Star (Roseau, Dominica)

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Star (Roseau, Dominica)
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Star (Roseau, Dominica)
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newspaper ( sobekcm )
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Full Text

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SVol I.

No. 15

President of Kenya, Rep- 1
public within the British
Commonwealth, Educated at I
a Church of Scotland Mis- K
sion for the Kikuyu tribe.'
Moving to Nairobi, he be-
came an Inspector of Water
Supplies in the PWD. .i
After editing a Kenya noi.s-
paper, he moved to Britain
for 16 years, studying at
a Quaker College and at
London University, where i
he taught Kikuyu. Achieved,
a postgraduate diploma in i
anthropology. Returning
to Kenya in 1945 after a i
Pan-African conference in
Britain, he became Presi-
dent of Kenya African Union.
In 1950 Mau Mau, a secret.
society responsible for

November 6th, 1965

Five Cents

dreadful acts of violence,
1 was banned. Kenyatta
S denied involvement in it,
but was arrested in 1952
during a State of Emerg-
ency. He was imprisoned
Sfor 6 years after trial,
S then detained. In 1961
' he was freed from all
restrictions and returned
to political life, with
great popular support.
Since then Kenyatta has
proved to be one of the
most responsible of
S African statesmen.
This week, after the State
opening of Kenya's Parlia-
mont, Kenyatta said:
"Kenya must be a future
S home for whites as well
as Africans."


The weakest sector in Dominica's Government is the Ministry of Labour. Perhaps
the Minister is too taken up with his incursions into education and the medical
services to bother much about the employment situation. And while nothing is done,
more and more young people wander around jobless. Our quotas for U.S. Farm Labor
and Canadian Domestica are poor, and the modes of selection are little known outside
a small circle. In St. Vincent even, it has been decided to introduce factory
legislation and to appoint a youth employment officer! In recent campaign speeches,
the D.L.P. indicated that an employment advisory office could be set up in the Town
Hall. We say full employment is the business of Central Government and not of a
Town Council. As long ago as November 1955, as President of the Labour Party, we
wrote to Dominica Government about the need for employment exchanges in both
Roscau and Portsmouth; and were told officially 'the number of unemployed is
limited'. That is certainly not so today.
What is needed is one thousand new jobs. The problem is acute, but not insoluble.
It depends on the capital investment possible: and we firmly believe that properly
financed and controlled industrial schemes can produce the desired results. We have
evidence from a Commonwealth source that an extra $1,000,000 per year from overseas
could be obtained without difficulty, and this amount (if invested in industrial
schemes) would produce the solution to Dominica's underemployment. Right now, a
report is being prepared for us in West .Africa by a private researcher who has
visited Dominica; it will substantiate this statement. The researcher writes: "It
would seem, on a general 2i% annual increase in population, that over a five-year
tern, a future 3,000 or so more Dominicans in addition to those already unemployed
will be looking for work -- and it is essential that if the people of Dominica are
to begin to live a full life, action should be taken NOW".
This is one matter the coming Tripartite Survey should earnestly consider.
And Douinicans should rccmmber that the suggestion comes from the STAR -- and not
from the Dominica Government.



TiHE STAR Saturday, November. 6,-*'96


Tripartite Survey: Dominica will be
one of the Caribbean Islands to benefit
(we hope) throu,.i a joint Survey by
Great Britain, Canada and the U.S.A.,
purpose of which is to formulate plans
for the achievement of economic viabil-
ity and to suggest priorities for 5
years. Six team members and a Secre-
tary will start work in Jan. 1966.
Other islands concerned are Antiua,
St.Kitts etc., Montserrat, St.Vince.nt,
St. Lucia and Grenada, in addition to
Barbados. *,**
GUide Trainer here: Miss Martin, Guide
Trainer from Britain, arrived last
week-end on a 2-'.eek visit to help
Dor4inican Guides. She started off in
the North with D.C. Mrs. Phyllis
Garraway, visited Roseau HQ on 4th
November and is attending a Guiders
week-end camp at present. Later she
will visit Salisbury, St. Joseph, Sou-
friere and Pte. Michol Guide Coys.
Final Visits will be to Grand Bay and
Roseau Guides. She leaves for Barbados
on Friday 12th November. ******
Dominica Labour Party is holding its
annual general conference at Roseau
Girls School, Bath Road, on Sun.Nov.7.
Public may attend the formal session
starting ,at 10 a.m. ***.***

S4 eri.ntendent Steps In: As Dep.Supt.
Lewis of the Dominica Police Force was
passing the Roseau Boys School on
Thursday morning; last, he was in time
to save a young pregnant woman from
further injury: she was being beaten
and kicked by her common-law husband.
Passcrs-by were 'not interfering'.
The young man was arrested and charged
with assault. ****
Police Jeep in Crash: A week ago (last
Sat. night) a Police jeep speeding
down Federation Drive collided with
Mr. Stanley Fadollo's jeep, driven by
Mrs. Celia Fadello. A young woman
passenger in the police vehicle was
taken to hospital near by with chest
injuries and bruised face. The Police
jcop is wrecked, and its driver is
suspended from duty,
Teachrs Ro.rloved, Transferred: The
removal of two senior masters from
Dominica GraLmmar School and their
placement in other civil service
dcpart:eints caused ? stir in the
island; it happened during the leav6-
absence of the Headmaster. The masters
are SP. Richards B.A. and C.A.
Shillingford B.Sc. No reasons were
given for the sudden moves.

Dominica will also be one of the
islands visited by a seven-man Common-
wealth "islands expedition" which sailed
from Britain last week to conduct scien-
tific research into the resources of
isolated oceanic islands in the Caribbean,
Pacific and Indian Oceans. The team
is travelling in a 65-ft motor fishing
vessel, the "Insula", is well backed
by the British Govt., U.N. and Medical
Research Council, and will give 'on the
spot' advice on fishing and development,

"D Day" incidents: shortly before 10 pm
on Dominica Discovery Day, Constable St,
Jean tried to question a man running in
a band, said to be carrying an offensive
weapon. The man drew a cutlass and
slashed Constable Cecil St. Jean across
the neck, narrowly missing the jugular
vein.* Fogarty Anatole was taken to
hospital under guard after resisting
arrest. ***** Young tailor Rudolph
(Razor-blade) Dublin was attacked by a
gang in Lagon and treated at Princess
Margaret Hospital.


Mrs. Seraphine Philbert died and was
buried at the Roman Catholic Cemetery
on All Saints Day, after a sudden ill-
ness. She passed away peacefully on
October 31st at 8.25 p.m., after nearly
twelve years of happy married life.
Mourning the loss of a good wife and
another are her husband, Mr. Imbert
Philbert, and her ten children (five
boys and five girls); brothers and
sisters at homo and abroad, and many
other relatives,


I sincerely thank all those who
shared my grief with me by sending
Sympathy Cards and other tokens of
consolation on the death of my late
wife Seraphine Philbert.
and Family.

Withdrawal: On Page 3, under Carib-
bean News, we printed in the.right-hand
column a news release from the Dominica
Theatre Company. We now understand
that they wish this notice disregarded4
and that another will be issued soon.
Pago 3 was unfortunately printed earlier.

. Saturday, November _6 1965 THE STJ

Archives Conference: (with grateful
acknowledgment to The Workers' Voice,
Antigua, editorial of October 19. .
For the benefit of our readers we
reproduce some notes of the first Carib-
bean Conference on Archives held at U1WI
Jamaica from Sept. 20. The notes were
made by O.W. Flax, Antigua's represen-
The Conference was jointly sponsored
by the University of the West Indies and
the Government of Jamaica. Sessions
were held in the Assembly Hall of UWZI Bj
all West Indian territories except Cuba,
Haiti and Santo Domingo.There were also
representatives from Surinam, B.G. and
Bermuda. Metropolitan countries of
America and Europe were also reprosent-
There were four main groups of rep-
resentatives at the Conference, namely -
Archivists, who are interested in the
preservation of records, Historians
whose interest is in using records for,
research purposes, Librarians, the pre-
runners of the Archivists, particularly
in the field of private records, and
lastly Administrators, who produce
public records for use in the field of
The Theme of the Conference was
The Importanbe to Country of its
Records, and the need for the countries
of the Caribbean to take immediate
steps to preserve such of the old
records as are still available and
to ensure that current records are
carefully wooded of ephemeral material
and the important ones kept as part of
the permanent records of their countries.
The representatives of the Windward
Islands and Leeward Islands met in
several private sessions to discuss
the particular problems of their
islands. Their discusnions were ably
guided and assisbod by Mr. E.C. Baker,
the Archivist'assignQd by the U.W.I. to
make a survey of their archives. These
discussions were summarised Th "Minutes"
which form part of the records of the
Conference... Visits to Jamaica's
Archives at Spanish Town and the
Jamaica Institute were Viery interesting.
The Conference is of abiding in-
terest because it has focused atten-
tion on the need for Caribbean countries
to preserve their links with the past.
It has also drawn attention to the
fact that today's events will be the
history of tomorrow and must be proper-
l docUmented anqdhanded on. The papers
o oniernce wl bo a gootc source of

Page Three


Dominica:The Dominica Theatre Company
has been formed, the general aims of
which are to promote and develop local
art and culture and to encourage artists
in the various fields of culture.
The company will require the skill
and aptitude of dancers, musicians,
singers, actors, playwriters and of
those interested in many aspects of
the theatre, including artists or
painters of backdrops, set designers
make-up experts etc. Those interested
in joining should contact the Secretary
Miss Ziska Mitchell at Virgin Lane or
Mr. St. Havis Shillingford. Date of
first general meeting will be announced.

U.W.I. A Science Centre will be estab-
lished at Mona, Jamaica underthe joint
supervision of Dr. Rudstrom of UNESCO
and Professor Wright. It will meet the
long-term needs of the teaching of
Physics and mathematics.

U.W.I. first doctorate of Philosophy
goes to Dr. B.S.Mootoo of Trinidad for
a thesis on "Tropical Hardwood Extracts,
* *t :" i~- :* ;; : !; :; i Si:: ::i $ -; 1 ^ :. **
U.W.I. has granted affiliation to two
theological colleges -- Codrington of
Barbados and Jamaicas United Theolbgical
College of the Wes6 Indies.
S* *:. .* ** .:: s .- ;! 4 *
Barbados: World Telephone expert, Mr.
Maurice Elliot, has arrived, prepared to
train international telephone operators
where Cable : Wireless are responsible
for operation of island international
telephone systems

Santo Domingo: U.S. paper Washington
Post comments "~obel forces formerly
grouped around Col. Caamana ... have
been resisting the efforts of Dominican
police to disarm them. But the rightist
groups have also formed themselves into
vigilantes following the recent assass-
ination of one of their leaders. Both
sides have been making problems for
Provisional President Garcia Godoy."

Dominica: the local branch of the CPA.-
announces that Mr. John Parker, C.B.E.,
M.P., replaces 1Mr. John Cronin as the
leader of the U.K. delegation of the
Commonwealth Parliamentary Associa-
tion later this month.

Page Four THE STAR Saturday, November 6, 196b

Short Story CRUSH ON A TEACHER By Janet Jamieson
(The writer of this "short-short" is one of Dominica's most promising
Short story producers. This tale is, of course, written under a pseudonym;
and we foresee that some day the author will make a living by the pen.)

At seventeen, Verna couldn't be more mature. A firm, rounded figure
emphasized by a predominant pair of breasts which threatened to thrust her
white uniform blouse away from her body, and a size in buttocks rarely seen in
All this, 20-year old schoolteacher Gilmore Clough summed up for the
umpteenth time, that hot Tuesday in October, and the millionth time since he
started teaching in the Churchill Junior High School.

He had known other girls. Older girls, in fact. Prettier girls, too.
He had dated some, kissed most of them, gone further with some, broken the
hearts of several.

It had always started the same way for him. First, he summed them up -
always taking special note of ankles and lips.

Verna had, in his assessment, perfect ankles, kissable lips. It didn't
matter that she wore rather owlish spectacles.

As she went out of sight round the corner of the Infant Block with a last
flaunting hip movement, Gilmore sighed!

It wasn't acase of sour grapes! In fact, she had already openly shown him
that she wanted him to be interested -- on every occasion.

No, it wasn't that he couldn't get her. It was just that...that...well,
there was more than one reason. They all added up to his apprehension of a-
possible scandal.

Gilmore, like most youn, men today, believed in.girls'. They were his
hobby. He was always searching for fresh conquest. He never encountered any
difficulty in getting them 'into the parlour'. He prided himself on being a
connoisseur of girls.

He wanted Vernal He could :et her!

Buf Gilmore Glough, unlike other men of his type, was unselfish: he had
a conscience.

When he had considered the possible consequences of an intimate relationship
between himself and Verna, he hadn't been thinking of himself, but of her.
"I would never forgive myself," he had soliloquized one afternoon, turning the
matter over in his mind.

He raised his bowed head and looked pensively at the corner around which
she had just disappeared. He glanced at the piece of exercise book paper she
had just handed him, then turned around and (hands deep in pockets) went up
the stairs to his classroom.

Seated at his desk, he took his first look at the contents of the paper.
It was written in her schoolgirlish hand; but even there her maturity was evident.
The note was short, and said:


He shoved the note into his pocket again as he sat up and headed for the

CRUSH ON A TEACHER (Short Story) by aanet Hamieson

"Mlarvlyn!" he called to the first senior girl he saw, "Go down around
the building and call Verna to me, please, Hurry!"

"Yessir." '
Clough returned to his classroom and paced the floor in deep contemplation.
There was a rap on the partition of the otherwise empty room.
"Yes, come in," he answered.

Verna came in, obviously excited. She was blinking rapidly through her
spectacles, her light brown face showing signs of animation. Her bosom
heaved rhythmically fast, and something stirred in Gilmore-as his gaze rested
on her. He restrained an impulse to embrace her and smother her with an
avalanche of kisses as she stood there, in the near-privacy of the classroom.
After a pause, in which she seemed to be trying to regain her breath,
she said: "Here am I, Sir,; you called me?"
"Yes, I did -- Verna," he affirmed. "I...I read the note. I understand
how you feel." He forced a nervous smile. (Sometimes, afterwards, when he
would sit down and reconstruct that scene to himself, he would always feel
like kicking himself for the way in which he -had behaved -- like a shy school-
boy before his female teacher).
Verna smiled also, and her parted lips renewed the feeling in Gilmore's
veins. He repressed it once more, and continued, "I appreciate your feeling
toward me, Verna. I'll tell you the truth : I feel the same way about you too."
He paused as he saw her eyes light up. She looked more inviting now than
ever. He began fiAeting. How is she going to take it? he thought.
He spoke again. "Verna, forgive me for this, but this is how it must be."

Footsteps echoed along the corridor,,and they slowed down as they approached
the door. He quickly turned around and opened his desk, pretending to take
something out of it. The person outside the door must have had a change of
mind, for the footsteps receded down the corridor.
He smiled more frankly at Verna, and she smiled back, perhaps understand-
ingly. "You see, I cannot allow myself to be caught having heart-to-heart
talks with a schoolgirl. Verna, I have thought things out, and it could be
very bad for ... us." (He had started to say 'you').
He noticed that she got paler, as realization dawned upon her. He began
feeling like a heel. He still continued, "You will be leaving school at-
the end of this term. IWe can wait till then, can't we?"
The tears were falling free and fast now. Gilmore opened his mouth to
say something, then shut it again. He was approaching her slowly and reaching
into his right back-pocket for a handkerchief when the school bell rang.
The children would be running in now. They wore bound to ask questions. -He
quickly roeaher under the blackboard for his cane and said to Verna, "Go along,
at once."
After she had gone and the girls and boys (brushing past her) had settled
in their seats, one of the bigger boys asked for permission to speak, and said:
"What did she do, Sir?" '" i. o?" asked Clough.
"The big girl you just caned, Sir."
"Oh her... she did not remember she was a schoolgirl." He quickly cut short
another question by saying, "all right now, get on with the Compositions. I
want them finished by half-past eleven."
iTe fished in his pocket for his watch. His hand encountered the piece of
exercise-book paper.
Gilmore Clough left the .class and headed for the teachers' lavatory,
where he tore to shreds, nid ,ot rid of, the ovi-dence o f a schoolgirl's crush.

Saturday, November 6, 1965


Page Five



British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
reported to Her Majesty on his talks
with IMr. Ian Smith, P.M. of Rhodesia.
Since then, after consultation with
the British Attorney General, Mr. Wil-
son has presented Smith alternatives
for ascertaining the true opinion of
all persons in Rhodesia: (a) a Royal
Commission (b) a referendum. The
Royal commission has been denounced
by President Nkrumah of Ghana because
Rhodesia's Lord Chief Justice is the
Her Majs'ty has bestowed upon
Queen Salote of Tonga (who rules over
the Friendly Islands in the Pacific)
the honour of Dame Grand Cross of the
British Empire.

Princess Margaret and her husband
Lord Snowdon left on Thursday
for a 3-week tour of the United States.
An anonymous threat to place a bomb
in the plane increased security
measures at London Airport,

Commonwealth Parliamentary Association:

Economic growth and parliamentary
government within the Commonwealth
will be main topics at the C.P.A. llth
annual conference in Tellin-ton, N.Z.,
this December. Eight British Members
of Parliament will attend. A Common-
wealth Court of Justice will be another
item. Two women will be in the British
delegation. Grenada's Chief Minister
Blaize will represent the Windward
Islands this time (the islands have
rotating representation.)

Meanwhile, it has been announced
that Mr. John Cronin M.P. has had to
withdraw as Leader of the U.K. C.P.A.
delegation to Dominica which arrived
on Tov. 20th. His place has been taken
by Mr. John Parker, C.B.E., M.P.
Mr. Parker is an Oxford M.A., a well-
known Fabian, and has travelled widely.
A full six-day pro-raimme has been
arranged for the Parliamentary guests.

Barbadoefilm named "Barbados -- West
Indian Woncorland'i which runs for
30 minutes and' shows community life,
sugar manufacture and tourism,
was shown in London at the Commion-
wealth Institute this week.

Saturday, November 6, 1965


Antigua: Election Day is November 29.
10 seats will be contested; nomination
day is Nov. 18. The Antigua L.P. (Trade
& Labour Union supported) is contesting
all; the Antigua Democratic Party with
Barbuda support, 7 (other names to come).

Educational Trust: The old school advice
firm of Truman & Knightley (founded 1901)
will devote its financial surpluses to
assisting children from Britain and
other Commonwealth countries through
scholarships, bursaries etc. W.I. children
may also benefit.-
India and Pakistan: border incidents
and sporadic raids continue, each land
blaming the other.
Geogragphy is now being studied by 19
students as a subject for B.Sc. general
*' onours degree and
Dominican-British Firm of L.Rose & Co,
Ltd. celebrated its 100th birthday last
Thursday by giving an all day holiday to
all employees. Congratulations
..- ==. .- ----- --
New York City's new Mayor, elected
this week, is Liberal Republican John
Lindsay, who might well be a future
Presidential candidate. He not only
defeated the Democrats, but also the pro-
Goldwater "right" Rcpiblican,
On the steps of the Pentagon, Wash-
ington, a man (a Quaker) with a baby in
his arms set fire to himself and later
died in agony in hospital, in protest
against 'military spending and the
U.S. Government's Viet Nam policy'. The
infant fell to the ground and was
not harmed.

Resulting from three-day riots follow-
ing the arrest of murderer Marny, several
hotels report cancellations by Americans
of reservations for Christmas and
Iardi Gras carnival; also a number of
tourists have altered their schedules to
omit calling at Martinique. *** Plans
for setting up an oil refinery in the
island have been delayed, since the
commercial intcrosts concerned are having
second thoughts. A ..

Saturday, Niovember 6, 1965 THE STAR Page Seven

On Thursday the 21st of October at a meeting held at the Dominica Grammar
School Mr. Ed Scobie spoke on "Thelife and works of Edgar Mittelholzer". The
speaker began with "We begin at what we who have to pay the price of lire call
the end death. But is it the end...will we find something on the other shore?"
The speaker went on to say that Edgar Mittelholzer died in order to find that some-
thing. As Edgar believed in finding the answers to all riddles, he died by his
own hand in order to find that answer.
Thewwriter was fond of long walks, during which he and the speaker discussed
such topics as sex, love, hate, hypocrisy, war, God, satan, nothingness. He went
walking in his quest for the reason of all life. But Edgar's quest began from his
very beginning in Capetown, British Guiana. Edgar's parents said that he was lazy,
that he hated work. They even passed judgment on his sanity. He must be mad because
only a mad person would want to be a writer in B.G. But Edgar decided in spite of
his disapproving family that he would be a writer. His early years in Georgetown
and his rather strict and strange growing up was to have a profound effect on-his
writing on the mysterious questioning, sometimes mixed-up quality of his writing.
When he had to leave school he worked at various jobs but he kept writing all
the while. He lived in Trinidad, Barbados, St. Lucia and England. He went to Eng-
land to get the freedom to write without a narrow society passing judgment on him.
Although Mittelholzer had written his first novel "Corantyne Thunder" way back in
1941 his impact on the English literary world did not come until his second book
"A Morning at the Office" a delightful little tale of Trinidad life.
Of all the West Indian writers in London, Mittelholzer was the most productive -
at the time of his Heath he had written twenty-two books. His imagination, pre-
occupation with the oddity of sexual behaviour in certain people, and his probing
of happenings after death were evident in the majority of his works. Edgar loathed
coarseness and banality in his friends and in his art and claimed that if he mirror-
ed the sexual oddities in mankind if is pure-' because they exist but he did not
exult in evil. Of all the West Indian writers Edgar was the best story-teller of
them all. Several of his works were given a Guianese and a Caribbean background.
Although he drew on the Caribbean for several of his novels yet his horizon extend-
ed across the world. Mittelholzer had strong well-defined views on the West Indie
and West Indian writing. He used to say that in order to gain acceptance and to
earn a living the West Indian writer must be prepared to leave the Caribbean. He
was forever ready to help the Caribbean writer strugglin' in Britain, especially
when he edited the BBC's radio programme called "Caribbean Voices".
Edgar had a quick precise way of speaking. There was even something girlish
about his tone of voice. He was a strange, unusual man, an eccentric, a brilliant
and prolific writer; an iconoclast, or tall thin aesthetic-lodking man, but he was
above all a friend. When the literary world in.Britain recovered from the sudde
shock of Mittelholzer's death they paid great tribute to him. Among those were the
BBC producer and English writer Henry Swanzy; Jan Carew, George Lamming, Samuel
Selvon and Andrew Salky.
Edgar's loss to the West Indies is a sad one to his We-st Indian writer friends
an even sadder one. But his voice will be with the world forever.

And here are some quotes on the same subject by a new member of Dawbiney, Anna
Burnet- Edgar Mittelholzer was born in British Guiana but did most of his
writing in England. His first novel was published when he was 31 years old. As
his father had been a disciplinarian, Edgar was brought up with a strong feeling
of guilt. He believed in strength, and throughout his life he was searching for
something something beyond the ordinary. ... He liked to go for long walks along
the Surrey countryside, and being fascinated by barometers and weather, wrote a
book called "The Weather Family". Edgar was expelled from school when he declared
he was an atheist, although he probably was not serious. Perhaps his masterpiece
was "Children of iaiwona". His talent was definitely not of the well-trodden
dveryday kind. He died at the age of 55 when he soaked his clothes in petrol and
set himself alight, seeking to meet with DEATH as he had always wanted to do.

REV. MARTIN LUTHER KIiG has started a drive to get a Federal Law passed in the USA
to protect Civil Rights workers from violence, since the jury acquitted a man
charged with murdorin-: a Civil Rights woman demonstrator.

Ae .igh THE STAR Saturday, November 6, 1965

Damp, Damp, Damp
Preparatory Parorammess:

Two of the most delightful treats of the air, leading up to "D Day", were
the reading of his patois contest by Prizewinner Languodoc of Boetica Village.
,Aside from the winning story, his tale of the Princesse Eleanore was a lively
Breton fairy-tale which it probably descended from; his timbre and delivery
wore perfect, and the timing of the ejaculatory chorus. Text, Mrs. Sissies
Caudeiron's well-researched little masterpiece on creole costume was most
ploping and authentic. We hope that there will be repeats of some of those
delightful programmes even ~ter the event.
Dies Dominica : this radio programme introduced a potted history of
Dominica for the first time to many citizens, and it is difficult to cover nearly
500 years of history in thirty minutes. The professional touch was evident in
the script and the excellence of the production ("produced in our Roseau studi)9
Anyone who knows the limitations of space and equipment will admit it was quite
a triumph. But the necessary telescoping lead by emphasis to a certain
unconscious falsification; for example "representative government was short-
lived"is a strange statement for something which existed for 120 years. An
attempt to introduce Crown Colony rule was defeated in 1865 and not enforced
until 1895, it bein,' felt by the rulers in England that a true representation of
all classes was more likely under Crown Colony than that obtaining in an assembly
elected under a narrow planter-merchant franchise, since the freed slaves,
(previously represented by their owners) had no representation then at all.
La Plaine led the West Indies with the cry of "no taxation without representation"
in 1883, when the "Dominica riots" were put down by H.M.S. Aurora.
There wore also curious omissions. One missed any reference to that great
figure Cprib Warner, 17th century native governor; to "la guerre negre" of 1844
over squatters' rights (of emancipated slaves) to live on the Queens Three Chains*
the religious disturbances -- which were severe -- and the."intemperate language
to the Speaker" of coloured Methodist legislator Falconer (loader of the
Ascendancy Party) which caused him to be gaoled for contempt; the Carib Riot
of 1930 or the mutiny of the W.I. Eogiment in 1802.
Other little slips in this interesting programme were ioDpol chii~pinto
a stoel band -- the background music being noticeably pan-less; Rule Britannia
played as symbolic of the tyrannous British long before it was actually composed;
and one of the moreO singular modern omissions was the deletion of Dominica's
affiliation to the first West Indies Federation for four years.
The DAY itself started officially in the Botanical (CGadens in gruelling
heat and high humidity, seven schoolchildren collapsing as they stood in the
sun listening, to the interminable speeches of Ministers; relief came from a
heavy- downpour which, literally washed out the rest of the proceedings; thus wb Tcqst
the prize-winning anthem (rehearsed by the young for the occasion) -- words by
Mr. W,0.M. Pond of the Education Department and music by Mr. L.M. Christian of
the Christian Musical Class. The anthem has a classical hymnal tone.
Low point was the-dusk-tine carnival jump-up, which ultimately rain
damped down, but not before cars were pushed back and a few acts of violence
took place. High point was the afternoon performance (under shelter) of the
dancers and other performers at the Dominica Grammar School. The finalists in
the Ecl Air and Quadrille drew tremendous applause, and all marvelled at the
excellence of the Co.-...onwealth Arts Festival troupe, ably produced and chorco-
graphed by hMr. Joffre Robinson and Brother Estrada. Some of the resistance
to passing care was duoe o the lateness of the hour (well after 6 o'clock)
before the show at the Grammar School finished; the Police wore unable to
mark off one-way streets until nearly half-past-six for the masked Carnival.
Only one sizeable and properly orgranised band was seen by us and it appeared
that a groat number of people had over-fortified themselves with alcohol against
the outside wet. From about 11 a.m. to 9.30 p.m. the rain was almost continuous.
During the day a number of interested persons enjoyed the freedom of Govoeninent

S Saturday, November 6, 1965 THE STAR Page Nine
We publish on this page a beautiful sonnet by Harold Trowbridge Pulsifer, one-
time President of the Poetry Society of America and Harvard prizewinner for poetry.
In our view this sonnet ranks with some of the best ever-written.


Time winnows beauty with a fiery wind,
Driving the dead chaff from the living grain.
Some day there will be golden sheaves to bind:
There will be wonder in the world again.
There will be lonely phrases born to power,
There will be words immortal and.profound;
Though no man knows the coming of the hour,
And no man knows the sower or the ground.
It may be even now the ranging earth
Lifting to glory some forgotten land
Feels there deep beauty quickening to birth,
Sprung from the sowing of a hidden hand.
Beauty endures though towering empires die.
O speed the blown chaff down the smoking sky!

Harold Trowbridge Pulsifer, 1886-1948


According to a return made to the British Parliament in October, the total
amount of C.D. & W. aid to the West'Indies since 1946 was $312,321,600. Of
this 96% was in outright grants and only 4% in loans. In addition the British
Colonies in the West Indies have received during the ten years 1954-64 Grants
in Aid and Hurricane Relief Grants of $79,000,000 and loans of $152,000,000.

The table below gives a detailed breakdown of the C.D. & W. aid to the
Eastern Caribbean islands, showing the amount per head of population (based on
the 1960 census).

Financial Year 1964-65 Period 1946-6j
Total per Head Total per Head

Barbados ii1,670,246 $ 7.30 $11,017,435 $ 47
Grenada 1,391,553 15.60 9,109,075 102
St. Vincent 1;528,445 19.20 10,919,075 150
St. Lucia 1,165,070 13.50 18,630,0o8 208
Dominica 1,452,016 24.50 16,181,333 270
Montserrat '629,333 50.30 3,470;981 280
Antigua 1,306,877 24.10 11,476,013 212
St. Kitts 924,029 16.40 8,493,211 150


"It is good manners which make the excellence of a neighbourhood. No

wise man will settle where they are lacking." -- Confucius.

"The purpose of political debate is to achieve results, not to win argument'
--- L.Deighton.


.----- M.C.C. won their opening match
of the tour, against West Australia by
9 runs; and Mike Smith can be satisfied"
with his team's performance. Batting first
M.C,C. piled up a formidable score of 447
for'5 declared. Barber led the way with
126, while Parks was 107 not out when
the innings was declared closed. West
Australia batted well when they took the
crease. Opening batsman Kelly scored
a slow but sound 119, while Playle
(45) and Chadwick (52 not out) gave him
good support. West Australia were able
to reach 303 for 9 at the declaration.
Bowling for M.C.C., Jones captured
5 wickets for 59 runs while Lartor,Allen
and Barber got one each. M.C.C. went
for quick runs in their second inn-
ings and declared at 157 for 5, leaving
West Australia to get 302 runs for
victory. They started badly, but Kelly
and Vernon becari associated in a 4th
wicket stand which passed the two hundred
mark. Vernon was dismissed with the score
at 257, and there was a collapse. Vernon
got a century and Kelly was 157 not out
when the last wicket fell. Kelly thus
became the first West Australian to
score a century in each innings against
an M.C.C. team. Larter claimed 5 wickets
for M.C.Cf
The second match of the tour was begun
4t Perth, Australia, yesterday. MC.CC.
wri ut /ito ba*t4 and btwreen sholwrsy*

Saturday, November 6, 1965


SUNDAY Oct. 31: M/Tanker Saphir discharged
Spray Oil at Fond Cole; M/V Ruth Ann from
Barbados with gen. cargo, sailed same day
for Puerto Rico; M/V Perseus from U.K.
'kith about 60 tons gen. cargo incl. 1,000
cartons condensed milk etc. for D/ca Dis-
pensary Co. Sailed to B/dos same day.
MONDAY: M/V Tsefat with for
J.E. Nassief and shooks for Govt.Marketing.
TUESDAY: M/V DE res from Guadeloupe
with 85 Swedish tourists to visit
Castaways; THURSDAY: M/V Perseus from St.
Lucia to load bananas at Fond Cole;
M/Tanker Imacos discharged fuel at Fond
Cole. FRIDAY: M/V Benefactor with 101
tons gen. cargo; EXPECTED THIS WEEK-END:
M/V Goest Port from U.K.; M/V Agamamnon
with fertilizer for Roseau & Portsmouth.

A research Fellowship at the Univer-
sity of Manchester was offered to the
present Principal of Kenya Institute of
Administration, Mr. Alan Simmance, to
start early next year. But as the Kenya
Government (for the second time) asked
him to extend his contract with them,
the University has agreed to hold the
Fellowship open. Mr. Simmance's wife
Phina is the daughter of the publisher
and editor of this paper, Mr. & Mrs.
-------- ------- -------- -~~-" ~---- ------

scored 237 for 6 at the close of play.
Edrich scored a brilliant 92 and Smith Last Thursday General Charles de Gaulle,
is 59 not out. President of France, announced his
intention of standing for election
-Footbl Spartans are almost certain of again He is now 75 and the term is
being Division I champions this season. for 7 years.
They beat their nearest rivals (Empire) ------ -
by the odd goal in five on Monday in an BRITISH GUIANA London Conference
interesting but unexciting game. Spar- completed its review of constitutional
tanrgot an early lead and were two up and independence issues without Jagan.
halfway through the second half when
Clom John got a beauty after beating LATE NEWS R H 0 D E S I A: A state
three defenders. Spartan were down to of emergency was declared in Rhodesia
ton Len just before half time (when one and 'inpprt controls were sharply applied:
player was ordered off), and for a by Smith's Govt. The British Cabinet is
period played vith nine men. Empire standing by should conditions worsen by
reduced the arrears through a penalty a declaration of unilateral independence.
and levelled the scores half-way through European Common Market countries, U.S.A.,
the second half. Empire applied press- Canada and other Commonwealth lands will
ure, but Casinir and Carrington con- support any sanctions imposed by Britain.
stantly foiled their attacks. Spartan's .-
winner came four :.inutcs before time WAR & PEACE: Further violence has
when there w-s a misun-orstanding be- occurred in Cyprus. In Viet Nam, an
twoen Williams and Lar igue of Empire, American Surgeon removed a live grenade
and Casimir shot into an empty net. which had lodged in the back of a Viet-
World Football Championship a special names soldier. During the operation
stamp to narl- this will be issued-by man and Doctor were surrounded by sand-
.. Britain in June 1966 by the P.M.G. bags in case of detonation. .";
Printed and published by the Proprietor, RoboetE. ATlfrey of St. Aroment,
Dominica, at-26 Bath Road, Roseau, Domnica, .,

Par ,o cn