Citrus Station Mimeo Report CES 64-h
October 8, 1963
Citrus Industry in Argentina and Brazil
E. P. DuCharme
University of Florida
Citrus Experiment Station
Lake Alfred, Florida
Thirty years ago the citrus industry of Argentina and Brazil constituted an important facet of their agricultural economics. Then the tristeza disease virtually destroyed the entire industry during the next 15 to 20 years. Both Argentina and Brazil give estimates that each has lost approximately 10,000,000 trees because of tristeza. For a time citrus fruits were in short supply and fruit had to be imported as the industries rebuilt. Today the citrus industry in these countries has come back strong and has been almost completely reorganized.
The reshaping and rebuilding of the industry is vigorously moving forward. Growers are planting new groves, using new rootstocks, changing varieties and employing as much as possible the latest methods in citriculture. The increasing production of fruit over and above internal consumption in these countries has resulted in the resumption of their place in the world citrus market. The rising production in these countries is being accompanied by the development of a new citrus processing industry.
At one time citrus processing was limited to citrus confection products, citrus juice-based beverages and small amounts of concentrated, cooked and sweetened orange juice to be used as a beverage and cooking additive. Now, citrus processing is being done in modern stainless steel-equipped factories producing good quality single strength and concentrate juice. These products are pasteurized and treated with sodium benzoate preservative. Argentina has one such juice factory in operation, one in construction, and one to be built within the next five years. In Brazil the record is almost the same. One juice plant is about complete, another is on the drawing board now and should be in operation within 18 months and there are rumors of others to be built.
The operating juice factory in Argentina is now expanding its capacity and entering the field of frozen concentrate. These i dustrial developments are influencing fruit production and demands are now being made for good quality fruit and the production of an adequate supply of mid-season fruit in order to lengthen the processing season.
As yet the industrialization of citrus in Argentina is young and all of its products are not sufficient to meet all of the demands being placed upon it. As long as the industry therecan and will continue to produce a quality product it will not only remain in but also with strengthen its position in the world citrus market.
Florida Citrus Experiment Station
and Florida Citrus Commission,
Lake Alfred, Florida.
400-lO/8/63 - EPD
0 -c. .0 t0 01 0 -L0 00 -.-S -0 -0 0 S.. -0 --000 0 -ST010T---0 Put 00~~~U~qq 0.m~ad vp* 0 0 0 a -.0 -0 0 0 -.-.0 -491 ST~q~op~am qq T u-c~so sq uqjquoas q40 o -q .-T 00vla tt-[T1 044onpo pi~ 0 0 00 .. -0.0 -lsnu qq 0v 000 *0000.-en S ao0oa oq .0uo 0-[-Cc 00 94 O-n PUS. 2=1 0V -9a UT Gn -0 JO OE Z1[La4nU 9T4 -4@-9 .0-ua 9Lsaoa 0~q u0. S t-.0 ..0 04 .0pa 0T q .a u0gspTwS 0tdn 0,vnbp US j-oqnpa -q 0 0 0..0 0 ~jn 0O ao 0 pt 0 ra~o Ga0 -0.ma 0.t uoqopa 0Ta --.0 0 00u *0 -6atdlaa -.agpc 0 s~ *av~uoo 00.oa -o pla0 aqq -u pu 00 0q -u .o P.vq 2-E~ap9 .0O 0~ iqqq* (09do qn. s. qul 0 00.* 0 0 *0.00a 0 .PU "O40. 0 E qu -ut-ad uC-oqv 0. En t-.sa 00 0Uq9a 0 9TAO .a 0qoza 0.po qq* .a-ea PUS .0~nasd pule0.0. 00 *pq-,uoo j .u.0 T-.m 0u eavaa pag.9~t 0 000. 0sopj 'ocoDuo 0~iq04 -9TT 0 -m 0'issoa 0n1T atn'V. 0 ..0 0 0 -Ba .00o0ad s. 0 0 0 00 v jo queudolOAG oqq00 pactdmo Ottq s .sra .0 00eq uT 00.npa u-s --.-.-* 00 ...0 .-0. -.0 0tl 0qNv s*q~ 0 ~ o 00. q 0T ao .0Tq So 0 .0 0Pvm~ -UAU 00soa2t 0.f-q-nu ..-0 0.-p-cq. .u0u~vse 6666666 -0 0~ 0 -~ ..*us 0:ie~ S-9;. do qsgr, 0ea .v PU guaq :pv au ev .ap o 0.0qr UT g ~nU Sn4T 9q .PO .,-tqa 00~ agnu aq es -a u q oq pt ;Tn00 0u. 0ldn qa -l 0r 0amsTa ~~ u va -vosa 0o 0ssa sa0. 000coo~col ?,j94vui~xoaddv 0s~v 0jv .uqs vtqe9ABIr .ECP euqaa qqoq~~~~ ~~ *su03 .0 1qa q uapgqjp axqaaqpgasp.T[na esves~p g~qqsaq eqq U911j, -.otiao -Eaq0oc~ tq j ae uei mU PqnT~U0 -z~gPu UW9a J 49~ftS~aT L~ ~gsv6.SqT4 -0 0 -T Td c09'TV9-7 uooq quuaax .00 C 0Pa~ 00. 0. 0 T-f