Material Information

Place of Publication:
Tapia House Pub. Co.
Creation Date:
August 11, 1974
completely irregular
Physical Description:
no. : illus. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note:
Includes supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Tapia House Pub. Co.. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
000329131 ( ALEPH )
03123637 ( OCLC )
ABV8695 ( NOTIS )

Full Text
162 EAST JOlK AUGUST 11, 1974
NEW YORK 21, N. X,
A C 22 74

Vol. 4 No. 32

Lloyd Best

TAPIA secretMy, Uoyd
Best, is scheduled to leave
Trinidad on Saturday,
August 10, for Hungary
vhJNre he will attend the
Fourth World Congress
of Economists.
The Congress is being
held in Budapest from August
19 to 24 under the auspices
of the International Econ-
omics Association.
Theme of the week is
Economic Integrtion: Wodrd
wide, regional and Sectoral

StAugust ine

MITTEE of Tapia National
will be holding an Indepen-
dence fete at the home of
Dennis and Sheila Solomon,
Circular Road St Augustine
on August 31st. Independence
Details of this will be
announced next week.

Dg Metin

Diego Martin will be holding
an Independence fete on
August 30th. 1974.
This is an attempt by
the Deigo Martin group to
help the furid-raising com-
munity in itsefforts to bolster
the financial position of
Tapia National.
Admission will be $1.50
payable at the door. The
Venue will be announced in
next week's paper.





WHILE the schemers in
the world of political
publicity were making
their mischief in the
morning papers, the
Tapia Movement strides
confidetly forward to
a change of government
and the' fall of the old
In anticipation of
the coming fall of con-
ventional politics in all
itsguises, the Council of
Representatives last
Monday ratified an
Executive proposal to
open Headquarters in
Port-of-Spain and called '
on Tapia people to
prepare for the final
The Council decided
to convene a Tapia General
Assembly in two sittings at
the end of September. Aim
of the Assembly is to draw
together all the elements of
the six-year-old Tapia Com-
munity -Movement into a
'nationwide p oli t ic al
It will discuss strategies
and tactics for the coming
political campaign.- In recent
weeks the Tapia caravan has
been touring the country

with a response worthy of
the years of patient building.
For the first time, the
proposed Assembly of Tapia
people is to convene one
sitting in Port-of-Spain at a
time and place to be an-
nounced. The Asembly will
be the sixth in a series of
plenary meetings called
since September 1973.
A year ago, Secretary,
loyd Best told members
and friends assembled at the
Tapia House that Tapia was
ready to move to the centre
of the stage. "Let the cocks
stand up," he urged, "and
blow like bugles, ring the
bell and call the people, we
are not going to have a
second chance."


Last Monday, the
Secretary warned Council
members ,that a plot was
afoot to assassinate Tapia
precisely because we have
survived to fight the ultimate
battle of the February Revo-
We have been growing
relentlessly he said, and
putting down deep roots
while politically aligned
Iconfusion-makers in jouma-
listic clothes were sur-
reptitiously attempting to


make politics out of declara-
tions and distortions in the
daily papers. V-
In its deliberations on
the state of the politics, the
Council decided that Tapia
should not join in the
sensational announcements
and the conventional
politics of pulling down
other parties.
We should, however,
intensify our own educa-
tional propaganda, maintain
our original ideals andpersist
with our programme of
hard work and our grass-
roots building all over the
local areas.
It was decided that
Tapia should detail our
programmes of national
reconstruction and cultural
revival and present them
to the country in summary
The next meeting of
the Council on September
8th. is to discuss a Draft
Manifesto based on the
booklets Power to the
People and Tapia's New


The Manifesto is to
go before the Assembly on
September 22 and 29. Also
to be considered then are
proposals from the National
Executive for the refurbish-
ing of the machinery of
State under a Tapia Govern-
Special attention is to
be paid o the reorganisa-
tion of the Public Service,
the Public Corporations,the
Statutory Bodies and the
Local Government Councils.
S The main issue is to
be the role of the Cabinet
in the system after constutu-
tion reform.
Papers are to focus on
the co-ordination of the
various branches of the
public administration with
regard to the implementa-
tion of individual projects
and long-term plans and
,in respect to accountability
for government spending.



Page 8.


25 Cents

Trinidad Oil

and the

Energy Crisis

Page 3.


PART II Pages 6, 7.






TAPIA recently held an
indoor meeting at the San
Fernando Town Hall. A large
crowd listened to Tapia
Campaign Manager Michael
Harris speak on "The Con-
stution Crisis."
Michael Harris pointed
out that the present parlia-
ment was 'illigitimate" as
distinct from being legalal.
As such, he emphasised, the
country would not accept
the presentparliament as final
arbiter of constitution reform.
A lively discussion fol-
lowed Harris' speech when
Michael Harris, Lloyd Best,
and Allan Harris who chaired
the meeting, answered
questions posed by members
of the audience.


held a public meeting under
.the Co-operative Super-
market in Sangre Grande.
Main speakers for the
evening were BunitifJoseph,
..,.1oyd Best and Campaign
Manager, Michael Harrs.
The meeting started
at about 6 p.m., with a
small group growing to a
substantial crowd as the
night passed on.
Many people, dis-
appointed a week earlier,
because of a technical
failure, got their chance to
hear the finest group of
political speakers in the
country on some of the
pressing issues.
The Tapia platfrom
was Iwell received by.
citizens of Sangre Grande.


TAPIA will hold the first oft
series of public meetings
planned for Diego Martin on
August 14.
This meeting will take
place at Union, Diego Martin
at 7 p.m.
indoor meetings Tapia will
be in full force at St. John's
Hall, Diego Martin on August
21st. 1974.
The discussion will
focus on the Constitution




Pages 9, 10.


Allan Ha'ris

in Trinidad and Tobago,
dominated now as in the
past by metropolitan
interests, has long been a
target of attack from
radical quarters. In 1970
the banks came in for
early attention from
Black Power agitators.
Yet, by contrast,
bank employees have
been among the most
quiescent of workers in
the country. Recent re-
ports, however, would
seem to indicate that
bank workers may be
los:;- their traditional
Workers at the Central
Bank have been taking pro-
test action to goad their
management into conceding
cost-of-living allowances to
them. This particular set of
bank employees may be seen
as straddling the boundary
between the traditionally
private world of banking and
the more public sphere in
which civil servants operate.
The situation at the
Bank of Nova Scotia Trinidad
& Tobago Ltd., however, is
one where there seems to be
growing management-worker
conflict in the hitherto
genteel, not to say bland.
atmosphere of private coin-
mercial banking.


It would be foolhardy
to make too much of these
incidents. The problems at
the Bank of Nova Scotia seem
:o be tied in with certain
irregularities which are re-
ported to be under police

investigation. It may also be
lie case that, as. one of (lie
newer banks, which hi,s
undergone rapid expansion in
recent years, more than usual
organisational frictions have
been generated.
The case of the Central
Bank workers is more in-
structive. Inflation affects all
wage-earners, and it is not
unreasonable to see this
factor as one which may
contribute to increasing
militancy from even the staid
bank workers of yore.
Among other factors to
be. noted is the recent
emergence of a Bank Workers'
Trade Union. The prime
movers in this undertaking
appear to be Michael Als.anid
Kathryn Williams formerlyy
Beryl Drakesi.) both well
known in different circum-
Als has been associated
with the San Fernando-based
Young Power Movement
which seems in recent times
to have takedi the name of
Youthi Forces.'arid Working
Class Movement,'and to have
adopted a Marxist-oriented
ideological stare-.
Williams. It riru' a
political j.ll\l has' ceen
involved in Union affairs be-
fore, with the Non-Academic
Staff Association at U.W.I.,
and recently. with the
Council of Progressive Trade
The most striking ailing
about the participation of
these two individuals in a
Bank Workers' Trade Union
is, of course, that th,:i. a.pp.r:,
to have had no ..nlliie. inl
with banking in the past.
There may be very good
reasons for this, but 'one
suspects that bank emph~yee!'
.may well be reluctant to com-
mit themselves to the Union

until they are satisfied as to
the intentions of the or-
One of the reasons for
"outsiders" coming in to or-,
ganise a Bank Workers' Union'
may be the customary
hostility of Bank manage-
ments in Trinidad and Tobago
to tle unionisation of their


The vulnerability of
bank employees to all kinds
of victimisation by manage-
ment is certainly a formidable
brake on the development of
self-organised workers' as-
Yet there have been
more subtle factors at play;
banking has traditionally
been a prestige occupation
and in addition to white-
collar distaste for union
participation, there is the
complication that the white
and off white strata from
which Banks deliberately drew
the vast majority of their
employs in tlhe p:!st wou!d
liave tended to view Trade
Union akitivity as more
appropriate. for the black
lower social and economic
orders ofsociety.
While there have been
marked l changes in. hiring
practices (only partially a
consequence of belated Gov-
ernmental pressure such as the
1969 Cbmmission of Enquiry
into hiring practices in the
Financial Sector) yet the
change of faces has not
entirely eliminated the old
Whatever the eventual
-success of the new Union in
attracting the support of tlhe
workers, it is clear that
developments in tie Banking
.systcin and in th widerl

B K,




world will prompt changes in
the attitudes and behaviour
of management and
In recent times-labour.
agitation has focused in
creasingly on so-called "non-
economic" issues. Especially
in the proliferating State-
owned enterprises, workers
have been groping toward a
new definition of their re-
lationship with management.:
It has happened at Orange
Grove, Caroni and within the
past few weeks, even more
dramatically at the Telephone
In this latter case,
ignoring the alleged in-fighting
between PNM factions, the
issues that emerged, even if
simplicity, were those of
equity and trust.
The workers' an-
tagonism to Nunez seemed to.
be based, in part at least, on
the fact that at his age, having
already held down top-level
jobs in Government and at
Shell, he should now move
into another top-level job at
And while one does not .
wish at this time to decide
either for this argument or for
thecounterproposal that the
country needs to retain and
use its talents wherever found,
one did sense on the part of
the workers hostility to a
situation where it appeared
to them that to those who
have shall more be added.
There also seemed to
be suspicion among the
workers that the hiring of
Nunez was an act of
croneyism, which, coming
after all the inquiries and
revelations at Telco, could
only have served to exacerbate
deep-seated mistrust of

At the bottom of it all,
of course, there could be the
latent feeling among workers
that they should have some
say in the operation of what
is, after all, their (along with
all other citizens') property.
On the question of trust
and workers' participation,
what emerged as an equally
significant development was
the challenge posed to the
Union leadership. At one
stage, some workers openly
accused C.W. U. Secretary-
General Carl Tull of playing
political games, and expressed
down rigllt dissatisfaction
with what they felt to be a
cook-up settlement arrived at
by the Union Executive.
One is reminded of the

Wednesday A ugust 21

Tapia Meeting


Jil lI,\ll.L //..RRi.S
The RevolI limon;ry Crisis

SYI I .()\ \ A"! '
The Politics, of
( 'o stititlion;il Refor~mm

.li.]., .\", /1I. H AR/, i
Ili lfirst i\l\ l\ i
(Iof a lap)ia ((, rulo n ni.'ll

St Johns Parish Hall Diego Martin


i ~

-C '---


fate of Rampartapsingh and
the All-Trinidad Sugar Estates
and Factory Workers' Union
in the Caroni dispute. Such
developments raise t h e
question of what new
pressures are going to be
generatedin a situation where
large numbers of workers are,
employed in State-owned
enterprises and look for a;
new dispensation in manage-
ment-worker relationships.
For those of us who are
looking ahead to an economic
system where workers will be I
involved in the ownership and
control of economic enter-
prise in a much more direct'
and pervasive way, the
question is not at all


Nor is the related
question of the kind of Union;
structure that would be
appropriate in such a setting.
Whether the leadership
of the Bank Workers' Trade
Union has posed such
questions is not known. Bank
workers may wish to know'
what their ideas are on the
evolution of the banking
system and the role ofworkers
in it.
As has already been'
noted, the political antece-
dents of the leaders may
prove a stumbling block and
the workers might well query
whether this is only another,
if round-about., attack on the.
stranglehold ofmetropolitian
interests on the banking
Which is not to say that
political activists have not
been accepted by workers for
their bargaining skills if not
for their politics. But this
hardly makes for participa-
tory trade union democracy.
The arrival on the bank-
ing scene of such indigenous
institutions as the Workers'
Bank and the National Com-
mercial Bank, together with
the spurious localisation moves
by the metropolitan branch
banks, have been other de-
velopments helping to shape
the new consciousness of
bank workers.
It is to be hoped that
whatever leadership emerges
among bank workers will seek
to strengthen these stirring
of consciousness which provide
the only guarantee against
the twin evils of a parasitic
labour aristocracy and
Doctor Unionism.

7.30 pm


Trinidad Oil and the


Haven Allahar

ON an international level,
the energy crisis might
be more accurately view-
ed as a major political
power-play by the giant
energy corporations
which are in the main
American owned. These
corporations did not
view too kindly the rise
in the bargaining power
of oil producing
countries, now maturing
as nations, in the forma-
tion of the Organisation
of Petroleum Exporting
Countries kOPEC).
Thus more an energy
'",are' and less a crisis can be
said to have been created.
Within the industrialized
countries, this scare serve
three main purposes.


Firstly, it provided a
.means to counterattack the
ecology movement which
was growing in strength
demanding conservation
Measures thus threatening
Secondly, it served as a
justification for increasing
prices and consequently
Thirdly, it provides the
basis for a more interven-
tionist policy on the part of
the U.S. government on
behalf of the oil companies.
The problein in the
U.S. has not been a crude
oil shortage, but a shortage
of refining capacity. There
have been no new refineries
built in the U.S. while the
demand for refined products
gas and heating oil has
grown considerably.'
What is clearly evident
is that, energy crisis or no,
there has been no profits
crisis for the oil companies
since profits after tax rose
by 45% in 1973 over 1972.
(Survey of Current Business
Department of Commerce,
Washington). As a result of
the activities of ecology
groups and the demands of
OPEC, a strategy of allowing
a predictable shortage was
This strategy both raises
profits in the short-run and
enhances the oil companies'
long-run power position. This
is achieved through: (a)
weakening support for en-


vironmental protection, (b)
helping to bankrupt smaller
competitors, and (c) preparing
the Western World for future
struggles against Middle-
Eastern governments.
The above notwith-
standing, there does exist a
potential long-run crisis. This
can be seen from a considera-
tion of two aspects; the
sources of energy and the
needs for energy.


As a source, nuclear
power and solar energy offer
great possibilities, even if
'fossil fuels run out within the
next century. However, the
problem hinges around
further technological innova-
tions which would permit the
practical use of these sources.
As far as energy needs
are concerned, the world
citizenry would have to
consider the effects of the
level of North American con-
sumption as well as the needs
of poorer countries if global
standards of living are to be
As regards the oil
producing countries banded
together in OPEC, even their
position is not uniform.
Since OPEC's establish-
.ment, the oil cartel has relied
heavily on the pro-
imperialist regimes of Iran,
Saudi Arabia, and the Arab
Gulf Shiekdoms, in the hope
that the efforts of the less
subservient members such as
Algeria, Iraq, and especially
Libya, could be sabotaged.


In accord with this,
production has been increased
both in Iran and Saudi Arabia,
In fact under a May 1972
contract with Western oil
companies, the Shah of Iran
agreed to boost production
by at least 10% per year
until 1994, and Saudi Arabia
agreed similarly in October
9 1972.
A genuine oil shortage
represented by excess demand
over supply, has not arrived
but any actual shortage must
be viewed as a result of
deliberate policies in oil
production, refining, and
The oil companies are
clearly engaged in a major
change in corporate strategy
made necessary by certain
events which indicated a
decline in exerciseable U.S.


As long as they can
maintain a near monopoly on
oil production, the principal
oil companies would certainly
'avour thelpresent strategy of
making super profits at that
level, while accepting lower
profits at the levels of re-
fining, distribution, and
sale of products.
The implications of
the above for countries like
Trinidad and Tobago are
very grave. While the eco-
logy movement has proven
a hindrance in the big coun-
tries, the hemispherical
plans of the oil companies
are little disturbed.
Additional refining
m g -

not black power, black gold

facilities will simply be
planned for Nova Scotia and
the Caribbean where mater-
ials, taxes, land, and labour
are cheaper, and official ig-
norance is greater.
Already there are tele-
vision advertisements by
Texaco in North America
showing the desulphuriza-
tion plant at Pointe a Pierre
and stating, "Texaco is
working hard in Trinidad
to clean up America's air".
What then is to be
expected from the oil com-
panies with respect to the
Caribbean. Indications of
this can be had from the
many plans to build "super-
ports" large refining com-
plexes with deep water port
There are such plans
for Trinidad, and such a
facility is under construct-
ion in Puerto Rico. Attem-
pts to construct similar fa-
cilities off the New Jersey
and Delaware coasts in the
U.S. were blocked by the
state governments. However,

in Puerto Rico the com-
panies were given a freer
The project is expec-
tedto include the develop-
ment of extensive refining
capacity and eventually an
entire petrochemical and
related industrial complex.
A project of this sort
will completely dominate
the Puerto Rican economy,
as it will Trinidad's, to the
detriment of other economic
activities especially agri-
culture and fisheries.
This type of situation
is one example of the way
in which the oil companies
will deal with the energy
problems in the coming
In Trinidad we are
witnessing a mad rush to
negotiate ucais tor ,tte es-
tablishment of additional
refinery capacity, petro-

-- ^

chemical plants, and other
related industries. However,
we have been presented
with no comprehensive
strategy outlining how we
should proceed in the re-
maining years of the decade.
It seems that we are.
willing to entertain anyone
who will risk his capital
since it has been implied
that we have to stand in line
for loans because of our
smallness and wealk bargain
ing position. A certain at-

mosphere of urgency pre-
vails in some sectors as if it
were now or never.
In all this haste the
general public has been ex-
cluded from the decision
making process. No groups
or individuals have been
invited to publicly state
their views on an appro-
priate oil strategy.
Certain people who
consider it part of their
jobs have made statements,
e.g. the oil union leader, but
widespread feelings have not
been made known, and the
oil companies have been
especially silent.
The major question at
the moment is whether
Trinidad should enlarge its
oil sector by (1) increasing
production of crude oil, (2)
constructing more refiner-
ies, (3) building related
plants eg. petrochemical,
ENG, etc.
With regard to the in-
crease in production, two
divergent views have been
expressed both of which

reveal completely opposite
assumptions as to our ability
to plan our affairs.
The first view is that
of the Prime Minister who
in an interview with Mr.
Babb of the Guardian,
stated, "Not everybody is
going to reduce the supply,
for POOR, LITTLE Trini-
dad doesn't have any supply
to reduce anyhow!"

Cont'd. On Back Page





lb 41 IT~I ii

Lloyd Taylor

ANOTHER p e r s o n.
nonderscript to the large
mass of citizens of this
country, died last week
Friday in the arms of hei
lover under conditions
that warrant our general
She is Lynette
Patrick of Upper Parshley
Street, Laventille, who
took-in suddenly as it
were. The Monday night
she entered hospital she
was screaming from leg
pains, and in between all
this kept up with shouts
for "Nurse, Nurse," then
"Doctor, Doctor!"
Four days after admit-
tance what to a nonchalant
professional, hardened by
training and experience to
the sight of death and pain,
appeared as unnecessary
febrility proved to be a deadly
serious affair. As it turned
out the 32-year-old Miss
Patrick was dead by the
-vening of the fifth day.

By thenofcourseit was
far too late for her lover to
heed the advice of other
patients who, convinced
about the severity of her case
by several 'bad nights,' re-
commended the spending of
little bread on private hospi-


But the medic had as-
sured him that everything
would be alright. But even
though the non-committal
nurse did not give him the
first report until some three
days after Lynette's admit-
tance, and even allowing for
his suspicions, how on .earth
could he expect the very
On the Tuesday evening
when Otto visited her he
learnt that no medication had
as yet beenadministeredto he
although she did feel a little
The next day however
she did not talk at all, and
Otto's fears began to mount.
So, overtaken by anxiety, he
visitedher twice on Thursday,
only to discover that life-

water was being administer-
The day after, the signs
became more and more
ominous She was still breath-.
ing Otto noticed; but this
time in pants, and with the
assistance of oxygen tanks.
And then that afternoon she...
"...But Doctor thouglit
you..." Otto managed to
utter on the arrival of the
medic who pronounced her
dead. "Look," pointed out
the doctor, as he turned to
an item of neuter gender and
thumbed the lifeless pages
which contained Lynette's
case history.
Otto was obviously too.
disturbed to make any sense
of what he was being shown.
And absurd as the whole thing
seems the doctor felt that he
was doing the best he could'
to allay Otto's fears about a
case that pointed to apparent

While the cause or
causes of death would be
made no secret to the
bereaved the big question still
unansweredis this: Would the
consequences have been the

same had she been hospitalis-
ed privately? Or in other
words just why is 'Basil' al-
lowed to roam the corridors
of the Port-of-Spain General
Hospital seeking out victims?
The answers are
definitely not simple. But
this much remains extant.
That in the mind of the
general public, public health
facilities nationwide and the
General Hospital in particular
have an increasingly bad


Over the years a
gifttfeally bewildered public
'has1'.been visited by divers
disEases ranging from polio
to typhoid. To secure beds
at the hospital, payment
of 'bed-money' a
known fact, and perhaps the
acme of corruption in health,
has repeatedly been treated
as mere cavilling by the
When it is not this,
questions about the general
inadequacy of hospital
facilities are raised. Like when
the girl make the baby on
the steps of Arima hospital.
In El Dorado, Tacarigua is
toute bagai. Built since I
don't know when, there
stands, like the house of
Dracula, an outdated structure
that testifies to the persistence
of colonial conditions and
.demonstrates vividly the
extent of governmental
neglect of, and contempt for,
the people.
Doctors, nurses, and
health administrators have
had (some are still having)
their grouses too. Some want
more money. Recently cooks
struck for better working
conditions. Nurses have com-
plained that most nights they
serve duty on empty
stomachs. Student nurses
have complained about the
dire staff shortage, especially
on night duties.
Most times, they have
claimed, inadequately staf-
fed wards are looked over by
them. Unqualified and un-

trained to administer
dangerous drugs student*
nurses have to scout the wards
in search of a fully-fledged
nuisc. ihe consequences of
this factor for heart patients
have been particularly deadly
,runs the report.
And the administrators
locked within the stench of a
totally unhealthy atmosphere
just sit powerless in the face
of these criticisms.
S No,' we know, reports
have it mhat Up to a few
weeks ago the Ministry of
Health's budget for the first
quarter of 1974 had not been
approved by the Ministry of
Planning and Development.
So that's the story, the
inevitable tale of inefficiency
that unfolds especially when
everything development,
water, roads, and road main-
tenance, agriculture, oil and
oil is a priority all at once.
Yes, someone said George
But who is to pay the
cake? Obviously the same
small man the little-people
lovers wanted to be huddled
in a mini-stadium for sports
and bacchanal, to climb on
one another's backs-bumper
to bumper fashion and to
bum in their own heat. Like
:is more epidemic they want!
So by the time one
peers through all these probi
lems, throughthe petty and
legitimate grouses, one might
think it a miracle that we
find patients alive at all. As
one trainee nurse confessed
all this is unfair to the patient
and to the doctor. If is all
damn unfair to the country
in fact. Taxes are being paid
in vain. It is clear that we
must begin from scratch.
Otto, broken in spirit, a most bitter man. He
senses that the preservation
of life is essential to the
preservation of civilisation.
Above all he knows that the
zealous Dr. Kildarehe views on
TIT is a far cry from the
Charlotte Street hospital.
Something is fundamentally



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I enclose $ ......... .as per rates listed below

T&T............ $12.00 TT
CARIFTA........ 18.00 WI
CARIBBEAN...... 12.50 US
US/CANADA...... 15.00 US
UK.............. 8.00 UK
W.EUROPE...... 10.00 UK
WEST AFRICA..... 12.00 UK
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AUSITRALIA. ..... 12.00 UK
EAST AFRICA .... 15.00 UK
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All overseas deliveries airmai'.
Surface mail rates on request.

RETURN TO: Tapia House Publishing Co. Ltd.,
91 T':n2puna Rd. Tunapuna, Phone: 662 5126.
Trini;dad and Tohago.




THE problems of La Brea
are unique only in degree.
Like all other parts of
the country we suffer a
high level-of unemploy-
ment as well as under-
employment, because a
number of our young
people roll barrels in
Despite having the
b e s t road-building
material in the world, we
have thej worst roads in
the country, if not in the
entire world.
This area of some
20,000 people has no D.M.O.
or resident doctor, no drug-
store, and a woefully in-
adequate heatu centre
service. If yuh wife buss yuh
head here one night you have
to go to Point or San F'do. to
get it stitch!
Sanitation and garbage
collection is something else!
Main drains and canals remain
clogged with rubbish, bottles,
stones even dead dogs for
S months.
Garden cuttings remain

on the rubbish bins for long
periods and stray dogs have a
wonderful time in a few
private and public litter bins
scattered here and there.
When the rubbish truck does
come it is some old dinky
onto which the stuff is thrown
in such a slovenlvy manner
that half gets in and half is
left on the ground. And of

would take a week and public
utilities such as electricity,
transport and telephone are
.just as bad. In fact the way
it hard to get a long distance
call to La Brea or Point you
would tink we in Venezuela.
Beset by these problems
the people of La Brea have
become a very meek and
docile lot. For an area which

La Brea is one of the
few areas in this country that
N.J.A.C. & Black Power had
little effect on, of course, a
few brothers marched but
there was no time for.
genuine commitment to
N.J.A.C's ideas, no true ad-
hernts of Black Power.
We all know why this
is so. Political activity of

~s a IR -aa ---I I ,- I ~LI- '---


te t of a speech given by
Arnold Hood
Chairman of Tapia La Brea
the half that gets in only a
little remains since most of it
falls off the open trailer back
onto the street as the truck
moves on.
We have a library but
no library service as the books
are largely ofornamental value
since they. are so out of
touch, so irrelevant to our
society and our level of de-
To detail the horrorswe
get from water shortage

was a centre of political up-
heaval, an area which was a
favourite stomping ground of
Butler in rus time. La Brea
is depressingly quiet and
The average person in
this area is quite ignorant of
political and social develop-
ments of the day in this
country. You seldom, if ever,
get animated discussion on
tie blocks on matters such as
the Constitution Crisis, the
upheaval in sugar, the events
in Grenada, .although three-
quarters of us are direct
descendants of Grenadians.



/S Sepens

any kind has always been
centred in the urban areas.
P.O.S. principally. The
average rural resident there-
fore hardly sees his relation to
or his involvement in such a
process. The rural citizen in
particular has had no history
of political involvement. He
has only been exposed to
electioneering and a very
mindless type at that..
In 1971, when Dr. Wil-
liams came here to speak
on behalf of the PNM Candi-
date for La Brea. A.C. Alexis
long-deceased (politically that
is), here is what he told the
people: "When you go to the
polls vote for A.C. Alexis.
Alexander Chamberlin Alexis
that is name father!" and the
sycophants clapped in
appreciation of these pearls of
wid wisdom!
This is the type of
mindlessness, the sort of
trivia, the kind of bullshit
we've been served up in the
name of politics!
There is an air of
despair, defeatism, loss
throughout La Brea. There is
rank pessimism at every level
of our community. We have
inherited our full share of
the colonial legacy of im-
potence and diffidence.
This manifests itself in
two ways: Firstly, we at-
tempt very little in this area
so that for a community of
some 20,000 people we have
no drug-store, no laundry, no
cultural activity, not even a
properly-run youth group or
sporting club in short no
true community .life.
Secondly, we perpetually dis-
courage any attempt at some-
thing concrete, something
constructive. "Wha all yuh
trying' dey? Dat couldn't even
make? Dem boys on --
the block, me ent putting a
cent in nutten them have.
Dem eh good, they can't make
They only good to smoke
weed, idle whole day and
cause they poor parents
trouble. Dey wouldn't even
look for wuk."


Yes, that is the first
reaction: gloom, despair,
can't make. A brother on the
block calls them "gloonists."
La Brea has thousands of
But don't despair;
there is still hope. Tapia is
now in La Brea. On Sunday
3rd. March 1974, a true
"Sun-"day, Tapia La Brea
was inaugurated in what I
personally described as an
historic occasion at the
O.W.T.U. Hall New Lands.
Like All Tapia groups it
was bom with the original
Ssin ofcommitment coinimit-

munity we must use ourbwn
indigenous resources our
ideas, our raw materials, our
leadership, ourselves.
Not Texaco, Vanleer
or Asphalt as the Super Teens
Football team found out
recently when one of their
members seeking donations
was chased from the office
of one of the Larger Industries.
For the first time we the
people of La Brea will have a
chance to do we own thing.
Where organizations
already exist and are working
along desired lines like the
Nightingales Steelband, Evans
Richards and his dance group
Wolves Sport Club, and so on,
our role, as we see it, will be
to assist and encourage these
groups in whatever way we
can, providing we are re-
quested to do so. Where such
organizations do not exist we
are to start them. It is self-
help down the line.


To prove that this is no
idle boasi we have .rganised
an Action Group which is
now working seriously at an
agricultural project in the
Belle Vue area. This group is
also exploring the possibility
of establishing a laundry and
a bakery. The view is that it
should embark upon a series
of Sunday evening concerts
to expose the talent of the
area, and that methods of
improving sanitation in the
area as well as of beautifying
the lake site and other areas in
La Brea should be looked into.
We see a fishing Co-
operative as a recessitv in La
Bren and also think that Sport
in general should be given
greater attention.
Tapia-La Brea regards
itself also as a medium of
political education. This we
shall attempt through sale
of our weekly newspaper.
Tapia as well as through
discussion and debate and raps
on the political situation with
people in the various areas.
Tapia-La Brea stands in
complete opposition to the
present system. We are not
naive enough to think that
merely replacing the present
government would solve our
problems, for we know that
this government is not the
originator of the system but
simply a ruthless operator of
it. We seek no simple reforms:
we want total, radical change.
We want a complete
rest ructuring of the economic
social and political order. We
want a total change in every
level of administration in La
Brea and we are committed
to this.
Yes brothers, sisters.
atlhers, mothers we come out
to change La Brea.


You always

wanted her to



makes it easy -

Sand an ideal

Gift too.



ment to change through
Tapia's brand of unconven-
tional politics.
Tapia La Brea is a
community oriented or-
ganisation. We me to assist in
and encourage community -
development but solely on a
self-help basis. We come out
to help we self.
To build this com-


- I a r ----

PAGE 6 TAPIA ouIt x At


Sculpture of Bertie Marshall'sBertfonb;

Cuban folk singers in action

Hardly anything missed Nai-
paul's "withering glance in A
House for Mr. Biswas and The
Middle Passage which have both
been water-sheds in Caribbean
thought. The speaker has already
commented extensively on Nai-
paul in three essays.
: House for Mr. Biswas seemed
to ;m to probe the limitations of
striving Caribbean man; his absurd
courage in the force of power, his
grotesque but admirable struggle to
build; his weak-kneed but relentless
rebellion which led him into fresh
avenues or absurdity.
Biswas is for me a profound and
moving work, because Naipaul
preserves a balance of elements. There
is farce and absurdity, and there cs
rebellion. There is the greyest me-
lancholy and despair and there is the
clear-sighted lucidity which controls
despair, keeps it in place. There is
acknowledgement of Biswas as cultural
orphan, as apparently histbryless man,
and there is also the concept of Biswas
the builder, the artist. What intrigues
me is how these into each other, are part of the strange
wholeness that is Biswas. Caribbean
man; how these contradictions are
contained in the fullest sense, in
Biswas's life and personality.
In The'Middle Passage (1961)
Naipaul attempted his first long
abstract examination of Caribbean
society. He seeks to put the society in
ils historical context, but, strangely,
quotes from Froude, Trollope and
Kingsley, historians whose prejudice
and inaccuracies had already been
indicated by Elsa Goveia (A -Study"'
on The Historiography on the B. WI.
Mexico 1956).

Naipaul chooses his evidence
'both from the past and present in
order to illustrate his own despairing
rejection of history. So he quotes
Trollope and not Sewell or Underhill,
both of whom had provided far more
accurate and generous assessments of
W.I. in the 19th. Century. He quotes
Froude, but not J.J. Thomas who had
refuted Froudewith the kind of com-
mand that makes it necessary to
reassess one's preconceptions of Carib-
bean man.
Of twentieth century historians
he quotes Sir Alan Bums, and not Eric
Williams, C.LR. James or Elsa Goveia,
all of whom had published extensively
years before The Middle Passage was
Nevertheless, Naipaul provided

rigorous commentary on the con-
temporary Caribbean scene; the shod-
diness of taste, its consumer values;
the rapid erosion of"folk" culture into
the tourist oriented night-club act; the
persistence of race and colour divisions;
and what Naipaul sees as the historic
violation, decline and fall of practically
Coming just before Jamaica's and
Trinidad's Independence, Naipaul's'
book completely dismissed the notion
that Caribbean people had any po-
tential. His famous question "How can
the history of this West Indian futility
be written?" still haunts the literary
His equally famous answer that
the history of the Islands can never be
successfully told because "history is
built around creation and achi:vc:;.ent
and nothing was created in the West
Indies" has been one of the most
provoking pronouncements in W.I.

Here, we can note its similarity
to Carter's 1958 statement as recorded
by Van Sertima,that slavery meant"the
disruption of rhythm, the breaking
down of the structure of the per-
sonality in which integration is lost
and action remains action, removed
from any possibility of being trans-
formed into destiny."
Carter's statement is subtler, of
deeper dimension; but it is the same
statement in essence. What binds Carter
to Naipaul here is a powerful sense of
fatalism. The gap between saying that
"nothing was created in the West
Indies," and saying "They will never
create" as Naipaul did in 1970 is
really quite narrow.
After 1961, action for Naipaul,
as for Carter, "remains action, removed
from any possibility of being trans-
fromed into destiny." As we proceed
through the sixties we shall observe
this growth of fatalism, which seems
to me to be an inescapable part of the
Caribbean scene.
Harris's Palace of the Peacock
(1960), however indicated quite a
different set of possibilities.
Like Carter he was the producer:
of the traumatic Guyanese politics of
1950's, with its climax in the racial
divisions of 1957, and in the race war
of 1962- 1964 whose scar still seethes
below Guyanese soceity. Unlike
Carter, though, Harris had worked for
years as surveyor in the vast
hinterland of Guyana, and knew all
kind of "folk" in a way. that Carter
could scarcely conceive
He had also shared the liberal
dream of the men. of the 30's and
40's, the founders of Kyk-Over-All
of the possibility of the Caribbean

producing a new and unique species
of people, and a new and humane
world in spite of its barbarous
colonial past.
Palace of the Peacock like Conrad's
Heart-of Darkness or Melville's Moby
Dick is a symbolic journey which
involves a cosmopolitan crew. In
Melville's case the crew was one of
.mariners, renegades and castaways
from all over the world under the
command of a mad Anglo-Saxon-
protestant American, and his morally
mediocre officers.
C.L.R James's analysis of Moby
Dick should be too well known to need
elaboration here. He sees the voyage
as involving not only the destiny of
America, but of the whole world,
seeing Ahab as a forerunner of
Nietzsche an n~an, thi over-riding
Super hero ultimately celebrated by
Nazis in Germany.


In Conrad the main concern is
with the European in the wilderness;
with what the perversions of Empire
implied for the humanist traditions of
Europe; with the decay and fall from
paradise of the whole of European
The whole of Europe had con-
tributed to the making of Kurtz.
Hence Marlow's journey, like Ishmael's
leads only to a terrible disillusionment,
and a compulsive. desire to atone for
Western Civilisation's blood-guilt by
enlightening the shabby humanists of
the West. But to do this, Marlow, like.
Ishmael needs to be artist concerned
with truth, meaning, the word, and a
symbolism which, having lost its points
of reference in acoherent world-view
has grown complicated almost beyond
In Harris the journey is even
more complex. There is a narrator
wno speaKs in me. third person, arid
who seems to stand in the same relation
to Donne, as Ishmael does to Ahab
and Marlow to Kurtz.
Donne, landowner, autocrat, the
eternal slave master/authoritarian
figure of Caribbean history, is the
narrator's brother; his other self. The
narrator, who is artist and dreamer
shares Donne's guilt as Marlow shares
Kurtz's, and as Ishmael another artist-
dreamer, shares Ahab's obsession with
plumbing the depths of self.
Harris's crew, however is
Guyanese. Most members are mixtures
of the various races in Guyana; and
there is a complex web of visceral in-
terrelationship, indissoluble links in
blood and experience.
As in Melville but less in

Conrad, the crew is a single body,
which the captain contrives to make a
projection of himself, and an in-
strument of his obsession. Where
Harris differs from the American
dreamer and the European, is that he
is telling a tale of redemption, not one
of damnation.
While Conrad depicts Kurtz as
having fallen down a deep precipice,
and Ahab eventually is dragged down
beneath a bottomless ocean Harris had
,his people or consciousness, clifb up
Sthe perpendicular rock face of a mighty
water fall.
Conrad's work ends with the
paradoxical affirmation ,._, the exis-
tentialst artist, who tells his tale
without being able to believe that it
will serve any purpose. Harris on the
other hand has his narrator transcend
the horror of the journey, and accords
him a Dantesque beatific vision of
pattern, design and harmony.
Contrary to some other com-
mentators, I don't believe that the
narrator is Donne, or that Donne
achieves fulfilment. Donne. gains just
sufficient humanity to realise that he
is really dead, and is finally shut up
in a rock at the foot of the cliff. I
don't agree either, with the easy
;sentimentalising of Harris's dream ol






Tapia House 82-84 St. Vin

tiurdon Rohlehr co

_ ~

c- fl

jUS' I1, 1974



itinues from last week


;ene from Dereck Walcott's Dream on Monkey


Walcott's Franklyn on stage

harmony.and fulfilment into an empty
"all awee is one" slogan.
The members of the crew be-
come one after several deaths to the
self; af: ..lurder, betrayal and an
agony which Harris is able to make
terrifyingly real. Their oneness, too,
seems to require total divestment, a
casting off of the material, rather than
i spiritualisation of it; a shuffling off
of these mortal coils, rather than an
ncamation of flesh and spirit.
The oneness is perpetually and
magnificently possible, precisely be-
:ause it is improbable that it will ever
)e achieved. The final immersion in
he rhythms, and harmony of the
miverse is also a final denial of the.
necessity for politics or history; since :
he man who has gained the timeless
rision is dead to the dull lunatic
history of this broken world under the
The importance of Harris is that
ie keeps open the possibility of a
personality which can be explored;
Lnd the concept of a new ground for
.aith after the inevitable shatter and
waste of politics. The difficulty of
-arris's dream is one of relating it to
historical situation, channelling it into
ime and place.





ent Street Tunapuna



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Viola Hollywood Curved Top Dressing Table
Viola Fedora 3 Wing Flush Top Dressing Table
Viola Fiona Flush Top Dressing Table
10 cu. ft. Admiral and Consol Refrigerators
12 Cu. ft. Admiral & Consol Regrigerators

Sharp Stereo Gram Mod GS 311
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Hoovermatic De Luxe Washing Machine

60" Teak Nadia Marina Buffet
44" Viola Buffet
58" Viola Buffet
44" Fedora Curved Buffet
60" Boston Double Curved Buffet

Teak Nadia 6 Drawer Chest of Drawers
Viola 5 Drawer Chest of Drawers
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4 Burner Consol Gas Cooker 6790A $ 63.0C
4 Burner New World.Solid Door GAs Cooker w/Grill
4 Burner New World Glass Door Gas Cooker $ 78.0(
w/Grill $ 83.0(
4 Burner Ambassador Gas Cooker S 48.0(
3 Pc. Rhonda living Room Set $ 65.00
4 Pc. Mini Sectional Set $ 43.50
4 Pc. Ophelia Sectional Set $ 86.00
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3 Pc. Spindle Arm Danish Living Room Set $ 65.00
4 Pc. Special Danish Living Room Set $ 75.00
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Teak Nadia Wardrobe
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h ; )I W r i a O r'.


c It


e~~~ i-taL__

U4 It



Hclenc John -

[HE Diego Martin branch
)f the House Wives As-
,ociation of Trinidad and
Fobago is an organised
,roup of women who are
quietly demonstrating
:hat when people pool
heir efforts together
with a specific goal in
mind, they generally
succeed if they are will-
ing to persevere.
This group of house-
wives concentrates specially
on the family budget. Cost!
are tailored by bulk buying
some essential items are
secured at wholesale prices
when certain members buv

HATT active in Diego Martin

for the entire group. In this
way those lacking storage or
finance can still enjoy the
benefits of cheaper prices.
Another commendable
undertaking is the book
exchange deal which takes
place at the end of every
school year. Motivating
factors here are rising costs
as well as the need to dis-
courage wastage.
Stationary u s e d
throughout the year by school
children, is also bought in
bulk at wholesale prices. Not
only do these activities make
sound economic sense but
they help people to come

together and work together
fostering a much needed sense
of community.
Fund raising is another
activity which involves a large
number of people. In fact,
the Diego Martin Group has
now taken the initiative to
raise funds for the National
body of HATT over the next
few moAths, through cake
sales and a Grand Bingo, date
and venue to be announced.
The group, however,
does not work only in its
own self interest. We have
often done work of a
philanthropic nature.
All housewives in the

area, whether they work at
home or outside, have some-
thing to tain through partici-
pationn i the activities of the
group. One can gain materially
through economy and
spiritually by helping others.
If the Diego Martin
group grows much can be
accomplished in the area.
Eighty voices may now be
ignored, but hundreds or
thousands cannot be easily
over looked..
Regardless of economic
or intellectual status, every
housewife has much o suffer.

Everyone has some talent and

by using it one improves it.
We hope to use the talent of
hou.;cwives to provide in-
struction later on in variety
of subjects music, sewing,
proper planning of meals,
first aid and what have you
It is essential for house-
wives to understand that if
they come out regularly,
cotn;ibuting their skills and
organizing themselves they
can play a vital role in up-
lifting themselves and their
community .

Meetings of the Diego
Martin group of HATT are
held on the fourth Monday
of every month (except
August) at 7.30 p.m. at the
Diego Martin Secondary
School. All housewives are

fIBIs anss


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Dealers:-. Taurel & Co Ltd., Geo. F. Huggins & Co. Ltd., Charles McEnearney & Co Ltd.,
H.E. Robinson & Co. Ltd. Nigel Scales Point Fontin


I I i I I sl dl I i' -.---.a~ -- 1 II ,


* *

Repertory Dance Theatre July Season.



pertory Dance Theatre
has just completed
another successful season
of dance at the Queen's
Hall and Naparima Bowl,
supported by the New
World Singers, Andre
Tanker and the Mau Mau

Repertory Dance Theatre July Season.


Esther LeGendre

New pieces added to
the repertoire were Contrasts,
She, Opus, Etude and School-
days. Old favourites from the
Repertory were Trio, Grave-
yard for the Living, Pas de
Deux trom 'Love Songs'
and two other pieces, Defiant

Era and DanseNegrc which
the Queen's a-ll audiences
on Friday and Sunday even-
ings were not fortunate to
The Friday evening per-
formance opened with Trio
which was .fortunately drop-
ped from the Sunday even-
ing programme. The Henri

Astor Johnson

Telfer stage decor of huge
bubbles coloured and tran-
sparent, though, interesting
was unsuited to the piece.
While the male costuming was
inpeccable, the traditional

--,---. -------
s .,. :..,.
;:`",' "

1 :L


Contd. on Page 10



white dresses of the females
needed added colour to re-
create the fire and excitement
that is the Spanish tradition.
Apart from the strained
smiles and joylessness of the
dancers, the precise chorus
work built up by the theatre
that I found so admirable in
last year's season was just not
evident this year.
Inteicsung contrasts
were presented in the piece
by the same name. Debra
Paray's competent classic.
style contrasted with Noble'
Douglas' more passionate
approach that was backed up
by a bluesy musical selection.
Contrasts 3, the solo
by American-based Dyane
Harvey, was an experience
This was done in the modern
style with echoes of the
African Primitive in a
statuesque pose, a roll of the
head or the sensuous pelvic
movements. The artist here
showed an intimate and
sympathetic understanding of
the background music. Un-
fortunately neither the name
nor the composer of the piece
was given.


For me the most in--
teresting piece was Graveyard
for the Living, an artistic
statement on the hardship
and degradation of prison life.
It is in this piece that Astor
Johnson culminates his pet
As far as I can trace,
Johnson sought to weld to-
gether the calypso, folk slng,
'the drams supported by steel,
the modem and the tradi-
tionr! dance. The result, the

of Sparrow's 'Slave' by the
San Juan Secondary School
students, can be seen as an
ancestor of 'Graveyard for the
The New World Choir
opens this particular piece
with the folk song lament:
Morning, neighbour,,
Yuh son in the jail,
and now yuh has to
and wail.
The Choir must come in for
some praise for this selection.
It is so typically West Indian
in feel and flavour.
A mother is given the
bad news that her son has
been arrested and in tone the
bringer of the news is lamen-
ting too. But soon the excite-
ment and West Indian love for
reportage gets the better of
him and he delves into a vivid
and breathless account of the
He was arrested for as-
sault and manslaughter.
Licks like fire, man he
bound to surrender.
The piece opens and
t h e gravekeepers/wardens
shuffle in to make sure that
their charges are secure. The
torches shine into the eyes of
the audience. After all they
are members of the society
which allows this particular
type of hell to exist in their
midst. A new prisoner is
brought into the cells and as
'toon as the wardens leave his
horrible initiation begins.
The bars of the cells
are used like goads to ter-
rorise him and the frenzied
.diable-dibale which accom-








panies this and the swiveling
hip movements suggest the
further initiation into what-
ever temporary methods of
sexual release they may have
The close relation
between the calypso and the
blues as media through which
black men have protested
from the West Indies to
America is recognized as the
blues supports the prsoner's
beautifully frustrating dream


in which he has a satisfying
bite of-the forbidden fruit.
He awakes, painfully, to hear
the derisive laughter of his
There is an attempted
escape from the work-gang
but after nights in the open
the prisoner is re-captured
and, the Choir informs us, he
gets 'live more years in he
Ifwe were able to ignore.
the newspaper reports, one
could not'ignore the portrayal
ofa brutal homosexual attack
on a reluctant prisoner by one
of the wardens. To climax all

this, a body hangs from bed-
sheets noosed and attached to
the ceiling. As the prisoners
draw away horrified, their
gaze is fixed on the audience
who also witness the in-
humanity and degradation
that takes place in our
Not even the voice's
incredibly bad rendering of
Lasana Kwesi's She, the poem
on which the piece She was
based, could spoil the power
and beauty of Dyane Harvey's
performance. As Mother
Africa, giving birth to a race
of warriors, as the beautiful
woman dressed in black, hips

swaying in the endless rhythm
of Africa and finally as She,
the black woman of today.
After a programme
which undoubtedly entail
ed much hard work, School-
days was a bit of well-deserved
fun. Although there was
nothing especially original
about the treatment of the
theme of Sparrow's calypso.
The dance, the spoilt-child
who for some reason always
stood out in an enviable dress,
hop-scotch, last day heave
and ring games were part of
every childhood and it is
pleasant to look back.

I WONDERED how long
it would take before
someone rose to the de-
fense of our Southern
brothers who comprised
the large audience at-
tending the dramatic pro-
duction RENGA MOI at
the Naparima Bowl. The
play was presented by
the Theatre Limited of
Having been told that
the two productions offered
by this company were worth
seeing, I travelled to San
Fernando and was among the
audience when the play was
abruptly ended.
I fully support the
senrnmenits expressed in the
letter to the Editor appearing
in the Trinidad Guardian of
Monday, July 22 that re-
marks upsetting to the players
were confined to avery small
percentage of the large au-
dience which attended the
performance that night

There was one smart
alec whose dramatic and,
aesthetic appreciation ob-
viously have not progressed
beyond the infant stage who
thought it fit to interpose
Trinidadian picong through-
out a serious and emotionally
sustained drama.
As it was, the play con-
tained this volatile gentleman
Jt a few "ah comings" and
other juvenile remarks as part
'of his contribution to "au-
dience participation". As re-
lief from the gripping emo-
tional climaxes of the drama,
he got brief and scant support
from an otherwise wholly
attentive audience. This fact
should indicate that there
must have been a great deal
of real and touching drama
in the presentation which was
largely supported bd our
Southern audience.
There were the usual
limers outside the auditorium,
a vociferous lot who talked
incessantly during the latter
half of the production. They
were spoken to by one official:
and subsided for a while only
to begin aloud once more.
They distracted both players
and audience alike.
There are two schools
of thought as to whether
Paul Mpagi of the Theatre*
Limited of Kampala was right
to bring, the performance to
an abrupt end some fifteen
minutes before it was due to
be completed. Certainly his
action was grossly unfair to
the large majority of enrap-
tured persons among the au-
dience who appreciated the
play because of the univer-
Ssality of its message despite a

in the


a personal account by
Sydney Hill

language most could not
On the other hand, the
only benefits to be derived
from Mpagi's action would be
if those few who behaved so
unruly within and without
were forever shamed and
forced to vow to behave
themselves as better citizens
while attending future per-
formances. I myself doubt
they will show such sensitivi-
In Trinidad and Tobago,
after many years of a thriving
small theatre movement, it is
surprising that we lack a de-
cent auditorium in which to
present dramatic productions.
For most of Renga Moi, the
music of "sweet pan" from
an adjacent hall competed for
our attention. This certainly
affects and reduces profes-
sional quality and atmosphere
both on and off the stage, and
is not good enough for our
country in 1974.


Players mixed with
audience twice in "Renga
Moi", the second time being
much more effective than the
first Here, one almost wanted
to join chorus with the
players against the monstrous
crime of human sacrifice or-
dered by the priest-diviner
(obeah man).
Of course, the structure
of the play is adapted from
the structure of Greek tra-
gedy. There is not so mucl
new or different about it.
Most of the elements are'
obvious; the priest diviner
is the oracle, the seer; the
fatalistic building block is
ever present; the relief from
emotion by way of singing
or dancing is akin -to the
rising cadences of the Greek
chorus; the leader has to be
brought from his position of
strength to. lowliness-to go
through the ant hill as a

purification process.
Renga Moi focuses
on human rfature, 6irth and
death, on ritual and man's
ability to think and rise above
ritual, on the endless con-
flict between right and wrong,
on the process of maturation,
development, and evolution,
and .the drama does so in an

imaginative and almost wholly
engrossing manner.
Although not a
Southerner, I went backstage
to tell Paul he had misread
the large percentage of the
audience's reaction to the
play, and to anologise for the

shortcomings of the few
senseless interruptions.
The majority of the
audience were those who,
like me, followed the action
of the drama with under-
standing and with sympathy,
rejected and were annoyed
by the crude interruptions,
but were powerless to do
anything to remove the of-
fending persons from the au-
ditorium and its surround-
What 1 liked about
"RengaMoi" is the studied
spontaneity of most of its
action. One got the feeling
of a performance that was
not completely staged-one
that had the elements- of real
life about it. Mast times I
find it embarrassing when
players leave the stage to mix
with audience. Very often
this takes the form of a de-
vice by the directors and as
such it only has the effect
of breaking audience atten-




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Ruthven Baptiste

GALLOPING equipment
prices, calls for a national
league and professional-
ism, a government ap-
pointed commission into
all sports except cricket
and horse-racing, the
founding of a football
players' association; never
before in the history of
Trinidad football has the
TTFA been so beseiged
from every sector of the
And, in the face of this
tremendous pressure all the
policymakers of our football
can come up with is some-
thing resembling a national
league a rebirth of the
Champion of Champions

July to


tournament organized for one
year during Dorn Basil
Matthews' tenure as President
of the then TFA (Now TTFA)
That is not to say that
a national soccer league is
not possible, organised on an
inter-club basis as the present
national league has been, in-
volving the leading clubs of
each TTFA affiliated league.,
Because, with time
these clubs can evolve into
something of a County Club,
something which an affiliate
league team is unlikely to
become due to the absence
of vibrant local government.
However, the present
National Soccer League is not
structured for its constituent
clubs to develop into any
such thing. That's true at
least, for the last three clubs
in the league's standing at
the conclusion of the national

A case

Something resembling

a Nati

This system of rele-
gation will most certainly
make a mockery of the
National Soccer League. The
three weakest affiliate leagues
with naturally the three
weakest clubs in the national
league will never be able to
settle down so as to develop
into at least rthy com-
petitors for the 'bigger Iame
clubs of the bigger 'name
Such a fate may well
await TESCA (Tunapuna ex-
pupils Association of the


Central St. George F
League (CSGFL) who
of practice against th
sophisticated defence:
Defence Force, Poli
Caroni for example,
only fault. If they a
gated next season, it
be impossible for tl
iron out their technic
.lems and to build
confidence necessary
successful participation
national league.
On Sunday Ju
TESCA met the I
Force at Lever Bros. g


otball TESCA lost one-nil to De-
sc lack
c more lence Force,Whilethe Defence
s of the Force can congratulate
ce and themselves on their victory
is their it was not a convincing one.
re rele- They never established the
would command or authority over
hem to the game as would have been
al prob- expected.
the self In fact TESCA were
y for much faster to the ball
on in a throughout the match, but,.
their lack of experience at
ily 28, that level of competition
Defence denied them the victory that
ground. was within their grasp.

for Norbert Phillip

with bewilderment
we were fixed
in two seasons
by which
we could not even
chart the course
of our own
simple lives.
with bewilderment
I too
to question:
to delineate why.
one morning
wet and green
like this
an archetypal fury
primordial sky.
I have revisited
the shrines
I have washed
in the tumbling waters
I have sweltered
in the sunlash
I have walked
in the vale
I have bathed
in a hued light
I have shed
terrible load
Wet and dry?
Wet and dry?
Other seasons
our own
you and I
Christmas and parang
Carnival and pan
cricket to football
pootigal tb sapodilla
ripeplum to watermelon
eegree Io boil corn
tonkabean to chennett
June's end
with bewlderment
is by
the shift
of these seasons
now see we
luly to July again


G. Moreau.

I HAVE followed with
interest the "controversy"
which has developed
since the present team to
represent West Indies
in India, Pakistan and Sri
Lanka was named. The
intention here is not to
join in the controversy;
I want nonetheless to
make these observations.
Some sport writers and
commentators here, who
have justifiably or not -
assumed the status of "au-
thorities" on the game, have
been making some irrespon-
sible statements indeed. It is
regrettable that none of them
cared enough to present the
statistics that could support
some of their outbursts.
I think one can register
one's dissatisfaction over a
selection without seeming to
contrive an undermining of
the confidence of those who
have been selected.

Many commentators
shouted "insularity" and
"parochialism" and turned
around to commit these same
sins. That is why the over-all
approach of one like Ruth-
ven Baptiste (writing in Tapia)
-is to be commended.
Since the controversy
I have been trying to arrange
my o little pieces of statis-
tics into a presentable whole.
The information I have would
seem to suggest that in each
territory there is at least one
cricketer who can be con-

sidered"unfortunate" to have
been left out of the team.
The case for one or
three, or even five in Trinidad
and Tobago has been lamen-
ted. I want to give an instant
of yet another West Indian
apparently -forgotten by all
and sundry.

T w e n t y-five-year-old
Norbert Phillip of the Com-
bined Islands is one of the
unfortunates. A-sports officer
in the Ministry of Home
Affairs in his Island. Phillip
got his chance to play "re-
presentative" cricket in 1970.
Glamorgan, English County
Cricket Champions then
toured the Caribbean. For the
Islands, Phillip had an innings
of 96, and as an opening
bowler bagged 3 for 30.
In the Shell Shield 1971,
he took 14 wickets and was
bettered only by Willett in
the Combined Islands-bowling
In the Shell Shield in
1972 he claimed 10 wickets
and scored 214 runs, including
his highest score of 99 against
Guyana in Guyana.
Again in 1973, he was
second in both the batting
and the bowling averages. He
scored 258 runs and claimed
14 wickets for the Combined
Islands in that tournament.
It was on the basis of
these performances that he
gained selection on the Presi-
dent's Eleven team which
opposed the Australians in
Jamaica in 1973. His credit-
,able display may not have
saved the President's Eleven
from defeat But it averted

total humiliation.
He played an innings of
71 runs, and backed that
up with what in that circum-
stance was a fine bowling
performance nine wickets
for 140 runs; that is under
sixteen runs a- piece.

In the Shell Shield this
year 1974, his innings in-
cluded two half-centuries ver-
sus Trinidad and versus
Guyana respectively.
Those who have fol-
lowed the games will scarcely
need to be reminded that
Philip always put in such
performances for his side at
times of crisis. He always
came in when front-line bats-
men crumbled for nothing,
and in such difficult situ-
ations made batting look re-
latively easy. That is why

it becomes necessary some-
times to distinguish "class"
from "form". ,
Without contempt for
the players selected, and re-
cognising the right of people
to voice dissent, I submit
that the performance of
Norbert Phillip in four years
is not one to be despised.
The selectors have ap-
parently forgotten him; but
so have the commentators
and writers and critics and
protesters. Not one of the
latter have mentioned him.
So, it seems to me, if all the
critics, protesters etc. had
been selectors, all, they too,
in spite of themselves, would
fail to consider some very
worthy players and com-
That is why a lot of
the protest, to me, is suspect


and Friends

We're happy

to provide even better

service for you

Since we've moved, you'll find that our offices are
even better. More spacious too. And very pleasant.
And we've increased our sales staff to ensure that you
get even faster, more efficient service. Drop in at our
Main Branch or any of our unit branches.
Unit Supervisors are:
68-70 Henry St. P.O.S.
Ian Cuffie TEL. NOS. 62/36604 36612
Steve Kalloo and Joe Chet Sampson 5, Fifth St., SAN JUAN
TEL. NO. 638-4414
Newton Andrews Cathay House, Carlton Centre.
Clyde Roberts and Cloyd Blackman Burnett St., Scarborough.
TEL NO. 639-2849


Tepie Ie eys



at the House

68-70 HENRY STREET, P.O.S. (Farah's Building)
TEL: NOS. 62/36565


Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Institute for
Study of Man,
162, East 78th Street,
N35 YORK, -".Y. 1002'
Ph. Lehigh 5 -

ON AUGUST 2nd, Tapia
held a public meeting at
Majuba Junction, La
Brea. The crowd was
,small but receptive and
the speakers, especially
tnose trom La Brea re-
ceived warm ovations,
Chairman for the even-
ing was "Beatnik" Belgrave
'who is a member of Tapia-
La Brea which was formed in
March of this year.
Campaign Manager
Michael Harris spoke on the
State of politics in-.the nation
and suggested that "perhaps
there has Iever been any
real politics in this country"


in the sense that the vast
majority of the people never
had a political voice.
"After building a solid
organization" said Harris
"Tapia is making it possible
for the country to experience
politics for the first time."
Mickey Mathews spoke
on the Constitution issue
stating why Tapia could not
accept the Wooding Commit-
tee proposals.
Arnold Hood spoke on
problems in La Brea (See
page 5) and Allan Harris,
administrative Secretary of
Tapia National, closed the
meeting by touching on what
the speakers before him had




in the current issue:

Analysis of Canada's

recent general election:

why the voters.chose


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said and suggested that these
went together to create a
vision of what a Trinidad and
Tobago under a Tapia Govern-
ment would mean.
"It would mean full
employment, better housing,
local government and an end
to racial politics" he said. He
pointed out clearly what he
Commenting on the
poor housing in La Brea Allan
Harris said that "there was
nothing which so demon-
strated the extent of govern-
mental neglect and the in-
equitable distribution of in-
come in this country as the
'fact that so many of our


SEVEN employees of the
Guyana & Trinidad Mu-
tual Life Insurance Com-
pany, have beeii chosen
to attend the. annual
Management Orieptation
Course conducted by- the
Life Insurance Marketing
and Research Association.
The course which will
start on August, 12th is
to be held in Georgetown,
Guyana and will last one
LIMRA is an association
dedicated to conducting re-

campaign continued this
week when the caravan
travelled to Corosal on
Wednesday August 7th.
Almost the entire
community came out to
hear Mickey Mathews, Ivan
Laughlin, Kenneth Fabien,
Kelvin Ramsumair and
Lloyd Best.
The speakers covered

citizens have to live in broken
down structures in unsanitary
The speakers pointed
to the fact that the Con-
stitution crisis gave Trinidad
and Tobago another chance.
It is because Tapia recognized
this that they consider the
Constitution issue so crucial.
Allan Harris remarked
that "Tapia as such, is the
only political party that re-
cognises that the twelve years
of governmental mismanage-
ment and bungling since In-
dependence pointed to the
need for participatory politics
in which the people could
have a greater political voice."

search in areas both directly
and indirectly concerned with
the life insurance field. The
purpose of the course is to
make participants more aware
of the--work- bein--done -by--
Lhc associaLion, its aims, and
to help them improve their
sales and management
Delegates will be en-
couraged to discuss some of
the problems they have en-
countered and to exchange
ideas with members of the
association and other partici-
pants in the course.
GTM Life employees
chose to participate in the
course are: Randolph Lee
Pack (Supervisor) and Unit
Supervisors lan Cuffie, Steve
Kalloo, Joe 'Chet' Sampson
and Newton Andrews from
Trinidad, Clyde Roberts and
Cloyd Blackman from Tobago.

a wide range of topics
relevant to the people of
Corosal. Among them
'Cement factory,' 'The
Price of Peas' and 'Local
The crowd was warmly
receptive, suggesting that
Corosal, a much neglected
area, was coming to life





'a- -

-- -- -- ~------

- --



.Swim M"

T rinidad

Cont'd. From Page 3
The opposite view is
that of the Tapia organi-
zation which in Vol. 4 No.
22 said, "The honest thing
to do would obviously be
to cut back production to
about 150,000 barrels" and
summed up the official at-
titude as, "Always following
the big countries, seeking
legitimacy elsewhere, never
leading; we are too small,
too black, too stupid, too
everything for that".
Tapia claims that the
present leaders handling oil
matters.understand little of
--what is happening. This
assessment seems to be ac-
curate if only because they
have not taken the time to
try to understand.
With respect to the
construction of further re-
fining capacity, Tapia asks,
"What manner of madness
can it be to be projecting all
these wanton increases in
refinery capacity when' we
are such a small producer of
.crude petroleum?"
The reality ot the -hue
............ 5- is' T"ia-aTlthebee 'utit' fl
plans for expansion are of
little use if not premised on
the national ownership of
the present stock of oil
In other words, the
immediate priority would
seem to be the acquisition
of Texaco, Shell, Amoco,
et al.
If it is Tfet that the
country could not bear the
consequences of an outright
take-over, surely the funds
can be found to purchase the
assets, just as they will be
found to finance the planned
There are ways to
handle the short-run mana-
gement problem, for exam-
ple, the awarding of mana-
gement contracts until
.enough locals are trained.
The difficulties that
surround the marketing of
oil have been largely dissi-
pated by the oil scare which
has brought into existence
new alliances and created
the scope for many more.
Whereas in fact we are
small and inexperienced, our
oil production is substantial
compared to our needs and
the needs of the Caribbean
This should be the
basis of our strategy a
sound one if founded on a
faith in the capacity of the
people of Trinidad and To-
bago to guide their destiny
with a reasonable degree of