Title Page
 Robinson Crusoe

Group Title: Robinson Crusoe
Title: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072757/00002
 Material Information
Title: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe
Uniform Title: Robinson Crusoe
Physical Description: 2 v. : ill. ; 13 x 7 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Andrus, Silas, 1879?-1861 ( Publisher )
Butterworth, A. H ( Engraver )
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Publisher: Silas Andrus
Place of Publication: Hartford Conn
Publication Date: 1826
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1826   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Connecticut -- Hartford
Citation/Reference: Brigham, C.S. Robinson Crusoe,
Citation/Reference: NUC pre-1956
Statement of Responsibility: by Daniel Defoe.
General Note: Spine title: Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Author statement and date from v.2, second edition (plain) t.p. Vol. 1 did not have a plain t.p. Cf. Brigham, C.S. Bibliography of the American editions of Robinson Crusoe to 1830.
General Note: Title pages engraved by A.H. Butterworth.
General Note: Probably same as Lovett, R. W. Robinson Crusoe, 278 although Lovett does not describe front. or plain t.p. in v. 2.
General Note: Parts I and II of Robinson Crusoe. Part II originally published under title: Farther adventures of Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: Blind tooled ornamentation on calf covers with gilt borders.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00072757
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 04447205

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Full Text

I; I


//'44;i 1)
I~ '

i lr'Tlshj









THAT homely proverb used on so many occasionis in
England, viz. That what is bred in the bone will
not go out of the flesh," was nevermore verified than
in the story of my Life. Any one would think, that
after thirty-five years affliction, and a variety of un-
happy circumstances, which few men, if any, ever,
went through before, and after near seven years of
peace and enjoyment in the fulness of all things:
grown old, and when, if ever, it might be allowed me
to have had experience of every state of middle life,
and to know which was most adapted to make a man
completely happy; I say, after all this, any one would
have thought that the native propensity to rambling,
which I gave an account of in my first setting out into
the world to have been so predominant in my thought,
should be worn out, the volatile part be fully evacu-
ated, or at least condensed, and I might at sixty-one
years of age have been a little inclined to stay at home,
and have done venturing life and fortune any more.
Nay farther, the common motive of foreign adven-
tures was taken away in me; for I had no fortune to
make, I had nothing, to seek : if I had gained ten
thousand pounds, I had been no richer; for I had
already sufficient for me, and for those I had to leave
it to, and that I had was visibly increasing; for hav-
ing no great family, I could not spend the income of
what I had, unless I would set up for an expensive
way of living, such as a great family, servants, equi-
page, gaiety, and the like, which were things Ihad no
notion of, or inclination to; so that I had nothing in-
deed to do, but to sit still, and fully enjoy what I had
got, and see it increase daily u)qn mn hands.

Yet all these things had no effect upon me, or at
least not enough to resist the strong inclination I had
to go abroad again, which hung about me like a chro-
nical distemper; particularly the desire of seeing my
new plantation in the island, and the colony I left
there, run in my head continually. I dreamed of it
all night, and my imagination run upon it all day; it
was uppermost in all my thoughts, and my fancy
worked so steadily and strongly upon it, that I talked
of it in my sleep: in short, nothing could remove i
out of my mind ; it even broke so violently into ail
my discourses, that it made my conversation tiresome
for I could talk of nothing else, all my discourse run
into it, even to impertinence, and I saw it myself.
I have often heard persons of good judgment say,
that all the stir people make in the world about ghosts
and apparitions, is owing to the strength of imagina-
tion, and the powerful operation of fancy in their
minds; that there is no such thing as a spirit appear-
ing, or a ghost walking, and the like ; that people's
poring affectionately upon the past conversation of
their deceased friends so realizing it to them, that they
are capable of fancying upon some extraordinary cir-
cumstances that they see them, talk to them, and are
answered by them, when, in truth, there is nothing
but shadow and vapour in the thing; and they really
know nothing of the matter.
For my part. I know not to this hour whether there
are any such things as real apparitions, spectres, or
walking of people after they are dead, or whether
there is any thing of the stories they tell us of that
kind, more than the product of vapours, sick minds,
and wandering fancies. But this I know, that my
imagination worked up to such a height, and brougLt
me into such excess of vapours, or what else I may
call it, that I actually supposed myself oftentimes
upon the spot, at my old castle behind the trees, saw
my old Spaniard, Friday's father, and the reprobate
sailors whom I left upon the island; nay, I fancied I
talked with them, and looked at them so steadily,

though I was broad awake, as at persons just before
me; and this I did till I often frightened myself with
the images my fancy represented to me: one time in
my sleep I had the villany ot the three pirate sailors so
lively related to me, by the first Spaniard and Friday's
father, that it was surprising; they told me how they
barbarously attempted to murder all the Spaniards,
and that they set fire to the provisions they had laid
up, on purpose to distress and starve them; things that
1 had never heard of, and that were yet all of them
true in fact; but it was so warm in my imagination,
and so realized to me, that to the hour I saw them, I
could not be persuaded but that it was or would be
true; also how I resented it when the Spaniard com-
plained to me, and how I brought them to justice,
tried them before me, and ordered them all three to be
hanged. What there was really in this, shall be seen
in its place; for however I came to form such things
in my dream, and what secret converse of spirits in.
jected it, yet there was, I say, very much of it true.
I own that this dream had nothing literally and speci-
fically true; but the general part was so true, the base
and villanous behaviour of these three hardened
rogues was such, and had been so much worse than all
I can describe, that the dream had too much simili-
tude of the fact; and as I would afterwards have
punished them severely, so if I had hanged them all,
Ihad been much in the right, and should have been
justifiable both by the laws of God and man.
But to return to my story.-In this kind of temper
I had lived some years, I had no enjoyment of my
life, no pleasant hours, no agreeable diversion, but
what had something or other of this in it; so that my
wife, who saw my nind so wholly bent upon it, told
me very seriously one night, that she believed there
was some secret powerful impulse of Providence
upon me, which had determined me to go thither
again; and that she found nothing hindered mygoing,
but my being engaged to a wife and children. 'She
told me, that it was true she could not think of part-

ing with me; but as she was assured, that if she was
dead it would be the first thing I would do; so, as it
seemed to her that the thing was determined above,
she would not be the only obstruction; for if I thought
fit and resolved to go- Here she found me very in-
tent upon her words, and that I looked very earnestly
at her; so that it a little disordered her, and she stop-
ped. I asked her why she did not go on, and say out
what she was going to say? ButI perceived her heart
was too full, and some tears stood in her eyes; Speak
out, my dear," said I; are you willing I should go?"
" No," says she, very affectionately, "I am far from
willing: but if you are resolved to go," says she,
"and rather than I will be the only hindrance, I will
go with you; for though I think it a preposterous thing
for one of your years, and in your condition, yet if it
must be," said she again, weeping, "I won't leave
you; for if it be of Heaven, you must do it; there is
no resisting it; and if Heaven makes it your duty to
go, he will also make it mine to go with you, or
otherwise dispose of me, that I may not obstruct it."
This affectionate behaviour of my wife brought me
a little out of the vapours, and I began to consider
what I was doing; I corrected my wandering fancy,
and began to argue with myself sedately, what busi-
ness I had, after threescore years, and after such a life
of tedious suffering and disasters, and: closed in so
happy and easy a manner, I say, what business had I
to rush into new hazards, and put myself upon adven-
tures, fit only for youth and poverty to run into?
With those thoughts, I considered my new engage-
ment; that I had a wife, one child born, and my wife
then great with child of another; that 1 had all the
world could give me, and had no need to seek hazards
for gain; that I was declining in years, and ought to
think rather of leaving what I had gained, than of
seeking to increase it; that as to what my wife had
said, of its being an impulse from Heaven, and that it
should be my duty to go, I had no notion of that; so
after many of these cogitations, I struggled with the

power of my imagination, reasoned myself out of it,
as I believe people may always do in like cases,
if they will; and, in a \ r.,j, I conquered it; com-
posed myself with such arguments as occurred to my
thoughts, and which my present condition furnished
me plentifully with; and particularly, as the most
effectual method, I resolved to divert myself with
other things, and to engage in somebusiness thatmight
effectually tie me up from any more excursions of this
kind; for I found the thing return upon me chiefly
when I was idle, had nothing to do, or any thing of
moment immediately before me.
To this purpose I bought a little farm in the county
of Bedford, and resolved to remove myself thither. I
had a little convenient house upon it. and the land
about it I found was capable of great improvement,
and that it was many ways suited to my inclination,
which delighted in cultivating, managing, planting,
and improving of land; and particularly, being an
inland country, I was removed from conversing
among ships, sailors, and things relating to the remote
part of the world.
In a word, I went down to my farm, settled my
family, bought me ploughs, harrows, a cart, waggon,
horses, cows, sheep; and setting seriously to work,
became in one half year a mere country gentleman;
my thoughts were entirely taken up in managing my
servants, cultivating the ground, enclosing, planting,
&e.; and I lived, as I thought, the most agreeable life
that nature was capable of directing, or that a man
always bred to misfortunes was capable of being re-
treated to.
I farmed upon my own land, I had no rent to pay,
was limited by no articles; I could pull up or cut
down as I pleased; what I planted was for myself,
and what I improved, was for my family; and having
thus left off the thoughts of wandering, I had not the
least discomfort in any part of my life, as to this
world. Now I thought indeed, that I enjoyed the
middle state of life which my father so earnestly re.

commended, to me, a kind of heavenly life, something
like what is described tv il poet upon the subject of
a country life: I
Free from vices, free from care,
Age has no pains, and youth no snare.
But in the middle of all this felicity, one blow from
unforeseen Providence unhinged me at once; and no
only made breach upon me, inevitably and incurable.
but drove me, by its consequence, upon a deep relaps
into the wandering disposition, which, as I may say
being born in my very blood, soon recovered its hold
of me, and, like the returns of a violent distemper,
came on with an irresistible force upon me; so that
I..i.-in, ..-.,i.. I.ake any more impression upon me.
'I1..- i..i i r il. loss of my wife.
It is not my business here to write an elegy upon
my wife, to'give a character of her particular virtues,
and make my court to the sex by the flattery of a
funeral sermon. She was, in a few words, the stay of
all my affairs, the centre of all my enterprises, the en-
gine that by her prudence reduced me to that happy
compass I was in, from the most extravagant and
ruinous project that fluttered in my head as above;
and did more to guide my rambling genuis, than a
mother's tears, a father's instructions, a friend's coun-
sel, or all my own reasoning powers could do. 1 was
happy in listening to her tears, and in being moved
by her entreaties, and to the last degree desolate and
dislocated in the world by the loss of her.
When she was gone the world looked awkwardly
round me, I was as much a stranger in it in my
thoughts as I was in the Brasils when I went first on
shore there; and as much alone, except as to the assist-
ance of servants, as I was in my island.' I knew nei-
ther what to do, or what not to do; I saw the world
busy round me, one part labouring for bread, and the
other part squandering in vile excess or empty plea-
sures equally miserable, because the end they propos-
ed still fled from them; for the men of pleasure every
day surfeited of their vice, and heaped up work for

sorrow and repentance, and the men of labour spent
their strength in daily struggling for bread to main-
tain the vital strength they laboured with; so living in
a daily circulation of sorrow, living but to work, and
working but to live, as if daily bread were the only
eAd of a wearisome life, and a wearisome life the only
occasion of daily bread.
This put me in mind of the life I lived in my king-
dom the island, where I suffered no more corn to
grow, because I did not want it; and bred no more
goats, because I had no more use for them; where the
money lay in the drawer till itgrew mildewed, and had
scarce the favour to be looked upon in twenty years.
All these things, had I improved them as I ought to
have done, and as reason and religion had dictated to
me, would have taught me to search farther than hu-
man enjoyments for a full felicity, and that there'was
something which certainly was the reason and end of
life,superior to all these things, and which was either to
.. -,,... ,. ::.:. ..., i .. .. ,' i-.,, : ; i,, 'ra i .

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which before entirely possessed me, were nothing to
me, had no relish, and were like music to one that
has no ear, or food to one that has no taste: in a
word, I resolved to leave off housekeeping, let my
farm and return to London; and in a few months
after I did so.
When I came to London I was still as uneasy as
before; I had no relish to the place, no employment
in it, nothing to do but to saunter about like an idle
person, of whom it may be said, he is perfectly useless
in God's creation, and it is not one farthing matter to
the rest of his kind whether he be dead or alive. This
also was the thing which of all circumstances of life
vol. ni. A 2

was the most my aversion, who had been all my days
used to an active life; and I would often say to myself,
" A state of idleness is the very dregs of life ;" and
indeed I thought I was much more suitably employed
when I Was twenty-six days making a deal board.
It was now the beginning of the year 1693, when
my nephew, whom, as I have observed before, I had
brought up to the sea, and had made him commander
of a ship, was come home from a short voyage to
Bilboa, being the first he had made; he came to me,
and told me that some merchants of hisacquaintance
had been proposing to him to go a voyage for them to
the East Indies and to China, as private traders ;
" And now, uncle," says he, if you will go to sea
with me, I'll engage to land you upon your old habi-
tation in the island, for we are to touch at theBrasils."
Nothing can be a greater demonstration of a future
state, and of the existence of an invisible world, than
the concurrence of second causes with the ideas of
things which we form in our minds, perfectly reserv-
ed, and not communicated to any in the world.
My nephew knew nothing how far my distemper of
wandering was returned upon me, and I knew nothing
of what he had in his thoughts to say, when that very
morning, before he came to me, I had, in a great deal
of confusion of thought, and revolving every part of
my circumstances in my mind,come to this resolution,
viz. that I would go to Lisbon and consult with my
old sea-captain ; and so, if it was rational and practi-
cable, I would go and see the island again, and see
what was become of my people there. I had pleased
myself also with the thoughts of .... i.I.: the place,
tnd carrying inhabitants from hence, getting a patent
for the possession, and I know not what; when in the
middle of all this, in comes my nephew, as I have
said, with his project of carrying me thither, in his
way to the East Indies.
I paused awhile at his words, and 1..-1 ,.: i-i .!
at him, What devil," said I, sent you of this un-
lulky errand ?" My nephew startled, as if he had been

frighted at first; but perceiving I was not much dis-
pleased with the proposal, he recovered himself. I
hope it may not be an unlucky proposal, Sir," sayshe;
"I dare say you would be pleased to see your new co-
lony there, where you once reigned with more felicity
than most of your brother-monarchs in the world."
In a word, the scheme hit so exactly with my tem-
per, that is to say, with the prepossession I was under,
and of which I have said so much, that I told him, in
a few words, if he agreed with the merchants I would
go with him : but I told him I would not promise to
go any farther than my own island. "Why, sir,"
says he, "you don't want to be left there again, 1
hope ?"-" Why," said I, can you not take me up
again in your return ?" He told me, it could not be
possible that the merchants would allow him to cotie
that way with a loaden ship of such value, it being
a month's sail out of his way, and mightbe three or
four: "Besides, Sir, if I should miscarry," said he,
" and not return at all, then you would be just reduced
to the condition you were in before."
This was very rational; but we both found out a
remedy for it, which was to carry a framed sloop on
board the ship, which being taken in pieces and ship-
ped on board the ship, might, by the help of some,
carpenters, whom we agreed to carry with us, be set
up again in the island, and finished fit to go to sea in
a few days.
I was not long resolving; for indeed the import
nities of my nephew joined in so effectually with my
inclination, that nothing could oppose me : on the
other hand, my wife being dead, I had nobody con-
cerned themselves so much for me, as to persuade me
one way or other, except my ancient good friend the
widow, who earnestly struggled with me to consider
my years, my easy circumstances, and the needless
hazard of a long voyage; and, above all, my young
children : but it was to no purpose ; I had an irre-
sistible desire to the voyage; and I told her I thought
there was something so uncommon in the impressions

I had upon my mind for the voyage, that it would be
a kind of resisting Providence, if I should attempt to
stay at home; after which she ceased her expostula-
tions, and joined with me, not only in making pro-,
vision for my voyage, but also in settling my family
affairs in my absence, and providing for the education
of my children.
In order to this I made my will, and settled the
estate I had in such a manner for my children, and
placed in such hands, that I was perfectly easy and
satisfied they would'have justice done them, whatever
'might befal me; and for their education, I left it
wholly to my widow, with a sufficient maintenance to
herself for her care : all which she richly deserved;
for no mother could have taken more care in their
education, or understood it better ; and as she lived
till I came home, I also lived to thank her for it.
My nephew was ready to sail about-the beginning
of January 1694-5, and I with my man Friday went
on board in the Downs the 8th, having, besides that
sloop which I mentioned above, a very considerable
cargo of all kinds of necessary things for my colony,
which if I did not find in good condition, I resolved
to leave so.
First, I carried with me some servants, whom I
purposed to place there as inhabitants, or at least to
set on work there upon my own account while I
stayed, and either to leave them there, or carry them
forward as they should appear willing; particularly,
I carried two carpenters, a smith, and a very handy,
ingenious fellow, who was a cooper by trade, but was
also a general mechanic ; for he was dexterous at
making wheels, and hand-mills to grind corn, was a
good turner, and a good potmaker; he also made any
thing that was proper to make of earth, or of wood;
in a word, we called' him our Jack of all Trades.
With these I carried a tailor, who had offered him-
self to go passenger to the East Indies with my ne-
phew, but afterwards consented to stay on our new
plantation, and proved a most necessary handy fellow

as could be desired, in many other businesses besides
that of this trade ; for as I observed formerly, neces
sity arms us for all employment.
My cargo, as near as I can recollect, for I have not
kept an account of the particulars, consisted of a suffi-
cient quantity of linen, and some thin English stuffs
for clothing the Spaniards that I expected to find there,
and enough of them as by my calculation mightcom-
fortably supply them for seven years : if I remember
right, the materials which I carried for clothing them,
with gloves, hats, shoes, stockings, and all such things
as they could want for wearing, amounted to above
two hundred pounds, including some beds, bedding,
and household-stuff, particularly kitchen utensils,with
pots, kettles, pewter, brass, &c. besides near, a huni-
dred pounds more in iorn-work, nails, tools of every
kind, staples, hooks, hinges, and every necessary
things I could think of.
I carried also a hundred spare arms, muskets, and
fizees, besides some pistols, a considerable quantity
of shot of all sizes, three or four tons of lead, and two
pieces of brass cannon ; and because I knew not what
time and what extremities I was providing for, I car-
ried an hundred barrels of powder,, besides swords,
cutlasses,and the iron part ofsome pikes and halberts;
so that, in short, we had a large magazine of all sorts
of stores; and I made my nephew carry two small
quarter-deck guns more than he wanted for his ship,
to leave behind if there was occasion; that when they
came there we might build a fort, and man it against
all sorts of enemies: and indeed I at first thought
there would be need enough of it all, and much more,
if we hoped to maintain our possession of the island,
as shall be seen in the course of the story.
I had not such bad luck in this voyage as I had
been used to meet with; and therefore shall have the
less occasion to interrupt thereader, who perhapsmay
be impatient to hear how matters went with my co-
lony; yet some odd accidents, cross winds, and bad
weather happened on this first setting out,which made

the voyage longer than I expected it at first; and I,
who had never made but one voyage, viz. my first
voyage to Guinea, in which I might be said to. come
,back again as the voyage was at first designed, began
to think the same ill fate still attended me; and that I
was born to be never contented with being on shore,
and yet to be always unfortunate at sea.
Contrary winds first put us to the northward, and
we were obliged to put in at Galway, in Ireland,
where we lay wind bound two-and-thirty days; but
we had this satisfaction with the disaster, that provi.
sions were here exceeding cheap, and in the utmost
plenty; so that while we lay here we never touched
the ship's stores, but rather added to them: here also
I took several hogs, and two cows with their calves,
which I resolved, if I had a good passage, to put on
shore in my island; but we found occasion to dispose
otherwise of them.
We set out the 5th of February from Ireland, and
had a very fair gale of wind for some days; as I re-
member, it might be about the 20th of February, in
the evening late, when the mate having the watch,
came into the round-house, and told us he saw a flash
of fire and hear.i a gui iir.l, and while he was tell-
ing us of it, ab y .-i: ,, ,,ld told us the boatswain
heard another. This made us all run out upon the
quarter-deck, where for a while we heard nothing, but
in a few minutes we saw a very great light, and found
that there was some very terrible fire at a distance.
Immediately we had recourse to our reckonings, in
which we all agreed that there could be no land that
way in which the fire shewed itself, no, not for five
hundred leagues, for it appeared at W. N. W. Upon
tis we concluded it must be some ship on fire at sea;
and as by our hearing the noise of guns just before,
we concluded it could not be far off, we stood directly
towards it, and were presently satisfied we should dis-
cover it, because the farther we sailed the greater the
light appeared, though the weather being hazy we
could not perceive any thing but thelight for a while;

itn about half an hour's sailing, the wind being fair
for us, though not much of it, and weather clearing
up a little, we could plainly discern that it was a
great ship on fire in the middle of the sea.
1 was most sensibly touched with this disaster,
though not at all acquainted with the persons engaged
in it; I presently recollected my former circum-
stances, in what condition I was in when taken up
by the Portugal captain; and how much more deplo-
rable the circumstances of the poor creatures belong-
ing to this ship must be if they had no other ship in
company with them: upon this I immediately ordered
that five guns should be fired, one soon after another,
that, if possible, we might give notice to them that
there was help for them at hand, and that they might
endeavour to save themselves in their boat; for though
we could see the flame in the ship, yet they, it being
night, could see nothing of us.
We lay by some time upon this, only driving as
the burning ship drove, waiting for daylight; when
on a sudden, to our great terror, though we had rea-
son to expect it, the ship blew up in the air, and im-
mediately sunk. This was terrible, andindeed an
afflicting sight, for the sake of the poor men, who, I
concluded, must be either all destroyed inthe ship,
or be in the utmost distress in their boats in the mid-
dle of the ocean, which, at present, by reason it was
dark, I could not see; however, to direct them as
well as I could, I caused lights to be hung out in all
the parts of the ship where we could, and which we,
had lanterns for, and kept firing guns all the night
long; letting them know by this, that there was a
ship not far off.
About eight o'clock in the morning we discovered
the ship's boat, by the help of our perspective-glass;
and found there were two of them, both thronged
with people, and deep in the water; we perceived
they rowed, the wind being against them; that they
saw our ship, and did the utmost to make us see them.
We i*:'..;',,:- v.r;.l our ancient, to let them

know we saw them; and hung a waft out, as a signal
for them to come on board; and then made more
sail, standing directly to them. In a little more than
half an hour we came up with them, and in a word
took them all in, being no less than sixty-four men,
women and children; for there were a great many
Upon the whole, we found it was a French mcr-
chant-ship of three hundred tons, homeward-bound
from Quebec, in the river of. Canada. The maste
gave us a long account of the distress of his ship, how
the fire began in the steerage by the negligence of the
steersman; but, on his crying out for help, was, as
every body thought, entirely put out: but they soon
found that some sparks of the fire had gotten into
some part of the ship, so difficult to come at, that
they could not effectually quench it: and afterwards
getting in between the timbers, and within the ceiling
of the ship, it proceeded into the hold, and mastered
all the skill and all the application they were able to
They iad no more to do then but to get into their
boats, which, to their great comfort, were pretty
large; being their long-boat, and a great shallop, be-
sides a small skiff, which was of no great service to
them, other than to get some fresh water and provi-
sions into .": a '., i.-, ,.secured themselves from
the fire. 1 I.,:, uII i.. .....1 small hope of their lives
by getting into these boats at that distance from any
land; only, as they said well, that they were escaped
from the fire, and had a possibility,, that some ship
might happen to be at sea, and might take them in.
They had sails, oars, and a compass; and were pre-
paring to make the best of their way to Newfound-
land, the wind blowing pretty fair; for it blew an
easy gale at S. E. by E. They had as much provisions
and water, as, with sparing it so as to be next door
to starving, might support them about twelve days;
in which, if they had no bad weather, and no contrary
winds, the captain said, he hoped he might get to the

banks of Newfoundland, and might perhaps take some
fish to sustain them till they might go on shore. But
there were so many chances against them in allithese
cases; such as storms to overset and founder them;
rains and cold to benumb and perish their limbs; con"
trary winds to keep them out and starve them; that
it must have been next to miraculous if they iad
In the mids of their consultations, every one being
hopeless, and ready to despair, the captain with tears
in his eyes told me, they were on a sudden surprised
with the joy of hearing a gun fire, and after that four
more; these were the five guns which I cause to be
fired at first seeing the light: this revived their hearts,
and gave them the notice which, as above, 1 designed
it should, viz. that there was a ship at hand for lleir
It was upon the hearing these guns, that they took
down their masts and sails; and the sound coming
from the windward they resolved to lie by till morn-
ing. Some time after this, hearing no more guns,
they fired three muskets, one a considerable while
after another; but these, the wind being contrary, we
never heard.
Some time after that again, they were still more
agreeably surprised with seeing our lights, and hear-
ing the guns, which, as I have said, I caused to be
fired all the rest of the night: this set them to work
with their oars to keep their boats ahead, at least that
we might the sooner come up with them; and at last,
to their inexpressible joy, they found we saw them,
It is impossible for me to express the several ges-
tures, the strange ecstacies, the variety of postures,
which these poor delivered people run into, to express
the joy of their souls at so unexpected a deliverance;
griefand fear are easily described; sighs, tears, groans,
and a very few motions of head and hands, make up
the sum of its variety: but an excess of joy, a surprise
of joy, has a thousand extravagances in it; there were
some in tears, sonie raging and tearing thenselvst,

as if they had been in the greatest agonies of sorrow,
some stark raving and downright lunatic; some ran
about the ship stamping with their feet, others wring-
ing their hands; some were dancing, several singing,
some laughing, more crying; many quite dumb, not
able to speak a word; others sick and vomiting, se-
veral swooning and ready to faint; and a few were
crossing them and giving God thanks.
I would not wrong them neither; there might be
many that were thankful afterward; bnt the passion
was too strong for them at first and they were not able
to master it; they were thrown into ecstasies and a
kind of frenzy, and so there was but a very few who
were composed and serious in their joy.
Perhaps also the case may have some addition to
it, from the particular circumstance of the nation they
belonged to; I mean the French, whose temper is al-
lowed to be more volatile, more passionate, and more
sprightly, and their spirits more fluid, than of other
nations. I am not philosopher to determine the cause,
but nothing I had ever seen before came up to it: the
ecstasies poor Friday, my trusty savage, was in, when
he found his father in the boat, came the nearest to
it; and the surprise of the master, and his two com-
panions, whom I delivered from the two villains that
set them on shore in the island, came a little way to-
wards it; but nothing was to compare to this, either.
that I saw in Friday, or any where else in my life.
It is farther observable, that these extravagances
did not shew themselves in that different manner I
have mentioned, in different persons only; but all the
variety would appear in a short succession of mo-
ments, in one and the same person. A man that we
saw this minute dumb, and, as it were, stupid and
confour,.d d, -..li, il. the I, it minn te be darnii., a,,i
l1.ll,.Oi.l Ike3r a.ali': ; Iri. 11 nL-: rrl romentl al, 'll.;
i l iir. r Priullin hi; *:l.:-ri- pt;e ;e, and l.
iI t. flh' l.J-r i a l '; I .t '1 i nia.jdiiUr a leu' 1i0iiuJ--
altef thaI, wa i.t hl' ir'- h. harl all 0i le rs, tiherf :.. ,.
tiCi b .1Aol..l ng; 'J .1 ti.l 11rA l lur flrl," hleC ii.ij. L. .,

had, would in a few moments more have been dead;
and thus it was, not with one or two, or ten or twen-
ty, butwith the greatest part ofthem; and, ifI remem-
ber right, our surgeon was obliged to let above thirty
ofthem blood.
There were two priests among them, one an oJd
man and the other a young man; and that which
was strangest was, that the oldest man was the worst.
As soon as he set his foot on board our ship, and
saw himself safe, he dropped down stone dead, to all
appearance; not the least sign of life could be per-
ceived in him; our surgeon immediately applied pro.
per remedies to recover him; and was the only man in
the ship that believed he was not dead; and at length
he opened a vein in his arm, having first chafed and
rubbed the part, so as to warm it as much as possi-
ble: upon this the blood which only dropped at first.
flowed something freely; in three minutes after the
man opened his eyes; and about a quarter of an hour
after that he spoke grew better, and,,in a little time,
quite well ; after the blood was stopped he walked
about, told us he was perfectly well, took a dram of
cordial which the surgeon gave him, and was, what
we called, come to himself; about a quarter of an
hour after this they came running into the cabin to
the surgeon, who was bleeding a French woman that
had fainted, and told him the priest was gone stark
mad. It seems he had begun to revolve, the change
of his circumstances in his mind, and this put him into
an ecstasy of joy : his spirits whirled about faster
than the vessels could convey them; the blood grew
hot and feverish; and the man was as fit for Bedlam
as any feature that ever was in it'; the surgeon would
not bleed him again in that condition, but gave him
something, to doze and put him to sleep, which, after
:inme time, opcrav.i up.:n him, iand he walked next
rm,,rnri, perf crl'eciy np : 1ani v.il.
The \", n-,gr .ri- .-reh bh .i lm.rr.i with great com-
. o frl. of hi p- I.;i ar.l .- rall an example ofa
-i r ..u (l11-; :.. -. .I. -t :1 h.; first coming on

board the ship, he threw himself flat on his face, pros.
rating himself in thankfulness for his deliverance; in
which I unhappily and unseasonably disturbed him,
really thinking he had been in a swoon: but he spoke
calmly; thanked me;. told me he was giving God
thanks for his deliverance; begged me toleave him a
few moments, and that next to his Maker he would
give me thanks also.
I was heartily sorry that I disturbed him, and not
only left him, but kept others from interrupting him
also; he continued in that posture about thee mi-
nutes, or a little more, after I left him, then came to
me as he had said he would, and with a great deal
of seriousness and affection, but with tears in his eyes,
thanked me that had, under Go(d, given him and so
many miserable creatures their lives: I told him, I
had no room to move him to thank God for it rather
than me; for I had seen that he had done that al-
ready; but I added, that it was nothing hut what rea-
son and humanity dictated to all men, and that we
had as much reason as he to give thanks to God, who
had blessed us so far as to make us the instruments
of his mercy to so many of his creatures.
After this the young priest applied himself to this
country-folks; laboured to compose them; persuaded,
entreated, argued, reasoned with them, and did hisut-
most to keep them within the exercise of their reason;
and with some he hart success, though others were,
for a time, out of all government of themselves.
I cannot help committing this to writing, as per-
haps, it may be useful to those into whose hands it
may fall, in the guiding themselves in all the extrava-
gances of their passions ; for if an excess of joy can
carry men out to such a length beyond the reach of
their reason, what will not the extravagances of anger,
rage and a provoked mind, carry us to ? And, indeed,
here I saw reason for keeping an exceeding watch
over our passions of every kind, as well those of joy
and satisfaction, as those of sorrow and anger.
SWe were something disordered by these extrava

gances among our new guests for the first day; but
when they had been retired, lodgings provided for
them as well as our ship would allow, and they had
slept heartily, as most of them did, being fatigued and
frightened, they were quite another sort of people
the next day.
Nothing of good manners, or civil acknowledg-
ments for the kindnessshewn them, was wanting; the
French, it is known are naturally, apt enough to ex-
ceed that way. The captain and one of the priests
came to me the next day; and desiring to speak with
me and my nephew, thecommander began to consult
with us.what should be done with them ; and first
they told us, that as we had saved their lives, so all
they had was little enough for a return to us for the
kindness received. The captain said, they had saved
some money, and some things of value in their boats,
watched hastily out of the flames; and if we would
accept it, they were ordered to make an offer of it
all to us; they only desired to be set on shore some-
where in our way, where, if possible, they might get
a passage to France%
My nephew was for accepting their money at first
word, and to consider what to do with them after-
wards ; but 1 overruled him in that part; for I knew
what it was to be set on shore in a strange country ;
and if the Portugal captain that took me up at sea had
served me so, and took all I had for my deliverance,
I must have starved, or have been as much a slave at
the Brasils as I had been at Barbary, the being sold
to a Mahometan only excepted ; and perhaps a Por-
tuguese is not a much better master than a Turk, if
not, in some cases, a much worse.
I therefore told the French captain that we had,
taken them up in their distress, it was true ; but that
it was our duty to do so, as we were fellow creatures,
and as we would desire to be so delivered, if we were
in Ne like or any other extremity ; that we had done
nothing for them but what we believed they would
have done for us ifwe had been in their case and thev

in ours; but that we took them up to serve them, not
,j plunder them; and that it would be a most barba-
rous things, to take that little from them which they
had saved out of the fire, and then set them on shore
and leave them; that this would be first to save them
from death and then kill them ourselves; save them
from drowning and then abandon them to starving;
and therefore I would not let the least thing be taken
from them: as to setting them on shore, I told them
indeed that was an exceeding difficulty to us, for that
the ship was bound to the East Indies; and though
we were driven out of our course to the westward a
very great way, which perhaps was directed by Heaven
on purpose for their deliverance, yet it was impossible
for us willingly to change our voyage on this parti-
cular account; nor could my nephew, the captain,
answer it to the freighters, with whom he was under
charter-party to pursue his voyage by the way of Bra-
sil; and all I knew he could do for them was, to put
ourselves in the way of meeting with other ships
homeward-bound from the West-Indies, and get them
passage, if possible, to England or France.
The first part of the proposal was so generous and
kind, they could not but he very thankful for it; but
they were in a great consternation, especially the pas-
sengers, at the notion of being carried away to the East
Indies; they then entreated me, that seeing I was
driven so far to the westward before I met with them,
I would at least keep on the same course to the banks
of Newfoundland, where it was possible I might meet
with some ship or sloop that they might hire to carry
them nack to Canada, from whence they came.
I thought this but a reasonable request on their
piut, and therefore I inclined to agree to it; for in-
*i..--J I considered, that to carry this whole company
to the East Indies would not only be an intolerable
severity to the poor people, but would be ruining our
whole voyage by devouring all our provisions; so I
thought it no breach of charter-party, but what an un-
foreseen accident made absolutely necessary to us;

and in which not one could say we were to blame;
for the laws of God and nature would have forbid,
that we should refuse to take up two boats full of peo-
ple in such a distressed condition; and the nature of
the" thing, as well respecting ourselves as the poor
people, obliged us to see them on shore some where or
other, for their deliverance; so I consented that we
would carry them to Newfoundland, if wind and wea-
ther would permit; and, if not, that I would carry
them to Martinico in the West Indies.
The wind continued fresh easterly, but the weather
pretty good; and as it had blowed continually in the
points between N. E. and S. E. a long time, we missed
several opportunities of sending them to France; for
we met several ships bound to Europe, whereof two
were French, from St. Christopher's; but they had
been so long beating up against the wind, that they
durst take in no passengers for fear of wanting provi-
sions for the voyage, as well for themselves as for
those they should take in; so we were obliged to go
on. It was about a week after this, that we made
th6 banks of Newfoundland, where, to shorten my
story, we put all our French people on board a bark,
which they hired at sea there, to put them on shore,
and afterwards to carry them to France, if they could
get provisions to victual themselves with: when, I
say, all the French went on shore, I should remember
that the young priest I spoke of, hearing we were
bound to the East Indies, desired to go the :oyai-d
with us, and to be set on shore on the coast of Coro-
mandel: I readily agreed to that; for I wonderfully
liked the man, and had very good reason, as will ap-
pear afterwards; also fourof theseamen entered them-
selves in our ship, and proved very useful fellows.
From hence we directed our course for the West
Indies, steering away S. and S, by E. for about twenty
days together, sometimes little or no wind at all,
when we met with another subject for our humanity
to work upon, almost as deplorable as that before.
It was in the latitude of 27 degrees 5 minutes 3

and the 19th of March 1684-5, when we espied a
sail, our course S. E. and by S. We soon perceived
it was a large vessel, and that she bore up to us; but
could not at first know what to make of her, till, after
coming a little nearer, we found she had lost her
main-topmast, foremast, and bowsprit; and presently
she fires a gun as a signal of distress. The weather
was pretty good, wind at N. N. W. a fresh gale, and
we soon came to speak with her.
We found her a ship of Bristol bound home from
Barbadoes, but had been blown out ofthe road at Bar-
badoes, a few days before she was ready to sail by a
terrible hurricane, while the captain and chief mate
were both gone on shore; so that beside the terror of
the storm, they were but in an indifferent case for
good artists to bring the ship home; they had been al
ready nine weeks at sea, and had met with another
terrible storm after the hurricane was over, which had
blown them quite out of their knowledge to the west-
ward, and in which they had lost their masts, as
above; they told us, they expected to have seen the
Bahama Islands, but were then driven away again to
the south-east by a strong gale of wind at N. N. W.
the same that blew now, and having no sails'to work
the ship with, but a main-course, and a kind of square
sail upon ajury-foremast, which they had set up, they
could not lie near the wind, but were endeavouring
to stand away for the Canaries.
But that which was worst of all, was, that they
were almost starved for want of provisions, besides
Oie fatigues they had undergone: their bread and
I>,: l was quite gone, they had not an ounce left in
ih,- s.ip, n.d had had none for eleven days; the only
reil inr,., had, was, their water was not all spent,
and they had about half a barrel of flour left; they
had sugar enough ; some succades or sweetmeats they
1had at first, but they were devoured; and they had
seven casks of rum.
There was a youth and his mother, and a maid-
trvaint, on board, who were going passengers, and

thinking the ship was ready to sail, unhappily came
on board the evening before the hurricane began; and,
having no provisions of their own left; they were in
a more deplorable condition than the rest; for the sea-
men, being reduced to such an extremenecessity them-
selves, had no compassion, we may be sure, for the
poor passengers; and they were indeed in a condition
that their misery is very hard to describe.
I had perhaps not known this part, if my curiosity
had not led me, the weather being fair, and the wind
abated, to go on board the ship; the second mate,
whb upon this occasion commanded the ship, had
been on board our ship; and he told me indeed, that
they had three passengers in the great cabin, that they
were in a deplorable condition; Nay," says he,
" I believe they are dead, for I have heard nothing of
them for above two days; and I was afraid to inquire
after them," said he, for I had nothing to relieve
them with."
We immediately applied ourselves to give them
what relief we could spare; and indeed I had so far
overruled things with my nephew, that I would have
victualled them, though we had gone away to Virginia,
or any part of the coast of America, to have supplied
ourselves; but there was no necessity for that.
But now they were in a new danger, for they were
afraid of eating too much, even of that little we gave
them. The mate or commander brought six men
with him in his boat, but these poor wretches looked
like skeletons, and were so weak they could hardly
sit to their oars; the mate himself was very ill, and
half-starved, for he declared he had reserved nothing
from the men, and went share and share alike with
them in every bit they ate.
I cautioned him to eat sparingly, b, i EI mrrat be-
fore him immediately, and he had 1..it ,. 3-. thren
mouthfuls before he began to be sick, .ri out r"I
ordei; so he stopped awhile, and our surgeon mixed
him up something with some broth, which he said
vol.. U. B

would be to him both food and physic ; and after he
had taken it, he grew better; in the meantime I for-
got not the men ; I ordered victuals to be given them,
and the poor creatures rather devoured than ate it;
they were so exceeding hungry, that they were in a
manner ravenous, and, had no command of them-
selves; and two of them ate with so much greediness,
that they were in danger of their lives the next morn-
The sight of these people's distress was very mov-
ing to me, and brought to mind what I had a terrible
prospect of at my first coming on shore in my island,
where I had not the least mouthful of food, or any
hopes of procuring it : besides the hourly apprehen-
sion I had of being made the food of other creatures.
But all the while the mate was thus relatingto me the
miserable condition of the ship's company, I could
not put out of my thought the story he had told me of
the three poor creatures in the great cabin ; viz. the
mother, her son, and the maid-servant, whom he had
heard nothing of for two or three days; and whom
he seemed to confess they had wholly neglected, their
own extremities being so great ; by which I under-
stood, that they had really given them no food at all;
and that therefore they must be perished, and be all
lying dead perhaps on the floor or deck of the cabin.
As I therefore kept the mate, whom we then called
captain, on board with his men to refresh them, so I
also forgot not the starving crew that were left on
board, but ordered my own boat to go on board the
ship, and with my mate and twelte men to carry them
a aik 'of bread, and four or five pieces of beef to
tIol Our surgeon charged the men to cause the meat
to be boiled while they stayed, and to keep guard in
the cook-room, to prevent the men's taking it to eat
raw, or taking it out of the pot before it was well
boiled, and then to give every man but a little at a
time; and by this caution he preserved the men, who
would otherwise have killed themselves with that very

food that was given them on purpose to save their
At the same time I ordered the mate to go into the
great cabin and see what condition the poor passen-
gers were in, and, if they were alive, to comfort them
and give them what refreshment was proper; and the
surgeon gave him a large pitcher with some of the
prepared broth which he had given the mate that was
on board, and which he did not question would re-
store them gradually.
I was not satisfied with this ; but, as I said above,
having a great mind to see the sc-ne of misery, which
I knew the ship itself would present me with, in a
more lively manner than I could have it by report, I
took the captain of the ship, as we now called him,
with me, and went myself a little after in their boat.
I found the poor men on board almost in a tumult
to get the victuals out of the boiler before it way
eadly ; but my mate observed his order, and kept a
good guard at the cook-room door; and the man he
place'l thereafter using all possible persuasion to have.
patience, kept them off by force: however, he caused
some biscuit cakes to be dipped in the pot, and soften-
ed them with the liquor of the meat, which they calb
brewis, and gave every one one,to stay their stomachs,
and told them it was for their own safety that he was
obliged to give them but little at a time. But it was
all in vain, and had I not come on board, and their
own commander and officers with me, and with good
words and some threats also of giving them no more,
I believe they would have broke into the cook-room
by force, and torn the meat out of the Iun,'ce ; for
words indeed are of a very small f.,r,: in .. :In lrni. r,
belly: however, we pacified them, '.l1 -?1 umlii g i.
dually and cautiously for the first tinm-, ar., Iis i. t n.
time gave them more, and at last fillU..: ii. :r li. I ,
and the men did well enough.
But the misery of the poor passengers in the cabin
was of another nature, and far beyond the rest; for

as, first, the ship's company had so little for them-
selves, it was but too true, that they had at first kept
them very low, and at last totally neglected them; so
that for six or seven days, it might be said, they had
really had no food.at all, and for several days before,
very little.
The poor mother, who, as the mate first reported,
was a woman of good sense and good breeding, had
spared all she could get so affectionately for her son,
that at last she entirely sunk under it : and when the
mate of our ship went in, she sat upon the floor or
deck, with her back up against the sides, between two
chairs, which were lashed fast, and her head sunk in
between her shoulders, like a corpse, though not quite
dead. My mate said all he could lo revive and en-
courage her, and with a spoon put some broth into her
mouth : she opened her lips, and lifted up one hand,
butcould not speak; yet she understood what he said,
and made signs to him, intimating, that it was too late
for her ; and pointing to her child, as if she would
have said, they should take care ofhim.
However, the mate, who was exceedingly moved
with the sight, endeavoured to get some of the broth
Into her mouth ; and, as he said, got two or three
spoonfuls down, though I question whether he could
be sure of it or not; but it was too late, and she died
the same night.
The youth, who was preserved at the price of his
most affectionate mother's life, was not so far gone;
yet he lay in a cabin-bed as one stretched out, with
hardly any life left in hini ; he had a piece of an old
glove in his mouth, having eaten up the rest of it;
however, being young, and having more strength than
his mother, the mate got something down his throat,
and he began sensibly to revive, though, by giving him
some time after but two or three spoonfuls extraordi-
nary, he was very sick, and brought it up again.
But the next care was the poor maid ; she lay all
along upon the deck hard by her mistress, and just
like one that had fallen down with an aponlexy. and

struggled for life; her limbs were distorted, one of
her hands was clasped round the frame of one chair,
and she griped it so hard, that we could not easily
make her let it go ; her other arm lay over her head,
and her feet lay both together, set fast against the
frame of the cabin table; in short, she lay just like
one in the last agonies of death ; and yet she was
alive too.
The poor creature was not only starved with hun-
ger, and terrified with the thoughts of death, but, as
the men told us afterwards, was broken-hearted for
her mistress, whom she saw dying two or three days
before, and whom she loved most tenderly.
We knew not what to do with this poor girl; for
when our surgeon, who was a man of very great
knowledge and experience, and with great application
recovered her as to life, lie had her upon his hand as
to her senses, for she waslittle less than distracted for
a considerable time after; as shall appear presently.
Whoever shall read these memorandums, must be
desired to consider, that visits at sea are not like a
journey into the country, where sometimes people stay
a week or a'fortnight at a place. Our business was
to relieve this distressed ship's '`. L.i ... 1 ii ., i..r
them; and though they were .. ll i.. .i- r I,. -, ne
course with us for some days, yet we could carry no
sail to keep pace with a ship that had...:., i. ~:, I,,.,
ever, as their captain begged.of us to I. i .,m r?. .-.r
up a main-topmast, and a kind of topmast to hisjury-
foremast, we did, as it were, lie by him for three or
four days and then having given him five barrels of
beef and pork, two hogsheads of biscuit, and a pro-
portion of peas, flour, and what other things we could
spare; and taking three casks of sugar and some rum,
and some pieces of eight of them for satisfaction, we
left them,taking on board with us,at their own earnest
request, the youth and the maid, and all their goods.
The young lad was about seventeen years of age, a
pretty, well bred, modest and sensible youth; greatly
dejected with the loss ofhis mother, and, as it seems,

had lost his father but a few months before at Barba-
does He begged of the m:ri...,'. i. speak to me, to
take him out of the ship; (iO i1" ::iil. the cruel fellows
had murdered his mother; and indeed so they had,
that is to say, passively; for they might have spared a
small sustenance to the poor helpless widow, that
might have preserved her life, though it had been just
to keep her alive. But hunger knows no friend, no
relation, nojustice, no right; and therefore is remorse-
less, and capable of no compassion.
The surgeon told him how far we were going, and
how it would carry him away from all his friends, and
put him perhaps in as bad circumstances, almost, as
we found.them in; that is to say, starving in the
world. He said he mattered not whither he went, if
he was but delivered from the terrible crew that he
was among; that the captain (by which he meant me,
for he could know nothing of my nephew) had saved
hiJ life, and he was sure would not hurt him; and as
for the maid, he was sure, if she came to herself, she
would be very thankful for it, let us carry them whi-
ther we would. The surgeon represented the case so
affectionately to me, thatI yielded, and we took them
both on board with all their goods, except eleven hogs-
heads of sugar, which could not be removed, or come
at; and as the youth had a bill of lading for them, I
made his commander sign a writing, obliging him to
go, as soon as he came to Bristol, to one Mr. Rogers,
a merchant there, to whom the youth said he was
related, and to deliver a letter which I wrote to him,
and all the goods he had belonging to the deceased
widow; which I suppose was not done; for I could
never learn that the shiip came to Bristol; but was. as
is most probable, lost at sea, being in so disabled a
condition, and so far from any land, that I am of
opinion, the first storm she met with afterwards she
might founder at sea; for she was leaky, and had
damage in her hold when I met with her.
I was now in the latitude of 19 deg. 32 min. and
had hitherto had a tolerable voyage as to weather,

though at first the winds had been contrary. I shall
trouble nobody with the little incidents of wind, wea-
ther, currents, &c. on the rest of our voyage ; but,
shortening my story for the sake of what is to follow,
shall, observe that I came to my old habitation, the
island, on the 10th of April, 1695. It was with no
small difficulty that I found the place ; for as I came
to it, and went from it before, on the south and east
side of the island, as coming from the Brazils; so now
coming in between the main and the island, and hav-
ing no chart for the coast, nor any land mark, I did
not know it when I saw it, or know whether I saw it
or no.
We beat about a great while, and went on shore on
several islands in the mouth of the great river Oroo-
noque, but none for my purpose : only this I learnt
by my coasting the shore, that I was under one great
mistake before, viz. that the continent which I thought
I saw from the island I lived in, was really no conti-
nent, but a long island, or rather a ridge of islands
reaching from one to the other side of the extended
mouth of that great river ; and that the savages who
came to my island, were not properly those which we
call Carribees, hut islanders and other barbarians of
same kind, who inhabited something nearer to our
side than the rest.
In short, I visited several of the islands to no pur.
pose; some I found were inhabited, and some were
not. On one of them I. found some Spaniards, and
thought they had lived there; but speaking with them,
found they had a sloop lay in a small creek hard.by,
and that they came thither to make salt, and catch
some pearl-muscles, if they could; but they belonged
to the Isle de Trinidad, which lay farther north, in
the latitude of 1) and 11 degrees.
Thus coasting from one island to another, some-
times with the ship, sometimes with the Frenchman's
shallop (which we had found a convenient boat, and
therefore kept her with their very good will,) at length
I came fair on the south side of my island, and I pre-

sently knew the very countenance of the place; so I
brought the ship safe to an anchor broadside with the
little creek where was my old habitation.
As soon as I saw the place, I called for Friday, and
asked him, if he knew where he was ? He looked
about a little, and presently clapping his hands, cried,
" O yes, O there, O yes, O there !" O pointing to our
c:!.j 1ii ,al...,. ,i.al fell a dancing and caperinglike a
im,.il l-... ,.il I had much ado to keep him from
jumpine into the sea, to swim ashore to the place.
W i~'ll-, II. ji." said I, do you think we shall
;:n. anl y L....., h--r..: or no? and what do you think,
shall we see your father'?" The fellow stood mute
as a stock a good while; but when I named his father,
the poor affectionate creature looked dejected; and I
could see the tears run down his'face very plentifully.
" What is the matter, Friday ? said I; are you
troubled because you may see your father?"-" No,
no," says he, shaking his head, no see him more,
no ever more see again."-" Why so," said I, Fri-
day ? how do you know that "-" no, 0 no," says .
Friday, "he long Tao die; long.,aso. he much old
man."-" Well, *, II." said I, "1F ilia,, you don't
know: but shall we see any one else then ?" The fel-
low, it seems, had better eyes than I, and he points
just to the hill above my old house ; and though we
lay half a league off, he pries out, Me see me see !
yes, yes, me see much man there, and there, and
there." I looked, but could see nobody, no, not
with a perspeetive-glass; which was, I suppose, be-
cause 1 could not hit the place ; for the fellow was
ri.iht-i I found upon inquiry the next day, and there
P ..r- l ., *i six men all together stood to look at the
ship not knowing what to think of us.
As soon as Friday had told me he saw people, I
caused the English ancient to be spread, and fired
three guns, to give them notice we were friends; and
about half a quarter of an hour after, we perceived a
smoke rise from the side of the creek ; so I immedi-
ately ordered a boat out, taking Friday with me ; and

hanging out a white flag, or a flag of truce,- I went
directly on shore, taking with me the young friar I
mentioned, to whom I had told the whole-story of my
living there, and the manner ofit,'and every particu-
lar both of myself and those that I left there, and who
was on that account extremely desirous to go with me.
We had besides about sixteen men very well armed,
if .. 1, .1 found any new guest there which we did
r..i..., of; but we had no need of weapons.
A; .- went on shore upon the tide of flood near
high water; we rowed directly into the creek; and the
first man 1 fixed my eye upon was the Spaniard whose
life I had saved, and whom I knew by his face per-
fecly well ; as to his habit, 1 shall describe it after-
wards. I ordered nobody to go on shore at first but
myself; but there was no keeping Friday in the boat ;,
for the affectionate creature had spied his father at a'
distance, a goodway off of the Spaniards, where in-
deedI. saw nothing of him and if they had not let
him go on shore he would have i'n..i.. 1 ;itO 'i* sea.
lie was no sooner oi shore, but I.: i.t ,.' ajy '.. his
father like an arrow out of a bow. It would have
made any man shed tears in spite of the firmest reso-
lution, to have seen the first -. .. ..'-.i of this poor
fellow's.joy, when ehe came tc i-~i. ., how heem.
braced him, kissed him, stroked his face, took him up'
in his arms, set him down upon a tree, and lay down
by him; then stood and looked at him as any one
would look at a strange picture for a quarter of an
hour together ; then lay down upon the ground,.and
stroked his legs, and kissed them, and then got up
again, and stared at him ; one would have though the
fellow bewitched : but it would have made a dog
laugh to see how the next day his passion run out an-
other way: in the morning he walked along the shore,
to and again, with his father, several hours, always
leading him'by the hand, as if le had been a lady;
and every now and then would come to fetch some-
thing or other for him from the boat either a luiip of
3 B

sugar, or dram, a biscuit, or something or other that
was good. In the afternoon his frolics ran another
way, for then he would set the old man down upon
the ground, and dance about him, and made a thou-
sand antic postures and gestures, and all the while he
did this he would be talking to him, and telling him
one story or another of his travels, and of what had
happened to him abroad, to divert him. In shot, if
the same filial affection was to be found in Chris ns
to their parents in our parts of the world, one woull
be tempted to say there hardly would have been any
need of the fifth commandment.
.nt this is a digression; I return to my landing. It
would be endless to take notice of all the ceremonies
and civilities that the Spaniards received me with.
The first Spaniard whom, as I said, I knew very well,
was he whose life I saved: he came towards the boat
attended by one more, carrying a flag of truce also;
and he did not only know me at first, but he had
no thoughts, no notion, of its being me that was come
till I spoke to him. Seignior," said I, in Portu
guese, "' do you not know me ?" At which he spoke
not a word; but giving his musket to the man that
was with him, threw his arms abroad, and saying
something in Spanish that I did not perfectly hear,
came forward, and embraced me, telling me, he was
inexcusible not to know that face again that he had
once seen, as of an angel from Heaven sent to save
his life: he said abundance of very handsome things,
as a well-bred Spaniard always knows how; and then
beckoning to the person that attended him, bade him
go and call out his comrades. He then asked me if I
would walk to my old habitation, where he would
give me possession of my own house again, and where
I should see there had been but mean improvements;
sol walked along with him; but, alas! I couldno more
find the place again than if I had never been there;
for they had planted so many trees, and placed them
in such a posture, so thick and close to one another,
in ten years time they were grown so big,Jhat, in

shot, the place was inaccessible, except by such wind*
ings, and blind ways as they themselves only who
made them could find.
I asked them, what put them upon all these fortifi-
cations? He told me, I would say there was need
enough of it, when, they had given an account how
they had passed their time since their arriving in the
island, especially after they had the misfortune to find
that I was gone: he told me he could not but have
some satisfaction in my good fortune, when he heard
that I was gone in a good ship, and to my satisfaction;
and that he had oftentimes a strong persuasion that
one time or other he should see me again : but nothing
that ever befel him in his life, he said, was so sur-
prising and afflicting to him at first, as the disap-
pointment he was under when he came back to the
island,, and found I was not there.
As to the three barbarians (so he called them) that
were left behind, and of whom he said he had a long
story to tell me; the Spaniards all thought themselves
much better among the savages, only that their num-
ber was so small. "And," says he, had they been
strong enough, we had been all long ago in purga-
tory;" and with that he crossed himself upon the
breast. But, Sir," says he, I hope you will not
be displeased, when I shall tell you how, forced by
necessity, we were obliged, for our own preservation,
to disarm them, and making them our subjects, who
would not be content with being moderately our mas-
ters, but would be our murderers." I answered, [
was heartily afraid of it when I left them there; and
nothing troubled me at my parting from the island,
but that they were not come back, that I might have
put them in possession of every thing first, and left
the other in a state of subjection, as they deserved:
but if they had reduced them to it, I was very glad,
and should be very far from finding any fault with it;
for I knew they were a parcel of refractory, ungo-
vernable villains, and were fit for any manner of

While I wassaying this came the man whom he had
sent back, and with him eleven men more: in the
dress they were in, it was impossible to guess what
nation they were of; but be made all clear both to
them and to me. Frst he turned to me, and pointing
to them, said, These Sir, are some of the gentle-
men who owe their lives to you;" and then turning
to them, and pointing to me, he let them know who
I was; upon which they all came up one by one, not
as if they had been sailors, and ordinary fellows, and
I the like, bet really as if they had been ambassadors
or noblemen, and I a monarch or a great conqeror:
their behaviour was to the last degree obliging and
courteous, and yet mixed with a manly majestic gra-
vity, which very well became them; and, in short,
they had so much more manners than I, that I scarce
knew how to receive their civilities, much less how to
return them in kind.
The history of their coming to, and conduct in the
island after my going away, is so remarkable, and has
so many incidents, which the former part of my rela-
tion will help to' understand, and which will, in most
of the particulars, refer to that account I have already
given, that I cannot but commit them with great de-
light to the reading of those that come after me.
I shall no longer trouble the story with a relation in
the first person, which will put me to the expense of
ten thousand Said I's, and Said he's, and He told me's
aod I told him's, and the like; but I shall collect the
facts historically as near as I can gather them out of
my memory from what they related to me, and from
what I met with in my conversing with them, and
with the place.
In order to do this succinctly, and as intelligibly as
I can, I must go back to the circumstance in which [
left the island, and which the persons were in of whom
I am to speak. At first it is necessary to repeat, that
I had sent away Friday's father and the Spaniard,
the two whose lives I had rescued from the savages;
I say, I had sent them away in a large canoe to the

main, as I then thought it, to fetch over the Spaniard's
companions whom he had left behind him, in order to
save them from the like calamity that he had been in,
and in order to succour them for the present, and that,
if possible, we might together find some way for our
-.i -;ip.-..c afterward.
1\ rn I sent them away, I had no visible appear-
ance of, or the least room to hope for, my own deli-
verance, any more than I had twenty years before;
much less had I any foreknowledge of what after hap-
pened, I mean of an English ship coming on shore
there to fetch them-off; and it could not but be a very
great surprise to them when they came back, not only
to find that I was gone, but to find three strangers left
on the spot, possessed of all that I had left behind me,
which would otherwise have been their own.
Ti' r-i il;r. i .-I .... ir: ich I inquired into,that
Im shr t'ir n t.n .I i i,:r ,:.n. was of their own part;
and I I- .i. :.1 I.- V ....li g e me a particular account
of his voyage back to his countrymen if tf, b'r, .,
when I sent him to fetch them over. He i l.. mei
there was little variety in that part; for nothing re-
markable happened to them on the way, they having
very calm weather and a smooth soea; for his country-
men it could not be doubted, he saiCd, but that they
were overjoyed to see him (it seems he was the prin-
cipal man among them, the captain rt i ,s i Tr,: v
lad been shipwrecked in having been dead some
time:) they were, he said, the more surprised to see
him, because they knew not that he was fallen into the
hands of savages, who, they were satisfied, would de-
vour him, as they did all the rest of their prisoners;
hat when he told them the story of the deliverance,
and in what manner.he was furnished for carrying
them away, it was like a dream to them; and their
astonishment, they said, was something like that of
Joseph's brethren, when he told them who he was,
and told them the story of his exaltation in Pharonh's
court; but when be shewed them the arms, thepowder,
the ball and the provisions that he brought them for

their journey or voyage, they were restored to them-
selves, took a just share of the joy of their deliver-
ance, and immediately prepared to come away with
Their first business was to get canoes; and in this
they were obliged not to stick so much upon the ho-
nest part of it, but to trespass upon their friendly sa-
vages, and to borrow two large canoes or periguas,
on pretence of going out a-fishing, for pleasure.
In these they came away the next morning; it
seems they wanted no time to get themselves ready,
for they had no baggage, neither clothes, or provi-
sions, or any thing in the world, but what they had
on them, and a few roots to eat, of which they used
to make their bread.
They were in all three weeks absent, and in that
time, unluckily for them, I had the occasion offered
for my escape, as I mentioned in my other part, and
to get off from the island ; leaving three of the most
impudent, hardened, ungoverned, disagreeable vil-
lains behind me that any man could desire to meet
with, to the poor Spaniards' great grief and disap-
pointment you may be sure.
The only just thing the rogues did, was, that when
the Spaniards came on shore, they gave my letter to
them and gave them provisions and other relief, as 1
had ordered them to do; also they gave them the
long paper of directions, which I had left with them,
containing the particular methods which I took for
managing every part of my life there ; the way how
I baked my bread, bred up my tame goats, and plant-
ed my corn ; how I cured my grapes, made my pots,
and, in a word, every thing I did all this being
written down, they gave to the Spaniards, two of
whom understood English well enough; nor did they
refuse to accommodate the Spaniards with any thing
else, for they agreed very well for some time ; they
gave them an equal admission into the house, or cave,
and they began to live very sociably; and the head

Spaniard, who had seen pretty much of my method'
and Friday's father together managed all their affairs;
for as for the Englishmen they did nothing but ram-
ble about the island, shoot parrots, and catch tor-
toises, and when they came home at night, the Spa-
niards provided their suppers for them.
The Spaniards would have been satisfied with this,
would the other but have left them alone; which,
however, they could not find in their hearts to do
long; but, like the dog in the manger, they would not
eat themselves, and would not let others eat neither:
but differences, nevertheless, were at first but trivial,
and such as are Pot worth relating: but at last it
broke out into open war, and it began with all the
rudeness and insolence that can be imagined, without
reason, without provocation, contrary to nature, and
indeed to common sense; and though, it is true, the
first relation of it came from the Spaniards themselves,
whom I may call the accusers, yet when I came to
examine the fellows they could not deny a word of it.
But before I come to the particulars of this part, I-
must supply a defect in my former relation; and this
was that I forgot to set down among the rest, that
just as we were weighing the anchor to set sail, there
happened a little quarrel on board our ship, which I
was afraid once would turn to a second mutiny; nor
was it appeased till the captain, rousing up his cou-
rage, and taking us all to his assistance, parted them
by force, and making two of the most refractory fel-
lows prisoners, he laid them in irons; and as they
had been active in the former disorders, and let fall
some ugly dangerous words the second time, he threat-
ened to carry them in irons to England, and have
them hanged there for mutiny, and running away
with the ship.
This, it seems, though the captain did not intend to
do it, frighted some other men in the ship; and some
of them had put it in the heads of the rest, that the
captain only gave them good words for the present till

they should come to some English port, and that then
they should be all put into a goal, and tried for their
The mate got intelligence of this, and acquainted us
with it; upon which it was desired that 1, who still
passed for a great man among them, should go down
with the mate, and satisfy the men, and tell them, that
they might be assured if they behaved well' the rest
of the voyage, all they had done for the time past
should be pardoned. So I went, and after passing my
honour's word to them they appeared easy, and the
more so, when I caused the two men who were in
irons to be released and forgiven.
But this mutiny had brought us to an anchor for
that night, the wind also falling calm. Next morning
we found that our two men who had been laid in
irons, had stole each of them a musket and some other
weapons i what powder or shot they had we knew
not; and had taken the ship's pinnace, which was not
yet haled up, and run away with her to their compa-
nons in roguery on shore.
As soon as we found this, I ordered the long-boat
on shore, with twelve men and the mate, and away
they went to seek the rogues ; but they couldneither
find them nor any of the rest; for they all fled into
the woods when they saw the boat coming on shore.
The mate was once resolved, injustice to their rogue-
ry, to have destroyed their plantations, burnt all their
household stuff and furniture, and left them to shift
without it; but having no order, he let all alone, left
evedy thing as they. found it, and bringing the pinnace
away, came on board without them.
These two men made their number five :h but the
other three villains were so much wickeder than these,
that after they had beeh two or three days together,.
they turned their two new-comers out of doors to shift
for themselves, and would have nothing to do with
them ; nor could they, for a good while, be persuaded
to give them any food : as for the Spaniards, they
were not yet come.

When the Spaniards came first on shore, the busi-
ness began to go forward; the Spaniards would have
persuaded the three English brules to have taken in
their two countrymen again, that as they said, they
might be all one family ; but they would not hear of.
it: so the two poor fellows lived by themselves, and
finding nothing but industry and application would
make them live comfortable, they pitched their tents
on the north shore of the island, but a little more to
the west, to be out of the danger of the savages, who
always lauded on the east part of the island.
Here they built two huts, one to lodge in, and the
other to lay up their magazines and stores in ; and
the Spaniards havinggiven them some corn for seed,
and especially some of the peaswhich I had left them,
they dug and planted, and enclosed, after the pattern
I had set for them all, and began to live pretty well;
their first crop of corn was on the ground, and though
it was but a little bit .of land which they had dug up
at first, having had but a little time, yet it was enough
to relieve them, and find them with bread, or other
eatables; and one of the fellows being the cook's mate
of the ship, was very ready at making soup, pud-
dings, and such other preparations, as the rice and
the milk, and such little flesh as they got, furnished
him to do.
They were going on in a little thriving posture,
when the three unnatural rogues, their own country-
men too, in mere humor and to insult them, came
and bullied them, and told them theisland was theirs;
that the governor, meaning me, had given them pos-
session of it, andnobody else had any right to it; and,
damn them, they should build no houses upon their
ground unless they would pay them rent for them.
The two men thought they had jested at first, an
asked them to come and sit down, and see what fine
houses they were that they had built, and tell them
what rent they demanded: and one of them merrily
told them, if they were ground-landlords, he hoped it
they built tenements upon the land and made improve-

ments, they would, according to the custom of all
landlords, grant them a long lease; and bid them go
fetch a scrivener to draw the writings. One of the
three, damning and raging, told them they should see
they were not in jest; and going to a little place at
a distance, where the honest men had made a fire to
dress their victuals, he takes a fire brand and claps it
to the outside of their hut, and very fairly set it on
fire; and it would have been all burnt down in a few
minutes, if one of the two had not run to the fellow,
thrust him away, and trod the fire out with his feet,
and that not without some difficulty too.
The fellow was in such a rage at the honest man's
thrusting him away, that he turned upon him with a
pole he had in his hand; and had not the man avoided
the blow very nimbly, and run into the hut, he had
ended his daysat once, His comrade, seeing the dan-
ger they were both in, ran in after him, and immedi-
ately they caiie both out with their muskets; and the
man that was first struck at with the pole knocked
the fellow down who began the quarrel with the stock
of his musket, and that before the other two could
come to help him; and then seeing the rest come at
them, they stood together, and presenting the other
ends of their pieces to them, bade them stand off.
The others had fire arms with them too; but one
of the two honest men, bolder than his comrade, and
made desperate by his danger, told them if they of-
fered io move hand or foot they were all dead men,
and boldly commanded them to lay down their arms.
They did not indeed lay down their arms; but see-
ing him resolute, it brought them to a parley, and
they consented to take their wounded man with them,
and be gone: and, indeed, it seems the fellow was
wounded sufficiently with the blow : however, they
were much in the wrong, since they had the advan-
tage, that they did not disarm them effectually, as
they might haye done, and have gone immediately to
the Spaniards, and given them an account how the
rogues had treated them; for the three villians studio.

died nothing but revenge and every day gave them
some intimation that they did so.
But not to crowd this part with an account of the
lesser part of their rogueries, such as treading down
their corn, shooting three young kids and a she goat,.
which the poor men had got to breed up tame for
their store; and in a word, i:.,u, ,i.i. night and
day in this manner, it force 1. rl- .. r.n,, to such a
desperation, that they resolved to fight them all three
the first time they had a fair opportunity. In order
to this they resolved to go to the castle, as they called
it, that was my old dwelling, where the three rogues
and the Spaniards all lived together at that time, in-
tending to have a fair battle, and the Spaniards should
stand by to see fair play. So they gotup in the morn-
ing before day, and came to the place, and called the
Englishmen by their names, telling a Spaniard that
answered, that they wanted to speak with them.
It happened that the day before two of the Spa-
niards, having been in the woods, had seen one of the
two Englishmen, whom for distinction, I call the
honest men; and he had made a sad complain to the
Spaniards, of the barbarous usage they had met with
from their three countrymen, and how they had ruin-
ed their plantation, and destroyed their corn, that they
had laboured so hard to bring forward, and killed
the milch-goat, and their three kids, which was all they
had provided for their sustenance: and that if he and
his friends meaning the Spaniards did not assist them
again, they should be starved. When the Spaniards
came home at night, and they were all at supper, he
took the freedom to reprove the three Englishmen,
though in gentle and mannerly terms, and asked them,
how they could be so cruel, they being harmless in-
offensive fellows, and that they were putting them-
selves in a way to subsist by their labour, and that it
had cost them a great deal of pains to bring things to
such perfection as they had ?
One of the Englishmen returned very briskly "what
had they to do there ? That they came on shore with.

put leave, and that they should not plant or build upon
the island; it was none of their ground."-" Why,"
says the Spaniard, very calmly, Seignior, Inglese,
they must not starve." The Englishman replied, like
a true rough-hewn tarpaulin, they might starve and
be d-ed, they should not plant nor build in that
place."-" But what must they do then, Seignoir ?"
says the Spaniard. Another of the brutes returned,
" Do d-n them, they should be servants, and work
for them."-" But how can you expect that of them?
they are not bought with your money; you have no
right to make them servants." The Englighman an-
swered, The island was theirs, the governor had
given it to them, and no man had any thing to do there
but themselves;" and with that swore by his Maker,
that he would go and burn all their new huts; they
should build none upon their land.
Why, Seignoir" says the Spaniard, by the same
rule, we must be your servants too."-" Ay," says
the bold dog, and so you shall too, before we have
done with you;" mixing two or three G-d d-mme's
in the proper intervals of his speech. The Spaniard
only smiled at that, and made him no answer. How-
ever, this little discourse had heated them ; and start-
ing up, one says to the other, I think it was he they
called Will Atkins, Come, Jack, let us go and have
the other brush with them ; we will demolish their
castle, I will warrant you; they shall plant no colony
in our dominions."
Upon this they were all trooping away, with every
nan agun, a pistol, and a sword, and muttered some
insolent things among themselves, of what they would
do to the Spaniards too, when opportunity offered,
but the Spaniards. it seems, did not so perfectly ur.
derstand them., as to know all the particulars; onl
that, in general, they threatened them hard for taking
the two Englishmen's part.
Whither they went, or how they bestowed their time
that evening, the Spaniards '.] li .. ,i;w.l r. know;
but it seems the' wandered I.i r. .,,r,,.y part of

the night; and then lying down in the place which I
used to call my bower, they were weary, and overslept
themselves. The case was this: they had resolved to
stay r.ll ,.., ,,I..1T, and so take the poor men when
they I .'-: '.!*.'*', and they acknowledged it after-
wards, i.,I.i.i.L, to set fire to their huts while they
.were in them, and either burn them in them, or mur-
der them as they came out; and, as malice seldom
'sleeps very sound, it was very strange they should
not have been kept waking.
However, as the two men had also a design upon
them, as I have said, though a much fairer one than
-i, t .:.1i-.,',i .. n i,1 1.i I. aing, it happened, and very
,,. i..(1 r:... II.. ,,i ll,rI,?r 0.. ;were up,and goneabroad,
:. .. I,, LI,, ] l ., ....... .,l,:,. .3gues cam e to their huts.
When they came thither, and found the men gone,
Atkins who it seems was the forwardest man, called
out to his comrades, Ha! Jack, here's the nest; but
d-n them, the birds are flown." They mused awhile
to think what should be the occasion of their being
gone abroad so soon, and suggested presently that the
Spaniards had given them notice of it; and with that
they shook hands, and swore to one another, that they
would be revenged of the Spaniards. As soon as
they had made this bloody bargain, they fell to work
with the poor men's habitation; they did not set fire
indeed to any thing, but they pulled down both their
houses, and pulled them so limb from limb, that they
left not the least stick standing, or scarce -i- -.;:' ..',
the ground where they stood ; they tore all Ti,. ., !I1 -
collected household-stuff in pieces, and threw every
thing about in such a manner, that the poor men
found, afterwards, some of their things a mile oft
orom their habitation.
When they had done this, they pulled up all the
young trees which the poor men had planted; pulled
up the enclosure they had made to secure their cattle
and their corn; and, in a word, sacked and plunder-
ed every thing, as completely as a herd of Tartars
would have done.

The two men were at this juncture gone to find
them out, and had resolved to fight them wherever
they had been, though they were but two to three; so
that, had they met, there certainly would have been
bloodshed among them : for they were all very stout,
resolute fellows, to give them their due.
But Providence took more care to keep them asun-
der, than they themselves could do to meet: for as
they had dogged one another, when the three were
gone thither,the two were here; and afterwards, when
the two went back to find them, the three were come
to the old habitation ';,, e shall see their differ-
ing conduct presently i\Vh l.. the three came back,
like furious creatures, flushed with the rage which the
work they had been about put them into, they came
up to the Spaniards, and told them what they had
done by way of scoff and bravado ; and one of them
stepping up to one of the Spaniards, as if they had
been a couple of boys at play, takes hold of his hat,
as it was upon his head, and giving it a twirl about,
fleering in his face, says he to him, And you, Seig-
nior Jack Spaniard, shall have the same saice, if you
do not .,ir.1 i. -I ... .. ners." The Spaniard, who,
though q Iu .- ,- I ,. ~1, was as brave as a man could
desire to be, and withal a strong well-made man, look-
ed steadily at him for a good while; and then, having
no weapon in his hand, stepped gravely up to him,
and with one blow of his fist knocked him down, as
an ox is felled with a pole-axe; at which one of the
rogues insolent as the first, fixed his pistol at the Spa-
niard immediately ; he missed his body indeed, for
the bullets went through his hair, but one of them
touched the tip of his ear, and he bled pretty much,
The blood made the Spaniard believe he was more
hurt than he really was, and that put him into some
heat, for before he acted all in a perfectcalm; but now
resolving to ,': I.,..ugh with his work, he stooped
and took the !i.. '* musket whom he had knocked
down and was just going to shoot the man who had
fixed at him; when the rest of the Spaniards, being in

the cave, came out, and calling to him not to shoot,
they stepped in, secured the other two, and took their
arms from them.
When they were thus disarmed, and found they had
made all the Spaniards their enemies, as well as their
Own countrymen, they began to cool; and giving the
Spaniards better words, would have had their arms
again; but the Spaniards, considering the feud that
was between them and the other two Englishmen, and
hat it would be the best method they could take to
keep them from one another, told them they would
do them no harm; and if they would live peaceably
they would be very willing to assist and associate with
them, as they did before; but that they could not
think of giving them their arms again, while they ap-
peared so resolved to do mischief with them to their
own countrymen, and had even threatened them all
to make them their servants.
The rougues were now more capable to hear reason
than to act reason ; but being refused their arms, they
went raving away, and raging like madmen, threaten.
ing what they would do,though they had no fire-arms:
but the Spaniards, despising their threatening, told
them they should take care how they offered any in-
jury to their plantation or cattle; for if they did, they
would shoot them, as they would do ravenous beasts,
wherever they found them; and if they fell into their
hands alive, they would certainly be hanged. How-
ever, this was far from cooling them ; but away they
went, swearing and raging like furies of hell. As
soon as they were gone, came back the two men in
passion and rage enough also, though of another kind;
for having been at their plantation, and finding it all
demolished and destroyed, as above, it will easily be
supposed they had provocation enough ; they could
scarce have room to tell their tale, the Spaniards were
so eager to tell them theirs; and it was strange enough
to find, that three men should thus bully nineteen, and
recieve no punishment at all.
The Spaniards indeed despised them, and especi

ally having thus disarmed them, made light of their
threatening; but the two Englishmen resolved to
have their remedy against them, what pains soever it
cost to find them out.
But the Spaniards interposed here too, and told
them, that they were already disarmed : they could
not consent that they (the two) should pursue them
with fire-arms, and perhaps kill them : But," said
thegrave Spaniard, who was their governor," we will
endeavour to make them do you justice, if you will
leave it to us; for, as there is no doubt but they will
come to us again when their passion is over, being
not able to subsist without ou'r assistance, we promise
you to make no peace with them, without having a
full satisfaction for you; and upon this condition we
hope you will promise to use no violence with them,
other than in your defence."
The two Englishmen yielded to this very awkward
ly, and with great reluctance ; but the Spaniards pro-
tested, they did it only to keep them from bloodshed,
and to make all easy at last; "For," said they, we
are not so many of us; here is room enough for us all,
a : i .- i'r should r. .t i..: ii ,. .:.1 f .i ,; i "
A t l- 1 I 1 i- ,1' l 'I sent, arl I .I 1-... I :'ie
of the thing, living for some days with the Spaniards;
for their own habitation was destroyed.
In about five days time the three vagrants, tired
wit, .,,...,;, ....1 -,h,,,.* ,. ,,..j ,;,,...,.,-

back.to the grove; and finding my Spaniard, who, as
I have said, was th. ..... and two more with
him, walking by the .'. ..' ,I .;reek; they came.up
in a very submissive humble manner, and begged to
be received again into the family. The Spaniards
used them civilly, but told them, they had acted so
unnaturally by their countrymen, and so very grossly
by them, (the Spaniards) that they could not come to
any conclusion without consulting the two English-
men, and the rest; but however they would go to

them, and discourse about it, and they should kpow
in half an hour. It may be guessed that they were
very hard put to it; for it seems, as they were to wait
this half-hour for an answer,' they begged he would
send them out some bread in the meantime; which
he did, and sent them, at the same time a large piece
of goat's flesh, and a broiled parfot, which they ate
very heartily, for they were hungry enough.
After half an hour's consultation they were called
in, and a long debate had about them, their two coun-
trymen t i-',I I, ri,.. with the ruin of all their lai
hour, and a design to murder them ; all v hich ti' Y
owned before, and therefore could not ca-ny n ;..r I
upon the whole, the Spaniards acted the moderators
between them; and as they had obliged the two Eng..
lishmen not to hurt the three, while they were naked
and unarmed, so they now obliged the three to go and
rebuild their fellows' two huts, one to be of'the same
dimensions, and the other larger than they were be,
fore; also to fence their ground again,where they had
pulled up the fences, plant trees in the room of those
pulled up, dig up the land again for planting corn,
where they had spoiled it ; and in a word, to restore
every thing in the same state as they found it, as near
as they could ; for entirely it could not be, the season
for the corn, and the growth of the trees and hedges,
not being possible to be recovered.
Well, they all submitted to this ; and as they had
plenty of provisions given them all the while, they
grew very orderly, and the whole society began to live
-pleasantly and agreeably together again ; only that
these three fellows could never be persuaded to work;
I mean, not for themselves, except now and then a
little, just.as they pleased; however, the Spaniards
told them plainly, that if they would but live sociably
and friendly together, and study in the whole the
good of the plantation, they would be content to work
for them, and let them walk about and be as idle as
they pleased; and thus having lived pretty well toge-
voL. 1. 4 C

other for a month or two, the Spaniards gave them their
arms again, and gave them liberty to go abroad with
them as before.
It was not above a week after they had these arms,
and went abroad, but the ungrateful creatures began
to be as insolent and troublesome as before; but how-
ever, an accident happened presently upon this,which
endangered the safety of them all; they were obliged
to lay by all private resentments, and look to the pre-
servation of their lives.
It happened one night, that the Spaniard governor,
as I call him, that is to say, the Spaniard whose life
-I had saved, who was now the captain, or leader or
governor of the rest, found himself very uneasy il the
night and could by no means get any sleep: he was
perfectly well in body, as he told me the story, only
found his thoughts tumultuous; his mind ran upon
men fighting and killing one another, but was broad
awake, and could not by any means get any sleep; in
short, he lay a great while; but growing more and
more uneasy, he resolved to rise: as they lay, being
so many of them, upon goat-skins laid thick upon
such couches and pads as they made for themselves,
and not in hammocks and ship-beds, as I did,'wha
was but one, so they had little to do, when they were
willing to rise, but to get up upon their feet, and per-
haps put on a coat, such as it was, and their pumps,
and they were ready for going any way that their
thoughts guided them.
Being thus gotten up, he looked out; but, being
dark, he could see little or nothing; and besides, the
trees which I had planted, as in my former Account
is described, and which were now grown tall, inter-
cepted his sight, so that he could only look up, and see
that it was a clear star-light night; and hearing no
noise, he returned and laid him down again; but it
was all one, he could not sleep, nor could he compose
himself to any thing like rest, but his thoughts were to
the last degree uneasy, and yet he knew not for what

Having made some noise with rising and walking
about going out and coining in, another of them wak-
ed, and, calling, asked who it was that was up ? The
governor told him how it had been with him. Say
you so ?" says the other Spaniard; such things are
not to be slighted, I assure you ; there is certainly
some mischief working," says he, "near us ;" and
presently he asked him, "Where are the English-
men ?"-" They are all in their huts," says he, safe
enough." It seems, the Spaniards had kept posses-
sion of the main apartment, and had made a place,
where the three Englishmen, since their last mutiny,
always quartered by themselves, and could not come
at the rest. Well," says the Spaniard, there is
something in it, I am persuaded from my own expe-
rience; I am satisfied our spirits embodied have con-
verse with, and receive intelligence from, the spirits
unembodied, and inhabiting the invisible world ; and
This friendly notice is given for our advantage, if we
know how to make use of it. Come," says he, let
us go out and look abroad; and if we find nothing at
all in it to justify our trouble, I'll tell you a story to
tihe purpose that shall convince you of the justice of
my proposing it."
In a word, they went out to go to the top of the
hill, where I used to go ; but they being strong, and
in good company, nor alone, as I was, used none of
my cautions to go up by the ladder, and then pulling
it.up after them, to go up a second stage, to the top,
but were going round through the grove unconcerned
and unwary, when they were surprised with seeing a
light as of a fire, a very little way off from them, and
hearing the voices of men, not of one or two but of a
great number.
In all the discoveries I had made of the savages
landing on the island, it was my constant care to pre-
vent them making the least discovery of there being
any inhabitant upon the place ; and when by any ne-
cessity they came to know it, they felt it so effect.
ally, that they that got away, were scarce able to give

any account of it, for we disappeared as soon as pos.
sible, nor did ver, any that had seen me, escape' to
tell any one else, except it were the three savages in
our last encounter, who jumped into the boat, ofwhom
I mentioned that I was afraid they should go home,
and bring more help.
Whether it was the consequence of the escape of
those men that so great a number came now toge-
ther; or whether they came ignorantly, and by acci-
dent, on their usual bloody errand,the Spaniards could
not, it seems, understand : but whatever it was, it had
been their business, either to have concealed them-
selves, and not have seeri them at all; much less to
have let the savages have seen, that there were any
inhabitants in the place ; but to have fallen upon them
so effectually, as that not a.man of them should have
escaped, which could only have been by getting in
,Lbtween them and their boats : but this presence of
mind was wanting to them : which was the ruin of
their ;rt' .'l.- ;,; f .. great while.
We in..ed .1 Ir .1..j1, but that the governor, and the
man with him, surprised with this sight, ran back im-
mediately, and raised their fellows, giving them an
account of the imminent danger, they were all in; and
they again as readily took the alarm, but it was im-
possible to persuade them to stay close within where
they were, but.that they must all run out to see how
things stood.
While it was dark indeed, they were well enough,
and they had opportunity enough, for some hours, to
view them by the light of three fires they had made
at some distance from one another; what they were
doing they knew not, and what to do themselves they
knew not; for, first, the enemy were too many; and,
secondly, they did not keep together, but were divid-
ed into several parties, and were on shore in several
The Spaniards were in no small consternation at
this sight; and as they found that the fellows ran strag-
gling all over the shore, they nade no doubt, but,

first or last, some of them would chop in upon their
habitation,or upon some other place,where they would
see the tokens-of inhabitants; and they were in great
perplexity also for fear of their flock of goats, which
would have been little less than starving them, if they
should have been destroyed; so the first thing they re-
solved upon, was to dispatch three men away before
it was light, vix. two Spaniards and one Englishman,
to drive al1 the goats away to the great valley where
the cave was, and, if need were, to drive tnem into
the very cave itself.
Could they have seenthe savages all together in obe
body and at a distance from their canoes, they re
solved, if there had been an hundred of them, to have
attacked them ; but that could not be obtained, for
there were some of them two miles off from the other,
and, as it appeared afterwards, were of two different
After having mused a great while on the course
they should take, and beaten their brains in consider-
ing their present circumstances, they resolved at last,
while it was dark, to send the old savage (Friday's
father) out as a spy, to learn if possible something
concerning them,aswhat they came for, and what they
intended to do, and the like. The old man readily
undertook it, and stripping himself quite naked, as
most of the savages were, away he went. After he
had been gone an hour or two, he brings word that
he had been among them undiscovered, that he found
they were two parties and of two several nations,
who had war with one another, and had had a great
battle in their own country, and that both sides having
had several prisoners taken in the fight, they were by
mere chance landed in the same island for the devour-
ing their prisoners, and making merry; but their
corning so by chance to the same place had spoiled all
their mirth; that they were in a great rage at one an-
other, and were so near, that he believed they would
fight again as soon as daylight began to appear; but
he did not perceive that they had any notion of any

body's being on the island but themselves. He had
hardly made an end of telling the story, when they
could perceive, by the unusual noise they made, that
the two little armies were engaged in a bloody fight.
Friday's father used all the arguments he could to
persuade our people to lie close, and not be seen;
he told them their safety consisted in it, and that they
had nothing to do but to lie still, and the savages
would kill one another to their hands, and the rest
would go away; and it was so to a tittle. But it was
impossible to prevail, especially upon the Englishmen,
their curiosity was so importunate upon their pruden-
tials, that they must run out and see the battle; how-
ever, they used some caution, viz. they did not go
openly just by their own dwelling, but went farther
into the woods, and placed themselves to advantage,
where they might securely see them manage the fight,
and, as they thought, not to be seen by them; but it
seems the savages did see them, as we shall find here-
The battle was very fierce, and ifl might believe
the Englishmen, one of them said he could perceive
that some of them were men of great bravery, of in-
vincible spirits, and of great policy in guiding the
fight. The battle, they said, held two hours before
they could guess which party would be beaten; but
then that party which was nearestourpeople's habita-
tion began to appear weakest, and, after some time
more, some of them began to fly; and this put our
men again into a great consternation, lest any of those
that fled should run into the grove before their dwell-
ing for shelter, and thereby involuntarily discover the
place, and that by consequence the pursuers should
do the like in search of them. Upon this they re-
solved, that they would stand armed within the wall,
and whoever came into the grove they should sally
out over the wall, and kill them, so that if possible
not one should return to give an account of it; they
ordered also, that it should be done with their swords,
or by knocking them down with the stock of the

musket, not by shooting them, for fear of raising an
alarm by the noise.
As they expected it fell out: three of the routed
army fled for life, and crossing the creek ran directly
into the place, not in the least knowing whither they
went, but running as into a thick wood for-shelter.
The scout they kept to look abroad gave notice of this
within, with this addition to our men's great satisfac-
tion, viz. that the conquerors had not pursued them,
or seen which way they were gone. Upon this the
Spaniard governor, a man of humanity, would not
suffer them to kill the three fugitives; but sending
three men out by the top of the hill, ordered them to
go round and come in behind them, surprise and take
them prisoners; which was done: the residue of the
conquered people fled to their canoes, and got off to
sea; the victors retired, and made no pursuit, or very
little, but drawing themselves into a body together,
gave two great screaming shouts, which they supposed
were by way of triumph, and so the fight ended; and
the same day, about three o'clock in the afternoon,
they also marched to their canoes. And thus the
Spaniards had their island again free to themselves,
their fright was over, and they saw no savages in se-
veral years after.
After they were all gone, the Spaniards came out of
their den, and viewing the field of battle, they found
about two-and-thirty dead men upon the spot ; some
werr killed with great long arrows, several of which
were found sticking in their bodies. hut most of them
were killed with their great wooden swords, sixteen
or seventeen of which they found in the field of battle,
and as many i... .. I 1 ,- II ..'.ny arrows. These
swords were 11 iL ', II. I ., and 11- i.., i i"
very strong n Iliithl u:L[ .-I i i-.. most i. II,:-I
that were killed with them had their heads mashed to
pieces, as we may say, or, as we call it in English,
their brains knocked out, and several of their arms
and legs broken; so that it is evident they fight with
in, --.r..;ii rage and fiury. They found not one

wbtinded .man that was not stone dead; for either
'they stay by their enemy till they have quite killed
themn, Or they carry all the wounded men, that are not
quite dead, away with them.
This deliverance tamed our Englishmen for a great
while; the sight had filled them with horror, and the
consequence appeared terrible to the last degree, espe-
cially upon supposing that some time or other they
should fall into the hands of .those creatures, who
would not only kill them as enemies, but kill them for
food as we kill our cattle. 'And they professed to me,
Itat thl tlljj'.-li C tI r.., eaten up like beef or mut-
lt:n, thou: i i.ai 3 I'p.....J it was not to be till they
were dead, had something in it so horrible that it nau-
seated their very stomachs, made them sick when they
thought of it, and filled their minds with unusual terror,
that they were not themselves for some weeks after.
This, as I said, tamed even the three English brutes
I have been speaking of, and for a great while after
they were very tractable, and vx' ai..,j li, r.,.
mol business of the whole soc ,~t t :ll 11 ;7:. .i
planted, sowed, reaped, and began to be all natural-
ized to the country; but some time after this they fell
all into such simple measures again as brought them
into a great deal of trouble.
'They had taken three prisoners, as I had observed;
stand these liree being lusty stout young fellows, they
niJade t&Uln servants, and- taught them to work for
thern, al..J as slaves they did well enough; but they
did r.-.. Iu w their measures with them as I did bymy
knan Friday, viz. to begin with them upon the princi
ple of having saved their lives, and then instructed
them in the rational principles of life, much less of
religion, civilizing and reducing them by kind usage
and affectionate arguing; but as they gave them their
food every day, so they gave them their work too, and
'kep them fully employed in drudgery enough; but
they failed in this by it, that they never had them to
resist 'them and fight for them as I had my man Fri

day, whlp was as true to me as the very flesh upon my
But to come to the family part: Being all i j goo,]
friends (for common danger, as I said aLt.i., had
effectually reconciled them,) they began to consider
their general circumstances; and the first thing that
came under their consideration was, whether, seeing
he savagesparticularly haunted that side of the island,
and that there were more remote and retired parts of
t equally adapted to their way of living, and mani-
festly to their. advantage, they should not rather re-
move their habitation, and plant in some more proper
place for.their safety, and especially for the security
of their cattle and corn.
Upon this, after long debate, it was conceived that
they should not remove their habitation, because that
some time or other they thought they might hear from
their governor again, meaning me; and if I should
send any one to seek them, I would be sure to direct
them on that side, where if they should find the place
demolished they would conclude the savages had
killed us all, and we were gone,'and so our supply
would go away too.
But as to their corn and cattle they agreed to.re-
move them into the valley where my cave was, where
the land was as proper to both, and where indeed
there was lan~ enough; however,upon secondthoughts
they altered one part of that resolution too, and re-
solved only to remove part of their cattle thither, and
plant part of their corn there; and so, if one part was
destroyed, the other might be saved; and one piece of
prudence they used, which it was very well they did ;
viz. that they never trusted these three savages, which
they had taken prisoners, with knowing any thing of
the plantation they had made in that valley, or of any
cattle they had there; much less of the cave there,
which they kept in case of necessity as a safe retreat;
and thither they carried also the two barrels of pow-
der which I had left them at my coming Away.

But however they resolved not to change their ha-
bitation; yet they agreed, that as I had carefully co-
vered it first with a wall and fortification, and then
with a grove of trees; so seeing their safety consisted
entirely in therr being concealed, of which they were
now fully convinced, they set to work to cover and
conceal the place yet more effectually than before: to
this purpose, as I had planted trees or rather thrust in
stakes which in time all grew to be trees) for some
good distance before the entrance into my apartment,
they went on in the same manner, and filled up the
rest of that whole space of ground, from the trees I
had set quite down to the side of the creek, where, as
I said, I landed my floats, and even into the very ouze
where the tide flowed, not so much as leaving any
place to land ; or any sign that there had been any
landing thereabout. These stakes also being of a
wood very forward to grow, as I had noted formerly,
they took care to have generally very much larger and
taller than those which I had planted, and placed them
so very thick and close, that when they had been three
or four years grown, there was no piercing with the
eye any considerable way into the plantation. As for
that part which-I had planted, the trees were grown
as thick as a man's thigh ; and among them they
placed so many other short ones, and so thick, that,
in a word, it stood like a palisado a quarter of a mile
thick, and it was next to impossible to penetrate it but
with a little army to cut it all down ; for a little dog
could hardly get between the trees, they stood so close.
But this was not all; for they did the same by all
the ground to the right hand, and to the left, and
round even to the top of the hill, leaving no way, not
so much as for themselves to come out, but by the
ladder placed up to the side of the hill, and then lifted
up and placed again from the first stage up to the top;
which ladder, when it was taken down, nothing but
what had wings or witchcraft to assist it, could come
at them.

This was excellently well contrived, nor was it less
than what they afterwards found occasion for; which
served to convince me that as human prudence has
authority of Providence to justify it, so it has, doubt-
less, the direction,of Providence to set it to work, and,
would we listen carefully to the voice of it, I am fully
persuaded we might prevent many of the disasters
which our lives are now by our own negligence sub-
jected to : but'this by the way.
I return to the story : They lived two years after
this in perfect retirement, and had no more visits from
the savages ; they had indeed an alarm given them
one morning, which put them in great consternation:
for some of the Spaniards being out early one morn-
ing on the west side, or rather end of the island,
which, by the way, was that end where I never went,
for fear of being discovered, they were surprised with
seeing above twenty canoes of Indians justcoming on
They made the best of their way home in hurry
enough, and, giving the alarm to their comrades, they
kept close all that day and the next, going out only at
night to make observation; but they had the good
luck to be. mistaken, for wherever the savages went,
they did not land at that time on the island,.but pur-
sued some other design.
And now they had another broil with the three
Englishmen, one of which, a most turbulent fellow,
being in a rage at one of the three slaves which I men-
tioned they had taken,because the fellow had not done
something right which he bid him do, and seemed a
little intractable in his shewing him, drew a hatchet
out of a rfi',;1 ei, in which he bore it by his side, and
ell upon him, the poor savage, not to correct him bu
o kill him. One of the Spaniards who was by, seeing
him give the fellow a barbarous cut with the hatchet,
which he aimed at his head, but struck into his
shoulder, so that he thought he had cut the poor crea-
ture's arm off, ran to him, and entreating him not to

murder the poor man, clapt in between him and the
savage to prevent the mischief.
The fellow being enraged the more at this, struck
at the Spaniard with his hatchet, and swore he would
serve him as he intended to serve the savage; which
the Spaniard perceiving, avoided the blow, and with a
shovel which he had in his hand (for they were work
ing in the field about the corn-land) knocked the brute-
down; another of the Englishmen running at the same
time to help his comrade knocked the Spaniard down,
and then two Spaniards more came to help their man,
and a third Englishman fell upon them. They had
none of them any fire-arms, or any other weapons but
hatchets and other tools, except the thirdEnglishman;
he had one of my old rusty cutlasses, with which he
made at the last Spaniards and wounded them both.
This fray set the whole family in an uproar, and more
help coming in they took the three Englishmen pri-
soners. The next question was, whatshould be done
with them ? they had been so often mutinous, and
were so furious, so desperate, and so idle withal, that
ti, v kint u i..'' an I ....- rc t. ial..: 1. ii h them, for they
.:rie nItl. :l'l :" ,: : i r.. II -l.; :t ,C-,I e, and valued
rot IT iat hurt Ih ihl ,r.xi ri ., j 'hat, in short, it
U E o 1 1 31s Ii I. 1. t. iII L[.. rl,
Tie sp:n ..).d i,:, o. -j.-iii, d them in so
inanl nlid. l'tai ii in had been his own country-
m..r. he auul. Ir, e. .I ,..I them all; for all lawsand
all governors were to preserve society, and those who
were dangerous to the society ought to be expelled out
of it; but as they were Englishmen, and that it was
to the generous kindness of an EnglishmnI that they
all owed their preservation and deliveranee, he would
use them with all possible lenity, and would leave
them to the judgment of the other two Englishmen,
who were their countrymen.
One of the two honest Englishmen stood.up, and
said they desired it might not be left to hem ;" For,"
says he, "I am sure we ought t.o i., .. e r il..,t- an irhe
gallows ;" and within that gives ti. .,i ri \''1

Atkins, one of the three, had proposed to have all the
five Englishmen join together and murder all the
Spaniards when they were in their sleep.
When the Spanish governor heard this, he calls to
Will Atkins: How, Seiginor Atkins," says he,
will you murder us all ? what have you to say to
that?" That hardened.villain was so far from denying
it, that lie said it was true, and G-d d-mn him they
would do it still before they had done with them.
Well, but Seiginor Atkins," said the Spaniard,
"what have we done to you that you will kill us ?
And what would you get by i...Ill,: us ? And what
siust we do to prevent your killi., i ? Must we kill
you, or will you kill us? Why will you put us to the
necessity of this Seignior Atkins?" says the Spaniard
very calmly and Smiling.
Seignior Atkins was in such a rage at the Spaniard's
making ajest of it, that had he not been held by three
men, and withal had no weapons with him, it was
thought he would have attempted to have killed the
Spaniard in the middle of all the company.
This harebrained carriage obliged them to consider
seriously what was to be done The twoEnglishmen
and the Spaniard who saved the poor savage, were of
opinion that theyshoulc i .' i r.,i f ihe liili fur
an example to the rest; iJ s. [ pit..:,i irlj i sl.:.uIl
be he that had twice attempted to commitmurder with
his hatchet; and indeed there was some reason to be-
lieve he had done it, torthe poor savage was in such
a miserable condition with the wound lie had receiv-
ed, that it was.thought he could not live.
But the governor Spaniard still said, no, it was an
Englishman that had saved all their lives, and he
would tiever consent to put an Englishman to death
though he had murdered half of them ; nay, 'he said
.if he had been killed himself by an Englishman, and
had time left to speak, it should be that they should
pardon 'lim.
This was so positively insisted on by the governor
Spaniard,'i... land as mer-

ciful councils are most apt to prevail, where they are
so earnestly pressed, so they all came into it; but then
it was to be considered what should be done to keep
them from the mischief they desired; Ifor all agreed,
governor and all, that means were to be used for pre-
serving the society from danger. After a long debate
it was agreed that, first, they-should be disarmed, and
not permitted to have either gun, or powder, or shot,
or sword, or any weapon, and should be turned out
of the society, and left to live where they would, and
how they could by themselves; but that.none of the
rest, either Spaniards, or English should converse with
them, speak with them, or have any thing to do with
them; that they should be forbid to come within a
certain distance of the place where the rest dwelt i and
that if they offered to commit any disorder, so as to
spoil, burn, kill, or destroy any of the corn, plantings,
buildings, fences, or cattle belonging to the society,
that they should die without mercy, and would shoot
them wherever they could find them.
The governor, a man of great humanity, musing
r,.uon il,- sentence, considered a little upon it, and
turning to the two honest Englishman, said, Hold,
you must reflect, that it will be longer they can raise
corn and cattle of their own,and they must not starve;
we must" therefore allow them provisions." So he
caused to be added,ihat they should have a proportion
of corn given them to last them eight months, and'for
seed to sow, by which time they might be supposed to
raise some of their own ; that they should have six
milch-goats, four he-goats, and six kids given them, as
well for present subsistence as for a store ; and that
they should have tools given them for their work in
the field; such as six hatchets, an axe, a saw, and the
like : but they should have none of these tools or pro-
visions unless they would swear solemnly that they
would not hurt or injure any of the Spaniards with
them or their fellow Englishmen.
Thus they dismissed them the society, and turned
them out to shift for themselves. They went away

sullen and refractory, as neither contented to go away
or to stay ; but as there was no remedy they went,
pretending to go and choose'a place where they should
settle themselves, to plant and live by themselves; and
some provisions were given, but no weapon's.
About four or five days after they came again for
some victuals, and gave the governor an account
where they had pitched their tents, and marked them-
selves out an habitation or plantation : it was a very
convenient place indeed, on the remotest part of the
island, N. E. much about the place where I providen-
tially landed in my first voyage when I was driven
out to sea, the Lord alone knows whither, in my
foolish attempt to surround the island.
Here they built themselves two handsome huts, and
contrived them in a manner like my first habitation,
being close under the side of a hill, having some trees
growing already to the three sides of it; so that by
planting others it would be very easily covered from
the sight unlessnarrowly searched for. They desired
some dry goat-skins for beds and covering, which
were given them ; and upon their giving their words
that they would not disturb the rest, or injure any of
their plantations they gave them hatchets, and what
other tools they could spare; some peas, barley, and
rice, for sowing, and, in a word, any thing they want-
ed but arms and ammunition.
They lived in this separate condition about six
months, and had got in their first harvest, though the
Quantity was but small, the parcel of land they had
planted being but little; for indeed having all their
plantation to form, they had a great deal of work upon
their hands and when they came to make boards,
and pots, and such things, they were quite out of their
element and could make nothing of it; and when the
rainy season came on, for want of a cave in the earth,
they could not.keep their grain dry, and it was in
great danger of spoiling: and this humbled them
much; so they came and begged the Spaniards to help
them, which they very readily did and in four days

worked a great hole in the side of the hill for them,
big enough to secure their corn and other things from
the rain: but it was buta poor place at best compar-
ed to mine; and especially as mine was then; for the
Spaniards had greatly enlarged it, and made several
new apartments in it.
About three quarters of a year after this separation
a new frolic took these rogues, which, together with
the former villany they had committed, brought mis-
chief enough upon them, and had very near been the
ruin of the whole colony. The three new associates
began, it seems, to be weary of the laborious life they
led, and that without hope of bettering their circum-
stances; and a whim took them that they could make
a voyage to the continent from whence the savages
came, and would try if they could not seite upon some
prisoners among the natives there, and bring them
home, so as to make them do the laborious part of
the work for them.
The project was not so preposterous if they had
gone no farther; but th. ... i,...i.;.., and proposed
nothing but had either r.-: *..,. *.. it- design or mis-
chief in the event; and if I may give my opinion,
they seemed to be under a blast from Heaven ; for if
we ill not allow a visible curse to pursue visible
- crimess, how shall we reconcile the events of things
with divine justice ? It was certainly an apparent veni
geance on their crime of mutiny and piracy that
brought them to the state they were in ; and as they
shewed not the least remorse for the criime, but added
new villanies to it, such as particularly that piece of
monstrous cruelty of wounding a poor slave because
he did not, or perhaps could not understand to do what
he was directed, and to wound him in such a manner
as, no question, made him a cripple all his life, and in
a place where no.surgeon or medicine could be had
for his cure; and what was still worse, the murderous
intent, or, to do justice to the crime, the intentional
murder, for such to be sure it was, as was afterwards

the formed design they all laid to murder the Span,
iards in cold blood, and in their sleep.
But I leave observing, and return to the story
The three fellows came down to the Spaniards one
morning, and in very humble terms desired to be ad,
mitted'to speak with them; the Spaniards very readily
heard what they had tosay, which was this, that they
were tired of living in the manner they did, that they
were not handy enough to make the necessaries they
wanted-; and that, having no help, they found they
should be starved : but if the Spaniards would give
them leave to take one of the caboes which they came
over in, and give them arms and ammunition propor-
tioned for their defence, they would go over to the
main, and seek their fortune, and so deliver them
from the trouble of supplying them with any other
The Spaniards were glad enough to be rid of them;
but yet very honestly represented to them the certain
destruction they were running into ; told them they
had suffered such hardships upon that very spot that
they could, without any spirit of prophecy, tell them
that they would be starved or murdered, and bade
them consider of it.
Themen replied andaciously,they should bestarved
if they stayed here, for they could not work, and
would not work; and they could but be starved
abroad ; and they were murdered, there was an end
of them, they had no wives or children to cry after
them; and, in short, insisted importunately upon their
demand, declaring that they would go, whether they
would give them dny arms or no.
The Spaniards told them with great kindness, that
if they were resolved to go, they should not go ,like
naked men, and be in no condition to defend them,
selves, and that though they could ill spare their fire,
arms, having not enough for themselves, yet they
would let them have two muskets, a pistol, and a cut,
lass, and each man a hatchet, which 'i-y i' ithi1,'.
ficient for them. 5

In a word, they accepted the offer,, and having
baked them bread enough to serve them a month, and
given them as much goat'sflesh asthey could eat while
it was sweet, and a great basket full of dried grapes,
a pot full of fresh water, and a young kid alive to
kill, they boldly set out in a canoe for a voyage ovex
the sea, where it was at least forty miles broad.
The boat was indeed a large one, and would have
very well carried fifteen or twenty men, and therefore
was rather too big for them to manage; but as they
had a fair breeze and the flood-tide with them, they
did well enough; they had made a mast of a long
pole, and a sail of four large goat-skins dried, which
they had sewed or laced together; and away they
went merrily enough; the Spaniardscalled after them,
"'Bon ,veajo;" and no man ever thought of seeing
them any more.
The Spaniards would often say to one another, and
the two honest Englishmen who remained behind,
how quietly and comfortably they lived now those
three turbulent fellows were gone; as for their ever
coming again, that was the remotest thing from their
thoughts could be imagined; when, behold, after
twenty-two days absence, one of the Englishmen be-
ing abroad upon his planting work, sees three strange
men coming towards him at a distance, two of them
with guns upon their shoulders.
Away runs the Englishman, as if he was bewitched,
and became frighted and amazed, to the governor
Spaniard, and tells him they were all undone, for
there were strangers lauded upon the island, he could
not tell who. The Spaniard pausing awhile, says to
him, lHow doyou mean, you cannot tell who? They
are savages to be sure."-"No, no," :1.:, tle Eng-
lishman, "they are men in clothes, iib:'on '"--
"Nay then," says the Spaniard, why are you con.
cerned? If they are not savages, they must be friends;
for there is no Christian nation upon earth but will
do us good rather than harm."
While they were debating thus, came the three Eng.

lisumen, and standing without the wood which was
new-planted, hallooed to them; they presently knew
their voices, and so all the wonder of that kind ceas-
ed. But now the admiration was turned upon ano-
ther question, viz. What could be the matter, and
what made them come back again ?
It was not long before they brought the men in;
and inquiring where they had been, and whatthey had
been doing? they gave them a full account of their
voyage in a few words, viz. that they reached the land
in two days, or something less, but finding the people
alarmed at theircoming, and preparingwith bows and
arrows to fight them, they durst not go on shore, but
sailed on to the northward six or seven hours, till
they came to a great opening, by which they perceived
that the land they saw from our island was not the
main, but an island : that entering that opening of the
sea, they saw another island on the right hand north,
and several more west; and being resolved to land
somewhere, they put over to one of the islands which
lay west, and went boldly on shore; that they found
the people were courteous and friendly to them, and
they gave them several roots, and some dried fish,
and appeared very sociable: and the women, as well
as the men, were very forward to supply them with
any thing they could get for them to eat, and brought
it to them a great way upon their heads.
They continued here four days, and inquired, as
well as they could of them by signs, what nations
were this way, and that way; and were told of seve-
ral fierce and terrible people, that lived almost every
way; who, as they made known by signs to them,
used to eat men; but as for themselves, they said, that
they never ate men or women, except only such as
they took in the wars; and then they owned that they
made a great feast, and ate their prisoners.
The Englishmen inquired when they had a feast of
that kind, and they told them two moons ago, point-
ing to the moon, and then to two fingers; and that
their great king had two hundred prisoners now,

which he had taken in his war, and they were feed-
ing them to make them fat for the next feast. The
Englishmen seemed mighty desirous to see those pri-
soners,. but the others mistaking them, thought they
were desirous to have some of them to carry away for
Iheir own eating. So they beckoned to them, point-
ing to the setting of the sun, and then.to the rising;.
which was to signify, that the next morning at sun-
rising they would bring some for them; and accord-
ingly the next morning they brought down five women
and eleven men, and gave them to the Englishmen
to carry with them on their voyage, just as we would
bring so many cows and oxen down to a sea-port
town to victual a ship.
As brutish and barbarous as these fellows were at
home, their stomachs turned at this sight, and they did
not know wha to do; to refuse the prisoners would
have been the highest affront to the savage gentry that
offered them; and what to do with them they knew
not; however, upon some debate, they resolved to
accept of them; and in return they gave the savages
that brought them, one of their hatchets, an old key,
a knife, and six or seven of their bullets, which, though
they did not understand, they seemed extremely
pleased with ; and then tying the poor creatures' hands
behind them, they (the people) dragged the prisoners
into our boat for our men.
The Englishmen were obliged to come away as
soon as they had them, or else they that gave them
this noble present would certainly have expected that
they should have gone to work with them, have kill-
ed two or three of them the next morning, and per-
haps have invited the donors to dinner.
But having taken their leave with all the respect
and thanksthat could well pass between people,where,
on either side, they understood not one word they
could say, they put off with their boat, and came back
towards the first island, where when they arrived,
they set eight of their prisoners at liberty, there be ,g
too rany of them for their occasion.

In their voyage they endeavoured to have some
communication with their prisoners, but it was im-
possible to make them understand any thing; nothing
they could say to them, or give them, or do for them,
but was looked upon as going about to murder them:
they first of all unbound them, but the poor creatures
screamed at that, especially the women, as if they had
just felt the knife at their throats; for they immedi-
ately concluded they were unbound on purpose to be
If they gave them any thing to eat, it was the same
thing; then they concluded it was for fear they should
sink in flesh, and so not be fat enough to kill; if they
looked at one of them more particularly, the party
presently concluded it was to see whether he or she
was fattest and fittest to kill first; nay, after they had
brought them quite over, and began to use them kindly
and treat them well, still they expected every day to
make a dinner or supper for their new masters.
When the three wanderers had given this unaccount-
able history or journal of their voyage, the Spaniard
asked them where their new family was ? And being
told that they had brought them on shore, and put
them into one of their huts, and were come to beg
some victuals for them; they (the Spaniards) and the
other two Englishmen, that is to say, the whole co-
lony, resolved to go all down to the place and see
them, and did so, and Friday's father with them.
When they came into the hut, there they sat all
bound; for when they had brought them on shore
they bound their hands, that they might not take the
boat and make their escape; there, I say, they sat,
all of them stark naked. First, there were three men,
lusty, comely fellows, well shaped, straight and fair
limbs, about thirty or thirty-five years of age, and five
women; whereof two might be from thirty to forty,
two more not above twenty-four or twenty-five, and
the fifth, a tall, comely maiden, about sixteen or se-
venteen. The women were well favoured, agreeable
persons, both in shape and features, only tawny; and

two of them, had they been perfect white, would have
passed for handsome women, even in London itself,
having very pleasant, agreeable countenances, and of
a very modest behaviour, especially when they came
afterwards to be clothed, and dressed, as they called
it, though that dress was very indifferent it must be
confessed, of which hereafter.
The sight, you may be sure was something uncouth
to our Spaniards, who were (to give them a just cha-
racter) men of the best behaviour, of the most calm,
sedate tempers, and perfect good humour that ever I
met with; and, in particular, of the most modesty, as
will presently appear; I say the sight was very un-
couth, to see three naked men and five naked women,
all together, bound and in the most miserable circum-
stances that human nature could be supposed to be,
viz. to be expecting every moment to be dragged out,
and have their brains knocked out, and then to be
eaten up like a calf that is killed for a dainty.
The first thing they did was to cause the old Indian,
Friday's father, to go in and see first if he knew any
of them, and then if he understood any of their speech.
As soon as the old man came in, he looked seriously
at them, but knewnone of them; neither could any of
them understand a word he said, or a sign he could
make, except one of the women.
However, this was enough to answerthe end, which
was to satisfy them, that the men into whose hands
they were fallen were Christians; that they abhorred
eating of men or women, and that they might be sure
they would not be killed. As soon as they were as-
sured of this they discovered such a joy, and by such
awkward and several ways as is hard to describe, for
it seems they were of several nations.
The woman who was their interpreter was bid, in
the next place, to ask them if they were willing to be
servants, and to work for the men who had brought
them away to save their lives? At which they all fell
a-dancing; and presently one tell to taking up this,
and another that, any thing that lay next, to carr on

their shoulders, to intimate that lthy were v'illin tl
The governor who found that the having women
among them would presently be attended with some
inconveniency, and might occasion some strife, and
perhaps blood, asked the three men what they intend-
ed to do with these women, and how they intended
to use them, whether as servants or as women ? One
of the Englishmen answered very boldly and readily,
that they would use them as both. To which the go-
vernor said, I am not going to restrain you from
it; you are your own masters as to that; but this I
think is but just, for avoiding disorders and quarrels
among you, and I desire it of you for that reason only,.
viz. that you will all engage, that if any of you take
any of these women as a woman, or wife, he shall
take but one ; and that, having taken one, none else
should touch her; for though we cannot marry any of
you, yet it is but reasonable that while you stay here,
the woman any of you takes should be maintained
by the man that takes her, and should be his wife; I
mean," says he, while he continues here; and that
none else should have any thing to do with her." All
this appeared so just, that every one agreed to it with-
out any difficulty.
Then the Englishmen asked the Spaniard if they
designed to take any of them ? But every one answer-
ed, "No:" some of them said they had wives in
Spain; and the others did not like women that were.
not Christians; and all together declared, that they
would not touch one of them; which was an instance
of such virtue as I have not met with in all my tra-
vels. On the other hand, to be short, the five Eng-
lishmen took them every one a wife; that is to say, a
temporary wife; and so they set up a new form of
living for the Spaniards and Friday's father lived in
my old habitation, which they had enlarged exceed-
ihgly within ;- the three servants, which they had ta-
ken in the late battle of the savages lived with them;
and these carried on the main part of the colony,

. iopplying all the rest with food, and assisting them
in any thing as they could, or as they found necessity
SBut the wonder of this story was how five such re-
frac;ory, ill-matched fellows should agree about these
Women, and that two of them should not pitch upon
the same woman, especially seeing two or three of
them were, without comparison, more agreeable than
the others; but they took a good way enough to pre-
vent quarreling among themselves; for they set the
five women by themselves in one of their huts, and
they went all into the other hut, and drew lots among
them who should choose first.
He that drew to choose first, went away by him-
self to the hut where the poor naked creatures were,
and fetched her out he chose; and it was worth ob-
serving, that he that chose first took her that was'rec-
koned the homeliest and the oldest of the five, which
made mirth enough among the rest; and even the
Spaniards laughed at it; but the fellow considered
better than any of them, that it was application and
business that they were to expect assistance in as
much as any thing else, and she proved the best wife
in the parcel.
When the poor women saw themselves in a row
thus, and fetched out one by one, the terrors of their
condition returned upon them again, and they firmly
believed that they were now going to be devoured :
accordingly when the English sailor came in and
fetched out one of them, the rest set up a most lament-
able cry,.and hung about her and took their leave of
her with such agonies and such affection as would
have grieved the hardest heart in the world ; nor was
it possible for the Englishmen to satisfy them that
they were not to be immediately murdered, till they
fetched the old man, Friday's father, who instantly
let them know that the five men who had fetchedthein
out one by one, had chosen them for their wives.
When they had done this, and the fright the wo-
Ment were in was.a little over, the men went to work,

and the Spaniards came and helped them ; and in a
few hours they had built them every one a new hut
or tent for their lodging apart; for those they had al
ready were crowded with their tools, household-stuff,
and provisions. The three wicked ones had pitched
farthest off, and the two honest ones nearer, but both
on the north shore of the island, so that they conti-
nued separates before; and thus iny island was peo-
pled in three places, and, as I might say, three towns
were begun to be planted.
And here it is very well worth observing, that as
it often happens in the world, (what the wise ends of
God's providence are in such a disposition of things
I cannot say) the two honest fellows had the two
worst wives; and the three reprobates,that were scarce
worth hanging, that were fit for nothing, and neither
seemed born to do themselves good, or any one else,
had three clever,diligent, careful,and ingenious wives;
not that the two first were ill wives as to their temper
or humour; for all the five were most willing, quiet,
passive, and subjected creatures, rather like slaves
than wives; but my meaning is, they were not alike
capable, ingenious, or industrious, or alike cleanly
and neat.
Another observation I must make, to the honour
of a diligent application on the one hand, and to the
disgrace of a slothful, negligent, idle temper on the
other, that when I came to the place, and viewed the
several improvements, planting, and management of
the several little colonies, the two men had so far out-
gone the three, that there was no comparison ; they
had indeed both of them as much ground laid out for
corn as they wanted; and the reason was, because,
according to my rule, nature dictated, that it was to
no purpose to sow more corn than they wanted; but
the difference of the cultivation, of the planting, of the
fences, and indeed every thing else, was easy to be
seen at first view.
The two men had innumerable young trees planted

about their huts, that when you came to the place no-
thing was to be seen but a wood; and though they
had their plantation twice demolished, once by their
own countrymen, and once by the enemy, as shall be
shewn in its place ; yet they had restored all again,
and every thing was nourishing and thriving about
them: they had grapes planted in order, and managed
like a vineyard, though they had themselves never
seen any thing of that kind; and by their good order-
ing their vines, their grapes were as good again as any
of the others. They had also formed themselves a re-
treat in the thickest part of the woods, where, though
there was not a natural cave, as I had found, yet they
made one with incessant labour of their hands, and
where, when the mischief which followed happened,
they secured their wives and children so as they could
never be found ; they having, by sticking innumera-
ble stakes and poles of the wood, which, as I said,
grew so easily, made a grove impassible except in one
place, where they claimed up to get over the outside
part, and then went in by ways of their own leaving.
As to the three reprobates, as I justly call them,
though they were much civilized by their new settle-
ment compared to what they were before, and were
not so quarrelsome, having not the same opportunity,
yet one of the certain companions of a profligate mind
never left them, and that was their idleness. It was
true, they planted corn and made fences; and Solo-
mon's words were never better verified than in them:
"I went by the vineyard of the slothful, and it was
overgrown with thorns;" for when the Spaniards came
to view their crop, they could not see it in some places
for weeds; the hedge had several gaps in it, where
the wild goats had gotten in and eaten up the corn
perhaps here and there a dead hush was crammed in
to stop them out for the present, but it was only shut-
ting the stable door after the steed was stolen; where-
as, when they looked on the colony of the other two,
there was the very face of industry and success upon
all they did; there was not a weed to be seen in all

their corn, or a gap in any oftheir hedges; and they,
on the other hand, verified Solomon's words in another
place : The diligent hand maketh rich ;" for every
thing grew and thrived, and they had plenty within
and without; they had more tame cattle than the
others, more utensils and necessaries within doors,
and yet more pleasure and diversion to.
It is true, the wives of the three were very handy
and cleanly within doors; and having learnt the Eng-
lish ways of dressing and cooking from one of the
other Englishmen, who, as I said, was a cook's mate
on board the ship, they dressed their husbands' vic-
tuals very nicely; whereas the other could not be
brought to understand it; but then the husband, who
as I said, had been cook's mate, did it himself; but
as for the husbands of the three wives, they loitered
about, fetched turtles' eggs, and caught fish and birds;
in a word, any thing but labour, and they fared ac-
cordingly. The diligent lived well and comfortably;
and the slothful lived hard and beggarly; and so I be-
lieve, generally speaking, it is all over the world.
But now I come to a scene different from all that
had happened before, either to them or me ; and the
origin of the story was this :
Early one morning there came on shore five or six
canoes of Indians, or savages, call them which you
please and there is no room to doubt that they came
upon the old errand of feeding upon their slaves; but
that part was now so familiar to the Spaniards, and
to our men too, that they did not concern themselves
about it as I did ; but having been made sensible by
their experience, that their only business was to lie
concealed, and that, if they were not seen by any of
the savages, they would go off again quietly when their
business was done, having as yet not the least notion
of there being any-inhabitants in the island : I say,
having been made sensible of this, they had nothing
to do but to give notice to all the three plantations to
keep within doors, and not to shew themselves only

placing a scout in a proper place, to give notice when
the boats went off to sea again.
This was without doubt, very right; but a disaster
spoiled all these measures, and made it known among
the savages that there were inhabitants there, which
was, in the end, the desolation of almost the whole
colony. After the canoes with the savages were gone
off, the Spaniards peeped abroad again, and some of
them had the curiosity to go to the place where they
had been, to see what they had been doing. Here, to
their great surprise, they found three savages left be-
hind, and lying fast asleep upon the ground; it was
supposed they had either been so gorged with their
inhuman feast, that,like beasts, they were asleep, and
would not stir when the others went, or they were
wandered into the woods, and did not come back in
time to be taken in.
The Spaniards were greatly surprised at this sight,
and perfectly at a loss what to do ; the Spaniard go-
vernor, as it happened, was with them, and his advice
was asked; but he professed he knew not what to do;
as for slaves they had enough already; and as to
killing them, they were none of them inclined to that.
The Spaniard governor told me they could not-think
of shedding innocent blood ;, for as to them, the poor
creatures had done no wrong, invaded none of their
property; and they thought they had no just quarrel
against them to take away their lives.
And here I must, in justice to these Spaniards, ob-
serve, that let all the accounts of Spanish cruelty in
Mexico and Peru be what they will, I never met with
seventeen men, of any nation whatsoever, in any fo
reign country, who were so universally modest, ten.
operate, virtuous, so very good humoured, and so cour-
teous as these Spaniards; and, as to cruelty, they had
nothing of it in their very nature; no inhumanity, no .
barbarity, no outrageous passions, and yet all of them
men of great courage and spirit.
Their temper and calmness had appeared in their
bearing the insufferable usage, of the three English.

men; and their justice and humanity appeared now
in the case of the savages as above. After some con-
sultation they resolved upon this, that they would lie
still a while longer, till if possible, these three men
might be gone ; but then the governor Spaniard recol-
lected that the three savages had no boat; and that if
they were left to rove.about the island, they would
certainly discover that there were inhabitants in it,
and so they should be undone that way.
Upon this they went back again,,and there lay the
fellows fast asleep still; so they resolved to awaken
them, and take them prisoners; and they did so. The
poor fellows were strangely frighted when they were
seized upon and bound, and afraid, like the women,
that they should be murdered and eaten; for it seems
those people think all the world do as they do, eating
men's flesh; but they were soon made easy as tothat:
and away they carried,them.
It was very happy for them that they did not carry
them home to their castle; I mean to my palace under
the hill; but they carried them first to the bower,
where was the chief of their country work ; such as
the keeping the goats, the planting the corn, &c.; and
afterwards they carried them to the habitation of the
two Englishmen.
Here they were set to work, though it was not much
they had for them to do; and whether it was by neg-
ligence in guarding them, or that they thought the
fellows could not mend themselves, I know not, but
one of them ran away, and taking into the woods,
they could never hear of him more.
They had good reason to believe he got home again
soon after in some other boats or canoes of savages,
who came on shore three or four weeks afterwards,
and who, carrying on their revels as usual, went off
again in two days time. This thought terrified them
exceedingly; for they concluded, and that not without
good cause indeed, that if this fellow got safe home
among his comrades, he would certainly give them an
account that there were people in the island, as also

how weak and few they were; for this savage, as I
observed before, had never been told, as it was very
happy he had not, how many they were, or where
they lived, nor had he ever seen or heard the fire of
any of their guns, much less had they shewn them any
other'of their retired places, such as the cave in the
valley, or the new retreat which the two Englishmen
had made, and the like.
The first testimony they had that this fellow had
given intelligence of them was, that about two months
after this, six canoes of savages, with about seven or
eight, or ten men in a canoe, came rowing along the
north side of the island, where they never used to
come before, and landed about an hour after sunrise,
at a convenient place, about a mile from the habita-
tion of the two Englishmen, where this escaped man
had been kept. As the Spaniard governor said, had
they been all there the damage would not have been
so much, for not a man of them would have escaped:
but the case differed now very much; for two men to
fifty were two much odds. The two men had the
happiness to discover them about a league off, so that
it was above an hour before they landed, and as they
landed about a mile from their huts, it was some time
before they could come at them. Now having great
reason to believe that they were betrayed, the first
thing they did was to bind the slaves which were left,
and cause two of the three men whom they brought
with the women, who, it seems, proved very faithful
to them, to lead them with their two wives, and what-
ever they could carry away with them, to their re-
tired place in the woods, which I have spoken of
above, and there to bind the two fellows hand and
foot till they heard farther.
In the next place, seeing the savages were all come
on shore, and that they bent their course directly that
way, they opened the fences where their milch-goats
were kept, and drove them all out, leaving their goats
to straggle into the wood, whither they pleased, that
the savages might think they were all bred wild; but

the rogue who came with them was too cunning for
that, and gave them an account of it all, for they went
directly to the place.
When the poor frighted men had secured their wives
and goods, they sent the other slave they had of the
three, who came with the women, and who was at
their place by accident, away to the Spaniards with
all speed, to give them the alarm, and desire speedy
help; and in the mean time they took their arms, and
what ammunition they had, and retreated towards
the place in the wood where their wives were sent,
keeping at a.distance; yet so that they might see, if
possible, which way the savages took.
They had notgone farbut that, from a rising ground,
they could see the little army of their enemies come
on directly to their habitation, and in.a moment more
could see all their huts and household-stuff flaming up
together, to their great grief and. mortification; for
they had a very great loss, and to them irretrievable
at least for some time. They kept theirstation for a
while, till they found the savages, like wild beasts,
spread themselves all over the place, rummaging
every way, and every plade they could think of, in
search for prey, and in particular for the people, of
whom it plainly appeared they had intelligence.
The two Englishmen, seeing this, thinking them-
selves not secure where they stood, as it was likely
some of the wild people might come that way, so they
might come too many together, thought it proper to
make another retreat about half a mile farther, be-
lieving, as it afterwards happened, that the farther
they strolled, the fewer would be together.
rhe next halt was at the entrance into a very thick
brown part of the woods, and where an old trunk of
a tree stood, which was hollow, and vastly large;
and in this tree they both took thetr standing, resolv-
ing to see what might offer.
They had not stood there long, but two of the sa-
vages appeared running directly that way, as if they
had already notice where they stood, and were com-

in up 1.' attack rl.e ., ar.,I i.,l, v, ay farther they
r:p eJ _rieF-nre co.-.nn; .'! .,: i ,in., and five more
li.:\. 'flS n.:.' ,., li." ; 11 .... ... ; besideswhich,
7Iey 1 -B i ,r ,I.l n.,, ;aii d Il tance, running
another way; for in a word, they ran every way,
like sportsmen beating for their game.
The poor men were now in great perplexity, whe-
ther they should stand and keep their posture, or fly;
but after a very short debate with themselves, they
considered that if the savages ranged the country thus
before help came, they might, perhaps, find out their
retreat in the woods, and then all would be lost; so
they resolved to stand them there; and if there were
too many to deal with, then they would get to the top
of the tree, from whence they doubted not to defend
themselves, fire excepted, as long as their ammuni-
tion lasted, though all the savages that were landed,
which were near fifty, were to attack them.
Having resolved upon this, they next considered
whether they should fire at the two first, or wait for
the three, and so take the middle party, by which the
two and the five that followed would be separated:
at length they resolved to let the two first pass by,
unless they should spy them in the tree, and come to
attack them. The-two first savages also confirmed
them in this resolution, by turning a little from them
towards another part of the wood ; but the three, and
the five after them, came forwards directlyto the tree,
as if they had known the Englishmen were there.
Seeing them come so straight towards them, they
resolved to take them in a line as they came; and as
they resolved to fire but one at a time, perhaps the
first shot might hit them all three; to which purpose,
the man who was to fire put three or four bullets into
his piece, and having a fair loop-hole, as it were, from
a broken hole in the tree, he took a sure aim, without
being seen, waiting till they were within about thirty
yards of the tree, so that he could not miss.

01n, '.i.',i' :s "J i' r 1r :.!" lI h. ft'" 0 .'. ,.

OF ROBINSON ( r i: 81
runaway savageti. i ,-i.. .... '. 1 I;n,, .'.., i,. 7
both knew him d i' .,. ,.. :..!hi. lhi.,i i -.' : *
ble, he should u..-r : 1',. II.... i. I. v 1.,. 11.J i il
fire; so the othei -i.....i ... ,i I, 1 : i -... I ,-,' ,I
he did not drop at the first shot, he should be sure tq
have a second.
But the first was too good a marksman to miss his
aim ; for as the savages kept near one another, a little
behind in a line, in a word he fired, and hit two of
them directly; the foremost was killed outright, being
shot in the head; the second, which was the runaway
Indian, was shot through the body and fell, hut was
not quite dead; and the third had a little scratch in
the shoulder, perhaps by the same ball that went
through the body of the second; and being dreadfully
frighted, though not much hurt, sat down upon the
ground, screaming and yelling in a hideous manner.
The five that were behind, more frighted with the
noise than sensible of their danger, stood still at first;
for the woods made the sound a thousand times bigger
than it really wa i :.. r ,o ;,,. ,, .:4,,
to another, andt i.- !:. .... i.1i .- -I -. : ja -
ing and making... .. ,. *. l ...ri ..I i.,a,
according to their kind; just as it was when I fired
the first gun that, perhaps, was ever shot offin that
place since it was an island.
However, all being silent again, and they not know-
ing what the matter was, came on unconcerned, till
they came to that place where their companions lay,
in a condition miserable enough; and here the poor
ignorant creatures, not sensible that they were within
reach of the same mischief, stood all of a huddle over
the wounded man, talking, and, as may be supposed,
inquiring of him how he came to be hurt; and who,
it is very rational to believe, told them that a flash if
fire first, ,;,.1 ,........ .;, i, after that thunder from
their gods, i,.1 I II,..i iI.- two, and wounded him,
This, I say, is rational; for nothing is more certain
than that, as they saw no man near them, so they had
6 DB2

never heard a gun in all their lives, or so much as
heard of a gun ; neither knew they any thing of kill
ing or wounding at a distance with fire and bullets;
if they had, one might reasonably believe that they
would not have stood so unconcerned in viewing the
fate of their fellows without some apprehension of
their own.
Our two men, though as they confessed to me, it
grieved them to be obliged to kill so many poor cream
tures, who at the same time had no notion of their
danger; yet, having them all thus in their power, and
the.first having loaded his piece again, resolved to let
fly both together among them, and singling out by
agreement which to aim at, they shot together, and
killed, or very much'wounded four of them; the fifth,
frighted even to death, though not hurt, fell with the
rest; so that our men, seeing them all fall together,
thought they had killed them all.
The belief that the savages were all killed made our
two men come boldly out from the tree before they
had charged their gunsagain, which was a wrong step,
and they were under some surprise when they came
to the place and found no less than four of the men
alive, and of them two very little hurt, and one not
at all; this obliged them to fall upon them with the
stocks of their muskets ; and first they made sure of
the runaway savage that had been the cause of all the
mischief, and of another that was hurt in his knee,
and put them out of their pain. Then the man that
was not hurt at all came and kneeled down to them
with his two hands held up, and made piteous moan
to them by gestures and signs for his life, but could
not say one word to them that they could understand.
However, they ;i-l'lf.i to him to sit down at the
footofa tree thereby ; and one of the EL ,iilhn,,
with a piece of rope-twine which he had by great
chance in his pocket, tied his feet fast together, and
his hands behind him, and there they left him ; and
vb'r. ,vhat speed they could, made after the other two.
, 1. .-h were gone before, fearing there, or any more of

them, should find the way to their covered place in
the woods, where their wives and the few goods they
had left, lay. They came once in sight of the two
men, but it was at a great distance; however they had
the satisfaction to see them cross over a valley to-
wards the sea, the quite contrary way from that whicli
led to their retreat, which they were afraid of; and
being satisfied with that, they went back to the tree
where they-left their prisoner, who as they supposed
was delivered by his comrades; for he was gone, and
the two pieces ofrope-yarn with which they had bound
him, lay just at the foot of the tree.
They were now in as great a concern as before, not
knowing what course to take, or how near the enemy
might be, or in what numbers; so they resolved to go
away to the place where their wives were, to see if
all was well there, and to make them easy who were
in fright enough to be sure^; for though the savages
were their own country-folks, yet they were most ter-
ribly afraid of them, and perhaps the more, for the
knowledge they had of them.
When they came thither, they found the savages
had been in the wood, and very near the place, but
had not found it; for indeed it was inaccessible, by
the trees standing so thick, as before, unless the per-
sons seeking it had been directed by those that knew
it, which these were not; they found, therefore, every
thing very safe, only the women in a terrible fright.
While they were here they had the comfort of seven
of the Spaniards coming to their assistance: the other
ten with their servants, and old Friday, I mean Fri-
day's father, were gone in a body to defend their
bower, and the corn and cattle that were kept there,
in case the savages should have roved over to that
side of the country ; but they did not spread so far.
With the seven Spaniards came one of the savages,
who, as I said, were their prisoners formerly, and with
them also came the savage whom the Englishmen had
left bound hand and-foot at the tree ; for it seems
they came that ... saw the w.,. i i of the seven

men, and unbound the eighth, and brought him along
with them, where, however, they were obliged to bind
him again, as they had done the two others, who were
left when the third run away.
The prisoners began now to be a burden to them;
and they were so afraid of their escaping, that they
thought they were under an absolute necessity to kill
them for their own preservation : however, the Spa-
niard governor would not consent to it; but ordered,
that they should be sent out of the way to my old cave
in the valley, and be kept there with two Spaniards
to guard them and give them food; which was done;
and they were bound there hand and foot for that
When the Spaniards came, the two Englishmen
were so encouraged, that they could not satisfy them-
selves, to stay any longer there; but taking five ofthe
Spaniatds, and themselves, with four muskets and a
pistol among them, and two stout quarter staves, away
they went in quest of the savages. And first, they
came to the tree where the men lay that had been
killed; but it was easy to see that some more of the
savages had been there ; for they attempted to carry
their dead men away, and had dragged two of them
a good way, but had given it over; from thence they
advanced to the first rising ground where they had
stood and seen their camp destroyed, and where they
had the mortification still to see some of the smoke;
but neither could they here see any of the savages:
they then resolved, though with all possible caution,
togo forward towards their ruined plantation; but a
little before they came thither, coming in sight of the
sea-shore, they saw plainly the savages all embarking
again in their canoes, in order to be gone.
They seemed sorry at first that there was no way to
come at them to give them a parting blow ; but upon
the whole were very well satisfied to be rid of them.
The poor Englishmen being now twice ruined, and
all their i l-..I ..... I: JL .iir.\. l, the rest all agreed
(o come ,.rn It LI i, Iui..!1, and to assist them

*with needful supplies. Their three countrymen,who
were not yet noted for having the least inclination to
do any thing good, yet, as soon as they heard of it
(for they,living remote,knew nothing tillall was over),
came and offered their help and assistance, and did
very friendly work for several days to restore their
habitations and make necessaries for them; and thus
in a little time they were set upon their legs again.
About two days after this they had the farther sat-
isfaction of seeing three of the savages' canoes come
driving on shore, and at some distance from tnem,
with two drowned men: by which theyhadreason to
believe that they had met with a storm at sea, which
had overset some of them, for it blew very hard the
night after they went off.
However, as some might miscarry, so on the other
hand enough of them escaped to inform the rest, as
well of what they had done, as of what happened to
them ; and to whet them on to another enterprise of
the same nature, which they. it seems, resolved to at-
tempt, with sufficient force to carry all before them;
for except what the first man told them of inhabitants,
they could say little to it of their own knowledge; for
they never saw one man, and the fellow being killed
at h ad affirmed it, they had no other witness to con-
firm it to them.
It was five or six months after this before they heard
any more of the savages, in which time our men were
in hopes they had not forgot their former bad luck,
or had given over the hopes of better; when on a sud-
den they were invaded with a most formidable fleet
of no less than twenty-eight canoes, full of savages,
armed with bows and arrows, great clubs, wooden
swords,and such-like engines of war; and they brought
such numbers with them, that in short it put all oun
people into the utmost consternation.
As they came on shore in the evening, and at the
easternmost side of the island, our men had that night
to consult and consider what to do; and in the first
place, knowing that their being entirely concealed was

,r..1, r,..,1- .nf,-i' I, f. ., and would much more be to
no ~ h-!, I., nI i. ,-r of their enemies was sogreat,
they therefore resolved, first of all to take down the
huts which were built for the two Englishmen, and
drive away their goats to the old cave ; because they
supposed the savages would go directly thither as soon,
as it was day, to play the old game over again, though
they did not now land within two leagues of it.
In the next place, they drove away all the flock of
goats they had at the old bower, as I called it, which
belonged to the Spaniards ; and, in short, left as little
appearance of inhabitants any where aspossible; and
the next morning early they posted themselveswith all
their force at the plantation of the two men, waiting
for their coming. As they guessed so it happened:
these new invaders, leaving their canoes at the east
end of the island, came ranging along the shore, di-
rectly towards the place to the number of two hun-
dred and fifty, as near as our men could judge. Our
army was but small indeed; butthat which was worse,
they had not arms for all their number neither : the
whole account, it seems, stood thus:-first, as to men:
17 Spaniards.
5 Englishmen.
1 Old Friday, or Friday's father.
3 Slaves, taken with the women, who proved very
3 Other slaves who lived with the Spaniards.

To arm these there had
II Muskets.
5 Pistols.
3 Fowling-pieces.
5 Muskets,or fowling-pieces, which were taken by
me from the mutinous seamen whom I reduced.
2 Swords.
3 Old halberts.


To their slaves they did not give either musket or
fusil, but they had every one an halbert,.or a long
.-ill, Im, i quarter-staff, with a great spike of iron
J iI rI.1 myo each end of it, and byhis side a hatchet;
also every one of our men had hatchets. Two of the
women could not be prevailed upon but they would
come into the fight, and they had bows and arrows,
which the Spaniards had taken from the savages when
the first action happened, which I have spoken of
where the Indians fought with one another; and the
women had hatchets too.
The Spaniard governor, whom I have described so
often, commanded tie whole ; and William Atkins,
who, though a dreadful fellow for wickedness, was a
most daring, bold fellow, commanded under him.
The *. ....-f .. .. l.1 like lions, and our men,
which ,. I.. ,..1. 1 ..I l,.f fate, had no advantage
in their situation ; only that Will Atkins, who now
proved a most useful fellow, with six men, was plant-
ed just behind a small thicket of bushes, as an ad-
vanced guard, with orders to let the first of them pass
by, and then fire into the middle of them; and as
soon as he had fired to make his retreat, as nimbly as
he could, round a part of the wood, and so come in
behind the Spaniards where they stood, having a
thicket of trees all before them.
When the savages came on,they ran straggling about
FR.';- way in heaps, out of all manner of order, and
V, Ii Atkins let about fifty of tbem pass by him ; then
seeing the rest come in a very thick throng, he orders
three of his men to fire, having loaded their muskets
with six or seven bullets apiece, about as big as large
pistols-bullets. How many they killed or wounded
*i.', l. i it, L l l.. ,:.s. ition and surprise was
i,_e r." I-. I., ,. .-.o 11i.,1:: -. ., who were frighted to
'he last d.re, to hear such a dreadful noise, and see
hr- i ., i,- ,[...J, and others hurt, '.,r ,-. ]..l. .. ', i.it
did it. When in the middle of tl.,- I.;,hiw.1\ llf ,,
Atkins and his other three let flih .. r .'; ihn i

thickest of them;, and in less than a minute the first
three, being loaded again, gave them a third volley.
Had William Atkins and his men retired immedi-
htely, as soon as they had fired, as they were ordered
to do; or had the rest of the body been at hand to
have poured in their shot continually, the savages had
been effectually routed; for the terror that was among
them came principally from this ;viz. that they were
killed by the gods with thunder and lightning, and
could see nobody that hurt them : but William Atkins
staying to load again, discovered the cheat; some of
the savages who were at a distance, spyingthem,came
upon them behind; and though Atkins and his men
fired at them also, two or three times, and killed above
twenty retiring as fast as they could, yet they wound-
ed Atkins himself, and killed one of his fellow Eng-
lishmen with their arrows, as they did afterwards one
Spaniard, with one of the Indian slaves who came
with the women. This slave was a most gallant fel-
low, and fought most desperately, killing five of them
with his own hand, having no weapon but one of the
armed staves and a hatchet.
Our men being thus hard laid at, Atkins wounded,
and two other men killed, retreated to a rising ground
in the wood; and the Spaniards, after firing three vol-
lies upon them, retreated also: for their number was
so great, and they were so' desperate, that though
above fifty of them were killed, and more than so
many wounded, yet they came on in the teeth of our
men, fearless of danger, and shot their arrows like a
'cloud ; and it was observed that their wounded men,
who were not quite disabled, were made outrageous
by their wounds, and fought like madmen.
SWhenour men retreated, theyleft the Spaniard and
the Englishmen that were killed behind them ; and
the savages, when they came up to them, killed them
over again in a wretched manner, breaking their arms,
legs, and heads, with their clubs and wooden swords,
like true savages. But finding our imen were gone,
they did not seem inclined to pursue them, but drew.

themselves up in a kind of ring, which is, it seems,
their custom, and shouted twice in token of their vic-
tory ; after-which, they had the mortification to see
several of their wounded men fall, dying with the
mere loss of blood.
The Spaniard governor having drawn his little body
up together upon a rising ground, Atkins though he
was wounded, would have had him march, and charge
them again all together at once : but the Spaniard re-
plied, Seignior Atkins, you see how their wounded
men fight; let them alone till morning: all these
wounded men will be stiff and sore with their wounds,
and faint with the loss of blood, and so we shall have
the fi :. .. "
Tl.- '. ... I 1 butWillAtkinsreplied mer-
rily, I I .r'- i 1,i -i ,.iior, and so shall I too; and
that's the reason I would go on while I am warm."-
"Well, Seignior Atkins," says the Spaniard,. "you
have behaved gallantly, and done your part; we will
fight for you, if you cannot come on ; but I think it
best to stay till morning :" so they waited.
But as it was a clear moonlight night, and they
found the savages in great disorder about their dead
and wounded men, and a great hurry and noise among
them where they lay, they afterwards resolved to fall
upon them in the night, especially if they could come
to. give them but one volley before they were disco-
vered. This they had a fair opportunity to do; for
one of the two Englishmen, in whose quarter it was
where the fight I..- :,. led them round between the
woods and the :.:: :..i:, westward, and turning short
south, they came so near where the thickest of them
lay, that before they were seen or heard, eight of them
fired in among them, and did dreadful execution upon
them ; in half a minute more eight others fired after
them, pouring in their small shot, in such a quantity,
that abundance were killed and wounded: and all this
while they were not able to see who hurt them, or
which way to fly.
The Spaniards charged again with the utmost expe-

edition, and then divided themselves into three bodies,
and resolved to fall in among them all together. They
had in each body eight persons; that is to say, twenty-
four, whereof were twenty-two men, and the two
women, who, by the way, fought desperately.
They divided the fire-arms equally in each party,
and so of the halberts and staves. They would have
had the women keep back; but they said they were
resolved to die with their husbands. Having thus
formed their little army, they marchedoutfrom among
the trees and came up to the teeth of the enemy,
shouting' and hallooing as loud as they could. The
savages stood all together, but were in the utmost con-
fusion, hearing the noise of our men shouting from
three quarters together; they would have fought if they
had seen us; and as soon as they came near enough to
be seen, some arrows w ere shot, and poor old Friday
was wounded, though not dangerously. But our men
gave them no time, but running up to them, fired
among them three ways, and then fell in with the butt
ends of their muskets, their swords, armed staves, and
hatchets; and laid about them so well, that in a word
they set up a dismal screaming ind howling, flying to
save their lives which way soever they could.
Our men were tired with the execution ; and killed,
or mortally wounded, in the two fights, about one
hundred and eighty of them : the rest, being frighted
out of their wits, scoured through the woods and over
the hills, with all the speed that fear and nimble feet
could help them to do; and as we did not trouble our-
selves much to pursue them, they got all together to
the sea-side, where they landed, and where their
canoes lay. But their disaster was not at an end yet,
for it blew a terrible storm of wind that evening from
the sea-ward, so that it was impossible for them to
put off; nay, the storm continuing all night, when
the tide came up, their canoes were most of them
driven by the surge of the sea so high upon the shore,
that it required infinite toil to get them off; and some

of them were even dashed to pieces against the beach,
or against one another.
Our men, though glad of their victory, yet got little
rest that night; but having refreshed themselves as
well as they could, they resolved to march to that part
of the island where the savages were fled, and see
what posture they weie in. This necessarily led them
over the place where the fight had been, and where
they found several of the poor creatures not quite
dead, and yet past recoveringlife; a sight disagreeable
enough to generous minds; for a truly great man,
though obliged by the law of battle to destroy his
enemy, takes no delight in his misery.
However, there was no need to give any order in
this case; for their own savages, who were their
servants, dispatched those poor creatures with their
At length they came in view of the place where the
more miserable remains of the savages' army lay,
where there appeared about one hundred still: theii
posture was generally sitting upon the ground, with
iheir knees up towards their mouth, and the head put
between the hands, leaning down upon the knees.
When our men came within two musket-shot of
them, the Spaniard governor ordered two muskets to
be fired without ball, to alarm them; this he did, that
by their countenance he might know what to expect,
viz. whether they were still in heart to fight, or were
so heartily beaten, as to be dispirited and discouraged,
and so he might manage accordingly.
This stratagem took; for as soon as the savages
heard the first gun, and saw the flash of the second,
hey started up upon their feet in the greatest conster-
aton imaginable; and as our men advanced swiftly
owards them, they all ran screaming and yawling
away, with a kind of an howling noise, which our
men did not understand, and had never heard before;
and thus they ran up the hills into the country.
At first our men had much rather the weather had

been calm, and they had all gone away to sea; but
they did not then consider, that this might probably
have been the occasion of their coming again in such
multitudes as not to be resisted; or, at least, to come
so many and so often, as would quite desolate the
island and starve them. Will Atkins therefore, who,
notwithstanding his wound, kept always with them,
proved the best counsellor in this case. His advice
was, to take the advantage that offered, and clap in
between them and their boats, and so deprive them
of the capacity of ever returning any more to plague
the island.
They consulted long about this, and some were
against it, for fear of making the wretches fly into the
woods, and live there desperate; and so they should
have them to hunt like wild beasts, be afraid to stir
about their business, and have their plantation con-
tinually rifled, all their tame goats destroyed, and, in
short, he reduced to a life of contiual distress.
Will Atkins told them they had better have to do
with one hundred men than with one hundred nations;
that as they must destroytheir boats, so they must
destroy the men, or be all of them destroyed them-
selves. In a word, he shewed them the necessity of
it so plainly, that they all came into it; so they went
to work immediately with the boats, and getting some
dry wood together from a dead tree, they tried to set
some of them on fire but they were so wet that they
would scarce burn. However, the fire so burned the
upper part, that it soon made them unfit for swim-
ming in the sea as boats. When the Indians saw
what they were about, some of them came running
out of the woods, and coming as near as they could
to our men, kneeled down and cried, Oa, Oa, Wa-
ramokoa, and some other words of their language,
which none of the others understood any thing of;
but as they made pitiful gestures and strange noises,
it wag easy to understand they begged to have their
boats spared, and that they would be gone, and never
return thither again.

Buf'our men were now satisfied, that-they had no
way to preserve themselves or to save their colony,
but effectually to prevent any of these people from
ever going home again; depending upon this, that if
ever so much as one of them got back into their coun-
try to tell the story, the colony was undone; so that
letting them know that they should not have any
mercy, they fell to work with their canoes, and de-
stroyed them, every one that the storm had not de-
stroyed before; at the sight of which the savages rais-
ed a hideous cry in the woods, which our people heard
plain enough; after which they ran about the island
like distracted men; so that, ini a word, our men did
not really know at first what to do with them.
Nor did the Spaniards, with all their prudence, con-
sider that while'they dfade those people thus despe-
rate, they ought to have kept good guard at the same
time upon their plantat;.... ri....._ ; ;: rue they
had driven away their r i I.., 1.1 I .L 'rl ... did not
find their main retreat, I mean my old castle at the
hill, nor the cave in the valley; yet they found out
my plantation at the bower, and pulled it all to
pieces, and all the fences and planting about it; trod
all the corn under foot; tore up the vines and grapes,
being just then almost ripe, and did our men an ines-
timable damage, though to themselves not one far-
-l.I..' .rth of service.
fih ... our men were able to fight them upon all
occasions, yet they were in no condition to pursue
them, or hunt them up and down; for as they were
too nimble of foot for our men when they found them
single, so our men durst not go about single for fear of
being surrounded with their numbers: the best was,
they had no weapons; for though they had bows they
had no arrows left, nor any materials to make any,
nor had they any edged tool or weapon among them.
The extremity and distress they were reduced to
was great, and indeed deplorable, but at the same
time our men were also brought to very hard circum-
stancas by them ; for though their retreats were pre-

.served, yet their provision was destroyed, and their
harvest spoiled; and what to do or which way to turn
themselves, they knew not; the only refuge they had
now was the stock of cattle they had in the valley by
thecave, and some little corn which grew there. The
three Englishmen, William Atkins and his comrades,
were now reduced to two, one of them being killed
by an arrow, which struck him on the side of his
head, just under the temple, so that lie never spoke
more ; and it was very remarkable, that this was the
same barbarous fellow who cut the poor savage slave
with his hatchet, and who afterwards intended to have
murdered the Spaniards.
I look upon their case to have been worse at this
time than mine was atany time after I first discovered
the grains of barley and ricmand got into the method
of planting and raising my corn, and my tame cattle;
for now they had, as I may say, an hundred wolves
upon the island, which would devour every thing they
could come at, yet could be very hardly come at
The first thing they concluded when they saw what
their circumstances were, was, that they would, it
possible, drive them up to the farther part of the
island, south-east, that if any more savages came on
shore, they might not find one another; then that they
would daily hunt and harass them, and kill as manyof
them as they could come at, till they had reduced the
number; and if they could at last tame them, and
bring them to any thing, they would give them corn,
and teach them how to plant, and live upon their dai-
ly labour.
In order to this they followed them, and so terrified
them with their guns, that in a few days, if any of
them fired a gun at an Indian, if he did not hit him,
yet he would fall down for fear; and so dreadfully
frighted they were, that they kept out of sight farther
and farther, till at last our men following them, and
every day almost killing and wounding some of them,
they kept up in the woods and hollow places so much,

that it reduced them to the utmost misery for want of
food; and many were afterwards found dead in the
woods, without any hurt, but merely starved to death.
When our men found this it made their hearts re-
lent, and pity moved them ; especially the Spaniard
governor, who was the most gentleman-like, generous-
minded man that ever I met with in m) life; and le
proposed, if possible, to take one of them alive, and
bring him to understand what they meant, so far as to
be able to act as interpreter, and to go among them,
and see if they might be brought to some conditions
that might be depended upon to save their lives, and
do us no spoil.
It was some time before any of them could be
taken ; hut being weak, and halt starved, one of them
was at last surprised, and made a prisoner : he was
sullen at first, and would neither eat nor drink ; but
finding himself kindly used, and victuals given him,
and no violence offered him, he at last grew tractable,
and came to himself.
They brought old Friday to him, who talked often
with him, and told him how kind the others would be
to them all : that they would not only save their lives,
but would give them a part of the island to live in,
provided they would give satisfaction ; that they
should keep in their own bounds, and not come be-
yond them, to injure or prejudice others; and that
they should have corn given them, to plant and make
it grow for their bread, and some bread given them
for their present subsistence; and old Friday bade the
fellow go and talk with the rest of his countrymen,
and hear what they said to it, assuring them that if
they did not agree immediately they should all be de-
The poor wretches, thoroughly humbled, and re-
duced,in number to about thirty-seven,closed with the
proposal at the first offer, and begged to have some
food given them ; upon which twelve Spaniards and
two Englishmen, well armed and three Indian slaves,
and old Friday., mrarc:ie.! to t!:e place where they

were; the three Indian slaves carried them a large
quantity of bread, and some rice boiled up to cakes,
and dried in the sun, and three live goats; and they
were ordered to go to the side of an hill, where they
sat down, ate the provisions very thankfully, and were
the most faithful fellows to their words that could' be
thought of; for except when they came to beg victuals
nd directions, they never came out of their bounds ;
and there they lived when I came to the island, and I
went to see them.
They had taught them both to plant corn, make
bread, breed tame goats, and milk them ; they wanted
nothing but wives, and they soon would have been a
nation: they were confined to a neck of land sur-
rounded with high rocks behind them, and lying plain
towards the sea before them, on the south-east corner
of the island; they had land enough, and it was very
good and fruitful; for they had a piece of land about
a mile and a half broad, and three or four miles in
Our men taught them to make wooden spades such
as I made for myself; and gave among them twelve
hatchets, and three or four knives ; and there they
lived, the most subjected innocent creatures that were
ever heard of.
After this t..: .-.:.1. -.... 1 a perfect tranquillity
with respect -.. i,.- r. 1 i came to revisit them,
which was in about two years. Not but that now and
then some canoes of savages came on shore for their
triumphal, unnatural feasts ; but as they were of sev-
eral nations, and, perhaps, had never heard of those
that came before, or the reason of it, they did not
make any search or inquiry after their countrymen ;
and if they had, it would have been very hard for
them to have found them out.
Thus, I think, I have given a full account of all that
happened to them to my return, at least that was worth
notice. The Indians, or savages, were wonderfully
civilized by them, and they frequently went among
them; but forbid, on pain of death, any tvl b I I., .:

coming to them, because they would not have their
settlement betrayed again.
One thing was very remarkable,viz.that they taught
the savages to make wicker-work, or baskets; but they
soon outdid their masters; for they made abundance
of mostingenius things in wicker-work ; particularly
all sorts of baskets, sieves, bird-cages, cupboards, &c.
as also chairs to sit on, stools, beds, couches, and
abundance of other things, being very ingenious at
such work when they were once .."' .ir r i.i ay of it,
SMy coining was a particular i, i i. Ii. t-e people,
because we furnished them with knives, scissars,
spades, shovels, pickaxes, and all -"i,;ni of that kind
which they could want.
With the help of these tools they were so very
bandy, that they came at last to build up their huts, or
nouses, very handsomely; raddling, or working it up
like basket-work all the way round, which was a very
extraordinary piece of ingenuity, ahd looked very
odd; but was an exceeding good fence, asfvell against
heat, as against all sorts of vermin ; and our men were
so taken with it, that they got the wild savages tq
come and do the like for them; so that when I came
to see the two Englishmens's colonies, they looked,ata
distance, as if they lived all like bees in a hive : and
as for Will Atkins, who was now become a very. in
dustrious, necessary, and sober fellow, he had made
himself such a tent of basket-work as I believe was
never seen. It was one hundred and twenty paces
round on the outside, as I measured by my steps'; the
walls were as close worked as a basket, in panels or
squares, thirty-two in number, and s -, ir ,-.i, il"l. 1-
ing about seven feet high : in the :...... i.. .... .r
not above twenty-two paces ronnd, but built stronger,
being eight-square in its form, and in the eight i:.i ir.
stood eight very strong posts, round the top of h... ,
he laid strong pieces, joined together with wooden
pins, from which he raised a pyramid before il,. ri...
of eight rafters, very handsome I assure y3 .. r,.1
vol.. 1. 17 E

joined together very well, though he had no nails, and
only a few iron spikes, which he had made himself
too, out of the old iron that I had left there; and In-
deed this fellow shewed abundance of ingenuity in
several things which he had no knowledge of; he
made himself a forge, with a pair of wooden bellows
to blow the fire; he made himself charcoal for his
work, and he formed out of one of the iron crows a
middling good anvil to hammer upon ; in this manner
he made many things, but especially hooks, staples
and spikes, bolts and hinges. But to return to the
house: after he pitched the roof of his innermost tent,
he worked it up between the rafters with basket-work,
so film, and thatched that over again so ingeniously
with rice-straw, and over that a large leaf of a tree,
which covered the top, that his house was as dry as
if it had been tiled or slated. Indeed he owned that
the savages made the basket work for him-
The outer circuit was covered, as a lean-to, all round
this inner qaartment, and long rafters lay from the
thirty-two angles to the top posts of the inner house,
being about twenty feet distant; so that there was a
space like a walk within the outer wicker wall, and
without the inner, near twenty feet wide.
The inner place he partitoned off with the same
wicker-work, but much fairer, and divided into six
apartments, for that he had six rooms on a floor, and
out of every one of these there was a door: first, into
the entry, or coming into the main tent; and another
door into the space or walk that was round it; so that
this walk was also divided into six equal parts, which
served not only for a retreat, but to store uip any ne-
cessaries which the family had occasion for. These
six spaces not taking up the whole circumference,what
other apartments the outer circle had, wore thus or-
dered : as soon as you were in at the door of the outer
circle, you had a short passage straight before you to
the-door of the inner house; but on either side was a
wicker partition, and a door in it, by which you went,
first into a large room or store-house, twenty feet wide

and about thirty feet long, and through that into an<
other not quite so long: so that in the outer circle were
ten handsome rooms, six of which were only to be
come at through the apartments of the inner tent, and
served as closets or retired rooms to the respective
chambers of the inner circle; and four large ware-
houses or barns, or what you please to call them, which
went in through one another, two on either hand of
the passage that led through the outer door to the in-
ner tent.
Such a piece of basket-work, I believe, v. a never
seen in the world; nor an house or tent so neatly con
trived, much less so built. In this great beehive lived
three families; that is to say, Will Atkins and his
companions; the third was killed, but his wife re-
mained with three children; for she was, it seems,
big with child when he died, and the other two were
not at all backward to give the widow her full share
ofevery thing, I mean as to theircorn, milk,grapes, &c,
and when they killed a kid, or found a turtle on the
shore; so that they all lived well enough, though it
was true, they were not so industrious as the other
two, as has beed observed already.
One thing, however, cannot be omitted, viz. that,
as for religion, I don't know that there was any thing
of that kind among them ; they pretty often indeed
put one another in mind that there was a God, by the
very common method of seamen, viz. swearing by his
name; nor were their poor, ignorant, savage wives
much the better for having been married to Christians,
as we must call them; for as they knew very little of
God themselves, so they were utterly incapable ofen-
tering into any discourse with their wives about a
God, or to talk any thing to them concerning religion.
The utmost'of all the improvement which I can say
the wives had made from them, was, that they had
taught them to speak English pretty well; and all the
children they had, which were near twenty in all
were taughtto speak English too, from theirfirst learn
ing to speak, though they at first spoke it in a ver'

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