Material Information

Place of Publication:
Tapia House Pub. Co.
Creation Date:
February 29, 1976
completely irregular
Physical Description:
no. : illus. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note:
Includes supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Tapia House Pub. Co.. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
000329131 ( ALEPH )
03123637 ( OCLC )
ABV8695 ( NOTIS )

Full Text


WILL "Saltfish" be the
mainstay of our Carnival
It may well be, for
most Trinidadian will
have no choice but to
face Carnival 1976 with
no chicken in their pelaus.
The reason is that a
shortage of chicken, as
poultry farmers had fore-
casted, has fallen smack
on at Carnival time.
The first pinch on the
supplies of live broilers
was felt by consumers
last Sunday, particularly
in the country districts,
who found only empty
cages at retail poultry
This weekend house-
wives in the urban areas
are expected to feel the
pinch more severely as
they will be forced to
scratch thie item "chicken"
off their Su11(1;iv n orniingi

shopping lists.
A check at various
levels in the poultry
industry revealed that
shortages will get worse
and perhaps finally there
will be no chicken at all
over the next eight to 12

Contacted on Monday
Mr. Ali, marketing manager
at Ibrahim's Poultry said
that they had just sold
out their remaining stocks
of broilers.
However the one
favourable report there
was reportedly an im-
plrove ment in the supply
of hiatching eggs, but it
will be somic tinme bhclore

the eggs become baby
chicks and then live
Diskomart last Wed-
nesday had no chicken in
the cold storage units.
Mr. Dennis Valdez'
stated that the Hi-Lo
chain stores were now
getting only 50 per cent
of normal supplies.
According to Valdez,
the scarcity is bound to
worsen in March, and it
may not be before another
three to four months
.before the demand for
chicken could be fully
Flowever I li-Lo super-)
markets were expecting
to get chicken this weel:
I tLI noI l clnoiigh to last

till after Carnival.
But things aren't as
bad with the country's
najor fried-chicken out-
lets. Standing iont the
brighter side- of the
chicken industry are
Famous Recipe and Royal


A spokesman for
Famous Recipe said that
he knew that their sup-
pliers were encountering
difficulties as a result of
which their orders could
cease overnight, but lie
expected lthe situation to
take' a turn for the better
by the middle ol'f lrche
Ioy\ l (Cis nli'c:-

pated no problems. "Our
commitments are taken
care of 16 weeks ahead,"
reported the General
They order 40 tons of
chicken each month.
Theirs is not "chicken-
feed" money involved.
So it is their, suppliers
cannot afford to falter.
It is therefore with
the major poultry farms
in the industry thai
Royal Castle deals.
With superior planning
resources these large
fried-chicken outlets can
direct supplies away from
"l a-pc'nniv" con slu iI rs
with ihom they compete
for live broilers.
1he background to the
present sliorlt e gc t
chicken is ai shortage of
hal chlinii eC'L s. stc'nining
origitially I tiroit desire
to control the glut of
Continued on ick l':gc

According to Sparrow

it's finger licking good...

I KEN SCA-RCE LET'S -,:H",E,,.-,






AFTER A week of specu-
lation and watching and
waiting, the axe finally
fell last Wednesday on
the four Tapia Senators
who had been appointed
in October 1974 by the
leader of the Opposition
in the House of Repre-
sentatives, Mr. Roy
The announcement
made at an afternoon
press conference in the,
St. Vincent Street, Port-
of-Spain office of
Richardson created some-
thing of a political stir
amidst the enveloping
Carnival atmosphere of
last week.
In place of Tapiamen
Lloyd Best, Ivan Laughlin,
Hamlet Joseph and Denis
Solomon, Richardson in-
structed the Governor
General to appoint John
Broomes, Charles Clarke,

HAS THE Joint Select
Committee of Parliament
on Constitution Reform
set the stage for an act
of Messianic deliverance
from the clutches West-
minster-style dictatorship?
Have the PNM majority
on the Committee, by
railroading through a
draft constitution even
more favourable to the
entrenchment of Execu-
tive power, merely
provided the foil for a
grandstand display of
liberal statesmanship on
the part of the Prime
These are some of the
questions we are forced
to ask in the wake of the
submission of a Report
and DraftS Constitution
which have thrown cold
water on popular aspira-
tions for a more broadly
based and equitable
system of Government.
Unless it is the inten-
tion of the Prime Minister
and the PNM to ride
roughshod over the people

Alloy Lequay and Simb-
hoonath Capildeo, all
leading lights of the
newly constituted United
Democratic Labour Party
of which Richardson is
"pro-tem" leader.
Announcing this latest
round of senatorial hirings
and firings, the leader of
the Opposition stressed
the value of a "common
united approach" which
he expected to come
from the fact that he and
the four Opposition Sena-
tors now belong to the
same party.
Richardson had earlier
that afternoon told
TAPIA's Lennox Grant
in short telephone inter-
view that this kind of
approach had not been
possible with the Tapia
"You know that as
well as I do," he added.

of Trinidad and Tobago
and pig-headedly hold on
to the excessive powers
they now enjoy, then the
Joint Select Committee
have provided the perfect
opportunity for a mani-
pulative intervention from
above, designed to play
politics with popular
feelings and to curry
favour with the electorate
in time for the next
polling day.

After some five years
of debate over the issue
of Constitution Reform,
the major sources of
public disaffection which
have emerged are:
The inordinate
amount of executive
power, particularly of
Prime Ministerial control,
i. Parliament and the
process of law making;
ii. Jobs, including
state offices and senior
Administrative posts
Siii. The media
iv. The electoral sys-

"There was no consulta-
Tapia had never pro-
mised to collaborate or
to consult with Richard-
son, however.
At the very time of
the appointments in
October 1974, Tapia
Secretary Lloyd Best
declared that he held to
his view that Mr. Richard-
son's UPP was "a pick-up
Later when a com-
plaint from Richardson'
that there was little com-
munication between him-
self and the Tapia
Senators surfaced in the
daily press, Lloyd Best
stated that: "Whenever I
see him I give him a
The four Tapiamen
had been appointed by
Richardson because, as
he said at 'the time, he

The absence of pro-
vision for popular checks
and controls over the
Executive, that is, for
The lack of proper
representation in Parlia-
ment or at any other
Limited scope for
popular participation
in the affairs of state.
Among the many and
varied remedies which
have been .putf forward
have been
A vastly enlarged
Proportional Repre-
The division of Exe-
cutive power between
president and Prime
Local Government
Powerful Parliamen-
tary Committees;
AConstitution Court
Declaration of Assets
and an Integrity Coim-
Of these aild other
proposals, the Joint

had judged Tapia to be
the most effective and
consistent people on the
constitution issue which
the Prime Minister had
then brought to Parlia-
Asked whether he was
disappointed with the
performance of the Tapia
Senators on the constitu-
tion issue, Richardson
said he could not give "a
straight forward yes or no
He mentioned Propor-
tional Representation,
however, as one issue on
which he had unsuccess-
fully sought some state-
ment of position from
the Tapia contingent
"But now I notice
you're supporting the
government on PR and
that's one indication of a
fundamental difference",
he said.

Select Committee has
seen fit to adopt only
the last two which, being
of a bureaucratic nature,
and therefore easily sus-
ceptible to subversion by
an all-powerful Execu-
tive, are the most in-
effectual in any case.

And as if to add insult
to injury, the Joint
Select Committee would
further augment the
already vast powers of
the Prime Minister by
giving him the right to
bypass members of his
party in the House of
Representatives and to
appoint his Cabinet fron:
his own appointees in
the Senate.
What was called for,
instead, was the enhance-
ment of popular and
political controls over
the Executive. But the
Draft Constitution fails
to address itself to this
Continued on Back Page

Richardson alsoexpres-
sed disappointment that
the Tapia Senators did
not function as "trustees
of the forces of opposi-
In relation to the
Leader of the Opposition's
charge that Tapia had
shown no interest in an
united approach on any
issue, there is on the
record Tapia Secretary's
Lloyd Best bid to convene
the Senate into a de
facto Constituent As-
sembly comprising named
leaders of. opposition
forces in the country.
Richardson said he
felt he had given Tapia
an opportunity for expo-
sure in the Senate, and
that he was sure that-the
public knows the Tapia-
men better now than
before their Senate stints.
Tapia Chairman Denis
Solomon, commenting
on Richardson's move.
reaffirmed that the
Leader of the Opposition
had the right to install
and withdraw Senators as
he wished.
He recalled, however,
that Tapia had been put
in the Senate by Richard-
son for opening up of the
constitutional issue.
The constitutional
issue was now at a
crucial stage with the
report of the Joint Select
Committee and aMinority
Report authored by
Solomon himself having
been tabled.
When he was asked
how he now expected
the constitutional issue
would be handled by his
new Senators, Richardson
replied that Capildeo and
Lequay were both experi-
enced Parliamentarians,
and that with the four
Senators he as leader of
the Opposition looked
forward to having cau-
cuses on policy in Parlia-
me n t.
In a e ference toTapia's
consistent line of action
on and promotion on the
constitution issue, Denis
Solomon observed:
"lThe country will
obviously make up its
mind about our value on
the issue of the constitu-
tion and the validity of
Riclunrdson's action in
rellmovil the Tapia
Senators at this time."





CARNIVAL provides not suitable from an aesthetic
only an extravaganza of and structural 'point of
colour and splendour, view for the short-term
bespeaking affluence and Carnival use by vendors.
prosperity. This would ensure that
Increasingly over the an acceptable standard
years the lingering econ- would be maintained and
omic inequalities in the that the wretched shanties
society have been pro- which express the hustling
jected into the streets for enterprise of the not-so-
Carnival. well-off would not pro-
There have been not vide an eyesore in the city
only the emergence of set off against the colour
protest mas and the proli- and splendour of Carnival
feration of undressed or masquerade.
shabbily dressed masque- Of course, no action
I ..--:. -

raiders but- the signs
of hustling mankind eager
to seize an opportunity
to make a dollar.
Whole areas round the
Savannah are now trans-
formed with the erection
of more or less ram-
shackle sheds and booths
for the sale of refresh-
ment and, in some cases,
S de dispensing of music
from hi-fi systems..
These pictures taken
on Queen's Park east and
Memorial Park early last
week show the hustlers
preparing themselves, to
get a piece of the action
at a time when there
are certain to be countless
th!iosi',,ls c;f people,
thirsty and hungry in the
The suggestion was
made last year for the
thing to be rationalised.
A competition should
be run for the design of a
:. module which would be

was taken on it. Tne
City Council merely
asked the vendors to
paint their stalls with the
result that all the struc-
tures have been washed
in cheap white-lime.
Or they would be
plastered with enamel
advertisements for beer
and soft drinks.
Entrepreneurs are now
charged between $35 and
$45 for the rental of a
They are required to
get a food handler's
badge from the City
Council health authori-
For the rest they are
left to fend for thern-
selves. Customers may or
may not care that running
water never available
in sufficient quantity
during the year will be
hardly available for the
use of all these people
who will be handling

Our coverage of


is unsurpassed anywhere

for focus and point.

Keep abreast of the

real currents in the

Caribbean Sea.
OWING to the recent increase in the postal
rates, the Tapia House Publishing Co., Ltd., has
found it necessary to increase the subscription
rates for TAPIA.
The new rates are as follows:

Trinidad & Tobago
Caricom countries
Other Caribbean
E.E.C. (incl. U.K.)


$18.00 per year

Surface rates and rates for other countries on
request The new rates are effective February 1, 1976.
Tapia. 82, St Vincent St Tunapuna, Trinidad &
Tobago, W.I. Telephone 662-5126. & 62-2524 1.


1 q. 11



~r ~.,
F~ t .4

r. ~I



Cuba troops

Smay fight

JAGAN in Guyana

THE REAL reason that
Opposition Leader Dr.
Cheddi Jagan has thrown
his support behind Prime
Minister Forbes Burnham
is because Guyana is
facing an "invasion threat"
from Brazil or Venezuela
or both.
Dr. Jagan, now in
Moscow attending the
25th Congress of the
Soviet Comnaun ist Party,
told me in an interview in
transit in Trinidad he has
accepted Mr. Burnham's
view fiat Guyana's social-
ist drive faces possble
disruption from outside.
Both Brazil andl Vene-
zuela have u.: esoed
border .. ....,
Guyana. Dr. Jagan told'
me these dCi l'rc. may
be stirred up io make
ai; .. difficult for the
nei,.-::' ,i ; Repubeic.
But if that hpe;s, it
is alsolikely ilc t rihI e next
land wa;r in which Cibii
troops wili take part w'jli
be in Guyana.
At a rally in George-
town last Monday to
mark Guyana's sixth
anniversary as a Republic,
Mr. Burnham warned
tliat foreign "hawks"
were trying to discredit
the country and were
laying the basis for "inter-
vention" or "destabilisa-
Mr. Burnham also
referred to a report in
the February 23 issue of
TIME magazine, charging
that there were Cuban
troops in Guyana.' "To
fight whom?" Mr. Burn-
ham asked.
United States Secretary
of State Henry Kissinger
held talks last week with
both Venezuela and Brazil
as part of a six-nation
Latin American tour.
It is not known if
Guyana's move towards
socialism was discussed
but undoubtedly Dr.
Kissinger would be con-
Dr. Jagan, long a bitter
foe of the Burnham Gov-
ernment, told me he was
prepared tojoin in efforts
to create a "people's

militia" in Guyana to
withstand any outside
The Marxist Opposition
leader also said he was
going to rc --lvi. ; ;,ij'..i-
ment which his People's
Progressive Party (PPP)
has been boycotting,
charging the Burnham
Government ,\ i l cl ora Il

But Dr. Jagan declared
that to say the Govern-
imenlc was a fraud mand to
conf'rontI it was ()i ignor
ham acministrnatioin \\;
in fact a nd ii i: 1, the
Governmel t in Cii ,.i.
"P arliamen t isa foruni "
Dr. Jagn 'aid. iind \e

have nothing to lose by
going in there."
Also in exchange foi
"critical support" for the
o\''ernmen'tl Dr-. Jigan

-top to ] ;2.issme;oiPP
i ii d
inll nal n

tanks at Guyana's Timehri
Previously, fuel was
provided by a Texaco oil
company installation sup-
plied from Trinidad, with
a capacity of 75,000

But the Cubans have
now placed 14 storage
tanks at Timehri, under
the control of the Govern-
ment. with a capacity of
some 300,000 gallons.
This may be to support
Cuban troop movements
to Angola (both Barba-
dos and Trinidad and
Tobago have said no to
felling Cuban flights
'o. ;!! for Angola).
But there is also the
possibility that the fuel
is being held in the
event of real trouble in
.aix ana.n



Port of Spain


now houses

* National Executive Administrative Secretary

* Campaign Committee Citizens Advice Bureau

Is Venue for Council meetings

for Wednesday night rap sessions

and Cultural activities.

Check us out Tel: 62-25241

Cipriani Boulevard. P.O.S.




After Carnival '76


the beat goes on

CARNIVAL 1976 saw
the developing music and
record industry display-
ing some new-found
vigour and enterprise.
Music lovers probably
never had so many
records of high musical
and technical quality to
choose from. Calypson-
ians, musicians and record
producers are showing
,confidence in their ability
to catch the market.
Apart from the now-
traditional Carnival LPs
of Kitchener and Spar-
row, there havel been
made albums by Shorty,
Maestro, Shadow, Singing
Francine, Chalkdust and
In the record shops
now too are several inter-
pretations of 1976
calypsoes, both instru-
mental and vocal.
That it has been possible
to put them-on the
market well before
Carnival is a sign of
growing efficiency in the
music and recording
business here.
For it means that the
artistes have been able to
make use of the long
season this year to offer
record buyers both
local and tourists more

variety, and what is mIore
Important, during tihe
calypso season itself.
Joey Lewis & Ray
Sylvester, Solo Harmlo-
nites and Heinekei Pan
Vibes arc now available
on LP, playing this year's
Earl Rodney and his
Frends have made a cut
on '45 of Shadow's
Constant Jamin together
with Rags to Riches
which is a composition
on the steelband written
by Boogsie Sharp, captain
of Phase Two Pan Groove.
Rags to Riches was
played by Phase Two Pan
.Groove in this year's Pan
Fever competition, con-
tinuing a trend begun by
CIBC Starlift playing
Ray Holman's composi-
tions instead of current
calypsoes in Panorama.


Another notable pro-
duction this Carnival has,
been Lancelot Layne's
three '45s" of calypso
In his special way,
Layne has made use of a
variety of male and
female voices to drama-
tise the calypsoes, and
in some cases has changed
the original lyrics to suit
his depiction of a kind of

dramatic situation sug-
gested by the calypso.
Slandled in this way by
Lance Layne are Constant
Jamin alnd Shift Yuh
Carkass by Shadow: Flag
Woman by Kitchener:
How You Jammin So by
Sparrow: Fiery by
Maestro: and Ee Petit by
Th ough the arrange-
ments are all by Layne,
the songs have been re-
leased variously under
the names of The Vibra-
tions and Tushes. in the


The Carnival music
production is likely to be
more intensive than the
rest of the year. But a
good deal of work has
already been .scheduled
for the post-Carnival
-Lancelot Layne is now
doing arrangements for a
new LP by singer Ella
Andall, a much in demand
studio vocalist whose
Second Fiddle was popular
last year.
Already completed and
expected- to be released
after Carnival too is an
LP' of improvised calypso
music by Clive Zanda and
the Gayap Workshop.
Backing Zanda on this



Ste phens

L.P ar1 bassist Mike
(corcs and dn rIIruimer-
pcercusLsiciist Toby Tobas.,
It contains six of Zanda's
own compositions: Fever
by Kitchener and Mr.
Walker by Sparrow, and
the moving Shango chant
Ogun belele.


Still being worked on is
Andre Tanker's LP pro-
luction to be titled
"Changes Comin Down".
Tanker's 'fourth LP,
following his highly
regarded album of the
"BIM" sound track, will
represent another impor-
tant landmark in the.
ongoing exploration of
our musical and cultural
roots being conducted by
several musicians.
The creative ferment
in the musical world has
been attributed in part
to the existence in Trini-
dad for the first time of
international standard
recording facilities.
This has come about
with the establishment
two years ago of the KH
recording company on
the Sea Lots site of the
old International Record-
ing Company.
The new firm has been
steadily modernizing its
equipment and trying to
develop expertise in the
technical and business
aspects of the recording

Other recording com-
panies have not been slow
to follow. Semp Studios
of Mucurapo Road have
recently established 16-
track recording facilities
which is more extensive
set-up than what KH has
been using.
Share, the company
which produced the film
"BIM", has also moved
into sound production,
and are reportedly due
to establish 24-track faci-
ities sited on the old
missile tracking station
at Chaguaramas.

Associated with Share
in this new venture is
the highly respected
recording and acoustics
engineer Jeff Nieckau
who was instrumental in
installing KH's equipment.
Developments on the
musical side are also
promising. Last week
Friday night saw a first
performance in a Trin-
city fete of the Papa
Bailey band featuring
organist Robert Bailey
formerly of the Group
Solo in Trinidad and
Osibisa in Britain.
Organist-arranger Bailey
has been in Trinidad last
couple months checking
out the music scene and
trying to decide whether
to let his bucket down.
In the Papa Bailey
group last week Mike
Boothman played bass
guitar. But Boothman has
himself been shaping a
new initiative called Mike
Boothman Sounds and
has plans of holding a
number of Sunday after-
noon sessions at his
Cascade home.


An absence which will
be sure to be felt in the
local musical scene is that
of Toby Tobas, drummer
and percussionist with
Friends and a much in
demand studio artiste.
Tobas whose back-
ground includes .two
years' touring with Harry
Belafonte plus working
with such top US artistes
as Flip Wilson, Julie
Andrews, Aretha Franklin,
Marvin Gaye and the
Voices of East Harlem,
returned to the US earlier
this month on summons
from Belafonte.
During the period
from.1974 that he was
home Tobas carried on
drumming classes in addi-
tion to his association
with -the. experimental
Gayap Workshop.



-I -- --- I--P-------- _1_ '







LLOYD TA YLOR Poor road conditions increase wear ar


id tcar on vitctCles.

BAD MIND or slackness? Incompetence or
mismanagement? Which of these is the
reason why we have failed consistently to
solve our problems of public transport?
The answer is: all of them. At least
that is the answer we would be most
inclined to give, for that's the way we tend
to be recklessly critical of everything and
everybody concerned when the time come.
But if we were to probe somewhat, we
would be bound to reach to deeper cultural roots.
If there is any-single, basic reason why we seem
not to be able to solve our own problems by
making the best use of our landscape, our geo-
graphical and mineral endowments, then that
reason is "the college-exhibition mentality."
This is the mentality of our government and
administration. For the college exhibition mind,
par excellence, even though itboasts a rich
command of the word, remains functionally
This might seem a strange approach to the
problems and prospects of transport. Yet pas-
senger transport is not the least of the areas in
which our failures to sunnount the drawbacks to
our social and economic well-being that is ex-
plainable by the disability isolated above.
To understand how that peculiar failing of
the college exhibition mind continues to bedevil
our attempts to find solutions to transport we
must be clear on what are the problems that
afflict road users.

In this country the science of traffic
regulation amounts to stationing
policemen at points to break the
traffic bottlenecks.
But first what objectives do we want to
realise when we seek to reorganise the rate, flow
or volume and direction of transportation?
The primary objective must be the swift
and efficient movement of people and goods
within a framework of social and economic
arrangements that are designed to reduce the
inequalities that now exist between town and
That is to say,, any organisation of transport
must benefit the people it serves while it must
create and ensure for the operators of such a
-system, whether in public transport or in hired
taxis, a secure and regular income and a dignified
It must, in addition, enhance the general
good gained through increased productivity. New
endeavours and new opportunities come on stream
once the nation is free to engage its multiple tasks
on time.

And more money becomes available for
domestic investment as we move to switch
expenditure from imported comic books, foods
and light machinery.
Not the least important task suggested here
is the necessity to cut back on the number of
motor vehicles we import completely knocked
down. We have to buy more backhoes, caterpillars
and cranes and fewer cars.
But the transport horrors have we so bazoo-
die we cannot help save to get our priorities
mixed up. We have to see that there are limits
to the miles of roads we can build in an island
Overcongestion of our main arterial
routes reduces the number of
trips and the rate of returns possible
within a given time.
That is, if we are not intending to sharpen
the management/'problem to provide for the
different uses of land as among agriculture, hous-
ing, industry, recreation, national parks and so on.
Or as well, if we do not hope to spend an
increasing propolrion Uif tlwe nna!!; expenditure
Budget on roads (distinct from rural access roads).
as opposed to industry and housing.
.At present, there are many factors which
militate against what should be the primary objec-
tive of good road transport. They are the factors
with which solutions for transport must come to
First, there is the problem (f thie pool state
of our existing road system.. Poorly drained and
dilapidated road surfaces, and curious turns and
ascents where the road way could be straightened
out or levelled constitute an obvious threat to the
safety of road transport.
Secondly, there is, the fact of unimaginative
traffic regulations. We still live in the country
where the science of traffic regulations alnounts
to stationing policeman at points to break the
traffic bottlenecks that are themselves a conse-
quences of improper parking facilities and of
inadequate use of street system in the localities
of San Juan. Tunapuna Woodbrook or St. James.
This weakness is perhaps no time more
unbearable than when you drive right up under
a sign directing traffic off a normal course but
which you could have been made to anticipate
two or three miles away in case you needed to
change routes.
Thirdly we have been faced with pool
public transport service. The replacement of the
Trinidad Government Railway by the Public
Transport Service Corporation has only made
things worse. PTSC buses are unreliable, ineffi-
cient and uncomfortable.
AW'il 1

There is no compensatory benefit for the
mounting State subsidies which it consumes from
year to year.
In addition PTSC is subject to the unreli-
ability of that other public utility Water and
Sewerage Authority. For it is not strange for an
entire fleet of buses in the Sangre Grande
terminus to be laid up simply because there is not
enough water for their radiators.
Whenever that happens, it is the peoples of
the Eastern Counties. St. Andrew. St. David and
Nariva/Mayaro who have to stand the grind.
Fourth, the inefficient hired car system.
Nowadays, what is more or less legitimate in the
eyes of weary commuters, developed as a socially
unacceptable pirate taxi-system rushing in to take
up the slack left by public transport.
The inefficiency of the route taxi service is a
direct result of poor road facilities which increase
the rate of wear and tear on vehicles; over-
congestion of our main arterial routes which
reduce the number of trips and the rate of returns
possible within a given time.
To keep up with inflation and everyday
problems laximen must work longer hours. Their
operation degenerates into dorg-eat-dorg relations
.and impatient hustling among themselves.
Nor have the whopping subsidies of prices
on gasolene and other petroleum products which
amounted to S31.Ymn in 1974 brought relief.
,Whatl is more. taxi-drivers continue to display a
callous disregard for schoolchildren whose fate is

The problem is simply that too many
people are travelling in the same
direction at the same time. Too many
people have no choice but to look
away from the countryside.

So we get the mounting increase in private
cars and the emergence fori among them of dhe
PHs as the single most important "public" utility
in transport.
The indiscriminate hand-out of gasoline
subsidies to all and sundry has certainly made PH
more attractive to its operators. By far the inost
important motivation, however, is the feeling
among commuters that the only solution is to
scrimp and save to buy a car.
Two factors are mainly the cause of the
current stale of public transport. One is the poor
Telephone Service and the absence of any local
tele-communications service say between North and
If granny ailing, is ketch-arse to phone the
ambulance service (that hardly exists) or to send
a message to her town cousins.
The greater culprit is the over-centralisation
of our public services and administration and the
concentration of business, trading, commercial and
banking activities on the city of Port-of-Spain.
Over-centralisation and over-population of
the northern and south western corridors of the
country cause the bottlenecks that are screwing
up attempts to deal with transport.
It is here our efforts and energies must be
directed if we are ever going to deal effectively
with transport for the present or future generations.
The problem is simply that too many people
are travelling in the same direction at the same
time. Too many people have no choice but to look
away from the countryside where there continues
to be no hope.






"PAN FEVER" turns
out to be a better title
than it sounded when it
was first put about by
Pan Trinbago on January
29. It wasn't immediately
clear why a different
name from "Panorama"
was needed for the annual
Carnival-time contests of
steelbands mounted on
wheels, or pan-on-the-
But "Pan Fever" has
proved to be a successful
marketing headline. It
captures a reality and
then affects that reality
in its turn.
The "fever" or high-
temperature condition
that creole Trinidadians
and Tobagonians manifest
at this time of year is of
course represented as an
illness. And that, come
to think of it, is interest-
The Lord Kitchener
who is always right about
the words 'and the music
of Carnival .had one
called "Fever" last year
which described the effect
on people of the coming
of the spirit of Carnival.
One stanza had a plea
which was as urgent as
that of an addict asking
for a fix. "Come on .
form some kind of a
band ."
It came back to me
last Sunday as I stood
with Kit Roxburgh and
Roy Boyke of Key Carib-
bean' in the middle of the
paved track in the Savan-
nah looking fifty yards
down at a sea of waving

hands' in a coming steel-
It was Stag Fonclaire
playing Flag Woman.
STheir yellow canopies
inched steadily forward
surrounded b.! people
jumping up. And from
the distance it looked like
a prized piece of food
being carried home by
the co-operative effort of
a colony of ants.
"A steelband in full
cry is a formidable thing,"
Kit Roxburgh commented.
Within minutes we had to
move aside as the human
tide all but engulfed us.
Intent on their instru-
ments, the Stag Fonclaire
panmen 'seemed indiffer-
ent to the bacchanal
going on around them.
Yet the rhythm and the
music never lagged. The
men were working, des-
pite the bored or distract-
ed look on some of the
faces. It was a style, I
"You ent go find
nothing more original
and more Trinidadian
than the steelband," goes
a line in Earl Rodney's
Steelband Music. Perhaps
I should quote the whole
Masqueraders, you know it's
You need steelbarnd and steel-
band need you
Now alter due consideration
Panmen demand recognition
We don't want just ('arnival
We enl go settle for nothing
less than total and com-
plete Iaccep lance
In all aspects po culture in
this land
You enl go find nothing more
original and more Trinidad-
ian tlan I he steelband.

That is how a pannman
tells it. Earl Rodney,
arranger of Solo Har-
monites and a highly
considered musician, a
new kind of panman, has
an image that transcends
the pan world. As a com-
poser and arranger and
bandleader, he is'widely
Wearing a Marvin Gaye
cap over his plaited grey-
ing hair, he crouches over
the double tenor which is
the lead solo instrument
in the band he founded
called "Friends".
I wonder how many
people heard the lines
"We don't want just
Carnival tolerance/We ent
go settle for nothing less
than total and complete
acceptance." The new
panman is a man who
But what happens
when the fever passes?
Why must the admira-
tion of pan which is now
expressed by the thousands
who come out to hear
and dance to the music
be as transitory as a
"fever"? So that we depict
it as an abnormal condi-


"The masks are on
again," wrote Roy Boyke
in the introduction to the
1975 Key Carnival Magaz-
zine. le was not heralding
the beginning of carnival ,
but rather its end and the
return to everyday life.
When the masks are put
on again.
So maybe it is (Carnival
and "Pan Fever" that
are normal: it is in the

Carnival season that we
touch reality jumping up
and winning in a'band.
All ah want to do is
jump around
All ah want to do
is tumble down
All ah want to do is
But calypso, to take
up Earl Rodney, is just
as original and Trinidad-
ian as the steelband.
Which makes Carnival the
great and unique celebra-
tion of what is "original"
and "Trinidadian".
Yet we have'an original
metaphor about "mih
money jumping up in
steelband" which means
the same thing as "mih
money going down de
drain". And that coexists'
.with the notion that pan
and kaiso and Carnival
are "we ting" which it is
healthy and progressive to
encourage and take part
The contradictions are
there. Jumping up in
steelband was expressly
forbidden as part of the
1962 Independence cele-
brations. It was held by
the authorities to be
inconsistent with the
mood of solemn dedica-
tion then seen to be
appropriate to the
The Prime Minister,
who has been eminently
identified with the dis-
paragement of the "Carni-
val mentality", in 1973
loftily set himself apart
from the jumping-up
masses by declaring that
lie didn't wish to stop

the Carnival, merely not
to be involved.
Then there has been
the rather facile radical
view that Carnival is en-
couraged by the Govern-
ment as part of a policy
to provide circuses to
appease and distract the
masses. Not the least this
view has been influenced
by the obvious attempts
of Williams and the PNM
to make political capital
out of Carnival etc.


The visits to mas camps
and panyards in .1971;
the hurry to get sponsors
for steelbands; the
scholarship for Despera-
does in 1970; the way in
which Williams can quote
calypso (like Scripture) to
serve his own ends all
of these are examples.
The result has been to
write into history a new
section in the chapter on
Carnival and Society -
that Carnival in the 1970s
still has to prove its
validity to a number of
people who are -at least
embarrassed by it or who
are unconsciously hostile
to it.
In the heady days of
the early 1970s to say
that you enjoy Carnival
was, among radical people,
to acknowledge a residual
decadence or a political
blind spot.
Meantime Carnival,
calypso and pan went
ahead, making some kind
ofl accollllm nation to a
changing society. And to
tell the truth that hasn't
ben widely noticed.






on a lot in deciding to
stage the "Pan Fever"
or Panorama competi-
tions itself this year.
The Panorama had
started as an initiative of
the now defunct National
Association of Trinidad
and Tobago Steeibands-
men in i963.
Between that time and
the panmen were used to
hold the show jointly
with the Carnival Deve-
lopment Committee.
The problem has always,
been; how to ensure that
the great feeling for pan
expressed in the large
attendances at Panorama,
the enthusiastic reactions
of the people to the
music and the rivalry
between supporters of
different bands is trans-
lated into dollars and
cents for the sustenance
of the steelband?
That would take organ-
isation and planning and
a command of financial
and human resources.
None of which the pan-
men ever had to a suffi-
cient degree.
Clearly the panmen's
organisation hoped that
Pan Fever '76 would
provide the means tc
make great leap forward
into a full-time and
effective organisation to
service 'the needs of the


1 Getting drums tuned for additional pans
2 Locating or making provisions for tent
to practice.
3 Getting an arranger, if one there is no
resident Arranger
4 Reparing or building pan-stands
5 Getting players to supplement players lost
6 Training of recruits to panland
7 Assessing the capital resources that would be
needed to finance band
8 Getting score sheets of the various calypso
9 Rehearsal for the selection of Panorama
10 Selection of possible Panorama tune or tunes

The panmen have had
the benefit of assistance
from the Government
which agreed to under-
write the bills for security
and printing. Then the
Government approved the
secondment of fourpublic
servants who are Pan
Trinbago officials for
three' months to help
with the Carnival produc-
In addition, they have
secured technical assist-
ance from the manage-
ment Development Centre.
One of the things that
the Government has pro-
vided assistance for is a
60-page brochure printed
by the Government
Printer, entitled "Pan
The brochure carries a
foreword by Oscar Pyle,
a statement by Pan
Trinbago President Bertie
Fraser and a long feature
article by Dennis LeGendre
"Forty Days of Pan".
Explaining "why we
have done it in 1976",
Bertie Fraser describes
the strategy behind the
holding of Panorama
which is, he says, item
one on a "long list of
Enlarging on the signi-
ficance of the venture in
1976, he argues that it
represents another stage
in the continual process
of involvement of the
Community in steelband.
More people had
previously been brought
into the steelband by
increasing the size of the

11.- Arranger making adjustment to selection
12 Assessing performance of players
13 Getting wheels for stands and float
14 Painting of stands and pans
15 Blending of pans
16 Printing of jerseyes
17 Making investigations and representations
for conditions of panorama competition
18 Effective Public Relations and promotion
19 Impressing panyard followers at their
practice sessions
20 Ensuring that the pan players know the part

they have

band and by bringing pan
pushers into the fold.
What it was now pro-
posed to do was to
"involve other organised
groups in the community
in in other pan things."
Emphasising his theme
Fraser declares: "Pano-
rama is a show which is
based on community
effort, community organ-
isation,, anid community
participation. The wider
the concept of 'com-
munity', the greater the
success of Panorama."
Apart from this,
though, there is the sug-
gestion thatPan Trinbago
as the federal organisa-
tion of the nation's
steelbands, needs for its
own self confidence as
well as for public credi-
bility to have something
to show as an achieve-
Of course they need
to raise funds too. But
the hope of making
money though by no
means a less noble one
than that of involving
the community is not
the key motivation be-
hind Pan Fever'76.
The first charge on
any revenue derived will
naturally be for obtain-
ing suitable permanent
headquarters for Pan
Trinbago who for two
years have been housed
in a tumble-down old
building on Queen Street.
Then there remain to
be put into action the
old plans like the setting
up of a pan manufactur-

26a Raminar St. Morvant


Foundation to

Fix t ures

to play on their various instru-

ing centre and the provi-
sion of music instruction
for panmen.
The Dennis LeGendre
Article "Forty Days of
Pan" is a rare detailed
account of what putting
a steelband on the road
entails.. He lists 20
phases in the period
between December and
February as a band
increases from a "stage

side" of 20 or 30 to ,a
"road side" of 100 mem-
bers. (See box).
Referring to the hard
work involved and the
fact that 'the panman
normally gets little or no
financial return, LeGendre
hails these forty days as
"a cultural achievement
that means so much to
our nation."
It is a warmly written
piece which expresses the
writer's own passionate
involvement with pan.
Writing about the diffi-
culty in judging bands at
panorama, he pens the
"The crowd running
into thousands has got
its first taste of Pan
Fever for the year, they
are hearing tempo and as
the day, minutes and
hours roll by the Fever
grows hotter, the crowds
become harder to control,
for they are hypnotised
into a frenzy, we know
that the Carnival season
has started..."




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THE NEWS last week that "Piece ;
Cabinet voted S10,000 the Cal:
to the inter-American night. It
Emergency Aid Com- raises th
mittee for Assistance to Governr
Guatemala following the money
recent earthquake in' that distress
country fell right into the indiffer
garden of the Mighty at horn
Stalin. The
Stalin has been singing song ari
his tumultuously received the biea






ah de Action" at
ypso Revue each
is a calypso which
i question of the
nent sending
to relieve distant
while remaining
ent to suffering
lyrics of Stalin'is
. phrased as if to
t of a drum. and

the audience alwaysjoins
with him for the final
exclamation "Run Some-
(Singing Francine was
last Saturday booed in
San Fernando when she
sang a calypso calling for
a new constitution, a new
government. with Dr.
\Villiams as President!)
Observing that so much

of the petro-dollalr I .,.
been devoted ir Il.clpinr,-
out other ( .il''ji
countries and v-.r.d h
non-productive pubI.
utilities like \W \SA thi.
calypsonian giv,., '.pe,-
sion to the fefl e tlha
much of it .,uLd I'd .
better spent i Mr
Divider" were l.Jll', ciin-
cerned to relieve, li.ilh lllp
in the country.
The youth n':
faith that the indutirill-
isation projects J..:-C.. r.t.d
with oil and g.'. .,.,uil
"come on stream" n idth-
in any period of time
near enough to ensure
that they would get
piece of the action soon.
So they want action
that they could recognize
as aimed at doing some-
thing now.

This is the kind of
sentiment that calypson-
ians like Stalin and
Valentino have been
giving voice to over the
last few years.
Not surprisingly, they
have both been able to
put on successful shows
in the post-Carnival period
of 1975.
Valentino's show "Poet
and Proplhet" was put on
for several weeks in
different parts of the
collntry,. starting ill May
last year. Stalin's show
"Bla3ck Gods and Kings"

~ccerill hcr.

* V

on in earlv

It looks as i the\ are
going to stLrt earlier in
The weekend after
Carnival "Black Gods and
Kings" will have a re-rin
at QueCn's Ilall in Port-of-
Spai n.
On the programme will
be Stalin. of course.
singing. --amllong- others:
Piece al de action. The
Pan Gone. Martin Luther
King. De Ole Talk Ah
Cyah Take. Nothing is
strange. Wuh Yul Diggin.
New Portrait of Trinidad
and IBeat My\' Tune. There
will be Abdul Malik (the
laid Poet). Clh erl Byron.
and the Repertoryi Dance
Theater leid i\ Astor
.ohnl soln \ho \\ ill be
p)rolLducer of thle sllo\\.
NM ,ic \\ill be li\ I rends.
led bi\ 1 arl iRf od nc\l .

We go to any

length to do

our job!

We installed suspended ceilings on two of AMOCO'S
offshore production platforms over twenty miles out at sea some
time ago. It was a new experience for us, but it was all part'of
our job The Industrial and Building Products Division of
L. J. Williams Limited.
Apart from installing suspended ceilings, we also construct
S shop fronts and partitions for business places, install NACO
Louvre Windows and.custo'n ..built Roller Shutters, and apply the
ultra modern 'Flecto finish' to walls and floors.
Also, 'we supply Kwikset locks, Gibbons Ironmongery,
world-famous Evo-Stik 528 adhesive and Resin-W woodwork
.adhesi..e IbLbbo rd la3 iiiatei sheeting and Ibi Ace
Jecorat,,jre r:,lv.vood anrd Im'no
Ii %,e n.3.. .-3 Shr ',u would d use give us a call at 62 32866
-_ W e II g.:, t ,, n', o a gtn.o hI-lrr ,,ou

''-9..- 9~


Citizens Advice Bureau

Now Open

Tapia P.O.S Centre
Cipriani Boulevard Phone: 62-25241

--- -

""----.. -_


AS NO ONE tent contains all the professional calypsonians,
and The Professionals' certainly contains some non-profes-
sionals, the title chosen by Shorty, Wellington and Duke for
their new tent must suggest a goal the organizers aspire to,
or a method of approach, or just the way the three see
So you shouldn't have gone to the NUGFW Hall on
Frederick Street expecting a show that bears the stamp of
polished excellence. That is not easily come by, and in any
case what the Professionals and other tents reveal is that
standards are constantly changing.
Competition and the ideas the calypsonians pick up
while performing abroad and in non-calypso tent settings are
the reasons for this. So that now every tent has a heavy-
sounding orchestra two trumpets, two saxes, trombone,
electric organ or piano and must be able to afford top
musicians and, arrangers. The Regal has added violins and
African drums.
The OYB, the Calypso Revue and the Professionals
bring on dancing girls to surround their big stars. Fancy
lights and stage decor attempts are found at the Calypso
Theatre as well.
With five tents in Port-of-Spain, the
keen. This is undeniably a gloomy reflection on the ten-
dency to fragmentation. But an opportunity has neverthe-
less been provided to give
several unknowns "a play"
Thus making a vir-
tue ofnecessity, the Pro-
fessionals put on no fewer
than 26 singers in the
five weeks since the tent
opened on January 8 in
Skinner Park, San Fer-
nando. T h o u g h 22
appeared on the opening
night, however, only 18
were put on last week
Monday in Port-of-Spain. m o e g
Eight opening night
singers Underminer,
Prospector, Confuser,
Lord Casanova, Rajah,
Enticer, Contender and
Prince did not appear
on Monday.
And what helped to
And what helped to just gone down into the
stretch the show to just just gone down into the
under three hours was audience and pulled out
the four encores M.C. two girls one whibl
Gipsy gave himself for foreigner and a black
"The For-Cane Man" and Trinidadian to come
the five calypsoes Shorty up and bump with him.
sang in his 45 minutes or Sweatig under the
lights, Shorty rucaldly
so on stage. Wellington, lights, Shorty really
Calypso Twiggy, Eagle accepts a H!oliday Inn
Calypso Twiggy, Eagle towel from Ch eryl Byron
and The Cardinal are four towel from Ch ryl Byron
singers of last week ad ends the show w"I
Monday night who didn't Mweet a uscn ron
make the opening. "For Kim" and "Eee
The Professionals' P Kim and ee
have a more important Duke, the otherbig-
aim than to give exposure name with the Profes-
to up-and-coming calyp- signals, had been a
sonians. And that is tc
sonians. And that is tc foundation member of the
project the established.
talents of Sherty, Duke Regal. His drift away this
talents of Shorty, Duke y
and Wellington all of year probably reflects his
om are iilege to more secular outlook than
whom are privileged to that of the Regal's where
sing more than one song the emphasis has hardened
in a stand. into a prejudice against
"THE BOSS". "smut" and "road March"
Of these the Lord For Duke is singing
Shorty is clearly the out- about sex ("Baby, ease
standing one. The tent in on down"), about Carni-
fact showcases the organ- val jumping-up ("Gyurl,
isational and performing ,yuh wasting yuh waist")
talents of Southerner as well as about educa-
Garfield Blackman whose tion, calling for children
prospects began a sharp to be taught the truth
upward turn for the about Africa.
better in 1973 and who Other "serious"
even last year was only calypsoes at the Profes-
one of the lesser lights sional come from Eagle
in Sparrow's OYB tent. who, disguised in artifi-
"I am the boss!" cial grey beard, monastic
Shorty rhodestly declares cassock, sapats and hold-
to a heckler and the ing a shepherd's staff,
audience claps. He had delivers ajeremiad against



)fessionals: One

Iimpse into the

of kaiso tents

sexual perversions.
The Cardinal has the
questionable taste, to
dress like a pregnant
woman complete with
belly and sing in denuncia-
tion of abortion.
The iRoaring lion,
s5 iiil ol i '. t ie of the
good old tun ics,,, gets an
in flatitn i-r, audinc e
to agree that those days
are worth remembering
when the buying power
of the "ha' penny" was
supplemented by ever-
available freeness.


Brigo's is a fascinat-
ing portrayal of a con-
versation between two
women on othe subject of
whether or not there
should be a change of
The impersonations
of Jane and Josephine in
argument are done with
much of the typical
Brigo rolling of eyes and
other facial contortions
ending with the scream-
ingly comic strut of a
woman who has said her
piece and is leaving.
And then there is
Count Robin, one of tlhe
ten t's proud imports from
New York. Count Robin
is able to convey a terrify-
ing sense of anger and
outrage with his stentorian

"My country is me,"
he sings in his condemna-
tion of Sparrow for
cussing last year, and the
good reception his song
has had suggests. d isturb-
ingly. that he is speuaki ng
lor T rinidadianis.
In San Fern ando he
was encored sever: cc ;
lor a song dialpresencres
a series of colourfully
vicious penalties for
Sparrow whose offence is
declared to' be an abuse
of Trinidad's hospitality.
Bull pistle, cat-o'-
nine, castration, pepper
sauce and acid dousing
compared to these jail
in Carrera or deportation
seem mild punishments
just for cussing off a
The Count Robin
ultra-nationalism ("no
foreigner coming here to
cuss we") might have to
do with the fact that he
lives abroad, a kind of
situation that makes many
exiles jealous about
national pride.
But he seems to
betray where he's coming
from When he ends with
the line: "You ever see
yuh boss Kitchener dis-
play that kind of
behavio r. .
Other remarkable
performances in the Pro-
lessionals' programme are


those of Tranquil and
Calypso Twiggy. Tranquil's
is one of those perfor-
mances in which, as
Errol Hill has said, the
lyrics are inextricable'
from the mime and
drama of the presenta-
Tranquil's wicked
leer as he glories in his
ability to gratify himself
without the aid of women
just defies adequate des-
Calypso Twiggy has
the makings of a good
female comic, a rare
sight here.
Spoofing her own
twigginess of physique
and the beauty contest
thing, she slips off her
evening gown onstage to
display herself in an
unrevealing swimsuit. She
has ;assurance, if not
enough deftness yet.


The Professionals
contribute another part
of the vision of what the
calypso tent of the future
will be.
One of the problems
has been the cheerless-
ness of the rented halls,
and the Professionals
have gone some way by
redesigning the stage and
placing the band on a
three-level structure made
up to look like a mossy,
seaside rock facade.
Then there is the
poetry of Cheryl Byron.
As a novelty her first
poem has been successful,
but you would like
another poem to be tried.
Still the point has
been made. The calypso
tent could well become
one of a kind of Carnival
shows a cabaret extra-
vaganza, featuring song,
music, song, dance,
poetry, drama and lots
of female skin. (L.G.)






first of all thank all
those of you who expres-
sed concern for my
safety in the predicament
of which I told you last
Let me assure you that
all is well now.
I have been to see one
of the best obeahmen in
Guyana and paid most
of my savings for him to
mount my whole blasted
I want to see which
assassin could touch me
If you think that that
is not sufficient protec-
tion let me say that I
have absolutely no
For while I was down
in Amerindian country
visiting the obeahman or,
as they say down there,
the buck, we fell to talk-
ing about the political
situation in the West
Indies generally.
Now to be quite
honest, I was somewhat
surprised to find that an
obeahman was interested
in politics. It just did not
seem to be an area which
would interest an obeah-
High finance and Econ-
omics would seem to be
more their thing.
But the man informed
me that. the political
situation in the Carib-
bean was very relevant to
his profession.
And then he told me
what was a very interest-
ing piece of information.
He revealed that some of
his best-paying and most
regular clients were the
politicians not only in


Eastern Main Rd., Laventtlle
(Near to Trotman street)
Galvanise, Cement,
Blocks, Tiles,
etc, etc.

Ir. __
I o

And so





Guyana but throughout
the Caribbean.
It appears that at some
time or the other in the
careers all the top politi-
cians in the West Indies
have made the trip to
Guyana to secure his
As a matter of fact, he
told me that the last
politician who had come
to him about two months
ago was the opposition
Leader in a country which
would have elections very
shortly and that the man
had paid a very large,
sum for a victory.

He would not call any
names and at the time I
was not aware of which
Island was about to have
an election. Well, as we
all know now, there has
been an election in one
of the islands and the
opposition won con-
And Friends I swear
blind the obeahman tell
me this the week before
the elections take place
in Antigua.
So you see I am very


impressed. So since then
I have been trying to
remember all the bits of
information that the
obeahman was giving me
while he was mounting
me. (This English is a
funny language.)
One thing which I
remember him saying
very clearly was that the
only West-Indian politi-
cian who had not visited
him was Eric Gairy from
In fact, the obeahman
was very hostile to
Gairy. He said that as far
as he was concerned

Gairy was nothing but a
bungling amateur who
was only giving the obeah
profession a bad name.
Well, friends, I just
could not resist the temp-
tation to ask the man
two important questions.
The first question' of
course was whether our
own beloved Doctor had
ever been to see him.
He said yes but he
would not tell me just
how long ago his last
visit had been.
In fact, at this point
all I could remember is
that the buck kept mut-
tering something about
he was no blasted project
worker. And he was not
prepared for anybody to
hire him five years in and
five years out.
The next question he
answered right away. I
could still recall how his
eyes lit up when I asked
him if anybody from
Tapia had ever been to
see him.
He said that Tapia had
not approached him yet
.but he was not worried.
Sooner or later they
would be knocking on
his door.
When they did, he
said, he had already
prepared some "uncon-
ventional obeah" f o r

Our printing-plant is open at
The Tapia House 82-84 St. Vincent
Street, Tunapuna.
Kindly phone orders to: 662-5126.


-- -, ----- ---. 1 -1





62 Queen St P O.S.

the place where thrifty people shop






Report is

cold water

From Page 2
ed standing Committees
of the House of Repre-
sentatives empowered to
call on Minister and
Senior public servants to
give an account of their
stewardship. This system
operates effectively in
the United States where
powerful Committees of
Congress were instru-
mental in breaking Nixon
and are now engaged on
the post-Watergate clean-
up involving such govern-
ment agencies as the CIA
and the FBI.
big maco Senate which
brings into the decision-
making process the
opinion of a wide cross
section of the public. For
the same reason that the
Government has seen fit
to call National Consulta-
tions on Education, Agri-
culture Petroleum and
other issues, we need now
to make the involvement
of the people a perma-
nent feature of 0our
political life. But the
initiative must lie with
the people,. not with the
ruling party.
is to put the powers of
appointment over such
watchdogs over the Exe-
cutive as the Auditor
General into the hands of
this large non-partisan
Senate. The Senate should
also appoint the Election
and Boundaries Com-
,missions so that fairplay
is guaranteed whether we
use PR or first past the
post, voting machines or
ballot boxes and should
supervise the State's
interest in the media. The
Senate should have the
power of veto over Prime
Ministerial appointments
to offices of a national
character such as Chief
Justice and the Service
Commissions, so as to
enhance the independence
of such: individuals in the
public mind.
Constitutional Court which
allows the citizen to
challenge any piece of
legislation without having
to break it.
strong local government
to put power into the
hands of the citizen in
his community and to
involve large numbers of
people in the running of
their own lives.
Now that the Joint

Select Committee has
failed to answer these
demands, the battle lines
of the new Republic are
drawn. The issue is, as it
has always been, popular
sovereignty versus Execu-
tive privilege; participa-
tion vs. management;
little people vs. the little
And the battle will
continue waged not
only over the content of
constitution Reform, but
also over the method and
the timing. As always,
Tapia says: Let the voice
of the people be heard;
let the people decide.
That is now, more than
ever, the political impera-

From Page 1
chicken meat on the
market last year July.
Then landed costs of
imported feed-stocks,
medicinal supplies and
hatching eggs increased
the production costs.
Government, claimed
poultry producers, have
been pussy-footing on
representations made
through the Ministry of
Industry and Commerce
to have the wholesale
price of chicken adjusted
to take account of
increased costs to the
At present poultry
farmers must sell at $1.24
per pound.
Now with the rise in
costs and the shortfall in
supplies in respect of
current demand, it is
likely that whatever
chicken manages to come
on to the market, for
Carnival or after will be
retailed at black market
Already reports indi-
cate that in Penal whole-
sale prices are moving
Meantime Mr. Ahi
warned that wholesalers
are likely to raise their
prices far above the sti-
pulated $1.24 per pound.
It is this which will
possibly lead the house-
wife to buy saltfish
Saltfish which now re-
tails at 2.34 (Bajan) and
2.60 per pound and may-
be fresh fish, could
become the cheapest
source of protein for a
long time.





1. Sat. March 6,1976








Mus i


C. CZand

e AfoPPy


P. Douglas



2. Sun. March7,1976






Angela Cropper Beau Tewarie

Lloyd Best