Providence patriot, Columbian phenix
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073179/00002
 Material Information
Title: Providence patriot, Columbian phenix
Portion of title: Providence patriot & Columbian phenix
Alternate title: Providence patriot and Columbian phenix
Providence patriot and Columbian phoenix
Providence patriot
Physical Description: v. : ; 53 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Jones & Wheeler
Place of Publication: Providence R.I
Creation Date: January 13, 1819
Publication Date: 1814-
Frequency: weekly[june 16, 1832-]
weekly[ former jan. 15, 1814-dec. 26, 1818]
semiweekly[ former jan. 2, 1819-june 9, 1832]
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Providence (R.I.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Providence County (R.I.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Rhode Island -- Providence -- Providence
Coordinates: 41.823611 x -71.422222 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service and Recordak Corp. and on microopaque and microfilm from Readex Microprint Corp.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 12, no. 1 (Jan. 15, 1814)-
Numbering Peculiarities: Issues for Jan. 2, 1819-June 29, 1825 and Nov. 11, 1829- have irregular alternate numbering.
General Note: Title varies slightly.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09723757
lccn - sn 83025643
System ID: UF00073179:00002
 Related Items
Preceded by: Columbian phenix, or, Providence patriot

Full Text


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[Th- clxraordinary I tt.-r, or. rtlh-r V,ri n.t-...;, .
C"f ',i. Pirt irr., S p intIh .-rre.lary of 1"a1-, ..r
thec .tii.j .! .il thi- iate S-ar fii olhI. -Semnlinole In-
di n- I Ic nie t.-n ostentatiously published through-
S ut i.i -,rpe -*: dtvl as imerica, the President has
jAidgfd it prop r It c, au- a pritild I-ipl. al.i n I.)
i( -ni,.l: t, it, trt e e-iu l pnn'j l; ly "I h.- lol'I h iP -
in,', %vhi. Ih iz I llir 1' l ly .-I" ll, i ei ri rv.r -,
iry (-.I' fli' J Q Ad.-il. ) r. ,Jir, t l.c it j.y
the I'rpf- l.ril. l. ill : Is un.J --r-,- l li- fih r -th r.ie
and ahii.r- ting hiiate Paperir., OL ri t i- t.-crd; oI tl-
Il,,nai.t .j J

G tH E-I.

T 'i. ,' r. fiiy. j4 tt'rif.le i t i --t,si .'! ,'tt'He I" Ift-cI
S 1 l.5 l r i l. ifl'l/ lt l: 'f ',lt. i',,*J.I J f ,:(.;(
o pn.rt ti t .V t.-lrff

',tit N-i-mnbcr, I.l..:.
Your despatches, to No. 92, inclusive, with
their enc.losiree. htive been recitved at this De-
p.jruir-lnt. Arii. iF'ntif. li:l'u'ui :.-, are the seve-
ral oui, l f; Ii-.r Ii j,-.u I.y M.. I i -ato. nit re-
h ,l.'i ti lIps llI t tis-' tifrt-,0 fli ,.nlli "; ii .Ifl. i -n of
Ciiir r.i ..,' k-un .u it- m 1 Ih r '-* u,,*: i rL,- J. i and

It i t til i i .i tisi pI -.n I ut. It in ln iia n ihout

lit n: r ii.r ir l;: l. ,i r -"Il- i t 1 ,,l' I I P- l, .. I
lirh nli.,, Il .Uii L d-litr. i i i,- L' ti l.t. :a-- :r.td
f-p Ill. is' il fi-l Il n h, all I i e -ii n-ll i. ly
lii, lliii ',, ,n I .,rilretni t,"il ilI I". Il.. l.- : pro-
Cu- tiir .,It i; n r,;ir l t i, ahn ii hit .iul ciders
: ,, .it i:, a ii .i: o l hfi l ii ; :t:i l' d irt liiim, and
a i.,jl r.-.. upr Ili 1 h1.i.uf tt (l. ; H. only
a i" (-rtIF It li. a t it tat J I% titII' i L i.:d 'On-

sI1, r.1 i iJ h l. e | lull 'l bi r l' *hul |, I,.: l i,.l, -

t I-l .. I r. i l i ii- ie It i lt- 1i i
., a l, -> u Iti ti-l' I- t tII ir ,f I.,,l .f Ll tlt

:. -. -- :r it i' _, 1l .-n ** p rt :. t paint

i i(. b. tn -,11A1 h( t-, -A t a k.I; .. any
\ l l l- h i-lc ra.. u. ir i t- u -, L- 'l ai st ,

.h m i i i 1 .i r pi I-. t i .i I 1 .- i 1 t l ii
l). m .l.lll ril. slip l.|, 'r ll"ll i l-i itl* l Ij l.. I ,.;,
S .en 1 lr. -. I ,-ti ii : r. a ,l. i- lr i p- .
I.-o I-,1.1, l ii -ll I hit, 1. ft-tilt.. d b, f i .ii y

,I t ',.I .at r dih.Ih I .f ,
it .it- i f-p" Ii ii" lt .i'i J *it n i h .it l-i the ain,
1., I. I -Ir I *- i ll t i lit it l ..I ni liil;- t. any
Sfr ,,,i I- i oil ul.. is .| u. tI I- pi r rece :ai nst

n i ni on CH .-1 :act, nor i wit
a l -I I I, i. i. l ti i I -r i i. ,io r. r i. it ipos
itut. L ii_ it t irl' in a- nyi. p- ar ihostli ty tl' t

a -I 1 ,tll. J't ': "it* ; a 1, l I f ._ .I f i o, i.t ift-

l, -i It i- l t ',ii Rti'i, ; t i rJl, 'it l .
: i 'ii 1 i"- ':l- lli- in'" ,II V :p,-a. ]orl. ,?, the
,-i.ri-l ..i '-n i-ru nu.r ll i .. I i. nr- i t i. 1 sat..-
tii.. t I, ,ll. [** ,tlr 'i t ,_ I ._-f t i 'n -
i-lu I l.ri<.- ti., ih,. l .t- *itni.it .i t ',- i he An erican
m.mr ri, i- c.-i I. l tu- -" ai,\ i -* receilited by
t.itn fririt il.l .Iiitfl t., '.0 c- i i tIh.ct, nor with
u.1 i t-, ,* i r, n I i.-, t. It-" IPii' orn tle p0o-
i .u;,,ti ,t -p .ii ft -f, iii alty i'r0n ,t- hostility to

iI, i r ,'" h l -. -fnrn. ufrl l it ; I. hiI ii lu..e fronl i-.ti-
. I < tf l.. '.. _. '"*-na r d i-f t -r_- ,,,:,:' h ,.i.t n l ',f l io -_

e'i."] r I"if. -l ri l .n t --it th, iii nn l i made
S i,,t a l,. .H l .-ur -.i 5.1 cf-i i lted him,
3rI I- i !i, I.. -l'tr I-t ti : -t. ii i' 'Istepsof
,, ... Apilt1 X -`T I I. n- n tr fIapi -.
I .,n II cis-n rl h i .. IitI k-, .- iii ul.l d I o
S i,V f.i- ,., utro d',nt nl' i i. .t ri 1t urnic h
i X i., I,,f c -,;,:c ,l t :,. ,i ... r I em ade

i-l, ,,, t. I I'r.I "-. at i F...j- i '-I. l : hi. ,

nj1In l l- t :it r. hi hit. nii t-, i i I- t.i --t'
1. t i. i. lit. it. I,ii I.- -: t: 1 i '.f u, Of

Ithi,,i n I. t up..,n f-h.-... r ..,I- h. n t :10 urgoni-
i r tl i n I, : 1 TI. -, ,: :_ ," l ,: i ,. ,

i,,. i ,,- i lt. tili 1, I t,. h 'i I -.. I as pi i of
t r r iw .f l ,i t .I'. I, l, I n i it, in tll ithe rela-
ht,.., l .I .I it r tut u I' I,-r vlS, t I, Io he lsu p-
Pl I -Ir.- ...'. ,: ie l -; ui ,n proci eed i ofl
Ei. nl, .--l I ...... i '-l .1 i ii,- ti .l -Ipa sh cab-
an d, Il l ..lhll ** -It r, l -in a r I 1 1 ,r n 1ll ... ll, :.

lI.I -ni- f, l in, h tll i" I i l Iir U -, ,1 in .l -
-, -' 1 i" dI. l,' I : Jcr ,-,1 d j: '- ni .i L I
wajr. : n
I t l ii ,- ile .-!,..-r,:, -r. .p ui r, I t.d ih gOt -
0n lthi l ilt u Isilili. I s r e is -' ""ts

un..I *lr WIF L I "I I 6 C- 1
p,- i.- proceeding of

am:,rto l it i1 ll ,- i ,ii, i l-- panih ca-I
neutral, a Br itish irie. ..f- l- in, i. i
qii.. t'd.,ni l ii i ri uIi f.t i

in F l...r -d s It 1 .;- t. -: 1, l i -
l .]i t ln II : ,,- t,. 1 1 'd. i I -ni -, l. -
ii Lh. 11-, I l l'.i ,'' I ,, 1-',I. ai I -, t -
i o .ih r"h .il l--. 1-i O f 'I 'I H I 'l
wihir reach iof their su ionsI i'-l -i..I cr ,-I I i sld

ir'.1, andl I )r.;:- ri .rriri- f-frrni it" r .,ait in't if;
p -ii)n f. I Lt .:t U[-ItIL-J cla.:. ,t .Jii -clj- l ..ly id r-
n1 IIn .a, 1hi- ri-ulril, "ind Inu: \n' 1.t., le rr; i"ci iy
(.,' Fp n. TJ'h l,.i c, nirin .:.rd:-r ,...I i kI i bi B i h
i.frr., I.'a c--rt,:t rtn (',,I iii l-. .lK ., dtfirt
f li.,.m Pr n-i. a ul.i by ihb p[,u irI'ahi f fl.< nrt al J 1,-.. l-
-,*,n,, a ,tu-l Il l. 1 I.Io IA blko1.: uPi, : t p ,,ro h I .Iw t
il bI I ." .. i i. r. I I.:.liih. it .I i .. rj,...t it .... l
htIn a r i:.l t,'r,, i-od, evacuating that part of it,.
l:..i(..t.-, IAnji-Jd oi mother, i.-til..ilj:-d lhrn- I .r
tI A pp l a.'.-.i t trF, an6 II.-:e r ,: 1 i: ..,
hil-' i ilt I 't 'l. l It.l h ',II l t I 'li hI fri ll': til lt '- A.
L. tiilh t W. a.1t ,.i .t ,,1 l ,it ; -..:, in: i h-
l':ir.ek:-l bol-idr, w l Hir Lirnill,.. )-l,. ir ih.i. i-
ni ) \ rii L l .., II.I: luir t : ,.. ri.- i:.1 I a C i
,i\ .,',,ital nii 1-, ., tied in the frilish colonies,
Ir.t llitl. G4. .-. ,. .i .' Jlitrt:. I- i t C ,,I p it I d, .fi, I
11-- .] 'itb~Lt t C lli.ll l Aru.l i-I.r f is u L Ui.. uh .-a
L IX I *- I.,I ,, I ii : l (rit. 'I It-l t ,i.J G r.- .t-
LX2 ) b iunt.ui, -I..ul Il- i ill izfi .i i.rj ll,
l.dr t ,In t- ,.ri i ,n .i t -it *a -I. I it ,I li t ,:I-Ii-i i-
1 -ll t i,-' l I it[ X -, A h It-l l-llt.,.-iof
(',.il. .li, I. iIi o. wd with .the war. i, h:
li.l rn.ot ,.,ri.j-,:r ih: I -'tce which ensued between '
Uhlie jnt-d t,-i.; -.iii Great Britain, as i.iii
P-i Ll-i iriJ i- t ii l I, ) la m ilitari .* l,. i ,,[ir ,,i I.,
hn: ntir ,itli;i,:ui. ui % i the Indian i, h t i.: i.: r t-
C.I I iF- norths alt. f s ut ti
<.i .-l 1ii: -. 0-. dr l '!f i oni hs a. i'i it I lt. i ...i.i
io l ls Iii, l ir I- i I t -l. hi t ,li. i l. II. I .t ii iiiJ

II. Al VI c I 'I, : l. '; k h he h d |
it -- by Ir ,i, l I 1, i ,i .I .i i i ,
fi .- it L I ;-it It ir i [ll- llI, ri l Ih- I.. I I l r,,

l I id I r.I l li .i I 1 I i hl i I.
i, Il .I i|. li. I i rI II'- |- r .- _I ri.- li.- i., A i ll i%
li-- I -. L '.' tI .1 ..t 'lt- '' i i n It Ji. ..: Ii .It i

t' ni I i.r_. ii .. :i i.' *. [lie Semiaoles ofFlor-
lit l-I I1 i ,till ',- ii ;',d '-1lu;ks, whool he had
inri .. i r.:,. i w i l 111 -, II .. I i I. l .. I) 'i .. ..

of '' l i I I f I, t. i tl l ii t t i i i, ,-
11. 1 Ill I. ,. H e .. .. i .. I .. .. ,, .
in I... - .. i. : w ith I ..I !-l : r I-,,
.\ ir ..i lt, i ,, I Sta d, lih, ( .- I ..I
gave l.i, i- l..i.' in their natime, with a mockery of
soletn ri. ti' h.- A had concluded a i- ..i. i .. .1i-
IX liance, (i :i .... t defensive, and a treaty
of navigation and Comnmerce,with Great-Britain,
pf w,'ir-h mnre" v-- t- hitl-ie'nht after it should ibe
II [.I I I IJ .. (-, 1 -.. l..i- iI... t-. ,
I .- l i il t i. f I t i i A i i-
u -' tr 1 I ,i.- ,'i 't i l' ,,:I- l' l i-it ,,h I h. i
i i. l ,:i. ri .- 1. I1 I ; /;... i.st on the Appa-
I tCIlc. : u --It-t l I ,t- l ttI, : i .itl ..I l, I i i
'iI. L, I rr i nL. -i k I 1."r -i_1 ,ri ,it .I ,-
th,. 0--lv, I. -a I .:Ir. : 1 ., ,,,,
UI) l lI' id 'ti '.- .. i i the I .i j...- I if -
1.1 '.i i- ll- .l -- .r. ,r 11 .i i ,. fort, amply sup-
l' h.1 it .i ta't. i -m -I t i .-I .imunilion, to the
1 1 .I N ,.. ii,-,i ..-. his allies. It af-
11 J. i -i, ,' i ..: I 1 -n e of ,.,- ..: F ort.
(. .I !i .i I it rii I .... nunicated to this
S"' ui it l .... l .- .. between him and
h- I]-, r i f i.i.I: i ..,i: of whic malrk-
.I -. i .- r :a l i i i~, .. i ,, t i I il .,i i ... I

l Ir t l ,.,: lt h l ', .1 i.. I 1.- i l l I. ,I I II,
i lih CI tll .: ,J' l li i l -, 1 l \\ ..t l it .i .ii -
l liI.-; I O.:' i.h i in lu I, tu I-,. i t. III..
11t p' ICr i (t i tr II. ? ;II ,r I,. .. o tre ivy of
t I r .ui l h itr-. t i i ll l *.. I. it i t ,
X l. I i it. l *lr : i -.1 1 i -0 l -. A 1
-,I th .,Au ice..L' -,_ ce- ,. ,.,, ,, .
i[l t-r _-, i ti t- t ,.t.'l -i "n, ice -. : .. i. ,.- I-i-- it .
the Mir ;r .-. l ... ..1 Stites, then. a lt ., .,J.
wiri t, t .'|li.n.t- l. ,. .1.... .. ; h .: ,.h

( i t 'ILt it '. l i l l. t ''' .. n ... I I .i i
i. i r.. I I.. i i i I ri N nit ,i i I .. "
It -ft .1. I. f itiil iilpl. 1.1-1 pt:li -it ur.
tltil al. b. It i L. 1 Ii -I ',l- t L.:e l d

:-t i. 0t 1 11', d ,'i .II.a e J" |I 1 l' n I n...l ;J -i
Ii i ... J .. I I.' I I -r I I i l I

A i, tn ri f t :.i I r It- t il r .. ,I 1 r l t. I l t- l i. ti--
I, -. l... I I. I o I I d il I a..1 1 om- s oi-I
,. -c. lA t. Ir. f, l h. I i, 1, l-'. r. l ", .. IA l .. I

a. -,l .I ... i. i l, s I t l. b -I., i n. de ; a .1l the
,\.... r ghra ,i li arsl. 1i-..tish government
!i,3 i- .hu ii 1 .- i n.lii.ui r ai.- e. I- would send
.,i. i, tic, iad anst whom ', -.I ., t, i .cii n oi
11,m. i 11 advice' to niake their :.S- such
lIlrn s i ..' unl obtain.c Lord C -a i 'i
tOfth i tI l h,. .it u, '. I -I- IIS led .1 ,' id h ,
S I r., ,-.d : i. 'L l i. h i i n' n e 11 0 Ci.. -- 1 -
,,ul. .-11 ,, ,-" 1- ... .. ,l ,ll I IW l Oh. I ,

,u.i 1 r',- l,,, it ll, toonoured with a comil sion,
., i -:;i -1:1 iil II is to ibe I t,.- J -I,, i these
w'eri' ee granted hi m as rewards of past ser-
I l r-. ,.i is encouragement to expect any
,.....J .,m I : I. Fli in a continuance of
-,, ... h l-'ltl-:' ir-. iit United States, all in-
1, j.1r, ,4 ; "--g any such support having been

,;,: J 1.1 Ir 1,nohI e p a 'e. Il.ill It- h l I.I- l it. t h ,
l',- h l r,. H, d Ti ,1- : I' i,,i r i 'inn l,:rt,:>- T A.; :.:.iii ."

,.I-, b.L :.Il 11 i' i.i: I.1 .-i.I Ui .ll 1:n It r I. Ithe

a J,-i,1 -p.,ni-l r i" i-.. r.l 1 I.I L .: -, '- :l A. .'-r.,:a ;
!.i. ,- ll,, ".n hli/ 1,i |'t down this common

nuis nce to the peacahje i.1. ii, -t! *'bothcoun-

XV'.) Irt-s. iT 11i. r, tog .tt, %itl, i- c --.c
Sail I l hl G ,t h ,-,,:iy .I Pcn .:.-l., bh-'- .:-i.- ,J .
I-:-icu tiitiitililti. ,l ii ] t h'[e ip tt,, ltl X lter hi re,

A l.l i 1 1, i l,: l, ti- hi l,-i- i.l....1 .,d ;
i l h r. I ,i- i t i t i I: I i it in l I ., -
r: ,,.', ,. I, I, .J..,I -- l n l -n .:,..,.r i f,j r-
*+ l I I' I l r1 r ,, .| i ', | ]i I |1,, |.:, | ,] ,| '
li,'1 e- l i I r i I 11 i I.- ..I li -. -I,.
I i ,: riJ r t h i II : 1. i I i it .:, 1i.11
Itfh ti-i h-il, l -,lt fl, l ii- t.ti l u[ n ihi.-
1,i ,:u l ,:, :h: t i i It t |,. i i-i i ,, [ : i .ll ,I "
thi I I, a, -t ,; .. i' It '1i l i i ...- ii
'r i ., ,, i- ii :I ,' ,ri ., i I i i |,i :,. -,
il 1 1 -i,-i- i,1." 'thu ,i ,i,- i n I ,,'-,n l .ni I1.
.- lit, ih i., I i.rh i _,,l :il ii n-i ._

fr. In I I

l I 1 .1 \ .,.i I- ': l i ,ut A : 'ii ,n- I "t-i l t.i t l ii-,,t ; I,:
itlr"; ii .. : i l i. .. : -.i L t i ..h i n. ii
,l i: .1.. ,. *lt I. t, i .' I.r i v I l-. 11 i. t ..

,i i ....i t I .r I 1 r t. i ...-1 .f_1.1 I u i t .e -
n ited :1 L,. v,h. ih,- | 11.. -,,,. 1 .t ,',.
w ere .. I I h t t ... i .rt ri i,. iii 1 .. I ,. :,J Id
to th:. .. l. 1 i..i r c.-I n l 1 in Ait .

gtrt : i, i, i i.', A' I.- iii. ii i ti "l, I,, t0
t ia I : I i I- 1, i l i.- l I- h ir 1.
O f' .',, ., h .H i t 1 1 1 -li ..' ,., :

bito i r ltl .1, n -tA iti-- i- in t
ity i I1 l. .A '. r,: I. l i i t .l,,i part of i .

th Ie I ..-:. i. : i. ..i I' I, U united
S i., *'. ..,I i i I lh,. I _, i.. .l .I .. consist-
entlY ils .: : t, 'cL' -' a. .. u 1, Icon-
tra, uol II h I ,i ,in, I Ii lr,. l policy,
griai -fr, i, t ai. I I t., t ..1 ,ii ,l i. whose
b e i I.... .I I .... I "
h ad i- "' o, .t I b ,I I 'i i. I .. t c. iln ll
h is b ,, I .1. : I.. i ., i .1 I

ieX.. Io sopnd r dide e realru ha ''| i' s ii....
auo lr e Indians, t: aI ", 1 i e. i, i
illis Ht djo, reui1rne, i-, r, -. I 1. ., -I
.i laI d1 tha n Ihe .. .. i ,ii .it i ..t .. .:, .

he isor.ors ol -vage war; the robbery of hI--ir
propel ty, and thie barbarous and indiscriminate
murder of women, minfancy, ahd age.
Afier the rpenjted exSpostulations, warnings and
offers of peace, brought the summer anll: ,ni' .,,

of later i l i h. u. I l i 3. i .11. t,.
LiAtI | -, ,**_i i"it .... I- tvoliuo n, had
been i l. .ii .I i .Ii J lt ,l I thI .- liiant orders
were ., itn ., i .l 1 f-I l.'tt .i. ,I in adequateI
force n v I Il 1. I 1 hli. J T' ..I' i., I.rminiate the
war. It wa t u .i i-in iJ i i 'ti. 1 imish force in
Florida was V. 6, .,1- : l.., ih, t* ,.'tion even of
ihe Spanishl territory itself, against this mingled
horde of la -lesI.- tmlt i. r- i. i..-: ,., .,inU .,,
their devasttatons wenll i Iii .ii ..J ii 1i. ii i. i- Ill
its of thle 'nited Slates, they immediately sought
refuge within the Florida !fne, and there only were
to be .. .. I i i i .:.. ..-i' the
; line w .- i .. .l. 1 :. i i t.. u -. I i l.. tond
the lin.. I if. i i, l h i.i i it H.. i Ir i l ii.- in-
cursiol,. o iih i .-i ih- h0nI J -. i u.1l Ir Vi s
th erl' ,.1 1 ,1*lr I,,,I I1 I ". I a>1 In r, I Ih I, I;(1.'1:

ders Cl h. 7 ..h i h nL
tha it I : \ -u i I i.:" i li ipal
XXX,.u\ llc i uw-.i t,. IL, rl,-- t was
that tt r,. l I.. I t It ... tI .* cl' iti-
z .O-f, l'. '-.i i i ', cul, I -. i that
he rci( i i. h. I, t,1 c,.. i I.er-
ed 1to sur' i -. i a k
Lieutenal i d. '. .

Spain, in i i In i Fi i- t I i iI

I lllri,. lu- -I,. t. ,,, t ,. -Iti-. .tat i a r ._,

befo lre G ..- I 1 ii. u-I .t i l- i ,. h.fli
instructed'i I..- f t, r .. .. ii tihe 6pI an-
ish author .. l .. .-.i L i ii i ,,' ti i ., i.il
copies Of '0,. 1 ;.-ll h.h I, .:l.
J 1. l. '., "(.. ti I .s I i .. ,.,.ll it d. a Ill o
i ,,,, .i I- |,,. 1 I ", t.. i t,. ;..-. l St. M irks,
I.. r l l h.,,rh. l..l l '' ,-r i l lr: ._ ,l :1111 .11 .ll
,.ri .. It, .til :t i' ..i ,i I h. II, .-. Ih I. i or
I n sI I s. ,I i i .:.J l" i I t l':i, l' n ,I that he ap-
.1 I, i.i..d.J ni,, ,,, 11, r I...i .w as not in
11 i i!_ ,ii n l ,',* i 'I n ..n. lthem ., T lhis
.. I 11 I -. f fl

a ll tlr i ,. ,.' i,- I I l Ih t ,%l I I -
of' i 1 0.iN .I 1 ,, .,r i, ,'. ,l i ar nt.. ,d

i 1. I I I. .h .. 1 ,|! n,.: I I ; 1 1 .,, I 1 bl ont-

rectness ..il lh,- ]. in, i i,,. Iti. pt n,rrvod in ada-
mant on <-:hilhttf'tii hnu of ia iau.l-.: J : no wri-
ter upon iI-r l.'l 1I t0ilns ever prete: ded to.
contradict it: none of any reputation or -,utl'- ily
ev -r 1,,.iii ::l I 1.:. ., i it.
:X\\\ .| At U'.-ir i. M,:rk.-, .\l.:xander Ar-
l..ij li .-,l, thlr L l'db h ,J, ", i .ri h .,i b,_y. :.rl lla '
,"r-rl, : ti,:Lr-h Il i\ i li, i-t. lii- N -r: i. it-
di ii %--.r sa;in-i ,it l,,.r. l.- h.-tl been re-
ki flli., i.n: an r .ini.AI: c :'l' of I- Comman-
d ,ill': ath ; and it was also found that, by the
Commandant himself, counsels of war had been
pC- inul.l J lI- hI-) l r"- tLitir it; by thl- ;:.i c Cid;ti i

And t rari.ii ; that thlt p,',ni Ib, ,,-,r l,', .': ,J
l .. : r,;' .:p i. t (I. ii .-. : l. ,i i : n .: -
en tui ak.f ii..I .ti ll 0, ln '.'a ti -' a l. r -- i.. .r
S i..itih li,0 l i Fi r i' htli '. -. d sh
t.t1 n .,:.Ijh ,.'t,_d h:,r bjn l [.u" -l,.v,_d l-, b ." <., rs
,I it-i t .i .,i ] h ai l i I n..li Iii r hI .'iI l tri n i t r.rJd
f iJ h .,iu l.; ",11... I, .\ l'_.ll l I, Ir t-c r lI I I -
t-v ih j i ihc l : i..t ,-,' 1 hc i l,: t | l ,a r :,.I- 1 l-
been noted .) th.: .- 1 :-h t. n,& ii. i ar ,iii a ,I -
IIUti- I l i ] ri, ., i i : r l -I 1 1 i ll ,, _i :l t i u ,t
f ihe I l. *I I I In,, i r i.

I -I ,t 1. $, .1 :.. ,

n t L .- 1 .,i o i i t i li : .if.. i .l ut v t t .. 1,. .
l.i J ii i .I I t I ri u' ,. f1 .' r' --ii, i, lii ,:,l,-
if. i l .- 1 h: .'. Il. *I'l.-i ui t. t I j O i I ,:.

I. 1-1 L, 1 I ,lv .,. l i jiL i t 1 1.
,.-i..i qi lh .. 1 1,- ti i i f it l i I, ,i .* I -. r

i, -AII.. '-I I.- -v, i- i. i- i .. rIt ,I i
-,ut-.,, -, I tt tl, It l, ,,iI--. it i
I., 1 l l i. l -If. .J ,- m .l., H ., t. -I .* t. it h
I i-j .:. -J I t. I i : i .. ; 1 "i i C
t 1 .... l .) I .l 1 It .1- I I l i !
-- [,'',, 1. "t l l tt ii l 1 iitht: :t i l'l. t it t :i li I 1] it 1d

Iij r l lc,.i ; it Iit i 'i t i : It i_- i,.ii l -i :r, Inl. l

y II ...- I a -N il-tIh.. -:.
ii f tu[ti i .i '.iii ,i, I r it ,ut lI t '-" I:rovi ons
I,...I ', :u C,., ,.-I.:, h .\ :- .r .e 1 i 1. 1 w hich,1
-iI ti lb it; 1ii, ,,itf ll, lit '.i.1 ttti ,.,- I:i: to tc "r I

h ,j .l .. i[ .Il :.l1" 1'. .1 H e 1 l '. r.l l h.:. !
i{,.4: ill 1 1- : : ,,'n i ," ( -, I' h I' i" : i'' r ', '

1,,: i-. ,. : tn ,:, l I y I1,,.,. i l ,, lI' -,.. : |, ,.

I -i*-i i, : .tl .I l l. It i II' i l i J i ,. ..t ,j t
i i i i- t ,. i I, I.. ili L i i. l. i r i .I i dl
it 1 | .. r I ...'i.t l'. i I ..I .I l l.lj:, ..:. -

t.,ilI i i i. ,, lt i i f '. J- r l L. i '"- t. 'I ,i : c i ,, it-. "
I -: ti.. ll I l ..r .u n *.t I l :' i '.I v.t., I:.- l ri t. j, ]

|iiI lif :l. '' r' ,lli .l '..- i I. i l tr. *,., 'i i -it l. r,

,.I i. .. Ii .. n ,in ].--,. ". Ii L o i

Ci 1 f l |.[ ,.' l .\ J i t t f'.' .I lh. at
itae ic d...m .ln dr, aI ,. rI la-o It Iv a ,' ,', 'rll i -

l d- i-, i t-i .. i I .t lit* i d. I.tc' t II i? ..n
flitii' -* iI i-* t il t Id -: *i i i til : t. i I' i 1.3
,l. lp ii II .H. '. t t l h -i l l i [t'n 'i '" ll h ,., in-
I t l Ii s. t i. .I lt. I. t i lt i- rI, li. I I:. l : i l-i
ti.: A fl ."' I l li "h "L I ,I, I i lit-i t n ,,:-' ll r .n11

his troops to I. .i l.r In lt ne of forts, d two
small detachments of olunteeti lav-,lry, I.. ..-ur
the country round Pensacola, .owl -,.1: p .-11 Hile
lurking remnanLt of savages, who had been scatter-
iE I .1 tt ,itt I it. I 1,t.t.t Tt i i .t ,-- Fitt
t I i. 1.. i,.. r.-,- 1 1 '.' .I l- I. it -

-1, ii i t 1 i ': f.tit 1-1 i Ir 1 I .I I pi :rr. it .
._-r 4 l. ,- .['l 1h r I i ..' .' hll.i rlt. dl i ., ,'l uld
I.I- -if r t i i i .11i i- li t' li. ." l Ih r it hie .i:-h -
uti. w h, i teI, UntidI.t ri-7t at i ght, t. o
iL. .. l. i ll.I..C I: l l It : llp nl l- l L, ,al-
I,- I I i,.i I I. I I 12I- itI Iailt- ." I |. 5h ,,ii Of-
Hes took --.u i. Ipi. 1 -n if n rti -. ,ild i .t
tH .i F .I L ... r-ilj._ .; ..3 heE h 1.:.I t. ark
l de h, n s o o u e ,lrIt .. .....,JI
L-ry ml- i-t-ir if self J.a e 1 I. u t t1 lihat
ji.:y .. .l l. LL restored whei f: r 1: .. -hould
place commanders and a force tt r.-, i, I : wil-

i. Ie i .i lth r I l. ,. i te n t f ri l tl : l.

i ( 1 t .I .i Fr I. .j F. ..1
lur ],-, i ln.l- I lls I-it w' I o t :i .d T Iei scaltteis
I ,l i t. ,ii' p I., l t,. f ip : t I tF l ft I t L ., it- lit
it I ri I I- il -r i, rI. 1 -lr t :- r, i :i It
I... -l lP ': d t', i i- I l lr,,'i i". .*ul,,J l .r:.r r ,1-: -
r. i 1, l .1 .it[..iI, s I u ill, l r": LII 'ul 7\i s
a, tI ll t.:: ,I I r-' f; ll l- U[Lt al
r .. r i...rI ,. `P bill, All. 1:r, u'I >ui ...b
C.: i -L.: o: l. .. u 1. l. .i ,r.. [H,- L J |,I, ] IJ ,
ri.li t.I.,I .I ,I .e r..- o I : h r, r .1 ..h .i 4 ]-1
1 e... o- aijt n eI rs. a ori I t r.i ,' I.l. r",.. i
-0. L h,, 1, ,, 1 1 a1f,, l ', II : ,J l' r u -r
i ,, nt u-Ir i, r, i ,,Li, ,. r 1 : n w wd, -, r. : ,4 3 J ,: .-'_ -
.i ill. l, lh : fll, o :,hi .l- l,, t II:,-:,,ii d -
c i, H I;. |Ir, h .I' l 1' -.1 no: III 7 1 'I- r 1: l '"l' '..r
:, 1,-,, 1, t I ,: l i ll ,r n 'l ",r,.', .n. lr -l,* a r. [ li,]e
t .r.- '[. t i. ,r d[, l Jl l., l h,: ,l l -i -1 ,. iii ,lI:v ,i -

justice which the Unitrd l.itrvi I.->'>: a right to
'claim from Spain; and you are J,':: u.. I t. in-
.i,,.i,:,:j t. jv.:r, i]d of the Spanish i.:.'.-rri t
tl,. I r,',i *ll I, .' i. h ,,' l lt. It',' l .r- n o
[Il,, .hI _. J.,-,tl a.;q ernqr of Pensacola, and of
Don Francisco C. Luengo, c.-i n m.iuf. ,A' ".
Marks, and a suitable punmistL'u l iri.ttd ii..n
i.en i f'r l l. rig. in ; .fiance n .l r. ,lht n:.D ,-l Hi
Lit. eai I.v nt- .I ":', with the .;nlr ,:rl ": ,,]-
f.l'j d a,-i- *, -, -l:.; hordes .1' .-:. I: ',. .
;t"r ht ,ill.i s a:-.n-l the L' ,i .d Ql.1 l::, 4 h:1 .i it
v;., ihc i O .ii2l diil I.: r. -ir ,,In. T h u: i rn i, r I
S due t.. thl b.h."i :i .-r .I th..: r.il-, t r- l eli ---l -, .ed
tOl. i -. .,iin r ...I it- [-:r1r i ,h .... eiraib er_,. "I h, .I-
I : .rn of Spain t:. r. l 1,aii. l.\ fr%.:-, l : [ .eJi Of
F lr..l J1 from }1-,*-itll1, :.;' .r i th, u uit-:d ljte-i
and their citizens, It eC::.lJt ia proue, unqua'

-ified. The fact, that for a series of years they
har vo received shelter,-assistance, supplies and pro-
tec-io n, in Ihli practice of such hostilities from the
Spanish commanders in Florida, is clear and .un-
XXXII.] equivocal. If, as the commanders, both
.XLIl.] at Pensacola and St. Marks have alleged,
this has been the result of their weakness, rather
than of their will, if they have assisted the Indians
against the United States to avert their hostilities
from the province, which they had not sufficient
force to defend against them, itamay rerve, int ome
measure, to extulpate, indit idua;lli, tIo-e- oiltes,
butitmust errj d.c.:,nptralictn irreist-ibltu to inro
Spanish government that the right of the VI.
S. can as little compound with ;apot.=nce as witna
pefi,dy, and that Spain omut inimdsaeialy make
h..ti clho::rin, ', ith.:-r to placn- a Ifrcre is Fl.-ri.la (-h-
.qualt at l ce to the protection ui Iher ICiratliy
and to ihte ultilmenrt of' her eng;:'ni-ntI. c.r co-le
Sto the United Staile a proiinte, ofhilc.h si. I.?-
tain; nlthling but the nominal poa:,s-.ion t.iF"
w" ich it n in I.t, a der.s-L t rpe Iu o il,. ct.'.- .. i, r..y
ofevery 'i.nvrna, 3 .ltil.ed oa -uSacr-, l IItt lt ln:, I
State-, and serving no other.earthly purpose than.
as a post of annoyance to them..
Tha' tlhe pr.ri-....-.e,. :,i '.rll of tli N,-' io Indian
,anifilti, will nl, m wei liave I-. eern con :ndiin;, il,
of .- lntI* h ir,i .AJ r Ci.l l'-..n l, i ,. lii.l a-C J-
bled and employed them, and of the British intrud-
iine and pretending traders, since th,-: ie;o, ci i :,
L.jile n..iaiteJ and betrayed them It:, have '-.-:nr nut le- Ihoi 'll t u Spain ih'iin it i I. l l..
States, il.- p o.,fs contained in the documents here-
with enclosed, are conclusive. Mr. Pizarro's note
of eth of August, speaks of His Catholic Alajes-
ty's profound indignation at the sanguinaryry exe-
cution, on the Spanish soil, of the subjects of pow-
ers in amity with the King"-meaning Arbuthnot
and Ainbrister. ,Let Mr. -Pizarro's success6ri take
ithe trouble of reading the enclosed documents, and
h:1- I ;l rdi-...v-.r who A'rbuthnot and Amnbrister
n'. l-, .nI ..I.at were their purposes. That Ar-
XLIX.j buthnot was only theasuccessor of Nichoe,,
L\ ;l.r ar,j ASmbrister the agent of Woodbine,
aznti i.i ,u,all,. il of iMcGregor. Mr. Pizarro qual-
ifies Gen. Jackson's necessary pursuit of'a defeated
savage enemy beyond the Spanish Florida line, as a
shameful invasions of B s .M ajesty's territory-yet,
that territory was the'territory also of the savage
enemy, and Spain was bound to restrain them by
force, from hostilities against the United States-
and it was the failure of Spain to fulfil this eugagr-
mert, which had made it. necessary for Gen. Jack-
son i pursue the savage across the line. What then
was the character of Nicholls' invasion of His Maj-
esty's territory ; and where was his 2Majesty's pro-
:fourd irtdirnaii.-.n at th',t Mr. Pizarro says, His
3li tI '..r rl ial:c : .rie been violently seiz-
edi, oL', (-.a .arIl.-.:r.. lid they not been seized
cn. -r.,iid ir,. I,: p, .n, .. .-- iliforts hecn bllown
tup : :hol., an : ;i [ilii' i t0 i. u il i -1nVr opan-
i i- l .'-. --_ etu .l.- du l i lthi i t- t r, ,.nd left
iiiaa .inl :t5 a \"eia.i Inrt, Ir: t't.i,- ep ofl 'p.ani-h :i-
Lhor:l. I- i t ',' : \ '. b,'-re l- Il 1 h .JV's
pr.- .ll- .an-J,'i .tSi .n .i ..ht iE His Majesty sus-
-n l ,I ,1 t~a i alli ....C. ...a ii.- w iil, il.. ,...,ereign
o0 ti. .In-' l Ni Ihai.ls. 1HI III,. -, -l- l.i l n i l iau of his
tcir tIr st iith-.ul col-'r ei pr.e location, without pre-
ten,' f r-cc--Hi\', ,iI, ti i'.: -ii.: ladow or even a-

ica inl-r '.:. tl,: Bri.-ii ". ,,,. inLhien. tb t ii a. t it l .!
in,.,d r,i, n ol Ilai.-('nildr:hrit miusnie l, c.(...ul. uli
r -a n, ,11.- -..n- -.t:i ..l I and tl-..r..ues i-h.i. air, tI.
ps. lil al r. Intrl r t .IT Ih.I l t i ol-unil.-. '-- il oll
o' r i\ *" e!i n i .ll 1 i n i t a l ,i n ; n d .i ,. u i : 1 i
th.: .-lav> iun,o.i ,i., ir -i Ihtcir ui,i;l i ; ud :c'a;
Lth.r- t, dll r..t i...tilin. "lliil:-I -ilt -l.' I l A .i ll..'
lin, ..1 ,I -:. -- i .j L'u ie .l i il .. i .,. a I .. -
comte, and employed ill. l 'l ..lir-:-. tlthe "u-
XXV.] gitives from ti.-.-i iu.,i-tis, .in Florida; as
th.- i. i .1 Georgia. Against thi.- special injury
the Governor of Pensacola did carniestly remon-
s.it t-' wit ii r.- ri--h admirall Codkburn (see uthe
-do W I. I .-A: .I 1\ .) but against .... :
inssicae. of the territory--against the viouien seiz-
ure tf the lorts and places-against the olowing' up
o' tl..- t, -." -n I..i the erection and maintenance
u I-r I':i i.i I.,. of the Negro fort on -panishl
soil---agaioat the niegociation by a British otlicer in
:' .'. -.J;.: --eace, of pretended treatic4-. oliensive
: ,J i1r.,1 .t alnd of ii,i.a i, n .-,l commerce up-
on pianish t'.r....... ubctveen Great .iituui and
Sp- ,aish indians, whom Spain % as b-ci;nt! toconr.rul
and' restra'n-if a whisper oi expos utlt ion wt.s cv-
"er wafted from Mivadrid to London, it was not loud-
en.:-..I. (t., I heard across ite Atlantic, nor ener-
g. i,. an..,..r. to transpire bei ocnd the walks of the
palaces front which it issued, and to: which it was
The connection between Arrbuthnot and Nicholls,
and between A.nt.,i-ister, Woodbine and AicGregor,
is established beyond 'all question, by iheO evidL.nce
pr ., *.-.2* Lt t h .,."is before the Co( urt '"iu.~lI. l.
ha.'<- alr-'a, :.,- ,-rked to you onthe very extaaor-
1i t- :;,i. nm.. n that a Brliish trader from he-
7"..:,..l ,', ., .- ..i be permitted, by the' Spanish
autihoiieis., to rtrde wih th the ladians of Flonda.
Fromnhis letter f, Harmbly, dated 3d May, ;l47,
(see :he docuuients marked G in the proceedings of
the Court Mar!ial) it appears that his tracdig was
Sbut a pretence; and that his principal purpose wus
Sto act as thep agent of the Indians of Flrida, and
Soutlaw s from the Greeks, to obtain the aid of the
British government iu their hostilh.ies against the
United Staters. He expressly tells .lHamily there,
that the chief of those outlaws was the principal
cause 'f his, Arbuihnot's, being in the country ; and
that teIP iAd come with an answer froni EaIl D-ath-
arst, deiivei:ed to him by Goveinor Citmerin, of
New i- r., .l':ii .., l..i, artain Indian talks, mi which
til]s d1.1 -.Hi it I: lrtitli overarnrinthad Ibeen solicit-
ed. ,li ti .ly, .i .,-.i:, had been left by '.: I',
as tha tne",-a. bert,%.:I the Indians and the British
'.r c r irm.-i : but having found tl.t ti i.i- .:All- l .J
!, ii'ld in hi- atteismpt 'g..' ,. nrlm It i.,. t ,u[ 'il- I'l,,kIol,:-, in in I the
i:i.l:t ,- I -- -'.. -. un. ilhat t'-, were not prepared
-,:-up, ..'ti l I i- ic- :. that half a. dozen outlaw-
S"it," 6'...- i,.u, Ih,' (Credks were the Creek na-
.. i '..n it l.i, -.t. theincendiaii-, ca e and
r V i- 1 ; :.. .I I, in | i '.ii, .. I '",. l...i oif omn
C l ,'.it a .,' 10 ,*.,rence their' uiirderous in-
Xt lVi[ b.] cursions into the United States, H--am-
bhy, af lthe request ot theCi .-. I. iha. "i II is rote
"' .,1 a iirning Kin to withdraw fromti among that
bi-l t n utietlaws, and o, .i-' ln a solemn iobr. bod-
it's .a tl-e doom that awaiTed hlm. frote the hland
of '" ..:i"e,it ie p.erseveri'ed in the course that he pur-
u-u d. Ar! uthnot, 'nevertheless, persisted, andl witle
he was deluding the wretched lndians with the

XLIX.1 promise of support from England, he was
b. '. i; .:ki'.r- ir rrlem to, the Eri.Lh MiLc-
c. .i-ti ;n tle UUnited- Ltal.: it.5 Gouerr.r Ca-
-d. mn eronof -:.''r P =i- d,-r- ., to .'.i.:.-i]
'e. Nicholls; to be laid be..-rt- tae Br;ti-h
f. government: and even to the ipjai-h Gov-
ernorofSt. Au j'tire.'-id i!.e G.,- rmor Grcr-l of
the HNiana. olicitin7. in all qu-rier-, aid and u,r.- -
port, arinms aid ir uni In. Ior ihs I[ ':,-a,_ :,a .:t
the .'ni'i.J tit-t, .; tewstiln; i h.: dj-tract.i:.u iof he
N n.ro i'rrt, agd hrging ht i.ii-sh n,:.ifnmrt
will, hating drawn the Idians rinto watr v-.ih ithe
Lirjiivd -tri-, :,n- ide. riir, 'lien, a'ir r.e .
You %ill remark am'onrr ih, ar-?a., .rodnt:cd
XLDI No I r or, hi tial, a i rrl' Fti ry,)
dated 17i'l June, 1317, c him;n )by tnelv'e In-
dians, ]..-ttly ..I Florita, nw l raily *Vo01 the uj.-i v."
outla i'ornm the United SHt- it. l\e rte- al-utt
this power, -r, J i- inilitrultiah, %v ri., to riacoar.,l-
ize the Bii ii. c anmLal, .rnd ihe(.uicinor Gen-
era! of the I,1i3-vai.7- 'l i,: i'. ale- eE. f ,r, lyv
ul.itaLn .iIll lprot d, a, ti I h.lia l \iiing, on the'
[C. -npali: a .'ll. a. nIl.. but in the d.i l n rc -
nnd LIX. l.J rl, on l s l.ldrn lthe '.]th
XL,\ i. c. nu -'5thi ofr',ng. I-1, h1i l t-
l. I,-, N .iL .I : : j 1hl h. 1,1
[C('rn rpar- XLV'II. c. (-,m:, at l. a il... i t] i
anid !.1\ f.i,-,. 1 c. y ol Hoi .m .l';- :L.oic-
mentioned letter to hir iu..l ,i reference to this In-
dian power of attorney toI;hi, ",',:./ 7
C,,,.:n .. .in,, t oif St. J ari.:. i'. C. L ,,, ( I..d,-
XL' 11.1 r ui the papet-. : -,::r, i ttir n n ihe
n'tain. .i lhe same chieil y Aibuthot,to, the li
Governor General of the !i 'an.i,. a-Lkiri fhini
permission Ibr Art.iuthnio, to t-.l,.! .h : War.hU,. :ie
on. the .Ai.p..l-,iliir oia, li'liii and falsely com-
plaining ii .t tli .\A .ertc-rcu had iad& ".. -llEn:eni, :
on their lands, within lI,.: p',nii, i.i s ad ,. ll4io-
ii on the Governor (F.r,. i l Aw. g,., .:,id to dis-
.place them, and send them back to their own coun-
try. In this letter they assign, -, tea.:.C kcr aC.L-
ing this licence for Arbuth'oi, ihe ii-,it ol a p-i:. ':r
to put in 1 r r i .i i h.. 1 th..-. 1. ,;: .: -ti e i .o .I 1 1 .: 1
against the Amiericans. AnJ il.. _J.J, 'the com-
mander o 'the fort of St. iliiati. ts 1,. d allof our
talks and complaints. -He approves of what we
have done; and what we are doing ; and it is by
his recommendation we have thus presumed to ad-.
dress your excellency." You will find these pa-
pers in the printed newspapers enclosed,.and in the
proceedings -of the Court NMartial, and will point
them out to the Spanish government, not only as
decisive proofs of the .r. :....mp-.):J .. n, phances of,
the Spanih officers in I- ',ida,, iu., ingn intrusive
agents and .r;n'.,d>.. .. Indian hoslilties against
the United t t I ..t placing, beyond a doubt,
that participation of :h. ,,-.;,i- :ji. ,i iii the com-
mandant of St. Markl, i ti,.h u-.:, ..1 Jackson so
justly complains of; and of which we have so well
wounded a right to demand the punishment. Here
isthe commandant of a ,i-],i i' :.rt, bound. i l.:.
sacred engagementot a treaty to restrain .-...-,
the indians within his command from committing
hostilities against the Uni.ed Sta.es, conspiring
with those same Indi'n finrl .I. iiI.rr;ii. pfi.i ,l
his written approbation to ti. : .:l..Aiueir,~i i a '
foreigner, a British subject, as their agent, to so-
licit -aid'stance aind supplies from the Governor
t-en. i:,l a! i..: I .,an.i, and from tihe British gov-
t'lL _li. "L. i.i l ti01 I L.- O -H t r Hi -I I -i i. :
L I i 11 ,_ I-.. t I h i 4-- (.1 1A i -1, i 11.. \a.3
<-L' I- in .:'rm ie f i.1 ..n J ...., !.a.n ,1. .,* l; ln-
(h ,[ ir ". '. P,.- -r 'rh..- .-i, .,rrn i .:.r.pq ; ilid
to riel ( h ,i : :. iu[p.:.rn I, is trial p C..1 '1-.l.' ihy. "But
t41, ,n d .." j ,' ,l h,% ...I l nri, %., %. -till
L lll j more hostile to Sp.hi, h.,ir. t.o: t:.. Untricd
States. You find that he told three of the wit-
nesses, who testified at his trial, th it he had come
to this country upon .,'r. Woodbine's business at
Tampa bay-to see the negroes righted ; and one
of th'nm, that Ac had a commission in the Patriot
army, underMe c Gregol ; andthat le had expect-'
eda a *, ) A.rd what ,! Tn.Ii ai-
ness II .44 ., 1'*.. --.: iJ W ooc itr-. *.t I ni.,t fl4 -
It was the con qest of lHorioi '.-,. 11- 11, t.y th.
use of thlcse very Indians and .c i..-. lvhom the
cor uiaundant of St. M',arks was so ready to aid
and support in a war against the United States.
The chain o proof that establishes this fact. is con-
tained in the documents c'ommuanicated by the
President to Congres- at their last s.. -;.n, r rF i,n
LVI.j to the occupation of Ame(ris -!.ia.i i; it..
Gregor. Froi n these docuternts. you will ind,
that vbile ?McGregor was there. Woodbine went.
from New Providl nco, in a schooner of nis own to
j, in h:.i: That he arrived.at Arnelif island, just
as AiMc2rgor, abandoning Ihe .-,.!....- )' his
achievement there, tas leaving i.: li.it c-.ire-
gor, .,* i,,'r the vessel in which he had embarked
at Amuelia, went on board that oi W\soodbine, and
returned with him to New Providence: That
WVoodbine had persuaded him they could vet ac-
cotplish the conquest of Florida, with soldiers to
he recruited at Nassau, frum thi corps of Colonial
Marines. which had served under Nicholls doringr
the latewa r withl the United States, which corps
had heen lately disbande.; and ;vith Negroes to
be fouitd at u Tampa Bay,'and 1500 Indians, al-
ready then e ..:d tI I ...- ,i. ;.w ho pretended
that *i 1 ..i ., -.:,-, -.i .iI ;la. L VI a. b.
lands there to him. Among the papers, the origi-
nals of which are in our possession, in McGregror's
own hand ..i ,... i ,-I. ; I. i r .ril', rin o I :s, -
pa Hay, Il i... assertion *i-. h- r ..- 11,:d to
be there by the last ofApril _., i, ot .,i,. i
prei.cut [dj year; a letter dated 27th beceimber
liaq, to on'e of his acquainlrance in this ,:.,]It. il--
clo i, thw lune '" : intention ;.and tl, *-;it i,:t .:f '
S i .. 1, I, i was to haie bc- n i ue- i .-i t
Tamtpa Bay, to the inha.hit.aints of Florida, by the
person charged with ,ni I il t i ilknlc r, i rth, Il
r*. i ,1 ;, i .1, : Ii. l .-.h. i i f ........ h. I.Ar I,,
m en.n,..... -,i I,t. ,,, !,- ,,..p. Irl n l of
Spain, and o| < ln, If ll n .:, I.in a .--ternmeiit
for themsel,e-. ii. i, h l p -.'r: ..l ,.:i.-e- ho would
listen to him i.. -, tih 1 ,, : i,,m, -,, ,:.tject was to
sell the Florida i.) l-,.w :.i 1 t.1 c ,:z. Th. ie ,i:,
some reason to .-rrp:.:,i. ith,t lie ',i d rnIi: n udii .t
overtures, of a *;il -.it i..t'.-. lt rl,. l t,a hi 1, 01 -
ernm ent. This ., .- rl r,.- '' t.u-.a .- 1. in FIl. i-
Sda. He arrived there in March, lI.he Ir.=cir-er ]..f
XU1Xj 5'cGremror and \i .3.),1. .", ii,,Imnd.-
ately upon, his arrival, he is found seizing upon Ar-
b'ithnot's goods, and distributing '-r'ii nar..e; the
Negroes and I.ndians; seizing upon his vessel,
and complying its master to pilot him, with a body
of armed Negroes, towards the fort of St. Marks,
with the declared purpose .. l:.'..-: t by siurprise,
in the ni.ht Writing letti. :, a ..' er-roor Came-
ron, o: '. ..r Providence, -i ...- :1) calling for sup-

plies of munitions of war, and of cannon, for the
war against the Americans; and letters to Col,
Nicholls, renewing the same demands of supplies;
;ri,'. min, mi. 'that i.e is with 300 negroes, a few
oc our bluitf people.," ho had sl'uc io tih. cease,
a.d were :ely r 'rg upon L ti 1il, oIL 0 l -IillIs' prom-
-.:; Our bludl e'-'\f Tere the pe.pie of l'he Ne-
t.'? fort, cole-cted -J Nich-.l'is d Wood-incl's
pr,..a-larnt.r., during the Anma ii.n and English
war; and lhe cu,'re ti. which they stuck, was the
savage, servile, --ete:am;uatig -war against the U.
.imwureg l- agent and actors of such 'virtuous
"rilterpriz.e a at Ure htre uricil-d i : t<.s ha i,,'y ex-
t .ted that lt.cie ioultl l.e l.und rai 'iiiinabltie evi-
d.ii.e, ol theur in'prct, conlidente and go,,.ld aith
.j.. itt ~ '. ia :iuthlli t,.ru iriln2i I.e-IIle the vi-
rl-.nl ei/irtl' ainid At.i.uun, Lb Amtlnriflter, of
ArLLuthln.I''- plopti l. L I'le.e I rIt. r tu G .ef-r :,r Ca-
niern.ii, and tI N.:,l.uli., Lie lilkd tilth ihi distrust
.t.d. i,4.l 0.1,.. ul th': i tdrn-;-, it l lin) I r I (IC-
*.,_*,.d aind bie r.-,, ai.t y ioutlJir .ut, ; while in Ar-a
t.utl,.,. -A l'tl .11 l, I lll i:llt' 1 lCht 1 In. ', 1. -1
1\i no. meliiL- I ,ar-g taklera charge 'lt p0,0r Fiancis,
XLX l.j ih.; pr.:.phr- or I,1l H -l:.dju, i.Ion Iii, ri--
lu i.mi t Laa Lr,,land L 1 t1 'i A rl-n(e, end .11 lder
r ,. rt,.t ri t1 ..n, ra'i cI hlui .id UL. i .1 :--c'l
Ib; '.r,. d.-IraudJ.td hu % i Li a i1,,a (..o i Cn.r, il Ili pre'.-
-' is lii,.'h had bu..u dli. er- d oUlt ir.Onj sII ir.'s
-I.-..- i -, ..r Franc::.' : !,s. a..n i th
L\ II. Ia ..at .a- :.;' AlbulhnLCot' lvtei 4. Na. I-
"1 ,l 'rl .',iO l ti ie huL4 i. IIut.ll 4l II tO gt AuLu-:, in
Ili Loriu rjn iti,, ipapei. .,
: l!,- .1i..nti iO dih ah nd complicated d ;t, ;tria: c-acpin -aud intidiou iia r, ti th a -atiat
r-.. .h ii.d ,- Li a.ed. alA 't1i0 o notLL .:.l pat
i'*:.4lm these political philters to fugitive slaves
lid ,ndi in, or.uiin,u- il ,.. perfidies and treacher-
u illi. ir mirapatl t ul L tprl.ng L-ir .ihlhi en
l '...r, all ir ih ri i-. f .- .il. -i, Io.a.
.LIt- 3, ci II|L i( it.s i ol 5 ,ai.an a e ,r .E.-, and Ihel
'v oi-.i .i "i at. i -ll .ud t :-- at i )',nttlr,Ia, andd
:- ,. -ad ~ 1.iu -,. p.r.i'-: her provinces, and to
I. n'I m :. :iI.', j i t3,l t'i ..r,-'. g D6 th: borders
.-1 t.r, L nLI.l -tar :!l un s 11 .lAitLI to ceol
-the sympathies of his Catholic's Majesty's govern-
ment, excited by ih. ..-t utlO ,... ,t,5' two sub-
-:, i: of a power in amity it ,i the king." The
S.. ul government is not at this day to be inform:
ed that, cruel as war in i it- Li;iO-e iiw- raiu- be,
it is,-ard ibec. .- .rii. u 1 1., dilubti s cltwl, vien
waged L||, sIIhI .:, : tlI 2i .1 it;L: tlIe no l'rson.-
ers, but to torture them ; that they give no quar-
ter; that they put to death without discrimination
of age or sex ; that these ordinary characteristics
of Indian warfare have been applicable, m their
must heart-sickening horrors, to that war left us
by Nicholls, as his legacy, reinstigated by Wood-
-bine, Arbuthnot and Armbrister, and stimulated by
the approbation, cu. :...., einfs- i. maI ai' of the
-Ianid,I conmanaiui :,1 -..i .. ,i;-. is proot .re-
'i.=,I! Intreat the Spanish minister C01 -o i., for
a i. n.i.i,to o),ercome the feelings which details
lilke tl.c,-4 ui i excite, and to reflect 1 p...::il--,
with composure, upon the facts stated in the fol.
lowing extracts from the documents enclosed.
Letter from sailing master J anus Loomis to Com.
Daniel' T. Patterson, 13th August, 1al6, re.
XXIll.] portiug bte ,ist.ru.u...ui of theNegro Fort.
I, *,..-. ,,-. L....- ..r_ ..li. ,.., I L4 J
LdtwaiiJ L)..ni.-, 0.-. -. til, 'd- riu.lu- pil-oubr ih
llrII. i,.,L. on l Ir:- 'CiLh *uly' r'" '"d ue t, ,n t,

Letter from .\r-liilI.al CClal, L Gen. Gaines,
.uui I :.bi-.ary ILIl .I :i c'-. .1 the President
oi til... U. States to Congress, 25th NMarch, lIBI,
p. 9.
On the 24th inst. the house of Mr. Garrett,
residing in tl: uf.. of p i A1 I .. l ...ality, near the
boundary of \\'iSe W .i <- .-1 1 ,I I was attack-
id, dIn, ..; 1i', 1 ... near the Uiiddle of tie day,
1.. l '.. i )i-A t,.:i i ,lians) consisting ofabout ilf-
teln, who slot virs. arret i in tIwopia;.es, and then
dispatched her by stabbing atid scalping.' ier
two children, one about three years, and the other
two months, were also inuidered and .the eldest
scalped; the house was riden plundered of every.
article of value, and set on lire."
LXI.i Letter from Peter B. Cc;ok (Arbuthnot's
-cierk) to hiza A. Carney at -Nassau dated Su-
wihnee., S1th Jan. 181i, giving an account ul their
operations with the Indians, against the Americans,
and their massacre of Lieut. Scott and his party.
." 'there was a boat that was taken by the In-
dians, that had in thirty men, seven women, four
sev..il children. There were siL of the men got
clear, and one woman saved, and all the rest of
them got killed. The children were took by the
leg, and their brains dashed out against the boat."'
if the bare recital of scenes like these cannot he
p. ijued v. without -]d .:-ins,, wha imnust be the ago-
I,..-Ud l.rl.i- '- 1.r c ti..ic l%, ::' wives and children are,
from day, to day, and from mght to night, expos-
ed to be the victims of the same barbarity: Alas
n., -.: a ti. i- t.-. pliad for the perpetrators and in-
,i"..,'- ol' J._ds hku these r should enquiry here-
Xafter be made, why, within three months alter'this
event, the savage Hamitlhli f liecoupon being tak-
en by the American troops, was, by order of their
c..-a .u,:i,..ier, 1 ii U a ]at. I.ri., lo.t it be told that
th.tt etaig.C i a 1Ets cimruanidiir of the party by
which those women were butchered, and those.
I,. lt.l,:-: infants were thus cashed against thie boat.
C,...-,,n rn. a iii .-h .I n.-:iies, although humanity
.ciil- ilaiiie reij.allo.a u upon them, and spares
th.. lin, cf ith. r i etble anid detenceless women and
children, yet mercy l,.:-,i surrenders to retribu-
tive justice the lives of their I.. di-i i a rI.r- talk-
en in arms-and still more hl.: I, ,., o- il i.te -.ii,l,
white incendiaries, who, disowned by their own
Si. :.-. nri-ut-. i..J d;...i' ,iing their own natures, de-
g,' 1.. tl.-mi it l ifn,..-.I lh (l 'i -'.- t-liha actei iby
t I I..ill a ,;.I ii. i.-rni, lc lt. ilt- tl I% : nrI t i .td lue.
d',.i..i- .,ir.iinu.ii -,ni e Is it not the usage ofle-
gitlinate warfare ? Is it not consonant to the sound-
est authorities of notir.ial law? When at war
(says Vattel) with a fe-.:.-.i.:: ti.ien, ha .. ib-
servesno rules and gran io iu quarlir, lihey 1111 be
chastised in the persons .of Ili-...- ..I thall:i i u irh...y
be taken; they are of t'-, inumbelr 'o1' ithe, uily ;
s-.a l.., llh 'i,..r :ie attempt may be made of
I'.ri.c.I iI,'A.i tI .1 -Cen-c of the laws of humanity."
And again; "as a General has ih,1,: light of sacri-
ficing the lives of his enemies to his own safety or
that of his people, if hlie has to contend with an in-
human enemy, often guilty of such excesses, he
.may take the lives of some of his prisoners, and
treat them as his own people have been treated."
The justification of these principles is found in their
Ssaluta'-ry efficacy, fo- terror and for example, it

is thus only that the barbarities f'Tnin;..u: can lie
-successfully e-rcc.unterc,. It ,- thus cral i that i .-t-
worse than Inlian L,'rt.arlii;. : Ec. Li ..ri inim ...-
ters, pretend-r, aiiuthi rl.i I.'. t'. ', ci, rin., 0nt,
but always oH(-a : oaud, i:na Li- [iuirUhl.) and :.r-
rested. Gir s t ni f i in i EtI y iig. c.s lie lli.'f.ti-'?
.na cooperation ofl'.-uan,c in 'tar out her gevr-
-ernm ent it :i i i l.rsl t..l -ri let r ..( I i-,i in,..
or auttloiizahlion It. herr -u!rtL .iCt I 't .n-il.t-i ;ia tU lt
,against I1 t,n m as pe.,tr \ci L. I ibs: -:.r-
.pened, thia: I'r.'.m i ihe plr l d of ,.u:i .iabllili.d a.i-
dependei-. tI,- bi d..%. I,:L the ,Indlrj i.11s ,iia
which we liae ieecu all. ited hAiI- eitn d itlaictliv
traceable to,: Ihe- it4'l ..i:- ,:j LaLi.lil i d.1i-r o1r
agents, aiw ,ays diaEc...ed, et ln %. i i. it sc-reo
than once dicl ltdl, but net,:r L.e...ie tru--Iio-
I % .. .. tlheni -.4n, J 1 1 ...-r i" the d,:. 1 .10 l :-j alter'
50'li'1,n 11 '. iin 1..- i. IT o ,i riminil, ..nd mnd id-
uailly to ,ioce oI HIie a, i,-a :. i- lltii, ,'.I,_,'ut.i oc a.i,,
into.the-haind. Cl .il, :\uiArii<-.ri (,'rici l :1 aud iie
puni-hmn ri l intlit. uI .'i. 'h~i. b ,.- I -'','d 'l n, c.
Ihigl .1Ha n : 'iam r al, il alh i i s e-h-.l.!l.n. I ut
t L. illl aUj-ta.IIOII- IO il- rt : u ... of 1 l .l h i .h 2-
waits unauli-r.-ii-d [, l (liaal.-i i- E i lr p l 'r .ii I.-n ,
to stim ulialE. iand llllCrr C',-. ,u iatl l iLn I i..
UiTiitd ,L -t. ll- arlJ le i ld ran-, r it. lliln th1 i th llll.1I.
1 hi.-: k .N .i.- i .. III I It Ib ,- 1 -, i,,J ih
C iHia lti ol IlI( i t t r l. ilIh Ih' -nlirin-r h lc iu'i n.Iran I
part of thi. ( I-tl,.-, C-:. i traIl ilh C- 'CiG .. r

< r-,. Hit:, d iid .: r i. p- nt,t l'i..- i i- i,. r::, .
tO ul Ihu^e i iC, Jlu n il OI 0 lt .i .i r r-i ll', *, v.-
hemently complains,'will, it is hop. d. n:.f-, y.: .i-tl
present other and sounder views ri tli .-u, IL t t.
lhii Cathb .lic ,'i -;je.1 g., : ie mlnitr i. I i l"-.i.IlI -
,., to hb-. H Ihhta it.. I.: .o>U lii,.,n ,H F1 rr.r.-ac.,x :... -
bt ili- hi-: t .. o;.a:- ,i.i d nei- hel bj a sprilt i'
hostility to Spain, nor with a view t... -;ic- i. i-I -
maturely. the province frora her possession : i,. I'
was rendered necessary by the neglect of -p' n to
perform her engagements of restraining the indians
from hostilities a..i1 u,, il- t r.(c. States, -..d by
the culpable countenance, eri .- uii ..,:-ui, -.,il ai-
sistance given to those iA..,arj-, irnie. i t-.u-nl .
by .the bpanish governor and commandant at
those places. That the United i; sl-- t. ,a oE :'ut t
to d,--..ar,, as the Presidei ,L .1' ,,. t nii,-d ftt.I rs
does demand of pain, the P,..I.i,:,' o ih.- t'-
ficers for this misconduct; ra :,I u i ii. r il. c-. i .d
or Spain a ijut nd leaonjbil. inrlirnini i) the L'.
States for iLih heit, a.nd -i.ci-,i-ary c>fct'.-es which
they have been compelled to itneur, 'by ie failure .:f
pain to p..riL.rui htlI engagement. to restrain the
Sluiaians, aggravated by this demonstrated conm-
plicity of her commanding officers with the.i, .n
their hostildtii, 5't.c :in-i ILh- mulled S1atrc: 1' l.a
the two Li,,tilmbuiin d by order of G].s,.al
Jackson were not only idi,:lidtr-,i v. il, tl i .-, i
with whi-m they a a.e rt on tii 1 Jr a :_irl
the United States, but that one of tbhem in a- ih
over an, reiermenter -f ti,.- .. i iat, t i .-.t
his iItno. -I .n..I and lila:eI pi.oii,r.- to the Idi'r.nis
of support from Fh. Erbi-h. ct:.r.irn,.-.at, iivtr
would have .[, .,.nti-tlhat itl a:.tla.at i It:-H i, in-
struuonl! ol ai ., .,r -,, .r i" %ail t,' b.-,: ihe Unit-
Lid tiaa 'uL.u,I :....l al [,3 f..c .1t c,., and ex-
pedited by I\ o...JL.L,,,, ut.. pa le I ro.i t ".Ii con-
qulerino Ll....ida iu ti h ill, -. lnlrdian ;,n.d Ne',ai.t-
lhat, a- ..ct..nil .li,. of t. l -ii -1 -, adl ,iring
t.-u possessed .1 h .. -.., -.u. t .ti ....l i.
proofs- 1 tI in, ui ii b.u:,!,I, b t iln"- lai- l .aii.d ,,
S JiuLarjy on,: e-, ..; i ,, ill. a I,'1. ll n, I,.,l ih-
out th,, h It ,lin ,,I 111 ,1: Ih i... l,1. w i,,.i. a
e ver |-L. .-..) t-,lt SIli liil n| i' ,'u ii il f |.. fil,'.,
a ol -h*l i..i i on 1 ieuiij-ift-i. c ria e.M trn ii iun
Pf their crimes, ie liate II t h, I i.hl r. t rf a.
trial by a court I.iat|,-.I. of i,.hl .:p latai-l' :-
ficers: That lth, da.inc ulH one "ro- ist-d, st-I.lY
arid exclusively .,1 t....hni. ,a cavil' at I.-e nfasiri
01of part l the evidein e .- i .,iL -i liiu, ;,r.l th. .:t h, i
confessed his guilt. I N- A .li, thb., ih l ri .
Pensacola and St :t .,il ; :,I p.im. 11.e P:: d.nr.
gives the most signal proofs of i- ,.:niuId,.: tzIs t
hereafter her engagement to restrain, by force,
the Indians of Florida from all hostilities against
the United states, will c: (:,c.;ci il u.,l.ll..d :'* i t
there will beno more murotLs r .o'.-ir. r.;,r-eh-n
within.our borders, by -a a5s prowling ;,l:.nr llie
punish line, and seeking shelter within it, td dis-
play in their villages the scalps .:-f Our it ni en .and
children, their victims, and to tell, with ih:,ma.less
effrontery, the plunder from our i;t;i2,n in p.n-
ish forts and cities; that we .-lall t.e-ri nt,o nre
apologies from panish toetrn'.r- Z.-ijl cn.:rmma.il-
ants, of their inability to-fperl.-rm tihe dutic: iul th-.ir
office and the solemn contracts of th.:ir coui, I --
no more excuses for compliances to-the savage
enemies of the United states from the dread of
their attacks upon themselves-no more harbor-
ing of foreign imposters, upon compulsion; that a
strength sufficient will be kept in the province to
restrain the Indians by force, and officers empow-
ered and instructed to employ it effectually to
maintain the good faith of the nation, by the effec-
tive fulfilment of the treaty.
The duty of this government to protect the per-
sons and property of our fellow citizens on the bor-
ders of the United.. states is imperative-it must be
discharged-and if, after all the warnings that
Spain has had-if, after the prostration of all her
territor'.:d r;.iLM rnd neutral obl;fati,,u-, by Nicit-
olls and his tbandJitti, durin:r wr, aid of allber trea-
3y -tipul iaI.:.,, tb -\rtullJti f. l ,ndl .\m bi'i-l-r, at-.t-
led b lherornin commanding r.fficeis, duriniF pFace,
to the cifll annol sf.0 e o1" e .ilnited *latt --iI .-
necessifti. .:. I 'ell dclhnce ,h.iuld again comiipel the
United a..- ton Ial.:c p.'-.iei a ol the ra.n;-h ,.;-rrs
and pla. el. in Floriain, d-.laie, ih t the c.oudor and
frankness that become us, il,at anc.thl.r uncondi-
tional restoration of them naiiS riot be e.p-t.cd;
tllat ei.-n li- Pi'e-ieni't coradi-lEnce i r.f th.: eerl
ii'llah and ultimate ju-tili o1i tie pam-h g.'ern-
ment, will yield to the pain ful Ex p, -,: ij. ae ,:rc f-,n-
tinual disappointment; and that, altrt untw ari;ed
and almost unnumbered app..:-h to thrnm, lor the
performance oftheir-stipuli.al dut.c:, in tr i t,, t,-
United states will be reluctantly c.-,rp:llkid to i,-li,
for the protection of their borders, upon thtat-
selves alone.
You are authorised to communicate the -whole
of this letter and the accompanying documents to
the .panish government.
I have the honor, &c. &c.
[I The numeral letters in the margin of the a-
bove letter, refer to documents contained in the
Appendix thereto, which have not yet been pub-