National intelligencer


Material Information

National intelligencer
Physical Description:
Joseph Gales ( Washington City D.C )
Publication Date:


newspaper   ( sobekcm )

Record Information

Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 10202373
System ID:

Full Text


l ei ,_



No. 6361.

Paice-Pol a,E ixa tllttrs-for at mnonihs, four dollars,


The Minister of RussIA, the Chevalier ALEX-
ANDER DE BoDtico, xilt his family, l-It this city
last week, to embark at New York for his own
country ; to to hich, on leave olf his Governmten, he
makes a visit after se.eral ;eari' absence. He ar-
iived at New Yoirk, wve obsi-rve, on Friday, and is
in all probability by this time on his stay across thle
.It would be doing ihttjutice to thle general feeling
of this coninmunity towards this esteemined foreigner
Ito permit hint to leave our shores, whether tempo-
r.jrily (as e hape) or for good, without expressing
the sabf.gear -tWthwihb o'

- vstt~~rq5Wiq~R-'P x- -5-' -

P usemi tomaPeik or him with l-ss reserve, we may
say, in all sincerity, 1hat of the numerous represen-
tatives of Forf-ign Puiters nho have resided al the
seat of (;,vernmelut during the last thirty years, w,
do iino renmtember one tiho has acquired so general
atnd enviable a popularity atvmong us. Speaking our
language t ith the fluency of his own, he has min-
gled with ease and without ostentation with our citi-
zens, and, bI the turbanity and frankness and libe-
ral hospitality which have distinguished him, he has
won the warm regard of at; a sentiment which was
doubtless strengitheind by the fact of his having
formed among us and with us the dearest and ten-
deresi of lies The best wishes of our community
attend hint and hi, sctimable and lovely lady.
Nur is it of our community alone that the kindest
wishes attend him on his voyage to his native land.
In every part of the Union he has friends, among
our Legishitors and our Statesmien, of every politi-
cal party, who have had an opportunity of knowing
him, and who will always rejuicu to hear of his
welfare and prosperity .
III VItRMONT, Mr. MATrOCKS, thie Whig candi-
date, has failed in an election by the people by a
f'w hundred voices, owing to thu number of voles
given to thle abolition" atnd scattering" candi-
dates ; but will of course be chosen bIs the Legis-
lature when it assembles. Both branches of' the
Legislature ate decidedly Whhig. Mr. MARttSH and
Mr. Foor, the Whig candidates in the first and third
districts, are elected to Congress by decided maio-
ritie. In the second and fourth districts there is
ssid to be no choice.

We learn from the Frederick Herald of Saturday
that the loird of Directors of the Chesapeake and
Ohio Cenal Company, at their meeting in Frede-
-- ta|T#d.-y JLisi, unanimously approved"
0ame ngenient which had been entered into by
" the President of the Baltimnore and Ohio Railroad
Company, in conformity willth a resolution preyi-
ously adopted, for tIhe transportation of coal and
iron on the Railroad from Cumbe-rland to Dam No.
@. Under this arrangenucit (says the Ilerald) we
learn that the Railroad Companly agrees to trans-
port coal at two cents per ton per mile, and iron at
the usual rate, to Dam No. 6, and such articles as
may be brought to Dam No. 6 on the Canal, to
Cumberland at the regular charge, until the trade
reaches an amount requiring a material augmenta-
tion of machinery.
The jerald makes the following brief exposition
of the mPotives of the n w arrangement
We believe that the two leading ohjec- is in view
by the prujercirs of tbe arrangement were, the
Present increase of the tolls, and the foatering of
6 the coal trade: but it never was expected, as has
Been elsewhere intimated, that the Canal Corn-
Spany by this arrangement would be able to pay
Sthe interest on its debt to the State.
"That desirable result can only be effected by
Sconipleting Ilir Canal, and the sooner the better.
SThe present scheme was adopted, as regards its
fiancial aspect, as a temporary expedient to in-
crease the present weak resources of the Com-
pany and add to its reienpes by opening a new
trade, and in this view it was judiciously designed
and has been carried out with zeal atd energy."
-1-*u 11014 IN MAINE.
The scattering votes for Governor are so numer-
ous thai it is probable there is no election by the
people. The vote for the abolition ticket has great-
ly increased since last year, and many democratic
votes hase been given for Mr. KAVANAOH, the act-
ing Governor, who is understood to be a Conserva-
tive Democrat. These facts, lugeihir .v'ith the
opathy of a large poi'tian of the ll'hi and Demo-
cratic parties show that the people of that State
are not altogether satisfied with the present organi-
zation of parties. -.. .
In many of the towns there has been no choice
of Representatives, and only about twenty out ol
ihinty-one memnt bers of lie -Senate are elected by the
people. The result of the Congressional election is
unknown. Mr. DuNLP is certainly elected in the
CLimberland district, but several districts have pro-
bably failed in cleciing either of their candidates.
[ Boston Journal.
Thle Whigs of the First Congressional district
of Pennsylvania have nominated EDWARD JOY
MORRIs, Esq. as their candidate for Congress.
A UtUSTUS BATON was appointed the Delegate to
represent the district in the National Convention
and (GEORiGt G. WEST his alteirnale,
GEORtGIA.-The lig Cominilvtee of Nomination
fur this State have selected ABSALOM H. CHAPPELL
as the candidate of their party to fill the vacancy
in Congress occasioned by the resignation ofl Mr.
LAMAE. ALEXANDER H. STrsIPHENs had been pre-
viously chosen as the Whig candidate to fill the va-
cancy caused by the resignation of Mr. CooPER.
The election is to take place ou the 2d of October.
We see it stated that the Hon. D4NItL WEBSTER
has been tleained as counsel for tlle heirs of Ste-
phen Girard, in connexinon with General JoNEs, of
Washington, and a gentleman of the Bar of Bal-
The city retains Messrs. SERog..ANT, BINNeY, and
It is understood the heirs contend that corpora-
lions cannot act as trustees. Of course, there are
other grounds assigned bor proceedings.
[ U. S, Oa=ztle.

We need not further pursue the iteration of these fwns in, avor l' a urvey,.-r, has been refused on account of criminsla When this decision was ipr.,i,.unced, lMr. _ao
complaints. The following is however, the mate- of Lhe altnahim Tn T' whole proceeding is singular i its T-- wasirde to look eceedinglv aheepih, when thelay v The extensive carriage and cab manufactory of Messrs.
o The f wc, ararter, nd very oippresmive to lh, surveyors wh, have tendprrd hinmter hand in presence of the speualtirs, .J cor- Vaiderwerken &Co. at Newark, was consumed by fire on
rial part of the letter-the part which is to thu point earned Itheir money and are deprived of1 it by the private diailv lorgav him his attempt io. injure her.-.ouri,r un. lhuit-dv i.t atlit two o'clock. Th be fire originated
of Ihe present grievance claims against a takrupt officer." _____ Enquirr n1h,-..i________________, s, ., i ance. s
"Colonel Snivley is called a Txian-bat is be one 7 BsIU.oINL WaTR Tu Bosrt)N -The subject ol supplying AN--.tiHE R uTrloN.-On Wednesday a German p, -dls,,
This position cannot he maintaned; he is ia native ul ithe Bstor with waer Irom the neighbing c..untiy begins to who wa arstan ii i between iwu trains l,1 cars at Kinigsoun, INIMANANrtMITY OP F AR EVla I'RT.,i tii \ HRi) -The United 1
United States, and the name which he gives himself does nut excie ttentoi in that city. A subrpon as bee opened Mlsschcsi tt In arltmperg to ge uUot t the way, ft land Slata- Government n,n,, ,- eilly allowed Nai4N BcEas, 1
for the purpose. The water is to he biought from a lake in was rut. overly one train and cut l. ,iecfs. '[his should Eq of New Haven, (i ,11 ) is arrear uf a,.:ion due I
lesen the crime be has commtiied in raising armed banils the nighh..rho-d called Spot Pornd ; the expense is estimated serve as a W-ring lu Ithose per)-ons tha' make a practice of him, amounting to 93,360, the old veteran magianimoudry a
against the Mexican Republic from the United States. Ifin aL j500,uth0, and the time necessary to complete the sorks standing betwn the trains of car- biile in motltn, as we .isitubeted the anrjuit a ino.ngihhose who were his creditorsin ft
those Sttews the present adventurers were rawed, in them will be from twelve to eighteen month. have seen theoMi a great many mntances. ISit), when he failled in buimess.a

GREAT FLOOD.-On Saturday last we published an ae.oiunt
ol the damage done to buildings and other properly in hi. cii y
and iltsvicmily by theibtetquinnciial s ltorm We l now tel
selves called on to notice much more extensive injuries rln,, 1i
public and private properly in this cily and in Georitrion,, I-y
the unprecedented rising 1l the water in the Potomiiac anri I H
the Chesapeake and Ohio and Washinglon Canals on tliu.
day last. The waler in the Washington Canal compleleifly
overflowed its banks, and at the Seventh tlieet ridge w-.,
at len o'clock P. M., at least two feet higher Ihan the ern.
banikmeint. Most of ihe cellars on the soulh itle of Penn-
) Iadtila avenue from Seventh street to Second stireel were
deluged with water; and the wood merchants on ithe margin
of the canal and basin suffered considerably. In the low
uoiundSon othe margin of thecanal in the Fifth Ward ihete
wae sri extensive sheet oi water, which rendered some of tic
cireels impassable to foot passengers.
In Giorgetown we regret to stae that the flour ait.<
wio-d merchants along Waler street have suffered hiaiIy.
The waler has inundated all the cellars and many f tihe
principal warehouses in the principal business tir-i ajd


MEXICO AND THE UNITED STATES. likewisewereprocuredthe mnuhnioiisofwar. Independence, k'sv OUR NRII.YORK (iflR.-PO'[ilKN/. NEW NOVELS.
-- in Missouri, was the sts ing point ol these men the place j --
In a New Orleans paper (the Courier) we find, where the l.,ws of were trodden upon belongs li the I' NEW YORH, SrPi'EMBERt 15, 1643. We have lately rea.- iw.w new nrv,-la, .ilth from aulhor al
in a form imipprlfectlv Itranslated from the Spunish, Unil ,l SItE-, which country also gave birth to u ihee com- T Te suitn hias overturned a 'r,' at de.l of i3t,-.r wihat alI tald great 't-rlihiy, namely, Sir EnwatRD L. BUO.IsER
he sequel fh- leter (son ime p i-in armi. The pre of ihe said Stales car, well say P US in balancing on lhe t quttor, and ir ni clih.-it ar1 ihil oihberErinlth mhk.tro. 0Orraces iy-vmachine--ihe in-
ie sequel tif .h, leter (so te, ince pablRhed ai there.Jiii.,niTian,. enirelyTean;that Itheclnef f. walls are llleral-l dripping. Fi'm tih ,rrid p thrusl.I ,Mr. J 1-i, -i who gir ub, whose perI-tnial flow
oflhe Mexcan, rtr. oflal r. BicNo^, who coinmand, niis a r, ;ed that the point IIrer drendz heaster of veslerdav, ,cold 'and iat, *Lte hitv,. "'f'r-ieial 'e nirn-ta>, to our Minister to that Republi, complaining of the oiius is in T,Latsi But what proofs can these perodicils sr^denly been transferred to a tepid SiR`lheasei R-, r-nhe.,re,, t s, i,,i, ti.l.,ie
inroads from Texas, as things for which this nation bring ltrward in the face ,.I such overwhelming evidencel1 a the atmosphere within doors is Itldmin ntu;-iurm Ernitt ....i. I. ,~ U i, I,',i ,
is responsible. The translation of which we speak By assigning to this or that one sa.,m other place ofnat.vity 1 I* I e full sponge. If we do nol see th llifce of the As B,.esiu -ing, thai is to ,ay-
offers General TnoitPSO's reply anrd the rejotinr.eded trom the north towards t equilibrist hb nor.n, I shall have to rino ti t r'
o rGO the front die t dL MsIt,, it mut hb Texan ; although those b -o be moppeud ot, in dread of r etnai l i '"" T.r,, ii, e"", .*,ii a ie ,-,,i,,c.
of the Mexicait. Bolt are ill translated ; hut Gen. conrpo-inr it hase comE from ,he United Srates. Perbap- most obstrep-rous and ilI-pla .d lunt itt ai ti' til wl h o ,' 'it i,,w reii, sNd up-n eth ofl
THOIPSON's, or course, twice as ill as Mr. Boce- Ind,.pendenrc. belongs I,. TlaI s it not In Miss.uri, and c "eh horn called me to tlte Windowv this inoniet. which we tyse fl-"tn awn, in -,F1It ,, ,lle:cIual ibauch,1
Nrata's ; for hh. has first .unlpred probably no very i rd t hat a part Oh the UuiLtet Stateas These facts, toes I Ia h t B '
good venvioni in to S urhIe i, and the sutiseqient F.a thin w ih th ligence receiedreseved by the Chief M agtstraie 'or e mtc vi oelen tiri d n ldome ai gt, rla tnhi tuj :ntil t't i the. s,". in J la'F s Heir '
good version n ii n l e a o the Rpublic, give tih clearest right to the undersigned 1o t a crlo ha d of meos Hi Ol),ru 1 Btf i etel Jar g a ll hl udrindr yl
atron toa cartload of maloiis. Hi, C (OtdfilpuitI O -),eii ri-e iC-,1w5 -at Cut thing vscery tab -Iall *rsy tl1ir'g
sage into ver bad English lids in many places made u, e h ermsor phres in he iot of Ithe *31 July talt, Ivthe horse, and a pou r shivit, p, ool--du very -i, ihey rit waru tr si ti-s cld i tey art
la taadaeporu.ily dry..1-ut.set c-itte.-ituci ,Ithey are
a complete jumble uf his ileiedting. We shall not, which, if he hadomintedmnighlhibe ad.lured a &inst him when e drleing on tie hon e's back. I saw a bfruit- ,tlsed r leb n o ,ui to ydrybu t c.- i tuy efe. ll t hi, cIh eye
therefore, do him the injustice of now copp ing a substantiatinghin his tghtt a future period. i e hors.'s back.a n Ih sa o- iei l"*ender J, I ough. Ili h ,rtedec tIwhich they
paper, thus deformed, which we shall in due timee Before closing th is note, Mr. Thompson will permit the.' twosince atainingl th n o ost nearly approach h
undleraigned tu remark thattthe allusion itn the note of Jr4w his horse decked out with an old ]o is that .,f b,ch Vhltire sey@,
.obtain in it.pra riL. shape ; but will merely, for relative to Lhe paymentoofi;.$ a ...a&B cctnt 1 fo Lded tJew orst eu..hat. a .... n.... c b.",a t as
aMatiq r resent its substance, as I'ar as wa stjW esa. 00e00e 1 mallda^i, t sT"pn fr ,,,deed he worsI rault thi a novel can have (wriien '1i
.....8-'- "'--., rggcrsaurs. Mexico has-oaher rights id msksie-ite0imaL. 'In realrt0a much interest yeslerda'v the hfitl -'. ,lel i., 0ueir) is thtI it i, unluosing.
agrsor. eatexce. te igt 6 mklle"1114.rl JAS litS ii-pu ite-ilcnirpodcieclud
,ny (Mr. TrOMPSON say ) is pleased i.'n now ireade, a), d the allusion was simply as a proof or roa new serial bouk ofi rate-, published -il -ti f la.i -tll i-,l-re pr.'.ductiven-e., holds
-, i .JIbltr Iit i/ er risi[ Intler.,, he right he said, in, the
to satethat, llon the public papers of TExa d-,ylv av the d faih punuality with which this cityV. It is called Wn'riderii,.t. ,II te S..-as Isuae.t i tr, hI. [havet.- iinnJ, hed ,i- great t I,.it;
sate hal, he publi paper .it k,-w hw i fulfil her enT.s< i ents, and the benevolent and Shores of Afri.',," aandl i,- ccop i -,.l, is ulak l cii" r i.,- Is .*ii.l. ,. n, hi ,, s-re---were i,,.ne ,-tI a
Sthie proclamation ol .inimiiice ulf Pre,id lld-nt li."s- ae i,i,,,ii tent bltIh 11- G i,-rimeuitii io pr-eserve the oul by Mr. BAcuN, (brotil-er ul" [i ,. innitm i ct lc-i \- ii,, iterct s,'I riehe .,t i,.. ni.t. ti- sue r ire ii &r
STON, il app ears h tdl thi- Texiati (;ovi rnnieuIt fla ,; i.iJ i- r..,rii t, di ,ith tl ru idlv raiiis, such aa tlhe Unii-d man 1of thatitanmn at Nut .1. -IIb e ,) ijhl I i 'i SotI. l, in r Ir w t,,.. E ,', rir lWatt. C' ittI isr ,c ha inre l uIF.-
S Iti authori/zed lth rpporiled inl asi u-it '" di a Fi," Slarr l-i t--, he aui.Ihi,, li. % n ihi o, ut :1, <'ul,,ii al Pli -itan 1. i'l,, i_'.' fi..t hi.,,. ,i' V, ,,, i' ,- ) wv I., t- t-,t'
and that, 1b' nruitt that anid oilier cincum -iai;c uii<:lfuji it 'HEe'ER lON r ELECTIOiN ho Libe-ri, "J theIvk i' e lt- i( ItI :. V.ti1i1t-w Butwer ti e ;il is iti, ,' sent 'lay ) h as 'ivintiet- I.,rI c
THE VrER.tMd thON, r ELECT.ION i .,]1 tlit..Bulwer tike L.Irln .-. F.I il,=er, J)i talw I]nw;r
ahe doe< notl menton,t it it i 1 I,,.- inlierred tI. ll,: hun.t T E Vi E t :R -- PL' E f Ir r er. [Ic,-in u *n li, i tlt h Il-. i ii its- ,, it t-re ,r i ,68",,t | it N le i h.t yea-l bLeen dlscove.-
Sadventurers are citizens of the United States. S ," r. isPeparatioso the enterprise, he says ed that could not be worked out. Scott and Potosi both
entureTr\s ntare ithato the U SaVERMONT ERECT.-Notwithstanding the unfavor- "]y various means 1 sought to secure myself against the failed at last, after having filled Europe with silver, and
He (Mr. T.) was not aware that, thus far, iany able results of elections in a rni.ijorily of the States, special dangers of African life. For five years I trained brought down its circulating value. But the others were
positive information had been received, either as to the progress of Locofocoism is again stayed in Ver- myself in a peculiar course of abstinence, hardship, and pe- liker to those Irish mines of which Moore speaks, that prom-
the reality of the invasion complained of, or any of month. Sufficient returns have been received to detrian exercise. From my 18.h to my P3d year 1 ate no ised much upon the surface but grew poor as soon as you
its particulars, or the official disavowal by the Pre- show that our opponents are occupying no better meat and no part of any animated thing, under a conviction attempted to dig into them.
sident of Texas. He should, therefore, have been grounds than last year. In the aggegate vote on acquired in myParty life from some of mray miscellaneous read. These had a vein, not very rich int some of them-not in-
the State ticket, which we give from 184 towns as ing that a pure vegetable diet would prolong the life of man, exhaustiblein any, when delved into without any intermission
glad that a complaint so grave could have been post- compared with last year, both Whigs and Locos and exempt him from most of the ills that flesh is heir to." of authorship. The greater gift of continuance," which
poned until its grounds were understood, have fallen away from sixteen to eighteen hundred During much of this period, I also rigidly abstained from tea, James displays, is certainly no native abundance, no vein, no
Some of those unprincipled and loose rovers who votes, while the third party has advanced over twelve coffee, alcohol, and tobacco, as excitants and exhilarants genius. Talent he might be said to have less than any of
are found in all countries to trample on morality and hundred. Probably there will be no, election of Governor ultimately injurious to the human system in whatever them, but that, in reality, talent is that which makes itself
~~qJatitiviestallke.I discarded the use of a soft bed, generally resources, and whether or not originally vivid haisb
the laws may have Joined tliemitlve to an expedi. and .L.-uleria,,l Governor, Last year the majority for Paine, @lee"" n kup.) 1dsaddteueoofbdgnrlyeorcadwetrorotoinlyvvid, attairs by 1
the laws may have jind lienelves to an expedi, ad Lu te t Governor Last year Bt the majority ofr Paine, leepn up-n a hard couch or upo still harder bards, with labor, cultivation, art, the purposes of talent, and regularly
tion of this sort. If such have, in this instance, over all, was but 908 by the people. But the majority of window open thro.6ghl the year, in the earnestness of my and unimformlv pleases or instructs. James joins to some
+ ~Whigs in the Senate has been increased by two additional'
issued from the United States, in a manner to vio- in Franklin county, one in Chittenden, and we hope two in endeaops t"o rid myselfof all those luxurious comforts which cleverness the faculty of selecting good material and working
I 1m-ed ~lai.. oly o nerareth boy, o nfi i fo itupwit certain artist-like goodness of general exerurlo,,.
late her national relations to Mexico, his (Mr. T.'s) Bennington. Many changes in the representatiop in the t hleietdl-l hr tips oaonly to enervate the body, to unfit it for it up with a certain artistlike goodness of general eieuion.
Governmentswill not only interpose her authority House have occurred ; but iitti, d.,ibt reOais that we shall Ithe hardship of a life of labor and adventure, and to tender He is not a great painter, like the mighty inventors ,n ihrl
to punish the fact, but will go as far as Mexico her- be as strong in joint ballotas last year, and Pr y a little itthi more liable to the attacks of disease took mny art ; nor even a great engraver, like the Morghens or others
to punish the fact, but will go as far as Mexico her- be as strong in oit ballot as last year, and probably a little iedeistrian tuurs, braving alike the heat and sunshine of sum- who copied them by a noble and a difficult process, so differ-
self will go in securing lie otietnJeri. It nhe. 51Ltuwnsa n ead irom on ther G.,vernor' VP, nler arid the c.-id srmr lf winter, in a dress ihe same in all ent a ito demand a high originally; biul he ii rather a litho-
He does iot, houvrve, for .1 monteltl ibeliev lithal Paine (Whig,) leit year had d3,67, Sriili (Li-,co)iocu) 3 i sean e ouns s'ur,--me years I rarely passed three day- i.-.-then grap h.-r, reducingg with grcat rapidity cheap resemblances of
the expedition ii qu-sition has beei raised i llti- t Will-ma (bliionl.t and scall, rrig) '275; Psr,'s tnajorily widhut ewalkligh ekvsrnl milis, ..Ien. through paitHless wood Herai aiki.
[United States, or proceeded Ifroni the,.it lerritory. wa 0. Ra incy, Litultnai G,vernor, 2.6t.,, SSpaulding, and over rough r,.ks and mountains. I 1,..k back .,,I, e Hia L,,..,,s are, for lhe igraer part, lkilhul enough selec-
His Excellency rev-fers, as to Ihis, Io prool'_ dr.,i.,n Trearurer, I. T he. The pia tabtihy is that S-epuldrin t eI i e lnd u n es of a h is u l ulZ 1inft CI l.eleims1 ni s boi'l", .r/. ,;. tuon tori u the elr et ihro.clers, [roitalri Brantome and
-ji one ct- d ,i-rithe Suaie tickI wbhch sulilj.cied tuIe to lliu c 1ini-diess hl-lily eul-ervi, and .ihens; e rsi,rItroBn Barante arid thie abler huttorians of the
from newsptap-rs in the Uniled Stale-. Bill plain In iht lat and 31 Congre.saiotial districts Messrs. NIARtu hmbent'altrll p d Wasri d nuct ti trne and -irdgith wicBieh r Irith pre glet day, who have, ,y coiioiummate research, reproduced
principles of Itruth and evidence prescribe- ildl, wltn and dFoi.- have Islet?, cit-,il. In ihe-21" and 4ih disltrcls itl hae been efTpl,-,d in morfr nrrual m ',J wiW ,rfaler Iroai nglcisd s:,uree Ihf -eits and Lheper3onagesof other
you acceptla part ofa titness,'slistinmon., youmus is i doul-lul whiher DILi.IUNR.,M or CoLi.,Mta have been benefit to mysfiaod others 'lim ,s i.,h a minuienea ai,,l a tiuih which give to their aIs.
take il all ; and lite papers in qulion d`rtcl, aver 'I.' cied I, Lhinalatrn' dust rt Loroiy L oros cior ,..oLed -I:r AiMr. B.cui passu-d i iitn- or I(iit roi;.latis at C:,ie nbors atn.-t-- ihe caim ndtl ihptciu,esqu,,.s..f those which
and al l tppriqusn c avrPt, ad ,,| mn W, ,,:.ed for EVaRrTT Palinmas, neatlv two nlioullu at ie-rrd Leutc, ,& e *ititI.'n.n ol the middle a. rim the actual l,,. II
that thfe expedition is Teian--entirel.- Teitn. and Ts.-:Y. nion.hs on tlie 'anambi-i, twu nionith, rcu tin SIt,- ieal, *sSco-i showed hila Lhe as y nd ih mi rials. h[iis maYt.
The comninande-r is Ci)l. Snivel', a Teiain : the Thus ecrs tirarnch .,fG.,v,-rnment will ill h retained by. nd tide numerous voyaei'ts .iloiii lrie coast ul o ,-h i-r' nie snd e n mit r as m' taritqintyirable Yel
point Iromn which it -ets out ist hhlri nithat Republir; the Whii froi tihe yeir en4,iint, Thims vuiu.rt is more gra, negohiia and Guiunena, fruii llite D-sLI it lh i t, ha'lc tn in rmak, a produced no ab-ty li redly gdle o-.k
and in every circum.ntan.- ithe e.xpedition is Tesian. titeii. a.-..-r f.,ars had been .,mehne it .-ted Ly the cta>sor- Ihe Iold Coast, visitii'g ,iuintmr slUiionui, &Iave nuc del d r
p ersonsf rom i te lUnited St|.l-S moay have 'mu' idt e uln"eiute a Iot ruir op.e,,.nlea. The machinery factories, iradinga. places, anid native towns b.luroe T r hn da onisB hi also oer.
ny erms 10 h. yhe ,'ro'rn tae oh b o Miss Iacsinen hae al Iso a7nered.=
another pnriy sa.. put it,,o p,'.wrrful operation to muster their -uidcrib4d. H-e U sens new %facts on the subj'et ,, Tbt Pnea.k0ola lnDttdInter. :aotI& ,isquel ina....." O,
joined themselves to it ; but so, too, Irishmen may fi.,re, and make rei-uis Bul ib.e cour.fideuri A.UJWIr .. - ----- ......- t ,hee t(Iharik.s to Ie care- of the puhihier.) we have received
Iluave done. But .woould., lkei. .latler.-facr-.-s "- o- ti't ._Z ni. e-. i ---' ,1n onn..- u, o erce, &c., arid give, hele reIsil trir,, i.-t, r ;i-.ut a- vI (..r-.pied i ,,>.nr.ihig litter) withl.iI
responmIfly -y Great BIlaiI'Mr is wrong ? by ihir ati. -':guiwnti. The infamIus slanders put forth oh n tal practice iI the puicularn ditseseh otue..iil-ie Ii s again (hike the
li-e persuades hinsel therefore, tht e'; e.n the bL ,the Ag and hdr;dtd ,.rlane;LI the party against ithe Id ons wh osertios i,. itur, hit,-sr "f n-rtcdnt I.,-. toti... i ihts as. uteehl S northern tr
Be persuades hi .sel, therefore, tht e-r.n il le i -i se r n eav.,rs ile-s o undermi. .. .ur ie,,Li uritti h by b those 'it -el ions l,,il lh i ,,ir. ule, rEedir, s ri-n, r ..dr,,,i.- t t a, i ,, .. northern ro-
supposilioils O1M r. o oC. E R.t be corretl, lie ill, ,onrtiI. ,ri li d- a t a,,]ad Ihi ibnn it.uini.. i-r .umed by ui i t l- pltroci-d teious. F r-iu Iin hi, rn -1t iiuit n ml mtc Eng.Iihri d t., -%!t, ry H,.ti,h i h-tnt ,t he lucky lite--
on m aturer consideration, abandon ill :erivou- lh.,u lil ,.I r leaJ,is, ju-t b. f.,r,. ib,. t i.,,, tt-ei ,cltk iht., h..s ,hi to 'lk l l f k i hi , l ,
oh M .lexi.o'S claiming of Ithe L Uitpd e Sialt:- indemri- tin tartff, r',, all, i.Jhy un iu .u,tig L.-coir,e.iiu, it, V.-r. is written li i lii. of hnsti tinutth .,glap .ht I h Ith. rn it.- p..:.--itt, tini.l-.,r.
,o fr the p ictirreJ L ui ti i- to t is the u ,,r ed .rid .i.a,- 'be auied 'iny e tremely re-adah-ant.y ei]-mitrbl, nd e iniii, t I l -si,.. ti,-, l, Th,. r, r t-.,.k -..'m- ,i p-..-.'e a. yt with little abate-
nit fur he xpetst-- e i i ti in- L i |n llhe xay, in ils prli-fat,; ii, i -il, l tit-tr 11l ti, ah.-l.i, min ,' -hI.. p. Ll-tcar cls.,ro r uM i- Bi-,utn.r--her freshnesst
vasirin. i and disappoinintnc-it he lieind It lic.-.sdiI, [ .It tiib-te 1, ae, nd r,,r liil lke dtlinit nlt i whateveris engag.-
His Excellencv has also referred to the late punc- MASSAC[IUSSTI S. I' luihis buuk on io.,own pecuniary responsibility- tug in private, domestic lite. Of the degree of interest which
'L '.t -- le present -miate il Illi book-trade being such as the tale affords we are, of course, unable to speak. In that
tual payment by Mexico of the stipulated indemnity The Convention of tie Dt-.noLrac.'" oi Masat- to prev-nt him l rcm diposing of the copyright at it may fail ; for she seems tous to write the history of a real
to citizens of the United States for spoliations, as chusetts met at Worces .-i 4 1 \ ediiesa11y. Ist c' iri' advdntaep in the ordinaryy way, ts the book- family, perhaps her own, and is probably pursuing it too tar.
constituting a new claim upon the friendship and DAVIS, of Worcester, ,Ci, choserI Pre-sudeili. A sellers andI puiilihslitr-." So interesting a book as All the preceding have been placed upon our table by Mr.
faith of the latter. Certainly, the United States strong difference of opinii, nIli relaiotip t nt-me, su s this wanting a ptubhlii-r is a pretty strong expo- "Franck Taylor.
not- only recognize and respect all such titles to the Boston Mercantile J...nvuil, Sas extli,i 1i t ii u ,n t e the ne.d 1l' some amendment to the law of We are also indebted to the publishers, Carey & Lea, for
their esteem, bu they look With regard to Mexico's delegates, and the discussions oi:-a.ii,ih .l s- tunid e,,'% ,rigli. copies of their cheap publication of Cool~er's novels, a re-
ther esteem, but they look with regard to Mexico s an impatient andangry -, inrce disc rr et- that the ladies in Broad- print of The Last of the Mohicans," and his new frontier
care of her public honor, her fidelity to her na- menaced discordand c fulin. Ano,- l,e Il,.ata,, carrv ,i I- nunr"' in much the same colors e Wyandotte, or the Hutted Knoll." They are all in
tional engagements ; and they render her for them prominent of the delegates were JOHN A. BOLLES, as hte iabori.,i,,,is of the country. I became con, pae coves, at twe i .v shev.lume,
not only respecl, bhut a aiqcere rand deep interest Secretary of State, who was a zealous advocate of scus iif a croup coming towards me which, with- HNR v SAUNDERS, theyoungforger,-underwentaformalex.
in the advances which she is making in the great the interests of Mr. VAN BUREN, and B. F. HAL- t,,u iookine, particularly, I took for a showily dressed amination before one ofthe magistrates of New York on Wed-
career of civil liberty. But he cannot recognize LETT, of the Executive Council, who led on the phlal.nx ol dldmes in the bright colors of the autumn nesdauy last. He made a full confession. The facts devel
as any additional claim upon his Government party which were favorable to Mr. CALHOUN. 'aln ; but, on making way for them to Pass, I oped did not differ materially froni those which have been
Mexico's compliance with obligations to which n MARcus MORTON and H. H. CHILDS were nomi- tadda .:olroittld by four Indians in their war-paint given in former publications. He implicates Ragge. Saunb
Mexico's compliance with obligations to which ated for re-election to the office of Governor and and feathers, bound to the Elysian fields-(at Ho- ders, it appears, provided Ragge with bank checks, taken
her public honor was pledged, and her failure to Lieutenant Governor, and an interminable string of b..ken.j A little behind came a canoe on men's from the books of his employers, and the latter filled them
fulfil which would cover her with eternal disgrace, verbose resolutions, prepared by Mr. HALLETT, in .oul)deri, liud I understood there was to be an ex- up. The prisoner wascommitted in foIll, and his father, after
But if Mexico's fulfilment of her solemn promise which the question relating to the Presidential can- hilmiion oh their skill in paddling. The trial of being examined, was discharged.
is a proof of friendly sentiments towards the. Uniteddidate was adroitly waived, were adopted. The speed against some of our club-boats would be in- -__ ,w_ rr-nd--dy- g ber
s th c .. th le I t M Van Buren te,.ti ul tle (ltei- li.icttr .Fth i"nl- ,rli. OB SHIPMAN, who was arraigned a few days ago before
States, the concession by the latter to Mexico of tion was applied, hite-\.,-i, t ll lite toie or Ivwo dole .- l courtt of General Sessions at New York, on a charge of
five years for the payment of a debt which might gates at large to ri-pr-.,iicl ihi Stat- ili ihe Balti- Mir. C'L.\'s. \ i-r r,, N,- itreL,.-i1.- ,I.)s ebl leent in t] pi.Nv.-l u-en.isii,. to his own use
have beep clqiried inotantl*, is a far stronger pledge more Natioaidl C"unseriionr, sihich i stlied :-i ply to a insiiaoin fr.iti ti,.- Lil,.cixi ol (.'Of hivnii S.C 1 00 in gold beloi.nging to the Union Bank of thatcity,
qf qqr good will. He can assure Mr. BOCANEGRA follows : ii o'nv, (N. C.) to e -,tid I, .1-us i. i|lI.t-d i.J l ti, .l acquitted by the Jury on Thursday spon a technical
that these are altogether the feelings entertained by Whole nut-er h ,IN rth lnir to iit inti r ( i \ C ,t tie lip ii ot law-they having returned a verdict that at the of-
~~~~~~~ ~foothat these are altogether the feelings entertained by Whole nmr all,., l ; e r n. wa not committed within the jurisdiction of the State,"
the United States towards Mexico-as a proof of I'."n Bureri T,,..e Afli nltV AL,-. u r '-21' 4 1.43. I, iheground that the intention to appropriate the money to
which, and of the desire of our Government to dis- George, B .ti.-i .1 :35 LiiUs.sItt.sEN I have iLth o i.cki..h di.-> itt re ni.,i 1- own use was not conceived until after he had arrived in
enase all possible protection, as well to the Mexi- Henry H. e I'hlyd, uf Pitt,lnl, 31'-7 ,f your Istler, a n c.,inmi ulete i, p..n.i--rn -. iii- .z--,,- ol Piloadelphia. He will doubtless be arraigned and tried in
pense all possible protection, as well to the Mexi- Uoune 7',c,. Chowarcauniy, insiting me, when n, ii l.ii-'ie I p .ciCi it, Iatter city.
Visit Rileiglh, It) EXI, rJ my ,,,tit I.,',Edeit..n. [ air, very
cans as to the Americans engaged inq the commerce Wells Lathr. f,., o vi H-de 1, tisit, l, ger xtllrReh for end my -it. idlv deni.'-vi. I am, veNw.rysY MU .--rThetrialofJospCartr,
belteen the two countries, it has ordered Col. Benjamin F. ilallet, of B,.iui 185 prini,pledthls, rivttin, arn ,u, id l...u t.. wie, tus,,i..n arge of having murdeed John B. Parke and the Caotr
- poriuted his ivitaionaridreijii sOi--ui~i Irr'i o I it-'n a tcbarge of having murdered John B. Parke and the Cast-
HAnrNEy, with a regiment of dragoons, to be 1ta- It is thus see-tI lhdl the star of l&i. V'N BtURr n is uves and make to thus.- ytou ipretentim ruyieri-ulikio..- n.-r i.mily at Warren, New Jersey, in May last, wasbrougbt
tioned on Ihe route blwetn Sana Fe and the in the ascdanc. Allho shall Ie enily h y, urg vcn a cloe on Thurda by avedt of .., ,. from he
United Stales. He assurii=s the Secretary that he plated Tl1i...Nerth Carline, I.n make the acquatltanrei and jury Tris seaov oa. upi,! Ithe court for three weeks, during
will lose no time io irsaismitting his uome to the A gentleman who started to Oregon Tertitory eia p-neandly alutatioti. with as nuny of its ui,hautia.t u hnth time nearly if not quite a hundred witnesses were ex
-wi. Stats Gotienuimant; ing himself a the with Lieut. FREMONT'S expedition writes to Iho th aosipit rfear 11 will not e in my pi.wru t o cutLretl. t autniud. All the testtni..r.i;. however, was circumstantial-
ts Government; pledging himself editor of m Ie independence (lo.) paper under dales cnnot noy denude, nor uuril It' si-h Nrih Utrohia withu.r s. mIst the tystery in whuch this Ifearful tragedy has been
the same tiote, that hs soon as ant) certain inmelli- of South Fork of Plate, July 26: I cmn con~rtently visit any -.hitt ion tihan y.,ur i, -. a.', .hr..uded yet remains unexplained.
gence is received ill regard to tll. 'alleged invasion, dropyou a lue .y a oiiuple ,, ihhawnee idlans w1,^0 1 v "rnii&ntu.d I -hall he vtry 1ai 1 iirtt',i-uiu.arc -tu b, .Y)S 4
to. todrotyurlin i-y issourie irol thsphact W re lmd~-luc,,h as tau.dmili oh my peving nry n'pte- u- i.,ttdi-l.n -in tBera'Ar~o, (N. Y.,) SEPT. 14, 1843.
his Governmentl \ill Mindicate its relations with are going to rwcurh t., Misour, IhOm thi. place Ve arewhmub castle unosienltiiouB' neteti|oti whiter, .,J pr,,,,,-u, rDatnv AsauTr i TitB RAILROAD CAM.--A deranged
Mexico and its ronidcil. about half way to Pintr Hall tir,, aJd I eah.ct to reach the ne would tumOi sogr'eabl, .u my fl:lh, a,,,id niche- In ..1 iriunken man, whose name i a ve anot been able to learti,
Mr. BocsNroi^'s reply le-sldlcte the complaint mouth of the Clniutu.ia t.y the 1t uf Oclober. The i-m- ihe mean jmi I fnay a. ir ,-.I -,eura .,.ii.. ci, nte ,,m anitted a most outrageous asault upon his fellow-travel-
.W. oCANt.K S rpn e *,dlf-> m coplattighest~ ive nct arid re~auid ot youmr fiitiluul anin~ 2sm. ii u in. nit Iet- last night. It appears that when about five miles from
and its proof, whicli he considers ricedr and logical, grants are all aitaI -at us, arid have Lh. this tints rr' rahd the andi obd-t tservatit,' H CLAY t n t, ,ia person who wapes seaed in the 2d class care on thef
If t Americ eg io h n r authe south pass throeg the uuaiians." Mesens. etts N..N-s ..iM, \Vr D. i. -s--i. Attina rtad made a deadly assault upon the other passengers;
f the American legation had not received authentic his is th- htlest inforiitutn received lo itie _________ -ig which one or more were dangerously injured. A
"particulars of the invasion, the Mexican Govern- Oregon emigraint, ;and iront tilts it is cli-ar thatI lIe h Nw a ...te ,r-a, St EMB,. Ii; ,0el-t itivalid named J. H. Mathews, of Paisevyille, Ohio,
merit had, and knew how to appreciate their cer- emigrants will mak.- their trip with ease before thu Uvrn cre M ti a, ru.-Ar. iui,,i. i,-i...,was stbbedletherg
tainty. He then says : bad weather cinoameliuces.--Luutsci//' Jnuraral. yciut^hy mId in tie cs-,' .n. -' hi.rtti' ly reslit'tatsl.- Ihn. wh..., -u-s-.l -tise t merh fifth and -tail ,,i,' by some unknown in-
,~uiti.e wct- t'0eat pttlu,-hit'., a, -he has e.videtnlyv bet-.., ta-he roeueriet, probably a jack knife, and now lies ien a critical
The history of the revolution of Texas, aCd tle causes PE^Hnc.-Tti Pt, ladelptla Unit' Slates Ga-ette stling a letterd diri-turbati s w hu s wan s eharn i T --, win,.t+, J,', residing in Cuhauetauque counothyr waalso badly
influencing the proclamation of a separation i-r,.m Mexico, that between hall past twelve o'clock and cix o'clock A M. iu"l a let o-ud e t[o, ali.urihgol Iheai hinut l na Ihni .Tcu', i. .J r,'i ded in the a um and side, and it is believed that the pery
are a. notorious as public, and have suupplied as inany grounds on Thursday, only mtee hours and a halm; Litere arrived at the. tauble 'ecledae dplhver., at ithee saide ,hi M-y It,,', and w.ds wo'n dedoipanying the deranged man has also received a erp-
ior complaint orn the part of Mexicu againt citzsns af the wharves on the Dshware 'even thousand baskets of peaches, opened by t e lady without I,,okinu at the address tre-sumn, oninjury. Of this, however, little is known, as he is now
United States as any thing that has occurred since, up to and that at nine ,,tlock A. M. they were all disposed ul'. i was for hb husband. A- soon as she discos,nred the nis- in, minraut of the fiend, who leaped from the car after commit-
tbis invasion. CitznsofltheUnitedS Sates almost alt,,gahter '-take, shedelsered the le.ter t. tihe pr,tper person, et plahittig tint ihe outrage.
~~~~~~~~~~1Th assault was evietytectosdenmps, n
composed, and do compose the populat.nn ul the department GOVERNME Nr sar NDo5 IN DIfr ILmertLrv.--Thc- s1. tow she f, h5pcited to open it. Every i hug went ,ii, ni rs-mi i s idetly the ct of suddenmlse, and
utIi s-sine ,jstuibanre i,,.ik ti-lce imetweinr thetis, 'ur lr a s to- re was no light in the car, the passengers were left en-
now styled Texas and Texuans. Those who subscribed the Louis Republican of Thursday oeek L dys : when this esarge was raked u., aud the lady r,'-n.ughi i-n.,ri r ,nrelo at the mercy of their assailant. Doctors White and
articles of independence, with but few exceptions, were na l Ve lave u,,dert-co,.d that the rrmne ..-I ithe United States ihe United Sates Comri.isci,,r. r ou the grave charn- ,.f out- Witc mx were professionally called, and entertain an opinion I
tUV(B of the said States, an4 in them the spirit oifinuurrect,ori i, ,he hande ,.l ihe Surveyor General tor ibls disuruct, and fully openiaja letter nol inmlnded ior her After a udll htat-. tram Mr Mathews will survive, although his wound,taken
was fomented and'the views and plans against the territory ,.f which was on deposUe in the Batk of Misec.uri, has been ing of all itt' evidence Mr. T- could nthus'er, MN B.r i, r ~mnexion with his feeble state of health, renders his case
th Republic p ,.| auiathed ,n the hands of the bank for the private dehia ofthe eBI-I. 'he ditiy Diatrict Attirney, directed her i., h.. ,Jt-- raml Mr.Janea was able to proceed on his journey after
SRepublipl-cid.Surveor General. Dr. Rate; and the payment ol a check, eharned, anexpre was not the elighiest ground 10 sus|.et su rhf-lelg hie ,.nund drrtsem ---or1 .tdr.

ate utrarnj lbs #told oif 3iugday.^n yflux
wood piles were carried away by the d.,bd. So serious i., 'he
damage done to the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, thai it iS
thought by many competent judges it will lake maney weiks
lo repair it. The Georgetown Adv,,cese of Saturdu} (i.n-
iig thus notices this unlortunale istllatlonu:
The slurmiy weather ol late has been unusually lorig.
i.:'n',inurd lor its einridian and eetaso,, and its c..ttstqueii'es
have tbee more ur les lell i,. t OWil and country-in ithe laSt-
ier particularly, tn Lt.nh lilds anid siream-. The storm of
lifit wek, which did s'G mitch damrnage in the country for mile,
stitd ii) roads, bridges, &. s. tnstiers I.llowed up by con-
tinued wet weather, which uin night lasi grew into
a tremendous storm if wind and rain, which only abated
with the morning, when evident signs were visible in our
streets, in the uprooting of trees and razeeing of gardens, 'ot
its probably more destructive effects in the vicinity. The lae-.
mers havesuffered in the breaking d.,wrn f their corn, though
not so severely as might have t.een frum its being, ne'.tly a11
made, and also in the fl.oodiug ol near-ground crisp. "The
orchards, too, have suffered much, and the Iruit, peaches in
particular, which were aburndant, beet stripped fiom the
Judging from the immense body of water which is now
rushing down the Potomac, and from which we already be-
gin to hear of most destructive results above, and which too
has been the means of serious injury here, the storm must
have been most widely extended and no less violent in all the
Potomac region. Ever since yester.Jay morning the river has
been in the rine, and from towards du-k la-r 'venirig uiil
this morning most rapidly, and it is believed yet so cnntinuer.,
until it hai reached a heightl of sa'oe three feel beyond ouy
former period in nmemrnory. All the cellars, and many .f( tiie
floors above, of the stores and warehouses on the lower side
of Water street are completely flooded, and in one part of the
same street, for some two squares and a half, the street ia
under water to the depth of three or lour feet, while a num-
ber of the houses on the upper side thereof are also reached
bty the dioud. As to the wharves, to the length of the whole
tow,, not oneof them can be seen. The damage is or course
immense; for, notwithstanding many of ihe merchants labor-
ed throughout the night in the removal of their gods, large
amounis of diier, sugar, mlaseses, salt, and other merchadisda
are completely hidden from view, and much has been in the
course of removal throughout the morning in a damaged alalPe.
Some accidents also befell the shipping, and caused no little
scare to a portion of the seamen.
"The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, we ore scrry Ito say,
has again suffered severely, but the waler covering lla batiks
rr miles it is impossible yet Io say t0 wha' eXdact exlenl.
rhi- morning fI'uund 11i empty at this place, it having bern
necaseaty during the rntight,so.) irnmerine was the budy ol walt r
rushinr do.wn il, to cut away the bank about four miles above
'he town. The breach above, it is believed, is of some hun-
dri and fifty leet, whilst in other places the banks are said
io be more or less injured."
Th.eeimxrrm'Wf U otllt U of the "destructive rr'fr ;"Virt.
pied Iron thbe Advosate, ICurnilhes the particular oit ihe dis-
isler' .I) our Gorgetown neighbors up in noo.n on Saluiday.
WVe made a visit to Georgetown about 5 o'clock in the tse-
ning, and remained there until sunrset, in full view of Water
street, which, from the basin to near High street, was one
continuous sheet of water. It was a qir, ular and novel spec-
tacle to see canoes, boats, and scows plying along Watery
street, and in front of the principal warehouses and stoics.
T'he amount of the injury done by this disastrous freshet to
the merchants and citizens of Georgetown was estimated by
an intelligent merchant with wviom we conversed at be-
tween $20,000 and $30,000. The principal sufferers aro
Messrs. P. & A. H. Dodge, Messrs. Pickrell, Lowry, Da-
vidaon, Fearson, Brown, Dixon, Ratcliffe, D'icPrterini,
Smoot, and Miller & Duvall. So disastrous a freshet has
not occurred in Georgetown tor the last forty five years, as
we are assured by an old inhabitant.
It was feared, when we left Georgetown on Saturday eve-
uoing last, that the water would rise higher about two o'clock
the next morning ; and such was the fact. But on Sunday
afternoon the waters began to recede rapidly, and have now
resumed their wonted level.
ACCIDENTAL RaowrNso.-On Friday evening lat, the
156h instant, a small boy, son of Mr. DAVID WILSoN, of
Greenleal's Point, accidentally fell from the Fish wharf, foot
of Sixth street, and was drowned. Upto this time (Sunday)
his body has not been recovered. We are requested to say
that it is hoped by his bereaved parents that if any one finds
it they will either return it to his father's residence, on Green-
leaf's Point, or give information where it may be obtained.
CALICO PRINTINo.-A correspondent of the Rochester
Democrat, who writes from Providence,-Rhode -I 1 ,. i,.=
a brief and interesting history of calico printing i. iic. Ui,,.
ted States. Previous to 1825 all goods of this desecriptiuol
were imported from foreign countries, the greater part i,,,.1;-,
from England. That year a company of g,,nilt airii ti t-u.
ton, Massachusetts, organized a company and iOut, titii :,h,"'
business, when calicoes were from three to six times their
present price.
Like nearly all new enterprises, the company, after strug-
gling f.or a few years, failed. In tre mean tisme others com-
iuelitid similar opeat.ionts, but owing ltu the low rat t. li duii(i
*.-n the lureign article Ithey biwere obliged tlu liil their wriks.
i'te tarit l 1t l3-2 gave a new impetus to the business, asit
several ernbaikcd in it. The pr-.fits of the business were
loutid to be very lucrative at first, arid as the pK.vtsion1d of tLiu
tariff reduced tne amount uf duties cach year the bu'ineiss
et ame dubious- Sutl, with yanke perseverance, Ihey con-
tinued their works, wbile the lat Itariffhas placedthim in
brtltr prospect. Within three years the nutimber vi elat.lish-
itienms have inIreased to thibriy-ieven, wnh one hunilred ertd
twenty machines. The laigesat of these e saibli.minents are
located in the vicinity of Pr..videnrcr, antid give eit.liiyinent to
many hundred persons,. In 1|36 uver 15i,1i40.u1.U yards .,f
calicoes were imported. Ls.t ).ar ,he irnJp..rlaihtis itll if. to
15,000,000 yards, while what the American .printis made in
Ihl"N ri-orietl the enorm.,us amount of r158.0,1uti0u %ard,,
woi 4h ll OitiUtioji. The capit.,l empl,.yed in tall itrechtanol
the buitiness is nut tar from ft6l),t00l.0Ot. t'ne tables are now
turned, and, instead ut' impUrtinug, the United Stale, are be-
giniting to export calIcos. In quality the Jdomelstic article
will fairly compete with the foreign.
TUE MINT AT NEw Oi.RLEAN-The Courier of the 3d
instant says that the coinage of the Branch Miit in New
Orleans for the month of Augusl was f3KI,00ti in silver and
$101,000 in gold, making fi4al 000 Toe tL.otal an..-unt "of
coinage since last January is estimated to be $3,71,3i000. It
is further stated that the operations in the cuiiing department
will be interrupted for two or three weeks, in older to make
necessary repairs to the boilers and some 01 the machinery,
but will L.e continued as usual in the other departments.

AN OLD WoMaN's 6dH clr.-WtI.LtAM B'iwirT, in his
"Visits lo Remarkable Places," sa)s. Every old woman's
heart is a cheet or troubles, which, though they are unseen hy
the rest ul' the world, are as living as on the Jay they were
put there ; and if you lift up the lid in the slightest degree,
out they fly, and show you how sad a thing. and hiw sacred
a things, is the heart of that poor aud despised creature-an
old wman."
In this city, at 6 o'clock on Sunday morning last, in the
92J yen of" her age, Mrs. DELIA TUDOR, widow of Ihe
Ion. War. TtDOt, of Revolutionary memory.
In Baltiriore, on Saturday, the 9th tiltani, Mrs. ELIZA-
BETH MARGARET GROSS, at the advaced age ,,f
12 years. During her life she enjoyed unitterrupled healib,
having never laken any medicine, or having any attendance
Irom a physician, until tbree years since, when she had a fall
>nd broke her arm, which she was enabled to use again in a
few weeks. She was followed to the grave by her descend-
lots to the fifth generation.

4 01




I lhave for some lime pL-rceived that your respec-
table and intelligenti Ptt is correspondent was on the
English side of thIe que-stin with respect to the po-
Itical affairs of Spaitn ; hut it appears to me that
in his letter of time 2 ?l of July last, in which he no-
tices the downfall of General ESPARTERO, the late
Regent of that country, his predilections have car-
ried him rather to extremes. Entertaining myself
a strong opinion to the contrary, I have concluded
to present brief] % to the American public some views
upon that subject, and beg the use of your columns
for ilie purpose. ,
Happening as I did to reside in MidiilI at the
period of the death of the late King, FERDINAND
VII, and for several years afterwards, I had favor-
able opportunities oif becomiint acquainted with the
politics and the parties of Spain, and wniltl the course
pursuiid by the foreign (,,vtrimintents in regard to
Ilhati country. Driiriig my residence there I occa-
sionally made notes of the ntiuot important ap.'iiSsit
events, accompanying them at the same time with
some reflecrliontt upon their character and conse-
quences. Those papers thoe been preserved, and,
ahhoiuiih ihe greater portion of the statements and
rernuarkls which they contain are such as I do not
wish to publish at this time, yet the case being dif-
ferent in reward to other parts, I herewith send you
a number of extracts for publi-itirm, %which, while
ievPY will furniishi some account of tire revolution

explain my views of the conduct of England and
France in regard to that country.
The question as to nl,.h- of the two nations just
mentiietioned ha, b-eein forenmtnot in atlte-nitli'n. to esta-
blih iani undue and t \cln-.;, influence it S.paiii
c,-niiut be underi.otij nI r'I lv Irnimn i hl ri, rciil-itlan-
CVs cuiiie'cied atith tIn' Iefll of EI 't,.A irmtaii,. Nt-iih, r
-.'an il b. recurring to ihr: ci.lnlniL-n-lttli'lnl Ill InI.
Re -n.'7y. It is tteei t. lo Lj tiackk t) ;: s1 ,li .l.,-
lier period in order to orin ;i mcuntec i tmlUi,:in uti,.in
the suhle>t. 11, lith re'nre, 11 shiild ek-n II,-prntld
that France iidirtctl) eniciuioag- iltiec ,-,lpo,6ii.I I,-
ESPARTEIO, this would only be natural and proper,
when we look at the further fact that he was raised
to the post which he lately held by the management
of England, with a special view to her separate in-
terests, and that he was essentially under her influ-
ence. So, too, if it should be made to appear that
England, for the last seven or eight years, has been
constantly making exertions to obtain a foothold in
Spain, with a view to an exclusive control, who will
say that it was improper on the part of France to
make use of means to counteract those exertions ?
Certainly the right of self-defence will not be de-
nied to her in a case like this. It is true that the
partisans and emissaries of England have been in
the habit of raising the cry of French influence in
Spain ; but this has been resorted to for the purpose
of misleading the public mind, and of covering their
own sinister designs. Let it be shown, if it can be,
what France has done, or attempted to do, in refer-
ence to the affairs of Spain, of an improper charac-
ter, or calculated to affect injuriously the legitimate
interests of any other country.
I wish itto be distinctly understood that I am speak-
ing of France under Louis PHILIPPE, and of her
relations with Spain subsequent to the death of the
late King FERDINAND. I beg also to declare that 1
am not writing with the object of favoring or de-
fending the cause of France ; but for the correction
of what I conceive to be error, and especially for
Ilhe protection of Amneric:n irit--ritis, ul tli, deem
to be deeply involved in this questim)n. For, ini my
humble judgmenil-antid I jay it will till due r.speril
to the opinions of those uhlu may diler from me-
the statesman aof thdis eo9nry, %-1 ,.a- i tlii |.riond
louks nilh a favorable, eYr- upon the prcdiiiniiance
of British over French influence in Sptin, or crn-n
who does not view the former as vitally dangerous
to the United States,4-labors under a great delusion.
It cannot, in my opinion, be shown that there is any
real danger to our interests to be apprehended from
arm' influence which France can now obtain in
- 111 ; while, with respect to that of England, the
reverse, as it appears to me, is in various aspects
most obviously the case. It is true, as a general
rule, that we ought not to meddle with the affairs of
foreign nations, or with the management of foreign
Governments; but, wherever any interest of our
own country is likely to suffer injury by the coarse
of others, we ought to be watchful, and to make use
of such proper means as may be within our power
to avert the threatened evil.
It can scarcely be doubted that it was essentially
owing to the intrigues of England that MARIA CHRIS-
TrINA, who was the proper and legitimate Regent
of Spain, and the natural guardian and protectress
of her youthful daughters, was compelled to aban-
don the Government, and to leave the country.
She had held the Regency about seven years after
the death of her husband, and although constantly
surrounded by embarrassments and difficulties, which
sometimes appeared almost insurmountable, she had
conducted the Regency with great discretion, and
evinced a strong desire to secure the permanent
happiness and prosperity of the country. But it
was certain that the selfish and grasping objects of
England could not be accomplished while she was
at ili. helm, and it was deemed expedient to try
-ritnti-r. General ESPARTERO, the commander-in-
chief of the army, a man of but little talent, and,
perhaps, less principle, though a very brave and
popular soldier, was naturally looked to as the sub-
stitute. He had been opposed to the English in-
terest, but had been gained over about two years
before he was made Regent. CHRISTINA had raised
himn from one rank to another, until he had arrived
at the highest in the kingdom, after the Royal fam-
ily ; and, on account of the position which he occu-
pied, she had permitted him to exer'cist a consider-
able share of influence in the all'dirs of the Gu\-
ernmint. He proved hi3 ingraitarde ly comnnivinsP
at, if not hiding in, bier o\erlhirow, \ahon he might,
and ought to, have sustained her. He soon after-
wards occupied the position from which she had
been driven ; but, in his turn, he has been made to
drink, to the dregs, of the cup which he so ignobly
suffered to be presented to his Royal benefactress.
It is not a fact, however, that the dispute which
led to the downfall of this man was between him-
self and the moderate liberals, (moderados,) the
party which is accused by England of leaning to
France. The struggle he had was with Mr. LOPEZ,
the- Prime Minister, and his colleagues, who have
always acted against the moderate party. I have
known Mr. LOPEZ as a distinguished orator in the
Cortes from the time the first Chamber assembled
under the Royal statute in the year 1834 ; and, al-
though he is now accused of treachery by the
friends of England, he has always been esteemed
as an honest man and a true patriot. It is true, the
moderados took the side against ESPARTERO, which
it was a matter of course for them to do. But it
appears that ihe question as to the choice of a new
Regent is wisely to be avoided, by declaring the
minority of time young Queen to be at an end ; since
it can make very little difference, as to her capa-
city, whether she begins to govern at the age of
thirteen years or at fourteen. And it is to be sin-
cerely hoped that such a union will now take place
between tIhe patriotic Spaniards of the different par-
lies, as will enable them to carry on th,.:ir Govern-
ment independently of all foreign influence tlhatener.
The panrisans of England are now tilled itil in-
dignation and horror on account of the Ile itniliianr
iusurrections in Spain, and time confusion and ammar-
chv which, they say, prevail thire. But thy-v ex-
hibited none olf Ihese feelings when the military in-

surrmctions took place by which the (ovcrlment of
ill- former Regent was overpowered and their fa-
vurite placed at the head of the nation. Nor did
the fact that the Government of the latter was a
mere military despotism appear to excite any alarmt
in their minds. And here let me ask, how arnd
when were these military insurrections against the
Queen's Government first gotten up By whose
secret influence was the insurrection in the time ol'
TORENO'S ministry urged on ? But more espe-
cially, whose offspring was the military revolution
of San Ildefonso, which opened the way for all th'jt
have followed? If, then, the English have now
received but "measure for measure," it might bet-
ter become them and their friends to exercise a
little more moderation in their complaints and d-
nunciations. Let them "sheath their impatience,
and throw cold water on their choler."
That England has not more fully succeeded il
her objects in Spain, during the last two or thrtm-
years, has not been for the want of efforts on h,-r
part, nor from an indisposition to gratify her on the
part of the late Regent. The watchfulness of the
Spaniards, and especially of the Cortes, had b,.--
come so awakened to this subject, that every plant
in relation to it was promptly frustrated. What
course England will now adopt rendains to be set t.
She has a large debt against Spain, which she ,ill
secure in some way or other. Much remains to Lbe
said upon this as 'e-11 as upon other points; but I
will omit it for the present.
That France may now have in view a matrimo-
nial cnnexion between one of her princes and thl
)oung Qu-en ol" Spain, is very possible ; though
lhat point, Qr iHs cuieuuces,, IlaV _Ao_.iJlea ol
discuss is publication. My object ihas been
it) explain atnd elucidate events hitherto occurrint-.
It is, however, mn elit-lf thalit a majority of tih-
S|p,ti.r.lis, ol ,f l p1arti:-%s nill be opposed to such a
,*mi'e1iNM0. Nili,i but. .t itrona and deep disgust
lt illi En.rittit, in c'titme. lti:iice of her management
ill S1,1i1i, oii0,l, itn ll 0 o1 iiiinhi lead to such it-,
'%er ni. Tliat ilh.-- Sl.lil;I'd., when not under the
itnliitice o f (.1' f.., or 'l of nmrdiate interest, always
t\iml. "i, iJt-JJ ili-lile tosards the English, is a
i.irt ii r-,_.tril ii, uhImhI nu uiie can mistake who is

Under date of 10th of January, 1837.
I will now make a summary of the opinions I have en
tertained, and at different times expressed, on the political
affairs and prospects of this country, since the death of the
late King in September, 1833. Don Francisco de Zaa Ber-
mudez had been the Prime Minister of the King for nearly a
year previous to the death of the latter, and possessed his Soy-
ereign's full confidence. He was a man of sound talents and
of much experience in political affairs. The Queen, acting
as Regent after the death of her husband, continued that
Minister in his post, and appeared to place equal confidence
in him, and, I believe, she actually entertained it until near the
time of his fall, which was in January after. It is possible
hat this confidence was not at all withdrawn, but that the
change which then took place was, by the circumstances of
ihr, tine.S, f..-r:rced upmn Ithi R.,. nr, a; na l..en riLe m of the
aiji, quenti ni ihli -, ; tictic ha lakte-ri plo'."
i" Sm.t a'iter the Kiig'- de-tli,, Mr. Z-'a B,1rmu.Jdza ailirss
,', a cit.ular to ihv ie lel. ieseih ai te i S i'i al itt yrntral
European (Ciouts, rilnd which was pl.ilihid in tht, G.,,rn
[r11lt aperr hitre, as a public riasnlervii uI tnie G.,v crnne.t.
I1 I'I tsw rr r 1- i torh Ihe pit ii'rl.Lc t ip-,n wtich the .t,J ,-n',
i..lveriiwrilt- w.ulid i.e' inductled, arn.-I ie itilerrrinatli..n thatol
rne- mn insi..)n 4-,.ilJ Lie mile ur-1ti the emahing : li '.-i
'.,' t,:rim .r. t, eho -l irt-rm inr, the t, a ,..,- tr ;.,,i'. were a,.
knot lti fl. 1..J t... ie n.I-,- r. i, at i rm.,,ii-rdJ to Le >J .pltd i a.,
'-ri ap tl r.,Jc [[.,nt1e-s 1,.m lt i n [leTirni. T ehr i i 4 it l If ih
aiiltll et, was lG .aii'y I e stti-i .lut t.,,n. ri.mriii, Sr.,J, rc.-n,-
J en ll'ly, 1- protdleL'e th- rt1 Cl'.,lil i ,1" ir.. -v n.. Uz l Eie '-
;a,.iarfin-nl li by It-im. an, I alw.. t,; k il, thu. lrrg'y quieti
Ti,,,- t iojcit erte viy av, l, .rutlihr- m inner rdvpi 0d 1.1 OC.
complish themrn wa., iI r.y tpini.-..n, impAuhric and untortrrate.
H-lad the Mlnuairer made eoufideuatial communicailnias to ithie
abi.lule hi-.verrumeni, containing the samu aeseurances, he
mim.h. eht ,,lhy well have anpisred hits purpose in r-garIl LI
thirem, and ab to the 1 Ii rgy -i ih,' c-,unir.n -o p .,'t.b r wayi
might have been pursued to keep them satisfied for the time
being with the Queen's Government, or, at least, that would
have answered as well as the mode adopted by him ; for I do
not mean to say that their confidence, or even neutrality, was
attainable by any means then practicable."
The moment Mr. Zea Bermudsz's manifesto was pub.
lished he stood committed before the world, and every body
knew that he was a firm man and not easy to be turned from
any course to which he had publicly pledged himself. He
Swas completely tied up, and could neither bend nor dissemble
after the step he had taken. He had personal enemies of the
same political principles substantially as his own, and those
also, from a spirit of envy, joined the Liberals in demanding
his dismissal. At the head of this last class-and this is
worthy of particular observation-were the two Generals
Quesada and Llauder-the former then Captain General of
Old Castile and the latter of Catalonis. Both of them sent
memorials to the OQeen Regent, demanding the immediate
dismissal of the Minister, and threatening disobedience to the
orders of the Government, if not actual rebellion, in case of
a non-compliance. They succeeded. The Regent yielded,
and Mr. Zaa Bermudez fell. But where are now Quesada
and LlauderI The one torn to pieces by an infuriated popu-
lace, and the other a fugitive and an exile in foreign lands, in
order to avoid a similar end; and the fate of both was brought
upon them by their efforts to resist the torrents of the Revo-
lution of which they were themselves the principal beginners.
"Don Francisco Martintz de la Rosa, a very able man,
succeeded Mr. Zea Bermudfz. The great act of the Minis-
try of Mr. de la Rosa was the establishment of the Royal
Statute, (Estatuto Real.) This act was intended as a kind
of Constitution, or, at least, as a substitute for one. Its au-

thor doubtless believed it to be a very perfect work. It pro-
vided for the calling of the Cortes of the kingdom, and gave
them certain powers; and the manner of their election and
their mode of proceeding were regulated by two additional
acts of the Government. This royal statute, however, being
scarcely a shadow of a c..n-iiuti.,'n, fell altogether short of
the expectations and demands of the Liberals; consequently,
the new Minister was soon obliged to encounter a strong and
growing opposition. Nothing but the hope that amendments
and additions would be made to the Statute,' securing the
liberty of the press, and other political rights, and guaranty-
ing p-ri.-rial lit-rnv rnd rii'euriy, kept tie Lib rial linJrlt y rom
pro-eedinir to iltrenits Mr. de la R-aa remained in uiff(te
bbaul Siturnr m,-iir,, wh, n he thought it pr-.per io retire "I
% Count Toreno, one of the same cabinet, and a man OmI
great talents, succeeded the last Minister; and although he
had necessarily been committed with his immediate predeces-
sor, yet there existed an idea that this had been more from
necessity than from choice, and that when placed at the head
he would adopt a different and more liberal course. It was,
however, soon apparent that this expectation would not be
realized. There was one important difference between the
views of Mr. de la Rosa and those of Count Toreno. While
the former was strenuously opposed to applying, under the
provisions of the quadruple treaty, for a direct French in-
tervention in the struggle with Don Carlos, the latter was in
favor of it, as a quick and expedient mode of ending the civil
war which was devouring the country. He actually did ap-
ply for it, and the hope of obtaining it was the cause of his
doing nothing to conciliate the opposition of the Liberals
Thus did he sit still until the storm which had been plainly
gathering burst upon him. The intervention did not come,
but the provinces throughout the kingdom were all in rebel-
lion against him, and he was compelled to retire within three
or four months after having taken the helm of the Govern
Next comes the famous Don Juan Alvarez y Mendiza-
bel. This man was a stock dealer in London, and had been
serviceable in the operations of Don Pedro in obtaining pos-
session of Portugal, as the financial agent of the enterprise.
He was said to have had some previous connexion in pecu-
niary matters with Count Toreno, by whom he was called to
succeed him in the Finance Department. He had been ab.
sent from Spain twelve years. He did not arrive here until I
after it was obvious that the Count could not continue inI
power, and immediately, as it appeared, determined not to en-
ter the department while that Minister remained at the head i
of the Government. On the retirement of the Count he ac-4
cepted the Finance Department, and was temporarily entrust-
ed with the charge of the Department of State, and, indeed I
vested with the whole power of the Government. He issued

a pompous manifesto, in which he promised, In the nifl60 ot fairly and in the most advanrtgeous manner. It Is pos6t'118
Ihe G.,verrnmni, to call a constituent assembly (Cortes) to that it mi-ht have -ucceeded if it had been thus mad,, an.]
r ,.-t arid amend th.' royal statute, to grant liberty of the that my ,Joul.s would have pr.)ed t,. hate- bren without
it zI, i) ei ii tIhe civil war in sii moiths, and many other Ioundalion "
ithrii. nor worth while here to be named These promies, I aso more aind more cortitmrd ri the idea %hbch I haae
h.lWirer, inducrd the priinces gradually to return to tisir for a g.o.od while entertained that Enalarn.] i. the cause ol this
all-gianc.. to the Madrid Government until they bad allI country's being reduced to the wretched condition in which
elint .op."I it now is. Her desire has been to accompliah one of two ob-
Aliter g;ng on for about eight months, and spending jecis; the first and favorite one being to diaw away Spain
very largeo suns of money, raised in the most extraordinary frum France, and to get her under hft own wing and iitlu-
manitinr, Mr Merdizab, I dJid not appear to have advance d a ence; and the second, on the failure .l h,' iistl, a.) oo weak-
sirgle qtep towards conquering ihe Carlasta, or in the 1er- en and cripple this country, or manage in a nay Io bring
lfrtiariee -it his olher promises. Whtien he saw that he as about that result, that after leaving her and securing to ther-
lo-inig grounil, and, indeed, becoming eztremcly unpop lar, self a full indemnity for the advantageus sales to hir o.f
he ilhrw hinn-df into the arms of ihe most violent clai of supplies, and for other expenditures during this war, she
L.b-,, who then ciimmanded a majoiity in the Cories, nd would be worth little to any one. I hate already said that
who ha. alreraly rcommenced an ppuasiti.n 10to him andl, by Count Toreno, in the summer of lasi ytar, made applica-
a.'cering lu, tile demands of his new associates, he soon got tion for a Frenrfi intervention, in pursuanre of the prvimi:orins
i I.) dilli'ulty with thir- tuen Riyent, and had tosurrelder of the quadruple treaty, in irder to put an ernd ]. ihb,- war
h.e ...r1 with the Carlislls, and I am well assure.] tiat France was
n" W% nw come to the ministry of Don Fancisco Xeier willing, at that tLime, effectually tointerfere, and put an end Il
Iturrz, which comnierscd ocn the 15,h of May lasti,jnd the struggle, but that England would not consent. At that
enild or, Ithe 15ih f August. Mr. Isturiz had been ranked period an intervention by France was quite praicaeble. Trhe
amgin Ihe vi,,lcnt Lberals, hut was known to be a min of war had not taken such deep root, and extended itself so
t ,llit and Ol -, uch energy of character. It was also kiown widely as at this time; a year and a half haviiig made a great
that lie wus ,pposEd lto any revolution at that time bl vie- difference. Besides, at thai lime France was satisfied with
I ',ie, Lit in favor of ninking a good Con.ilturiir upoi4he the Govi)rnment of the Queen, and was desirous to sustain it
I ,jrJdati,-n .-f" the existing royal atatuie. A majority< 4the against the further progress of the revolution ; and this ob.
Cones which. had |u.t g-,nnd Mr. Me!d;,bcel was e4per- ject might, perhaps, have been accomplished by enlerning with
aimed at his leall, and immediately c.-mmsr,,crd the most v)lenL a sufficient force, and putting Charles out of' the way with-
ol,,'niii.:n to tie ministry of Mr. Isturiz, and they aere out any direct inlermeddling with the Government irself of
i.rorr..ily di6les..|ed ty him. I have already said tha Mr. the Q.jenn. At lbasi, by ridding the Government of the in-
I-turiz was 'n favor ol doing that which had been pr ised cumbrance ofl Lthis war, it would have placed il in the most
ly Mr. Mend-zabel, hut which the later did not seem ._ely advantageous position to contend with the revolution; espe
to uezecuLe. A concert of action was commented b- _r. cially a. Ihe existing Administration might, under those cir-
Isturiz and.hit particular friPed., witiL.theptarit of'Q,. le la cumstainces, have deemed it prudent to consent 1to uth an
Rosa aa l.-aLT-w ,-'- llM ji l. 6 Os .lo poijitiaa&-.kq pflbe people as might
milation of tle view'a of theimituti pftti* _."ib 41 11dd p3 iBy bhead tia effect to disrMm essentially their further
h -.dherenis, although firm and decided Liber rV .lwolutionary movements. But flow not only are the circum-
mined to have a C.nsntiution, yet in preference to wadig stances in regard to the civil war materially different, bur the
thr.iu-j an aciunl revutlion 1. obtain one, were willing;to country-setling aside ihe Iowits portion of i-,s in a satle
a.:.l,.t ..,n. reo.ularly male, by building upon the foundation of anarchy and confusion, end the G.mvernmen is t e:oenliallyv
t' ihit i..val .alu'i. Mr. Jde la R.oa and his friends, and a revolutionary one. The French Government cannol new
i;.lecd ill ihe rii..]ratc LbrilA, whom ivere iincludiled do any thing Lto slain this Goternnteitl without b.'c,,ml,, a
generally the grandees and the other peers, had now become party to the revolution, and facilitating the opening 01 the
convinced that the Government of the royal statute, as it floodgates at home. An armed intervention, therefore, on
was, could no longer be sustained against the shocks ef the the part of France has become entirely impracticable. The
revolution, and, therefore, were at last willing to carry for. wheel must now be suffered to roll on until it has gone en-
ward the work they had commenced, by concurring in such tirely round."
amendments and additions as would constitute an actual and But England would not consent to the intervention of
reasonable Constitution. Upon these grounds it was that France at the time alluded to, because, as was evident, she
Mr. lsturiz and his friends fell into a concert of action with feared it might place France on high ground in Spain, and
the moderate Liberals." at the same time prevent the accomplishment of the particular
"Mr. Isturiz without delay promulgated a royal decre for objects she had in view. Besides, she wished to get Toreno
the assembling of the promised constituent Cortes, and they out of the way, and was then already encouraging the Span-
were directed to be elected by a very liberal suffrage 4f the ish insurrections. What England wanted was to be herself
people, on the plan of a bill which had already been passed the leading party and to have France act in her rear, and do
by the Chamber just dissolved, but which had not yet re- just enough to enable her to end the contest with the pretend-
received the sanction of the Peers nor of the Crowni All er Charles, and to claim the glory of the victory.- Indeed,
parties now turned their attention to the new Chamber, and, it was her original design to have excluded France from the
as the elections progressed, it began to appear that Air 1ito- Quadruple Alliance, so as to have had the whole Spanish
riz would carry a majority. Upon this the Ica.Jers Of ie a nd Portuguese business to herself; and it was only by a
party opposed to him formed a determination to cILte new most singular diplomatic acldent that Mr. Talleyrand, who
disturbances, and to raise again the usual bannu rot inisurrec- was then the French ambassador in London, discovered the
tion, which was to revive once more the Constitution ,f llA2. trick and insisted on his Government being let in as a party.
All the most distinguished men of the nation were eleced to Afterwards, and during the ministry of Mr. Mendizabel, who
the Cortes, and had the new Chamber been pnrmitted to as- was considered as the instrument of Lord Palmerston, Eng-
armle it wj.ild haie done gresat h.nor to the cuntry, anrid land prpoied that France should interfere to a certain ex
Joublt.-s have exciteil the respect of thie foreign Powers tenti which was LhaL France h.ould senIt itoops in,.ugh i.,
But it was rte-iolved that it shoulJ 11,1iii be .,. Emisnsaines were garrison the frie in the vicinity of th.e Carlist [provncts, so
,-q.atti-td t. the pr,.nircs anrid thl secret sucietiesl put in as to leave the LIeern'a trops and the British legion at liberty There was another important spuke in the wheel of to pursue and operate against the insurgeni lorces. This
thii revolution, which was Ergland ; but to Ihis I will al- France declined doing, ti.r the reason ihaL Ii -he d,d iiv
lIldt hlita'-tta[r. The re-v,,luton w.,i comninercd at Malaga thing she wanted to d.i it Effctlually, and s., as r.rImptly t
and. c,'rri.lietJ at Sin IldeI..ns.. The Isiuriz minialry lell end the business. When Mr. MerdizezI tel l, ad MAir.
rti, It",ii utln ...I' 1-12 was ,i.ficiallv prurlaimeid a new hItur.z, a siraightlit-f'rward and indep.:ndr n niti Bmn iti,.'i
C'..e, a;s. ,rdrrvd.J i.i br ei,it-d, in pursuanrer.f lhat Con- p.,wer, France seeing that there was the a sh..e -eli .t
,ii,,uir,. an,] the .loite ,ul Perc createJ ly thr royalstatLute checking the to.rrenrt of revIIluLon anL ed silhshtiig a r.gulist
.I c'r.--r ei-.d tI, 111 t=. The roniitiuitiortal Ciortes hate Go-ririleni, vwas stbut i strleli'h rfrlh her irai, irdr-pendentr.
tLe.n l.:-ted, hate akienibled, and are now in session. kIav. Iv of itie pr..visions r or bligati.ns isth, iqurlruit I treaty
ii.,.- thusd Lriely lit.n tile t ...' in relation to the era The Pitench Government hadl .r-epniedl that I t01.10 a.,li. rim
cla and adnirihi,lrl...ns tniiiae the death of the g, from the French army m-ght be enl.aiL(d to nier .he it(rici
will proceed IO stale the ,pironi I hate entertained a ex- ouf ihe QLieen of Spain. Piel-araiions were Iii pr'igres f.ri
preiied in olegArd l1 them; which was the pint upon which the entry of this force in the. month of Srpiember, and prob
J stLarted." 1 1.ably thecontest woulil now have been at an -rnd. On the
Mr. Z:-a nBermiudS edeslled t c A.In a-a4n *r i- i U J .-a r- o"sv t tLha mitery ravolutionn i f San ldp
adjantaje of Spain to enter upon a new form. 11 ,rn- sTnhKI iwhh was fomented by E ngland, the preparai._.ns re
menil ; and that the Spanith people al that time co nol ferred to were abandoned, and Louis Philippe refused io ally
carr t M a crNiUliu'trolI system. H-[ said there oug o bt hi.nosdlf to that rea,'lution, tnd Ihis drteruilnation ploilurcd
a more jialt and lit-eral administration -i the G -vernme bul the retirement ol his Minister Thiers."
no radical or ci,.nial charngein thit 6l'etm iLSlEI. But b-.te [It was prerededl l, the partisans of England that Mr.
all, (he sail ) that it would bo highly tii..-litic and daIger Is utr- was brought ilt.) p.-wer through French influence;
ous to ati,' 'it any clioange of the Goveriiment until the re- but this was unfounded. It was plain to every impartial mind
hellion ot Doin i .il is ha been pul itown, ..r hat question in, at all inrtlor.ntd upo..n the subject that the question was not
someway disissd uV. I kneww that many other diatinguish. between a GUovrnrncnil inclined to the interest of England
ed and e.ilght, r St'atiiarda were ui ithe? ame i iptpinion, and an. favorinti that ,f FranIce; but it was whether there
[ thought the' y iudgd niz ghily. But, ihisar siruile once noer, shoull l. a GQ.,vernment here sqbaervient to England or one
and liberaii-m acluallv c..rirnenced, ii appi.ared to me that purely SpaMnii. Arid, howetlr it may be misstated or covered
the experi.nt-riht ,- tu lo3h a lair one, anl made to the be l aver, that ia the qu.ttiun still. The whole English press,
advantage,.tiale. Noi sooner had Mr. de la Rosa piu- and particularly the Ministerial press, fell upon Isturiz; and
mulgated Li- roal alatile than t11 wi ea7 10 [.iWtert I e la that, I iae sueai evt-.ire as perfectly satisfies my mind that Lord
by itself, it vw wrth Lbuti Itile, a,,.] c.nuie.uocrly it was tol Pilmrstisi determined that Ih, s Ministry should bedestroyed
be feared iti. h e would Inot surie.J. Atidi when it was seen, .i all svcris anid at any cr,)'. The object was accomplished.
after the rtueii,.., fi the 'oilte-, that be unilf-rrmly resistlI all Tii .) -rgeanits, with a parcel of drunken soldiers, broke
propositi.-ii- if-r Ltne-idirinit, aird rel'uAed to grant any ol the into the r.yal palace and c..ompelled the Regent to sign a de-
additional privileges which were clamored for, and many of cree proclaiming the Constitution of 1812--a Constitution
which were not only very reasonable but actually the most which has never been enforced from that day to this, but
essential ingredients of a representative G.iernncnri, it be- was only made a rallying point for the purpose of upsetting
came evident mind that he would 7ail I thought, in one Ministry and bringing in another. These same soldiers,
the first place, that Mr. Zea Bermudez was ridhti under the who had not seen the sight of money for many months, were
circumstances of the case, in not being more- i' a Lbvral; and amusing themselves by pitching dollars the day after their
afterwards I considered Mr. de sla Rosa decidedly wrong in exploit. Where did this money come from?"
not going far enough in his liberalism. I deemed it as the "I do not suppose that England was particularly desirous
safest and most judicious course to establish at once, or on for the re-establishment of the Constitution of 1812; but some
the meeting of the first Cortes, and in conjunction with them, pretext was necessary for the accomplishment of the end de-
an actual, but reasonably guarded, constitutional system termined upon, and that was the one which could be resorted
This done, the Government would have had just an.J strong to with the greatest effect. She cares not a etraw what kind
grounds to resist the demands for more, provided such de. of Government is established here if it is only one which will
ronds were made. But by holding out the mere shadow in- come into her views, or whether the country is sunk after she
stead of giving the substance, the Government woqld be in- shall have obtained all that can be made out of her. Without
cessantly assailed with demands and clamors, and when doubt France, too, is influenced by her interest, but that in
once overpowered by them-which ought to be e= peried in terest is of a different character. It is an interest of self-pres-
such a case-would be continually subject to similar defeats, ervation ; one which is equally wholesope as it regards Spain,
until all power ot resistance would be gone." and of which, moreover, no other nation can with reason
"t Mr. de lx R.lii. and his colleagues in the Nhtniiti, from complain. This interest is the esiablhshment of a moderately
ibs day almost ,in wlicLh the r;ret Curies el the royal-statute literal Government under rite Q..Jeen, bu' at the same time
asse-mit.ll, were pres-ed on all sides with demands and peat. strong enough to he permanent. Louis Philippe cannot be
ions f-r libertv l" ilhe lire-sa, lawsguarantiyin peraonil ,ecu- in lay-, of the party of D.m Cirl,'a, sinle that party is in
nrty, and -tbh.:-r rear-.natla privileges; and, while the Mints- alliance with the Legitimisls ol France. Neither can he be in
ters admintud tiat the raton had a right -o thee enjoyaent of lavor of the ultra liberals, (erQrol:adoa ) because those sympa-
th,:.-e privileges, they refused them all un the ground that th.zs and would easily btcomie lesgued with the French Re-
the cuuniitty wH. nat yea prepared for them, or, in other words, pubhicans. QOuiet ard slability in Spain are the gr6at objects
tlhat the rS-anward were not eL for an actual constiljtiorial for which he is evidently string. A continued state o0 con-
G.vernment. Thra was the ground upon. efhiaa.K^:Zft fusion and revolution is highly injurious, if not actually dian-
Bermntudas had refused to enler at ell upon the caresirf'libe- geroun, to Prance; but it cnn6t'n any way affect the politi-
rilism, iittd Mr. dt la Rosa, when he had iaken but i single cal institution olf England. What reasonable objection,
sret. Irni the system of his predecessor, otsitnately sel'osed, then, can England interpose tosuch an interest on the part of
upon the same tIlea, ti pr,-,ceed any furlher. It appeared to France '"
m that ihnh.,n ans the momeilt for actin. From the coroti- 1',riler daft of March, 1837.
ducn'e wthich the character .jl the Minister had insired, as h appears that the sutamtance of what I said in my
well ao f',.riu th. ltac ot his being the irsil whose fortune it f.,rmer remarks, wiLh respect to the conduct of France and
td beer, to printnit ti ths naiion a new and litmeralsyatem, England in Spaniish affairs, has been conrlirtoed by the dis-.
thrfe i. tmo dj..iuLi tbat the country would hase bren saltirfid closures made in the French Chambers in the course of the
vtlh I,.-s trizm lim thin irtun tIts succeedera, and with less laie debate ulon the answer to the King's speech. By the
at tht timn-: than at a future pirtoJ ev.?n rom ri imae'. But slatement ,.ffici'slly tmad]e,it hascime .-ul thal during Count
h-. refusidJ to tld an inch of gruuid, and hy his retiremtr.t Toieno's ministry, in the summer ol IisJ5, France was will-
h ecinapeJ the steam which soimi overwhelmed hia suaceasr." ing ri intervene In favor .'.I the QGueti's Government against

"'...unt Turtn.i ham] been Prime Minister but about itwo the pretender Charles, and that on presenting the question
minrith wien the Provinces be-sn to nae againsl his Govern- to England, the latter Power declared that no ease had yet
ienert, and but sbout three months when he was driven from arisen under the provts, ,of the quadruple ir,-aty for such
poy,-,r. His successor, Mr. Nlendzitbeli, immediately promised a measure. At least, that suth was her opinion ; but adding,
what Mr. Je la aris nd Count Tureno oughLt to have per- that if France, on her single resp.nsibility, chose to under-
finned-ltialt is, to make such amendments to the roval sta- take the measure, shie would make no Under
iuce, in r,.ijun-it.,n wi ilthetwo Chambers, as thecopniry de- such an answer, France declined a compliance with the ap
mandiJi l. I hae before staterd that thibs man did not fulfil hi plic ation of thn Queen's G-)verrimienit. It also appears from
en'a,.aemeid, and thI the rtmiistry of IMr. laruriz was on the the same debate that I was correct in sitaling, that during the
p.ini ol t., cuting in goad faith what the others had either ministry of Mr. Mend,ztbel France was requested by Eig
retuse- or neglected to perf.rm. But it was too late. The land to intervene to a certain extent, but that shii declined.
elements lI revolution had been permitted to spread too wide- And so was it confirmed, that during the ministry of Mr.
ly. The moral f.rre of the Government had been weaken- lituriz measures were in progress, on the part of France,
ed, It" not de-iroyed, by the shocks which had already beaten far the furnishing of such aid to the Q.ueei's Government as
astiolst r. We have again arrived al the revolution of San would have enabled it, in all probability, spedily to have
d &..., which was consummated on the 15.h of August ended the war with the Carlists."
Ine,, andi which I lear has Lec,,me the grave of all reasonable England is now dissatisfied with France because the lat-
hope o.f pierce or quiet in this unfortunate country ar ler does not Lake stronger measures l, support the revolution
,ers I, come. I do not ni-aiiu to be understood as actually which was in part, i'f not wholly, brought about by herself
belitving lhal Mr. do Is R.asa, had ho done what I said he (England) with the expreAs Obt.jct of destroying the influence
ough i t hae, would have succeeded in conasplidling a ,f France in Spain and establishing her own upun its ruins.
regular constitutional system of Governmnent, since I have al- Bul while Spain Lis made to bleed at every tv.ire thr.iaigh the
ready expressed my do.ubls on that point. But whbal I have conduct of England, the latter will most assuredly fail in her
..d I n-1 r. -.1w L h _.I.J -.k. 1h ---l 1.1-- ien-_oa l_ i.LJ l- in h i:_ .la h ice lpre nmfu

principal uesiign. In the udueatei nt huexrasts. m a etr Uo

'Deputles, to which t have already referred, Mr. Thiers tn-
dertiuk to prove that E-gland would establish a permanent
i, nluence it, Spain, if FaTi.ce dinl not proceed in the srpp..rl of
the I.rc-rot Spanish Government; but Mr. Guizot ground
him tu aiums. It is said that the first named is an able man;
ibut he is to the other, in my estimation, as a pigmy Io a ianlt.
The pe-eches of the former on Spanish affairs were weak in
arglumert and erroneous as to matters of fact, while those of
the latter were most profound and accurate. This point-of
Eglan.] establishing her influence in Spain-Mr. Guizot
underasiud and handled like a master. Most clearly did he
prove that surh nevtr had been and never could be the case;
atnd I am thoroughly persuaded that all his other positions in
rengaid lo S.Spanh affairs were equally well founded. It is
true that a certain portion or party of the Spaniards are at
ilis tsLme saying a good many things in favor of England be-
caue Lthe British Government is supporting that same party,
tie wine it as opposed to the Government of Louis Philippe,
and, therefore, the most favorable to England. But the most
re-sipeitable and intelligent portion of the liberals, as well as
the I.r-rral friend. ,,f the Regent, while they are willing to
,ive Ernglii nil due creFdit for the i-tual aissiaLtance .ht rendersi
in the Carlists war, perfectly understand that she has .o
managed as l., prevent a seaso.,nable and effectual irteeention
on the part of France. Arid I will here remark, thaLt I have
very little doubt that France, by the tesiirietieon upon her
southern and frontier trade, to ordi.r tia prvent supiplies from
going to the Carlist provinces, and the expenses inrurred in
eriorlorn those rtstietions, makes sacrifices lu a greater
amount th.n any thiog d.'na eby England lur whtch she due.
rnot ef.pteet and intend t) ibe moist ampvly remuneraleil."
As in, the friendship .,I England for liberal constitutional
principle in t lher countries, it is a solemn farce. She lately
made an atittempt, i:.r ws at the bottom ol one, in Porlugal to
ur est a C nasiulion similar to that which she aided in estab
lishinr here at the expense of a revouiWion. 7thss she con-
idE red it m inre favorable tutlhomainattnance of r rionefluec
Wo have the char r A r -
the royal tatuite of Mr. do Ia RbswhlWhlhtes wWiB
Con-ttulion of ;12, or revolution, or what not that may
place otI k. ep some inistrumniitl ot bers in power. There is a
f -,i, llugh ni much known Im the world, which of itself
would furnish proof, if any were wanting at this day, of the
troth ,fi what I have just stated. It is that in the course of
an attempt, made in the winter of 1832 -'3, on the part of
England to induce the late King Ferdinand to abandon Don
Miguel and to assist in placing Donna Maria upon the throne
of Portugal, it was proposed that if Spain would agree to the
project, Donna Maria should reign without any charter or
constitution, the same as Miguel did; and this was at the
very moment when England was proclaiming in the face of
the world that she was lending her aid to establish constitu-
tional liberty in Portugal."
In my opinion there exists sufficient evidence that the
object of England is no longer, if it ever was, to obtain a fair
and liberal treaty of commerce with this country, leaving
the door open to the exertions of other friendly and commer-
cial nations in the same course, but that she entertains views
of an exclusive and improper character in regard to this as
well as other objects. Although she may fail, as I have said
she will, in her efforts to gain an important permanent in-
fluence in this country, yet from her connexion with this
Government in relation to the Carlist war, she occupies, for
the time being, a position which affords great facilities to her
operations; and there is little reason to doubt that she will
at all events avail herself of this p.,asilion, as well as of the
distress to which b:hia country is now reduced, to accomplish
some object or to gain some advantage which may be injuri-
|.)u to other nations, and especially so to the United States.
I consider, therefore, that in any view of the subject, we have
important interests at stake, and that the utmost vigilance,
activity, and tact should be exercised on our part in order to
watch and to guard against the danger to be apprehended
fr,.m that quarter."
There is no evidence that Louis Philippe has asked any
thmng of Spain, and certainly none that he has made secret
a', mpts (as anothc Po1ower has) to obtain profitable treaty
i, h her. Nor can there, as I believe, be a single fact brought
forward to prove that the moderate party here has shown any
improper attachment to France, or prejudice against Eng
In.l. And that this party has a clear majority in th,. coun.
tri has been sufficiently settled, when the people have beet,
mm'mitted to attend the electiiuna and to vote free from nto-
lence and military inteit" rente. But whenever the moderate
piarny has been placed in power, it has each time been ousted
L:iruugh the means of insurrerctinmary mivemenis setl un fool
or at leasa ehdouragnty- DrT" t Iti-ragent., -iertaheen su e
cededl by an administration more or 1Jes devoted to England.
Anil so soon as France has shown even a wllirtIriess to hart
a state of things which is, in reality, an fr-,anstir, one as ii
regards her broken in upon, there has resounded, far and wile,
the cry of French influence and French intrigue. With re-
gard to the question as to which nation will ultimately hold
the greater consideration and influence in Spain, it is clear,
both from natural and political causes, that this must fall to
the lot of France; and all that England should do ia to see
that France shall take no improper advantage of her position
in this respect.'"
I will now say a word about European liberalism. In
the United States it appears to be generally thought that we
must be always on the side of the parties calling themselves
liberal, and those, too, claiming to be the most liberal in every
country where such parties may rise up without any know-
ledge of the particular objects they may have in view, or of
the practicability of accomplishing such objects, or of the
description and character of the people composing the parties,
Many, too, seem to think that these countries can go through
a revolution with as much facility as we did, and even esta-
blish republican Governments. But these are grand errors.
Indeed ours can scarcely be called a revolution. [t was ra-
ther a shaking off of our dependence upon and subjection to
a distant foreign Power. We had no ancient and deeply-
planted institutions to tear up by the roots, nor inveterate
and unyielding prejudices to encounter. Neither had we
principles of opposite extremes combating and counteracting
each other. It is true, we abolished royaltyand nobility; but
as they had taken no root in our soil, and were known to us
only at a distance, it was merely like cutting off the extreme
ends of the small roots which had extended themselves a
great way, without any actual interference with the body of
the tree, or even with the principal roots, Except in this re-
speet, then, the systems of government and the spirit of the
laws in our States remained essentially the same as before.
In fine, our fathers had not to learn the principles of free
government; they already understood them.'t
The question here suggests itself whether in these old
countries where the Governments of a particular form have
existed for ages, and all the habits, customs, aud laws, as
well as auxiliary institutions, have become peculiarly adapt-
ed to such Governments, it is practicable to abolish those
forms, and advantageously to erect in their stead new sys-
tems radically different. To accomplish such a rhangs ap-
pears to me is be a niiithty work ; and yet how many there
are who thinK it is only 'o collect together a multitude of
armed men, and to get npvma platforna, and read off, am'bls
the hurrah. of the cr-mwd, a charter or constitution cut and
dried for the ocravi to, and that then all is done. They ap-
pear to suppose that to learn the principles and operations ot
government by a people who never even dreamed about them,
is but the work of a day. But, alas, how mistaken they are !
And how little do they understand, 'or how lightly do they
estimate the ravages and the horrors of a revolution It is,
indeed, to be desired that tie monarchs and governors in such
countries would perceive the wisdom, and exercise the phi-
lanthropy to make or to permit improvements and reforms in
the administration of their systems calculated to render their
practical results more conformable to the principles of jus-

twice and to the lights of the present day. And is not this al-
ready taking place, especially where no attempts at actual revo-
lution have impeded such a course I Is it not a fact that, as
the interc)urse between nations increases, and civilzition
and knowledge are extended, the people living under abso-
lute Governments are practically admitted to greater privi-
leges, and morejustly and mildly governed than formerly 1"
Look at the situation of the Spanish American States.
Have the efforts of the liberals there afforded any strength,
or been of any advantage to the cause of republicanism, er
the true principles of liberty I Or have they, on the other
hand, like much of the European liberalism, Jad a tendency
to bring those principles into disrepute, if not into disgrace 1
And are those States, in reality, any ,eLeter off, than they
were as colonies of Spain 'I That the establishment of their
independence has bee-n of no benefit to us, in a political view,
appears to me quite clear for more reasons than those just
referred i. Tt is only on accouut of the commerce we have
with them that their independence has been beneficial lto ue.
Bat would Spain have all.-we.J us the same freedom of trade
with them ,t would, in my ludgnent, have been altogether
better for us that they had continued eolontes in the bands
of at weak and ditlant foreign Power. I. thal case there
would have been no difficulties nor jealousies between them

and us. But being independent nations, lying as it were by
the side of us, they vainly set up to rival us, and from their
mistaken notions of self-consequence, and the intrigues of
foreign Governments, we shall ever be exposed to frituenrt
altercations and difficulties with thtm."
"The Cortes have now been in session here about five
months, and are at this time discussing the project of a new
Constitution, which has been reported to the Chamber of
Deputies by a committee of that body. Not amendments to
the Constitution of 1812, but an entirely new one. What
greater proof can be necessary that the obsolete and imprac-
ticable ene referred to was merely made use of to scas.mpli.h
a re.voluii.n than that by universal consent it is as complete-
vly thrown aside as if it had never existedI' The plan now
proposed is not a bad one in itself considered, though it is
still too democratic for this country. But it is to be feared,
from the long-settled habits and customs of the nation, and
from the facility with which resistance to existing authority
can be gotten up, that, whatever Constitution may now be
made, it will not be much regarded either by the people or
by the Government, but that the country will continue to be,
as it ever has been, goverr,,d esi-rnlially by abi.,lute puwer."
I do nut mean Lby any tting I have said to call in qus.a-
tion the motives ur inlenions f ithe mass of ihe Spaniards
cl any of the parties ezising in the c..utnry. It cannot, in
my opinion, be doubtrd that they have much both ol talent
and patlriotlism among them. And I d, eve that they all de-
sire to be entirely independent of i.reitgn i,.iluence, en.d thai,
whenever any portion of them avail themnlvfes of it, they
do ao only temprarily, and to accomplish some immediate
object. But the great difliculty appears to be that they are
striving fur more than is attlainatble by them, at least for the
present; and, moreover, that, in their zeal and haste, instead
iof securing the object they have in view, they are falling off
to a greater distance from it."

fl L dades of ,he .rdi .Snd Exc ., ,Fl ue-

Bcriber will sell at privatesale, on accommodating term.,
his plannatinn, known by ithe name of Bjnt.,illet, an, lying in
Prince Lieorga's county, Marylarn, corniwning 754 acres -if land,
It abounds in wood and meadow land, an i_ well waltere.d. The
dwelling, built at great cost, and out Jf slel t.e-t roteral,, sLandJ
on a commanding eminence, overloonkingr a t, a.,ili.jl conntry. It
his every necessary out-building, with t[b.ic.:it.icsea saelceol
to cure eighty hogsheads of tobacco.
In speaking of the fertility of its soil, it is enough to say that
this plantation lies in the centre of that J|liiiirtl rr:ei.on of coun-
try known as the Porest of Prince G'erwq'a," %hch. for beau-
tiful scenery, salubrity of climate, natural Ierilin ) of -.,il, present
high state of agricultural imrr',veu.,eri, as well as f.r ite respec-
tability of the inhabitants, an.] eleotid.l adri refined state of soci-
ety, cannot be surpassed by any section of country in the United
When all these ad'antfsge are considered, together with itsa
vicinity to the three great marts for all agricultural productions,
viz. Baltimore, Annapolis, and the District of Columbia, with
many other local circumstances growing out of its situation, it is
deemed one of the most desirable country seats that has ever
been offered either to the speculator or lover of rural life.
If not sold before, it will be exposed at public sale on Thurs-
day, the 19th of October next, if fair, if not, the next fair day.
sept 20 -2awts Good Luck P. 0,, Prince George's county.

,'(tR *'ALE.-The subscriber wishes to sell a very valu-
a ble I.i r of ground adjoining the residence of Mrs. Beaile,
and about one mile north of the Capitol.
This lot contains about twelve acres, is highly improved and
well set in grass ; it has two pretty streams of water running
through it, with a handsome grove of young trees on that part
most desirable for a residence. To a gentleman wishing to unite
the comforts of city and country, or a person engaged in the
butchering business, this lot offers more than ordinary induce-
ments. Inquire of Mr. DAVID MOORF, adjoining the land, or
to the subscriber.
Also, a small tract of land adjoining Judge Dorsey's, and two
miles from the village of Bladensburg.
This tract contains fifty acres, twelve of which are in cultiva-
tion and the residue in wood-land. A small dwelling is on the
land. Inquire of Mr. JNO. ANDERSON, in Bladenaburg, or
the subscriber, Washington, D. C.
sep 19-dlw JAMES MOORE.
SEALED PROPOSALS will be received at the Mayor's Of.
fice, until 3 o'clock P. M. of the 26th instant, for executing
certain Repairs to the Bridge over the Canal at Seventh street,
a specification of which is placed at the Mayor's Office, unsI may
be examined any day between the hours of 9 A. M.and 3 P. M.
sept 18-if5t
t1 IlENT.-'h.t vers fine and di-. 1b. bolme ..n the
...rnrr oi 3.1 and tj stieet l.,sd reL|iLly -1 thorough re-
aisr, nlt'] it now f.r nate .or fur rcn- u. a no'ul trniri. Pieltrriug
sill Iit, a b remain may be had; and if rti sold in one week from
thit,, I'y, it will then .j rented and paseesio.on given on the lot of
October, or t efora ,f deaired. FP.)r pariculars inquire at the aut:-
lion siore. of ROBr. W. DYER & CO.
seo i-,-dlwif Gin"be 1 _.. I,..-
cmn alway L.b haod at the Hirmiburg Lime KiIns in ib e First Ward,
It tll. I' llwil, t i.ricea, vil:. I ar-g Iluip L.m.a 9 Cents per lar-
rel ; aii,,,ll .ime l(och aa is tr.,,tl ,1 .t ihe rcani and from Tho-
",.'t 5,.n cn,_ pr barrel. t,4rrhd Li,.e for rralportation
*t 121, Hydraulic UementS9, CalcinedPlaster $3 50; Pulverized
Marble 92 60 per barrel. Lime for agricultural purposes from
6 to 15 cents per bushel.
The Cementoffered for sale is equal to the best Roman element,
ard i, ii...w in I rfrral i1.- fljr hr i, iimil no i% r tlink-, le'eser oir,
c -iilrrsi, i] ..r ,oi tfao.irleni il buo [.i,- ,o. iW lien properly
la.iJ aE, d .-ori Ieo. es!-a. 4 [ rJ r.-ie m ,artled an 1 hl-it; te iiili'ul polish
and i.ay 4V e ,:lUl..rei as i. iy .Jnic ,le. Dirtc,in., lir vis use
can t. hij, on np.,i-,cmn r.) ile 6, bhe(ri er, where a i ni, mty ba
semen ti-nte wu .i piin cm-rnni. Puln.rised mirblt. i, ar,w used
for the noishing coat of plastering in the halts or passigei uf
.,.:,l buildings, and bears a polish equal to marble.
sept 19-2awtf WM. EASiH.
D RAWN NUMBERS of the Alexandria Lottery, No.
48, drawn September 16, 1843 :
20 51 61 24 74 77 46 36 69 29 26 3
ON SATURDAY, 23d instant,

1 prize of 50,000 1 prize of $3.00u
1 do 25,000 1 do 2.4-25
1 do 15,000 60 do 1i,1rn
1 do 10,c00 O100 do 500
I do 6,000 &a. &c.
Tickets 15, Halves 67 50, Quarters $3 75, Eighths 9l 87,
Por sale by J. G. GREGORY & CO. Manager.,
sep 18-- i'if N %, ior nai ..f fGi,.r.v'A. W' .. ... .


$60,000-$30,000-$14,068-2 prizes of$10,000,
50 prizes of $1,000.

CL.ASeS 0, FOR 1843.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Saturday, Oct. 14, ld43,
J. G. GREGORY & CO., Managers.

1 grand prize of $60,000
I do 30.000
1 do 14,068
2 prizes of 10,000
2 8,000
3 5,i)ii
3 4, ntu
a 3ldtumi

65 200
65 2.000

65 100
130 80
260 60
260 50
4,225 40
2,080 (tst drawn No.) 30
2,080 (2d drawn No.) 25
2,080 (3d drawn No.) 22
20,00o 20

is $60 011U
30, ,ujn
20 000
1 2.000
15 r)(10
526 f-Ofa
63 .2uO
L 3,11rio
6 5rfl
15 600
62 alri
52 Oou
456 71"
416,10im )0

32,396 Prizes, amounting to .- $.,179,,78
78 number lottery-13 drawn ballots.
Whole tickets $20, Halves$10, Quarters$S5, Eghths 52 50.
Certificates of packages of tickets in this magnificent Littery
car, be obtained as follows:
Certificate of a package of 26 whole tickets, $260
Do do of 26 half do 130
Do do of 26 quarter do 65
Do do of 26sighth do 32 60
In lthiLrotlery there are 76 nr'76 tickets, which, divided by 26,
glvn- o-iv t2,92F packages in the h.-jle L.ollery, thua the adven-
turer wh.i purchluases a crnltiiCtle of a package has one chance in
2,9i6 chances -.f' drawing the eitand casiual prize of S960,0n ; one
chacrue in 1,463 .f drawinae either the *tO.,t0>) nar.ltal or 130.0io0
cait.ual riirss ; one chance in 'J75 io'drawiag lte $60 "i>0o, S1uI.Oi01,
or lie 14h,i'S i.rizes; one chan.:e is fin .I drawnei the .60.uouO,
$3mJ u60, $14,068. o r one ol the tw, Sit i.1um r.r-z.-s. Ani
chance in 29.,a drawing either a, a 1,204, a 1.H104, a
2 rifui. a 3,n00, a 4,01O0, a 5.0.0, t, 8.0i.i,, a ltunit. a 14.6tied, a
1.,0t4t d.,llir rize, or the grand eapiral prie -:f t61,r0i1u. And
ain e-.-.kaee may contain the first f-jur capital priz.s, amounting
to 8 114 0c0.
fn'Orders for Ti--keiti an-] Shires end Certificates of Packages
in the al-rve si lend L lmiery will rerenV ii he ims, p,.,mpt at-
lenimon, ndt an acc,:-unt of the drawing will be sent imniuediately
asltr it ms over to all who wav orderr ucketa fiomr as. Address
J. G GREGORY & CO. Managers, Washington.
sept Ita .iw4w'l&'pil
SCHOOL BOOKS, a large *saortiment, for as La PARN.
HAM'S, corner of' 1ith 6irget aad Pennsylvania avenue. '

'i~I: It

:is 1
, ..
.i ,.i

tlf ,, &ktJ ._.&ilLS.- ................ iiI ............... .. - .....



dit andJU repeat uI ~ thaltLie failedUtoU ULe KUtne eapeilment '




Messrs. GALins & SEATON : The result of the investigation
in the last number, in reference to the agricultural produce
of the United States in 1840, was to establish the fact that
the whole quantity raised in the Mississippi valley was over
one-third more than that of the Atlantic strip. The cotton
crop was nearly twice as large, being 1,108,899 to 647,722
bales of 450 Ibs. each; the wheat crop was 50,510,248 to
34 31-2 8.11 bub.hels; the corn crop 246 504,463 to 131,027,412
bushels; and ihe sugar crop 117,889,800 to 21,719,106 lbS.
By table No A i1 wja hown that, in the same year, the val.
ley furnrilied two thirds and the Atlantic strip one-third of
the value of the domestic exports of the United States. At
the rale ofl" increase of the valley, the crops of 1843 will ex-
ceed those ct 140 abbouiit .-i,,--urt,, e.i that those uf the
present year will probably b.- aery considerably more than
one-half l.rgei than the cro, of lthie Atlantic 'rip. It is not
intended t. dwell at ihe present time on sucb facts as these in
cimmmon with thoeo alreae'y slated, they are ulirniued f.r the
reader's c:.-rinsideraion until such lime as we shall call them
up to be applied to their proper u-irs
We will now examirie the census tables with a view to
aicerain the eCtlient and value .l the -dingMrt mnuilactutes of
the Urnied Sies, and pjint out the diariciats in which they
are locked. The following lat-le (N.. 10) present. a view :.f
the value -f the articles therein named, and sh.,.w. the amount
produced in the seciions designated
TABLK No. lO-.Shaowing the tralue of some of.he leading ar
riddles marnufacured in ihe United .-'atee in l140; and
what amount was produced resp,.cnvelq in the .Atlantic strip
and in the Miississippi valley.


iiguB6M&iisM-&BiPq,o' WUArtnt Slat|1ve Sleso

rd ws t;
WdolliAi-fe i'oai- .
Cotton goods .
Hats, cap, bonnets, St&c
Leather, boots, aboes, &t.
SIken goods
FIaxI gonijOs .
Hempi,-n gods .
Glass arid eOithenware

Hardware, cutlery, &c.
Woollen goods.
Cotton goods I
Hats, caps, bonnets, &c.
Leather, boots, shoes, &c
Siike i-r ,ds
Fiazer, gds .
Piazenr g-jda .
Hempen goods .
Glass and earthenware

\19 t6659
4-3 351,228
6 903 6R5
"-5 569.795
11-2 l61
fJI A4 7i

l05 937 525

3031 15
389 21.
1 561.4l1;
I 5M1
A 679
h h



$438 563


i Total,

M 4538- 385
1 7 29!2837
9 "2^, 131.-264
I 114 150
9 l.91 Selt.
I 2,459,310
I 3,731952


$123.395 $561,958
179415 944113
693200 967,978
432,629 1,362,805
1,814,261 4,986490
1556 5 664
10 65 30,756
1,523,396 1,609,996

4778 510 10,732,926

This table gives a distinct and interesting view of the ex-
tent and value, and determines the location of the most im
portant manufacturing interests of the United States. The
entire value of the articles named is $122,778.605. Of this
amount the nine Atlantic free States produced $105.937,525,
and the Atlantic slave States $6,108,154: the free States ol
the valley produced 15 954.416. and the slave States $4,778,-
510. The Atlantic stsip manufactured $112,045.679, and
the Mississippi valley only $10.73 926. The nine Atlantic
free States manufactured $105,937,525, whilst the other se-
venteen Statts pradJuced to ihe amount of only S16 8-11,080
The nine Allantic free States are therefore the great manu
factuiring States of the Union ; turning off as they do more
than ils pairis in seven of the whole amount manufactured ir
the Unted Stlate. As regards population, they are, in re
lerernice to that of the Union, at the present lime, in the pro
portion rof about one to four. Thiis fact is highly creditable;
it shoss that immense cauitil is owned in those Stite1, iant
evinces the great en(terprtse of the comparatively few indivi-
duals whoi c.nrol it. Ilthe increasee of population and agri
cultural produce in the MisslAsstppi valley tie ouiastripiig a I
precedent, the growth of mar,ufactures in the Atlantic Stale.
it rapid aud large in amo-unt, very far beyond any thing hereto-
fore knoi n. There i,however, a great and striking difference
in the causes thdt have accelerated the growth of these irleresti.
That of the valley has advanced, in con sequence of the natural
and certain advantages of soil, climate, and position, which
ij;mm;,...AlLatt 4.ducemenia La iudslltry and entslrprisa lsuhs*
iIi -piod. "rs growth is natural; the causes of it art
!P,' inherent; and it will go on, alike independent of the palron-
age of either State or Naui-nal Government. The manru-
facturing intere-t is a legislative plant ; t has been forced into
existence by ruohibitory duties, and cannot caretis without
them. Unlike the interests uf the valley, it has no stamina,
nothing inherent, but draws its support by sucking the pap ol
other interests.
It is now intended to ascertain the amount of the con.
sumptiont of the Mississippi valley, as well of articles im-
ported into the United States as of those manufactured in
the valley, and those produced in other parts of the Union.
We will begin with those imported into the United States.
Some of these are for the use of the United States; others for
the use of the navigating interest and the fisheries; arind
others again, to a very considerable extent, are for the use of
the manufacturing interest; all of which are consumed in the
Atlantic States. The population of the valley and of the
Atlantic strip being nearly equal in 1840, it is assumed that
one half of all other articles was consumed in each. The
following table (No. 11) shows the amount of imports in
1840, the amount left for consumption, and where consumed
TaBB No. 11-Showing the amount of goods imported into
tie i'nitect States in 1840, the amount left on hand for
consumption, and what part of it was consumed respectively
in the Atlantic trip and in the Mississippi valley.

Total amount of goods imported
in l0O
Dduc amount of foreign goods
t lp|pltid
Deduct amount of gold and silver
bullion and specie imported.



Amount left on hand for the con-
mumpton if.. the United States

A mount consumed in the Atlantic
Manuiactured goods $21,029,351
Materials for manu-
ficturers, &c. 19,185,000
spices, &c. 9,362,324
-- 49,576,675
. mouni consumed in the Missis-
sippi valley.
Manufactured goods 21,0-29 351
spices, &c. 9,362,32-3
---- 30,391674




I- -I 79,968 349
TM table shows the amount oa ihe imports in 1840 to have
been $107,141.519, and that left for the consumption of the
United S.ites 9'J,9ti66349 Of this amiounr 819 576 675 us
estimated ti have been consumed in the Atlanntic trip, and
630 391 674 in the Mississippi valley. The following table
(No. 12) shows the value of the manufactured goods im.
pirted into, and the amount of similar goods produced in the
United States in 1840, and the amount left on hand for con-
sumpion o:
TABLE No. 13-Showing the amount of certain goods im-
pa.rted into and of similar goods manufactured in the Uni-
Ied Siates in 1840, and Ike amount left for consumption,

Description of goods.

Silk and worsted goods
Worsted goods
Worsted hosiery .
Cotton hosiery .
Hardware, cutlery, &c.
Woollen goods .
Silken Fg}-,ds
Flis and hempen gon.ds
Halt, raps, ,linnels, &c.
Boets, hoesi, saddlery, &c.
Glass and earthenware
Cotton goods

Deduct amount of cotton goods
exported .
Deduct amount of other domestic
goods reported

Add amount of goods imported .
Amount lef on hand for the con-
sumption of the United States


S1 7-29 792
2,498 5i.09
9,599 5'22
711 19-.
2 737 7J3
6 18iiq3i)

42,05'S 7(i;

1.893 609


4 391 446
8 655 642
3-2 117.75j
3 995 118
46 350 363


This table, besides showing the amount left for consump.
tion to have been $159,394,081, discloses some very impor-
tant facts. The whole amount imported and manufactured
was $164,837,307. Of this the value of imported goods was
only 142,058,702, whilst that of similar articles produced in
the United States runs up to the very large sum of $122,-
778,605. In other words, of the description of goods named
in the preceding table the people of the United States manu-
facture almost three-fourths and import but little over one-
fourth of what they consume. It also shows the progress
made in each article towards a full supply for the consump-
tion. In the heavy articles of cotton and of woollen goods,
in leather, boots, and shoes, and in hats, caps, and bonnets, the
manufactures of this country are very far ahead. The fol-
lowing table shows the entire value of imported and manu-
factured goods consumed in the Mississippi valley, the des-
cription of them, and where the domestic articles were pro-
duced :
TABLF No 13-.3Shcvttn tpie -u7int af fooii,ra rd dmne-efic
good rcot,,um'idn i'h ,te .11,- tppi rllyj ti 1-10, arid
whtre Me' ditumesli: ef'_,,di i, rc mrinul'-,,u rcd
The folureign goods fir conuinpitio by table N.).
II anm.'uni ta 30 391.6t;4
Trip d.impe-ie e.indi f..r corsumilinin by latble No.
H2. 61117,335 379, one half 5 1 ti i"it

Total amount lor the cornsunmiion of Ithe Missis-
1ippi valley 89.059 3t3
The amoiunit is made up by Ihe following tutmn
Giiils mranul.cliutied in tt.e Misi.nippi
valley i10) 73-2,9 26
Gela manufactured in the
Allantic strip 17 934"11 7i.3
For'gn manufactured go.J -2 1 ini:i 351
Groceries, wines, spices, fruit-, -. 9,36-1 3-13
.9 i159 363

According to this table, the total value of the goods, both
-imported and man.ufactured in the United Sates, consumed
a.hMis*d.p alley ib 1840, pas I89,059,363 Of this
r ill o ed 4pNlf, in m anutfctured goods, to the
aamont 'nf 810,739 26, and imported to the amount of
978,326,437 Of ihis am-unt of imports, Lhe value ,t"o
W47934.763 wss manufactured g..,da Irnm the Atlantic
States; the value of 921 ,fi'9 351 was loridIfn g ..tIs; And ihe
I'trlher talue of 493i6 -323 .3a, gricerje., wine-,,
fruit, &c.
The reader has now before him what, in the absence of
fuller and more accurate data, may be considered a tolerably
correct estimate of the amount of the imports and exports of
the Mississippi valley. It imported in 1840, of foreign goods
and of the manufactures of the Atlantic States, to the amount
of $78,326,437, and exported to foreign countries, of its own
agricultural produce and manufactures, to the amount of
As to the internal or domestic trade between it and the
Atlantic strip, the fact was established in the last number
that the people of those States raise sufficient for their own
use, and consequently want little or nothing from the valley.
The trade, therefore, consists in the purchase by the people
of the valley from those of the Atlantic strip of manufactured
goods to the amount, in 1840, i'fj 7 931 736. At the present
time it is probably fifty-five millions annually, and is increasing
The internal trade of the valley is very large. The people
of the grain-growing States sell flour, provisions, corn, and
live stock in very large quantities to those of the cotton-
growing and sugar-producing States; indeed, those States
constitute the only domestic market for these articles. They
also supply steamboats, sugar-mills, and various kinds of
machinery, furniture, and other manufactured articles. Sugar
arid molasses are the principal articles received in return. It
is by sales to the planting States and to i'Oregnt cuurntries tlia
the people of the grain growing Stales of the valley ,.biain
morey encuih to pity tr their share ofl'l he imported of the val-
ley; and it krepd them s busy to dia this that they have hardly
time to c.unrL the mmney belorer the open hand of ni.rthirn
inlerestl" is preeentedil t receive it. In a very able report, nimde
to the Senale of the United States in February last by Mr.
BstiFRw, of Louisiana, srIn reputlliled in the National
lntellige-ncer last spring, the downward trade of ihe Misse.-
sippi rir is etilnaled at tl-.10) till)t00f), on-I the upward trade
at S100.00ltl 000 annually. Iti ay-' -Thus the entiream,,iui
Sof commodities conveyed on the waters of ihe M11ss846i pi
Sdoes not, upon the best esalimate, fall short of i8-21)-0i).iiti0
Annually, whi ch is but a30,001i) fii less than tle ritie vs
lue of the IfriOgn trode of the United Sialts, imports and
exports, in I41."
LouisviLLF, (KY ) Srpr 5, 1R13.

iNO.,lUI EH, tne ,. ithe Ilrci,,l ih Wi|.,Si er, Q Il.e
world, I ,put 11ted eve, eri s to- nr. rri-i clgnti ieto li i-,,n.
taIdinn ia l th i la L-een luLihhed in ih.' ltiil) i.,-Lrier srij En.
,1,irer dijriiL ihie w-ek, dll int I: i.l [ p iD b LS b tie y ,[t ile iLJfi,-
eta, &Z. & C *. ipi Lu ItitC nout ol pUbhs.t Llun.
Terms : Two dollars par annum, invariably in advance. Any
person sending ten dollars current money, free of postage, will
be entitled to six copies; twenty dollars, to twelve copies ; forty
dollars, to twenty-fire copies.
Subscribers who have paid in advance since the lst of July,
will tie credited on the books at the rate of two dollars per an-
num. August 26, t843-sept 20-It

'T HE Lectures in this Institution will commence on the 2d
SMonday in October.
Belles-Lettres, Logic, Ethics, andt History-Thomas R. Dew,
President and Proless.r.
Political Law and Government-eBeverly Tucker, Professor.
M/athematics--Robert Saunders, Professor.
Chemistry-John Millington, Professor.
Political Economy and Metaphysics-Thomas R. Dew, Pro-
Natural Philosophy-John Miilington, Professor.
Mathematics-ltobert Saunders, Professor.
Law-Beverly Tucker, Professor.
Preparatory Mathematics-Robert Saunders, Professor.
Ancient Languages-Charles Minnigercde, Professor.
To enter the Junior Latin Class the Student must be prepared
to read Sallust and Virgil; and for the admission into the Junior
Greek Class, he must be prepared to read Xsnophon.
Fees to three Professors, $20 each 860 00
Half fee (Junior Political Class) 10 00
Matriculation fee 6 00
Board (including washing, lights, and fuel) 130 00

$205 00
Fees to three Professors $60 00
Matriculation fee 6 00
Board, &c. 13 00

$195 00
Law $20 00
Junior Latin Class 20 00
Senior do 20 00
Juniu, Greek ClIas 2 00
Senior do .2i, ot
Preparatory Mathematics *i It0
> prices tl Bt ud here pat dnwn ar 6139, is thne paid uIo lte
'lOtege Steward, h, in corsideraio.'n .-i fereman priilvt.-t
binda bimpl no ttihe PFs.-ulty t. lake aill SSu.ents hb.) appi. ior
brard al tihe price i hele iasied. The Stitlevih tordning wilt, him
I..dge in ihe t-olege Builing.
The price -if HoaH-i, iiclu line willing, lights, and fuel, at
c-tliier Bosading Hiisea iu r uor-s, rmuio, exceed $150. This has
been crtablaiebed by a general rJ.dr.-:inding with the College
To enter the Junior Mathematical Class, the Student must be
prepared to commence with simple Equations. Those not so pre-
paied may obtain the necessary preparation in a Preparatory
In addition to the studios above enumerated, there is a depart-
ment of higher studies necessary to the attainment of the de-
gree of A. M.
Information concerning this course (as well as other matters)
may be obtained from the annual Catalogues, or by correspond-
ing with any one of the Professors. The classical certificate is re-
quired for the degree of A. M.
Gentlemen wishing to prepare themselves for Medical Gradu-
ation at any Institution, can obtain the necessary preparation
from Professor Millington, who gives a private course of Medical
Instruction : FeeS 30.
In addition to the Class of Municipal Law, there will be a se-
cond and private course by the Professor, in which the Text
i Books will be Tucker's Commentaries, the Revised Code, Lo-
max's Digest, Stephen on Pleading-(let or 2d edition,) Mitford's
Pleadings; while the Student will have the advantage of reading
in an expensive and well-assorted reference Library : Fee $50.
Teat Rooks in all ihe iutijrefs referred to can be had in town
at prices net rxc-seine th-.:e inr the cities.
All pets-ns atitnd-rd any c-f the private Classes mentioned
(who ha pren not to be Students of the College) will be required
to matriculate if above the age nf 16.
Private instruction in the Classics, (preparatory for College,)
and in the German and French Languages, may be obtained in
town. T. R. DEW, Professor.
sep 20-w3w

'IOTI'E.--liue Auditor of the Circuit Court for the District
IN Ti1 Cnlmba and county of Washington, in pursuanco of or-
5443-2"26 dtrF, will prti::eet to audit the accounts of the trustee appointed
S by said Court, on Monday, the 2d day of October next, at his of-
S17 335 379> fice in the City Hall, in the cause of James Townley and others
S1 '5 vs. the heirs and representatives if Herry Knowlc. Jr Sanil iihtr-..
4-,05' 7I";2 Those having claims or being i'.ttr.ted inla the duiirmnui,.n of said
-- estate will make their claims known on that day.
19,394,081 sept 20-s3t JOSEPH FORREST, Auditor.


"Liher'y anid Uniohn, now anid iNrever. nne and
lIn.epara hle."



The pulbli, is nutich indeblted lo the author of lthe
Naval Hi'toiv ol" the United Siates" ror the sub-
joined -piritel and dicilie ,indication of one of
our gallanti-et tars, those name is too dear ti the
country lor an\t slain to he suIffered to lie upon il,
and wlioe- bravery was tol less di.;lingui.lhed in
every tfilit, than his gn-tttlenes, courtesy, and dis-
iit.i,- sied huinaniLYtv in the monient of victory.
There as no truer-hearted man than BAINBRIiDGE:
a Litter sailor lhas rarely irod the quarter-deck-
more lerrlbk- in action, or readier after it to greet,
in the conquered adversary, down to the lowest sea-
man, a braue, if less fortunate shipmate, no longer
an enenmy, but a brother.
As to ALISON, the prejudices to which he ollten
gie' play are well knont, He has, however, in
some other instances, repaired, in a %ery manly
spirit, the mistakes into which they have led him.
We hope he will do so in this case. Candor is one
ol" the very first virtues of the historian. If' he
would have his book live, hlie must erase from it anty
defect in that high particular.
MR. EDITia : I *% -t1r1 l snafsild aLtd'Wh sttlrd t-ling-
the fiollowir.g sentenos in'Alison's History of Europe, asoa-
r nily given in connerton with my name as authority, %it:
Capt. BiNBRtniDC sullied the glory -f his triumph by un
manily and ungtrier.iij ticafiweri .it the seamen made itrion.
rs, whi.rn he thandl.uffed. anrid robbMd o'ferr. thing ,.y ps8
s&.a;.d, Ii,.ualh he tre-oed ih* ulli,:e-r. mnet generously ,
a conduct bhich ait. rded a striking c.intrasi," &c
"* Brenton, 11, 460,462. James vi. 127, 137. Cooper, It, 229,
224, &."
Now, sir, if I am authority for any part of the foregoing
statement, it is the portion which alludes to thq generous
treatment of the officers ; but Mr. Alison introduces my name
in a way to induce the reader, who may not have access to
my work, to believe I am authority for the very improbable
assertion that HE," Corn Bainbridge, robbed the English
seamen of their etfectal I suppose Mr. Alison would say that
he meant merely to refer to my account in order to substan-
tiate the portion of his allegation which I have pointed out;
but, it strikes me when praise and censure are thus blended
in a single sentence, the world should be told distinctly, if it
is told any thing on the subject, who is authority for the one
and who is authority for the other.
This is far from being the only instance in which my name
is introduced by Mr. Alison, in a way to make me appear as
authority for things 1 never wrote, and the truth of which I
deny. References of this ambiguous nature constantly oc-
cur, and some of them are as ludicrous as they are erroneous;
though no other makes as gross a charge as this, which alludes
to the conduct of Com. Bainbridge.
A very simple answer can be given to Mr. Alison, in con-
nexion with this parikular accusation. It is well kuown the
British officers, including Lieut. (JGen. Hyslop, made the
f'reet actknowledglenUs (f the liberal and kind treatment they
receiid. Now, whaL are we to think ol men who could be
sa, ialih as toI confine their views t,)l themsives, when Bain-
PrtJge had played the ru/,bber with the poor seamen An
hionorable man would have repelled Com. Bainbridge's favors
ollh indignati.,n under such circumstances; and It would
hava lieen the duty of General Hyslop to have said to him
Take my plate, sir, it you %ish blunder, but do not rob the
poor dJefenct lets seamen," instead uwritnig letters tu riquisL
that search might be mr.Je lor ceitalsin misairii armitlea ot his
1An0, as is nrioi-,itus he did. Nor can ignoranub he pleaded
in tiehallfof these geitlemen as it is matter wiliun the knuoa,-
lcdae uf the public, that many o.fthe English officers, Greneral
H-lysl.p included, have given marnifesialtlons of this respect
and gratitude to Batr.biidge years after their capture.
Sir Thnm.. 14Hmrald-~-d ^srAex7=;ms-r-WiJS "WV t,-
protbably to the amount ot several thousand pounds, includ-
itn, services of plate, &c., and who will or can believe that
the man who It such a prize .cape himn, would meanly rob
a seamar ,?
That es.ine of the English were plundered by certain law-
less fdlowo, in tranrsferrin!1 the efTects i.f the crew from one
ship to arnutl-rr, is highly pr..,.,blu ; such things are .Il uual
occurrence. But Mr. Alison will permit me to say, that, in-
stead of quoting me as authority for this accusation against
Bainbridge, he would have shown more knowledge of man-
kind, and greater liberality, had he imitated my own exam
pie, and forborne to allude to incidents of this every-day
character, whether applied to the seamen of this or any other
But to accuse Bainbridge, in person, of the act imputed to
him is surely bad enough of itself, without dragging in the
name of a countryman, in a way so equivocal as to make him
seem authority for it.
As for Mr. Alison's statements in general, so far as they
relate to the naval conflict between his own country and this,
they are such as to induce one familiar with the facts to
smile. I dare say he believes his own accounts to be true,
and it is pretty evident that he believes a great deal of that
which he has stated on the authority of Mr. James. I will
refer him two articles in the Democratic Review, (June and
May numbers, 1842,) written by myself, as containing some
of the objections I should urge against the credibility of that
very logical and truth-telling historian !

The article upon Spanish Affairs in the preced-
ing page is from the pen of a gentleman who ap-
parently aims at no concealment, though he does
not sign his proper name, and who has had unusual
opportunities el irn'ortinati n upon the sub]le,:t tliicli
he treats of. \We do not ilniuk it lipcepsary tlu make
any remark on vthai lie sias, -xce-pt to sa) in be-
half of our European correspottdent, tInt lie is un-
doubtedly as free as any man well can be from
being under an undue bias in fat or of any Euro-
pean Power-but il in favor of un3 one, certainly
not of Great Britain, if we judge front. his letlers-
and wears in bis bosom as purely an American heart
as any man that ever left his own shores lor those
of the Old World. Between his views and those
of the author of the article in to-day's paper, the
reader will judge for himself fromt the materials
which we have from time to time put hIim in pos-
session of.
WILLIAM B. KFNNEV, Esq., alto has hi.-i-i no-
minated as a candidate for (onritrets tr.,tn E- s'e,,
district, New Jersey, is Eilitor of tih Newatrk D)aily
Advertiser, a palt.r tlhat holds a high runk In the
journals of the country, aud liis very I te stpcriors

among its conienporarie,-;, beiig conducted ith
equal taste, talent, and decorum. It i graLtif) ing
to know that there is scarcely a doubt of Mr. KEN-
NEY'S election.

COL. R. M. JoHNsoN.-Tlhe Lexington (Ky.)
Gazette says : We learn that Col. JOHNSON will
leave for Staunton, Virginia, on the 16th instant,
to attend the Federal Court in that town. Front
thence he will proceed to Washington city, on bu-
siness. It is possible that he may afterwards visit
the New England States, from which he has re-
ceived numerous inVitalions. We are eratilied to
be able to inform lthe Colonel's distant Iriends that
his health is most excE Ilent."

FROM ST. DoMINc.o.-The schooner Topic, ar-
rived at New York, left St. Domingo on the 1st
instant. Captain Smith states that General ti-
VERE left St. Domino August 15th with 5,000
troops for Port au Prince, having been to all the
principal towns, appointing officers, and establish-
ing new laws. The people appear quiet and tran-
quil at present. Markets for all kids of Ameri-
can produce dull.


We have often ber-u sirurk, in caseps oI'f alleged
wrong or insolence to uur ellot-cittzcns in fori;ian
parts, with the vi iile prub.ailtryv thlit tlie supposed
supbrer was either sione diusord'rl i person, re-ar d-
ing little the laws of a-ny coinir. 'and ti i'It as likle-ly
to get into a quarrel with iiose of lis. own ; or tltit
he was one of those- iunabaited Ain.eri-'.ii-" n hii look
upon all the autithoritie' of other cunlit-. a; s,)
many itnstrumenit ol a gwlliigi [rranrit., t,_aihisl
which every f'iee-born sinn ul' Ir';et, a i pur., i
n lunaninious re-public-lhir i-rtor ul' d.'-iOl o ni .ill
itheiworld over-shuimiij et pr be r-adt Io trke up
arrns. Few men arte et-v-r in ith-' rnoiit', if ',o h. lar
their own slory only. iTh-re are- tUtli ca. % tt h lir-nr,
tlhele e prerend.-Jd national itiltiri are blitz,,icd andi
bru led about tilhere tli. op1,rr-l.--d naryv >i as reillyv
erw little betner lthain a pirii ,or slater artui.illh i'-
gayd in hi< favorite- crinme, anid niIn ittit-rruplL ,:d ini
it, rlaimrnin. ithli all Ilhe itdicniiion A'f a free adnd
virtuous citiz,-n, Iht' protection oi l'his otn tu i ntr*,
allvhose laws lie' uas violaiing as much as tliOsu of
lhtUauiln3-. In.itancps of'ltis sort have las we h.,ve

case to know) hit-n not itery lonug since brouthlt to
the tlenlion of our Governmenet.
Luclh xan.,les Li-i-r anon- othe-r titiinn it nell
as ir own. Friench s-iilurs are iolfieni vA:iiLli.r-oi,
a-' En2l.lih overbearint, ias rll a. Arnte-ri,:ait inl.ub-
orc nale. NiIne should be bl;ndlv listened tlt,, or
pu lie feeling t holly let looe, until the fits are
examined into and bol, 'ides heard.
the fullowing very iutt and senilile coinniinica-
riod? lakent front the Philadelphia In quirer, pares
us.uch that we inighit say upon this topic :
-- orgamrmonr tp the traveller than to observe,
itilss va~rip~ol nfres (ka't&Ie vieils, t bastrikingly errone-
autto.litons which prevail reipectIiri the laws, customs, and
national character of other Siaie--opinions ai pr.lfoidly Er
roneous as Ithy are .iir'n eit.-miiv-ly circilated, aid gene.-
rally the mori' full) cotiiirmr, -in ,r8,-,rtoi ad c-'Uhtirl, ar-
mutually igrirant jl (-ieach itlher. Th- aibitce ,..l'...rmt-m-itial
-,r poliiral relalioun, ririoLit,-i.c --I i uali-A,rin or 1'he ei-nlciLr i-
of any cause that is sufficient to estrange them from each
other, or keep them unacquainted with their respective insti-
tutioni, seems indeed to beget and confirm these prejudices.
Most individuals are too superficial, or too narrow to pene.
rate or comprehend the causes which lead to this diversity
of national complexion, and are wont to ridicule as absurd, or
to condemn as defective, all that differs from their standards
at home. And they forget, moreover, that if they were to
select for their residence any other climate or country they
would probably adopt, either from necessity or convenience,
the very usages that were once so apparently absurd. These
wseacres returning to their homes, gain all that credit which
is Ltrnerfllv accorded to the narrative of an eye-witness, and
.ftiftlse abrad upon the world, in their erroneous opinions, a
poison to which the remarks or writings of intelligent travel-
lers can ecartrly furnish an adequate antidote.
There is an.:.-ilher and a baser sort of rovers who esteem
themselves, in quitting their native States, enfranchised from
any accountability to law, and who, forgetting the sanctity
they claim for their own institutions, consider themselves so
fully masters of their own actions as to be justified in despis-
ing the authorities of a foreign land. Such creatures instant-
ly forlf itit the courtesy and respect which, among all man
kiad, are shown to strangers. To constitute oneself when
abroad a tribunal by which tojudge of the propriety of a cues-
tom or a law, is not only an act of measureless folly, but one
ofl downright trindccncy and insult. As Ing as we are a
stranatr we are tI) a rertain li:nil a gueS ; sn. wl.hl a uJest
would venlureupon ru.leitecb within the ma1inj,1 olfiii hi..'el t
Unhappily such ,tno-tmuicM are nol wlh. ut ifriqintrii .ocur-
rene, and we may instaelse irne whtibh .ccuroel in oubr
A yearur tw.a agn ( h..risv air the c.irintdii'ra'i n) a banl
of peramtulaing act.r vi.iied NMavii-2,jiez. P.-ri, Rc Thi
old theatre beingri t-ldurerd I... aohc, hv w,:re rgtjli.d1d 1t ersct
a temporary sut-otlluie iii the PI ii.-ia kndi .-i iiid' pr-i .au,--
and of surch a sIrl that e'rrv I.-er.-n in ithe tirt, il ii.y'
wihed t,, sitl down, wrre ,,t.hi, I, btri ir their -an soils
T rCaptain ol a m.'rchrt.nt ye-tel iat.pcrai.-ig tI. Fniti-r, teh, ld
a lat vacant aiid to- k pLois,.-l- tIf It. r,, unied ihi-t
it as owned by a faintly who r. qi-jil id he r-1.-1 itL-rtil lihe
-i te comf'ort'ily c ate,il. arnt irtlr-..i.i to gve.I it ,i
a further, being threatPined with a t. Ithe SiJlhOri
i stLated that he recogrioslt n.i) suih.rlty iuti tiha -,, eo it l:vn
C Isul. Aa wi s ewry iitiral and tr,.,prr, lie wvas prmpilv
a forcibly ejected, and, in, qim e ,te i.,f hi-, tilbulei.ce,
resat exageirarion anid Uin tHie ini diwl-er-ie' e..lrs, wrre
r ed about the Island-were rrep-,redl in f.irci,, a[.prs 5
n ormily in theI.ari of'ht St.,.iiil sat huloris anid the
Fr ch re-ideniA, ni-dle and ,i api eratJL tv th-' rntuor',
thr tened rn invoke r-Ire-' by iotreo- I arni-n. A.I whit
we he result 1 ThE Fri etch I -.,nuil G. rerl i .-fihec lai.,
nlead of suetainin! hits eaiite,,,,d ihbt' capsin itl h t
severe rpprooi, While an ani..l0gy 6. iimade t.-, ti,' .. S ni-rh
A New York paper in a recent number gives an article co-
pieJ Irom the Portland Argue, according to which two Aneri-
ran sailors were put under arrest at Matanzas, whose only
offeince npl-eared to be that they were quietly carrying home
some clnks belonging to certain ladies who had been enter-
airied upon the vessel I
It wi.uhl he difficult to ascertain the truth of this case with-
out m.ire light than is afforded Hy the above article-dictated
probably l.y the sailors themselves- and it is impossible to
believe it without imputing to the magistrates of this island
the special -lesire to annoy Americans. It is well known,
however, ltolt the majority of vessels touching at these ports
arry it ie American flag; and, without fear of contradiction,
wvi tefer it all American residents or captains trading with
the islands to state whether, in place of any thing like aver-
sion, the general sympathies of the people are not, on the
contrary, decidedly favorable to their countrymen 1 This,
ir,,Ir-n,, is so clearly the case, that the Spaniards always
".tccrte the important distinction between them and the
Having resided for six years on the Islands, and witnessed
an extensive intercourse between Americans and the native
authorities; and being familiar with the tones of national feel
ing existing between them, both in public and private, we
rao safely ss'-r l that the prejudice expressed in the above
arncle is iih.ut I.)undation. So far, indeed, from the Ame-
riarshbeing tr. asiil as that would lead us to believe, we have,
sn the iinrary, iten witnessed sailors fighting in public on
Surndy, resisting the officers, whose business it was to pre.
-terve; and we have a.particular acquaintance with one
of theuchief magistrates, who was for several days deprived of
th,- ute of an eye by a blow received in forcing them on
b.tsrd; yet, notwithstanding all this, I have never known an
American sailor to be imprisoned. On the contrary, they
are allv-aVe Irreued t, h, m-irk.,l un.lulj.'r,:e. Tht.' .ar, ni-h
aU hoantles, as well as ihe -F-..'-' a.-,,i rally, arc i.ia
inirterested in the ciiitnrer .,i uh,.- Sisit-ts at-as Ir it m ,.h Ir
conedt~ralluns, to tr-,It their riltiLres with ., v,-rii -r instill
In Ih0rt, if the SaStlsh larirtir, ni, weresc rlllatea d it thait
esienf'whiuh the itat and plrgmro.-r vi t,.mnmnrce fl" Ihe nni
couniltaes hai reudereil mieteoaeiv n, nt anrly wuiill ni-rl dls-
pules be avori,-d Wtllw i arise finm mutual mi.or.irratrltinilin.,,
bti' a natural friernlehip weiiilJ tie mre Iulhy cemented as Ithe
Spanish character were gori hally more hully aptreciatiel.
__________________F. A .
A B5PLE OU RIPUODATtR& -i Ve Irain from the Missis-
sippt p'leramthat a young man of rhe name of Brieu ias can
diiuatslar-.shsLegialaiureof ltltssslippl tfrom Warren county,
havisi been.fevited to become a carndrJile In an appetsl niade
to hjmpf ihirtv tw'i of his lell,:iw cit,,ns in a frnm-il Iert.'r
The slgfgersof this lcf-r aic r.t.uJliiors, lil ,ii th,:n,
have pretended I. bti h .hits. In Ibis letter Ihey c.n.tilain i-
the grievuus titles whithh mn.i' kLmet down Ihe itr-t,'-lr v rit ,li
ltale, and thiey Sii.y for Ihemln.yves it-,si the isIuo if tn, lcld,
will ueenllre-ly rijinlis lt t lirn. Tht i:,,rr( [.oiienlte'.n .
publlhed, arird the repdiautg Ire, ; ,r iiie iotlia, iallv ro sdil a
sh'Ult ever wb'h tIhey ciinsidered a tsv.ari,] I stjl_'1 itt .-ne itf
Ihe sutrocbeat WVhi,_ Cu'u, Una in tih Stlale. Tht rd:[..Udaltor
who signed Ihe call oti Mr. Brir, wrre prir..unc. I uhe
"t heaviest in ,u Wcrre-n.' and riallt iti eid
tl,ulrois complcinus -,ne ruIght r,- idil' lihv- lie-lieu, il. Biiu
in-e editor'" ilc Vl kiltir, VaL' hu, et- rio a nitlti:r ,i ';cl
srl -)f mill, arud ralhtr inetdi ul,,iu, witilhI, Io,,k I1l, pairn' i-
injuire inlto the amount burldiin l.,riihe v tt,ei i min. H."

rel,.,ras that .I thirt -lwo estiri)cr.t thvIe Irct r, r fi tI Itii m
are tizseil from fifty to eighty cents a year each, while eight
pay le\s than /oe dollars each, none pay as much as THIRTY
dollars and only four of the entire thirty-two are assessed for
r-are than ten! If ti're is any incr.a'se in the rate oftaxa-
tion to pay the bond, Ithee men will be ruined, that's clear.
[ :', inmore Patriot.

A DRisADFLi. DUD.-We a day or tw,, ago gave a brief
arcnoutl ot an acitdtiri on the Bi-ion and Portland Railroad,
which resulted in the dð :.Il Mr Ho-a.' ADAMS, the en-
unieer elf Ihe train tI,) whiich Ii oci-'ried, arn. some injury to
uwo or three of the pas-ener--. Trie Prilxnd Bulletin of
Thursdave cornins furtnher |uarticulirs. It appears that the
enud of one- of the ratil had been pried up a foot or eighteen
in-he5, ard several sticks of w.,...d thrown ,n the track, for
Ihe purpose ofentaurin a cataiir..phc. The bag-
gage cars and the- ssl.on .f the first paasepger car, in which
were six or eight pe-raens, were shiuered ain pieces. One lady
in the latter, Ite wile lt Col. TytLER, ..f Br.wnfield, was se-, and another, hose name is nr..i mentioned, slightly
irjured. The preservation of the ocrupl-Irls of the first sa-
loon was most ezlraordinaivty, as it wa" much broken up. A
child nineteen months old. wlie.-h wai sleeping there, did not
wake during all the horrid ronlurii.-ri, and an paassed thrui',
the window, sleeping s calmly as II reposng on its .othti'a
bos..m. Mr. Adams resided in P.-riland, anil bore an excel-
lent character. He was married about a year since, and has
left a young widow, with a babe in her arms, to lament his
loss.- Piitiadelphita Inquirer.


The following is as satisfactory an account as
any we have seen of the election lately held for
the choice of Governor, members of thle State Le-
gislature, and Representatives to Congress in the
State of Maine:
Tra ELECTION on Monday last presents a curious medley
--f results. The vote almost every where is a diminished one
,rom last year, and falls a great way behind the election of
1841. With the exception of few towns the Whigs have
been under the perfect command of Gen. APATHY, as if they
had not much concern in the election themselves, but were
Looking on as mere spectators. The Locofocos have been
;adly split up, the masses having refused any longer to fol-
l)w in the harness of the old log-rolling party leaders, and
have set up for themselves. Had the ball-rollers com-
menced their operations six weeks ago, and had possessed
any paper as the organ of their sentiments they would have
doubled the vote for Mr. KAVANAou. As it is now, without
any concert, and with only a few weeks to operate in, they
have probably thrown about as many votes for KAVANAGH as
the third party has obtained for APPLETON, after laboring
with great zeal for three or four years. This third party has
I.een most indefatigable through the whole year, by lecturing
and preaching and circulating tracts. Half as great efforts
on the part of the Whigs would have given us two thousand
majority in this county for the entire Whig ticket.
As it is, our ticket for Senators is elected, and we believe
also the entire county ticket.
We suppose there is no choice for Representative to Con-
reass in this district, and none probably in Waldo and So-
merset; none in the 7th district. In the 1st, we had sup-
posed Mr. HEaRICK would be elected, though this is disput-
ed ; in the 2d Mr. DUNSLAP is elected, both Locos. In the
4th CHARLES ANniI:we is elected, it any one. It is shame-
ful, cuiteiderung all the circumstances, that the Whigs of
Lincoln hane not thrown a heavier vote for FREEMAN H.
lMirt. E, whom they might have elected very easily, with a
little effort.
Among all ithc-ie return aw6 ran ioinl It our Own town .I
Augusta with .ride and (tull,)ii l,l n. !umr Vhi'- frierds
liere did their whole duty. The result here shows what
i.ould have been done elsewhere with a little waking up, and
is a precursor of what may be done another year. This, we
believe, is the universal sentiment of the Whigs of Maine,
and the Whigs of the whole country, when the great nation-
al campaign comes on.
Probably not more than half the Representatives of the
House are elected. In the Senate the Locos will no doubt
have a majority. If Mr. ANDEsosN is not elected Governor
-and probably he is not-there will be something more than
the usual interest in filling up the vacancies in the House.

Horses should never be put to severe work on a full ston,-
ach. More horses are hurt by hard driving after a full feed
than by a full feed after hard driving.
If the farmer wishes to have his pork barrel and meal chest
hold out let him look well to his kitchen garden, Plenty of
vegetables conduce not more to health than to profit.
In laying in a stock of winter fodder for animals, let it not
be forgotten that a little too much is just enough. Starving
animals at any time is miserable policy.
As you treat your land so it will treat you. Feed it with
manures liberally and it will yield you bread bountifully.
Avoid debt as you would the leprosy. If you are ever
teiliil.ied o i.urchoe on credit put it off for three days. You
netil ine f,,ir rreitciion.
Neicr lbg fruit ,r any thing else you can produce by the
ei.I-Tllitiure uI a little time or It is as reasonable to
tireli a tisi I.. 1ste away the pr -.duce of his wheat field as
of hij orchard .r iruit garden.
Thre man wh.. u-es good seed, has a good soil, and works
it ii a g. -:.d .eason, rarely fails of having a good crop to re-
%,aid his tidl.
Nceer linitS yiyur word. The saying it in truth of any
farin-r hi- w,,rJ It as good as his bond," is worth more to
hin thian l he irnlerest of ten thousand dollars annually.
[Albany Cultivator.

The ftlie- il ihe shipping at the port of Philadelphia were
s-lptelidlt ad hhill-niilt ,in -uiid,]iy, il itteSect for ithe mrmory
.If Cnpa,. Jitui W ir-r, one l lie I- ldet- alinmastetrs inL th,-
'ciy, ii,, dcuti-ery rulden..ii.e dayy prevu. t(tIn Satlur
day moriuing he ape.tird it.j be in th e-ti.j.'ment tit oo.,i
heal hh; but at n..n, as he wvas i entering his dwelling in
-,uhearkl., hi- suddenly fell ded across the threshold.
Dui-uini-.a Ion.n lil-, many years of which were devoted to the
ur.i.i ,,fi hir ..rtsion, he obtained and commanded a high
-tipItL sis iiiiigrity and moral worth.

xC-,DgLNr.-Whilst the oration was being pronounced at
the Odd Fellows' celebration in Howard's Park to-day, the
platform on which the speaker stood suddenly gave way and
fell to the ground, a distance of four or five feet. A large
number of persons, consisting of the principal officers, music
clans, and several ladies, were on the scaffolding at the time,
all of whom were precipitated to the earth. The scene was
a very frightful one, and for a short time produced considera-
ble sensation. We are glad to learn, however, that no one
was very seriously injured, though several received bruises.
A member of Mr. Roundtree's band, whose name we did not
learn, was bruised severely, from the pressureof others falling
on him.-Patriot.
DESTRUCTIVE FIRE IN BosToN.-On Thursday last a fire
broke out in a machine shop, in Harrison avenue, Boston,
and before it was extinguished nearly twenty buildings, most-
ly of wood, were destroyed. About one-third of the whole
amount of property lost is covered by insurance.

Mr. HACKETT, the actor, is, it is said, about to abandon the
stage, and re-engage in mercantile pursuits in New York.

MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT.-We regret to have it to record
that Mr. RICHARD FEDDEMAN met with an accident yesterday
morning which is expected to terminate his life. He left the
residence of the late i'hos. C. Earle, (where his grandfather,
Judge Earle, now resides,) early in the morning, in a gig, to
go to his home, which is at the adjoining farm known as the
" Silk Farm." Not long after the horse and gig were found
at his residence, uninjured ; when search was made for him,
and he was found wandering about the field perfectly insen-
sile and speechless. There are two gates in the way, both
of which he had opened. There are no serious external inju
ries, but Dr. BoRntY pronounces the case entirely hopeless. No
one knows how he was injured. This is the third time within
two years that this young gentleman has met with accidents
which were in each previous case near ending his life; first
from the kick of a horse, second from shooting himself; and
now in the manner above described. He is known as an
amiable and exemplary young man, and his many misfor-
tunes excite deep regret among his numerous friends.-
Queen Ann's (Md.) Telescope.

BOTTOMLESS LAKES.-Near the summit of a mountain to
Portugal, in the i.r ivnce ut Beira, it sititated Ihe Lake E'u-
ra-the waters of which are oi a dsuls greenish hue. At-
'lighi, no fishes hiant' been ever .ten ir. this like-, yet Ite
tjueilly fragments of tiiup., rueb as isrekno masts, spars, &c,,
have been tound floating on it, though inland, as is its posi-
tion. This circumstance has very naturally led to the belief
that it communicates with the ocean by some subterraneous
passage-a belief which has been still further strengthened
from the fact that the face of the lake becomes either rough
or smooth as the ocean is found to be agitated or calm ; and
also that, during stormy weather, it produces a rumbling
noise which may be heard at a distance of six or eight miles.
It is a notorious fact that, to the present day, though fre-
quently tried by the curious, its bottom har not been disco-
vered. At a short distance from Rosinere, in Swilzerland, a
remarkable spring is known to arise from the centre of a na-
tural basin of more than thirteen square feet in its area. Of
the power which operates on it we may form some conception

when it is known to force, with much violence, a column of
water of eighteen feet circular far above its surface. Although
tried by the most ini_, ,ni-i. and persevering virtuosoes in na-
tural philosophy, ii d ith uhas not been yet ascertained; thus
leaving to conjecture the only plausible conclusion that this
spring is the outlet of some accumulating subterraneous lake
which has no other issue for its waters.-N. Y. Sun.

HEAVY MEN -The largest person ever known in Ireland,
with perhaps the exception of Philip Macoule, the celebrat-
ed Irish giant, was Roger Byrne, who resided in Ossory, and
was buried on the 13th f May, 1787, in the churchyard of
Rosennallis, in Queen's county. The coffin and its contents
weighed five hunudrEl asd iev er.iy el._tiJI pouri. It was
borne on a very lorg tier by Ihirty cri-rni me,, who were re-
lieved at intervals. Ioaer Byrrne died -Iu n other disease
than suffocation, iocra'ioned ty a taupersabundance of fat,
which stopped the play t Ic, lungs, ai l .i-t a pcri.d to his
life in the fifty-fourth year of his age. He was one hundred
pounds heavier than the noted B.ight, .f Maiden, in Eng-
land, who weighed four hundred and sixty pounds-and
within the circumference of whose waistcoat seven of the
largest men in that town could I.- .nr hised vwithu conuelratini,
and oue huodrtd anti (ighilv p.iundo lii'hlsr thirn D ,iirl Lam-
b, ri, vihtii dei n ItNO, atd wwetgtiil .eovn hundft.J laid ihiTy-
rileif, [,,,unda I
We b hieee that thle heaviest man ever known in New
Enlsnarid was CILtz ToWLE, an industrious, wealthy, and
reepcth.Il- ciiz-ito of Centre Harbor, New Hampshire, who
died in 18i22 ,fr.m an iextra.rdirinty increase of flesh. Though
short of five leen len inches tiuh, he weighed fte hundred
and fifteen pounds!- Butuon Jaur nat.


The Boston Transcript publishes the following
extract from a private letter received by a gentle-,
man in Boston, dated
"During the last month there was an insurrection at thief f
place, caused principally by one of the old Catholic Priestes,
who altered his belief, and began to preach in Manilla city,
but was soon banished from that place under penalty of death
should he enter it again. Thence he went to the native vil-.
lages, where there was quartered a regiment of soldiers, and[
began to preach, and soon obtained many followers. That
Governor of Manilla forthwith sent a regiment to destroy th1
town and people. (This regiment was composed mostly of
soldiers draughted from this city.) The moment they arrived
they turned to and killed all their officers, and, with the as-.
sistance of the old Priest's followers, marched i, Manila,
and during the night scaled the walls of one of the Ivruest
forts, secured all that were in it, and then blew up one end of
it. After that they proceeded to the magazine, which had.
but one entrance, and that was secured by seven iron doors.
They succeeded in forcing three of them, when, much to
their surprise, the fort was retaken by the Governor's troops
who marched into the fort, and, after a little skirmishing5
took them all prisoners. A few days since sixty-two of therm
were shot and forty-eight strangled to death.
Last Saturday there was a tremendous fire at this place'
which consumed about two thousand buildings, and came
near destroying the whole city. It is painful to go on shore
and see the people-some have lost their children and some
their parents by the flames. You cannot go ten paces
amongst the ruins without coming in contact with a corpse."

EARLY FRONT.-There have been several frosts in, Nw
York and Connecticut. A gentleman from Windham, ins
the latter State, says that the frost on Thursday iighi wan
severe, and apparently killed pumpkin vines, beans, and all
the smaller vegetables.

-- --- --- -WElATI1. .
In this city. on Saturday morning, the 16th instant, Mrs.
NANCY CRANCH, aged 71 years, wife of Judge
CrINCH and nn Sunday m-rnirnge, the 17th inslait, her bro-
ther, JAMES GREENLEAF, Esq. aged "N.
On the 3d instant, at the residence of his father, JoHi7P.
EawisN, Esq., near Nashville, (Tenn.) his only son and
namesake, JOHN P. ERWIN, Jr., in the 26th year of
his age.

SMr. John Douglass Bemo, son of the late prin-
cipal chief of the Seminole Indians, will speak this evening, at
half past seven o'clock, in the Rev. Mr. Cook's church on 15th.
street, between I and K streets. A collection will be taken up
for the benefit of the church, sept 20
jI NOTICE.-A meeting of the Committees recently ap-
pointed by the different Military and Fire C,.mrpnies wiIl t- he Id,
in the hall of the Franklin Engine-house or, Wcdnesa.ay evening,
the 20th instant, at o'clock. rep I';-M& W
opened this (Wednesday) morning 4 cartons of new and
elegant Prench Worked Collars. The ladies are invited to call
and examine them early, as there are but few of them.
sept 20-2tif I Globe and Alex. Gaz ] D CLAGETT.
f TO LET, if applied for soon, one good two-story
and one three-story Brick House, both advantageously
situated, the one in the Second and the other in the Third
Ward, well calculated for private residences or for boarding-
houses, at a reasonable rent.
sept 20-3t JOHN P. VAN NESS.
SFOR RENT, four newBriek Houses, conveniently
and handsomely finished, each containing nine rooms,
with good back buildings for fuel, &e., .leuhtiltiy situ-
ated on 9th street, between New York avenue an.- L &,re-i, re-.
cently erected by Colonel William Doughty. For particulars,
apply to A. P. SKINNEB, Agenit,
On Louisiana avenue, west of the Centre Market,
sept 20-eo2w between 9th and 10ih streets.
NFORMATION WANTED.-Th( u[,,i..J-i,!Vkl.L.,mr,e
twelve or thirteen years ago, while yet a ti'.v, li liii dlther's
family, and, not having been settled as to a permanent residence
since that time,neglected keeping up a regular correspondence with
them, consequently knows nothing of their Fresent whereabouts.
When he left them they were living near Lachine, in Canrida.
The family then consisted of his parents, James and Marv M.-
(lernin, and of his three sisters, Margaret, (or PeIyy, I,
and Mary. Any information concerning them will L.e mo-re hitam
thankfully received by the son and the brother,, who is anxious to
return and once more take his place in that circle where is to be
found the greatest share of worldly happiness.
sep 20-7t Milledgeville, Georgia, Sep. 16, 1843.
SEW t'ARPETINGR, KU(--, DiiN-IR-M %T., Ac.
S I have jlust rece-ive.l Irom the Nortlli my .p-ly uf Car-
lelings, aI1,- woUld call the attention of1 p,.rsone wi grl 10 pun-
,:t,,.e iton y stock, which is. as usual, lr_,ge- md 'l.. -.'.v .
1hBse- is
3'1 sets Brussels Cacpceing, in new patterns
10 pieces 3-ply do superior quality
100 do super double Ingrain
20 do low- priced and medium quality do
3 sets double twilled Venetian
3 do single do
3 do plain Venetian
6 pieces very low priced do
20 do Thread Carpeting, very stout
20 do Cotton Carpeting
10 superior Tuft Rugs
100 medium do
20 low-priced do
100 Door-Mats, tuft
100 hem-Rugs
All of which I will sell low for cash, or to my punctual cus.
towers ; and as I purchased more largely in the east line than
any house in the District, I can and will sell lower than they can
be bought for elsewhere.
sept 20-3tif [Globe&AlexGaz-2tif] D. CLAGETT

0El GOODS.-I have just received-
L 5 dozen Net Woollen Cloaks for children, all colors
5 do do Imperial Coats do do
6 do do Dresses do do
I do do Spencers do white
6 do do Hoods do do
Which I will sell very low.
sept 20-2tif [Globe] D. CLAGB'

SOTICE.-I forewarn all persona from trusting any person
or persons on my account, as I will pay no debts of their
Sept 20-3t JNO. H. CLARVOE.
ADVERTISEMENT.-A teacher of academic learning
wishes to obtain, as soon as practicable, a situ tion in some
healthy and pleasant village or country place in an academy,
high school, select school, or some very promising primary school.
The advertiser woeald be willing, if the situation -."t re.ili 1i..-
mising, to commence with a comparatively small .. irv. t",i ,n-
formation respecting ability, character, &c. inquiry. ptrstLi. jill .ir
by letters, postpaid, of the following gentlemen ol il ,1 -., ,-..
Messrs. Armstrong & Berry, 134 Baltimore street, and the Rey,
Dr. F. Waters at Franklin, or direct a letter postpaid to
WM. S. DIX, Princess Anne,
eep 20-3t Somerset county, Md.
avenue, In Washington cIlty.-On Monday next, the 25th
instant, at twelve o'clock, (noon,) I shall sell in front of the pre-
mises, under the authority of a decree of the Circuit Court oftha
District of Columbia for the County of Washington, passed in
the case of Juliana Williamson and others vs. George W. Wil-
liamson sad others, for the sale of the real estate of David Wil-
iiamson, deceale,, fir division among h-s devises, tlit v- ry val-
-it-le piece ofl property ou 13th street west, now ,rccu. ,ij L y
Cat. Win. Thomas as a hotel, and known asI lotn No. 6 rn.i 7, in
sq.jare No. '-91, c,,roer of 13%h and E streits. The gioand
lr.,)ta .0t',eL .L v-44h street weet, t-y 128 fel on E sireel north,
upon which Ihere are two very go.d iwo-setory t-no ihL-bsse,
..ih enienve back hullding I, tables, &- i f.uoing a mout t-
aellent establishment, and is in a very fine locui:'n fmr a go-.d
hotel. It affords a fine opportunity r iLthe rr.-fitaL.le inc-sisntat.
of money.
Terms of sale : One-fifth of the purchase money in cash, and
the residue in equal payments of six and twelve months, with
interest from the day of sale. The purchaser's bonds will be
taken for the residue, with a deed of trust at his cost. And a
conveyance will be executed by the trustee on the final ratifica-
tion of the sale and full payment of the purchase money, also at
the purchaser's expense. If the terms of sale be not complied
with in one week from the day of sale, the property will be resold
on one week's notice, by advertisement, at the purchaser's risk.
sep 20-disif Auctioneers.
RIVATE TUTOR WANTED, to take charge of the
education of four children of the ages of from six to thir-
teen years. He must be fully competent to instruct them in all
the branches of an English and classical education, embracing
Frensh. To one thus qualified, with recommendations of an un-
questionable character, (and none other need apply,) a desirable
situation is opened, where, if he were disposed to study law, he
would have the use of my library and ample time to pursue his
studies. The course of instruction must be liberal, and calculat-
ed to prepare the beys for entrance into a college of the highest
grade. W.
Let's r. m1iLt he post paid. sept 7-latsw3wif
N EllEGANT I .aKRIAGE Oi HAC K wil besold
at leec ie in itlalf-price, as the owner has no iae f.jr it. It
has been used very little, and Is in through repair. For partic-
ilar, aoppi lio Dr. A. Speer. sa-uhesalst rou, first itor, n the
Si-t Depirimnerni. or, aiter rffi -e ours, al the Bcirding-h i-uAe of
Mi., ChistIm, 4ij ssei, east side, tihirld dour north .f Pennsyl-
lvi.t a.. septl 14-.3w

Stle This Day.

.Th;i evn;n5, at 4 o'clock P. M.. we shall "ell, in froni of
our A.'-Liit Sltore,'a variety of Escelicnt Household Purniture,
amor-Riti wiceh are-
M.ih.-gan, Siteboard, mabi--gany dining and other Tables
Bursaus. Chairs, Wsrdrobes
Bedsteads, Hedi, Bsdding, Crockery and Glassware
t'"rUple, Cur'lanins, Clorek, &c.
With many .ihier srnicles, belonging to a person decliniag
houseklieeping. Terms, cash. vs. .. .

sep 20-It





w . ... .... .... ..' ..



Mess'rs. GALse & SECTON : Is East Florida healthy I This
is the question under di.rcu.ion It is not whether the coun-
try is more healthy than the' Southwestern division" of the
United States, the miasmatic districts of Maryland and Vir-
ginia," ur the coasts of Carolina and Georgia; but is the
great salubrity of thi Alirnate rincoonir.v, itily established," as
is soa positively asivrted by A Physician'I"
In my lastal number bthe reports of th,' Suraeon Generial were
examined, and the data on which" A Physacian" evidently re-
lies for support werecatefully comp.iredl with he other portions
of hia repoiLts, and with themdi cal statistics of the whole army
and of the troops serving in Florida. It was shitwn that, from
June, 1U36, to the end of lthe year. ire ,iiuml'-.r rioniantly sick
in one thousand men varied from '213 tu :i36; and that, from
June to the end ,f Sept-tmL,-t, 1l3. the r umber constantly
sick varied from *254 to :161 per ili.uaril. It was also shown
that in September, IS37, thenumba r con-ia','ly sick per thou-
sand during the month was 361, or cin-i.Jerubly more than
one-thnd ofthe whole Flourida army Ii wad 4hown, too, that
the average number consaT.tlv sick during the first three
years of the war t, 1836, 1837, 'l3e, the lavt being the most
healthy of seven year.) varied from 143 i 361 per thousand,
and that the general average was I_-1, whilst the most sickly
'command in the Britnllsh West Indirs ha. only an average of
.'7 per thousand constantly sick. It was also shown that the
number of cases of disease tn thy Flurida army i,, 1641
amounted to443 per cnitum of the mean strength; c..iisEquei.l-
ly every man must have been sick fiur times, and i.early half
ithe army die times during the year. Finally, ii was shown
that the mortality of the troops in Flurida in It'41 amounted
to I in Li. oflhe mean strength.
In the preceding communication was iti.erted a table in re-
laion to the sickness and mortality of the troops irJ Fl.-rid
and of the whole army fur 1.S4 I, baaeIl oa the Surgeon Gene-
rIl'a report, and it seems desirable to et.end tJis able a little
,, her as fimllnws

P-,,nci uf j

Whote ar t j.;4 1 ia

%Vbiil army
exeluasive of
flor ida -

4.'36 21.-27
45,010'J 1,.
6,10 I rSi3'

,.) l,,'i 3in".

41 to 1, or
443 per et.

r1 ..r i
a],I-u tn

=l= .
i 2-. a ,i

4, or iin t in 991
25 1-5
5}, or I tin 821
in 181i
21, ort I1 in 1311
in 371

It appears from the above table that in 1841 the number of
cases 1i1 the whole army in proportion to the number of men
in -ervice is 396 per cent., and in Florida 443 per cent. Ex-
cluding FloriJd, the deaths amount to only 133, a ratio of 2
per cent., or I in 371 of tihe mean strength, whilst the mor-
tality in Florida is 51 per cent., or 1 in 181, increasing the
mortality of the whole army from 2 to 4 per cent, or from 37j
to I in'V I 5 Of uelllimenin seruva:-. Theabove table also shows
that ihe prujortLurn ot drts lou the number of cases treated,
in the whole army, e icluaiue ol Florida, is 1 in 1311; includ-
ing Florida the morltaliv is augmented to 1 in 991.
It is not to be fi,,rgtten that the unbrid'hy Southwestern
portion of our army is included in the foreauing table, and yet
the naiortality is I in 1311 t, I in A01 of the cases treated-a
difference of almost one paper cent. ; ac.t the number of deaths
in proportion to the mean strength is I in 37, in Ihe army to
1 in 18l in Flurida. In other words, the m.jrtialny in Florida
for Ihe year is more than double the rest ofthe army, Includ-
ing Ihe Southwestern division, in prop.irtiuon to ith number ul
men in service.
Yet, in the face of all these facts, A Physician," witb inr-
imitable sang frnid, asserts that the great salubrity of thi,
climate is incontrovertibly established."
In recapitulating these facts, it may be well I., remark that
during the whole war the main b-dy of the tn'opi i-tie- in
East Florida, and iheref,,re Ilie niedichal statnistics ofthie whole
of Florida may be fairly taken as a true ataltmeuti oflhi
health or the troops in this part of the T.'lrritory. In Ir1 I thi
was particularly the case, a very large port- -n ui the Finrdai.
army being entirely c.,nifinedl to the peuICIulni
The Lollowing table show Ithe ratio of mortality among the
Irtoups of different countries:
Prussian army 1.1 per rCt mIII

Northwestern stations, (United Sitstei *) 3 "3
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick I 4 "
New S.-uth Wales 1.4 "
Canada 1.5 "
British troops, home stations 1.7 ,
Cape of Good Hope 1.8 "
Notilhern and Eastern stations, (U. States) 2. "
SFrench army, home stations 2
Gibraltar 1 "
lonian Islands 2.4
Bombay 3.3 i
Mauritius 3.5 "
Newfoundland 3.8 '
United States, (from all causes) 4.4 "
Ceylon 4.8 "
East Florida 5.. .1 "1
Madras 5.2 "
Bengal 5.7 "
Southwestern stations, (United States) 6. "
Florida, four first years of the war, (from all
causes) 6.1 "
West Indies 9.5 "
The ratio of mortality for East Florida in the above able
is 5 1 per cent., being the ratio of the Second Dragoons,
which served nearly altogether in East Florida," and ie
considered a fair ratio for this part of the Territory. The ratio
for the southwestern stations (6 per cent.) is 3 lOths more
than that of the Seventh Infantry (5.7) for ten years, which
was stationed at Forts Gibson, Jesup, Towson, Smith, &c.,
and continued on the southwestern frontier."' It is made
equal to the mortality of the Second Artillery from 1829 to
1835 inclusive, which was stationed on the seaboard from
Charleston to New Orleans, and at Fort Mitchell and Au-
giiu-la Arseumal, in 1836-'37 serving in Flttla, and in
lr438 .aaieid to the Cherokee nation."
Thri il appears that the ratio of mortality for East Florida,
allowing for slight inaccuracies, is not far from 5 per cent,
and the mortality in all Florida, from all causes, for the
t 11 four first years of the war," is 6.1 per cent. Yet, notwith-
standing all these facts, '1 A Physician" asserts that the
proportion of deaths which occurred in the Florida army
(including those who were killed in battle) during the four
Sdiul ve-ra of the war, (the most mortal period,) was but
Sas one to two, compared with those of the southwestern
division of our army, in which the troops were stationed
in, comfortable quarters."
If, then, as asserted by A Pt.ysician," hihn number nl
deaths in the southwestern dision is Ita 1ro one compared
nth thi ose j ol Florida, im tall cituesa., during the fo)r first
yt rs .-I the war," they will amount to 1'2Q per cent., a
gri-taIt mortality by 27 per cent. than at the unhealuby
tuei.,.. *I the VWest IindiFs. This cae, ntver bh preiLtidtd.
U.hi, al by ri- the siuiliwtt has always been, the mortality
iJ, ntevui approached so high a ratio. Even at Fort Gibson,
ihe im..ut insalubrinoui post now permanently occupied," the
morialty from all causes is not more than 6.5 per cent., and
the in.rialily of the whole southwestern department of the
army for ten years, from all causes, cannot be more than 6
per cent. Indeed it may be doubted if the ratio of deaths
cates be L',irlv made more than 5.1 per cent : but let it remain
as it stands in the tt 1, 6 per cent.
Can A Physician" make good his assertion that the
proportions of deaths which occurred in the Florida army,
t Irom all causes, during the first four years of the war was
Sas about one to two, compared with those of the south-
Swestern dimanon uof the army'?" Is this important fact
proved by the tiatintics in the Surgeon General's Office'?"
The ratio of moitality in East Florida (5.1) is, as already
slated, that of the St.-nJ Dragoons, which regiment served
almost entirely in the peninsula. It may be stated too high,
though the mortality In lV- I was as high as 51 percent, but
the ratio during the whole war will not prove the country
eslubti.ius, especially wh.n the numerous cases of disease
incident to the climate and the broken down state of the
troops at the close ulf every sickly season Sr, taken into con-
Nor dues it appesr from the freg.-iitg lutle that any part
of Florida, compared with other counlrits, us aiy ealuo.trnuu..
Qulie the cmontrary. In Ihe scale of mortality East PFl.nrida
is seen io be less healthy than Butibay, Miaurnnus, or Uty
Ion, and but little mrie sao than Madras and Bengal. It ousy
be said in reply that the wh-le United Siaies, aneording to
the army statistics, exhibit a higher raijo than either B-.r.
bay or Mauritius. Granted, and iI is caused by tbe huih
mortality ':f the southern stations ; and the United Staties
troops have always been pioneers it the new settlements. If
this were the proper place, many reassins miahl be aaaigtned
for the high ratio of mortality in the whule army.

Having now passed in review the statistics of Florida, A SCENE AT DUMBARTON, (Sd
c,.,par.l -,| w ith ibf s of ihe U n eild S ,at e, a m l othe r ca ,.:in- F~uM ]r W rrD' L rT rE s.
tries, it is sub n ,. ..... I V ,, i L..r tht 1 ,,, nrb,.r of deaths i s Dus tai ,,1. ih, -, s c. r. r ch s that ,om w b ch
but one to two, L.,i4.[i -0 ,i the southwestern divisi .,. i S,r m-i.|I, i, ..t ,rItw huia ri-s crpasf uofl the Antilluary.
has been btfure s i, i; f a... rdnI-.. this assertion it' "A Pic.a.,!, ra ,r Lmonud take coach here over.,'- the
PhViasii the ; of the southwestern division would Lake, mahlch it five males ldisani Tthe quiet town Dum-
amountto 12 2 pr e. nrt. No one will pretend this to b. th. tIrmn was invaded this morning with an unusual 0 umber
Sfact-the table speaks for itself. l vitrrs, Ito saV nothing of doga, luggage, &r. Exia cn-
faet- bathe table speaks for i itself. ,evarc.cs had to be provided. Thi. created delay The
Can it be said that Easi F.trida us salubrious Thi, ques- .. IFtuIhar on sin s," as well as the "Coach fur. L h Ln-
tion is to be yet morn fully iniscaseird : and now let us pass mo,,nl rejoiced in Mrs Currie'" s tmr.prietros. There
to the examination of particular p-.stl. ,ss a aenrl. man with us who, wilh le s perhaps of -aitural
Before proceeding, however to the consideration ofihc d11 h.,sr11i uY womankind" than Moi.kbrns, maeIlle d. the
ferent stations in East Florida, a few remarks will be ,aJt same L uy imi tieuce tat chat arcterz," d the Antique P' c-dI-
ot I.,jv wih Mrs. Macleuctlar," whibse placard asstad the
on the manner of p.lihi. the worlthe ia le ahe facts itn ri- public that her c.uach for -Queen's Ferry" left Edinl-mr.;uvh
tion to the climate arn. he-al, h ., Florida. In rn,.I cae Ih pr,,inpilyv at 9 ...'clock. Tias genil'manai frl mild urge id
writer is content with a aW,.ittn declaration in regar.I to i. bhe Mrs. Curmt. t.-i haten the departure of the rcoact which
salubrity of the climate; but if he attempt statistics ,f a she sad wild be r.,und to the stand in no time' Ali.r
station or district, he dismisses the subject with a rtmark wavina a f-w munutea the rang the bell furiously, arn whet
tiveon r dstixot, h of th e huned sity (ac Ialy ma e her appearance the gienitleman poiAldi to Ithe
that "five or eix out of three hundred and sixty ( rase. I (I., i th[ % the rernark that she had kept him ltw-rely mn-
suppose) died ;" that "the mortality can be satil -icthrily utsp r,, I,,I,, andi that if he lost mtie leasmer by hel nieans
explained without aLirii.utiiug it to the influence of Iht hli whmId not pay her ., baure f or th.- crnach. She riteraird
Climatee" that ",the diseases of the posts refecredIt'ante haeINe-urance thst the coach would bi, r.mund to the ,)oit by
climate" that the di es f the posts referred u ne heeneancouldetdown s.
generally of the mildest character;" that "it is one of t the tired t I her on diomenion The genle'an hasItned l l.o
I habits of intermittent fever to return," &c. the d...,r and waited fir a few mo nutes, when, there baing no
If an attempt at statistics is seriously made, the mortality riun ..f the tnarh, he returned t. the itiling-room, anf again
per cent. of the whole number of cases alone is given : the' ari the bell WVhen hirs. Curten." appeared, heIjeileil
mean strength, number of cases of sickness, and nu,.t.-or ,f hra wrrh a rolley of imprecalions, an I, while tireateing her
wilh paina so d penalties fr interruptrg hi dtusil tI tihe
deaths not being noticed, Will-,ut these data no ..-tinu r i Trosisahs, the coarchmiani's born aimosinced that till was
form any idea of the sickness at many of the stations luring rightt" and the landlady marshalled her excited poti to10
the existence of Indian hostilities; and even with them L-but thih door. But here an unexpected delay ,ccurredi The
. flint c.nriception can be had of the sufferings which u1 has ,.istv -entlemai,-' son was missing I It was now:" Mr.
*Cnirrnie* m ,im en' el Irutophi and revenge I ''Phi coach
been Ihe lot of many a poor fallow to experience. 'aCrra wie t mr h ns o'er late et But I cannt leave
Momh is said about places and districts of country teing my I t 11 I h na my fault that your daft sn is na here."
healthy or otherwise; but there is nothing more difficuli to Wait but a moment. Run after my -on, boy; yr.u 'alI get
dtine, accorJring ti the common use of the term, tian imhe a p,.rny f,,r im." Will you eel in'il the coacts, .ir, 4r shall
11 i . F n irmpl t~ l B- I d.'Bpa'ch it w ashout you 1 T h['e Emperor' will be bllIt way
wurd /uea/thy It means, in our country of extremes and va-. I paLchI Without youe he Emperor' wil be f Eay
riable itemrarratre, almost any Ihing and there is no p1-ce u theLnh befo re it gets tahe re, and gentle yo a. i s
tiY 'their visit to the Trossache" I entreatjou=71 1r1.
in the UnitUed Sia'es lIut ifs pruniimuI'edl hi-allt by tihu.e in minute, iMrs. Corrie.r" Awe' wi your -j C ti
tereatle tu hae iI t ,o. but some other landlard than the @but a moment aince yeu eremisca'i" weaicon'.'FIlT
caprice n ithoie who chance to give an opinion a nicesa:v. tutl t is no tl easering bean I t hdUtht ld b aa
e following, from a mdern witr, m ,ty perhaps I- ou can wait anither day for your ner-do-* n At
crrec f wng, this critical moment the young gentleman was seen 'ftu-iiing
correct as any tiwardi us wnith a boy al his heels. Durnne this scoe the
Whil-'t the i rr..v of the vital endowment is uniludred, .slier tstea9ricrs were c,.n.ial.ed with laughter, anil Mrs
.n.l is inanilf, tii.mins in the various systems are in dur Currnre, while uakir.-I har rEentg., in ri-lt apparent earnest-
hantrmny thir.tuih..n, and with the state of the stmicirirt.i- n--,. I.-I mucl d.rfirultv ti.. preervte he nrigidiiv of her own
Swith tiih Iu iI!- a-D.ciated, all theoperations of tim t-.,Il umucrlaa. I' tlined at, ii lt the 'ooth ied iulged a vpiy
r- Iuly am l in.l: adly performed. This is the cur..trn nI.tural ,dreirt tn gel a ketch ol Dumbarton Csvile,and while
which may be termed health. But as soon as the energies engaged in his drawing had l.irguliten the c.-iact.
of the vital principle become e depressed, excited, exhausted, .. .. ...
or otherwise altered, either r.i..urhoum the body or in any *lOiaiiN Cr i- i .Si M vc TsAfr-.-It ia a -iguirIr i-'-iricul
Sof the systems or organs by which it is manifested, disease fact that the- isvt ltradJe .arginir.ated it n motie, i.urely beine
Ssupervenes. violent, and at tie sniigeslion ,ifone of the mist philanihr.pmc
men of the ale ]1i which he lived,whoute mintd wia dn .Jr ihe
This is the correct standard by which to judge of the sa- influence (,I frliudt'. Barlhilemd de lt Case, he Ln.t.h
infhoence cit cii die. Barthelemritieo le, Cases, the Lu'h-mhu
lubrity of any climate, and will be applied to that of East of Chiapa, mi P. ru, wineasing the dreadful cnru. Ity ,f the
Florida. If it be found that, from a prevalence of miasmata Spaniards to ihe lilihrns. exercted all his eloquence t. I rF-venrit
or other causes, there are very many cases in which the va- it. He returnm-.1 i. Speat, and, plea-,lngm lhecm.-se ,.f !ie In-
rious systems are not i"due harmony" and the energies dians before, ti( Emperor CrtI les V. in per4-.n, og:rbidJ
os systems are not in due harmony" nd the energies that their pla,- ls lab.-rers might i-.e sui.,lted ,by n gr,,- fr.'m
of the vital principle become depressed, exhausted, or other- Africa, who were then considered as tuiigs ui,-. r ,. tmr.i-
wise altered ;" in other words, if disease frequently super- scription of their Maker, and fit only hie.t-: ulf ,,rden.
vene, whatever it may be termed, whether intermittent, re- The Emperor, overcome by his forcit1.) repie-eitna'i .ns, mad.
mittent, congestive fever, or dysentery, the place or district several regulations in favor of the hulians; but it wu a ,ai
of country which the isese frequently occurs is not until the slavery of the African negneri.e.s tas sut-litut.ol that
of country in which the disease frequently occurs is no the American Indians were 'ee.J ,,ii the crurlty --..f the
healthy. Spaniards.-Boston Journal.

us- /

It is not necessary that the disease should be so tatal as to
produce a very high ratio of mortality, for "morbid actions
end ultimately in two ways: 1slt. In health; 2J. Death."
But if endemic disease or epidemics are so frequent in any
climate (though but few cases comparatively terminate fa-
tallv) as to break down the troops serving in the country ; if
the disease, whatever it may be called, recur so often as to
injure the constitution of the unfortunate individual affected,
so as to render it necessary for him to repair to the Njrih in
.lrder 1i. r. ei-l .iiih hii health anid if the inrhabianits alsi
sul-Tr fr-nm all ile f-,rms ol direasa which follow ih, the train
01 m uaI,rti I.r,, ii.1,.ig a small. w t r-til-lxii.' l...ati-d i.lpreaor
anc(, AtLItin-Utiej lnit, aint all iit --gus of au .ail.rucie.0
syssrpi, mine hlia irdA linle in' rdeclailni the cmourlry unti.i t'lhy
If Ibthis country ,Ei Firlrida, nit y u pleri-'.) havy I..-ur i.i
de.itir 6 as,-iis t lNk Ii3;, 1 i39, andm I.l) tn setv-n, &aid
ihe remaining tihr," I ;l3.S,_, Illl I1 -2 1 ha'e a largei- lrT-por
ti-in 1of i ndelnia dnsdi.ea.-, Ii mut :iiid will ie prtimmanrcd
cn 2,'iyli'j. Aldcil to ths, r; tIni-i be a lie ,larablv hi, h ratli'
0I nirtuhily during thr- wit.h a-even V ,vi, h'ttrls nioi nupre-
udiitsdt pi rsii t a' i ,uld say it -ne t t Ih ihe i -i.ntry is
poltmti'ly uiurril, t-y.
In t Ihe exadiinatii.)n of particular stations in East Florida,
It will lbi- u Lts crivPnilr nt i rany re-s ectt I, beginn with
ith.-c rn --rrnTniry f the U',n annire mir. This rv.r, 1L,.
ti-urdiry Nli difle anl Edei ]..rida, risers ty sev. rtl
traralit a t ei ar the (_O kl -iiiekee Ss. mm ti, i' U G ,'rgia, inal re-
ceiving several tributary streams, discharges itself into the
Gulf of Mexico in about latitude 29 deg. 8 min. north. It
takes a very circuitous course to the Gulf in particular,
making a very large bend from post No. 20 to the mouth of
the Santa Fe river, which it receives about J2 miles below
Fort Macomb.
Post No. 20 is the first station on the Suwannee after it leaves
Georgia. This station was established under Gen. Taylor's
survey of the Territory in 1838. As it was in the neighbor
hood of settlers, who were in the main good inhabitants and
had made considerable progress in agriculture, and vegetables
and other productions could be purchased at a reasonable rate
for Florida-being also the least sickly of the river stations-
it was, all things taken into the account, perhaps the most
desirable post on the Suwannee.
Yet it was healthy only as compared with the other river
stations. The writer was informed by the medical officer
that there were a few cases of fever of a congestive character,
and quite a number of cases of remittent fever. This station
was broken up in November, 1839. No. 21, near the Mline-
ral Springs, was a dependency of the above, anti had only a
subaltern's guard.
Charles Ferry--The next station, on our way down the
river, is that at the ferry, on the main road from St Aogus.
tine to Middle Florida. This post was unhealthy. Int 1839
there were a great number of cases of fever, and the ratio of
mortality was not less than five per cent., as the diseases were
of a high grade, and there were several deaths. It always
had the reputation among the medical officers in Florida of
being an unhealthy post.
Fort Macomb, next below Charles Ferry, was a sickly post
from first to last. It is situated on a high bluff, twenty-two
miles from Fort White, on the Santa Fe, and about fifty-
three miles by land, and, following the circuitous course of
the stream, seventy five iv waiir from the mouth of the
river. It is at the head of -iri'mt-uoat navigation, though boats
cannot go much above the rJiniuth of the Santa Fe unless at
high water. For weeks, in the dry season, steamboats were
unable to reach Fort Macomb.
In 1':t" tis i--t --iT, hired f'rum inlernim teiit ariJ renilti n,t ,
and, friajIv, it- the ]a.t ,ar ofl the sicklv secalii, the Iro-.,s
w.-re much br-.,ka n d.wi, ir..rn ih- udbdillatrni i tl tcis 1.1 tihe
climaLte, from diaenteiy, and :curvy. lIa I'llt thlougih a if
tderenl cummand) levrr "r cill Lypm w.s mnvti, mire ril'f than
i.I lKtA3 and thi- weie tr.iken ,uwn tits yeaar o-.
Trhir nm. dil .-tliet k A instantt Surgeon Williams) served
here during the last part of the sickly season of 1839, and
the whole sickly season of 1840, and finally left the Territo+
ry in the latter part of the year with a shattered constitution,
and gave up his commission. He came from the post at
Traders' Hill, Georgia, in excellent health, and left this sta
tion a mere wreck of his former self. So much for Fort Ma-
comb. No inhabitants were settled in the vicinity at this
period, and none will be for a long time to come, if they value
the health and life of their families.
This subject will be resumed in my next number.
P. S. ERRATUM.-Where it is written, in my last commu-
nication, there is little relative difference, on the whole, in
sickness and mortality betwcin East Florida and the adjoin-
ing Southern States," for adjoining read neighboring South-
ern States.

S~sE&a~^M SssS~~f0^

OHIto STATE LOAn.-The New York Ametrican of Wid-
ne-day afternoon says: "The Commissioner, tirom i hio
appointed ;.. ii. riiiat- the seven per cent. litn arivpl in ihii
city last evening. It will be remembered that ftJO4ta1) -if
this stock was subscribed for last spring-the ii'-.crnt..- s re
training the privilege of taking the balance of I69U(l.0ltU njy
time previous to the 15th instant.
We are informed that the same parties have n.iow tkra the
SI 51is) i.'ill at par. The stock matures in 1851; ii,'rett
seven per cent. payable semi-annually on the first -f Mlay
an.l N ,v.inier."
P-k.t,i I Vm i'iV i. --uM rHi BI D I T-i l RIii .RtE FF.rmrime
wFckt i.o,;, as we larn, tib pr.ces- of boring ir freih anlel
ha ,,s.i-n in Iroi'resas at the end i.f Sieamship wharf, at Easi
BFos.ain, oily a tlew hundred licet r'm the mathin chaniim of
tie finrb.,,r asui user three hundred leatl from the eho;e io
Easdt Bj- -,n. Alter bonnr ni neiv le-e it wata Ifared that
*ait sainlnJ n--il be ubiotined, i hd the wiorkmen commenced
'nkim- "'p Ihe i-hI'A. I.-rr, iwenly ,r iw:nily.frve fre ol ihe
inibres had IterI ltaken up when a powerful spring r.peneJ into
ithe ubts, which tJda lair io supply an abundant quiatini f o
waler. A iw-lve rich lube is to be siurik in thi spul, a d it
is i xplctEd Ifs a naler of an excalleni quailv will be i- In-
il the aupl-ly it the stoamers ail lulher shllppling. be
ti.rinpn wns carrnid onl where the water is from fifts to
inhi.eri, it-' oI high tilde, and probably four or five fu at
Ilo wasrr We presume it is the only inslancp whet the
f'r ha t', P. ri ,'redrlr '.' fo 'r -- '-ui- 11I .'I -'- ,,
The Sandwich (Canad ) Wesvern Erpresi state hat
,hr.e slavs who had escaped from bondage in the'e ted
States, and had been working with Ihe larmers for-: ral
months, v.I|trtiui';y returned to slat'vry,ip..n the ailsnoe
given ay their raasler that they thuind ioi toe s-ild 'r st,-
ed for their absence. One of them rimr',iked, ai he eaterk
ed in the ferry-boat, that he nsner knew whamt -oid w..rk way
until he came to Canada !
MISSIONs.-The twenty-fourthannuala I sain .. Ihe Amtc-
rican Board of Foreign Missions criiin.iiitnid s R .-cheifer
(New York) on Tuesday afternoon, and ith ,.-caa-ion drew
-.j il, r ril.iiy Juuii giiiibhed c1er'smarn arnd inirnsuinarteii frnm
I.,ri .0',, jn -'v's i-ow in this c Curatt'. Tlie Fi H.n. TES.)DoRr
FP.lritJnuVott-S, 1tlesideri I" the o.rid, ua6 1i. the chan.
T'he treasurer's report showed the expi-,te_ doiniri the year
for twenty-six missions, agencies, an-i m-;.spllai'a-.u expenses
to be F .'5 l.'7 85. On the evening ul 'filmas tti firi annual
sermon was delivered by the Rev. Dr. sOt:hinat., and thr
'-.,r.n- in attendance was much greai it"an Lil.t'e bnldiug
ctl.uhlu ncd
IMP6RrANT DsAMAG ECASE.-In the Cia-Jit C.,ut al Si.
Louis, (Mo.) on the 1st instant, the ownrr- ..I the ateama
boats Arrow and Corsican recovered a ,iit, Ifil.r palalrds
of $11,000 against the fate Farmers' a d ,t. rha, n 'a lr,s-ajr-
ance Company of St. Louis. The suit hail b--', p.'dtirng
since 1839. It was argued upon the part ciI thr de1ref s uLhati
the steamboat Arrow had not been injure tr', ar. v daimasoi
entitling her to claim insurance, but that she hrp-l b ri 'ark
by commotion created by another boat in passing, lI w.s
proved by the plaintiffs that she had struck a snag fpr,'vin.
to her meeting said boat, and was at the time sinking.
MitstNa.-A young lawyer by there. ii-,.nie -if EM i n (pQui,
of Doylestown, (Pa.) left his offic.-, I.,,..k ia-I -l..tzrg, ..
cept the suit he had on, without a 4 hsini,' i"r, r it u-c itati
.1t i'!% of funds, on the 30th August last, on a rainy morn-
ing, before day, alone. He left a note directed to his brother,
stating that all effort at the discovery of his person or motive
would be unavailing, and fears are entertained for his safety.
The Buck's County Intelligencer has an ailveliii-tu-int sigr-
ed by his mother and father, imploringly fesencritg, the re-
turn of the wanderer.

EXTRAORDINAtRY OCCURRsNCE.-A Fish ran away ith ar v
vessel's anchor, and caught in the act -On the 22, ot August
the brig Rowena was lying in Laguayra Roads, the weather
p-.-t, lit CI, .lI. I diaeuvatel Ihe veast I nirinig slowly sb.,ui
amiuni, iI.. silpn Pg ; I ,c-ild i-i,.a ,irneie what ciuld hbe the
mIrf, r ; I ,-rtred i' h"ie, ar, in ad see it the anchor was gone,
Ill it waa r..I hbut 1.) my surj.riie I ,oond a tremendous
monisler eirai.gleil fasI to ithe lbuity .lpp, and moving he aon-
rhor slowly al .-iii the bolisom. I Lhen tid the fi-sh lowed non
shore; it w.sia :l uilis sh tiaipe, something like a dev'l fish,
hut very curious shape, being wider Ihan it was Io1tajtqd
having IWO vuiS67u, anti * -
.mill Inlad in r prportinn r, Ihe fish. and exsactly'Jike a
tald Ti.' lail can he sten n toard the brig Roweba4 t he
-limeni inp tr o ihe ih wre,e as f-l.Ioaa: length fresm end if
tie- faitl Io rnd ,ji L the i'asks Il IfeL ; I'L-Irj n i1ai, In wing20) feet ;
itr- ,.,Ulth i1 t-i ',dt hrd its W ight3l 11 11t-.0
C'. S. DILL.
A TmMEita e Sr,. y' "--'l ,:i yv'unig mern, with a
hinii'iinniL' ih i, -Ir tithas ,"' retire Ille9 at righl to their rutuni in
a crowded inn; in which, as they enter, are revealed two
beds; but the wind I xtinuijahicng the light, ihey both, in-
stead of taking, as they supposed, a bed api-ere, get back to-
buck into one, which begins to sink under 1hen and come
around at intervals in a manner very circum.mbueni, but
quite impossible of explication. Presently one ,.baerves to
the other:
I say, Tom, somebody's in my bed."
"I s there l" says the other so there is in mine, d-m
him Lea kick 'em out I"
Tip nirt rtrmanrk was.
'P.-u, I've kuLme.J nmy man overheard "
Ii o. l an tv hif Ilowi,.per ; better lutk than 1 ; my
ni.i it hs k.k.I me oui-right on the l-itor!"
i' r. .Ite. pai-iiiont" were niot apparent unlil the
r-i. 'I rr ..rri .

fx~L > .(.'I.A V t J AC'tOn.
r fliF-. I,.- w i ..... in.. t.'tl.1.. tC.,urt I-i.., w, ii '.i :. .Alex. ( rA1,1R& JACOB.
is atrim, F' .ti i-"ti, '., aiidr WtIut--it, i-sv.' tlue I i- ,rr..RaEl ti- &ND tNAf.Ll.Rs0 AT I IW, L,-tlSVILLl, aKV.
i a lt Pi 1 ri, '",, i--it i a rre .-ni 'theC' I -' srIr i- te -d ,,e harc. iJd t i hair cre w.Ill ba pr.,-npIly aitnJead tW.
i.a- ip jdl ,, I L,? t-,.- I t*ie d'[>',B H,.I I .ncl *-, r T dav, 11
Trhus-t.iVt .An ,l SIi ur.Jav ,I .I, ,.k A M -t, Ire 24 --li,-
The I.i.-,,i Iv'-,:ze, Al.le-., M tl-J' t P-ri. Pa rtJ V r\', .Itl [ k C, ,he0: .%ijif ..fiice *i-* fr.,-,ri 1.i- v i,,j,-ra-^r, jon FPi,-l,, 11rie 7t tiri sia,, a
il. WiiI, : .1-1, Jr,,l I r, I r- luur.i niiih v,iii.jilin iim ine Si M A G ERY tj.,-iT t11,11i)y Far u s di.
Ie-,, -. *r in rriimpe this announeement ,, ,.,,ld.- *i.. *"' lte l. :,'i ni.n sn.i aiotJI ; ah'i u v a gooJ deal ul
0 ']1.. 11.1 i h.: l tl hatl it' ,....i..ili ..-I..'P | i. i t.- t ; il , i i , i n. rt il...iit. h h P.,i. .l F.i, o i P idtay ni:liht,
ici.l -:rin 1i- i"n s ,r. Af. I I I.-.I A.,t--, t c.ur-,ii ditr.r, and the Ii- I ", mi:' iPI, , in1,, --Ut Aieiri i, amt.u n ee a a a
v iy best r. v .,,a.j '.... ',-, v i..! ,i. [, i. 4. .. t-a r i ..,q.,i irrn cilnr.
'il.i r- -r- -r. J"i c ,* 1--' i-l i ni .) 1i,., rt tr. Io .l i. i i .I ., I -i rti l i l tjri I,, t )r it-s jpprFth e ii111.n of tIhPm I alien
ilir, ,ei bte a.nrt,'il. a _',,I.'ta .rr r', t.i li .,-, Ur ,see I(.'...n i thr ,., ,j 0 ..r w 'n'rl '.ti. d. llt i iItr -ther Vl them. .'Ir Ih
i, ,a 'n.i I. r.'.ii.ii. I, ,i i.i ,|l.,. it,, .-tpsti i int]J ih,.,.I t. it .? i. I ,..f .--r i ri. lrer.J .'. Au if n ke s but of ihre ci uni$.
II. ,, Jt. i r,._-lri, t[ ..,.-le ii i ti ". 1 c| ,hrUi m m:f y uti, i, a, .,l .ir .-i or fIiv (..r .:1- i. it ihe,. Tht sLove rJalions living ai .- I
beauty of scenery ar..i ftri-it .i 1. I PI, ,.- iI, Si.. Ttli-n.:mas Berry's .iin, u .i, at Governor Sprigg'!,
JOHN PtI( i pN, It'rwrnitr, W c .liei an tin iles it 'ri i ll..len.t.urg. They look with
A FLEMING -t n, l. rAt -iinr ah ih. l thi r c i l.l',ibinag, it sannotl Ithere fure be eaclly descri.Jd.
N. B. Seats can b.' tklr, I, Ihe Geaersl t0Ne Offi,-, ,iJ,. JOS. K. ROBERTS,
lngtob,or at Wise's Htulu, Aldtaudra.. sept l8-dtIn L July ls-- t Near Bladdoabuig.


ExP.eRTTN .,F *C'ATIL -. -Tho high tn,riiT ill it which
Britli-h cattle is ield by .,,iiilertal *_r! z-ira s tif deri d Lby
the larde i'rders which havs' beri recstad Irim varlaus dir-
linguished foreigners, who, having atiendid ine' g-alt callal
hi.,ws nl thit c. unLry, are reeking to- itirove thrir own stirck
by a cross with the best English brtedl, as wlI as in th.'
adoption ol our improvement in Ithe tfied-lir. anl treatmenti'ri ..i
animals. AmonsLI the last wi.Ak's .pir.mirrIs rm Si Kith-
arirJs's Docks were some very valualer yvurtig bulls and itir.rn
of the Hereford and Durham hreeils, t.geifher rth a rnumhtitr
of superior tupa nd ewes Ol tthe L-i.tesier, purchas-ed
.in heihftolthe Kin,..i Sardmiii, lrn Mr Fisher Hilt.,..l
Mark's Hall, one ol lhe moti iesprienced larnersA in E r x
The same genileman has rte-ived ordrr i'r.i ,trier il-tirl
rtuiihPd prom.ters of agriculture belonilnin to c..niitnenIii
States, amngst wh.m Marshil S uit lD.ike dr [)Ilrnaii. I
may be reck ened as p.arlicularly aix ou.s I 'r i l ,i..plliii"
our more unprorved system 0l' hitbhariiry Marslil *.,lt *il
agent. M. Adtrer, hisa 1eeri l.f.r ,-,rOe erk 1n1 a at
Mark's Hll, fior the purp-sie .f seldcting i.n.k, dnd .-;it,-
ring the English -ysteni ..f hlusbanldrv. Toe tit.prnialion of
continental stock, which was pretty rier-live r.r &..meni ini
after the new tarifflcame into oepprail.'n, lia-i greatly imiriteh.
ed, owing in the inferir'ritly ol' the arnials ase conipared wiih
Brilish produce. It should be remarked that Ithoie exp..-rltJ
are intended solely Ibr tieediriz iurpoies, arnd, as the choicest
breedi are invariably selected, hbe price I. pr..,iotfiionally high.
[ "Ti n s.
RiMARKaBLs Doc'MuPlns ttZicn BY 'Th P..t.i.;--A d'iy
or two since, Mr. Edward J.hni Brierley, a in ot the chiel
con-Qable, wnith Carer, his assisIant, in searthing a nilortr.,u
I.dgtng house kept by a person named Mitchell, ,i Wrtngaie.
Wakefield, found concealed theie ar immerse qjarintily A'
documents, which tend to show the meats by whitIt ihe
beggiiJg letters, petitiurns, br-di minmorials have been mnarufac-
tured with which not only York-hire, but the whole kiiriliom,
has been supthlid by a gang ol ingenious antil peiaesvering
swindl.-re. he moat remarkable of the manuscrnpts are
many hundreds of genuine signatures of the nobility, clergy.
and gentry residing in different counties of England and Ire-
land, cut from letters nid other-.papars, and stuck in rows uporn
"Ibumishiiga for the purpose of being imitated in duplicate sham
petilono. Amongst these sisiaturtl are those wi many re.
spectable inhabitants of Wakefield, Heath, Ye't k. [Hailax.
Leeds, besides those of persons in the couriies i.' L-nie.-.lri,
Norfolk, Nottivghamabire, L..nca-hire, Cutinberlftiil, &.
How some ol these ignaltures have bihen obhined it is ifi
cull to cojrij ciure, soi e of them haie,ithii- r. n.. u.b.ijn b l'i In
attarhed to sub .cripli-n ItsIte lihe IF.m 11. i i c.. ur-E .1
Ihbeir pero rntbulatlioii r hers, prola'llly, i.e at PP n ILUi rrom
letters in ainr wer ito .uch aprliicati Iis t) the 'tiarital-'lr 'nrIn
try as were lately exposed in lthe Couranet, in the account of
the committal of an impostor at Wtakefield. Another set of
documents consiests of models of petitions and memorials for
persons pretending to want funds to Fm inrate to New Zea
land; to make up losses by fires andi shipwrecks; to raise
funds for those pretendii.g to be affliclted with blindness,
lameness, &c. A thord set of documents were routes in
England and Ireland for persons travelling with the petitions,
gi'il-iL the nanteea ad residences of persons on the roads likely
to be called ponr, aid pointing out where the petitioners should
not c:ll fi.r Iear o t.eing detected. Some of the descriptions
of parties are curious and instructive; such a person is de
scribed as a giver to all callers;" ait.. litr will cive if stuck
to and talked well to ;" a third is drunk -,, avtd the dodge
may be well played ;" a fourth must be seen at breakfast
time;" a fifth must be avoided any time just before or after
dinner ;" and s.- on through an aenaz~rit I.ihg list of the no
ability and r-nitry. Besides these, ltltri were found
from some ,o, these systematic impostors, describing their
success or otherwise. One of these is dated froct Tickill, in
May of the present year, signed Thomas and Harriet
Monks," and directed To the care of John Jackson, for
John Clarke, Newgate, Pontefract." It begins "Dear father
and mother," and goes on to slate that they had failed of late
in every place they had tried, and complained that they were
now in a "dead country," or they would have sent some
money. In short, it is plain that the police of Wakefield have
broken into the main manufacture of the begging petitions
No person in the l.I-aing.houre would own the bundle of pa-
pers, which Mr. Brierliy has kindly put into the hands of our
rel..irter fo.)r the purp.-se of exposure; anrd th. m:.tistroa len of
tile distrlct have expressed their wtinh that eulir il ii hi I
j rurnals would assist in briakirig up this eziersive .ytlte, oI
irauJ.- Yoirk Htrald.
SPeIN.-Extrilct f a letter irm .-ur c-arr'nipini nr at
Madrid. July 31i: Tb-. ,lcrfe- .-f Ienr L ,.z, titeukti-
up the Supreme Tritiunl de Justica ('he hit.t c.ouri .1t
liaw in Spain arid diamutmdilin the Pti.stlskti, D..n J -Ie Catl-
traiiit, aid ri te other judges arid tiical-, I.ecauA- Ir ev ta oultl
ttl go the wh,:.l' hiig' and prionouileP in livl ...,i lh- L," Li-7
Ministry atid the nnlitary Gnrernmril, 1.'. tcri al. 'J a s1a 1,.1
i,.n h tre a.,na'thirg ,imil *r tI uhht which tiiuh.ln i rt' e ih
Dublin if by any miracle M r. O'C..nnell rough', t, perilift.'
ior a week or tWu to lake the r' ol Ithe LUiiiloil i. Lu. i
iaccomphi, and dismiss lb.- ?udg;es o l the C.,Jur o" .-ieeri.'.
Berinth, Chancery, and Exchequer. Th.-rr' as here it woul.J
be a race to ruin. So convinced are the beaten ElaltsJi patty
Stflhi.i, that although thby wre it'hrme dyi-' a t.iultra fir It r.
1fylWir mu..U4in1'fl-, &-5 'ti..y arum sii j .i .,
again, and yesterday heldl a truatiion, to coivider what ith,)
shjuuli do as a pr arv. S. Itrai iltory are the alina iI .
Spanish government The ndiltr ititlid T he GCi.a rn-
ment of tire Nati.-ri,' signed by all the Lopez Ministry, which
has beer, l..,r, aidJ anxiously expected, now appears without
& d..t, and iti', in. fine, says nothing upon all the import-
ant tiltuis on ,hidci it so much imports the nation to be well
Iafurioed, artd upon which the new Government thus plainly
shows that it cannot to peak nut. It does not say
whether it will or will not declare the Regency vacant and
elect another; whether it will or will not respect the Consti-
tution on the subject of the Q.ueen's minority (ill October,
1844; whether it assents to or dissents from Narvatz's dcla.
ration on the field of Torrejon, that she took the reins ol
Government into her own hands from that day;' whether
the representatives from the provinces are to be invited to
Madrid t.- l.ral>7 the acts ,i Ni'.tz, Conchs, &c. ; whether
the Ci.tlituo',-.i Is to be got ri'tl of and replaced by the Esta
tuto Real or o-i.tchiin else, wlit i il- '.. it-. ate to be called
,. ..iar, r a d whether the pitn ,iiple ol' at ,,itut' upon w which
:1-+ t2iiL,,tet' prides itselfio to be extended, as the Regent
wished and insisted on, to the '.iibs' also. Meantime
apartments are preparing in the Pglace for Don Francisco de
Patua and family, including the young aspirant to share the
throne of Spin. l-ojas volantes, or ;lvwi,, sheets, are cried
about the streets as feekIG. or to prepare people for the return
of Maria Christina, but at present her affectionate sister ap
pears likely to carry her pint, and make the first lodgment
in the palace. The Cound ..r b4i..'- L are i,..,w ,.ccupied
in the di-c,. ,ii ii,,i t11 t.u.,i.rlaict'm .lus--r..t f an in
'raclion .jl live (_.n imiiiik,.' --'lea / ri.r9i 'h C ,P-i Pl, I age, aid
dismissing the Senate ; neither touched upon in the addri, 'l
the Government to the Nation,' in to day's faetat'",- T, ", :
REPEA, OF T1E UNtoN.-At a time like the p"'eent, it roay
not bi u,,iiu,,,r. -;.;r, ii. rru-r to the period when a discusstotli
,ook ilace it, Psrl.iitti it..r dissolving the union with Scot
land l the fith volume o, the Parliamentary Hi-.ri.. of
E egland, p. 1,215, it is stated-
1713. May 2,-The engrosseul bill (malt) was read the
third time, and passed by a majority of 197 against 52, to the
disappointment of the Scots.
May 23 -The endeavors of the Scots members in the
House of Commons for easing their countrymen of part of
the malt tax having proved ineffectual, they had several pri-
vate meetings with the Scots peerasitting in Parliament; and,
laying aside all invidious distinctions, consulted together how
to redress their grievances. On the 26th of May they deput-
ed four of their number, vy Ihp Di.;ke of Argyll, the Earl of
Mar, Mr L ,ekari, and Ni, Citkburn, wi-u ov til trr order
srluie.] i., he, Nlajreiy, that their c.,ur.r, ni-n ,,ire with
great ionpiillem-ce h i th VlIlkIn '.t' .-,' ite aritelrsi i, hi' union,
and that ih, layii2 -unet at' irt.uppeiirlablr burda, a; the malt
lax upin them, wa' like to laise th-ir'r, it I,, such a
height aa i. prompt I t|UTe t.' declare the union dita...l .. ." To
.this uasxpatsd besjba.I tn-instrnaDce the .Lutr, ar nirt-td.
*bThis was a precipitate' rsaolfilhon, aijd she w,5tir.J lhea
might not ha'e reason to repent i ; ulI, h.iwnea,-, -he would
e,,deavor to mnake all 'hlngs easy." The Sitit nm', rs be
ins m.l itni day, raid their d.epulits having matp lihtir rrt,,'rt
of her Maleesty's answer, it va- urmiaitmously :,agreed. IhiL,
before they proceedei luurher, thiy -houll lay it,, ir ravi rit
bhiloie Ihe Hause or Lorda. Acc..rdii'als on the *"-'h ,-i Moy.
alter Ihe Lo)rds had adjourned the detiet abnut ,bp 'h 'ti an d
'.-th ariri'Its trt Ihe I easy a., cirmamarce, til Earl itl Fitlas r
made a motion that ecme laIy -imlght be a1piiriltd i.. o-'n'i-irt
the sta'e if Ihe nal-'n,: whereupon ihe lords a l..tiited 'he
1st of Ju'e, when ill ith li'ido in in wers smumn -rel. f-le.
tween one and two o'clock the dhbale begin. ,i.fe.ed I.v Ihe
Ea-!rl tlf Finualtlr, who r, pt, senied the grievanci a ,,I the S-ic,-
tith nation, and concluded by niutnn, Tin have be .,etin

to brmng in a mill for dissolving the said union, and securing
,he Protesant succession to the house of Hanover, the
Queen's prerogative in h.-ih kiigdJ.-ms, and iprfsarvinig sr,
entire uni-v and good cuire-p.rndeance between h6 Iwui kiug-
d -irns." The debate which h lt.klwed in curious and interest-
iris ; and ion the quFsi;mn tieing put -t the Earl of Finlater's
innmumn, the s-ame wa carrnd-] in the negative by four voices,
thtire Icing 5 4 lurdsa pr-ii on each side, and 17 proxies for
the Iegalive and only 13 tnr the affirmative.
Thus was the union with Scotland preserved by a majority
I tt.ur peers. The malt bill passed on the 5th of June; nine-
teen Scotch pteers tnit re-. l their protest against ,i, as a viola-
lilu oftIhe 4Ith article ofthe uii.,n ; ,v, ral ,IM tthr lords who
signed thal protest look an ac tie aeate ii tihe rebeIliii which
alieward!4 .ui in Scilan'l; ionie iofi them firlitied Iheir
tiIIs and esiatas, onP of them, L-ird Balnerir.., lost his head.
The mall lax was contnllUed, ad Jit ade B fruiilul 'hrni for
the discontent which tbehe, presatld among the aul-porlers ,,*
the Pretender. In every Sc.tuah glen, in ev, ry huvel of the
"' lar north," wer ha ard the Jsu.iictlt a-' winl which Wil-
s-in, theft eminenti v-icaslist, now delight's an Erhlith audience
in the Hanover Romas, and evey man, wornais, and child
hintfd with enthibu-iaim-
W e -rarcpa can Irtw.a .1 \i'kf a'iauL
Bi t lleml'- y hie'd c li.adn liiui ;
Ar .i I.. o cr 'ka I h e l a-i . rr,' 5" "
Oi, yv-u're wele,'ime, Rf-eal Crhist '
Thank Gail, we have imo Pretenlfra" here to the throne.
Trhe Queen lives in ihe heariat and arlctions :.I her sibiecia,
and hebr Mjesty would say, aa her royal predecrasor said more

than a century aeo. when the Soenihli nobles and commoners
deniandEl a ref-al of the union, I will endeavor to make all
thina- ets'v 1he grievance of the malt rax was I'irgolten
wnih Ihie cir.iniuril F 11,. reaits pr',r-speriiv rti Scitland ; but the
advierr 'i lJtrl -n'm A itn s ila. u.lani e lhthe iealy ol linInirn by
" resirmn t i. I i i' m, ir art -nti i hTs' in th e s'siear I 112-
a Iolat-irn which he pe ,-l 'li SrniIsentIan has risier yet tmfr-
gomien, rrid bwhirht, although .-ne hundred and lhirly years
have- ,asse.J away, hai lately occa'sored ihe 6eieeasi.'n I, the
church of Ss',ilcni, and in all pr.bibbilily will soon break up
Ihi estst'lshitin-l. Lt ihe reasp-.nitble advsiers f,-t our be-
lovel ItuTeer, p..nder well, in the prescrinl slseol ithsii riurdiy,
an- I hen 1-1 iftPm c.',nlider and redress the gi-enirlE'- rif I]re-
land Iehre it il I-lo lale.
[r'.M A ritVATE I. iLrrft ]
WVith respect i, ihe prtent s-it liarn, I hardly, kn.uw whinre
to btin ein the atlemlt t.i descrite it, s- mu.-h iequirte i-,I h
k ,rui- ol ,,l -h po liot, ftt-liungis, aid .,tIj.-cis i' lthe p-ar' c.m-.
,o,,or.' m i i o- n ml i h 'I pre'i.,ut Xplana.I ni, 'i., re the c ursne
,nr, li i.l bre1.l ..r a rair sta- k tupi', it ir., iii que-tiu hi- lhal
iltn smin -i'mu,,i "ta' its .n iii( 1 tihe Fars uhl tna t .iiiitu willt d-ah.-rl
Sl'fthrn e i.lurruas ..ctha l,,sely.puiid If tier lnres, iii tie had
ol all b--,k-..tier in ii cwl, P;Ipi L 3''. W thi--tever that tlak'a
r[.IdC' yIs n may curnil up-iiu a pre-ei -nl f t.rne nrtnpiea, "with
th i atjhir'a kinA ri-ata'd," a1 sooi0 as it shall te wound lhal
the work is unsialehtle Inr lhe meStn lime v.,u will eri-ell
me lI. tay ,nujihirhn g ul .our preseni poillloin aisd prospects.
This, I can a-.soie 'stii, is t'y n-' nmear.s .ai v,.rv -a'y a tak,
exceplt that t.ulli are le rv unu.iimlorual n. I lini,,-IIi' lO v'ur
sil a ,country taclusst ly agrruiltural, 'hltklv ,ivete.t, in
holing.a-4 fr..mrn one acro it l atr.iv, lhy a pu.,pulill.-u wh.,
hase htd ilor yeiar' past reason o ihi-,k that iIty *,,e li.,,ked
up-n willi dislike anr, duspic,-n by heir inmtda-e lindl,.rda
Thii ..[ in a iate tI nt i-. iy avid dei.ltill.-r-,, happ[
if Ihbevy eai ihediy p.-l1i l-Ior six m.,.nlths i ihe year, with
ihe Biltii..r roi a aul- of s.itr milk ir Ithe otherr -!x nmnr ha-
daily int'reasing in lrtfrnthi ani.I nItmberv arid in the convict
'ion airthtir nlmeric U(l" trio'iry-convinced by conslan ex
lerinee Ihalt they holil thi land, r.)t by the good will, but
in sf-lte ol iui r lsnrl.rds, who wouldL turn Ihem out io mour
row if tIhey darerdl--aiatirsfied.j ihal ihey have nothing to hope e xcept I roa uiJiou among themselves, that nothing has
b.-en granted except to agitation, that through agitation they
will gair, avery iublug-sanguinas entbuuiasltic creatue e.f ima.
pulse, and grigaxioas tuo the utmost extent; blJLr&
thing, however absurd, told them by their leaders"Ihis popf-
latuoin, ignorant and reckless, form the hone and sinews of
lthe prtfarnt aritalion, Ihe ready tools of O'Connell. and wait
.-nl -ui his ,ainal I.'. Inatin what ihry freely'and openly call
." lii e, Ar I, ilti- c1a8 I ti c.urt-e ii.rlude all laborers, and
ltal hunmtlo'ui b,.d) in Irtland wh.o, wilhoul a regular honie
ir Anv thini' Ilka, ,,mm-i suml m-rans ofi aupp-irt, pitk ofp a presa-
rtiuu- hvrlh ,-,.I I, l e tliu a lim, i.i h u-iac io and a-iirigt a
i-ut- lhere aid i hara -thi- iu,,tat hai't art- nerer-bty io keef.
their b.die and v.iul- i -..thihr. Such are the ready-made ma-
terials for agitation in this country, and the wonder is, con-
sidering tial iihey f-mr-n probably seven tenths of the popula-
tion, not lhat agijit..i has been so frequent, but that revolu-
tion has been so long delayed. In the language of one il
their own bishops at a late repeal meeting in lhics neihl-i,.r-
hood, These are the men who do not fear ," an.s
noe %".i.d. r, nhiiiui can makethem worse off than they are.
Tie betti-r rcla- t tenants, (Catholics,) suffering less, are
less excitable and violent. But they are repealers to a man,
and will join any movement that may take place. With
them, as well as with the class below them, the 11fixily-of-
tenure" doctrine is most palatable. The most reasonable
rn)r.i r--h'.tabl, alsui.-- tliiem (and I haveconversed with
nnrt ai not pri--,f apalitt the inducements of a public and
itria t nalur,- hall mnt it favor of repeal. They fully be
ie1,- t, ith rl ni-ne nillunir annually sent out of the country,
to be spent here when repeal ii gained ; and with them O'Con.-
ualI's carpenter covered with chips is no exaaggerrtii.n. They
are no political economists; arid, therefore, -e nl-thint uU'
of their way in the idea of ratulaiung the rent tf land by
juries of farmers, and they are nont wihout a hope that the
turn of the cards may some day find them the proprietors in
fee of the land they now rivirely farm.
The landlords (not being middlemen landlords, for there
is a great difference) ate almost without exeception opposed
to the movement. Catholic or Protestant, they equally dis
like the" fixii-ofr-;i'enuri-" doctrine, and allitsconsequences;
whilst tlheti hv, a untneiil i'rling that rFe-'al would I e
followed by c.,rtfi-Clat.-ii a .t l it eite of Pt..resianis, and at
least by rno-turnty toi ih pr-ptirty .'f Catholics.
I um'ie now io tetie pulel-, whI-,, as y-A.u will have- .ioerfJd,
are tisc great i-adar. anid ldre'tors at all the rn,-eiiin's. The
1-el-is i u trs e ss-ntially the priusia I the pe-pl,-
thre y stiunt lr..m their ranrks, chitlly ronm ihal uf the middle
ci-.s' or lairm.r-, aid, wiWtthi all their leeling-, i'reji
die,.-I lIke-. aitd ilialikst, sre reenl I. sMavnn.,th, where a syT
tae- iii nutwrUL'hirnnar.aniiwlitt ratihtrtlhi liberaliziuxg Ihe mind,
Lc.rcfira.s in.iead or trpnmues the tvils t1" their early Educs-
1lai ; tilny ihI. reliurn Ie 'he c,,uniry anlimi ing meir own avs'la,
wVi, i.-ik upt-l theu-i a :-, suipeluhr ridl r oul blini4, ai,-I treal
'hrn itlth a d.-'tp' ,if .ii i r-ne,' and r.,p ce, nouah im upsel
b,-ltr cinbit mard mind Tu do irm jin ilc-, they are th(
la.ihiul plfeie'.l tim gu slirant aiid big.ied people, pir orm-
nrig iheir duiiis scrupuously and relinugiusly, and Lhus gain-
trig real iriuerfnce ov,.r thei, lI; bu Iheiy are little Ibetler qua-
i-ftied tbhan 'h- ,pr-i1 ihT.e-celves to judge beyond their im-
rn idi ie s|-here. Thea asiiroilsie counpsrivliy Iittle with
it,,- ltlae ine .d mioe inmhuneii nl classes, -e(ri iOf their own re-
1i.91n", sa, L.r- t4-- iQt.a5.&uv -Z- ms.4aJt ,ksr ji Lal tiole-J1
re-nipany. They are it-us thrown back Et'Jutsivety upoin the
I.,'wetr ah mditlle claims, wilh wh.,re views, teilli, g, and
inl'tiei' ls thty t't-n-ie Ih ..r.ig'hly riilrii..l. Time m 're mo,-
derate amon.-. tbh-m ppro atlty I.)-k tm the ijtr,-ni aiuilslitIr
as the mean- l-t.'atlilp rinle grtiat alteralii in ihechureh
eatablishbmer.,, sd waul ) willhintgli aci, pi, it, as an alte-runia-
tive for repeal hI att'l t i i'. t ii- intfai ei nu l er, e-'t-,.-i'nllh iir
young priests," those who have come into active life within
these ten or fifteen years, will be content with nothing less
than repeal; and if that were to entail total separation, in
their minds so much the better. They are altogether inca
pable of estimating the consequences of such a step, and, as
a proof of it, seriously talk of reviving the decayed manu-
factures of their country, by prohibiting En.lish goods, as
soon as repecal is carried,
As to O'Connell, I give him credit for wishing to obtain a
larger measure of justice," as he calls it, for his country
than has hitherto been awarded. A more liberal franchise,
and an appropriation of the property of the church, I be.
lieve he honestly thinks ought to be obtained, and he has
ample reason :.,: i n-- -'.,.le.t.i.: tilie obtained with-
Out agitatioh. ''i ti tt h nt .- ir v,-'i- ir a repeal of the
Union Id- i,, b,"'l' e. ; nor it-l at hu- ,lesr,'o to see property
put upon it.. i.- -' t l i would necessarily follow the adop-
tion of his proposition for "fixity of tenure," Why does he
not, then, s.iitai-e for the measures which he desires, and re-
ject those whi,. h he neither wishes for nor deems practicable ?
For this simple reason, that neither in the "i church ques-
tion," nor in the question of" franchise," would he be able to
raise a single follower ; for neither would any of the one
hundred thousand that attend his various meetings go five
milps out of the'r ,-a?; Tr.-' retii.i ior ,imi is plain. The
only puss ble w t a, 1. ii, IIi.:. I' ,,,|m.... c,:uthd benefit the'at? is tt .u1-..-ia it tlie t ..s vuiti l be b7 hand-
ing over tothe .1rieua ih1 ,e bhe lanIdJ' srIl church revenues,
cateuo :..d all1 and thus ke.rl-ii their hands out of the
people's pockets, by t.r.,,.n'' tte v si"n lhe prp' n'ynow
enjoyed by the Protestant clergy. But tn;s e: o.nutialed by
them all. O'Connell has declared, over and over again, that
he has no wish to iase tr m in'ie to give to the other, but
that both are to be rquallyv In- whilst the property thuas in
dispute is to be applied for the purposes of the State end of
charity. But in what way will thts benefit the poor man?
He will still t ane tmr pay his priest's dues. There will be no
relief on that head. fe will, it is true, be exempt from
3.c. to 4s. per annum, the usual annual amount of county
ceases and rates, and he may not be called upon for the poor
rate. But wilt he not have to pay so much more rent ? If.
land is free from local charges, will not the landlord get so
winch n.-,re ini the 'hape nf rent ? In o1p~r wnrds, is it not
thi- laiull,,tiI wii1 is uhumati. h' the payst of all Ih,.re changas
O -oinnmell'i ir-ITf .i11'l0, thereh.'re, mou,,i's to nr.thlg nua.'nr
Ihai, a anulh-tiln',ijn of irtta lourds I ibt church t.or Ihe turi,"
rf Ime larndh. rd that I, imiatl he PIe-,n'e'-s uf the Stat, aid ul'
chant', whuicti lid hee.hil'.ire beem paid oul ol Ihe property cl
ihi, l,.Il-,-rd, must I'.r 'he future be patil iut of the prop. rty
,rlf the church,. Who, theim gains the benehit of the rbang.i
Ou c,,urae rhe lv'ndlur.l. Urt-fee, ilteref'jr.', the'pptoIrtjl-l
the i hmn'rt be handed over buodly to the Caihonic priests,
(mid I must caidfe a I am not yet prepared filr such elrreme
lhbiraslmy,' ibhmi is lu- b--rai: Li- ihe lioar ian. Ltrd Jihn
Ru.ia ll' title m,,llurtm ,I" appr,.l-rliauhn Iu nlrasl ,dlcul,r us
amnd Iulute. I tlhgh' ,ii oear- as'o, and I thimhk SO now, and
Suni suel innium ii that putnin hnby rhit larners of Ihis c ,unarn,
whi- are ahriew tiiu,,.uht, h., kiu,,.w whIat touches the-ir -:-an
h.a-kctlru I lIus t. ,kc at a-air. ti iit1h ,.0 thlhs part ul" the
suljeri, biaaU o i(' ini Is l,',k Un-in I s.|,riipprml.mrnTii ansl
' repeal" in :he light of cause and effect. Be assured this is
not the case.
Now, with regard i., the franchise," as a separate qus-
tion, would his attempt lo agitate be more successful'! Prac-
tical personal benefit in pounds shillings and pence is what
Paddy looks to quite as much as the plodding and less imagi-
native John Bud; and what has Paddy got bythe franchise ?

Nothing, except (he pleasure of being placed in a cleft stick,
between the priest on the one side and his landlord on the
other. The consequence has been that there is ala ays tia-
greatest dthificuliv to persuade atiiners to register their ouesa,
and they wish them hi-arly d,,.vn the Shannon.
Unable, therefore, to excite the country upon these topics,
O'Connell has always kept up the repeal cry, as flattering to
Is| ial ,inal Itrihi iron t, e in .,iti- ,s its gives rise to of na-
-ionaln indi pteuuli ur, smliI has latiErsly eiutaincd it I.'y touch-
ing a still dsiper chord--thal, indeed, which is the
iijairiFpriny oif the pre-sent ni-mf.uent aiid inho Cisee f .f-]u
res-, ss]i,ishiintg, as I have retesaim in, know, even tu O'C..rn-
nell htirpll'-lihI fi.inv ofl'trnure We are, in I.ct, a lthe
beglunil'g ult a Setrule wai ; a wir i t ihe poor agaiiisht the
reht,, if I lh--.P hho hase no ,ri.perly agatunt'l those who have
somrne, ril il.e attemptI tLo slay II-e tuirent of evrnit, by doling
i.ut a hic. ui i the- chiarch, or -.I enlarging ibh. frdijchie ametng
tho e u.-i are alIeady uniwilliiio to exricso ii, is most pre-
p itrlaus e. Mind, I am no[t 'ainal el{ti.rlinl the fIra-Ichise,
I -m cinlv spe-aking i. i- e ri'te:, al this pirturular tojicture.
Thai O'Connel will allow of any i-udden outbreak is very
mlrnubible, and his. power isi o ,'rreat that I have little doiublt
it rjl ti ing e ble to re-tirain Ihe peille for a I.ring time i
rome But he will not be less desirous in critnlae LhP agila-
rion, and something niay occur which may linht the spark in
-lie ,f him, %r Goverlnjmr'ilnt mAV IP comp-led to inake active
meas-ures to check tke systematic urganizition wthit h s eVer
going on, and a, crisis may arive sooner than we expect.

The conduct of Government up lo this time is generally ap-
proAved of by ell except the Tory party. The dismissal of the
msgivarates is.- approved of, although Ihe manner in which it
was dl-ne is much blamed.

U NIVEH-ITh (OF" PPEN N-E, 1 A NIA, Medical
Department, Ses.liou ul I 143-44.-The LeUetues
will commence r.ri M.nday, N.vermtctr 61h, ajid te r coniouiie, un-
'r Ihe fa allowing anrrag.-mern, t t the iniddle uf March enailinj:
Practie andI Te.:.rv o tl Medi.:ne, l.y Natarniel Chapman, M. D.
Chepiitrr. ly R.,bern Hare, M D.
Sinireay, hav Wlilinm Gtibren, M I.
Analr-my, y tWilliam E H.riner, M. [I.
lrInlirje; of Medi-line, h %Sanmiel JlI-:onn, M. D.
Maiems Me-.i,..a-ind Pharir.uT- by Geore B. Wood, M. D.
Ob.inenrt and ihe ritseaes s of Wumen an Chiltrrln, by Huigh
L. Hodge, M. l).
A .'olirse ia t'limailal Leti.area adf [iemn.r'niratu,',ra, in c-annex-
.-i iilTh tiP asi,-0 e, Is A senl a' The Phula Jir-thii H.oaps il
(' i.v W. W'. Grhtrij, M lt.
Cinmrit ?'ut5u a, ti Di'. Itm.iG& ; i ii.[ H-,r.,cr.
i'ilin,-al lui -iij n 11 il Mheinhii- i ; au-, 5veeI f'r-a-'n the It day
i",l Nu't.'L.-I. 1. 3ii 1 ] d',.'y -I Ma t, hI -y D. %V, d, I n a .
Penri:u,t Iarmn H.i plial.
Ihe fimm. I-j r Prac:ical Aiulnti' wUill betap oprne October 14r,
.n,.J c- ,niiij.' ,a -) 'llprt. of Paul Berk Godiard.l, M. ri., D'anmata' o, with a su- -in ithe part -A1 l1r. Horner
|'aii ,1 tihe Medical Pc, :uhl, "W.i) Chetnut itlreen, Phulaoeelthia-
i.-id 6--.mhfl'l.,t15&Ils,'p
a-mn s ir n, nf -ai it-Ile muiriiriprs n '_n It- f ncii.a.eplouiablie m-:-
rc- char loI, a grajomaie of Brnow n Universly, who hla. hid some
-- aties,-nvh' a i h hnap, a. feitrral, ,,, ati'n me aItltn as a
i-*. h-r in ,1 pis ii- rritiaiy ..r u ne i I plvatde tI.r The-- L t re-
ler.''ne slir.i all' im.'ecanary Iru rmncum fn wilt he given ais-.I-l:"
t,,i. i, M .M ul-tI. at Mr;. BlIorhaid' 1, ,im LIh Isir elt, o prsil-- the
inpineral Post Office. sept Il-(p3i
tei li- nasin i10 proc-irc, as a teacher in his rainmly, a mid-
die aged Isdy qijdlfied 1 lea-h tihe higher branehbesa of an Eag-
lIth edeciijtrs, inrluJding inearuiientlil and ical nrtumic arid draw-
tog., together with ithe Preanch language. To one who can 'urniah
sulti.alciory testimonials of qalificatioaen, with rspecmble refer-
ences as to character, a liberal salary will be given for the in-
aruacntto- o twe pupils. Applications''.s mlbiarcibef
QasA Ua 's, Pstuia Georg.'i st.tty lmant!ookp Is Sa ..'

1 Ian 4-5p9! -

T HE TRUSTEES of be Bladenaaburg Academy infrom
ihe publicthat ih 1 is2 in jiuarion for ihe f-d icai'L,- .f b.-y? and
girl la n.'Iw in hnre- jf the Rev Jhu P-ieke,, eia-istIl by RIF.
rllitlaa i r.iafpr. In itthe Caia'ss un-d rPr.-ur-h are taughi,
muether wilh ihi- Jirini bidprehe f anl El ipiih ed,iraiion. The
4 ri 11i,.i f -I"f I-tietla irbic 11 r' ,u,;tt Il c ', 1s lItl t ailrr'.5 l suil Li m-n-
frik0e, o. duitlutri-sa, it-'i a i uf-cin-mu' i infi in wh-.-h this L
nipltll' .linug- b hr e. been i',irind .:i inl rder lil- ,chain gt f [lie principal,
enable the Trustees lo' rrr.inirJ-n it m id i 1iih .jerice t ihr u. puhli.:. 4
Por the Classics and Preach, inecl-i-lin Ei.lhau, S*? per -lUst-
ter will be charged, for English alone 6t per ,1,nvirtul u
The Principal can necommodaie n linmiuted nainoer if b-y., for
vnl., i- one hundred and ten d-Iollanr w;I be cictie.l.tot i .e p-aid ;
..ei, euiiuailly in advance. Hy rlrJer ,f the Board, -
BE'J. 0. LO N'NDES, ,
,I, ".l-his ci _______I Seicr, "rry.
lj U-tIC TEA( H EH.-A omcura. Lady ..,,ir.iele ,t i-,,each
SMiu3n si d iiuJ sain--s erortin.,' -i. vs M n English elij.'al'ion,
i: Ai :ir i ,-a i r tiiiiing a ritin amjsi c, a i ateaclier in a :i:hO.Jl or prI-
vate family at 'lie ,.; h
Reference to Jonathan Miller, F.4. No. 4 Wall street, New
York city. sept 6-op7t
IS Marlaind.-The ..,--:Sen l-.-ol t'.r b.,,I-, u--.idr the
visitorial supervision ,,f thrhe Bi-ui- o'f I- D-cec- end ih. Rev.
tDr i. .i .t.a,[ ii..'.f Sm P-,-I'a Cjllr N Y. h.- e,.ti e.siamon
of ".. will op-mm ,e M.m:. .I-L- O i.-t-er ,-I], I.-i .' ,illnol men
li.,iu nlhia. d.ilii si i-un t- L. ih t IlaInt r ce ri e if ir4 tr'.i.: l..r, i- ier-
'ice' of a Fren'ch g,,nil-ems as leather If lhe Frenchl tiiugliage,
and of a c,.-inie iili nr in Micau, hive t-een seared Ow.
ingff to the imip.-,r.ri a b-rn:c in E .uro,)p ,. the Re,:.r, tie Right
Ri-,. .i-hot 'c Maryland will at the Hall, an.] ase ihe
jsereiltl ..f the Shi.:- the early part o( ih1s ae-aiin.
si-pm '3-'2iwi0i?-2
Vot V-,ing ,.enii:n.imi, a .dnJj, ul J ,ffirseln tCilise P-nn-
lvarts., h.-i ltii, haid fiv yeits' a ,i-er.'nc i mn leJ- bin4 u. i ifeal-
r-u 'u.-f ,, .airinig a situation, either as P1r,,pul ,Ir inAssiotir, in
9u mie mn uilirtfn Ac deuit.n.itr as i,.-j.r in k priqte ('finilv. Ample
iefiie'mnimtl cana t-e pr-direv l rltis tia am,,mch rlrrhiu., character,
an'd ; i\l in Ia prifF 'sn.
Lasemira ip.e-ipsiiJ) a-tljr;aedl i-j A R iat Meiih-al'ur.,, CiJm-
ilerl/Il n '.,,I-Lu '. Pa w;ll e-c," a prom pi a tPiILiimrt.
JIV '21 -.-rpirl"
IH0 E PPAVII.0I11N iltErEL, Berkeley ptpiiiigs,
Virgila.-The m.ndiautgnedA i- now ren.Je' r It lb. recep-
ii-,n of -'--.mpJny. No painsor eper,-e h-sE iamjec eparel tO make
'he a:c.-rmnu. Jaiaon; a hia house -,1 sli re-.l- Ii.A simile as wmuld be
'ueld' t o itir wants 's-i in' te re a Iaerntleeiunann sd the auhctitnital
c-.inolirt and aitraciitin -' tie place will be funJ fijllvy eqjal to that
Lf" any icIter.
Ti, Be-tL.ird water will bh C. -Lt01,Lly kepl tor ui in harrel,.
tlle la- r -.Jw JOHN NSTROTHER
-SALE--The subsbriber would, a any uinio within the
nrs-l twelse monihe, sell ths etale rmn which lie .eadals, elled
Gavmoni, and, eonj-Jn.'iively, aboul forty fives valuable negroes,
wtnih tihe grrJwing orops, aioks,,and utensils, houreiold fTmrniture,
a.d Bppuas-aasa eid *vrcy Ikaa& U .6aweb %?M0 iiiCe4.e-
as.,ut eci mietvy ot which is arable, and ibe iupiuou'msLaii dahv" [" a
-iited by a cnmIferable rropor',imn l wbhih strikingly deman- ".'-
_.rat.i a i capa.-'y our a aet l hih .legreie of I ,' lI,' from the
.- a tJ ii'arl, asin.ah BbaJunJds In tario'J i -,ivenienil points l The
t-,lrceF ,s in met er an-i pasdurp. Thie bmlidding -.1I sevr ,' laerip-
i .oi ars o,'T1.-ii ,nil o lr 'e ,- ,' r 1 ..,truTinmidi ,ua, 'be le t .1 ,thfil, and
Ihe- tiif.iibu.ri-r,.d ar,-'lv ,dJ in i irgins i ac.l., ,alitough
not exici tri.r, iliham l:- A 'i dti,( e u-uiall dentt Litj iide-
water, this ,.a,j'ne,. Iu muii-,cth of i t-- c a e in tabt ,.,n:liJeraLion
that they are t-rin in'n ahiuir -ilIraru.e, rliaLh e i ntr chai.cier, and
that a refuge, -tr, .enert i L-'-i -,'f a te illum y ticlliC theI a apernce
1" ,I l a, i ha .-I. a i-r-.,vti '-a t,. alirhim m at ,'il.uie, i : .)[ r.ei. in ithe
S -inn,,i t ihe i t iroi. ht- n .nn -,t. AA.j.jeit, r ,h'ie ihwn o" P-Jra [.iyal,
between wh;,:i it ,- e-"4U i t, uiin i,--a ind a hliif *i- a. The. nlty
condition r-qrureul I'mlni pirch,.:cr %ill i', epsriy l.,r Ihe pureU-
fual paynteci tl I it-.: aimr.- inir-mon -iih onrum a tic my b hoP.e,
to ltave unrdcmf. ld.,e -its ,n -: ita w mhpr desuieu., ,nml ihe premi-
ses and tern:.u; -,., in er.v a-'n.-e, by ni' m.non.-.r Mr Jelter,
or my neighbors, Pi, fii L._ht, o ..-t t.r lir hn- i Ti i,' E.,r.'
may Il-w6mep Port Royal, Caroline county, Va.
P. S. Admonished that the above is r.:-t, i,.i in riY takinae to
invite that inspection to which he would r,,iher rf-r sciilti drtsils
Im are -- t1ciiu-' t f' u ( er' r, t i nt IIti'i,, p,,luii l a-R ti. ih a-la e. iE .
Ci I i "ti r. -i-if it mI- A ir-n-'u hr In -llaawmnu r
,. ra.ii ,.ri 1,: I. -i F. d. r .i ti.e rl;i' I trlt's\ I rra u n: ,i|t. in -I;,5ne
is rcenitect4 me diea-c, sin all re'-tril.- r,. ct-l;mav. irrm;tnqing
finrIlls, eih% r il i be 'ii l,n I' it'-e. ; l r-i lt, ur -int.,Sb 1l thi ll ila'aim -
gi-'- ; nerl'Ut inm-'iii.a lte l r.hilj wili Ihe ev,:,pti-p n 'l.f a lsew
.:th'dr'.n 'iinI, Iw.. h .,nPe ": r nM n i re 'Coll) I >i:.. hi ie. l) ;.'4.- [ a. iy
- 'I: g A rN -- in ihe r ,A Pi,.'ri R.-' ,l ti'h tile eii fe
"adw- ,i--s) n .co ifiitl -i.;IBa',' ,n the rier, h.-u the re-tlE nce
-f-i-l' rp irue inF pre ,-i1 im I. im I), wli.ue heltlh ,in, a31 nn ime sus-
t.n-.J 'in-t -lihi?-e t inierilipi '., WC.-IJ ,L L- i.l- .l wnt h the
Fet r- .',. i',ltli I th: i ',-.i-m ty combine m.u--a 1 i-,im ni rtsan-I
embellishment, or more varied attractions, en.-i su-..h as n w-ld only
be ;:. li-i -uth, cr paramount oons aidrationa.
mao t J ti. 1tf.N,iE.
1' HILIP ttLt lIHItB 'LOUHl MIL- t ,fr t H EfNT.
i These Mills, situated oa Rock creek, near the city if
Washington, are now for rent. Possession can be ai an --nme-
drialv. n-rassoon afts the dam shall have been fully repaired,
.t,.1,'h u -1 i. 1 .'l te 01t t-L '-.. -3..n
.'1-t-.I,. uicr e i-u,'l ,, id.i d, a i. r(b ile's -nC., I.i n-rtih G setres'
l,. ie wa i eu- ..1 i, .:.-. is KA TH'f. -FR ,E.
t. i I'<--is 1s .w oAi'.n t frn.r ir t-l .pril[---i ''
f % RA-HALL HOA H 1.i.E, s' .S,
kiin StrIef. Alexandria. I). C.
, ll E untili ,,grie.1, Ir-am 1 tihc N i ,.m al H ,il, W5 hnnt.:,[,, a' -
J IsL-....,lI'|II ; '--, ,acr Bs to hiu frni a r n-i l i.e itiravellng
,in .' i g rieralt, lh lm hi- hia r initrCid i n AI al. 'i'dri), and re'
-m,.in I ne t..'et-itriLy Il Ihf above huusa H II Lh-Ircotuithly
reiiauaitd rn-.] i, iI-e tamlp in o,,nplleme order, insId tll t, himi-
self Lhril r-y Iha II!- H dsJ',u'-I a ,ni',n ipr)n hi s awn pant Jad
S. Iti ,f 1I1, diIL cd.lria lie will h5a abl' in- siue esl tce hanla nlmaun
ito ih.-ase ah mTr ia of tiuojmJ fm iheir te.ninipon)'.
A. NEWTOi,,.
Parties ailnlll MoMutrl Veimmi will always hind his parlnk4 ib
rcasdinaes loI their recsitanm. IIly '3I--2iaw4w
E iI MOTHY EEJ)- n blus6bels -I prime l'Timoihy Seed
W'-fa-^ir~ - --- WP -ItOUG I.AS, a
Flortat and Sedanis, corner of Ibihian.j (i strPats,
opposite Slate Leparnmet.
seit l5-31'f [utlnhemid.artaeiumr A-ia, ',
-l I i- "late- s 'u fi i.f Seuamf el "i. I inrrsi i Co Upper
M rl,,r-.. i ivts a -gnedI ., Ihe nider-.t-uied aln the b.-tok
o at c uil[,in, n... f -n-jia., a Bn',d --ther aviden'acc fl d ebts doi e Iha
said uirun i.I-u be plI;ed when .-lle-iterd i v th, Fivueit of Ithe ,et-is
-f' ithe em-I n1"i. a
IMll pirn-a- de.inu L dlvJ il il'- Immi n i Lm ,f S. Y. Hil-r & l ,-' up-
:ii,, p'.: -' m*.-i-i' .r oihecrn i a )re r inr*fie- 1t. pat ihe a ia e I o
mi ip ,,lJr-, iirC ieJ 1. Ithe I :I ci %epiemir lr ne aI, onda i ha crcdiilos
-f ih- Lid lira I r rc re .ie:.i-iJ lit land iLheir cliih La, h i h- m lirio r-
4V~ l. :,tI{jI((., %U. rn o~il.
Si trHOMAs t_. PRATr.
ea ll5 S I.T lit t.l\ I: NEOTTIL' that i 1-, eii ,rnbers ,hn
U liave etriu i Jud f'--ni iher OrltL-rh.uu' Couri ,,f i 'h'rlr ea -mi.nly,
M ir mInd l-lirtr.,.fad iiiiuiisqrtst hint Ihy p-?rwnialh iteI irf Ga-,rae
R. Sp.-I.lin.l lsine .f .- t col :..ui des i-T e d. All peroars haitng
Ia s wa ism i ,i'' r: i. le-,'ras,:,l are h'rr,:by warnc ii d it eihibi( the
srtff-', |r--pi rlv sUly EriLhlC'id, to) nP t i' it-seiber'n mun i-r bt-i-re itie
tiireenth day ..f March nex ; iher 'maiy ilierwas-e, by1 law, be
.m-I'LJAI iJr.-nm all btrnh .ji l I in 1 J J0 d d--t-,sa 's estate. Given
under tur t hands lIhle ihieler day .fJ Aaguti ll3 ]
ael. C -nc4wer Aiajinisitrti.ra of Ge.mrge R Spildine.
jEEi-T'V Dit-.LAH HI E S AHD.-Ra n uway frm the
S subcnrher, rviiuig near ihe Aleandr Perrv, n Trhe night
of the nih (f Auisat, ner.T ,esn HN \ON hi me t wenty-four or
'weniv fip yeaiu 'a,1 seke, ol-,,ui ties fseei 6 or 7 icheb ehugh, sheli
iale-, irlithi yelluw, walh a full suil .,f hinir ; hbas r'heer s down
tim-uk when -puoSrv tl; n5- ule-b rnarkS rercollte-cie. I brh.uhri him
Ir..n, []ife cegt-hhunrmmed tl Upper MarlhTmiu.uuy, frrin Mr. Morten
" Lansar'., sher' i-e was ranuTd, the Ist r-f Jae'uary lasl ; be has
i.-n-ic rc-latnjmuina us Ihll agh,)h.-',J Is fai er r5 tising an Anco
Arutmadel c.,unty, "-s rhe finri of Mr tWsluer Smnih I am in,'liced
t. ltiive he i.? sill ilrkng In ithe nesiihborh...-.:- of Mr lu[Dar's, or
oliauld hPe hate Iried lu gel Io a free State snd caught thena and
bri,.uhit heitaee ta me ur secured so iea' I ge' him again, I will rive
tho asuhe reward of fitly titllarn' or, it" taken in the [liiuiet oh
Cimoliulbuc or any o"f inch adjOiemg coneuis, I will give iweciy-flve
d.-llar I inn euher race he east be seuere.ed en that I gepi himi, or
bronghitmlme moe. RICHARD I BOWLING.
P S Any communitailut respecting him will be addmeaesd lt
me ae Greenesaille, Pincea George'a county, Maryland.
scp 19--m

. I