National intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00031
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: June 6, 1821
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00031
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text

Vol. XXII.

11' itANS [NI V t;F J[S, VEUNE 1

J o 8.. .

wuafR 1,T.IIMiA s & K I-'t I %r.r, lIf ES Ii s III Io r OFC(ONO Rn
A!, iA sM' IK IIIi TrallRU M.

IU 1.01111111-1li +1.1 r

Siuiia-ai'atir- r ti.e l.e .rtiij -' The efficacy of eaniple is t o gener.,lly t.,t ro
thlto tnd talt. ibe asserltd, and IL ituftcer-. of rank the MaJ..'
w ,suir, To GENERAL ORDER.. attention to their poteusi.n II hey perform
;On aazumig Iit new duties preaci i.ed;d to him tlleit' duty, he c inrt dfobt, c.ornfiding a0 nc ,lue .
by the Depa ltunent o \\'.-,, the Mj.,r Gc,uerJ inm the worth an-. talent .ri t!.e Jininor aitde, Ihat
considers i due to lis situar.i.o t.i a'i .t the at- the.arrty ill be ilr-ingiml.ltd f.i Its dev(i ton 10
tentii.,n .t the aLimy to ccl% tin p)tnta relative to the institutions ., thie r..utilt), and a matl ,,f
its ',Iciplrine and duues. order and .exceile-iice n iHie iihtar..tr pultsitioi.
Tihe state of the military establishinent is of a Lieut. E., Kirln, .Aid DL). .- ip :. t-.he l M.i.,)r
nature ta excitca deep concern flo it-, IIitrest, General, will pvie I. 1i Ii Ic diutE:s of .Adjotar.t ( T h .. ..... ... .. .. neral nf tb'h A i,, i..l. i lth r r dt, -.

i.n it. II lueI" Iaiio llh i vI ich it na. sutlerIei i'tun
the riececsity ofl fLrt sliir, ,ai n vrs-: tajr the nu-
Tr1.1?'try IpaI. l[rlioat, nclurS p.,st5 that lime our inland and niaritilmC
ti T/u;rt itiai;r'- Of./', .i'ieI I)st, If 21. Ioi' I..-t, and tile abu dgrnent ot the sou. Ces ol
Notice is ih.-,-i c;ien, tiat tie unsettled l n'il-'ICtlti'-l, Insepalahle hioin its dispeisd crC.n.
a s fo .r-. pra n, 0 the i o in, t e ..I lkLe lunt'aorahle to It Jdiciplinre. I h
claims for h til- .-.y penr ioni to the dow iind .h, i conbn r-
.-il,'r n '.t cl ... d f. rs :, l s ld ol ltihe cc-s, liat an- ii ai sirtible operaiuu b. a force in-.
militia, i eld,, : 'i., L, a f.rrinile-, and 1o- It 0.nu i itselff, is lost upon bodice's which do not
i .n.i o- .. I tl -.: ifri, l d ".s rid clilC'hren ofe fel the irinfluc no e af contiac, and can tind a tub
any i..i..i.i'r it *-_-..i,., l' oilcert, natit .cm in, ur S tltit .nly ;i ih r t ncre.,' -d d-i ,ti.i i L',LOs
private, enlisted for itcil' it' tile terms of one hlao iare in%-tted with command. Llisciplir.t, imo
ear orihteen mont r longer noih-.ed by a principle of coiiistutiuun-a
year or eighteen months; or any rommissirined
,c 0 o h acti ity, bec-umes in a great degree dependent llua
officer of the regular n,. *,. v ho dtlud in the Pser- ;eis ece r t, he applicastonfJ authority bb) tilus,
vice of the United Sratei, dui iin the' la.e war, i, command, and on tie pi nciple ot obedi i L
'.iAV been transferr-ef. fi,'rn the id',e r cf the Pay in those of subordinate situations,. \'it-ing tlh
Master General to tic I hlid A.-llit'-r Of il. subject a hlie dies, the .Nlaji Gcneial cannot rt
Treasury, for adjustmni.t. A I]e directi.-n has prebs a -olicitu'le for the prosperity a. thie arn..,
-a solicitude lnhcli is ilie'ed c'lit b) a coth-
been given to ith. ai,tcitd cl .imns lor the tree anc i those, byh isc i opet I onl t.i ce-
months' extra pavy to i Inlir-try serving as la- loisi ate tu be s trained. Subordinatiou in lu-
rines on board the ln.t aon .Like Erie, on thIe 10th thority ais the essence of nilliari goiernlIeini,
of September, lb15, :n.rceably to tilhe rst.lution ard it rust be lostered by that respectlul defer.
ofC,.n t:.--I,' fllth 6th of January, 1:31.1 ; and to .eice, lhich i4 du. ftum al officrs teach other,
h ting atrm the Amy, a in their private as well ah nia their offiLial c.,rreb
ihe artrin. Mar'in.c-, I.-en from the Arm), and .pondei,cc.
ervlins; r.n bc.arid the ltet or I. ..e Champlain, The Mjor General feels it his duty forcibly to
'nit tie I Iih ol Septcmber, I..1 t.-grceeably to tilt enjoin on die officers of thle amy the nectsit'
,A-l .li1rn of Congress of the 2 ,th of October, fl naitarining a spirit of lharmiony hamourg thLin-
1814. All claims ..f the aboel de.crI-tion are s~lltes. In adldtnia to the consteratlin that
thereforeto be for -idd c tith office, and the personalschisms tend directly to the subversiomi
d to tn of military order antii diciphline, it % ill be obl iou,
amount o...unJ] due %%ill I.e rinitted to the clhinai- to them that their profession inpo.ses obliga
ants free of any expence. .tions, which do not exist in the other walks Ot
1I'ETR IIAGNER, Auditor. life. Dissentions and c,'ntro\eiAiea among pri-
vate gentlemen affect only the characters of the
inditiduai partie-; while those among military of-'

We are sorry to see it stated in the Savannah
Republican, that the Hon. FriE.EM.a V WALK.R,t
ol Gt-igi:., has designed his seat in the Senate ol
the United Staits.

Governor A'intx, of Maine, resigned the
c.iMce of Governor, on the 25th ult. in conse-
quence of accepting the place of Commissioner
ander tile treaty ith Spain, and was succeeded
by Mr. Williamison, President of the Senate, who,
by the provisions of the constitution, will dis-
charge the duties of Governor the remainder of
Ihe year.
On making his resignation, the governor ad-
di essed ihe Council in an appropriate address, to
which a reply was made by Mr. Wood in behalf
of that body.
Governor King left Portland the next morning
on his wayto Washington.

Dividei'ds.-The Patapsco Insurance Compa-
ny, of Baltimore, his declared a dividend ofthir-
tyfjive dollars per share for the last six months.
In No embner this company declared a dividend
of jiftyj dollars per share.
The State Bank of North Carolina has declar-
ed a dividend for Jhe last six months otfjfur per

The beautiful ship Ulyses, rcl.neing to the
Importing and Exporting Company o, tLhi- town,
pe lornied her voyage to L.verpor'I and back in,
seventy days, taking in and dicharging two car-
goes. When we take into consideration the dis-
tance of this port from Cape Henry light house,
we believe we may say it is much the shortest
passage ever performed, even by the Baltimore
chplipels.- ~ l,.ri'p"lnOt.

Titjalia- '..' homes!-On Friday, P. M. a
porpoise of unusual size was observed in the har-
bor, near the end of Long wharf. Mr. Bakewell
(the young gqntleman who last sumnier caught
the largest shark ever taken in our waters) innme-
.Iia,:l *- i' i," .1 himself wi.h the necessary ap-
-..: at.i s for li t,-. -mii. him, and went in pursuit.
After following him till within 20 feet, he threw
the harpoon with such dexterity mn.l r c,-iion, as
to fasten it directly in the back of1 lhe lishi ; on
which he d.arted through theo at,. with great ve-
locity, drawing the boat after him about two
miles, when, fro-m fatigue and loss of blood, hel
quietly surrendered, and was taken ashore. His
length is more than 9 feet, and his weight about
600 lbs.- -Coni i, Herald.

A Squadron of ships of war and transports
having on board 3066 European and native
troops, with 1611 followers, under the command
Qf Major General bmithi sailed from Bombay,
i !th Jan. for the Persian Gulph, to be employed
against the Arabs.

A Mr. Matthew ..i,'iiicay, aged between' 60
and 70 years, died lately in the Orange county
1ail, N.Y where he had been confined 30 years
for a single debt; six months' imprisonment for
petit larceny, three years for horse stealing, seven
years for manslaughter, and thirty for the crime
of being in debt I

in Georgetown, on Sunday evening, the 27th ult. by
the 1Rev. Mr. Waugh, Mr. JE.xPERSOS Sssroan, to Miss
MIAtetr Artre Srea.rnxS both of Washington.

ficers impair the reputation of the body of a which
they are members; and it is but just to expect
that every gentleman of honorable sentimr.nts will
sacrifice the gratification of his personal enmit)
to the consideration that the reputation of his as-
soci:.t.s will necessarily be involved in the oblo-
quy sthich he draws upon his own. Although it
may be alleged that the distinction which has been
made between the 'military aid the other depai t-
ments of society is an artificial one, and tlist It i-
deducible lithei fiomni the popular j,.alousy of ni-
litaty institutions, than from any principle- of tea
,on or justice; ati admission of. the fact would
form no argument against the existence of tne
propensity to charge upon the body the errors of
its constituent parts; and while the propensity ex-
ists, it is the duty of all to afford no pretext for
its action.
The prevalence of desertion las been an evil
of serious magnitude, and it does not appear to
be justified by a view ot the past condition of the
military establishment. All research in this field
for its causes has been unsatisfactory. The char-
acter of the military profession is honorable;
the soldier is as well provided with comforts as
.the citizen iii common life, and hit occupation is
neither more offensive nor more laborious.There
are restless, discontented spirits in every sphere
ol life, which no indulgence nor kindni--s can bind
to stability ; but these examples do not exist in
sufficient number to justify the range deseittion
has taken in the army. The evil must be refer-
red, in a degree, to an undue se ir'ity, or to the
absence of system in the conduct of officers to-
wards their men. The officer is the depositary
of the rights of the soldier. and the obligations of
his office, as well as the laws of honor and human-
ity, claim a faithful execution of the trust. When
the soldier ceases to regard the officer as his
protector, the-authority with which the laws in-
vest the latter loses its efficacy in his estimation,
The surest renaedy for the evil of desertion is
contained in a rigid and steady discipline. To be
salutary it must possess mb'.r ,hese qualitiei; but
no violation of law can be deemed essential to its
enforcement. Its effect upon the soldier becomes
impaired the moment he feels that the system
which governs him is fluctuating in its course, or
that it violates the principles upon which it is,
founded. The certainty r-f laws comn.lLttes their
principal effica' y, arnci, lhoever scveie restric-
tions may be, dliet are obeyed so long as they are
dispensed by the hand of justice, and not of op-
It should be the study of officers to cultivate
intimate relations with .so- ity, and to attach the
community'to the interests of the army, by ming-
ling, with circumspection and prudence in those
social channels wherein the sympathies of indivi-
duals naturally flow. The objects of military
service are of national concern, and it is but ra-
tional that there should be an intimacy between
the nation and the agents to which its external
defence is entrusted. The affections of the na-
tion constitute the only certain and permanent ba-
sis upon which the .military establishment can
build its reputation. Under a government whose
whole efficacy is derivative, it is apparent that
every subordinate institution must participate in
the general dependance upon the common foun-
tain of power. To the country, then, in its most
enlarged sense, the army must look for the re-
wards of its successes, and for support in the
hour of adversity ; and it is only by deeds of arms
in war, and devotion to duty in peace, that its ob-
ject can be attained.
The nation must be convinced that the army
is progressing in all useful improvements, and
must be made to feel that it is connected with its
safety and' honor. It is in vain that officers com-
plain' of the difficulty of this achievement. It is
called for by the highest duties enjoined by pa-
triotism, and it must be effected, as they value
their own 'reputation and the consciousness of
having performed their duty.

Adults 11
Children 11
Tune 2nd,, 1821.

Iteuth Offlicer.

0 1t ALEXANDE R GILLIES, a Confectioner by pro-
fession, and who followed that trade in this city
about the year 1804. A letter from Scotland statesthathe
is entitled to receive a legacy 6f about ?700,on proper
application. In case of his decesse, this information may
be of service to hlia descendants. It is ascertained that
a son of his, named Henry, a tobacconist by trade, was
seen in Richmonl, Vas. about 18 months since, and that
one of his daughters was married to a man of the name
of Cozine, in this city. Any person interested in this
information may apply personally, or by letter, post
pa d,, to Mr. Frederick Henn, Grand street, between"
the .Bowery and Chrystie street, New-York-.
New York,. may 30-


Ball HI..ore .DI t Q ie,'il hMaIV1

Vi Lil c r l'il y- Ull-l "It UJIL I III UV I-.

71 .

_ ______~ _~_ _~

I i I .

'Aitll'.lV L l' 1I l1I : ,ih ,t:1.Ss.
SNi,'_,ltiiOLi. tA\ 3d,.
W e have ihc s t'at i ,ci .i to a;.iii e,1' r i rIe ai i-
val of tiai (tIrh e i e .ai 1' i r.gate C,:,i Lue-, C,.C -
iIa I John DL. H..rt'ie i, -1t1 .ais'' pais-5.ie hi ,ni
1 0io Jan Ii r. hL i ol: a ihili e str u.iy .f.i',.
il a'1, a 1to 1t I .)'t.l ,ck ,I. 'r b .' g lhen
iaboutt 5' I-' thitani, .ii t nr hortn d in t.,-..Ji.tL.li
ltadci I 6 'cr.'loc P 0i
Capt H.-nlrv. Saih.t; Mai,ter L wtcop, -ni hlhice-
of rithe ir.i ip cr. camr'e up to town las' nhight
in tii. sie m b6-io iea-H r,c.
I honias Snimpitr, E q. laIe Mliniistr of il k
United St tes to Rio J:,icl..., Mit ii his lair. Il .
tr. Th'Tnpson, mneri I it, ,f Plh]lalelpliha, fr'en:
i'hina; and Mr. Price, ,,f B uton, came p.s-.ssnr
c;ers in ilih. C.'iress.t
SCapt Henley also gave passage home from
Rio, to s-'eral Aui. ic..ns, se -faring mei.-
S,.ong h.nm arec Mr. C.ane, .,I Boston, andl Mr.'
Ot ayv ol I'lhilalel lila.
The otli-cis i, :iv al' in er-'d health., ard tlir
crew, wirhl th li c(xcLotilionil 11 hav e r ily rec,-
vered from the afflicting nialidy iihi h, in the
space of a few months, h-.s cu' oil 73 of theiir
iinh,ber ; and, uahlithit;l it- r ,vagVi s have been
chit fli cor.fined to the clen,'I iecrv'ice 1las iit
lament the loss of a valuable :und pronii.-.inrg .Ri-
cer in the d:ath ro Lieu. \ illiam Nichols,c'ini
mand.n noffTicer of the Malines; a .initlci.nan iri
private lift, a- in the Navsy, high estecilned an '
respected. He died at Rio J.troeiio, on lihe 2*4t.1l
of March, after an ilrlnes, of three nmonihe, orca-
sioned, as we learn, 'iv 'ainig lthe salt hliaths laile
under an attack of dysentery. lHis rem-ir,,i were
interred at Rio, 'ithi military) hourrs, thi British
officers in that port, and the public authorities,
uniting with those of the ship on the mournful
The service has also been derived 'fr a wor-
thy and skilful warrantmir,.itr, in the deathofthe
boatswain, Mr. Joseph Pic:keras, ol Boston. He
was carried off b) thet (.'iholia M.Nbus, on the
6th of December, ile d.:y ,ii w i.-hI thie ship left
Manilla, after an illness .tf '.Oily 6 l. ut' s !
W\'e learn that, ult the lillti -lay *nit froi n Pi.,
Midshipman Purter fell from the mize'n top, and
had his skull fractured in six places ; but, by the
skill of the surgi,-l den.citnialt, we ale happ to
state he has been restored to nearly as goud .cslit i.
as he before enjoyed.
The Macedonian had not arrived, but was daily
looked for.
A French line of battle ship and frigate arrived
from around Cape Horn a few days previous to
the sailing of the Congress, bound to Fiance.
Rio Janeiro is represented to be in a very un-
settled state,filled with troops, who are continual-
ly shouting the Constitution," without appear-
ing to understand for what they would contend.
A fleet of onr.; line of battle -l'.i;, twoI l'ritateis,
and several mnelc liriarnen, wai lying. at Rio,
waiting to cons ey Kingr_ J hnr, t.o Lisbon, thitlier,
it was said, all the lI.iei1n inilrtstersi would ac-
company him. Tie Ik et was to sail on the Iltth
instant, and Don Pedro %t as to assume the go-
veintment on thedepl tuoe of ti King.
*Specie was extremely scatt: ir: consequence
of the heavy drafts made on the Banks, by King
John, to carry to Portugal, t I. h.id pledged all
his jewels to appease the dissatisfaction mani-
fested on this account.
The markets at Rio were very dull for inmost
articles of American produce; dour was F10 50
per bbl.
The Congress has brought home a variety of
natural curiosities.

Capt. Watts, ofthe brig Alexander, from Port-
au-Ptince, informns that, on his passage out, off
Cape St. Nicholas, he was boarded by a piratical
brig, called the Aspurqua, captain Pelot, and
plundered of some cabin stores; lie further states,
that the west end of Hispaniola swarms with
these picaroons, and that not a vessel arrives at
Port-au-Prince, but reports some depredation
committed on them by these freebooters.
JIarkets at Port-au-Prince.-Flour :10; rice
S6; every other kind of American produce dull
-Coffee, 26 cts.

Report of Deaths in the City of 'Washington for
the month of Jlay, 182 i.
Sore Throat 3 Casualty 1
Fever 2 do (colored) 1
Convulsions 1 Parturition 1
do (colored) 2 Clolic (Non resident) 1
Consumption 4 Worms 1
Typhus Fever (Non resi- Hooping-Cough (colo.
dent) 1 red) 1
Dropsy of the Brain 2 Intemperance' 1
Total 22

GE.NLrLEM.hN : i C*n', it niy.duty, as an Ame-
ritan a Itizei, aind fei nm re.-s ,tr.e l'riend of tiuth,
to avei ihat, il ithe ran o.,i'l a la hiuish O11 ttit'
conrerniuig tit aiinl.ack o \Va.ialuntluno, the imroi't
m etri, leateurt. ,u tnat iransaction, and that
ihich, V.tov -all others. -f ive to c hil .d teS risOe ile
w hilc etiu.r .nz-,. is grussl) n mif e:,resentdl. F11li
n.isli rescniation having een i.opltd aliti) tIli
Naii l r Inil lit' t eih>n.;i otl it is n.' is initi, and si.ntl-
in ,htifc: eiitLUt 1 .,r iiciilai contil.ddic.io imighti
hereafter beco-ne con=:ec ate., as nauttcr 01 sober
and icll authenticated iiitory
I lie -'s-sertin to vhich 1 altude, is that .'ihere-
in th. in,rr.i>r affirms iliat, scarcely laid the
party ba-nri)(ii/!efl eIlttretd the stteeft t..an tli1,.
%\ r'e flied upiJll-i Ii m iLh InJ d iy it e ihi u
se., anri the h rse ol Ih1 ltern. al hini, It, i'h.
aeOeal m ni1d' 'hlifm, .'.- kilietd, I" iLt Ii A'L -. l,
'v ibes.ra"'TirEt .r --i.-< u-.ui jn .fi b1 *-, alir,.t D
r iach .ft l. i f ,atli o, r U o ttTrrionl,-. ...
tio' of evrn indlitidual, l'ioni the G ii-Ial It'nn
selfdi. n to ithe privtil suldilei."
It ii kr.own tovou iha I wa- tlh' atent appoint-
ed lv thie Con-mmissary Generai, I-:, ithe exchange
of p isoliers and the medium of in t.. tou, -e he-
tween the G ierriniennt anl Thce cr.einy, in ti,,.
wAters ofthe Ch'lic ,eker, du i,,g ih- 'a.'a. 1.
dutlie -s -'I this se-'.iice brought .-e \try I ut-,.i nti}
incomniany ithb their cornniaindn ri lci, I,'i
the time b ingi, and witn none so ..ltu r, ats L1'
Adiiir.al Corh-ii. n *,
In convcts:alion with him very soon ',fier the
ci, lavi.,tiain of tlie- C'.pin..l ni Ptes.iJeit's
House, that pr'orceding i:ts codiloniraed hI n.c
in terms si h as thlie ocit:isiur jurSiti tl ; 'hiere-
upon le, sho was decidedly the mniIt acive ficee in 1 c exp, dition," expreisli st:it d ttit at
th lime the gun nas faiid hijm the h useI, t lich
killed General Russs horse, he arid he General
har' alre dyq halnld to confer ab,.ut the b,,tiniira I-1
the Cuipitol; that the nie.sure had already hb'ti?
propuos.d, and was then tht subject ol dtlib. ra-
tion lie said not one word about any ),lajg L '.
truce," nor did he aienmpt to jaslily the act ; ion
the contrary, he said he had, upon ful ttitr Iellec.
tion, experienced, much regret that it should-
have been dtne, and declared that, if it were re.-
vocable, it would not be -rpeaied uniler similar
circumstances So mrich for our '* dirctf viola-
tion oifthi' la' fnltiur.,"' oil which he English
narrat,.r relics. as the. -.anh ground ol jiistilicatior
for a proccetiing lhich minust forever -tanp with
bai.t rity all otht.ili'L e Idrinang and gdallant enter-
To bear the iesponsilility of this statement,
and to give to it a more authentic aid documen-
tary cast, you may, if you see proper, sanction ,it
with thenam(eof
Your obedient servant,

*1 am here called upon, by a sense ofjustice, and by the
recollection of many little offices of liberality and kind-
ness, which mr.ay be mutually and honorably employed
to mitigate the rigors of war, to attest the candor and
courtesy which marked the conduct of this officer dur-
ing all the intercourse which I, as flag officer, held with
him during the war. 1 could relate mia i itct- and anec-
dotes to jusil tli' ajckrinuledgrment in the estimation
even of th'.-e h.:. etertaeir, of hiin te most unfavorable
opinion. To l.ie mrnere% is a gre.iLt virtue; but to do
justice i; an A ..' ,:i re ,i .


IN D 1.N S.
When I said, in my communication of yes.
terday, that there %tere no barriers, iiatural or
otherwise, to the complete c iliizarin of the
North American Indian," I meant none that at-
tached to the Indian character. But there are
barriers' which lie in the way to this Work, and
which require to be removed before the reform-
ation can proceed with the celerity licI oiu ;liit
to mark its advances. And why should a work
of such vast importance be'left to force its way
amidst evils, not one of which ought to be per-
mitted to oppress or retard it, and when, too,
they are all within the power of the government,
If the work of'Indian civilization can, as it has,
overcome the opposition against which it las had
to contend, so as It lift itsclh into the public view,
and recommend itself' to the confidence and sym
pathy of our citizens to the extent' it has already
reached, what might not be expected to result
from the same system, unincumbered by the
weights which now hang upon it.
Thiisis the time to give to tis noble tinder
taking all the fair play which it merits, (and with.
out which even its failure c0uiltd not be censured,)
and all the strength, as well that which arises
from a complete defence of it% outwork as that
which ought to constitute its necessary supplies.
Yes, this is the time, for the Indians themselves"
are alive to the importance of the work; so much
so that one tribe (the Choctaw's) has given out of
their annuity, for fifteen years to come, the sum
of six thousand dollars annually, besides cattle,
&c. &c. to be appropriated to the use of the
mission which is in operation in their country.
Let this feeling, which is so practically set forth
by these people, be responded to by the govern-
ment, and there is n< thing which would so clear-
ly evince to the Indians the iiunanit. and good
will of the government, as that it should rid
them of their very worst enemies; and these are
by universal consent admitted to be the selfish
and avaricious of our country who harass and
wrong them at all the points out of which it is
possible to extract gain. These are the persons
on whom the Indians look with something like
instinctive dread, and they aremoie feared by
the missionaries than every other terror which
the fancy is capable of associating with the toresis.
Pecuniary advancement is placed by such per-
sons in advance of every other consideration;
and as to the reposq and honor of their country,
'or the quiet and welfare ',f the Indians, these
are considerations oh hut -ec-ondiry imp.rrt,:nce.
It is desirable, for the sales of the experiment

alin o, even ilrhugh the Indi-ns -.nd the hc.n.-.r of
our cu nriti y n ere not iriro.:c-tel in 1 .T i- '.
I;, Lhatl ee -rv pl ic:.ib.: -e.l ti.'iI i'. s.n !.
I .d In, rand .viery id of whillchl i ''W j.' l i- -.-
ccptille be h en, iia ordi. r tr. :e-It Ilh. ,- .1eion,
((as it e ,:ms- et n )c 1 toi be : *uCStion. atndl by "x
I ,. it d I.'ring out i- co rseq'Jc.: fl. le helu
and i] e [1i,,tc i..ll %% iltrl, ],rc r uet .d oughtt i1."t
to be w-itllin ild ; fo; how casy is it ir Lhe inler-
ested ( rnd tl'i ."*e those h h i ;t ie .n rebtcdl wi
kee,.ir..- tie Irt iia s ini thie -.:t a-, :a : 3 t, n ako.
bieaclh'" iipih tihe -Vyrl m whiJc i.--. b t.. Llt lip
indl pit in operation Ior Inrdian civltiati.-n '
\Vhi.t is monie withinn the rlIah tof s5ich pCer:os
.iain ti le el inmeit ,, \ia 1 ; a:,d 'ho 1 c r c- not ., e
whiait inrold %i iI r'Oi?,d r kn :ke, cOln ehi te
niiost imlp.'o ed put i:im- ol uL ,l Iii'.alin poI ul:.liun,
and hliw de'=t:t-uc te ait wAuld be to ithe hopes of
thiiue w'lto maie lai, iin tu introduce tinihem within
the pale 0of cih irlli.ji) -
It iS not nece., sai s, h,..etor, .O kliin ;e, a w.r.,
o, to LaLre h t it, sa .!c tir-s, ,t duttr v tihe
pi'r i nt grar il) ing l o-1 : tilii ciii t' .e s cl-
kctuoally ,.I. b i. m r r linitl, id r :l i4:tal pro-
ce.- P id. c' n m y i .- D.. d. .,td thi
4lz '-7 ..' ,, rn.'_. .I '. .. '.Z' pIrp, r nsi-
tic-., .re ilhie 'l .y .tr n' 1i--, 11 1i- a- --- -
by the mnstt 1,1't .enc If ti r shl'i be-.
come pr juditrd.J, .nd tki e a t..i-.i, .a:i.-t tlh
ref..rm action, their childr. i, ci., li..-n tI.c chii .'
Iel;,ince l"i' the clh:r,- A pl c-d -a '.1 t -. onm
I.l, an.1 thil se, ro., ii, g ol,, r'lci' ,. e ti .%-,ir, v ill sj rin
ac uiieIn tL I I I arl f 1 :n i 1., I l-ir :p -
rc rpif% ; a11 ,.1 'iVl U 0 ",i ,,i;. ". t il ,11 '--" Ill Lc !',: l.
arnd the ,i i t .h v i- b i ir- t ir c!l -
l ati..n I.,r* ti i i But, it i .tzl ii',IC .u-. rni
he rlft of thcihl inilu rce e d i .'.l I tire In-
i n ar e t Ict .l:'nr' i ci v I. i m-rt n l ol':,erni lih3
: i s rei .I,'7j d-, -anri t '-i : .th t lite
IT. 'An I'rfi lb i ,,trres I ,i. a.i '.I : ii ;I 'It I i .., r.ITuj
to tctlh-it iass beer, so lron mikn ng it-,.t ,,,1 .-,t-.
to thenm- ticre need be n, I d ,L.tI ti i-iit. 1 i t L,.P
oie ge1 .i ',n I pll i .L eriLt t:. hel ,i: -.lit 'i
i-I l ,01ld 1i i-.1 ,1 r o ltoL ri .ii )1. r cil7 '. 1 ',i: li ,:I-
tie icde carried chldlt r, t th ir i r ;' i .' iii ot'
(.CL.up) r ( ,,f .ur I n. 1rf I rl,'r r.i ... .... -i .a i
thie wa) of the iiddr:ir-,t iritsc :.'..I % iI lt '.e
cli.irnii ,fa con ;-leie rini ...ern ni'., .idJ fit;er i..
paidt.ipate in our (on-iloli pl ia -..
u S L iC.\N


G inftiper,: A jjuricton, it app-Irs, has f :r;
place between the Hudson B:Ay -ad North \\ 's"
S,.riinani es. 1 he cr'nat1ionr i-. .uai to' be "it..'i-
cious." The reason as.igried ii, th c '- ill 1 -
reqi'.-dl in futuie no m..re go~, d Ij, b. Sent to
thile Indian country than ill antior..t tO o .)hi;-rl'rd
of the allioulr l 't lt tinder the I'Uin .r -I itv o
things; that is, bet.,ie the L.Lumtpari]-is 'u-ce
joined. .
T. he policy, it iill beh i '-r.rke is c l1.:, j U-
dicitdus:" let i.s se h,,'. 'i he it..) Companies-
jtiia iithied have each tof them, thle.i interests to
promote, a:rd theicirre .arlh lit sell t.)uind
give in exchange for fiirs, kc. :,. nu,. s mig't
induce the Indians to be their dealers respective-
ly. It was not likely that an Indian would give
his six doll rs' worth of furs to one of these- tCom.
panies for tNwo) dollar s, when the other would give
their value. Hence they were in the way of each
other. It was found out to be much easier t6o
oppress the Indians than to give up any part of
,their gains, and now we see the judiciousness of
the coalition. It consists in the power which
the one Company has to exact o[ the Indians to
take one-third of the rqi.i tity of goods for the'
same articles which us'id to C. mn, .,1 th'e three-
thirds ; or, in other words, what ab Indian u'scd to"
get six dollars for, he nti lo n b* )l_.ii ',a to give
for two. Hence it is, there a1ii be i--..;., n. only:
one-lhiird of the amount of goods which, before'
the juncti iii of the Companies, used to be distri-
buted to the same Indians. Now this is down-
right fleecing, and fleecing with a vengeance, anit
fleecing people who are enri..iid,l. the consider-
ation of their -poverty 'and helplessness, to the
exercise of ttie best and most benevolent consi-
derations -t hicl the human heartis sstaeptiblkn
But this, I shall be told, is the Grit"isit policy,
or rather the policy of British traders. I shall
like to be informed of the (iijffeence between a
British and an American Intdia'ftrader. It were
easy, to furnish portraits of tlhse two brothers,'
but the first may be taken as so exact a ilkenss
to the last, as to render the task of dra-Wing. ai-'
other unnecessary ; for,
Wli,,t n,;tghy .v.;(r'i .nce' cin there be ,
i.L i' t':o l-.,liuii andi tweedledee i"

Mail atnd .Accommodation ..i ,

'--'- -- -'-'

From Petersburg t0 B. 1ii..r throughh Wash-"
ington City, in 35 houi'rs Fare S 18 50.
inlE Mail Coach leaves Petersburg every evening on
the arrival of the Southern Mail, and arrives in'
Richmond at 4 A M Startfs from Riclimond at 5 o'clock,'
A. M. and arrives'at the Steam Boat before dark, and in'
Washington City next sborning at 6 o'clock.
By this arrangement passengers are expedited more
than 24hours, and the fare through is cheaper than by
any other raute. The proprietors pledge themselves
thdt every attention shall be paid to passengers (both
on the road and in houses of accommodation) that can be'
Return. the Post Coaches leave ltialimore a 5 A.
M. every day, arrive ir' Washingto'. tvty to the S enm
Boat t 12 and arrive in Frederiksiburg a.t j M.'
(!hei.-l'"? tl'o pa ,eav.,r. ,; .,! I..,1_i r andt into .t, in.r'irrd
at hlil pet, *- I' M. the next day, and lo'gc i- n Peties' -
bure. In order to efft.t this iTrs' giement the j)ropri-'
tors front. Richmond to Petersburg have prniuded'l good-
Mail Coaches for the express purpose of carrying those
passengers that are under the necessity of' hurrying on,.
and prevent dilai inRicbmond, sornach complit;,ed of'
('-Charlottesvilte. Conch leaves Richmiondr on Tues-
days and Fridiys, at 6 o'clock, A. M Fare reduced to
Six Dollars. "
Wiliamrsburg Stage leaves Richmond on Mondari,
Wednesday, and Fridays, at o'clock, A'. M. I-';
Five Dollar.
Riciruond Stage Office,Union Ilotel,june 4-dlww ',:'


The author of jVarrative of the Campaigns of the Bri-
tish army at Washington and JVew Orleans, gives a parti-
cular account of the movements of the fleet from the
Chesapeake to Jamaica, and thence to the neighborhood
of New Orleans, of the landing of the troops, and of the
several actions before the city. After describing the
unsuccesasful attack upon our lines from their batteries
en the first of January, he proceeds to give the follow-
ing account of the assault which was made on the 8th.
4 It was determined.to divide the army, to
Fend some across the river, who should seize the
enemy's guns and turn .them on themselves;
while the remainder should at the same time
make a general assault along the whole entrench-
ment. But before this plan could be put into exe-
cution, it would be necessary to cut a canal
across the entire neck of land, from the Bayou de
Catiline to the river, of sufficient ,'width and
depth to admit of boats being brought up from
the lake. Upon this arduous undertaking were
the troops immediately employed. Being divid-
ed into four companies they labored by turns,
day and night; one party relieving another after
a stated number of hours, in such order as that
the work should never be entirely deserted. The
fatigue undergone during the prosecution of this
attempt., no words can sufficiently describe; yet
it was pursued without repining, and at length,by
untemitted exertions, they succeeded in effect-
ing their purpose by the 6th of January."
[He proceeds to state, tha-t in the mean time maj. gen.
Lambert unexpectedly arrived with two full regiments,
miusiering 800 effc-tive men each-and that with the ad-
diiiobn of a body of sailors and marines from I lie fleet,
their n-ube- .-n6amainte-to-little short of8Q0.en
tie sa, rit ''- s",*': .various reports of ftlife American
forceT ..'i s, ,'i..g' ir, at 23, and others at 30,000.-
lie suppo-Ls 25,000 to be about the probable number.]
The canal, as I have stated, being finished on
the 6th, it was resolved to lose no time in mak-
ing use of it. Boats were accordingly ordered
for the transportation of 1400,men; and Colonel
Thornton with the 85th regiment, the marines
and a party of sailors, were ordered to cross the
river. But a number of untoward 'accidents oc-
curred, to spoil a plan of operations as accurate-
ly laid down as any in the course of the war. The
soil through which the canal was dug being soft,
parts of the bank gave w ,y, and chaaking up tihe
channel, prevented the heaviest of the boats from
getting forward. These again blocked up the
passage, so that none of those which were behiinv
could proceed, and thus, instead of a flotilla tLr
the accommodation of 1400 men, only a nu,;ber
of oo, ts sufficient to contain 350 were enabled to
reach their destination. Even these did not ar-
rive at the time appointed. According to the
preconcerted plan, Colonel Thor tion's detach.
tnent was to cross the river i..ir.,ediately after
dark. They were to push forward so as to car-
ry all the batteries, and point the guns before day
light; -when on the throwing up of a rocket, they
were to commence fi:in, upon the enemi 's hn,,
which at the same moment was to be attacked by
the main body of our army.
I.) this n:anner was' one part of the force to
act, while the rest were thus appointed. Divid-
ing his tro,'ps into three columns, Sir Edward
directed that general Keane, at the head of the.
95th, the light companies of' the 21st, 4th, arAd
44th, together with the two black corps, should
make a demonstration, or sham attack upon the
right; that general Gibbs, with the 4th, 21st, 44th
and 93d, should force te enemy's left, while gen.
Lan.bert with the 7th, and 43d, remained in re,
herve, ready to act as circuos'.ances might re-
quire. But, in storming an entrenched position,
orni..ti,,: mnoie than bare courage is required.
Scaling ladders aniw fascines had, therefore, been
prepared, with which to fill up the ditch and
mount the wall; and stice to carry these vas a
service of danger, requiring a corps well worthy
of dependatace, the 441h was f,.r that purpose se-
lected, as a regimeL.t of sufficient numnerical
strength, and already accustomed to American
warlare. Thus were all things arranged on the
night of the 7th; for dhe 8th)was fixed upon as
the day decisive of the fate of New Orleans.
While the rest of the army, therefore, lay down
to sleep till they should be roused up to fight,
Colonel Thornton with the 85th, and a corps of
marines and seamen, amounting in all to 1400
men, moved down to the brink of the river. As
yet, however, no boats had arrived; hour after,
hour elapsed before they came; and v hen they
did come, the n-isfortunts which I have stated
above were discovered, for out I. all that had
been ordered up, only a few made their appear-
ance Still it was absolutely necessary that thi.s
part of the plan should be carried into execution.
Dismissing, therefore, the rest of his followed s,
the Colonel put himself at the head ol his own re
giment, about fifth) seamen, and as many marines,
and with this small force, consisting of no .orec
than 340 men, pushed off. But, unfortunately,
thie loss of time nothing could repair. Instead of
reaching the opposite bank, at least by midnight,
dawn was beginning to appear before theboats
quitted the canal, It was in vain that they roweo
on in perfect silence, with oars n filerd, gaining
the point of debarkation without being perceived.
It v as in vain th t they made guod their landing
and formed upon the beach, without opposition
or alarm; day had already broke, and the signal
rocket was see: in the air, while they were yet
four miles from tre batteries, which ought hours
ago to have been taken.
In the mean tinte, the main body armed and
moved forward some way in frontof the piquets.
There they stood waiting for d.y-hlght, and lis-
ter.ing with the greatest anxiety for the.. ft ing
which ought now to be heard on the opposite
bank. But this attention was exerted in vait,
and day dawned upon them long before they dt-
sired its appearance. Nor was Sir Edward
Packenham disappointed in this part 6f his plan
alone. Instead of perceiving every thing in rea-
diness for the assault, he saw his troops in battle
array, indeed, but not a ladder or fascine upon the
field. The 44th, which was appointed to.caury
them, had either nitsunderstood or neglectel thair
orders; and now headed the column of attack,
wihlout any means being provided for crossing
the enemy's ditch, or scaling his ram art.
The indignation of poor Packenham, on this
occasion.uay be i:!'aginedi,but cannot be describ-
ed. Galloping towards colonel Mullens, who
led the 44th, hie comnianded him'instantly to re-

turn with his regiment for the ladders, but the
opportunity of plantilig them was lost, and though
they were brought up, it was only to be scattered
over the field by the frightened bearers, for our
troop, were by this tint visible to the ene!,;y. A
dreadful fire was accordingly opened upon them,

and they were mowed down by hundreds, whilst when we were commanded to halt. The real---- ---- --
they stood waiting for orders. state of the case had now reared us, and the COMMLN I CATIONS.
Seeing that all his well-laid plans were frus- same messenger who brought the melancholy
treated, Packenham gave the word to advance, news, brought likewise an order to return. [PROM ,A. WSTER coRiLttSPO)ENT.]
and the other regiments leaving the 44th, with the The place where we halted was in rear of a ca-
ladders and fascines, behind them, rushed on to nal, across which was thrown a wooden bridge, INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.
the assault. On the left a detachment of the 95th, furnishing, apparently, the only m-ans of passing. No. II.
21st, and 4th, stormed a three gun battery arid At the opposite end of this bridge stood a collec- That Congress should turn their attention to
took it. Here they remained for some time in tion of wooden cottages, and one chateau of some objects of internal impr-vement, with a view to
the expectation of support; none arriving, and a size. Here a company was stationed to serve the more perfect union of the states, sees not
strong column of the enemy forming for its re. the double purpose of a piquet, and a rear guard ; to-admit of controversy. A we eto expend mil-
covery, they determined to anticipate the attack, while the rest of the troops, having rested for lions for defence against the invasion of a fore n
and pushed on. The battery they had taken was half an hour, bec jr, th,e march towards the point enemy? And shall we take no forethought kor
in advance of the body of the works, being cut off where they had landed. the security of our internal p.La,. V? Are we in
from it by a ditch, across which only a single As soon as t;e main body had got sufficiently no possible danger from ourselves ? Look at the
plank was thrown. Along this plank did these on their way, the piquet likewise prepared to fol- preamble of the constitution, and to the instru-
brave men attempt to pass: but being opposed by low. meat itself, and see if to protect us in this re-
overpowering numbers, they were repulsed; and But., in d'iiig so, it was evident that some risk aspect, is not a leading feature of it. Let us, then,
the Americans, in turn, forcing their way into the must be run. The enemy having rallied, began follow up its spirit by every means in our power,
battery, at length succeeded in re-capturing it once more to show a front; that is to say, parties that we may bind ourselves together effectually
with immense slaughter. On the right, again, of sixty or a hundred men now approached to re- and forever. In this case the children are not
the 21st and 4th being almost cut to pieces and connoitre. These, however, must be deceived, only to stand in the place of their fathers-they
thrown into some confusion by the enemy's fire, otherwise a pursuit might be commenced, and are to stand in a much broader place than that
the 93a pushed on and took the lead. Hastening the re-embarkation of the whole corps hindered of their fathers. And our wisdom is to con-
forwa d, our troops soon reached the ditch, but or prevented. The officer commanding the pi- nect the western waters with the sea-board by
to scale the parapet without ladders was impossi- quet accordingly formed his men, and made a roads and canals, till we have so tied together
hle. Some few, indeed, by mounting one upon show of advancing. Upon which the Americans the east and the west, as it were, with chains of
another's shoulders, succeeded in entering the fled; when wheeling about, he set fire to the cha adamant, as to create a moral impossibility ot a
works, but these were instantly overpowered, teau, and, under cover of the smoke, destroyed separation. A less sum than would be sufficient
most of them killed and the rest taken; while as the bridge and retreated. Making all haste to- for one item of our national defence on the sea-
to,ny as stood without were exposed to a sweep- wards therear, he overtook his comrades just as board would do away piacially the great bar-
ing fire, which cut them down by whole conrpa- they h d begun to embark, when the little corps river to the commerce between the eastern and
nies. It was in vain that the most obstinate cou- being once more unii J, entered their boats, and western states. (It is hardly necessary to remark
rage was displayed. They fell by the hands of reached the opposite r..ih without molestation." that by the eastern states, we n,e.,n all th1 -. -ic-,
men whom they absolutely did not see; for the and parts of states east of the Alleghany moun-
Americans, without so much as hliltn; their fa- NOTICE. tains.) And what are a few millions of dollars,
res above, the rampar,-swung their firelocks by ;~.~e, a Steam gEnme ny o iler, &c. in perfect or. laid outupon such an object; even if the money
one arm over the wall, and discharged them di- jL der, of a twelve horse power. It has been worked were thrown away for every other purpose ?
rectly upon their heads. The whole of the guns, in a saw mill for a short .ime, and carried two saws with This, however, is not the case. There is no
likewise, from the opposite bank, kept up a well great effect The engine can be applied to any other d,]ubt as to the commercial advantages of bring-
directed and deadly cannonade upon their fla.k; I purpose It will be si. cheap o close a concern. En- n hestay estrn
S l quire of Johnu White, M'rehant, Philaielpnhia. ing the staples of th e west directly to an eastern
and thus were th.-y destroyed without anopppr- aprilu2-w4 market. Ithas been supposed, indeed, that the
tunity being given of displaying their valor, or ob- _. .. ........... .. course down the Ohio and Mississippi was. at
training so much as revenge. NJotice to Purchasers of Public Lands. least necessary to the western country. We con-
Poor Packenham saw how things were going, 1P, u,,iS,,, riespec-,;i ,amur.. ... taio rsns tend, that with respect to a great portion of the
and did all that a general could do to rally his 10to purpose to avail themselves of the benefit ot .west, that it is neither necessary, nor is it theif;
broken troops. Riding towards the 44h, whirl the act of Congress of the 2d March, 1821, grantingng, i o
n 1 r relief to purcasrs of public lands prior to st July interest, that it should be so. It is as truly their
had returned to the ground,but in great disor', ~820,".hat tley willhave the tbrms of thedeclarations and interest as that of the seaboard, that they should
he calltid out tor colonel Mullens to advance; but rehiquishments, prescrnoed by the Treasury Depart be able to come directly to this market, and they
that officer had disappeared, and was not .to be mentt under the said act; and that these will be furnish- will certainly F.1.l the way to it, if the channels
found. He therefore prepared to lead them on ed upon application to those who may be pleased to em are once opened to them. This is already teited,
himself, and had put himself at their head for pIoy the age cy Ot tis office in availing themselves of in some measure, by the roads that have been
ihat purpose, when he received a slight oud, J n purchasers of public lands are also informed that, made. By these,- the almost impassable Alle-
in the knee from a musket ball, which killed his in every case where i is intended to appointthesubscr- ghany mountains are levelled before the travel-
horse. Mounting another, he again headed the. bers, as Attorneys, to make their declarations or relin- ler; and an easy communication is opened be-
44th, when a second ball took effect more fatally, quishments, it will be necessary to execute to them a tween the waters of the east and the west. The
ai.d he dropped lifeless into the arms of his aid- power ofattorney, distinctly stating the object of the ap- Cumberlnd road particlaly is atunnl poi
de-cap pointment, which must be authenticated agreeably t,) C'umberland road particularly is a tunnel poit-
e-camp. the laws of the state where the principal res des ti the ing to the seat of government, and opening to a
Nor were Generals Gibbs and Keane inactive: time and be accompanied with the first certificate, to-' country which might contain the population of
riding through the ranks, they strove by all means other with the evidence of payment subsequently made, Europe. And, if it be continued to St. Louis,
;..! encourageheh assailants, and recall the fugi- loridi:.e rpos 0 escribin the section, half section, will be practically bringing thle Mississippi seve-
iives, tidl at length both were wounded, and borne quarter section, hal quarter section, ftractlion, or legal a, ah bng h 1s p
Stfield All was now n nd division, tbe reinquihedor not relinquished. And ral hundred miles nearer the seat ofgovernett.
off the field. All was now confusion and dismay. in cases where it i intended to make complete payment When this is done, the State of Misson i Will be
Without leaders, ignorant of what was to be done, of the balance due, by availing themselves of the rleduc- better accommodated in going to it, thaui if the
the troops first halted, and then began to retire, tion of 371 per cent. therefrom, agreeably to the 4'h public buildings could be placed upon the Ohio,
till finally the retreat was changed into a flight, section of the saidact, the said certificate and evidences as the roads are at present.
and they quitted the ground in the utmost disor. are indispensable i order to ascertain tie pp cation of fact, the settlement of the est is going
ie But the rtrt was covered in a llan te amount heretofore paid on account of' the purchase In fact, tl e settlement (f the west is going on
er. tBut the retreat was covered in a gallant money of the tract previous to relinquishment; the a-. with a rapidity which, without the aid of govern-
style by the reserve. Making a forward motion, mount paid on the whole tract including discount, but ment, would carry them too far beyond the reach
the 7th and 43d presented the appearance of a re- exclusive of interest; the balance due, to be paid by of the ordinary improvements in roads and other
newed attack ; by which the enemy were so much transfer, cash, or by instalments; and the excess of the accommodations. The sale of the public lands
awed' that they did not venture beyond their lines amount pad wh is transerrae. payments to cff by this cicustace i
pletepurchases cata be made through our Agency into even is affected by this cirecuinstarce. It is
in pursuit of the fugitives the Treasury of the Uuiteud States in this city, but the scarcely thirty years since the settlers on the
While affairs were thus disastrously conducted declarations and relinquishments must be made by the Ohio, in Virginia and Pennsylvania, had peacea-
in thi .ilia.. IL, the party under Col. Thornton purcha.er, or his attorney, and filed in the Latd Office ble possession of their lands, and now our settle-
had t ut,-,t the landing place. On stepping a- where the lands were purchasedon or before the SUit1 cnts are extended a thousand miles west of this;
shore, the first thing they beheld was a rocket September nixt. All. 1pplieatins to the subscribers will ay we not say, en passant, that te whole
thrown u1 a a ,nal that the attle wa b be immediately attended to, as before stated, and, when and may we not say, en passant, that the whole
thrown up as a signal that the battle was begun. requested, tihe forms will be prepared, executed, and, expense of carrying the road from- the Ohio to
This unwelcome sight added wings to theirspeed. together with the first certificate, which in every ins dance the Mississippi would be reimbursed by the en-
Form.ing in one little column, and pushing for- must be msr.endered, w;i be transmitted to tihe proper hanced value and more rapid settlement of the
ward a single company as an advanced guard, Lani! Office agreeably to dircctii. When a further public lands Surely there are vast political
they hastened on, and in half an hour reached a credit is given, a new certificate, called a -ertificate ot p c lands Sy tee att vast political
further credit," viil be issued from the Land Oflice. and commercial considerations attached to this
canal,along tie opposite brink of which a detach- 'The preceding duties, with that of obtaining the final subject, which seem not to have been duly ap-
mnent of Americans was drawn up. To dislodge certificate, will be performed by the subscribers for the preciated either by the eastern or western states
them was the work of a moment. A boat, with a sum ,f50 cents each lot, if the number be less than 20, -not by the eastern, for they have not been fully
ca'ronade in her bow, got upon their flankgave or 25 cents if the number be greater, exclusive of post- aware of the practicability of bringing the staple's
them a single discharge of grape, while the advan- age totbem.
ced gua extended its 'ankso and approacithedat -Foer a satisfactory knowledge of the qualifications and of the west directly to an eastern market, nor of
cod guard extended its 'anks, atnd approached at integrity of the subscril ers, they refer to the honorable the political importance of identifying and bind-
double quick time. But they scarcely waited till the Members of Congress, to the honorable leads of ing together these two .great sectional parts of
the latter were within range, when, fifnig a volley, Departments, and to other officers of the general govern- the Union-not by the western, because, in the
they fled iln contusion. This, however, was only meant in this city. present state of things, they cannot transport their
an outpost. The main body was some 'ay in the Land Office and General Agency, Wash. produce in this direction. They have taken ;t
rear, and amounted o10 no fewer than fifteen hunl- may 12.-2awtsep1 ington city for granted that the c,,urse down the Ohio and
dr en. Mississippi was the only one which nature had
It was not long, however, before they likewise LAND FOR SALE. given them, Whereas this is far from being the true
presented themselves. Like their countrymen otn l I URSUArNT to an ot-irotr St. Mary's Count Court state of the case. To test the assertion, we need
the other sice, they were strongly entrenched, a wll tibe sold, on the 15th August next, if sir, if not,
ic tie next fair day thereafter, at public sale; to the high-* only to consider for a moment with what alacrity
thick parapet, with a ditch, covering their front ; est bidder, at the hour of 12 o'clock, on tie premises, all the western people, ifit was in their power, would
while a battery on their left swept the wh''le posi- the real estate of Dr. Barton Tabbs, deceased, lying in turn a portion of the waters of the MIississippi
tion, and two field pieces commanded the road. St. Ma iy'scominty, on St. Mary's river. This estate con- and Ohio rivers into the channel of the Potomac.
01 artillery .e assailants possessed not a single sists otiwo farms; one, the late resi mence f'thedecea.- There are, indeed, so mniny objections to the
piece, uor any means, b -yond what i ature gave ed, istamntl1 mile freoi tihe Cliton Cotmon Factoty and trade by the way of New Orleans, that very many
o schn the ramprt. et nothi d y grislmill, coaininhg from 90t to 1o00 acres of land, well trae te of New Orleans, tat very many
f scaling s tce rampart. et nothing daunted by dsapted to the growth of wheat, corn, and tobacco, be. of the most int-lligent gentlemen of the wcst are
Sthe obstacles before them, or b) the immense adds tweei 40 a d 50 acres of fresh aid salt marsh, part of already beginning to look forward to the superior
to wviicit they were opposed, dispositions for ta which has been reclaimed,.and in herd.grass.. 'There advantages of sending their produce to the At-
1inItedlate attack were made. The 85th extend. a- abundance of wood andtimber tirthe use of the .armt lantic, through artificial channels. I have hicard
tug its files, stretched across the entire iine oh'the tse miprivcmeutsame a commoious dwelling house, y sonie f thve jest imi
ing its ilstaiorsetchd across he e entire line of with 4 rooms a.pa,sage beiw stairs, and 4 rooms this sentiment expressed by some of the best in-
en ry, tlhe sailors in column prep,,rmcd to stortn above,v ith a piazza in rmro, a kitchen, and a well of'good formed citizensI of St. Louis. Orleans, both from
thie battery, while the marines remained some water hi the yard, a spiumnmng and leavingg hltou-e, offHie, its situation and c i, .., ,... er can be an ultiiiate
tltie way in tile rear of the centre, as a reserve. barn, graner), and stables, carriage house, oyveiseC's deposit for the immense and productive territo-
These arrangements being completed, the bu- house, and quarters, Ol in good rep;r; an eexcellecnt gar. ..y which lies above the staple states. Beef and
.,lie soutided, and our troops aadvanced. T he sail- tet i < mti o iIi- tg y m 1- tr sina...icii .1' t At cumn Ii ,, it mua ttis o hN
ut-a, racing a shrntt, rusmecd w aLodmw' wt t, ,,-. ,t h. elw t-tesd ,t tbeamdeasot pork a" ,,, il..i ,t ict 1, ,,l.', ,u-, throa ighN
ors, raising as out, rushed forward, but were in abmumce. 1:, i, .,I .i, el, and well adapelt to Orleans at all, even in the winter, much les can
met by so heavy a -ischarge of grape anid canister receive all kinds of manure, of wh.th large supplies may it be saflcy deposited there. Even bread stuffs
that for an instant they paused. Recovering them- be obaitmd. As -. lmealthy situaon, tls land is inferior are usually injured in lI passing through te cli-
selves, imowever, they again pushed oni ; and the to none in the county. This bhd of land will make two mat.e, and cannot remain, there slely .more t han
85th dashiud forward to their aid, they received good urnts, and will be sobl cith-r separately or to- two or three months in the ye-r. Indeed, Or-
Sheavy fire of musketry, and endeavo ed to The other fitarm, about 4 miles below this, on the same cans is now, and probably ill conttinue to be.
charge. A smart firing was now for a few minutes river, whichi fate has been ,.uch sp,,ken of as a pro- unhealthy to those who go taere to resid firomn
kept up on both sides, but our people had no time per situation for a naval depot,) and adljining the sil.t of the climates ntrth of the ju ctiomn of the Ohio.
to waste in distant fi.inmng, and .-.. im, I hur- the old town ,t' St. Mar., c-.intaiis between 200 and Esen if all those objections were remov ed,it would
ria on to storm the works; upon which a panic re te a mcts ime above d -ser-c Tme ipdvata e- still be highly desirablee for the western people to
sized the Americans-mdry lut their order arid muents are a large comfortable dseltin house, and one have a choice of markets.
fled, leaving us i, possession ot their tents, and ortwoou.t houses. A more nmintte lescripimn is deemed COLUM US.
18 pieces of cannon. unnecessaryas it is presuimed those *hi| wish to purchase
In this affair ourt loss amounted to only three will view the lands previous to the tiny o; .ale.
men killed, and about forty wounded. A nthe The teris of saleare, that lie purtc "ser or purchasers One Ilundmired Dollars Reward.
latter of whom was Cl. honton. Nr could shall give botnd with approvee d security to thie state onf BOUT 11 0 or 2i years stme, a nr-gro toman, named
late of was C,.t ,, ,r cou Maryland, conditioned f'r the payment of the purchase i' JEINNY, mmd her infant male child, was stolen from
tlie loss on the part of the enemy greatly exceed ,-oey, payable in one, ta'-, >,nd three years, by equal James Rinig'old, of Kent County, by a Gemorgia negro
our own. Had they stood firuti, indeed, it is hard- payments, with interest front nhe day of sale. speculator; and, frim mintbrmarton recently r.:eceivedl, is
ly conceivable that so small a force could have fA MtS A. CRANE, supposed to be in Montgomery county, state of Georgia.
taken an ent'enchedi position from numbers so PK : iK (;Ol(Ht, Jenny is of low sitture, delicately made, iim very oiack,
superior; at lea t it could not have beien homie CtR1, LlUS COMtS, ha- had the scrofula in her nechi, or ciittiouts tuemeti,
with outi t uc b o .d \ iKa .1. tlUtOtit an I the scar visible, is near 60 yca's of age; wa iivui-.
i ihous much bloodshed. But the fact is, that u JoNa MILIUN, with one Gres, in Quieen Ann county, tr her Vmtnals
t;tey were completely surprised. Au attack on april 10-wls Commrnissioners andi cloimhes, ait time time shie was stolen, and who proba-
this side was a circumstance ot whiich lcey had bly was a party in the theft A wish to redeem I'er fr;nt
not dreamed and when imei are assauilted in a SiANNUNDALE S1'1tNG. slavery, and rest cher to fiber y and her kindred, who

oit tric- they dern hbeymhd tie reach d Fo er d this rented th tilh immundale Spring, are mttIe, te .ent ftm, .... te a-
point which they deem beynd the reach of da- itate .itin hive miles of Charlestown, Jeffersoi gal delivery oi her, and a uniher reward...i .I on the
ger, it is well kowun hat thiy defend themnseives county. Va. The buildings commenced last umm.-rand conviction of the inhuman wretch wino ltole her. iProofl
with less vigouc, tlhan where such an event was 4 additional brick buildings, will be finished ill due time. mi be made to the identity of the poor utnfoirtmate n'-
anticipeated. It is scarcely necessary to state, tha, the Medticinal quuli- gro. AN. luN(i.OLD,
YWhen in the act of storming these lines, the ties 01 thie shanlnoldae are nearly the same with timse of may 29- adm'x of' Jai, iinggo-ld, dec' ,
torde iedford water; bvysome it is considered cven more A MANSION TO LT.
word was passed Lthrough our ratlks that ail had elhicacious in blliutis diseases.lItwA vAs i ck to 1 au-
gone w.ll ,n the oppoSlie bank. I hi naturally te will be ready to receive company by the first of Ju- i '. 'e tr ce i tc ,il -- n -
cidded to the vigour o1 the assault ; but we had ly certainly, perhaps sooner. Hle promises to render (. t,,- ,. Secretary' i I '.1 Sf's;j
not followed our flying enemy above two miles, evwry comifor and accommodation in his power. can be given :mnneiateh i-or terns apuly to
Martinsburg,mar2"-tf J. STEPHENSON may 1- D. A; ,1 ,,.


Gentlemen: A few days ago I read in your
paper a very polite card addressed to me, from a
gentleman in Philadelphia, under the signature
of H, to which I request you to publish the fol-
lowing answer, and you % ill! ui,,
Your obedient servant,

Sia : In the card which you did me the honor
to j:-lie.-, to me through the medium of the
PI-iladelp-ias Unioni, you ask, Do not the Flor
idas consist of sand and al i'.i il soil ?" and then
draw your conclusion, That the Floridas are
not calculated for the culture of the vine." Per-
mit me to return the compliment by another in-
terrogatory : In fifty-six or fifty-seven square
miles of territory, the extent of the Floridas, are
there no high lands, hummocks, or pine barrens,
or sandy banns of streams in a deep vegetable
loam, collected as alluvion or-otherwise ? If there
are not, then I must confess that l have made a
most injudicious selection ; for it is well known
that, in the southern parts of the United States,
where there is .n absence of silicious sand, in
most cases the grape vine is absent also, and
cannot be cultivated without much trouble and
expense ; and no doubt the company which you
mention (from 1ii nr.. ', )was unsuccessful in their
first attempt, from having settled on too rich and
damp a soil, Without sufficient shelter. But tra-
vellers inform us that there are many such sites
in Florida, .an.,iin-;., whom permit me to quote
Bartram, who states that the indigenous grape
vine grows there spontaneously and in great vi-
got, and some *c6i1h r authors recommend a soil
precisely such as you condemn'; and all authors
who have written upon the culture of the vine
agree upon a general principle, which they con--
:ii._r- hie.:, i..i.l.-i. e. that, to produce good
wine, the soil upon which the vine grows must be
No doubt dry pine hills, with a southern ex-
posure, will be found more c eigenial to the
growth of the vine, and will yield gi .ips far su-
perior to those produced on the rich and moist
bottoms cf large rivers, and that land now con-
demned to irremediable sterility, will hereafter
produce vines in. great perfection ; and, as a con-
siderable quantity of the soil in the 'loridas is .of
thie above description, it is not perceived why the
vines of Europe, A.i's, and Africa, may not be
propagated there to.as much advantage, or the
indigenous improved by i 1_ t ji'rtir as they can
in Georgia or South Carolina, more especially
as the soil and climate are, similar to the sites of
the best vineyards in Europe.
Bartram travelled through great part of the
Floridas.in 1774 and '75, and describes a site on
the river St. John's, where the live oak and other
trees grew to an immense size, as follows : It
is really astonishing to behold the grape vines in
this place. From their bulk and strength one
would imagine they were conbinec to pull ilor n
these mighty trees to the earth ; when, in fact,-
amongst other good purposes, they serve to up-
hold them. They are frequently nine, ten, and
twelve inches in diameter, and twine round the
trunks of the trees, climb to their very tops, and
then spread along their limbs, from tree to tree,
through the forest. : Thie fruil is but small, and
ill tasted."
It is precisely the same with the grape frorn
which the best .wines are made; the Madeira
grape is unpalatable, and no doubt those grapes
may be niuch improved by proper cultivation.
The samam. author states, that, considerably to
the north of the Alabama river, c he crossed
extensive open plains, the soil gravelly, produ-
cing a few trees, and shrubs or uindergrowth,
which were entangled with grape vines (vitis
campestris) ofa peculiar species : the bunches
(racemes) of fruit were very large, as were the
,grapes that composed them, though yet green
and not fully grown ; but when ripe they are of
various colors, and their juice sweet and rich.
The Indians gather great quantities of them,
which they prepare for keeping by first sweating
the .. on hurdles over a gentle fire, and afterwards
drying them on their bunches in the sun and air,
and store them up for li ii'-.mt These grape
vines do not climb into high. trees, butcreep along
from one low shrub to another, extending their
branches to a great distance horizontally round
about; and it is very pleasing to behold the clus-
ters pendant frcm the vines, almost touching the
earth-indeed, some of them lie ont the ground. "
It is probable that the above site is now inclu-
ded in the state of A!abamna ; but, from the best
iniforination which I was able to obtain when
there, from tram'-ell'ers wh'o had passed through
the Floridas, there are -many extensive sites in
that newly acquired territory, which correspond
with the above in every particular as to climate,
soil, exposure, and natural productions. The
plain of Bordeaux is composed of an alluvion,
foriied of sand adruixed with thile mud of the sea ;
when thcer is not a clayey base which retains too
much moisture, the wine is delicious.
That part of ( i. q. ., so renowned for its
vineyards, is one of tlhe nost sterile parts of
France ; it presents an unbroken plain, where
you meet almost every where fragments of chalk
or red sand stone, with little earth and some fos-
sil shells; and Chaptal remarks, that the fine
Hermitage wines are produced in a granite soil,
as the most delicious wines of Sicily are produ-
ced on the declivities o-f Mount Etna, and in its
vicinity, where the soil is mixed with a large
quantity of the lava, sand, and ashes,thrown up by
volcanic eruption.
In 'iripiali, in Barbary, the vine is cultivated in
a soil nearly all sand ; it is only mixed with such
vegetable mould as is procured by collecting tihe
refuse of their gardens and kitchens, and conse-
quently is in very small quantities ; yet no bet-
ter grapes are produced in any part of the world.
In the Island of Madeira the vine is cultivated
in th e greatest perfection on the sides of hills on
the south mride of thie Inland, which is a bed of
rt.ck.; their vineyards are composed of a ferru-
gious colored concrete, having the appearance
of volcanic om'igin, which is lound in large masses
on the surface, and when broken into small pie
ces, is soon decomposed by the ac'iun of the sun
and atuosphei e, and w hen mixed rith such ve-
getable matter as is prmioc-ittablm, becomes very
fertile and produces time grape ofwhich tie best
wines- are made-supcrlluis moisture, which

would otherwise destroy the vine,- percolating ea-
sily through it in the rainy or extraordinary wet
heLasons, '
On ithe north side of the Island the quality oi
the vine is thie same, for cuttings transplanted
fon the o'th to 'ihe south: produce the same
grape in perfection, while those transplanted firn'i

the south to the north invariably degenerate. This
is attributable to too great moisture, and want of
sufficient shelter from the north wind ; lor, in
some spots which enjoy either a natural or arti-
ficial shelter, the wine is much better, and ap-
proaches nearer to what is called London Parti-
From these premises I therefore conclude, that
the ,.r.ape vine mayy b-. cultivated in the Floridas
to great alvaritage, the position, exposure, and
description of soil,-corresponding almost exactly
with the places where, according to the best
French authors, the finest vineyards ia. Europe
are situated.
SIt would be intruding too much or the patience
of the public to be more prolix on this subject, ;it
least for the present. For more accurate infor-
mation permit me to refer youi to the following
authors :
Chaptal's General Statistics of France;. Cours
de Agriculture, by the Abbe Rozier; Universal
Geography, by MM. Mentelle and Malte Brun ;
Barthez ; Miller's Gardener's Dictionary, and
extracts from them, contained in the works ol'
Mr. William Darby, corroborated by his own ob-
servations and judicious geographical remarks on
the cultivation of the vine, published in the Na-
tional Register, in 1818, by J. L. C.
I am respectfully, sir,
Your obedient servant,


FmO. THE R UaOtlB I ,N D L 1 1 U IA 1u TVi IE sJ "illtAL.
The following description of a part of Florida in the vi-
cinity of Fort Gadsden il ie Ifound: iineresting. It
is contained in a letter from a friend, to the Editor,
t" Fort Gadsden, pril 27, 1821.
My personal obsc rvaion of this country has
been hitherto c. nfined to the vicinity of this
place, which is, at present, a perfect wil-
derness. There are no white int.abitants, except
a few Indian traders,. nearer than the Georgia
line, seventy miles distant, itn.d all our comnuni-
cations with the world lead through deep and
extensive swamps, except tht: by the Gulf.--
The messengerho ii s. .',(i t, cui-ey v l t.r, s,
&c. between'this place andi Fort Scot,' is obli ',d
to swim across creeks and lagoons onil his way.
The route to Pe:.sacola. oni the W -t, is v ry cir-
cuitous and mute thr ni r,'. ihnitiidr. d n ii.s I n..n .
We'have had no in'ercoirse w' .th it 'I pl sca -since
I came here, a,.d but little nith the Fert of St.
Marks, which lies 70 or 80 miles to the E.&t, and
is divided from us by an almost entire ,r'ct o.
swamp, intersected by laitge rivers. The gefie-'
ral face of the country, for s!xty miles from the
coast, is made op -.f .:i' i covered with heavy
timber, and gent'iral.y overflowed, and low pine
lands'which sometimes rise into bluffs 6 or 10 feet
above the level of the water. Fort Gadsden- is
orr one of these latter, and Pensacola i aln either,
very extensive and .high, which, lying open to
the sea, accounts for the healthiness of that place.
Immediately oil the siloi 0 of the Gulf, all a-
long, as faras I have observed it, the storms have
piled up the sand in idgt-e, parallel wiih the
shore, andin some places to the height of twenty
or thirty fLt.L' Thec rid. s g'":n::rally extend a
half a, mile or more Iron the Girlf, lying parallel
to each other and equidistant, in the same form
as a succession of heavy, seas. The river Apa-
lachicola is about 150 niiei long. Its banks are
overflow.ed,neajly all the way in s.-,me places tor
several miles back. This overflowed part is co-
vered with a very thick growth of almost every
kind of tree common at the north, as well as a
great variety pecu'iar to the South, particularly
cypress, from which the swamps cerive the name-
of cypress swamps. All these trees grow re-
markably large and bear in great abundance a
singular kind of mons, which is thought to sub-
sist entirely upon the miasmata in the aii'. It
has no ro.tis, rnbr any radical connection with the
tree, but rldy hang over the limbs in the same
manner as if it had been placee! there by the
hand. It has a grey colour, and in the winter,
when theJleaves have fallen, it gives the sunken
forest a most dismal appearance. A trayeller
from the North wr.iild Silp-'se that .the trees
were all dead, and that the whole country wus
gradually sinking into one satwry grave. But
the spring changed the pil aspect Ceie'-ly. "The
hoary moss is now concealed by a most luxu-
riant foliage, which, front the great variety of
trees, presents almost every shade of green, and
furnishes a delicious feast to the eye. The whole
bank of the river is lined with a rich barrier form-
ed of canes and bushes interwoven and matted
with all sorts of vines, bearing a great variety of
flowers, and the scene is -now beginning to be
still more enriched by the blooming of the mag-
nolia, which is indeed the king (or at least presi-
dent) of all flowers. This tree (of which you have
seen descriptions enough) occupies a very con-
siderable share of the forest, and is always con-
spicuous for the great size and deep green colour
of its leaves, but when in bloom its beauty is be-
yond comparison with any thing of the tree kind.
It is then covered with milk white blossoms, the
smallest of which exceeds in circumference the
crown of my hat, (a comparison intre true than
poetical.) These emit.a sweet odour which fills
the whole atmospihere.- But all this clysian scene
is but a gilded sepulchre. Within is contained
all manner of deadly vapours, and the abodes of
poisonous insects and huge snakes."


Arrangements have been n.ade, by the differ.
ent departments of our government, i, hich seem-
ed to indicate an ,c.pe.itati., thai possession of
the Floridas would be yielde.l to the United
States by the Spanish autiliri'ies, a' soon as our
officers were ready to receive it. We know, for
instance, that Governor .JalIkni. and other Uni-
ted S:ates' officers, are on the spit. Recent in-
formation, however, induces us to doubt whether
the Spanish authorities are so ready to give up
the reins of government there, however loosely
they lie in their hands. They have a right to re-
tain the possession for six months firon the rati-
fication; but in good faith they ought not to do it.
Such a delay could be of no advantage to the
Spanish nation, whilst it might be seriously
prejudicial to the United Stites, by affording
an opportunity to afew desplicble creatures to
smuggle slaves and foreign, goods itito our
Considering what evils attend a country %itl
out go~n cinn,.t, as the I loti0l.i. 1 ffLeciu.Ill are,
under present circumstances-what temptations
are afforded to knavet;y, wh:i'. i.Hl uruiy to cimiic,
we hope that, on more direct information, it will
appear that the government of Spain has not de.
termined to reduce the value of the acquisition
as much as is in her power, by keeping possession
to the last moment. Half the value of an act of
amity consists in the manner in which it is per-
formed. The t'overrnierit of Spain having, af-
ter an ungracious delay of two years, made up
its mindto ratify the treaty, ougloi ccrtainl\ to
have w.ated no lime in carrying it into effl'ct.

Mr. SUMPTaR, late Miliister of the United
States to Ri'. J.,neii'r, with hi niiivy, "irited in
this city vesteril.ay fro.n the Frigate Congress,
in which thby came pi se.ngcrts.

IMPORTANT.-The' Pliladclphia Aurora
of Mond y states positively thi thet city of
CARACCAS has been captuied by the Patriot army
under General Soublette. The particulars, we
presume, will reach us to-day.

Trade of the Lakes.-The Detroit Gazette of
the !8th ult. states that fourteen schooners, laden
with merchandize and produce, sailed from that
place on the 12th, for Mackinaw and the ports on
Lake Michigan.

We perceive,by a late South American gazette,
that Don P. Gual, a justly celebrated patriot of
Venezuela, has been lately appointed Secretary
of State and Treasury, pro tern. during the ab-
sence of Mr. Ravenga, who, with Don J. T.
Echeverria, had sailed for Spain to treat of peace
and alliance on the basis of Colombian independ-
ence. From that quarter we may soon expect to
hear news of the most decisive events. The
death of Dr. Roscio has caused a sensation of
grief the most poignant and profound throughout'
the country. The loss is irreparable.
SWffash. Gazette.

Two ships from Canton, and one from Cal-
cutta, arrived at Boston on Friday morning.-
One ofthe ships was at the Sandwich Islands in
November last, at which time the Missionaries
were comfortably situated, and continued to re-
ceive the kind attention of visitors, and good
treatment fiom the natives.
The arrivals from India, bring accounts from
St. Helena as Lte as the middle of April. Bona-
parte was in good health.

*A number of the laie constituents of HFNHVR
CLAY. firori all parts 0of.ne .is, I..t, and amount-
ing to between two an; three hundred, gave hinm
the complimer.nt of a public dinner at Lexington,
on the 18th ultiwe. We select the following
from the set. toasts ijtaink on the occasion :
HiNRa C1AY-H:s pubhc service insures him the re-
gard of his country hli private virtues the respect and
confidence of iis irienrds-Unio;: his motto ; conciliation
his mnaxim ; firmness and independence his principles of
Col. It. M. JoaHsoN-The soldier, patriot, and states-
man; his fnai(hfil services have endeared him to his country..
South Jmerica and .lexico.~-'l'The sword of persecution
has dropt from the.hand of tyranny, and the genius of
Anerica has planted the standard of liberty on the ruins
of tiie .ir q isition.- -
The .Jiny and JVavy of the United States.-Their bril-
liant achievements have attracted the eyes of the wo rld
to our stars, and taught tyrants to beware of our stripes.
lMissouri.-She has evinced attachment to the Union
by her patience and forbearance; may the principle.;
which cement the American family grow with her
growth, an'ia ,ir'biiiic .n. hill. -Ir ir'nt, .il,
Polantd.-ill lhii:.-l, 'iii,|'.,[ir r.njli'i ; M,' l., ipis-.t of
liberty aw iken hlie ehi.n. eLt of her people, and raise her
once more to the rank of an ii. .'edait ri.uiin,.


Extract of a letter from a gentleman in New Berlin,
SELECT PROSPECT. P-euinsylvania, to Mr. Joseph Forrest, Teller in the
I WISH to sell from 48 to 50 acres of land adjoining Patriotic Bank of Washington,under date May 21, 18. 1.
Washington. To my mind it is one of the most de- It I take the first opportunity to inlor'm you that
sirable little farms in this country. The arable land is an John McFadden is convicted of having passed
oblong, running from the streets of the cit) back, about
three quarters of a mile, on the one side with the lines county feit notes, and is sentenced to three years
of capt. Speake and Kalorama, and on tle, other with hard labor in the Penitentiary, We are all under
Messrs. Pairo and Holmead. many obligations to you and the Patriotic Bank,
The site for building is commanding; the prospects ex- for your ready compliance with my wishes in as
tensive and various. From this height is a beautiful de- sisting us to convict this fellow. The alarm and
scent of about 150 yards to thie city; from the gate to confusion whichthis conviction hascaused amon
that of the Presidents, about a mile, with gravelled ave-confusion which this conviction has caused among
tnues. To the back of this site the ground gradually de- the others of the gang is great. They had no no-
scends for more than half a mile, to broken hills, abound- tion that a conviction could possibly be effected.
ing with stone (fit for enclosures, &c.) and wood, beyond The 'worst they expected was to lie in prison un-
which are a few acr,-- if n..a,:,i, land, of the first quali- til court, and then be discharged for want oftes-
ty, on Rock Creek, terl..e'l raril', by astone wall. Tlie -
-creek here is front 6 to 8 or 10 feet deep, having a dai tin*ony to prove tC n.at, f Fitd. 1lhii plan is
above and one below, which forms a fish pond .on- a this-to pass notes on banks at such a distance that
great scale-the creek affording abundant feed for the the forgery cznnotbe proved If this man had been
h. isscharged the whole band would have exalted,
To gentlemen of wealth, who wish health, beautiful and our people would have been discouraged
prospects, to lsether with all tie advantages of society, f rom prosecutig hereafter,
which the metropolis of the nation affords, and one too, from prosecuting hereafter.
vwhichl with attention might support itself, this place will 6" But all our labor was very near being to no
be fauid to possess, in a hirh degree, advantages rarely purpose-the prisoner, yesterday morning, by
united. And, indeed, to ainan fond of horticulture and a the assistance of a fellow prisoner, and probably
dairy, it night be made very profitable, the markets be- with help from without, escaped from the prison.
ing proverbially high.
RICHARD PARROTT. He was, however, taken again and brought back
Georgetown, May 5-2aw3w. to-day, and is now safe in irons." '


Beacon Offie, Jol'o llk, June 2.
The brig Nautilus, from this port 22d January last, with Colonists
and Government and Society Agents, for the
American i.:ttleimeit .,n the coast of Africa, ar-
rived here this moinir.g in 40 days. irom Sierra
By this r ival Sierra Leone Gazettes of the
10th and 31st of M r Lchl have been received here.
The latest date contains nothing of any interest,
relative to the Coinia.r. From that of the 10th,
obligingly loaned to us, we extract the following.
'notice of the arrival! of the Nautilus, and the very
just remarks of the Editor, respecting the sepa-
rate interests of the British and American Settle-
ments. .
By permission of the Governor of Sierra Le-
one, a temporary settlement had been made by
those who went out in the Nautilus, at Foura
Bay, a short distance from Freetown, represented
to be a very healthy and pleasant situation, and
the land very fertile. Mr. Winn, our govern-
ment Agent, was with them, and, as well as the
settlers, enjoyed pcrl'it health. Tiey received
fici le tie g-' ,einnitEi and people of Sicrra Leone
the most friendly and l,ihospitble at.cr .... i.

From the Sierra Leone G ite,- ,rf .ltuch,. 10.
We have much pl.-asu e ilin aJui,'iibi tle saft
arrival of the Anieie'i aii big Nia .ilui in dth l.ai-
bourofFreetown, from Norlilk, VI, .'inia, haviihg
on board J. B. W tinnr nd E Bacon, Esmqi A-
gents of the United States for captured Africans,
and Messrs. Andrews aird W' ibli.'ger, Agents of
the Society ioi the establishment of colonies of
free colored Fpeople o t ie lUit.1I States, on the
coast of Africa. A number of Africans taken by
the ships of war of the United States, in their
I. cent ci uiz s n the coast, are onboard the Nau-
tilus, under the chalk ge of s's rs. Winn and. Ba-
con ; and a number of free people of color placed
at the direction ot lis',i s. Ai eivs n &\w i \'!bi g'r.
The intcniion of .the gentlemen thus intrusted
with the raiian genit-it til tIhe e;nit.li ize-t lit,: ii,
we ari. h2il.'Ip y i Gin., it lrrr.ed' on a basis of
good too br ai .l ;i tojo fi i, be idcranged by
the losses and disappointments incurred at the
place first chosen for a settlemert in the Sher-
bro--will be,'as we understand, to collect the
surviving inemb.rs and i ciiainhi.; sito:k of that
s.ttleimiunt, -in.- to incorporate them with those
now brought.out. Teli ruariag;et i% ill thI.n con-
sider how the whole can be best disposed in fur-
therance of the great object for which they are
sent to Africa. While we sincerely and heartily
wish success to this great object, we trust those
ntlemen will see the expediency of placing
their settlement at such a distance from this colo-
ny as to leave no ground of rivii interest to pro-
duce unfriendly feelings between their coloniists
and the inhabitants of'this seitlCtii"it.'
We trust they will rather, as far as it shall be
found I-ra .i..ablc, er'ii ivi. to fix themselves in a
place sbited to mike t io-c leelinfgs of interest
which aie ii.sep.rable hr -o. lii'an iiatt urt. and(
which are the ,ie.i ,pri'ii3 of the iinduiy th.ia
constitutes the source an d supIpoit of colonial
prosperity-contribute to the maintenance- and
promotion o1 the actual go.d will antd amity, and
of the reciprocal o;od li.l-. ce r.aturally to be de-
sired between settlements devoted to the same
beneficent purposes.

The Artigan brig L'Esperance, of 18 guns
and 120 men, went into Cape Haytien 28th of
April in distress, short of provisions and water.
On the following day the pilot landed, and was
received with the greatest cordiality. Salutes
were immediately interchaiged, and the brig
commenced refitting. On the 3d of May the
bhri i a, taken possession of by the Haytien go-
verni;ent, officers and crew thrown into prison,
and Haytien colors substituted instead of Arti-
gan., Same day, a ui.ill Er-gli,: schooner, laden
with dry goods, purp.Ji tling to be from Caicos
Islands, arrived, w ithi l pa-i ngt.r on board, Capt.
.AVorthrop. The schooner was seized, captain
and crew thrown into prison, and the passenger
put under arrest. Following day, the brig was
manned, and, in company with two Haytien man:
of war schooners, sailed in pursuit of a large
Spanish ship, said to be at Tertugas Island.
Next day, they returned with a large Spanish
ship of about 450 tons, mounting 18 guns, with
a crew of 40 men, prize to the above named
brig. On examination, the sailors deposed they
entered at St.Barts, and had been cruising some
time off the Havana, where they captured no-
thing; finally proceeded off Vera Cruz, where
they captured the above ship and.two brigs; took
all the valuable part of the cargoes of the brigs,
and put it on board the ship, and gave the brigs
up to the prisoners ; that they never had robbed
or abused any flag. The ship and cargo was va-
lued at from 150 to 200,000 dollars. May 9ti.
the crew were liberated, the officers still in prison.

The manager of the Park Theatre, New York,
offers a premium for the most appropriate and
well written poetic address, to be spoken on the
opening of th-e new theatre.
The address, tocontain not less than fifty, nor-
more than sixty, lines, must be transmitted to E.
Simnpson, the manager, post paid, on or before
the 20th of August; the name and residence of
the writer in a separate envelope, with a mark
corresponding to one on the address.
The author of the prize address, if a resident
of New York, will be entitled to the freedom of
the Theatre; if a resident of any other part of the
state or union, to a Gold Miedal of the value of
fifty dollars.
A dollar a line is a tolerable liberal price for
poetry, and it is not often that American versifi-
ers receive so pleasing a reward for their labor.
[Phil. Union.


Three persons caught, a few days past, in Sev-
ern river, near Annapolis, forty-one dozen and
three soft crabs, and twenty-five dozen and three
hard crabs, making in the whole seven-hundred
and ninety-eight crabs, caught in the course of
six hours.

At Boston, on Monday, the 28th ult. aged 65, Mrs.
HArsiAl WELLS, only daughter of the late venerable pa-
triot and statesman Samuel Adams.


Wf ashi gton, .Vnr'ly s ffce,
June 6th, .1821.
At an election hell' on Mo.-,,y tie 4th inst. in
the several wards fl this c'r,, t ir Aldermen and
Common C. u.incilnien, the following persoris,
have been returned to ne ,'s Ily elected, viz :
.Jlderman-Charid \s% Godsborouh,.
C. Coririt.-H-lrvi' Ml. St i'er,
J.sriie, Thotri,'.,n, "
S\\ i:lrnm P. G(aidner

.JlIderman--Jarne Hi.b'in.
C. Cit.il--Jo)hn M. ( lella.nd,
Hezekiah Lang.ley,-
David M. Fo.-'iet.
THrRD Wai, n.
.llderman.-William nW. Season.
C. Council-Timothy P. Andrews,
George Sweeny,
.Benjpmrin M. Belt.
.Ali-'rillnIt-B 'njamin Burch. '
C. Council-George TV tierston,
Andrew Hunter,
Julio Pic.
A/dermen-Jarnes ilidtdllUll. .-
(George Blaglen, in the place of
Dliil. nraioll, Es i. resi:ricd.I
'C. Cu'lcil-Clncmi:n TBoSw oil,
i\Vilianii i. M.addoli,
E,. ard Mlatir.gl ).
Xlderman--'Jhitn Cr V bI.
C. Council-Solomori Groves,
Adam Lindsay,
John N landn.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my
hand the day and ye:.r abu:e wiittin.

Y ordnler of the Jrpfhaii-' Co,"it o Prince George's
County, will lie s Id. at put.lic sxle, on Thursday
the .- it It.-t. a, i. li Creelk, (the l te i- I 'ic of Eli
i.t,' ll .l.,i s. dece~s.'rl, I all tie pedi'sijiil esi. te of said
de.:a-. c.'s-tinr g of i.,,. j!Jd .,.rd kicheni furniture,
,',trf,' 5i.- -'"C. I cr -i oi ol e t,,r ill 1i ,rns above S I(.
a credit ofl mnils, tire puii,'i.,s.i gil i.g bind with lip-
,-..t .- rai N Li- t i,g i iil'0* ri. *-late. and all
4un.o, 1i1: 1, i 1ll uii, c 'he r ih v ill be rcjuip red.l
Sale to cunrnelrii.nc-. t I) o'cnlo .
adm'r of Elizabeth Jones, dec
Slash Creek, may 9-w3w.
The above sale is postponed untilSaturday the
23d inst. when it will take place.
june 6-


State of Aiirylaiul .f.iizotrery County. Court.
Marc T ran, 1821.
Archibald Lee vs. Thomas Lee, William Lee,'Outer-
bridge torsey aIlL Eli/L.eth his wife, John ,Lee,
Bliijarnin it.ngroi,. maivi' DiggS, Galloway Ring-
gold, E,; l Lte kR.ngol.1, Sarah irooke Lee
S inggold, and Anna Maria Ringgold and Notley
* lit. subject of the petitioneris to obtain a decree for
I the division of the following tracts of land, lying
in Montgomery I ..' a'oitaid. t) awit: Burgundy,"
"Easy coee by'," '" I' in eyP i. lasy come by," -Se-
cond Addition to Easy come by," and one half of an un
divided tract of land, called "Clear Spring," The peti
lioner states fhat Ignatius Digg's departed this life soue
years past seized in fee of the lands afiresaid, and that
the same became vested in the parties aforesaid, claim-
ing as heirs at law of the said Ign.aiiua Diggs, deceased.
That the parties aforesaid are diliirott that partition
should be made of the said lands and premises by decree
pf this Court, according to their respective shares or
proport.ons of the same. That s;me of the defendants,
to wit: Benjamin Itinggold, Mary Diggs, Galloway Ring-
gold, Eliza Lee Kinggold, Sarah- Brooke Lee Ringgold,
tand Anna Maria Ringgold, are m.nnurs, and reside out of
the State of Maryland, and are not amenable to the pro-
cess of this Court.
It is, thereupon, this 2d day of. June, 1821, on motion
of the petitioner, ordered ai,d a li.irdgd that notice be'
given to the absent deIk'inJd J by causing a copy of this
order to be inserted in thie National Intel;igencer, a
new .paper printed i, tihe li,.Dre-t .f i'.vlumbhn, once as
week for the period oi three mo'thi,tlthat hes..d hbeleni
defendants maybe wa,-'ed -.l i.,hed t'. sl)pe.r ii this
(Court onihe S:c',nl 'ri'.lIj N.' ni.,b Itr i.t, b) at-
torney or otherwise, as the case may require, to show
cause, if any thei hl.., v. hy such decree as prayed for
should not pais ,ccr,r.ling to the prayer of the petitioner.
Per order.
Copy test: UPTON BALL,
june 6-w4mn CIlk. Montgomery Co. Court.

Late Perkins & Bacon's.
THE subscribers beg leave to intfom the public that
they have purchased the stock and Patent IRtght of
Perkins & Bacon for carrying on the above business, and
have taken the stand heretotbfore occupied by them, back
of St. J:mes' Church, North Seventh Street, where tihe
will be happy to receive and execute orders for an'.
Machinery in their line, and -ledge themselves that it
shall be exectited from the best materials, and in a work-
manlike manner. They have also come to a determina-
tion, in consequence of the fall of materials, to reduce
the prices, and will build Domestic Engines, with metal
plunges and boxes, for watering gardens, ti.i-ii.g win-.
dows, &c. and which will force the water, by the power
of one man, 80 feet, on two wheels, to play through hose
pipe, for .. j42
Orto play through a goose neck 47
Large sized do. ior factories and ships 75
Second class V1llae Engi es, whichwill play over
a five story house, and not requiring more than eight
men to work them, for 225
First class do. throwing a larger stream, holding
more ater, and requiring ten men, 275
Engines to exceed those of the double chamber
(usually termed first class) in power and effect, and
to play from two pipes at once when wanted, 700
If with one stream only, 630
Second class do. but little inferior in distance and
size of nosel, 450
T'he largest sized Engines yet in use, will dis-
charge upwards of a ton of water per minute, and
project it more shan 190 feet, through a nosel near-
ly an inch. 950
Double Chamber Engines of the second, first, and
extra class, warranted equal in every respect to those
made at any other manufactory, at 600, 850, and 1050
dollars--50 additional being charged when made to
play two streams
Engines on the old English construction repaired and
imunproved so as to play further and easier than when new.
Supply Pumps, to force water through hose into En-
gines, with Levers on a new construction, worked with

ease by two men.
Progressive Lever Seal Presses, for Notaries and Pub-
lic Offices.
Philadelphia, June 2-eotf
Ib Y the hogshead, barrel, or retail, constantly on hand,
and for sale by A. E. IIOUGH.,
Also, White Wine Vinegar.
oct 20-tf

IN virtue ofa win t i tn l. I .L ,n altach-r'cnt i-spedi
from the Clhrk'- ,ofice W uf lt,. Counr. ot Wiahil;ztun,
to ,ne diecled, I .l 1.l poji r u'ic -5ale .t Ine
wharf now occupied by MN. Dumfield, on the F.aiern
Bran ,. ,r. 11 ine.-li.y the "tth inst at 12 '.'cl.ck, M.
the s..,, n li.t~:cu, i -e, tl-h h.er larc le and aprarel.
Seized ,:1.1 itk.- i in exectiOr, as ti:he proper tof Wil-
lianm ( I.,.' i..n antd ri!l lie suhl' to aatit ) debt d.-c to
Isaac l'..t "up tt ij ( Ijlbert Alen.
I LN I.'H --Il\tI .JLD,
may 22-;, Mar. Dirt. C.,I.
The above sale is postponed to Wddn-esdai
the 6th i-nst,
june 1-. ,

T 'AVTLe up., i| I .. .i'.:.,i. .. l. p, or P.-nr.
-s 1 1, rua vcni. e. i t B ,,k riun 1%c
D WiP.-'tJ H't.L.. narth.li' Ge itle Mnalk.It, h(I ic lie. h.ie
for sale a c n, .i.i..t .' iorir .h n t .f
Ffeshit ,l,dirin:es and Dr-.ig, ai,.I all.''i;dJ of Pit.
-t. tt .Vredicillj-i.
They l.,se, .alsn.t -r t.sl-, I1 L'&.nts, Varnishes,?aint
Brushes, &c. an.! lei F.aicy Articles; of .which last
'le iii .i-c6 rcc. ive tcourro plletea-.. mrimril e
I'h,,n., \. t E.. Co. u lJ fetl grast liil tfr a share of
public i)tiroinge, arid, b3 a str ct aitt.iton to business
generic, I..., 'rI the utrrmo. carel:ine-,s in pie.arii.g and
.tuning Iup, '-RnVly ,ledlII.nLs and Prescriiiuns, will en-
deavor to deserve it.
'Their assortmer.t 0urMe.icines ar.] Drigsi isat prtsei.t
complete, andof tle frathcs* imporraliuns and best qua-
lil Trii, r ltdge lheffn-,eive, la' m..o all nec.i-
,ri -r'-ancrrCes,lts) to keep up CiO.isaitll, such .In as-
sort neiit.
Mt:l.-.ne, '.c. car. be procire'J or prezcrifpion. at-
tendel 10to, .i any Ih ur of il t' ighli u ien in ci.sral,v
I. W iie o.. C ot the l..e ity. ernted -l sible
Tubes. comrni..i,) c lkLd Tht Pump "' a ma.Tchint n,'.
used will c.inpIltl. su'j':Lc% ,n exlr.-cun4; poiS.ns (lai-
.d. i rn '.,,: ; Irorn i-n; si.o,.. li Al.., ain irpro ', .1 ,i r
11'unp,, ai:, C peti u ad cllectuJi u..StlntUL tuf it, cli.
lli. cipl.iing., used withuut Irol1le Io 'lie ope...t.i
,r pI3 .-i. i 0 prel'iit. 1 I.eCb MN rlin ..e a l t.ll '..d Li
the physicians and public, or. eme.'genciea, Iree ot any
charge or expense'
june'4-lStaSw .
A LL"-crt'r'. ar i.cr-,3 c au .'u.lt against crediting a
.. woman, who calls l hrseif 'atharine Masterson,. on
my acc-unt, as I am duternined not to pay any debts of
lier contracting. .. .
june 6-3 C. CaS. MASTESO.

Hurses for su!e. i chrp. fur casih.
l E h l in e ,I. + ,i.....1 i .e., nt ; ,lli-,
1, .e.ltl II l*is car be .' I i .iTi'nLc.J te a4plic, ino1i
be made at the Lti) i.tll-. 1,,'
CLLtl.C.- llOL I ',:'.! ,N. '
G,_orgetown, ilt I --jt

N, o I IC'1-.
Patriotic Btivkof Ifaihsin :..i, ,
n Jie, 2, I.:1,. S
N election will be held at the !u.nitiig( House, on
A.Monday the i ift'Jult l t, beaten tih bthours of
o10 A.M. and 3 P. M. tforDirectors for this institution,
bor the ;ear- thence ensuing.
junet6-dtd 0. CAIRR, Cash.

A Cottage to rent.
S A small li.;l: C.'.i. :-, wi an. excellent gar-
J den of choice tr.to, ,.'-i cAir.Ajlate.I t r a new
married couple or a small I-nm.I 'lst.itcd near General
Van Ness's house Rent S50 ) e.ir. if leased for four
or more years. Enquire ut'I Mr. Julhri, in F street.
june 6-3 .

'TlIILL'tie received unilt j '.,'cloci, P M. on Satur-
Yr day the 9 .ii inst t'r o .r.i'n- ild I',.irlitrf g New.
York avenue ten I- et a .icr. r ..d el-re'.l' -ne,
lie gri.vel iN be 6 inch--s in 'lie cenlrip n 1 J in, l 3.it
til- sides. There ail be '..me h Ii s o ihe c.it d., iir., ard
the earth hauled into the tall-i.
S .'A l,A I If %l i \F.sS,
I n r I l l.

june 6-3t G A: Cr', r.
-7'LL be retri td i '.i j '. k, P. o. Saturday
t' the 9ihnl ut !or gr' haihtr lI 7t; street w:.st frog.
Pennsylvani'i ivenj-' to t.e l 'I,:r wharf, agreeable to
the graduation fixed by the city surveyor. Also, for
gravelhing said 17th street, the gravel to be 9 inches in
the centre on the made ground, and 6 inches in the cen-
tre on that part where the street is cut down 'o the gra-
duation. *', S\?L. HARKNEtaS,
Comrnissi,ner F!rst W'rd.
june 6-.11t G -' ''0. I.t'rr'nim ...- -rs.
NHAT sealed proposals 1il r.- received until Thurs-
a td -: l r i, t.'i ,r ir'.\,1 ,i;;.,'ii .,r. hA u, aiid
gra e!l'.,g iliti N Aire tr.. ni 4 t ir. -t I t *j tl.e Po:u
tomac'riter. A desrcrip'oii ol thle rk r aqoreil ilr l be
given upon personal .ipplicIt, Ii 0 toluer .i .In.
Commissioner 5th Ward.
R B LE ,
june6- Ass st- Commissioners.

A woman Servant wanted immediately.
TpjHE subscriber wishes to hire a servant wornan for
]i two months. To one who can give evidence of ner
good character, and without children, liberal wazes will
be given. E. DY?:R.
june 2-3t

LUST published, and for sa:e, at the ouiice of the Na.
tional Intelligencer, .V Report, by the Secretary of
State, of the claims of citizens of the United States for
Spanish spoliations on their property and ucomnerce.'"
Mad in pursuance of a resolution of Congress
QQThe above comprises' 27 fbolkcap tables, or 14
printed sheets, .in will bU- denaitt .,., p|i t ,.i tie Unit-
ed States, free ul postage on the paimpile', lor g1.
may 2-
I H-[AVt'E for sale a valuable t;..ct of land in Prince
George's County, contaiiing about 375 acres. 2 taler
from the city of Washington, on the south side of the
Eastern Branch Bri.lges, and adjoimng the scat of' thos.
Law, Esq. About 200 acres of it are dieared, and 40
meadow land, 30 of which is in timothy, and the residue
may be prepared at a trifling expense for seeding in
September next. There is the greatest abundance of
wood of different descriptions for the support of the
place. The situation is a remarkably healthy one; and
near the dwelling house is a never tailhig spring of ex-
cellent water, and a small orchard, containig pear, ap-
ple, peach, and cherry trees, of the best kinds. lFrom
the trials of plaster of Paris made on this land, it has been
found to act most powerfully. This property is wei4
worthy the notice of the farmer, the planter, or the man
otf fortune, who may be desirous of residing in the coun-
try during the summer months.
For terms apply to Overton Carr, Esq City of Wash-
ington, or to the subscriber, residing on the premises.
feb 13-2awtf JOHN AilDISON.

Old Theatre for sale.

hN Tuesday, the 12th of June next, at 12 o'clock,
Y will besold,'at auction, at Brown's Hotel, the old
Theatre, with the ground on which the walls stand, and
some adjacent ground. The ground begins at the south
west corner of square No. 349, and runs thence with the
line of west I lth street 135 feet 4 inches to the dividing
line of lots No. 3 and 6; thence, with said dividing line
east 64 ieet; thence, south 135 feet 4 inches to north G
street; and, thence, with the line of said last mentioned
street west 64 feet to the place of beginning. To be
paid for in seven equal annual nstalments, and notes,
with approved endorsers, bearing interest, to he given.
may 15-wtd P. MAURO, ago.

The author of the Na.-ative of the 2C. :paigns of the
B ti'Si army, at Waishin-t..n and.New Orleans, after an
a- : lit of the retreat fromn ,V i. j,T'.n, proceeds to
gi a' account of tile atI'ck upon Baltimore. The fleet
remina,.edin the Patuxent until September 6. It then
---o aiunder w igh. and Sailed a short distance down the
ba1y-tll .a.'e to anchor. A signal was made for all the
sh ips to-seijid in a return oft toe uiu.nbir of seamen
whom, in addition to the marines, they could land with
small arms. T;.e silps' crews were all mastered, and it
was found that a thousand men would be spared, wh.cli,
no:.withstandingthie los- at ishJ-niuaji 4i. would enable
the commander to bring into lu, Ltil.. 4,000 fighting
men On the next day they entered the Potomac, and
on the two following days they proceeded up that river.
On the 9th, after steering fora few hours in the direc-
tion of Alexandria, they put anout suddenly, ran don
the bay under a fresh breeze, and steered for the Pa.
On the 11th they came in sight of the projecting head-
land where it was designed to disembark the troops, dis.
taln fourteen or fifteen miles from Baltimore. Three
da. s' provisions Were cooked as before, and given to the
men, and twenty rounds ofammnitiun were added to the
sixty usually given to each soldier. It was dark when
they reached the anchorage, and every man slept in his
clothes to be prepared to start at a moment's warning.
Speaking of the excitement of preparation, the author
says, no man, of the smallest reflection, can look for-
ward to the chance of death without experiencingsensa-
tions very different from those which he experiences
under any other circumstances W--when' the battle has
fairly begun, I may say with truth that. the feelings of
those engaged are delightful, because they are, in fact,
so many gamblers playing for the highest stake that
could be offered. But the stir and noise of equipping,
and then the calmness and stillness of expectation-these
are the things which force a man to think. On the other
hand, the warlike appearance of every thing about you,
the careless faces and rude jokes of the private soldiers,
and something within yourself which I can compare to no-
tiing more than the mirth which cri,.,inals are said some-
times to experience and to express previous to their ex-
ecution ; al. these combine to give you a degree of false
hilarity, I had almost said painful, from its very excess. It
is an agitation of the nerves, such as we may suppose
madmen feel ; which you are inclined to wish removed,
though you are unwilling to admit that it is disagree-
At three o'clock in the morning the troops began to
land, without opposition, and leisurely formed in an open
field. At 7, they were all disembarked and in order for
marching. Tihe artillery consisted of six field pieces and
two howitzers, all draI n by horses. The column advanle.
ed for about an hour,when they came to ground that had
been occupied by American troops, and was deserted.
From the aspect of the ground, they concluded they
should soon meet with opposition, and the troops were
hal, -d, that the rear might come up, and the men be fresh
fur action. I 1
*r Having rested for the space of an hour, %%c
again moved forward, but had not piaoc.ede,'
ab, ve a mil: when a sharp fire of musquetry was
herd in front, aid shortly afterwards a mounted
officer came galloping to the rear, who desired
us to quicken our pace, for the advanced guard
was engaged. At this intelligence the ranks
were closed, and the troops advanced at a quick
rate and in profound silence. The firing still
continued, though from its running and irregular
sound, it promised little else than a skirmish;
but whether it was kept up by detached parties
alone, or by the outposts of a regular army, we
could not tell; because, from the quantity of
wood with: which the country abounds, and the
total absence of all hills or eminences, it was im-
possible to discern what was going on at the dis-
tance of half a mile from where we stood.
*- We were now drawing near the scene of ac-
tion,. when another officer came at full speed to-
wards us, with horror and dismay in his counten-
ance, and (llitoi aloud for a surgeon. Every
man felt within himself that ail was not right,
tlo'uigh none was,willing to believe the whispers
of1 s own terror. But what at first we would not
guess at, because we dreaded it so much, was
scon realized-.for the aid-de-camp had scarcely
passed when the general's horse, without his ri
Ide, and with the sad-le and housings stained
wilh blood, came plunging onwards. Nor was
n",'h time given for fearful surmise as to the
extent of our misfortune.
In a few moments we reached the ground
where the skirmishing had taken place, and be-
held poor Ross laid by the side of the road, under
a canopy of blankets, and apparently in the ago-
nies of death. As soon as the firing began, heI
had ridden to the front, that he might ascertain
from whence it originated, and, mingling with the
skirmishers, was shot in the side by a rifleman.
The wound was mortal: he fell into the arms of
his aid-de-suamp, and lived only long enough to
name his wife, and to commend his family to the
protection of his country. He was borne towards
the fleet, but expired before his bearers could
reech the boats.
It is impossible to conceive the effect which
this melancholy, spectacle produced throughout
the army. By the courteousness and condescen-
sion of his manners, General Ross had secured
the absolute love of all who served under him,
from the highest to the lowest; and his success
on a former occasion,.as well as his judicious ar-
rangements on the present, had inspired every one
with the most perfect confidence in his abilities.
His very error, if error it may be called in so
young a leader--I mean that diffidence in himself
which had occasioned some loss of time on the
march to Washington---appeared now to have left
him. His movements were at once rapid and
cautious ; nay, his very countenance indicated a
fixed determination and a perfect security ofsuc-
cess, All eyes were turned upon him as we
passed, and a sort of involuntary groan ran from
rank to rank, from the front to the rear of the co-
By the fall of our gallant leader, the com-
mand now devolved upon Col. Brook, of the 44th
regiment, an officer of decided personal courage,
but perhaps better calculated to lead a battalion
than to guide an army. Being informed ot his
unexpected and undesired elevation, he came to
the front, and we continued to move on, sorrow-
ful indeed, but not dejected. The skirmishing
had now ceased, for the American riflemen were
now driven in; and in a few minutes we found
ourselves opposite to a considerable force, drawn
Up with some skill<.and occupying a strong posi-
tion. Judging from appearances, I should say
that the corps now opposed to us amounted to six
or seven thousand men. They covered a neck
of land very much resembling that which we had
passed, having both flanks defended by little in-
land lakes y the whole of their position was well
wooded, and in front of their line was a range of
high polings5 similar to those which intersected
the field ot Bladensburg. About the centre, tho'

some way advanced, was a farm house with its
out-buildings and stack-yard, and near to the
right ran the main road. Their artillery, which
could not greatly exceed our own, either in weight
of metal or number of guns, was scattered along
the line of infantry in nearly the same order as it

had been at Bli Je?:.srurg, -nd their reserve was and were thus enabled to cure some prisoners ; --- - --
partly see: d partly hid by a thick wood. an event,which their more immediate flig' t had, COMMUNICATION.
.The b-'hole of this country is flat and unbrok- on the other occasion, prevented. In the capture
en. About.half a mile in rear of where they of guns, however, we were not so fortunate.
stood, are moies heights, but to occupy these as Their pieces being light, and well supplied with OL tROTHE PARII ,Es .
they shoul-i be occupied would have required a horses, they contrived to carry off all except two; Being confined by the rain, 1 will give you a
much great r numberof men than the American both of which would have also escaped but for translation of parts of a valuable work published
general could muster. Their general, therefore, the shootingof the leaders. by Mr. Henry Storch, of Petersburgh.
exhibite' some judgment in his choice of ground, But, considering the nature of the ground "As a Society becomes rich, the natural
but perhaps he would have exhibited more had which they occupied, the number of killed and wants of man are augmented by a number of ar-
t,. inclinedd a pitched battle altogether. Yet, to wounded in the American army was enormous; tificial wants, and every new want gives a value
do him justice, I repeat that the ground was well while in ours the casualties were much fewer to every new product of the earth which serves
chosen; for, besides the covering of the wood than might, have been expected. The. 21st and, to satisfy that want."
which he secured for his own people, he took seamen suffered in .st c:-el e;, And the 85th and The value of land rises, as it is nearer and
care to leave open fields in front; by which means light companies a itle-; bh,t had our gallant gen-: narer to a market, and vice versa. Land far
we were of necessity exposed to a galling fire as eral been spared, we should have pronounced from a market, may not even pay the expense of
soon as we came within range. Of one error, this a little glorious, because a comparatively cultivation; thus we see all over tie.world much
however, he was guilty. Either he did not pos- bloodless day. In the loss of that one. man, how- good land remain neglected." "Before the time
sess himself of the farm house at all, or he suf-, ever, we felt ourselves more deeply wounded of Peter the Great, the land round Petersburgh
fered it to be taken from him with very little re-I than if the best battalion in the army had been sa- belonging to the government yielded only 10,000
distance; for,.on the arrival of the column at the crificed. r ubles, which now yields many millions."
ground where it was to form, it was in the pos- In following up the flying enemy, the same When the Parliament of England formed
session of our advanced guard. He was likewiset obstacles which presented them lves at Bladens- the project of ameliorating the roads to counties
to blame in not filling the wood upon our left with burg, again came in the way. The thick woods tar from the capital, the neighboring counties of
skirmishes. In sh-)rt, he acted foolishly in mere- quickly screened the fugitives, and even our London petitioned against the execution of the
ly attempting to repel attacks without ever dream- mounted drivers were wanting, their horses hav- project. These distant provinces," they said,
ing that the most effectual mode of so doing is ing been taken for the use of the artillery, no in consequence of the low price of labor, will
to turn the tables and attack the assailants, effectual pursuit could be attempted. We ac- s 11 their grain, and hay, &c. at a lower price in
As our troops came up, they filed off to the cordingly halted upon the field of battle, of ne- the London market than we can afford them at,
right and left, and drew up, just within cannon cessity content with the success we had obtained; and thus our cultivation will be ruined." Yet ac-
shot, in the following order: The light brigade, and having collected the -tr..geleis, and called cording to Mr. Smith's statement, these declaim-
consisting, as I have formerly stated, of the 80th upon the pursueim, it was resolved to pass the ers have ever since ecrn tents rise and cultivation
regiment, and the other light companies of the night in this situation. Fires were therefore increase.'
other corps in extended order, threatened the' lighted, and the tro.pis dii.tibuted in such nlan. .' When the price fl Lhrar rites in consequiece
whole front of the American army. The 21st nor as to secure a tolerable position in case of of increased capital- tniployed in marn..,la..tu ,
remained in column upon the road ; the 4th mov. attack; and the wounded being removed into two the certain sign,ofa prospering coiintr%, this rise
ed off to the right, and advanced to a thicket to or three houses scattered along the ground, the If labor has very little effect on the price of ma-
turn the enemy's left; and the 44th, the seamen victors lay down under the canopy of heaven." nufactures, because it is compensated by reduc-
and marines, formed line in the rear of the light ed interest, and reduced profits, wh ,h Ai ge capi-
brigade. talists can afford; besides, increased capitals tend
While this formation was going on, the ar. lROAM TE ~oROLt BEACON. to augment the productive faculties of labor,
teA T that is to say, to diminish the quantity of labor in
tillery being brought up, opened upon the Ame- e Wlooping- .(' h cured by Vaccination. rdui ay t odiminisltythe quanti in
rican army, and a smart cannonade ensued upon Inflnenced by motives of humanity for a large o
both sides. That our guns were well served, I and e arly interesting lar f labor is pushed further, theanager acquires
and pecharly.interesting classof our common ore intelligence, the wkmen mre dexterity,
myself can bear witness; for I saw the shrapnel ty,who are now laboringnder Whoopin-Cough, ore intelligence, te workmen more dexterity,
shells which were thrown froth-them strike among t ha reno labori mund Cer follopingCoghand they are .uziitcml by better tools. Thus the
thel enemy, awd intke fearful gaps in the line. I am induced to commurncaie the following, on goods made actually cost less, and can be sold
Our rockets likewise began to play, one of which, finally r ,g tlemost tormenting disease of aer withad h e ae A a
falling short, lighted tIr, ho l-ic in the barn finfanyrlelature. tI ost torme noting disease owl nufacturer with a ready home market, and rich
yard belonging to the farm house, and immedi- avail themselves of the practice recommended, wholesale purchasesmay turn .is capital four
ately set it on fire. The house itself, the stables, a re te the et ill be ss times in the year' whilst he who is obliged to
bartelys, and out-houses hou, as well as allf, the stablhes, can assurethem the result ill be satisfactory send it abroad can only turn it once, and also in.
btackrns, soon caught houses, s e and werthe otherquickly and fully proved y xperine. curs risque. The former, therc oic, .at 2, per
stacks, soon caught it. flones, and there quickly Thand A ltiincM an able physician, John cent. profit each time, obtains 10 per cent. whilst
i a state of conflagita, together with; and th e sm oe and Archer, M. D. ul H ,rlo'd county, in Maryland, the other ought to receive 2."
hl.e hich the carried, together with the roar sites to his friend, Dr.'Mitchill, of New York: The author gives many calculations to demon-
,..t c :uno, and -1 s1,es .1 the guns, produced alto. The author gives many calculations to demon-
gcther a very fine effect. You may recollect that abouNree o 0ou8years state this position, and we farmers ought to con-
In the mean tire, the American artillery was. ago, I mentioned to you, that it was my opinion that vac- sider how much more advantageous home mar-
not idle. Pushing forward two light field-pieces cination would cure the Tussus Convulsiva; that I had kets would be to us; he proceeds as follows:
upon the road, they opened a destructive fire of made one experiment, and that it succeeded fully to my "Thus, notwithstanding the pr;ce of wages rises
grape upon the 21st regiment, and such of the expectations. I mentioned the case to several physi- in a country a~' .iAclin, i enriching itself, the cir-
gTcials, and requested their making a trial of its effects, icurnstance we have just considered, enables this
sailors as occupied that.point. Three other guns when they sh, ,l haveany patents with whooping-cough.
were directed againstaur a tillery, between which The beneficial effects of vaccination above mentioned, country to sell cheaper, than their poor neigh-
and several of our pieces a sort of duel vwas main- determined me, in every instance that occurred of the bors, although wages are there lower. That kind
tainted ; and the res-t played without ceasing up whooping-cough, to vaccinate. I therefore have vaccin- of inerchandise which must rise by the price of
the 85th and the light compa ies, who had lain atedsix or eight patients that had the whooping.cough, labor, is the kind which principally consists of
down while the other reginients took up their distressing'disease. raw materials, and which does not admit ofdimi-
ground. Neither was their infantry altogether The whoopin.g-cough does not come to its height in less nution by machinery."
quiet. They marched several strong bodies from than six weeks from its commencement, and then, when There are sectarians of the mercantile sys-
h riht to the left, and withdrew others from favorable termination is expected, the declension of the tern, who assert that the rise of labor is destruc-
the left to the right of their line, though for what disease is gradual,and it does not terminate in less than live of national wealth, because it raises the price
end this arching and counter-marching was un- weere, t w would arrest thisafccing disorder inn ts c of exportable articles, which is injurious to the
fluctuating, it was curious to observe their dread symptoms of thle whooping cough are fully ascertained, for a moment that the.argument were true, what
of every spot where a cannon-ball had struck then to vaccinate. Shouid the convulsive cough be vio- kind of wealth is that which consists in keeping
of e-y spot wvhi-r;e a n b- lent, I should immediately vaccinate ; being well assured miserable the most numerous class in the state,
Having seen the shots fall, I kept my eye upon that the distressing symptoms ofthewhooinhe mos numerous classgh arein the ate
one or two places, and perceived that each corn- checked by vaccine disease. The termination of the merely to provide foreigners cheaper, who
panty, as it drew near to those points, hung back, vaccine disease will be the termination of the ilooping- profit by the privations imposed .upon our-
and then assuming, as it were, a momentary cou- cough ; that is, as soon as the vaccinated part loses the selves? The workmen who live by wages com-
rage, rushed past, leaving a vacancy between it efflorescence, and the scab begins to dry and becomes pose the major part of society; can one then re-
andthecom bepanyish or brownish olour, there ill the be an guard as a disadvantage to the nation, that which
and the company which next succeeded, evident change in the whooping-cough for the better, g
All this while the whole of our infantry ex- and the severe symptoms will cease. ameliorates the lot of the greater part of it? A
cept the 4th regiment, lay or stood in anxious ex. Thus, of two formidable diseases, to which the human society cannot surely be deemed prosperous
pectation of an order to advance. This, however, race are liable, the Small Pox and whoofing-cotigh, the when the major part of its members are poor and
as not given till that regiment had reached first it prevented, and the latter is cured. miserable. Equity enjoins that those who feed,
-as not -given till that regiment 1sd reached the These, observations I conceived it my duty to commtt-
thicket through which it was to make its way; nicate. You will disposeofthem as may be most agreeclothe, and lodge, &c. the nation should them-
when Col. Brook, with his staff, having galloped able to you."2 selves obtain a sufficiency from their labor to be
along the line to see that all was ready, corn- themselves tolerably well fed, clothed, and lodg.
handed the signal to be made. The charge was A Teacher Wanted. ed."
.ccoramingly sounded, and echoed back from eve SINGLE man, of good ci,,t ,ctir. a1,i well qualified The above mentioned writer proceeds in the
ry bugle in the army, when starting from the A to teach the dead languages, Algrebra, Mathematics, nextparagraphito shewhow the difference between
ground where they had lain, the troops moved ii Geography, and Astronomy, will meet with immediate 5 and 7 per cent. interest, operates much more
in a cool and orderly mancr-. A dreadful dis- employment and a good-salary as tutor in a private tfami injuriously than two per cent. rise of wages. The
of grape and carl anstet- shotaofuol lokis-, ly. Application may be made to W. Barry, of Balt-i. imner, lie shows, increases geometrically, and
charge of grape and cannister shot, of old locks, more, to w. Leary, Pricipal of the Alexandria l ere g etrcall and
pieces of broken muskets, and every thing which Academy, or to the subscriber, residing near Salem, the latter only arithmetically; and to prove this,
they cold cram into their guns was now sentiorth Fadquier County, Va. lie gives the follomi ing calculation of a manufac-
from the whole ofthe enemy's artillery, and some may 31-2w CH ANDLER PRYTON. turer who pays five per cent. and wages two per
loss on our side v as experienced. Regardless NOTICE cent. and that of another who pays seven per ct.
of this, our rmen went on, without either quicken- I S hereby given that, by virtue of an order of the Or- interest, and no increase of wages.
ing or retarding their pace, till they came within I phans' Court of St Mary's County, made on the wili A. The first pays for flax, 1,000
an hundred yards of the American line. As yet, of Richard Sothoron, by which order I am appointed wages, 1,000
S,. e -, ,- Trunste. I shall exponnse tn a the Lands devised b said -- 9 000

not a rmusket nabu eeen nl ec, or a word spoken on
either side, but the enemy now raising a shout,
firrd a volley from right to left, and then kept up a
rapid and ceaseless discharge of musquetry. Nor
were our pample backward in replying to these
salutes; for giving them back both their shout
and their volley, we pushed on at double quick,
with the intention of bringing them to the
." The bayonet is a weapon peculiarly British;
at least, it is a weapon, which, in the hands of a
British soldier, is irresistible. Though they
maintained themselves with great determination,
and stood to receivee our fire till scarcely twenty
,yards divided us, the Americans would not ha-
zard a charge. On our left, indeed, where the
21st advanced in column, it was not without
much difficulty and a severe loss, that any attempt
to charge could be made; for in that quarter
seemed to be the flower of the enemy's infantry,
as well as the main body of their artillery; to-
wards the right, however, the clay was quickly
won. The only thing to be regretted, it:deed,
was that the attack had not been for some time
longer deferred; because the Amermicans were
broken and fled, just as the 4th regiment began
to show itself upon the brink of the water which
covered their flank; and before a shallow part
could be discovered, and the troops were enabled
to pass, they had time to' escape."
i As soon as their left give way, the whole A-
merican army fell into confusion; notr do I recol-
lect on any occasion to have witnessed a more
complete route., Infantry, cavalry, and artillery
were huddled together,, without the smallest re-
gard to order or regularity. The sole subject of
anxiety seemed to be which should escape from
the field of battle; insomuch, that numbers were
actually trodden down, by their countrymen in the
hurry of their flight. Yet, in spite of the short
duration of the action, which lasted little more
than two hours ufrom its first commencement, th'.
enemy's loss was severe.
They st 'od in some respects better than they
sad done at Bladensburg, consequently, we were
more entangled with them when they gave way,

will to Clarissa, Harriot, and Ann Sothoron, daughters of
the said Richard Sothoron, on a credit of six and twelve
months, the buyer to give bond with approved security
on the day of sale, which will bte on the premises, on Sa-
turday the 9th day of June next.,
ma, 5-rn4
SAAC ADAMS le,[ec,-cll'il nit rms his friends and
it the public that he tias taken that must conret ient
Ihuse formerly occupied by Davnl Weathcrly & Co.
iThe.hiorse being in good order for. the accommodation
ol visitors,, travellers, &c.. he flatters himself that his
attention to business will entitle him to a share of public
patronage. Such as wish to visit the natural curiosities
of this place can he accommodated with private rooms,
if required, and ;A1 necessaries both for themselves and
june 1-3t

Increase of wages,
Interest at 5 per cent.
B. The same amount,
Interest 7 per cent.

lie then supposes two weavers to buy
Those from A costing 2,121
The workmen employed at 1,000,
and two per cent. rise of wages, 1,020
Interest 5 per cent,

And those from B, 2,140
With increase of two per cent. 1,000
Interest 7 per cent.



- 2,140
the articles.

157 1.20
3,298 1-20

3,359 4-5

NOTICE. You thus see that the rise of 2 per cent. in
APPLICATION will be made by the subscribers at the wages increases the price of cloth only 44 1-20,
Treasury of the United States for the renewal of whilst the 2 pet' cent. rise of interest augments
Certificate No. 6459, dated the 11th January,1793, for the price of the cloth 104 80-100." .
g6000 3 per cent. stock, standing in the name of Antho- The Farmers and planters'ought not only to
ntus Driessen, and issued from the Treasury, which ceer- have agricultural societies, t also societies fto
tificate has been lost. have agricultural societies, but also societies for
LEROY, BAYARD & Co. political economy. Their attention would then
may 14-eo6w be paid to internal markets, alh ays at hand, with-
Valuable Farm for sale. I out foreign competition, in preference to foreign
r WILL exchange for the stock of any ,ne of the sol- distant precarious markets. Commerce is de-
vent Banks in the District of Columbia a valuable sirable to take away supera'iundance, and to bring
farm in the County of Prince William, containing 655 back the raw materials of other climes, but, in
acres, situate within 32 or 3 miles of Alexandria, and 25 a country having extensive territories, is a con-
of Frcdericksburg, a large art.of which being low tam pible obhjct whencopard ith h
grn tnd may be converted into meadow or grazing land. p object when copar ith home
timothy grass, and white clover, are the natural pro- markets. We must discard the prejudices of
ducts of the soil. Laurence G. Alexander, Esq. who re- planters, now we are independent.
sides near, will shew the farm to any who may be induc- Raw cotton costing only one trouble may be
ed tericksbrgiew it. P. HARR N. made, when manufactured, worth 7,000 roubles,
redericsbrg, may 10-eow and a piece of iron costing ho cents may be con-

I WILL SELL verted into watch springs worth 120,000 doubles."
Tht- above mentioned I'.rm, at public sale, upon the We have for six years persevered in the ruin-
premises, on Friday the 29th inst. upon a credit of three ous experiment how a nation can support the re-
yers. Posseummn will be given in timeto putin a crop auction of its circulating medium, the destruc-
ulograin during the ensuing fall.
And, at the same time and place, anl upon the like tion ot its capitalists, and the inipoverishiment of
cr (lit, I will sell a parcel of likely young Slaves. its industrious classes. Every year we have fall-
The above is truly a beautiful farm, and is situated in a en, fallen, fallen, fallen, fallen, fallen, from our
fine neighborhood, and will be positively sold to the high estate. I seriously solicit fi'om our finan-
higlest bidder on the day above mentioned; as will also ciers information when we may expect to recomn-
the abuvc mentioned slaves.
jy.ne 2-- p. IIARRISON. I mnence ascending? Will manufactures be esta-

blished withoIut inoney i' I. estabishcd by.loan
at high interest, how can consumers be found to
pay for manufactures ?.
SHow can the former build barns, stables, &c.
without money ? Foreigners will not take our
grain because they prefer encouraging their own
farmers, we therefore make stocks to pay for
I have unceasingly labored for six years to
evince the inevitable decline which would ensue
from- our present policy, and to demonstrate how.
we might have surpassed every other nation by
a contrary policy. I approve of perseverance
when any rational expectation of ultimate benefit
can be pointed out. I only desire to be instruct-
ed how and when we may .-hope to be relieved
from distress. I have not indulged in forebodings
merely, but have suggested a remedy founded
upon facts, and upon incontrovertible principles.
Mr. Skinner has rendered great service to his
country by his publications on agriculture, and
I hope that some equally zealous, assiduous, in-
telligent person, would establish a work to en.
lighten farmers on political economy. We cul-
tivate in h pes of selling; if we cannot sell, we
must cease to cultivate. Whither are we to go?
Cotton has fallen as well as tobacco. The pros-
pects of a European war exhilirated us-for a day
or two, but they have vanished, and wheat has
fallen again. How painful to rely upon the ca-
shalties and caprices of other nations., If we
made our owin (luthhiii, our own ironmongery,
&c. we, farmers might receive for our products
one or two lhirn.hl'i millions more.than wt now
do. You will be surprised when I mention one
or two hui-dred millions, yet how easily 'h, v are
made by increase -of capital and of machinery.
The British government collected by taxec-
200,000,000 of dollars .per annum, and spent by
loans 150,000,000 of dollars per annum, during
the war, and yet flourished in a surprising man-
ner. Again I entreat of my brother farmers to
form societies to study and to impart their selti.-
ments on political economy.
NoTrE.-The Waltham factory consumed in 1819
1400 bales omf 300 lb. of cotton, or 420,000 lb. and made
1,25 ,,..'-, I.u i., t', :.,h.,, ci,i i at 20 ets. amount to 250-.
00, d,_h.l li tih |,.,,,I m. ,i...ycd are .00, of i.;. -I., '.
are females. Here is a gain to the nation ,t lgu,,,ji)
dollars, if the the cotton be even j.:j,,..r I,-i .j estimated,
at 150,000 dollars; think howv mAiiy (cthir [-.i... .I,..
il-e sUiipp ...I-. I 1 the 1-., ,.i0,,|1 i i, hI m 1 1 .t it 1 ,.-
to circulte id ci.lu-ir c ;,.lilsln.t a:,,-h t'IV, ,0 .'1- hl-,,I
to our c,tm,,,-, ,,,mi,. ,' i ..:,g ,,at abroad in specie
or in stocks:.
If 300 persons acquire 100,000
3000 at the same rate I ..,J.
30,000 10,000,000
300,000U 100,000,000
how few persons, and those principally iemnales, arei
required to create a hundred million of dollars'! Ifthe
distressed of our country were thus employed, they-
would consume more cotton, more wool, &c..: the farmer
would be the great beunefiter. It is easy to prove that
we might soon undersell Great Britain in foreign tmar.
kets. "
I admit that the price of the cloths would fall as the
quantity increased, asind that the profits would be less.
It is said that the Waltham proprietors now gaun 25 per
cent. Why, it will be asked, do uot others go ilto busi-
ness ? It is replied, they dare not borrow of banks, and
monied men prefer the funds. Confidence has been
destroyed by the nuiierous bankruptcies. Let money,
however, be in sufficiency, and interest low, and manu-
factures will soon revive.

AJn excellent Farm for sale.

SY virtue of a decree of tie honorable the Chancery
Court of Maryland the subscriber wit' sell, at pub-
ic sale, at 1 o'clock, on Tresdav the 26th last. at the
New Exchange, city of Baltimore, all that Farm, distant
1 miles from Princess Alnne, Somerset county, Md.
formerly owned by he Rev Hamilton Bell, and latterly
by Mr. Gideon Pearce, composed of the tracts oft land
called I Hamilton's Fortune,' C!,;ver Fields,' and Wal-
ton's Improvement,' containing upwards of.1000 acres of
Sand. k
This faim lies about 1 i"le from navigable water, and
has on it abwat 7 .i' .-r., ,of fine tii. her lor :;,ip building.
Tre. improvements are of brick, and there are fine or-
chards. on it. The situation is healthy; the cleared land
is g 'od,and the soil of the woodland is very fine; the
whole well watered. The county academy, which is
stated to be one of the best seminaries in the state, is
built on a part of this land.
The terms of sale, as prescribed' by the decree, are:
one-fourth cash, the balance in tiiee equalirstalments
of 6, 12, and 18 months, notes with approved security
being given, with titerest from the date.
Any further nt...l.. .. ..n may be obtained upon appli-
cation at the office of the Trustee, corner of St. Paul's
laie and Chatham street
Baltimore, june 1-2awts

Edmund Law, as well on behalf of himself as others the
creditors o!' William Dupuy, deceased, vs. Jhn
Dupuy, Sarah Dupuy, John Albro and Elizabeth
his wife, heirs at law of the said William Dupay,
and James Davidson, administrator of William
i .HE bill in this case states that, on or about the 21st
I Nov mbor, 1815, William Dupuy died. initestate,
without issue, being seized of both real and personal pro-
perty, and leaving a .widow, who is since dead, and the
defendants John Dupuy, Sarah Dupuy, John Albro and
Elizab.- th, his helirsat law. That James Davidson admi.
nistered oni said Williain D)puy's estate, a:d returned
ati inventory to the Orpha-as' Cour amounting to S1683
62, whirs was not sufficient to pay the tiebs due theri.
frum, and which debts will remain unpaid unless the
real estate of the said W. Dupuy is brought ii aid of the
personal property and app.ied to the payment of said
debts. 'tluat the said W. Dupuy was seized in fee of a
lot of land sitnaeTi is th ecty of WVassiingmon, being lot
No. 6, n sq mare 254 and that a power of attorney was
executed by in said heirs of W. D)upy to the defanid-
ant James Day .son. in Maym, 1S16, to sell the said lot.
T"at a sale ac-ordigly t)ok pace, wiv en a certain Fre-
derick Reitz b.camTe the purchaser, but, being advised
that a good title could not be made by the slid David-
son, attorney as afiresad. hbe refused to'pay '.he purchase'
money until the said (Isvidson, with sureties, would ex.
ecute a bond to him bor thie repayment of the purcts-:e
money in case hie, the said '.em.z, should be disturbed in-
te mposeasii of the lotmt nl evicted trom the same.
That such a bo:md was executed ty tlhe said Jatnes Da-
vidsont, with this cuomphlaiant anS John l)lvidson a:s his
slurties, whe.eupon the, said purchase m-oney wis paid..
The object of the bill is, that thie said 'Freiderictk leitz
clay-ue confirmed in his title to said ot against thle heir-s
of sati W Iup. adI the e: pla ant the lclpon dis-
ctlirgcd from I- ., -i si3 e tau iy in sa i !uot and
that the sait i ... i .... may te ordained and de-
creed to distribu'.te aTmong thie creditors ot said W. On-
ltuy the purchase money so received by lhinm'or their said
And it having been altegtd that tin defendants, Johli
litit0y, Sari} DtIir, tiy, ,.)!)t!i At!s!hi' and Elizaiibetih his wite,
reside onut of the Ur ted States i the British p ovioces
of Cmanada and Nova Scotin :

It is, therteipi' t, ti- i 0t h t y ol 'ay, IS t, ordered!
that, unless lme s-i dfendn.lts s;. amid ans.' r tm
the saiMd bUil of coM p inm on uor betl'i the ;e'st Mod'o.ldr
of October next, thIe s il i vWilon t 'en tFor cnts.c-
Provided, tl.i: ord:r be pubtidsh in the Ntional Ni e-
ligencer once a week for Four tmotu.'.u befr.ore the first
day ofOctober ne ,.
By order: ;V.m. BieN'l",
june 5-w-4:n ;ie:'k.