Daily national intelligencer


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Daily national intelligencer
Physical Description:
Gales & Seaton ( Washington City D.C. )
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 2260099
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Full Text


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No. 9490,

DAILY PAPas--110 a year-$I a month for any shorter period.
CouWTra PAP i--$6 a year-S4 for six months.

i *4glf The new, fast, and superior Steamer
.'.. ^ .J ._ OSCEOLA wilt leave Washington
f S -a every Tuesday and Saturday at 9
o'clock A. M. and Alexandria at 10
o'clock. Returning, will leave Norfolk and Portsmouth every
M today and Thursday at 6 o'clock A. M. Passage and fare $6.
She will arrive in time for the Portsmouth and Roanoke railroad
cars. Travellers will find this a pleasant route, with no loss of rest
or change of b ged4e. Padege thio.gh to Weldon 89. Freight
destined for the P ,ruifio.jh and R ,an.ke railroad, Petersburg,.or
Richmond most be pjrtd for at Wdahingion.
Passengers will be taien off or landed at t'e different landings
on the Potoma'. She will top in Ceon Saturday's going and
Monday's returning.
apso 2-eotf JAWES MITCHELL, Master.
M On and afer Monday next, the 1 th
S- instant, the hours of departure of the
steamboat PHENIX will until fur-
Vther notice be as follows, viz.
Leave Alexandria at 8, 10, 21, and 4 o'clock, for Washington.
Leave Washington at 9, 11, 3S, and 6 o'clock, for Alexandria.
L;,"e Ales olria ,or Gi.:orgelun at t Lo')pki..
Ladevd G.urgeluwn fur Alexandrii at I o'&Sk,
apr8 -f J AAME& 9f" Jr. Oa.,tain.
Paasige 121 con's; FPretL as u'al.
The SiesmnbetauOSEPH JOHNSON
CCti-u5dV, to plf betw.6ae Ihe abaive
places, and will, until further notice,
asas depart as follows :
Leave Washington 8, 10, 142, 2j, and 4k.
Leave Alexandria 9, 11, 1j, 38, and 5j.
ap t0O-d IGNATIUS ALLEN. Captain.
k `%URNITURE WAREHOUSE, corner of B and
Seventh street.-LEONARD 0. COOK, grateful for
the patronage of ils friends'and public prior to the calamity which
totally befell him at his old establishment on D street, between
8th and 9th, respectfully gives notice that he has taken the large
Brick Warehouse at the corner of B and Seventh streets, near
the canal bridge, where he will be pleased ,o wait upon his old
Customers and others in want of articles in his line of business.
Since the fire, which deprived me of all my tools and the great-
er part of my stock, it has occasioned a temporary suspension of
business but at this time I am fally prepared to execute any or-
de a which I may be favored with, and at the shortest notice. I
shall always keep a general stock of ready-made furniture on
hand, and of the very best kind, the latest fashions, and of the
very best workmanship, and I will warrant all such work as I
have made. Those in want of furniture are invited to call and
examine before purchasing elsewhere, as I feel confident I can
supply them cheaper than any other establishment in the District;
and 1 hope by strict attention to business to merit a share of pub-
lic patronage.
I have also two Furnitpre Oars for hire. Those in want can
have their furniture hauled with care, as I have two careful dri-
vers; and, in case of injairy or accidents, can have their furni-
ture put in complete order clear of extra changes.
CHANICS.-The attention of the Public is invited to the ex-
tensive Sawing and Turning establishment on the corner of 7th
and B streets, opposite Shepherd's Lumber Yard, where is kept
constantly on hand a large assortment of material suitable for
bed-posts, Newell-posts, banisters, &c. which will be furnished
at prices unusually low. Also, hubs, bonnet and hatters' blocks,
of every pattern and size, made to order; bench screws and
hand-sorewisf a superior quality and different sizes, all of which
are offered at prices equal to the Baltimore prices.
The subscribers will also receive orders for sawing of every de
scripton, warranted superior to any in the District, and much
cheaper than can be performed by hand.
Also, turning in wood or ivory of every description executed
in the neatest style and at prices lower than any other establish
meant in the District.
All those in want of such work are particularly invited to call
and see specimens of work. Orders from the country attended
to with despatch; and we hope by strict attention to business to
merit a share of public patronage
apa2-3taw3m B. J. TAYMAN & CO.
SIDED.-Side No. I being a Hone of a new composi-
tion, which will reduce the Razor, Penknife, or Surgical Instru-
ment to a smooth and keen edge more rapidly and with greater
lirfection than any thing that has before been, offered to the
public, Wherever this instrument is well known it is used to the
exclusion of all others; prices ranging from 50 cents upwards.
Sold for the proprietor by P. TAYLOR, Bookseller.
Those purchasing to sell again will be supplied at the lowest
manufactory prices. june 1
Vf5f 'WJgqF has just received by the ship Philadelphia, from
those unrivalled manufacturers, Messrs James Perry & Co.
London, 2,000 cards of their three-pointed elastic spring and extra
fine Pens. Also, an entirely new article called the curve cut;
large and small barrel Pens, which on trial will he fouid to pos-
sess more of the necessary elasticity for the production of good
writing and expedition titan any other Pens in use. For whole
sale and retail only at Stationer,' Hall.
june 2 W. FISCHER.
ISTOLS,.-Beautifully finished English Pistols, large and
small, Massachusetts Pocket Rifles, six barrel Revolving
Pistols; a variety of each this day opened by F. TAYLOR, for
sale at extremely low prices.
Also, one case large sized Pistols, beautifully finished, for sale
at one half their value. may 2
IAL EW BOOkhS.-This day received by P. TAYLOR-
S Doctor Olin's Travels in Egypt, Arabia Petrea, and the
Holy Land, by the Rev. Stephen Olin, President of the Wesley-
an University, 2 volumes, with engravings. The Home, by Proe-
derika Bremer, a fresh supply. Brando's Encycloptadia, No. 7.
Townsend's Mesmerism. Scott's Infantry Tactics, 3 vols. Down-
ing's Cottage Architecture. Plato's Divine Dialogues, together
w th the Apology of Socrates, translated from the original Greek,
with Dissertations and Notes by Madame Dacier and others, I
volume, London. Botanical Text Book, by Asa Gray, Professor in
Harvard University, I vol. Le Jardin Ides Plautes, illustre, 1 vol.
octavo, Paris, 1842, with several hundred engravings.'
the State Conventions on the adoption of the Federal Con-
stitution, as recommended by the General Convention in 1787 ;
together with' the Journal of that Convention, Luther Martin's
Letter, Yates's Minutes, Congressional Opinions, Virginia and
Kentucky Resolutions, and other illustrations of the Consutitution,
4 volumes octavo, bound, price $7 50, (published at 814.) Four
copies only for sale at that price. F. TAYLOR.
S v ters, and Local Ordinances of Great Britain, Prance, and
Spain, relating to the Concessions of Laud in their respective
Colonies; together with the Laws of Mexico and Texas; with
Judge Johnson's Translation of the Institutes of the Civil Law of
Spain; by the late Joseph M. White, of Florida; 2 large vols.
For sale (a few copies only) by F. TAYLOR, at $10 ; the price
heretofore having been uniformly 817 60. feb 20
EBSTER'S SPEECHES, Third Voliume.-
W Speeches and Forensic Arguments, by Daniel Webster,
vol. 3. Just published (Boston, 1843) and this day received for
sale by P. TAYLOR.
Also, a few sets of vols. 1 and 2. ap 20
ZINE, cheap.-A selection of the best articles from the
Penny Magazines, one large octavo volume of 500 pages, filled
with engravings and neatly bound, price 81 25. Just received
for sale by y. TAYLOR.

TI ES.-A Dictionary of Antiquities, edited by William
Smith, Ph. D., and illustrated by numerous engravings. First
American edition, carefully revised, and containing additional ar-
ticles by Charles Anthon, LL. D. Just published and received
for sale by P. TAYLOR.
Also, The Mayflower, or Sketches of Scenes and Characters
among the descendants of the Pilgrims, by Mrs. Stowe; No 2 of
Harpers'cheap edition of Shakspeare, 25c.; No 2 ot Harpers'
cheap edition of the Family Library, 26c.; No. 7 of Allison's His-
tory, 25c. ap 19
and for sale at Stationers' Hall the official Army and Navy
Register for the year 1843, by order of the Secretaries of War and
Navy, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate and House of
Representatives. mar 22
RV of Macarlay's Critical and Miscellaneous Essays, Har-
pei's edition, price 25 cents, is just published and this day receiv-
ed for sale by
mar27 P. TAYLOR.
H OWITT'S GERMANY-Cheap editlon.- The ru-
ral and domestic life in Germany, by William Howitt,
complete in two volumes, pamphlet, price 50 cents; No. 2 of the
Farmer's Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Rural Affairs, price
25 cents, just received by F. TAYLOR.
PHY.-British Military Biography, comprising the Lives
and Military Operations of the most distinguished Commanders
from Alfred the Great to Wellington, connected by an outline of
the Military History of England throughout the saen period, 1
vol. 1841, 638 pages, price $1 75, imported from London, and
just received for sale by P. TAYLOR.
Also" British Naval Biography and History, from the Times of
Admiral Howard to Codrington, 1 vol. London, 666 pages, price
7I r5.
On Military and Naval Science and Service, and all their va-
rious branches, a very full collection of all the best works will be
found at the Bookstore of the advertiser. It in constantly kept
up by the pureebase in England, Prance, and the United States
of all new works that appear on these subjects, as well as of the
most valuable among the older ones. july 3
SALATRIEL, by Croly, 2 vole. bound. New edition,
large type, price 75 COO,.

The Maill Steamer AoUGUsrA leaving Bradley's Wharf at
6 A M. dailty
11a f- On and after Monday, the 17th instant,
the are by the Steamboat and Rail-
road Line between Washington, D.
C., andt Richmond, Va will be re-
duced to 86 50. Prom Richmond to Petersburg the fare is one dol-
lar only, and from Petersburg to the Roanoke three dollars. No
charge for children three years of age and under; those over
three years and not more than twelve half-price; and colored
persons half-price. No charge on tlhe route for porterage or om-
Excursion parties of twenty or upwards will be taken at redur-
ed rates.
Freight Train leaves the Creek every Wednesday for Rich-
For further information apply to the Captain on board at Brad.
ley's Wharf. july 15-d3m
TRAY HORSE.-Strayed away on the 4th of July, at
night, a Gray Horse, about five years old; long tail, the
front of his head rounding, sway backed, mane and tatl a lighter
gray than his body. I will give five dollars if brought to me, one
square from the Sugar house, Navy Yard.
Corporation of Washington 6 per cents.
Do do 5 do
Bank of Metropolis
United States 6 per cents.
Do 5 do
Apply to
July 1S-3t ,"Ap, oCORCORAN & RIGGS.
SUPERIOR HAVANA CIGAIS.-The subscriber has
Just received, and offers for sale, 10,000 superior Cigars,
" Lacasualidad," at his Wine and Liquor Store, Pennsylvania
avenue, between 6'h and 4J streets, south side.
july 15- 3t JOHN H. BUTHMANN.
FISCHER, Importer and Dealer in Pancy and Staple Sta-
tionery, Drawing Materials, Prepared Parchment, Mathematical
Instruments, Perfumery and Fancy Articles, has this day receiv-
ed by the ship Shakspeare, direct from the unrivalled manufactu
rarers, Messrs. Joseph Rodgers & Sons, a case of their best Cut-
lery, consisting of Congress and other Knives of 4, 3, 2, & 1
blades, in pearl, shell, ivory, stag and buffalo handles; also their
celebrated Wharncliffe Knife, in pearl, ivory and stag handles,
comprising a more extensive assortment than has ever been offer-
ed in the Destrict. Public Institutions or individuals wishing
neat and superior articles, can be suited at Stationers' Hall at
reasonable and uniform prices. First store east of 12 h street,
Pennsylvania avenue. july 17
VUHE BUILDER'S GUIDE, Cheap.-H 11i's Build-
A er's Guide, the most modern and approved methods adopt-
ed by skilful architects in the various departments of Carpentry,
Joinery, Masonry, and Sculpture, embracing all their details, and
particularly adapted to the wants of the less experienced. By
Chester Hills, practical architect. Containing seventy large folio
plates, drawn on a large scale, and giving also a practical treatise
on the several orders of Grecian, Roman, and Gothic style of
building. The whole complete in one large folio volume, news-
paper size, published at 12 dollars. A few copies for sale by F.
TAYLOR, price $5 50. jilly 16
W INES.-Jut received, a supplyof genuine Anchor brand
S Sparkling Champagne, from P. A. Munn & Co.
30 baskets Anchor Champagne Wine
20 boxes fine Claret
10 do do Sauterne
10 do do Old Port
30 dozen Brown Stout, quarts and pints, in superior order
For sale by
july 18-3t [Globel GEO. & THOS. PARKER.
ONSTABLE'S SALE.-Will be exposed at public
C sale on Saturday next, the 22d instant, opposite the Centre
Market, at half past 8 o'clock A. M. the following goods and chat-
tels, viz I Hair-seat Sofa, I pair of mahogany Oard Tables, 1
Mahogany Wardrobe, 2 Brass Fenders, 1 Astral Lamp, 2 pairs
Shovel and Tongs, 23 Chairs, ctne and wood seat; 2 large Gilt
Mirrors, I pair Britannia Spittoons, 2 lots of Carpeting, 2 Hearth
Rugs, 2 pair Brass Andirons, I Wire Fender, I Mahogany Book-
case, 1 Shuck Mattress, 2 Bedsteads, 2 Feather Beds, 3 Mahoga-
ny Bureaus, 2 Washstands, 1 Basin and Ewer, I1 Stair Carpet, I
dozen Brass Stair-rods, 1 piece of Crash, 2 Settees, 1 Clock, 1
Sheetiron Stove, seized and taken as the property of Watren C.
Choate, and sold to satisfy four fieri facias in favor of John D. Bo'e-
Ier, and one fieri facias favor of Charles W. Boteler & Son, is-
sued by Thomas C. Doan, a Justice of the Peace for Washington
county. Terms cash. J >MES A. RADCLIFFE,
july 18-3t Constable.
P ENGINEERS, Vol. S.-Papers on subjects connect-
ed with the duties of the Corps of Royal Engineers, 5th volume,
quarto, with many engravings. Just published, and imported di-
rect from London, by F. TAYLOS, and this day received.
july 18
JUlT RECEIVED, a small lot of choice quality country
S cured Bacon Hams, at the reduced price of 61 cents per
pound. For sale by B. L. JACKSON & BRO fHER.
July 18-3t
ATOLEN from the dwelling of the subscriber on Friday
S evening last a Black Clth Coat, half worn, in the pockets of
which were a silver snuff Lox, gilt inside, and a pair of brass frame
spectacles. A suitable reward will be given for the recovery of
any or all of these articles and conviction of the thief.
july 18-3t Corner of D and 7(h streets.
O)tSE STRAYED.--Strayed from the premises of the
subscriber, on 14th street west, between P and Q streets,
a large bay horse. This horse has white feet, a white spot on his
forehead, and a large tail. He has lost a shoe from his right foot
behind. He was seen near the Colutmbia College on Tuesday-
morning last, 13th instant.
Five Dollars Reward will be paid to any person who will
bring him to the subscriber at the place above named.
june 17-2tif&tf JULIUS KNOP.
SOTICE.-The proprietor of that pleasant retreat, the Cot-
tage, situated in Montgomery county, eight miles north of
Washington city, is prepared to receive boarders for the ensuing
warm season. The school hitherto kept at her house being dis-
pensed with, the establishment offers every inducement to indi-
viduals seeking the quiet retirement and comforts of a sojourn in
the country. july 17-eolw
ITY BATH-HOUSE, Pennsylvania Avenue,
C south side, three doors eastof41 street.-W. G. CHOATE
has opened his establishment for the reception of those who may
wish to patronize him.
He is agent for Riley's Patent Medicated Vapor Bath, which
will be administered only by the direction of a physician.
Also, Cupping, Leeching, and Bleeding punctually attended to.
Mrs. Choate w.ll attend to the Ladies Department.
june 21-eolm

L EE & ESPEY, Cabinet-makers and Underta-
kers, south side of aennsylvania Avenue, be-
tween 4j and 3d streets, respectfully inform the public that they
have again established themselves in their old business, and are
Onow prepared to execute all work in their line with much greater
facility and at cheaper rates than heretofore. They request the
many friends who patronized them previous to the destinuction oT
their property by fire ta call again Every effort will be made to
"lease both in quality and price, and none shall go away dissatis-
'ad with either.
They also have on hand and are daily manufacturing their cele-
brated REFRIGERATORS, both upright and horizontal, which
have so long, and still continue, to challenge a comparison with
any in the market as regards workmanship, durability, utility,
and price.
Should our services be required as UNDERTAKERS in other
than business hours we may be found at our residence nn Mary-
land avenu-, south side, near 6th street. june 23-eoalm

FOR KENT, a commodious two-story brick
House, with a basement, situated on the south side of
F, between 13th and 14th streets. Possession given
immediately. For terms, inquire of .........

june 15-tf

On G, between 13th and 14th streets.

- &ec.-A Dictionary, geographical, statistical, and histori-
cal of the various countries, places, and principal natural objects
in the world ; illustrated with seven extensive and complete maps
on steel, by J. R. McCulloch, Esq. in 2 volumes 8vo. In which
the articles relating to the United States will be re-written and
greatly multiplied and extended and adapted to the present con-
dition of the country and to the wants of its citizens. By Daniel
Haskel, A. M. late President of the University of Vermont. In
18 or 20 numbers at 25 cents each.
Such a work is greatly needed in the United States at the pre-
sent time. The existing Gazetteers are generally old and to a
degree antiquated. Geography is a science which in its own na
ture, beyond most others, is progressive. Changes are constant-
ly taking place in the condition of the world and of its inhabitants;
the various parts of the earth are continually more extensively ex-
plored ; asd to exhibit its changes and the new and valuable in-
formation which is perpetually developed requires new works on
this subject.
The English language has never been adorned by a more valu-
able work of this kind than the new and splendid work of McCul-
loch. The fullness with which each article is written, the clear-
ness of the arrangements throughout, and the vast surface travers-
ed under each head, and in every department of inquiry essential
to the undertaking, contribute to the production of the most lumi-
nous body of information concerning geography, statistics, and
history, and all matters necessary to their elucidation, that has
ever been brought together in a shape so perspicuous and acces-
sible. Such a publication, which can be referred toon the instant
for any subject embraced in its pages, is indispensable to all li-
braries, and must completely supersede every previous attempt
to popularize and reduce within convenient limits these various
classes of information.
The first number of the above isj ust issued from the press and
may be examined at the bookstore of F. TAYLOR. -
The work can travel through the mails at tse rate of magazine
postage only. Orders through the mails (post paid) promptly at-
tended to. june 23
N EW EDITION, with plates, of Griswold's "Poets
L. and Poetry of America," bound in different styles-cloth,
and white, red, and green calf building. For sale at
I 4d# S MOBBlS0N'W,

]M ARSHAL'S SALEa-By authority of a writ of fieri
J facias, No. 66 judicials for the county of Washington, Oc-
tober term, 1821, issued from the Clerk's office of the said county
and to me directed, William A. Bradley, use of Eiias B. Cald
well, against Samuel Eliot, ir., I shall expose to public sale on
Thursday, the 22d day of June instant the following described
lands, lying and being sittqate in the city of Washington, viz:
Lots numbered 9, 10, 11, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, in square No. 2991
all of square numbered 354; lots I and 2, in square numbered
385; lots numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, Io, 11, 12, 13, 14, 156,
16, 17, 18, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72-
73, 74, 75, 76 in square No 387; lots No, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, in square No. 388 ; the whole of square numbered
436 ; the whole of square numbered 473 ; Iota numbered 20, 21,
22, 23, 24, 25, 2, in square numbered 602; lots numbered 27,
28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 41, 44, 45,
46, 47,48, 49, 50, 51,t52, 63, 54, 58,66, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63,
64, 65, 66, 67, and 68, in said square No. 502; lots Nos. 4, 5, 6,
11, 12, 17, 18, 19, and part sf20, in square No. 503; all of square
No. 545; all of square No. 646, except the northwest corner
thereof; all square east of square No. 546, all square No. 547,
all of square east of square 547, all square No. 649, all square
No 596, all square east of square No. 596, all square No. 697 ;
lot No. 9, in square 54; lot No. 1, in square 463; lot No. 1, in
square northwest of square No. 492; south part of square No.
542, north part of said square N). 542; all square No. 563.
Seized and taken in execution as the lands of Saunnel Eliot, jr.
and will be sold to satisfy the above named writ offieri jfacias.
Sale to take place before the Couuty Court-house door, and will
commence at four o'clock P. M.
TENCH R1NGGOLD, Late Marshal
june 3-dtd of the District of Columbia.
r- I he sale if the above named lands and tenement%
is postponed until Thursday, the 9th instant. Sile to commineca
at 10 o'clock A. M. at the County Court-house door.
june 23-dtd of the District of Columbia.
l- Haslng sold a part of the lots and squares named
in the foregoing advertisement, the sale of the remaining lots snd
squares is further postponed until Thursday, the 20th day of July
next, when it will counmence at 10 o'clock A. M.
june 30) Late Marshal of the District of Coluomtia.
MARSHAL'S SALE.-By authority of a writ of fieri
facias, issued from the office of the Clerk of tie Circuit
Court of the District of Columbia for the county of Washington,
to me directed, Daniel Carroll, of Dad lington, Nicholas Young,
and William Brent, use of the United States, against William
Dudley Digges, I shall expose to public sale at the county court-
house door, on Wednesday, the second day of August next, part
of a tract of land called Chillum Castle Manor, lying within the
said districtand county, and beginning for the said part at the in-
tersection of the 29th and 30th outlines of said tract, and run-
ning thence with the 30th and 31st outlines thereof until the 31st
outline intersects the northeastern boundary line of the said Dis-
trict of Columbia; thence with the said bound-ary line 1811
perches ; thence in a straight line to the beginning ; 16 perches ;
and containing 99 15-16 acres of land, more or less. Seized and
taken in exeeu ion as the estate and lands of William Dudley
D gges, and will he sold to satisfy ba ance of Marshal's fees due
on the fieri facial. The debt, interest, and costs have been paid
to the United States. Sale to commence at 4 o'clock P. M.
Late Marshal of the District of Columbia.
july l--dtds
W ARSHlAL'S SALE.- In virtue of -four several writs of
B fieri facias, issued from the Clerk's office of the Circuit
Court of the District of Columbia for the county of Washington,
and to me directed, I shall expose at public sale, for cash, on
Thursday, the 27th of this month, at 10 o'clock A. M. at the pre-
mises of the late Mijor Cary Selden, corner of C and 3d streets,
the following property, viz. I Mahogany Clothes Press and Draw-
ers, I Medicine Chest, with furniture; I Forte Piano, 1 Mahoga-
ny Sideboard, 1 Mahogany Bookcase and Books, 2 Hair-seat So-
fas, 2 dozen Parlor Chairs, 1 English Clock, and I gray Horse.
Also, a quantity of best Household Furniture, with all the kitchen
utensils-seized and levied upon as the property of Cary Selden,
late of said county, and sold to satisfy Judicials No. 21, to March
term, 1843, in favor of Bank of Washington, use of Win. A.
Bradley; Judici'ls No. 131, to November term, 1839, in favor of
Thomas R. Gedney ; Judicials No. 4, to November term, 1843, in
favor of Richard R. Barr, use of John Purdy; and Judicials No.
12, to November term, 1843, in favor of John P. Webb.
july 17-dts Marshal of the District of Clumbia.
I other property in Georgetown and Washington.
Under the authority of a decree of the Circuit Court of the Dis-
trict of Columbia for the county of Washington, passed in a cause
wherein Julianna Williamson and others are complainants, and
George W. Williamson, Adolphus Wiliamson, Joseph M. Wil-
liamson, Ganrett V. H. de Witt and Julianna, his wife, Theos. P.
Scott, and Charles A. Williamson are defendants, the subscriber
will expose to sale at public auction on Monday, the 18ch day of
September next, at 12 o'clock at noon, in front of the premises, the
following ground-rents and property in Georgetown, District of
Columbia, to wit:
I. A rent of 879 50 per annum secured upon 53 feet front, part
of lot No. 22, on High street. The improvements on the lot are
a two story brick house, owned by Mr. John Waters and occupied
by Mr. Richard T. Queen.
2. Rent of 30 secured upon 30 feet front or thereabouts, part of
lot No. 13. Improvements two two-story frame houses belonging
to Mr. Ludeke.
3. Rent of $27 50 secured upon 25 feet front, part of lots Nos.
127 and 128. Improvements, a two-story house and store, partly
brick and partly frame, occupied by Mr. KidwelL
4. Rent of 822 secured upon 22 feet front, other part of same
lots. Improvements, a two-story brick house belonging to D.
Craig's heirs.
5. Rent of $40 50 secured upon 36 feet 9 inches front or there-
abouts, part of the same lots Improvements, a new two-story
frame house belonging to Mr. Kengla.
6. Rent of $51 70 secured upon 47 feet front, part of lot No.
157. Improvements, two three-story brick houses and stores be-
longing to Mr. George A. Bohrer.
7. Rent of $19 80 secured upon 18 feet front, other part of the
last named lot. Improvements, a two-story brick house occupied
by Mrs. Stone.
8. Also other part of lot No. 157, fronting 46 feet, with the frame
tenements thereon, occupied hy Mrs. Crown.
9. Also part of lot No. 19, fronting 25 feet.
All the lots are upon High street and in Beatty & Hawkins's ad-
dition. The rented are payable annually on the 1st of May.
And under authority of the same decree, the subscriber will ex-
pose to sale at public auction, at 4 o'clock in the a ternoon, oi the
same day, in front of the premises, the following real estate in the
city of Washington, namely : .
Lots Nos. 6 and 7, in square No. 291, with the brick houses
thereon, now occupied by Wn. Thomas asa tavern near the new
Terms of sale: One-fifth of the purchase money in cash, and
the residue in two equal payments at six an I twelve months, with
interest from the day of sale. The purchaser's bonds for the re-
sidue will be taken, with a deed of trust at his cost. And a con-
veyance will be executed by the Trustee on the final ratification
of the sale and full payment of the purchase money, also at the
purchaser's expense. If the terms of sale be not complied with
in one week from the day of sale, the property will be resold on
one week's notice at the purchaser's risk.
For further information apply at the office of the subscriber in
july 14-3tawts W. REDIN.
B'FH- E American Hotel having recently undergone extensive
Repairs and alterations, and being enlarged by the addi-
tion of the adjoining building, is again open for the reception of
my friends and the public. Its location is unsurpassed by that
of any similar establishment in the city, being on Broadway,
fronting the Park, and directly opposite the Fountain.
The undersigned respectfully solicits a continuance of patron-
age, assuring all that no pains will be spared to contribute to the
comfort of his guests.
line 19-3Stwlm WILLIAM B. COZZENS
tU8T, between Bladensburg and WashingtSn, a small MO-
ROCCO POCKET-BOOK, much worn, containing 850,
one five dollar note on one of the Banks of Philadelphia, and
five dollars in one and two dollar bills; also, a check given by
Charles H. Carter, in favor of Henry L. Carlton, for ?73 36,
and by him endorsed, the payment of which has been stopped;
and a note of hand given by William G. Beall, in my favor for
$18 87 cents, dated March, 1842, payable on demand; also due
bill for 82 43, given by Benedict Yost in my favor.
The finder will be liberally rewarded by leaving the same at
this office. GEO. W. TAYLOR,
june 30-eo6t Bladensburg, Maryland.
A' works (among many others on hand on the same subjectas
are lately received, for sale by F. TAYLOR, many of them im-
ported direct from London:
Sproule's Agriculture, 1 volume, London, 1843; Youatt on the
Horse, 1 vol. London, 1843 ; Bainbridge's Guide to the Conser-
vatory, Hot house, and Green-house, 1vol. London, 1842; Bevan
on the Honey Bee, 1 vol. 1843; Weeks's Bee Manual, and seve-
ral other works, both English and American, on this subject;
Squarrey's Agricultural Chemistry; also, Liebig's, Johnson's, Sir
Humphrey Davy's, and others ; Hog on the Carnation; Main on
Domestic Poultry; Johnson on Manures and Fertilizers, 1 vol
London; Donaldson on Manures, on Grasses, and on Farming
generally, I vol. London ; Mahienberg on Grasses; Vaux on
Til ing and Fertilizing Land, I vol. London ; Cattle, their Breeds,
Matragement, and Diseases, by the British Society ; Calcareous
Manures, by Edmund Ruffin, of Virginia; American Flower Gar-
den Directory, by Buist; Lorain's Practical Husbandry; Jesse
Buel's Farmer's Companion ; British Husbandry, I vol. published
by the British Society ; The Complete Grazier, I volume octavo,
London ; Outlines of Flemish Husbandry and Reports ef Select
Farms, 1 volume, London; Hayward's Horticulture; The Fruit,
Flower, and Kitchen Garden, by P. Neill; Practical Gardener
end Modern Horticulturist, by Mclntosh; Botanical Text Book,

by Ass Gray, 1 vol. New York, 1842 ; and numerous other valu-
able works on Husbandry, in all its various branches. (List to be
London's Encyclopedias of Gardening and Agriculture, for sale
at $9 60 each, (a few copies only,) the usual price being $15.
June 8
painted on ivory by Dodge, 1842, and engraved by Dan,
forth, New York, 1843. Afew copies this day received for sal
by F. TAYLOR, price 8$2, beautifully engraved in a decorative
frame, embodying views of the Hermitage, the Capitol, &c.
is said to be te beat likens elxtat, ap ? I

IMPROVEMENT in whatever regards the happiness and
welfare of our race is constantly on thire march to perfection,
and with each succeeding day some new problem is solved or
some profound secretrevealed, having an importantand direct bear-
ing over man's highest destinies. If we tike a retrospective view
over the past twenty years, how is thie mind struck with wouderl
What rapid strides has scien e made in every departmentof civil-
ized life, particularly in that which relates to thire knowledge of tire
bumion system in health and disease! How valuable and indis-
pensable are the curative means recently discovered through the
agency of chemistry How does the imagination kindle and our
admiration glow at the ingenuity, the near approach to the stand-
ard of perfection of the present time I Through the elaborate
investigations of Physiology, or the science of life, and the pa-
thiology of prevalent diseases, much valuable practical knowledge
has ben gained. In consequence of becoming acquainted with
the organization, the elements of the various tissues and struc-
tures of the system, remedies have been sought after and discov-
ered exactly adapted t) combine with, neutralize, and expel mor-
bific niatter, the cause of disease u, and substitute healthy action in
its place. The beautiful simplicity of this mode of treatment is
not only suggested by the pathology of diseases, not only grateful
to the sufferer, but perfectly in consonance with the operations of
nature, and satisfactory to the views and reasoning of every in
telligent reflecting mind It is thus that Sands's Sarsaparilla, a
scientific combination of essential principles of the most valuable
vegetable substances, operates upon the system. The Sarsapa-
rilla is combined with the most effectual aids, the most salutary
productions, the most potent simples of the vegetable kingdom;
and its unprecedented success in the restoration to health of
those who had long pined under the most distressing chronic
Luoaldies, ha-. given itan exalted character, furnishing as it does
a, lence .." i ts own intrinsic value, and recommending it to the
afflicted iu terms the afflicted only can know. It has long been
a most important desideratuom in the practice of medicine to obtain
a remedy similar to this-one that would act on the liver, sto-
mach, and bowels with all the precision and potency of mineral
preparations, yet without asny of tfeir deleterious effects upon the
vital powers of the system.

The attention of the reader is respectfully called to the follow-
ing certificates. However great achievements have heretofore
been made by the use of this invaluable medicine, yet daily ex-
perience shows results still more remarkable. The proprietors here
avail themselves of the opportunity of saying it is a source of
constant satisfaction that they are made the means of relieving
such an amount'of suffering.
NEwARK, N J. DECEMBER 13, 1842.
Messrs. Sands: Gentlemen : Words cannot expressed the
gratitude I feel for your treatment to me, a stranger, suffering
under one of the mout loathsome diseases that nature is capable of
bearing. The disease with which I was afflicted commenced with
inflammation of the eyes, in the year 1836, which caused almost
total blindness. For this I was treated and finally, relieved, but
the remedies were such as to cause the developmentof a scrofu-
lous affection on my left arm near the elbow.
The pain extended from the shoulder to Ahe end of my fingers,
and for two years my sufferings were beyond description. I tried
various remedies and consulted different physicians in New York.
and amongst them the late Doctor Bishe, who told me the disease
of the arm was caused by the large quantity of mercury taken to
cure the inflammation of my eyes.
My sufferings continued, the arm enlarged, tumors formed In
different places, and in a few mouths discharged, making ten
running ulcers at one time; some above and some below the
elbow, and the discharge was so offensive that no person could
bear to be in the room where I was. I then applied to another
distinguished physician, who told me amputation of the arm was
the only thing that could save my life, as it was impossible to
cure so dreadful a disease ; but, as 1 was unwilling to consent to
it, he recommended me to use Swaim's Panacea freely, which I
did without deriving but little benefit. For three years I was
unable to raise my hand to my head or comb my hair; and the
scrofula now made its appearance on my head, destroying the
bone in different places, causing extensive ulcerations, and I fear-
ed it might reach and destroy the brain; the head swelled very
much, accompanied with violent pain : numerous external reme-
dies were recommended, but they did no good. About a year
since I was taken severely ill with a swelling of the body from
head to foot, so that I was entirely helpless. The doctor advised
me to go to the hospital, for he did not understand my case. For
the last few months 1 had been afflicted with a severe pain in
both sides, at times so bard I could scarcely get my breath. A
hacking cough constantly annoyed me, and this, combined with
other maladies, rendered ire truly miserable. Such, gentlemen,
had been my situation for seven years of my life, when I com-
menced the use ef your Sarsaparilla ; but as my cas was con-
sidered hopeless, and the near prospect of a speedy dissolution
seemed inevitable, 1 felt but little encouragement to persevere.
The persuasion of friends induced me to try your medicine,
which in a few days produced a great change in my system gen-
erally by causing an appetite, relieving the pains, and giving me
strength. As success inspires confidence, I was encouraged to
persevere. My pains grew easier, my strength returned, food
relished, the ulders healed, new flesh formed, and I once more
felt'within me that I might get well. I have now used the Sar-
saparilla about two months and am like a different being. The
arm that was to be amputated has entirely healed-a thing that
seemed impossible. I can scarcely believe the evidence of my
own eyes, but such is the fact; and it is now as useful as at any
period of my life, and my general health is better than it has
been for years past.
Health I what magic in the word, how many thousands have
sought it .in foreign lands and sunny climes, and have sought in
vain! Yet it came to me when I haid given up to die; and as I
feel the pulsations of health coursing through my veins, my whole
heart and soul go forth in fervent gratitude to the Author of all
our sure mercies that he has been graciously pleased to bless the
means made use of. Truly have you proved yourself the good
Samaritan to the afflicted; for next to my Creator my life is in-
debted to you, or rather the use of your invaluable Sarsaparilla.
The value of such a medicine is countless beyond price-money
cannot pay for it. I have been raised from death, I may say, for
my friends and myself thought it imp ssible I could recover.
And now, gentlemen, suffer me to add another proof, certified,
too, by my friends and guardians, as a just acknowledgment of
the virtues of your health-restoring Sarsaparilla. That the af
flicted may also use it, and enjoy the benefits it alone can confer,
is the heartfelt, fervent wish of their and your friend,

I know Martha Conlin, and believe what she states in this do-
cument to be perfectly true. JOHN POWER,
Vicar General of New York, Rector of St. Peter's Church.
Given, at New Yoik, this 14th day of December, 1842.

I know Martha Conlin, and have known of her suffering illness.
f JOHN DUBOIS, Bishop of New York.

1 place full confidence in the statement made by Martha Con
lin, having known her the past twenty years. I will cheerfully
give any particulars in relation to her case to those who may wish
further information. Sr. ELIZABETH,
Superior of the Roman Catholic Orphan Asylum, Prince street,
N. Y., December 14, 1842.

I have confidence in the representations made by Martha Con-
lin, and have fall knowledge of her case.
Dec. 14, 1842. Alderman 10th Ward of the city of New York.

Martha Conlin has lived in my family the last thirteen years,
and I hereby certify the foregoing statement made by herself is
correct. MARY B. LLOY D),
No. 604, Broad at., Newark, N. J.

Read the following from Mrs. William Phillips, who has long
resided at the Falls. The facts are well known to all the old re-
sidents in that part of the city :
Messrs A. B. Sands & Co.: Sirs : Most gratefully do I em-
brace this opportunity for stating to you the great relief I obtained
from the use of your Sarsaparilla. I shall also be happy, through
you, to publish to all who are afflicted, as I lately was, the account
of my unexpected, and even for a long while despaired of, cure.
Mine is a painful story; and trying aid sickening as is the narra-
tive of it, for the sake of many who may be so surely relieved, 1
will briefly yet accurately state it.
Nineteen years ago last April a fit of sickness left me with an
erysipelas eruption. Dropsical collections immediately took place
over the entire surface of my body, causing such an enlargement
that it was necesr ry to aud a half yard to the size of my dresses
around the waist. Next followed upon my limbs ulcers, painful
beyond description. For years, both in summer and winter, the
only mitigation of my suffering was found in pouring upon those
parts cold water. Prom my limbs the pain extended over my
whole body. There was literally for me no rest by day or by
night. Upon lying down these pains would shoot through my sys-
tem and compel me to arise, and for hours together walk the
house, so that 1 was almost entirely deprived of sleep. During
this time the erysipelas continued active and the ulcers enlarged,
and so deeply have these eaten, that for two and a half years they
have been subject tobleeding. During these sanost twenty years
1 have consulted many physicians. These have called my dis-
ease-as it was attended with an obstinate cough, and a steady
and active pain in my side-a dropsical consumption; and though
they have been skilful practitioners, they were not able to afford
my case only partial relief. I had many other difficulties, too
complicated to describe. I have also used many of the medicines
that have been recommended as infallible cures for this disease,
yet these all failed, and I was most emphatically growing worse.
In this critical condition, given up by friends, and expecting for
myself relief only in death, I was, hy the timely ioterposition of
a kind Providence, furnished with your to me invaluable Sarsa-
parilla. A single bottle gave me an assurance of health, which
for twenty years I had not once felt. Upon taking the second
bottle my enlargement diminished, and in twelve days from the
8th of October, when I commenced taking your Sarsaparilla, I
was able to enioy sleep undressed by night, as refreshing as any

lever enjoyed when in perfect health. Besides, I was in this
short time relieved from all those excruciating and unailevisted
pains that had afflicted my days, as well as robbed me of my
nights' repose. The ulcers upon my limbs are healed, the ery-
sipelas cured, and my size reduced nearly to my former measure.
Thus much do I feel it a privilege to testify to the efficacy of
your health-restoring Sarsaparilla. A thousand thanks, sirs, from
one whose comfort and whose hope of future health are due, un-
der God, to your instrumentality. And may the same Providence
that directed me to your aid make you the happy and honored in-
struments of blessing others as diseased end despairing as your
imuch relievedt and very grateful friend.

New London, Co. ss. Norwich, Nov. 4,1842. -
Personally appeared the above-named Asenath M. Phillips, and
made oath to the facts contained in the foregoing statement before
Justice of the Peace.
Being personally acquainted with Mrs. Phillips, I certify that
the above asserted facts are substantially true.
Minister of the Gospel at Norwich, Conn.
Prepared and sold, wholesale an I retail, and for exportation,
by A. B. SANDS & Co. Druggists and Chemists, Granite Build-
ings, No. 273 Broadway, coiner of Chambers street, New York.
Authorized agent for the Proprietors in Washington, Robert
Farnham; in Alexandria, D. C, Wmin. Stabler & Co.; in Rich-
mond, Va. A. Duval & Co.; in Norfolk, M. A. Santos ; in Charles.
ton, S. C., Haviland, Harrall & Allen; in Mobile, Mosely & Co.;
in New Orleans, Sickles & Co.; in Baltimore, J. A. Reed, corner
Gay and Saratoga streets ; in Philadelphia, S. P. Thompson, cor-
ner of Walnut and Fifth streets; in Boston, Smith & Fowls, 138
Washington street; and sold by Druggists generally in the differ-
ent citiesand towns in the Un'ed States.
Price $1 per bottle, or six bottles for $5.
111 CAUTION.-Purchasers are respectfully requested to re-
member that it is SAmDS'S SARSAPARILLA that has effected these
remarkable cures. Therefore ask particularly for Sands's, and
take no other, as there are various preparations hearing similar
names. dec 30-eoly
-I OTICN.-The partnership heretofore existing between
S the subscribers, under the firm of WALTER CLARKE & SoonS,
is this day dissolved by mutual consent. Those indebted t) the
firm, or to Walter Clarke, o to the old firm of Walter & George
B. Clarke, will make pa) meat to either of the subscribers.
July 17, 1843. GEORGE B. CLARKE.
The buieluess will be conducted for tihe future by Walter
Clarke and Walter M. Clarke, under the firm of Walter Clarke
july 17-3t WALTER M. CLARKE.
Pathological and Surgical Observations, by Sir B. C. Bro-
die, Surgeon to the King ; 1 vol. reprinted from the fourth Lon-
don edition. Numerous Cases of Surgical Operations without
pain in the Mesmeric State; by John Elliotson, M. D F. R. S.
The American Journal of Medical Sciences fo>r July, 1843. All
just published and this day received for sale by
Also, Pereira's Materia Medica and Therapeutics; Brodie's
Diseases of the Urinary Organs; Berzelius on the Kidneys ;
Maury's Dental Surgery; Bartlett on Typhoid and Typhus Fe-
ver; Wilson's Human Anatomy, by Goddard; Hope on the
Heart, by Pennock; Mullet's Physiology; Lawrence on Rup-
tures; Lawrence on the Eye, by Hays ; Walche on Diseases of
the Lungs ; Fergusson's Practical Surgery, by Norris; Wilson
on Diseases of the Skin; Ramsbothiam s Process of Parturition.
And many other late works on Medicine and Surgery, all for sale
at the lowest Northern prices.
Also, a few of the latest English works on the same subject,
just imported from London, of which the list will be given in a sub-
sequent advertisement. july 14
SFOR RENT, the new and elegant residence of the
late Capt. E. Hanly, corner of G and 20th streets. Pos-
session may be had in a few days. Terms will be mo-
derate. Persons desiriog to rent will apply to Samuel Redfcrn,
near the Seven Buildings. july 10-eo2w
t Britlsh.-A set of the above valuable work, complete
from January, 1837, up to December, 1842, for sale at a very low
price. Just received by
july 13 FP. TAYLOR.
SEW MUSIC.-Just received the following pieces of New
S Music, at the old established store two doors east of 12th
street, Pennsylvania avenue. W. FISCHER.
Pretty blue star, by John Blockley; Thie snow storm, by L.
Heath; Laud ho! words by G. P. Morris, Esq. music by H. Rus-
sell ; Song of a Norman sailor, by A. Nourrit; The mother's fare-
well, written by C. Jeffreys; Pretty bird, oh sing to me, by John
Paddon ; Come dwell with me, by C. Czerney ; Launch thy bark
mariner, by E. J. Fitch ; The heart, the heart, oh let it be by
Grobe ; Dark day of horror, duett in the celebrated opera of
Semirarmide, by Rossini; At length a brillimt ray, sung by Miss
Adelaide Kemble in Semirasoide, by Rossini; Prayer, sutng by
Miss Adelaide Kemble, iu Semiramide ; I would I were a fairy,
by E. J. I'. eilson; Friendship, love, and truth, by J. Gomer; The
mother and tier dying boy, by C. H. Levering; King Alcohol,
comic Temperance glee; La jolie fille de gaud waltz, by A. Adan;
Andalusia waltz, by J. C. Viereck; La sympathie waltz, by W.
H. Wallace ; The golden drop waltz, by W. Hopkins; Mary
waltz, by G. Blessner ; Cleaveland waltz, by J. Long; j olian
waltz, by G. C. Howard; Lesjolies espagnoles, three waltzes, by
J. S. Davis ; Colonel N. A. Thompson's quick step; Laginsky's
quick step, by R. Breiter; Old Dan Tucker quick step; Virginia
quick step, in which are introduced the popular airs ucy Long
and Old Dan Tucker; Lee Papillous, a collection of waltzes, &c.;
Narrhalia polka, by J. Staab; Galop infernal, by J. Gregior; Long
time ago, a rondo, by C. Czerney; Three favorite waltzes arrang-
ed as deetts, by J. Thalberg.
The following waltzes, by Strauss, arranged for the guitar:
Bayadere, Gabriel, Elizabeth, Iris, Rosa, Philomel, and Rhine.
july 11
pleted in eight numbers, with Notes and numerous etch-
ings on steel ; price 25 cents per number. The first number is
just published, and this day received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, No. 5 Brande's Encyclopedia of Arts, &c. ap 4
EREIRA'S Materia Medica and Therapeutics.
2 roles. Just published and received for sale by
Also, No. 3 of Chuzzlewit, and No. 4 of Encyclopedia of Geo-
graphy. ap 10
ARBLE YARD.-The subscriber informs the citizens
cf Washington and the public in general that he has re-
ceived a splendid assortment of Marble Mantels from the steam
establishment of Mr. Levi Taylor, Baltimore, which can be seen
at his warerooms opposite the Treasury building, on 15th street,
varying in price from $20 to $75 and upwards. Master builders
and others disposed to purchase are requested to give him a call
and judge for themselves. He will also furnish monuments,
grave stones, table tops, marble tileing, door and window sills,
lintels, steps and platforms, and any other cut-stone work that
may be called for, at the shortest notice and on the most reason-
able and accommodating terms. He will attend likewise to re-
pairing and cleaning of mantels and mantel ornaments of every
description and table tops in the neatest manner. He will sot up
grates with soap-stone or fire-brick ; and he flatters himself that,
from his long experience in his profession at the public buildings,
&c. for nearly twenty-six years past, he will receive a share of
public patronage.
A boy about I5 years of age, of good character, wanted as an
In the Circuit Superior Court ot Law and Chancery
for Fauquler County.
The Bank of the United States in Pennsylvania vs. John B.
Steinberger and others.
H E parties complainant and defendant in the said cause are
hereby notified that on Monday, the 31st day of July, 1843,
at tha office of Samuel D. King, a Justice of the Peace in the city
of Washington, ont P street, on Ith.,ir.,t ,. the 3d day of August
ensuing, at the Union Bank of Maryland, in the city of Baltimore;
and on Monday, the 7th day of the same month, (August,) at the
office efJ. Brice Smith, attorney at law, Wall street, New York,l
shall take the depositions of sundry witnesses, to be offered in
evidence on imy behalf, as a petitioning ci editor of said John B.
Steinberger in said cause.
july 8-tAug7 W. W. CORCORAN.
A C4tRD.-The following card was published in March last,
and is now republished for the accommodation of those who
neglected attending to it:
The undersigned respectfully but most earnestly requests all
persons indebted to him prior to 1843 to call at his store before the
5th day of next month, (June,) as he will be constrained to place
all debts, without distinction, then outstanding in the hands of an
officer for collection, a prompt settlement of them being indis-
pensable. W. FISCHER.
V VALUABLE FARM FOR SALE.-For sale at a very
reduced price and on liberal credits, a portion of the estate
known as the 'Long Meadows," distant from the Capitol about
If mile.
This farm consists of about 198 acres, of which about 20 acres
are covered by a fine growth of young wood, 120 acres are arable
and now under cultivation, and about 58 acres of low ground of un-
surpassed richness, which may be perfectly reclaimed at a sma'l
expense. This property was formerly owned by Commodore De-
catur, Cominodote Rogers, and Col. Bomford, and was then esti-
mated to be worth $100 per acre.
The road from the Toinpike gate to Mrs. Benning's bridge
forms the southern boundary of this property. Foer terms apply to
General Agents, 6th street, Gadsby's Hotel; or to
Mr. Young on the premises.
P. S. The growing crop will be sold with the land and possession
given immediately. There ase two comfortable tenements on the
property, which is all well enclosed with substantial post and rail
fence. may 23-d3tw6t
recently received for sale a novel Inkstand, called the gra-
vitating, patented by Messrs. James Perry & Co., London, which,
to be appreciated, must be seen. mar29
L'OR SALE OR RENT, that large and commodious
5 House on New Jersey avenue, lately occupied by James
Young, Esq., next to the Engine House on Capitol Hill, will be
sold or rented on application to James Adams, at thg Bank of

Washington. The premises may be examined at any time; the
key for that purpose is left at Mr. Adams's, next door.
A great bargain may be had in the purchase of this property.
june 30-3taw3w
and the Antiquities of Central America. A new supply just
receivedd by F. TAYLOR.

H OME, by Frederika Bremer, author of "The Neighbors,"
translated by Mary Howitt, just published (cheap edition in
hook form) and this day received, price 15 cents, and for sale by
Also, Lady Sale's Journal of the Disasters of the British Army
is Affghanislant, complete in book form for 15 cente, may 19

Mr. COLLINS would most respectfully annomue to the c it-
zens of Washington and vicinity that he has rested the large,
airy, and commodious three-story brick building in Leno-'s row,
corner of E and 10th streets, in which he will open a school lor
the instruction of youth of both sexes on Monday, ITBhe 17th instant.
He trusts from his long experience as a teacher of youth In many
of the most respectable institutions of this country, that he will
give entire satisfaction to those who may honor thium ith their pa-
tronage. He assures the citizens that he will not in the least in-
terfere or tamper with the opinion of any pupils entrusted to his
charge in a sectarian point of view; nor allow them to use harsh
or austere language towards each other on any exciting topics.
He would also most humbly suggest the co operation of pare nts to
assist him to undergo his arduous and responsible duties, ,
Having taught in this city nine months, he has had the morti-
fication, in a school of eighty scholars, to experience to some ex-
tent the apathy of parents. He has given up the rooms In St.
Matthew's Church, in order that he may be more limited In his
numbers, as well as better suited in the attainments of the
In this building there are several small rooms, which small be
appropriated exclusively to the use of the large and more *4-
vanced scholars ; and recitations shall be therein altogether at-
tended to.
The Classical department shall be separate and distinct from
the English ; aud Mrs. CouLLits will render him all the asistance
necessary to conduct the school, as far as the young misses are
concerned. Should circumstances admit, he will engage a Teach-
er to instruct in the French and Spanish languages, with which
he is already pretty well acquainted, bat not sifficiently so to
warrant bim to eay that he ceangives correct national pronuuCris.
tia. Asa isgrdL. ith* Greek and Latin, he stands ready for any
criticism InltheseeIe iters himself tobe well versed, and oem-
patent to prepare the students under his charge to enter the senior
classes ip any of our colleges.
In ad-iltion to all these things, his family will occupy a par t of
the house as'their residence, and will have a constant ee*on
the pupils.
As to the discipline of the school it shall be mild and paternal;
no corporal punishment in any ease inflicted, though he regrets to
say that he was necessitated to have recourse to it in the bibraer
school ; yet the indulgent public will pardon this, as it wM una-
voidable for many considerations. But now, owing to his being
on the spot, mild persuasion and close confinement in one ot' his
rooms shall be the means of restoring the froward pupil to a sense
of duty.
Gentlemen and ladies desirous of patronizing this sheol are
referred to those honorable names which appeared in the Na-
tional Intelligencer of November, 1842, as well as to many now
in my possession.
The terms of this school are as follows
Greek, Latin, French, Mathematics, &c. $10 00
Arithmetic, English Grammar, Glpgraphy, &o. 6 00
Incipient studies, 5- 4 60
per quarter of twelve weeks.
In addition to the above charge, each pupil will pay one dollar
on entrance for the annual contingent expenses, and fifty cents
per quarter for pens and ink. No student admitted for a shorter
time than twelve weeks, unless expressly named at the time of
entrance. Payments made in all cases half-quarterly in advance.
Hours of attendance as follows: 8 A. M. to 12, and 1 to 5 P.
M july 12-S3taw2w

Jwa 30, 1843.
SEALED PROPOSALS will be received at this Bureau
until 3 o'clock P. M. of the 3lst July ensuing, for furnishing
and delivering, in the proportions and at the places herein de-
signated, the following number and description of eannon for the
naval service of the United States, viz:
Thirty eight-inch Paixhan guns, of about 63 cwt. each, and
seventy thirty-two pounder guns, of about 41 cwt. each, deli-
verable as follows :
At Sackett's Harbor, N. Y. on or before the 1st December next.
10 eight-inch Paixhan guns
26 thirty-two pounder guns.
At Bufalo, New York, on or before the lst December next.
10 eight-inch Paixhan guns
20 thirty-two pounder guns.
At Erie, Pennsylvania, on or beforethe let Deaember next.
10 eight-inch Paixhan gnns
25 thirty-two pounder guns.
The proposals must state distinctly the rate per ton, of twenty-
two hundred and forty pounds, deliverable as above, to he sub-
jact to, and undergo such proof and inspection as this Bureau
may deem proper to authorize and none will be paid for that
hall not pass such inspection as may be entirely satisfantomy.
Bonds with two approved sureties will be required in one-third
,he estimated amount of the contract, and ten per centium of the
Amount of all bills will be retained as collateral security for the
faithful performance thereof, which will be paid only on the sa-
tisfactory completion of the contract; and ninety per ceaptm of
ill deliveries will be paid on all bills, properly authenticated ac-
cording to the provisions of the contract, within thirty days after
their presentation to the Navy Agent.
The offers muat be endorsed "Offers to furnish Ordnance on
the Northern Lakes," and state at what agency payment will be
Drawings of the guns will be furnished the successful bidder
by this Bureau, and they must be c ast and finished to conform to
hem in every respect. No hot-blast metal to be used.
f:' To be published three times a week in the Madisonian,
aIntelligencer, and Globe, Washington city ; Enquirer, Richmond,
Virginia; Sun and the Republican, Baltimore, Maryland ; Cin-
cinnati Republican, Ohio; Daily Morning Post, Pittsburg, Penn-
3ylvania; Aurora and Union, New York; Morning Post and Daily
rimes, Boston. july l-eold
TanAsuRY DxPARTMIzT, JULY 3, 1843.
OTICE to applicants for renewal of lost Certifi-
cates of Stock, or for payment of lost Treasury
drafts or Treasury notes.-Prom the imperfect form in
which applications are frequently presented at this Department
1br renewal of certificates of stock or payment of Treasury drafts
or Treasury notes, lost or destroyed, it is deemed proper to in-
form those whom it may concern, that the Department expects
avery such application to be accompanied by the following docu-
I. A statement, on oath or affirmation, by the applicant, show-
ing the time, place, and all other circumstances attending the loss
or destruction of the certificate, draft, or note, with its letter, num-
ber, date, amount, the rate of interest it bears; the time to which
interest, if any, has been paid ; in whose favor it was issued ;
when made payable; together with every other particular relat-
ing to it, within the knowledge of the applicant.
2. An instrument in writing, to be signed by the applicant, with
two sureties, reciting the particulars hereinbefore specified, by
which such applicant and his sureties shall jointly and severally
agree to pay to any person who may establish a valid claim to the
ce tificate, draft, or note so alleged to have been lost or destwy-
ed, the full value thereof on demand, with interest until paid;
and also, to pay to the United States any sum which shall appear
to have been erreneously paid to such claimant pursuant to the
said application, with interest until paid. Such instrument is to
be executed in the presence of a Judge or District Attorney of the
United States, or a Judge of a Supreme or Superior Court of any
State, by whom the sufficiency of the sureties, in double the amount
claimed, must be certified.
3. A copy of a public advertisement of the loss or destruction
of the certificate, draft, or note, made by the party in a newspaper
published at or near the place of such loss or destruction, accom-
panied by the affidavit of the printer or publisher of the same that
the said advertisement had been inserted in the said paper for six
consecutive weeks. J. C. SPENCER,
july 12-3taw6w Secretary ofthe Treasury.
EW AND CHEAP DRY GOODS.-The subscriber
N has this day received-
Handsome Lawns, Balzarines, French and English Chintzes
Calicoes, Cambric Muslins, checked and striped Cambrics
Book and Swiss Muslins, Irish Linens, Sheetings
Table Diaper, Towelling, cheap Cotton Hosiery
Cotton and Thread Gloves, I ongcloth Shirtings
And Domestic Goods of every description, with a general as-
sortment goods for Men's, Boys', and Servants' wear: all of
which will be offered at unusually low prices, and to which he
invites the attention of purchasers.
uly 12-3taw2w R. C. WASHINGTON.
HEAP BOOKS.--F. TAYLOR has on hand a large
and valuable collection of Books in every branch of Litera-
ture, Science, and Art, Law, Medicine and Surgery, Theology,
History, Botany and Agriculture, Classical Literature and Trans-
lations, Poetry and the Drama, Geology and Mineralogy, Chem-
istry, Mathematics, and all other of the Practical Sciences,
which ho offers for sale at extremely low prices-many of them at:
cost, some of them at less than cost, snd in every case at the low-
est price at which the same can be purchased in any of the North-
ern cities.
Purchasers ordering from a distance may rely on finding thia
to be the case. The advertiser purchases little from the North-
ern booksellers, but chiefly at the trade sales, (wholesale auc-
tions,) where they lay in their supplies, and at tie same prices
with them. He is able, therefore, to sell at as small an advance
as any bookseller any where in the United States, and willing to
do so. This is known to all those who have taken the trouble to
ascertain the fact.
Foreign editions he imports direct from London and Paris,
buying them for cash in advance in those cities, and they are not
sold for lower prices any where in the United States than in his
A good collection of French books will bh found with the ad-
vertiser, to which additions are constantly made. Also, a few of
the best authors in the Spanish, Italian, and German languages,
with the best books of instruction in each, while on the subjects
of History, Naval and Military Science and Service, Geology and
Mineralogy, Currency, Finance, -and Legislation, and on Engi-
neering, Architecture, and Mechanics, in all their various brsnch-
es, as good collections are probably not for sale in the United States
as those which may be found at his store.
Orders from a distance, it may be relied upon, will be promptly
attended to, and upon the same terms as if the purchaser were

upon the spot.
Books, Stationery, and Periodicals, or any thing elso, imported
to order from London and Paris. July 12-ep
wi ICKLIFE, Poslmaster General, from a paint-
ing by Bingham, for sale by F. TAYLOR. Price, one dollar.
ZINE, containing all the best articles of the English Ma-
gazines end Reviews, is published in monthly numbers, of a large
size, for fiye dollars per annum. The work may be examined
and subscribed for at the bookstore of
ap?- f ?TAYUiQl,

sawLIfIII II 1 lI

i I

We are under the most imperious obligation to counteract
NT IONAL IN TL iG N R every tendency to disunion. The strongest of all cements is
NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. undoubtedly the wisdom, justice, and, above all, the modera-
tion of this. House; yet the great subject on which we are
POLITICAL HISTORY. now deliberating, in this respect, deserves the most serious
__ consideration. Whatever (said Mr. C.) impedes the inter-
MR. CALHOUN'S SPEECHES-CONTINUED. course of the extremes with this the centre of the Republic,
-- weakens the Union. The more enlarged the sphere of com-
We present to our readers another of the speeches mercial circulation, the more extended that of social inter-
of Mr. CALHOUN which his friends have thought it curse, the more strongly are we bound together, the more
fit and proper to omit in the publication of a volume inseparable are our destinies. Those who understand the
fit ad properhuman heart best know how powerfully distance tends to
of speeches intended to apprize the world of the bjeak the sympathies of our nature. Nothing-not even dis-
opinions which that distinguished citizen has pro- similarity of language-tends more to estrange man from
fessed whilst in public life. The following speech man. LET US THEN BIND THE REPUBLIC TO-
is the last sample which we shall select of the nu- GEI'HER WITH A PERFECT SYSTEM OF
imerous able speeches of that period of Mr. CAL- ROADS AND CANALS. LET Us corNCUR epAG,. It is
thus the most distant parts of the Republic will be brought
HOUN's life, of the existence of which his present within a few days' travel of the centre: it is thus that a citi-
political friends and supporters would willingly keep zen of the West will read the news of Boston still moist
the Democracy" whom they are courting in pro- from the press. The mail and the press, said he, are the
nerves of the body politic: by them the slightest impression
found ignorance: made on the most remote parts is communicated to the whole
FROM THE NATIONAL iNTELLIOiNCER OF FEBRUARY 22,1817. system; and the more perfect the means of transportation
the more rapid and true the vibration. To aid us in this
Debate on Pledging the Fund for Internal Im- great work to maintain the integrity of this Republic, we
provement. inhabit a country presenting the most admirable advantages.
HousiU or RaIePRESENTATIVES, FsBaSuAUR 4, 1817. Belted around as it is by lakes and oceans, intersected in
The House having resolved itself into a Committee of the every direction by bays and river%, the hand of industry and
Whole (Mr. SMITH, of Maryland, in the chair) on the bill art is tempted to improvement. So situated, said he, blessed
to set apart and pledge as a fund for internal improvement with a form of government at once combining liberty and
the bonus and United States' share of the dividends of the strength, we may reasonably raise our eyes to a most splen-
National Bank i and the bill having been read- did future, if we only act in a manner worthy of our advan-
Mr. CALHOUN rose and observed, that it seemed to be the tages. If, however, neglecting them, we permit a low, sor-
fate of some measurif to be praised but not adopted. Such, did, selfish, and sectional spirit to take possession of this
he feared, would be the fate of that on which we are now- House, this happy scene will vanish. We will divide, and
deliberating. From the indisposition manifested by the in its consequences will follow misery and despotism.
House to go in committee on the iill, there was not much To legislate for our country (said Mr. C.) requires not
prospect of its success: yet it seemed to him, when he reflect- only the most enlarged views, but a species of self-devotion
ed how favorable was the present moment, and how confess- not exacted in any other. In a country so extensive and so
edly important a good system of roads and canals was to cur various in its interests, what is necessary for the common
country, he might reasonably be very sanguine of success, good may apparently be opposed to the interest of particular
At peace with all the world, abounding in pecuniary means, sections. IT MUST BE SUBMITTED TO as the condition of our
and, what was of the most importance, and at what he re- greatness. But, were we a small Republic, were we con-
juiced as most favorable to the country, party and sectional filed to the ten miles' square, the selfish instincts of our
feelings immerged in a liberal and enlightened regard to the nature might in most cases be relied on in the management
general concerns of the nation-such, said he, are the favor- of public affairs.
able circumstances under which we are now deliberating. Such, then, being the obvious advantages of internal im
Thus situated, to what tan we direct our resources and at- provements, why (said Mr. C.) should the House hesitate
tention more important than internal improvements'I What to commence the system 1 He understood there were with
can add more to the wealth, the strength, and the political some members constitutional objections. The power of Con-
prosperity of our country 1 The manner in which facility gross is objected to: first, that they have none to cut a road
and cheapnIess of intercourse added to the wealth of a nation, or canal through a State without its consent; and, next, that
had been so often and ably discussed by writers on political the public moneys can only be appropriated to effect the par-
economy that he presumed the House to be perfectly ac- ticular powers enumerated in thie Constitution. The first of
quainted with the subject. It was sufficient to observe that these objections, (said Mr. C.) it is plain, does not apply to
every branch ef national industry, agricultural, manufactur- this bill. No particular road or canal is proposed to be cut
ing, and commercial, was greatly stimulated and rendered by through any State. The bill simply appropriates money
it more productive. The result is, said he, that it tends to to the general purpose of improving the means of communi-
diffuse universal opulence. It gives to the interior the ad- cation. When a bill is introduced to apply the money to a
vantages possessed by the parts most eligible situated for particular object in any State, then, and not till then, will
trade. It makes the country price, whether in the sale of the the question be fairly before us. Mr. C. gave no opinion on
raw product or in the purchase of the articles for consump this point. In fact, he scarcely thought it worth the discus
tion, approximate t) that of the commercial towns. In fact, sion, since the good sense of the States might be relied on
if we look into the nature of wealth we will find that no- They will in all cases readily yield their assent. The fear
thing can be more favorable to its growth than good roads is in a different direction: in a too groat solicitude to obtain
and canals. An article, to command a price, must not only an undue share to be expended within their respective limits.
be useful but must be the subject of demand ; and the better In fact, he said he understood that this was not the objection
the means of commercial intercourse Ihe larger is the sphere insisted on. It was mainly urged that the Congress can only
of demand. The truth of these positions (said Mr. C.) is apply the public money in execution of the enumerated pow-
obvious, and has been tested by all countries where the ex- ers. He w.os no advocate for refined arguments on the Con-
periment has been made. It has particularly been strikingly stitution. The instrument was not intended as a thesis for
exemplified in England; and if the result there, in a country the logician to exercise his ingenuity on. It ought to be con-
so limited and so similar in its products, has been to produce strued with plain good sense ; and what can be more express
a most uncommon state of opulence, what may we not ex- than lhe Constitution on this very point? The first power
pect from the same cause in our country, abounding as it delegated to Congress is comprised in these words: To lay
does in the greatest variety of products, afnd presenting the and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay the
greatest facility for improvements I Let it not be said that debts and provide for the common defence and general
internal improvements may be wholly left to the enterprise of welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts, and
the States and of individuals. He knew, he said, that much excises shall be uniform throughout the United States."
might justly be expected to be done by them ; but in a coun- First, the power is given to lay taxes; next, the objects are
try so- new and so extensive as ours, there is room enough, enumerated to which the money accruing from the exercise
said he, for all the General and S.ate Governments and of this power may be applied-to pay the debts, provide for
individuals in which to exert their resources. But many of the defence, and promote the general welfare ; and, last, the
the improvements contemplated (said Mr. C ) are on too great rule for laying the taxes is prescribed-that all duties, imposts,
a scale for the resources of the States or individuals, and and excises shall be uniform. If the framers had intended
many of such a nature that the rival jealousy of the States, to limit the use of the money to the powers afterward enume
if left alone, might prevent. They require the resources rated and defined, nothing could be more easy than to have
and the general superintendence of this Government to effect expressed it plainly. He knew it was the opinion of some
and complete them. that the words to pay the debt and provide for the common
But (said Mr. C ) there are higher and more powerful defence and general welfare," which he had just cited, were
considerations why Congress ought to take charge of this not intended to be referred to the power of laying taxes con
subject. If we were only to consider the pecuniary advantages tained in the first part of the section, but that they are to be
of a good system of roads and canals, it might indeed admit of understood as distinct and independent powers granted in
some doubt whether they ought not to be left wholly to indi- general terms, and are qualified by a more detailed enume-
vidual exertions; but when we come to consider how intimate- ration of powers in the subsequent part of the Constitution.
ly the strength and political prosperity of the Republic are If such were in fact the meaning, surely nothing can be con-
connected with this subject, we find the most urgent reasons ceialved more bungling and awkward than the manner in which
why we should apply our resources to them. In many respects the framers have communicated their intention. If it were
no country of equal population and wealth possesses equal their intention to make a summary of the powers of Congress
materials of power with ours. The people, in muscular pew- in general terms, which were afterwards to be particularly
er, in hardy and enterprising habits, and in lofty and gallant defined and enumerated, they should have told us so plainly
courage, are surpassed by none. In one respect, and, in my and distinctly ; and if the words to pay the debts and pro-
opinion, in one only, are we materially weak. We occupy vide for the common defence and general welfare" were in-
a surface prodigiously great in proportion to our numbers. tnided for this summary, they should have headed the list of
The common strength is brought to bear with great difficul- our powers, and it should have been stated that to effect these
ty on the point that may be menaced by an enemy. It is our general objects, the following specific powers were granted.
duty, then, as far as in the nature of things it can be effect. He asked the members to read the section with attention,
ed, to counteract this weakness. Good roads and canals, ju. and it would, he conceived, plainly appear that such could
diciously laid out, are the proper remedy. In the recent war not be the intention. The whole section seemed to himn to
how much did we suffer for the'want of themI Besides the be about taxes. It plainly commenced and ended with it;
tardiness and the consequential inefficacy of our military and nothing could be more strained than to suppose the in-
movements, to what an increased expense was the country termediate words to pay the debts and provide for the corn-
put for the article of transportation alone 1 In the event of mon defence and general welfare," were to be taken as inde-
another war the saving in this particular would go far to- pendent and distinct powers. Forced, however, as such a
wards indemnifying us for the expense of constructing the construction was, he might admit it, and urge that the words
means of transportation." do constitute a part of the enumerated powers. The Consti-
It is not, however, in this respect only that roads and canals tution, said he, gives to Congress the power to establish post
add to the strength of the country: our power of raising offices and postroads. He knew the interpretation which
revenue, in war particularly, depends, said he, mainly on usually was given to these words confined our power to that
them. In psece our revenue depends principally on the im- of designating only the postroads; but it seemed to him that the
posts ; in war this source in a great measure fails, and inter- word establish" comprehended something more. But sup.
sal taxes to a great amount become necessary. Unless the pose the Constitution to be silent, (said Mr. C.) why should
means of commercial intercourse are rendered much more we be confined in the application of money to the enumerated
perfect than they now are, we shall never be able in war to powers ? There is nothing in the reason of the thing, that
raise the necessary supplies. If taxes were collected in kind; he could perceive, why it should be so restricted; and the
if, for instance, the farmer and mechanic paid in their surplus habitual and uniform practice of the Government coincided
produce, then the difficulty would not exist, as in no country with his opinion. Our laws are full of instances of money
on earth is there so great a surplus in proportion to its popu- appropriated without any reference to the enumerated pow-
lation as in ours. But such a system of taxes is impossible, era. We granted by a unanimous vote, or nearly so, $50,000
They must be paid in money ; and, by the Constitution, to the distressed inhabitants of Caraccas, and a very large
must be laid uniformly. What, then, is the effect?1 The taxes sum at two different times to the St. Domingo refugees. If
are raised in every part of this extensive county uniformly ; we are restricted in the use of our money to the enumerated
6ut the expenditure must, in its nature, be principally confined powers, in what principle, said he, can the purchase of Ltuisi-
to the scene of military operations. This drains the circula- ann be jostifiad ? To pass over many other instances, the
ting medium from one part and accumulates it in another, identical power which is now the subject of discussion has
and perhaps a very distant one. The result, sain he, is ob. in several instances been exercised. To look no further back,
vious. Unless it can return through the operation of trade, at the last session a considerable sum was granted to complete
the parts from which the constant drain takes place must ul- the Cumberland road. In reply to this uniform course of
timately be impoverished. Commercial intercourse is the legislation, Mr. C. expected it would be said that our Con-
true remedy to this weakness : and the means by which that dtitution was founded on positive and written principles, and
is to be effected are roads, canals, and the coasting-trade. On not on precedents. He did not deny the position ; but he
these, combined with domestic manufactures, does the moneyed introduced these instances to prove the uniform sense of Con-
capacity of this country in war depend. Without them not gress and the country, (for they had not been objected to,) AS
only will we be unable to raise the necessary supplies, but TO OuR POWERS; and surely, said he, they furnish better

the currency of the country must necessarily fall into the evidence of the true interpretation of the Constitution than
greatest disorder, such as we lately experienced, the most refined and subtle arguments.
I But on this subject of national p wer, what (said Mr. C.) Let it not be urged that the construction for which he con-
can be more important than a perfect unity in every part, in tended gave a dangerous extent to the powers of Congress.
feelings and sentiments And what can tend more power- In this point of view, he conceived it to be more safe than
fully to produce it than overcoming the effects of distance I the opposite. By giving a reasonable extent to the money
No country, enjoying freedom, ever occupied any thing like power, it exempted from the necessity of giving a strained
as great an extent of country as this Republic.' One hun- and forced construction to the other enumerated powers. For
dred years ago the most profound philosophers did not be. instance, he said, if the public money could bo applied to the
lieve it to be even possible. They did not suppose it possi- purchase of Louisiana, as he contended, then there was no
ble that a pure republic could exist on as great a scale even constitutional difficulty in that purchase ; but, if it could not
as the Island of Great Britain. What then was considered then were we compelled either to deny that we had the pow'
as chimerical (said Mr. C.) we now have the felicity to en er to purchase, or to strain some of the enumerated powers to
joy ; and, what is most remarkable, such is the happy mould prove our right. It had, for instance, been said that we had
of our Government, so well are the State and general powers the right to purchase, under the power to admit new States;
blended, that much of our political happiness draws its origin a construction he would venture to say far more forced than
from the extent of our Republic. It has exempted ua from the one for which he contended. Such are my views, said
most of the causes which distracted the smallbrepublics of he, on our right to pass this bill.
antiquity. Let it not, however, be forgotten-let it, said he, He believed that the passage of this bill would not be much
Ibe forever kept in mind, that it exposes us to the greatest of endangered by a doubt of the power ; as he conceived on that
all calamities, next to the loss ef liberty, and even to that in point there were not many who were opposed. The mode is
its consequence-disunion. We are great and rapidly, he principally objected to. A system, it is contended, ought to
was about to say fearfully, growing. This, said he, is our be presented before the money is appropriated. He thought
pride and danger-our weakness and our strength. Little differently. To set apart the fund appeared to him to be na-
(said Mr. C.) does he'deserve to be entrusted with the liber- turally the first act; at least he took it to be the only practi-
Jeof 91 peoplel who doenot raise his mind to these truths, cable come, A bill flled with details would have but 4

faint prospect of passing. The enemies to any possible sys-
tem in detail, and those who are opposed in principle, would
unite and defeat it. Though he was unwilling to incorporate
details in the bill, yet be was not adverse to presenting his
views on that point. The first great object was to perfect
the communication from Maine to Louisiana. This might
be fairly considered as the principal artery of the whole sys-
tem. The next was the connexion of the lakes with the
Hudson river. In a political, commercial, and military point
of view, few objects could be more important. The next
object of chief importance was to connect all the great com-
mercial points on the Atlantic, Philadelphia, Baltimore,
Washington, Richmond, Charleston, and Savannah, with the
Western States; and, finally, to perfect the intercourse be-
tween the West and New Orleans. These seemed to him
to be the great objects. There were others no doubt of great
importance which would receive the aid of Government. The
fund proposed to be set apart in this bill was about $650,000 a
year, which was doubles too small to effect such great ob-
jects of itself; but it would be a good beginning, and he bad
no doubt when it was once begun the great work will be fin-
ished. If the bill succeeds, at the next session the details can
be arranged and the system commenced. He could not con.
sider those who objected merely to the mode to be very hearty
in favor of the system. Every member must know that in
all great measures it is necessary to concede something, as
it is impossible to make all think alike in the minutia of the
measure who are agreed in principle. A deep conviction of
the importance of the thing itself is almost sure to be accom-
panied with a liberal spirit of concession. The committee
who introduced this bill gave it the shape in their opinion the
most proper in itself and the most likely to succeed. If it
cannot pass in its present form and under the present circum-
stances, it is certainly very doubtful whether it ever will.
He felt a deep solicitude in relation to it. He was anxious
that this Congress should have the reputation of it, and he
was the more so on account of the feelings which had been
created against it. Nobody of men it his opinion ever better
merited than this Congress the confidence of the country.
For wisdom, firmness, and industry, it had never been ex-
celled. To its acts he appealed for the truth of his assertions.
The country already began to experience the benefit of its
foresight and firmness. The diseased state of its currency,
which many thought incurable, and most thought could not
be healed in so short a time, begins to exhibit symptoms of
speedy health. Uninfluenced by any other considerations
than love of country and duty, said he, let us add this to the
many useful measures already adopted. The money cannot
be appropriated to a more exalted use. Every portion of the
community, the farmer, mechanic, and merchant, will feel its
good effects; and, what is of the greatest importance, the
strength of the community will be augmented, and its political
prosperity rendered more secure.

What does the reader think now of the intelli-
gence an3 accuracy of information of the South


From the materials furnished by the care of our
skilful Paris correspondent we reduce the following
synopsis of the late investigations in the French
Academy of Science :
SITTINO op MAY 15.-The proceedings in this sitting were
less interesting than usual ; they were chiefly reports on works
of a purely scientific character, and of which a very imperfect
notion, indeed, could be formed from any analysis within rea-
sonable limits. One of the firs-it reports was that of M. Arago
on a very long paper by M. Leverrier respecting the orbit of
Mercury and its perturbations. M. Leverrier appears to have
pursued his observations with great patience, and with all the
advantages presented by the best astronomical instruments;
but the results do not furnish us with any new information
of importance. A paper was received from M. Bareswill
announcing the discovery of a new oxygenated acid of chro-
ma. By pouring into water a solution of chron.id acid, M.
Bareswill succeeded in obtaining perchromic acid, the compo-
sition of which is represented by seven equivalents of oxygen
for two of chroma. He isolated the new acid by dissolving it
in ether. A paper was read on the progressive increase of
the results obtained from the operations of the auriferous sands
of Siberia. It is shown in the following table:
Ponds of gold. Pouda of gold. Ponids of gold.
1830 5 1835 93 1839 183
1831 10 1836 105 1840 255
1832 21 1837 132 1841 358
1833 36 1838 163 1842 631
1834 65
and, according to all probability, the result of 1843 will show
a great increase on that of 1842. Under the nameof Siberia
are comprised all the countries situated beyond the Oural
Mountains, with the exception of the districts at the foot
of the chain of mountains in the Governments of Perm
and Oremburg. The workmen employed in the extrac
tion of the gold are almost exclusively convicts, of whom
there were not less than eleven thousand in Eastern Sibe-
ria in 1842. They are allowed the proceeds of one day
in the week for themselves, but they are not permitted to dis-
pose of the gold as they please. They are bound, on the
contrary, to sell it to the persons whohold the privilege of the
extraction, and are consequently paid less than its value. The
amount taken by the Government from the proceeds of the
general operations varies from 20 to 25 per cent., with an ad-
dition of four roubles per pond of gold for the expense of
superintendence and coining. The pond of gold is about
forty pounds.
In a late communication to the Academy the re-
cent earthquakes in the West Indies were adverted
to as new events in that quarter. The writer of the
paper could surely never have read the Reject-
ed Addresses," where that loyal poet, Mr. Fitzger-
ald, attributes a calamity of that sort, along with the
prevalence of large blue-bottle flies in the London
markets,and many other like disasters, to NAPOLEON;
Who, when the British squadron lay off Cork,
(God bless the Regent and the DukeofYork!)
With a foul earthquake ravaged the Caraccas,
And raised the price of dry-goods and tobaccos.

Carolina Convention, whicn, in its recent .Auress A reply to this communication was read in the sit-
to the People of the United States, presents Mr. ting of the 22d May, pointing out a number offor-
CALHOUN to the Democracy" as an eligible can- mer earthquakes in the West Indies, which every
didate for the Presidency, because, among other body, indeed, knows to have often suffered from
equally well-grounded recommendations, "he be- them.
lives that the Government HAS NO POWER NOR The following, as to a new method of lighting, is
interesting :
V1 A communication was received from MM. Rouen and
PROVEMENT Busson, the patentees of a mode of lighting by means of a
self generating gas, on the advantages to be derived from the
It is a curious and stinging satire upon human adoption of their system in brilliancy of light and economy.
The substance employed by these gentlemen is coal naphtha,
nature, but especially upon the pretensions and clap- an essence obtained from the distillation of the coal tar, which
traps of party politicians, to look back upon the his- is one of the products of the distillation of coals for gas-
S, lighting. The application of this essence as a light is as old
tory of the last twenty-five or thirty years, and see as the product itself, but hitherto all attempts to make the
how principles have been shifted and swapped, and application a successful one have failed, in consequence of
the offensive smell and the immense quantity of smoke given
how utterly, in the course of that time, party names out by cal naphtha in combustion. Neither is the use of this
have lost all the significance they ever had. When essence in the way of gas a discovery, the merit of which
Mr. CALHOUN mde the above and the preceding may be claimed by MM. Rouen and Busson. The German
Mr. CALHOUN made the above and the preceding self-generating gas lamp was intro uced iuto Paris seven or
speeches he was one of the leaders (second only to eight years ago, but it met with no success, on account of
the expense of supplying it, the liquid used being spirits of
Mr. CLAY) of the Republican party in Congress- wite and turpentine. The coal naphtha was immediately
the party composed of the disciples and followers thought of, for it is a very cheap product, the tar obtained in
O d M N The d coal gas-works being little more than refuse, and yielding, on
of JEFFERSON and MADISON. The doctrines, gen- distillation, in addition to the naphtha, a pitch, which is used
erally, which Mr. CALHOUN then supported were at for various purposes, and particularly for making foot-pave
h e n ain b t ir of ment-, its cheapness causing it to be adopted, although it is
the time espoused and maintained by the Editors of very inferior in quality to the natural asphalts. Thedifficul-
this paper. If the reader desire to know how those ty was to get this essence to burn free from smell and smoke.
e we tt dy r d relis b This was tried by several persons without success, but MM
doctrines were at that day received and relished by Rouen and Busson imagine that they have succeeded, and a
the old Federal party, we have it in our power to liiht was burning at the Academy in order that the senses
his curiosity on the instant In the debate might be convinced of the value of their invention. The
gratify his curiosity on the instant. In the deb trial was not a successful one as to the smell; there was
in which the above speech was delivered, Mr. CAL- more than any one would like to have in a closed apartment;
OU ws at but as an external light this could be no objection; and there
HOUN was followed by Mr. TIMOTHY PICKERING,at are means, although MM. Rouen and Busson may not be
that time venerable in years and experience, the aware of them, of taking from this essence almost the whole
r f t F c w is e of the smell, without diminution of the illuminating power,
Nestor of the Federal camp, whose speech is re- The mode by which these gentlemen obtain a more perfect
ported in the National Intelligencer of February 27, combustion of the naphtha than was ever before reached is
Sfro h w n t a M simple, but admirable. They contrive, by the apparatus ol
1817; from which we learn that, as soon as Mr. the lamp or burner, that the gas should be projected to some
CALHOUN sat down, Mr. PICKERING rose, and spoke distance in the air before it takes fire, there being, however,
S the following effect within the tube of the burner a constant flame, which serves
to e foowing eec the double purpose of igniting the gas projected from the
"Mr. PICKERINo said he did not admit THE LATITUDE OF openings of the burger, and by its heat in decomposing the
CONSTRUCTION given by the gentleman from South Carolina naphtha with which the lamp is supplied, generating the new
(Mr. CALHUN,) who introduced the bill, to the terms of gas for continued combustion. The gas being consumed at
Mr. CALHOUN,) who introduced the bill, to the terms of a short distance from the burner is thoroughly supplied with
Constitution which he had quoted. Congress had power to air, and this free supply causes perfect combustion, and a
lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises.' For what brilliant light without smoke ; but it may be presumed that,
purpose 7 In order to pay the debts and provide fhr the com- as the gas escapes from the burner before it is in a state of
mon defence and general welfare of the United States.' perfect combustion, the smell is more offensive than it would
be if consumed at the immediate orifice. The economy of
Hence, the gentleman inferred that, as public roads and canals this light is very great. MM. Rouen and Busson estimate
would promote the general welfare, therefore Congress had that its utise is attended with an economy of five-sixths as corn-
power to make roads and canals. If this interpretation of the pared with oil, an equal quantity of light being furnished at
Conslitulion be correct, then the subsequent enumeration of the sixth of the expense of oil. The estimate appears to us
even more moderate than the truth. At a recent exhibition
powers to be exercised by Congress was superfluous ; for theof napmthToaestghtn bM .BAtitrndDup isin
of a naphtha gas-light, by MM. Barr6 and Dupuis, a single
terms to provide for the general welfare' would embrace all burner gave, when measured, a light during an hour equal
the following enumerated powers, and every other imaginable to that of three Carcel lamps, at little more, it was asserted,
power, the exercise of which would promote the general than one-twentieth of the cost of the oil which would be con-
welfare.' The object for which the Constitution was ordain, sumed in three Carcel lamps for that period. The economy,
d is y d to be 'o p t t g w then, being so positive, it may appear surprising that this light
ed is explicitly declared to be 'to promote the general wel. has not been already very generally adopted. There are,
fare;' and the like words at the head of the specified powers however, objections to it. In the first place, independently of
appeared to Mr. PICKERINO as intended to mark the line with- the smell, which may be removed, there is a rushing noise,
in which the powers expressed or fairly implied should be occasioned by the construction of the burner, which is highly
exercised ; they must all have for their object the general disagreeable; secondly, on the first lighting of the lampcon-
r, Te te e o o siderable time is required to heat the essence by the external
welfare.' Then follows the enumeration of the powers grant. application of a light, so that it may generate gas-the first
ed to Congress; all of which are manifestly calculated to gas being obtained is lighted, and then, as our readers will
promote the general welfare.' From the specific power understand, the flame that is burning serves to keep up the
granted to Congress to establish post offices and post roads,' heat of the essence contained in the reservoir of the lamp,
the gentleman from South Carolina had inferred that Con- and to carry on the generating of the gas; thirdly, tha es
sthe gentleman from South Carolina n ce is very irflammnable. In the event of a leakage, and of
grass had power to make roads on which the post riders might even a drop taking fire, the result might be dreadful. As
travel. This construction Mr. PICKaRING believed to be AL- regards external use, also, this essence has great obstacles to
TOGaTHERt ERRONEOUS," &C. surmount. Cheap as it is, it can never compete with coal
gas where there are gas-works formed ; for the expense of gas
Thp doctrines maintained by Mr. CALHOUN, to the producer, when once the first outlay has been made, is
somewhat restricted in latitude and abated of mag- considerably less than the cost of naphtha. It is question-
able, also, whether the light would resist the action of the
nificence, are those which the Editors of this paper wind. It is easily blown out even in a room, and in an out-
hield, with Mr. CALHOUN and the majority of the door lamp it would be difficult so to regulate the apertures for
the admission of air that there should be enough to support
Republican party in Congress, in 1817, and which combustion, and not so much as to cause extinction,
the real old Federalists, it will be seen, rather One of the first papers read in the sitting of the 29h was
by M. Duvernoy, on the discovery at Issoudun, in the de-
opposed than favored. Of these doctrines, which apartment of the -Indre, of the fossil lower jaw of a giraffe,
ave have steadily held on to, Mr. CALHOUN, if the differing indeed from the giraffe of the East of the present
day, but undoubtedly of the giraffe species. The same saca
South Carolina Convention is to be credited, is demician read a report on two papers by Dr. Eugene Robert,
now the radical opponent. For his claims to the 05e on the iron ore which is found at Meudon, near Paris;
the other on the discovery of the fossil remains in the basin
support of" the Democracy" are expressly placed of Paris of crocodiles, and fresh water tortoises. An inter-
by that Convention upon the ground of his re- eating communication was received from Princee Louis Na-
Sn t g poleon, on the theory of the voltaic pile. The experiments
pudiation of all those national doctrines which he of the prisoner of Ham have been directed to the ohbcure and
formerly held to be indispensable elements of sound delicate point which separates the hypothesis of Volta from
the chemical theory which has succeeded it. The Prince
Republican policy and sure guaranties of future has endeavored to show, in a direct manner, that the presence
national glory ; whilst we, pupils, graduates, and of two different metals in the circuit is not a necessary condi-
tion of the production of the .current, and he conceives that
associates of the school over which JEFFERSON, he has established this point by an arrangement in which the
MADISON, and MONROE successively presided, find metallic contact takes place between two cylinders of copper
plunged in two different liquids. This result, although cu-
ourselves dubbed by the Weathercock tribe and the rious in itself, is not so demonstrative as the Prince considers
modern Democracy," as Federalists," and what it to be; for, even in the theory of Volta, the contact of two
metallic plates of the same nature, but differing in their phy-
not. So much for political consistency and party sical contexture, were regarded as sufficient to develop an
names, electro-motive power. The experiments of Prince Louis,
~~~~_____'_________~~____however, do him great honor, as showing that he turns the
forced leisure of his confinement to good account, and Messrs.
O NE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran Arago and Becquerel, in their notice to tbe Academy of the
away from the subscriber, on Friday, the 7th instant, a communication, bestow high compliments upon the scientific
mulatto woman named MARGERY, about thirty years of age, prisoner. Messrs. Gisquet and Rouchon have addressed to
quite a likely servant, and rather stout; she uses a good deal of the Academy an application for the Monthyon priz, on the
snuff, and talks rather through her nose. Also, on Friday night, ground of their having discovered a mode of preparing flax
the 14ih instant, her sen ISAAC, about sixteen years of age, a nd hemp as a substitute for the present mode of steeping,
very likely boy, of bright copper celor.
I will give fifty dollars for the apprehension of them if taken apd without the insalubrity of that process. These gentle-
in the county, or twenty-five dollars for either of them, or the men, however, have not given such a description of their dis-
above reward of one hundred dollars if taken out of the county, covery as to enable us to pronounce an opinion upon its
or fifty for either of them. They have relations living at Seat merits, and we can only express a hope that they may be able
Pleasant, Mr. Thomas Berry's farm, also at Governor Sprlgg's, to prove that their process is all that it is stated to be, for the
either about seven miles from Bladensburg. They took with steeping of flix and hemp as it is now practised is ruinous to
them all their clothing, it cannot therefore be exactly described, the health of all who are within the reach of the emanations
JOS. K. ROBERTS, whi-h arise from it.
july 19-tf Near Bladensburg. Sitting of June 5 -The first subject before the Academy
w U[RAL TALES FOR THE YOUNP1, justpublish.- was a paper by M. de Mirbel on the monocotyledonous trees
JLl eudrforgealtMorrloa'sBbookstort,' luly I gf Algelia. M Arago tlin called theattention of the Aca-

demy to the action of lightning conductors. Hitherto it has
been the general opinion that these rods are a preservative
against the electric -laid for a horizontal distance of three
times their own height. During the thunderstorm on the lst
instant, however, a building in the Rue St. Jaques, near the
Val-de-Grace, where there is a lightning conductor, was In-
jured by the electric fluid. This building is quite within the
distance which has usually been supposed to be free from
danger. The Academy appointed a commission to inquire
into this matter.-A letter was received from Prince Demi-
doff on the rapid extension of the extraction of gold from the
auriferous sands of the Russian empire. Those of Siberia
alone, he states, yielded in 1842 more than10,000 kilogrammes
of gold, representing a value of fifteen millions of francs.
A mass of gold, weighing thirty-five kilogrammes, and worth
120 00Ofr. was found in Siberia last year.-The following
new process for the preservation of meats promises very im.
portant results: A memoir was received from M. Dussourde
on the preservation of meats by a ferruginous sirup-a sirup
which undergoes no deterioration by keeping. Meat which
has been steeped in this sirup dries with only a slight dimi
nation of volume, and is not affected by the most active agents
of putrefaction. When required for use the meat is put into
cold water, and it soon assumes its original size. Its color and
odor are then like those of fresh meat, of which it has all the
properties. The sirup is made by boiling iron in an impal-
pable powder with common sirup until the latter becomes suffi-.
ciently impregnated with the iron. A far more curious and
important investigation was presented in the next communi-
cation. A long paper was received from Dr. Magnien, on
the functions of the thyroid glands in mammiferous animals
and in the human species. These organs are in both classes,
says the author, vasculary ganglions of an arterial character,
which have the property, by reason of their spongeosity, of
swelling and entering into turgescence, under the influence of
a momentary or continuous acceleration of the course of the
arterial blood; and as these ganglions are provided with a
muscular apparatus, they can, in their increased volume, com-
press the external carotids and diminish the quantity of blood
which flows by these channels. Dr. Magnien, however, goes
further. He concludes that thpse organs are not merely the
compressors of the carotid canals, but also compensators and
regulators of the quantity ar.d rate of flowing of the arterial
blood in the currents which constitute what he calls the aorto-
encephalo-rachidian circulation. The doctor states, that in
proportion as the thyroid organs are developed and closely
united with the external carotids, so are the interior lobes of
the brain less voluminous ani less active ; and, consequently,
the intelligence of the individual is comparatively limited.
These organs perform a special part, he says, in all muscular
efforts, such as running, jumping, parturition,&c. They have
also a particular action on sleep, which is the negative state of
vascular effort. One of the most curious parts of Dr. M.'s pa-
ptr, which will probably excite some surprise among medical
readers, is the classification of the human species, which he
has founded on his comparative study of these organs. He
states, as the result of several post mortem examinations,
that in all men of the Austral hemisphere the thyroid organs
are very voluminous and closely applied to the external ca
rotids, which are followed by internal carotids of very pro-
nounced curves; and that, on the contrary, in all the natives
of the northern hemisphere, as far as 60 deg. latitude north,
the organs are less voluminous and less intimately connected
with the external carotids, which in this case are followed by
internal carotids, almost always rectilinear. He concludes
his paper by establishing seven classes or races of human be-
ings, viz equatorial, meano boreal, meso austral, pure boreal,
pure austral, hyper korean, and hyper-austral.-A communi-
cation was received from MM. Gruby and Delafond, giving
an account of their researches as to the anatomy and func-
tions of the intestino-vermicular motion upon the absorption,
preparation, and composition of the chyle of animals Ac-
cording to the authors, the chyle, which is the first elimination
of digestion, is formed in the stomach and the intestinal canaI;
but Ihe operation varies in its mode according to the nature
of the alimentary substance received into the stomach. The
chyle which is taken up by the chyleferous vessels of the
digestive tube contains simply very small molecules, which
are held in suspension in a liquid of a nature spontaneously
,c)agulable. On ffie application of microscopic reactives, it
appears that the very small molecules of the chyle, purified
by the chyligenous process, are composed of fat, contained in
an albumirnous pellicule, and that this transparent liquid is
formed ot fibrine and albumen dissolved in water, containing
different salts in solution.-A paper was received from Dr.
Peyreyra, one of the physicians of the hospital at Bordeaux,
announcing that he had cured a great number of phthisical
patients by the use ot the oil obtained from the liver of the
codfish, combined with tonical remedies. It would give us
great pleasure to be able to confirm this announcement ofM.
Peyreyra, which is at total variance with the paper lately
read to the Academy by a most distinguished physician in
Paris, but we fear that he has deluded himself into a belief
of success. Sydenham remarked that, taking the whole
diseases which attack the human race, two thirds of them
are inflammation, and that one-third of the remaining part
are consumption. Most erroneous ideas prevail on this dis-
ease with the public, who consider it to be a great approbrium
medicine that no cure has ever been found out for this dire-
tal malady. This is, however, unjust. Consumption arises
in a great variety of ways. All of them, however, have a
tendency to induce what is called a phthisical diathesis of the
blood, or, in other words, a consumptive circulation. Outol
the circulating fluids, then, there come infinitesimal particles,
which manifest themselves usually in the lungs after some
slight, very slight, catarrhal cold. These particles at the
beginning are not larger than millet seeds, but the crop of
them contiguous to one another is very numerous. The cold
usually ceases, but the structure is formed, and from these
pin-point deposits there is a regular set of phases which the
disease passes through, almost as uniform as the changes we
see in health from childhood up to old age. One of these
military particles either swells or unites with two or three of
its neighbors, and becomes as large as a pin-head. This again
either enlarges or joins with two or three others, and small
tumors arise about the size of a pea. These again swell or
unite into others, and attain to the size of a bean or a hazle-
nut. During the whole of this process, which may be weeks
or months, the mischief has been advancing with little incon-
venience to the patient, and unheeded by the family or sur-
rounding friends. The disease is then established. No
means have ever bsen found out in medicine to cause the ab-
sorption of these depouies. The morbid structure seems to
-have an advancing life of its own. In this stage a slight dif-
ficulty of breathing begins to be noticed in mounting acclivi-
'ies, pain in the side follows, and cough becomes apparent.
General bad health ensues, seldom, however, affecting the
mind. Alter some two or three weeks, the interior of the
hazle-nut sized tumors softens down into purulent matter.
'hbe cough continues. The matter is forced through thesides
of the hszle-nut covering into the bronchms, and continues
for weeks more to be evacuated by the windpipe. The pa-
tient gets worse and worse. There is superadded to the other
symptoms diarrbcera and violent perspirations. The whole
frame wastes away, and the patient dies almost a skeleton. It
is only when the matter is nearly, evacuated from the hazle-
nut sized tubercles, asthey are termed, that a cure has eve, neen
observed, and this does not occur once in ten thousand times.
In this rare occurrence the process that takes place is as fol-
lows. The inner part of the shell of the evacuated tubercles
becomes lined into cartilage exactly like the bronchial tubes,
and then the number of tubercles must have been small, other-
wise extensive disorganization would impede the breathing,
and seriously derange the pulmonary functions.
The following, in the sitting of 12th June, are
also quite interesting:
A communication was made by Messrs. Pelouze and Gelis
on the means of obtaining the acid called butyric acid in
abundance, by the simple transformation of common sugar
in an alcoholic fermentation by contact with some animal
substance. A saccharine solution, to which are added a
small quantity of caseum and some powdered chalk, is left
fir some weeks in a temperature of from 25 to 30 centigrade.
The caseum acting as a ferment, the sugar is decomposed,
and gives out hydrogen and carbonic acid. Water and buty-
ric acid are formed, which in combustion with black chalk
give a liquor containing butyrate of lime. This salt, decom
posed by chlorhydric acid, abandons the fatty substance.
Thus, the remarkable result of the saporification of butter,
which, since its discovery in 1814 by M. Chevreul, has been
of tare and difficult occurrence, may now be had with little
difficultyrand will always be at hand for any experiments
with a view to the better appreciation of the operations of
animal chemistry. Messrs. Pelouze and Gelis have convinc-
ed themselves that the acid obtained by the fermentation of
sugar in the mode stated is identical with that produced from
butter. The phenomena presented by the butyric acid in
combination with alcohol are very curious. The etherifica-
tion of alcohol by butyric acid is slow and difficult; but
when to the, two substances there is added a certain quantity
ol sulphuric acid, the formation of butyric ether is almost
instantaneous Another remarkable fact is, that the pre-
sence of water, even in considerable quantity, does not im-
pede the etherification. After this communication had been
made, M. Payen observed that the transformation of sugar
into grease or fat had not been regarded as impossible by the
chemists, who had described it as rare and difficult. The

honorable academician observed, moreover, that butyric acid
exists only in small proportions in butter, and could not of
itself suffice to create that substance. This may be perfectly
true, but the fact demonstrated by Messrs Pelouze and Gelis
is not the less positive; for they have shown that a result
which was before considered as exclusively the operation of
animal organization may be obtained by artificial means. M.
Arago then laid before the Academy a communication from
M. Leymerie, Professor of the Faculty of Sciences at Tou-
louse, on the discovery of native mercury in the department
of the Aveyron. M. Leymerie having perceived in the house
of a peasant a considerable quantity of mercury, was led to
make inquiries as to the way in which it was obtained, and
ascertained that it was frequently collected in the beds of
rivulets, and on-the surface of the soil. He is of opinion
that the mountains of the Cevennes contain this valuable
metal in such masses as would constitute a source of great
national wealth, if the mines could be discovered. From
the indications already obtained it is hoped that the discovery
may be turned to account. A paper on the fall of a large
aerolite in Holland was nex tread. The fall was preceded by
a detonation, followed by a noise resembling the sound of a
harp, and the aerolite was found imbedded in the earth to
the depth of more than three feet.

D Btl)YD, late of Philadelphia, respectfully offers
his professional services to the citizens of Washington and
its vicinity. Office on corner of 2d street and Penn. avenue.
July 14-e0lw


The North American Review has an article ors
Dr. Drake's late pamphlet, "Northern Lakes and
Southern Invalids." We extract from it the fol-
lowing lively picture of Saratoga as it was, and as
it is. The sketch shows what change facilities of
travel produce :
"A great change has come over this American Spa within
a few years. We can remember the time when it affiliated
with the surrounding country only by a few lines of stages,
put upon the route only during the" watering season ;" pri-
vate equipages, extras, exclusive extras, etc. forming the prin-
cipal means of conveyance for the crowd* that concentrated
there. Even the Carolinian and the Georgian, having in
view only a few weeks' stay at these Springs, would begins
their long journey in a private carriage, undiscouraged by'
the prospect of bad roads, almost impassable streams, and
slovenly accommodations; deeming the exhibition of them.
selves for such a brief time there a full compensation for all
perils and privations encountered while outward and home-
ward bound. The classification of these crowds was then
most distinctly made out-the mode of reaching the place
marking, with the most obvious discrimination, the various
grades of wealth, if not of respectability, prevailing among
the visitors. Those who arrived in a coach and four were
wheeled up in the brightest hour of the day, and when the
balconies were most likely to be thronged with spectators-
feeling an assurance that all eyes would be turned on them
with curiosity and consideration, the latter being readily
paid in advance upon such unquestionable claims to receive
it. The way was promptly opened to the party, which slowly
descended the steps of the carriage and ascended those at the
hotel, and the saloon was reached in a sort of triumph, where
all was bustle and obsequiousness on the part of the host
and his attendants, spreading out before them the choice of
accommodations. The genealogy and public and private
history of such a party immediately became matters of geoae-
ral discussion. No gazetting could have given greater notoe.
riety. Fortunate were those who could bear the scrutiny
without any loss to that reputation which the equipage mug--
gested. The more modest carriage and pair had less blazon-
ry than the four in hand,' but was driven up with no mis-
givings as to its full title to respect and a complimentary
reception. The curricle tandem introduced the bachelor in
full-orbed pretension. In the descending scale came the
' hack,' which could not by disguised even by an adroit mask-
ing of the 'No.' or any other cunning devices assuming I the
resemblance of proprietorship. The cold shoulder wae put
forward against all such counterfeit presentments. The gig
or chaise called forth all degrees of indifference, from the
' temperate' of a passing glance down to the zero' of utter.
contempt. If those humble vehicles had an undisguised
trunk strapped on behind, in a make shift way, showing that
it had no finess for such extraordinary uses, the balconies
were either deserted or the promenade continued there as if
no arrival had occurred. If they contained a pair of the
sexes, the chances were that, after awaiting the coming of a
waiter until impatient at the delay, the woman had to enter
and announce their advent, leaving the man to hold the horse
in the mean time. No perceptible change of circumstances
took place even if an additional horse were seen harnessed
on the outside of the thills; (the whippletree being boomesdl
out to accommodate thedouble draught;) its pseudo character'
being at once detected. A genuine chaise passed better mus--
er than such a semi demi'semi curricle.
"The public stages brought up the rear. Those who
came in them were crowded, heated, dusted, and generally
afforded an exhibition of the pitiable and the ludicrous oo,-
tempting to be avoided by those who had nothing to do but
watch' the passing scene for something new and piquant.
As the passengers, during the trying interval which deter-
mined their fate, whether they were among the admitted or
the rejected, endeavored to conceal themselves from view, or
boldly sat wijh a look of affected indifference, trusting that
their flushed faces and begrimmed garments, when removed,
would leave little or no personal identity behind, a hundred
merry glances from the balconies showed that there were
privileged spectators there, who regarded a scene in a stage
as legitimate a subject of amusement and criticism as if upon
a stage. Happy those who, constrained by a narrow in-
come, or moved by a feeling of economy, had resorted to this
chartered, and therefore despised, conveyance, if some acci-
dent postponed its arrival until the shadows of evening
threw a friendly veil over the approach and entrance, and
enabled the party to escape unobserved to their rooms,
with a chance of emerging thence under appearances better
suited to the pretensions or real character of those who coam-
posed it.
The change to which we have alluded, and which has
revolutionized all these distinctions, and fused all comers asi
it were into one mass, has been produced by the railroads
that connect these watering places with the capital of New,
York, The humble in mind and in fortune must rejoice in,
this levelling effect, however it may chagrin the millionaire
and the subordinate Diveses of the land. Amid the rush
that sets from the cars to the hotels, the owner of the fourth
in hand' is not distinguished from him who habitually rides
in a chaise, or even does not ride at all; while the jumble of
trunks and carpet bags-all of them of enormous capacity-
on the barrows amalgamates all differences that read names
might suggest; and he who can walk the fleetest, or elbow
the best, succeeds in entering his name on the book at the
bar first, and consequently, under the impartial rule that now
prevails, becomes 'first served.' Favored by such circuim-
stances, the plebeian may resort to these Springs as well as
the magnate. No externals decide the lot or standing there.
All, or nearly all, come and go, equally without triumph and
without defeat. Some, it is true, have a name dependent
upon no externals, which floats over the multitude at these
crowded places as well as elsewhere, and is always upper-
most. There are exceptions to the general rule: the truly
great are great at all times and in all places."

W INES.-Just received, a supply of genuine Anohoas brand
SSparkling Champagne, from P. A. Mumm & Co.
30 baskets Anchor Champagane Wine
20 boxes fine Claret
10 do do Sauterne
10 do do Old Port
30 dozen Brown Stout, quarts and pints, in superior order
For sale by
july 18-3t fGlobe] GEO. & THOS. PARKER.
J. G. GREIGORY & CO., Managers.
30,000 Dollars!
CLASS 42, FOR 1843.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Saturday, August 5, 1843.
I prize of $ 30,000 I 5 prizes of $2,000
1 do 10,000 S do 1,500
I do 6,000 25 do 1,060
S do 5,000 25 do 00
I do 4,000 220 do 200
i do 3,970 | c. Ac. 4c.
75 number lottery-13 drawn ballots.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Q.uarters $2 50.
Certificate of a package of 26 whole tickets I 30
Do. do. 26 half do. 65
Do. do. 25 quarter do. 32 50

30,000 Dollars!
200 prizes of 500 dollars a
CLAss 43, FOB 1843.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. Saturday, August 12, 1843.
1 prize of $30,000 I prize of $1,800
1 do 10,000 t do 1,700
I do 5,000 1 do 1,600
l do 3,000 2 do 1,500
I do 2 .87 3 do 1,S00
do 2,00O 5 do 1,260
I do 1,900 200 do 600
&c. 4c. tc.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-auarters $2 50.
Certificate of package of 28 wholes, also
Do do of 25 halves, 65
Do do of 25 quarters, 33 50

75,000 dollars
In Three Prizes of 25,000 dollars.
CLAss No. 44, Foa 1843.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. Saturday, August 19, 1843.

3 prizes of $25,000, amounting to $75,00!
1 prize of 810,000 650 prizes of 1,(00
I do 5,000I 50 do 30"
1 do 2,477 50 do 250
4tc, &o. 4tc.
Tickets $10-Halves $5--Quarteis $2 50.
Certificate of package of 26 whole tickets $140
Do do 26 half do 70
Do do 26 quarter do 35

25,000 dollars.
CLAss No. 45, roa 1843;
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C., on Saturday, August 26,1843.
13 drawn numbers in each package of 22 tickets.
1 prize of 625,000 1 prize of $1,7W0
I do 40,000 1 do 1,600
1 do 5,000 10 do 1,006
1 do 2,000 15 do *00
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters 2 50.
Certificate of package of 22 whole tickets $100
Do. do. 22 half do. 50
Do. do. 22 quarter do. 25
For tickets and shares or certificates of packages in the above
splendid lotteries, address
J. G. GREGORY & CO. Managers, Washington.
Or Drawings seat immediately after they are over te all who
ordsr a above. Jul 6-4aw- wlb c



Massns. EDITORS: It is to the great value of its tropi
productions, far more than to the salubrity of its climate a
Ihe richness and variety of its soils, that East Florida ow
its importance. Rich lands and healthy climates are to
found in every State and Territory in the Union : but E
Florida is the only portion of the United States that c
boast of tropical productions. The very high value of tro
cal over other productions may be estimated by the fact tl
the exports from the island of Cuba alone, during the ye
1811, amounted to but a small fraction less than one-half
the exports of all the United States for the same ybsar.
That the southern portion of East Florida is well adapt
to the culture of coffee, sugar, cocoa, indigo, and, in short,
all the tropical staples and fruits, is, 1 believe, admitted by
who are capable of forming an opinion on the subject.
PETER S CHAZ )TTE, who had for seventeen 3 ears been
gaged in St. Domingo and elsewhere in the cultivation ofec
fee, cocoa, &c petitionedl Congress in 182a for permission
purchase about twenty-five thousand acres of land in Ea
Florida at the Government minimum price, with a view
the cultivation of tropical plants. As Mr. CHAZ3TTZ was
gentleman of great intelligence and of long practical ex|
rience as a tropical planter, and as he had spent some time
investigating the capabilities of East Florida, 1 shall he
present a few extracts from his statement to Congress respect
ing the productions of that peninsula. In speaking of t
production of coffee, he remarks:
In East Florida the land is neither too dry nor too w
nor is the climate too hot or too cold. This narrow neck
land, being washed by the sea on the south, east, and we
possesses all the advantages which an island enjoys-the s
brezeis modifying the scorching vertical rays ot the sun an
wafting away the approaching northern frost. Two opposi
opinions have been expressed and frequently repeated wi
respect to that country. Some assert it to be a dry sand
laId, and others a fist, muddy, unformed rising ground
These assertions are altogether unfounded, as m y be demo
etrated by merely recurring to its topography. We see a net
of land four hundred miles long and about one hundred at
thirty miles broad, from the opposite beaches of which tl
land rises gently and gradually towards the centre, where a
l ikes connected with each other from south to north, to a di
tance of about one hundred and fifty miles, without receive
any supply of water from any large foreign river, and abo
f rty small rivers whose sources are at from thirty to for
miles distant from both shores, an J whose waters are empt
ing themselves into the opposite seas. Now it is Impossib
for those great sinews of nature to exist in a fiat, mudd
ground, which could at most produce reeds, and not tl
stately trees which luxuriantly grow and cover its surface
On the other hand, if it be called a dry eandy desert, tl
Very existence of those Iskes and numerous rivers belies tho
assertions, for rivers and lakes are never found to spring at
exist in an entirely sandy country ; and such is the narrow
ness of this long neck of land that it must have a deep mou
and prolific bosom to produce, as it is known to do, state
forests of the most luxornant mixture, which are constantly
bloom, even in January and February, end the most besoaut
ful flowers, whose floral appearance made the discoverers
it award to that country the significant and appropriate nan
of Florida.
In all places where the climate is not visited by blat
frost, the land, either dry or wet, will produce coffee. "Ca
enne, lying under the fourth degree of latitude, north of ti
equator, where the heat is intense, no mountains but at fiv
hundred miles off, a flat, level, and drowned country, at
where, as in European Holland, the surrounding seas a
striving to overwhelm the rising earth-even in this swami
country, drained by ditches as reservoirs for the water, tl
c flee plant grows luxuriantly, even to the size of a plum tre
At Rio de Janeiro, the present seat of the King of Pc
tugal's American empire, lying under the 23d degree of laW
tude souih of the equator, and as far as the province of P
rans, or Assumption, which reaches the thirtieth degree
lith latitude, the coffee is found to grow. Why, then, shou
we not cultivate it between the twenty-fifth and twenty-s
venuth degree s of north latitude, that is to say in East Florid
Will it be said that under the twenty-seventh degree of la
tsdle to the southward of the equator it is hotter than und
its opposite degree north of it I This will be contradicted I
those navigators and persons who have visited the country.
Abaut 1765 an English gentleman of fortune went
establish himself in East Florida. His labors were crowns
with success, both in the culture of coffee and sugar canes
and his establishments were already considerable when tl
American Revolution, in its effects made Florida pass in
the hands of Spain. The British Government, finding th
this gentleman had so far succeeded, would not allow him
remain there. They carried him off with his slaves, am
destroyed every thing that he had planted; for which loss am
damages the British Government awarded to him a consider
able sum. Besides these, travellers who have visited thb
country assert to have seen coffee plants in several places, ni
cultivated for profit and revenue, but as a curiosity, the i
triasic value of which seems to have been unknown to tho
who had planted them."
"Mr. Carver says: So mild is the winter that the me
delicate vegetables and plants of the Carribee islands exp
Pence there not the least injury from that season ; the oramg
tree, the plantaine, the goyava, the pineapple, &c. grow lu:
uriantly. Fogs are ur.kown there, and no country can I
more salubrious.' Mr. Wm Stork, in his description of Ea
Florida, gives the following account of it: The production
of the northern and southern latitudes grow and blossom I
the side of each other, and there is scarcely another clima
in the world that can vie with this in displaying such
agreeable and ludturiant mixture of trees, plants, shrubs, am
fl ,were. The red and white pine and the evergreen oak ma
ry their boughs with the chestnut and mahogany trees; tl
walnut with the cherry, the maple with the campeach, ai
the haz lletto wi:h thosassafras tree, which, together, cov
here a variegated anil rich soil. The wax-myrtle tree grove
every where here. Oranges are larger, more aromatic at
succulent, than in Portugal. Plums naturally grow fine, am
of a quality superior to those gathered in the orchards
Spain. The wild vines serpentine on the ground, or din
up to the tops of trees. Indigo and cochineal were advant
geously cultivated there, and in the year 1777 produced a r
venue of two hundred thousand dollars.' In fine, I shall ad
that this country-will produce all the tropical fruits and st
ples by the side of those belonging to a northern climate."
The practicability of cultivating tropical productions su
eesefully in East Florida is further attested by the late E
Perrine, our former Consul at Campeachy, who in a lett
to the Secretary of the Treasury makes the following obas
"I wish thus to show, not merely that the cultivation
tropical staples is practicable in our territory, but also that
is absolutely necessary for home consumption, is positive
profitable for the foreign market, and is highly desirable
other respects to promote the peace and prosperity of tl
"The practicability of cultivating tropical productions
general 1 have made manifest with the facts that the peculi
climate of the tropics extends beyond the astronomical bou
dary, several degrees north, into our peninsular territory; ai
that the best plants of the tropics are actually flourishing
the southern portion of that peninsula at Cape Florida.
have not only shown that below 28 Southern Florida enjo
the dry warm winter, the wet refreshing summer, the bree:
by day from the sea and by night from the land, and the tra,
winds from the east, which are common to tropical countni
in general; but I have also proved, by its narrow level at
face stretching southeastwardly, by the hot ocean river ru
ning northwestwardly along its eastern shores, and by tl
greater steadiness of the westwardly wind in those latitude
that tropical Florida is even superior to the elevated islan
of the West Indies and to the broad peninsula of Yucatan
that uniformity of temperatures which is most favorable f
vegetable growths, animal health, and physical enjoyment.
I have, moreover, not merely shown that in this superi
climate of the tropics are already growing various ceumi,
vegetables of the tropics, but I have further announced tl
flourishing condition of the tenderest and yet most product
plants of the torrid zone-the banana plant end the ooc
palm, which are universally pronounced to be the greats
blessings of Providence to man. And it may hence be co
sidered experimentally demonstrated that it is practicable
cultivate all the tropical productions in the soil of the sout
erm portion of the peninsula of East Florida."
It is quite unnecessary to adduce further evidence of ti
tropical character of East Florida, as all who are skeptical,
the subject can be readily convinced by a visit to the south
portion of the peninsula, where they may see the cocoa tIr
the plantain, the orange, the lime, the lemon, the arrowrot
the banana, &c. growing as luxuriantly as they do in any
the West India islands. There is certainly no portion

the United States that can compare with East Florida
the variety and value of its productions. It produces well
the root and grain crops of the Northern Stales, and a
the great staples of the Southern States, in addition to tl
still more valuable productions which belong exclusively
tropical latitudes. It is owing to the latter productions th
even the inferior lands in that peninsula can be render,
much more valuable than the best lands in any other portion
of the United States.
If we take, for example, an acre of the best land in Loui
iana (the Louisiana lands are considered the most valuahb
in the United States) and cultivate it in sugar, it will, in tl
most favorable season, yield one thousand pounds, which,
fiveents per pound, amounts to fifty dollars; and this is tl
most valuable crop that can be produced in Louisiana.
If, on the other band, we take, in E tat Florida, an acre
second-rate pins land which has been cowpenned" am
cultivate it in sugar, it will yield twelve hundred pound
which, at five cents per pound, amounts to sixty dollars.
If we cultivate an acre of tW# meCond-Tate pine lad ip s

Alend cotton, (a staple which grows every where in Eut
Florida,) the average product will be three hundred pounds'
which, at the average price of twenty.five cents, will amount
to seventy five dollars; which exceeds the yield of South
Carolina in this its most valuable staple.
If an acre of this land be cultivated in Cuba tobacco, to
which it is admirably adapted, it will yield from five to seven
hundred pounds of leaves for cigar wrappers, wortb fifty cents
per pound, besides two crops of ratoons for fillings, which
will amount, altogether, to at least four hundred dollars per
An acre of this same description of land cultivated in
oranges, ou the St. John's river, has actually yielded thesuom
of eighteen hundred dollaIse!
It would be tedious to mention the vast variety of tropical
fruits and staples, the cultivation of any one of which would
render the second-rate pine lands of East Florida far more
valuable than the best lands in any other portion of the Uni-
ted States.
Cowpenning is all that is necessary to prepare the se
cond-rate pine lands of East Florida for the production of the
most valuable staples that are produced in any country; and
this mode of manuring is attended with scarcely any expense.
In a region where cattle cost nothing to keep them-where,
without housing or feeding in winter, they thrive on the na-
tural pastures ,f the country, which are every where abun-
dant-and where they increase with great rapidity, every
man will, of course, have a large stock in a short time, if he
have only a few pairs to begin with. Indeed, capital invest-
ed in stock yields, in East Florida, a greater return than cai
be obtained for it by any other agricultural operation.
One hundred head of cattle will manuie an acre of this se-
cond-rate pine land well by being penned on it every night for
one week ; so that a farmer with but three hundred head of
cattle (a very moderate stock in East Florida) can annually
manure one hundred and fifty six acres so that it will produce
the best and most valuable crops for three successive years,
and at the expiration of that time he can have matured four
hundred and sixty-eight acres more by the same number of
cattle, and more than twice that quantity if allowance be
made for the natural increase of his stock.
The expense of clearing and cowpenning an acre of second
rate pine land in East Florida is by no means so great as that
of simply clearing an acre of the heavily timbered alluvial
land of Louisiana; and from what has been stated of the
great disparity in the relative value of the productions of
those lands, it must appear evident that "even the inferior
lands of East Florida possess a value far beyond that of the
best lands in any other portion of the United States."
In my next communication I shall discuss still further the
productions of East Florida.
1 am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
ST. AUGUSTINE, (E. F.) Juti.y 3, 1843.

13r MASONIC.-Grand Lodge, D. C.-An adjourned
meeting of the Grand Lodge of the District of Columtbia Free and
Accepted Ancient York Masons will be held at their Hall, corner
ot 12th street and Pennsylvania avenue, on Thursday evening
next, the 20th instant, at early candlelight ; at which the officers,
past officers, uembe.s, and masons generally are hereby respect
fully notified toattend, as business importance will be submitted
for consideration. By order of the M. W. Grand Master :
july 19 WM. GREEB, G Secretary.
fl-An adjourned meeting of the Medical Department
of the National Institute will be held at the Patent Office on
Thursday evening, the 20th inst. at 8 o'clock. The members of the
Pathological Society are invited to attend.
july 19 MARCUS C. BUCK, Sec'ry.
N AVY YARD BRIDGE.-A dividend of one and a
haltf per centumn has been declared, payable at the Bank of
Washington, by WM. GU'TON,
july 19-3t Treasurer.
subscriber, in order to prepare for a Fall assortment, will
offer his stock fSummer Goods at very reduced prices. Hein-
vites purchasers to call and examine. He names in part-
Summer Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestings
Gambroons, brown Linens, plain and fancy Drillings
Goods for men's and boys' wear of every description
Handsome Lawns, Worsted and Cotton Balzarines
Calicoes, Ginghams, Moussel ies do Laine
White Cambric, Jaconet and book Muslins
Linen Sheeting, Table Diaper, Towelling
Hosiery, Gloves, &c.
With a general assortment of Domestic Goods.
july 19-3taw2w R. C WASHINGTON.
FOR RENT, the two-story Brick Dwelling at the
corner of I and 7th streets, adjoining the residence of
I Andrew Rothwell, Esq., containing eight well-finished
rooms, with basement room, kitchen, and cellar. A good sized
garden is attached to the premises. Possession given on or about
the first of September next. In the mean time, the house will
undergo thorough repairs.
PFor terms, &c. apply, to Messrs. R. W. Dyer & Co., Auction-
eers, or to the subscriber.
july 19-eodtf JOHN F. BOONE.
L UMBER, &c.-The undersigned would respectfully in-
J form all persons wishing to purchase Lumber that they will
find at his lumber-yard on 7th street, Market Space, as g od and
as large an assortment of Lumber as can be found at any other
lumber yard in this District. He would also inf-rm them that
his prices will be found as cheap (as the cheapest) as any other
dealer in the place. Fresh Lime ofthe best quality always kept
on hand, and will be sold in barrels or otherwise, at the lowest
market price.
july 19-3t A. SHEPHERD.
The regular packet brig COLUMBIA, Euos Kent,
master, will have immediate despatch.
For freight or passage apply to the Captain on
board at Georgetown, or to
MWM. POWLE & SONS, Alexandria.
Who have received by said vessel, and offer fr sal- 125 boxes
of Lemons. july 19-3teoif
N OTICE.-A citizen of Washington wishes to exchange a
small farm of thirty acres, situated on the eastern side of
the Eastern Branch, about a quarter of a mile from the Hope
Tavern, for a small house and lot in the first, second, or upper
part of the third wards of this city. Any person wishing to ob-
tain a desirable location for a country residence will learn further
particulars by applying to HENRY M. NOURSE
july 19-eo6t 13 h street, between E and F.
RATE AND SMITHS' COAL.-3,000 bushels Mid-
lothian Grate and Smiths' Coal, of a very superior quality,
now landing at Lenox's wharf. For sale exceedingly low if taken
from the vessel.
july 19--3tA. SHEPHERD.
IaIJiiS IS TO GIVE NOTICE That the subscribers
1. have obtained from the Orphans' Court of Charles county,
in Maryland, letters testamentary on the personal estate of James
B. Pye, late of said county, deceased. All persons having claims
against the said deceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same
with the vouchers thereof, properly authenticated, to the subscri-
bers on or before the twentieth day of January next ; they may
otherwise, by law, be excluded from all benefit of the said es-
tate. Given under our hands this thirteenth day of July, 1843.
ELLEN C. PYE, Exe'x.
july 19-'aw4w EDWARD A. PYE, Exe'r.
away from the subscriber on the 2d of July, 1843, negro
boy HENSON JOHNSON, aged about 17. He is about'four
feet eight inceis high, light copper-color, thick suit of hair ; his
face is pitted from being poisoned. His clothes, when he left
home, consisted of coarse linen pantaloons, cotton osnaburg shirt,
and cossinet roundabout ; but he may obtain other clothing. He
was harbored near Washington last summer, and is likely about
there now.
I will give twenty-five dollars if taken in this county; fifty in
the Disth ict of Columbia and adjoining county; and on e hundred
dollars in any other State. In either case he most be secured so
I that get him again. WM. J. BERRY,
Living iear Upper Marlborough, Prince George's county, Md.
july 19-if

I away from the subscriber his man HENRY, five feet five
or and a half inches high, has a scar :ust above the joint of the
o5 thumb upon the left hand, of a bright copper color, about twenty-
he five years of age, and stammers in his speech. When he left
ve he was dressed in his common working clothes, but, as he has a
oa variety of clothing, it cannot be described. He has a brother on
rat the navy yard hill, Washington, named John Hall, with whom, or
n- thereabouts, he may be concealed.
to If taken in any free State two hundred dollars will be given
Sfor his recovery ; if taken elsewhere one hundred dollars will be
paid by JOHN PALMER,
Near Piscataway, Prince George's county, Maryland.
he july 19-eo3t
on M1 IS MORLEY has just received, in addition to her as-
rn J.TJ sortment, a valuable selection of Summer Bonnets, con-
ae, listing of-
English and French Gimps
01, Albert and Imperial Florence Braids
of Brilliant Shell, Oriental, and French Rice Straws
of Zaephyrine and Whale Bonnets
S Also, a variety of Children's Straw Bonnets
in Lace, Crape Iris, Tarleton, and Silk Shared Bonnets of the
all newest fashion
all French Flowers and Ribands june 7-dlmif
he HNbRAWN NUMBERS ot the Alexandria Lottery,
to D. Class N, drawn July 15, 1843.
at 40 56 63 23 70 18 25 26 31 4 38 52 36
ed Capital $80,000.
on ON WEDNESDAY, July 19,
Is Fifteen drawn ballots.
e I prize of $ 30,000 I prize of 1St,700
at I do 10,000 1 do 1,600
he I do 6,0-0 10 prizes of 1,000
I do 3,256 10 do 5601
I do 2,2001 10 do 300
of 1 do 2,000 i16 do 20u
id I do 1,900 400 do 175
Is, 1 do 1.8001 &c. &c. &c.
Ticket s$10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
For sale by J. G. GREGORY CO. Managers,
W july 17--tdif Next door at of Gaaby's, Welaiugto.

Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and


The New Orleans Whig papers of the 10th in-
stant give up to our opponents every Congressional
district in the State, so that Messrs. SLIDELL, LA-
BRANCHE, DAWSON, and BossrEs, all "Democrats,"
will represent that State in the 28th Congress. The
Bee says, further, that on the Convention question
(submitted to popular suffrage) the vote is no doubt
in favor of it by a large majority.
Our readers will find, in the letter in the next
column, frontt a source entitled to entire conse-
quence,) what the Whigs of New Orleans think of
this result and its effect.


The following brief article on this interesting
subject is front the pen of a practical citizen who
is familiar with the history and progress of the great
work to which he refers, and his communication is
the more readily admitted because he is no inte-
rested person-that is, as we believe, not interested
in any of the mineral companies of the Alleghany,
nor in the canal itself beyond the interest possessed
by the community at large in a work of so great
public importance and probable utility:
I rjoice to see, by a statement in the Baltimore papers,
that a contract has at last been made to complete this Canal
up to Cumberland.
It is clear that, until the Canal is completed to that point,
neither the State of Maryland, nor the District of Columbia,
nor any other stockholder, locality, or interest can derive any
benefit from previous sacrifices and expenditures; and it is
equally clear that until so completed all these interests are
subject to the most distressing exhaustion from the loss of all
benefit from the large capital already invested in the work,
and from the absence of that increase of trade so justly and so
long expected from the Canal.
If there be any fault in the matter, it is that it has been too
long delayed ; but better late than never. Now the great
iron and coal interests of the Alleghany, the'commercial ex-
pectations of the District, and the stockholder interest have
their long protracted hopes revived. The day is fixed on
which the fruition of their just expectations will commence;
and when we reflect upon the energy and talents of the Pre-
sident of the Company, his well-established ability to manage
complicated and extensive matters, and the singular devotion
and perseverance which he infuses into whatever he under.
takes to do, we have no doubt of his success within the time
specified in the contract."


At the Whig Celebration of the late National
Anniversary in the city and county of Philadelphia
the following appears among the published pro-
Prior to the adjournment the following resolution was
offered by JAMeS S. WALLACE, Esq. and carried amidst the
most unbounded acclamation:
"Resolved, That the Whigs of Philadelphia tender an
invitation to the Whigs of the WHOLE UsNIoN to meet in
Grand Mass Convention on the 4th of July, 1844, at Inde
pendence Square, in the city of Philadelphia, to respond to
the nomination of the National Whig Convention."
We trust this invitation, issued by the Whigs of
Philadelphia to the Whigs of the Union, to respond
to the nomination of the Whig National Conven-
tion which meets at Baltimore in May next, will be
circulated from Maine to Florida, from the Atlantic
to the Oregon. We are all aware of the influence
Which the Mass Convention at Baltimore in 1840
had upon the Whig party ; associations were there
entered into, friendships formed, correspondences
arranged, opinions interchanged, and promises given
which acted as the bond and cement of the entire
Harrison party throughotit the Union. It was the
first giant impulse given to the avalanche of 18411;
the first roll of the ball" which crushed Locofo-
coism in its onward course; the Lexington of the
moral and political revolution of the people against
their taskmasters and oppressors!
The invitation is extended in unbounded cordiali-
ty, and we trust it will be accepted in the same spirit
of fraternal kindness. We ask our Whig brethren
of the press to be bearers of the request which
Philadelphia city and county makes to the Whigs of
the Union, and to promulgate through their columns
that every arrangement will be made for their com-
fort and convenience. Come one, come all! and
here let us ratify anew those bonds of amity and
kindness which treachery has been unable to sunder,
and which time can never impair !-Phila. Forum.

The Report of the American Temperance Union,
made at their annual meeting at New York in May,
shows the following immense falling off in the im-
portation of brandy, wine, and gin since the last
year. The report gives the importation in the first
quarters of 1842 and of 1843 at the port of New

Quarter casks of brandy
Pipes of brandy
Half pipes of brandy .
Buts and pipes of wine
Hogsheads and half pipes of wine
Quarter casks and barrels of wine
Boxes of wine
Pipes of gin .

S 44



Captain SAMUEL WOODHOUSE, of the United
States Navy, died at his residence in Chester county,
Pennsylvania, on Sunday last.

opened on the 3d instant, since when the mail line, con-
sisting of three first class boats, has kept up a daily communi-
cation between Kingston and Coteau, passing through the
Long Sault Rapids downwards and through the canal up-
wards. The canal has nine or ten locks in a distance of
twelve or thirteen miles.

The Repealers of New York have sent out in the Great
Western an address to the people of Scotland, to be trans-
mitted through the bands of THOMAs CAMPBELL, the poet,
and requesting the sympathy and aid of the Sco'tiah people
to the Irish nation in their effort for a repeal of the union be-
tween Ireland and Great Britain.

Register says that the extent of land burned over by this fire
has been estimated at from thirty-five to forty thousand acres;
that about half of this was well wooded and very valuable,
but the rest was of little value.
We regret to learn that Mr. John H. Duvall, of the house
of Duvall, Keighler & Co. had his hand much injured by
the accidental discharge of his fowling piece on Saturday.
Some injury was also sustained in one of his eyes, but we
are happy to add that the wounds are not deemed of a very
serious character.-Baltimore American.

ZETrTO SMITH, aged about fifteen years, son of John A.
Smith, of Delphi county, Onondaga county, New York, was
killed in that village on the 4th instant, by the bursting of a
small cannon, which he, with others, was engaged in firing
during the day.-Cazenovia Eagle.

A GANO oF CoiNEts ARRESTED -A gang of notorious
counterfeiters, named Joel Nason, George Whitehouse and
wife, and James Sherman, were arrested last week at their
house on. Bloomingdale road, New York, a short distance
above Burnham's, where the officers found every implement
in the trade used for manufacturing counterfeit coin; also, a
number of counterfeit American eagles and dollars. The
principal party concerned was a man named Nason, a black
and whitesmith, from Boston, said to be worth fifty or sixty
thousand dollars. Among the articles taken was a valuable
press, and the whole apparatus is said to have been Of the very
best des cription, They were all committee,


MESSRS. GALES & SEATON: I hope you will
not allow yourselves to be discouraged as regards
our prospects in this State for 1844 by the result of
the recent election. The first district, as now con-
stituted, and which has just elected Mr. SLIDELL to
Congress, has always been Locofoco, except in
1840, when it gave a small Whig majority, but in
the contest for Governor in 1838 for Mr. PEIEUR,
and again last year for Mr. MOUTON, it went against
us; in the former case by a larger majority than
now. In the present contest, for the first time with
us, the enemy have adopted a regular system of
making foreign votes, and from five to six hundred
of that class have been naturalized within the last
few weeks-to find which number, particularly at
this season of the year, they have raked and scraped
the highways and byways, the streets, alleys, lanes,
and gutters of the city, and with all these means,
and with an apathy on the part of the Whigs which
we could not overcome, Mr. SLIDELL'S majority in
the district is less than four hundred.
In the second district the apathy has been even
greater, and not even half of the full vote has been
polled ; our candidate, Governor WHITE, has pro-
bably been re-elected by a small majority.
The third district has always been hopelessly
Locofoco, and Mr. DAWSON of course is re-elected,
and we prefer him to any other man of their party.
The Locos boast much of their chances for suc-
cess in the fourth district, where they are running a
very popular Creole (Mr. BOSSIER) against Mr.
MOORE, and shall not be surprised if he succeeds,
as party trammels hang very loosely on our Creole
Whigs, where ihat question comes up, and you
have on more than one occasion seen our Legisla-
ture with a decided Whig majority elect a Locofoco
Creole Sentator against an American WVhig.
With all the recent events fresh before us,
Louisiana is Whig, Whig to the core, and in
1844, when we will have a CAUSE and a CANDI-
DATE that will arouse the party, you will see how
she will shake Locofocoism from her skirts and
scatter it to the four winds of heaven. The man-
ner in which the officeholders (Federal and
State) worked in the late contest exceeds all former
precedent. None were too high and none too low
to take, each in their proper sphere, the full share of
labor, pnd a large number of the most active and
influential were those appointed under the late and
previous Whig administrations of the Slate ; for
whilst the present Executive carries out to the ex-
treme the doctrine of political proscription in all his
appointments, the Whigs, kind souls, have generally
filled their offices with a full share of their enemies,
and verily they are now receiving their reward.
But I again say to you, and say to our friends, be of
good cheer as regards Louisiana. In July, 1844,
you shall hear the first Whig gun booming long and
loud from her over the land as you did in July, 1840.
Business is nearly closed for the season. Our
crops, both for sugar and cotton, are very unfavor-
able ; the almost constant rains for the last five or
six weeks have greatly impaired the former, which
had already suffered previously by a long drought;
the corn crop from the same causes will be almost
an entire failure ; the cotton crop has also greatly
suffered for the same reasons, and, in addition, tlhe
uncommon high water of the Mississippi has proba-
bly destroyed equal to one hundred thousand bales
on the banks of the streams, where a great many
plantations have been and are overflown. At this
moment the water is on a level with most of our
wharves opposite the city, and a few inches further
rise would create very extensive injury. Thus far
the season has been very healthy, and will, I hope
and believe, continue so. Our banks are all (that
is, all that are left of them) in a sound and healthy
condition ; the specie they hold, in the aggregate,
is more than dollar for dollar of all their responsi-
bilities, and their great complaint is that they are
overburdened with it.
Exchanges are very steady, but the transactions are
limited. Freights low and dull, and but little ship-
ping in port, and but a limited quantity of produce
to ship.
P. S. Since the preceding was written the re-
turns from the second district give reason to believe
that Mr. WHITE is defeated by a small majority.
The apathy has exceeded all belief; in 1840 the
Whig majority in this district was 1,900, and now
the aggregate vote of both parties will not exceed
2,000 I have now but little doubt the entire dele-
gation of the State will be Locobfoco. The whole
number of votes polled is less by one-half than
was given in the last contest.
A REBUKE.-While listening the other night to the opera
at Niblo's, a gentleman annoyed the neighborhood in which
we sat by pertinaciously insisting on singing with every one
who opened his or her mouth upon the stage. While Le-
court was performing a song our amateur kept up his run-
ning accompaniment. At length, a gentleman sitting next
to him remarked with quick petulance, I wish Lecourt
would not sing so loud!' Why so 1" demanded the ama-
teur. "Because he prevents me from enjoying your singing
of this song."-Express.
DEATH FOa WANT OF FOOD -The Mobile Register has a
report ot a coroner's jury upon the death ef a female, named
Mrs. Ann Land. She was a poor widow, in bad health,
having a sickly child of five or six years of age, both of them,
it is supposed, having suffered from the want of proper food,
as well as from exposure. The poor woman, it appeared, had
slept the night previous in an old mill in the lower part of the
city, and her stomach was found, on examination, quite emp-
ty. When she reached the house at which she died, she
was unable to articulate distinctly, and had been there but a
short time before she fell from her seat and expired.
TELLING A LIE TO OsLIOC A LADY.-Under this caption
a New York paper gives an account of a transaction in
which a gallant Hibernian got himself into trouble for mere-
ly trying to get a lady out of it by stretching the truth. A
letter carrier delivered a letter to the wife of a Mr. Murray,
of that city. The letter was of course sealed, but the curi-
osity of the lady, for which her sex is to blame, according
to the received notion, more than the lady herself, induced
her to read its contents. It being a business-letter alone, she
was anxious to have it delivered to her husband. But, as it
happened that just at that time there existed between herself
and her husband one of those little interludes o1 love com-
monly called a coolness, which now and then takes place
"in the best of families," the lady was unwilling to let her
husband know that she opened the letter, and requested a
Mr. Hugh Qufinn to say that he did it; and Mr. Quinn,
thinking himself bound in common politeness to tell a lie
for the lady, and little dreaming of the trouble it was to cost
him, at once complied with her request, and shortly- after
fund himself a prisoner in the United States Court under-
going an examination for a high crime and misdemeanor.
The committal of an offence, such as he was charged with,
is imprisonment for one year and a fine of *300. As be had
involved himself in truth on her account, she as generously
came to his assistance, confessed that Quinn was not guilty,
and he was accordingly discharged ; and, when leaving the
court, fervently vowed that he would never again tell a lie
for a lady as long as he lived.

JoHN DALY, who was cook at the Washington Hall in
Tallahassee at the time of the fire at that place on the 25th
May last, was committed to jail on the 5th instant, charged
with having confessed on different occasions that he set fire
to the town.
ACGcIDENTS AT PHILADELPHIA.-On Saturday a young man
about 26 years of age, named Alexander Warnock, a sailor
in the United States service, was killed by falling from the
roof of the Hope Engine-house into the yard.
On the same day a fatal accident occurred on the Dela-
ware, near the Navy Yard, by which Mr. Thomas Clifton,
tavern keeper, of Second street, Southwark, lost his life. He
and a companion were in a small boat fishing, when they
were run over by a steamboat.
As one of the female passengers of the Solon, lying at
Vine street wharf, was about coming on shore on Saturday
afternoon her foot slipped, and she fell between the vessel
and the wharf. She was hardly in the water a moment
when one of the sailors divested himself of his jacket, and
plunged in after her, and brought her out in safety. His
conduct is entitled to unmeasured praise.
A like noble act was performed by a little boy about twelve
years old, who, being at Walnut street wharf and seeing a
little fellow fall into the water and struggling for life, jumped
in and brought him ashore in safety.

3r The a'minual commencement of Georgetown Col-
lege will take place in the usual Hall on Tuesday, 25th instant,
at half past 9 o'clock A, M, The public are respectfully invited
to ottoed, July 17--ft

It will be seen by the annexed correspondence that Mr.
FILLMORE has declined the invitation of our citizens to par-
take of a public dinner. We regret that circumstances have
compelled this gentleman to decline the invitation, certain
as we are that there is no man in the country more deserv-
ing of such an honor, and to whom our citizens would more
cheerfully award it, than MILLARD FILLMORE.

ANN ARBOR, JUNE 20, 1843.
SIR. We, the undersigned, citizens of Ann Arbor, hav-
ing learned that you recently passed through our village on
a visit to a neighboring town, beg leave to extend to you an
invitation to meet our fellow-citizens at a public dinner at
such time as may suit your convenience.
We assure you, sir, that it will afford our fellow citizens
enfeigned pleasure to have such an opportunity of testify-
ing their gratitude to you for faithful public services rendered
the country during a series of years in the national councils,
and more especially for your untiring and indefatigable ex
ertions during the trying scenes of the late Congress.
To your persevering and devoted efforts to raise supplies
for the support of the Government, thus preserving its credit
untarnished at home and abroad, and to place the industrial
interests of the country on a solid and permanent basis by
the passage of the tarif bill, we believe the nation is mainly
indebted for the success of these measures.
In the midst of trials and embarrassments unexampled in
the history of the Government it is gratifying to know that
the Whig members of Congress displayed a self-sacrificing
spirit,a stern adherence to principle, and an ardent devotion
to the Whig cause, which has drawn forth the admiration of
political opponents, and which will find a sure reward in the
thanks of a grateful and confiding people.
To you, sir, as one of those who stood first and foremost
in the great coi flict waged by Executive dictation and du
plicity on one side, and the rights and liberties of the People
on the other, we tender our sincere thanks for your gal-
lant bearing, aid for your uncompromising adherence to
principle during all the trying scenes of the contest. We
sincerely hope, dear sir, that you will be able to meet us at
the proposed festival, and that you will name such a day as
will accord with your o'her arrangements.
We have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedi-
ent servants,
[Signed by Dwight Kellogg and others.]

DEXTER, JUNE 21, 1843.
GENTLEMEN : I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt
of your letter of yesterday, inviting me to visit your town
and to meet your citizens at a public dinner at such time as
might suit my convenience.
Embarrassed as I am by this unexpected manifestation of
your kindness and approbation, I have scarcely time or lan-
guage to express the grateful emotions which I feel.
I cannot for a moment consent to appropriate to myself
your flattering remarks in favor of the conduct of the late
Congress. My services were quite too humble and insignifi
cant in that honorable body. The merit of those acts be-
longs to the great body of Whigs who composed the majority
'of that assembly. It was their self-sacrificing devotion, amid
difficulties and embarrassments that few can appreciate
which supplied the means of an exhausted Treasury, and
saved the country from disgrace and bankruptcy. It was
the same ardent devotion to the welfare of the country which
sustained them, though bafthid and defeated, until they es
tablished, by a judiclfs tariff, permanent revenues for the
support of the Government, and a lasting foundation for the
prosperous industry and commercial independence of the
country. Your approbation is justly due to that able and
devoted body, and the time will come when an enlightened
and intelligent community will delight to bestow it. But I
have only time now to allude to it, and to disclaim for my-
self what is so justly due to others, and what it would be ar-
rogance in me, even by implication or silence, to appropriate
to myself.
Nothing could be more grateful to my feelings than the
time and occasion that have called forth this testimony cf
your approbation. Had my visit among you been of a politi-
cal character, or were I a candidate for any official station,
or even now in office, I might have suspected that some local
or political object was sought to be promoted: but no sus
picion of this kind alloys the pleasure which I take in ex
pressing to you the deep sensibility with which I have re-
ceived this generous testimony of your kind regard. Were
it possible to comply with your request, I should anticipate
additional pleasure from th. fact that I perceive among the
names of those who have thus honored me not only the
worth and respectability of your beautiful and flourishing
town, but the names of some who are dear to me as the cher
ished friends of my early youth. Could any thing tempt me
for a moment to delay my journey, such a banquet, with
such friends, amidst the feast of reason and the flow of soul,"
would most certainly do it; but I regret to say that I am
hastloning to visit a beloved sister who I fear is languishing
upon a bed of death, and i trust this will be deemed a suffi-
cient reason for my declining your flattering invitation.
Please accept the assurance of my highest respect and
esteem, and believe me, most sincerely and truly, your friend
and fellow-citizen, MILLARD FILLMORE.
Messrs. Dwight Kellogg, M. Eacker, and others, citizens
of Ann Arbor.


GOV. WOODBaIDGI last week made a journey to Romeo,
in Macomb county, on private business. The citizens ol
Mt. Clemens, without distinction of party, hearing of his
intended trip, invited him to stop at that village. He com-
plied, and was received at the Court-house in the most fl it-
tering manner by a public meeting. We have received a
glowing account of the reception from a friend at Mt. Cle-
mens, which we find amply confirmed in the last Patriot,
published at that village. The following is our friend's letter:
MT. CLEMENS, JULY 1, 1843.
My DEAR SIR : The meeting and reception of Governor
WOODBRIDuE on Thursday at this place was a magnificent
affair. The Court-house at the appointed hour was crowded
to overflowing with ladies and gentlemen without distinction
of party. Judge THURaSTON addressed him in a very neat
and eloquent manner, to which the Governor replied in one
of his happiest efforts. At times he was peculiarly eloquent
and interesting ; every body appeared delighted. A proces-
sion was formed at the Court-house and waited upon the
Governor to his lodgings at Mr. Ashley's, where the ladies
also called upon him. Perry in the Patriot notices the meet-
ing. I send you his paper herewith. Yours, &c.
The following is the notice of the Patriot alluded to above
by our correspondent. We will only add to it, that the liberal
course of the editor in this matter, as well as of our political
opponents generally, is highly creditable to them and to their
thriving village. We are sure that our respected Senator
wiH long remember it with affectionate gratitude :
"The meeting on the afternoon of Thursday last for the
reception of the Hon. WILLIAM WOODBRIDOE was a most
splendid affair. The court-room was well filled with ladies
and gentlemen. Hon. P. B. TuuasToN presided at the meet-
ing and made an el,'quent speech in welcoming Mr. Wood.
bridge, to which Mr. WOODseIDOE replied in his usually
modest and happy manner. The whole scene was impres-
sive. Here was the good man receiving, not from a few in--
terested partisan leaders, but from all, high and low, rich and
poor, irrespective of all party distinctions, the spontaneous
welcome of an independent people and the plaudit of well
done good and faithful servant." It cannot be otherwise than
gratifying to Mr. WooDnaIDGE to have this seal of approba-
tion placed upon his past conduct, and will serve to stimulate
him in a steady perseverance in doing right. Our earnest
prayer is that the number of his days may be lengthened,
even far beyond the estimated period allotted to men, and
that he may continue to deserve and enjoy the increasing
confidence and respect of his fellow-ci'izens."

At Boston, on the 13th instant, by the Rev. Mr. GAN-
NETT, HENRY W. LONGFELLOW, Efq. of Cambridge,
Professor of Modern Languages in Harvard University, to
FANNY ELIZABETH, daughter of the Hon. NATHAN
Yesterday morning, Mrs. GEORGIANNA FORCE,
wife of WM. Q. FoRCE, Esq., Editor of the Army and
Navy Chronicle, and daughter of CHARLES LYONS, Esq., of
this city, aged 23 years. She has left a husband, an in-
fant about three weeks old, and parents, to whom the loss
is irreparable, but she lived and died a Christian, and their
loss is her eternal gain. She had been about four years a
member of the First Baptist Church, and was much beloved
by all who knew her.
V The friends of the families are respectfully invited to
attend her funeral from the residence of her father-in-law,
Col. PITER FoRcE, on 10th street, near Pennsylvania avenue,
this morning, at 10 o'clock.
At Boston, on the llth instant, NATHANIEL EM-
MONS, Esq. aged 84 years.
At Casco, Maine, Mrs. SARAH WHITNEY, aged
100 years, 8 months, and 20 days, a member of the Society
of Friends.

AML TO LET.-Six room to let in that three-story brick
house on 12th street, oae door above the Madisomnian
S office, suitable for a small family or several single gen.
lemoen. Inquire on the promises. june il-e0tfif

Sales This f Day.

ing, at nine o'clock, we shall sell, in front of our Auction
Store, ten boxes Oranges, for cash.
ju!y 19--It Auctioneers.
] I EMONS at Auction this day In Alexaudria.--This
A- day, Wednesday, 19th July, at 10t o'clock, will be sold on
Wmin. Fowle & Son's wharf, 126 boxes Lemons, just landed from
brig Columbia. july 19
On Wednesday, the 19ih instant, commencing at 10 o'clock A.
M. we shall sell at the residence of Major Graham, corner of F
and 19th streets, First Ward, all his household and kitchen fur-
niture, such as-
Handsome chintz and hair-seat Sofa, mahogany arm and other
Pier Tables and Glasses, best French Plates, Astral and other
Mahogany centre and card Tables, Brussels Carpets and Rugs
Handsome window Curtains Lnd Ornaments, Ottomans
Grates, brass Shovel andl Tongs and PoFenders, Matting
Passage Oilcloth, Stove, Hat-rack, and Umbrella stand, Hall
Mahogany Sideboird, Doak and Work-table, dining Tables
Handsome gilt Candelabras and mantel Ornaments
Cut-glass Decanters, Tumblers, and Wines, Lemonades and
White dinner Set, coffee and tea china Sets
Pitchers, Mugs, East India and glass Jars, coffee Biggin, &c.
Mahogany French Bedsteads, high and low-post maple Red.
Maple and other Wardrobes, mahogany Bureaus
Best hair Mattresses and feather Beds, chamber Ghiirs
Chamber Carpets, Washstands, and toilet Sets
Easy Chair, Stoves, Andirons, FPenders, Shovels and Tongs
With a variety of other good chamber articles not deemed ne-
cessary to be enumerated.
Alo, a very large and excellent assortment of kitchen requi-
sites, with servants' Bedsteads, Beds, and Bedding.
T. rus of sale : All sums of and under 825, cash ; over $25,
a credit of two and four months, for notes satisfactorily endorsed,
bearing interest. ROBT. W. DYER & CO.
july 12-eodtsif [Globe] Auctioneers.
S A PARKER, having secured the aid of an experienced
dress-maker and milliner from the North, is now prepared to ex-
ecute any orders of that kind in the most fashionable manner. She
has selected and is now opening an assor meant of dress trim.
mings, such as Daisy, Fancy and Jet Buttons, Gimp Fringes, A&c.
july 19-6tif [Globe&GeorgetownAdv.J
BThe steamer OSCEOLA will leave
Washington on Tuesday next, the
25th instant, at 9 o'clock A. M. and
a B B Alexandria at half past 9, on a plea-
sure trip to the above n itmed places, arriving in Norfolk early
next morning, giving passengers time to visit the Navy Yard and
the big ship fennsylvania, and leave the same morning for York-
town, staying there long enough to allow the passengers to visit
the old Battle Ground, t;ave, etc. As there will be abundance of
fish, crab, and oysters, it will be one of the most pleasant trips
of the season.
Returning, the Osceola will leave Norfolk on Thursday morn-
ing at 5 o'clock, and arrive in Washington the same evening.'
Passage and fare for the round trip, 86 ; for a gentleman and
lady, $9. Servants half price.
f-The Marine Band will be in attendance.
July 19-dtd [Capitol] J. MITCHELL, Master.
GEORGETOWN, D. C.-In pursuance ofa decree ofthe
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for Washington county,
the subscriber will offer for sale, at public auction, on Thursday,
the 20th day of July next, to the highest bidder, the following
valuable real estate in Gorgetown, D. C., viz:
The large three-story brick Tavern, with stables, yard, and
ground appurtenant, at the corner of High and Beall streets,
fronting about 45 feet on High street and 138 feet on Beall street,
,ow occupied by Win. Cunningham, and formerly by Jacob
Holtzman, deceased.
Also, the lot of ground on the north side of Beall street, and the
brick stable thereon, lying west of the large stable belonging to
the tavern premises of the late George Holtzman, deceased.
The lot fronts about sixty-five feet on Beall street, and runs back
to the brick wall north of the said street, and is conveniently situ-
ated for a public livery stable.
The sale will take place between the hours of 5 and 6 o'clock
P. M. on the day above appointed, in front of the premises, com-
mencing with tavern lot, and will be made on the following terms,
viz. One-fourth of the purchase money will be required of each
purchaser to be paid in hand at the time of sale, and the residue
in three equal instalments, at six, twelve, and eighteen months,
with interest from the time of sale; and for the deferred pay-
nents the purchasers will be required to give their bonds, with
approved security. JOHN MARBURY, Trustee.
june 27-dtsa Auctioneer.
V AVENUE at Public Auctlou.-Will be sold at public
auction, on Thursday, the 20th instant, at halfpa&st 5 o'elock P.
M., on the premises, Lots Nos. 6, 7. and 9, in reservation No. 12.
These lots front each 25 feet on Pennsylvania avenue, and run
through to and front 95 feet each on B street n.)rth, and are
among the most valuable lots on Pennsylvania avenue, beingsitu-
ated in the immediate vicinity of the Railroad depot. Any further
information with regard to the above lots can be had previous to
be sale upon application to Mr. J. W. Maury.
Terms : One-fourth cash, balance in three equal annual instal-
ments, bearing interest from the day of sale, and to be secured
by deed of trust on the property. R. W. DYER & CO.
july 13-tdif Auctioneers.
By virtue of a decree of the Circuit Superior Court of Law
and Chancery for Albemarle county in a cause therein pending,
pronounced on the 18th day of May, 1843, we will sell, on the
premises, on the 18th day of August next, a tract of Land, lying
in the county of Buckingham, Virgina, called Snowdon. This tract
is situated on James river, and contains about 1,200 acres, about
three hundred acres of which are James river bottom of the very
best quality, admirably adapted to wheat, corn, and tobacco
about two hundred and fifty acres of the highland are cleared and
very productive, and the residue of the tract is well timbered,
,nd a large portion of it fine tobacco land. The improvements
consist of a comfortable oversees' house, large and commodious
tobacco-houses, corn-houses, barns, stables, &c.
This farm is considered one of the most valuable and desirable
in Virginia, being remarkably fertile, having constant communi-
cation with Richmond by means of the James River and Kanawha
Cana', and being directly opposite to the flourishing (own of
Scottsville, where an excellent market is at all times afforded for
all the products of the farm.
This tract will be sold subject to the life estate of Mrs. Sarah
C. Harris in about two-thirds of it, which has been allotted to
her as tenant in dower; but we are authorized by her to state
that she will sell her life interest to the purchaser of the residue,
on the day of sale, on terms which cannot fail to be satisfactory,
and which will be made known before the sale, so that the pur-
chaser can obtain a tee simple at once in the whole tract. Pos-
session of the land will be given in time for seeding a crop of
wheat at the usual time next fall, and full possession on the lit
day of January next.
Terms of sale : About $600 will be required in cash ; for the
residue a credit of one, two, and three years will be given, the
purchaser giving bond with approved security, and the legal title
being retained as further security, until the payment of the pur-
chase money.
We will also sell, on the premises, on the 19th day of August
next, a house and lot in the town of Scottsville, situate on Main
street, and well suited for a dwelling-house and store.
Also, on the 20th day of August next, a lot in the town of War-
ren, mentioned in said decree.
Said house and lots will be sold on the same terms as the Snow-
don lands above mentioned, except that no cash payment will
be requited. EDWARD H. MOORE,
july 15-cptdo Commissioners.
OR FOR RENT.-This celebrated establishment in
Washington city, on Rock Creek, near Georgetown, having
brewing capacity of 5,500 to 6,000 barrels per annum, with the
most approved modern machinery and arrangements, is now
offered at private sale, or it will be rented to a good substantial
tenant on favorable terms, on application to
President Parmers' and Mechanics' Bank, Georgetown.
may 5-2awiftf
The undersigned respectfully informs the public that his
houses will be open far the accommodation of visitors on the 16th
of June, and that no exertion shall be spared to render comfort-
able those who may favor him with their company. Having made
considerable improvements, lie will be able to accommodate a
much larger number of persons than heretofore.
The virtues of the water are said by competent judges to be
very similar to those of the White Sulphur Springs in Virginia,
and those invalids who have given it a trial express themselves
highly pleased with its effects.
The Spring is within eleven miles of Warrenton and five of
Shocco Springs, directly on the stage road to Lewishurg, and those
persons who come by the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad will al-
ways find a hack at the Werrenton depot for their accommodation.
Families of more than two persons, who board by the season of

three months, will be charged $16 661 per mouth each ; by the
week they will be charged $6, and by the day $1 each.- Single
persons will be charged $20 per month, by the week $7 50, by
the day $1 25. Children and servants half price. Horse $10
per mouth.
may 31-w7w WWM. D. JONES.
This tract contains 510 acres, situated on the north side of,
and near the Leesburg and Georgetown turnpike, distant from
the latter and Washington city less than eight miles. About
three-fourths of the land is covered with timber and the best
quality of wood, which may be conveniently carried to market by
the road or canal, (the eastern boundary, in part, being the Poto-
mac,) and with good management the proceeds thereof would
pay for the land. The fresh soil is of excellent quality, and the
open fields are in an improving condition by the application of
lime, clover, and plaster. Lime can be purchased in George-
town at ten cents a bushel. The orchard consists of about 260
apple and peach trees. Part of the bottom land is now in produc-
tive meadow. The situation is healthy, and abounds with nume-
rous springs of fine water, and one of the staansia is sufficient to
drive a saw-mill.
For the terms of sales, &c. application may be made to THOMAS
S. LovR, Eaq Fairfax Court-house, Virginia, or to the subscri-
ber. Mr. HIaeT, who resides near the premises, (on Commodore
JoNies's farm,) will show the land to any one who may desire to
purchase. ROGER JONES.
june 0l--3t4&w3w Washington, D. C.
'F IHE NIKIGHBOtIS.-A story of every day life, by
I. Frederika Bremer, translated from the Swedish by Mary
Howitt, in 2 vols, Jgt published and for sale by
OIay 223 Wpo of jll9 p1th t d S 0 8t It

Hon. Jno. Henderson, M. C., from Mississippi.
Hon. B. G. Shields, M. G., from Alabama.
G(o. N. Stewart, Esq., Attorney at Law, Mobile.
P. P. Duconge, Esq., New Orleans.
James Stewart, Esq., Louisville, Kentucky.
James R. Lyle, Esq., Cincinnati.
William Pannill, Esq., Petersburg, Virginia.
Mr. Charles B. Jones, Linden, Alabama.
Hon. James Martin, Attorney at Law, Mobile, Ala.
Messrs. Kissam, Bryce & Jones, New York.
Moors. Dewing & Edmonds, N. Brookfield, Mass.
Mr. John M. Chapron, Philadelphia.
Dr. E. Strudwick, Hilisborough, North Carolina.
John T. Lomax, aEq., Attorney at Law, Demopolis, Ala.
Hoe. Elisha Young, Green county, Alabama.
Hon. C. C. Langdon, Mobile, Alabama.
july --dly
Shas just received from the unrivalled manufacturer, Mr.
Joseph Clhickering, one of his best Rosewood Piano Fortes, of
the latest improvement. The instrument must be seen and tried
to be appreciated. Those wishing to purchase are invited to ex-
amine it at Stationer's Hall.
July 8-3taw2w W. FISCHER.
sETH HYATT, Esq. of Washington city, Agent for the Pro-
tection Insurance Company of Hartford, Connecticut, offers
to insure Houses, Mills, Factories, Barns and their contents, and
all other descriptions of insurable property against loss or damage
by fire.
The rates or premium offered are as low as those of any other
similar institution, bred every man has now an opportunity, for
a trifling sum, to protect himself against the ravages of this de-
structive element, which often in a single hour sweeps away the
earnings of many years.
The coarse the Office pursues in transacting their business and
in the adjusting and paying of losses is prompt and liberal.
Por terms of insurance application may be made to the above-
named agent, who is authorized to issue policies to applicants
without delay. J, M. GOODWIN, Secretary,
Jaune 21-lawtf Hartford, Connecticut.
IMAL-350 barrels fresh burnt Lime, just received from
L the Kilns near Harper's Perry.
Alsoon hand, Oak, Ash, and Pine Wood; all of which will be
sold low for cash or to punctual customers.
I would most respectfully inform my old customers and others
that, after an indisposition and absence of two months, I have re-
turned to business again, and would be pleased to see my friends
and customers.
All those indebted to me are earnestly requested to come for-
ward and settle their respective accounts without delay.
july 10-eod3t WALTER WARDER, 12th street.
713EN DOLLARS R U. on P street, on Tuesday evening the 27th of June, a small
bobtail Bay Mare, having one white hind-foot and a sm ll star in
her forehead. A reward of ten dollars will be given upon the
above described Mare being left at the residence of A. Dickins,
Washington city, or at Ossian Hall, Fairfax county, Virginia.
July 7-Mt
B'ItUSTER'S SALE.-By virtue of a decree of the Cir-
S*Cuit Court of the District of Columbia for the county of
Wshington, sitting as a Court of Chancery, made in the cause
nf Smith & Cisel complainants, against the heirs at law of Win.
Hayman, deceased, and others, defendants, I shall offer at auc-
tion, In fr nt of the premises, on the 25th day of July instant, at
five o'clock P. M. the lot of ground No. 16, in square No. 5, of
the city of Washington, and all that part of lot No. 15, of the same
square, lying east of the residence of Joseph Smoot, Esq with the
improvements and appurtenances, embracing a very commodious
and valuable three-story brick dwelling, with extensive back and
out buildings.
Terms of sle are: One-fifth of the purchase money to be paid
in hand and the residue in four equal instalments, at six, twelve,
eighteen, and twenty-four months, with interest from the day of
sale, to be paid half yearly, and payments to be secured by the
purchaser's bonds, with approved security. And on ful I pay
meat of the purchase money, and on the sale being ratified by the
Court, I will execute to the purchaser, his or her heirs or assigns,
at his, her, or their cost and request, a valid and sufficient deed of.
conveyance of said premises, with all the interest and estate
therein, believed to be undoubtedly geod, of the parties to said
If the terms of sale are net complied with in three days, I re-
serve the right to re-sell at auction, at the risk and cost of the
former purchaser, for cash, or on any terms of cash and credit,
after three days' advertisement in the National Intelligencer.
jula 8-eod&ds R. W. DYER & CO. Auctioneers
EALED PROPOSALS, endorsed "' Proposals for Wood,"
I will be received until the first day of August for the furnish
ing and delivery, on the wharf at the Penitentiary, in the D strict
of Columbia, between the first of August and the first of day of
October next, free of all expense to the United States, of 100 cords
of sound, well seasoned, merchantable Red Oak Wood, and 12
cords of sound, well-sesreoned, merchantable Spruce Pine Wood,
the payment for which will be made on the delivery of the whole.
July 7-eotd fMadisonianJ Warden of P. D. G.
13 The Alexandria Gazette will please copy this in the tri-
weekly paper.
OR RENT.-A neat and comfortable Brick Dwelling
U House, containingten rooms, fronting on New York avenue,
between 9th and 10th streets. The above is very pleasantly
situated and convenient to the public offices or the business por-
tion of. the city. Terms reasonable. Apply to John C. Hark-
ness, two doors west of said house. july 8-eo2w
MAY, 1843, for the use of the subscribers to the Waver-
ley Circulating Library. This day received by the last Boston
steamer the Quarterly Review, Edinburgh Review, Poreign Quar
terly Review, British and Foreign Quarterly Review, London
and Westminster Review, Ainsworth's Magazine, Blackwood'e
Magazine, Fraser'e Magazine, Monthly Magazine, Dublin Uni-
versity Magazine, The United Service Journal, Hood's New
Monthly Magazine, The Metropolitan Magazine, Tate's Edinburgh
The English editions of the above will be regularly received
by the Boston steamers. All of them, except those of the Quar-
terlies which are not published this month, are this day received.
The heavy expense of these, the postage alone amounting to
nearly fifty dollars per annum, will not admit of but one copy ,f
each being furnished to the Library, and a strict observance oi
the time fixed for their return will therefore be necessary, as for
the future, with all other new books, and no second work can be
allowed from the Library until the one previously taken be re
turned. New subscribers, and those already subscribers who
may wish to continue so, are respectfully informed that these re-
gulations, so necessary to ensure equal justice to all, must be
strictly adhered to, without respect to persons. Terms, five
dollars per annum, three dollars for six months, or one dollar for a
single month, payable in advance.
may 23 aP. TAYLOR.
SW. FISCHER, Importer and Dealer in FPalncy and Staple
Stationery, has just received per steamer direct from the cele
brated manufacturer, Joseph Gillot, two hundred gross of his sa
perior Metallic Pens, several kinds of which are entirely new,
and for sale only at Stationer's Hall. july 8-3taw2w
N EiW BOOKS.-Palmner's History of the Church of
Christ from the earliest period to the present time, edited
by the Right Rev. Bishop Whittingham, with questions. Fourth
edition. Judah's Lion, a new work by Charlotte Elizabeth ; also,
Constitution and Canons of the Protestant Episcopal Church in
the United States, for sale by
july 8 3 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
A training also Time Tables, Interest Tables, and a variety of
information and calculations useful to farmers, merchants, and
mechanics, together with forms of leases, judgments, securities,
and other legal instruments. One pocket volume of 178 pages,
bound, price 25 cents. Just received for sale by
july 8 P. TAYLOR.
73 HE MAIl) OF THE DOE; A Lay of the Re-
U. solution, by an United States man.
"Are deeds of glory wanting to the muse ?
Can she no subject from our annals choose
Worthy the song '"
Just published and for sale at the corner of 11th street and Penn-
sylvania avenue. R. PARNHAM.
rIpHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscribers have
AL obtained frem the Orphans' Court of Washington county, in
the-District of Columbia, letters of administration, with the will
annexed, on the personal estate of Joseph Johnson, late of Wash
ington county, deceasdd. All persons having claims against the
tald deceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the
vouchers thereof, to the subscribers on or before the 8th day of
'July next; they may otherwise, by law, be excluded from all
benefit of said estate.
Given under our hands this 8th day of July, 1843.
july 10-w3w Adms. W. A.
| HIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscribers have
obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington coerty,
in the District of Columbia, letters testamentary on the personal
estate of Rachael Otumbe, late of Washington county aforesaid,
deceased. All persons having claims against the said deceased

are hereby warned to exhibit the same, with the vouchers thereof.
to ths subscribers on or before the 1st day of July next; they
may otherwise by lhw be excluded from all benefit of said estate,
Given under our hands this 5th day of July, 1843.
july 6-w3w WM. JONES, Executors.
T131HS ISTO GIVE NO()TICE that the subscriber have
Obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington county,
in the District of Columbia, letters of administration, de bonis
non, on the personal estate of William Coumbe, late of Wash-
ington county afioresaid, deceased. All persona having claims
against the said deceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same,
with the vouchers thereof, to the subscribers, on or before the let
day of July next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from
all benefit of said estate.
Given under our hands this fifth day of July, 1843.
Win. JONES, $ Admin'rs D. B. N.
july 6-w3w
. MiA thJuttne, and17th June, 1843.-Copies of this magni-
ficent newspaper are received this day per Great Western steam-
erby P. TAYLOR, Bookseller, and may be examined at his store.
Will be supplied regularly to subscribers, or sold by the single
number. july 4
J ust published, Boston, 1843, complete in one volume, oc-
tavo, by J. J. Jarves, embracing their antiquities, mythology, le-
gends, discovery in 16th century, their re-discovery by Cook,
their civil, religious, and political history, &c. &c with mony
lngcahinj bis. day recgievd f r Iale by P, TAYLORK,

LIME, LIME.-Fresh Lime can be had at the Hamburg
Lime Kilns, near the Glass House, in the e1st Ward. Price
for the present, 95 cents per barrel, exclusive of barrel. Cash
when taken in quantities of six barrels or less. Lime barreled
up suitably for transportation at 81 20 per barrel. Lime will be
delivered in any part of the city, within one mile of the kilns, at
$1 per barrel. Bricklayers, plasterers, and dealers in lime will
be required -to settle at least twice a year. Lime suitable for
agricultural purposes can always be had at from 16 cents to 6
cents per bushel, payable in wood at the marketprice, or in money,
at the option of the purchaser.
Orders left at the city post office, or at the office of the kilns,
will be promptly attended to. WM. EASBY.
N. B. The lime made at the Hamburg Kilns is warranted to
yield more mortar by one-fourth than the Thomaston lime usu-
ally sold in this city. Hydraulic Cement always on hand.
mar l1-2awtf [Globe & Geo. Adv.]
COMMERCIAL REVIEW, established July, 1839,
by FIREMAN HUNT, Ed tor and Proprietor.
WVith the number for July, 1843, commenced the fifth year of
the existence of this standard periodical. It is the only wo k of
the kind in this or any other country ; and although mainly de-
voted to the interests and wants of the commercial and business
community, it has become an indispensable work of reference to
the Statesman and Political Economist throughout the commercial
world. Its contents embrace every subject connected with Com-
merce and Navigation, Agriculture and Manufactures, Currency
and Banking, Fire and Marine Insurance, Mercantile Biography,
Mereantileand Maritime Law, the Laws and Regulations of Trade,
(including important decisions in the different Courts of the Uni-
ted States, Great Britain, &c )
The Commercial Regulations, Port Charges, Tariffs, Commer-
cial Treaties, etc. of all Nations with which we have commercial
intercourse, with all alterations in the same, are collected and
published from time to time in this Magazine, which is also the
repository for full and authentic Statistical Tables of the Com-
merce, Trade, Navigation, Resources, Population, Banking or
Currency of the United States and the principal countries of the
civilized world.
It has and will continue to be the aim of the Editor and Pro-
prietor of the Merchants' Magazine to avoid every thing of a par-
ty, political, or sectional bias or bearing in the conduct of the
work-opening its ppges to the free and fair discussion of antago-
nistic doctrines connected with the great interests of Commerce,
Agriculture, Manufactures, and the Currency.
The Merchants' Magazine is published on the first of every
month, at five dollars per aunum, payable in advance. Apply to
P TAYLOR, Bookseller, Washington, who will have the work
forwarded by mail to any part of the United States.
*** A few complete sets of the work, embracing eight semi-
annual volumes, can be procured by applying as above.
july 30-
to the Flower Garden. By Mrs. London. American
edition, edited by A. J. Downing. A lew copies just received
for sale by F. TAYLOR. june 7
tlte reign of George 11I, being a history of the People,
as well as a history of the Kingdom, in three volumes large octavo,
with many hundred illustrations, portraits, historical engravings,
&c. and comprising the whole histories of the American Revolu-
tion and of Europe during the reign of George III: by G. L. Craik
and Chas. Macfariane, assisted by other gentlemen.
The two firstvolumes of the above are just imported from Lon-
don by F. TAYLOR, (a few copies only,) the third volume (not
yet published) will be received during the present year.
The Pictorial History of England preceding the reign of George
11. is comprised in four large octavo volumes, sold as a separate
work. The two forming probably the best History of England
extant. may 30
THI'HE LAST YEAR IN CHINA, to the peace ot
A Nankln, by a Field Officer, complete in one volume.
price 25 cents. The Honey Bee, its natural history, manage-
ment, &c., by Edward Bevan, complete, with 36 wood engravings,
price 311 cents. Third volume of Macaulay's Miscellanies,
price 25 cents. Burne's Journey to Cabul, complete for 25 cents
All just published and received for sale by
LACTS IN MESMERISM, with reasons foradispassion
A ate inquiry into it. By the ReO' C. H. Townshend, A. M.
late of Trinity Hall, Cambridge. A few copies just received and
for sale by FRANK TAYLOR
iL volumes, containing the complete works of Mr. Macau
lay, for $1. Volume first this day received for sale by
mar 14 F. TAYLOR.
ONDERS OF THE HEAVENS,a popular view
of Astronomy and the mechanism of the Heavens; sun,
moon, and stars; the planets, comets, fixed stars, double stars,
constellations, galaxy, zodiacal light, aurora borealis, meteors,
clouds, falling stars, &c. &c. One lare quarto volume, splendidly
illustrated with numerous large-sized engravings and maps
Published at $12. For sale by F. TAYLOR (a few copies only)
at 33 60. mar 13
SEW BOOKS.-Just published and for sale at Morrison's,
S Bartlett on Typhoid and Typhus Fevers
Family Secrets, by Mrs. Ellis; 2 vols complete
Dewees on Children; anew edition, just published.
OOK OF THE POETS, 1 vol. London, with nu-
merous beautiful illustrations, containing the best works of
the English Poets, from Chaucer to Beattie.
Also, Book of the Poets, the Modern Poets, containing chiefly
the English Poetry of the nineteenth century, I volume, corres-
ponding with the other-a beautiful London edition, with many
splendid engravings. Jnst received by F. TAYLOR.
W R. FAY'S NEW NOVEL.-Hoboken,a Romance of
.M.U. New Yerk, by Theodore S. Pay. Just published and
this day received for sale by P. TAYLOR, or for circulation
among the subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Library.
OPE'S WORKS, cheap, complete (including also all
his translations from Homer) in one handsome volume, large
octavo, with portrait, and his Life by Doctor Johnson. Price
$1 25.P. TAYLOR
ONDON, in 3 volumes octavo, with many hundred en-
L gravings.
I pray you, let us satisfy our eyes
"With the memorials and the things of fame
That do renown this city."
Published in London, 1842.
Petit Careme, et Sermons Chorisis de Massillon, new edition.
Paris, 1843, 1 vol. large octavo, with several hundred splendid
illustration. Histoire de l'Empereur Napoleon, par Laurent de
I'Ardeche, illustree par Horace Vernet, I vol. Paris, 1843, con.
training several hundred engravings, many ef them splendidly
colored. Imported direct by P. TAYLOR, and this day receive.
ed. mar 15
Pic from the patentee by P. TAYLOR.
Public officers and others who will be so good as to examine
this inkstand will perceive that it combines several advantages
never before offered to the Puhlic, It is so entirely closed against
dust or evaporation, that it is impossible even to shake the ink
from it when held in any position, while the pen always receives
its full supply of ink, and no more. More complete and effec-
tual in its results than any, this inkstand is as simple as the most
plain, being entirely without the joints, screws, caps, and other
elaborations which have disgraced the scientifically complicated
inkstands of modern date. The principle upon which it acts
being a new application of the principles of hydrostatics, will at
once be understood on inspection; it is entirely effectual, and
combines at once durability with entire simplcitv. an 20
practical farmer, explained in a familiar manner for those
who have no previous knowledge of the subject, by Chas. Squarey,
1 volume, price 50 cents. F. TAYLOR.
On hand a large collection of all the best books on agriculture
and all its various branches, to which additions of all that is new
or valuable are constantly being made. may 3
works of Charles Follan, with a memoir of his life, five
volumes octavo, price.34 60, bound in cloth, with portrait. Just
published and for sale by F TAYLOR.
Horne's Introduction to the Scriptures, 2 large octavo volumes,
full bound in leather, for sale, a few copies only, at $5 50, usual
price $7 60. june 2
has just received Woodward's Patent Elastic Penholders ;
the neatest and most serviceable article in the market, suitable
for all metallic pens in general ,ase. ap 21
U MENT.-The subscriber, being about to retire from the
above business, returns his sincere thanks to his many friends
and customers for their kind patronage. To any one desirous of
entering into a light and easy business I will dispose of my tools,
patterns, together with ihe stock on hand, on the most reasonable
terms. I will also give such instructions as will enable any one
to conduct the business. JOHN M. PARRAR.
N. B Umbrellas and Parasols left here to repair, if not taken
away previous to the first day ol August, will be sold for amount
of repairs.
june 26-w3t J. M. F.
of Animal Magnetism and its proofs, by Charles Poyen, 1
volume, pamphlet, at 62 cents.
feb 11 F. TAYLOR.
IN NE'S LAW COMPENDIUM, or Questions and
Answers on Law ; alphabetically arranged for the facility
nf immediate reference, with copious references to the most ap-
proved authorities, reports, decisions, etc. by Asa Kinne. 2 vols.
8vo. third edition. Just published, and this day received for

sale, by [june I] FP. TAYLOR.
A comprising 'Vivian Gray,' 'The Young Duke,' 'Contarini,'
Flemming,' 'Alvoy,' 'Henriett, Temple,' 'The Rise of Iskau-
der,' and 'Venetia,' on fine paper, and best type, with portrait,
and full bound in leather, complete for 1St 75.
june 20. F. TAYLOR.
J OHN TYLER, his History, Character, and Po-
sition, with portrait, just published, in pamphlet form,
(price 121 cents,) and received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, No. 5 of the cheap Shakepeare, No. 5 of the cheap Fam-
ily Library, and No. 9 of the cheap edition of Alison's French
Revolution. may 16
OR SALE, either forty, sixty, or one hundred acres of
I land within the District of Columbia. The subscriber, hav-
ing more land than he can clear and cultivate, offers at private
sale a part of the farm on which he lives, adjoining Messrs. Butt,
Sheppard, and Bowen, on the Washington and Rockville Turn-
pike road, about four miles from the city. The land is well adapt-
ed for fruit, garden, grass, and grain, being kindly, rolling, well
watered, and heavily timbered. The situation is very healthy.
june 8-Th&S3w HENRY OULD.
MAZ Lambert, with numerous engraved illustrations. I vol.
Just reprinted from the London edition.
jan 9 P. TAYLOR.
A VOLUTION, cheap edition, In English-The
second volume, price onedollar, is this day received for sale by
F. TAYLOR. This edition will be furnished in four volumes
octavo, good paper, and good sized type, complete for four dol-
wa> !up@ 4


NOTICE is hereby given that this Department is ready to
redeem all the Treasury Notes of the United States here-
tofore issued, and not included in the notice given by this De-
partment on the 26th dayof April last; and, according to the pro-
visions of different acts of Congress, interest on the said Treasu-
ry notes which become due on or before the thirty-first day of
August next will cease on that day; and on all remaining Trea.
sury notes now outstanding, and which become due at any subse-
quent time, interest will cease on the days when they respective-
ly become due.
The notes included in this notice will be redeemed by the
Depositories of the United States in the city of New York, or
at the city of Washington, or at the Treasury.
june 30-2awt26 Aug Secretary of the Treasury.
McCULLOCH'S New Universal Gazetteer, to be
completed in 18 or 20 Nos. at 26 cents each. The first
No. is just received by F. TAYLOR.
Also, No. 10 of Allison's History of Europe, just received.
june 17
T HE H-- FAMILY, by Frederika Bremer, translated
from the Swedish. Just published and for sale by
may 22 corner of llth street and Penn. av.
M A. ROOT'S PENMANSHIP, in three parts;
primary, intermediate, and final; each part in 4 books.
Teachers now have an opportunity of avoiding the cost and trouble
incident to the employment of Writing Masters, and securing,
by the use of Rooet's Writing Books, uniformly higher excellence
in the art than is now attained. These form a scientific, easily
comprehended, rapidly progressive, and pleasing system. They
will be enabled, also, to instruct double the number of pupils
with the same labor, and at less than half the cost for books than
by the use of any other system ; and all persons who have passed
the period of school tuition without securing that facility, ease,
and beauty of penmanship so necessary in the transaction of
business, and so desirable in the intercourse of friendship and all
the relations oh life requiring epistolary correspondence, may now
realize that accomplishment by appropriating such leisure mo-
ments as may well be spared to the private use of Root's books,
which form, in addition to their value for schools, a system for
self-instruction unequalled. For sale at the Book and Stationery
Store of R. FARNHAM, corner of llth street and Pennsylvania
avenue, ap 29
T|fHE LAST OF THE BARONS, by Bulwer, now
.1 on the way from New York, is expected this day by P.
TAYLOR. In book form, complete, for 25 cents, feb 20
STATES, illustrated by a series of maps, in which the
ancient, middle, and modern geography of our country is pro-
gressively displayed. Complete in one volume 8vo. This is a
revised and mush improved edition of a former work, of which
the Han. Daniel Webster said, 1 keep it lying on my table for
daily reference and instruction."
Just published, and for sale at the Book and Stationery store of
may27 Corner of llth streetand Penn. avenue.
price 15 cents, in book form, just received and for sale by
june 7 P. TAYLOR,
cheap editions, just imported from London by F. TAY-
LOR.-Complete works of Ben Jonson, edited by Barry Corn-
wall, 1 vol. large octavo, 6 b60; complete works of Beaumont and
Fletcher, edited by George Darley, 2 vols. large octavo, $11;
complete works of Massinger and Ford, edited by Hartley Cole
ridge, I vol. large octavo, $6 50; complete works of Wycharley,
Congreve, Vanribrugh, and Farquhar, edited by Leigh Hunt, the
four complete in one vol. large octavo, $5 50; Shakspeare, edited
by Thomas Campbell, 1 large octovo, $65 50.
The above are beautifully printed and embellished with Por-
traits, A&o. &c. and enriched with Notes, Criticisms, Introduc-
tions, Biographies, Reviews, &c. &c. of each author, by theable
Editors named above, and constitute by far the best series of
the English dramatic writers that has yetappeared. For sale by
the set or single volume ; a very few copies only imported.
Also, Charles Lamb's Selections from the early dramatic Poets
of Great Britain, 2 vols. London, $4. ap 17
_ISTORY OF CONGRESS, during the firstterm of
General Washington, exhibiting a classification of the
Proceedings of the Senate and House of Representatives, from
March, 1789, to March, 1793. 1 vol. octavo. Just published and
this day received for sale by P. TAYLOR.
STATES, including the original Bank of North America, com-
piled by M. St. Clair Clarke and D A. Hall, Esqs., complete in
1 volume. For sale, and a few copies only remaining, by
feb 23 F. TAYLOR.
TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
nent residence, will undertake, with his accustomed zeal and dil-
igence, the settlement of claims generally; and moreparticularly
claims before Congress, against the United States, or the several
Departments thereof, and before any Board of Commissioners that
may be raised for the adjustment of spoliation or other claims.
He has now in charge the entire class arising out of French spo-
liations prior to the year ISto0 with reference to which, in addi-
tion to a mass of documents and proofs in his possession, he has
access to those in the archives of the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the navy fund, &c. bounty lands,
return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance, can
have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid,)
and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and inconvenient
personal attendance.
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepared
to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents or
other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of an
agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy and
prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided to his
eare ; and that, to enable himn to render his services aud facili-
tree Meore efficacious, he has become familiar with all the forms
of office.
Office on F street, near the new Treasury Building.
feb 25-
AWS OF THE PUBLIC LANDS, in 2 volumes,
containing all the Laws of Congress respecting the sale and
disposition of the Public Lands, and the instructions issued from
time to time by the Secretaries oftheTreasury and the Commis-
sioners of the General Land Office, and the official Opinions of
the Attorneys General on questions arising under the land laws
with many engraved Maps, Plats, and Surveys. For sale by
jan 13 F. TAYLOR.
UOOKS FOR YOUTH.-A large supply on hand, for
UMsale by F. TAYLOR, embracing all that have been pub
lished lately, as well as the most approved of the older writers-
Miss Edgeworth, Mary Howitt, Peter Parley and others-suited
to every age and taste.
Also, colored Toy Booucks, Drawing Books, Albums, richly
bound Bibles and Prayer Books of every size. English and Ame
rican ; and a large supply of elegant ornamental editions of stan
dard authors in poetry and prose of every size and variety ; some
of them beautifully illustrated, others richly bound; all for sale
at extremely low prices, mar 2
VIRGIL, with English notes, prepared for classical
S schools and colleges, 1 volume, by Francis Bowen, A. M.,
just published and for sale by P. TAYLOR.
Also, school books, classical, mathematical, and general.-A
large supply constantly kept up of every kind, the best and
latest editions in ever) case, and for sale at extremely low prices.
The largest deduction made to teachers and country merchants
mar 8

NSURES LIVES for one or more years, or fot life.

Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
Age One year Seven years. For life.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1.36 2.36
35 1 36 1.53 275
40 1.69 183 320
46 1.91 1.96 3.73
50 1.96 2.09 4.60
55 232 3.21 5.78
60 435 4.91 7.00
Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
60 years of age, 10.65 percent.
65 do 12.27 do per annum.
70 do 1419 do. )
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of a child, the
Company will pay, if he attain 21 years of age, $469
At six months, 408
One year, 375
The Company also executes trusts, receives money on deposit,
paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and makes
all-kinds of contracts in which life or the interest of money is in.
volved. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.
Agent for Washington. JAMES H CAUSTRN. mar l-tf
CHEAP WRITING PAPERS.-Letter paper, ruled,
31 50 per ream, smooth, firm, and thick, such as has been
sold heretofore in the market for $3. Superfine paper, ruled,
highly glazed, pure white, 82 per ream. Superfine satin surface
cap paper, ruled, 82 25 per ream. This day received from the
North, for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, a large supply of Blank Books, of every kind, size, and
description, of the best quality, for sale at prices materially less
than the same have ever before been sold for in this market.

T HE URSULINE MANUAL, or a Collection of
SPrayers, Spiritual Exercises, &c. interspersed with the
various instructions necessary for forming youth to the practice of
solid piety, originally arranged for the young ladies educated at
the Ursuline Convent, corrected and revised by the Rev. John
Power, and approved by the Right Rev. Dr. Hughes.
The subscriber has on hand a large assortment of the above
Books, all sizes, handsomely bound in Turkey morocco and gilt.
Also common binding. R. FARNHAM,
ap 18 Corner ofI lth street and Penn. avenue.
N EW BOOKS.-This day received for sale by F. TAY-
LOR, volume I of Agnes Strickland's Lives of the Queens
of England, new and cheap edition, at 50 cents per volume.
Lights, Shadows, and Reflections of Whigsand Tories by a Coun-
try Gentleman, 1 vol. 76 cents. The Physical Diagnosis of Dis-
eases of the Lungs, by W. H. Waishe, M. D., 1 vol. The Wish-
ton-Wish, by Cooper, price 60 cents, cheap sliies. Number
three of the cheap edition of Lord Byron's Works, published at
25 cents per number, large type, fine paper and engravingso. Part
10 of Professor Murray's Encyclopedia of Geography, at 26 cents
per number. Number 6 of Martin Chuzziewit, price 61 cents.
And all other of the cheap publications of the day. June 29
ASH IkOR NEGROEI.-The subscriber wishes to
purchase twenty or thirty negroes, and will pay the high
est market price. Persons having negroes to sell will find it to
their interest to give him a call before they sell. I can be always
found at my residence, corner of 7th street and Marylandavenue.
All communications through the post office will be promptly
attended to.
0u44 2-j4i- WN. H. IIaARWD

CHARLES S. WALLACH, Attorney at Law,
WILL practice in the several Courts of the District of Co-
lumbia, and attend to the prosecution and adjustment of
claims before Congress and the several Departments.
Joseph H. Bradley, Esq., Attorney at Law, )
General Roger C. Weightmian, Washington.
General Alexander Hunter,
Dr. William Powell,
Messrs. Powell & Marbury, Alexandria.
Messrs. A. G. Cazenove & Co.
Samuel Ward, Esq. Yo
A. Casselli & Co. ew or
Dr. John Revere, ) Philadelphia.
Mr. Thomas W. Bridges, na .
Richard Ribbins, Esq., Attorney at Law, Boston.
Messrs. Robbins & Earl,
Hon. John B. Dawson, Louisiana.
Hon. John Moore, I
E. T. Sterling, Esq. ) Cleveland Ohio.
Messrs. R. Winslow, & Co. Oi.
J. W. Zacharie & Co, ) Ne Orln
Bryan Austin & Co. ew rleans.
Hon. Cuthbert Powell, Virginia. ap 14-2aw3m
and THOMAS L. THRUSTON have opened an office in
Washington, D. C., in Gadeby's Hotel, and will devote their time
to the settlement of claims of every description before Congress
and the several Departments of the Government, including claims
for military and navy pensions; for lands under the pre-emption
and other laws; claims arising under treaties, &c.; the settle-
ment of accounts of disbursing agents who cannot attend in per-
son ; the purchase and sale of real estate; the collection of bills
and notes or other evidences of debt.
Any business which may be entrusted to them will be faith-
fully and promptly attended to at moderate charges, and all mo-
neys received will be promptly transmitted on the day of their
Letters, post paid, addressed to Bradley & Thruston, Washing-
ton, D. C. will meet with instant attention.
References may be made to the members of both Houses of
Congress, and to the residents of Washington generally, and to
The Han. ABBOTT LAWEaNcz, Boston.
J. J. PALMBrn, Esq. President of Merchants' Bank, New York.
RICHAnD PETERS, Esq. Reporter of Supreme Court, Philad.
JOHN GLENN, Esq. Baltimore.
The Hon. JOHN McLEAN, Judge of the Supree Court, Ohio.
ALFR ED THRUSTON, ESq. Louisville, Kentucky.
The Hun. CHALESa M. CoctRAn, New Orleans.
Do. LUKE E. LAWLESS, St. Louis, Mo.
Do. CHARLIzs F. ManoCa, Floiila.
His Excellenrcy GOV. CALL, Florida.
dec 16-dtf
ARMI NA SACRA; or Boston Collection of Church
Music. Comprising the most popular Psalm and Hymn
tunes in general use ; together with a great variety of new Tunes,
Chants, Sentences, Motette, and Anthems, principally by distin-
guished European composers. The whole constituting one of
the most complete collections of Music for Choirs, Congregations.
Singing Schools, and Societies, extant. By LOWELL MASON,
Professor in the Boston Academy of Music, editor of the Boston
Handel and Haydn collection of Church Music, the Choir or
Union collection, the Boston Academy's collection, the Modern
Psalmist, and various ether Musical works.
A few copies of the above work just received and for sale by
mar 24 R. FARNHAM, Pernn. av. corner of 1 lIth street.
EW CHEAP WORKS.-Rambles in Yucatan, by
N Norman, with engravings, complete in 2 volumes, at 50
cents per volume ; Mrs. Ellis's Wives of England, complete for
25 cents; Mental Hygiene, or an examination ofthe intellect and
passions, by Win. Sweetser, M. D. Just received by
ap 22 F. TAYLOR,
--- on Mexico is just received by F. TAYLOR, immediately
east of Gadsby's. jan 18
OZ'S NEW WORK, the Lite and Adventures
of Martin Chuzzlewit.-No. 1 of the above is just
received by F. TAYLOR. feb 1
S APRIL, 1843, this day received by F. TAYLOR.
Contents : Life and Labor of De Candolle ; Birds of Connecti-
cut; Fossil Human Bones, found in South America; Suburban
Geology of Richmond, Indiana; Dove on the Law of Storms;
Meteorological Journal for 1842; Proceedings of the Briish As-
sociation ; United States Exploring Expedition; Great Comet of
1843 ; and much other valuable and interesting matter, price 86
per annum, ap 25
A to undertake the agency of claims before Congress and
other branches of the Government, including commissioners
under treaties, and the various public offices. He will attend to
pre-emption and other land claims, the procuring of patents for
public lands, and the confirmation by Congress of grants and
claims to lands; claims for property lost in or taken for the service
of the United States; property destroyed by the Indians, or
while in the possession of the United States; invalid, revolu-
tionary, navy, widows', and half-pay pensions; claims for Revo.
lutionary services, whether for commutation, half pay, or bounty
lands, as well those against the State of Virginia as the United
States ; all claims growing out of contracts with the Government,
or damages sustained in consequence of the action or conduct of
the Government; and, indeed, any business before Congress or
the public offices which may require the aid of an agent or attor
ney. His charges will be moderate, and depending upon the
amount of the claim and the extent of the service.
In the prosecution of claims against Mexico, under the late
Convention, Mr. F. A. Dickins and the Hon. C. P. Van Ness,
late Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the
United States in Spain, are associated; and any claim sent to
either of them will receive their united and prompt attention.
Mr. P. A. Dickins is known to most of those who have been in
Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied any
public station at Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania avenue, between Puller's Hotel
and the Treasury Department, and his residence is on 13th street,
between Pennsylvania avenue and F street.
All letters must be post paid dec 14-dtf
ADIES' HAND-BOOK of Fancy Needlework and
Embroidery, containing plain and ample directions. One
pocket volume, with engravings, price 50 cents. London, 1842.
A few copies just imported by F. TAYLOR
Also, the Ladies' Hand-book of Knitting and Netting. One
pocket volume, with several engravings, price 60 cents, ap 15
RMY REGISTER.-Just Ipublished and for sale at
Stationers' Hall, the official Army Regjster for 1843, by
order of the Secre'ary of War, in compliance with the resolution
of the Senate, December 13, 1815, and of the House of Represent
atives. February I, 1830. Price 60 cents. feb 6
SAW BOOKS.-This day received for sale by F. TAY
LOR-Treatise on the Lawof Set-Off, with an Appendix of
Precedents, by Oliver L Harbour, Counsellor, 1 vol. Conkling
(Alfred) on the Organization and Jurisdiction of the Supreme and
District Courts of the United States, the practice of these several
Courts in Civil and Criminal cases, of the Supremre and Circuit
Courts on Writ of Error and Certificates of division of Opinion, and
ofthe District Courts in cases ofMunicipal Seizure, and much other
matter, 1 volume. The American Chancery Digest, a digested
Index of all the Reported Decisions in Equity in the United States
Courts and in the Courts of the several States, by Jacob D. Wheel
er, Counsellor at Law, 2 vols. Warren's Law Studies. Clancey
on Husband and Wife. Dean's Law Manual. Ballaitine on
Limitations. &c &Ac. For sale at the lowest New York prices.
HEAP BLANK BOOKS.-A largesupplyof every
S size and every variety of Blank and Account Books, is just
received by P. TAYLOR, purchased at the North for cash, at
prices which admit of their being sold at lower rates than the
same (having regard to quality) have ever before been sold forin
Washington. All of tie finer descriptions, as well as of the
cheaper qualities, will be found on hand. Good common Foolscap
and Letter Paper at -1 76 per ream. F. TA.LOR.

ANLY EXERCISES, by Donald Walker, I vol.
containing very numerous engravings, and giving full in-
structions for Riding, Driving, Boxing, Skating, Swimming, Sail-
ing, and other of the manly sports and exercises, gymnastics,
&c. Price one dollar. F. TAYLOR.
F RANCE, by Gov, Cass.-Prance, its King, Court, a,,d
Government, by an American, I vol. For sale by
feb 20 bF TAYLOR'

,'I.HE BUILDER'S GUIDE; containing Lists of Prices
AL and Rules of Measurement for Carpenters, Bricklayers,
Stonamasons, Stonecutters, Plasterers, Saisters, Painters and Gla-
ziers. Also, a Table of Lineal, Square, and Cubic Measures;
Rules for the Mensuration of Superficies and Solids; the Build-
ing Regulations as now in force ; the Laws relative to Buildings;
the Lien Laws, &c ; the prices prepared and furnished by socie-
ties or individuals of the several trades in Washington. Just
published and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
nov29 corner of llth street and Penn. ave.
don, 1843. Guizot's History of the English Revolution
from the accession of Charles I, translated from the French by
Courier, 2 vols. Year Bwok of Facts for 1843, 1 vol. London,
1843. The Horse, by William Youatt, I1 vol. octavo, London,
1843. Sproule's Treatise on Agriculture, 1 vol. octavo, London,
1843. Acting Charades; Charades for Acting, by Miss Ellen
Pickering, author of The Expectant, Darnel, &c. and other
niew English books. This day received from London direct by
may 17 P. TAYLOR.

Orphans' Court, June 0, 1843.
istrictof Columbia, Washington county, to wit :
IN the case of Leonard Harbaugh, administrator of John
Laughan, deceased. The administrator of said John Laugbhan,
decease m, with the approbation of the Orphans' Court for said
county, has appointed Tuesday, the fifth day of December next,
for the settlement of said estate, and for payment and distribution.
under the Court's direction and control, of the assets in the hands
ef said administrator, so far as collected and turned into money,
when and where all the creditors and heirs of said deceased are
notified to attend; provided a copy of this order be published in
the National Intelligencer once a week for six successive weeks
previous to said 5th day of December next.
Test: ED. N. ROACH,
.junne 7-w6t Register of Wills.
N EW MEDICAL BOOKS.-Churchill on Diseases of
Females, edited with notes by R. M. Huston, of Philadel-
phia, 1 vol.; Ricord's Practical Treatise on Venereal Diseases,
translated from the French, I vol.; Bartlett on Typhoid and Ty-
phus fever, I evol.; Dunglison's Therapeutics and Materia Medi-
ca, 2 vols.; Homoaopathy, by Haris Dunsford,M. D. I vol.; The
American Journal of Medical Science, edited by Dr. Hays, for
January, 1843, published for $5 per annum; The Medical News
and Library, No. 1, to be published monthly, for one dollar per
annum. Just received by F. TAYLOR.
S. Cohncan : regular contributors, Rev. Jacob Abbott and
T.8. Arthur. Price $1 25 a year, or ten copies to one address
fer$1O, in advance.
Also, MARCO PAUL'S ADVENTURES in pursuit of know-
ledge, entirelyoriginal, by Rev. Jacob Abbott, authosof the Rollo
and Lucy Books. Price 124 cents each part, or ten parts for t1.
The above works are got up with great care, having in view
the encouragement of good taste, and the real welfare of the rising
generation. -They were commenced in January, 1843, and will
be continued monthly. Published by T. H. Carter & Co., 118j
Washington street, Boston, and may hbe hd at the corner of 11th
street and Petasylysia itvnoel, Washington.
f(b 41 1. PAANHAM,


ly known to our philanthropic citizens that the Freemen's
Vigilant Total Abstinence Society have been induced to com-
mence the erection of a Hall, to subserve the purposes and cause
of Temperance, and that to enable them to do it the Society have
determined to appeal tothe sympathies and liberality of their fel-
low-citizens for donations and subscriptions of stock. The ven-
erable Join P. VAN Nass, Esq. has made them a most liberal
donation of a lot, subject only to the following restrictions, which
will forever secure it as the grand rallying point in this city of the
Temperance forces:
Extracts from Gen. Van Ness's Letlter of June 13, 1843.
1 will proceed to specify such intended exclusions' as occur
to me, viz: A warehouse, store, or factory, fortrade, &c ; a house
of entertainment or tavern; assembly-rooms; a theatre ; anodeon ;
a museum; a printing establishment; a college, or university for
general instruction or science; private residence or residences
not necessary for the safety or comfortable maintenance of the
buildings, or as useful minor appendages, to forward most ad-
vantageously by lecturing, discoursing, exhorting, teaching, and
inculcating the Temperance doctrine and creed; even a church,
for conclusive reasons that will doubtless strike you.
1 propose that in case of a diversion of the property from its
intended and legitimate destination, the lot is to revert, &c
Now, in such reversion I do not mean to include the buildings or
improvements erected or made by the Society ; but if the contin-
gency should ever unfortunately occur, (which God forbid 1) from
any untoward causes whatever, that the contemplated establish-
ment, as a great Temperance Hall or Rendezvous, shall be de-
termined by those who may have the legal possessory right to be
otherwise appropriated and used, 1 shall, in that event, expect
the ground only to revert; that is, the institution may, within
say one year, remove or dispose of the building; or they may, if
more to their interest dispose of the joint property, reserving or
yielding to me only the fair price at the time of the ground-apart
from the buildings-such a price as it would be worth in case
there were no building thereon."
At a meeting of the Stock Committee on Monday evening, July
10, in order to carry out the objects of the S&ciety,-the following
preamble and resolutions were adopted :
Whereas, the Stock Committee of the Freemen's Vigilant To-
tal Abstine, ce Society being convinced that the citizens of Wash-
ington are favorably disposed to the cause of Total Abstinence,
and that they would freely contribute for the erection of a Tern-
perarce Hall, if called upon; therefore,
Resolved That a proper application be made to the citizens,
and that an authorized Agent be appointed to wait upon them and
solicit subscriptions of stock and donations.
Resolved, That AUGusTus F. CUNNINuiUAM be and heis here-
by appointed said Agent, and he is hereby authorized and empow-
ered to receive and receipt for subscriptions of stock, and accept
donations to be applied to the erection of the contemplated Tem-
perance Hall in the city of Washington.
Resolved, That the above resolutions be published in all the
papers of the city.
A true copy from the minutes.
Tests: Z. K. OFFUTr, Secretary.

In accordance with the above resolutions and appointment, the
subscriber will wait upon the citizens generally at as early a day
as practicable, when he trusts the hopes and expectations of the
Society and the committee will be realized.
july 12-WS&Tu A. P. CUNNINGHAM, Agent.
TING INKS.-W. FISCHER, importer and dealer
n Fancy avd Staple Stationery, has recently received, direct
from the manufacturer in London, Stephens's patent blui-black
Writing Fluid. This article, which writes of a blue t first, has
the peculiar property of becoming an intense black afterwards;
it contains combinations calculated to ensure a higher degree of
permanence, with greater facility of writing, more especially with
steel pens, than ever can be attained by the black dyes, colors,
or common Inks. It has been in extensive use in all climates for
several years. It answers admirably for use with the copying
machine, and is used in several of the offices of Government,
particularly the Department of State.
Terry's Copying Ink. The peculiar property of this Ink is the
facility with which it renders a most perfect copy; it also possesses
every other essential quality requisite in the best writing Ink.
This Ink will yield a copy within twenty-four hours after writing.
Cooper & Phitlips's (formerly Walkdcn) extra fine black
Writing Ink. Also constantly on hand, Maynard and Noyes,
D. Zelt & Co., and Edward Kent's copying and waiting black and
red Inks, for wholesale and retail, at Stationers' Hall.
Stephens's instantan aous black Writing Fluid. This fluid has
the property of writing immediately black. It is the purest black
Ink ever offered to tl e public ; it has no sediment, and forms no
incrustation about the pens or ink-holder, and flows with remark-
able facility. mar 24
PILGRIMS tiF THIU RHINE,by Bulwer, Harper's
edition, price 121 cents; No. 3, of the Cheap Family Li-
brary, Harper s edition, price 25 cents; No. 6, Brande's Ency-
cyclopedia, Harper's edition, price 25 cents ; Conquest and Self
Conquest, or which makes the Hero, one volume, just received
by ap 21 F. TAYLOR.
Ld Horticulture; or, an attempt to explain the principal opera-
tions of Gardening upon physiological principles. By John
Lindley, F. R. S. With notes by A. J. Downing and A. Gray.
For sale at the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
nov 10 corner of lth street and Peun. avenue.
ICTORIAL NAPOLEON, Vicar of Wakefield, Ro
S binson Crusoe, all illustrated with engravings. Gems from
Travellers, German Prose Writers, Political History of New York,
Flugel's German Dictionary, 8vo. 2 vols., and many others, for
sale at MORRISON'S Rookatore.
EGRAPH, describing the various methods, either by
flags or other semaphores, and the machines in use at the Admi
rally, at Liverpool, Holyhead, London, and other places, I small
volume with engravings, just published in London. A few co-
pies imported by F. TAYLOR.
Also, this day received from London, Bailey's Astronomical
Tables and Formula, and Explanatory Problems, and Elements
ofthe Solar System, I vol. 8vo. by Francis Bailey, President of
the Astronomical Society of London; The Nature, Properties,
and Applications of Steam, and on Steam Nns~gsi.o,. by John
Stott Russell, I vol.; Treatise on the Stea-n Engirne, by John
Scott Russell, 1 volume ; Clerk's Naval Tactics, with Notes by
Lord Rodney, 1 volume; Boileau's Traverse Tables ; British
Naval Biography ; British Nautical Almanacs, for 1944, 1845, and
1846; Naval Routine, by Lieut. Fordyce, Royal Navy, I volume;
Miles's Epitome of the Royal Naval Service, I volume ; Captain
Sir John Ross on Steam and Steam Navigation, 1 volume ; Tred.
gold on Steam and the Steam Engine, 2 large volumes; Hugo
Reed on the Steam Engine, its Construction, Action, History, and
the Laws of Heat and Pneumatics; and many other valuable
works on the same classes of science, j uns 9
in number, some published originally in 2 vols. others in 3
vols. at an aggregate price of $15. The whole now comprised in
one large volume, handsome edition, and neatly bound, complete
for $2 50. For sale, a few copies only, by
jan 233. TAYLOR.
cheap, in two large handsome volumes, with portrait, and
Memoir and Essay on his Life and Genius, by Arthur Murphy,
price 33 60, (published at 87,) containing The Rambler, The Ad-
venturer, The Idler, Rasselas, Tales, Poems, Letters, Irene, a tra-
gedy, Lives of the Poets, Political Tracts, Philological Tracts,
Miscellaneous Tract-, Reviews and Criticisms, Journey to the
Western Islands of Scotland, Prayersi a and Meditations.
jan 7. TAYLOR.
N EW ENGLISH O.OOKS.-lmported direct from Lon-
1 don by PF TAYLOR, aud just received. List No. three:
The" Red Book," or Royal Kalendar and Court and City Register
for England, Scotlond, Ireland, and the Colonies, for It43; the
New Annual Army List for 1843, with an Index, giving the dates
of commissions, together with a statement of the war services and
wounds of nearly every officer of the army, ordnance, artd ma-
rines, by Lieut. Hart, 49th regiment, 1 vol. octave; British Navy
List for 1343 ; Marine Surveying and Hydrometry, by David
Stevenson, civil engineer, t vol. octavo, London, 1842 ; Transac-
tions of the Institute of Civil Engineers, vol. 3, quarto, with many
engravings, London, 1842; Practice of Navigation and Nautical
Astronomy by Lieut. Raper, Royal NavytI vol. octavo; the Prac
tice and Forms of Courts Martial and Courts of Enquiry, by a
Field Oftecer, 1 vol., London, 1842; McArthur on Naval and
Military Courts Martial, 2 vols.; Military Law Authorities, by Major
W. Hough, 1 sol. octavo, Calcutta, 1839 ; Tredgoid on the Steam
Engine, its application to Navigation, Naval Architecture, Manu-
factures, &c., 1 vol. quarto, with large folio Atlas of Plates; Capt.
John Rosa, Royal Navy, on Steam, the Steam Engine, Steam Na-
vigation and its Naval Tactics, as applicable to Commerce, Mari-
time Warfare, and National Defence, 1 vol. quarto; the New
Tariff, (British;) Adcock's Engineers' Pocket Book for 1843; the
British Almanac for 1843, and Companion to ditto, 1 vol. 360
pages; Memoirs of Lieut. General Sir Thomas Picton, 2 vols.;
Directions for Laying off Ships, by J. Fincham, Master Ship.
wright of Chatham Dock-yard, and Superintendent of the British
School of Naval Architecture, 1 volume, and large Atlas; British
Nautical Almanac for 1846 ; and a variety of other works on the
different branches of Military and Naval Science and Service,
too numerous for the present advertisement. List to becontinued.
Books, Statiovery, and Periodicals imported to order from Lon-
don and Paris. ap 14
TORY ON BILLS.-Commentaries on the Law of Bills
of Exchange, foreign and inland, as administered in Eng-
land and America, with illustrations from the Commercial Law of
the nations of Continental Europe. By Judge Story. One vo-
lume, octavo, 1843. This day received and for sale by
Also, the American Jurist and Law Magazine, No. 28, 86 per
annum; and the March number of the Law Library, 810 per
annumm mar 17

TI/QUITIES, by William Smith, Ph. D, 1 large oc-
tavo volume, with numerous illustrations, very handsome, Lon-
don, 1842. Just imported by F. TAYLOR, and this day receiv-
ed. Also, Bosworth's Dictionary of the Anglo Saxon Language,
I vol. Plugel's German and English Dictionary, 2 vols. octavo.
Tooke's Di/ersions of Purley, new edition, complete in I volume
octavo. Pictorial History of England during the reign of George
the Third, two large octavo volumes; numerous valuable engrav-
ngs. may 18
' i 'HE QUEBHEC BILL.-Debates of the House of Coin-
U mons in 1774 on the Canada Bill, now first published by
the Editor of the Parliamentary History, from the Notes of Sir
Henry Cavendish, Member for Lostwithiel. Complete in one
volume octavo, London, with maps, copied from the second edition
of Mitchell's Map of North America, referred to in-the debates.
Just received by F. TAYLOR, price 81 25 may11
VIEWS FOR JUN E, 1843, are this day received
by the Boston steamer (Engifh editions, in large type) for the
use of the subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Libary. Also,
Doctor Olin's Travels in the East, 2 vols.; The False Hair, by
James; The Lost Ship, a Tale of the Atlantic; The Days ol
Queen Mary, and alt other recent books. Also, the North Ameri-
can Review, the Knickerboaeker, the Museum, and other Ameri
can periodicals. The Librsry is regularly supplied with a num-
ber of copies of every New Work immediately upon publica-
tion. Terms of subscriptions Five dollars per annum, three dol.
lars for six months, or one dollar for a jogle month.
1441 92211, TAYLOR,

SALE.-The subscriber offers for sale, if appliration be
made before the 26L of this Month, the western division of
square 352 in the city of Wash ngton, fronting I I I feet II inches
on Maryland avenue, 26 i feet 6 I nchBs on I liLhii tietiL west, and 63J
feet 4 inches on C street south, with a two-story brick dwelling-
house, smoke-house, and other out-houses thereon. The dwel-
ling is covered with slate, and has been built in the mostsubstan-
tial manner of the best materials. The ground, containing up-
wards of 21,000 square feet, has been laid out and cultivated as a
fruitand vegetable garden, and furnishes choice varieties of plums,
grapes, figs, apples, and pears, besides apricots, peaches, rasp-
berries, currants, and gooseberries, in sufficient abundance for a
family throughout the year. A pump in the yard and one in the
street afford a supply of pure water.
Three thousand dollars will be required in hand, the balance
properly secured with interest will he made payable in three
equal instalments.
The property will be shown to those desirous of purchasing at
any time between 12 and 2 o'clock.
june l2-3taw2wdp L. H. MACHEN.
FOR SALE, the House now occupied by the subscriber, in
this city, being the middle tenement in Franklin Row, K
street, between 12th and 13th streets. For terms apply to R. W.
may 30--awtf
S Reports of Cases argued and determined in the Supreme
Court of the State of New York, by Nicholas Hill, Jr. 3 vols.
Just published (1843) and this day received for sale by
Also, the Code Napoleon, literally translated f sm the original
and official edition, by a Barrister of the Inner Temple, 1 volume.
Institutes of Justinian, with notes, by Thomas Cooper, second
edition, I vol. Jones's Introduction to Legal Science, 1 volume.
Lube's Equity Pleading, by Wheeler, 1 volume. And other Law
books, juat opened, mar At
NIVERSALISM Examined, Renounced, Ex-
posed, by Matthew Hale Smith, I vol. ; Book of Religions,
comprising the views, creeds, and opinions of all the principal
religious sects in the world, particularly of all Christian denomi-
nations, 1 vol. by John Hayward ; Parables by Krummacher,
translated from the German by Professor J. H. Agnew, I vol.
Just published and this day received for sale by
dec 30 F. TAYLOR.
0CHOOL BOOKS.-The subscriber has just received
(from the North his usual supply of School Books, selected
with great care, in regard to binding and the best editions. Pa-
rents and teachers will find at his store every school book now
used in the District and the adjoining country, and they will be
sold as low as they can be bought here or elsewhere.
Spl8 Corner of lIth street and Penn. avenue.
S lished, and this day received by P. TAYLOR, complete in
one volume octavo, The History of Ireland, commencing with its
earliest period to the great Expedition against Scotland in 1546,
by Thomas Moore. june 8
I and this day opened, Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular
Delusions, 3 vols. ostavo, by Charles Mackay, Esq The Art of
Conversation, by Captain Orlando Sabertash, I small volume.
Attica and Athens, by Lockhart, I vol. octavo. Chess Exempli-
fied, I small volume. Food, and its Influence on Health and
Disease, by M. Truman, M.D. I vol. Life, Health, an1 Disease,
by Edward Johnson, surgeon, sixth edition, I vol. Brougham's
Political Philosophy, 1 volume octavo. The Political Lile of
Edmund Burke, by George Croley, LL.D 2 vols. Prior's Me-
moir of the Life and Character of Edmund Burke, compared with
those of his great contemporaries, 1 vol. octave. Speeches of
Sheridan, 3 volumes octavo, edited by a Constitutional Friend,
London, 1842. Guide to the Conservatory and Hothouse, by
Bainbridge, 1 vol. Woodhouse's Practical System of Short-hand
Writing. The complete works of Montaigne, edited by Hazlett,
I vol. large octavo, London, 1842. And many other valuable
London works, some of them entirely new. ap 13
imported by P. TAYLOR, and this day received, Riddle's
Navigation and Nautical Astronomy, new and improved edition,
London, 1842; Walton's Collection of Problems in illustration of
the Principles of Theoretical Mechanics, 1 vol. London, 1842 ;
Principles and Practice of Law, Engineering, Trigonometrical,
Subterraneous, and Marine Surveying, by Charles Bourns, Civil
Engineer, 1 vol. London, 1843; Mosely's Mechanical Principles
of Engineering and Architecture, 1 vol. London, 1843; Chemistry
of Animal Bodies, by Thomas ThompsonM.D. 1 vIol. Edinburgh,
1843; Trigonometrical Surveying, Topography, Military Recon-
noissance, Geodesy and Practical Astronomy, by Lieut. From,
Royal Engineers, 1 vol. London ; Military Surveying, Sketching
in the Field, Plan Drawing, Levelling, and Military Reconnais-
sance, by Major Basil Jackson of the Royal Staff Corps, I vol.
London ; the Steam Engine, by Hugo Reid, 1 vol I ondon; the
Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle for 1842, complete,
bound in one volume, a Journal of Papers en subjects connected
with Maritime affairs; the British Army List for March, 1843;
Falconer's Marine Dictionary, edited by William Burney of the
Naval Academy, G sport, England, 1 vol. quirto ; Outlines of
Naval Routine, by Lieut. Fordyce, Royal Navy ; and many other
valuable works of Practical Science in all its branches. List to
be continued may 20
S lau]me Tell Pouwsin, ex major au Corps du Genie Ameri-
cain, two volumes, Paris, 1843; Oeuvres Choisies de Napoleon
par et Pujol, one volume, Paris, 1843 ; Histoire Populaire Anec-
dotique et Pettore sque de Napoleon et de la Grande Armes, par
E. M. de Saint Hilaire, illustree par David, one volume, Paris,
1843, with several hundred engravings; Histoire de la Revolu-
tion Francais, par Thiers, cheap Brussels copy, complete in four
volumes, octavo, imported direct by P. TAYLOR, and this day
received, may 8
SEW CHEAP WORKS.-Just received by P. TAY-
LOR, The Lawyer, his character, &e. complete, price 25c.;
Military Operations at Cabul, price 25c.; No 4 of Martin Chuz-
zlewit, by Boz, 6jc.; Mrs. Washington Potts and Mr. Smith, tales
by Miss Leslie, 26o ; No. 6 of Encyclopedia of Geography, 25c.;
No. 6 of Farmers' Encyclopmdia, 25c.; No. 4 of the Rocky Moun-
tains, by Irving, 25c ; Harry Lorrequar, complete for 50oc.; May
No. of the Lady's Book. may 8

STURES, AND MINES, cheap.-Cumplete in one
large octavo volume, 1,340 closely printed pages, and over 1,200
engravings, full bound in leather. Complete for $56 6 .
may 1 FP. TAYLOR.

Sa series of Standard Works, for the asu of the Practitioner
of Specific Medicine. Edited by Doctors W. GaiB and H. M.
HUMPHRZY. To be published by subscription.
The Library to commence with Hahnemann's Materia Medi-
ea," translated from the original German; with an improved ar-
tangemnent to facilitate reference and the study ofthe Pathogene-
sis, as exhibited in the present publication, which is a part of the
first number, to be reprinted, and now offered only as a sample
of the work. To be followed by standard works in Hommopathio
Literature; such as Hartmann's Therapeia, Hahnemann's Trea-
tise on Chronic Diseases, Rau's Organon of Specific Medicine,
Hahnemann's New Organon, and other valuable translations
from German and French standard works, as well as reprints
from the London press of desirable practical publications. The
whole to be published with strict attention to accuracy, excellence
of general matter, and style of typographical execution, and to
be confined to one octavo size, with a view to supplying the prac-
titioner of specific medicine with a handsome collection of practi-
cal literature in the science of Hommoapathy.
It is intended to issue the work in monthly numbers of sixty
pages octavo, at rFIFTY CENTS a number, payable on de very, to
commaence as soon as the subscription may warrant. The sub-
scription will be for the Library or series of works until disdcon-
tinued ; notice of discontinuance must be given to the publisher
previous to the receipt of the last number of any separate work,
in aid of which the one ts follow in the series will be duly an-
nounced. Philadelphia, April 15, 1843.
13' Subscriptions received at the Bookstore of R. FARN HAM,
corner of Ilth street and Pennsylvania avenue. ap 29
GERY.-Just imported by P. TAYLOR a few copies
only, and this day received, Yearsley on the Throat, on the en-
larged Tonsil, and elongated Uvula, I vol. London, 1843 ; ones
on Gavel, Calculus, and Gout, being Professor Liebig's Physio-
logy, applied to the prevention and cure of these diseases, I vol.
London, 1843; Johnson on Life, Health, and Disease, I vol. Lon-
don, 1843; Food and its influence on Health and Disease, by
Matthew Truman, M. D. 1 vol. London, 1843; Krauss on the
cure of Club foot, Bent knee, Wry-neck, Spinal Deformity, &c.
&c.; Lee on Stammering and Squinting, and on the Method for
their Removal, 1 vol. Landon, 1841; Curtis's Treatise on the
Physiology and Pathology of the Ear, 1 vol. octavo; and others
not enumerated. Books, Periodicals, &c. imported to order from
London and Paris. may 25
HURCH MUSIC.-W. FISCHER has just received the
Boston Acade'ny's Collection of Church Music; consisting
of the most popular psalm and hymn tunes, anthems, sentences,
chants, &c. selected from the most distinguished composers, and
arranged expressly for this work, which may be had wholesale
and retail at Stationers' Hall. ap 21
T HE MARRIAGE RING, or how to make Home Hap-
py. Prom the writings of John Angell James. For sale
at the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
may 22 corner of Ilth street and Penn. av.
G by Messrs. Eckfeldt and Dubois, assayers of the Mint of
the United States at Philadelphia, complete in one volume, with
very numerous engravings. A Manual of Gold and Silver Coins
of all nations, showing their history and legal basis, weight, fine-
ness, and valued; with treatises on bullion and plate, counterfeit
coins, specific gravity of precious metals, statistics of the produc-
tion and coinage of gold and silver in the world, and sundry use-
ful tables. A few copies just receive J for sale for the author by
may 29 F. TAYLOR.
MAGAZIN ES.-Published in New York, in book form
on fine paper and in largetype, at ore-third the English prices, the
Quarterly Review, the Edinburgh Review, the Westminster Re-
view, and the Foreign Quarterly Review. TermsI For the four,
$8 per annum; for either three of them, $7 per annum; for either
two of them, 85 per annum ; for either of them singly, 83 per
annum. For Blacekwood's Magazine (monthly) $4 per annum;
for the Dublin University Magazine, t$4 per annum; for the Chris-
tian Observer, 82 per annum.
These may be examined at the bookstore of F. TAYLOR,
where subscriptions will be received. june 15
EPISCOPAL s-RAYER BOOKS, elegantly bound
in Turkey morocco, just received, the 48mo. size, or small-
est, gilt Turkey morocco, and common binding. Also, all the
other series. R. FARNHAM,
ap 18 Corner of llth s'rest and Pem. avenue.
F OR SALE, that valuable property on the sooth side of P
street, between llh and 12th reets, adjoining the proper-
ty of D. Clagett. This property fronts fifty feet upon P swreet,
by about one hundred feet in epth. Has upon it a two-story
brirk house and a frame building, which rent for two hundred
dollars per annum.
Also, a very desirable two-story brick house and lot near !be
War Office, and immediately opposite to Major Andrews's. Peo
terms, which will be accommodating, apply to
Cashier Parmers and Mechanics Bank, or t1
Ap l--d4oclt1 5AIIA LL J. HOVtWU.


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