New-York American, for the country
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073186/00003
 Material Information
Title: New-York American, for the country
Portion of title: New York American, for the country
Alternate title: New York American
Physical Description: 25 v. : ill. ; 53-70 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Printed for the proprietor, by J.M. Elliott
Place of Publication: New York N.Y
Creation Date: April 19, 1823
Publication Date: 1821-1845
Frequency: semiweekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the New York Public Library.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 2, no. 159 (Sept. 15, 1821)-v. 26, no. 851 (Feb. 17, 1845).
General Note: Published on Tuesday and Friday, <1825-1840>; Wednesday and Saturday, <1841>.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09313417
lccn - sn 83030019
System ID: UF00073186:00003
 Related Items
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1821)
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1832)
Preceded by: American, for the country
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly courier and New-York enquirer

Full Text


(Fort TIiTLCi jN

VO IV....No. 324.]

is published every WEDnESnAY and SartURDAY
at No. 30 WLViAM-STREET, opposite the Post
Office, New-York, at FOUR DOLLARS per
annum, and regularly sent by Mail, agrecably
to direction, to any part of the United States.
All letters or communications must be directed
to the Editor of the J/merican, No. 30 Wil-
liam-street, New-York." The daily American
is published every evening, at the same place,
at TEN DOLLARS per annual.

WEDNEFSDNVY '.V 'N! \PRII, 16 .t!-23.

A con-eution is t Lbe held in Illinois to alter
and amend the constitution, for the purpose, it
appears, of permitting the introduction of sla-
very into that state. The means by which a
legislative act for the purpose was procured
appear to have been as reprehensible as is the
object to which they were directed. The pre-
sent constitution requires the vote of two-thirds
of the legislature to pass a law authorizing the
call of a conventioeu; and, to attain it, the seat
of one of the meinhers opposed to the law was
vacated in favour of his competitor in a con-
tested election, who was of opposite sentiments,
although a previous decision had been given in
favour of the former, and he had filled the seat
during the greater part of the session. The
violation of their own constitution, and the col-
lision into which they must necessarily be
brought with that of the United States, appear.
however, to the Illinois partisans of slavery to
be light in the balance when weighed with the
advantages of converting that fair portion of
the Union into a market for the human mer-
chandize in which they deal. We trust, how-
ever, there is purity enough in the free popu-
lation of that state to avert the stigma, and
prevent the consequences that must necessa-
rily proceed from the conflict of the general
And state governments, if slavery is permitted
"by the latter in any of the states formed out of
the North-Western Territory. The following
observations on the important subject are from
an Ohio paper:
It may be asked, how can the state of Illi
nois, or Indiana, or Ohio, so change its consti-
tution as to admit slavery, when the ordinance
of Congress of 1787 expressly says that 'Ithere
shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude
in the said territory, [the North-Western Terri-
-tory,] otherwise than in punishment of crimes,
wbereo- the party shall have been duly con-
.victed;' and when it is declared in the same
ordinaancethat this article, and the other arti-
cl_?t therein contained,-" shall be considered as
articles of compact between thie original states
arti .the people and states in line said territory,
and forever remain unalterable, unless by com-
mton consent?'I Why, we answer, by declaring
that Congress had no authority to make any
.uch restriction; by threatening to divide thAe
Union, unless slavery be tolerated by Con-
gress ; and, in the mean time, by using every
exerhton for the election of a successor to .Mr.l
JIonroe in the Presidency who shall favour their
claims. Such are thie means that may, and pro-
bably will, be resorted to, by the friends of the
extension of slavery in Illinois, in which they
iviJl be aided by their brethren of the same
principle in Indiana and Ohio. We are not
among those editors who busy themselves with
raising scarecrows to frighten the timid or the
ignorant, but we leaye it to our fellow-citizens
generally to say whether the subject ought not
to-receive their serious attention."'

We are at this present time in much tribu-
lation. Mr. Noah promises us a column or to
of notice in to-morrow's Advocate, and John C.
Spencer gives us the pledge of supplying mat-
ter for the whole contents of his next paper.-
We shall have enough to do to stand the cross
fire of these double batteries. Perhaps a feel-
,ing against the city at large may divert from us
a little of Mr. Spencer's fire, and a sense of
what is due to his friends and the republican
party here on the subject may turn some of
MIr. Noah's artillery from us to his new coad-
jutor. Mr. Spencer gravely likens the meet--
ing recently held here on thie subject of the tax
law to the Hartford Convention, and recom-
mends Mr. Dwight as secretary. Will the
Advocate say nothing for the character and
interests of the city now that the country memn-
bers are not to be won to give a printing mo-
nopoly ?
We scarcely open a paper without meeting
complaints of the defective arrangements and
management of the post office department.-
This has been a subject of general inconveni-
ence and complaint for the last three or four
years, and we suspect that tihe proper remedy
is to be sought in a different organization of the
department, as well as the change of its direc-
tor. The abuses prevailing under the present
system are great and increasing,,and demand
that attention from Congress which we fear
may be looked for in vain until the agitation of
the great Presidential question is over, and our
legislators find time and capacity to bend their
attention to other subjects of less excitement,
but perhaps of not less public concern. From
among the complaints of the bad management
of the mails, we take the following from the;
Louisville'Public Advertiser as exemplifying in
no very extravagant degree the benefits derived
from a well arranged post office system ;
The Maiklr.-l the course of last week we wer.
nearly inundated witim newspapers from ahnos
every town or city in the Union, i xcrpt ,'_.11-
ton City. We ha thn e ihl; city to receive sever ,
papers from Arkansas, dated as late as tlhe fi'-sL
J)eoember last ; and tohe ,1awncetown Llazette'
r: .-.i n,; on the win'tls of the "wtiil, bro g'ht u
the message of Governor Coles, del-ierd to the
legislature oi Illinois at r.he cotrnenrc- ent.u.1u of thei
sessmiom, y iih terminate;rd a ci'ri.bt or so eneCe.-

From Missouri, we have papers iand news, of
course, equally interesting. The Little Rock,
(Arkans:-) Gazette of the '26th Nov. 18g-22 t'e( ni'-
edet Louisville in the 3d wrek of March AD. 1-23j,
containing sundry extracts from the proposals issl-
ed by the Post Master Gen. for rcaeryi,-g certain
mails in that territory-some once a week, others
once a fortnight. As these contracts were all to
have been miadeon the 1st January last, we should
not have deemed it necessary to recur to them, if
we had not been convinced that a semni-anual
mail, would, under existing circums-tancies, be
more economical, and serve the people fully as
well as the present mode of conveyance. To be
serious, however, the frequcut failure of the
mails, and the improper detention of newspapers
by the Post--Masters, are subjects calculated to
call forth a general expression of indignation. Of
this the Post Master General cannot be ignorant ;
and we can only account for his listlessness by the
supposition, that he disregards, both the interests
and the opinions of the people.
Joseph M'Minn, of i'cnnessee, has been ap
pointed by the President of the U. S. to be In
dian Agent for the Cherokee nation, in tlih
room of R. J. Meigs, deceased--and Arch. WV
Hamilton to be Surveyor of the port of Pcnsa-
Connecticut Election.-The returns of votes
for Lieutenant Governor in about 90 towns
have been received, by which it is reduced to a
certainty that no ch..ce has been made by the
people. Very few votes were polled. Fron
the towns heard from, they stand
For Mr. Plant, 4113
For Mr. Perkins, 3432

The towns to be heard from will probably
still reduce this majority, and the scattering
votes will most likely exceed 1500.
Mr. Day is elected Secretary by a great ma-
The votes returned for Mr. Day are 4214
for Mr. Seymour, 2387

Majority, 1827
The regular tickets for Senators and Alem-
bers of Congress have, without doubt, suc-
There seems to exist some perplexity in
Pennsylvania as to the correct spelling of the
name of the new republican candidate for Gov-
ernor, which, if we are correctly informed, may
be settled by application to the proper authority
in our own state, whence the gentleman inl
question or his ancestor is said toi have migra-
ted. The family name here is commonly spell-
ed Shultz, whether with classical correctness
we are unable to say, from an unpardonable
ignorance of our mother Dutch.
We publish this evening an extract from the
able memorial of the Mayor, Aldermen and
Common Council of this city to thie Legislature,
on the subject of the Tax Bill. Such parts of
it as relate to tle taxation of goods, &c. in
transit (the bill having been amended by the
Senate) are omitted; and we insert only so
much of it as refers to the taxing of stocks, and
to those general principles of policy which
should never be lost sight of whenever the rela-
tions of the city and country may become the
subject of legislation. No recommendation of
ours ia necessary to secure to this lucid and in-
teresting document the attention of all these
under whose observation it may fall,

Chili.-We have received from our corres-
pondent, the editor of the Baltimore American,
a slip containing advices from Valparaiso of
the 15th of December, (one day later than we
had previously received) but they contain no
additional information other than the insurrec-
tion of Gen. Freyere in Conception, who had
approached as far as Taleu in force. An oppo-
sing force had been sent out to meet him, but
it was supposed he would be too strong to ac-
cept any terms short of overthowing the present
government. The political state of the coun-
try is such that it is said scarcely any change
could be for the worse.

The arrival at Charleston of the brig Claris-
sa Ann brings papers from Havana of the 250th
ult. This is not so late as our previous advi-
ces, nor does it add to our information from that
quarter, except the intelligence that the broad
blockade declared by Gen. Morales on all the
coast of the Main has been qualified by the
government of Spain so as to limit, it to the in.
production of military characters and imple-
mernts of war.
The feverish stale of affairs is noted by this
arrival. We are again agitated (says the
account) by piracies and horrid murders on the
neighboring coast. These extraordinary ex
cesses must produce extraordinary measures.
Large parcels of plundered property have been
found in some stores in Matanzas. Several
German and French vessels have been recently
stripped of their cargoes, and a French vessel
is said to have just arrived tinder a similar fate.
Our trade is evidently suffering, and I fear by
and by we shall not be allowed to ship our pro-
duce. Flour is scarce-none now in first
hands; and if none arrives during the ensuing
week, it perhaps will go up to 20 or .$25. Cof-
fee sells generally at 10 and 517-300 qq. very
prime, sold yesterday at 593. Sugars were
going on briskly, but the Spanish merchants,
Smtio were the greatest purchasers, are panic
-,l tick."
' Among the additions to the piratical list are-
.ie French ship Constance from Bordeaux, an
.snerican brig (namine unknown,) a DutIon brig.
r American ieinmapirodite, a Briti-hi schoonelr,
.mid another Dutchi brig, tine Mnmcrva, Capiaini
"liackel, from Amsterdam, the cargo of which,
allied at (80,000, was I hken out and so!J to
persona hrimng at 5Ma!i:a);g's. Tulotal ,

NAN Y..xrCKiSATURDNY, Ai 4L 9, 1132,31


P' uc; and Shipwreckc.-Thei brig Eliza'oeth t he gi- ig sprit of capidy, till cease. i Mr. Gardiner, from the committee of eight, are not equality of lights, its objects have never
and J n' ofNewburport, Captain Stickney, hanks and iu- ance comnpat ie are now the (.o from each Senato'ial district) reported a been thQ general goi;d Without great talents,
S e iJa victim, to-morrow it may be te turn of thic b I. onuitled an act for the payment of certain though they have deluded many i.to a belief of
left St Domingo tor Bosto on the lt Ja- :aiu:cturg esiablislhm,.nt,, which are be- oicers of government. The committee re- pr ss;isirg all in the sate, LInd hav iong unac-
nuary last. On the 27!h shie was boarded in ti'e ginni:,g t' enrtich tile stat and their posses- commcnlI that tthe annual salaries of the Chan- conuntably maintained the delusion ; without
Mona passage by a pnvateerIschr. sewing Ve- sorS. Oi the t'armner, may be select-ed and the collor, Juistices of the Supreme Court, and political forecast ; without public spirit; with-.
nezelian cou but after befin robbed of other portions ,f tlihe commuinnity be made to Can d Coumnissioners be reduced to -2,000 ; out that generous, self-sacrificing feeling that
e exult in their immojalion. Perhaps the piofes- thl.t thle salary of a circuit judge be fixed at inspires the patriot to labour for his country, and
A$0 in specie, was released. Having got clear sons, distingueishd as they are for Icarniug and ei200 per annum; and that the judge of the regard his own convenience as a minor consid-
of the passage, on the 30th a series of gales public useulinesI', m ray one day be made to feel iirst circuit be allowed to receive fees for cer- eration ; personal aggrandizement and family
commenced, in one of which a mulatto man was thie iijusiuce ofi tui, plmincpI' in legilalion, tain services to be performed by him. That influence have been the ends of all their efforts;
lost o;rboard in the act of rounding to. Jula wilici we rejoice is as yet untri,,d, and hope there be paid a per diem allowance to the Lieu- weakness, inconstancy and inconsistency have
lever to s-e adopted. :' ;:: I tenant Gov. of six dollars. That certain re- invariably marked their course, and defeat, and
Puryer, a seaman, was also taken sick and died a further objeciion, and in our opinion an ductions be made in the fees of the officersof disgrace have crowned all their political enter-
ou tlie 15th of February. A contioatilon of uiaiiusweradle lue, to lie justice of the bill in the court of chancery, and of the clerks of the prizes.
gales prevenimg- the vessel from getLtug west- qu'stlio is, that it makes no allowance or supreme court, the clerks of circuit courts and The triumph of the Republican candidate is
ward, pr oviions failing, John lodgdon tle dleduction froi tihe amount of stock to be tax- sittings; and that an additional sum of 1,000 emphatically the triumph of our young popula-
a, pr i ailg, in cab where dtbts may be owing on the be allowed to the Comptroller for clerk hire. tion. Their cause is equality of rights, and a
mate having been takan sick, and the Captain pu iha i, of it, or where the stock of the com- tM'r. Smith reported a bill for regulating elec- clear field for the honourable competition oftal-
ind all the rest on board being unvowell arnd pa: taxed or otier stocks already liable to tions. (Ordered to be printed.) eat and merit, in the race of honourable distiic-
host bitten, yet under lho ofnecessitI eo.:.ant- taxai!on) are hiypohllecated fr llthe security of Mr. G. Lee had leave of absence for the re- tion. Thiscanonly beexpected where our much
its payment-ihus- discriminating and drawing sidue of the session. contemned and calumniated democracy reigns,
y working arthel pump, tliy macde for t nar- a lie of'disirtictin between this and other per- The House, in committee of the whole, pas- a-id where family influence and privileged or-
est port, iwhn, on tIho ith inst. tihe ves-el Twas sodal estate us to the estimate of its value or sed the bill to incorporate the President, Di- ders are unknown. Would these blessings have
wrecked on one of ithe rLoter suen:ijr ledges, nl,,al ;un;,it n.' p'rperit. The application rectors & Co. of thle New-York Lombard Asso- been imparted by the triumph ofan aristocracy?
neat the _Fox sland., (Ma '.) a: tot: lostt "o e pr-posed ,l uof tax.tir inl this class of citation, (I. l'Nugliton in tihe chair. Thie No -lad success attended their plans, had their
S, l, cIa.-imtoi rail to be :.jurious, and very pro- capital stock was reduced to 51,50,000, and a utmost wishes have been gratified, the active
Thle survivors, at 5 o'cloLk, got into tle long- bably destructive, to the interests of some of section was adopted requiring the written as- and intelligent population that now forms the
boat, with nothing iou a comnpas- ail the appa- the best conducted mrnmed institutions in this sent of the Corporation of the city of New-York boast of Massachusetts, and the surest pledges
cl they lhad on, and clia edl it from thi wreck state. before tihe bill can go into operation, for the continuance of our institutions, would
in a thic i -g, trcIenloun s sea, a(d s noi storm. When it is considered that the policy we de- The Senate concurred with the Honse in have been compliant ministers to their pride,
a f, t d w t precate, in beh after r rowing some time, they discovered an be pointed against us by the hands of our bre- The Senate were in debate upon the tax bill every youth, on attaining the age of manhood,
island, whose side tlie surt mounted mast high, tieni fsr tlit purpose of benefitiLig and enrich- this day, but took no further vote thereon. enrol himself in the ranks of democracy ; anud
but were not able to ,ind a lee, so as to approach ing lther portions of the state, al the expense ....--- --... let every young man regard its cause as his own,
, until T le, who o tiCeir midushriuus and enterprising fellow citi- From lthe 'oswon Paurion. and its success as the'triumph of himself and
it, >trit 1. 'he ,ate ho w silz, lay at- zeus thiss city, we are tempted to inquire We can now felicitate our readers on the his pos'erity.
parently senseless in the boat, and five minutes what could be tlieir sense of injury and feeling election of a revolutionary patriot, and a long
before they reached thir, shore he died. On of rer -iminaion i'" we. possessnig the power, tried, faithful, consistent republican. This is Growth of Vood.-It lhas been ascertained
landing, they found a Iounse, and were hospi- should claim (a! to excierse the right of im- not the triumph of an individual or a party. It tirit wood increases in the fol ,wing proportion
b r e t G n Tin nitiLg or destroying what thly' might ilith is the glorious triumph of those American The Ist year as 1, tihe 2d as the 3d as 9, thle
(ably relieved by Mr. Green, near Thomaston, qltruti ad justice consider their main principles, whose emirie is now co-extensive 4th as 15 to 5h as 22, titb 6th as 30, the 7th
Maine. s,.i James A. iBuchanan, James W. M'Culloh i'n,-Ince ; -r asking its e-venues from their ap- tile moral force of an intelligent and en- 92. From this itis conclu( d, that wood ought
pa,,rlate channels-, and df.vuting then to the hlightened comnmunilt3 when rising superior to never to te cut till in e 10th year of its
and George Williams, Esqs. have been acquit- aggraidizoment of another section of thle state, facilous influences, and acting upon the broad gr' i. -
ted by the County Court for the county of flart- or improving and adoring tile highways and and solid ground of ivell tried, thoroughly tested James I., by a proclamation in the 7th year
ford, (Md.) of the charge of conspiring garlst iagatiorn --f the middle and southern districts. principle. of lis reign, on the mature deliberation of his
the ank of the United States iut ,e ill not isu with our brcthlrer o To the enlighfitened politician, the warm Council, forbade all new buildings within 10
h .ank of tt.: i usitr ions or arguments so rm hatic ated, b, nevolent philanthropist, it affords a miles of Lonon; and commanded, that if i
A cluster of wooden buildings on Sycamore- ao"l 'onCviiclig, but l ;re' tlhet t thle sotnd weihlty and useful lessau, as well as abundant spite of this ordinance, there should be any set
,clibbertior of tie legislature, and tlipir own c ause of exultatiin. It shows the calm, de- up, they should be pulled down, though notice
street, in Petersburg, Va. were consumed by n,, fic anrd poer ,f convi tiln upon thie liberate voice of tile people to be always ght. was not taken of themli till 7 ears afterwards.
fire on the night of the 10thl inst. niieliig.iicp anid I ublir; a-pirit of lith ciistitt-td it shows that whelin relying on their own judg- -
gu .i t'f e-v ery potilon o! tihe state, every ment, they are never misled ; I hen contiding It is slated in a Liverpool Gazette that, any
A young lad named Richard Davis, who had seio, it t ets, and every cla s of its i their own umnerstandings, they are ever person who lay swallow a pin- or the bone of a
been released from the Penitentiary in this city ciui.zu-, wrong. It starni.s the seal of ignorance, or of lish will fiunt almost instant relief by taking four
on the 9th instant, has since that time been de- 'Ihie Legislature r wiil be pleased to remember flsnhood and fraud, upon all who would set up grains of tartar emetic dissolved in warm water,
tectetdand convicted of a larceny in Brooklyn, that this city contains about a tenth of tthe po- a better gulde than the unbiassed judgment uof an immediately aftcr the whites of six eggs.-
tlu!ation of the state, yet it al eady paLs Iiore a free, hones, and l rgltninded people. Thel cigulated mass will not remain on the
and sentenced to three months imprisonment in than one fourth of the taxes received by the To demonstrate the soundness of this doc- stnem :ch more than two or three minutes. So
the jail of hiing's County. state, on the real estate within its limits, ani trine, 1e need only refer to the result of tile oifetual is this remedy that it lha been known
more lhin one half of the taxes received on election, combined with the nature and charac- to r--m -ve no less than twenty at once.
Cape Alesurado.-The brig Oswego, char- personal -.late. Can it be believed for a int ter of the different appeals to the people, by ... ', '. ,
tered by tie American Colonization Society, ncint that these payments are founded on any the if ieiiod of the respeciive candidates. Those '.j,. .
thing like a jut estimate or ratio of priopely, of iMr. i'i sti- futercd ilo u to his fellow citizens,
sailed from Baltimore on Sunday morning, with ree Curret at Charlestn, Jpril 7.
saile fm altire on Sunday morning, wil or that the cIty of ilCow-Yoi k contains one as :a well trIied, latditful srvaut, anid a firm, un- Prices Current at Charleston, .pril 7.
sixty coloured persons, all recommended for fourth of tihe real or one ilhalf' of the personal Ieviating advocal ol those principles which Cotton, Sea-Island, 18 a 25; stained do. 12 a
sobriety and industry, fur Cape Mesurado, on estate within the state of Niew-Yol lv? Lave carried us triumphant thrliugli every dift- 14; Santee, 15 a 1hi; short staple, 8 1-2 a 11
the African coast. Under these circumstances, any further ex- iculty and danger, and remilcreid us haply and 1-2; Pice, pnrtie, ,3 12 1-2 cs.; inferior to
actions would tend to the oppression of our crli- prosperous, beyond the niost havVured of ca- good, 2 25 a .3; Flior, Philadelphia, Balumore
zer.:, and we are persradrid iwonuld exci a to.. '-ilhey appe ,!.d io t;he good .-euse and and -Richmond, (super'inei-) 8 a .8 50; A'lexvr-
TO THE HONOURABLE THE LEGISLATURE OF Tfl li well-grounded alarm not only throughout thi patriolisim of thie poupi!. Ti'h-, ulOlf'id siund Idia, do. 7 50 a 8, N,'ew-Orleans, do 6 a 7; To
STATE OF INEW-YORK IN SENATE AND A.SSrM.5- it, i U;t (hl]nighout I the st;(e, COnnBroctd ls they rT-,r'ennl-, tnd challenged 'thelI adversaries to I'acco, Keulucky, Georgia, Fayetteville. &c.
BL.Y CONVENE]) ; are by indissoluble ties of interes- and mutual meet it. lThey e-ndeavomid io rcct ou allay t3 a 4 ii-2i ,Dueer, u.-tlon lilies, 50 a 10; No. 1,
Thie Memorial of the Mayor, Aldermen and dependence, for the safety of one of the main alt excitement; rqueacted the electors to act 8 a t 50; prime and No.2, f6 a 7; Pork, mess,
Commonalty of tie city of New-York, in Con- objects of civil government-the rights of pro- withI oire than urdiiary ietnileracetand mnode- 14 a 15 ; prime, 9 a 10; B3utter, Goshien 220 a 25
mon Council convened, respectfully represents, perly. raiuon ; to try the several catiiddates by the, cts,.; inferior, 11 a 12.
That, as the guardians of the equal and just Your memorialists do therefore lhumnbly re- maxims of Wa-hni,gtoo and the principles of RNEMARKS.
rights of all their constituents, and having for quest that thie said bill may not be passed into ia the Revolution, and to cast their votes for him Coltons.-Some fei sales of Sea-Islands have
their object the promotion of the public good, law. And as in duty buund your memorialists ilwho best endured the trial been made at 18 cents, and of fair descriptions
they claim the privilege freely and solemnly to will ever pray, &c. The friends of DMr. Otis offered him as the at 20; bin tie finer and fancy brands are entire-
address your honourable body upon every sub- Ne'w-York, April 2. 1823. candidate of a p trty. Forgetting thue ughty ly neglected. Inferior Santees have gone off

ject connected with those rights, or which may
in their opinion affect the interests of so large
a portion of the state as the citizens and inha-
bitants of this city, and the exercise of this
right they consider on this occasion to be their
imperious duty.
Between the representatives of the people in
the Legislature and tlie Common Council of
this city, there ought, it is conceived, to be the
utmost harmony and coincidence of views onu
every public measure, from the union that is so
natural and so strong of the interests of this city
with those of the state, which, notwithstanding
its remoteness from the geographical centre of
the state, is its great emporium, thie principal
depository of its imports and exports, and the
profitable contributor to its commercial, manu-
facturing and agricultural prosperity ; and if
this tie should be broken in any of its practical
effects and operations, and tlihe other poi rtions of
thie state should be induced to disregard the ob-a
ligations of justice and equity' which ought to
bind us together, and which are the strongest
ligaments of society, wre may in that case look
for disjointed councils, and a state of public, no
less than of private dissatisfaction, which vould
be distressing to thie friends of social order, and
thie welfare and prosperity of our republican,
and at present well-balanced institutions.
The bill recently passed by the honourable
the Assembly, for the assessment arnd collec-
tion of taxes, contains provisions which are too
well calculated to excite observations and re-
flections of this description.
It is true that there is at present much com-
plaint as to the unequal pressure of the burthensI
of government upon different portions of the
community, which has heretofore led to public
animadversion, and no doubt requires a correc-
tive, which, if just, could not fail to command,
because it would deserve tie general approba-
bation of thie intelligent and reflecting portions
of the community.
But these complaints, nor any publications, norn
any well digested system of taxation, have ever,
as your memorialists are advised, and do re-
spectfullyalid earncstlycontend,gone the lengths
of proposing as the plan contained in the afore-
said bill does, that any distinct anu separate
and prominent portions of the citizens or their
property should be singled out and made to
bear an exclusive amount of taxation, distinct
from other portions of the citizens and their
propel. W e allude, as will be evident, to the
p-rovi-ion for raising a revenue out of the incor-
porated companies in this state, a large and
productive portion of which is known to be lo-
cated in this city. c *
N nili equal justice and propriety might anyr
other institutions or portious of property be se-
lected, and made to bear ain unequal portion oat
the public butthenrs. A discriminating mea-
sure ofi any description it i. conceived is wrong,
an1d ought not to be enacted under a Republi-
anfonrmn of government, which is essenutially}
Counted upon eqlndity of rights. Equal rights
and equal laws are the surest supporters anrd
fundamental bases of good govecrmn't ; and in
departing from them (lie legislature, as we huim--
niy conceive, will ionget the wishes and the
true interests of ever3 well informed citizen.-
ient this point once be departed 1'o in, and who
can tell n'!r tir ,o'-i.g e 'i l c'. unoc

nation of which we constitute a portion,-for- as low as 15 cents. The great tall in Exchange,
eptgettng those principles which are ti nais mion's and advance in freights had caused a decline of
[R!eported for the Acmean ] .rk of safety and passport to prosper, .-fur- about hail a cent in the price of Uplands, in the
LEGISLATURE OF .EWl-YORK. getting all that bound tie star of IMassachuseutls early part of the week ; bit the slight improve-
IN ASSEM.BLY, April 14. to thie bight constellation of the Union, tlen in-nt in the Liverpool and French markets has
Forenoon Session. confined their viels within dlec arrow listi again rallied ours, and thie prices of last week
The House weuc again occupied in commit- of a faction ; they appealed, in su, port o; their .are now demanded. Indeed, the sales on Sa-
tee of the whole, lor more than lour hours on candidate, to the local jealjuie.s sacot,.al Iurday equaled in price those of the preceding'
the bill relative to the salt works in the counts feeling, !ow pas1on s, seltish ends acnd cr.un- week; and it thue calculation is correct, that
of Onondaga, (Mr. M'Naughton in tilhe chair.) temi.ible personal conideiations, that ae the most of tie crop is now at market, prices of
The bill was finally passed, und thIe clause a- b,,stL ,iL bhc part zan, the scorn and execration Uplands will not be likely to go lower. The
thorising the construction of additional ,-o,'k, of thle patriot. exports for I he month of March were 17.268
upon the banks of the lateral canal was agreed The result has conclusively shown, that Upland-, and 2,816 Sea-Islands.
to in the House by a vote of 51 to I I. amiung a people so crnlighrnced and considerate lice.- \Ve have heard of no sales above the
.c'jouurned. as th,.so ofi Ma.,sachiiselts, reason is too strong prices quoted, whinc are the same as last week ;
fo r passion; truth will pievail oer calumny, br ithe improved prices for thit staple, both in
Sfternoon Session, falsehood and deception ; principle will tri- Europe and the northern cities, created a spirit
Mr. Thompson presented thie petition of uniph over faction ; and generous devotion to for speculation towards the close of the week,
James Voley and others, for a bank, to be ino- the public good, will furnish a failer passport which induced the factors to hold for higher
cated in tihe village of Grecnii ch, in the city to public conidence, than selfish prosttutiou prices, and S.3 50 was asked, if not refused for
and county of New-York. of power anut influence to views of personal prime lots on Saturday.
Mr. Verplanck, from Ithe commitice on that aggrandisztement. Iiwsur.-.Sales have been made this week ta
subject, made a report on thn subject of lthe The gi eat and unremitting exertions of the our quotations ; but they were limited in extent
poor laws. Theim re..ort briefly pointed out the fends ol Mr. Otis, afford an additional source and confined to home consumption.
evils of the pre-ent system, as well as (lie great of triumph to the advocates of sound principle. F'cig's, are still very good there is scarce-
and mnnecessarv burden which is thus imposed In loston, four federal newspaeais were ii- ly a vc.sel in port rinot enngaige. Id per lb. for
upon the indu-itrions part of our citizens, ain,!in cessantly employed, and seconded b. corres. cotton to i'nghand is ortai.ed at a word, and in

the temptations which it holds out to tie idle ponding exertions from all the federal picses one or two in stances has been declined. T w
and vicious to rely upon public bounty instead ui the couImriy. Thousands of dollars ane said cent- to Framne.
of looking to their own industry and economy to have becn expended by the federal anstoc- Sc/c.,.ti nd. E.c hn.'e.--Some small sales of
as the means of sipporl. It also observed that, racy of Boston, in the circulation of pamphlets U. S. 6 per cets have been made since tho
besides thie radical defects of the system, there and newspapers ; among iinich, were cnume books were opened, at very low rates, but we
were other points wlich required remedy, as rated a large editionI o a woik purporting to bo do not consi or them as -., '. a fair quota-
much of the expense now arising from the poor a defence of the H artford Convenltion. Not a lion. U. S. Bank Stock, as well those of our
laws resulted from removals of paupers and use- citizen of Boston escaped a personal applica- Local Baiik-generally, have experienced astil!
less litigation between towns. li order to act lion, from some psrsoii friend of Mr. Otis; further decline. IE-xchange oun Enlgland has
with discretion on this subject, it was proper to and individuals of wealth and extensive busi- fallen to 5 per cent. plliem.; and ale.s cold not
have all the light which could be furnished by ness, are said to have resorted to thile detesta- be ell'ected even at tinu low rate. We quote
the experience of our own and of other states. ble expedient of threatemig to withdraw their bills on tlie north as it iour last. Some arn
For this purpose it would be proper to collect piatronago from those tlhes employed, unless on higher rates, but sales at any advance on ou.
tbe several expenditures for the poor in the va- condition of their voting for thie Cl'edral candi- qiotatious must be very few.
nous towns of tie state, the success of the di!- (late. Opposed to this might\ combination, Hills at sight. on iuoston, NewYork, andPhi-.
furent experiments of country poor houses, were two newspapers in Boston and three or ladels.hia, 1-2 a I per cent. prein. ; 30 days,
houses of -industry, &c. and also such official four in tie country, which made a temperate par a 1 2 per cout. prom.; 60 days, para 1-'
information from other states as would show the and digmlfied appeal to the good sense of tso: pe cent. di,. -
practical operation of their systems. The pres- people, and ollferd not a single assertion un- .-shcs.-We learn that there w-nas a brisk dc-
sure of business rendered it improper to act on supported by fact. and lor pot a.hes in llhis n market at thie close of
the subject at this period of the session, and l'ho success of Mr. Iustis may be viewed as thie past vteek, di thaint the article is very scarce.
with thie little accurate information now before another triumph for Mr. Alams in t1assachu- It should be quo latsql0 a 175; pearlsat
thie House. The committee, therefore recom- setts. lihe federal papers descanite largely a I65.--> r Pal. 'st.
mend thle following resolutions, viz: upon the importance of this election, in conn'rc- *,'i I.
Resolved, (if the Senate concur herein) That tion uwil that of lthe Prsitdency ; and upon thle onday even by the Rev. Dr. Phoebus,
the Secretary of State be instructed to collect impon tance of having Ior a Clhief magistrate, ur. Jacob T. Doy, o the firm of Van runt &
from the several towns, cities and counties of one who would actively co-operatewii thie na- ot', to Miss Charity ;. Willets, all of this city.
this state, such Information as may be necessa- tional government in mcasuresof general utiily. On Sunday evening last, by the l.lev. Doctor
ry to give a distinct view of the expenses and The li u.joriy of hlie people, and all tihe repub- Powiers, John Mioran, Esq. to Miss Eliza Breunan,
operation of the laws for the relief and settle- licans, making this doctrine for a guide, decided- boehi of thlls city.
ment of the poor, and also such information ly opposed ihr Otis, as they remembered his
from other states with respect to their pour bitter opposition to Mr. Adamr, and the dishike, \VIEILY. l M'ttt" t01 1 Ct IDEATIIS.
laws as may show the effect of those systems, not to s ,ay contempt, of ,\tr. Adins to him. No The' iy cor n- ets the death Oi t Iersous
and suggest improvements In our own ; and tliat elector in this state, tavourabli dis;,pusd towards dhl ti ien, e ino eni, alurday, nd Ih girlsist.
unitin' Sir. nu-Illell, 1 \'oInrer, td 1 ,o s,; i nd 8 girls. Of
lie communicate a digest or abstract of such in- IUr. Adams, could consoientiouin vote for u1r. nhoalm 9 'lle of or under thie of'e 'e I year, 5 be-
fomation to thbe next legislature. Otis, unless willing to have for a governor, a t,,ecnu I and 2, S between i2 and -, I between 5 arnd
Resolved, (if the Senate concur herein,) That man whom this great and honesst suateinan 10. I bee'ven 10 and 8t, t 'tweeun 20 ind 30, 11 be-
the Secretary of State and Attorney General be would nut ltust. l1 any one ca h avhe- b cedl ts tuee a0/d 'at0 he, en i tn 40 ; i; A-, betw-an i, 5
required to prepare such law o,- laws ou the sub- that Mrlt. Xdamns was the candidate o tle J plex, I ; casualty, I; ctarrhin, Ia ; conus0. uiptsuieo, 14
ject of paupers as from the information so col- thie complete prostration of that nmischievous convtulshin s, '; dropsy, n ; dropsy in tlle ihead, 1
elected they may judge necessary and proper, aristocracy, by the very people soproud of their dlownd, 1 ; fIver tiu h.ui i fr ib It oin ui I ; hIive-
and report thie same ior thle consideration of thIe preference fur Mr. Adams, m ust nlow convince Ir t r' ii irn of in ain u i i flc in a c S2 m i 1 l
next legislature. hlum of hlls error., l lu tio, 4n; lltintin e ain 1 ; inamu.ln 1 nrtiv eus
Mr. Augur reported against thie propriety [o Tlhe aristocracy of Massaclhusetts has of lile disease, I t old agt:e I sttlhiin. ; trbes nreseo-
having a second meeting for the purpose of been failing, and is now fast tumbling in rluls. ericac. 5; rvoiica, ; uunlknnown, I.
electtig a cerik in the county 'of ilockland. ls eriu.in.es are 'nt rcnubl.bn ius dloctr;es. u, n.-:c1 .Ni,, .ity inpe-or


Y~YI~U ~i~



'--- naI little mad occutrred. itfina bad been at
0 f1& &2 ~ I g LuBnn Iarcelonna to procure a supply of money, with
,-hich to' had renturnedl to the~ frontier. lie re5

T'i!'ERlII))AY EV! 1.N. G, N .AI IL 7 !7 3.

By the arrival last evening of tIhe fast sailing
line ship Cadmus, in 33 da:.ys from Ilare, we
have received our regunik:r fies of Paris papers
to the 13th of Mlarcl elusive. They continue
the accounts of preparations for immediate hos-
lilies, and furnish a few additional particulars
of geniiral interest in the existing state of Eu-
ropean affairs. o doubt existed that war
must ensue, and the period for opening the
campaign was variously stated from the 1st to
the 12th of April. T'he Journal des Debats,"
the moderate, royalist paper, of the 13lh, says,
"' The ill consequences necessarily consequent
to a war with Spain are too generally known
and too ivell appreciated to -permit us to an-
nounce without extreme regret that the last
hopes of peace are almost entirely extinguished."
The same paper also contains an article (uncon
tradicted in substance) from the Courier
Francais," which states that on the 10th the
French funds fell 2 per ct.-the ascribed cause
was the certainty of hostilities. The Duke of
Reggiu left Paris on the 12th for Bayonne;
The Count d'Escars, aid to the Duke of Angou-
leme on the 13th; his Royal Highness was to
set out on the 15th of March. The Royalist
papers contain circular proclamations of some
of the different commanders of the National
Guard in Paris, reprobating the conduct of the
detachment which refused to use force in the
Chamber of Deputies for the expulsion of Ma-
nuel. The Constitutionnel" observes that
these officers may entertain and express
-what opinions they please oa the subject, it will
not prevent others from thinking the reverse."
The sub-officer commanding, M. Mercier,"
was to be trieo by a court martial, in compli-
ance with orders of the Count Clermont Ton-
nere," Commandant of Paris.
We find in the Constitutionnel of the 11i th of
March tlie following letter on the same ques-
tion from our venerable defender and friend,
La Fayette ;-
"The order of tihe day' inserted in the Mo-
niteur, and signed by the Colonel of the 4th
Legion, aflirms that itle institution of the Na-
tional Guard bears a particular character of
unlimited devotion to the government. It be-
longs to one of the National Guard of 1789 to
rectify this assertion. The National Guard'
was established for the assertion and support of
liberty, equality and civil order. Having given
to the nation the opportunity of choosing its
own government, the National Guard became
the guarantee of the independence of France,
as it would have been again if the powers who
succeeded each other in 1814 and 15 had cho-
sen to trust themselves to an armed nation, as
would be done at this day with common accord,
I hope, should the powers of Pilnitz and Lay-
bach invade our territory.
Born the enemy to despotism, of aristocra-
cy and anarchy, the National Guard has defend-
ed the constituted authorities of the nation; it
has projected our persons, our property and opi-
nions. It would choose that the adversaries of
the ,revoluction were doubly overcome by the
energy of the French people, and by their gen-
The National Guard would have had the ho-
nour to save Louis 16th, if the privileged faction
at home and abroad had permitted him to be
once more saved by his compatriots.
One of the greatest gratiications of my life
has been to retrace, in the memorable session
of the 4th of March, the sentiments which ere
ated the national guard in 1789 ; which confe-
derated four millions of armed citizens in 1790 ;
which have manifested themselves in several
later occasions; and of which the guard of
1823, by the noble conduct of M. Mercier and
his worthy comrades, has just given so honour-
able and patriotic an evidence.
The precautions of guarding the entrance to
the Chamber of Deputies continued to be pre-
served. On the 8th of March but five or six of
the members of the left side were present, and
but ten or twelve of the left centre. After
some unimportant business, the Chamber wasn
adjourned to the 14th. We perceive no indi-
cations of ferment in the public mind, nor any
further cause for party excitement, except the
reception of Gen. Foy (one of the liberal mem-
bers) at a public examination at the Sorbonne,
where the scholars and auditory saluted his
entrance with acclamation. This trifling cir-
cumstance seems to have given ground for cornm-
plaint to the royalists.
The accounts from Spain are to the 5thI March,
at which date the King had finally signed a de-
cree, confirming the authority of the ministry
whom he had tiice displaced and restored, and
issued a proclamation announcing that war was
definitively resolved on, and that the Spanish
government was about to adopt the most effici-
ent means to repel every aggression on its rights.
Another decree also orders the transfer of the
seat of government to Badajoz, whither the King
was also to repair. Badajoz is a strongly forti-
fled military station, on the frontier of Portugal
and from its position forms a strong central point
for thIe direction of thIe military operations
that may be extended through the different
provinces of Spain. ThIe English minister had
signified to the Spanish government that he had
been ordered by his Court to follow the person
of the King. The ordinary session of the Spa-
nish Cortes was opened on thIe 1st of March.
Owing to indisposition, cause as is stated by
the agitation of the previous days, the King was
unable to attend in person, but transmitted his

speech through the Minister of the Interior. It
is of course but the language of his ministry,
and echoes the opiinons and feeling of the na-
tion. The state of the country at large is pro-
naunced on the whole favourable, and the ap-
proaching contest spolk n of with calmness and
confidence in the justice of their cause and the
resources and disposition of the nation to repel
foreign invasion. We find little said of theI
-guerilla warfare, and consequently presume

quired S60,000, and received without hesitation
80,000. The royalist forces, or the squadrons
of the faith, appear to have retired within the
French frontier, where efforts were making to
organize them prior to the opening of the cam-
paign. Baron d'Erolles was occupied in effecting
this; and an article dated Perpignan, lst March,
says, in respect to the same subject, The
Count de Verges, aid to the Minister of War,
arrived here last night, and has taken lodgings
for some time. Hle is charged with the import-

under the walls of' Larissa during ihe month of
Another article, dated Mlissalonghi, the 17thi
January, gives a detailed account of an attack
on that place by Omer Pacha and his Albanian
troops, in which the latter were defeated, after
a desperate conflict with the loss of 1500 men.
The retreat of the Turks was so precipitate that
all their artillery, camp equipage and baggage,
was abandoned. This action led to the suc-
cessful exploit mentioned' in the preceding ar-
ticle. A subscription had been opened for
the Greeks in Paris, and the Constitutioonel
mentions that Mlr. Edward Blaquierc passed
t r ih 0-1- it 0- ](0 -il np f11

ant minission of organizing teJ l ands ef mhe through t at11 city on tein 1ti i win u one o t Ie
Faith.' Those officers, it is said, who can most distinguished officers of the Greek Chief
neither read nor write are to be made to serve Mauracordato, on his wvay from London through
as commno soldiers until they shall have meinited 1Marseilles to Missaloughi, to open a direct
restoration to their places by gaining the requi- communication between the Greek authorities
site information. It is said here that the same and thle London committee appointed to assist
measures have been- adopted at the capital, and their cause, amoug whom was Lord Erskine
that Iharon d'Erolles is to send to each regiment, and other distinguished men and members of
for the education of its-officers, the books which Parliament. These proceedings indicate a
have been supplied to him in Paris." The wri- more favourable close to the Greek insurrection
ter then proceeds to felicitations on the prospect than its progress and the unassisted efforts and
that the benevolent system of the French Go- destitute condition of that deserted people led
vernment, in thus instilling the rudiments of us to hope for. With money and arms, and the
learning into its ignorant allies, would be at- aid of military counsel, we may confidently

tended with tie happiest effects, and contribute
much to diminish the atrocities of Spanish war-
fare. One of the royalist guerilla chiefs (Misas)
is in the predicament above stated, not having
acquired his letters, and a hope is expressed
that, after he has learned to read and write, has
studied military regulations, and the memoirs of
the French officers, he will no longer cut the
throats of his countrymen, and carry horror
and desolation through his native land." This
procedure, we believe, is a novelty in military
tactics, and we should think was likely to
reflect as much credit on the benevolence as
on the warlike sagacity of the Bourbons.-
The same article from which we have taken
the above says-" In the mean time Spain is

expect tmeir final success.
Among the old officers of Buonaparto who are
also to have commands in the approachi-ng war,
we perceive Marshall Moncey.
An Iron Road was about to be constructed,
communicating through the department of La
Loire, from the river of that name to the Rhine.
The celebrated actor, John Kemble, died at
Lausanne on the 5th of March, at the age of
67. IHe had resided in Switzerland with his
sister, Mrs. Siddons, for the last two years.
Mr. Calvetti, a distinguished Pielmontese,
was engaged in embodying a regiment of his
countrymen for the defence of Spain.
Mina had issued a proclamation forbidding
the .rebuilding of Castelfollit. I have. de-

preparing for the contest. The Political Chiefs creed (says that stern patriot) that it shall be
have distributed commissions for the command erased from the map of Europe, and the honor

of guerilla parties to many of the most intrepid
Catalans. Each officer is charged with the
formation of his own troop ; the troops will be
independent, and carry on the war at their own
expense, taking care to receive as recruits all
those soldiers of the Faith who may not relish
the French school discipline." All the royalist
forces had been ordered to retreat to the French
lines. The Spaniards were making arrange-
ments to harass their enemies where they are
most vulnerable-at sea. An article of the
Madrid Expectadord' gives official notice that
the ministry had made provision for granting
" letters of marque" at all the different sea
ports. The apprehensions of the French seem
to be much alive on this point, and we perceive
that at Marseilles a number of vessels which
had been partly laden and prepared for sea
were again unloaded and laid up. At Havre
also the alarm was great, and from the nature
and extent of the preparations for defence, a
rupture with England was apprehended. This
event was also thought to be in soue degree
indicated by the return home of a great num-
ber of the English who had been temporary
residents or travellers in France. The Con-
stitutionnel" of the 13th contains an able com-
munication from a London correspondent on
the probable policy of the English ministry,
from which the following passages may be deem-
ed by the French people and government of
sufficient authority to aggravate their appre-
hensions of a maritime war. The writer, (and
he is evidently one of talents and information,)
after speculations on the views of the adminis-
tration and the peculiar interests of the nation,
arrives at the following conclusion as to the
course that will not be pursued in the existing
emergency :-
The ministry (says lie) will not a second
time let slip the occasion offered by. the present
crisis, of putting ourselves at the head of a na-
tural league of the constitutional against the
despotic governments. We shall neither be so
blind to our own interests, nor to those of Eu-
rope, as connected with our own.
"They will not permit the French marine,
by a new family compact, to erect itself once
more in formidable array against us, and form
the 11 i .-point of a maritime confederation
against the British empire. In the -North Sea
as in the Dardanelles, they will never suffer
Russia to become a maritime power, and to
encircle Europe with her ships as she now does
with her battalions. They will never permit
her to acquire colonies in America, in Asia, or
in the Mediterranean Sea. In pursuing this
course they will but follow the current of pubit
lie opinion, in guarding the essential public in-
There are several indications of more import
than those we have alluded to, which show that
the neutrality of England may depend on cir-

of the nation in whose name I spoke is interest-
ed in the fulfillment of my assertion.'"
One of the royalist chiefs (Francis Coll) had
been shot at Barcelona for his atrocities. The
effect on his fellows and their monkish instiga-
tors is stated to have been salutary.
The Austrian army was to be reduced 25,000
men, principally by diminishing the actual force
of the regiments that had composed the armies
of occupation in Naples and Piedmont.

To the kindness of a friend we are indebted
for one of the latest Price Currents from Havre,
to which we refer, under the head of our Com-
mercial Record, those of our readers whom it
may interest, as well as to the statement which
they will there find of (lie rates of duties on
American produce, in French and American
ships, established in conformity to the Conven-
tion of June last.
On Monday last, Josiah Quincy, Esq. was
elected Mayor of Boston by a majority of 114
votes over Mr. Blake, the Republican candi-
date. Messrs. Odiorne, Child, Benjamin, Pat-
terson, Baxter, Eddy, flooper, and Orr, are
elected Aldermen for lthe ensuing political year.

The subscriptions at Philadelphia to the De-
laware and Chesapeake Canal appear to ad-
vance but slowly. Only 81l,000 had bIeen
added yesterday to the 22,000 subscribed on the
first day by four public spirited individuals.
By an arrival at bag-Harbour from St. Sal-
vador, we learn that the Brazilians attacked
the latter place on the 16th of Feb. and were
repulsed, with from two to three hundred kdlied
on both sides. It was known that theo Dr .zilian
fleet had sailed from Rio, and wcre to land some
miles to windo;ward of that po1rt.

The schr. Wesley, Captain L-umley, of Alex-
andria, (D. C.) bound for the coast of Florida,
having on board letters for Com. Porter's squin-
dron, was driven ashore on Ocracock Bar during
the late gale, and totally lost, with all the crew,
except the IMate.

The fion. Ward Chipuani (late a Britic;e
commissioner to settle the northenit bound.ti.
of the U. States, under the treaty of Ghent.i)
was invested on the Ist instant with the admi-
nistration of thie government of the prinvi c(
of New-lvrinswick, in the room of General G.
Stracey Smyth, lately decensed.

.'ct-Orleans T'l'nTealricals.-Mr. Cooper hl:v
arrived at New-Orleans. h-r. Dwyvr han d clni
menced an engagement there withll Mr. Calid-
werll' comnpauy which is slated to be respect-
able. The musical family of the Lewis' closed
their performance in thal t city on tlie 17thi nIl.

Letters from Blakely to thte 2:lth March stale
that Cotton was fadt accumulating at that place,
and no vessels to take it away. It was 'expictied
rf hitsn tIo N ew-V ,.r ,n,,,,l .... ,1 .

cumstances, and fully justify the apprehensions '
of those who must fall the first sacrifices to such Capt. Samuel '..'alrh, ol ahliwava, (N.J.) ivas
an event. drowned on Friday afternoon, while on his way
The Portuguese appear disposed to take the to this city in the sloop Thrasher. fie was put-
most efficient measures to aid in the common Ling a stop on the mainsail, when Ihe rope broke
cause of defence. At a session of the Cortes and he fell backwards froinm ih quarter-deck.
on the 22d of February, the minister of war &:- In compliance irilh n instruction from
declared that the regular army could be at once the Postmaster General, the Southern Mail wrl
increased to 50,000 men; recommended the after the 20th instant, be closed at two o'clock,
instant organization of the national guard for P. I. TIiEO. BAILEY, Posttmaster.
internal protection and defence ; and concluded Pust-Office, New-Yoi k, April ICth.
by assuring Spain of the cordial co-operation of
the Portuguese nation. The extent of aid had i O)^ The Contractors of the Street Manure
not, however been decided; the Cortes were are desirous of removing all the dirt heaped
occupied in discussing the propositions of the promptly before sunset of the sweeping days,
minister, and particularly request the citizens to have

Trieste, Feb. 27.-Dy letters from Corfu to
the Oth February, we have received accounts
from Messalonghi. The brave Bozzaries and
his son had advanced on Vrachori, the capital
of Etolia. The Turks dared not accept the
offered combat, but retreated to the town,
which they endeavoured to defend. The fight
was pursued in the streets with great slaughter.
The Turks sought refuge in the houses, from
whence tht3y were expelled by setting- fire to
them, and tihe whole perished in the flames or
were cut to pieces. After this glorious success,
the Greeks hope to concentrate all their forces

thie strout in tront of Iheir houses sweeped and
heaped before 10 o'clock in the morning, as
directed by law, arid the same will be attend-
ed to,

Every day rings witith complaints relative
to our dirty streets, and thle hlaiue, en a a.sw, is
heaped upon the cont, actors. 1ut t the triut t ,
tie lault lies with thie public, Our citizi.-is do
not do their duly. The contractors ant nol
obligated to take away what is not scrapeild ilo
heaps; sweeping forms no part of their lily.
Take Broadway, for example, and I will vci i-
tiore to assert, without fear of cootr adict i,
tltat there is not more than one hcL in t;;;i i

,.r.,.y tiolti s, by tt' Ruev.t Ih. Prlkinslon, aIIves. a ou ought to recollect that, anong other dli'acter am resoores Ol me staie.
, i- .v. icihI,as Jo.l, ,i .,, N. to i noortant dtli confided to them, they are to lr. Sudaml was in favour of the amendment.
1,1 It l.,Ieldest daugihiTer of t'l ate General .Jl"u choose for you the President of the United 5Stales. The committee rose.
lIt- vliint. iy t"in Illv Win Ill in, Mr 1 'I l subject, sof r aas Virgmnia is cooce-rned, will
Icol,"c. l.vog,i I,'.is \mRevinWl,l A. lo'ec.l ll, e11 s-, ihe settled noex winter by ouri state legi tslature.-- VWe never expected to find Mr. Noah playing
id,- hien of lhcnri W 1',', -.-,ll, all of ilua Imyt. You know that we vote by general ticket, and second fiddle to any body, and least of all to his .,
..-....t inthat this ticketLt is arranged by caucus i ll he o- b t ti well
Ill.li, ;;'ilature. IThe elector's thlat ac rerecommunended by no u nian of' straw ;n bat polities, as ell as
1()1 Monday lat, 5r'. 'ret.drick Ia-uselb, in Itie tuis caucus are IlletgOd to vot e for ait Uticular misery, make us acquainted with "strange bcd-
; ,,I ar of Ihi a;.eC. Mr. It. waI a unai've ot I"E.- nat: ilor preoidclut. If one third of the people of fellows," and often place us in very unexpected
I'l Lii.t Gerfianyi, alid bevln lintelnil.e fiw the pro- thie state were unanimously to vote tor any their dic ents. J. ner, i is ast pa
t oln te liii law, r-ccived, a classical etl1cation Iman LhI n tUIe one reconuendel by the cauLcus, it Pc nts.1. C. SL- r, in is a
t lthe nier:ily of that city ; but l pl, ni lo- would avail noLhing-tiheir voice would not b cites f-romn tle seni-wee'kly .tl:,n Il l.
miis: was a pwor'l'tl that hits fried sils v re jind- heard. Of course you iusl vote tor the general an article ntfavourablL to G rnuuour o'lnl~imi.in',
ced so I eliinql h ti.ir tdelg2'n with regr: d t1, iin, ticket, or noLt ote' at all. Under thi, s general t :
td I t allow huln to follow hit s natural and tiivour- ticket law, tlthe whiol weight of the stall must be written, wttO b-y the prc.alnt dintor. 11'.-'" t ye,'1

te '*~jitii. t5. un l055'in3 colle-i3I.'cr

61VQII tv Qeec aractr a 6w. el-dec nut- kdIcvabeforettt' 'l!'- e cte5. ~. 'oll

Iv ll il ... .... ..... .. .. .. .... .

that has its front swept regularly; nay, some- mincedd his study of music under one oi the most tfiv system, ppronaps ii- is ial rigt. M'y oitjc.-
times whole blocks in succession suffer the dirt eminent masters in that place, and after becoming is 1ot now to diiouiu whethi; it is or not. Such i-
to lie undisturbed, and accumulating before a proficient in the science, he went to RIussia, al- tii hjl:', ail it nolt be oe: d. It is nov.w too late,
their doors, for weeks. ternately residing at St. Petersburg and Moscow, as it resIords the a.pproaeli election, to discuss
I do not say there is no defalcation on the and nI the exercise of ils profusion received not whether it is founded upon correct principles or
part of the contractors, but I do say, that if our only public encoiura-5'eme.l, bit many complimen- not. i;yy ijehrit i tpr c.t 1is merely to call vyoet
citizens would be half as vigilant over them- taoy testimonials of a;.po h itio iiaomu the then atteint.io to tihe c,/ofl tltI: laXV, which l hasl tins..-
selves as they are over tle contractors, w re ignil soveeign, Catharaine I. tHe tlrt lussia ferred thel power otf hoo-n the president from
si s h pe yt see the c h racte w t y omewLefre saout the year 1793, and passit ithro' u'r 1 hands into the h:-d of theo. 1 i ., that
mig ht ope to see the character of or city for London. cae to the United States. and ettled ill, el 1y see t priA of ,ttend ing a little to
cleanliness redeemed. Let each block form a eyork, of w hitchcity he hasI la t t is j t t hens l;ee tiin lcr j 1 -t- f
separate combination, and see that their front ever since. In his profession he ranked aiming rcpreenlt you in the st:ue l,-gis;atrc. e. .. ..
is regularly swept on the mornings appointed by the first in the country, and as a teacher of music you wili to see elic I. Iresidprient of the U. States?
the Corporation. Give the contractors a fair was highly appreciated arid dilv encouraged. A I Tol 'ilttinlgulshed ui ndividual are you prepared_
chance, and then if they do not do their duty, regular bre-d organist, he oficiated in that capaci- to g ive your sutrgi,-'. to thi- 'ti highest office in
let a complaint against them be entered to the ty for many years, both in'SL. Paul's Chapel alnd the gift ofl thle Anurian lnatioi ?
Corporation Attorney. But if the people will in Grace Church, with perfect satisfaction to his It iq tuine that you should speak out, if you mea1
not of their own accord do their part in this auditors ; for, taught in the school of Se)bastiani to speak at all upon tin- subject. It is time that
business-then let the sircet inspectors be faith- LBach, of whom he was a most passionate admirer, your op1liiOns should \hi tio-ned, f you intend to
ful to their trust. L. h0 never lost sight of the striking characi trisatics hiav any particip..lio: in tlh ple-ldential elec-
of his great master, nor practised nor tolerated lion. After next Aprilri l yon miny close your lips
that modern style of fingering, now so much in ilnciiee. All tlhe poxwvr you have upon this
At the general meeting of the citizens, held vogue, which would reduce the organ to tile level subject will thieni be in the rnds of your repr-
on the Ist instant, a resolution was passed, di- of the piano forte. In his intercourse with socie- sentat le in theI stale legisliiure.
rectling the Chairman and Secretary to express ty he was somewhat reserved, preferring an inti- Call forth then your mien of talent, arnd integri-
the thanks of the meeting to the members of mate association with a few friends, to a general ty at the en uing election, and ask them to serve
assembly from this city, for their firm and de- and extended acquaintance ; and being of an in- you for one sess on at least at this important peri-
cided opposition to thie proposed system of taxa- quisitive mind, and extensive historical as well as od-demand of them their opinions in relation to.
tion, and for the able protest that they offered general reading, he was always an entertaining, the presidential candidates, and instruct them to-
ag-ainst its adoption. and oft-times an instructive companion. Rigid whom they are to give their support in the caucus
'IThe following is the note which accompanied and punctilious in his deportment, hie never took of the legislature where this subject will be final-
the resolution, with the reply of the delegation : an undue liberty with another, nor suffered the ly settled next winter, so far as the voice of Vir-
h r o sliglhtest freedom to be take u with him, without ginia is to have any influence.
To Messrs. John Morss, Giulian C. Verplanck, being repulsed or resented. In his dealings he The period, fellow-citioens, is an important
Philip Brasher, Gideon Lee, Joshua Hyatt, was exact to a fault, of inflexible honesty and one. The next administration will probably have,
Saml. S. Gardiner, John Rathbone, Jr. Jesse undeviating truth ; though from the very nature to contend with the arrogant pretentious of the*'
Hoyt, JohnL. Broome and Win. A. Thomp- of his profession and employment he had as ex- coalesced tyrants of Europe who are at this time
son. tensive an acquaintance as most persons in the marching to ". desolate Spain, to restore thie altars
NEW-YORK, April 2d, 1823. city, he was perhaps less known than any one in of a barbarous superstition, and to extinguish,
Gentlemen-The foregoing resolution was it. In his passage through life, he felt its vici- there the celestial light which had burst upon the
unanimously adopted, last evening, at one of the situdes and changes, and combated its adversities human mind." In this great contest every friend
most numerous meetings of our lollow-citizens, and crosses; yet it has been his singular good for- of human liberty must feel deeply interested. It
ever convened in this city. tune to "jostle no one in his way," nor to leave an is a struggle for self-government against the most
We have great pleasure, Gentlemen,in being enemy behind him. If an intimacy of many powerful and the most unrighteous combination
made the organ of a communication so agreeable years standing can qualify the writer to form an of overbearing despots that the civilized world has
S o f a opinion, and serve to guarantee the justness of this ever witnessed. How far we are ultimately to be
to our own feelings and sentiments, and pray notice, he will not fear an imputation of eulogy, affected by it, time alone can determine.
you to accept the assurance of our individual At Charleston, Mir. Jared S. Hazard, of New- VIRGINIUS.
respect and esteem. We are, Gentlemen, re- London, (Ct) aged about 27, mate of the schooner give force to te above are
spectfully, your obedient servants. Angenora, Captain Pike, from New-York. The causes which give force to the above are
STEPHEN ALLEN, Ch'n. stronger here than in Virginia, for there the
PHILIP HoNE, Sec'y. I A f people have a second opportunity of expressing
REPLY. their will in the choice by a general ticket of
To the Honourable Stephen Allen, Chairman, FRIDAY EV-ENING, APRIL 18. PtI3 the Presidential electors; while here we have
and Philip Hone, Esq. Secretary, of the meet-
ing of the citizens of Nev-York : Although we do not concur on all points in no resource, and whatever be the public senti-
Albany, April 8th.1823. the theory of Virginia politics, yet we have seen meant it can have little avail after the next
Gentlemen,-The membersof Assembly from little to disapprove of in their practice. What election. Let us then while we have the pow-
the city and county of New-York, have the little to disapprove of in their practice. What election Let s th hile we hav the p-
honour to acknowledge the receipt ofyour better is done in that state in relation to public affairs er use it, and when we part with it let us know
of the 2d instant, inclosing a copy of a resolu- is done openly and boldly ; they proclaim their with whom it is placed.
tion passed at a public meeting of the citizens objects, and pursue them vigorously and direct- The following sketch of legislative proceed-
of New-York, approving the course we pursued
in relation to the Tax Bill now before tIe legis- ly ; with them there is little chicane orintrigue ; ings is given in the Albany Daily Advertiser.
lature. It is peculiarly gratifying to us, that their politicians tell the people their principles We regret that they were not reported more at
our conduct.on an occasion so important and and views, and manfully appeal to public senti- length, as we understand from several gentle-
interesting to our fellow citizens, has met their meat for the support they claim. We wish we men who were present that the speech of Mr.
approbation. And for thIe niendly manner in o h
which you have been pleased to communicate could say so here; we wish we could compli- King was an eloquent and very conclusive re-
the sense of that meeting, we tender you our meant our leading men with the same sincerity futation of the arguments of justice or policy
greatest acknowledgements, and assure you of and open dealing, and that we could say that by which it has been attempted to support the
our individual regard and system. New-York Republicanism bore in the charac- Tax Bill. In justice to the gentleman above
By order of the Delegation,
JOHN MOReSS, Chairman. ter and conduct of its managers as high a repu- named, we may state, (as we do confidently and
station as is justly due to that of Virginia. It is advisedly,) that if the more odious and oppres-
Extracts from the Hamburg Exchange List, not so, however. The tone to Virginia politics sive provisions of the Tax Bill be stricken fromri
recently received at the office ol the Aurora:
Two Americans reside at Owaihi at present, was given by men of high views and enlarged it, this city and the state are essentially indebt-
both of whom are married to native women.- minds, while our parties have received their ed therefore to his exertions and influence, both
One of them, Aaron Hlolmes, is from Massa- character from those whose talents and princi- in the committee of the Senate and in that body
chusetts, and aged about 26 years. tHe is mar- ples were of a secondary cast. itself.
tried to the daughter of the late King, by whom
he has six daughters. lie was agent to the late The contrast we have adverted to has been An abstract of the debate in Senate, April 11,
King, his father-in-law, and continues to be so forcibly presented to us in the different man- the lOth section of the tax bill being under,
to the present King. lie furnishes to the ships ner with which the two states approach the consideration.
that touch at that place such articles as they Mr. King said, the select committee to whom
many want, ard tals in return s cloth ad other Presidential question. In Virginia, political this bill was referred, after an arduous and ma-
may want, aad takes in return cloth and other I
art tiles. The natives call him Uncle Hiomier, men boldly announce the principles which they ture investigation, reported unfavourably to its
The name of he other person is I. Ross, from deem essential in the President, and say that no general features. The question the senate are
Providence: hlie has lived three years in Owaihi. man without them ca receive the vote of the called upon to decide, resolves itself into this ob-
vious principle : is it equitable or politic to tax-,
A letter from Canton mentions that the Man- state. In their elections each candidate avows bank stock and property in the hands of agents ?
marines, in their accountof lle fire, represented his partialities and the policy he will adopt, and The amendments proposed by the committee
the damages as less than they were, from some makes his appeal .directly to the sympathies of obviated those features in the original bill. In
notio of police, but that it wasa fact that the is fellow citizens. Here our party leaders ap presenting their substitute, the committee anti-
unlmber of houses destroyed was between 9 and fellw citizens. Her or party leaders ap- cipated opposition to it. The question that in-
10,000, and hundreds of persons perished.- pear' to wish to avoid tlhe question, lest they evolved so deeply the vital interest of a large
Many of the boats on the river were burnt. should go wrong; they seem to think that they proportion of the state, had created extraordi-
The loss of property was estimated at 15,000,- and the state are to play but a secondary part, nary excitement without the walls of the sen-
000, most of which was owned by the Chinese, ate; butl he conjured members to devest their
wIho considered the conflagration a jos pt- and to apprehend that the people should discuss, minds of every improper bias, to lose sight of
'e-non,"' orjudg'itent, and said the air was on or act on, the question, for fear of offending any prejudices or sectional jealousies that might
fire." some higher power, and running counter to have existed; to approach thle subject with.
some sovereign will they are bound to obey. liberality ; discuss it dispassionately, with fair-
I I i i ness and candor. Whatever contrariety of sen-
Is__ L".i _IA~jtL ieOk(Di Virginia, in short, acts as a state that is entitled timent might exist in the minds of members, he

ilyRxE, March 15.-We confirm our re- to dictate to the Union, and New-York seems was willing to attribute it to an honest convic-
s- c, per the lloward of the 2Eth February, satisfied to play the part of a satellite-at tion Hee would not for a moment question there
si(.ce ie have to quote a deduction of one sol least, lher leading politicians appear disposed 1ranourablnvieus of te gen thn emenuhorenter-
i oil Bowcd s prices, and 3 a 4 souls in Orleans. 11 tained an impression upon this subject different
The fist is now worth 21 a 24s. duty paid, and that se should do so. It is conceded generally from himself. It was of a nature calculated to
i,; ai ter 26 a 29s. according to the' quality.- that the vote of this state will decide the chances produce a diversity of opinion. Every mem-
S!,i. drtnand continues pretty good. Nearly of the different candidates for the Presidency ber he believed was actuated by the same devo-
I000 bales were sold yest irday. Prices of su- yet, although the election in Novemer is t tion to the best interest of the co nmnity.
g'is and ctCffeesare.,ore firin,as war wvithSpuiis Mr. King adverted to the increasing great-
u' vtveiryertaco and wl be deci ared in a very settle the question as to the state, we are noes and prosperity nof thie slat. Under the old
n ;,v very crtain, atl nd iill be declared in a vrv es
rt time. One lirge parcel of Porto icur told it is pre'nature to agitate it, and that systemrn of taxation, ithad advanced with unpre-
coffi'e was sold yesterday at 31s. in bond; the it will be time enough a year hence for cedented rapidity in the march of improvements
,t wa, pretty good. avi ana is uorth 30 the people to investigate the claims and me- wealth, happiness, and importance had been ra
ai 33.; t. Dpmingo 29 ; Brazil8 a SO. lia pidly accumulating upon her. Was it wise, Mr.
Ala sugar 65 a 70:. for while, and 45 a 50 for tits of Mr. Adams or Mr. Crawford, when K. asked, to introduce novel and untried mea-
cllow. \Ve want hirazil and East India. No at that time they will have put out'of their sures, that might obstruct her career, impair or
,aI.e to notice in rice. i)3wvoods sell well- hands tile disposal of our thirty-six votes. Of jeopardize her prosperity ? They should be ad-
-l a '2,2. is paid for Caiienacly luoood In* monilshed by experience what course to pursue.
o, 17 a 8f. duty paid. Tc her is a od. in-whut avail will it then be for the people to pre- They should be admotnshed by the greatness
,tuck ofi horse hides, and consequently sell bul feor Mr. Adams or M'I. Crawford, if their dele- and importance of thie state to do nothing that
i ith dilicully ; cow and ox contlUuesearce, aInd gaes, chosen without reference to the subject, might mar them. lie called upon Itc Senate
.uld obtain 27a2!;s. llyson tea 31t. 7c. ; shoui dillfr from them in opinion, or choose, as they to pause hetfore itn braced a measure so per-
-I in, f f20c. : iimpeiirial, 1 il. 60c.; Caassa, it ) ,tuin onnint at lic;ousi in its tendency, so obnoxious in its cha-
'I ctt, 2f. 20ce. ; in chtest, 2f. 60c. ; Bhazil co- m l do, to promote their owa interest at te. racter-a measure, hie said, tht bore with it so
S1, t-2 a 17s. Pepper do. do. Pirento sacrifice of that of tihe public, or follow their paralizing an effect upon tine agricultural and
nne. ;iown will in defiance to their constituents?- mercantile interests of thie state. A law so in-
lThe Exchiange on London is getting up What evil is to result from now discussing thie equitable, an so unequal i its oFpration, m u10
iirei m0iiliuths, el4m French stock, '7 drive from our imnarkets muncli of the monoed ca-
hree no aths, 140; Firenchi stock, 7 0t. ipretensions of the men who aspire to govern the pital of the state. iMr. King drew a glowing
Duties on Produce tf the U States. atnoin ? Can it be at any time too early to in- picture of thIe prejudicial effects which the bill
Am ships Fr.s. quIre into their characters and claims? lI would have upon the city of New-York. He
Pot P sie., tper A k. n. at. xt. f Nl 17-dc. 7 Nei-t s s o t i n adverted to heri commercial eminence. It was,
Cotili, 1. sinl A k. I 2 13-20 0.t Ne--Yrk haIs a preference, why shouh it not n sad, thecapital of that city, whose prosperity
Id ditiu r; do. (I 12 13-20 0 10 be boldly3 proclhimed, and thIe Union told whIch was thus to be depressed, that sustained the
1 e- iine 11m wt. 1l.3 of our distinguished citizens stands highest in mighty minternal imiiprovemnents which promised
si.,, i 10,0 t 5t the estimattn of our great state ? Such is the incalculable advantages to the state at large,
.aniaii muse. ,0I ki. nw. 410 .1 17-25 22.t0 andi redounded so much to her honour.
do cltedf, ;i 51 17-25 Ja.au course adopted by Virginia; and from her, in Mt-. Burt moved to strike out lthIc word agent.
To.>aeci o, g. t. 2.5 79-200 1.1 this respect at least, we might take a lesson Carried.
Ian lilt Punch, 2 2.
.i '.slax sk. t 4 22-522 0.14 wtith advantage. The following are extracts Mr. Ieardsley.-The 40th section of thlie bill,
The duty on flour is governed by that payable from an address on this subject published in the as it canere roln te Assembly, required .every
SI man, under the solemnity of an oath, to give a50
ton vhtal, ilncl lncreaces as the average pe I iichiaonid Enquirer, which are equally appli- inventory of his pIoperty. lie thought this
tf Ilhai g aoin, delrnhtotiiet at tl e-dt or ach catle to onr state, and we copy them with the feature objectionable, and ought not to be ro-
inoltlli, dtiiniiishe%, in ie section constituted byay ,
l;urg.ec. Anras, S,,issots, l -oucu and Pan .- holc that they' amy be read mithr effect:- trained ; and ie proposed, as a substitnte, ar
I li Ilorslito r i i- ut ,oath to be taken by thie assessor after the as-
lh einc or 10 per cent. on the above duties 'so 'rise EounE or vn.1A sessnent was made.
i l~ tern ie i a ises. Thri nti i't tn is thle -7' lic a(jurtiicltiltf ".e ic!ion. ts ins subject, fellow tv hr. W', heeler was friendly to thIe amendment,
complcnent of the extra dnties established by citzcn, deiand-syour souss attentiont. Ii you anrd inr order to give the Seinate an opportunity
:h I. ',,(' .lin io e iune. 11;22. have any regard to your rights and your most of acting advisedly upon it, moved to rise.
...l u.. inportsint political iintere ts, you should be ,ide Mr. King, as chairman of the select com-
oIn 'n11111 1 vn1n. lai etli, Rev nrt l 'l e at/ni tr/isne--you -should arouse your-elves mittee, felt it incumhent on himu to state, that
lil h, ua. IA.rnl, h o Miss E iueIVui, b.,ilh .l'i Il ot tne dead calm ald lt-i hargic s lumber whicil te committee did not contemplated a specific
ll..'. ', r lht pervades our old common iwealtti, auth see into taxatioa of bank stock. Suirtt a mlelisure, inor
t usd e,,'ni, last, by ihe Rev MIr. Chase, w lose Ihanrds the inportmant power will be placed, their opinion, mould must seriously allect the
the :'-lilliii :w II, tiils Atn ilnesiien. ii l l w t bu cxei cie.i- hy 5onm' next treerse it- ,. .


as a proof of our real. sentiments at the time,I a Princess of Bavaria, and will thereby become
and consequently of the inconsistency or hypo- the brother-in-law of his father. [coCI
erisy of our professions since. This Mr. Noah Capt. Sabine, who was recently in this city, Uni
retails at second hand against us here, accom- is about embarking from England for Spitzberg, .es
panied with a few of his own sagacious observ- for the purpose of making observations to dcter-
ations and reflections, not a whit wiser than mine more correctly the true figu'rc of the earth. Fivs.
those of John C. ; thus establishing, if proof .Prine.on Culee.--Prfesor" Lindsiy, Tf .,,
were wanted, the identity of their common Princeton (.'o i., in a late discourse, slte
views, and the similarity of their respective the following extraordinary facts:
talents. --
talents. 1" For more than thirty years past certainly
As we stated above, the article quoted by the not a single dath has occurred among the stu
two brethren of the same principle was not writ- dents of this institution, (the College of N er- Fiv
dents of this institution, (the College of N. Jer-
ten by ourselves, nor do we know who was the sey,) nor have I been able to ascertain that Unt
author. The American, at its first establish- ve been in-,
such an event has ever been witnessed in Nas- N.-
ment as a semi-weekly paper, was under the sa -Hall" A'l'
direction of three persons, and received the Mi,,h
contributions of a number of others, which Mr. Charles Steele, a grocer at the corner of .u"i
were published as editorial; consequently, the Broome and Cannon-streets in this city, deiibe- PI, B:
only responsibility that ought to attach to any rarely took his gun on Wednesday, and fired it,
of those nominally editing the paper was that of loaded with slugs, at his wife who was standing

using a common vehicle for the expression of in the street, inicn
their opinions. We repeat, then, that the arti- above the elbow. F
cle quoted was riot written by us ; and our wor- cut hsis own throat s(
thy opponents, if they are actuated by a spirit ved but a short time
of fairness, will correct the impression wnici) a of age, in comfortab
contrary belief must necessarily produce, sustained a fair chi
quarrelled with his wi
Mr. Noah this morning congratulates the tings of the Court, co
Republicans of Massachusetts in having achiev- I and battery, and whi
ed a glorious triumph over Mr. Otis and the fatal catastrophe.
Hartford Convention, forgetting that two or
three weeks since he ascribed this event in an- A letter from News
ticipation to Mr. Otis and the Hartford Con- brig Resign, says--'
ventionists themselves, who were to be defeat- Tobacco, 1 1-4 to 3 1
ed purposely to promote Mr. Adams' cause.- is dull of sale, owing
Which of the two opinions of the Advocate ex- money. Freights, I
presses the true sense of its editor ? or has he wvise; to Liverpool,
any definite sense on the subject?se.

Court .dtartial.-A court martial, of which Letters from Pernr
Brigadier General A!.kinson is President, con- latter part of Februar
vened at Baton Rouge, La. on the 7th of March refused any longer t
and demanded a char
for the trial of Col. Matthew Arbuckle of the to that of the United S
seventh regiment of U S. Infantry. It is not they wished to place ot
known particularly what charges have been and one ntegro, so as
preferred against that officer; all that is known popl"ttlot equal rig
a skirirmish took places
is, that his officers have been quarrelling willthi troops of the govern
him for the last tiro ortthree years, and that the both sides were slain,
charges brought against him have been spread foalted. The leader of
into thirty or' forty specifications. Col. Ar- prisoner, and was sen
March for trial. Ths
buckle is now pretty far advanced in life, hay- presses an apprehensi
ing entered the service during President Adams' that portion of Brazil.
administration, and has successfully withstood hands of the mulattos
all the storms sfdisbandment, organization, re- We learn by Capt:
organization, and disorganization to which our who sailed thence M
army has been subject, an order was receivE
Cuba, reviving a form
A letter has been received by the Editor of rican men of wc from
the National Advocate from his correspondent and Lth.t a copy had b
at Caaccas, dated doMarch 3d, ich states re Porter. he co
Saracas, dated arch d,whic states intimated no design o
that Puerto Cavello was still in the hands of the but had gone on a vis]
Royalists, but repeats the prediction that it Palladium.
must fall in a few days." General Paez with Extract of a letter fro
5400 troops was on the lines between. Valencia .
and that place, so that it is completely besieged, "The news by lte i
and every succour cut off. Commodore Dan- tat te ro
15th f1 m4this 't, as
ieis, is strictly blockading the harbour, with togehi.,r' rith the Co
the first division of the navy, consisting of the frno Madrid to S'cvillI
corvettes Bolivar, and the Infanta Maria Fran stir in this market, a
cisca, (the Prize.ship,) the brigs Mosqueto, hseal ae e, l has beer
disca ,, (Ile tas advanced from 2
Vencedor, Independencia, and 2 or 3 smaller ifam ga."
vessels. A letter was on the 29th of Feb. inter- ae nde
-cepted from the Marquis do Casa Leon, the Barcelona paper of thI
commander at Puerto Cabello, to General contains an order of
Morales, requesting assistance, and telling him place, opening the por
that the city was in a deplorable condition, the other prove ismions of or
inhabitants were dying of hunger, -and the foreign or Spanish ves
garrison had only 15 days provision; that if The Legislature o
they did not receive supplies, they had already late session, repealed
come to a determination to capitulate, but if which placed the ships
supplies arrived, that they would defend the custom houses in that
place with the last drop of their blood; its fall to foreigners, on a difl
and goods of British
is therefore morally certain. Maracaibo is also Communication of tise
in the.hands of the Royalists, but well block- the British Envoy at V
aded by Com. Belluche, with 2 corvettes, 4 they mac be reported
brigs, and 3 schooners, and besieged by Gen. United States.-.Advo,
Monfilla, with 4,350 men ; Morales, who has tAccident.-On Frid
possession of the place has with him 2000 men Fire Fly, ran foul of .
with rle and beer, in
only. The President Bolivar is at St. Fee de wil ve and beer, in
Bogota, in good health. The Government has boae offered every ass
appointed Mt. Salazar to be minister plenipo- sloop was so much in
tentiary, and Colonel Palacio, Consul General about 15 minutes.--P
to the United States. The latter was to sail via
St. Thomas. in a few days. General Soublette Mee'anics' Batik, th
commanded at Caraccas. The Colombian go- were chosen to serve
ve-ami-,mnt is said to have plenty of money, and second Tuesday in the
to be p'uactual in paying their army and navy. Jacob Lurillard,
armo aid navy Stephen Allen,
'Produce was very dear, owing to the great Fr'anci Cooper,
purchases for Europe and America. Samuel flicks,
John M'tC'omb,
Heman Allen, Esq. recently appointed Minis- George Ireland,
ter Plenipotentiary to the Government of Chili *Robe
in South America, arrived at Washington on ad, at aq. eetias uan su
Monday. illard, Eq. was unanm
From .Mlontevideo.-Capt. Huntington, who **"' Those marked t
arrived at this port yesterday from Montevideo, place of d Nathan Sarnf
which place he left on thlie 1st of February, in-
forms that he passed a blockading squadron offt BA NK NO'
that harbour. General Lecore, with about 5000 CORRECTED FOiro THE AM
troops, was within 15 miles of the city. All NU .o 15I5.OtDW ,sw
communication with it had been cut ofl' both by Not Sasdl hc i'.
e nc ta h'otsbj*t's y "aine.
sea and land. Flour was g7 per barrel, and Poroaln' ,,
every thing else in proportion. i"'Y" I
po o ncounlrybanthilsar at pre-
We understand, from a respectable source in 11ampshire. -
Cuba, that news had been received thsre from il'tos; si..........
Jamaica, on which great reliance was placed, I":' ,"... -'
announcing that the former island was imrne- lIm -o i.........
diately to be taken possession of by the British ivo.ctcer i
squadron, under the command of Commodore /s,,n, ad A'Vo,. -
Owven. Providece nki s .....s1t
Wash. I.:.. ..
Other I..I
The Hamilton recently arrived at Boston coict os. -
from the North West Coast, has been absent h-Mids.nt-,uoBa.k .
three years and seven months, and has not lost 'osrw'.li ...... i -
a man. She left at Tungls Harbour. Aug. 17, ritigprt i ank ....... p "
the Sultan, Clark; Rub Roy, Cross; On'hyhee, li e .. '"-' ;e u i
Henry; Lascar, IIarris ; and Fuederick, btet- 'tu,,,d .......isc1;..
son. I crmts riis tts.st
B .illn ol i ivtssor ... .1 :is2
The officers and crews of the vessels were all BIla'i]gts n Ntes ......
well, and no death hiad occurred, except on '
board the Owhyhme, the capt's. clerktan elderly 'u ,ay Bk sts ...... si't
gentleman bclosging to New-York, whlo joined '. ,:,. j Ally .... r
her at the Sandwich i islands. Trly ,sis .... i...i.
F slsmra' Bank o f Troy ..u
Lord Amherst, wilo has been appointed Go- h '..s..tieiscrsi.dy -i
cernor Generatl of lutI in tie place si ir. .. .. 1.. "
Catnnsiiige sailed fr'on Plymnoutii on ttli 7th mil, lo. briuitch -thin ca ... -:,1
in thie Jupiter for Caciutta. its predecessor, ,'. its t ... .....
L.n:'d Ilastings, is on is5 way [house. ''iliiii. i at lud oii .. [.
Thi arch luke Chiarles of Austria, lthIo second Lrtirc ................. i'a "
0o ,1 o 'hIs e"'r sr n i ahi t i ,s r,. h i, Do.br ,;hC n di !,

-11, lll'r ; ; V, 1) 111,2q. y in'g''' aum I Ls

s tialu

took off one o tier arms
He then took a razor and

o effectually that he survi
e. He was about 50 year
le circumstances, and ha
aracter. lie had late
ife, who, at the present sil
mplained of him for assault
ich, doubtless, led to th1

Orleans, 26thft March, pe
Cotton 7 1-2 to 13 cents
1-4. All kinds of produce
to the great scarcity o
1 1-4 to 1-2 cents coast
I 1-4d. and expected ti

ambuco state, that in tbh
ry the people of that place
o submit to the Emperor
ige of government, similar
States, at the head ofwhicl
ie white man, one meulatto
s to give each class of /th
hits. On the '28th of Feb
e between them and thi
ment, in which several on
and the former were dc
the insurection was niadi
t to Rio Janeiro on the 7th
e writer of the above, ex
on that the government o
will eventually be in the

ain Cole, from Matanzas
arch 30, that on the 27th:
ed from the Governor o
ier one, excluding Ame
t the ports of the island,
seen delivered to Commo
mtnmander of the place had
f attempting to enforce it,
it to the interior.-Boston

sm Gibraltar, dated 12/h
nail of'he Inth instant, is,
* ') *it'-r S6pain on the
id that the royal family,
rates, are about removing
e. This has caused aome
nd nuu find that all the
s quietly bought i:p, and
26 to 42 reals vellon per

-a meruantlie fiicnd for a
e 161h IFebruary whichh
f thie authorities of that
rt, for two months there-
sion of grain, flour, andl
eign product, whether in
sets.--2Vat. Gaz.

Noew brunsick, at their
or amended all the acts
s or goods entered at the
province and belonging-
ferent footing to tle ships
subjects, and an official
se facts has been made to
Washington, in order that
to the President of the

day last, the steam boat
a sloop from Troy, laden
the bay, just above this
the Captain of the steam
instance in his power the
jured, that she sunk in
political lide.t, April 8.

lion fur ti)rectors of the
e following gentlemen
for one year, :roin the
present month, viz
Gabr,el Furman,
Anthony ::teenback,
Divie Bethune,
Henry C. De Rham,
Peter Sharpe,
*Jerumois Johnson,
rt bpeir.
bsequently, Jacob Lor-
nously re elected Presi-

hus (*) were chosen in
rd, and Andrew Morris,

TE l' I' BLE.
v.- i', iday, /prit It

2RM5*CTEu W55'FEX.Y 5555r,'sislE N.'iY. A7.2VICMl
P 'F'/Hils:, .'iprif It

115s 1 -1 "' In" 'an C,-t
.... ..... i Yi c ... .s u..-06-

..-........ .... 97

ca-i 5i2!N S I
.-... ... .. [ "52

Y- ........ .....1i i

".i iu. '!. i i. : 1 -,i 10'te ;
.- A..rcI.510


i- .ARR1I'ED,
*s Ship Elias Burger, Disney, 13 days from B
End, (St. Croix,) with sugar and rum, to Day
Id ogers & Sou, owners. Passengers, J. L. Mul
y and his family. Left, at Bass End, the brig Fo
Sons, for New-York, uncertain; Condor, Chari
and Betsey, 'or Middlletown, do.; schr. Lucind
It or -Boston, do. ; and Indian Queen, to sail on t
e 12th April. Left, at West End, ship S. Caroli
Packet, Cartwright, for New-York, in two day
brig Coin. 1'orter, Bell, uncertain ; Mary, Cam
r bell, for Philadelphia, in 3 or 4 days. In lat.
30, long. 7t1 30, fell in with the wreck of a vess
; bottom upwards, with a number of barrels of
e floating near, three of which were picked up
f Captain Disney.
Brig Leader, James, of N, Bedford, 35 days f
- Nantz, with wine, glass, brandy, &c. to F. Feltt
o Horie & Laguseune (oflPhilad.) and J. Jones.
Left, brig Gen. Gadsen, just arrived from Bal
more ; and ship Gen. Hand, Gotschild, of Bal
more, for Philadelphia, in 14 days. The Hera
2 barker, of Boston, bfor New-York, sailed two da
e before. April 6, lat. 41 30, long. 50, spoke bi
. Chance, of and for Boston, trom Messina and Gi
r raltar, 25 days from the latter place. April 1
h lat. 39 30, long. 71, spoke brig Northern Star,
Trinidad, for WViscasset.
e Brig Harmony, Johnston, from Turks-Islan
anld 7 days from Wilmington, NC. with sal, to
e 'orter.
n Brig George, Knight, of Salisbury, from Ne'
- Orleans, and 17 days from the Balize, with toba
co, wool and cotton, to J. & C. Boltoa, Bogart
e Knoeland, the master, and to order. Sailed
co. with ship Pacific, for New-York ; brigs Delt
Williams, for Boston ; George, Pratt, do ; Hebri
f for N. York; schr. Elizabeth, Haskill, Boton.-
Passed, at tho Balize, bound up, ship Villian
from N.York ; Laura Ann, do. do ; brigs Fox, d
do ; Emma, from Jamaica ; Pleiades, from Phil
Steam-brig New-York, Churchward, from No
f lolk, and 31 hours from the Capes, with passenger
- and specie, to J. M. Lowrie & Co. Benrs i& Bu
, nell, aid the master. The ship Neutrality, Clar
From New-York for New-Orleans, put into Ham
toll Roads, in a leaky condition, on the 16th.
Schr. Dime, Worster, 10 days from Wilmin
ton, with navel stores, to A. L. Gomez, and D.
J. S. Brainard.

S.*"' .... ; *.. i- ,=

No. 60 M1AItiN-LANE,
( The Olest Establish wil'. of ,ilte i nd in this Citti,)
O ,' F ft1l for sale, an exn'ssive assorteni't oln P
1tstols and Uimbrellas, of a superior qunaiht ai
ise' -t fashions.
Gentlemen's SUN UMBRELLAS, a new and el

Crimsoni Sill' Umbrellas, calculated for tlhe Sout
iemorican and Spanish A'larkeus
Also, superior Unl etlas ind i'arasols, ihe world
lasiiishpI wavirra ted i for ) nme ye;IIr, il of hlic lil '
will dispose of wholesale and retail, at reduced pr
Merchants supplied on liberal terms.
L.lT Umbrellas and Parasols REPAIRIED Lc CC
VEILED in the neatest manmnr. april2-,i' citi

-_s PiPublic House in JV'eburgs.
l To le, foone orinore years ro n the Is
.l_j -I lay next, sI large, commodious BRICI
;I_, i ii,' '. at present occupied as a Public Hons
by George Monel, situated in the centre of the vil
lage, ill Water street, where the main business i
done. It was constructed purposely for an in
years acto, and ias been occupied in llthat way eve
sin'e. The proprietor is disposed to assist any per
son offering to rent tie above property, with mean
to furnish the same, iln part, if required. Apply a
89 LII3ERTY-STREE'. or to
.jan 27-dstc tf Newbirglh.

HE Subscriber respectfully thanks his friend,
and tlie public, for the patronage lie has received
and informs them that hie still continues to makt
Cast Steel Tools, and warrants them equal It an.1
made, and will endeavour to give good satisfactioi
to all wlho will oblige lhimi willth their custom, at 210
Grand-sirt'et, near Essex Marlet, New-York
fi-eb 6--f tOlN CONGER
GCVE 4- 'I'CT.]cKI .ICIIVYMl 'tJ(;CTO )',
J'AMES DEAMEi R(Successor to J Ander-
Sson) has for .I. f, lus own aiianllfactiire, a geln
pral assorlIlnC t ,I i. i1.1, Silver, (Jilt, Plated, Tor-
toise Shell, and Steel mouniled Spectacles, with con
cave, Convex, or Green Glasses; Concave Glasses
for the short sighlied, mounted in various ways;
Goggles, for weak eyes; Reading Glasses; Ey(
Glasses ; Linen Provers ; Pocket Lenses lor Botan-
its; Micuroscolpes; Upera anl Spy Glasses ; Tt'eles-
copes ; Therminneters : Baronsetirs ; Cases of Ma-
tliematical Instraments, and a gesicral assortiniie
of [Optical instruments, wiil a variety of Spectacl

S' '- Also, an elegant assortment of Fancy Walkins
"1 Canles mounted with gold, silver, ivory iand budtc
Aqueduct Asso. uatkil I horn, with or without Swords. All the above arti-
Auburn .c.............. It cles wholesale and retail, and all a made and r'pairet
'-'iintriilt.tVlaerry 'i ley ;l to order. N'ew Glasses fitledl to oihil ftralmei s nov 16
.. 'sILLIf\1 WOODIUFt,'
..... t ... IMERCH 1NT TAILOR,
BO -u', te'1' (.t" 171. For ULONSTtEET )
,ii1,2,ysoi u- 1 ." ESPECTFULLY informs hlls friends and
n l s............ ..'te lic, iniut hue tias a al sssortn uint of
UpperUamu a i .i ...... muccr Goods in lis line, whicli hie will make ip o inorder in
.A el e 'ioe, 'i i style inot s r"passed in this city, and o n the in sto
All s hi I I sN. i ,J'r'Y reasouabtle tes'mls
JiM i t t tn' I 'N.'NFED, as Apprentice, one iwho has sonme
New-lhiuinswick. ..... knowledge lf the business will be prtpferred.- Ap
State Bankit, tdo .. i a I ply as, thivei. april 9-I:ni
D o. ;t 'rel.-n l .. ..u .
.... c,,,,, ........ :,i ,j5OK Y Ci/l AINIES, utc.
s'uu'su,.s trlu.i ssit !l l..in L'X.)'A -Mi) !I i.:,- tY,
..,,, ....... ,l 3 ESPECTFULLY infrums his friends and
Piilidelpti bauiks par M 'At l tl i public, that he continues to cure Sin lokv
'0rn s i 3I .k's Co..2.;t3 Chiuiites, aiud t1 t set Tallowi Chllndlers' I',uIn .
slu',Ni '*j ,. ....... l. 'Ii' imates, &C. iu thlie io st aps loved Imnallner. IFrom
T,J' -, r.'cma 1iS 'low, t g xperi uc h ill tlhe iile of his bIus'niss, Iecanl
fiii)ytii sl;t, ti s noilcs ,' u ! so .vin ui ]us'e usitllu.siblet. '"'ing ai smno hiy chlln ey, evisi ot thile worsi siuO lu
l mni e .",li. ,. i u.sI"rt hltiv le'rct t ; and, ifl u1pon ex.,uiluin ionl, Is
l n- t' niIk ... ..... I h u ileen is l incurable, it, ill 1no io i l-,'rtiak e it -
si lt'elOis .............5 t- e e i iarli' a! sserts as i a ,l cl '!,ilin i "']1 1 1yh l t ll l'n ,I* q *t l' 4 1 i')"" l'"lo w" ic i z e. u s t l( l I '11 1 <1 i l.;r 11a K .
iH,| 1ii Nu st 5I u h veIs ihave a lle i;pteid ill vaii to rei n dt y (ills evil
o th!iiJiu osite ....'........ In' sui t o" i I sU tile' ir eniplo t is to ver counsidelral;le exp(nl
ut.o'C., t I e as o ctl elt:ed a radical cure. I refer lto
i u s t, ., ;i "A .,wsiti 's': g('itniluiuir :-,m'r aui l 'To'ioklter, Ni,
*'.,Ci.o, ,'' i' au- l 3 ridg t'-sl ;et ; Mi obert M T. se i i9 ir" l -
S ... .. .. .... .- 5' t l', i 'ssins-ins s { 'i n 'inso; ld st i simm u'. I su t, '17,1

-,' "I.. ,, re r, 1I: t J ,,. ,
i. '' ..'u "" 5 u '1./u...' i. ;o X.) (- 'i u NI hll i. F:l'risic-street ; si s '
.". -'u-/ us. ,,v,,,, ~- Isis l lNi'J i. o\l'er -l mi d inal tly ollir'-..
/ .' oi,, i. ,.... I I.' lt as hit s house, \ (7 liU .h l'.{HY-
i s.... ....... .., 'q' at tlhe, ol.uce ft lis pa N 355 \ us
-', *, ..... -. i ", till be prom ptly al :i d In, ;:l l!"
i : i u .,i I I sll t t tbesh' inainller sand on ilhti sl- t I',.
"l uis. onabmu c others,. jan Jm 1-'y'

bottle, and thlie directions are all signed by JAMES lia 1... .. ---- i
ML,'LEiN--., thoit .............-- 7 35)
MEILh,1 (IN lMVITI E .... .... ton 15
,sold wholesale and retail by Messrs. tI. H. H Scliemi LI )\ OI), I';,, ....... '2.
,i:bn uA Co. 193I PeAirl-stio t ; .ull i u 5:iur'sm Un L; ,. t ;anpeaclhy --- 36t.
A. J1 \V. B. P"os ; aiId J '1& L. C'liuk & 5oio -, | I),ia.o11 s ------
'hIuiggiss, New-York; IIt.. Alsigs& Co'C Albany B; MW(iosa,'01ak......... ..X it [ 1s
Dr. Niven, Nc ewbur' h; T. ( 'l it 6 Co. lartfod, N. R pine .. 16
Ct.; lol hkiun' ss I)raum New-llaen ; ca'liht yellofmsit, pi ne... -- 20
irtewvr, t Ho-st, ; IHouker s Icrewhru is i l'leburvy, .Albanloy pin ''e.. pre 17
Vt. Bitel (sl, PittdfilIh \Vm. 3,Parker,T rov; A pine M 11 1
T Ila u l it, h. -' 'e Cook & o. u .i ,u ak ...... -
I o < 11 ] l of l St^ i- ~ t ....... 00- 5
itl"iir '; t' 1' 'I' t v .,. .. i ; A nel an oum.tik ti tli.r .. ... 20
.'in, l,-h,.u s; t; h"s. )>,i ,s,,n t mi tu' utg iand .I. h ; 5 shin,,ssle .cy iu s .. l00 3 '2,
Ctm'%ilocuk. Iii.slows, 5pmris/st; I)r. ilitchcoclk, Uti- ii buns 2 75
ii 1 r. i isl r i rl ,ciitr ;.I. (illtaiu Bull,- -p .. .... '2 5
h U; GC CPsuss. am'kcli's larlulurn ; u d also ilmr" salh ,.-, Stavi s S Pu't-. ." .i l s2
In' (ihrounii oiu t L UieU t1s,,s t tu'tmI -, ;utu I h o bh'sde b R C ll d ...i ) i7
bh ,.1.\I ', II' I f.\', lhudsonl "t'i-Yorl. I t, lb his t irais t ,.......... ) -'i
5 ili stipplt iicalrs oi h beral tpr.s Io's .. ..... 1. 4
iOs v-tli; 2--dmcimtn

']'jHIS beautiful horse
f'd f^ i l 1B wv.ill remain at Mr.
LEMI BRIIDGE, s,:v,.n iii *l,-,-..,..s. _^
*. ... .// miles from she city of
S--- Nw-York, it.r tlie en- FRI
105 e 2 I suilug season; cosnnmen-
cii;he lie st ol'A rii.aisd
us- .tis,; o ie 1st of Au- ARTICLES. Pei From
W. lusts next. and ts vi ih,,l i to Sixty Mlares, at cts
S11" '0 the season, to be paid when the Mai.es are taken --
7 away. ASHES,Pot............. ton 135
S It is perhaps unnecessary to detail tin history or ----- Pearl .......... 175
the properties ofai animal so well known as BUS- BAGGING, Cotton ....... Vd. 20
.4 SORAHl ; yet it may gralify the camnosity of those, BRISTLES, Rlussia ...... lb 25
who have not seen him, to inform the, that he w as -, American .... -- 30
imported in the ship Horatio, from Homhay, in tile CANDLES, mould.........-- 12
10 auiumn of 1119i by lAbraham Ogden, Esq of New- ,-- -,dipped ...... 10
It01 York, and iwas otblaioed of Dr. Coiquihoun, fori'rly -, sperum....... -- b25
S!.I tie English E'ast India Company's agent at Busso- wax ........ -- 50
rah ; under whose eye lie was bred and who carried CHOCOLATE, N.York.. -- 15
oc him to India, from the banks of thie Euphrates The -- --, Albany ...... 15
Certificates in the possession uofthe subscriber state, ---, Boston, No 1..-- 12
that he is of the Germaany breed, a cast held in COAL, Liverpool ........ chal 10
the highest estimation by the Arabs Scotch ........... --
97' Perhaps no circumstance in his history argues Virgliia .........
more in his favour, than that he was brought from COCOA, Caracass....... cwt 29
thile very borders of the country always esteemed un- I --l, Island ......... I 1
rivalled for its horses ; and we are assured by tra- -- Cayenne...... 13
vellers, that at Damascus, in Syria, tile horses -- Surinam ....... 13
brought from Bussorah are considered incompara- COFFE'E, W. I. best gr... lb 27
e/c !" It may be, perhaps, importantt to add a fact -- -- -- 2dqual.. 25
well known to connoisseurs in horse that thed Ara- --- -,St. Domingo .. .- 23
as' bian is thle ancestor of the English Clood-Horse _____ Java.......... 26
vid Mo ulC than two hundred oriental stallions and mares COPP ER, Sheathing. .... -- 25
ler are to be found in the annals f tilhe British turf, and -, Pig .......... 18
our the descendants of the Darley and Godolphin Ara- -- -,Old.......... 19
S bians are the foremost amongst the horses now em- ----- Braziers'.. 30
y, pluved for racing both in England and the United -.. Bolts .........- 29
hi' S'.'aI CORDAGE, Foreign...... cwt 8 50
the BUSSORAH is an animal of matchless bone and CORD AGE, orican t 0
.na muscle, and his action is altogether unrivalled. His _____ Patent...... 10 50
ys; success as a stallion surpasses the most sanguine ex- CORKWOOD........... 2
lp- pectations of his admirers, and many of his offspring COTTON, Sea Island .... Ib 18
37 at two years old are already fifteen hands high, and ____ Geora Uela 1
unite to size all thle grace and beauty of their sire, Orleans 10
el, For the accommodation of breeders, and the sa- -- .. OrAlabama .... 10
oil tisfaction of the curiou, several of his colts may be a Tenness ...... 10
by seen in te stables at Harlem-Bridge, and the sub- Shirting sse, Brown .... 10
scriber believes, that nothing lie can say will be so 'S ngs,Bleached .. -- 12
finm. convincing, .is to the excellence of this horse, as an Sheetings, Brown, 4-4 16
us, insihection of his progeny. --..'.g, Brw, 45-4 21
I7 Good Pasture provided in the immediate vi- ---- leached4-4 -- 18
iti- city of the Stand, and every attention paid to the --- -, eaced,5 -4 24
iimerests of Breeders. -- ... o -'
ti- A Subscription Book is left in the hands of Mr. r No. 1, Ibrown...- 21

No. 13, bleached.. 36
6, .- i |No. 4, do ... 27
fr S i ine do .. 35
S. inghams, fine, ...6-4 60
d, '- ",' ---- -,* 3-4_ 22
W common,3-4- 15
.W r-i-.J ;i5 s5 *u-"j u Stripes, fast colours.. -- ls~
-P---,9-8, heavy 27
c- .------- Drabbetts............ 20
in P .enimns ............ .- 15
SPRlYSIC & SURGERY. Xilliits, No. 3, 3 -., 75
ta, D-OCTOR A. G. HULL, late of Utica, has open- N o--, Nu. 4, 7-...__ 1 12A
ed his office in Fulton-street, No. 91, where he will Sattinets............- 60
Attend to all calls in the line of Ihis profession. He -- -, fine........ I
will also attend to the application and adaptation of -- --, warps ..... lb 45
'n, Is Truss to all patients applying tit Iris ollice, with- --, logwood cul' ,__
0 s out iany additional charge. Checks, 3 4 ......... yd. 16
a- DOCTOR A G. HULL'S -- ,4 ........- 20
LATELVY IM1PItOVEISD Knhtting Cotton...... lb 75
r- Palent Dsste -inge uns "toto Truss. readsd, No. e6 ..... I 1
rs The Patentee, for manly years past, has devoted _Cottn Yarn, No. 0 26TG
n- much time and attention to the subject otf H'eria, s ______ No. 12 ].. N9 27
k, Riphtu're, and thle construction of an instrument fol ------, No.13.. 23
t-i the dil'erent species of that disease, and is now satis- ------ N 14.. 29
itel, by Is own experience, and that of o others, that DUCK, Russia, Ist al..I bo 19
., t .., ; tosuccessful operil in, a DUC'USSR, ssia, 1Stq]Isl.. |.. ol 9
S "" o ri ncipl entirely new -- -- do 1
S,," and girdles, and lle ic- 3d do 19 75
S... I i.. I tIlhe convex or round foruned padss. Ravens .......... 75
eclainc lly, although erronmisil, designed to impress ---, ph ....... .. 10 5
i. no the opening of th e lup n ni a-. A m erica. n I .... 7
Medical imen, conversaut with tle different spe- eis neri N ........ 32
cis of hicilnia, well know, .that it is disease very Rss SheetNo. wh. ** e 1
I Vanrloms l n Isms flu' it Uld pl ,,i.;) 41 s-,i d athi a the sic- R Eus' Sheet tin .. :-- I 1
e'ssltit ui lication and >t.il,t|) ,.u of' a if russi', e- ,I,' oa -- -
elds it i tsoc'asl.Onai v"ii'.ti;lls of its cossint'c D'imwt brow. -- 3
tion in insmnu, size, and segr-e if it e'ssire-by triict arrow...
attention Io wh h. t, wI p t,l.hile esilta;es not to say, 'l.................
sI m.l s i stuiciit, sttlu'll t applied, itusti'lla'ctsul- F LOUuseuAhN
St tha ls iSaltln l, sk li v applied, leven il ith lmostal- New-York superfine ...... bbl 7
;., r' m'e e nss ts eit'- si"sum ii i his ...il. e'.'.....u ills e. n
diriculti cases, whi a, i ilean s are practicable ; Pi' i-l ................. 7 -5
andi t bi tle peculiar al proximaiuiig iUissti's iof tl' l ladelphia ............l .
S nt d as i n ero s es elto t Blnore., Howaa.-stret. -
i' pIrfecl cureIs ion very aTd peiuIpil, sand uSniCersally Riehmol,ily,Ci mills 7 12
o chile v e --l Country mills.. 7
1" xo l ct lomm the pibl iss led i transactions of the N. es,. rl s a ............. 7
h York Slate Me' dical Sociiety-session I i;i-2. F i.derisburlthu, .........
Th" lhe collullter lop!ort, lh t i'rom an examilha- Pol'vlrs]) l title 6iFlo -- 6 .0
tionof'Dr. A G I C lt s 1 Tru-s, the s haVe u, hCsntu Mihddlinm s, ine ............ 2_ 1
Stionu ill statingI, hllat I'roii thi ti'llir n w principle, Ive Flour ... .......... -- 37
*Io which it act,,witlh eef l'cive quliiies which it d"an aMleat ............ __ -
I"i unites, it is I'ar supernu r t a yi other in use, and. in Do. i l siu Mlis ... ..
their opimlio5 is entiled I n i li t is i e i|ti)ros ll,, el W heiat, N River ........ bus1 40
nPlivsiciaus, alnd tle ie:lcosllr.t l !'i. i' t o i'llie p uslblic -, l "e N tu. u 40
s u'rug sists l. hirough nlu the U.iii.d St.tls. who are u irolina .. -
disposed to becomoi viesefrs il DIt. I U L LS I'rus- rye .................... -- 65
ses can be sIuppihd a.t Ins ollice, or at the primsipul Corn yeloiv, North ..... ti56
tUruggilss a lihis city on accominsodaslug terms. -- white, do. .....60
St scAlt[4-(tf -- Sollicrni .........
K c Oats, .................. 36
e Peas, w hlite dry.......... 7
I- f -' .. --, Green ............ 10
is .. row at ........ --
i -. B ved ........ 70
"1 Beall- ,t s co "u a ....... .......... "h u 7
-" ."** .,l FE \THERS, Li.efor. ..7 bu 13
I's ,J.j 1-.,-- ,American.. lb
t :- FU.', Beaver, North .... -- 4 2.7)
SRaccoon, N. & Sou 10
COUGHS AND') CO. \SUJIPTIOF 1S 1uskratr. N.& Sou.-- 30
r llS new and healing Balsam bids fair to __-Martin, Canes.t 195
.rival every Medicine hlereinftre discovered', Bear, North & So>i.- 7'5
for Coughs and complaints of the lungs, leading -- Red Fox ......... -. 753
to ConsumptionI and ev'en in se'.t'idl Con.sunmptlons -- Mlink, North...... .- 255
it has lately been used lby many w;tis the moist sr- ----, ODo. South......-- 12
praising" success. I cer'til( aies trom persons of tihe Otter, North. ..... ibs 3
s ighestrespectability, or lie great and increasing Do. South......-- 2
h ilmand for it, mlay bw -'aled proofs of its good -- Nut ia Skins ..... Ii 1u2e 1
S'thects, it is proved. Sru.rc'!i a cast of Cohlds, FRUIT, Raisins, Malaga.. ca'sk 7
( Coughs, pain in the --iue duliuiltv of breathing, -, Do. Bloom... bux 2 12
i want of sleep, arising frsin debilitv or even Ciu- ---- Do. Musca'l.. -- 2 37
0 stuImtions, but mlay be relieved by lithe itily isc of ----, )Do. Bunch .. -- 2 62
mhis Medicine. Many certificates of its efficacy -- Do. Smvrna lb 7
accosmpaniy each bl Itle. Currants, Z;lsis.. -- 20
ALARMING FACT!! ----. Almonds,soft shell -- 13
By thie regular reports inuiae to tihe corporation o ---- Do. Jordoni --- 25
thu city of New-York, aind thili order' published. --- Do. shlled .. 1
S i is ascertained that iore tiltin (l),itu persons die a Bris Cr. 6 by 10
-sually of'the conssunp|ion in that sitl',and probaiblv -----. Do. 9.. --- I 0
a great mpaut of them firoms istlv ltaik'ig could sum li ----, Do. i 10.. 13
lfust instance, and theus nmgleu'lug the use ot p"ro)r ---s-, mDo. 10 1I -'-- 1
- sansu in tihe hrs st slis..'i mIs' eu ctaphiint. \Vlho, --- Amt'r. 7 .. 7

tIhousinsls Ihave been re lievedl willm n the last tuhr. ----s, l. 0 l.. 9
cu'.s by ise mse of this iedicinie, sum' of win' l ..' iurti's, Porter... ''" 8
i-ihts mees aflicted tic i i flsm eitt i d, eulh fii ortiy t ;irs, -- -- \ in ....s
as may te seen by the cerltilicah'i's .nco,,ipavyinf GLUI', hTrihI, best........ lb 22
eai'h bottle, that will not innediately make trial l --- \'i'triciln ........ ---- 16

the same. GT'NPO\[WO)I C, Amivr. ..2i'b 4
//e.xa.nder Sackett., a'gentlean (u 10 y'ars of age, ------ ,-- English. -- 1i
ng in Warrn, Connecticu'm lt, ius :i lo slhisinfitn- tIE\IP, Itussia clean ..... n I 1i7.3i
cy been aIHictedl with a 'ousgh, and s sifmie lthe ysas ------, out-shot ......... -- 10
l il7 withi a violent wuliezmg aoddtilicnlhv ofs t :althi ---, siu'r dew,-rot....-- 100
ing, so as not to ble sbl to sleep i::hts, was bv thu I v ----i, Yarn, Kentucky .. lb
h oltles ofthis medicinesm', untirly cuid ofhis cough, HIDES. WV Indies .....-- 14
a ''d restori'd to a good state of heisshi. -- -, Baunos \cii's....-- 11.t,
.hclephei' Seaises. of Greenfiehi, whio had tbr three ---, Brazil s'tilt. .... Pi'c I '
'ears been vileuitly alictedl with ; complain otl' itIs ---- -, Do. Hlorse.. lb
things, aunud comsiiant pain iu llis side. iogmther wtliti a I ON It Y nirican...... -- sm
'usigh, his tlesh wasted, lie grew weak and boeI d .---. Lavas'a ....... gall 53
Sliowii, and had lost ill hopse of rei'ove'rv ; mut iu HO)PS, 1st aitd 2d sort... Ij lb 10
lull/, purchased at Ballstown Sirings sim'e bsl'es liI G)O, i,-huitauil...........-- 2 2,)
of this sl'dicine, which, hie says-, restored uIns lungs -- -, BcIneal ........ -- 2 37
to pes'tct sotundness, and was again able to attend -- -- New-Or ans ..--
Ii Isis business. IRON, Iig .... .... ..tosn 30
Christopher Cook, of Providence, PR rI.who at -t-, Co.ntry.......... -- 5 .0 .
been for /orl' y years al'li'ced wil'to ;ill'u ctint ofslum --, uiu.t,ia ......... -- ;7 7
luigs, aittlndt'il ,ithi a violust uotugh, so as to b' un- ---, S 1edes ,.......... -- -7
al)lt to at in iieetnsg 11u lie uts )esd, and aud triti. -- i Eiglish assortedI. .'-.- 75
ntuy pil ysicians to it .- ursoise, sis, I) iic ii se l -- S hl'el ............ cnt 7
lhis misdi,:iue in a siusht uiuir, rnii' { r<-ievfI. .i i styp s '..............- 6
l'or [)articnu lrs s see tli eir ce ''li'uatesi a cuiimpahuiv- I, Sti I h/t, ,) s tl ........ I. 2 I.
ilg eac l bottle. --,- Dressed u|)|s.' ..sid' 2 .3''
Ciaution.- -Be particul' Iluht 'Ievery gcniuine bottle ----. [per iulre-s -- 9 1
lis .'! ,ier.oun's Grt '."h s/ rut; s. unt m d o1 rlle ,s),, i ............. c)l +; -'5t

10 25
1 2.5

13 50
4 2.-5


7 12

7 26

3 62

1 44



4 5o1
2 25

1 5h
2 50

3 50

2 50



2 5'


7 501

3 50


S cts.




20 50
13 50
13 50


10 50


1 25

1 50

f l.i hmois ......... .. ..

'entur vh ..........
g I It InkY-v ............-.
SSpanih leaf ..........
s D. s I)omin"o....... .
-4 Ladies Twist ...... -
- Caveils' li .......... ..
SSvet scent, No. I... --
-- --, 2 qu. No. .. --
S -----3 q. No. I .
I. Co 0ni.on .... --
VERIl)!G[Rl'......... .....
SVAX, Bes'', sliYw ......--

AMlerino, wltesl....--
I----. unwashed .... --
SA breed washed .........
breed wastied ...... --
S--- niwashed..... --
ciiiillni wa-ed .... .--
A'aei'.ca/ Ilittrsi' ,i---

APLIL 18, 1823.

ART'C. Lsi3. CPe r

( i3an. Cog. Orar .. .
S do ,artAil'
B- [ { e l le a t ). . --f
i Snisr t ....... ---
Sisn o, .o.". itI s --i,
-- 3t. Cruix .d p:" --
un ii "' r ,i d -
N. Eng. 1st do --
Gin, Holland, st di, --
-- Country ....... --
Whisl', ye, in lhhis --
.--- in bbl. --
-- AA ,, 1 e ,. . .
Wine, Madeira ....... --
s --, --- L rv -
c -- -, Sherry ....... -.
I ---, Tenerslfe, L. P. --
---, -- I 'are
-, Fa al ........ --
---, Lisbon .......--
-, Malaga, dry... .--

-, Claret, cargi.. --
12 bb sih --
---, Sicily Muadeirat.

--,' ...........--

---Catalonia ..... .
Porter, Loudons...... o0z
---- Do. Oral' +.ca k
----, Brown Stout- doz
SDo. Draft. cisk
-- -'- Am. Bn. Stot ,
Cider, draft ... ......
1.--, bottled ...... doz.
MAHOGANY, Bay ..... q.ft
SI "Doming. __
MOLASSES, Su;i am gall
---- Antigua .......
--, Mart &, Guadal. __
-- Trinidad .......
SHavana........ __
--- St. Salvador. ... .
St. Vinicents .... .
New-Orleans ..
MUSTARD, English ..... lb
---, Do inlhotIs.. doy.
American ... lb
Do. in bot'Ils.. do,,
NAILS, Cut, all sizes..... it
-, SWroghlit, do ....
-- --, t- ie............
'. i ... ........
\ '.i, i i.l, ..... ;pitt
----, Siort Yei!ow.....
-- g Company .. -
---- White Long ....
Flor. 30 asks ....... ,o.,
Fr. 12 bottles........ a.s.
O live .............. all
Linseed, Dutch .......
S-----, American ...
W Vhale ............. ..
0 Sea Elephant..........
Sperms, Siommer. .....
---- ., WInster.......
SRed Lead .............. wtl
White Dry ..........
S---- ground in ol .. _
SOchre,Yellow, dry ...

i--- groundinoil... lb
a. I Sp Br. D ry ......... iW ,
-- roind in oil... lb
Varnisih ri-i ht I 1
Vermiilion, Englis .. ,,.
I Lam hblack.......... .
PIPES, Short........... ..ro
f Bppf, Mess.......... ..;
--, Prime, ..........
Cargo, ...........
---, Boston, No. 1 .. ..
--, -- Mess ... .
Bread, Pilot ..........."wt
---, Navy.......... .__
--, Crackers...... __
- Rlutler, for exportati Ib
Chiesse, Aierican .. .__
i Fi-h, Dry Cod ...... ...
S Pickled Codfish. ,,
S-- Salmon..........
> -- Fall Mac'relNo.l __
4 Do. No.29
S--, Do. No.3__
Conn. Mess Shad __
-- Herrings.........
-- Do. Nova S box
-- Do. N. Eng _
Hams, Virginia ...... lb
North riyer. ... .
fHols' Lard............
Pork, Cargo, ........ |bl.
Prine, ...., ....
----. Mess, .........
RICE, Newv............. cwt
S \LT Turks Island...... bush
St. Ubes.........
---, Cadiz .............
----, Lisbon........... __
Livirp .ol Blown..
---, Ground .. __
S \LT PETRE, refined..
----, crude, E. I ..
SEED, Flax, clean ......cask
-- Do. roughl......c
-, Clover........... !b
-, Timothy............. ca.
SILKS, Canton Crape.... ,
-- Black Satlis-.1 vdI s _
--- o Sitcliews, .30 _
---, doSarsnets, 30ai. __ I
-- t-, do Florentines.... i
-- Sewing, assorted....
----. 4-1 Illack Hdkfs ..
---, .ankin Crape.... I
---- Badannahs.......
----, Flag handkierchir.s _
S. eersuckers ....
SHOT, Patent assorted .. .
S Cassia ............
CiLTnnamo...n ............
r Cl ss es...............

Glager, [ac e ........
Mace .............
Gum'rpms .s..............
( Pim nte o, .TJunaica.... .
STE1 L, G remain ........ ..
-- ---, wi disih ........
-"'- '' iwley ... fa' I

-- Do. 'Countrv.. ton 12
i',i co. priune........ c..

N thr. prie.ii........-
---, 2d & 3d qual .. .
u I [a sania whites....... I
i dot, sd 3d i T ... 1
----. brown ....... .

C.til's ta white .......o. Ii

SLi...p ............. ,
SLs a" .. .............
(Ir perial ............ .
t unitow'd er ......... .
4 l sn ............. .
< Y 5oung Hyon ........ .
)d |lUysun Skin ......... ...

( Boia .... ........
'O noise. SHELL ...... L*

1 25
10 50
12 50

2 37

1 50
1 6






8 '


1 25
/ 25







611 s


12 75


2 50

7 50

- 75:
1 561
16 50
5 75
4 75
3 75
,2 75



I 12

1 65


14 "
12 50

1 50
9 75
3 50


1 35I

1 !0







S o.t ;I To
ct.. cts

i 40
1 I5 I 78
8 85
75 1
T7i 80

2 3 50
34 4.4

2 3 50
2 75 3 50
1 30 1 37
1 25

1 1 10
6) 70
65 70
19 25
3 50 8
1 560 2 25
1 25 1 39
3 6
8 13
1 12 1 /5
2 50
20 25
,25 30
1 25 1 75

10 1.5
27 19
27 29
26 29
26 98
24 26
26 129
27 30
29 3)
1 37 1 75
31 62
1 25 1 50
7 9
10 14
8 9
10 H
100 110
92 1 45
57 61
97 1 12
4 50 4 75


Insects, though inferior in size, far surpass
in variety of form, beauty of colouring, and
singularity of structure, all the larger tribes of
animals; but so prone is man to regard with
contempt those parts of the creation which are
diminutive, that insects have been almost over-
looked in his searches after knowledge.
The general opinion that insects act a less
important purpose than any other tribe in the
economy of Nature, and that the study of the
science of entomology has conduced but little
to the benefit of mankind, is founded in igno-
rance alone. Blights, both in our orchards and
corn fields, have almost universally been attri-
buted to some peculiar action of the elements ;
but they are now discovered to be owing to
myriads of minute insects, often of the pur-
coon, or tree-louse kind. Who can tell but
that an accurate knowledge off the natural his-
tory of these insects may enable us to prevent
its future depredations ? And how often does
our ignorance lead us to destroy insects as in-
jurious which are altogether harmless and, per-
haps even serviceable to man ? Although the
multiplicity of insects is sometimes attended
wit, no small injury to man as well as to ani-
SmaW, yet there is a counterpoise to this incon-
venience-myriads of birds daily devour ten
thousand times their number of insects, both of
.the winged and reptile kinds. A bird in anr
instant of time swallows a fly, and in the same
instant its life is extinguished, without feeling
perhaps a single pang.
Insects are to be found in almost every situa-
tion-in air, water and in earth ; in wood, and
upon other animals; in decayed vegetables and
in putrid flesh. Their manners and their ap-
pearances are as various as their situations.-
The eggs of insects, like those of fish, in very
few instances, require the care of incubation,
but are left to be matured and the young ones
to be hatched by the genial influence of the
sun. The parents hav-r generally paid the debt
of nature before the young ones see the light.
There are above a thousand different species
of beetles in Great Britain. M iost of the larvme
or grubs of the beetle tribe (scarabceus) live
.entirely under the surface of the ground, feed-
ing on the rmots of plants, &c. Their pupa or
chrysalis generally lies dormant in the earth till
the perfect insect bursts out.
The eggs of thle cock-chafer (scarabaens me-
lolontha) are deposited in the ground by the
parent insect, whose, fore-legs are very short,
and well calculated for burrowing. From each
of these eggs proceeds, after a short time, a
whitish worm with six legs, a red head, and
strong claws, which is destined to live in the
earth under that form for four years, and there
undergoes various changes of ihs skin, until it
assimines its chrysalid form.' These creatures,
sometimes in immense numbers, work between
the turf and the soil in the richest' meadows,
devouring tile roots of the grass to such a de-
gree, that the turf rises, and will roll up with
almost as much ease as if it had been cut with
a turfing-kn:fe: and underneath, the soil ap-
pears turned into a soft mould for above an inch
in depth, like thle bed of a garden. In this
the grubs lie, in a curved position, on their'
backs, the head and tail uppermost, and the
rest of the body buried in the mould. Such
are the devastations committed by thie grubs of
the cock-chafer, that a whole field of fine
flourishing grass, in the summer time, became
in a fewv weeks withered, dry, and as brittle as
hay, by these grubs devouring the roots, and
gnawing away all those fibres that fastened it
to thie ground, and through which alone it could
receive nourishment.
The larvm:, having continued four years in
_,le eun.l. are now about to undergo their
rci.:-,.h'dfe; to effect this, they dig deep into
the earth, sometimes five or six feet, and there
spin a smooth_case, i-n which they change into
apupa or chrysalis. They remain under this
form all the winter, until the month of February
when they become perfect beetles, but with
their bodies quite soft and white. In May the
parts aie hardened, and then they come forth
out of the earth. This accounts for our often
finding tihe perfect insects in the ground. The
most efficacious mode of preventing their in-
crease is to employ proper persons -to take the
flies in- May and June before they have laid
their' eggs, which, though it appears an end-
less task, may be dune with very considerable
effect, by shaking and beating the trees and
hedges in the middle of day. Children wdll
be able to do this, and, as has been proved byI
experiment, will, for a trifling reward (suppose
a penny a hundred), bring some thousands per
day gathered in a single village. Domestic
fowls of all,kinds are particularly fond of these
beetles, so that the expense of .collecting them
would be fully compensated by the quantity of
food they would afford in this way. When land
is ploughed up in the spring, if the weather be
warm, hundreds of the chafer grubs are ex-
posed, in which case, rooks, gulls, and jays,
ivill be sure to detect and devour them. These
birds, therefore, should not be driven away, as
the occasional damage they may commit is
amply repaid by their unceasing exertions to
destroy various insects. The almost sole em-
ployment of rooks, for three months in the
spring, is to search' for this sort of food, and
the havock that a numerous flock makes
amongst them must be very great.
The silpheM are insects whose strong and dis-
agreeable smell indicates the places they inha-
bit, and the substances upon which they feed ;
they, as well as many other insects, constantly
absorb the putrid flesh and excrementiois sub-
stances which might otherwise infect the air.--
Their instinctive Arculty leads them eagerly to
seek the dead bodies of small animals : and it is
singular to see them, attracted from a conside-
sable distance by thie smell of a putrid body,
associate in their enterprise, and combine their
efforts, that they may peaceably enjoy the fruits
of their labours. Corruption has scarcely com-
menced in a mole or a mouse, and the smell be-
come offensive, before numbers collect toge-
ther, and gliding under the animal, work with
great activity, removing tihe earth, till by de-
grees the body disappears, and is buried without
our seeing the workmen, or observing how it is
effected. Four or five of these insects will thus
entomb a mole in less than twenty-four hours.
When it is once completely under thie surface,
t"ley enter the body and feet without fear.--
Three or four insects, working in concert have
been known to drag under the surface tlre body
of so-large an animal as a mole it the space of
an hour, so that no trace of it has appeared
above ground.
The larvae, which are born in corruption,
are of a greyish white colour, with a brown
head. The body has twelve divisions, with a
rusty scale between each. They have six
small scaly feet-attached to the three first rings
of the body. Thie larva in due time buries it-

.self in the ground, forms an oval cell, and turns
to a yellowish chrysalis, from which in about
three weeks proceeds the perfect insect.-
These, with the larvre of flies, or maggots, mnay
be justly called the Scavengers of.Nature. The
benefit which they produce by removing offen-
sive matter, and thns converting the putrefac-
tive particles, that would otherwise fill the air
with infection and disease, into fresh animated
beings, is incalculable.
The ont-weevil (c. nucum) is well deserving
of our attention: it is the insect produced by
the maggot residing in the hazel-nut'. Though
every one is well acquainted with the maggot
in tihe nout, yet the various changes through
whicli it passes, the mode of its introduction

into the nut, and its appearance in its complete ed against. Paste made in this manner, A
or perfect [state, are knoiun only to those con- exposed to the air, dries without ctrng ato a
versant in the history of insects. The wescvii state resembling nor; so that it a at an
makes its appearance early in the month of time be wetted as-a, and applied to use.-
August, and may then be found creeping about When kept in a close-covered 1,o, it m.ay be
hazel trees. The female insect, when ready to preserved in a state tor use at al l timr.es.
deposit her eggs, singles out a nut. which she Ile proceeds-" T'is principle seems als'
pie ce with her proboscis, and then deposits an applicable to the preservation of seeds, parti.
-g in tie cavity. She passes on and singles cularly in cases where they are sent from dis-
out another nut, which sie pierces in the same tant countries by sea, when it is well known
manner, placing an egg in it; and thus pro- that they often perislr from this cause. DPa!nu -
ceeds till she has deposited her whole stock in ness, of course, will perform its office at ainy
different nuts. 'I he nut, not apparently injured ra;e, if moisture is not excluded ; yet it ir. cer-
by this slight perforation, continues tog-mow and tain that the grotlth of the vegetables which
gradually ripens its kernel. When the egg is constitute mould accelerate tie ce-il, whether
hatched, the young larva or maggot, finding its by retaining moisture, or by what means, is not
foudreadyt prepared,beginstofeaslun thelkernel. very apparent. This, in fact, happens equally
By the time that it is arrived at its full growth, in tihe case of dry rot in wood, and indeed in ai
and has nearly consumed the whole keroel, tihe others where this cause operates. It is a culr-
natural fall of the nut takes place : the inclosed ous illustration of the truth of this view of a
larva, not in the least injured by the fall, con- remedy, that the aromatic seeds of all kinds are
tinues in the not some time longer, and then not subject to mould, and that their vicinf'y
creeps out at the whole in the side, which it prevents it in others with which they are pack-
has previously made, by knawing in a circular ed; they also produce the same effect daily,
direction, and immediately begins to bur- even in animal matters, without its being sus-
row or creep under the surface of the ground, pected. Not to repeat any thing on the sub-
till, having attained the depth sufficient,, for jact of cookery, I need only remark, that it is
its convenient residence during the long pe- common to put pepper into collections of in-
rind of its winter concealment, it lies dormant sects of birds, without its having been remnrk-
for eihut months, and then casting its skin, contr- ed that it had the same power of keeping off
mcnces a chrysalis, of the same general shape mould, as of discouraging or killing the pltius
and appearance with the rest of the beetle tribe,I omnivorus, or other insects that commit ravages
and it is not till the beginning of .August that it in these cases.
arrives at its complete ultimate form, at which "In concluding these hints, I might add, in
period it casts offtlheskin of the chrysalis. creeps illustration of them, that gingerbread and
to tie surface, and commences an inhabitant of. bread containing carraway-seeds is far less
the upper world. While in this state it breeds, liable to mouldiness than plain bread. It will
and, like tile major part of the insect race, en- be a matter worthy of consideration how far
joys for a short tune the pleasures of a more en- flour, might be preserved by some project of
larged existence. There is a very elegant spe- this kind.'"-Lond. Lit. Gaz.
cies of tIe curcolio (c. aitr-ralus) frequently seen
during tile summer months in fields and gardens. Loteries in Erglan(d.-The first English lot-
It is about a quarter of an incli int Ingth, and tory was drawn, A. D. 1569. It consisted of
of the most beautiful gold or silver greeoon colour, forty thousand lots, at ten shillings each lot.-
exhibiting, when viewed with the microscope, The prizes were plate, and thie profits were to
a covering of scales, shluining with a strong me- go towards repairing tlIe havens of this kingdom.
tallio lustre. It was drawn (as Maitland from Stow informs
The common earwig, (forficnia auiricularia,) us, vol. p. 'i27) at the west door of St. Paul's
though in its nature extremely harmless, ex- Cathedral. The til awing began on the I lth of
cept in our gardens to our fruits and vegetables, January, 1569, and continued incessantly, day
has fallen, in a very particular manner, victim and night, until the 6th of May following. At
to human cruelty and caprice, originating in this time there were only three lottery offices
the idea that it introduces itself into the ears, in London. The proposals for this lottery were
and from thence penetrates to the brain, and published in the years 1567 and 1568. It was
occasions death. We must be permitted to ex- at first intended to have been drawn at the
press a wisli, that females, who but too corn- house of Mr. Dericke, lier majesty's servant,
only lay aside all ideas of tenderness at tihe (i.e. her jeweller,) but was afterwards drawn
very sight of it, would be convinced that the as above mentioned.
wax and membranes of the ears are a sufficient Dr. Rawlinson showed the Society of Anti-
defence against all its pretended attacks upon qruaries, in 1748, a copy of the preceding lotte-
this organ. Our gardeners have, it is true, ry scheme, and it is thus entitled-" A propo-
some room for complaint. It lives among flow- sal for- a very rich lottery, general without any
ers, and frequently destroys them; and, when blankes; containing a great number of good
fruit has been wounded by flies, the earwigs prizes, as well of ready money as of plate, and
also generally come in for share. In tihe nig'tir certain sorts of merchandizes, having been
they may often be seen in amazing unimbers valued and prized by thile commandment of tihe
upon lettuces and other esculent vegetables, queen's most excellent minajestyc's order, to
committing those depredations that are often thie intent that such commodities as may chance
ascribed to snails or slugs. The best mode, to arise thereof, after the charges borne, may
therefore, el destroying them seems to be, to lie converted towards the reparation of tile ha.
attend the garden now and then in the night, vens, and strength of the realmne, and towards
and to seize them while they arec feeding. The such other further good works. The nurn'uei
bowl of a tobacco pipe, and th(e claws of lobs- of lots shall be forty thousand, and no more;
ters, stuck upon sticks that s,-pport flowers, are and every loftll shall e the summer of tenne
tile usual methods by which thev are caught, shlillings sterling only, anld no more. To be
as, in the day time, they creep into holes and filled by tihe feasi of St. Dartholomew. The
dark places. Placing hollow reeds behind tile show of prizes are to be seen in Cheapside, at
twigs of wali-trees, is also a good mode, if thex thie sign of ite Queene's Armes, at the house of
he examined and cleared every morning. But ,!r. Dericke, goldsmith, servant to the queen.
at a midnight visit, more may be done in an Printed by HTemry Bvnnemnan. 1567."
hour than by any of the other means in a week In 1612, King James, fo t(lie special encou-
It may not, perhaps, be known to the gene- ragement of the plantation of English colonies
realty of observers, that the earwig is possessed rn Virginia, granted a lottery to be held at tin'
of wings, which are both large and elegant, west endl of St. Paul's One Thomas Sharplys,
and that one of these, when extended, will a tailor of London, had tile r.hief prize, amrount-
nearly cover the moule insect. Thie earwig, ing to four thousand crowns in P" faire plate."
unlike most others of tihe insect tribe, hatches In the reign of queen Anne, it waes thought
its eggs, and the young earwigs are fostered by necessary to suppress lotteries as nuisances to
the parent, in the same way as birds bring up ihe public.
their young.

Perfumes a Preventive against Alouldiness.-
Dr. M'Culloch, of Ediuuurgh, has published
a paper in the Philosophical Transactions of
that city, in which he points out that all es-
sential oils possess the property of preventing
the growth of mould. His observations arc of
such general utility, that we copy them into
our more popularly-circulaied pages for' the
public benefit :
Ink, paste, leather, and seeds, are among
the common articles which suffer from this
cause, and to which the remedy is easily ap-
plicable. With respect to articles of food,
such as bread, cold meats, or dried fish, it is
less easy to apply a reatedy, on account of the
taste. Cloves, however, and other spices
whose flavors are grateful, may sometimes be
used for this end ; and that they act in conse-
quence of this principle, and nut o! any parti-
cular antiseptic virtue, seems plain, by their
preventing equally the growth of those minute
cryptogamous plants on ink, and other sub-
stances not of an animal nature.
The effect of cloves in preventing the

Bulls and Bhlunders -11icant. in his History
of thie Turks, says that they so confoun
chronology and history as to assert that Job
was a judge in the court of King Solomon, and
Alecxandcer the Great one of his gonmmrals."
A bibliopole, now living, and of some emai-
nence, was once asked if hlie had a copy sof
" Ccesa-r's Commentaries ?' I amt si-nry."
said he, I have not; but I atye got B'3'ack-
ston 's.''
Melville, in his m" Account of Juhln Knox,"
says "that hlie was so active and viguruus a
preacher, that he was li'se to ding' the pulpit
into blads, and fly out of it." Campenon, in
his translation of Robertson's History of Sc-O:-
land, where this passage is quoted, thus literal!y
renders it:--Soon heating himself by the fire ,f
his passions and his hatred, he bestirred mis itf
like a madman ; he broke his pulpit, and leap-d
into the midst of his aurd:lors !" Well night iM.
Campenon add-" Notinng proves the coarse-
ness of that people (the Scotch) so much as tih
ascendancy which such a madman possessed
over theim.i'

mouldiness in Ink, as mineea generally known ; Bible Commentatos---Some Bible commen-
aud it is obtained in the same way by oil of tators are excessively abstruse-others, grca:
lavender, in a very minute quantity, or by any triflers. Of Ite latter class was St. Austin, wh
other of tie perfumed oils. laboured hard to prove that the ten plagues wu
To preserve Leather in the same manner Egypt were punishments adapted to tile breach
from this effect, is a matter of great import- of the ten commandments; forgetting that the;
ance, particularly in military store-bouses, law was given to the Jews, and that tile plagues
where the labour employed in cleaning harness were inflcted on the Egyptians. f-ut St. Aus-
anA shoes is a cause of considerable exponce, tin committed a worse blunder than this; for
and where much injury is occasionally sustain- the lawv was not given in the form of command-
ed from this cause. Th'le same essential oils ments until nearly three months after their
answer the purpose, as far as I have had air plagunes were sent.
opportunity of trying effectually. The cheap- lirightinan, an expositor on the Revelation,
est, of course, should be selected ; and it would among other subjects, selects for a comment
be necessary to try oil of turpentine, for this the twentieth versa- of thie fourteenth chapter
reason. The total interruption of all my pur- u And the wine-press was trodden without the
suits has hitherto prevented me from carrying city; anr blood came out of the wine-press
these trials as far as I intended. cren urnto their horses' bridies, by the space of a
It is a remarkable confirmation of this cir- thousand and six hundred I fui longss" He tlen
cnmslance, that Russian leather, which is per- ornaments upon it as fIllows : 4 Sixteen hlin-
fumed with tile tar of the birch-tree, is n t; dred furlongs ; that is, through the whole reahn
subject to mnoudiness, as must be well known of England. Sixteen hundred furlongs makru
to all who possess books thus bound. They two hundred English miles. Now the leinglh
even. prevent it from taking place in those of this realm, from the farthest part of the south
books bound in calf near to which they happen to the longest reach of the north, is more than
to lie. This fact is particulailt well known to this bvy 00 miles ; but yet if we take away
Russia merchants, as ihey suffer bales of this thie astness of the northern parts, where the
article to lie in the London clocks in the most country is more desert and unmanured, near
careless manner, fur a great length of time, thie borders, we shall see a marvellous consent
knowing well that they can sustain no injury of in this also."
this nature from dampness, whereas comnnon The philosopher Whiston, who was no li..t-
curried leather requires to be opened, cleaned, trver, applied a prophecy of St. John, in the
and ventilated. Collectors of books will not 'P.evelation, to Prince Eugenes who politely
be sorry to learn, that few drops of any per- thanked, and cvn rewarded the philosopher,
fumed oil will ensure their libraries from this but protested that Ihe could not bring himself to
pest." believe itha St. John had him in view when hie
Dr. M. began some experiments withthhl wrote [he Apocalypse.
same agents on wood, to prevent time dry rot, Vaoder Mculen, in his Disserlationes Philo-
but not having time to carry them on, lie re- /o ica: g-ives a singu-lar elucidation of thie fol-
commends tlie important investig'alion to others. lowinig iext from Genesis:--" And the Lord
With regard to paste, hlie prefers rosin to aluin took one of his (Adaun's) ribs, and made a
as a preservative ; but lavender, or any other iwomian." The commicniator then inquires-
strbng perfume, such as peppermint, anise, ber- !First, was the nib taken from the right or
garnot, are perfectly el'fectual for years, how- the left side of Adam ? Secondly, was Adam,
ever the paste is composed. That which the after tlie lo(3s of that. rib, a mnaimied or imperfect
Dr. himself employs iu labelling, &c. is made man ?" Qestions which hlie discusses vn'ry
of flour in the usual way, but rather thick, with gravely, and then proceeds to ask-" Wlihy was
a proportion of brown sugar, and a small oman- Eve fnrmned of a rib, and not of thle dust of tile
tity of corrosive sublimate. The use of t1e ground.'' Ilis answer to this question i5 co-
sugar is to keep it flexible, so as to prevent its rious, if nit convincing. "Ha:id Eve been cr'-
scaling off from smooth surfaces ; and that of ated of the dust of the ground," he says, *' shie
thlie corrosive sublimate, independently of pti- would have been stranger to Adam. Hadl she
serving it from insects, is an effectual check been created out of lus foot, he might havedes-
against its termentationu. This salt, however, pised or trampled upon her, as being much his
does not prevent the-formation of mouldiness. inferior. IHadi she been produced out of his
But, as a drop or two of their essential oils above head, she would, perhaps, have taken too much
mentioned i acomplietsecurity against this,all upon herself, and pretended to domineer. It
the causes of dcstriction arc'e'tffctually guard- was therefore, more proper ithat e shoitult be

fAen from'lie niulde of Adam'sbody, on which consequently uncertain, ani we someitines/ ORIGINAL PERftODICAL WOTI'.
account he couid not but have a due esteem for could not find more than was necessary for T ,New-York, edicalo- PhysicalJou'raL
hrer." boiling a little water. I had a tent with me, tJ 5 r 1 published ItIv E. IIISS a E. i-il111", tI
but seldom pitched it, we were all too tired, above valuable periodical work. published quarterl;y
"Kil or Cure,"'a genuine qricdole.-A short and my Arab thought it quite useless ; we slipt at g4, per annum.-Edited by Doctors Francis andi
time silce, a respectable medical practitioner, off our horses when nearly sleeping with fatigue Beck.
-rot a hmdred miles r,.m Ludlow, Salop, was and heat, the nose-bag was put over the poor CO.hlSTS re Nloti Art. I. i actl. aniS u l-c'e, a.
called up in thie night by a labouring man re- animal s head, and a cord round his two fore better to R Beck, tM. D. of Altanl, 'from John
-iding at a few miles distance, to attend his legs; the loose stine, were soon cleared from w Francis, 1. DU-Art. 2. An Experimertial En-
trife, v.-o was in child-bed. Mr.v W., who had a space large enough to receive our cacaases, risiry into the similtriiy in virties w1ime lthC I'Po-
often attended under similar circumstances and rolled up in a bornouse, in two minutes all diphyllutr andi Cuivoinlu Jatpa, ty Sclek,
irithout ohtairning any remuneration, asked the our troubles were forgotten. CesfUir'nieated by Bisters, b John Bse ec, A. sc-
man vho was to pay him. The countryman Fresh arrangements having been now made, .--Art 4. Case of self-per formed Carlocian Sc-
aloswered that he possessed five pounds, which, by v which it is hoped all the difficulties, except tion, communicated to Drs. Francis .anid Beek-
jil or cure, should be !Iis reward. Mr. WV. those of climate, may be avoided, Major Den- Art. 5 On tile Diagouris oflPh iag and Yellow Fe-
coulquently paid every attention to the poor ham has again set forward to rejoin his associ- ver, by oP. A'r e, NI --Art. 6. Ca-c of De-
a oman, who, notwithstanding, died under his rates, and in a subsequent letter says, 1 shall i spontaneous ElVuUsi.o," with .'rflectiuns on the
hands. Soon after other death, Mr. W. met the certainly make the attempt at returning home manner in which nature ifT-cts the delivery, by Tiro-
widower at Ludlow, and observed that he had by the way of Egypt." nits Cock, 1. I). and Jamr's t'endieron. D -
an account against him. Tie man appeared Art. 7. A Cattistical andd. Medical Account orf th Ge-
greratly surprised, and inquired for what. On JlIr. Clark, ofExeter 'Change.-Mr. Thomas tiesee Counrv. i the trate of Ne -York, by Ed-
being informed, he replied, "1I don't think I Clark, the well-known proprietor of Exeter Account ofseveral cases of Hyrophobia. which oc-
owe you any thing: did you cure my wife ?"- 'Change, where he amassed as large a fortune curred at Elvzabethlown, (N..i.) in a Letter, to Dr.
" No, certainly," said the accoucheur, it was as was, perhaps, ever gained by a single indivi- John tU Beck, by Ciharles Dvis, 1 D.rof Etiia-
not in the power of medicine to cure her."- dual in the way of retail trade, was one of tile betltowrn-Art. 9. Case g of the gradual loss ofiMns-
" Did you kill her, then ?" said the countryman. most singular individuals of his day, Selling cIlar Power, by John iV. Gloninger, D. of Leb-
" No; I did not," was the reply. Why then," nothing but what was of the best quality, being nunculus, with remarks, by Dr. Lewis C. Beck and
said the countryman, as you did not either content to sell at a small profit, and always ask- Mr. James G. Tracer, of Albai.y, (N. Y ) read be
:il! or cure, you are not entitled to the reward," ing at once the lowest price lie would take, he fore the Albany Lyceum of Natueals History-Art.
and walked away. acquired an extent of retail custom unrivalled II. Observations on what are termed the Alluvial
ndin ti metropolis, d his coffers illed rapidly Forations i the United States, in a Letter to Dr.
sand hirs covers filled rapid y Ftrancis, by Johir Firnch, Fellow o"f the Plillosophi-
Love and War.-Yesterday, Samuel James with the fruits of fair industry. But what, per- cal Socety of Birmighau. lrEVIEW. A ComPlra-
Collyer, Boufield Bartlett, and George Carpen- haps, served not less to promote his fortune was tive View ofi the censorial and Nervous Systems in
ter, three bookbinders' apprentices, in their the frugal, or rather penurious, mode of life Man and Animals, by John C warrenn NI. D. Pro-
holiday clothes, were brought up by a St. Mar- which, to the last, he observed. The cost of Iessor of Anatomy and surgery in the University at
Cambridge, Boston, 8vo pp 159, 1322. MNEDICAL&
tin's watchmen, charged with having unlawfully his dinner, on six days of the week seldom ex- PuHILOSOPHICAL ITILLIGENCE, (Domestic.) Notice

and against the Kinrg's peace assembled at lhe c 'eded ninepence; he took it on (he bare board of Atui blate, Sulphiret of Zrin, Anthracite and
bottom of St Marlin's-lane, for the purpose of in a small closet adjoining his range of shops, Limpid Quartz, by James tlHiadley, MNI. D.-Extract
fighting with deadly weapons, to the great ter- and after he had finished, would step across to of a Letter ftrou Dr. '. R Beck, of Albany, to the
"ltrdirs-Sinrgrir case of D$'mery of Twins, by .
ror of the foot-passengers, and the imminent the public house opposite, to the west of the E Jiohlston, ul.D.-ase ol Coimpoun Pregnancy,
hazard of their own personal safety. 'Change, take a glass of gin and water, which by G. BanckeCr, I). D.-Monthly Jouinal of Mcdi-
Collier and Cip titer were the principals cost an additional two-pence, and then immne- cine University of the State oflNew-York-Gradu-
in the fight, Bonfield lartliett being the second diately return to resume the business of the day. ales it thie College of PhIysicians anid Si-rgeon of
of Collyer; and the affair of honour between Such was tire even, undeviating tenor of his New-York-Graduates in the College of Physicians
unt Surgeons at Fairfield. FortEr-. Oin lDeath
these redoubtable heroes was brought about,.as way till he approached his 80th year, when hie produced by the Nux Voinica, by M. Segalas-New
many other affairs of the kind are among g:eat- expired, after a short illness. So large were mode of operating i'r Prolapsus Ani, by M Dupuy-
er men, by the caprice, coquetry, or something the profits of Mr. Clark's trade, that when the iren-Case of Cwsarian Section, by AM. Borrone-
else, of one of the fair sex. Collyer had been income tax was imposed, he returned them at Meteorological Ob-e'vations-N'otices. a 9 d&clw
praciising in all love's artillery" upon young 6,001. The tax-collector conceiving that he N WOOL WAREHOUSE,
milliner, who to him Was every thing that had, by mistake, returned, and over-rated too, N O. 34 CLIFF-STREET, (corner of Fulton-
" youthful poets fancy when they love," and his whole stock,instead of his income, sent back street) established for the reception and sale of
believed that he had already made great pro- to Mr. Clark his schedule for correction. Mr. Wof on Commission. of
gress in awakening sentiments of a reciprocal Clark added another thousand, and begged to Manrtfacturers ca be supplied with Wool ofaevery
kind, when all his blissful visions u ere sudden- assure the collector that he had now stated the paper, or their goods taken on deposit, or hor sale
ly dispelled ; for he was waiting one evening in utmost amount. "Ay, but (said the other) I on commission, or in barter for -Wool.
anxious expectation of thle arrival of his mis- want your income, not your property." "-,Will Sheep- Holders wili atthis establishientsfind a rea-
tress at a particular spot, according to appoint- you be content to take it as my income?"- dy sale for their Wool on commission or pturchase,
ment, when she all at once burst upon his as- Oh, yes !" "So will I," replied the old mer- and every facily afford t ,
tonmshed sight, leaning upon the arm of Mr. chant, and wished the astonished collector a Full and mixt blood V, oul lm Fleece,a handsome
S(arpenter, and patting him familiarly on the good morning. The fortune which Mr. Clark Common Wvool assortment.
cheek. His feelings were too big for utterance ; left to his family is supposed to have amounted Hatting, Spirning and Merino Skin Vool
and fearing to trust himself in their presence at to nearly half a million. Spanish, Portuguese anl Iceland Wool
such a moment, he ran home and betuok him- so for Sale, Neats Foot and Olive Oil, Woad,
self to his garret in London-house-yard. Here, Cloughl and Shute.-Mr. Clough, the actor, T. azies, Fullers' Soap, Spindles, Hand Shears, Ne-
after sundry attempts, rhe produced an epistle, had a ,ery peculiar idea of amusement. The gro Cloth and Drabbets
suitable, as he thought, to the occasion; and most diverting thing in the world to him was a ool sod by A OBE SON O.
availing himself of that ready channel of corn- public execution; and he wouldd sooner fail in A FARM FOR SAL
munication, the tioopenny post, dispatched it being at the play-house on the night he was to The Subscriber offers forsale, a FARAM
next morning to Mr. Carpenter. This note act, than omit attending the unfortunate cul-about forty-five acres, wellproportioaed
contained a challenge to the latter to meet him, pits to Tyburn, and be a spectator of the or i.,i'tw, Plow and Timber Land, situate in the
giving" him the choice of time, place, and wea horrors of death in their last moments. He town of Warwick, county of Orane and state of
puns. Carpenter, on the receipt thereof, me- nwas one night at a coffee-houie, wiren hearing New-York. 'i'ery are or the premises a Fulling
turned this very proper answer :-" Jemnsy- the clock strike eleven, hie abruptly rose and Ail i 8, Carding Machine, all inrcomnplete repair. It
turned ts y poe : Jemmy- s situate on a fine Strcam of Water, and is one of
If you trouble me with any more of your non- Paid his reckoning: an acquaint.nee of his, the best standsinthe County for aFactory There is a
sense about duels, I shall thrash you well; and sitting by him, asked What is the matter, WVood Lot of about thirty acres, situate within a
if that will not do, I must apply to your me- Clough; your hour is not come yet; you never mile and a half from the Farm, which can be had
their. G. C." The valiaht Mr. (ollver, how sIir till one ?" '" Ay," replied Clough, but with the above Payments will be made easy.
ever, was not so easily put down. )e wrote o not you know lithere is business to be done For further particulars, inquire o tck i subscriber,
living ins tie village of WVarwick,
another letter to C'arpenter, in which the term to-morrow, and Ned Shuter and I are to at- april 2-c SILVANUS FANCHER.
coward" was used. This was too much; tend ?" Ned, who had been up all night in a Goodsell's Patent lHem, and Flr Dresser and
and Carpenter determined to meet him at the joyous party, was only in his first sleep when r- Grain T/hrsher.
place appoinited--rnamely, the bottom of St. Clougi called upon him, and could not be pro- HE subscriber having purchased an interest
liartin'e-lanc-not, however, intending to use failed upon to rise : Clough set off for the scene in the above named machine, is ready to disposeof,
any oilier' weapons than those furnished imn by of pleasure by himself, vociferating loudly, rights for the counties of Sullivan, Ulster, Dutchess,
Nature. lie found Collyer there, attended by was there ever such a fellow? lie has no and all other counties soulh of them, in the state of
Bartlett; and the latter immediately produced more taste than a Hottentot !"-Ciough's taste, New-York; tIe states of Connecticut, New-Jersey,
two sword-canes, which he drew, and presented after all, was not singular: those who write nestthereof. e states ad te soth
one to each. Carpenter objected to that mode ; melodrames, and those who flock to see them, The said machine weighs about 200 lbs. is very
< t Collyer, placing his back against a house, belong to the same class. Lord Byron, with simple in its construction, and almhnost indistri-.mf't1
took his rapier in his rignt hand, and putting his fondness for N ewgate-calendar heroes, is in its composition, being made chiefly of cast iren.
ook his left hand before his face, called utti an exact counterpart of Clouigh. When driven by one hurse, or water power, :t is
his left hand befoi c lled out- p capable ol breaking, scutching and hiAcklina of dew
"nCome oen Sir; mnow, Sir, tomic 0n.'' At i-- or wrnate rotted flax, by thie labour of a single per-
!his critical moment the watchman made his The skeleton of a rhinoceros was discovered son, 100 bs. per day, and in a stvle far superior t6
pearance, and before they could disperse, a short time ago, by some miners in search of that usually done by hand. Of hemp, that is well
nr cad other to his istane, and they' lead ore, ninety feet below the surface of the rotted, (and it is not pretended hat it will dress un-
S called othe- to is assistance, an eyeart in tie neihborhod of Virtsworl, in rotted heinp or lax,) thlie same person, with the
were convey(. ; lie watch house-a place earth, in the neighbourhood of Wirksworth, in me niachiue,n nmav dress iut lont mn arket,nr from 2 to
roll calculri l> "to rml oany remains of coure what is called diluvian soil.' The bones are in 300 O bs. ter day ; nd. ith the most trifling altera-
th llcalculat l ave ris of orage a perfect state, and the enamel of the teeth un- ion of the rest or inerum, upon which tiie flax
The rm i-.'trate (Mr. -Talls,) after giving these injured. and hemp are held when broken, the same machine
silly ho a severe reprimand, discharged Car'- -- Ill thrash out from 60 to 80 busliels of any kind of
ntly r ad sevorderd tep rimand, dischared Car- er is a child liing' in Ca-lie, at t grain per da-A clover cleaner, and straw cutting
n and odeed ohr wo o fid sur- a child C arlisle, at the age parats, y be attached to it, also, at pleasure,
ties to oeep tlc peace. r f-of 3montlhs only, which is so much attached but thecy are not intended to be furnnished with the
e peace. to a pip of tobacco, that its mother, in order machine. Those who may wish to make use of
to appease its crying', frequently grants it the them, will be furnished with a model for the pur-
The Portsmouth Cause.--Whatever the indulgence, and it apparenilv enjoys the tobac- pose. The whole is set in motion without cog
Portsmouth Cornmmission may make of his Lord- co, itout cain the least sickness wheels or spheels, o reels-A five inch strap over a
a'ilp, it appears likely to make a considerable oute least n whirl, of suritable rdimensioins, thIe ii-
edmction in is estae. nty guires- a-datues for wiich, where thie farmer ihas timber of hig
reduction in his estate. of went guineas a-dy EPITAPHS. own, may be completed at an expense of about ten
ar paid for the use o f Freeiison's Hall, where .t Ockhain, in Surrey, 1736. dollars, constitute its gearing. rThe price of a
tle inquiry is held; covers 're laid for sixty The Lord saw good, I was lopping off wood, single machine and the rie.'iht to use it, is one hundred
every day at dinner, for the commissioners. And down fell from the tree ; dollars. There is one now in daily operation at the
counsel, &c.; then there are the fees of coun- I met with a check, and I broke my neck subscriber's place ay satooshen, opposites of it pr-
sel, th!e t. i.;,.' expenses, and maintenance And so death lopp'd off ine. fobinance and utility.
.>f five or six hundred witnesses, and many At SelbU, in Yorkshire Leiters, post paid, directed to the subscriber at
other minor charges. All these matters are Here lies the body of poor Frank Row, New-York, requiring further information or the
said to cost at least 4001. per day ; and should Parish cleric and gravestone cutter; pric of a state, county, or town, will eduty a ttend-
the inquiry continue three months from the conm- And this is writ to let you know, ed to. SAMUEL SWVAR'.WOUlT.
!ncncement, as was anticipated, there will hlitve Wihat Frank for others used to do, feb 8-dlv c6m
ieen an expenditure of more than 30,000/.!- Is now flr Frauk done by another. I HAfRDiW.ARE, CUTiLEifY, -c.
and that, too, for a mere preliminary proceed- Ir ll'iaore' Churcih-yard, o oe Jomhn Penny. 1 H tE Subtscriber hast received, inr addition to his
irg'. 1cr-Here honest John, wholi oft the turf had paced, hate ir.hases a auction the fllomhig Shellield arm
S. Ae t o s a t r j1 t- ,i3 Birmingham GOODS, which he offers for sale at the
Aulld topp'd his mother earth, in earth is placed ; tinest market prices, for cash or approved credit,
Nor all the skill of John himself could save viz :ed credit,
Expedilion for exploring the course of the Fron being stopp'd within an earthly grave. Real Stag, Fancy for Buck, Horn lip and White
.ANier.--The mission, consisting of h)r. Oude- A friend to spurt, himself of sporting fame, Bone Table Knives and Forks with Deserts and Car-
nojy, Major Denham, and Lieutenant Clapper- John died he had lived, with heart ofgame ; vers to match ; Table and Butchrs' reels; Butcher,
tion, had on their first journey arrived at Nor did he yield until his mortal breath Bread. Cook and Siree Knives,; fine and lo s priced
'lIourzuki, the capital of the kingdom of Was Iard rundown by thatgrmnn sportsman, Death. lenn & Pocket Knives ; Scissors & Razois ; Sportis-
Fezzan, in the month of April last, in the best Reader if cnsh thou art in want of any, ri Ba P c en t Knies fine ', ne' B ar
health and spirits, having performed their journey Dig iour feat deep, and thou wilt hind-a IPEN. sTn. ,ors and Sicissors assorted on Cards ; Hand l Pan-
in ,l days, a distance of 600 miles. On arriv- In (./adstrc. Cliurch-yiard, Cornwall. rne Saws ; Iron and Brass Back do. assorted ; Sheep
ing at Mourzook, the same house was pie- 'Twsi by a fall I caught my death.- Shears ; Cast Sleel Chisels andl Gouges, assorted;
pared for theiin that had been inhabited by iAlr. o manm can tell his time or breath.- do. Double & Single Plane Ironus ; Dr awing Knives ;
tlitchic and his friends in thie year 1819, ni 1 might have died aus soon as then, un d Rile Licks ; Fiesa f at inls ; itania
lwheure he fell a victim to the arduous cnter- if 1 had had plysician mi n. Double and single Shot Beinsc ; Knob, Mortice and
piise he had ind erltaker. All those whio have .lt .\'orthallkrton. ('Cloet blocks ; Bauri'yn, fine Plate arut ihrass Bush'd
read C(aptain Lyon's interesting narrative o IIic jacket Walter Ccun, Stock do.; ('Ch.-i. Cupbo ard a Till do.; Double
this ju, cirlties that presented themselves to the furlher Sic tran it tlr'ias mun'dii La hies; Commoc Knobs tnt and Bright lFanc,
prosecution of their object, and tihe inrivations le Idrank hard upon Friday, Brass Curtain and Cloak Pins; Iron & Biass Sock-
tiny Iad here to encounter and endure ; whirich Tht blirng a lhigh day, et Casiors and Balls, Brass and Iron Dour Knock-
ptrallysod their exertions by exhausting at lThen took to his bed, aud died upon Stunday. ers; Cast and WVrought i hinges; Woond ber-ws ;
once their hIeallh and resources. Ilajor Den- O. tr'. Turnr, area'' t urr, uwhodieui.the- i ear 16-I8. Spectacles ; Pckel inn Dr ncss Crom. ; rt
halm, fearing lest his hopes rnigh-lit be defeated 'urnr, thIe miser, is depriv'd of breath, ann sor;n S tr ; nun lVruglit TPiae s and Brads;i-
by similar means, and all his endeavours to ad- A-nd tirn'd into another world by death ; Clout Nails; Iron and Tin'd Rivets ; Sihoc Pincers
vnce to ourn proving incfecual, decided on was a goodiurn for some that 'twas in dearth; and iNippe s ; Carpenifers' and Coopers' Compasses;.
minc to Bt urns r-aiso rine mimi rig to oI n lie lov'd the world, ant so did turn to cd. /u: stio' Taclks and A it Bladiietes ; Lths Rifle mnd Mus-
the lhazrdotus alternative of returning to T ripoli Is is Ii s ad -th e woms a least ; et FIaus ; N il a Sp luie nblts ; Hl e muing
and Ie describes his journey in those words :- For Adamn's orfeit, Death had interest. Sons' Gold and Silver E ed h-Nctle. ; Iron & Steet
I hi pursuance of ny initentions, wnich you n ,u l Ning Pins; Stalia and Toilet Looking Glasses;
-were made acquainted with by my letter ifrom l i thar' lies poor Swat'r uIm-c, "'l... 1 ...I ; Screw Plites; Slates; Rat Tralps;
SMorzouk, I left that place on the 19th of 'lhe priunc of good ftllowh tons in a great va'ivs ; Spoke ihaves; Bracesant
SMay, and after twenty-three days of very gueal Clerk of Allhuallows, its; Brassto, Jiraa pan'd'and Iron Candlesticks; hi azorc
fatigue, arrived hierc (Tripoli) on the 1 th of AI lutnker of bellows. S:rops ; Fish Hiouks; Fancy aind Common Snumff
last month. One Arab Sheikh and twio camels tle bellows dlilhnurke 'till thie di:ty of his death ; lunxes; Steiel and Japan'd Tobuacco Boxes ; Hatner
Composed, with n myself, tlIe caravan. Our Buthe ithliatmudebitIlows could nevermake breathi. Chains; Bhu't and Patent Meltal Cocks ; Nail andi
ni';! tImn was frPms 14 to 1 6 hours in tc '24 on In the Church-ard,/ ,/ st,- ,i:.hr ,, in usse.c. easn f- en s Ci ui 11',-ass asines ;KSt le
the mnucd ; and in passing thIe Deserts (three The bitter' cup, that Dlcthl g:ve rme, anit Skillets I;ritania and 'uw'sr Tea 'ots, c.
,srnh fcuu'ulays rn icrpln) rct'uys 8 hunmr ; tre s pasin rouutito orte to hre. irrin rmcr am' o InLI'hrh. I ea) tmiull hAN'

andl four days in cngth) always 18 hours; the Is passing round to come to the, with a variety of PLATED. TIN'D and. AAlN'D.
Camels scarcely e'er allowed to re.-it; the On P'rince lienrn, soI Jrn.u Firust, bUj IIH. Rouicul SA.VWDL-ERiY, embracing all the leading articles ir
Shalt we always inad in the middle of the d:it Did lihe die young ? oh no, it could not be, t huie.
to allow the camels to come up, was by far the For 1 know few that liv',1 long but he, Ienrcl nts Pfoml the Country are invited to exas
most trying part of the journey, exposed Io tin' "'ill (iod aud all men lov i nl im: then be bold. Die NLs st 1. ". r, ml Puarl-street.
burning heat of their mid-day sun, whire' nature That man thua liv'-t so !onl must needs be old. ALSO, I cas: ....., .;.;... 1000 of \Vilso's re.
lhad not provided shade sufficient for a grass- -"-- -- ,-- .. ... ... ,rr.... lebrated r Airw as I nl .i Il Mills, warranted sit
Sr,,,'Iat the bi c li ,er mn.snrs l i
hopper, lying on a scorching saud, anid wih i sii5iuatd at Hudsun, on thle banks of tile pcror in every Iespcit to those imipmated.
nothing to alleviast our poarlhing thirst bun t, _' Le .rtr', inn ;(d order, with suicient returns april m-chlw
wretched water which had been several days in i, t' g mo Itoropeanun inoncdiatily, having undergone )raicig 1irms.
2 beastly skins, was a miisery I1 h-ad tno concep- j t ri i rOREhOUS, built of stu3ne, hrI- iXnAI'ING 1" oh& hD'I:tt. untlape S-eenery may
tion of before. At mgnit we generally go(t a i (,inini m m th same. The tots on winmi the n prove- hIn purchased by single sheil, colouned or plain ;
little kouscacous, withi sume I pt mand salt, no miuTirls are nmue front on: the river 90e lct, l-nd ut0 Newmai's colours illn hbes ; Velvet culours ill
bad supper; but a cup of tea was luxury sit- iLt ctdeep. Th're is sunllcient depth lin water at all I oxes, complete, with sc'rubts, &c.; Earthi u 'Il;us,
s prtome, as it aliUslied thirst, and otk oilff' tu L rs Mew conuintli.te vessels to uitchl anl take h kmuian and Lan.gdon' 1 Pncils ; fhtig tPaper
Sf the hu i t cr ; our ...-: .out tf tIe' l) tillrr'. 1.- ns -r irpaymernt of all itinuls; Ivory 1 ahpcr ; bism ul l iud..; tiunbo-
i edge of the pi d ti sle of tie bu ad ter ; our I .. 'ca and title ihndisiitabhl. Prisons nated Plaper for tracing, &c. nC. with a variety of
fire, which was always made by sc;ra|iing to- msAisin," ti purchase wili p,'ase apply to LUDLUM, other articles for drawing, for sale by
gether the camel's duug which we found, tvas JOHlNSlON CO, 16 Sullth-st. m,'irch 13-dlcst nmi O ill.KINRY l. MEUGAREY, 9I hBroadway