i STAR Si
LIBRARY co ont'lI o'UMiqi @5\DOM N0C N
C arRESEARCH INSTITUTE LLIS SAND ALFRE 26, BATH ROAD,ROSeau.
FOR THE STUDY OF M asss, ,A
S/- 162 EAST 78 STREET A
NEW YORK 21, .
.NEWYORK 21, member 3,, 1966 Seven Cents
V0L, ..L, L 'O NOV 4 '68
EASIER MATHEMATICS FOR CHILDREN
The head teacher of Ringland Jinioi
G Sco aSchool, Newport, iMonmouthlshire, is
making mathematics for juniors /
easier to understand by using
practical'exercises the children
can participate in. These
exercises are closely related to
og ames that children play, thus
giving them the opportunity to
work out problems within the con-
Stext of the game in progress.
The game these children are
"' 'playing (left) is called
PRINCIPALS ARE PARAMOUNT
1e have received a release from
Government stating that a committee
Scoahprised of Hon, L.I. Austin,
Chairman, Mr. Joffre J. Robinson, O.B.E., and Mr. C.S. Ielly has been appointed
to enquire into the general management, working and organisation of the Dominica.
Granmar School and to make recommendations accordingly.
In this heading 'Principals are Paramount', we do not confine our remarks to
Headmasters, but include Headmistresses and women'head teachers as well. In our
view, a school is made or broken by the Principal...save for dire outside inter-
vention. Now this means that the creative and strong Head-must be allowed free
play for his or her ideas. We had a friend whose son was 'put down' before birth
for one of the two greatest English public schools. When the boy reached the age
of entry this parents discovered that the headmaster upon whom the reputation of
the school depended was retiring. The man widely-named as his successor, a
brilliant youngish academician, unexpectedly accepted a post as headmaster of one
of the so-called 'third-rate' public schools in England: one which was not founded
in the 14th or 15th centuries. Everyone who knew the parents expressed amazement
at their giving up such a social advantage when they transferred their son to
the 'third-rate' school. But for the boy, at least, they made the tight choice.
The new Head brought out the best inthe school and in the students, and their boy
is now considered a potential genius.
This tale is a preaonble. The Dominica Grammar School, which educated my uncles
and many another stalwart citizen, both past and present, has had its ups and downs.
We hoar old people saying "In the days of Mr. Beauchamp... and others: "Since
the time of Mr. Pidduck..." or (later still) "In the days of Mr. Victor Archer..."
and we know they are harking back to a remembered excellence or imprint.
It is difficult for such an imprint to be attained when a school is used as a
political pawn-. The newly built Dominica Grammar School has been that, from its
planning stage. Even the technical wing, donated by the U.S.A. through the Federal
Government has not been exempt from such tarnishing. So while the three commiss-
ioners solemnly debate on staff, curriculum, Forms V & VI, the student body's
discipline and its activities, school societies, books, teaching aids and equipment,
syllabuses and examination results, we hope they will consider with intent the
Paraziountcy of Principals.
WORDS TO REPM1ER: "My Government has made certain errors which have balled for more
hard work.,.Though administrators were zealous, they lacked experience."-FIDEL CASTRO
rageTwoTHES'i2R SturaySeptmbe 3,196
WHAT THE LITTLE BIRD SANG
By C.L.R. James
About 1890 my father was about 15
years of age. He had an experience
of which only during the last two
years hage I understood the full sig-
nificance. He told the story often,
but he died, some 70 years after it
had.happened to him, without under-
He kept birds in a cage. Every
morning he cleaned the cage, put in
fresh water, and a piece of 'banana-
sick-wee' as he called it I arpell
it entirely phonetically. One morn-
ing he was cleaning the cage, and
his- hand slipped. The bird escaped
and flew to the top of the sapodilla
tree, singing liketmade It circled
the top of the tree, then sat on th6
topmost branch, publicising its joy
at its liberty.
"Well. he's gone," said my father,
He was wrong, After this outburst of
song, the bird flew down and re-
entered the cage!
My father was an adventurous per-
son. Next morning he himself let the
bird out to see what would happen.
The bird flew high, sang again, and
then came back down into his cage.
Ever afterwards my father let him
out every morning and he did always
the same thing, flew around, sang
and then came back.
My father never knew what song he
sang so loudly and energetically.
Neither did I, for 50 years, it is
only during the last two or three
years that I have learnt precisely
what he was singing. As he sat on top
of the sapodilla tree, he sang "In-
dependence'" and then he flew down
back into the colonialist cage to
his free water and his little piece
of free fig. as related in The
BROTHER TAKES OVER
During the absence on leave (in
Britain) of Hon. J.M.D, Bousquet, his
brother Alan (Minister without Port-
folio) takes over His Ministry
(Communications Works & Labour).
ANTIGUA SUGAR FACTORY BANKRUPT,
In July, thousands of factory
workers were dismissed by the Antigua
Sugar Factory, drawing sharp comments
Antigua Sugar Factory (contd)
from Government spokesmen that it
was a plot to wreck Antigua's eco-
nomyo Now the ancient firm, which
was bought by a syndicate when the
Shands sold out at the turn of the
century, has gone into liAidation,
Receiver of the estate is Mr0 James
Watson of the Millreef Club, one-
time engineer and manager of the
BRITAIN: Several firms in England
are sacking employees because of
the Government's wage & prices
freeze. One of the largest of these
is Singer Sewing Machines,
THI THIRD MAN: Mrs. Harry Roberts,
wife of an alleged criminal wanted
by Police in connection with the
brutal murder of three of their com-
rades, appealed over television to
her husband to give himself up. The
man's mother had made a similar ap-
peal the week previously,
HUT;TING THE PUMA:A For three whole
years a Puma (small American moun-
tain lion) has been at large in the
woods of Surrey, England, after its
escape from captivity. Recently an
appeal for "ten courageous men" to
nunt and trap the clever beast drew
forth 100 replies. It is hoped that
the Puma will be trapped or netted
alive, instead of being shot on
sight by some startled woodsman,
D. A. W. U. Change of Address
As from Thursday, 1st September,
1966 the office of the Amalgamted
Workers' Union will be situated at
the top floor of Noa 49 Kennedy
Avenue; that is the building at. the
corner of Queen Mary Street and
Kennedy Avenue commonly known as
"Boysie in Lagoon".
MISS BETTENSON LEAVES
After a three week stay in Domin-
ica Miss Anne Bettenson O.B.E, U.K.
expert in 'Factory Inspection left on
Sunday morning. Before she left Lab-
our Commissioner, Riviere, gave a
good-bye party for her at Castaways
on Saturday night, Miss Bettenson con-
ducted a Seminar on"Safety & Health
in Industry" at the D.G.S. last week.
viStud s viewed the few factories
Saturday, September 3, 1966
Saturday, September 3, 1966 THE
QUEEN AND COMMONWE .TH
Her Majesty sent personal
messages of sympathy to the rel-
atives of some 100 British holiday
-makers who were killed in an air
crash in Jugoslavia while travel-
ling by Britannia airlines. ***
The Queen will entertain only 14
out of 23 Commonwealth Heads of
State next week. *** The Duke
of Edinburgh's mother, Princess
Alice of Greece, is in hospital
suffering from a liver complaint.
She is 81 years old. *** The Labour
Governrnnt's rwatrictions on for-
eigh travel funds will prevent
Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh
from playing polo with the English
team in Argentina. (CP) ***
COMMONWEALTH P.Ms CONFERENCE
This week the British Govern-
ment has held long and serious
meetings in preparation for the
forthcoming Conference. Major
problem for the Cabinet was Rhodes-
ia. There will also be a world
political review including Viet
Nam, as first item. A debate on
Southwest Africa within the U.N.
context (area to which the World
Court refused home rule some weeks
ago), also the global crisis be-
tween haves and have-nots will
be thrashed out; as well as.
Common Market and Sterling points.
One of the missing Heads of
State is President Kenneth Kaunda
of Zambia,vhu said that his For-
eign Minister will lead Zambia's
delegation and that. J!certain
proposals will be put, and their
outcome will decide whether or not
Zambia leaves the Commonwealth."
The proposals refer to Rhodesia.
*** Sir Albert Margai, Prime Min-
ister of Sie rra Leone, had some
bitter words to say on his land-
ing in Britain last Monday about
"Rhodesia's continued insults to
the Crown". Ie added: "I hope
that not only the British Govt.
but also the people of Britain
and indeed the world at large will
by now have come to the irrevoc-
able conclusion that much more and
compelling action should be taken
if we are not to betray.the vast
majority 6f people in that part.
of Africa*" .o. ie Bri-sla-i P, des-
cribed Rhodesias latest internal
political moves asainvalid and
denounced the white minority ***
STAR Page Three
Two Dominicans obtained UWo.I
passes in the recent examinations
for BA..&-B.c., degrees:- -Miss
Josephine E. Josephs (College of
Arts & Sc2enco, Barbados)-- B.A.;
,Mr. Fitz-:Obert Riviere BoSc. Econe
Albert No Matthew, Legal Asst. of
A.C,.'s Office, is one of 238 Common-
wealth candidates to gain an award;
leading to; an LIoMo degree at the
London School of Economics & Political-
Mr. Alick Lazare of the P.W.Do
has been awarded a one-year Overseas
Course in Government and Development
under the U.K. Tech. Assistance Progo
The Nine Dominican girls .-elected
for domestic employment in Canada
left for that, country by air yesterdc.
Health Inspectors, Health Nurses
and Health Visitors from all over-
Dominica were addressed by Hon. W.S.
Stevens at PT.i.H. last Monday;
this was followed by discussions.
CA\TADIAN AID BURSARIES: Candidates'
should put, in their applications o --
the Education Officer before Sept.1i5.
Awards. (3) to) Dominica will be based
on Ti' Scholarship Exams. and will
be tbnable in those subjects which
are offered either at Mona,Jaraica,
Trinidad or Barbados. Yor details,
consult the Education Office.
We have received a "release" on
National Day celebrations & competi.t-
ions which is too long to be treated
as, a free release. Interested person,
may call at, our office to study the
details or obtain the details- else-
where, including the P.R0:. 's office.
There is also a Courtesy Calyplso
competition at Carib Cinema on Sepqf 2-
CAMBRIDGE GCE Advanced and AD level
results have come in. Successful"
candidates include 2. from DGS, 2
from SIvLA, 9, from CHS and 7 Private.
This list is: also visible at STAR Off:
LOl1IiilCAls Primary schools, re-open
LATE NEWS$: Q Gfiu3And Communists
marched on Parliament, Delhi, demand-
ing P;Mo Indira Gandhi s resignation,
CANADA: The Archbishopa of Canterbury
on tour here said that the United
States had a moral right to be in Viet
Nam and "is there with the right
motive, withstanding Communist aggres-
sion'. His, statement caused comment
THE PROIL TS OF FERTILISING BAPI'IlA.S IN DOMINTICA
by D. A. Perryman (Gen. Man. Winban)
.Many farmers have expressed dissatisfaction with the 11:11:33 fertilizer
recommended to the Board of the Dominica Banana Growers' Association by
the WINBAN Research Scheme. This recommendation (and 12:12:30 before it)
was made following early results of the Scheme's NPK experiments in the
Windward Islands and because of the ubiquitous symptoms of potash defic-
iency to be seen in Dominica in 1962. Clearly, existing fertilisera,(mainly
5:10:10, 10:10:10 and 12:10:18), were too- law in potash. Furthermore in
manuy banana-growing countries, e.g. Martinique and Guadeloupe, banana fer-
tilisers have commonly 3 to 4 times as much potash as nitrogen.
When 12:12:30 (later 11:11:35) was adopted, Dominica's production rose
until for a time it pulled ahead of St. Lucia's although this was undoubt-
edly assisted by the free distribution of fertilizer following the 1963
hurricane. Nevertheless, this indicated that at the time, these fertilisers
were quite.suitable for Dominica conditions. In 1964, Dominica's average
bunch weight was the highest in the Windward Islands and the 1965 produc-
tion was a record.
In September 1964 a decline in bananas was noticed in some greas in the
hills near Roseau accompanied by unusual symptoms on the plants, This was
identified as megnesium deficiency. Some people felt that this was due to
the high potash in the fertilizer being used which caused an antagonism
with magnesium but samples of soil analysed in connection with experiments
immediately begun to show up, the magnesium problem, because the actual level
of magnesium found in the soil was exceedingly low, often zero. Moreover
the same in some cases applied to calium.n Thus there was revealed a fu.nda-
mental and dcurbing soil problem. Soils with calci:In and magnesium level's
as low as those found iwoul. uncdubtedly not' give goad resu vs; with the con-
, centrated fertilisers such as 11:11:33 or with the less concentrated ones
Such as 10 1!0:10, Moreover, all crops nctjust b_'anas, to a cmeater or
lesser extent would be affected. Further, it would be expected that soils
which are so low in calcium -and magnesium may well have trace element de-
The next step was to find out how much of Dominica is liable to be affec-'
ted by this problem. For this, the soil survey is needed and unfortunately
this is not yet published. However by dint of enquiry in Trinidad among
the naw soil survey data, a map was produced showing the areas of Dominica
most likely to be affected. This can be seen at the office of the Banana
Growers' Association in Roseau. It shows: that some three quarters of the is-
land, mainly the central areas., are affected. Of course this is not to s:ay
that three quarters of the banana producing area is affected but it is a
In these deficient districts, bananas cannot be expected to grow well
after the first one or two years unless the soils are treated to restore
missing nutrients. Moreover, it would be expected that the low concentrated
and cheaper types of fertilizer like 10:10:10 have no advantage over the
more conce ntrated fertilisers like 11:11:33, In view of the present beliefs
of a large number of growers it must be emphasised that 10:10:10 and simi-
lar manures are not ,the answer to calcium and magnesium deficiency: this
can only be overcome by application of lime and magnesium salts.
Another problem in Dominica's bananas is the apparent decline in yield
in bananas growing on the red soils of the north east. This is suspected to
be a trace element problem and will have to be investigated.
These difficulties indicate that there is a great deal of experimental
work on nutrition still to be carried out in Dominicao When the calcium and
magnesium problem was diagnosed, experiments in different districts of the
islands were laid down using lime, kieserite (a magnesium salt) and trace
elements. These are now one year old but a minimum of one year is needed
before any indication of correct methods of overcoming these deficiencies
are available. Further there are several other remedial techniques still to
(concle on page thirteen)
Saturday, Septemb~er 3. 19665
OUR FAVOURITE PEOPLE
'Mary' is not an uncommon name in Dominica, though its French variant
'Marie' is more usual. It remains one of the most beautiful and tranquil.
women's names in existence, not only for its sound but for its symbolism.
Thank goodness the hurricane-namers have not applied this name to a
middle-space virago. The Mary in this tale is easily recognisable to
friends and neighbours; we are among them,
Sometimes at sunset we see her appearing through the parted branches
of the protective red and russet acalypha hedge. She comes on the scene
like a brownie entering a glade not the Guide sort of Brownie, but a
type of woodland elf: and this illusion is co.rpleted by the little brown
check dress she is fond of wearing. Mary is between seven and eight, and
has g large head and a long oval face. Her head is covered with soft black
silk ringlets (we tried to count them once, and reached a dozen before she
hopped away!) As she skips into view, half-shy, half-smiling, the curls
dance on her neck. She loses, a sandal in the mud (far we seem to. live in
a bog in rainy weather), picks it up, and is boisterously greeted by Rags
Twotone, our dog. Mary is one of very few children who has never been
afraid of Rags. His demonstration of affection is so violent he puts
his huge paows o4 her shoulders and once knocked her over but Mary simply
says, hulloo Rags," or "down 1Rags!", waiting until someone comes to leash
the exuberant dog. Perhaps-to cover up her interest in another young and
exuberant male in the household this time a boy Mary explains her
visits by saying that she has 'come to see Rags'. The boy pretends not to
notice her, for he is at the 'boy disdains girls' stage of his life.'
Now the things we like atout little Mary are her unselfconscious aa-
ceptance of the unusual, and her delighful frankness. A kitchen built like
a birdcage decorated with a blue-flowered vine seems to her quite/natural'
place to cook in; if she surprises us in bizarre costumes she is never
in the least surprised, and we are therefore unembarrassed. VWen we once
asked her what she liked better than anything, she replied without hesi-
tation: "books." This reply further endeared her to us. Later she proved
that it was quite true, for every time she saw a child's book lying
around, she would pick it up and read it softly aloud at a good pace; now
and then, if the owner was willing, she would borrow one, Her honesty
compelled her to confess, once when she had lent in exchange a precious
book of the Peter Rabbit series, that she had come to take it away quickly
"for it didn't belong to me, and my Muzmmie was vexed," We wish that a
lot of other Dominicans had such scruples, since lending other people's
books to friends (until they vanish for ever) is a favourite local pastime.
You may think from this account of little Mary's solitary duskfall wan-
debings that she is an only child,,On the contrary, she has two good-
looking elder sisters; but she is the kind of small girl whom the Celts
call 'fey' and the French describe as 'feerique'o Her little solitary ways
may perhaps be ascribed to a childhood ailment which the eggheads are still
struggling to understand, With her usual frankness: she told us about it,.-
It issonmthing that children often 'grow out of'; the very malady which
kept Marcel Proust shut up in a claustrophobic room under the mistaken im-
pression that fresh air was bad for him, and which made an American
friend of ours, through his enforced solitary ways, a Barvard prizewinning
But recently we have hardly seen little Mary's shy piquant face against
our leafy barrier; and we learn that she had found a more boisterous
family teeming with children to make friends with. This is a good omen
for our dear little friend; but we miss her, and hope that whatever else
she may grow out of, she will never discard her delicate gentle wqys, and
her faculty for uncritical friendliness,
Saturday, September 3, 1966
Page Six THE STAR Saturday,September 3 1966
A BELOVED RABBIT by Joan Littlefield
Just a hundred years ago there was born in London a girl whose centenary
is being celebrated in many lands, The newspapers have been full of art-
icles about her; the journal she kept in code between the ages of 15 and
30 has been published, and in July Britain's National Book League put on
an exhibition of her work at its London headquarters
Her name was Beatrix Potter and she is known to thousands of children
as the author of "The Tale of Peter Rabbit", "The Tailor of Gloucester",
"Benjamin Bunny" and many other books, all beautifully illustrated by her-
"Peter Rabbit" appeared in 1902. "The Tailor of Gloucester" came in
*...1903, and as book followed book their popularity increased. Today they are
read by more children than ever before and have been translated into French,
German, Italian, Dutch, Spanish and other languages.,
Beatrix had a rather solitary childhood. Her parents were well off and
lived in London, but in the summer they moved to Scotland or the English
Lake District, and it was in these beautiful places that the girl's love
of nature took root.
She started drawing and painting when she was very young. There was a
detailed drawing of flowers in the London exhibition which she made when only
9- and some sketch books with lively drawings of animals done between the
ages of 7 and 10.
Beatrix used also to paint landscapes, village scenes, gardens and
flowers. She was interested in history, politics, literature, geology, nat-
ural history and botany. She made a detailed ~; ucldy of fungi and was fre,-
auently making studies of cats, rabbits, mice, horses and birds- She drew
butterflies, beetles, bats, spiders and other creatures.
She and her brother kept a variety of pets and when on holiday travelled
around with rabbits, hedgehogs, mice, lizards, toads, even snakes.
Beatrix's first success cane when she designed some Christmas cards
which were.published in Germany, She received 6 for a wet of six and gave
her pet rabbit, Bounce, a cupful of hemp seeds in celebration which, she
said,made him "partially intoxicated and wholly unmanageable."
It was Bounce, of course, who was the forerunner of Peter Rabbit. But
before Peter's arrival, Beatrix used to send picture letters to her young
friends. One of these dealt with the adventures of four little rabbits
called Flopsy, Mopsy, Cotton-tail and Peter, and it was from them that Miss
Potter prepared the manuscript of "Peter Rabbit" and "The Tailor of Glou-
When she was nearing 40, Beatrix Potter bought Hill Top Farm in the Lake
District and her subsequent work reflected her surroundings cottage gar-
dens and doorways, farmhouse interiors, her own village of Sawrey, in
Westmorland.,. ql4 became background for "The Roly-Roly Pudding, "The Tale
of Tom Kitten" and other stories,
Miss Potter lived in the Lake District for the rest of her life, working
as a sheepfarmer and gradually acquiring more land which at her death she
, bequeathed to Britain's National Trust. So visitors to Britain today can
see Hill Top Farm and Castle Cottage where she died in December 1943, aged
But still she lives on in the hearts of children and of those grown-ups
who still love her books and cherish them, particularly for the beautiful
A NiTE WORD %EOM A TRICK by John O'Hare
The Seven Dials district of London has a somewhat lurid history and nu-
merous colourful characters have lived there. Not the least of these was
James: Catnatch who added a new word to the English languages
James arrived from the North of England whdn a boy to become apprenticed
as a compositor. He mastered the craft and in 1813 founded his own printing
and publishing office in Seven Dialos
Saturday, September 3, 1966 THE STA g Page Seven
At that time single sheets of paper cAlled broadsheets, printed on
one side only, were sold cn the streetE', these contained the :,atest news"
items, and sometimes satires or ballads, Their advantage was t:.at they
could be set up and put on sale much more quickly than ordinary news.-
papers and cost only one penny when the usual papers were quite expensive
Until James Catnatch came aTong these sheets were shabby things, turned
out on inferior yellowish paper and blotched. Catnatch was the first man
to use good white paper and real printing ink in their production, an
innovation which started him on the road to fortune,
He turned next to publishing collections of popular songs at a penny a,
yard. He became the patron of numerous poets who lived in the Drury Lane
area of London and published their masterpieces in the same way,
Great events of the day, such as the trial of Queen Caroline and the
Cato Street Conspiracy, received the full treatment in his broadsheets.
It was out of one event that roused nation-wide interest that a new )
phrase was born. A man named Weare was murdered. When his murderer was
brought to trial, the subject waA a matter of eager discussion among all
sections of society and Catnatch's broadsheets had record sales. The accu-
sed man, named Thurtell, was found, guilty, interest dwindled. And then -
what was this?
"WEARE alive again." So ran the headline on Catnatch's broadsheet,
Or did it? After the broadsheets had been bought, the public saw their
mistake. The headline was really "WE ARE alive again," but the spacing
Between the first two w words was almost non-existent, "It's nothing but a
catchpenny, growled one annoyed purchaser, and the term stuck.
All the same, Jame Catnatch went on prospering and had to hire a hack-
ney coach to take the pennies to the Bank of England,
When people refused 'to touch his money, for fear of catching a fev,-i" ;---
from his hawkers who had handled it, he boiled it in potash and vinegar to ,
make it safe,
He increased the quantity of songs and the cry "Songs, three yards a
penny.'" became a familiar street cry. He became a rich man, retired to live:
the life of a country gentleman, and left behind as his memorial "a
AND HERE IS A RECENT USE OF THE TERM:-
"Catchpenny dreams.'" that is how President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia
described Britains "fruitless attempts to bring down Rhodesia by economic
LONG PLAYING RECORD WILL BE S.C.F. FUND-RAISER
A long-playing record by internationally-known artists launched in
Lonadon last week is lectd to provide the biggest-ever single money-
raising venture by the Save the Children Fund. f.. .
The record includes popular music from British recording stars such'as '.
Dusty Springfield, Harry Secombe, Frankie Vaughan, Cliff Richard, Johnny
Dankworth, Kathy Kirby and the Walker Brothers, who have all given their
Entitled Stars Charity Fantasia", it was made by Phillips Records: of
London, and cash from sales expected to top the 250,000 (WI $1,200,000)
mark by Christmas will be ploughed into the hundreds of projects run
by Save the Children Fund in 27 countries,
The cost of the record, which will be available for sale in all count-
ries by the end of October, will be 1 (WI $4,80)
..... __ __ .. 'A
Page Eight THE STAR Saturday, September ~,1966
E30OK REVIEWS BED AND PILLOW
IN YOUR LIBRARY: The Pillow Fight by Nicholas Monsarrat
An Error of Judgement by Pamela Hansford
A Sell of Burning by Margaret Lane.
To pass from the voluptuous vulgarity of Nicholas Monsarrat to the
boo.l and caustic writing of Pamela Hansford Johnson and then to the exqui-
site character studies of Margaret Lane is gaite a literary adventure,
-calculated to develop the critical sense of a reader. Let us take Nicholas
SMonsarrat first. Everything he has written since THE CRUEL SEA (definitely
a masterpiece of its kind) has scrld by the million; and this novel, which
is about a successful writer, reflects Monsarr'at's insight into the cor-
.rupting -effect of success. It begins in South Africa a land from which
most liberal thinkers shy away but he makes its landscape-beauty and
some of its inhabitants visually real. The heroine of the book is a dar-
ling, despite her obsession with bed, pillow and the "hero", They move to
New York, where he loses his ideals and she strengthens hers; toward the
end she becomes genuinely heroic and in an unbelievable volte face. goes
back home to face the work and the desperation, dragging him along. This
bok has higher attempted 'standards' than Monsarrat's THE NYLON PIRATES,
which is .about the most searing description of a giop of immoral tricksters.
anyone could want, and in which the only consistently noble character is
the Captain of a cruise ship, Any American magnate who reads the last-
: named book might well back away from a Caribbean cruise and settle for a
plane ride to Miamij Monsarrat is excruciatingly witty at times, florid,.
S-sex-obsessed, occasional tender; but never/6oring.
Pamela Hansford Johnson has never, in our experience, been boring be-
fore; she only touches the fringes of it at times in her" book AN ERROR. OF
'.JUDGEMENT, but I put it down to her,,change of style since she married C.P.
Snow some ten years ago. In earlier days, P.H.J. was an intellectual
Labour Party sort of writer who dared to make socialism both worth while
and amusing in her works: not that, her books were political., but her at-
' titude shone through. After a happy marriage with that famed Physicist,
".Director and classical writer Lord. Snow, who was elevated to the peerage
by a grateful Labour Party, has she begun to write rather like her husband?
Her books are always, however, well above average, and even if some char-
Sacters make you impatient, don't let that put you offer
S I would say that Margaret Lane's book is the best of the three novels.
It is a follow-up of a brilliant book she wrote about a woman falling
i overboard from a yacht, which was then rammed by a liner, and sank with
'her beloved husband aboard. Although Lady Lane (wffe of a famous publisher)
brings in 'new' people; everything they say and do is significant to the
'-me, which is as exciting as a murder mystery, .and infinitely touching.
S_-h.e.scription of that strange house in Morocco, inhabited by an English-
man who expects to die within a year, and of a poor innocent child un-
aware that she will be a victim, will absorb all sage the most indifferent
Plantation 200-300 acres to purchase. Preferably
under cultivation citrus. Dwelling not necessary.
Proximity to ocean unimportant. Land, if possible
should not be too steep. Box No. 107, The STAR
26, Bath Rd., Roseau.
Saturday, September 3y1966
Saturday, September 3, 1966 THE STAR Page Nine
B.W.I.oA Britain's Worst IslandsAirline?
by a Correspondent
For too long now confusion, negligence aad sheer carelessness has be.sn
occu.rng at the .airline office here in Roseau, Time upon time passengers
have arrived at the airport only to hear that their flight hasn't been con-
firmed, or worse still to be told that there are too: many people on an air-
craft and they will have to go tomorrow. It is not as if Melville Hall is
just ten minutes waay from town and.the nearest hotel, it is a long, long
drive. This sort of thing has been happening too often in the past few
months. We are reaching the stage in Dominica when the airport and the
planes which land there are of the utmost importance to the economy
of the Island. There was a time when Dominica was only served by the Heron,,/
and travellers, mostly commercial, could get in easily enough, but thei-r-
departure date was always a matter of luck, so their visits were very few.
and far between: with the event of the new and bigger Avro that situation
was rectified. But lately Dominica has been coming into the tourist picture
and many more people are stopping for short periods again the situation
of whether one can get put on a certain date has become difficult.
There is obviously a need now of another plane, but presumably there
Are difficulties to overcome, lack of staff being one of them. But these
things don't concern the average member of the public: what does concern-
them is this lack of interest when arriving at the airline office to book
Two caassin the past couple of weeks should never have happened. (1)
A man booked his ticket as far as Trinidad, it was confirmed, yet for some
unknown reason the ticket wasn't ready to be handed over to him in Roseau;
however, he was told all is in order, your ticket will be waiting for you
at Melville Hall, On reaching the airport on the date of his departure, no
ticket, nobody knew of its existence, not even the Manager. No one cared.,
but with the quiet and cold insistence of a very angry passenger the ticket
was finally presented, but with the remark 'we don't know if you are boced.
all the way to Trinidad,' (2) Two young school children going to London to
school, have been booked and confirmed as far as New York, the father was
told we don't know any more after that. How can anybody take that? two
young girls in a large airport, just to be told here that maybe all will-
be fixed at Kennedy airport6
There are many other cases for which there is no exc'cuso. The fault can
lie at many doors, but wherever it lies something should be done quickly,
to stop these mistakes now before .they get worse; too many passengers are
dissatisfied with what is happening and strict measures either at the
agents or elsewhere will have to be taken to rectify this.
We need the airlines now more than ever: we need a larger airport to:
take Jet traffic: the economy of this Island lies in the fact that one can
get in and out easily; we need more tourists who in their turn need more
hotels and more essential amenities.
WINDWARD ISLANDS BATrTANJA GROWERS' ASSOCIATION ,:/
Hurricane Insurance Claims Enquiries
A receipt is given by the local Winban Office for every claim
for windstorm damage made in respect of a registered holding,
Growers are requested to present this receipt when making
enquiry at the Winban Office about any claim, The receipt shows
the claim number which greatly facilitates the tracing of any
claim on which action is deferred for any reason.
Enquiries not accompanied by d aim receipts will receive as
prompt attention as possible, but replies may be delayed unavoidably
because of pressure of work,
?/3 Windward Islands Banana Growers' Association
23rd August, 1966
Market Report for the Week Ended August 31, 1966
Cocoa Beans, dry
30 per Ib
100 per head
50 per bundle
80 per lb.
100 per bundle
SLONDON MlARKET PRICES
Bay Oil, Shipment, c.i.f.
Bay Oil, Spot per lb.
Citronella Oil, Spot.per lb.
Cocoa, Accra/Lagos per cwt, c.i.f.
Coconut Oil per ton, c.i.f.
Copra per ton c.i.f.
Ginger, Jamaican No.3, Spot per ton
Lime Oil, Spot per lb. (U.I.)
Nutmegs 110's per lb. f.o.b.
Vetivert Oil, Bourbon, Spot per lb.
FOREIGN E::C-irlGES TO L STEELING
at August 27, 1966 SB1=E:WIL.fo)
New York 2.783 Paris 13.67n
Montreal 2.99- Frankfurt 11.12-i
August 27, 1966
1. 16. 0.
1. 16. 0.
9. 17. 6.
107. 0. 0.
67. 0. 0.
13. O. O.
3. 14. 0.
4. 12. 6.
LOCAL MARKET PRICES
$7.00 per 100
6 6-- per nut
120 per lb.
5.00 I "
150 per lb.
250 per lb.
S$4.00 per 100
250 per lb.
100 1? "
August 28, 1965
1. 18. 6.
2. 2. 0.
5. 17. 0.
110. 0. 0.
74. 0. 0.
20. 0. 0.
3. 5. O.
4. 15. o.
MARKET NOTES: The Cocoa market this week
develop ed a firmer trend. In spite of last
week's forecast, there is an opinion that
the Ghana crop might be late this year,
and it was understood that the Ghana Mark-
eting Company had announced that it would
not entertain any bids from the market
until there was reliable news about the new main crop.
It is to be noted that again the price for Coconut Edible Oil has been further
reduced although the price for copra has remained the same. Meanwhile there is
a great demand for Dry Coconuts. Demand for Bay Oil has been steadier, especial-
ly on the U.S. market. (issued weekly by the Dominica Agricultural Marketing Brd.)
U THAN WILL IOT CiCTTINUE AS UNITED NATIONS GEN. SECRETARY
"Events in Vitnam are leading relentlessly to a major war" with these words
U. Thant, brilliant hard-working General Secretary of the U.N. confirmed his
refusal to continue on in the post after his term expires on November 3, despite
the urging of every country in the United Nations. Among several reasons he gave
for his decision on Thursday were: the inability of the U.N. to stop the Vienam
war, the Assembly's attitude towards the admission of Communist Chin, and the
refusal of France and the U.S.S.R. to pay their assessed share of peace-keeping
operatl-.onR in the Congo and elsewhere (despite a ruling by the International CourtO,
Saturday, September 3, 1966
Saturday, September 3, 1966 THE STAN Page Eleven
CQMI to CAMBRIDGE COYFFRENCE
The Chief Minister and Minister
of Finance, the Honourable E.O.
LeBlanc left the island by air last
Friday for the United Kingdom, at
the invitation of the Minister for
Overseas Development, to attend the
Cambridge Summer Conference sponsored
by the Overseas Studies-Committee of
the University of Cambridge, This
will be the sixth of a series of
Conferences sponsored annually by
the University, to which Ministers
of Government, other members of Leg-
'islatures, and members of staff at
Centres of Higher Education are in-
vited. The Conference ends on Sept.
17, and is to discuss "How to Make
Aid More Effective Through Coopera-
Mr. LeBlanc, who is also a member
of the 4-man mission appointed by
the last meeting of the Regional
Council of Ministers to look into
the newly-established Commission at
10a Haymarket, will consider the gen-
eral administration and staffing of
the Commission and report back to
the next RC.IM. meeting to be held
in S-. Lucia towards the end of
Sectember2 Other moabers of the
Mission are the Hon. H.A. Blaize,
(C.M., Grenada), Hon. C.A. Paul
Southwell, Minister of Finance, St.
Kitts, and .irvo NoE Venner, Secre-
tary of Finance, St. Lucia.
During Mr. LeBlanc's absence, the
Hon. N.A.,No DucriTy, Minister for
Trade and Production, will act as
Chief Minister and Temporary Minis-
ter of Financeo GIS
RANDOLPH WILLIAMS ON
RURAL INDUSTRI.ALISATION TASK
Mr. Randolph Williams, M.Sc(Econ.
Lond.), Senior Lecturer, U.W.I,,
arrived in the island on Monday 2mad
August, to carry out a four-week
.assignment on a rural industrialis-
ation survey of Dominica and to make
recommendations on the type of,rural
and small industries considered
suitable to the island's needs and
economy, Mr., 'illiams is cx-D.G.S,.
and ex-Do.CS. He has a Masters de-
gree (L.S.E.) in economical
After a spell with a Life Insur-
ance Co. in Trinidad, Mr. Williams
accepted the post which he now holds
of Senior Lecturer, Economics,
Randolnh Williams (cont, from .last
Mr, Williams has written two
books entitled "Supply of Esse--
tial Skills in less developed
countries" and "Management of a
Group of Companiess" GIS
C & W TELEPHONE EXCHANGE
Work on installations for the
900 line telephone exchange for
Montserrat is to begin early in
October, a spokesman for the Plessag
Telecommunications Group said in
London, Under contracts awarded by
Cable and Wirel:ss Limited, Plessey
are providing exchange and sub-
scribers equipment for the internal
telephone systems of the Cayman
Islands, Montserrat, St. Lucia and
Tortolao Work on the Sto Lucia Ex-
change began on 6 August, and work
on the Tortola installation is to:
begin in mid-December. BIS
QTEE FpEAKl-UP OF NIGi 2RIA
Some remarks by David Williams,.
Editor o:f ',.t Af-ica.
The break-up of Nigeria wou.ld-
be a tragedy, since it would be the
end of the only African country big
enough and with resources enough to
rank with the big countries of the
western and Communist world,
Economically, it would do serious
damage but the real tragedy might
be that once the break-up started
it would not stop at the four reg-
ions which, with the exception of
the newest, the midwest, would be
of respectable size by the standards
of independent Africa.
The army on the other hand,
which seemed to be the force hold-
ing the country together, is now so r
weakened that it can no longer play,
The tribalism which has led to
the e-i''-:stion of a break-up might
mean yet further division of .the
new countries, since none of the re-
gions, with the exception of Western
Nigeria, can be regarded as homogene-
And al contain "minorities" who
might demand their freedom from the
(Conclo page twelve)
Satu~rdayr, September 3, 19666
Page Twelve THE STAR Saturday, September 3 1~66
I direct these remarks to you ra-
ther than through Professor Higgins.
In your article on Catholic Relief
p. 2 of last week's STAR, there are
two pieces I simply could not under-
stand. For example, I saw the words
'many another pinched nlaghing face'.
Are pinched faces liable to laugh?
Second, I read 'in our fair smiling
land distribution is a commonplace
to a large number of people: more,
even, than to the 12,743 who are
assisted altogether." Please may I
have an explanation?
Editor's re ly: I am indebted to,
you for the opportunity to put two
words right. The script, which was
in my own difficult hand-writing,
one sentence should have read; "in
our fair smiling land destitution
is a commonplace to a large number
of people.." The other should be.
inched losing face', I should have
spotted! these mistakes, so please
PUZZLED and other readers, accept
sincere apologies, ED,
So Hon. Chief Minister LeBlanc.
has gone off to England again. After
all the times he used to abuse Eng-
land in the past, it is funny to
see he is making there his vacation
home, even as most of his family
have migrated to the U.S.A. Your
paper had suggested that the C.M.
spends as nearly as much time abroad
as at home, and it would seem so.
But do not grudge the fact that
travel broadens the mind.
*- *** *
I agree with the article on Cato
last week. Somebody should surely
have gone down to help him. I myself
heard him speak here in Dominica,
and found him a good type of Labour
man. But if I am not mistaken, did
not you go and help in an election
when you were a Federal Minister,
and did not Pat Stevens, Hon,
Steven's son, do the same? Why didn't
you go yourself this last time?
Curious Citizen, Miarigoto
Readers' Views (contd)
You ask a fair question. Yes, it
is true that Mr. Pat Stevens and I
did all we could to help Cato five
years ago. But this time neither of
us would have been particularly
helpful to him, since the only
people who can really "swing" the
votes for others are those who are
either office-holders or members.
Moreover, as I was unjustly attack-
ed on grounds of race in my own
homeland, by members of a Party
which I had founded on United Nations
non-racial principles, my presence
might have caused embarrassment to
Cato, whose racial record is un-
blemised. His opponents would have
lost no time quoting from: scurri-
lous speeches and newspaper articles.
By Any Other Name
I got an official paper indica-,
ting that our lady Minister is
poshing up her name, changed bhe
spelling of Mable and has a hyphen
between Moir and James, In my opin-
ion, women should not use their
father's names unless they are di-
vorced and more so if they are not
legitimate. Furthermore, I think
putting a hyphen is snobbish. I
would like your view on this matter
I have noneoIn Dominica everyone
pleases himself or herself on this
point. Sorry I had to cut your let-
ter short, ED.
Nigeria (concl. from page eleven)
Nigeria has survived crises
which outsiders thought must end in
a total break-up.
This is the worst crisis yet and
only a very brave man would pro-
phesy its outcome, Trinidad Dailly
ATLANTIC ROWERS SIGHTED
The intrepid men who started 3
m"SQtAlt grom Boston to row across
/In a at boat were sighted last Sat"
300 miles off the coast of Ireland,
They are strapped in by a nylon
line and take turns sleeping on the
Saturday, September 3 1966
Saturdsy~ September 3, 1966 THE STAR Page Thirteen
BANANA PEST CONTROL
Symptoms and control measures for
banana insect pests are described in
a comprehensive and easily assimila-
ted booklet which has just been pub-
lished in Britain by the Ministry of
Produced as a Pans Manual. by the
Tropical Pesticides Research Head-
quarters of the Ministry, the book-
let is written by Mr. G. Ordish,
General Editor of Pest Articles in
the research headquarters' publica-
Information on banana diseases
and the control of weeds is also be-
ing published concurrently in com-
panion volumes. Eventually, all
three sections will be issued under
the following title: Baianas (insect,
disease and weed control), Pans
Manual Number 1, Ministry of Over-
seas Development, London, Orders
for the booklet, price five shill-
ings, may be sent to Pans Banana
Manual, Room 507, Tropical Pesti-
cides Research Headquarters, 56-62
Gray's Inn Road, London, W.G.1,
Cheques may be made payable to H.IM.
*BANANA FERTILISATION (contd from p.
be tried. For this reason it was. de-
cided to strengthen the WINBAN Re-
search Scheme in Dominica by posting
a senior agronomist in the island
additional to present staff. A suit-
able man has been approached and it
is hoped he will assume duty:shortly,
It has also been agreed to carry out
a nutritional survey of bananas in
Dominica and .the field work for this
will be carried out in Septembero ,
Results should be available by the
end of the year. This survey will not
only indicate probable trace element
problems, but will also elucidate
the general nutritional status of
Dominica's bananas resulting from
the use of the various types of
Farmers will realise from the
above however, that there will un-
doubtedly be a period of two or
three years before firm and accurate
fertilizer recommendations can be
supplied for the various soils and
districts. During this time, only in-
terim advice can be given and this
will be published from time to time.
For the magnesium and calcium
(contd. from last col.)
deficient areas, it is recommended
that lime be applied at about 3
tons per acre, incorporating in
the soil if possible and that kiesp-
erite at 3oz per mat be used when-
ever fertilizer is being applied,
There is one other important
point. The general standard of ban-
ana husbandry in Dominica is dis-
gracefully lowa Most farmers could
incrse their yields considerably,
even in the face of nutritional
problems, by paying attention to pro-
per cultivation practices, especi-
ally proper weed control, pr, thing
and regular replanting with clean
seed material. In some areas, there
are far too many bananas. per acre:
for wetter districts. af the hills
and mountains, about. 700-850 mats
per acre are best, not more and with-
out double suckeringo
Use of the "Banana Growers' Manual"
is strongly recommended,
DEVELOPMENT AID COMMITTEE
A new voluntary committee on
Overseas Aid and Development has
been established in London, headed-
by Dr. Leslie Farrer-Brown, former
Director of the charitable Nuffield
It will provide a forum for dis-
cussion of development needs and
policies and of problems arising
in the provision and supervision of
aid. Principal objective will be the
extension of public knowledge in
Britain and especially among the
young about the world problems
of hunger, disease, ignorance and
the work being done to .alleviate
Member agencies are the Catholic
Institute for International Relation,
Christian Aid, Freedom from Hunger ..-
Campaign, Overseas Development InsA"-
titute, Oxford Committee for Famine
Relief, Save the Children Fund,
United Nations Association and War on
Want. The Secretary is Mr. Frederick
Lees, a retired Diplomat formerly
with the Commonwealth Relations
For TYPING, DUPLICATING,
Legal Forms, Letters, etc.
26, Bath Road.
THE S TAA1
Sa2turday, September~e 3. 1966
Saturday, September 3, 1966
S T A R S P 0 R T S
1966 Football Season COens
LAST Sunday, August 28, five of the
participating football teams..paraded
before Mr. C.G.Peters, D.A.S.A. Secret-
ary to officially open the Football
Season, Spartans, last year's Div.I
Champions, were presented with their
trophy, but no mention was made of the
DivII winners: this is because last
season's Div.II series was inconclusive
Since many of the matches were unplayed.
We hope that this year's football will
not suffer a similar set-back, especial-
ly as teams pay V'O to enter. Football-
ers have long been busy practising --
at Windsor Park, the Technical ling
ground and Lindo Park (though the last-
named is in a particularly shabby state
what with grass 2 ft. high and stones
and broken bottles to contend with.)Let
us hope that the C.II.P.A. will make the
Park more suitable for playing football.
Leario Criticises World Selectors
The inclusion of three white South
Africans in the Rest of the World Team
was heavily criticised by Lcarie Con-
stantine, former W.I. cricketer, now
a practising lawyer in England. Chall-
enged by several sports writers, Learie
argued that South Africa's aparheid
policy will not allow coloured Barbad-
ians to play in that country, so why
should Barbados allow S. Africans in for
their Independence Celebration match?
He mentioned Everton Wcekos as having
been refused service in a S.African
hotel and d'Oliviera as never having
been spoken of in that country. What
Constantine has overlooked is that it
is not the players but the Government
of South Africa that is to blame. The
selectors were asked to do a job and
they did it with no political or racial
considerations. Of course, if an inde-
"Combined" Sdoolboys Lose To Jamaica
WJhile we in Dominica heard nothing of
the game, the Combined Windward & Lee-
ward Schoolboys XI were suffering their
first defeat of the series BY Jamaica,
in Jamaica by 7 u.iclkets. The scores were
146 (Phillip 28, Joshua 31) and 143 (Amery
35), against Jamaica's 222 for 8 decil
(Mitchell 6 for 83) and 73 for 3. The
Combined Islands play Barbados in St.
Kitts starting today.
TABLE TEITTiIS: Peterson Charles is the
new Table Tennis Champion, succeeding
four-times winner Julius Coriotte. Char-
les mixed aggression with sound defence
and concentration to beat V. Maynes and
V.Rene to gain the Liburd Cup. This year
Empire Club sponsored the championship;
Olympics wore last year's sponsors.
At the Hastings Festival the J.I. team
played their last engagement against
E.R.GCilliCan's XI. The 2nd day was washed
out by rain, but the 1st day yielded a
run-spree of 351 allout for W.I. and
Gilligan's 70/4 at close. Griffith's 63
n.o. was his highest of tour, others 'to
score were Hunte 54, Lashley 60 and Allan
51; Bolus was dismissed off the last ball
of the day for 38.
NEWS IIT BRIEF: Eight elderly Roman Cath-
olic nuns ran the gauntlet of 700 Red
Guards (Communist Chinese youths) as
they crossed the border from China to
Hong Kong. Expelled for "plotting against
the state", one of two taken to hosp-
ital died the next day.All were illtreated.
***For the first time in history a member
of the House of Lords is pregnant -- the
40-year-old Countess of Erroll's fourth
child is due in November. ** A fifty-
year old London labourer has won a rec-
ord soccer pool of IJI$1,589,760. *"*
London police ordered the removal of
a Beatle welcome-back banner (after
pendent Barbados so desires, the players their US tour) which said "Thank Christ
Concerned -- Colin Bland, Grahaeme Pol- You Are Safely Home". *** Canada's trains
lock and Peter Pollock -- can be refused ran again yesterday after a strike set-
entry. The selectors are not at fault tlement giving the 109,000 workers an
and the three players concerned could 18% payrise -- by a Bill in Parliament.
be in disfavour with their own govern- Original Bill said 8%, workers wanted
mont for accepting to play with persons 30% M.P.'s amended to the 18%.***"
of colour., ,: Serious racial riots occurred in three
LATE FLASH: Yorkshire are the 1966 U.S. cities during the week: a Negro
County Cricet man was shot in Benton Harbor, iich.
County Cric et Ca:.nl:ons,
S(pop.19,000), another in Dayton, Ohio,
Printed L& P~bl'.hed by iobert E.Allfrey and bomb-hurling mobs roamed the streets
Proprietor of St. Aroment, at 26 Bath of -Jaukegan, Ill., for three nights --
Road, .on.au, DOi-!iTICA, .oct Indies. in every city, states of emergency were
* * declared and police enforced curfews.
_ _I _II L_-