Material Information

Place of Publication:
Tapia House Pub. Co.
Publication Date:
completely irregular
Physical Description:
no. : illus. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note:
Includes supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Tapia House Pub. Co.. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
000329131 ( ALEPH )
03123637 ( OCLC )
ABV8695 ( NOTIS )
UF00072147_00260 ( sobekcm )

Full Text


Vol. 7 No. 13.

THE TAPIA election
Machinery was activated
S-tis week following the

iatives' decision last Sunday
'--to contest the April' 25
SLocal Government elec-
: tions.
Campaign cadres were
brought together at the
STapia House last Thursday
night -as part of stepped
up activity aimed at getting
the campaign on the road.
At the Cipriani Boule-
varde, Port-of-Spain Centre,
designated the campaign;
headquarters for the 1976
General Elections, _the
Council of Representatives
will meet again on Sunday
at 10.30 a.m.
Representatives at that
Smneeting will decide on
-candidates, on a budget'
and on a Manifesto.


It is expected that the
Local Government Elec-
tions Manifesto 1977 will
,eventually be published as
a supplement of the TAPIA
Tapia Secretary Lloyd
Best declined to give details
about the discussions of
the Council last Sunday,
when that body met to
decide on whether to run
in the local elections.

- I


: ES'


-or the best
Gents Suitings

All Best would say was:
"After a full day of dis-
cussion and debate on the
s.tat_.._- he party.. the..
'Council miphasisd t hat
Tapia must lose no time to
put its election machine.
into gear."
Last Sunday's meeting.
he said. was adjourned
"after close consideration
of conditions surrounding
the/ local government elec-
Lloyd Best promised to
announce further details
about the*Tapia campaign
following Sunday's Council

That meeting, according
to Best, "will spell out
operations for the Tapia
election campaign."
And campaign operations
will then be launched with-
out delay.
Best said he looked
forward to a large turn-out
on Sunday.
In the meantime, the
Secretary and other officials
are busily holding behind-
the-scenes consultations
with Tapia members all
As for Lloyd Best's
own view of Tapia's parti-
cipation in the local elec-
tions, a statement in his
"On My Own Scene"
column on page three
TAPIA this week, is clearly
"Once there is an elec-
tion season," he writes,
"action is the action."
This is a reference to
Best's famous 1967 state-
ment: "Thought is the
action for us."
And in relation to the
1977 local government
elections and the decision
taken last Sunday to con-

test, the Tapia Secretary
: "Now is not the time to
d WeL.on tsrday. . Tlih
great Jan'getr"i'nr'oi'vineii t-lf
such as Tapiu i' that e
could get carried away by
this cherished notion of

permanent politics. Of the
politics that cofitinues
between elections, between
. crises, between mobibjiz -.:;
"in the final analysis.
the high points must always
be moments of agitation,


-- --
He ae h










of electioneering of politi-
cal or military confronta-

how. the prospect 6f" a
campaign-can turn people
on. (L.G.)






for WI








Tapia contesting local govt elections

L~ I-. III I sl



45 Cents.



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THE tourist brochures we
send around the world
ritually boast of the
diversity of races and
cultures to be found in
Trinidad and Tobago. Life
here is thought to have a
rare, if no: unique, cos-
mopolitan lavour.
It is a theme pick:.d tip
even at the le' el of our
national anthem, which
proudly asserts that "Here
ev'ry creed and race find
(s) an equal place."
Significantly, the words
of the anthem go beyond
the mere ritual assertion
of the fact of diversity, to
the proclamation of a
state of equality among
the many elements of
our population.

in the
fourth part
of his series
Mawkish as the senti-
ments of the anthem
generally are, and as dis-
putable as this particular
sentiment might be, the
instinct uL1pderlying it is
undoubtedly a sound one.
It is the instinct to
establish ideals which
transcend the recognisable
facts ot time and place.'
A nation is more than
thle sumi of its fragments.
But just what is required
to transform us from a
collection of fragments
into a cohesive nation is
as yet dimly perceived,
and hence inarticulate.
Front the arid legalese
of the constitutional pro-
visions for equal human
rights, to the copywriter's
lyricism of "many races
mingling together in har-

r rA]A

Keep abreast of the real

currents in the. Caribbean Sea '

With fresh commentary every

friday morning

Pol. 5 itic

.S po!' : r t. iE~ lp

Li ratr

Economy i cs.'!JllP

Rates for 1977

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom Countries
Other Caribbean
EE.C. (incl. U.K.)

fT S25.00 pW: .ear
US S25.00
Stg. L14. 00

Surface rates and rates for
other countries on request.
- Tapia, 82-84 St. VincentSt, Tunapuna, & 22 Cipriani Bvd.
P.O.S. Trinidad & Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662 5126 & .62 25241.

mony", the instinct
towards unity, and, by
implication, equality.
finds various expression.
Yet it is an instinct
which is often defeated
by the facts of our experi-
Pride in our diversity
co-exists with anxiety
over its consequences.
That anxiety surfaces in
politics and in sport, in
culture and in economics.
In the absence of a
strong sense of common
loyalties, each group
suspects that the first
loyalty of each other is
tc 'self, and concludes
that in the, competitive
struggle for scarce re-
sources the elementary
law of survival is a closing
of its own ranks.
Yet, paradoxically,
enough, any display of
group solidarity is apt to
excite accusations of dis-
loyalty to some assumed
common identity.
And under stress, we
experience increasingly
wide and violent oscilla-
tions between the poles of
the group solidarity we
know and the national.
identity we postulate.
The yearning for "one-
ness" may become des-
perate, even to the point
of absurdity, as in ti e
.case of the coilh-.....,
who professes :,,t tu see
any Africans or Indian,
but only Trinidadi'
(and Tobagonians too,
The ideal of "oneness"
merges iriperceptib l into
the notion of "sameness"
Yet, at.the: level of com-
mvn experience as opposed
to odiological theory, it
is evident that we arI not
all the same, that we do
not share the same values.
loyalties or conceptions.
of ourselves.
And the oneness we
may enjoy, as has often
been remarked, may re-
side in the sharing of the
assumption by each of
our constituent groups
that somehow it is in a
disadvantageous position
_in ,relation to the others.
Perhaps it is because of
the radical manner in
which. history imposed

ouLr diersit.\ on us that
%%e react to it so violentl.
Perhaps we do make too
much of our differences.
But the phin ,a.c.t I:..-.
- tlni .'gardless of.f ie :
original circumstances.
diversity is a normal con-
dition of any modestly
populous / and sophisti-
cated community-
So that we may as well
disabuse ourselves of the
'notion that diversity will
be eliminated by. some
natural, evolutionary pro-
cess; th:!t out of the
melting pot will emerge
the mn trial iomI which
a new racet of homogene-
ouLs mt .I ill be moulded.
In our own short his-
tory of relations among
diverse peoples and cul-
tures, we have noticed
thlt some give and take
has occurred'and 'we may

N U -.


Agents ifor.
Manufacturers Representatives
And (Geteral Insurance Agents
No. 5 roncessio; Rd. Sea Lots
Phone: 62-37813 *

Ir'lo ionabl, e \pect more of .
But3 l sucl development ts
,take tine. and j.l-ere
SAlo -appare.t : '.
fl, cha nge y-s"i f
thai the.p, cess 'ill work -
itself outautoimatica ll- or.
'even soon enough to make-'"
Sakdfference. "
To the contrar.\.l..b i't
and tradition are..notori-
ously difficult todislodge;.:,-.:
especially where. cultural
differences are bolstered:
by the physical dissimilari-'*,
ties of race.
For the same reasons.
we ought not to entertain
the hope that all our
diverse elements will in
time be assimilated to one
existing style of life and
pattern of thought, pre-
ferably, those of our own
To so hope. is to dodge
Sthe issue, for surely the
problem, if problem it is,
is .that each group clings
tenaciously to its qwn
No universally and un-
ambiguously accepted
model of behaviour or
scheme of values exists
an'ong us, and there is
neither a god to reveal
one nor an imperial power
to impose it.
We have.. to learn to
live with each other and
with ourl 1 unavotlable
diversity. 1 lhe question is




four roads

112, henry st.

4<, eastern mn. rd.

cross crossing


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ON MY OWN SCENE ... Lloyd Best
I 'I C basa ~r~I~

In election
SO WE COME to' the local
government elections and
for April 25.
Uoyd, boy, I too glad Once the
to see Tapia fighting. .. season,
All 'kinds of people have action.
hailed me out in the It is truly
street. the prospect
"If you understand what can tun pe
really going on, you can't The gre
retire 'because of what Movement
people do last September. that we c
"Failure", continued the away by
driver, backing an ice-truck notion of
onto Tunapuna Road, "is politics.
only the beginning of Of the
success." continues t
-I wanted to tell him that between c
in September people didn't mobilizatic
do nothing; that in the In the fi
important ways, we are high points
carrying no burdens from the momer
the general elections in of election
1976. cal if not n
But I said no. Pointless. station.
Now is not the time to Lcal
dwell on yesterday. any lel o
any level o




ere is an election
action is the
ly amazing how
ct of a campaign
people on.
at danger in a
such as Tapia is
would get carried
this cherished
politics that
betweenn elections,
rises, between
nal analysis, the
s must always be
nts of agitation,
eering, of politi-
nilitary confron-

eneral, universal,
If election Tapia

Action is


must go. You must have
enough experience to know
that, Lloyd Best.
I was reading in the
Express where all you eh
running and I say all you
must be gone mad.


He surprised me. I had
stopped to take up this
fella, an enthusiast from
the days of the middle
1950s, known to have been
completely enchanted by
the politics of those times.
Now, apparently, his
fires have gone out but I
discovered that he was
6ne of those people who
were looking at the politics
and seeing right through.

Angostura Old Oak Rum
A mellow blend of light
Trinidad rums. Smooth.
clean tasting


He kept on insisting
that Tapia must run. "I am understood what that
not one for predicting any meant. Not until you said
results, but what I'm that Tapia did not really
telling you now, Lloyd, is get any great number of
that the time is sure to votes, let alone any seats
come. in the House.'
He told me he had
ceased to be involved in
any politics at all. He had NON-STARTER
never bothered to join ~ny
other party.
But I did the right thing Yes, I reiterated. That
last September. He warmed: was the important thing.
"In all conscience, I went Tapia was a non-starter in
out and I voted Tapia." the 1976 elections; we did
I wondered if he was not get votes even where
just mamaguying me. No. we had established sup-
But did he simply go out port, an efficient campaign
to register another protest and a popular candidate.
vote? Was he attempting to I see what you mean
make his peace with the now, he concluded. Tapia
future? I asked him. for silver made you a non-
You know, he replied, starter because each indivi-
I once read where you dual had only a vote for
said that thing about how their party of "gold".
so many people wanted
Tapia "for silver". But the time will
At first, he had not come . . .


doing it-and why

THE HILLS of Gonzalez
are not the only place
where people squat.
They do it almost every-
where government lands
are available.
But to see squat-
ting as an evil without
examining the condi-
tions responsible for it is
to look at things with a
ko-kee eye.
Why do people squat?
The first reason is
that people can't afford
to buy the land.
The second is the
irrationality of the land-
The third reason is
the shortage of housing
for this overcrowded
From 1957 to 1976,
the backlog of units
needed to allow a
reasonable level of
housing accommodation
is over 165,000.
The government is
building less than 2,000
units a year,, while the
private sector builds a
little over that.
So while the yearly
need to clear up the
backlog is 15,000 units,
between government
and private enterprise,
just over 4,000 are
The situation, there-
fore, leaves no room for
reasonable thought. The
results are a headlong
rush to squat on avail-
able government land.

Renting is a perpetual
source of worry and.
restlessness. Your*
monthly rents go up as
fast as food prices and
the poor tenant is forced
to move from place to
place with increasing
Savings are almost
impossible and even if
you- are able to save, to
cover the cost of
materials and labour is
like hell.
The 1977 Budget
promises loans for low-
income people. Yet
when you examine the
plan, the whole thing
looks like a bramble.
In -no way could a
man with a family of
five and a monthly
income of $500 secure
such a loan.
Most squatters work
for less and have larger
The Government,
therefore, must extend
the life of the loan by
100% and further reduce
'the instalment by half.
This seems a more
feasible exercise, if we
are to help the poor and
to help eradicate the,
problem of squatting.
While this by itself is
not sufficient for solving
the squatting problem,
it certainly helps, once
the other problems
which preceded it can
be soJved.
However, can you
cure the disease without
healing the cause?


--i' iL c ~.
~ i..~-~ ~

-~ 4

;- .- -* ,-,


-i. ~-rl C-'-. 'II-


Indira goes,


national elections just held
in India are a- stunning
reversal of traditional
Not only was Prime .
Minister Indira Gandhi |V T
defeated in her own con- t
stituency of Rae Bareli in
which she was thought to
have held an unassailable
position, but the Congress
Party itself, the party of
Gandhi -and Nehru and
Shastri, which had presided
over the fortunes of India
from even before the
advent of independence
was swept out of office.
No one factor could
account for such a monu-
mental change of heart by
the- Indian people. None-
theless, one factor of
undoubted significance
must be the people's'anger
over the -long period, of
authoritarian rule imposed
by Indira and lifted just
two months prior to the
The debate, both within Indir-a's actions point to,
India and outside, over the the, quite significant econ-
legitimacy of Indira's deci- omic strides made by
..sion to suspend the con- India in the last two years.
.stitution, in effect, ahd to Helped by' two favour-
-rule by. fiat, has never able moonsoon seasons,
abated and will only be India has been enjoying
-rekindled by the election unprecedented harvests
: results. and, as a result, ;asignifi-
::-;.;Thbse" who support cantly healthier .balance of

C1 O]

: add the
is alrea
we say
Sto the f

," anydd the

-^i' choose


- *




levels of corruption in the
public and private sectors
and for years made -a
mockery of the govern-
ment's attempts to
introduce monetary stabil-
Yet as noteworthy as
were the gains it is clear
from the results of the
elections that the Indian
people considered that
they were made at too
high a price.
.Not to mention, of.
course, the inistakes which
were made particularly
those involving Mrs.
Gandhi's impetuous son,
Sanjay, whose attempts to
force the vace of the
sterilisation programimie
angered countless. mil-
lions of the poorer, low-
caste peoples.
It may be that the lesson
to be learnt is that dem-
ocracy is a jealous lover
-nnvments nn itinn and once a politician makes

But the connection be-
tween this economic pro-
gress, and the kind of
regime inv which Indira
presided over it is at best a
.fenuots one.
Reports indicate too that
Sa great deal has been-'done
to 'reduce the faiitasic


so bold as to estrange her,
there can be no coming

In any case, the elections -
results, whatever their
future implications, speak
well for the state of the
democratic ideals in the
hearts and minds of the
Indian peoples.
Nor should we forget.
that Indira did not have to
call the elections.
As far as the future'is
concerned, it is much too
early to write off either
Indira or the Congress-
Party. The Janata-s
(People's) party is an elec-
toral alliance of numerous
diverse elements whose
only common factor hither-,-
to was their hatred of


And while possession of
the resources of the.state
can be a powerful lond,
it_ could also lead to a
swift exposure of the
hastily covered over riftso
and antagonisms, as the.
party faces the reality of -
Democracy in India may- ,
have been resuscitated and
reaffirmed but-it w6uld be
a foolhardy observer in-,
deed who, given the com-. :
plexities of Indian politics,
would claim that is is
anything more thah a
tender sapling which could
bend again with the first :"-
ill -wind. (M1.:-)
-.. -4: -,4

A peace corps for detente.
LOCAL representatives will be hosts to an international delegation =
of the World Peace Council expected to arrive on March. 27.
The World Peace Council. delegation will comprise members
from the Soviet Union, Zimbabwe, Chile, Colombia and Panama;
The delegates are expected to meet President Clarke and
political, trade union and community leaders in this country.
A public lecture, given as part of the delegations campaign to
promote understanding of detente, is scheduled for 8 p.m. on March
28 at the Public Library.


* ?

62 -22175

. -.. .. :. - -



WHATEVER else might be
said about him, and a lot
has been said, it must be
admitted that Ugandan
President Idi Amin- hal a
splendid talent for captur-
ing, seemingly at will, the
headlines of the world.
Amin, blithely ignoring
the torrents of opprobrium
heaped upon his head for
his alleged assassination of
.two cabinet ministers and
the Bishop of Uganda,
SAmin proceeded to declare
that he had as much right
-as the Queen of England
to be the head' of the
i Needless to say, this.
er"- minently logical proposi-
tion merely served to excite
to an even more intense
pitch the wrath of some
People around the world.
It also brought him more
Indeed, "Big Dada"
seems to collect vile
epithets in the same way,
that another infamous
dictator, Trujillo used to
collect hunours and insignia.
Amin has been called
everything: "racist mur-
derer", "pagan dictator",
"beast", "butcher", "buf-
Maybe Amin is all of
these things 'and, if it is
possible, worse. Yet that in
itself is not sufficient to
explain the frothing passion
which his actions and
statements excite, part-
icularly in the West.
For the unpalatable
truth is that in none of his
actions has he been either
unique or original.
Political history the
world over is replete with
examples of dictators as
vile, as corrupt and as
sadistic as.Arnin is reputed
Nor is Amin their only
successor alive today.
Yet neither in the recent






past nor even today have
the misdeeds of other
tyrants, with the possible
exception of Adolf Hitler,
excited such vehement
and concerted responses
from the rest of the world.
In what then does Amin's
distinction, if it can be so
called, lie? The reasons
may be two.

.I W U

In the first place, for because of the nature of
many Amin is a convenient his actions than the manner
bobolee. The harder they in which he conducts him-
beat him the less time self.
others have to look at the For Amin it is clear that
beaters. ,the niceties of international
But there is more to it diplomacy, that volumin-
than that. Amin-poses real ous cloak under which so
problems for many nations, much can be hidden, have
particularly the white no meaning.
western powers, less And in ways large and

.Any hioi

small he has repeatedly
exhibited his indifference
to or his contempt for the
so-called powerful leaders
of the world and their
Whether Amin's attitude
is the result of studied
policy or merely the
impulses of a psychopathic
mentality, or both, the
results are the same and
are potentially highly sub-
versive of the present sys-
tem of international order.
In fact, what Amin is
constantly revealing is that
there is no system- of
international order.
Today even the most
powerful nation is essenti-
ally impotent to control
for any significant period
of time the actions of
another nation.
In short, Amin,. the-
phenomenon, as distinct
from Amin the man, is
really the product of an
international system in
which -numerous new ,
nations, large and sma',
have been brought iptO
existence and to which are
granted, at least ij'
principle, the same soveregn
rights as those enjoyed by
* Continued on Page 8

~. .L


rAUIt o IA-IA Z UIuLJAL .i.- i,- f. l/


the play with which he would make his first major appear-
ance as a director in Trinidad is significant. It tells us right
away his taste in theatre and the kind of challenge he likes.
Put differently, it would seem that Hall relishes the Theatre
of the Absurd, and he favours the tight patrolling of a small

victor uestel


has also


(4) four




Visit or phone us at;

82-84 St. Vincent Street

22 Cpriani Boulevard


Madame is dead.
Her two maids are alive: they've
just risen up, free,
from Madame's icy form ... We
are beautiful, joyous, drunk.
and free!

That is the play that Hall
gives us. A play in which the
mirror is crucial. We are not
looking at the reality. We are
looking at a reflection or
what is meant to be a reflec-
tioq of ourselves, the audience.
This is taken one stage
further by Genet, who gets at
the split in ourselves, which is
a reflection of the split between
master and slave and not
entirely unrelated to the split
in the European psyche between
flesh and spirit, emotion and
The slave longs to be free
but he also longs to be like the
master; he recognizes his dilem-
ma and realizes that he must
"kill" the master in himself.
This is why Claire insists that
Solnge give her the tea.
Hence, they free themselves
from their preoccupation with
the Madame. Although the
Madame is still free, the
preliminary step hasbeen taken,
the maid has "killed" the
Madame in herseli>Genet is,
:. ; ..,. -.I
.', _,, 2 "'N ., -, _;


a hall

of mirrc

Whatever the strength of the play as theatre, one can assume
he also chose it because he felt that it is relevant. His brief introduc-
tion to the production begins with a quotation from Gordon
Rohlehr's essay "History as Absurdity" "Rebellion, if immature,
can lead to a defeat rather than a liberation of consciousness." This
suggests that Hall thinks the play tells us something about our failure
to make the rebellion total, to transfer it into revolution.
Genet's personal history as
orphan,thief and outcast par
excellence, gives him a vision
that enables him to explore the
tensions and the anxieties of
the individual beyond the pale,
whether he be homosexual or
thief, black or colonial, or
house both.
The fact is, Genet under-
n stands the terrors of the free -
in the men outside of the law,
outside of the system but
whose existence defines the
any law and the system. The judge
ceases to be a judge if there are
no thieves, no law-breakers; the
r master ceases to be master if
Y f r there 'are no slaves; there are
no saints without the Devil. The
iL reflection defines the mirror.
In THE MAIDS there are
DS two sisters, Solange and Claire;
they are the maids. They are in
to the employ of the Madame.
dion When Madame goes out one
of them would dress herself-in
\ Madame's clothes, and '. the
other would play the maid.
They reverse roles from-day to
ts Wher the play begins Claire
tJ is the Madare, Solange the
Said. We/learn from their con-
apersI -Versation that they are plotting Madame. Solange's pre-
SInes vious attempt failed, but 'they
are hoping that when Madame
Ile returns she will drink the
Poisoned tea that they intend
to give her. The game acted
u-es out by the two sisters com-
bines hate, sadism, lesbianism,
ills self-contempt and erotic fan-
When Madame finally
returns home, she talks and
talks but does not drink the
tea. She soon rushes out to
Smeet her lover 'who has just
been released, on bail, froin
jail. At the end of the play it is
Claire, dressed as Madame, who
insists that Solangq as maid,
offer her the poisoned tea.
a" When Claire dies, Solange tells
hng the audience:

operating on the level of sym- One feels he needed to.'slw,:.
bol and allegory,.thus,.there-is,. ., doynrt:be':pacafie iik S
only. one maid; for theatrical.. itodfa ~e-a,4.e i h
purposes, 'Genet's jreoccut- ness-i'ac-oni expr0 .
pauion with homosexuality and There should have been more
schizophrenia liecessitates the pauses, a greater use 'of their' -'
'use: of two maids, but they are objects in the room. -
two halves that mirror the' A greater use of the mirror
consciousness of the outcaste idea was also' needed. There.
'anywhere; whether slaye or should! ha\e been a more cal-
maid. culated sing between ritual
In his stage directions Genet and release as was used in the
asks that the maids be played mock litany of 'Madame' will "
by adolescent boys so that the have her tea".
strangeness, of the ritual be The play also required a siig-
heightened. gestion of the swing between
Ermine Wright playsSolange, 'sinner and saint, .something
Helen Camps is Claire and that is contained in the rangu-
Greer.'Jones the Madame.. age. Having decided to stage'the
Ermine Wright is the most play in the round, Hall should
talented. actress the Trinidad have used the audience's proxi-
Theatre Workshop, has pro- mity to suggest a'more urgent
duced. Yet, it is only as the sense of menace. His use of the
Mother in Ti-Jean and His balcony. though interesting,
Brothers and as Tan in Belle left Wright all alone, and she
Fanto that she has been sens- is very uncomfortable when
ibly used. An examination of left with so much space and
her other roles shows that she not even the audience
has been typecast for menial against.":
roles, and thus underemployed It is exactly in such circuin-
in the Workshop. stances that Helen' Camps
She first appeared in 1969 thrives. She is a theatrical
-in the Workshop's presentation actress, almost to a fault, and
of The World of Sam Selvon: thus relishes the role. She has
then she was an orange vendor tremendous energy: she acts
in The Calypsonian. She was out of her own enthusiasm and
Melba, a black "sister", in In A steam rather than through con-
Fine Castle; a cook in Franklin; tact with other people. She
a sweepstake vendor in One paces herself well; her laughter,
for the Road; an orange vendor her coy- questions, her pleas
in The Charlatan a market and her pauses capture 'Genet's
woman in Dream on Monkey concept of Claire.
Mountain; abbess in The Joker Helen Camps loves the
of'Seville and Virgie the fruit mirror, better yet if she is in a
vendor in O Babylon!. Now hall of mirrors. Ermine Wright
she is the senior maid in THE is-uneasy in such.aa hall. Her
MAIDS. gestures confuse her, and in,
As Solange .Miss Wright is the play one sees her struggling
inhibited by the nature of the to get beyond the mirror, but
play itself. Solange is n'ot so Genet does not let her.
much a character as a symbol. The emotional 'atmosphere
The play is. very theatrical as does not get enough help from
well as wordy. Many of the lighting. There is too much
Solange's monologues were white light. The decor by
executed by Ermine Wright as Moira Elias is sufficiently
if she could not get behind gaudy and cluttered to reflect
the words. She is an actress Madame's taste: but for Genet
who is strong on the emotional we need flowers not plants. It :
identification with her ch'arac- is strange that the audience is' "
ter. She was into Tan, seldom given flowers (made from .
into Solange. strips ot cloth) but so few
Hall is partly to. blame here: .fl.iwers ar- usd in- the produc-. '
': . -

Helen Camps ... captured playwnght' Ermine Wi
concept of Clrare


Tapia H



is read


in addi
to the

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1 I/'

. 11




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4t ..., seldom into Solange

In .addition to the burning
.- of.pncense, there should have
been the strong fragrance of ::
flowers, probably Lady of the
Night, In: such a situation the
S actresses could have crushed
and stripped flowers so as to
heighten dramatic tension and
deepen the symbolism. The
bedroom rugs are too shabby.
The production is strongest in
the areas of sound, make-up and
S:-Significantly, when the
Trinidad Theatre Workshop
broke away from the Little
Carib, according to Walcott,
"an actor had to try to be a
dancer"-.Now, ironically, with
the introduction of the dance
workshop it seems that.dancers
are asked, to become actors.
This is certainly what Greer
Jones,' a dancer, appearing as

the Madame, suggests. Her per-
formance incredible. Madame is
frivolous, theatrical, shallow
and not worthy of the imita-
tion and the intense obsession
that her maids have with her.
Madame too is trapped by
her role, because she too is
presenting to her mirror -
Solange and Claire the image
of herself that they expect. If
she ceases to play, to reel
around the room protesting,
appealing, demanding, then
she ceases to be Madame. The
maids would cease to envy her
for her fantasies, her clothes,
her escapades, while hating her
and worshipping her.
This is why the play reflects
the tensions of the colonial's
behaviour towards the colonial
over-lord,. that mixture of
admiration and hate, envy and
contempt. I liked Hall's inter-
pretation of Maa dame. Madame
knows, but Madame will play
the game. Thus she says: N

You're trying to kill me with
your tea and your flowers and
your suggestions.

Madame can afford to laugh
-because she feels safe. Her
mirror still tells her that she is
Ilhe fairest one of them all. She
ttill sees the envy in her
mriaids' eyes. But Madame is
decadent, and the flowers, if
they were there, would have-
helped to make the' point.
Moreover time is running out
both for the Madame and for
the maids, -but that terror of
the ticking clock never' moves
beyond the crisp sound system
into the acting.
I When the Workshop did
Genet's The Blacks in 1966,
one. reviewer observed that: -

'The Blacks' failed. That: the
houses were packed night after
night is irrelevant It failed
because embarrassed audiences,
sitting stupefied before such
apparent irreverence, did not
understand it
Part of the reason for the
audiences- ailing to understand
it, was that the players did not.
understand it either; and in their
failure to understand and their
anXiety to garble and hurry over
the ptingent language, they pro-
duced a lamentable flop. Trini-
dad Guardian Fri. Nov. 4th.,
1966 p. 12)

The curious thing about that'
statement is that two years
later, Walcott replied that ".. no
one expected the insult of one
anonymous reviewer who

informed the actors that they
did not understand their lines".
(Sunday Guardian Magazine
Sept. 29th., 1968). What is
curious is that Walcott's state-
ment bn this issue highlights a
grave contradiction, because
y1970 his-comments on his
actors in the essay, "What the
Twilight Says: An Overture",
come very close to echoing
those of the anonymous
reviewer. I must establish this
contradiction by quoting Wal-
cott at some length.
You are rehearsing The Blacks,
and you begin to see that their
minds, . are baffled by this
challenge of the absurd. .
They have the confused vitality
of beginners, . The play
becomes less a satire and more a
Carnival. .. The madness of
surrealism means nothing to
their sensibility, . their
minds refuse to be disfigured
. It is not that they do not
understand the absurd, but that
they cannot enjoy its mincing,
catamite dances of death.
This observation is crucial
because it reveals that Walcott
realized by 1970 that his actors
can understand the absurd, but
"cannot enjoy its mincing'
catamite dances of death". By
1977 Walcott is no longer with
the Workshop but its leading
actress Ermine Wright when
confronted with the absurd

could not "enjoy its mincing
catamite dances of death."
The point is that Genet for
all his understanding of the
predicament, dilemma and
vision of outcasts, whether they
be thieves, blacks, or maids,
has a way of confronting.
absurdity and alienation that
is alien to our instincts. It is.
not that "we should not do
Genet,it is just that we should
begin by recognizing that there
is a difference between his
sense of alienation and ours.
There is an absence of con-
trolled frenzy, agony and pas-
sion in Genet that makes it
difficult for black actors to
enter totally into Genet's intense
but sterile ritual games.
This is probably why when
The Blacks was done at St.
Marks Playhouse Baldwin felt
that it was "always on the
edge of clowning". Walcott
felt that with his actors that,
same play became "less a satire
and more a Carnival." It is not
that Genet is not lyrical, it is
that his lyricism is too cold,
too disembowelled, too cerebral.
As Hall himself says, "Genet's
void (is) the void of death".
Choosing from the Euro-
pean writers of the AbSurd, the
director of West Indian actors
may be better served if he
went to plays that offered at

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Nissan has created Datsun cars, Pick-ups,
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sole distributor for Nissan products in Trinidad
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~6~6P~ICI~E~r i~.,. ~.1 .

- 1.-~.

Victor Questel reviews The Maids

Vacant Post of Director, Institute of
Languages, Range 63 Ministry of
Education, Culture and Community Development
Applications are invited from suitably qualified persons
for appointment to the post of Director, Institute of Langu-
ages Range 63, Ministry of Education, Culture and Community

2. Particulars relating to the post are as follows:-
Range 63: $2,084 per month
Minimum Experience and Training
Considerable experiencein the field of foreign language
teacher training and foreign language teaching and training as
evidenced by an approved advanced Degree in Language
Education or Linguistics supplemented by a Degree or Diploma
in Education with particular emphasis on education adminis-
tration or any equivalent combination of experience and
3. Only applications received in response to this advertise-
meit will be considered.
4. Further particulars relating to the post together with
the prescribed application forms can be obtained from the
Director of Personnel Administration, Teaching Service Com-
mission Division, 31 Pembroke Street, Port-of-Spain to whom
all applications should be submitted to reach not later than
31st March, 1977.

least one area of sympathy
- the West Indian's love of
language for its own sake, or
the failure of language in rela-
tion to meaning, and the triumph
of silence. The choice is thus
Ionesco or Beckett rather than
Now that Walcott has left
the Workshop and the maids
have "killed" the madame,
though madame is still free,
what next? The game in the
hall of mirrors is over. The
end of the era of narcissism
may be over and the maids
want their freedom from
Devil's Island, or is it Siberia?
Bluntly, we in Trinidad long
to see the Workshop stage
Roderick Walcott's Bongo
Man, Ian McDonald's Tramping
Man, Michael Gilkes' Couvade,
Lennox Brown's A Ballet
Behind The Bridge, and the
several other plays by- Stanley
French, Marina Maxwell, Barry
Record, Lloyd Reckord, Den-
nis Scott, Trevor Rhone,
Ronald Amoroso, Mustapha
Matura, Cesaire, Hector Quin-
tero and Francisco Arrivi. There
is enough acting ability and
directing talent in the Workshop
to do these plays and play-
wrights justice something
that the Workshop has so far
failed to do. Bois.

~:-apa~-c -a~-~xr*~Pa~slrslc;ss~rrrrrrr~;-l ----

- tff



WHILE so many countries
are feverishly trying to
catch up with modern
industrial agriculture, some
Mexicans are successfully
going back to the old-
fashioned methods.
The impulse to uncover
the virtue of traditional
methods comes from a
growing concern with the
In Mexico too, reaction
is widening against the
dangers of an excessively
industrial pattern of farm-
In an interview with
UNESCO Features, Dr.
Arturo Gomez-Pampa,
Director of the Natural

Resources Research Insti-
tute in Mexico City, discus-
sed his country's efforts
to find an intermediate
approach between tradi-
tional and modern methods
Dr. Gomez-Pampa is
Chairman of the internal.
tional co-ordinating council
of UNESCO's programme
for Man and the Biosphere
For the last few years,
researchers have been,
studying a system of land
use developed in the
Valley of Mexico fifteen
centuries ago. Known as

the chinampa system, it
involves a close relation
ship between water, soil,
croos and cattle.
First, channels are
dredged in one of the lakes
in the Mexico Valley. The
dredging yields a highly
fertile mud (cieno) which
is used by peasants to
build small artificial out-
crops of about 6,500 to
7,500 square feet.
Cowdung is then used
to improve these islands
already rich in organic
matter made of algae,
micro-organisms, bacteria

and water-plants.
Initially, small nursery
plots are sown; these are
known as chapincs. They
are later removed by canoe
to a permanent area of
By these means, the
peasant farmers (chinamp-
eros) produce a variety of
vegetable crops such as
carrots, lettuce, water cress,
radish, spinach and beans.
Trees are also grown for
wood, notably the willow,
a recurring feature of the
chinampa landscape.
The waste from the



From Page 5
the older nations.
Even though we might
hasten to add that this is
only as it should be, we
cannot escape the fact that
the application of such a
concept of equaLsoveriegnty
when the economic, politi-
cal and military relation-
ships are vastly unequal is
a palpable -contradiction
and a pregnant source of
international instability.
Yet we cannot go back,
no matter what Kissinger's
dreams may be, to any
"Concert of Europe" in

which the large nations
agree to keep the peace.
Indeed this is what the
Security Council of the
United Nations was in-
tended to be.
That it is a dismal
failure is not surprising.
The Europe of the 19th
century was not only the
most powerful economic
and military centre in the
world but, more impor-
tant, it was culturally and
ideologically cohesive.
Today the international
system of nations is split
left, right and centre by

race, by ideology and by
cultural differences, and in
that context, there can be
no universally held notions
of right, or of order, or of
justice, and certainly no
universally acceptable pro-
gramme of enforcement.
So that the problem is
not really Amin.Rather, it is
the utter fragility of the
foundations of interna-
tional order whicl- actions
like-Amin's reveal, and the
realisation that if the very
tenuous strands of interna-
tional order should col-
lapse, then all nations

become equally susceptible
to the depradations of a
madman, fanatic or fool.
For example, the pro-
blem of international ter-
rorism is one which can
only be seriously combat-
ted if all nations agree not
to aid and abet its perpetra-
,tors and vigorously to
oppose it.
This is why, even at the
coldest hour of their rela-
tionship, Cuba and the
United States could still
suspend their antagonism.
long enough to write an
,anti-hijacking agreement..
But from the time there
appears a nation prepared
to use international ter-.
rorism for its own ends
then.-no" other nation is
And this is why there
was so' much joy in the
West .over Israel's invasion
of Uganda at Entebbe. -
Yet Entebbe. as spec
tacular as it was, caT
hardly ,be considered'
permanent solution if oi t .
because in the real wor% A.
of international politics,
the principle of fighting
fire with fire can never b1-
a prescription for peaee.

The finest cuts
Gents Suitings

Of course, it is always
possible to arrange for the
assassination of Amin. But
that too is no solution.
For whatever happens
to Amin the man; Amin
the phenomenon is going
to be with us in one form
or another for a long time
to come.
The simple reason is that
in a world increasingly
divided between the haves
and the have-nots and in
_which, for many of the
Shave nots life is one con-
stant battle against extiiic-
tion, there are mapy
potential Ugandas nd-:-
many-aspiring Amins.
The path to a viable
system of internatioal-
order and justice&-w l,
would; allow for. nme'anig ,.,,
ful and -uruversall accet-"
ed sanctions against devi-.-
ants like Amin cannot be..
an easy one to find. -
; Yet tlh, rich and miglity.
nations of the world can
find that' path if they
understand; that rnot all
their riches nor all their
power could" save them
from drowning in the claos
and instability caused by
the poorest and least
amongst them.
Such a comprehension
would surely. be the begin-
nings of a new moral
perspective without which
the chilling words of the
Guyanese poet Martin
Carter will continue to

Men murder men as men
must murder men,
To build their shining
Govemments of the damned.

*-- III

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St. P.O.S.

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system is also used to feed
cattle reared for milk and
meat. Alternatively, it is
thrown into the channels
in the lake where it decays
and fertilizes the. mud
which will in time 'be
recycled into new outcrop-
islands and new plant-
The chinampa is there-
fore a self-sufficient, closed
system of farming. More-
over, the level of productiv-
ity is high since one
peasant family of five can
live off only half an acre
(2,000 sq. metres) of land.
The hope is that this
tapia house type movement
-will spread far and- wide.




Ill~llld rcli~f~llr~er

- ..


NIA'mFJ4 791 KY&

SUN. MAR. 13.
Reports that UWI and UAWU have agreed on 4-man
Commission of Enquiry into Physics Dept at yesterday's
F&GP meeting. Settlement near. Guardian Editorial: UWI
must get tough. Text of Industrial Court Judgment published.
Telco-to have 99,000 lines by 1980, up from 42,370
through 66,000 telephones. Corporation to spend $191m.
General Maiager Selby Wilson also tells press 30,000 on
waiting list
Cascade residents demonstrate for water at PM's office.
Guardian Editorial fears that CARICOM will soon
-blow apart
Dominica House of Assembly votes full independence
for Nov. 2.
Guyana aiming to revive US aid, speculates AP story. -
MON. MAR. 14.
UAWU has not yet instructed workers to return;
students not yet back; resumption not yet decided.
Registration starts for local govt elections.
Guardian publishes ANR's Memo to Joint Committee.
Editorial argues logical conclusion of DAC Chairman's think-
ing in Tobago severing itself from the unitary state.
Victoria Councillor Doodnath Maharaj urges that
Local Govt Bodies should collect own revenue; place all
community development inder their control.
All Trinidad Sugar Union rejects--Caroni's claim of
"losses" amounting to $19m. Again claims 10% bonus.
TUES. MAR. 15.
Local elections will involve 581,501 electors prob-
ably on April 25; 100 seats to be contested 12 in P.O.S., 9 in
S. Fdo and 6 in Arima; 16 in St George, 8 in St David,.7
in Nariva, 10 in Caroni, 11 in Victoria, 10 in St Patrick and
11 in Tobago.
Majority stays away from UWI work. Three-cornered
meeting tries to work out schedule of return. Crisis in sixth
Chamber finds airmail faster than local mail, accord-
ing to Manager Baird.
Guardian Correspondent: .Eastern' Caribbean Year for
cutting loose.
WED. MAR. 16, 1977.
Only 151 days water at Navet Dam, 87 at Hollis, 105 in
STobago;,WASA to prosecute those violating water restrictions
says PRO Pat King. -
S. UWI classes to resume Thursday or Friday. More clerical
workers on job. Agreement between Union and Administra-
tion covering I*) Gdtiumission of Enquiry into Physics DepL,
headed by person of legal qualifications with three indepen-
dent members not employed by UWI, to be agreed on by
bdth sides. 2) Efforts to improve industrial relations with a
'meeting at which the Union would be free to make case" to
UWrs Council regarding relief from decision not to pay
striking -workers. .
Students unwilling to resume classes without assurance


left out

S"EDITOR:- T.-C.C Coaches.
and _Coordinators are not
getting complimentary
'tickets any more for Test
SMatches at the Queen's
Park Oval.
Coaches are the people
'who do so much to
around and look or
youngsters in all parts of
the country and then
Co-ordinators have to
.. be there at all coaching
sessions with the gear; they
are responsible for getting
the youth out to the ses-
Now these people who
leave their families and
their personal business are
being denied simple rights.
What is bad about the
whole thing is that compli-
mentaries are given to
some people who do not
even know what is a leg
Queen's Park Cricket
Club should remember that
it is the agent for the West
Indies Cricket Board ana
should therefore think
about everybody.

"Cricket Grass-Roots".

that exams would be postponed. Decision of Monday meeting
released by Guild Secretary, Yaseen Rahanian.
Chairman, Board of Inland Revenue Joseph Pounder
charges Port Contractors Limited for failing to pay PAYE.
Police party and NIS inspectors seize Authority documents.
NLTRA declares Year of Land Tenants. Hudson-
Phillips criticises delay df De La Bastide report. NLTRA head
alerts members of need to take to streets like other organisa-
Course in construction management opens at Chaguara-
mas Centre. Minister of Works proposes. UWI post-grad
Soft drink prices up to 214 -
Delegation from Joint Services Commission talks wtih
A.G. on constitutional problems affecting Services. Jamaica
Alumina and Oil refinery projects rescheduled.
Dominica Govt: No discussion on trade curbs 'with
Barbados Guyana cement project in doubt.
SpLP not contesting Local polls says Bartolo.
DAC Chairman Robinson criticises misrepresentation
by Editorials.
S WASA imposes water curfews. Minister invited to
Cascade water protest meeting.
Port Contractors deny any investigation into non-
payment of N.I.S. dues.
Minister Padmore discloses Govt. plan to establish
civil servants staff college. Low productivity can't be
licked only by conventional training methods.
Ex-Police Chief Bernard to head Minimum Wages.
UWI classes to resume today. Ag. Principal Richards
warns that he can impose fines) on those who violate statutes.
International Trade Commission advises Carter to cut.
US sugar imports from 7m. short tons to 4.275. Carter must
act in. 60 days or Congress can overrule him in-90 days.
Castro visits Ethiopia.
FRI. MAR. 18.
Works Minister McClean announces dismissal on radio-
tv of Port Authority Commissioners. Sole survivor Mr. V.R.
Dean-Maharaj to head new Commission. Other new members:
Roland Crawford, Deputy Chairman, also Ag. Legal Sec. in
SAG's Office; Richardson Andrews, Ag. Director.of Planning,
Ministry of Finance; Ainsworjh Hareivood, Ag. Director/
Finance and-EIonomics, Min. of Finance; Gabriel Raeburn,
Director of Construction, Min. of Works. Outgoing Commis-
sioners; Bruce Procope, Chairman; Dennis Boide, Deputy;
Phillip Lazzari; J. Arden Scott; Robert Chan; William A.
Thompson. k
Minister confirms that Commission faded to pay Nat.
Insurance contributions; reveals the dissatisfaction of bankers,
. and charges "failure to pay due regard to its obligations..."-
New Board flown to Tobago to be sworn in by
Jfesident Clarke; first meeting held coming back on plane.

Trinidad Express apologies to Bruce Procope S.C. erst-
while Port Authority Chairman. Admits report false that
charges had been laid against him.
Cascade residents form Water-Now Committee; hold
meeting at which Minister Padmore, Senator Millette and
WASA Chairman Alcantara fail to show. Committee Head
Lucy De Verteuil, repudiating truck-borne supply as in-
sanitary, calls for public tanks.
SDLP unlikely to contest local elections says spokes-
man. ULF to launch campaign at La Brea Rally Sat. Mar. 19.
Chairman Robinson declares that DAC preparing;
Secretary Best says Tapia to decide Sun. Mar. 20.
Rep. Panday to move amendment of Representation
of People Act. Sec. 47, so any elector could vote once name
appears.on revised list
Soft drink manufacturers say price increases inadequate;
claim retail mark-up higher than manufacturers'. New prices
for 10-12 oz. are 214 chilled, 20 unchilled; for smaller sizes
18c and 16c. Original petition to Prices Commission was for
72 cents on wholesale price and 24c on retail price per 24-case
Actual grant: 52c on wholesale price for 10-12 oz; 43c for
6%/-7oz, 41c.on sodas.
Dominica Opposition calls on country to oppose inde-
pendence move. Further constitutional talks seen between
St. Kitts and Britain as Premier Bradshaw ends London
meeting with Min. of State Ted Rowlands.
SAT. MAR. 19.
April 25 confirmed in House of Representatives as
date of local govt. elections.
Commerce Minister Chambers tells House of reduction
of car battery' prices, discloses that Ministry looking into
prices of light bulbs, car parts, basic building materials and
into feasibility of linking concessions with prices, extending
price controls beyond foodstuffs, developing new sources
of supply, establishing a state importagency, promoting mass
consumer education and enhancing the role of consumer
House votes 18-11 in favour of Govt. amendments to
Opposition motion. .
Panday motion on sugar bonus not debated.
MV Tobago withdrawn from run. Minister McCean
tells House Cabinet has referred to the current Commission
of Enquiry into the port the circumstances surrounding
$10.2mr, acquisition of boat.
Lazzari and Chan: We did not stand for re-appoint-
ment to Port Authority. .
New"diplomatic appointments: Dumas to Dell"hi;
Lutchman to Ottawa; Seignoret to London; Lyle Williams
to Lagos.
Back from Jamaica, TMA's Barker reports that CAIC
"feel satisfied". Prohibitions do not apply to CARICOM.
Both Ministers reaffirmed their Govt's total commitment to
CARICOM and further mtegration.-Licences will assure 1976
level of trade or 52m. Quotas issued under five categnribes
food, consumer durables and non-durables, raw .materials,
capital goods and petroleum products.

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Action team


save Savannah


about the degei
the Savann'ah?
nobody cares?'
"who is thit nob
that that nobo'
and everyone o
S, Pleading was
nessman Everard
the role of envi
ist and-Save-our
activist, as he

- -- -* -- -. ....-iw s .: -. ?a-- - *^9 t, :
Ms on the Grandstand stage, Queen's Park Savannah
)DY care some 180 patriots Tuesday the savannah by "carri
neration of .night at the Holy Name and other vehicles" app
Is it that Convent. to motor-cars as we
'And-then, :Medina drew loud cheers "The Savannah has I
'ody? I say when he declared that in become an emotion
dy is each Toronto they mean it issue," he concluded.
If us. when the notice said "fine Medina was speaking un
city busi- ,of $500. .." the auspices of the n
d Media in -By contrast. in Port-of- month old Save-our-Sav
ironmental- Spain. the Attorney General -nah Committee.
-Savannah is considering whether the Committee Chain
addressed law prohibiting driving in Claude Guillaume said 1


the aim was not to attack
anybody or to form a
lobby but to recruit "more
people to the quiet work
which had been going on
for months.
One member of the
enthusiastic a'u d i e n ce
," -. demanded the Savannah
back from horse-racers and
4 ni money makers.
S Among the many sugges-
tions were: a history of
the Savannah; a whole pro-
gramme to save the city,
that the grass be replanted,
the rails restored, and
open space preserved from
,encroachment by sundry


Following a show-of
S slides by lan Lambie and
David Rooks. Mr. Medina
ages described the Savannah as
lied a much-loved "scarce
11. resource", open space
now backed by 150 years of
,nal tradition.
Mr. He warned against the
Rider possibility of another
ine- Arima Savannah where
van- "monuments of stone had
beei raised by well-niean-
man ing people."
that He wondered if inm Port-

Claude Guillaume
of-Spain, everybody will
soon be requesting a little
corner to be used as park-
ing space.
The audience groaned
when reminded of a 19th
century proposal to estab-
lish a housing estate on
the Savannah. south of a
line joining Jerningham
Avenue and Casuals Club.
No, interjected one com-
ment, if the city is a con-
crete desert, let us have'an
Commissioner of Forests
Mr. Bal, Ramdial advised .
the meeting that the
Savannah should be assessed
in the terms ofa National
Park and against the back-
ground of a concerted
Attack on savannahs in
i. "


W& -""; / i "t'. t ..-"f :"'ioi
conditions. wild-life,'wiater, ....
greener\. aesthetics. w.e: .. :
must programme spraying.' .,.
fertilizing. re-planting. .
care." lie added.
The meeting ended with
the re.cruitment .of tie
following persons to si\
action coilllitnlees:
Public Relations (con-;:
veined by Stephen Mohaim-
med): Illegal Traffic Control ,,
,(Claude Guillaume); Sports
Facilities (Judy O'Connor): .
Control of building.
(Everard Medina); -A'
Savannah Authority (Claire
Broadbridge): and Land-
scaping (David Rooks)Y






('or. I dward Lee
Cipero Streets

N.I in Road
I'YZ .-\B I) ,. r "
j. ,:y/ -7j j

I.. J I

HEAD'OFFICE: 2'). St. Vinccnt St.. Prt of Spain telephone: 62-31421-7 with seventeen Agencies throughout the nation and
offices in Antigua. Barbadus, Guyana- Luminica, Grenada, Montscrrat, St. Kitts. St. Lucia. St. Vincent and a
subsidiary in London.


. .

IL- --;- .rLt

:i -



. (,.. '

* ., '* '*





for Championship
f or Championship

Dennis Lillee ... a great fast bowler
WILL ENGLAND under Greig climb back to the top? Or will
Australia this year walk all over them as West Indies were able to
do lastyear?
If Australia win and West Indies beat Pakistan, the series
between the winners could hold out all the promise of another
Championship encounter. OWEN THOMPSON weighs the teams
which will do battle in England this season. \

,bowlers, but his extremely
high backlift has not
always stood him in good
Our own fast bowlers
last summer successfully
exploited this weakness.
SIt' was :. midway last
season that. the.' selIectors
stated scoutitig' around in
earnest' for fresh batting
But all of Willey, Balder;
stone, Hayes, Steele,
Woolmier. and Tolchard
have' failed to respond
affirmatively to Alec Bedser
and company.
England have not even
been able to find an
opening pair which can
handle fast bowling.
Nor -have their quicker
bowlers made'an ifnpact.
Old, Arnold, Hendrick,
and Willis have all been
badly knocked about for
the past two summers by
Australia and West Indies.
Lever, emerging last
November in the Orient,
can hardly be said to have
encountered stiff opposi-
Derek Underwood is
undoubtedly the major
source of encouragement
This Kent professional has
been England's chief wicket-
taker in recent seasons.
With 17 wickets, he was
the only bowler to salvage
some prestige for England
from the Richards-Greenidge
He has now followed
this up with 25 more in
India which brings his
present Test tally to some


po Street

THOUGH they lost by 45
runs, England fared a lot
better than most expected
in Melbourne last week.
.; Had they got the 463
S runs required, they would
have lent more history to.
the Centenary .Test by
&g- becoming the -first side to
It- score that many in a 4th
.Dismissed for a paltry
:95. first- time 'out, they~
made a brave bid but -the
ricketing gods denied
S them the pleasure.
Young Derek Randall,
like the traditional British
man-of-war, battled on
: tenaciously to score 174,
the long innings that is
always needed in such a
Randall was ably sup-
ported by Amiss, Greig and
Knott. They probably con-
vinced themselves that
Dennis Lillee was only flesh
hnd blood.
Despite this, Tony
Greig should probably be
as unhappy about the state
of English cricket as Prime
Minister Callaghan is about
the state of the British
-- England's batting weak-
-nesses still survive while
their bowling gives little
to shout about.
The exploits of Randall
and company in India not-
withstanding, England still
lacks batsmen capable of
tearing a bowling attack to
bits. -
As it stands, Greig may
be the only one capable of
seriously ill-treating all


28 Mucurap


SStill only 31-years-old,
and with a lot more
cricket ahead, he seems
very likely to overhaul the
Test record of 309 by
West Indian Lance Gibbs.
While the selectors con-
tinue their search, Greig
has made some very
positive statements about
his team. Apparently he is
quite optimistic about
beating Australia this
After the 1974 MCC
tour of W. Indies everyone
knows that he, is a fierce
competitor, a man of steel
in fact.
He may very well lift
the English ,team above
itself as he so successfully
did out here.
The evidence of the
Pakistan tour suggests that
Australia may be weaker
than when they mauled us
by five to one, 14 months
The retirement of lan
Chappell' and Ian Redpath
has also sent selectors in
search of new batting
talent. -. -
SJeff Thomson's abselnce
has also taken some sting
out of the bowling attack.
But as all- are ready to

admit, no praise is too
high for Dennis Lillee who.
in the six tests since
Thomson's withdrawal,
has taken 47 wickets. Suf-
fice it to salute a great fast
Greg Chappell must now
be anxious to see his
dynamic pair of opening
bowlers hunting together
After all, Lillee has
earned 171 wickets from
only 32 tests, Thomson
80 from only 17 tests. The
great problem has been the
injuries to both.
It seems that Chappell
has been instrumental in
Lillee's decision to go to
England as a mere spectator


this year.
Presumably he reasons
that it is more important
to have his best bowler fit
and ready to meet the
West Indies in what may
this time turn out to be a
'Championship series.
Whatever the problems
of Australia and England,
the solutions will have to
be sought this summer.
England will once more
have to face the Australian
For Australia, the focus
will be on Thomson's
comeback, on the three
new fast bowlers who have
ousted Gilmour, and on the
new batsmen who have
replaced Redpath and lan


Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institute for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, N,Y. 10021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8448, 4
U. S. A.

PRIN E ED AND r. ClIHt r V FEKL' :V THEi rA u:t PUBLISHING CO. LTD.. .1 TUNAPUNA , : -' L. ,2 '512, /,rj' 22 CIP' / 1

Was Lloyd watching Murray

as he handled theteam?

'IN THE Port-of-Spain Test
two weeks ago Pakistan
-were out on the afternoon
of the opening day for
180; in this Test, they
made 194.
Early on the third day,
the West Indian reply
ended at 316; here, they
took almost 12 hours to
make 448.
Finally, Pakistan, after
an opening stand of 126
were 223 for 5 on the rest
day two weeks ago; today,
the opening stand is as yet
unbroken at 113 although-
Sadiq has retired hurt.
The resemblances, then, are
there and, now, as then, the
scales are tipped slightly in
favour of the West Indies
Though the game can still go
any of the, four ways win,
S lose, draw or.tie. ,
Y et the result will, one feels,
. be different this time and this-
J-- 15th Test match at Bourda will
be the 8th drawn one.
The Pakistani selectors.did
not make any waves. Javed's
85 vs Guyana did not get him -
back into the team ahead of
Shis captain or vice-captain. The
latter made only 15 in'the first
innings and bowled 5 wicket-
less overs for 16 runs.
Zaheer and Sarfraz predict-
ably replaced the two leg
spinners. Justification came
when Majid Khan's offspin
yielded figures of 24-9-45-5
and Mushtaq 29.3-7-74-1 (which)
do not really show just how
well he bowled.)
Mushtaq of course, is well
aware that he must bowl well
since, on the- strength of his
batting alone, (- he was drop-
ped at 3,27 and 30 in making
41 -) he would probably have
lost his place already. But
Mushtaq is a true Test all-
The batting, however,
failed again. As in Barbados, the
West Indian pacemen split the
wickets (Julien 1, Roberts 2,
Croft 3 and Garer 4) and
neither Raja nor Majid got the
single big score that has usually
rescued this team from
Imran Khan made a spirited
.attempt to don the mantle of
Saviour but fell for 47.
Still one feels that we have
seen the last of this pattern of
early collapse/late rescue now
that Zaheer is back in the



Phone 649-5847
A' Santa Flora
S -.
^.t^a!yS&-Ofa*^ OVIC: S-:- *-

The West Indian selectors
surprised by opting once
More for an "extra" paceman
ahead of the specialist spinner.
It is a curious decision;
Julien's recent performances
(9-0-25-2 and 14 n.o. in the
Gillette. "semi-final': and 9-1-
30-1 and 20 in the "Guinness")
were less impressive than his
pre-Series showings against
Jamaica, Combined Islands and
Barbados in the Shell Shield.
He did however, produce
one excellent spell during which
he had Mushtaq especially in
all kinds of trouble before he
eventually succumbed, one of
Murray's five victims:
Murray, assuming control of
the team when Iloyd hurt him-
-self in the field, did anexcellent
Sjob, both as wicketkeeper and,
more importantly,'as Captain.
S Oe wonders what was run-
ning through loyd's mind as
his deputy astutelyFmanipulated
- bowlers and fieldsmen with
near optimum efficiency.


That the opposition was
dismissed for less than 200
despite no fewer than four
dropped catches is as much a
tribute to the captaincy and
the bowling as it is an embarass-
ment to Shillingford and the
West Indian fieldsmen as a
Murray, of course, was
impeccable behind the stumps
conceding no byes-and taking
every catch that came his way
and indeed two that didn't!
It was an object lesson in
leadership by example, especi-
ally in view of the way he has
almost single handedly and
consistently stabilised the W.I.
middle order for many seasons
When we batted he played
his usual sound knock for 42.
With Irving Shillingford (120)
whose maiden Test century
contained periods of brilliant
attacking strokeplay and estab-
lished his class once and for all)
he took W.I. from 255 to a
184-run lead before he left.
Earlier, Greenidge (91),
Richards (50) and Kallicharan
(72) had all batted well is
it really still too early to talk
about a genuine mutation in
the character of the West
Indian batting?
And then we saw what Uloyd
must have been thinking the
morning before. With 422 runs
already on the board and the
lead in excess of 200, he
strode to the wicket, more
insecure than hamstrung, to
grab the limelight back.
He tnade 14 with 3 bound-
aries and limped bagk into the
There were at least two
things in the W.I. innings that
bear comment. The first is the
totally indelcc-sible .l'ehaviour

of both Richards and Kallicha-
ran who were injudicious
enough to show their disagree-
ment to the umpire presiding at
their dismissal.
Such action is in even worse
taste than Mushtaq's post-
match salvo.
But one wonders still at the
reasons for changing both of
the umpires who presided in
the previous Tests
Sang Hue and Gosiunc ire
general\ agreed ti: be ilhe Ixst
in die region arid dJ..,ulA ha'l ,
been raised lon bhelure tli'
tratch about at least \vIluus
But it was Pa\nter's deci.
sions that caused the shows ofL
pique from Richards and Kallt-
charan and later the Pakistan
captain who snatched his cap
after an appeal was not upheld.
'SecOndly, the W.I. batsmen
-scored only 210 runs on the
second day ..including a two\
hour session which yielded-'


only 44!
Given that Pakistan-had
already been put out for a
mere 194, it seems fair to
conclude that the Pakistani
bowlers were trying and
succeeded to give nothing
away while hoping for the
'"characteristic" rush of blood
from the West Indian batsmen.
That it never came is a
tribute to them. but the point
here is hait th e [a:iC l. had
the\ been adopted b\ Musihtiq
and hus bowlers in the second
inning: at Port-of-Spain. might
%ell haje nmde the 20b :
Inmre d ificult proposiuon tor
Uoyd's men than it eentmuall.
But what's done is done ind
Mlushtaq's men n\ow have to
fight looth and nail to ensure
that die) do not find them-
selves two down when they go
back to Port-df-Spain-.. -
,- "'Fromn the look of things a.-'.

the rest day, they'll succeed
and, with luck, do better than
seemed likely or even possible
on Friday evening.
This West Indianteam, for
all its present swagger, has not
yet really demonstrated any
real capacity for fight back.
But there are hopeful signs.


S-. *U


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-- -

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