Star (Roseau, Dominica). December 21, 1979.

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Star (Roseau, Dominica). December 21, 1979.
Uniform Title:
Star (Roseau, Dominica).
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newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Dominica -- Caribbean

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Caribbean Newspapers, dLOC
University of Florida

Full Text
Mrs, Jame !Lowenthal,
Reeaarch Institute fo
'the Study ot.Iana
162 East 78S r3 et,
New York 10021, NT.Y.,O
U.S. A. (.nn
OS/5 er (London) Ltd.'
--rr Shaftesbury Ave, W.I,

virtute 1huca somits



LI Bi3A:" ,Y

I YOr 1, N. y.
S- SEP5'72

ALL roads lead to

Vol. XVY, No. 26

Friday, Ja 30, 1972

Ten Cents.

We seldom prit at head or tail of articles
or letters the taken-for-granted words "the
views expressed are not necessarily those of
the Editor." This might give readers the im-
pression that we disapprove of what some of
our champion contributors write, whereas we
usually agree with them in p a r tif not in
We believe that the mental and humanitari-
an quality of life has deteriorated since the
death of the W. I. Federation, which gave way
to t h e splitting disorders of little-kingdom
jealousies and of racism, and the Caribbean
sea which dedicated federalists thought of as
"ihe sea which jois us" has more and more
become the water which divides us. Life lost
its many-sided variety and in some cases teas-
ed to be a many-splendoured t h i ng. No
amount of economics can restore that.
We are watching the new federal attempts
or integral attempts with keenness and a na
tural touch of suspicion. Suspicion, because
some of those who helped to slay the Federal
ideal now come forward and want a new get-
have confidence in men of tested calibre like
Sir Arthur Lewis; and we approve of the free,
dom of movement and job-imtrchange agreed
apon by three Windwards States.
But for the future the big question will be.
MANAGEMENT? And we know that until
he blended, peoples of the West Indies are
satisfied on that point, it will not work.

in excellent condition, 8ooo mis.
only, with radio. Reg. No. 1896
Contact: R. D. Read Tel. 248::
. -------

Does an Africen heritage
Make one an African?
Or a European heritage
Denote a European?
Does East Indian heritage
Endorse one as East Indian?
Ate we really Africans.
Are we tree Europeans-
Are we blood East Indianas
Are we supplanted Antillems-
Or are we now WESTINDIANS?
Whatever we Ir, we must be. xntIht 1`l
We camt forem be diftiag.
Ame we a floatiesg Eade,
Without due gpp Ia
Did we supplant Antblkeas?
-G. B. G im4

Coming in July on the
Guest speakenv- HoMra Jiohn Iais
and 2 Gle ani
Lively music Gospelipracag
Special children's progrmea 3 July
Write to us at: 5.15 p.m
Box 108, Roseau, Don a. ak.

is seen during a
TV interview
luis has the mind of
a 43-year-old.

the boy lives in Argentina
where he is a professor of
psychology at the University of
It's true or at least the
scrapbook.. full of clippings
indicated it was true. The boy.
Luis Auguto Castro (no
relation) is supposed to have
the mind of a 43-year-old man
and an intelligent 43-vear-old
man at that. ( pae 3 )

$1 *-r

- :: ,- c 7- J ,- -- ............. ~ ""

. .. -- ,_ ,-- i_ L I I I I I I

-- ___

L- -- ~~- II- r

Friday,June 30, 1972

If I had my own way, I would make it illegal to discuss and ad-
vocate any form of Caribbean political integration until the standard
of living of the masses had. been raised to at_ least twice its present
level --and this is not saying much. I am very convinced that if half'
the thought and.effort being given to political integration were de-
voted to improving the quality of life of the, mass of West Indians,
this would be a most worthwhile undertaking anid a more realistic priority.
For this reason, one must agree with the very sound point made by Jan
Carew in his address to the recent Convention of the Dominica Freedom
Party. He said that in all these territories the accent should be on
raising the gqality of life and that this being achieved, political
Federation between .neighbours would become almost automatic. It' was.
Chesterton, I think, who spoke of the weather being the "eternal sub-'
ject"of conversation in his country. It seems that in the West Indies
political integration is the counterpart topic.
It is only a matter of months since Dominicans shot down a Leblanc
proposal for political union with Guyana. It is only weeks since we
learned about a move to unify politically the Windward Islands and this
has in fact issued in a unification plan for 3 out of the 4 units,
Dominica being out of it. Now we are hearing of yet another proposal
for federation.
This one carries the imprimatur of a number of West Indian'.intellec-
tuals and prominent personalities including Sir Hugh Wooding, Sir Arthut
Lewis (both Chancellors of West Indian Universities) a former Governor
- Sir Fred Phillips -and (in suspicious prominence) both the Presid.
ent and the Secretary of the regional trade union. known as the CaribN.
bean Congress of Labour. Parenthetically, it may be observed that in
his very able recent address to the Governors of the Caribbean Devel-
opment Bank, Sir Arthur did not then list political federation as one
of the bases for"improved conditions'for the people of the West' Indies6
This new group gives a number of reasons for its urgent recommen-
dation of a new federation. They are: (1) National Identity (2) Econo-
mies in the cost of External Representation (3) Economic Integration
(4) Efficiency from a Federal Public Service and (6) a means of Safe-
guarding Civil Liberties.
We have heard the past of some of the reasons listed, but
Nos. (1) and (6) are novel and can bear some examination.
Perhaps a quotation from the text of the Statement issued will help
some readers understand what these very learned personalities have in
mind on the subject of Identity. I accept with patience and resignation
a blind spot in my brain about this identity business. I have never
understood it, particularly when used as an explanation of the attit-
ude of some West Indian youth. Note, however, in the quotation'what
appears to be a glaring contradiction: for according to Messrs. Wooding,
Lewis et al, a national identity already exists and they have found it
from their youth. This search for identity and purpose of which we. have.
heard so much is a puzzlement to me. My frank view on this matter is'
that youth, having departed from contact with God, therefore, in the
words of St. Augustirn, their hearts find no rest until they rest in
God. However here is the quotation:
"National Identity. It is a mark of our times that over most of the
world many of the finest minds in the rising generation are lost in
a search for identity and purpose. Our young people :suffer from
this more than others, because in-addition to the questions which
other young people ask themselves, our young people also ask quest-
S.ions about racial, ,cultural and national identity to which they can
find no satisfactory answers. . ..
(CoLcluded on -page four)


Page Two

leblanc Government I~ot VWanted
In The Windward Group
by olbn. A. MOISE, Leader of the
The Gairy, Compton, and Mitohelol
Government have slammed the door on
the Leblanc Governmentsface, thus
leaving Dominica in Isolation in
the Windward Group. The three
Islands' Premiers have come together
and made a firm determination for
unification very wise step indeed,
but have ignored Leblanc in their
discussions though Dominica is one
of the four Windward Islands. This '
action needs argument, but has
proved to us and to the world how
much do they consider the Leblanc
Has any other Commonwealth Carib
bean Island been treated so crudely?
Can the Mr.Leblanc bear such a
shame? Are you a Statesman? Well,
if so, you should know what to do.
A man of integrity should stand
down, because'your Government is
not wanted. Your fate is worse than
that of Burnham, Gairy and Compton
have left you in Mid-Ocean.
Will H.L. Christian take you to
the Leewards Group, or are you
standing alone? Maybe Eugenia can
help you if you approach her, since
Armour and Francis can do nothing
for you. During our debate in the
House of Asserbly'for the reduction
of the voting agey Ronald Armour
contended that it was something
which should be discussed at Carib-
bean level, but the other Islands'
did not see it that waye Again.,
during the CARIFTA Legislation that
same Ronald Armour made another
stupid statement by saying "We have
to do some sacrifice for our cousins
in. the Caribbean"-,'when the only
reason for such flattery is because.
The Seditious and Undesirable Publi-
dation Act has made the Government
quite unwholesome in the eyes of
the other Caribbean Government. No
matter how much you try to do and
say with Radio ,Dominica your Cousins
in the Caribbean will still ignore
you, and- in conclusion I say to Mr.
Leblanc and his Ministers:-
'The Leeward Islands and the others
may reject you just as your friends
.Gairy and Compton did. You cannot
go to South America, (concl col.2)
tconcl. col.2)

WONDER bux t i.
Say the clippings, Luis is one of
the 10 top dancers in the world. He
is a poet and the national chess
champion of Colombia. He has had
four audiences with the Pope, but
each time was asked by the Pope not
to divulge the subjects of those
talks, Luis was born in 1959 in
Bogota. He.has five brothers and
two sisters (all normal). Two days
after his birth, Luis "died". He
"died" for 16 hours and while all
stretched out in his little'coffin,
he started to cry. And that, appar-
ently, was the start of the whole
mysterious thing.
He started formal schooling at
the normal age of five, but whistled
through the usual 12 years in five
years. He never played like a real'
child. He didn't want to. He spent
all his time at his books.
He has travelled all over the
place lecturing and:-appeari=g-on "
(tele iBahamas Thibune)
LEBLANC GOVT. (fr. column one)
so the best thing is to dissolve
Parliament, and let Ronald Armour
prepare a Government for the Mass
Funeral which he announced sometime
agoe The world is in expectation of
it, and this is one of the main
reasons why the Windwards Premiers
have discarded. the Dominica Govern..
ment in their discussions. They
have respected their peoples' views,
and that is why they could unify
themselves and'separate the sheep
from the goat..' A. MOISE.
i -


Young Canadian seeks penpals to
exchange stamps and correspond in
556 -Godbout,
Pr ovina De Quebec, C A N AD.A
To Mark the Fourth
Anniversary of Freedom's Great
Struggle Against The Seditious
& Undesirable Publications-Act
holding..a PUBLIC MEETING in
Freedom Street, L A G 0 I on
Wednesday July &th 1972
at 8.30 p.m.

THEre TF ynr

tEW SPATE OF FEDERATION TALK by Androcles (from p.2)
"The signatories to this document grew up conscious of themselves
as West Indians. We have a common way of life, a common West Indian
literature, and q separate culture watered by streams from Africa,
Indig, China, Britain, France, Spain,fPortugal, the Netherlands and
"We were proud of our diversity, .seeing in it a source of strength,
with potential for actual superiority in human relationships.
"The break-up of the West Indies .Federation undermined this sense
of nationhood:. it left us all. emntiorially poorer, and condemned our
young people 'td be a generation without a sense of belonging.
I hope Black.Power activists will not dismiss the view that there
already exists a West Indian culture which is watered by "streams from
Africa. *.Britain. ..France..., and elsewhere." I personally wholeheartedly
accept this .view. ;Thus I have never had need to seek for identity and
purpose' and -an therefore get on with the mundane business of trying
to improve myself and my environment;. I think, too, that it is exaggera-
tion to say that the break-up of the 4-year federation in 1962 "under-
mined'this sense of nationhood...and condemned our young people to be
a generation without a sense of belonging". Thoseof us who lived
through thisperiod did not-experience-such a traumas Moreover, in in.
dependent States-like, say, Trinidad,! it is difficult to see much
significant difference -in nationhood, as far as the young people are
concerned, between nationhood of Trinidad and that of an Eastern Carib-
bean Federation which Trinidad would dominate in any -ase. I do not
think that this identity business a strong argument for federation.
) Rather -stronger, I feel, is reason o.6 --.federationas a'means
of safeguarding civil liberties. O-ne quotation must, ring bells in the
minds of Dominicans: "Civil liberty is fragile in small societies. A
-charismatic leader can exert undue influence on those who disagreee with.
him and so restrict the liberties of the citizen". Another quotation
used by "E.L.C." the well-known columnist of the Barbados Advocate-
News" is worth recording toot "A small unit on its own, under self-
government, can easily become a dictatorship,...A Federal Arny and a
Federal Police Force will be a safeguard against local dictatorship in
any unit and an influence in maintaining the rule of law..."
However, I must say that I agree with Mr. Barrow, Prime Minister of
Barbados, who has said with great finality that he: is not interested
at this stage in all this federation talk, .preferring to concentrate
national energies on rratters basic to his country, particularly economic
development. The needs of many of the units of the recommended federa-
tion are so great, that it is a crime to deflect attention and energies
from these to the eternal West Indian subject of federation which, by
itself, cannot provide these very basic needs which should be met before
there is any question.of federation.
Miss Josephine Josephs, Graduate Teacher, returned home yesterday
from the Mona Campus of the University of the West Indies where she
completed a one-year course of training leading to the Diploma in
Also arriving were Miss Hearle Powell (one-year course of training
leading to Certificate for Teachers of the Deaf) and Mr, James Hender-
son, Headteacher, (Certificate in Education).
The candidatesnominated were: MessrS. Renix Auguiste, Esau Darroux,
Lawrence Darroux, Faustulus Frederick.*,Mas Clem Frederick, Whitney
Frederick, Noel Francis, Jerome John, Mayll Nicholas, Jerome Octave,
'Gerald Sanford, Nevines Valmond, and Eden Williams.

Friday, June 30, 1972


Page Foup

Page f1Te

(The following ranif~s.o was posted in Melville Hall airport by a student
returning from .iona Campus on Tuesday 27th'E t
The situation in Dominica,; though J.t has never been good, has deteriorated
to such an extent that key aroas of economic, educational, and social life
are controlled by-a few exploiters whose actions d.. aspirations are in no
way in the interest of the people. These areas c4i be enumerated quite jott-
S Y1). Ed cation is controlled by the Church, mostly the Rome-based catholic
missi'onaies whi have shown themselves to.have an uncanxy and detrimental
influence on education and its development in the.state.
2), Such financial institutions like banks and insurance are in the hand
and exploitative grip of alien concerns who undertake the capitalist functions
of bleeding and violating the people of the state.
3).. The greater'part of the arable land is owned:by-a small group of cri-,
minal exploiters who as parasitic as they.are live off the sweat of the. long.
down-trodden agricultural workers.
4), The government is controlled by a small clique of people who are firmly
entrenched within the b6urgeoisie.or whose aspirations are .consonant with
this exploitative group.
5), The government of the state, by its close and inseparable dependence
on foreign governments, continuously permit neo-colonialism which is clearly.
against the interests of the people.
6). The press is controlled by a smallgroup. within .the bourgeoisie, This
group, to serve and further their an interests, distort public opinion and
even twist the views of the people.. :. .
7)..While the people are in dire need of schoolsafid hospitals, superp.olice
stations are being built to do violence to the people. The government is
throwing monqy away armin'd the defence force, while the people. whom we need
to defend ourselves against (England and .America) are instead: responsible "
for our defence,'
8), In the past, the government in collusion withk'.ho bourgeoisie,: has
placed their so-called educated into'jQbs where their acquired skills could
not be put to the service of 'the people As long as the trained people suc-
cumbed to the pervasive corruption of the system everything has been considered
to be al right. Thus a doctor in agriculture is locked up in his office signing
papers, far from the land; a biologist runs a. radio station and another
agriculturist edits a readtionar y newspaper. Senile government lackeys are
sent abroad to fail, exams, many government appointments being based on close*
ness to senile old age. Cert. Eds and Dip. Eds are. looked up, in offices far '
from the place where they belong, the classroom.' .
Hearing the cries of the people who are unable to keep up with the rising
cost of living being paid less and less, unable to sent their children'to
school (even as in a few cases when receiving a $1h a month scholarship,)
unable to pay exorbitant doctors' charges and the price of medicine, unable,
to remain on the land producing uneconomical .ropa, unable to channel their
views to the government, we must take a.stand '
To coincide with their wish for devebIpmen the needs of the people are
plentiful. More urgent ones are:
S1). Total control of their education 2) A higher standard of living for
themselves and their children; 3). Enough hospitals and a welfare servi"d to
care their sick and elderly 4), Collective. ownership' of- -all the lands in
the country; 5).' Good roads to transport their produce; 6).. Money redirected
from fear-instlling institutions.and concentration camps (police stations)
to more productive areas of social and economic life. All these arise from
the socialist consciousness of the people. We therefore commit ourselves to
work with the people towards achievement of our socialist goals.
Some of. our.more specific objectives, both short.term and long term,, area
1). Refusal to be employed in areas where we are not in service to our people;
2). We will work against the interests of the bourgeoisie, thereby helping
in the development of the mass of the people;
S(Concluded on p. 6)
.a i . "<*" .^ -' -^ ^ ^ *i B,

en2 idaF Jtays SO, 197X

-.--. 'THE STAR

Page Six .

Fiction MA TITINE by Cynthia
Ma Titine sat back against her
settee with a sigh of deep content-
ment. She looked quizzically across
the room at Baby and Ge;.elia who
were reclining relaxedly in arm-
"Well Titine" Baby broke in at
last "you done it againJ Dat was a
fine party! Everybody talking about
it. Garcon, Reuben tell me Ancine
was enraee. She say you ti.nk you
is de fus lady of dee State.
They all burst out laughing. "Let
her hop.mad," replied Titine. "She
too sotte I doan have nothing again
her: Since de time I finish wid all
dat nonsense. I doan even know if
she alive if I doan see her: Well
de bes news I have for you-all is
dat dey ax me to come to de stoodio
of Radio Dominica to have a inter-
view wid Joan Seaman--i"
"Wat dey interviewigU you about?'
enquired Genelia. '
"Well," Titine replied pompously,
"after all I do plenty tings for de
state, look I heah dey tinkin
serious now about de Niational Park'
An' all dose parties an jumbie sales
I give to colleck money for dem for
diffahrent programs, well, you doan-
expeek dey would always have to
interview me sometime enh?"
Baby winked slyly at Genelia,
"Titine getting' big papa. Jus now
she waan want us for her fren" Papa
she goin to be in gros bougs
Ma Titine bristled, "Doan talk
betise Baby' you mean I trying to be
bigger dan you-all? Doan talk sot
like dat again. If I go up all we
tree go up. You two is de bes fren'
I have an we going to share everything
togedder "
"I was only pulling you leg Titine'
said Baby, "you know I doan mean
what I say dere."
Genelia rose and went to the
liquor cabinet, "all you can talk,
but I tussty. Wanna drink all-you?"
Before waiting for a reply she poured
out three glasses of Votrix. "Dat is
a real good drink," Titine smacked
her lips. "Me, I not drinking no rum
Genelia choked on her drink,
Titine you is a good one' Who you
foolin? I know you dossen drink rum
plain when it have company,(Next col.

Friday June 30, 1972

I). We will do everything in our power
to break the monopolistic hold of the
church and it bourgeoisie. collaborators
on the social institutions and the media
rhich provide propaganda to the people;
4), We will put our skills, be it as
teachers or otherwise to the service of
the people; 5), Ie will expose all those
opportunists(be they university students
or otherwise) who ii their words try to
identify. with the people but in their:.
actions (fetes, homes, attitudes) betray
the progress of the people; 6), We will
work with all groups whose aim it is to
reorganize education and job emphasis
in Dominica tg the benefit of the people;
7). We will learn the language of the
people (p'tois) as part of our culture
development and as a means of communi-
cating-with the people; 8). We will
iork with our less fortunate brothers
and sisters who have no incentive for
Given this practical and open identi-
fication with the struggle of the people
against continued exploitation we are
ensuring the end of the bourgeoisie class
and placing ourselves solidly within the
noble strugles of the people.
"Each and every one of us will pay on
demand his part of the sacrifice...
knowing that all together we are getting
ever closer to the new man 'whose figure-
is begfi o appear."
(Sga): J.V. Bardouille; Hannah Clarendcn;
Swinburne Lestrade; Calvin Patriok;
Josephine Josephs; Irving Clarendon;
Edward Caudeiron; Paula Trotter; Alfreda
Bellot; Edward Lambert.
But you tink I doan see de- bottle
behind your bed? HaI Hal Hal"
Titine chuckled, "you would make a
good- deticktif, Genelia. How come you
see it? I deo push it far inside."
'Well it wossen far inside Maybe
you dee take a little ouvert youx and
forget to push it far back enough."
They all laughed, then Baby said:
I'I heah dose house at Canefield nice.
I wan to apply -for hne.."
W'Jha you wahn to do' Rent you house
like a Minister to foreigners for big
1 profit? Shame on you, BabyI." cried
Titiue and Sonelia, almost in unison.

Essay Competitions for both Primary
and Secondary Schools wiill be a feature
of th6 Dominica ICational Day Colebra-
tions, 1972
The topic selected for Priihary Schoolso
is 'My Counltry and Me" (SD pasge? O0)


ncidaz, April I0j LkL-THk
19Z=72 T*r T A V

(VU rua V IC I.U T UJl,
(V I C I S TI,

V .CL Iu'l J AE.jrE )Ui
G A L I'L A E E )*-

You have conquered, 0 pale Amerindian. Your parting depleted this land:
But those who rejected your teaching were youths who did not understand.
They wanted to narrow their world to a small little state in the.sun,
Not knowing that all cdris'tian brothers are the brothers of everyone.
Enduring your premature absence, with weeks of good learning lost,
Will the minds you awoke come to life again and comprehend what it cost
Hot only to yQu, who have suffered, but to those who are suffering now
In obscure and penniless villages, beneath many a sweating brow?
SeeiAg their sons untutored, with wildness rampant, ahd orime
Lurking to snare the drifters and their younger brothers in time...
You have. conquered, O0 pale Amerindian, and we know this fact to our shame
St. Mary's may rise from disaster, but the school will not be the-same;
There will always be the reproaches which no true man dare disown:
"They brought us the bread of knowledge, but all we gave was a stone."
*Note: The english poet 'inbAurne wrote a long 'Bymn to Proserpine' (on
the proclamation in 'iome of the Christian Faith); he, lamented in
it the "Gods dethroned and deceased, cast forth, wiped out in a
day" and the loss of hedonistic pagan gods, displaced by those who
were"merciful, clothed with pity" (the Christians). The most
famous words in this poem are
Thou hast conquered, 0 pale Galilean,,.-
-Rose 0 uses the metre of this sad, great and bitter.'poem to write
what she calls 'a minor tribute to Brother Estrada'.
t *- ____

Dear Editor,
1) I would like to stress
to the so-called Selectors of D.A.S.A.
and the officials -- pick th6 correct
side to represent our Island, and not,
those who go about "Drinking and moving
2) I would like the Sel-
ectors to be around when League Matches
are played rather thianin places of en-
tertainment or rumshopsJ
S3) Can the Selectors give
the public and sports lovers the reas-
on why BERTRAND wasn't picked to go to
St. Thomas on the Thirteen Players
chosen to represent Dominica on that
tour? Is it because he isn't playing
in the R.A.S.A. League? Why keep him
4) As a sportsman and
sportsfollower, I'd like to know the
reason why the three members of the
Team who were omitted from the first
Match were called up to go to StThomas
before Bertrand, or if they are judging
him on his first Innings of the Second
Finally,, Selectors and
Officials, we want no ROSEAU AIMATEUR

The most widespread flooding in
U.S. history, with a death toll of
some 10 iive .and millions of dol-
lars damage as the hurricane cut.
a spectacular path through several
States (including l4ew York and
Pennsylvania) caused major disas-
ter areas to be declared The
full extent ofthe blow has yet to
be assessed, and national aid was
called into being as the reports
came in,

The British Government has given
St. Kitts a gift ship "LIAMUIGAI" to
replace the CHRISTEI&A which sank
between St.Kitts Nevis on Aug. 1
1970, claiming over 200 lives. In.
a ceremony at Basseterre, "Miss- '
St.Kitts 1971-2" Hazel Brookes,-
christened the ship when Mr. John
Marnham, British Govt. Representa-.
tive to the Associated States, made
the hand-over to Premier Bradshaw.
We have not yet heard'.whether
the funds collected ,after the
hristena disaster have yet been
totally distributed to' sufferers'
RAY ILLINGWQ TH is England's Captain
in the last 3 tests against Austral-

Pgne 7

m T T r 0 r*' A RD


Page Eight TH
SIESTA will alter that.

O ae or two tablets before
will induce, sound restful,


S IES T A also helps relieve ~ervous-
ness during the day.
$r.8o per box of 18 Tablets.
A^L -*sA .


July Sat, ist $2.oo
July Sat. i5th $2.00
Aug Sat. 5th $2.5o


Letter Trays, Office Punches,
Paper Clips, Staplers and Sta-.
ples, Pencil Sharpers, Letter
Openers, Box Files, Expand-

ing Files, Bo
Guard Files,
Bulldog Clips,



Blotting Pads,
Waste Paper

Tubs, Drawing Pins, Addi n g

Machine Rolls,



& Ink, Etc. Etc..



Ekas~YX~~B~s ~ WIN%! I Ns

-IP gC _ i -

The Viva went through far. more than the
usual testing that goes into a new car.
Because it was test-proved at 'Punishment
Park'-Vauxhall's unique 700 acre proving
ground at Millbrook in Bedfordshire.
Test-proved for strength, safety,
reliability and protection.


Offers for sale on behalf of The Receiver o f
SDom-Can Timbers Ltd., the following vehicles
which are in good running condition and h a v e
been repainted:
Ford Pickup Truck Reg.- 2905 s5,ooo.oo0
Ford Pickup Truck Reg, 2906 $5,ooo.oOl
Ford Bronco Reg./- 3062 5,ooo.oo
Ford Bronco Reg. 95 $ ,2oo.oo0
The vehicles may be inspected at the Company's
Office between the hours of 7.30 a.m. to 4.30 pm
daily Monday to Friday. ta-


Available at

-Ilwpi 's MAW^

.Fridajy, June. 30, 1.972 _THE -STAR .P ... .. Page luie.,

"'WEST INDIAli SOCIETIES" by David:Lowenthal
(published for the Institute of Race Relations, by Oxford University
Press, Ely House, 37 Dover Street, London, W.I.;U.K. Price 4.50)
"The West Indian social order, however stressful, displays no rigid
polarities but rather a continuum within which individuals occupy a
variety of shifting positions" -- thus Mr. Lowenthal, in his.preface,
forecasts the swift change in social thought which the upsurge of
black.consciousness on many university canfpuses has brought about.
since his book went to press. This brilliant study cannot be faulted
for its research and Wide choice of references -- both for its colon-
ial history (critically filtered from its largely expatriate sources)
and its; pointing-up of the close relationship .between class and colour.
Each step is carefully planned and readers are warned that "dipping"
will only lead to confusion; conclusions must be taken in their full
context. For instance, dictionaries may give many -definitions of
"creole" but Lowenthal uses it. as "a genetic term to distinguish white,
coloured and black West Indians from all others *.. there is no sub-
stitute for 'Creole'".(p.33). Advisedly, this review adopts this defin-
ition throughout.
The mini-state nationalism that tends to stress the difference..
between the various islands is well shown up by a detailed exposition
of their similarities -- even to stratification of class by colour.
.Social elevation was obtained for the next generation by deliberate-
mating to produce a lighter skin or more Caucasian features -- andaspir-
ation absent in 1972 and similar to the acquired 'refined"' -teech. accent
of th& ambitious English working girl of'a generation ago.
The different ethnic minorities are well categorised in relation the Creole majorities: Black Carib myths are exploded; Amerindians,
Maroons, Bush iJegroes and Javanese, outnumbered, only wish to be'lert
alone and seldom wish to be integrated into, the Creole comtnunity.'On
the-other hand, "Jews, Portuguese, Chinese and.Syrians ... fill great
gaps within the West Indian economic and social structure left, vacant by,
or taken over from, Creoles." The latter (as many.Cre.ole politicians
have discoVered) even in elite circles prefer talk to the hurly-burly
of business. Thus, Creole politicians have little economibccontrol of
their countries' destinies,. North Atlantic salesmanship keeps neo-
colonialism booming with demands for the import of consumer goods --
inevitably causing serious trade imbalances, and primary export receipts
(the backbone of Uthese mainly agricultural communities) are mbre often
than not- offset by local demands ifor what is "o locally grown. /
A generation-gap shows, in the- chapter on racial and national. ident-
ity. International communication and Black Consciousness have, during
the past two years; made great inroads among the young.eli-tist intellect-
uals -- separating them from their European-conventionalised parents.
The workingg class' Creole under the age of 30' is also emotionally
affected,. with results often upsetting to the hoped-for tourist dollar
and the cushy ministerial posts of would-be, elitist politicians (who
must quickly drop.their quasi-European arrogance.,hd make a fast about-
turn or be turned out)., .But "happenings.,now" do hot wait 'for typist or
publisher -- perhaps the Institute of Race, Relitions has a further study
of these phenomena in progresss.
To witness, among other things, ttherarrogance of most Creole rle'rs
(unconsciously. copied from:the Colonial "massa") and the whittling away
rather than building up, of civil liberties, David Lowenthal travelled
the Caribbean for 18 years of social change. This study of West Indian
Societies has the validity of -trdth culled from its very source esp-
ecially in regard to Dominica, the Guianas, Barbados, Jamaica abA Mont-
serrat. This book should be required reading for every serious Creole --
school teachers, civil servants,'politicians, and economists -- and. 'all
generations of the Creole elite. N"t t4.1SV P--- Kihow thyself.

Page Ten T HE

S*T*A*R*S*P*O*R*T*S- by Morchriston
Excellent pace bowling by
Massiet8/535in the second innings
helped by Lillee(2/50) limited England-
116, This left Australia 81 runs to
win which they did for the last 2
wickets. Francis 9 and I.Chappell 5.
Massie ended up with the"record figures
of 16/137 in his .first test appearance.
The five match series is now squared
and the stage seems set for a specta-
cular summer show.
At the end of the first days play
in. the first of two trial matches to
select an under-19 Leewards/Aindwards
team, our boys were skittled out for
While the leaders were crumbling,
opener Sebastien played a stalwart
innings which lasted over-. 100 minutes
(to the 7th wicket)for 26.,
At the point Abraham joined Francis
and between them they put on a little
over a half century. Francis top scored-
with 56no.,Sebastien_26 and Abraham 16W
It was the paceman Hugh Gona, the
captain of the Leewards team who routed
our boys: he has played under*19
cricket in Barbados while he attended
school thereand he nowl plays for the
AnLigua National team .He finished with
6/33 off 19 overs, 9 of which were
maidens. Libur'4 1/22 and Cenac 2/25
were -the other successful bowlers.
'The teats areas Windwardsl Fraicis,
.d-Tfreitas, Sestietie ietnne, Abraham
Haynes, Brown,, Ailes, Phillip, Thomas,
*Cunind.ngs -
Lee~arrds:. Goa, Liburd, Mathurin
Parry, ,: Genac. i machoh; Williams,
fTckett, Eddy,, Skeritt, Richards.

Dear .Editor,. I have heard that heavy
plans are being made for the National
Day celebrations this year, but I guess
that no year can beat the very first
one with deceased. Niss'Cissy Boyd (Mrs.
Caudeiron). ." One reason is that
she was not selfish she could as
well make all. her performances -rith
her children and herself, but knowing
that all the young eager teenagers of
Sthe different schools would wish to be
in some thing other than the tmarch-
past't she created' dance, which in-
volved these enthusiastic children.
Why then can't the Siffleur Mon-
tagne leaders and the other leaders
like Alwin Bully,Daniel Caudeironf
(next colmn)

Friday, Jyne 30, 1972




For Secondary Schools the topic is
"How Can lWe Lift Ourselves Economically
by Our Own Bootstraps".
Printed & Published by the Proprietor,
R.E. Allfrey'of Copt'IHall 1M1'House at
26 Bath Road, Roseau, DOMINICA, W.I.

BACK IIi DOMI1TICA Sbnia Allfrey,
adopted daughter of the Publisher &
Editor, flew back home last Tuesday
for a lo rest and-vacation.

NEWS:- Here and Abroad...
ONIEY: The Floating Pound which' sur-
prised the world's money markets has
caused a general upset. We shall in-
form readers of current regulations
next week. Person living in U.K. can't
send more-than 1,000 a year to rel-
atives etc. () CABLE & WIRELESS has
been forced to raise international T &
T rates '.by-'20% in Dominica. (Government
agreement). Rates apply as rom July
U.N. World 'Food Program wa1l provide
foodstuff worth $86,,000 US to' the Reg.
Youth Camp in Dominica. EDUCATION=
St. Mary's Academy "will open again in
September with Father Felix as Head
assis' ed by Rupert Sorhaindo M.Sc. and.
other qualified lodal teachers. * *
(Govt. statement).i* The letter from
"Dominicans in Support of Progress"'
with a coverall address from N,.Y. came
to us too late for publication, aL4
Dominicans are an African people, isays
C'EST COMME CA... Parry Bellot and
Raymond Lawrence do the same?
All the te6nagers ever do is to
"snatch past"', pay money to see the
afternoon performances and jump-ups
on the fourth of November.
Remember, teenagers are leaders of
tomorrow. Cissy Caudeiron knew this
very well; that is Why she gave so
much of herself You, too, must do the
same IHave a dance or something to' in-
volve these teenagers. This at least
will encouraGe them to "follow your
steps". When you are no longer there,
they will be able to carry on.
If you give out of yourself to '
others, your names are not forgotten,
-but remembered and praised. Therefore
what then is holding YOU back?
DGS 5th Former, good reputation'& refs.
seeks holiday jobs office clerk Lab
Asst. or otherwise. Inf.- tel: 2971.

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