Material Information

Place of Publication:
Tapia House Pub. Co.
Creation Date:
July 4, 1976
completely irregular
Physical Description:
no. : illus. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note:
Includes supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Tapia House Pub. Co.. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
000329131 ( ALEPH )
03123637 ( OCLC )
ABV8695 ( NOTIS )

Full Text
,Vo. 6 No. 27

SUNDAY JULY'4. 1976 -

162 1-2 S- 78 STREET'





THE TAPIA candidate
for Baratana.- Ishmael
Samad, well known as a
campaigner on environ-
menrtal matters, has been
advised to keep his mouth
out of the Lady Young
Road excavation scandal.
Samad told this .to
TAPIA this week when
we requested from him a-
statement on the issue
which has so far drawn
protest from several
groups- like SCAPE, the
Society of Architects and
.the Field NaturalistCluib
The *Tapiaxpan said the
environmental- interests
and other concerned citi-
zenis Who have joined
protest against the
Government-a p p r o v e d
bulldozing by Seereeram
Brothers had advised him
not to enter the issue for
fear that it might be dis-
missed by the government
as "political".

Samad who had cam-
paigned long and hard
and largely alone -
on the issue of the con-
servation of the turtles
and against destruction of
historic samaan trees, was
.unhappy about his exclu-
sion, but deferred, to
environmentalists' concern
'on the matter.
It is notable, therefore,
that Minister of Works
Hector Mclean earlier in
the week said that he had
no further comment to
make on the matter as in
his view it, was being
pushed for political pur-
- pose.
In/ fact, it was the
Minister himself who
politicised the issue in
this election season by
responding so woodenly

to the expressed anxiety
of citizens that th'e bull-
dozing of the hill might
lead to a) flooding in the .
Belmont area below; and
b) grievous defacing of.
one -of the more scenic
spots in Port-of-Spain
The folly of pledging a
,-political career on the:
behaviour of hillside
boulders is perhaps

goe g o

Toba go



matched only by that of
the Political Leader of
Mclean's own party who
is busily seeking a fresh
sqt of party "millstones"
with which to take the
eleqtQral- plunge.
The Minister did have
the options of making a
reasoned ahd temperiae
response to the complaints
made about the Lady,

A TAPIA team returns
to Tobago this week-
end for another session
of campaigning.
Public meetings are
scheduled to be held
in on Charlotteville on

Young bulldozing. He
chose instead to make
cavalierly arrogant state-
ments about balancing
esthetics with common.
As if he himself had
any grasp of either!'
Onb noteworthy com-
ment on the issue so far
is that the Port-of-Spain
City Council had appa-
rently ot even been
asked its views a reflec-
tion of the total domina-
tion of central govern-
ment and the consequent
laqk of touch of an ever
burgeoning centralised
-Eager to finish elec,
tioneerig highways in
goernmeklesslynt ha going the
recklessly, allowing the

Friday, in Belle Garden
on Saturday and 'in
Mt-. St. George on
The team includes
Arnold Hood, Lutrice
Carrington, Patricia

ISHMAE L SAMAO... asked to
keep his mouth out of the issue
excavation of the Lady
Young !Hill.
They hoped to earn the
plaudits and gratitude of
motorists for finishing
the widening of the
Churchill Roosevelt high-
All they achieved is the
alienation of otherinotor-
ists and the .permanent
hostility of environven-
tal g-foup;s and citizens
who care. i- -e .
do is a mistake.

J.niEs, Lloyd
Haimlct Joseph,
Allan Harris. .


For a report on
progress on Tobago
read page 6.



An. th .1.1


(Political Intelligence Bureau)

AFTER MONTHS of cut and
thrust negotiations the United
Labour Front and the Democratic
Action Congress have decided on
some kind of arrangement.
An important meeting be-
tween the two parties carded for
Friday July 2 is likely to complete
1I negotiations and the matter of
the ULF-DAC alliance is to be
finally settled.
The exact nature of the
arrangement is at time of writing
still unclear, since the DAC is on
record as saying that they are not
interested in any merger and the
.J_.F has emphatically stated that
they have no intention of sub-
merging their identity.
If both parties can be taken
at their word, then the options
become either a loose coalition or
an electoral arrangement between
A loose coalition would mean
another overnight marriage of


In 1971 the country experi-
enced such a marriage of the
ACDC and the DLP which ended
in a "quickie" divorce.
An electoral arrangement
would mean that no important
political and ideological issues will
have been settled including the
business of political leadership and
a programme for the country.
Negotiations between the
DAC and the ULF have been
characterized by the emphasis on
a short term strategy for the
coming elections, naked power
plays, and in some instances even
political blackmail.
Self-interest, self-preseivation
and self-promotion have tended
to inform individual positions.
There are many in the DAC
who have been adamant in their
opposition-to any alliance or even
negotiations with the ULF.
And there are as many in the
ULF who wish to have nothing to
do with Robinson and his bunch.
Millette and Jacobs are known to
be uncomfortable about the


In the DAC, Brinsley Samaroo,
is the only one who is really keen
on the whole affair.
No end of personality con-
flicts have resulted from the
negotiation sessions and every
conflict between the two ias been
duplicated within the individual
In the DAC itself some in
the ranks have openly shown
their antagonism to Emile De la
Duval and Shaw have also
been under heavy fire. All three
are regarded as part of the-"capital-
ist" wing in the party.
The hierarchy of the U.L.F.
is known to have different posi-
tions toward the DAC.
Weekes, with no political
base, is personally close to Robin-
son. Panday, the onlv man with
political clout in the ULF. sees
his relationship with the DAC as
one of political necessity.
Shah is ambivalent but per-
sonally close to Angus Khan.
Millette .is cautious of his own

Time changes and so do men: April 1971 photo of ACDC-DLP front-benchers shows suchfaces as Aeneas Wils, Ramesrh iootoo,
George Goddard and Elton Richardson all since gone different ways. The game goes on...





L i



position, and Jacobs is not really
in favour But, well any
port in a storm.
The matter of seats has not
been completely settled. But a
"pact" has reportedly been arrived
Whether it will be 20-16 or
24-12 is anybody's guess, but 20-
16 in favour of the DAC seems
the more likely outcome.
In any case there is sure to
be a lot of bad blood when DAC
candidates who have been already
announced are asked -to. stand
To find a compromise on
the seats that the DAC are willing
to concede and those that the
ULF are willing to accept is not
such an easy task either.
With the arrogance typical of
the leadership of both parties,
there is sure to be some wrangling
over these matters, fuelled by
competing claims of strength.
Reports in the daily press on
Wednesday June 30, however,
suggested that most of these things
have been ironed out.


But.Panday is a tough negoti-
ator and is likely to hold out for
the greatest possible advantage to
In the negotiations the DAC
has offered the ULF the Barataria
seat and the Labour Force has, so
far, refused to accept.
On the other hand Panday
held out for the Si. Augustine seat
until the DAC conceded it.
Brinsley Samaroo of the DAC
who had been actively campaign-
ing in the St. Augustine constitu-
ency has been shifted to Nariva.
Whatever arrangement the
DAC and the ULF come to, it
is sure to raise questions of
credibility and of trust.

The DAC, as a breakaway
faction of the PNM with ANR
Robinson and Martin Sampath at
the helm, brought Angus Khan
from the DLP into the leadership
and first presented itself to the
country as the ACDC. (Action
Committee of Dedicated Citizens).
It was part of a coalition
with the DLP (ACDC-DLP) which
proposed to contest the 1971


The coalition broke up tw'.
weeks before polling day whcn
Robinson (unknown to Jamadsr
of the DLP) announced at ;
public meeting that he was not
contesting the elections.
The base of the ULF is the
old WFP which contested the
1966 elections. George Weekes
and Basdeo Panday along with
34 other candidates all lost their
deposits in that election.
But to the WFP has a' eea
added UNIP (the United Nation:il
1.-. J .. :,., Party) which with
James .l'j:te and Richard Jacobs
'had never really got off the
ground. -1
Under the banner of a
"working class" party the ULF
has attempted to bring together
a broad coalition of non-establish-
ment unions.
The ULF is therefore the
political arm of the Council of
Progressive Trade Unions.
In theory the major unions
involved in the Council of Pro-
gressive Trade Unions are the
and ICFTU.
In practice, however, the
ULF is really the All Trinidad
Sugar Estate and Factory Work-
ers Trade Union plus Weekes,
Shah, Young, Millette, Jacobs etc.
Canefarmers have been cau-

tious in ei. relationship ith
the ULF.
O'i.o".ke hlave been indif-
ferent, so.m7e .Y'es hostile.
Transort wrk-ers have been

riverss' x.cizs have
never rea.iy bee" iresmted.
As far as leadership is con-
cermed. Weeks, Panday and Shah
have bCen pre sending themselves
as a ir-iuMn.vie for all kinds of
r"aso's w ic" they consider
i;. ad sugo- unity. African/
r':'1;-:' sl'odarity. Hindu/Muslimn
",1 -. U'ed leadership and so

Tf.isc three are the accepted
I,.ad,:?; v1'e Panday is the ackrnovl-
,.gcd movingg spirit.

.*oc Young has certainly kept
a low profle throughout the life
of the ULF and seems to be more
interested in holding his union

.ur,.', on the other hand, is
active '-, has no real weight in
the leadership.
Millette was brought straight
away in~o the leadership and heads
one oe five committees that are
supposed to exist in the U.L.F.
h't P.anday, Weekes and
Shah are not abort to allow any
Marxist 'li*tc.lcctual" -to win their
J:;' o. v;' M;s working
class a i pTorm fulmi-
nations. is of i'"; more than
nutiSalce v::;l c.
7 1;
ri n the r"-,ks of ',he ULF
but exierng negligible political
influence. re organizations such
as the 7ro'skyite New Beginning
Movement which in principle is
supporting tlhe ULF as a "working
class" paity and the Marxist-
Coni'd on It'. 11





TRUCKERS are com-
plaining that since NP
took over, the treatment
they are getting is much
worse than the old days.
Since January 1, 1976,
NP has enjoyed a mono-
poly of the sale of all
home-produced gasoline,
diesoline, fuel oil and
lubricating oil. Even
Texaco is now only a
sub-agent of NP.'
When Esso left Shell
took over and honoured
all agreements. Then Shell
became TRINTOC and
TRINTOC honoured all
Shell's agreements.
Now that NP has taken
over, complain the
truckers, all the peddlars
who once used to trans-
port for BP, Esso, Shell,
and Trintoc have been
cut out in respect of
The small men are
free to peddle but not to
Peddling is buying and
selling to service stations
for a commission of eight
cents per gallon. Trans-
porting brings a trucker
4.76 per gallon.
Now all the transpor-
tation is being done by
one monopoly trucker
who the truckers believe
is "close to the party".
The result is that many
service stations have to
wait weeks for supplies.
With this monopoly
arrangement, NP has still
had to allow the small
truckers to handle the
schooner business on the
Queen's Wharf.
Again, when emergency
deliveries were required
at Orange Grove 'and
PTSC, NP had to fall
back on the little trans-
The truckers are won-
dering why this pressure.
Said one:
"Everybody cannot
call the PM 'Bill' or get
the Regiment to trans-
port party things to the
Hilton Hotel; but is that
any reason why we should
not get the same treat-
ment we used to get from
the big foreign com-
The average small
trucker may have two to
four vehicles. The big
monopoly has 40 or 50.
The transport vehicles
have to be inspected by
NP and that is how the
little men are squeezed
A big party man can
always phone up the
inspection shop and
threaten to have some-
body fired; a small man
simply las to take his


licks. ,
In the old days, the
big man was not interested
in transporting. Commis-
sion was one cent per

gallon per mile for the
first 15 miles; 1/2 cents
per gallon per mile for
the next four miles and
then, after 19 miles, 21/24

'per gallon per mile.
But times change, re-
flected one trucker, rue-
fully. "Why NP pressing
the small truckers so?"

Black count Y officials, elected for the first time in Alabama in the 1960s.


SUNDAY, July 4 the United States of America cele-
brates its 200th anniversary of Independence.
And part of those celebrations in Trinidad and
Tobago is a two-night performance at the Little Carib
Theatre in Woodbrook featuring black American drama-
tist Carolynn Reid-Wallace accompanied by a group of
local musicians including drummer and Shango Andrew
Dr. Reid-Wallace is a Dean at Bowie State College
outside of Washington. She is a major interpreter of
modern poetry. She first performed in Trinidad to
launch the re-opening of Beryl McBurnie's Little Carib
Theatre in 1974.
That performance was staged by Derek Walcott's
Trinidad Theatre Workshop.
Her performance this time around is entitled, "An
Evening With Carolynn Reid-Wallace", in which she will
be reading selections both from American and Carib-
bean poets, including song sections drawing on black
spirituals and the blues.
The two main shows run at the Little Carib Friday
and Saturday nights, beginning at 8.30 p.m. and on
Saturday there is a 3 p.m. show for schoolchildren.


Found t ion to Fixtures
Call 62-44(69M

J.C Scaly


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sold out,






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( Near to Trotman street)


Galvanise, Cement,
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etc, etc.

Our coverage of


is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep abreast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.
OWING to the recent increase in the postal
rates, the Tapia House Publishing Co., Ltd., has
found it necessary to increase the subscription
rates for TAPIA.
'The new rates are as follows:

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom countries
Other Caribbean
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)


$18.00 per year




Surface rates and rates for other countries on
request The new rates are effective February 1, 1976.
Tapia, 82, St. Vincent St. Tunapuna, Trinidad &
Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126. & 62-25241.

I I RD~s*aaa ~Bp-asL-~W~lb I ~ -



PAGE_ 4 TAI SUDA JUL 4,197 6

Time to halt this 20-year process of


WHEN, two weeks ago,
the Prime Minister spoke
to the South Chamber,
he outlined to all those
who still doubt it that his
ideal system is Papa-
This address was hailed
by unnamed sources in
Jimmy Bain's TTT as one
of the greatest non-
partisan speeches.
In the course of his
ramblings and random
thoughts about things in
general, Williams told his
audience that he now
wants a smaller Cabinet
ostensibly, to stop the
leaks by reducing the
number of people on the
Cabinet's periphery.
Besides causing jitters
among his present Cabinet
"colleagues" (all of
whom must be wondering
which one will the foun-
tain bless?), he has un--
ashamedly disclosed. the
final stage in his develop-
ment of a one-man rule.
Having dropped all the
millstones from the Cabi-
net, he would have sur-
rounded himself with a
clutch of castrated men
and gutless women,
people who would never
disagree even respectfully
with the Doctor.
Should they do any-
thing but faithfully toe
the line, they would be
But what function
would the other PNM
Parliamentarians serve?
The new breed even
if all representative of
the young and the women
- would be corraled into
a choir of yes men and
yes women who would,
when the Leader of Gov-
ernment Business waves
his conductor's baton,
sing "Yea" to the Speaker
in unison of tone and
How's that for PNM
Small wonder that,
speaking to the Business
and Professional Women
and calling for the in-
volvement of youth and
women, the Doctor
could be so condescend-
ing to both: "Give them
responsibility; draw them
out; make them make a

Oh yes, in a hypothet-
ical fifth term PNM gov-
ernment, some of them
may even become Parlia-
mentary Secretaries in
mock departments. They
would have as much
power and responsibility
as Wilton Hinds, Muriel
Donawa and Patrick
Manning (youth and
women of 1971 vintage),
and that is, negligible.
But the men relied on
for technical advice
would come from another
group the political-

WHILE the Government
of the country is "living
off the privileged few",
the people are "standing
out in the cold", Tapia
Administrative Secretary
Allan Harris told the
people of Tunapuna at a
political meeting on June
Because the Govern-
ment had such tight con-
trol on every area of
national life, Harris said,
"it is incumbent on us
now to find an instru-
ment for our salvation -
a political instrument.
Because we have to
organise ourselves politic-
Harris urged Tunapun-
ians: "Join the people's
army for change."

He said when the
people were organised
politically, "then we have
a chance to fight the
Government and to win. I
think we are going to
win. People are lining up
behind the progressive
Tapia was offering the
people "a potent brew"
of participatory Govern-
ment and participation
of all the people in the
affairs of the country.
"That is the only way
we believe we can put
into place the radical
reconstruction of Trini-
dad and Tobago," he
said. The first task of a
political movement like

technical wing
These are the c
and economists,
blue-eyed boy
would hold

Williams would have-a political-technical wing in his government
of the agree with the Doctor- man democracy.
King. It has taken him 20
engineers (We must remember years to establish fully
selected that the Williams consti- his one-man rule. He
,s who tution allows any number emasculated the County
multiple of Ministers to come Councils.

chairmanships and direc-
torships in the state
enterprises TTEC, IDC
They would not be
required to submit un-
dated letters of resigna-
tion. They would be in
the Senate and as such
could be removed if
found at any time to
have the courage to dis-

from the Senate. They
would all be non-elected
The real implication of
the fully developed
Docracy is that PNM
Parliamentarians would
no longer represent their
constituents but rather
represent the Doctor in
the constituencies and
among the people one- .

He removed all who
in his Cabinet showed
any independence of

He imposed his Con-
stitution on the country.
He has now moved to
put the final seal on Par-
liament ana Cabinet.
Twenty years is enough!
Enough is enough!

Tapia, he said, was "to
reconstruct the system
of politics in Trinidad
and Tobago".

Tapia Shadow Minister
of Sports Billy Montague
followed Harris at the
Tunapuna Main Road
meeting with a brief
statement on what Tapia
was about.
"People are under-
standing that politics is
what decides their destiny",
Montague said.




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SUNDAY JULY'- 4,1a976



'The torch-bearers of the Tapia Movement are uncompromisingly and unapologetically young....'

The Movement




joice the Movement
has arrived.
The political move-
ment so clearly perceived
by the earliest Tapia
associates as an idea and
an aspiration is now the
Word made flesh.
For his address last
Sunday to the Fourth
Assembly of the National
Convention Tapia Secre-
tary Lloyd Best went back
to that historic editorial
in the first issue of
TAPIA, November, 1969.
It was entitled simply
"The Movement" The
prediction it made was
that when the valid and
effective new political
movement appears "the
communities (would)
begin to stir, lighting
flames throughout the


And to Lloyd Best
last Sunday, we have
reached that stage. The
"Tapia bushfire," he
said, "is raging in the
north, it is raging in the
It was as a "glory
train" that Tapia would
go to Tobago for the
fifth Assembly of the
National Convention.
And following that
would be "a Thanksgiving
Election convention at

the moment of Cropover
in sugar country".
From Tunapuna to
Port-of-Spain, to Tobago
from San Femando and
back to central and deep
south Trinidad, "the
Tapia message has spread
and is spreading now like
Best saw this second
assembly at the Lions
Civic Centre in San
Fernando (the first was
in November 1975) as a
return to "this sacred
piece of ground".


It was at that venue
last November that the
Tapia Secretary had
declared election candi-
dates in terms of 36
ideals and principles
espoused by Tapia people.
Standing on the stage
in front of the 22 so-far-
announced candidates
last Sunday, Lloyd Best
put the rhetorical ques-
"Is it not fitting that
we should return to con-
firm those ideals and
principles, in actual flesh
and blood, on this sacred
piece of ground?"
And what of these
"flesh and blood" candi-
dates? Well, for the first
and most obvious thing,
they are "uncompromis-

ingly and unapologetic-
ally young". Which was.
as it should- be new
movement, new people,
young people. "
It's inevitable, the
Tapia Secretary argued.
And again he put the
rhetorical question:
"Could we ever hope to
realise the intentions of a
new dawn by "desperate
low dodges of tired, hard-
back, has-beens?"
Yet the Tapia youth
were not come by just
like that. ("You cannot
buy youth in the Sunday
morning market youth
is not cascadu or crab!")
Tapia's youth had come
in response to a call to
join' "a quest for glory".


So that Tapia had a
lot going for it an
image of youth, an ele-
vated vision and a solid
commitment. But it
didn't necessarily follow
that we would win the
elections just like that.
What is to be done?
To answer this Best first
stated what is NOT to be

taking the victory
for granted;

leaving the work up
to the national leaders;
indulging the satis-
faction of good cover-
age in the press and
"the consumer's enjoy-
ment of oratory and
rhetoric" at public
True, we must take
pride in our blessings.
"But pride must be no
substitute for the con-

create obligations and the
responsibilities which all
the Tapia people must
shoulder if we are to
leave nothing to chance
and make absolutely
certain a Tapia victory."
Lloyd Best then listed
five tasks that are to be

done before election day.
The first, to bring out
the crowd comprising all
those people in all their
rich variety (80,000 of
them), who would declare
their will to freedom.
The second, to read
and study ourselves and
then to spread the gospel
of Tapia. Tapia campaign-
ers must be thoroughly
familiar with all the
aspects of the programme.
The third: to set up
the crucial machinery.
"Machinery,"' said Best,
"is the means of syste-
matic effort. We must
find the right people for
the right tasksat the right


This applied not only
to candidates but to cam-
paign managers,'campaign
committees, cadres, can-
vassers, agents, scrutineers,
transporters, clerks etc.,
required on Voting Day.
Fourth was the raising
of "colossal sums of
money". If 80,000 people
join and pay their dues,
the Tapia Secretary esti-
mated, "Tapia could
become a millionaire in
just a year without even
winning the lottery."
The fifth task was
"mending the holes in
the Tapia fabric" so that
the Movement could close
ranks and advance fully
united. (See page 8).




We've got what you
need at minimum cost,




The people see it cle

either Tapia or


IT SEEMS very likely that
the 1976 election campaign
is about to fulfill the con-
ditions laid down by
Tapia so long ago, and
resolve itself into a national
debate on the sharing and
exercise of > power that
will have all the force of
Tapia 's Constituent As-
Ironically, the immedi-
ately cause of this debate
has been the delay in
calling the election.
Parliament is dissolved
with no announcement
made: when next we are
blessed with a legislative
assembly it will be a
Republican one, and whe-
ther it inspires the terror
or fulfils the promise in-
herent in that word will
depend upon the resolution
the country is able to
achieve of the issues of
power now nakedly con-
fronting it.
The bridge from the
old world to the new
which it was the duty of
those in authority to build
in partnership with the
people, the people must
now build alone, and in
the process of building
must find leadership where
they can.


Any process whereby
the country lays down the
conditions under which it
consents to be governed-
can- only be of benefit to
It is also ironical, though
on reflection inevitable,
that the current phase of
the debate should arise
out of the disputes taking
place in the shattered
bosom of the People's
National Movement.
The population cannot
now help but be divided
between those who believe
the country is ready for a
new definition of power
and those who feel with
Williams that one-man rule
untrammeled by even the
feeble restraints of the
present constitution is still
a viable path to the future.
In the first category I
put Tapia and its supporters
in the second I unhesitat-
ingly place not only the
PNM, including Karl
Phillips, but the entire
conventional opposition,
whose evident objective,
is as it has always been,
to replace the PNM in
the driver's seat of an
authoritarian state machine.
Why else the lack of
constitutional proposals in
their platforms?


Why else the continua-
tion ,of the manipulative
politics of mergers, with
LAP passing in and out of
the doors of the ULF in
the space of a month, and
with the DAC and the ULF
carving up the nation into
spheres of imagined influ-
ence; with the DLP's
acquiring and shedding
distinguishing initials like
How else could Richard-
son, after signing the report
of the Joint Select Com-
mittee on Constitutional

Reform which after NO
debate on the subject at
all recommended against a
mixed system of propor-
tional representation,
assume leadership of a
party which had been the
loudest advocate of PR?
For, make no mistake
Williams has defined his
ideological territory- be-
-yond all doubt.
Shedding all pretence of
democratic or even party
rule, he has staked his all
on the evident belief that
the country wants a dic-





last Sunday

tator, a dictator surround-
ed by minions of his own
choosing and unencum-
bered by "millstones"
forced upon him by either
party or people.
His Cabinet-amended
republican constitution
gives him the right to
appoint his entire Cabinet
from among his own Senate
He has spoken openly
of a reduced cabinet "to
stop leaks" augmented by
an appointed technocracy.
We have not only been

openly warned but we have
been given the name of Dr.
Ken Julien as a possible
member of this technocracy
- a fact that should remind
us that task-force govern-
ment is already a reality,
since the petroleum deve-
lopment task force set up
outside of the civil service
under the chairmanship of
the same Dr. Julien sub-
mitted its interim report
last September.
The most colossal im-
pertinence of all is the
open proposal that the fun-
damental law of the land
must now guarantee the
unity of political parties
by expelling members
from Parliament if they
Indeed Karl Phillips,
the supposed champion of
independence within the
party, has shown a con-

0 a a n

From Tapia Cadres in Tobago

AS THE election engine picks up steam the Tapia
machine is gathering further impetus in Tobago.
Coming out of the recent series of meetings at
Roxborough, Scarborough and Plymouth by the full
Tapia team, a lively islandwide discourse has begun.
Prior to Tapia's stage presence, the election scene
was the dull case of either PNM of DAC, and every-
body knew where everybody else stood. There was
no discussion.
Now there is something to chew on. Questions
are" tossed back and forth:
Can Tapia do the things they say they are
At least we could give them a try!
Dey look like dey kinda serious, boy!
Ah find they kinda young, boy.
Ah find dey ent in the commess business, eh?
These are examples of the dialogue that has been
taking place.
People are seeking literature about the Move-
ment. None of the other parties is offering them
anything sensible to chew on.

Now they are getting plans and programmes,
issues they can discuss.
At last there is a talking point. Even if Tapia
doesn't win a seat it can be satisfied that it set the
people thinking and talking, and getting out of this
so-called apathy which is an unfair way of describing
people's reaction to the farce that has been going on
for the past 20 years.
The highlight of Tapia's operation last week was
the display of the bright green and yellow jerseys
that went on sale on Wednesday June 16.
The WASA sports meeting was a splendour of
colour 'ind Tapia as a result.
The Tobago cadres were at pains to explain that
the supply was finished.
Tapia was so much in the fore that day that a
Tapia team took part in the relay.
Notwithstanding that the team did not come
first or second, the effort was indeed commendable.
The doing was the crucial thing.
On Sunday, however, the two Tapia football
teams performed much better,,placing second and
third in a seven-a-side tournament.
The work is continuing and the goal is closer.

ULY 4, 1976

irly now: It's


-- I
"I REMEMBER when the police cordoned off the
university and said there must be no political meet-
ings on the campus, Denis took up a paint pan and a
brush, climbed up the portals of the university
library and wrote in bold letters 'Free University'.
"On another occasion he was shot at going
through Chaguaramas as he would not be stopped by
any soldier.
"On another occasion he was kicked out of
Police Headquarters as he was trying to sell the TAPIA
newspaper. On another occasion he and Lloyd Best
were engaged in a tug o' war at the gates of the UWI
telling the police they could not come in."
-Recounting these incidents, Syl Lowhar intro-
duced to the Fourth Assembly of the National
Convention the Tapia candidate for Port-of-Spain
North East, Denis Solomon.
Lowhar, a former chairman of the movement
AF iintroduced all the candidates announced so far in a
long session puncutated withmuch applause.

tempt equal to Williams'
for the Parliament and the
nation by proposing to
make the Constitution of
the nation the guarantor
of the unity of political
No suggestion could be
more subversive of true
politics than this. The

only valid relationship be-
tween parties and Parlia-
ment must be the very
The .constitutional prim-
acy must always be given
to Parliament as a body
of individuals elected to
constituencies. In political
terms,parties must always

win their parliamentary
status on the basis of how
they organise their com-
ponent interests: their
Parliamentary status must
never ensre their organ-
At the other end of the
scale is Tapia. Tapia which
has always urged that the

questions "who we go put?"
and "what we go put?"
were one and the same,
and that both questions
must be solved in this
Tapia, which has accept-
ed the slow process of
genuine mobilisation the
win on points over the

knockout blow that other
opposition parties have
wanted to deliver but have
never managed to land.
Tapia, Whose constitu-
tional proposals stress in-
dependent and powerful
local government; a macco
Senate; emancipation of
the communications media.
For we have realized
that integrity is not en-
sured by undated letters
of resignation or even by
declaration of assets.
Williams knows this and is
merely using these issues
to sustain his role as
people's protector.
Integrity is ensured by
a democratic system of
politics which provides
loci, both institutional and
informal, for the mobil-
isation of opposition
opinion and thus enables
people to learn what is
happening and organise
themselves to stop it.
The Tapia philosophy
of politics and government
is- now, inevitably, coming
to be perceived by an
increasingly political popu-
lation as the only alterna-
tive to the dictatorial
prospects so clearly enter-
tained by the party at
present in office.
The progress and success
of our campaign is evidence
of this. However much
people may be stirred by
our plans for improvement
in the material conditions
of life, the theme that
Turn to Page 11

Yes, we're also into

publishing and printing...

Freedom and Responsibility ...... Lloyd Best
The Political Alternative ......... "
Prospects for Our Nation ..........
Whose Republic? ................
The Afro American Condition ..... "
Honourable Senators .......... ..
Letter to C.L.R. James 1964 .... "
Democracy or Oligarchy ........... C.V. Gocking
* Grenada Independence -Myth or Reality.
(International Relations Institute, U.W.I.)
* Readings in the Political Economy of
the Caribbean (New World).


Why Did PNM Fail? ......... Augustus
Another View of Tapia Method Lloyd Taylor
The Inside Story of Tapia ..... .Lennox Grant
The Machinery of Government .Denis Solomon
Black Power in Human Song .. .Syl Lowhar
We are in a State ............. Ivan Laug~iU
A Clear Danger ............ Michael Harris



Social Stratification in Trinidad. (1.S.E.R)
"Revo poems bv Malik.
"Cheers" by Yvonne Jack.
The Dynamics of West Indian Economic Integration (ISER)

can do a job

for you too

* Call Lennox Grant

_ ___ ~ __ __ _~_i ~~__ _~I_ __

662-5 1'26, 82-84 S,; Vincept St, Tlunaptina.

SUNDAY JULY 4, 1.976'


LIKE ALL the agencies of govern-
ment and politics in a revolu-
tionary crisis and a time of
'trouble, the Tapia Movement lives
under perpetual stress. It is always
possible that the tensions of rapid
change and the birthpangs of the
Tapia New World could tear the
Movement into pieces as we adapt
or fail to adapt to the unending
flow of knowledge and insights
about ourselves, our colleagues
our opponents, our country and
our culture.
Tapia is young and idealistic
and the price of these gifts is
inexperience and immaturity.
Tapia people are independent and
freedom-loving and the risk of a
free spirit is the triumph of indivi-
dualism and licence.


Tapia places a strong empha-\
sis on participation in a climate
where habits of .mind are better
adjusted to dependence and wailing
protest, in a context where a
Doctor says "fen everything, you
speak when spoken to, answer
when you are called"..
Q The problem in Tapia, there-
fore, is that the spirit of inde-
pendence could easily breed
anarchy. The answer to Doctor
Politics which says or is imagined
to say "fen everything" is "every-
thing in the game" brush, tfalses,
bringing, boombay, ups, downs,
chinksing, pouksaying, and every
kind of own-way behaviour and
even wutliss behaviour.


Our great strength is that,
unlike all those overnight election
parties that born big to contest an
election whether in 1956 or 1961
or 1966 or 1976, we have been
here for seven long, lean years and
Brothers & Sisters,
We must now draw on our
rich experience of collaboration
and conflict, of cussing-up and
making-up to fashion arrangements
appropriate to the stresses of our
time. We must find the wit and
the wisdom and the will to mend
the holes in the Tapia fabric to'
bridge all tle gaps and draw the

parts together into the most
effective striking force.
We must appreciate that,
according to all political precept,
the time is coming soon when
the fundamental choice between
the new world and the old will be
pressing all movements to split. If
Tapia is to be unique, we must
search deep within our hearts; we
must fortify ourselves with com-
mitment and dedication; we must
be honest with our limitations; we
must find the necessary humility
and close the Movement's ranks.


Closing the ranks of the
Movement to make the most
effective striking force is not a
simple matter of individual good-
will alone. If goodwill were the
sole ingredient, our cup would
doubtless be running over.
I am afraid that in addition
to the fund of goodwill, we need a
realistic appraisal of power, a
practical design of arrangements
appropriate to the habits we have
inherited in Trinidad and Tobago
and to the aspirations we cherish
for that future which we have
started to build.


I. see two overlapping and
contradictory contexts framing
the problem of Executive power
in relation to our demand for
more political participation and a
voice for all the little people.
First, we have a long history
of Doctor Politics, of domination
by Governor, Leader, Captain,
Chief Servant and Doctor. Domi-
nation has been a way of life
making the unpalatable paradox
that domination is highly congenial
to the popular style of life. People
resent domination by their leaders.
They raise a great deal of dust
about it; they go through a great
deal of dust about it; they go
through a great deal of apparent
protest but they seldom find the
energy to service their demand for
the politics of participation.
If today we are poised to
entrench a One-Man Republic in
the constitution of the country
by actually modifying the power

of the Senate to increase the power
of Prime Minister in relation to
the party and the Cabinet, if
today, we have validated a one
man party which allows the
political leader to dictate terms
to a Convention of 2,000, if'
today it is a national crisis of one
against one million and the one is
great enough to be prevailing,
Brothers & Sisters, we must face
*he sad conclusion that one hand
cannot clap.
We can only have one-man
domination where two are able
and willing, to tango. In other
words, one-man domination will
only be exterminated if our
people are willing and also able
to set their face against it.
The second relevant context
is therefore the February Revolu-
tion which undoubtedly has
resolved the soverign people to
repudiate the politics of monopoly
and domination.


The. difficulty is that revolu-
tions do little more than create
the will while it takes a longer
time to create the actual way.
How can we be expected to
fight the power-structure before
we have effected a constitution
reform and an economic reorgan-
isation which would give the
freedom and the independence
to, struggle and fight and win?
Brothers and Sisters of Tapia,
that is not theoretical or abstract
question but a very practical one.
We must find the answer for our
people; we must hasten to make
it clear.
Tapia could only find the
answer for the nation if we first
found the answer for the move-
ment. This is a question to which,
on this particular occasion, I
merely point a finger, giving notice
of the intention to return to it
when the next Assembly comes.


For the moment I advance
only a few practical proposals.
Following my suggestion to the
First Assembly of this Election
Convention, and in the light of
the needs of the present moment,

I urge that we hasten to establish
our Parliamentary Party. This is
needed to spell out the relations
between the Parliamentary party
and the National Executive; to
spell out relations within the
Parliamentary party, between the
Chief Executive and the Execu-
tive, between the Executive and
the whole.
We must face these problems
squarely before we become in the
knotty problems of the Govern-
ment and State machine.


Brothers and Sisters of Tapia,
I have spoken to you very frankly
because our responsibilities to this
nation are becoming exceedingly
Everywhere people are saying
that Tapia is the best organised
force in the country; that we are
the only movement competent
to govern the country, the only
movement with the necessary,
ideals, the only one with necessary
dedication and love.
Increasitigly, they are saying
that Tapia is making good sense;
that Tapia is our only hope.
Our people are seeing a move-
ment capable of spreading joy
and peace, of saying to Trinidad-
ians and Tobagonians that this is
our country, let us go and break
bread and commune one with the
the other, for this is a land of
love and plenty and it is our
land, our particular plot of ground.


Not so long ago, they were
saying that the Tapia Movement
was to idealistic to succeed; that
we were not in politics; we had
not a clue about power.
Once upon a time, they were
saying that Tapia was the Move-
ment of tomorrow. Now the
chorus is rapidly changing; they
are singing a different tune.
Brothers and Sisters of Tapia,
because of all your great endea-
vours, because of your blood and
sweat and your tears, Tapia is no
longer the Movement of tomor-
row, we are now the Movement
of Today.


ONE YEAR after Trini-
dad and Tobago assumed
Independence in 1962,
the Government set up a
Commission of Enquiry
into subversive activities.
And that proved, Tapia-
man Bhoendradatt Te-
'warie told Tunapunians,
last week that very early
in the game the country
had become restless.
"And we are still
restless because we are
still searching for the
Independence that we got
on paperin 1962."
Today, however, "if
we are talking about
Independence, we better
talk serious politics be-
cause the days of rum
and roti politics, of
standpipe politics, the
days of wild promises are
completely gone."
Tewarie who is Tapia's
Community Relations
Secretary and candidate
for St. Augustine drew
the people's attention to
Jamaica. That island, he
said, was "now under a
siege of violence".
And he warned: "Ja-
maica is merely a mirror
of what is possible in
Trinidad and Tobago.
For in spite of all ,the
talk of stability by the
Government, all we have
had here is a straight
fight between the people
of this country and the
Turning to the econ-
omy, Tewarie said "there
is nothing we need to
change more in Trinidad
and Tobago than the
economic system which
has most of us grovelling
in our own country."

like Jamaica 's

Tewarie, Tapia's
Secretary, is our
candidate for
St. Augustine.
Tewarie is also a
member of the
Tapia Shadow
Cabinet with
responsibility for


There were 80,000
people unemployed, most
of them between the
ages of 18 and 25. "How
can our people feel they
are independent when
they are walking the
streets every day looking
for work.
Tewarie quoted a Cen-
tral Statistical Office
(CSO) report of 1975
that showed that "the
rich are getting richer
and the poor are getting
But "we cannot be
talking seriously about
Independence if we can-
not deal with the pro-
blem of unequal income
-because that problem is
the key to the trouble in
Trinidad and Tobago
was on the brink of the
kind of experiences other
coun tries were going
through where Govern-
ments were unstable or
holding down the people
by the barrel of a gun.
"If we do not create
a society in which these
problems are addressed
and addressed seriously,
we -are going to be spil-
ling one another's blood
in the streets!"

Tewarie said Williams
understood that and that
is why there was the
new Constitution.
But Tapia was tackling
the country's problems
by a different route. "We
plan to make a serious
economic thrust in hous-
ing to solve unemploy-
ment and the housing
problem as well." In the
country today, he said,

of every 10 homes, six
were sub-standard.
He said housing was
important for the organ-
isation of the family. "If
we do not have decent
homes, all kinds of social
ills result."
The Tapia plan was
to build 10,000-15,000
houses per year for the
next 10 years. That would
give jobs to between

30,000 and 40,000
And such a programme
would not only- build
houses but would also
create subsidiary indus-
It was necessary,
Tewarie said, to close
the gap in income in the
country. He said 70 per
.cent of the households
in the nation were living
below the poverty line
of $290 a month.


On schooling, the
Tapia Shadow Minister
for Education said: "One
of the reasons poor people
children don't do well in
schools is because they
don't eat enough." And
Tapia intended to subsi-
dise school meals.

Tapia was aware, he
said, that little could be
done "unless we take
control of the resources
of the country".
Something like $700
million had been sent
out of Trinidad to the
pockets of people in
Texas and Chicago. "If

that bread had stayed
here we could put it to,
the people's use."
On Government's in-
volvement in industry,
Tewarie said workers in
Government-owned com-
panies should ask them-
selves what the Govern-
ment's form of owner-
ship meant.
"Nationalisation", he
said, "is only increasing
Government control. Be-
cause if you are working
for the Government, you
can never have political


And if "we are talking
about political and econ-
omic independence, we
must not just spout the
imported rhetoric of
socialism or capitalism.

Our history has been one
of dispossession and most
of us remain hewers of
wood and drawers of

"You have to ask
yourself, what is wrong
with Africans and Indians
that they can't be in-
volved more in the
business of their country?

"Our country is young
and energetic. What we
need is faith in the
people of the country."

Angelica Kauffmann was considered by her contemporaries
to be one of the greatest and most influential artists of her
time, but since then her reputation has fluctuated. With the
present revival of interest in the neo-classical era, Angelica is
now regaining her true position in the opinions of the critics
and art historians. This fact was underlined by the great
exhibition of her work at Bregenz in 1968 and by the appear-
ance of several of her works in this year's Burlington House
exhibition which has the neo-cuassical as its theme. This new
biography, with many pages of illustrations in colour and
black and white, is a timely reminder of Angelica Kauffmann's
greatness and her extremely important position in the neo-
classical era.
The real story of Mother Teresa began twenty-seven years ago
in a cloistered well-to-do Calcutta convent, where she was
the Principal of the Bengali section. Beyond the manicured
lawns of the School was a teeming ghetto which reflected the
suffocating horror of a city that has often been called the
world's biggest slum. Mother Teresa asked and received
special dispensation from Rome to leave the security of her
convent and work amongst the poorest of Calcutta's poor.
She went out alone with little else than the clothes she wore
and five rupees, and her incredible, unshakeable faith.

I'l ,, ; 1 a. A I -, % -.A% ',

*7 0-



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* Literary agencies
* Revisio--of MSS
* Translations English-French-Spanish
* Preparation of bulletins, brochures etc.
16 St. Vincent Street, Port-of-Spain,
(Top Floor)

StQ~ ~-e inequaltty

IN THE forward march from
Slavery to Chaguaramas to now we
can identify a number of cle-r
In 1897 there was the Working-
men's Association of free labour,
following the breakdown of the
Sugar Economy clamouring for
improved conditions.
Twenty years later in 1917
a white Messiah in the person of
Cipriani arose to lead 0the barefoot
man to a "new Jerusalem".
Of him the late Hugh Wooding
said words to this effect: "But as so
often happens, these leaders, after
doing so much for their country,
are overthrown by movements of
their own inspiring."
I think that the remark was
thrown at Dr. Williams who was
chairman for the occasion.
Twenty years later there arose
a black Messiah in the person of
Uriah Butler, intent on liberating
the black man, and gain-
ing Home Rule for the ''- -
citizens. '
A Royal Commission --- :
was appointed under
Lord Moyne to investi-
gate the disturbances.
The Imperial Government
made some concessions,
and granted Universal -
Adult Franchise in 1946.
Twenty years later, as
a new me.siah was in the
ascendant, I think, it was
Professor Gordon Lewis
who referred to Butler as
the "relic of an archaic

Dr. Williams let his
bucket' down in the Uni-
versity of Woodford
Square, the stomDing
ground of his predeces-
sors, and pledged to lead
us out of bondage into
the promised land of
independence, West In-
dian Federation, inter-
racial solidarity, economic
planning, political educa- -
tion and Morality in
Public Affairs.
According to him, the
old regime was run by
bobolists, and Gomes was
Bobolops, and there were
to be no deals.
From '56 to now it is
20 years again, and the
poet exclaims: "0 Babylon,
O Babylon!"

And Gomes can come
back from the other side
of the sea, thin this time,
no longer in the body of
a whale, like Jonah and
shout that Niniveh must
be destroyed! It is a
corrupt and unholy city!
How right, then, is the
calypsonian Lord Blakie
when he says 20 years is
It is time for a change,
Our history, the law of
motion of our society,
dictates that there be
change in '76, and no
recruitment of troops, no
build-up of arms. no
mass bribery or intimida-
tion, no Re-Public Order
Act of a Republican


Former Chairman Syl Lowhar made the statement on this page before introducing

Constitution shall turn
the tide back.
We knew all along that
this change had to come.
Writing in the Dead Season
Issue of "New World" In
'68 Lloyd Best said:

"Exactly one century
after Emancipation Moyne
brought fresh hope. The
generation which was born
in the subsequent period of
golden expectation has now
come of age. 1
Its elders, thirty or there-
abouts, stand on the thres-
hold of a decade when, as a
group, they will attain the
height of their creative
Its cadets, perhaps /the
largest single age-group yet
to attain the suffrage, are
coming to political con-
sciousness in a flood. These
are the men who constitute
the decisive cohort for the
next round."

But what kind of
change? That is the ques-
tion. I quote from Lloyd
Best's 1968 letter to
James Millette:

"We are now a group of
people with political respons-
ibilities as well as others.
This has already imposed
some choices on us, choices
which will more and more

reflect themselves in conflicts
and differences of opinion
among ourselves, not to
mention between ourselves
and established interests.'
"It is going to strain our
tolerance so that we have to
do everything in our power.
to avoid destructive confron-
"The great danger is that
we will get a movement of
the purely platform kind a
successful one at that. A
crowd which is willing to
put us in power without
understanding us or the issues
and without sufficient dis-
course on what are the real
possibilities and limitations
of change: without indeed
the development of any real
self-knowledge among the
leaders of the movement.
"That is the surest way to
another PNM.
"On the other hand there
is a genuine need for politi-
cal organisation and direct
political work."

The failure to establish
a democratic, humane
and participatory political
culture which not only
tolerates but also appreci-
ates differences of opinion
within the organisation
led to destructive con-
fron station which in turn
caused the split in the
New World Group.

One consequence was
the birth of Tapia and
UNIP. What is not often
acknowledged is that the
split also caused the
cadets, the young men
and women to go off and
form NJAC.
With the experience of
New World behind us and
the lessons of the PNM
before us I think that we
are well placed to say
with the poet Walcott
that if we have created
nothing there is nothing
like what we will create.

We cannot reject the
uncritical acceptance of
imported models in politics
and yet select uncritically
those aspects of these
models that are to our
present advantage.
Everything must be
subject to question and
criticism. There can be
no prerogative in the New
World that we envisage.
The major problem of
the PNM is that Dr.
Williams has been oper-
ating the Westminster
Model in its worst form,
which gives him power
unlimited over his col-
He is not primus inter
pares first among
equals. He claims that his
ministers are responsible
to him.
He uses the Parliamen-

tary Party to make deci-
sions to the exclusion of
the party as a whole.
He uses the Party Con-
vention to castigate and
chastise the Parliamentary
Party; as Political leader
he uses his judgement of
the mood of the country
to bring both the Parlia-
mentary Party and the
party as a whole under/
control. Either he is the
party or he is above it,
Even in Westminster
the tendency has been
to limit the discretion of
the Prime Minister and
Political Leader as it ha,
been to erode the prero-
gative of the monarch.
So Britain now has a
Constitutional Monarchy.
There was a time in
England when the Conser-
vative Party leader even
had the right to appoint
his successor. I think that
Heath was the first to be

In the Labour Party
Harold Laski, the famed
political scientist, used tO
argue for the supremacy
of the Party as a whole
over the Parliamentary
Party and the Political
But the structure and
origin of political parties
in Britain have put many
obstacles in the way of
this achievement so that
Callaghan today can still
attempt to isolate his
'nearest rival Michael Foot
by cutting off his base
in the Labour Ministry,
and reducing his effec-
tiveness as a champion of
civil liberties by making
him the Leader of the
When I was asked to
present the candidates I.
was described as an elder
of the Party who was not
in the fray, meaning that
I was not contesting the
Of course, whatever
weight. I have, and there
are those who would dis-
pute my political signifi-
cance, I put behind the
candidates in general,
and behind the candidate
of my own beloved Arima
in particular.

But I am also not in
the fray for power be-
cause this involves the
.manipulation of people.
I accept the Kantian
hypothetical imperative,
always to see man as an
end, never as a means to
an end.
The poet Aqson Gon-
sales has put it nicely in
regard to NJAC He
said "I seek neither
wealth nor power, only
freedom, and this you
have denied me."
Yes, the road to the
fulfilment of our dreams
Cont'd on Page 11

SUN Y JY 4, 976
2. 21 I ",I Li-, .


From Page 2,
Leninist United R vol." '-
ganization which har giv.- .'i- i
support to t"e UL -cr : "-:-
imperialist '.-: ce.
In a special Labour Day issue
of "Challenge"' the URO.- how-
eyer, called on thbe ULF to "purge
itself of the opportunist e :-:-nits".
At the same time the DA was
branded a "pro-imperialist" force
and charged with making "frivol-
ous promises and empty slogans."
Behind the smokescreen cr
"United Labour", therefore, their'
exists a multiplicity of interests,
competing cross-currents, various
shades of Marxist ideology and
widely divergent views on political
The personalities invo,.v-.
are also interesting. Panday i a

socialis- brahmii who does not
believe in c.aId and who likes to
be refer:.:- to as "Doc". ,
Clive Nunez is a black power
Raffique Shah became famous
in this country for his part in the
1970 RegYme .: mutiny.
George Weekes' naivete as a
politician is an acknowledged fact
ad he has been referred to by
some of his friends in the ULF

"i' *',.: has been looking for
a ready made pariy to lead since
1 %?S.
..Y -I-nson ....". : the
P-M ship when he thought it was
'-c-. : -Mk, cuJamadar's throat
Sc ". of the 1971 election
campaign, promised to reveal

"party secrets" and has failed to
do so and so on and so on.
If the U.L.F. has no credibil-
ity as a political party, the DAC
cannot generate any trust either
because it has never offered the
country a constructive alternative
or a positive programmine.
The party is rife with old
political hacks who are merely
angry with the PNM.

The DAC has no ideologically
consistent position. From time to
time statements are made to suit
the political. current.
Its leadership has no coherent
view on anything.
For these reasons the "youth
arm" and the "women's arm".
never got off the ground.-

For these reasons there have
been conflicts between the genera-
tions in the party.
For these reasons 'wayne
Davis left the DAC in disgust f"r
For 'the same reasons, too
many other front benchers have
fallen by the way side: Aeneas
Wills, Lloyd Carter, Jessel Hannays,
Wendell Mottley.

For these reasons the ranks
are now split between "capital-
ist", "socialist" and other.
Both the D.AC and-the ULF
are going to have one hell of a
job, first of all, keeping dow'-n the
in-fighting within the individual
parties and, secondly, explaining
,their alliance to the population.

From Page 10 f :.,

is steep and winding and
often lonely, but we
who have the faith must
not be afraid to travel
the donkey track of
Colonialism until we
reach the promised mac-
adamised highway of
Brothers and Sisters I
think that we have
reached a plateau where
we can announce to
ourselves 22 candidates.
These will be officially
announced to the media
in due course. There are
still some complications to

be ir." -i out.
During the next leg of
our .election convention
which will be held in,
Toba.o a fresh batch of
c -i".''" will be an-
nou1i:,J i2 time for
gen'-ai election.
'You will notice that it
is a team, young, capable,
and well mixed, the
y'..gest being 21, the
',dasc 4^' years of age.
It is a team that reflects

and mvst cause the PNM
to wonder.

- N'~ -&.~4 K .


Jamaican youths are helping to build Alamar in Cuba

From Page 7

time and again holds our
audiences rapt and re-
awakens their eroded
belief in themselves is the
prospect we outline of a
population in charge of its,
own destiny, of men and
women confident and in-
dependent of spirit but
freely united in the adven-
ture of nation-building.
For the country -is- fast
becoming convinced of
what we in this hall have
known all along that as
a party seeking in 1976
to win the confidence of
the people of Trinidad and
Tobago, we must not only
demonstrate our compe-
tence to govern but our
determination to set in
place- a political structure
that will henceforth ensure
the population not of our
control over them, but of
theirs over us.

mcan youtr help ng to

B n fought for the indepen-
. I I .:I C lo I I dence of Cub-'.

RIGHTWING elements
in Jamaica recently made
much of the fact that a
number of Cubans have
been in that country
assisting in the building
of a school.
Cuban news agency, in
the story that follows
describes the involvement
of over 140 Jamaicans in
the building of a new
collective residential dis-
trict called Alamar in
Cuba and in the construc-
tion of apartments in
Cuaguey province:
Lpcated seven kilo-
metres east of Havana
it was once a middle-
clah- residential district
designed for individual
living. Today it has a
collective existence, one
without classes or social
The youth of Jamaica
are helping to build the
multifamily buildings in
the new district.
The first Jamaica-Cuba
brigade, made up of 33
young people, worked on
a building with 30 apart-

ments. They arrived in
Cuba in May 1975 to
learn the different build-
ing techniques used in
Cuba's construction sec-
Another brigade,, made
up of 141 Jamaicans, is
now working in Camaguey
Province,: in the eastern
part of the country.
Like the first it is col-
laborating with the deve-
iopmen.t plans for that
province and learning the
Giron-system building
techniques (prefabricated
construction). They are
building a 240-room
One of the members
of the brigade, Gregory
Miller, said that his gov-
ernment called upon
young people to go to
Cuba to learn the differ-
ent building techniques.
Miller was one of those
selected to be a member
of the brigade.
"When that happened,"
Miller said. "I was work-
ing as a sugar analvy' in
the eastern part of Jamaica,

Lin te province of Santa
"The fact that I am
here in Cuba is not only
a great experience but
also a privilege, because
many young Jamaicans
wanted to come but
couldn't he added.
George Griffiths,
another young member
of the brigade, said that
his country has great
building needs, but that
capitalism has divided the
masses and kept them in
He also said that learn-
mg new construction
techniques would help
develop his country and
tighten the bonds of
friendship which unite
Cuba and Jamaica.
There have been tradi-
tional ri,(ons between
both countries. In 1892
and 189- t Marti. the
Apostle of Cuban Inde-
pendence, visited Jamaica,
also the home of a great
number of exiled Cuban
patriots, such as Antonio
Maceo and Maximo
Gomez, generals who had

After the triumph of
the Cuban Revolution in
1959, Jamaica broke the
isolation imposed on
Cuba and established
relations with Havana in
December 1972.
Since the~ :.-seiatio,.s
between both countries
have increased and been
strengthened thanks to
the signing of bilateral
co-operation agreements
in technology. science,
economy and culture.


On July 9, t c Cuban
government gave the Jose
Marti National Award to
Prime M'iistr Michael
Manley of Jamaica.
Fidel Castro, stated at
the time: "You erp'-esent
a country which was inti-.
mately linked to the
liistorn of ourV war,) for
"Your presence among
us, dear friend Manley,
is not an accident, it is a
result of your solidarity,
your proven friendship
towards Cuba."




m Wll M-7 k I L 2 11,

I I %,j LA 1 A a %,." LJ "

g^- ^ a

Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institut for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street
New York, N.Y. 10021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8448.



WHEN I made the pre-
sentation of prizes to
some athletes .at a sport
meeting at San Souci
Villsea recently, I cor-
gratulated them for
winning and for their
talent. But I pity their
They were so willing
and happy to compete,
not realising, the sub-
standard and horribly
outdated conditions
under which they were
doing so.
Ahey we-e running a

hundred yards d a s h
around a circuit on a
slippery, muddy surface
in the rain which resulted
in falls and tumbles
before the race ended.
- Obstacle races, that's
what they were, and
although I admired the
enthusiasm of the people
and particularly of the
organizers making every
effort to do the best
under the circumstances,
I wondered how long
such circums ances
would continue.


Looking at the spoLts
from where I stood,
wondered: Is 'is the
kind o' treatment 'h.c
people of tiVs area
deserve in this modern
Is the Govermnent
not concerned about
these people?'
Are they living be-
hind Gcd's back or ,worse,
behind PNM's'
Why should people
have to settle for fourth
best? Surely that wtas
not even second or

third best and even if
-ee people don't know
bettr*, vwhy shouldn't
.:y o e on riume expo-
surTe-1 to better?
After 14 years of
independence, and 20
years of rule by a
national government I
was at a loss to under-
stand it all.
It strengthens Tapia's
case for bringing home
0lo the qualified and
willing sportsmen, we
have 'in other countries,

M. Billy Montague

to help develop the
people of the land.
- These observations
are made knowing that
in Trinidad, 'it's al-
together feasible.

A YOUNG civil servant is considering taking legal action
agaList NJAC Chairman Geddes (Daaga) Granger follow-
ing an incident last Monday in which she sustained
physical attack from Granger.
Pat Downes, a Research Assistant in the Town and
Country Planning Division, and a member of Tapia's
Fund Raising Committee, last wee!- reported the incident
to the Port-of-Spair police and was s,:king lega. advice
with a view to suing Granger for assault.
Ms. Dowres suffered bruises as a resultt of the
incident and was given anti-ttanus inj ions by hospital
d6ct,'s who confirmed a sprained shoulder.
The irjury came from a tussle between G3ranger '.
and Ms Downes in the Towvi and Country Planning
office. '"---'
According c reports, Granget grabbed the oun ..
woman's handbag, she held onto it and vas dragged off
her chair and flung to the fl- or.

The dispute apparently
started over payment for
tickets costing $10 to
the Friday June 25 show
of the New York Weusi
Kuumba' Theatre Troop
whose performances here
were sponsored by the
National Action Cultural
Committ ee.
Granger was demand-
ing payment for unused
tickets which he had left
with Ddwnes some days


He refused to accept
the unused tickets,. and
claimed that Downes had
taken the tickets on the
understanding that she
would pay for them.
Downes has denied
that she had given any
undertaking to pay for
the tickets and said that
'she had told Granger that
she was uncertain about
attending, and had last
Friday requested tickets
for the Monday, night
show instead.
Granger has insisted
on Ms. Downes' obliga-
tion to pay for the
tickets and, before wit-
nesses, vowed that he
would get his money. "I
am a ruthless man," he is


reported to said.
Member- of the Towr
and Country Planning
staff who gathered to
watched the incident
were said to be shocked
by the action and the
abusive language of the
the NJAC leader.
The following com-
mentary on the incident
was submitted by Esther
Le Gendre who spoke
with Granger following
the incident:

ONE THING from my
conversation with Geddes
Granger last Wednesday,:
he believes that his
actions against the sister
were justified and feels
no remorse about assault-
ing her.
One must condemn the
attitude of violence to
achieve one's ends, especi-
ally when it applies to a
defenseless woman.

n" e other f
employee, "to avoi
disturbance", paid u
dollars on Friday
ing before the sh-v-
tickets, even though
was not going to at
Granger's sense o

-, -- I.- g o t
S W : ; c
;- *1
H ,.

female tifiecd otrage obviously
d any arises from the assumed
,p ten responsibility of black
even n-eo, e to go all out to
w, fot support black cultural
ih she endeavour.
,tend. While the desirability
f jus- of this cannot be denied,

the absence of the bloc
support of local cultural
shows apart from those
with which NJAC feels
p -:;;... connected can
not : unnoticed.
And while- Granger
becomes immersed in the
part of the conscience
of.bjack people, he cer-
tainly cannot stretch it
to -he point of admin-

clout to a sister whose
"attitude" he could not
The whole incident
brings into question
Granger's method of
Granger's attitude has
certainly served to alien-
ate a number of people
who are sympathetic to
the NJAC cause and res-
pect them for some of
the real work that is being
And while women
fight for respect from
the brothers on the
corners and our right to
wall- this land unmolested,
the biggest "Brother" of
them all walks into an
office to assault one of

hinviteC. one .,,ail 'to :~

.. : r '-he Valley
'oy~ -s ai-0 ; ~ i i. a'd thle Sounds of -

Sfo:.'%:,ria Steel 'A's~

J!,~.~tA .,eudr

jortg ~aor

pelu., s"'..-: roti, mauby, rum punch

rnr~sl~rrmrr" "."Z ~ zii~-~sr

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