In This Issue...
Beef Management Calendar................................. 2
Anthrax Attacks Have Bolstered Consumer
Perceptions of Food Irradiation....................... 3
Scrapie Eradication Rules Go Into Effect.............. 3-4
19th Annual Florida Cattlemen's Institute
and Allied Trade Show ................................... 4-5
2002 Annual Cattle Industry Convention
and Trade Show......................................... 5-6
New Video Teaches Joy of 'Gaming' Processing
W ild Game, That Is...................................... 6
UF/IFAS Budget Cuts Impact 4-H Dramatically,
Two 4-H Camps to Be Closed.................... 6-8
You Celebrate the Holiday's in Florida
if Y ou.. .............. ................... ... ........ 8
Prepared by Extension
Specialists in Animal Sciences
*. F.G. Hembry, Professor, Department Chairman
R.S. Sand, Associate Professor, Extension
E.L. Johnson, Associate Professor, Extension
W.E. Kunkle, Professor, Extension Beef
F.W. Leak, Associate Professor, Extension
o S.H. TenBroeck, Associate Professor,
Extension Youth Specialist
R.O. Myer, Professor, Animal Nutritionist,
W. Taylor, Coordinator Youth
A. Stelzleni, Research Programs/Services
\i i'-- Dates to
8 4-H Livestock Judging School -
25 Christmas Day
1 New Year's Day
5 Horse Judging Coaches Seminar -
10-11 2002 Ruminant Nutrition Symposium -
17 19th Annual Florida Cattlemen's
Institute and Allied Trade Show -
25-27 Breeding Management Short Course -
I I 1
Ja? 3;JIJjl I)1
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to
individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county
Cooperative Extension Service Office Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/ Christine Taylor Waddill, Director
2 December 2001
Begin grazing small grain pastures (if ready).
Check mineral feeder.
Check for external parasites and treat if needed.
Deworm cows and heifers prior to winter
Observe regularly for calving difficulties.
Rotate calving pastures to prevent diseases.
Watch for scours in calves.
Investigate health of bulls before you buy.
Have dead animals posted by a veterinarian or
Complete review of management plan and
update for next year.
Check replacement heifers to be sure they will
be ready to breed 3 4 weeks prior to the main
Apply lime for summer crops.
Check for lice and treat if necessary.
Control weeds in cool season pastures.
Begin grazing winter clover pastures when
approximately 6 inches high. Rye should be 12
18 inches high.
Check mineral feeders.
Put bulls out for October calving season.
Make up breeding herd lists if using single sire
Watch for calf scours.
Give bulls extra feed and care so they will be in
condition for breeding season.
Make sure cow herd has access to adequate
Buy only performance tested bulls with
Get taxes filed.
Discuss herd health with your veterinarian and
outline a program for the year. Review herd
health program w ith your veterinarian
Carry a pocket notebook to record heat,
breeding abnormalities, discharges, abortions,
retained placentas, difficult calvings and other
Observe cow herd for calving difficulties.
Watch for grass tetany on winter pastures.
Increase magnesium levels in mineral mixes if
grass tetany has been previous problem (if you
are not already using a high magnesium
Examine bulls for breeding soundness and
semen quality prior to the breeding season.
Vaccinate cows and heifers against vibriosis
and leptospirosis prior to the breeding season.
Top dress winter forages, if needed.
Check and fill mineral feeders.
Put bulls out with breeding herd.
Work calves (identify, implant with growth
stimulant, vaccinate, etc.).
Make sure lactating cows are receiving an
adequate level of energy.
Watch calves for signs of respiratory diseases.
Cull cows that failed to calve while prices are
Check for lice and treat if needed.
December 2001 3
Anthrax Attacks Have
American consumers may be warming up to
the idea of irradiation, according to a news survey
by Porter Novelli. Apparently, news coverage of
bioterrorist activity in the United States, combined
with the well-publicized news about the use of
irradiation technology to eradicate anthrax spores in
potentially contaminated U.S. mail, has brought the
benefits of this technology to the forefront in
Consumers are making the connection between
the ability of irradiation to eliminate anthrax and
other harmful bacteria to its potential use in
processing the food supply, and increasingly view it
as an acceptable precautionary measure, according
to Porter Novelli.
Conducted among 1,008 U.S. adults from Nov.
2 through 6, the survey found that consumers have
moved from trepidation to a strong level of support
for the technology-with more than half (52
percent) saying that the government should require
irradiation to help ensure a safe food supply. In
another PN survey conducted last year, only 11
percent of consumers said they would buy irradiated
foods if they were available.
"In the past, consumers expressed concern for
irradiation-specifically for food use," said Bill
Layden, senior vice president of Porter Novelli
Washington's Food, Beverage and Nutrition
Practice. "Consumers are beginning to understand
that irradiation is similar to pasteurization.. .that it is
the next generation in technology with proven
benefits that could protect the food supply now."
About two-thirds (64 percent) of the
consumers surveyed this year said they are
concerned about contamination of the U.S. food
supply with anthrax or other biological agents.
Fifty-one percent agreed that irradiation could be
used to kill anthrax and other biological agents.
Porter Novelli is a subsidiary of Omnicom and
calls itself one of the world's largest public relations
Release November 9, 2001
Scrapie Eradication Rules
Go Into Effect
Beginning Monday, November 19, 2001, most
sheep and some goats, 18 months and older, must
be officially identified (ID) and breeding sheep and
goats must be accompanied by a Certificate of
Veterinary Inspection (health certificate) to move
into interstate commerce as part of the new federal
program to eradicate scrapie in the U.S.
Those categories of sheep and goats that must
be identified (ear tags or tattoos) are:
* All sheep 18 months and older;
* All breeding sheep regardless of age;
* All scrapie exposed, suspect, test-positive, and
* Breeding goats, except low-risk commercial
* All sheep and goats for exhibition other than
The following groups need no ID and have no
* All sheep under 18 months of age moving into
* All goats moving into slaughter channels;
* Low-risk commercial goats defined as those:
o Raised for fiber and/or meat;
o Not registered or exhibited;
4 December 2001
o Which have not been in contact with
o Not scrapie positive, high-risk or
o Not from an infected or source herd.
* Wethers for exhibition;
* Animals moving for grazing, if no change in
Owners of commercial whiteface breeding
sheep less than 18 months of age will have until
February 19, 2002, to comply with the ID and
movement restrictions. The requirements for all
scrapie-exposed, suspect, high-risk, and positive
animals have been in effect since September 20.
"If they haven't already done so, producers
should call their local APHIS office, or in Texas
and Minnesota the state veterinarian's office, to be
assigned an official ID number and to get free ear
tags," explains Dr. Diane Sutton, National Scrapie
Program Coordinator with USDA, APHIS,
Veterinary Services. Producers can find their local
APHIS office by calling, toll-free, 1-866-USDA-
The regulations needed for implementation of
the accelerated scrapie eradication program became
final in August. In addition to the identification
requirements, the rule also provides indemnity to
compensate producers whose flocks or herds are
found to be infected with this always-fatal disease.
More information is available on the Internet at:
www. animalagriculture. org/scrapie
National Scrapie Education Initiative
Release November 9, 2001
"Changing Times; New
January 17, 2002
Kissimmee Valley Agricultural Center
Highway 192 East of Kissimmee
Please RSVP to your County Agent if you plan
8:00 am Trade Show Opens
Moderator: Mark Shuffitt
Charlie Bronson, Florida Commissioner
Jim Alderman, President, Florida
Foot and Mouth Disease;
Paul Gibbs, DVM, University of Fl
College of Veterinary Med
Trade Show Break
Pleasing the Consumer; Preserving
Our Way of Life
Roger West, Ph.D., Department of
Animal Sciences, University of Florida,
December 2001 5
11:00 Source/Process Verification
Marcine Moldenhauer, Manager Value
Added Procurement, Excel Corporation,
Special thanks are extended to the Allied Trade
Show Exhibitors. Without their support the Florida
Cattlemen's Institute would not be possible!
Presentation for Al Warnick, Ph.D.,
Professor Emeritus, University of
Lunch provided by Trade Show Exhibitors ($1
donation for iced tea to support the Cattle Women's
Scholarship Fund appreciated).
12:30 pm An Overview of Nutrition
Andy Cole, Ph.D., USDA, Bushland,
Dallas Townsend, County Extension
Director, Hendry County Florida
Trade Show Break
Marketing Options, What the Buyer is
Todd Clemens, President, Okeechobee
Livestock Market, Okeechobee, Florida
Economics of Alliances in the Beef
Tim Marshall, Ph.D., Department of
Animal Sciences, University of Florida,
New Reproduction Technology/CIDR
Joel Yelich, Ph.D., Department of
Animal Sciences, University of Florida,
Return evaluations to enter drawing for
free registration to 2002
Florida Cattlemen's Association Annual
Convention in Marco Island.
Winners must be present to win. Each evaluation
completed will receive a CD of the Proceedings.
Holiday Inn Express
2145 E. Irlo Bronson Hwy.
(407) 846-4646 or
Participants requiring special accommodations
should contact Joe Walter at (407) 247-5879,
48 hours prior to the event.
February 6-9, 2002
Please note that the 2002 Winter
Olympics are being held in Salt
Lake City starting February 10. Be
sure to book your airline
The Cattle Industry Annual Convention &
Trade Show will feature joint and individual
meetings by five industry organizations: National
Cattlemen's Beef Association, Cattlemen's Beef
Promotion & Research Board, American National
CattleWomen, Inc., Cattle-Fax and National
Cattlemen's Foundation. Visit the largest beef cattle
industry trade show in the country we anticipate
over 300 exhibitors to participate in Denver, in all
industry segments including animal health, animal
ID, industry associations, cattle breeds & sellers,
6 December 2001
communication, computers, consultants, equipment,
feed, fencing, finance, haying, information, land,
publications, retail, seed/weed, and vet. After a
series of regional caucuses, council meetings,
subcommittee & committee meetings, the business
portion of the Convention will conclude with the
annual Stakeholders Congress/NCBA Annual
Membership Meeting, where decisions are made for
the future direction of the industry. Plan to be in
Denver to participate!
For more information, please visit:
The video also shows the varied sausages,
snack sticks, jerky, salami, pickled products, and
chili items Hofer manufactures. Instructions on how
to help sell higher end processed items and
seasoning and recipe kits are also included.
The video is available from AAMP for $19.95,
plus shipping and handling, by calling (888) 368-
Release October 23, 2001
Teaches Joy of
Processors can thank Lee Hofer, a long-time
member of the American Association of Meat
Processors, for sharing everything there is to know
about processing deer.
That's because Hofer produced a video
entitled, "Processing Wild Game the Easy Way," a
90-minute educational tape for both hunters and
Hofer, who owns Tea, S.D.-based Lee's Meats
and Sausages, created the video to demonstrate
proper skinning, quartering, processing for deer,
and the identification of various cuts along with
Cuts Impact 4-H
Two 4-H Camps
To Be Closed
Two 4-H camps will be closed and the
statewide 4-H program will be severely impacted by
state budget cuts, said Damon Miller, assistant dean
for 4-H programs at the University of Florida's
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS).
4-H Camp Cherry Lake near Madison and 4-H
Camp Cloverleaf near Lake Placid will be closed.
He said alternate funding plans and structures were
considered by the administration before the closures
were announced last week by Mike Martin, UF vice
president for agriculture and natural resources.
More than 1,000 children attended the two
camps last summer, which also host environmental
workshops, family reunions and other educational
activities year-round. The two state-owned camps
rely heavily on user fees and private support,
although they do receive about $100,000 in state
support annually for staffing and expenses.
"This is a day that none of us wanted to see,"
Miller said. "The entire 4-H family -- children,
December 2001 7
teens, 4-H agents, volunteer leaders, 4-H alumni
and, state staff -- are heartbroken over these
He said a date for the closures remains to be
determined. In addition to Cherry Lake and
Cloverleaf, the state 4-H program has two other
camps. 4-H Camp Timpoochee near Niceville and
4-H Camp Ocala near Umatilla in the Ocala
National Forest will remain open.
The two facilities being closed have a long
tradition of serving young people, said Miller.
Camp Cherry Lake opened in 1946 in Madison.
Seventeen county 4-H programs camped there last
summer: Baker, Bradford, Dixie, Duval, Gadsden,
Gilchrist, Hamilton, Jefferson, Lafayette, Leon,
Levy, Madison, Nassau, Suwannee, Taylor, Union,
4-H Camp Cloverleaf was purchased in 1949
and opened in 1957. Twelve county 4-H programs
camped there last summer: Brevard, Broward,
Charlotte, Collier, Dade, Glades, Hendry, Indian
River, Lee, Manatee, Palm Beach, and Sarasota.
The closures are part of the IFAS budget
reduction. The institute received a $2.6 million
dollar budget cut this year, and anticipates further
cuts in the upcoming special session of the state
In addition to the camp closures, Martin
announced that several UF/IFAS research facilities
and offices in Gainesville are being examined for
consolidation or closure.
"Our 4-H camps are not the only part of 4-H
affected by the budget situation," said Miller. For
example, in-service training fir county 4-H faculty
on new techniques for working with young people
relies on the IFAS travel budget to reach 4-H agents
working in all parts of the state. Miller said that all
travel has been cancelled and in-service training
eliminated until the end of the fiscal year in June
An additional problem facing the youth
program, which worked with more than 286,000
young people last year, is a hiring freeze on some
positions. A new statewide volunteer development
specialist to support programs which affect more
than 15,000 4-H volunteers can not be hired until
the budget thaws out.
County 4-H agent positions in Clay, Okaloosa,
and Suwannee counties cannot be filled due to a
hiring freeze. Another support position for the state
4-H camping program was eliminated in the most
recent cuts. Student assistants in the state 4-H office
also were laid off, reducing the number of people
available to work with state-level events and
programs. The closure of the UF/IFAS poultry
program will mean that embryology educational
programs, conducted in partnership between 4-H
and schools, will be left scrambling to find new
sources for fertile eggs.
In spite of the budget situation, all is not lost,
said Miller. "Our commitment to youth
development has only grown stronger in the face of
new challenges," he said. "Our county 4-H
programs will continue. 4-H teaches young people
about their connections to living things, and about
the linkages between people, nature, and each other.
That has not changed," said Miller. We believe
that young people learn best through hands-on
education, and we provide experiences they often
don't receive in their schooling. We will continue to
fulfill our mission as a land-grant institution to
serve the young people in our state."
Miller said another bright spot is the
"Conversations on Youth Development" program
occurring around the state as part of 4-H's
"We are convening the youth development
community at county, state, and national levels to
talk about what strategies we can take to build the
future we want for young people. Now more than
ever before, we will persevere in our commitment
to positive youth development through 4-H," he
Long stereotyped as a program only for farm
kids who raise cows and bake apple pies, the 4-H
program has changed with the times and reached
out to youth in urban, suburban and rural areas. The
program's offerings still include agriculture, and
8 December 2001
they have expanded to encompass computers, the
environment, public speaking, community service,
and other projects of interest to today's young
The 4-H program is the youth development
program of the Florida Cooperative Extension
Service (CES), which is headquartered in
Gainesville at the University of Florida's Institute of
Food and Agricultural Sciences. 4-H worked with
more than 286,000 youth ages 5-18 last year, and
has active programs in Florida's 67 counties and on
five Seminole Tribe reservations in South Florida.
The CES is funded by a partnership between
federal, state, and county agencies.
For more information, visit the Florida 4-H
website at http://www.florida4h.org To find out
more about 4-H's centennial, visit
http://www.4hcentennial.org To read the official
news release about the IFAS budget reduction and
for more information about IFAS, go to
SOURCE: Damon Miller
(352) 846-0996, Ext. 225
By: Ami Neiberger
IFAS Communications Services
University of Florida
Release: November 19, 2001
the Holiday's in
Florida if You...
...mail cards to all your friends
and relatives up North that depict
Santa and his sleigh pulled by a
flock of flamingos.
...do all of your baking early,
then discover on Christmas Day that our rampant
humidity has crept into all the cookies.
...hope it will be cold enough to light a fire in the
...hope it will be warm enough to serve Christmas
dinner on the patio.
...sweat your way through Christmas eve midnight
Mass because you decided to wear the new cable-
knit sweater that was a gift from your wife.
...gaze at palm trees and hibiscus through panes of
glass sprayed with fake snow.
...give your daughter a new bike and are actually
able to take her outside for her first spin around the
...get a new wet suit and flippers as gifts and try
them out in the pool that day.
...have a house full of relatives, half of whom want
the air conditioning turned up and half of whom
want it turned down.
...have to explain to your 5-year-old that Santa's
sleigh can get here without there being snow on the
...play a Christmas morning round of golf and an
after-dinner basketball game has become a family
...open your patio door on Christmas morning to
see a glorious white heron take flight over the trees.
...are trying to figure out how to sleep and feed
your brother-in-law and his family, an old college
friend and her family, and Great-Uncle Harry and
his new girlfriend when they all visit during the
same week in December.
...are able to take the kids to see Mickey and
Minnie or Shamu during school break without
spending money on air fare and hotel rooms.
... are spending the whole day stringing colored
lights on the front of your house and then having to
mow the lawn and trim the bushes, too.
...realize the spirit and joy of _.
Christmas dwell in your heart A -J A t -
and can be triggered by warm ..
breezes and swaying palms as
well as sleigh bells and falling
J 4, **