Material Information

Place of Publication:
Tapia House Pub. Co.
Creation Date:
March 10, 1974
completely irregular
Physical Description:
no. : illus. ; 43 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )


Dates or Sequential Designation:
no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note:
Includes supplements.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Tapia House Pub. Co.. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
000329131 ( ALEPH )
03123637 ( OCLC )
ABV8695 ( NOTIS )

Full Text

SUNDAY MARCH 10, 1974 2"

Norman i(wvan
Jamaican Bauxite expert.

IN THE midst of balance of payments alarums caused by the worldwide inflation and
and spiralling fuel costs, Jamaica is gearing up to gain more from its role as the world's
largest bauxite producer. The extra earnings from exports is needed to cover an esti-
mated $80m hike in petroleum imports alone in the year 1974 as a result of the current
energy crisis.
Short-run measures have already been taken to curb import, spending by licensing
and to top up rapidly falling reserves by borrowing from international agencies. But
incredible administrative bungling of import control and mounting political pressure
are already dictating more exports as the only lasting solution.
Sensing the threat which
economic distress poses to the
political order with its estab- pay more for imported materials here in Jamaica".
lished conventional two-party and consumer goods. He said Jam2ici:.'s move towards
competition, Shearer's JLP is it was quite in order ".o seek greater take l[om its majo
lending full support to Manley's higher prices for our raw ma- export a close
PNPi rrtiening-rregOiat-nt p- 1 p l on new arrangements n rin
with the bauxite companies, these series of increases im- dad and Tobago for the taxa
Last week, Opposition posed upon us from overseas, tion of the petroleum industry
Leader Hugh Shearer told separate and. apart from in- In the 1974 Budget, Minii
Branch Secretaries of the Busta- creases which arise from imma- ter of Finance, Chambers, ar
mante Industrial Trade Union ture and incompetent conduct nounced "reference prices" fo
that both the union and the
party would support the Gener I
bauxite negotiations. [ I i

Spelling out the basis ot
bi-partisan foreign policy in
this area, Shearer said that the
re-negotiation should include:
* Increase in the rate of
royalty on bauxite exported
and on bauxite used in the
production of alumina in the
plants in Jamaica.
* Increase in the assumed
profit on which Income Tax is
0 Application of a tax per
ton on the bauxite used in the
processing of alumina in addi-
tion of the tax on the profit to
alumina production, because
the cost of production in some
plants is so high that alumina
production under the present
arrangements will not be able
to produce a tax base.
* Increase in the reference
price of alumina so as to in-
crease the amount of tax on
O Increase of bauxite and
alumina production and em-
* Pursuit of aluminium
smelter investment.
Mr. Shearer said that his
Union and party were fully
aware of the developments
which were causing Jamaica to

THE Annual General As-
sembly of the Tapia House
Group, vwil be held on
Sunday A ,'-, All Tapia
members rie reminded
that they should seek to
regularise their financial
status before this date in
order to secure their voting
For further information
contact the Administrative
Secretary, Allan Harris, at




PAGE 6 & 7



petroleum for the first time.
Since C' en, Trinid it o; ,
will also Lieat production. reL

IV to! Liv pu'pose;

operations for tax purpose;
land and sea operations will
also be kept apart and every
new concession, even to the
:same company, will be a
distinct revenue-paying unit.

laribbean Peoples


Deci de

Own Fate

Grenada Crisis

Worsens A iS


A time for mirt

r1VA I

Georga es

Law Faculty
MR. Justice P.T. Georges takes
up the post of Professor of
Law at the Cave Hill campus
of the University of the West
Indies in July.
Mr. Justice Georges return-
ed to Trinidad a few years ago
following a spell as Chief Jus-
tice of Tanzania. He has been a
judge of the High Court of
Trinidad and Tobago and an
Acting Judge of the Court of
He also served as Vice-
Chairman of the Constitution
Mr. Justice Georges was the
presiding Judge in the just-
concluded Hilton murder trial
in which Ulric Joachim has
been ordered to stand re-trial
at the next sitting of the
The Trinidad and Tobago
Judiciary has recently been
hit by a number of resignations
and Mr. Georges' Cave Hill
appointment will also increase
the burden on the existing
The Industrial Court, from
which several members of the
Judiciary have gone on second-
ment, including Chief Justice
Hyatali, has also complained
recently of an increasing back-
log of cases and the failure to
appoint new members to the
Mr. Justice Georges joins
Mr. Justice Aubrey Fraser,
from the Trinidad and Tobago
Judiciary, on the staff of the
UWI Law Faculty.
Mr. Georges was called to
Bar in 1949.

~L~- 1IL~gdl~p~l~Pi~saasrsliag~s~P a




Vol. 4 No. 10

25 Cents






MF a





Ti me For

Mirth and


ONE of the newspapers of Trinidad and Tobago, the MIRROR, of
22 March 1916 had the following report on the Hindu festival of Phagwa:
"For the past two days the East Indians of the city (Port of Spain) have
been celebrating what is commonly looked upon as their carnival festi-
val or what they call 'Horee' in the usual way viz. parading the streets
and bespattering each other with a purple mixture which certainly does
not enhance the appearance of the participants. It further said that the
celebrations would last 'a few more days' and that some Indians were
trying 'to avoid the doubtful blessing!' J. Me Neill and Chimmanlal in
their report to the Government of India on the conditions of Indian
immigrants in the four British West Indian colonies and Surinam, pub-
lished from London in 1915, says that in Guyana Phagwa was the most
popular festival, almost as popular as the Muslim festival of Muharram.
Those who have fiad the-oppor-
tunity of watching the vast Phagwa
gathering in the Aranguez Savannah in J.C. JHA
San Juan or in Skinner Park in San
Fernando can say that the festival assumed a new dimension. The Phagwa
has come a long way from the days season is heralded with the chowtal
when it was an individual or a family (four boats) singing to the accom
affair. As Morton Klass notes, 'Some paniment of dholak (drum), karta,
f a majira, etc, in many Indian homes anc
on the Vasanl
as abir, but that was long ago'. Peter full-moon ay ot the month of Phagur
Ruhoman records in his Centenary in the Hindu calendar. The real prepa
History of the East Indians in British ration for the phagwa, however, begin:
Guiana (1838-1938) that the magenta about ten days before the actual festi
crystals were dissolved in water and val day.
the fluid with a rich crimson colour The most popular legend about
was 'thrown or squirted on each other this spring festival is this. There was a
by metal syringes', demon king named Hiranya-Kashipu
Before the 1960's Phagwa (Holi or (golden-dressed) in ancient India who
Horee) did not come into the national had been granted a boon by God
focus in Trinidad. But during the last Brahma that he could not be killed
six years this festival of colour has either in the day or night by a man,

beast or god. Thus safe-guarded he
became a terror to the society. The
demon's son, Prahlad (meaning' full of
jcy'), a staunch devotee of Lord Vishnu,
inc:urred the wrath of his father. When
the poison and other devices failed to
kill th!: oy. the father asked his sister
Holika ,iho was supposed to be safe-
guarded ag- .ast fire by a boon, to
enter the fire with the boy. By the
grace of '"ishnn', however, the boy was
sav," "..";c the demoness perished.
This eve, i-" 'Jying the victory of the'
goou ai, ,vil is commemorated in the
festival of phagwa by a bonfire at the
cross roads.
In some Hindu homes the puja
(worship), hawan (fire sacrifice) and
bhajan (devotional singing) are done.
However, the most important aspect
of the festival in the Caribbean is the
chowtal, four beats connected with
the Vasante raga (the rhythm in ho-
nour of Spring), with the themes of
.colour, vitality, romance, etc., with
special reference to Lord Krishna or
Rama. Intense rehearsals go on for the
fin," Phagwa chowtal competition and
prizes are offered to the winners. In
some areas there are separate chowtal
bands for men and women who tour
the countryside in open trucks.

The singing is normally organized
in the evening, two groups with the
Indian musical instruments facing each
other. Some lines of the song are re-
peated very loudly. In the Jhumar or
ulara following chowtal there are dance
rhythms. In Surinam the Indians sing
Jogira and Kabir in two line pieces
besides ulara. In the past some Indians
used to compose jogira off hand like
the calypso, adding humour and satire
to it. The 'goles' or groups of the
past are now called the 'bands' which
ajjw *a, part 1he Winte kstan:d
chowtal competition organized by the
phagwa committee of Trinidad, Guyana'
and Surinam.
The throwing of abir, red dye and
even ordinary white powder are now
confined to the central places of
phagwa celebrations. Special Indian
sweets are prepared and the children
have a nice time.
In Northern India Holi sings like
'Braj men dhum machayi Kanhayi',
reminding of the frolicks of Krishna,
are popular. The followers of Kabir-
panth in Trinidad or some brooding
type of intellectuals may remember
the mystic songs of Saint Kabirdas,
'Ritu Phagun niyarani, Koi piya se
milave' (the spring season of Phagun
is near, some body should get me in
touch with my beloved, i.e. the indi-
vidual should hankers for meeting with
the Ultimate Reality) or 'Saheb hai
rangrj chunari meri rang dari' (The
Lord is a dyer of clothes; he has
coloured my cloth.


In other words, the divine bliss
has been bestowed on me.) There are
others who recall the bhakti (devo-
tional) songs of M"era, a princess of
Rajasthan who renounced everything
for an absolute devotion to Lord
Krishna: 'Holi piya bin mohi na bhavai,
ghar angan an suhavai' (My lover (God
Krishna) is away on the occasion of
Holi and therefore I do not like my
house, courtyard, etc.). And further
'Meera mil Holi gavai;- rang bhari,
rag bhari rang su bhari ri; Hori ayee
pyari, rang su bhari ri' (Meera says
that all should sing the Holi songs; the
colourful Holi has come, it is full of
colour, love etc.). In Mithila (Northern
Bihar) similar songs of Vidapati are
sung in groups. In Trinidad Hori songs
can be heard in many areas during the
Phagwa festivities. Of late 'lontrose
Hindu temple has started the Vasant
(Basant) Panchami puja to herald the
In Surinam some couplets of Tulsi-
das are sometimes borrowed for the

Kabir songs. A Kabira is begun with a
shout of Sun lo meri Kabir (Hear my
Kabir) and ends with Jai bolo ramaiya
baba ki (Shout 'victory' to Rama).
Jogira, on the other hand is begun
with Jogi ji (Yogi) sararara. This is
specially sung aftet Holika dahan (the
burning of the holi) and on the day of
dhulahari (playing with diArt For ex-
ample, Jogi ji, sararara! Aye the ek
dham se, utara akai ghat; hawa lagi
sarar ki hogaya, barah bat (came from
one sacred place; disembarked on one
river bank; came in touch with the
wind and the path split into twelve).

A typical chowtal is like this:
Kanha deta musukiyana gari dhare
more sari, turn to dahota Nanda-
lala ke, ham brishabhan dulari
(Krishna teases me smiling and
catches my garment; you are the boy
of Nanda and I am the darling daughter
of Vrishabhana)- A Ihumar on the
occasion of phagwa will be like this:
'mati jahu kanta paradesa basanta
(O beloved, do not go abroad, the
spring season is near).
A dhamar is like the following:
'Kita le gayo yara paharana me
Kita le gayo' (Into which hills has my
lover taken away after elopment?)
A chaita sung on the days follow-
ing the final Phagwa would refer to
the melodious song of Koyal bird
which reminds the beloved of the
lover who is away in a foreign land
(raja gaye Kauna desa koiliya kuhukata
bana me'). Some Phagwa songs are
called Raiputi because of their war-
like or berioc refrain: de dai pacho
bana Subhadra maiya, dharaka de
ratha ke pahiya (Give me the five
arrows, mother Subhadra and push the
chariot's wheel).
These songs have surely come from
India where the Koya bird sings in
uhis season. In NoNrthern India light
songs like 'nakbesar Kaga le bhaga'
(the nose ring of the girl has been
snatched away by the crew) can also
be heard; but such songs have possibly
disappeared from the Caribbean.

All the same, the music of phagwa
in the West Indies reflects the same
gaiety of the festival with its infectious
romanticism as in India. The new
elements of Phagwa in the Caribbean
are the bands competing for prizes;
the best ladies' group, best dressed
group, the best drumming and so on,
though of late the National Phagwa
Promotions Executive has been trying
to emphasize the religious significance
of the Phagwa, and to weed out the
'Carnival' aspect of the festivities.
However, one may wish that the
mirth and universal merrymaking of
the festival, irrespective of age (bhar
Phagun burhawoo dewar lagen: in the
Phagwa season even an old man is like
the younger brother of a woman's
husband) should be retained. As a poet
of medieval India said 'Yo bani banik
so Padmakar aye ju khelani Phag so
khelo or 'Kanai Padmakar su jaisiye
rasile anga taisiya sugandha ki Jhakoran
ko Jhapane; lai drig koran men mere
drig boro lal kai to in nainan nichorau
nai apane' (Poet Padmakar asks a girl
that in his red eyes she should dip her
eyes to make them red as well).
At a time when life is becoming
so complex and tense that there is no
time for relaxation, the message of
Phagwa should be this 'jindagi Ke din
char; Holi khel mana le' (the life is
very short; play the phagwa with com-
plete abandon)'. We should also burn
our malice and anger against fellow
beings. This indeed would be the real
holika-dhaan (burning of demoness
Holika); for, examples of annual burn-
ing ceremonies n be found in the
non-Hindu world also, like the one in
Ethiopia where every year on 27
September the festival of 'Mascal' is
celebrated with huge bonfires.










IN THE wake of the energy crisis and sudden-
ly steeper fuel prices and costs, the staple
exporting countries have all begun to wonder
about'the traditional arrangements for winning
returns from the primary products which they
sell in the markets of the world.
If import prices and costs are rising,
somebody must pay the cake. And perhaps
the change in the balance of political power
which emerges from the shake-up could change
the basic terms of trade between the rich
industrial countries of the North Atlantic and
the conventional scrunters of the poor, pre-
industrial periphery.
Even so seasoned a campaigner as the
sugar market has been affected by the recent
price upheaval. For all the elaborate rigging
of the bi-lateral neo-colonial arrangements
between Britain and the West Indies, Guyana
and Jamaica simply suspended shipping sugar
to England in quest of better terms. Doubt-
less Trinidad & Tobago would have done the
same if only Shah and Panday, sugar-union
leaders freshly arrived on the revolutionary
stage, had permitted us any sugar to sell by
allowing harvesting and grinding to proceed.

Yes, if the energy crisis promises any
-long-term benefit to the world, it is that pro-
ducers of export staples will at last see that in
our unity lies decisive strength. The days are
over when we dreamed hopefully for deliver-
ance by seeking foreign aid and grants-was it
one per cent of the income of the North Atlan-
tic countries that the United Nations Organiza-
tion was seeking to transfer? We will now
depend on the power of organization, as
poor countries learn the lesson taught to
capitalism by the wage-earning classes:
."unionization" is an important step to Salva-
Against this background, we must weep
over the second failure by the Trinidad and
Tobago Government to win our way into the
Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Coun-

0.1LT-Io LLL2 I

tries. November gone, our application was
rejected again while Ecuador was accepted as
a full member and Gabon was accorded associate
Trinidad and Tobago, it is rightly
whispered in the corridors of OPEC, is a
stooge of American interests, a client of
Texaco Incorporated. OPEC too is waiting
for the old regime to fall Tapia promises
them it will not be long.
Meanwhile, the Caribbean bauxite pro-
ducers, though not on anything like a radical
path, are advancing in the right direction.
The old two-party regime in Jamaica is still
mortally afraid to broach the question of
national control but Manley and Shearer are at
least planning to increase the take from taxes
and to carry the industry up to the third or
smelting stage.
At the same time, the six most import-
ant bauxite producers are about to establish
a new organisation to bargain with the con-
suming countries. Typically, Jamaica claims
that the organization must not be compared
to OPEC, but that is exactly what the com-
parison should be. Guinea, Australia, Yugos-
lavia, Guyana, Surinam and Jamaica must
now band their belly to fight.
A meeting is cmaiy ibeii.g ieid in
Guinea to settle the kind f raisin hP:

location of a Secretariat and the choice of a
Secretary General. It is said that the hottest
favourite for the top job is the Jamaican
economist, Norman Girwar, who has emerged
from the ferment in economic thought at the
UWI over the last 15 years as the NO.1
Caribbean expert on country-company rela-
tions, especially in the field of mineral ex-
ploitation. Girvan's work has concentrated on
bauxite and he was a key figure in the
negotiations which led to the demise of the
(Aluminium of Canada) Demerara Bauxite
Company and the emergence of a nationalised
Guyana Bauxite Company.
It is possible that the Secretariat for the
Bauxite Producing countries cold be estab-
lished in Georgetown, Guyana if Guinea
does not insist on an African location. In that
case, the juxtaposition of the Bauxite Secre-
tariat alongside the Caricom Secretariat will
only highlight the long-standing Tapia call
for a Caribbean Techretariat to service all our
relations with the multinational giants.

At long last, Trinidad & Tobago has
established an Energy Secretariat in Port of
Spain but we cannot expect that to do any
serious work. Even if the PNM could give
competent leadership, the perspective would
remain too narrowly parochial for what the
West Indian people now need.
We now need to design a strategy for
our export basket as a whole and a counter to
corporate planning to dominate the regional
economic life. We need to pool our- foreign
exchange and to approach the balance of
payments problem as a united force.
The PNM's failure to help the Caribbean
over the energy crisis and to let other West
Indians share in our oil bonanza by contribu-
tion of loan-funds to the Caribbean Develop-
ment Bank is another reminder to Trinidad&
Tobago that a rational policy for West Indian
nationhood will remain i-Th e Ui.til we
, t.- tz--'._'::, .....



NAME -------------------------

ADDRESS------- -------
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RETURN TO: Tapia House Publishing Co. Ltd.,
91 Tunapuna Rd. Tunapuna, Phone: 662-5126.
Trinidad and Tobago.


Tapia Group

--.| ie u .... -

ON Sunday March 3 the
La Brea Tapia group held
its inaugural assembly at
the O.W.T.U. Hall, La
Brea. Arnold Hood chaired
the occasion and welcom-
ed the gathering.
The theme of the Assembly
was "TAPIA then and now".
The opening address was de-
livered by the Tapia Campaign
Manager, Michael Harris who
reminded the assembly that
Tapia's goals were not. simply
to replace the present Govern-
ment, but in fact to transform
the whole society.
He stressed that the Tapia
vision was of a society founded
upon dignity, humanity, and
justice. A society in which the
hearts of men could sing the
"Human Song". He welcomed
the fact that the men of La
Brea had decided to add their
voices to that chorus.
Asst. Secretary Lloyd Tay-
lor, gave the assembly a short
history of Tapia and the growth
fo unconventional politics. He
reminded the audience that
because of the economic or-
ganization of the society from
the earliest days there had been


of genuine community organi-
zations. Under these circum-
stances people had resorted to
"primordial" alliances and a
system of politics that em-
phasised the search for leader-
ship by exceptional individuals.
Tapia's programme Taylor
asserted was designed to re-
verse this pattern of mobilisa-
very little scope for the growth

tion. Unconventional politics
was thus grounded in the com-
munities and in leadership that
arose out of the communities.

Ivan Laughlin outlined the
way in which Tapia is mobilis-
ing for change. Political organi-
zation, he suggested, involves
establishing routines of group
activity, writing for our publi-
cation, and selling the- Tapia
paper in our respective areas.
Standing on our own feet adn
dealing with the problems of
our communities and our lives
by our own efforts.
The afternoon session of
the Assembly was given over to
a general discussion of Tapia's
proposals, in which represen-
tatives of Tapia groups in Point
Fortin, Fyzabad, Corosal and
San Fernando took part.
Arnold Hood, of the La
Brea group ,who acted as Chair-
man of the Assembly gave the
closing remarks. .He described
the occasion as a historic one
in the life of the Community
and pledged the La Brea group
to work towards meaningful

___ __ U~_i______ L~ _~

II-~-- ~- -~"-- ~--- --~ ~c -"-

Lad Brea Launch~es






IN the story below Dennis
.Pantin reports on an hour-long
interview Tapia Secre-
tary, Lloyd Best, to the Jamai-
can Broadcasting Service. Con-
ducting the interview was John
Maxwell, on the programme
"the Public Eye "
TAPIA is a political party
in that it is doing political
things. Lloyd Best, Tapia
Secretary gave, this reply
during a radio interview in
Jamaica recently.:
Tapia is the first pro-
fessional political organisa-
tion in the country in that
.-the members live politics.,
-. Tapia-has staff, headquart-
ers, a newspaper, routines of
polidcis that go on.all the time
and in many parts of the coun-
try. Tapia does not exist only
because there's a crisis in sugar.
or a crisis of black people or
economic distress. All these
crises are real and important to

The Group is mobilising
people in the communities and
this is politics. Merely occu-
pying the corridors of the State
is government and people some-
times believe that this is politics.
Tapia's political. mobilisa-
tion, Best continued, is in di-
rect conflict with the PNM


Tapia's programme can be
grouped under four general
heads, the Secretary told the
Jamaican Radio interviewer.
The first being Ideological
Independence. This New World
Ideology begins with an analysis
of the Caribbean situation and
experience. It does not begin
with any imported conceptions
of Liberal Capitalism or Ger-
man or Russian Marxism.
Caribbean peoples, Best
explained must decide their
own fate based on their parti-
cular experience.
The second aspect of Tapia's
programme involves a change
from the tradition of one-man
rule. Doctor politics, for short.
This can only be achieved by
the creation of genuine political
parties based on community
Another aspect of Tapia
proposals involves Constitution-
al Reform, which was an issue
raised by the. Group a few
years ago.
Work in the communities
has shown that none of the
established institutions is work-
ing whether it be Parliament,
the Civil Service, Local Go-
vernment or the Executive.
The real problem in the
West Indies is that, in the face
of a powerful Central Govern-
ment, people don't have the
economic independence to
speak out.

Best tells


This is the reason for
strengthening Local Govern-
ment powers and the creation
of enlargened Second House.
The proposals for the
Senate, draw on the African
and Indian heritage of our
peoples where the tribal or
village elders would get to-
gether, in what the Indians call
the Panchayat, to discuss the
running of the locality.


More immediately, the pro-
posals for the maco-Senate
draws on the direct experience
of Trinidad and Tobago, par-
ticularly 1970; where one of
the main cries was for People's
._. irrlnmen t s.

Second House follows the
analysis of our particular poli-
tical situation of powerlessness
and lack of representation in
the corridors of power.
It is in no way similar to
the British Upper House or
other Upper Houses, which are
largely rubber stamps for the
Tapia is also advocating a
sweeping Economic Reorganisa-
tion so that people could not
only have political representa-
tion but levers over the running
of the economy.
Answering a query about
what is likely to happen in the
country, Best told the Jamaican
radio interviewer, that in a
revolutionary situation where
the institutions have broken
down, the most significant
events are the unexpected ones.


One can however plan for
the expected. Williams will
have to do something about
the Wooding. Report and the
constitution question. Where
the institutions have broken
down, the most subversive
events will be those which pro-
moted free and open discussion
in which all could take part
and ordinary people could
speak. Tapia is therefore calling
for a Constituent Assembly of
Williams, according to Best,
has three options.
He could hold an early
election, which he is not going
to do because the government
is not strong enough.
He could alternatively, ac-
cept the Wooding report in
full, by bringing in the Wooding
Constitution by August 31, this
year, and holding elections
three months after.
Finally, Williams could just

THE next monthly meeting of
the Tapia Council of Represen-
tatives will discuss the politics
behind the constitution ques-
tion. The meeting is carded for
Monday March 18 at 7.30 p.m.
sharp. For the second monht
running the venue will be the
Southern Headquarters of Tapia
aLt 17, Roval Rod, SuL re-

At a meeting of the Tapia
National Executive on Mon-


chinks and do nothing, leaving
the onus on the opposition
forces to hariass him sufficient-
ly to take a position.
The events in Trinidad and
Tobago are already having re-
percussions in the region look-
ing at the examples of Grenada,
Dominica and St. Vincent where

organised opposition is develop-
Tapia feels certain. Best
told the Jamaican interviewer,
that we can bring together,
very quickly, an Eastern Carib-
bean unified state. Tapia's
Foreign Policy Statement

speaks of the early creation of
freedom of movement in the
Eastern Caribbean. This would
also mean closer relations with
Jamaica, by such programmes
as a Regional Oil Policy which
would ensure supplies to re-
gional countries.

day March 4, at the Tapia
House, Tunapuna, notice was
taken of the fact that the
printed copies of the Report of
the Wooding Commission had
become available in accordance
with the schedule set out by
the Constitution Commission
when the Report was submitted
to the Governor-General on
The 1 .. lion -b;ch
took note of the fact that Sir
Hugh Wooding had expressed

the wish to be in a position to
defend the Majority Report
against other proposals for
constitutional reform rather
than to be confined It being a
neutral Chairman of a Con-
ference of Citizens.

It was decided to take the
developing politics behind the
V'. ,.. In-. Commission and- the
Constiutional question to the
next meeting of the Tapia

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Politics Behind Wooding








THE REGION Greg Chamberlain

AS GRENADA'S Prime Minister, Eric Gairy, becomes
increasingly absorbed in the brutal repression of his
opponents, the 8,000 inhabitants of Carriacou the 13-.
square-mile dependency of the Caribbean's newest inde-
pendent state, are moving steadily towards secession.
At a rally here last week former Grenada Premier
Herbert Blaize, who is official Leader of the Opposition in
Grenada Parliament where he represents his native Carria-
cou, told hundreds of cheering islanders that "we don't
want Gairy's Secret Police here and we will not have them
here". He and other speakers attacked the Gairy regime
for its neglect of the island, which lies 13 miles north of
Grenada in the Grenadines group.
Carriacou leaders freely
compare their situation to that
of Anguilla when it broke away Mr Gairy has not objected
from St Kitts seven years ago. to the autonomy movement,
But they are not calling for a but says there would have to
resumption of British rule as be a referendum among Carria-
the Anguillans did, or as yet couans first. So far however,
outright independence. They hehas publicly ignored all their
want autonomy, mainly fuian- pleas for dialogue and nego-
cial, based on the recommenda- tiation on the issue and a call
tions of the Wooding Commis- for autonomy to be written
sion which suggested such a into the new state's constitu-
Ssolution for Anguilla. tion.
A tax strike has already It is this cavalier attitude,
been launched to prevent Gre- typical of Mr Gairy, which has
nada taking money out of Car- caused the present militancy,
riacou which the islanders com- and the talk by a growing num-
plain is never spent on im- ber of people of unilateral
provements here. secession.
Edward Kent, a Greiiadian





Miciael Harrnis
THE solutions to the po-
litical:and economic prob- .
blems .in Grenada must be
grounded in the realities
of the situation in the is-
land. As such the theore-
tical prescriptions of
metropolitan regions or
even of other Caribbean
countries cannot. simply
be imported into Grenada. MAURICE BISHOP
This was the position of
the New Jewel Movement as pendence. Gairy was resorting
explained by Co-ordinators to terror tactics against his
Maurice Bishop and Bernard opponents, and there had been
Coard at their press conference several cases of violence against
held in Port of Spain on Satur- individuals. Several people had
a had their houses burnt to the
day last. ground and several others had
been arrested on trumped-up
MYTHS charges and imprisoned for
Pointing out that there periods of time without bail.
were several myths about the .The shutdownof the island
island that needed to be de- was still going on, the seamen
bunKed, Coard insisted that were still resolute in their de-
there was no substantial foreign termination to stay away from
investment in. Grenada and no work, and the Gas and oil
real capitalist class,,so that the embargo mounted by the
problem of dealingg "with the O.W.T.U. in Trinidad effectively
multinationals" simply did not prevented the resumption fo
arise. normal services.
-Bishop remarked that at Coard also emphasized that
the present stage of the struggle opposition to the Gairy regime
the real issue was getting rid was widespread throughout the
of "gairyism", and that system island and was not, as some
of Government and politics people believed, confined to
based upon one man leader- St. Georges. He pointed out
ship that was prevalent through- that the bulk of Grenada's
out the region. population lived in the six
Bishop also forcefully towns scattered throughout the
)pointed out that there was island and that successful de-
absolutely no truth to the view monstrations had been held in
that the situation in Grenada all these centres.
was returning to normalcy.He Both men spoke of the
branded the reports of one local struggle being a long one but
newspaper that had made this stressed that the Movement
claim as being "fanciful". was prepared to entertain any
The situation,.he claimed, serious suggestions for the reso-
was worse than before Inde- lution of the crisis.

long resident in Carriacou and
the Island's chief Landowner,
who exports limes and sheep to
neighboring islands, is con-
fident that with tourism and
the creation of a free port,
Carriacou could survive with-i
out Grenada. "It might be
better if we made a complete'
break," he says.
Carriacou, arid but beauti-
ful, is a picture of neglect.
Half-finished projects, like an
extension to the tiny airstrip
and repairs to the island's main
jetty, are visible: everywhere.

"All we want is a reason-
able response from Gairy", says
Blaize. "But we are not pre-
pared to stagnate", he warned,
"We are determined to control
our own affairs".
There are few Gairy sup-
porters on Carriacou, and
those there are keeping their
heads-down. Gairy, who, Car-
riacouans boast, does not dare
to visit the island now, has not
tried so far to send any of his
Secret Police here, and the is-
land has become a haven for

dozens of refugees from his
Regime. However, Mr Blaize
warned the Island's Taxi Driv-
ers yesterday, to watch out for
"suspicious people" arriving in
the island.
A few days before Inde-
pendence early last month, a
Grenada Government Delega-
tion led by Governor Leo De
Gale cancelled a Carria-
cou after demonstrators burned
down a rostrum from which the
delegation was to have spoken.
Mr Gairy himself has not been
here since last August.
Last week's rally came after
dozens of meetings sponsored
by the committee around ths

island on the autonomy ques-
tion. The- ball'now seems in
Mr Gairy's court.
Among the statements he
has from the Carriacou Com-
mittee to ponder over is one of
last November which warned
that if the people of Carriacou
"are driven into drastic action
to achieve their reasonable ob-
jective,the outside world should
know how they tried other-
Since that time, the islanders
note darkly, they have come no
nearer to achieving this "reason-.
able objective" by the accepted



ANN aqt owM lm

ram- Eob on


OVER THE LAST few months, several collections of poems by West Indians have been
published. These collections include Mutabarukn'. 'Outcry' a small book of poems which
mirrors life in Jamaica; Mervyn Morris's The Pond; R. Dobru's Flowers Must Not
Grow Today a collection which lives up to the directness of its title; John Agard's
Shoot Me With Flowers a neatly produced volume from Guyana; Mc Donald
Dixon's Pebbles a book of twenty-nine poems from St. Lucia; Selwyn Bhajan's Season
of Songs published in Trinidad and very recently, Anson Gonzalez's The Love Song
of Boysie B and other poems. Our poets are writing.

Something must be said about each of the above
mentioned collections. I begin this series of reviews
by dealing with the most recently published volume.
I begin with Mr. Gonzalez's The Love Song of
Bovsie B and other poems, trom here on called
Love-Song. Love-Song is a collection of sixty
poems, written apparently between 1963 and 1973.
It is dedicated to the poet's daughter, Maria, and his
friend, David.

In terms of appearance, the book is clean and
neatly produced. Furthermore, this collection proves
beyond a doubt, Mr. Gonzalez's determination to
ignore publishing houses both. at home and abroad,
and to publish his creative and critical work himself.
This is a very recommendable attitude, and one which
has allowed such works as his play, The Rice Mill
and Self Discovery Through Literature
to see the light of day. It has also seen the introduc-
tion of a new literary magazine, The New Voices;
of which Mr. Gonzalez is the founder-editor.
But this attitude' as its dangers since Mr
Gonzalez runs the continual risk of publishing sub-
standard material, through over-anxious to get
into print and because of the difficulty of being
objective when dealing with his own work.
To his credit this has not yet happened, but to
my mind, Mr Gonzalez should stem the tide of his
publishing impulse if only to pause and reflect on
what he has since published, and if only to finish his
thesis on the novel in Trinidad and Tobago, which the
Author's Note states tht he is presently doing.
Mr Uonzaiez s first major appearance as a poet
of national importance was made in 1972 when he
published a collection of poems, along with myself,
entitled Score. In that collection Mr Gonzalez's
twenty poems gave a useful balance to my more
wide-aerimental efforts. Two years later,
ellort"afla gtigiv us "-vrei-o,z-.,_ ..
arranged according to the specific preoccupations of
the poet, such as writing, teaching, family-life,
friendship, absence, death, death in life, love, love-
sickness, infidelity and politics.
What Mr Gonzalez has to say is said with a kind
of directness and without much intricacy of meta-
phor. In fact, many of the poems are quite brief and
their strength lie, if anywhere, in their syllabic
arrangements or patterns. The poem In The Darkness,
for example, goes as follows:-

they see
the smile
the flashing teeth
they hear
the laugh
ribald and raucous
the joke
merry laughter
but inside
a prisoner
in solitary
in the darkness
that someone
will understand
(pg 19)
As a photographer, Mr Gonzalez brings that skill to
his poetry. Many of the poems are really snap shots.
The poem jSaturday is an example of this.
On a suburban
the post noon sun
parches throats
and withers emerald
leaved lawns

(pg 7)

Before going on to deal with the strengths of
Love-Song it must be said that there are some
poems in the collection which should not have ap-
peared at all. In fact, the poet has enough material
and a wide enough cross section of preoccupations
from which he could have selected at the most forty
poems and not less than thirty-five. Thus, Love-
Song suffers from an absence of rigorous editing.
There is absolutely no excuse for' a poet of Mr
Gonzalez's background and sensitivity to publish
such poems as Rain; Classroom; and In Some Un-
determined Design. I will quote two fragments to
show you the weakness that Mr. Gonzalez sometimes


The air
is so clean
when it stops
as life's wheel
once again
clean air
streets and people
are grateful
for the blessing
of these April
(Rain pg. 5)
Or take the following:-

Feed us, Sir, we are hungry,
Forty famished faces turn to me
I look at them and ponder
Before I pontificate:
Will I help these boys to wisdom,
or just a certificate?

(Classroom pg 18)

Nostalgia is no excuse for such weakness.

Much of Love-Song has to do with flight:
the flight of the imagination, the flight in relation to
air-travel, and the flight from people and involvement.
The poet is always juxtaposing the world of the
imagination and the harsh reality of the world. By
extension, he compares the whirl of fantasy and the
whirl of reality. The poem From A Jet Plane looks at
all this.
the earth
and time
in a white
and grey
cotton fairyland

-Y -itu1h q 'lLa -

sometimes tipped
with red
every fearsome
and fanciful
of imagination
comes alive
but it cannot last
we must come down
shocked into reality
The poet also examines man's struggle for life
and man's struggle with life. The poem The Flight,
which records the slow death of the poet's infant son
summarises this struggle with some very tender and
moving lines.
Every hour you lengthen
the fight
in this unfair
with the enmity
of death
in post coital sadness
are helpless and mute.
Many poems look at this helplessness in the
face of death. First Friday Bell, (.... in memory of
Mama who died suffering .. .), which first appeared in
-Score, has a grace measured by the destiny that is
The First Friday bell shatters the morning
and shuffling feet respond to the call
your dim grey shape joins the procession
again pulling a dozen wagons which
are the churches you used to hurry to
filled with plaster saints and incantations;
Closely related to his examination of death and
man's struggle with life, is his look at meeting death
head-on. The poem To Death is a direct address which
implies that death would be a welcome relief from
"this treadmill" of suffering, disappointments, and
failures. At the same time there are many poems
which look at life as a kind of death. Dead Though
Breathing is the most stark of such poems.
black cloud encircling
absorbs the soul's
the sin
no firm purpose
of amendment
can amend
enshrouds the soul
in death wish
and grinning corpse
walks the land
as living man.
(pg. 21)


Victor Questel's

Victor Questel"s



Boysie B


other poems


Anson Gonzalez

L ..

Related to the theme of death-in-life, the absence of
sensitivity to the grimness of the times in Trinidad.
This is best summarised in the poem Carnival 1973.
This poem opens with a strong, graceful and con-
trolled stroke.
5 dead in one week
and they stand grinning
on the steps with SLRs
casually slung like authority
over annointed shoulders.
He ends the poem with the tollowing:-
500,000 jump around, yah!

insensitively not hearing
the silence that pervades the noise
not hearing the explosions of the future
above the paste wire and masking
of the latest bacchanal
(pg. 83)
Silence for this poet is always used to indicate
the absence of understanding and the absence of com-
munication. Silence for him is both the emptiness'
of existence and the absence of a meaningful future.
Silence for him, is all things that separate the mask-
wearing individual from himself. Thus today, it seems
that silence means much more for the poet than
suggested in his poem Cadence.
The sound of silence
is the sound of fear
is the empty sound
of this steel pan-ic
(pg. 76)
As to be expected, in looking at death, the fear
of silence and the corrosion of silence, and the ten-'
dency of this society to hide from itself, the pit with
its symbolic darkness is ever present in Love-Song .
The narrative element in Mr Gonzalez's poetry
is best exemplified by Journeys and Epistle. In
Epistle, he relates the state of the nation to a friend.
In this wasteland
one presently ponders on the fate
of the TIIIRTEIEN while cawing
corbcaux skip across the highway
ominously symbolic, while the bloated
body of the god, pan. asphyxiates
the Laventille roundabout, and
the leper man buying motor car parts


LRCH 10. 1974



sends shivers through my bones
(glad that you are outside and yet
needing some consolation)
for the grinning carnival smiles
are gone,...
and we in the harsh
burning sern, blinded by the glare
from Derek's corrugated sea
must determine whether to languish
or to make the ultimate futile
sacrifice ....

The poet's control in most of this poem is admirable.

Mr. Gonzalez's LOVE-SONG has made a very
important contribution to West Indian poetry, in two
distinct and significant areas. Firstly, in the sphere of
technique, he has attempted with considerable suc-
cess, to introduce song on a large scale in his poetry.
Secondly in the sphere of subject matter, he has
closely examined the dilemma of the male's infidelity
to his lover or wife, and how it relates to the search
for selfhood.
In examining his use of song, we must look at
poems such as Its So Good (pg. 58), Congotay
(pg. 59), Hey, Today (pg. 60), Hey Alfie (pg. 78)
and Decision (pg. 80). In the poem From Dark Into
Black (pg. 69) in which the poet traces his self
acceptance as a blackman, we have the following:
Let us sing
for the return
of all the lost
in that solitary,
And you brother,
embrace me;
and you sister...
(pg. 71).
The poet loves song and his poetry that is
centred around song calls to mind the Nigerian poet,
Dr Echeruo. In Echeruo's first collection of poems,
Morality, there are songs such as Talk, Patter and
Song and his Song of the Kakadu, where he attempts
to harness the thythms of Nigerian 'High-Life'.
Closer home, Edward Brathwaite, in his triology, has
written poetry which is to be sung, for example,

The Twist. Nowhere, though, does Mr Gonzalez
attempt the more difficult task of writing a poem to
a specific set rhythm as in Braithwaite's The Stone
Sermon (2), or in his less successful J'ouvert.

In fact, with the exception of Decision, parts of
the title poem and possibly Congotay, the poet writes
more with popu music rhythms in mind than calypso.
One poem, Sout Brother is a clever put-together
of fragments from popsongs. Because of this, it
might be useful to compare him with a poet like
Brian Patten. Mr. Gonzalez, in his poem It's So Good
(pg. 58) sings as follows:-
she makes me want to get up in the morning
and makes the world seem bright
I touch the due on the petals
and look forward to the night

it's so good to get up in the morning, yeah yeah
it's so good to get up every morning, oh oh oh
it's so good to get up 'cause she's there
It's so good to get up hear her voice
it's so good to get up kiss her lips her eyes
yes oh yes oh yes
I want to get up every morning now
it's so good good good
it's so good
it's so good.
(pg. 58)

The English poet, Patten, sings in his Some-
where Between Heaven And Woolworth's as follows:-
She keeps kingfishers in their cages
And goldfish in their bowls,
She is lovely and is afraid
Of such things as growing cold.
She's had enough men to please her
Though they were more cruel than kind
And their love an act in isolation
A form of pantomine.
In Mr. Gonzalez's poem Decision, which looks
at the early stages or the February Revolution, a
chorus from Lord Fluke is sung to punctuate the
spoken word. So we have in part:
Come leh we go
come leh we go
come leh we go
to the People's Parliament
de brudders gathering
de sisters swaggering
de ole people crying
de Special Branch spying

(and Lord Fluke sang:
with dey right hand in the air like a tower
and every man in the ban shouting
Power Pnwer Power )

(pg 80).
But it is really in Hey, Alfie that we get the perfect
balance between the written word and the rhythm
of song. It is a very successful poem, fuliof music and,
meaning. I can only quote a fragment from it.

hey, Alfie
and we try to sing a song of joy
hey, Alfie
and we try to sing
a song of joy
in the joyless air
of smoke filled
trashfilled coinclinking
proletarian euphoria
blowing our minds
with the invective notes
of the horn
forcing a logic
like the fullextended
slide of a chatanooga
singing a song of blues
against brother
with no melodic pattern
but an echo
of explosions
on a slackskinned
drummed by a slack-
wristed drummer
(pgs. 78-79)

A fair amount of Love-Song looks at love,
sexual appetite, infidelity and love-making. This can
be seen in poems such as The Stillness; A Millstone
Love; The Time; Dare To Hope. Superstition; The
Unspoken Word; Love and Conversation a
fragment. Of these poems the most important seems
to be Love (pg. 35), since it is there that the poet
states his main concern. It is that man and woman
should come together for mutual sustenance without
either one making a claim on the other.
The love poems together make a case for sexual
union, without sexual possession or possession of any
kind. At the same time, there is the suggestion that
'true Love' involves total possession, but that such a
price is 'too high to pay'. (See Dare To Hope p. 51).
in a near completed life
he'd once been offered
true love

(and found the price
too high to pay)
while her love
she offers
in full abundance
he spurns her gift
(for O, the price
is high
to pay)...
(p. 51).
Yet, poems such as Journeys and Superstition
both suggest that concern with love as a dream and a
fantasy, as against the harsh reality of a possible
'butt'. Caught up therefore in such conflicting con-
cerns, love, for the poet, is always coming towards
him, while going away from him-at the same time.
The result is the silence, not of failure, so much as

The title poem successfully brings all the major
themes and concerns of the poet together. The Love
Song of Boysie B. draws on the rhythm of the
nursery rhyme the pop song and calypso. The poet
obviously has T. S. Eliot's The Love Song of
Alfred Prufrock in mind. As in Eliot's Prufrock, the
poem raises the problems of communication, isola-
tion, failure and tired sexuality.
The essential difference though is that Boysie B.
Wildprick is the boy/man. He is sparrow's Village
Ram with a middle class conscience. He is the retired
super-stud who has never really grown up. The name
Boysie also suggests the East Indian element in
Trinidad's society and therefore we can safely see
Boysie as a representation of a wide cross-section of
Trinidad males.
Boysie B. is a man in decline. He is 'going soft'
both mentally and physically. The only things that
can now rise in Boysie's life are images of the past.
Boysie's literary brother is Brathwaite's Tizzie though
Tizzie has a rootedness that Boysie Elcks.
An then there was Tizzie
He prefer te booze
an' women
It shame meh heart to think
how many things he had wid chile:
Shirley, Bots, Phisphorine
all in the same month done
not to mention big-babbie Babs an' that

Faced with sterility, Boysie finds solace in
fantasy- and occasional entries in his Jiournal. Of
course, Boysie 'is still evading the truth or indulging
in severe self-mockery when he writes:-

My desire is a serious affection
that is prepared to stem all storms,
that is reasonable and yet unreasonable.
It is offered as a boonful gift
that is yours without need to return.
(pg. 89).
I am surprised that he did not go on to say that it
blesses him that gives and she who receives. Hemmed
in by the drudgery of life and collared by "the
confining prison/ of a social contract" Boysie finds
freedom in song. Boysie is really trying to find some-
one with whom he can have a soul relationship. If he
can find that someone, then he will become whole.
Thus Boysie's song, in part, goes as follows:-
I want to give my better self
I want to give my inner self
I want to give my truer self
I want to give myself to you.
(p. 90)
Boysie, having lived a life-of debauchery,
seems obsessed with the idea of finding his better
half who is both a woman and the source of all
truth. Boysie, in his search, fails partly because he
does not want to arrive, and partly because his sales
pitch is hollow. He says in part:'-
Fear not the touch of sweet affection
Fear not the tensely held attraction
So one person touches another's soul and
leaves a mark indelible.
(p. 91).
Boysie is obviously mad, as here he sees him-
self as Christ, calming all fears. The woman's silence
shows that she sees through Boqsie's posturing.
then changes masks and poses as a disciple of Christ.
Boysie B, Wildprick searching for love
stretching out his hands at passers-by
Is it I, Lord'! is it I? And why? And why?
(p. 91).
Boysie's kaiso is as fraudulent as his song. The
now retired village ram no longer mocks at women,
but even suggests that he will allow her to be the boss.
There is a young lady
Whose friend I'll be (Repeat)
Yes I'll be her friend
Till eternity
I'll sing her praises to the skies
And laugh when she laughs
And sigh when she sighs. Yes man.
Cont. on page 8

_C __



From page 7

The next stanza reveals that Boysie is really
nma'd sifice he does not see himself as 'going soft' at
all. He sings:
I'll give her all my love
I'll give her all my care. Yes man.
I'll sing of her for many a year
When she is up or when she is down
I'll he there when she needs me
Firm and strong.
Boysie is in fact "A man without a self, a
nothing of note", tie inmate mimic man. In fact,
Boysie knows that the search is really inward, and
that his failure is that he can not face himself and
accept himself for what he is, an aging middle-class
womanizer with a few pangs of conscience, dramatiz-
ing his past and present situation into a grand thing,
and thus driving at the conclusion that sexual license
of the male reflects a determination to remain self-

"'Stripping off the asks "

possessed. The price of selfho :d is the loss of self.
The narrator of the poem sees Boysie's predicament
as one which leilects the iight bctwcc., duty and self.
Man is always divided against him'ceii
duty and self forever fight
to gain control of his totality
Self says to take the plunoi
to please the soul or die
Duty warns of retributic; ....
(p. 87).
The structure of the poem The Love Song of
Boysie B. is very adventurous and it will be very
rewarding to see and hear Boysie B. dramatized, with
the songs set to music. As I said earlier, the value of
Boysie B. is that ii brings together, in an original way
all the poet's major preoccupations.

If Mr. Gonzalez had only edited his collection
more carefully, LOVE SONG would have been a
better volume. Just as a lone lady stands over Boysie
B. saying, "You almost made it", I feel to say the
same thing to the poet with respect to some of the
It is obvious that Mr. Gonzalez's aim is to 'put
the whole cockneyed mess/in focus,' (see Desire Is
Gone p. 26), but that is no easy task. He succeeds
best in his title poem. In future one might well see
more dramatic poetry from Mr Gonzalez, incorporat-
ing songs and catering for several voices.Or we might
get a poetry involving the use of graphics and photo-
graphs in as John Updike's Midpoint Either way,
he is sure to add to the growth of West Indian poetry.

SCag aramas Development Plan

61,oran's Authorit

at SIupIreme

SIN the Authority's hand-out to prospective
consultants there is no mention of farming
it is in fact a repeat of the Government's plan for a
tourist bonanza. IV

THI Government of Trinidad and
Tobago was forced into appoint-
ing a Commission of Enquiry into
:he Ci ..u.: . ; Development
Plan, and obviousiv intends to pay
no a ttenton Ic the results of the
This is the clzim made by Mr.
Co0!n Iairdc, architect and spokes-
man for the group of environ-
mentalists known as ECO ONE.
M_ r. Laird r ., atinwn to tlhe

press a' the end eb luary by the
Chaguaramas Development Authority,
inviting Planning Consultants to submit
proposals for the preparation of a master
pla n for ihe developemntiof Chaguaramas
and ihe offshore islands. These adver-
tisements, he said, have given the im-
pression that the Chaguaramas Develop-
ment Pan which was so severely cri-
eicised during the Commission's hearings
has been withdrawn.

*/ V', j: DBATION
This Lmpression is completely false,
the ECO ONE spokesman says. The
real significance ot tih advertisement is
that the Authority has always been
co nsidered by the Government
as the instrument for carrying
out its plans for Chaguaramas, plans
with which it is now proceeding post-
aste irn spite of the existence of the
Development Plan and the imminence
of the Commission's report.
In othei words, whether the Report
of theCommission into the Chaguara-
mL-, Development Plan accepts or rejects
the Plan, and/or whether or not the
Mister of Plaining and Development
approves the Commission's recommen-
dations, the ( iI: I.I, ,. Development
Authority under the chairmanship of
Johin O'iallioran intends to proceed with
its own design and is spending a con-
siderable amount of public money to
Tchieve this takeover.
Thi very 'r"t that l!me Authority
,';pioled ouve S250,000 per year worth
o senior empkyees before there was any
mention of a Plan, Public Comments or
Commission shows that both Govern-
ment's and Mr O'Hailoran's minds were
on g ago made up on the future of this
23 square-mile peninsula.
The Public Comnmission was ap-
pointed as ECO ONE stated at the
ti:e simply to conform wiih the rules
laid down in their ovn andCountry Plann
ing Ordinance, and in order to cover the
tracks of Mr. OHalloran's pre-conceived
money-spinning intentions and Govern-
ment's approbation of them.


Co Iin


W-.'I tfgy etr. ntn s oy means
of only one advertisement, the Govern-
ment and Mr O'Halloran did not expect
any representations on the scale of
those received from the Department
of Biological Science of UWI, the Field
Naturalist Club and ECO ONE. Repre-
sentations that automtiacally required
the mandatory Public Commission.
Following on from the Authority's
apparent disregard of the process of
law even though this very process
leaves a great deal to be desired is the
equally fatal disclosure that the Authori-
ty's plans follow very closely the Tourist/
Realtor sell-out that was the main ob-
jection of virtually everybody (except
the Chamber of Commerce) at the Pub-
lic Commission. In the Authority's
hand-out to prospective consultants
there is absolutely no mention whatso-
ever of farming, fishing or other indige-
nous settlements. It is in fact a repeat of
the Government's plan for a foreign
tourist bonanza camouflaged by local
bread and cir, "s devices.

It requires an army of technical
nad financial professionals that portends
the very "up-tight transcendental rigid-
ity simplistic, autocratic and igno-
rant formalism .." previously criticised
Even if there were arguments in fa-
vour of this type of development, it
could not be satisfactorily carried out
within the time specified in the advertise-
ments (six to nine months) because of
the complete lack of essential technical
data in the Plan.
And even if the report of the Com-
mission is a true reflection of the Pub-
lic's condemnation, it can still be auto-
cratically and legally overruled by the
Minister. And now, even if Government
were to bow to public opinion and re-
consider Government's Development
Plan, it is obvious the O'Halloran's
Authority can still bluff and bulldoze
its way through to its own lucrative

Don't buy cat in bag

Before you support us

read our




25 Cents

.YU~~~;-U~;-~--------------------- ---- ------------------------5--~------------

-- .~Ylln~FllriOlPPiQ;ilie~~i~L~j





- ~------ I -----~-~--- r~--- I I


. np ,3 'r



from Aranguez


BARATARIA, San Juan, Aranguez. Ever since my child-
hood these places have seemed to me one area; the divisions
only making themselves clear by the presence of the Eastern
Main Road. Maybe it is because most of my activity
centred around those parts; I was raised in Barataria, went
to school in San Juan and waited for the train at the
Bushe St. Station opposite the Aranguez savannah.
The trains are no more. Relics of that period however
can still be seen at that Bushe St. Station. As I make my
way across the spot, the "halt" takes on the appearance of
a greenhouse, with its entire roof covered by vines creeping
down, like a long, unkempt beard, over the sides of the
building. The train lines are now rusted from lack of use,
"a signal-of progress". Once before they shone brightly
and flattened nails testified to the awesome weight of the
I step lightly over the pud-
dles of water between the d MY great grand mother has
sleepers which gave support to h
the rail lines, and grab hold of the downpayment so she sh
the iron post which once served has been paying for 76 years
to support the retaining fence.
Pulling myself up to theeast- seal off the private grounds
erm part of the savannah, I from the public road, and the
walk casually across to rest blackboard With its sign painted
-under the shade of one of the blackboard withitssign painted
giant Samaans. in white letters would jolt me
giant Samaans. -P.

I remember thetdays when

were more frequent. Like the
times when paid thelhnd rent
for my parents with the ten
cent piece in my pocket. I
would reassure myself every
now and again by reaching
into my pockets, taking the
change out and counting it,
happy to have walked the dis-
tance and thus saved the train
fare for a more enjoyable pur-
pose like buying a cold Solo.
My mind travelled up Fifth
Street, right at the Croisee,
past the place where the Texas
Barber Saloon once was, up to
the T & TEC sub-station, and
then along the wirefence which
made a semi-circle around In-
dustrial .Gases, and on to the
place where we bought white
lime, once a year, at Christmas
to paint the house. At the end
of the fence you stand obliquely
opposite the "pay office".


Out of sheer happiness I
would skip at first and then
slowly etch more power into
my trot so that by the time I
reached-the end of the track I
would be fairly racing and then
with a jump I would clear the
last remaining two or three
feet of grass and both feet
would land simultaneously on
the paved roadway.
My eyes travel to the left
and looking through the canopy
of branches suspended over the
roadway, the clear outline of a
large white house becomes visi-
ble. Flowers all around, and to
the front tall palms and a
circular wall, beyond which the
savannah sprawls, and the total
view has the appearance of
a little bit of paradise.
There are iron Rates which

out o0 my reverie. private
property, Tresspassers will be
prosecuted". I turn and make
my way to the gey brick
Imere were other oc-astioT'
on which I frequented this area.
Like when I started attending
the San Juan'secondary school,
my pride starchly apparent in
the seams of my first pair of
long pants. I was very careful
as to how I bent my legs for.
fear of creasing those seams.


I stepped carefully along
the roadway, Vera at my side.
We walked towards her home,
across the main road and on to
the short cut, the canal bank,
and into the savannah, turned
right on savannah road and
came to the small tapia house
at the back of her parents yard.
I entered said my "good
evenings" (a display of my
"training") to her mother then
sat on the hammock and waited
for the fleeting glimpses of my
childhood princess. When the
sun began to go down, I would
mumble something about
homework, say my goodbyes
and run out to the mainroad


Jerry Pierre

my jimboots becoming hot as
they pounded the pavement.
So today I sit on this
Block, and once again feel the
air, with my slippers off my
feet, and the bare flesh making
contact with the cool roots of
the Samaan tree, her branches
stretching out, ready, it seems,
to receive some giftfrom heaven.
Theleaves are not in abundance,
stripped by the parasites that
clingtoherbranches. Testimony
to a lack of care.
Directly in front stands the
White Castle. Her giant palms

s not yet been able to make up
all pay until she dies, and she

stand tall, branches fly back-
wards, trunks braced against
the breeze. The red coloured
roof bears two shades of red
as the palm branches blocks
some of the light of the glaring
A few people 'are sitting
"Thwe''^^ itr"t~sne- he shaded -
poruos -. -
tators mainly, and cricket play-
ers who are probably members
of the batting team. Over to
the left another match is in

D4 D04.,D6,D7, Do. Tractors
Cms"1 MWer Scraper
C"474 Tractor Drawn Seraper
Ctf44 a 9A 0 Overloader
cader*a s Overiedere
Tack Ovarlodrs
Track Mobile Telecopic
Wheel Type eckhoe Excavators
Treek Tye HVdraulic Excavators
CapaMe Excvating to 30 feet

progress, a telephone truck
being used as the "refreshment"
The white castle keeps
popping back into view like
the mysterious "Farrel' Both
my mind and eyes keep focus-
sing on her, and the question
mark is still the only answer 1
get, her three foot walls now
greyish in colour.


Since my childhood I have
heard the name A'inguez es-
Latcs,a name which after awhile
became automatically, a?'iici*-
eU--WTrh- lafTred-"rent-,- iveiruie
St paid their dues to this seem-
ingly invisible giant land Lord.
In recent times things have
changed slightly with them

offering to sell the rentedlands
to the renters, "a reasonable
colonial policy" and affording
you sufficient time to "pay up
the rest" My great grand mother
has not yet been able to make
ulp the downpayment so she
shall pay until she dies, and she
has been paying for 76 years.

The savannah is now in a
mess with two heaps of dirt
standing a little distance off.
It takes on the look of an "S"
flattened at tLh bends in the
iniexpeir c-ed handwriting of a
f,, ye. cd. Burnt stumps
efror. ieQ rees still stand.
S .' .:; I Sover
L --. -J -FlT

what changes shall be ; ade;.
Whatever happens it wi' remain
my Block, a very spec'. I Block.


Earth Movers, Road Builders
& Surfaces,
Swamp Reclamation
Underground Drains
Bridge Construction
Site Preparation
Agicultural & Farm Development
Sewer & Water Main Construction
Pump Trucks & Trailers
Low. Bed & Flat Trailers









------ ---- ----- -----
- ---------------------

--- -"U~ -"I -1- ---~I cc -- --- --"



Basil Ince looks at Trinidad & Tobago's Sports Record

state governor and US pre-
sidential candidate was
fond of saying whenever
his political opponents at-
tacked him, "Let's look at
the record ." All sport
fans are presented with the
record of the contributions
made by Trinidad/Tobago

Years: Location:


competitors at the three
major games in the world
from our vantage point.
The Olympics are universal
in scope, the Commonwealth
Games span almost five con-

Event or Class:


tinents, while the Pan Ameri-
can Games are hemispheric in
scope. Minor and purely re-
gional games like the CAC
Games have been omitted.
Also omitted are games in which

Trinidad/ Tobago *competitors
have scored no points.
The data were' compiled
from the Library of one of the
daily Trinidad newspapers, and
not from the official records of
these games. It is possible, there-
fore, that the information may
not be 100 percent accurate.
This information could claim
at least 90 percent accuracy.
Sporting officials and ex-com-
petitors are invited to fill in any
gaps they may discover. In any
case, the final total of medals
or points would be substan-

Gold Silver Bronze: Weight Athletics:


1948 London Weightlifting. Feather-weight. R. Wilkes (0) 1 5
1951 Buenos Aires. Weightlifitng. Feather-weight. R. Wilkes (P) 1 1 7
1951 Weightlifting. Middle-Heavy. L. Kilgour (P) 1 5
1952 Helsinki. Athletics. 100 (m) McD. Bailey(0) 1 4
1952 Weightlifting. Feather-Weight R. Wilkes (0) 1 4
1952 Weightlifting. Middle-Heavy. L. Kilgour (0) 1 4

1954 Vancouver. Weightlifting. Feather-Weight R. Wilkes (C) 1 7
1954 "Weightlifitng. Middle-Heavy. L. Kilgour (C) 1 5
1954 Athletics. 100 (m) M. Agostini (C) 1 7

1955 Mexico Weightlifting. Feather-weight. R. Wilkes (P) 1 7
1955 Athletics. 100 (m) M. Agostini (P) 1 5
L955 Athletics. 200 (m) M. Agostini (P) 1 4
1958 Cardiff. Weightlifting. Feather-Weight. R. Wilkes (C) 1 4
1958 Athletics. 100 (m) M. Agostini (C) 1 4

1959 Chicago. Athletics. 100 (m) M. Agostini (P) 1 5
1959 Athletics. 200 (m) M. Agostini (P) 1 4
1959 Athletics 400 (m) B. Ince (P) 1 5
1959 Athletics. 4 x 400 (m) B. Ince (P) 1 1 3/4
1959 Athletics 4 x 400 (m) Agostini, Jackson
Bertrand. 1 4



1963 Sao Paulo


1963 "

Weightlifting. Heavyweight B. Bailey (C)
Weightfifting Middle-Heavy. J. Samuel (C)

1 4
1 4 .

Weightlifting Heavyweight. B. Bailey (P)

I. Joseph and
C. Bertrand (P)



1000 (m) Match
1000 (m) Time

R. Gibbon (P)

R. Gibbon (P)

1964 Tokyo Athletics. 200 (m) E. Roberts (0) 1 4
1964 Athletics. 200 (m) Skinner, Bernard,
1' Roberts, Mottley. 1 4
1964 Athletics 200 (m) W. Mottley (0) 1 5




-100 (m) Scratch
1000 (m) Time

B. Bailey (C)
H. Gittens (C)
R. Gibbon (C)

1 4

Trial R. Gibbon (C) 1 7
1966 Kingston Athletics 400 (m) W. Mottley (C) 1 7
1966 Kingston Athletics. 400 (m) R. Bernard (C) 1 5
1966 Kingston Athletics 200 (m) E. Roberts (C) 1 5
1966 Kingston Athletics 100 (m) E. Roberts (C) 1 4
1966 Kingston Athletics. 4 x 400 (m) Yearwood, Bernard,
Roberts, Mottley. 1 7
1967 Winnipeg Weightlifting Lightweight H. Gittens (P) 1 5
1967 Weightlifting Heavyweight B. Bailey (P) 1 4
1967 Cycling 2 Lap Sprint R. Gibbon (P) 1 7
1967 Cycling 1000 (m) Time


R (2iPh)o fD\

L I\. MM.u ultD \n (
1967 Athletics. 80 (m) Hurdles. T. Best (P)
1967 "Football -T & T'. (P)
1967 "Hockey T & T. (P)

1970 Edinburgh. Athletics. 100 (m) H. Crawford (C)
1970 Athletics. 200 (m) E. Roberts (C)
1970 Athletics 800 (m) B. Cayenne (C)
1970 Athletics 4 x 400 (m) Bernard, Wong Sing,
1 Roberts. (C)
1970 Cycling 1000 (m) Scratch L. King. (C)
1970 Cycling 1000 (m) Time

Trial L. King (C) 1 5
1970 Cycling 10 Mile V. Stauble (C) 1 4

1971 Cali. Weightlifting S. Bailey (P) 1 4
1971 Athletics 200 (m) E. Roberts (P) 1 4
971 Athletics 4 x 400 (m) T. James Bernard,
Roberts (P). 1 4
1971 Cvrlin lAnn /' "T--

'J """a)



uu (m). l me
1000 (m) Match

L. King. (P)

L. King (P)
T. &T

-Athletics Shows''''

M A' L dad

tally the same.
The points awarded were
based on the unofficial points
scoring system of the Olympic
Games seven for first place,
five for second place, and four
for third place. If a relay team,
for example, has three Trini-
dadians.on it, according to my
chart, Trinidad/Tobago receives
three quarters,of the points
which the entire team has
earned. This accounts'for the
fractions that appear in the
chart from time to time.

The symbols (0), (P), and
(C), placed after each compe-
titor's name indicate the Games
involved- Olympic, Pan Ameri-
can, or Commonwealth. All
Trinidadians have been included
in this chart irrespective of the
country he ,or she may have
representedat any of the Games.
Since this chart represents
the contribution of Trinidadian
competitors of these games, an
outstanding individual like Mc-
Donald Bailey is included al-
though he ran for England. In
fact, he has the biggest file of
all the competitors I researched.


For whom is this chart
useful? All sports lovers. But it
will be especially useful to tiose
who love to talk about sports
and never have the facts,,to
team selectors, sporting organi-
sations, bettors, sports commis--
sions in sitting, especially ath-
letics, and to young sports fans
who believe that Trinidad/To-
'--- *,nter.?,'tthe world sports-.
scene in the sixties.
ll sorts of analyses can
and will be extrapolated from
this chart by other individuals
in due course. Here are some
choice tidbits inthe meantime.
The first Trinidadian to win an
Olympic medal was Rodney
Wilkes (London, 1948). The
Trinidadian who has made the
greatest tangible contribution
in terms of medals is Edwin
Roberts. His name appears nine
times in the chart. An athlete,
Mike Agostini, and the cele-
brated Rodney Wilkes, tie for
second place, their names ap-
pearing seven times each.


The first and only woman
to gain a medal in these big,
international games is Thora
Best in the 80m hurdles. The
individual who has scored the
most points in these games is
Roger Gibbon with a total of
forty points.
Athletics has a commanding
lead over other sports in medals
won and points scored. Athletes
have scored 123 3/4 points and
have garnered 27 medals in all.
Next are the weight lifters who
have scored 89 points and have
won 17 medals.
Third is cycling 65 points
and 11 medals.
Therefore, the big three
medal winners at top flight in-
ternational games are athletics,
weightlifting, and cycling.
Other points scorers and
medallists are hockey (1 silver
and 1 bronze) and football (1
bronze). Of all the sports that
have delegates on the TTOA
and have never scored one
points for Trinidad/Tobago are
badminton, boxing, fencing,
lawn tennis, rifle shooting,
swimming and yachting.




'B ArA An

Shadowman I crown
you King an' to ras wit' dem
who on top say no
all ah we hear Dimache Gras
nite de people say:
"We want Shadow!" Shadowman
dem people on top
ain' hear your clear litany.
Shadowman when I
tell you I dig dem clean through
dis year an'I know
de architect who buil' de Hil
ton model it on
dis town: de whole damn country
upside down. Lemme
begin J'ouvert morning de
sun risin' orange an'ah
little boy up in
de canopied rhythm sect
ion he eyes shinin'
wit'pure joy because de pans
lock one behine de udder
no car cyar pass dey
Kings of the Road come out to
play an' Queens de heads
plaited in rows of black cane
faces fresh vibrant strong
like the sinewy hands rip
lin 'acrosspan singin' dis
Tom Tom
Tom Tom Ti Tom
Tom Tom Tom Tom
Tom Tom Tom Tom
Calypsoman sing
your song of steel Panman ring
your steel song Brother
man lissen: leh wemakewe ..
blow blow blow blow blow blow blow.

An' leh we ain take
on dem people who playing'
dey ain' know where dat
sound coming from welling up
inside dem cockroach
riddled old Spanish style house
decrepit barracks
clotting the heart of dis town
split up hovels where
de people live separated by
matchwood thin walls by
flimsy cheap curtains where de
people eke out their
lives. An' Shadowman I dig
your pain watching' dem
children grow more in de road
because dey ain' have
room in dem house an' dem an'
dat is de pain buoyed
only by the hope dat dey
ain'go have to face
like we dis desolate landscape.
Is de children who
does make meh stomach flex tight
meh head burn with de
terror de memory of dat
horror when de ole
man come home drunk again 'an
de anger de rage
he ain' ever understand 'far
less explain fly up
in breaking glass cussin' no
ass smashing up his
New World because oh god dey
asking' too high ah
price; yes dem New World
people wi' dey progress an'
dey success tyin'
We down to dat old morass
de slime an de mud
of dat tortured past mudderass!
Shadowman one nite
de ole man lean back tall lithe
cuff meh little sis'
straight in she face de girl so
delicate like dem
vein in red pepper tree leaf
but if you see she

Raoui Pantin

stan' up, woman wit' Spanish
blood de arrogance
defeating;!ut'ait ;i pa in
bawling' because -
too young to understand dat fury
dat twist of love-hate:
dat single dimension to
dis constant lunacy
what dare in your song in
your head in the hint
of dawn rising to the ring
of this litany
Tom Tom
Tom Tom Ti Tom
Tom Tom Tom Tom
Tom Tom Tom Tom
Abba Abba my
father I didn't know why
couldn't grasp it when
de same old fury raged me
back back I went through my whole
life to piece together
de jigsaw puzzle: images
of de Poor House where
ah man commit suicide ah
day de blood running
like water down dem concrete
steps where as children
growing up among dem black
children from down de
road, dat long ago road we used
to play. Atavistic
perhaps but instinct propelled
me back through it all
an' one nite dis calypso
season Jazzy tell
me, shakin' he head shakin'
he head: "Ah doe know
how your ole man catch he as,
so. Dat man used to
give way three-four hundred to
all ah dem pardners ".
Conscience money, Abba, to
pay for what you had
to sleep with in de nite de
money you earning' in dey
world dat paying for
your brain papa an your head
cyar res' because you
hearing' what de call Bassman
calling you back back
to de poor. Shadowman men

are still prepared to
Play mad go beserk rather
dan break rather dan
take Crown. Crown Life. Crown Bread. Crown
meh arse. Shadowman
at stop rite here in dis town
an'ah watch dem come
an 'go, little boys an 'girls
you use to go to
school wit' tun beas' turn
away or coming in from
de country hot in pursuit
of success burn dey
bridges behind dem because
treachery is de
price dey mus' pay an it ain'
me is Stalin who
say while dey sitting 'in dey
aircondition boxes
de people jus' dying' and'
dyin' and dyin'.
S Me? Wit' me farseness an de
rage building in me head one day I go asking:
rage building in meh
head one day I go asking:
"Hear nuh You ain' have
no conscience at all at all?"
And hear de token
answer which is all token
niggers, bastards!, say:
"I dose let de maid children
come and watch TV "
So dey could brush dey teet
wit' Colgate an' be
forever maids' children child
ren maids. J'ouvert morning ah
watch dem all day ah
w?, dpm hank clerk businessman
Norman Parkinson of course
jumpin' to de Bass
pan not hearing' de Bassman
dey eyes close not in
ecstasy as de cliche dull
Press go say nex' day.
Dey ain' want to see or hear
dey playing' mas play
in'de ass of sweet pan sweet
brass sweet beat sweet breasts
liberated until Ash
Wednesday when back to
dem aircondition boxes dey
return sunk repressed
in stiff collar an' tie tight
skirt fitting proper.
Shadowman de pain
seeing' dese children grow in
In, dis unreal world
Cuts deep an' deeper still an'
is only pray ah pray
in' dat dem behine we ain'
go have tuh walk dis
lunar landscape where de shit
hounds frozen in their
mediocrity continue
to rise still to the
top still manipulate de
levers of tropical
capitalism still make
Naipaul's "I'm a fourth
rather but I live in a
third rate society true
truer now perhaps than then.
Shadowman, ras' dem!
0 Calypsoman sing your
song of steel Panman
ring your tuned steel song Trumpet
man blow blow blow blow
an' Brotherman hold on
for we tuh link dis
whole new clear sweet symphony.
Lissen Shadowman
I hear your throb litany
Tom Tom
Tom Tom Ti Tom
Tom Tom Tom Tom
Tom Tom Tom Tom






T~s. An1drea Talbuttq
Research Institute fcr
Sttdy of vn,
162, ~3~ i~lr LS", et
I-TONT YORCI, N.Y. .0021,
Ph. Lehigh 5 8L148,




DON'T write off Sheldon
Gomes! The Trinidad No.
,4 batsman who has had a
disappointing run of low
scores in the recently con-
cluded Shell Shield series!
is much too good a cricket-
er to be failing so often.
Sheldon has his coun-
terparts in players such as
Nyron Asgarali and, in par-
ticular, Ton- Graveney who
.did not show his true worth
:statistically until his
If a No. 4 batsman fails to
score consistently he ought to
be iJ 1.. '
-.----. vn .-t.- r surd. Comes
has sivwn. his technical su-
periority over his rivals for-the

No. 4 berth in the trials. How- that he either has a nervous
ever, on the big occasion he problem or he lacks big match
has rarely lived up to the ex- temperament. Of course, a pair
pectations he generates in the on his debut two to three
trials. In the trials prior to the years ago has affected his con-
commencement of the Shell fidence tremendously. How
Shield he scored a century off ever, I think his failures are due
Trinidad's spinners noted for to extraordinary bad luck plus
their penetration on the Oval the eternal problem of aspiring
pitch. Of course the atmos- West Indian cricketers in-
phere of a trial match and a sufficient first class cricket.
Shell Shield match are differ- While Sheldon's brother,
ent, yet a century off Trini- Larry has been Trinidad's most
dad's spinners is nevertheless in form batsman this season, I
no little achievement, don't think he is a better
cricketer than Sheldon. The
NERVOUS only difference between the
,,',, &u -aom ...aott more cricket.
tent batsman, worthy of na- The contrast in perform-
tional selection. Why then the ance between the two brothers
'recurring failures? It is said brings sharply into focus the

S '
difference between. tiwo-good,. "
cricketers, one of whom- has
remained at home and another
who has left to play profes-
sionally abroad.
A County cricketer in Eng-
land plays every day and on
Sunday he plays forty over
cricket. A WI cricketer resident
in the West Indies, plays four
Shield matches and at most
two or three more additional
matches, at that level (touring

same system which produced
Kalliecharan and Rowe and the
other West Indian greats. But
there are two kinds of good
cricketers, the "naturals" and
the self made player. Examples
of both types may be found in
Kalliecharan and Boycott both
of whom are great batsmen, yet
the way in wl. they develop-
ed are distinctly different and
well known to cricket enthusi-
The system in the West
Indies only caters for the na-
turals and the exceptional ones
at that. In other words if
Boycott played in the West
Indies he would never have
been the cricketer he is today.
'Not all cricketers can be like
Kalliecharan, successful from
his very first series.
Boycott through continu-
ing competition and concen-
tration and hard work made
himself into a great cricketer.
That is not to say that Kallie-
charan does not concentrate or
any thing like that or that
County Cricket in England has
not smoothen the rough edged,
in his batting.
What we have to do inthe
West Indies is to devise a sys-.
tem that will cater for the slow
and late developers. We can't

tournament Schedule

Tournament Schedule





ON THIS Saturday, March Gill and David Brewster.
9, the Tunapuna Tigers National players Stephen
Table Tennis Club will .Wade.rand Lionel Darceuil -
hold a Tennis tournament the Caribbean mens singles
among its members. A to- Champion who are members
tal of twenty-eight mem- of the Tigers club will not be
bers are listed to take part competing. Instead the two
in the tournament. Prizes stars will participate in an ex-
are to be awarded to the hibition game at the end of
the Tournament.
overall winner, the runner-
up, and to the most out- The coming tournament
standing player. represents another outstanding
An interesting feature of achievement on the part of the
.the Tournament is that there 'Tigers. The club was founded
is no separation between men jin 1964 by Hollis Bailey and
ana women. One of the strong- 'has become over the years a
lest challenges for the title of breeding ground for talented
!champion is expected to come players.
from Margaret Gill.. Other The club'has also made a
strong contenders :in the tour- significant contribution to the
nament are J. Gonsalves.- a community life in that it has
former member of the .Na- proved a place of recreation
tonal team R; Hackett ken and entertainment for many of


the unemployed men and wo-
men in the Tunapuna Area.
With a membership of over
50 the Tigers are not resting on
their now considerable laurels.
Plans are already afoot to ex-
pand their activities into other
areas. Within the next few
weeks the Tigers shall be send-
ing teams into such places like
Las Lomas, Tabaquite and
Sangre Grande.
.The Tigers still face proh-
lems of a lack of,a permanent
club house and shortage of
equipment, and recently they
launched an appeal to the
Tunapuna community for a
Saturday's totrrnametwnrshall
take place at the' Ttraipuna
Community Centre and .all
friends .and sstoporrers are in-
vited to attend .





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