Material Information

Place of Publication:
Tapia House Pub. Co.
Publication Date:
completely irregular
Physical Description:
no. : illus. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note:
Includes supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Tapia House Pub. Co.. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
000329131 ( ALEPH )
03123637 ( OCLC )
ABV8695 ( NOTIS )
UF00072147_00256 ( sobekcm )

Full Text
tj3 -._lll.S.

JNDAY APRIL 24. 1977

Vol. 7 No. 17

AND 22 CIPRIANI BVD. P.O.S. 67-25241.


Fire forcing


First the Arima Court
House was singed by fire;
now the Tunapuna Court
has been ravaged altoge-
ther.- A problem of
security, say some; a
problem of account-
ability, say others, eyeing
the Attorney General's
drive against corruption.
Well, we would like to
add that there is a pro-
blem of townplanning as
well. (See Page 2).



Some tips from

the best


party in T&T

WHICH IS the best
organised political party
in Trinidad and Tobago?
PNM you say?
Full marks! You've
been reading the daily
papers. It shows.
The papers have been
suggesting that the
opposition parties imitate
the ,ruling party's organ-
Particularly its election
day organisation, and the
people involved in it who
have been made famous

by writers and calypson-
ians the heroic "fat-
arse brigade".
Well, some of the
opposition parties have
been learning our lessons
We can now recite
from memory the three
golden rules of success
the PNM way How To
Win an Election:

1. CONTROL the
Elections and Bound-
aries Commission; The
P r i m e Minister
appoints only those

.Local Government Elections Aprir 25, 1977
-- -
Name ,f t IJR K .......................
Your Number on the Voters List ... ..............
Polling Station P^.VSj fl.k. .^.W- C:
...... . ,^ rtQ. .P .. .........................


Who really runs the show

elections in this coun-
try run? From the
Election and Bound-
aries Commission office
or from Balisier House?
The question arose
last week following the
discovery by TAPIA
that PNM'agents were-
distributing cards that
tell voters where to go
- well before any
official Election and
Boundaries Commis-
sion announcement of
the polling stations.

people whom he can
trust. Deny any opposi-
tion membership there.
What the hell, this is
not Pakistan. And look
we just beak Pakistan
staff of the Elections
and Boundaries. Make
sure your people get
jobs-in there. Get the
ministers and.ather,

Much the same kind
of thing was going at
the last General Elec-
tions, at least in the
constituencies of Tuna-
puna and Arouca.
Last September, an
E&BC official explain-
ing'th'e unavailability
at his office of official
forms that the PNM
were at the time widely
distributing, told the
TAPIA office:
"Well. they (the
PNM) have more thing
than we, you know."

government big boys
to nominate people
who owe them a favour
for election-day jobs
as scrutineers polling
debate.. Ia. many poll-
ing stations, last Sept-
ember, Tapia scruti-
neers saw presumably
impartial E&B staff
jump up and celebrate
as PNM victory
emerged from the

'3. GET THE necessary
election information
leaked to you early.
Voters' hsts, maps,
location and number
of polling stations.
That way, you can
have your cards sent
out individually to
voters makes a dif-
ference eh? None of i
Sthe other parties will
think of that or they
can't afford it. Besides
the information will be
officially released too
late for them to do like
us. Your people in the
Electoral Office will see
to that, won't they?

Notice anything? Well,
to do all those things you
have to be already in the
So that the ruling party
must be the best organ-
ised party. And the best
organised party must be
the ruling party.
And so on, and so on.
Till ...
One day, one day,
congotay. ..

Two women

sing in, May

"BE UPLIFTED", is the
invitation from the-pro-
moters of "Two Women",
is an evening of African
music and poetry-sche-
'duled for the Little Carib
Theatre on Fr. 27 and
Sat. 28. May.
The two women show-.
cased are Kele Zanda and
'Chione4 Kaura.
The.- will be accom-
panied by The Children
of Afrika. Tickets are $6

Health Foods

31A Erthig Road
Wide Range of
Books, Stationery,
Art trial
Art Material.





Tun puna

THE fire at the Tunapuna Court House may turn out to be
a blessing in disguise. Already the architects and builders
seem to have been receiving directives and clearances from
sundry political front-men.
But it may be too soon, This time around perhaps, shouldn't
we proceed with care?
The problem- is not simply one of erecting a modern Court
House and speeding up the due process of justice and the law. More
than that, down-town Tunapuna is crying out for a town-plan.
Down-town Tunapuna has been deserving of a town-plan ever
since that municipal area ceased to be an appendage of Orange
Grove Estate and began to grow like Topsy into one of the biggest
townships in the country, and one of the-fastest moving too.
But downtown Tunapuna, like up-town Tunapuna, erijoys
nary a public square; not since we plunked down a Fire Brigade
Station right on that piece of savannah which has been immortalized
as a sporting green by C.L.R. JamAes in his book Beyond the Bound-
We plunked down a Fire Station, a County Council Hall with
Fuel Dump to match, a Community Centre, all plumb in the middle
of the town. Now run a circle a stone's throw round the Court and
you include the Warden's Office, the Police Station, the Hindu
Seewala, the Central Library Branch, even the Hi-Lo.
A wider ring joins the Tunapuna Market to Motilal's Mountain,
Max Senhouse's new upstairs, the R.C. and A.C. Churches and all
the major institutions, private, public and both-side.
All this unorchestrated chaos now needs focus, needs dignity,
from a simple sense of space. Those who would rush to re-build the
Court-House in this season of local government politics, may wish to
put that in their pipe and smoke.
For down-town Tunapuna is, hardly different from down-town
Point or down-town San Juan, or down-town anywhere. (LB.)

Keep abreast of the real

currents in the Caribbean Sea

with fresh commentary

Friday morning


Rates for 1977

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom Countries
Other Caribbean
U. S/Canada
EE.C. (incl. U.K.)

TT $25.00 per "ear
-US, $25.00
Stg. -L 4.00

Surface rates and rates for
other countries on request
Tapia, 82-84 St Vincent St. Tunapuna, & 22 Ciprianl Bvd.
P.O.S. Trinidad & Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126 & 62-25241.



. -. A'
S.. .
.: .. .



TOP: The Fire Brigade Station, West of the Court House on the Tunapuna Savannah.

CENTRE: The Tunapuna Market: a stone's throw away.
BELOW: The Arima Court House, saved by a kn.

________________________ __ _______________________- I


four roads 112, henry st. 42,.eastern mn. rd. cross crossing


II ---, I' ,, _ I

S, ii CTM r Mr


ON MY OWN SCENE ... Lloyd Best

Fro 6 oda'

Loca Gov


ON Monday next, April
25 1977, when we hold
the local government
elections in Trinidad and
Tobago, not many of the
electors will bd turning
out to vote. We can safely
make that forecast on
the basis of experience.
We have all become
too weary of the cheap
cinema that these days
continues to pass for
politics. We have had
too much of the cynicism
and the insensitivity, an
overdose of the -brazen
incompetence that sub-

stitutes for government.
We have had enough;
enough, at a time when
the heightened anxieties
of our time demand a
truly 'caring ministry,
when the fortunes of our
generation admit us into
a higher realm of possi-
We have had enough..
It would take a great deal
more than a campaign of
electioneering to decide
us to go and stain our
index fingers.
And yet some of the
voters will go, those who

Allan Harris Clive John
St. James East Woodbrook

St James E ast
ALLAN HARRIS, 31, is the Tapia candidate for St.
James East. In the last general elections he fought a
remarkably rewarding campaign as Port-of-Spain
Central responded warmly to the quiet dignity of a
dedicated, sincere and able young Trinidadian.
Harris lives at Bournes Road, St. James. He went to
Queen's Royal College after Eastern Boys' Government. He
then studied English Literature at UWI, Mona.
After graduation, Allan taught at QRC for a year before
joining the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. In two
years, he became a branch manager, a position he resigned
from in 1971.
Allar Harris is now the Administrative Secretary of the
Tapia House Movement and the linchpin of the party's Cam-
paign Headquarters at 22, Cipriani Boulevard, Port-of-Spain.
In the years since he assumed that position in 1972,
Alln has demonstrated a marked capacity for patient, steady
effort; a sure political judgment and a cool diplomatic approach.
In the Tapia Task Force, Allan Harris carries the responsi-
bility for Local Government.

still retain a faith. Some
of them will turn out in
the electoral districts of
Woodbrook and St.James
East where there is a
straight fight between an
old disenchantment and
an uncertain new hope.
We of Tapia urge all
those who feel able,to go
out and vote with their
conscience, wherever
they are. In Woodbrook
and St. James East res-
pectively,- we invite you to
turn out .and to vote for
Clive John and for Allan
We urge you to vote
for them not merely for

their personal merit as
sincere and able young
men, not for the merits
of our party which are
still in many ways to be
SNo, we encourage you
to vote for them mainly
because their presence in
the City Council would
break a monopoly which,
in the last 20 years, has.
engendered a near col-
lapse of the municipal
administration, starved
our people'of too many
ordinary services and
above all, driven us into
the most desperate
corners of disenchant-

The Tapia Candidate for Wbodbrook in the April
25 pity Council election is Clive Emon John, aged
Clive grew up on Luis Street, Woodbrook and
went to school at Mucurapo Boys R.C. and theri
Fatima. After a few years of study at U.W.I. Jamaica,
he returned to his old College where is now a devoted
Dean -of Forms 3 & 4 and a teacher of Science, Mathe-
matics and General Paper.
Clive John chose: the policies of Tapia in 1971
following a meeting at Independence Square which
*he says gave him a vision of a Trinidad & Tobago
built on simple activities such as his own in Wood-
brook and St. James.
Now he has himself become a bearer of that
promise of a revival of faith in the process of Gov-
ernment both. in' the City and. in the country as a
The price of better conditions, Clive says, is that
we must speak up frankly and fearlessly wherever we
are in the local districts.
Clive John himself'speaks as a responsible father
of two boys, aged I and 3. His wifeis Helene (nee
Wilkie) of Agra Street, St. James.
Ielene's passion has been a kindergarten school.
A practical idealist, she has translated into action
creative ideas which many of us might simply have
left to go a-begging.
Clive is a candidate inspired by the experience,
of what can be achieved by enterprise, discipline and
unflagging hard work. He offers to Woodbrook and
St. James a voice in the City Council free andd

Another Choice,

A New Voice In

The City Council?

ment and despair.
Our oarty offers no
miracles, not to the City,
not to the country, not
to the West Indian nation.
We oppose the pattern
of government'and poli-
tics which has been insidi-,
ously entrenching itself
since the early days of
The Tapia House Move-
ment is proposing differ-
ent approaches to the
way the State should
minister to a sovereign
people; our Manifesto is
full of concrete pro-
grammes for a moreeffi-
cient use of the resources
we so luckily enjoy. It is.
even said to be a source
openly used by many
political people.

We are often advised
that if we cannot beat
the present system, the
best thing would be to
join -it." Well, we know(
that so far we have not
found. the necessary
means to beat it. But we
are not prepared to join.
Tapia is still insisting on
providing another choice
for Trinidad and Tobago.
In Monday's election,
we offer you a small
flame of hope in the two
adjoining neighborhoods.
It is not going to set the
world on fire but we will
do our utmost to fan it
with the help of- those
who consider it respons-
ible to have that other
option in the form of
another voice in the City
Tapia will continue to
fan that flame and hope--
fully in time its hour will


For all your Shopping Needs


62 Queen St. P.O.S.

T Pac W e TrtP p S 6S

-- -- --

-- - -




Claude Guillaume
Chairman of SOS
AS IF to make fun of the
movement to rehabilitate
the Savannah, a campaign
has been started to paint
benches in slap-dash pink
and other garish .colours.
The results are now on
display outside Whitehall,
Queens Royal College and
the row of famous build-
ings on the Western side-of
the Savannah.
So far there has been
no- official response. The
six Save Our Savannah
Committee (SOS) working
parties established a month

ago on March 20 are all
organising meetings to
consider proposals.
Already they have a list
of 15 abuses which had
been given at the March
20 meeting at the Holy
Name Convent, Charlotte
Street, Port-of-Spain, by
Chairman Claude Guillaume.
Mr. Guillaume said that
many people feared that
,more abuses were being

threatened still. There ha(
been talk of:

siting a national
stadium in the Savar
using the areaoppositi
QRC for car parking
- leaving CDC bleacher
up permanently and
widening Queen's
Park East and taking
away a section of the

St. Ann's Roundabout
for a traffic interchange.

He deplored the low
standards of appreciation
of our open space and the
pitiful quality of design
which is permitted "to dis-
enhance what ought to be
the pride of our' capital
The continuing and
threatened abuse, he sug-
gested, was a result ot
undefined use and overuse.,
of the- Savannah and of
the absence of a single
Savannah Authority.
Next Wednesday April
27, the sub-Committee
formed to consider a pos-
sible Savannah Authority
will meet at 5.30 p.m. at
the home of Mrs. Claire
Broadbridge, Fondes
Amandes, St. Anns.
d A-working paper has
been circulated to all
those who volunteered to
l serve.




_ I _-I

S .-,- .: I- i.llT i l i-- ,_ . E :it"i 1

Poor nuts

AN all-time low in human
relations was struck in St.
Vincent recently when the
proprietor of Greaves
Supermarket in Amos Vale
served a nuts vendor with
a legal letter enforcing the
removal of her stall from
the front of the premises.
The dispute which led
to the vendor's removal
began when she left her
stall one day to go to the
toilet. '
.According to the story
reported in FREEDOM,
organ of YULIMO, the old
woman returned to find
that someone had taken
away her four dollars in
change and replaced -them
with bills.


When she learnt that
this had been done on the
instructions of the super-
market boss who wanted
change for the cashier, the
vendor was indignant that
she had not been asked,
and, further, that she
would have no change for
her own customers.
In the exchange with
the bossman, she was not
only ordered to remove her
tray, but served the next
day with a lawyer's letter.

NEGLECT of the pitch walk and its furniture.
REMOVAL of the railings and the consequent invasion of cars.
NEGLECT of the Botanical Gardens and Zoo.
RECENT take over of an additional section of the Botanical Gardens
to increase the size of the grounds of the.Jime Minister.
FAILURE to replant trees when they die and are cut down especially
in the Botanical Gardens.
USE of the Botanical Gardens for dogaining.
LACK of maintenance of the hollows.
ERECTION of the Turf Club buildifis associated with horseracing -
including the "stalag 17" towers (which have just been dismantled).
CDC makeshift bleacners
BUILDING of a road in the Savannah for the Carnival parade of bands.
THE complete invasion of the Savannah by cars at Carnival time and
to a lesser though equally alarming extent for race meetings and cricket
TEMPORARY advertisements erected at Carnival time that stay up for
several months.
VOLUME OF litter that is left in and around the Savannah especially
after Carnival.
INADEQUATE facilities arranged for the public and the small business-
man/vendor at Carnival time leading to insanitary and hazardous
PERMANENT rusting chain link cages for cricket nets practice.
WASA pump houses.
TASTELESS erection of walls and fences around sporting facilities on
the Princess Building grounds.

Dear Editor,
THE Express recently
reported the ruling party's
"opposition to hare-
brained schemes of nation-
alisation," a feature of its
Manifesto for the coming
local elections.
The statement is unusual
for its lack of positiveness.
Rather than say what it
supports, the party has
elected to proclaim what
it opposes.
Surely if the party has a
policy at all on nationalisa-
tion, this was the proper
time at which to state it in
place of the negative state-
ment. But who knows?
Perhaps there is no
policy. Better still, it may
be a matter of strategy
not to state the policies.
Whatever the reason for
the negative statement, it
was destined to create
havoc in the mind of the
I suppose we can soon
expect to find in such
manifestos that the party
oppose rape, murder, sedi-
tion, fire, anarchy,
drought, disease together
with all. hare-brained


But there is a second
aspect: one of deception.
There is a clear implications
that the party is against
some types of nationalisa-
tion while it favours others.
Of what significance is
this statement in a mani-
festo for local elections?
Absolutely nil. There is no
record of a local authority
having nationalised any-
thing. Nor will they. Ever.
Nationalisation is just not
part of the game of local
It does not require deep
Freudian analysis to con-
clude that what the ruling
party really fears is loss of
control of the links of
patronage through which
the central government
retains support for the
party in the village, com-
munities and local areas.
The bogey of national-
isation has now been
drawn into the arena of
local elections in the
service of this cause.
Lennie Nimblett St Anns.


Aqualife Systems
Queen and Abercromby Streets
St. Joseph

I I I~ .





After the debate, decisions in these Cuban assemblies one reached by show of hands voting.

public assemblies

press editorial, the local
government election cam-
paign had not yet pene-
trated to the electorate
even though there were a-
mere nine days to go. That
was last Saturday.
On Monday April 25
we shall see from the
number of --voters how
much involvement the
Trinidadian will spare for
the politics down below.
Tobago of course is
another country.
All the forecasts South-
West of Toco point to a
kill-joy enchantment. Per-
haps the reason for such
abyssmal enthusiasm has
been identified by those-,
who remind us that the
Municipal and Courty
Councils are mere expen-
diture arms of the Central
Apparently, people's
power in Trinidad is an
output of government at
the national level.


If the (Athenian) parlia-
mentary democracy, that
rare bird on this side of
the Atlantic, is functioning
at its fullest, its motive
power lies clearly at the
top. The bottom can safely
rest in peace.
Meanwhile, at the other
extremity of the Carib-
bean Sea, _Cuba too,
though not in the Financial
Times, has been advertising
a Caribbean democracy
which works, one with
nine million shareholders
According to the official
Agency, Prensa Latina,
Cuba's problems today are
in the care of "a multitude




Structure of. assemblies

of micro-governments"
which own a voice in the
municipalities, in the pro-
vinces, in the National
Assembly of the Central
Late in 1976, Cuba
held general elections by
secret ballot, the first since
the Revolution of 1959.
The base of government
and politics has been made
the electoral district or
constituency each of

Munroe on Marxist left
THE INSTITUTE of Social and Economic Research (ISER)
has announced the publication of a new study by Trevor
Munroe, lecturer in government and first vice president of
the University and Allied Workers Union, and General Secre-
tary of the Workers Liberation League in Jamaica.
The 76-page study, "The Marxist Left in Jamaica 1940-i
1950", treats the origin and development of the scientific
socialist trend in Jamaica in that decade.
Copies, at TT$4.80 plus 65 Jamaican cents postage per
book, may be had from ISER Publications, UWI,,Mona,
Kingston 7, Jamaica.

which elects a d
The claim now
what each delegate

in fact is a micro-govern-
ment. The basis of the
claim is that members of
each community meet
regularly in street-assemblies
Held expressly so that the
Delegate can confront his
electors to render an
account for stewardship.
Local government in this
Sway is directly achieved,
evoking a tremendous
enthusiasm and citizen
Citizens reportedly are
attracted by the opport-
unity to become involved
in the fight for better
living conditions.
The street-discussions
range from such local
matters as the repair of.
individual houses to
neighbourhood co-opera-
tion in the erection of
sporting and recreational
facilities to such national
questions as the savings
Every Cuban is en-
,.v i courage to be an active
shareholder in the national
business. After the early
years of bureaucratic
socialism, Cuba is experi-
menting with new patterns
of management and con-
:: i- The thrust is towards
increased efficiency, higher
productivity, enhanced
Against this background,
delegate. the national consultations
is that a n d meet-the-people
;e heads assemblies have become

very popular with the dele-
gates elected to sit in the
assemblies, anxious to gain
political experience.
In Cuba, the local action
is now organically tied into
the national scheme.
Under the new Constitu-
tion, the National Assembly
or House of Representatives
is elected by the municipal
assemblies on the basis of
one representative or dele-
gate for every 20,000
The provinces have
been expanded from six to
14; and the provincial
assembly is elected by the
municipal assemblies on
the basis of one delegate
for every 10,000 citizens.
These municipal assemb-
lies consist -of delegates
from constituencies or
electoral districts based on
rural areas and urban
blocks. This is the level of
the street-assembly.
The reports say that
These gatherings which lie
at the base of the new
political system are marked
by a "special solemnity"
mixed always with "typical
Cuban passion".
Foreigners are said to
find the experience "un-
In Trinidad and Tobago
where our Meet-the-People
and our National Consul-
tations are occasions with
our own local flavour, _we
too are accustomed to
another democracy.


Your family

is well fed



on bread

t ' :.:7'[

| I -i I" II

R iew of The Caribbean Connection by Robert
Chodos; Publishers: James Lorimer and Company,
Toronto. 269 pages.
By Lennox Grant
IT helps, in understanding this book, if you
could take your mind back some seven, eight
years. In the time of such events as the Sir
George Williams University uprising, the un-
welcoming of Governor General Michener,
and the Feb. 26, 1970 demonstration before
.the Royal Bank on Independence Square,
Canada, loomed large. To the thousands
charged up with the electricity of Black
Power,Canada stood accused and condemned,
having been unmasked as a predatory prairie
wolf in the sheepskin garb of a rich and benign
For the generation that came of age in
the decade following the Chaguaramas agita-
tions of 1960, the pointedly directly resent-
ment which nourished such a perception of a
foreign country, was altogether a new thing.
And that this foreign country was Canada
quite surprised and confused Canadians, then
being presented for the first time with an
unaccustomed picture of themselves.
So it was helpful to have on hand an Express
clipping of March 21, 1970, an article by Boyce
Richardson, associate editor of the Montreal Star. It
was headlined "We Do Not Wish To Confess Our Sins
And Forget It". Richardson rather welcomed the
changed Canadian image in the Caribbean, which, for
his taste, had previously been "perhaps a little too
sickly sweet". He'wrote
I have been asked many times in my two weeks
in Trinidad about the impact in Canada of the
Black Power -demonstrations.That is easy,to
explain: The impact has been considerable,
because nowhere in the world before has any-
one demonstrated angrily against Canadian
The story that broke then has continued to
Engage the desultory attention of the Canadian media
who could at last find a valid "Canadian angle" to
their coverage'of international news. And the appear-
ance in early 1977 of "The Caribbean Connection"
suggests that the story, at least with some Canadian
journalists, still rates serious coverage after all these
Robert Chodost book is a piece of investigative
journalism into what the publishers call "the double-
edged Canadian presence in the West Indies." In the
course of his research, Chodos spent a year in the
region and evidently many hours in North American
This book, he writes, is "principally about
Canada." The aim is to show Canadians something
about themselves by describing how they look to
people in the Caribbean and why. The Caribbean
Connection, then, "is based on the proposition that
one cannot understand one's own country except by
seeing it in the context of its relationships with
other countries".
It will not surprise Caribbean readers to learn
that in every aspect of the Canada-West Indies
encounter it is Canada which gets the better of it.
Chodos' book should now convey this convincingly
to Canadians. And to the extent that the author
believes such information would make a difference,
his book is probably also based on the proposition
that,Canadians give a damn.
He must think they do, you might argue. Why
else would he have written this book? Well, not so
fast. The Caribbean Connection is a formidable
piece of journalism that, in the best North American
tradition, is concerned basically with setting out the
facts in a reasonable order, and letting the chips fall
where they may.
Robert Chodos is not pamphleteering for a
cause. To his credit, he does not affect to plea for
more "justice" .in Canada-WI relations. If it emerges
that the face of Canadian business ini the region is
blandly rapacious; that Canadian aid so-called is an
indirect subsidy to Canadian exporters; that immigra-
tion controls are turned on and off single-mindedly
in reference to the current needs of the Canadian
economy;- and that Canadian foreign policy has not
yet begun to recognize the special interests of coun-
tries like those of the Caribbean, then this is what
you get from having assigned an assiduous investiga-
tive journalist to the story.
So Canadians may or may not give a damn
about it all. But Chodos would have had his story.
And, you might fairly add, given the basic limitations
of his approach, he performed his task with distinc-
A region that contains a Fidel Castro and an
SEric Gairy, an Anguilla and a Puerto Rico, Rastafarians
and Trinidad calypso, several hundred thousand East
Indian West Indians and millions of West African
West. Indians is bound to be good copy. Its bizarre-
nesses and scope for historical sensationalism have
provided a career for perhaps its most famous writer,
Trinidad's Vidia Naipaul.
Chodos must have had an inkling of other
possibilities. But he chose to present to his Canadian
reader the picture of a region where "there is a grow-

ing feeling that the Caribbean not only can make it
on its own but has to ... For once the trends in the
larger world have not passed the West Indies by. West
Indians have not only been part of the movement
toward what is being called a new economic order,
they have been among the leaders of it." (Ps. 22-23)
It is in relation to such a perspective that
Canadians in Chodos' book evince backwardness and
complacency. Canadians, he writes, "have often,
especially in recent years, tended to be inward-look-
ing, and to focus exclusively on their internal pro-
blems." The book appears at a time when this ten-
dency is likely to be more pronounced than ever. For
since last November, fears about the integrity of the
.Canadian nation have been the foremost Canadian
anxieties. With Quebec apparently poised for.separa-
tion from the union, Canadians now are probably
more concerned with the internal French Connection
than with the Caribbean Connection.
-Not that when the separatist issue had a lower
Profile Canadians troubled to inform themselves/
more precisely about their foreign affairs with part-
icular reference to the Caribbean. According to
Canadians have long harboured a touchingly romantic
and often dangerously naive view of their own role in
the Caribbean. We have generally seen it as being both
larger and more benevolent than it really was:. (P. 23)
Chodos rolled up his sleeves and got down to
examine what this role has been, and thus, ironically,
.produced the information that might be even more
valuable for West Indians wishing to see ourselves in
the light of our relationship with other peoples. His
survey covers trade, aid, education ana economic
development initiatives, treating of both official and
individual Canadian involvement.
At first it was an "intra-imperial" relationship,
starting with the debate in Britain over the relative
value to the empire of Canada and Guadeloupe both
of which fell into British hands following 1760. The
British chose Canada, and after the loss of the
American colonies, looked to Canada as a possible
source of the essential supplies to the West Indies
which-the territories that became the United States
-used to provide.
But the Americans proved their indispens-
ability to the British West Indies did not depend on
any "intra-imperial" ties, and for the moment, the
Canadian&thrust,such as it was, remained blunted.
So that as Chodos shows, "from early times relations
between Canada and the West Indies existed under the
Long shadow that the United States cast over both
areas". (P. 63).
The "long shadow" proved, 'nevertheless, to be
an umbrella under which a Canadian economic
thrust did steadily penetrate over the years, even as
it managed to keep the heat off the Canadian pre-
sence, until a time of enlightenment like the early
19701. For Canada to6 had her missionary period in
these parts, represented by the Presbyterian church
and names like Kenneth J. Grant and John Morton.
The Canadian Mission found a fruitful field
among Trinidad's Indians. The "C.M." schools were
the first to provide education to this part of the
population. But even as they praised the Lord, the
Reverends Morton and Grant passed the ammunition
to-build Canadian economic power. Their efforts in
this field are represented now in the firm of T. Geddes
Grant and Co., bearing the name of Rev. Grant's son,
and starting as an importer almost exclusively of
Canadian goods.
That the Rev. Morton was a Nova Scotian only
underlined a pre-existing Caribbean connection to the
Canadian Atlantic colonies. The West.Indian colonies
sold rum, sugar and molasses to the Canadians, and
the Canadians gave us back saltfish, in fact, "the least
desirable" of fish they caught, which, nevertheless,
became a staple of our diet. The Canadians called
that species of cod the "West Indie."'
From the Canadian Atlantic colonies too began
the spread into the Caribbean of another economic
staple the Canadian bank. First, the Royal Bank of
Nbva Scotia (which had a branch in Kingston in 1889
before it had one in Toronto). Jamaica too provided
Canada with some of its first black immigrants, if the
Maroons who were deported to Nova Scotia can be
so called.
The economic ties inevitably led to considera-
tion of political ties. But this prospect found more
opposition than favour with all concerned. The
Colonial Office did not care for it; the Canadians
balked at the idea of blacks in their country; thie
West Indians seemed to regard a political association
with Canada as at best a poor substitute to one with
the United States.
So the Caribbean connection which stopped at
economic ties remained the most tolerable for all
parties. Canada was available to take up the slack
whenever West Indian trade with the US declined; at
the turn of the century Canada became the main
market for West Indian sugar following the closure
of US markets. And the West Indies was for the
i developing Canadian business class a profitable area of
investment banking and finance, bauxite in Jamaica
and Guyana, tourism, forest industries, utilities and
light manufacturing.
As Ihe develops this story to the present day,
Robert Ch'odos' journalism is both well documented
and served with .an eye for the colourful. His pains-
taking approach to uiftavel the complexities of, say,






Canadian involvement in Nassau's "madcap centre of
international finance" is a fine combination of
scholarly research and on-the-spot investigation.
Overall, the approach' to research suggests the fulfil-
ment of the McGeorge Bundy vision that the profes-
sions of scholar and journalist are "threatened with
the requirement of merger".
Chodos worked. He'read and listened widely,
drawing not only upon the works of established
Caribbean scholars and thinkers, but upon calypson-
ians like Valentine, Chalkdust, Invader, reggae singers
like Jimmy Cliff and Bob Marley and a poet like
Toronto-based Roger McTair.
A brisk account of West Indian history (some
10 pages) reflects the aumor's acknowledged debt tc
Kari Levitt "who in her work and her ability to bridge
the gulf between the two regions represents the best
of the Canada-West Indies relationship". One part of
the book devoted to introducing the Caribbean to
Canadians, concludes with the suggestion of a "disinc-
tive West Indian way of looking at reality".
He finds some intriguing'parallels between
cultural values in Barbados and those in English
Canada; between San Juan,.Puerto Rico and Montreal
(bilingualism); and between West Indian styles of



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political leadership and those of Quebec. But it is in
this area that some of his interpretations of current
(1974-75) politics are open to question. Still in view
of his need to be summary, querying references like
"pro-Soviet Moko group" might well be to devote
energy to the crossing of t's and the dotting ofi's.
For Robert Chodos is more concerned with
presenting these areas in which the Canadian connec-
tion has been relevant. Starting with the engaging
chapter "Southern Canuck", he describes a few sun-
struck, eccentric Canadians, affluent middle-aged,
incongruously hippie-type drop-outs, seeking to make
money in the Turks and Caicos Islands.
But though they are all "dreamers", like the
"maverick" NDP politician who was once briefly
promoting the idea of Canadian association with the
Turks- and Caicos, Chodos. finds their basic attitudes
generally reflected in the Canadian approach to the
region. All see "the future of the Caribbean lying in
continued dependence on the metropolitan powers."
So that Canada as a whole, in its foreign policy
perspectives is a step behind the rest of the world. In
the trend of aid-giving countries toward easing restric-
tions on the tying of aid to purchases in the donor
countries, "Canada has been a follower rather than a


if there is
to be any
change in
the nature
of The Con-
nection, the
most potent
initiatives in
that direc-
tion will,
and must,
start here in
the Carib-

leader." (P. 195). In this respect, it is significant, in
April 1977, to add that the current attitude of the
Trinidad and Tobago government in making aid avail-
able to Jamaica reflects policies from which this
country, in unhappier times, has suffered. As the T&T
Prime Minister spelt it out two weeks ago:
. There can only be one law laid down that if you
have to buy anything from outside and it is produced
by Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and'Tobago has the
first choice, otherwise give that country that you buy
from the first claim to supply you with money. ..
Looking at the performance of Canadian bank-
ing in the region, Chodos finds the banks not con-
cerned to make money available for much more than
consumer spending. Localisation as the PNM pro-
moted it here provided little more than an opening
for the local business elites. And Chodos calls names:
Jack De Lima, Mervyn De Souza, Vernon Charles. He
Just as the American presence in Canada often operates
through the Canadian managers of firms owned south
of the border, so the Canadian presence in the West
Indies operates through these local elites. (P. 121)
Much space is devoted to whether Canada can or
does have an independent foreign policy, given its own
domination by US business. Foi Chodos, looking at
what passes for foreign policy in Ottawa is like peer-
ing into an empty shell. Canada's role has been
located by some writers within the structure of inter-
national imperialism. In Latin America and the West
Indies, Canada has provided an acceptable face of US
economic penetration. In 1960, Castro exempted the
Royal Bank and the Bank of Nova Scotia from
expropriation while coming down heavily on Ameri-
can businesses.
The avoidance of an "ugly Canadian" image
abroad has not hurt Canada economically. But if the
Black Power theme of Feb. 1970 that "Canada can

always- been predominant in V'
planning. Serving society's present
transportation requirements as well as anticipating
future needs, continue to be Nissan's primary
objective in Trinidad and Tobago as well as the world
Nissan has created Datsun cars, Pick-ups,
Vans and other Commercial vehicles for virtuallv
every person and every purpose. Each unit is
a perfected variation of a single theme:' harnit..,
between man and his driving vehicle.
It is for reason like these that Neal & Massy,
feels proud to be closely associated with, and to be the
sole distributor for Nissan products in Trinidad
& Tobago.


Port-of-Spain. Curepe. San Fernando. Tobago servicess

I I ~ I a III L JI I -- I II li -Q "L- 1~1 I -~

be hurt" shook Canadians and made them speculate
that they might not in fact be such nice fellers after
all, the impact has ended up by producing from
Robert Chodos the following typically Canadian
There is much in the pattern of Canadian involvement
in the West Indies to indicate that it is overly simplistic
to view Canada strictly as a colony, bur little to sug-
gest that it is an imperial power on its own. (P. 78).
So that there are not any marching orders for
Canadian policy in the light of what appear to be new
world realities. At least Chodos who studied the sub-
ject has not really suggested any.
He lists at the end four areas where "immediate
attention could help": more open immigration policy;
undoing aid restrictions; dealing with multi-national
corporations; and "a more sympathetic stance"
towards Third World drives to a new economic order.
The author lists them without any consideration of
their ramifications within Canada and for relations
with the United States, and asserts "they are not
likely to involve any great sacrifices on Canada's
Which is an odd point on which to end a book
which dealt so well with the complications of inter-
national relations and entrenched interests. Then
again Chodos did not really see the matter of solu-
tions and their advocacy as one of his major concerns.
It is ;significant that his four-point plan is addressed
to the Canadian government and not to the Canadian
people to whom he dedicated his work.
Still, the success of The Caribbean Connection
lies in its presentation of information not readily
available to people either in Canada or here. And you
deduce from it all that if there is to be any change
in the nature of The Connection, the most potent
initiatives in that direction will, and must, start here
in the Caribbean.

I I L -I I I I I .




I ~ I ~AT&Ib1J kil I iV

Cabinet takes hard look at Statutory Bodies and
announces new Boards.
All members of the Tourist Board re-appointed, four
replaced on TEL(O. three on NIIA. Govt. members of the
new Shipping Corporation (S(OTT) also appointed.
TELCO Board retains only Joseph Essau, accountant.
New members: Fenwick DeFour. Chairman, Richardson
Andrews, Margot Warner. barrister, Thomas Cross, ex-civil
servant, two yet unnamed. Out go: George Monroe; Lennard
Williams; V. Dean Maharaj; and Vera Brathwaithe, consumer
On the NIIA Noard, Hercules Adams, Director of
Estimates and Costs in the Accounting Div. of Min. of
Finance rcappoiited as Chairman. New members: Alfred
Gayette, senior admin. officer; Richard Danief, accountant.
Re-appointed: Lance Murray, architect; Jack Bynoc, Egbert
Baptiste housing officer: Radcliffe Yearwood, senior econ-
omist, Min. of Finance; Mrs. Olga Bland. Replaced: Fitz
Belle, former PS, Min. of Tobago; T.R. Evans; V.R. Gillette.
SCOTT's'Chairman- is Charles Jacelon, Barrister;
Richard Hobday, accountant; Hugh Howard, barrister; Unus
Baksh, economist, Ministry of Finance; Winston Dookeran,
UWI economist. Four members to be appointed by 49%
partner, Seatrain Lines Inc. of New York.
PS. Ministry of Finance Barsotti says exporters musr
look for new markets, given CARICOM difficulties wifh
licences and payments. Revaluation could make exports less
Min. Mahabir announces that Min. of Petroleum is
analysing info. to determine extent of North Coast gas finds.
Exploration began in 1970 following seismic survey of 3,400
sq. miles in 1968 for which 27 companies paid $1.3m.
Exploration bv DATO group and Amerada Hess began
drilling last June. Gas found in commercial quantities about
35 miles off first Bocs.
On S.E. Coast, Govt's option to join consortium to


$40 per month

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Barsotti opposes Procope quits
revaluation Port Contractors
exploit gas and oil to last 3 months and expires end May.
Minister reports that Julien Task Force now carrying out
exercise on future of gas and examining the shelved LNG
QRC Principal puts plan for early filling of teacher
vacancies as he' addresses Achievement Day. TSC to vet all
applications, list them and let schools draw from list as
required in a "decentralization of the final process."
Guardian Opinion: Revaluation proposal deserves seri-
ous study;
CAIC Team talks in Georgetown today.
Tacarigua Ex-Pupils score 429 for 8, a League record.
New agreement between Ja. and Reynolds. Govt.
acquires 51% of mining assets, full ownership 65,000 acres
land, all agricultural operations for$43.2m. ($Jl8)with 10 yr
payment programme. Reynolds assured of ore for 40 yrs.
Tapia campaign to concentrate on POS, reports
Guardian from this papdr.

Bank National Commercial Bank

of Trinidad & Tobago

We Bank with the
Nation's Interest-
Your Interest In mind.

Bank N.C.B.

01 60,000 tyres to be imported, Dunlop to-brmg
40,000. Company claims new distribution system aimed to
beat shortage. Spokesman says "demand has increased out of
proportion to normal growth .". Present production of
1,000 tyres daily. Land Tenants' Sec. Ramjohn declares
"ample confidence" in de la Bastide Commission.
Guardian Iditorial anticipates speculation that new
NIIA Board portends new civil-service type Statutory Boards.
New NHA may be incapable of creative solutions.
President Carter to review US sugar policy in the light
now of sharply declining world market prices.
Political parties in the House featured in Guardian
front-page pointer to local elections on Apr. 25. Express
Opinion says other parties must face reality and bow out
"All they will do is complicate the issue."
Ruling party, elected on 20%Y turnout in 1971, shows
in Manifesto that $400m. spent by Local Govt. bodies in 7
AG's Office working on (ode of L.thics for top
officials. Guardian investigation establishes that water sold to
some in Cascade.
Team of British law experts including lead of Com-
monwealth Drafting Office Sir James McPetrie coming to
assist Govt. with plans for law reform and revision. AG's
Office functioning with only 50% of established personnel.
Laws not revised since 1950.
PSC to advertise for DPP soon.
Guardian Editorial: Barsotti guilty of textbook talk
on revaluation.
Procope resigns as Chairman of Port Contractors Ltd.,
effect Mar. 16-18. Also Michael Blackman, Frederick
Mendes, Anthony Gioanetti, Dennis Borde. Remaining are
Pollard Moore, Peter Budd, V.R. Dean Maharaj, Harold
Caribbean Marxists meet in Georgetown to review
policies; Winston Suite represents Trinidad's URO.

r W Will Burnham

sue the

New York


WILL Burnham sue for
damages-the big North Ameri-
can newspapers which recently
reported he hid received secret
money from the CIA?
Dayclean, the radical under-
ground paper in Guyana,
recently asked this question
on behalf 'of the Guyanese
Dayclean reprinted extracts
from the New York Daily
News, the New York Times
and the Montreal Star of
stories which listed Prime
Minister Forbes Burnham
among world leaders who were_
secretly on the take from the
On behalf',of Burnham,
Minister of State Kit Nasci-
'mento denied the reports. But
Dayclean denounced as "an
insult to the Guyanese people"
the fact that Burnham did not
himself reply to such impor-
tant allegations.
Inviting the Prime Minister
to "clear your name", the
paper which has itself been
prosecuted for alleged slander
of government:leaders, recalled
that Burnham had won $40,000
damages in a libel suit against
Archie Codring-
Dayclean,suggests Burnham
should sue the North American
papers for no less than $40
million .. if he thinks he can
win the case.



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TRINITY failed to turn
up for their secoAd round
game against Progressive
last Thursday. As a result
Progressive and St.
Anthony's, who were on
a bye in this round, will
contest the second semi-
final of the 1977 North
Intercol competition to
decide who meets Q.R.C.
in the final.
Q.R.C. got into their
first final since 1974 by
virtue of a 56-run victory
over archrivals C.I.C. down
at Fatima Grounds.
Having won the toss
Q.R.C., their 113-run
defeat of Fatima on the
same wicket fresh in their
minds, decided to take first
Their openers denied
C.I.C. any early successes
and it was over two hours
later before Gerard Clarke
(26) was out with the score
at 75.
Skipper Leon Copeland
who had scored 118 against
Fatima went on at the
other end jo hit 9 fours in
a chancy 75.
Later, two fighting
middle order partnerships
- 36 between Glen
Seymour (44) and Colin
Flemming (16) and 37
between Seymour and
Shirvan Pragg (11) saw

Q.R.C. to 233.
For C.I.C. Skipper
Kerron Elder was the most
successful bowler with 25-
5-49-4. He was well sup-
ported by younger brother
Keith (21-6-38-2) and K.
Ramnath (13.2-2-40-2).
Left with an hour to
bat, C.I.C. lost 3 wickets
for 42 runs.
After losing Keith Elder,
who had scored 25 with 5
hard driven fours, early on
Friday, they rallied to
score 177.
Mainly responsible were
Elliott Harris who hit one
6 and four 4's in 48 and
R. DaSilva (31) who joined
him in a 57-run 5th wicket
DaSilva and Stuart Tho-
masos (33) later added 42
for the 8th wicket.
Q.R.C.'s best bowler
was Harold /Boxhill (13.3-
1-46-3) and Courtenay
Mark and Gerard Clarke
had figures of 8-1-25-2 and
7-0-12-2 respectively.
For the records, like the
League games before them,
none of the Tntercol games
has so far been graced
with official TCUA
umpires. and Svortsmasters
and coaches have had to
officiate in their stead.
Ideally, there is nothing
wrong with that but,

PNC strikes

cadres recently found
themselves shouting "There
is no shortage!" at a time
when the PNC government
of Prime' Minister Forbes
Burnham was itself setting
to work a high-powered
committee to deal with
"the shortages situation".
The disharmony, pos-
sibly a result of a com-
munications breakdown in
80,000 square mile Guy-
ana, lasted long enough
for Dayclean reporters to
note-it in a story on food
shortages in the republic.
But the PNC cadres,
Dayclean reports, were

part of the ruling party-
state propaganda machine
geared up to deny reports
of food shortages and
hunger in Guyana.
Noting that a visitor to
Guyana had reported no
sign of food queues,, Day-
clean -remarked, "people
will not queue up if the
shops have no supplies."
They have lined up to
Picket and to protest,
however. Last month in
the bauxite town of Linden,
political groups, unionists
Sand housewives picketed
the local Consumers Co-
A priest, Rev. Maitland,
joined in the protest to
expose that the only shop
selling cooking oil was the
PNC outlet.

Flashback to

present conditions being
what they are, this has
often given rise to much
discontentment and bitter-
ness and all too frequent


QR 6 tea which plad
QRC 1936 team which played larison

(Photo: Courtesy People Magazine).
accusations of "he tief."
One hopes that TCUA
officials will be on hand
for the Intercol final
tentatively carded for the

College of Barbados

Queen's Park Oval on April
28 and 29. (E.B.)
BEST is a teacher at QRC
who is active in football
and cricket in the college.

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ANrc)ST UI.-> -"




BARBADOS has again asserted
its cricketing might in the
West Indies. Its team this year
captured the Shell Shield for
the sixth time since its incep-
tion in 1966 and won the
Gillette Cup for the second
time in the two-year history of
that competition.
With Greenidge, King,
Holder, Holford and Padmore,
all internationals, they recorded
outright victories over Jamaica,
Guyana and the Combined
Islands. They finished with 36
points, 12 ahead of the Islands
and Trinidad (at the hands of
whom they suffered their only
In the big "final" last week,
they unexpectedly overwhelmed
the powerful Islands team
which included Andy Roberts
and Vivian Richards and which
beat them two years ago.
The Barbados batting has
not (like Trinidad's) suffered
from the loss of old stalwarts
and was led this year by the
belligerent Gordon Greenidge.
As West Indian opener against
Pakistan, Greenidge has emerged
this season with the highest
aggregate of 536 for an average
of 53.60, quite apart from his
323 total in the Shell.
This season David Murray,
with 309 runs for an average of
44.14, has probably now estab-
lished himself as-the region's
best wicket-keeper batsman.
Young Desmond- Haynes
has come forward as an exciting
prospect, scoring a century
against the Pakistanis and
having competent knocks when
called upon to' open against
Andy Roberts' fire in the
Joel Garner overshadowed
Vanbur Holder when in his
first full season he'claimed 23
wickets at 16.22 runs apiece
and bowled himself onto the
West Indies and a successful
Test campaign.
Skipper Holford's bag of 14,
wickets at 20.01 were also
enough to find him favour with
the W.I. selectors for the fifth
Test but Albert Padmore's
12 wickets at 23.08 was: not
qualification enough.
Trinidad, unlike Barbados,
displayed no new batting talent
Since the retirement of Carew,
Davis and De Souza in 1973,
the batting has left a great deal
to be desired. It is not surpris-
ing that the 471 at Jarrett Park
this year has been the first
total in excess of 400 since
As' it stands, Larry Gomes
carries the batting on his own
slender shoulders having scored
482, 213 and 398 runs in,
1975, 1976 and 1977 respect-
ively, his performance this year
yielding the highest aggregate
in the competition.
Brother Sheldon Gomes has
made a lot of promises since
1969 but it took him until
1977 to get a big score. But
with 213 against a Jamaican
attack, minus Michael Holding,
Sheldon faded away to total
43 in three more innings though
he still topped the averages
with 64.00.

." -r j '








Nevertheless, Sheldon re-
mams a source of constant
motivation to the Trinidad
team due solely to his brilliant
cover fielding. One schoolboy,
indeed, has been heard to ask
"Without Larry to make the
runs and Sheldon to serve the
runs, what would be the state
of our cricket in Trinidad?"
No doubt that schoolboy
has realized that Julien, as an
all-rounder, has rapidly
declined; that Bartholomew is
nearing the end of the road;
,and that all of D'Heurieux,
Cuffy and Sagram cannot in
current conditions be expected
to graduate out of mediocrity.
These apart, there is Deryck
Murray; b-ut somehow the
Murray who plays for-Trinidad
is a different one from the
Murray who so often props up
the West Indies.
Finally, Inshan and Juma-
deen, the international spinners
who have this season shared
40 wickets between them. With
the Gomes Brothers, there is
the thin thread on which hangs
the cricketing life of Trinidad..
Guyana went through its
most shameful season ever,
finishing the year without a
single point. Seldom did they
play their big guns, having
already retired the indomitable
off-spinner Gibbs (who may
justifiably feel cheated when
he considers that, at 37, Holford
has been recalled and that at
42, Brian Close as batsman, did
duty against Roberts, Holding
,and Daniel).
ThIs year -the Mudlanders
were not so well served by their
'cadets, except for Colin Croft'
who, they must be hoping, will
be able to have a go next year,
at the rest of the region's bats-
At the other end of the
Caribbean, Jamaica also -iad-
very little to shout about
though their batsmen did do
them proud by overhauling a
seemingly unreachable Trinidad
total in their second game of
the competition, the first
having been lost to Barbados.
As it turned out, this was
their only fruitful game earn-
ing them six points as they
proceeded thereafter/to lose
outright to the Islands, routed
twice by Roberts' sizzling
pace, and to play a pointless
stalemate.against the Co-opera-
tive Republic.
In the end, the Jamaicans
were only one above the cellar,
leaving them with only one lien
on the Shell Shield.
Chang, Dujon, Austin,
Wyntei and Wright, confirmed
the presence of young talent
but failed to create a good
season. Clearly the batting
missed Lawrence Rowe though
less than the bowling missed
Michael Holding.
No Jamaican bowler got
even as many wickets as ten.
'Austin salvaged a little prestige
with 9 of the 14 Pakistani

wickets which fell in the final
game of the season.
Otherwise only Foster with
364 runs for an average of
60.67 and Williams with 302
runs for an average of 50.33
made respectable statements
this year.
Undoubtedly the Combined
Islands are the team to have
made the most pleasing strides
even if they did not finally
win the Championship.
The Islands now dispose of
tremendous cricketing power.
Richards took time off to make
a century in his only appear-
ance for them this season.
Roberts bagged 16 wickets
in three games; Shillingford, is
now not only a Test player but
a Test centurion at that.
Jim Allen, Pride of Mont-
serrat, finished with a century
and is more insistently than
ever, knocking on the Weit'
Ihdian door.
It seems incredible that not

so long ago the Islands seldom
managed more than 200 and
were regarded as easy ky. If
they are now a major force in
the region, surely Findlay's
leadership must take some
measure of the credit.
If the Islands keep coming
within a hair's breadth of the
Shield, one mighty reason for
it is that Findlav handles
Roberts, the cruci-l bowler,
far better than does Lloyd for
the Welst Indies. The ultimate
triumph of the Islands cannot
be far away.
Overall, the Shell has been
a very fruitful ground this year
for me unearthing of major
talent. It would have been
more than enough had we found
just the two more first-class
quick bowlers so that everyone
can now look forward to the
day when the bull-pen will be
packed with five fit possible
But in.addition, this year

Haynes and Sebastien have
moved up as opening prob-
ables even as Fredericks, at 35,
has promised a few final years
of responsible maturity.
Also, with West Indies in
need of a genuine all-rounder
who must now be a spinner in
view of-the developments
among the pacemen, Parray's
play for the Islands has certainly
been a source of hope.
At the moment he is a
steady off-spinner and a some-
what more than competent-
batsman. The planners of West
Indian cricket wilf want to
explore his potential for
But whatever else may be in
the minds of the selectors, the
coming tour by the Australians.
must certainly in the forefront.:
That tour will have to be-
built on the foundations of
what we have achieved this
year in the Shell. At the Test
level, the middle-order and the
spin attack are much more in
a shambles now than before
the Pakistanis came. .----- ----

S, .


1 hKS II



-. -
ocksels, like most jewellery.
fishing touch to something that
beautiful And if you appreciate
design -)ou'll select from the
llecionn for your home Need
I these locksets are functional
it engineenng standards.
he kind of secunty you're
r the way, more American
are graced with Kwikset than
ocksets Reason enough to
m this superb collection
AD 0 TOBAGO T 62 132B6



A62 E r - Andrea Talbutt, v.
research Institute for
tudy of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
New York, NY. 10021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8448,
U.S. A.


Earl Best concluding the series of 'rest-day reflections'

IF West Indies win this Test and many, looking at
the rest day position think they cannot lose it will
be despite themselves. Just as..last week they con-
trived to let Pakistan draw level in the series, so last
weekend they were conspiring to let them win it. And
though we squandered our chance of grabbing great-
ness and, a place in the history books for ourselves,
Pakistan, History notwithstanding, seem very unlikely
to follow our suit.
The conspiracy began with the selectors. Joey
Carew and his comrades produced a couple of sur-
prises which, paradoxically, was not surprising.
Into the squad they drafted 37-year-old David
Holford, the leg spinning Barbados captain and
another Bajan Collis King, the "allrounder" whose
Shell Shield figures (268 runs in 7 inns. ave. 44.67
and 11 wkts. for 205 at a cost of 18.64 apiece)
have done little to support any claims to a Test place.
Then, as if to add insult to injury, they included
them both in the team they didn't really have a
choice, did they? at the expense of Shillingford
whose five Test innings had.yielded 199 runs for an
average of 39.80) and Inshan Ali (who got 5 for 159
in his only Test so far when he bowled, it was generally
agreed, better than ever before in a Test).
It having been already made clear that what the
selectors produced bore little relation to the Shell
Shield and Test statistics (Jumadeen, Julien, Inshan
Ali), few expressed surprise at the retention of Kalli-
charan (7 inns, Agg. 202, Ave 23.66)'
Nor were we shocked at the omission of Larry
Gomes, who having made consistently good scores
after his early failures in Jamaica, had finished third
in the regional batting averages with the, highest
individual aggregate of 398 runs from 8 innings.
The pitch too has been playing its part
as it did against India last year. On that occasion
Bedi's men found themselves unable to cope with
S__.__ itextraace and bounce. And though they lost only
.- I.. 11 wickets, incredibly they lost the match.
This time, there has been but one casualty so
far Wasim Bari, hit in the face by a Croft bouncer
but only 8 of the 25 wkts. already fallen did not
fall at the notorious- northern .end where Michael
Holding wreaked his havoc with India.
Yet the terrors of the opening day were notice-
ably absent when Greenidge carving and Fredericks
were carving their way to a record 183-run opening
partnership yesterday.
With all of 3 days still left in this Test, 450 runs,
despite the much-adduced evidence of cricketing and
Sabina history, is by no means an unattainable target
for these fighting Pakistanis.
More than once, they sure have demonstrated a
resilience that is sure to earnnot out batsmen Murray
-(32) and Holford (23) an extra five minute harangue
tomorrow morning.
The target must be 500 plus not 450 plus.
Yet Roberts who has more than once on this
tour pulled out all.the stops and demonstrated that he
is capable of real fire with or without assistance from
the wicket, remains a formidable opponent and the
major obstacle between Pakistan and victory.
In the Pakistani first innings, it was he and not
Croft who was responsible for the poor showing.
Once the unflappable Majid had been flapped and
then dismissed, soon to be followed by the redoubt-
able Zaheer, the psychological damage was-near irrepar.
The final conspirator was the West Indian
batsmen. Neither Fredericks (6) nor Richards (5)
produced the kind of innings that was expected of
them The latter strange to say failed again in
the second innings and the nature of his dismissal
makes one wonder.
Greenidge once again demonstrated that it is
only when the pressure is on that he cannot play big
Innings. He batted through half the innings to make
slightly more than one third of the eventual total of
280: a masterly knock which, with his second innings
82 took him vast 500 runs in the series and gave him
an average of 50 plus.
* In the second innings he and Fredericks (83),
always at their best when we are on top, proceeded
to rub Pakistan's face in the mud to the tune of
182 before they departed to make way for the
predictable collapse.
The middle order again ran true to form despite
Lloyd's reshuffling of the order, a futile capeech.
Coming before Kallicharan, he had two merry flings
for 22 and 48, batting on both occasions as though it
were a Sunday afternoon country game, before his
luck ran out.
One never got the impression that he ever. for
one, moment thought that he might have been play-
ing his last innings as captain which must now be a
very real possibility.

Kallicharan (34) and (22) fared no better for
Lloyd's half-measure while King (41) and (3) managed
at least to save his face in the first innings.
All but three wickets in the first innings and
Richards and Lloyd in the second fell to catches in
"the close-in behind-the-bat ring but many of them
were not off awkwardly lifting short-pitched balls as
one might be tempted to think.
It should not therefore be too difficult for
Murray and Holford to succeed in their efforts to give
the kind of proportions to the score that thesize of
the record opening partnership led West Indian
diehards to predict.
However, when one notes that though the West
Indies started yesterday with a lead of 200 runs they
could only manage 75 runs in the pre-lunch session
and 131 more in the 175 minutes play allowed by the
conditions thereafter.
In the unlikely event of a protracted stay at the
ticket by these two and those coming after then,
runs will doubtless be very hard to come by;
Mushtaq is sure to demonstrate the strategy
that Lloyd ought to have adopted on that fateful
Tuesday morning in the Fourth Test when Pakistan
were in the driver's seat.
Asif (4 overs for 6 runs), in the 1st innings),
Raja, very successful so far in the second with 21-5-
65-3, and Mushtaq himself (7 overs for 15 runs in the
1st and 11-3-38-0) are very unlikely to have a bowl
before lunch even if the innings last that long.
Imran, the destroyer of the first innings with
18-2-89-6 and Sarfraz (2 for 81 in the first innings
and 22-6-67-0 so far in this one) will doubtlessb.
required to do duty for long periods. They will be
relieved occasionally by new boy Sikhander Bakht
who, included after his decimation of Jamaica, came
back from an early whopping to take 2 for 71 in ornfy
12 overs! He has the best figures in this innings with
Whei-Pakis~an"'tted, it was very early obvious



to a




that 280, in the circumstances, was a good score.
Roberts sent back Sadiq before the end of the first
day and, at the end of his first over on the second,
handed Majid to Croft on a platter.
When within half an hour, he trapped Zaheer
plumb in front with a ratter, all the more unplayable
for having beei immediately proceeded by two
bouncers, the Pakistani resistance had lost its cutting
Mushtaq (24), Asif (5) and Raj( (13) all fell
victim to the terror of absence, the thought that
Roberts was resting to come back.
Mushtaq, indeed, was so happy to get out of
the firing line that he was reported to have given
himself out (by "walking") once before Lloyd- and
Garnercombined to give him his wish.
Asif and Raja seemed intent on getting as many
runs as they could while he rested and both fell to
very. intemperate shots.
Raja, unforgivably, was caught on the mid-
wicket boundary in the last over before lunch, trying
to hit Holford over it for the third time. Earlier he
had been given a life by Murray making at least
half a dozen times in the series that he's missed a
stumping chance when he ran down the wicket in a
vain attempt to hit the second ball he received out of
the ground.
Haroon (72), meanwhile, was the only batsman
to keep his head while all around him were losing
theirs (Majid, Mushtaq and later Wasim almost
literally!). He thrice hooked Garner over square leg
with the effortless ease and assurance of a man wlio's
been batting long.
But the tail, for only the second time in the
series, failed to wag the Pakistan dog as Colin Croft
added the scalps or nran (23) and Sarfraz (8) to
th4se of laroun and Majid (1.1) and Wasinr Ba'iisname
ttootiie hospitru's CasualLy Department Register. .-
S His 4 for 49:to.op s tallyto 30 wickeswhiicb
eclip -l~ iValentin old record of 28 in the series'
vs 'y. eeeclipse the-w-or'tft"-'.
which is 34.
Roberts' 144-36-2 does not do him justice. He
might of course, have been given ;a slightly longer
spell early on Saturday morning when he dismissed
Zaheer but it seems indisputable that even his absence
instilled terror into the hearts of the Pakistani bats-
Garner took a trouncing Haroon was especi-
ally severe on him. His well-intentioned enthusiasm
went untempered, it seems, by sobering advice from
the elder statesmen and he persisted in bowling the
short rising ball, an error in view ofhis lack of "extra"
Still, ironically, it was one such delivery which
eventually earned him the one wicket he got in the
innings in 9 overs which cost. 57 runs.
Significantly,,Roberts' two wickets were single-
handed dismissals 'while 5 of the other 7 wickets to
fall went caught in the slips.
Significant, too, is the fact that though the
wicket clearly favoured the quickies Holford bowled
16 overs, more than Croft (13.3), Garner i Rboberts
(14) and King (4)!
So even with a West Indian lead of 406 and 4
wickets in hand, the game is far from over.
Majid has shown beyond the shadow of a doubt
that he has the class to score big against any bowling;
Zaheer is too good a player not to score a century in
the series do I hear a "what about Richards?"
Haroon and Mushtaq have both now got decent
scores against this attack under their belts; Raja has
taken 453-runs of it already.
Imran,Sarfraz andBari have frustrated us many a
time before ana toalcht can, presumably, wield as -.
straight a bat as any of these last.
One is not convinced that Sadiq, Greenidge-like,
can cope under pressure but while Asif has done
nothing to cause any concern that, on reflection,
must now be a major cause for concern.
The psychological advantage of the first innings'
battering is a real advantage for Lloyd's men but if
Mushtaq's men can weather the early storm, then
only Roberts can come between then and victory.
Garner and Croft are young and still lack the
exposure needed to make then reliablI-if things should
somehow start to go Pakistan's. way.
Lloyd, for all his 26 Tests as skipper, does. not
seem to have the ability to lift men above themselves
in a crisis . Wes, if you bowl a no-ball now,
youll never be able to go back to Barbados...." *
In fact, his own peculiar brand of captaincy is ideally
suited to creating just such a crisis (remember India '
inthe 3rd Test last year?).
Thus, we may still see a great finish to this
match and a fitting end to what has been a very hard,
fought series.

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