Front Cover
 Title Page
 Advemtures of Robinson Crusoe
 Back Cover

Group Title: Bysh's edition of the life of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner : who lived eight-and-twenty years in an uninhabited island
Title: Bysh's edition of the life of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072761/00001
 Material Information
Title: Bysh's edition of the life of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner who lived eight-and-twenty years in an uninhabited island
Alternate Title: Life of Robinson Crusoe, of York, mariner
Adventures of Robinson Crusoe
Physical Description: 35 p., 2 leaves of plates : col. ill. ; 15 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Bysh, John ( Publisher )
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Plummer and Brewis ( Printer )
Publisher: Printed for J. Bysh
Place of Publication: London (8 Cloth Fair West Smithfield)
Manufacturer: Plummer and Brewis
Publication Date: 183-
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1835   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1835   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
Citation/Reference: Lovett, R.W. Robinson Crusoe,
Citation/Reference: NUC pre-1956,
Statement of Responsibility: embellished with eight coloured engravings.
General Note: Caption title: Adventures of Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Date from citations given below. Printers, Plummer and Brewis listed at above address between 1810-1836. Cf. Todd, W.B. Directory of printers and others in allied trades, London and vicinity, 1800-1840.
General Note: Hand colored illustrations are shown two to a leaf. Lovett cites 2 unnumbered leaves; NUC copy has 6 engravings.
General Note: "Price sixpence."
General Note: Text ends on inside back cover (p. 35).
General Note: Publisher's advertisement on p. 4 of cover.
General Note: Part I of Robinson Crusoe, retold.
General Note: Library's copy imperfect: 2 (?) leaves of plates missing.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072761
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 27783760

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
        Page 1
    Title Page
        Page 2
    Advemtures of Robinson Crusoe
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 18a
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
    Back Cover
        Back Cover
Full Text


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Robinson Crsoe scspte rumn the Algermnes.

Bysh's Edition





Of orit,





EnIhelli.hed will. Eight Coloured ,ngravings.






I was born of a good family in the city of York,
where my father, who was a native of Bremen, had
settled, after having got a handsome estate by mer.
chandize. MY brain was early filled with rambling
thoughts, my father often persuaded me to settle to
some business, and my mother used the tenderest
entreaties, yet nothing could prevail upon me to lay
aside my desire ofgoing to sea, notwithstanding the
extreme uneasiness which my father and mother
always shewed at the thoughts of my leaving them.
I hardened myself against the prudent and kind
advise of my kind indulgent parents, and being one
day at Hull, I met with one of my companions, who
was going to sea in his father's ship, and he easily
persuaded me to go with him.
On the 1st of September, 1751, I went on board
the ship, which was bound for London, and without
letting my father know the rash and disobedient step
I had taken, set sail; but no sooner was the ship
out of the Humber, than the wind began to blow,
and the sea to rise in a most terrible manner. Hav-
ing never been at sea before, I was sick, and ay
mind was filled with terror.


The next day the wind abated, and the sea grew
calm; I was no longersea-sick, and my companion
laughed at my fears. The weather continued calm
for several days, and we at length came into Yar-
mouth road, v here we cast anchor to wait for a
wind. On the eighth day in the morning, the wind
I now began to see terror in the faces even of the
seamen themselves ; and as the master passed by
me, I could hear him say softly to himself, Lord
be merciful to us, we shall be lost." When I heard
this I was terribly frightened; such a dismal sight
I never saw before, the sea ran mountains high, and
broke upon us every three or four minutes.
I cannot express the horror of mind I was then
seized with. The storm still increased, and I saw
(what is but too seldom seen) the master, the boat-
swain, and several others atprayers, expectingevery
moment the ship would go to the bottom. The
storm however beginning to abate, the master fired
guns for help, and a light ship which had ridden it
outjust a-head of us, ventured a boat to help us. It
was with the utmost hazard that it came near us:
and our men casting a rope over the stern with a
buoy, they, after much labour and hazard, got hold
of it, and we hauled them close under the stern, and
got all into the boat. But we had hardly left the
ship a quarter of an hour, when we saw her founder.
As it was impossible for the boat to get up with
the ship to which she belonged, we endeavoured to
reach the shore, and partly by rowing, and partly
by being driven by the waves,we ,t last, with great
difficulty, got to land, and walked to Yarmouth


Had I now had the sense to return home, my
father would ha'e received me with tenderness: but
a weak and foolsli shame opposed all thoughts of
it; I was afraid of being laughed at among the
neighbours, and should be ashamed to see not only
my father, but every body else. I had, without
blhishing, committed an action which bore all the
marks of folly, but was ashamed of returning, though
that was the wisest step I could have taken. I re-
mained some time in doubt what course to take
but having money in my pocket. I travelled to Lon-
don by land.
On my arrival in that citv, the master of a ship
who had beenon the coast oi'Guinea, taking afancy
to me, told me, that if I would go the voyage
with him, I should he at no expense; anil, if I
would carry any thing with me, 1 should have the
advantage of trading for myself. Encouraged by
this offi r, by the assistance of some of my relations,
with whom still corresponded. I raised forty pounds,
which I laid out in such toys and trifles as he direct-
ed me to buy. During this voyage, my worth
friend instructed me in the mathematics, and the
rules of navigation; this voyage made me both a
sailor and a merchant; for I brought home five
pounds nine ounces of gold dust for my adventure,
which yielded me in London, at my return, almost
three hundred pounds sterling.
I was now set up for a Guinea trarer; hut my
,friend, to my great misfortune, dying soon alter his
I -riVl 1 resolved to go the same voyvae again, and
l left two hundred pounds in the hands of my
T.'. '... widow, I embarked in the same vessel.-

0 A U\ LN L It: iF

This was one of tie most unhappy voyages that ever
man made; for as we were steering between the
Canary Islands and the African shore, we were sur-
prised in the grei of the morning by a Moorish rover
of `alee, who zave chase to us with all the sail she
could make Wee uere obliged to submit, and were
all carried prisoners into Salee, a port belonging to
the Moors.
I was kept by the captain of the rover as his
own prize, and made Iis slave.
My master, hav in the long-boat of our Enzlish
ship, had a little state room, or cabin, built in the
middle of it, like a bare. In this pleasure-boat wx
frequently went out thing ; and one day be had
appointed to go out with two or three Moors of dis-
tinction, and had therefore seat over night a larger
store ofpro isions than usual; and ordered me to get
ready two or three fusees with powder and shot
which were on board his hip ; for that they design-
ed to have sport at fowling as well as fishing. But
in the morning he came on board, telling me that his
guests had declined going, and ordered me, with the
man and boy, to sail out with the boat, and catch
some fish, for his friends were to sup with him.
At this moment the hopes of my deliverancedart-
ed into my thoughts ;-every thing being prepared,
we sailed out of the port to fish; but purposely
catching none, I told Mulev that this would not do,
and that we must stand farther off, which he agree-
ing to, we set the sails. and I, having the helm, ran
the boat out near a league farther, and then brought
her to, as if I would lish; when giving the boy the
helm, I stept folwaids, aud stooping behind the


Moor, took him by surprise and tossed him into the
sea; lie arose immediately, for he swam like a cork,
and called to me to take him in but fetching out
one of the fowling pieces, I presented it at him,
and told him. that ii lie came near the boat, I would
shoot him, so he turned about, and swam towards
the land, and, as lie was an excellent swimmer, I
make no doubt but that he reached the shore with
When he was zonc. I turned to the boy, whom
thli called Xury, and said to him, Xury, if you
V ill be failhiful to me, I will make you a great man,
but if vou will not stroke your face to be true to me,
that is, to swear by Mlahomet and his father's
beard) 1 must throw you into the sea too." The
boy smiled in my face, and spoke so innocently, that
I could not mistrust him; he swore to be faithful to
me, and to go over all the world with me.
While I was in view of Mulev, I stood out to sea,
but it no sooner grew dark, than I changed my
course, and steered to the south. I made such sail,
that before the end of the next day, I believe, I was
beyond the Emperor of Morocco's dominions. Yet
so dreadful were my apprehensions of falling again
into my master's hands, that 1 would not stop to go
on shore, till I had sailed in this manner five days;
and then the wind shifting to the southward, I ven-
tured to come to an anchor at the mouth of a little
The principal thing I wanted was fresh water; but
though I was no less afraid of the savages than of
the wild beasts, our necessities obliged us to land,
for we had not a pint. The next morning Xury ask-


ed for one of the jars, and said he would go and
seek for water. I asked him why he would
go. The boy answered with so much affeec-
tion, that I could not help losing him--" If wild
man comes, they eat me. \ou oo away." Well,
Xury," said I, we will both so, and if the wild men
come. we t\i kill them: they ball eat neither of
us. I then gave Xur- a dram out of one of the case
bottle, and having lhulud the boat as near the
shore as ie thought prop r, e waded to land, carry-
ing nothing but our armn, and two jars for water.
The boy seeinz a lo place about a mile up the
country, rambld thither; and, by-and-by, I saw
him come running" towards me. when, thinking he
might be pursued bv some savages, or frightened
by some wild beast. I ran to meet linn; but when
I came nearer, I saw something g haring over his
shoulder, which was a creature lie had shot, like
hare, and we fond it very good meat; but the
great joy that por Xury came nith, was to tell me
that he had found good water, and seen no wild
rmans. We therefore tilled our jars, feasted on our
hare, and then set sail.
Sex eral times after, we were obhlied to go ashore
for fresh water; and once in particular, early in the
morning, Xurv called softly to me, and told me,
that we had best go farther ofl the shore;-" for,"
says he, "look, yonder lies a dreadful monster fast
asleep." I looked where lie pointed, and saw a
great lion that lay on the side of the shore, under
the shade of a piece of the hill that lung a little
over him; upon which, charginay my thrce guns, I
took aim at his head, but laming with his foot rais-
ed a little above his nose, the slug bike his leg.


He started up growling, but fell down again; and
gave the most hideous roar that ever I heard; but
firing again, and shooting him in the head, I had
the pleasure to see him drop. I resolved to take off
his skin, and going ashore, the boy and I accom-
plished it. Then spreading it on the top of our
cabin, the sun dried it in two day's time, and it
afterwards served me to lie upon.
About ten days after, as I was steering out to
sea, in order to double a cape, I had the view of
some islands, which I supposed to be those of Cape
Verd. I was afraid of venturing so far from the
shore, for if I should be taken with a fresh gale of
wind, I might never be able to reach again the one
or the other. In this dilemma I sat down in the
cabin: when on a sudden Xury cried out in a fright,
S"Master! Master! a ship,"foolishly imagining that
that it was his master's ship, come so far in pursuit
of us, I jumped out of the cabin, and saw that it
was a Portuguese vessel, and instantly stretched
out to sea with all the sail I could make; they
perceived me by the help of their glasses, and
shortened sail to let me come up. A Scots sailor
on board called to me, and I answered, that I had
made my escape from the Moors at Salee. They
very kindly took me in and all my goods.
We had a very good voyage to the Brazils, and
arrived at All Saints Bay in about twenty-two days.
The generous captain recommended me to an honest
man who had a plantation, with whom I lived till I
had learnt the manner ofplantingand making sugar,
after which I purchased a piece of land, and becaiqoi
a planter. I had lived there about four years, and


had contracted an acquaintance among several mer-
chants. I had frequently talked to them of the
method of purchasing negroes on the coast of Gui-
nea, and they being pleased with the project, easily
prevailed on me to make a voyage for that purpose.
We fitted out a ship of about one hundred and
twenty tons burthen, which carried six guns, and
fourteen men, besides the master, his boy, and
In this vessel I set sail. We had very good weather
for about twelve davs; but soon after we had cross-
ed the line, a Niolent hurricane drove us quite out
ol our reckoning, and for many days together not
any in the ship expected to save their lives. In this
distress one tf our men early in tile morning cried
out, Land !" and we had no sooner run out of the
ci in, in hopes of seeing where we were, but the
ship struct upon a shoal. It is not easy to conceive
our consternation; for as the rage of the sea was
great, we supposed that the ship would, in a few
minutes, break to pieces. We had a boat on board,
which the mate took hold of, and with the help of
the rest of the men flung her over the ship's side,
and getting all into her, committed ourselves to
God's mercy. We steered towards land, but after
we Lad rowed, or rather been driven, about a league
and a half, a wave, mountain high, came rolling a-
stern of us with such fury that it overset the boat
at once, and separated us one from another. This
wave carried me a vast way towards the shore, and
having spent itself, went back, and left me upon
the land almost dry, but half dead. I stood still a
few moments to recover breath, and then took to


my heels, and with all the strength I had left me
ran towards the shore. I got to the main land,
clambered up the clifts of the shore, and sat me
down upon the grass. Having rested myself, I
walked along the shore in search of fresh water;
having found some and quenched my thirst, I put
some tobacco in my mouth, to prevent hunger, and
having climbed a tree rested myself till morning.
I then found the sea calm, and the tide ebbed so
far out that I could come within a quarter of a mile
of the ship. The weather being extremely hot, I
pulled off my clothes and took to the water; when
I came to the ship, I observed a small piece of rope
hanging down, I got hold of it, and got into the
forecastle. To my great joy I saw that all the
ship's provisions were dry, and being well disposed
to eat, I went into the bread room, and slipped on
a waistcoat, filled my pockets with biscuit, and eat
as I went about other things. I also found some
rum in the great cabin, of which I took a dram.
As I found several spare yards, I let them down
with ropes by the ship's sides, and going down to
them, tied them together, and made a raft, placing
several pieces of plank upon them crossways, and
laid uponit all the pieces of board thatcame to hand.
I next emptied three of the seamen's chests ; then
lowered them down upon the raft, and filled them
with bread, some dried goat's flesh and three Dutch
cheeses. I found several cases of bottles, in which
were some cordial waters, and about five or six gal.
lons of arrack; these I stowed by themselves, there
being no room for them in the chests. I also let
down the carpenter's chest, which was worth moNe


to me than a ship load of gold. I next found two
good fowling-pieces, and two pistols, with some
powder-horns, two barrels of powder, and two old
rusty swords, all of which I placed on the raft, and
with this invaluable cargo resolved to put to sea.
MIy raft went very well, and with it I entered a
creek, where 1 thrust it on a flat piece of ground,
over which the tide flowed, and there fastened it by
sticking a broken oar into the ground. Thus I stay-
ed till the water ebbed, when I placed my cargo
safe on land. At night I barricadoed myself round
with the chests and boards I had brought on shore.
The next day I resolved to make a second voyage.
My raft being too unwieldy, I swam to the ship,
and made another, on which I placed two or three
bags of nails and spikes, some tools and fire-arms,
barrels of musket bullets, a large bag of small shot,
and all the men's clothes I could find, a square fore
topsail, a hammock, and some bedding; all which
I brought safe to land.
I now made a little hut with the sails, and some
poles, and intoit brought every thing I knew would
spoil either with the sun or rain ; I piled all the
empty chests and casks in a circle round the hut to
fortify it; I blocked up the door with boards; and
spreading one of the beds upon the ground, laying
my two pistols just at my head, and my gun by me,
I went to bed, and slept very quietly all night.
Every day at low water, I went on board, and
brought away something. I had been thirteen days
on shore, and had been eleven times on board the
ship. Indeed had the calm weather continued, I
believe I should have brought away the whole ship,


piece by piece: but preparing the twelfth time to
go on board, I found the wind began to rise ; how-
ever at low water I went; rummaging the cabin, I
discovered a locker with drawers in it, in one of which
I found two or three razors, and a pair of large
scissors, with ten or a dozen good knives and forks,
and in another about thirty-six pounds worth of
gold and silver coin. At the sight of this money
1 smiled to myself, and said aloud, 0 drug what
art thou good for ?" One of these knives is worth
all this heap; I have no manner of use for thee;
even remain where thou art, and go to the bottom.
However, upon second thoughts, I took it away,
and wrapping it all in a piece of canvas, began to
think of making another raft, but while I was pre-
paring it, the wind began to rise, and to blow off
shore; I then found it was time to be gone, least
I should not be able to reach the shore; accord-
ingly I let myself down into the water, and swam
to land.
It blew very hard all night; and in the morning
when I looked out, no more ship was to be seen.
I now went in search of a place where I might
tix my dwelling, endeavouring to choose one where
I might have the advantage ofa healthy situation,
fresh water, and security. I found a little plain on
the s:de of a rising hill, which was there as steep
as the side of a house, so that nothing could come
down to me from the top. On the one side of this
rock was a hollow place like the entrance of a
cave, before which I resolved to fix my tent This
plain was not above one hundred yards broad, and
twice as long, descending to the sea.

14 E l (*F

Before I set up my tent, I drew an half circle be.
ire tie hollow place, which extended twenty
yards, and in this half cirlev! pitched two rows of
stron stakes, driving then nto the ground like
pdes; sharp.en.d on the top. Then I took the
piece- of' cbie i had cut in tile ship, and laid them
in rw.s one up on another up to the top: and this
'nce w;as a t roie, that neither man nor beast
could enter it. The entrance I made by a short
ladder to -o o\ ur the top. which when I was in I
lifted after nw. Into this fence I by decrees
carnrd all mn riches, all m provisions, ammunition,
andi stres, and rimde me a large tent to secure my-
selft and themi from the weather. When I had done
this. I began to work my way into the rock, laying
all the earth and stones I dug out within my fence,
in the manner of a terrace: and thus I had a cave
just behind my but.
But before the above works were completed, a
sudden storm of thunder and lightning filled me
with the greatest terror; for my powder suddenly
darted into my mind, and my heart sunk within
me at the thought, that at one blast it might be
destroyed-on which not only my defence, but the
providing of my food entirely depended. No
sooner was the storm over, than I laid aside every
other work to make boxes and bags, in order to
separate my powder. I put them into holes up
and down the rocks, in such a manner, that one
parcel could not fire another.
While all this was doing, I walked out at least
once every day with my gun, as to see if I could
kill any thing fit for food, and to acquaint myself


with wlat the island produced. The first time I
went out I had the pleasure to find that there were
goats in the island; but they were so shy, that it
was the most difficult thing in the world to come
up with them; but observing that they did not
easily see objects above them, I killed them by
climbing the rocks, and shooting at those in the
valley. I found in the woods a sort of wild pigeon,
which built in holes of the rocks ; and taking some
young ones, I endeavoured to bring them up tame,
but when they grew old they flew away; however,
I frequently found their nests, and got their young
ones, which were very good meat.
After I had been about ten or twelve days on
shore, it came into my thoughts that I should lose
my reckoning of time, and should not be able to
distinguish the Sundays from the working days.
To prevent this, I set up a large square post en
the shore where I first landed, and cut upon it
with a knife, "I came on shore here the 30th of
September, 1652." Upon the sides I cut every
day a notch and every seventh was as long again
as the rest, and every first day of the month as
long again as that long one, and thus I kept my
weekly, monthly, and yearly reckoning.
1 got from the ship, some pens, ink, and paper;
some mathematical instruments, and three good
bibles, with several other books, which I carefully
secured. I also brought to shore with me two cats,
and a dog swam on shore, which was a trusty ser-
vant to me many years; nay he was so good a
companion that I was at a loss for nothing that he
could fetch me; and he only wanted power of
speech to become a most agreeable friend.


When my habitation was finished, I found it
far too small to contain my moveables; I had
hardly room to turn myself; so I set about en-
larginrg my cave, and worked sideways into the
rock farther than my outside pale, and hewing a
way through, made a back door to my store-house.
I then made me a table and chair, which were
great conveniences : shelved one side of my cave,
and knocked up pieces of wood in the rock, iu
hian; my things on. When my cave was set io
riglls, it looked like a general magazine of all
necessarV things.
\\hat a ditfirent situation was I now in, from
thlt 1 w\a in when I first landed,when I was altaid
of tershing with hunger, or of being devoured Iv
will leasts.-I filcquntls killed goats for my sub-
sistence, whose fat ;uippled mv lamp, which was
a dish made of clav baked in the sun; and for a
wick, I made use of oakum. In my rummaging
among the things, I found a little bag with some
husks of corn in it ; and wanting it, I shook it out
by the side of my fortification. This was just be-
fore some heavy rain; and about a month after-
wards, 1 saw some green stalks shooting out of the
ground; but how great was my astonishment,
when some time after I saw about ten or twelve
ears of barley! It was some time before I recol-
lected the bag with the husks; and I thought that
they could have been produced by nothing less
than a miracle. With this barley there came up
also a few stalks of rice: and these were worth
more to me than ti'ft times their weiglit in gold;
and I carefully preserved them for seed.


When I had been about a year in the island, I
was taken extremely ill, which frightened me
terribly, imagining I should die for want of proper
help. This fit of illness proved a violent ague,
which made me so weak, that I could hardly carry
my gun : and when the fit was on me, I was almost
perished with thirst. One night, as I was rumin-
ating on my sad condition, expecting the return of
my fit, it occurred to my thoughts, that the Brazil-
ians took no physic but tobacco; and 1 went,
directed by heaven no doubt, to search for some
in the chest; and there I found a bible I brought
both that and the tobacco to my table; I steeped
some of the last in rum ; some I burnt in a pan of
coals, holding my head over the fume ; and some
SI chewed. During the interval of this operation,
I opened my book; and the first words on which
I cast my eyes were-" Call upon me in the day
of trouble, and I will deliver thee." The words
struck me; but I could read no more, for the to-
bacco made me excessive sleepy. I therefore went
to bed, and falling into a sound sleep, I believe I
slept two days; and awoke perfectly recovered.
1 now took a survey of the island; and at about
two miles distance from my habitation, found some
fine savannahs, and a little further a variety of
fruit, melons upon the ground, and vines covered
with clusters of grapes. I proceeded with my dis-
coveries, and came to an opening that seemed to
descend to the west, where every thing was in such
constant verdure, that it looked like a beautiful
garden. I carried some grapes and a few limes
back with me; but the grapes were spoiled before

\ !\'x', I U !n : OF

I eot home. I went the next day and gathered a
large quantity of gr'pes and hung them upon th
out br inches of the trees, that they might cure and
dry in the sun; but as for the limes and melons, I
carried as man as I could well stand under.
I was so enamoured with this place, that I built
myse lf a shower, fi nced with a double hedge ; and,
this country house, as 1 called it, cost me two
molhs' labour; bur I hard y began to enjoy my
habitation, whlen the rains came on, and I was
obliged to rutr-xat to my old one, taking with me
my grapes, u\\ichx were now become fine raisins of
the sun.
I had been concerned for the loss of one of my
cats; but about this time slie came home, and en-
creased mv family, with three young kittens: shie *
hav ing bred, as I supposed, by a wild cat, of which
here re wer some In the woods, and they soon mul-
tiplied so fast that I was obhi;ed to drive them
from me.
The rainy and dry seasons now appeared quite
regular to me. 1 dhg a piece of ground as %iil
as I could, with a wooden spade of my own mak-
in,:, and began to sow mnv own rrain; but as I
v'\as doinxx it, it occurred to mv thoughts that I
v. would not sow all. for fear it should not grow, so
I reserved about a handful ofeach sort; and well it
was I did so; for it did not come up till many
monilis afterwards. When I saw it did not grow,
I sought for moister ground, and dug up a piece
nearer my bower, which answered to my wishes;
:':d my crop amounted to Ibnuit half a peck each
kmd: by this means I w as made master of my


Robinson Crusoe discovering the Fruit.

Abinson Cusoe alarmed at the mark bt the
Foot in the Land.

K(',l', N -1 N C i' 0 iV

business; knew cwhen to sow, and that I might
expect two seed times, and two harvests evclv
vY ar; for the corn I set irst came up after the nex-
wet season.
When the rains were over, I made a visit to my
lower where I found the stakes I set for mv
dfience were shot up into trees, which I pruned,
and made as much alike as possible ; and they
became a complete shade. This was my work in
the dry season; and to employ myself when I
could not go abroad, I made baskets, having, when
a child taken much delight to see a basket
In one of the dry seasons I took another ramble,
armed with my gun and hatchet, and guarded by
my faithful dog. When I had passed the valley in
i lich stood my bower. I came within view of the
sa ; and it being a clear day, I plamly discovered
land ; but whetherisland or continent, I could not
tell; I guessed it could not be less than twenty
leagues ofi. I imagined it was some savage coast,
and such indeed it proved. In this journey I
watched a parrot, lhai ng knocked it down witl a
stick, brought it home sxith me, and taught it to
speak. 1 found in the loier grounds hares; but
as they were not like what I had seen I was
am raid to eat them; and I had no need to make
experiments, as I had goats, pigeons, and turtle,
which added to my grapes, Leadenhall Market
could not have furnished a better table. Here
was also an infinite number of fowls; but I was
too sparing of my powder to shoot them. I
travelled about twelve miles eastward along th-


shore, and then setting up a great post for a
mark, returned homeward, designing that my next
tour should be the contrary way, till I came to
this post.
I took a different way home from that I went;
but unfortunately lost myself, and wandered
about very uncomfortably; till at last I was oblig-
ed to find out the sea side, to seek for my post,
being tired to death with the heat of the weather
and the weight of my arms.-- now rested myself
a week, employed in the weighty affair of making
a cage for my parrot, which sooi became one of
my tavourites.
My corn was now coming up; and the goats
and hares, having tasted the sweetness of the
blade, lay at it night and day, as soon as it sprang
out of the ground, so that it could get no time to
shoot into a stalk. To defend it, I surrounded it
with a hedge, and, in the mean while, shooting
some of the creatures by day, I set my dog to
watch it by night, which he did so faithfully, that
the enemies forsook the place, and the corn grew,
and began to ripen apace. When the corn was in
ear, I was nearly as much troubled by birds; but
having killed three, I used them as we do mur-
derers in England,--hanged them in chains, to
serve as a terror to the rest. Not a fowl after-
wards came near my corn, indeed, near the place,
as long as my scare crows hung there.
When the corn was ripe, I made me a scythe
with a sword, and cut off none but the ears,
which I rubbed out with my hands. At the end
of my harvest, I guessed I had a bushel of rice


and two bushel and a half of barley. I kept all
this for seed, and bore the want of bread with
patience as I had now a tolerable prospect of
having as much as I wanted.
This article of bread was a great difficulty; I
had neither plough nor harrow. For the first I
made my shovel do; and to supply the place of a
harrow, I went over it myself, dragging after me
the heavy bows of a tree: and when 1 came to
make bread, I had innumerable wants; I wanted
a mill to grind it, sieves to dress it, yeast and
malt to make it into bread, and an oven to bake
it. However I had six months to contrive all these
things in. In the mean time I enlarged my arable
land. I made me some mishapen pots of clay,
that all broke in the sun, except two, which I
cased in wicker-work; but I succeeded better i.
little pans, flat dishes, and pitchers, when the sun
baked surprising hard; but they would not bear
the fire so as to hold any liquid, and I wanted one
to boil my meat.
One day, after I had dressed my dinner, I went
to put out my fire, and found a piece of one of my
earthen vessels burnt as hard as a stone, and a,
red as a tile: this taught me to burn my pipkins;
and I soon wanted for no sort of earthen vessels.
When I found that I had made a pot that would
bear the fire, I set it on with a piece of kid, in
order to make me some broth, which answered
tolerably well.
I made me a wooden mortar and pestal, and
also a sieve out of some of the seamen's neck-
cloths, and at length made a sort of oven of a


broad shallow earthen vessel, and a tiled hearth.
Whqn I baked, I dre the live embers forwards
upon the hearth, till it was very hot; then sweep.
ing them away, I set down my loaves, whelming
the earthen pot over them, which baked my barley
bread as well as the best oven in the world.
My thoughts often ran upon the land I had
seen: and I began to make myself a canoe.
I felled a great cedar, but when the impossibility
of launching this heavy thing came into my mind,
I gave myself this foolish answer, Let me but
once make it, and I'll warrant I'll get it along
when it is done." But all my devices to get it in-
to the water failed me, and therefore I gave it
over, determining to enjoy what I had, without
repining for what I could not get.
My clothes now began to decay; so I made
myself two waistcoats out ot some watch coats,
which lasted me a great while. I made a cap out
of a goat's skin, with the hair side outwards to
throw off the rain, and also another waistcoat of
the same skin; but I must acknowledge that they
were wretchedly done. I made me too an um-
brella, which I could shut up, and take abroad
with me; and this secured me both from the heat
and the rain.
I now built me a small boat, intending to go
round my little kingdom, but in which I had near-
ly lost my life: almost dead with fatigue, I at
length arrived at my little castle. I got over the
fence, and laid me down to sleep in the shade;
but judge my surprise, when I waked, at a voice
calling me by the name several times, Robin,


Robin Crusoc, poor Robin Crusoe, where are you?
where have you been ?" I was so dead asleep at
first, that I thought I dreamt somebody spoke to
me: but as tie voice continued to repeat "Robin
Crusoe," I waked dreadfully frightened; but my
eyes were no sooner open, than I saw Pol sitting
on the hedge, and immediately knew that it was
ne that spoke to me. I immediately called him ;
and the poor sociable creature came as he used
to do, and saton my thumb, crying, Poor Robin
Crusoe," as if he had been overjoyed to see me
I began now to perceive my powder considerably
abated; dreading what should become of me when
I could kill no more goats, (for my kid did not
breed,) I set snares to catch some alive ; but my
snares were broken, and my bait devoured. At
length I resolved to try pit-falls; in one of which
I found three kids-a male and two females; these
kids I brought home. It was some time before
they would feed; but, however, they grew tame,
and I found that I might supply myself with goat's
flesh, when I had no powder or shot left. I in-
closed a piece of ground to keep my goats, propos-
ing, as my flock increased to add more ground to
my inclosure; and I had soon, not only goat's
flesh to feed upon, but milk too; for now I set up
a dairy, and made myself butter and cheese. It
would have made a Stoic smile, to see me and my
family sit down to dinner. There was my majesty,
all alone like a king, attended with my servants.
Poll, my favourite, was the only person permitted
to talk to me. My dog was grown very old, sat


always at my right hand, and my two cats, one on
the one side of the table, and the other on the other,
expecting now and then a bit from my hand, as a
mark of special favour.
I had at length a great mind to go to the point
of the island, to see how the shore lay, and resolv-
ed to travel thither by land. And now, reader, I
I will rive thee a short sketch of the figure I made.
I had a great high, shapeless cap, made of a goat's
skin, a jacket, with the skirts coming down to the
middle of my thighs; and a pair of open kneed
breeches of the same, with the goat's hair hanging
to the middle of my leg. Stockings and shoes I
had none ; but I had made a pair of somethings,
I scarcely know what to call them, to flap over my
legs like spatterda-hes, but of a most barbarous
shape; anl so indeed were all the rest of my
clothes. I had a broad belt of goat-skin dried;
and I hung on one side a saw, and on the other a
hatchet, I had another belt, not so broad, fastened
over my shoulder. Under my arm hung two
pouches, for my shot and powder. On my back I
carried a basket; on my shoulder a gun, and over
my head, a great, clumsy, umbrella. My beard
was cut short, except what grew on my upper lip,
which I had trimmed into a pair of large Maho-
metan whiskers. But as for my figure, I had so
few to observe me, that it was of no manner of
In this figure I went my new journey, and was
out five or six days. I was exceedingly surprised
with the print of a man's naked foot on the shore,
which was plainly to be seen on the sand. I lis-


tened, I could hear nothing, I went upon a rising
ground, to look farther, but I could see only that
one impression. There was plainly a foot, toes,
heel, and every part very distinct. I hurried home
to my fortifications, looking behind me every two
or three steps, and fancying every tree, bush, and
stump to be a man. I had no sleep that night,
but, my terror gradually wore off; however I
strengthened myfortification,and plantedanumbel
of stakes on the outside of my wall, which grow-
ing, became a thick grove. After having secured
my habitation in the strongest manner possible, I
sought for a place of security for my live goats;
and at length found a piece of ground, rendered
almost inaccessible by nature, so that it cost me
but little pains to make it so; and then I removed
the she-goats and two he-goats into it.
After I had thus secured one part of my live
stock, I went about the whole island, and rambled
more to the western point than I had ever done
before. I was presently convinced, that the seeing
the print of a man's foot was not such a strange
thing in the island as I had imagined, for on my ap-
proaching the shore I was perfectly confounded,
nor is it possible to express the horror I felt at
seeing the shore spread with skulls, hands, feet,
and other bones of human bodies: and particularly
a place, where, as I supposed, there had been a
fire made, and a circle dug in the earth for the
savage wretches to sit down to their inhuman
feasts. I turned away my face from the horrid
spectacle, and left the place as soon as possible.
Some time after, in the midst of a very stormy


night, I was started at the firing of a gun: I has-
tened up to the top of my hill: and heard another.
I imagined that these were signals of a ship in
distress ; and such it proved, as I discovered the
next day. I cannot explain the emotion I felt at
the sight of this wreck. 0 that there had been
but one saved !" cried I, that I might have had
one companion, one fellow creature to have spoken
to, and have comforted him in his affliction."
Under the power of this impression, nothing
would serve me, but I must go in my boat to the
wreck, which lay at a little distance. I furnished
myself with a stock of provisions, for fear of being
driven out to sea; and having begun my voyage,
I in two hours time reached the ship, which was
Spanish built.-She stuck fast jammed in between
two rocks, and the stern and the quarter were
beaten to pieces by the sea. On coming near it,
a dog yelped and cried ; but there was no other
living creature on board; and all the goods were
spoiled by the water. I, however, took two of the
seamen's chests into my boat, without knowing
what was in them.
When I had got my treasure home, and began
to unload, I found several bottles filled with cor-
dial waters, and some neckcloths and shirts, which
were very useful to me; about 1,100 pieces of
eight, and about a pound weight of solid gold,-
but of what use was this to me? I would have
given it all for three or four pairs of shoes and
After this acquisition, I ived in my old manner,
though terrified with fears of the savages. One


morning very early, I saw five canoes of them on
shore. I clambered up my hill, and by the help
of my perspective, discovered no less than thirty
dancing round a fire. I soon after saw two mi-
serable wretches dragged out of the boats ; one of
whom was immediately knocked down, but the
other, starting from them, ran with incredible
swiftness along the sands towards me. I confess
1 was horridly frightened, when I saw him come
my way, imagining lie would be pursued by the
whole body; however, I kept my station, and
quite lost my apprehensions when I found but
three followed him. He greatly outran them, and
was in a fair way of escaping them all, when com-
ing to a creek, he plunged into it, landed, and
ran on as swift as before. Of the three that follow-
ed, but two entered the water, the other returning
back. I hastily fetched my guns from the foot of
the ladder; and having a short cut down the hill,
I clapped myself in the way between the pursuers
and the pursued, hollowing aloud to him that fled,
and beckoning my hand for him to stop; then
rushing at once upon the foremost, knocked him
down with the stock of my piece. The other
stopped, as if frightened, but when I advanced
towards him, I perceived he was fitting his bow to
to shoot me; upon which I shot him dead direct-
ly. The poor savage who had fled was so terrified
at the noise of my piece, though he saw his enemy
fallen, that he stood stock still, but seemed rather
inclined to flv than to come towards me. How-
ever, when I gave him signs of encouragement, he
came nearer, kneeling down every ten or twelve
c 2


steps; on his coming close again, he laid his head
upon the ground, an' placed my foot upon it.
But there was more work to do; the man I had
knocked down camp to him, and my savage began
to be afraid. I then presented the piece to tht
man, when the poor fellow, whose life I had saved,
made a motion for my sword, which I gave him;
and he struck off his enemy's head at one blow,
and in a quarter of an hour buried both the bodies
in the sand. I then took him away to a cave at
the further part of the island. Here I gave him
bread and a bunch of raisins to eat, and a draught
of water, which he wanted much; and having re-
freshed him, I made signs for him to lie down up-
on some rice-straw, which the poor creature did
and soon went to sleep.
He was a well-made, handsome fellow, of about
twenty-six years of age, of an olave-coloured com-
plexion, with long black hair. He had a small
nose, that was not flat; and fine teeth, as white
as ivory. After he had slept about an hour, he
awaked again, and came running to me in the
enclosure, just by where I had been milking my
t-oats; then falling down again, he laid his head
flat upon the ground, and set my foot upon it, as
before; and after this, made all possible signs of
thankfulness, subjection, and submission. I be-
gan to speak to him, and to teach him to spear to
me; and first, I made him know that his name
should be Friday, which was the day on which I
saved his life. I taught him to say Master, and
let him know that was to be my name. The next
day I gave him clothes, at nhich lie seemed pleas-


ed. As we went by the place where he had buried
the two men, he pointed exactly to the spot,
making signs that the would dig them up again,
and eat them: at which I appeared very angry,
and beckoned with my hands to him to come
away, which he did immediately.
Having now more courage, and consequently
more curiosity, I took my man Friday with me,
giving him the sword in his hand, with the bows
and arrows at his back, which I found he could
-se very dexterously. I also gave him a gun to
carry; and taking two for myself, away we march-
ed to the place where his enemies had been : when
I came there, my blood ran cold in my veins; the
place was covered with human bones, and the
ground dyed with blood; great pieces of flesh
were left here and there, half eaten, mangled, and
scorched, I saw three sculls, five hands, and the
bones of three or four legs and feet: and Friday',
by his signs, made me understand that they
brought over four prisoners to feast upon; tha:
three of them were eaten up, and he, pointing
to himself, was the fourth; and that they had
been conquered, and taken prisoners in war.
I caused Friday to collect the remains of this
horrid carnage; then to light a fire, and burn them
to ashes. \\hen this was done, we returned to
our castle. The next day I made a little tent
outside of my fortification, and at night took in
my ladder, that he might not be able to get at me
while I slept. But there was no need of this pre-
caution ; for never man had a more faithful ser-
vant,-he bad the same affection for me as a child


has for his father ; and I dare say, he would have
sacrifced his life to save mine. I was greatly) de-
lighted with him, and made it my business to
teach him every thing proper to render him useful;
especially to speak, and understand me when I
spoke ; and lie was so merry, so diligent, and so
pleased when lie could understand me, or make
me understand him, that le was very agreeable
After I had been two or three davs returned to
my castle, 1 was desirous to bring. him off from
the relish of human flesh ; so I took hlii out with
me one morning to the woods, in order to take a
kid from my herd; but as I was going, 1
saw a ihe-goat lying do wn in the shade, and two
young kids sitting by her ; when making signs to
Friday not to stir, I shot one of the kids. Poor
Friday, who had at a distance seen me kill the
savage his enemy, but did not see how it was
done, trembled, and look so amazed, that I thought
he would have sunk down: he did not see the
kid I had shot, but ripped up his waistcoat to feel
if lie was not wounded, and thought I was resolv-
ed to kill him ; for he came and kneeled down to
me, and embracing my knees, seemed to entreat
me not to kill him. But taking him by the hand,
I laughed at him, and pointed to the kid 1 had
killed, beckoned to him to run and fetch it, which
he did.
The next day I set him to beat out some corn,
and sift it, and in a little time Friday was able to
do all the work for me, as well as I cold do it
myself. In short, this was the pleasantest year I


had led in the island; for as my man began to talk
pretty well, I had some use for my tongue again.
From this time I had a mind to venture over,
and see if I could possibly join these bearded men,
not doubting but we might find some means of
escaping from thence.
I was now entering into the 27th year of my
captivity, and intended soon to set sail; when one
morning I bid Friday go to the sea-shore to see if
be could.find a turtle; but lie had not long been
gone, when he came running back, and cried, O
niaster! 0 sorrow 0 bad!"-" What's the mat-
ter Friday?" said I. 0 yonder there," said lie,
"one, two, three! canoe! one, two, three!"-
" Well, Friday," said I, do not be frightened."
I then took my perspective glass, and went up
the side of the hill, when I saw twenty-one
savages, three prisoners, and three canoes. I bid
him see what they were doing: he did so, and
told me that they were all about the fire, eating
the flesh of one of' their prisoners; and that a
bearded man lay bound upon the sand, whom he
said they would kill next.
1 had not a moment to lose, for two had stoop-
ed down to untie the Christian, in order to murder
him. Now," said 1, Friday, do as you see me
do." I laid the muskets down, and took one;
and then we both fired. Three were killed, and
five wounded. The rest jumped up immediately
on their feet; but knew not where to run.
I resolved to pursue them, and ran to the canoe,
calling to Friday to follow me; but 1 was no
sooner in the canoe, than I found another poor


creature lie there alive, bound hand and foot. I im-
mediateiv cut the twisted flags; and seeing that
he had been bound so tight that he was almost
dead, I gave him a dram, and ordered Friday to
tell him of his deliverance; but when the poor
fellow looked in his face, and heard him speak,
it would have moved any one to tears to have
seen how he kissed, embraced, hugged him, danc-
ed, sunS. and then cried again. It was some time
time before I could make him tell me what was
the matter ; but when lie came to himself, he said,
he was his own dear father. He then sat down
by him, held the old man's head close to his bo-
som, and chafed his arms and angles, which were
stiff with binding.
The Spaniard, having expressed to me the ut-
most gratitude for his deliverance, gave me an
account of the shipwreck, and the situation of his
companions, and it was resolved that Friday's
father and the Spaniard should go in the boat to
fetch them over.
About eight daxs after they were gone, Friday
wakened me one morning, by crying out, Master,
they are come!" I dressed! I dressed and has-
tened to the top of the hill, and plainly discovered
an English ship lying at anchor.
They ran the boat ashore on the beach, and
eleven men landed, three of them unarmed, who,
by their gestures seemed to be prisoners : and one
of them I could perceive using the most passionate
gestures of entreaty, affliction, and despair, while
thie two others, though their grief seemed less ex-
travagant, appeared pleading for mercy. At this


instant I saw a villain lift up his arm to kill one of
the prisoners ; but he did not strike him. The
men having left the prisoners and gone into the
woods,-I went up to them with my man Friday,
and said to them in Spanish, "who are you, gen-
tlemen ?" They started at the noise; but pre-
pared to fly. I then said, in English, Gentlemen,
perhaps you may have a friend near you whom
you little expect. Tell me your case." "I was
commander of that ship," replied one of the pri-
soners; my men have mutinied against me, and
if they do not murder me, they intend to leave me
and these two gentlemen ashore in this desolate
place; they are but in that thicket, and 1 tremble
for fear they have seen you." Having concerted
matters with the captain, and armed ourselves, we
went to the sailors, and the captain reserving his
own piece, the two men shot one of the villains
dead, and wounded another. He who was wound-
ed cried out for help, and I coming up, gave orders
for sparing their lives, on condition of their being
bound hands and feet while they stayed in the
A little time after another boat came. We
formed an ambuscade, but one of the principal
ring-leaders in the mutiny, with two of the crew
coming towards us, the captain was so eager that
he let fly, killed two on the spot, the third ran for
it. I immediately advanced with my whole army,
upon which Will Atkins, one of the ring-leaders,
called out, For God's sake, captain, spare my
nfe." The captain told him he must lay down
his arms at discretion, and trust to the gover-


nor's mercy, upon which they all submitted. And
with their assistance we seized the ship.
When I saw my deliverance thus put into my
hands, I was ready to sink with surprise; I was
not able to answer one word, but a flood of tears
brought me to myself, and a little while after I re-
covered amy speech. I then in my turn embraced
him as my deliverer, and we rejoiced together.
Having brought the prisoners before me. I asked
them what they had to say in their own defence, tel-
ling them I had power to execute them there.
They pleaded the captain's promise of mercy. I
then told them that I intended to go passenger in
the ship, with all my men; but that they, if they
went, could only go as prisoners; observing, how-
ever, that they might, if they chose it, stay in the
island. This they gladly accepted, and I prepared
to go on board the next day. The captain return-
ing to the ship, got every thing ready for my recep-
When he was gone, I talked to the men, told
them my story, and how I managed all my house-
hold business; left a letter for fifteen Spaniards,
and made them promise to treat them in com-
mon with themselves. The next day I went on
board the ship, taking Friday with me: thus I
left the island after being on it twenty-eight
years, and arrived safely in England. Some
time after I went to Lisbon, to look after my
effects in the Brazils, and found the generous
captain, who had been so much my friend, still
alive, and he put me in the way of recovering
the produce of my plantations. And a few


months after there arrived ships in the Tagus,
with effects for my use, to the amount of fifty
thousand pounds, besides one thousand a year
which I expected to receive annually from my


luInmmer and Brewis. Printers, Love Lane, Eaatchetp

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