeen, of range seventeen.
    Fractional townships twelve, thirteen, fourteen,
    fifteen, sixteen, and seventeen, bordering on Lake
    Mlfichigan, of range eighteen.
    Fiac ional townships fourteen and fifteen, border-
    ing on Lake M /ehigan, of rage nineteen.
    At the same place, commencing on Monday, the
    fifteenth day of June next, for the disposal of the
    public lands within the limits of the undermen-
    tioned townships and fractional townships, viz:
    .North of the base line, and west of the principal
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range three.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    ranse four.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range five.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range six.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range seven.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range eight.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range nine.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range ten.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range eleven.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range twelve.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range thirteen.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range fourteen.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, cf
    range fifteen.
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range sixteen.
    Townships eighteen and nineteen, and fractional
    township twenty, bordering on Lake JMichigan, of
    range seventeen.
    Fractional townships eighteen, nineteen, and
    twenty, bordering on Lake tichigan, of range eigh-
    At the land office at Genesee, commencing on
    Monday, the eleventh day of May next, for the dis-
    posal of the public lands within the limits of the
    undermentioned townships, to wit:
    .Noerlh of the base line, and west of the principal meri-
    Townships eighteen, nineteen, and twenty, of
    range one.
    Townships seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, and
    twenty, of range two.
    At the land office at Detroit, commencing on
    Monday, the eleventh day of May next, for the dis-
    posal of the public lands the limits of the
    west half of town-hip six, north of range tAirteen,
    east of the principal meridian.
    Lands appropriated, by law, for the use of
    schools, military, or other purposes, will be excluded
    from sales.
    The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
    (unless the lands are sooner d sposed of,) and no
    longer, ai d no private entries of laud, in the town-
    ships s3 offered, will be admitted until after the ex-
    piration of the two weeks.
    Given under my hand, at the City of Washing.
    ton. this sixth day of February, anno Domini,

    By the President:
    Commissioner of the General Land Office,

    Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
    to any of the lands designated in the above pro-
    clamation, is requested to prove the same to the sa-
    tisfaction of the Register and Receiver of the pro-
    per land office, and make payment therefore, as soon
    as practicable after seeing this notice, in order that the
    claim may be adjudicated by those officers agreea-
    bly to law, in due time, prior to the day appointed
    for the commencement of the public sale, and all
    claims not duly made known, and paid for, prior to
    the dite aforesaid, are declared by law to be forfeited.
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.
    LIFE: A new and valuable remedy for the cure cf
    and all diseases of the LUNGS and WINDPIPE;
    extensively used and recommended by the Medical
    Faculty, to whom the recipe has been freely made
    A supply of the above remedy just received at
    Jan 8--1m TODD'S Drug Store.

    SOTICE ti hereby given that the public sitale
    1 of lands ord, ied by the Ir clamati .tI of the
    President of the United S'tat. -, dated 20th Septem-
    ber, 1839, to be held iI th,- I. nil office at Ch cigo,
    Illinois, en Monday, the 27th day of January rest,
    is declared to be deferred until, and will com-
    mence on, Monday, the ninth day of March next.
    Given under my hand at the city of Washing-
    ton, this 30th day of December, anno Do-
    mini, 1839. M. VAN BUREN.
    By the President:
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.
    Dec 30-law7w
    I pursuance of law, 1, MARTIN VAN BU-
    REN, President of the United States of Ame-
    rica, do hereby declare and make known, that pub-
    lic sales will be held at the undermentioned land
    offices, in the Territory of Wisconsin, at the pe-
    riods hereinafier designated, to wi':
    At the land office at Green Bay, commencing
    on Monday, the sixth day of April next, for the
    disposal of the public lands lying within the limits
    of the undermentioned townships and fractional
    townships, to wit:
    .North of the base line and east of the meridian.
    Fractional township twenty, lying north of Lake
    and east of Wolf river, of range fourteen.
    Fractional township nineteen, lying north of Fox
    river and north and east of Lake Pivawgun, and
    township twenty, of range fifteen.
    The fractional part of township eighteen, lying
    north of Fox river, the fractional township nine-
    teen, lying north of the Lake and east of Fox river,
    and township twenty, of range sixteen.
    The fractional townships eighteen and nineteen,
    situated west of Winnsbago Lake, of range
    At the land office at Milwaukee, commencing
    on Monday, the thirteenth day of April next, for
    the disposal of the public lands lying within the
    limits of the undermentioned fractional townships,
    to wit:
    .Noarth of the base line and east of the meridian.
    Fractional townships one, two, three and four,
    situated east of Rock river, of range twelve.
    Fiactional township four, on the east side of
    Rock river, of range thirteen.
    Also, for the disposal of the following tracts not
    heretofore offered at public sale, viz:
    The northeast and southeast quarters of section
    twenty-six, in township ten north, of range twenty
    one east.
    Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
    military or other purposes, will be excluded from
    The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
    (unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
    onger, and no private entries of land in the town-
    ships so offered will be admitted until after the ex-
    piration of the two weeks.
    Given under my hand, at the city of Warhing
    ton, this seventh day of December, anno Domini,
    1839. M. VAN BUREN.
    By the President:
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.
    Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
    to any of the lands designated in the above procla-
    mation, is requested to prove the same to the satis-
    faction of the register and receiver of the proper
    land office, and make payment therefore as seen as
    pfracticable afler seeing this notice, in order that the
    claim may be adjudicated by those officers agreea-
    bly to law, in due time prior to the day appointed
    for the commencement of the public sale; and all
    claims not duly made known and paid for prior to
    ihe date aforesaid, are declared by law to be for-
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.
    Dec 10-wtAprill3
    N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
    REN, President of the United States of Ame-
    rica, do hereby declare and make known, that a
    public sale will be held at the land office at Mil-
    waukee, in the Territory of Wisconsin, on Mon-
    day, the twentieth day of April next, for the dis-
    posal of the public lands hereinafter designated,
    being the sections heretofore reserved under the
    provisions of the 11th section of the act of Con-
    gress, approved on the 18th of June, 1838, entitled
    "An act to grant a quantity of land to the Terri-
    tory of Wisconsin, for the purpose of aiding in
    opening a canal to connect the waters of Lake
    Michigan W0ih those of Rock river," as falling
    within the probable limits of the canal grant, but
    subsequently ascertained to be without its limits,
    according to the final location of the route of the
    canal, viz:
    NAorth of the base line, and east of the meridian.
    Sections two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight,
    nine, ten, and eleven, in township six, and sections
    thirty-three and thirty-four, in township seven, of
    range seventeen.
    Sections one, two, three, four, nine, ten, eleven,
    and twelve, in township six, and sections thirty-
    five and thirty-six, in township seven, of range
    Sections six and seven, in township six, and
    section thirty-one, in township seven, of range
    Sections three, ten, eleven, thirteen, fourteen,
    fifteen, twenty-two, twenty-thiee, and twenty-four,
    in township six, of range twenty-one.
    Sections eighteen and nineteen, in township six,
    of range twenty-two.
    Also, for the sale of the following detached
    tracts, which were sold at the public sales in Octo-
    ber, 1839, and forfeited to the United States, the
    purchasers having failed to make payment for the
    same, to wit:
    Nvbrth of the base line, anil cet of the meridian.
    The west half of the southwest quarter of section
    thirty-three, in township six, of range twenty.
    The west half of the southeast quarter of sec-
    tion twenty-nine, in township seven, of range
    The southeast quarter of section thirty-one, in
    township seven, of range twenty-one.
    The southeast quarter of section two, the south-
    west quarter of section eleven, the east half of the
    southwest quarter of section twelve, and the east
    half of the northeast quarter of section thirteen, in
    township eight, of range twenty-one.
    Also, for the sale of the following tracts in one
    of the alternate sections reserved to the United
    States under the provisions of the act of Congress
    aforesaid, to be sold at a sum of not less than two
    dollars and fifty cents per acre, and not subject to
    entry by pre-emptors, to wit:
    Lots five, six, seven, and eight, in section thirty-
    two, in township seven north, of range twenty-two
    Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
    military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
    The sale will be kept open for two weeks,
    (unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
    longer; and no private entries of land, in the sec-
    tions so offered, will be admitted until after the ex-
    piration of the two weeks.
    Given under my hand, at the City of Washing-
    ton, this seventh day of December, anno Domini,
    1839. M. VAN BUREN.
    By the President:
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.
    Dec 10-lawtApril 20

    N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
    REN, President of the United States of Ame-
    rica, do hereby declare and make known, that
    public sales will be held at the undermentioned
    land offices, n the Slate of Arkansas, at the pe-
    riods hereinafter designated, to wit:
    At the land office at Batesville, commencing on
    Monday, the twenty-fourth day of February next,
    for the disposal of the public lands within the
    limits of the undermentioned townships and frac-
    tional townships, to wit:
    .North of the base line and east of the fifth principal
    Township seventeen, of range one.
    Township nine, of range two.
    Townships seventeen and twenty-one, except the
    northern tier of sections in twenty-one, of range
    Townships sixteen and seventeen, of range five.
    North of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
    Township sixteen, of range one.
    Township sixteen, of range two.
    Fractional township ten, north of the old Chero-
    kee boundary line, and fractional township fifteen,
    lying west of White river, of range eleven.
    Townships fourteen and fifteen, of range sixteen.
    Township fourteen, of range seventeen.
    At the land office at Fayetteville, commencing
    on Monday, the second day of March next, for the
    disposal ef the public lands within the limits of the
    undermentioned townships and fractional town-
    ships, viz:

    l.yrth of d A" n'. anJ sdtael0the AtYhpiucipel
    Fractional township twenty-one, lying south of
    White river, of range eighteen.
    Township seventeen, of range twenty.
    Townships eighteen and nineteen, of range
    Townships seventeen and eighteen, of range
    Townships sixteen and seventeen, of range
    Township eighteen, of range thirty.
    Townships twelve, thirteen and eighteen, of
    range thirty-two.
    Fractional township thirteen, and townships
    eighteen and nineteen, orange thirty-three.
    At the land office at Washington, commencing
    on Monday, the twenty-fourth day of February
    next, for the disposal of the public lands within the
    limitsof the undermentionedtownships and frac-
    tional townships, to wit:
    South of the base line and west of the fifth principal
    Township eight, of range tw-nty-five.
    Township eight, of range twenty-six.
    Township eight, and fractional township four-
    teen, on the north side of Red river, of range twen-
    Township eleven, of range thirty.
    Townships ten and thirteen, of lange thirty-one.
    Township twelve, of range thirty-two.
    At the land office at Johnson Court-house, com-
    mencing on Monday, the ninth day of March next,
    for the disposal of the public lands within the limits
    of the undermentioned townships and fractional
    townships, to wit:
    North of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
    Township six, of range twenty-two.
    Fractional township nine, north of Arkansas
    river, of sange thirty-two. ,
    Township ten, of range twenty-three.
    Township ten, of range twenty-five.
    Township eleven, of range thirty-two.
    At the land office at Little Rock, commencing on
    Monday, the sixteenth day of March next, tor the
    disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
    following townships, to wit:
    Aorth of the base line and west of the fifth principal
    Township six, of range fifteen.
    South of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
    Township fifteen, of range eight.
    Township three, of range seventeen.
    At the land office at Helena, commencing on
    Monday, the twenty-third day of March next, for
    the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
    the following township and fractional township,
    to wit:
    South ef the base line, and west of the fifth principal
    Township t:n, except sections one, five, six,
    seven, eight, twelve, thirteen, seventeen, twenty-
    fcur, twenty-five, and thirty-six, of range one.
    The fraction of township sixteen, lying east of
    Old River lake, of range two.
    Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
    military or other purposes, will be excluded from
    The sales will each be kept open for two
    weeks, (unless the lands are sooner disposed of,)
    and no longer; and no private entries of lands in the
    townships so offered, will be admitted until after
    the expiration of the two weeks.
    Given under my hand, at the city of Washing-
    ton, this sixteenth day of November, anno Domini
    By the President:
    Commissioner of he General Land Office.t

    Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
    to any of the lands designated in the above procla-
    matien, is requested to prove the same to the satis-
    faction of the Register and Receiver of the proper
    laud oilce, and make payment therefore as soon as
    practicable after seeing this notice, in order that the
    claim may be adjudicated by those officers agreea-
    bly to law, in due time, prior to the day appointed
    for the commencement of the public sale; and all
    claims not duly made known and paid for prior to
    the date aforesaid, are declared by law to be for-
    feited. JAS. WHITCOMB,
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.
    Nov. 18-lawt23March
    N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
    REN, President of the United States of Ame-
    rica, do hereby declare and make known that a
    public saie will be held at the land office at
    Springfidd, in the State of Missouri, commencing
    on Monday, the second day of March next, for the
    disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
    undermentioned townships, to wit:
    North of the base line, and west of the Jioh principal
    Township thirty-six, of range eleven.
    Township thirty-five, of range twelve.
    Township thirty-nine of range fourteen.
    Township thirty-eight, of range fifteen.
    Township thirty-seven, of range sixteen.
    Township thirty-nine, of range seventeen.
    Township thirty-nine, of range eighteen.
    Township thirty-six, of range nineteen.
    Township twenty-seven, of range twenty.
    Township twenty-eight, of range twenty-one.
    Township thirty, of range twenty-six.
    Township thirty-four, of range twenty-seven.
    Township thirty-six, of range twenty-eight.
    Township thirty-five, of range twenty-nine.
    Township twenty-nine, of range thirty.
    Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
    military or other purposes, will be excluded from
    The sale will be kept open for two weeks,
    (unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
    longer; and na private entries of land in the town-
    ships so offered will be admitted, until after the
    expiration of the two weeks.
    Given under my hand at the city of Washington
    this sixteenth day of November, anne Domini, 1839.
    M. VAN BURN.
    By the President,
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.

    Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
    to any of the lands designated in the above pro-
    clamation is requested to prove the same to the
    satisfaction of the register and receiver of the
    land office, and make payment therefore, as soon as
    practicable after seeing- this notice, in order that the
    claim may be adjudicated by those officers agree-
    ably to law, in due time, prior to the day appointed
    for the commencement of the public sale; and all
    claims not duly made known and paid for prior to
    the date aforesaid are declared by law to be for-
    Commissionerof the General Land Office.
    Nov. 18-lawt2March
    IN pur.uance of law, 1, MARTIN VAN BU-
    REN, President of ihe United States of Ame-
    rica, do hereby declare and make known, that a
    public sale will be held at the land office at Du-
    buque, in the Territory of Iowa, commencing on
    Monday, the fourth day of May next, for the dis-
    posal of the public lands within the limits of the
    undeimentioned townships, to wit:
    .North of the base line, and east of the fifth principal

    Townships seventy-eight, seventy-nine, eighty,
    eighty-one, and eighty-seven, of range one.
    Townships seventy-eight, seventy-nine, eighty,
    eighty-six, and eighty-seven, of range two.
    Townships seventy-eight, seventy-nine, and
    eighty, of range three.
    Fractional township seventy-eight, townships
    seventy-nine, eighty, eighty-one, eighty-two, eigh-
    three, and eighty-five, of range four.
    Fractional townships seventy-eight, seventy-nine,
    and eighty, townships eighty-one and eighty-two,
    and fractional township eighty-six, of range five.
    Township eighty-two, and fractional township
    eighty-five, of range six.
    Fractional townships eighty-two, eighty-three,
    eighty-four, and eighty-five, of range seven.
    At the same place, in continuation, commencing
    on Monday, the eighteenth day of May next, for
    the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
    the undermentioned townships, to wit:
    NorthI of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
    Townships eighty, eighty-one, eighty-eight, and
    eighty nine, of range one.
    Townships eighty, eighty-one, eighty-two, eighty-
    eight, eighty-nine, and ninety, of range two. I
    Townships seventy-eight, seventy-nine, eighty,
    eighty-one, eighty-two, eighty-three, eighty-eight,
    and ninety-one, of range three.
    Townships eighty, eighty-one, eighty-two, eigh-
    ty-three, eighty-eight, ninety-one, and ninety-two,
    of range four.
    Townships seveaty-nine, eighty-four, eighty-

    five, ninety-one, ad ninety-two, of range five. member of the community, and whom veliil
    Township seventy-nine, except section% two, cannot be doubted:
    three, four, nine, ten, eleven, fourteen, and fifteen, Mr. 8epteminiu Kendall, of the town of Wee-
    and town-hip ninety, of range sx. terloo, county of Albany, was for about 27 years
    Lands appiopriaed by law for tie uwe of schools, troubled with a nervous and bilious affection,
    military tr other ,urpcses, i l ba excluded from which for 7 years rendered him unable to attend to
    -ale. his business, and during the last 3 years of his ill-
    The sales will each be kept open for two weeks, ness was confined to the house. His symptoms
    (unless the lands are sooner disposed of.) and no were dizziness, pains in the head and side, palpita-
    longer, and no private entries of land, in the town- tion of the heart, want of appetite, 4c. After
    ship- si offered, will be admitted until after the expending during his confinement, nearly three
    expira ion of the two weeks, hundred dollars without obtaining any permanent
    Given under my hand, at the city of Washing- relifct, he by accident noticed an advertisement of
    ton, this twenty-second day of January, anno Dr. Win. Evans's Camomile and Aperieni Pills,
    Domini, 1840. and was consequently induced to make a trial of
    M. VAN BUREN. them. After using them about a fortnight, he was
    By the President: able to walk cut; in four months he could attend to
    JAMtE, WHITCOMB, business, and considered his disease entirely re-
    Comniwsioner of the General Land Office. moved. The above information was given to the
    subscriber by Mr. Kendall himself; there can
    NOTICE TO PRE-EMPTION CLAIMANTS. therefore, be no deception.
    Every person claiming the right of pre-emption STEPHEN VAN SCHAICK.
    to any of the lands designated in the above procia- 03 Entered according to theact of Congress "3
    mation, is requs'ed to prove the same to ihe sa- Be sure that the label on the box expresses such.
    tisfaction of the Register and Receiver of the Land The genuine is vended by Agents only.
    Office, and make payment therefore, as soon as prac- Sold at 100 Chatham street, New Yolk.
    ticable after seeing this notice, in order that the claim AGMNTS.
    may be adjudicated by those officers agreeably to C> CartsinANK, Georgetown,
    law, in due time, prior to the day appointed for the LEwis JOHNSON, Washington.

    commencement ot the public sale; and all claims
    not duly made known and paid for pri' r to the
    data aforesaid, are declared by law to be forfeited.
    Commisiioner of the General Land Office.
    Jan 23-wts
    N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
    REN, President of the United States of Ameri-
    ca, do hereby declare and make known that
    public sales will be held at the undermentioned
    land offices, in the State of Illinois, at the periods
    hereinafter designated, to wit:
    At the land office at Chicago, commencing on
    Monday, the fourth day of May next, for the dis-
    posal of the public lands within the limits of the
    undermentioned townships and fractional town-
    ships, viz:
    .North of the base line and east of the third principal
    Townships forty-four and forty-six, of range
    The fractional part of township thirty-two, ly-
    ing north of the old Indian boundary and east of
    Kankakee river, and townships forty-two and
    forty-six, of range nine.
    Township thirty-four, of range thirteen.
    The fractional township thirty-five, bordering on
    the Indiana State line, of range fifteen.
    Also, at the same time and place, for the sale of
    the following detached tract%, viz:
    Northwest quarter of section eighteen, northeast
    quarter of section twenty-three, east half of south-
    east quarter of section twenty-six, east half of
    northeast quarter of section twenty-seven, and
    northeast quarter of section thirty-four, in town-
    ship thirty-six, of range eleven.
    Southwest quarter of section thirty-four, in
    township thirty-seven, of range fourteen.
    At the land office at Danville, commencing on
    Monday, the eleventh day of May next, for the
    disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
    undermentioned townships, to wit:
    North of the base line and east of the third principal
    Townships twenty-six, twenty-seven, and twenty-
    eight, except the western tier, or sections six, se-
    yen, eighteen, nineteen, thirty, and thirty-one, in
    each township, of range sewvn.
    At the land office at Galena, commencing on
    Monday, the eighteenth day of May next, lor the
    disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
    townships and fractional townships hereinafter de-
    signated, viz:
    .North of the base line and east of the fourth principal
    Fractional township twenty-three, except the
    north halves of sections one and two, of range
    Frac!ional township twenty-three, except the
    north halves of sections one to six, both inclusive,
    of range four.
    Township twenty-one, except the north frac-
    tional half of section five, tie south half of section
    twenty-nine, and the north half of section thirty-
    two, of range nine.
    Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
    military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
    The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
    (unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and
    no longer; and no private entries of land in the
    townships so offered will be admitted until after the
    expiration of the two weeks.
    Given under my hand, at the city of Washing-
    ton, this twenty-second day of January, anno
    Domini, 1840. M. VAN BUREN.
    By the President:
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.

    Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
    to any of the lands designated in the above procla-
    ,aiinod, is requested to prove mte seie tu -L ait atis-
    faction of the Register and Receiver of the proper
    land office, and make payment therefore as soon as
    practicable after seeing this notice, in order that the
    claim may be adjudicated by those officers agreea-
    bly to law, in due time, prior to the day appointed
    for the commencement ot the public sale; and all
    claims not duly made known and paid for prior to
    the date aforesaid, are declared by law to be for-
    feited. JAS. WHITCOMB,
    Commissioner of the General Land Office.
    Jan 21l-lawtM 18
    AMERICA-second series---complete in one
    volume, is this day received for sale by F. TAY-
    LOR, price 50 cents, or for circulation among the
    subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Library.
    Jan 17
    L IFE OF JEFFERSON-one volume, of 267
    pages, full bound, with Portrait; price 62
    cents. F. TAYLOR.
    Jan 17
    IN the midst of a general and, in many instances
    not unfounded prejudice against many of the
    medical remedies of the day, Dr. W. EVANS'S
    PILLS have the enviable distinction of a univer-
    sal approbation. They are perhaps the only medi-
    cine publicly advertised that has the full and
    unreserved testimony of medical men in its favor.
    if not the only one which gives full satisfaction to
    its purchasers. DR. W. EVANS has the satis-
    faction of knowing that his
    are not only regularly recommended and prescribed
    by the most experienced physicians in their daily
    practice, but also taken by those gentlemen them-
    selves, whenever they feel the symptoms of those
    diseases in which they well know them to be effi-
    cacious. He knows this to be generally the case
    in New York, Philadelphia, Albany, Boston, and
    other large cities, in which they have an extensive
    sale. That they should thus conquer professional
    prejudice and interested opposition, and secure
    the agency of the most eminent and best informed
    physicians in the country to render them useful to
    all classes, can only be fairly ascribed to their
    undeniable and pre-eminent virtues.
    Letter from the Hon. Abraham M'Clellan, Sullivan
    county, East Tennessee, Member of Congress.
    Washington, July 3d, 1838.
    Sir-Since I have been in this city, I have used
    some of your Dyspeptic medicine with infinite bene-
    fit and satisfaction, and believe it to be a most
    valuable remedy. One of my constituents, Dr. A.
    Garden, of Campbell county, Tennessee, wrote me
    to send him some, which I did, and he has em-
    ployed it very successfully in his practice, and says
    it is invaluable. Mr. Johnson, your agent at this
    place, thinks you would probably like an agent in
    Tennessee. If so, I would recommend Dr. A.
    Garden as a proper person to officiate for the sale
    of your celebrated medicine. Should you commis-
    sion him, he is willing to act for you. You can
    send the medicine by water to the care of Robert
    Bing S{ Sons, Knoxville county, Tennessee, or by
    land to Graham & Houston, Tazewell, East Tenn.
    1 have no doubt but if you had agents in several
    counties in East Tennessee, a great deal of your
    medicine would be sold. I am going to take some
    of it home with me for my own use, and that of
    my friends, and should like to hear from you
    whether you would like an agent at Bluntville,
    Sullivan county, East Tenn. I can get some of the
    merchants to act for you, as I live near there.
    Yours respecfully,
    ABRAHAM M'CLELLAN, of Tennessee. I

    To Dr. Wm. Evans, 100 Chatham st. N. York.
    The following certificate was handed to us by
    Mr. Van Schaick, ol Albany, a highly respectable

    It is stated by eminent medical writers that at
    east one-third of the Children in the United States
    die from teething, and diseases caused thereby.-
    Read the following:
    Dr W. Evens's celebrated Soothing nSyp, for
    Children cutting their teeth.
    This infallible remedy has preserved hundreds
    of children when thought past recovery, from con-
    vulsions. As soon as the syrup is rubbed on the
    gums, the child will recover. This preparation is
    so innocent, so efficacious, and so pleasant, that
    no child will refuse to let its gums be rubbed with
    it. When infants are at the age of four months,
    though there is no appearance of teeth, one bottle
    of Syrup should be used on the gums to open the
    pores. Parents never should be without the Syrup
    in the nursery where there are young children;
    for if a child wakes in the night with a pain in the
    gums, the syrup immediately gives ease by open-
    ing the pores and healing the gums, thereby pre-
    venting Convulsions, Fevers, &c.
    The passage of the teeth through the gums
    produces troublesome and dangerous symptoms.
    It is known by mothers that there is great
    irritation in the mouth and gums during this
    process. The gums swell, the secretion and saliva
    is increased, the child is seized with frequent and
    sudden fits of crying, watching, starting in the
    sleep, and spasms of peculiar parts; the child
    shrieks with extreme violence, and thrusts its fin-
    gers into its mouth. If these precursory symptoms
    are not speedily alleviated, spasmodic convulsions
    universally supervene, and soon cause the dissolu-
    tion of the infant. Mothers who have their little
    babes afflicted with these distressing symptoms,
    should apply Dr. William Evans's celebrated
    Soothing Syrup, which has preserved hundreds of
    infants when thought past recovery, from being
    suddenly attacked with that fatal malady, convul-
    To the agent of Dr. Evans's Soothing Syrup: Sir:
    The great benefit afforded to my suffering infant
    by your Soothing Syrup, in a case of protracted
    and painful dentition, must convince every feeling
    parent how essential an early application of such
    an invaluable medicine is to relieve infant misery
    and torture. My infant, while teething, expe-
    rienced such acute sufferings, that it was attacked
    with convulsions, and my wife and family supposed
    that death would soon release the babe from an-
    guish, till we procured a bottle of your Syrup;
    which, as so )n as applied to the gums, a wonderful
    change was produced, and after a few applications,
    the child displayed obvious relief; and by continu-
    ing in its use, I am glad to inform you the child has
    complete.y recovered, and no recurrence of that
    awful compla nt has since occurred. The teeth art
    emanating daily, and the child enjoys perfect
    health. I give you my cheerful permission to
    make this acknowledgment public, and will gladly
    give any information on this circumstance.
    A gentleman who has made trial of Dr. Evans's
    Soothing Syrup, in his family, (in case of a teeth-
    ing child,) wishes us to state that he found it .et-
    tirely effectual in relieving pain in the gumn, and
    preventing the consequences which sometimes fed
    low. We cheerfully comply with his request.
    [New York Sun.
    We believe it is generally acknowledged by
    those who have tried i, that the Soothing Syrup
    for Children Cutirin Teeth, advertised in another
    column, is a highly useful article for the purposes
    for which it is intended. Highly respectable per-
    sons, at any rate, who have made use of it, do not
    hesitate to give its virtues the sanction of their
    names.-Beston Traveller.
    Observe that the label on each Bottle, Box and
    Package, has the following notice, viz:
    "Entered according to act of Congress, in the
    year 1839, by William Evans, in the Clerk's
    Office of the Southern District Court of New-York.
    C. CRUIKSHANK, Georgetown, D. C.
    LEwis JOHNSON, Washington, D, C.

    Dr. Evans's Soothing and Aperient Pills;
    Dr. Evans's Soothing Syrup, for Teething;
    Dr. Evans's Fever and Ague Pills;
    Together with
    Dr. Hunt's Botamic Pills, and
    Dr. Goode's Female Pills;
    The above invaluable Medicines are sold
    wholesale and retail, at
    100 Chatham Street New York;
    3 South Seventh Street, Philadelphia;
    47 Wall Street, Louisville, Kentucky;
    36 Cornhill Boston, Mass;
    And of the following Agents.
    BELL AND ENTWISTLE, Alexandria, D. C.
    C. HALL, Norfolk.
    E. E. PORTLOCK, Portsmouth.
    JosEPH GILL, Richmond.
    MORTIMER and Mownay, Baltimore.
    JESSE PERtRY, Suffolk.
    JoHN N. BELL, Winchester, Va.
    WILLIAM DOSEzy, Martinsburg, Va.
    EnwARD MCDOWELL, Fredericksburg, Va,
    E. BEaKELET and Co. Harrington, Va.
    J. HARDISTV, Harrisonburg, Va.
    JAMES BaowN, Charlestown, Va.
    C. and E. DUNKUM, Lexington, Va.
    BARRaETT and MclNTIRE, Charlottesville, Va.
    LYMAN, Lynchburg, Va.
    Nov. 14-5m
    PILLS.-The testimony of hundreds of
    Physicians and distinguished individuals, to the
    curative effects of these Pills, in every variety of
    clime in the United States, Texas, and the Cana-
    das; establishes them as the most pleasant and
    efficient medicine ever discovered.
    In addition to their being the most agreeable and
    efficient cathartic that can be used, in Dyspepsia,
    Constipation, Rheumatism, Headache, Worms,
    Inflammation, of the Bnwv-l', Livwr affections,
    Bilious Stomach; Colds; arnd ihe cImmencement of
    Fevers; Sea sickness, &c. their operation ispower-
    fully directed to the glandular system, removing all
    obstructions of the glands wherever situated;
    Scairosities and Scrofulous taints, in their incipient
    forms; and if persevered in, affording all reasona-
    b!e relief in cases of confirmed and neglected
    Taken either a short time before or after expo-
    sure, they render the system less liable to contract
    contagious or epidemic diseases, and should be re-
    sorted to by persons residing in low and marshy
    situations, or when travelling, or exposed to costa
    gion. Also persons attending the sick, who by
    long watching and fatigue, or exposure to the
    effluvia of the sick room, become debilitated, and
    lose their appetite, will find great assistance from
    these Pills, in renovating and purifying the system,
    and restoring the functions to a healthy state.
    Persons debilitated by intense anrd long application
    to business cr study, and those also of sedentary
    habits, will derive great benefit from an occasional
    use of them.
    For that congested and deranged state of the
    system, which occurs in the autumn and commence-
    ment of winter, these Pills are paricularly appli-
    cable, in preventing :heu matism, cough ,congestion
    of the lungs, &c. and have prloigeil many a tlte,
    which otherwise would have beei a sacrifice ts the
    changes of seasons.
    Be particular to inquire for Phelps, and see that
    the proprietor's signature is on the label, but no
    portrait on the Lox Price 371 cinms.
    Proprietor. Hartford, Cnnecitcut.
    For sale by most of the Driggists in the Ditrict
    of Columbia; also, in must of ith towns in the

    United States; where circulars containing partica.
    lar,, and numerous testimonials of the highest
    peciabiitty may be seen.
    Dec 4-d6m