Daily national intelligencer


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Daily national intelligencer
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Gales & Seaton ( Washington City D.C. )
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oclc - 2260099
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Payable In advance.

BY GREEN A& SCOTT, Auctioneers.
SShop at Auction.-On Friday, the 8th December
next, we shall sell, at 4 o'clock P. M., in front of the pre-
mises, a large three-story brick building, formerly occupied by
Davis A Garrett, and now by Thomas Davis and W. Norris,
and the lot on which it stands, situated in Jackson Alley, in
reservation No. 10. The above.described property is fire-
proof, having iron doors and window shutters.
Terms: Fifteen hundred and fifty dollars cash in hand,
balance in six, twelve, and eighteen months; the purchaser to
give notes for the deferred payments, bearing interest from
day of sale. If the purchaser should fall to comply with the
terms in five days after the sale, the property will be resold,
at the risk and cost of the first purchaser, by advertising three
times in the National Intelligencer previous to such re-sale.
Title indisputable. GREEN A SCOTT,
nov 28-d Auctioneers.
jme The above sale Is postponed until Friday, the
15th instant, same hour. GREEN A SCOTT,
dee 9-d Auctioneers.
By GREEN A SCOTT, Auctioneers.
improved Ground near the Railroad Depot at
a *lli.--:1n Tue-d.ay, the J lti day of January, 1855, I
-l, Ino tfr. t -41 10 -"W -," "' lock P. M., at pub-
^ *- '-i,-. if a.. j( inri '' -f eist' c Ma b,*-
^ sec.ir. .1aslrr, .l'*f .' Columbia,
on the 27th May last, all that part of square numbered 630
which is comprised within the following boundaries, to wit:
Beginning at a point on north D street 78 feet from the south-
west corner of said square, running thence east on said D
street 60 feet; thence north 280 feet nine inches; thence west
60 feet; thence south 280 feet nine inches, to the beginning.
Terms: One-half cash; the residue in three instalments of
six, twelve, and eighteen months, bearing interest, and se-
cured to the satisfaction of the Trustee.
If the terms are not complied with in three days after the
sale, the property will be resold at the risk and expense of the
first purchaser. J. M. CARLISLE, Trustee.
dec 6-d [Union A&Am. Organ] Auti..-nurs.
BY GREEN & SCOTT. Auctioneers.
Property.-By virtue of a deed of trust bearing date
on the 19th day of March, 1852, and recorded in Liber J. A.
S., No. 44, folios 383, Ac., among the land records of Wash-
ington county, in the District of Columbia, the undersigned
will sell on the premises, on Monday, the 6th day of Novem-
ber next, at 5 o'clock P. M., all that piece or parcel of ground,
being parts of Lots numbered 15, 16, and 18, in square num-
bered 264, beginning for the same at a point on the line of
B street south seveaty-three feet eight inches from the north-
east corner of said square; thence running due south one hun-
dred and three feet; thence west eleven feet; thence north
twelve feet; thence west thirteen feet two inches; thence
north ninety-one feet; thence east twenty-four feet two inches,
to the place of beginning, containing two thousand three hun.
dred and thirty-one and one-seventh square feet, more or less,
and improved by a neat and commodious dwelling and out-
houses, situated on B street, Island.
Terms : One-third cash; the remainder in six, twelve, and
eighteen months, with interest, to be secured by deedof trust
on the premises.
Unless the terms are complied with in three days from the
day of sale, the Trustees reserve the right to resell at cost of
the first purchaser.
All conveyances at expense of the purchaser.
oct 4-eodAds GREEN A SCOTT, Auctioneers.
_N The above sale is postponed until Monday, the
20th instant, at 4 o'clock P. M.
nov 7-eodAds GREEN A SCOTT, Auctioneers.
The above sale Is further postponed until Tues-
day, the 5th day of December next, at 4 o'clock P. M.
By order of the Trusties:
nov 21-eodts GREEN A SCOTT, Auctioneers.
_- The above sale is further postponed until Mon-
day, the 18th instant, same hour.
t By order of the Trustees:
Sdec 6-eoads GREEN A SCOTT, Auctioneers.
By GREEN & SCOTT, Auctioneers.
CIHANCERY SALE.-By virtue of a decree of the
S Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, for the coun-
ty of Washington, sitting in equity, passedin a cause between
Terrence Looby's executors and Charles MeGarvey's heirs,
the undersigned, as trustees appointed by said decree, will
sell at public auction on Thursday, the 28th day of December
instant, at 4 o'clock P. M., on the premises, all that part of
Lot number one, (1,) in square west of square number four,
(4,) in the city of Washington, situated on the northwest
corner of K street north and 27th street west, fronting
seventeen (17) feet on K street and seventy-five (75) feet on
27th street, with the two-story brick dwelling and store there-
on; also, one undivided half-part of lot number eleven, (11,)
in the same square, fronting on 27th street sixty feet, and
running back that width with the rear of said lot number 1
forty feet eight inches. This property is the corner imme-
diately west of the Brewery near the K street bridge, over
Rock Creek, in the First Ward.
Terms of sale: One-third cash : residue in 6 and 12 months,
with interest from the day of sale, with the purchaser's notes
or bonds, with security, to be approved by the trustees, with
a reserved lien on the premises. If the terms of sale are not
complied with in three days after the sale the property will
be resold after one weeook's public notice.
deo 5-eo&Ads GREEN A SCOTT, Aucts.
By GREEN & SCOTT, Auctioneers.
RUSTEE'S SALE.-By virtue of two deeds of trust
from George W. Garrett and wife to the subscriber, dated
the 26th May, 1853, and the 27th June, 1854, (and by direc-
tion of Charles Calvert, trustee and executor of Solomon
Drew, the party secured thereby,) the following property will
be sold at auction, in front of the premises, on the eighth day
of January, 1855, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, to wit: Part
of Lot No. 6, in Square No. 459, on the plan of the city of
Washington, beginning for said part at the distance of 58 feet
3 inches from the northeast corner of said LotNo. 6, which is
at the intersection of the south side of Louisiana avenue and
the west side of Sixth street west, and running thence south-
erly at right angles with said avenue 23!eet 9 inches ; thence
southerly, parallel with said 6th street west, 19 feet lj Inches,
to intersect point at the distanceof 46 feet 7j inches west from
said 6th street; thence westerly, at right angles with the last
line, 14 feet 21 inches; thence northerly, at right angles with
the last line, 4 feet; thence to said Louisiana avenue at a
point in the south side thereof distant westerly 18 feet 1 inch
from the point of beginning; and thence easterly, with said
south side of said avenue, 18 feet 1 inch to the place of be-
ginning, containing 673 square feet of ground, and known as"
Lot C on the plan of the heirs of Solomon Drew, with the four-
story new Brick Dwelling House thereon.
Terms : One-fourth cash; and the residue at six, twelve,
and eighteen months, to be secured by the purchaser's bonds,
with interest and surety, and alien on the premises. Deed at
the purchaser's cost.
If the terms should not be complied with within five days
from the sale, the property will be resoTd, after seven days'
public notice, at the risk of the defaulting purchaser.
W. REDIN, Trustee.
dee 5-3taw GREEN A SCOTT, Auctioneers.
BY GREEN A SCOTT, Auctioneers.
T RUSTEE'S SALE.-'By virtue of a deed of trust
from George W. Garrett and wife to the subscriber,
dated the '8th July, 1854, (and by the direction of Messrs.
Simonton A Rittenhouse, the parties secured thereby,) the
following property will be sold at auction in front of the pre-
mises, on the 8th day of January, 1855, at four o'clock in the
afternoon, to wit: Part of lot No. 6, in square No. 459, on
the plan of the city of Washington, beginning for said part
at the distance of 58 feet 3 inches from the northeast corner
of said lot No. 6, which is at the intersection of the south
side of Louisiana avenue and the west side of Sixth street
west, and running thence southerly at right angles with said
avenue 23 feet 9 inches; thence southerly parallel with Sixth
street west 19 feet 1} inches, to intersect a point at the dis-
tance of 46 feet 7-1 inches west from said Sixth street; thence
westerly at right angles with the last line 14 feet 2 inches;
thence northerly at right angles with the last line 4 feet;
thence to said Louisiana avenue at a point in the south side
thereof distant westerly 18 feet 1 inch from the point of begin-
ning; and thence easterly with said south side of said avenue
18 feet 1 inch to the place of beginning: containing 673 square
feet of ground, and known as Lot C on the plan of the heirs
of Solomon Drew, with the four-story new brick dwelling.
house thereon.

Terms: One-fourth cash; and the residue at six, twelve,
and eighteen months, to be secured by the purchaser's bonds,
with interest and surety, and a lien on the premises. Deeds
at the purchaser's cost.
If the terms should not be complied with within five days
from the sale the property will be re-sold, after seven days'
public notice, at the risk of the defaulting purchaser.
W. REDIN, Trustee.
dec 5-3taw GREEN A SCOTT, Auctioneers.
F EATHERS, Feathers, Feathers I-Received this
day eight dozen beautiful Ostrich Tip Feathers. Black,
from $1.50 to $3; colored, from $2 to $3; white from $2.50
to $5. Also, beautiful Bonnet Flowers and Frames, Cloak
Braids, and Plush Trimmings, very cheap. Call at No. 12
Market Space.
dea 13-t B. A. PEACO.


BY GREEN & SCOTT, Auctioneers.
ORSE, Buggy, Mexican Mustang Pony, Har-
ness, Furniture, Stoves, &c. at Auction.-On Sat-
urday, the 16th instant, we shall sell, at 10 o'clock A. M., in
front of our Auction Store--
1 fine family Horse, Buggy, and Harness
1 handsome gray Mustang Pony from Mexico, considered
one of the best riding animals in Washington, suitable for a
lady or gentleman.
Also, a large assortment of Mahogany and other Furniture
A large lot of Ground Pepper, Ginger, and Mustard
20 Stoves; 20,000 Cigars
With a large lot of other articles, which we deem unneces-
sary to enumerate. GREEN & SCOTT,
dec 14-d (Union) Auctioneers.
By.J. C. McGUIRE, Auctioneor.
TRUSTEES' Sale of Patriotic Bank Stock.-On
Friday afternoon, December 15th, at 4 o'clock, at my
Auction Rooms, I shall sell $5,000 Patriotic Bank Stock, in
sums to suit purchasers. Terms cash in current funds. By
order of JNO. A. ENGLISH,
dec 13-d [Union] JAS. C. McGUIRE, Aucts.
BY J. C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
E"XTENSIVE SALE of Copper Cooking Utensils,
Horses, Carryalls, Furniture, &c., by order of
the Orphans' Court.-On Tuesday morning, December 19,
at 10 o'clock, in front of the Auction Rooms, I shall sell the
personal effects of the late A. Favier, comprising-
A very large and complete set of Coppers, consisting of
itmn, Turbot, Rockfish, and Soup Boilers, Saucepans, Basins
Large quuwity of Moulds for Jellies, Negate, Sponge
Cake, Ac.
Forming the most complete set ever offered for sate in the
Also, two excellent Work Horses
Two Carryalls and Harness.
Together with a general assortment of Household and Kitch-
en Furniture.
Terms cash. By order of the administrator.
dec 13-d JAS. C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
By JAS. C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
Property at Auction.-Ou Saturday, January 13,
1855, at 4 o'clock P. M., I shall sell, in front of the premises, by
virtue of a deed of trust from Ira A. Hopkins and wife to the
subscriber, bearing date the 10th of May, 1854, and recorded
in Liber J. A. S., No. 77, folios 441, 442, 443, and 444, one of
the land records of Washington county, in the District of Co-
lumbia, Lots numbered seventeen and eighteen, in square
seven hundred and twenty-five, situated, lying, and being in
the city of Washington, as laid down in the ground plat of
said city, together with the improvements, which are a two-
story cottage frame house and other out-buildings. The
above property is situated on the corner of First street east
and 0 street north, on Capitol Hill, two squares north of the
Capitol grounds.
Terms of sale: One-fourth in cash; balance in six, nine,
and twelve months, the purchaser to give notes for the defer-
red payments, bearing interest from day of sale, secured by a
deed of trust.
If the terms are not complied with in three days ofter the
sale, the Trustee reserves the right to re-sell the property at
the risk and cost of the first purchaser.
dec 12-Stawts J. C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
By J. C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
sylvania avenue and fronting Market Space.-On
Tuesday, December 12th, at 4 o'clock P. M., will bo sold
the two Houses situated on part of Lot l1, Square 380, corner
of Pennsylvania avenue and C street north. The ground
fronts 47 feet on the avenue and runs back to C street north,
having three fronts, one of which is an open space. The lo-
cation offers great advantages for a permanent investment in
real estate in the city of Washington. The house will be sold
separately if desired.
Terms: One-fourth cash; the balance in three equal pay-
ments of six, twelve, and eighteen months, with interest sa-
tisfactorily secured. JAS. C. McGUIRE,
nov 25-d Auctioneer.
_sW The above sale Is postponed to Tuesday, the
19th of December, same hour and place.
dec 12 JAS. C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
By J. C. McGUIRKIE, Auctioneer.
turday morning, December 16th, at 10 o'clock, at the re-
sidence corner of E street north and Tenth street west, (un-
der Masonic Hall,) by virtue of a deed of trust, duly record-
ed, &Ac., I shall sell a lot of.Household and Kitchen Furni-
ture, comprising-
Mahogany case Piano Forte
Do Centre Table, Gilt-frame Mirrors
Do Sofa, Cane-seat Chairs, Rockers
Do Secretary, Bookcase, Lounge
Do and plain Dressing Bureaus, Wardrobes
High and low-post Bedsteads, Tables
Cooking and other Stoves, Ac.
Together with a general assortment of Kitchen Furni-
ture. Terms cash.
E. C. CARRINGTON, Trustee.
dec 12-d JAS. C. McGUIRE, Auction'r.

Collector's Office, December 5, 1854.
OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the list of delinquent
property is in course of preparation, and will be com-
pleted and published on or about the 1st of January, 1855.
All persons interested are earnestly requested to come for-
ward and (by paying) relieve the undersigned from the un-
pleasant duty of enforcing the collection, and themselves from
the onerous additional expense attending an advertisement.
R. J. ROCHE, Collector.
dec 6-dtJanl [LUnion,News,Star]
English Day and Boarding School for young Ladies,
No. 531, in Walnut street, 2d door west of 17th street, Phila-
** Terms and references to be seen at the office of this
paper. sep 28-3m
JL tinues in successful operation at Tyree Springs, Sum.
ner county, twenty-one miles from Nashville, Tennessee, and
offers a thorough mathematical, classical, and scientific course
to students who may enter at any period. For particulars ap-
ply to B. R. JOHNSON, Superintendent,
nov 14-2m Tyree Springs, Sumner county, Tensessee.
Seminary for Young Ladies,
F street, between 12th and 13th, Washington.
HE duties of this Institution commenced Septem-
ber 18, and will continue to the usual time of closing in
July. Parents wishing to enter their children can do so ac-
cording to terms stated in circulars, which may be obtained
either at the Institution or at the principal bookstores.
dec 1-d2w
J MEIERE, Professor of the French, Spanish, and
i German Languages, at Mrs. Kesley's, C street between
4k and 3d street, ot 7-tf
B T. BABBITT'S POTASH, In tin cans of 33*,
12, 7 pound each, assorted; 143 lbs. in a case, warrant
ed equal to any in use, at about the same price as that in
casks, with tull directions for use printed on each can, being
in a much more portable condition for retailing.
Any person desirous to try it will please remit ten dollars
in a letter to my risk, or through some friend in this place,
and I will forward one case as above, 143 lbs. This article
has been in use for the last three years, and gives the best
of satisfaction to all who have met with it.
Also, Super Carbonate Soda Soap Powder, Yeast Powder,
Castile Soap, Cream Tartar, Candles of all kinds, and the best
Saleratus in pound papers, 60 in a case, or other packages.
Nos. 68 and 70 Washington street, New York.
dec 0--3m
WAN IED, by a Szotclh Woman, a Situation to
cook or wash or iron, where they have no objections
to take a child. Good reference given if required. Address
S., at this office, dec 13-d3t
A GINTLEMAN, Wvhose evenings are disengaged,
is desirous of obtaining employment as a copyist, or is
willing to do writing of almost any character.
Communications addressed to box 319, Washington Post
Office, will be attended to. dec 13-3td
BANUM's Autoblography.-The Life of P. T. Bar-
num, written by himself. For sale at
dec 13 Bookstore, near 9th street.
District of Columbia, Washington county, io wit :
I HEREBY CERTIFY that Osborn Jackson, (colored,) of
Washington county, in the said District, has this day
brought before me, the subscriber, a Justice of the Peace in

and for the county aforesaid, as an estray trespassing upon
his enclosures, a dark-roan Horse, about ten years old, about
ten hands high, a&white stripe on the nose, no shoes on; had
on, at the time he came, an old saddle, and is what is com-
monly called a wind sucker. He came to the premises of the
said Japkson on the night of the 9th December, 1854, and
appeared to have been very hard ridden during the night; he
has a sore on the wethers.
Given under my hand this 12th day of December, 1854.
The owner of the above-described Horse Is requested to
come forward, prove property, pay charges, and take him
away. OSBORN JACKSON, (colored,)
Across the upper bridge, Eastern Branch,
on Mr. John Kennedy's farm, near the bridge.

EREMPTORY and unreserved Sale by Auction
of 20 Baskets and Cases of the genuine first
class Champagnes, Wines, Brandies, Liquors, Lique.
res, Pates, Preserves In Tins, &c.-On this (Thursday)
afternoon, the 14th instant, at 4 o'clock, we will sell, at the
StarBuildinge, corner of Pennsylvania avenue and Eleventh
street, a large and choice assortment of the finest Wines,
Brandies, and Preserves, without reserve, including-
Chateaux Lafite, 1848; do. Morgaux and Latour, Barton &
Guestier, and Johnson A Co., Cabriot Creme do Bourny and
Imperial Champagnes, from Mumm & Co.. Ruinart A Co.,
Dinet, Feuvrel & Co., De Brimont, and other houses.
Johanisberg, Stemwein in Bocksbeutel, Hockheimsr, and
other German Wines, from Henkell & Co., and other houses.
Pate de fole gras in one and two pound tins, from Stras-
bourg & Pengord; Truffes Salmon Trout, in 30-11 tins; Truits
Saumonee aux Truffes, in 7-pound tins, and other excellent
Chartreuse Liquere, Noyau, Maraschino, Amontillado, Vino
del Paste, Macharnudo, and other Duff Gordon Sherries.
East India Sercial, Bual and London particular Madeiras,
London Dock Ports of the finest grades.
Chambertin, Beaune, Pommard, Biehebourg, and other fine
Burgundies, Corneau's fine Catawba, Capri Rosso, Isehia
Bianca, Calcutta Curry Powder, Eau Vert, and a great variety
of other Wines and delicacies, and a fine.assortment of Cognac
and Champagne Brandy.
The large portion being in original imported packages, ard
from the first European wine merchants.
Terms at sale. Catalogues ready morning of sale.
This sale presents a valuable opportunity to gentlemen lay-
ing in their winter stock. The Wines will be warranted, and
every parcel sold without reserve.
dee 14-dts DOWNS & HUTCHINSON, Aucts.
BY GREEN A SCOTT. Auctioneers.
TRUSTEE'S SALE of HORSES, Wagon, Carryall
and Gear, Vinegar, Counter and other Scales, &c.
at Auction.-On Thursday, the 14th instant, I shall sell, by
virtue of a deed of trust from Henry G. Murray to the sub-
scriber, and bearing date the 2d day of December, 1854, and
duly recorded among the land records for Washington coun-
ty, in the District of Columbia, in front of Green A Scott's
Auction Store, at 10 o'clock A. M.:
1 excellent work Horse, 1 Spring Wagon
1 Carryall, 2 sets Harness
2 barrels superior Cider Vinegar
1 platform Scale, several counter Scales
With other articles which we deem unnecessary to enu-
Terms: All sums of and under $25, cash; over $25, a cre -
dit of sixty and ninety days, for notes satisfactorily endorsed,
bearing interest. JOHN C. C. HAMILTON, Trustee.
And immediately after the sale of the above, we shall
sell a large assortment of new and second-hand Furniture, 5
barrels fine Monongahola Whiskey, 10 thousand Cigars.
Terms cash. GREEN A SCOTT,
dec 12-d (Union) Auctioneers.
ti .C.crMctGUIRE, Autlloneer.
T RUSTEE'S SALE of Dry Goods and Fancy Ar-
ticles.-On Monday afternoon, December 11, at 3
o'clock, on the first floor of mny auction rooms, I shall sell
without reserve a lot of Dry Goods; comprising--
French and English Cloths and Cassimeres
Fancy embroidered Vest Patterns
Fine red and white Crape Shawls
Long wool and plaid Shawls
Woollen embossed Piano and Table Covers
Brocade Silk IHandkerchicfs, Kid and Buck Gloves
Fur Capes and Robes, Perfumery Boxes
Large lot of Porto Monnaies, Cards of Scissors
Several brass-bound Trunks, lot of Suspenders, Ac.
Terms: $25 and under, cash; over that sum a credit of 30
and 60 days, for notes satisfactorily endorsed, bearing inter-
est. THOS. J. FISHER, Trustee.
dec 8-d [Star] J. C. McGUIRE, Auct.
,'- The above sale will be continued on Thursday
afternoon, December 14, at 3 o'clock, at which time the whole
stock will be disposed of. THOS. J. FISHER, Trustee.
dec 12 JAS. C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
BY J. C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
at Auction.-On Thursday morning, December 14th,
at 10 o'clock, in front of the Auction rooms, I shall sell the
Furniture and Effects of a family declining housekeeping, viz:
Mahogany Hair Spring-seat Sofa
Do Arm and Parlor Chairs
Do Dining and Side Tables
Painted Cane and Wood-seat Chairs
Bedsteads, Bureaus, Wardrobes
Wa'hstands, Toilet Sets
Feather Beds, Hair and Husk Mattresses
Carpets, Oilcloth, Matting
Window Curtains, Shades
Crockery end Glass ware
Superior Cook Stove and Fixtures
Together with a general assortment of housekeeping ar-
ticles. 'Terms cash. JAS. C. McGUIRE,
dec 13-d Auctioneer.
By JAMES C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
EDICAL WORKS and Surgical Instruments
at Public Sale.-On Thursday afternoon, Decem-
ber 14, at 3j o'clock, at my Auction Rooms, I shall aell the
collection of valuable Medical Works and Surgical Instru-
ments belonging to Dr. Warfield, who has declined his pro-
fession, .
The above may be examined the day previous to sale.
Terms cash. JAS. C. McGUIRE,
dec 8-d (Star) Auctioneer.
By JAMES C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
tate.-On Thursday afternoon, December 14th, at 4
o'clock, on the premises, we shall sell Lot No. 7, in Square
127, fronting 46 feet on north H street, between 17th and
18th streets west, and running back 145 feet to a 30-feet alley.
This lot is beautifully situated, immediately opposite the
residence of Hon. I. Fish, and is very desirable for a first-
class residence.
Immediately after the above, and at the same place, we
shall sell Lot No. 8, in Square No. 702, fronting 31 feet
2 inches on South Capitol street, between N and 0 streets,
running back 175 feet 8 inches.
Terms: One-third cash; the residue in 6 and 12 months,
for notes bearing interest and secured by a deed of trust on
the premises. GEORGE McNEILL,
dec 6 JAS. C. McGUIIRE, Auct.
By GREEN A SCOTT, Auctioneers.
L Lots near the Railroad Depot at Auction.-On
Thursday, the 14th September, 1854, I shall sell, at 5 o'clock
P. M., on the premises, by virtue of a deed of trust from
Elias Yulee and wife to the subscriber, and recorded in Liber
J. A. S., No. 56, fiolios 262, 268, and 264, one of the land re-
cords for Washington county, in the District of Columbia, the
following described property, lying and being in the city of
Washington, situated in square No. 630, (six hundred and
thirty,) and beginning at a point on New Jersey avenue one
hundred and sixty feet, (160,) from the northwest corner of
said square 630, and running northward on New Jersey ave-
nue sixty feet, (60,) to a twenty-feet lot, occupied by Ryne;
thence at right angles to New Jersey avenue eastwardly one
hundred and seventy-two feet (172) six inches, more or less,
to the southeast corner of Ryno's lot; thence north fifteen
feet, (15;) thence westwardly along the northern line of
Ryne's lot to New Jersey avenue and the northwest corner of
Ryne's lot; thence northward on New Jersey avenue to the
northwest corner of said square 630 eighty feet, (80 ;) thence
east on E street north three hundred and fifty-four feet five
inches, (354 feet 5 inches;) thence south one hundred and
twenty-five feet, (125;) thence west two hundred feet, (200;)
thence westwardly one hundred and fifteen feet, (115,) to the
place of beginning, and containing forty thousand eight hun-
dred feet, (40,800,) more or less.
The plat of the ground will be exhibited and the terms
made known on the day of sale.
aug 15-codAds Auctioneers.
ya~ The above sale Is further postponed ustil Thurs.
day, the 14th day of December, same hour. By order of the
dec 1-2awAds Auctioneers.
By GREEN & SCOTT, Auctioneers.
rFRUSTIfE'S SALE of Brick House and Lot at
j. Auction.-On Thursday, the 14th day of December next,
I shall proceed to sell, at public auction, at 4 o'clock P. M.,
by virtue of a deed of trust from William D. Aeken to the
subscriber, bearing date the llth day of August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-three, and recorded in Liber J. A. S., No.
66, folios from 147 to 150, one of the land records for Wash-
ington county, in the District of Columbia, all that piece or
parcel of ground situate and being part Lot No. 17, in square
No. 374, having a front on north I street, between 9th and
10th streets west, of thirty-three feet four inches, (33 feet 4
inches,) running back the same width one hundred and five
feet, (105,) with the improvements erected thereon, which arce

a brick dwelling-house, Ac.
Terms: One-third cash; the balance in six, twelve, and
eighteen months; the purchaser to give notes for the deferred
payments, bearing interest from day of sale. A deed given
and a deed of trust taken. All conveyancing at the cost of the
purchaser. If the purchaser should fail to comply with the
terms in five days from day of sale, the Trustee reserves the
right to resell, at the risk and cost of the first purchaser, by
giving notice of such resale three times in the National In-
telligencer. HENRY NAYLOR, Trustee.
nov 14-2awAds GREEN A SCOTT, Auctioneers.
OTICE.-The power of attorney heretofore given by
me to James Towles has been fully revoked, and is
hereby revoked. The deed of trust under which he has ad-
vertised my property for sale has been fully satisfied, and I
hereby forewarn all persoaun frIom purchasing under it.
o 29- Y V. A.VXW.


TH CITYr TAXEs.-Lest our reference yesterday to the
proceedings of one branch of the City Councils might
induce property-holders to defer the payment of their
taxes, we deem it proper to say that it is yet possible
for the City Collector to have the annual advertisement of
the sale of the property of delinquents ready by the first
of January, and that he contemplates doing so unless the
time should be extended by an act of the City Councils.
Tax-payers will do well, therefore, to discharge their
respective dues, and not anticipate a contingency which
may not occur. For the "condition of the tax-books,"
assigned as the cause for postponing the publication of
delinquents, the City Collector is in no way responsible,
as he has no control over those books until they are
placed in his hands to enable him to collect the assess-
ments. He has had them in his possession for some days
past and is now proceeding with his duties.

THE DTING GLADIATOR.-It may be mentioned as an
evidence of its appreciation as a work of art that the
City Councils have remitted the tax upon the exhibition
of the fine statue now at Morrison's Building on 4J street.

During this short session comparatively few members
of Congress or others have brought their families to
Washington. The consequence is that houses and apart-
ments for rent are more plentiful than usual. Would
that it were more convenient than it is for members to
bring their families with them at every session. Such a
presence would be agreeable and profitable-socially we
mean, of course, dear reader-to our citizens; and, to
say truth, it might exercise a most wholesome and re-
straining influence over the great men of the nation
themselves. "Franking" the families of our national
legislators to and from the capital is far from an unwise
or extravagant thought. If they would adopt the custom
of making their abodes here during their official term,
houses and all other conveniences would be provided;
and yet we are often told by members that if houses and
all required comforts could be found they would come.
Both parties being thus willing, we trust that both may
soon be prepared to act. Small and neat establishments
should be determined upon as the true style, and social
intercourse should be deprived of every appearance of
costly ostentation.-Globe.

A ride in the omnibus to Georgetown and back, on
these pleasant days, is the cheapest luxury of which we
have any knowledge-costing only twelve-and-a-half
cents, and often bringing scenes and incidents to view
worth twice the sum paid. For instance, as a very poor
but neat-looking old man was about to leave the 'bus be-
yond the War Department this morning, a beautiful boy,
who could not be more than ten years old, evidently made
it a point to leave it at the same time ; and, with a delicacy
and adroitness few older persons could have practiced,
pressed the old man's hand gently backward and paid
the fare of both. It was a little matter, but we would
ride twice as far on any day to witness so pretty a mani-
festation of natural kindness of heart and courtesy ef de-

Under our obituary head, says the Baltimore American
of December llth, will be found a notice of the demise of
our respected townsman, EDMUND DIDIER, Esq., Presi-
dent of the Mutual Fire and Marine Insurance Company
of Baltimore. Mr. Didier was highly esteemed for his
uniformly kind and courteous deportment, and his sudden
departure from our midst Will be deplored by a large
circle of friends.
DEATH or MAJOn LowD.-We observe the announce-
ment of the death of this gallant officer and estimable
man at St. AlngOiine. Florida. Major (then Captain)
LowD was stationed in this city between 1837 and 1840,
in command of a company of the 2d Artillery, who were
fresh from the Indian wars in Florida. Capt. Lowd was
here with his family for a long time, and formed the ac-
quaintance and gained the friendship and esteem of many
of our citizens. Ho and his command served in the Mexi-
can war. He was breveted for gallantry in one of the
first battles, under Gen. Taylor, on the Rio Grande. He
remained in that line during the war.-Rochester Amer.

po- Washington Literary Lyceum.-The first pub-
lic meeting of the Washington Literary Lyceum will take
place in the east room of Temperance Hall on Thursday even-
ing, December 14th, 1854. Members are particularly re-
quested to be punctual. The public is respectfully invited to
attend. U. CLE'tT. VENABLE, President.
GEORGE KUNKEL.....................MANAGER.
JOIIN T. FORD............................TREASURER.

Thursday, Friday, and Saturday Evenings.
KUNKEL'S OPERA TROUPE will appear on
Thursday Evening, December 14,
For the benefit of the American Rifles.
On Friday Evening,
Benefit of the Anacostia Fire Company.
On Saturday Evening,
Benefit of the Amphion Quartett Band of Washington.
Admission for gentlemen and ladies to the Dress Circle orPar-
quet25 cents; Gentlemen without ladies 371 cents; second
and third tier of boxes 25 cents, nov 17-tf
Or, the Indian and his Country;
(Also showing the Northern Pacific Railroad Route, as recent-
ly surveyed by Governor Stevens,)
Doors open at 68. Exhibition commence at 7J.
Artist and Proprietor.
G street, between 17th and 18th streets; conducted on
the Parisian style, by Monsieur and Madame MARIM.
Its location is of easy access from all parts of the city,
while its high and airy situation renders it especially suited
to the promotion of health by this most agreeable exercise.
The horses are docile and well trained, and are provided with
new and elegant saddles. The proprietors pledge themselves
that ns expense will be spared to make this establishment the
fi'st in the confidence of the public, dec l1-lw
M EMBERS of Congress and other Transients for
the session may obtain pleasant rooms and good Board.
ing at Mrs. MANNING'S, 13th street, between E and F, No.
453. Also, those located in the vicinity can be accommodated
with board by the week or month, dec 13-eo3t
STILL THEY COME.-Opened this day a beautiful as-
sortment of Embroidered and Lace Goods, such as-
Aupassi and French Worked Collars
Sleeves and Habits, sets Sleeves and Collars
Collarets and Habits, Maltese and Platte Lace
Sets Sleeves and Collars, Lace Bands.
Also, Limerick Lace Sleeves and Collars.
Citizens and strangers are particularly requested to call at
the Ladies' Fancy and Trimming Depot, No. 12 Market Space.
dcc 9-3teeRH RUT A. PEACO.
N OTICE.-'Time is Money.-I have just received a
great assortment of Clocks, Watches, and Jewelry.
Clocks from $1.50 to $15; Gold Watches from $25 to $175;
Silver Watches from $8 to $40; all of which will be war-
ranted to give satisfaction. Having an experienced hand to
put all our clocks in order before selling them, those in want
of a good clock will find it to their advantage to buy from us.
Also on hand, Clock Trimmings of every description, such
as Balls, Keys, Cords, Hands, Weights, Ac.
Our assortment of Gold Jewelry is large, and will be sold
on better terms than similar goods can be bought in Wash-
Also, Silver Butter and Fruit Knives, Cake Baskets, Albata

Ware, and many other goods for Christmas presents.
At the Clock, Watch, and Jewelry Store of
dec 7-I1m (Star) 349, opposite Brown's Hotel.
B A K E R' S CHOCOLATI'E.-The undersigned, sole
Agent for the District of Columbia, has constantly on
hand all of Walter Baker's Preparations, consisting of-
Premium Chocolate, Norfolk do
Single and double Vanilla Chocolate, and Homceo
pathie do
Cocoa, Cocoa Paste, Cocoa Sticks
Cocoa Shells and Broma
Which he offers to the trade at factory prices.
Corner of High and Water streets, Georgetown.
a; BO 18-Jt .na



To the President of the United States:
Sia: I have the honor to submit the usual annual re-
port of the operations of this Department.
The business of the General Land Office has greatly in-
creased, but has been conducted with vigor and ability.
The surveys of the public lands have progressed ra-
pidly, and the necessary preparations, as far as appropri-
ations will permit, have been made for extending them
into new Territories.
The quantity of land in market has been largely aug-
mented, and every facility given to the hardy pioneers to
secure eligible and permanent homes.
The adoption of the graduation principle introduced
into the land system a novel and important feature, and
stamped it with a character almost entirely new. The
labor on the part of the bureau produced by it is im-
mense, and has involved the office in difficulties that can-
not be easily or effectively surmounted without the fur
their aid of Congress. The law may be so modified as to
preserve its distinctive features, relieve its provisions
from the uncertainty that now attaches to them, and at
the same time more effectually accomplish the grand eb-
ject to be attained. No doubt the intention was to aid
and protect the actual settler, and not promote the
schemes of mere speculators. This being assumed, the
law, according to the plausible construction of the latter,
will be found lamentably defective. It could not have
been enacted to subserve their interests at the expense of
those seeking permanent residences ; and yet, unless it
be more strictly guarded, its provisions more clearly de-
fined, and its objects more fully declared, it is feared such
will be the result.
During the last fiscal year 11,070,935 acres have been
surveyed, and 8,190,017 acres brought into market.
Within the same period there were
sold for cash................................ 7,035,735.07 acres.
Amount received therefore, $9,285,.
Located with military scrip and land
warrants.................................. 3,416,802.26
Swamp lands selectedfor States......11,033,813.53
Selected on donations forroads, &c... 1,751,962.19

Making a total of .................23,238,313.05 acres.
exhibiting an increase of 5,952,240.07 acres over the pre-
vious year of lands sold for cash; and a sensible diminu-
tion in the amount located with scrip and land warrants
and selected for States.
The quantity of land sold during the second and third
quarters of the present year was about 5,436,538 acres,
being an increase of about 3,826,619 acres (in cash of
$3,642,496.44) on that of the corresponding quarters of
the last year. This extraordinary difference is owing to
the remarkable advance in the price of real estate, over
the whole country, and to the operation of the law gradu-
ating the prices of the public lands.
The quantity of land granted to satisfy the warrants
issued to soldiers of all the wars since 1790 amounted to
31,427,612 acres. To satisfy Virginia land warrants
scrip embracing 887,356 acres has already been issued,
and the balance yet required is estimated at about 200,000
In my last annual report donations of public land for
the construction of great leading highways in the new
States were recommended, for reasons therein stated. Al-
though nothing has since transpired to change or modify
the views then entertained and advanced by the Depart-
ment, yet it would be folly to attempt to conceal the fact
that, through the popularity of the scheme, the apparent
prospect of being able to prostitute it to mere purposes
of gain has induced many projects which are totally un-
worthy of public confidence.
It may therefore be difficult, under existing circum-
stances, to discriminate between those worthy of Gov-
ernmental aid and those urged for mere speculative pur-
poses. But if the application proceeds from the Legisla-
ture of the State in which the improvement is contem-
plated, and, upon a thorough examination and rigid
scrutiny, it is found to be promotive of the development
of the country and the enhancement of the value of the
adjacent lands, there can be no reasonable objection to the
By confining it to the land in the vicinity of the pro-
jected thoroughfare, restricting the amount at any time
to be patented to the construction and completion of a
given number of miles of road, and throwing such guards
around the grant as legislative wisdom may devise, there
can be little danger of the donation being improperly
The applications to Congress at its last session contem-
plated the construction of 5,056 miles of road, (exclusive
of the great Pacific railroad and its branches,) and, as-
suming six sections to each mile of road, would have re-
quired in round numbers twenty millions of acres.
In compliance with the urgent solicitations of the rep-
resentatives of the several portions of country where these
contemplated improvements were to be. made, large bo-
dies of land, estimated at about thirty-one millions of
acres, were withdrawn from market in anticipation of the
grants being made; but, this not having been done, the
lands were restored to market immediately after the ad-
journment of Congress.
The withdrawal of lands from market under such cir-
cumstances was found, on examination and reflection,
obnoxious to several objections, viz. its effects in retard-
ing the settlement of the country, its questionable pro-
priety, the difficulty in discriminating between cases in
which it should be done and those in which it should not,
and the injury that might be inflicted upon the section of
country the proposed grant was intended to benefit by
turning the tide of emigration elsewhere. For these and
many other equally obvious reasons it was determined
that there should hereafter be no reservations for such
purposes until grants are actually made by Congress.
The Department would reiterate its recommendation
that officers connected with the survey and sale of the
public lands be prohibited, under severe penalties, from
becoming purchasers.
Such is the general rule in regard to ordinary agents
and auctioneers, and it is essential that it should be ap-
plied here. Experience shows its absolute necessity.
After the passage of the act of 1850, granting the swamp
and overflowed lands to the several States in which they
lie, many of them were entered at the Government land
offices, and now the purchasers claim their patents, and
are equitably entitled to them. It is therefore recom-
mended that, with the concurrence of the respective
States in which the lands are situate, the patents be issued;
and that where the land was sold for cash the money be
paid to the State in which the land lies; and where it
was located with scrip or land warrants the proper State
be authorized to enter the amount of land so located from
the public lands in that State subject to private entry.
As the lands belonged to the respective States from the
date of the act, this will be the most equitable and per-
haps satisfactory manner of settling the difficulty. Some
mode should be speedily devised to relieve the General
Government, the States interested, and innocent purcha-
sers from embarrassment.
It will be necessary again to extend the time for the
completion of the work of the commission to ascertain
and settle the private land claims in California. It ex-
pires on the 4th of March next; and, if the time is extend-
ed, it is desirable it should be done sufficiently early in
the session to enable the Department to advise the com-
missioners to continue their labors. Notwithstanding
the indefatigable exertions of the commissioners, their
labors cannot, with a due regard to the public interests,
be closed within the time allotted.
The whole number of claims presented is 813. Of these
72 were adjudicated by the old board, which was consti-
tuted in September, 1851, and 325 by the new board ap-
pointed in April, 1853. Of the 397 claims thus adjudi-
cated, 294 were confirmed for 736 square leagues of land,
and 103, covering 383 square leagues, rejected. Tran-
scripts have been forwarded to the Attorney General in
295 cases, and duplicate transcripts in 202 cases to the
proper courts, as required by law. The recorded deposi-
tions of witnesses, decisions of the board, original Spanish
documents, translations, and the daily proceedings of the
board cover in all 6,749 pages, equal to about 41,492
folios. It is estimated that there is at least as much

more of this kind of clerical work to be done.
Since the new classification and reorganization of the
Pension bureau it has been conducted with much order
and regularity. There is no unnecessary delay in decid-
ing the applications presented, and every attention is
given them that can be desired.
The fact was before noticed that the pension act of 3d
February, 1853, did not cover the cases of widows of offi-
cers, non-commissioned officers, marines, and mariners
who served in the navy during the Revolutionary war.
Congress at its last session overlooked it; and, as the
omission was clearly accidental, it is proper it should be
again presented for consideration. The widows of sea-
men who die iu service in time of peace are entitled to

pensions, which are withheld from those of officers an
soldiers of the army. There is no reason for this dis-
tinction. It is supposed by some that a fund is raised
for the purpose by the seamen themselves when in ser-
vice; but this is an error. Both stand upon the same
footing and have like claims, the pension being a gratuity
in either case.
Great inequalities exist in the pension laws and in
their operation. The evil is of so absurd a character in
many instances as to be exceedingly annoying and mor.
tifying as well as unjust. Of those that might be ad-
duced, it is presumed that a single one will be sufficient
to attract proper attention to the subject. A seaman, a
marine, and a private soldier of the army may be 'en-
gaged in the same battle, and all alike totally disabled.
The seaman, by existing laws, will receive three dollars,
the marine six dollars, and the soldier eight dollars per
month. The disability and all the attending circum-
stances being the same, there should be no such gross
There has been, within a few years past, a large In-
crease in the aggregate amount of pensions paid, much
of which is owing to the departure from the original de-
sign of the pension policy. The intention of its first
projectors was to relieve the wants of those who, having
served their country faithfully and hazarded their lives
and fortunes for its freedom and happiness, were desti-
tute. Now it has become general, and has been more and
more enlarged every year, until it has grown into a stupen-
dous system. At an early period of our history it was con.
sidered derogatory for any one, however meritorious, to ac-
cept the gratuity even when tendered by the Government,
unless in needy or indigent circumstances. A different
sentiment, however, has now obtained, and the purest,
best, and most honorable of our citizens do not refuse it.
There can be no well-founded objection to this so long
as the law remains as it is. But, considering the small
pittance (often, under existing laws, only one dollar and
fifty cents or two dollars per month) doled out to the in-
digent soldier, his widow, or minor children, it is a ques-
tion worthy of consideration whether humanity does not
demand that the system be so modified as at least to ap-
proximate the principle established by its founders to
increase the amount bestowed upon those whose merits
and circumstances entitle them to aid, and to give to them,
if nothing more, such substantial relief as sound policy
will permit. By adopting such plan, and cutting off all
arrearages of pensions, the great evil of the system may
be remedied.
The Third Auditor of the Treasury executes several
acts of Congress giving half-pay for five years to widows
and orphans of officers of the army. These acts being
of the same general character as others executed by the
Commissioner of Pensions, and the same principles of
construction applying to both, there as a manifest proprie-
ty in conferring the whole powerupon the pension bureau,
and thereby preserving uniformity in the decisions.
A biennial examination of invalid pensioners, to detect
fraud and prevent imposition, was recommended to the
consideration of Congress, but not authorized. It is a
remarkably striking fact that of the large and entire
number on the invalid pension roll, with recently two
honorable exceptions, there appears never to have been
any diminution of the disability, but frequently an In-
crease. Besides, the pension bureau, crippled as it is for
means, has discovered many instances in which palpable
fraud has been perpetrated and gross deception practised.
As the imputation of guilt may fall upon the innocent as
well as the guilty, it does seem proper that authority
should be given the Commissioner of Pensions, on satils-
factory proof of the commission of such offence, to re-
duce the pension where the disability has decreased and
to strike the name of the pensioner from the list where
it has ceased. The Commissioner may safely be clothed
with this power; for, besides subserving the interests of
the public, it will protect from unjust aspersion the hon-
est and worthy pensioner.
The Department would again earnestly recommend a
modification of the act of Congress limiting to two years
prosecutions for perjury and forgery committed in pen-
sion and land warrant cases. Why should the criminal
escape, when the offence, owing to the ingenuity of the
offender, is concealed until the time for his prosecution
has elapsed ? With all possible vigilance this cannot be
avoided. The cunning and duplicity of the persons en-
gaged in the commission of such offences are wonderful;
still many have been detected hibrough'ihbe watchfulness
of the pension bureau. Up to the 30th of Septenmber last
thirty have been indicted; of whom eleven have been
convicted, nine fled and forfeited their recognizances, one
died, one committed suicide, two have eluded the officers,
and six await trial. Others have not been prosecuted
owing to the limitation referred to, and in several aggra-
vated cases the statute has been successfully pleaded.
The pertinacity and success of the pension bureau in
pursuing the offenders have perceptibly diminished the
offence, and with enlarged power it may probably be to-
tally checked. The limitation operates as an incentive,
and is in effect a bounty to the ingenuity and cunning of
the felon.
By examining the reports of the able and efficient chief
of the pension bureau the necessity of a thorough re-
vision of the pension laws will be apparent. Justice to
those entitled to pensions as well as sound policy and
true economy demand it. With a judicious well-arrang-
ed system the Government could diminish the expendi-
ture, give more satisfaction, and do a vast deal more
good than is now practicable.
By the act of Congress approved March 3, 1863, this
Department was authorized to designate three clerks of
the fourth class to act as disbursing clerks, and to allow
each of them two hundred dollars additional for their
services as such. With a view, however, to concentrate
the responsibility and the better to preserve uniformity
in the disbursement of the public money, it was deemed
best to employ but one disbursing clerk, who, with the
aid of two or three assistants of lower grades, should
constitute a financial division of the Department, where
the salaries of all the officers of the Department and its
bureaus and all contingent and other bills should be
paid, and all requisitions drawn for the advance orpayment
of public money. So far the plan has worked admirably
well, and it cannot fail to be highly beneficial. Prior to
the commencement of the last fiscal year (July 1, 18568)
no legers or other books had been kept in the Depart-
ment from which the state of its various appropriations
and the amounts in the hands of agents could be ascer-
tained without resort to those kept by the Treasury.
The proper books were therefore provided and a system
devised to supply this important defect, and now the
balance to the credit of any appropriation can be readily
ascertained, and payments or advances made as the pub-
lic service requires or the means at the command of the
Department will admit.
The adoption of this plan has enabled the Department
[to ascertain and correct what it conceived to be a mis-
chievous practice, viz. the undue accumulation of public
funds in the hands of officers who act as disbursing
On the 31st of March, 1846, there was in the hands of
pension agents alone the sum of.............$1,041,496 79
On the 31st of March, 1846, the sum of.... 681,786 84
On the 31st of March, 1849, the sum of.... 950,918 26
On the 31st of March, 1850, the sum of.... 748,900 37
On the 31st of March, 1863, the sum of.... 948,475 80
As constituting this sum in part the agents had, under
some acts, enough money to meet their estimated demands
for several years, and they were required to pay it into
the Treasury ; which has been done in the adjustment of
their accounts.
During the last fiscal year advances have been made to
pension agents with strict reference to carefully-prepared
estimates of the amounts necessary to meet probable de-
mands upon them; and by this course the amount in their
hands has been reduced from $948,475 80 on the 31st of
March, 1853, to $393,801 20 on the 30th of June last.
No difficulty has existed in procuring agents to pay
pensions; on the contrary, such offices are sought after
with as much eagerness as others; and from the large
amounts it has been heretofore customary for them to
have on hand it is not doubted but that they have been
fully compensated for their services.
The Mexican boundary survey is presumed to have
been recommended in the field, and no doubt was euter-
tained of its completion, under the accomplished officer
at its head, within the time and amount estimated; but
recent intelligence from the commission has reached the

Department which may render a further appropriation ne-
cessary. An appropriation of $10,000 will be required
to complete the maps and drawings of the previous sur-
vey. The whole estimate for this purpose was $20,000;
but, as $10,000 was all that could be economically ex-
pended during the fiscal year, that sum only was asked for.
The boundary line between the United States and the
British provinces in the northwest, as designated in the
convention of June, 1846, deserves attention. That part
especially which separates the Territory of Washington
from the British possessions should be traced and mark-
ed. As the British Government is understood to be ready
to co-operate, there should be no delay on our part.
The Territory of Washington is in process of settlement,
and difficulties have already arisen n regard to the ex-


tent of the rights of the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sound In such a city certain objects of magnitude are to be ac-
companies, and the interests of many of our citizens are complished which are beyond the reach of the citizens
Voting involved in the controversy. As yet not very much alone. Nothing can be lost by exhibiting a generous
value has attached to the country, and it is a question of spirit of liberality, the more especially where important
moment whether it is not the wisest policy to settle these interests of the Government are thereby promoted.
claims at once. They can probably be extinguished for The erection of fire-proof buildings is absolutely neces-
a reasonable consideration; if so, it should be done. scary for the safety and security as well as the convenience
The Patent Office is in excellent condition; and the and accommodation of the State, War, Navy, and Interior
manner in which its affairs are conducted gives universal Departments. No city can be more exposed than this to
satisfaction. Still, the character of the force, as now fire, and none are in possession of fewer means to extin-
authorized by law, is not such as to attain the accom- guish it. When there is such a surplus lying dormant in
plishment of all that could be desired. By adopting a the Treasury, what good reason can be assigned for per-
new arrangement, the result of urgent necessity, the mitting millions of public property to be constantly ex-
Commissioner has dispatched more than the usual posed to imminent danger without an effort to protect it ?
amount of business. Instead of six principal examiners, The rents paid for additional buildings, although large,
with two assistants each, there have been, practically, are trifling in comparison with the irreparable loss that
since the 1st of April last, eleven principal examiners, would accrue from the occurrence of such a calamity. If
each with oue assistant. Thus, instead of the usual to- the money is not thus expended, may it not be applied to
dious delays, most of the work is up to date. purposes of less importance to the American people?
Since the first of January last there have been issued The appropriations made for the present fiscal year for
upward of sixteen hundred patents; and within the year improving and ornamenting the public grounds were too
the number will probably reach nineteen hundred, which small and too limited. With a view to the comfort, health,
will be about double the number issued during the last and beauty of the city, the admirable plan of Mr. Down-
year. The arrangement by which this result has been ing should be rapidly pressed to completion. it is im-
produced was judicious, and has proved Satisfactory to practicable to prosecute it vigorously without additional
all parn ia interested, means. If liberal appropriations were made, as well as
Several amendments to the patent laws were suggested provision for the employment of a skilful and intelligent
last year. Those of most immediate and pressing neces- landscape gardener, all the public grounds might soon be
sity are, provision for taking testimony, appeals, and made to assume a beautiful appearance. The portions
prescribing a new rate of fees. Many questions of great cultivated and improved are certainly very creditable to
importance are frequently pending before the Patent the action and taste of Congress; but the remainder, in
Office, depending for a correct decision upon the testimio- their present condition, are not only offensive to the eye,
ny of witnesses, and there is no power provided of corn- but well calculated to generate disease in the city.
polling them to give it. Nothing is more common than The force employed upon the public grounds should be
for a witness to refuse to attend an examination, or to give differently organized and arranged. There should be a
testimony after he has attended, controlling spirit at the head, who would direct and dis-
The law now allows any person who appeals from the tribute the subordinates and laborers; and the salaries
decision of the Commissioner of Patents to select which of the officers, instead of being paid at the discretion of
of the three judges of the Circuit Court of the District he the Department, should be fixed by law.
chooses before whom to bring his appeal. The Chief The lots in the city belonging to the General Govern-
Justice'of that court will probably never again be able meant are now sold by the Commissioner of Public Build-
to entertain an appeal, so that taking an appeal before ings, and the proceeds expended for the improvement of
him is tantamount to its postponement during the term the streets, nothing going into the Treasury. The pro-
of his natural life; and even after his death there may priety is suggested of selecting such as may be necessary
be some question whether the delay will be at an end. for the public use, and turning over the balance to the
By such an abuse of the law a case has been suspended city authorities to be exclusively devoted by them to the
in this manner for nearly two years, and may be conti- purposes of education. This would relieve the Depart-
niled for an indefinite period, meant from all embarrassment in connexion with them,
The rate of fees was fixed at a time when the real va- prevent private individuals from obtaining them on ex
lue of money was much greater, in proportion to its no- parts statements for a mere trifle, and would benefit a
minal value, than at the present time. The pay of the most worthy class of people.
employs in the office has been much increased by Con- Under the appropriation of fifteen thousand dollars for
gress., and in various other ways its expenses have been completing the Little Falls bridge a contract has been en-
iargely augmented, whilst the fees have remained the tered into for erecting on the stone abutment and piers
same. In addition to this, the force of the bureau has already built two spans of wooden bridge, in length three
been considerably increased in order to dispose of the hundred and twenty feet. The plan adopted is known as
accumulation of business. From all these causes the in- "Howe's Truss," combined with arches, and the structure
evitable consequence has been that during the current is to be capable of sustaining a test-weight or load of one
year the expenses of the office have been continually ex- ton for every foot in length. To make it available for
feeding the revenue; and such will continue to be the travel an inclined timber road-way will be constructed
case until the increase of the revenue shall have been to lead from the river bottom, which is dry at low water,
provided for. up to the road-way of the bridge. This part is liable to
Such a reorganization of the examining corps-as will be carried away by the spring freshets, but can be re-
place all its members on a proper footing is a subject placed at a comparatively small cost. The whole will be
worthy of consideration. The assistant examiners, who completed by the 15th instant. To finish the bridge as
are performing the duties of principal examiners, may originally proposed would, according to the estimate of
ju stly expect at no distant day the compensation attached the engineer in charge, cost seventy-five thousand dollars
to those duties and responsibilities, more. If appropriated, the Department will endeavor to
The Attorney General should be clothed with supervi- expend it judiciously and with frugality.
sory power over the accounts of the marshals, clerks, and The erection of the buildings for the National Hospital
other offieri of the courts of the United States, now pos- for the insane has been prosecuted with great energy and
messed by this Department. It is germane to the other strictly with an eye to utility and economy. It was sup-
powers entrusted to him. A law department should, for posed that before this it would have been ready to receive
many obvious reasons, be constituted. Properly organ- inmates ; but, on reflection, it was concluded best to defer
ized, it would be very advantageous to the other depart- its occupancy until the erection of permanent appendages,
meats of the Government, and at the same time introduce which otherwise must have been temporary, and in the
many radical and salutary reforms in our judicial expen- end far more expensive. The present intention is to re-
diture. ceive the patients of the District-now under the care of
The salaries of most of the judges of the district courts the Maryland Hospital and Mount Hope Institution at
of the United States are inadequate. Their duties are Baltimore-on the first day of January next. It isproba-
arduous and important and constantly increasing. The ble the present edifice will be completely finished and in
professional ability, knowledge, and qualities required readiness for occupation on the 30th of June next. It
for their faithful discharge would ensure a much larger will then accommodate eighty-five patients, with the usual
compensation at the bar. In many of the districts the proportion of officers, attendants, and servants. There
clerks and marshals, who perform comparatively little are now twenty insane persons belonging to the army and
intellectual labor, are far better remunerated for their navy establishments and fifty-three indigent insane in the
services. A respectable support should be given to men Baltimore institutions supported by the Government, and
who cannot, on account of the positions they occupy, en- eleven are detained in the jail in this city; so that it ap-
gage in any other profession or avocation. The preser- pears there are already eighty-four who will be entitled
ovation and perpetuity of our most valued institutions de- to the benefits of this institution according to its original
spend, to a great extent, on the purity, firmness, and in- design. It is conceived that no project can commend it-
dependence of the judiciary, and these qualities should self more favorably to the attention of Congress. To
be nurtured and encouraged, make it a model institution of its kind should be the de-
Much ambiguity exists in the act of 1853 as to the dis- termined effort of the Government. This can be done,
cretionary power of the Secretary of the Interior over the with the aid and experience of the present excellent su-
expenditures of judicial officers and for judicial purpo- perintendent, at a small cost, compared with our other
ses, In several instances judges have presented for al- public buildings and similar structures in many of the
lowaace bills for law-books purchased by them, which States.
were disallowed. The district attorneys have frequently The Penitentiary of the District, although conducted
asked that offices and furniture be provided for them, with care and rigid economy, is considerably in debt. In
which has generally been refused, the rule being to allow 1846 a special appropriation of $11,949 64 was made, in
office sccommodations when, at particular places or in addition to the annual appropriation for its support, and
large cities, the Government is compelled to make provi- to meet, as is supposed, the then existing indebtedness.
sion for the courts by renting buildings and rooms can It proved to be insufficient, however; for, though the
be spared without inconvenience, but not otherwise. In appropriation for the next ensuing year was about double
other cases marshals have exceeded the limit prescribed the ordinary amount provided, an indebtedness is still
by the statute in the purchase of furniture, where the as- reported to have existed on the 31st December, 1847, of
sent of the Secretary of the Interior is made a condition $1,055 15, which continued annually to augment until
precedent to the expenditure, and the Department has the present warden took charge of the institution on the
refused to allow such accounts, on the ground that the 8th June, 1863, when it amounted to about $12,000.
prerequisite approval had not been obtained, and it was Collections and payments have been since made which
doubted whether he then had the power to legalize an act enabled him to reduce this indebtedness to about $7,000,
manifestly illegal. In all such cases it has been contend- which the institution has no means of paying, as no fur-
ed, by intelligent and experienced jurists and lawyers, their collections can be confidently relied upon. Soon
that such allowances are proper, and that the power has after the present warden was appointed he was instruct-
been conferred on the Department, and they feel aggriev- ed to abandon the credit and adopt the cash system,
ed that it is not exercised. Not disposed in the slightest which has thus far had a salutary effect. Hlie is now
degree to wrong men whose opinions are entitled to so anxious that an appropriation should be m ade to enable
much weight, I hope Congress will, in the next appro- him to pay off the indebtedness, for which he is in nowise
priation for the expenses of the United States courts, in- responsible.
dicate their opinion on the point in issue, and relieve it It is necessary to increase the number of guards and
of all doubt in the future, employs about the Penitentiary, as the duties to be dis-
Some time after I entered upon the discharge of my charged are entirely too onerous for those now engaged.
duties I observed that many inquests were held in the In 1849 there were forty convicts incarcerated in it, to
city by the coroner, and found that the sum of $9,800 guard whom there were nine persons, including the mes-
had, within the last four years, been drawn from the trea- senger. In 1863 there were one hundred convicts im-
sury to defray the expenses. Believing these expendi- prisoned and only eight persons to guard them. That an
tures to be unauthorized by law, I sought the advice of additional number is required admits of no doubt.
the Attorney General, who, in an elaborate opinion, hay- In the increase of .salaries to officers and clerks of the
ing concurred with me, all further payments were dis- different Departments, by a late act of Congress, no no-
continued. tice was taken of the chief clerk of this Department,
In June, 1868, on the question being presented on ap- whose duties are as arduous and of as important a cha-
peal, I was of opinion that the clerk of the United States racter as those of the assistant secretaries of the other
courts in this District was, by the 167th paragraph of the Departments. These assistants receive each $3,000 per
act of 1842, obliged, as other clerks, to make a report of annum; he only $2,200. No such invidious distinction
his fees and emoluments, embracing those of the criminal should exist between them. Justly appreciating the va-
court. As a contrary view had been taken by one of his lue of his services, I have no hesitation in recommending
predecessors, I submitted the question to the Attorney the increase of his compensation, and that he be made
General, who, upon a thorough examination, came to the ex officio assistant secretary in the absence of the Secre-
conclusion that such was his duty. From his reports, tary from the Department.
since made, after making large allowance for expenses, Temporary clerks, when necessary, are employed un-
his fees and emoluments in the five years ending the 31st der the act of the 26th of August, 1842, and paid for
of December last were $29,986.48, being an excess of every day of actual service. The act of the 22d of April
$12,486.48 over the maximum allowed by law, which will last requires their compensation to conform to that of
be refunded. There is not even a plausible pretext for regular salaried clerks performing similar duties. A mu-
his being made a solitary exception to a rule applying to dification of these laws is suggested, so that the tempo-
the clerks of all the other United States courts, rary clerks shall hereafter be paid by the folio, or piece,
By existing laws the costs of all criminal complaints as in the Patent Office. This wouldftend to prevent par-
made before the magistrates of this District, whether the tiality, and encourage and reward the expert, industrious,
complaint is sustained or not, are paid by the General and experienced.
Government. This item, for the last fiscal year, amounted Within the year fourteen treaties have been entered
to upwards of $10,600. The power should surely be con- into with the Indian tribes. The most important have
ferred upon the magistrate or court to compel the corn- been concluded with the Omahas, Ottoes, and Missourias;
plalnant to pay the costs in all cases where the magistrate Sacs and Foxes of Missouri; lowas, Kickapoos, Bela-
or court may deem the prosecution unfounded, frivolous, wares, Shawnees, Kaskaskias, and others ; Miamies and
or malicious. This may be the means of preventing the Menomonees. Vigorous efforts have been made, and are
institution of many prosecutions in which the public have still being made, to execute in good faith all the provi-
no interest, sions and stipulations to be performed on the part of the
The judicial expenses of the United States are largely Government, and the Indians seem desirous of strictly
on the increase. To some extent this is natural, and many conforming to their respective engagements. The appro-
causes contribute to it; but some exist which seem to be priations to carry these treaties into complete effect were
unnecessary, and should therefore be removed. A pro- made at so late a period that it was found impracticable
eminent one is believed to be the great number of terms to accomplish all that was designed. In these treaties
and places at which courts are held. the Government adopted a liberal policy towards the In-
Two hundred and twenty-three terms of the United dians ; and if it is pursued and prosecuted efficiently it
States courts (exclusive of the Territories) are held in must lead to most beneficial consequences. The princi-
eighsy-eighc different places during each year. In the pal thing to be feared is that the poor, ignorant, unlet-
western district of Virginia courts are held at six different tered, and inexperienced Indians may be brought into
places; in the northern district of New York at eiaht: in too close contact with the whites, which teenerallv de-

California at six; in Louisiana at six; and in Florida at grades them, because they seem inclined to contract their
five. It is well to inquire whether the judicial business evil habits instead of imitating their virtues.
transacted justifies the expense in these and other in- The annuities are abundantly sufficientfor all legitimate
stances. Were there but one or two places only in each purposes. A large portion of them should be devoted to
State for holding the United States courts, there would the improvement of their moral condition. Ample pro-
be many obvious reasons in favor of constructing suit- vision should be made for educational purposes. The mis-
able buildings at those points for their exclusive use, so sionary establishments among them, which have been very
as to make them entirely independent of the State, county, successful in converting many to christianity and re-
or other local authorities; such buildings and every thing forming and civilizing them, should be fostered and en-
connected with the Federal courts being assimilated, as courage.
nearly as practicable, to those of the State courts. There is a provision in some of these treaties of grave
The accompanying report from the First Comptroller of importance, and requires prompt attention. One of the
the Treasury contains suggestions on this and other kin- stipulations with the Delawares, as well as lowas and the
dred subjects which, emanating from such a source, de- confederate band of Kaskaskias and others, requires that
rerve, and will no doubt receive, the proper consideration the land ceded by them (except the Delaware outlet) shall,
of Congress. after survey, be offered at public sale and sold to the
In pursuance of the separate resolutions of the two highest bidder; and such portions as may not be sold at
Houses of Congress passed at the last session, the Super- public sale shall be subject to entry at one dollar and
intendent of the Census has prepared with much labor twenty-five cents per acre for the term of three years,
and ability a Compendium of the Seventh Census; and the after which Congress may reduce the price of the residue
required number of copies is ready for delivery. This has unsold. The expense of surveying, managing, and sell-
nearly exhausted the appropriation for census purposes, ing the land is to be deducted from the proceeds of the
a small amount only remaining unexpended. The mat- sales, and the balance paid to the Indians.
ter to which his attention was directed being completed, The Government is bound to preserve these lands from
the Superintendent has tendered his resignation, to take all such trespass and intrusion as will interfere with a
effect in the course of the present month, and the office bona fide compliance with this treaty stipulation. If, as
has been discontinued, is now the case, intruders occupy these lands, and more
Many public improvements are required in the District especially with a view of making permanent settlements,
of Columbia, which can be constructed at this time with- and effectually preventing the Governmental authorities
9t tb9 expenditure begin seriously felt by the Treasury. from executing this stipulation, they should be promptly

ejected. The duty of the Government is clear, and jus-
tice to the Indians requires that it should be faithfully
discharged. Experience shows that much is gained by
sacredly observing our plighted faith with these poor
creatures, and every principle of justice and humanity
prompts to a strict performance of our obligations.
The better to protect the interests and promote the wel-
fare of the Indian tribes, between whom and the United
States treaties exist, instructions have been given re-
quiring the agents and sub-agents to reside within the
limits of their respective districts, and to make, through
their superintendents, periodical reports in detail of their
Many of the Indian tribes are doing well, and their
condition is daily improving; whilst others are rapidly
deteriorating, and constantly assuming a more dissolute
and degrading character. The aggregate number is fast
diminishing, and some of the tribes whose numbers in
former days were large and whose prowess was great
are now nearly extinct. Notwithstanding the unremitting
efforts of the Department, it seems impossible effectually
to prevent the introduction of ardent spirits amongst them.
The facility with which the use is acquired and the misery
and destitution which are its inevitable consequences
are matters of deep concern and regret. The abolition
of the system of cash payments, which is being accom-
plished as rapidly as practicable, will lessen the quantity
consumed, as it directly interferes with the interests of
the vendors. The traders, who have on this account a
most potent and controlling influence over the Indians,
are generally opposed to the change in the mode of pay-
ment, and have seriously embarrassed the efforts made to
effect it.
The crops of many of the tribes who have been induced
to till and cultivate the soil have, from the continued
drought, partially failed. As the quantity of breadstuffs
and provisions usually produced affords, at best, but a
scanty subsistence, their wants and necessities will be
materially increased. As they may be exposed to much
suffering during the coming winter, instructions have
been given to reserve a portion of their annuities, to
avert, as far as practicable, that calamity. Every effort
will be made to relieve them; and it is expected the
agents will not be remiss in faithfully discharging the
duties incumbent upon them under such peculiar cir-
The hunter tribes have lately exhibited more than their
usual boldness and desperation. The limits of their
hunting-grounds are being rapidly reduced, and the buf-
falo and other game are fast diminishing, so that they are
driven by stern necessity to theft or starvation. In con-
sequence of this, the frontier settlements and the emi-
gration to California and Oregon have been much exposed
and harassed. The military force at the command of the
War Department is small, and, although active and vigi-
lant, has not been able to give that protection to our citi-
zens which is so much required.
Perhaps the only course that can be pursued to reclaim
these tribes, and prevent their depredations upon their
innocent and in many cases defenceless victims, is to
make liberal appropriations for their colonization and
civilization. Colonization was, many years ago, partial-
ly tested in California, and the recent trial, it is hoped,
will prove successful. There is every reason to believe
the plan a good one, if those entrusted with its execution
have the proper aptitude and qualifications. Few pos-
sess the qualities necessary to the useful discharge of the
duties of an Indian agent, and fewer still the properties
required to carry out skilfully and successfully such a
system. If this last hope fails, their extinction appears
to be inevitable. Such should not be the destiny of this
unfortunate race, if it can be averted by the power of
this Government. Some are impressed with the idea that
the only successful way of treating them and preserving
the relations that should exist between them and the Gov-
ernment is to chastise and punish them whenever they
err; but, in my judgment, kind treatment in most cases
will subserve a far better and more useful purpose, and
eventually lead to more desirable results. The whites
who mingle with or live contiguous to them are not al-
ways blameless. Often to their mischievous conduct may
be traced the most brutal and distressing depredations of
these children of the forest. Kindness has operated won-
derfully on some tribes, and why should it not succeed
with others ? Colonization might be attempted in the
Territories of New Mexico, Utah, Oregon, Washington,
and the country immediately east of the Rocky moun-
tains. The object should be twofold, to domesticate and
isolate them as much as practicable from the white set-
tlements. The arts of civilized life should be introduced,
and, if possible, a settled form of government established
among them. To effect this large appropriations would
be requisite; but how could money be expended more
charitably or appropriately than in this great cause of
1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient
servant, R. McCLELLAND, Secretary.

CHICAGO INVESTMENTS.-The largest fortunes in
the West have been made by investments in Real Es-
tate in the infancy of the cities there. The undersigned has
devoted some years to the purchase of real etate in Chicago
and other points in the West, and has been peculiarly fortu-
nate in his selection of property, both for himself and East-
ern capitalists: his investments in Chicago having invariably
resulted most favorably, lie tenders his services to all hav-
ing funds for such investments, and he advises the purchase
of property in and about Chicago, as likely to be the most
profitable of any that can be made. The geographical posi-
tion of Chicago is such that she must always command an
immense trade, and already her lumber business alone ex-
ceeds that of any other place in the Union. Situated at the
southern extreme of Lake Michigan, with the Chicago river
running directly through the city, navigable for several miles,
and affording, in connexion with the canal which unites the
waters of Lake Michigan with the Illinois and Mississippi
rivers, invaluable commercial facilities, with already twelve
(12) trunk railroads terminating here and sixteen branches
and others in contemplation or actual process of construction,
Chicago is destined to become the great focal point of the
commerce of the Northwest, and will rank, before long, among
the very largest cities of the Union. Her population is in-
creasing with wonderful rapidity, and already numbers over
seventy thousand (70,000) souls. Real estate can be pur-
chased here by an experienced resident at lower rates than
those demanded for equally eligible property in other cities
of like size, and where the certainty of future growth and
greatness is incomparably less than that guarantied by Chi-
cago. Cash is the great desideratum in the West, and all
who now invest their funds in Chicago real estate judiciously
will soon be astounded at the rapidity of its enhancement in
value. In a very few years th- foreign commerce of the ci'ty,
now in embryo, will have increased to a vast extent, and will
constitute a great element in her growth, both in population
and wealth.
The undersigned institutes the most thorough examination
into the title of all property offered him, and rejects any upon
which even a shadow rests. His familiarity with the lan-
guage of the Germans greatly facilitates his real estate deal-
ings with that class of his fellow-citizens. He positively and
uniformly refuses all pay or compensation of any kind what-
ever from the sellers of real estate, so as to be untrammelled
in his purchases; and he looks to purchasers only for his com-
pensation, charging them a reasonable commission, or, what
ho prefers, taking a small interest in the property itself, pay-
ing interest on the money advanced for his share, thus secur-
ing to purchasers his utmost zeal in behalf of their interests.
The undersigned avoids all underhanded dealing; no pro-
perty in which he is interested, either directly or indirectly,
ever being sold to any of his investing clients unless express-
ly requested by them; and all desiring to avail themselves of
his services can, upon application to him, obtain the most un-
questionable evidence from those for whom he has heretofore
purchased real estate of the undeviating integrity observed in
his agency. Address, by letter,
Counsellor at Law and Investing Agent.
Office No. 150 Lake street, near the Marine Bank Building,
T. B. B. refers to his former partner, Hon. Saml. M. Hart,
Cincinnati, Ohio; Bishop Cobbs, Episcopal Church, Diocese
of Alabama, Ac.
References given, if desired, in all the principal cities of
the Union i dec 14-3tdA3tcp
I have recently opened a rich assortment of Silver Pla-
ted Goods, heavily plated on copper and on albatta, consist-
ing of-
Covered Dishes, Castors, Spoons, Forks
Soup Ladles, Butter Dishes, Waiters
Salvers, Cake Baskets, Bun Bun Stands
Coffee Pots, Sugars, Creams, Tea Pots, Slop Bowls
Pitchers, Butter Knives, Coffee and Tea Urns
Napkin Rings, Salts, Liquor Stands, Mugs, Goblets

Egg Stands, Card Receivers
Hot-water Kettles, Candlesticks, Ac.
Together with a general assortment of Housekeeping
For sale at very low prices.
C. W. BOTELER, Iron Hall,
318 Penn. avenue and 349 D street.
dec 9-eoiftJanl [Unionj
Just received, direct from the importers-
50 baskets Piper's A Hiedsiek A Co.'s Champagne
4 qr. casks Chateau Bernard Brandy
2 do Maret A Co.'s dark do
1 do London Dock do
10 casks Scotch Ale and London Porter
4 dozen Maraschino Cordial
4 do Curacoa do
5 kegs Dutch Herring
2 kegs extra fine Chewing Tobacco
20 half chests of very superior quality Gunpowder, Im-
perial, and Young Hyson Teas.
For sale by W. LINTON,
doe 9-tweoif [Sen] corner 7th and D streets.
received and opened this day a very large assortment of
Party and Ball Fans, the newest, handsomest, and cheapest
ever offered for sale in this city. Over one hundred samples
are now ready in our show-cases for inspection; and, as above
stated, they will be sold for cash at uncommon low prices.
Please call and examine them.
dec ll-3tif Under Browns' lotol



Mr. CLAYTON, of Delaware, appeared in his seat to-day.
A message was received from the President of the
United States, recommending the repeal of the law of last
session relating to the claim of the heirs of Samuel Prio-
leau, on the ground that said claim had long since been
Mr. EVANS made a statement relating to this claim;
after which the message was ordered to be referred to
the Committee on Revolutionary Claims.
Mr. SEWARD presented a letter from Brigadier Gen.
Thomas Machin, of the volunteers of the war of 1812,
asking that an appropriation be made to pay the expenses
of a convention of soldiers of that war to be held in the
city of Washington the 8th day of January, 1855, and that
said convention be allowed the use of one of the Halls
of Congress.
This -letter intimates to Mr. SEWARD that the time-
worn veteran should not be neglected by his country,
and that he is as much entitled to the respect and atten-
tion of Congress as a certain distinguished foreigner,
The letter requests Mr. S. to offer a resolution grant-
ing a sufficient sum to pay the expenses of the old sol-
diers' visit to Washington, and to allow them the use of
the Hall of the House of Representatives.
Mr. SEWARD alluded to the fact that there might be a
difference of opinion as to the constitutional power of
Congress on the subject, and he would not undertake to
offer the resolution which had been recommended by that
very respected convention, but on consultation with the
chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs, (Mr.
SHIELDS,) who had expressed favorable views, he would
content himself with moving the reference of the docu-
ment to that committee ; which motion was agreed to.
The following memorials were presented and appro-
priately referred:
By Mr. SEWARD: From citizens of the State of New
York who served in the war of 1812, asking additional
bounty land.
By Mr. ADAMS: From Reuben H. Grant, asking pay-
ment of a claim against the Choctaw Indians.
By Mr. JONES, of Iowa: From the register and re-
ceiver of the land office at Fort Desmoines, asking to be
allowed the same per centum that was allowed previous
to the act of 1854.
Mr. STUART, from the Committee on Public Lands,
reported back with amendments the bill making ap-
propriations for deepening the channel over the St.
Clair flats, and for deepening the channel over the flats
of the St. Mary's river, in the State of Michigan.
Mr. SEWARD, from the Committee on Commerce, re-
ported back House bill for the relief of the legal repre-
sentatives of John Putman without amendment, and re-
commended its passage.
Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, introduced a bill granting
to railroad companies three years in which to pay the
duties on iron imported for railroad purposes.
Mr. BADGER introduced a bill to increase the com-
pensation of the Judges of the Supreme Court and mem-
bers of both Houses of Congress; which was read, as fol-
Be it enacted, &ec. That an advance be and is hereby made,
to take "effect from the first Monday in December, 1854,
of fifty per centum upon the yearly compensation now allowed
by law to the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Su-
preme Court of the United States, and upon the per diem
compensation of Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in
Congress now allowed by law.
Mr. BADGER said he would not ask for any reference of
the bill, as its nature was perfectly well understood, but
would simply move that it be printed, and it then might
be disposed of as the Senate saw fit and proper. Mr.
B. addressed the Senate at some length to show that
the measure was eminently just, wise, and proper, and
could scarcely fail to receive the favorable considera-
tion of the people when they came to view it in its
proper light. He referred to the changed condition of
things in the country since the last increase of the per
diem pay of members. For thirty-seven years the pay
of the Judges of the Supreme Court and members of
Congress had remained the same, while all the officers
and employs of Government had received an increase
fully equal to that contemplated by his bill. The justice
of the measure seemed to be impressed on the minds of
all present.
The bill from the House of Representatives making ap-
propriations for the payment of invalid and other pen-
sions of the United States ending the 30th June, 1856,
and the bill for the better preservation of life and pro-
perty from vessels shipwrecked on the coasts of the United
States, were severally read and referred to appropriate
On motion by Mr. CHASE, the Senate proceeded to
consider the bills for the relief of Isaac Swain and for the
relief of Israel Ketcham; and they were severally read a
third time and passed.
On motion by Mr. WELLER, the Senate took up for
consideration the bill from the House of Representatives
for the relief of J. S. Graham and Walker H. Finnal; and,
after having been explained by Mr. W., it was read a
third time and passed.
On motion by Mr. HAMLIN, the Senate proceeded to
the consideration of Executive business; and, after a
short time spent therein, the Senate adjourned.

The SPEAKER laid before the House a communication
from the President of the United States, informing Con-
gress that the act passed at the last session for the relief
of Samuel Prioleau had not been executed, because it
hid been ascertained that the claim therein provided for
had been long since liquidated.
Mr. ORR introduced a bill to repeal the above men-
tioned act; which was read three times and passed.
On motion of Messrs. FAULKNER and STANTON, of
Tennessee, the Committee on Military Affairs and the
Committee on the Judiciary were respectively authorized
to employ a clerk at the rate of four dollars per day.
On motion by Mr. BOYCE,
Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary be in-
structed to inquire and report as to the expediency of re-
pealing the usury laws, with leave to report by bill or other-
Mr. DUNBAR introduced a joint resolution to modify
or change the original plan of the custom.house at New
Orleans; which was read three times and passed.
Mr. MURRAY, from the Committee on Printing, re-
ported the following resolution:
.Resolved, That there beprinted for the use of the members
of the present House of Representatives 15,000 copies of that
portion of the returns of the seventh census which relates to
the mortality statistics of the United States, to be arranged
by the Superintendent of the Census : provided the same shall
be printed in royal octavo form and not to exceed three hun-
dred pages.
A long discussion ensued, in the course of which-
Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, said that he could see no
possible necessity for the printing of these statistics. He
supposed every physician knew how many of his patients
he had killed, and whether he had killed them scientifi-
cally or ignorantly; and it would do them no good, he
conceived, to know how many they had killed in the ag-
gregate. He moved to lay the resolution on the table.
Mr. HUNT hoped the gentleman would allow him a
word by way of repelling a slander. He desired to vin-

dicate the honor of a useful profession slandered by the
Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, withdrew his motion, and
said that he had never here or elsewhere intentionally
wounded the feelings of or attempted to insult any gentle-
man. He was no bully; he was no duellist; and with
such he had nothing to do.
Mr. HUNT said that the gentleman had slandered an
honorable profession by sneering at it and talking of its
members killing their patients and keeping an account
thereof, and of there being no necessity for statistics to
be furnished them at the hands of the House, as they de-
sired. When (said Mr. H.) the gentleman speaks of an hon-
orable profession, endeared to us from our birth and
throughout our lives as preserving us in times of sick-
ness and disease; when he speaks of its members not as
ambassadors of humanity and mercy, not as health-giv-
ing men, but as destroyers of the public, I say that he
slanders a noble profession. I do not impute to the gen-
tleman an iRtention to do so. He spoke hastily, I think,
and in ignorance of the exact bearing of his words; and
perhaps he was giving way to what is toe common in this
House and elsewhere-a disposition to find fault with his
neighbors, supposing, as men very often do, that they
rise in consequence as they detract from the merit and
knowledge of others.
The gentleman did slander an honorable profession,
whatever his intention might have been. Had he said
that he did not mean to have done so, I would have con-
curred immediately in the declaration and would have
said nothing more on the subject,

The gentleman says that he is no bully, =a wishes to
have nothing to do with bullies. What does the honor-
able gentleman mean? Is he so false to truth and honor
as to impute to me that I am a bully; that I would tres-
pass upon the feelings of any honorable man in the
world; that I would wantonly do wrong to any human
being upon the earth ? If he means, by being a bully,
that I have the courage of a gentleman to resent an in-
jury, he does nothing more than appreciate my character
as a gentleman-a character vwhch believe is enjoyed
by nearly every gentleman whom I have the honor to
look upon in this body. Why does the gentleman talk of
bullying? Has he any fear, or does he imagine that I
would desire to insult him? No, sir; I would rather
cherish good-.will towards all mankind; and, if I know
my own heart, I have christianity enough to eradicate
from it all evil and to endeavor to live in peace and cour-
tesy with the whole world.
I must say, further, that I have always liked the gen-
tleman. I have met him upon equal and kind terms, and
when I rose to vindicate the profession I had no idea of
testing hi6 courage, or of trampling upon him if he was
devoid of any. I rose in the discharge of my duty to ask
this House to sustain a profession asking for statistics of
mortality-a very reasonable request, which they best
know the value of, and which this House, I have no
doubt, will grant, after the debate that has already been
had upon it.
Mr. CL1NGMAN moved to lay the resolution on the
table; which motion was disagreed to;: Yeas 74, nays 107.
The resolution was then adopted.
Mr. ELIOT, of Massachusetts, gave notice of his in-
tention to introduce a bill for the establishment of a ma-
rine hospital at New Bedford, Massachusetts, and for
other purposes.
On motion by Mr. PERKINS, of Louisiana,
Resolved, That the Postmaster General be requested to in-
form Congress if, in obedience to the law passed August 5th,
1854-which "authorized and directed" him to establish a
mail on the Mississippi river, from Cairo to New Orleans, and
from Keokuk, Iowa, to Galena, in Illinois," said "mail to be
carried daily from Cairo to New Orleans," and to facilitate
the establishment and carrying of which he was authorized,
on failure to obtain acceptable bids, after advertising for thir-
ty days, to make private contracts-has been put into opera-
tion either in whole or part; and that, if said mail has not
been put into operation, ho communicate to Congress his rea-'
sons for this omission, together with a statement of the terms
of the bids and the names of the parties putting them in for
carrying said mail, either for the whole route or for sections
of the route; and that, in the event of his having contracted
for carrying the mail on any section or sections of said route,
he inform the House what section er sections, and whether
bonds were taken of the parties so contracting for the faith-
ful discharge of their contracts, and the different dates at
which Faid bonds were taken and placed in the Department,
and, if any, which of said bonds have been forfeited.
Mr. McDOUGALL submitted the following resolution,
which was referred to the Committee on Printing:
Resolred, That five thousand extra copies of the reports on
Pacific railway surveys, with the accompanying maps, be
printed for the use of this House.
Mr. AIKEN, from the Committee on Commerce, re-
ported a bill to change the name of the American-built
brig Come to that of Jehossee, and to grant her a new
register; which was read three times and passed.
Mr. LATHAM, from the Committee on Public Lands,
submitted a report on the bill to continue in force for a
limited time the provisions of the act of Congress of the
3d March, 1851, and the second section of its supplement
of the 18th January, 1864, so as to enable the Board 'of
Land Commissioners in California to close their adjudi-
cations of private land titles in that State, and for other
purposes; which was laid on the table and ordered to be
Mr. DISNEY, from the same committee, reported a bill
supplementary to the act entitled "An act granting
bounty lands to certain officers and soldiers who have
been engaged in the military service of the United States,"
approved September 28, 1850; and also to the act ap-
proved 22d of March, 1852, to make land warrants as-
signable, and for other purposes;" which was read twice
and committed.
Also, from the same committee, reported back, with an
amendment, Senate bill to authorize the issue of patents
to land in any State or Territory in certain cases.
The amendment was agreed to, and the bill read the
third time and passed.
Also, from the same committee, made adverse reports
on the following petitions for grants of land: Of Randolph
Macon College; of the faculty of Union University, Ten-
nessee ; of the president and professors of Amherst Col-
lege, Massachusetts; of the University of Vermont; of the
faculty of Washington College, Virginia; of the Wesleyan
University, Ohio ; of the faculty of Jackson College, Ten-
nessee ; of the faculty of Lafayette College, Pennsylva-
nia; of the faculty of St. John's College, Maryland; of
the faculty of Franklin and Marshall College, Pennsylva-
nia; of St. Xavier's College, Ohio; of Hobart Free Col-
lege, New York; of Emory and Henry College, Virginia;
of Beloit College, Wisconsin; of La Grange College, Ala-
bama; of Madison University, New York; of Alleghany
College, Pennsylvania; of Middlebury College, Vermont;
of Wittenburg College, Ohio; of Lewisburg College, Penn
sylvania; of citizens in behalf of Davldson College, North
Carolina; of Miami University, Ohio; of the University
of Rochester, New York; of the County Court of Logan
county, Illinois, in behalf of a State Industrial Universi-
ty; of citizens of Missouri, for educational purposes; of
Joseph Jones and others, in behalf of normal schools for
female teachers; of the Legislature of Wisconsin, in
behalf of the deaf, dumb, blind, and insane; of citi-
zens of C(.i. ,g.'. in behalf of the Seamen's Friends
Society; of the faculty of Union College, New York; of
the Protestant University, Ohio; of the Legislative Coun-
cil of New Mszico. in r'.gard to land claims; and resolu-
tions of th- L.?gisl.i.rv of Louisiana, in behalf of the
deaf, dumb, and blind, and of the city of Baltimore, in be-
half of houses of refuge ; of citizens of Laramie township,
Cooper county, Missouri; of citizens of Cleveland, Ohio ;
of citizens of IHancock county, Ohio ; and of Edwin James,
sr., and Edwin James, jr.
On motion of Mr. DISNEY, the Committee on Public
Lands was discharged from the further consideration of
the following bills of the House, and they were laid on
the table:
A bill granting public lands to the several States of the
Union for the establishment of a permanent and efficient
system of common schools.
A bill for the distribution of the proceeds of sale of the
public lands among the several States for educational
A bill to establish the office of Surveyor General of the
Territory of Washington.
On motion of Mr. GREENWOOD, the House went into
Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr.
CuAsIsna, of Pennsylvania, in the chair,) and resumed
the consideration of the bill making appropriations for
the current and contingent expenses of the Indian De-
partment, and for fulfilling treaty stipulations with the
various Indian tribes for the year ending the 30th June,
Mr MACE said that he gave notice several days ago
of his intention to introduce a bill to prevent slavery in
the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska. He would in-
troduce this bill as soon as opportunity should offer, when
the House would see that there was no circumlocution
about it. It was a straightforward bill, which covered
the whole ground, and no one could misapprehend its ob-
ject. It was an exact transcript of the ordinance of 1787
and of the 8th section of the act of 1820, and was de-
signed to place the country where it was prior to the pas-
sage of the Nebraska bill, He addressed the committee
at length on the subject, in conclusion declaring that
never, while he held the seat of a Representative, would
he vote for the admission of Kansas into the Union toler-
ating the institution of slavery.
Mr. OLIVER, of Missouri, replied to several of the

points urged in the argument of Mr. MACE, and
Mr. WASHBURN, of Maine, replied to Mr. OLivsR, de-
claring that the sentiment of the North was almost unani-
mously in favor of early, practical, and persevering efforts
to restore upon the statute book the principles of the
Missouri compromise, and he had no doubt that in the
next Congress there would be a majority of Representa-
tives sufficient to carry out the will of the North in this
Mr. STEPHENS, of Georgia, then obtained the floor,
when the committee rose-
And the House adjourned.
FURS, IFURS, FUR$S!-We have just received another
Case of Canada Sable, Stone Martin, Fitch, Siberian
Squirrel, Chinchilla, and Lynx Capes and Victorines, by Ad-
ams A Co.'s Express, prices very low.
Also, Bear, Wolf, and Buffalo Robes, for private carriages.
Call and examine them at BUTT A HOPKINS'S
Temple of Fashion, corner of 6th street and
dec 9-eo2wif [Star,Sentinel] Penn. avenue.
P ER Sclhooners Mist and Ann D. Smith-
10 dozen Green Corn 1
10 do Peas 2 lb. cans
10 do Tomatoes J
4 dozen Pickled Lobsters 1
4 do Oysters
4 do French Mustard ga
4 do Walnut Catsup inglass
10 do Tomatto do I
5 do Spanish Olives J
20 do gallon and half gallon jars Pickles.
For sale by WM. LINTON,
dec 9-lweodif (Sentinel) corner 7th and D st1 ts,


of Albany, New York, were admitted attorneys and
counsellors of this Court.
Nos. 2 and 7. The state of Pennsylvania, complainant,
vs. the Wheeling and Belmont Bridge Company. The ar-
gument of the several motions in these cases for a writ
of sequestration against the corporation, for an attach-
ment against its officers, for a writ of assistance to exact
the decree of this Court, and for a taxation of costs, was
commenced by Mr. EDWIN M. STANTON in support
thereof, and continued by Messrs. Ri'ttLLL dan3d REVERDT
JoNrsoN in opposition thereto.
Adjourned till to-morrow 11 o'clock.

For Sale, on account of the Estate of the late H. R.
W. Hil.1-Extensive and Valuable SugarjPlantatlon
only fifteen miles above the city of New Orleans;
also, two hundred and sixty acclimated Negroes.

BY J. A. BEARD & MAY.-J. A. BEARD, Auctioneer.
WILL be sold at auction, at Banks's Arcade, on Magazine
street, in the city of New Orleans, the Plantation, at
12 o'clock, on Tuesday, January 16th, 1855; the Slaves at
the same hour on Thursday, January 18, and the following
days, for account of the estate of the late H. R. W. Hill,
without reserve-
All that extensive and valuable Sugar Estate known as the
LIVE OAK POINT PLANTATION, situated about fifteen
miles above the city of New Orleans, on the left bank of the
river Mississippi ascending, and having a front on the river
of about 36 arpents, and containing about two thousand ar-
pents of valuable sugar land, with all the improvements
thereon, comprising a large and substantial dwelling, with out-
houses and all the offices requisite for a gentleman's residence,
and surrounded by grounds and gardens laid out and planted
with the choicest shrubs, evergreens, Ac. Ac.; a large orange
grove, all under full bearing; extensive negro quarters,
partly new, and built in the most substantial manner. The
Sugar House is spacious and recently built of brick in the
most modern style, with large cane shed, purgeries, Ac. &Ac.;
it has two sets of kettles, one set partly of copper, one set of
steam clarifiers and a granulating pan, steam engine, with
throe flue boilers, sugar mill and corn mill. The Plantation
has been recently improved by extensive canals and leading
ditches. The Levee on the rear line is madeby the Opelousas
Railroad, and has one of the very best draining machines in
the State, from the manufactory of Niles A Co.'s, Cincinnati.
The P hnti'i.-.r- 'lid ..ut for making a very large crop the
ensuing ycer, eltao .iuple supply of seed cane laid by, and
upward. of 200 acres of land are now ploughed and ready for
planting. The crop of corn and hay now made is sufficient to
supply the plantation until the next crop. There is a large
stock of oxen, cattle, cows, sheep, hogs, Ac.
There are also about 80 head of the very choicest Tennessee
and Kentucky work-mules, cane carts of the latest model,
and all farming utensils, nearly new and in the greatest abun-
In addition to the above described improvements are two
separate dwellings, with the requisite out-houses, Ac. This
plantation may be considered one of the best locations in the
u:.ar ri.t..o. Ithas glow Levee with a making batture, and
i 1l isi,itc.J for a wood-yard for the supply of steamboats.
The exposure of the land on the river is northerly, which
serves to protect the cane from early frost.
The land and improvements will be sold in block, as above,
on the 16th January, and on the following Thursday, the
18th, and following days, at the same time and place, will be
sold 260 choice Plantation SLAVES, accustomed to the cul-
ture of sugar and cotton, and considered to be two of the best
gangs in the South, and comprising all the requisite mechanics,
such as sugar-makers, engineers, blacksmiths, coopers, car-
penters, bricklayers, choice house servants, cooks, and field
hands, and are to be sold, in families and singly, by a descrip-
tive catalogue.
Terms of sale for the Plantation : One-fifth cash; balance
at one, two, three, and four years, for notes bearing special
mortgage on the property, with six per cent. interest from
date until maturity, and if not then paid to bear interest at
the rate of eight per cent. per annum until final payment.
The improvements to be kept insured and the policy to be
transferred to venders until the second note is paid.
Terms of sale for the Slaves: One year's credit for approved
city acceptance, or notes endorsed to the satisfaction of the
vendors; the names of the acceptors or endorsers to be given
at the time or previous to adjudication, and if not approved
the slaves will be immediately resold. No slaves will be de-
livered until the terms of sale are complied with. The slaves
are guarantied in title only, and will be at the risk of the
purchasers from the time of adjudication.
The purchaser of the Plantation will have the privilege of
taking all the mules, stock, farming utensils, ansd corn and
hay crops at a valuation ; otherwise the same will be sold on
the place on the Monday following the sale of the Slaves, at
a credit of twelve months for satisfactory notes or city ac-
Persons desirous of purchasing or visiting the Plantation
can obtain letters from the office of the auctioneers.
Acts of sale before Wat. CHRISTY, N. P., at the expense of
the purchaser, dec 14-eptJan.ll
Wilmington, Delaware.

Principals : Misses C. and I. GRIMSHAW and A. H. GRIM-
French Teacher: Mademoiselle DUBAND.
Music Teacher: lMiss SusIE PAVITT.
THE twenty-sixth session of this institution will commence
on the 1st day of February and end on the l1st day of
July, 1855. T rEaMS
For boarding and instruction (including French) for the
Junior Department, (pupils under thirteen years of age,) $70
per session; second class, $80; senior class, $100 per session.
Extra charges: Latin and German, each, per quarter, $6 8;
Drawing $o; instruction on the Piano, Harp, and Guitar,
each, $12; Sacred Music, $1 per quarter; Pew Rent, $1.50;
Washing, $3; use of Piano, per session, $4.
Pupils will be charged from the date of entrance, and no
other deductions will be made. Pupils from the South can
remain in the institution and pursue a course of study and
continue their musical education during the vacation. The
hot weather in the months of July and August renders pro-
tracted and regular study injurious to the health; the Prin-
cipals therefore have not yielded to the prevailing fashion of
giving vacation during the cool months of September and
Right Rev. A. Lee, D.D., Alfred du Pont, Esq., C. I. du
Point, Esq., Henry Latimer, Esq., E. C. Stotsenburg, Esq.,
lion. Jno. M. Clayton, Delaware; lion. Win. J. Duane, T. C.
Percival, Esq., Win. Welsh, Esq., Win. B. Page, M. D., Prof.
Carson, Philadelphia; Rev. R. B. Duane, Honesdale, Penn.;
Rev. G. T. Bedell, Beverly W. Mason, Esq., New York; Rev.
11. V. D. Johns, D.D., Baltimore; Rev. W. W. Spear, Charles-
ton, S. C.; Hon. Langdon Cheves, Columbia, S. C.; Captain
Josiah Tattnall, Capt. L. F. du Pont, S. Sharp, M. D, U. S.
Navy. dee 12-6md&e

Treasury Department, August 20, 1854.
N OTICE is hereby given to the holders of the following
described stocks of the United States that this De-
partment is prepared to purchase, at any time between the
date hereof and the 20th day of November next, portions of
those stocks, amounting in the aggregate to $3,840,000, in the
manner and on the terms hereinafter mentioned, to wit:
In case of any contingent competition, within the amount
stated, preference will be given in the order of time in which
said stocks may be offered. The certificates, duly assigned to
the United States by the parties who are to receive the
amount thereof, must be transmitted to this Department;
upon the receipt whereof a price will be paid compounded of
the following particulars :
1. The par value, or amount specified in each certificate.
2. A premium on the stock of the loan authorized by the act
of July, 1846, redeemable November 12, 1858, of three per
cent.; on the stock of the loan authorized by the act of 1842,
redeemable 31st December 1882, of 11 per cent.; on the stock
of the loans authorized by the acts of 1847 and 1848, and re-
deemable, the former on the 31st December, 1887, and the
latter on the 30th June, 1888, of 16 per cent.; and on the stock
of the loan authorized by the act of 1850, and redeemable
on the 31st of December, 1884, (commonly called the Texan
indemnity,) 6 per cent.
3. Interest on 'b. par of each certificate from the 1st of
July, 1854, to the date of receipt and settlement at the Trea-
sury, with the allowance (for the money to reach the owner)
of one day's interest in addition.
Payment for said stocks will be made in drafts of the Trea-
surer of the United States, on the Assistant Treasurer at Bos-
ton, New York, or Philadelphia, as the parties may direct.
But no certificate will be entitled to the benefit of this no-
tice which shall not be actually received at the Treasury on or
before the said 20th day of November next.
Secretary of the Treasury.

TREASuRY DEiPARTMENT, Nov. 16, 1854.
The time during which the above named stocks will be
purchased by this Department upon the terms above specified
is hereby extended to 31st December next, inclusive.
As the transfer books will be closed on the 1st December,
when the current half year's interest becomes vested in the
stockholder at that date, all certificates of inscribed stock
must, in addition to the usual assignment to the United States,
have an express assignment of the interest made by the stock-
holder thereon. Where the interest is not so assigned, or
where the coupons payable on the let January next, in eases
of coupon stock, are not transmitted with the certificates, the
premium and one day's interest only (less interest from the
time of redemption to 1st January) will be included with the
principal in the settlement. JAMES GUTHRIE,
nov 21-dt31Decif Secretary of the Treasury.
PER Schooner Mist, from New York-
2 bushels Split Peas
10 boxes Hominy and Wheaten Grits
5 do Farina
5 do Corn Starch
4 do French Chocolate
10 do Castile Soap. WM. LINTON,
dec 9-MATif (Sentinel) corner 7th and D streets.
1 ROSEJ CLOAKS" on Commission.-We have do- *
termined to keep the balance of the Cloaks consigned to
us from the importer for three days longer.
Ladies who have not yet had an opportunity of seeing them
and making a selection are respectfully informed that they
can do so between this day and Thursday next. We are ac-
tually selling them for less than they cost to Import.
de ot-3tdif (Union; corner Penn, av, and 9th st,

' .< I"" I *I* I***; ^ 1;

X"Iierty and Union, now and forever, one and



In the SENATE a message Was received from the
President of the United States in regard to an act,
passed under erroneous impressions, for the relief of
the rcpreeentati yes of the estate of Samuel Prioleau,
deceased. Finding that the claim had been previ-
ously paid, the executors promptly declined to avail
themselves of the benefit of the act. After the pro-
per explanations the subject was referred to the
Committee on Revolutionary Claims.
Mr.-BADGER introduced and explained his bill
to increase the compensation of the Judges of the
Supreme Court of the United States and of the
Members of the two Houses of Congress. The bill
proposes an increase of fifty per centum on the
amount now received.
A memorial was presented by Mr. SEWARD pray-
ing an increase of the bounty land allowed to offi-
cers and soldiers of the war of 1812, and asking the
use of one of the Halls of Congress for the Conven-
tion to assemble on the 8th January.
Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, introduced a bill to
give to railroad companies three years' credit on the
duties upon railroad iron. This subject occupied
attention at the last session, and an early report may
therefore be expected.
An Executive session was held, during which the
nomination of the Hon. JAMEs B. BOWLIN, of Mis-
soqri, was confirmed as Minister Resident at the
Government of New Grenada.
In the HOUSE or REPRESENTATIVES a resolution
of inquiry as to the expediency of repealing the
usury laws was introduced by Mr. BOYCE.
After several resolutions and reports, the House
went into Committee of the Whole on the Indian
Appropriation bill. Mr. MACE, of Indiana, gave
his views at some length in regard to slavery in
Kansas and Nebraska. He was replied to by Mr.
S OLIVER, of NI i-. t1 i, who in turn was replied to by
Mr. WASHBURN, of Maine.

Of all the Executive Departments of the Govern-
ment this is the most varied and extensive in its
concerns and duties. Having under its control the
immense domain in the public lands, the settlement
of boundary lines, the bureaus of pensions, Indian
affairs, patents, embracing within their several func-
tions almost every thing that relates to our domes-
tic concerns and industrial pursuits, it is a depart-
ment more than any other requiring patient and
laborious application, a firm and discriminating
judgment, an even temper and a courteous deport-
ment in its administrative head. The possession of
these qualities, even more than brilliant talents
without them, fit a man to discharge the complex
duties of this important station in a manner satis-
factory to the country and honorable to himself.
The Report of the Secretary of the Interior which
we copy into our paper to-day will be found to be
an unostentatious, practical business exposition, con-
taining numerous details of general interest and
some suggestions for the consideration of Congress
which may lead to important reforms, particularly
in the Judicial system of the United States. We
concur in opinion with the Secretary that the estab-
lishment of a Law Department, properly constituted,
would materially facilitate the transaction of the
public business, relieve the other Departments from
many duties which do not strictly belong to them,
and prove highly advantageous to the public con-
venience and the general good. The citizens of
Washington will read with great satisfaction that
portion of the Report which recommends in such ur-
gent terms to Congress the erection of various edi-
fices, the improvement and embellishment of the
public grounds, and the donation of all the lots be-
longing to the Government not wanted for public
purposes to the City Authorities, to be exclusive-
ly devoted by them to the purposes of education."
We are glad also to learn from the report that the
bridge across the Potomac at the Little Falls will be
completed within the present month, on an improv-
ed plan.
We commend this lucid report and its sub-reports
to all who desire to possess an accurate knowledge
of all the great domestic concerns of the Government.

The following from the London Examiner of
r November llth, 1s',1, calls to mind the reports

concerning Harbor Defences made not long since to
the Secretary of War and transmitted to Congress;
among which reports we have <.' ij]lI in view
those of Brig. Gen. TOTTEN and of Capt. DUPONT,
of the Navy, who appear to have anticipated the
conclusions of the Council:
"COUNCIL OF WAR.-It is said that at the Council of
War held by the commanders and admirals of the Allies
on the 27th of October it was resolved that the Allied
fleets should not be allowed again to participate in the
bombardment of Sebastopol from the sea-side, it having
been found that the ships are thereby exposed to severe
injury without being able to render a proportionally ef-
fective service."
We regret to learn that the Hon. JOHN SCOTT
HARRISON, of Ohio, has been called home in con-
sequence of the serious illness of his mother, the
aged relict of Gen. HARRISON.

Nothings at Boston on Monday last elected their candi-
date for Mayor by a majority of upward of twelve hun-
dred over all competitors. So also at Roxbury, Lynn,
and Worcester. At Charlestown the Know-Nothing ticket

throughout was defeated, and the "Citizens' ticket" was
in the majority. We give the vote of the city of Boston:
J. V. C. Smfth, Know-Nothing................ 6,427
George B. Upton, Whig......................... 4,435
Isaac Adams, Democrat....................... 703
Scattering......................................... 59

The Great Southern Mail is carried on the Potomac
twice a-day by the steamers Powhatan and Baltimore,
the ice being at present no obstruction.

LAROE FAILURE.-The business community in this city
were surprised this morning to learn that one of the
largest and most extensive dry goods houses in Pearl
street, enjoying a high reputation in all sections of the
United States and the Canadas, had failed and gone into
chancery. The liabilities of the firm are between
$1,900,000 and $2,000,000. The failures at the South
and West, and the utter impossibility of collecting the
vast sums due them, is the cause assigned for this sus-
pension.-Boston Transcript.
S ago this institution suspended payment and assigned to
George Danferth, Esq. The deposited are reported to be
about $16,000, which will be paid at once. The State
Treasurer has notified the public that the stocks deposited
by that corporation will be sold within twenty days, in
order that all notes of said bank may be redeemed, It
is therefore believed that the bill-holders will suffer but
a slight loss.-Detroit 4dvertiser, I


A great many people are impressed with the be-
lief that the custom-house officers in the principal
commercial cities have very comfortable berths and
are not too laboriously occupied by their official du-
ties. How far this impression is well-founded may
be judged by the Circular which is embraced in the
following extract from the New York Evening Post
of Monday. The reader will learn from this article
not only that the custom-house officers are energeti-
cally employed, but that they have both an anxious
and an arduous time of it:
The following communication, we understand, has
been addressed to every Democratic member of Congress.
One of their number has had the kindness to send us a
To the Democratic Members of Congress.
The necessity for a well-conducted and permanently-
established Democratic paper in the city of New York
has been felt by the party here for the last twelve years,
and, although many efforts have been made to establish
such a paper, to the regret and mortification of all good
Democrats every one has failed. Many reasons can be
given for these repeated failures, b'ut the most important
and chief one is the want qf an extensive weekly circula-
tion in the country. Every party, every faction, and
almost every society in New York have their "organ ;"
yet the great Democratic party has never been able to
sustain a daily paper. On instituting inquiry into this
matter it was found that the main support of all success-
ful papers here is derived from a large weekly circula-
tion, and that the organs of the various, parties and so-
cieties have their principal circulation in the country.
The'Democratic party of this city have made arrange-
ments for the publishing of the New York Day Book as a
Democratic paper, and as it is desirable that it should
have an extensive weekly circulation in the country, and
its influence be felt far and wide, we have to request that
you will use your exertions to give it circulation in your
district. Respectfully, yours,
NEW YORK, DEC. 1, 1854.
N. B. We trust that you will give it your individual
subscription at least.
The first gentleman who signs this note is the Collec-
tor of the port of New York; the second is the Surveyor
of the port of New York; the third was a deserving but
unsuccessful candidate for the office of Uaited States Dis-
trict Attorney for the southern district of New York; the
fourth is Postmaster of the city of New York; and the
fifth is a deputy collector of the port of New York, and
at present editor of the journal which in this note re-
ceives the modest assurance of his high consideration.
Our contemporary is fortunate in having such active
and disinterested friends in high places, and we hope its
prosperity and usefulness may be proportioned to their
exertions. Should the fruit of their recommendations be
the means of making one more editor independent of
party patronage, and of relieving the public Treasury of
a corresponding burden, it would become a matter for
public as well as private and personal congratulation.
The Evening Post takes exception to some of the
statements made in the above circular, and says :
Our people have not been so destitute of sound poli-
tical ministrations for the last twelve years as these gen-
tlemen are pleased to represent." The Post was estab-
lished before one of these gentlemen was born, "and was
actively pleading for the great principles of Democratic
liberty under the charge of one of its present conductors
when their employer was beginning to parse in easy
sentences at the district school." It further reminds
them that the Post was the first paper north of the
Potomac that advocated the doctrines of free trade, and
is the only paper now published in the city of New York
that supported the Administrations of Jackson and Van

The General Assembly of Florida met on Monday, the
27th ultimo. H. V. SNELL was chosen President of the
Senate, and W. F. RUSSELL Speaker of the House, both
The Message of Gov. BROOME is devoted almost entirely
to State affairs. A large part of it is taken up in con-
sidering the subject of internal improvements. The sale
of internal improvement lands amounts to $228,121, and
the Register of Public Lands estimates that the value of
the unsold lands would increase the fund arising from
this source to $966,000. With interest accruing, this
fund is set down in round numbers at one million of dol-
lars. The swamp and overflowed lands granted to Flo-
rida by the Federal Government in 1850 are estimated at
8,000,000 acres. This Gov. Broome thinks can be relied
on as a safe and sufficient security of two millions of dol-
lars. This is all the fund the State has or can have for
internal improvements, as the constitution expressly for-
bids the raising of any tax or the using the credit of the
Slate for any such purpose. The system of railroads
which, it is urged, should be commenced with this fund
of three millions of dollars embraces a road from "Fer-
nandina, or some other equally accessible point on the At-
lantic coast, to Tampa Bay in the south and Pensacola
Bay in the west." The advantages of these roads to the
entire State are strongly set forth in the Message.
Grave objections exist both against aid by donation and
by loan, and the Governor therefore recommends a State
subscription to the extent of $10,000 per mile, payable
in State bonds for ten years. The extent of road required
by the base lines proposed would be 520 miles.
A thorough revision of the system of State taxation is
proposed, with a view to uniformity and equality of bur-
dens on all classes.
The cession of West Florida, as requested by the State
of Alabama, is decidedly opposed.

The gratifying intelligence is perhaps not generally
known to the citizens of our State that movements of an
important and significant character are about being
made by the United States military authorities in and
below this place touching our Indian relations.
We learn from good authority that roads will be opened
immediately in various directions through the entire
portion of country now occupied by the Indians.
The United States troops will be stationed in close
proximity with their present places of abode, to provide
against the commission of depredations on the lives and
property of emigrants who may avail themselves of the
inducements that may be held out by the General Govern-
ment for settlement; in other words, the country now oc-
cupied by the Indians is to be penetrated and surveyed
under the authority of our Government, and emigrants
invited to settle the same. The War Department is now
very properly evincing a strong determination to remove
this formidable obstruction to the immediate settlement
of a desirable portion of South Florida. We have reason
to believe that those having the matter in charge will not

relax any necessary effort to accomplish this beneficial
result.-Tampa Herald.
is before the North Carolina Legislature to incorporate
the Charlotte and Wilmington Railroad Company, by
which a connexion is to be formed between Wilmington
and Charloete, via Lumberton, Rockingham, Wadesboro',
&c. The capital of the company is to be $2,400,000,
and when individuals shall have subscribed $800,000
(one-third) the State is to endorse the bonds of the com-
pany for the remaining two-thirds, retaining as security
a mortgage upon all the effects of the company. The
North Carolina Railroad has just been finished from
Goldsboro' to Raleigh, and by Christmas it is expected it
will be completed to Durhams, Orange county, 75 miles
from Goldaboro' and 26 from Raleigh, making in all 118
miles in operation, and leaving 100 miles to be construct-
ed next year.
BRIEF REPORTING.-The reader must often be provoked
at the unintelligible method in which the markets are
often reported. For instance: "Flour, 4,000 barrels at
Saturday's prices. Provisions have advanced." Now,
this is intended to be laconic, but it certainly is not satis-
factory. Who knows what "Saturday's prices" were?
Instead of requiring the reader to hunt up a previous
paper would it not be more sensible to give the prices
themselves ? As, flour $8.60 or $9, as the ease might
be. No editor ought to publish such vague stuff,


The American mail steamer Pacific arrived at
New York yesterday with London and Liverpool
dates to the 29th ultimo.
No further battles in the Crimea are reported.
The Allies had been reinforced by the arrival of
several thousand troops, and the greatest activity
was still observable in dispatching fresh reinforce-
ments from England and France. During the ten
days previous to the sailing of the Pacific fifteen
thousand men had passed the Bosphorus on their
way to the Crimea. Fifty thousand Turkish troops,
it is stated, are about to be sent to the same quar-
ter, and thirteen first-class English steamers, dispatched
to transport the reinforcements of the French, had ar-
rived at Marseilles.
The Paris Moniteur says that the siege operations
were still advancing at Sebastopol on the 13th ultimo,
but a later account says that the siege works were en-
tirely suspended, and that the bombardment had ceased,
(temporarily, of course.) The Russians were still busily
engaged in fortifying the houses in the interior of the
city, and it is said that they had thrown two strong
bridges of boats across the foot of the North Forts, with
the intention of withdrawing the garrison.
The weather had become extremely bad, but the health
and spirits of the troops continued fine. Terrible storms
prevailed between the 16th and 19th ultimo in the Black
Sea, during which some thirty English and French trans-
ports were driven ashore.
The Emperor NAPOLEON had issued a spirited address
to the French army in the Crimea, in which he pledges
himself to persevere in humbling the pride of Russia.
The English Parliament was to assemble on the 12th
of December. The object of the meeting is to provide
means to prosecute the war, "the effect of which on
trade," says the London Times, "cannot fail to be very
serious; but success must be achieved, no matter how
heavy the reckoning."
England and France most positively decline treating
on the basis of the four points.
One of the latest rumors is that Austria is willing to
enter into a treaty with the Western Powers, but repu-
diates any obligation to adopt immediate hostilities. She
also strenuously insists upon an assurance of support if
there should eventually be an outbreak with the Czar.
It is believed that the Prussian Parliament will pass
resolutions unanimously adhering to the Austrian policy.
The French Government is about sending two divisions
to the Danubian Principalities, and active hostilities on
the Pruth were expected to commence immediately.
The army in Asia was preparing to go into winter
quarters. The cholera among the troops had entirely
The Cossacks had been repulsed in Dobrudscha.
Omer Pasha had ordered the suspension of operations
in Bessarabia, and was about sending a force of twenty
thousand men to Varna.
The United States steam-frigate San Jacinto left Bor-
deaux on the 20th ultimo for Spain, having Mr. SOULE,
United States Minister to that country, on board.
The Cabinet recently formed in Spain by Espartero
has resigned, but the Queen refused to accept their re-
The Italian Government is about sending a vessel to
America for the purpose of transporting a cargo of meal
on account of the military administration, and thus open
a direct trade with the United, States.
Three members of the Ministry in Denmark had
The returns of the Bank of England show a decline of
bullion in its vaults of 85,000.
The Czar had prohibited the export of all kinds of Rus-
sian coin into Austria.
Flour had declined 6s. during the week, but bad re-
covered. Ohio was quoted at 44s.; Philadelphia and
Baltimore 43s. a 44s. ; Canal 42s. The price of wheat
was unchanged. Corn 43s. 6d. a 44s. Cotton dull, and
J lower: fair Orleans 61d. ; Uplands and Mobile 5id;
middling Uplands 5d. Provisions quiet. Consols quo-
ted at 911.
The steamer Pacific did not sail from Liverpool till
Thursday morning, the 30th ultimo, at 7 o'clock, and
consequently brings some intelligence later than that con-
tained in the papers.
CONSTANTINOPLE, Nov. 20.-We have intelligence of
terrible storms in the Black Sea, which have caused most
disastrous results to the Allies. Thirty-two English trans-
ports were lost on the 14th, and great damage was done
to the fleets. The Prince and Sea Nymph foundered with
all on board. Three fine mail steamers have been strand-
ed. The French steamer Sanspareil was driven on shore.
The steamer Britannia is also ashore, with five feet of
water in her hold. The frigate Agamemnon was strand-
ed, but finally succeeded in getting afloat again. The
Samson's machinery has been damaged. The steamer
Retribution was only saved by throwing overboard her
guns, &e. The Terrible also made a narrow escape. The
frigates Henry the Fourth and Phito are lost.
ODEssA, Nov. 22.-Three ships of the line and eighteen
transports were greatly damaged on the 14th instant.
The crews of many of the wrecked transports fell into
Russian hands.
BEULIN, TuESDAY.-The Russian answer to the Prus-
sian note expresses the willingness of the Emperor to
treat on the following terms:
First. A common guarantee by the Five Powers of the
rights of the Christian subjects of the Porte, without dis-
tinction as to their profession.
Second. The common protectorate of the Principalities
to be exercised by the Five Powers on the terms of the
treaties now existing between Russia and the Porte.
Third. A revision of the treaty of 1841.
Fourth. The free navigation of the river Danube.
The Russian losses on the 5th at the battle of Inker-
mann are stated to have been 16,000 men killed and
wounded. The Allies had buried five thousand Russians
left dead on the field The Paris Moniteur affirms that
there were 70,000 Russians engaged in this affair.
The hurricane of the 14th November did not extend
beyond the Black Sea, and supplies and reinforcements
were constantly arriving despite the stormy weather.
Constantinople advices of the 20th state that during
the previous ten days at least 15,000 men had sailed from
there to reinforce the Allies in the Crimea, and had pass-
ed the Bosphorus.
A despatch from Marshal Canrobert, dated Sebastopol,
13th November, says "the operations of the siege are
proceeding, and the health and spirits of the troops are
The Russians are strongly fortifying the line of the
river Dniester, near Mohlieff.
Forty thousand Turks are concentrating near Roman,
in Moldavia, on the river Siret.
It is reported that the command of the troops to be
sent to Bessarabia has been conferred on Gen. Baraguay
The movement upon Bessarabia had already commenced.
ST. PETERSBUROH, NOVEMBER 26.-Prince Menschikoff
writes, under date of the evening of the 18th, that the
siege operations had been suspended and the cannonade
gradually relaxed. On that day it had almost entirely

Parliament has been summoned to assemble on the 12th
of December instead of the 14th.
There are ominous rumors of a ten million sterling loan,
and that the ten per cent, income tax is to be increased.
Power will be asked for the embodiment of the whole
militia force of the kingdom, by a compulsory ballot if
Rear Admiral Bruce has been appointed to the com-
mand of the British squadroi in the Pacific.
The cannon of the Invalides were fired in honor of the
victory at Inkermann.
Seventeen first-class English steamers were embarking
troops at Toulon. All the French ships arrived from the
Baltic are under orders for the Mediterranean.
Advice from Madrid to the 20th state that an amnesty
for political offences was promulgated on the 7th and had
been extended to the whole kingdom.
Espartero is said to have intimated to the Cortes that
the Ministry are about to resign, and he declares himself
anxious to live as a private citizen.

There are twenty-eight lines of omnibuses in New York,
running six hundred and eighty-two vehicle.


Movements of Hon. R. M. McLane, U. S. Commis-
sioner to China- The Revolution-Its Progress and Effect.
By the arrival of the Susquehanna we are afforded an
opportunity of presenting a succinct account of the ope-
rations of the U. S. Commissioner, Hion. ROBT. M. Mc-
LANE, from the time of his reaching China, as well as
much interesting and reliable information concerning the
political and commercial affairs of that Empire.
Mr. MeLANE arrived at Hong Kong on the 12th March,
by the overland route, accompanied by Messrs. Carr and
LeRoy, Secretaries. Instead, however, of finding a Gov-
ernment steamer awaiting his command, he learned that
Commodore PERRY had left for Japan in January, taking
with him all the ships of the East India squadron. The
Commodore received the order just as he was starting to
detach one of his steamers; but, as it was almost impos-
sible to changS his plans at so late a moment, he took the
responsibility upon himself of disobeying for the time
being the order of the Secretary. During the month
which Mr. McLane spent at Hong Kong, previous to the
arrival of the Susquehanna, he collected a quantity of va-
luable information in reference to the state of China,
there being at that time no less than four or five con-
tending parties in various parts of the Empire. Coca-
mander RINGGOLD, of the Exploring Expedition, also ar-
rived at this time in the Vincennes. As soon as he found
that the Commissioner was waiting the arrival of the
steamer in order to make his official visit to Canton, he
immediately placed his ship at his disposal, and it was
arranged that in a few days she should convey him up the
river. On the 2d of April, however,' the Susquehanna ar-
rived, and on the 13th proceeded to Macao, where the
Commissioner had been spending a few days, and, hav-
ing taken him on board, proceeded to Canton. At Wham-
poa, some ten miles below the city, his Excellency and
suite were transferred to the small Government steamer
Queen, Capt. Taylor, and proceeded to Canton. On leav-
ing the Susquehanna the Commissioner was saluted with
seventeen guns; the yards also were manned, presenting
a fine appearance. Capt. Buchanan and some of his offi-
cers accompanied Mr. McLane. While at Canton Mr.
McLane made his residence at Dr. Parker's, the Secretary
of Legation, where he was visited by all the merchants,
to whom he made a short address, assuring them that he
should do all in his power to extend the trade of the Uni-
ted States with China. The Chinese Commissioner at
Canton, who attends to the affairs of foreign nations at
that point, although aware of the Commissioner's pre-
sence, did not receive him, as was his duty, but pleaded
press of business, owing to the troubles then prevailing.
Mr. McLane made but a short stay, being anxious to go
north to Shanghai, where there had been quite a serious
difficulty between the Chinese Imperial troops and the
Previous to his departure north Mr. MoLane had an
interview with Sir Jon BowaRio, the English Plenipoten-
tiary, who had just arrived, the result of which was that
Sir John and Mr. MoL. resolved to follow the same course
of policy in their future negotiations. On the 20th April
the Susquehanna sailed, and reached Shanghai on the
25th. Here the Commissioner found a very intricate and
confused state of affairs. The foreign settlement was un-
der military rule, guards of sailors and marines being
stationed on shore ; the custom-house, which according
to the treaty should be situated at the port of Shanghai,
was removed, and two interior stations some twelve or
fifteen miles off were established, at which stations all
silks, teas, &c. were arrested until the duties should be
paid. As the country was overrun with bands of robbers,
it was a matter of great uncertainty whether the money
for the payment of the duties would reach the custom-
house or tho goods reach Shanghai after the dutieswero
paid. There was in fact for the time being a total abro-
gation of the treaty. Mr. McLane had an interview with
the Taoutae and the principal officials, as soon as his ar-
rival was known, and gave them to understand in plain
but at the same time courteous terms that he considered
their conduct as being iu direct violation of the treaty,
and that the Government of the United States could not
allow such a state of things to continue. By this deter-
mined action on his part the Chinese authorities were
brought to terms, and the Commissioner had the satisfac-
tion before he left Shanghai of seeing the custom-house
established with many improvements and peace and order
restored. The question of payment of past duties during
the time the Consuls had established a provisional custom-
house and received promissory notes in payment of duties
on merchandise also required prompt attention. The
Chinese officials on the one hand pressed the payment of
the notes, and the merchants on the other objected strenu-
ously. Here, also, by a frank and decided course of con-
duct, Mr. McLane conciliated both parties, and the mat-
ter was finally submitted to his arbitration both by the
merchants and the Chinese. The result of the arbitration
is not yet known. It is gratifying to know that such was
the confidence of the community in Mr. MoLane's judg-
ment that the English merchants refused to submit the
matter to"the arbitration of their own Minister, unless he
agreed to decide it on the same grounds and in the same
manner as Mr. MeLauo. Notwithstanding these vexatious
questions, the Commissioner did not lose sight of the
main object of his mission, but urged upon the Chinese
authorities the advantages of increased facilities for trade
and commerce with the United States.
During the summer months the Commissioner visited
Fuchau and Wingpo, two of the five treaty ports. At
Fuchau he appointed Mr. D. 0. Clark, of the firm of
Russell & Co., as acting Consul until the arrival of Mr.
Jones. The Viceroy sent his respects to the Commis-
sioner, and regretted that he could not see him on account
of sickness. At Wingpo there is little or no trade with
the American residents except the missionaries. Mr.
McLane gave Dr. MoCartee the appointment of acting
Consul at this place pending the arrival of Mr. Bradley.
On her return from Wingpo he proceeded in the Susgque-
hanna up the Yangtse river to Nanking, the headquarters
of the rebel chief, (Thae.ping Wang.) At Chum-kang-fu,
the outpost of the rebels, some thirty miles below Nan-
king, a shot was fired at the Susquehanna, but an apology
was almost immediately given, stating that it happened
through mistake. The rebels were not disposed, however,
to treat with foreigners, and the Commissioner's visit was
in consequence very unsatisfactory. Several commu-
nications passed between Capt. Buchanan and the offi-
cials. The tenor of those of the latter was absurd in the
extreme. They were willing to acknowledge the United
States should they pay tribute. Instead of being friendly
disposed towards foreigners, as is generally supposed to
be the case, they are more hostile than the Imperial
party. Their religion is a compound of absurdity and
blasphemy, and their habits are quite as corrupt, if not
more so, than the other party, as there is a strict separa-
tion of men and women. Little can be expected to
benefit trade from such a source, should they ever rise to
supreme power in the Empire.
On his way to Hong Kong the Commissioner touched at
Amoy, the only one ef the five ports which he had not
previously visited. After revisiting Canton Mr. McLane
prepared to go north again in the steamer Powhatan, the
Susquehanna being ordered home. His Excellency the
French Minister it is probable will accompany him as far
as Shanghai. The most cordial intimacy has existed
between the Ministers of the two countries, which has
greatly facilitated their negotiations. He will endeavor
if possible to reach Pekin. Two small vessels from the
Exploring Expedition have gone to the Gulf of Pechele
and the mouth of the Peiho river to co-operate with the
Powhatan, and at the same time carry on the work of
the expedition.
The Chinese Government are very willing to grant any
thing that foreigners may ask if they will give them prac-
tical aid; but it is to be feared on no other terms will
they open the interior of China, unless forced to do so by
a superior power.
The state of China at this time is melancholy in the
extreme. Shanghai has been for the last year in the pos-
session of a party of rebels entirely distinct from the fol-
lowers of Thae-ping-wang. It is closely besieged by the
Imperial forces, amounting to some 10,000 men. The in-
terior of the city is completely in ruins, and presents a
fearful picture of the horrors of war. Canton is, also,

closely besieged by the Triads, another distinct party of
insurgents. The Chinese merchants and their families
have been leaving in numbers for Hong Kong to place
themselves under the protection of the English. Trade
there is almost entirely stopped, owing to the troubles,
and the principal shipments of teas, silks, &c. have been
from Shanghai and Fuchau, but even at those ports se-
rious interruptions have occurred. The "Thae-ping-wang"
party holds almost entire possession of the rich country
watered by the Yang-tse river as far down as Chin-kiang-
fee, some two hundred miles from its mouth. They had
advanced within a short distance of Pekin, but were
driven back. They still hold possession of the mouth of
the grand canal. It is impossible to form any opinion of
the length of time to elapse before order is restored-the
Chinese say twenty years.

THE Hion PRICE or PAPER.-The great advance in the
price of paper within the last six months has put the
publishers of newspapers to serious reflection how to
counteract the evil. It is suggested in the West, among
other things, that publishers reduce the size of their
papers; demand advance payment in all cases; cut off
"dead-heads," and prune exchange lists. The effect of
this would be to reduce the consumption of white paper
and enable the printer to live. It is now stated that
rags cannot be had in sufficient quantity, and the reply to
this is that an increase in the price of paper will not
supply the deficit. Advance payments would remedy a
host of evils attendant on publishers.


To the Editors of the National Intelligencer:
Congress will have assembled before this letter reaches
you, and your columns will be more profitably occupied
than they can possibly be by any crude thoughts of mine.
This much by way of apology from an old subscriber-
(one whose father considered that if a man found dead
in the high-road had a copy of the Natiinal Intelligencer
in his pocket it must be taken as presumptive evidence
of his respectability)-not that I suppose apologies will
avail any thing towards the admission of this letter into
your paper. But, whether I am permitted to be heard or
not, I must endorse every thing that is said by your cor-
respondent "RUsTICUS," in your paper of 25th instant,
with reference to the inefficiency (and I might say con-
temptibleness) of our naval establishment. For the
people of the United States to talk of maintaining their
position as one of the important Powers of the world
without a liberal and enlightened policy in regard to their
army and navy is useless, useless, useless! Indeed, it is
worse than useless; it is folly, it is madness!
Now, si I live in the "backwoods," as might be said,
but I know of no man in all my "section," however il-
literate or unlearned, who would not cry God speed"
to any measures that might be adopted for the increase of
the army and navy. They are Americans, and they de-
site that the honor of the American flag shall be defend-
ed and that American commerce shall be protected on
every sea and in every clime. Most of them have never
even seen a ship, much less the ocean; and yet how does
the little rustic boy's eye kindle as he reads by the pine-
knot light of the exploits of a Perry, a Decatur, a Hull!
And who can read without emotion the accounts of the
battles in Mexico ; the indomitable courage of the troops,
the sleepless vigilance and watchfulness of the officers,
skilful and qualified as they were ? Oh! who can think
of Resaca, Monterey, Buena Vista, Vera Cruz, Cerro G6ordo,
or the City of Mexico, and of the blood shed at those
places, not to speak of earlier events in our nation's his-'
tory, and then refuse to send up his voice of approval for
any well-considered and proper measures that may be
proposed for the benefit of the army ? We in our seclud-
ed locality see little of the "regulars," (as our volunteers
call the 'listed fellows,) but we hear and read of what
they have done for us, and we lament the ill-advised po-
licy which our Government has heretofore pursued to-
wards them.
Your correspondent "Rustious" well says that, al-
though the building and equipment of vessels of war cost
money, yet we may find (when too late) that it would have
been cheaper to increase our navy. And I say the same
in regard to our army. It is necessary and proper that
both should be enlarged, and, were I privileged to indulge
in this communication in the language which would pro-
perly and truthfully characterize such conduct on the
part of sensible people, I would be able to show in a very
few words why it is that Congress has always seemed so
reluctant to take the necessary steps to effect this desir
able object. S. R.B.


To the Editors of the Intelligencer:
The Secretary of the Treasury estimates the amount
of specie in the country on the 30th of September last
at $241,000,000. He says: Of this sum there was
about $60,000,000 in the banks and $26,000,000 in the
United States Treasury; the rest being in circulation
among the people or hoarded up."
At the period of the discovery of gold in California
there was in the country about $100,000,000, and of
this $50,000,000 was held by banks and $50,000,000 by
Thus, in about seven years the amount in the bank
vaults has only increased $10,000,000, while the amount
in private hands has increased $95,000,000.
It is chiefly held where it is not wanted, and has not
materially increased where it is vitally necessary; for
the enlargement of business operations has rendered es-
sential an extension of bank facilities, requiring a corre-
sponding increase of the specie basis.
The derangement of credit, caused by the diminution
of bank accommodations, is the true key of the present
hard times, and there will be no relief until, growing
out of the interruption of business, those who have
hoarded the specie shall be compelled to spend it, and it
will thus find its way back to the banks.
It is idle to talk of extravagance and over-importation
as causes of distress, while in each year, after paying our
debts, we have an excess of specie in the country.
SEBASTOPOL.-A spirited and correctly executed litho-
graph of this important position in the Crimea has been
received by Messrs. TAYLOR & MAURY. Those who are
interested in the progress of the siege will find their
knowledge of the various fortifications around Sebastopol
facilitated by a study of the drawing.

Baltimore Market.
BALTIMORE, DEC. 13.-The advices by the steamer
Pacific have unsettled our market. Small sales of flour
before the news, Howard street, at $8.50. The same
price was asked afterwards. City Mills held at $8.25 a
$8.37. Wheat sold before the news at $1.90 a $2 for
red; white do. $2 a $2.05. Corn, white 80 a 82 ; yellow
84 a 85 cents. Oats 49 a 51. Rye 125 a 135 cents.
After the news no sales, but the market was duller.
New York Market.
NEW YORK, DEC. 13.-The cotton market is unsettled.
The flour market is firm. Good Ohio sells at $8.50 a
$9.25; Southern $8.62 a $9.50. Wheat, white Michigan
at $2.22. Corn, buyers demand a reduction. Pork is
dull, with a declining tendency. Beef unchanged.

A YOUNG MAN, of sober habits, a good salesman, and
one competent of taking charge of accounts, wishes a
situation in any kind of business in which his services would
be useful; will be satisfied with a moderate salary, Ac.
Address A. H, Box 142, City Post Office. dec 14-3t
ARE BOOKS.-Parker and De La Plaine's American
edition of the Edinburgh Encyclopedia, 36 vols. quarto,
in boards; M. Malte Brun's Geography of the World, 3 vols.
quarto, insheep; and Sanderson's Lives of the Signers of the
Declaration of Independence, 9 vols., handsomely bound.
The above works will be sold very low. For particulars in-
quire at IRVINE A CO.'S Cigar Store, 7th street, opposite
Intelligeneer office, dec 14-3tif
r| EACHER WANTED.--Wanted immediately, a Lady
qualified to take the place of Principal at the St. Mary's
Female Seminary, She must be a member of the Methodist
Episcopal Church. To such a one, who can give satisfactory
testimonials of character and qualifications, the sum of $350
per scholastic year of ten months, with board, washing, -Ac.
included, will be given.
All letters in connexion with this matter to be addressed
to Col. C. Combs, President of the Board of Trustees, Great
Mills Post-office, St. Mary's county, Md. dee 14-eotf
ANTED, a good Dining-room Servant. Apply at the
Observatory. de o 15-tf
OR RENT a handsome Suite of Booms, with
Board. Inquire at Mrs. SMIIH'S, No. 233 F street.
dec 14-2awtf
FOR BENT, a fine, spacious, three-story Brick Dwelling,
containing thirteen rooms, with bath-room, gas, an ex-
tensive finely paved yard, with pump, stabling for two
horses, carriage-house, and other conveniences, and delight-
fully located un Pennsylvania avenue, between Nineteenth

and Twentieth streets, two squares beyond the President's
mansion. Apply to A. HOOVER,
dec 14-d2w I street, between 18th and 19th streets.
IDIER'S Improved Sausage or Mince-Meat Cut-
ter.-This celebrated machine is warranted, with
proper care and use,, to cut or mince four pounds of fine meat
per minute. It is not liable to get out of repair, and is easily
operated by a small boy. No housekeeper should be without
one. For sale at FITZHUGH COYLE'S
National Agricultural Warehouse,
dec 12-3tifep No. 519 North 7th street.
E NGLISH DAIRY, Pine Apple, and Goshen
Cheese.-25 boxes English Dairy Cheese, small size,
selected expressly for family use
10 cases of Norton's celebrated Pine Apple Cheese
100 boxes Goshen Cheese, selected
20 casks do do.
Just received from New York per schooner Ann D. For
sale by E. E. WHITE A CO.
No. 63 Louisiana avenue, between 6th and 7th streets,o
dee 12-3tif opposite Bank of Washington.
D HRUG STORE for Sale.-A Drug Store, eligible si-
J tuated, doing an extensive business, and with an am-
ple stock of the best medicines, fancy articles, Ac., with all
the Fixtures, which are new, and in the moat perfect order,
is offered for sale a great bargain.
The price is $1,600, which is $1,000 less than cost. Any
person desiring to purchase can learn particulars by address-
ing a letter to "IDruggist," Washington city.
dee ol-dtf


Baltimore and Ohio Railroad-Improved Arrange-
ments for Travel I-Important Changes of ScheduleI
THE late completion of the Central Ohio Railroad between
Wheeling and Columbus, uniting as it does by so short
and direct a line the Baltimore and Ohio railroad with all
portions of the West, (and North and Southwest,) gives this
route greatly increased advantages to through travellers in
that direction. On and after MONDAY, November 27, 1854,
the trains will be run as follows:
Two fast trains daily will run in each direction. First: The
MAIL TRAIN, leaving Camden Station at 7 a. m., instead of 8
o'clock, as heretofore, (except on Sunday,) and arriving at
Wheeling at 2.40 a. mn. Second: The EXPaSS TnArx, leav-
ing at 5 p. mn., instead of at 7 p.m., as heretofore, and running
through to Wheeling in about seventeen hours, reaching there
at 10.25 a, m. This train will stop at Washington Junction,
Sykesville, Monocacy, Harper's Ferry, Martinsburg, Sir John's
Run, Cumberland, Piedmont, Rowlesburg, Newburg, Fetter-
man, Farmington, Cameron, and Moundsville only, for wood
and water and meals. Both these trains make prompt and
regular connexion with the cars of the Central Ohio Road for
Cambridge, Zaneaville, Newark, Columbus, Cincinnati, Louis-
ville, Dayton, Sandusky, Toledo, Detroit, Indianapolis, Chi-
cago, St. Louis, &a. Passengers leaving Baltimore by the
Mail Train will reach Cincinnati for dinner next day, while
by the Express Train they arrive there at 12 the next night,
being kept but one night on the route by either train.
Passengers for the Northwest via Cleveland and all inter-
*diate points can make a direct connexion with the trains
upon the Cleveland and Pittsburg Railroad at all times when
the Ohio is navigable for steamers between Wheeling and
Wellsville, by leaving Baltimore in the Mail Train at 7 a. in.
Returning, the Trains leave Wheeling as follows: The Ex-
press Train at 4.30 p. m., reaching Baltimore at 9.50 a. m.;
the Mail Train at 11.45 p. m., reaching Baltimore at 7 p. m.
Through tickets by boat from Wheeling for Cincinnati,
Madison, Louisville, St. Louis, and other river cities will be
sold at all times when the stage of water will admit.
Through tickets between Baltimore and Washington, and
all the important cities and towns in the West, are sold at the
Ticket Offices of the Company.
The MAtL TRAIN leaving Camden Station will take passen-
gers for all the usual stopping places on the road. Returning,
this train leaves Wheeling at 11.45 midnight, Cumberland at
10.15 a m., and arrives at Baltimore at 7 p. m.
The Frederick Accommodation Train for Frederick and in-
termediate places will start at 4 p. mn. daily, (except Sundays,)
arriving in Frederick at 7.40. Returning, will leave Frederick
at 9 a. m., arriving at Baltimore at 12.30 noon.
The Ellieott's Mills Accommodation will be run daily, (ex-
cept Sundays,) as follows:
Leave Camden Station at 6 a. m. and 3 p. m.
Leave Ellicott's Miils at 7.30 a. m. and 6.30 p.m.
dec 14-tf
Coulter's fresh Chesapeake Canned Oysters left at No.
397 Sixth street, between G and H, west side, will insure
their prompt delivery in any quantities to families and others,
at their residences, at the nsual rates. dec 14--t
FNANNY GHIEY.-This is a beautiful little novelty in
the way of amusement for children, being a sort of shift-
ing pietoral illustration of some verses about pretty, glad-
some Fanny Grey. There are six handsome engravings, in
which Fanny figures by means of a movable headpiece, ap-
pearing in different circumstances. It is a charming affair
for little girls, and will make a very acceptable present. Just
received and for sale at the Bookstore of
dec 14 corner of llth street and Penn. avenue.
EMALE Poets of America, by 'lhomas Buchan-
an Read
Female Prose Writers of Ametioa, by JohnS. Hart, LL.D.
Goodrieh's Gems of British Poetry
Keat's Poetical Works
Moore's Irish Melodies
The Parables Unfolded, by Rev. Win. Bacon Stevens, D.D.
Cabinet Annual for 1855
Jerusalem and its Sacred Localities, by W. H. Odan-
heimer, A.M.
Leaflets of Memory for 1855
The Snow Flake, 1855
Friendship Offering, 1855
Affection's Gift, 1855, Gem Annual, 1855.
The above are fine editions, handsomely hound and beau-
tifully illustrated. FRANCK TAYLOR.
ARISH and other Pencllling@, by Klirwal, author
of Letters to Bishop Hughes, Romanism at Home, Ac.
Harpers' Story Books, by Jacob Abbott, price 25 cents.
Just received. R. FARNHAM.
Forks, Spoons, A&e.-M. W. GALT A& BRO. have just
received a beautiful arsortment of-
Extra Plated Tea sets, latest styles
Castors, Cake Baskets, Card Trays, ec.
Also, superior Albata Forks and Spoons.
The above are of the very best quality, and unusually low.
Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.
dec 14--3t (Star)
OR HIRE.-A gentleman of this city wishes to pro-
cure a situation for a colored man, who for thirty or for-
ty years has been employed as a cook in a private family in
Virginia. Any person desirous of obtaining an excellent cook
will please address, for farther particulars, J. M., through
this office. dec ---dlw
C UNT ESTVAN, from Hungary, begs leave to
inform the public of Washington that his concert is un-
avoidably postponed until Thursday evening, December 21.
dec 14-eo3t
this day, from schooner Washington, from New York-
300 whole, half and quarter boxes best Bunch Raisis
1,500 lbs. fresh Currants
25 whole boxes best Layer Raisins
1,000 pounds soft-shelled Almonds.
For sale by E. E. WHITE A CO.
No. 63 Louisiana avenue, between 6th and 7th streets,
dec 14-3tdif opposite Bank of Washington.
UPERIOR New Extra Hulled Buckwheat Flour.
Landing this day, from schooner.Washington, from New
York, one hundred 25-pound bags extra Buckwheat Flour,
hulled in a very superior manner, expressly for family use,
entirely free of grit, and warranted to please.
For sale by E.E. W. HITE A CO.
No. 63 Louisiana avenue, between 6th and 7th streets,
dec 14-3tif opposite the Bank of Washington.
- EFINEED ISUUARS, Sirups, and Honeys.
50 packages double-refined loaf, crushed, powdered,
ground, and granulated Sugars, manufactured by Joseph S.
Levering A Co.
2 tierces Levering'" superior Sirup, for table use.
2 tierces Stuart's extra Sirup do do
5 dozen superior Honey, in glass jars, a most delicious
article. Just received and for sale by
No. 63 Louisiana avenue, bet. 6th and 7th streets,
dec 14-3tif oppo. Bank of Washington.
H ARPER'S STiORY BOOKS. No. 1, Bruno, price
25 cents, especially adapted for juveniles.
Parish and other Pencillings, by Kirwan.
Fish and Fishing in the lone Glens of Scotland.
The Fortunes of Torloch O'Brien.
Lectures in connexion with the Educational Erxhibition of
the Society of Art, Manufactures, and Commerce, delivered
at St. Martin's Hall, London.
The Miser's Daughter, by Harrison Ainsworth.
Just received at TAYLOR A MAURY'S
dec 14 Bookstore, near 9th at.
Molasses.-10 hhds. new crop New Orleans Sugar
40 barrels very superior new, crop New Orleans Molasses
Landing this day from steamer Maryland.
For sale by E. E. WHITE A CO.
No. 63 Louisiana avenue, between 6th and 7th sits.,
dec 14-3tif opposite the Bank of Washington.
C HRISTMAS PtESEiNTS.-Just received and now
opening at Downs A Hutchinson's the most beautiful
collection of Shells and Shell Work of every description ever
offered in this city; together with a fine amsortment of Fancy
Goods of English, French, and American manufacture, in-
Card Cases and Porte Monnaies of evsry description
Jewel Caskets, Albums, Cabas, Work Bones
Fancy Boxes, Writing-desks, Alabaster lukstands
Shaving Cases, Razors, Combs and Brushes, in great va-
Travelling Companions, Cake Boxes, Wax Dolls
Wax Figures under glass, Panoramas
Children's Cups and Saucers with mottoes, and Tea and
Dinner sets, complete, for children
Toys, China Vases, Backgammon Boards, Acoordeons
Perfumery, Lubin's Extract

Albata and Silver-plated Ware, Pocket Knives, Ac.
Also, fine Gold and Silver Watches, Fancy Clocks, and fine
Jewelry of every description; together with many things not
necessary to enumerate, and to all of which the attention of
the public is respectfully invited.
428 Atheneuta Buildings, Penn. avenue,
dec 14-3taw3wif near 44 street.
()FFICE DESK FOR SALE.-Left at our Store, to
be disposed of, a very superior mahogany Office Desk, of
large size, with drawers, bookcase, and pigeon holes, suitable
for a public office or for a professional gentleman. It will be
sold at much below cost.
dec 14-St ROTHWELL A BROWN, Auctioneers.
F ItESH PRESERVES, Jellies, Extractq for la-
voring, Ac.-Just received, from one of the most cele-
brated preserving establishments in the country, the follow-
ing articles, put up expressly for family use:
5 dozen fresh Peaches, natural flavor
5 do Cranberry Jelly
5 do Currant Jelly
5 do. Grape Jelly
6 do Orange Jelly
5 do Lemon Jelly
5 do West India Preserveo, assorted
25 do Extracts of Mace, Lemon, Almond, Vanilla, and
60 jars Canton Preserved Ginger, Imported
30 do Chow Chow, do
5 oases fresh Citron, do
For sale by eB. X. WHITE A CO., No. 8
Louisiana avenue, between 6th and 7th ta,
de 12-St-tf opposite Bank of WaShingol.


From 8. M. P tAwgil & Co's Advertising Bose
No. 119 Nassau st ree, New York.
WM. H. JACKSON, (formerly W. & N. Jackson A Sons,)
Grate and Fender Maker, No. 891 Broadway, one
door ahpee Nineteenth street, New York. ot 14
Price Reducedl
.THE UNDERSIGNED, Proprietor of the above-named
Swell-known and long-established Hotel, takes this me-
thld of informing the patrons of the house as well as the pub-
lie generally that he will, on the first of August, reduce the
price of Board from Two Dollars per day to
One Dollar and Fifty Cents.
The attention of strangers and others visiting the city ei-
ther for business or pleasure is particularly directed to the
eligibility of the location, being situated in the heart of the
business part of the city, directly opposite the City Hall and
Public Offices, and within a short distance of the most promi-
nent places of amusement. A. B. MILLER,
July 27-dIm 3 and 5 Beekman street, New York.
PSTEIN A HONIG, No. 100 Liberty street,
and 105 Cedar street, corner of Trinity Place, Importers
of Laces, Embroideries, Silks, Ac.
of German and Belgian Broadcloths, Silks, Hosieriel
Ac., No. 50 Exchange Place.
Linen Cambrics and Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs,
Linen Lawns, Embroideries, Ac., (own manufacture,) 21
William street. jan 16-ly
F COTTENET & CO., Importers of French and
other European Goods, No. 458 Broad street.

ILL BROTHERS, Importers of Embroideries,
White Goods, &Ac., 89 Liberty street.
ENGELMANN A CO., 93 William street-Fancy Goods,
Buttons, Cottoa and Woollen Hosiery. To cash buyers
only 7 per cent. nett profit on the importing prices. For your
own benefit call and see. aug 28
Full-Length Laughing and Crying Babies.
LSO, a great variety oft India Rubber Doll Heads and
A Toys. All of which are far more beautiful than those
of other materials, and a hundred times more durable. For
sale by the Fancy Dealers throughout the country. Made
only by the New York Rubber Company, 43 Maiden Lane,
New York, up stairs, aug 28-13m
M ITCHELL A POTT, 45 Exchange Place, Im-
A porters of British Dry Goods, Scotch and Irish Linens,
Dress Goods, Ac.
H ROBINSON A CO., No. 187 Broadway, Iam-
Importers and Jobbers, Lace Goods, Ribands, Silks,
Embroideries, Hosiery, Gloves, Shawls, Small Wares, &Ac.
JOHN M. DAVIES, JONES A CO., Importers ol
Hosiery and Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, Manufac-
turers of Shirts, Stocks, Ties, Ac., 104 William street."
jan 16-ly
S STRAHLHEIM & CO., 69 Broadway, Impor-
term of Laoe, Millinery Goods, Embroideries, and Trim-
mings. ____
Nos. 92 and 94 Liberty street, Importers of French,
Swiss, and German Silks, Ribands, Velvets, Vestings, Satins,
Series, Ac. Woollens of every description.

K OHLSAAT BROS., 48 John street, Importers ol
Ladies' Dress Trimmings, Berlin Wool, Floss Silks,
Elastic Braids, Gold and Silver Fringes, Gimps, Tassels, But-
tons, Stars, Laces, Ac. jan 16-6m
OHN COLT'S STANDARD Cotton 'Sail Duck,
H. C. BEACH A CO., No. 71, Pine street, New York,
sole Agents.-Cotton Canvass from several other mills. Also,
Osnaburgs Print Cloths and Copper Rollers for calico andsat-
tinet printers.
R. L. ALLEN, (late A. B. Alien A Co.,) 189 and 191
Water street, Agricultural and Horticultural Implements and
Machinery, Field and Garden Seeds and Fertilizsers, Guano,
Bone Dust, Phosphate of Lime, Poudrette, Plaster, A&c.
mar 10-3m
HARLES BRUNO, Importer and Wholesale
Dealer in German, French, and Italian Musical Instru-
ments and Strings, No. 2 Maiden lane. jan 16-ly
J GURNEY, No. 849 Broadway, the oldest and
most extensive establishment in the United States.
W Engravers on Wood, No0. 58 and 60 Fulton street.
Finest and best work done here.
EDWARDS, SANFORD A CO., Foreign Express,
No. 36 Broadway. Goods and packages forwarded to
and from all parts of the world. Agents in Washington,
Adams A Co.
97 William street, New York, Manufacturers and Import-
ers of Shirts, Stocks, Cravats, Gloves, Suspenders, Ho-
siery, Ac. feb 14-ly
HOMPSON A ROESLER, No. 14 Maiden Lane, Im-
porters and Manufacturers of Furs, and wholesale Deal-
ers in Hats, Straw Goods, Ac.
AVID CULVER, (Inventor and Patentee,) 52
Cliff street, Manufacturer and Dealer, wholesale and re-
ail, Ia Furnaces, Registers, Ventilators, Ranges, Ac.
LrADIES' ELASTIC SKIRTS, (Hough's Patent.)
P. BATES, 1 Barclay street, opposite the Astor I-louse,
New York, manufacturer of the above splendid and desirable
article, feb 21-6m
Maiden Lane, New York, Manufacturers and Whole-
sale Dealers in Goodyear's Patent India Rubber Boots, Shoes,
Whips, Clothing, Balls, Toys, Ac.

street, make all kinds of Rubber Clothing, Cloths,
Druggists Articles, As. Coats from $2.50 to $6 each.
feb 21-ly
M P. WHITLOCK, Manufacturer, No 101 Canal
street, New York. Gilding in all its branches.

SCHENCK'S Machinery Depot, 62 Courtlandstreet,
Machinery, Machine Tools, and Woodsworth's Patent
Planing Machines.
A NDREWS & JERUP, No. 61 Pine street, New
York, Commission Merchants for the sale of all kinds
of Machinist's Tools and Cotton and Woollen Machinery from
the best makers.
Exclusive Agents for Lowell's Machine Shop.

Lane, Importers of Violins, Guitars, Accordeons, Strings,
Brass Instruments, Ac.
rpHOMAS H. BATE, (late T. AT. H. Bate,) 103
Maiden Lane, Needles, Fish Hooks, Fishing Tackle, Ac.

CYRUS W. FIELD A CO., 11 Cllff'street, Import-
ere and Wholesale Dealers in American, French, Ger-
man, and English Papers, and every description of Paper
Manufacturers' Materials.
KIGGINS A KELLOGG, No. 88 John street.
Wholesale Booksellers and Stationers, and Manufactu-
rers of all kinds of Blank Books.

R M. PATRICK, Defiance Salamander Sates,
Its and GOFFIN'S Defiance Locks and Cross Bars.
Depot 19% Pearl street.
CHARLES ZINN & CO., Importers of French and
German Fancy Baskets, No. 52 Maiden Lane, (near Wil-
liam street,) New York. rmar 10-3m
J ARLBORN A CO., Nos. 54 Maiden lane (up
Stairs) and 29 Liberty street, Importers of Toys and
Fancy Goods. jan 16-ly
street, Encaustic Tiles, Garnkirk Chimney Tops, Plumb-
er's Materials, Metals, &Ac.
F HOPKINS A BRO.'S, Importers of Frene
Window Glass, No. 61 Barclay street.

Pennsylvania avenue, between 12th and 13th streets
ANUFACTURES and keeps constantly on hand a gen-
eral assortment of the above article, and solicits a call
frdm his friends and the public generally before purchasing
elsewhere, as his prices will be found upon comparison to be
lower than any similar establishment in this country.
ju4n l.-"o6M

No. 38 Louisiana avenue,
WTILL practice in the Supreme Court of the United States
V and the Courts of the District of Columbia.
nov 20-eolm (UnionAStar)
At Washington.
Counsellor at Law and Solicitor of Mining Engineer, Mletallurgist,
Patents, and Draughtsman.
THE subscribers have established an Agency in the city of
Washington, opposite to the Patent Office, for the trans-
action of all business connected with the several Departments
of the Government, through which claims of every descrip-
tion entrusted to them will be attended to with promptness
and fidelity.
For the procuring of Patents the necessary drawings and
papers will be prepared and presented, and patents prosecuted
with unremitting attention.
Mr. HITZ may be consulted on all subjects relating to Min-
ing and Metallurgy; and, from his thorough knowledge and
pi actioal experience, ho may be relied on for accurate infor-
mation in regard to the quality and value of ores and the most
approved mining machinery and furnaces.
_A- Mr. lHRITZ, as Consul General of Switzerland, may be
seen at this Agency at the usual office hours.
nov 13-eo3m DAWES &A HITZ.
Attorney at Law,
r -,/. ,'. .1 ... r H ., ., 1 :; r-i f
MARBLE MANTLES, Tombs, Monuments, Headstones,
New York Flagging, German Tile, and all kinds of
Marble and Brownstone promptly executed.
A large supply of Marble Mantles always on hand.
E street, between 13th and 14th street, next to National
Also, a large supply of Brown Stone, corner of New York
avenue and 15th street, mar 4-ly
189 Front Street, New York,
C of Sperm and Whale Oil and Candles, have con-
stantly on hand and offer for sale,
Patent and Sperm Candles, in boxes and cartoons
Adamantine Candles, first quality, ditto
Mould Candles, suitable for any climate, assorted sizes
Winter Sperm Oil, bleached and unbleached
Winter and Spring Bleached Whale, Lard, and Red Oils
Sheathing Copper, assorted sizes, 14 a 34 oz.
Refined Borax, in boxes and barrels
Snov 9-dly
Office on F street, near 14th street.
ULIUS E. MEIERE, late of the Pension Office, will at-
tend promptly to all business entrusted to him, and will
give special attention to the prosecution of Claims for Pen-
sions, Bounty Land, Land Patents, Scrip, Back Pay, Ac.
Hon. Lewis Case, United States Senate.
Hon. James Cooper, do do
Hon. R. T. Westbrook, House of Representatives.
Hlon. T. B. Florence, do do
Hon. D. T. Disney, do do
Jonah D. Hoover, Esq., Washington.
Richard Wallach, Esq. do
lion. John Wilson, Comn. General Land Office.
All communications must be pre-paid and directed as
above. oct 2-tf
Located No. 127 Baltimore ereet, Baltimore, Md.
HE ostensible object of this institution is to place in the
reach of individuals proper facilities for obtaining a
thorough and practical mercantile education. Ayoungman can
here obtain a more correct knowledge of general business
matters in a few weeks than can be aequiredin as many years
in any one counting-house.
The course of study embraces Double-entry Book-keeping,
and its adaptation to various departments of Commerce and
Trale. Mercantile Calculations taught according to the
Most approved method. Practical Penmanship, combining
rapidity of execution with beauty of construction. Lectures on
Mercantile Law upon various important subjects, beside many
other points necessary for a book-keeper or business man to
understand. The time necessary for an industrious student
to complete the course varies from five to eight weeks. There
being no vacation, applicants can enter at any time, and at-
tend both day and evening. Examinations are held at stated
periods, and diplomas awarded to those who graduated. For
terms, Ac. write and have a circular forwarded by mail.
nov 15-lv
No. 15 SouTH STREET.
HIS COMPANY proposes to insure lives for one or
more years, or for life, at the EDnuCEn rates specified in
the following table, being as low as safety to the assured and
to the Company would justify; with these rates the assured
enjoys the benefit of an immediate in lieu of aprospeetive and
uncertain bonts. He risks neither his policy nor the premium
that he has paid.
Insurance on Lives on every Hundred Dolars.
Age. One year. Seven years. For life.
20........... 87... ........... ..... 94..................1.65
25..................97......7 ............1.07..................1.90
85...............1.25..................1.37.... ...........2.53
45................1.65 ..................1.78.................3.47
60............... 3.46..................4.34.................6.68
Intermediate ages at proportionate rates, and these premi.
ams may be made payable annually, semi-annually, or quar-
terly, at the option of the assured.
Buys and sells Annuities.
Sells Endowments for children.
Makes Contracts in which life or the interest of money is in-
volved. HENRY F. THOMPSON, Secretary.

CHARLES W. PAIRO, Agent for the Baltimore Life In-
surance Company, would call public attention to the reduced
rates of premium now charged. All Premiums or Policies in
the District to be paid at his office, corner of F and 15th streets,
where applications for new policies can be made.
mar 1-tf
to undertake the agency of claims before Congress and
other branches of the Government, including commissioners
under treaties, and the various public offices. He will attend
to pre-emption and other land claims, the procuring of patents
for the public lands, and the confirmation by Congress of
grants and claims to lands; claims for property lost in or taken
for the service of the United States; property destroyed by
the Indians, or while in the possession of the United States;
invalid, revolutionary, navy, widows', and half-pay pensions;
claims for Revolutionary services, whether for commutation,
half-pay, or bounty lands, as well those against the State of
Virginia as the United States; all claims growing out of con-
tracts with the Government, for damages sustained in conse-
quence of the action or conduct of the Government; and, in-
deed, any business before Congress or the Public Offices which
may require the aid of an agent or attorney. His charges will
be moderate, and depending upon the amount of the claim
and the extent of the service.
Mr. F. A. DICKINS is known to most of those who have been
in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied
any public attention at Washington.
His office is on Fifteenth street, opposite to the Treasury
Department, and next door to the Bank of the Metropolis.
All letters must be postpa id, dec 14-dtf
Marble Mantels, Tombs, Monuments, headstones, Now
York Flagging, German Tiles, and all kinds of Marble and
Brownstone Work promptly executed.
Also, forty superior Marble Mantels for sale at the lowest
cash price.
Apply at the subscriber's works on E street, between 12th
and 13th streets.
july 17-eoflm W. RUTHERFORD.
EW BOOKS at Silllington's.
Solomon Smith's Theatrical Journey Work
Salt Water Bubbles
The Lest Heiress
Swell Life at Sea
The Pride of Life
Progress and Prejudice
The News Buy, Ac.
All the late numbers of the London Illustrated News, con-
taining the latest news from the seat of war in the East.
Latest Fashion Books and Literary Periodicals.
All the latest Newspapers, and every thing belonging to
the Stationary line, at SIilLLINGTON'S
Bookstore, corner of Penn. avenue and 4& street.
nov 22-tf

W OOD) GAS--As agent and attorney for Dr. McCon-
nell, I am authorized to sell Territorial rights under
his patent for making gas from wood. Thus far no process
has been developed by which gas from wood can be made
available for illumination without infringing McConnoeli's
patent. Direct, post paid, to
oct 4-tf Washington.
B YV K tI- I LOF- i'1' LO(CALITV 1i.J ithe extent
and novelty of its supplies, Janney's Shoe Store has
been named "the Great Central Shoe Store" of Washington.
Its shelves are supplied with good and fashionable Boots and
Shoes, and all orders shall be promptly filled in the factory
Cork-soled Boots and all work for winter use speedily made
to order and warranted to fit.
P. S. I have just received a supply of Shoes from auction,
which were purchased very low for cash, and will be sold,
wholesale or retail, at low prices.
348 Pa. av., between Brown's Hotel and 7th st.
311 C street, opposite Bank of Washington.
nov 29-d2w [Union,Star,GGlobe,Marl.Gaz.J
$W 1 \REWARD.-Lost, from the baggage car, on Satur-
10 day, the 19th instant, on the route between Phila-
delphia and Washington, a Gentleman's Overcoat, which was
wrapped in a cloth bearing the name of residence and strap-
ped on the top of a trunk; also, a.new Leather Strap and
Buckle from another trunk belonging to the same person.
The advertiser considers this an occasion to represent to the
owners and managers of the railroad on this route that, for
the comfort of passengers and security of baggage, an increas-
ed responsibility should be required of their agents.
Any communication addressed to the office of the National
Intelligencer will be received, and on returning the articles
oat the above reward will be paid. nov 25-tf

JOS. C. G. KENNEDY continues to purchase, sell, or
take charge of Real Estate, effect investments, and negotiate
loans on commission. Office cornerof Tenth street and Penn-
sylvania avenue may I1-tf
FOUR CHAMBERS and, handsomely-futrnished
Parlors, lighted with gas, either with or without board,
or any person wishing to take a house completely furnished
in a location convenient to the Capitol. Street well lighted.
Apply at the corner of Missouri avenue and 3d street.
dec 9-3St
A CARD.-Mrs. SPAULDING has now vacant seve-
ral most desirable double rooms, which she offers with
A mess of members of Congress, Army and Naval officers,
citizens, or strangers can be accommodated if early applica-
tion be made at the corner of F and 9th streets.
nov 22-dtf
B OARDING.-A few Table Boarders can be accommo-
S dated by the Misses KEEcH, on Pennsylvania avenue,
nearly opposite Brown's Hotel. dec 5-eotf
O MEMBERS of Congress and others.-Mrs. D.
E. GROUX has for rent several handsomely furnished
parlors and bed chambers. No. 349 Pennsylvania avenue,
opposite Brown's Hotel. nv 20-eolm
FOR SALE OR RENT, a Brick House on the cornerof
18th and K streets. Inquire of
ROBERT CRUIT, F street, between
nov 17-eo4w 14th and 15th streets.
OR RENT, a throe-story DWELLING, with back-
building, on F street north, (No. 425,) half a square east
of the Patent Office. The house is handsomely finished, and
contains fourteen or fifteen rooms, supplied with gas and
water. Apply to SAM'L FOWLER,
nov 7-eotf Next door, No. 427.
for Sale or Rent, situated on the corner of F and 2lst
streets west. The house contains fifteen rooms, and is fur-
nished with gas throughout. The stable and coach-house
will be included if desired. Pump of pure water at the door.
Apply at the Banking House ot
nov 9-eotf CHUBB BROTHERS.
that part of my Farm nearest to and binding on the
west side of the Baltimore and Washington Railroad, imme-
diately opposite the village of Bladensburg. It can be laid
off in nearly equal proportions of low or meadow land, well
adapted to the raising of grass, and table land, more suit-
able for gardening or other cultivation. Upon the latter a
ti... iIit.lr building site could be selected. The land pro-
posed to be sold is supposed to be about 50 acres, is of good
quality, and, besides other advantages, has all the facilities
afforded by the railroad, being within loss than five minutes'
walk of the depot at Bladensburg.
For more particular information apply to the undersigned,
at Georgetown, D. C., or Mr. SCOTT, at the Bladensburg
nov 17--eolm H. C. MATTHEWS.
OR SALE.-A valuable Farm, situated about five miles
from Georgetown, near the Rockville Turnpike Road,
and adjoining Mr. Lansdalo's, containing fifty-three acres of
good and productive land. It lies within a rich vein of lond
passing through that section. A large portion (at least two-
thirds) is covered with oak and pine wood, principally oak.
It has on it a new dwelling, 20 by 40 feet, not entirely fin-
Also for sale, a tract of forty acres, near Alexandria, on
Four Mile creek, and within view of the Washington road.
The above Farms will be sold on liberal terms or exchang-
ed for city property. Apply to EDW. SWANN,
nov 27-eolm No. 26 La. av., near the City Hall.
OR SALE, a comfortable and convenient two-story
brick House, No. 72 Indiana avenue, near 2d street
and Trinity Church. Immediate possession given. Terms
moderate. Apply to CIIAS. H. LANE,
No. 424 Penn. avenue, Gentlemen's Furnishing Store.
oct 31-tf [Star]
OR ISALE, from forty to fifty acres of good Land. It
can advantageously be divided into lots, and each lot
will have a largo portion of timber or woodland; soil of good
quality for a market garden. The location a beautiful one
for a gentleman's country residence, four miles from Wash-
ington. The land can be seen by calling on the subscriber,
near Tennally Town, D. C.
nov 15-eol9t CHAS. R. BELT.
Elegant Parlors and Bed Chambers for Rent.
F0 R S A L E.-The large and elegant four-story Brick
Dwelling with the high marble steps, situated on north
Fifteenth street, east of, and half a square from, the State
and Treasury Departments, having extensive three-story
back buildings, store-house, baths, brick stable, carriage
house, Ac., well known as one of the best-constructed edifices
in the city, and most desirably located, may be purchased or
rented entire if early application is made to the owner.
sept 27-3tawtf C. WEIRMAN.
TOR RENT, two Rooms handsomely furnished and in a
F respectable neighborhood; will be rented either singly
or together on accommodating terms. On H street, between
9th and 10th streets, No. 474. oct 4-eotf
M S. GASSAWAY, on D street, between 7th and
8th, south side, has a fine room for rent, with or with-
out board. No. 369 nov 27-eo2w
RM A. M. MADDOX'S Boarding House, No. 137
E street, between Sixth and Seventh streets, near the
corner of Seventh street, Washington, D. C., is prepared to
accommodate Boarders by the month, week, day, or meal.
Residence within two or three minutes' walk of the Patent,
General, and City Post Offices. Gentlemen can have Board
with or without rooms, dec 7-eolm
A CARD.-To all who wish to purchase goodFurniture
for Housekeeping Articles of any kind the subscriber
would announce that his House-Furnishing Ware Rooms, on
7th street, No. 530, opposite the Exchange Bank, are well fill.-
ed with a fine assortment. None need wait for auction sales
to get bargains, as he is determined not to be outdone any-
where. Ile has six sets of beautiful parlor Furniture now in
store, and eight or ten sets of enamelled cottage chamber
Furniture, made to order and finished in superb style.
The season is far advanced, the assortment very large,
funds very desirable, and great bargains may be expected.
Goods delivered safely, free of charge, to all parts of the city
or Georgetown. N. M. MeGREGOR.
nov 27-oo3w (Union and Organ)
A MEMBER OF CONGRESS, or other person,
having children in the city for whom they desire the
services of a Preceptress, can hear of a competent Young
Lady for the purpose by addressing Box 647, City Post Office.
A family school out of the city might be accepted.
dec 9-3tco
ling to Rent.-The store is on the east side of Elev-
enth street, one door north of Pennsylvania avenue, lately
occupied by Mr. Dyer as an auction and commission store,
and will be rented low to a good tenant; the house is over
the store. Inquire of G. A. W. RANDALL,
Corner of 12th and D, opp. Kirkwood House.
dec 9-eotf
For sale a tract of two hundred acres of land in Mont-
gomery county, Maryland, about one hundred and fifteen
acres open and in good cultivation, of which upwards of eighty
acres are in grass. Cloverseed has been sown with each
wheat crop. The land is of the best quality. It has had on
it within the past five years 5,000 bushels of oyster shelllime,
4,000 bushels shell marl, besides ashes, Ac. Guano has been
used on it with great success. It will be sold in whole, or di-
vided into smaller tracts. The lands adjoin Messrs. Perry,
White, and Reding. The situation is perfectly healthy, and
is abundantly supplied with springs ef excellent water. It is
distant from Georgetown market-house five and a half miles,
and within 400 yards of the landing on the Chesapeake and
Ohio Canal. Any one purchasing has nothing to do but crop
at once. Terms liberal. Apply to
nov 30-3taw2w No. 213 north F street.
FOR RENT.-The residence on the corner of I and 16th
streets west, occupied for some years past by Commodore
Morris. It is in the immediate neighborhood of the resi-
dence of Mr. Corcoran, St. John's Church, and President's
Also, for Rent,
The residence on F street, north side, between 13th and 14th
streets, formerly occupied by the Hon. John Quiney Adams.
The house will be rented furnished or unfurnished.
Apply at the banking house of Cnusa BROTHERS.
dec 4-d2w
17OR RENT, a very desirable Dwelling-House,
Ii furnished in the most comfortable manner, situated with-
in a short distance of tho Post Office. An arrangement might
be made to rent tho House without Furniture, provided the
party desiring to rent would buy a part. Early application
to be made to J. J. MILLER, Real Estate Agent,
dec 5- over Selden, Withers A Co.'s Bank.
WH BEE STORES FOR KE'NT.--One store-room and
J. cellar, which is also fitted up as a sales.room, at the

corner of Seventh street west and Pennsylvania avenue. It is
19 feet wide by 80 feet deep, having the advantage of two en-
trances, one fronting on Pennsylvania avenue and the other
on 7th street west, in the rear of the store-room.
The next store-room north of said corner store, and frent-
ing east on 7th street west, (which is the main business street
in the city,) is also for rent. It is 24 feet wide by 85 feet deep,
with a good dry cellar.
SAlso, the third store-room west from the said corner, and
fronting on Pennsylvania avenue; is 9 feet wide and 54 feet
The location of these stores is considered among the best
business stands in the city.
Also for rent, the upper or dwelling portion of the large
building over the said stores, situated at the corner of 7th
street west, and fronting south on Market space and Pennsyl-
vania avenue. It is four stories high d1.i..o the stores, and
colitains about sixty rooms. The pIarl..r ar. 52 feet long by
19 feet wide; the dining-room is 24 feet wide by 85 feet deep.
The private parlors and all the chambers are of fine size, well
lighted, airy, and nearly all front rooms, being an extensive
corner building. The location, being central, and fronting on
a highly improved public square, formed by the intersection
of Louisiana and Pennsylvania avenues, is one of the most
pleasant, convenient, and desirable for a hotel or boarding.
house in the city.
The building is well arranged, and has all the modem im-
provements of gas, tanks, bath-rooms, hot and cold water
through it, and a dumb waiter from the kitchen to each story
in the house. Rent moderate to a good and punctual tenant.
Possession given immediately, and also of the stores.
For terms apply to the subscriber, on G street north, be-
we en 13th and 14th streets west.
nov 21-dtf ANNE R. DERMOTT.

F OR RENT, that well-known and convenient three-
J story Brick House, with stabling, situated en Delaware
avenue, between North B and C streets, Capitol Hill, ad-
joining the late residence of Col. Wm. Brent. The lotlat-
tached to the house is large and well adapted for a garden.
For terms apply to JOHN CARROLL BriNT, Attorney at Law,
E street, near the corner of Seventh, or on the promises.
sep 23-eodtf
SURNISHED Rooms to Bent, with or without
board. Inquire of Mrs. BAKER, on 11th street, between
G and H. dec 9
NEGRO WOMAN FOR SALE.-She can cook, wash,
and iron, sew, nurse, or do any kind of house work; is
honest and good-tempered, and an excellent servant; about
27 or 28 years of age, sound and healthy, and will be sold
without restriction. Address, post paid, C. M. L., Washing-
ton city post office, dec 11-3t
OLYDAY PRESENTS.-On the 13th of December
I shall open the first large invoice of new styles Dia-
mond and other Jewelry.
Fine diamond set and enamelled Ladies' Watches, Chate-
lains, and Trinkets
A variety of Fancy Silverware
Card Receivers, Work Boxes, Fans, Vases
Bronze Figures, Table and Mantel Ornaments
Card Cases, Portemonnaies, Dresden Chinaware
And a variety of other Knick-Knacks suitable for Holyday
and Wedding Gifts.
The GoOds will be arranged for inspection on the 14th of
December, and the public is invited to call. Politeness and
civility will be extended to all, whether purchasers or not.
H. SEMKEN, Jeweller,
Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets,
dec 9-tJan 1 formerly Warriner A Semken.
HIS School was opened the first Monday in January,
1854, in the neighborhood of Falls Church, Fairfax coun-
ty, Va. It is eight miles from Alexandria, ten from Wash-
ington, and six from Georgetown. The location is one cele-
brated for its healthfulness. The principal aims to make this
school one where pupils may acquire a soundly practical and
thorough American education.
The scholastic year of forty-four weeks is divided into three
terms, commencing respectively on the first Monday of Janu-
ary, April, and September.
Board and tuition, $150 per year, payable per term in ad-
Students in the classics will be subjected to an extra charge.
For further particulars address R. F. JUDSON, Falls
Church, Fairfax county, Va. nov 21-eo9t
for Sale-The private establishment of a gentleman,
who disposes of them only on account of his being absent
from the city. The coach was made by Brewster, of New
York. The horses are of fine form, style, and action. Apply
at EARLE'S Stables. dec 9-eo4t
AY RUM, PERFUMERY, Ac.-Bay Rum, by the
Cologne, German and French
Lubin's Extracts, Toilet and Shaving Soaps
Hair Oil and Dyes, Pomade, Ox Marrow
Combs, Brushes, Powder Puffs
Playing Cards, Indelible Ink
Tooth Powder, Paste, and Wash
Cigars, Tobacco, and Snuff
Portemonnaies, Purses, Ac.
Drugs, Medicines, and Fancy Articles.
Opposite Pest Office, corner 7th and E streets.
dec 9-eo3t
Manufacturing Company offer on liberal terms, at the
town of Potomac, fifteen miles from Washington, lots eligible
situated for manufacturing operations, with an ample and
never-failing supply of water, on a head and fall of nearly
eighty feet. The attention of the manufacturing public is
especially invited to an examination of this extensive pro-
perty, which presents advantages to enterprise rarely to be
The Manager of the Company, Mr. RICnARD HIRST, will
show the property to those who may visit it; and any infor-
mation desired may be obtained at the Company's Office, on
7th street, No. 7 Washington Place. july 8-2awtf
Treasury Department, (N. C.)
November 13, 1854.
SEALED PROPOSALS will be received at this office,
until 10 o'clock A. M. of the 20th of December next, for
the purchase of $111,000 Bonds, issued by the State of North
Carolina, under an act of Assembly for the construction of
the Weldon and Gaston Railroad and for the improvement of
the navigation of the Neuse and Tar river. They are by ex-
press enactment exempted from taxation for any purpose.
They will bear date the 1st of July, 1854, will run ten years,
and will have coupons attached for the interest, at six per
cent. per annum, payable the first days of January and July
in each year. Both interest and principal will be payable at
the Bank of the Republic, in the city of New York, unless
where the purchaser prefers to have them payable at the
Treasury of this State. They will be issued in sums of one
thousand dollars each.
Parties bidding will please address their letters, endorsed
"Proposals for North Carolina Stocks," to the undersigned
at Raleigh, (N. C.) They will also state in what kind of funds
they propose to pay. The bids will be opened on the 20th of
December next, in the presence of the Governor, Secretary,
and Comptroller of the State, and G. W. Mordecai, President
of the Bank of the State of North Carolina. The under-
signed reserves the right of accepting such bids, in whole or
in part, as he may deem most advantageous to the State.
Successful bidders will be required, as soon as informed of the
acceptance of their bids, to deposit in bank the amount of
their bids, with the accrued interest from the 1st of July last,
to the credit of the Treasurer of North Carolina. This de-
posits may be made in the Bank of the Republic, Now York,
tlo.e Bank of the State of North Carolina, or the Bank of Cape
Fear, Raleigh. Documents showing the great resources of
the State and the small amount of her indebtedness may be
had on application at this office, or to Messrs. Brown A De
Rossett, city of New York. D. W. COURTS,
dec 5-td Public Treasurer of North Carolina.
for Sale at Ellaville.-The subscriber has laid off
120 acres of land in the neighborhood of Bladensburg depot,
under the designation of Ellaville, and offers the same for
sale. The lots consist of from three to nine acres of wood-
land, each lot including a desirable site for building.
On two of the lots the subscriber has erected handsome re-
sidences, with every modern contrivance for comfort. One of
these houses and lots is offered for sale and is now ready for
inspection. Connected with the house is a well of strong me-
dicinal water. Complete hydraulic apparatus supplies the
bath-room, kitchen, and water closet with water, which is ob-
tained in unlimited quantity without going out of doors. Ap-
plication may be made to Messrs. GREEN A SCOTT, Auction-
eers; Mr. WELLS, at the National Hotel, or to the subscriber
on the premises. A lithographed plan of Ellaville will be ex-
hibited, and terms of sale made known on application as
above. An omnibus runs three times a day between Ellaville
and Washington. CHARLES B. CALVERT.
aug 1-tf
V station for Sale.-I wish to sell my Farm in Todd
county, Kentucky, situated one mile from Graysville, (Ky.)
and thirteen miles from Clarksville, (Tern.) from which
place to Graysvillo there is a fine Macadamized road. Clarks-
ville is on the Cumberland river, about fifty miles below
The tract of land contains 1,328 acres, about 900 of which
are cleared and in a high state of cultivation, the balance in
timber; comfortable improvements, with houses sufficient to
accommodate 100 negroes and barns enough to cure 150,0t'0
pounds of tobacco; barns and negro houses new and
in excellent condition. There is also on the premises a fine
young apple orchard of choice and well-selected fruit. The
place is abundantly supplied with water, having never-failing
wells and stock water in every field.
This tract of land is of the best quality of soil and equal
in fertility and productiveness to any land in Kentucky south
of Green river. The fencing is all substantial and in the best
The premises will be shown by the Overseer on' the place.
For terms, Ac. apply to the undersigned near Turners-
ville, Robertson county, Tennessee.
oct 10- 3mm A. WASHINGTON.
TAKE NOTICE.-New Goods Just Received.
States Hotel, would respectfully inform his customers
and the public generally that he has just received new Fall
and Winter Goods in great variety, such as Cloths, Cassi-
meres, and Vestings, of the latest importation, and is prepar-
ed to have them made up at the shortest notice, in the most
fashionable manner, and at low rates of prices.
Having made arrangements to go into the "Ready Made
Clothing Business" extensively this season, he feels confident
that he can offer to those wishing to purchase a stock of
Clothing not inferior to any in this city, and not made up at
the North, as is usually the case with work sold here, but eut

in his own establishment, and made by our own needy citi-
zens, in this dull season, at low rates of prices. He is ena-
bled, therefore, to compete with Northern work in point of
prices, and as to quality and style he will leave for those who
favor him with a call to judge.
lie can sell whole suits (Coat, Pants, and Vest) at the fol-
lowing rates:
Good suit for business purposes, out of cloth or cassimere, for
the small sum of.................................................. $15
Dress and Frock Coats from.......................... $10 to $20
Overcoats of different styles........................... 12 to 25
Black and Fancy Pantaloons.......................... 3 50 to 10
Silk and Velvet Vests................................... 2 50 to 10
This stock of Clothing is of a superior 1.iit'y. and has
been made up since he received the Fall and W\ h.:r Fashions.
He keeps constantly on hamd a large assortment of Fancy
Articles, such as Gloves, Cravats, Collars, Umbrellas, Ac.
Sole Agent for the sale of Scott's Report of Fashions in this
city. nov 21-if
12p.'0J0J0. Investmnent.-The subscriber offers for
sale his large and handsome House (recently occupied by the
Mexican Minister) situated on 4J street, near Pennsylvania
avenue, and in the most populous part of the city. It is an
exceedingly well-built house and has been erected but a very
short time. It contains eighteen fine rooms, and is replete
with modern improvements-gas, bath fixtures, Ac. ; has a
pump in the yard and water cistern in the house. The house
rents for $1,000 per annum, and has not been idle one day
since its erection. On the premises are a large brick stable
and carriage-house.
For inspection of the premises and further particulars ap.
ply to T. W. BROWNIN' ,
nov 18-Stawtf Under United ftatrs Hltel.

CONSUMERS AND Dealers in Wines, Liquors,
S and Cigars will find it to their advantage to call and
examine our stock, all of which was purchased under custom-
house lock, and, as will be seen by our advertisement in this
paper, forms the largest and most complete assortment to be
found in the city. HAMILTON A LEACH,
No. 419 Pennsylvania avenue,
dec 7-eod4w opposite Jackson Hall.
devoting our attention exclusively to the sale of Foreign
Wines, Liquors, and Cigars, of which we offer ajiot below.

Newton, Gordon, Murdoch A
Reserve, vintage 1816
Old London Particular
Howard March & Co.
Superior Sercial
Old South Side
Pure Madeira Grape Juice -
Pomar's Brown, very delicate
Harmony's Superior Amon-
Harmony's Cabinet
Harmony's Table
Golden Imported, in cases
Superior Manzanilla Pale
Offley's superior Old Pale
Sanderman's superior Old
Pure Old Medicinal
Heidsick, imported by Re-
nauld A Francois
Heidsick, imported by Cramer
A Abegg
Les Perles do la Champagne
Bollinger, imported by Hlilger
A Co.
Fleur do Boozy, our own im-
Mumr's Verzenury, imported
by Boker
Longworth's Sparkling Ca-

Chateau Margaux
Chateau La Rose
Haut Talence
St. Estephe Medoo
St. Jullien Medoc
Margaux Medoc
Maroobrunuer, 1846
Johannisberger Cabinet
Otard, Dupuy A Co.'s Brandy
Hennessey London Dock
Jean Lewis, 1811, Brandy
Maglory, 1834, Brandy
Pinet, Castellion A Co.'s
Old Accomac Peach Brandy
Holland Gin
Wolf's Schiedam Schnapps
Pure Jamaica and St. Croix
Fine Old Scnteh and Irish
Monongahela, Bourbon, and
Wheat Whiskey
Brown Stout and Scotch Ale
Hibbert's, and Barclay A Per-
kin's Brown Stout and Pale
Younger's and Muir's Scotch

Every variety of Wines and Liquors.
dcc 7-ood4w No. 419, opposite Jackson Hall.
list of Havana Cigars, of the very finest brands, which
we are now receiving, and will sell at wholesale cr retail
much below the usual prices. The quality of these Ci-
gars, and the large assortment, affords every one an oppor-
tunity to suit his taste.
La Raquel Sir Robert Peel
La Filantropa Oregon
La Est fiania Corbden
La Espanola Ariana
La Carolina El Nectar Cubano.
La Euganita El Salvador
La Nicotiana El Commercio Libro
Legitema Ambrosia El Divan
Flor de Cabana Rio Hondo
No. 419 Pennsylvania avenue,
dec 7-cod4w opposite Jackson Hall.
N" OI'C.-- r,,:. hIn rti t,.i.,r t. s ,. i.l..I..lu
I Brill, deceased, on whose estate letters testamentary
were granted by the Orphans' Court for Washington county,
Maryland, in the year 1801, are hereby notified to appear in
the Orphans' Court of said county on or before the 1st day of
May, 1855, and establish their right to the funds now in the
hands, or which may hereafter come into the hands, of the
undersigned as administrator de bonis non with the will an-
nexed of said deceased. JOHN R. SNEARY,
Administrator do bonis non with the Will annexed.
dec 8-7teo
M AGRUDER & CALVERT having made an as-
signment of their goods and debts to the undersigned
as trustees for the benefit of their creditors, those indebted
by note or book account will please call at store 216 Pennsyl-
vania avenue and pay the same to their agent, Thos. 0. Hills.
dec 11- -JJOHN W. ENGLAND.
[No. 523.]
Sale of alternate sections in the State of Missouri.
I N pursuance of law, I, FRANKLIN PIERCE, President
S of the United States of America, do hereby declare and
make known that public sales of the sections and parts of sections,
1.'i: t I. ....,; .5 ,..I. rs, which remain to tlse United
,, ... '....... .'..fthe Hannibaland St.Joseph Rail-
road, in the Sate of Missouri, subject to sale at two dollars and fifty
cents per acre, as provided by the act of 10th June, 1852, entitled
"An act granting the right of way to the State of Missouri, and a
portion of the public lands, to aid in the construction of certain rail-
roads in said State," and specially excepted from graduation as to
price by the act of 41% .\..., ., -- .will be held at the undermen-
tioned land offices it ",h. a it.. periods hereinafter designated,
to wit:
At the land office at P.s 1u% -..iu.r,.n.-;r.. on Monday, the fif-
teenth day of January .-. *.J fr IL -ii". -1a of the vacant lands
within such sections and parts of sections bearing odd numbers,
above referred to, as are situated in the undermentioned townships,
North of the base line and west of the fifth principal meridian.
T 71.1.v ,T .,f A r,,r,.', iLr .,
F...t i., ;,.. .;....... ,. r. .ir. n, and fifty-eight, of range
Townshipsfifty-five, fifty-six, fifty-seven,fifty-eight, andfifty-nins, of
i. -. ..; P; .. '.. -six, fifty-seven, fifty-eight, andfifty-ine, of
range six.
Townships fifty-five, fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, of range
T. ,, [,- i.Lip.. f'.. fti i .. r. i1 .. ofrange eight.
1...-i- I.,,. ,.. r. %. r. ]. 1 , ,. ,. .frou :. f r-i .e.
i, .r,, i,^ ^ . +, -", ,/,, ,,, .t,,.- r i.,.,,'. of range
Townshipsfifty-six, fifty '-, n. 'r..] -. ... i. of range eleven.
Townshipsflifty-six, fifty- -.. u -- '. .. ofrange twelve.
At the land office at MILAN, commencing on Monday, the eighth
day of January next, for the disposal of tho vacant public lands in
such odd-numbered sections above referred to as arc situated in the
ollowiug-named townships, to wit:
North of the basic line and west of the fifth principal meridian.
.. ... ... . . . ":.of range fourteen.
'I .' .l[, lt .. Hi. vi, J fI .l l i i'i. *,
; h, ., n,, % ... .. + ,I , q', /. i r ,a- % i .. en-
I h. 1 I.. ,., bijli nr- n. r D i-.i ' ,ii *i r~i-1n-.- -even-
T .. n .n,.. fl .. .-r.. ,. ," f range eighteen.
I .. b. '1. ,r.. . , i . i range nineteen.
,. 1..',, ..',,,, ,, a .-,.uu! I -i. range twenty.
i'..r,..,r. ,,-. ,. 1i ,. iL ,- '. of ranuge twenty-
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, of range twenty-
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, of range twenty-
At the land office at PLATTSBURG, commencing on Monday, the
eighteenth day of December next, for the disposal of the vacant pub-
lic lands in such odd-numbered sections above referred to as are situ-
ated in the following-named townships, viz :
North of the base liineandvset of thefifth principalsmeridaan.
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, fifty.eight, and fifty-nine, of range
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, of range twenty-
Townships fifty-sixz, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, of range twenty-
Townships 'fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, of range twenty-
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, of range twenty-
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, of range twenty-
Townshipsfifty-six, fifty-seven, andftfy.eight, of range thirty.
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, ot range thirty-
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty.eight, of range thirty-
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, of range thirty-
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifty-eight, of range thirty-
Townships fifty-six, fifty-seven, and fifly-eight, of range thirty
The townships herein designated by roman letters are wholly within
the limits of "six sections in width on each side of said road," and
those in italics are parity within said limits, as designated on the dia-
grams which were furnished to the respective district land offices by
the Commissioner of the General Land Office.
The lands will be sold subject to the right of way granted by said act
of the 10th June, 1852, "for the convenient construction and use of
said road as a public highway for transportation ;" and therefore the
particular tracts through which the road passes will be sold as contain-
ing the quantities shown by the official plats.
The sections will be offered in the order in which they are adver-
tised; each sale will be kept open for a time sufficient to admit of of-
fering all the lands, but not exceeding two weeks, and applications to
make private entries of the lands offered under this proclamation will
not be received until after the close of the public sale.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, this fifteenth day
of September, anne Dominione thousand eight hundred and fifty-four.
By the President:
Acting Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Under the act of Congress approved 3d March, 1853, entitled "An
act to extend pre-emption rights to certain settlers therein mention-
ed," the pre-emption laws of the United States as they then existed
were extended over the above-mentioned alternate sections, where
the settlement and improvement were made prior to the date of allot-
ment, it proven up and paid for, at the rate of two dollars and fifty
cents per acre, before the day fixed for the public sale. And by the act
approved 27th March, 1854, entitled "An act for the relief of settlers
on lands reserved for railroad purposes," persons who settled and im-
proved the above lands prior to the date of withdrawal will be entitled
to pre-emptions at the ordinary minimum price of the public lands, or
at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, if proven up
and paid for before the day fixed for the public sale. Therefore,
every person entitled to the right of pre-emption to any of the lands
above mentioned, under the act of 3d March, 1853, above referred to,
on settlements made prior to the 9th of February, 1854, (the date of al-
lotment,) or under the act of 27th March, 1854, on settlements made
prior to the date of withdrawal, is required to establIsh the same to the
satisfaction of the register and receiver of the proper land office, and
make payment therefor at the price fixed by law as soon as practi-
cabte after setisg itie notice, and before the day appointed for the
public sale of the lands embracing the tract claimed; otherwise such
claim will be forfeited.
Acting Commissioner of the General Land Office.
sep 18--wa3Sw
District of Co lumbia, Washington county, to wit :
I HEREBY CERTIFY that Robert Rainey, of said coun-
ty, brought before me, as an estray, a small Bay Colt,
without shoes, not bridlewise.
Given under my hand and seal this 13th December, 1851.
P. S. The owner of the above-described oolt is hereby re-
quested to come forward, prove property, pay charges, and
take her away. ROBERT RAINEY,
dec 12--t 8th street Livery Stables.

T AM authorized to offer a eplundid Farm, containing 1l
Acres, more or less, fu(or sale. The Farm is very highly
improved, and at present in a'state of high cultivation. The
improvements consist In a No. 1 Dwelling, with every con-
venience, and built in the very best manner. It has a No. I
Switzer Barn and Stabling for 10 or 15 horses, all comparxa.
tively new; also, Corn-house, Carriage-dOuse, Pig Sties, and
Hen-house, all complete. It has also two new Log Houses,
intended for overseer's house and quarters for negroes. There
are about S0 acres Rock Creek bottom land of the very best
soil. The timbered land is all oak and hickory, and will cut
40 cords to the acre.-
I will offer a bargain in this Farm and upon easy terms.
Upon a portion of the purchase money I will give from 3 to
7 years. It is in one of the best neighborhoods in Mont-
gomery county, having schools and post office very near, and
is situated about 7 miles from Washington on the Plank Road.
Apply to G. T. MASSEY, Agent,
aug 1-dAc&ptf through the Post Office.
Theatrical Journey Work.
Salt Water Bubbles
The Lost Heiress, Swell Life at Fea
The Pride of Life
Progress and Prejudice
The News Boy, Ac.
All the late numbers of the London Illustrated News, con-
taining the latest news from the seat of war in the East.
Latest Fashion Books and Literary Periodicals
All the latest Newspapers, and every thing belonging to the
Stationery line at
nov 18-tf Corner of Pennsylvania avenue and 41 street
The cheapest, most comfortable, and expeditious route
to the White Sulphur Springs, passing the Alum,
Warm, and Hot Springs.

A RRANGEMENTS having been made with the owners of
the new and splendid steamer GEORGE PAGE to run
between Alexandria and Washington, a distance of six miles,
in connexion with the trains on this and the Washington
Railroads, the following schedule will take effect on and after
Thursday, June 1, 1854:
A Train fromn Alexandria to Gordonsville and intermediate
Stations will leave the Depot, corner of Duke and Henry
streets, at 7 o'clock A. M., on the arrival of the Boat from
Washington, giving ample time for Breakfast on board, ar-
riving at Gordonsville at 10i o'clock, connecting at that place
with the trains on the Virginia Central Railread to Richmond,
Charlottesville, and Staunton.
A Train from Gordonsville to Alexandria and intermediate
Stations will leave Gordonsville at 11 o'clock, on the arrival of
the cars on the Virginia Central Road, arriving at Alexan-
dria at half-past 2 o'clock, thus allowing time to connect with
the trains leaving Washington for the North, and for Dinner
on board the Boat.
A Train from Alexandria to Warrenton and intermediate
stations will leave Alexandria daily (Sunday excepted) at
3 o'clock P. M., arriving at Warrenton at 51 o'clock P. M.
On Sunday will leave at 7 o'clock A. M.
Train from Warrenton to Alexandria and intermediate sta-
tions will leave Warrenton daily (Sunday excepted) at a
quarter before 7 o'clock A. M., arriving at Alexandria at half.
past 9 o'clock A. M.
On Sunday will leave at a quarter-past 12 o'clock P. M.
Through Tickets.
To Warrenton.........................................$2 00
Gordonsville..... ............ ............. 3 50
Charlottesville....................................... 4 25
Staunton.................................................5 90
*Lynchburg .......................................... 7 25
*Luray................................................. 4 25
*New Market......................................... 5 00
M iddlcburg................... ...................... 2 25
*Passengers for Luray and New Market will take the
Train leaving Alexandria at 7 o'clock A. M. on Tuesdays,
Thursday, and Saturdays, connecting with the stages at Cul-
peper C. H.
Passengers for Lynchburg will take the train leaving
Alexandria at 7 o'clock A. M. on Mondays, Wednesdays, and
Friday, connecting with the stages at Charlottesville.
.S Passengers for the White Sulphur Springs will take
the train leaving Alexandria daily connecting with the stages
at Staunton.
Freight Trains are running daily, Sundays excepted.
Per order. W. B. BROCKETT,
may 31-tf Agent.
The ships comprising this line are the following:
The ATLANTIC...........................Capt. West.
The PACIFIC...........-...................Capt. Nye.
The BALTIC............................... Capt. Comstook.
The ADRIATIC...........................Capt. .
EThese ships having been built by contract
-Q~ expressly for Government service, every care
41 B has been taken in their construction, as also
in their engines, to ensure strength and speed; and their ac-
commodations for passengers are unequalled for elegance and
Price of passage from New York to Liverpool in first cabin,
$120 ; in second cabin, $70. Exclusive use of extra-size state-
rooms, $300. From Liverpool to New York, 30 and 20.
An experienced surgeon attached to each ship.
Ne barthe can be secured until paid for.
1854. 1854.
From New York. From Liverpool.
Saturday.........December 9. Wednesday ......December 13.
Saturday.........December 23. Wednesday......December 27.
For freight or passage, apply to
EDWARD K. COLLINS, No. 56 Wall street, New York.
BROWN, SHIPLEY A CO., Liverpool.
STEPHEN KENNARD A CO., 27 Austin Friars, London.
J. MONROE A CO., 25 Rue Notre Dame des Victoires, Paris.
The owners ofthese ships will not be accountable for gold,
silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, precious stones or metals, un-
less bills of lading are signed therefore, and the value thereof
expressed therein. feb I
--. Tlhe Glasgow and New York Steamship
..j Company's powerful new steamships, GLASGOW,
(f1,962 tons and 400 horse-power,) ROBERr
CRAIG, commander; NKw YoaK, (2,400 tons and 500 horse-
power,) are appointed to sail as under, viz:
Saturday, September 23d, at 12 o'clock, noon.
Saturday, August 20h.
First cabin, (saloon state rooms)...................... $90
Do midshipp do..............................75
Sew nd cabin....................... ...........................50
Steward's fee included.
A limited number of third-class passengers will be taken,
supplied with provisions of good quality, properly cooked,
at $25.
Carries a surgeon.
New York city bills or gold only received for passages.
For freight or passage apply to J. McSYMON, 5
aug 12-tf 33 Broadway, New York.

New York, Alexandria, Washingtonand Georgetown
Schr. FAIRFAX -. C. Penfleld, Master.
Do EMPIRE - Rufus Knapp do
Do STATESMAN - J Catholl do
Do WASHINGTON . J. Kendriok do
Do SENATOR . W. Kirby do
Do HAMILTON - A. Dayton do
Do ARLINGTON - hi. Lewis do
Do ARCTIC -.... G---- corge Wilson do
The above packets having resumed their weekly trips, ship.
pers are notified that one of them will positively clear from
ew York on every Saturday, (or oftener if necessary,) and
that this punctuality may be depended upon during the year,
until interrupted by ice.
110 Wall street, New York.
S. SHINN A SON, Alexandria.
mar 41-lv F. A A. H. DODGE, Georgetown.
PFR AMOUNT VERNON Fare, round trip, $1. From Alexandria 7 eoent<.
SThe THOMAS COLLYER wili make two
trips a week, on Tuesdays and Fridays, leav-
ing Washingten at 9 A. M. and Alexandria at
94 o'clock.
Coaches leave the Capitol for the Boat at 8i o'clock A. M.
Coach fare 10 cents. Persons wishing the coaches to call for
them will leave their names with Geo. A Thos. Parker A Co.
refreshments to be had on beard the boat.
oct 30-if SAM'L GEDNEY, Captain.

between Washington and the S.,uih, isa Fredericksburg,
Richmond, Petersburg, Va., Woldon and Wilmington, N. C.,
to Charleston, S. C., and Augusta, Ga., being the only route
over which the Great Southern Mail is carried.-The travel.
ling public is hereby informed that the swift and comfortable
jliinSteamers ,m,
Baltimore and Mount Vernion m
leave the Steamboat wharf, at Washington, daily, at 64 A. M.
and 7j P. M., for Aquia Creek, where a connexion is made
with the trains of the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Poto-
mac Railroad Company, by which passengers are conveyed
directly on to their respective destinations, via Richmond,
The following through tickets can be obtained on board:
To Fredericksburg, Va...............................$3 00
To Junction of Virginia Central Railroad.........4 621
To Richmond, Va.......................................5 S0
To Norfolk, Va..........................................6 00
To Petersburg, Va .....................................6 tO
To W eldon, N. C.........................................7 00
To Wilmington, N. C................................11 00
Fare on the Potomac river as follows:
For each passenger-
To Alexandria 25 cents, and baggage 121 cents.
To Marbury's ....... .....................$1 00
To Quantico, Sandy Point, Ac......................1 50
To Aquia Creek......................................2 00
Meals and State Rooms extra.
For further information apply on board of the boats, or to
mar 30-1y in Washington.