Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Outline of programme
 Financing of programme: Government...
 Financing of programme: Non-government...
 Detail of items in programme: Government...
 Detail of items in programme: Non-government...

Group Title: Eastern Region official document ; no. 2 of 1959
Title: Development programme 1958-62
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073388/00001
 Material Information
Title: Development programme 1958-62
Series Title: Eastern Region official document
Physical Description: 26 p. : ; 25 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Eastern Region (Nigeria)
Publisher: Government Printer
Place of Publication: Enugu
Publication Date: 1959
Subject: Community development -- Nigeria, Eastern   ( lcsh )
Appropriations and expenditures -- Nigeria, Eastern   ( lcsh )
Economic policy -- Nigeria, Eastern   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
General Note: Cover title.
Funding: Official document (Eastern Region, Nigeria) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073388
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: African Studies Collections in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 43130108

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page 1
    Outline of programme
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Financing of programme: Government sector
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Financing of programme: Non-government sector
        Page 10
    Detail of items in programme: Government sector
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Detail of items in programme: Non-government sector
        Page 25
        Page 26
Full Text

7 *>i .



Development Programme


Eastern Regio: Official Document No. 2 of 1959







Paragraphs and Table Nos.
1 to 4 ... ...
5 to 7 ...

... Earlier Development Plans.
... Period covered by Present Programme.

8 and Table I ... ... General Outline of the Programme.
9 to 11 ... ... ... Relation of Development Programme to other Expendi-
ture of Government.
12 and 13 ... ... ... Elements of Development Programme outside Govern-
ment Sector.

14 to 16 and Table II ... Proportion of Programme to be financed during 1958-59
under existing Budgetary System.
17 and Table III ... ... Balance to be financed under Capital Budget in 1959-62.
18 to 20 and Table IV ... Division of "Balance to be financed" between Colonial
Development and Welfare schemes and new schemes.
21 to 29 and Table V ... Sources of Finance for Capital Budget, 1959-62.

30 and 31 ... ... ... Amount and timing of Eastern Region Marketing
Board Grants.

32 ... ... ... Premier's Office (Government Information Services).
33 to 50 ... ... ... Ministry of Agriculture.
51 to 60 ... ... ... Ministry of Commerce.
61 and 62 ... ... ... Ministry of Education
63 and 64 ... ... ... Building Society (Ministry of Finance).
65 to 68 ... ... ... Ministry of Health.
69 to 72 ... ... ... Community Development (Ministry of Internal Affairs).
73 and 74 ... ... ... Ministry of Local Government.
75 to 77 ... ... ... Ministry of Town Planning.
78 to 106 ... ... ... Ministry of Works.

107 to 109 ... ... ... The University of Nigeria.
110 ... ... ...... Eastern Region Development Corporation.

This Development Programme of the Eastern Region for the four-year period
Ist April, 1958, to 31st March, 1962 is published to inform the House of Assembly andthe
public of Government's broad intentions for development over this period, which are
worked out in greater detail in the Capital Budget to be presented as part of the Budget
for 1959-60.
2. Development planning in Nigeria began in 1945 when the Secretary of State
called for development proposals for the next ten years if the necessary funds were
provided under the Colonial Development and Welfare Acts. This resulted in the well-
known "Ten Years Plan of Development and Welfare" which was laid before the then
Legislative Council as Sessional Paper No. 24 of 1945. The Plan came into effect on
1st April, 1946, and was to expire on the 31st March, 1956. But planning for so long a
period as ten years proved unrealistic. The plan was, therefore, cut into two, and a
revised plan introduced for 1951-56.
3. Both the original and the revised Plans covered Nigeria as a whole; but with the
promulgation of a new Constitution in October, 1954, the revised Plan became regionalised.
In view of this, although the 1951-56 Plan was proposed to end on the 31st March, 1956,
the Secretary of State agreed to a suggestion to cut it short after the 1954-55 fiscal year
and to fix the next planning period from 1st April, 1955, to 31st March, 1960, provided
the outstanding allocations were carried over to the new period.
4. On this understanding the Eastern Region prepared a Development Plan covering
the period IstApril, 1955, to 31st March, 1960, and envisaging a total Capital Expenditure
of about 21 million. A number of schemes extracted from this Plan received the
approval of the Secretary of State to attract grants under the Colonial Development and
Welfare arrangements; these elements, which have constituted the Region's Colonial
Development and Welfare Development Plan, comprised the following schemes, which
total nearly 5,000,000:-

Agriculture (D.2931) ... ... ... ... ... 156,450
Agriculture (R. 961) ... .... ... ... 22,200
Education (D.3099) ... ... ... ... 527,770
Fisheries (D.2897) ... ... ... ... ... 94,850
Forestry (D.2796) ... .. ... .. ... 25,000
Leprosy Control (D.3045) ... ... ... ... 87,000
Leprosy Research (R. 910) ... ... ... ... 2,895
Medical and Health (D.2708) ... ... ... ... 715,000
Roads and Bridges (D.2695) ... ... ... ... 1,295,200
Rural Water Supplies (D.2705) ... ... ... ... 1,750,000
Veterinary (D.2696) ... ... ... ... ... 199,999


In addition to steady progress on these schemes within the Colonial Development and
Welfare Plan, appreciable sums have been found within the annual Budgets for other
development work, notably road improvement. But owing to financial stringency it
has not been possible to see far enough ahead to set out a definite Programme for such
work. The somewhat sounder basis on which the Regional finances have been placed
by the Raisman Report renders possible a new approach to the problem of planning
and the production of a new Programme on a realistic basis.

5. This Programme is drawn up for the period 1958-62, a period which, it will be
noticed, overlaps the previous planning period of 1955-60; this overlap has been decided
on because, with the passage of time, changes in development programmes become
essential and it is not thought practicable to plan much further ahead than two years
in detail and a further two years in outline. Further, the Nigerian Governments have
in discussions in the Loans Advisory Council agreed that the next planning period
should be up to 1962. It is expected that the Development Programme should nor-
mally be revised and reissued every two years, looking either four years or five years
6. The choice of the planning period 1958-62 presents certain difficulties in
presenting the Development Programme, particularly from the point of view of setting
out in a clear and readily understandable form the sources of finance for the Programme.
This arises from the fact that within the period two material changes in the procedure
for financing development will take place:-
(a) during the financial year 1958-59 no separate Capital Budget has been
presented; capital items have been partly included in the regular Budget and
partly provided for in certain appendices to the Estimates, involving in one
case the use of an Advance Account; further, the Regional share of the
Colonial Development and Welfare programme has been met by the technical
device of the Colonial Development and Welfare Regional Constributions
(h) at some time during the period it is likely that Colonial Development and
Welfare funds will cease to be available.
7. While, however, these difficulties complicate the presentation of the method of
financing the plan, which is dealt with in later paragraphs, the first point to consider
is the broad outline of the Programme and its distribution between different sectors
of the economy.
8. The capital expenditure envisaged under the Development Programme is sum-
marised in the following Table:
Agriculture... ... ... ... ... ... 440,000
Fisheries ... ... ... ... ... ... 110,000
Forestry ... ... ... ... .. ... 80,000
Veterinary ... ... ... ... 160,000
Roads and Bridges ... ... ... ... 3,590,000
Inland Waterways (Regional) ... ... ... 100,000
Community Development Bridges, etc. ... 150,000
Rural Water Supplies ... ... ... ... 1,530,000
Urban Water Supplies ... ... ... ... 870,000
Health (including leprosy control and research) 875,000
School Buildings, Special Purposes Grants, etc. 500,000
Local Government:
Loans to Local Government Bodies ... ... 350,000
Loans to Town Planning Authorities ... ... 90,000

TABLE I-continued


Industry and Commerce:
Participations in Industrial and Commercial
Projects ... .. ... ... ... ... 860,000
Regional Co-operative Bank ... ... .. 50,000
Information Services:
Printing Plant and Equipment ... ... ... 100,000
Buildings, etc.:
Development of layouts-General .. .. 200,000
"Independence" Layout-Enugu 50,000
Public Buildings, Legislative, Judicial and
Administrative ... ... ... ... ... 1,380,000
Housingfor Ministers, public officers and mem-
bers of the public service ... ... ... 705,000
Participation in Building Society ... ... 150,000
Staff Housing Scheme ... ... ... ... 20,000
Minor Works ... ... ... ... ... 50,000
Unallocated Reserve:
Reserve ... ... ... ... ... ... 330,000


University of Nigeria ... ... ... ... 3,500,000
General Development:
Eastern Region Development Corporation ... 400,000
----- 3,900,000

GRAND TOTAL ... ... .. ... 16,640,000

*A Scheme of buildings phased over five years has been approved. The present Programme
covers only expenditure to be incurred in the period to 31st March, 1962. The balance of the
scheme, to be included in a future Development Programme, amounts to 422,200.

9. The figures given in the above Table represent the proposed expenditure on
capital items only. To take first the expenditure within the Government's Budgets,
Government's total expenditure over the four years in question will very greatly exceed
the figure of 12,740,000 shown above: the total expenditure of Government over this
period is likely to be over 60,000,000. The greater part of this expenditure will be
devoted to the development of the Region in a broad sense; thus expenditure on Educa-
tion, which will continue to occupy a leading place in the Budget, develops the innate
abilities of our people and will lead to a happier and richer life, and to the ability to
exploit the advantages and natural resources of the country. Similarly, very important
development work is being done and will continue to be done in the field of agriculture;
this development is very largely effected by the employment of Agricultural Officers,
with appropriate supporting staff and assistants, to investigate the best ways of growing
crops in this Region, to demonstrate their use to our farmers, and to follow up with
assistance and advice. This work it is hoped to expand and develop; but this develop-
ment will be reflected mainly in Government's recurrent Budget from year to year.
Similar considerations apply to Medical services.

10. Thus the comparatively small sums shown in the Table in paragraph 8 for
Agriculture and Education do not reflect the relative importance which Government
attaches to these subjects; they reflect rather the nature of the expenditure which is
necessary in these fields.
11. There is, however, one exception to the rule that only capital items are shown
in the Table in paragraph 8. In some cases the existing Colonial Development and
Welfare schemes include provision for an element of recurrent expenditure along with
capital expenditure. Where this is the case, the whole of the expenditure on the relevant
Colonial Development and Welfare scheme is nevertheless included in the Development
Programme, as great accounting difficulties would be caused by an attempt to separate
them. The amounts involved are not sufficiently large to affect the general picture.
12. The manner in which the funds available for each sector of activity are intended
to be employed by the Ministries concerned is set out in the individual Ministry con-
tributions in Section E of this Programme. Further, the Table in paragraph S above
shows clearly that there are certain major items of capital expenditure which, while
they are being made in accordance with Government's general policy, do not form
part of the financial operations of Government itself-that is the expenditure of the
Eastern Regional Marketing Board on the University of Nigeria, and on the work of
the Eastern Region Development Corporation. More particulars concerning these are
given in Section F of this Programme.
13. Before turning to the detailed consideration of these schemes it is necessary
to consider, in Sections C and D, how the Government and non-Government sectors
respectively are to be financed.
14. As was explained in paragraph 6 in the introductory section, the system of
financing capital expenditure during 1958-59 has been different from that to be adopted
in 1959-60 and future years. In the past capital expenditure has been presented in the
main as part of the general estimates of revenue and expenditure, shown as Special or
Extraordinary Expenditure under various Heads of Expenditure, and to some extent
as expenditure out of Funds shown as Appendices to the Estimates. There is nothing
scientifically or inherently wrong in this method of presentation. But in a period of
rapid economic development the need to exercise effective budgetary control over expend-
iture becomes more insistent; and it has, therefore, become fashionable to separate out
the Capital Budget from the Recurrent Budget. This device has the advantage of
simplicity in providing information about the level of expenditure at a glance and making
it quite easy for legislators to study and follow the progress of development and offer
constructive criticisms. Moreover, the new format affords a sound basis of estimating
future requirements and the sources of revenue to meet them.
15. In order that the relationship of the Development Programme to the Capital
Budget may be clear, the following Table shows, for each heading of Table I, the extent
to which expenditure is being incurred during 1958-59 and the sources from which it is
being incurred:-
Class of Expenditure FOLLOWING Total
Regional C.D. Appendix Appendix 1958-59
and W. B. C.
Agriculture ... ... ... 48,770 4,770
Fisheries ... ... ... 31,558 31,558
Forestry .. ... 6,890 6,890
Veterinary ... ... ... 34,870 34,870

Class of Expenditure

TABLE II-continued

Regional C.D. Appendix
and W. B.

Roads ... ....
Inland Waterways ...
Community Development
Projects ... ...
Rural Water Supplies ...
Urban Water Supplies ...
Health (including Leprosy
Control and Research) ..
School Buildings, Special
Purposes Grants, etc...
Local Government:
Loans to Local Government
Loans to Town Planning
Authorities .
Industry and Commerce:
Participations in Industrial and
Commercial Projects ...
Regional Co-operative Bank...
Information Services:
Printing Plant and Equipment
Building, etc.:
Development of Layouts-
General ...
"Independence" Layout-
Enugu ... ...
Public Buildings, Legislative,
Judicial and Administrative
Housing for Ministers, public
officers and members of
the public service ... .
Participation in Building
Society ... ...
Staff Housing Scheme ...
Minor works ... ...

Total ...




- 40;


7,600 513,080
- 30,150

- 37,200

2,597 402,597
- 179,110 179,110

55,600 207,913 263,513

190,190 190,190

-- 104,600 104,600





458,290 1,305,118

- 55,000



S 43,640

104,600 179,110 2,047,118

16. In addition to the expenditures shown above as having been financed out of
various sources during 1958-59, advances have been made out of Appendix J for the
purposes of the programme of road improvements, the advances to be reimbursed out of
loans to be raised. It is now known that the loan from which it is intended to make
this reimbursement will not be raised until after the beginning of the financial year



1959-60: thus though the relevant physical work has been done, for financial purposes
this work will fall to be financed out of the Capital Budget. The sum involved
is estimated at 509,430.
17. With the above explanations, the figures in Table II show how much of the
four-year Development Programme is being financed within the financial year 195S-59,
under the old Budgetary system. Once this has been done, it is possible to calculate
how much remains to be financed during the remaining three years out of the Capital
Budget. This will be clear from the following Table:-

Financed in
s of Expenditure 195S-59
(See Table II)

{ 4,730}
... ... ... ... ... ... 487301

Fisheries... ... .... .
Forestry ... ... ... ......
Veterinary ... .. ......
Roads ... ... ... ... ...
Inland Waterways (Regional) ......
Community Development: Bridges, etc.
Rural Water Supplies ... ...... ...
Urban Water Supplies ... ... ...
Health (including Leprosy Control and Research) ...
School Buildings, Special Purposes Grants, etc ...
Local Government:
Loans to Local Government Bodies ......
Loans to Town Planning Authorities ......
Industry and Commerce:
Participations in Industrial and Commercial Projects
Regional Co-operative Bank ... ...
Information Services:
Printing Plant and Equipment ... ...
Buildings, etc.:
Development of Layouts-General ... ...
"Independence" Layout-Enugu ... ...
Public Buildings, Legislative, Judicial and Administra-
Housing for Ministers, public officers and members
of the public service ......
Participation in Building Society ... ...
Staff Housing Scheme ... ... ... ...
Minor Works ... ... ...... ...
Unallocated Reserve ... ... ...




to be


513,080 3,076,920 *
30,150 69,850
37,200 112,800

402,597 1,127,403
179,110 690,890

263,513 611,487

190,190 309,810

104,600 245,400
- 90,000

55,000 805,000
-- 50,000


31,580 168,420

69,640 1,310,360



2,047,118 10,692,SS2

* See explanation in paragraph 16 (Page 5).
t A scheme of buildings phased over five years has been approved. The present
Programme covers only expenditure to be incurred in the three years to 31st March.
1962. The balance of the scheme, to be included in a future development programme,
amounts to 422,200.



18. The figures in Table III under the heading "Balance to be financed" include
two rather different elements: first, the balance of the original Colonial Development
and Welfare Plan; and secondly the new projects and programmes which as a result of
the improved financial position it is now possible to bring forward. These included
some elements from the original draft Development Plan for 1955-60 (see paragraph 4
above) and other elements the need for which has subsequently been demonstrated.

19. It is convenient to show these two elements separately because the original
Colonial Development and Welfare Plan has obviously got to be completed, and unless
it is completed on substantially the lines approved by the Secretary of State, the grants
from the United Kingdom Government will not be forthcoming. It is not, therefore, a
practical proposition to transfer any of the resources from these particular items to other

20. Accordingly the division of the "Balance to be financed" between Colonial
Development and Welfare schemes and new schemes is set out in Table IV.


Class of Expenditure

Fisheries ...
Forestry ...
Veterinary ...

Balance to
be financed
(see Table III)

... ... ... ... 386,500
... ... ... ... 78,442
... ... ... ... 73,110
... ... ... 125,130

Roads ... ... ... ... ... 3,076,920
Inland Waterways... ... ... ... 69,850
Community Development Bridges, etc. 112,800

Rural Water Supplies ...
Urban Water Supplies ...

Health (including Leprosy Control and
Research) ... ...
School Buildings, Special Purposes
Grants, etc. ... ...

Local Government:
Loans to Local Government Bodies
Loans to Town Planning Authorities

Industry and Commerce:
Participations in industrial and commercial
projects ... ... ......
Regional Co-operative Bank ...

Information Services:
Printing Plant and Equipment ...

... ... 1,127,403
... ... 690,890

731,140 2,345,780*

1,120,080 7,323

611,487 354,559 256,928

309,810 191,570 118,240

... 245,400
... 90,000


... 100,000

- 245,400
- 90,000

- 805,000
- 50,000

- 100,000

C.D. and


C.D. and


TABLE IV-continued

Class of Expenditure

Balance to
be financed
(see Table III)

Building, etc.:
Development of Layouts-General ... 168,420
"Independence" Layout-Enugu. ... 50,000
Public Buildings, Legislative, Judicial and
Administrative ... ... ... ... 1,310,360 t
Housing for Ministers, public officers and
members of the public service ... 661,360
Participation in Building Society ... 150,000
Staff Housing Scheme ... ... ... 20,000
Minor Works ... ... ... ... 50,000
Unallocated Reserve: ... ... ... ... 330,000


C.D. and

C.D. and

- 168,420
- 50,000

1,310,360 t

- 661,360
- 150,000 *
- 20,000
- 50,000
- 330,000

... ... 10,692,882 2,583,OSO 8,109,802

(*) See explanation in paragraph 16 (Page 5).
(t) A scheme of buildings phased over five years has been approved. The present
Programme covers only expenditure to be incurred in the three years to 31st March,
1962. The balance of the scheme, to be included in a future development programme,
amounts to 422,200.

21. The finance required for the Programme from 1st April, 1959, to 31st March,
1962, in so far as it is within the Government sector, is 10,692,882 (see Tables III and
IV above). The sources of finance for this will be as follows:-


Initial Transfers from the following:
Regional Contributions Account ......
Local Government Loans Fund ......
Urban Water Supplies Fund ... ...
Staff Housing Fund ... ...
Education (VAA) Building Fund ... ... ...
Rural Water Supplies: Local Contributions Account
Consolidated Revenue Fund ... ... ...

Sub-total ... ... ...



Contributions from Revenue:
Year 1959-60 ... ... ... ... ... ... 850,000
Year 1960-61 ... .... ... ... ... 575,000
Year 1961-62 ... ... ... ... ... ... 575,000

Sub-total ...

Grants to be receievd under the Colonial Development and
Welfare Schemes ... ... .. ... ... ...



TABLE V-continued
Loans to be raised:
Internal Loan from Federal Government to be raised
April, 1959 ... ... .. ... ... 500,000
Future Loans and Credits ... ... ... ... 2,850,000

Sub-total ... ... .. ... 3,350,000
Miscellaneous Receipts:
Premium Rents on Crown Lands ... ... ... 180,000
Community Development Local Contributions ... 23,000
M miscellaneous ... ... ... ... ... ... 77,000

Sub-total ... ... ... ... 280,000
Repayment of Loans made:
Local Government Loans ... ... ... ... 50,500
Town Planning Loans ... ... ... 20,000
Staff Housing Loans ... ... ... ... ... 2,500

Sub-total ... ... ... ... 73,000


22. The total resources which it is hoped to raise to meet the "Balance to be financed"
of the Programme thus total 10,692,882. The sources of these funds are diverse and
are commented on in more detail in the following paragraphs.
23. The initial transfers result in the main from the closing down, as part of the
change-over to a Capital Budget, of various special funds which have been maintained
as part of the previous system of financing capital development. The balance in the
old funds as at 31st March, 1959, will be paid over into the new Development Fund,
and expenditure on the objects of the old funds will also be met out of the Development
Fund. The transfer from the Consolidated Revenue Fund is the maximum which is
reasonably prudent after taking into account the likely balance on the Fund at the end
of the present financial year. A substantial balance must be left in the Consolidated
Revenue Fund to provide for a working balance and for the equalisation of revenue,
both from month to month within the year, and from year to year in the event of a falling
off in revenue.
24. Some contribution from revenue to the Development Fund is desirable as a matter
of sound finance. The extent to which this source is available is severely restricted by
the revenue resources available to the Region under the Raisman allocation, and the
figures shown are the highest that can be afforded without prejudice to Government's
existing commitments on services such as Education and Health which must be
maintained out of the recurrent Budget.
25. The grants to be received under the Colonial Development and Welfare Programme
represent the United Kingdom Government's share of that part of the current Colonial
Development and Welfare Programme which will remain to be completed after 31st
March, 1959. The Programme as approved by the United Kingdom Government is
due to expire on 31st March, 1960. Since the balance of work remaining to be under-
taken after 31st March, 1959, is expected to be large, it is very probable that the Plan
will not have been completed by 1960. It is hoped that Her Majesty's Government in
the United Kingdom will agree to extend the period for completion of the Plan, so that
the full amount of money originally promised can be used up, though over a longer
period than originally intended. The figures in Table III assume that this approval
will be forthcoming.

26. To a major extent, success in financing the programme must depend on success
in raising internal loans. Arrangements have already been made with the Federal Govern-
ment by which this Government is to receive a share amounting to 500,000, of an
internal loan to be raised by the Federal Government early in the following financial
year 1959-60. It is hoped that this operation will prove successful; and that if so it will
be repeated and further loans made to the Regional Government.
27. In addition there are prospects of borrowing from overseas. These prospects
are uncertain and tantalising; but there are certain institutions which are in principle
ready to make loans (through the Federal Government, as the Constitutional Instru-
ments require) for the purpose of Regional Government development expenditure;
both the United States Government and the International Bank have invited applications
for certain purposes during the last eighteen months though there is no result as vet.
Though the prospects of a particular loan from a given source cannot be clearly specified,
in view of the interest shown by authoritative institutions it is considered justifiable to
include in the Development Programme provision for some assistance from overseas
loan. The implication of this is necessarily that full completion of the programme can
only be achieved if such loans are received; to the extent that they are not received
cutting-back or rephasing may be necessary. Further it is the practice of many leading
institutions to require that projects for which they lend should be included in an approved
development programme of the borrower. It is necessary therefore, if chances of
borrowing are not to be missed to frame the Development Programme on a reasonable
but optimistic estimates of resources that may be available.
28. Certain small miscellaneous receipts of a capital nature fall to be credited to the
Capital Budget rather than to recurrent revenue. These include receipt from the sale of
land and from premium rents (which are in effect the revenue counterpart of expenditure
on development of layouts charged to the Capital Budget); and also certain receipts in
connection with Community Development projects the expenditure for which is met
from the Capital Budget.
29. The item repayment of loans made requires little explanation. With the mercing
in the Development Fund of the former separate Funds shown in the Aopendices,
loans originally made out of those Funds (e.g., to Local Government Bodies and to
Government Officers for the building of houses) will on repayment be credited to the
Development Fund. Similarly loans made out of the Development Fund during the
first year of its existence will begin to give rise to repayments during the second and
third year. These will be credited to the Fund.

30. The Eastern Regional Marketing Board has undertaken to make available the
sum of 5,000,000 by annual instalments of 500,000 over a period of ten years in order
to meet the capital expenditure of construction of the University of Nigeria. The
financial years of the Eastern Regional Marketing Board end on 31st December; and by
the year ended 31st December, 1958, the total amount reserved in the accounts of the
Marketing Board for this purpose was 2,000,000. It is assumed that the Marketing
Board will continue to set aside 500,000 in each of the three remaining years up to and
including 31st December, 1961, making a total of 3,500,000 by 31st March, 1962, with
the balance of 1,500,000 to be received after 31st March, 1962. This balance will of
course be reflected in future Development Programmes.
31. In addition, the Eastern Regional Marketing Board has undertaken to make
available by way of a free grant 500,000 to the Eastern Region Development Corporation
in annual instalments of 100,000. Four of these grants fall within the period covered
by the Programme, and the total of funds from this source is therefore, 400,000.

32. The provision of adequate information is essential if the people of the Region
and the outside world are to be fully informed of the developments taking place in the
Region. In pursuance of this policy, and in accordance with a recent Motion passed by
the House of Assembly, Government has decided to convert the Outlook into a daily
newspaper. In view of the fact that the increasing expansion of Government activities
in the Region requires greater and quicker dissemination of information through this
medium to the people, the Outlook in its present form, appears several days late with news
items which should have reached the people earlier. With the reorganisation now
envisaged it is expected that the paper will permeate into the far reaches of the Region
where other local newspapers cannot get before becoming stale. A sum of 100,000
has been allocated in the present development period for the necessary plant and equip-
ment: certain provision for buildings is also included under the sector Buildings.
33. Government attaches great importance to the development of agriculture in
order to ensure the maximum utilisation of land consonant with the maintenance of soil
fertility; to increase the production of staple foods, not only to meet the requirements of
an increasing population but also to provide for an increase in consumption; and to
maintain and expand the cultivation of export crops. Accordingly, in the present
Development Programme provision has been made for the capital expenditure of 440,000
(inclusive of expenditure on C.D. & W. Schemes) for the prosecution of the projects
outlined below.
(a) Training Facilities: School of Agriculture.-It is proposed fully to develop
the School of Agriculture at Umudike for training of agricultural staff by
supplying further farm buildings, students and staff quarters and all equipment
necessary to make it an efficient teaching establishment. The expansion
of agricultural activities is dependent upon an efficient and well trained staff
and the School of Agriculture is therefore basically essential to the future
agricultural development of the Region. For this purpose 28,550 is provided.
(b) Agricultural Research Station.-The existing land at Umudike for Agricultural
Research is insufficient for the needs of the Research section of the Agriculture
Division. It is therefore proposed to acquire a further 200 acres of land and
to develop it for research into both perennial and annual crops. Extensions
to existing buildings and to essential services are also required particularly
to accommodate the Soils Surveys and Land Use Mapping teams. An
expenditure of 44,000 has been provided.
(c) Extension Work.-Increased productivity can be more quickly achieved if
the results of research and investigation are passed on to the farmer without
delay. Extension work, therefore, will be considerably expanded by providing
for new offices at the Provincial Headquarters. The Abakaliki station will
also become the Livestock Centre. Other steps will include the encourage-
ment of modern methods of farming, adequate supply of improved seeds to
farmers and the dissemination of information on the increased use of fertilisers,
sprays, and dusts against insects through intensified propaganda and the
application of visual aid facilities. 81,58G is provided for this scheme.
(d) Development of Mechanisation.-It is intended to stimulate the development
of small labour saving machines and for the increased use of mechanical
cultivation where they can be easily applied; and to expand the existing work-
shop facilities for repairs and maintenance. The provision for this project
is 40,500.

(e) Rice Drying Equipment.-Progress in the development of rice cultivation
in the Delta area has been most encouraging and is likely to increase steadily.
The adverse effect of extremely damp weather on the products presents a
problem necessitating the drying of rice by mechanical means. It is proposed,
within the development period therefore, to purchase drying equipment and
erect silos to meet the situation. Provision of 6,000 is made.
(f) Permanent Crop Research.-An essential aspect of this project will be research
into export crops: oil palms, cocoa, rubber, coffee, etc. The Eastern Region
is mainly dependent for its revenue on oilpalm produce apart from a consider-
able internal trade in the commodity both for human consumption and
soap making. Research by the West African Institute for Oil Plam Research
and its sub-station at Abak covers the needs of the Region in this respect.
(g) Soil and Land Use Survey.-It is essential that Soil and Land Use surveys
should be carried out to enable the proper development of Agriculture in a
manner most beneficial to the Region. A start in this respect has been made
in the Do-Anambra area of Nsukka Division under a C.D. and W. Scheme,
and it is the intention to extend such a survey to the Bende-Arochuku
area which is considered suitable for the development of cocoa and rice.
Provision of 25,000 is made.
34. Apart from the foregoing projects two Colonial Development and Welfare
Schemes are in operation in regard to Agriculture. The first, No. D. 2931, providing
for buildings for a research and two new agricultural stations, rice development in the
Niger Delta, and soil conservation work, has progressed favourably: work in respect of
the research station at Umudike and the new station at Nekede are likely to be completed
about twelve months ahead of schedule; and although work on the Abobiri Agricultural
Station and sub-stations are slightly behind schedule, it is expected that work will be
completed by March, 1960. The second scheme, No. R. 961, covers a soil and land use
survey of the Do and Anambra rivers drainage basin in Nsukka Division (referred to
above). Although initial work in the recruitment of staff and purchase of equipment has
only just commenced, it is expected that the actual survey will be finished before the
cessation of the C.D. & W. Schemes.
35. In summary, the details of capital expenditure within the Development period
are as follows:

Completion of Tr;
Further Developr
Development of P
Development of
facilities ..
Rice drying equip
Permanent Crops
Soil and Land Us

(h) C.D. & W. Schem
(i) C.D. & W. Schem
Unallocated Resei

aining Facilities: School of Agriculture, etc. 28,550
nent of Umudike Research Station .. .. 44,000
provincial Stations and farms .. .. .. 1,500
Mechanisation and improved workshop
ment .. .. .. .. .. 6,000
: Research and Development .. .. 115,000
e Survey, Bende-Arochuku .. .. .. 25,000
e (No. D. 2931) 1958-62 .. .. .. 75,002
e (No. R. 961) 1958-62 .. .. .. 22,200
rve .. .. 2,248
.. 440,000

36. During the first two years of the programme the primary concern will be the
completion of the C.D. & W. Scheme D. 2897. By the end of March, 1960, the Fisheries
Division will be fully equipped to undertake the active implementation of its experimental
fishing programme designed to promote the adoption of improved fishing methods and to
effect the introduction of suitable powered fishing vessels to the fishing industry.

37. It is proposed to introduce a Fresh Fish Marketing Scheme with the primary
aim of encouraging the abandonment of primitive processing techniques and making
available fresh fish at inland centres of population. The participation of local fishermen
will be encouraged by setting up fish collection points in the villages. This project
involves the establishment of brine chilling tanks, insulated cold rooms and containers
and additional ice plan capacity at Fishing Stations and at Opobo. Expenditure on this
will be approximately 7,000.
38. The Fishculture station at Umunna will be enlarged and facilities provided for
the breeding and rearing of carp. It will also function as a hatchery providing fish fry to
fish pond operators. 8,000 is being provided for this.
39. Concurrent with the enlargement of the Umunna Fishculture station, the
Fisheries Division is endeavouring to develop inland fisheries resources. It is proposed
to expand this work by the construction of inland communal, or institutional, fish-ponds
so sited that they will provide not only an increased supply of fresh water fish but also a
demonstration of constructional methods and fishculture techniques. Expenditure on
this project will amount to 3,000.
40. The successful adoption of modern mechanised fishing methods and power
boats by local fishermen requires that facilities be afforded to them to obtain instruction in
fishing methods, in the use of modern fishing gear, in the care and maintenance of diesel
engines and in the handling of power boats. To this end a Fisheries School will be
established at Jamestown costing 10,000.
41. The balance of some 5,700 is to be devoted to the replacement of vehicles,
winches, electric equipment and marine engines.
42. The total allocation for fisheries development within the present Development
Programme is 110,000 broken down as follows:-

(a) C.D. & W. Fisheries Development Scheme No. D. 2897 .. 76,164
(b) Umunna Fishculture Station Project .. .. 8,000
(c) Fresh Fish Marketing Scheme .. .. .. .. 7,000
(d) Construction of Demonstration Village Fishponds .. .. 3,000
(e) Fisheries School at Jamestown .. .. 10,000
(f) Replacement of Vehicles .. .. .. .. .. .. 3,000
(g) Replacement of Winches, Electric Equipment and Marine
Engines .. .. 2,720
Unallocated Reserve .. .. .. .. .. .. 116

Total .. .. .. .. .. .. 110,000

43. The improvement of the Forest Estate of the Region has in the main been
undertaken under Colonial Development and Welfare Schemes: D. 2270 (1951-56),
and D. 2796 (1955-60). The first scheme achieved its main objective of converting
2,000 acres of grassland into forest plantations. The second coincided with the start
of the large scale forest exploitation and embraced the wider concept of rehabilitating
and improving the exploited forests; it also carried on the work of planting up grasslands
and converting poor secondary forests into plantations on the taungya system. During
the three years ending 31st March, 1959, approximately three square miles of forest
have been rehabilitated, one square mile of grassland has been planted, and one square
mile of secondary bush converted into plantations. In the coming financial year it is
anticipated that 400 acres of grassland will be planted, five square miles of forest enriched
and 100 acres of scrubland converted to plantations.

44. The additional funds proposed to be spent on forest regeneration will provide
for a doubling of previous targets. The areas of direct planting on grassland and poor
secondary forest can immediately be stepped up; the enrichment of exploited forest will,
of course, depend on the area exploited.
45. The Forest Division is almost fully staffed; on the other hand its housing
position is at its lowest ebb: the rather high proportion of funds to be spent on housing
is in order to replace condemned buildings situated in or near the Forest Reserves.
46. The details of expenditure are as follows:-

(a) Existing Colonial Development and Welfare ... ... 14,551
(b) Housing Scheme ... ... ... ... ... ... 30,000
(c) Mechanical Equipment ... ... ... ... ... 3,000
(d) Forest Regeneration ... ... ... ... ... 32,040
(e) Unallocated ... ... ... ... ... ... 409

Total ... ... ... ... .. 80,000

47. The programme for the development of Veterinary Services in the existing
Colonial Development and Welfare Scheme covered:-
(a) The expansion of Veterinary Investigation Centre with the major object
of increasing investigation into livestock production and disease control.
(b) The establishment of mobile investigation unit.
(c) Zebu cattle fattening scheme.
(d) Improvement of quality of Hides and Skins for export market.
(e) Improvement of Veterinary Services generally by provision of additional
drugs and equipment.
(f) The provision of buildings as basic facility for the whole development pro-
48. Considerable work has been done on expansion of Veterinary Investigation
Centre. Some of the buildings have been completed and it is hoped that the rest of the
buildings will be completed by the end of 1955-60. Work has begun on investigation
into livestock production and disease control. Progress is slow owing to shortage of
Veterinary Research Officers. Quarters and offices for the field services have been
completed at Onitsha, Umuahia and Calabar. It is hoped that quarters and offices
proposed for Aba and Port Harcourt will be completed by the end of 1959-60.
49. Trained personnel constitute the most important factor in any scheme of develop-
ment. The shortage of trained staff at all levels had prevented the full implementation
of the programme for the development of Veterinary Services set out in the existing
Colonial Development and Welfare Scheme. In the present Development Programme
the building of a Veterinary School designed for the training of Veterinary Assistants,
very much needed for the implementation of policy of devolution, is proposed. The
funds provided outside the Colonial Development and Welfare Scheme will be utilised
for the building of this school during the period 1960-62.
50. Details of expenditure proposed for the present development period are as

(a) Colonial Development and Welfare Scheme ... ... 124,632
(b) Veterinary School Scheme ... ... ... ... 29,770
(c) Unallocated ... ... ... ... ... ... 5,598

Total ... ... ... ... ... 160,000

51. Although Government attaches great importance to the development of Agricul-
ture inthe Region as a predominant aspect of the Region's economy, itequally recognizes
that to produce a balanced economy a large measure of industrialisation is necessary.
It, therefore, wishes to see industries investigated and developed so that surplus labour
resulting from improved agricultural methods could be absorbed. It also believes that
industrialisation will provide the processes of using increased raw materials which
would result from improved agriculture. In the present development period, therefore,
concentration is being given not only to the fostering of local and small scale industries
but also to research and investigations of a major type. Accordingly, a capital expenditure
of 910,000 has been earmarked for the following projects.
52. Research and Investigations.-It is proposed to build a Regional Laboratory
specially equipped to undertake chemical and allied investigations into indigenous raw
materials, iron ore, coal, etc. The Laboratory and its equipment will cost 15,000.
Part of the operations will include investigations into the technical and economic feasi-
bilities of producing Sanitaryware goods, such as lavatories wash basins, pipes and
fittings; and of salt glaze pipes and fittings. Investigations into these two items will
cost 8,250 and 400 respectively. An earlier investigation of the Lignite Deposits
known to exist in abundance in the Region has been encouraging, and it is proposed
that further investigations and assessment would be undertaken before development,
at a cost of 12,900.
53. Industrial Projects.-Government has accepted the principle that it is in the
best interest of Nigeria as a whole that the Regions should not engage in cut-throat
competition or in futile waste by unnecessary duplication in the setting up of industries.
Accordingly, it has welcomed the opportunity to participate by way of capital constribu-
tion in Nigeria-wide industries, and proposes to make the following investments:

Nigerian Industrial Credit and Investment Company ... 80,000
Nigerian Shipping Line ... ... ... ... ... 40,000
54. Participation in national projects does not debar the Government from seeking
by its own means to attract foreign capital. In this connection it proposes to enter
into partnership with as many overseas and local investors as possible. Accordingly,
it is hoped to set up a development company that will both investigate and operate industrial,
commercial and agricultural projects. Government's contribution towards this company
is 110,000. Also Government has entered into a partnersihp with Williams and
Williams, Limited, to manufacture metal windows: the factory will be sited along the
Aba-Port Harcourt road; and to expedite production provision has been made for a
housing estate and water supply for the Company. Inclusive expenditure on the
scheme by Government will be 112,000.
55. Further, the development of the Lead Zinc Mines at Abakaliki has been handi-
capped by various reasons. It is Government's intention that production from the
Mines should be resumed and expanded, and it has, therefore, earmarked 50,000 as
Capital contribution towards that end. Due to the large deposit of sandstone near
Enugu, Government has had experiments carried out on the production of glass and
encouraged by the successful results so far attained it is proposed to develop the manu-
facture of glass in the Region. Negotiations are also on hand for the development of
Plastics manufacture to produce containers for medical scent and liquids of various kinds.
3,000 has been allocated towards further investigations in the development of both
the Glass and Plastics industries.
56. Government is conscious of the fact that lack of suitable accommodation is
a deterrent to foreign businessmen and industrialists; and it is therefore proposed to
build first-class Hotels in Enugu and Port Harcourt at a cost of 150,000.

57. In addition to the above industries, there are a number of industrial projects
in which.the Government is keenly interested and in which negotiations are either at
an advanced stage or are being pressed on. For these projects it has been proposed to
set aside 270,000 so that full advantage may be taken of any negotiations that mature.
58. Local Handicrafts.-Apart from the major projects listed above Government
also intends to stimulate local handicrafts by expanding the Aba Textile Centre by
providing at a cost of 1,600 finishing machines and boiler installations to improve the
sales appeal of the finished products. Government also proposes to expand at a cost
of 850 the Enugu Handicraft Depot to meet the increased demand for the types of goods
offered and thus stimulate village craftsmanship through an organised outlet for the
products. The operations of the Ekulu Pottery Industry at Enugu will be expanded
at a cost of 5,000. Other expenditure totalling 1,000 is provided as Grants to Rural
59. Co-operative Bank.-An integral part of the work of the Ministry is to encourage
co-operative marketing through Co-operative Societies. Within the development period,
it is proposed to strengthen the export of produce through the co-operative movement by
way of subvention.
60. Details of capital expenditure to meet the above proposals are as follows:-

Regional Laboratory ... ...... .
Special Laboratory Equipment ... ...
Ceramic Development Sanitaryware Research ...
Salt Glaze pipes and fittings ... ...
Eastern Region Lignite Deposits Research ...
Capital Contribution to Nigerian Industrial Credit and
Investment Company ... ......
Capital Contribution to Nigerian Shipping Line ...
Capital Contribution to Development Company ...
Share Capital, Williams and Williams (Nigeria) Ltd.
Housing Estate, Williams and Williams (Nigeria) Ltd.
Water Supply, Williams and Williams (Nigeria) Ltd.
Capital Contribution to Lead Zinc Mines (Abakaliki)
Development of Glass or Plastics Factory ...
Hotels at Port Harcourt and Enugu ......
Contribution to Projects under negotiation ... .
Aba Textile Centre Machines and Boiler installation...
Enugu Handicraft Depot: Extension ......
Ekulu Pottery, Enugu ... ... ...
Grants to Rural Industries ... ...

(t) Co-operative Bank: Produce M


marketing ...

... ... ... (





61. The original Eastern Region Educational Development Plan, 1955-60 (Colonial
Development and Welfare Scheme No. D. 3099), as subsequently modified by the
Eastern Regional Government following the passing of a motion in the House of Assembly
in March, 1958, provided for the following capital expenditure:-

(a) Technical Wings, Government College, Umuahia and Govern-
ment Secondary School, Afikpo ... ... ... ... 127,000

Handicraft Centres (Owerri, Onitsha, Umuahia, Ikot Ekpene,
Afikpo) ... ... ... ... ...
Domestic Science Centres (Owerri, Aba, Port Harcourt, Aba-
kaliki) ...
Technical Institute, Enugu: Buildings and Machinery ... .
Adult Education Centre, Uyo-Buildings .. ... ...
Rural Education Centre, Umuahia-Buildings ......
Building and Equipment Grants to Voluntary Agencies and
Local Government Secondary Schools and Training Institu-
tions ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...





... ... ... 527,770

62. It is expected that all the above schemes will be completed before the end of the
1959-60 financial year and that expenditure will amount to 256,310 in 1958-59 and
126,320 in 1959-60. As these sums will be a charge against the 500,000 (see Table I)
which has been made available under the revised Programme, the amount that will be
available for new capital projects is 117,370. A substantial proportion of this will be
allocated to technical education and to maintaining grants to Local Government
bodies and Voluntary Agencies for the next three years at the 1958-59 level of 12,500,
which was disbursed as "special purposes" grants under Grant-in-Aid Regulation 22.
Details of approved projects in order of priority are summarised as follows:-

(a) Technical Institute, Enugu: Expansion .. ...
(b) Trade Centre, Enugu: Expansion ... ...
(c) Trade Centre, Enugu: Duplication of Fitter/Machinist Course
(d) Separation of T.I. and T.C., Enugu ...... .
(e) W.O.T.C., Aba: Expansion ... ...
(f) Government Secondary Schools, Science Equipment ... .
(g) Government Secondary School, Owerri: Electric Wiring ...
(h) Government Secondary School, Afikpo: Filtration Plant
(i) Queen's School, Enugu: Storage Tank ... ......
(j) Grants to non-Government Secondary Schools and Teacher
Training Institutions ... ... ... ... ... .

Completion of Existing Schemes: 1958-59
Completion of Existing Schemes : 1959-60
Total ...



... 126,320
... ... 500,000

63. The low standard of housing particularly in the urban areas despite building
rules and health regulations concerning overcrowding is due to the extreme pressure on
existing accommodation. It is Government's policy to press on with the creation of new
housing estates in order to improve the standard of housing and to promote the building
of quarters for civil servants in the larger towns where accommodation is insufficient.
Government proposes also to encourage the building of low cost houses for Nigerians
to buy through mortgage spread over a number of years, and hopes to arrange for a
Building Society to operate in the Eastern Region in order to finance the construction of
privately owned houses. The Society will operate on sound commercial basis so as to
make reasonable profits and thus attract further capital.
64. Government's contribution towards the capital of the Society is expected to be
150,000; a substantial portion will be paid in the 1959-60 financial year and the balance
retired within the development period.

65. It is Government's declared policy to bring medical and health facilities to every
part of the Region; and in spite of the tremendous strides in this direction within the last
few years, it is proposed to continue with the expansion and improvement of the Region's
medical and health services within the present development period. The carrying out of
this programme will involve the building of more institutions, expanding the Rural Health
Programme, giving encouragement through Grants to Voluntary Agencies and private
practitioners so that the needs of the rural areas might be served.
66. Accordingly, 875,000 has been allocated for capital expenditure in 195S-62
as follows:

(a) Offices and Quarters in accordance with Devolution Policy .. 26,600
(b) Various Capital Works at Government Institutions .. .. 112,510
(c) Rural Hospital Programme .. .. .. .. .. 65,763
(d) Rural Health Centre Programme (Additional Provision) .. 10000
(e) Capital Works at Joint Hospitals .. .. .. .. 6,000
(f) Capital Grants to Voluntary Agency Hospitals .. .. 15,000
(g) Purchase of Launch (Part Provision) .. .. .. .. 10,000
(h) Grants to Private Medical Practitioners for settlement in rural
areas .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21,000
(i) Completion of C.D. & W. Scheme No. D. 2708, Health Services 520,803
(j) Completion of C.D. & W. Scheme No. D. 3045, Leprosy
Control .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38,774
(k) C.D. & W. Scheme No. R. 910, Leprosy Research .. .. 2,895
(1) Unallocated Provision .. .. .. .. .. .. 45,655

Total .. .. .. .. .. .. 875,000

67. Most of the above projects are self-explanatory, but apart from the C.D. & W.
Schemes which are dealt with in the next paragraph, it seems necessary to add further
explanatory words about some of these projects. The provision of 65,763 for the
Rural Hospital Programme will permit the continuation of the Scheme for the construc-
tion of Hospitals of up to 32 beds in association with Local Government Councils on the
basis of an equal sharing of capital cost of construction. On completion, the hospitals
will remain the property of their localities but there is also provision to expand some of the
hospitals to units of 60 beds after which they become the property of the Government.
Also, as part of Government's programme in the field of preventative medicine, additional
funds have been provided to permit the continuation of the present Rural Health Scheme
under C.D. & W. funds. Five Joint Hospitals are in operation and funds are provided
for further capital expenditure there. Capital Grants to Voluntary Agencies have been
restored, and Grants will also continue to be made to private medical practitioners who
settle in rural areas. A touring launch also serving as a mobile clinic will be provided for
the riverain areas so that they may be brought more fully within reach of modern medical
68. C.D. & W. Schemes.-There are three C.D. & W. Schemes now in operation:
No. D. 2708: Development of Health Service; No. D. 3045: Leprosy Control and No.
R. 910: Leprosy Research. Brief details of these schemes due to end on 31st March,
1960 are as follows:
(a) No. D. 2708. Development of Health Service.-This Scheme comprises the
expansion of Nursing training, Rural Hospitals and Rural Health Sen-ice.
Work on the expansion of training facilities at Government Hospitals at Aba,
Port Harcourt and Calabar and at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital at Umuahia
is nearing completion, as also that on the physical expansion to Government
Hospitals at Degema, Ikot Ekpene, Okigwi, Opobo and Owerri. In connec-
tion with the Rural Health Service work has been completed in the headquar-

ters establishment and in the reorganisation of the service so that the
association of Local Government Councils in the scheme would become more
effective. As noted above further funds will be provided for a continuation
of the scheme after March, 1960.
(b) No. D. 3045: Leprosy Control.-This Scheme aims at completing the Regional
Leprosy Control by the provision of capital grants to Voluntary Agencies
in Ogoja and Calabar Provinces, the establishment of a Rehabilitation
Centre at Oji, the provision of a Launch Service for the riverain areas and by
the development of existing centres. The scheme is generally making
good progress.
(c) No. R. 910: Leprosy Research.-This is a recent scheme designed to provide
funds for Leprosy Research at the Uzuakoli Settlement over a period of
two years ending in March, 1960.

69. A significant part of economic development can be achieved by self-help through
the mobilisation of local effort for community development projects. It is Government's
policy to foster and expand this effort and in recent years all possible steps have been
taken to this effect by giving advice and material help. The latter has never been, and
will not be, more than 50 per cent of the cost of an approved project: in most cases it
has been less. An example of such project is the launching of a Bailey Bridge where
Government contribution is largely cash and the community or its council pays in cash
the cost of the bridge components delivered at site; the community also provides
free labour and free local materials for the abutments and approaches.
70. The decision as to what Government help should be accorded to a particular
community development project depends on the contribution it can make to the over-all
development of the Region, the executive capacity available for its successful completion
and the extent of demonstrable local enthusiasm. In this connection, apart from the
cash contribution, the market value of labour and materials supplied by a community
provides the yardstick for the assessment of Government expenditure: where the supply
is dilatory or insufficient, community labour has no market value. Community develop-
ment funds will, however, not be devoted to schools, orphanages, dispensaries, furniture,
or to individual transport and travelling expenses, or in meeting any part of
the liabilities proper to Local Government Councils; and no grants for the construction
of culverts and bridges will take account of work done on earthwork for the formation
of the road.
71. In the present development period, it is anticipated that total capital expenditure
on community development will be 150,000, to be used as follows:

(a) 26 Bailey Bridges .. .. .. .. .. 85,420
(b) Assistance to Divisional projects .. .. .. 59,070
(c) Miscellaneous Assistance .. .. .. .. 5,510
Total .. .. .. 150,000
72. It is also intended to associate Youth Clubs and similar organizations in rural
community development projects.
73. The wider powers at present conferred on Local Government Councils reflect
the increasingly important part in the development of their areas of authority, which
they are expected to play. It is Government's policy to assist the Councils in the dis-

charge of their responsibilities and for this purpose a Local Government Loans Fund
has been in existence prior to the present development period. Loans from the Fund
are made to assist Local Government Councils with capital works and economic projects
including public utilities and services-e.g., the building of markets, permanent bridges,
health centres, etc. Before approving a loan Government will scrutinise the scheme to
ensure that the project is soundly conceived, that it has been properly costed, and that
adequate executive capacity is available.
74. Between 1955 and 1957, a total of 113,200 loans was granted, and for the
present development period, 380,000 has been earmarked. 104,600 of this amount
has been committed in 1958-59 and the balance (including any amount committed but
not lent in 1958-59) will be loaned during the period 1959-62.

75. Ordered development has been handicapped in the majority of the towns of
this Region by the lack of proper town planning. The consequent danger to public
health has in recent years been accentuated by an increasing demand for plots in the
urban areas. It is Government's policy to tackle this problem by the development of
layouts either by direct action or in co-operation with Planning Authorities which are
already in existence or will be set up.
76. During the present development period, capital expenditure on town planning
will be 200,000, out of which 172,500 will be spent on development of layouts in Aba,
Abakaliki, Degema, Enugu, Ikom, Ikot-Ekpene, Port Harcourt, Onitsha and Umuahia-
Ibeku. The largest single project will be the completion of the Uwani layout, Enugu,
for which 52,000 is allocated. The remaining 27,500 will be used for the acquisition
of land and for the payment of compensation for disturbances where necessary.
77 To assist Town Planning Authorities to discharge their responsibilities more
effectively, 90,000 has been provided for loans to them.

78. It is important to stress that international and inter-regional waterways which
include the waterways linking Brass, Degema, Bonny, Port Harcourt, Opobo and Eket,
the Cross River and the Niger are Federal responsibilities. The Ministry of Works
is continually representing to the Federal Government the unsatisfactory state of the
piers and wharves on these Federal waterways, and so funds for their reconstruction do
not appear in this Programme.
79. Government has set aside 100,000 for Regional Inland Waterways during the
development period; of this amount 30,150 will have been spent by the end of the
financial year 1958-59, leaving 69,850 for the remaining three years 1959-62. With
the funds provided it is proposed to give each County Council in the Degema and Brass
Divisions creek craft so that these Councils can operate creek mails and ferry sen-ices.
80. Government is also proposing to set up a Works organisation specifically for
these creek areas, and in order to make the staff of the Ministry posted in the areas easily
mobile a new W Class launch, three dinghies and two steel pontoons are also being
ordered to supplement Government's fleet of craft for use in creek and riverine areas in
the Region.
81. 10,000 is set aside for piers and wharves on Regional waterways and 500 for
erecting direction beacons on Regional waterways. To enable the Cross River ferries at
Ofereke, Itigidi and Okpoha to be properly maintained a mobile workshop costing 5,000
is to be purchased.


82. Table IV shows that during the next three years 1959-62, L731,140 is available
to complete the Colonial Development and Welfare Programme of road and bridge
construction. As the original plan has been extensively amended a schedule of the project
being undertaken with Colonial Development and Welfare funds is set out below:-



Ahoada-Mbiama. New Road ..

Ututu-two miles west Nkana Bridge.
New Road

Akorkwa-Okigwi. Bridge and bridge

Ikot Okoro Bridge .. .. .. 29,000
Ikot Ekpene-Itu. Tarring and recons- 83,000
Ndeaboh-Awgu Bridge and culverts .. 17,000

Obudu-Wula .. .. .. .. 117,000
Abakaliki-Obubra. Fifteen miles of 96,000
new road and reconstruction of bridges
on remainder.

Ekwuluobia-Amanze Road. Tarring 27,000
and bridges.

Degema-Port Harcourt Road
Ozubulu-Atani. New Road


Work proceeding by contract including
ten large bridges.

88,400 Work proceeding by contract; the actual
bridge at Nkana was constructed with
Regional funds.
57,000 Work proceeds by contract on rebuilding
five bridges and re-aligning approaches.

Contract was readvertised in February, 1959.
Work proceeding by contract.

Contractors are proceeding with the cons-
truction of this bridge.
Work proceeding.
The new road has been completed including
provision of ferry and ferry terminals.
Work proceeds on bridges and ferry crew
Work is proceeding on this project and
26,300 has been provided in addition
from Regional funds.
See remarks below.
Provision is insufficient for both road and
bridges so the community is concentrating
on the former and the Ministry of Works
on the latter.
In process of construction by contractors.
Provision is only sufficient to improve the
worst four miles which lie on the
Abakaliki-Afikpo-Udi boundary inter-
section. Work in progress.

and 30,000

Nsukka-Opi. Tarring .. 12,000
Nyaba Bridge .. .. .. .. 31,000
Four Miles on Agbani-Okposi Road .. 7,310

Itigidi-Ediba Ferry and Ferry Ramps ..

Bende-Umuahia-Alayi Road and re-
construction of bridges.

Port Harcourt-Ogoni-Kono.
and culverts.


Port Harcourt-Elele-Owerri. Rehabili-


45,000 Ramps are being constructed by contractors
as also ferry crew quarters. The ferry
has arrived.
70,000 This project which entailed the reconstruc-
tion of forty miles of road and bridges
thereon has been completed. Besides the
provision shown here 99,000 in addition
was provided by Regional Government.


Work proceeds by contract. The road was
recently tarred with Regional funds.

16,000 Work proceeds on Mile 0-21. Tenders for
bridge at Mile 24 have been invited.



83. It will be seen that 14,000 has been provided for the Degema-Port Harcourt
road costing some 350,000. Government has accordingly decided to reconstruct the
Ahoada-Abua-Degema Hulk road and to provide at Degema Hulk a ferry plying to both
Degema and Abonnema. This is a cheaper and more realistic route which has the
advantage of opening up the hinterland of Abonnema presently served only by Inland
Waterways. The 14,000 will accordingly be used to purchase a ferry.
84. In Table IV also an estimated sum of 2,345,780 is available for other projects
but, as explained in paragraph 16, an estimated 509,430 has already been spent. The
projects in question include the completion of the reconstruction and bituminous sealing
of the Enugu-Awgu, Abakaliki-Afikpo, Afikpo-Okigwi, Umuahia-Abak, Ogwe Railway
Station, Ihiala-Orlu and Nnewi-Ekwulobia Roads, as well as work on the Awka-Orlu-
Owerri and Calabar-Mile 30 Arochuku Roads.
85. It is estimated that to complete these projects and the other road and bridge
projects being financed from Regional funds which include the Port Harcourt-Elele
Trunk Road B rehabilitation, and the tarring and bridges on the Ekwulobia-Amanze
Road, a further 204,400 is required and new money for new projects is therefore only
86. Government intends to reconstruct and seal the following roads with this sum:-
Mileage Estimated Total

Degema Hulk-Ahoada-Oguta. First phase ...
Obubra-Ediba ... ......
Umuahia-Alayi-Ohafia-Arochuku Road ...
Ihube-Amuda (Mballa)-Umunze: Achi ...
Aba-Umuaro-Olokoro Court (Umuahia) ...
lyahe-Ogoja ... ... ... ...
Owerri-Emekuku-Umuahia ......
Obolo-Eha Amufu-Nkalagu ......
Amike-Effium ... .... ...
Asa-Azumini ... ......
Umuna-Owerri ... ......
Eket-Oron ... ....
Orlu-Amigbo-Amaraka ... ...
Ukpo-Aguleri ... ...... ...
Abbaomege-Itigidi ... ......
Abak-Uyo ... ...
Eket-Uyo. First phase ... ...
Anam-Nzam. First phase ...
Imo River Railway Station to main Port Ha
Road ... ... ... ... ...

... 84
... 40
... 40
... 40
... 28
... 28
... 27
... 35
... 19
... 19
... 27
... 18
... 12
... 11
... 10
... 11
... 38
... I1



508 1,346,950

87. The above selection of roads has been based on the following main principles:
firstly, that a road should connect Divisional or Provincial Headquarters; secondly, that
it must be of economic or administrative importance not only to the area immediately
affected but to the Region as a whole; and thirdly, that it should lead to or from important
markets, hospitals or medical centres. The road traffic densities and the population to
be served are also taken into consideration.
88. In addition 240,000 has been allocated for bridges so that a start can be
made on replacing with permanent structures the hundreds of wooden bridges on Trunk
Roads B and other important feeder roads, as well as improving bridge approaches.

89. Finally, as the exact cost of all these projects is not yet known, about 60,000 is
being kept as an unallocated reserve.

90. The projects shown above do not constitute the entire road programme.
Government has had under consideration the question of undertaking the reconstruction
and building of the entire road system of the Region on a large scale and expects to
undertake in addition, as soon as funds can be made available, the following new projects,
which by themselves do not constitute an exhaustive list:-

Mbiama-Yenagoa ... ... ...
Degema Hulk-Ahoada-Oguta. Finalphase
Ndealiche-Adim ... ... ..
Okarki-Oloibiri ... ......
Ikom-Isabang-Obubra... ...
Nine Mile Corner-Olo-Umulokpa-Nkpologu
Okpuala-Okomoko-Igrita ...
Nsukka-Ogurugu ... ... ...
Ogoja-Northern Region Boundary ...
Okpuala-Nguru-Ahiara-Umugeala Owerri (O0
Olo-Owa-Ebenebe-Awka ...
Umuahia-Eme-Okigwi ......
Aba-Utu Etim-Ekpo-Ikwek ...
Eket-Uyo. Final phase ...
Umu Uvo-Eberi-Ogwe ...
Nsukka-Enuguezike-Eteh ...
Mbawsi-Eketa-Omoba-Aba ...
Anam-Nzam. Final phase ...
Achi-Umuabi ... ... ...
Aba-Obohia ... ... ......
Ozubulu-Atani. Final phase
Umuahia-Igwu Bridge. Finalphase
Degema-Buguma ... ...
Joinkrama-Mbiama ... ..
Oso Edda-Nguzu Edda-Ohafia
Abak-Ekparakwa ...
Port Harcourt Link Road .
Nkwerre-Umuduru ... ......
Idemili-Orifite-Ozubulu ......
Ozala-Udi ... ... ......
Eleme-Okrika ... ... .. ... .
Calabar-Ikot Okpora-Arochuku. Final phase
Ntigha-Umuala ... ... ...
Nobi-Adazi ...... ...
Ogoja-Obudu ... ... ... .. ...
Further Bridge Reconstruction ...

Mileage of Final phase ...

Mileage Estimated Total

... 20 360,000
... 260,000
... 26 200,000
... 34 200,000
... 44 200,000
55 200,000
40 150,000
42 150,000
33 150,000
40 140,000
44 120,000
wi) 33 100,000
33 100,000
... 25 80,000
27 80,000
22 60,000
27 60,000
23 60,000
24 60,000
11 30,000
... 17 50,000
9 50,000
10 40,000
... 14 40,000
14 40,000
1 40,000
... 10 30,000
... 10 30,000
7 20,000
4 10,000
... 150,000
6 20,000
6 18,000
... 42 130,000

853 4,648,000
... 252



91. Except for the sum of 7,323 the whole of Government's Capital Expenditure
on Rural Water Supplies falls within the terms of the Colonial Development and Welfare
Scheme, D. 2705. Details of this Scheme are set out in Eastern Region Official Docu-
ment No. 5 of 1958. It was originally hoped that the Scheme would be completed by
the 31st March, 1960, but in the event of failure to complete the Scheme by that date

it is expected that the Secretary of State would consider a request for some extension
of time within which to complete the Scheme. Accordingly, there has been a large
increase in staff.
92. Certain conditions of the original Scheme have now been modified to enable
pumped and piped projects to be undertaken, and this has enabled the Ministry of
Works engineers to carry out surveys during the last few months in respect of the 39
towns and 20 institutions listed for pumped and piped supplies. It is, therefore, expected
that having removed the causes for delay, work on Rural Water Supplies will be proceeding
apace in every division of the Region in 1959-60. By the 31st March, 1959, 200 of the
676 water points will have been completed. The Nsukka town pumped and piped
scheme has been completed, while work proceeds on the Ogidi town scheme.
93. As will be seen by reference to Table IV, an estimated 690,890 has been
provided for future expenditure on Urban Water Supplies. Relatively small amounts
totalling 35,700 are required to complete the present Phase of the Onitsha, Calabar,
Aba, Umuahia and Abakaliki installations. On the other hand, 272,000 is required
for the Port Harcourt installation which, when completed in August, 1960, will provide
2,000,000 gallons of water per day for this rapidly growing port and industrial city.
48,000 is earmarked to extend the Enugu Water Supply Headworks.
94. This leaves about 335,000 for new installations and Government intends
during the next three-year period to utilise 325,000 of this money in providing the first
phase of Urban Water Supply installations for Ikot Ekpene, Owerri, Uyo, Nnewi,
Okrika and Orlu. The balance of 10,000 will be kept as an unallocated reserve.
95. Government proposes to carry out a very large building programme to enable
the policies of Devolution and Integration to be implemented. As funds are not available
for the whole programme, certain projects detailed below will not be constructed until
after 1962 unless Government is successful in negotiating a delayed payment contract
for certain of the large public buildings to be erected. The present programme is
divided into two parts:-

Part A-Public Buildings, Legislative, Judicial and Administrative for which
1,310,360 is available during the period 1959-62; and

Part B-Quarters for which 661,360 is available during the same period.
Part A.-Public Buildings
96. The programme provides for a new Government Centre at Enugu on which will
be sited a new House of Assembly to seat 146 members, which is estimated to cost
260,000; a new House of Chiefs estimated to cost 180,000 (The House of Chiefs
and half of the Ministry block are presently scheduled to be constructed after 1962); and a
new multi-storey building to house all the Ministries estimated to cost 750,000. The
present Ministry Buildings will be used for a variety of purposes including extra accom-
modation for the Judiciary, Statutory Boards and Corporations and the Provincial
Headquarters of the Enugu Province.

97. In the Provinces it is proposed to build twelve Provincial Assembly Halls
which it is estimated will cost 240,000 and which will include offices for the Provincial
Commissioners and staff. In addition, the programme provides for a Composite Office
Block at Port Harcourt costing 77,000 and extensions to offices for provincial staff of
the various Ministries.
98. Provision is also made for extension to certain District Offices and for a start
to be made on a new District Office at Yenagoa for Brass Division.
99. In addition to the above projects, provision is made for a new High Court at
Onitsha and Magistrates Courts and Headquarters at Port Harcourt and Onitsha,
73,000 being set aside for these buildings.
100. 16,000 is provided for new Sub-Treasuries at Umuahia, Arochuku and Abak,
Motor Licensing Offices and the completion of certain Internal Revenue Offices.
101. Provision is also made to complete the Ministry of Works Yard at Uyo and to
provide Works Yards for Annang, Rivers and Owerri/Orlu/Okigwi Provinces. Public
buildings for the Ministries of Agriculture, Education and Health have been included in
the sections dealing with those Ministries.
102. 55,000 is provided for an extention to the Government Press at Enugu and
for new Offices and Quarters in order to expand Government Information Services.
103. Finally, provision has been made for an Institute of Administration for the
training of Government and Local Government Administrative, Executive and Clerical
Staff of all grades.
Part B.-Quarters
104. It is proposed to plan a select residential layout adjacent to the new Government
Centre at Enugu on which will be sited a new Premier's Lodge and houses for eleven
Ministers. The existing Premier's Lodge will become a V.I.P. Rest House and the
existing Ministers' quarters will help to relieve the serious housing shortage for senior
members of the public service. For the same reason, five new Blocks of flats are projected
for Enugu.
105. In the Provinces, residences are planned for twelve Provincial Commissioners,
for a Judge at Umuahia, a Chief Magistrate at Port Harcourt and eight Provincial Secre-
taries; and 34 new quarters are projected for senior Government staff who will be posted
to the Provinces to implement Government's devolution proposals. Similarly, 55 junior
staff quarters are also to be constructed in the Provinces.
106. To enable this very large building programme to be completed during the
next three years, planning and supervisory staff of the Building Division of the Ministry
of Works is being considerably increased so that these projects may be put out to contract
as quickly as possible.

107. Government has acquired approximately 600 acres at Nsukka for the site of
the University of Nigeria. It will be situated in surroundings of great natural beauty,
with rolling grassy hills and cool climate, on a site not far from the main North-South
trunk road between Port Harcourt and Kano. A Planning Authority has been set
up so that expansion can take place in a properly planned manner in the area around
the site. Ample water is available, according to the report of an engineering firm
which has drilled two sample wells, at approximately 600 feet below the surface.
108. A Provisional Council of the University of Nigeria is now being set up. This
Council will receive the funds made available by the Eastern Regional Marketing Board
(as described in paragraph 30) and be responsible for their disbursement. It will be the

responsibility of the Council also to select a Principal-designate of the University, a
Registrar and other staff. Thirdly, the Provisional Council will examine the plans
made so far for the buildings to be constructed, and select an Architect.
109. A firm of Architects has already done a good deal of preparatory work and has
prepared a draft plan of the buildings thought to be suitable for the University. These
plans will be considered in detail by the Provisional Council. The Council will consult
experts to advise on the types of building most suitable for the Faculties and Institutes
to be set up. In the light of this expert advice, the plans will then be amended and an
Agreement drawn up with whatever firm of Architects the Council finally decides to
employ, to prepare detailed working drawings. The work will then be let out to con-
tractors. It is hoped to complete these stages during 1959 and that the construction
of the buildings, starting with quarters for the Principal and staff, may be started in 1959.
If the work can proceed as fast as is at present hoped, the first courses at the University
will start in October, 1960. By the end of the period covered by the Development
Programme (31st March, 1962) it is hoped to have completed the greater part of the main
University buildings.

110. The E.R.D.C. is Government's chief agency for the undertaking of agricultural
enterprises. While the Corporation's Schemes must continue to act as demonstrators of,
and incentives to, better farming methods in the localities in which they exist, it is also
Government's policy that the Corporation should play a major role in the actual produc-
tion of new or export crops. Accordingly, the Corporation is receiving an annual grant
of 100,000 from the Eastern Regional Marketing Board for the next four years to be
utilised in assisting the development of the following projects:

(a) Further development of Obudu Cattle Ranch ... ... 60,000
(b) Further development of Cashew nut Industry ... ... 60,000
(c) 400-acre extension of Ikom Cocoa Estate ... ... 28,000
(d) Further development of Calaro Estate:
(i) Oil Palm from 3,000 to 8,000 acres ... ... 4,000
(ii) Rubber 2,000 acres ... ... ... 46/
(e) New 8,000-acre Oil Palm Estate at Elele (to be developed
between 1959 and 1967): expenditure to end of 1962 ... 111,000

Total ... ... ..... ... 726,000

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs