Daily national intelligencer


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Daily national intelligencer
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Gales & Seaton ( Washington City D.C. )
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newspaper   ( sobekcm )

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oclc - 2260099
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No. 8733

PRICE-for the Daily Paper ten dollars a year-less than a
year, one dollar a month.

SON has commenced her regular trips on the Po-
Leaves Alexandria for Washington at 8 and 10 o'clock A. M.
and Washington for Alexandria at 9 and 11 A. M.
Leaves Alexandria for Washington at 2j P. M. and Washington
for Alexandria at 3J P. M. until further notice.
jan 27-tf IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.

STAGE will leave Washington every Monday, Wed-
nesday, and Friday at 6 o'clock A. M.
STAGE will leave Washington every Monday and Thursday at 6
o'clock A. M.
For seats apply at the Steamboat Hotel, opposite the Centre
Market, on Seventh street.
JAS. A. WILLIAMS & CO., Owners.
jan 6-d6t&eo3nm BIRCH & SHEKELL, Agents.

ROAI I..lsn r,.in n *o'rw thr..,u:tiji L %hole extent, the
President atrid fi'r..-e.," In.. r...I1 -.-
That on SATURDAY, the 26th instant, and daily thereafter, at
O{ o'clock A. M., a trainof Cars will leave the Company', Ps.i.
at Annapolis, and reash the junction of its railroad with :.u li I
timore and Washington Railroad in time to connect with the train
which leaves Washington for Baltimore at the same hIour.
The returning Train will leave the Company's Depot, at the
junction of tlie two roads, immediately after thie arrival at that
place of the Train which leaves Baltimore for Washington at 9
At 3 o'clock P. M., another Train will leave the Depot at An-
napolis, and reach the Depot at the junction in time to conneQt
wibh the evening Trains from Baltimore and Washington, and will
return ti Annapolis immediately after exchanging passengers with
those Trains.
The Company's I. ... .--i..- ri ;rcl..ir." f skilful and expe-
rienced engineers. hi1 '_'I .. :.,oi...., .nl well built. Eve-
ry possible attention will be paid to the comfort of pasengers. All
possible care will ibe taken by the Company to ensure the safe
transportation and delivery of baggage.
For the whole distance between the cities of Annapolis and
Baltimore $2 00
For the whole distance between the cities of Annapolis and
W ,.i,,r,.n 2 50
For any shorter distance, at the rate of six and a quarter cents
per mile.
Tickets may be obtained at the offices of the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad Company in Baltimore and Washington, which will
enable the holders to travel free of all othercharge throughout the
line to Annapolis. And in like manner at the office of this Com-
pany in Annapolis, travellers may obtain tickets which will ena-
ble them to travel free of all other charge to Baltimore or Wash-
dec 28-d2m President.

On aid after We.Jea., iv, 17th instant, the steamboat CON-
Sr IIrtI NON will l-.a.0 Bwly'a wharf for Philadelphia every
morning, (except Sundays,) precisely at 6 o'clock; returning
same ly. .i'h the passengers from Philadelphia; putting those
bound S.j-h ,n board the Norfolk boats in the river, and those for
Wathnt.mn and the West at Baltimore, in time for the evening
train of cars. Passage $4. Meals as usual.
fa l Dan ily Excursion totFrepehtown and back.
4= The CONSTITUTION, g6ing up and down the
same day, all-r.lsa a pleasant and cheap excursion through the
bean iful energy y -l'ihe Chesapeake Bay, enjoying the seabreexe
for about nine hours.
Excursion tieltcets, including breakfast and dinner, $2.
lane 27 T. SHEPPARD, Agent.
1FOR RENT.-That spacious and commodious
I dwelling-house fronting on Prcident's S pmint, at pres-
I enti i ihe occupancy of the S.cremiry of ,n- Navy.
P,saaemiIn I'VsEn on the slet of May next. For terms apply to
the subscriber at his office, on 6th street, under Gadsby's Hotel.
feb 3-2a.4w J. B. H. SMITH.

A LEXANDND FIilA I'OU NI)RY,Steain-e5 gl
Machine Factory.--Iron, brass, and composite
iga of fevry de.rt-ur-nr., iiugh an.d low pressure steam
fire eneinee, kh..ti.m Iuois, mill and tobacco screws,
ilhes, -bellt of nll sine., hi.lr copying presses, &c.ore
chinery, executed promptly, and on the most favorable te
T. W. & R. C. St
The above have a very large assortment of patterns fan
other gearing. &c. Also, a varietyot handsome patterns
iron ral-ngs. Ac.
Tney have forsale-
One loconamltive engine
One 20 horse high pressure engine
Two 8 horse do do
One 3 horse do do
Allot which are completed, and will be sold very low
application is made. ,Oct
F OR SALE OR LEASE.-That large and
t finished house, ,ih ibh.. lot on which it stands, si
Sthe cornerofC and 3d '..etu..: The househas twelve gc
in it, with fire-places, and some few smaller rooms wil
large back build;ne, btwe'r, which and the main one is
stairway e.-.ir.nanicaiina' witl t.oth; an excellent kitchen
wall .l hine Wdlemr, %lti a pumrp,justat ihe entrance into
en ; 1 bral ,I1l L.a.:k 5ard. nr",sed with a brick wall 8 I
c.,riainim f'.i an.] liruibbery, with a fine stable, cart
fn.:.l>- h,'l'me, all ,u gut.. r.r'.-m r.
It is within a few minutes' walk of the Capitol, the (
and the Market-house, having a paved foot-walk all th
either, and possessing a full view of the railroad and th
they pass, coming in and going out, and not further than
to 300 yards from the Depot.
The sabsacriber will sell a great bargain in this prop
give a credit of one, two, and three years, for three-fourt!
purchase money. He would prefer selling to leasing; I
good tenant will take it for four or five years, it will be di
on those terms, to be delivered on the let March next,
be pa' in such order and repair as the lessee may desire.
A pil' to the subscriber, living on the premises.
In I Il-tf C________CARY SEi
RAINING STAIX LE. -The subscriber has en
services of Mr. PLEASANT H. ROWLETT to train a
horses at the Washington Race Course for the ensuil
meeting. Genil,,-rn '.m't,,u, heir horses trained are r
to make ea:ly appiaiusvnt. i'n stable willbo opened tl
ians 8-eotMarl WILLIAM HOL1
MtrAIHBL-'. YAltD.-%%. A. -'.RIFFIrH r.-pe.
1 ; f.r,.ni ie fr nn .l js t h. P lt i.: ,,, ge 1, \ il.i
opened a yard on the corner of E and Ninth streets,
intends keeping an assortment of Marble, such as head i
stones, monuments, &c. and hopes, from his strict at(
business, to receive a share of the public patronage.
jan 21-eo2w
D ICK'S WOERKS, Cheap, complete in seven I
,D -, a..lumes, '..ai,;,ir.', '.1. 1. l.:1k'.i Philosophy of
: State. Vol.2. rihe (Chritr,ia Phi....i lher. or the Con
S:i.rS-cp and Pil.a.-,plhyv ohii Religion, with ex. -inh...r
ings*. Vol. 3 Pi,- PIhI.,S.ol.-iv of Religion, an iIl.ittirA.
mcral laws of the Universe. Vol. 4. On the Improvem
eiety by the diffusion of rational and scientific information
all ranliks, with uitny .,grnaingp. V..I. 5. Oa the Menti
naien and Moral l,,Ires ,uom '1' MNi eiind, many en
V'I. 6. E ar 0.n C1,,U -n,,s-.=. Vol. 7. (< -tl...l -,'n.
-eavene, i .,V Wredea 'il t1i Planetary System display
numerous ersgravings, hi.Js -imely bound and printed ir
of 400 pige.m each. Pi ..e k.r the set $4 25, published
jani 18 F. TA'
SE(_KLL)Ij IlMerIcha .1 i'al'hr. r..ei:-if,
f hl ,: ii ; .? n g e n e r u l l s li d i l rb l V -,1'i l 1 1 [i t, ."
llney san find a' bll Ltre. ..i hIt i-re a It-r/. art.I ,e l..
i .h0i of Scelsoa -.le G,.'Jds, htch W-it I m .6d.: u' I,' .
msB ivir thal car'anu fol t 1 giv' e6a]ilwil..n i... all ohl.
pleased to give him a call.
He fe'l< ,arrnnt d in E',ieg that his stock of Ret
Clttiiing is superinr in quainly, quality of goods, and
any evir offt rrd in ihe I iiifi.
He has alo oil hand' i'rilionable assortment of Fance
of every de'seripit,.n.
Gentlemen in artid .rf any of the above goods will
their advaernlage. it' the arm in wa.tri ,.f .ut er iartl; i-',
Its ;atrrA Ii P.imn i ,rJ.:-, nretly if'p, l.: Lli.., n1 I
bIlwt en 1'2'l and IS li're ii o.
7 iHS IS To1) tIlE NCtrIt:E itt'i Ih. suL..,;
a .itained lirnmi the Orp.hian.' C..,Irt ..f \%V.,.Fnn'...
In the Districtof Columbia, letters ofadministration on thi
easl, ,. f Si ephir, Haighr, late of said County, deceased.
sonr having rl'iiris alaiest the deceased are hereby v
eshinit ihe a'rnce, with, lie vouchers thereof,to thesubs
or before thie 191h day of January next; they may o
by lw, br e'eluded from all benefit of said estate.
Given under my hand this 19th day of Janary, 1841.
Jan 21-law3w ANAH HAIGHT, Adminis

eloegantlyI I

R ESOLVED by the General Assembly of Mary-
laud, That the Treasurer of the Western Shore proceed
forthwith to call a General Meeting of the Stockholders of the
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company at Frederick upon the
ea list convenient day, in pursuance of the resolution unanimous-
ly adopted for the regulation and government of said Company by
the Stockholders thereof on the 10th day of July, eighteea hun-
dred and twenty-sight, to investigate the affairs and past manage-
ment of the Company, and to take such further order in the pre-
mises as the interest of the Stockholders may require.
By order: G. G. BREWER, Clerk;
We hereby certify that the aforegoing is a true copy of the ori-
ginal resolution which passed both branches of the Legislature of
Maryland at December session, 1840.
Given under our hands at the city of Annapolis, this 26th day
of January, 1841.
Clerk of the House of IDelegates, Md.
Clerk of the Senate, Maryland.
N OBEDIENCE to a resolution of the Genieral As-
sembly of Maryland of December session,'1840, of which the
foregoing is a copy, and in pursuance ot the resolution of the Stock-
holders therein referred to, a General Meeting of thIe Stockhold-
ers of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company is hereby called,
to assemble and be held at the C.,rr.].,,,' Offi..e in thire city of
F...I,.,..1i, in Frederick county ol .M.or) I u,. uu M hday, the 8th
.L -. i nr. I maxt, at 12 o'clock, M i t. ti'.- 'o the affairs
r i.' L tlo,.,.j,,, and their past management, and to take such fur-
ther order in the premises as trhe interest of the stockholders may

jan 30-t8thMar

Treasurer W. S. Maryland.

IG NUINE MADIIRA WINE.-TThe subscribersare
prepared to receive and execute orders for genuine south
side Madeira Wine, under the brand of cufTr..-r, & Co. Prom
the connexion of this house with HENRY VEITCH, EBq. till lately
and for many years English Consul General at Madeira, and sole
representative of the old and substantial firm of Scott, Pringle,
Veitch & Co. perfect reliance may be placed on all orders being
faithfully executed. The late cargo per Julia, from Madeira, con-
sisting of 356 pipes, hogsheads and quarter casks of wine, the
whole being imported for orders, is referred to as a sample of
the qualities and prices from this house.
Lombard street, Baltimore.
jan 7-tf [Globe & Mad.] Washington.
tfor 18 1 are just published and for sale by
jan 29 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
riety of Hull's Trusses sold and applied at C. H. JAMES'S
Drug store, Pennsylvania avenue.
Dr. HULL's RADICAL CURE TRUSS, a recent invention, and his
ABDOMINAL SUPPORTER, or Ladies' Truss, received the Gold Me-
dal from the American Institute in October last, and were report-
ed by the Medical Commission of that body as "entirely superior
to allother Trusses i n use." It is the only Truss patronized by
the Medical profession .. i rnltl.
jan 29--d2m AMOS G. HULL & CO.
UIDEC TO TRAI)E-The Chemistand Druggist.
W Guide i.. 'r .t. ---i t,. P..,ter.
Guide to T,. 1- I.--i.- Pl.i., r, Painter, and Glazier.
Just imported from London by F. TAYLOR. For sale at 50
and 38 cents each. sept 11
A COOK WANTED.-One for plain cooking, washing
and ironing. A slave would be preferred.
Apply toE. DYER or D. H. Bumi, C.p ,i Il Hill.
jan 26-3tawtf
RS. GASSAWAY has several pleasant rooms vacant en
the corner of Pennsylvania avenue and 10th street.
jan 16-eo3w
f TO LET.-A new two-story and baimetnet brick
building on I, between 6th and 7th streets.
Apply to J. C. McKELDEN,
dec 31-3tawtf Seventh street.
G Late War-nowonthe wayfrom New York-is expected
to-day or to morrow, and will be for sale I., F. TAYLOR.
O<)\ 1 Bt4K tls' MARTYRS, chlteap.-Historyof
(. tl,r,'itn Muityrtrr,r, from the commencement of Christian-
ity to the latest peri'.]- ..f Pu.i'n and Popish Persecutions, 1 vol.
of 61t55 g: miii niri.i'.im ngraviugs, in full leather binding ;
price 62.-eas. iF. TAYLOR.
rn'tHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber has
I' obtained from the Orphans' Court of Charles county, in Ma-
ryland, letters of administration on the personal estate ofThomas
Amery, late of Charles county, deceased. All persons havitog claimI
against the said deceased are hereby warned to exhibit the same,
with the vouchers thereof, at or before the ist (lay of August
next; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all benefit of
said estate.
Given under my hand this 12th day of January, 1841.
jan 16-w4w Administrator of Thos. Amery.

' Hxil POLITICIAN'S MIANUAL, containing the
SDeclaration of American Independence, the Constitutions of
the United States and of New York ; also, the formation of the
Judiciary, &c. together with general tables, political and statisti-
cal, by George L Lerow, published and for sale by
jan 22 4 doors west of Brown's hitel.
WATER COLORS,.-Just received at Stationers' Hal
an additional supply of Osborne's superior water colors
comprising every size, in boxes, and all kinds of colors in cakes
dec 25 W. FISCHER.
X TER, translated from the German, by Carlyle, author of
Carlyle's French Revolution. Humphrey's Clock, No. 13. The
Lady's Book, for November, 1840. Justreceived by
nov 9 F. TAYLOR.
ISLE, consisting of Views in the Holy Land, together with
many of the remarkable objects mentioned in the Old and New
Testaments, representing sacred historical events, &c. by Robert
Sears, third edition, is just received, and for sale by
jan 20 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
S cheap, 1 vol., 12mno. full bound in leather, containing 432
closely printed pages. Price 87cents.
nov27 F. TAYLOR.
,.RY rhr..r.... ,..'.l,' brsgcd, from the creation of the
world te thie .1-' '1 i 1 I'hii.. u',,r,,., by A Mother, author of Al-
ways Happy," ` *'. .i.- t.-r.i Modern History," &c. just received,
and for sale at it, B.3..k,-i i.- of R. PARNHAM,
jan 1 Between 9th and I10th streets, Penn. avenue.
IRS. WALKER ON BEAUTY.-A fresh supply
S just received, (as also Walker on Beauty, Women, and on
Intermarriage,) and for sale at MORRISON'S, 4 doors west of
Brown's Hotel.
Pictorial Illustrations of the Bible-A fresh supply this day re-
ceived and for sale as above.
Knightly's History of England, 5 vols.; Harper's Family Library,
Nos. 114,'ll5, 116, 117, andi 118, fur sale as above.
from the Log Book of Memory, of twenty-five years' stand-
ing ; together with a Residence of five months in Dartmoor, by
a Younker, in two volumes. Also, Around thie World, a Narra-
tive of a Voyage in the East India Squadron, under Commodore
George C. Read, by an Officer of the United States Army, in
two volumes. Just received and for sale at the Book and Station-
ery Store of R. FARNHAM,
jan 6 Batween 9h anid 10th streets, Penn.avenne.
U I bll"I"y fl.5- H ('1.1H, K. Tc 17-... -N.,r m...
phrcy's Clock. Just published and for sale by
jan 25 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
SAVER LEY N OVEELS.-Castle Dangerous and Tales
W ofaGri,.li-anh. r, fr.i -i mi. being a further supply of the
cheap edition. l' h .l: \ '% .r..lt N...els, justreceived, and forsale
jan 6 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
tIthe earliest times until the year 1831, by Charles Von
Rotteck, LL.D. Professor in the University of I'r. tm g, Aulic
Counsellor, Member of the Chamber of Deputies of the Grand
Duchy of Baden, &c. &o. Translated from the German, and
continued to 1840, by Frederick Jones, A. M. Illustrated by 24
historical engravings, designed by Hiedeloff, Valbom, and others.
Engraved byJ. Spittall, in 4 vols. oct. Just published and for sale
jan 25 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
dium ot-Clhristlan Divinity, speculative and prac-
tical, founded on Scripture and reason, designed to aid heads of.
families, young men about to enter the Ministry, and the young
of both sexes, in their efforts to obtain and communicate a knowl-
edge of true piety, by Thomas C. Thornton. For sale by
jan 22 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
I TORY for the Second Session of the Twenty-fifth Con-
rea or urts ,rU o T .a.ta C*S taes A-e t.awith, *an Annenx. cont ain-*

[ gressofth Ui~te dltates ot Atmericat~tl~l, w~tith an Apendi~x Contain-
OUQltETS.-W-VII.LAM BBUIS', Proprietor of Twelfth ing ilhe changes of places of abode of the Members of *h nuie
street, reen-h.-... ithr,.., lnd a hI.t1"squares north of Penn- and House of Representatives up to the tat of February, Il.II. AI.
sylsania avenue, lavinEe d hin hblomnu ,.f ,.h.onicas, roses, oand other so, Plans of House and Senate. For sale at the Bookstore of
green.hu.usee ,I.inmt, i prepared i fuinu.h Bouquets, put up in R. FARNHAM,
the first styli-e and at ihe shortn: nion't.. feb 1 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. avenue.
All nrders are.ainpanid by rsst,, or payment guarantied in this--OI--EB-V Nthepoina
ciiv,shall meat with prompt attention. OTICE IS IEREBY GIVEN, that application has
Bouqueis sani io Blnmore, Rlchm .n.h, aSc &c. N" been made to the Washington City Library for a certificate
Those who have not seen th.- Pvchcr Pirint can see it at W. of one share in the said Library, issued to Dr. Lovell on the 16th
B.'s preen house, he having the only specimen in the District. of January, 1822, by John Sessford, then Treasurer, the said cer-
jen 29--eo2w tificate having been lost or mislaid.
t Globe and Alex. Gsa. will [leiFe invert 3t. feb 8-3t WM. W. STEWART.
F" OR SALE.-A inele-arci.n Harp, of uncommonly fine VEIHE ALBION CORN PLASTER, one of the best
L one, in good order. Por price, &o. reference is made to A remedies in use for corns, may be had at
Mr. PicHiRa, at Statiisners' Hall. dec 85 feb 8 TODD'S Drug Store,

IJVLOCLUENCE.-A brilliant display, with splendid-illus-
E trations of the higher attributes of Eloquence, by Professor
CRONIN, lecturer and instrucetar of Oratory to the Universities
of Cambridge, Dnblin, and London, will take place at the Medical
C.JlegsF, on Thursday evening, aihatf past 7 o'clock.
Pr.i.i-..--r CRONIN respectfully announces to the members of
Congress, the gentlemen of the liberal and Ilarned professions,
and the citizens f shWaitng,. n an I its environs, that he will in
- evening's .liter',t..,, d,..-l *.p, luminously and succinctly,
the higher attributes of the art ol eloquence, by furnishing elabo-
rate exemplifications-
ist. Of the master elements of oratorical delivery, viz. the Gre-
cian orotund voice, with is trumpet-toned or tonic reverberation;
illustrated by transcendently brilliant perorations from the most
renowned orators, both ancient and modern.
2d. The radical drift of the Attic or Grecian orotund, being that
grave-toned, full, massive, clear, and brilliantly reverberating
voice which alone gives energetic, effective, and consummate ora-
torical utterance to l r,.,5.ilt held and lofty conceptions,
", rge.-J with fire from iHleaven," without whieb eloquence of the
:.il cti.yr.r can have no existence.
In conclusion of the address, the characteristic attributes of
British and American oratory will be u.,.,ft.-.j-, m,,t.,..r., il.,
spirit, style, and elocution peculiar to lti. diii.., .t,,. -.r,.I.''... i
this and the Triher '.i'r, v, t fi -.k/zing exordiums, perorations,
&c. troam th re,.'-' [.o-r'-d ,.11i rAu of Chatham, Brougham, Grai-
tan, Plunkett, Pair.I-k H-.nry. Curran, Hamilton, Burke, Canning,
Erskine, and th.: iluirli.i., French orators, Massillon, &c.
For further particulars ride printed circulars.
The address will be commenced precisely at half past 7 o'clock.
vania avenue, second sqnate from Railroad Depot, iasye t
vacant one parlor and three spacious chambers, which have been
6ieti i a party of gentlemen or families, feb 8-3t
3 t , M I. E R, .,,, MN.1 ..., \- I ,, t.. ft., c n itji.l ,. h,
_1D streets, inthe neighborhood of Brown a Hotel, and within
ten minutes' walk of the Depot, has vacantrooms, and can accomn-
modate strangers with comfortable board, feb 6-eod2w
tablishment.--Messrs. ROBERTS & FISH respectfully
announce that they are now ready to offer to the citizens of Wash-
ington a splendid assortment of Hats and Caps, from the old and
well-known establishment of Orlando Fish, of the city of New
Their assortment of Hats comprises all the various descriptions
at present in vogue with the fashionable Public, viz. Beaver,
Nutria, Moleskin, Brush, and Satin Beaver-all manufactured
from toe choicest materials, and in the latest New York, London,
and Paris styles.
Also, 1.., ir .t..-nii of Gentlemen's, Youth's, and Chil-
dren's ik ti, I..', 1 l,'1.ld ,n.l Fur Caps, of the richest qualities,
and entire new patterns. The attention of the Ladies is particu-
larly directed to a superb variety of infants' fine Silk-velvet Caps,
of various colors. They will be found to be very tasty and de-
In addition to the above, the subscribers offer also a superior as-
.*-iinit of Furnishing Articles, necessary for a Gentleman's
W'.,rdroL-.. and Toilet, such as fine Linen, Silk, and Buckskin
Shirts, Drawers, Suspenders, Stocks, Cr, i,., Pocket Handker-
chiefs, Gloves, Umbrellas, Perfumery, &c.
It is tihe intention of the subscribers to keep on hand the very
best qualities of the above-named goods, andl they beg leave to
state that they now offer a more complete and fashionable assort-
ment than was ever-before I r. .,-,'n.l ,n . ..v. The want of a
strictly fashionable wardrob.. *,. "i -'" iv, ;r .i -. the large estab-
lishments of this kind in the ,ity of New York, has been noliced
in this community; the subscribers, therefore, offer themselves
to supply this deficiency, being enabled, by their House at New
York, to be constantly in receipt of goods, as well as to anticipate
the earliest alterations in style. The sales room is located at
Brown's Hotel, 2 doors west of the principal entrance, on Penn-
sylvania Avenue.
Gentlemen and Ladies about purchasing are invited to call and
examine the stock of goods. They will be found to be worthy of
their attention, and offered at prices corresponding with the state
of the times.
Jan 30-6t ROBERTS & FISH.
A PAIR OF SPECTACLES was found yesterday fore-
nons [Sunday] on Four-and-a-half street, near the First
Presbyterian Church, which the owner can have by applying to
the subscriber.
feb 9-3t A. COYLE.
NAUGURATION CAKFK.-The subscriber respectfully
Informs the Public that he has, at great expense, prepared
a Mammoth Cake, which he hopes will not be found unworthy of
the occasion.
It is a correct model of the Capitol ; its length nine feet, breadth
eight feet and a half, height to the top of the dome about six
feet. The interior is filled with pound cake of superior quality-
its weight about eight hundred pounds. It may be seen at the
subscriber's store, High street, Georgetown, where orders for Ice
Creams, Jellies, Blanc-mange, Pyramids, Large Cakes, Char-
lotte de Russe, or any other articles of fancy confectionary will
ae promptly executed.
Balls, Wedding and Evening Parties furnished at the shortest
feb 8-3t R. CROPLEY, Jr.
ARI).-W. & W. H. RICHARDSON, extensive Umbrella
Manufacturers, No. 6, South Third street, Philadelphia,
respectfully inform their customers and the merchants generally
that they have for sale a large and superior stock of silk and cotton
"'.,t.r, It, -. .,:,r..,rh ..t. 1 ht,.'.,. .J- .- every description; which,
t -l h ..- *- .. .,,u' ,.i P.ra,.i, (part of which are mann-
factured of silk, imported by themselves expressly, of new and ele-
gant patterns,) will, they trust, be found worthy the attention if
their customers and the Public, as they will sell at the lowest pri-
ces, and warrant their goods to be of such manufacture as can be
depended on.
All orders will receive prompt and particular attention.
feb l-d2w
G W. PHIlLII'S has this day associated with him in
business SAMUEL T. WALL. In future the business
will be conducted under the irnn ofG. W. PHILLIPS & WALL,
at the old stand opposite the Centre Market, where they will be
prepared with a general assortment of dry goods to accommodate
their former customers, or any others that may be pleased to fa-
vor them witti a call.-Fctb. 6.
P. S.-G. W. PHILLIPS being anxious t& have hii old books
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Together with lots of Law and Miscellaneous Works. For
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DEMOVAL.-The subscriber respectfully informs his
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Buildings, where he is prepared to supply them with the best
Cloths, Cassimeres, and Vestings of the latest patterns; and he
pledges himself that they shall te made up in a style not to be
surpassed in the city. He would also inform the trade that he is
the regularly authorized agent for Oliver's Shoulder Measure
System of Cutting-a system which has not only been success-
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lias received the approbation of the Society of Master Tailors in
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feb 8-I3t R. W. BATES.
A memoir, historical and political, of that and the adjacent
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Keller, J. M. Broadhead, A. L. Mclntire, C. F. Bibler, Alex.
Dimitry, and Mrs. D. T. Stewart, given for furniture, &c. pur-
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Esq. has been lost or mislaid.
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them will confer a favor by sending them to me, and, if required,
a suitable reward will be given.
feb 8-3t LOUIS VIVANS.

NWOTICE.-By virtue ofa distrain, I shall sell for cash, to
1 the highest bidder, on Saturday morning next, the 13th in-
stant, at 10 o'clock, at the premises, on square 227, lot No. 1, the
following property, to wit: Two frame stables situated on 14th
street, seized and taken as the property of John W. Dexter, and
will be sold to satisfy rent due in arrears to Daniel Parker.
feb 8-3t JOHN DEWDNEY, Bailiff.
VANILLA, for davorina ices, confectionary, sauces,
&c.-A valuable substitute for the Vanilla, now so scarce and
high-priced. Just received at
jan 27 TODD'S Drug Store.

be an occasion to increase the duties on imports to an equal
DEBATE IN THE SENATE. amount. This idea, if indeed it did prevail in the tariff States,
must, it would be seen at once, rest upon the supposition that
PROSPECTIVE P RE- M P T TEION BILL. the more duties there were imposed upon imports the more
PRO E IE P MT I N protection must be afforded to domestic manufactures or pro-
[ IN CONTINUATION. ] ducts coming in competition with the imports thus burdened
-- with duty. Is this a sound inference'7 He was aware the in-
THURSDAY, JANUARY 21, 1841. quiry was addressed to those Senators who represented States
Mr. CRrrTENDEt having addressed the Senate at much favoring the protective policy. He was not sure the position
length, as published on Saturday- was sound or practical, but it seemed to him to be both. He
was also sensible that it might, at the first impression, strike
Mr. WRIGHT said it would be unnecessary for him to the minds of the Senators from the anti-tariff States as being
say that he had not power to answer the remarks of the ho- an argument, if it had any force, in favor of the policy of the
notable Senator from Kentucky who had just taken his seat, distribution. Heentreated all to listen to the suggestions,
(Mr. CRITTENDEN.) He (Mr. WRIGHT) had been too long and to take time to weigh them well, before they should be
made the foundation of official action upon either side of this
there, and was too well known in that body, to attempt to important question.
follow% the lively course of remark-the keen and cutting sa- When, then, does a duty commence to be protective 1 Is
tire of the honorable Senator from Kentucky. His was a it so either to our manufacturer or our producer while the fo-
more plain and humble part-that of facts so far as he reigner has the entire and exclusive possession of our market
for the sale of his manufactured article or foreign production
understood them, and of argument so far as he was able to All would say no. The duty, under such a state of things,
bring argument to bear on those facts. He confessed he might fill the public Treasury, but it could not, in any p is-
was unexpectedly called upon to address the Senate in im- sible sense, protect any domestic interest. The operation of
mediate reply to the Senator from Kentucky. The Senator the tariff of duties must commence to be exclusive and prohi-
on his right, (Mr. BUCHArNA,) to whom the appeal had been bitory before it can begin to be protective. It must, to some
mores prtic y dire had e to extent, shutthe a. t,,liner from our market,and open it tothe
more particularly directed, had yielded the floor to him for a domestic rinmnuf.ruier and producer, before its protective fea-
particular purpose, he not being prepared, as he (Mr. W.) tures can be at all valuable; and when thisproeess once corn-
was not, without eoitnination imito the facts, to answer the mences, the further it is carried in ils exclusive and prohibi-
remarks which had been made on the subject of certain items tory aci;..no, tiLe more protective is the tariff under which it
of public expenditure. takes place.
e should discuss but one single topic, fi briefly oti- But what may be the ff.ctut pon Te revenue of this pro-
He should discuss but one single topic, first briefly notic- ective action In the precise proportion in which it is ex.
ing, antid very imperfectly, some of the remarks of the honor- elusive and prohibitory, it must diminish the revenue upon
able Senator from Kentucky. But first it was due to him- imports. In other words, as far as any tariff shall be protec-
self that he (Mr. WRtIGH) should offer his humble apology tive in its action and effect, just so far it must be a tariff not
self that he (Mr W..OHT) should offer his humble apology temotprfclyftedfr h uroeso evne.Ta
for an interruption of the honorable Senator, not that i tahe most erfectly fitted for the purposes of revenue, byThat
notite" was tariff which is best adapted to the purposes of revenue, by
noticed by the Senate, but because it was discourteous on his itself considered, must be that which promotes the greatest
part. Still it was a compliment to the gentleman's powers amount of importations and the greatest amount of revenue
as a debater, for it was an interruption which nothing could combined. That tariff which is best adapted to the reason-
have drawn from him but the rapidity and force with which able purposes of protection is the one which shall place Amer-
he wsrun o c s cuap ted tocrry hish ican and foreign interests of the same character upon a par in
he was rushing to conclusions calculated to carry his hearers our own markets, and this is the least which the tariff inter-
along with him, and to lead the Senate, as Mr. WRIoHT ests can desire.
thought, to erroneous impressions upon the points he was Try, then, the policy of this measure with these interests.
discussing. Hence the interruption, for which lie sincerely It is now proposed to separate from thoe Treasury, to give
ke his pardaway the revenue from the lands, our principal source of in-
asked his pardon, eternal revenue, and that for the purpose of affording an oppor-
[Mr. CRITTENDEN courteously remarked, in an under tone, unity to impose higher duties where ;.roit i.ii is desired.
that apology was wholly unnecessary.] This is acting upon the principle, not simply that the higher
Mr. WRIGHT continued. The honorable Senator then told the duty the greater will be the protection, but also that the
the friends of the present Administration,they had attempted higherthe rate of duty the greater will be the amount of re-
toeere f the n nt pad raton, ihe had sa venue received. A single reflection will convince any one
to sneer at the now dominant party. Now, if he had said or that this will be true only while the foreigner has the exclu-
done arny thing which should seem to have given the honora- sive possession of the market, and, by necessary consequence,
ble Senator just cause for such an imputation, he had said and the duty is not protective at all. If the high rate begins to
done what he had not intended to say or do. He (Mr. exclude the foreigner and let our own produce or manufac-
W T) now stood in a minority in the country, and he had tures compete with him in the market, the question of reve-
WR ) now stood in a minority i thecountry, and he had nue immediately becomes incidental, and ; ; amount will de-
been called upon on various occasions, since the meeting of pend, regardless of the rate of duty, uitin the advantage
the Senate, to say that he desired to demean himself with all which the state of trade and of the market gives to the foreign
becoming modesty and humility in that unfortunate condition ; or the domestic parties, at any given period. Ifthe protective
but yet he might say to the honorable Senator, while that he- influence shall predominate, the foreigner will be driven from
the market, and the revenue will fail. How, then, is it to be
notable gentleman was presenting to them 1,200,000 votes on supplied 7 Most clearly, if impost be the only resort, by a re-
his bide as too large a body to be sneered at, that 1,100,000 auction of the rate ofduty, until the foreigner can again come
freemen, as a minority, might look and smile, though they into the domestic market, upon grounds of advantageous com-
should not sneer. He admitted that the Administration, petition. In other words, by taking from the tariff its protec-
which was to come i on the 4th of March next, came in by tive and giving it a revenue preponderance. Can there be a
which was to come 1 on thedoubt that this must be the principle of action in all such le-
a vastly larger vote than any which had preceded it; and he gislation'7
would tell those gentlemen.-and he did it with feelings of How, then, is the principle of protection to be preserved
kindness-that they came in, in the face of a minority, in consistently with its action I By giving away or destroying
numbers and proportion much more powerful than any pre- all our sources of internal revenue, and making our Treasury
vious Administration ever yet met. Let, then, on all hands, wholly dependent upon imposts 1 Or by fostering and pre-
s, serving every source of internal revenue, so tar as the state
the admonition of the honorable Senator be looked to; for, of the Treasury will permit, that when our tariff for revenue
while it does not belong to the minority to sneer, the ma- shall, by the course of trade, or exchange, or national policy,
jority have not advantage enough to swagger. The great become protective, we may preserve it so, and not be compel-
a f c n t b d a w led to reduce our rates of duty, to invite the foreigner into our
sea of public opinion cannot bear deep agitation, without markets to undersell our own citizens, that our Treasury
some danger of a change of power, when the difference'be- may be sustained from the duty to be impsuad upon the im-
tween the contending parties is so small, and a change of ten portations I
per cent. may easily be wrought against him who dares excite The proposition now under consideration is to give away
this immense mass o mind, even upon the surface. Let all, to the States, to take from the National Treasury, our richest
this immense mass of mind, even upon the surface. Let allsource of internal revenue, the proceeds of the sales of the
then, look well and carefully to their measures and to their public lands, an amount of from three and a half to four mil-
policy, He took the, reproof,or desired do so, with which lions of dolare, annually ...nd to throw that Treasury exclu-
the honorable Senator hadfaveored himself and party; and ie sively upon a revenue from customs for dependence and sup
would be very glad to profit by it. At the same time he wished port. This, too, is proposed to be done at a ime when the
whole revenue from lands and customs is not equal to the pay-
to impress the honorable Senator and his friends with thepal- ment of the ordinary expenses of the Government. And
able truth that a strong party must do right or be overthrown. why is this strange policy to be adopted I Why is this most
He appeals to the public judgment of the freemen of the stable source of revenue to be cut off, and given away in gra-
country. Mr. WRItoHT cheerfully acknowledged the propriety tuities, when we are borrowing money to pay the expenses of
of the tribunal, and its perfect jurisdiction, while he believed the nation] ,. for e strange policy, one
the representatives of majorities might be sometimes wrong, is Among othe had r,.mun.- .-1ned favor the protectivrange policy, onby
isthat he had t ,' it~.j,.uI -I -i.fivor the protective policy, by
and that constituent majorities were easily changed by over- making the occasion for increased duties upon imports. Could
confidence on the part of their representatives, anid by conse- it be necessary for him to say more to show that this ground
quent measures having more reference to interests and classes was not sustainable '-that this policy would be suicidal to
than to our entire constituency, the interests it was advocated to protect? It seemed to him
Another position of the senator, in the course of his inte- not. The proposition was too plain to admit of amplification.
resting argument, was that they, (the present majority,)" as Duties, to be protective, must be, to a greater or less extent,
a dying party, upon the last stage of their condemned term," exclusive and prohibitory-must have a tendency rather to
were endeavoring to do-whatI To occupy the ground of diminish than to increase revenue, by giving a fair portion of
the future Administration, and forestall its measures. Was the market to domestic products and manufactures, to the ex-
that so ? Had the history of this very short period, in which clusion of foreign; and, when there is a deficiency of reve-
they had had the pleasure of sitting together, warranted such nue from imposts under such a system, it must be supplied
a charge'? They had, it was true, introduced the measure from internal sources, or the protection must be surrendered,
under discussion-a pre-emption bill-a prospective pre-emp- the duties reduced, greater advantages given to the foreigner
tion-and this, it was true, in that respect, was a novel fea- in our market, and the importations be thus increased. Un-
ture in a settled policy of the retiring Administration. What der our system, the internal sources of revenue are the pro-
were the great mneasaures of policy, as he believed-for no man ceeds of the lands, excise, and direct taxation. Give away
could speak with any certainty on the subject-which were the former, and who expects a Congress will ever be found to
looked to by the whole country as the measures of the comr. resort to either of lthe latter to raise revenue, when it can be
ing-in Administration? A destruction of the system of finance raised by duties en imports'? Who will believe that excise,
of the present Administration was, he supposed, the most pro- or direct taxation, will ever be imposed to save a protective
minent. Were they (the present Administration) responsi- tariff 1 No man acquainted with the feelings of the People,
ble for presenting that ? He knew the other honorable Sen- or the action of legislative bodies elected by the People, would
ator from Kentucky would discharge them from such an ac- indulge such a hope.
cusation, for he would feel honored in acknowledging that he Our sources of internal revenue, then, which do not spring
had himself called upon them (the present majority) to undo from taxation, must be preserved and fostered, or a protective
what, with intentions as pure to their country as those which policy cannot be independently pursued.
govern the gentleman opposite, they had done. He (Mr. Take the articles of wool and woollens, the great Northern
WmIuHT) complained not; yet surely they ought not to be and Eastern interests. So regulate the tariff that American
charged with attempting to forestall the measures of the com- wool holds the market against the foreign article, and that
ing-in Administration. Thus far, the resolution to repeal the American cloths can enter into the consumption of the coun-
law establishing an Independent Treasury for the country try in fair competition with the foreign, and then experience,
was thrust upon them almost as soon as they were in their as at this time, a deficiency of revenue, that arising from an
seats, and from one of the great leaders of the opposition to immense public domain having been taken from the Trea-
that strictly constitutional anid truly republican measure, sury, and given to the States. What are you to do. Will
Next, as to this proposed distribution to the States of the higher duties produce more revenue? Not in the case sup-
proceeds of the public lands. Was not that looked upon eve- posed ; for when the competition is even, or balancing in fa-
ry where as one of those measures which would be favorite vor of the domestic interests, more duties will be prohibition;
and prominent with the coming-in Administration, and as a and while protection may be rendered perfect by such legis-
measure against which the existing Administration was nation, all revenue will be lost. You must reduce the duty,
known to have sustained an immoveable opposition ? Were then, and thus invite importations to raise your revenue, and,
they then to be charged-and he would observe, if he should having no other resource, the policy would be compulsory.
appear to speak warmly, that he spoke with no unkindness- It is a mistake, then, to assume that this measure will ne-
were they to be charged with bringing this measure before cessarily favor the protected interests and the protective po-
the Senate, and, by acting upon it, with forestalling the mea- licy. It may injure both. It is a mistake to suppose that
sures and policy of the new Administration ? Certainly not. forcing the Treasury to an exclusive dependence upon reve-
The honorable Senator from Kentucky (Mr. CImTTENuEN) nue from imports will secure the system of protection. It may
would concede that it was through his agency, and not through destroy it. The Treasury of the nation must he supplied;
the agency of any friend of the present Administration, that and if such imports as are consistent with the system of pro-
this question has been forced on this body, and calls for its tection do not yield the requisite revenue, the protection must
action and its judgment be yielded to the necessity for revenue.
Taking the facts, then, as they stood, were the friends of There is another consideration growing out of the policy
the Admministratien chargeable with forestalling the policy of of making the Treasury dependent upon a revenue from im-
the triumphant Administration which was now so near ? It ports alone, which deserves the serious examination of all be-
had seemed to him that they were not. There were many fore it shall be adopted as the policy for our country. Where
other remarks of the honorable Senator which he might no- will rest the control, both as to our supply of revenue and
iice, but he would return to the question before the Senate, the protection of our domestic interests under such a policy!
for the purpose of discussing briefly the single point which Will it be in the hands of Congress, or in foreign hands?
had called him to the floor. Congress can invite, but Congress cannot compel, importa-
The proposition before the Senate was to recommit the bill tions. rh-., 'i, ,i, interests which regulate the trade of the
to the Committee on Public Lands, which had reported it, world govern our importations; and they are, at all times, sub-
with instructions to report a bill to provide for the distribution ject to the influences of foreign interests and foreign policy, as
of the proceeds ol those lands to the States, as a part of the well as our own. Make the Treasury of the nation exclu-
instruction* proposed. The point he wished now to discuss sively dependent upon these importations, and it, too, must be
related to this part of the instructions; and although, at the equally in subjection to the same influences. The protective
commencement of the debate, he had proposed to himself to features of our tariff become, in their operation, injurious to
discuss this whole subject of distribution, his present inten- some important interest of a country with which our Irade is
tion was to examine one single ground upon which the policy extensive, and produce a desire on the part of that country to
of distribution was urged, change our rates of duty. Our Treasury is solely dependent
He had been persuaded to take this course at this time, upon revenue from imports, and, by consequence, proportion-
because he had seen the short period which remained for the ably dependent upon importations from the country in ques-
transaction of business during the present session of Con- tion. It stops its trade with us. Our revenue falls off, and
gross, the press of business to be done, and the great anxiety our Treasury is made empty, while we are told, reduce your
of the peculiar friends of the pre-emption bill for its passage, rates of duty and the suspended trade shall be renewed and
Thit should control his present action ; but if the debate extended. Can Congress regulate this attempt to control our
should take a different direction, or it he should retain a seat policy by a foreign Power ? By a countervailing policy it
in the Senate, and a future occasion should arise, in conse- can; but that will not produce revenue, or fill our Treasury;
quence of a future prosecution of this policy, he might then and, if our sources of internal revenue be destroyed, or given
claim the privilege of giving his sentiments at large upon the away, it can only be adopted and sustained by a resort to direct
nronosed measure in all its asnects. taxation. What, in such a case, would be likely to be done 1

At the present time he wothuld consider but one of the argu- Would our system of protection be adhered to, or our duties
ments by which it was su ported in the country, and in the be reduced? If we have the land revenue tosupply the Trea-
minds of a portion of the constituency of the present Con- sury, the countervailing policy will be likely to govern us; but
gress. He referred to its connexion with what is familiarly if it is to be resorted to at the expense of direct taxation, pro-
Known as the tariff, or the protective policy of the country. tection will be very sure to be yielded, and the Treasury sup-
It must be known to many members of the two Houses of plied by reduction of our ratesofduty. In short, if weplace
Congress that, with a large portion of the People of the New our Treasury in a condition to be exclusively dependent upon
England States, and he believed the same thing was true as customs, our policy must be to invite importations, to burden
to portions of his own and other States, this policy of the dis- them as lightly as possible, lest they are turned into other
tribution of the proceeds of the lands was popular, not so channels; to make the trade of foreigners with us as profitable
much from any love to the appropriation and application of as possible, that they may consent, through its means, to sup-
those proceeds as from a wish to have that amount, whatever ply our Treasury.
it might be, subtracted from the Treasury, that there might Can considerations such as these fail to convince the tariff

interests in our country that they are not fostered by giving
away our sources of internal revenue, and forcing ourselves
into a state of entire dependence upon foreign trade for the
supply of our National Treasury 1 It seemed to him notl.
or could this view of the operation of this distribution,
properly considered, render the measure or the policy more
acceptable to the anti-tariff interests. They desire the least
possible amount of duties consistent with a healthful and'cer-
tain revenue, and it is admitted, oh all hands, that the distri-
bution to the States of the land revenue will produce the in-
stant necessity of an increase of duties to the full extent of
the money taken from the Treasury for distribution. What-
ever, therefore, may be the effect upon the protective policy,
the influence of the measure upon the free trade principle can-
not be equivocal.
These suggestions had been hastily and crudely given, and
yet he hoped he had sufficiently developed his views to ena-
ble'the members of the Senate to understand him. It waso
them he desired to address himself upon this point. They
would reflect upon the ideas he had thrown out, and he knew
they would allow them all the weight they deserved, if, in-
deed, they should be found to deserve any.
He would take up but a very few moments more of their
time in briefly replying to some other observations of the
Senator from Kentucky. If he understood that honorable
Senator-and he begged him to believe that he did not wish
to misunderstand him-he said that the present Administra-
tion had spent one hundred and thirty-le millions of dollars
in the four years of its term ; at.d that ,p,,n roads, harbors,
canals, ships, fortifications, &c. there had been expended but
nine millions of dollars.
He (Mr. WIGnHT) had not the means at hand to examine
titrts-nivartir, trt he believed in thbs f..,ur years lthy had been
in the habit of passing bills annually for fornfieiations 0l from
a half to a million of dollars; for the Navy of from five to six
millions, including a permanent aplpiopriation of half a mil-
lion, to be exclusively expended for the increase of the Navy,
separate from the support, repairs, and the like, as well as
sundry large appropriations for steam-ships; for harbors, large
appropriations, nearly annually, if not entirely so; though
for roads and canals, he was happy to know little or nothing
had been done, because he considered all such expendi-
tures by this Government wrong in principle and impolitic in
[Mr CRrTTENDEN said, injustice to himself, he should ex-
plain that he did not include the repiirini of ships, and tha
pay of the officers and the men, but the mere building of
ships ]
Mr. WRIGHmnT had understood the Senator to speak simply
of the ships, and not of the pay, but he supposed he had in-
tended to include rebuilding, repairs, and similar expendi-
Well, then, the Senator said there were some one hun-
dred and twenty-six millions of dollars which had been ex-
pended-within four years, and how expended I Why, ex-
pended in pursuance- of appropriations made by themselves
(Congress,) and for that whole period they had had the hon-
orable Senator's watchfulness and guardian care over them,
constantly; and he believed he did that honorable Senator
no injustice when he said, that if he had seemed to feel more
dissatisfied at one time than another with the votes of him,
(Mr. WIGOHT,) it was when he voted against appropriations.
Still he admitted there might have been abuses practised in
expenditures-he was not prepared to say there had not
been i but he said cheerfully-what the honorable Senator
from Pennsylvania (Mr. BUCHANAN) said yesterday-he
challenged investigation, not in a spirit of triumph, but with
a patriotic feeling towards the country and its interests. If
there had been abuse, let exposure and punishment be visit-
ed upon the guilty; on him, if he were the man; on hifbest
friend; on any man, whoever he might be, in this vast na-
lion, who had embezzled the public money, who had squan-
dered it improperly, or who had been unfaithful in avecuni-
ary trust. He again said, examine, but examine with jus.
lice and truth. That was all the favor he asked; and he
now appealed to that-ii great party, for some of the members of
which he cherished a feeling bordering on friendship, to do
to their opponents justice-to tell the truth of them-ansud to
punish them only when they should ie found, after careful
and fair examination, to deserve it. The papers and records
were soon to pass into their hands, and the means for inves-
tigation would be ample. Let not the desire to find fault be
paramount to the obligations of truth and justice.
Another subject has given employment to the honorable
Senator's talent for satire in no stinted measure. He refer-
red to the Senator's sedentary army of militia, which the
President is said to have organized, to prosecute the Indian
war in Florida.
Previous to the late elections, the honorable Senator and
his party told a very different story louctins ihe military de-
signs and propniisirs of the Pre&,icri. 'i hrii his purprase
was a standing army" of '200.000c men--miiltia it is true-
to he used, not to subdue tile nur,.er'usr Sitainole, but to pros-
trate the liberties of this free country, to break down the Con-
stitution and the Union, and establish a military despotivm
upon the ruins.
He (41r. VWIGHT) could not forget this stariling g round
of the Opposition during the late contest, because hr had l e',
as now, constantly foumd himself contending upon this point
before meetings of the people, and then, as now too, as the
result lhad proved, contending against antagonists who were
more than a match for him. Then the President was a fear.
ful despot, a tyrant, and through the instrumentality of our
neighbors, our friends, our fathers, brothers, sons, the militia
of the country, converted into a standing army, not of regu-
lar soldiers with their permanent officers, but of militia, was
to destroy the liberties of this our beloved land, and to rule
our sixteen millions of people as a military despot, supported
and sustained by these 200,000 citizen soldiers!
What is the President now? In ehat frightful aspect
does the Senator present him to Ihe coor.ty on ihis dsy?
As imbecile in the extreme; as to terminate an Indian war
of some four or five years' duration, which has baffled the
efforts of our whole r-.lliri little army for that entire period,
by means of a sedentary army of sIx UNDRnsED men; acorps
of sedentary militia of that formidable ndmber.
One thing he (Mr. W.) hoped ie might now assure him-
self, and that wis, that this new army of six hundred sitting
men would not frighten from their propriety the great party
of which the honorable Senator was so distinguished a mem-
ber, nor render them inconveniently uneasy in regard to the
safety of the liberties of the country ; most especially so when
a few weeks must terminate the command of their present
Look at these positions. That man who, on the first days
of November, was to cleave down the liberty of the people by
a standing army of militia, was now, in January, to defend
the country by 600 men, whose duty it was to sit, not stand,
and who were limited to an employment within twenty miles
from the place on which they sat. Now, he i hught there was
a little extravagance in all this; and he could not believe,
after all, that there would thereby be much added to the ex-
penses of the Government.
[Mr. CRITTENDEN read the order of General Read, to which
hie had referred, but the Reporter could not obtain a copy. Of
the authority of the order, Mr. C. said he kI. t.M-thirig. It
had been placed in his hands, and was a utL-liIeator irrm a
newspaper.] .
Mr. WRIGHonT had only referred to the matter because it had
been introduced by the honorable Senatore. He thought it
wholly irrelevant to the subject before the Senate, and was
not disposed to consume further time about it. What he had
learned from the remarks of the 7er.mil, ran, and the extract
he had read from an unknown auth. ciy, constituted the
whole of his information upon the subject. He had never
before heard of even the existence of this militia force-this
sitting army; and he certainly did not desire to extend re-
marks upon a subject about which he knew nothing.
A word upon another subject. The honorable Senator
complained that there had been a wanton expenditure of mo-
ney for supplies for the army in Florida and the Creek and
Cherokee countries; that provisions had been purchased for
high prices, which were not used; and that they had been
sold at public auction for low prices. These might be facts.
The Senator read from a printed document which he (Mr.
WRItoT) had never seen, but which he presumed was good
authority for his positions. Did it follow, however, that the
present President was in fault in the matter? Did it follow,
by necessity, that any person was in fault?! and, if a.ny per-
son, would it not be more just to state who was the oftieer in
command, who had charge of the purchases spoken of, and
tnder what public agent the property had been thus sacri-
There had been a period in our history, if he was not mis-
taken as to facts, when provisions purchased for the use of
our armies, at a dearer rats even than those referred to by the
Senator, had been piled togn-ihr aril burned, to furnish light
for a distinguished iLtre'i.tn Geteral from a retreating ene-
my; and yet, neither the General, nor the Administration
under which he served, was condemned either for the milita-
ry achievement, or the loss of the public property. This did
not take place, as his memory told him, upon the Southwest-
ern, but upon the Northwestern frontier, ard mlrut during the
Florida war, but the war with England of 18l1--''lb
Had the officer in charge of this property in the Indian
country pursued this course; had he, instead of his auction
sale, burned the supplies, and made a lurrcipitsle retreat, the
Administration he served, as well as hitEself, might have
been spared these sharp censures. He, however, as Mr.
WatoHT believed, had accomplished the duly designed him,

and was ready to dismiss his force to their br.mes, Po far as
they were militia, and to other service so far as they were re-
gulars; and the supplies not being wanted at the staliondwhere
they were, and transportation hb ing the principal ingredient
of their cost, he look, whether wisely or riot, the etpedtent of
a public sale at auction rather than that of a second tirans-
portation. If the prices paid at the sale were low, the loss
was the greater, but it was not a total loss, nor was these pro-
perty consumed to furnish a light, not for a pursue.], but re-
treating General. He thought, therefore, he was authorized
to say that if the entire put-lic loss in the one case was not
cause for censure upon the Geneial, but rather for bis greater

tlevatlon, the partial loss in the other could not be a brou'd
ground for the sweeping condemnation of a whole Adminis-
Mr. WEBSTER. I rise to say a few words in ans to
the honorable member from New York, (Mr. WmIOHT,) on
the amendment which has been moved by the member from
Kentucky, (Mr. CRITTENDEN,) and which proposes to con-
nect with this pre-emption bill a provision for the distribution
of the proceeds of the public lands among the States.
I have been of opinion, for several years, that such a dis-
tribution, made on principles of justice and equity, doing
' justice to all the States, new and old, is a proposition which
makes daily progress in public favor, and must, at no distant
day, receive the sanction of Congress. I have, indeed, little
doubt that the measure will pass at the next session, carry-
ing with it a proper provision, by way of pre-emption, for
actual settlers, and fulfilling all the just expectations of those
of the new States to whom less of the public land has been
given for purposes of improvement than to the others. But
shall not discuss this subject now.
The honorable member from New York has intimated that
the general feeling, in favor of distribution, which prevails in
the Northern and Eastern States, arises from the hope that,
when the Treasury shall be deprived of the income from the
land offices, it will become necessary to replenish it by laying
heavier duties on importations, and that in this manner
greater protection to American manufactures may be secured.
In other words, being not in favor of distribution, he invokes
against it the fears of a high protecting tariff.
It is not for me to say what reasons may actuate others,
but such is not my ground of proceeding. If there were not
a single article produced in the country which needed or de-
served protection, I should be of the same opinion I now am.
Whatever reason there is for distribution lies in this, that,
looking to the original object of the cessions made by Vir-
ginia and other Siates, and to the fact that the debt of the
Revolution has now been paid, a fair case is presented to
the States to say that the proceeds of the sales of the ptiblic
lands should be divided amongst them, according to numbers,
as the nearest approach that can now be made to the original
intention, in the transaction of cession.
This is the general ground. No 'doubt it is a measure
aiff-cling the 1finances and rie state of the Treasury, and this
pan of the case has not been overlooked. I knuw, of course,
that distribution among the States, of the proceeds of the sales
of the public lands, reduces, by so much, the general receipt
into the Treasury, and for one I am quite ready to make up
the deficiency by new duties, lo be imposed on certain articles
of juxuty. I have always spoken of such articles as proper
subjects of duties. I have referred particularly to silks and
wines-which are not of the class of protected articles. It is
true, Congress has been strenuously petitioned to protect the
silk manufacture, but the rate of duties which has been sug-
gested would probably be little efficacious for such a result.
But looking at the subject in a merely financial point of
view, it appears to me that duties ought immediately to be laid
on these articles. Why not I They are articles of consump-
tion almost entirely by the more affluent. They are not of
the necessaries of common life, or essential to any branch of
our own industry. Why then not collect duties from them'?
I am of opinion that an ad tvalorem duty of twenty or twenty-
five per cent. would probably quite supply the deficiency
caused by withdrawing the proceeds of the lands from the
Treasury. And this is exactly what I recommend to be done.
Distribute the proceeds of the sales of the public lands among
the States, and make up the loss to the Treasury by a duty
on silks and wines. This is my opinion of our true policy,
at the present moment. This question, thus stated, steers
clear of all dispute about duties for protection. It puts the
simple question, at once, is it better for all the People that
silks and wines sh uld continue to come in free, or that they
should be reasonably taxed at the custom-house, and the pro-
ceeds of the sales of aIs nil be divided among the States This
is the plain, narrow, direct question.
The honorable member from New York supposes it not
wise to rely entirely on duties on imports for the support of
Government. Certainly not, in time of war, or apprehension
of War; but such duties have been our main reliance for two-
thirds the history of the Government. Their amount is, of
course, in some measure uncertain and fluctuating, but hardly
move so, in times of peace, than the amount of land sales. At
the close of the late war, the income from the sale of lands was
very small. I remember to have called on Mr. Madison, on
the 4th or 5th of March, 1817, the period of his retirement
from office. He spoke upon the subject of the public lands,
and remarked that Northern and Eastern gentlemen were not
Sufficiently sensible of their importance, and went on to ob-
serve that, in his opinion, with prudent management, they
might be made to produce a million and a half a year, or cer-
tainly a million! -So low was even his estimate at that time
of the income to be expected from this quarter. We have
seen it reach, at least, in one year, twenty times that amount.
But even with such slight hopes from the public lands, and a
debt of eighty or a hundred millions, the internal taxes were
repealed, and the nation truttsted to commerce for the supply of
the Treasury.
The honorable member from New York seemed to put his
reasoning into the form of a syllogism. You rely on importa-
tions, he argues, to furnish revenue, and yet you lay duties to
cheek importations.
TMr. WRtIHT signified dissentbo this stalt.-menl.]
Mr. wreTins. Iso understood him; bu, or course, hecan
best explain his own meaning.
(Mr. WtoaHT explained. He said his argument was this;
his idea of protection was this. The idea of protection by du
ties carried with it the iJea that they should be such as to
preclude foreign competition; and to be protecting duties they
need not be revenue duties; nay, they might operate to stop
revenue altogether.]
Mr. WEBsTEa. So I understood the honorable member,
exactly. And none can doubt that if a Government relies on
duties upon importations for its revenues, it would be absurd
to lay duties so high as to prevent importation. Certainly, 1
maintain no inconsistency of that kind. But it is not always
true that moderate duties diminish importation at all. Some-
times even high duties have not that effect. There is no rea-
son to suppose that a small duty on silk would greatly dimin-
ish its importation. Nor is it certain that it would increase
the price. Although the general rule is true, that duties are
paid by the consumers, yet there are instances in which the
Sduy fills on the t.r.,ducer, by depressing the price in the mar-
k.t ,f nr.Iluctinn. Our own experience in some articles of
West India Iraffic has shown cases of that kind. All this
depends on the natureof the article, on the number of markets
which it finds in the world, and on the proportion of its whole
produce which usually finds a market in the country where
the dutyis laid. But this subject is too extensive and various
to be discussed now.
In my opinion, duties necessary for revenue should and may
lie so laid as to give incidental protection to our own labor,
and that in this respect wehave a wide field for just and care-
ful selection. But it is my opinion also, that duties must be
laid, sometimes, on articles, the labor of which we do not pro-
duce, and therefore where no such incidental benefit accrues.
And such is thie cast, of silks and wines. The whole matter,
I think, can be satisfactorily adjusted, if all parts of the coun-
try, and all interests, will consider the subject calmly, and not
under the tarll -nce of any false alarm.
Much has been said of the late election, its causes, and its
probable consequences to the country. It is not my habit to
discuss such things in the Senate. I do not indulge, how-
ever, in extravagant hopes of the immediate restoration of
oar former prosperity. Things will mend, but their amend-
ment must be the work of time as well as of wisdom. The
deep-seated disease is, derangement of the currency, and, in
my ospini.in. this will never cure itself.
I may be permitted to say that 1 think the friends of the
present Administration may gracefully enough abstain from
angry declamation in advance against that which is to suc-
ceed. The cotinig Administration may fail to satisfy the
country-that is.uncertain; but the present Administration
has failed-that is certain. One has been tried, and has not
been fortunate; let the other have a fair trial, I believe the
person who has been elected to the Presidency will bring to
the discharge of its duties as much uprightness of purpose,
as frank antI honorable feeling, and as impartial a regard to
all parts of the country and all interests, as any man ever
brought to the performance of public duties. And I doubt
not that tis who are elected, or whoae to be elected, to
seatsin the next Congress, as they will come fresh from their
elect.ins, and with a full knowledge of public opinion in va-
riotue quarters, will be in a rondi, irn to act usefully and ac-
ceptably on Ilsadiig public measures.
I had hoped that gentlemen here would have been found
willing to leave these important questions to their successors.
We are alroaily past the nmidle of the short sewaon. There
is no reason to believe that a preoemptien bill, or any other
measure re.aictinom the public lands, can get through both
Houses. Why, then, agitate such measures Why con-
sume time so unprofitably 1 On the subject of pre-emp-
tion, I have iffeitred from many of my friends.
I am fav..ritla to it, anl have supported pre-emption bills

time and again. I shall be unwilling to vote against this.
But we are only wasting time upon it. In the next session of
Congress, I have tw) doubt, a distribution bill will pass, with
proper provisions for actual settlers engrafted upon it. Such
seems to he I he general sense of the country ; and since noth-
ing can be done this session, I regret that so much time
should have been consumed, and that so much more is likely
to be consumed, if the debate should be continued. For my
part, I have no wish to be drawn into a general discussion on
the subject of distribution at present. I see no benefit to be
obtained by it.
Mr. WRIGHT rose in rejoinder. It has been contend-
ed, sai.1 he, that the revenue for the present year will be in-
adequilate to the expenses of Government. The honorable
Senator fim Kentucky (Mr. CsirgTtDEN) has pressed this
consideration on Ihe frien.Js of the expiring Administration
as th me who are sup?,)sed still to possess the controlling pow-
er here. If the fact be so, I had supposed it would be the
most direct corlrse for gentlemen to have laid a tax on luxu-
ries during this sessi.n, and Ihus make it sure that the reve-
nue will be equal to the wants of the Government, and not
fir-if to subiraci one.fil'h from the receipts of the Treasury
for then there will certainly be a deficit.
I know ihit aft-r one year more your revenue on luxuries
is to fill fearfully, and I ih.ueht thatene ofthebest resources
a Ra'nat the revulaion likely to be created by such a state of
things was to leave a moderate tax on those articles which
the S.natair calls luxuriesF Hie believe that it will do to
take away three or four millions of the proceeds or the public
land.-, and itotaT luxuries to make up the deficit. He would,
'however, take this landed revenue only fora limited number
pf years. If we are to take this money from the Treasury

to give it to the States, the People must be immediately tax-
ed to supply the de6i11. Why not let them be saved from this
roundabout proceeding I Why not lay a tax at once and dis-
tribute it 1 Where is the difference I
Mr. WEBsTER, across. I will tell you.]
suppose that the Senator will say that, with respect to
the public lands, there is a peculiar obligation growing out of
the articles of cession; but I will endeavor, even against him,
(and if I can against him I can against any man upon earth,)
to demonstrate that there is nothing in the deeds of cession
under which we have received the land that in the least con-
tradistinguishes the proceeds from the public domain from any
other branch or portion of the public revenue; and if there
be, that it never has been regarded in practice. If the pay-
ment of the debt of the Revolution was the contingency on
which our enjoyment of the proceeds of these lands depends,
that debt exists at this moment as a charge on the Treasury.
But 1 will not enter on that question.
Mr. BENTON said he had heard a condensed argument
from the Senator from Massachusetts in favor of the consti-
tutionality of distribution. That argument (said Mr. B.)
contains all I ever heard urged in its favor: when we have
heard the Senator's argument, we have heard the whole. [
desire every Senator who shall be here when the final vote
is taken to remember the argument he has heard this day:
and when the application comes, I wish him to apply the ar-
gument to the bill, and see whether it goes one iota further
towards covering the broad ground of the bill than a yard and
a half of carpeting would towards covering this floor. What
is the argument I I wish to fix the attention of the Senate
upon it: for that is the whole argument-I reiterate the as-
sertion, that it is all that ever has or can be urged in this
House or oat of it in favor of distribution. What is the bill
To distribute among the States the revenue from the public
lands: but from what lands'? from the pine barrens and
sands of Alabama ? the swamps of Mississippi I the rolling
hills of Ohio Ior the wide prairies of Indiana and IllinoisI
Is this the extent of the bill I No: while the argument goes
to this extent, and no further, the bill goes down into Flori-
da-crosses the Mississippi, and goes out into the rich and fer-
tile bottoms of Louisiana. While the argument lies on this
side the river, the bill goes over on the other.
I defy the ingenuity of man to present an argument which
will cover the distribution of a single dollar derived from the
lands of France and Spain, which will not equally justify the
Ji*.io omfoaory dollar received at the custom-house, and of
all besides which the Government possesses. I have listened
attentively: it is the same argument I have heard always;
and sorry I am to see the States framing instructions bottom-
ed upon an argument which lies on this side the river, while
the territory to be divided lies on the other. I have always
intended to confine the bill to the argument-to restrict the
operation of the bill to the odds and ends of land on this side
the river-to confine the operation of the bill to the argument
of the Senator from Massachusetts and the rest of the Sena-
tors from the old States. That motion will be made and re-
jected. You will cross the river, by your bill, without one
word to justify it, and when you have expended that money,
you will go to the revenue from the custom-house. I repeat the
prediction once more, that, when the States shall once have
tasted that blood, they will be satisfied with no other food.
Yet the Senator from Massachusetts repeats to us, as some-
thing wonderful, that the States are becoming more and more
in favor of the measure of distribution. Did I not tell you that
from the first 7 Did I not predict that the States, once familiar
with distribution, will at last seize upon the current revenue
of the Government, and leave this Federal Government a
mere engine to collect money from the People and distribute
it among the States, till we are brought to the condition of
the old Confederation, save that the parties are reversed, and
the States demand their quotas from the General Government,
instead of the General Government demanding their quotas
from the States ? I rejoice that the Senator from Massachu.
setts has delivered his condensed argument: it may possibly
be the last time he will have the opportunity to make that ar-
gument in this place. His argument is on this side the river,
and within the 31st degree of latitude, and his bill lies beyond
both; we may therefore see, in all its nakedness, the true
unjustifiable nature of the proposition to take the landed re-
venue of the Government and divide it among the States.
Now, from this error, we may see another. From the Sen-
ator's assumption that the revenue from the lands reverts to
the States, he denies our right to tax-to tax silks and wines
-French silks and French wines. It is on the assumption
that we possess the constitutional right to take the landed
revenue of the Government and divide it among the States
that the constitutional right of taxing results. What becomes
of the second part of the argument ? It is a mere naked pro-
position to use our tax-collecting power to get money to dis-
tribute among the States. Here we can seethe naked object
of the bill. They are for taking the land revenue arising
from the rich lands of Louisiana and Florida, and dividing it
among the States. That is iti there you have the naked
proposition-the naked, undisguised proposition. Adopt this,
and how long will it be till you have bills brought into Con-
gress to raise twenty, thirty, fifty millions of dollars and dis-
tribute anaong Ihe States I A shorter distance than it has
been fr ,n the fiust introduction of a motion to distribute the
surplus revenue until the present moment. I rose for the pur-
pose of marking this-to mark it. After hearing the argu-
ment of the Senator from Massachusetts, I resolved that
we should not rise from our places before I had shown that
the argument did #ot touch the bill : that the whole proceeds
worth having are expected to be derived from Louisiana; so
that, if that were left out, they would not care one straw for
the bill. I now repeat, what I said some days ago, that I am
ready to prove that a tax on French silks and French wines
is a tax on the tobacco of Missouri and the cotton of the South.
If the exigencies of the Government require more revenue, I
am willing to impose the tax ; but when that is not the case,
and excuses have to be made for it, I am opposed to lay a tax
on one-half of the United States, to be divided, as it is pre-
tended, among all the States of the Union, but in fact to give
a far larger proportion of the money to that portion of the
Union lying north of the tobacco and cotton-growing region.
This part of the States is to have a Benjamin's portion:
nearly two to one of the whole amount derived from taxing
cotton and tobacco. Our commerce with France grows out
of the cotton and tobacco trade. Four-fifths of the tobacco
she consumes is American; and nine pounds out of ten of
all the cotton she imports are from this country. I will
not go into that now, but when gentlemen come forward with
their tax on French silks and French wines I will prove it.
That we must pay this tax ourselves rests on no false logic;
and we are now called on to exercise an unconstitutional
power over the revenue for the sake of leading to a result
which is as unconstitutional.
And now, in the most amicable spirit, I shall take farewell
of the honorable Senator. I hope he will set himself to work
to restore the prosperity of the United States. I have always
been taught to believe that when the People are enlightened
on the subject of thle taxes they pay they have nothing to fear.
The Government has done its part. What direct tax has it
imposed ? Has it not refused to lay one on bank paper?7 And
as to indirect taxation, one-half of the entire amount of our
foreign commerce has been wholly untouched; and in regard
to the remaining half, some few classes have been individual-
ly affected ; but I say that, during the previous eight years,
not one tax has been laid upon the farmers of the country,
and that our foreign taxation has been lighter than has ever
been known. With regard to foreign nations, how do we
stand Has not every channel of trade been fully explored?
Not only have all the ancient channels been kept open, but
new ones have been discovered. We hear of our merchant
ships in regions unknown before; our flag waves in every
wind, and ranges the entire ocean, from pole to pole. I have
no doubt that, at this very moment, American merchants are
successfully prosecuting the interests of commerce while se-
parated from us by half the globe. And are we to be told
that they have been the victims of tyranny and opprepsion-
that the Government has destroyed their prosperity-and that
it is the new Administration who are to take them by the
hand, as a band of brothers, and to restore the national pros-
perity ? I tell gentlemen that, so far as they deviate from the
course pursued by their predecessors, they will create, not
prosperity, but oppression and misery. One thing they have
done-and I will call it by its name: they have effected a re-
volt of the money power against the democracy of the Ameri-
can People. I say that, from the time of the Prta'orian Co-
horts of Rome, there has not occurred a more regular revolt
than the revolt of the money power to put down the democracy
of this country. The business of the whole country has been
convulsed and the currency destroyed. The friends of the Ad-
ministration may submit to this; but, as to the democracy, they
do not mean to submit to it. I say that the Government has
done just what it should; it has imposed light taxes, given us a
free commerce, and maintained peace with all the wo;ld.
What is the point to which the public mind is now directed
Every body is looking to the Federal Government to make
them rich. All men seem to ba seeking their fortune, not
from the ordinary sources of economy and industry, but from
the action of the Federal Government. There is a devour-
ing thirst for benefits from this Government; one general, fe-
rocious appetite for office. It is sickening to witness boys not
yet grown, whose chins have not yet got the down on them,
crying out for office, office. Aged, gray-headed men, followed
by crowds of ladies, all join in to swell the cry of office, of-
fice, office. Money, money is wanted in all quarters, and is

expected to come from this Government. Have we not ten
thousand meListered claims presented here from year to year'?
Do not the People come up to this Capitol as they would come
to a well, and draw out the money of the Treasury by claims
of all sorts and descriptions'? And if you stop them for a
time, the tide is but dammed up and backed up; and, the
longer you stop it, the stronger it becomes. I here predict
that, at the called session which is to take place, the People
may look out to see claims passed here which have been pre-
sented and rejected for forty years. You will see the Ameri-
can People, having received a false direction, instead of look-
ing to their own resources and their own industry under the
protection of a Government known to them only by its bene-
volent action, turn towards this Government with minds ex-
cited and inflamed by misrepresentations, rushing here for of-
fice from all quarters of the land. Nor is this all. What is
now sought by individuals will then be sought by masses.
What is now attempted by individuals who segregate the n-
selves into smaller associations will then be attempted by the
aggregate of these associations, and States will be found march-
ing up in phalanx and saying to this General Government, We
must have money. When that demand shall be presented,
how many gentlemen will be found her, who will not stand up
for the claim of their own State I How many will be found
with suflcient purity of patriotism to be willing to quit this
Capitol, never to see it again ? It is all vain to say that this
central Government is in danger of swallowing up the States.
There was indeed such a danger while its action was confined
to political power; but, the moment its action is changed into

the poWer of money, the States are at once on the papa of the
Government; and this Federal Government will be found
helpless and lifeless, with scarce a human being to stand up
in its defence. Whether it be a surplus of revenue, or mo-
ney from the public lands, if the States demand it, we shall
give it to the States. Who will they be who consider them-
selves as belonging to the General Government, and bound to
defend its interest I We' We belong to the States. No;
it will not have a human being to save it. I am not given to
despair; butsince I have seen this general, devouring thirst
for office and for money; and since I have found Congress
becoming passive, and all the States coming up and by.their
resolutions demanding the Federal revenue, I do look forward
to the day when this Government will be stripped of its last
dollar. I deprecate the day when the whole community shall
expect to have its prosperity advanced by this Government.
Men are not content with a Government which taxes them
lightly and preserves peace with all the world, but expect to
have their individual fortunes made by the Government. We
have had claims of all sorts for internal improvements, for
protection, and for almost every thing else; but now the
States have brought their demand for revenue; yes, for the
current revenue of the Government. We are arrived at the
last stage of this process. We have made head against indi-
viduals; we have even withstood classes of men; but now
they come upon us by States, and the Federal Government is
left without even a lifeguard to defend it.
Mr. WEBSTER observed that the honorable Senator
from New York (Mr. WRIGHT) had said that he should be
able, at a proper time, to show that the grant from the States
created no fair claim for the distribution of the proceeds of
the public lands. So (said Mr. W.) that Senator defeats me
on this side the Mississippi; the honorable member from Mis-
souri says that, the public land beyond the Mississippi not
being derived from cession, but obtained by purchase from
other Governments, my argument does not apply to it; and
so he defeats me on the other side of the Mississippi; and
thus, between the two gentlemen, I am left with no ground to
stand on. The time will come for discussing the first ques-
tion with the honorable gentleman from New York; and, as
to the land west of the Mississippi, I am confident I stand, in
regard to it, on the highest possible authority, for the mem-
ber from Missouri himself has, for the last three days, been
voting to give away and distribute a great part of that as
well as of the rest of the public domain to some of the States.
When I shall hear the chain of argument by which he is
prepared to give away thirty-five per cent. of the proceeds of
all the public land in Missouri, I will take the same ground
of argument to show that, if the proceeds of these lands can
be given to some of the States, they can be given to all the
Mr. BENTON. The Senator from Massachusetts was,
I believe, not in his seat when I said that I voted for the
amendment of the Senator from South Carolina, (Mr. CAL-
HOuN,) proposing a cession of the lands, only as a hammer
wherewith to knock on the head the other amendment of the
Senator from Kentucky, (Mr. CRITTENDEN,) in favor of dis-
tribution. I had no idea of going either for cession or distri-
bution as amendments to a pre-emption bill.
Mr. WEBSTER. Did I understand the Senator to say
that he would not vote for cession 7
Mr. BENTON. I said that I had brought in the first
pre-emption bill ever introduced here, and that it contained all
the three ideas of pre-emption right, graduation of the price
of the land, and, after a certain time, the cession of the re-
mainder to the States.
Mr. WEBSTER. Then the Senator was in favor of
Mr. BENTON. I was for cession on certain terms.
The Senate now adjourned.

TORY I-Wigs and Scalps I-All wearers and patron-
izers of the above articles are respectfully informed that E. PHA-
LON, of New York, will be in Washington in a few days with an
elegant and extensive assortment of his matchless First Premium
WIGS and SCALPS, the celebrity of which has become the
theme of universal admiration.
Gentlemen who are connoisseurs in the above are requestedt not
to make any purchases until they have inspected these inimitable
productions of modern art and ingenuity. They differ from all
others made here, inasmuch as they are decidedly superior ; a fact
that has been amply proved at the recent Annual Fair of the Ame.
rican Institute, when the First Premium and a Silver Medal were
awarded to E. PHALON for the finest specimen of gentlemen's
Wigs, ladies' Wigs, and ladies' Hairdressing-a decision which
has fully and satisfactorily established the Wig supremacy of
PHALON over all his competitors.
The Ventilating, or Gossamer Wigs and Scalps, with all the
recent improvements, are, for their lightness, durability, and exact
resemblance to Nature, beyond all praise; they must be seen to
be appreciated. Every Wig and Scalp will be found to lie of
the First Premium quality; no third rate attempts will be offered
for sale.
Further particulars hereafter; at which time the location of the
establishment will be made known.
feb 10-tf
may be consulted by ladies or gentlemen desirous of his
professional assistance, at his rooms, Pennsylvania avenue, be-
tween 3d and 4J streets, opposite the American Hotel. Incor-
ruptible artificial and natural Teeth supplied; diseased Teeth,
injurious to health, removed with ease and perfect safety. Pa-
rents who desire the preservation of their children's Teeth may
have them attende-to on the most reasonable terms.
N. B. The Doctor will be in attendance from 9 to 12 o'clock M.
Feb 10-WFM

10,000 pounds new Bacon
1,000 do JowlsI
3,500 do Butter, low-priced
32 kegs fresh BuHotter
40 barrels new crop New Orleans Molasses
5 hhds. do do Sugar
1,000 pounds Seine Twine
50 barrels Oil Whiskey (Draper's)
Also on hand, 4,000 bushels Ground Alum Salt
Just received on consignment, and for sale by
feb 10-3t Georgetown.

CHINE.-This Machine, recently invented by L. & S. H.
BACHELDER, of Hampstead, N. H. is one of the most conveni-
ent and labor-saving improvements ever introduced to the notice of
the Farmner. It is very simple in its construction, certain and re-
gular in its operation. It is calculated to plant all kinds of seed
usually plantedin hills or drills.
This Machine is constructed on principles altogether different
from all others for similar purposes. It performs the operation of
planting without opening a fuirrow, thereby dispensing with cover-
ers, that are continually liable to clog and get out of order. It
simply raises the soil a little, at the same time drops the seed, at
any distance desired, when the soil falls back to its original place,
and is immediately followed by an immovable gauge, that loaves
the soil over the seed any depth the operator chooses. It also re-
moves all small stones and sods from the place where the seed is
It operates equally well on wet or dry ground, and is warrant-
ed to work well on any ground that can be furrowed with the conm-
mon plough.
This Machine has been put in operation, and its merits tho-
roughly tested by many of the most scientific and practical farmers
in the several States of Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
New York, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, and Ohio, to their entire
satisfaction, as a machine calculated not only to save a great amount
of labor, but to facilitate and perform that labor in a far better man-
ner than can be done by the hoe.
The above described machine is now to be seen, and will be for
a few weeks, in the Rotundo at the Capitol. Any person wishing
to purchase the privilege to manufacture or use the machine in
either ofthe States of Virginia, Maryland, or Delaware, or counties
in either of the above States, can do so by applying to the subscri-
ber, at Mrs. Ball's, opposite Brown's Hotel, Washington.
The Machine can also be seen and obtained of JosN. S. EAST-
tMAN, Pratt street, Baltimore. feb 10-eo4t
Capital 20,000 dollars!
TO-DAY, FEB. 10,
No. 8,
Draws in Baltimore-the drawing received same evening.
1 prize of 820,00 0 1 prize of $2,600
1 do 5,000 1 do 2,116
1 do 3,000 I l0prizesof 1,500
10 prizes of $500-20 of $300, &c.
3 Lowest prize nett $5.
Tickets $5-Halves $2 50-CQuarters $1 25.

70 prizes of $1,000 dollars!
Will be drawn at Alexandria, Va.
Capital $1,000, and 70 prizes of $1,000.
of $300-20 of $200.
Tickets $5-Halves $2 60-Quarters 9$ 25.

Class B.
Draws on Saturday, February 13, at Alexandria, Va.
$3,035-$3,000-40 of $1,500, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2 50.
For sale by D. S. GREGORY & CO.
Managers, Penn. avenue, next door east of Gadsby's
feb 10-2tdif Hotel. Washingtn.
VALUABLE NEW HISTORIES, just imported by
F. TAYLOR direct from London-
Lectures on Modern History, from the irruption of the Northern
Nations to the close ofthe American' Revolution, 2 octavo vols. by
Professor Smyth ofCambridge University,England; London, 1840.
By the same author, Lectures on thIe French Revolution, in 3 volts.
octavo. History Philosophically Illustrated, from the fall of thie
Roman Empire to the French Revolution, by George Miller, 4
vols. Thierry's History of the Conquest of England by the Nor-
mans, with its causes and consequences, to the present time ; 1
vol. octavo, London, published in January, 1841, translated from
the French. Koch's History of Europe, from the subversion of
the Roman Empire in the West to the abdication of Napoleon, 1
olt octavo, translated from the French. Bonnechose's History
of Franee, from the invasion of the Franks under Clovis to the
accession of Louis Philippe, 1 vol. London, 1839. And manyoth-
era, of which the list will be continued, feb 10



The VICE-PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a com-
munication from the Treasury Department, showing a state-
ment of the contracts entered into by that Department for
the year 1840.
The following memorials and petitions were presented, and
appropriately referred:
By Mr. BUCHANAN: From mechanics, merchants,
and traders of Philadelphia, remonstrating against the pas-
sage of the bankrupt bill now before the Senate.
By Mr. NORVELL: From citizens of Michigan, asking
the passage of a bankrupt law.
Also, from citizens of Michigan, asking the construction
of a harbor at New Buffalo.
By Mr. PRESTON: From persons engaged on the
public buildings, asking compensation for lost time, occasion-
ed by the suspension of the public works.
By Mr. WHITE: From citizens of Laporte, Indiana,
asking the passage of a bankrupt law.
Also, from citizens of Tippecanoe county, in the same
State, asking for the establishment of a certain mail route.
By Mr. WALL: From women of Pennsylvania, asking
an alteration of the laws of the United States in relation to
Motion to receive ordered to lie on the table.
Also, from Samuel Raub, asking the Government to pur-
chase the right of his Double Self-acting Safety Valve,"
and that a law be passed requiring its use.
By Mr. YOUNG: From citizens of Illinois and Wis-
konsan, praying the establishment of a certain mail route.
Also, from the General Assembly of Illinois, asking an
appropriation for the construction of a marine hospital at the
city of Cairo, in that State.
By Mr. RUGGLES: From a number of fishermen and
others engaged in the cod fishery, remonstrating against the
repeal of the fishing bounties and allowances.
By Mr. STURGEON: From citizens of Philadelphia,
asking that a light-house may be erected on Brandywine
By Mr. WRIGHT: From the Chamber of Commerce ef
New York, proposing certain provisions to be incorporated in
the bankrupt bill.
By Mr. WEBSTER: From citizens of Onondaga coun-
ty, New York, praying that the Seneca Indians who have
not given their assent to the treaty between that tribe and
the United States may not be compelled to emigrate from the
lands they now occupy.
By Mr. WALKER: From Geo. W. Trippe, asking the
right of pre-emption to a certain tract of land.
By Mr. HUBBARD: From the Legislative Council of
Wiskonsan, asking a law to define the western boundary
line of Wiskonsan, so that the centre of the Mississippi may
constitute that boundary.
On motion of Mr. CLAY, of Alabama,
Resolved, That the Committee on Public Lands be instructed
to inquire into the expediency of attaching the Cherokee territo-
ry lying in Alabama to the Coosa land district, and the removal
of the land office to some Feint within the territory so attached.
Mr. LINN submitted the following resolution:
Resolved, That the Committee on Military Affairs be instruct-
ed to inquire into the expediencyof procuring a sufficient number
of the most approved repeating fire-arms to supply the troops
operating against the In ir ir, Florida.
On motion of Mr. SMITH, of Indiana, the bill to alter
the terms of the circuit and district courts of the United
States was considered in Committee of the Whole.
On motion of Mr. CRITTENDEN, the bill was so
amended as to attach the district of Arkansas to the eighth
circuit, and the district of Kentucky to a part of the ninth
circuit, and making the circuit coutt for the district of Ar-
kansas to be holden on the 4th Monday of April and Octo-
ber in each year.
After being debated by Messrs. SMITH, of Ind. CRIT-
WALKER, and MOUTON, it was ordered to be en-
On motion of Mr. PIERCE, the bill for the relief of the
heirs of Daniel Pettibone was taken up in Committee of the
Whole, and ordered to be engrossed.
The bill from the House of Representatives authorizing
the issue of Treasury notes was read a first and second time,
and referred to the Committee on Finance.
Also, House bill to incorporate the Washington Benevo-
lent Society was twice read, and referred to the Committee
for the District of Columbia.
Mr. MERRICK then moved to take up the bill to rechar-
ter the banks of the District of Columbia.
Mr. TAPPAN objected to its being considered at the pre-
sent time. He made a call on the Secretary of the Treasu-
ry for information which would have an important bearing
on the matter. It was for a statement of the losses sustain-
ed by banks in the whole United States, &-. H. e thought
there was no exigency in the case that required such speedy
action, and he would prefer that the bill should not be acted
on until the information was furnished from the Department.
Mr. MERRICK was at all times desirous to accommodate;
but he really saw no bearing which the information could
have on any of the banks of this District, as the Govern-
ment had never lost a dollar by them. If they meant to act
on the bill at all, it was indispensable that it should be done
at once, or there would be little hope of its passing the other
Mr. TAPPAN reiterated his objections.
Mr. ALLEN opposed the motion, and asked for the yeas
and nays.
Mr. BENTON spoke against taking up the bill, and al-
luded to the late news from Philadelphia and Baltimore. In-
stead of making new banks, they had better go on with the
discussion on the bankrupt bill, and make the compulsory
principle applicable to all of them.
Mr. MERRICK desired to have the sense of the Senate
on his motion ; if it refused to take it up, he could not help
it, but should regret it very much on the people's account.
The question was then taken, and decided as follows:
YEAS.-Messrs. Bayard, Clay of Ky C!avton, Dixon, Gra-
ham, Knight, Mangumn, Merrick, Phelps, Premntise, Preston,
Rives, Ruggles, Sevier, Smith of Indiana, Southard, Webster,
NAYS.-Mossrs. Allen, Benton, Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay, of
Alabama, Crittenden, PFulton, Henderson, Hubbard, King, Linn,
Lumpkin, Mouton, Nicholas, Norvell, Pierce, Porter, Roane, Ro-
binson, Smith,of Connecticut, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Wall,
Williams, Wright, Young-27.
The Senate then proceeded to the discussion of the special
order. The question being on Mr. HuBBAaD's motion to re-
commit the bill, with instructions to the committee to em-
brace in it certain provisions, which were published in this
paper of Saturday last.
After a few remarks from Messrs. HUBBARD, CRIT-
TENDEN, and WRIGHT, the question was then taken
on the motion to recommit; which motion was lost as fol-
lows :
YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Benton, Buchanan, Calhoun, Hubbard,
King, Linn, Lumpkin, Pierce, Roane, Robinson, Smith, of Cn-
necticut, Sturgeon, Tappan,Wall, Wright-16.
NAYS-Messrs. Clay, of Alabama, Clay, of Kentucky, Clay.
ton, Crittenden, Dixon, Fulton, Graham, Henderson, Knight,
Mangum, Merrick, Mouton, Nicholas, Nicholson, Norvell, Phelps,
Porter, Prentiss, Preston, Rives, Ruggles, Seavier, Smith, of Indi-
ana, Southard, Tallmadge, Walker, Webster, White, Williams,
Mr. HUBBARD then moved to amend the bill by insert-
ing the provisions above referred to, and desired to record
his name singly on each of the provisions.
On this question a long and animated debate ensued, which
lasted till 4 o'clock-Messrs. CLAY, of Ala., SEVIER,
WRIGHT, CALHOUN, HUBBARD, and others parti-
On motion of Mr. TAPPAN, the Senate adjourned.

The VICE-PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a com-
munication from the President of the United States, contain-
ing a report of the commissioners for exploring the northeas-
tern boundary, in addition to what had been before commu-
Also, from the Treasury Department, in compliance with
a resolution of the Senate, showing the quantity of public
lands ceded to each of the States for certain specified pur-
The following memorials and petitions were presented and
appropriately referred:
By Mr. GRAHAM: From Murray & Spence, asking
compensation for extra services in carrying the mail.
By Mr. PIERCE: Papers in support of the claims of
Margaret Miller and Rebecca White to be placed on the
pension list.

Also, papers in support of the claim of Molly Luther, wi-
dow of a revolutionary soldier, to a pension.
By Mr. HENDERSON: From citizens of Vicksburg,
asking the passage of a bankrupt law.
Mr. HUBBARD, from the Committee of Claims, report-
ed a bill for the relief ef Langtree & Dickins.
Mr. PRESTON, from the Committee on Military Affairs,
reported a bill for the relief of Win. DePeyster and Henry
L. Cruger.
Mr. NORVELL, on leave, introduced a bill authorizing
the States to tax any land within their limits sold by the
United States.
Mr. N. asked to have the bill acted on at once, but, after a
few remarks from Mr. WHITE, it was referred to the Com-
mittee on Public Lands.
The following bills were then severally considered in Com-
mittee of the Whole, and ordered to be engrossed:
A bill to revive the act entitled An act to enable the
claimants to land within the limits of Missouri and Territo-
ry of Arkansas to institute proceedings to try the validity of
their claims," approved the 26th of May, 1824, and an act
amending the same and extendling the provisions of said
acts to claimants to land within the Stales of Louisiana and
A bill for the relief of Jacob Pennell and others, owners
of the Eliza, of Brunswick.
A bill for the relief of the Steamboat Company of Nan-
A bill for the relief of Caspar W. Waver,

A bill for the relief of certain companies of Missouri vol-
A bill further supplementary to an act entitled An act
to establish thejudicial courts of the United States," passed
the 24th of September, 1789.
The Senate then proceeded to the discussion of the spe-
cial order, being the bankrupt bill, when
Mr. HENDERSON rose and delivered his views at
Mr. WALKER followed, and the debate was further
continued between Messrs. CALHOUN, WALKER, and
CLAY, of Alabama, when
Mr. SEVIER said that the discussion of this bill had al-
ready taken up a great deal of time, and, so far as he could
see, without any prospect of bringing it to an end ; he would
therefore move to lay it on the table.
Mr. BENTON then moved that the Senate adjourn;
which motion was carried.


This day being set apart as a special order for the bills re-
ported by Mr. UNDERWOOD, from a select committee in rela-
tion to steamboat explosions-
Mr. JONES moved that the special order be postponed un-
til Thursday next, and that the House proceed with the con-
sideration of the bill before the House yesterday, making ap-
propriations for the payment of pensions for the year 1841.
Upon inquiry made of the Chair, it was answered that a
majority could postpone the order, but that it would then lose
its speciality. The SPEAKER suggested that the postponement
might be made by common consent, in which case it would
remain a special order. The CHAIR then inquired if there
was any objection.
Mr. CUSHING objected; and then
Mr. JONES moved that the special order be postponed un-
til Thursday next, and the motion was carried by two-thirds;
so that it remains a special order for that day.
Mr. CAVE JOHNSON moved that hereafter the daily
hour for the meeting of the House be eleven o'clock in the
forenoon, until otherwise ordered.
There was objection to the introduction of this motion, on
which the rules were suspended, and the motion was received
and adopted.
The House then, on motion of Mr. JONES, of Virginia,
resolved itself into Committee of the Whole on the state
of the Union, and resumed the consideration of the bill mak-
ing appropriations for the payment of pensions for the year
The question recurred on the following amendment, moved
yesterday by Mr. THOMPSON, of South Carolina, chairman
of the Committee on Military Affairs:
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That $100,000 be, and the
same is hereby, appropriated, to be expended under the direction
of the Secretary of War, for the benefit of such of the Seminole
chiefs and warriors as may surrender for emigration.
,. Mr. M. A. COOPER resumed his remarks from yester-
day, in reply to portions of the argument of Mr. GIDDINGS
having reference to the causes of the Florida war. Some
further explanations took place between Messrs. COOPER
and EvANS in relation to the pending controversy between
the States of Georgia and Maine.
Mr. CooPER, in the course of his remarks, was called to or-
der by Mr. ANDREWS, of Kentucky, for irrelevancy;
and at a subsequent period, when replying to the remarks of
Mr. GIDDINoS as to negro-stealing, and whilst meeting those
remarks with allusions to a certain case of negro-stealing in
Ohio, was pronounced to be out of order by the CHAIRMAN.
Mr. BLACK, insisting that his colleague (Mr. COOPER)
was merely replying to arguments which the gentleman from
Ohio (Mr. GIDDINGS) had been suffered to make, appealed
from the decision of the CHAIRu.
Some conversation ensued on the point of order, in which
Messrs. BLACK, ALFORD, ADAMS, and WISE par-
ticipated ; after which
The question was put Shall the decision of the CHAIRt
stand as thejudgment of the committee and was decided in
the negative: Ayes 56, noes 82.
So the decision of the CHAIR was reversed.
Mr. THOMPSON, of South Carolina, would appeal to
the honorable member from Georgia to say whether it was
prudent or proper in this discussion of a topic (however im-
properly dragged into this debate) upon which every South-
ern man should only feel as a Southern man, to be provoking
this family quarrel between Southern Whigs and Southern
Democrats; and whether it is just to regard thevery obscurest
of the obscure members of the Whig party as an exponent of
the feelings and opinions of that party on this subject. Would
it not be better, more fair, and more just to watt one short
month and hear the distinguished head of that party speak
for himself? Mr. T. would pledge himself that Gen. Har-
rison will so speak and act upon the subject of abolition as to
satisfy even the member from Georgia, and to seal forever his
lips except in praise.
Mr. COOPER proceeded in his remark's, (interrup.led by
explanations from Messrs. NISBET and GID D INGS,) and
concluded at ten minutes past two o'clock.
I Mr. BLACK then obtained the floor, and expressed him-
self decidedly opposed to the amendment of the getilerman
from South Carolina, (Mr. THOMPSON,) as being irrelevant
to the bill before the committee, and as being improper at this
lime. And, he said, he would have contented himself with
simply giving his vote against the amendment, had it not been
that for three long hours yesterday the gentleman from Ohio
(Mr. GIDDINOS) had been permitted to abuse, vilify, and mis-
represent him and his constituents.
Mr. B. then alluded to the efforts which had been made by
himself and his colleagues yesterday to arrest the gentleman
from Ohio in his course of remark, which, however, had
been unsuccessful. The consequences of suffering the gen-
tleman to go on could not but be foreseen by every member
of the House. He would say that it was not his intention to
argue the abstract question of slavery on this floor; he had
been instructed by his constituents to hold no argument with
abolitionists here. Mr. B. then intimated that if the gentleman
from Ohio would come amongst his (Mr. B.'s) constituents and
promulgate his doctrines there, he would find that Lynch law
would be inflicted, and that the gentleman would reach an el-
evation which he little dreamed of. Let the gentleman put
that down in his book ; let him carry it back home, and tell it
1V5 his indignation meetings.
Mr. GIDDINGS rose to a point of order, which he was
about to reduce to writing; when
Mr. WISE said: Let us get through this discussion as soon
as possible-let us go on without interruption.
Mr. BLACK then proceeded in his remarks. Once only
he was notified by the Chairman, during the reading of a
certain paper sent to the Clerk's table, that the Chairman did
not consider the course of remark in order ; but that, under
the decision of the committee, made this morning, the Chair
did not feel at liberty to call the gentleman to order.
Mr. B. then proceeded, and was discussing questions
connected with the policy of the non-slaveholding States on
the subject of slavery, &c. when
Mr. WISE made an appeal, as a Southern man, to Mr.
BLACK net to discuss the matter further.
Mr. BYNUM hoped the gentleman from Georgia would
proceed, and that the subject would be discussed at length, if
possible. The South was suffering more for this now than
for any thing else ; and if the gentleman from Georgia did not
proceed, he (Mr. BYNUM) should claim the right to doso. It
was time we should come to a settlement of accounts in these
Mr. BLACK again proceeded.
Several points of order were raised, which elicited some
desultory discussion, and in which Messrs. WARREN,
pated; but no action was taken upon them.
And Mr. BLACK again proceeded, (interrupted for
purposes of explanation by Messrs. WISE, ALBERT
After which, Mr. WISE rose and called the gentleman to
order, on the ground that his remarks were out of order, even
under the decision made by the committee this morning.
The CHAIR decided that the gentleman seas in order.
Mr. WISE appealed.
And the uluelthun being put. the dtcoi.-n .t'be Chs.ia wae
rtrerr:d, anl Mr. BLa, a was d rlared io ben .ut rford.r.
Subsequently, on motion o' Mr. A. SMITHl, otoljectino
having been made to Mr, BLACK'S proceeding,) leave was
granted that he (Mr. B.) should proceed in order.
And Mr. B. proceeded.
Some further interruption took place; after which
Mr. BLACK read, for the especial benefit of Mr. Gtn-
DINGS, the second, third, fjutth, and fiflh verses of the Gospel
of the holy St. Matthew.
Mr. B. then proceeded to read from the Emancipator news-
Mr. WISE rose to a point of order.
The CHAIRMAN decided that Mr. BLACK was out of

Mr. ANDREWS objected to the gentleman's pro-
Mr. A. SMITH moved that the gentleman have leave to
Which motion prevailing-
Mr. BLACK proceeded a few moments, when he closed
his remarks.
The CHAIRMAN then gave the floor to
Mr. DOWNING, of Florida, who, after deprecating the
extraordinary character of the discussion which had taken
place upon a measure the sole object of which was to give
peace to Florida, proceeded to reply to that portion of the ar-
guament of Mr. GmIDDINos which contained certain charges
against the Floridians in relation to the causes of this war,
and to vindicate his (Mr. D.'s) constituents therefrom. This
he did at great leng'h-cniering minutely into details-and
contending that the documents which hi iad l en read by theI
gentlemen from Ohio carrime, some of them Irom Indians,some
of them from slaves, and allof them from partial and preju-
diced sources. And he denied that the sentiments of the
gentlemen from Ohio on a certain subject were the senti-
ments of the great Whig party-or of that party in the State
of Ohio. He regretted that the gentleman could not have
permitted this sutljeet to pass at tliis time-believing, as he
did, that if the genius of Homer could sleep sometimes, the
genius of fanaticism should sometimes also be permitted to
Mr. D. believed that this was a glorious moment toi termi-
nate the war-he believed it might be terminated, if the mo-
ney was voted promptly now; but let the chance pas,It would
never return.

Mr. D. concluded at a few minutes before 5 o'clock, anA
Mr. SMITH, of Indiana, having obtained the -floor, a mo-
tion was made that the committee rise. No quorum having
voted, the committee rose and reported that fact to the House.
At 5 minutes to 5 o'clock P. M.
Mr. MALLORY, of Va. moved an adjournment, and the
question was taken by yeas and nays, and negatived: Yeas
37, nays 62.
A call of the House was then moved by Mr. LEET--ne-
gatived 45 to 50. .
An djournment was then again moved and carried.
And the House adjourned until to-morrow, 11 o'clock.


Edmund P. Gaines and wife, complainants,
Beverly Chew, Richard Relf, and others.
Ox a certificate of division in opinion between the Judges of
the Circuit Court of the United States for the Eastern Dis-
trict of Louisiana,

Mr. Justice THOMPSON delivered the opinion of
the Court.
This case comes up from the Circuit Court of the United
States for the Eastern District of Louisiana, upon a certifi-
cate of division of opinion upon the following points:
1. Does Chancery practice prevail, and Ahould it be extended
to litigants in this Court and in this cause ?
2. Should or not the said order of the 9th of March, 1837, be
annulled and vacated?
3. Should or not the cause be placed upon a rule docket, and the
Complainants be permitted to proceed according to Chancery
practice, and the Defendants be required to answer without oyer
of the documents prayed for, or a service of the bill in French,
as prayed for l
This was a bill filed in the District Court of the United
States for that District, on the 28th of July, 1836, according
te the course of practice in the Courts of the United States,
upon the equity side of the Court. And, in the course of
proceeding, the District Judge, on the 9th of March, 1837,
entered the following order :
W. W. Whitney and wife vs. Richard Relf andothers.-
In this case, having maturely considered the prayer for oyer, and
for copies of bill in French, the Court this day delivered its writ-
ten opinion thereon, whereby it is ordered, adjudged, and decreed
that the application for oyer of documents and for copies sf tha
bill of complaint in the manner prayed for (in French) be grant-
ed. And further, that all future proceedings in this case shall be
in conformity with the existing practice of this Court."
At the June term of the Circuit Court, in the year 1839, a
motion was made to set aside and vacate that order, and that
the Complainant might be permitted to proceed in the cause
according to the course of Chancery practice. And, upon
this motion, the division of opinion upon the points above
stated arose.
These points present the same question that has been re-
peatedly before this Court, and received its most deliberate con-
sideration and j judgment, viz. Whether the proceedings in suits
in equity in the Courtsof the United States in the District if
Louisiana are required tobe according to the courseofChancery
practice, and in conformity to that which is adopted and es-
tablishedl in the other States. It is not intended to go into
an examination of this question as one that is new and un-
decided, but barely to refer to the cases which have been
heretofore decided by this Court. In the case of Livingston
vs. Story, which came before this Court in the year 1835
(9 Peters, 655,) the Court took occasion to examine the
various laws of the United States establishing and organizing
the District Court in Louisiana, and to decide whether that
Court had equity powers, and, if so, what should be the mode
of proceeding in the exercise of such powers. The various
cases which had been before the Court involving substantial.
ly the same question in relation to the States, where there
were no Equity State Courts, or laws regulating the practice
in equity causes, were referred to. And the uniform decisions
of this Court have been that there being no Equity State
Courts did not prevent the exercise of equity jurisdiction in
the Courts of the United States. And it was, accordingly,
decided that the District Court of Louisiana was bound to
proceed in equity causes according to the principles, rules,
and usages which belong to Courts of Equity, as contradis-
tinguished from Courts of Common Law. That the acts of
Congress have distinguished between remedies at common
law and in equity. And that, to effectuate the purposes of
the Legislature, the remedies in the Courts of the United
States are to be at common law or in equity, not according to
the practice of the StateACourts, but according to the princi-
ples of common law and equity as distinguished and defined
in that country from which we derived our knowledge of those
principles, subject of course to such alterations as Congress
might think proper to make. But that no act of Congress
had been passed affecting this question. That the act of
Congress of 1824 could have no application to the case, be-
cause there were no Courts of Equity or State laws in Loui-
siana r.guliirg the practice in equity cases. And, again, in
tI he sarim.- C e .-.f Story vs. Livingston, which came before
the Court in 1839, (13. 368,) one of the exceptions taken to
the Master's report was, that, by a rule of the District Court,
Chancery practice had been abolished, and that such a pro-
ceeding was unknown to the practice of the Cmurt. This
Court says no such rule appears on the record. Butwe think
the occasion a proper one to remark that, if any such rule
has been made by the District Court of Louisiana, it is in
violation of those rules which the Supreme Court of the
United States has passed to regulate the practice in the Courts
of Equity of the United States. That those rules are as
obligatory upon the Courts of the United States in Louisiana
as upon all other United States Courts. And that the only
modifications or additions that can be made in them, by the
Circuit or District Courts, are such as shall got be inconsist-
ent with the rules thus prescribed. And 1hat, where such
rules do not apply, the practice of the Circuit and District
Courts must be regulated by the practice of the Court of
Chancery in England. That parties to suits in Louisiana
have a right to the benefit of these rules, nor can they be de.
nied, by any rule or order, without causing delays, producing
unnecessary and oppressive expenses, and, in the greater
number of cases, an entire denial oftquilable rights. That "
this Court has said, upon more than one occasion, after ma-
ture deliberation, that the Courts of the United States in
Louisiana possess equity powers under the Constitution and
laws of the United States. That, if there are any laws in
Louisiana directing the mode of proCePedin in equity causes,
they are adopted by the act of the 26thtIt o May, 1824, and
will govern the practice of the Courts of the United States.
But, as has been already said, there are no such laws in
Louisiana, and of course the act cannot apply. And, in the
case ex part Poultney vs. the City of Lafayette, (12
Peters, 474,) this Court said the rules of Chancery practice in
Louisiana mean the rules prescribed by this Court for the
government of the Courts of the United States, under the
authority given by the act of the 8th of May, 1792. And,
again, in the year 1839, in the case ox part Myra Clarke
Whitney, (13 Peters, 404,) application was made to this
Court for a mandamus to compel the District Judge to pro-
ceed in this caseaccording to the course of Chancery practice
upon a petition to the Court representing that he had refused
so to do, but had entered an order that all further proceedings
should be conformable to the provisions of the code of practice
in Louisiana, and the acts of the Legislature of that State.
Upon this application this Court again declared that it is the
duty of the Court to proceed in the suit according to the rules
prescribed by the Supreme Court for proceedings in equity
causes at the February term, 1832. That the proceedings of
the District Judge and the orders made by him in the cauae
(the very order now in question) were not in conformity with
those rules and with Chancery practice; but that it was not
a case in which a mandamus ought to issue, because the Dis-
trict Judge was proceeding in the cause, and, however irre-
gular that proceeding mtght be, the appropriate redress, if
any is to be obtained by an appeal after a final decree, shall
be made in the cause. That a writ of mandamus was net
the appropriate remedy for any orders which may be made in
a cause by a Judge in the exercise of his authuitty, alihtiish
they may seem to bear harshly or oppressively p-or, the party.
Such are the views which have been heretofore taken by
this Court upon the questions raised by the points which
have been certified in the record before us, and which
leave no ,.uht It.i they must all beanswered in the sffirma-
nive; these qursutons having been so repeatedly decided by
thbs Court, ansl the grounds upon which they rest so fully
stated and published in the reports, that it is unnecessary, if
not unfit, now to treat this as an open question. It is matter
of extreme regret that it appears to be the settled determina-
lion of the District Judge not to suffer Chancery practice to
prevail in the Circuit Court in Louisiana in rqui'v causes, in
total disregard of the repeated decisions if it,. Course, and
the rules of practice established by the Supreme Court to be
observed in Chancery cases.
This Court, as has been heretofore decided, has not the
power to compel that Court to proceed according to those es-
tablished rules. All that we can do is toprevent proceedings
otherwise, by reversing them when brought here on appeal.
All the questions presented by the record are, accordingly,
answered in the affirmative.

True copy. Test: WM. THOS. CARROLL,
Clerk S. C. U. S.

N. BOWDITCH BLUNT, Esq., of New York, and C. L.
JONES, Esq., of Washington, were admitted attorneys and
counsellors of this Court.
No. 87. John D. Amis, plaintiff in error, vs. Dyer Pearl.
On the motion of Mr. CoxE, this writ of error ho the district
court of the United States for the northern district of Mis-
sissippi was docketed and dismissed with costs.
No. 40. Charles Gratio., plaintiff in error, vs. the United
States. This cause was further argued by Mr. BRENT for
the planiliff in error.
Adjourned till to-morrow, II t,'clock A. M.

Associated themselves t.,rseher, and intend carrying on the
Wholesale Drug Business, lately purchased by ihem of Messrs.
J, B. Fitzgerald & Co. urder the style of Keener & Emack, and
respectfully solicu a cntnuainil of 11 firmer paru-onae.
Liberty street, Baltimore, Jan. 27, 1841. feb 6--3tif
GOtOD LETTER PAPER, faint lined, at 3 dollars
per ream, a mast excellentan. cheap article. Also, a grefiat
variety of Paper at the lowest prices, at the Bookanore of
sept28 Between 9thand 10th ts. Penn.avenluet


"s Liberty and Unlon,now and forever,one and



The PRESIDENT ELECT of the United States
reached the city yesterday by the morning train
of Cars from Baltimore, between eleven and twelve
The arrangements for his reception, made by
the city committee and heretofore announced,
were carried out as fully as the very inclement
state of the weather permitted, (snow falling heavi-
ly at the timee) The attendance, indeed, of citi-
zens from the city and other parts of the District,
was much larger than could have been anticipated
under such unfavorable circumstances, and proved
the intense desire universally felt to behold and
hail THE MAN OF THE PEOPLE. The procession
formed at the City Hall, though marching four
abreast, extended nearly from the Hall to Penn-
sylvania avenue. Oa the arrival of the cars, the
rush to the doors of the railroad depot, by the
multitude not in procession, was so overwhelming
that it was found impossible to go through the
ceremony of the address there, and the General
was immediately conducted, through double lines
of citizens, to the City Hall, where Mr. SEATON,
Mayor of the City, addressed himrt as follows:
In obedience, sir, to the wishes of my fellow-citizens of
Washington, I beg leave to offer to you, in their name, a cor-
dial and heartfelt welcome to the Metropolis of the Union.
They could not have assigned to me a duty more gratifying
to my own feelings, or one which I should be more proud to
"As there was no portion of the American People who
had so deep a stake in the issue of the late Presidential Elec-
tion as the inhabitants of this city, there was no portion of
thet who felt a deeper solicitude in the event of it, or a more
sincere and grateful joy at its glorious result.
"Although the peculiar subjects of Federal legislation, and
at the mercy, as it were, of the Federal rulers, the people of
this city yet dared to think for themselves, and publicly to
avow their disapproval of the measures of the Administra-
tion; they dared to invoke their countrymen throughout the
Union to rise up and rescue the Government from the hands
of those who had abused their trust, and whose rule had
proved so disastrous to the public weal.
"For exercising this sacred right-a right inseparable from
every just notion of republican liberty-a sight never ques-
tinned but by tyrants, and never surrendered but by slaves;
for exercising this free American privilege, they have been
subjected to indignities and oppressions which put to
shame the, most flagrant of those acts of British oppression
which impelled our fathers to take up arms. Still, undismayed
by the menaces of power, and unsubdued by injustice, the
people of Washington shrank not from their duty. They
continued to assert the free right of opinion and of speech, to
proclaim their own wrongs and those of their country, and
to bear testimony against the incompetency and unfaithful-
ness of the public rulers; and they have the proud satisfac-
tion of believing that their voice was n6t altogether unheard
in the awakening of their countrymen to a sense of the pub-
lic danger, and to the necessity of a change in the Executive
"Eleven years ago, sir, you returned to this city from an
honorable and important trust abroad, the first victim of a re-
morseless political proscription, till then unknown to our his-
tory. You now enter it at the call of your country, to take
the place of those who proscribed you, and to occupy the ele-
vated station which was prostituted to your persecution-thus
signally rebuking an intolerance alien to the spirit of liberty,
and furnishing an example of retributive justice honorable to
our republican institutions, and cheering to the friends of free
The neeessity of reform is inscribed on every lineament
of the National Administration; and you, sir, have been
chosen by your country the honored instrument of that re-
form; in you the hopes of the nation are now centred-hopes,
indeed, made bright by undoubting confidence.
"Happily, sir, in y.ur known character and past history
we have every guaranty for a faithful, wise, and honest ad-
ministration of the public affairs; and we have only to pray
that it may prove as happy for yourself personally, as we are
confident it will be advantageous for our common country.
In the name of my fellow-citizens I make you welcome
to the city of your official residence."
[The MAvoR concluded by tendering to the General the
hospitalities of the city, and said he should be happy, when-
ever he pleased, to conduct him to the quarters provided for
his accommodation.]
To this Address General HARRISON replied,
briefly, but well. He said that a long and intimate
acquaintance with the citizens of Washington had
left him no room to doubt a reception, from the
Mayor and those whom he represented, as cordial
as that which he now experienced. Whatever
difficulties he might encounter in the administra-
tion of the Government of the Union, he said he
had a most pleasing anticipation of happiness in
his social relations for the time which he might
reside amongst them.
With respect to the unpropitious circumstances
of the affairs of the District, to which the Mayor
had alluded in his Address, Gen. H. said, what-
ever they might be, he begged him to believe that
no motive was wanting to induce him, by all the
legal means within his power, to contribute to
their improvement or reformation.
Mr. J. A. BLAKE, President of the Washington
Tippecanoe Club, was then introduced to General
HARRISON, and made him a brief and neat address
on behalf of the Club, to which the General replied
in appropriate terms.
After this ceremonial, an hour was spent in a
personal introduction of many hundred citizens to
the General, who appeared to be in fine health
and spirits.
The committee then escorted him to his lodg-
ings at Gadsby's Hotel, and soon after left him to
himself until half past 4 o'clock, when the com-
mittee returned to the Hotel, and; by previous ar-
rangement, entertained at dinner the General, the
gentlemen of his suite, (Messrs. CHAMBERS, TODD,
COPEBAND, and R. WICKLIFFE, jr.,) the gentlemen
of the Baltimore committee who had attended him
to this city, and the Mayors of Georgetown and

We understand that Gen. HARRISON will
attend at the City Hall on Thursday, from the
hours of one o'clock to three, to receive the visits
of Ladies, together with such gentlemen as have
ladies under escort.

General HARRISON remains during his present
,visit to the city at the National Hotel, where the
city committee engaged lodgings for him. It had
been his purpose to lodge at the private residence
of an old personal friend, (W. L. BaNrT, Esq.)
but he subsequently accepted the accommoda-
tions tendered to him by the city.

DaowanD.-The body of John Vilet, who left his house
suddenly a day or two ago, was taken from the river on
Thursday. Some losses he met with lately are supposed to
have driven him to self-destruction.
"In this country," says an English editor, "it is consider-
ed the height of folly tot a man to get drunk and lie across
a raroad with the idea of obtaining repose." The sameopi-
pion obtains to a considerable extent in America.


McLzoD.-An extra of the Lockport Courier,
published on Saturday, gives an official account
of the public meeting held in the case of MCLEOD.
It appears that, on the fact being known on Wed-
nesday evening that McLEon had been admitted
to bail, some four or five hundred citizens assem-
bled spontaneously at the Court-house, and or-
ganized into a meeting by the choice of JOHN
JACKSON as Chairman, and WILLIAM 0. BROWN
Secretary. A committee was then appointed to
wait on Judge BoWEN, and Messrs. BUEL and
BROTHERSTON, the reputed bail, to ascertain if the
report were true. The chairman, meanwhile, hav-
ing stated to the meeting that, if Mr. McLEoD had
entered into bail, lie was entitled to a discharge
from prison, and that any attempt to obstruct his
discharge would subject the offender to severe
punishment, the following resolution was adopted:
"Resolved, That no obstruction to the discharge of said
McLEoD, in case he has entered into bail, shall be made or
countenanced; but that it is the right and duty of this meet-
ing, considering the circumstances of the case, and that the
amount of bail is far unequal to the demand of the law, (if
hail be allowed at all,) to try to prevail on Messrs. Buet and
Brotherston to surrender said McLeod to the Sheriff-a privi-
lege which bail in all cases possess."
The meeting then aij.iurne.] to 9 o'clock on the following
morning, at which time the committee reported. At this
meeting Judge BOWvEN and Captain BUEL were present, and
arrangements were made for the legal surrender of McLEoD
by his bail. A committee was then appointed to embody the
sentiments of the meeting in a series of resolutions, which
were reported and adopted after the following fashion:
"Whereas the case of Alexander McLeod, arrested and
held to bail for a capital offence, has become a matter ot se-
rious importance, and to which the attention of our fellow-ci-
tizens, in every part of the country, is directed, we, as citi-
zens of the village of Lockp.irt, amnd county of Niagara, fel-
ing anxious that such steps should be taken in the matter as
shall be consistent with our rights, the supremacy of our laws,
and a vindication of our national honor, disavow all intention
of prejudging the case of said Alexander McLeod, or to do
aught that shall have a tendency to prevent said McLeod
from having a fair and impartial trial, acting on the legal
maxim that the accused should be presumed innocent until
proved guilty.
Therefore, Resolved, That we are highly gratified that
Capt. Wn. Buel has seen fit to place McLeod again in cus-
tody, especially as it is but a few ,lays before the sitting of our
Court, when the Grand Juty will pass upon his case,,under
the direction of the Court.
Resolved, That we highly approve the recent answer of
Mr. Forsyth to the unjust demand of Mr. Fox for the dis-
charge of said MeLeod, and the sentiments of Messrs. Fill-
more, Cushing, and Alfotbrd, delivered in Congress, fully meet
our approbation, and are such as the exigency of the case and
the honor of the nation called for.
"Resolved, That all cause of dissatisfaction in relation to
the bailing of MeLeod hI4 ben removed by the course taken
by Judge Bowen and Cjplin Buel, and that therefore this
meeting stand adjourned without day."
Such is the face put upon this affair by its offi-
cial chronicles, authenticated by the signatures of
the Chairman and Secretary. In the best light
we can consider it only as a triumph of the mob
over the action of a court of justice. It is a con-
flict of popular violence with the judicial authori-
ty. The magistrate hes been overawed in the dis-
charge of his official duty, and to that extent the su-
premacy of the law has been defied with success.

The Richmond Enquirer thinks that we must
be preparing our thunder-(to use his own clas-
sical language)-"forging bolts in our cave of
Cyclops," to hurl against the demonstrations of
show and parade which have marked the progress
of Gen. HARRISON, thus far, to the seat of Gov-
ernment. What we deprecated, and what we do
now deprecate, is man worship on the part of the
multitude, and fawning on the part of individuals,
for the sake of favor. We never objected to pro-
per exhibitions of respect towards the President
elect, nor, if we had objected, would our opposi-
tion have availed. Gen. HARRISON is a popular
favorite, and it would be idle to attempt to repress
altogether the feelings of the People for him. In
expressing these feelings, there must be more or
less "show," and some "species of parade."
The spontaneous gatherings of the People wher-
ever Gen. HARItSON appears, tlhe acclamations
that rend the air when he mingles in the crowd,
and the desire evinced to hail him as a Patriot
President, are, at least, natural, honorable to the
object of respect, and not discreditable to those
who manifest, in this way, their sentiments. This
thing may, doubtless, be carried too far; but let
us wait and see cause for complaint before we
complain.-Alex. Gaz.

FROM VALPAREAISO.-Among the arrivals at Valparaiso in
October last, we find named the steamers Peru and Chili, from
Plymouth, England, and last from Talcahuana, and also se-
veral British vessels from Newcastle and London with coals.
The departure of these steamers from England, for the pur-
pose of establishing regular lines of communication between
iheports on the western coast of South America, has been be-
fore mentioned.

LIFE OF OLIVER GOLDSMITH, and Selections from
his Writings.
Those who have not had leisure for the perusal of the more
elaborate life of GOLDSMITH, by PRIOR, will find a very agree-
able substitute in one of less pretension by WASHINGTON IR-
viNm, just published in Nos. 121 and 122 of Harper's Family
This biographical sketch, extending through some 200
pages, we can readily imagine to have been, as the author in-
forms us it was, "a labor of love." And if any one can be
satisfied with less than all the writings of so delightful a poet
and essayist, he will have a fastidious taste indeed if he object
to Irving as a caterer.
Miss MABTINEAU has put forth a new novel "The Hour
and the Man." We do not profess to be inordinate admirers
of this lady's wr;iin2s, r.nd as our perusal of this production
has been hasty, we are fain to content ourselves with the cri-
ticism recommended to amateur artists, and say, The pic-
ture is not ill painted, bet would have been better if the
painter had taken more pains."
WEt.c, AND N. P. WtLuts.-The spirited proprietors of the
Tattler and Brother Jonathan have issued the first number
of a magazine under the above title, which, by the bye, serves
the double purpose of conveying the name and price at the
same time-one dollar per year, In advance, being the ex-
ltrnumst lor psum of the publication. The magazine is in-
tended to embody the cream of the Brother Jonathan's con-
tents, such matter only being inserted there as before ap-
peared in the weekly paper.
The future numbers are to make their appearance the l5th
of every month.
NT'RAL CuRIOSITIs.-The Boston Society of Natural
History have recently received, through the politeness of D.
S. MaCAULEY, Esq. U. S. Consul at Tripoli, two rare varie-
ties ot African sheep. Three of these animals, a ram, ewe,
and lamb, covered with close, thick wool, are fine specimens
of the four-horned variety from Benzari, in the Tripoli Re-
gency. They are also distinguished by the great breadth of
the tail, which occasionally attains the weight of 15 pounds,
resembling marrow in its substance, and esteemed a great de-

licacy by epicures. The fourth specimen, a ram of the Fez-
zan variety, is clothed with hair, which forms a mane upon
the neck and shoulders, and attains a length of several inches
on the dewlap. In the hair, as well as long and slender legs,
this animal nearly approaches the goat; while the projecting
nose and recurred horns eminently distinguish this variety.
We learn from the Cumberland Civilian that a deliberate
murder was committed on the body of Mr. WM. DUDLEY,
from Cornwall, England, who, for the last two years, has had
charge of the works in the tunnel of the Chesapeake and
Ohio Canal. He was shot down on the night of the 23d ult.
while on his way home from work, and was afterwards se-
verely.beaten with clubs. It is suspected that the murder
was committed by three laborers whom he had discharged
from employment some weeks before.
BANK SUSPENSItoNs,-The result of the meeting of the
officers of the Banks of Baltimore, held yesterday morning
at eight o'clock, was the adoption of a resolution, by a un-
animous vote, to suspend specie payments. This course was
unavoidable, in view of the general suspension which bad
previously taken place among the Banks of Philadelphia. On
Saturday perhaps upwards of $100,000 in specie were drawn
from the Banks of Baltimore by note holders and on drafts;
and yesterday morning a number of brokers and agents from
the eastward stood ready to draw coin, had not the determi-
nation to suspend interposed to prevent them. The Virginia
Banks will, without doubt, also suspend,-American.

HARRisBuan, FEB. 6,1841.
We were surprised to hear, as we did, by the morning train
of cars, the news of the general suspension of specie payments
by the banks of your city. The intelligence was altogether
unexpected, and produced great uneasiness on the minds of
both members of the Legislature and our citizens. There
was extreme solicitude in every countenance, but no indica-
tion on the part of the members of either branch of the Le-
gislature to precipitate matters, or to do any thing hastily or
unadvisedly. The only question we hear now asked is, what
shall be done to relieve the citizens of the State'1 I think I
can assure you that, so far as the Legislature is concerned,
speedy measures will be taken to make the suspension as light
as possible. The Governor, I think, will not be behind the
Assembly in doing "hat he can in this matter. All, Gov.
ernor, Senators, and members of the House, must feel and
see the necessity of acting in the present emergency, as be-
comes Pennsylvanians ; I have no fears on that subject.
In the Senate, a message was received from the Governor,
containing very much in detail a statement of the amount of
loans made by the banks to the Commonwealth during the
past year, or $2,800,000 exclusive of the $800,000 borrowed
on the 1st of February. 899,000 have been loaned by indi-
viduals, leaving the actual amount received from the banks,
say $3,500,000! The message merely states these facts in
detail. On its being read, Mr. REED, chairman of the Com-
mittee on Finance, moved its reference to that committee, and
the printing of five hundred copies for distribution. He very
briefly, and in a conciliatory and proper temper, gave his rea-
sons for desiring to circulate the document at this juncture.
It disclosed facts which, in justice to the People and the banks,
should be extensively known and appreciated. The requisi-
tions of the State on the banks, during the past year, may be
an active cause in producing the disastrous result, the news
of which, said Mr. R., had this morning reached the seat of
Government. At all events, it was due to the banks that
their works for good, as well as their works for evil, should be
known by the People. Mr. R. said he was glad the Governor
had communicated the information at this time. It was most
opportune. It would not and need not interfere with the final
judgment or action of the Legislature or the People at a junc-
ture so alarming. "He hoped what he said would not lead to
discussion, which, with inadequate information, and under
accidental excitement, was to be avoided. The whole sub-
ject, painful in all its aspects, would need and receive the calm
consideration of the Senators. It involved no party consider-
ations, but reached and affected the business of every man of
business, and as men of business alone ought Senators to
consider it. Mr. REED made a few other remarks of the same
tenor, which were listened to with great attention.
At the suggestion of Mr. FLEMINGr and Mr. CASE, the num-
ber ordered to be printed was one thousand, and the resolu-
tion was adopted.
We need scarcely say the intelligence that the Bank of the
United States had again suspended specie payments caused
considerable sensation in the city yesterday. To us it appears
to be an event much to be deplored-not particularly on ac-
count of its stockholders or the holders of its notes, but on ac-
count of the deleterious effect it will have on the banking sys-
tem generally, and on American public credit abroad, antd
that at a moment when both the Federal Government and
the State Governments have occasion to resort to their credit
on no insignificant scale.
Of the causes which have led to the suspension we have
no doubt the most prominent is, the speculations which have
been going on here, based on the depression of the value of
the stock. There is no other way for accounting for the ex-
cessive demand on the institution for specie.
The demand for specie, on which the suspension took place,
was made by brokers in New York, at a time when the dis-
count on the paper here was little or nothing more than the
expense of sending on the notes and bringing back the specie.
Why, then, was the specie demanded t We much mistake
if there have been any who have really a stake in the general
prosperity of the country, and who have lent their aid to pro-
mote these stock-jobbing assaults on the Bank-we much
mistake, we say, if they do not have cause to deplore their
conduct, for no bank is safe against such attacks. The bank
has already paid out in specie, since the resumption, nearly as
much as the whole amount of specie in the vaults of the Bank
of England-quite as much as all the specie held by all the
banks of this State, according to the Comptroller's report,
which amounted on the let January last only to "5 2i, I '.,,"
and yettherunon her was still continued,and not forany for-
eign export demand.
We repeat, no bank can withstand such assaults; and be-
lieving, as we firmly do, that the welfare of the country has
been most materially promoted by the banking system, we
cannot but look with dismay on a line of conduct which places
the whole at the mercy of stock gamblers. Take, to illustrate
our view, the State Comptroller's report just published. Our
banks have a circulation of rising $15,000,000, and deposited
to an amount rising $17,000,000, and to meet all this but five
millions and a half ofespecie, if specie is demanded.
We cannot account tor the really malevolent feeling evinc-
ed by some journals at this, in our view, truly unfortunate
event. The Bank of the United States is certainly, now at
least, in no way connected with partisan politics; and why,
therefore, its downfall, if downfall it should prove, should be
considered by any, except the gamblers in its stock, as a mat-
ter I'f ,rat ,ti.,n, is to us unaccountable.
1V8lrlre.l the consequences, besides, for this city. Wefear
the evil will n.r.i atop with the United States Bank. We fear
for every bank in Philadelphia, and south of that city ; and
then it cannot be otherwise than that New York, with her
commercial connexions, should feel the shock, and most se-
verely, too.

We learn, says the Savannah Georgian of Wednesday,
from a passenger in the United States steamer Beaufort,
Captain HUNTER, that about two weeks since a wagon, own-
ed by a Mr. TURNER, and which was laden with hides and
driven by a negro, was, on the way from Fort Tarver to
Black Creek, attacked by a party of Indians about five miles
from said fort. The driver and five horses were killed, and
the wagon and hides burnt.
Mr. TURNER had his horse shot under him when he at-
tempted to make his escape. He was chased and overtaken,
when he fell on his knees, and while his hands were raised
they put a pistol to his head, fired, and shot him in the ear,
when he fell senseless. They then stripped him and robbed
him of $150 in gold. While these men were engaged in
plundering him, the party at the wagon raised a shout which
induced the former to quit Mr. T. suddenly. Mr. Turner
afterwards walked to Fort Tarver, about five mi les distant.
The pistol it appeared had nothing with the powder but wad,
the ball having fallen out in the pursuit. The Indians while
pursuing him threw down their rifles,
These Indians were tracked down towards the camp re-
cently surprised by Colonel RILEY on the south side of the
Ocklawaha, which is protected by General ARMISTEAD with
a safeguard.
It is rumored at Pilatka that Colonel HARNtY had discover-
ed SAM JONES'S stronghold, and had returned for reinforce-
TtE LADIES' COMPANION for February has been handed
us by the son of Mr. HAMPTON, the agent, who delivers the
work at the Agency Office, near the Railroad, or at his house,
Washington street, Georgetown, for $3 per annum, free of
postage. A steel n,.5.ia.irii of Burns and his Highland Ma-
ry, illustrative of the htihe o' Barley, opens the book; which
closes with two pages of Music and an interesting Book Ta-
ble. Many good original tales and other articles are to be
found in this number; among which are Old Nat," by the
author of Clinton Bradshaw ; Our Library," No. 10, by
Mrs. Embury; "Paulina Rosier," by Robert Hamilton;
" Sketches in the West," by the author of Lafiute, &c.;
"Friendship and Love," by Annie Foster Love's Vaga.
ries," by Mrs. Ornei "Love and Speculation," by Eppes
Sargent;im The Star and the Flower," a poem, by Park Ben-
jamin ; and others, filling about 50 pages, with a handsome

N OTICE,-ANDW. R. JENKINS, Agent for the Brother
Jonathan, New World, Weekly Herald, and Universal
Yankee Nation, weuld inform the citizens of Washingtsn and
Georgetown Iltat he will furnish them single copies on the eve-
ning of the day of publication i price 8 cents. Also, Bennett's
Daily Herald regularly received, price 6 cts. The Dollar Mag-
azine also for sale, single copies 12* cents.
Tie above papers are for sale at the store formerly occupied by
Mrs. Ronekendorff, confectioner, Penn, avenue, between 31 and
4j streets. feb 10-3t
BS. MANNING, on 13th street, between E and F, can
iTE accommodate transients with comfortable boarding.
feb I0-eolOt

IUBILIC AUCTION.-I will sell, in front of my store'
S on Thursday-morning, 11th inst. at 10 o'clock, a fine lot of
new Furniture, such as-
Bureaus, Tables, Toilet Tables, Settees
Cane-seat and wood Chairs, 2 damask Rocking Chairs
High and low-post Bedsteads, Mattresses, Carpets
Shovel and Toegs, Andirons, Guns, Clocks, China, &c.
feb 10 Auctioneer.
the earliest times until the year 1831, by Charles Von Rot-
teek, LL. D. translated from the German and continued to 1840,
by Frederick Jones, A. M. illustrated by twenty-four historical
engravings, designed by Heideloff, Dalbon, and others, engraved
by J. Spittall, in 4 vols. A fresh supply is this day received and
Jor sale by W. M. MORRISON,
feb 10 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.

N EW GOODS.-We have this day received-
S20 dresses handsome Mousselines -
20 do medium do
10 pieces black and blue-black Silks
10 do plain and figured Bombazines
5 do Gros de Afrique, for bonnets
4 packages Bed Tickings
3 do Checks and Plaids
5 do American Prints
16 do brown and bleached Cottons
30 dozen linen cambric Handkerchiefs.
For sale low by .
feb 10-eo3t ADAMS, McPHERSON & CO.


TUTION.-The Discourse delivered by PisHEY TnoMPsoN, at
the Unitarian Church, on Saturday evening last, before the
"National Institution for the Promotion of Science," was an
examination into some of the principal causes which have
tended to promote the moral, social, and intellectual improve-
ment of mankind.$
The lecturer stated, at the commencement, that he should
limit his observations to two of the principal points which the
subject presented, and to one or other of which nearly all the
circumstances which had tended to the advancement of man-
kind might, in hias opinion, be referred. These were, the
Christian Religion, and the Knowledge and Adoption of the
Representative System of Government. The benefits and
blessings of Christianity were briefly stated, the lecturer de-
clining to assume the character of its expounder, and aiming
only to justify its claim as the great civilizer and improver of
man's condition here, and the only foundation of his happiness
hereafter. The peculiar blessings conferred upon the female
sex by Christianity were enumerated, and her condition under
its influence contrasted with what it was before its introduc-
tion, and what it is now whereChristianity does not prevail.
Mr. T. declined separating the intellectual from the moral
improvement of mankind, and, after some observations re-
specting the immense importance of the Temperance and
Peace Societies, as inculcating two most fundamental doc-
trines of Christianity, passed on to an enumeration of the
great discoveries of the 15th century, including the discovery
of the mariner's compass, the passage round the Cape of
Good Hope, the discovery of America, the inventions of En-
graving, Painting in oil, and, finally, that of Printing. He
then made some remarks on the wonderful agency of Steam,
and proceeded to the other branch of his discourse-the im-
provements in the moral and political condition of mankind.
Mr. THOMPSON defined a Republic or Commonwealth to
be that form of Political Government which secures to all liv-
ing under its influence equal rights, privileges, and protec-
tion; and, according to this definition, he pronounced the
United States Government to be the first example of a Re-
publican form of Government which had ever existed on our
globe, so far as any record thereof has come down to our day.
He traced the progress of political improvement in Great Bri-
tain, France, the Netherlands, Germany, Prussia, Sweden,
Greece, Turkey, Egypt, Africa in general, Hindostan, &c.,
and then took a rapid survey of the present state of political
rule on this Continent, including the United States, Mexico,
Texas, the Republics of South America, and the Empire of
Brazil. IIe showed what had been the effect of the example
of this country upon the minds of the People of Great Bri-
tain, and France, and several other countries of Europe. He
then, in order to prove his assertion that the United States
had given the first example of a Republican form of Govern-
ment, examined the political institutions of what were
called the Republics of Sparta, Athens, Thebes, Carthage,
and Rome, clearly showing that no one of these could claim
the honor of having first given the world an example of a
Republic. Nor did the modern world possess any stronger
claim to this proud distinction. It was to confederated Ame-
rica that the honor was due; and it was to her example that
mankind owed all the improvements they had received in
their social and political condition.
Mr. TnoMPsoN then pointed out the peculiar feature of a
Republic, which was, that all the benefit's and protection of
society were extended to its citizens at a less sacrifice of indi-
v;dual rights than any other form of government; and that it
wasenabled to do this, through a dependence upon the self-
government of its citizens; that, in proportion as its citizens
departed from the precepts of wisdom and virtue, the hands
of the Government must be strengthened in just the same
proportion; that, therefore, every act of vice or folly committed
by a citizen wasa stab upon the liberty of the country ; that
there was a necessity for a certain quantity of power being
placed somewhere, for the protection of the quiet and the good
against the turbulent and the wicked; that the form of gov-
ernment was best where individuals retained the greater part
of this power, through good sense and correct morals, in their
ownhands; that as, through folly and wickedness, they aban-
doned the power of self-government, they placed, of necessity,
more power in the hands of the General Government.
There was a necessity, he argued, for the inhabitants of a
Republic to be better men than others, because they had high-
er privileges, which they could not hope to retain except by
the union of Christian principles and Christian motives with
the discharge of their political and social duties.
Trt WEATnECR.-Yesterday this city and the neighborhood
were visited with another snow storm. The snow commenc-
ed between eight and nine o'clock in the morning and de-
scended in large flakes during the greater part of the day, ren-
dering our streets and contiguous roads ankle deep in wet
snow, mud, and mire.
BEWARE OF PtCKPOCKETS.-During the time of the proces-
sion yesterday, when the President elect was being escorted
from the Railroad Depot to the City Hall, two of our citizens
had their pockets picked: the one of a pocket-book contain-
ing upwards of two hundred dollars, the other of his pocket-
book, without any money in it, he having prudently taken
out the latter before he joined in the procession. We take
this occasion to put our citizens upon their guard, as we are
well advised when we say that there are already several adroil
pickpockets in this city who were in Baltimore on Saturday
last, and who, as we were then assured by the Baltimore po-
lice, will rendezvous in this metropolis, where they expect to
do a full business between the present time and the day of in-
auguration. Strangers and citizens, then, are advised to keep
a strict look out, especially when they go into crowds or places
of public resort and amusement.
THRaEE FIRES IN ONE DAY.-In addition to the two fires
which took place on Monday last in this city, and which
were noticed in yesterday's National Intelligencer, another
fire broke out, about eight o'clock last night, in a stable oc-
cupied by Mr. Ferguson on 4th street, near the Eastern Ma-
sonic Hall, which, we understand, entirely consumed the for-
mer. How this fire originated does not appear to be ascer-
tained. ThIe fire companies turned out again with praise-
worthy alacrity, notwithstanding their fatiguing exertions in
the former part of the day.
g~' We regret to learn that, at the fire in the house of C.
L. JoNES, corner of Third street and Pennsjleania avenue,
on Monday evening, the libraries of miscellaneous and law
books, with large masses of papers, belonging to Gen. WAL-
TER JONEs, were much damaged and thrown into utter con-
fusion in the removal.

Washington, f,'erusr. a, 1841.
Twenty four deaths hare been reported to tie Board of Health
for the month ending 31st January.
Of these, there were of the age of two years and under, 4;
between twa and ten, 4; between ten and thirty, 5 ; between
thirty and fifty, 10; upwards of eighty, 1.
Diseases : Patsy 1 ; Dropsy 4 ; Consumption 2; Teething 3 ;
Dysentery I ; not reported 2 Water on the Brain 1; Fits 1
Gravel I ; Decline 2 ; Inflammation of Bowels I ; Childbed 1
Pleurisy 1 t Sudden I ; Intemperance 2.
sociatlon.--An adjourned meeting of this Association will be
held at the Medical College on Wednesday (tims) evening, at 7
o'clock, for the transaction of business. The members of the As-
sociation are respectfully and urgently requested to attend.
feb 10 JOHN A. LYNCH, Secretary.

1:; Next Frlday, Saturday, and Sunday, the 12th, 13th,
and 14th inst., the Canonization of St. Francis de Hieronymo of
the Society of Jesus will be solemnly celebrated in Trinity church,
Georgetown. A grand musical High Mass will he performed each
day, at half past 10 A. M., by a select and able orchestra, and a Dis-
course delivered on Friday by Rev. J. P. DONELAN, on Saturday
by Rev. S. BARBER, and on Sunday by Rev. J. RvYDE.
feb 10-3tif

3 COLUMBIA ARTILLERY.-A special meeting
of the Company will be held this evening in the Lyceum room
on C street. Members are requested to be punctual. Persons
wishing to become members are respectfully invited to attend.
By order: V. HARBAUGH,
feb 10 Secretary.
N OTICE.-At a special meeting of the Washington Benev-
-LI olent Society, held at their room on Monday evening, the
8th instant, it was unanimously resolved that this Society celebrate
the approaching anniversary ofSt. Patrick with a temperance din-
ner. Thie citizens of Washington 'and Georgetown favorable to
the above celebration are respectfully invited to attend a meeting
(in conjunction with a committee anpointed on the part of the So.
city) to Ie held at their room on G street, between 6th and 7th,
on Friday nest, at 7 o'clock P. M. in order to enter into the pre-
liminary arrangements. PHILIP ENNIS,
feb 10-2t C.nm. on e panrt .ar the W. B. S.
aB ECKIV I' H'%4 PILLS.-A cc.ns'anm "i.rly of these pa-
polar Pills f.,r sale, by the dozen ar N"l.Ie ''x, at
jan 29 TODp'S Drug store.

For the benefit of Mr. FORREST.
Will be acted Bulwer's play of the
Claude Melnotte, Mr. FORREST.
After which the favorite melodrama of
Carwin, Mr. FORREST.
Doors open j before 7-performances commence J past 7.

C ONCERT.-At the request of several families who attend-
ed their concert on Monday evening last, the
have been induced to give two more concerts (previous to their
departure for the South) in the Saloon of the Museum, on Tues-
day and Wednesday evenings, the 9th and 1tlh of February.
To commence at half past 7 o'clock.
Programmes will be delivered in the Saloon.
In order to afford the Public in general an opportunity of wit-
nessing the performances of these wonderful children, the price
of admission will be : Tickets 50 cents each ; children half price.
They may be had at Fischer's Music Store, of Messrs. Owen, Ev-
ans, & Co. Merchant Tailors, the book-stores, and at the Museum.
feb 9-2t
ST A MEETING of the subscribers to the National Ball,
5. to be given at the New Saloon, Gadaby's Hotel, on Tues-
day, the 16th instant, the following-named gentlemen were ap-
W. W. Season Hon. S. Mason
E. Snowden, of Alex. Charles Lee Jones
lion. W. L. Goggin Hon. W. C. Preston
Chas. B. Culvert, Md. Joseph H. Bradley
A. McIntyre Hon. John White
Hon. U. Downing lDr. Wmin. Jones
Joseph Bryan, Ala. Hon. W. C. Rives
Sethi Hyatt Donald MacLeod
Hon. J. H. Eaton Hon. W. P. Mangum
Dr. B. Washington Dr. J. C. Hall
B. P. Carter, Va. lion. J. J. Crittenden
S. Starkweather, N. Y. Dr. J. M. Thomas
Walter Hellen J. P. Kennedy, Bait.
Chas. H. Pitts, Balt. W. Lenox
Thomas Allen Hon. M. H.Grinnell
Hon. T. H. Williams Dr. Thomas Miller
R. S. Patterson Hon. Chris. Morgan
Hon. W. C. Johnson W. T. Carroll
S. P. Franklin Hon. F. Granger
J. P. Van Ness W. A. Bradley
Hon. E. Curtis lHon. W. C. Dawson
Columbus Munroe Hon. T. B. King
Hon. D1). Jenifer Alexander Hunter
W. L. Brent Reverdy Johnson, Bait.
T. L. Smith S. Murray feb 8-eotMl6
BALL.-At a meeting of thesubscribers to the above Ball
held at Carusi's Saloon, on Monday evening, February lst, 1841,
the following gentlemen were unanimously elected
CONGRESS. Seth Hyatt
Hon. Henry Clay Thomas Allen
Hon. Daniel Webster Charles Gordon
Hon. Win. C0. Rives Wallace Kirkwood
Hon. John Henderson J. A. Blake
Hon. Win. A. Graham John Gadsby
Hon. John Rugglea James F. Haliday
Hon. J. L. Kerr B. 0. Tqyloe
Hon. R. H. Bayard S. P. Franklin
Hon. N. R. Knight J. B. Morgan
Hon. E. D. White Wmin. Easy
Hon. Millard Fillmore Win. B. Magruder
lHon. Daniel Jenifer John H. Goddard
Hon. John C. Clark John T. Towers
Hon. Horace Everett J. 0. P. Digges
Hon. John M. Botts J. L. Henehaw
Hon. Kenneth Rayner Joseph Smoot
Hon. Charles Ogle Ignatius Mudd
Hlion. Joseph F. Randolph Clement Woodward
Hon. Chriiitopher Morgan Caleb Buckingham
Hon. Charles Naylor William Orrne
Hon. Thos. B. King R. Farnham
Hon. John W. Allen Joseph Borrows
Hon. Meredith P. Gentry Donald MeLeod
Hon. J. C. Alford R. C. Washington
Hon. Joseph L. Williams Samuel Bacon
Hon. Willis Green Joseph Bryan
Hon. W. W. Boardman Leonard Harbangh
Hon. R. C. Winthrop R. H. Williamson
Hon. J. B. Thompson Randolph Coyle
SAMYt. Win. E. Howard
Maj. Gen. Macumb Dr. Noble Young
Gen. Towson Jesse Brown
Col. J. G. Totten Walter Lenox
Major Kearney Azariah Fuller
Capt. Symington Dr. A. MeD. Davis
NAVY. Walter M. Clarke
Comn. Warrington Henry Naylor
Comn. Wadsworth E. J. Middleton
Capt. Gedney W. P. Elliot
Lieit. D. Porter Henry Ingle
Dr. Kearney H. W. Queen
MARINE oaRPS. Gee. M. Davis
Major Twigga Win. Henry Winters.
Major Walker Georgetown.
CITIZENS. Robert Ould
WV. W. Season Dr. Sothoron
Peter Force Edward S. Wright.
Joseph Gales, Jr. Alexandria.
J. P. Van Ness Edgar Snowden
Wmin. L. Brent George 0. Dixion
George Watterston Stephen Shiinn.
S earnestly entreated to procure their tickets of admission
at Fisher's, or at Gadsbv's Hotel.
The third assembly will take place at Carusi's Saloon on
Thursday, February 11, 1841.
Strangers not residing for the winter can procure tickets by
application to any of the Managers.
The Ladies are requested to assemble at 8 o'clock.
lIon. Wm. C. Preston Hon. Win. C. Johnson
Gen. Alex. Hunter Hon. G. Kemble
Gen. Gen. Gibson W. W. Seatun
lion. John Bell Col. S. G. Totten
Joseph Gales, Jr. Phil. T. Ellicott
W m. A. Bradley Dr. J. Fred. May
Richard Wallach Ch. Leo Jones
Henry May Licut. J. R. G ,ldsborough
Morris S. Miller Phil. Barton Key
Robert S. Chew R.S. Hill
P. Kemruble Paulding B. F. Carter
J. Mandeville Carlisle John Potts
feb 3-6tif
NATURE.-Messrs. MOORE & WARD lharve the hon-
or to inform the ladies and gentlemen of Washington that they
propose toreinmain at Brown's Hotel for a few days, where they
will be prepared to take Daguerreotype likenesses in a superior
style, which, -..a .I..- reflected forms of thie objects themselves,
far surpass ini.l lo.y ,..f resemblance any thing which can be aso-
complished'v .. i, .,l ..i-j of the artist.
Likeness t ,J.Il..,.j l. -. can be taken by them in any kind
of weather, during the daytime, and sitters are not by this kind
flight subjected to the slightest inconvenience or unpleasant sen-
sations, as ihas often proved the ease in attempts by others to obtain
miniatures by the Daguerreotype.
Persons wishing to perpetuate the true resemblance ef them-
selves or friends have now an opportunity of doing so, at a very
moderate expense, and are respectfully invited to call and exam-
ine for themselves, jan 27-d2wif
IUIROUPEAN AGENCY.-lThe undersigned having re-
U. moved from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Philadelphia, in-
forms the Public and his constituents that he still continues his
agency, and will receive and pay over legacies, hereditary pro-
perty, and annuities in every part of Great Britain and Ireland,
and in the United States and Canada. He will not visit Europe
annually, as hlie has done for the last twenty years, but will, in fu-
ture, transact such business as he is desirous of being engaged in
through his bankers atnd agents in Europe and America.
Every information may be obtained by applying to the subscri-
her, at Gadsby's Hotel, until the 17th instant, or by letters ad-
dressed to JAMES STUART,
feb 10-6t _European Agent, Philadelphia, Pa.
B1OOKS, BOOKS, BOOKS.-We lave justreceived
from the North an invoice of valuable and rare books,
which we shall sell at our Auction store, on Monday evening
next, the lth inst. commencing at 7 o'clock precisely, amongst
which will be found-Bonaparte's Ornithology, 4 folio vole. with
splendid colored plates, Sherwood's Coleridge, Scott's, Joaephus,
Moore, Shelley, Goldsmith, and Johnson's Works, Gallery of Mod-
ern British Artists, 35 fine engravings, 35 vol.. Classical Library,
Angler's Souvenir (a singular book, being all engravednot a type
used,) National Portrait Gallery, 36 pirts, fine engravings,
Shakspeare and other illustrations handsomely baund, with a
variety of other historical, miscellaneous, and biographical works,
worthy the attention of those wishing to add to or complete their
libraries ; also two sets surgical instruments, gentlemen's dress-
ing boxes, &c.
Having received orders from the owners to that effect, we shall
sell on the same evening, positively without limit, Niles's Register,
complete from commencement, North American, Edinburgh, and
Quarterly Reviews ; also, complete file of the National Intelli-
gencer, 25 vols. with several other valuable works, which will be
seen in the catalogues.
Catalogues ready for delivery and books for examination on
Monday morning the 15,h instant, previous to the sale.
Terms cash. E. DYER & CO.
feb lO-eo&d Auctioneers.

SELVES.-S. PARKER, at his Dreasing Rooms, Gads.
by's and Newton's Hotel, has just received-
12 dozen superior Razors, warranted
6 do do Razor Strops
12 do Guerlain's Shaving Cream, genuine
A large assortment of very excellent Sharing Brushes, Hair
Brushes, Combs, &c.
The advertiser promises, if his Razors do not prove good, to re-
fund the money to those who purchase.
The known excellence of Guerlain's Shaving Cream needs no
puffing. rGlobe] jan 22-6tif
Class No. 3.
To be drawn in Baltimore on Thursday, llth February.
1 prize of $12,000.
100 prizes of $1,000 are $100,000.
&c. &c. Ae,
Whole tickets 86-shares In proportion.
For which, apply at the fartun ite .ffice o"
J. PHALEN & CO. Agents,
;Penn. avenue, near 4j street.
Don't forgetthat J. P. & Co. sold the capital priae of S10,000
in this Lottery, class 1. feb 10-2i

To which, with many other new goods not herein enumerated,
we respectfully invite the attention of purchasers.
feb 10-2t [Globea BRADLEY, CATLETT & ESTEP.
TiHE unprecedented luck which we have had in the sale of
S Big Prizes within the last two months is a new era in the
annals of the Lottery World-$1,OO 000-10,000-6,000,
-S,OOO and 3,881j, all sold since December It. We
therefore heartily recommend all buyers, all speculators, to favor
us with their custom, and we submit to their attention the following
100 prizes of $500 are $50,000, &c.
Whole tickets 88-Shares in proportion;
Certificates ofpackages sf22 whole tickets, $80
Do do 22 half do 40
Do do 22 quarter do 20

Draws at Alexandria, Virginia.
$20,000-$5,000-$3,000-$2.000-$1,858 75.
25 prizes of $1,000.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets $60
Do do 25 halves 30
Do do 26 quarters 15
Whole Tickets 5, shares in proportion.
For all of which, apply to or address
feb 10--d. JAS. PHALEN & CO. Manage$,
feb 10-d3tif Pens. Avenue, near 4j etree



The excitement in Wall street is unabated.
Business men are undecided how to act. Ex-
changes on the South and West are worse than
ever; in fact, there are no rates fixed, and many
brokers refuse to draw at all. The market is flood-
ed with uncurrent money, but there are no buyers,
except at exorbitant discounts. All operations
are suspended. No man will invest his money
now, for he knows not what may happen. Own-
ers of real estate soonest feel the effect of this
state of things. During this month houses and
stores are rented for the year, and landlords, in the
prospect of better times, had advanced on last
year's rent. Now most of them would be glad to
get even the old prices.
At the stock exchange the panic was greater
than on Saturday. U. S. Bank fell to 26. Every
description of stock declined. All were sellers
and no buyers. U. S. Bank bills sold at 15 per
cent. discount. Exchange on Baltimore, to a small
amount, sold at 2 to 2J discount. Some of the
stockholders who had sold U. S. Bank stock on
time, when it was at 50 and upwards, were unable
to fulfil their contracts.
WooD, the singer, and his wife, sailed for Li-
verpool in the George Washington this morning.
It is reported that he invested all the proceeds of
his former visits to this country (amounting to
$50,000, it is said) in U. S. Bank stock.
Our two principal theatres, after a rest," open
next Monday.
Recorder MORRIS has been removed. No ap-
pointment has yet been made, but it will be given
Exchange on England has advanced to 109 a
109J. A small amount only went by the packet

Sales This "Day.

GRAPES, BUTTER, &C. ec.-On Wednesday,
the 10th instant, if fair, if not, the next fair day, at 12 o'clock M.
we shall sell at public auction, positively, :hs following articles,
just received from the North:
1 pipe Holland Gin and 4 barrels Peach Brandy
6 half pipes Cognac and Champagne Brandy
5 quarter casks French Madeira Wine, good
3 casks Winter and Fall Lamp Oil
15 barrels Monongahela Whiskey, first proof
5 do do do fourth do
20 boxes Lemons
1 barrel superior Irish Whiskey
3 do Pickled and lot Dried Beef
50 Hams and Shoulders, good
10 barrels Potomac and Nova Scotia Herrings
40 quarter boxes Raisins
30 baskets Champagne Wines, various brands
20 firkins Glades Butter, for bakers
3 dozen Alicant Mats
With many other articles in the Grocery line.
Will be added, by request-
10 bags Coffee
4 kegs James River Tobacco, filst quality
30,000 good Havana Segars
20 quarter and half boxes half Spanish Segars
1 quarter cask superior Malmsey Madeira Wine
3 eighths of Madeira and 3 bales Feathers.
Terms: All sums of and under $26, cash, ever $25, a credit of
4 months, for notes satisfactorily n lor ed.
feb 8-3t E. '. FiFn & CO. Auctioneers.
&c. on %-.-1&.,iy next, at 12 o'clock-
10 bbls. New I.-.. B.,:ki,., at Flour, best quality
8 bbls. Cider Vinegar, superior
6 bbls. Sugar.
feb 9-2t E. DYER & CO., Auctioneers.
AUCT[ION.-On Wednesday next, tie 1oth instanh at
4 o'clock P. M. we shall sell, in front of the premis, the eaEt
halfof Lot No. 2, in square No. 618, frin;nr suoth 85 feet on
north G street, immediately west of bhI new. Jail, by 200i feet
deep, to a 50 foot alley.
The above Let .. i ,. and. vnrr deenrol ly located, and
will positively be .i 1. to ilhe hwiaih.t oldere r for cash.
feb 8-3t E. 4)1 ER & CO. Anuctioneers.
ILE t0F IRI GOOHIii, .iTLERY- *, HARt*,,
S WARE, &o.-On W.;.ntdmv and Saturday evenings
next, at half past 6 o'clock, we shall F'ell, at the store in Elliot's
Buildings, Pennsylvania avenue, a variety of dry good., consist-
ing of, in part, as follows:
Cloihs, cassimeres, and vestings, of various colors and style
Calicos and muslins, pockli. t a,,.I i.le citlery
G.'Fnbn ai:ver ware, grid and atil-'r ahlchn.s and jewelry
Acordians, single and dounlil ca r, i .ans,
Together with many other i.r,.I. in i,- dry govda and hard-
ware line, the whole to be sold without reserve for cash.
feb 10O-WF&Sa E. DYER & CO. Auctioneers.
OARDING.-A large, airy, and pleasant chamber, neat-
L ly and conveniently furnished, suitable for a gentleman and
lady; also, a pleasant and convenient chamber for a single gen-
tleman, may be had, with good board, in the house on E street,
fourth door west from the Globe Office. The family consists of
three adult persons, and the terms, t;iler f r iraniten i or I erra-
nent boarders, will be such as eannct fi I .. be arcceFtable.
feb 10- eos3t
QHERMAN'S WORM LOZENGES are the greatest
t0 discovery ever made, for dispelling the various kinds of
worms that so frequently and distressingly annoy both children
and adults. They are an infallible remedy, and so pleasant to the
taste ;h i l, Mir,,, .i take them asreadilyasa common pepper-
mint! ,ii.'-. IMit, diseases arise from worms without its being
susp( eted. Sometimes a very troublesome cough,pains in the joints
or limbs, bleeding at the nose, &e. are occasioned by worms, and
will bie easily cured by using this celebrated medicine.
Only read what they have done.-I have used Sherman's
Worm Lozenges in 73 cases 'ith surprising success, and cured
15 of spasms and 4 of fits, by a few doses. They never fail, and
I sincerely recommend them to all as the safest and best.
We have used Sherman's Worm Lozenges in our families, and
never knew them to fail ; we can recommend them from ex-
perience. J. Bleeoker, Waverley Place.
B. F. Goodstlpeed, 130 6th Avenue.
J. B. Iiint, 657 Greenwich street.
J. B. Nones, 46 Chatham street.
Dr. Hope, 191 Ann street.
Hon. B. B. Beardsley.
1,100 additional names might be given of their wonderful vir-
tues. Ask for Sleiman's Worm Lozenges, and avoid all spuri-
ous imitations, as you value your health.
For sale by CHARLES STOTT,
feb 10-eo2w Corner 7th street and Penn. avenue.
HUGH SMITH & Co. Alexandria, have on band and offer
for sale, en favorable terms, a full and complete assortment of
China, Glass, and Earthenware, purchased for them by their
agents in England from thie best manufactories, and of late im-
portations. Purchasers are invited to call and examine ware and
Dinner sets-While, Blue, &c. &oc.
Tea Sets-Plain and Gilt
Glass Ware-Cnt and Plain
Best Plated Castors
Britannia Tea Sets-Best English.
feb 8-dlmif
ICH GOODS.-This day opened--
20 pieces Chine Silks, light grounds
10 Tarentules, a new and rich article for dreses
6 plain blue black Poult do Sole
5 figured do do
10 new style French Chinties
260 British and domestic Prints
60 heavy Irish Linens, warranted pure
24 dozen Light Kid Gloves, colors well assorted
16 pieces extp fine Cloths, black and colored
25 dresses light ground Moussolines, very handsome
Plain bordered and hemstitciled Linen Handkerchiefs
English cotton, spun silk, and silk Hosiery
French worked collars. ,.ltijn sal 'rimmed
8 4 and 10-4 Damask T ,br,- [, -P,prr

W EBETER'S OCTAVO DICTIONARY.-Recom- AHAIR.-Not infrequently have we had reason tocommend
nitndoi,,ns to public notice the talents and skill of M. Augusta Grandjean, ef
Fro n ilcers of Yale and Midadleburg Colleges.-" The No. 1, Barclay street. His treatise on thie Hair is a production
merits of lD.. Wertiir's American Dictionary of the English lan- both learned and eloqut ; it shows that he has studied deeply,
guage are very extensively acknowledged. We regard it as a and that he has full ability satisfactorily to make known the result
great improvement on all the works which have preceded it : the of his investigations. It is an old adage, "the proof of the Fud-
definitions have a character of discrimination, copiousness, per- ding is in the eating;" on this principle, the best mode of testing
spicuity, and accuracy not found, we believe, in any other diction- the truth of M. Grandjean's theories is to make trial of the pre-
anryof theL E hli I.h language." paration which he so ably recommends. Experiment, it can be
Frc" i Dr. ,,isc and other ofliers of the Wesleyan Ueiver- averred, has already, in many instances, proved the virtues of the
sity, .llddLeton, Conn.--" We h,.e seen and examined your Compositions to which we refer, and we feel confident that all
American Dictionary, and we think it unrivalled by any work of future experiment will butserve to establish their great reputation.
the kind in the Euglish language." The preparation known as "Grandjean's Composition" has
From(Entglishpapers)t/eCambridgenndpend tnPress.- been so long a favorite, that it is almost useless to praise it; but
"When this work is as well known in Britain as it is in America, the "Eau Lustrale" is a recent invention, and demands that faith-
it will supersede every other book of the kind in the same de- ful notice to which its merits aspire. It cleanses, and at the same
apartment of letters. Its excellence is obvious and indisputable." time beautifies the hair, giving it a rich curl and an exquisite gloss.
Promr the London Examiner.-" The veteran Webster's One of its chief properties (and this will recommend it especially
work is new to this country ; but, as far as we can judge, it seems to the ladies) is, that it keeps the hair safely in whatever style it
to justify the highly favorable character it has long maintained in may be dressed, resisting both motion and moisture. Thus much
America, and our view is corroborated by that ef a learned friend have we thought proper to say, but if we were to gs on writing for
and critic, who does not hesitate to say that it is the best and most a month, we could not present such convincing arguments in favor
useful dictionary of the English language he has ever seen." of the Compositions as the use of them would speedily furnish.-
Many mote testimonials might be added from highly distin- Evening Signal, N. Y.
guished men and institutions in England and America. The above Composition is constantly kept for sale at Stationers'
The work may be had of the booksellers in most of the prinoi- Hall, by W. FISCHER,
pal towns and cities in the United States, and is published by dec 9 Sole agent for the District.
dec 28-2aw3m 29 Liberty street, New York. JM. containing the articles, chiefly historical, which have most

a new and valuable preparation for coughs, &c. The follow-
ing testimonials from the Press are submitted as the best evidence
of its merits:
COLDS, COUaHS, &c.-The whole community seem to be afflict-
ed with severe colds and distressing coughs, which is natural
enough at this season of the year. We ourselves labored for a
few days with a bad cold, but, happening to be passing that way,
we called in at 79, Fulton street, and purchased some Compound
Boneset Candy, prepared by William Brown, of Boston. This
candy, by using it for several consecutive days, entirely removed
our cold, and thoroughly renovated our system. It is composed of
a great variety of vegetable materials, many of which are used
separately for the cure of colds. This invaluable candy is for sale
by A. B. & D. Sands, Nos. 79 and 100, Fulton street. Call and
try it for yourselves.-New York Planet.

WMe. Baow's COMPoucND BO-.SET CANDv.-This truly val-
uable medicated candy, manufactured by William Brown, of Bos-
ton, Mass., is now for sale in this city. It is composed of a large
number of vegetable materials, all of which are excellent of them-
selves, for the cure of coughs and cold,. It is, when used in the
incipient stages of all pulmosnary complaints, a complete specific.
Whooping cough, by its use, is rendered quite mild, and not as
troublesome as an ordinary cold with it. Having, for ourselves,
tasted its beneficial properties, we can speak advisedlyon the sub-
ject.-N. Y. Morning Signal.

BoNBSsT CADnv.-We had our sweet toothindulged yesterday
with a taste of some of Win. Biown's superior Boneset Candy.
It is medicated with a number of ingredients, all useful in cases
of colds, caught, spitting of blood, and all pulmonary complaints,
sore throi, and cleansing the voice. Some of our Representa-
tives who are in the habit of making long speeches, will do well
to provide themselves with a paper of it. Mr. Brown has the best
assortment of candy of any place in this city at his store, corner of
Washington and Elliot streets.-Boston Herald.

Bo EsET CAsDTv.-This article has great fame for the cure of
colds, cogns, soienessf lithr.,i., chest, &ce. It is manufactured
by Won. Bruwn, druggist, 4 1. Washington street, who makes it
on the whoal-.al, principle, h, fi n.- ,L hard work to reserve enough
for himself to supply his retail customers. He is famous, also, for
his extensive assortment of candies and comfits, double and treble
refined sugar, &c., manufactured by the celebrated Stuarts at their
steam-mill in New York. The variety and excellence of their
boa bons is curious.-Boston Eventing Transcript.
For sale at TODDS' Drug Store. dec 18

A MERICAN MELODIES-Containing a selection from
the productions of two hundred writers, compiled by George
Morris, with illustrations designed and engraved by L. P. Clover,
Jr. Just published and for sale by R. FARNHAM, between 9th
and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue. nov 2
T IHtE BOSTON TOKiEN and Atlantic Souenlir,
.. a Christmas and New Year's Present for 1841, edited by
S. G. Goodrich, just received, and for sale by
sept 1I Penn. Av. between 9th and 10th sts.
"HARLiES O'MALLEY, the Irish Dragoon, by Harry
S Lorrequer, with illustrations, by Phiz, the first number is
luast published; also, Humphrey's Clock No. 9. IThis day re-
ceived and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
sept 25 4 djors west of Brown's Hotel, Penn. Avenue.
OPY BOOKS, plain, very superior, and much better than
is usually offered for sale, maybe bad at the lowest prices
at thenta St.nery store of R. FARNHAM,
oct 7 between 9th and 10th streets, Penn avenue.
ERMONS preached In Trinity Church, Upper Chel-
S sea, by the Rev. Henry Blunt, A. M. first American, fiom
the fourth London edition, is just published and for sale by
oct 26 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
I1'HE POCKET LACON-Comprising nearly one theno-
J sand extracts, from the best authors, selected by John Tay-
lMr, in 2 vol. Also, the Lacon, or Many Things in Few Words,
ad.Jr.-sed to those who think, by the Rev. C. C. Colton, A. M.
complete in 1 vol. revised edition with an index, is for sale by
oct Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.

Home's Introduction, new and handsome edition, 1840, very
handsomely bound. Pidce $5.
Border's Pious Women, new and enlarged edition,octavo, full
bound, and complete, for 81 25.
Butterworth's Concordance, octavo, full bound; $81 50.
Sturm's Reflections, complete in one vol. octavo, full bound; $125.
Watson's Body of Divinity, octavo, 776 pages; 3l 75.
Bickersteth's Harmony of the Gospels; 50 cents; one volume
of 420 pages, bonnd.
Hawkes's History of the Protestant Episcopal Chnurch in Mary-
land, I octavo volume, $1 75; and many others, at the same low
average of price. sept 2
supply of theae popular Lozenges may hereafter at all
seasons be found at
nov 3 TODD'S Drug Store.
B tUJ& BOOK.-The Blue Bock, or Official Register of
all Officers and Agents, Civil, Military, and Naval, in the
service of the United States, with the name, force, and condition
ot all ships and vessels belonging to the United States, and when
and where built; together with the names and compensation ofall
printers in any way employed by Congress, or any Department or
officer of Government. For sale wholesale or retail by
dec 10-2tw3w Penn. Av. 3 doors east of City Post Office.
politan or Catholic Almanac, or Laity's Directory, for the
year of our Lord 1841, just published, and for sale at the book-
store of R. FARNHAM,
dec 14 between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. av.
B LACK JAPAN VARNISH-Forinrn railing, grates,
coach work, and iron work generally, for sale at
n v 20 TODD'S Drug Store.
SCHER, Imponter and Dealer in Stationery, Prepared Parch-
menal, Drawing Materials, Rodgers & Son's Cutlery, Perfumery
anr. FPan.- Articles, has just received, by the ship Toronto, 24
dozen Quart Jugs Superior Black Ink, direct from the celebrated
manufacturers, Messrs. Cooper & Phillips, (late Charles Terry,
formerly Walkden, Darby, & Terry) of London. Also, a quan-
tin', offl,- .irginl W,,Ikden British Ink Powder, constantly for
sil-2 -n the hesi trnii ai Stationers' Hall. dec 9
RETT'S LATIN LEXICON, in one volume octa-
vo, is just published and this day received for sale by
"The unprecedented favor with which Leverett's Latin Lexi-
con has been received in all parts of the country, has induced the
publishers to extend its advantages te those who in many instances
are precluded from the use of it by its size and cost."
"This abridgment is adapted expressly to those of the classics
which are usually read in a College course; and it is confidently
offered to the Public as a work presenting to the beginner all the
advantages of the larger one, and at the same time sparing him
much time and labor in the execution of his task."

SCHOOL BUOKS.-A large and general assortment of
School Books of the latest and most approved editions is
just received and for sale low by
sept 29 Penn. av. 3 doors east of the City Post Office.
FT HE FFLAG-SHIP, or a Voyage Around the WorlJ in
Sthe United States Frigate Columbia, attended by her con-
sort the Sloop-of-war John Adams, and bearing the broad pennant
of Comn. George C. Read, by Fitch W. Taylor, Chaplain to the
Squadron, in 2 vols.
Also, Around the World, a Narrative of a Voyage in the East
India Squadron under Com. Gee. C. Read, by an Officer of the
U.S. Navy, in 2 vols. are just published and for sale by
dec 28 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
OUTHGATE'S TRAVELS through Armenia, Kurdis-
tan, Persia, and Mesopotamia, with an Introdaction, and Oc-
Ocasional Observations upon the Condition of Mohammedanism and
Christianity in those countries; by the Rev. Horatio Southgate;
in 2 vols. this day received and for sale by W. M. MORRISON,
4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. sept 30
JUST PUBLISHED and for sale by W. M. MORRI-
SON, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel, POCAHONTAS," a
Ln,gen.]. wilh historical and traditionary notes, by Mrs. M. M.
Wc tb., cr. sept25
U111iMOCRACY IN AMERICA, Part secorld ; tie
U Social Influence of Democracy by Alexis de Tocqueville ;
also, Memoirs of the Court of England dr;nr i the reign of
the Stuarts, including the Protectorate, -.. J.t.ri H. Jesse,
In 4 vols., are for sale by W, M. MORRISON, 4 doors west of
Brown's Hotel. dec 7
SENTS, in great variety, for sale by F. TAYLOR, many
of them just unpacked, comprising the best works for Youth of
Miss Edgworth, Mrs. Hofland, Miss Leslie, Peter Parley, Mary
Howitt, and many others. Juvenile Souvenirs, Drawing Books,
Albums, Portfolios, colored Toy Books, gold and silver Pencil
Cases, ladies and gentlemen's Penknives, illustrated Books of
Travels, richly bound and embellished editions of the most es-
teemed authors in poetry and prose, Pocket Books, Card Cases,
la.liia an.] ci7entlimenn's Wrinimg Desks, Bibles, Prayer Books,
An'nula, &.:. &.i. at ,inuiuuily low prices, dec 18
NEGROES WANTED.-Cssh anjidthe higheLs market,
pri:esa will be paid f.ar any nonmber of likely y.iung ntgroec
jffbath seB,i fsmhliesanod mr'h.rn,. .inclu.Jed I All -amornnmnrics-
lns oadJJresased tome at theold eablshme ofA rmflield, Prank-
l.n & Co., west and of Dukeatraet,Alezandris, D. C., will wmee,
with prompt alseniion.
j uly 26i-2awepalawdptf GEORGE KRPHART.

attracted attention of those originally appearing in the Edinburg
Review since 1825, being the productions ofT. Babington Macau-
lay, Secretary at War and Member of Parliament for Edinburg-
productions which have been universally admired, both in Eng-
land and America, during the last fifteen years, for their vivid
eloquence, extensive learning, and splendor of illustration,
handsomely printed, an additional supply this day received for
sale by F. TAYLOR.
This novel hand useful invention ensures an instantaneous
supply of Clear Filtered Ink, in the cup of the filter, which can
be returned into the inkstand at any moment, where it is secured
from injury, and not affected by the atmosphere. The ink, thus
protected, never thickens or moulds, and remains good Ior any
length of time, in any climate. The process of filtration causes
the coloring matter to be held in suspension; hence the trouble
and inconvenience occasioned by unsuitable ink, generally found
in ordinary inkstands, are completely obviated by the use of the
Filter Inkstand. One of moderate size will contain sufficient ink
for six or twelve months' writing.
A further supply, of various sizes,Just imported, and will be sold
at reduced prices by R. FARNHAM, between 9th and 10th
streets, Pennsylvania avenue. oct 5
rf t Ua.ruati.xAal 'I'.-k KAstft A. D 1KINb, um tue city
Sof Washington, having resigned tihe appointment held by
him for several years in the Treasury and War Departments, has
undertaken the agency of claims before Congress, and other
branches of-the Government, including commissioners under
treaties, and the various public offices; also, the procuring of
patents for public lands, prosecuting claims for services in the
Revolution, and for Navy pensions, and generally such other
business as may require the aid of an agent at Washington" He
will likewise attend to the prosecution of bounty land claims
upon the State of Virginia, and the recovery of lands in Ohio
which have been sold for txes.
Persons having, or supposing themselves to have claims, on
transmitting a statement of the facts,will be advised of the proper
course of proceeding. His charge will be moderate, depending
upon the amount of the claim and the extent of the service.
He is also agent for the American Life Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in,
and for the Baltimore Pire Insurance Company.
Mr. F. A. DicxaNs is known to most of those who have been
in Congress within the last few years, or who have occupiedany
public situation it Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania avenue, between Fuller's Hotel
and Fifteenth street.
nl All letters must be post paid. sept 12-lyd

N EW BOOKS for the holydays.-WM. M. MORRI-
SON, four doors west of Brown's Hotel, has a large assort-
ment of Books suitable for the holidays, among which are just re-
ceived beautiful editions of the Book of Common Prayer, rubri-
cated editions, &c.; Rural Life in England, by Win. Howitt;
Visits to Remarkable Places, Old Halls, Battle Fields, and Scenes
illustrative of striking passages in English History and Poetry,
by Win. .Howitt; The Dream, and other Poems, by the Hon. Mrs.
Norton. dec 25
CAHONTAS, painted by order of Congress for the ro-
tundo ot the Capitol, by J. G. Chapman, with an engraved key
and historical sketch, together with extracts from contemporary
writers relating to the subject of the picture.
Published and for sale by R. FARNHAM,
dec 7 Penn. avenue, between 9th and loih streets.

E CONOMICAL laIBRARY.-The cheapest collection
of choice literature ever published in any country. The
price of each volume, of about 200 pages, is 18f cents. They
are handsomely printed, and the type clear and legible, and the
work such as every family should possess. The twofirst volumes
consist of Moral Tales, by celebrated authors of all countries.
The second series consists of Tales of Humor, also by celebrated
writers. The above are now published. The other volumes will
consist of Tales of Terror, Tales of Superstition, Tales of Pas-
sion, Tales from History, &c. Various other works will be ad-
ded. The cash system will be adopted ; and if the experiment
is patronized by the Public, about one volume a fortnight will ap-
pear. These will be sold single or in sets. For sale at the Book-
store of R. FARNHAM,
oct 28 Between 9th andl 10th sts., Penn. av.
N EW BOOKS.-The Heart's-Ease, or a Remedy against
all Troubles, with a Consolatory Discourse, particularly di
reacted to those who have lost their friends and dear relations, by
Simon Patrick, D.D. The Dew of Israel and the Lily of God,
or a Glimpse of the Kingdom of Grace, by Dr. F. W. Krnmma
cher, author of Elijah the Tishbite, Elisha, &e. Also,The Recog-
nition of Friends in Another World, by the Rev. Benjamin Dorr,
D. D Rector 3f Christ Church, Philadelphia, third edition, are for
sale by W. M. MORRISON,
nlec 16 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.

1841, containing also a diary, ruled pages for prospec-
tive memoranda, (one for each day in the year,) an almanac, va-
rious useful tables, &c. &c. combining, also, all the utility of a
pocket-book. Just received for sale by
An additional supply of the valuable Boston American Almanac
for 1841 just received, ian 6
l O DOLLARs KEWARD.-Ur. Storm's Spe-
1 Lx clfic Compound, for the cure of Gonorr, la, Gleets,
Strictures, Diabetes or difficulty in making water, and all other un-
natural discharges from the urethra uof eithersex.-Iln no ease has
this medicine been known to fail to effect a permanent cure, and,
to,,, in the shortest possible time. Should this medicine fail to ef-
fect a cure where it has been taken according to directions, re-
turn the empty vial and get back the money. Why then spend
both time and money with such quack nostrums as cannot he de-
pended upon, when, for $1, you can purchase a pleasant, sure,
and speedy cure, composed solely of vegetable substance '1 One
hundred dollars will be paid to any one who will produce a medi-
cine to equal this compound, or who will prove that it contains any
mineral suhstance whatever.
PFor sale by H. WADE, 7th street, between D and E; CHAS.
STOTT, corner of 7th and the avenue; and by ROBERT PAT-
E RSON ; in Georgetown by J. L. KIDWELL.
1'an 8-3tawly
tI HE FAIRY GEM-A choice collection of Fairy Tales,
illustrated by nearly two hundred engravings, by designs
from the most celebrated French artists, just received, and for
sale at the Bookstore of R. FARNHAM,
an I Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
F BOOKS.-The subscriber having lately received frcm
the North a very large supply of School Books, and all that are
used in the District, and havingselected those thatare well bound,
and the best editions, those who wish to purchase will find it to their
interest to examine them. School Books will be sold at reduced
prices, and a liberal discount made to those who purchase by the
Also, Blank Books and Stationery of every kind, of the best
quality in the market, and will be sold at the lowest prices.
J UDGE UPSHUR'S Brief Inpniry into the true nature
and character of our Federal Government, being a review
of Judge Story's Commentaries on thea Constitution of the United
States, is just published, and for sale by W. M. MORRISON, 4
doors west of Brown's Hotel. dec 9

SThe subscriber has just imported from the manufacturer
2,000 cards of the Patent Perryian Pens, which will be sold
wholesale at the agent's prices in New York. Also, 3,000 cards
of Gillott's and other Steel Pens, which will be sold as above.
Those who are desirous of getting genuine pens will please ex-
amine the above, which will be found the most extensive assort-
ment in the United States.
STATIONERY, warranted the best, both foreign and domes-
tic, will be sold as low as at any establishment in the country.
dee 7 Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
B ULWER'S NEW PLAY-' Money."-The New
World Newspaper of Saturday last contains, with much
oilither matter, the whole of Bulwer's New Drama of "Money 1"
thus giving to its subscribers for less than 6 cents what would
cost them in any other form 50 cents, with the further advantage
of getting it by mail at newspaper postage to every part of the
country. The New World reprints for its subscribers, for three
dollars per annum, an amount of new books, magazines, &c.
which would cost in any other form sixty or seventy dollars.
Those wishing to subscribe for 1841 will please make early
application to
jan 6, F. TAYLOR.
IN many of then, just opened.-Colored Toy Books, several
hundred varieties; all the newly published works for youth of all
ages, by Peter Parley, Mary Howitt, Miss Leslie,and other esteem
ed writers; Juvenile Souvenirs, Annuals, Albums, Portfolios,
Drawing Books, French Books, London editions in rich bindings of
the most esteemed poetical and prose writers ; Bibles and Prayer
Books of every size, in elegant bindings; gold and silver pencil
cases, ladies' and gentlemen's writing desks ; ladies' and gentle-
men's penknives; books of engravings; illustrated editions of po-
pular authors; Pocketbooks, Card-cases, Chess, Backgammon,
&c. &c. all at the lowest prices, dec 30
L5 particularly adapted to the classics usually studied prepara-
tory to a collegiate course, by Francis Gardner, A. M. Instructor
in the Public Latin School in Boston, is just published, and for
sale by W. M. MORRISON,
dec 23 PFour doors west nf Brown's Hotel.
N EW i11-Ul I" FOR T11E GLIITAH.-J.,'i r.-.,,-d
at the old established store, two doors east of the City Post
Office, the following new music for the guitar t
They have given thee to another; The evening gun ; When
the day with rosy light; Child of the West I Kate Kearney, as
sung by Miss Shirreff; Away, away, tothe mountain's brow; The
Ingle side; A life on the ocean's wave ; Love is a trifler; The
lose I gave at morn to thee ; La Cachucha; La Cracovienne;
Bunch offlowers, walte. W, FISCHEB.

TEN,(late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
Rent residence, will undertake, with his accustomed zeal and dil-
igence, the saettlment of claims generally; and more particularly
claims before Congress, against the United States, or the several
Departments thereof, and before any Board of Commissionersthat
may be raised for the adjustment of spoliation or other claims.
He has now in charge the entire class arising out of French spo-
liations prior to the year 1800; with reference to which, in addition
to a mass of documents and proofs in his possession, be has ac-
cess to those in the archives of the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &a. bomuntylands,
return duties, &c. tc. and those requiring life insurance, can
have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid,)
and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and inconvenient
personal attendance.
Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he isa prepared
to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents or
other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of an
agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy and
prompt attention shall he extended to all business confided to his
care; and that, to enable him to render his services and facilities
more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the formsof
Office on F street, near tht new Treasury Building.
feb 26-
BOOKS FOR THE YOUNG--Well adapted for
Birthday and Holyday Presents, 1841.-The
attention of booksellers, country merchants, parents, and teachers,
is respectfully invited to the following collection of choice Books
for young people ; published by James P. Giffing, successor toS.
Colman, 56 Gold street, New York.
The publisher has the pleasure to announce that these volumes
have been carefully examined by many of the mostjudicious and
well-informed persons in this country, and have received their
full approbation, as books admirably adapted to inculcate pure
morals and correct and useful information.
I. BOY'S COUNTRY BOOK, by Win. Howitt.
If. PARLEY'S UNIVERSAL HISTORY, on the basis ofGe-
ography and Chronology.
Peter Parley.
V. GIRL'S OWN BOOK, by Mrs. Child.
VII. AUTHENTIC ANECDOTES of General Washington.
X. PLANTS AND BIRDS, or Conversations between Mary
and her Mother.
XII. ROSE AND HER LAMB, with other Tales.
XIII. PARLEY'S RAMBLES in England, Ireland, Scotland,
XIV. EMILY AND CHARLES, or the Art of Letter Writing.
XV. A M3THER'S LIBRARY' for Little Folks, original and
XVIII. PETER PARLEY'S Family and School Library, four
XIX. PETER PARLEY'S FAREWELL, comprisingthe evi-
.lences of natural and revealed religion.
XX. THE CHILD'S GEM, edited by a Lady.
XXI. THE CHILD'S GEM, by a Lady, new series.
XXll. PRAISE AND BLAME, an old work in a new dress.
Also, among the Gifts for 1841 is
THE BOSTON TOKEN, edited by S. G. Goodrich.
Also, a new edition of the POETS OF AMERICA, edited by
John Ictase.
All the other Gift Books for 1841, together with the above'
supplied on the best terms by R. FARNHAM,
Wholesale and retail Bookseller,
Between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. Av. Washington.

Charles county Court, August term, 1840.
O RDERED by the Court, that the creditors of Alexander
0Cox, a petitioner for the benefit of the insolvent laws of Ma-
ryland, be and appear before the judges cf Charles county court
on the third Monday of March next, and show cause, if any they
have, why the said Alexander Cox shall not have the benefit of
the laws aforesaid; provided a copy of this order be inserted in
some newspaper published in the District of Columbia, once a
week for two months before the said third Monday in March next.
jan 5-law2m Clerk ofCharles county court.
ENT'S COMMENTARIES, reduced to Ques-
tlonts and Answers, by Judge Kinne, second edition,
enlarged and improved; the whole complete in I volume ; recom-
mended by Chancellor Kent.
Also, Blackstone's Commentaries, reduced to Questions and
Answers, by the same writer, second edition, also complete in one
Just published and this day received for sale by

jan 13


L ORD BACON'S WORKS, Cheap.-A beautiful Lon-
don edition in two large volumes of nearly 900 pages each,
with engraved portrait, introductory essays, &c., is just imported
by F. TAYLOR directly from London. A few copies only forsale,
at the low price of ten dollars, jan 13
No. 5.-Mortimer's Commercial Dictionary; Ogden's American
Tariff for 1841 and 1842; Eisdell's Industry of Nations, 2 vols.
London, 1840; Macpherson's Annals of Commerce, 4 vols. quarto,
London; Jeremy Bentham's Rationale of Judicial Evidence, 5
vols. London; Bentham on Legislation, 2 vols.; H. C. Carey on
the Rate of Wages, and on the Condition of the Laboring Classes
throughout the World; H. C. Carey on the Production and Distri-
bution of Wealth; Carey on the Credit System of France, Great
Britain, and the United States; Carey on Currency, its unsteadi-
ness, the remedy, &c.; Carey on Population, and the causes which
retard improvement in the Political Condition of Man; Vethake's
Political Economy; Vethake's edition ofMcCulloch's Commercial
Dictionary; Gouge's History of Paper Money and Banking in the
United States; Gouge's Inquiry into the Expediency of dispensing
with Bank Agency and Bank Paper in the Fiscal Concerns of the
United States; Greenhow's Memoirs, Historical and Political, on
the Northwest Coast of North America and the adjacent Territo-
ries; Tanner's Internal Improvements of the United States, with
many maps, tables, and engravings; Lord Brougham's Historical
Sketches of the Statesmen of the times of George the Third and
Fourth ; the Blue Book and United States Official Register for
18401, and manyother valuable works, English and American, on
all the various branches of Political Science, of which the list will
be continued. For sale by F. TAYLOR.
*5* Books, Stationery, and 'Periodicals imported to order from
London and Paris. jan 13
ROUND THE WORLD ; a Narrative of a Voyagein
the Eitst India Squadron, under Commodore George C.
Read; by an Officer in the United States Navy, in 2 vols.
Just published and for sale at the Stationery store of R. FARN-
HAM, between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania Avenue.
tory observations on the Faerie Q.'ieene, and notes, by the
editor, first American edition, 5 vols.; also, the Works of Edmund
Burke, in 9 vols. Are forsale by

jqn 4

W. Mtt UO ISttaUN,
4 doors west of Brown's Hotel;

PXEDIA, cheap, for sale by F. TAYLOR, (a few copies
only,) good editions, in neat binding, at $t per volume, usual
price being $2. jan 18
with numerous modifications and additions.
Diseases of the Organs of Respiration, being a continuation
of theLibrary of Practical Medicine, edited by Alexander Twee.
die, M. ).
The above just published and for sale by
jan 18 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
P AUL PRESTON'S Voyages, Travels, and Re-
markable Advenitures, as related by himself, with en-
gravings, just received and for sale atthe Bookstore of
jan 1 between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
AINT MILLS.-Wilson's PatentPaint Mills, with which
a boy can grind 200 pounds of white lead a day. For sole at
dec 25-6t TODD'S Drug Store.
In Charles County Court, sitting as a Court of Equity,
I November Term, 1840.
Joseph Harris, Executior of Gwinn Harris,
Samuel Latimer and others. Heirs of Walter Latimer.
RDERED, That the sale made and reported by Peter W.
0 Crain, trustee for the sale of the real estate of WalterLa.
timer, deceased, be ratified and confirmed, unless cause to the
contrary be shown on or before the third Mondayof March next:
Provided, A copy of this order be published in some newspaper
in the District of Columbia once a week for three successive
The report states the amount of sales to be three thousand two
hundred and fifty dollars, current money.

True copy. Test
jan 23-law3w

Clerk of Charles County Court.

In Charles County Court, sItuing as a Court of Equity,
November Term, 1840.
Rachael Adams and others,
Joseph M. Adams and others.
O RDERED, That the sale made and reported by Peter W.
Crain, trustee for the sale of the real estate of Gustavus
A. Adams, deceased, be ratified and confirmed, unless cause to
the contrary be shown on or before the third Monday in March
next; Prppided, A copy ofthis order be published in some news-
paper in the tnran,,L of Columbia once a week for three succes-.
sive weeks.
The report states the amount of sales to he two thousand eight
hundred and twenty five dollars, current money.
True copy. Test: JOHN BARNES,
jan 23-law3w Clerk of Charles County Court.
In Charles County Court, sitting as a Court of Equity,
November Term, 1840.
John G. Chapman and others,
Jane Edelen and others, Heirs of Alexius Edelen.
ORDERED, That the sale made and reported by Peter W.
Crain and Walter Mitchell, trustees for the sale of the real
estate of Alexius Edelen, deceased, be ratified and confirmed, un-
less cause to the contrary be shown onor before the third Mon-
day of March next: Provided, That a copyof this order be pub-
lished in some newspaper In the District of Columrbia once a
week for three successive weeks.
The repmit states the amount of sales to be fifteen hundred and
ninety-five dollars, current money.
True copy. Test: JOHN BARNES,
jan 23-law3w Clerk of Charles County Court.
HE AMERICAN ALMANAC for 1841, or the
Repository of Useful Knewledge, is for sale by W. M. MOR-
RISON, 4 doors west of Btown's Hotl d"e 14

NSURES LIVES forone ormoreyears, orforlife.

Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
Age. One year. Seven year. Forlife.
25 1.00 1.12 2.04
30 1.31 1.36 2.36
35 1.36 1.53 2.75
40 1.69 1.83 8.20
48 1.91 !.96 3.73
s0 1.96 2.09 4.60
As 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 4.35 4.91 7.00
Rates for One Hundred Dollaras.
60 years ofage, 10.55 per cent.
65 do. 12.27 do. ) perannum.
70 do. 14.19 do.
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of child,the Com-
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years ofage, $469
At six months, 408
One year, 875
The Company also executes trusts; receives moneyon deposit,
paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and makes
all kinds of contracts in which life or the interest of money is in-
volved. WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.

James H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginal;
H. Baldwin, Richmond, Va.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
A. S. Tidball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg, Vs. mar 1-ly
Americans jIte linsurnuae assd T'rust utompafly.
Orincie-No. 136 Baltimore street, Baltimore; and Wall
street, New York.
AGENcvY-Pennsylvania Avenue, between Puller's Hotel and
he Treasury Department, Washington city.
CAPITAL PAID IN $2,000,000.
PATRICK MACAULAY, President, Baltimore.
JOHN DUER, Vice President, New York.
31ONEY received daily on deposit, on which interest will be
allowed, payable semi-annually. The Company also In-
sures lives, grants annuities, sells endowments, and executes
Of the rates ofinsuranceof$loO on a single life.
Ago. year. years. For life. Age. 1 year. 7 years. Forlife.
14 72 86 1 63 38 1 48 1 70 3 05
1i 77 88 156 39 1 657 1 76 3 11
16 84 90 162 40 1 69 1 83 3 20
17 86 91 165 41 1 78 1 88 3 31
18 89 92 169 42 1 8 1 89 3 40
19 90 94 173 43 189 1 92 3 51
20 91 95 177 44 190 1 94 8 63
21 92 97 182 45 191 1 96 3 73
22 94 99 1 88 46 192 1 98 3 87
23 97 1 03 1 93 47 193 1 99 4 01
24 99 1 07 1 98 48 1 94 2 02 4 17
26 1 00 1 12 2 04 49 1 95 2 04 4 49
26 1 07 117 2 11 50 1 96 2 09 4 60
27 1 12 123 2 17 51 1 97 2 20 4 75
28 1 20 128 2 24 62 2 02 2 37 4 90
29 1 26 135 2 31 53 2 1,0 2 59 6 24
80 1 31 136 2 36 54 2 18 2 89 5 49
31 1 32 142 2 43 55 2 32 3 21 5 78
32 1 33 146 2 50 66 2 47 3 56 6 05
33 1 34 1 48 2 57 b7 2 70 4 20 6 27
34 1 35 1 50 2 64 68 3 14 4 31 6 50
35 1 36 1 53 2 76 59 3 67 4 63 6 75
36 1 39 1 57 2 81 60 4 35 4 91 7 00
37 1 43 1 63 2 90
Applications, post paid, may be addressed to PATRICK
MACAULAY, Esq., President, Baltimore; or MORRIS ROB-
INSON, Esq., Vice President, New York; to which immediate
attention will be paid.
Applications mayalso be made personally, or byletter,post
paid, to FRANCIS A. DICKINS, Esq. Agent for the Company in
the City of WASHINGToN. His office is on Pennsylvania Ave-
uue, between Fuller's Hotel and 15th street, ap 23-dIly

ARE a certain cure for every curable disease'; because
they not only thoroughly cleanse the stomach and bowels,
and PURIFY THE BLOOD, but they also induce a proper dis-
charge by the Lungs, Skin, and Kidneys; in other words, they
open all the natural drains, and thus NATURE, the GRAND
PHYSICIAN, is left free to combat and conquer disease.
It should also be borne in mind that the above-named Indian
Vegetable Pills are so natural to the human CONSTITUTION
that not the slightest dread of pain or sickness need be appre-
hended from their use, even by the most delicate; at the same
time, if they be used in such a mariner as to operate freely by the
bowels, and persevered with for a short time, it will be ABSO-
CONTINUE long in the body.
In all disordered motions of the Blood, called Intermit-ten .
mittent, Nervous, Inflammatory, and Putrid
The Indian Vegetable Pills will be found a certain remedy,
because they cleanse the Stomach and Bowels of all bilious mat-
ter,and purify the Blood ; consequently, as they remove the cause
ofevery kind of disease, they are absolutelycertain to cure every
kind of Fever.
So, also, when morbid humors are deposited upon the membrane
and muscle, causing those pains, inflammations, and swellings,
The Indian Vegetable Pills may be relied on as always certain
to give relief, and, if persevered with, will most assuredly, and
without fail, make a perfect cure of the above painful maladies.
From three to six of said Indian Vegetable Pills, taken every
night on going to bed, will, in a short time, completely rid the
body of all morbid and corrupt humors; and Rheumatism, Gout,
and pain of every description, will disappear as if by magic.
For the same reason, '.l.< n, fr.-.ir, -., Idta, cn ,d s. fri iiT,.-)p ,i, re,
or any other cause, the :..r-r,-inri,.-.n IP cns tcrL ,d, aun i'tinn1t n I''-.' a
which should pass off vil,. Lk.n auri" ,iCi r, r , .io,, -nag
headache, nausea, and sickness, pains in the bones, watery and
inflamed eyes, sore throat, hoarseness, coughs, consumption, rheu-
matic pains in various parts of the body, and many other symp-
toms of
The Indian Vegetable Pills will invariably give immediate re-
lief. Three or four Pills, taken at night on going to bed, and re-
peated a few times, will remove all the above unpleasant symp.
toms, and restore the body to even sounder health than it was be-
fore. The same may be said of Difficulty of Breathing, or
The Indian Vegetable Pills will loosen and carry off by the sto-
mach and bowels those tough phlegmy humors which step up the
air-cells of the lungs, and are the cause of the above dreadful com-
It should also be remembered that the Indian Vegetable Pills
are certain to remove pain in the side, oppression, nausea, and
sickness, loss of appetite, costiveness, a yellow tinge of the skin
and eyes, and every other symptom of
Because they purge from the body those corrupt and stagnant
h'amors which, when deposited upon the Liver, are the cause ot
the above dangerous complaint. They are also a certain pre-
ventive of
Because they carry off those humors which, obstructing the
circulation, are the cause of a rush or determination of blood
to the head, giddiness, especially on turning suddenly round,
blindness, drowsiness, loss of memory, inflammation of the brain,
insanity, and every other disorder of the mind.
Those who labor within doors should remember that they fre-
quently breathe an atmosphere which is wholly unfit for the pro-
per expansion of the Lungs, and, atthe same time, owing to want
of exercise, the bowels are not sufficiently evacuated, the blood
becomes impure, and headache, indigestion, palpitation of the
lieart,and many other disagreeable symptoms, are sure to follow,
Being a cleanser of the Stomach and Bowels, and a DIRECT
PURIFIER of the Blood, are certain not only to remove pain oi
distress of every kind from the body, but, if used occasionally,so
as tokeep the body free from those humors which are the CAUSE
of EVERY MALADY UNDER HEAVEN, they will most as.
suredly promote such a just and equal circulation of the Blood,
that those who lead a sedentary life will be enabled to enjoy sound
Agent for Washington City-ROBERT FARNHAM, Book-
seller, Pennsylvania Avenue.
Baltimore-WM. G. COOK, 3 North Gay street.
APERIENT fr dyspepsia or indigestion, nervous de-
bility, giddiness, headacb, acidity of the stomach, habitual cos-
tiveness, cutaneous diseases, gout, gravel, e&o. and much valued
as a gentle cooling purgative.
This desirable preparation has received the patronage of many
eminent members of the profession, and from a discerning public
many respectable and unsolicited testimonials of its efficacy as a
medicine have been elicited. With all the pleasing qualities of
a glass of soda water, it possesses the active medicinal properties
of the most approved salinous purgatives; is pleasantto the pa.
late, and grateful to the stomach.
We are not in the habit of making out certificates of com-
mendation for unlicensed quackeries, but we do know of a nos-
trum, approved too by the Faculty, that cannot be recommended
too highly 0o the attention of every family during the present
warm weather. It is denominated Butler's Effervescent Mag-
nesian Aperient,' and its medicinal properties a,.o anhnnatuf-1
adapted to the alleviation and removal of the nuacr.:..,s b..sliy
complaints incidental to the summer season. We doubt whether
the whole Pharmnacopeia offers a more innocent and effective re-
medy, or a more pleasant and palatable preventive. Having
seen its virtues tested in cases of severe headache and threatened
cholera morbus, we can conscientiously testify concerning its uti-
lity."--d. New York Even. .[our.
For sale at TODD'SDrug Store, Washington.

B LANK BOOKS.-The subscriber keeps constantly on
hand a complete assortment of Blank and Memorandum
Books, comprising all the various sizes, ruled to a variety of pat-
terns, and manufactured of superior paper, in neat and durable
bindings. Books of any size will be manufactured to order, in as
neat and durable style as the latest improvements in binding will
admit. Just received, a large lot of Blank Books, which will be
sold much lower than the usual price.
Writing, wrapping, and copying Papers and Stationery, in
great variety, ef both foreign and domestic manufacture, for sale
at the lowest prices. R. FARNHAM,
oct 2 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. Avenue.
C HARTISM, by Thomas Carlyle.--"It never smokes
but there is Aro."-Qld Proverb. Just published, and this
day received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also, Carlyleus Life of Schiller, with an examination and ex-
tracts of his works, 1 vol.; Goethe's novel of Wilhelm Meister,
translated by Carlyle; Carlyle's French Revolution, a history, in
3 volumes.
f** Will he received in a day or two "Miscellanies," in 4
volumes, and "Sartor Riartus," in 1 volume, by the same an-
lhor. poySr 9o

II DV. I. COVERT'S BALM OF LIPE.-Thls IPr AX SAL.2-On Satrdtay, the 7th day of Pebruary,
Celebrated article, which, for the last two years, has proved .A 1841, I will proceed to sell, at public suction, et the office
itself so valuable a remedy foi Coughs, Colds, Consumption, Bron- of the Clerk of the Corporation of Georgosn, all 'he fullow,ng
chitis, Asthma, Whooping-cough. and all diseases of the lungs eand lots and parts of lots, the same lying within the limits of said
windpipe, may now be had of druggists and merchants in most of town, and will be sold to satisfy said Corperation for the taxes due
the towns in the Northern and Eastern States. to it thereon, together with thie legal expenses incident te adver-
Hoadley, Phelps, & Co. Wholesale Druggists, 142 Water St. rising and selling them.
New York, have been appointed general agents, and are prepared Sale to commence at 11 o'clock A. M. The terms are cash.
to supply venders on the proprietor's best terms. Price $1 per --- --
bottle. A liberal discount made to venders.
From the Boseaten Medical Journal of Aug. 28, 1840. .
Thie following is an extract from an article in that paper on Number and Description of Lots and part a a Tax.
i Morbus Laryngeus Concionatorum," or Bronchitis, by Frank of Lots. S
H. Hamilton, M. D. Professor of Materia Medica and General Pa- L
thology in Geneva Medical College: e n
"The Raev. I. Covert's Mixture, also now used so extensively ^
for this affection by clergymen, belongs to the same class of etim- -- -
ulating expectorants, being one of those lucky combinations of James Claggett's heirs: North part of
medicinal agents which, while it promotes expectoration, does not No. 17, old Georgetown, the same front-
impair the tone of the stomach. Of this medicine we feel at lib- ing 66 feet on the north side of Pros-
arty to speak, since its composition is not held from the profession, pact street - $700 1840 $3 57
and we hope the proprietors will soon see fit to give it to the Pub- Lots Nos. 28 and 29, Peter, Beatty, Threl-
lie. We venture to recommend it, therefore, having employed it keld, and Deakin's addition - 150 761
in our own ease, and in the cases of many others, with decided Mary Sands: Lot No. 23, Beatty and
benefit." Hawkins's addition 800 1840 4 08
From the Auburn Conference and Family Recorder qof Sep- Thomas G. Waters : Part of Lot No.
r a o member 4, 1839. 117, Threlkeld's addition, 30 feet on
Covert's Balm of Life bids fair to rank among the first of spa- Third street - 100 1840 51
cifics for most cases ef pulmonary disease. Prom having tested Ditto same Lot 100 1839 7
its salutary tendency, and more'especially from the knowledge Alexander Hanson's heirs: Lot 264,
that it has won the confidence and received the recommendations Peatty and Hawkins's addition - 200 1839 1 02
of many highly respectable medical gentlemen, some of whom Ditto same Lot-valued for assessment ef
are well known as the ornaments of their profession, we have no 1835 400 1839 3 00
hesitation in speaking well of it. We have reason to believe Elizabeth Weems: Part of Lots Nos. 5,
that it is employed in the practice of some of the most scientific 6, 7, and 8, Holmead's addition front-
ar.d judicious of the physicians of this place. The Rev. Mr. Co- ing 50 feet on the sooth side of Bridge
vert, the inventor and proprietor of this valuable medicine, is a street by 120 feet deep - 400 1840 2 04
respectable local minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Charles Carroll's heirs: Lots 215, 216,
thisplace." 217, 218, Basil's addition 800 1840 4 08
The nature of the composition of the Rev. I. Covert's Balm of Jacob Carter, jr. : Part of Lots Nos. 163
Life having been fully explained to the following medical gentle- and 164, Beatty and Hawkins's addi-
nimen, they have consented that they may be referred to as author- tion 1- -0 1840 77
ity for its utility as an expectorant in those chronic cases of pul- Same parts of Lots - 10 1839 12
monary diseases in which that class of remedies is indicated : Basiland Ignatius Waters: So uth part
D. M. Reese, M. D. Professor of the Theory and Practice of of Lot 221 and all of Lot 222, Beatty
Medicine in the Albany Medical College. and Hawkins's addition, 129 feet on
J. M'Nanghton, M. D. Professor of Anatomy and Physiology in Sixth street 250 1840 1 28
the Fairfield Medical College. Same Lots, assessment of 1835 400 1839 3 00
Mark Stevenson, M.D. New York city. Thomas B. Williams: Northeast part
Dr. M. M. Knight. of Lot No. 39, old Georgetown, front-
J. Mitchell, M. D. Philadelphia. ing on Duck lane 65 feet 450 1840 2 291
This certifies that, having examined the Rev. I. Covert's Balm i G. o'-.', ,ir,'.J, heirs: Lot No. 207
of Life in all its component parts, we do believe it to Be one of the II. .11 1 a t.0.. 60 feet on West street
best compounds for coughs, consumption, chronic inflammations, and 120 on Green street, for assessment
&-. of which we have any knowledge, and do most cordially re- of 1840 450 1840 2 291
commend its use to all afflicted with the above-named disease: Lot No. 208 350 1840 1 781
Gordon Needham, M. 1). Onondaga; J. W. Daniels, M.D. and
W. J. Lovejoy, M. D. Salina; E. Lawrence, M.D. Baldwinsville.
The following, from the Rev. L. Halsey, D. D. Professor of Ec- WILLIAM JEWELL
clesiastical History, &c. in the Auburn TheologicalSeminary, lis Collector of the Corporation of Georgetown.
just been received: Collector's Office, Georgetown, November 21, 1840.
"AAUBuRN TtHEOLOGUCAL SEMINAR, MARCH 9,1840. nov 24-lawl2w
"Rev. I. COVxRT.-MMY DEAn SIR : In reference toyourrmed- i~ RH. G. PHELPS'. COMPOUND TOMATO
icine, I deem it my duty to state that 1 had for a long time been af- p PILLS, the vegetable remedy for diseases arising from
fiicteS with a chronic bronchitis and its usual accompaniments, Imlurities of the Blood, Dyspepsia, Scrofula, andall Chronic Dis-
and was induced to try your preparation, on the assurance from eases ; also a substitute for caloinel as acathlartic in feversand all
medical men that it contained no hazardous ingredients. The re- bilious affections.
suit has been the allaying febrile irritations and the gradual resto- Tiese pills are no longer, if they ever were, among those of
ration of healthy functions to the throat, so that 1 am enabled to doubtful utility. They have passed away from those that are daily
return to the labors of the desk. I think the medicine entitled launched upon the tide of experiment, and now stand before the
to the attention of all persons similarly afflicted. Public as high in reputation, anid extensively employedin all parts
"Yours truly, LUTHER HALSEY." ofthe United States, the Canadas, and Texas, asoany medicine ever
Thefollowing.nainedindividualshavealsogiventheirtestimony prepared for the relief of suffering man. They have been ex
in favor of the medicine, whose certificates, together with many tensively prescribed by the Medical Faculty wherever they hay
others, may be seen by application to any ef the agents: been introduced ; and there are but few towns that cannot produce
Rev. Isaac Stone, Lysander, N. Y.; Dr. Joseph T. Pitney, Dr. some remarkable cases of their curative effects. The number,.
E. Humphreys, N. Weaver, M I). Auburn, N. Y ; Rev. T. Stow, certificates which have been presented to the proprietor from pro-
Elhridge, N. Y; J. 0. Shinman, M D, Fayetteville; C. D. Town- fessional men and others evince, in an extraordinary manner, the
send, M 1), Albany i A.H. Newcomb, M D, Salina; Dr. Avery extensive applicability of this remedy indiseasesegenerally. Pro.
J. Skilton, Troy; Rev. I. Hopkins, Auburn, N. Y; Rev. D. fessional men, and those of sedentary habits, loudly applaud their
Moore, Aurelius, N. Y ; Rev. H. Bannister, Caaenovia, N. Y, Ihygiene properties in obviating those evils incident to their ocu-
Win. Morris, M D, Utica, N. Y; R. Glover, M D, N. Y. City; nation, and the want of exercise.
John Wilson, M D, Albany; R. Kirby, M I), N. Y. City; A. They are in general use as a family medicine, and there are
Streeter, M D, and L. Streeter, M 1), Troy, N.Y ; Dr. T. S. Bar- thousands of families who declare they are never satisfied unless
ret, N. Y; Francis J. Oliver, Esq. Boston. they have a supply always on hand. They have no rival injuring
This medicine may be had of most of the Druggists in the Dis- bilious diseases, dyspepsia, liver complaints, iek-beeddach, jaun-
trict of Columbia, and generally throughout the country, where dice, rheumatism, heartburn, acid stomach, palpitation, loss of ap.
the circulars in reference to it may be had gratis, petite, costiveness, &o.
nov 27-eo4mo Those persons liable to sore throat, swelling, of the ,.an.

official report of its merits is founded upon twenty years'
experience by Dr. Coming, Inspector of Army Hospitals, commu-
nicated to the discoverer, Sir James Murray;
The Solution of Magnesia is found particularly beneficial as a
pleasing sedative and aperient, in all cases of lrritaltin or Acid-
ityof the Stomach, particularly during pregnancy, febrile com-
plainets, infantile disorders, or sea-siokness.
An ounce or two ofthe Solution speedily removes heartburn,
acid eructations, sourness, or irregular digestions of females and
In the Arm iy and Navy, it has been found to compose the stom-
ach in a few minutes, after any excess or hard drinking.
"The Solution is of itself an agreeable aperient, but its laxative
properties can be much augmented by taking with it, or directly
after it, a lii.- emI',io jui, c mixed with sugar and water, or even
Cream ofT ,rar I .;i, n ina manner a very agreeable eferivescent
draught can be safely taken at any time during fever or thirst.
"The antiseptic qualities of this Solution, owing te the presence
of so much carbonic acid, have been found very valuable in putrid
and other fevers. As a lotion for the month, it sweetens the breath,
and the Magnesia clears the teeth from tartar.
For preventing the evolution or deposition of Uric Acid, in
gout or gravel, the efficacy of the dissolved Magnesia was long
since aethenctcgted by Dro. M'Docnpell and Richardson, and Sir
James Murray.
The Solution has almost invariably succeeded in removing
the fits, spasms, headaches, and gastri. coughs to which deli-
cate persons are subject from acids and cruoities ol the stomach
and bowels."

Extract from the Mtedico-Chirvurgical Review for April, 1829,
edited by Dr. 3AMes JOHNso0, Physician-extraordinary to the late
King,&c. &c. :
Pellucid Solution of Magnesia.-This very useful and ele-
gant preparation we have been trying for some months, as an Ape-
rient ant-acid in dyspeptic complaints, attended with acidity and
constipation, and with very great benefit. It has the advantage
over common Magnesia in being dissolved, and therefore not liable
to accumulate in the bowels. It is decidedly superior to Soda or
Potash, on account of its aperient quality, and of its having no ten-
dency to reduction of flesh and strength, which the two carbonates
above mentioned certainly tend to, when long continued and taken
in considerable quantities. We hope Sir James Murray, the dis-
coverer of the process for preparing this medicine, will take the
trouble to make it more generally accessible to the public in this
metropolis, there being only one or twoauthorized agents here."

Sir HUMPHREY DAVY testified that this Solution forms soluble
combinations with uricacid salts in cases ofgout and gravel,there-
by counteracting their injurious tendency when other alkalies and
even Magnesia itself had failed. For sale at
aug 31-- TOD)D'S Drug store.
I. ICINE, now in course of publication, edited by Alex-
anderTweedie, may be procured at the Beokstore ofF. TAY-
LOR. Vol. 1 contains Dissertations on Fevers, Inflammotion
Cutaneous Diseases, &c. by Doctors Symonds, Allison, Christi-
son, Schedel, Lacock, Gregory, Burrows, and Shnpter. Vol. 2
contains Dissertations on Nervous Diseases, by Doctors Hope,
Prichard, Bennet, Tayloir, Thomson, and Tweedie, edited by W.
W. Gerhard, M. D. of Philadelphia. The other volume will be
for sale as soon as published, by
nov 27 F. TAYLOR.
as illustrated in proposals for uniting an examination into
the resources of the United States with the census to be taken in
1840, by Archibald Russell. Also, an Historical Account of Mas-
sachusetts Currency, by Joseph B. Felt. Are for sale by W. M.
MORRISON, 4doorswest of Brown's Hotel. dec 14
RICAN POETSI, 1 volume, price 80 cents, just publish-
ed and this day received by P. TAYLOR. Also, IHalleck's Se-
lections from the British Poets, 2 volume, price $1. General
Armstrong's Notices of the Late War, 2 vols. Around the World,
bsing a Narrative of the Voyage of the East India Squadron under
Commodore Read, 2 vols. Chris ian Ballads, 1 vol. Ensenore,
a Poem, 1 vol. jan 1
in two volumes octavo, price for the set $5, in calf binding.
An additional supplyy this day re-eived for sale by F. TA YLOR,
of the Course of Legal Study, addressed to students and the pro-
fession generally, by David Hoffman ; second edition, re-written
*,st n~i lh slarged. .: ian 1
"N AVY REGISTER of tise commissioned andi-. r....nie
4- oficersof the Navy of these United States, including officers
of the Marine Corps, for i841, printed by order of the Secretary
of the Navy, in compliance with a resolution of tie Senate of the
UnitedStates of December 13, 1815, is just published and for sale
jan 8 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
HE U RE N UNC IATION, a romance, by Miss Burney,
STravels to the City of the Caliphs, by Lieut. Welsted;
Visits to Remarkable Places-old halls, battle-fields, and scenes
illustrative ef striking passages in English history and poetry, by
Win. Howitt, 2 vols.; The Rural Life of England, by Win. How-
itt; also, a new s-ipply of Quodlibet.
Just received by F. TAYLOR,
dec 2 Immediately east of Gadsby's.
with numerous illustrations, by Phiz. A further supply is
justreceived, and forsale by W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors west
of Brown's Hotel. nov 30

N EW NOVELS.-The Renunciation, a romance of pri-
vate life, by Miss Burney, in 2 volumes; Travels to the
(l.,u of the Caliphs, along the shores of the Persian Gulf and
tine Mediterranean, including a voyage to the coast of Arabia and
a tour on the island of Socotra, by J. R. Welsted, Esq. F. R.S.
F. R. A. S. &c. &e. author of Travels in Arabia, in 2 volumes;
are just published and for sale by

dec 28

4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.

in a book-like form newspapers, pamphlets, letters, music,
or any papers which should be kept in regular order, manufactur-
ed by Win. Mann. Patent secured. For sale wholesale and re-
tail at the bookstore of R. PARNHAM,
dec 14 between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. av
KN EW BOOKS.-Letiers of Mrs. Adams, wife of John
Adams, with aMemoirJ y hb'' rr,,ndior, Charles Francis
Adams, 2 vols. Third vol. of Hancr.nli' H.s,,or> of the United
States, an addii nil .it'.ppl. Arinaslrung's N..i'cfi of the Warof
1812, 2 vole. An nliiu..ninl supply of Qutodlibet. Monstrelet's
Chronicles of the Civil Wars between the Houses of Orleans
and Burgundy, beginning at the point where Frcie-asrt inihpp, 2
octave vols. London, 1840. The Dramatic Wiorks .of W5 chi rlhy,
Congreve, Vanbrugh, and Farquhar, complete in 1 large octavo
vol. edited by Leigh Hunt, London, 1840. Howitt's Rural Life
in England. Howitt's Visits to remarkable places. Report of
the Trial of the D'Hauteville Cases. Chaitam, by Carlyle,

S -.... -.-- ,, aL,,u wci m sweling of the glands,
coughs, and other symptoms indicating scrofula, or consumption,
should take warning in season, and embrace a remedy which,
while it is searching out and eradicating disease, makes no deduc-
tions from the vital powers of the system.
Recommendations from physicians in every variety of climate
in the United States, Texas, and the Canadas, bear witness to the
peculiar and potent effects of this medicine; in fact, they are pre-
scribed by physicians generally in preference to any other cathar-
tic and alternative medicine; and, having acquired an unprecedent-
6d celebrity eas n ANTI-', SPEPI'lf and ANTI-BILIOUS
REMEDY-and this reputation being fully sustained by Ihe high
character of its testimonials, and the increasing deman. lfor the
medicine-it is only necessary for the Proprietor to continue the
caution, that the Public may not mistake other medicines which
are introduced as tomato preparations for the true COMPOUND
*** Inquire for PHELPS'S TOMATO PILLS, and be particu-
lar to observe that the label is signed G. R. PhELP',a M. D. Price
371 cents.
G. R. PHELPS, M. D. Proprietor, Hartford, Connecticut.
1,For sale by most of the Duggists in the District of Colum-
bia, and by Merchants generally throughout the country.
nov 30-eo4m
!HARIEL S O'MALLEY, Nos. II and 12; also, third
vvl. of Ten Thousand a Year, are just received and for
sale by W.M. MOhRISON,
nov 2 4 doors west nf Brnwn's HIIetl.
TJALCOM'S TRAVELS in Southeastern Asia, enm-
bracieg Hindostan, Malaya, Siam, and China, with notices
of numerous missionary stations, and a full account of the Bar-
man empire, with dissertations, tables, &c. by Howard Malcem,
second edition. Just received and for sale by
oct 28 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
C HINESE DICTIONARY.-A single copy, in 2 vote.
with English, French, Latin, and Chinese vocabularies,
drdl Ws. inid other useful appendices, is just received for sale
by F. IAI LOR, published at Serampoor, under the .ainr..,.siv of
the British Government. dirc 4
T HHE STATESMAN, by Joh Holmes, of Maine,
or, Principlesi of Legislation and Law, 1 volume octavo, is
jnust published and this day received far sale by
nov 8 FP. TAYLOR.
N EW MUSIC.-Just received, -h. foll.ewing pierei l new
Music, atthe old-established store two.d..irs east .--.f tie C.ty
Post Office. W. FISCHER.
Evening melodies, Nos. 1 to 9: When twilight is stealing, a
duet; The music of thy song; When voices breathe a music
sweet; Ask not from me, a duet; Smile on; The voice of the
oast; 0, touch the harp; ThIe ..jor t,. r.i-,h ; th. lt,,d afuprin ;
Metaoom's grand march, by A. J. ahdw; Rpecollectni of Boffd-
lo, Quick-step, byJohnson; Grand i.r..noB.] ir.r.:hl.y Peiscmh;
American Quick-step; Bonapari, cr....ini ithe Alps; I.fandcr
crossing the Hellespont. sept 9
S UYoung-The Children's Fireside Book, tranu.lavj from th a
French of Berquin, author of the Children's FPriend, wit, maiy
engravings; The Children's Companion, with engravings, by
same author; The Juvenile Forget-me-not, a Christmas and
birthday souvenir for 1841 ; The Fairy Gift, a collection of new
fairy tales, with two hundred engravings; Friendship's Offeir.ig,
a new souvenir for 1841, beautifully illustrated and richly bound;
and many others of the same character.
Just received and for sale at the lowest prices by
oct 14 F. TAYLOR
ARLEY'S MAGAZINE FOR 154 O, boil nd.-Aln.,
A the quarterly and single numbers, just received, and for sale
at the Bookstore of R. PARNHAM,
jan 1 between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. avenue.
EW BOOK-Q.UODLIBET.-C.mrainin s,,ue ai-
N nals thereof, with an authentic accourt olf the ..r.gin and
growth of the borough, and the sayings and doings of sundry of
b. .I .h.i, -.t.T rI, -.r.i r '. J un sketches of the most remark-
:.I le ur-.i .iuiie.. l. ,I l _n,- ,r of that place and its vicinity,
edited by Solomon .: .:. t,..,gtie, ,C,,.. I|.,I. r, s inbid dahY. .b.
listed aund for sale I WV. MI1 MORRISON
sept 25, e d.-e si. et ,.f Br,.a's H'.tel.
ROOK2.'S U NI% E Li.AL(; AZI. -''EEHriiap,
last edition, (1840,) large octavo, 830 closely i.rrn.i.. [.agr,
with 200 engravings, r.I-nr'iiip also a Commercit.1 PD.,u-i.iar,
with much other useful and valuable matter not usually contained
in works of thl;. ..:, l..,lnd..mhl I priutnl,, 'ne large volume, in
i'n.l I..j L.r iJ[,i'-.". o arle by F. TA Y LOR, at $2 75, publ.-hi-
ed a, i. ;r
W. HFISCHERl has just opened a vern lares qon.rttiy cf a-
tra superfine red, black, and fancy colole.i Sealing Was ad
Wafers. Also, 20,000 superior Quills, which he has recently*
imported direct from the manufacturer. sept 4
./few copies of the complete year of this well-known and
valuable literary newspaper are for sale by P. TA Y LOR.
Price I 50, handsomely bound. sept28
lgtiit PI(TLUitE 0F 'l THE BAPTI*3IM OF P4I-
SC.%lAHONTANr pain.rd by ,rd:r .:.f C..ngnots fur te to-
iiiunrdo,'. Ilth CAtl,,r, sihn aOn Ilno,] ieal Skei.:h, and es'nacts from
(urnsr-r..ry writers, relating to the subject of lth. piciure, by J.
G. i'.riman, 'Va '.., gion.
For sale at the bookstore ofR. FARNHAM, between 9th sad
10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue. nr.v 30
SETTER PAF-'l.-\\. FISCHIER hoas jutiit rei:,.d
L- from the celebrtedt manufacturers, Jessup & Brothers,
100 reams blue wove hand-mn.: l..iir rtrarer, m pl-i in liree s;des,
a most excellent article, for sole at Slti oners' H.ll, awhre ihe
v,.ry L.,:, wrii;ng I i, r.i, 'ithor ofEr.glilhi or American masfeac-
lir.-, ar. .,n- ,art hei-pm f,.r 'le. on- 1 M

MITH's (.tOIPARATIl i ftIlSTO1', be.neg the
Contemporary History of Ihe Nations of Antiqiuv, wni Otb-
I, n.r*,n,,. ni Ctironol.gical Eros, tby Joasliua TEulmin Smith, ao-
il.r.. ,,iiL,'a Progrred of Phil.o ,ipiy among the Ancients; I
.,.I. Pnri.:e 62 cr.un. J.,sti r.ce;ved f.r sale by
nov 11 ________ P. TAYLOR.
.U Lonmdnin editions r.fthlie filloti itg Authors are just
rn.-is and f.r sale by, F. TA'ILOR Cowue,'s Porms, Young's
Niiht Thoiuhins, Bac. n'. E;say3, G.'.lldsmnh.', Ein'y., Goldmnili'
Poaiine, Th.'nn....n'a es-ea-ns, Gra)'a Popemsp, Lady .'.f the Lake,
Marmnien, Campbell's Poeirime, Lami,'s Rremnund Gray, Las.b's
Adventures of Ulysses, Beattie's Mi4,-irel, Gemin frnin Americran
Poets, Gregory's I.egacy. Rasselas, S.:oii's Ballads, Ciapone's
Letters, Wur'snwk's Spsre MIn ult, Hemne, Lewis's Tales of
Wonder, Charles Lamb's Tlm.s ftrim Shakapesre, Elizabeth,
Walton's Angler, Burno., .orcre, Ossian, Wordsw..rih, Coleridge,
Milton, Rogers, Sterne, Spenser, Souihey. Crnli'a British Poets.
Also, very superior editions ofShakipesre, Byron, Gibbon,
Hirne, Smolleit, Robertson, Bacon, Burke, Ben Jonson, Claren-
don, Burnett, Godwin, and other standard authors, handsomely
bound; all for sale at unusually low price. decl 2

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