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WASHINGTON: TUESDAY, MARCH
18 1 NO.,T.
INTRIUlES OF FOREIGNERS WITHIN AND
AGAINST THE UNITED STATES.
The partial encouragement which certain foreign
vi-iitcr, to our shores have lately met with, in some
part of the country, in their attempts to seduce the
P.-.phi. :of the United States into affording them aid
and countenance in their ill-digested and desperate
schemes for revolutionizing different countries of
Etirp...pe, have doubtless stimulated the organization
of a dce'iLn, of foreign origin, the object of which is
to take out of the hands of the constituted authori-
fti. -..f the United States the control of the foreign.
relatriin, of this Government with all the Govern-
ments of Europe, for the avowed purposes of over-
throwing all those Governments.
TLi) announcement may startle such of our read-
ers as have not watched, as closely as we have, the
"signs of the times." But it is no less true than
startling; and it demands all the more attention
fri,, tlh fa.'t of this organization being the natural
<:' -,t'.juen'e of the teachings and the preachings of
( ri ti u. li,. journalists, politicians, and enthusiasts,
t operating upon persons of weak minds, of mere vi-
sionaries, and persons of foreign birth, uninformed
and not studious of the institutions under which
they have come- to live. The "missions" of M.
Kossuth and Dr. Kinkel are undoubtedly the leaven
which has excited this fermentation among the con-
tinental 'European immigrants to this country, and
that portion of the native populatioV North and
West of the Susquehannah which is subject to ex-
citements from light causes, and are liable to be in-
fluenced by every fresh one, as light substances are
attracted by electric bodies.
Our object to-day, however, is not to make a dis-
sertation on the subject, but to place before our read-
ers the evidence of the fact which we have an-
nounced. We subjoin it entire, as it appeared in
the Philadelphia Ledger of Friday, the 27th ultimo.
The character and objects of this Revolutionary
League for Europe," with its "auxiliary associa-
tions and military corps in every city and county of the
Union, its "Executive Board," and its "Congress,"
which is to hold its first session at New York on
M.nII-, the 17th of May, are so intelligibly and
fairly condensed by the Ledger in. its editorial re-
ference to it, that we shall adopt it; inviting to this
recapitulation the attention of casual readers who
may not have time to -tin ti,- whole programme
of these Revolutionists:
It will be seen by the articles of this organiza-
tion (says the Ledger) that the design of the
4League is to overthrow monarchy and establish
'republican democracy throughout Europe. For
'the accomplishment of this purpose the first ob-
'ject is co-operation of the democratic elements, and
their fusion into one great party, lofcting only to
'radical revolution in Europe as their aim. IHere-
Stofore the democratic elements have been disunit-
'ed through national antipathies, and warring against
each other. They are now to be united for the
destruction of the common enemy, until which
'time the contest for tithe spoils,' which usually
begins with the first revolutionary effort, is to be
postponed. The means to accomplish this object
is to have agitation in Europe as well as America,
accumulation of a revolutionary fund, and the for-
mation of armed organizations in this country,
ready for the struggle when it comes. Military
companies are to be formed in every city and coun-
ty in the Union, and auxiliary associations who
'pay weekly contributions to the fund. The whole
'supervision of affairs is to be under the control of
'a congress of all the associations, and, during its
'recess, by an executive board. A political com-
(mittee of three persons, elected by this congress,
has unrestricted powers to act in concert with other
nationalities, to take the steps necessary to accom-
plish European revolution. This, in brief, is the
*organization and object of this association; and
the question arises how far they are consistent with
the duties which American citizens owe to their
'own laws, and the treaties entered into by the
'United States with the nations of Europe. It is
a great scheme of intervention in the affairs of
foreign nations, if not by the Government, at least
'by the People of the United States. If the orga-
nmzation succeeds to the extent of its wishes, how
'long would the Government of the United States
Sbe able to keep from meddling with foreign quarrels?"
REPORTEDD FOR TrE PUTBL c LEDGER.]
Constitution of the Ameriean Revolutionary League
for Europe, adopted at the Revolutionary Congress held at
Philadelphia from January 29th to February 1st, 1852.
ADDRESS TO TIHE AMERICAN PEOPLE.
FELLow-CiTIZENS : The Congress of the "American Re-
volutionary League-for Europe" herewith submit the re-
sult of their deliberations to the judgment of the people,
all parties of which were represented in that body.
Earnestly resolved to find the means of terminating the
desperate ( .lt,.r of the liberty-thirsting people of Eu-
rope, firmly convinced that the first great step to the at-
tainment of this goal is thie cordial co-operation of all who
seek it, it was for us to explore the middle ground upon
which all parties could honorably and cheerfully unaite
p their forces.
Tihe Revolutionary Democracy will not fail to detect that
the objects of the League, as stated in the second article
of the constitution, were adopted ins view of the difficul-
ties arising from the distinction between the ideas of
union and platform. We hold that to have solved the pro-
blem at the expense of the just claims of any section of
the party, thus confounding union with subjection, would
have been to entirely misconceive our duty. We hold the
strife of party, of opinion, of mind, as beneficial, neces-
sary, and eternal. Freedom of mind is the first source of
political aspirations, tire most legitimate method of their
pursuit, and the last goal of their attainment. It is the
principal sphere of a revolution to protect the free contest
of mind from the disturbing intervention of material
forces. The points specified in that article are, therefore,
not to be looked upon as a treaty of peace, but as the
terms of a cessation of hostilities, under which we leave
p ur separate capmps to form a solid phalanx for thie de-
struction of the common foe. When the common foe shall
be crushed, not in appearance alone but in reality, then
the allied victors may contend for the spoils; although
we entertain the confident expectation that the second
struggle will be of a character vastly different from the
The conscious determination to achieve a.revolution
thorough and complete was the warrant for our actions;
and of you, sovereign people, we ask the ratification of
this warrant in the readiness with which you shall erect
uoon the foundation we have laid the superstruction of an
extensive, yea, a universal, fusion of all revolutionary
Let us, then, be up and doing! Our cause is noble, is
sacred. The barriers that cramp the growth of active,
Intelligent, and high-souled nations are to be stricken
down; mankind to be restored to its humanity. Let the
motto for the strife be, Union in the American Revolution-
PPHILADELPHIA, FEBRUARY A, 1852,
N. SCHMIITT, President.
P" WAOGER, of Boston, V presents
J, R. I F P S.. ,.f Balti4more, JVe f e ens
C '"--i'. of Pbl.iiaelrbt.
c. King. of Lilidelleph.a,i Secretaries.
Lewis Meyer, of Boston,
Willimann, of Baltimore; A. Fuller, of Bridesburg ;
J. Fickler, Gregg, of London; C. Hollinger, of New-
ark, N. J. ; E. F. Loewenthal, New York; H. Tiedmann,
W. Rosenthal, A. H. Rosentheim, J. Eckhard, G. Leiden-
sticker, J. Dotter, A. Pohleg, G. Kerrlein, C. F. Elwert,
Neffien, Louis Schwartzewaelder, of Philadelphia; C.
Moes, of Philadelphia, for Lancaster; Gloss, of Richmond,
Va. ; S. Buchsweiler, of Brooklyn; C. A. Knoderer, of
Reading; the Revolutionary Association of Easton, Pa.,
by thie officers of the Congress.
Of the Ameriean Revolutionary League of I, -.'
The A.n-r;. D. -W... r.ri ..h *ir..,, ..furthering the cause of
the EmUI..I.. i-, ..i.. ., .1.. h.:r,. adopt the following or-
ART. I.-Name of the Oqaonization.
The name of the c. r.;"-iG..i shall be "The American Re-
volutionary League .1- L-,r. '
ART. II.- qfthe Leagcque.
The object of the League shall be the radical liberalization
of the European continent, for which are required-
1. The overthrow of monarchy andthe establishment of she
Republic, because in the Republic alone can all the horrors of
tyranny be prevented.
2. Direct and universal suffrage, and the recall of repre-
sentatives by the majority of their constituents; because this
alone secures the supremacy of the- popular will in the work-
ings of popular institutions.
3. The abolition of standing armies, and inviolability of the
right of the people to bear arms ; because the last resource of
forcible resistance is the only protection against the last device
of forcible usurpation.
4. The union for these ends of all persons, associations,
parties, and nations, for the annihilation of oppression ; because
without such concerted efforts the organized power of the
tyrants is invincible.
Sec. 1. Agitation as well in Europe as in America.
Sec. 2. Accumulation of a revolutionary fund.
Sec. 3. Formation, of armed organizations desirous of enter-
ing personally into the struggle, and of preparing for it by
ART. IV.-hIternal Organization.
Sec. i1. Formation of auxiliary associations and military
corps in every city and county of the Union.where materials
are found. Every revolutionary association is at liberty to
prefer its own organization, and adopt its own constitution and
by-laws, provided they contain the following provisions :
I. Every member, upon his admission, must promise to
assist in attaining the objects of the League, and is required to
sign the constitution as well of the auxiliary association as of
the League, thus binding himself to observe the behests of
both. In case of withdrawal or expulsion, he shall forfeit all
claim upon the property of the League.
II. Every association is at liberty to exact and collect con-
tributions, to be expended for the purposes of the association.
Over and above this, every member is required to contribute to
the Revolutlonary fund not less than one cent per week, to be
paid into a separate purse set apart for the purpose.
III. Every association upon jinin -the. Lerqie is to report
itselfto the Executive Board, -"ii ,, '.. n. constitution
and by-laws and a list of members. They are also requiredto
.. .i.;i .1..1. r. --yearly reports of their condition and prospects,
I,. i .. i-. r members, alterations in their .*i ,'' *. &c.,
and to make quarter-yearly remittances to all ordinary and ex-
traordinary contributions to the Revolutionary fund.
IV. The executive board of the League is empowered to in-
struct every association to appoint emissaries, who must be
(..ui -i; ; .h.1u1. i he central board, for the purpose of collect-
i,. ., .,.., out of the associations, and of organizing
V. Every association must elect a President, Secretary, and
Treasurer, who are to represent the associations in all commu-
nications with other associations, and with the central board.
Tihe Treasurers must give security for the moneys entrustedto
Sec. 2. Centralization.-For tihe purpose of concerted action,
all revolutionary associations will unite under the management
of the supreme authority of the League, and abide by their de-
cisions as the supreme laws of the League. This supreme au-
thority is a congress of all the revolutionary associations.
ART. V.-Orr/anization of the Conajress.
See. 1. Every association numbering not less than ten and
not more than fifty members is entitled to one represen-
Sec. 2. Associations numbering more than fifty members
are entitled to an additional representative for every additional
one hundred members, and for every fraction remaining over.
Sec. 3. Two or more associations, each numbering under fifty
members, are at liberty to unite in sending a delegate.
Sec. 4. Every delegate must be furnished with credentials in
,ii,.. stating the number of his constituents.
. A majority of Congress is competent to decide upon
the admission of a delegate.
See. 6. No compensation for loss of time isto be allowed any
delegate. Every association is left to adjust all questions of
mileage with its delegate.
Sec. 7. Every Congress is to fix the time and place of meet-
ing of the next succeeding Congress.
See. 8. They shall transact business in the following order :
I. Reading and adoption of the minutes.
II. Reception and reference of memorials, letters, &c.
III. Reports of committees.
IV. Order of the day.
V. Designation of the order of the day for the succeeding
Sec. 9. The jurisdiction of Congress extends over all the
affairs of the League, and all amendments or alterations of this
AnRT. VI.-Organizartion of the Ereeutive hoard.
See. 1. The Board.
I. In the recess between one session of Congress and an-
other, the business of the League shall be entrusted to an Exe-
IT. The Board consists of seven members.
III. They are elected by Congress.
IV. The residence of the Board is to be determined by Con-
Sec. 2. Method of activity of the Board.
1. In the principal towns of every State there shall be es-
tablished a State Committee, to consist of the Executive Board
of the Revolutionary Association there located. If there are
several Revolutionary Associations in such principal town,
they elect the State Committee between them.
II. The duty of the State Committee shall be to receive the
communications of the Board, and transmit them to the seve-
ral Associations, and to transmit the proposals of Associations
to the Board, to establish new Associations, and generally to
make all possible exertions in furtherance of the cause in the
State assigned to its care.
Sec. 3. The Revolutionary Fund.
I. The Revolutionary Fund is under the management of the
II. It consists of the contributions of individuals and asso-
III. The Treasurer of the Board must give security for the
moneys entrusted to his keeping.
IV. When the funds collected exceed $100 in amount, they
are to be invested in good security, bearing interest.
Sec. 4. Jurisdiction of the Board.
I. The functions of the Boardi are administrative and exe-
cutive. Its duties are to execute the objects stated in Art. II.
by the means specified in Art. III. of this Constitution.
II. During the sessici -.. f '-. r.. -. l. ,i ..ri,- is confined
to the execution of the r. ,-. *In .n.. it II.- -|.
III. As aoon as Congress have assembled and organized, the
Board are to transmit a message, containing a report of all
events of importance that have taken place in the League since
tire last session of Congress ; a general review of the condition
of the various associations, and the number of their members ;
of the accounts and of the funds in hand. If required, it is
also the duty of the Board to submit to the "r :i... '..n of Con-
gress all documents in its possession, and tc ll ti. r ,nforma-
tion, so far as is in their power.
See. 5. The Political Committee.
I. The Board is to maintain the most intimate relations with
a political committee.
II. The Political Committee consists of three members, to
be elected by the next Congress.
III. This committee has unrestricted powers, in connexion
with the revolutionary representatives of other nationalities,
to take all necessary steps in support of the European revo-
IV. The committee is represented by a headman, in a central
Europeon Committee, to consist of the Chiefs of all the revolu-
tionary National Committees.
V. The Political Committee is responsible to Congress.
At the close of the congressional sittings Messrs. G... .. n.r
Fickler, the delegates and plenipotentiaries of the .A-\g .'**n
Society in London, publicly declared, "That the Agitation
Society is from henceforth dissolved, and that its members
join tie League now established on the free soil of America."
,' .r. .. resolved to publish this declaration; and, further,
to convoke the next Congress of the American Revolutionary
League at New York on Monday, the 17th of May, 1852, when
the attendance, by representation, =of all the friends of the
cause is invited.
DECISIOg AGAINST THnE UNITEIr STATES BANK.-The Su-
preme Court of Pennsylvania on Thursday affirmed two
judgments of the District Court, in suits brought by the
Commonwealth against the United States Bank, to recover
the actual bonus secured in the charter to the State of
$100,000 due for nine years. The bank resisted the
claim, on the ground that it had ceased to exercise the
functions and franchises of banking, and had assigned all
its property in trust for its creditors. The Commonwealth
insisted that, as the stockholders annually elected direc-
tors, and frequently held meetings, they had not given up
the franchises granted by the State, and that the bank
was therefore bound to pay the annual bonus demanded.
The Supreme Court sustained this position.
THE. FTLfRITTDA TTNITAS.
SC-N am TmTe vrT m r T r T .PVmTTTYnf
reasonable views and purposes, and we near that he will the bones of the ancient reptiles-some of them of truly
give these poor children of the wilds a further and final colossal linm,.n-..-.-n.l it is highly probable that addi-
hearing to-day at noon, when such consideration will be tional treasures of this kind will be found as the waves
shown them, by way of presents and otherwise, as will continue to undermine the coast. St. Catherine's IHead,
probably have the effect of restoring their good will and a high promontory of chalk, forms the southeast point of
sending them home pretty well contented. A sum of the ixlar,]. and the chalk cliffs attend the navigator all
twenty-five hundred dollars has been asked of Congress alog th,- shore. They were, when seen by the lecturer,
to defray their expenses whilst here, and the cost of their in Augus. I nearly vertical white walls, and the fos-
travelling home. This sum would seem to be hardly ade- sils were rerrer.i very distinct by a land slip or slide, a
quate ; for, in addition, they should be supplied with suf- undermined
part of the hank having bean then recently undermined
ficient and decent clothing. A few hundred dollars addi- and flen in ruins, and the fossils having either fallen out
tional might ultimately prove to be a great saving, or reman siine st ng out from the chalk.
We regret to learn that some citizens of Fl1rida IPR(F. SII.LIM \?'S TENTH LECTURE-GEOLOGY.
have recently committed unprovoked hostilities on ner.-n -- the preceding lecture mentionwas made
T r r i iI" relrr.n.. ,e iv, the preceding lecture mention was made
the Indians of that State. It is reported that a ,of the -gsth. .1z recently brought from Madagascar and
company of volunteers, raised by order of Governor prescn.i-d 1i, ie French Academy of Sciences by Geoffroy
Brown, under the command of a Mr. Jernigan, took iSti Hilmre, mi...g with some of the bones supposed to be-
several prisoners, two of whom escaped, and two, a lig te tilme ihr- that produced the eggs, whose shells held
child and an old woman, are still detained. It is ": i, rw., a..i equivalent to one hundred and thirty-
fie u comnirn,,i 'u-, It may well be imagined, then, what
apprehended that the Indians will retaliate. nitm v het,-inht he size of.the hens nat laid them.
, Thus has the faith of the Government, pledged The -ilici;ed trees of Virginia were named, especially
to these unfortunate people, been violated, and all 'I..e that w,-re cut through in constructing the railroad
its efforts (which for several years have been entirely '.weetii Richmond and Fredericksburg, where they were
successful) to preserve peace with them been frus- :'hs a -iv years since in full view, as also in the bank
treated by the rashness of a few individuals, acting of the Rappahannock, at Fredericksburg, where there
frted by tine rashness of a few indv a g r lir.. ,ni.,-.l trees, and in some parts the woody
not only without but in defiance of the authority fib, e n e- h l a combustible, not having under-
the Goenet fit" e rcri i-l |.iil_ combustible, not having under-
the Government. -.,,ne thr.rug],I3 the conversion into stone, although the
This circumstance is the more to be regretted i-, .-iglibh, irmg- I.ts were fully changed. It was also men-
it is understood the governmentt was about takl ii;,' ti)-d that p..rions of silicified trees, of very great size,
measures to cutm],Jvjn' t induce these Indians to mi- were et-e, b LIhe lecturer in the Museum of Economical
grate to the west of the Mississippi. Uo.,m.,y ir L.ndon; they had been brought from Van
grate I'.nm ,, Lamil, and, aswas believed, also from Maracaibo,
Some days ago we published a Telegraphic des- in Sortth America. In a continental museum large sili-
patch which stated that on the night of his arrival cified tree was seen, of which a cross section had been
h wi s d tt om made and polished to a high degree, so that the structure,
at Mobile Chevalier HULSEMANN was "grossly in- in annual rings, and the medullary rings running from the
suited by a crowd of persons, composed of Germans centre towards the circumference, were beautifully exhi-
and other foreign residents, who assembled around bited. It was remarked, also, that although the vegeta-
his hotel, greeting him with jeers and shouts, and tion that produced the coal mainly ceased, or when con-
closing with a charivari serenade." tinned was in humbler forms, after the proper carbonifer-
So us era, still beds of coal have been found in the oolite.
The Mobile Register says that this statement, so - ,.
The Mobile Register says that this stateme The Brora coalfield in Sutherland, Scotland, is of that
far as Mobile is involved, is utterly without founda- geological age, and was some years ago described by Sir
tion, and that Mr. Hulsemann was, during his transit Roderick Impey Murchison. The Messrs. Rogers (W. B.
through that city, treated with every personal cour- and II. D.) have also expressed the opinion that the coal
tesy and respect. The outrages referred to took of Richmond, Virginia, is of that geological age, although
place in New Orleans, and were properly censured the oolitic rock is not found there, or, as far as we know,
any where in North America.
by the press and the people of that city. Allusion i m, to the different geological epochs.
______ - ___ ___ *___Allusion ,i r- i...w nid,. to the different geological epochls
LATE FROM CALIFORNIA. that had been mentioned in the lectures, to the probably
The steamer Prometheus, from San Juan, arrived primeval epoch of fire, producing the igneous rocks, and
at w Y n S wi t F is still manifested in the high temperature of the interior of
at New York on Saturday, with San Francisco .,, -
t Nw rk o S w S F the earth, in the hot springs, and in thIe volcanoes.
papers to the 2d February. She brings no gold of Mention was also made of the epoch of water, when it
consequence except what is in the hands of her pas- came in aid of fire to form and arrange the various strati-
sengers, about 234 in number, fled rocks; then came the introduction of life, the marine
The accounts from the mining districts of Cali- animals below the coal; then the introduction of amphibia,
fornia continue to be favorable. The miners on the and recently two new species lave been found in Scotland,
S con u to be Te i in Morayshire, in the old red sandstone, or Devonian for-
Sacramento, it is said, are meeting with such suc-
Sacramento, it is said, are meeting with such su-mation; species of small frogs or animals partaking of the
cess in their labors as to encourage them to work Batracian and Lacertine character; then succeeded the
night and day. Samurian age, prevailing between the coal and the chalk.
JOHN B. WELLER (Dem.) has been elected UI. S. The appropriate business of the evening was introduced
Senator from California. The Whigs made no regu- by a description of the Lias and Oolite formations, which
lar nomination. are very conspicuous in England, and in France and Ger-
many, but have not hitherto been observed in North Ame-
Col. FREMONT and family left San Francisco on r;ei. Thle rr.r1.r,.,. .. limestone at St. Ge-
the 2d ultimo, in the mail steamer Tennessee. ni,-, ,n it,, Mi.-%,:- ;ti, hi, h, ian oolitic structure,
Rumors reached San Francisco on the 1st ultimo but it was of an earlier period than the oolite of Europe.
that a revolution had occurred at Great Salt Lake The innumerable fossils of the lias and oolite were
among the Mormons, and that they were arming spoken of, and a more particular notice was given of
and fortifying themselves, having first published a the Wealden formation, lying between the oolite and the
and fortifying themselves, having first published a chalk. It is about one thousand feet thick, and contains
declaration of independence, in which they express only fresh-water fossils, or only mingled in a slight degree
their determination to establish a Republic. with sea weeds, implying a discharge into a sea, although
The Crescent C,''-.,, with the California mails, to- it is inferred that the region which, including its develop-
gether ?1 :;i t.in-,- in gold, and 145 passengers, ar- meant on the opposite coast of France, is about two hun-
rived at N m"I \ ..rk yesterday afternoon. it-1 11 w enty miles by two hundred, was once the em-
bochure or delta of an immense river, which, like tihe
THE MISSISSIPPI SENATORS.-The New Orleans Mississippi, the Ganges, the Niger, &c., brought down the
Courier, in announcing the late election of WALTER spoils of a great country. It was in b. region that Dr.
BROOKE and STEPHEN ADAMS as Senators from the Mantell discovered the bones of the liguanodon, the Hy-
Iceosaurus, the Pelosaurus, and other gigantic reptiles,
State of Mississippi, thus alludes to the politics of whose limbs appear like timber; the fossil ..L. i.1;..,- of
the former gentleman : this region is also that of fresh water, and it is mainly of
"Mr. BROOKE is a native of Virginia, son of the a tropical character. In England, in the region between
' late Judge Brooke, of the General Court of that State, London and the coast, the Wealden formation is covered
' who was long prominent as the personal and politi- by the chalk. The chalk is an extensive deposit, esti-
' cal friend of Mr. ClTAY. Mr. Brooke is a young mated at one thousand feet in thickness on the average.
' lawyer of handsome talents, but one of the most It occupies the southeast, the middle, and the northeast
' violent and ultra Whigs in the South." of England, and is found extensively developed in France,
Denmark, Poland, Russia, &c. It is almost purely
We learn from the Georgetown Advocate that the carbonate of lime, and affords most of the lime used in
Legislature of Virginia has passed a law incorpo- the south of England. The chalk hills are rounded by a
rating a company to construct _a plank road from graceful swelling curve and corresponding hollows, afford-
Fairthax Court-house, in Virginia, to Georgetown. ing a mild landscape. The soil is light, but well adapted
This improvement, when completed, will open to topasturage, especially of sheep; the Southdowns of Wilt-
Georgetown a more direct and easy communication shire are famous for their fine breed of sheep, much es-
withseveral important turnpike roads, from which her teemed for their mutton. In agricultural operations the
business people are at present comparatively cut off. plough often penetrates the chalk and uncovers it and
ARRIVAL OF THE AFRICA. throws up the nodules of flint that were imbedded in the
The steamer Africa, with Liverpool dates to the chalk, and which are commonly found loose in the roads.
14th of February, arrived at New York on Satur- The flints are generally found in the upper part of the
day. The following items of her news have been chalk beds, in detached nodules, but sometimes in con-
forwarded per Telegraph : tinuous veins.
ENGLrAND. The flints frequently contain fossilized organic beings,
The Parliamnentary proceedings are unimportant. A echini, corals, sponges, shellfish, animalcules, &c., con-
verted into silex, and the organic structure is readily
vote of censure on the Irish Government, relative to an averted into iex and te cture is readily
action brought by the Editor of "the World" against the brought outby slicing off thin pieces and polishing them,
Chief Secretary of Ireland, was to be brought forward on when it is often visible to the naked eye, or, if the organ-
the 19th, and would probably cause a dissolution of the isms were animalcules, the peculiar structure is revealed
Ministry. by the microscope. It is probable that thie silex was in-
FRANCE. produced from hot water projected from volcanic sources
A slight disturbance-had occurred in one district, in below, and itappears to have attached itself in preference
which the populace were with difficulty dispersed, to organized bodies.
The French Government had resolved to request the Gun flints are manufactured by chipping the flint, and
Belgian Government to remove from the field of Waterloo formerly they were brought from France to England, as
the lion and other monuments, being preferable to their own ; but the use of percussion
ROME. caps has imrnirmle that of gun flints. Flint is used in
The French troops were regarded with the greatest ab- the manufacture of the finer kinds of glass and earthen-
horrence by the Pope and the people, and attempts had ware ; when ignited and thrown into water it cracks, and
been made to assassinate the soldiers, is then easily pulverized, and is white.
LIvERPOOa MARKET, FEBRUARY 14-1. P.M. The chalk cliffs form the most striking feature in the
The cotton market is very firm, and qualities above scenery of the channel coast on both sides, and doubtless
middling have advanced fully one-sixteenth. The sales gave origin to the Roman name, Albion. In illustration
to-day are between eight and nine thousand bales, of of the peculiar structure of the country, a tour was pro-
which two thousand bales were on speculation and for posed by Dr. Mantell, in whose house the lecturer was a
export. Tire feeling at tire close was upwards. The comn- get n hyacrigypoeddb ala oCs
mittee's quotations on Friday were, fair Upand 5d, Or and t ac di p to (
Gardener's circular quotes a decline of ld. in wheat, that island by water, and back to London, by Brighton,
6d. in flour, and 6d. in corn, with a dull market, but the and over the celebrated Wealden formation.
market for corn was tending upwards. The circumnavigation of the Isle of \ m.-!rm gave them a
The English funds have improved. Consols for money i of its sti o ieh in o q o t in-
and account closed at 974 to 974. o view of ita stratification, which, in consequence of tie in-
Beef was very active at the previous advance of 3s. to vasi on of the sea and the undermining of the banks, is very
5s. New was much wanted. Bacon was in moderate re- distinctly seen in section as in a diagram.
quest. Shoulders sold freely at Is. to 2s. advance. Tal- Alum ;,,, Will its variously colored strata of chalk and
low had declined 6d. ; lard unchanged. tertiary placed on edge, or reversed in their position, was
Tm-------- anh thdpassed very near, and then the Needles at thie northwest
TE OAA IDiANs.-We learn that the delegation of the island. They are detached portions of the
from this tribe now here are growing quite tired aul im- chalk strata, which the sea has cut off from the main land,
patient at remaining so long from their homes and people. aud left them standing in the waves as brilliant white
They wish to get back before the emigration westward towers-lofty, irregular, and grotesque ; the boat passed
fromn Iowa shall have commenced, in order to prevent so- between ut, i, and, on turning to the south and east, the
rious differences and difficulties which might occur between strata o were disclosed beneath the chalk;
thie emigrants and their tribe. Considerately impressed the sandstone of the Wealden, here of a red color, forms
with their circumstances, Col. LEA, thre Commissioner of the principal part of the bank, and passes beneath the
Indian Affairs, has done whatever lay in'hmim to aid their waves. In this stratum Dr. Mantell found tie largest of
old French Revolution, were removed cuand arranged in or-
der, forming a vast and gloomy subterranean necropolis,
with numerous streets. It was formerly visited, but per-
sons having been lost in its labyrinths-as at Rome-as
mentioned in a former lecture, all access is now forbidden.
STA'TISTICS.-In the quarter ending September 30 the
marriages in England and Wales amounted to 74,810; the
births in the same quarter numbered 149,155. In. the
last year the deaths were 885,938; the births 616,251;
showing an increase in the population of this portion of
the island of no less than 230,818.
Now, there was a gradual slope from the high bank
down to the sea shore, and where in 1805 there was only
a single house there is now a considerable village, erected
for the accommodation of consumptive invalids who seek
here a mnild climate. At Brighton the chalk strata are
disclosed by the sections of Ihc railroad, and again at
Lewes, where several ancient and deep chalkpits gave a
fine opportunity to examine the chalk, the chalk marl,
and the very interesting fossils which they contain. In
these pits Dr. Mantell made many of his original obser-
vations which have been embodied in his works; and in
the return from Lewes to London the travellers passed
over the fields rendered geologically classical by his re-
searches and publications; the territory of Tilgate forest
was under their feet, and Leith Hill, the subject of an in-
teresting memoir by the same author, was in view.
Although we have not in North America the proper mi-
neral chalk, we have the chalk era, as is proved by tihe
fossils included in various strata-sand, clay, loam, iron
ore, &c. There is a region of this description in New Jer-
sey, between the Delaware river and the Atlantic, as was
long ago proved by the late Dr. Morton, of Philadelphia,
and Mr. Lardner Vanuxem.
This ci,,k formation prevails extensively along the nma-
ritime regions of the Southern States.
There is an extensive chalk formation along thie river
Missouri, covering an area of several hundred miles in
length. The shells contained in this formation are in high
preservation, and many of them retain in a good degree
their pearly lustre, called the nacre. There is also an ex-
tensive region of chalk in South America, with appropriate
The subject of fossil animalcules was next illustrated
by drawings of the objects very greatly magnified, as they
appear in flint, in opal, &c.
The topic was elucidated by a reference to recent ani-
malcules, infusorials, and to the works of Ehrenberg, of
Berlin, the eminent philosopher of thie microscopic world.
Thie minute organisms of thIe chalk were explained ; its
chambered shells, called foraminifera, so minute as to pass
through a pin hole in a piece of paper; its delicate coral-
line shoots, &c. Chalk appears to be made up in a great
measure of minute corals, and their pulpy ruins are mix-
ed with minute aunimnalcular bodies. In the Bermudas
chalk appears to be forming from -thie destruction and
comminuntion of the coral reefs by the waves.
The tertiary strata were next introduced, and their gen-
eral nature and position were explained. In Europe they
repose on the chalk, and they form the most recent of the
They consist of beds of sand and clay and limestone
and sandstone, and sometimes siliceous concretions and
iron ore. They often alternate, fresh water and salt wa-
ter strata being interchanged with their peculiar fossils.
This is the fact with thie tertiary of Paris; these strata
were examined by Cuvier and Brongniart, who published a
description of them in a quarto on the mineral contents of
This excited great attention, and soon other tertiary
regions were discovered and described ; and it so happens
that several of the most important cities of the world are
built upon tertiary-London, Paris, Vienna, Moscow, &c.,
and at home Charleston and Richmond repose on strata
filled within fossilized animalcules.
The tertiary strata are distinguished chiefly by their
fossils, which differ more and more from those of the se-
condary as we ascend in the series; a gradation has been
attempted among the shells, indicated by terms 1 -. ii,,
to their chronology, as early, middle, late, or very late
thie terms introduced by Sir Charles Lye]l are eocene,
miocene, pliocene, and post-pliocene, meaning as just
For the present, the most interesting fact in the change
of fossils or the introduction of new fossils is, that in the
lower tertiary, terrestrial animals first appear; air-breath-
ing, warm-blooded, viviparous animals, born alive and
nursed in infancy by the female parent. It was in the
gypsum of the quarries ot Montmatre, near Paris, that
this memorable observation was made by Cuvier. He in-
forms us that the quarry men often discovered bones, and
finding that they were objects of interest they were brought
to him in great numbers, until his apartments resembled
a charnel house in which the bones of many animals and
of many ages were promiscuously huddled together in con-
fusion, and at first without any apparent connexion. It
was not long, however, before Cuvier's admirable skill in
comparative anatomy enabled him to assort these menbra
disiecta, and to restore the forms of many animals that had
for ages ceased to live. From a single bone, or even from
a tooth, sound conclusions could often be formed as to the
figure, size, and destination of the animal, whether carni-
vorous or herbivorous. These discoveries introduced to
geologists the group ofpalniotlherin, meaning ancient ani-
mials; of 'mll of which the species and in most instances
the genera were extinct. It was not long ere palaiotheria
were found in other tertiary beds; and one of the most
remarkable cases is that of Auvergne, in which volcanic
country of France some of thie more recent volcanoes broke
out -in........I tertiary strata containing the bones of such
paloeotheria as are found in the Paris basin.
It was stated that the paloeotheria were very various in
size, some being as large as a Iorse and some as small as
a hare. Their relics, those found in the Parisian strata,
are arranged in the museum of the Garden of Plants, and
among them are very perfect specimens.
Among the ancient animals, but of a more recent date,
tie dinotherium and the nmegalherinm, were described with
thIe aid of figures. Thie dinotherium has been supposed
to be the largest of terrestrial animals. 'The stupendous
head and tusks are preserved, in the museum at Hiesse
Darmstadt; the tusks pointed downwards.
The megatherium was a huge animal like the sloth; it
was twelve feet long and eight high, and was found near
the river la Plata; the bones are colossal.
Caverns were mentioned, and that of Kirkdale, in York-
shire, was described with its vast contents of bones, espe-
cially those of the byeua. It was a den of hyenas, and
they had dragged ii innumerable animals or parts of ani-
mals, even limbs of elephants, tigers, bears, &c. ; for the
orifice of the cave was so narrow and low as hardly to ad-
mit a man. Similar caverns in Germany were mentioned,
but they had been occupied chiefly by bears, and it was
supposed that the relics implied two thousand bears
which had inhabited the cavern in the course of ages.
Thie cavern bear was described by Cuvier as being as large
as an English hunting horse, a conclusion fully justified
by numerous specimens preserved in the museums of Eu-
rope, and by a perfect restored skeleton in thle museum of
In the caverns in America few bones have been found,
and they do not appear to have been ever inhabited by
animals as dens, although they were sometimes occupied
by the aborigines as cemeteries.
The section of the Parisian strata illustrative of the ar-
tesian well of Grenelle was again exhibited, to show the
relative position of the chalk and the tertiary and there
thickness of the former, which was very great.
Beneath the city of Paris there are extensive catacombs
which are the result of the excavations to obtain building
materials. To these catacombs the bones extracted from
the ancient burying-grounds, about the beginning of the
made the passage from Boston to Bahia in thirty-one days.
She sailed at the rate of two hundred miles per day for
six consecutive days.
J FRANCIS CLEMENTS,
Attorney and Counsellor at Lai,
W ILL Practice in the Courts of this District and in the
adjoining counties of Maryland and Virginia,
Will also prosecute claims of every .r;li...n agapmirint the
Government, especially claims for serve .- in he wur ..i the
Office on Louisiana avenue, between 4j and 6th streets.
sep 11-eo6m (Union)
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1852.
The PRESIDENT laid before the body a series of reso-
lutions passed at a meeting of the inhabitants of Milton,
Wayne county, Indiana, recommending a law of Congress
providing for a division of the Indian territory lying
southwest of the Missouri river, and defining the bounda-
ries of the Territory of Nebraska, and making provision for
the removal of certain tribes of Indians f"i ..i the Territory
of Nebraska, and for the settlement of the public lands
lying therein from which the title had been extinguished.
Also, resolutions of a i., ,rm in the town of Aurora,
Dearborn county, Indiana, recommending a reform of the
disposition of the public lands.
By Mr. SEWARD: The joint resolution of the Legisla-
ture of New York in favor of Congress having prepared a
compendium of the first and subsequent enumeration of
the inhabitants of the United States, showing in separate
columns the whites, free persons of color, and the slaves,
by sexes, and total population ; the dwellings; agricul-.
tural statistics, manufactories, lilr o i-,, rtorued in tihe
last census ; the representation 'jndr -,,,.h iumeration,
with such general information r t-oi, .e 10 ur Rational
progress, in order to efford a suft,, ,'. iod rdlial.l- ram-
pend of information indispensable for legislation and for
Also, from 476 citizens of N; .r county, New York,
remonstrating against the ,,il..:r extension of Wood-
worth's patent planing machine.
By Mr. FISH: From citizens of Westchester county,
New York, asking an extension of Woodworth's planing
By Mr. BRODIIEAD : From citizens of Pennsylvania,
remonstrating against the extension of Woodworth's plan-
Also, five memorials, or rather remonstrances, of citi-
zens of Pennsylvania, against the renewal of Parker's pa-
tent for the improvement in the water wheel.
Also, from citize,- ..- \it .1. county, in the same
State, asking the (..,i.-i i..t.., t ship canal round the
Falls of St. Mary's river.
By Mr. JAMES: From citizens of Philadelphia county,
Pennsylvania, remonstrating against the extension of the
patent of Woodworth's planing machine.
By Mr. DODGE, of Iowa: From citizens of Iowa, ask-
ing a donation of land to the State for the construction of
a railroad from Burlington to the Missouri river.
By Mr. DOUGLAS: From citizens of Illinois, remon-
strating against a renewal of Parker's patent for improve-
mnents in tire water wheel; and from citizens of the State
of New York, remonstrating against the extension of the
patent of Woodworth's planing machine.
By Mr. SMITH: From Ge6rge Andrews, asking that
tlhe public lands may be reserved for actual settlers, and
for bounties, in case the country should again be involved
in war; and from an assistant marshal in Connecticut for
additional compensation for taking the 7th census.
By Mr. ATCHISON: From the Legislature of Minne-
sota Territory, asking the ratification of certain treaties
with the Sioux and I li Indians in that Territory.
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES.
Mr. MALLORY, from the Committee on Naval Affairs,
reported a bill to provide for the establishment of a naval
depot at Key West, accompanied by a report, which was
ordered to be printed.
Mr. CLEMENS submitted the following resolution,
which was considered and agreed to:
Resol.ed, That the Committee on tlse Judiciary be instruct-
ed to inquire into the e.p,'liono. of increasing the salary of
the judge of the United tr. '. .1t for the District of Ala-
Thie following bills from the House of Representatives
were severally read a first and second time by their titles
and referred to thie Committee on Pensions:
An act for the relief of Cornelius Hughes, of Tennes-
An act for the relief of Francis Triban.
An act for the relief of James Wright, Jr.
An act for the relief of John Mclntosh.
An act for the relief of Ichabod \ ,.-'-niuit
An act for the relief of John Kerbaugh.
The following bill from the House was read a first and
second time, and referred to the Committee of Claims:
An act for the relief of Chales S. Matthews, Charles
Wood, and James Hall.
The Senate then proceeded to the unfinished business
of yesterday, being the personal explanation of Mr.
RIIETT ; when
Mr. CLEMENS rose and concluded his remarks com-
menced yesterday, in reply to Mr. RHETT of the preced-
Mr. RHETT replied, and, after a brief rejoinder by Mr.
CLEMENS, the subject was postponed, and the Senate .ad-
LAW OF THE UNITED STATES.
Passed at thie First Session of the Thirty-second Con-
gress of the United States of America.
[PUBLic RESOLUTIoN-No. 5.]
A RESOLUTION extending the time of the commission
under the Convention with Brazil.
Resolr'edl I the Senate and House of Representatives of the
Untied Stalcs, of America in Congress assembled, That the
act entitled An act to carry into effect the Convention
between the United States and the Emperor of Brazil of
tihe twienty-sventhi day of January, in the year eighteen
hundred and forty-nine," approved March twentieth,
eighteen hundred and fifty, shall be and the same is here-
by continued in force for the period of fourth months from
And after thIe first day of March, in the year eighteen
hundred and fifty-two.
Approved, February 27, 1852.
The Norfolk Herald states that Commodore S. H.
STRINGRI-AM has received preparatory orders to command.
the Mediterranean squadron. His place at the Gosport
navy yard is to be supplied, it is said, by Commodore
The steamers San Jacinto and Powhatan, and the sloops-
of-war Levant andi St. Louis, all fitting out at Gosport, are
ordered to the Mediterranean.
The steamship Saranar has been ordered home to take
the place of the P'rinceton, ordered to the East Indies,
which latter cannot be got ready for sea in time.
Midshipnran GBamoaY died at the naval hospital on
The Journal of Commerce states that much activity
prevails in some of thie departments of the navy yard at
Brooklyn in preparing the brig Perry and :t,.reihjI .' pj.?*.
for the JAPAN EXPEDITION. Workmen are .i.,Ji,. rmploytd
upon both of these vessels, as also upon the outfits of the
steam frigate Mississippi. This last-named vessel is now
at Philadelphia, having her machinery thoroughly over-
overhauled and repaired. All her other work is to be
done at Brooklyn. She is intended for the flag ship of
Commodore PEarBE. In addition to the usual complement
of small arms, she will be provided with 120 stands of
muskets, and the same number each of pistols, cutla-'es,
&c. She will take ai equal number extra for the steam-
frigate Susquehranrna, now in those seas, and which is to
form one of the squadron. The Mississippi will also take
with her a park of twelve 24 pound howitzers. As all
dispatch is ordered to be used in making these prepara-
tions, it is expected that the expedition will _".,,bc really
Tire frigate Macedonian, which has been razeed and al-
most rebuilt, has just been removed from the dry d..ck
her battery will consist of two ten-inch and twenty eight-
inch guns. her destination is at present unknown.
The U. S. sloop-of-war Portsmouth, Commander Dornin,
FR OM O0URL OND ON CORRESPONDENT.
SLONDON, FEBRUARY 12, 1852.
-That there are two sides to every argument
and two views to be taken of every question is an
observation. which is far from having the attribute
of novelty to rneoinimeid it. However trite it may
be. it has bven br,.,ught uforcibly t'.. our mind by the
opinions which our pulilic,-ul .Il .,i. cial writers are ex-
pressing upon the present ,.cndlitint of our neighbor
France, and the caunt. wlii,;li Li'[ led to that con-
dition. We well r.-ni-mi.:r reading Mr. LAING'S
very iiiteresting ?. .',1 '"' in Norway," and the
conclusions which he arrived at respecting the very
happy and enviable condition of that country, which
he dedu,:cd. ail \ ery philosophically and conclusive-
ly we thought, aud still think, tfrn the effects of the
absence of the law of primogeniture, and the equal
division of property among all the children of a fami-
ly. It k not our intention to introduce even the
briefest umtinar. of Mr. Laing's arguments in this
place; we merely mention his conclusions, in order
to contrast them with the opinions now expressed
by leading English journalists that the present eon-
dition uf Fri
same causes to which Mr. Laing ascribes the very oppo-
site position of Norway, viz. the abolition of the law of
primugeniture, an t ibe division of property among all the
children of a faniilv Thus argue our English writers:
The compul-orv division of estates in France has pro-
duced the ins:Nelnc.y and pauperism of the agricultural
In at,.isuhig the law of primogeniture and the old
feddal y_-t,-m, thbe funders of French liberty-that word
and thing so grossly misunderstood-instituted a new
tyranny. They compelled the subdivision of the soil. A
man with a large or small farm, as the case might be,
was iforee,' by ibe new law to divide his lands equally among
ill his chbi.Iren Th,result was inevitable-division and
subdivision, until farms became too small for profitable
cultivation, asd until ..si triige became in many cases
impossible. I here' were. in France at the time the inquiry
was instituted by Louis Philippe no less than 10,834,794
hI,nde. pr.prirt..r. b..lliing f.,r the most part little plots of
groun.l which they .ilii'nt.:lJ with the spade. Of this
number only 6,681 derived an income of more than 400
per annum from their lands, while there were 369,608
estates of the annual value of only 12; 787,136 of the
value of 8 ; 873,997 of the value of 4 ; and 2,600,000
of an annual value not exceeding 2. The great bulk of
ibe.,' proprietors, as stated in the official reports alluded
to, were strangers to a meat diet, and stood alone,' as
the inspectors forcibly remarked, 'in unassisted misery-
in ill humor with every thing, and especially with all that
were higher or happier than themselves.' The breeding
of cattle diminished in every part of France; and in 1840
an act was passed, on the remonstrance of the butchers of
the capital. lkgalizing the public sale of horse-flesh as an
article ..f i,t-i
The current number of the Westminster Review has an
able article embodying much information, so far as sta-
tistics go, upon this subject. This is principally derived
from a report made to the French Legislative Assembly in
April last, by a committee appointed to inquire into the
subject. This report stated that the landed proprietors
of lrance were nearly all in a state of hopeless bank-
Thet nettannual revenue of France, derived from real
estates, was estimated at..................... 76,800,000
On the 1st of July, 1820, the mortgages on
the property producing this annual reve-
nue of 76,800,000, amounted to...:....... 854,520,000
In 1882 they amounted to....................... 449,320,000
In 1840 ".............................. 501,760,000
If they have increased in the same ratio they
would in 1852 amount to..................... 580,400,000
The rates of interest paid on these mortgages vary from
six per cent. to twelve, fifteen, and twenty; but, taking
it at ,six per cent., the annual amount paid by the land-
owners to their mortgagees would be 34,824,000. The
reviewer, however, makes the following calculation:
Deduct direct land tax................6,400,000
Additional............... .............. 3,200,000
Interest on mortgages ............... 40,628,000
Left' to the proprietors............................. 26,572,000
In 1840 there were no fewer than 10,834,794 landed
Proprietors, holding, for the most part, only as much land
as they could cultivate by the spade. Of this number
only 376,284 derived each an income of 12 and upwards
from their land, and 1,611,133 an income varying from
4 to 8, per annum; leaving the large number of
S,647,.377 holding land which did not yield more than
4 per annum, and of which 2,600,000 did not derive each
more than 2 per annum. But, bad as this statement is,
it' does not show the worst features of the case. M.
BLANQUI, not the Red Republican, but the statist and
"Many of'the so-called*proprietors of the French soil
are in want of every thing-of clothing to cover them, of
food to nourish them. An immense proportion of the
taxes is imposed on miserable huts, whose occupants are
too poor to repair the thatched roof which lets in the rain
and cold to the family. In an official return to the Gov-
ernment it is stated that in France there are 348,401
dwellings with no aperture but the door; 1,817,328 with
only one window; and 1,328,937 with only two windows.
These miserable huts shelter in all a population of no less
The editor of the London Illustrated News, whose senti-
ments we do not adopt without qualification, although we
think they contain much truth, in view of these citations,
They are sufficient to show why the great bulk of the
French are always dissatisfied, why any Government is so
difficult to establish, and where at the same time the mili-
tary spirit finds its pabulum. It is these miserable pro-
prietors, most of them far worse off than the English ag-
ricultural laborer, and not having, like him, the last re-
source of the union workhouse to apply to in extremity,
who swell the acclaim that hails Louis Napoleon and his
tyranny. Ignorant and reckless, desiring to live, but not
knowing how, they give their votes to the man who rep-
resents the only name and the only principle they can un-
derstand-the name of Napoleon, and the divine right of
the sword. Louis Napoleon has all the upper and educat-
ed cla'e*e, and a great portion of the bourgoisie of the
town? again..t, him, but he relies upon the millions. With
such millions, in such distress, and with such a ruler,
-France must continue to be dangerous to herself and "to
all the world."
Thus official returns seem to prove that the abolition of
the law of primogeniture and the division of land have
produced great misery in France, and induced a state of
society in that Country fatal to its own prosperity, and
adverse to the peace of its neighbors; whilst Mr. LAINO,
from his Own observation, states that the very same things
have produced in Norway "a contented and amiable peo-
pleeii.ij..yin the blessings of rational liberty, under laws,
institutions, and a constitution the most liberal of which
any modern European nation can boast." Both state-
ments may be true ; we believe that they are so. The
same laws are not equally good for all people, nor are the
same medicines equally advantageous to all individuals.
Until we can assimilate the two most opposite people in
Eur..,pc--the Norwegians and the French-we must not
be surprised that the same laws, when applied to both,
produce very different effects. But closet politicians are
very fond of generalizing. Hence our political economists,
who are mpre conversant with' books than men, think the
same commercial regulations are equally applicable to
England and the United States; and our political dab-
blers fancy, because republican institutions are so admi-
rably adapted to develop the resources and establish the
power and the real greatness and high character of your
glorious Union, that therefore France, Hungary, and
all the rest of Europe are equally adapted to a similar
mode of' government.
L,,i'1 J.;.r RUSSELL brought forward his pro-
niin.-il ,n'it-ur.- of parliamentary reform on the 9th,
in a very able, full, and dignified address to the
House, and we thui1 if be has not gone the lengths
to which the ultra Reformers would urge him, he
has satisfied all the true friends of progress, who
know th:it the whole measure, which some p.-riju-
drsirt, wouid be repudiated by many who will be
inclined to favor what they will consider as practicable:
We certainly do not regard the bill of the Prime Minister
as a homeopathic dose of reform; it will, we think, prove
This is surely high praise from the Aristarchus of the
northern Athens. The Memoirs of MARGEAnRET FULLER
OSSOLI, which have just been reprinted in London, are
very highly spoken of, and considered I.,rti'l,. ii, 11inte-
resting. The Postmaster General has given notice that,
on thle 1st of March, great additional facilities for the
transmission of books and works of art through the mail
will be afforded. At present only one volume can be sent
in a packet, and no writing is permitted, except on a sin-
gle page of the book. Both these restrictions are to be
abolished. Any number of separate publications may be
included in the same packet, and they may contain any
quantity of writing, (not of the nature of a letter,) toge-
ther with all legitimate binding, &c., including rollers in
the case of prints; in short, whatever is necessary for the
safe transmission of lites'ary or artistic matter.
There was nothing of interest in the proceedings of
either House of Parliament yesterday.
Our budget of foreign news isa very scanty one.
From PARIS we learn that Louis NAPOLEON keeps
much in privacy, and is rery Jifie.lt of access. He
is supposed to be concocting some new "' decree ;"
what he will try his hand at next it is inip.- hiblf- to
to betquite as much as the patient can swallow at present;
it will be an alterative which' will fit him for a further
application of the same remedy at the proper time. Con-
templating the disfranchisement of St. Albans for e..ITrp-
tion, Lord JOHN RUSSELL proposes the transfer ,.flthm rep-
resentatives from that borough, and those from Sudbury,
ah'lready disfranchised for the same cause, to the towns of
Burnley and Birkenhead. Other boroughs will be dis-
franchised should corrupt practices be proved against
them, and their representatives similarly transferred to
places not at present represented.
The 10 borough suffrage is to be reduced to 5, and
the county suffrage from a rental of. 50 to one of 20.
Copyhold and leasehold suffrage to be reduced from 10
to 5. Persons residing within a borough, not renting a
house of -1 r..-p i ;. i rent, but paying taxes to the amount
of 40s. per annum, to vote for the borough, and if resid-
ing out of a borough to vote for the county. All boroughs
containing five hundred voters each to remain as at pre-
sent, but those having below five hundred voters to have
additional places annexed to them so as to raise the voters
to five hundred. The boroughs which will have to be thus
extended are sixty-seven in number in England and Wales.
The present property qualification necessary for members
of Parliament to be done away with. The oath taken by
members is to be so modified as to make it the same both
for Catholics and Protestants, and the words "on the true
faith of a Christian" to be omitted. The vacation of his
seat, on a member's taking office, is also to be done away
with. The franchise in Scotland is to be the same as in
England, and in Ireland the borough franchise is to be re-
duced from 8 to 5. Messrs. Hume, P. Howard, Bright,
Baillie, Walmsley, Lord Harry Vane, and Mr. Anstey ap-
proved of the bill, although some of them lamented that
it did not include the ballot and triennial Parliaments.
Mr. Trelawney and Mr. H. Berkeley strongly supported
it. Sir Robert Inglis complained of the introduction of
religious matters. Sir J. Walsh opposed any re-opening
the question of reform. Mr. Newdigate condemned tack-
ing the Jew bill to the measure. Sir John Tyrrell thought
the bill extremely harmless; Col. Sibthorpe denounced
the Government and all its measures. Mr. D'Israeli said
his mind was much relieved; the project was not calcu-
lated to disturb the existing balance of representation to
any great extent. Lord Dudley'Stuart considered the
measure as inadequate to meet the requirements of the
country, but hoped it would be accepted as an instalment.
Mr. 0. Stanley supported the measure. The -..il will be
read a second time on Friday, 20th instant; and we think,
judging from the tone of the IHouse, it is very likely to
pass into a law.
The chancery reform urged in the Queen's speech will
very likely lead to some reformation in that long-abused
(using that epithet in more senses than one) court. We
have no hope that all will be done that ought to be done
in that Augean stable, but the reforms contemplated will
be highly important.. Lord LYNDHURST has introduced a
bill into the House of Lords for facilitating the dispatch
of public business, by enabling either House to take up
and proceed with any measure sent from the other House
in the previous session, but not passed through want of
time. Mr. W. J. Fox has given notice of his annual mo-
tion respecting the state of education in England and
Wales. Several notices respecting Ireland have.been in-
troduced, in which Mr. Grattan, Mr. Keogh, and other
members from that country have indulged in their usual
Lord STANLEY, of Alderly, has succeeded Earl GRAN-
VILLE as Vice President of the Board of Trade and Pay-
master General. Rumor says that vacant posts at the
disposal of the Government have been offered to Mr. Chas.
Villiers and Mr. Bernal Osborne. Lord Dudley Stuart
has moved for copies of all correspondence which has pass-
ed between the British Government and that of Turkey in
reference to M. Kossuth and the other refugees lately
residing at Kutayah.
Mr. F. O'CoNNoR, M.P. for Nottingham, has been late-
ly conducting himself in so strange a manner as to induce
the opinion that he is deranged. His conduct on his ex-
amination before a Master in Chancery in relation to the
Freehold Land Society would admit of no other interpre-
tation. His subsequent violent behavior at the Lyceum
Theatre has led to his committal to prison for seven days.
His relatives will, it is hoped, prevent his further public
The dispute between the working engineers and their
employers is, we think, in a fair way to be arranged. The
employers have offered terms which many of the men,
both in London and Manchester, have accepted, and re-
turned to their work. We hope that in a very few days
the great majority will have done so.
The Smithfield question is at length settled. The Cor-
poration of London have agreed to take upon themselves
the entire management and responsibility of the new mar-
ket. It is not yet known where the new market will be
located; it is, however, generally, supposed that the site
of the market at Islington will be chosen, which certainly
combines many advantages. The tolls to be levied in the
new market are fixed -by the act of Parliament, and are
beyond the control and caprice of the Corporation, and
the site must be approved by the Home Secretary of State.
The Corporation accept all the risks and all the profits of
the new arrangement.
The returns of the Bank of England are every way sat-
isfactory so far as relates to the condition of that institu-
tion, but not so much so as indicative of the want of pro-
fitable employment for money. The reserve or unem-
ployed fund now amounts to 10,918,765. The active
circulation is 20,738,965. The coin and bullion
18,215,172. The deposits, both public and private,
are increasing, and the discounts and loans diminishing.
The circulation of the joint stock and private banks is also
There is nothing new in Theatricals. Nor do the Lite-
rary announcements present much novelty or interest.
New second-rate novels are abundant. Blackieood's Maga-
zine for this month has a very laudatory article, extend-
ing through fourteen pages, upon LOxs'FELLOW'S Golden
Legend, from which we make the following quotations:
"We have no hesitation in expressing our opinion that
there is nearly as much fine poetry in Mr. Longfellow's
Golden Legend as in the celebrated drama of Goethe."
"Mr. Longfellow will, in all probability, not receive that
credit which is really his due for the many exquisite pas-
sages contained in his Golden Legend, simply on accomet
of its manifest resemblance to the .Faust. Men, in gene-
ral, look upon the inventive faculty as the highest gift of
genius, and are apt to undervalue, without further con-
sideration, every thing which appears to be not original,
but imitative. This is hardly fair." "No man can read
six pages of the Golden Legend without being reminded of
the Faust, and that so strongly that there is a perpetual
challenge of comparison." "Whether Mr. Longfellouw
could have avoided this is quite another question. We
confess that we entertain very great doubts as to that
question. In respect of melody, feeling, patlos, and that
exquisite simplicity of expression which is the criterion
of a genuine poet, Mr. Longfellow need not shun compa-
rison with any living writer. He is not only by nature a
poet, but he has cultivated his poetical powers to the ut-
most." "'We are thankful that the present age is graced
by such a poet as Mr. Longfellow, whose extraordinary
accomplishments, and research, and devotion to his high
calling can hardly be overrated."
. .. ... 1V ...l.^. > ,." ..... ..-- --p-.... ...-
ADJOURNMENT TO WEDNESDAY.
Mr. SEWARD moved that when the Senate adjourn it
be to meet on Wednesday; predicating his motion on the
arrival of the Baltic, and that Congress had been invited
to visit her to-morrow, which time, under all the circum-
stances, lie conceived might be profitably and agreeably
Mr. DODGE, of Iowa,' opposed the motion, on the
ground that the business of the Senate might, be thrown
Mr. GWIN was in favor of the motion, though usually
opposed to adjournments, having as deep an interest in
business as most Senators. But here was ian arrival of a
magnificent vessel in our waters, which would leave the
day after to-morrow, and he really thought they could not
better employ their time than by an examination of her
structure and capability.
Mr. BRODHEAD conceived there were other interests
requiring protection beside the commercial. This steamer
came here for the avowed purpose of getting money from
the treasury, and seeks to make a great exhibition and
give a great entertainment the better to effect it. The
owners complain that they cannot c6nmpete with. British
steamers unless they receive more money, and that is just
what the iron interest and the cotton interest had said;
but' they could not come here and make a show of their
wares and merchandise for the purpose of obtaining spe-'
Mr. GWIN alluded to what had taken place in years
past, when the iron and cotton interests had access to all
the committee rooms for the purpose of obtaining special le-
gislation, and, in fact, might be said to have ruled the legis-
lation of the country, and had hbad their way long enough.
He contended there was no such object as had been inti-
mated; that the ..1.; -. i ..-rely was to satisfy all who
pleased to avail i.imI%.!- of the invitation what their
steamer was, and that no man would feel himself bound
to vote for any additional appropriation in consequence of
Mr. BORLAND hinted at outside influencesbrought to
bear on legislation, and maintained that this vessel was
brought here as on exhibition, to obtain from Congress
an additional appropriation for the support of the Collins
line, and said the honor and interests of the country, and
especially of the Senate, required' that they should turn
with scorn and contempt from such an exhibition.
Mr. SEWARD declared such a thought had never en-
tered his mind asthat presented by some of the Senators
opposed to this measure. He regarded it as exciting great
interest in the country, being no less than whether we
should secure to ourselves the commercial ascendency ac-
quired by the skill and enterprise of the founders of this
line, and paid a compliment to the magnificent vessel.
Mr. BORLAND and Mr. MALLORY followed against
Mr. RUSK would vote against adjourning over, though
this vote must not be misconstrued as an opposition to the
line. He spoke favorably of the manner in which the
contract had been performed by the contractors, and gave
it as his opinion that it would be to the interest and honor
of the country to sustain it.
,Mr. BAYARD would vote against the motion if he
thought the public business would be delayed; but he did
imagine. There is a rumor that the officers of the is the ,questi 0of.,i,,er;n Beilysms' General ST. ARNAUD
ggarri.,-nt at Versaille. hqiv,' come .- KLremn.ely diaf- is -ait te, .- the ':,nlI' Mim.vier i iaor ,,f this l-lC
fe-t,-l in eoe nlene- ,f the Orleuns decreet-s. It The quarrel ..t.ern Maups.iaad Per-,gmy sllI :.ntnus
is r.-ported that at ha:t tw,. hundr-d .dffi.-ers will be De I lorn' aend Fojld ire named ,.,s hlikel t., re-enter the
1.1e,-l-i half l3y ,-,n m.e,,,rint, of their Orleanit ten- .M;DltrY- Gen ,v,.ignaee ,:.-dtim beingqe emin, idit' f.-r
denies. Generally caiang, these confiscation de- a seat in the Im. -l..j,,.',,. Am..ng other strange apos-
crees have proved highly ,4in..mti,- to the arniy, par- tacies may be mentioned that of M. Larochejaquelin, who
ticularly from the coarse manner in which t is in- has disgraced the heroic name which he bears by appear-
vited to partake of the spoil. The President is evi- ing among the courtiers of Louis Napoleon. His lavish
dently relaxing in hit iIea-ure- aga;r,,t ti. ,,pp.nenls C.lI eexpendJutiLTre i sadl u ,haitj dr.tnered hi .Bstrimuuy. an4
his coup d'etat. The sentence of deportation .rcree,t IrIen hi,;.t hon,.r in o the market.
against MM, Dufraisse and Greppo, ex-representatives,.ia The Moniteur contains an ordonnance fixingi in a very
commuted to perpetual banishment. Among the mode- minute n,,,-wr,hw costume of the Senators and Council-
rate democratic candidates for the legislative body are lors of State. The diess appears to bea mass of blue
mentioned MM. Proudhon, Carnot, Pierre Leroux, Char- velvet, gold, and embroidery-a pretty commentary upon
ras, Cavaignac, Dufaure, Bethmont, de Lasteyrie, &c. Louis Napoleon's ideas ofr'.l ',"i.lii.'n.eme
mi. 1 Thfi,nnit T~rtv The Austrian troops commenced withdrawing from Hol-
These are all consistent republicans. The fusionist party The Austrian troopscommenced withdrawing fronHol-
is displaying a good deal of activity in imnI',,-irg. under stein and Hamburg on the 10th. TheOrleansprincesate
the management of M. Duchatel. Very few of the Legi- about memorializing the Germanic Diet on the subject of
timists will present themselves as candidates. M La- Louis Napoleon's recent decree s, Similar memorials are
horde, who stands almost alone in the extreme right, is to be forwarded to all the European Courts. Ministerial
said to be already in the field. changes are about to take place at Rome; Cardinal Anto-
Madame GEOROE SAND is again in Paris, busy in pro- nelhi will be succeeded by either Roberti or Bofondi.
paring a drama for-the Theatre du Gymsse. She solicited The rumor at Paris of a change in the Turkish Cabinet,
an interview with the President, for the purpose of repre- and the retirement of Resohid Pacha, is not credited; on
senting, on the part of the rural inhabitants of the pro- the contrary,.,his influence, and with it.the reform and
vince of Berry, the effects of the coup d'etat onthat part progressive system, are said to be every day becoming
of France. The President agreed to receive Madame more consolidated
Sand, and she attended at the time appointed, and, during
a long conversation, depicted to the Prince the sufferings
endured by the peasantry, in consequence of the multitu- -CON-G- R E SS-, l-_-L_ _-___
dinous arrests, their terrors, misery, despair, and corn- MONDAY, MARCH 1, 1852
plete innocence of all participation in the insurrection.
The President was much impressed with the eloquent de- IN SEN 'ATE.
scription given by this woman of genius of the misfor- The fol ing memorials and petitions were presented
tunes of those simple country people whom she'has sketch- and referred to appropriate committees:
ed so happily in her novels. But he positively declined By Mr. SEWARD: From Daniel Palmer, in behalf of
to grant the amnesty which she solicited for them. He himself and soldiers who were disabled by loss of limbs in
seemed, however, to wish to convey the impression that the last warwith Great Britain, asking an increase of their
vast designs of beneficence were rolling in his head; for pensions, and comnplaininr of their insufficiency.
Also, from citizens of \i;. 1m.11. .a:r York, remonstra-
he said that she would be astonished at what he would do, ting against the extensi o,"..l' \% -..i,..,Lb's patent.
but gave no clue for arriving at his mysterious designs. Also, from James McGregor, jr., assignee of Anthony
It is now said in Paris that the Corps Ligislatif will be W. Jones, asking to have his patent antedated.
relieved altogether from the labor of considering the pub- By r. DODGE, of that isconsin: From the military tureofserva-
pir- 1 .-, ei-,i askini'that so mueh of 'the military reserva-
lic expenditure. There is to be no room whatever allow- tion at Fort Howard as is not required for the use of that
ed for impertinent and annoying inquiries respecting the post may b. .l;:l...1... of.
mode in which the public money is spent. The Senate By Mr. I'I';I.k \NNi: From citizens of Arkansas, asking
will ask for 240,000 a year to be voted as the civil list a grant of land to the Arkansas Valley Railroad Company,
for the President. Gen. LAcOasCeErEm has returned to for the construction of a railroad from Van Buren to Fort
foBrussels i n a very bad state of health. as retuned Smith, in that State.
mussels in a very bad state of health. Also, from citizens of Arkansas, asking the establish-
The election to the Corps Ldgislatif will take place on mnent of a mail route from Grand Glaize to Searcy, in that
the 29th instant. It is regarded as little better than a St t. -
solemn farce, for nobody doubts, should the new Legisla- By Mr. DOUGLAS: From citizens of the State of Penn-
solemn farce, for nobody doubts, should the new Legi sylvania, remonstrating against the extension of Wood-
ture be unpalatable to the President, that he would get worth's patent
rid of it in the same manner as he did the former one. By Mr. FISH: From citizens of the city and county of
The QUEEN or SPAIN is said to be rapidly recovering New York, r.'i,..it.t;,_ against the extension of Wood-
from her wound, which appears to have been more serious worth's patent.
than was at first imagined. There is not a word of news By Mr. DAVIS : From John Carroll, in behalf of sun-
dthan was at first imagined. There is not a word of news ry merchants residing in New York, Boston, Philadel-
from ITALY or further eastward. phia, and Baltimore, asking the return of duties paid un-
Information from Vienna leads to the conclusion that der the tariff of 1828, on goods which were ordered pre-
the strange alliance which, for a moment, seemed to exist vious to the adoption of the tariff, but did not arrive until
between Louis NAPOLEON and the absolutist Powers is ra- after it went into effect.
pidly drawing to a close. It is now well knownthat Rus- By M r. PRATT: From Hienry ay, administrator of
William A. Slacumi, asking the payment of his claims
sia did not carry her congratulations so far as Louis Na- against Mexico.
poleon wished the world to believe. The support of Prus- By Mr. BELL: Documents in support of the claim of
sin did not last beyond a few days, and the fears ofAus- W.'Read, for services in the Indian war of 1793.
trial are driving leer in a contrary direction to that in By Mr. DODGE, of Iowa: From Joseph A. Ketting, in
tria are driving her in a ontaryvor of land for the benefit of the town of Kanesville,
which they impelled her in the beginning of December. Iowa.
Austria asks herself, with alarm, how would Prussia act Also, from citizens of Iowa, asking a grant of land.to
if invited, with oa offer of increase of territory and power, the State for the construction of the Burlington and Mis-
to assist her against France. The Austrian army is to be sours river Railroad.
By Mr. JONES, of Iowa: Proceedings of a convention
increased by no less than 80,000 men. The state of affairs of delegates from fourteen counties in the State of Iowa,
in Italy causes a good deal of apprehension. .A',-ire t,.. held at Ottumwa, in favor of a donation of land for the
refused to allow the remains of the Duke de Reichstadt Burlington and Missouri river Railroad.
to be transferred to France. The Austrian press has By Mr. DAWSON: Resolutions of i h. L,.;:l.t.r. of
.., , T>- n j Georgia, in favor of this doctrines ofre i.,'jre.l',; e'l meon-
completely changed its tone. The Vienna Lloyd, how- Georgia, in favor of the doctrines of on.n-
ever, continues to defend the course of Louis Napoleon. By Mr. WADE: Resolutions of the Legislature of Ohio,
The scheme which the Prussian Government seems at in favor of the construction of a new canal round the falls
present to favor, as a substitute for the existing constitu- of the I..
tional form, is nothing more nor less than a return to the Petitions were presented from assistant marshals, ask-
which existed before l revolution-a com t ing an increase of compensation, by Messrs. BRIGHT,
system IwhichADE, and oHAMLIN.
undoing of all that had been done to place Prum ia ;, Li th.
list of constitutional Governments. It is an u.mm',eilnfi,.I REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES.
restoration of pure bureaucratic government, and is un- Mr. ATCHISON, from the Committee on Indian Affairs,
Reported a bill for the relief of the legal representatives of
equivocally declared to be such. The Cavalitr, or liberal Joshua Kenedy, deceased, accompanied by a report, which
party, opposes this retrogression, denouncing it as a poor was ordered to be printed.
copy of Louis Napoleon's treason against the liberties of Mr. FELCII, from the Committee on Public Lands,
a nation. This constitutional party has, it is true, leaders asked to be discharged from the further consideration of
of predomin talent in the Chambers, and the ablest of the resolutions passed at a meeting of citizens of Wayne
of predominant talent in the Chambers, county, Indiana, relating to a division of certain Indian
the Prussian newspapers for its organ, but it cannot cope territory, and that it be referred to the Committee on In-
with the immeasurably superior strength of the bureau- dian Affairs; which was agreed to.
cracy. The Government is aware of its power, and will Mr. HAMLIN, from the Committee on Commerce, asked
therefore propose the desired changes to the Chambers, to be discharged from the further consideration of the
Sn t c docufients relating to .ij. inhuman treatment of passen-
in the hope of abolishing the constitution in a perfectly gowgers in steam vessels to and from California, and from a
constitutional manner. Liberty of speech is not, how- communication of citizens of Brunswick, Maine, on the
ever, entirely banished from Germany. In a late sitting same subject; which was agreed to.
of the Second Chamber at Munich, M. VON LASSAUIX, in RESOLUTION SUBMITTED.
voting for the military estimates, said "he did so the Mr. ATCHISON submitted the following resolution
more readily because the States of Germany must be Rcsolred, That the Committee on Territories be instructed
'prepared for all eventualities, since the political power to inquire into the expediency of so amending the act to esta-
of France had been seized by a buccaneer.'" The blish the Territorial Government of Oregon as to authorize the
*Freanc ter hat beni s ed % fa l rnsr e legally qualified voters of said Territory to elect their governor
French Minister at Munich made a formal remonstrance and judges.
to the President of the Bavarian Ministry against this Mr. DAVIS said he held in his hands certain papers
offensive expression. The Bavarian Minister expressed which had been before the Committee on Commerce, ema-
his regret that such language should have been used; nating from the Treasury Department, in relation to the
had he heard it, 'he should have requested that the honor- bill providing for the safety of the passengers on board of
vessels propelled il whole or in part by steam. Hle de-
able deputy be called to order. The President of the sired to state, in addition, that the bill had been printed
Chamber also stated that he had not heard the word-a and laid on their tables this morning, and that, after a
declaration which the Chamber received with considerable convenient time had been allowed for a proper examina-
hilarity. M. Von Lassauix did not withdraw the ex- tion of the details of the same, he should ask the indul-
Swhich, when uttered, was received with gence of the Senate to take it up and consider it.
pression ; which, when uttered, was received with much mt.i n rnt wa a ieedn to.
the'bill, so that theHouse could consider it at once.
The motion to suspend was agreed to by yeas and nays:
Yeas 129, nays 44.
Mr. PHELPS then submitted his motion, and it was
The bill now being before the IHouse-
Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, moved to layit on the table;
which motion was negatived.
The bill was then read the third time.
Messrs. PIIELPS and VENABLE made a few remarks
in +explanation of the bill, when
Mr. MARSHALL, of Kentucky, moved to reconsider
the vote by which the bill was ordered to be read a third
time, and submitted remarks against the bill in its present
Messrs. HAVEN and DISNEY also made a few remarks,
the latter gentleman moving that the further considera-
tion of the bill be postponed until Monday. next; which
motion was agreed to.
ADJOURNMENT TO WEDNESDAY.
Mr. STANTON, of Tennessee, moved that when the
House adjourn to-day it adjourn to meet on Wednesday
next; which motion was agreed to: Yeas 87, nays 73,
SUPERINTENDENT OF INDIAN AFFAIRS.
Mr. JOHNSON, of Arkansas, asked the unanimous con-
sent of the House to report from the Committee on Indian
Affairs the bill of the Senate to provide for the appoint-
ment of a Superintendent of Indian Affairs in California.
Mr. KING, of New York, objected.
not think it would. The place for business was in the
c,.mmitte r..,rs, where five times more was performed
thin in d, e hLamber. Senators fearful of wasting a day
by adjournmentri could occupy the time of the body indis-
...-m..un upon subjects in which all interest and feeling
hif.l pna-.e The examination of this vessel would enable
Senators to judge of the perfection to which nautical skill
had attained, and he conceived the subject one of national
pride and national interest.
Mr. DOWNS would express no opinion as to the policy
he should pursue in relation to the subject, but would vote
aS ,ic,.ti the adjouruments because he considered it wasting
tI e time of the Senate.
Mr. JONES, of Iowa, suggested that the hour of meet-
ing to-morrow be at ten o'clock and the adjournment at
three, which would give Senators time to visit the steam-
ers ; but withdrew it.
Mr. MANGUM declared his readiness to vote for the
proposition! He considered this ship as one of the most
perfect models of naval architecture the world had ever
seen, and acknowledged the pride he felt as an American
citizen that it was of American origin.
The question was taken by yeas and nays, and decided
in the affirmative, as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Badger, Bayard, Bell, Bradbury, Clarke,
Dawson, Fish, Foot, Gwin, Hamlin, Jones of Tennessee, Mc-
Rae, Mangum, Miller, Norris, Seward, Smith, Spruance, Sum-
ner, Underwood, and Upham-21.
NAYS-Messrs. Atchison, Borland, Bright, Brodhead, Cass,
Chas*. l'..l.. ..-f Wisconsin, Dodge of Iowa, Downs, Felch,
Hunter, Jones of Iowa, Mallory, Morton, Pratt, Rhett, Rusk,
Wade, and Walker-19.
Mr. UNDERWOOD made an effort to take up the amend-
ments from the House to the bill making land warrants
assignable; but, Mr. JONES interposing with the Iowa land
bill, Mr. U. withdrew his motion, expressing the hope
that the next time he made an effort to get up the bill
he might meet with better success.
SPECIAL ORDER. .
On motion of Mr. JONES, of Iowa, the Senate then pro-
ceeded to the consideration of the Iowa land bill; when-
Mr. DAWSON rose and addressed the Senate at great
length against the bill.
Mr. UNDERWOOD admitted that the remarks of the
Senator from Georgia (Mr. DAWSON) had had their influ-
ence upon his mind, and he hoped the Senate would ad-
journ without taking the vote.
Mr. DODGE, of Iowa, said he had some remarks to of-
fer on the subject, but gave way for a motion to adjourn.
And the Senate-adjourned to Wednesday.
HOUSE OF -REPRESENTATIVES.
The Journal of Friday having been read-
Mr. FITCH obtained the floor, and desired to offer a
Mr. JOHNSON, of Arkansas, requested the gentleman
from Indiana to yield the floor, so as to allow him to re-
port back from tihe Committee on Indian Affairs, in ac-
cordance with the instructions of the committee, the bill
of the Senate for the appointment of a Superintendent of
Indian Affairs for California. He wished the bill now to
be considered, as it was a matter of urgent public ne-
Mr. FITCH said that he would yield the floor with
pleasure for the introduction of the bill, but he knew that
it would give rise to discussion.
Mr. JOHNSON said that the bill would live or die at
once, for he should unquestionably call the previous
Mr. FITCH said thatby yielding the floorhemiglihtbecome
so entangled as not to be able to obtain it again. He would
therefore decline to accede to the request of the gentle-
man from Arkansas, and would submit the following reso-
lution. As he could not hope, from its purport, to secure
universal consent, lie would move a suspension of the rules
to enable him to introduce it:
JReotled, That we recognize the binding efficacy of the com-
promises of the constitution, and believe it to be the intention
of the people generally, as we hereby declare it to be ours in-
dividually, to abide such compromises, and to sustain the
laws nccsary to carry them out-the 1provlsion for the deli-
very of fugitive slaves included-and that we deprecate all
further agitation of questions growing out of that provision,
of the questions embraced in the acts of the last Congress
known its the compromise, and of questions generally connect-
ed with the institution of slavery, as unnecessary, useless,
Mr. GOODENOW moved to lay the resolution on the
The SPEAKER stated that such a motion was not in
order, the question being on the motion to suspend the
Mr. GOODENOW demanded the yeas and nays on the
motion to suspend ; which were ordered.
Mr. CABLE, of Ohio, desired to know if the Mormon
church was included as one of the measures of the com-
The SPEAKER stated that all debate was out of order.
Mr. STEVENS, of Pennsylvania, wished to know if it
was in order to ask thie gentleman from Indiana so to mo-
dify his resolution as to say that we deprecate all agita-
tion except 1h/s? [Laughter.]
Mr. STANLY moved that there be a call of the IHouse;
which motion was agreed to.
The roll was thereupon called for the purpose of ascer-
taining the absent members, when one hundred and ninety
members responded to their names.
The names of the absentees were then called, for the
purpose of receiving excuses for their non-attendance,
when excuses were offered for the following gentlemen,
and they w v, .: .- .. 1,-,- 1. ,-. ,, -.1
Messrs. All.n. .,1' '%1 ,-. h,. l- Bibighaus, Bocock,
Bri'oh Brown, of New Jersey, Buell, Burt, Caldwell,
'l...-l .I, Colcock, Cullum, Darby, Diminick, Floyd,
Goodrich, Hamilton, Hillyer, IHollady, Houston, Thomas
M. Howe, Hunter, Mann, Marshall, of Kentucky, Martin,
SMillson, Miner, Robinson, Russell, Scudder, Scurry, Ste-
vens, of New York, Sweetser, Toombs, Tuck, and Walsh.
For the absence of the following gentlemen no excuses
Messrs. Babcock, Bowie, Cottman, Dunham, Gilmore,
Ives, Marshall, of California, and Riddle.
All further proceedings under the call were then dis-
And the question recurring on the motion to suspend
the rules, it was put and decided in the negative by the
following vote-two-thirds not voting therefore:
YEAS-Messrs. Abercrombie, Willis Allen, John Appleton,
William Appleton, Ashe, Averett, David J. Bailey, Thomas
II. Bayly, Beale, Bissell, Brk'rKid,.e. P ;.,..; ', .)ks, A.
G. Brown, Burrows, Busby, L.I.. I 1. I..11 1, .. -., Chias-
tain, Churehwell, Clark, Cobb, Curtis, John G. Davis, Daw-
son, Disney, Dockery, Edmnndson, Evans, Ewing, Faulkner,
Ficklin, Fitch, Florence, Freeman, Henry M. Fuller, Thomas
J. D. Fuller, Gamble, Gentry, .:;i.i;... :;..i..re, Gorman,
Grey, Hall, Hammond, Isham G. 1 ,.:, "..ur W. Harris,
Hart, Haws, Hlaven, HIendricks, iHenn, Hlibbard, Howard,
John W. Howe, Ii..,. il Jackson, Andrew Johnson, James
Johnson, Robort \\. Juemson, George W. Jones, J. Glancy
Jones, Kuhns, Kurtz, Landry, Letcher, Lockhart, Mace, Hum-
phrey Marshall, Mason, McCorkle, McDonald, McLanahan,
McMullen, McNier, Meade, Miller, John Moore, Morehead,
Morrison, Murphy, Nabers, Olds, Outlaw, Andrew Parker,
Samuel W. Parker, Peaslae, Penn, Phelps, Polk, Porter, Pow-
ell, Richardson, Robbins, Savage, Schermerhorn, Scurry, Ori-
gen S. Seymour, Skelton, Smith, Stanly, Frederick P. Stanton,
Richard H. Stanton, Alexander It. Stephens, Stone, St. Mar-
tin, Strother, Stuart, Sutherland, Taylor, Benjamin Thomp-
eon, Geo. W. Thompson, Venable, Ward, Watkins, Addison
White, Alexander White, Wilcox, Williams-119.
NAYS-Messrs. Aiken, Allison, Andrews, Babcock, Bar-
rere, Bartlett, Bell, Bennett, Bowne, Boyd, Brenton, Joseph
CableL. D. Campbell, Thompson Campbell, Cartter, Chand-
ler, Chapman, i ,,..,11 ,n. .."er, Daniel, George T. Davis,
Dean, Doty, '*1.. 1. ',-k ., Eastman, Edgerton, Fowler,
Gaylord; Goodenow, Green, Grow, Harper, Hascall, ltebard,
Horsford, T. Y. How, jr., Jenkins, John Johnson, Daniel T.
Jones, Georgo G. King, Preston King, McQueen, Meacham,
Melony, Henry D. Moore, Murray, Newton, Orr, Penniman,
Perkins, Price, Rantoul," Robic, Ross, Sackett, Schooleraft,
Schoonmaker, David L. Seymour, Smart, Snow, Bcnj. Stanton,
Thaddeus Stevens, Stratton, Ti .... I...T .>t..1,.. r.]. Walbridge,
Wallace, Washburn, Welch, \',-II is ,l5m.. I.: Woodward,
CASE OF COL. MITCHELL.
Mr. PhELPS said that some days since he submitted a
motion to reconsider the vote by which was committed to
the Committee of the Whole the bill of the Senate for the
relief of Lieut. Col. David D. Mitehell, of Missouri. He
now withdrew that motion, and moved to suspend thIe
rules to enable him to submit a motion to discharge the
Committee of the Whole from the further consideration of
76 74 3 15 6 30 27 75 5 77 46 45 21 25.
GREGORY & MAURY, Managers,
Successors to J. W. MAURY & Co.
Oil Tuesday, Marchl 2,1852.
KENTUCKY LOTTERY, Class No. 50, draws.
66 Number Lottery, 10 drawn.
$11,111! 5 of $1,111 are $5,555!
1 prize of...........$22,222 5 prize of ........ $1,111
1 do............ 11,111 5 do ............... 444
1 do................ 7,707 10 do ............... 222
1 do...... ...... 3,3331 96 do ............... 111I
: &c. &c. &c.
Tickets $5-Halves $2.50-Quarters $1.25.
On iaturdj March 0,185%.
SE N r i C K L I.T E R Y, CASS 54, draws.
$ ,,iliii-'l'hiirtv ,. l' 1,500 are $45,000;
78 numbers'and 13 drawn ballots,
1 prize of..............$35,000 1 prize of..........$2,389
1 do.................. 15,000 30 do.. ......... .......;.1,500
1 do................. 15,000 50 do ...................... 500
1 do................... 7,500 100 do............ 750 0 d ............. 300
1 do................... 7,500 &e. &c. &c.
Tickets jIlu-Halers $M--Qu ,.ri 1.2 il.
For sale by E E. O'BRIEN, Agernt.
mar 1 Suecaiur to J. .t C. Matrny, Alexandria, VaW
Mr. JOHNSON moved to suspend the rules to enable
him to report the bill.
The'motion to suspend was agreed to; when
Mr.'JOHNSON reported the bill, with an amendment
limiting the compensation of the superintendent within
four thousand dollars, instead of five thousand, as pro-
vided in the bill.
The amendment was agreed to, and the bill was read
the third time and passed, under the operation of the
WORK ON THE CAPITOL AND LIBRARY.
Mr. STANTON, of Kentucky, by unanimous consent,
submitted the following resolution:
Resolved, That the joint resolution of the Senate authorizing
a continuance of the work on the two Wings of the Capitol,
and the bill f..-w the i, nt taking an .Ipl.-r.:ipiait;.r f.,r ithe
repair of'the .'.r.n:rr-m..-..r, i Library room. I,t maol.. ihx .rei.ul
order, and in th" c. rdj.'r i,,n.-l, fd thde'10th instant, and con-
tinue so from day to day until disposed of.
Mr. STANLY suggested that the resolution be, st modi-
fied as to make the bill for the extension of the Capitol
the special order, and he thought there could be no .:.ic-c-
tion to the immediate passage of the bill for the repair of
the Library room, for it was a bill in which every member
of the House was concerned.
Mr. STANTON, of Ohio, objected.
The resolution was then agreed to.
CORRE'CTION OF THE JOURNAL.
On moti..' ..i Mir RA.N I''U L, the Journalwas corrected
so as to place the name of Mr. OLEVELAND in the affirma-
tive instead of the negative on the m,.ti.,n t.) lay the bounty
land bill on the table.
Mr. DAVIS, of Indiana, by unanimous consent, in pur-
suance of previous notice, introduced abill granting the right
of way and making a grant of land to the States of Indiana
and Illinois in aid of the construction of arailroadfrom Terre
Haute to Springfield, and a branch thereof; which was
read twice and referred to the Committee on Public
Mr. THOMPSON, of Virginia, by unanimous consent,
1.r..-:nt. ..l ,,-e...ial of certain members of the Legisla-
I.1,- ..4' I'.rnn -y1.,i, declaring that the bridge across the
Ohio river at Wheeling is not such an obstruction to the
navigation of that river as to require its elevation to a
greater height, or its abatement as a nuisance, and praying
for such protection as Congress can give it; also, the
official consent of the Wheeling and Belmont Bridge Com-
pany that Congress may declare the bridges belonging to
said company across the Ohio river military roads for the
transit use of the United States in time of war or insur-
rection; also, the petition of nine hundred o,'.i.:n; f
Ohio county, Virginia, asking Congress to .lhie.r, i,-
bridges of the county post routes; which were referred
to the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads.
Mr. STANTON, of Ohio, asked the unanimous consent.
of the House tolintroduce a bill in pursuance of previous
1, i..o was made; and the House adjourned.
ESII)ENT GOVERNESS.-A highly-educated Lady,
of experience and ability in tuition, is desirous of a first-
class engagement. With the usual branches of a solid and
polite education, the advertiser teaches French, Music, Sing-
ing, and DIrawing. She is proficient in the above accomplish-
ments, and can furnish most satisfactory references: An emo-
lument of from $5t00 to $600 for scholastic year will be expect-
ed. Address F. L. CALimS, Burlington, New Jersey.
mar 2-d&cif 3t
OTICE OF DISSOLUTION OF PARTNER-
ship.-The partnership and business heretofore conduct-
ed under the firm of Ailier & Thyson is this day dissolved by
mutual consent. The affairs and demands of and against said
firm will be settled by Paulus Thyson. G. AILIER.
mar 2-3taw2w P. THYSON.
I I!I (. A NI) [.L_4iIEil Bo Iiri 1U o,--i-.p
Stol Hill.-Members of Congress and others, with or with-
out their families, who may wish to change their winter accom-
modations for those more suitable to the coming season, are
invited to inquire at Mr. WHEATLEY'S Shoe Store, Capitol
Hill. mar 2-eo3t
CARCE.-One Set American Almanac, complete
from its commencement in 1830, eighteen years; .bound
in 9 volumes. t
One set British Almanac and Companion, complete from
its commencement in 1828, twenty-two years; bound in 11
One set of the Censuses of the United States, 1790, 1800,
1810, 1820, 1830, and 1840, bound in 2 volumes folio.
One set of the reprinted Journal of the House of Representa-
tives, from 1789 to 1815, complete in 9 volumes.
One set of the Boston copy of American State Papers, 10
One set of the European State Papers, growing out of the
wars of the French Revolution; published in 1794 and follow-
ing years as they occurred, and embracing treaties, conven-
tions, proclamations, manifestoes, official letters, parliamentary
papers, &c. &c., 11 volumes.
One set Anti-Jacobin Review, published in 1798 and follow-
ing years, and edited, for the most part, by George Canning;
mar 2 FRANCK TAYLOR.
EV. ORVILLE DEWEY'S LECTURE, "The
Laws of Human Progress and Modern Reforms," lately
delivered before the Mercantile Library Association of the
city of New York. To be had (in pamphlet) at
TAYLOR & MAURY'S
mar 2 Bookstore, near Ninth street.
COUNTRY SEAT 'FOR SALE, situate north ol
S Georgetown, about three miles from Washington, and
near the Tenallytown road. On the premises, containing 125
acres, are a double two-story and attic Dwelling-house, with
a wing, suitable (-ni i..;1 ;.:.. large orchard of apple, peach,
and other choice h,.ti ... *, il grafted and of the finest va-
rieties, and a number of springs, which in the dryest seasons
supply pure water to each of the five divisions of the farm.
About 100 acres, including 18 acres of rich bottom land, are
under cultivation; the remainder is in woodland. For half a
mile along Rock Creek there is a very large accumulation of
creek dcposites, which are very valuable as a manure. The
house anit grounds are shaded by large and fine trees, and
command an extensive and beautiful view of Washington, Al-
exandria, the Potomac river, and the intervening country.
The whole farm will be sold, or portions to suit purchasers.
There are several sites for buildings, which combine health,
pure water, beauty of prospect, and easy access t... '.,r.'
ton or Georgetown. For terms apply to JOHN Ii.',1 -., E;l ,
Irving Hotel, Washington, or to the owner on the premises.
Between New York and Glasgow.
THE ,1i *,...- and New York Steamship Com-
pany's powerful new steamshipGLASGOW,l,962
tons, and 400 horse power, N. STEWART (late
of the Cunard steamers) commander, is appointed to sail from
New York, direct for Glasgow, on TUESODAY, the 9th of March
next, at 12 o'clock noon.
First cabin, (steward's fee included)..................$90
Second cabin......do......... do.......................... 55
No steerage passengers taken.
These rates include provisions, but not wines or liquors,
which will be supplied on board at moderate prices.
Freight of specie i per cent. Carries a surgeon. For fre
iglit or passage apply to
feb 21-7tif 33 Broadway, New York.
1 I4t'--E %NI) LOTS FOR SALE.-The Cottage
Honse on the southeast corner of 1st street east, and C
street, Captitol Hill, with two lots containing 10,234 feet, and
suitable outbuildings. The house contains eight rooms, an
excellent basement and attic, all in ;h..i..],.S repair, having
been fitted up by the present resident 1.tl TI i nthe mosteom-
plete manner. On the premises is a large water-tank, with
pump and smoke-rooms overhead. There is also a corn-house.
Title perfect. For particulars apply to Mrs MITCHEL, a.n
the premises, or to R. H. CLARKE, Esq., at li *.fi. ..rincr
of 6th street and Louisiana avenue, feb 25-eeif
Orphans' Court, February 28, 1852.
ilL. t', .'. County, District of Colnumbia, to ivt:
S 11 .... see of James W. Sheahan, executor of Patrick
Mc~iarvey, deceased. The executor aforesaid has, with the
approbation of the Orphans' Court of Washington county, ap-
pointed Tuesday, the 23d of March next, for the settlement and
distribution of the estate of said deceased, of the assets in his
hands, so far as the same has been collected and turned into
,..rr, when and where all the creditors of said deceased are
,.ii,. to attend, with their claims properly vouched; or
they may otherwise be excluded from all benefit of said es-
tate : provided a copy of this order be published once a week
for three weeks previous to said 23d day of March next.
Test: ED. N. ROACH, Register of Wills.
DRAWN NUMBERS OF THE KENTUCKY
Lottery, Class C, drawn February 28, 1852.
A Belgian loan of nine millions of francs has been ad-
vertised at Brussels. The Government has received ap-
plications for seventeen millions. The number of appli-
cants was 311, of whom 204 were residents of Brussels.
This speaks well, not only for the confidence reposed in
the Belgian Government, but also for the moneyed capa-
bilities of the citizens of Brussels.
The export of corn'is not only forbid in Russia, but a
maximum price is fixed, above which it must not be sold
at home. In all the Polish towns the price of rye has
been fixed by beat of drum. Whoever demands a higher
price is liable to have his corn confiscated.
There is a report of a treaty between Austria and France
fixing the events which shall cause the occupation of
Switzerland by those two Powers. The Prussian Gov-
ernment thinks such a treaty ought not to have been
made without its consent.
The East India Company will shortly be before Parlia-
ment asking for a renewal of its charter, and the financial
condition of the company is receiving much public con-
sideration. It is ascertained that during the last thirty-
five years there was a surplus revenue in seven years, and
a deficit in twenty-eight-the deficit exceeding the sur-'
plus 11,116,253. In 1839 the debt was 32,269,17;
the revenue 14,542,615. In 1849 the debt was 48,124,-
119; the revenue 18,227,065. So that, during the last
ten years the debt has increased more than four times as
fast as the revenue.
FEBRUARY 13.-The Parliamentary proceedings of yes-
terday.were uninteresting. An inquiry was made respect-
ing the shameful description of the preserved meats fur-
nished, by contract, to the Admiralty; in the course of
which Mr. MACOREGOR observed that there was no navy
better victualled than the British, excepting, perhaps,
that of the United States, which was always supplied
with full rations independently of these preserved meats."
It is truly gratifying to learn that the provisions furnieh-
ed to Sir John Franklin were of the very best quality.
Mr. LAYARD, well known for his discoveries at Nineveh,
has been appointed Under Secretary of State for Foreign
Affairs. The farce of the approaching election to the
Cops Legislatif in France is developing. M. PErIsoGNY
has addressed a circular to the prefects, ordering them to
proclaim by placards in every district the candidates pro-
posed by the President, and to warn the electors against
those whose well-known tendencies are not in .he ,p;rit
of the new institutions! The French press may be said
to be annihilated by the new regulations; the caution
money to be deposited by each paper is to be 100,000
francs, the maximum fine 25,000 francs; the paper to
be suppressed after the third condemnation. A new Mi-
nisterial crisis is spoken of; the difference in the Cabinet
MADRID, FEBRUARY 4, 1852.
Messrs. GAMs & SEkAToN: A priest, sixty-three years
ofage, has struck at 'the Queen ..f Spain with a dagger.
On the' 2d of February, forty days being accomplished
since the birth of, the infant, all Madrid was dressed in
gala. [ iki. h hangings of silk and velvet, and embroidery
.*f Ijrlliaiijt c.oors, decorated the streets. Ten thousand
soldier; guirde.-. the course of the expected procession,
hiad.] ihe whole people, in holyday attire, were waiting to
weln,... ihe first appearance of their beloved Queen with
her new-born child, going, accompanied by all that is
great and honored in Spain, and surrounded by the most
splendid paie,,unirv of the Court, to assist, according to
the custom of her ancestors, at the solemn Te Deum said
in the church of the Atocha for her happy delivery and
the birth of the heiress I., th, throne. The Queen, having
performed a preliminary act of devotion, was coming out
of the chapel of her palace attended by the whole Royal
farii;. 'mi.l by the Grandees and Ministers of the Crown.
ir i ,i- gr-iLt gallery or corridor, which surrounds the in-
terior court of the palace many people had been admitted
for the occasion, and the place was full, except the space
kept open for the passage of the Royal party by a con-
siderable. body of the Halberdiers. Among this crowd
was the scoundrel priest, Don Martin Merino, who, as the
Queen approached, at the very door of the chapel, threw
himself on his knees before her as if to present some pe-
tition, and, unsheathing a small dagger underneath his
broad priest's hat, drove it into her side before any one
could see or arrest the 'movement.
Happily for Spain, the Queen was heavily dressed in
robes of State; and, as by an instinctive movement she
threw her arm between, the length of the weapon was
shortened by the thickness of the arm, which was slightly
wounded, whilst the force of the blow was partially spent
by traversing a mass of gold embroidery, and also a piece
of whalebone in her corset, which was cut entirely in two.
The dagger, therefore, only penetrated her side a little
more than an inch, between the lower rib and the hip, cut-
ting through into the cavity of the abdomen, but not pro-
ducing a very dangerous wound. An inch, or perhaps a
half inch more, and Spain would have suffered the greatest
political calamity that imagination can conceive for her.
The Queen uttered a cry of pain and felIr back into the
arms of her attendants, one of whom was quick enough to
seize the arm of the assassin before the second blow could
be given. The consternation was terrible, but the Halber-
diers pushing right and left surrounded her Majesty,
whilst she was borne or supported to #er bed-chamber,
where she fainted.
The assassin owed his life for the instant to the crowd
which precipitated itself upon him. Some gentlemen drew
their swords, but no weapon could be used, and a hercu-
lean Halberdier seizing him by the collar bore him to their
guard-room. He was the only tranquil man in Madrid
that afternoon. Half an hour after, whilst tears rolled off
the furrowed cheeks of Dignitaries of State, and Generals
and Grandees of the highest class, and every face in the
palace wore a look of horror and grief, the assassin sat
calmly where he had been placed, or returned the gaze of
such as were permitted to see him with a defiant and half
triumphant look. When I first saw him he was still in
the belief that he had killed the Queen, and said that he
had achieved a great good forhumanity.
SIf an earthquake had suddenly Aaken the city to its foun-
dations, the effect in Madrid could not have been greater.
*The first intimation of an interruption in the festivities
came from the movement of the troops, who, from being
displayed in long single ranks for nearly two miles, sud-
denly wheeled into column and moved towards the palace,
taking up military positions from that point to the Prado,
where they remained the rest of the day. But there was
no occasion for their services. The hearty loyalty of the
Spaniards is a thing most undoubtable, and never was it
manifested more clearly than on this occasion. Not a
man, perhaps not a woman, of all the masses which filled
the streets in expectation of the spectacle which had been
prepared, but would have instantly thrown his own body
before the dagger to shield the life of the Queen. The
people of all classes ran horror-stricken towards the
palace; and whilst all whose position gave them the privi
lege entered and filled its ample precincts, waiting with
anxiety the frequent reports from the bed-chamber of the
Queen, the people in dense masses crowded the great
square in front with demonstrations of the most affection-
ate interest; and, though fear for the Queen's life was
soon quieted, would not leave till late into the night.
It is remarkable that no lack of confidence in any class of
her subjects seems to have been produced upon theQueen
or her Government by this event, even at the moment of
its occurrence. The palace gates were not closed, and
even the usual etiquette was in a great measure waived;
so that all who had any pretensions might freely enter,
even to the ante-chamber of the Queen.
The assassin could not have been removed from the
palace without suffering instant death. The excitement
of the people against him was terrible. And even when
at 9 o'clock at night he was removed to prison under a
strong guard of cavalry, in a close vehicle, he only es-
caped by the celerity of the movements of his guard.
Since then he has been entirely secluded.
The face of this man is villanous; great bones, little
flesh, small bright eyes, hard, impassible, and cruel. My
first impression, upon seeing him so calm and insolent in
the midst of the excitement he had caused, was, that itwas
the face of a Spanish inquisitor of the time of Philip II.
But this priest struck in the holy name of LIBERTY! and
has sacrificed himself, and would have sacrificed this
young, generous-hearted Queen and mother, bringing
upon Spain' unheard-of calamity, as he says, "for the good
Fanaticism is the same in all ages. His is the face of
a fanatic; but there 'is no passion in it, or rather no
warmth. It is the cold, determined, fearful expression
which stiffens over the human features only when the
deepest and most hellish passions have already corroded
the whole heart of the man, and eaten up the blood within
him. Such a masican do in broad day, boldly and pitilessly,
what a lesser scoundrel must sneak tremblingly in the
dark to accomplish.
The Queen's first exclamation was for her child, which
an officer seized and held at arm's length above the heads
of the crowd in safety; and, upon recovering from her
fit of insensibility, the first words the Queen uttered were
to command that the assassin should not be killed ; that
she would pardon him. Of this impulse of noble generosi-
ty there is no doubt; but it is probable the Queen's Min-
isters will convince her of its inopportuneness. The man
is perfectly sane, and glorying in his crime. He must
die. The indignation of the people, the army, the whole
nation claims this, and I doubt whether the Government
would be strong enough to preserve his life, if it wished.
The Queen's commands would be respected-yes, and
obeyed; but a popular outbreak or some quieter accident
would soon overtake him.
If you ask for the political signification of this event, I
would answer that I do not believe it has any.
Martin Merino, an ex-monk of the Order of St. Francis,
took arms against the French in 1808 ; returned to his
convent in 1814; was engaged in the events of the 7th
July, 1822, on the side of the Liberals; at which time he
is said to hWve presented a pistol at Ferdinand VII. with
his right hand, whilst he held out a copy of a constitu-
tion with his left. He was arrested in 1823, pardoned
in 1824, when he went to France, where he remained se-
venteen years. At the end of that time he returned to
Madrid full of socialism and of late against all govern-
ment and governors, which moody disposition has increas-
ed with his increasing years. He is a man of considera-
ble learning; is not needy; seventy ounces of gold hav-
ing been found in his house, and he had twice officiated
as 'a clergyman in the church of San Justo, taking the
sacrament on the morning of his crime with the dagger
concealed in his robes.
I believe that in Spain he is an isolated man. He may
perhaps be affiliated to some of those secret societies off-
spring of the detestable French socialism, and whose rami-
fications have certainly been extended Into Spain. But
these have never taken root here politically.
The loyalty of the Spaniard t loo hearty and sincere,
and Itheir pnt'ri;ti[m Itou sturdy, t,),e'ti'd6ifimired 'kby that
poison; and these -:.:ieiees in the. Peninsula are no more
than associaiti..i,. of a few of the vilest, troublesome per-
haps hereaas, elsewhere from the stimula. they afford to
the enemies of society who compose them, and the re-o
sources they unite for the perpetriti.:.n or the conceal-
ment of crime, but having in Spain absolutely no politi-
cal power or consequence whatever.
tf the Queen had died on Monday last, we should have
immediately seen a contest for the long regency; we
should have seen this contest renewed perhaps from year
to year; we should have seen the Count of Montemolin
in the field, and the struggle with the old partisans of
Don Carlos renewed ;' we should have seen Spain drench-
ed in the blood of civil strife to which no man could pre-
dict the end; and yet neither the Count of Montemolin,
nor any one of the probable claimants of the regency,
would have had any thing at all to do with the act of
Martin Merino, the moody socialist priest.
The Republic in Spain is a dream too Utopian to enter
into the heads of any men capable of conducting the Go-
vernment-of this people for a week; and a republican is
here what a monarchist would be-if you can imagine
such a curiosity-in the United States.
FEBRUARY 5.-The Queen is doing well; no unfavorable
symptoms have shown themselves, and she may be consi-
dered out of danger.
The assassin is condemned to death by the garrote, and
will be executed at a little past one o'clock P. M. of the
7th instant, being the hour when his crime was commit-
ted. He has just undergone degradation from the office
of priest, which impressive ceremony, with the appalling
anathemas of the church, hlie suffered with the most im-
passible indifference. Having been delivered over entire-
ly to the secular power, his sentence was read to him,
and he was placed in the chapel of the prison attended
by priests, where he will remain to-morrow, only leaving
it for the scaffold. He continues in his brutal cynicism,
and asks as an only favor that he may not be pardoned.
Very respectfully, gentlemen, your obedient servant.
Washington, 1 ', ......-27, 1852.
SIR: I have received the abstract log of the ship
"George Brown," of Baltimore, (Asa Higgins,) bound
from San Francisco to Calcutta, from which I extract and
send you, for the information of persons navigating the
Java seas, the account of the total loss of that ship on an
unknown reef of rocks not far from Tiger Island."
"FRIDAY, AUGUST 15, 1851.
"Lat. at noon 6 44' S., long. 121 30' E.; wind S.E.,
moderate. At 71i. 30 min. (P. M.) struck on a reef of
rocks lying S.E. from i,-er l. 1411.' about 15 miles from
the island. The islands were just in sight from deck.
The next day tie rocks went through her bottom, and she
filled with water. By the mean of several observations
taken the preceding day, the shoal is in lat. 6 44' S.,
long. 121 E. It had about 10 feet water on it. We left
the wreck in our boats on the 17th, and landed on the
island of Salayer,' after a seven day's passage."
Respectfully, &c. M. F. MAURY,
Lieut. U. S. N.
Hon. Wa,. A. GRAHAM,
Secretary of the Navy.
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES.
MONDAY, MARCHu 1, 1852.
JOHN ROMEYN BRODHEAD, DANIEL E. SICKLES, and WM.
WARBURTON SCRUGHAM, Esqs., of New York, ALBERT
ANGELO NUNES, Esq., of Florida, A. M. MITCHELL, Esq.,
of Ohio, and GEo. L. BECKER, Esq., of Minnesota, were
admitted Attorneys and Counsellors of this Court.
No. 192. Duncan Linton et al. vs. Frederick Stanton.
Error to the Circuit Court of the United States for the
Eastern District of Louisiana. Mr. Chief Justice TANEY
delivered time opinion of the Court, dismissing this case
for the want of jurisdiction.
No. 98. Myra Clark Gaines vs. Richard Relf et al. Ap-
peal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the
Eastern District of Louisiana. Mr. Justice CATRON de-
livered the opinion of the Court, affirming the judgment
of the said Circuit Court in this cause with costs.
Adjourned until to-mniorrow at 11 o'clock.
TALLOW ON A PIMPLE.-Last week, at Hull, a young
man named William Heich, having a pimple on his face that
was rather sore, put some tallow on it one night previous
to going to bed; mortification ensued, which ended in Ihis
death, although the affected part was cut away. The
candlestick was a brass one, and a quantity of verdigris
had formed on the top of it, but whether mortification re-
sulted from that or from the tallow purely can hardly be
said; but this painful incident should act as another
caution against the practice of applying candle-tallow to
sores. We have heard of two or three instances lately
where injurious consequences have followed such a use of
tallow, anmid it is well the public should know that some
chandlers are in the habit of mixing 'arsenic in their tal-
low to improve the appearance of their candles.
ORANGE TREES IN FLORIDA.-The St. Augustine Ancient
City says the orange trees in East Florida have been but
slightly injured by the recent cold weather. It is inclined
to think that it will turn out to be a positive benefit by
the destruction of the orange insect, which has so long
AN EPIDEnmic.-We understand that Pneumonia has as-
sumed the character of an epidemic in Essex county. In
the course of two weeks no less than twenty persons died
from its visitation, whilst, of course, a large number were
attacked who recovered.--Fredericksburg herald.
FIRE IN THE INDIANA PENITENTIARY.-It is reported by
telegraph that the State Penitentiary at Jeffersonville, In-
diana, was partly destroyed by fire on the evening of the
27th instant. The flames are supposed to have originated
in a workshop. The prisoners' cells were uninjured.
MELANCnOLY FATE--The Jamestown Journal has an
account of the death of Miss Artemisia Eames, a young
lady formerly of Carroll, Chau. county, and at the time
of the fatal occurrence teacher of a school in Ohio. In
crossing a stream on horseback in the evening, her horse
took fright, and she was thrown and carried under thie
ice. Her body was not recovered up to thie 5th instant.
NEw BRICK-MAKING MACmINE.-The Woodstock (Va.)
Tenth Legion says that Mr. Lorenzo Sibert, of that place,
has invented a machine that will turn out from 50,000 to
100,000 bricks per day. It is said to be very simple, and
can be worked by any amount of horse-power.
RAILROAD ACCImENT.-Til.. mu'.., Hartford, February
27.-Mr. L[xus COE, late :lhr' ml ..f Middlesex county,
was killed this noon by the upward train of cars at the
Newington Crossing, a few miles south of Hartford.
A T PRIVATE SALE, a Cap and Fur Store in Washing-
ton, on Pennsylvania avenue, that has been doing a fair
business, and so like to do. The owner having another store
elsewhere, and finding it too inconvenient to attend to both
stores with his present help, therefore would sell out on moder-
ate terms. The rent of the store is considered very low. Ap-
ply at the store for terms of stock and cases, &c., between
10th and llth streets, mar 2-eo3t
D ISSOL2'I ll)N )1- PA.HI'-Ii llII '.-ll. I.,h-
nership heretofore existing under the firm of "Haven-
ner & Brother" was this day dissolved by mutual consent.
The liabilities of the firm will be settled by T. It. liavenner,
and all persons indebted to the concern will make payment to
him. TIIO. II. HAVENNER,
March 1, 1852. CIIAS. W. JIAVENNER.
The Cracker Bakery will be conducted hereafter by The. H.
Havenner, and the Loaf Bread and Confeetionary by The. Ha-
venner. mar 2-3t
J OHN H. BUTHMANN, Pennsylvania avenue,
south side, between 44 and 6th streets, has received, by
schoone, Wi.li. i'-T., ,nd other arrivals-
50 ',,,- .i M... 1 Verzernay Champagne
25 do P. A. Mumm's Verzenay do
25 do leidsick i Co.'s
Also, extra superior Cognac Brandy, London Brown Stout,
in pints, and fine lHavana Cigars, Columbia brand."
mar 2-3tif (Union, Republic, News, and Telegraph.)
MACOMBER'S STRAW-CUTTER, PATENTED
November 5, 1850.-The subscriber would particu-
larly call the attention of the public to this invaluable machine,
as he conceives it to be an article of much interest to those
studying the great utility of inventions, and who desire to see
labor-saving machines perform what they purport to do. It is
a simple and uncomplicated article, and above all strong and
durable. It is useful for cutting hay, straw, fodder stalks, &e. ;
cuts from one-and-a-half to two bushels per minute; and is
preferable in many points to all other machines for the same
purpose. Farmers and others having use for an article of the
kind should not be without one. Call and see them.
Numerous references can be given where they have been
successfully tried, and the list is multiplying daily.
As he is the only one selling'them in the Distriet, those or-
dering will bear this in mind. A liberal discount made at
wholesale, and all orders attended to promptly.
S. J. RADCLIFF,
Agricultural Warehouse, 9th st., opposite west end
feb 20-eoifdtf Centre Market.
S CHOOL BOOKS of every description, for sale by R.
FARNHAM,Peamn.-a&veate, corner of llth street.
I I I I
Liberty and Union, nowand forever, one and
TUESDAY, MARCH 2,1852.
From a Correspondent at Madrid we have receiv-
ed an account, which appears in our columns -.,-1.,.,
of the late horrible attempt upon the life of i.
Queen of Spain. It is entitled t,, attention from
its ,utl.--uticiiN' We are not at lil,-rty to publish
the name of the writer of it. But we think it pro-
per to state that lie is an American of character and
standing, who has-as may indeed be inferred from
the Letter itself-the best possible means of know-
ing the circumstances, and whose statements may
be relied upon.
The rumor of rebellion in the Territory of Utah,
we observe, comes by way of Oregon. There can
be little doubt that the .report originated in the
events which caused the Judges and Secretary of
the Territory of Utah to relinquish their offices and
return to the States.
STATE WHIG CONVENTION OF KENTUCKY.-The
Frankfort Conmmnonwealth contains a full report of
the proceedings of the Whig State Convention which
met at Frankfort on Tuesday of last week. Hon.
CHILTON ALLAN presided over its deliberations, as-
sisted by numerous Vice Presidents and Secretaries.
Besides adopting the series of resolutions of which a
summary was published in our paper of Thursday,
the Convention appointed Delegates to the Whig
National Convention, as follows :
For the Slate at Large.-Gen. Leslie Combs, Hon. Joshua
F. Bell, Col. John S. Williams, and Hon. Philip Triplett.
First District.-L. M. Flournoy, A. F. Henry, Dr. Jno.
M. Johnson, W. P. Fowler, and Samuel Woodson.
Second District.-John A. McLarning, G. W. Triplett,
J. T. Bunch, David R. Murray, and John C. Walker.
Third District.-D. King, L. P. Bransford, W. V. Lov-
ing, R. D. Murray, and F. M. Bristow.
lFourth District.-D. R. Haggard, W. C. Anderson, Har-
vey Helm, J. Q. A. King, and James Barbour.
Fifth District-John Cofer, John Rout, P. B. Thompson,
Samuel Carpenter, jr., and R. C. Palmer.
Sixth District.-George W. Dunlap, Allan A. Burton,
John Dills, David Irvine, and Silas Woodson.
Seventh District.-J. M. Bullock, W. S. Helm, E. D.
Hobbs, Win. Riddle, and Gibson Mallory.
Eighth District.-T. Woodson, D. Howard Smith, Orlan-
do Brown, J. D. Helm, and II. C. Pindell.
Ninth District.-Chilton Allan, A. W. Hamilton, John
W. White, W. S. Botts, and E. J. Hockday.
Tenth District.-Jos. Doniphan, George B. Hodge, Chas.
S. Clarkson, James Southgate, and John G. Hickman.
CASE OF MRS. GAINEs.-The reader will per-
ceive, by the official notice in another column, that
the SUPREMIE COURT has decided adversely to the
claim of Mrs. MYRA GAINES-a cause which, from
its magnitude and the eminence of the counsel em-
ployed, as well as the earnestness with which it has
been prosecuted, has attracted very general interest.
Ex-Governor TIOMIAS CARLIN, of Illinois, died
at his residence, near Carlinton, on the 14th ultimo,
aged about sixty years. During his life the de-
ceased filled many important offices in his State, and
as a man and a citizen was greatly esteemed by those
who knew him.
The Alta California" of the 1st of February
furnishes the-subjoined items of intelligence:
No business of importance has been transacted by our
State Legislature since, the session commenced, the time
having been occupied chiefly in disposing of the contested
seats. Several important bills have been announced.
Gov. BIILEB has issued a special message, touching the
financial affairs of the State, in which he urges upon the
Legislature the early adoption of measures to relieve the
burden of the State's liabilities, and exhibits the amount
of her indebtedness. By the Comptroller's showing,
$1,000,000 still stand against us from the expenses of last
year's military expeditions. The aggregate indebtedness,
civil and military, of the State, on the 31st December, was
All was quiet at San Diego at the last accounts. Troops
had gone to the Gila, and no further disturbance was ex-
pected with the Southern Indians. Company F, 3d artil-
lery, with Maj. Andrews, has gone to the mouth of the
Colorado. Provisions have been sent and a depot is to be
made at the junction of the Gila and the Colorado.
The United States Board of Land Commissioners has
been in session since the 21st, in this city. No important
business has been transacted as yet.
In the mines much inconvenience and want has been
experienced by the failure of the water supplies. Digging
has not been very brisk, and prospecting parties have
made but few rich discoveries within the past month. The
laborers have worked out the water, and are disposed to
"lay by," waiting for more. Since Thursday the rains
have returned, and copious showers have fallen in the in-
terior. This will revive prospects in the mines.
FROM SOUTH AMERICA.
IMPORTANT, IF TIUE.-By the arrival of the barque
Frederick Deming from Rio Janeiro we are placed in pos-
session of advices to the 12th January. A few days pre-
vious to her sailing a rumor had reached the city that a
battle had been fought by the farces of Generals ROSAS
and URQoIZA, in which the latter was signally defeated,
and that 5,000 of his troops had deserted and joined the
ranks of Gen. Roses. It was also rumored that the Ger-
man portion of the army engaged in fighting against the
Argentine Republic had become greatly disaffected to-
ward the Brazilian Government, and that Gee. Roses was
endeavoring to prevail upon them to become his allies.
[New York Courier.
Unfortunately, the great difficulty is to get at what
is true" respecting the perpetual revolutionary
conflicts in South America. Urquiza's complete
success over Oribe, and the consequent raising of
the siege of Montevideo, are properly authenticated
facts, and constitute about the latest reliable intel-
ligence that we have. It was then generally be-
lieved that Urquiza would attack Rosas, aided by
Brazil, and the common opinion was, that although
Rosas would raise a large army, and would fight
well, the combined attack would be successful. Still
our own impression was and is that the crushing of
Rosas will not be a very easy matter. Whatever
his character as a man, however cruel and unmerci-
ful as an avenger, there cannot well be two opinions
of his ability to govern, or of his courage and con-
summate skill as a military leader. We shall not
be surprised if the above rumors are hereafter con-
firmed.-New York Commercial Advertiser.
DANGERF OF WALKING ON RAILROAD TRACKS.-The fol-
lowing paragraph from the Boston Traveller contains an-
other and a serious warning of the danger ef walking on
the tracks of railroads. But for the circumstances dis-
closed, who could imagine that two men in the possession
of health and all their faculties could thus have become
the victims of their own indifference to the danger of this
too common practice?
Two MEN KILLED.-This morning, at about 8 o'clock,
two men, named Enos Ormsbee and Silas W. Bumpus, both
house carpenters of Charlestown, were killed on the Bos-
ton and Maine Railroad, at the Mystic Draw, Somerville,
under the following circumstances: Their work was- at
Medford, and they were walking up the track from Charles-
town. But a short time previous to the accident they had
been cautioned by a road repairer to look out or they
would be run over. Their attention was diverted by an
inward train from Salem, when an outward train, which
left Boston for Manchester and Concord at 7j o'clock,
came upon and ran over both of them. Bumpus leaves a
wife and four children, and Ormsbee a wife and three
A slight shock of an earthquake was felt in Pittsburgh
on Thursday evening, at about half-past ten o'clock.
CLOSING INDIAN INTERVIEW.
Yesterday about noon oth closing interview of the
delegation of Omaha Indians with the COMiMIS-
SINEiR .Fr IEi.IA ApFFAis took place at th.. office
of the latter .
Col. LEA told his red friends that he had sent for them
to come and meet him once more before they set out for
their distant homes. He was sorry they had been de-
tained in Washington so long. Could he have controlled
their affairs they should have been ere this near their.
homes. When Indians come to Washington, invited by
their Great Father, he has every thing arranged before-
hand, and then every thing goes on well. But when they
come here without his previous notice he is not prepared,
and then matters do not go on so well. It their case
(the Omahas) the best had been done that the circum-
stances permitted; we had been glad to see them, and
had treated them kindly.
Now, that they were going home he wished them to re-
member a few things he had to say, and to communicate
it to their brethren when they got back: Col. LEA said he
had listened attentively to all their complaints, and his
heart was grieved at the recital of their sufferings. They
had by their visit enjoyed a good opportunity to see this
vast country, the number and strength of the people, and
how great their Great Father is. Their Great Father
had many chiefs under him to attend to the different
affairs of his children; it was hIis (Col. Lea's) business to
look after the interests of his red children.
I take (said Col. Lea) a deep interest in all that con-
cerns Indian Affairs, and I am always sorry to hear that
any of my red children are unhappy, dissatisfied, or not
doing well. I am always sorry for their misfortunes, and
have a heart to feel for them and do them all the good in
my power. I have, therefore, felt deeply interested in
the unhappiness of your people. I told you I would con-
sider your case, reflect upon it,, and see what could be
I have done so since I saw you and talked with you be-
fore. I have been thinking much about the Omaha In-
dians, to consider what was best for them, and to put an
end to their sufferings; and I will tell you now what is
the result to which my mind has come after studying so
long about your case. You cannot much longer live as
you haee been living for the past three or four years; you
must change your manner of living.
It has been many years since you have been able to sup-
port yourselves and families by the chase; game was plen-
ty, it is not so now, and never will be again.
Now, your condition must continue to get worse and
worse unless you devote yourselves, like white men, to
cultivate and depend upon the fruits of the earth for sub-
sistence rather than on the results of the chase. This, I
am happy to learn, is your wish and that of your people
generally; you are willing to till the soil of mother earth
and depend upon that for your support. But, whliilst I re-
commend you to cultivate the soil, I am satisfied you re-
quire the kind care and assistance of the Government of
the United States in order to do so advantageously to
yourselves. I have, therefore, determined to apply to Con-
gress, the great National Council, to give me the money
to buy ploughs and hoes, and other implements of agri-
culture, when you set about your new manner of living
and to cultivate the soil.
One thing you ought to know, and that is, that it is not
in my power, nor even that of your Great Father, to take
the white men's money without the consent of the Na-
tional Council. I have no doubt that Congress, like your
Great Father and myself, feel a deep interest in the wel-
fare of the red maei, and that Congress, when I ask, will
give me the means to afford you this help, by which, if
you be industrious and enterprising; you will be able to
become prosperous and happy; in the same way with the
white men all over this great and flourishing country. If
the Great Council shall agree to what I have asked, ar-
rangements will be made by which the Omaha Indians
will be furnished from year to year with all the imple-
ments and things which might be necessary to advance
their happiness. But you ought to know, as men of sense-
for men of sense I take you to be-that all this cannot be
done in a day, month, or even in a year; great things re-
quire much time to carry them into effect.
When you are at home, and get into council, and some
question of great weight and moment comes up, you take
time, you reflect; you don't act like a woman or a child;
you smoke and sleep upon it, and take time to know what
to do in the matter. It takes a man many years to grow
from a child to maturity; and so it will take the Omaha
nation a considerable time to grow up from a condition of
poverty and destitution to one in which they shall be a
happy and prosperous people.
I therefore ask you not to be impatient, but to rely on
the kindness and care of your Great Father and the Gov-
ernment of the United States, never doubting that you
will in time reap a rich reward for thus conducting your-
selves. What I particularly wish you to do is to tell your
people and make them understand that your Great Father,
and yos. father the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and
the Great Council are their friends, and are disposed to do
whatever ought to be done to assist them.
I have been made sorry to hear that some of you, with-
in the last few days, have been making threats as to what
you would do if you were to go home dissatisfied. Now,
if you go home for the purpose of stirring up strife and
making war upon the whites, it would be better that you
never go home at all. If you pursue this course, it will
certainly bring trouble upon you and your people.
I ask you, then, as your father and your friend, anxious
for your welfare, that if you have any such feelings in
your bosoms you will expel them, and when you get home
that you will advise your people to be peaceful and
friendly with the whites. War is distasteful to your
Great Father, and especially hateful to the Great Spirit.
I have learned that some of you have expressed a wish to
be furnished with clothes like the white men. In order
to show you how kindly I feel towards you, I will order my
young men to purchase you some clothes; but I have this
one thing to ask of you, and it is this, that when you are
dressed in the clothes of white men you will behave like
white men, and not like savages. If you ever feel that
you want to go to war like a savage, you must pull off
these clothes of the white man and put on skins, and look
whilst you act like savage beasts. When you look upon
these clothes you will remember what I have said, and
show them to your people as proofs of your Great Father's
friendship towards you. Your friends who conducted
you to Washington will no doubt see you safely back;
they are under 1.-i. ,6..ui so to do, and will, without
doubt, carry it out. I wish you an early and safe return
home, and trust that your visit to Washington will prove
of great service to you and your people; for if your peo-
ple be good, and peaceable, and friendly, and virtuous,
their condition will be improved, and your nation become
prosperous and happy.
Yellow-Smoke addressed a few words to the Commis-
sioner in reply, acknowledging how greatly his feelings
had been changed for the better, and saying that now he
had got all he asked for and all he came to Washington
The Commissioner then distributed medals, accompany-
ing the act with explanations of the figures on the medals,
and admonitions as to what behavior would be expected
of Indians on whom these gifts were conferred.
The Interpreter, Louis Sans Souci, embraced the oppor-
tunity to make some queries respecting the rights and
property of half-breeds in certain land reservations, to
which the Commissioner answered that due attention
should be paid to their rights in the premises.
Orders were then given that the Indians be forthwith
furnished with suitable apparel; whuichi order, we suppose,
was immediately complied within.
The Indians appear quite reconciled and satisfied, and
to have been relieved from the anxiety which of late seems
to have pressed upon them.
It is but justice to say, in conclusion, that the judg-
ment, patience, kindness, and humanity displayed by the
Commissioner in the disposition and management of these
Indians and their affairs, do equal honor to the head and
heart of Col. LEA, and to the Government and nation
whose able and faithful agent he is in a difficult and deli-
cate branch of the public service.
We judge these Indians will leave Washington for their
homes within a day or two at furthest.
An Indian delegation, accompanied by their Agent,
Gen. BLAKE, arrived at Tampa on the 14th ultimo, from
Arkansas, on their way for the Seminole country; their
object being to endeavor to induce those Indians to emi-
Gen. CmiLDS has been ordered from Pensacola to Fort
Myers, in East Florida.
TUNNEL UNDER THE HUDSON.-A bill was introduced
into the Legislature of New York on Wednesday to incor-
porate a company to construct a tunnel under the Hud-
son river, near Albany. A survey and estimate have
been made, and the plan is considered feasible. It is be-
lieved that a perfect work can be constructed, with a dou-
ble track and an easy grade, for half a million of dollars.
[N. Y. Commercial Advertiser.
MAIL ROBSBEBY.-We learn from the Missouri Republi-
can that the mail made up in St. Louis on the 2d of Feb-
ruary, and containing matter for nearly all of Iowa and
several districts beyond, has been robbed. It was a very
large mail, and was carried via Sprimgfldi and Quincy.
A great many letters were scattered about the scene ot
the robbery. A stage-driver has been arrested and is now
in Quincy jail.
THE MORMONS.-A CARD.
U. S. HOTEL,, WASHInQTQN, MAR0IH 1, 1852.
In the W.i.-hingt,,n and New York papers there
is news by Telegraph that the Mi:.rm.,u- at Great
Salt Lake City had published a d,. lariti,, .r irin.l-
I|. ii .i.,,,>. in which they assert t ,riri ,l-ti.r iniati..nri
to set up a Republic for themselves; and that the
'United States authorities are put at defiance,; all
the United States officers had left; the people were
hi. .'" ir'i. to resist all authority by fortifying their
settlements; all which I have no hesitation in pro-
nouncing a mistake. From my last advices receiv-
ed from the authorities in Utah, I amnt certain that
no such state of things was ever thought of or con-
templated as that described in the newspapers al-
luded to. It is either a sheer fabrication or a mis-
understanding growing out of the United it.,
officers leaving the Territory last autumn.
JOHN M. BERNHISEL, Delegatefrom Utah.
TIHE FLORIDA INDIANS.
FROM THE SAVANNAt REPUBLICAN OF FEBRUARY 27.
Late advices from Tallahassee inform us that Governor
BRowN, of Florida, lihas neither ordered out troops, as was
reported some days ago, to protect the inhabitants resid-
ing near the Indian territory, nor given authority to indi-
viduals to organize companies of volunteers. If Capt.
JARNAOIN has raised a company, it is presumed that he
did so under the provisions of the law for protection in
cases of sudden invasion and insurrection. It appears,
also, that there was but little foundation for the rumor
that Capt. JARNAGI.N had captured three Indian warriors
and killed the fourth. He states, in a letter which we
find in the Tallahsasse Sentinel, that he and a party of
twelve men had been on a reconnoitering expedition to
the Indian frontier ; that they captured one warrior, with
his wife, mother, and child, the two first of whom subse-
quently escaped ; that they came upon a small party of
Indians who were out hunting, and fired at one or more
of them, without doing any injury. Ile discovered no
evidences of a disposition to provoke hostilities, unless
stealing cattle be considered an indication of belligerent
We have received various letters from Florida reflecting
upon the conduct of certain persons there toward the In-
dians. Some of them express the belief that these per-
sons desire to provoke a collision between the Indians and
the General Government, in order to enjoy the profits
which flow in the train of sutlers, quartermasters, &c.
Considerable fortunes were made in this way during the
Seminole war. As we know nothing of the facts upon
which these charges are based, and do not believe that
any considerable portion of the people of our sister State
could be actuated by any such motive, we have withheld
these letters from the public. Thie subjoined letter, how-
ever, we publish with pleasure, as it is not obnoxious to
the objections alluded to, and furnishes additional reasons
for the belief that there is no adequate cause for the
alarm which is said to exist in the vicinity of the Indian
We beg to be excused for expressing the hope, in con-
clusion, that the Government will cause the Indians to be
removed to the West as soon as thle public interests will
justify it. They are but thc remnant, it is true, of the
warlike bands which once ravaged Florida; yet they are
sufficientin numbers to keep the whites in a state of con-
stant uneasiness, and to prevent the filling up of that part
of the State near which they are located. We doubt not
that the Government is as anxious as the people of Florida
to have them removed, and that no proper effort will be
spared to effect that object:
Four MYERS, (FLA.) FEBRUARY 11, 1852.
To the Editors of the S'avannahh .Itpubtican.
In your paper of the 16th January I find a paragraph re-
..to the Florida Indians, in which you st.te (upon the au-
:i, .... of the St. Augustine Amlient . that Billy Bjowtylegs
is becoming somewhat restless; that he has applied for force to
drive ini a number of "ount-liers;" and that it is thought that
Bitll is playing a trick of some sort. Now, Messrs. Editors,
1.: has not applied for troops for that or any other purpose.
i'1 tell you of a trick that he has played.
On the 28th of January a drummer boy went out from this
post to hunt and lost himself. We used all the means within
our reach to find him, but without success. In the mean time
1 had sent word to the Indians that tihe boy was lost. As soon
as Bilty heard it, ..iii ..-., his people were in the midst of
their hi ,,',., he h Il. i. I .. to stop and go in search of the
boy. I I... ..i so, and continued the search for eight days,
when they' found him in a most deplorable condition, the blood
running from his nose ,ii.i 1.1 -i ...(d his jaws so stiff that he
could hardly open his .Ir, I i,. took him on their backs
and carried him about six miles to their homes, where the boy
says they took every possible care of him, giving him all they
had to eas, washing and 1. *.;i. his sore feet, and giving him
a blanket andi moccasins. -l ,. about to travel Jo,,les put
him on his horse and I .,i.' him himself to this post, a dis-
tance of four days' trau. 1 i. boy is now here and di :...'
Now, mark, Messrs. Editors, this trick was play i .. .i,
the promise of a reward, besides losing from -i, .. i.i ,. the
eight days employed in finding and bringing l.. it... u.. this
post. It is true that AFTER the boy IMas (dlirered u op Billy said
ie hoped his people would be paid for their trouble and loss
Some people, Messrs. Editors, are always disposed to create
strife, andi are never willing to throw oil on the troubled waters.
I am satisfied that Bowltegs and the mass of the Indians are
disposed to and will keep the peace. There are soue had ones
amongst them; this,; ..dinits, and says they give him an
great deal of trouble. Hi we no bad ones amongst nus?
Respectfully, your obedient servant,
JNO. H. WINDER, Capt. 1st Artillery, and
Brevet Lt. Col., Commanding Fort Myers.
Advices from Oregon are to the 24th of January. The
location act, establishing~the seat of government at Salem,
was still the subject of animated controversy. The majo-
rity of the Legislative Assembly were in session at Salem
on the 17th, and among other resolutions passed was one
directing the Oregon Delegate in Congress to use his best
endeavors to obtain the passage of an act giving dona-
tions of land to the soldiers and officers engaged in the
Cayuse war. Some of the members, who were opposed
to the location act, convened at Yanm Hlill, and published
a paper declaring their determination to disregard the de-
cision of the courts that Salem was the legal seat of gov-
ernment. This paper was afterward suspended, and the
refractory members abandoned their position.
We are indebted to Adams & Co.'s Express for a late
NATIONAL DEFENCES or ENGLAND.-We hear that ar-
rangements have been made by the Admiralty to have
twelve steamers, ready coaled and fit for immediate ser-
vice, at each of the ports of Sheerness, Portsmouth, and
Plymouth. The captains are already appointed, and each
squadron is to be under their respective superintendence,
but no men will be allotted until actually necessary, when
they are to be supplied from the flag and other ships. It
is understood that orders have been sent to the several
outports to render the guard-ships fit for active sea ser-
vice. The dockyards are to get the sea stores for each
ship made complete, and kept separate from other stores,
that they may be ready at the shortest notice; and, more-
over, the holds of all the advanced ships are to be restored.
We believe, as ships arrive in England and are paid off,
the home service force will be increased. These are wise
and necessary precautions ; they were contemplated a long
time since.--United Sereice Gazette.
In this city, on the 1st instant, by the Rev. W. B.
EDWARDS, Mr. J. ALLANSON STAATS, of New Orleans,
Louisiana, to Miss ELIZA ANTOINETTE0 daughter of
OESoN KINe, Esq., of Massachusetts.
At Talcahuano, in Chili, in December last, Passed Mid-
shipman DAWSON PHENIX, of the Navy, to the Senorita
Dona ECARNACION INIGUEZ, daughter of the Senor
Don MANUEL INIaUEZ, Minister of the Customs of Talca-
On Saturday evening, the 28th ultimo, ten minutes after
six o'clock, CAROLINE EMILY SCIJUSSLER, daughter
of the late Rev. Mr. BISCAMP, a native of Ileyne, in the
Electorate of Hesse, in Germany, wife of CHAsLES SCHiuss-
LEa, in the 62d year of her age.
The friends of the family and acquaintance are respect-
fully invited to attend her funeral to-day, at two o'clock
P. M., from her husband's residence on Seventh street,
opposite the National Intelligencer office.
_A F street Presbyterian Church.-There will be
.hr. ,..,;,; Ibthis Church every evening this week, commencing
.,i *' 1.k. Rev. Doct. DicKEY, of Pennsylvania, is ex-
pecteld to assist in the exercises. mar 2
-:.1 .Ma-nlici. -A reg;iIlaricunj] ui1iiaiti.,,u iI -'edtral
Lc. I.: N.. I w.ul t., h.l, iI ...1 l,, .... ,n,;, ,L. .l,.,..I,'
Hall, corner of E and 10th streets, at 7 o'clock.
The members are respectfully requested to be punctual in
their attendance, and all brothers in good standing are cordial-
ly invited. By order of W. M.
P URE PERUVIAN GUANO.- Having been appoint-
ed Agents for the sale of Peruvian Guano in the District
of Columbia, we are prepared to take orders for quantities to
be delivered from the vessel at prices as low" as the article can
be purchased in any other market. Dealers and clubs will be
supplied upon the most favorable terms.
E. PICKRELL & CO. Water street, Georgetown.
feb 26-if3taw2w [Union, Balt. Sun, and Alexa. Gas.]
RDIPORSe COAAflSPOND ENt'.9
BALTIMORE, MA9UCH 1-5 P. ML
The MAYOB and mib-.r. of .,ur City Council, together
with many other chit-n,, will visit W,,hir grun to-morrow
to participate with others in lite fete that i, to c.,me off
on the steamer Baltic. ;
There is still ice in the Su'.Urluihnira at HIaTre de Grace,
lhi, tle,. atir i-r rIning .,'r ;t, :..d the rier ii now impas-
sable. The Union line of boats is r hultig, and travel
not interrupted. "
Much interest is felt here as to the appointment of a
United States District Judge in the place of the late
Judge HEATH. From the general expression r- opinai.,n
and wishes among our citizens, I believe the appoint-
ment of Z. COxLtNs LE, Esq. would give great satis-
faction. He is in the prime of life,. and is esteemed an
eloquent and i-. ..nuprl1,,l,.,l luwa'r He has been District
Attorney for several years, and is intimately acquainted
with the laws and practice of the court. He is also known
not only in Maryland, but throughout the Union, for his
successful efforts in the Whig cause; and it is understood
here that the Whig members of Congress in ihe HI,,use,
headed by the member from this city, have urged in per-
son Mr. Lee's appointment, while the two Democratic
members from Maryland have, on being applied to, united
in favor of Mr. Lee. This, with the ,-%idlunei of hislegal
fitness given by many prominent judges 'ind members of
the Maryland bar, have led us to L.-pe that the sppoint-
ment would be conferred on him.
The recent accounts by the Africa have had a depress-
ing effect on the market for breadstuffs. Sales to-day of
4,300 barrels Howard street at-il 'ily Mills flour at $4, a
decline of 122 cents since Saturday and 25 cents per bar-
rel since that news. City Mills will not bring over $4.
Grain is dull and declining. Sales of red wheat at.85
a 94 cents, as to quality; white wheat 94 a 98; 'white
corn 5Z a 54; yellow 54 a 56; oats 32 a,37 ;: rye 72,
.Provisions are firm; groceries -'.-1lv
Tobacco very quiet, prices unchanged.
The stock market is steady, prices favoring eelhers
The Telegraph reports the New York stock market firm
to-day. U. S. 6's, 1868, 116,. Flour has declined. State
brands sold to-day at $4.76 a 4.81. Southern flour has
also declined 61 to 122 cents per barrel, Gniirn dull and
prices drooping. Cotton firm at previous quotations.
BALTIMORE CATTLE MARKET, MARCH 1.
There were 650 head of beef cattle offered to-day. Six
hundred were sold at from four to five dollars on the hoof,
being equal to eight and nine fifty nett, averaging four
NOrFOLK, MARCi 1.-The ship Phelina, from Liver-
pool, with a cargo of iron, crockery ware, &c., for Balti-
mere, is now off Cape Heunry lighthouse, and the seas break-
uing over her. She is full of water, and will be a total
loss. The captain and crew are believed to be safe.
Mr. E. A. MA.u 1 IIt. I...1- Mr WV. M. FLEitmG,
Private IBoxes $5; Dress Circle and Parquet 50 cents; Re-
served Seats 75 cents; Orchestra Seats 75 cents; Family
Circle 25 cts.; Third Tier 50 ets.; Colored Gallery 25 cts.
Second appearance of Miss JULIA BENNETT, the celebrated
THIS EVENING, MARCH 2, will be performed Goldsmith's
excellent Comedy, in five acts, entitled SHE STOOPS TO
CONQUER. Miss IIardcastle, (with songs,) Miss BENNETT.
To conclude with the petite Comedy of the DAY AFTER THE
WVEDDING. Lady Elizabeth Freelove, (with songs,) Miss J.
ODD FELLOWS' HALL, 7th street.
BURR'S SEVEN MILE MIRROR, or a Tour of 2,000
miles on the Lakes, the Niagara, St. Lawrence, and
Saguenay Rivers, is open every evening at Odd Fellows' Hall,
for a short season only.
This work, executed from Drawings taken upon the spot,
represents 500,000 interesting objects and localities, 200 cities
and villages, over 100,000 buildings, and 300 steamboats, ships,
and other vessels.
Every evening except Sunday.
Doors open at 6j; Mirror moves at 71 o'clock.
Admission 25 cents; children half-price. Hand-Book to the
Mirror 121 cents.
Day Exhibition every afternoon, at 31 o'clock.
PRING-STYLE TUCK COMBS.-Opened this day
several samples of the newest style tortoise-shell Tuck
Combs direct from New York.
Also, every other description of Comb, in shell, buffalo, twist-
ed horn, ivory, &c., at GIBBS'S Ornamental Hair Manufaetory
and Perfumery Store, where ladies and gentlemen .can also be
suited with every variety of Iair Work, such as-
Braids, Curls, Frizettes, Bandeaus, Wigs, half-Wigs, Scalds,
N. B. Ladies' and .. Ml..1.. ,.'. Hair cut, shampooed and
dyed with Batchelor's In......, i. Liquid Hair Dye-the most'
perfect substitute for nature's own coloring ever discovered.
Hair Work repaired or taken in exchange.
Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets, up stairs.
PRING AND SUMMER GOODS.-H. F. LOUDON
& CO., Men's Mercers and Tailors, Brown's Hotel, have
just returned from the North with a large and well-selected
stock of Spring and Summer Goods for gentlemen's wear,
new styles, well made, and cheap for cash. An assortment of
the best Military Goods conforming to the latest regulations
always on hand. Patronage respectfully solicited.
UBLISHED, and for sale at Shillhington's Book-
The International Magazine for March
The KI,:. 1 l.,. i.... M.t.a. ;in.. for March
Black .....r AI ., ..... ..r bruary
The Democratic Review for February
Putnam's Library, No. 4
The Recollections of a Policeman
Self-deception, part 3, by Mrs. Ellis
Harper's Magazine for March expected this morning.
Every thing in the Book, Newspaper, and Stationery line
for sale by J. SHILLINGTON,
Odeon Building, corner of 41 street and Penn. avenue.
umar 2 -3:l
G OOD EAT[NG.-I have received this day, from Baiti-,
more and Cincinnati, a lot of sugar-cured Hams, Should-
ers, thin 1.1i;i... and Joles, which I am sure will compare
favorably ,. .,.. thing of the kind that can be procured in
this or any other market-the Hams averaging under ten lbs.,
and ; 1 s., to my express order.
A i. orperior old Hiams, and best smoked Beef for chip-
ping and broiling.
Also, a prime lot of Apples, Potatoes, and Onions.
All of which I will sell on the most reasonable terms, and
my friends and the public generally are requested to call and
examine for themselves before purchasing elsewhere.
Stand No. 99 at Centre Market, and at West Market.
C LOTS A ND CASSI MERES.-Just received a large
and elegamn assortment of Cloths, Cassimeres, and Vestings,
of tlhe latest importation and superior qualities, such as,
Army and navy blue Cloth
Extra fine claret, olive, and brown do.
Do. dark green and blue do,
Do. black and blue-black do.
Togetiher with a fine and beautiful assortment of new-style
Caussmeres and Vestings, which Iam prepared to make to order
at the shortest notice, in the smost durable and fashionable
manner, and wouhl sm 11. in: ue;,,, r i.. l ',.tii, and strangers
to givue te tina call t .'r. r. .. .iM,,._ |h.-i ..I,, u ..,, m. Ifeel confi-
dent that my extc i. .. m.ui,.. for manufacturingwill enable
me to furnish the most superior garments twenty per cent,
ehseaper than any establishment this side of New York.
WM. WALL, Pennsylvania avenue,
between 9th and 10th streets, and next to M. Shanks'
mar 2-3t (RepubliciUnion) Iron Building.
BY J. C. McGUIRE, Auctioneer.
HOTEL AND VALUABLE LOT ON THE Island
at Auctlon.-On Monday, March 22d, 1852, at 4
o'clock P. M., on the premises, I shall sell that valuable lot in
square No. 355, situated on the corner of llth street south and
G street west, (Island,) with the improvements, ..It., ling in'
brick three-story and back building, known as the "' Ss..atnl.,at
Hotel." The entire front on G street being 112 feet 4j
inches, with a depth of 124 feet 10 inches to a 25 feet alley.
The vacant lot adjoining the hotel .on the east will be sold
separately, in lots to suit purchasers.
Terms: One-third cash, the residue in equal instalments of
one and two years, with interest, satisfactorily secured.
mar 2---eod&ds (Union) J. C. MeGUIRE, Auctioneer.
SALES THIS DAY.
I SHALL SELL, In front of Centre Market-house,
on Saturday morning, ait 10 o'clock, one Tilting Wagon,
made for $175; took the premium at the Maryland Cattle
Show in 1851. Farmers and others would do well to attend
the sale, as it must be sold at a great sacrifice. Also, at the
same time and place, several Gold and Silver Lever and Le-
pine Watches, Furniture, &e. Terms cash. .
feb226-3t JOHN hiuCINS,.N. Autii..ner.
7 TThe above sale Is postponed, In cdnsequenice of
the weather, until Tuesday next, M.ir. h .-.1, sai,,. h,.r and
place. J. ROBINSON,
mar 1-d2t Auctioneer.
B\ .. .1. Mr'1(Ihl( .ll ,Aleuanidria.
Y VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE.-Will be
sold, at public auction, on Tuesday, the 2d of March
next, at 12 o'clock M., the substantial and commodious three-
the late Silas Reed, at present occupied by Mr. Isaac Reed, and
directly opposite Dr. William Stabler & Bro.'s store. The
house fronts on Fairfax street about eighteen feet, and runs
back (including thi. 1.,.k i.i-;l.]ir, ,,.isi narny the whole depth of
the lot, which is i.!.uit .- l h.i *.';ur i- i.
Terms of sale : $,500 in cash; the remainder in three equal
instalments from the day of sale, with interest-the title to be
reserved until after the final payment.
feb 2-2awts Agentiur hLbe Executor,
T h,. t'.,.l,,w iL, arti-l:-, w lnh w _.w e fil I .11;t th..- H.:.-.
ton Daily Advertiser ot Wednesday last, uibracus
interesting and highly instructive views of the im-
mediate causes of Lord PALMERSTON'S removal from
the post which he held in the British Ministry, and
also of his agency in the diplomatic relations be-
tween Great Britain and the United States.
THE REMOVAL OF LORD PALMERSTON.
The recent dismissal from office of one of the
ablest members of the British Cabinet, and this at a
time when Lord John Russell's government was
considered as very weak, and remaining in power
only from the difficulty of finding any one to take
his place," is of course a remarkable event. The
parliamentary explanation of its causes was expected
with considerable interest. That explanation, as far
as it was to be found in any specific acts or omis-
sions of Lord Palmerston, has now been given, and
we shall presently state what it is. It is quite evi-
dent, however, to all who have followed the course
of Ei,.li-h politics for some time past, that behind
the particular grounds of complaint against Lord
Palmerston there was on the part of his colleagues,
as of the public g-i,.:rall\, a vague feeling of distrust
of the Foreign Secretary as a very able but an im-
pulsive and self-willed person, whose prudence could
not b..- r-lied upon. Lord John Russell, however,
was pr-, luid'., from all allusion to this fact, however
unquestionable. He had placed the seals of the
F.,rmligi Office in his colleague's hands, knowing
that such was his character; and he had defended
his conduct in the affair of the Grecian blockade, one
of the most offensive and unpopular of Lord Pal-
merston's measures. It was necessary, therefore, to
assign reasons for his dismissal of a more recent
date, and such as were not directly connected with
his general mode of transacting the business of his
The two causes assigned for Lord P.'s dismissal
were these: 1. His reception of a deputation of
Hungarian sympathizers, who spoke of the conti-
nental Powers in very abusive terms. Lord P., in
replying to the delegation, stated that he must not
be held responsible for the language employed by
them in reference to sovereigns with whom England
was at peace; but his receiving such a delegation at
all, and his courteous reply to an address of so vio-
lent a character, probably gave offence to the foreign
sovereigns, and is spoken of by Lord John Russell
as an imprudence to be regretted, but not as an
event necessarily entailing serious consequences.
We are disposed to think that his conduct on this
occasion had been complained of by Austria and
Russia, and that for this reason Lord John Russell
regarded it as falling within the rule of office which
requires the Foreign Secretary to consult his col-
'leagues, and to take the orders of the Queen on im-*
.portant matters. Lord Palmerston, not viewing it
in that light, had neglected this ili .,,
But the principal subject of complaint related to
the event of the 2d of December-the coop d'etat
of Louis Napoleon. Lord Normanby, on the 3d,
wrote home for instructions how he was to act on
the occasion. The subject was brought before the
Cabinet, and it was decided that he was to make
no change in his relations with the French Govern-
mnent. A very short despatch to this effect was
drawn up by Lord Palmerston, sent to the Queen
on the 4th December, and came back with her ap-
proval on the 5th, on whiich day it was forwarded to
Lord Normanby. It reached him on the 6th, and he
immediately waited on M. Turgot, the ". It Min-
ister of Foreign Affairs, and told him he had been in-
structed that "he need make no change in his rela-
tions with the French Government in consequence
of what had passed." Hle apologized for his delay
in making the communication on the ground of cir-
- cumstances not connected with the merits of the
question. M. Turgot said the delay was of less conse-
quence, as two days before he had received from the
French Ambassador in London (M. Walewski)
information that "Lord Palmerston had expressed
his entire approbation of the conduct of the Presi-
dent, and the conviction that lie could not act other-
wise than he had done." Lord Normanby learned
from two of his diplomatic colleagues that M. Wa-
lewski's letter conveying this information had
been read by M. Turgot to them. Lord Normanby
immediately wrote to Lord Palmerston an account
of these matters, and his letter was comimuuicated
by him, in the usual course of business, to the other
members of the Cabinet.
Lord John Russell intimates in his parliamentary
explanation that he thought, though Lord Palmer-
ston had been somewhat imprudent in thus express-
ing himself on so important a question, yet that no
serious difficulty need arise from it. He according-
ly wrote to Lord Palmerston for an explanation, an-
ticipating that a satisfactory one would be made.
"To this letter no answer whatever was returned by
A week afterwards, (on the 13th,) not having re-
ceived any answer from Lord P., and ".. itl, Wo-
burn Abbey, (the residence of his Il.'i J, the
Duke of Bedford,) Lord John Russell received a
messenger from the Queen, making inquiry on the
subject of Lord Normanby's despatch of the 6th of
December, and demanding an explanation of its
contents. The following day Lord John Russell
sent a communication to Lord Palmerston, who was
in town, which reached him at an early hour, but
no answer was returned on that or the following day.
On the 16th Lord John Russell wrote the third
time to Lord Palmerston, expressing the opinion
that silence was not respectful to her Majesty, and
asking for a reply." No reply came that day, but
the same disdainful silence, as he calls it, was per-
severed in by Lord Palmerston. On the following
day Lord John Russell received, not an answer
from Lord Palmerston, but a despatch from Lord
Normanby to Lord Palcerston, (complaining of the
position in which he is priced by receiving through
the French Government information of the views of
the British Foreign Secretary, which had not been
communicated directly to himself,) together with
Lord Palmerston's answer, which had been written
and dispatched without being submitted to his col-
leagues or the Queen. This last step taken by Lord
Palmerston, while he was maintaining a "disdainful
silence" in reference to three letters of LorJ John
Russell, demanding an explanation, two of which
were written after having received a message from
the Queen making a similar demand, was regarded
by Lord John Russell as an act too positive to be
overlooked. When, as I conceived," says he,
S"the authority of the Queen had been set aside, it
appeared to me that I had no other course left but to
inform my noble friend that while I held office he
could no longer hold the seals as Secretary for Fo-
reign Affairs." Hle immediately made up his
mind to report the case to the Queen, with a
view to Lord Palmerston's dismissal. This was on
Wednesday, the 17th. Later ia the day hlie received
a long letter from Lord Palmerston, stating the rea-
sons why he approved the coup d'etat. This, how-
ever, Lord John Russell considered was not the
.question between them; which was the proprintv (t
his conduct in expressing a sentiment (.' iI i I .tII
on an occasion so important, without the sanction of
his colleagues and the Queen, and his continuing,
after explanation had been called for both by him-
self and the Queen, to instruct- Lord Normanby on
the subject, without previous consultation with the
Cabinet. Lord John Russell, in writing to the
Queen on that day, (the 17th,) informed her only
that he had had a correspondence with Lord Pal-
merston in reference to her demand for an explana-
tion. In order to get time for consideration and re-
consideration, Lord John delayed final action till
Saturday, the 20th, and informed. Lord P. that he
should be at home on the 18th, to give him an op-
portunity, if he thought fit, even at that late hour,
to take some course which might prevent a rupture.
No such explanation was offered by Lord Palmer-
ston; and on Sai irdr,ly the whole correspondence
was sent to the Queen, with an intimation from
Lord John Russell that Lord Palmerston ought to
be dismissed; which was immediately ordered.
Such is the Premier's statement. Lord Palmer-
ston, in his reply, passes over the affair of the Hun-
garian deputation as a matter of no great moment,
admitting that it would have been better if he had
required that their address should be submitted to
himii in private beforehand. With respect to the ex-
pression of his opinion to M. W I... I i decidedly ap-
proving the couple d'etat, hlie says that he did not ex-
press himself in language quite so strong; that what
he did say was said conversationally and not offi-
(; .11 : ; that other members of the Cabinet, including
Lord John Russell himself, expressed their opinions
of the couqs d'etat to M Walewski conversationally,
(he does not say to the same effect;) and that it
would be impossible for a l"..i. im, Secretary to per-
form lhis duties satisfactorily, if he were obliged, in
details like this, to have a previous consultation with
his colleagues. With respect to the delay in an-
swering Lord John Russell's letters, (which had
evidently given great offence) he says only that
there was an interval between Lord John Russell's
letter and his answer." For this he gives no rea-
son, but that lie was laboring under a heavy pres-
sure of business; and, wishing to write fully, could
not find time to do so till the 16th. Of the slight
to the Queen's authority nothing is said. It is un-
derstood that, in this respect, Lord Palmerston's
conduct had given great dissatisfaction. There are
evidently sonime antecedents on that point which are
not explained. In the commencement of Lord John
Russell's speech, after stating to the House what
was and ever had been the rule of the Government
in reference to taking the orders of the Crown on
important matters of business, he read to thie House
an extract of a letter from the Queen, in August,
1850, which exhibits a rather remarkable foresight
of the leading features of the present transaction, and
is for this reason worth quoting:
The Queen requires, first, that Lord Palmerston will
distinctly state what hie proposes in a given case, in order
that thie Queen may know as distinctly to what she is giv-
ing her royal sanction. Secondly, having once given her
sanction to a measure, that it be not arbitrarily altered or
modified by the minister. Such an act she must consider
as failing in sincerity toward the Crown, and justly to be
visited hy the exercise of her constitutional right of dis-
missing that minister. She expects to be kept informed
of what passes between him and the foreign ministers
before important decisions are taken based upon that in-
tercourse; to receive the foreign despatches in good time;
and to have the draughts for her approval sent to her in
sufficient time to make herself acquainted with their con-
tents before they must be seit off."
The Queen's letter to Lord John Russell contain-
ing these stringent instructions was sent by her
order to Lord Palmnerston. It. h. ;, tl:. .,. ,. ir...,[,i. .1
by the course taken by Lord P. in some transactions
to which no allusion is made in the recent expla-
nations ; and shows a decided jealousy on the part
of the Queen towards Lord P.; ;i feeling unquestion-
ably entertained by a considerable portion of the
party habitually supporting the Government.
After giving the above account, such as it is, of
his conduct on this occasion, Lord Palmerston en-
gages in a general defence of the foreign policy of
the Governmesnt of which he was a member, taking
credit to himself for the friendly relations which he
had preserved with other Governments. T'he value
of this defence depends on the opinion which miay
be entertained how far in his foreign policy lie has
followed his own unbiased impulses, or has been
influenced and controlled by his colleagues. We ap-
prehend that the general impression in reading tIhe
explanations given on this occasion will be in favor
of the latter branch of the alternative. Our limits
will not allow us to follow Lord Palmerston through
his enumeration of thIe different foreign Govern-
mients. In reference to the United States he uses
the following language:
"The United States constitute a Power between which
and this country in former years the most serious difficul-
ties existed. But these countries are now upon a more
cordial footing, and a better understanding prevails be-
tween them than lhas ever before prevailed between those
great and kindred Powers. This is a state of thIings which
is very much owing to time abilities and conciliatory man-
ners of our late Minister to the United States, (Sir Henry
Bulwer,) and& very much also to.the manly, straightfor-
ward, frank, and conciliatory character of that distin-
guished person who represents the United States at this
Lord Pahlmerston, in this handsome compliment,
does no more than justice to Sir Henry Bulwer and
Mr. Lawrence. The latter certainly, and as far as
we know Sir Henry Bulwer, have done all in their
power to promote good feeling between tIe two
countries; and too much cannot be said in coitmmen-
dation of the course pursued by.them. But, as far
ais Lord Palmerston is concerned, it is a little cu-
rious that every one of thle grave questions which
have arisen between the two countries within twen-
ty-five years has been settled when he was out of
office. The Northeastern boundary and the African
question, the affair of the Caroline and McLeod,
which, under Lord Melbourne's ,.lihi,.t,..u.. uand
while Lord Palmerston was Foreign Secretary, had
all but led to war, were settled by Lord Aberdeen
and Mr. Webster in less than two years. Lord Pal-
nmerston exerted himself to the utmost to discredit
that settlement, and denounced it in a speech of
three hodrs as Lord Ashburton's eapitulathio. '[che
Oregon question, which had not grown into threat-
ening importance in Lord Melbourne's timo, loomed
up rapidly under Sir Robert Peel, but was satisfac-.
torily settled in the very last days of his adminis-
When Lord Palnerston returned to the r..,.'i:n.
Office under Lord John Russell, he found the rela-
tions between the United I.is, and Great Britain
on the most amicable footing. The difficulty about
Central America has since arisen. The precise state
of that controversy has not been laid before the pub-
lic, and we lay chlim to no private information, but
we are under a strong impression that Lord Pal-
merston's retirement from office is regarded at
Washington as a circumstance very favorable to a
final and satisfactory adjustment of that controversy;
and it so happens that the affair of the Prometheus
was settled, not by Lord Palnerston, but by his suc-
cessor. Such being time facts of the case, it will
probably be thought that Lord P. is hardly justified
in claiming the good understanding of the United
States and Great Britain as one of the fruits of his
foreign policy. Whether the case may not be much
thle same in reference to the other Powers, it is of
no great consequence on this side of the water to
With reference to the general effect on Parliament
of Lord Palmerston's defence, it is not easy from the
newspapers to get reliable impressions. The papers
in his interest declare it to be triumphant; the
"Times" pronounces it an entire failure. The dis-
cussion was very soon allowed to drop, and the
general feeling appears to us to have been, that it
was impossible for Lord John Russell to pursue any
other course. Nothing, in fact, but the strong con-
viction, on his part that it was- forced upon him,
would have led him, in the present state of his
Government, to risk so strong a step.
SAD ACCIDENT BY FIRE.-We learn from the St. Johns
(N. B.) Morning News that on the 10th instant a sad ac-
cident took place at Pier Jacques, in that Province. A
Mr. and Mrs. Campbell were absent from home for a very
short time, and during their absence three little girls of
the respective ages of seven, five, and two years were left
at home, who began to amuse themselves by running
round in a circle, until they became giddy, when they
fell on the floor near the fire, and the fire communicating
with their clothes, immediately enveloped them all in
flames. When the mother returned' home the child five
years of age was dead, the elder survived but two hours
afterwards. The youngest lingered for a few days, when
death terminated her sufferings.
THE LAW OF ENGLAND.
The following circular despatch from Earl GRAN-
VILLE to her Majesty's Ministers at Vienna, St. Pe-
tersburgh, Paris, and Frankfort, strikingly illustrates
the character of the British constitution and laws,
while it furnishes a very favorable specimen of the
abilities of the new Secretary for Foreign Affairs.
The despatch has just been presented, with other pa-
pers on the same subject, to both Houses of Parlia-
FOREIGN OFFICE, JANUARY 13.
Sin : Representations have been made to her Majesty's
Government on the part of several European Governments,
through their representatives at this Court, on the subject
of the proceedings of foreign refugees i,.. 1' i-.;s, i' ,,. -
land ; and it has been cc,.. :,i', demand ...1It. -t ii ,.'1' .h.
and effective steps should be taken by her Majesty's Gov-
ernnment to put a stop to those intrigues and conspiracies
against thIe Governments of various European Powers in
which foreign refugees now in England are asserted to be
By the e'. *;. ,;._ law of Great Britain all foreigners have
the unrestricted right of entrance and residence in this
country; and while they remain in it are, equally with
British subjects, under the protection of thu law; nor can
-i.. be punished except for an offence against the law,
and under the sentence of the ordinary tribunals of jus-
tice, after a public trial, and ona, conviction founded on
evidence given in open court. No foreigners, as such,
can be sent out of this country by the executive Govern-
ment, except persons removed by virtue of treaties with
other States, confirmed by act of Parliament, for the mu-
tual surrender of criminal offenders.
British subjects, however, or the subjects of any other
State residing in this country, and therefore owing obe-
dience to its laws, may, on conviction of being concerned in
levying war against the Government of any State at amity
with Great Britain, be punished by fine and imprisonment.
Offenders in this respect are equally open to prosecution
by individuals or by the Government.
Measures, in the form of alien acts, have been at differ-
ent times resorted to by the British Legislature, by which
the power of expelling foreigners, in case of necessity, has
been conferred on the executive Government; but such
powers, even when asked for only for the maintenance of
internal tranquillity, have been regarded by the people of
this country with jealousy.
The general hospitality thus extended by our institiu-
tions to all who choose to come to England has, from time
to time, been the means of affording a secure asylum to
political refugees of all parties, many of them illustrious
in rank and position. Among them may be mentioned
kings and princes of the two branches of tlhe Bourbon fa-
mily and the Prime Ministers of France and Austria.
it is obvious that this hospitality could not be so freely
given if it were not so widely extended. If a discretionary
power of removing foreigners were vested in the crown,
appeals would be constantly made by the dominant party
in foreign countries for the expulsion of their political op-
ponents who might have taken refuge in Great Britain.
Monarelhical Governments might object to republican re-
...... ,in.1 .publican Governments might object to roy-
.1, ,'.2..: amnd it would be difficult to defend such
hospitality, which would then be founded on favor, and
not upon equal laws.
It is the earnest wish of her Majesty's Government to
promote, as far as is in their power, the peace, order, and
prosperity of every country with which they are in friend-
ly alliance; but they do not think that any ground exists
which would justify them, on the present occasion, in ap-
plying to tl.n. L... l .. ..r .1,,. :i, ,...1dinaryorfurther
powers in i.- ',-'.. .. I..r. ,, ., r. I. in :,,i ,,... and
they have no reason to doubt that this opinion is shared
both by the Parliament and the public of this country.
With reference to thle intimation that exceptional mea-
sures of precaution may be taken against British subjects
travelling abroad, her Majesty's Government cannot com-
plain if, while insurrection is raging, or its flame is scarce-
ly extinguished, foreign Governments should take precau-
tions against suspected English travellers.
Her Majesty's Government adhere to the principle laid
down by Viscount Palmerston in his note of the 30th of
September, 1848, to the United StatesEnvoy at this Court,
in relation to certain citizens of the United States, who
had come direct thence to Ireland, then in a state of par-
Lord Palmerston did not in that note ask for any change
in the American laws, and lie expressly forbore to press
thie President of the United States with representations
against the offenders, but merely said that those who
visited a country in a state of insurrection must take their
chance like persons whom curiosity woulM lead into a field
of battle; and that thIe American Government must not
take it amiss if citizens of the United States who visited
Ireland at that time were involved in the consequences of
measures aimed at men of a different description.
The measures, however, to which he alluded were taken
with reference only to persons to whom, under Ohe pecu-
liar circumstances of the moment, suspicion attached.
But itwould be in the highest degree unjust, and unworthy
of thIe enlightened character of any European Government,
and wholly unwarranted by the course pursued by the
British Government on that occasion, to put vexatious
impediments in the way of unoffending English travellers,
by way of retaliation for the acts of foreign refugees in
\i i.. however, her Majesty's Government cannot con-
sent, at the request of foreign Govermnents, to propose a
change in the laws of England, they would not only re-
gret, but would highly condemn, any attempts on the part
of foreign refugees inEngland to excite insurrection against
thIe Governments of their respective countries. Such con-
duct would be considered by her Majesty's Government as
a flagrant breach of the hospitality which those persons
The attention of her Majesty's Government will continue
to be directed to the proceedings of suspected foreign re-
fugees in this country, andl they will endeavor by every
le'.,i amens to prevent them from abusing the hospitality
.. ii. accorded to them by the British laws. to the
prejudice of countries and Governments in amity and alli-
ance with Great Britain.
You will communicate a copy of this despatch to the
Secretary of State. I am, &e. GRANVILLE.
EASTERN, (MN.) FEBRUARY 27, 1852.
Messrs. GALES & SEATON: In times, of great excite-
mnent in regard to our national affairs an unusual interest
is felt in all appointments to the most important offices
under tlihe General Government.
It is I.-!.. i t. natural, therefore, that we should feel a
deep concern in tihe appointment of the successor to tihe
lamented Judge HIeATr. Public opinion has already in-
dicated several gentlemen, among whom it is no dispar-
agement to any one to say the most conspicuous is Judge
C IAM B]i aS.
Few gentlemen have a more enviable reputation as a
jurist, a statesman, or a man, and we present him with
pride as the representative of the Eastern Shore of Mary-
land, a district unsurpassed for its devotion to the Union,
and which huas never been honored by a seat in the Na-
tional Judiciary. LYCURGUS.
THE TEXAS DEBr.--The amount of the public debt of
Texas, as scaled in thie Auditor aumd Comptroller's bill,
which is now confirmed by the State, was .$G,827,278.
The amount appropriated in thie bill for the liquidation
and settlement of the debt is, with interest, only $4,539,-
076. The sum of $2,288,202 of reported debt appears,
therefore, to be unprovided for in the law. On looking
over the Auditor's report we find a class of debts recog-
nised and their vs~ue fixed, but not regularly filed and
audited. Two of these items amount to $2,117,189.
These nearly account for the apparent discrepancy. We
suppose that the amount not appropriated for represents
a debt wlhichl is known to exist, but of which the evidence
is not yet filed, so as to require an appropriation to fill
TuE WUEEL-BARROW EMIGoRANT RETURNED.-Many of
our readers will remember the account published in all
the newspapers, nearly two years ago, of a California
emigrant, who crossed the plains on foot and alone," with
a whceel-arror, conveying all his earthly goods, that is,
his provisions, clothes, tools, &c., in that humble vehicle,
and outstripping in his minarch numbers who started for the
land of gold with more showy and 0 ."';"' ,p..ir ii.
His name was Brookmire, and he i- irt,,,,, n t, t.iiI
fHis residence is at Warren, in Pennsylvania, where he left
a wifeb and family of children in very indigent circum-
stances, when he went over the Rocky Mountains to "try
his fortune." Brookmire has lately returned from Cali-
fornia, with $15,000 of the "dust," all of which he
dug and washed out with his own hands. And, as it is
very apt to pour when it rains, his wife received legacies
during his absence to the amount of $10,000, falling to
her upon the death ofsome relations in Scotland.
.'.. .... Journal.
M/ A. TYSON AND SISTERS' SEMINARY FOR
,. Young Ladles, on F, between 12th and 13th streets.
The third quarter of this institution will commerce on Mon-
day, the 16th of February.
Tuition in the higher branches, including ornamental needle-
work and drawing, per quarter.................................. $10
Prim ary class-............................................................ 5
Music, languages, and painting, separate charges.
For particulars, circulars may be had at the Bookstores of
Messrs. Taylor A Maury, Franck Taylor, RK. Farnham, or at
the Seminary. dec 2-eo3m
FARMING, MECHANISM, SCHOOLS.
Argument is not needed to show that institutions de-
signed expressly for preparing the young for their future
vocations should have some regard to those vocations.
Farming and mechanism are the two great pursuits of
human beings. Schools are institutions for the formation
of character and a preparation for future pursuits. It is
hence self-evident that the subjects and modes of early
instruction should have special regard to the funda-
mental principles of agriculture and the mechanic arts.
This sentiment is not only well-founded, but so far recog-
nised in present school operations as to render an adhe-
rence to it the surest ground of success by any teacher.
Very soon it will not be safe, it will be dangerous to dis-
Under this sentiment the Maryland Agricultural Society
invited the exhibition of juvenile specimens at their Fair
in October last. Under the same sentiment the committee
on "' SCHOOL PRODUCTS," composed of school officers in
Baltimore, made the following report, recommending to
agricultural societies and to schlmools a special and joint
action in the matter in their future arrangements. Aided
and impelled by such arrangements at "AoRICiULTURAL
ANI MECHAeNICS' FAIeS," to be held in various parts of the
country in future, school products will hold a prominent
place and secure commanding attention, greatly to the
joint and reciprocal benefit of :' .... Mechanism, and
REPORT of the Commnittee on SSchool Products to
the President of the Maryland Agricultural ., ....
The undersigned, a Committee on SCHOOL PEO'iCTS,"
exhibited at the late Fair of the Agricultural Society of
Maryland, have the pleasure to state that a few specimens
were presented to them for examination. Due notice not
having been given to the public of the wish of the Society
in regard to specimens of juvenile ingenuity anid scholar-
ship, the deposits were less in number than otherwise
might have been expected. The specimens examined,
though few in number, are of highly interesting chiarac-
ter, showing industry, perseverance, skill, and scientific
knowledge very creditable to the young producers, who, we
learn, are pupils of Mrs. J. Kesley, of Washington.
The articles may be enumerated as follows :
1. Several specimens of .hi,... strictly agricultural.
These are well executed anft .. 'i ,.- to the young ar-
tists that produced them, one of whom is twelve, another
fourteen years of age.
2. A case of minerals, showing the elements and struc-
ture of the globe We inhabit.
3. A case of minerals, exhibiting some of the materials
of the globe, useful in agriculture, architecture, and va-
rious other arts. These specimens were prepared by Miss
Julia B13. Kesley, who is entitled to commendation for the
neatness and skill displayed in their preparation.
4. A cube composed of a number of smaller cubes, illus-
trating the ratio of increase in surface and solid in these
essential instruments in tlihe study of mathematical science.
5. A truncated octahedron, hollow and filled with up-
wards of fifty smaller figures, illustrating principles of
natural philosophy, mechanism, chemistry, &e. These
specimens were prepared by Miss Lydia S. Kesley. Illus-
trating, as they do, some of the fundamental principles of
philosophy, mechanism, and practical mensuration, they
are of interest alike to farmers, mechanics, philosophers,
and to all classes of society. The practical knowledge
evidenced by these specimens most truly entitles Miss
Kesley to distinction among her sex.
From the examination of these few specimens of juve-
nile skill, industry, and intelligence, the committee are
induced to suggest the propriety of a more permanent ar-
rangement by the society for this department of deposits
at future exhibitions. They also suggest, as A 110.. the
attention of school directors, the encouragement of such
labor in thIe schools under their supervision. Ainming at
great excellence for high objects in the encouragement of
high motives must have a tendency to excite the ambition
and arouse the energies of young minds. Thus, in the
encouragement and promotion of vigorous efforts in these
most interesting departments of juvenile industry, a more
rapid improvement in i.- .:. , operations s of the schools
may be induced. In ... i ii ... of a taste for scien-
tific pursuits and a desire for employment, the introdmuc-
lion of such efforts among thie schools may prevent truan-
cy and other evils now so much complained of by instauc-
ters trained to such employment, the youthful mind may
expand under a healthy influence, and the disposition to
carelessness, disorder, and violence be prevented.
J. N. McJILTON. Chairman.
JOIN F. MONMONIER,
JOHN R. AW. DUNBAR,
To C. B. CALVEAERT, Esq. Committee.
President Agricultural Society of Maryland.
BALTIsionm, NOVEMinER 1, 1851.
COLLEGE OF ST. JAMES,
Washington County, Maryland.
THIE second term of the current -.. --.. r... on Monday,
T Mareh 1. Applications for th. I.....I. pupils ror r
fuller information to be made to t, iw i. ,,.. B. KREI'OOT,
D.D., Rector, &ec., College of St. James P. 0., Marylandl. Whole
charge, for board, tuition, A&c., for the academic year in the
College or Grammar school, $225. teb 10-2aw4w
rT EACHER WANTED.-The subscriber wishes to em-
1 ploy a teacher immediately to take charge of a Primary
School vacated in November last. Any one wishing to lalke
the school must be able to teach the Classics and the English
I......... and be of good moral character. A teacher from
*h. -.i.ih preferred. The school is in a very healthy neigh-
borhood, five miles above Piscataway and eleven from Marl-
boro'. The salary is $350. A .-. ' ;,.' .,, i capable
of taking the school will mniake 1....... .. ,r ,
Address Piscataway, Prince '. : -unity, Marylnnd.
feb 2-lawtf 11 BKIYAN, of Ill.
SPLENDID 10 LOTTE RIES
FOB MARCH, 1852.
Gregory & Maury, Managers,
( ETCC S S 0 S TO .TI . M A T & CO.)
7 ;., 11 !-30 prizes of $1,500.
KENTUCKY STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the town of Frankfort,
CLAss 54, r o 1852.
To be drawn at *' .... -.I. (Ky.) on Saturday, March 6, 1852.
78 number lottery-13 drawn ballots.
1 prize of ............. $35,000 1 prize of...............$2,389
1 do ............. 15,000 30 do ................ 1,500
1 do ........... 15,000 50 do .............. 500
1 do ............ 7,500 100 do .............. 300
1 do ............ 7,500 Ac. &c. Ac.
Tickets $10-Halves $,--Quarters $2.50.
$50,000 !-.--".,66"""- -. l I 2,r17- $7,000.
KENTUCKY STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the town of Frankfort,
CLASS 60, FOn 1852.
To be drawn at ... "',..* (Ky.) on Saturday, March 13, 1852.
1,; .h numbers out of 78 !
'. , wore prices than btianks.
I prize of.......... $50,000 1 prize of............$4,000
1 do................. 25,000 1 do................ 3,000
1 do............. 12,017 3 do.................. 2,000
1 d .................. 7,0100 10 do................ 1,200
1 do................. 5,000 10 do................ 1,1)00
Ac. &c. Ac.
Tickets $15-Halves $7.50--Quarters $3.75-Eighths $1.87.
Certificates of package of 26 whole tickets............. $170.00
Do. do. 26 halves......................... 85.00
Do. do. 20 quarters...................'.. 42.50
Do. do. 26 eighths....................... 21.25
$33,000-10 prizes of -i. oii'-
KENTUCKY STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of thie town of Frankfort,
CLASS 60, FOe 1852.
To be drawn at Covington (Ky.) ,. ,i3,.j .. M.irci 20, 1852.
66 number lottery--l: |i, .,. ,.. t-
I prize of...............$33,000 10 prizesof..................$2,000
1 l do...................... 12,000 10 do...................... 500
1 do...................... 5,950 10 do...... .............. 300
1 do.................... .3,000 10 do.................... 250
1 do....................... 2,20Q 10 do...................... 200
&c. Ac. A&c. A&c.
Tickets $10--IHalves $5--Quarters $2.50.
Certificate of package of 22 wholes..........................$110.00
do do 22 halves.......................... 55.00
do do 22 quarters........ ......... 27.50
$70,000-100 prizes of $1,000.
KENTUCKY STATE LOTTERY,
For the benefit of the town of Frankfort.
CLASS D, FOR 1852.
To be drawn at Covington (Ky.) on Saturday, March 27, 1852.
78 numbers-14 drawn ballots.
1 splendid prize of $70,000 I 12 prizes of..............$1,600
I 1 prize of.............. 25,000 I 40 do ............... 1,500
1 do ........... 15,000 100 do ............... 1,000
1 do ............ 5,136 200 (lowest 3 No. prizes) 500
8 do .............. 2,300 &c. &c. &e.
Whole tickets $20-Halves $10-Quarters $5-Eighths $2.50.
Certificate of package of 26 wholes .........................$260.00
do do 26 halves........................... 130.00
do do 26 quarters........................ 65.00
do do 26 eighths......................... 32.50
Orders for tickets and shares and certificates of packages in
the above splendid Lotteries will receive the most prompt at-
tention, and an official account of each drawing sent imme-
diately after it is over to all who order from me.
Address E. E. O'BRIEN, Agent,
(Successor to J. A C, Maury,)
feb 19 Alexandria, Va.
CONTRIBUTIONSAO THE MONUMENT.
WASHINGTON NATIONAL MONUMENT OFFICE,
MARCH 1, 1852.
Contributions received at this office during the
month of February:
FREE AND ACCEPTED MASONS.
N. C. Harmony Lodge No. 2, Ohio, second instal-
ment of $600 subscription-............................$75 00
Tray Lodge No. 64, Missouri............................ 8 00
I. 0. 0. F.
Wah-bun-orung Lodge No. 48, Michigan............. 5 00
Oliver Council No. 2, United Daughters of Ameri-
ca, Baltimore, Maryland............................... 10 00
SONS OF TEMPERANCE.
Canton Division No. 62, S. of T., Iowa................ 5 00
Northville Division No. 42, S. of T., Michigan...... 5 00
"Boston Light Infantry ....................... ......... 8 00
Mayor, Councils, and officers of Corporation of Co-
lumbus, Ohio...............................................100 00
Corporation of Georgetown, D. C1.......................100 00
Robert Campbell, Augusta, Maine...................... 10 00
Andrew Mitchell, North Carolinae....................... 3 00
*James Adams, Washington, D. C. (annual sub-
scription) .................................................. 3 5
A. A. Pettingill, U. S. Marshal, Connecticut, seventh
payment ............................... ..................... 50 00
Samuel Barr, U. S. Marshal, Delaware ............... 84 00
Jonathan IIorton, Assistant Marshal, N. C.......... 11 00
Thonmas Llewelliig, Assistant Marshal, Texas ...... 13 60
Contributed by visitors at "Monument Place"....... 208 00
From special agents ............ ...............370 00
T total ........................... ....................$1,069 25
The following blocks have been received lh,,;t.c the
month : From the State of Pennsylvania; from,;I 1,,.I Ma-
sonic Lodge of Pennsylvania ; from ladies of Manchester,
New Hampshire; from Independent Order United Brothers,
If one-third of the inhabitants of :'in.,..,. would
contribute annually $3.65, (one cent cI i I J.J I,-i Monu-
ment could be completed from this source alone in a few
GOLD MINES IN VIRGINIA.
\ ll. 111 the past three years several rich mines
have been opened and worked successfully in differ-
ent sections of the "r o.
The attention of the world has been awakened to
the importance of this branch of mining. Since
the discovery of the mineral wealth of California
thousands have flocked to that distant country, incurring
great risks and deprivations, in the hope of i '. .i i.;,
fortunes. A few have turned their attention i.. 1 ,.
business nearer home, where success hluas generally at-
tended their labors, while many of the sanguine wan-
derem's who ventured their all are returning, after a year's
absence, broken in health and spirits, no richer than when
We believe Conmmodore STOCKTON was one of the first
who introduced into Virginia effective machinery for re
during, on 1 ,I_. ,ca'le, the quartz rock, and de'monttrat-
ing that a pl'..hi i.i.. business could be done in this branch
Some three years since lie purchased the tract of land
in Fluvanna county, about sixty miles distant from this
city, upon which was a rich aind extensive gold vein,
where lie erected a large mill and other works. The
glowing accounts received from California of thIe rich-
ness and extent of thle uuriferous quartz of that country
induced Com. Stockton to suspend for a time his mining
operations in this State, and to send his experienced
workmen, with complete outfit, machinery, &c., to test tlihe
newly-discovered gold veins in (California.
We age informed by a friend who conversed a short
time since with one of the company that they were not
successful, the results not meeting expectations; their
operations were discontinued in that country, the work-
men returned to this State, and Cocn. Stockton has re-
sumed his mining operations in Fluvaiuna county on a
larger scale than heretofore, having introduced improved
machinery, and lihas good prospects of doing a profitable
and permanent business.
There are several other gold mines in operation in this
State, andil are said to be doing well.
We have taken some pains to gain information on this
subject, believing as we do that as the country becomes
settled and improved machinery introduced this branch of
mining in our State at no very distant day will produce
ain annual amount of tIhe precious metal that will go far
towards furnisl7hinff us with a solid bash for our currency.
The mines of '\," M. Mosieley & Co. and the Garnett
Mining Company in Buckingham county are perhaps pay-
ing larger dividends to thIe stockholders on their outlay
than any other mines in this State.
We have seen specimens of the quartz from this vein
unequalled in richness by any auriferous quartz ever
shown us. We were recently shown a large rock weigh-
ing 108 pounds, with the gold visible all through it, with
many other specimens -which were taken from the Garnett
vein at ninety feet from thie surface, at which depth tlhe
vein is from sixteen to twenty feet wide, all carrying
There are several shafts sunk upon the vein, and gal-
leries opened some six hundred feet in length, where tIhe
mills of these two companies- are situated near t...' l,.
and oun the same nicvein.
Six miles from these mines are two other mills, worked
hby Mr. Eldridge and Mr. Wiseman, which are said to be
doing very well.-Richmond 17hqg.
A FAIRFAX lFARM FOIl SALE.-That excellent
Farmn, of about 550 acres, in Fairfax count) V,, ... ...
belonging to the widow and heirs of the late John II...... I..
rcct, deceased, eight miles southwest of a ,,.j ... iind
six west from Alexiudria, is for sale, '(A in e '
on reasonable terms, and suitable property in Washington city
taken in part payment. It is situated between the Little River
ai nd Columbian Turnpikes," ,I ,. --.cune thIe former. lolmes's
Ruin, uponn which is situated oii. .Al of Messrs. Custis, Bar.
croft A& Cloud, passes through partof it, and it possesses several
fin. ,.,-..- .1 r.eIming branches of water. Much of the land
is I-, .I in i.,. . t. .and is more than an average as respects
quality" i-in-. admirably adapted to grass and pasturage. Thie
main I .. H.,. is a comfortable two-story, and there is a smfill
Cabin some distance from thie House. The society in the neigh.
borhood cannot be surpaissedl. For particulars apply to the sub
seriber, at the Indian Office, %i 2 ...j .. D. C.
sept t30-w6m JOIIN DOWLINO.
RAWN NUMBERS 1OF TIlE GRAND CONSO-
lidated Lottery of Maryland, Class No. 7.
16 28 22 3 45 7 26 37 19) 65 34 8.
mar I F. MORRIS A CO., Managers.
:1.t i; V A 1\ 1) S'I'ATE LOTTERIES
FOR MARCH, 1852.
V. MORRIS & CO. Managers.
GRAND CONSOfLIDATED LOTTERY, Class 8,
To be drawn in Baltimore, March 6, 1852.
1 prize of.................$40,000 1 prize of..............$4,001)
1 do..................... 19,109 1 tdo.................. 4,000
do..................... 8,000 1 dol ................. 4,000
1 do..................... 8,000 1 do.................. 4,000
1 do...............-...... 8,000 8 do............ 2,000
1 do..................... 8,000 100 do... .......... 5OU
&C. &C. &c.
Tickets $12-Halves $6-Quarters $3.
Certificate of a package of 25 wholes......................... $170
Shares in proportion. ,
S'- FOR SATURDAY, MAciChi 18. j
GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY, Class G.
To be drawn March 13. 1852.
$55,366 Capital Prize.
40 prizes of 5,000 Dollars 179 prizes of 600 Dollars !
&c. &c. &c.
Tickets $15-xHalves $7.50--Quarters $3.75.
Certificate of a r ._.. r 26 wholes...........................$220
* ..... in proportion.
GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY, Class 9.
To be drawn in Baltimore March 20, 1852.
1 prize of..............$35,000 h prize of ............ $5,000
1 do..................... 25,000 100 do.................. 1,000)
1 do..................... 15,000 60 (lowest 3 Nos.)... 667
1 do....... ........ 7,500 Ac. Ac. Ac.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Quarters $2.50.
Certificate of a package of 25 wholes........................... $140
FORO SATURDAY, MARCH 27.' [g
$80,000 !-$40,000 !-$20,000 !-$10,0000!
GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY, Class H.
To be drawn in Baltimore March 27, 1852.
78 number lottery-20 drawn ballots.
1 prize of-................$80,000 1 prize of-...............$2,000
I do....................... 40,000 1 do.................. 2,000
1 do....................... 20,000 10 do.................. 1,000
1 do....................... 10,000 10 do.................. 750
1 do....................... 5,000 10 do.................. 500
1 do....................... 5,000 100 do.................. 400
1 do....................... 3,000 1,000 do (lowest 3 Nos.) 323
1 do........................ 3,000 &c. &c.
Tickets $32-Halves $16-Quarters $8-Eighths $4.
Certificate of package of 26 wholes....................... $400,00
do do 26 halv es.......................... 200.00
do do 26 quarters....................... 100.00
do do 26 eighths...................... 50,00
Orders from any part of the United States for Tickets in the
above magnificent Lotteries will meet with prompt attention.
Address F. MORRIS & CO.
Managers, Baltimore, Md.
JD All communications strictly confidential.
EDEN HALL, (Incorporated 1849.)
INSTITUTION FOR YOUNG LADIES,
UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE
"Ladies of the Sacred Heart,"
Holmesburg, Philadelphia County, Pennaasylvania.
THIS institution is situated about ten miles i'r.n the city of
Philadelphia, and possesses every advantage that parents
and guardians can desire.
The situation is salubrious and agreeable; the pleasure-
grounds extensive andqighly-cultivated, affording the young
ladies every facility for the enjoyment of those in' g.,raung
exercises so conducive to health.
The culture of the youthful mind and the training of the
heart to virtue being the important duties entrusted to the
"Ladies of the Sacred Heart," no pains will be spared to in-
struct their pupils in those branches which constitute a islid
and refined education.
Every attention will be paid to the physical wants and com-
forts of the pupils, who are always under the immediate super-
intendence of the Ladies.
Difference of religion is no obstacle to the admission of
young ladies ; but good order requires their attendance at the
public religious exercises of the institution.
Board and tuition, including every branch of polite lite-
rature, per annum, payable half-yearly in advance...... $1510
Each pupil will pay, on entrance, for the use of bed, &c. 5
Music, Drawing, and the T.'inun.ze at the usual rates.
Postage, Books, Stationer... ..i W I.. ,, are charged to the
The French language being universally spoken in the insti-
tution, this important branch forms no extra charge.
The annual vacation will commence in July, and scholastic
duties will be resumed in September."
For further particulars, if required, apply to the Right Rev
Dr. KENKICK, Archbishop of Baltimore; or to Madame
TUCKER, Lady Superior, Sacred Heart, Eden Hall, Holmes-
burg Post Office, Pennsylvania.. jan 23-cp.lm
P 111% It. -I It.I'E I" It.l.' tBLIL REIL I: Ltale
on the Potomac River.-In pursuance of a decree of
Mon tgomery County Court, sitting as a court of equity, in the
case of French Forrest and others vo. Moreau Forrest, the sub-
scriber, as Trustee, will offer at public vondue on 1....l..:. .I V.
the 10th day of March next, at the City Hall, in W i.,u..
at the hour of 1 o'clock, all the lands lying in Montgomery
county of which the late Joseph Forrest was seised and pos-
sessed at the time of his death, eithe in his own right, or in
the right of his wife, except Lot heretofore sold to Win. H.
Offutl and Milton Garrett.
These lands consist of several tracts or parts of tracts of
land lying on the Potomac river and Chesapeake and Ohio
Canal, about IS miles from Georgetown, possessing all the ad-
vantages of a direct water carriage to the District, command-
ing a noble prospect, and I-..: ".11 1. *.1., containing about
565 acres, more or less. i.. m,.I .-1,. I. consist of a dwel-
ling house and other out-houses.
Terms of sale: One-fourth of the purchase money in hand,
the residue in three equal instalments of 12, 18, and 24 months
from the day of sale; the whole to bear interest from the day
of sale, and the payment thereof to be secured by the bonds of
the purchaser or lpurehasers, with surely or sureties approved
by the Trustee. On the ratification of the sale, and the pay-
ment of the whole purchase money, and not before, the Trus-
tee will convey to the purchaser or purchasers the property to
him, her, or them sold, free, clear; and discharged of all
claims of the parties to the cause, and of any person or per-
sons claiming by, from, or under them.
The plants of the property will be exhibited on the day of
sale. t J. BOWIE, Trustee.
Sale to take place at the auction rooms ofDvEr & McGumnE,
in this city, on Wednesday, the 10th day of March next, at 1
o'clock P. M. feb 11-eots
ANI)Y POINT FOR SALE AT AUCTION.-The
S undersigned, prevented l. '- III -... I i uh -. his un-
divided attention elsewhere :, r. In- I. . 1 r1 will sell
publicly, (unless previously sold privately, and of which duo
notice will bie given,) at the Bollingbrook Hotel, in Peters-
burg, (Va.) on Wednesday, the 26th day of May next, at 11
o'clock A. M., without reserve or regard to weather, that valu-
able, highly-improved, and heavily-timbered estate known as
Sandy Point, situated on James river, in the county of Charles
City, Virginia, 45 miles below the city of Richmond and 32
below the city of Petersburg.
This fine body of land contains 4,453 acres, and has been
advantageously divided into four well-located farms, with
dwellings, commodious barns, &e., and into five valuable lots
of timbered land exclusive of an ample allotment of wood and
timber for each farm.
Persons desirous of investing in lands of a quality not often
in market, are invited to examine this estate,
Printed bills, giving the quantities in the subdivisions, &c.,
will be furnished, and accurate plates exhibited to applicants.
Possession given of thjtiminbered lands immediately after
sale of the farms, at the cei of the year, with the privilege of
*l :.,. and o--lip", wheat.
.... One ,1: ...; balance in five annual instalments
for the farmns. For the timbered lands one-third cash and three
annual instalments; credit payments to bear interest and to
be secured by deeds and approved endorsed i... ..,1.i.' notes
or bonds. R. B. ]3,II.| I ,-,.
Ad '. ./' .!, '. Vigsinia.
jani 3---lawtf P-.\N .111. 1.s .i', Aucts.
ANI) 1"OHt SALE.-In pursuance of a decree of the
Circuit Court of Loudoun in the case of Glascock versus
I , will be sold, at public auction, to i, i..., .i .1 1.l... on
Monday, the 8th of March next, before tti- .. a.. ih. '.urt
HIouscin the town 0 i ... I.i... ., I, .l.. ,u-,, .r.\ , ,. ",.
very valuable tract of lahind on which Uriel Glascock now re-
sides, lying; in the said county, adjoining the lands of James"-
Mount and others, within a mile of the turnpike road 1. r
from Aldie to Snickerville, about five miles from the ,lla,-.
of Aldie and M I.i.'l. i.,.. ,,. containing about 403 acres.
There is on the I 1...... 1.. I. dwivelling-house of brick, a
good orchard, and good 1'"i.';- It lies in a healthy, fertile,
nind beautiful country. i I. .. iis of the best quality, and
in a line state ofcultiwation.
The terms of the sale will be: One-tenth of the purchase
money in cash, and the residue in four equal instalments,
payable, one on the confirmation of the sale, and the others in
one, two, and three years, to be secured by bonds and reten-
tion of the title, and bearing inftrest from the day of sale.
The sale will take place about midday. The title is believed
to be undoubted. Mr. Glascock will show the premises to
those desirous of buying.
BURR W. HARRISON,
feb 10-cpts ; Commissioners.
ATATERLOO FOR SALE.-This farm, not having
W been sold at the public sale, is now offered at private
sale. It is the farm on which the late Josiah- Tidball, resided,
near the village of Upperville, in Fauquier county, Virginia,
containing about eight hundred acres of the best quality of
land in that fine farming and grazing region, of which six
hundred and fifty acres are open land, and one hundred and
fifty acres in wood. Of the open land, two hundred and thirty
acres are in sod, two hundred of which is seventeen years old,
and thirty about eight years old; one hundred and twenty
acrcs in clover sowed last spring, and tihe remainder in clover
two years obl.
T'hlie dwelling-bouse is handsome and comfortable, with all
the out-buildings suitable to a gentleman's residence and a
farm of the size. Nearly all the fencing is of stone, and every
field I ... .;,, .' i.ter. It is well known to be one of the
most I I .. i.e, in the fine agricultural district in which
it is situated. It will be sold entire, or divided into two or
more firuins, as purchasers may desire.
If thie purchase money is well secured, reasonable terms of
credit will be allowed.
Aniy further information can be obtained by communicating
with either of the undersigned, residing in Winchester, Va.
THO A. TIDBALL,
sept 17-wtfep Executors of Josiah Tidball, deceased.
W INTER ROUTE TO CHICAGO.-Trains of Mi-
chigan Southeru and Northern Indiana Railroads run
daily (Sundays excepted) as follows:
Leave Monroe aud Toledo at 8.15 A. M.; arrive at Laporte
at 0.30 P. M.: thence p -n''-cpr go by stage on Plank Roads
13 miles to Michigan i.1. mii. .. by cars 40 miles to Ains-
worth; and by -I ,a. 1" .files to Chicago. After February 1,
by cars through ".. i. '
Returning to Laporte same way--ears leaye Laporte at 7.30
A. M., and arrive at Monroe and Toledo at 5.45 P. M.
Daily stages connect with Fort Wayne at i.r.,.. ,th Lo-
gansport, La Fayette, and Indianapolisat ...O. ll, r.i ; and
at other places on the line, with the principal towns north and
At Toledo this line connects at 5.4- P. M. or 7 A. M. with
the Lake Erie South Shore route by stage and railroad to
Cleveland, Erie, Dunkirk, and Buffalo.
Passengers (t Cleveland cioc take cars all the way to Pitts-
burgh-thence by railroad and 28 miles staging to Philadel-
phia and New York, or Baltimore and Washington.
E. P. WILLIAMS, Superintendent.
Adrain Jan. 14, 1852. jan 27-tf
W ANTEED.-A Gentleman from France, who was
W for a length of time Professor of the French, German,
Latin, and Hebrew languages, and of Mathematics and
0. ..,.r *..l>. in one of the first institutions of Germany, is de-
..i .' *. aching in a college, seminary, or private family.
lIe can furnish testimonials from the most satisfactory sources,
and is now teaching in one of the most celebrated institutions
of this country. lIe is also qualified to give instructions on
the piano. Address J. W. Z., Washington, Pa. feb 24-3t
GREAT ELECTORAiL tIlU-.I %N STATE LOAN
Of c,725,tIt Po I),hI^,
TIlIIS LOAN is guarantied by the Government, and con-
tracted by the eminent Bapking House of Messrs. M. A.
VON RoUTIscmILn & SONS, in Frankfort-o-the Maine. The fol-
lowing capital prizes must be gained, viz:
14 of ...............$40,000 i60 of ...............$4,000
22 of ............... 36,000 60 of ............... 2,000
24 of............... 32,000 120 of ..............: 1,500
60 of ............... S,000 180 of ............... 1,000
&C. &C. &c.
The smallest prize is 55 dollars.
The next drawing takes place irrevocably on the FIRST o 0'
The price of the tickets is as follows:
One ticket for............ $5 Six tickets for..........$25
Thirty ..... .... 00 -, ., for..........2i00
Remittances can be made in bank notes, bills, or drafts qn
Europe, Ac. Bach shareholder will receive, free of expense,
it,,. Prospectus, with full particulars, arid after the drawing
iihe list of the successful numbers, which will also be publish-
ed in the leading journals. The prizes will be paid in cash
at I L 1'l I'.. i i ',h MIln... Paris,London, New York,orNew
Apply, without delay, to MORIZ STIE3BEL, SONS, Bank-
ers and Merchants, Frankfort-on-the-Maine, Germany; or
those who prefer it can direct their letters to the care of
Messrs. STIEBEL A Cd., Mrr. iamta. lj N. h.atei,-. Le, I,,..e,
bard street, London.
P. S. Remittances which arrive too late will be returned to
the sender; or, if he prefers it, shares for the following Dis-
tribution will be forwarded. feb 26-3tawtl5May