National intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00009
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: October 18, 1817
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00009
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text



(.Tuesdays, 'T1irsdays, and Saturdays)
AT SIXa .1Oi,LA1 % rE Ai.N'C.-is AlIyke.E.

FRIDa. 2 OC OliE 17. 0

RrCHARD RUSH, late Attorne) Gene-
ral of the, United States, is appointed by
the President to be Envoy Extraordinary
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great
Britain. It is understood he will take his
depai ture in the Frankhn 74, capt. STEw-
AHr, from Annapolis, whither that ves-
sel is to proceed from Ptiladelphia.
The successor of Mr. Rush to the of-
fice of Attorney General, is not yet ap-

JOHNs WILLIAMS is re-elected a Sena-
tor to Congress from the state of Tennes-
see without opposition.

WILLiAM W. Bina, late Senator in
Congress from Georgia, has :received
from the President the commission of
Governor of the Territory of ALABAMA.

A Subscriber it'Norfolk desires us to
notice the. great disproportion beiweir,
the fees allowed tq the Revenue Officers
'on Atmerican vessels in the..British Co-
lonies, atd those'llaowert our porn-or-
British vessels. The following is a table
of fees which it appears have been iec .:t-
ly established by the Commissioners of
the Treasury of Great Britain, to be de-
manded of vessels,entering. the British
On mnerican vessels entering with or wi hovt
S. lnd clearingff with r -.without cargoes. '
Cot oietor. 2 searchers. 4 waiters.
Under' 0 tons,. 18 8 1
;r6in 50 to 1,.0 24 10 14
130 to 2uu 30 14 18
200 to 3,U0 36 16 24
3UO o 400 42 18. 2
401) & upwards 48 20 28
To these excessive fees, those denian-
dable in our ports alffrd a strong contrast
certainly.. British vessels entering Ame-
rican ports, pay : :,
If uinde1r loJ tons, with dutiable goods, on
board, '
Ifin ballast, 2 16
Over 400 tons, with dutiable goods
on board, 5 50,
Ifin balli;La .. : .. ... I':.

'are.for the use of i,'-e uthcers,narae.i,
the Collector, the. Naval Officer, and the
Surveyor of our ports.,
Our informant suggests that justice
requires something like reciprocity in
these charges. Certainly, as far as the
merchant is concerned, this reciprocity
is desirable, anc' ought to'be expected ;
but the amount of these fees beats no pro-
portion to that of the discriminating du-
ties on cargoes imported into the British
Colonies. This subject, every reader
will recollect, not being at all covered by
the Commercial Convention with Great
Britain, was before Congress at their last
session, who then determined not to adopt
any countervailing measures. 'When the
subject is resumed by Congress, as it no
doubt will be in some shape or other, the
exorbitancy of these fees will doubtless
also come into view.
In regard to the comparative emo!u-
ments of the Revenue Officers of Great
Britain and of the United States, as con-
nected with this subject, it is scarcely'ne-
cessary to observe that the emoluments
of our revenue officers bear no propor-
tion to those of the governments of Eu-
rope, even to those of the lowest gradua-
tion, and it is hoped never will. The ge-
nius of Republican government forbids
enormous compensation to its officers;
though perhaps the Collectors of the Re-
venue are not the only officers of the go-
vernment, whose emoluments might be,
somewhat increased without disadvantage
to the public interest.

It is with infinite 'satisfaction we in-
form our readers that the Pennsylvania
Election is over. It took place on Tues-
day last. .The votes for Governor in the
City of Philadelphia.and the precincts ap-
pear to have been as follows:
For William Findlay 858.
For Joseph Hiester 5934.
It is impossible to say which Candidate
will succeed. The majority for Mr.
Hiester in the Philadelphia district is not
greater than, trom all appearances, we
had suppbsed'he would obtain.

F Much.indignation has been excited a-
gainst aman in the western states who
sold his wile fori 325 dollars. Underfa-
your, this is no bad specimen of the
state of the market for that article in this
country, as the last prices in Englanid va-
ried from.sixpence to two guineas ; they
must be either scarce or of a better qua-
lity 'in the new world.-.Mit. Adv.y

It is not TALLEYItAiNDI the former Bish- EUROPEAN INTELLIGENCE. i:, tr ,.. as in pursuit of their individu.
op of Aiutindaf-aPiice of Betevento un- al inter ests.-[Sun.
der the apoleon dynasty, who is appoint- LONDON,AUG. ^2, i .xON, AUG. 29.
ed a Cardinal and.created Archbishop of The funds were rather dtprtsed yes It is gravely asserted, by the 'vloining
Paris. It is his uncle, formerly Arch- terday, on account of the extensive pur- Chronicle- this day' upon authority of
bishop of Mheims, always a staunch ihour- chasers not being able to take the stock thet first. respectability that a"' Treaty
bonite, and now ninety years.of age, who -they had.contrnactedfor.. We understand 'has been carried into effect, under the
has returned to the country from which that, at the close 6of the nouiket. abo,"e poerful mediation of ltiissia, binding
he was an exile for twenty years, and re- W4.s,Oti'"'. w'as put to public sale; Thei' (;rcat Liritai and the ,other maritime
ceived this appointment. T''his explana- were no defaulters, The -prices' are pour' to join in concert to effect the
tion is believed necessary to. correct erro- again improving. At 1 o cl....I console sub ai.ssion and pacification of the Spant-
neous impressions which have. gone a- were at 80 1-4for money, and 81 for the ish colo ies." Indeed, were sucl a
broad., account. treaty inr ci t rn t. .-', the /A.,.erfu
.--"- : S'M ". .EpTEMrER 1.. mediation'of Russia," would not be, re
EDITORS' CORRtisPOxDENCE. One of the Paris Journals has a report quired for'the purpose. It is a novelty,
-' of important negbciations 'being on foot in European, politics, for which we ..are
ST. MtaTS, GEO. ocr. 4. between the Court of St. Petershuirgh and indebted to the VMorning Chronicle, to
I am obliged to you for t'he friendly the Governinent of the United States, hear ofaiiarrangemenz between the mar-
inanner in which you vouched for the ve- which are supposed to' be carrying "on itime powers of Europe, in which Eng-
racity of my communication to you of the! with Mr. Pinkney, the Americah 'Mihis. Jandis to act -burdhrnely tto.- lussia
5th August. assured tihen a van. ter at the Russian Court. The rutLor. England,.by !iLr Ipo,,n,r,, b. trjI'lavy,
5th August. .Be assured.I then advan. however, is extremely v.,gue, anid seem- by her resourcI.-I., rnmut iiWrys I. thl,
ed nothing but what can be established, to be rather an inference from some at lead, not follow in ahI thr ai.~.r "ny ar-
The events which have since- followed, tentions paid to Mr'. Pinckfey, thai'.a rangemets i' ai mai."ii i.t y..er
have fully justified what Ithenwroteyou. statement founded upon any authority. She will'no: accp ..r't'
General M'Gregor, and almost every There is another rumor of at negocia- of her etertions iJV. iiffab
honorable man, has-left Amelia Island in otin, havir ngfr its object a marriage be- tope,. -he p M.,:e ii '6d .,b-'rth"
disgust tween Prince 'Oscar, 'of Sweden, and ita .".respectable ti\ f '3 W '<
disgust' : Princess of Saxony. Chroncle. T'". fnen' l bl.I,.,+
"A commodtore Aury, from Galves- Five military men were to be tried on clientt to deterii: n thl'e e.iln .iy.l the
town, commands there at present ;.and.it Thursday, at Paris, by the First Council statement. ;ut it mai.y le Imi hhiolded
is now openly declared, that Amelia of War, on a charge.of conspiring to as-, that the maritime.powers of Europehave
Island is all the teritory they want.. In sassinate the Princes, of the Royal Fa-. no disposition to force the colonies of
Islay i atyil. South A.me-ric.a into unreserved sub-
the harbor zt that place perhaps there are .. Nur .ile, the msson. They would be to see th
now-....... x Aco;,tia to aNurerabumriz article, th c.na ssion. .-'They would be glad o see' the
now.sixeor.eight prize vessels : amongst. Russian army is abaut to be placed up:-,i struiegic between them' and the mother
TtIhreitar'a-'Paetch-brig..IThe- JiL'I: peace et.io.isjhmunt. 'country terminated; and if propositions
of Florida have not only reason now to be A Rov.i Ontikn-ie h-'3 l..i.n it4,:.d -urg -' fTereh, mutually beneficial to the
alarmed, but even on this side of the river in Fiance, confining the bountip, oia .t!i Spanish A mericanis atd to' 1' urope, they-
we may apprehend danger. One halfof importation .f''grain and flour,ta the por6t.s wn-,l be willing to mediate the accep
A urv' force, the whole of which perhaps of the Mediterranean, and those' of the. tance, as well as to guarantee the 'per-
ry force, the whoe of which perhaps ocean between the Spanish frontier and formahce of them .
is 550 men, is composed of brigands frontm the Gironde, inclusive. WVe have.seldom seen a more clumsy
St. Domingo ; even a number of the lieu- The Duke of .Wellington is expected fabrication. than this of the 'Morning
tenants of the different vessels are blacks. to review the Austriai and Wurte'nburg Chronicle. Without adverting to its
These are thle people who are to revolu- troops, in the neighborhood of Strasburgh, .felicities of phraseology, (tojoin 'incon-
tionize (it is supposed.abroad) the Floi- early in the' present month. cert may be taken as a specimen)'let us
.t i th i SEPrTEM'En 2. for a moment examine its assertions
das... It will be a happy thing if this per- .The bubbles now burstupoi t e Stock First a '-Treaty has been carried into -f"
nicious example be lost on the people of Exchange. A detaulter to' an immense fect, to effect the submission and paciii
of their complexion in our neighborhood, amount, was yesterday declared,whowas cation of the Spanish colonies."" Thets.
and insurrections might be confined to closely connected with th'e Jew interest ; of course, the war in South America is at
our unfortunate neighbors on the otlhr the alarnirm it created was hot confined to an end. Not only the insurgnts ae
side of te iveSt Marys. the House, for it spread out of doors, and actually subdued, bit they are pacifed,
se o te river t. arysthe Bankers having caught the flame, which, by the ,'ye, would be the hardest
-, .. have given notice that no -more advances part of the said maritime league; Agaia-::
Gr.xtsrxTv:. ., 1 will be niade to the Jews, and,.that the )his treaty must have been discussed and
If the Corporation have the power, I en- money ahread!y had must be rteturrn.~, settled, without the knowledge or concur
great them to pass an Ordinance.to prevent our The consequence will be, a mast material rence of Spain ; for though. it, has been
sight being offended by the passage of Slaves, depression, as the qitantity of stock held carried into effect,"-it is.4- nct -known.
r" i, '. ii t, t ,s by that party is immense, and must be bowfar the Spanish government will ad
S' ,-:-' -., -' '."rer t bi.o h t ,mrk-t. h- a,,toe fI l ,re ",' al- there clauses Indeed where
Ihe 1,ir t.i i w. | i:,. H, i ;.'. m n .I. '" .m'.1. %"" tcn fri it' very rioun' sconse-'- was this celebrated treaty negotiated.?
ize Congress on the subject. Che clay is not ."-e .'r"i't' .- -''- .-A-,Tlsbad, for we do not re-
far distant, I iope, when VF'q'rnia an"d "l aylan the deficiency, for' every person who had menb-er t ut any ?--pTT te -
will pass i lar statute.. his domestic Slave received a balance fromi the insolvents, w,i i t ,- r ,, ,i,.. ..
T s r .diomus to all ho come with bi in s p" m ust have returned it, eitheIrin person or the' ,> r~e -, t'.i -, t -- a-. i
Tr..les odious to all n ho corewithn ,tspo. by his broker, upon demand, otherwise league of continental despots," as tlhe
sonous sphere, and tothe letter would have been turned dut of Chronicle politely and amiably designates

October 17, 1817.M e r th 'verue. the' Stock Exchange. Upwards of the sovereigns of i.urope, this is surely
S300,000!. of stock was sold out of the box the strangest that, with the most kind and
-- on Wednesday last, and 100,0001. since, amicable intentions towards Spain, they
jMlessrs.. Gales S' Sieton: the gre test part of which belonged tothe .secretly mediate for her' with the revol
Through the medium of the Niational In- party that failed. 'This is a close holiday ; ted colonies, and carry their intentions
telligencer,lwou.ldc:allil.e attention of the pro- neither the 'Bank or Stock Exchange is iato effect," before they know whether
per authorities to the condition of' two of the open. she is willing to accept their mediation
hc!iants on th i epetnsyiv.ira avenn.e, the one Paris papers of Friday and Saturday in the manner they propose to exert it
at the corner <;rt Mr.' ilrvs h Ilinigs, tie other a t pi'r u1 sse
nearly ..i,.I. ..., -, avenue. These 1.i- have arrived. The King. of Prussia and So much for the acuteness ,with which
draints i. l. .i I six we~.ks have been the Duke of Wellington have left Paris ;' the Morning Chronicle advocates its own
so much out of order as to be nearly unsdess,aiikl the tornter for Aix la-Chappelle, the lat- cause. Like the manager of a well regi-
fbr the last fifteen Lmonths but little better.- ter for his head quartersmat Cambryv; The lated theatre, however, .it takes care to
This is a thickly settled part of the. city, ran amnesty extended by the King of France provide a constant succession of novelties
the neighbors I assure vol have been sulbiectld e b Ki o rrr
to serious inconvenience in -in-g compelled to to those who had committed excesses,in for the amusement of the public. The pro-
send a con.iicrabic distance for water, that consequence of the clearness o.r c.ca city of test of Maria Louisa was first brought out
great essential in the orderof house keeping'. provisions, has givei liberty'.t finy-live with great:ceremony,but had a very short
I have thus briefly menitionedithis matter, in persons at Mentz, filteen at Bdldeaux, & season ; for thought it lingered through
frll expectation that proelr measures will be seven at Rennes. two or thireecepresentations it was coon-
pro estly aelopied t ll edythe inconveniene. Yesterday we gave the substance of pletely damned (to use a critic phrase)
S' ACITIZEN. the trial of thefive ime who had cunspi- upon its first appearance. Then cameI
Washington, Sept. 16, 1817. red against the iives:fithe Royai l-'aily. the Congress of Carlsad, a .pretty little
Of these, Desbans afid Chlyoux have melo drama, which, by the help of some
T been cbndemnied to death ; Nepvue to ingeinuity. and a good dramatic persoice
She following is part of the informa- three yeaas imprisonment, and Varieg se was tolerably successful. But one of the
tion communicated by the commanam and Guicharrd have been acquitted, and' principals performers(Prince Metternich)
at lalia ormoso, to capt. Pierce of the restored to their regtii ent., coonuinug indisposed at the baths ot
stoop Paragon, in addition to what has The' French funds seldom experience: -Lucca,c and two others (SchwartzenburEg
been already published. any alteration, T-he.iie per cents are .an Hiiardenberg) having left'the theatre,
Some of the Patriots have gone into the 68f. 40c. Bank Actiim, 1,3 65f. it was suddenly withdrawn to make room
interior, and others li ve returned to their The contagious lever contim,,es to lr the farce of the Maritime Treaty.
homes,oal Portu ese n spread desolation thr ugh Ireland., Ori- This has been acted once, and we are
She .oyal Portuguese have, in this ginating in filth, wa t, and conlinemeni. sure ""ili not be repeated; for, we posi-
victory, gained possession of the whole it rages with the greatest fury in the jails tivey and unequivocally assert, in defi-
Brazil coast, and indeed the interior as far and circuit towns, I'll'. William Ridge. alce of the respectable authority" of
as can be ascertained. way, an eminent lawyIer, and a most wor- the Morning Chronicle, that the whole iMv
T'he commandant further stated, that thy man, lhas-fallein h victim to a fever a fidalehood. Now let the Morning Chro-
an intimate acquaintance of his, a colonel' caught while .attending his professional icie venture to disclose motives for giv-
of Bahia Forniosa, was shot at Pernain- duty on circuit, ati Trim. Mr. Justice ing currency to this faiseholod.
buco ; and that the Royalists would not Osborne, one of the Judges of the Court MI nisterial Paper.
have gained so decisive a conquest, if the of King's Bench, ihes dangerously ill with
country had been armed. The want of a likedisease. THE L.TST.
arms was the great cause (and several SEPTIM R 4I.
disaffected patriots) of' their total over- SEPTEMBER 4. BRIEF S, MMARY.
throw. He likewise informed, that two Extract of a letter received this morn- The king o, the Netherlands has ap-
Americarivesetel,.loaded with all kinds of ingdated Manchester, Sept. 2: pointed Commissioners to negotiate a
munitions of war, were taken goirig into VWe have again rery animated demand for Commercial Trea'ty with America. l'he
Pertnambucco,. by the squadron, and the every description of .amnutfacetured goods, par- conferences have been opened at the
ticularly to,' calicoes,, ail of which are now ta- aue.r .
crews were sent in irons to Rio Janiero; ketiu Outof the make' hands at an advice of Hague.
and that a few days after, an American 6d. per pieceon last week's prices. Yarns of A malignant fever is now raging
schooner, going into Persnnautco, dis- all sorts also meet a brisk demand, at impro- through every part of Ireland, and many
covering Portuguese colors on the castle, ving prices. The request fo'r raw cotton has, in deaths have taken place.
put about, when she.was attacked by one eotsequerace, been very considerable." The London Globe of Sept. 8, says,
of the squadrai n, but made her escape, The Morning Chronicle is attempting *-' The appearances of the Corn Market
after giving the Portuguese two broad- to throw ridicule on the Courier, for its this day ar'e extremely favorable. Wheat
sides." laudable endeavors to rescue the Jews has fallen 8 shillings per quarter below
----- from the contempt which is too often Monday's prices."
Mr. West's celebrated painting of cast upon them, We think that the Cou- ANprivate letter from Paris, dated Sep-
"Christ healing the Sick," presented by rier, in thii respect, shews a spirit of lib- tember 5, states that serious t-oubles
him to the Pennsylvania Hospital, arriv, eral toleration. It seems, however, to had broken out at Lyons, but had en
ed Philadelphia on Sunday last, on board have fallen into a mistake in supposing tirely suosided, and the march of the
the ship Electra, from London. It is said that when it supports the Jews.of the troops countermanded. Marshal Mar-
to have been insured for three thousand Stock Exchange, it is supporting the mont had been appointed to. the cornm-
guineas. A building has been erected .w/ihole of the Jewish world, since it is no- mand of the nineteenth Hilitary Divi-
excliisively for its i'eception and exhibi- torious that the Jews who frequent that sion, of which Lyns was to be the head
tion. 'place, are as much divided in their religi- quarters.-

Another private letter, but without
date, stated that an alarming insurrec-
tion had broken out at Lyons, equalling
in atrocity and violence, the most sanui-
inary .scenes of the ; evolution. ",Tha
streets are represented as streaming with
blood and leaped with dead bodies."
Among other 'victims to the deatruc-
tive fever which is raging through Ire-
lind,'is ,'Mr. Justice Osburn, His Load.
ship sunk under its attack on the 1st of
Scjternber.. .
'An advance from 7.1-2 to 10 per cent.
on ciury -article of ,cotton nmar.nLaclur-,
has taken place at Manchester, and is
readly.obtailed. ':
Great preparations are making through
Prussia and other places on-the continent,
Iri the t k-i r:ai.:.p ...' the cthturial festi-
,atl ii i.. l..l a~ l-finn by Luther,
L'he emprt'I .L''t.-..ander was on the
eve .ft lika.ri S.. ectersburgh for la

m,.iiihs, oi, a tour of inspection through
the souilthrin pro,\iir.,C of his immenrie
c li e 'r i'rcc t, -t ween the Turks
ar.d Ru-..i" i' C lI;ktly to be armicabiy
',t.ri', .Id a r t,.. i iion is said to be1
'A .'.t ''or en ., Zin tlie Sublime Porte
to priII t l-i. tree p., t-.-_. e ot the D'arda.
belles to.all vessels paying a moderate
duty.. .
Sir.J. T. Duckworth, Admiral of
the White, died at Plymouth Dock, Au-.
gust' 31.
Marshal Davoust, Prince of Eckmuhl,
has taken the oath of fidelity to Lotuis
-XSm.Lanld has recegied a_ Marsh1l's
The accounts from all parts of the
country contain the most cheering in-
telligence of the state of the crops and
the pi :.p''i oi e ,ilher which the country
has ':- r2i'/. ernj..,yed. during the last
week, for ripening and securing the har-
-#est. We are also glad to observe from
the same accounts, that the iron,the w'ool-
len, the cotton, the leather, the ,soap and
the candle manufactories, are all rapidly
Jncrcasin,'. Every loom, every factory
almost in the kingdom, employs more
nmen, or gives them higher nay than it
did 6 months ago. Commerce equally
increases.thirough aIll our ports.
The harvest in this neighborhood has
partially commenced ; and, from the ve-
ry line warm weather we had during
the last week, we,' suppose that it will
become. general in this neighborhood
and Cheshire, in the course of the prte
sent week.
We are happy to observe, the de.
.ii, isunu--markctill con-
inues very brisk; the sales during the
btr -fortnight amount to about 30,000
SEPT. 10.
There have been imported into Liver-
poo!, front the United States of America,
between the .1st September, 1816, and
the 1st Sept. 1817, not less than 493.514
barrels of flour, which, together with the
grain brought from the same country,
would be sufficient to load 2786 vessels
of 190 tons each


The Patriot armed brig General Mac-
Gregor, Captain French, arrived off
Block Island on Friday, the 26th ult. in
ten clays from Amelia. 'From several
seamen who were landed r'om her, we
learn, that a few days previous to their
sailing from Amelia, Gen. M'Gregor and
lady came on -board, for the purpose of
leaving the Island, he having resigned
the command to Col. Irwin and Sheriff
Hubbard. The brig sailed from Amelia
on the 'morning of the 16th September,
with General 'MGregor and lady, and
Mr. Ferguson, the harbor-master, on
board. The British schr. Venus, (on
board of which was the famous Colonel
Woodbine, who was the owner of the
schr ) sailed fromAmelia in company with
the brig. The second day out, Col. Wood-
bine sent his boat on board the brig, with
an invitation to gen. MIGregor and lady,
and Mr. Ferguson, to take passage on
board his schooner, (supposed to be.
bound to New Providence,) which they
readily complied with.
W.- further learn that the above priva-
teer sailed from Bristol, in this state, in
July last, as the American brig Enter-
prize, and bound for Fayal. The day al-
ter sailing, her desunation was changed,
and having received on board guns, pow-
der. &c. she sailed for Amelia Island.
On her arrival there, after considerable
delay, she obtained a Commission to
cruise against the Spanish commerce,
under the name of the Gen. M'Gregor.
She sailed from Amelia on the 6th ult.
and after putting. General M Gregor and
lady on board Col. Woodbine's schooner,
proceeded along the coast, without mak-
ing any captures. Oat arriving off Block
Island on Friday, Capt. French left the
brigin a pilot-boat, and returned onboard
on Tuesday last, when he informed ihe
crew that the cruise of the privateer
was at an end, and that the brig was now
bound to the coast of .frzca, and ac-
cordingly discharge d the greater part of
them, and 18 were landed hereon Thurs-
day, li-ont a Packet, which carried sup-
plies to the brig.

~"0 '~"'~t


- ..~ Y--- ..-~1 ''


V 111CIC

nmillilon'of dollars; one oa wliah was sent from belong to enriltined society. Whether
raFo. THE rEomXCnIu I Acapulco to China, and tie rest dir.ectfrotn Ve- the military associations, and consequent
,.- la t to CadliZ. Th Ie prov nt a { Nrect t exer-io g, have not been much improved
T.O R.... cL.., ] nadla senit atnntallv from C(arthagena (hreet to I. -_ .i
10 H.Y CLAY., rsa, the Peninsula three million Peru shipped eve- in the more advanced stage of civil socie-
No. 7-iND LASt., ry year from Lima six millions; and Chili sent ty, and so whether thcly have not corn-
lin s wer'-r:, or-.'-e n t'1 Spani.-ih Provinc's each year two millions toCadiz, by the way of' pensated, in their.immediate efTfLcts, for
of' S '0,1t .Iweica2. c ', J.e mi t e.i..rfuid Pat-. Cape Horn Bilenes Ayres sent annually to all the ambition employed, in them. And
7-io forcr b nw tt rc i.i'i, easi, ,and speedily Spal tie milhons; ;.nd the mrazils is said to becoming general, we ought to enquirer
,)/' ,',, i ,* i ,tr",fo iavc transported to IP'ortu;'a, in each Vear, four 'ght to enquirer
rualled .' '- .,tn A- it c f..cor th .dence a o "hd if millions. whether they have not given the greater
--,"' s i, ,ce, Bnc our taking part with these provinces, in safety,,while they have guarded against
.. sreg.o '' .iat,.. with the establishmentt of their libe ties, a very those selfish propensities which exist
.-s reatid s oT, r oat hs wi te .ennsuly a, great portion of this immense treasure would be whenever the mind ceases to engage it-
.ITI e I AJ -li f e icret into tie United States, or pss throw self wih public intitttions. The soldier,
th Lll- I ,lI*tlI"l" h 4 Y them so as to stimulate toeindustry oIf our cit:, .,': .. .- .'
to acknoiuledge dle indepelience of the whoei'. ,so a, a niilatew vigoroustr fipulse it Under military discipline, attentive to his
r panisiii America, or only tlh,,t o one of its thi gen eral prosperity of the nation. ,1,, pIi'o. n and dJuy, and losing nothing of his
e.!st prince o It wold be deemed by f th subject, the correctness of I.., independent t, acquires a more sure love
ilil i);ir.n aiillile cause otf war, and! sle wtult. i 1.
in .li pro ahilitv, be pro, ked, bvr siuclh a recog ci1titi n 1 be stoned, is presented for the con- of society, of honor, and just reputation.
,iLion, iirleditie l W ar' so!:itei o'tili se a tile ntsnsenl, whose and, other t .re; becomes more ready for
Srnetaty .clre agastus. ,loral sense is So terribly shocked at tC' idea of
iHulwutlt.lli-reco.gnillt of otheilendep,.uCeic ,. e .... -, c all the demands society has upon him.
at v1 r tit ,ii ofh the ind t .i n 1ritel're e, andi lose co lsen ce eP ll 0-on i -
tik all t],e rovtcd nlr" cl>ti tfavere Is ai hn ,be quieted by the gliste.irg' ooa"lI. lihe In reviewing this subject, De Wv it re-
like anl or e zed m..l)eient in favor o Inte- benlevoic lit and true iharte'd patriot will require commends to his countrymen in their re-
guod flectt tile apatrtit cause, lytre same no such stimulu. spective cities, to retain such places' for
ing s;ilgly and separately with those provinces LAUTARO. public uses as may give every accomio-
bnlv were the patriut power had been organi- nation in) peace and war. He enumerates
zed int> the sitape of free government, and INCREASE OI' OUR MILITARY RESOUR- thile advantages which vere vtry impor-
was cap.'hle of being fostered into permianence C I, AND POPUL4TION. tant in his own ttines, and probably his
Sdsilit r ee ti ng u pon this subject advice in cedour ces in their
it ies appeared to tme decidedly to be the most *)to~t TILE SSEX ttEG5TaZiionei.r
.udlt coirse for tie United .ates, t., o dendc- ..-pTh-tltiiiarv I e ie', olf a bigidO in this iurangenyeirts ,lhcy nt only sea v o ot
Vor, bv heIr influence and countenance, to co,,i. cu'i hl litary ekercise*s, but to accommodate
:ne An larlm tGre kh0o' Ioatriot power of so. n- c ry''i .C Utdmlitarydpou their arcls. Also. or ex-
ont cfhde- patriot prou.-oces first, wehiIh this,..I. I. f Ads us o en,.lre into 'he progress traordi-. U purposes in cases of domestic
vern:,lenIt inig'ht so influence and direct a5 .. .'1 .'..u-I I '..l: -, t-o into i ur minitarydanrs an occasions, and sieges they
'9t;l!e it to establs liht a independent. republ., hl.u- 'v'. \Ve .ir. i account\ as it is of- danger nl OcsiolS, an i sieg es they
;.sei ', ticipriicin'pls of eqial rights, aid. J. ured Y lIe v.oliN; lMr. Neal,\ n the His veplaces or refuge, as well as places tfor
oyl p *rc t c.,,-, ^ Net^ L'~Land, about a century "en^carmpments. le also adIds, that a great
;:;>. .cS, ;igint bson! be overthrown, and .., t, -i. nd, about ceu care o overn t should e, to excuse
SA.r., government established in all of ti..,,, from. our in tini.es. The number the rict r inhbi to
01rio thotihaiti, attempting at the Tlantt r i tht WcIilr.i to New4,.gland, the r' er in hablalLts in arms, to have
n th oir ad, temptingg at the r ... ;lntr h. went urt- to sNew ngland themready onail'urgent0 occasions. They
line to assist them al. o r ountnance rethel ya I !(,t), was aboUt 400'). t ...e ..e d o all u tocca0ions. hey
succors st be so dispersed as to be oflit I. .,.xhiY6ieh, for th.: next 20 years, they can afford to serve, and often, without
,no ser'icuto any one o th -em. a had r-'irncrease but what sprung u fro those payments iVcllC ar necs y f'or
In joking over the se-veral great Sianslt ha .j i4... 'other citizens. The accommodations
provinces ofthI Continent, and.reflecting upon among themselves In the r nivn to the sure great benefs to the
the power and advantages of eacll, it iaseem- Charles II, and King James, ILI. -eat o ,e have dried
ed to me that the choice of that whiich, should numbers of' Dissenters, both ministers state. I our own state, we have drivedu
-'ov -terto id great advantages from those special com-;
le.ad the wavisi the glorious work of establishing and people, went over, to avoid the haid r t rom tiose special cha -
indone-denee and liberty, would fall upon one hips they sulered, from the -church lands and military privileges which have
Storthose south of the Istinms, on the shors of n .i ty e fom t cti ehmbodied our citizens uider associations i
the Pacific. The vast conltiinet tof oith A. Ad it deserves to be take noticeof, that which exit in private li, witiutany
erica has manV facilities of intercourse, which the increase of the -English. plantaton csistecy with the common habits of
are is yetulexplor-Al,.nor lave-ya of (lithe ob- broad (depends very-much upon the treat- to. .,,ci i ,. ,
6,a..cles-to an easy communication beenrvemon- ment tile Dissenters hirom the established society. hie.more a lrep.ubllc can ,o by
veae by theI inustry of' nlan menth ssstalis -dt .h, tsh e el'. erics of privteL Citizens,stht:e less 'f
veil or overcome byi the il'isra of 'ln W-e w church of England meet with at hornet. ecs of private czensthe tes
niust, therefo re, consider its present sit,utijm, W.,en h oppressive will the public burdens be- c
it: speaking of the contest with the ,..;-,, en y ar owere coneand the -longer may tl.cywho rule w
royal power, without any regard to those great f their civil and religious liberties. they preserve the affections of the Citizens.
improvements which must and will be the ine.. love their.native country too we.l to leave 'The mor e men are persuaded to rew ard
vitahle consequence of freedom and indepen- it, but when the-y are opprescsd, in so ten- e mort e lert ai'e pesa" to e c ..re a
dente. Under present circumstances, ttere- d-r a ,point as their conscience, it is but thesselv te le te less willhey expect foi a
iore, there appears to me to be no portion of icasoti'tbie to Si' o ".sC ta .t many of them tre state. And the more men dofor tie n
both America in which thepatriot powercould .It ll o .. p..e that ma y ot them support ofih-governmentfronmtl.ciirown a
be so easily combined, by our aid, and with so wvill go here they ca make themselves 'choie, the more asi ,owillthie necessary e
great. certainty' of commanding: every other easy. F.aor the colihlmatioin of this obser- c te te ei h .cs e
Province, in ,1 debts of the state be diictnlargld. TIl lic
prince, as i Chili and Perti. ovation, we need look no further at present ,enes of e citement and of ol
O-ing.to the great distance of those proving. than Ireland, from whence, if I am right- 'cns of great excitement and of olun
ces, they have been more neglected, and have ly informed, ab've 6000 Src ta duty, enable us to read, with te
therefore less sympathy with the mother coun- rm ve 6000 Scotch Presbyt reatst ease, the true hopes and best t
try ha ay other; they have felte despotians have shipped themselves and third greatest ease, te te hopes ad best
ism more severely, and born- it vwii less pa- effects within these few years tfo the plan. wtzrland, ,they .saw that the ob r
tience than any others, These provinces are nations of Ametrica, chliefly on account of jt of t cy wa to 'u
also more remotefrio;n, and ".....i',cre1 by, any the uneasiness they were under with re- cth ot their confederacy was to support st
presentEuropear influence, ;and it would be gaId ,to the free exercises oftheir religir. the Iindpe dc ad thls led to a l V
net to impossible for ainy European po.ver t d grea ,.... a i gi v ltay system ofidcfe l ce. 1Ihey Saw the
prevent, b arms or intrigue, m oppose to eat number are til gong ove standingarmies of their niighbors, but
the influence and countenance of the U:iited every suinnier, which, if the legislature could not aropt suc at xi dienti for or
States, thie establishment of a repubtcan,gov- are not pleased to take into seiousco hir sfeyot adops was thought l expedient for
trnnent in them. Aided bv the republics of sideration, limay, tune, very much weak- t Y. a ... t ,c
Chili and Peru, on the south, and the United en, if not totally subvert the protestant wWit their liberty. 1 Tey, therefore, train C
States, it wohld be utterly impossible for the religion in that kingdom. We iv, these ed*their youth in all the exercises farms,
i-oval p rser of NSew Spai to sustain itself s .a i. ,'hr. and i every other exerc,
irgainst thie patriot forces of' that country. lhe unartaks, with which i'.. Neal itroduc- ... _. !" To complete
want of ain)y thing like a gol harbor on til es the sujl, 1c1)1 oity tp Xty added tlIe unnatural pur- try
shores of thie Gulf, and the lahooious rugl ed- Cli.1.it'ir*l ,- Tie ....t Ih e pOSe of ellt,)yiylg au po0tito!i of tllcir su
neSs of the way thence to Meixco. vor n- views which were taken of the consequen- t p o I
der getting' supplies to tile royalists very pie- ces which, though not such as religious t oliiers but ns t paiitts Thei ,
curious aid hiazar-dous--while the comiomunica.- f .itapp rchnd, have be such as hadsoldiers. but. ot patriots. tel' d
tion wit the United. States, over lantd tb Louii- zeal iighit ipprehend, havet beuci In as ly plea was, their fear a standing .ar-
Jana, would be certain and easy to the patriots, h.ve becn more unti-endly to the poiti- y e.' u te rish cont
And their brethren of Chili and' Peru would cal prosperity of the kingdom. Jle then on ufy hasatisiied us, that wo e thL
lhve an easy and safe access to- New Spain, pi ot-ced: ." To stulC Cau:cIs as'ihcse, New i u i c d t
Go, olned se t i o sofcu a e ncan need nosuch o[0lic y, and that we ed
thirouighi Acapulco, on the PaciEic, one of tie England owes the vst. increase of its i can naf naet osis ani t il,.ntl'ot c
niost commodious and finest harbors in thie iab:ta'ts, which- according to Sir Willi can wthi safety possess the elnlnerlts of co
world, wheitce tire route Co Mecxico is not fitwg
ls whence than from era Mexico is noitih- am Petty, in huis Political Arithmetic, an armay which the strength and freedon sp,
iS fttc Chr from *er CittzAt ofout ci izens can.always-render equal to
out asirngle obstacle. The rovydists of the fine published in the year. b691, amounted then our s e
Irovinc of New Grenada, wwild, in like man- to about 150,000. He computes thus, a serc es our liberties ad nojust dfrae
nc-n, be .place d b xtw ee ns tit- tw o ie p hll iCS Oft t h m i' a can com m and. W e need add no p raise tion
ner, bepace. between t two republics the Iat 16,u00 men being mustered in arms. h ccs o : e u
1Pacificiand the Atlantic coast, and bbe crushed men able to lte success of tile' Y rpe'itient in out
wit i a single stroke-nd the independence ars, which, being reckoned a sixh par own country. We have done that hicn del
d freedom of tiese provinces, once. estab- a s, which being reckoned a six part our retest expectations couldot reach pa
l'hed, that of all Soutth- AOaericaw,,url invite, of the ihabitaltt, takes the whlAe about V c.tayosc our d p atir U spirit. reo i
blV follow iv he same giorious career. 150,000. But I1 question the exactness of We ny r tti i spic. e y cii
have heard, the prpriety of beginning, by Sir William's calculations. For Mlr. y e ea s
recog- -i ing the inde-pendence of uis A- homas Bratabuse our hopes. But ws ile e have thLe n
ith' ntt dittystd how slowly ac:eb tician that New England ever produced, ly e we hate a trI ioon-
tie pA.Triot.power of that province has beTen Isays, that in the year- 1708., there were ation fr national character. Wlhileour
-rooghstto act upon the others,TI lhink the si:- not, in his judgialent, above I,Uu. or Io0,000 atzis can mfr n tain themselves ii eluis.
pet'rior advantagesoffirst rallying and -11,;i ,i,,. at most in.all thle country, and of then aid ask oa nmie .ia ittoe svill t theilil ds!. an
the patriot power of Chili and Peru, I,'.. not above 20 or 25,0)fighmlg men. Now and ask only thl. In v to irect thedlsdi, and
ome seen and acknowledged. A patriotforce if the inhabitants of ll Nw En pli we shell n r be waitulg in true se
td singliiip otitrsea4 ifthre inbabitasts of '?1 New Lngland sen t
fe-w transports, stands Within striking distance were 12,000 in the year 1708, when those e ve bes t defence, with o
ofSt Fe de kB1gota, of Mexico,of Panama, and of Boston were computed at 12 or 13,00(, out vioteo, tv right, we shall be too n or- me
of Cartthagena ; and those strong holds of the the inhabitants of Boston being now iu- midable not to prolon peace or to re ie
present despoutisin would be abandoned at tilt creased to 18 or 20,000, the whole num. iidablt rotto p 1'0,r" a or to rc t
first onset. Thie republics of Clihl and Pert, ber of inhabitats must now amount to cover it at pleasure Let us mintaint this the
havit-irtire Curdilleras oa tite one side, and tlie o to happy state, wich, ic trust, is IC prestILs
pacific o ithe other, wodd. find themselves.ab- 160 or 163,000, and of there about 30 or o t' a i o :C
sotlitely beyond the reach of all the force of all 35,000 fighting nien, which is the nulita.- of
the Lcgitimates on earth ; and so remote front ry strength of the countryy" Jie adds., tim
their intrigues and artifices, as to hlve littic to that New England was at this time, a cen. Professor Moricclini, of Rome, hav-
apprehend even on that score, when once their the present date, in no dag ing discovered tihe n etizing power ol
governments was setded down u.to r.ay tlung r ayof its ei.hbor, for the Indi the violet rays of Ctheprisunatic spectrum, plat
i'he a-lvatftaes that muist inevitably flow are an'inconsiderable body of theieselves, the marquis Ridolsi has succeeded iI ma
into tie United States from the independence and he subjoitns a history of the friendly magnetizing two neetlles, the one in 30.
of the southern continent,areinic!culably great. Indians, who declare that the hostilities the other lii 46 imus'es, and can now
The people of hat country, cutt offi' and exclu- they feared w-re not from Indians, but charge with the nlagiet.c power, by the
ded as they obviously are from all thle principles fi oi the policy of European nations, who same procs, as iny needles as he
ErIpe, erfoi 'ne aatfo o:"'r Je (0,1. The sentimentoffriendslhip and pawtial- and the advantages to the Eglish from (tairel y, by direttng ot and passing over
itvtowarnds the United States is most prevalent these setteiients in America. thetm:, ta-a p.riod t oot less than 30 mi- "
through' all the Squthern provinces, and the re- This statement gives us an opportuni nutes, tlhe violet raiys of the spectrum, ta
cognition of their independenceat t crisis ty to compare our military siength at the through the medium of a condensing olfic
their aees toom'e; as a proof of hIch, present time with that of a century front leIrs) possess all the energy "and the po- m
we havenlytolook ito ourown history to o Ute present date. And we actually finud pers of teds aetized in a coti 'r
serve hnw deeply thosentiment offriendshipis the military force embodied in New Eng nmon way by" ncas of a. lo"dstone. T heir as t
impressed, whslichresutts from a sense of obiga- land exceeds, at the present tme, the ooiNous poles repelwhile thle HETE- ver
tion for countenance and assistance e l est number then of Lue wiL popu- RONOMOus poles attracteach other ; and
fus diene a strugglenr fhaetuotgh the e nation; so that, upon Sir -, Ii 's cap made to virate on a pivot; their pointspre
ple, upon the government of the nation, and culatiot, we have .l.-.uc eighLt times as.. c t ', t us
how intelligible and distinct the inresson re- many inhabitants as a century ago, the to the south This adds to the wonders gous
mains after thie lapse of half a century! "last census giviri; .bo.ut a million and one magne.ism, and mustbe regarded as a nan
There isnot a doubt that onrecognizing the urh. We ,la 1. dclI.simis of militia very extraordinary di cover. of t
independence of ay province, the mbst decid- t ofr-hich 6 r i ne... 'Bale dmerictn,
e and permanet advantages might be secured in. our.wn state, ofwhich 6 are in MAine. it. .merican. crs
to the United States, in a commercial point of We have'28 brigades, and on the last list alre
view. by treat)', in addition to those' which 163 regiments. We have about 1o coam Origin of the days of the week.-Lord their
would be securedto us by the relative position panics of artillery, and as many oi horse, Mansfield in a letter upon this subject of resp
and products of the two countries. To enter and nay probably reckon about 100,000 English history, says, the baxons pur
doul be niot only foreign to my purpose, but enrolled in this commonwealth. It would brought their own gods with them to opir
would lead me in the dark beyond the routine not be without advantage to make an ac- England, viz :--Tte Sun,Moon, Tuisco, the
of my habits and experience; but some idea curate c.omniparison of the effects of mili- Woden, Thor, Friga, and Seater ; and. becc
may be formedofthose advantages by attending tarv institutions, so as to discover whether in imitation of the R1omana, dedicated to ditfii

to the amount and the course in which the pre- the best military arrangements have not them respectively the days of the week. rican
ciois taetals. moved annually from the new to
e ldworld r.st before the present strues had a corresponding influe .ce upon the Hence the names of Sunday, Monday, about
commenced. New Spain or Mexico is said to best subordination of life, and upon the Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, in g
have produced annually twenty-three and an half best mutual and reciprocal services which ard Saturday." settle

B- '




We understand that a Treaty was sign
ed at the foot of the Rapids of the Miami
of Lake'Erie on the 29th ult. by Gover
nor Cass and General McArthur, Coam
missioners appointed ,by the President 'c
the United States, and the Chiefs of th
Wiandot, Delaware, Shawanoes, Senica
Ottoway, Chippewa, and Potowatamy
tribes of Indians ; by which these tribe:
have ceded to the United States all thi
lands which they claimed within the li
mits of tlie State'of Ohio.
It is understood that the Indians now
residing oitthe ceded lands willint remove
from temin, but will 'remain and be sub
ject consequently to the laws of the Stati
of Otlio, and those of the United States
They have eieri ed to themselves with-
in the ceded territory a number of-sepa
rate tracts of land, amioullting altogether
to about three hundred thousand acres,
which is ta b'e held by them in fee-simple,
under a Patent front the President of the
United States, and subject to be alienated
itlh his appi-obaticn hbut to be exempted
rom taxation,-ao olig as nit reuiiains .nii-
lian property.
'I'lTis 'reaty, whether considered in its
fiscal, political, or moral effects, may be
considered as one oft the most important
which has ever been entered into with
our rcd! brethren.. The quantity of land
acquired is between seven and eight
tiiliofi of acres, equal in quality and situ.
tioit to any other tract of land oi similar
extent in the United States, and which
'ill, from the facility ,afforded to eni.
rats from the New-Entgiand states, andh
hat of New-York, by means of the Lake:
aviation, be settled with anll unexampled
apidity, anid will bind together and
lengthen the whole extent of our North
Vest Froatier, in such a manner as to
lake the acquisition, in a military point
f view, invaluable.
T'rie Treaty lately concluded with the
hertkees, and that now alluded to, forms

~TvwiCe ad redpopulation of our coun-
y will be amalgamated by a gradual but
re process ; the foundation of which
as laid by Mr. Jefferson, when he intro
sced his system for the promotion of
vilization among the Indians ; a system
at has diffused among them a lkowl-
ge of the value of property, created a
responding desire to appropriate it'
ecifically, and impressed them with the
cessity of adequate laws for its protec-
These Treaties were entered into un-
r instructions, issued through the Dc-
rtment of War, and will'evince to the
izens of the western states that their
seitial interests are understood and at-
ded to by the government.

To the many presentations of swords
I other testimonials of respect, pre-
ted by bodies politic and individuals, to
* military and navy oflcers, for .their
rit displayed during the late war, may
added the presentation of a !word by
state of Pennsylvania to captain
AitSL S'TEWA'RT, and of a superb set'
)late by a number of gentlemen of BRd-
ore to commodore SrEPHEN D' CA-
t, both which have recently taken.
ce, in an appropriate and flattering



We have been politely favored with
following extract of a letter, dated
St. Mary's, 4t& Oct. 1817.
I am informed .that the plan of at-
k laid down byr Gov. Coppengerto his
ers, showed a great deal of skill, and
st have succeeded in the capture of
nandina if properly conducted. But
hat event did not take place, the go
nor is exceedingly disgusted with his
ers and agents Much discontent
vails among the inhabitants of St. Au-
tine, and as regards the people of tne
ntry, they are daily coming to Fer.
dina, t make terms with the officers
he liberating army. Some of the offi
s of the ;NIaine,,civil and riilitary, have
ady applied to Gov. IHubbard to renew
r commissions ; so that whenever a
pectable force may assemble for the
pose of reducing St. Augustine, my
lion is, that they will be assisted by
people of the country ; and that it will
mrne aneasyconquest. Therearie some
culties to be settled between the Ame
n and French parties at Fernandina,
it Gen. Aury's black troops being
garrison ; I hope it wdil be amicably






To :"tc E2d's'rs of the .7Ut'io ..: ; :.'c "'.

GErNTLEMtEN-It must have been ilo
more important purposes than any con-
sideration affecting me, that induced
General Winchester to drag my name
from its obscurity, and place my conduct
before the public in a light so degrading
and unwarrantable. But as it has bten
through your columns that he has assail-
ed my reputation, I cannot but hope I may
there be permitted to appear in its de-
fence, when I assure you it is with the
deepest regret that I find.myself compel-
led to adopt a measure so hostile to every
feeling of roy heart.
Lam, very respectfully, your most obe-

dient humble serve

Gallipolis, 5th Oct. 1


e Sru -The recollection of,thg injuries I
- suffered whilst acting under your com-
mand, have long since been sunk in those
calamities which terminated your'first
e unfortunate/campaign : and whether the
historian should consider the transactions
- in which I bore a part, too. unimportant,
e to occupy a page in his work ; or should
he paint them in colors suited to the ob-
J ject ef your publication, I was.equally re-
solved never to force my name on the
public to bring those ineffectual services
into view, or to correct such nisrepresen-
tauions as might result from information
varying from tie truth..
With such feelings, I met with your
letter No. 3, in the National Intelligencer;
and hrom the manner in whih mny name
i tr-re--mintrodtce-d, and conduct repree
sented, I deem it a duty ;I owe both to
myself and,to my country, to repel those
accusations, and correct the numerous
tuisi-epresentatious contained in that
number. ,
You willneot, sir, consider the subject
as forgotten, it', for the purpose of procu-
ring testimony, I shoffd for a short time
delay my reply to the charges. Your at-
tack has beo;n long delayed, and comes
unexpected ; I have, therefore, to resort
to those officers serving under me, who
witltessed the whole transaction of which
you complain ; gentlemen whose stand-
ing in society will give a weigit to thcir
assertions that cannot be shaken even, by
the querulous pen of General Winches-
Permit me, sir, for the.purpose of clo-
sing this note, to borrow from your se-
coud number that elegant extract you
quoted from Mason. As it is a selection
of your own, you will best know how to
apply it.
Heaven is just! .When tif.r -
-" re its arm, and launch its


Gallia county, Ohio,
oCt. 5ih, 1817.

It may amuse some four readerstoperuse the
folloinig Sketclies, by a writer ill tie .Xsh-
r' i/le )Fh7u. In the first we recogn zc the cha-
racter of Judge l'AYwoonD, whose legal talents
and acquirements are not overrated ; although,
never having engaged in political life, he is
less known at a distance thali Iuleun of lntcM
ini.eriur respect and standing at home.
In the. other portrait, the writer has done
ample justice to tle merits of FELIx GaiuntD,
'whose eloouence in Ciongress, referred to inl
the 6ketcihes,was entirely suidgencris, and lost on
paper much of the attraction it had in delivery.
We do not say that these sketches, particu-
larly the latter, are very nicely shaded. The
cuinpo:.ition, too, is far from being. srere, and
would not have su!fered by being more, labor,
ed. lie who can write so well, might write

rltOM3 TaE t.ASIvrLiLE wnifS.
.Yashville, .daug.
DEAR F***-You are, 'well know,
anxious, that I should attempt the deli-
neation of some of the most prominent
characters ii this country. This I find
to be an odious task ; for, wearing a fic-
titious character myself, I have it not in
my power to obtain information from
those best qualified to impart it. You'
must, then, my dear F***, be satisfied
with what casual observation may have
afforded me ; and with what I have been
able to collect from desultory remarks,
made by intelligent persons in my pre-
sence-but not intended for me.
You will perhaps be astonished to find
me of opinion, that there are some very
considerable characters here, besid s the
military hero and divine, mentioned in
my last. But they are not the gentle-
men of the sword or pulpit, Who will, in
his letter, be introduced to your ac-
quaintance. On the contrary, I shall
confine myself to the b:ir-and should
'ou be at all gratified, other departments
hall come under your notice in future
letters. And though our native city, sur-
passing all in the Union in many part.
ulars, affords greater men, still there are
onie here, who, notwithstanding your a-
ility to judge, and your accuracy of ob-
ervatiou, would, if you were present, ar-
est your attention.
The gentleman who stands first in
public estimation, is His
orpuiency is so excessive) that, accord-
g to the opinions of metaphysicians on
he subject, you would conclude, that
he incumbent matter must necessarily
eep dormant the mental energy, howe-
er powerful. Not so.-From a fine dark
ye, always the index of the soul, you in.














stantly perceive strong pcaetrating mer. sar .A -rTE Losos a N-PAPR. RESPECT fC'Ol THE L.LWS holesale Dry Good Store.

not speciulative,Sbut essentially active; it A private letter from Cadiz of the 1. The people of the Unted States, more & C.
cannot rest without an object. His wis- of August, mentions the preparation of a than those of any othe- natlionare cele- f A "Vthisday received, in din to
dom plain and practical, of strong sense vtry lorriidable expedition for an attack brated for their cheerful obedience to I first sup argeand well d as-
of clear understandingt--he is almost the on Buenos Ayres, Thlis expedition, it those salutary regulations of government sortment of Fall and Winter Goods, at their
creature of pure intellect. In his plead- is added, will act Jin c.clt-L itit other which constitute its safety, and 'Odminis. store on Wasitington street, opposite the tin-
ing, he is animated and impressive, lucid Powers,:whili have etigg.d to support ter to their own happiness. No other ion tavern, which they offer to piece dealers
.and logich, never gropes his way darkly Spain in the South American contest nation on the globe, so exposed to the o thebt erms f al, iz. o liberal credit
or obacurtly, but,as if guided by, a strong WVho these'Powers are, is not mentioned; innovating and dangerous influence of 1 bae super ondon 2 do s iams
and steady light of forensic lore, he. pro- but the assertion'is entitled to some no: foreigners, preserves, so little iilpaired, .Saxon blue and blk. 2t) 33 ar.d 44 ciec.s
ceeds at once to his destined point' AIiti tice, at a time whl.n civilities and corn- its primitive regard for aw, morality and -cloh : i do cotton coveriids
admirable facility, with perfect success. pliments of a very suspicious character religion, as the United States, 3 bales second do 1 do spotted fluanels
-His adversary has no possible chance of are passing between two ambitious Sovy- O this:subject, we often n' rt.' with 2 bales double milled 1 do superfine black
eluding his vigilance ; he comes into reigns, and when legitimacy has become paragraphs in foreign papers'high.y hon- drab ofdo worsted osiery
court a perfect master of the cause in the professed idol of all te existing au- orable.t the fidelity andzea. tour ci tdopes d cs blachd do-
which he is about to engage, and travels thorities in. E'urope. The republic of zens. A late London paper remarksI- doladles' fsabit mestics.
with it step by step to its final conclusion. Buenos Ay res a fortunately possessed of All the travlle'rs whole) ie havveeer \ dosnipercassimeres 1 do unbleached
He has compiled and elucidated the code a considerable naval force, more power- read, express their -.,,.- ishi.ivit at the 5"o c9mmonu. 4 bales ticklenburgs
of laws here, with great judgment and ful than aoy which Spanm alone could respect which every American mainifests 2 ljales super super 2 do hempen linens
much, usefulness. So extensive is his bring against her ; and, notwithstandig for thelaws of hi country In the rigs flannels 1do Irish sheeng
oisisfor the :-Jaws of country-. thie 3lvdo ,,el ow aRtd red 3 do Irish linen's
reading that I have heard him denomi- the defection of Artigas, her military most remote and wild.situatiots no one 5 balf rose blankets I do cotton balls
rated a lMvens Librarium. For. the strength is represented as very respecta- thinks of oiering aspy resistance to the 3 do 3 point do i do best bandanna
present, he has consented to preside in ble. WVe may, therefore, hope that she lAws, any more than he would do in one 3 doduffii hdkfs
the Supreme Court of Errors and Ap- will be so well prepared tu encounter the of the:r most crowded cities. However 3 caseslow priced cord 1 do 8 4 and 16-4 table
peals, extremely contrary to his pecu.- invasion of her foreign oppressors, that far party zeal, and even party r:age, l2 et lins I. se buttons
Tiary interest. -And it is here" my friend no apprehensions need be entertained for may be carried in that free r.Outntry, the 2 bmies nap cottons 200 g'roe Yankee do
that. he stands pre eminently conspicu- her ultimate success. partizans of all parties always respect the 3 do b.ue and white 10'bales India co.tons,
ous. A-- a Judge -he is the cYNOSUtRE of It is current throughout lie better in- laws. What a contrast with the south of kerseys' girrrhs, baftas, andti
the West; his presence on the bench, formed circles, that our government, al- Europe, where, under the most ,ab.Ilutie 3 dobockings, all co'- n,amodies
at once gives dignity to the court, eflica- though it cannot regularly permit, has not governments, the most lawless violence 1s 2 boxes wAdd nf
east children's socks I case Madras oikfs
cy to the laws, and dispatch to business directly prohibited, British offices .on every where prevails ; where *ojusticee i stocksligaidiiigloves 1 do linen badticking
Aloof froti party and party feeling, un- halfpay,.from repairing' to join the Pat practised wit i n fiuniti, beccud&' there is I bale negro ih.e --ldoT-,duomstic do.
moved, unshaken from any circumstance, riotic standard in South America. i Th'' no judge whombribery cannot t gam over. I Late ituisie diaper 1 do tpes-nd.,<.bbins
with a happy perspicuity he pronounces only step within the conipetence of govuy .What a contrast with out own sister I d) do shee-ings 1 dofuruni: ire binding.
the opinion of the court, while the bar, eminent to take, ;owards discountenan kingdom, Irelan.4, where in iany parts (Asefi',aedmoreens dcasecotton 1hro.d
the oliicers of the court, andthe audience cing any such enterprises on the.p(art of the .laws are seL at open defiance. l f'itey 2dotriure cities 1 do suei i tcambric
manifest- their deep interest and respect English subjects not iAnitmdiately enm- go on in this mariner, giving thle name of 2 lt fur;,iire ci:lcocs a d, super lout; cloths
wisth profound silence. played. in the public service o tht.ilrO co)un- tuarchy to aIcitos signal obedience to the I du urituire fines 1.d> pins
The gentleman who ranks next in. try, would be to withdraw from them laws, they will adon endear that name to ld pdrpery cimnbrics I do imitation Ehawls
common opinion, and first in the opinion their Sovereign's protection, while they the world." ds t l per "Marseilies i do white raulets
of many persons of no little judgment, are engaged.in ope-ations which he can knotted n Dogskt:u and beaver
is Mr. ^ -l*, His form is precise- ot openly rr.,...I,,.e To this extent the ALBAY, oT'r. 7. t knte eoun- rea coton
ly what the Greeks would call athletic. plan of embarking in the cause of the The Berkshire ai,nu I Cattle .how i d ti oiclothes do kid giovws .
I-his height is full. His proportion strong- lSpanish Patri'ots has, we presumie, been and Fair aas held on W\ednesday .and 2 do boinbazets
ly muscular. Hlis tleatl t s are bold and discounitenit&Nidy --Administra'tioinrut. .Thi..>lay last. The Berkshire society. 2 bales super large size rose blankets
indicative of good health, and intense np- we also underttanid that it has had no f- .is in.a measure the pd.i ...i tii' -i__ do milled .blue, grey, and brown cloths,
plication to business. He appears to me fect whateve in ,', i. 1...; British officers culniti i ifsliutionswlhch ior< 1. ibti t1 r lioffi"e-seVSr-s-- -- -
to delight in laborious investigation ; and from the scene of war. A South Amnri, up i0t our .country, and which are -etii- w.rLTR *C.-G TT "' rO.
by -his superior researcQb very often con- can General in London, who acts as.agent nently calculated .o improve our aricl offer 'at their fae) retail store, on Bridge
pels his adversary to aibandonihis ground as tot the Patrits, and' who hs ample ture, succoI and sustain our manufactures, street one door above the Union Tveru,a great -
untenable, and to seek a new.position. As mneansat his dispousIlr supplies our coun. enlarge the sph ete .of knowledge, multi, var.ely of Fancy Goods.
an obrtor, he is consideredcoid arid unin- trymn c'witti suis of nioney, and \kith a ply our social and domestic comforts- I caae thread lace I case b'Ick and cu'd
teresting. This remark, howdveri, is not coml'ortablo conveyaunc outwards.. The and, in fine, to einhance thle value of, and I .d.i Lest levanin.irs Florence,
eritiruly just. I heard him once. His f demand for areas at Birmingham and perpetuate to posterity, the invaluable 1 d nIerino. hawls & 1 case cr::pes
gures are few-but bold, correct arid elsewhere, i, re.narkably brisk ; and is political ins:itutii: s of oQr.higlty, favored ,iCs Gut velvet fringes
1 do inc-non fringe t ilk hoie
striking.'"Butiftomn soine slight mal-con- ascribed exclusiveiy to orders from the country.' Sitisfied of, these, truths, we 1 d. .cec ,inamrIc aud Ail colors kid gloves dl
formation of some of the organs upon Western henmisphh-re. Lord Cochrane, feel it an incumbent duty to devote a pori- hkf".
which utterance depends, he is not pos- we are told, is still in England, but on the tion of the Argus to thi.se primary ob With a general assortment of all .kinds of p
sessed of that sweet andt captivating e- point of sailing' or taoutlh Aherica, jects ; and we shall therectre publish in goods, ol the best quality. '. ,
munciation, which, (pardon the euloiu in) vwhre a ship of 500 tons, now in the river, detail the transactions at the fair, so far (.c: l8-3w .
so disting.uishces -myn dietr friend. -' his and cleared out uniier the character of an as we may conceive them of general in- f
gentleman, though appearing to set lit- ordinary 1West Indianma,, will be placed terest, as soon as they come to-hand. In .'NO'1I d
tie value on what6 i generally termed ad t hi Lordship's command, the mean 'tine we will. state, rom per- HE partnerhip of James Melvin & Co. was o
popularity, has been chosen to fill the sonal observation, that the exhibition of L This is, to notify, a et all thpsos ist po
most elevated post in the gift of his WIN s. :, (:) SEPrT. 6. cattle presented some of the'finest speci- ing claims will present them for setuvement,
countyiet. He is at present wholly de- I witessed in this place, on yesterday, menye ever saw ; the household manu. and'all those indebted will make payment to
voted to his proftesiont. one ofthe most inteil'caig trial.' tlitI has factuties anti agricultural products rcfle,'.t James NIeivin & Son, who are astIhorised to
1 come now to characterise a gentle cver come- under myr notice, the circunt'-, et much c.dit'. upon the dinerent compe-, settle all tle concers.of sad firim.
oan, o is, in many respects, the most stances and isiue of which are not only titors for premiums, and indicated rapid 'e business wil in fture be conducted
man,_who is, in man-y respects, the mostri
entraordia.Iy mata in this col-ury. -Po- important to the parties concerned, but to improvCent in these branhts of indius- by W .l'JWELL,(cte o fe e partners f Js
sessing what may be termed genius in 'a society. It s asuit for the breach of try. '1 L~.c-.cises, in the church were Me',lvit & Co ) at the old stand oppditethe t
greater degree tha any man tbm t ed have t i marriage contract, brought by Rachel appropriate- anI impressive: kiky con 'Parer'' ad c .c -e, ". Thnk, Bride stre-et, a
greater degree tan anyman that I hav Patton of Pari-tga'nst John L. Miartit of sister of art introdu tory praye, and al- who has just 'e-s ....- 'r Lva n "---
observed otl this side -the Allegh1any .a inirodu-.toryprayer, and adl- sao has I ),
mountains ot' is sider. ist s al-ogy the samiie place, and 'emovedto this court, dress from the president of the society, SIltE JRI'2 B hEST
charged with being a truant. Several by change of vemut., As the circiiunstan the reading of the reports of several corn- Regent's C lotS and CaSSimeres,
chgedlm, itn h bei, a t'm ttd ver ces were sonmetihat peculiar, besides thei mittees, awarding and delivering the. With every other article c tinected wich his at'
ientlet siene f te usual interest which would naturally be premiums, music from a choir, of excel, business. ie assures his Irends and the Dub- fr
nrsin the science of the aw ; bAut uis excited by such a ase, Ivel as it. is in lent sigers. &. lie in g.-t-ral, that any orders they ,n.v favor m
importance at the bar, at least, entitles he i yrispruhece of I I ov as as i. t ioutgcy.>r &e. ian ith will be punctually and f'aiihluily exc. ti
him t the raak which I have urispr nce of this country, a lare We ere ghly ratified in observing uted b
him. Whil e k urnin over asin outnumber ofu ct!eens collected to hear the the unanimity which prevailed at the oct 18-4w. ti
quatedvo. ..nsl the Ts sturewing his pro. at evidence and discuss. Te engage- fair upon the subject of manufactures ; cO
quoted vknowl.ede isof human g nature p meant between : he parties was clearly pro which was emphatically and tfficientitly. FOR SAL, 4
foutid knoleatince tof leasthe inature. lie n vt to have existed sonme years previous expressed in a'uinanimnous resolve of t le A CONSIGNMENT of best London Mustrd e
Lsc at once to 'ase te judge, to gai e to the unfortunate affair Which finallyin society, to clothe themselves and their received by the Repeater, uia Baltimore; trx
tle condence of the jury, 'and., b inge- duced tic defendant w h d 'f t rd from Phiiladelphia. 150 boxes and half box- bi-
us terrogatores, to sa he duced the defedant to withdraw his ad- alis,with a convenient sped, in the es of re import Spanit -a.
dence to s it his purposes. The course desses, and refuse to comply with hi fabric ofthe UUnitd States ; and that no T-OMAS C. WifHT, v
pursued in his ar oen h perfeciiy t otintracti and which overwhelmed the person shail hereafteir receive a premium hl:hh-street sti
inl.rued in agent is perfect w t gr- paintiiffwith shame and misery. : The at their hands, except he or sh is clad oct 1 -f ey
le will occupy. h eIn a cause the m ddendat attemptempted to justify his non in the productions of the Americaim Centurial Jubilee
be Avil. occupy. 1 ausP i not compliance by throwing the guilh of the loolu Centoiial Jublee
opeles, hte never seems to despair t transctin upon the brother in law of the jO be celeirated by all the Reormed Chur. M
appears to depend on the innate powers plinti.' appeared however, that for at.r^, ocT. 13. ches throughout the United States, on the th
of his own singular conception; hise tit months Prevotos to the niirtunhate .A shocking accident h:ipeeed about eight l31st of October next; in conmmnemorationt o o
every Countenancei in tincompabs of' his lo'clock yertirda-, r.orini,4--s(ic u asscngurs, the eft'ahon which wis so happily comment .the
0voiceis ience in su hecmpai s f his occurrence,. his gentleman did not yisit princpalyf niaes, wh o itetided proceeding' cd by 1). Martin Luther, on the 31st of Oc- .i
He is-tie -re. crminaL hwye the house of Patton more than two in the Piltidelpilia Steam noat for fBriistol anla t lber, 1517 ,
of the west. While he u"aimans, by his or-i1 re 'i, ..... .. to 0a misundeitstand- ;:.t- '..... luiaving- reached the wharf a ie w A PAMIHLE'T, Pal
1 pathos,.,te juris and audiencee, Is. ig exisitig bctwee.i him aind Miss Pat nuomon:s atter she had started, pl'ocoued a B1 a Countryman of MA1artin Luthler" ext
opaos e urors and audience, h fr the cicumsance of his having Wherry, in which they embarked for the pur- Containing a .briet notice oi the Centurmal Ju-
renrains always fian himself. You haive po- ned her a rey se of boarding lier-lthrout some misian- bile, may be had by immediate application at
seen something of is aBiities in Con- cauto inst martin. Every aleenmt the wlieels were not stopped when theprin;cipal bookstores throughout the United
sress; bit that is not the theatre on step taken by te defendant, although a they vcamt along side, and th boat was conse- Stae. Price 37 cents.
4vhich he-is peculiarly calculated to shine. bly supported by his counsel,, seemed' to quenitly struck with such violence as to sunk her oct 18--f
It isi a court f crimini.l uisdiction mark the traitniat tlot with a deeper die ol imastantano6usly-this Imhappeud butti few rods ,
It ei a h cot rt is crraimnldjuirsdiction, deceptionT. Thie brother int law uf thie fontthe shore, t:iti tho' every exertion was TO RENT,
th-a hedisplay is sarraighityd sorul-,-, i plaititiff was fully exculpated fr-in t he "ioediatelv usd, two of tIle. ieiales were. GOOD three story brick Dwelling House,
that displays s migt ul. It is 1 drowned. The Wherrvymn, altho' he received near tfic Six buildings, and lately occtpi-
e his minis acue, ardent, orus cages which had bee circulated a- a violent contusion, and a lile girl, werc sa- ed by George McDaniel, Isq. The terms may
d his imagination sublime. re e st a uc sympathy was ex ved, thro' the exertions of her father- he en- be known by calling at the house.
transcends his eiLiws, for when soar cited in behalf oi the untfortunate p-aintiff, evoured also to save his wd'e, but it is suppo- oot 18-'v3w trs
transcds ilwsor when soaring whose character, previously was proved sed she received a blow from the wheel which Vs.
in his splendid course heis never boi m any itee to have been f he entered allexertions im hcrtaour useless. A COHEN'S of w
oastic or ingid ; but concludes with theby ayvtsdohve bn f sad w'arniiigthis, to all wVhio approach so dainget n g
i ost plausible circustane in the case, iest ki; who had been raised by ex rous avehe, without the necessary precau- LIST OF 1T is o
and bylingenious sopn try, he takes cap' empiary and pious, patents,'and had me- tion. W' a Washington Monument Lottery, runI
and by ingenious sophistry, he lakes cap ved ini the farst circles. -,-i-hth day's dra win,. -hfi
five the judgement of the jury, and there r. Bl d cc eled the case on the ... ....hth day's'drawi e
by arrests from pu:ishite.nt the most a- Bdsoe concluded the ca Printers Notice. No. 30954 a re of So00 des
trtucious offenders through thl.ir sytspa art of the pllatiffi an elouet stle the Office ant s.iblisbment of 2e4 100 tou,
this. Hi-ts person is rather below the appropriate address to the jury,in which 1 asemi-weekly itEWS'PA'iEi, published 28351 100 itngs
complete height; but is perfectly svm- every feeling ofhonort and humanity was in a flourishing town in \'Virinia. 7159, 12697,22639, 23086 50 Spot
metriclh: riot however indicating reat aroused. Hie concluded wi h the eloquent Fo,,r terms apply at this oilice, by letter, post -24787. 28 79 a m
So h e nda quotation front Gc'ldsmith: paid. Ninth day's drawing. plot
physical power. His face is., hand- "When oely womastoops to filly, ct 18 No. 23179 a prize of S500 tor
.ome5 and does not point out that And finds too late that men betrav ; 13593, 3873. 27867 100 'f'his
strength of mind -which physiogno -ists Whatenarmr can soothe her pnelancholy, Ovstci's. 11, 39290, 23760, 2153, 25352 sold
attribute to more prominent aid irreeu- What art cami wash her guilt away'? tE'BSSE GARNE.. itiformts his friends arid 5121, 4024, 27331 5 paid
lar features. His eye is expressive, but The only art her guilt to cover, { (he gentlemen of the City and District a' Tenth day's drawing. b
wants that mildne-s which engages. I To hide hlier shame fi-om ev'ry. eye; large, thathe has re-establhshed that old and No. 9695 (first drawn) entitled to $10000 tho e
have often thought that suerio caac i I o give repentance to ler lover, 'well known stand formerly carried on by oJack.. 2746 fHI eating 10000 blet
have often thought that superior capacity And wriig his bosom-is- to die." son, near the little bridge leading across the 25175 prize of 5000: blts
depends on the intcrna construction of It was near tors o clock before the jury Taber Creek, one str-Wst-oe the s 'th 9555 50 out,
the head, particularly about the seat of left the box, and in a tew minutes return- west corner ofWashingtdri theatre, where he 167 prizes of 12 each to ar
the brain ; and have .expected physiolo ed with a verdict of three thousand dol. has snd mntendi;to keep a constantt supply of 9 20 each wit
gists to explain accordingly. But this i lu drn damages. the be-t Oysters, during' thie present season, ,THE GAPITAL PRTIZES
Slandering from the subject. Upon th We believe there are but twno othr 'ith every suitable accommodalicn that may 3 of 20 000
whole ad ingmanis Whomth-suhlect U nt We believe there are but two oth ber required. A party ,.,igettlemen, from 8to 2 of 10000 0),
whole this man is hghly calculated for & cases of this sort onrecord in this state 12 can be privately accommodatedin a room 2 of 5.000
popular orator. His voice ona comniion In bth exemplary damages were given; neatly prepared for thepurpose. Boxes thro' Still remain in the wheel.
hey, fills a great space. Hle seems to des- tdn thousand dollars in one uittance. the hotse very neatly curtain'd. Gentlemen Tickets .12 each and Shares in proportion,
pise thd figures Be flowers of retortc; but [Reporter who may feel disposed to take a supper of to be had, (warranted undrawn) at
Sin a language, familiar to all, he reaches oysters, cai reserved at any, hour they may be COHEN'S -
-the.feelings or understanding at pleasure. -It appears from Sir 'John Sinclair's Re. pleased to honor him with their custom. Fa- Lottery and ,Exchange Offce, -o10 .ar- men
1 should not conclude that he is a fine port, that Scotland.possesses only 1,804,- .d neatly handled by sending tO his house at ket Street, BaltitoTe, Nan
classical critic; but I have no doubt, that 846 souls, or about one. third part of the any hour in the day hewillsend. none out in sistin
be has taken many copious draughts at sup/mioscd population of Ireland, and yet, backers. TICKETS and SHARES Dit
he Iierian fountain, in the year 1813, (the period at which N.B.--He continues to carry onthe bootand Can also be had (warranted undrawn) at the Ev

. Adieu, my dear F**. What a dis" the Report was completed,) the people ssoe blacking business one door east of the- Bookstore, of Ph
tarce of woodsandmountains, afdrivers, paid 4.204,0971. 7s. 9d. of net revenue, Washingtos'hotel,whlre hehas the bestblack. GIDEON DAVIS, Whi1
Sl tie eipence of manage ng for sale. Pennsylvania Avenue. price
ert us, exclusively otheexpence of manae oct 18-3 oct 18 o
ment anrd drawbacks.

Colonization Socet"y,
The Board of Manargers of th,- Cofoni.
zatio Suociety will nimett at Da'i.s's io-
te). in the City of V\, shingtol, on ba-
turday next, at I I o'clock. A
Oct. 16-

Sf'IiTE'S Ll "ti O6 1Ii,
04 'I HE
Washitgton Monument Lotier,.
Kighih day's awing,
Nos. 309541, 2 4:.4 2 ;351 prz-, uof S-1i0
7159, t7. 26S9, 230856,
24787, 2&179' 5
in'ih da) 's drawing
No. 23179a prize of 0
1:. 1593, &&73,.27667. prizes of 1W
1t, *"3-920, 2'760, 3153, 25352.
5121, 4024,27331
Tenth day's drawing;
No. 969 first draw .1090.
2746 tfloating .lo.'; ;
9555' ,
167 prizes of 12-9 do of 20.
C'rtpitAl. Pri s still emaimin ik ti 11"h7eel.
3 prizes of 20,000 Dollars
2 prizes of 10,000 Dollars
2 prizes of 5,000 D:ails:
Tickets and Shares, at $1I, f,r sale at
G. & R.iWAi'AI ',S
Old established and truly tbrtunatle Lof erv atid
Exchange Office, corner of St. Paul's l.ine
snd Market-stree, Bal!tiore,.
Tickets and Shares mayn ano be had at
0 'Whet'e a check book will be kept for AeV
exam inaition of tickets, gratis.
.ot.t 18--

To be Rented,
SGOOD Carriage Housea, and Stable with 4
S stalis, belonging to the house in the Six
buildings lately-cecupied by the Hon. Richii dJ
Rush. Possession will be given on the Ist i.f
N,,veEmber, or perhaps sooner if required ,i"
terms, apply to Mr. Win. McKelden, near Mr.-
)'Neai's tavernt..
oct 18-w3w
---"----- ., I-'.-, **--t-...*
R AN AWAY from the subscriber, livftg i'd
[l_ Queen-Ann, Prince George's county, .Md.
on Wednesday, the 3d of September, inst. two
iegro mnen, named Jarret leywood, and Den-
nis Williams. Jarret isa bright colored, govd
., ., i .. middle size, smart, andtolerably
well dressed, and is between twenty and thirty
ears of age. He is suipposed'to be in Annapo-
is with his sister, .a free woman. Dennis is
tark, stout, and fiull-gryorv though otiy fig'lit
ten y ears of age ; had on when be went a.iifv
lain coarse clothing. I will give a reward of
en dollars for the apprehension and delivery ct'
ach to inc., at my residence, at dGreei. Vai[ey
irm, if taken in Prince George's or Anne-Arun-.
el's; twenty-dollars if taken in any other part
f the state ; and fifty dollars each, iftaken out
f.the btate, together with all reasonable ex-
ences. .
sep 8-tawtf .. .

Surgical nlstitftion.,
r:HE subscribers announce to the prnbi:c
t that, authoristd by the State Legislature,
ey have established on an extensive sca'.e,
Su',ical Institution, for the reception of jpa-
enib reqiiirng surgicalaid, and dtha tl0(v are
iw rei.dy to ac-tommd-ste:--' rmi e
number. ,:
The buildings appropriated to -the pr'pose-
Xe spaciotis and commodious, a short dist.ncer
om town, aind situated in an elevated and r-.
arkably healthy part of'the eonntrv. Pa,
enos may be accoinmodated in the diffet.ef
uildmge, according to their different sittiA-
ons in. life, and with as much comfort a:.
nveninrce as if lodged in their cwnl houses.
IP is intended to receive in the nsgtittqiors
r.r *.crtiption of surgical disease, and to,
.clide all febrile and other diseases, cape-
e of imparting contagion, or infecting the
mrspherc, as well as all maniacal and cota-
isive diseases. A particular part of the Ii.
itution will be allotted the diseases of the
c snd ear, and for the various operations
'hicL it is somnetimes necessary to perform.
Tne suLbscribers have appointed, as super.
pendants ef the Institution, a Steward and
atron, whro, from their long experience in
re departmentst, and accommodating d.,-
sitions, are eminently qualUfid to render
e sick conifortable, and to afford general sat-
ct1 ':n.
!wo roads lead'to the Institution, one by the
Is turnpike, the other by Madison street
ended -the particular spot is designated Ly
ier posts.
laltimore aug S30-w3m

Look at this!
IAVE for sale a Mill Seat, with i2S aerei
of land attached thereto, lying on the wa-
of Difficult Run, in the county of Fairfax,
known by the name of Towlaton mill seat,
which 50 acres are cleared, and yield well -
rain and clover-the rest all in woods. It
n a never failing stream, where a mill may
night and d.ay in the dryest time, about 4
am,le from the mouth of said run, whence
re is a water carriage for produce of every
cription to Georgetown, City of Washing-
and Alexandria. There are valuable build-
on the premises, and good stone on the
for buiildi ,g a mill. There formerly stood
ill on this seat, which was of considerable
it to the proprietors, as was also a large
e, kept there for upwards of 25 years.-
s property is very desirable, and will be
cheap, one half of the purchase rooney
* down, and the other halfon a credit of 15
8 months, as may best suit the purchaser.
longs to Mr. George W. Fairfax; am au-
ised to make sale of it, and an indisputa-
itle will be made.
Sit is supposed no one will purchase with-
viewing the premises, they will be shewn
ty person who wishes it by me, residing
in 2 miles of the property.
Agent for G. W. Fairfax.
p 19--e2Cm

Thomas W. F. Bla'e,
Bridge Street, Georgetowtn,
AS received by the recent arrivals from
Liverpool, a large and complete assort-
Sof Crockery ard Glass Wars, and by the
.y and Mary, 45 boxes of lndia China, con-
g of
ning and Tea Sets
ening nd breakfast Cups and Saucers
ates, Tw:fllers and Muffins, &c.
chl are oflereid fr tale at the riti terS.


i:'. !;i POLICY.

T-!. lowing article throws consider-
:bic li; a on the Breish policy respecting
thie bouth American Provinces.
"'wO't a!.}I,'S .5- Kr.Y 'c1E.sSE NE .
In the last arrival of ti-e foreign papers,
the :'adrid J,orral. (the Spanish official
gazette) contained t e f lovingg impor-
tant article, and which, being there in-
serted, must be regarded as proceeding;
from authority, and of course accompanied
with -oiie truth:
T'ne time is at hand (says the writer) in
which the Courts of London, Vienna and Pe-
terslmrg-h, are ab;imt to act upon their true in-
teriests, and to acknowledge that there is no
sa/'ityj for oyal ..-tablis,'mts in Europe, if an o-
tAr,' iiilepeilent go'vern.nent shouldd be iwtfc rel
to e.civt in South/i .nerica. Such a government
woth1. always be a standing temptation, and an
obvious' object of desire to all other people,
who- itnrl begin lt think that king's were less ne-
cessary, when they beheld at hand such an exam
ple of a people governing themselves."
In the first place, from the language and
evident meaning of:the above article, wev
could almost imagine it to be written in
the spirit of mischief, & that more was in-
tended by the writer than those who in-
seried it' seem to understand., It certain-
ly contains .0o very high eulogy of mon-
archical governments, and utinder the
covert of seeming to dread these "stand-
ing examples of republican institutions,"
it points out their- -wotgest recommen-
dation, and iianjfest popular character.
The truth, we believe to be, is, that the
recent principles. oftthe *..panis,h patriots
are nearer to the side of the beloved Fer-
dinand than this Solomon knows or be-
lieves, and that the time approaches when
he may again retire to weave petticoats
for his wife or saint. Alas (we ourselves-
must be allowed to say) that such a people
as the Spaniards should have achieved
their own liberty, to return under such
a Bourbon as this, and that Lacy should
have fought with Wellington to put Fer-
dinind in Can&i ta iy-'er. -
But the more material consideration of
this passage, is) first, how far- such an ex-
ample is actually a cause of apprehension;
and, secondly, upon what grounds thec
Madrid editor'uainems the success of the
Spanishi negociation with our govern
ment for and against the .revolted colo-
nies ?
Upon the first head, we shall briefly
repeat a very striking passage of Mr.
Burke, at the time when it was proposed
to create a. house of Peers, and an here-
ditary nobility for Canada. Where these
monarchies and all their feudal appen-
dages (I was' about to say rubbish) have
been established in distant ages, and have
so grown into the manners, and habits,,
and feelings, and prejudices of the peo-
ple, that 'to attempt to eradicate them,
would be to overwhelm and destroy every
thing-to subvert nature, and to reform
the man, I will say, let them be retained ;
let them be defended ; let us keep fast holold
of their good, and correct their evil ; let
us not seek a better system thriug-hh suGb.
a, long, dark and-daiTeft'iOS wilderness as
that of a thorough revolution. But wihrec
the question is to begin again to form a
government anew, I will as clearly say,
let us not take these materials of a bar;-
barons age; let us leave these vanities to
the old governments of Europe; let us
not unnecessarily bestow br force upon
others, what it is our,, misfortune as weli
as our duty to endure." .
As to the second point; we have indeed
known that a negotiation has been long
pending between Spain and England, to
induce the latter power to afford an active
assistance against the Spanish inrleprn--
dents. The question for the English mi-
nistry in.this iegociation is twofold-the
right of such interference, and the policy
of it' With respect to the right, we have
no hesitation in saying, that it will not
admit a doubt. It is an acknowledged
principle in the European law of nations,
that any one nation may assist another to
subdue revolted colonies or provinces.
The existing treaty with Spain j.-.i'
such interposition. With resl.ect to the
question of' right, therefore, there is no
doubt. The English ministry may, in
.this respect, act as they please. The
point, .therefore, is reduced to the mere
question of policy.
Upon this head we have been so copi-
ous in some of our former papers, that
we have' here little to add. South Ame
rica is a new country, and in its first ag-
ricultural stage, and, therefore, naturally
the most promising- and beneficial co.t-
tomer to an o'ld country. They possess
in abundance, .or may possess. under due
encouragement, all that we want, raw
Materials, cotton, sugar, &c.; and they
want, and'as they increase in population,
will increase in the vant, of all that we
possess--manufactures. Such a dealer is
the sure material of wealth andi aggran-
disement to an old commercial country ;
and hence the value of the United States
to us. But under the Spanish monopoly,
the produce, consumption, .nd trade. of
such a country, are necessarily repressed
within the lowest possible limits. Every
thing comes to them so dear, that they
can consume but little ; and the mother
country, (having the monopoly 6f pur-
chase) buys so little, and buys it so cheap-
ly, as to detain agrictilture always in its
infancy from the want of encouragement.
Hence, under.such a monopoly, such co-
lonies are little, more than mere kitchen
gardens to their own mother countries, of
little use to them, and of none to thege-
neral commerce of the world. Under
such circumstances, it is the most mani-
eat policy of Englandd not to maintain and
encourage the union of Spain and her co-

lonies, and most assuredly not to lend any
active assistance to this end. It is a duty
of our direct alliance with Spain not to

assist the Indcpendents. It is a duty of
prudence, resulting from our own commer-
cial /fol cy, not to assist the mother country.
Let them fight it out, and let us hope for
that happy result which, without destroy-
ing the principles of religion and moral
ty, 'will extend the compass of the English
co mn7nrce.
Upon these principles we cannot per-
'suade ourselves to give any weight to the
article above quoted from the Madrid
Journal It is perhaps one of those arti-
cles which the editors have been taught to
form by their late French masters. It is
a known artifice amongst the Parisian
editors, to take their wishes for granted,'
and to insinuate the reasonableness of
. their expectations in the impossibility of
their being disappointed. According to-
our own humble opinion, the present rni-
nistly are too well acquainted with com-
mercial principles (and particularly Lord
Liverpool) to have two wishes or opinions
upon the subject. Our clear interest is
for the success of the cause of the inde-
W1e came across the followiiig article\in a late
number of the London Monthly Magazine, and
are of opinion that it will be perused wihs some
interest by the generality 'of our reader. Ex-
periments tending to enlighten, or conducing
to the convenience of nmankii,-sliotuld never
be subjected to ridicule, because they ate not
perfectly under-tood, nor should they.be \con-
temned by those who are capable of jud kng,
without so:.'. demonstration more solid tian
mere theoretical deduction. The hint thrown
out byv Mons. de Ga;ssicourt, we doubt not %ill
receive the respectful attention of every friend\
to science, and surely every one who considers
it for a moment, must be anxious for the de-,
velopement of a scheme which promises more
benefit to mankind than was perhaps ever
dreamt of before. For, independent of the sa-
ving of fuel, a vessel propelled by the Hydrau,-
lie Press might be navigated to all parts of the
world in entire safety, aid with such rapidity
that a voyage to England and back again would
be but a pleCasant excursion ofso6rie twoi or tIhree
",,- l. ...I ..e ,n,, iht ,- .. :, i }:- tr p- to
.'l-,r_.,i-" 'h* "r 1 1 .- I.,'l'' tr'.-,i e ,r"prepa-
.ration asv we would now take to fit out fo' a W.
India voyage,-Ae-r. 'rald.

To the Editor of the monthlyy Magazine.
SiR-Steam Boats offer such gr(at ad-
vantages to commerce, that England,
France, and America,_ with one accord,
proclaim the glory of Fulton. Without
contesting the merit of this able and cou-
rageous man, I might claim for my coun-
try the honor of the first discovery ; but,
accustomed to consider the useful-arts
of a citizen of the world, I prefer the ex-
amination of the inconveniences which
oppose the progress of this discovery, and
the means uf triumphing over the obsta-
If steam engines, possess -great force,
they also. occupy an immense space on
board a vessel, not only by the moving
power, but also by the quantity of fuel
necessary to continue them in action :-
Without enumerating the dangers of
fire or explosion, the price of the fuel will
necessarily limit the use of steam boats;
and the .h-cirulity ot li' ',inL in every ploT
coals, or a proper combustible, will op-
pose their adckption in long voyages
What is the merit of a steam boat ?
The having proved that a vessel can
move in ail weathers without sails, with
a sufficient force to overcome the cur-
rent of rivers. This force is relative to
the magnitude of the .steam engine' em-
ployed ; and, to refer to a known case-,
the corvette Eliz'a, winch ascended the
Seins', manceuvred with a twelve horse
power, or 8,40.0 lbs.
Is it not possible to find a still greater
moving power, more simple, and more
economical ? I apprehend so. This mo-
ving power, already well known and ap-
plied to many purposes, is the Hydraulic
Press of Pascal ; this press, with a mo-
ving force of 100 pounds, has a power e-
qual to 72,000 pounds. But it .may be
asked, is the hydraulic press applicable
to navigation, and can it replace the steam
engine ? The hydraulic press acts per.
pendicularly, but thence to form a late.
rat or rotary motion, is now no longer a
problem, besides, it is already resolved
in the steam boats.
The hydraulic press acts slowly, but
it possesses anu immense power. It is
well known in mechanics, that.velocity is
acquired at the expense of power. To
g .v a familiar example. I would observe,
that we can scarcely perceive the weight
of a jack descend, while the eye cannot
fellow the rapidity of the fly.
Tihterc is, therefore. no difflliculty in this
respect. The Eliza moyed with a power
from 8 to 9000 pounds, furnished by a
steam engine. Substitute foi it a hy-
draulic press, and employ only a power of
fifty pounds to the lever of the pumni,you
will then have a power eqtial to 36,000
puunds ; on which., alowing one half for
speed, you.i will have a power of 18,000
potsnds, and thie vessel will make double
the way of the one moved by the danger-
.ous power of steam.
It will, perhaps,- be objected, that the
piston of the hydraulic press having
reached the maximum of its develope-
ment, the action ceases, and it is necessa-
ry to wait until thecylinder shall be emp-
ty,and the piston descends,to recommended
the action of the press. This is true,
but the difficulty would be avoided by
eiaploying two presses, to act in suc-
cession on the same axis, so that one
shall turn it while the other is empty, and
the latter will continue the action when
that of the former ceases. The air-
pump offers a specimen of this species
of action.
From this expose, every mechanician,
who is acquainted with the hydraulic
press, will readily conceive the applica-
tion to wheels, or oars, for a vessel. The

mechanism is very different from the
steam engine; it is much more simple, it

requires no fuel, occupies less space,
runs no risk of bursting or taking fire,
and can be used wherever there is water,
and consequently may be adopted in long
voyages, and would occupy no more
hands than, a steam engine.
I donot conceive tl ,re is any great
meri. it pFroposing this new application of
the hydf'ulic press ; yet, as a French-
man, should it be. adopted, I would not
be willing that any other nation should
lay claim to the discovery, though I.
shouldbe delighted to learn that they pro-
fit byjilt; the honor of having been th'e
first td, suggest the application is all I
SLe Chevalier Cade, de Gasicourt.
"Paris, .ai. 1817.


The progress of improvement in the:
western country in general, has been
surprising, and unexampled ; and has
exceeded the anticipations, even of the
most sanguine calculators. But a few
years ago, our state was a trackless wil-
derness, inhabited only by wild beasts,
and the aborii.inas of hlie (orest.- There
were no marks of-. industry, civilization,
or inipr.ve'i niiint; all t.,' a dreary wild,
aMid every thlung app'-arr'l in the dress of
native rudeness. Now mark the con-
trast:. Behold our cities, towns, villages
and cultivated farms. See with what
grandeur they have arisen ; and how
completely they have destroyed the dull
uniformity which nature at first present-
ed; and all as it were by the power of
magic.. T'he forests, with all their wild
inhabitants, have rapidly receded ; and
their places are now occupied, in a con-
siderable degree, by improvement, civil'.
ization, and refinement. This pleasing
view is still more heightened .by the well
groundedbelt'4e that, from our many ad-
v-attages& resources,t hispart ofourcourn:
try will till continue to niprove in a geo-
metrical progression; and that, within the
limits of the State of Ohio, thousands,
from various parts of the United States,
as well as from Europe, will yet find
plenty and happiness. But, to proceed
to our main object, We will venture an
opinion, that iio county in the western
country has populated and improved
with greater rapidity than Wayne, which
is bounded on the North by Medina ; on
the West by Richland; on the South by
Coshockton ; and on the Eist by Stark.
It is about thirty miles long by 'twenty-
seven broad ; its surface level, and gen
erallyco ered with a luxurious growth of
timber of various kinds, such as oak of
the different species, sugar, elm, maple,
walnut, chestnut, beach, dogwood, cher'ry,
buckeye, and iron wood. "There are lfow
ever. in the county several p am ies of
considerable extent, aid two 01 tli ct.
small but beautiiful lakes. It is abundaint-
ly watered with good springs, and mill
streams ; the: soil jsaeeitenti-and is e-
-q tray- aiiateito grain and grass, both
of which it yields in abunda,ce. These
advantages, with healthful climate, we
possess in a superior degree ; and when
we inform our reader that it is but 9 years
since the first family mtruteti to the coun-
ty, and that it now contains a population of
about seven thousand inhabitants, W'
think he will not be inclined to disbelieve
us; or when we inforil hiin, that, at the
commencement of the late war,' which
was five years ago, it contained but one
hundred fhmiiies, and that the remaining
number of the seven thousand has mi-
grated hither since that time, he will
take it as a conclusive evidence that the
advantages of our country have not been
exaggerated. This is an increase- in po-
pulation, of which, we think, no other
county in the state can boast; and will
this extraordinary increase of population
we may fairly boast of a correspondent
increase of improvement. Our farmers,
with but few exceptions, have been re-
rnmak .bly iid,,, mi. "'s, aanl have succeeded.
in opeiaing ,a1 i whirl .i ,i.ve excited
ouur surprise; a.,d man',y of them are now
enjoying the fruits of their industry.
'Tle seat of justice for this county is
Wooster, whicti derived its name from
GEN. Woos-rEii, of Connecticut, a dis-
tinguished officer during the revolutiona-
ry war.
Woosteris handsomely situated near the
centre of the county on a piece of ground
that descends gradually to the East and
South ; and on the East side of the Kill-
buck river, a branch of the Muskingumn,
navigable to the town of Wooster for
boats of ten or twelve tons burthen. It
lies a short distance south of a direct line
from Pittsburgh to Lower Sandusky, a-
bout.one hundred and twenty miles from
the 'former, and seventy from the latter ;
and about lbur or five. miles north of a
direct linefi'om tVlie-inf to Lower San-
dusky ; north east fmrom Columbus
ninety miles, and south by west from
Cleaveland tilfty-five miles. Its streets
cross each other at right angles, and con.
tain fifty-three dwelling houses, and a-
bout fourth hundred inhabitants. The pub-
lic buildings are a school house, a bank,
a meeting hquse, a jail and court house.
The Court house, which is of brick, was
commenced this summer, and will in a
few days be under roof. It is forty five
feet square, fronting to the east and south,
and is forty feet high, with a cupola of
twenty feet in height, Iroen the top of
which there is, perhaps, as extensive and
delighful a view, as front the top of any
building in the state. The Banking
house is also of brick, thirty eight feet by
twenty eight, two stories high, and in
point of strength, and neatness, is not ex-
celled by any building in the state ot

that kind. The town contains one cler-
gyman, one teacher, three physicians,

two attornies, a post-office, a. register's
and receiver's office, a notary public, six
stores, five taverns, three blacksmiths'
shops, two cabinet shops, one wheel-
wright's, five carpenters', one saddler's,
one silvtrsmith's, one carriage and wag.
gon master's, three tailors', one shoema-
ker's. two hatters', one cooper's, three
tanneries, one pottery, and three master
masons and bricklay: rs.-Spectator.

Thepfollowing is from the Diaro di Roma, pub-
lished at Rome, in August, 1817.
For the first time has appeared in these
seas, passing from Leghorn, an Ameirican
squadron, which has been off our port for
several days, but has since sailed for Na-
ples. WVe remarked the uncommon good
appearance of these ships. A very ex-
act military discipline, a perfect knowl-
edge of naval affairs, and oT navigation,
appeared in every thing. Their spring-
locks combined ease, simplicity, and in
stant ec'ec, and were equally admirable in
their, fire arms and in pistols, and multi
plied their discharges, at pleasure. The
exIrcise, aciihiy and readiness of their
mariners, and their perfect acquaintafice
with every, thing, were observed iot
without surprise and, wonder, and'do h'o-
nor to the nation to which they belong.
Their vessels were well found. fast sa.l-
ers, and as neat as they were well built.
Soon after the visit of the fleet, anchor-
ed in our port a schooner from America,
of a most beautiful construction, elegantly
found, very light, and formed for fast
sailing, constructed and armed like our
light armed vessels. It was named the-
Cleopatra, belonging to a very rich tra-
veller, George Crowninshield, of Salem,
who, constructed her for his own use, and
for the voyages he had undertaken in
company with Captain Benjamin Crown-
inshlicll. hi' cousin iBe ides the extremrn
neatness of every thing ahibit the vessel
to fit her for sea, her accommodations'
were surprising and wonderful. Below
was-a hall of unco:nimon extent. in which
the luxury of taste the riches and ele
gance of the furniture, the harmony of the
drapery, and of all -the ornaments, inspi-
red pleasure and gallantry. Th'e upart-
meat of the stern was equally rich and
interesting. Five-convenient bed chain
bers, displayed with the same elegance,
were at the service of the captain, with
an apartment for the plate of every kind,
with which it was filled. Near was an
other apartment, which admitted all th,
offices of a kitchen, and in it was a pump
with three tubes, which passed through
the vessel, to supply water from the sea,
or discharge what they pleased, with'the'
greatest ease. The rich and distinguish-
ed owner had with him, besides his famn
ily servants, several linguists, persons of
hin.h -.*lefts in music, and an excellent
p:1inttr., Every thing to amuse makes a
part of the daily entertainment. The own-
er and captain were affable, pleasing, and
ciin.-andT cnve a flfl evidence of the ta
lents, the industry, and the good taste of
their nation, which yields to none in good
sense and true civility. The above tra-
vellers, having complied with the usual
rules of the city, and; having expressed
the due respect to the Apostolical Defe-
gate,upon receiving a particular invita-
lion, he visited the Cleopatra, in conipa
ny with many persons of distinction, and
partook of an elegant collation.

The deaths in Charleston by the Yel-
low Fever, in the week ending on the 5th
instant, were 23. The Southern Patriot
of the 9th, has the following :
S"It will be perceived by the last weekly re-
port of our Board of Health, that the Epidemic,'
which spread distress and terror throughout our
city, and clothed it in. mourning, is rapidly dis-
appearing. The decrease is so considerable, in
the short space of one week, as to warrant the
conclusion, that before the end of the present
month our city will scarcely present,a.yestige
of the disease. We have every prospect of an
early frost. and, with the retut ofLthl.season,
which Eilways brings gatetyT business, fashion
and enjoyment in 'its train, our city will again
put on the. smiling face it always presents dur-
ing the winter months."

Centurial Jubilee.
T'O be celebrated by all the Reformed
SChurches throughout the United States,
on the thirty-firstof October next; in conime-
nioration of the Reformation Which was so hap-
pily commenced by Dr. Martin Luther, on the
thirty-first of October Anno. 1517.
A new Pamphlet which briefly notices the a-
bove, may be had by iminmeliate application to
any ofthe principal Booksellers in .the United
States, price 371 cents.
Georgetown, oct 17-

S Grand Lodge.
THE annual meeting ot the Grand Lodge of
the l)District of Columbia, will take place
in their Lodge Room, in the City of Washing-
:on, ,n Tuesday next,the 21st inst. at 10 o'clock
A M. ,
s. nunCH,r
Secretary Grand Lodge.
oct 17-td

Public Sale.
B Y virtue of a decree of the honorable the
County Court of St. Mary's, acting as a
Court of Equity,will be exposed at public sale,
for 6ash, on the first day of December next, a
Triact of Land situate in St. Mary's County, it
Piney Point, formerly the property of Stephen
Lynch, late of said County, dec'd.
This Land is sold to satisfy a debt due on
mortgage to Alexander Fenwick, of said C'ty.
It lies on the Potomac, about 12 miles below
Leonardtown, and is fertile, heavily timbered,
and well improved.
Upon payment of the purchase money and
ratification of the sale by the Court, all the
,'ight, title, interest and claims of the represen-
tatives of the said Stephen Lynch, dec'd, and of
Alexander Fenwick the morgagee to said land
will be conveyed by a good and sufficient deed

to the purchaser. .
oct 17-w3w

Alexander McCormick,
A T hi,. to Gapint hill, ha. j b received
Sand t offers for sale, forty dozen, silk Hose,
15 doz women's white.
10 do, d.. black
.6 do men's white
9 do do black
These goods were purchased very low, and
will be sold for a smail profit.
Drawing Announced. ,

Coken's Lottery and Excihange Offlce,
BaltimorA Oct 15, 18i17. '
FROM the unpr-cedented sal. of' the Tick-
ets in, he
Surgical Institution Lottery
of Baltrii'ure, the managers have fixed the day
for drawing.. The undersigned lhas the plea-
sure to announce to the public, that it will po.
sitively commence on Wednesday, the 26th of
next month, (November) and the whole to be
completed in ten drawings only.
This splendid lottery contains only 8000 tick-
ets, not two blanks to a prize, and no prize low-
er than Fifty Do lars.
100,000 DOLLAik:, ,!
51)0,000 DOLLA I !.' !
30,000 DOLLAIS! I
Il.'.'uiu )DOLL. i3 !
4 pri.'es of 5,suI Dollars
All payable in Cash at the office of the
SPresent .rice of Tickets, v;z.
Whole. Ticketsffti-felr .Dollars each,
Halves S7 50 Eighths S6 87
Quarters 13 75 Tenths 5 50
Fifths 11 Sixteenths 3 44
For sale at
Lottery and Exchmane Office JVo. 110, 0Market
Street, Bultimore,
Where capital prizes have b.en obtained a-
S.r,',, i pwvards of
: 1111.10. i.. OF DO1,LL RS!
Q "Orders from any part of the Union, enclos-
ing' the cash,, or prizes in wny of the late totte-'
,, (i.,1) ,'ill. meet wiih the sarne prompt
tiie,,ai t' ,n da personal application, a'idress-
edto .
J. I. COHEN, Jr.
No. 110, Market-street, lBatimore.
Purchasers of a single Ticket, or in shares:
tb the same amount, if bought at Cohen's Of-
fice, will be furnished during the drawing
.ithli the lottery Gazette and register, which
will contain tlie Managers' Official List of all
t e Numbers, Rlanks and Prizes, drawn each
day. : .

To be had (warranted undrawn) at the Book-
store of
Pennsylvania avenue, near the Theatre,
Where a correct check book will be kept for
exacmianing all tickets, gratis.
oct,17- .

rjHE creditors of William Eisenbeck are re-
L quested to redder their claims to the sub-
scriber, legally authenticated, on or before the
16th day of November next, otherwise they
will be excluded from. all benefits.
Trustee for WilliamE isenbeck.
oct 17-

D. Fagan
FB EQUESTS .those of hi, customers who are
I.V irdebted to him to make immediate pay-
ment either to him or Mr. Bailey,who is autho-
rised to collect the same, and to make such
arrangements as may be convenient for those
who stand indebted. He has been obliged to
adopt this course, as any more forbearance on
his part would be doing injustice to his own
oct 16-eolm

I AN away on5 Saturday night last, a light
.&11 mulatto boy named ISAAC, about 17 or
18 years of age, 5 f-et 9 or 10 inches high, or
iireabouts; wore a great deal of straight aid
lIng hair on his head, dark eyes, and turns
pale when slightly alarmed." Had on a dark
brown coat, and a fur hat. Took with him se-
veral linen shirts with ruffles, and a large dark
b,-wrn great coat, with belt and straps: other
c.oatliing not known.
It is probable that he has gone on board one
of the Potomac wood boats, or has made his
way to Baltimore or Alexandria, with a view
to go to sea.
The above reward willbe given to any per-
son who shall secure the above named slave i:a
any gaol without the limits of the District of
Coumbia, so .h)t I get him agait), and twenty-
five dollars if taken and secured within the
oct 17-

Fifty Dollars Reward.
1 AN AWAY from the subscriber, living
'I. near Upper Marlbrough, Prince George'a
county, Md. a Negro Man, named PHILL ; he
is quite black and a genteel servant; about 5
feet 8 or 9 inches high, with a scar over his
left eye; he speaks slowly and through his
nose, and ias little impediment in his speech,
I think a little pitted with the small pox and a
little bow legged. He took with him all his
clothes, and, among them'are recollected, a
grey frock coat and pantaloons of same cloth,
a corduroy short coat and a pair of brown pan-
taloons, much worn and patched, two hats,
on' much worn and covered with an oil cloth,
the other quite new and of good quality. He
has connectiorts in the City of Washington,
Georgetown, Baltimore and on the Eastern-
sihore of Mil. near Georgetown Cross Road,
and will probably attempt to get to one of
tlise places; it is no doubt his intention ts
quit the state, as he absconded without the
least cause. The above reward will be given
if taken any where out of the county and se-
cured in jail so that I get him; if in the coun-
ty and brought to roe or lodged in the City jail,
twenty dollars will be given.
N. T. He has a boil under his left jaw and
many bumps when hesbaves. W. H.
Marc;, 27-2awtf

F Street Establishment.
E ZEKICIEL YOUNG, Merchant Tailor, re-
turns his sincere thanks to his friends &
the public in general for the encouragement he
has met with in his line of business, and in-
forms them that he has just received his Fall
Supply of Goods, which consist ofthe very best
extra superfine, shepherd's, blue, black, brown
and other colored Cloths, do 2d and 3d quality,
with double milled black, blue, Waterloo and
other colored Cassitaeres, with an elegant sup-
ply of Vestings, all of which will be made up
on the shortest notice, and in the latest fMashion,

by the best ofworkmen.
sep.27-2Aw .