Alternate title: Robinson Crusoe...
 Title Page
 The adventures of Robinson...

Group Title: The Life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe : revised with special reference to moral tendency, and adapted to the capacity of the young : with numerous illustrations.
Title: The Life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072782/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe revised with special reference to moral tendency, and adapted to the capacity of the young : with numerous illustrations
Alternate Title: Robinson Crusoe for the young
Physical Description: 191 p., 2 leaves of plates : ill. ; 17 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Biddle, Edward C., 1808-1893 ( Publisher )
Haswell, James C ( Printer )
C. W. Murray and Co ( Printer )
Publisher: Edward C. Biddle
Place of Publication: Philadelphia
Publication Date: 1843
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1843   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Citation/Reference: NUC pre-1956,
General Note: Adaptation of Defoe's Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Added illustrated t.p.: Robinson Crusoe for the young.
General Note: "Stereotyped by C. W. Murray and Co., printed by James C. Haswell" - verso of t.p.
Funding: Preservation and Access for American and British Children's Literature, 1870-1889 (NEH PA-50860-00).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072782
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature in the Department of Special Collections and Area Studies, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 13547134

Table of Contents
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    Alternate title: Robinson Crusoe for the young
        Page 2
    Title Page
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    The adventures of Robinson Crusoe
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Full Text
















Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1842, by
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Eastern District of


46 Carpenter Street.


HIS instructive and entertaining
history was written about one
hundred and fifty years ago, by
g a very ingenious and celebrated
person, Daniel De Foe. Before he became an
author, he was a hosier, and then a pantile-
maker; but in business he did not succeed,
and he sunk into great distress. He published
many works, of which Robinson Crusoe is the
chief. It is said that he derived the idea of
this story from the narrative of Alexander Sel-
kirk, a sailor who was left ashore on the island


of Juan Fernandez, and was brought away
by Captain Rogers, after he had lived there
by himself for many years. Let us hope that
this tale of wonderful adventures, bitter suffer-
ings, and perilous escapes, will teach our
young friends the advantage of a safe and
quiet home, and cure them of that sad disorder
of the mind, a discontented and restless dis-




OBINSON CRUSOE, according to his
own account of himself, was at the
age of eighteen a discontented rnd
most unreasonable young gentleman.
He had kind parents, a comfortable
home, and all the advantages commonly arising
from prosperous circumstances; and yet he was
dissatisfied. He appeared to be weary of good
things, and to desire evil things for the sake of
the change. You will see that he had more
than enough of amazing troubles and disasters
in the course of his life to teach him the value
of common comforts at home. Our first print
represents him sullen and dejected by the fire-

I I,: ...] i..j ., F. L I I


side, with all things convenient about him.his
sister has hold of his hand and is endeavouring
by kindness to persuade him into a good humour,
whilst his parents are representing the advantages
he there possessed, and are pointing to the case
of a poor beggar at the door to whom a servant
has been sent with relief; but who in the mean
time endures the pitiless wintry storm and
hunger at the same time. Robinson, however,
disregards all that can be said and done to
attach him to his home; he becomes ill-tempered
and reserved, and would you believe it, he forms
the sad resolution of leaving his parents' house
without their leave or knowledge! I quite
expect to find him in some dreadful situation of
distress the next time we hear of him-let us


YES, here he is on board a ship in
a storm, which is just ready to sink!
V They are getting a boat ready for
Shim and the rest of the crew. I
fear it is too small to take them
every one, I hope poor Robinson will escape
somehow-that is the lad I mean; the wind has
just blown his hat off, do not you see ?-Before
I tell you what became of him this time, I must
explain how he came on board that ship and
where it was to have sailed. The case was this.
Robinson had stated his discontents to some of
his young acquaintances, amongst whom was a
sailor-lad whose father owned a vessel trading
from Hull in Yorkshire to London. This lad
told Crusoe that he would be happy directly if
he would but go to sea-a very great mistake
indeed, which many a boy finds out too late.
However, Robinson disliked home and regular



I 4 ) jI3

t iI~ 177



habits so much that he took this bad advice-
ran away from his dear parents and brothers and
sisters without even saying good-bye, and got on
board this vessel one fine autumn evening in
company with his sailor-friend. I am afraid that
neither of these lads told the captain of the ves-
sel the truth, or he would not have taken them5
but so it was: they sailed out of the river Hum-
ber, and very delightful it seemed at first, but in
a few hours the wind rose and blew most bois-
terously, the waves flew over the ship and tossed
it up and down-Robinson was dreadfully sick
and could not keep his legs. At last the ship
was thrown upon some rocks, which knocked a
great hole in it, so that they began to sink and
were obliged to take to their boats as I said

*. ^


ELL, and so as soon as poor Robin-
Ml and all the people had got into
Ri lihe little boat, the great ship went
Sdoi:wn! Yes, it sunk down, down,
down, into the sea, till at last even the top of the
mast was covered by the waves. All the corn
and merchandise which were to have been sold
in London for thousands of pounds, and all the
ship that had cost thousands too, with their
boxes of clothes and every thing, were all lost
at once and never heard of more. But Robin-
son and the rest of them had no time to think
of those things, for they were afraid every
moment that their little boat with themselves in
it would also go down, the weather was so tem-
pestuous, the sea was so rough, and their boat
was so overloaded. But it pleased Providence
to spare all their lives that time. They arrived
at length at a place called Yarmouth in Norfolk,










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Xury suddenly cried out, "0 master, a ship-
a ship!" They were both overjoyed at the sighf,
which was evidently a European vessel, and now
their chief effort was to make themselves per-
ceived; for the vessel, though in sight, was not
sailing towards them. So they hoisted a white
flag as high as they could, and at length had the
joy of seeing that they were observed, as the
vessel now altered her course and came towards


HEN the ship came up to our ad-
venturers, the captain enquired of
Robinson, in three different lan-
..- guages, who and what he was; but
unhappily, this young man not having improved
his time at school, understood not a word he
said in French, in Spanish, or in Portuguese.
At last a Scotch sailor who chanced to be on
board, found that Robinson was an Englishman,
and so got the needful information out of him;
which when the captain understood, induced
him to take the two young men on board with
all their goods.
The Portuguese captain behaved very well
indeed to his new guests, and offered to take
them where he was going, that was to the Bra-
zils in South America, and to buy his boat at a
fair price of him when he got there. He also

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offered to take the boy Xury and employ him in
his ship, which was a great benefit to both.
They had a prosperous voyage to the Brazils.
The captain, who was generous as well as just
refused to take any thing of Robinson for his
passage, and at the same time bought all he had
to sell at a very good price-the boat and all
that was in it, with the lion's skin, produced
him thus a very useful sum of money; the thing
above all things needful in arriving on a foreign


--: ND now we find Robinson Crusoe
Sin quite a new situation and con-
dition in life. Being recommend-
... ed by the captain to an honest
resident who was master of a sugar plantation,
he acquainted himself with the manner of culti-
vating that plant, and of making the sugar itself.
At length he purchased some land and set up
But Robinson began now to reflect that he
could have done better than this at home, had
he liked to have settled on a farm, or to any
other profession or business. In fact, though
he was succeeding as well as he could expect,
he began to be unhappy and discontented again.
At length when he had been about four years in
the Brazils, and had considerably increased his
property, Robinson Crusoe determined to sell
all off and go to sea again as a merchant; and

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what trade do you think he fixed upon now to
carry forward on the seas ?-the slave trade!
I am sorry to say, that he resolved to sail to the
coast of Africa to purchase poor negroes to work
in the plantations of Brazil.


ITT our restless adventurer was soon
1' punished for his incurable discon-
Stent, and for his unjust purpose of
ienslaving his fellow-men. He sailed
ii a good vessel with a crew of
fourteen persons, and such articles of traffic as
would enable him to purchase slaves of the
African chiefs. But they had not been many
days out at sea when a violent tempest arose,
such as in the tropical seas is called a tornado;
this drove them far away from their intended
course, and indeed quite out of their knowledge,
so that for twelve days they knew not where
they were nor whither they were going. Whilst
they were in this perplexity and terror, one of
the sailors suddenly called out "Land !" That
meant that he could see land; but Robinson had
no sooner run out of the cabin to look out, than
the vessel struck upon a sand-bank; and the

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motion being thus stopped, the sea broke over
with tremendous violence, threatening every in-
stant to wash them all overboard and to break
the ship in pieces. At last they did as before,
and as is usual in such cases, they got the boat
down and embarked in her, although they had
little hope that they could thereby escape. At
length their worst fears were realized; the fatal
wave came which overset their boat and threw
them all into the stormy sea!


.j. -,oir would now expect an end of the
story, but that you know if they had
,1ll been drowned, no one could have
told about the storm. Yes, one was
saved, and he got to shore without any boat at
all. It was Robinson himself, who was thrown
out like the rest of them; but so it happened
that the wave which upset the boat bore him on
its foaming edge, and at length hurled him with
violence on the shore. He had just time to get
on his legs and run higher up before the next
wave came, which would have carried him back
again to the whelming ocean. Poor Crusoe had
scarcely escaped this danger when he dropped
nearly insensible from the violence, exertion,
and fright he had undergone. When he came
to himself he looked up and thanked God for
his wonderful deliverance. He was the only
one saved out of the whole company; he never

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saw them afterwards, nor any sign of them, but
three of their hats, one cap, and two shoes that
were not fellows.
Robinson cast his eyes to the stranded vessel,
which lay at some distance buffeted by the yet
rolling sea. It seemed to him a miracle that he
could have got on shore.



o our friend Robinson Crusoe is at
length landed all alone on an entirely
unknown shore What was to be-
come of him now-what should he
do? Can you tell me what you
would do in such a case-hunger coming on,
night approaching, and no food or lodging pro-
vided I rather think you would wish yourself
at home again, as there is no doubt Robinson
did on that occasion. In fact he soon began to
think that he had but a dreadful deliverance
from a sudden to a lingering death. His condi-
tion was indeed pitiable. He was wet and had
no other clothes, nor any thing to eat or drink,
nor any prospect but that of perishing with
famine or being devoured by wild beasts. He
had no weapon to defend him, or to enable him
to procure any animal for his sustenance; he
had nothing about him but a knife, and a tobacco



box and pipe, with a little tobacco. He walked
about in very great distress and agony of mind,
and as night came on he had nothing for it
but to climb up into a thick bushy tree out
of the way of wild beasts, and here he fell fast


lSHE next morning early Robinson
awoke in his leafy chamber, and
Scrubbing his eyes wondered not a
little where he was. Hunger soon
reminded him that he had had no supper, and
when he had roused himself completely he could
not tell where his breakfast was to come from.
This was rather a serious predicament-worse
than sitting by his father's fireside at York,
taking rolls and coffee on a rainy morning.
Before Crusoe descended from the tree he
looked out on the ocean. The storm had
abated, and he was surprised to observe that the
wreck of the ship had been thrown higher up
and much nearer the shore. This gave him
some comfort, and he walked as far as he could
towards her, but still found half a mile of water
between the vessel and the land. In a few
hours, however, the tide had ebbed out so far

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that he could approach the ship by swimming,
and after having paddled round it for some time,
he at length found a bit of rope hanging from
her side, by which he swung himself up and got
on board. Now he perceived that if they had
all kept the ship that they would all have been
safe, and he would have had companions in his

'-: :2


HEN Robinson got on board the
vessel, it was a sad sight indeed.
She was wedged fast, so that the fore
part was secured and whole, but the
hind part was greatly damaged and broken,
and she was more than half filled with water.
All the masts, sails and ropes-which are
called the rigging-were gone. Happily, how-
ever, for Robinson he found the provision-
room but little injured, and the chief of the
stores remaining good. 0 with what a relish
did he devour biscuits and bacon, cheese and
salt fish, and how refreshed he was by a drop of
good wine from the neck of a broken bottle,
though in his eagerness he sadly cut his mouth
with the glass! He found indeed that he was
in danger of indulging to excess after his long
fast, and therefore presently set about another
kind of employment. He knew that his very

I 1,1


existence depended on his being able to trans-
port these provisions to the shore for his future
subsistence, but how was this to be done? there
was no boat, and the remains of the vessel would
not hold together long, strained as it still was by
the force of the sea and wind. He could to be
sure swim away as he had done, and he could
put a biscuit or two in his mouth; but it was
needful to hit on some better contrivance than
that-what do you think it could be ?


i-. o you know what a raft is? It is a
platform of pieces of timber fastened
together, and which will be sure to
Sfloat, because any single piece would
float by itself. Now it is plain, that if a raft
thus made be put on the water and not over-
loaded, it will answer in some degree the pur-
pose of a boat; and if a man can but keep his
place and position upon it, he may proceed with
it in safety. So Robinson set to work, and
finding plenty of broken timber and scattered
rigging about, he corded a quantity together as
flat as a floor; and having tied to it a rope of
sufficient length to prevent its sailing away, he
contrived, by the help of lines and with great
exertion, to heave it over the ship's side. There
was a splash! So-now the raft has adjusted
itself, and lies pretty flat on the water, but bob-
bing up and down with the waves. But Crusoe

ill .. : I .- R ri

5 65


soon steadied it a little with some of the sea-
men's heavy chests, and with casks of provisions
and other things. Whilst he was doing this, the
tide was rising, and he had the unhappiness to
see his coat and waistcoat which he had left on
shore washed away by the sea. However, he
found others on board the ship; and having got
as much on his raft, of provisions, utensils, tools,
arms and ammunition, as it could well sustain,
he pushed off, and the sea being tolerably quiet,
he managed to row himself to land. Look at
him in the print; there he is full of business, is
he not?


OBINSON did not get to land without
hazard and difficulty; for when his
raft touched the ground, the oppo-
site part began to sink in the water,
so that he and his wares were very
nearly sloped off into the sea. He just succeeded
in preventing this, and at length got all his goods
up high and dry on the shore. Oh, how thank-
ful he was-there was food enough and other
comfortable things for a long time to come-no
thoughts of starving now.
His next care was to find a place of lodging
for himself, and of security for his goods. So,
having piled them together as well as he could,
he took a gun and some powder, and ascended a
high hill at no great distance. Then it was that
he discovered this strange spot to be an island,
for he could see the ocean with its waves spark-
ling all round it. The island itself was of course

\ :.., ,,.J:, ,1[ l


not very large, nor was it barren; there were
woods and grassy vales, and various animals
skipping about, but he could not discover the
least sign of a human being. You see him there
on the top of the hill in the engraving, and there
are his casks and chests in a heap below. What
has he done with his raft? Oh! there it is, tied
to a stump driven into the sand!


OBINSON CRUSOE came down from
the hill and walked about to explore
the island further, but was greatly
afraid of losing sight of his stores.
S So he did not go a great way that
day; but when evening arrived he felt very
much fatigued with his exertions, and began to
wish much for some quiet lodging in which he
might lie secure for the night. However, he
could find none then, and therefore he barricaded
himself round as well as he could with the tubs,
chests, and boards; and having taken his supper,
passed the night pretty comfortably. In the
morning he again looked towards the ship, and
finding she still remained, he determined to try
and raft over as many more things as he thought
would be useful to him, and, in fact, went and
came on this errand several times, and greatly
increased his stores on the island. He also car-

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ried on shore with him two cats, which, together
with a dog that swam ashore from the wreck, for
some time composed his household. It was not
to be expected that he should make every voyage
without an accident: on one occasion the raft
and all that was on it was upset and washed
away, and himself narrowly escaped drowning.
These expeditions were at length put an end to
as he had expected. One morning, when he
awoke after a windy night and looked towards
the sea, the ship had entirely disappeared; not a
plank was visible, all had been borne away by
the curling green waves !


-. OBINSON CRUSOE, though solitary,
was no longer destitute on his little
i island. Provisions, drink, clothing,
W tools, materials, arms, gunpowder
and shot, with innumerable other
articles, not excepting MONEY! he had supplied
himself with in more or less abundance. You
will ask of what use money could be to him in
an uninhabited island? None whatever, cer-
tainly; but he prudently thought that if ever a
ship came that way, gold would be of use again.
Still Robinson was without a habitation. He
had goods but no lodging, and that was rather
awkward; he was also in constant terror of
wild beasts issuing from the woods, which might
eat his provisions, and perhaps himself at last,
So he considered what he should do, and re-
solved to erect himself a tent with the sails and

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cordage of the ship, until he could provide him-
self some more secure habitation.
He found that he should soon lose all know-
ledge of the days, months, or years of his
present life, unless he kept some account of
their progress; so he got some long sticks, and
cutting a notch every day, could at any time
count them up and find where he was in the


OBINSON's tent would not have pro-
i tected him from the attacks of wild
beasts, of which he was so much
afraid, if he had trusted to ropes
and canvas. To fortify himself to
his satisfaction, he enclosed it in a ring fence
made with stakes driven firmly into the ground,
and so high as not to be mounted by men or
animals. He would not even make a door for
himself to enter, lest he should chance to leave it
open, but used a ladder, which he always drew
up after him. So he was secure, and at the
same time solitary indeed. Within this enclo-
sure, or within his tent, he brought all his
various stores and useful articles. This spot
was close under the side of a hill, in which he
scooped out a cave, which he mad6 his cellar.
Now, though this young man was for the
present in much less distress than might have


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been expected, he was by no means happy.
The thoughts of his native land, and the social
comforts he had forsaken without cause, often
brought tears into his eyes; and his utter lone-
liness made him, for the most part, melancholy
and wretched. If he had not been obliged to
employ himself so much in laborious occupations
required by his situation, he might have lost his
reason altogether. I trust therefore that none
of my young readers will envy him, however
snug was his tent and cave, and although he was
a sort of monarch over the island he inhabited.


ST was, according to Robinson's
S reckoning, the 30th of September,
S 1659, when he first set foot on this
Island. At that period mariners
Li'i had traversed the seas but little,
and there were countless lands and seas which
had never apparently been visited by men. It
would now be rather difficult to find a solitary
island, or even the rocky summit of a mountain
above the sea, which has not been seen, named,
and laid down in some chart or another.
Our adventurer did not neglect to provide
himself with pen, ink and paper, books, and
nautical instruments, out of the ship's stores;
and these relieved his dulness very much, and
enabled him to write his history at full length.
What he says in his narrative about this island
as an unknown country to all the world, might
have been true almost two hundred years ago;


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but this would not quite do to write as existing
to the present day. The print shows Robinson
in his tent, writing his history by the light of a
lamp. Poor Robinson! While engaged in this
solitary business, he must often have recollected
the pleasant school-boy days when he sat at his
little desk, at his own quiet home, and wrote his
themes or letters, little dreaming of the troubles
that awaited him in after times.


Ss this is but a little book, and Ro-
i, binson Crusoe's story is a very
I long one, we cannot give an account
A, i of every thing he mentions in his
Sown history, but must content our-
selves with noticing the most interesting circum-
It happened very fortunately for Robinson
that the island had no savage or venomous beasts
upon it, which was rather surprising for a spot
in the torrid zone. He found indeed wild cats
and wild goats, both of which he tamed, and
made of them a sort of companions. Besides
these, there were birds, some of them good for
food, and parrots, one of which he caught, and
taught it to call him by his name.
His provisions brought from the ship would
not have subsisted him more than a few months,
so that he was very glad to find supplies on the

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island of some sort. He had the flesh and milk
of the goats, of whose skins he made himself
clothes; and he found grapes and wild fruits in
abundance. There were, besides, hares and
rabbits, and fish to be obtained occasionally
from the sea. Still he would have wanted corn
victuals, if he had not chanced to shake out one
of the ship's bags in which a few grains had
remained. These sprang up and in time pro-
duced him all that he required for himself and
his goats. In the print you see him attending
those animals.


E have said that Robinson dug a
cave in the side of the hill. He
Sound this so much more cool and
comfortable in the heat of the day
than his tent, that he set to work to enlarge it
for a habitation at certain times. He worked
very hard at this for eighteen days, and had just
congratulated himself on the progress he had
made, when a great misfortune happened which
had very nearly put an end to all his adventures.
The earth from above tumbled down suddenly
and almost buried him beneath it! With much
difficulty he extricated himself, and then had all
his work to do over again; taking care now to
prop up the ceiling of his cave as he proceeded.
After this happened an earthquake, which made
poor Robinson quake, accompanied by a storm
which almost tore his tent from the ground.
SBut a worse misfortune than these, and one


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that alarmed him much more, was a dangerous
illness, an ague that attacked him and confined
him to his habitation many days, and which he
thought at one time would have ended fatally
See how deplorable he looks, with no attendants
near but his cats and his Poll-parrot!


-r was some time before poor Ro-
~ binson recovered his usual health
and strength; he could do little
:, but wander slowly about, trusting
to Nature as his only physician.
When, however, he became quite well, he deter-
mined to make a more extensive survey of the
island than he had done before; so he set out
one fine morning with such provisions as he
could conveniently carry.
Wandering up by the banks of a brook, he
found many pleasant meadows, rich and verdant;
and in places were growing many splendid plants
and flowers peculiar to the warm climates. The
chief of these were aloes, sugar-canes, tobacco-
plants and melons. Proceeding further, he came
to woods of mahogany and cedar, with vines and
grapes in abundance. When night came on, he
climbed into a tree as before: and this seems to

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be the safest lodging in those countries for tra-
vellers on such occasions. The next morning
he proceeded and found the country still more
luxuriant and delightful, so that he could not
help feeling satisfaction at the thought that it
seemed to be all his own, and that without dis-
pute. Robinson travelled thus some miles, and
at length returned home laden with delicious


UT notwithstanding the fruits and
the animals Robinson obtained, he
S found that he must turn farmer or
husbandman in earnest, if he would
be sure of a certain store of food
for the future. So he enclosed a piece of ground,
dug it up with much labour, and sowed the grain
in the proper season. Do you know that the cli-
mate in the torrid zone has only two kinds of
weather to mark the year, the rainy season and
the dry: thus, it is rainy in our spring and autumn,
and dry during our summer and winter. The
first time he sowed his corn, he lost his crop for
want of knowing this: the dry season came, and
it was all parched up, and so perished. I think
Robinson Crusoe must have been very well quali-
fied to write a book of trades, he had to under-
take so many himself. We find him a sailor, fish-
erman, ship-builder, carpenter, farmer, grazier,


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butcher, basket-maker, pot and pan maker, miller,
tailor, and twenty other things, and king of the
country at the same time. All this was very cu-
rious, and it is certainly entertaining enough to
read about; but Robinson would rather have been'
engaged in any one of those trades in England
and no king at all, than shut up in his lone island
with nobody but his cats and his parrot to speak
to.-What do you think of the matter ?


E must now enquire more particu-
larly how our friend Robinson pro-
c eeded in some of the employment
_-..-_-__ .; just mentioned.-Poor fellow! he
tells us that he had no pots or pans to put and
carry any liquid in, nor a basket to take provisions
with him on a journey. Luckily he found some
willow-trees, whose long boughs and tough twigs
enabled him to provide himself with baskets both
light and strong, though not perhaps very neat or
ornamental. He was more troubled to make
pots and pans, and would have given several
pieces of his useless gold for a good pitcher and
a brown dish, such as in England we can get for
a few pence. However, he set to work; but he
says we should both pity and laugh were we to
see the awkward, misshapen things he made at
first. Why, his pots fell in and his pots fell
out with their own weight; and as for liquors,

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they all preferred making the best of their way
out, to remaining confined in such ugly apart-
ments. But at length he found out the method
of forming these vessels better, and of hardening
them too; for, finding a piece of one of them,
which had been in the fire accidentally baked as
hard as a stone, he took the hint, and building up
lighted embers round his pots, made them as solid
as he wished.


SOBINSON'S next concern was to pro-
cure the means of grinding or rather
bruising his corn, for it was neither
convenient nor wholesome to eat it
whole. To construct a mill to grind
it, was out of the question; though I dare say the
island had both wind and water. It was needful
to devise some more simple machine, and he could
think of nothing better than a pestle and mortar.
He spent many a day endeavouring to find a great
stone big enough to hollow out for the purpose,
but was unsuccessful; and probably if he had
obtained one, he could not have cut into it. At
last he procured a block of wood hard enough,
which he scooped out with fire and labour. It
was not very difficult to form a pestle, or beater,
with a heavy knob at the end of the same mate-
rial. There he is, pounding away and quite busy.
I am afraid, with all his labour, his flour was very

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coarse and husky, so that his bread and pud-
dings must have set him coughing sometimes.
What would not Robinson have given for a nice
little water-mill for grinding his corn? I dare
say he would gladly have given all the gold in his

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.,r oOR Robinson had a laborious time
of it when he turned carpenter; for
'though he had trees enough, it cost
him weeks of toil to cut one down;
S and then to make them into boards
without a saw was sad fatiguing work indeed.
He says he was forty-two whole days making one
long shelf for his cave; for he had to chop each
side flat with his axe, so that you see one tree
made but one board; but a sawyer would in half
a day have cut out twenty or more. But he had
a more important project in his head than making
a shelf, or even a house. What could it be-did
he wish to build a church, or a castle, or a tower ?
Try and think for him, and imagine what it was
he desired most of all, and at all times-yes, more
than all the comforts which a house replete with
every convenience could have supplied him in his
lonely island. Did he wish for books? No.

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For music? No, he had the music of the birds.
For horses and dogs to hunt? No, he had means
of catching all the wild animals on his island.
You may guess all day and you will not hit it.
You may chase after the idea as eagerly as the
falcon in this picture chases after the antelopes,
and you will not overtake it.


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