Citrus industry in Argentina and Brazil

Material Information

Citrus industry in Argentina and Brazil
Series Title:
Citrus Station mimeo report
DuCharme, E. P ( Ernest Peter )
Citrus Experiment Station (Lake Alfred, Fla.)
Florida Citrus Commission
Place of Publication:
Lake Alfred FL
Florida Citrus Experiment Station :
Florida Citrus Commission
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
1 leaf : ; 28 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Citrus fruit industry -- Argentina ( lcsh )
Citrus fruit industry -- Brazil ( lcsh )
non-fiction ( marcgt )


General Note:
Caption title.
General Note:
"October 8, 1963."
Statement of Responsibility:
E.P. DuCharme.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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Resource Identifier:
75958926 ( OCLC )


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Full Text

Citrus Station Mimeo Report CES 64-h
October 8, 1963

Citrus Industry in Argentina and Brazil

E. P. DuCharme
University of Florida
Citrus Experiment Station
Lake Alfred, Florida

Thirty years ago the citrus industry of Argentina and Brazil constituted an important facet of their agricultural economics. Then the tristeza disease virtually destroyed the entire industry during the next 15 to 20 years. Both Argentina and Brazil give estimates that each has lost approximately 10,000,000 trees because of tristeza. For a time citrus fruits were in short supply and fruit had to be imported as the industries rebuilt. Today the citrus industry in these countries has come back strong and has been almost completely reorganized.

The reshaping and rebuilding of the industry is vigorously moving forward. Growers are planting new groves, using new rootstocks, changing varieties and employing as much as possible the latest methods in citriculture. The increasing production of fruit over and above internal consumption in these countries has resulted in the resumption of their place in the world citrus market. The rising production in these countries is being accompanied by the development of a new citrus processing industry.

At one time citrus processing was limited to citrus confection products, citrus juice-based beverages and small amounts of concentrated, cooked and sweetened orange juice to be used as a beverage and cooking additive. Now, citrus processing is being done in modern stainless steel-equipped factories producing good quality single strength and concentrate juice. These products are pasteurized and treated with sodium benzoate preservative. Argentina has one such juice factory in operation, one in construction, and one to be built within the next five years. In Brazil the record is almost the same. One juice plant is about complete, another is on the drawing board now and should be in operation within 18 months and there are rumors of others to be built.

The operating juice factory in Argentina is now expanding its capacity and entering the field of frozen concentrate. These i dustrial developments are influencing fruit production and demands are now being made for good quality fruit and the production of an adequate supply of mid-season fruit in order to lengthen the processing season.

As yet the industrialization of citrus in Argentina is young and all of its products are not sufficient to meet all of the demands being placed upon it. As long as the industry therecan and will continue to produce a quality product it will not only remain in but also with strengthen its position in the world citrus market.

Florida Citrus Experiment Station
and Florida Citrus Commission,
Lake Alfred, Florida.
400-lO/8/63 - EPD

Full Text


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