Vol. 3, No. 18
SUNDAY MAY 6, 1973
FOQ THlE STUDY OF
162 EAST 78 STREII
NEW YORK 2- f~ ~
-M AY^a 73
rIp'I I I
UP TO Thursdal last. no -olutiio, had : et been reI.:cli
to end the strike at Orange Groue. Both sides, after a 312
hour long meeting on Monda., were locked in a stale-
Workers have however begun to take th' necessarN
precautions in the event that the struggle turns out to
be long and drawn out.
As a step in this direction, the workers on Mondai\ lIjt formed
from among themselves a Workers' Committee
The Committee. comprising some I1 workers. \\as iitelf popular\
elected b\ the show of hands, and wj, gitenii mnndaie to represent
the interests of the workers.
This was done in recogruiton
of the absence of any effective
bargaining bod\. though uork-
ers agreed to have Dickson .
Emer, "Vice President of the '
,Al Trinidad Lnion asa member
of the negotiating team.
TOP RIGHT Wrorrr, On ':Sr,l
BOTTOM LEFT F ,Vork.-r' Conmr-n...e-
BOTTOr. RIGH-T 1.11t At isr,,3i,
CENTRE Won-cr, -.r, :rr.i.
Fitzroy Wanza, a member
-of the Workers' Committee,
iofi.hlfi~;:dlectioh_.saidtlhat "ha t. ,
was now -being attempted was'
He recounted previous at-
tempts made by a number of
workers during the last crop
to institute a Workers' Com-
mittee. But they had failed,
he said, to persuade the workers.
The current struggle, Wanza
felt, was above race, colour,
and creed. "I would do what
you want," he continued, "but
support I need."
After the Workers' Com-
mittee was formed, Winston
Lennard, representing the Is-
land-wide Canefarmers Union,
warned the workers that the
company was playing a waiting
game in order to break the
spirit of militancy.
But that line must be main-
tained, in particular when they
get on the picket line.
Later on Monday afternoon
the Committee met with
Management and the Minister
of Labour in the hope of
resolving the impasse.
But no solution was in sight.
A spokesman for the workers'
reported that as far as the
Minister of Labour was con-
cerned the issue was not Hunte
and Tello, but rather how to
improve the profits of the
However the Committee
SYL LOWHAR ON:
IVAN LAUGHLIN ON:
managed to persuade the Minis-
ter that a team, comprised of
the Board of Directors, the
workers and himself should
make a tour of the premises
in the factory and field the
the workers were making against
Hunte and Tello.
It was hoped that such an The Minister did not show
exercise would give concrete up for the tour.
examples of the case which MORE ON PAGE 2
I mm m -
SUNDAY MAY 6, 1973
"NOW we're hearing all manner of contrary
things which continue to contradict the facts
behind the current impasse at Orange Grove.
From the Express Editor's desk the issue of
Hunte and Tello is probably a smoke screen
for a real grievance. Ben Primus, ex-radical,
and now indefatigable Chairman of so many
national enterprises has blamed the current
impasse on the presence of outside instigators.
Urilton Pierre, ex-contender for power in
the OWTU and now General Manager claims
that there is not an issue as such. The issue of
Hunte and Tello is not really a decision for
These represent just part of the official
responses to the crisis at Orange Grove. And
it seems calculated to cause confusion among
the ranks of the workers, and to mislead the
rest of us."
Next week the official response to
the sugar workers grouses.
STANDSTILL TEL Lt .i'
BOTTOM: ;. ", ,.. '
WORKERS ;. '
WHEN HUMAN RIGHTS and Fundamental Freedoms was being discussed at the
National Convention on Monday April 30, much was said concerning the freedom of
Speaking on behalf of public servants, James Manswell, the secretary of the PSA said
that in his opinion most of the weeklies were political rags, but that he supported the
view that press freedom should be given a special place in the Constitution. To do this,
he argued, is to safeguard against Dictatorship since a free press and a Dictatorship cannot
exist side by side.
This statement was very re-
assuring if only because Mr.
Nathaniel Crichlow, president
of the Trade Union Congress
of which the PSA is a member
had earlier revealed that some-e
time ago a boycott of the
handling of newsprint by work-
ers on the docks was con- c ris is
I r^ s01
Such a move would have
amounted to a very dangerous
precedent which would not
only have put a large number
of workers in the printing in-
dustry out of employment but
would have created an open-
ing for the Government to
tamper with the supply of
newsprint as a further means
of suppressing opposition. In
neighboring Guyana, Mr. Burn-
ham has already shown how
this can be done.
This is not to say that we
condone the conduct of the
press in Istifling; public opinion,
or in casting mud on individuals,
or simply in refusing to report
Journalists will have their
own political preferences. What
they should avoid is the sub-
stitution of their personal judge-
ments in the place of the news.
In this way a lot of damage is
being done to the cause of
trade unions, workers and radi-
cal political organizations.
Even rags can serve the pur-
pose of shining the beacon of
light. The Trade Union move-
ment itself will always need
newsprint in communicating
with its members, and in seeking
the sympathy and support of
the rest of the society.
If it happens not to have
vibrant news organs that can
only be interpreted as a sad
commentary on its leadership.
In 1970 it was the wide
coverage in the press which
gave impetus to the February
"Black Power March in the
City" was a headline which
struck the country like a thun-
derbolt. Photographs of the
marches and political meetings
were like magnets attracting
people from all over the country
to the People's Parliaments.
That was as it should be.
The press should mirror the
happenings in the society. But
let us be frank about it. One
of the reasons why these popu-
list institutions suddenly sprang
up was that for too long had
the press been failing the people
by suppressing the views of
the new movement. And so
i was perhaps symbolic that
the windows of the National
Newspaper, the Express were
among the first to be broken.
Since- then the press has
yielded to the pressures of
the Establishment. The Govern-
ment has been active in its
censorship, a habit which has
remained as a hangover from
two States of Emergency.s.
A Sedition Act has been
passed, forcing editors to be
Much of the censorship that
goes on in the press is self-
induced. In the absence of
a tradition of free expression
even those few journalists who
have had the spirit to fight for
freedom have had to resign
their jobs or cease to practise
Some are still struggling
within their organizations but
the institutional framework re-
mains. JATT has not proved
to be a liberating force.
Since the February Revolu-
tion the reaction in the daily
press has stultified the growth
of radical politics. Priority is
given to State business rather
than the people's.
In this crisis of representa-
tion the two things are un-
fortunately not the same. Police
crime diary and ministers' ad-
Idresses are blown up to buttress
the forces of "law and order".
Little analysis of the under-
lying causes of the malaise
Of the statements made be-
fore the Constitution Commi-
ssion criticism of the Govern-
ment's policy and questions
about its legitimacy are system-
atically watered down to reduce
their effectiveness. The radio
stations have been much more
impartial in this regard.
Emerging from a colonial
past when all standards of
excellence were imported from
abroad, when the analysis from
Mayfair was esteemed more
highly than our view of our-
selves it is not surprising that
the media through which these
values are advertised is proving
to be a bastion that cannot
easily bend before the winds
We do not agree with Senator
Tull that the National News-,
paper is a National Disgrace.
The problems of professionals
in the media are too complex.
That Williams on coming to
power could have declared war
on the Trinidad Guardian, and
committed it to the flames as
one of the greatest sins, and
still find it today stronger than
ever, is evidence of that com-
That he could have George
John, ex-editor of the Daily
Mirror which was shut down,
as his Public Relations Officer
today is even more perplexing.
What we do say is that a
free press is vital if power to
the people is to be a reality;
that rather than seeking special
privileges under the notorious
Sedition Act,journalists should
have been the first to oppose
it in the fight for freedom
Continued on Page 12
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I I IP I I I I --C _- I _
PAGE 2 TAPIA
SUNDAY MAY 6,1973
The children of Hanoi return to a school.
HANOI is once again
full of children's laughter.
The Pioneers, with their
red scarves on their necks,
march through the streets
in the early morning, on
their way to school.
On Sunday, some schools
march with their musical bands
and ,their banners, filling the
city with the sound of drums.
More than 380,000 children
attend school in Hanoi. This is
15% more than last year, says
Nguyen Due Nghinh, chief aide
to the Minister of Education.
In some schools the pupils
help in rebuilding the-sports
fields and classrooms that were
closed for long months. The
An Doung school opened with
thirteen pupils and one teacher
less; they were killed during
the B-52 bombing raids last
The school was partially
destroyed. Teachers and pupils
now help the workers rebuild
the walls and roofs of the
school. The An Duong school
also has a niche filled with
flowers and a sign which says,
"Let us remember the teachers
Commission into eiceket
and pupils killed by US bombs."
Right now, the children of
Vietnam attend classes half a
day only, so that all will have a
chance to use the limited school
facilities. There are places, such
as in the cities of Hong Gai and
Cam Pha, where all the schools
were bombed out.
S"We have few teaching means.
We have to make huge efforts
to overcome the difficulties
caused by the war, but we are
certain that we will obtain new
successes in peacetime," says
One of the biggest preoccu-
pations of the Ministry of Edu-
cation is the orphaned child.
Very precise orders have been
given to all authorities to create
TAPIA PAGE 3
TI DW R
Rebuilding the clarooms.
facilities for orphaned children
to continue their studies.
"We have decided to increase
the number of work-and-study
schools. A few years ago we
began to organize this type of
school in the countryside, and
in the cities, linked to the
industries"relates the minister's
Hanoi already has four
senior high schools which are
linked to factories. The students
receive regular courses and at
the same time help produce
goods in the workshops installed
in the schools.
The immediate task of the
Ministry of Education is to
enroll all children six years old
in the schools, a task that the
junior high-school students are
helping out iri.
In the cityjof Hanoi alone,
84 schools were destroyed or
seriously damaged by the
bombings. This gives one an
idea of the huge efforts North
Vietnam must make in this
In the Vinh Linh district,
the southernmost part of North
Vietnam, the children had to be
evacuated to the province of
Thanh Hoa and there continue
their classes in places dispersed
over the countryside.
In the four provinces which
make up the so-called Fourth
Military Zone, hundreds of
schools were destroyed by
bombs. More than four million
people live in this area.
We still do not know exactly
how many schools we shall
have to build, says the North
Vacations will be very short
this year for the children of
Vietnam. There will be schools
but no holidays, because "we
have to make maximum use of
The government has given
priority to the building of
schools. If the war could not
stop Vietnamese children from
attending classes, now in peace-
time, teachers and pupils are
working hard to attain the
"Two Excellences" in study
THE COMMISSION of
Enquiry into Cricket in
Trinidad is an important
one. For years there has
been grumbling by people
all around the country over
the way in which the sport
is administered here.
Queen's Park has con-
tinuously tried to counter
this by tokenism of all sorts
and has been totally in-
sensitive to the fact that it
is the national game. In the
meantime no serious at-
tempt has been made to
bring the sport under pro-
per popular control.
On the other side, other
clubs and leagues have never
had the courage to stand up
and openly challenge Queen's
Park. It is unfortunate that it
was the government who had
to bring things to a head; but
the evidence was there that if
they did not the cricketing
public would have. We must
now prove ourselves by getting
the changes we want and work-
The enquiry will bring a lot
of things out in the open the
constitution of the Trinidad
Cricket Council, the way the
Oval itself is run, the important
work of the minor leagues etc.
This will be most valuable
information for the cricketing
public to have in organising
itself properly. But there are
dangers. In the same way as the
messiahship of Queen's Park
could not run cricket properly,
so too would any other messiah-
group: government or other-
-'In the long run the cricket-
ing public clubs, leagues,
umpires etc., must constitute
themselves into a proper govern-
ing body and work to achieve
proper cricket administration.
They must take up their beds
The time for grumbling has
ended. It is now time for
action. If we expect to sit back
and just be satisfied for one
group to take over from the
other it will be from the frying
pan into the fire; from Queen
Victoria and pepper-corn rentals
to something much worse.
The feeling that we are pre-
pared to work is there; we must
prove it. Baldwin Mootoo
THE BEST PLACE TO BUY BOOKS
sO O SteSAhens
PORT OF SPAIN SAN FERNANDO
PAGE 4 TAPIA
THE SELECTORS have
named their 16 players for
the short tour of England
several of the players
would have picked them--
,K.hnhai as Captain was
obvious the vice-captain
is a more difficult task
Which has been left for the
entire West Indian Cricket
Board to select at its meet-
ing next month.
With Sobers available for the
test matches, taking'as many
'as 16 other players left room
'for. experimenting with a few
faces in this respect David
' Murray, the young Barbadian
wicketkeeper-batsman is the
'most exciting selection; special-
ly at this stage when we lack
a top class keeper. But the
imagifiation or courage of the
selectors seems to have ended
SUNDAY MAY 6, 1973
With Sobers in for the tests,
it is very curious that Boyce,
Julien, Holder, and Shillingford
should all be on the touring
A young man with potential
like Holding from Jamaica or
even th9 unknown Barbadian
Gregory Armstrong whom Gary'
Sobers, Hall and Griffith all
think has real potential could
have been included at the ex-
pense of one of these foul -
the gamble was worth taking.
Geoff Greenidge lost his
place and Camacho has beeri
recalled. The latter had a very
.good tour of England in 1.69,
and seems to have corrected
his weakness of hooking. '
Greenidge, on the other
hand, had-his defence pene-
treated throughout this tour and
it is not surprising that he lost
his place. He must now' go
back to county cricket and
tighten his defence. The board
however must not forget him,
and failure to make this tour
must not mean his end in West
Lloyd has been the luckiest
Player. One would love to see
him as a certainty on the team
but I am convinced that his
technique will never make him
a test batsman, and I could
only see him holding his place
if he was also a useful bowler.
But since his back injury, his
bowling has slowed down, and
even his fielding in the covers
is no longer dazzling. I would
love to be 'proven wrong on
this for he seems to have real
leadership qualities and would
certainly be the next logical
captain of the side if only
he could hold his place on it.
The batting potential is there
but our batsien have to play
like test cricketers.- 30's and
40's are not enough they
have to, settle down. and' play
long innings. Away from the
off-the-field pressures at home
one expects the batting to
prosper and a lot of runs are,
expected from the bats of both
Kallicharan and Rowe.
The manager for this tour
has not been named as yet -:
this is a terribly important job,
and a wrong choice can wreck
this tour as well.
The annual meeting of the
board takes place at the end of
SMay. There are several import-
ant things that should be con-.
sidered. The whole Gary Sobers
affair should be properly aired
it disturbed all the players
and' they, need to be reassured
that this kind of thing will not
be allowed to happen again.
The whole selections board
needs re-constituting and, new.
faces age required: Having made .
a mess of this tour, the present
selection board,lacking already
in imagination, now, have also
lost confidence in Themselves
after the recent public reaction
;.The method .dfselectin fd6
fuithre Eiginsh tours should als'. '
be looked into. we cart 'ke
. ad-actage-~eq thri.fiact -thitl.o
many West .Indian players are
playing county cricket by ar-
ranging with the counties to,
make them available for test
In this way, we need name
only about 10 experienced
players and five or six really
young people with a lot of
potential. These will make up
the touring party, but our test
teams can be picked from them
and any West Indian players in
the league who are showing
form at the time.
LINDEN is now being
transformed from a mining
town into a settled cornm-
munity and the Guyana
Bauxite Company Limited
is actively promoting this
GUYBAU Chairman, Mr.
Patterson Thompson, spoke to
journalists at the Hilton Hotel
last Wednesday, April 25 and
stressed this as one of the
"intangible but real benefits"
of the controversial, national-
ization of the Company by the i
The, change has meant an
improvement in health services.
Apart from development of
the McKenzie hospital, a new
hospital is due to be completed
by the end of this year.
THE ECUADORIAN people are still waiting for the
Government of General Guillermo Rodriguez Lara to ini-
tiate the social justice and structural changes he promised
them on February 16, 1972, after ousting President Jose
Maria Velasco Ibarra.
In his first proclamation to the people, the former
commander-in-chief of the Army restored the 1945
Constitution, regarded as the most democratic and radical
in the republican history of Ecuador, and promised pro-
found social transformations to benefit the masses.
The people received these promises with a cautious
optimism since on more than 50 occasions they had heard
the words "Justice, bread and work", as contained in the
17 constitutions Ecuador has had since 1830.
The coup eliminated the
elections that were scheduled
for June 4 and truncated the
presidential term of Velasco
Ibarra, an octogenarian populist
who had dominated the poli-
tical scene for decades.
The traditional political par-
ties reacted to the coup with
silence, a reflection of their
bankruptcy. They have limited
themselves to making occasional
moderate demands for a return
However, the present govern-
ment does not plan an immer
diate return to representative
democracy. The FiveYear Deve-
lopment Plan, for example,
stipulates administration by the
military for several years to
The first year of the military
government has been character-
ized by a struggle between
opposing tendencies which have
made official policy difficult
The first manifestation of
these, contradictions emerged
when the commander-in-chiet
of the Navy and Air Force,
Rear Admiral Reinaldo Vallejo
Vivas, and retired General Julio
Espinosa Pineda ,resigned from
the Council of Government, a
legislative and controlling body
which was later dissolved.
At the same time, the Minis-
ter of Decence, retired general
Victor Aulestia Mier, began to
play a more important role as
the regime's policy maker. A
friend of Washington and a
fervent admirer of the Brazilian
"miracle," Aulestia Mier has
become the most important
government figure after General.
On May 11, the first palace
crisis' and the regime's first
political show of hands took
place. Removed from their posts
were the ministers of interior
and production, Navy Captain
Gotardo Valdivieso Tovar (to-
day a retired rear admiral) and
Army Colonel Carlos Rodolfo
Valdivieso Tovar had been
one of the strongest opponents
of Aulestia Mier, and Proano
apparently was not looked upon
highly by the US petroleum-
companies, nor by the land-
Their removal (Proano was
stripped of military rank and is
believed to be in exile in Costa
Rica) was interpreted by some
as an official turn to the right
and a consolidation of the
position of the minister of
Aulestia Mier's influence
grew during his temporary con-
trol of the Ministry of Interior
(Government) during which he
virtually had maximum state
power. He accentuated the fas-
cist trends in government when
he threatened to suspend the
political rights of regime oppo-
nents, in a faithful imitation of
thepostulates of the Brazilian
He also laid down the bases
for the crbati6n of Special
Courts by decree outside the
framework of the traditional
court system, in order to facili-
tate legal proceedings against
"embezzling and subversion". '
Since their creation last July,
the Special Courts have been
applauded by hard-line propo-
nents both within and without
the government. But they also
gave rise to serious polemics
among broad sectors of the
public who look upon these
courts as instruments which
In contrast to the silence of
the political parties, student
protest, initially localized in
some secondary schools, be-
came generalized and reached
its highest level last August.
From rejecting the present edu-
cational system, a vestige of the
past, most students began to
directly question official policy
Many schools were shut
down, while long strikes para-
lized Guyaquil's Polytechnic
School of Advanced Studies
(a university-level institution)
and the Catholic University.
Student actions were repressed,
frequently by anti-riot vehicles
and trained dogs.
Scores of students were ar-
rested, others were expelled
from the schools, and some are
on the list of 28 political
prisoners, along with writer
Jaime Galarza Zavala and the
secretary-general of the Revo-
lutionary Socialist Party (PSR),
The arrest of Maldonado, a
university professor and former
vice president of the University
Student Federation of Ecuador
(FEUE), and of Galarza Zavala,
author of the books, El Festin
del Petroleo and Yugo Feudal,
unleashed a wave of protest
throughout the country.
Two hundred intellectuals
signed a document demanding.
their release and the Catholic
Church, through its spokesman,
Cardinal Pablo Munoz Vega,
asked the government to respect
the prisoners and to abide by
the World Declaration of Human
A -At the end of December,
the entire cabinet resigned to
give Rodriguez Lara "freedom
to choose his colleagues." It
was officially announced in
early January that General Au-
lestia Mier had "personally"
requested to be appointed Am-
bassador to West Germany.
Still remaining, however, are
the institutions' created by
Aulestia Mier, the profound
Effects his exercise of power
left on the government struc-
ture, and his anti-social mea-,
sures. The Special courts still
exist and Galarza and Fernando
Maldonado are still in jail.
Also in effect is the National
Security Law, described as
"militaristic and repressive".
There is also the National Coun-
cil which applies the law and
which has granted powers
to Aulestia Mier, projecting
iii in 'in ~m
him as a possible replacement
for Rodriguez Lara.
In foreign policy, the govern-
ment has put into practice its
claims over a 200-mile territo-
rial water limit, also defended
by the governments of Peru
It expanded its relations with
the countries of the Andean
subregional group, reestablished
diplomatic relations with Haiti,
and supported a UN motion
to include the case of Puerto
Rico on the agenda of the
In the field of petroleum,
the minister of natural resources
and power, Navy Captain Gus-
Stavo Jarrin Ampudia, instituted
temporary amendments to the
Petroleum Law, establishingthe
reversion to the State of 60%
of the land granted to foreign
oil companies, and a substantial
increase in rents per hectare.
The prices of national petrq-
leum were also raised to:com-
pensate the effects of the de-
valuation of the dollar and to
meet the growing demand for
petroleum on the world market.
The government, has also1
created a Navy-controlled na-
tional petroleum fleet in part-
nership with a Japanese com-
pany. It created the Ecuadorian
State Petroleum Corporation
(CEPE) and is undertaking pre-
liminary studies with a US firm
for the construction of a state
refinery which will be bid for
on the international market.
Continued on Page 8
fIN~lE iiI II VlI
-T m I mr F=.
I You always
wanted her to
makes it easy -
and an ideal
HAVE A DEMONSTRATION TODAY
NATIONWIDE AGENTS AND STOCKISTS
SUNDAY MAY 6, 1973
TAPIA PAGE 5
PSAlG 6o TA-' tUNDAY
I FEEL THE grave responsibility of having
to speak-as it were for so many who should
have been here, of having to persuade this
assembly that if we fail to mobilise this coun-
try behind a constitution that can secure the
rights for our people, blood will flow much
more than it is flowing now.
The blood of Bailey, Basil Davis, Valentine,
de Masia, Allan Caton, Beddow, Cowie, De
Vignes, Santa Claus and Pritchard would be
pale compared with the crimson sunset that
would stain our land. Let us be clear about it.
Their lives have been sacrificed in the process
of revolution. And this Convention Centre is
the final retreat'of the struggle, the last hope
for a glorious solution.
Last night I was reflecting on an experience which
I had exactly three years ago -, April 29, 1970.
About 11.30, just before midnight a squad car pulled
up .n front of my house. I had no doubt that it was
the police because the curfew was on.
There was a heavy knock on the door. I switched
on the light and asked who it was. It was the police. I
opened the door to find a plain clothes policeman
pointing a rifle at my chest. "Your name is Syl
"We come for you.'Get ready."
H e then followed me into.the bedroom, made a
flourish with his gun under the bed. He stood there
watching and waiting, and would not allow me the
ordinary privacy to 'change my clothes or even to
part with my wife. Already she had become strong.
A few days before, a party of about 10 or 12
policeman had surrounded and ransacked the house
searching for guns and ammunition. The leader, one,
Sargeant Young. went so far as to open her handbag
and began to read her private letters. When instinct-
ively she snatched at the bag he pushed her aside and
threatened to shoot her. .
SArelative opened the fridge aid she was chucked
aside. They thought that she was reaching for a gun
in the deep-freeze. They have improved their technique
since. Nowadays there would have been a shootout,
and a gun would have reached her hand.
In the face of this terrorthe wife asked for the
warrant. Evidently that did not occur to the police-
man. It was a great relief to him when I said, "under
the State of Emergency they do not need a warrant".
"Madame, under the State of Emergency we do not
need a warrant," he repeated. Not even some clothes
was I allowed to carry with me, and it took weeks
before permission was granted for some to be sent to
me. I watched my two boys sleeping. They sleep to
dream. I dream to change the world.
I sat in the back between two policemen, behind
two more in front all in plain clothes. Only twice
was the silence broken. On Sagan Drive we saw
another squad car in front of Pat Emmanuel's home.
One of them referred to that outfit as "strong arm".
I am sure that the reputation was well earned. The
road was completely deserted. Ours was the only
light. At Jumbie Bridge a cyclist without light crossed
the road. He turned out to be another policeman on
on patrol. He was warned to be careful because he
was almost shot.
At Police Heqdquarters we were taken to an
officer in plain clothes who sagged in his chair under
the weight of work and sleep. On seeing us he threw
up his hands in despair. I knew that his heart was not
in the job. That was a consolation. I cannot say the
same for Selman and the rest who stripped us naked
in the presence of all, and told us that we would be
informed of the charge in due course.
In the charge room some of the policemen were
drunk. We saw the glasses and the open bottles of
whisky a whole case of the stuff. I understand that
some businessmen paid very generously for protection.
The cell, as Mr. Ottley has said, is not fit for dogs.
But you should have seen it then, you would puke.
Men had to lie on cold bare concrete under the
infernal heat of a high-powered bulb that hurt the
eye. Air did not circulate, natural light did not
shine. There was no way of knowing the time of day
except by the heightening of traffic on St. Vincent
Street. Victor Marcano has told you of the over-
crowding, 30 in a small cell with a stinking cesspit
overflowing in the middle. We had no toilet paper.
We had to use newsprint which we begged for to make
sheets. Some had to stand for hours that others might
get a little sleep.
It is a hell-hole, a dungeon designed to break the
spirit of men into slaves that had not changed for a
century. The iron hoops that held the chains were
rusting but still there. It is this state of the prisons
which cries out in resounding damnation against the
inhumanity of this PNM neo-colonialist, regime. There
on that bedrock, on the lowest rung of the colonial
ladder, we felt the plight of our kidnapped ancestor,
stripped of all human rights.
We in Trinidad and Tobago have never been libera-
ted. All previous Acts, from Emancipation in 1834 to
Independence, have been granted from above. Colonies
were for the most part outside the pale of the State,
beyond the boundary. That is why municipal Govern-
ment was so important. Burgesses who satisfied the
qualifications were given some degree of citizenship.
For years City fathers like yourself have been the sole
source of opposition to Crown Colony Rule.
So we are regarded as infants without minds of
our own, wards of the mother country which im-
proved our status as we developed from a Colony of
,the Crown to representative, responsible, full internal
self-government and Independence.
SWe, should have had full citizenship at the juncture
of Independence. But no. Sir Ellis Clarke, that.
monarchist, now Governor-General interpreted our
Independence as the birth of a nation which was yet
to attain the age of reason.
That fiction required us to endure another seven
years before he advised that we were' ready for
Republican status in' 1969. Indeed by that time we
had outgrown our age. The popular cry was Power
to the People!
I suppose that all during that time the Prime
Minister who signed on our behalf at Malborough
House saw himself as the Godfather of the family.
He had to let his unthinking children play with fire,
put their hands into the wound that they might
,reaffirm their trust in him.
ITe saw' no crisis; there never was, and he did not
anticipate any. So even though he appointed this
Constitution Commission we are too foolish to seize
the opportunity to win our freedom. And judging
from the reaction of so many I am tempted to con-
cede that he was right.
We have come together for the first time to write
a constitution of our own. We shall settle for nothing
less than full citizenship, the full bundle of rights.
We shall write this social contract with our blood if
necessary, and it shall stipulate the rights and obliga-
tions, the conditions under which we shall give power
to any government. We are demanding the simple
natural rights to think, to talk, to read and write, to
walk together, to worship; and we must enjoy these
Now in forming a State for our own welfare and
protection we must necessarily surrender some of our
rights to it so that it may govern. We therefore agree
with Miss Barnes that these rights must be clearly
demarcated. But after that they must be inviolate.
The framers of the present constitution made the
'rights so absolute that they retained a discretion to
alter and abridge them at will.
That is how they have been able to declare a
State of Emergency when political meetings cannot be
held and public opinion is suppressed to enact a
series of legislation which subverts the intention of
the constitution. In so doing they have not only
altered the system of government. We no longer have
democracy. They have taken away every means where-
by a government can be changed without violence.'
This trend, this tendency to destroy the people's
_ I ~ _~ __1_1_
___ I__ _1_ _~11_1
PAGE 6 TAPIA
m mm a
AM ML 0
y Lv.wwrw ,
rights has been evident since 1963. Let me remind
S you. The Unions began to oppose the Government.
A Commission of Enquiry into Subversive Activities
was appointed. The chairman. Sir Louis Mbanefo;
the secretary, Mr. Clinton Bernard, noi Deputy
Solicitor General. Manswell, Crichlow,Young. Weekes.
:and their advisors Lennox Pierre. Jack Kelshall,
Bernard Primus were summoned to appear before it
for questioning. Uoyd Best had just come from the,
Mona Campus for,a few days he was also summoned
to appear. I understand detention orders were pre-
1965 ISA goodbye to the right to strike.
1967 Subversive Literature Act strictijiuris -
Intent does not have to be established. Anybody can
just throw subversive literature into your yard and
immediately they become in your possession.
1968 Banning of Stokely natives'can be
excluded. This is one of the main seasons why Dual
Citizenship is necessary. The concept of post liminium
should be introduced.
1969 Transport Strike (ISA defeated) demon-
strators beaten and arrested.
1970 February Revolution April Reaction -
State of Emergency, September Public Order Bill
Permanent State of Emergency attempted.
The Public Order Bill contained the PNM's pro-
posals for Constitution Reform. People have been
saying that the ruling party is ignoring the Commission
by not offering recommendations. This is the time
when we should be discussing the validity of those
All rights were to be taken away; the police were
to be militarised; it would have' been an offence to
criticise them; soldiers were, to be given civil powers
of arrest. Can iyou imagine what this would have
meant. All these acts of intimidation and execution
currently being committed by the police would have
had to be suffered in silence.
The population.resisted the Public Order Bill with
some success. But since then the Government's policy
has been.to avoid direct confrontation, and to resort
to roundabout devices to steal our rights like a
thief in the night.
So we have had:-
The Sedition Act to speak and write
The Industrial Relations Act to work
The Firearms Act -,freedom from arrest
The Summary Offences Amendment Ordinance -
to walk and talk together
Denial of Bail even to first offenders and the under
aged Louisa Critchlow.
'Already we have seen the Government's blatant <
disregard for the writ of'Habeas Corpus. That famous
common law protection which the citizen has against
the encroachments of the Executive. That means
whereby the Courts can command the Executive to
produce a body in custody and show cause for so
,doing, is vanishing.
Lawyershave, difficulty in contacting their clients
Sin prison. Every obstacle is presented to prevent the
prisoner from preparing his defence. In 1970 while I
was in detention an attempt was made; to plant
ammunition at my home but the agent did not have
the guts to carry out the nefarious purpose.
As a result of the writ of Habeas Corpus, Weekes
got Justice Hassanali to rule the first set of detention
orders null and void. Weekes was immediately re-
arrested and fresh detention orders issued. I was
charged with plotting the assassination of Ministers
and the violent overthrow of the Government,
exhorting people to burn and loot.
SThey put you away and they fabricate the evidence
.In 1971 Justice Malone told Kelshall on his
application for the Writ of Habeas Corpus, "From
this moment you are a free man." Kelshall was
rearrested for no good reason. For weeks his case was
heard by the Review Tribunal, and as it became clear
that he would have been released the detention order
was revoked and he was put under house arrest.
Which only goes to show what a mockery that
Tribunal is. It cannot order release, it cannot order
compensation, it cannot even order a copy of its'
findings be made available to the accused as stipulated
by the Emergency Powers Act. It is inquisitorial.
The citizen is deemed guilty. He has to prove his
innocence. He has only his memory to rely on.
Which reminds me that the Government is now
engaged in revising the laws of evidence to complete
The Court conceals the identity of the accuser,
the informer from the accused. So the accused is
forced to build a defence against the figment of any
fool's imagination. The police is ever present taking
notes so that behind the back of the accused they can
plant or root up evidence. The Executive, the head,
was judge, jury and executioner.
All this happens in a country that has a proper
respect for the rights and freedom of the individual.
It is my constitutional right to have a speedy trial.
mIn' To 0 rik
There are people on charges pending for three years
without a hearing. In 1970 mine was the first case
heard by the Tribunal, almost two months later. For
about one month no correspondence could have come
or go, no pen, no paper, no books, no clothes, no
visitor, no radio, no newspapers, no doctor, no nothing.
Only terror, punishment and guns.
Whoever led a delegation for amenities was trans-
ported from Nelson Island to the Royal Goal for
special confinement. Best had to go to England to ask
Amnesty International to intervene.
I went before the Tribunal because I believed in
due process. I am prepared to stand before any
forum to plead the justice of my case.
We are proposing that the detainees have redress
through the ordinary open court, if a Review Tribunal
be set up it should be a Court appointed by the
Chief Justice, not the Prime Minister, and that it
should not be a Commission of Inquiry into Sub-
versive Activities as it is now. The Tribunal must exist
at the same time with the State of Emergency.
We must avoid that vicious system of appoint-
ments where Chief Justice McShine can proclaim the
State of Emergency as Gdvernor General, and then
revert to the post of Chief Justice to pass judgements
over acts committed during that period. He loo, like
.the Prime Minister and the Review Tribunal, was a
judge in his own cause a contradiction of natural
When a State of Emergency is declared within
14 days the Government must appear before the
National Panchayat to give reasons. The outcome of
the first sittirjg should be binding on the Government.
political detainee commits no offence otherwise
he will be charged, and tried in Court. If the State has
a presumption that he poses a threat to public safety
then only his movements ought to be restrained. He
.ought to enjoy all other comforts and freedoms.
Even the Government ought to appreciate the justice
of this measure since they will not always control the
instruments of State. One ofthese days the shoe ma,
be on the other foot.
In this horrible situation, where freedom of ex-
pression of every kind is under seige the entrenchment
of Freedom of the Press is more than justified. The
Sedition Law is on the statute book. Press censorship
is commonplace here. A lot of it is self-induced
But when Policemen feel that they have the right
to slant the news in the press; when a Prime Minister
can pick up a phone and thunder, "I thought it was
the policy of your paper to support the Government
of the' day"; and fire an editor, when a Publishing
House can be shut down for being critical of a
Government; res, when even Trade Unions leaders car
threaten the press by contemplating the boycott of
handling newsprint, then I say that we must enshrine
handling newsprint, when businessmen withdraw
advertising because of criticism, when all government
ads, both from statutory boards and other government
bodies (National Lottery etc.) go in the Nation -
the. organ of the ruling party perhaps the Bomb,
not the other weeklies, then I say that we must
enshrine it that the Press must be free.
tH PE/ ,omV4n
.. L o .C(, r rm O
g(.~.7g V~,'- E.
I V(~ av~
TAPIA PAGE 7
Y6,1973N TAPIA PAGE 7
PAGE 8 TAPIA
Despite the fact that it has
been announced that the petro-
leum areas returned to the
State will be renegotiated on
new terms, the government's
petroleum policy is the most
positive aspect of its adminis-
tration and, therefore, the butt
of attack by US companies
which have unleashed a publi-
city campaign against Jarrin
In the sphere of the domestic
economy, the government on
February 17 announced the
SUNDAY MAY 6, 1973
based on respect for well-worked
land and labour law governing
on the rural plantations.
The law also affects state
lands (some sociologists say
that the State and the Catholic
Church are the country's fore-
most latifundists) and the settle-
ment of unfarmed land.
The Five-Year Development
application of an agrarian law Plan proposes to reach ambi-
tious goals of an economic
and social nature with the state
financing 40% (the rest to come
from the private sector), in-
cluding loans which will be
Since August up to the
present, Ecuador has received
60 million dollars from petro-
leum sales, according to official
data. However, this income is
still far from representing a
solution to the serious socio-
economic problems affecting
this country's almost seven
For the time being, Ecuador
is going towards a moderate
reformism with some develop-
mentist characteristics. The
present year.will further clarify
the positions bf this govern-
ment which calls itself "nation-
alist and revolutionary".
not on every door
Opportunity does not knock on every door. This year
many of us will get the chance to invest in Public
Business. Should the opportunity come your way, what
would be your position? A Savings Account means
that you not only have money in the Bank but also
credit-worthiness, money-worth, borrow-ability, the
chance to open your door to a brighter future.
Saving its an investment.
Live a Better Lifel I Bank in Your Bank
The National Commercial Bank of Trinidad & Tobago. 60 Independence Square.
SUNDAY MAY 6,1973
ARRIVING about ten
minutes late on Wednesday
25, I heard from outside
the whistling of a flute. It
sounded like the haunting
melodies that blow from
the turrets of North Africa
wind on reed near water.
Andre Tanker, the musi-
cal genius of the struggle
was once more expressing
his nostalgia for home.
Since the experiment in
Ti Jean he has been refining
a medium that is sure to
take the calypso closer back
to its origins.
Inside I was disappointed
to see the scant audience after
noticing a train of jam-packed
cars around the blocks. The
people had gone to see Puppet
on a Chain at the Deluxe next
Yet we cannot blame them
for this barbarism. Public opi-
nion is as informed as the press,
radio, television and the poli-
tical leaders will have it. Left
to commercial advertising alone,
they will continue to choose
the synthetic rather than the
From Wednesday 25 to
Sunday April 29, Derek Wal-
cott's Theatre Workshop pre-
sented Pieces Two, featuring
Astor Johnson's Repertory
Dance Theatre, Odale's Choice,
.a play in one act, and other
selections from the Barbadian
poet-historian .Edward Brath-
I did not reach in time to
see Fusion, the first part of
Pieces 2vo, which was supposed
to be "a superimposition of
jazz styles on traditional move-
ments". I understand that it
was the piece with which the.
dancers were most satisfied.
It must, have been similar to
a performance of the Jamaica
National Dance Theatre at
Queen's'Hall some two years
ago when Rex Nettleford dem-
onstrated how the basic steps
of modern ballet and folk reggae
are the same. The difference
lies only in rhythm and move-
The programme included
Streets which depicted various
types of soul-digging, and the
cross-fertilisation of that in-
fluence with our own calypso
breakaway. The miming ranged
from tampi-smoking and con-
stackling woman to sexing and
police raid all in dance. It
was a real cool scene, well
The Repertory's masterpiece
was The Defiant Era, a choreo-
graphy of the Haitian Revo-
lution. A sketch it was indeed
as the dancers moved like sharp
pencils marking the plain but
fascinating canvas. Two eyes
seemed to be peering from the
dark, hovering, vampire-like
cloud. They might have been
Ogun's, In that overcast atmos-
phere the Mansa Musa drum-
mers broke their thunderclaps.
Lightning forked through my
Later on I noted how con-
trolled yet evocative was the
drumology coming from an
orchestra based purely on hol-
lows, skins and vibes. The cutter
in particular impressed me.
Youthful and' restrained his
tough hands never rose above
,the lift of the other drummers.
Yet his phrasing was so varied
Act one begins with a song
from Brathwaite's Rights of
Ifl had the wings ofa dove
I would fly, fly away, ..
Toussaint, played by Henry
spaniel, lay on the ground folded
like a chrysalis. His painful
writhing suggested the breaking
of bonds. After enduring op-
pression from birth, stirred by
the rhythm of change, his arms
suddenly burst open like the
wings of a butterfly fluttering
For years he looked at the
sky for heaven to show the
way. The sword descended
several times but vanished from
his endeavours. Eventually he
grasped it. Destiny had ap-
pointed him to lead his people
in the war of liberation. Thus
did the Butlerites sing:-
I have a sword in my hand,
teach me to use it lord!
After years of revolt' among
factions of the British, Spanish
and French armies, Toussaint
seized power. He defeats General
Le Clerc, Napoleon's brother-
in-law. The battles were brought
over by a minimum of action
and a great deal of symbolism.
For example, the vanquished
soldiers kneeled at his feet to
pay homage; they hoisted him
up in triumph. The red, white
and blue flag of the black
revolutionaries was waved vic-
toriously. Significantly it was
the tri-colour of the French.
Toussaint flashed his sword
furiously through the air; sol-
diers clashed with their mus-
kets. The rolling army drums
were drowned in a crescendo
Best of all was Astor's per-
sonification of the Revolution.
Weilding his cutlass with a
supple wrist,knee bent as in'the
bongo he created a flurry of
activity, conjured up the image
of death and destruction.
"Coupe les cannes, clack,
clack," as the Cuban poet would
say. During this act his ex-
pression was steadfast and com-
posed. What I admire him for
is that he does not appear
anxious to shine but to illumi-
nate the entire cast.
The betrayal of Toussaint
too I found very interesting.
He would not be persuaded by
Le Clerc to go aboard the ship
to discuss the treaty until he
was offered a chair to sit upon.
The insight is that he was
ambitious to be king, to ascend
the throne. This thirst for power
was his downfall.
Walcott has shown how much
dramatic potential there is in
Brathwaite's poems. I enjoyed
the scene in which the Barba-
dian women kept blaming the
pestilence. Somehow I felt that
the pace was too slow, that
there was too much pathos.
Wilbert Holder never got
into the skin of the Rasta Man.
For all his intonation and pro-
jection his vice is still Walcott's
as was so evident when he
spoke the epitaph to Toussaint.
. The final piece,. Odale, is a
TAPIA PAGE 9
contemporary interpretation of
the Greek tragedy Antigone. It
Sasks the eternal question -
Should unjust laws be obeyed?
Creon, the tyrant, has mur-
dered a man whom he has
condemned as traitor. Odale,
sister of the deceased and niece
of Creon feels that it is God's
law to bury the dead.
For this she is condemned
to death, a fate which she
accepts with the conviction
that natural rights are superior
to man-made civil rights.
Would we ever be forgiven,
she cried, for standing by and
allowing our rights to be viola-
The Theatre Workshop might
have used this play for groom-
ing some new actors who
seemed unclear as to the true
meaning of their roles. It is as
well. Because we too are in
doubt as to what stand we must
take on this important question.
Creon had no moral author-
ity whatever. Even the ineffi-
cient soldiers on whom he
relied were cynical to the point
of being rude. Perhaps they
would have turned against the
tyrant if Odale had appealed
to them, but she was innocent
and unaware of her strength.
All the people, the mourners
who pleaded that her life be
spared, Laiko (Avis Martin who
Continued on Page 10
* for the paint-shop man.
* for the home craftsman.
* for everybody.
Just ask for the
s l NCH-601 outfit
for only $375.00
_ C_ ~-~ll---9--- -_II-
PAGE 10 TAPIA SUNDAY MAY 6,1973
EVERYWHERE you turn
in Trinidad & Tobago to-
day, the signs of confusion-
are as clear as the daily
traffic jam at the San Juan
People simply exist from
day to day. There is no
direction to the national
life. The cost of living is
taking an enormous- toll
on the population. And it
is not simply prices, no
siree, it is also the costs
that you cannot measure
- the blows that people
take from not having ade-
If you live in Tunapuna your
day starts at 5.30 p.m., so that
you can be on the Eastern
Main Road from 6.15 a.m., to
get to work for 8.00 or 8.30
The blows from not
having any reasonable avenues
for recreational activity, not
to mention not having the
time; after all, it is a wuk to
get home from work.
And at home what is it -
no water to start with, some
tenth rate Yankee show on
TV or Garner Ted Armstrong
on the government owned radio.
(It is not uncommon to hear
Iva Luglik atpo
I h al h0sa n ar sI
him attack the heathen Hindu
or Moslem religions). Pressure
from morning till night.
The impotence we as colo-
nial people have always felt has
seemingly engulfed the country
and the feeling to flee to the
hills or the USA to get away
from it all is almost over-
Even the most ardent PNM-
ite admits it but the excuse
always is "boy, things really
bad, but de doc and dem don't
know about it". You would
think that de doc and dem
living in Iceland.
They are so contemptuous
of the ,population that they
still feel, even after all the
upheavals of the past three
years, that they can continue
to fool our people.
A classic case in point was
Dr. David Quamina Medical
Director of the Port of Spain
General Hospital stating in an
Express report of three weeks
ago that "the average citizen's
mistrust of the institution's
efficiency is biased by mis-
NOW FOR NOW
Dr. Quamina conducted a
one-hour tour of the hospital
to prove his point and con-
cluded that there were those
"misguided individuals" who
go to the institution intent on
finding fault with everybody
and everything because, as he
put it, "for every person who
lashes out at the attention
received while at hospital, nine
express their appreciation by
sending thank you notes after
What a lot of rubbish.
One of the most, striking
indicators of a revolutionary
situation is the extent to which
those who hold the reins of
government, those few who
enjoy the benefits of the
society, go to show, in the
midst of widespread chaos,
and spiralling economic hard-
ship, that "all is well".
The fact is that the health
services in this country are
piss-poor to say the least; they,
have never been so bad. And
the Port of Spain hospital is
possibly the worst.
The oft-heard expression -
"if you want to ded go to the
hospital", is a truism. A reliable
source has indicated that on a
conservative estimate 25% of
the deaths at the hospital occur
because of a lack of proper
medical equipment, a lack of
adequate facilities for treat-
ment and, possibly most im-
portant, because of gross negli-
gence and a general indifference
to patients on the part of
hospital staff. An indifference
that stems from the top.
The staff at the hospital,
just like the entire country,
work without purpose, without
any feeling that they are con-
tributing to the building of a
truly well organised, humane
health service in which people,
both patients and staff, will be
treated with dignity.
Young doctors and-nurses
enter the hospital full of en-'
thusiams and zeal, but within
a few months they have been
demoralised into a feeling of
complete frustration by an ad-
ministration that is callous in
,its attitude to the suffering,
that lacks any imagination, that
is totally barren. Thereafter it
is simply a wuk.
And of course the ever pres-
ent feeling to get away. In 1962
there were 93 dentists in the
country, in 1968 only 62. The
physician-population ratio in
Trinidad & Tobago is about 2
per ten thousand one of the
lowest in the Western Hemis-
phere. Doctors and nurses flee
the government service for the
And the fundamental reason
is not simply more bread. It is
the entire atmosphere of the
hospitals. It is like going into
the Maternity Section and being
struck by the drabness, by the
nauseating attitude of "don't
care" all in the place where
our women give birth to the
The situation has degenera-
ted to the extent that nowa-
days it is a norm for you to
have to pay to have an opera-
tion, to get a bed at the
The poor man has two op-
tions. Either you pass the bread
directly at the. hospital or you
go to a specialist, pay $20 or
$25 and have him commit
you for surgery.
And Quamina has the auda-
city to say that "we still have
problems here but those the
public feel exist are no longer
fact". It is just a lot of poppy-
It is by and large the people
who have traditionally taken
the brunt of all the pressure of
life here poor black people
- who continue to face up,
day in day out, to the horrors
of those institutions that deal
with the physically, mentally
and socially sick. The hospitals
and the prisons.
And that is one of the
most formidable indictments
of Wiliams and his bunch. The
general hospitals and the mental
homes are a scandal that sim-
ply continue to herd our people
like cattle. And the degradation
falls not only on the patientbut
also on the healers.
The prisons are institutions
that literally nurture criminals.
All the barbarism of man's
inhumanity to man is revealed
in stark reality inside the prison
They all see our society
from outside. They cannot see,
they cannot feel, from within
the hunger, the longings of a
people to break free, a searing
want to build a humane exist-
No, they cannot see it, they
cannot feel the stirring. They
are not part of what Walcott
sees as a "creative renewal".
A renewal that will allow men
dignity and respect one for the
Drm an oor
From Page 9
The message is so relevant
to our time and circumstances
that to attempt to convey it
more than compensates for the
"deficiencies of the performance.
When Gerlyn Quamina,
speakirig as Odale, repeated
"Forgive me, forgive me", I
got the impression that Walcott
had made a new resolve. The
Fusion of his Workshop with
the Repertory is what he might
have been waiting for.
Pauline Le Clerc and most
of the dancers of her court
died of yellow fever. Stately
and full of joie de vie, the part
was well played by Wendy
Terry Chandler's lighting,
effective throughout, became
livid on her torquoise gown as
she danced in the embrace of
death, portrayed by Astor
Johnson. It was the aquamarine
shimmer of waves in the morn-
This scene, however, lends
itself to another interpretation.
Pauline seemed to have been
driving her slave women to
exhaustion. She would not
allow them to rest.
Roslyn Charles powerful,
authentic, spirit-invoking work
out; her deepfelt, spontaneous,
unlocking movements seemed
to defy the decadent orthodoxy
of the European waltz. Astor
had to rescue her from Pauline's
cruel charm which melted all
around her like a blue acetylene
PAGE 10 TALPIA
SUNDAY MAY 6, 1973
SUNDAY MAY 6, 1973
TAPIA PAGE 11
Makes a big
IT IS painful the way
some radicals go out of
their way to dismiss the
events of 1970.
Because we did not win
then some radicals can
only view the uprising of
the times in terms of fail-
But if one has one's ear to
the groundswell one will note
changes that have their origin
in the continuing temper of
Take music, for instance.
A lot of people are parroting
about the inroads that the
North-American funk has made
on the local culture.
Fair enough, but what very
few are noting is that the local
music has begun to fight back
- and this fight back, one
argues, grew out of the con-
sciousness raised in 1970 when
we started looking at ourselves,
Since -then a- number of-
notable things have happened in
music Jackie Wonder having
a fling at calypso (an unheard
of thing in say, 1967,) the
Sparks, now completely in,
calypso, Andre Tanker digging
among the roots...
And now we have "Del-
tones" being touted as the
new "Cassanovas". What is
curious about this comparison
is that Deltones is not like
Cassanovas at all.
Both were formed around
the same time, but Deltones
was to see Cassanovas zoom
ahead in popularity largely on
the basis of that band's hand-
ling of North American "soul".
Cassanovas has since died
and "Deltones" are now set to
tussle with Gemini Brass for
the top position in the big band
The nice thing about this is
that if anything Deltones is a
calypso band. And quite delib-
erately so calypso after
calypso, followed by the occa-
sional funk and the crowds
are loving it.
What is even more comfort-
able is the possibilities that
arise: the vocalists rendered
a number of calypsoes Steel
and Brass, Mas in Germany,
Rainorama to name a few
that more than do credit to
The high-point of their per-
formance is a medley of tunes
- Ah Woman In Jail, Brown
Girl in the Ring, Fire Brigade
Water the Road, John Brown's
Body and the like that manages
to capture the rhythm and
spirit of calypso and yet in a
curious kind of way taps the
The man behind the band is
Neil Durham, one of the
"Hawk" brothers (who, inci-
dentally, have risen from giving
fetes to owning a profitable
restaurant-snackette on Freder-
ick Street) and he makes no
bones about his band being
anything but a calypso band.
The point about the Deltones
is that it is not isolated. And
as more and more locally-
oriented bands try to emulate
Deltones' growing success, Am-
erican soul will find itself with
a fight on its hands.
One cannot say now who
will win, but the fact that
today the question can be
raised means that we have gone
some way from that time when
local music all but rolled over
in total surrender.
And it is not only among
musicians. People are really
getting tired with funk and
have you noticed? the radio
stations are playing more calyp-
soes and steelband than ever.
Drop in at the fetes and
you are bound to hear some
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loud demand for calypso and
the hitherto aloof disc jockeys
have found it necessary to
sandwich some of the more
popular calypsoes among their
Man, there's a wind of
change a-blowing and the music
we have will come back to its
own. If we think back we will
see that the music here has
always been affected by the,
climate and mood of the time
- just wait and see.
Deltones leads the revival
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Ph. Lehigh 5 8448,
came and went and the
population, including ithe
bandsmen, responded with And v
little more than a yawn. Well, f
In the search for ex- To b(
planations, people have consider
been indicting Pan Trin- organisat
bago, that is to say the Its birth
executive of that organisa- spired.
Easy as this is to do, it kbut since
leads to all kinds of superficial objection
conclusions which, to stand up, panmen
have to ignore the really hard really.
work put in by the executives, The r
notably Roy Augustus, Peter given the
Aleong and Damian Holder. with whi
The real trouble with Pan Pan Trin
Trinbago is that, like so many able to fi
other organizations in the land, tion con
it begins and ends with its or even
So that one hears steelbands- It has
men, members of the organisa- tradition;
tion, referring to it always in must be
the third person. It is never it has ca
"we" but "they". efficiently
"Augustus and dem having funct Na
a ting in the Town Hall." "Dem Trinidad
fellers having a flag day on bandsmel
Saturday." "Pan Trinbago hav- But it
ing some bands in the Hollows." to really
or a number of reasons.
begin with, one has to
the way in which the
ion came on the scene.
h was politically in-
George Goddard was
ted" in the process
:e there were no real
is on the part of the
that was no big thing
eal casualty was that
e nature and the haste
ch it came into being,
ibago has never been
unction as an organisa-
imanding the support
the interest of its
s to carry out certain
al functions and one
honest and admit that
irried them out more
y than the now de-
tional Organisation of
and Tobago Steel-
has done little so far
change the life of the
average steelbandsman, the re-
sult being that as an organisa-
tion it has yet to impinge itself
on the consciousness of the
As such it is in a curious
-kind of way a continuation of
NATTS -and here I remember
George Goddard telling me last
year that if NATTS had sur-
vived it would be doing, very
likely, the very same things
being done now by Pan Trin-
are minded towards effective
change. What 1 do know is that
even if they were of that mind
they would still not be able to
Indeed, no organisation of
steelbandsmen set up in the
present climate of the country
can do any more than carry out
the routine of the job, introduce
a few well-meaning projects,
and make the necessary noises.
My contention is that the
solution to the pan impasse is
political;that is to say,for. pan
to flourish there must be in-
stituted a system that assumes
the talent of the land, knows
that we are not mimic men and
which is committed in a serious
way to promoting that talent
not by using the proven rhetoric
problem, but from the positive
standpoint of recognizing that
we are damn lucky in that we
have in the steelband move-
ment nuclei of organisation
from which it is possible to
mobilise all kinds of community
And it is from there that
we will be able to establish
that long sought-after involve-
Some dismay was caused
by the non-appearance of Carl-
ton Gomes, Minister of Educa-
tion and Culture who was
supposed to open the week at
the Trinidad Manufacturers
Association (TMA) headquarters
at Maraval. The Prime-Minister
was there for a while and
Gomes probably reasoned that
thnt WnQ ,,nnh
--- -_,- marL wa 1s enouuII.
If Pan Trinbago is to com- but by laying down structures But what was remarkable
mand the involvement of its ,which will make involvement was the absence of so many
members it has to diamaticilly in the steelband world really steelbandsmen, too many of
depart from the NATTS life meaningful. the big bands were unrepresen-
style either that pr the time ted, and from that moment
will come when the present Such a system cannot be ted ad t oment
executive will likewise be "as- based on the question of "what the die was cast as far as
sasinated". And as was the case can be done for the steelbands- Steelband Week was concerned.
man." but must be seen in the Given time, Steelband Week
withesting voices will be raised context of doing things for the will certainly grow. But it will
testing voices will be raised. country at large. take more than time to make it
All this, of course, is purely the glorious celebration of
academic. I do not know if the That is to say that the way achievement that it was meant
men at the top in Pan Trinbago to look at steelbands is not as to be.
THE 18th Seminar on the
acquisition of Latin American
Library Materials was co-spon-
sored by the Library Association
of Trinidad and Tobago (LATT),
the University of the West
Indies, and the Organisation
of American States.
Its concern was mainly with
"National, Regional and In-
ternational" planning for .ibra-
In addition a series of work-
shops were conducted on
matters relating to problems
encountered in acquiring Carib-
beanjnaterials, library exchange
programmes, and new biblio-
graphic tools for Latin America.
Contributions from Trinidad
were made by Ursula Raymond,
President of LATT, on "Plan-
ning for Library Services in
Trinidad and Tobago", and
Dr. A. Jordan on "Library
Planning in the Caribbean Area".
Raymond's paper charts a
novel approach, and provides a
chronology of library history
which is both interesting and
Other contributions were
given by librarians from Mona,
Jamaica and Chile, Bolivia and
The Seminar was attended
by 187 delegates from the
English speaking Caribbean,
Latin American countries, the
U.S.A. and England.
Among the resolutions passed
there are two which are of
special interest to the Carib-
One was that the Seminar
recommend to the Common-
wealth Caribbean Regional
Secretariat that it examine its
responsibility to library and
information services with part-
icular reference to book ex-
This is seen as a means of
furthering information and ser-
vices if it is headquartered at
the above Secretariat.
The other was that "the
Library Association of Trinidad
and Tobago solicit the Sminar
to pursue means of financial
assistance to enable the under-
taking of various aspects of
library research relating to
Caribbean library history needs
Local participants felt that
immediate advantages were to
be gained from these resolu-
tions. In the first place they
would most certainly enhance
co-operation between libraries
in the Caribbean region, Latin
America and elsewhere.
Secondly added urgency is
given to the need to implement
the Draft Library Development
Plan which as Ursula Raymond
points out provides for the
first time a systematic "total-
look" at all libraries in the
From Page 2
As Mr. Jamadar has said
before the Wooding Commission
Journalists like Mr. Mathurin
should not be content with
having the freedom of the press
It is already in the Con-
stitution and has brought no.
security. The PNM is happy
with it, as they have indicated.
To attain this ideal Journalists
must join the new movement
in the fight for human rights
and fundamental freedoms.
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