Citation
Citrus by-products as feedstuffs

Material Information

Title:
Citrus by-products as feedstuffs a bibliography
Series Title:
Animal Science mimeograph report - Florida Agricultural Experiment Station ; AN68-9
Creator:
Ammerman, Clarence B
Publisher:
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
1968
Language:
English
Physical Description:
9 p. : ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cattle -- Feeding and feeds -- Bibliography -- Florida ( lcsh )
Citrus fruit industry -- By-products -- Bibliography ( lcsh )
Dried citrus pulp -- Bibliography ( lcsh )
Genre:
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent) ( marcgt )
bibliography ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
bibliography ( lcgft )

Notes

General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"April, 1968."
Statement of Responsibility:
C.B. Ammerman.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
78786914 ( oclc )

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text
I1O

S ., -. / "" .;.

Animal Science Florida Agricultural
Mimeograph Report No. AN68-9 Experiment Station
April, 1968 Gainesville, Florida

CITRUS BY-PRODUCTS AS FEEDSTUFFS A BIBLIOGRAPHY-/

C. B. Ammerman2/


Research in the 1910's showed that cattle will eat citrus products

and that dried citrus pulp had potential value as a feed for ruminants.

The dried pulp came onto the Florida market as a commercial feedstuff in

the early 1930's and since that time, this principle by-product feed of

the- iatrus criTing industry has established itself as an important feed-

sttff.-' The production of dried citrus pulp in Florida exceeded 500,000

tons during the 1966-67 canning season and with the anticipated increase

in the production of citrus fruit during the next several years, the

tonnage of dried pulp is expected to increase greatly.

At the present time, the major portion of the dried pulp is fed to

dairy cattle with the remainder fed to beef cattle. With increased

production, greater quantities of citrus pulp should become available

for feeding to beef cattle. Other nutritionally valuable by-product

feeds from the citrus industry include citrus meal, citrus molasses and

citrus seed meal. Because of the importance of the citrus by-product

feeds to the dairy and beef industries, the following list of references

concerning these feedstuffs was compiled as an aid to nutritionists and

others in locating much of the available literature.


1/ This study was supported in part by funds from the Florida Citrus
Processors Association in cooperation with the Florida Citrus Commission.

2/ Associate Animal Nutritionist. The assistance of Dr. R. B. Becker,
Department of Dairy Science, in compiling these references is acknow-
ledged.








1915 McDermott, F. A., as summarized by S. S. Walker. 1917. The Utiliza-
tion of Cull Citrus Fruits in Florida. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 135.

Allen, R. S. 1919. Citrus Fruit Rinds as a Hog Feed. Maryland Agr.
Exp. Sta. Bull. 227.

2920 Anonymous. 1922-23. Nutritive Value of Orange Pulp for Dairy Cows.
Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Ann. Rpt., 476pp.

Terpany, H. A. 1921. Feeding and Manurial Value of-Lime Skins. Agr.
News Barbados. West Indies 2: 308.

1925 Mead, S. W., and H. R. Guilbert. 1926. The digestibility of Certain
Fruit By-Products as Determined for Ruminants. Part-I. Dried Orange
Pulp and Raisin Pulp. Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 409.

Scott, J. Me Grapefruit Refuse as a Dairy Feed. 1926. Fla. Agr. Exp.
Sta, Ann. Rpt. 25R-26R.

Mead, S. W., and H. R. Guilbert.: 1927. -The Digestibility of Certain
Fruit By-Products as Determined for Ruminants. Part II. Dried Pine-
apple Pulp, Dried Lemon Pulp, and Dried Olive Pulp. Calif. Agr. Exp.
Sta. Bull. 439.

Regan, W. M., and S. W. Mead. 1927. The Value of Orange Pulp for Milk.
Production. Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 427.

1930 De Villiers, Francis J. 1931. Citrus By-Products: Orange and Lemon
Seeds. Farming in S. Africa. 6: 132.

Gaddum, L. W. 1934. The Pectic Constituents of Citrus Fruits. Fla.
Agr. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. 268.

Neal, W. M., R. B. Becker and P. T. Dix Arnold. 1934. Dried Grapefruit
Pefuse--A Valuable Feed. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Press Bull. 466.

1935 Neal, W. M., R. B. Becker, and P. T. Dix Arnold. 1935. The Feeding
Value and Nutritive Properties of Citrus By-Products. I. The Digest-
ible Nutrients of Dried. Grapefruit and Orange Refuse and the Feeding
Value of the Grapefruit Refuse for Growing Heifers. Fla. Agr. Exp.
Sta. Bull. 275.

Brown, H. L. 1936. Feeding for Milk Production. Fla. Agr. Ext. Bull.
82: 8.

Becker, R4 B., W. M. Neal and P. T. Dix Arnold. 1938. Dried Citrus
Pulp in Dairy Rations. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Press Bull. 521.

Taylor, A. L., and P.:;J3..Witte. 1938. Carotene in Oranges. Indus.
and Engin. Chem. 30: 110.








Archibald, J. G. 1939. 'Dried Citrus Pulp.- The New England Homestead.
March 11, 1939.

Braverman, J. S. 1939. Citrus Meal for Livestock and Poultry. Hadar.
12: 5.

Crown, R. M. 1939. The Utilization of Dried Grapefruit Meal as a Feed
for Growing Swine. M.SA. Thesis. Univ. of Florida.

Futch, M. C., L. L. Rusoff, and R. B. Becker. 1939. The Vitamin A
Content of Dried Citrus Pulp. J. Dairy Sci. 22: 115.

Mehrhof, N. R., and L. L. Rusoff. 1939. Utilization of Citrus Meal
for Poultry. Proc. of the Seventh World's'. Poultry Congress and Exposi-
tion. p. 209-12.

1940 Chace, E. M., H. W. von Loesceke, and J. L. Held. 1940. Citrus Fruit
Products. U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ., 577.

Garrett, 0. F., R. B. Arnold and G. H. Hartman. 1940. A Comparison
of the Effects of Seven Different Types of Roughage on the Color and
Flavor of Milk. J. Dairy Sci. 23: 497.

Pulley, G. N., and H. W. von Loesecke. 1940. Drying Method Changes
Composition of Grapefruit By-Products. Food Ind. 12: 6: 62-3, 100-101.

Antwerpen, F. J. von. 1941. Utilization of Citrus Wastes. Ind. Eng.
Chem. 33: 1422.

Arnold, P. T. Dix, R. B. Becker and W. M. Neal. 1941. The Feeding
Value and Nutritive Properties of Citrus By-Products. II. Dried Grape-
fruit Pulp for Milk Production. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta, Bull. 354.

Bondi, A. 1942. The Ensilage of Citrus Fruit Pulp. Empire Exp. Agr.
10: 89.

Jones, J. M., R. A. Hall, E. M. Neal, and J. H. Jones. 1942. Dried
Citrus Pulp in Beef Cattle Fattening Rations. Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta.
Bull. 613.

Bondi, A., and J. Meyer. 1943. The Digestibility of Citrus Feeds.
Empire J. Exptl. Agr. 10: 89.

Becker, R. B., P. T. Dix Arnold, G. K. Davis and E. L. Fouts. 1944.
Citrus Molasses--A New Feed. J. Dairy Sci. 27: 269.

Copeland, 0. C., and C. M. Shepardson. 1944. Dried Citrus Peel and
Pulp as a Feed for Lactating Cows. Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 658.

Lissauer, A, W., and J. Creco. 1944. Citrus Feed. (U.S, Patent No.
2,362,014).




-4-


1945 Heid, J. L.. 1945. Drying Citrus Cannery Wastes and Disposing of.
Effluents. Food. Indus. 17: 1479.

Ingols, R. S. 1945. The Citrus Canning Disposal Problem in Florida.
Sewage Works J. 17: 320.

Stanley, E. B. 1945. Rations for Fattening Steers in Arizona. Ariz.
Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 198.

Becker, R. B., P. T. DixArnold -G, K. Davis.and E. L. Eouts.- 1946.
Citrus Molasses. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Press Bull. 623.

Becker, R. B., G. K. Davis, W. G. Kirk, P. T. Dix Arnold and W.1 P.
Hayman. 1946. Citrus Pulp Silage. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 423.

Kirk, W. G., and R. M. Crown. 1947. Fattening Market Hogs in Drylot.
Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 428.

Becker, R. B., P. T. Dix Arnold and G. K. Davis. 1948. Citrus By-
Products as Feed for Cattle. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Press Bull. 644.

Davis, R. N., and A. R. Kemmerer. 1948. Lactating Factors for Dairy
Cows in Dried Grapefruit Peel. J. Dairy Sci. 31: 973.

Iranzo, J. R., and M. K. Veldhuis. 1948. The Composition of Florida
Citrus Molasses. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 61: 205.

Kuder, J. M. 1948. Method of Making Citrus Waste Feed Products. U.S.
Patent No. 2,455,782.

Shearon, W. H., and E. M. Burdick.. 1948. Citrus Fruit Processing.
Ind. & Eng. Chem. 40: 370.

Braverman, J. B. S. 1949. Citrus Products--Chemical Composition and
Chemical Technology. Interscience Publishers, Inc., N. Y. 424 pp.

Buschman, D. M. 1949. Citrus Molasses as a Feed for Swine. M.S.A.
Thesis. Univ. of Florida.

Driggers, J. C. 1949. Citrus Seed Meal for Growing Chicks. Ph.D.
Dissertation. Univ. of Florida.

Driggers, J. C. 1949. Chick Toxicity Factor Can be Removed frcm
Citrus Seed Meal. Fla. Poultry and Dairy J. 15 (8): 10, 12.

Kirk, W. G., E. R. Felton, H. J. Fulford and E. M. Hodges. 1949.
Citrus Products for Fattening Cattle. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 454.

Miller, R. L. 1949. The Place of Citrus By-Products in the Fee".
Industry.. Citrus Ind. 30(3): 16.









Pulley, G. N. 1949. Treatment of Citrus Waste Press Water. U.S.
Patent No. 2,471,893.

1950 Baker, F. S., Jr. 1940. Citrus Molasses in a Steer Fattening Ration.
Fla, Agr. Exp. Sta. Cir. S-22.

Bissett, 0. W. 1950. A Method for Estimating Soluble Solids in Dried
Citrur Pulp. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 63: 174.

Cunlhr, T. J., G. A. LaMar, C. B. Shawver, A. M. Pearson, S. J. Folks
and R. S. Glasscock. 1950. Observations on Cull Tangerines for Swine
Feeding. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Circ. S-11.

Cunha, T. J., A. M. Pearson, R. S. Glasscock, D. M. Buschman and :
S. J. Folks. 1950. Preliminary Observations on the Feeding Value
of Citrus and Cane Molasses for Swine. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Circ. S-10.

Curhza, T. J. 1950. Citrus Molasses-- A Good Hog Feed. Fla. Grower
58 (4): 4.

Glasscock, R. S., T. J. Cunha, A. M. Pearson, J. E. Pace and D. M.
Buschman. 1950. Preliminary Observations on Citrus Seed Meal as a
Protein Supplement for Fattening Steers and Swine. Fla. Agr. Exp.
Sta. Circ. S-12.

Hendrickson, R. 1950. Florida Citrus Molasses. Clarification of
Citrus Press Liquor. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 469.

Hendrickson, R., And J. W. Kesterson. 1950. Storage Changes in Citrus
Molasses. Fla. State Hort. Soc. Proc. 63: 154.

Houston, J. W., and J. K. Riggs. 1950. Citrus Molasses in Rations
.for Fattening Beef Calves. Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Prog. 1pt. 1213, 3 PP.

Kirk, W. G., and E. M. Hodges. 1950. Addition of Cottonseed Meal to
...Citrus Diet Means More Weight at Station. Fla. Cattleman, 14 (9): 54.

Pace, J. E. 1950. The Feeding Value of Citrus By-Products for Growing
and Fattening Steers. M.S.A. Thesis, Univ. of Florida.

Riggs, J. K., 0. D. Butler, and J. A. Gaines. 1950. Citrus Molasses
and Corn Molasses Compared with Ground Milo in Rations for Fattening
Beef Calves. Tex. Agr. Exp. Sta. Prog. Rpt. 1252, 3pp.

Becker, R. B. and P. T. Dix Arnold. 1951. Citrus Pulp in Dairy Rations.
Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Circ. S-40.

.Bissett, 0. W., and M. K. Veldhuis. 1951. Hygroscopic Characteristics
of Dried Citrus Pulps Containing Citrus Molasses. Feedstuffs 23 (36): 26.








Driggers, J. C., G. K. Davis and N. R. Mehrhof. 1951.
in Citrus Seed Meal. Extraction, Chick Feeding Trials
Characteristics. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Tech. Bull. 476.


Toxic Factor
and Chemical


Hendrickson, R., and J. W. Kesterson. 1951. Citrus By-Products of
Florida. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 487.

Neal, W. M. 1951. Method for Treatment of Fruit Waste. U. S. Patent
No. 2,548,510.


Tarassuk, N. P., and C. L. Roadhouse.
Products on the Flavor of Milk. Milk


SVincent, D. B.
2, 536,240.


1951. Effect of Dried Citrus
Plant Monthly 40 (9): 38.


1951. Citrus Pulp.Foodstuff.: U.S..:Patent No.


Kilburn, R. W. 1952. Reduction of Scale Formation in Citrus Molasses
Evaporators. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 65: 253.

Chapman, H. L., Jr., R. W. Kidder and S. W. Plank. 1953. Comparative
Feeding Value of Citrus Molasses, Cane Molasses, Ground Snapped Corn
and Dried Citrus Pulp for Fattening Steers on Pasture. Fla. Agr-. Exp.
Sta. Bull. 531.

Harte, W. H. 1953. Integrate Complex Operation and Make a Better Feed
from Peel. Food Engin. 25 (3): 84.

Wakefield, J. W. 1953. The Results of Research on Citrus Processing
Waste Disposal. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 66: 246.

Baker, F. S., Jr. 1954. Citrus and Blackstrap Molasses in Steer Fat-
tening Rations. North Fla. Exp. Sta. Mimeo Rpt. 54-6.

Coune, F. L. 1954. Citrus Molasses and Distillers Dried Solubles in
Rations for Growing Chickens. M.S.A. Thesis, Univ. of Florida.

Kirk, W. G. and G. K. Davis. 1954. Citrus Products for Beef Cattle.
Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 538.


1955 Baker, F.
Fla. Agr.


S., Jr. 1955. Steer Fattening Trials in North Florida.
Exp. Sta. Cir. S-89.


Baker, F. S., Jr. 1955. Citrus Molasses, Dried Citrus Pulp, Citrus
Meal and Blackstrap Molasses in Steer Fattening Rations. North Fla.
Exp. Sta. Mimeo Rpt. 55-3.

Agricultural Research Service. 1956. Chemistry and Technology of
Citrus, Citrus Products and By-Products. U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture Handbood No. 98.

Kirk, W. G., E. M. Kelly, H. J. Fulford and H. E. Henderson. 1956.
Feeding Value of Citrus and.Blackstrap Molasses for Fattening Cattle.
Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 575.








Laudons, H., and D. F. Davis. 1956. Dried Citrus Pulp Insect Problem,
and its Possible Solution with Insectidices Coated Paper Bags. Proc..
Fla. State Hort. Soc. 69: 191.

Keener, H. A., N. F. Colovos, and R. B. Eckberg. 1957. The Nutritive
Value of Dried Citrus Pulp for Dairy Cattle. New Hampshire Agr. Exp.
Sta. Bull. 438.

Peacock, F. M. and W. G. Kirk. 1959. Comparative Feeding Value of
Dried Citrus Pulp, Corn Feed Meal and Ground Snapped Corn for Fatten-.
ing Steers in Drylot. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 616.

1960 Leighton, R. E. 1960. Dried Citrus Pulp in the Dairy Ration. Tex.
Agr. Progress Rpt. 6: 15.

McNary, R. R., and M. H. Dougherty. 1960. Citrus Vinegar. Fla. Agr.,
Exp. Sta. Bull. 622.

Ammerman, C. B., L. R. Arrington, J. T. McCall, J. E. Wing and G. K.
Davis. 1961. Nutritive Value of Dried Citrus Pulp for Steers. J.
Ani. Sci. 20: 398. (Abstract).

Sinclair, W. B. (Editor). 1961. The Orange, Its Biochemistry and
Physiology. Univ. of Calif. Press 475pp.

Ammerman, C. B., P. E. Loggins, and L. R. Arrington. 1962. Dried
Citrus Pulp Versus Ground Snapped Corn for Sheared and Unsheared .
Summer-Fed Lambs. J. Ani. Sci. 21: 384 (Abstract).

Ammerman, C. B., L. R. Arrington, P. E. Loggins and .J. T. McCall. 1962.
Effect of Dietary Enzyme Supplementation on Digestibility of Nutrients
from Dried Citrus Pulp and Dried Tomato Pulp by Lambs. Ani. Sci. Mimeo
Series No. 62-9, Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta., Gainesville.

Ammerman, C. B., P. E. Loggins, and L. R. Arrington. 1963. Comparative
Feeding Value of Dried Citrus Pulp and Ground Snapped Corn for Fattening
Lambs. Ani. Sci. Mimeo. Series No. 63-13, Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta., Gainesville.

Ammerman, C. B., P. A. van Walleghem, A. Z. Palmer, J. W. Carpenter,
J. F. Hentges, and L. R. Arrington. 1963. Comparative Feeding Value
of Dried Citrus Pulp and Ground Corn and Cob Meal for Fattening Steers.
Ani. Sci. Mimeo Series No. AN64-8, Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Gainesville,

Ammerman, C. B., P. A. van Walleghem, J. F. Easley, L. R. Arrington,
and R. L. Shirley. 1963. Dried Citrus Seeds -- Nutrient Composition
and Nutritive Value of Protein. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 76: 245.

Ammerman, C. B., and J. M. Wing. 1963. Physical Breakdown of Whole
Citrus Seeds and Digestibility of Rations High in Citrus Seeds by
Ruminants. Ani. Sci. Mimeo Series No. 63-12 and Dairy Sci. Mimeo
Series No. 63-5, Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta., Gainesville.







Hendrickson, R., and J. W. Kesterson. 1964. Citrus Molasses. Fla.
Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull'. 677.

Hentges, J. F., Jr., M. T. Cabezas, F. Capote, J. E. Moore, A. Z. Palmer,
J. W. Carpenter and R. L. Shirley. 1964. The Comparative Nutritional
Value of Dried Citrus Meal and Corn for Fattening Cattle. Fla. Agr.
Exp. Sta., Ani. Sci. Mimeo. Rpt. AN64-10.

Loggins, P. E., C. B. Ammerman, L. R. Arrington, J. E.-Moore and C. F.
Simpson. 1964. Feeding Value of Pelleted Rations High in Citrus By-
Products and Corn for Fattening Lambs,--Ani. Sci. Mimeo Rpt. No. A1l-
65-6 Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta., Gainesville.

Spurlock, A. H., and H. G. Hamilton. 1964. Costs of Processing,
Warehousing and Selling Florida Citrus Products, 1962-63 Season. Fla.
Agr. Exp. Sta., Agr. Econ. Mimeo Rpt. EC64-10.

van Walleghem, P. A., C. B. Ammerman, C. F. Chicco, J. E. Moore, and
L. R. Arrington. 1964. Enzyme Supplements and Digestibility of Protein
and Energy in Rations High in Dried Citrus Pulp. J. Ani. Sci. 23:-960.

1965 Ammerman, C. B., R. Hendrickson, G. M. Hall, J. F. Easley and P. E.
Loggins. 1965. The Nutritive Value of Various Fractions of.Citrus
Pulp and the Effect of Drying Temperature on the Nutritive Value of
Citrus Pulp. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 78: 307.

Arrington, L. R. and C. B. Ammerman. 1965. Citrus Pulp in the Ration
for Rabbits. Ani. Sci. Mimeo Rpt. No. AN65-12.

Chapman, H. L.,.Jr. R. W. Kidder M. Koger, J. R. Crockett, and W. K.
McPherson. 1965. Blackstrap Molasses for Beef Cows. Fla. Agr. Exp.
Sta. Bull. 701.

Hendrickson, R. and J. W. Kesterson. 1965. By-Products of Florida
Citrus Composition, Technology, and Utilization. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta.
Bull. 698.

Pounden, W. D., and N. A. Frank. 1965. Influence of Citrus Pulp
Products on Streptococcus Agalactiae Mastitis in Cattle. J. Am. Vet.
Med. Assoc. 146: 1304.

C. B. Ammerman, J. F. Easley, L. R. Arrington and F. G. Martin. 1966.
Factors Affecting the Physical and Nutrient Composition of Dried Citrus
Pulp. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 79: 233.

Ammerman, C. B., P. W. Waldroup, L. R. Arrington, R. L. Shirley and
R. H. Harms. 1966. Nutrient Digestibility by Ruminants of Poultry
Litter Containing Dried Citrus Pulp. J. Agr. Food Chem. 14: 279.

Deen, W. W., Jr., and I. J. Ross. 1966. Pelleting Wet Citrus Pulp
with the Aid of a Bonding Agent. Proc.-Asso. Southern A'o. Vcr-kers
Inc. p. 66 (Abstract).









Hendrickson, R.
Without Seeds.


And J. W. Kesterson. 1966. Citrus Pulp With and
Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 79: 248.


Hentges, J. F., Jr., J. E. Moore,
Replacement Value of Dried Citrus
Diets. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Tech.


A. Z. Palmer and J.W. Carpenter. 1966.
Meal for Cqrn Meal in Beef Cattle
Bull. 708.


Kirk, W. G., E. M. Kelly, H. J. Fulford and H. E. Henderson. 1966.
Feeding Value of Citrus and Blackstrap Molasses for Fattening Cattle.
Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 575. (Reprinted from original, 1956).


Loggins, P. E., C. B. Anmerman,
Addition of Long Hay and Sodium
Lamb Diets High in Citrus Pulp.


J. E. Moore and C. F. Simpson. 1966.
Bicarbonate to Pelleted and Meal
J. Ani. Sci. 25: 263, (Abstract).


Ross, I. J. and C. F. Kiker. 1966. Handling and Storage of Dried
Citrus Pulp. Proc. Assoc. Southern Agr. Workers, Inc., p. 65 (Abstract).

Spurlock, A. H. 1966. Costs of Processing, Warehousing and Selling
Florida Citrus Products 1964-65 Season. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Agr.Ecou-
Mimeo Rpt. EC 66-9.

Ammerman, C. B., F. C. Neal, A. Z. Palmer, J. E. Moore and L. R. Arrington.
1967. Comparative Nutritional Value of Pelleted and Regular Dried Citrus
Pulp When Fed at Different Levels to Finishing Steers. Ani. Sci. Mimeo.
Rep. No. AN67-7, Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta., Gainesville.

Lyford, S. J., Jr. 1967. Digestion of Pectin by the Ruminant. J. Ani.
Sci. 26: 878 (Abstract).

Spurlock, A. H., 1967. Costs of Processing, Warehousing and Selling
Florida Citrus Products, 1965-66 Season. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta., Agr.
Econ. Mimeo Rpt. EC67-12.

Ross, I. J. and C. F. Kiker. 1967. Some Physical Properties of Dried
Citrus Pulp. Transactions of the Am. Soc. Agr. Eng. 10: 483.

Zavala, M. A. and H. Gargia. 1967. Dehydrated Orange Meal in Grower
Diets for Pullets. Poultry Sci. 46: 1342 (Abstract).

Spurlock, A. H. 1968. Costs of Processing, Warehousing and Selling
Florida Citrus Products, 1966-67 Season. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta., Agr.
Econ. Mimeo Rpt. EC68-7.