National intelligencer
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073213/00008
 Material Information
Title: National intelligencer
Uniform Title: National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. 1810)
Physical Description: v. : ; 49-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Joseph Gales
Place of Publication: Washington City D.C
Creation Date: October 14, 1817
Publication Date: 1810-
Frequency: triweekly[jan. 2, 1840-]
triweekly[ former 1810-may 8, 1819]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former may 12, 1819-oct. 26, 1824]
triweekly[ former oct. 28, 1824-july 31, 1827]
triweekly (semiweekly during recess of congress)[ former aug. 1, 1827-dec. 31, 1839]
three times a week
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 11, no. 1580 (Nov. 27, 1810)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in June 1869.
General Note: Issued daily: <Vol. 38, no. 5420, (Mar. 1, 1837)>-v. 38, no. 5423 (Mar. 4, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Gales and Seaton, <1814-1860>
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10202373
lccn - sn 83026171
System ID: UF00073213:00008
 Related Items
Related Items: Daily national intelligencer
Related Items: Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items: Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Preceded by: National intelligencer and Washington advertiser

Full Text

/ /


('ltuesdse, Thursdays, amd Saturdays)
4rT 81I 1iI.LAl Is BR AXiaOM.- i ATVLaclI.


Jacob Schnebly, Henry Sweitzer, Wilt
7am Yates, and Thomias Kennedy, are
elected Delegates in Washington county.
One out of the four Dele'gates for
"Frederick is, contrary to previous infor-
mation, a Federalist, he (Mr. Buckey)
having a majority of three votes over Mr.
he Republican Candidates in Talbot
county have succeeded, and that county
is regenerated by the election of Daniel
Martin, Samuel Stephens, Junr. James
Nabb and Samuel Tenant.

The Legislature of the .State of TEN.
NESSEK.met on the 15th ,ult. E.VWard
was appointed Speaker of the Senate,.and
James Fl-ntress Speaker of the Houselof,
Representatives. I.
The Message of the Governor .is f~ll
of matter highly interesting to the people
of the state, as relating to their bounday.y,
land claims, &-c. respecting which the:
state has a controversy with Kentucky and
North Carolina.
Oncountingout the votesgiv.ep in at the'
late election, for Governor of the state of
Tennessee, irt p- eirsf'tiat'-ifrewe're-
For Mr. M'Mirin .28,402.
Fo6r Mr. Foster 15,460 '.
So that JOSEPH M'MINN is re-elected
Governor by a vote of nearly two to one
over his opponent.

At a General Court Martial, convened
at Erie, Pu. on the 11th day of September,
1817, and by adjournment until.the 16th
day of the same month, of which Robert
T. Spence, Esq. a captain in the U. S.
naYy, was President, and Ralph Marlin,
Esq Jlodge AIvecate, DANIEL S. DEx-
TYR, Esq~ a n ster commandant in the
navy of the Unmeed States, and the corn
handing. naval officer of the station at
'Erie, was tried upon charges, and speci-
fications Of the same, preferred against
himi byveut. Joht A. Wish, of the U. S.'
The. court, after maturely d. li rating
on the testimony in suu pij to it-fiiie clri-, -
ges and specification; of cl ges, pr-efer-
re'd gain t DriicI 9. 'Dexterh master com-
manl,., r.rt L.. r.-navy), by-lieu -irhr-rhynt--
imoussly acquit him, in a full and honor-
able manner, it -not app!ar.lng .tp 'isd
cbrlt thai a-ny cc -.ure should trlatch to
his conduct as commanlin, l officer.
ROBT. T. SPA'NCE, Plresident.
R..ra MAi [.i-, J. tlge Advocate.
The preceding sentence of the General
Court, Martial. has been approved, and
master commandant DANIEL S. DEXTBER
ordered to reassume the command of the
naval station at Erie.

A French paper iment:obs that the A-
_-nerican ship Mary, which arrived at the
port of Havre in May last from China,
having binli a year in the Pacific Ocean,
touched. at tthe. iMarquesas Islands. A
number ol:pers.ons having come on board
the ship while at one of these Islands, the
-crew thbtight they might safely : go on
Ehor.' flunrmed ; but these .insular, Ain-
thrii'pophagiimmediately killed.2 ofhemh'
.and ate them.. The. captain in conseq-
quence-retained three oflthe islanders, and
they were still on board the ship on her
arrival in France, having on their pas-
sage, 'lecmne, good sailors. Although
they had ,been humanely treated, they,
.were constantly "afraid that the captain
intended to.eat them. One of them pre-
tehnded that he was one of the Priices of[
S-iHe country. The'.bodies of all ol iluni
were tattooed,

It isistated in the London papers of the
-ineteenth of August that authentic advi`-
ces hadbeen received froinm Spain which
complain of the conduct of,M. de Garay,.
towards the'British merchants, and which
had dawn from the latter the most pres-
sing -iembnstrances. They complaiin Lhat
the Spaish aminiiieir has shown the mroos
hiostire spirit. towards .them-that the
treaty is grossly violated-that they are
subject to the most odious exactions ; and
that uinless.tlie British'court shall inter-
fere in a more effectual way than they
have heretofore, that.not only their interim
ests, but the national honor, will materi-
ally suffer. These representations it is
thought would produce their desired ef-
fect ; and it had been reported at the Ex-
change, that a warm conference on the
subject had actually.tken place.
-".. ... .1Fed. Gaz.

Eart/hquake.-On Sunday, at 40. min-.
utes past 1I o'clock a shock ofan earth-
qua) little more than hatf- a minute. It hap-
pened during divine, service in most of
the chu ches, aiad in one of them the
shock. was felt so sensibly, that the
preacher was interrupted, and the coO-
gregation: almost with.. one: accord rose,
from their seats'.
We understand the shock was sensi-
bly felt in Hartford, Conn,

By the arrival at Baltimore of the Shipt
Margaret, Capt. Kelly, in 40 days from
London, the editor of the Patriot has been
favored with London papers 10 days hatet
than have.been received by any previous
source, being up to the 29th Aug.I
The harvest in ELghftad is represented
Sto be vei~r promising; notwithstanding
considerable. damage was anticipatedlfroii
the great quantity of ruin that had fallen.
Advices fri'm all parts of the country are
extremely favorable to the crops.
The London ministerial papers contain
paragraphs advocating the propriety, and
even necessity, of tht interference of.G.
Britain in favor of Spain -against her tolo-
fiies in South America; and it is even
mentioned that an engagement to thatef-f
feet has been entered into between the two
We this day give as many extracts as
our:time and.limits will permit, from pa-
pers received at the Merchants .Coffee
Extract of a letter from It !t a.. AMur-
dock, Esq. to a Mercantile House in
this City, dated
: L' .LONDON, AUG.' 25.
SThere are no freights here, eitheIr ,for
America'nor any .other ships; anid all the
American vessels that come here return-
in ball)ast, ornearly so. The productions
generally in Europe have been very great.
Floui her is niaw 45 a 50sper bbl 'aun-
cat i and in prosppcL tne ino t plenidiul
harvest ever remembered. lTobacco con-
tinues languid every where and not more
than 6 a tld. can be quoted ; and I be-
lieve no better in- Hollanld. These are
not low prices, yet much lower than those
on your side. Cotton 18 a 2s 6, the de-
mand regular and steady.
LONDON, Auq. 27.
At the recorder's court in Dublin, on
Tuesday last, a very full attendance took
place in consequence of a trial which had
for months excited much public expecta-
tion-that of John Gifford, Esq. against
Mr Holsham, proprietor of the Dublin
Chronicle, for alibel. The traverse ha-
ving, however, made affidavit that he ne-
ver saw the obnoxious matter until it ap
peared in print, that he had no malicious
intentions toward ,Ar. Gifford',.wnose dis-
pleasure here.gretted having incurred.. ndl
to whom he publicly apologizeti, MrG(f-
ford generously abandoned the :prosecu
tion -
On the 26th- ult. an insurgent schooner
privateer plundered two Portuguese ves-
sels off St. Michaels that were coming in-
to the anchorage, the one from Figiueira,
theother from, the island.of S..tM~r -
S__.__ -.. ...,- .A G 8. Se
=-The fuids were rather depressed yes-
terday on accour,. _ofize. iv-pr
chasers not being, able to take the stock
they had contracted for. We understand
that at the close of the market above 400,
0oul. was put to public sale. There were
no defaulters, The prices are again im-
proving. At 1 o'clock consols were at
80 1-4. for money, and 81I for the account.
The Portuguese Indiamen lately cap-
tured are, as we yesterday stated, extreme-
ly valuable ; but we are happy to hear,
on minute inquiry, that the loss will fall
much more lightly on Lloyd s than had
been anticipated, tlhe greater proportion
of the insurance of these vessels having
been effected- at Lisbon ;. and we under-
stand also that it is not ai u.:commni
case for Portuguese mercantile houses to
be without any insurance whatever.
The blanket trade at Witney is now
uncommonly brisk, and all the manufac-
turers there are fully employed.
Tue sc;i. Rosalie armed aitd well man-
ncd, has been taken near Madeira.as a pi-
i t., by the Charlotta for Lisbon, and was
carried:into Bahia on the 17th of Jine.
On Mon-dv a tornado visited-the Ridge
-Hill, near Hereford, which did considera-
ble damage; it completely tore the roof
from a cottage, tore up and broke the
trees in a small orchard, fear the spot,?
and .carried tip the sheaves of wheat
which had been cut on about half an acre
of land, brucikiing the bands, and dispeti-
sing the corn in all directions,
.The Caesar, which, in consequence of
the loss of the Alceste frigate, recently
brought home.Lord Amherst &,hlis suite-
from B-'tavria, is the bearerof the latest in-
telligence.,from. St. Helena, relative to
the health and manner of living of the
ex emperorof France. The Caesar, hav-
ing occasion to touch at St. Helena, Lord
Amherst expressed a desire.to be intro,
diced to Bonaparte, and in spite of some
obstacles that presented themselves, his
lordship, with capt. Maxwell and' Mr,
Lynn, surgeon ofthe Alceste, was allow-
ed to wait upon him. On the 3d of July
Lord Amherst was ushered into Bona-
parte's presence at Longwood, whilst
capt. Maxwell and the surgeon waited in
an anti-chambei'r. It was not long before
those officers were.desired.to join. There
wvas nothing in..the.appe, aranee of Bona-.
parte, which in. the least indicated ill
health ; on the contrary, he looked well,
and !less bloated than ordinary. In his
conversation with the party, his questions
were put with:1is usual rapidity :indeed,
they .followed.each other in such quick
succession, that answers .could only be
given to those which appeared most mar--
ked, and important. With .his general
curiosity, Bonaiparte enquired of the offi-
cers what stations they filled on board the



A morning paper states, on what it
calls authority-of the first respectabili-
ty,'that a Treaty has been carried into
effect, under- the powerful mediation of
Russia, binding Great Britaiin and the
other maritime Powers to joiti in con
cert to effect the submission and, pacifi-
cation of the.Spanish Colonies. ; and that
a new political regime, quite-different
from the former, is to be established,
particularly as far as regards foreign
trade, to which full liberty is -to be gi-
ven, under certain modifications."
Of the gross impolicy of ahy suchi
interference we have already more than
once expressed our opinion-and as to
the fact of a Treaty having been- actu-,
ally entered into for the purpose we
need go no farther than. to the seqiiel of
this- report itself for its refutation, where
it is very consistently affirmed that' it
is not. known how far the Spo'nish Go-
vernment will adopt all the clauses. "-
" -'Adopt.i" the clauses of a Treaty *hichI
is previously stated to have bee ciar-
ried into effect !" That negociatioris for
such a treaty are on foot we thing: pro.
bable enough ; but-we feel quite assured
that as yet nothing of the kind hasbeen
completed. The same report add., that
another treaty is on the tapis, under ex;
actly the same mediation, by which S.ain
is to continue the Slave Trade tilt the
year 1820, and to receive from England
a large .indemnity for the losses slie has
experienced by the capture of vessels.
employed in this trade.-Star. A
It is understood to be positively settled
that the young Prince of.Portugal is to:
come to Europe with his Princess imme-I
diate!y after the marriage ; and the royal:
couple are to take up their residence and-
hold a. Court at Lisbon while the Kihg,-
his father, continues in the Brazils. Mr.,
Thornton's mission to the Bfrazils is ex-
pressly to compliment the Prince and
Princess on their marriage, and to accom-
pany them to Europe,
LMINnDlp, AUG. 26,
By the Jamaica Packet. letters, have
been received from Vera Cruz, ot course
from royal sources, dated May 7, from

Uconuct exitmUa.U uy tn.i; eIoy\Ua iwss
Guards, in Paris, on the 10th of August
1'792. *n The memories of those brave
men who perished in the field of battle,-
of those who afterwardslost their lives in
expiation of their fidelity, and of those
Who subsequently died, are consecrated
by this act. Their names,as well as those
of their brethren in arms who survive,
'shall be inscribed in a register, to-be care-
ful!y preserved in the.archives of.the con-
federatiorn." The decree then provides,
that all the officers, subalterns, and sol-
diers, who were present on that day at the
Thuillernes, and who yet live, shallreceive
a medal, in the name of the Diet, having
on one side the cross of the Con federation,
with the legend. "fidelity and. honor,''
and on,the other, simply this date, "4u-
gust 10th, 1792."
The negotiations with the Court of
Rome are terminated. M. de Talleyrand
Perigord, Grand Almoner of- France,.
formerly Archbishop of Rheims ; M. de
la Luzerne, fbrme-ly Bishop of Langres,
and M. de Beausset, formerly Bishop of
Alais, are created Caroiinals.
Among the Archbishops and Bishops
of France, nominated by. the King, and
instituted by the Holy See, are his Emi
nence the Cardinal de Talleyrand, pro-
moted to the Archbishopric of Paris ; M.
de la Pare, formerly Bishop of h.ancy, to
the Archbishopric of Sens; M. de Be-
rins, Coadjutor of Alby, to the Arch bi-
shop'ric of Lyons ; the former Bishop of
Sisteron, to the Archbishopric of Thou
louse ; M. de Caucy. formerly Bishop
of Rochelle, to the Archbishopric of
Rheims ; M. de Latil, Bishop of Amnyc
lea, First Almoner of MIonsieur,. to the
Bishopric of Chartres ; M. Lalande, Cure
of S. Thomas d'Aquines, to the Bishop
ric of Rhodes, &c.
The United States Branch Bank at
Middletown, Con. commenced its opera-
tions on Monday the 29th utl.
The ship Lautaro, from Greenock for
Charleston, foundered at sea on the 10th
of September, the 16th day out; and,
melancholy to relate, 25 of her passen-
gers and 2 of her crew, went down with
the shiR,

ship, and on learning Mr. Lynn y.is the which, the. fiolowinig is an extract, :
surgeon, he enquired ,.ht sytnc ouf Within th lastrseven months the re-
pharmacy he pursued ? Th.t pcids volurinn in this quarter has greatly 'de-
on circumsnir c,-s,' replied the ii;eonl. lined, sr that i uni this place to Mexico
'I hype,' rejoined the general, 'i iA- any the post goes regularly under in escortol
other than that practiidil on this t..Kd, fiftetkn cr twenty.mcn, that is from henct
for here ie have the samo tittrg 't-r t, Xal.ja, ir fraLm that place to the cap-.
andowe' .astain-bleeding anhd'c:domel for hil no escot t is neczsary. All the point,,
ever.' The corversationr taking a turn in this nulhburhluod li-,rtily held b.
on.tbi*i-snision o[ Lord Ainli stto Linni, tihe ir,.urgerts are now in our possession,.
his lIdochiip itlated the cause of its fail- Tr'e only e.i'ting assemblage of them is
.ure, which he a-cribed to the necessity hb.tweer Gu-ina.xoj. and Queratero, corn-
imposed upon him by the trnpeiror, of .in..tg i ol .'i,.: t.n. and:to disperse them
smiting the ground nineteen uimes with .;-re :,I_ i: z hias left Mexico With 2000
his forehead.;, an indignity :hliichl his ifa.ntry.and 500 cavalry, hoping to join
lordship intimated could not be slbm tted .o00 more collected from the Capt. Gen-
to. Here Bonaparte's answer shewed e-alship under his command".
the man. Indeedil Now, ha-it suited 'Letters.were also received from Lima,
my policy to send an armbassad6r to the duaed 4th March, but they contain no
emperor of China, I should haveinstruct- interesting particulars, except a very
edihim to kiss his great toe ; andl if that .armated, picture of the great consterna-
would not do, he might, if required, have tion that had been caused in. Peru by the
saluted a more offensive part, provided capture of Chiliby the'patriots. The roy-
my object could be attained.' alits -*.holihad escaped-from Valparaiso,
In the course of conversation Bonaparte and other parts of the.coast, had arrived
-said, he knew of no law which gave the at-.Callao.: ,
powers of Europe the right of retainingg .Extract of.a letter from the agent to
him a prisoner at St. Helena, or else- Lloyd's at Chunna., dated the 16th inst.
where ; and. strongly urged the' Fopriety, -+" Sailed -yesterday, tlhe. Tunisian schr.
of his present situation being, taien into Tafla, on.a.cruize. It is reported that a
consideration by the crowned teads of vessel of- war, looking-like a Swede, cha-
Europe. Notwithstanding his distppoint- -sed the. above schooner off the, island of
mients, he still affects great relimlce on. Sisurga, and that after a short resistance
the justice of the Prince Rcrcnt r, F.i.g- she yielded." ,
land, hten unconnected wil. naintoil p,- His '.iALsty's store ship Prevoyante,.
licy and the influence of ministers; and, wli tcl arAi iid on riaturday at Portsmouth,
wih lhtls-i.res-oin on hisipinil, he ex.- ias ZO d ys rio n'Quebec, and brought
.rcrssed an anxious wish that l.,ar-i .rn- home the retmaintler of tie o'in-.isl ,ca-
herst would be thi bturcr of a ltttr min.nndrmmarines, forom thie late service
from him to h;s Royal lh..hncsi, wtiich o6that colony. Sir. Robert Hall was left
had been prepared some time, with the: as commissioner and commandant in se-
intention of forwarding it to England: We cond ?n the lakes, with a-very small force
have reason to believe'we are.corre:t in and establishment under him.
stating, that his lordship undertook tode- P'Anis, AUG. 24.
liver the letter in question. It is said to Advices frpm Lisbon of the 9th Aug
be couched in the most respectful terms ; announce, that Baron, Eben and the other
but discovers a' soreness throughout on prisoners convicted of.conspiracy, have
account of the unnecessary restraints he been condemned to death, and will shortly
alleges that he is made to undergo. The be executed. .
officers of the late Alceste found that he VIENNA, AUG. 15.
can have the range of the whole island in It was on the 7th that Baron de Stip-
his exercise of riding, driving, or walking, sits, vice president of the council of war,
provided he will allow a British officer to received by express, from the military
attend him ; but to this he objects. As commander' of Semlin, news of the death
it is, he may extend his walks about 12 of Czernia George. It is said .he wass
miles; but then he is liable to aeet in his induced to return to Servia, in conse-
peramnbulations British centinils at vari- quence of having at. the time of his
oW' points, who never fail to present arms flight deposited in the ground 50,000 du-
to him. Madame Bertl,rand. as seen by cats, in the neighborhood of Semendria.
the British officers, nid the impression He returned therefore, under a disguised
'made upon them was% that she was. a name, in hopes of regaining it ; but he
very handsome and- clever-woman. had the imprudence to mention it to a
f.."['rier. man whom: he supposed was his friend
-Tat. .. .f..ngl has .and in whose house he wished to conceal
agreed to receive the notes .c '- nk himself it Scinetidli 1.i. I his p1~e3't.
of Ireland thesame as tth, o10- l'fiTerei. n ra im ..iAe.s ur-.pe"li.J--a- s.cil 1,,,
lustrate this-subject, it is ofily o~l -tl'ai n- ,organ r-me riaena o"r ert-I
to state that a merchant in Dublin, in- grade. he Turk repaired to. the. place
stead of paying 10 per cent. for a bill to with several Janissaries, beheaded Czer
meet his engagements in London, may nia George, and sent his head to the Pa-
trans-nit Irish notes, and thuy will be cha, who immediately forwarded it to
received as British currency. It may be Constantinople. Czernia George was a
a wonder of nine days ;" but Ireland general in the Russian service, and decor-
reaps the advantage : it raises her. pro- ated with the order of St. Anne.
perty 10 per cent. in price in the great We learn from Constantinople, that
market of the world ; and, if it be true, there are great movements of troops,
as we are confident it is,. we owe to the both at Adrianople and its environs.
present ministry, on this account alone, LAUSANKI, AUG. 19.
more than to all their predecessors since The Diet, on the 17th inst. issued a de-
the revolution.-Dublin Journal. .cree in commemoration of the glorious

In Germany, Carlsbad is now spoken
of as the scene of animmediate and gene-
ral Congress. The.assembly will be com-n
,posed .-of the. following personss :'- Mr.
Lamb. as Minister kc England; for Rus.
sia,;the- Count C "as'Itria; fr Austria,
the Prike, de M1~tl;npcli ; and the Prince
de Hardeniberg anid Comte de Carany;r,
for the Courts of Prussia and t-f ,a1 ce.'
The principal objects of the delitYerati oris
of this Congress are presumed.t6 be tha
affairs of -South America, together with
the disputes between the Crowns of Spain
and Portugal,. ..
The fact is re-asserted, that Russia is
to lend her powerful arm.towards the put-
ting down the insurgents of Fhe. Spanish
colonies. The exact description and
specific amount of her. auxiliary force are
even subjoined. The aid which Rdssia
is said to have granted on this occasion
consists of five sail of the line and four
frigates, with transports for conveyance
of 16,000 men. The whole armament,
letters from the continent affirm, has lain
for some time in .the harbor of Sebastopol,
in the Crimea; but.the Tul'ks refuse the,
passage of the Bosphorus, notwithstand-
ing the warm remonstrances of Count
Stronganoff, the RtuAiat.Minister at the
Porte. .. .
We (Morning Post) have authority to
state, most positively anid unequivocally,
that there is :rot the slightest foundation
for the reports oflate so industrioius'ly -,1 -
,ulat d and ,o persdveringly dwelt upon
by some of our cotemporaries, of Great
Britain being likely to be engaged in war
on account of Spain and her colonies.
Never indeed was there.a period in which
there was less probability of this country
being hostilely involved with any state ;
for never were we on more friendly terms
with all powers than we have the happi-
ness to be at the present moment, and we
can with equal confidence and truih as-
sure our readers, not only that there ex-
ists no difference upon any point what-
ever, but that there is not likely to be any
ground of misunderstanding between this
and any other country.
A private letter from Paris, dated the
15th inst. contains the followingS:-
You have heard that several foreign
Ministers. are expected to meet at Carls-
bad, and that probably a few Crowned
Heads may visit that place of fashionable
relaxation But do not imagine, there-
fore, that any solemn measures of Euro-
pean policy are to be discussed. It is
possible, indeed, these diplomatic char-
acters, being assembled there, mitty occu-
Ip a part of thL ir leisure in adju.tii'.;, ly
pe rsn.Aael-ao.oierence._what would be mTor'
-tedtntr'ay-trans:cted oy the T-htu- i .:
ol despatches. This will be all ; and I
can assure' you there is not the slightest
foundation for the report that a Congress
is to be formally appointed. Such an
idea exists only in the heads of your Eng.
lish politicians, who must be pardoned.
for inventing when real news is-exhaust-
ed. The grave' prognostics of the Moirn-
ing Chronicle, upon the subject, ari-
much ridiculed here, in the best informed
political society."
Several of the daily papers are amusing
their readers by reports, and the contra-
diction of reports, of the existence of se-
rious discussions among the Chief Pow-
ers of Europe, particularly respecting the
Spanish, colonies, in which it is said Eng.
land is deeply- involved. As it is but a
few- days since we (Courier) put down
such rumors, it'is not very necessary now
to repeat the assurances so recently giv-
en to-the public. At no time since the
commencement of that memorable cala-
mity, the French Revolution, has Eng-
land had such fair .prospects of permIa-
nert tranquility as she has at this mo-
ment. This we believe, not only with
reference to her own relations with all
other states, but with reference to the re-
lations existing between those other states
themselves. Government continues its
progress with a steady and.regular pace
to reduce our military and naval es'ab-
lishments, a fact which shews that Min-
isters-have'no doubts respecting the pub-
lic tranquility, either actual or prospec-
tive. How the rumors to the contrary
have arisen, it is not easy to ascertain.
Speculations in the funds may have given
them birth, or the communications with
Spain, of late -more frequent than usual.
The situation of the Spanish colonies
renders this a matter of course. Of this
we are persuaded that the most intimate
understanding, and the most perfect har-
mony. exists between the Cabinets of
London and Madrid. The silly nonsense
of the opposition papers deserves ridi-
cule only, not a grave reply. One of
them this morning asserts, that England,
having declined to give military aid to
Spain against her colonies, refuses to
agree that Russia shall send troops to
bouth America. All the reports of iRus-
sia, intending to send such aid, are obvi-
otusly unfounded. Spain has a better navy
than Russia. She carn herself send live
sail of the line and four frigates more e:o-
sily than Russia can, and she has abun-
dance of troops well affected to the cause,
more likely to be efficient than Russians.
But Spain is poor, and so is Russia. Rus-
sia is less capable of any financial excr.
tion even than Spain. The whole is not
a. question of where resources can be
found in ships and soldiers, but where re-
sources can be found in money.


,--'- ., : ",a / .-.= -



WA nllxaTro, ocr. 11, 1817.
Your paper having been made the me-
dium of comimulication to the public.re-
specting my.'arrest, with certain extracts
from the pr,-ceedings, a-id the opinion of
the Court before which I was tried, per-
mit me to request that the proceedings
entire. may be now conveyed to it by the-
samre channel. The tUstimony adduced
on an investigation of the charges hpon
which I was arraigned exhibit some facts
of importance to me, beyond the honor-
able acquittal which 'lPlow their disclo-
I have also to desire, that the papers
prefixed to a certified copy of the pro.
ceedings herewith enclosed, marked A,
R. and C n a.n. a of d- at tihe same time

cer of such ship, and all persons whatsoever ,n
bc.ard, marines as well as seamen, shpll che*.'-
fnlly, promptly, and without any appearance of
hesitation, obey every order given by the cap-
tain or commanding officer, and no person shall,
on board, presume to, object to, or, in any man-
ner or form, question the propriety of any such
CHIS. STEWART, President.
110. HERLEY.
LITTN. ,W. TAl;'rWELL, rudge Ad.ocate.
Marine Iairacks, WIul'hingttrin,
.August 26.th, 1817.

Extract from Captain Stewart's Zddresg
I to Colonel Wharton.
The solemn decision given by this
Court in the case, and under the stroi6g
obligations of their duty and their oath,
will evince to the members of the Ala-
rine Corps, that the officers of the Unit-
ed States' Navy airc as trnnaciousz-wi:n re.
gard.to the lawful rights and privileges
of that corps as they are of their own ; -a
corps so often united in arms with the
navy, and which has so frequency and
honorably participated in the laurels ac-
quired, by their efforts, over the e emies
of their country."

Samuel Wilcocks, Special Judge Advocate.
The Judge Advocate read the orders, and cal-
lid over "the names of the members of the
(iurt, when the.,,Court adjourned to meet the-
nuxt day at 10 o'clock, the Judge Advocate
setting that he was not ready to proceed.

Sefitenhber 1 Ilk, 1817.
The Court met pursuant to adjournment.
S.* 1lKESENT,'
'Pol. Win. King, 4th Infty. President.
; .Members.
pol. George FH. Mitchell, corpsof Artv..
Lt. Col. J. V. Ball, 1st Infty.
Lt. Go W. 'Lawrence, 8th Infty.
Lt:'Col. W. K. Armnistead, Erigrs.
it. ColG, Arnistead, corps of Alty.
Col. R. Jones, corps of Arty.
S' ,v-lrnumevwaries.
Major.John il. Davis,
Win. McDonald ta .
Samuel Wilcocks, Special Judge Advocate.
The 'Judke Advocate stated to the Court that
le ywas prepared to take up the case .of Lt. Col.
Franklin Wharton, of the Marine Corps. A
doubt being suggested whether a Court, com-
posed exclusively of army officers, was compe-
tent to the trial of, a ninember of the Marine
Corps,"the Court was cleared for deliberation.
The .ludge Advocate gave it as his opinion,
tlitt'Le court ihad colmpef.te. jurisdiction i:, the
case; but, the question being considered.of irn
portance, and the members not being satisfied,
it was finally determilled that the lJudge Advo-
cate should, 'tliroigh tile War Department, so
licit tihe, opinion of the Attorney Generdl on tie
points at issue, and the Court adjourned to meet
the nxt day at 1U o'clock.

September.. 2th, 1817.
The Court met pursuant to adjournment.

0ol. \Ym. King, 4th Infiy. President.
Col George E. Mitche;!, corps of Arty.
Lt..Col. J. V. Ball, Ist kft'y.
Lt.Col. W. Lawrence, 82i lnfty,
Lt.Col, W. K. Arnmistead, -ugrs.
Lt. Col. G. Armistead, Arly.
Lt Col. f. Jones, Arty.
S.'upternumeraies, '
Major John M Datis, S u r"
W Mcl)onald, S
-Samuiel Wilcocks,, pecial Judge Advocate.
'; h Jolew .\ ... laid bejuru the Court Ihe
I.,ll..l. ~.i, j ..i ince with the W ar )e-
partrientl, hereunto annexed.
The Court being cleared,;afterduae delibera-
timn, deterin.ned that they had nojurisdiction of
tiz case.
The Judge Advocate stating that he had no
further business tfr the Court, tile Court ad-
journd sine diu.
WM. KING, Col. 4th Infty.
SaMIs. WiacocKS, Special Judge advocatee.
Washington,'Sept. 12th, 1817.

GEORGE GaTIA3ar, Esk. Acting Secretary of, War.
Sla-A doubt has arisen. with ,the .General
Court Martial, hof which Col. \VnV. King is Pres-
ident, whether that Court is competent to try
Lieutenant Colonel wVharton, of the Marine
Corps, inasmuch as the Court AMartial is not a
mixed Court, composed of army olfl'ficers, associ-
ated with officers of the 5Mnarine Corps, as ap-
peal '-s to them necessary by the 68th article of
war. "The Court is desirous to hlaye. tl,. opin-
ion of the Attorney Gen'eral on this point.'
I ita, with respect,
Your obedient servant,
SSpecirJudge- AIidvoc tte.
Washington, Sep. llth, 1817.
,- ^ ._ ... ^_]_._...,. ,.-- -

' the r i.'..: r of your letter o0 tins date
I -. j ,.., 13 .n,,, rted the question therein
I. ,I I- .... c general, and have iiow
thile i.hoor to enclose you his opinion.
WYith great respect, r
Your obedient serveit,
S actingg Secrdtary of 'FtVar.
SA!TELXWVILCOCK',Es.. Special Judge Advocate.

I am of opinion that, under he 68th article of
war, it rests with the. sound discretion oi tile
proper Departmentofilie'governmen(, whether
to sumnon officers of the marines in the con
stitution of a Court Martial for the trial of the
Lieutenant ColoiAel of the Marine Corps, or
wholly to pass them by; nor do I know of any
act of Congress, or other law, authorizing a dif-
ferent construction of it.
"1 7 1Ittorney Genieral.
September 11th, 1817.

*n, ana %,, imay ppear aT Lt: Sallie 1. ,
agreeably to the order in which they are [ ] Washington, Sc/ft. 19, i817.
arranged. Sint-Having understood, through the
With great respect, Navy Department, that my arrest, with
1 have the honor to be the charges preferred against me, had re-
SFiANKLN WHARTON. ceived your specidA consideration,, it is
Meesrs. Gales-' Scatodn. with no small degree of reluctance that I
now presume to addrecs you upon the sub-
A] OPINION OF THE. NAVY COURT ject; but, having been- before two Courts
The General Court Martial ordered Iz c-n' Martial, each of which having decided
vene nill the Citv ot Washington, on the 2iAt dayv.. i. n k e
of August, 1817, by virtue of a warrant from that itcoul not take cognizance of my
the honorable the Secretary of the Navy of thl case, and remaining, as I dot in q state .of
United States, bearing date August 19th, 1817, duress and painful suspense, I trust I
-forthe trial of Franklin Wharton, Esquire, Lieu- shall be excused* for approaching you,
tenant Clonel Coinandant of tie Uited with the request that you will be pleased
States Marine -Corps, iur certain offcnc-s ith s.t .y. i r i i
which hie stands charged by Archibald Hender- to hzve ordered for my trial such court,
son, Esquire, aCaptain in the said Corps, having as under existing circumstances to your
met in obedience to .the said warrant, the said wisdom inay seem expedient.
Fracklit Whiarton, Esquire, Lieutenant Colonel I I would here, sir, most respectfully
Commandant of tile United States' Marine beg leave to submit to you a copy of my
Corps denied the authority and competency of answer to the lette r o arrest, received
the tsid Court Martial to take cogmnzance ofIlis I ,. .ay o. of th e
case, because tile said Court' was composed of frontm the honorable the Secretary of the
officers of the Navv ,f the United States; and Navy ; it will exhibit to you- the ground
having prayed suejudgent of the Court upon i upon which I protested against the juris-
this objection, thie Court, after the most aiten- i diction of a Naval Court, ;and' the opinion
tive consderaton of tie plea and answer ofthe I then held in regard to the description .of
accused, is fOpinion-. Courts al to which I was anenabl
That a '.aval Court Martial hath authority to i urts partial to which I was amenable,
try none but th se who'are subjected to naval Thltt opinion has since been confirmed by
rules; for such a Court is governed by none the decision of two enlightened and honor-
other than naval laws. If, therefore, 'the ac- able tribunls. It is true, sir, that to the last
used, upon the present occasion, cannot oe re- O f these, composed of army otlicers ,lone
gar ed asbelonging to the N avalC orpsorp in "d ofar.y o. cers alone,
another way amenable to the arulcs.an, rcgu- .i m ade no objection : but appeared before
nations for thile better government of the navy of It wilt thie intentiont of proceeding to trial.
the United States, this Court is not competent In this intention, induced by an anxious
to take cognizance of the accusation preferred desire for at investigation of my military
against y the act of oness of the conduct, I was disappointed; the Court
'I'hat as by the act of the Congress- of thes
United States, enacted July l1th, 1798, and en-1 saw fit, of its own accord, to enquire into
titled Ai act for establishing and organizing lts jurisdictioil, aindhaving decided there-
a Marine Corps," the said Marine Corps, there oil, closed its proceedings. '
by created, is declared to be an addition to the Thus situated, I have taken the liberty
military estabshment"of tihe United States, antd to appeal to your known i'egard for- the
is directed to ,take"11 the stune oath" which is )Ja S 1 tile- "
prescribed to tle said- lditrIy establishment pui service and reputation of the offi
Sthe -, 1 in,.- i i,.. I '- i nil. cer, wvitl an a:nxions _,licitude that a
eel sf -n .n-y.- *.t- ]I,, -, "; "*---:- -'- --- ~'-. _- 21fr. i0aJL _l.lI ..i ,,- x ,tlirn t .- ",
It is true, that by the stmne act, suclldeth- .be bconveried as early as possible for a full
ments from the Marine Corps are authorized to and linal investigation of my conduct.
be made, as from time to time.the- President I have: t ehono o, to be
shall julge necessary,.to act oi board of the tl- .-.
States a.d aiy of the armed vessels of the Unit- W ith great respect
ed States; and such detaclhnents, when nile, Your obedient servant,
are expressly declared to be subjected to thile FRANKLIN WVIAltTON,
rules for the regulation of the navy. But this, Lt. Col.Coin. of Marines.
in. the opinion of this Court, does not alter thie His ExcelleneV Jut It MsNIOto, .
:general character of the Marine Corps as an ad-i President of the Un ted States. '
ditional part of tile military establishment, or
subject that Corps to the rules and regulations '[.]
for the better government of the navy, except Proceedings of a General Court Mar-
in thespecial cases in which they are, by this. tial, held at the City of Washington, by
act, declared to be so subjected. For the Ma- virtue of the following ordcr :
rine Corps even while employed on board the oi
frigates or any other afmed vessels of the Unit- dj. & Insp. General's Uffce,
ed' States, still remain a component part of the 27th Augiust, 1817.
military establishment, although while thus em. GENERAL ORDER.
played it is bound -Ipnsayal rules and naval dis- A General Court Martial will assemble at
cipline. Before it is attached to, and the mo- Davis's Hotel, in 'the city of Washington, oni
meant it is again detached from, the ships and Wednesday the 10th September next, for the
armed vessels of the United States, however, it trial of such [lr.:' i.r i rr..,,' be brought before
is subjected to military rules and military dis- it.. The -.:'.., ..I1 t.e -...,i-,osed as follows :
cipline. Col. Tfn. ring, 4th Iifty. IPRESIDEr.
The Court is not apprised of any law under ,at.n-
which a marine officer of the rank of the accus- rCo G eorgei e BE. l'tchell, corps of Arty.
ed could ever have been attached to any frigate ILtGe.l.f. V. Ball, 1st lofty.
or other armed vessel of the lUnited 'States, thai Lt. Col..a L e.-acl, 8t lnfty.
is to say, could be subjected (without his Own L t. Col. IV'-.1Lamrence tt 1nry.
consent) to the rules and regulations ofthe Lt. Co1.V.'..A. .ei'fllct io, Aingrs.
navy, and that consent, so far from being given, Lt. Col. G. AJonestd, corps' of Arty.
is expressly here denied. Lt Col Je Arty.
The Court have looked into thew Atrant of V EI-- s-neittOwii. s. 9
its authority to decide this case, as also into the Major J'han Davis,
chaTges and specifications thereto annexed, to lSin. ,JfcDaniald, Staff.
see if from thence it could possibly be infer- A Judge Advocate will be appointed, and fur-c
redeven that the accused was, or ever had been tert instructions will be given, through the
amenable to naval law : but they have found no- Presiient'of theCourt,in after orders'.
thing therein affirming this; so farfr-m it, while By order,.
the warrant is entirely silent upon this subject, rD. PARKER, Adj & Ins. Gen. -
every specification refers- to acts and thiiigs, .
which, if done or omitted, (and the Oourt does l 4j. & Insp. General's Ofice,
not mean to offer an opinion upon thiw point) 3d Sept. be 18
must necessarily have occurred in the discharge GENERAL ORtfRIS. 1817.
Snot of nraval, but of military, duties, Samuel Wilcocks, Esq. is appointed Special
Not regarding the accused, then, as bound Ju ,ge' Advocate of the General CourN Seu-tial' of
generally by the rules and regulations for the which Colonel Win. King' Preside-t, ordered
better government of the navy, seeing nothing to convene in this city on tihe 10thli it The
either in the warrant, charges or specifications, Judge Advocate will arraigi the prisoner 'for
which s ev to she that he was under trial, will furnish charges and evidence in :sup-
such an obligation n this particular case, and hie port of thie same, and be accountable to the
havingn 'positively, denied this fact, ant: shown Court for all thle proper details. '
strong reasons why it cannot be supposed to SMould a prosecutor and nounsel appear, their
exist,.the Court feels itself bound to alow Ils vwi,hes will be submitted to the Court through
plea to its jurisdiction, and to declare, that it the Judge Advocate.. "Vhenf the Court has fin-
ought not andt cannot take cognizance of the ished its proceedings, ithe record will be deliv-.
matters and charges that have been aMleged a- ered to the Judge Advocate, and the President
against the accused in this case. will report to- this office for orders. '
In giving this opinion, thile Court think it By order, L
right to add, that although the Marine Corps, or D. PARKER, ,dj. & Insp. Gen.
ny Member thereof,; while not attached to any ,
frigate or other armed vessel of the Un:ted Se/ztemher l th, 1c17. c
States, is not amenable .to a Naval Court, .or t. Thd urt met p Irsua o tha boe, 1 o1.
the rules and regulations for the better govern- h Court met pursuant to tle above orers.
mpent of the Navy, yet the' moment the sail Pru:isENrT,
corps, or anlly member thereof, is duly attached Col. Win. King, 4th [nfty Presldeiat.
to such vessels, the. said corps, or any member. Al. anbers. '
thereof, during the period, he or it remains so Col. George E. Mitchell, corps of Artv.
attached, is bound by the said rules and regula- Lt. Col J V. Bail, 1st Intty.
tions, and is subjected to a. iav:al Court MI'tial, Lt. Col. \Vm. Lawrence, 8,. Infty.
no matter whether emp oyed on shore or afloat. Lt.Col. W..K. Armnistead, rEngrs.
For, to use. the language of a late honorable Lt. Col. .G. Armistead, corps nof Arty.
Secretary oc the Navy, "in every'ship of thle Lt. Col. R. Jones, corps of Arty.
United States, there must be observed by thile fnpe'rtimeai't,-.
SMarines, as well as by the seamen, a respectful Major Win. McDuonald, Staff.
subordination, and an unqualified submission to .
the orders of the captain or commanding offi- Major Davis. s r,

Col. T. S. Jessup, 3d Taft'y:
Lt. Col J. V. hall, Ist Infty. ,
Lt. i:ol W. Lawrence, 8th Infty.
Major R. Smith, Marines.
Captain R. Wainwrigh', Marines.
Samuel Wilcocks, Special Judge Advocate.
The Judge Advocate read the order of the
19th inst. and the remarks ofthe Executive oni
the former proceedings of the Court.
Lieutenant Jolonei Franklin Wharton, ofthe
Marine Corps, being in Court, and called to the
bar by the Judge Advocate, tendered his swor' 1
to the President-of tie Court, which, bO the di-
rection of the Court, was received by the Judge
The prisoner was then asked by the Judge
Advocate, whether he had any objec ion or
challenge to make to tiny ofthe members oF the
'Court, to which lie replied in the negative.
Captain Wainwright requested to withdraw
from the Court, as ie was a witness o' the part
of the prosecution mid felt a d licacy in sitting,
The Court being cleared for deliberation,
determined that l\e should not be permitted to
withdraw. The Judge Advocate then adrmnis-
tered the oath to the Court, and was afterwards
himself qualified by the President. The pris-
oner being, asked whetlier he was ready for
his trial, replied that lie was, and asked the
Court to grant iim the aid of counsel to assist
him in his.defelice,.to which the Court assent-
ed. The prisoner was then arraigned by the
Judge Advocate, on the following charges.
Charges and Seecif/rations o charges prqferred
against LieittenanS Coloiel.F,'anklin Wharton,
comnmadarnt of the .1t7'ne Corps, by Brevet
.ifjo-.AlrchiiJtd lu Ielerson, ef the Slame corps.
CHAnon 1st- -Neglect t Ilcity.
Specification lst.-In that lie never has, with-
in the last two yea.s, or at any former period,
taken command of any parade of the Marine
specification 2d--In tha he never has, with-
in the last two years, or at any former period.
taken command in the field of any part of the
Mari'n' Corps.
Specficat.on 3d--In that he never has, within
tile last two ears, or at ,.ny former period, in
thile uniform of'tlie-clrps, reviewed orinspected
any part of the Marine Corps, either at the head
quarters of the corps, or at any of thie Navy
Yards, where guards of theeMarine Corps were
S/.. n, 1.'/. In that he has neglected.
notwithstanding repeated applications from
Captain -ub0ert I). Wainwright, to give such:
order-as would justify that officer in carrying
into execuitionl the sertcLces of. a'Court .aMar-
tial, convened by-order of Lieutenant Colonel
Whiarton, of tLie date of the 26th October, 1816,
at the. -arine Barracks, Charl.-sowin, Massa-
clUisc.t-, on tie 11,.h November, 1816, whereby
two private soldiers, Peter Hull and John Cord-
well, lihave been unjustly and oppressively kept
il confinement beyond the period of their sen-
tences by tile courtt Martial. and whereby.those
sentences remained unexecuted .on the 8th
June, 1817. .
'*. .... .', 5th.-In that Peter Moore, a
private soldier in the Mirine Corps, has been
unniecessarily and oppressively kept in confine-
ment at the Marine Barracks, Charlestown,
Massachusetts, ins consequence of no notice-
having been taken by Lt. Col. Wharton, of a,
report made-by Capt. Wainwright on the 18th
of iMlarlch, t117, of tile voluntary sSurrender of
tile said Peter Moore on te on the 3d of that month
as a Deserter, and ill consequence of.which the
said Peter Moore still remained in confinement
on thl.e 8th June,1817.
CaAiRe 21.--Conduct unbecoming an officer
and a gentleman.,
Specification lst.-In that, notwithstanding
it was. communicated to him that his military
character had been assailed in its tWnderest
point, in consequence of the course he pursued-
at the time of the captete y
-inotonb' -t-i'c enemy, he did decline,i ad has
-- ...-*declined" (though .colmtuhications
I, [ i, i n1t're -'lno hu 'tI,, tinA ...-. -, \~, -' .,' late,
date) to ..take any) eff-ctual measures to put a
st;ia to .-prts li highly injurious to his own
i ,''n i r: :', :-i T,* i :t, great diLs:a vantage to the
corpsutinder his comman4i.
Sfpei';fcattonu 2--Id that on or about the 14t1h
of Ap iil last, he' did use harsh and ung'entle-
manlike language towards Johin Hall, Esq. at
that inMe a ajor-in the Marine Corps, in these
wo)lrs, that he .wai a liar.
Speejticritrm 3d.-In that he did subsequent-
ly refuse to make satisfactlory reparation to the
said .Joiui H.dl, Esq. for having used towards
hilm such harsh and :ngenttlemarilike language.
-Brevet. fZajor 'Iafrines.
Washington, 27th August, 1817.

The prisoner was then asked by the Judge
Advocate whether lie was guilty of the matter
of accusation, to which he replied that he was
not guilty.
The prisoner objected to the 1st and 3d spe-
cifications of the second charge as being, too
loose and general, but did not object to any a-
i silness by tile Judge Advocate or thle prosecutor,
wlho declined making any amendment.
The Court on deliberation determined that
no evidence should be give tlnder the first and
third specifications of the second charge,because
they were too general.
A motion was made, by the Court to exclude
all the evidence under the second specification
of the second charge, which was overruled, but
they determined to receive no evidence of any'
occurrencc that did not take place within two,
years before the order for convening this Court.
The. prisoner regretted the decision of the
Court on this point, as lie did not object to any
evidence as to, occurrences that took place be-
Yond tvo years from the date of the order for
convening this court.A

within two years.
To the second specification of the first charge
lie says, that Col. Wharton has never taken
command in the field of any part of the Marine
Co 9- ips..,
To the thbrd specification, I can only an-
t'.ver as to [lead Quarters, and to my knowledge

Question by the Prosecutor-Are you not in
the staff of the corps, and have you not tiert-
'ore h:.d an opportunity o'judging correctly and
hsitinctly on the points ?
Answer- I am ii thle staff of the corps, and
la.e been for eiglt years.
Qu'cstion by the Prisoner-What has been
uenerally ile average number of men for pa rade
it HIead Quarters including the guards of tie
Navy Ytad..ad Magazin e, after leavIng at each
at'thlose places centinels sufficient to protect tile
public property ?
Answer--Since the period of the 15tll of
day, 1809, there hlas ever been more than one
lnilrclme e lficie t for duty, unless iu partid i
.ular instance-s, whien a small number may have
-ri'ived at 1 lead Quarters, which were immediate- I
y detached again" The average may possibly
rave.been fioom seventy-five to eighty me-n.
Question by the Prisuner -Wlhen the guards t
n cases of emergency we-re 'withdrawn, were
ot thle men on post frequently four hours and
ometimcs six ? I ,

Answer-From two to six. s
Question by the Prisoaer-Have you uot seen -

me frequently present at parades, reviews, an4
inspections, at Head Quarters and elsewhere ?
Answer-i'he Colonel has often bccn on the
parade ground, inot in I'll u nif.-rm, and has fre-
quently cominnented on the errors and applaud-
ed tile good conduct of the troops ; he has gen-
erally been on the parade ground when the
troops v.ere ex:.rc;.ed.
Quest;cl" the- t P1so-er-v4ce the marines
stationed ,t Head Quarters been ordered out
te perf'trm any field lutysince the year 1814 ?
Answ'er'--As it respects the exercise of tlhe
battalion, very frequently ; as it respects detach-
ed duty aIcver.
Question. bv the Prisoner--liave there not
always becil Captains stationed at Head. Quar-
ters to ta;e command of the troops, .and has
there ever been a battalion of marines at head
quarters while you have been in thl: staff ?
Answer-Since 1809, the rank of immediate
commanding officer in garrison has : been
that of-first Li cut. Captain antd Brevet Major,
and the last four years generally the rank.. of
Question by the Court-Is there any regula-
ion or order in existence requiring the com-
mnanding office- of the marine corps to attend
parades, to command the corps in the field, or
;nspcct or review it ?
Answer ,As it applies to the Lieut. Ctionel
Commandant, none.
.Major fichari' amith of the Marine Corps be-
ing sworn, says, as to Head Quarters, I was not
stationed there : Col. Wharton ha's visited my
station at New-York twice; when there, lie
enquired into thle discipline aithe corps gene-
rally,' and gave his'instr'utionT accordingly. Int
consequence of my not having a sufficient numi.
ber of men. there- was no re iew or inspection.
I had not sufficient men to turn out a guard to
receive, e Colt Wharton.
Question by the Pri;soner-Was I, to your
knowledge, ever at New-York, without visiting
your quarters w.hil you were stationed there,
ahd did I not sometimes stay with you a day or
two ?
Answer-Whenever Col. Wharton was at
NewYork, le visited me, ard when he visited
ime. he used to.giyVe me iistructions,and renaaiB-
ed witl [lie sometimes a day or two.
Cap':am R. D. t'Vainwrlght of the Marine
Corps. a witness for the prosecution, being
a sorn,.says--As to the fourth specification of
the fi, r 1 hli f. -er' the tidjournment of tile
.Court of which Majori Henderson was n -President,
I received at tlihe .Aiarne depot, (Clharlestown,
Massachusetts) from Major Henderson at Ports-
mouthl, an order frdt thile Commandant of the
Corps,(Coloncl Wharton) to carry thle sentences
ot the Court into effect, but did not receive the
sentences. appliedd to tlie Judge Advocate-
hlie could give me no official documents, as they
had been sent to head quarters. I -theaN wrote
to Colonel WVhrton on the 18th December,
1816, stating my. inability to carry the sentences
into effect, and. my -application to the Judge
Advocate for the sentences, and his reply. U -
the 29th Decemnber I received from the A dju-
tant's Office the'sentences, with the original or-
der hereunto annexed, which order directs the
sentences to be carried into effect on the .20th
December .t -ot deeming myself authorised to
act oni that order, as the tinre had passed, 1 com-
municated thit to the Colonel on the 30th De-
cember, 1816 ; and sent a duplicate on the 10th
January, 18177; and under cover of January
29th I received from ColynelVharton ant exact
copy of the sentences Ii'had recjved before.-
On thle 8th February I stated to. ,m that the
same difficulty existed that there \as onthe
24th Decemiber, 1816,' and requesteda specific
order. On the 13th March I forwarded a di:.
plicate of the letter written on thie 8th Febrni-
ry,.and on the 18th March I mentioned to Col.
Whatrton that., I tMr.-: of Peter Hull's service
had'expired. Ontthe 4th Aipril I again comlmu-
nicated that they ere .still in.con inemennt, and
-expTefftdi ear' to ffC' Wharton that my letters
had not-reached him. On the l'5th June, 1817,-
I stated to Colonel Wharton that the term of
service of Hull had expired, and. that Hull and
Cordwell remained:in confinement with6iot ha-
ving theirsentences carried into effect. Under
date of the 4th I)ecember, 1S16, I received
fiom the Adjlutnt nd Inspector's office, with
a iettert dated June 20th, 1817, an order- dated
Dycenber 4, 1816, hereunto annexed.
Question by Prosecutor-Has it not been the
practice in our. Corps that sentences of the
Courts Marteil should accompany the order, for
'their execution'.?
Snswer-tt has.
Question by the Prisoner-Did you or did
you niot receive a lettitro Bm Brevet Major Mil-
ler, d,.tci tl 2* ii Dec. 1816 ?
Ainswer-As far as I recollect I did not: but
amin satis-ied no communication relating to tihe
subject before the Court. .
Question by tile Prisoner-What was the
date o' the f. st letter- ordering you to carry the
sentence of Cordwell and Hull into effect ?
Answer-Deceimber '24th, 1816, was the first
letter 1 received with the sentencess and orders.
Question by tile Prisoner-Do you not know
the proceeduinls, with an order for their execu-
tion, were transmitted toa Mjor Henderson, as
President of the Court ?
Answer-i received the original order from
Major Hendtrsoi,but with no sentences o-r pro-
ceedings annexed. I know not what Major
Henderson received.
Question b tile Prisoner-Wihat was thie date
of the'order, and when did you receive it?
Answer-lThe date of the order was Decem-
ber 4th ; received between the 12th and 18th.
Question by the Prisoner-Who took ilhe
packages from the post office in Boston, con-
taining tile orders for executing tIhe sentences,
and how wee thiley disposed tof?
Answer-There re re several letters and
packages sent to Major Henderson at Ports-
mouth, by me at Boston. I do not know the

fice before yu transmitted them to Major Hlen-
derson at Portsmouth P
Answer-'There Ias no delay in returning
them to thle office, with the proper change in
the direction. h
Question by the Prisoner-Did you eler lhear
Major Henderson assign any reason for leaving
Boston before lile dissolution of the Court Mar-
1al, other than Iis own will ?
Answer- I do not recollect any reason hav-
ing been assigned. "
Question by the Prisoner-Did you ever re-
eivthe letter allde d r edto in Major Henderson's
o'umunlnlcat.on to 'Ve of the 12th Deceimber,
iS16, which-he .presumed gave directions about
Lhe prisoner, tnder sentence ?
Answer-Yes ; it was a, or Dier for military
mourning for Majorl Carmack of the M.rincs.
Quiestion by thle. Prisoter-Not having recci-
red thle letter relating .o the prisoners, did you
write to Major HenIderso thereupon, or' in-
iulre of Ii.,. What was tile sentence v-f the Court
Martial ?
Answer-I did, under date of Dec. 12, 1816,
and received no reply.
Question bytShe I''osecrtor-Was not Ports- -
noutlh my station at thie tiuc, and bow far I,;s-
it from Boston ?
Answer-It as : The dittance 1 d1o nol ex.
activ recollect.

As to the fifth specification of the first charge.
Peter Moore was reported to Colonel Wharton
on the 18th March, as having surrendered him-
self as a deserter on: tilhe 31 of March. No or.
'B. -tC. "

The proceedings of the Court Martial lately
ordered for the trial- of Lieutenant Colonel
Wh'artdn, having been submitted to the Presi-
dent, he is of opinion that, by the organization
of the Corps of Marines, :any officer ofthat corps
may betried by officers belonging to the milita-
ry establishment ofthe United States, and.there-
fore disapproves the decision of the Court: ne-
vertheless, inasmuch as officers of that corps
may by law be members of the Court, and it is
pr-eslmed that some: may be found to 'whom no
inst'biinuntible 6b jettion is' applicable ; and as
le is "Villing not.to press a qu estion oin tie exist-
ing court against thie opinion it has given, espe-
cially as it may be avoided wilIlutt the estab-
lishmentof ai precedent in favor of such opin-
ion, le directs that some officers of the Mlari-e
Corps, -as well as others of the army, be added
to tine Court for the trial of the said officer.
19th September, 1817.JAMES MNROE.

Further proceedings of the General
Cp irt Martial of wLich Col. Wni. King
is President.
.- dj. & Itns. General's O7Ice,
S nRE. jpt. 19th, 1817.
Col. T. S. Jessup, ofthe 3d Infantry, Major
Richard Smi.h, of the Marine Corps, mlajori J.
M. Davis, of the General StafL, andd Captain
Robtrt 1). VIainwright, of the IMarine Corps,
are lietailed, as ninetniers of thie General Court
Maritial'of which" Colonel King is cPresident, di.
'e.cttd to convene in this city by General Or-
ler'f tile 2 st.August last. Major \. McD o-
idt I relieved as a s tupernumerary of the Court,
Ind will report at this ollice.
'llile Court will convene, orgatize,'a tlIpro-
teed'to business accordi .ly, at Davis's lutel,
0o-morrow morning at 10 o clock.
By order,
D. PARKER, Adj. 1. Ins. Gen.

September 20th, 1817.
The Court met.pursuant to the above order.
Col' Wn. King, 4th Infty. President.
SI/lem-bers. I
1(ol. G. E. itchell, corps of Arty.
Lt. Col. W K. Artmistead, EngIrs.
Lt. Col. G. Armis cad, corps of Arty.
Lt. Col, It. Jones, corps of Arty.
Major J. M. Davis, Staff.

der was received from Col. Wharton, and hes
as released by order of the President of the
United States between the 4th and 12th July,
Question by the Prosecutor-iHas any part of"
the letter in ivhich you made your report of the
18th been noticed by Colonel Wharton ?
Answer-In part, but not relating to Peter
Question by the Prisoner--Did you ever com-
municate the fact of Peter Moore's confinement
to rme, subsequent to March 18, 1817 ?
Answer-Yes, on tile 15th June, 1817, he was
again reported.
On recon idering the motion in relation to the
second specification of the second charge, it was
determined that inasmuch as the specification
continued no military offience, the court would
receive no evidence in support of it.
Thle Court adjourned to meet the next day,
at 9 o'clock A. M.

Sefiteniber 21lt, 1817.
The Court met pursuant to adjournment.
Col. William King, 4th infantry, President.
Col. Mitchell, Artillery,
Lt. Col. Armistead, -Engineers,
It. Col. Armistead, Artillery,
Lt. Col. Jones, Artillery,
Maj..I. M. Davis, Staff,
Col. Jessip, 3d Infantry,
It. Col. Ball, 1st Infantry,
Lt. Col. Lawrence, 8th Infantry,,
Major It. Smith, Marines,
Captain Wainwright, Marines.
Samuel Wilcocks, Special Judge Advocate.
The evidence on the part of the prosecution
being closed, Brevet Major JlllUer, who had
been previously sworn, was called on thie part
of the prisoner.
Question by the Prisoner-What has been
my practice in acting upon the proceedings of
Courts Martial, in ordering the execution of sen-
tences, or directing the release of persons be-
longing to the corps who may have been tri ed
and acquitted ? Have I generally done it
promptly and without delay ?
Auswer-Always promptly, when the nature
of tile sentences gave you authority to do so
Question by Prisoner-Have you ever kI,..-' -.
any one to have been treated with cruelty or
oppression through my neglect, or to have suf.
fered unjustly when it was in my power to re-
dress their grievances ?I
Answer-Never; on the contrary your cha-
racter as Commandant of the Corps has been
marked for promptness and humanity.
Question by the Prisoner-Anm I attentive, or
neglectful, as far as you are enabled to judge,
of thle general duties of my command ?
Answer-Yes, you are attentive, in every in-
stance that has come within my knowledge.
Question by the Court--Whence does Col.
Wharton derive authority to order General
Courts Martial, and to decide on their senten-
ces ? '
Answer--By a rule and article of war, as
construed and issued in public orders by the
Honorable the Secretary of the Navy, Robert
Smith. .I
Question by the Court-Has the public ser-
vice sustained injury from the failure of Colonel'
Wharton to command parades in person, and to
review and inspect the troops ?
Answer--In no instance.
The evidence on the part of the prisoner be-
ing closed, the prisoner requested the indul-
'gence ofthie Cotrt until the next day at one
o'clock, to prepare his defence.- The Court in-
timating that it would be, more. convenient to
them if the prisoner, could lie prepared with
his defence by 12 o'clock, the prisoner stated
that he would endeavor to be ready by that
hour, when the Court adjourned to meet the
next day at 12 o'clock.

September 22d, 1817. -
The-Court met pursuant-to adjournment.
Col.Win. King, 4th Infty. President.
Col. Mitchell, Arty.
Lt. Col. Armistead, Engrs.
Lt.Col. Armistead, Arty.
Lt. Col. Jones, Arty.
Major J. M. Davis, Staff.
Col. Jessup, 3d Infty.
Lt. Col. Ball, 1st Infty.
It. Col. Latwrence, 8th Iifty.
Major Smith, Marines.
Captain Wainwright, Marines.
Samuel Wilocks, Spec al Judge Advocate.
The prisoner being asked if lie was ready to
proceed, made the defence hereunto annexed.
The Court being cleared, after mature delib-
eration, find the prisoner not guilty of the first
charge, and the five specifications under that
The Court, therefore, honorably acquit the
prisoner, Lieutenant, Colonel Frankliu Whar-

WM. KING, Col. 4th Infty.
SA X=U. WJcocMs, Special Judge Advocate.,
The court adjourned sine die.
Special Judge Aldvocatc.
Washington, Sept. 22d, 1817.

adjutoantsr & Inspector's Ofice,
Wlashiunton, June 20th, 1817.
Sin-Enclosed are discha fges for privates
Samuel Gielson, John P. Kipp, Thomas Wa-
mack, Richard Vanica, and Peter Hull. I again
enclose the discharges for Sergeant William
Bishop and John Leslie. The orders for time
approval and the execution of the several sen-
tences of those prisoners, tried in November,
1816, were regularly transmitted from this De-
I again enclose the order of the commandant
in the case of Jolin Cordwetl.
Very respecttilly, &c.

Captain R. D. l'aiwrig-lt,
Commanding Marines, Boston.

.Idjutant and Inspector's Ofee,
i-ashirngton, Dec. 4th, 1816.
SIn-At a General Court Martial, of wichh
Mmmjor Hlenderson was President, which sat at
the Navy Yard, neart Boston, under date of thi
-15th November, 1816, John Cordwell, a private
marine, was tried for desertion, found guilty,
and sentenced by thle Court to solitary confine-.
menet and hard lobor, and to pay all expenses.
nut the court, in consideration of the-short pe-
riod he was in service, reconimend the remis-
sion of his sentence to hliard labor. The sen-
'teice is approved, and that part of the sentence
,recommended by the court is remitted.
By order of the Lt. Col. Commandant,
Adjutant and Ispector.
"(1iptsain WVainwright,
of Marines, Boston.

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Court:

In the course of the investigation which has
beeunmade of the charges preferred againstme,

so few have been the points presented for your nouncing a sentence, I shall only allege, in my
consideration, and so clear and explicit thetes- justification, that the convenience of the service
tiniony that has been adduced, that I am under w' uld not have permitted it. There wtc'e not
the necessity of offering you an apology filr officers enough under my commajid, in the vi-
t'espassig on your time with a few observa-'cinity of Boston, to compose a Court Martial,
tun-,. in mny defence. An intelligent and inm- and great expense would have been incurred by
partial ti'iuinal is the best.counsel of the accus. detaching officers from a distance for that pur-
ed, ,ut some indulgence will, I hope, lie ex- pose. If a Court Martial were assembled, on
tended to the expressions of those feelings the first report of the commission of every of-
which will arise in the breast of every officer fence, the time of the officers that would be
standing in my situation, employed, the expense that would be incurred,
%When I was informed by the Navy Depart- and the neglect of duty at the several posts,
meant of my arrest, it afforded the 'some that would.attend it, would render such a pro-
consolation to find :hat, in the discharge of the cedure exti'erely detrimental to the public
duties of my station, a station of considerable service. But, there is a general answer to this
responsibility, I was not charged with apy as well as tihe former specification, tlat. the
breach of trust, with the crime of converting prisoners were unknown to me; that I -could
imy office to the pursuit of private emolument, have no improper: motive for the dehly of the
or of acting unjustly or partially towards tie of- trial, or the continuance of the contieinement,
ficei's undet my comnuand. On these points rny and that mere non-feasance cannot constitute a
character is well known to be unimpeachable. crime, unlessit is .;rossly culpable, and without
But after the many honorable testimonials of fi- excuse. '
,delity and- good conduct, which I have invaria- On the last charge, of conduct unbecoming
bly received from the Navy Department, while an officer and a gentleman, it has become unne-
I have served in this corps, I must confess I cessary for me to make' any observations. I
was not a little surprised at being arrested in a appeal to those x whto knoy me, and who have
charge of neglect of duty, when t. could nmot be investiga ed "my military conduct, whether I
inferred from the three first specifications that have ever shrunk from enq\iry, whether I have
the service had suffered froni the imputed ne- ever been guilty of a nimen dishonuiorable act;
glect, and when it could not be presumed that whether the feelings of' thtktfiiccrs who have
iii the instances recited in the two last specili- served with mTe in tile Mari Corps have ever
cations, I was actuated by any inteiitional neg- been .wounded by. my example.
ligence,or positive malice towards these desert- GeItlcnemiu, I shall tioublh '..u no longer. To
ers. Nor did Iexpect that I should ever have the judgment of a court, so honorable as the
been arrested for conduct unbecoming an offi- present, 1 readily commit niy character, and
cer antl a gentleman, when the first specifica- conduct.
tion, informal as it is, related to transactions FRANKLIN WHiARTON,
that occurred under the immediate eye of tile .Lt. Col Comtdt. oj'A.arines.
Department; and to a course of conduct that .MNavy Department,
was never deemnted worthy of notice, hen also True copy,
the second and third specifications of the same BENJAMIN HOMVNS.
charge, as exhibited to the Navy Depamlmen't,' /
in the first edition of these charges, were not ,
only illegal, out evidently manufthctured by my Thq Legislature of CONNECTICUT
accuser or trthe purpose ofaccusation. convenedon the 9th, inst. WILLIAM Bulis-
Frivolous, however, as these charges were, I I .
met them without Teluctance or complaint., I TOL, Repjublii:an, was chosen Speaker of
wouldbe a sufficient answer to them to lay be- the House of Representatives, 126' votes
fore youth,e letters ofamy accuser, dated on the him and 52 for his ede-
27th September,l3th and S3th December, l6, being giv for hm, and 52 for his 'ede-
and, in now presenting them to your considera- iral opponent. 1 his revolution is one of
tion, I will leave it to you to decide what credit Iieecte that has o.
is due to at accusationU made by an individual, the most ue ced that has urd -
who at those periods. did not hositate'to within our Tr.chl1limion. We have Gov-
tender me *assurances' of his respect and cs- eirnor Wolcot'5'S Spech, which impress
teem ; and who, as late as Februtry last, was a .
willing guest at my table. We must search ively teco.nn' mc-a the cultivation of a
therefore for the motive of these charges, to spirit of conciliation and good will to-
something beyond sense of justice, or a zeal wards ea othe, nd aong all the peo-
for.the service. wards each other, and among all the peo-
But these charges are as unsupported by evi. pie of hie State.
dence, as they are destitute of tile merit of un-
exceptionable origin. With respect to the ,
three first specifications of the first charge, itis COLONIZATION OF THE FREE BLACKS.
remarkablle that at this late period I should be .
accused of not appearing in uniform on pa- It has sometimes been said that the
rades, reviews, anslid inspections. Was there any people of color ha\ e a fixed aversion to
reason of policy or practice, why 1 should ou the proposed' plan of colonization. The
such occasions-take the cormnand ? Did the following extract from a Biographical
service suffer by the course I pursued ? Did Sketch of the Life.of the benevolent PAUL
any military regulation ori usage require a Lieu.
tenant Colonel to appear in uniform at the CUFFEE goes completely to refute that
head of a Captain's command. The answer notion. Well understood, they will eager-
given by the witnesses to these questions, is in l ly embrace the philanthropic alternative
the negative, and it has also been proved that I prcDoosed to be offered to them :
generally attended parades, reviews and in-
spections ; gave all necessary instructions, and In 1816, the applications to Capt. C. for
saw that the duty was properly performed. conveyance to Africa were so numerous, that,
As to the fourth specification, it is evident if he had contemplated another voyage nimnme
from the written as well as verbal testimony, diately, it would have been necessary to have
that the delay in the ,-xecutio:-. of the sentences made a selection auong the applicants. Thi
of the Court Martial, assembled at Boston, on is a sufficient proof, that the people of color,
Cordwell'and Hull, ,tose from misunderstand- Wvhen properly informed on the subject, ap
ing or mistake, and that no blame is justly prove the plan ofcolonization, and many idiv
chargeable to me ou that' account. It will be irlduals have expressed-t readiness to embark in
remembered, that these sentences were signed the c.ae, whenever' c6 way is prepared."
on the 26th November, 1816, -and'transmitted. ---
about that period to this place.' Ot the 4th ,
December, my orders directed these s,-ttcotces 'We have before noticed a difference
to be executed on the I OthIof'the same month,
allowing five days for the. passage of my letter. of opinion existing between the people o:
The letter of the adjutant of the corps b ars New-York and Maj. Gen. Soo-rT, who
the same date-a le-tter which does not appear commands that Military district in res.
to have reached captain Wainw:ight. If, there- pcct to the purposes for whicn the Cor.-
fore, brevet major-.Henderson had remained at portion of the city had.ceded to the U
Boston, where his duty -required him to con-tion of the oit n space co m
tinu& until the Court was dissolved, no difficulty States a portion of the open space com.
could have arisen in this eise. lie might have only called the Battery. It appears
Informed captain Wainwright of the sentences, that much heat has prevailed on this sub
and delivered my orders on the 9th December ject, and our readers will see how ardent
The original cause, therefore, of this imputed y the flame had raged, by a perusal of
oppression is attributable to himself; and let the fol h prage, by a piN
tme ask, why did he permit the request of cap- the following paragraph fiom the New
tain Wainwright for information as to the semn- York Gazette :
tences, to pass without reply ? My duty simply "At mid-day yesterdaythe heat subsided,and
confined me to act at an early period on the sen- the respectable and incensed throng upon the
tences, to dissolve the Court when, their pro- battery dispersed, the contest having taken :
ceedings were approved of, and to direct the favorable and pacific turn. The workmen em
sentences to be carried into execution. This played were suddenly stopped just in time to
duty was strictly performed, and ithe omission prevent a painful struggle between the civi
to transmit a copy of the sentences with the and military authorities. The General prti
order of the 4th December, was certainly not dently gave way, and the honest and indignant
my fault. But why did not the Judge Advocate feeling of the citizens prevailed. Thus, happily
at Boston furnish captain Wainwrght with a in Peace we are friends, and we have a wel
copy of the sentences ? It was his duty to have grounded hope that hereafter; no event will oc
kept minutes of allthe proceedings; and acer- cur to produce WAR between the Soldieranst
tified statement ofthmesentences fiom him would the Citizen. The Executive is now to decide
have been ample justification to captain 'Wain- and we fondly repose upon the anticipation
wright to have carried them into execution in
pursuance of my orders. It is iut easy to ac- Is it possible that the people of the
count for Mr. Aylwin's answer to captain Wain- patriotic city of New'York could havi
wright's application, that he would send him been roused to thIe tumnultous assemlklagt
the sentences, th-,ugh he would not vouchi for above described on such an occasion
their correctness.
On the 18th December, captain Wainwnright, We know nothing ofcourse of the merits
by his letter of that date, informed me that lihe of this controversy ; but it is certain tha
could not procure a copy of these sentences; Gen. SCOTT, and through him the au
bat he was then furnished by major Henderson thority of the union, have to been very
with my orders of the 4th December; and, by polite treated, in the, newspapers a
reference to his letterof the 18th, it will be least. we are very sorry for this a
found, that he was not aware that any difficulty east. We are very sorry for this h
could arise (when a copy of the sentence should fair, which,though of minor consequence
hbefurnished) in the execution of the order of shews us what is to be deprecated in con
the 4th December, in, consequence of the time troversies of greater magnitude.
therein mentioned for their execution having
elapsed. How then could I beh aware that such -- '"
a dcfhiculty might arise ? I, therefore, complied
with his request, by sending him acopy of the BRUSSELS, JULY 31.
seritctc.son tIle 24th December, and I again Yesterday Mr. Gallatin, ambassador t
repeated my ordcr-s to have them carried into '
execution. It Was not untillmrceived captain the court of Frane e, and Mr. Eustis
Wainwright's let-ir of the 30th December, minister to the Low Countries, presented
that I was apprised of his hesitation to execute,
the sentences in consequences the 10th Decem- their credentials as Envoys Extraordinarj
her having elapsed. The question therefore & Ministers Plenipotentiary from thi
for your consideration, gentlemen, reduces it- United States of America, charged to ar
self to this point, whether on hearing this ob-
jection I was bound rorevoke, my former order range,definitively, the commercial rela.
by sending a second order; or whether Capt. tions between the two nations and con
Wainwright might not justifiably have prqceed-
ed to execute the sentences on receiving my clude a treaty to that effect.
letter of the 24th December. It is evident Their excellencies afterwards had the
from the sentences that it was perfectly im- honor of dining with his Majesty at th
material when the period of the Prisoner'sso- r i
litary confinement commenced; and I presume palace of Lacken.
it strictly military that an order shall, as far as ----
posssible, be complied with when received, al- ST. PETEBSBUtGt AUG. 6.
though from accidental cases, the lapse of time
or some unforeseen circumstance, it cannot in General Baron Tuyll is apppointec
every point be strictly executed. When an of- Russian Minister to the American States
ceris directed to march forward against the and will soon depart for America. Prince
enemy, it is certainly no reason why the order
should be neglected, because a forest or a ra- Dashkow is already recalled.
vine obstructs thie march of tbe troops in a ma- --
thematical straight line. An Ordinance of the King of Franc,

As to the last specification, which relates to was published at Paris Aug. 1, detailinI
the case of Peter Moore, it will be remembered derale inra f th arm th
that he surrendered himself as an acknowledged a considerable increase of the army, th
deserter. For not having called a Court Martial appointments in which were all made th,
immediately upon him, forth purpose of pro- same day.






.We'are' sorry to state that the Yellow.'
Fever still prevails in Charleston, S. C.
'The whole number of deaths in that city
from the 21st to the 28th of September
was 71'-andforty.three were cases of the
Yellow Fever.
The deaths in the city and suburbs of
N, Orleans, from Aug. a5th to Sept. Sd
inclusive, amount to One Hfundred-84
of whom were white, and 16 were people
of colour..

Drn D._ED.
-At Harper's yerrY, on the 5tl inst. after a
painful illness, Col. LLOTYi BMALL, Military itore-
Keeper and Paymaster at that station, and for-
merly an officer of the army.
At Augusta, Geo. on the 29th Sept. Brevet
Capt. K. McKENrzrI, of the corps of artillery of
the U. S. army.
At New Or-leans, on the 1st of Sept Dr.Jas.
STEPHENSON-, rospit;tl Surgeon's Mate in the ar-
my of the United States.
At Pass Christian, Sept. 5th, Dr E. L. AL.IEx,
Hospital Surgeon's Mate.in the army of the U.

Coaveyances of -Soldier's Lands
W ILL ibe prepared by ar. expericlieeed cot.
veyancer, at the office of the subscriber,
JIro 4 to 7 o'clock p. m where all documents
relative to lost discharges and land warrants
anFotiher claims, on :he United States, Will al.
so be promptly attended to.
As all decds of -coniveytanice of soldier's lands
must be recordel3 within one year at tiheprop'r
uticc in ihe l1iinoi., territory, the subscriber
will tnderiakK ito have this indispensible for
n"atty ttetnaed to in due time. Letters inclo-
sing. conveyances rnust be post paid.
The Fiubserilter expects, as soon as the pa.
tents ha.'e been isluaf, to be u1horised to~ell
about 400 s, ller'scisims.
I.ilitary and General Agency,
g,,' ,ton city, 0oit 14 .

Latest New' Books.
hEATO UN'S Rc;,orts of Cases argued
it the Supreme Court ofthe U,,State's,
.Feb. 1817, vol. 2
I Captain Biley's Narrative, with 10 plates,2d
Barton's Medical' rotany, very Esperb edi-
tiun, with plates colored by hif ,own hands
Power ol Faith, by Mrs. Graham of N. York,
2d edition
Aits of Palestine,by J. Pierpont, Esq.
Lee's Memnirs'of the Southern War, 2 vols.
Lacem.nk ers 'of Messenden, a tale
American Star, a patriotic songster, 2d edi-
Torres' South American Commerce
Just received bv
Pennsylvania avenue.
A.0 FOit SALE,
Lady Morgan's (formerly Miss Owenson)
Francs, Faber's Sermons. Pastor's Fireside,
Edgeworih's Tales of'Harrington and Ormond,
P.j;tica' Economy, Adolplte, a new and poduta.
novel, Phiilips's Speeches, Darby's Louisiana,
Galt's Life of West, Hobhotuse's Albania, Du-
sne's Miiltary Library and Dictionary, Niles's.
Register, Molina's History of Chili, Langsdorf'Ps
Voyages and Trave-', undertaken by sanction
of 'he emperor of Russia, Frey's Narrative aid
Tobit's Answer, Hertdotur and Tacitus, Cale-
pini's Dictionary of 8 languages, a scarce and
,,SnLIL6O i.e ..-k, haespsre's Works, in 1 rvot
--.r3 il:ur,s'i \'Vorks in 1 vol. superior ediL.,ns,
Glenarvon and Kee-, Cool, new novels, Barton's
Gull-n, 8&c.
Children's Books, Slates, Pencils, Cards, Mu
sic for various instruments, Plays and Farcesi
Pocket Books, &c. and Mellish's Geographical
Subscriptions received for Memoirs ofZerah
Colburn, now publishing in London, and the
Port F'lio ; the October number ready for de-
Orders received for works in every branch
of literature, and promptly executed without
any additional charge on the selling price.
oct 14-3t

20 Dollars Reward.
R AN away from the subscriber, living in
l Montgomery County, Md. on Sunday,the
5dh day of Oatober, a negro nman named Phill,
a bright mulatto, very white skin, yellow hair,
very mtcli freckled in the face, a little short
sighted, squint eyed, 5 feet 11 inches high, a-
bout 26 years of age, very bad teeth. He had
different kind of clothing, and some money.-
He will attempt to pass as a free man. I wili
give the above reward if brought home to me
living about 5 miles from the City of Wash-
ington, or 10 dollars if lodged in any gaul so
that I get him again.
I forewarn masters of vessels and other'per-
somsfrom harboring or employing said fellow.
oct 14-3t

100 Dollars Lost. '
A NOTE of the Bank of the United States of
100 dollars, dated 23 February, 1817, No.
173, letter mark C, payable in Baltimore, was
enclosed in a letter from said place on the 8th
inst.but has not been received, in consequence,
it is believed, of a fraud. The fair holder of
said note, who may have received the sama in
the course of business, is requested to give
the subscribers any information respecting it
which may aid in the detection of the culprit.
The fraudulent possessor is admonished to re-
store his plunder through the medium of the
post office, or any other that he may prefer, as,
from the measures which have been adopted,
it is not likely that he will escape detection &
punishment if he withholds the money from
the owner.
oct 14,-St

District of Columbia,
Washington County, to wit. ,
O N the petition of CHARLES DEKRAFFT,
confined in the prison bounds of Washing.
ton county for debt-Notice is hereby given to
the creditors of the said Charles Dekrsfft, that
on the last Monday of October 'inst. at 11 o'clock
A. M. the oath prescribed by the Act of .Con-
gress of the United States, entitled "an Act for
the relief of Insolvent Debtors within the Dis-
trict of Columbia," will be administered to the
said Insolveno, and a Trustee appointed, unless
sufficient cause to the contrary be then and
there shewn.
Provided a copy of this notice be inserted
in the National Intelligencer 5 times previous
to said day.
By order of the Hon. James S. Morsell, one
of the Judges of the Circuit Court of the Dis-
trict of Columbia.

oct 11-3F

Wn. Morgan
ADIES'Bhoe M. kr, ,t rms the ptit
that he has commenced the above business'
in. the south side of the Vennsylvania avenue,
n-a'r the Theatre, where he will be happy to
receive all orders in his line, and assures those'
that favor him within their commands nothing
ill be wanting on his part to give general sait
Sftaction From his experience and the op-
or'Iintty ,ffl ,red by-hav;nv a regnlstrcorrea-
ponden.',, with the principal' men ol bia prdofes-
s.on, that the earliest hishions will be ~nbrace.
d. and the best materlais, and workmanship,
H) can be procured.
He ha,.o ioaaA c gn.-Mral assorltme.. eLEaI-
hr-M4is'ses'and Children's Shoes, W tich lie
wil se'l aw low as car: be purchased in the c tv.
XN. B.-Four good steady workmen will
tect with constant employ and the highest wa;
ges. '
oct. 14--ea .

On the S6th Next Mouth
WLV LL positivc:y commence the di-awiug of
.Great Surgical Lottery.
There are ir this splendid L.,Uery only 8000f
Tickets. The ;lliole to be complkted i iaTe
day's drawing
100,00( )DOLLAIS! !
50,000 DOLLARa !
20,00-j DOLLAuS !
Less thai two Wlanks to a prite, and thf
Lowest prizes are 50 dollars.
Ali payable m iC-sh at theoffice ofthe
th*.1.irn,"o e
Whole Ticket fifty-five -D?'.lars each,
Halves '21 50 Eighths S6 87
Quarters- 13 75 Tenths 5 5SC
Fifths 11 Sixteenthlg 3 44
For sale a
Old Established anid.Truly Fortunate Lotterfy pf
E.chuange Ofice, corner of St Paul's lane
andl airket street, Baltimore.
Orders from any part of the union promptly
attended to.

May likewise be haiofithe S ...
his Music & Book Store, Peinsi. i,
S. 1W, C OO
oct 14-eo 4t

ier, t,
. ', e.,

R. Darrah, Dentist,
pSSPECTF.ULLYgi'ves ,'c- to .be La-
tIl. cues andi Gentle"i-n o/ i (O'g.-'.w A.d
its vicinity, that he bhasm i ,ke! a room xt d,;';r
to Get Peabody's, on B-"'.d" sseet, where, he
will be! happy to eLait ,n tiem in the line of
his profeii,)n. lie :akes and inserts the best.
of artificial Tee'h, 'rom one to a dfal set He
cleans, mends, plugosand extracts teeth, roots,
and s umps, in thebest manner.
oct 14-eott'

Public Sale.
W ILL be sold frr cash on ti. 16th day of
October, 1817, in the town of Dfurnfrties,
at the late residence? of E. Joseph Huber, de-
All the acock of Leather, about F6000 worth
-consisting ef soul, upper, bridle and hrness
leather ; also, kip, calf, hog, ind .tarmb skins, all
ofwhich is in the rough, in good condition and
-nearly tanned.' It "will be worth ihe a.terntion
of carriers and tanners from a distance.
N. B.-At the sarrfe time and place the tan
yard. will be rented for a term of years. The

terms will be made known at the sale, if not
preyiotsiy rented
Adm' of E. Joseph Huber. dec'd.
Du!mfries, sep 9 --eots

., Public Sale.
viY.virtue of a decree of Prince Georges'
county court, sitting as a court cf c-ance-
ry, the subscriber will expose to public ss e,
on Friday, the 10th of October next, at three
o'clock p. in. in the town of Upper Marlboro',
That large and commodious brick building,
with two large lots of ground adjoining, iae
the property of John Smith Brookes, decersed.
This property is situate in the centre of the
town, and is undoubtedly the best stand, and
the house better calculated for a tavern than
any property in 'he place. A large stable, ca-
pable of holding 40 horses, with every other
out house necessary for such an establishment.
Persons wishing to purchase will find their in-
terest advanced by attending the above sale.-
This property will be sold on a credit of 12
months, purchasers giving bond with approved
securities, interest from the dLy of sale.
Upper Marlboro', sep 10-18-cots
Cy7-The above sale is postponed to the
15th inst.
oct 7-

An Experienced .jYurse.
AN elderly white woman would be prefer-
red. Enquire at the bar of Mr. Davis's ta-
oct 8-3t

A Horse and Gig for Sale.
A VERY decent GIG and an excellent MARF
are to be disposed of by a gentleman who
has no further occasion for them. They may
be seen at present at J. W. Johnson's stable,
where the price may be learnt.
sep 27-
WILL be exposed to public sale, on Wed-
S nesday the 15th inst. at 11 o'clock, A.
M. at the residence of Mr. George Burns, Ca-
pitol Hill, a Hay Steelyard, with weight, chains,
&c. seized and taken to satisfy taxes due the
Corporation of Washlngton. Terms of sale
Col. 3d Ward.
oct 4-wts

A Teacher.
YOUNG person who will teach reading,
writing, English grammar, book-keeping,
and the different mathematical branche's,w'ouid
undertake a school, for which satisfactory re
'ference will be given. A line directed to B.
D. rnd left at the post office, or a call on John
McL.eod, Preceptor of the Ccntral academy,
will meet with attention.
oct 9-3t

Port Tobacco Jockey Club Races
W ILL commence on Tuesday, the 2Sth of
October inst. The purses to be raised
and paid as usual. They will be respectable,
but the precise sum cannot be ascertained, as
it depends on the t'll.
The first day's club race will be 4 miles and
repeat-the 2d day's race 2 miles andrepeat ;
weights agreeable to the city club. The 5d
day's race 1 m.le and repeat, for a saddle, bri-
dle &nd ntartingale, of 850-free for saddle
horses of hlie county only, weight 110 lba.
ct 2--w5w

WM, BRErNT, Clerk..

. .- --. .

Part the Second-Evcnts subsequent t
the eaiture of Fernandina.
The liberal and generous terms of this
capitulation, made with an alarmed and
timid enemy, evidently prepared to sur-
render at discretion, might be appealed
to in support of the pure and'honorable
views oTthe-onqt "'n ae- ia Ha la
their objects been plunder and devasta-
tio) as has been most falsely and impu
eintly asserted, why 'should they have
entered into conditions for the safety and
protection of private property ? Wh)
give permission to 'the inhabitants of ithi
Island, hostile to the Patriot cause, to re
move their persons 'and effects at an
time within the space of six months ? Ne
ver was more lerfity displayed towards i
vanquished enemy, or terms so generous
more scrupulously observed. The works
efforts'of malice and' detraction are en al
lenged to prove, by creditable testimony
their violation in a single instance.
Let us now enquire into the nature am
circumstances of some transactions whicl
took place immediately after the reduce
tion of the Island, andwhichperhaps havi
served as a color to most of the slanders
which have been' propagated against thi
Patriots. 'The' first is the condemnation
by the Court of Admiralty, of forty Afri
can slayes,' found upon the Island at thi
time of its "capture, and brought there
a short time previous to that event, from
the coast of Africa, in a vessel fitted ou
and owned, it is believed, in the United
States, but sailing under Portuguese co-
lors. These slaves were seized and con
fiscated as, Spanishb property, although nc
doubt belonging to citizens of the Unitec
States, who were prevented from prefer-
ring their claims, lest they should thereby
incur the penalties of the laws-of their
country. tWhether the decision of th<
Judge in the case was right .or wrong, 1
shall not undertake to determine. ,t is
su'icient'for my purpose to have shewn
that the proceeding was regular and judi
cial, and not the arbitrary act of the Pat-
riot 'General. Another circumstance
which perhaps requires some explanation
relates to the conduct of a small privateer
boat, whose piratical acts have reflected
discredit upon the Patriot cause, fnotwithi
stahdingilier owfiers and crew were en.
tirely unconnected with it. To prevent
the enemy, if possible, from receiving
supplies at. Augustura several small ve.'
els were, commissioned by the General,
to cruise in the neighboring waters,- ani
thtse were'in some instances command-
ed :y men who never ought to have
be.'i1 entrusted with the flag ofthe Repub
lie more especially as the General was
n it in a situation to demand, nor they, to
give, sufficient securities- for their good
conduct. An odth, however, was always
exacted from them before they re ceivetd
their commissions, binding the-m to re-
gulate themselves in all cases ctiforrmi
bly to the laws ind usages of mniaritime
nations; a ndthey were, most expressly
and particularly charged, upon'h" no pre
tente whatever, to land upon the efie'y'l
coasts, nor in any manner to molest or
disturb the peaceable inhabitants of the
Provinces. The violation of this'order
by' Captain Morrison and 'his crew, for
'the purposes of plinder, me with a fate,
which, dreadful as it was, excited no sym
pathy or compassion among those whose
flag haJ been tarnished- by the hand 61
pirates. I' ..
Having endeavored to give a correct
view of these two events supposed to be
most liable to misconception and misre
presentation, tho. 'narrator 'will dismiss
this part of his subject'- without further
do'mmient. These were the only* insthnl-
ces of confiscation,'and depredatisn, and
he leaves it to the public to decide whe-
ther the one was contrary to law. or jus-
tice, or the other fairly chargeable to
the Patriots.
The easy and bloodless conquest of
the Island of Amelia strengthened the
hopes and stimulated the enterprise of
those who had achieved it, and they eia-
gerly and anxiously expected the arrival
of those reinforcements which would en7

*The case of the French brig Jean and
Charles, of Nantz, has been overlooked. She
'was captured on ier passage from the llavana
to Nantz, and brought into Amelia Island for
adjudication, inconsequence ofi part of her car-'
go being the property of Spanish subjects, by
the privateer, schooner Republicana, captain
Manson, who had been commissioned by AMc-
Gregor a short time before. It happened that'
the Judge of Admiralty resigned his office a few
ayas after the arrival of this prize, and before'
any proceedings were had in the case. In this
dilemmathe general was exceedingly perplx-
ed how to' act, and for the irtt' and only 'time
called a council of war, consisting of thied fiuld
officers andecaptains of'his army, to which the'
following questions were proposed, viz .
--1st. Is..it the policy. of this.republic to per-
mit cruizers, sailing under its flag, to bring into:
its ports, fbr adudic'stidn, netitral ships, in con-;
^eqifiie f being laden in part' witil enemy's
property.?" '
2d.' Ha captain Munson acted in conformity
to the terinis of his commission, by bringing
into this part, for adjudication, the French
brig ireairtn--tCharles, of Nantz, because part
.eof her cargo is the'property-dftapi. ah asdb-
j e c ts ? ... .. '. .
Both questions were decided unanimously
in thenegative;~aidit was thought the general
wosld immediately, issue an order for the release
of thebrig. After much delay, however, ami-
lifas'y comiission isappointedfor her trial, com-
posed, in the first instance, of colonels Posey
and-Irwhi, and lieutenant colonel Parket. The
fist &iht last" haVing refused to act, another
board was. constituted, consistiiig of colonel
Irwin, as President, captains Yresbarren and
Baldrine, and Docters McBride and Ingersoll,

menibeirs, by whose sentence that part of the
cargo belonging to the subjects of the King of
Spain, was condemned as good and lawful

able them to strike more effectual and
J-ecisive blows.. The. enemy evinced
isis consternation and alarm at this event
by withdrawing all his intermediate posts
and confining himself for a length of
time within the walls of St. Augustine.
fvery thing seemed to promise a fortu-
nate and successful issue to an enter-
prise,' thus happily begun, and which
could not have failed had proper mea-
sures been adopted, or the most sacred
e engagements fulfilled. One great cause
ot failure may be traced to an entire
OIT-Trf confl- rrniowd-_ ecmm- ling
General. It is with extreme diffidence
.and reluctance that the humble 'and un-
known author of this narrative undertakes
to arraign the military character of an
officer whose name has resounded over
two hemispheres. But he will not shrink
from a responsibility which justice and
truth demand.
For many days after the capture of the
s Island, no measures were taken by the
t General to render it secure. Elated by
the facility with which he had' attained
his first object. he seemed to have for-
gotten that any thing more remained to
d be done. And it was not until repeated
h edly reminded and urged'by his officers
of its absolute necessity, that the army
e was notified of the military code which
I was to regulate its conduct, or- any at-
e tempt made to reduce to order and dis.
a cipline the irregular and heterogeneous
mass which composed it-who, bount~oi
e no specific term of service, were ,iith
e difficulty held together, or restrained by
n their oficers-.volunteere at will, they
t considered themselves at liberty, to re-
d tire from 'the service at any time, as
interest or caprice might dictate.-
Surrounded by difficulties, from the mo-
O ment of his arrival -upon -tle 1-alandl,.the
d General never consulted or counsel
- led with his officers-and propositions
proceeding from them were treated,
1 sometimes with contemptuous silence, at
' -others with sarcastic levity -now, their
I- resentment 'is excited by his haughty
s and insulting demeanor-now, they are
s disgusted by his vulgar and low bred fa-
The eause of this variable deportment
is left to conjecture. It was of a nature,
however, which produced the deepest
r mortification and regret among those
I who had committed themselves: t the
- guidance of a man who could be thus
. influenced. Nor were' those feeling gs
t lessened in their force, from the ,consid
eration that this individual possessed and
'exercised absolute powers both in 'the
civil and military departments, without
I limitation, accountability, or control.' In
consequence ofthis state ofthings, sever.
al officers retired from the. Service, and
others were looking out for a fit character
to fill that office, which they believed to
be in unicapable hands. To those, Col.
Posey came recommended, not only as
next in command, bui from the univer
sal esteem in which he was held; Pro-
positions were made to him to this effect,
Sc he was intreated to supply the place of
the then comm'dg General. A nobleness
Sand generosity Iof soul of which there
are few examples, would not consent to
. supplant a nian under whose authority
r he had engaged to serve. Not that he
was insensible to this man's incapacity,
or felt the. disappointment which this
conviction produced less keenly than
others-but because he believed his honor
to he in some measure pledged' to Mac
-Gregor, and' at all events did not -choose
to expose his own conduct to misconcep'
tion or censure. He was, however, strong-
ly convinced ofthe necessity of imposing
some check upon the overgrown and des
potic powers of the commander. And
with the concurrence and aid of some of
his confidential friends, had prepared a
plan for this purpose, which wasonly post
pohied to the arrival of the N. York expe'
edition 'Repeated letter's were received
'oumr the gentleman n that City, naming
no*'this day, 0now that, when the fleet
which was to convey powerful and effect;
nal reinforce merits would "certainly :sail
-- and stating that this event had' been
delayed only by the increase of means,
whiechlwould'i eteed -the miiost saniguiine
expectations df those concerned., Sup-
ported by the hopes which these oft 're-
peated' assurances were calculated to
inspire-the Patriots at Amelia held out
for two long months under circumstances
th i most discouraging and alarming.
ITheir ranks daily thinned by disease,
,death, and desertion-until thirty efficient
soldiers were hot left on 'the Island-the
leader of the expedition possessedof the'
confidence: and esteem of scarcely one
individual ; officers distrustful and jealous
-privates dissatisfied, insubordinate, and'
disorderly ; nothing done to6 streligthen'
the works onh the Island, although .the
general often declared that with his
knowledge of fortification he could ren-
der them impregnable. His officers
looked in vain for a display of those qual-'.
ides which they expected to fid in a'ch'ief
so renowned, or that of- practical inform' :
nation on military'subjects, which a long
course of service must have enabled him
to acquire.
In this state of almost utter hopeless-
ness months were consumed. when about
the latter end of August, accounts are re
ceived that the Morgiana had certainly
sailed with supplies of men, arms, money
and provisions. This news re animated
the alinmost extinguished spiritsif fthe'Pa.
triots ; and in a'few days was followed by
the arrival of this much desired vessel.
The Morgiana is min sight The Morgia
na has.crossed the bar 1 was resounded
from all parts. And when she dropped
her anchor, an universal burst of joy and
congratulation gave notice of the -event.
But this exultation was of short duration

The long expected Argo had indcedarriv-

ed, but brought n2 golden Bfeece. It was
with the utmost astonishment discovered,
that she had come on without her arma-
ment and with only 25 .y'; and that a.-
though her guns and arms would follow
in a 'few days, she had-:brought no other
auction of strength. or means for the
Patriot cause. It .was, too, with as much
surprise and indignation, learnt that the
character of this vessel had been utter-
ly changed ; that fitted out as was pre-
tended as a national ship, she had been
converted into a privateer, and ftiurished
with a Buenos Ayrean commission. All
of any reflection now perceived that the
accomplishment of the objects of the
5 expedition was beyond the scope of possi-
bility, and most ofthose who were hot de-
r operate in their fortunes and characters
resolved to abandon, an enterprize, which
I promised no glory to themselves nor ad-
vantage to the Patriot cause. It was with
the most heartfelt anguish, that .colonel
Posey saw the destruction of those.hopes
which he had so long and 'so fondly in-
1 .dulged. The, idea of assisting to confer
liberty and happiness upon an enslaved
& wretched people,,was too dear to him to
be pari'td with without the most poignant
feelings of regret. But deceived by.'.the ge-
neral, and by the gentlemen in N York,
I and indignant at. the treachery and du
plicity which had been used towards him
by both, he did not long hesitate in the
s course which he ought to pursue. Un.
r willing to harness by an unprofitable con-
'test, a people whom he came to' benefit,
in conjunction with the friends who had
accompanied him from Virginia, on the
4th of September he threw up his coma-
a mission,embarked on board a small schoo-
ner for Wilmington N. C'. at which plade
he terminated 'his earthly career, -regret-.
--tedlyiall 1who_ had 'an opportunityy of es-
:timating his worth.- The evening previ
sous to his departure from the Island, he
, was waited upon by the general,.at his
t quarters, where he had been long confin
r ed by sickness, and informed that it was
utterly impossible for him to keep posses-
sion of the Island much.longer,; that his
stock of provisions was nearly exhausted
and he had no means of obtaining a fresh
supply. In short that the expedition a-
gainst the' Floridas must inevitably fail,
as there wer's no resources to support it.
The author having brought down his nar-
rative to the 4th of September, 1817, has
little more to add. If he is correctly in-'
formed, upon that evening general Mc-.
Gregor resigned the command of the ar-
my, and colonel Irwin,a native of Pennsyl-
vania, was elected by the otlicers, in his
stead. Of the. supposed views and ob
jects of those who still' remain 'on that
Island, it dues not be come tie author of
this narrative particularly to speak. They
will be best developed by their actioiis.
He cannot, however, believe that their re-
sources will enable them to extend their
conquests ; and he is very certain that
they have not sufflt,,t miliaifrYtideit a
rnio-i-lgTiremi-.f- -pity pi'- .l ikchivv-
Smelnt. If, as soms--.ave conjectured A-
-melita Islandis.-o i -htid only as a nest"
for the Mlmerous pr.i-vateers, who at this
.day infest the sea", every friend of huma-
nity must :rejoice to. see it broken up.
The demoralizing effect, which. such a
depot, so near to the United'States,' would-
have upon its citizens,, is much to be
dreaded. The horrors ofthis system of
privateering, as carried o.n by cruizers
under the Patriot flag, ought to be expos-
ed to the public'viuw by some able pen.
The narrator has had some opportunities
of estimating the character and views of
persons engaged in this traffic, and he is
convinced that Niammon is the only god
they worship, upon whose altar they
would sacrifice Wiiole hecatombs ot their
fellow citizens.

The erection of public offices for the
service of the United States on that beau-
tiful public walk, appears to. have receiv-
ed the decided disapprobation of the cor
portion and inhabitants of New-York.
During the llt'e war'the Battery was ced-
ed to the United Stites, for the purpose
of erecting fortifications for the defence
of the city-and Major General Scott,
in July last, in a note to the mayor de-
clared, his intention to erect these offices,
which were "to' be built with an.elegance
of construction to render them an 'or-
nament to the Battery." The corpora-
tion in their answer express a decided
wish that none of this ground might be
occupied by public offices, however ele-
gantly constructed; anti that they did
not consider such an occupation of the
premises .within the spirit and meaning
of thie grant. .
:f'ernc il Scott, on hisreturn from his
summer "excursion, has issued orders,
and the foundation'of a building 30 feet
b' 15, is laid ad progresssing.
.So far the newspaper accounts give us
a knotiwledge of the affair. We seriously
regret that anyjr misunderstanding should'
have taken place betweeei"ihe parties,
'and' will be gratified to infolbrm oiir readers
of the amnicable adjustment of the dispute
in question.-.Balt. Amer.

-" BOSTON, OCT. 7.
Arrived, brig 'Ventrossa, Atwell, 59
days froth 'Gottenburg, with iron, glass,'
&C; Sept. 28, lat. 41, 30, long. 62,' 'So30,
spoke and boarded ship Parnasso, Hitch,
59 days. from Antwerp for New York,.
with about 3so passengers, (French Offi-
cerl's) who had risen upon the ship andi
taken command, for the purpose of going
to Mexico, to join the Patriots ; but not'
having 'any one to navigate i the vessel,
they had given back the command to

On his passage from New Orleans to N. York
in Sept. last, Capt. TaoxMAs MuaniR, of the
Corps of Artillery, U. S. army. Capt. Murray
was a native of Maryland.

The next session of the Faculty of Phy-
sic will commence on the last Monday of
tlis month.
In consequence of .the improvements
which have been made in the general con-
dition of this Institution, the professors
are induced to contemplate with more
than usual pleasure, the renewal of their
labors. ` : : .
The Professor of Chemistry ..has re-
ceived from Paris a splendid addition to
the apparatus of his department, from the
hands of the instrument maker to the
Royal Academy of Sciences, which will
afford an opportunity of illustrating, ex-
perimentally the latest and most impor-
tant chemical facts.,. '
The establishment of a Surgical In-
stitution,"approprihted exclusively to sur-
gical cases, and superintended by the
surgical professor of this school, will pre-
sent to the class an abundant source of
practical instruction. :
The Professor of the Theory arid Prac-
tice of Medicine will deliver i course of'
Clinical Lectures at the Baltimore hos-
pital in addition to his'usual course.
Arrangement have been made to warm
the anatomical theatre.
Baitimore, oct 13-eotld

Merino Sheep.
TrpO avoid bverstocking on one of my farms,
JI will sel sell 50 y.:ng Ewes, of three qua'r-
'ter blood,.wi.h lamb by full blood Rams ; they
,.rein fine cond.t.oa, and.of exaelient wool for
their grade,

!'e-orgown,o60 oct I2iw3nw

J. MASOn,.

Sale -at Auction.
"N Wednesday next.:at 4p. m. will be sold
at the store of Signor Veto Vitt, a beat,.-
ful collection of fancy articles, among which
are- .
A variety of alabaster vases, and chimney
S ornaments. .
7 sets sup prb Save china
. Elegant engravings of Lord's supper and
A variety French caricatures .
French gold watches '
An assortment ofjewellery
1 box artificial flowers, &c.
Terms of sale cash on delivery of the goods.
Georgetown, oct. 13 -'3t.
crF T.HE
Washington M0 monument Lottery.
Seventh day's drawing.
No. 4027 a prizeof '1000
26515 500
29237, 6195. 17483, 6164 100
S5261, 15812. 28813, 13064. 50
14 prizes of 20-342 do of 12.
Capital Priz.: stilf remaining in the Wheels,.
3 prizes of 20,000' Dollars.
4 prizes of 10,06'0 DDbllars
S p rize of .5,0u'0 Doll ,s
T ckets and Shares, at S1 -, tr adle at
G. & H. V Al1 1 'S
.Old established and truir forlt:n-'e Lotlery and
Exchanige office, corner of St. Paul's lane
and Market-street. .

Tickets and Shares may also be had at
j"Where a check book will be kept for the
examination of tickets, gratis.
"'t 13-
For Sale, Freight or Charter.
i ..L THE fast sailing, burthens me,
.%1 and 'very superior brigantine
James Monroe, now lying at the
4 0 x Carial Company's wharf, Eastern
'Branch burthen 123- tons, supposed to carry
1200 barrels. She is now in complete order
for any voyage.
Also-The fast sailing schr. Free
Mason, burthen 94 tons, as she
now lays at said wharf, is likewise
'incomplete order for sea. The
'above vessels are remarkably staunch and sound,
having each had a 'thorough relpaiir within the
last month. Apply to JNO. McGOWAN.
oct 13-eo2w'

Sale of Curious 'Ware.
W.,ILL be exposed to sale at vendue, at the
House opposite the central Bank, in
Geo.rge*own, at 4 o'clock on the evening of
Wednesday, an assortment of Alabastur Vases,
'Iigures 'and Ornaments, of various descrip-'
ions, and o'f great beauty. Also, some fihe
Save Chiina, Jewellery and Prints. The admir.
ere of the fine arts will be gratifiedby attend-
oct 13-

W, ashington Monument Lottery,
S"bventh day's drawing.
No. 4,027 (first drawn) entitled to 1l000
26515 prizeof 500
29987, 6125 17483, 6164, prizes of 100
5261, 15812, 28813, 13064 50
14 prizes of 20 each
242 12 each
3 of 20.000
4 -of 10000
: of 5,000
Still remain in the wheel.
Tickets $12 each and Shares in proportion,
to be had, (warranted undrawn) at
Lottery andl,Ex-cange Office NVo. 110, M[arket
street, Baltimore,

To be had (warranted undrawn) at the Book-
store of
Pennsylvania avenue, near the Theatre,
Where a correct check book will be kept for
examining all tickets, gratis.
oct IS-
On C Street, adjoining the Bath House.
WT R. McKAY informs his acquaintances
TV. and the public generally, that he 'has
opened a comfortable house of entertainment
if;r the accoinmodation of all who are fond of
good eating. Strangers shall be supplied at
.ae shortest notice. Private families can be
.upplied with oysters opened or in the shell.
oct 13-3

Valuable Property for Sale.
T IHE subscriber, by a power in him vested,
will expose to public sale, on Monday,the
15th day of December, 'at 10 o'clock, mn the
premises, all or such part thereof as may be
agreed on of the following property, as will aa-
tisfy a certain.claim due thereon-by the late
John Campbell, Esq. Lot No. 9 in the subdivi-
sionoi Lots 'No 6 and 7, in Squaie 461. Also,
part "of Lot No. 8 in the same .Square--the
whole fronting on Pennsylvania avenue and 7
street west, together with the improvements,
consisting of 3 story brick houses, calculated
.for stores and dwellings.
Terms made known at the sale. -
oct l3--2aw9.w
W AS committed to the gaol of Washing-
ton county, in the District of Columbia,'
on the 24th of September Jast, ablackman who
calls himself Win. Grason ; he is 5 feet 6 :n-
ches high, has some marks ofthde whip on hit
back, anda scar over the left eye, says he is
30 years' old, and has a father by the name of
Nim Graon, living near Fauquier C. H.
Virginia, and calls himself a free mnian.-
Had on when committed an old fur hat, old
brown cloth coat, scarlet vest, coarse linen
shirt, 2 pair jersey pantaloons, I black the oth-
er grey, and old shoes.
The owner of the above negrb, (if any) is re-
quested to come arid prove him, and take him
away, or lie will be sold for his gaol tees and
other expenses as the law directs.
for W. BOYD, Marshal.
oct 13-w3t
For Sale or Exchange,
For mercehandize or property in George-
town or Washington.
TFE subscriber offers two farms for sale, in
S Montgomery county, both lying near Go-
shen; one of the farms contains 194 acres,
about 85 acres of which is in clover, arid have
been so for two'years, and has been twice plais-
tered.; about 100 acres of this tract is in wood
,it was formerly owned by Jesse Cromwell.
The bther'tractcontains 150 acres, about 90'of
'wbichis isinelover,and'was formerly occupied
Sby a. Mr. Bates.' The above places are only.
about half a mile a'p'art. Any person can see
them by applying'to- Mr. JohntRicketts, who
lives on the premises.'
Also, a farm of 570 acres of very rich land.
near Eddyville, in the state of Kentucky, and
within 4 miles of navigable water, 'sffcient for
vessels of 400 tons. On this'land is a lkrge
distillery, with very heavy copper stills, that
have cost upwards of $1000; i new grist milk
and dwelling house, built of stone principally.
'Also, within about :one mile of the above; a
tract of 200 actes of-heavily timbered land,in a
complete square.
SThe above described property is well worth
the attention of those who wish to attend to
.farming,'&le. Being entirely out of'my line of
life, they: may be lijd op low terms.:
Georgetown, March 17-eotf
Land for Sale, I
W ITHIN eight iilesof the City of Wash-
n ton, on a credit of.3, 6,9,' 12, and 13
months. '
This tract contains between nine hundred and
a thousand acres, 'situated on' the Post Road
from the City of Washington to Annapolis, by
the way of Upper Marlborough, the seat ofjtis-
tice.for Pririee'George's County, State ofMary-
land; from thich place it is distant about seven
miles. The village'of Centrevilleis laid off on0
part of this' estate, which, from its position, is
likely to improve. Contiguous to the village, and
on jart of this esttae, is one of the finest springs
of water in Maryland, Nearly half this tract is
in wood, which might easily be taken to Wash-
ington or Alexandria, both of which places af-
ford an excellent market, and the road being
fine, a.waggon might perform two, trips a day;
the average price. of this article is about six dol-
lars per cord. The land is generally level, well
watered,contains about 10 acres of well-improv.
ed meadow, and forty or.fifty more.may be made
at a small expense. Theie is not a spot in Ma-
ryland more remarkable for health. It abounds
in fruit of various kinds, and is divided into three
or four separate tenements, on one of which the
improvements are calculated to accommodate a
genteel family. 'The others might be rendered
comfortable ata small expense.
'lie onlv motive for disposing of this valua-
ble property, is to enable the proprietor to com.
ply with his engagements, with which view a
great bargain may be had if application be im-
mediately made. For further particulars apply
to David M1. Forrest, attorney at, law, City of
Washington, or the subscriber residing on the
premises. -'.I
Tlre above tract will be divided to suit pur-
chasers, if required.
Sept 1-eotf

Public Sale.
PUtIUANT to an order of the honble. the
County '"court of Prince George's county,
will be offered at public sale, to tlie.highest
bidder, on Friday the 12th of' December next,
in the town 6'fUpper Marlb'orough, in the coun-
ty aforesaid, the following property, viz. Tih-
tavern at present occupied by John H. Hall,
together'with 16 acres of landattached there.
to.- The house is large and-comr ed-ous, and
well located 16r a tavern, being near the court
Also, two other small frame houses; one of
them very near the court house, in a south
western direction, the other a little further on
th. s reet- leading from the court house to the
post office.
lso, a lot of ground in the said town, lying
between the court house and the Western
Branch, called Carroll's Addition, containing
19 acres.
At the same time and place will be sold,
some negroes, stock, and household and kitchen
The above property is to be sold to satisfy the
creditors of the aforesaid John H Hall, an in-
solvent debtor, who has applied to the said
court for the benefit of the insolvent acts. The
title of the said lIa1l to the aforesaid real pre-
perty will be sold subject to his wife's dower
right. The terms of sale will be, cash for all
sums under 20 dollars, and a credit of one,
two and three years on all sums above, the pur-
chasers giving bond, with approved security, on
interest from day of sale.
oct 6-wts

Twenty Dollars Reward.
TWILL givethe above reward for taking in
L and lodging,ia jail,n.egro SOLOMON, the
property of Mrs. Maria Mul.kin, a 'black man,
aged about twenty-two years-alender made, :
feit 8 or 9 inches high. His clothing, when h.
went sway, on easter Monday, were a new felt
hat, short drab jacket and twil'd cotton an t

yarn pantaloons; it is likel)'he has other cioth.
ing. If taken up and confined,informazion will
be given of it to me near Upper Marlboroqgh
in. Prince Georges' county, Md.
april.~ -wtf .. ODEN.,

cLipt. itch.