GROW A ROW
VARIETIES TO PLANT:
Due to Florida's warm climate, okra is well suited
to most gardens. Whether fried, boiled or stewed, okra
is an old southern favorite.
To grow your row of okra, follow this simple step
by step guide.
Clemson Spineless, Perkins Long Green, Emerald
WHEN TO PLANT:
Plant okra in your sunniest spot.
Like other vegetables, plant it on
well drained fertile soil. Choose a
spot that can be watered when needed.
Locate it fairly close to your house
so that you can take care of it rea-
Step 2. SOIL PREPARATION
Clear the spot chosen to plant
your okra. Remove all trash, weeds,
and roots. Using a hoe, spade or
gasoline powered rototiller, prepare
the soil so that it will be airy,
loose and easy to work.
- Fonida Coope.ative Extension Senvice/Florida AM Univeruity, Univeity of Ftloida----
Step 3. LIMING
To find out if lime is needed have your
soil tested. Ask your County Agricultural
Agent to help. If needed, apply one quart
of dolomite lime per 25 feet of row. Spread
it over the entire row area, then work it
into the soil at least 3 weeks before plant-
Step 5. BEDDING
Plant okra on a raised bed where
there is danger of flooding.
Where a bed is needed, prepare it
after applying the fertilizer to the
soil. Use a hoe or rake to form the
bed. Make it about 6 inches high and
2 feet wide.
Step 4. FERTILIZING
Use about 4 quarts of 6-6-6, 8-8-8
or other regular garden fertilizer to
a 25 feet row of okra. Use about one
quart at planting time, and the rest
later to keep the plants growing. First,
spread one quart over the entire row
area. Mix it well with the soil. Use
chicken, cow, or compost if desired in-
stead of regular garden fertilizer. At
least one week before planting, spread
and mix 10 gallons to the row.
Step 6. SEEDING
Start okra by planting seed when
the soil is warm. With the hoe handle,
make a furrow about an inch deep down
the center of the row. Drop okra seed
into the furrow about one inch apart.
Cover with 1 inch of soil.
Step 7. EARLY CULTIVATION & THINNING
When the seedlings are about 2 to 3
inches tall, pull out all plants except
one at each 12 inch interval. Leaving
them too thick reduces their ability to
produce pods. While thinning, pull out
weeds in the row.
Step 9. WATERING
Keep the soil
seed will sprout.
plants as needed.
Step 8. INSECT & DISEASE CONTROL
In Florida, okra is bothered by
root feeding nematodes. Use a soil
fumigant. Follow label directions.
The worst insect usually is the stink
bug. They sting the pods and cause
little bumps and blemishes all over
the young pods. Spray or dust with
malathion or diazinon as needed.
Step 10. CHECKING CROP GROWTH
moist so that okra
Water the growing
Check your okra
three times a week.
are growing well and
plants two or
Make sure they
are not devel-
Step 11. POLLINATION Step 12. HARVESTING
Since the okra pod is the fruit of Pick okra pods when about three
the plant, the flower must be pollinated. inches long. Be sure to pick them two
Insects (bees) visiting the flowers help or three times a week. Remove pods
in pollination. Okra pods are ready to when ready even if you have. to throw
harvest in 4 to 6 days after the flowers them away. Old pods on the plant cause
are open and pollinated, it to quit producing.
For more information:
If you need to know more about growing your okra, contact your County Extension
Extension Rural Development Specialist
James M. Stephens
Extension Vegetable Specialist
The Cooperative Extension Service of Florida A&M University and University
of Florida offers education programs, materials and assistance to all people without
regard to race, color, or national origin.
AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914
Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS, Florida A&M University, University of Florida
and United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
K. R. Tefertiller, Director
This leaflet was promulgated at a cost of $1,661.35, or $0.03 per copy, to provide
Florida home gardeners with information on the planting care of okra.