Table of Contents
 Livestock summary
 Celebrating the fifty-second annual...
 New scrapie information brochure...
 UF to coordinate new plant diagnostic...
 NAMP warns processors of phony...

Group Title: Animal science newsletter
Title: Animal science newsletter ; April 2003
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067334/00040
 Material Information
Title: Animal science newsletter ; April 2003
Series Title: Animal science newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Department of Animal Sciences, IFAS
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Department of Animal Sciences, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date: April 2003
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00067334
Volume ID: VID00040
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Table of Contents
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Livestock summary
        Page 2
    Celebrating the fifty-second annual beef cattle short course
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    New scrapie information brochure available
        Page 6
    UF to coordinate new plant diagnostic network for biosecurity in southern United States
        Page 7
    NAMP warns processors of phony 'securty scam'
        Page 8
Full Text

idl Science



In This Issue...

Beef Management Calendar ......................... 2
Livestock Summary........................ ...........2
Celebrating the Fifty-second Annual Beef Cattle
Short C ourse ............... .............. ........... 3
2003 Howard Wyman Sheep Industry
Leadership School ............... ..... ........... 6
UF to Coordinate New Plant Diagnostic
Network for Biosecurity in Southern
U united States................ ........ .................. .. 7
NAMP Warns Processors of Phony 'Security
Scam ............... .. ............. ................. 8

Prepared by Extension

Specialists in Animal

*. F.G. Hembry, Professor, Department
E.L. Johnson, Associate Professor, Extension
Equine Specialist
T.T. Marshall, Professor, Beef Cattle
R.O. Myer, Professor, Animal Nutritionist,
R.S. Sand, Associate Pr
Livestock Specialist
W. Taylor, Coordinator Youth
*: S.H. TenBroeck, Associate Professor,
Extension Youth Specialist
: T.A. Thrift, Assistant Professor, Beef Cattle

'Dates to


4 Southeast Prime Charolais Sale Perry, GA
5 Annual Commercial Heifer Show & Sale -
Perry, GA
5 State 4-H Livestock Judging Contest -
Gainesville, FL
10 Small Farm Pasture Establishment -Alachua,
11-13 State 4-H Leader's Forum Camp Ocala, FL
12 County 4-H Horse Project Clinic and Tack
Sale Gainesville, FL
13 State 4-H Horse Judging Contest -Gainesville,
17 4-H County Council Meeting Gainesville,
19 State 4-H Meat Judging Contest Gainesville,
19 Deer Valley Spring Production Sale -Cullman,
19 County 4-H Open Horse Show Newberry,
21 Master Cattlemen Four Part Series -
Gainesville, FL
22-24 Beef Cattle Repro Management School -
Wauchula, FL
25 Southern Cattle Company Inaugural Angus
Production Sale Marianna, FL
30- 52nd Annual Beef Cattle Short Course,
May 2 University of Florida/IFAS Gainesville, FL
9 Victoria Farms Inaugural Production Sale -
Alachua, FL
15 UF/IFAS Range Cattle Research and
Education Center Field Day Ona, FL
17 Heart of Florida Club Calf Sale Alachua, FL
27-30 Bio-Terrorism Disaster Preparedness
Conference Orlando, FL
28-31 35t Annual Beef Improvement Federation
Annual Meeting Lexington, KY




The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to
individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county
Cooperative Extension Service Office Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/ Christine Taylor Waddill, Director

2 A ril 2003
Beef Management


0 Plant warm season annual pastures.
0 Plant corn for silage.
0 Check and fill mineral feeder.
0 Check dust bags or apply treated ear tags.
0 Check for external parasites and treat if
0 Observe cows for repeat breeders.
0 Deworm cows as needed if not done in March.
0 Vaccinate against blackleg and brucellosis after
3 months of age and before 12 months of age.
0 Market cull cows and bulls.
0 Update market information and refine market
strategy for calves.


0 Remove bulls.
0 Harvest hay from cool season crops.
0 Plant warm season perennial pastures.
0 Fertilize warm season pastures.
0 Check mineral feeder.
0 Check for spittlebugs and treat if necessary.
0 Apply spot-on agents for grub and louse control.
0 Check dust bags.
0 Vaccinate and implant with growth stimulant
any later calves.
0 Reimplant calves with growth stimulant at 90-
120 days, when you have herd penned.
0 Dispose of dead animals properly.
0 Update market information and refine marketing
0 Remove bulls May 21 to end calving season
March 1.


0 Last date for planting sorghum.
0 Check mineral feeder, use at least 8%
phosphorus in mineral an not over 2 /2 to 1 calcium
to phosphorus ratio.
0 Check pastures and hay field for spittlebugs,
mole crickets, and army worms.
0 Treat if necessary; best month for mole cricket

0 Check dust bags.
0 Watch for evidence of pinkeye and treat.
0 Utilize available veterinary services and
diagnostic laboratories.
0 Get heifers vaccinated for brucellosis if not
already done.
0 Pregnancy check cows.
0 Update market information and plans.
0 Make first cutting of hay.
0 Put bulls out June 1 for calves starting March
0 Reimplant calves at 90 to 120 days with growth

Livestock Summary

The USDA is forecasting that
livestock and poultry prices will rise
in 2003 as aggregate red meat and
poultry production combined will
drop one to two percent from last
year. An anticipated five percent rise in exports will
contribute to the positive price movement.

Prices of all species are expected to be higher
in 2003. Leading the movement, choice steer prices
are expected to average in the $73 to $78 per
hundredweight, as compared to $67 in 2002.

Nationally, cattle and calves totaled 96.1
million head on January 1, 2003. The national herd
is down one percent from a year earlier and down
seven percent from the cyclical peak of 103.5
million head in 1996.

Last year marked the seventh year of herd
liquidation in the current cycle, which began in
1990 with 95.8 million head nationwide. Beef
production in 2003 is expected to drop about four
percent from 2002.

Higher cow slaughter and continued drought in
many areas will likely extend the liquidation stage
beyond 2003. Tight forage supplies, uncertain water
supplies, and a weakened financial base for
producers may prevent a rapid herd expansion.
General economic uncertainty will also be a factor.


April 2003 3

Periodic drought in some areas and continued
drought in others has limited the industry's forage
resources. Rebuilding the forage base and, for many
producers, the financial base is likely to be slow
even with stronger prices.

The limited resource situation has forced cow
slaughter to remain relatively high. Cow slaughter is
up eight percent while beef production is down
about two percent. As a comparison, steer and
heifer slaughter was down four percent.

Cattle and boxed beef prices have moved into
record territory. Retail prices for choice beef have
been increasing since October when they dipped to
the lowest price in 2002 at $3.26 a pound. Prices
rose throughout the fourth quarter, but averaged
below the fourth quarter 2001 record of $3.35 a

Retail prices are expected to rise throughout
the year. The average for 2003 likely will break the
record of $3.38 set in 2001.

Just over the horizon is the Country of Origin
Labeling requirement from the 2002 Farm Bill.
Requirements become mandatory in October 2004.
The industry impact is unknown and debated.

2003 is becoming an interesting year for
Florida's cow/calf operators.

Livestock Trends

Florida Cattle and Calves Inventory


1997 1998 1999

2000 2001

Florida Broiler Production Values
0 240,000
3 230,000
3 220,000
1997 1998 1999 2000 20



's Bred in Florida
1-1--- ~

1999 2000 2001

The Florida Agri-Journal
Researched by Les Harrison
Development Rep. I
Division of Marketing
Release March 5, 2003


Celebrating the Fifty-second
Annual Beef Cattle Short Course

"Staying Ahead of the Cattle Cycle"

Sheraton Hotel, Gainesville, FL
April 30 May 2, 2003

Staying ahead of the cattle cycle is an
important way to maximize the bottom line
regardless of where the industry is in the cycle.
Currently we are near the peak of the cycle;


'[ I

4 April 2003
however, we can expect some downturn in two to
three years. It is important to look ahead now and
do things that will put you in the best position as the
cycle continues. Identifying places where expenses
can be reduced without permanent or long term
damage to the business is important. Also,
identifying production and marketing practices that
may improve income can be valuable in dealing
with economic down turns. It is important to focus
intently on management practices that should
maximize profits and result in long term
improvements in our businesses. This year's Beef
Cattle Short Course focuses on ways to help beef
producers identify practices that will improve the
soundness and profitability of their beef business
throughout the cattle cycle. On Wednesday
afternoon speakers will address some issues related
to marketing by first looking at the beef market
outlook and then discussing opportunities for
marketing feeder cattle, retained ownership and
negotiating grazing and feeding contracts. This
program will be highlighted by a panel of beef
producers discussing their experiences with retained
ownership. Thursday morning's program gives a
glimpse of a big feedyard's experience feeding
Florida cattle with additional discussions on
preparing Florida calves for the feedyard and
having the most efficient cow for producing feeder
calves. Thursday afternoon's program of
discussions and demonstrations will be held at the
Beef Research Unit after a lunch sponsored by Farm
Credit Associations of Florida. Grazing
management of forages, controlling Johne's disease
and beef quality assurance, all topics that can
improve profitability, will be addressed. Friday
morning's program will focus on health programs
for retained ownership and economic evaluations of
terminal crossing and purchasing replacement
females. Supplemental income options for the ranch
will also be examined with experiences discussed
by a panel of ranchers. Evening events will include
the Allied Industry's Trade Show and Reception on
Wednesday and the traditional "Steak-Out" on
Thursday. This year's Beef Cattle Short Course is
full of ideas for cost cutting and producing the right
cattle for the right market. Come join us for useful
information and socializing beginning Wednesday,
April 30. For more information or to register, please
visit the website at http://www.animal.ufl.edu/


Wednesday, April 30, 2003
11:00 Registration (Sheraton Hotel)
Presiding: F. Glen Hembry, Department of Animal
Sciences, UF, IFAS, Gainesville, FL
1:00 Welcome
1:15 Remarks Wayne Godwin, President,
Florida Cattlemen's Association, Zolfo
Springs, FL
1:35 Market Outlook for 2003 and Beyond -
Walter Prevatt, Auburn University, Auburn,
2:25 Refreshment Break
Presiding: Cindy Sanders, Alachua County, UF,
IFAS, Gainesville, FL
2:45 Evaluating Opportunities to Market Feeder
Calves Walter Prevatt, Auburn University,
Auburn, AL
3:30 Negotiating a Grazing or Feeding Contract -
Bob Bliss, Consultant, Amarillo, TX
4:15 Ranchers Who Have Retained Ownership
After Weaning Panel Discussion
Kay Richardson, Richardson
Brothers, Evinson, FL
Wade Grigsby, Alico Inc., LaBelle, FL
Wes Williamson, Williamson Cattle
Co., Okeechobee, FL
Herman Laramore, Bar L Ranch,
Marianna, FL
5:00 Florida Beef Cattle Improvement
Association Super Cow Awards Bob Sand,
Department of Animal Sciences, UF, IFAS,
Gainesville, FL
5:05 Allied Industry Trade Show and Reception
Several companies will have exhibits
and representatives to answer your
questions. Hors d'oeuvres provided
compliments of the exhibitors. A cash
bar is available for your enjoyment.

Thursday, May 1, 2003
Managing Factors Influencing Income
Presiding: John Arthington, Range Cattle Research
and Education Center, UF, IFAS, Ona, FL
8:15 Do I Have the Cow That is the Most
Efficient Producer for My


April 2003 5

Environment/Management Level? Chad
Chase and Sam Coleman, ARS/STARS,
Brooksville, FL
9:00 Cactus Feedyard's Experience with Feeding
Florida Cattle Paul Coleman, Cactus
Feeders, Amarillo, TX
9:45 Refreshment Break
Presiding: John Arthington, Range Cattle Research
and Education Center, UF, IFAS, Ona, FL
10:00 Preparing Florida Calves for the Feedlot:
Repairing Our Reputation Karen Rogers,
DVM, VRCS, Greeley, CO
10:45 Country of Origin Labeling (COOL):
Implications of Policy on Cow/Calf
Producers John Van Sickle, Food and
Resource Economics, University of Florida,
Gainesville, FL
11:30 Update on the Florida Voluntary Johnes
Control Program John Crews, Cesar Ruiz,
and Ashby Green, Florida Department of
Agriculture, Tallahassee, FL
12:00 Leave for Lunch at Beef Research Unit
(Sponsored by Farm Credit Associations of
Florida) (Transportation provided)
Presiding: Jerry Wasdin, Department of Animal
Sciences, UF, IFAS, Gainesville, FL
2:00 Demonstrations and Discussions
A. Grazing Management Lynn
Sollenberger and Lawton Stewart,
Department of Agronomy, UF, IFAS,
Gainesville, FL
B. Grazing Early Weaned Calves John
Arthington, Range Cattle Research and
Education Center, UF, IFAS, Ona, FL and
Lynn Sollenberger, Department of
Agronomy, UF, IFAS, Gainesville, FL
C. How Do We Control Johnes in Florida
Herds? Owen Rae, College of Veterinary
Medicine, Gainesville
D. Chute Side Health and Quality Assurance
for Florida Calves -Karen Rogers, VRCS,
Greeley, CO
4:30 Adjourn
6:00 Cattlemen's Steak-Out (Horse Teaching Unit
Arena) Transportation on your own.

Friday, May 2, 2003
Cutting Corners Without Compromising Future
Ranch Performance

Presiding: Bob Sand, Department of Animal
Sciences, UF, IFAS, Gainesville, FL
8:15 Should I Modify My Herd Health Program
When Considering Retained Ownership -
Hal Phillips, DVM, Williston, FL
8:45 Utilizing a Terminal Sire Breeding Program
An Economic Evaluation Todd Thrift,
Department of Animal Sciences, UF, IFAS,
Gainesville, FL
9:15 Should I Purchase Replacement Females? -
Tom Anton, Range Cattle Research and
Education Center, Ona, FL
9:45 Refreshment Break
10:00 Economic Options to Increase the Value of
Your Ranch Lands Alan Long, School of
Forest Resources and Conservation, UF,
IFAS, Gainesville, FL
10:30 Supplemental Income Sources for the Ranch
Panel Discussion
George Kempfer, Kempfer Cattle
Company, St. Cloud, FL
Dean Hendrick, Hendrick Family Farm,
Mayo, FL
Arnie Sarlo, Ranch Manager, Babcock
Wilderness Adventures, Punta Gorda, FL
Wayne Godwin, Westby Corporation,
Zolfo Springs, FL
11:30 Question and Answer Session with Morning
11:40 Closing Comments F. Glen Hembry,
Department of Animal Sciences, UF, IFAS,
11:45 Adjourn


Bob Sand
(352) 392-7529

Tim Marshall
(352) 392-1917

Department of Animal Sciences
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL



6 April 2003

2003 Howard Wyman
Sheep Industry
Leadership School

Sioux Falls,
NjFA South Dakota
July 20-23, 2003

The National Lamb Feeders Association would
appreciate your help identifying potential applicants
for the 2003 Howard Wyman Sheep Industry
Leadership School.

The 2003 Sheep Industry Leadership School
will be held in Sioux Falls, SD, under the direction
of Mike Caskey of the Pipestone Lamb & Wool
Program at Minnesota West Community and
Technical College.

The Leadership School combines classroom
study, group discussion, plus site tours of industry
operations. This year's tour sites include various
sheep operations in the Pipestone vicinity, the Iowa
Lamb Company, Rule Sheep Company feedlots,
and a pelt-grading plant. This experience is a unique
training ground for anyone interested in the sheep
industry or business affiliated with lamb or wool

Students must be 20 years of age or older to
apply. There is no cost to apply. Once accepted,
each student must pay a registration fee of $100,
and provide their own transportation to and from
Sioux Falls, SD. Expenses associated with meals,
lodging, supplies, and tour costs are provided by the
National Lamb Feeders Association.

Applications must be submitted by June 1,
2003. Class size is limited. Additional applications
may be obtained from NLFA or downloaded from
the NLFA web site: www.nlfa-sheep.org.

Specific questions about the 2003 Sheep
Industry Leadershop School program may be
directed to: Mike Caskey, (507) 825-6800,
mikes@ps.mnwest.mnscu.edu, or Howard Wyman,
(630) 553-5512.

We appreciate your assistance.


National Lamb Feeders Association
(503) 370-7024
Release March 5, 2003


-I* -I I r r
New Scrapie Information
Brochure Available

USDA has announced that it is expanding the
use of genetic testing for determining which
scrapie-exposed animals can move in interstate

A brochure, The ABCs of Genetic Based
Flock Clean-up and Monitoring Plans, explains
the plan in detail. As stated in the brochure, it is
important that all producers are aware of how
genetic resistance to scrapie can be used to
minimize the risks of acquiring scrapie and
eliminate scrapie from a sheep flock if it becomes

Your assistance in disseminating this
information to your constituencies will be
appreciated. Mass copies of the brochure will be
shipped to you upon request. To order, contact Julie
Jones at (270) 782-9798 or
jj ones@animalagriculture. org.


Dr. Cindy Wolf
Team Leader
National Scrapie Education Initiative
Release February 12, 2003



UF to Coordinate New Plant
Diagnostic Network for
Biosecurity in Southern United

To help protect agriculture from terrorism, the
University of Florida is one of five land-grant
universities in the nation coordinating a new
National Plant Diagnostic Network that will provide
an early warning about pests and diseases.

"Agriculture is an inviting target for terrorists,"
said Gail Wisler, a professor and chair of the plant
pathology department in UF's Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences (IFAS). "It's also a 'soft' target
because it covers an enormous amount of land
under decentralized management and would have a
significant economic impact."

She said few sights would be more
demoralizing to people than crop fields mined by
disease or pestilence, or livestock herds led to mass
slaughter. She said it's critical to have the ability to
quickly detect, diagnose and respond to intentional
and accidental introductions of plant pests and

Wisler, who is coordinator of a regional
network that serves 12 southern states and one U.S.
territory, said a $900,000 homeland security grant
from the U.S. Department of Agriculture provides
initial funding for the program. The Southern Plant
Diagnostic Network, which is part of the national
network, includes Alabama, Arkansas, Florida,
Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia and Puerto Rico.

The national network comprises four regional
networks in addition to the southern network.
Universities coordinating other regional networks
include Comell University for the northeast,
Michigan State University for the north central,
Kansas State University for the Great Plains and
University of California at Davis for the west.

"UF has a long and trusted relationship with
those involved in food production, and our
statewide research and extension programs interact

April 2003 7

closely and rapidly
with growers,"
Wisler said. "It
makes good sense to
capitalize on our
well-equipped plant
pest and diagnostic
labs and staff of plant
scientists with vast
experience in
integrated pest

faculty coordinating
Gall Wlsler, a professor and chair of the plant the southern regional
pathology department in the University of Florida's
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, is network include Bob
director of a new regional plant diagnostic network
that will help protect agriculture from terrorism The M cGovern, a
Southern Plant Diagnostic Network, which includes
12 southern states and one U S territory, is part of professor of plant
a national network that can quickly detect, diagnose
and respond to intentional and accidental pathology in
introductions of plant pests and pathogens (Photo
by Eric Zamora/University of Florida/IFAS) Gainesville; Howard
Beck, a professor of
agricultural and biological engineering in
Gainesville; Tim Momol, an assistant professor of
plant pathology at the North Florida Research and
Education Center in Quincy; and Pam Roberts, an
assistant professor of plant pathology at the
Southwest Florida Research and Education Center
in Immokalee. Faculty in UF's agronomy and
entomology and nematology departments also are

Wisler said the USDA-sponsored national
network is developing a Web-based plant pest
diagnostic and reporting system, which will help
faculty and staff at UF and other land-grant
institutions submit plant samples, digital images and
detailed crop information for pest diagnosis.

She said the state and national networks also
will establish a "first detector" system to help
monitor the introduction of new plant pests or
unusual pest outbreaks.

"First detectors are an integral part of the
system and include growers, county extension
faculty, state agriculture department personnel, crop
consultants, pesticide applicators, and commercial
chemical and seed representatives," Wisler said.


8 April 2003
"The Southern Plant Diagnostic Network will
provide training to first detectors on techniques for
identifying agro-terrorist threats and procedures for
reporting pest problems," Wisler said. "First
detectors will have access to the Web-based
diagnostic system and can report unusual pest
problems, existing crop conditions and other
information not normally submitted through the
distance diagnostic network.

"Federal and state agencies monitor U.S.
borders for plant pest introductions and watch for
pest outbreaks throughout the nation. Still, new
pests often are first detected by those involved in
crop production and are identified by professionals
at land-grant universities and state labs."

She said strengths of the system include:

*rapid evaluation and reporting of potential
bioterrorist threats
*quick response time for diagnosis, real-time
consultation with experts
*Web-based secure communication links among
regional and national diagnostic labs
established links to regulatory agencies,
including USDA's APHIS (Animal, Plant
Health Inspection Service) and agriculture
departments in each state
high quality and uniformity of information
associated with samples
high quality record keeping and reporting of
pest outbreaks
trained network of "first detectors"

SOURCE: Gail Wisler
(352) 392-3631, ext. 210

Bob McGovern
(352) 392-3631, ext. 213

Howard Beck
(352) 392-3196

Tim Momol
(850) 875-7154

By: Chuck Woods
ICS, University of Florida
(352) 392-1773, ext. 281

Release March 26, 2003


NAMP Warns Processors of
Phony 'Security Scam'

When the times get tough, the con artists get
going. In this case, a scam has surfaced in
conjunction with the increased security measures
put in place by meat processors at the urging of
Department of Agriculture officials has sparked at
least one individual to capitalize on phony building
surveys," according to the North American Meat
Processors association.

"It come to our attention through our members
that an individual, identified as Bob Miller in one
case, has represented himself as a staff person in the
Office of Homeland Defense," said Jane Jacobs,
NAMP communications director. "This individual
claims to be conducting a survey of 500 plants for
information regarding security measures. Any
establishment receiving such a call should ask for
the inquiry to be made in writing and request a
telephone number at which the individual can be

Jacobs said NAMP officials are unaware of
any sanctioned phone surveys and said that any
further details surrounding such inquiries should be
forwarded to Jessie Majkowski at the FSIS Office
of Food Security and Emergency Preparedness at
(202) 720-5642.

SOURCE: Dan Murphy
Release March 27, 2003


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